1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __PROCFS_FD_H__ #define __PROCFS_FD_H__ #include <linux/fs.h> extern const struct file_operations proc_fd_operations; extern const struct inode_operations proc_fd_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_fdinfo_operations; extern const struct inode_operations proc_fdinfo_inode_operations; extern int proc_fd_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); static inline unsigned int proc_fd(struct inode *inode) { return PROC_I(inode)->fd; } #endif /* __PROCFS_FD_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #define _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h> #define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK (SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_SPEC_ALLOW | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_NEW_LISTENER | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC_ESRCH) /* sizeof() the first published struct seccomp_notif_addfd */ #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 24 #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_LATEST SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/seccomp.h> struct seccomp_filter; /** * struct seccomp - the state of a seccomp'ed process * * @mode: indicates one of the valid values above for controlled * system calls available to a process. * @filter: must always point to a valid seccomp-filter or NULL as it is * accessed without locking during system call entry. * * @filter must only be accessed from the context of current as there * is no read locking. */ struct seccomp { int mode; atomic_t filter_count; struct seccomp_filter *filter; }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER extern int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd); static inline int secure_computing(void) { if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SECCOMP))) return __secure_computing(NULL); return 0; } #else extern void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall); #endif extern long prctl_get_seccomp(void); extern long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long, void __user *); static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return s->mode; } #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #include <linux/errno.h> struct seccomp { }; struct seccomp_filter { }; struct seccomp_data; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER static inline int secure_computing(void) { return 0; } static inline int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd) { return 0; } #else static inline void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall) { return; } #endif static inline long prctl_get_seccomp(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long arg2, char __user *arg3) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER extern void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk); #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ static inline void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } static inline void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ #if defined(CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER) && defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) extern long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); extern long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); #else static inline long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long n, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER && CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */ #endif /* _LINUX_SECCOMP_H */
1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
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2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/resize.c * * Support for resizing an ext4 filesystem while it is mounted. * * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andreas Dilger <adilger@clusterfs.com> * * This could probably be made into a module, because it is not often in use. */ #define EXT4FS_DEBUG #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" struct ext4_rcu_ptr { struct rcu_head rcu; void *ptr; }; static void ext4_rcu_ptr_callback(struct rcu_head *head) { struct ext4_rcu_ptr *ptr; ptr = container_of(head, struct ext4_rcu_ptr, rcu); kvfree(ptr->ptr); kfree(ptr); } void ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(void *to_free) { struct ext4_rcu_ptr *ptr = kzalloc(sizeof(*ptr), GFP_KERNEL); if (ptr) { ptr->ptr = to_free; call_rcu(&ptr->rcu, ext4_rcu_ptr_callback); return; } synchronize_rcu(); kvfree(to_free); } int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int ret = 0; if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) return -EPERM; /* * If we are not using the primary superblock/GDT copy don't resize, * because the user tools have no way of handling this. Probably a * bad time to do it anyways. */ if (EXT4_B2C(sbi, sbi->s_sbh->b_blocknr) != le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block)) { ext4_warning(sb, "won't resize using backup superblock at %llu", (unsigned long long)EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr); return -EPERM; } /* * We are not allowed to do online-resizing on a filesystem mounted * with error, because it can destroy the filesystem easily. */ if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) { ext4_warning(sb, "There are errors in the filesystem, " "so online resizing is not allowed"); return -EPERM; } if (test_and_set_bit_lock(EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext4_flags)) ret = -EBUSY; return ret; } void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb) { clear_bit_unlock(EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext4_flags); smp_mb__after_atomic(); } static ext4_group_t ext4_meta_bg_first_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { return (group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)) << EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb); } static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_meta_bg_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { group = ext4_meta_bg_first_group(sb, group); return ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group); } static ext4_grpblk_t ext4_group_overhead_blocks(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { ext4_grpblk_t overhead; overhead = ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, group); if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group)) overhead += 1 + le16_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks); return overhead; } #define outside(b, first, last) ((b) < (first) || (b) >= (last)) #define inside(b, first, last) ((b) >= (first) && (b) < (last)) static int verify_group_input(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; ext4_fsblk_t start = ext4_blocks_count(es); ext4_fsblk_t end = start + input->blocks_count; ext4_group_t group = input->group; ext4_fsblk_t itend = input->inode_table + sbi->s_itb_per_group; unsigned overhead; ext4_fsblk_t metaend; struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; ext4_grpblk_t free_blocks_count, offset; int err = -EINVAL; if (group != sbi->s_groups_count) { ext4_warning(sb, "Cannot add at group %u (only %u groups)", input->group, sbi->s_groups_count); return -EINVAL; } overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, group); metaend = start + overhead; input->free_clusters_count = free_blocks_count = input->blocks_count - 2 - overhead - sbi->s_itb_per_group; if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: adding %s group %u: %u blocks " "(%d free, %u reserved)\n", ext4_bg_has_super(sb, input->group) ? "normal" : "no-super", input->group, input->blocks_count, free_blocks_count, input->reserved_blocks); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, start, NULL, &offset); if (offset != 0) ext4_warning(sb, "Last group not full"); else if (input->reserved_blocks > input->blocks_count / 5) ext4_warning(sb, "Reserved blocks too high (%u)", input->reserved_blocks); else if (free_blocks_count < 0) ext4_warning(sb, "Bad blocks count %u", input->blocks_count); else if (IS_ERR(bh = ext4_sb_bread(sb, end - 1, 0))) { err = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; ext4_warning(sb, "Cannot read last block (%llu)", end - 1); } else if (outside(input->block_bitmap, start, end)) ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap not in group (block %llu)", (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap); else if (outside(input->inode_bitmap, start, end)) ext4_warning(sb, "Inode bitmap not in group (block %llu)", (unsigned long long)input->inode_bitmap); else if (outside(input->inode_table, start, end) || outside(itend - 1, start, end)) ext4_warning(sb, "Inode table not in group (blocks %llu-%llu)", (unsigned long long)input->inode_table, itend - 1); else if (input->inode_bitmap == input->block_bitmap) ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap same as inode bitmap (%llu)", (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap); else if (inside(input->block_bitmap, input->inode_table, itend)) ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap (%llu) in inode table " "(%llu-%llu)", (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap, (unsigned long long)input->inode_table, itend - 1); else if (inside(input->inode_bitmap, input->inode_table, itend)) ext4_warning(sb, "Inode bitmap (%llu) in inode table " "(%llu-%llu)", (unsigned long long)input->inode_bitmap, (unsigned long long)input->inode_table, itend - 1); else if (inside(input->block_bitmap, start, metaend)) ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap (%llu) in GDT table (%llu-%llu)", (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap, start, metaend - 1); else if (inside(input->inode_bitmap, start, metaend)) ext4_warning(sb, "Inode bitmap (%llu) in GDT table (%llu-%llu)", (unsigned long long)input->inode_bitmap, start, metaend - 1); else if (inside(input->inode_table, start, metaend) || inside(itend - 1, start, metaend)) ext4_warning(sb, "Inode table (%llu-%llu) overlaps GDT table " "(%llu-%llu)", (unsigned long long)input->inode_table, itend - 1, start, metaend - 1); else err = 0; brelse(bh); return err; } /* * ext4_new_flex_group_data is used by 64bit-resize interface to add a flex * group each time. */ struct ext4_new_flex_group_data { struct ext4_new_group_data *groups; /* new_group_data for groups in the flex group */ __u16 *bg_flags; /* block group flags of groups in @groups */ ext4_group_t count; /* number of groups in @groups */ }; /* * alloc_flex_gd() allocates a ext4_new_flex_group_data with size of * @flexbg_size. * * Returns NULL on failure otherwise address of the allocated structure. */ static struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *alloc_flex_gd(unsigned long flexbg_size) { struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd; flex_gd = kmalloc(sizeof(*flex_gd), GFP_NOFS); if (flex_gd == NULL) goto out3; if (flexbg_size >= UINT_MAX / sizeof(struct ext4_new_group_data)) goto out2; flex_gd->count = flexbg_size; flex_gd->groups = kmalloc_array(flexbg_size, sizeof(struct ext4_new_group_data), GFP_NOFS); if (flex_gd->groups == NULL) goto out2; flex_gd->bg_flags = kmalloc_array(flexbg_size, sizeof(__u16), GFP_NOFS); if (flex_gd->bg_flags == NULL) goto out1; return flex_gd; out1: kfree(flex_gd->groups); out2: kfree(flex_gd); out3: return NULL; } static void free_flex_gd(struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd) { kfree(flex_gd->bg_flags); kfree(flex_gd->groups); kfree(flex_gd); } /* * ext4_alloc_group_tables() allocates block bitmaps, inode bitmaps * and inode tables for a flex group. * * This function is used by 64bit-resize. Note that this function allocates * group tables from the 1st group of groups contained by @flexgd, which may * be a partial of a flex group. * * @sb: super block of fs to which the groups belongs * * Returns 0 on a successful allocation of the metadata blocks in the * block group. */ static int ext4_alloc_group_tables(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd, int flexbg_size) { struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups; ext4_fsblk_t start_blk; ext4_fsblk_t last_blk; ext4_group_t src_group; ext4_group_t bb_index = 0; ext4_group_t ib_index = 0; ext4_group_t it_index = 0; ext4_group_t group; ext4_group_t last_group; unsigned overhead; __u16 uninit_mask = (flexbg_size > 1) ? ~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT : ~0; int i; BUG_ON(flex_gd->count == 0 || group_data == NULL); src_group = group_data[0].group; last_group = src_group + flex_gd->count - 1; BUG_ON((flexbg_size > 1) && ((src_group & ~(flexbg_size - 1)) != (last_group & ~(flexbg_size - 1)))); next_group: group = group_data[0].group; if (src_group >= group_data[0].group + flex_gd->count) return -ENOSPC; start_blk = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, src_group); last_blk = start_blk + group_data[src_group - group].blocks_count; overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, src_group); start_blk += overhead; /* We collect contiguous blocks as much as possible. */ src_group++; for (; src_group <= last_group; src_group++) { overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, src_group); if (overhead == 0) last_blk += group_data[src_group - group].blocks_count; else break; } /* Allocate block bitmaps */ for (; bb_index < flex_gd->count; bb_index++) { if (start_blk >= last_blk) goto next_group; group_data[bb_index].block_bitmap = start_blk++; group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, start_blk - 1); group -= group_data[0].group; group_data[group].mdata_blocks++; flex_gd->bg_flags[group] &= uninit_mask; } /* Allocate inode bitmaps */ for (; ib_index < flex_gd->count; ib_index++) { if (start_blk >= last_blk) goto next_group; group_data[ib_index].inode_bitmap = start_blk++; group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, start_blk - 1); group -= group_data[0].group; group_data[group].mdata_blocks++; flex_gd->bg_flags[group] &= uninit_mask; } /* Allocate inode tables */ for (; it_index < flex_gd->count; it_index++) { unsigned int itb = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group; ext4_fsblk_t next_group_start; if (start_blk + itb > last_blk) goto next_group; group_data[it_index].inode_table = start_blk; group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, start_blk); next_group_start = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group + 1); group -= group_data[0].group; if (start_blk + itb > next_group_start) { flex_gd->bg_flags[group + 1] &= uninit_mask; overhead = start_blk + itb - next_group_start; group_data[group + 1].mdata_blocks += overhead; itb -= overhead; } group_data[group].mdata_blocks += itb; flex_gd->bg_flags[group] &= uninit_mask; start_blk += EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group; } /* Update free clusters count to exclude metadata blocks */ for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) { group_data[i].free_clusters_count -= EXT4_NUM_B2C(EXT4_SB(sb), group_data[i].mdata_blocks); } if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) { int i; group = group_data[0].group; printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: adding a flex group with " "%d groups, flexbg size is %d:\n", flex_gd->count, flexbg_size); for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) { ext4_debug( "adding %s group %u: %u blocks (%d free, %d mdata blocks)\n", ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group + i) ? "normal" : "no-super", group + i, group_data[i].blocks_count, group_data[i].free_clusters_count, group_data[i].mdata_blocks); } } return 0; } static struct buffer_head *bclean(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { struct buffer_head *bh; int err; bh = sb_getblk(sb, blk); if (unlikely(!bh)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); if ((err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh))) { brelse(bh); bh = ERR_PTR(err); } else { memset(bh->b_data, 0, sb->s_blocksize); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } return bh; } static int ext4_resize_ensure_credits_batch(handle_t *handle, int credits) { return ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA, 0, 0); } /* * set_flexbg_block_bitmap() mark clusters [@first_cluster, @last_cluster] used. * * Helper function for ext4_setup_new_group_blocks() which set . * * @sb: super block * @handle: journal handle * @flex_gd: flex group data */ static int set_flexbg_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, handle_t *handle, struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd, ext4_fsblk_t first_cluster, ext4_fsblk_t last_cluster) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_group_t count = last_cluster - first_cluster + 1; ext4_group_t count2; ext4_debug("mark clusters [%llu-%llu] used\n", first_cluster, last_cluster); for (count2 = count; count > 0; count -= count2, first_cluster += count2) { ext4_fsblk_t start; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_group_t group; int err; group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, EXT4_C2B(sbi, first_cluster)); start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group)); group -= flex_gd->groups[0].group; count2 = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) - (first_cluster - start); if (count2 > count) count2 = count; if (flex_gd->bg_flags[group] & EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT) { BUG_ON(flex_gd->count > 1); continue; } err = ext4_resize_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1); if (err < 0) return err; bh = sb_getblk(sb, flex_gd->groups[group].block_bitmap); if (unlikely(!bh)) return -ENOMEM; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { brelse(bh); return err; } ext4_debug("mark block bitmap %#04llx (+%llu/%u)\n", first_cluster, first_cluster - start, count2); ext4_set_bits(bh->b_data, first_cluster - start, count2); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); brelse(bh); if (unlikely(err)) return err; } return 0; } /* * Set up the block and inode bitmaps, and the inode table for the new groups. * This doesn't need to be part of the main transaction, since we are only * changing blocks outside the actual filesystem. We still do journaling to * ensure the recovery is correct in case of a failure just after resize. * If any part of this fails, we simply abort the resize. * * setup_new_flex_group_blocks handles a flex group as follow: * 1. copy super block and GDT, and initialize group tables if necessary. * In this step, we only set bits in blocks bitmaps for blocks taken by * super block and GDT. * 2. allocate group tables in block bitmaps, that is, set bits in block * bitmap for blocks taken by group tables. */ static int setup_new_flex_group_blocks(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd) { int group_table_count[] = {1, 1, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group}; ext4_fsblk_t start; ext4_fsblk_t block; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups; __u16 *bg_flags = flex_gd->bg_flags; handle_t *handle; ext4_group_t group, count; struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; int reserved_gdb, i, j, err = 0, err2; int meta_bg; BUG_ON(!flex_gd->count || !group_data || group_data[0].group != sbi->s_groups_count); reserved_gdb = le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks); meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb); /* This transaction may be extended/restarted along the way */ handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); group = group_data[0].group; for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++, group++) { unsigned long gdblocks; ext4_grpblk_t overhead; gdblocks = ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, group); start = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group); if (meta_bg == 0 && !ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group)) goto handle_itb; if (meta_bg == 1) { ext4_group_t first_group; first_group = ext4_meta_bg_first_group(sb, group); if (first_group != group + 1 && first_group != group + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) goto handle_itb; } block = start + ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group); /* Copy all of the GDT blocks into the backup in this group */ for (j = 0; j < gdblocks; j++, block++) { struct buffer_head *gdb; ext4_debug("update backup group %#04llx\n", block); err = ext4_resize_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1); if (err < 0) goto out; gdb = sb_getblk(sb, block); if (unlikely(!gdb)) { err = -ENOMEM; goto out; } BUFFER_TRACE(gdb, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb); if (err) { brelse(gdb); goto out; } memcpy(gdb->b_data, sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_group_desc, j)->b_data, gdb->b_size); set_buffer_uptodate(gdb); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gdb); if (unlikely(err)) { brelse(gdb); goto out; } brelse(gdb); } /* Zero out all of the reserved backup group descriptor * table blocks */ if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group)) { err = sb_issue_zeroout(sb, gdblocks + start + 1, reserved_gdb, GFP_NOFS); if (err) goto out; } handle_itb: /* Initialize group tables of the grop @group */ if (!(bg_flags[i] & EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED)) goto handle_bb; /* Zero out all of the inode table blocks */ block = group_data[i].inode_table; ext4_debug("clear inode table blocks %#04llx -> %#04lx\n", block, sbi->s_itb_per_group); err = sb_issue_zeroout(sb, block, sbi->s_itb_per_group, GFP_NOFS); if (err) goto out; handle_bb: if (bg_flags[i] & EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT) goto handle_ib; /* Initialize block bitmap of the @group */ block = group_data[i].block_bitmap; err = ext4_resize_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1); if (err < 0) goto out; bh = bclean(handle, sb, block); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh); goto out; } overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, group); if (overhead != 0) { ext4_debug("mark backup superblock %#04llx (+0)\n", start); ext4_set_bits(bh->b_data, 0, EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, overhead)); } ext4_mark_bitmap_end(EXT4_B2C(sbi, group_data[i].blocks_count), sb->s_blocksize * 8, bh->b_data); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); brelse(bh); if (err) goto out; handle_ib: if (bg_flags[i] & EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT) continue; /* Initialize inode bitmap of the @group */ block = group_data[i].inode_bitmap; err = ext4_resize_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1); if (err < 0) goto out; /* Mark unused entries in inode bitmap used */ bh = bclean(handle, sb, block); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh); goto out; } ext4_mark_bitmap_end(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb), sb->s_blocksize * 8, bh->b_data); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); brelse(bh); if (err) goto out; } /* Mark group tables in block bitmap */ for (j = 0; j < GROUP_TABLE_COUNT; j++) { count = group_table_count[j]; start = (&group_data[0].block_bitmap)[j]; block = start; for (i = 1; i < flex_gd->count; i++) { block += group_table_count[j]; if (block == (&group_data[i].block_bitmap)[j]) { count += group_table_count[j]; continue; } err = set_flexbg_block_bitmap(sb, handle, flex_gd, EXT4_B2C(sbi, start), EXT4_B2C(sbi, start + count - 1)); if (err) goto out; count = group_table_count[j]; start = (&group_data[i].block_bitmap)[j]; block = start; } if (count) { err = set_flexbg_block_bitmap(sb, handle, flex_gd, EXT4_B2C(sbi, start), EXT4_B2C(sbi, start + count - 1)); if (err) goto out; } } out: err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err2 && !err) err = err2; return err; } /* * Iterate through the groups which hold BACKUP superblock/GDT copies in an * ext4 filesystem. The counters should be initialized to 1, 5, and 7 before * calling this for the first time. In a sparse filesystem it will be the * sequence of powers of 3, 5, and 7: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 25, 27, 49, 81, ... * For a non-sparse filesystem it will be every group: 1, 2, 3, 4, ... */ static unsigned ext4_list_backups(struct super_block *sb, unsigned *three, unsigned *five, unsigned *seven) { unsigned *min = three; int mult = 3; unsigned ret; if (!ext4_has_feature_sparse_super(sb)) { ret = *min; *min += 1; return ret; } if (*five < *min) { min = five; mult = 5; } if (*seven < *min) { min = seven; mult = 7; } ret = *min; *min *= mult; return ret; } /* * Check that all of the backup GDT blocks are held in the primary GDT block. * It is assumed that they are stored in group order. Returns the number of * groups in current filesystem that have BACKUPS, or -ve error code. */ static int verify_reserved_gdb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t end, struct buffer_head *primary) { const ext4_fsblk_t blk = primary->b_blocknr; unsigned three = 1; unsigned five = 5; unsigned seven = 7; unsigned grp; __le32 *p = (__le32 *)primary->b_data; int gdbackups = 0; while ((grp = ext4_list_backups(sb, &three, &five, &seven)) < end) { if (le32_to_cpu(*p++) != grp * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + blk){ ext4_warning(sb, "reserved GDT %llu" " missing grp %d (%llu)", blk, grp, grp * (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + blk); return -EINVAL; } if (++gdbackups > EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb)) return -EFBIG; } return gdbackups; } /* * Called when we need to bring a reserved group descriptor table block into * use from the resize inode. The primary copy of the new GDT block currently * is an indirect block (under the double indirect block in the resize inode). * The new backup GDT blocks will be stored as leaf blocks in this indirect * block, in group order. Even though we know all the block numbers we need, * we check to ensure that the resize inode has actually reserved these blocks. * * Don't need to update the block bitmaps because the blocks are still in use. * * We get all of the error cases out of the way, so that we are sure to not * fail once we start modifying the data on disk, because JBD has no rollback. */ static int add_new_gdb(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_group_t group) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; unsigned long gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); ext4_fsblk_t gdblock = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr + 1 + gdb_num; struct buffer_head **o_group_desc, **n_group_desc = NULL; struct buffer_head *dind = NULL; struct buffer_head *gdb_bh = NULL; int gdbackups; struct ext4_iloc iloc = { .bh = NULL }; __le32 *data; int err; if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: ext4_add_new_gdb: adding group block %lu\n", gdb_num); gdb_bh = ext4_sb_bread(sb, gdblock, 0); if (IS_ERR(gdb_bh)) return PTR_ERR(gdb_bh); gdbackups = verify_reserved_gdb(sb, group, gdb_bh); if (gdbackups < 0) { err = gdbackups; goto errout; } data = EXT4_I(inode)->i_data + EXT4_DIND_BLOCK; dind = ext4_sb_bread(sb, le32_to_cpu(*data), 0); if (IS_ERR(dind)) { err = PTR_ERR(dind); dind = NULL; goto errout; } data = (__le32 *)dind->b_data; if (le32_to_cpu(data[gdb_num % EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb)]) != gdblock) { ext4_warning(sb, "new group %u GDT block %llu not reserved", group, gdblock); err = -EINVAL; goto errout; } BUFFER_TRACE(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh); if (unlikely(err)) goto errout; BUFFER_TRACE(gdb_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb_bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto errout; BUFFER_TRACE(dind, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, dind); if (unlikely(err)) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto errout; } /* ext4_reserve_inode_write() gets a reference on the iloc */ err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); if (unlikely(err)) goto errout; n_group_desc = kvmalloc((gdb_num + 1) * sizeof(struct buffer_head *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!n_group_desc) { err = -ENOMEM; ext4_warning(sb, "not enough memory for %lu groups", gdb_num + 1); goto errout; } /* * Finally, we have all of the possible failures behind us... * * Remove new GDT block from inode double-indirect block and clear out * the new GDT block for use (which also "frees" the backup GDT blocks * from the reserved inode). We don't need to change the bitmaps for * these blocks, because they are marked as in-use from being in the * reserved inode, and will become GDT blocks (primary and backup). */ data[gdb_num % EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb)] = 0; err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, dind); if (unlikely(err)) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto errout; } inode->i_blocks -= (gdbackups + 1) * sb->s_blocksize >> (9 - EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits); ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); memset(gdb_bh->b_data, 0, sb->s_blocksize); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gdb_bh); if (unlikely(err)) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); iloc.bh = NULL; goto errout; } brelse(dind); rcu_read_lock(); o_group_desc = rcu_dereference(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc); memcpy(n_group_desc, o_group_desc, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count * sizeof(struct buffer_head *)); rcu_read_unlock(); n_group_desc[gdb_num] = gdb_bh; rcu_assign_pointer(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc, n_group_desc); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count++; ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(o_group_desc); le16_add_cpu(&es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks, -1); err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); if (err) ext4_std_error(sb, err); return err; errout: kvfree(n_group_desc); brelse(iloc.bh); brelse(dind); brelse(gdb_bh); ext4_debug("leaving with error %d\n", err); return err; } /* * add_new_gdb_meta_bg is the sister of add_new_gdb. */ static int add_new_gdb_meta_bg(struct super_block *sb, handle_t *handle, ext4_group_t group) { ext4_fsblk_t gdblock; struct buffer_head *gdb_bh; struct buffer_head **o_group_desc, **n_group_desc; unsigned long gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); int err; gdblock = ext4_meta_bg_first_block_no(sb, group) + ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group); gdb_bh = ext4_sb_bread(sb, gdblock, 0); if (IS_ERR(gdb_bh)) return PTR_ERR(gdb_bh); n_group_desc = kvmalloc((gdb_num + 1) * sizeof(struct buffer_head *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!n_group_desc) { brelse(gdb_bh); err = -ENOMEM; ext4_warning(sb, "not enough memory for %lu groups", gdb_num + 1); return err; } rcu_read_lock(); o_group_desc = rcu_dereference(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc); memcpy(n_group_desc, o_group_desc, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count * sizeof(struct buffer_head *)); rcu_read_unlock(); n_group_desc[gdb_num] = gdb_bh; BUFFER_TRACE(gdb_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb_bh); if (err) { kvfree(n_group_desc); brelse(gdb_bh); return err; } rcu_assign_pointer(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc, n_group_desc); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count++; ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(o_group_desc); return err; } /* * Called when we are adding a new group which has a backup copy of each of * the GDT blocks (i.e. sparse group) and there are reserved GDT blocks. * We need to add these reserved backup GDT blocks to the resize inode, so * that they are kept for future resizing and not allocated to files. * * Each reserved backup GDT block will go into a different indirect block. * The indirect blocks are actually the primary reserved GDT blocks, * so we know in advance what their block numbers are. We only get the * double-indirect block to verify it is pointing to the primary reserved * GDT blocks so we don't overwrite a data block by accident. The reserved * backup GDT blocks are stored in their reserved primary GDT block. */ static int reserve_backup_gdb(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_group_t group) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; int reserved_gdb =le16_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks); int cluster_bits = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits; struct buffer_head **primary; struct buffer_head *dind; struct ext4_iloc iloc; ext4_fsblk_t blk; __le32 *data, *end; int gdbackups = 0; int res, i; int err; primary = kmalloc_array(reserved_gdb, sizeof(*primary), GFP_NOFS); if (!primary) return -ENOMEM; data = EXT4_I(inode)->i_data + EXT4_DIND_BLOCK; dind = ext4_sb_bread(sb, le32_to_cpu(*data), 0); if (IS_ERR(dind)) { err = PTR_ERR(dind); dind = NULL; goto exit_free; } blk = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr + 1 + EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count; data = (__le32 *)dind->b_data + (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count % EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb)); end = (__le32 *)dind->b_data + EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb); /* Get each reserved primary GDT block and verify it holds backups */ for (res = 0; res < reserved_gdb; res++, blk++) { if (le32_to_cpu(*data) != blk) { ext4_warning(sb, "reserved block %llu" " not at offset %ld", blk, (long)(data - (__le32 *)dind->b_data)); err = -EINVAL; goto exit_bh; } primary[res] = ext4_sb_bread(sb, blk, 0); if (IS_ERR(primary[res])) { err = PTR_ERR(primary[res]); primary[res] = NULL; goto exit_bh; } gdbackups = verify_reserved_gdb(sb, group, primary[res]); if (gdbackups < 0) { brelse(primary[res]); err = gdbackups; goto exit_bh; } if (++data >= end) data = (__le32 *)dind->b_data; } for (i = 0; i < reserved_gdb; i++) { BUFFER_TRACE(primary[i], "get_write_access"); if ((err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, primary[i]))) goto exit_bh; } if ((err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc))) goto exit_bh; /* * Finally we can add each of the reserved backup GDT blocks from * the new group to its reserved primary GDT block. */ blk = group * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb); for (i = 0; i < reserved_gdb; i++) { int err2; data = (__le32 *)primary[i]->b_data; /* printk("reserving backup %lu[%u] = %lu\n", primary[i]->b_blocknr, gdbackups, blk + primary[i]->b_blocknr); */ data[gdbackups] = cpu_to_le32(blk + primary[i]->b_blocknr); err2 = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, primary[i]); if (!err) err = err2; } inode->i_blocks += reserved_gdb * sb->s_blocksize >> (9 - cluster_bits); ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); exit_bh: while (--res >= 0) brelse(primary[res]); brelse(dind); exit_free: kfree(primary); return err; } /* * Update the backup copies of the ext4 metadata. These don't need to be part * of the main resize transaction, because e2fsck will re-write them if there * is a problem (basically only OOM will cause a problem). However, we * _should_ update the backups if possible, in case the primary gets trashed * for some reason and we need to run e2fsck from a backup superblock. The * important part is that the new block and inode counts are in the backup * superblocks, and the location of the new group metadata in the GDT backups. * * We do not need take the s_resize_lock for this, because these * blocks are not otherwise touched by the filesystem code when it is * mounted. We don't need to worry about last changing from * sbi->s_groups_count, because the worst that can happen is that we * do not copy the full number of backups at this time. The resize * which changed s_groups_count will backup again. */ static void update_backups(struct super_block *sb, sector_t blk_off, char *data, int size, int meta_bg) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_group_t last; const int bpg = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb); unsigned three = 1; unsigned five = 5; unsigned seven = 7; ext4_group_t group = 0; int rest = sb->s_blocksize - size; handle_t *handle; int err = 0, err2; handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { group = 1; err = PTR_ERR(handle); goto exit_err; } if (meta_bg == 0) { group = ext4_list_backups(sb, &three, &five, &seven); last = sbi->s_groups_count; } else { group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, blk_off) + 1; last = (ext4_group_t)(group + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 2); } while (group < sbi->s_groups_count) { struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_fsblk_t backup_block; /* Out of journal space, and can't get more - abort - so sad */ err = ext4_resize_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1); if (err < 0) break; if (meta_bg == 0) backup_block = ((ext4_fsblk_t)group) * bpg + blk_off; else backup_block = (ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group) + ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group)); bh = sb_getblk(sb, backup_block); if (unlikely(!bh)) { err = -ENOMEM; break; } ext4_debug("update metadata backup %llu(+%llu)\n", backup_block, backup_block - ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group)); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); if ((err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh))) { brelse(bh); break; } lock_buffer(bh); memcpy(bh->b_data, data, size); if (rest) memset(bh->b_data + size, 0, rest); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); if (unlikely(err)) ext4_std_error(sb, err); brelse(bh); if (meta_bg == 0) group = ext4_list_backups(sb, &three, &five, &seven); else if (group == last) break; else group = last; } if ((err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle)) && !err) err = err2; /* * Ugh! Need to have e2fsck write the backup copies. It is too * late to revert the resize, we shouldn't fail just because of * the backup copies (they are only needed in case of corruption). * * However, if we got here we have a journal problem too, so we * can't really start a transaction to mark the superblock. * Chicken out and just set the flag on the hope it will be written * to disk, and if not - we will simply wait until next fsck. */ exit_err: if (err) { ext4_warning(sb, "can't update backup for group %u (err %d), " "forcing fsck on next reboot", group, err); sbi->s_mount_state &= ~EXT4_VALID_FS; sbi->s_es->s_state &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_VALID_FS); mark_buffer_dirty(sbi->s_sbh); } } /* * ext4_add_new_descs() adds @count group descriptor of groups * starting at @group * * @handle: journal handle * @sb: super block * @group: the group no. of the first group desc to be added * @resize_inode: the resize inode * @count: number of group descriptors to be added */ static int ext4_add_new_descs(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct inode *resize_inode, ext4_group_t count) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct buffer_head *gdb_bh; int i, gdb_off, gdb_num, err = 0; int meta_bg; meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb); for (i = 0; i < count; i++, group++) { int reserved_gdb = ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group) ? le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) : 0; gdb_off = group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); /* * We will only either add reserved group blocks to a backup group * or remove reserved blocks for the first group in a new group block. * Doing both would be mean more complex code, and sane people don't * use non-sparse filesystems anymore. This is already checked above. */ if (gdb_off) { gdb_bh = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_group_desc, gdb_num); BUFFER_TRACE(gdb_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb_bh); if (!err && reserved_gdb && ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, group)) err = reserve_backup_gdb(handle, resize_inode, group); } else if (meta_bg != 0) { err = add_new_gdb_meta_bg(sb, handle, group); } else { err = add_new_gdb(handle, resize_inode, group); } if (err) break; } return err; } static struct buffer_head *ext4_get_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, __u64 block) { struct buffer_head *bh = sb_getblk(sb, block); if (unlikely(!bh)) return NULL; if (!bh_uptodate_or_lock(bh)) { if (ext4_read_bh(bh, 0, NULL) < 0) { brelse(bh); return NULL; } } return bh; } static int ext4_set_bitmap_checksums(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data) { struct buffer_head *bh; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return 0; bh = ext4_get_bitmap(sb, group_data->inode_bitmap); if (!bh) return -EIO; ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, bh, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8); brelse(bh); bh = ext4_get_bitmap(sb, group_data->block_bitmap); if (!bh) return -EIO; ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, bh); brelse(bh); return 0; } /* * ext4_setup_new_descs() will set up the group descriptor descriptors of a flex bg */ static int ext4_setup_new_descs(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd) { struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct buffer_head *gdb_bh; ext4_group_t group; __u16 *bg_flags = flex_gd->bg_flags; int i, gdb_off, gdb_num, err = 0; for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++, group_data++, bg_flags++) { group = group_data->group; gdb_off = group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); /* * get_write_access() has been called on gdb_bh by ext4_add_new_desc(). */ gdb_bh = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_group_desc, gdb_num); /* Update group descriptor block for new group */ gdp = (struct ext4_group_desc *)(gdb_bh->b_data + gdb_off * EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb)); memset(gdp, 0, EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb)); ext4_block_bitmap_set(sb, gdp, group_data->block_bitmap); ext4_inode_bitmap_set(sb, gdp, group_data->inode_bitmap); err = ext4_set_bitmap_checksums(sb, group, gdp, group_data); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); break; } ext4_inode_table_set(sb, gdp, group_data->inode_table); ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, group_data->free_clusters_count); ext4_free_inodes_set(sb, gdp, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) ext4_itable_unused_set(sb, gdp, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)); gdp->bg_flags = cpu_to_le16(*bg_flags); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gdb_bh); if (unlikely(err)) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); break; } /* * We can allocate memory for mb_alloc based on the new group * descriptor */ err = ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(sb, group, gdp); if (err) break; } return err; } /* * ext4_update_super() updates the super block so that the newly added * groups can be seen by the filesystem. * * @sb: super block * @flex_gd: new added groups */ static void ext4_update_super(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd) { ext4_fsblk_t blocks_count = 0; ext4_fsblk_t free_blocks = 0; ext4_fsblk_t reserved_blocks = 0; struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; int i; BUG_ON(flex_gd->count == 0 || group_data == NULL); /* * Make the new blocks and inodes valid next. We do this before * increasing the group count so that once the group is enabled, * all of its blocks and inodes are already valid. * * We always allocate group-by-group, then block-by-block or * inode-by-inode within a group, so enabling these * blocks/inodes before the group is live won't actually let us * allocate the new space yet. */ for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) { blocks_count += group_data[i].blocks_count; free_blocks += EXT4_C2B(sbi, group_data[i].free_clusters_count); } reserved_blocks = ext4_r_blocks_count(es) * 100; reserved_blocks = div64_u64(reserved_blocks, ext4_blocks_count(es)); reserved_blocks *= blocks_count; do_div(reserved_blocks, 100); ext4_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_blocks_count(es) + blocks_count); ext4_free_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_free_blocks_count(es) + free_blocks); le32_add_cpu(&es->s_inodes_count, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) * flex_gd->count); le32_add_cpu(&es->s_free_inodes_count, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) * flex_gd->count); ext4_debug("free blocks count %llu", ext4_free_blocks_count(es)); /* * We need to protect s_groups_count against other CPUs seeing * inconsistent state in the superblock. * * The precise rules we use are: * * * Writers must perform a smp_wmb() after updating all * dependent data and before modifying the groups count * * * Readers must perform an smp_rmb() after reading the groups * count and before reading any dependent data. * * NB. These rules can be relaxed when checking the group count * while freeing data, as we can only allocate from a block * group after serialising against the group count, and we can * only then free after serialising in turn against that * allocation. */ smp_wmb(); /* Update the global fs size fields */ sbi->s_groups_count += flex_gd->count; sbi->s_blockfile_groups = min_t(ext4_group_t, sbi->s_groups_count, (EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS / EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb))); /* Update the reserved block counts only once the new group is * active. */ ext4_r_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_r_blocks_count(es) + reserved_blocks); /* Update the free space counts */ percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, free_blocks)); percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) * flex_gd->count); ext4_debug("free blocks count %llu", percpu_counter_read(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter)); if (ext4_has_feature_flex_bg(sb) && sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { ext4_group_t flex_group; struct flex_groups *fg; flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, group_data[0].group); fg = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group); atomic64_add(EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, free_blocks), &fg->free_clusters); atomic_add(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) * flex_gd->count, &fg->free_inodes); } /* * Update the fs overhead information */ ext4_calculate_overhead(sb); if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: added group %u:" "%llu blocks(%llu free %llu reserved)\n", flex_gd->count, blocks_count, free_blocks, reserved_blocks); } /* Add a flex group to an fs. Ensure we handle all possible error conditions * _before_ we start modifying the filesystem, because we cannot abort the * transaction and not have it write the data to disk. */ static int ext4_flex_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *resize_inode, struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count; ext4_grpblk_t last; ext4_group_t group; handle_t *handle; unsigned reserved_gdb; int err = 0, err2 = 0, credit; BUG_ON(!flex_gd->count || !flex_gd->groups || !flex_gd->bg_flags); reserved_gdb = le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks); o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &group, &last); BUG_ON(last); err = setup_new_flex_group_blocks(sb, flex_gd); if (err) goto exit; /* * We will always be modifying at least the superblock and GDT * blocks. If we are adding a group past the last current GDT block, * we will also modify the inode and the dindirect block. If we * are adding a group with superblock/GDT backups we will also * modify each of the reserved GDT dindirect blocks. */ credit = 3; /* sb, resize inode, resize inode dindirect */ /* GDT blocks */ credit += 1 + DIV_ROUND_UP(flex_gd->count, EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)); credit += reserved_gdb; /* Reserved GDT dindirect blocks */ handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, credit); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); goto exit; } BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) goto exit_journal; group = flex_gd->groups[0].group; BUG_ON(group != sbi->s_groups_count); err = ext4_add_new_descs(handle, sb, group, resize_inode, flex_gd->count); if (err) goto exit_journal; err = ext4_setup_new_descs(handle, sb, flex_gd); if (err) goto exit_journal; ext4_update_super(sb, flex_gd); err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); exit_journal: err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!err) err = err2; if (!err) { int gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); int gdb_num_end = ((group + flex_gd->count - 1) / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)); int meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb); sector_t old_gdb = 0; update_backups(sb, sbi->s_sbh->b_blocknr, (char *)es, sizeof(struct ext4_super_block), 0); for (; gdb_num <= gdb_num_end; gdb_num++) { struct buffer_head *gdb_bh; gdb_bh = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_group_desc, gdb_num); if (old_gdb == gdb_bh->b_blocknr) continue; update_backups(sb, gdb_bh->b_blocknr, gdb_bh->b_data, gdb_bh->b_size, meta_bg); old_gdb = gdb_bh->b_blocknr; } } exit: return err; } static int ext4_setup_next_flex_gd(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count, unsigned long flexbg_size) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups; ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count; ext4_group_t n_group; ext4_group_t group; ext4_group_t last_group; ext4_grpblk_t last; ext4_grpblk_t clusters_per_group; unsigned long i; clusters_per_group = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb); o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es); if (o_blocks_count == n_blocks_count) return 0; ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &group, &last); BUG_ON(last); ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, n_blocks_count - 1, &n_group, &last); last_group = group | (flexbg_size - 1); if (last_group > n_group) last_group = n_group; flex_gd->count = last_group - group + 1; for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) { int overhead; group_data[i].group = group + i; group_data[i].blocks_count = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb); overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, group + i); group_data[i].mdata_blocks = overhead; group_data[i].free_clusters_count = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) { flex_gd->bg_flags[i] = EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT | EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT; if (!test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE)) flex_gd->bg_flags[i] |= EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED; } else flex_gd->bg_flags[i] = EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED; } if (last_group == n_group && ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) /* We need to initialize block bitmap of last group. */ flex_gd->bg_flags[i - 1] &= ~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT; if ((last_group == n_group) && (last != clusters_per_group - 1)) { group_data[i - 1].blocks_count = EXT4_C2B(sbi, last + 1); group_data[i - 1].free_clusters_count -= clusters_per_group - last - 1; } return 1; } /* Add group descriptor data to an existing or new group descriptor block. * Ensure we handle all possible error conditions _before_ we start modifying * the filesystem, because we cannot abort the transaction and not have it * write the data to disk. * * If we are on a GDT block boundary, we need to get the reserved GDT block. * Otherwise, we may need to add backup GDT blocks for a sparse group. * * We only need to hold the superblock lock while we are actually adding * in the new group's counts to the superblock. Prior to that we have * not really "added" the group at all. We re-check that we are still * adding in the last group in case things have changed since verifying. */ int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input) { struct ext4_new_flex_group_data flex_gd; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; int reserved_gdb = ext4_bg_has_super(sb, input->group) ? le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) : 0; struct inode *inode = NULL; int gdb_off; int err; __u16 bg_flags = 0; gdb_off = input->group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); if (gdb_off == 0 && !ext4_has_feature_sparse_super(sb)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Can't resize non-sparse filesystem further"); return -EPERM; } if (ext4_blocks_count(es) + input->blocks_count < ext4_blocks_count(es)) { ext4_warning(sb, "blocks_count overflow"); return -EINVAL; } if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count) + EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) < le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count)) { ext4_warning(sb, "inodes_count overflow"); return -EINVAL; } if (reserved_gdb || gdb_off == 0) { if (!ext4_has_feature_resize_inode(sb) || !le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks)) { ext4_warning(sb, "No reserved GDT blocks, can't resize"); return -EPERM; } inode = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_RESIZE_INO, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Error opening resize inode"); return PTR_ERR(inode); } } err = verify_group_input(sb, input); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(sb, input->group + 1); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(sb, input->group + 1); if (err) goto out; flex_gd.count = 1; flex_gd.groups = input; flex_gd.bg_flags = &bg_flags; err = ext4_flex_group_add(sb, inode, &flex_gd); out: iput(inode); return err; } /* ext4_group_add */ /* * extend a group without checking assuming that checking has been done. */ static int ext4_group_extend_no_check(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count, ext4_grpblk_t add) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; handle_t *handle; int err = 0, err2; /* We will update the superblock, one block bitmap, and * one group descriptor via ext4_group_add_blocks(). */ handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, 3); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_warning(sb, "error %d on journal start", err); return err; } BUFFER_TRACE(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh); if (err) { ext4_warning(sb, "error %d on journal write access", err); goto errout; } ext4_blocks_count_set(es, o_blocks_count + add); ext4_free_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_free_blocks_count(es) + add); ext4_debug("freeing blocks %llu through %llu\n", o_blocks_count, o_blocks_count + add); /* We add the blocks to the bitmap and set the group need init bit */ err = ext4_group_add_blocks(handle, sb, o_blocks_count, add); if (err) goto errout; ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); ext4_debug("freed blocks %llu through %llu\n", o_blocks_count, o_blocks_count + add); errout: err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err2 && !err) err = err2; if (!err) { if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: extended group to %llu " "blocks\n", ext4_blocks_count(es)); update_backups(sb, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr, (char *)es, sizeof(struct ext4_super_block), 0); } return err; } /* * Extend the filesystem to the new number of blocks specified. This entry * point is only used to extend the current filesystem to the end of the last * existing group. It can be accessed via ioctl, or by "remount,resize=<size>" * for emergencies (because it has no dependencies on reserved blocks). * * If we _really_ wanted, we could use default values to call ext4_group_add() * allow the "remount" trick to work for arbitrary resizing, assuming enough * GDT blocks are reserved to grow to the desired size. */ int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count) { ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count; ext4_grpblk_t last; ext4_grpblk_t add; struct buffer_head *bh; int err; ext4_group_t group; o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es); if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG, "extending last group from %llu to %llu blocks", o_blocks_count, n_blocks_count); if (n_blocks_count == 0 || n_blocks_count == o_blocks_count) return 0; if (n_blocks_count > (sector_t)(~0ULL) >> (sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "filesystem too large to resize to %llu blocks safely", n_blocks_count); return -EINVAL; } if (n_blocks_count < o_blocks_count) { ext4_warning(sb, "can't shrink FS - resize aborted"); return -EINVAL; } /* Handle the remaining blocks in the last group only. */ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &group, &last); if (last == 0) { ext4_warning(sb, "need to use ext2online to resize further"); return -EPERM; } add = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - last; if (o_blocks_count + add < o_blocks_count) { ext4_warning(sb, "blocks_count overflow"); return -EINVAL; } if (o_blocks_count + add > n_blocks_count) add = n_blocks_count - o_blocks_count; if (o_blocks_count + add < n_blocks_count) ext4_warning(sb, "will only finish group (%llu blocks, %u new)", o_blocks_count + add, add); /* See if the device is actually as big as what was requested */ bh = ext4_sb_bread(sb, o_blocks_count + add - 1, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ext4_warning(sb, "can't read last block, resize aborted"); return -ENOSPC; } brelse(bh); err = ext4_group_extend_no_check(sb, o_blocks_count, add); return err; } /* ext4_group_extend */ static int num_desc_blocks(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t groups) { return (groups + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); } /* * Release the resize inode and drop the resize_inode feature if there * are no more reserved gdt blocks, and then convert the file system * to enable meta_bg */ static int ext4_convert_meta_bg(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode) { handle_t *handle; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); ext4_fsblk_t nr; int i, ret, err = 0; int credits = 1; ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Converting file system to meta_bg"); if (inode) { if (es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) { ext4_error(sb, "Unexpected non-zero " "s_reserved_gdt_blocks"); return -EPERM; } /* Do a quick sanity check of the resize inode */ if (inode->i_blocks != 1 << (inode->i_blkbits - (9 - sbi->s_cluster_bits))) goto invalid_resize_inode; for (i = 0; i < EXT4_N_BLOCKS; i++) { if (i == EXT4_DIND_BLOCK) { if (ei->i_data[i]) continue; else goto invalid_resize_inode; } if (ei->i_data[i]) goto invalid_resize_inode; } credits += 3; /* block bitmap, bg descriptor, resize inode */ } handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) goto errout; ext4_clear_feature_resize_inode(sb); ext4_set_feature_meta_bg(sb); sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg = cpu_to_le32(num_desc_blocks(sb, sbi->s_groups_count)); err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto errout; } if (inode) { nr = le32_to_cpu(ei->i_data[EXT4_DIND_BLOCK]); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, nr, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); ei->i_data[EXT4_DIND_BLOCK] = 0; inode->i_blocks = 0; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err) ext4_std_error(sb, err); } errout: ret = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!err) err = ret; return ret; invalid_resize_inode: ext4_error(sb, "corrupted/inconsistent resize inode"); return -EINVAL; } /* * ext4_resize_fs() resizes a fs to new size specified by @n_blocks_count * * @sb: super block of the fs to be resized * @n_blocks_count: the number of blocks resides in the resized fs */ int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count) { struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd = NULL; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct buffer_head *bh; struct inode *resize_inode = NULL; ext4_grpblk_t add, offset; unsigned long n_desc_blocks; unsigned long o_desc_blocks; ext4_group_t o_group; ext4_group_t n_group; ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count; ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count_retry = 0; unsigned long last_update_time = 0; int err = 0, flexbg_size = 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; int meta_bg; /* See if the device is actually as big as what was requested */ bh = ext4_sb_bread(sb, n_blocks_count - 1, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ext4_warning(sb, "can't read last block, resize aborted"); return -ENOSPC; } brelse(bh); retry: o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "resizing filesystem from %llu " "to %llu blocks", o_blocks_count, n_blocks_count); if (n_blocks_count < o_blocks_count) { /* On-line shrinking not supported */ ext4_warning(sb, "can't shrink FS - resize aborted"); return -EINVAL; } if (n_blocks_count == o_blocks_count) /* Nothing need to do */ return 0; n_group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, n_blocks_count - 1); if (n_group >= (0xFFFFFFFFUL / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb))) { ext4_warning(sb, "resize would cause inodes_count overflow"); return -EINVAL; } ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count - 1, &o_group, &offset); n_desc_blocks = num_desc_blocks(sb, n_group + 1); o_desc_blocks = num_desc_blocks(sb, sbi->s_groups_count); meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb); if (ext4_has_feature_resize_inode(sb)) { if (meta_bg) { ext4_error(sb, "resize_inode and meta_bg enabled " "simultaneously"); return -EINVAL; } if (n_desc_blocks > o_desc_blocks + le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks)) { n_blocks_count_retry = n_blocks_count; n_desc_blocks = o_desc_blocks + le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks); n_group = n_desc_blocks * EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); n_blocks_count = (ext4_fsblk_t)n_group * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block); n_group--; /* set to last group number */ } if (!resize_inode) resize_inode = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_RESIZE_INO, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL); if (IS_ERR(resize_inode)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Error opening resize inode"); return PTR_ERR(resize_inode); } } if ((!resize_inode && !meta_bg) || n_blocks_count == o_blocks_count) { err = ext4_convert_meta_bg(sb, resize_inode); if (err) goto out; if (resize_inode) { iput(resize_inode); resize_inode = NULL; } if (n_blocks_count_retry) { n_blocks_count = n_blocks_count_retry; n_blocks_count_retry = 0; goto retry; } } /* * Make sure the last group has enough space so that it's * guaranteed to have enough space for all metadata blocks * that it might need to hold. (We might not need to store * the inode table blocks in the last block group, but there * will be cases where this might be needed.) */ if ((ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, n_group) + ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, n_group) + 2 + sbi->s_itb_per_group + sbi->s_cluster_ratio) >= n_blocks_count) { n_blocks_count = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, n_group); n_group--; n_blocks_count_retry = 0; if (resize_inode) { iput(resize_inode); resize_inode = NULL; } goto retry; } /* extend the last group */ if (n_group == o_group) add = n_blocks_count - o_blocks_count; else add = EXT4_C2B(sbi, EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) - (offset + 1)); if (add > 0) { err = ext4_group_extend_no_check(sb, o_blocks_count, add); if (err) goto out; } if (ext4_blocks_count(es) == n_blocks_count) goto out; err = ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(sb, n_group + 1); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(sb, n_group + 1); if (err) goto out; flex_gd = alloc_flex_gd(flexbg_size); if (flex_gd == NULL) { err = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Add flex groups. Note that a regular group is a * flex group with 1 group. */ while (ext4_setup_next_flex_gd(sb, flex_gd, n_blocks_count, flexbg_size)) { if (jiffies - last_update_time > HZ * 10) { if (last_update_time) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "resized to %llu blocks", ext4_blocks_count(es)); last_update_time = jiffies; } if (ext4_alloc_group_tables(sb, flex_gd, flexbg_size) != 0) break; err = ext4_flex_group_add(sb, resize_inode, flex_gd); if (unlikely(err)) break; } if (!err && n_blocks_count_retry) { n_blocks_count = n_blocks_count_retry; n_blocks_count_retry = 0; free_flex_gd(flex_gd); flex_gd = NULL; if (resize_inode) { iput(resize_inode); resize_inode = NULL; } goto retry; } out: if (flex_gd) free_flex_gd(flex_gd); if (resize_inode != NULL) iput(resize_inode); if (err) ext4_warning(sb, "error (%d) occurred during " "file system resize", err); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "resized filesystem to %llu", ext4_blocks_count(es)); return err; }
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1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * fs/libfs.c * Library for filesystems writers. */ #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/vfs.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* sync_mapping_buffers */ #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/pseudo_fs.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/unicode.h> #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" int simple_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); generic_fillattr(inode, stat); stat->blocks = inode->i_mapping->nrpages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_getattr); int simple_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf) { buf->f_type = dentry->d_sb->s_magic; buf->f_bsize = PAGE_SIZE; buf->f_namelen = NAME_MAX; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_statfs); /* * Retaining negative dentries for an in-memory filesystem just wastes * memory and lookup time: arrange for them to be deleted immediately. */ int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *dentry) { return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(always_delete_dentry); const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations = { .d_delete = always_delete_dentry, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_dentry_operations); /* * Lookup the data. This is trivial - if the dentry didn't already * exist, we know it is negative. Set d_op to delete negative dentries. */ struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { if (dentry->d_name.len > NAME_MAX) return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); if (!dentry->d_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(dentry, &simple_dentry_operations); d_add(dentry, NULL); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_lookup); int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { file->private_data = d_alloc_cursor(file->f_path.dentry); return file->private_data ? 0 : -ENOMEM; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_dir_open); int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { dput(file->private_data); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_dir_close); /* parent is locked at least shared */ /* * Returns an element of siblings' list. * We are looking for <count>th positive after <p>; if * found, dentry is grabbed and returned to caller. * If no such element exists, NULL is returned. */ static struct dentry *scan_positives(struct dentry *cursor, struct list_head *p, loff_t count, struct dentry *last) { struct dentry *dentry = cursor->d_parent, *found = NULL; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); while ((p = p->next) != &dentry->d_subdirs) { struct dentry *d = list_entry(p, struct dentry, d_child); // we must at least skip cursors, to avoid livelocks if (d->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR) continue; if (simple_positive(d) && !--count) { spin_lock_nested(&d->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (simple_positive(d)) found = dget_dlock(d); spin_unlock(&d->d_lock); if (likely(found)) break; count = 1; } if (need_resched()) { list_move(&cursor->d_child, p); p = &cursor->d_child; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); cond_resched(); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); } } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(last); return found; } loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; switch (whence) { case 1: offset += file->f_pos; fallthrough; case 0: if (offset >= 0) break; fallthrough; default: return -EINVAL; } if (offset != file->f_pos) { struct dentry *cursor = file->private_data; struct dentry *to = NULL; inode_lock_shared(dentry->d_inode); if (offset > 2) to = scan_positives(cursor, &dentry->d_subdirs, offset - 2, NULL); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (to) list_move(&cursor->d_child, &to->d_child); else list_del_init(&cursor->d_child); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(to); file->f_pos = offset; inode_unlock_shared(dentry->d_inode); } return offset; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_dir_lseek); /* Relationship between i_mode and the DT_xxx types */ static inline unsigned char dt_type(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode >> 12) & 15; } /* * Directory is locked and all positive dentries in it are safe, since * for ramfs-type trees they can't go away without unlink() or rmdir(), * both impossible due to the lock on directory. */ int dcache_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct dentry *cursor = file->private_data; struct list_head *anchor = &dentry->d_subdirs; struct dentry *next = NULL; struct list_head *p; if (!dir_emit_dots(file, ctx)) return 0; if (ctx->pos == 2) p = anchor; else if (!list_empty(&cursor->d_child)) p = &cursor->d_child; else return 0; while ((next = scan_positives(cursor, p, 1, next)) != NULL) { if (!dir_emit(ctx, next->d_name.name, next->d_name.len, d_inode(next)->i_ino, dt_type(d_inode(next)))) break; ctx->pos++; p = &next->d_child; } spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (next) list_move_tail(&cursor->d_child, &next->d_child); else list_del_init(&cursor->d_child); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(next); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_readdir); ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *filp, char __user *buf, size_t siz, loff_t *ppos) { return -EISDIR; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_read_dir); const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations = { .open = dcache_dir_open, .release = dcache_dir_close, .llseek = dcache_dir_lseek, .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = dcache_readdir, .fsync = noop_fsync, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_dir_operations); const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations = { .lookup = simple_lookup, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_dir_inode_operations); static struct dentry *find_next_child(struct dentry *parent, struct dentry *prev) { struct dentry *child = NULL; struct list_head *p = prev ? &prev->d_child : &parent->d_subdirs; spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); while ((p = p->next) != &parent->d_subdirs) { struct dentry *d = container_of(p, struct dentry, d_child); if (simple_positive(d)) { spin_lock_nested(&d->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (simple_positive(d)) child = dget_dlock(d); spin_unlock(&d->d_lock); if (likely(child)) break; } } spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); dput(prev); return child; } void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *dentry, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)) { struct dentry *this = dget(dentry); while (true) { struct dentry *victim = NULL, *child; struct inode *inode = this->d_inode; inode_lock(inode); if (d_is_dir(this)) inode->i_flags |= S_DEAD; while ((child = find_next_child(this, victim)) == NULL) { // kill and ascend // update metadata while it's still locked inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); clear_nlink(inode); inode_unlock(inode); victim = this; this = this->d_parent; inode = this->d_inode; inode_lock(inode); if (simple_positive(victim)) { d_invalidate(victim); // avoid lost mounts if (d_is_dir(victim)) fsnotify_rmdir(inode, victim); else fsnotify_unlink(inode, victim); if (callback) callback(victim); dput(victim); // unpin it } if (victim == dentry) { inode->i_ctime = inode->i_mtime = current_time(inode); if (d_is_dir(dentry)) drop_nlink(inode); inode_unlock(inode); dput(dentry); return; } } inode_unlock(inode); this = child; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_recursive_removal); static const struct super_operations simple_super_operations = { .statfs = simple_statfs, }; static int pseudo_fs_fill_super(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc) { struct pseudo_fs_context *ctx = fc->fs_private; struct inode *root; s->s_maxbytes = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; s->s_blocksize = PAGE_SIZE; s->s_blocksize_bits = PAGE_SHIFT; s->s_magic = ctx->magic; s->s_op = ctx->ops ?: &simple_super_operations; s->s_xattr = ctx->xattr; s->s_time_gran = 1; root = new_inode(s); if (!root) return -ENOMEM; /* * since this is the first inode, make it number 1. New inodes created * after this must take care not to collide with it (by passing * max_reserved of 1 to iunique). */ root->i_ino = 1; root->i_mode = S_IFDIR | S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR; root->i_atime = root->i_mtime = root->i_ctime = current_time(root); s->s_root = d_make_root(root); if (!s->s_root) return -ENOMEM; s->s_d_op = ctx->dops; return 0; } static int pseudo_fs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { return get_tree_nodev(fc, pseudo_fs_fill_super); } static void pseudo_fs_free(struct fs_context *fc) { kfree(fc->fs_private); } static const struct fs_context_operations pseudo_fs_context_ops = { .free = pseudo_fs_free, .get_tree = pseudo_fs_get_tree, }; /* * Common helper for pseudo-filesystems (sockfs, pipefs, bdev - stuff that * will never be mountable) */ struct pseudo_fs_context *init_pseudo(struct fs_context *fc, unsigned long magic) { struct pseudo_fs_context *ctx; ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pseudo_fs_context), GFP_KERNEL); if (likely(ctx)) { ctx->magic = magic; fc->fs_private = ctx; fc->ops = &pseudo_fs_context_ops; fc->sb_flags |= SB_NOUSER; fc->global = true; } return ctx; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(init_pseudo); int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { if (inode->i_private) file->private_data = inode->i_private; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_open); int simple_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(old_dentry); inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(inode); inc_nlink(inode); ihold(inode); dget(dentry); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_link); int simple_empty(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *child; int ret = 0; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); list_for_each_entry(child, &dentry->d_subdirs, d_child) { spin_lock_nested(&child->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (simple_positive(child)) { spin_unlock(&child->d_lock); goto out; } spin_unlock(&child->d_lock); } ret = 1; out: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_empty); int simple_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(inode); drop_nlink(inode); dput(dentry); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_unlink); int simple_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { if (!simple_empty(dentry)) return -ENOTEMPTY; drop_nlink(d_inode(dentry)); simple_unlink(dir, dentry); drop_nlink(dir); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_rmdir); int simple_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(old_dentry); int they_are_dirs = d_is_dir(old_dentry); if (flags & ~RENAME_NOREPLACE) return -EINVAL; if (!simple_empty(new_dentry)) return -ENOTEMPTY; if (d_really_is_positive(new_dentry)) { simple_unlink(new_dir, new_dentry); if (they_are_dirs) { drop_nlink(d_inode(new_dentry)); drop_nlink(old_dir); } } else if (they_are_dirs) { drop_nlink(old_dir); inc_nlink(new_dir); } old_dir->i_ctime = old_dir->i_mtime = new_dir->i_ctime = new_dir->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(old_dir); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_rename); /** * simple_setattr - setattr for simple filesystem * @dentry: dentry * @iattr: iattr structure * * Returns 0 on success, -error on failure. * * simple_setattr is a simple ->setattr implementation without a proper * implementation of size changes. * * It can either be used for in-memory filesystems or special files * on simple regular filesystems. Anything that needs to change on-disk * or wire state on size changes needs its own setattr method. */ int simple_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); int error; error = setattr_prepare(dentry, iattr); if (error) return error; if (iattr->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) truncate_setsize(inode, iattr->ia_size); setattr_copy(inode, iattr); mark_inode_dirty(inode); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_setattr); int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page) { clear_highpage(page); flush_dcache_page(page); SetPageUptodate(page); unlock_page(page); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_readpage); int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata) { struct page *page; pgoff_t index; index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, index, flags); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; *pagep = page; if (!PageUptodate(page) && (len != PAGE_SIZE)) { unsigned from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); zero_user_segments(page, 0, from, from + len, PAGE_SIZE); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_write_begin); /** * simple_write_end - .write_end helper for non-block-device FSes * @file: See .write_end of address_space_operations * @mapping: " * @pos: " * @len: " * @copied: " * @page: " * @fsdata: " * * simple_write_end does the minimum needed for updating a page after writing is * done. It has the same API signature as the .write_end of * address_space_operations vector. So it can just be set onto .write_end for * FSes that don't need any other processing. i_mutex is assumed to be held. * Block based filesystems should use generic_write_end(). * NOTE: Even though i_size might get updated by this function, mark_inode_dirty * is not called, so a filesystem that actually does store data in .write_inode * should extend on what's done here with a call to mark_inode_dirty() in the * case that i_size has changed. * * Use *ONLY* with simple_readpage() */ int simple_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; loff_t last_pos = pos + copied; /* zero the stale part of the page if we did a short copy */ if (!PageUptodate(page)) { if (copied < len) { unsigned from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); zero_user(page, from + copied, len - copied); } SetPageUptodate(page); } /* * No need to use i_size_read() here, the i_size * cannot change under us because we hold the i_mutex. */ if (last_pos > inode->i_size) i_size_write(inode, last_pos); set_page_dirty(page); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); return copied; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_write_end); /* * the inodes created here are not hashed. If you use iunique to generate * unique inode values later for this filesystem, then you must take care * to pass it an appropriate max_reserved value to avoid collisions. */ int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *s, unsigned long magic, const struct tree_descr *files) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *root; struct dentry *dentry; int i; s->s_blocksize = PAGE_SIZE; s->s_blocksize_bits = PAGE_SHIFT; s->s_magic = magic; s->s_op = &simple_super_operations; s->s_time_gran = 1; inode = new_inode(s); if (!inode) return -ENOMEM; /* * because the root inode is 1, the files array must not contain an * entry at index 1 */ inode->i_ino = 1; inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR | 0755; inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations; set_nlink(inode, 2); root = d_make_root(inode); if (!root) return -ENOMEM; for (i = 0; !files->name || files->name[0]; i++, files++) { if (!files->name) continue; /* warn if it tries to conflict with the root inode */ if (unlikely(i == 1)) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: %s passed in a files array" "with an index of 1!\n", __func__, s->s_type->name); dentry = d_alloc_name(root, files->name); if (!dentry) goto out; inode = new_inode(s); if (!inode) { dput(dentry); goto out; } inode->i_mode = S_IFREG | files->mode; inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); inode->i_fop = files->ops; inode->i_ino = i; d_add(dentry, inode); } s->s_root = root; return 0; out: d_genocide(root); shrink_dcache_parent(root); dput(root); return -ENOMEM; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_fill_super); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pin_fs_lock); int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *type, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count) { struct vfsmount *mnt = NULL; spin_lock(&pin_fs_lock); if (unlikely(!*mount)) { spin_unlock(&pin_fs_lock); mnt = vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_KERNMOUNT, type->name, NULL); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) return PTR_ERR(mnt); spin_lock(&pin_fs_lock); if (!*mount) *mount = mnt; } mntget(*mount); ++*count; spin_unlock(&pin_fs_lock); mntput(mnt); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_pin_fs); void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count) { struct vfsmount *mnt; spin_lock(&pin_fs_lock); mnt = *mount; if (!--*count) *mount = NULL; spin_unlock(&pin_fs_lock); mntput(mnt); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_release_fs); /** * simple_read_from_buffer - copy data from the buffer to user space * @to: the user space buffer to read to * @count: the maximum number of bytes to read * @ppos: the current position in the buffer * @from: the buffer to read from * @available: the size of the buffer * * The simple_read_from_buffer() function reads up to @count bytes from the * buffer @from at offset @ppos into the user space address starting at @to. * * On success, the number of bytes read is returned and the offset @ppos is * advanced by this number, or negative value is returned on error. **/ ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available) { loff_t pos = *ppos; size_t ret; if (pos < 0) return -EINVAL; if (pos >= available || !count) return 0; if (count > available - pos) count = available - pos; ret = copy_to_user(to, from + pos, count); if (ret == count) return -EFAULT; count -= ret; *ppos = pos + count; return count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_read_from_buffer); /** * simple_write_to_buffer - copy data from user space to the buffer * @to: the buffer to write to * @available: the size of the buffer * @ppos: the current position in the buffer * @from: the user space buffer to read from * @count: the maximum number of bytes to read * * The simple_write_to_buffer() function reads up to @count bytes from the user * space address starting at @from into the buffer @to at offset @ppos. * * On success, the number of bytes written is returned and the offset @ppos is * advanced by this number, or negative value is returned on error. **/ ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count) { loff_t pos = *ppos; size_t res; if (pos < 0) return -EINVAL; if (pos >= available || !count) return 0; if (count > available - pos) count = available - pos; res = copy_from_user(to + pos, from, count); if (res == count) return -EFAULT; count -= res; *ppos = pos + count; return count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_write_to_buffer); /** * memory_read_from_buffer - copy data from the buffer * @to: the kernel space buffer to read to * @count: the maximum number of bytes to read * @ppos: the current position in the buffer * @from: the buffer to read from * @available: the size of the buffer * * The memory_read_from_buffer() function reads up to @count bytes from the * buffer @from at offset @ppos into the kernel space address starting at @to. * * On success, the number of bytes read is returned and the offset @ppos is * advanced by this number, or negative value is returned on error. **/ ssize_t memory_read_from_buffer(void *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available) { loff_t pos = *ppos; if (pos < 0) return -EINVAL; if (pos >= available) return 0; if (count > available - pos) count = available - pos; memcpy(to, from + pos, count); *ppos = pos + count; return count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(memory_read_from_buffer); /* * Transaction based IO. * The file expects a single write which triggers the transaction, and then * possibly a read which collects the result - which is stored in a * file-local buffer. */ void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n) { struct simple_transaction_argresp *ar = file->private_data; BUG_ON(n > SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT); /* * The barrier ensures that ar->size will really remain zero until * ar->data is ready for reading. */ smp_mb(); ar->size = n; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_transaction_set); char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size) { struct simple_transaction_argresp *ar; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(simple_transaction_lock); if (size > SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT - 1) return ERR_PTR(-EFBIG); ar = (struct simple_transaction_argresp *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!ar) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); spin_lock(&simple_transaction_lock); /* only one write allowed per open */ if (file->private_data) { spin_unlock(&simple_transaction_lock); free_page((unsigned long)ar); return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); } file->private_data = ar; spin_unlock(&simple_transaction_lock); if (copy_from_user(ar->data, buf, size)) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); return ar->data; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_transaction_get); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos) { struct simple_transaction_argresp *ar = file->private_data; if (!ar) return 0; return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, size, pos, ar->data, ar->size); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_transaction_read); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { free_page((unsigned long)file->private_data); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_transaction_release); /* Simple attribute files */ struct simple_attr { int (*get)(void *, u64 *); int (*set)(void *, u64); char get_buf[24]; /* enough to store a u64 and "\n\0" */ char set_buf[24]; void *data; const char *fmt; /* format for read operation */ struct mutex mutex; /* protects access to these buffers */ }; /* simple_attr_open is called by an actual attribute open file operation * to set the attribute specific access operations. */ int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt) { struct simple_attr *attr; attr = kzalloc(sizeof(*attr), GFP_KERNEL); if (!attr) return -ENOMEM; attr->get = get; attr->set = set; attr->data = inode->i_private; attr->fmt = fmt; mutex_init(&attr->mutex); file->private_data = attr; return nonseekable_open(inode, file); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(simple_attr_open); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { kfree(file->private_data); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(simple_attr_release); /* GPL-only? This? Really? */ /* read from the buffer that is filled with the get function */ ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos) { struct simple_attr *attr; size_t size; ssize_t ret; attr = file->private_data; if (!attr->get) return -EACCES; ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&attr->mutex); if (ret) return ret; if (*ppos && attr->get_buf[0]) { /* continued read */ size = strlen(attr->get_buf); } else { /* first read */ u64 val; ret = attr->get(attr->data, &val); if (ret) goto out; size = scnprintf(attr->get_buf, sizeof(attr->get_buf), attr->fmt, (unsigned long long)val); } ret = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, len, ppos, attr->get_buf, size); out: mutex_unlock(&attr->mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(simple_attr_read); /* interpret the buffer as a number to call the set function with */ ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos) { struct simple_attr *attr; unsigned long long val; size_t size; ssize_t ret; attr = file->private_data; if (!attr->set) return -EACCES; ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&attr->mutex); if (ret) return ret; ret = -EFAULT; size = min(sizeof(attr->set_buf) - 1, len); if (copy_from_user(attr->set_buf, buf, size)) goto out; attr->set_buf[size] = '\0'; ret = kstrtoull(attr->set_buf, 0, &val); if (ret) goto out; ret = attr->set(attr->data, val); if (ret == 0) ret = len; /* on success, claim we got the whole input */ out: mutex_unlock(&attr->mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(simple_attr_write); /** * generic_fh_to_dentry - generic helper for the fh_to_dentry export operation * @sb: filesystem to do the file handle conversion on * @fid: file handle to convert * @fh_len: length of the file handle in bytes * @fh_type: type of file handle * @get_inode: filesystem callback to retrieve inode * * This function decodes @fid as long as it has one of the well-known * Linux filehandle types and calls @get_inode on it to retrieve the * inode for the object specified in the file handle. */ struct dentry *generic_fh_to_dentry(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid, int fh_len, int fh_type, struct inode *(*get_inode) (struct super_block *sb, u64 ino, u32 gen)) { struct inode *inode = NULL; if (fh_len < 2) return NULL; switch (fh_type) { case FILEID_INO32_GEN: case FILEID_INO32_GEN_PARENT: inode = get_inode(sb, fid->i32.ino, fid->i32.gen); break; } return d_obtain_alias(inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_fh_to_dentry); /** * generic_fh_to_parent - generic helper for the fh_to_parent export operation * @sb: filesystem to do the file handle conversion on * @fid: file handle to convert * @fh_len: length of the file handle in bytes * @fh_type: type of file handle * @get_inode: filesystem callback to retrieve inode * * This function decodes @fid as long as it has one of the well-known * Linux filehandle types and calls @get_inode on it to retrieve the * inode for the _parent_ object specified in the file handle if it * is specified in the file handle, or NULL otherwise. */ struct dentry *generic_fh_to_parent(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid, int fh_len, int fh_type, struct inode *(*get_inode) (struct super_block *sb, u64 ino, u32 gen)) { struct inode *inode = NULL; if (fh_len <= 2) return NULL; switch (fh_type) { case FILEID_INO32_GEN_PARENT: inode = get_inode(sb, fid->i32.parent_ino, (fh_len > 3 ? fid->i32.parent_gen : 0)); break; } return d_obtain_alias(inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_fh_to_parent); /** * __generic_file_fsync - generic fsync implementation for simple filesystems * * @file: file to synchronize * @start: start offset in bytes * @end: end offset in bytes (inclusive) * @datasync: only synchronize essential metadata if true * * This is a generic implementation of the fsync method for simple * filesystems which track all non-inode metadata in the buffers list * hanging off the address_space structure. */ int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync) { struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; int err; int ret; err = file_write_and_wait_range(file, start, end); if (err) return err; inode_lock(inode); ret = sync_mapping_buffers(inode->i_mapping); if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_ALL)) goto out; if (datasync && !(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_DATASYNC)) goto out; err = sync_inode_metadata(inode, 1); if (ret == 0) ret = err; out: inode_unlock(inode); /* check and advance again to catch errors after syncing out buffers */ err = file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file); if (ret == 0) ret = err; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__generic_file_fsync); /** * generic_file_fsync - generic fsync implementation for simple filesystems * with flush * @file: file to synchronize * @start: start offset in bytes * @end: end offset in bytes (inclusive) * @datasync: only synchronize essential metadata if true * */ int generic_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync) { struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; int err; err = __generic_file_fsync(file, start, end, datasync); if (err) return err; return blkdev_issue_flush(inode->i_sb->s_bdev, GFP_KERNEL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_fsync); /** * generic_check_addressable - Check addressability of file system * @blocksize_bits: log of file system block size * @num_blocks: number of blocks in file system * * Determine whether a file system with @num_blocks blocks (and a * block size of 2**@blocksize_bits) is addressable by the sector_t * and page cache of the system. Return 0 if so and -EFBIG otherwise. */ int generic_check_addressable(unsigned blocksize_bits, u64 num_blocks) { u64 last_fs_block = num_blocks - 1; u64 last_fs_page = last_fs_block >> (PAGE_SHIFT - blocksize_bits); if (unlikely(num_blocks == 0)) return 0; if ((blocksize_bits < 9) || (blocksize_bits > PAGE_SHIFT)) return -EINVAL; if ((last_fs_block > (sector_t)(~0ULL) >> (blocksize_bits - 9)) || (last_fs_page > (pgoff_t)(~0ULL))) { return -EFBIG; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_check_addressable); /* * No-op implementation of ->fsync for in-memory filesystems. */ int noop_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync) { return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(noop_fsync); int noop_set_page_dirty(struct page *page) { /* * Unlike __set_page_dirty_no_writeback that handles dirty page * tracking in the page object, dax does all dirty tracking in * the inode address_space in response to mkwrite faults. In the * dax case we only need to worry about potentially dirty CPU * caches, not dirty page cache pages to write back. * * This callback is defined to prevent fallback to * __set_page_dirty_buffers() in set_page_dirty(). */ return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(noop_set_page_dirty); void noop_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { /* * There is no page cache to invalidate in the dax case, however * we need this callback defined to prevent falling back to * block_invalidatepage() in do_invalidatepage(). */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(noop_invalidatepage); ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { /* * iomap based filesystems support direct I/O without need for * this callback. However, it still needs to be set in * inode->a_ops so that open/fcntl know that direct I/O is * generally supported. */ return -EINVAL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(noop_direct_IO); /* Because kfree isn't assignment-compatible with void(void*) ;-/ */ void kfree_link(void *p) { kfree(p); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kfree_link); /* * nop .set_page_dirty method so that people can use .page_mkwrite on * anon inodes. */ static int anon_set_page_dirty(struct page *page) { return 0; }; /* * A single inode exists for all anon_inode files. Contrary to pipes, * anon_inode inodes have no associated per-instance data, so we need * only allocate one of them. */ struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *s) { static const struct address_space_operations anon_aops = { .set_page_dirty = anon_set_page_dirty, }; struct inode *inode = new_inode_pseudo(s); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); inode->i_ino = get_next_ino(); inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &anon_aops; /* * Mark the inode dirty from the very beginning, * that way it will never be moved to the dirty * list because mark_inode_dirty() will think * that it already _is_ on the dirty list. */ inode->i_state = I_DIRTY; inode->i_mode = S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR; inode->i_uid = current_fsuid(); inode->i_gid = current_fsgid(); inode->i_flags |= S_PRIVATE; inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); return inode; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_anon_inode); /** * simple_nosetlease - generic helper for prohibiting leases * @filp: file pointer * @arg: type of lease to obtain * @flp: new lease supplied for insertion * @priv: private data for lm_setup operation * * Generic helper for filesystems that do not wish to allow leases to be set. * All arguments are ignored and it just returns -EINVAL. */ int simple_nosetlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_nosetlease); /** * simple_get_link - generic helper to get the target of "fast" symlinks * @dentry: not used here * @inode: the symlink inode * @done: not used here * * Generic helper for filesystems to use for symlink inodes where a pointer to * the symlink target is stored in ->i_link. NOTE: this isn't normally called, * since as an optimization the path lookup code uses any non-NULL ->i_link * directly, without calling ->get_link(). But ->get_link() still must be set, * to mark the inode_operations as being for a symlink. * * Return: the symlink target */ const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *done) { return inode->i_link; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_get_link); const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations = { .get_link = simple_get_link, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_symlink_inode_operations); /* * Operations for a permanently empty directory. */ static struct dentry *empty_dir_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } static int empty_dir_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); generic_fillattr(inode, stat); return 0; } static int empty_dir_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { return -EPERM; } static ssize_t empty_dir_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *list, size_t size) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static const struct inode_operations empty_dir_inode_operations = { .lookup = empty_dir_lookup, .permission = generic_permission, .setattr = empty_dir_setattr, .getattr = empty_dir_getattr, .listxattr = empty_dir_listxattr, }; static loff_t empty_dir_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence) { /* An empty directory has two entries . and .. at offsets 0 and 1 */ return generic_file_llseek_size(file, offset, whence, 2, 2); } static int empty_dir_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { dir_emit_dots(file, ctx); return 0; } static const struct file_operations empty_dir_operations = { .llseek = empty_dir_llseek, .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = empty_dir_readdir, .fsync = noop_fsync, }; void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode) { set_nlink(inode, 2); inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO; inode->i_uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; inode->i_gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; inode->i_rdev = 0; inode->i_size = 0; inode->i_blkbits = PAGE_SHIFT; inode->i_blocks = 0; inode->i_op = &empty_dir_inode_operations; inode->i_opflags &= ~IOP_XATTR; inode->i_fop = &empty_dir_operations; } bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_fop == &empty_dir_operations) && (inode->i_op == &empty_dir_inode_operations); } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* * Determine if the name of a dentry should be casefolded. * * Return: if names will need casefolding */ static bool needs_casefold(const struct inode *dir) { return IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) && dir->i_sb->s_encoding; } /** * generic_ci_d_compare - generic d_compare implementation for casefolding filesystems * @dentry: dentry whose name we are checking against * @len: len of name of dentry * @str: str pointer to name of dentry * @name: Name to compare against * * Return: 0 if names match, 1 if mismatch, or -ERRNO */ int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len, const char *str, const struct qstr *name) { const struct dentry *parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); const struct inode *dir = READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode); const struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb; const struct unicode_map *um = sb->s_encoding; struct qstr qstr = QSTR_INIT(str, len); char strbuf[DNAME_INLINE_LEN]; int ret; if (!dir || !needs_casefold(dir)) goto fallback; /* * If the dentry name is stored in-line, then it may be concurrently * modified by a rename. If this happens, the VFS will eventually retry * the lookup, so it doesn't matter what ->d_compare() returns. * However, it's unsafe to call utf8_strncasecmp() with an unstable * string. Therefore, we have to copy the name into a temporary buffer. */ if (len <= DNAME_INLINE_LEN - 1) { memcpy(strbuf, str, len); strbuf[len] = 0; qstr.name = strbuf; /* prevent compiler from optimizing out the temporary buffer */ barrier(); } ret = utf8_strncasecmp(um, name, &qstr); if (ret >= 0) return ret; if (sb_has_strict_encoding(sb)) return -EINVAL; fallback: if (len != name->len) return 1; return !!memcmp(str, name->name, len); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_ci_d_compare); /** * generic_ci_d_hash - generic d_hash implementation for casefolding filesystems * @dentry: dentry of the parent directory * @str: qstr of name whose hash we should fill in * * Return: 0 if hash was successful or unchanged, and -EINVAL on error */ int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str) { const struct inode *dir = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_inode); struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb; const struct unicode_map *um = sb->s_encoding; int ret = 0; if (!dir || !needs_casefold(dir)) return 0; ret = utf8_casefold_hash(um, dentry, str); if (ret < 0 && sb_has_strict_encoding(sb)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_ci_d_hash); #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM kmem #if !defined(_TRACE_KMEM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_KMEM_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmalloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmem_cache_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, node ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->node = node; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s node=%d", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmalloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmem_cache_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kfree, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kmem_cache_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order), TP_ARGS(page, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free_batched, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=0", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, gfp_flags, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%u migratetype=%d percpu_refill=%d", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, __entry->order == 0) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_page, mm_page_alloc_zone_locked, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_pcpu_drain, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc_extfrag, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, int alloc_order, int fallback_order, int alloc_migratetype, int fallback_migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, alloc_order, fallback_order, alloc_migratetype, fallback_migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( int, alloc_order ) __field( int, fallback_order ) __field( int, alloc_migratetype ) __field( int, fallback_migratetype ) __field( int, change_ownership ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->alloc_order = alloc_order; __entry->fallback_order = fallback_order; __entry->alloc_migratetype = alloc_migratetype; __entry->fallback_migratetype = fallback_migratetype; __entry->change_ownership = (alloc_migratetype == get_pageblock_migratetype(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu alloc_order=%d fallback_order=%d pageblock_order=%d alloc_migratetype=%d fallback_migratetype=%d fragmenting=%d change_ownership=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->alloc_order, __entry->fallback_order, pageblock_order, __entry->alloc_migratetype, __entry->fallback_migratetype, __entry->fallback_order < pageblock_order, __entry->change_ownership) ); /* * Required for uniquely and securely identifying mm in rss_stat tracepoint. */ #ifndef __PTR_TO_HASHVAL static unsigned int __maybe_unused mm_ptr_to_hash(const void *ptr) { int ret; unsigned long hashval; ret = ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) return 0; /* The hashed value is only 32-bit */ return (unsigned int)hashval; } #define __PTR_TO_HASHVAL #endif TRACE_EVENT(rss_stat, TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count), TP_ARGS(mm, member, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, mm_id) __field(unsigned int, curr) __field(int, member) __field(long, size) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->mm_id = mm_ptr_to_hash(mm); __entry->curr = !!(current->mm == mm); __entry->member = member; __entry->size = (count << PAGE_SHIFT); ), TP_printk("mm_id=%u curr=%d member=%d size=%ldB", __entry->mm_id, __entry->curr, __entry->member, __entry->size) ); #endif /* _TRACE_KMEM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
10 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PAGE_64_H #define _ASM_X86_PAGE_64_H #include <asm/page_64_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/alternative.h> /* duplicated to the one in bootmem.h */ extern unsigned long max_pfn; extern unsigned long phys_base; extern unsigned long page_offset_base; extern unsigned long vmalloc_base; extern unsigned long vmemmap_base; static inline unsigned long __phys_addr_nodebug(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ x = y + ((x > y) ? phys_base : (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET)); return x; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL extern unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long); extern unsigned long __phys_addr_symbol(unsigned long); #else #define __phys_addr(x) __phys_addr_nodebug(x) #define __phys_addr_symbol(x) \ ((unsigned long)(x) - __START_KERNEL_map + phys_base) #endif #define __phys_reloc_hide(x) (x) #ifdef CONFIG_FLATMEM #define pfn_valid(pfn) ((pfn) < max_pfn) #endif void clear_page_orig(void *page); void clear_page_rep(void *page); void clear_page_erms(void *page); static inline void clear_page(void *page) { alternative_call_2(clear_page_orig, clear_page_rep, X86_FEATURE_REP_GOOD, clear_page_erms, X86_FEATURE_ERMS, "=D" (page), "0" (page) : "cc", "memory", "rax", "rcx"); } void copy_page(void *to, void *from); #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VSYSCALL_EMULATION # define __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA 1 #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_PAGE_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd. */ #ifndef __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #define __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* REP NOP (PAUSE) is a good thing to insert into busy-wait loops. */ static __always_inline void rep_nop(void) { asm volatile("rep; nop" ::: "memory"); } static __always_inline void cpu_relax(void) { rep_nop(); } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H */
2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #define _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/timex.h> #include <vdso/jiffies.h> #include <asm/param.h> /* for HZ */ #include <generated/timeconst.h> /* * The following defines establish the engineering parameters of the PLL * model. The HZ variable establishes the timer interrupt frequency, 100 Hz * for the SunOS kernel, 256 Hz for the Ultrix kernel and 1024 Hz for the * OSF/1 kernel. The SHIFT_HZ define expresses the same value as the * nearest power of two in order to avoid hardware multiply operations. */ #if HZ >= 12 && HZ < 24 # define SHIFT_HZ 4 #elif HZ >= 24 && HZ < 48 # define SHIFT_HZ 5 #elif HZ >= 48 && HZ < 96 # define SHIFT_HZ 6 #elif HZ >= 96 && HZ < 192 # define SHIFT_HZ 7 #elif HZ >= 192 && HZ < 384 # define SHIFT_HZ 8 #elif HZ >= 384 && HZ < 768 # define SHIFT_HZ 9 #elif HZ >= 768 && HZ < 1536 # define SHIFT_HZ 10 #elif HZ >= 1536 && HZ < 3072 # define SHIFT_HZ 11 #elif HZ >= 3072 && HZ < 6144 # define SHIFT_HZ 12 #elif HZ >= 6144 && HZ < 12288 # define SHIFT_HZ 13 #else # error Invalid value of HZ. #endif /* Suppose we want to divide two numbers NOM and DEN: NOM/DEN, then we can * improve accuracy by shifting LSH bits, hence calculating: * (NOM << LSH) / DEN * This however means trouble for large NOM, because (NOM << LSH) may no * longer fit in 32 bits. The following way of calculating this gives us * some slack, under the following conditions: * - (NOM / DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. * - (NOM % DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. */ #define SH_DIV(NOM,DEN,LSH) ( (((NOM) / (DEN)) << (LSH)) \ + ((((NOM) % (DEN)) << (LSH)) + (DEN) / 2) / (DEN)) /* LATCH is used in the interval timer and ftape setup. */ #define LATCH ((CLOCK_TICK_RATE + HZ/2) / HZ) /* For divider */ extern int register_refined_jiffies(long clock_tick_rate); /* TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming SHIFTED_HZ */ #define TICK_USEC ((USEC_PER_SEC + HZ/2) / HZ) /* USER_TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming fake USER_HZ */ #define USER_TICK_USEC ((1000000UL + USER_HZ/2) / USER_HZ) #ifndef __jiffy_arch_data #define __jiffy_arch_data #endif /* * The 64-bit value is not atomic - you MUST NOT read it * without sampling the sequence number in jiffies_lock. * get_jiffies_64() will do this for you as appropriate. */ extern u64 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp jiffies_64; extern unsigned long volatile __cacheline_aligned_in_smp __jiffy_arch_data jiffies; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) u64 get_jiffies_64(void); #else static inline u64 get_jiffies_64(void) { return (u64)jiffies; } #endif /* * These inlines deal with timer wrapping correctly. You are * strongly encouraged to use them * 1. Because people otherwise forget * 2. Because if the timer wrap changes in future you won't have to * alter your driver code. * * time_after(a,b) returns true if the time a is after time b. * * Do this with "<0" and ">=0" to only test the sign of the result. A * good compiler would generate better code (and a really good compiler * wouldn't care). Gcc is currently neither. */ #define time_after(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before(a,b) time_after(b,a) #define time_after_eq(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq(a,b) time_after_eq(b,a) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c]. */ #define time_in_range(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before_eq(a,c)) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c). */ #define time_in_range_open(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before(a,c)) /* Same as above, but does so with platform independent 64bit types. * These must be used when utilizing jiffies_64 (i.e. return value of * get_jiffies_64() */ #define time_after64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before64(a,b) time_after64(b,a) #define time_after_eq64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq64(a,b) time_after_eq64(b,a) #define time_in_range64(a, b, c) \ (time_after_eq64(a, b) && \ time_before_eq64(a, c)) /* * These four macros compare jiffies and 'a' for convenience. */ /* time_is_before_jiffies(a) return true if a is before jiffies */ #define time_is_before_jiffies(a) time_after(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_jiffies64(a) time_after64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_jiffies(a) return true if a is after jiffies */ #define time_is_after_jiffies(a) time_before(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_jiffies64(a) time_before64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is before or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) time_after_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies64(a) time_after_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is after or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) time_before_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies64(a) time_before_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* * Have the 32 bit jiffies value wrap 5 minutes after boot * so jiffies wrap bugs show up earlier. */ #define INITIAL_JIFFIES ((unsigned long)(unsigned int) (-300*HZ)) /* * Change timeval to jiffies, trying to avoid the * most obvious overflows.. * * And some not so obvious. * * Note that we don't want to return LONG_MAX, because * for various timeout reasons we often end up having * to wait "jiffies+1" in order to guarantee that we wait * at _least_ "jiffies" - so "jiffies+1" had better still * be positive. */ #define MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET ((LONG_MAX >> 1)-1) extern unsigned long preset_lpj; /* * We want to do realistic conversions of time so we need to use the same * values the update wall clock code uses as the jiffies size. This value * is: TICK_NSEC (which is defined in timex.h). This * is a constant and is in nanoseconds. We will use scaled math * with a set of scales defined here as SEC_JIFFIE_SC, USEC_JIFFIE_SC and * NSEC_JIFFIE_SC. Note that these defines contain nothing but * constants and so are computed at compile time. SHIFT_HZ (computed in * timex.h) adjusts the scaling for different HZ values. * Scaled math??? What is that? * * Scaled math is a way to do integer math on values that would, * otherwise, either overflow, underflow, or cause undesired div * instructions to appear in the execution path. In short, we "scale" * up the operands so they take more bits (more precision, less * underflow), do the desired operation and then "scale" the result back * by the same amount. If we do the scaling by shifting we avoid the * costly mpy and the dastardly div instructions. * Suppose, for example, we want to convert from seconds to jiffies * where jiffies is defined in nanoseconds as NSEC_PER_JIFFIE. The * simple math is: jiff = (sec * NSEC_PER_SEC) / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE; We * observe that (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE) is a constant which we * might calculate at compile time, however, the result will only have * about 3-4 bits of precision (less for smaller values of HZ). * * So, we scale as follows: * jiff = (sec) * (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE); * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC * SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) / SCALE; * Then we make SCALE a power of two so: * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) >> SCALE; * Now we define: * #define SEC_CONV = ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) * jiff = (sec * SEC_CONV) >> SCALE; * * Often the math we use will expand beyond 32-bits so we tell C how to * do this and pass the 64-bit result of the mpy through the ">> SCALE" * which should take the result back to 32-bits. We want this expansion * to capture as much precision as possible. At the same time we don't * want to overflow so we pick the SCALE to avoid this. In this file, * that means using a different scale for each range of HZ values (as * defined in timex.h). * * For those who want to know, gcc will give a 64-bit result from a "*" * operator if the result is a long long AND at least one of the * operands is cast to long long (usually just prior to the "*" so as * not to confuse it into thinking it really has a 64-bit operand, * which, buy the way, it can do, but it takes more code and at least 2 * mpys). * We also need to be aware that one second in nanoseconds is only a * couple of bits away from overflowing a 32-bit word, so we MUST use * 64-bits to get the full range time in nanoseconds. */ /* * Here are the scales we will use. One for seconds, nanoseconds and * microseconds. * * Within the limits of cpp we do a rough cut at the SEC_JIFFIE_SC and * check if the sign bit is set. If not, we bump the shift count by 1. * (Gets an extra bit of precision where we can use it.) * We know it is set for HZ = 1024 and HZ = 100 not for 1000. * Haven't tested others. * Limits of cpp (for #if expressions) only long (no long long), but * then we only need the most signicant bit. */ #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (31 - SHIFT_HZ) #if !((((NSEC_PER_SEC << 2) / TICK_NSEC) << (SEC_JIFFIE_SC - 2)) & 0x80000000) #undef SEC_JIFFIE_SC #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (32 - SHIFT_HZ) #endif #define NSEC_JIFFIE_SC (SEC_JIFFIE_SC + 29) #define SEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << SEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) #define NSEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)1 << NSEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) /* * The maximum jiffie value is (MAX_INT >> 1). Here we translate that * into seconds. The 64-bit case will overflow if we are not careful, * so use the messy SH_DIV macro to do it. Still all constants. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (long)((u64)((u64)MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET * TICK_NSEC) / NSEC_PER_SEC) #else /* take care of overflow on 64 bits machines */ # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (SH_DIV((MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET >> SEC_JIFFIE_SC) * TICK_NSEC, NSEC_PER_SEC, 1) - 1) #endif /* * Convert various time units to each other: */ extern unsigned int jiffies_to_msecs(const unsigned long j); extern unsigned int jiffies_to_usecs(const unsigned long j); static inline u64 jiffies_to_nsecs(const unsigned long j) { return (u64)jiffies_to_usecs(j) * NSEC_PER_USEC; } extern u64 jiffies64_to_nsecs(u64 j); extern u64 jiffies64_to_msecs(u64 j); extern unsigned long __msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m); #if HZ <= MSEC_PER_SEC && !(MSEC_PER_SEC % HZ) /* * HZ is equal to or smaller than 1000, and 1000 is a nice round * multiple of HZ, divide with the factor between them, but round * upwards: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { return (m + (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #elif HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && !(HZ % MSEC_PER_SEC) /* * HZ is larger than 1000, and HZ is a nice round multiple of 1000 - * simply multiply with the factor between them. * * But first make sure the multiplication result cannot overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return m * (HZ / MSEC_PER_SEC); } #else /* * Generic case - multiply, round and divide. But first check that if * we are doing a net multiplication, that we wouldn't overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return (MSEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * m + MSEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> MSEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * msecs_to_jiffies: - convert milliseconds to jiffies * @m: time in milliseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - negative values mean 'infinite timeout' (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET) * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows. * for the details see __msecs_to_jiffies() * * msecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __msecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _msecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (__builtin_constant_p(m)) { if ((int)m < 0) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _msecs_to_jiffies(m); } else { return __msecs_to_jiffies(m); } } extern unsigned long __usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u); #if !(USEC_PER_SEC % HZ) static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (u + (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #else static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (USEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * u + USEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> USEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * usecs_to_jiffies: - convert microseconds to jiffies * @u: time in microseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows as for msecs_to_jiffies. * * usecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __usecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _usecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { if (__builtin_constant_p(u)) { if (u > jiffies_to_usecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _usecs_to_jiffies(u); } else { return __usecs_to_jiffies(u); } } extern unsigned long timespec64_to_jiffies(const struct timespec64 *value); extern void jiffies_to_timespec64(const unsigned long jiffies, struct timespec64 *value); extern clock_t jiffies_to_clock_t(unsigned long x); static inline clock_t jiffies_delta_to_clock_t(long delta) { return jiffies_to_clock_t(max(0L, delta)); } static inline unsigned int jiffies_delta_to_msecs(long delta) { return jiffies_to_msecs(max(0L, delta)); } extern unsigned long clock_t_to_jiffies(unsigned long x); extern u64 jiffies_64_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsec_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsecs_to_jiffies64(u64 n); extern unsigned long nsecs_to_jiffies(u64 n); #define TIMESTAMP_SIZE 30 #endif
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* Kernel thread helper functions. * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM Corporation, Rusty Russell. * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc. * * Creation is done via kthreadd, so that we get a clean environment * even if we're invoked from userspace (think modprobe, hotplug cpu, * etc.). */ #include <uapi/linux/sched/types.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mmu_context.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/sched/isolation.h> #include <trace/events/sched.h> static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kthread_create_lock); static LIST_HEAD(kthread_create_list); struct task_struct *kthreadd_task; struct kthread_create_info { /* Information passed to kthread() from kthreadd. */ int (*threadfn)(void *data); void *data; int node; /* Result passed back to kthread_create() from kthreadd. */ struct task_struct *result; struct completion *done; struct list_head list; }; struct kthread { unsigned long flags; unsigned int cpu; int (*threadfn)(void *); void *data; mm_segment_t oldfs; struct completion parked; struct completion exited; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css; #endif }; enum KTHREAD_BITS { KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU = 0, KTHREAD_SHOULD_STOP, KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, }; static inline void set_kthread_struct(void *kthread) { /* * We abuse ->set_child_tid to avoid the new member and because it * can't be wrongly copied by copy_process(). We also rely on fact * that the caller can't exec, so PF_KTHREAD can't be cleared. */ current->set_child_tid = (__force void __user *)kthread; } static inline struct kthread *to_kthread(struct task_struct *k) { WARN_ON(!(k->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); return (__force void *)k->set_child_tid; } /* * Variant of to_kthread() that doesn't assume @p is a kthread. * * Per construction; when: * * (p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && p->set_child_tid * * the task is both a kthread and struct kthread is persistent. However * PF_KTHREAD on it's own is not, kernel_thread() can exec() (See umh.c and * begin_new_exec()). */ static inline struct kthread *__to_kthread(struct task_struct *p) { void *kthread = (__force void *)p->set_child_tid; if (kthread && !(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) kthread = NULL; return kthread; } void free_kthread_struct(struct task_struct *k) { struct kthread *kthread; /* * Can be NULL if this kthread was created by kernel_thread() * or if kmalloc() in kthread() failed. */ kthread = to_kthread(k); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP WARN_ON_ONCE(kthread && kthread->blkcg_css); #endif kfree(kthread); } /** * kthread_should_stop - should this kthread return now? * * When someone calls kthread_stop() on your kthread, it will be woken * and this will return true. You should then return, and your return * value will be passed through to kthread_stop(). */ bool kthread_should_stop(void) { return test_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_STOP, &to_kthread(current)->flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_should_stop); bool __kthread_should_park(struct task_struct *k) { return test_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &to_kthread(k)->flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kthread_should_park); /** * kthread_should_park - should this kthread park now? * * When someone calls kthread_park() on your kthread, it will be woken * and this will return true. You should then do the necessary * cleanup and call kthread_parkme() * * Similar to kthread_should_stop(), but this keeps the thread alive * and in a park position. kthread_unpark() "restarts" the thread and * calls the thread function again. */ bool kthread_should_park(void) { return __kthread_should_park(current); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_should_park); /** * kthread_freezable_should_stop - should this freezable kthread return now? * @was_frozen: optional out parameter, indicates whether %current was frozen * * kthread_should_stop() for freezable kthreads, which will enter * refrigerator if necessary. This function is safe from kthread_stop() / * freezer deadlock and freezable kthreads should use this function instead * of calling try_to_freeze() directly. */ bool kthread_freezable_should_stop(bool *was_frozen) { bool frozen = false; might_sleep(); if (unlikely(freezing(current))) frozen = __refrigerator(true); if (was_frozen) *was_frozen = frozen; return kthread_should_stop(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_freezable_should_stop); /** * kthread_func - return the function specified on kthread creation * @task: kthread task in question * * Returns NULL if the task is not a kthread. */ void *kthread_func(struct task_struct *task) { struct kthread *kthread = __to_kthread(task); if (kthread) return kthread->threadfn; return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_func); /** * kthread_data - return data value specified on kthread creation * @task: kthread task in question * * Return the data value specified when kthread @task was created. * The caller is responsible for ensuring the validity of @task when * calling this function. */ void *kthread_data(struct task_struct *task) { return to_kthread(task)->data; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_data); /** * kthread_probe_data - speculative version of kthread_data() * @task: possible kthread task in question * * @task could be a kthread task. Return the data value specified when it * was created if accessible. If @task isn't a kthread task or its data is * inaccessible for any reason, %NULL is returned. This function requires * that @task itself is safe to dereference. */ void *kthread_probe_data(struct task_struct *task) { struct kthread *kthread = __to_kthread(task); void *data = NULL; if (kthread) copy_from_kernel_nofault(&data, &kthread->data, sizeof(data)); return data; } static void __kthread_parkme(struct kthread *self) { for (;;) { /* * TASK_PARKED is a special state; we must serialize against * possible pending wakeups to avoid store-store collisions on * task->state. * * Such a collision might possibly result in the task state * changin from TASK_PARKED and us failing the * wait_task_inactive() in kthread_park(). */ set_special_state(TASK_PARKED); if (!test_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &self->flags)) break; /* * Thread is going to call schedule(), do not preempt it, * or the caller of kthread_park() may spend more time in * wait_task_inactive(). */ preempt_disable(); complete(&self->parked); schedule_preempt_disabled(); preempt_enable(); } __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); } void kthread_parkme(void) { __kthread_parkme(to_kthread(current)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_parkme); static int kthread(void *_create) { /* Copy data: it's on kthread's stack */ struct kthread_create_info *create = _create; int (*threadfn)(void *data) = create->threadfn; void *data = create->data; struct completion *done; struct kthread *self; int ret; self = kzalloc(sizeof(*self), GFP_KERNEL); set_kthread_struct(self); /* If user was SIGKILLed, I release the structure. */ done = xchg(&create->done, NULL); if (!done) { kfree(create); do_exit(-EINTR); } if (!self) { create->result = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); complete(done); do_exit(-ENOMEM); } self->threadfn = threadfn; self->data = data; init_completion(&self->exited); init_completion(&self->parked); current->vfork_done = &self->exited; /* OK, tell user we're spawned, wait for stop or wakeup */ __set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); create->result = current; /* * Thread is going to call schedule(), do not preempt it, * or the creator may spend more time in wait_task_inactive(). */ preempt_disable(); complete(done); schedule_preempt_disabled(); preempt_enable(); ret = -EINTR; if (!test_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_STOP, &self->flags)) { cgroup_kthread_ready(); __kthread_parkme(self); ret = threadfn(data); } do_exit(ret); } /* called from do_fork() to get node information for about to be created task */ int tsk_fork_get_node(struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA if (tsk == kthreadd_task) return tsk->pref_node_fork; #endif return NUMA_NO_NODE; } static void create_kthread(struct kthread_create_info *create) { int pid; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA current->pref_node_fork = create->node; #endif /* We want our own signal handler (we take no signals by default). */ pid = kernel_thread(kthread, create, CLONE_FS | CLONE_FILES | SIGCHLD); if (pid < 0) { /* If user was SIGKILLed, I release the structure. */ struct completion *done = xchg(&create->done, NULL); if (!done) { kfree(create); return; } create->result = ERR_PTR(pid); complete(done); } } static __printf(4, 0) struct task_struct *__kthread_create_on_node(int (*threadfn)(void *data), void *data, int node, const char namefmt[], va_list args) { DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(done); struct task_struct *task; struct kthread_create_info *create = kmalloc(sizeof(*create), GFP_KERNEL); if (!create) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); create->threadfn = threadfn; create->data = data; create->node = node; create->done = &done; spin_lock(&kthread_create_lock); list_add_tail(&create->list, &kthread_create_list); spin_unlock(&kthread_create_lock); wake_up_process(kthreadd_task); /* * Wait for completion in killable state, for I might be chosen by * the OOM killer while kthreadd is trying to allocate memory for * new kernel thread. */ if (unlikely(wait_for_completion_killable(&done))) { /* * If I was SIGKILLed before kthreadd (or new kernel thread) * calls complete(), leave the cleanup of this structure to * that thread. */ if (xchg(&create->done, NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINTR); /* * kthreadd (or new kernel thread) will call complete() * shortly. */ wait_for_completion(&done); } task = create->result; if (!IS_ERR(task)) { static const struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = 0 }; char name[TASK_COMM_LEN]; /* * task is already visible to other tasks, so updating * COMM must be protected. */ vsnprintf(name, sizeof(name), namefmt, args); set_task_comm(task, name); /* * root may have changed our (kthreadd's) priority or CPU mask. * The kernel thread should not inherit these properties. */ sched_setscheduler_nocheck(task, SCHED_NORMAL, &param); set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_KTHREAD)); } kfree(create); return task; } /** * kthread_create_on_node - create a kthread. * @threadfn: the function to run until signal_pending(current). * @data: data ptr for @threadfn. * @node: task and thread structures for the thread are allocated on this node * @namefmt: printf-style name for the thread. * * Description: This helper function creates and names a kernel * thread. The thread will be stopped: use wake_up_process() to start * it. See also kthread_run(). The new thread has SCHED_NORMAL policy and * is affine to all CPUs. * * If thread is going to be bound on a particular cpu, give its node * in @node, to get NUMA affinity for kthread stack, or else give NUMA_NO_NODE. * When woken, the thread will run @threadfn() with @data as its * argument. @threadfn() can either call do_exit() directly if it is a * standalone thread for which no one will call kthread_stop(), or * return when 'kthread_should_stop()' is true (which means * kthread_stop() has been called). The return value should be zero * or a negative error number; it will be passed to kthread_stop(). * * Returns a task_struct or ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM) or ERR_PTR(-EINTR). */ struct task_struct *kthread_create_on_node(int (*threadfn)(void *data), void *data, int node, const char namefmt[], ...) { struct task_struct *task; va_list args; va_start(args, namefmt); task = __kthread_create_on_node(threadfn, data, node, namefmt, args); va_end(args); return task; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_create_on_node); static void __kthread_bind_mask(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *mask, long state) { unsigned long flags; if (!wait_task_inactive(p, state)) { WARN_ON(1); return; } /* It's safe because the task is inactive. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags); do_set_cpus_allowed(p, mask); p->flags |= PF_NO_SETAFFINITY; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags); } static void __kthread_bind(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu, long state) { __kthread_bind_mask(p, cpumask_of(cpu), state); } void kthread_bind_mask(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *mask) { __kthread_bind_mask(p, mask, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); } /** * kthread_bind - bind a just-created kthread to a cpu. * @p: thread created by kthread_create(). * @cpu: cpu (might not be online, must be possible) for @k to run on. * * Description: This function is equivalent to set_cpus_allowed(), * except that @cpu doesn't need to be online, and the thread must be * stopped (i.e., just returned from kthread_create()). */ void kthread_bind(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { __kthread_bind(p, cpu, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_bind); /** * kthread_create_on_cpu - Create a cpu bound kthread * @threadfn: the function to run until signal_pending(current). * @data: data ptr for @threadfn. * @cpu: The cpu on which the thread should be bound, * @namefmt: printf-style name for the thread. Format is restricted * to "name.*%u". Code fills in cpu number. * * Description: This helper function creates and names a kernel thread */ struct task_struct *kthread_create_on_cpu(int (*threadfn)(void *data), void *data, unsigned int cpu, const char *namefmt) { struct task_struct *p; p = kthread_create_on_node(threadfn, data, cpu_to_node(cpu), namefmt, cpu); if (IS_ERR(p)) return p; kthread_bind(p, cpu); /* CPU hotplug need to bind once again when unparking the thread. */ to_kthread(p)->cpu = cpu; return p; } void kthread_set_per_cpu(struct task_struct *k, int cpu) { struct kthread *kthread = to_kthread(k); if (!kthread) return; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(k->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY)); if (cpu < 0) { clear_bit(KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU, &kthread->flags); return; } kthread->cpu = cpu; set_bit(KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU, &kthread->flags); } bool kthread_is_per_cpu(struct task_struct *p) { struct kthread *kthread = __to_kthread(p); if (!kthread) return false; return test_bit(KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU, &kthread->flags); } /** * kthread_unpark - unpark a thread created by kthread_create(). * @k: thread created by kthread_create(). * * Sets kthread_should_park() for @k to return false, wakes it, and * waits for it to return. If the thread is marked percpu then its * bound to the cpu again. */ void kthread_unpark(struct task_struct *k) { struct kthread *kthread = to_kthread(k); /* * Newly created kthread was parked when the CPU was offline. * The binding was lost and we need to set it again. */ if (test_bit(KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU, &kthread->flags)) __kthread_bind(k, kthread->cpu, TASK_PARKED); clear_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &kthread->flags); /* * __kthread_parkme() will either see !SHOULD_PARK or get the wakeup. */ wake_up_state(k, TASK_PARKED); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_unpark); /** * kthread_park - park a thread created by kthread_create(). * @k: thread created by kthread_create(). * * Sets kthread_should_park() for @k to return true, wakes it, and * waits for it to return. This can also be called after kthread_create() * instead of calling wake_up_process(): the thread will park without * calling threadfn(). * * Returns 0 if the thread is parked, -ENOSYS if the thread exited. * If called by the kthread itself just the park bit is set. */ int kthread_park(struct task_struct *k) { struct kthread *kthread = to_kthread(k); if (WARN_ON(k->flags & PF_EXITING)) return -ENOSYS; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(test_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &kthread->flags))) return -EBUSY; set_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_PARK, &kthread->flags); if (k != current) { wake_up_process(k); /* * Wait for __kthread_parkme() to complete(), this means we * _will_ have TASK_PARKED and are about to call schedule(). */ wait_for_completion(&kthread->parked); /* * Now wait for that schedule() to complete and the task to * get scheduled out. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!wait_task_inactive(k, TASK_PARKED)); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_park); /** * kthread_stop - stop a thread created by kthread_create(). * @k: thread created by kthread_create(). * * Sets kthread_should_stop() for @k to return true, wakes it, and * waits for it to exit. This can also be called after kthread_create() * instead of calling wake_up_process(): the thread will exit without * calling threadfn(). * * If threadfn() may call do_exit() itself, the caller must ensure * task_struct can't go away. * * Returns the result of threadfn(), or %-EINTR if wake_up_process() * was never called. */ int kthread_stop(struct task_struct *k) { struct kthread *kthread; int ret; trace_sched_kthread_stop(k); get_task_struct(k); kthread = to_kthread(k); set_bit(KTHREAD_SHOULD_STOP, &kthread->flags); kthread_unpark(k); wake_up_process(k); wait_for_completion(&kthread->exited); ret = k->exit_code; put_task_struct(k); trace_sched_kthread_stop_ret(ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_stop); int kthreadd(void *unused) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* Setup a clean context for our children to inherit. */ set_task_comm(tsk, "kthreadd"); ignore_signals(tsk); set_cpus_allowed_ptr(tsk, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_KTHREAD)); set_mems_allowed(node_states[N_MEMORY]); current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE; cgroup_init_kthreadd(); for (;;) { set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); if (list_empty(&kthread_create_list)) schedule(); __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); spin_lock(&kthread_create_lock); while (!list_empty(&kthread_create_list)) { struct kthread_create_info *create; create = list_entry(kthread_create_list.next, struct kthread_create_info, list); list_del_init(&create->list); spin_unlock(&kthread_create_lock); create_kthread(create); spin_lock(&kthread_create_lock); } spin_unlock(&kthread_create_lock); } return 0; } void __kthread_init_worker(struct kthread_worker *worker, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { memset(worker, 0, sizeof(struct kthread_worker)); raw_spin_lock_init(&worker->lock); lockdep_set_class_and_name(&worker->lock, key, name); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->work_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->delayed_work_list); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kthread_init_worker); /** * kthread_worker_fn - kthread function to process kthread_worker * @worker_ptr: pointer to initialized kthread_worker * * This function implements the main cycle of kthread worker. It processes * work_list until it is stopped with kthread_stop(). It sleeps when the queue * is empty. * * The works are not allowed to keep any locks, disable preemption or interrupts * when they finish. There is defined a safe point for freezing when one work * finishes and before a new one is started. * * Also the works must not be handled by more than one worker at the same time, * see also kthread_queue_work(). */ int kthread_worker_fn(void *worker_ptr) { struct kthread_worker *worker = worker_ptr; struct kthread_work *work; /* * FIXME: Update the check and remove the assignment when all kthread * worker users are created using kthread_create_worker*() functions. */ WARN_ON(worker->task && worker->task != current); worker->task = current; if (worker->flags & KTW_FREEZABLE) set_freezable(); repeat: set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); /* mb paired w/ kthread_stop */ if (kthread_should_stop()) { __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); raw_spin_lock_irq(&worker->lock); worker->task = NULL; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&worker->lock); return 0; } work = NULL; raw_spin_lock_irq(&worker->lock); if (!list_empty(&worker->work_list)) { work = list_first_entry(&worker->work_list, struct kthread_work, node); list_del_init(&work->node); } worker->current_work = work; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&worker->lock); if (work) { __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); work->func(work); } else if (!freezing(current)) schedule(); try_to_freeze(); cond_resched(); goto repeat; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_worker_fn); static __printf(3, 0) struct kthread_worker * __kthread_create_worker(int cpu, unsigned int flags, const char namefmt[], va_list args) { struct kthread_worker *worker; struct task_struct *task; int node = NUMA_NO_NODE; worker = kzalloc(sizeof(*worker), GFP_KERNEL); if (!worker) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); kthread_init_worker(worker); if (cpu >= 0) node = cpu_to_node(cpu); task = __kthread_create_on_node(kthread_worker_fn, worker, node, namefmt, args); if (IS_ERR(task)) goto fail_task; if (cpu >= 0) kthread_bind(task, cpu); worker->flags = flags; worker->task = task; wake_up_process(task); return worker; fail_task: kfree(worker); return ERR_CAST(task); } /** * kthread_create_worker - create a kthread worker * @flags: flags modifying the default behavior of the worker * @namefmt: printf-style name for the kthread worker (task). * * Returns a pointer to the allocated worker on success, ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM) * when the needed structures could not get allocated, and ERR_PTR(-EINTR) * when the worker was SIGKILLed. */ struct kthread_worker * kthread_create_worker(unsigned int flags, const char namefmt[], ...) { struct kthread_worker *worker; va_list args; va_start(args, namefmt); worker = __kthread_create_worker(-1, flags, namefmt, args); va_end(args); return worker; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_create_worker); /** * kthread_create_worker_on_cpu - create a kthread worker and bind it * to a given CPU and the associated NUMA node. * @cpu: CPU number * @flags: flags modifying the default behavior of the worker * @namefmt: printf-style name for the kthread worker (task). * * Use a valid CPU number if you want to bind the kthread worker * to the given CPU and the associated NUMA node. * * A good practice is to add the cpu number also into the worker name. * For example, use kthread_create_worker_on_cpu(cpu, "helper/%d", cpu). * * Returns a pointer to the allocated worker on success, ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM) * when the needed structures could not get allocated, and ERR_PTR(-EINTR) * when the worker was SIGKILLed. */ struct kthread_worker * kthread_create_worker_on_cpu(int cpu, unsigned int flags, const char namefmt[], ...) { struct kthread_worker *worker; va_list args; va_start(args, namefmt); worker = __kthread_create_worker(cpu, flags, namefmt, args); va_end(args); return worker; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_create_worker_on_cpu); /* * Returns true when the work could not be queued at the moment. * It happens when it is already pending in a worker list * or when it is being cancelled. */ static inline bool queuing_blocked(struct kthread_worker *worker, struct kthread_work *work) { lockdep_assert_held(&worker->lock); return !list_empty(&work->node) || work->canceling; } static void kthread_insert_work_sanity_check(struct kthread_worker *worker, struct kthread_work *work) { lockdep_assert_held(&worker->lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&work->node)); /* Do not use a work with >1 worker, see kthread_queue_work() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(work->worker && work->worker != worker); } /* insert @work before @pos in @worker */ static void kthread_insert_work(struct kthread_worker *worker, struct kthread_work *work, struct list_head *pos) { kthread_insert_work_sanity_check(worker, work); list_add_tail(&work->node, pos); work->worker = worker; if (!worker->current_work && likely(worker->task)) wake_up_process(worker->task); } /** * kthread_queue_work - queue a kthread_work * @worker: target kthread_worker * @work: kthread_work to queue * * Queue @work to work processor @task for async execution. @task * must have been created with kthread_worker_create(). Returns %true * if @work was successfully queued, %false if it was already pending. * * Reinitialize the work if it needs to be used by another worker. * For example, when the worker was stopped and started again. */ bool kthread_queue_work(struct kthread_worker *worker, struct kthread_work *work) { bool ret = false; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, flags); if (!queuing_blocked(worker, work)) { kthread_insert_work(worker, work, &worker->work_list); ret = true; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_queue_work); /** * kthread_delayed_work_timer_fn - callback that queues the associated kthread * delayed work when the timer expires. * @t: pointer to the expired timer * * The format of the function is defined by struct timer_list. * It should have been called from irqsafe timer with irq already off. */ void kthread_delayed_work_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t) { struct kthread_delayed_work *dwork = from_timer(dwork, t, timer); struct kthread_work *work = &dwork->work; struct kthread_worker *worker = work->worker; unsigned long flags; /* * This might happen when a pending work is reinitialized. * It means that it is used a wrong way. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!worker)) return; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, flags); /* Work must not be used with >1 worker, see kthread_queue_work(). */ WARN_ON_ONCE(work->worker != worker); /* Move the work from worker->delayed_work_list. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&work->node)); list_del_init(&work->node); if (!work->canceling) kthread_insert_work(worker, work, &worker->work_list); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_delayed_work_timer_fn); static void __kthread_queue_delayed_work(struct kthread_worker *worker, struct kthread_delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { struct timer_list *timer = &dwork->timer; struct kthread_work *work = &dwork->work; WARN_ON_ONCE(timer->function != kthread_delayed_work_timer_fn); /* * If @delay is 0, queue @dwork->work immediately. This is for * both optimization and correctness. The earliest @timer can * expire is on the closest next tick and delayed_work users depend * on that there's no such delay when @delay is 0. */ if (!delay) { kthread_insert_work(worker, work, &worker->work_list); return; } /* Be paranoid and try to detect possible races already now. */ kthread_insert_work_sanity_check(worker, work); list_add(&work->node, &worker->delayed_work_list); work->worker = worker; timer->expires = jiffies + delay; add_timer(timer); } /** * kthread_queue_delayed_work - queue the associated kthread work * after a delay. * @worker: target kthread_worker * @dwork: kthread_delayed_work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queuing * * If the work has not been pending it starts a timer that will queue * the work after the given @delay. If @delay is zero, it queues the * work immediately. * * Return: %false if the @work has already been pending. It means that * either the timer was running or the work was queued. It returns %true * otherwise. */ bool kthread_queue_delayed_work(struct kthread_worker *worker, struct kthread_delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { struct kthread_work *work = &dwork->work; unsigned long flags; bool ret = false; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, flags); if (!queuing_blocked(worker, work)) { __kthread_queue_delayed_work(worker, dwork, delay); ret = true; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_queue_delayed_work); struct kthread_flush_work { struct kthread_work work; struct completion done; }; static void kthread_flush_work_fn(struct kthread_work *work) { struct kthread_flush_work *fwork = container_of(work, struct kthread_flush_work, work); complete(&fwork->done); } /** * kthread_flush_work - flush a kthread_work * @work: work to flush * * If @work is queued or executing, wait for it to finish execution. */ void kthread_flush_work(struct kthread_work *work) { struct kthread_flush_work fwork = { KTHREAD_WORK_INIT(fwork.work, kthread_flush_work_fn), COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(fwork.done), }; struct kthread_worker *worker; bool noop = false; worker = work->worker; if (!worker) return; raw_spin_lock_irq(&worker->lock); /* Work must not be used with >1 worker, see kthread_queue_work(). */ WARN_ON_ONCE(work->worker != worker); if (!list_empty(&work->node)) kthread_insert_work(worker, &fwork.work, work->node.next); else if (worker->current_work == work) kthread_insert_work(worker, &fwork.work, worker->work_list.next); else noop = true; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&worker->lock); if (!noop) wait_for_completion(&fwork.done); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_flush_work); /* * Make sure that the timer is neither set nor running and could * not manipulate the work list_head any longer. * * The function is called under worker->lock. The lock is temporary * released but the timer can't be set again in the meantime. */ static void kthread_cancel_delayed_work_timer(struct kthread_work *work, unsigned long *flags) { struct kthread_delayed_work *dwork = container_of(work, struct kthread_delayed_work, work); struct kthread_worker *worker = work->worker; /* * del_timer_sync() must be called to make sure that the timer * callback is not running. The lock must be temporary released * to avoid a deadlock with the callback. In the meantime, * any queuing is blocked by setting the canceling counter. */ work->canceling++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, *flags); del_timer_sync(&dwork->timer); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, *flags); work->canceling--; } /* * This function removes the work from the worker queue. * * It is called under worker->lock. The caller must make sure that * the timer used by delayed work is not running, e.g. by calling * kthread_cancel_delayed_work_timer(). * * The work might still be in use when this function finishes. See the * current_work proceed by the worker. * * Return: %true if @work was pending and successfully canceled, * %false if @work was not pending */ static bool __kthread_cancel_work(struct kthread_work *work) { /* * Try to remove the work from a worker list. It might either * be from worker->work_list or from worker->delayed_work_list. */ if (!list_empty(&work->node)) { list_del_init(&work->node); return true; } return false; } /** * kthread_mod_delayed_work - modify delay of or queue a kthread delayed work * @worker: kthread worker to use * @dwork: kthread delayed work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queuing * * If @dwork is idle, equivalent to kthread_queue_delayed_work(). Otherwise, * modify @dwork's timer so that it expires after @delay. If @delay is zero, * @work is guaranteed to be queued immediately. * * Return: %false if @dwork was idle and queued, %true otherwise. * * A special case is when the work is being canceled in parallel. * It might be caused either by the real kthread_cancel_delayed_work_sync() * or yet another kthread_mod_delayed_work() call. We let the other command * win and return %true here. The return value can be used for reference * counting and the number of queued works stays the same. Anyway, the caller * is supposed to synchronize these operations a reasonable way. * * This function is safe to call from any context including IRQ handler. * See __kthread_cancel_work() and kthread_delayed_work_timer_fn() * for details. */ bool kthread_mod_delayed_work(struct kthread_worker *worker, struct kthread_delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { struct kthread_work *work = &dwork->work; unsigned long flags; int ret; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, flags); /* Do not bother with canceling when never queued. */ if (!work->worker) { ret = false; goto fast_queue; } /* Work must not be used with >1 worker, see kthread_queue_work() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(work->worker != worker); /* * Temporary cancel the work but do not fight with another command * that is canceling the work as well. * * It is a bit tricky because of possible races with another * mod_delayed_work() and cancel_delayed_work() callers. * * The timer must be canceled first because worker->lock is released * when doing so. But the work can be removed from the queue (list) * only when it can be queued again so that the return value can * be used for reference counting. */ kthread_cancel_delayed_work_timer(work, &flags); if (work->canceling) { /* The number of works in the queue does not change. */ ret = true; goto out; } ret = __kthread_cancel_work(work); fast_queue: __kthread_queue_delayed_work(worker, dwork, delay); out: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_mod_delayed_work); static bool __kthread_cancel_work_sync(struct kthread_work *work, bool is_dwork) { struct kthread_worker *worker = work->worker; unsigned long flags; int ret = false; if (!worker) goto out; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, flags); /* Work must not be used with >1 worker, see kthread_queue_work(). */ WARN_ON_ONCE(work->worker != worker); if (is_dwork) kthread_cancel_delayed_work_timer(work, &flags); ret = __kthread_cancel_work(work); if (worker->current_work != work) goto out_fast; /* * The work is in progress and we need to wait with the lock released. * In the meantime, block any queuing by setting the canceling counter. */ work->canceling++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags); kthread_flush_work(work); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, flags); work->canceling--; out_fast: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags); out: return ret; } /** * kthread_cancel_work_sync - cancel a kthread work and wait for it to finish * @work: the kthread work to cancel * * Cancel @work and wait for its execution to finish. This function * can be used even if the work re-queues itself. On return from this * function, @work is guaranteed to be not pending or executing on any CPU. * * kthread_cancel_work_sync(&delayed_work->work) must not be used for * delayed_work's. Use kthread_cancel_delayed_work_sync() instead. * * The caller must ensure that the worker on which @work was last * queued can't be destroyed before this function returns. * * Return: %true if @work was pending, %false otherwise. */ bool kthread_cancel_work_sync(struct kthread_work *work) { return __kthread_cancel_work_sync(work, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_cancel_work_sync); /** * kthread_cancel_delayed_work_sync - cancel a kthread delayed work and * wait for it to finish. * @dwork: the kthread delayed work to cancel * * This is kthread_cancel_work_sync() for delayed works. * * Return: %true if @dwork was pending, %false otherwise. */ bool kthread_cancel_delayed_work_sync(struct kthread_delayed_work *dwork) { return __kthread_cancel_work_sync(&dwork->work, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_cancel_delayed_work_sync); /** * kthread_flush_worker - flush all current works on a kthread_worker * @worker: worker to flush * * Wait until all currently executing or pending works on @worker are * finished. */ void kthread_flush_worker(struct kthread_worker *worker) { struct kthread_flush_work fwork = { KTHREAD_WORK_INIT(fwork.work, kthread_flush_work_fn), COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(fwork.done), }; kthread_queue_work(worker, &fwork.work); wait_for_completion(&fwork.done); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_flush_worker); /** * kthread_destroy_worker - destroy a kthread worker * @worker: worker to be destroyed * * Flush and destroy @worker. The simple flush is enough because the kthread * worker API is used only in trivial scenarios. There are no multi-step state * machines needed. */ void kthread_destroy_worker(struct kthread_worker *worker) { struct task_struct *task; task = worker->task; if (WARN_ON(!task)) return; kthread_flush_worker(worker); kthread_stop(task); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&worker->work_list)); kfree(worker); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_destroy_worker); /** * kthread_use_mm - make the calling kthread operate on an address space * @mm: address space to operate on */ void kthread_use_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct mm_struct *active_mm; struct task_struct *tsk = current; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(tsk->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); WARN_ON_ONCE(tsk->mm); task_lock(tsk); /* Hold off tlb flush IPIs while switching mm's */ local_irq_disable(); active_mm = tsk->active_mm; if (active_mm != mm) { mmgrab(mm); tsk->active_mm = mm; } tsk->mm = mm; switch_mm_irqs_off(active_mm, mm, tsk); local_irq_enable(); task_unlock(tsk); #ifdef finish_arch_post_lock_switch finish_arch_post_lock_switch(); #endif if (active_mm != mm) mmdrop(active_mm); to_kthread(tsk)->oldfs = force_uaccess_begin(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_use_mm); /** * kthread_unuse_mm - reverse the effect of kthread_use_mm() * @mm: address space to operate on */ void kthread_unuse_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(tsk->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!tsk->mm); force_uaccess_end(to_kthread(tsk)->oldfs); task_lock(tsk); sync_mm_rss(mm); local_irq_disable(); tsk->mm = NULL; /* active_mm is still 'mm' */ enter_lazy_tlb(mm, tsk); local_irq_enable(); task_unlock(tsk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_unuse_mm); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP /** * kthread_associate_blkcg - associate blkcg to current kthread * @css: the cgroup info * * Current thread must be a kthread. The thread is running jobs on behalf of * other threads. In some cases, we expect the jobs attach cgroup info of * original threads instead of that of current thread. This function stores * original thread's cgroup info in current kthread context for later * retrieval. */ void kthread_associate_blkcg(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct kthread *kthread; if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) return; kthread = to_kthread(current); if (!kthread) return; if (kthread->blkcg_css) { css_put(kthread->blkcg_css); kthread->blkcg_css = NULL; } if (css) { css_get(css); kthread->blkcg_css = css; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_associate_blkcg); /** * kthread_blkcg - get associated blkcg css of current kthread * * Current thread must be a kthread. */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *kthread_blkcg(void) { struct kthread *kthread; if (current->flags & PF_KTHREAD) { kthread = to_kthread(current); if (kthread) return kthread->blkcg_css; } return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_blkcg); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #define __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> static inline void vmacache_flush(struct task_struct *tsk) { memset(tsk->vmacache.vmas, 0, sizeof(tsk->vmacache.vmas)); } extern void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma); extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif static inline void vmacache_invalidate(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->vmacache_seqnum++; } #endif /* __LINUX_VMACACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/genhd.h> #include "../blk.h" /* * add_gd_partition adds a partitions details to the devices partition * description. */ struct parsed_partitions { struct block_device *bdev; char name[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; struct { sector_t from; sector_t size; int flags; bool has_info; struct partition_meta_info info; } *parts; int next; int limit; bool access_beyond_eod; char *pp_buf; }; typedef struct { struct page *v; } Sector; void *read_part_sector(struct parsed_partitions *state, sector_t n, Sector *p); static inline void put_dev_sector(Sector p) { put_page(p.v); } static inline void put_partition(struct parsed_partitions *p, int n, sector_t from, sector_t size) { if (n < p->limit) { char tmp[1 + BDEVNAME_SIZE + 10 + 1]; p->parts[n].from = from; p->parts[n].size = size; snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), " %s%d", p->name, n); strlcat(p->pp_buf, tmp, PAGE_SIZE); } } /* detection routines go here in alphabetical order: */ int adfspart_check_ADFS(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_CUMANA(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_EESOX(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_ICS(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_POWERTEC(struct parsed_partitions *state); int aix_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int amiga_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int atari_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int cmdline_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int efi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ibm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *); int karma_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ldm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int mac_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int msdos_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int osf_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sgi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sun_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sysv68_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ultrix_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * ioport.h Definitions of routines for detecting, reserving and * allocating system resources. * * Authors: Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_IOPORT_H #define _LINUX_IOPORT_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bits.h> /* * Resources are tree-like, allowing * nesting etc.. */ struct resource { resource_size_t start; resource_size_t end; const char *name; unsigned long flags; unsigned long desc; struct resource *parent, *sibling, *child; }; /* * IO resources have these defined flags. * * PCI devices expose these flags to userspace in the "resource" sysfs file, * so don't move them. */ #define IORESOURCE_BITS 0x000000ff /* Bus-specific bits */ #define IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS 0x00001f00 /* Resource type */ #define IORESOURCE_IO 0x00000100 /* PCI/ISA I/O ports */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM 0x00000200 #define IORESOURCE_REG 0x00000300 /* Register offsets */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ 0x00000400 #define IORESOURCE_DMA 0x00000800 #define IORESOURCE_BUS 0x00001000 #define IORESOURCE_PREFETCH 0x00002000 /* No side effects */ #define IORESOURCE_READONLY 0x00004000 #define IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE 0x00008000 #define IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH 0x00010000 #define IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE 0x00020000 #define IORESOURCE_SIZEALIGN 0x00040000 /* size indicates alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN 0x00080000 /* start field is alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_64 0x00100000 #define IORESOURCE_WINDOW 0x00200000 /* forwarded by bridge */ #define IORESOURCE_MUXED 0x00400000 /* Resource is software muxed */ #define IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS 0x01000000 /* Resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM 0x01000000 /* System RAM (modifier) */ /* IORESOURCE_SYSRAM specific bits. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_DRIVER_MANAGED 0x02000000 /* Always detected via a driver. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_MERGEABLE 0x04000000 /* Resource can be merged. */ #define IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE 0x08000000 /* Userland may not map this resource */ #define IORESOURCE_DISABLED 0x10000000 #define IORESOURCE_UNSET 0x20000000 /* No address assigned yet */ #define IORESOURCE_AUTO 0x40000000 #define IORESOURCE_BUSY 0x80000000 /* Driver has marked this resource busy */ /* I/O resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM (IORESOURCE_MEM|IORESOURCE_SYSRAM) /* PnP IRQ specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHEDGE (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWEDGE (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHLEVEL (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWLEVEL (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_SHAREABLE (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_OPTIONAL (1<<5) /* PnP DMA specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPE_MASK (3<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8BIT (0<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8AND16BIT (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_16BIT (2<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_MASTER (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_BYTE (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_WORD (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_SPEED_MASK (3<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_COMPATIBLE (0<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEA (1<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEB (2<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEF (3<<6) /* PnP memory I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_WRITEABLE (1<<0) /* dup: IORESOURCE_READONLY */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_CACHEABLE (1<<1) /* dup: IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_RANGELENGTH (1<<2) /* dup: IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_TYPE_MASK (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8BIT (0<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_16BIT (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8AND16BIT (2<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_32BIT (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_SHADOWABLE (1<<5) /* dup: IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_EXPANSIONROM (1<<6) /* PnP I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IO_16BIT_ADDR (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IO_FIXED (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IO_SPARSE (1<<2) /* PCI ROM control bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_ENABLE (1<<0) /* ROM is enabled, same as PCI_ROM_ADDRESS_ENABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW (1<<1) /* Use RAM image, not ROM BAR */ /* PCI control bits. Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM. */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED (1<<4) /* Do not move resource */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_EA_BEI (1<<5) /* BAR Equivalent Indicator */ /* * I/O Resource Descriptors * * Descriptors are used by walk_iomem_res_desc() and region_intersects() * for searching a specific resource range in the iomem table. Assign * a new descriptor when a resource range supports the search interfaces. * Otherwise, resource.desc must be set to IORES_DESC_NONE (0). */ enum { IORES_DESC_NONE = 0, IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL = 1, IORES_DESC_ACPI_TABLES = 2, IORES_DESC_ACPI_NV_STORAGE = 3, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY = 4, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY_LEGACY = 5, IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PRIVATE_MEMORY = 6, IORES_DESC_RESERVED = 7, IORES_DESC_SOFT_RESERVED = 8, }; /* * Flags controlling ioremap() behavior. */ enum { IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM = BIT(0), IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED = BIT(1), }; /* helpers to define resources */ #define DEFINE_RES_NAMED(_start, _size, _name, _flags) \ { \ .start = (_start), \ .end = (_start) + (_size) - 1, \ .name = (_name), \ .flags = (_flags), \ .desc = IORES_DESC_NONE, \ } #define DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_IO) #define DEFINE_RES_IO(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_MEM) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED(_irq, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_irq), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_IRQ) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ(_irq) \ DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED((_irq), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED(_dma, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_dma), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_DMA) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA(_dma) \ DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED((_dma), NULL) /* PC/ISA/whatever - the normal PC address spaces: IO and memory */ extern struct resource ioport_resource; extern struct resource iomem_resource; extern struct resource *request_resource_conflict(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int request_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int release_resource(struct resource *new); void release_child_resources(struct resource *new); extern void reserve_region_with_split(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t end, const char *name); extern struct resource *insert_resource_conflict(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern int insert_resource(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern void insert_resource_expand_to_fit(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int remove_resource(struct resource *old); extern void arch_remove_reservations(struct resource *avail); extern int allocate_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new, resource_size_t size, resource_size_t min, resource_size_t max, resource_size_t align, resource_size_t (*alignf)(void *, const struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t), void *alignf_data); struct resource *lookup_resource(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start); int adjust_resource(struct resource *res, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t size); resource_size_t resource_alignment(struct resource *res); static inline resource_size_t resource_size(const struct resource *res) { return res->end - res->start + 1; } static inline unsigned long resource_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS; } static inline unsigned long resource_ext_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS; } /* True iff r1 completely contains r2 */ static inline bool resource_contains(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { if (resource_type(r1) != resource_type(r2)) return false; if (r1->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET || r2->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET) return false; return r1->start <= r2->start && r1->end >= r2->end; } /* Convenience shorthand with allocation */ #define request_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_muxed_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_MUXED) #define __request_mem_region(start,n,name, excl) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), excl) #define request_mem_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_mem_region_exclusive(start,n,name) \ __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE) #define rename_region(region, newname) do { (region)->name = (newname); } while (0) extern struct resource * __request_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name, int flags); /* Compatibility cruft */ #define release_region(start,n) __release_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define release_mem_region(start,n) __release_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __release_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE extern void release_mem_region_adjustable(resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG extern void merge_system_ram_resource(struct resource *res); #endif /* Wrappers for managed devices */ struct device; extern int devm_request_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern void devm_release_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *new); #define devm_request_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name)) #define devm_request_mem_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name)) extern struct resource * __devm_request_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name); #define devm_release_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define devm_release_mem_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __devm_release_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n); extern int iomem_map_sanity_check(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size); extern bool iomem_is_exclusive(u64 addr); extern int walk_system_ram_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg, int (*func)(unsigned long, unsigned long, void *)); extern int walk_mem_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_system_ram_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_iomem_res_desc(unsigned long desc, unsigned long flags, u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); /* True if any part of r1 overlaps r2 */ static inline bool resource_overlaps(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { return (r1->start <= r2->end && r1->end >= r2->start); } struct resource *devm_request_free_mem_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *base, unsigned long size); struct resource *request_free_mem_region(struct resource *base, unsigned long size, const char *name); #ifdef CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res); #else static inline void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res) { }; #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_IOPORT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl.h (C) 2002 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #ifndef __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #define __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl.h> struct posix_acl_entry { short e_tag; unsigned short e_perm; union { kuid_t e_uid; kgid_t e_gid; }; }; struct posix_acl { refcount_t a_refcount; struct rcu_head a_rcu; unsigned int a_count; struct posix_acl_entry a_entries[]; }; #define FOREACH_ACL_ENTRY(pa, acl, pe) \ for(pa=(acl)->a_entries, pe=pa+(acl)->a_count; pa<pe; pa++) /* * Duplicate an ACL handle. */ static inline struct posix_acl * posix_acl_dup(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl) refcount_inc(&acl->a_refcount); return acl; } /* * Free an ACL handle. */ static inline void posix_acl_release(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl && refcount_dec_and_test(&acl->a_refcount)) kfree_rcu(acl, a_rcu); } /* posix_acl.c */ extern void posix_acl_init(struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_alloc(int, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_valid(struct user_namespace *, const struct posix_acl *); extern int posix_acl_permission(struct inode *, const struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_mode(umode_t, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_equiv_mode(const struct posix_acl *, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_create(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_chmod(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t); extern struct posix_acl *get_posix_acl(struct inode *, int); extern int set_posix_acl(struct inode *, int, struct posix_acl *); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL extern int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *, umode_t); extern int posix_acl_create(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **, struct posix_acl **); extern int posix_acl_update_mode(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **); extern int simple_set_acl(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); extern int simple_acl_create(struct inode *, struct inode *); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl_rcu(struct inode *inode, int type); void set_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type, struct posix_acl *acl); void forget_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode); static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { inode->i_acl = NULL; inode->i_default_acl = NULL; } #else static inline int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return 0; } #define simple_set_acl NULL static inline int simple_acl_create(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int posix_acl_create(struct inode *inode, umode_t *mode, struct posix_acl **default_acl, struct posix_acl **acl) { *default_acl = *acl = NULL; return 0; } static inline void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode) { } #endif /* CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL */ struct posix_acl *get_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); #endif /* __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Directory notifications for Linux. * * Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002 Stephen Rothwell * * Copyright (C) 2009 Eric Paris <Red Hat Inc> * dnotify was largly rewritten to use the new fsnotify infrastructure */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/dnotify.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> int dir_notify_enable __read_mostly = 1; static struct kmem_cache *dnotify_struct_cache __read_mostly; static struct kmem_cache *dnotify_mark_cache __read_mostly; static struct fsnotify_group *dnotify_group __read_mostly; /* * dnotify will attach one of these to each inode (i_fsnotify_marks) which * is being watched by dnotify. If multiple userspace applications are watching * the same directory with dnotify their information is chained in dn */ struct dnotify_mark { struct fsnotify_mark fsn_mark; struct dnotify_struct *dn; }; /* * When a process starts or stops watching an inode the set of events which * dnotify cares about for that inode may change. This function runs the * list of everything receiving dnotify events about this directory and calculates * the set of all those events. After it updates what dnotify is interested in * it calls the fsnotify function so it can update the set of all events relevant * to this inode. */ static void dnotify_recalc_inode_mask(struct fsnotify_mark *fsn_mark) { __u32 new_mask = 0; struct dnotify_struct *dn; struct dnotify_mark *dn_mark = container_of(fsn_mark, struct dnotify_mark, fsn_mark); assert_spin_locked(&fsn_mark->lock); for (dn = dn_mark->dn; dn != NULL; dn = dn->dn_next) new_mask |= (dn->dn_mask & ~FS_DN_MULTISHOT); if (fsn_mark->mask == new_mask) return; fsn_mark->mask = new_mask; fsnotify_recalc_mask(fsn_mark->connector); } /* * Mains fsnotify call where events are delivered to dnotify. * Find the dnotify mark on the relevant inode, run the list of dnotify structs * on that mark and determine which of them has expressed interest in receiving * events of this type. When found send the correct process and signal and * destroy the dnotify struct if it was not registered to receive multiple * events. */ static int dnotify_handle_event(struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark, u32 mask, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie) { struct dnotify_mark *dn_mark; struct dnotify_struct *dn; struct dnotify_struct **prev; struct fown_struct *fown; __u32 test_mask = mask & ~FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD; /* not a dir, dnotify doesn't care */ if (!dir && !(mask & FS_ISDIR)) return 0; dn_mark = container_of(inode_mark, struct dnotify_mark, fsn_mark); spin_lock(&inode_mark->lock); prev = &dn_mark->dn; while ((dn = *prev) != NULL) { if ((dn->dn_mask & test_mask) == 0) { prev = &dn->dn_next; continue; } fown = &dn->dn_filp->f_owner; send_sigio(fown, dn->dn_fd, POLL_MSG); if (dn->dn_mask & FS_DN_MULTISHOT) prev = &dn->dn_next; else { *prev = dn->dn_next; kmem_cache_free(dnotify_struct_cache, dn); dnotify_recalc_inode_mask(inode_mark); } } spin_unlock(&inode_mark->lock); return 0; } static void dnotify_free_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *fsn_mark) { struct dnotify_mark *dn_mark = container_of(fsn_mark, struct dnotify_mark, fsn_mark); BUG_ON(dn_mark->dn); kmem_cache_free(dnotify_mark_cache, dn_mark); } static const struct fsnotify_ops dnotify_fsnotify_ops = { .handle_inode_event = dnotify_handle_event, .free_mark = dnotify_free_mark, }; /* * Called every time a file is closed. Looks first for a dnotify mark on the * inode. If one is found run all of the ->dn structures attached to that * mark for one relevant to this process closing the file and remove that * dnotify_struct. If that was the last dnotify_struct also remove the * fsnotify_mark. */ void dnotify_flush(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t id) { struct fsnotify_mark *fsn_mark; struct dnotify_mark *dn_mark; struct dnotify_struct *dn; struct dnotify_struct **prev; struct inode *inode; bool free = false; inode = file_inode(filp); if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return; fsn_mark = fsnotify_find_mark(&inode->i_fsnotify_marks, dnotify_group); if (!fsn_mark) return; dn_mark = container_of(fsn_mark, struct dnotify_mark, fsn_mark); mutex_lock(&dnotify_group->mark_mutex); spin_lock(&fsn_mark->lock); prev = &dn_mark->dn; while ((dn = *prev) != NULL) { if ((dn->dn_owner == id) && (dn->dn_filp == filp)) { *prev = dn->dn_next; kmem_cache_free(dnotify_struct_cache, dn); dnotify_recalc_inode_mask(fsn_mark); break; } prev = &dn->dn_next; } spin_unlock(&fsn_mark->lock); /* nothing else could have found us thanks to the dnotify_groups mark_mutex */ if (dn_mark->dn == NULL) { fsnotify_detach_mark(fsn_mark); free = true; } mutex_unlock(&dnotify_group->mark_mutex); if (free) fsnotify_free_mark(fsn_mark); fsnotify_put_mark(fsn_mark); } /* this conversion is done only at watch creation */ static __u32 convert_arg(unsigned long arg) { __u32 new_mask = FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD; if (arg & DN_MULTISHOT) new_mask |= FS_DN_MULTISHOT; if (arg & DN_DELETE) new_mask |= (FS_DELETE | FS_MOVED_FROM); if (arg & DN_MODIFY) new_mask |= FS_MODIFY; if (arg & DN_ACCESS) new_mask |= FS_ACCESS; if (arg & DN_ATTRIB) new_mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (arg & DN_RENAME) new_mask |= FS_DN_RENAME; if (arg & DN_CREATE) new_mask |= (FS_CREATE | FS_MOVED_TO); return new_mask; } /* * If multiple processes watch the same inode with dnotify there is only one * dnotify mark in inode->i_fsnotify_marks but we chain a dnotify_struct * onto that mark. This function either attaches the new dnotify_struct onto * that list, or it |= the mask onto an existing dnofiy_struct. */ static int attach_dn(struct dnotify_struct *dn, struct dnotify_mark *dn_mark, fl_owner_t id, int fd, struct file *filp, __u32 mask) { struct dnotify_struct *odn; odn = dn_mark->dn; while (odn != NULL) { /* adding more events to existing dnofiy_struct? */ if ((odn->dn_owner == id) && (odn->dn_filp == filp)) { odn->dn_fd = fd; odn->dn_mask |= mask; return -EEXIST; } odn = odn->dn_next; } dn->dn_mask = mask; dn->dn_fd = fd; dn->dn_filp = filp; dn->dn_owner = id; dn->dn_next = dn_mark->dn; dn_mark->dn = dn; return 0; } /* * When a process calls fcntl to attach a dnotify watch to a directory it ends * up here. Allocate both a mark for fsnotify to add and a dnotify_struct to be * attached to the fsnotify_mark. */ int fcntl_dirnotify(int fd, struct file *filp, unsigned long arg) { struct dnotify_mark *new_dn_mark, *dn_mark; struct fsnotify_mark *new_fsn_mark, *fsn_mark; struct dnotify_struct *dn; struct inode *inode; fl_owner_t id = current->files; struct file *f; int destroy = 0, error = 0; __u32 mask; /* we use these to tell if we need to kfree */ new_fsn_mark = NULL; dn = NULL; if (!dir_notify_enable) { error = -EINVAL; goto out_err; } /* a 0 mask means we are explicitly removing the watch */ if ((arg & ~DN_MULTISHOT) == 0) { dnotify_flush(filp, id); error = 0; goto out_err; } /* dnotify only works on directories */ inode = file_inode(filp); if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { error = -ENOTDIR; goto out_err; } /* * convert the userspace DN_* "arg" to the internal FS_* * defined in fsnotify */ mask = convert_arg(arg); error = security_path_notify(&filp->f_path, mask, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE); if (error) goto out_err; /* expect most fcntl to add new rather than augment old */ dn = kmem_cache_alloc(dnotify_struct_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!dn) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out_err; } /* new fsnotify mark, we expect most fcntl calls to add a new mark */ new_dn_mark = kmem_cache_alloc(dnotify_mark_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_dn_mark) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out_err; } /* set up the new_fsn_mark and new_dn_mark */ new_fsn_mark = &new_dn_mark->fsn_mark; fsnotify_init_mark(new_fsn_mark, dnotify_group); new_fsn_mark->mask = mask; new_dn_mark->dn = NULL; /* this is needed to prevent the fcntl/close race described below */ mutex_lock(&dnotify_group->mark_mutex); /* add the new_fsn_mark or find an old one. */ fsn_mark = fsnotify_find_mark(&inode->i_fsnotify_marks, dnotify_group); if (fsn_mark) { dn_mark = container_of(fsn_mark, struct dnotify_mark, fsn_mark); spin_lock(&fsn_mark->lock); } else { error = fsnotify_add_inode_mark_locked(new_fsn_mark, inode, 0); if (error) { mutex_unlock(&dnotify_group->mark_mutex); goto out_err; } spin_lock(&new_fsn_mark->lock); fsn_mark = new_fsn_mark; dn_mark = new_dn_mark; /* we used new_fsn_mark, so don't free it */ new_fsn_mark = NULL; } rcu_read_lock(); f = fcheck(fd); rcu_read_unlock(); /* if (f != filp) means that we lost a race and another task/thread * actually closed the fd we are still playing with before we grabbed * the dnotify_groups mark_mutex and fsn_mark->lock. Since closing the * fd is the only time we clean up the marks we need to get our mark * off the list. */ if (f != filp) { /* if we added ourselves, shoot ourselves, it's possible that * the flush actually did shoot this fsn_mark. That's fine too * since multiple calls to destroy_mark is perfectly safe, if * we found a dn_mark already attached to the inode, just sod * off silently as the flush at close time dealt with it. */ if (dn_mark == new_dn_mark) destroy = 1; error = 0; goto out; } __f_setown(filp, task_pid(current), PIDTYPE_TGID, 0); error = attach_dn(dn, dn_mark, id, fd, filp, mask); /* !error means that we attached the dn to the dn_mark, so don't free it */ if (!error) dn = NULL; /* -EEXIST means that we didn't add this new dn and used an old one. * that isn't an error (and the unused dn should be freed) */ else if (error == -EEXIST) error = 0; dnotify_recalc_inode_mask(fsn_mark); out: spin_unlock(&fsn_mark->lock); if (destroy) fsnotify_detach_mark(fsn_mark); mutex_unlock(&dnotify_group->mark_mutex); if (destroy) fsnotify_free_mark(fsn_mark); fsnotify_put_mark(fsn_mark); out_err: if (new_fsn_mark) fsnotify_put_mark(new_fsn_mark); if (dn) kmem_cache_free(dnotify_struct_cache, dn); return error; } static int __init dnotify_init(void) { dnotify_struct_cache = KMEM_CACHE(dnotify_struct, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT); dnotify_mark_cache = KMEM_CACHE(dnotify_mark, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT); dnotify_group = fsnotify_alloc_group(&dnotify_fsnotify_ops); if (IS_ERR(dnotify_group)) panic("unable to allocate fsnotify group for dnotify\n"); return 0; } module_init(dnotify_init)
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #define __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kern_levels.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> extern const char linux_banner[]; extern const char linux_proc_banner[]; extern int oops_in_progress; /* If set, an oops, panic(), BUG() or die() is in progress */ #define PRINTK_MAX_SINGLE_HEADER_LEN 2 static inline int printk_get_level(const char *buffer) { if (buffer[0] == KERN_SOH_ASCII && buffer[1]) { switch (buffer[1]) { case '0' ... '7': case 'c': /* KERN_CONT */ return buffer[1]; } } return 0; } static inline const char *printk_skip_level(const char *buffer) { if (printk_get_level(buffer)) return buffer + 2; return buffer; } static inline const char *printk_skip_headers(const char *buffer) { while (printk_get_level(buffer)) buffer = printk_skip_level(buffer); return buffer; } #define CONSOLE_EXT_LOG_MAX 8192 /* printk's without a loglevel use this.. */ #define MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT /* We show everything that is MORE important than this.. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT 0 /* Mum's the word */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MIN 1 /* Minimum loglevel we let people use */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEBUG 10 /* issue debug messages */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH 15 /* You can't shut this one up */ /* * Default used to be hard-coded at 7, quiet used to be hardcoded at 4, * we're now allowing both to be set from kernel config. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET extern int console_printk[]; #define console_loglevel (console_printk[0]) #define default_message_loglevel (console_printk[1]) #define minimum_console_loglevel (console_printk[2]) #define default_console_loglevel (console_printk[3]) static inline void console_silent(void) { console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT; } static inline void console_verbose(void) { if (console_loglevel) console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH; } /* strlen("ratelimit") + 1 */ #define DEVKMSG_STR_MAX_SIZE 10 extern char devkmsg_log_str[]; struct ctl_table; extern int suppress_printk; struct va_format { const char *fmt; va_list *va; }; /* * FW_BUG * Add this to a message where you are sure the firmware is buggy or behaves * really stupid or out of spec. Be aware that the responsible BIOS developer * should be able to fix this issue or at least get a concrete idea of the * problem by reading your message without the need of looking at the kernel * code. * * Use it for definite and high priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_WARN * Use it for not that clear (e.g. could the kernel messed up things already?) * and medium priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_INFO * Use this one if you want to tell the user or vendor about something * suspicious, but generally harmless related to the firmware. * * Use it for information or very low priority BIOS bugs. */ #define FW_BUG "[Firmware Bug]: " #define FW_WARN "[Firmware Warn]: " #define FW_INFO "[Firmware Info]: " /* * HW_ERR * Add this to a message for hardware errors, so that user can report * it to hardware vendor instead of LKML or software vendor. */ #define HW_ERR "[Hardware Error]: " /* * DEPRECATED * Add this to a message whenever you want to warn user space about the use * of a deprecated aspect of an API so they can stop using it */ #define DEPRECATED "[Deprecated]: " /* * Dummy printk for disabled debugging statements to use whilst maintaining * gcc's format checking. */ #define no_printk(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ if (0) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK extern asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) void early_printk(const char *fmt, ...); #else static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold void early_printk(const char *s, ...) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK_NMI extern void printk_nmi_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_exit(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void); #else static inline void printk_nmi_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_exit(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void) { } #endif /* PRINTK_NMI */ struct dev_printk_info; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK asmlinkage __printf(4, 0) int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level, const struct dev_printk_info *dev_info, const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Special printk facility for scheduler/timekeeping use only, _DO_NOT_USE_ ! */ __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Please don't use printk_ratelimit(), because it shares ratelimiting state * with all other unrelated printk_ratelimit() callsites. Instead use * printk_ratelimited() or plain old __ratelimit(). */ extern int __printk_ratelimit(const char *func); #define printk_ratelimit() __printk_ratelimit(__func__) extern bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec); extern int printk_delay_msec; extern int dmesg_restrict; extern int devkmsg_sysctl_set_loglvl(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buf, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); extern void wake_up_klogd(void); char *log_buf_addr_get(void); u32 log_buf_len_get(void); void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void); void __init setup_log_buf(int early); __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...); void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl); void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl); extern asmlinkage void dump_stack(void) __cold; extern void printk_safe_flush(void); extern void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void); #else static inline __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *s, va_list args) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline int printk_ratelimit(void) { return 0; } static inline bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec) { return false; } static inline void wake_up_klogd(void) { } static inline char *log_buf_addr_get(void) { return NULL; } static inline u32 log_buf_len_get(void) { return 0; } static inline void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void) { } static inline void setup_log_buf(int early) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void dump_stack(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void) { } #endif extern int kptr_restrict; /** * pr_fmt - used by the pr_*() macros to generate the printk format string * @fmt: format string passed from a pr_*() macro * * This macro can be used to generate a unified format string for pr_*() * macros. A common use is to prefix all pr_*() messages in a file with a common * string. For example, defining this at the top of a source file: * * #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt * * would prefix all pr_info, pr_emerg... messages in the file with the module * name. */ #ifndef pr_fmt #define pr_fmt(fmt) fmt #endif /** * pr_emerg - Print an emergency-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_EMERG loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_emerg(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_alert - Print an alert-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ALERT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_alert(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_crit - Print a critical-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CRIT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_crit(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_err - Print an error-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ERR loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_err(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_warn - Print a warning-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_WARNING loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() * to generate the format string. */ #define pr_warn(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_notice - Print a notice-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_NOTICE loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_notice(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_info - Print an info-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_INFO loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_info(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_cont - Continues a previous log message in the same line. * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CONT loglevel. It should only be * used when continuing a log message with no newline ('\n') enclosed. Otherwise * it defaults back to KERN_DEFAULT loglevel. */ #define pr_cont(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CONT fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_devel - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_DEBUG loglevel if DEBUG is * defined. Otherwise it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string. */ #ifdef DEBUG #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #include <linux/dynamic_debug.h> /** * pr_debug - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to dynamic_pr_debug() if CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG is * set. Otherwise, if DEBUG is defined, it's equivalent to a printk with * KERN_DEBUG loglevel. If DEBUG is not defined it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string (dynamic_pr_debug() uses * pr_fmt() internally). */ #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ dynamic_pr_debug(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Print a one-time message (analogous to WARN_ONCE() et al): */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk_deferred(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #else #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_once, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * ratelimited messages with local ratelimit_state, * no local ratelimit_state used in the !PRINTK case */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ \ if (__ratelimit(&_rs)) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ }) #else #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_ratelimited, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) /* descriptor check is first to prevent flooding with "callbacks suppressed" */ #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ do { \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ DEFINE_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_METADATA(descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt)); \ if (DYNAMIC_DEBUG_BRANCH(descriptor) && \ __ratelimit(&_rs)) \ __dynamic_pr_debug(&descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif extern const struct file_operations kmsg_fops; enum { DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET }; extern int hex_dump_to_buffer(const void *buf, size_t len, int rowsize, int groupsize, char *linebuf, size_t linebuflen, bool ascii); #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK extern void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); #else static inline void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } static inline void print_hex_dump_bytes(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, const void *buf, size_t len) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ dynamic_hex_dump(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #else static inline void print_hex_dump_debug(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } #endif /** * print_hex_dump_bytes - shorthand form of print_hex_dump() with default params * @prefix_str: string to prefix each line with; * caller supplies trailing spaces for alignment if desired * @prefix_type: controls whether prefix of an offset, address, or none * is printed (%DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, %DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, %DUMP_PREFIX_NONE) * @buf: data blob to dump * @len: number of bytes in the @buf * * Calls print_hex_dump(), with log level of KERN_DEBUG, * rowsize of 16, groupsize of 1, and ASCII output included. */ #define print_hex_dump_bytes(prefix_str, prefix_type, buf, len) \ print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, 16, 1, buf, len, true) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NET Generic infrastructure for INET connection oriented protocols. * * Definitions for inet_connection_sock * * Authors: Many people, see the TCP sources * * From code originally in TCP */ #ifndef _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H #define _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> /* Cancel timers, when they are not required. */ #undef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS struct inet_bind_bucket; struct tcp_congestion_ops; /* * Pointers to address related TCP functions * (i.e. things that depend on the address family) */ struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops { int (*queue_xmit)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); void (*send_check)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*rebuild_header)(struct sock *sk); void (*sk_rx_dst_set)(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*conn_request)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *(*syn_recv_sock)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req_unhash, bool *own_req); u16 net_header_len; u16 net_frag_header_len; u16 sockaddr_len; int (*setsockopt)(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int (*getsockopt)(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); void (*addr2sockaddr)(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *); void (*mtu_reduced)(struct sock *sk); }; /** inet_connection_sock - INET connection oriented sock * * @icsk_accept_queue: FIFO of established children * @icsk_bind_hash: Bind node * @icsk_timeout: Timeout * @icsk_retransmit_timer: Resend (no ack) * @icsk_rto: Retransmit timeout * @icsk_pmtu_cookie Last pmtu seen by socket * @icsk_ca_ops Pluggable congestion control hook * @icsk_af_ops Operations which are AF_INET{4,6} specific * @icsk_ulp_ops Pluggable ULP control hook * @icsk_ulp_data ULP private data * @icsk_clean_acked Clean acked data hook * @icsk_listen_portaddr_node hash to the portaddr listener hashtable * @icsk_ca_state: Congestion control state * @icsk_retransmits: Number of unrecovered [RTO] timeouts * @icsk_pending: Scheduled timer event * @icsk_backoff: Backoff * @icsk_syn_retries: Number of allowed SYN (or equivalent) retries * @icsk_probes_out: unanswered 0 window probes * @icsk_ext_hdr_len: Network protocol overhead (IP/IPv6 options) * @icsk_ack: Delayed ACK control data * @icsk_mtup; MTU probing control data * @icsk_probes_tstamp: Probe timestamp (cleared by non-zero window ack) * @icsk_user_timeout: TCP_USER_TIMEOUT value */ struct inet_connection_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member! */ struct inet_sock icsk_inet; struct request_sock_queue icsk_accept_queue; struct inet_bind_bucket *icsk_bind_hash; unsigned long icsk_timeout; struct timer_list icsk_retransmit_timer; struct timer_list icsk_delack_timer; __u32 icsk_rto; __u32 icsk_rto_min; __u32 icsk_delack_max; __u32 icsk_pmtu_cookie; const struct tcp_congestion_ops *icsk_ca_ops; const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops *icsk_af_ops; const struct tcp_ulp_ops *icsk_ulp_ops; void __rcu *icsk_ulp_data; void (*icsk_clean_acked)(struct sock *sk, u32 acked_seq); struct hlist_node icsk_listen_portaddr_node; unsigned int (*icsk_sync_mss)(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu); __u8 icsk_ca_state:5, icsk_ca_initialized:1, icsk_ca_setsockopt:1, icsk_ca_dst_locked:1; __u8 icsk_retransmits; __u8 icsk_pending; __u8 icsk_backoff; __u8 icsk_syn_retries; __u8 icsk_probes_out; __u16 icsk_ext_hdr_len; struct { __u8 pending; /* ACK is pending */ __u8 quick; /* Scheduled number of quick acks */ __u8 pingpong; /* The session is interactive */ __u8 retry; /* Number of attempts */ __u32 ato; /* Predicted tick of soft clock */ unsigned long timeout; /* Currently scheduled timeout */ __u32 lrcvtime; /* timestamp of last received data packet */ __u16 last_seg_size; /* Size of last incoming segment */ __u16 rcv_mss; /* MSS used for delayed ACK decisions */ } icsk_ack; struct { int enabled; /* Range of MTUs to search */ int search_high; int search_low; /* Information on the current probe. */ int probe_size; u32 probe_timestamp; } icsk_mtup; u32 icsk_probes_tstamp; u32 icsk_user_timeout; u64 icsk_ca_priv[104 / sizeof(u64)]; #define ICSK_CA_PRIV_SIZE (13 * sizeof(u64)) }; #define ICSK_TIME_RETRANS 1 /* Retransmit timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_DACK 2 /* Delayed ack timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_PROBE0 3 /* Zero window probe timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_EARLY_RETRANS 4 /* Early retransmit timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_LOSS_PROBE 5 /* Tail loss probe timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_REO_TIMEOUT 6 /* Reordering timer */ static inline struct inet_connection_sock *inet_csk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct inet_connection_sock *)sk; } static inline void *inet_csk_ca(const struct sock *sk) { return (void *)inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_priv; } struct sock *inet_csk_clone_lock(const struct sock *sk, const struct request_sock *req, const gfp_t priority); enum inet_csk_ack_state_t { ICSK_ACK_SCHED = 1, ICSK_ACK_TIMER = 2, ICSK_ACK_PUSHED = 4, ICSK_ACK_PUSHED2 = 8, ICSK_ACK_NOW = 16 /* Send the next ACK immediately (once) */ }; void inet_csk_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk, void (*retransmit_handler)(struct timer_list *), void (*delack_handler)(struct timer_list *), void (*keepalive_handler)(struct timer_list *)); void inet_csk_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk); static inline void inet_csk_schedule_ack(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pending |= ICSK_ACK_SCHED; } static inline int inet_csk_ack_scheduled(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pending & ICSK_ACK_SCHED; } static inline void inet_csk_delack_init(struct sock *sk) { memset(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack, 0, sizeof(inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack)); } void inet_csk_delete_keepalive_timer(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_reset_keepalive_timer(struct sock *sk, unsigned long timeout); static inline void inet_csk_clear_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (what == ICSK_TIME_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_PROBE0) { icsk->icsk_pending = 0; #ifdef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS sk_stop_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer); #endif } else if (what == ICSK_TIME_DACK) { icsk->icsk_ack.pending = 0; icsk->icsk_ack.retry = 0; #ifdef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS sk_stop_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer); #endif } else { pr_debug("inet_csk BUG: unknown timer value\n"); } } /* * Reset the retransmission timer */ static inline void inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what, unsigned long when, const unsigned long max_when) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (when > max_when) { pr_debug("reset_xmit_timer: sk=%p %d when=0x%lx, caller=%p\n", sk, what, when, (void *)_THIS_IP_); when = max_when; } if (what == ICSK_TIME_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_PROBE0 || what == ICSK_TIME_EARLY_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_LOSS_PROBE || what == ICSK_TIME_REO_TIMEOUT) { icsk->icsk_pending = what; icsk->icsk_timeout = jiffies + when; sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer, icsk->icsk_timeout); } else if (what == ICSK_TIME_DACK) { icsk->icsk_ack.pending |= ICSK_ACK_TIMER; icsk->icsk_ack.timeout = jiffies + when; sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer, icsk->icsk_ack.timeout); } else { pr_debug("inet_csk BUG: unknown timer value\n"); } } static inline unsigned long inet_csk_rto_backoff(const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, unsigned long max_when) { u64 when = (u64)icsk->icsk_rto << icsk->icsk_backoff; return (unsigned long)min_t(u64, when, max_when); } struct sock *inet_csk_accept(struct sock *sk, int flags, int *err, bool kern); int inet_csk_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_route_req(const struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct request_sock *req); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_route_child_sock(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk, const struct request_sock *req); struct sock *inet_csk_reqsk_queue_add(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, struct sock *child); void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_hash_add(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, unsigned long timeout); struct sock *inet_csk_complete_hashdance(struct sock *sk, struct sock *child, struct request_sock *req, bool own_req); static inline void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_added(struct sock *sk) { reqsk_queue_added(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue); } static inline int inet_csk_reqsk_queue_len(const struct sock *sk) { return reqsk_queue_len(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue); } static inline int inet_csk_reqsk_queue_is_full(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk_reqsk_queue_len(sk) >= sk->sk_max_ack_backlog; } bool inet_csk_reqsk_queue_drop(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_drop_and_put(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); static inline void inet_csk_prepare_for_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk) { /* The below has to be done to allow calling inet_csk_destroy_sock */ sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD); percpu_counter_inc(sk->sk_prot->orphan_count); } void inet_csk_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_prepare_forced_close(struct sock *sk); /* * LISTEN is a special case for poll.. */ static inline __poll_t inet_csk_listen_poll(const struct sock *sk) { return !reqsk_queue_empty(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue) ? (EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM) : 0; } int inet_csk_listen_start(struct sock *sk, int backlog); void inet_csk_listen_stop(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_addr2sockaddr(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr); /* update the fast reuse flag when adding a socket */ void inet_csk_update_fastreuse(struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, struct sock *sk); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_update_pmtu(struct sock *sk, u32 mtu); #define TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH 3 static inline void inet_csk_enter_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong = TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH; } static inline void inet_csk_exit_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong = 0; } static inline bool inet_csk_in_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong >= TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH; } static inline void inet_csk_inc_pingpong_cnt(struct sock *sk) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong < U8_MAX) icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong++; } static inline bool inet_csk_has_ulp(struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->is_icsk && !!inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ulp_ops; } #endif /* _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/ipc/util.h * Copyright (C) 1999 Christoph Rohland * * ipc helper functions (c) 1999 Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> * namespaces support. 2006 OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #ifndef _IPC_UTIL_H #define _IPC_UTIL_H #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> /* * The IPC ID contains 2 separate numbers - index and sequence number. * By default, * bits 0-14: index (32k, 15 bits) * bits 15-30: sequence number (64k, 16 bits) * * When IPCMNI extension mode is turned on, the composition changes: * bits 0-23: index (16M, 24 bits) * bits 24-30: sequence number (128, 7 bits) */ #define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define IPCMNI (1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) #define IPCMNI_EXTEND (1 << IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL extern int ipc_mni; extern int ipc_mni_shift; extern int ipc_min_cycle; #define ipcmni_seq_shift() ipc_mni_shift #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << ipc_mni_shift) - 1) #else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ #define ipc_mni IPCMNI #define ipc_min_cycle ((int)RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1) #endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ void sem_init(void); void msg_init(void); void shm_init(void); struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE extern void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns); extern void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif /* * Structure that holds the parameters needed by the ipc operations * (see after) */ struct ipc_params { key_t key; int flg; union { size_t size; /* for shared memories */ int nsems; /* for semaphores */ } u; /* holds the getnew() specific param */ }; /* * Structure that holds some ipc operations. This structure is used to unify * the calls to sys_msgget(), sys_semget(), sys_shmget() * . routine to call to create a new ipc object. Can be one of newque, * newary, newseg * . routine to call to check permissions for a new ipc object. * Can be one of security_msg_associate, security_sem_associate, * security_shm_associate * . routine to call for an extra check if needed */ struct ipc_ops { int (*getnew)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct ipc_params *); int (*associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); int (*more_checks)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, struct ipc_params *); }; struct seq_file; struct ipc_ids; void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header, int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *); #else #define ipc_init_proc_interface(path, header, ids, show) do {} while (0) #endif #define IPC_SEM_IDS 0 #define IPC_MSG_IDS 1 #define IPC_SHM_IDS 2 #define ipcid_to_idx(id) ((id) & IPCMNI_IDX_MASK) #define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) #define ipcid_seq_max() (INT_MAX >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) /* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for writing */ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_set_key_private(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with ipcp locked */ int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flg); /** * ipc_get_maxidx - get the highest assigned index * @ids: ipc identifier set * * Called with ipc_ids.rwsem held for reading. */ static inline int ipc_get_maxidx(struct ipc_ids *ids) { if (ids->in_use == 0) return -1; if (ids->in_use == ipc_mni) return ipc_mni - 1; return ids->max_idx; } /* * For allocation that need to be freed by RCU. * Objects are reference counted, they start with reference count 1. * getref increases the refcount, the putref call that reduces the recount * to 0 schedules the rcu destruction. Caller must guarantee locking. * * refcount is initialized by ipc_addid(), before that point call_rcu() * must be used. */ bool ipc_rcu_getref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr); void ipc_rcu_putref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); void kernel_to_ipc64_perm(struct kern_ipc_perm *in, struct ipc64_perm *out); void ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct ipc_perm *out); int ipc_update_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct kern_ipc_perm *out); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcctl_obtain_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, int id, int cmd, struct ipc64_perm *perm, int extra_perm); static inline void ipc_update_pid(struct pid **pos, struct pid *pid) { struct pid *old = *pos; if (old != pid) { *pos = get_pid(pid); put_pid(old); } } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION int ipc_parse_version(int *cmd); #endif extern void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg); extern struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, size_t len); extern struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst); extern int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, size_t len); static inline int ipc_checkid(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, int id) { return ipcid_to_seqx(id) != ipcp->seq; } static inline void ipc_lock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_lock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_unlock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_assert_locked_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { assert_spin_locked(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { ipc_unlock_object(perm); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * ipc_valid_object() - helper to sort out IPC_RMID races for codepaths * where the respective ipc_ids.rwsem is not being held down. * Checks whether the ipc object is still around or if it's gone already, as * ipc_rmid() may have already freed the ID while the ipc lock was spinning. * Needs to be called with kern_ipc_perm.lock held -- exception made for one * checkpoint case at sys_semtimedop() as noted in code commentary. */ static inline bool ipc_valid_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { return !perm->deleted; } struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params); void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, void (*free)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *)); static inline int sem_check_semmni(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { /* * Check semmni range [0, ipc_mni] * semmni is the last element of sem_ctls[4] array */ return ((ns->sem_ctls[3] < 0) || (ns->sem_ctls[3] > ipc_mni)) ? -ERANGE : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <linux/compat.h> struct compat_ipc_perm { key_t key; __compat_uid_t uid; __compat_gid_t gid; __compat_uid_t cuid; __compat_gid_t cgid; compat_mode_t mode; unsigned short seq; }; void to_compat_ipc_perm(struct compat_ipc_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); void to_compat_ipc64_perm(struct compat_ipc64_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); int get_compat_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc_perm __user *); int get_compat_ipc64_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc64_perm __user *); static inline int compat_ipc_parse_version(int *cmd) { int version = *cmd & IPC_64; *cmd &= ~IPC_64; return version; } long compat_ksys_old_semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, int arg); long compat_ksys_old_msgctl(int msqid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); long compat_ksys_msgrcv(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, compat_long_t msgtyp, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_msgsnd(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_old_shmctl(int shmid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); #endif #endif
3 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/ext4/extents_status.h * * Written by Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com> * Modified by * Allison Henderson <achender@linux.vnet.ibm.com> * Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> * */ #ifndef _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H #define _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H /* * Turn on ES_DEBUG__ to get lots of info about extent status operations. */ #ifdef ES_DEBUG__ #define es_debug(fmt, ...) printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define es_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * With ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST defined, the result of es caching will be * checked with old map_block's result. */ #define ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST__ /* * These flags live in the high bits of extent_status.es_pblk */ enum { ES_WRITTEN_B, ES_UNWRITTEN_B, ES_DELAYED_B, ES_HOLE_B, ES_REFERENCED_B, ES_FLAGS }; #define ES_SHIFT (sizeof(ext4_fsblk_t)*8 - ES_FLAGS) #define ES_MASK (~((ext4_fsblk_t)0) << ES_SHIFT) #define EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN (1 << ES_WRITTEN_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN (1 << ES_UNWRITTEN_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED (1 << ES_DELAYED_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE (1 << ES_HOLE_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED (1 << ES_REFERENCED_B) #define ES_TYPE_MASK ((ext4_fsblk_t)(EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN | \ EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN | \ EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED | \ EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE) << ES_SHIFT) struct ext4_sb_info; struct ext4_extent; struct extent_status { struct rb_node rb_node; ext4_lblk_t es_lblk; /* first logical block extent covers */ ext4_lblk_t es_len; /* length of extent in block */ ext4_fsblk_t es_pblk; /* first physical block */ }; struct ext4_es_tree { struct rb_root root; struct extent_status *cache_es; /* recently accessed extent */ }; struct ext4_es_stats { unsigned long es_stats_shrunk; struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_hits; struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_misses; u64 es_stats_scan_time; u64 es_stats_max_scan_time; struct percpu_counter es_stats_all_cnt; struct percpu_counter es_stats_shk_cnt; }; /* * Pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems * * A cluster with a pending reservation is a logical cluster shared by at * least one extent in the extents status tree with delayed and unwritten * status and at least one other written or unwritten extent. The * reservation is said to be pending because a cluster reservation would * have to be taken in the event all blocks in the cluster shared with * written or unwritten extents were deleted while the delayed and * unwritten blocks remained. * * The set of pending cluster reservations is an auxiliary data structure * used with the extents status tree to implement reserved cluster/block * accounting for bigalloc file systems. The set is kept in memory and * records all pending cluster reservations. * * Its primary function is to avoid the need to read extents from the * disk when invalidating pages as a result of a truncate, punch hole, or * collapse range operation. Page invalidation requires a decrease in the * reserved cluster count if it results in the removal of all delayed * and unwritten extents (blocks) from a cluster that is not shared with a * written or unwritten extent, and no decrease otherwise. Determining * whether the cluster is shared can be done by searching for a pending * reservation on it. * * Secondarily, it provides a potentially faster method for determining * whether the reserved cluster count should be increased when a physical * cluster is deallocated as a result of a truncate, punch hole, or * collapse range operation. The necessary information is also present * in the extents status tree, but might be more rapidly accessed in * the pending reservation set in many cases due to smaller size. * * The pending cluster reservation set is implemented as a red-black tree * with the goal of minimizing per page search time overhead. */ struct pending_reservation { struct rb_node rb_node; ext4_lblk_t lclu; }; struct ext4_pending_tree { struct rb_root root; }; extern int __init ext4_init_es(void); extern void ext4_exit_es(void); extern void ext4_es_init_tree(struct ext4_es_tree *tree); extern int ext4_es_insert_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, unsigned int status); extern void ext4_es_cache_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, unsigned int status); extern int ext4_es_remove_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len); extern void ext4_es_find_extent_range(struct inode *inode, int (*match_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t end, struct extent_status *es); extern int ext4_es_lookup_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t *next_lblk, struct extent_status *es); extern bool ext4_es_scan_range(struct inode *inode, int (*matching_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t end); extern bool ext4_es_scan_clu(struct inode *inode, int (*matching_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk); static inline unsigned int ext4_es_status(struct extent_status *es) { return es->es_pblk >> ES_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int ext4_es_type(struct extent_status *es) { return (es->es_pblk & ES_TYPE_MASK) >> ES_SHIFT; } static inline int ext4_es_is_written(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_unwritten(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_delayed(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_hole(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_mapped(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_is_written(es) || ext4_es_is_unwritten(es)); } static inline int ext4_es_is_delonly(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_is_delayed(es) && !ext4_es_is_unwritten(es)); } static inline void ext4_es_set_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { es->es_pblk |= ((ext4_fsblk_t)EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) << ES_SHIFT; } static inline void ext4_es_clear_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { es->es_pblk &= ~(((ext4_fsblk_t)EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) << ES_SHIFT); } static inline int ext4_es_is_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_status(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) != 0; } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_es_pblock(struct extent_status *es) { return es->es_pblk & ~ES_MASK; } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_es_show_pblock(struct extent_status *es) { ext4_fsblk_t pblock = ext4_es_pblock(es); return pblock == ~ES_MASK ? 0 : pblock; } static inline void ext4_es_store_pblock(struct extent_status *es, ext4_fsblk_t pb) { ext4_fsblk_t block; block = (pb & ~ES_MASK) | (es->es_pblk & ES_MASK); es->es_pblk = block; } static inline void ext4_es_store_status(struct extent_status *es, unsigned int status) { es->es_pblk = (((ext4_fsblk_t)status << ES_SHIFT) & ES_MASK) | (es->es_pblk & ~ES_MASK); } static inline void ext4_es_store_pblock_status(struct extent_status *es, ext4_fsblk_t pb, unsigned int status) { es->es_pblk = (((ext4_fsblk_t)status << ES_SHIFT) & ES_MASK) | (pb & ~ES_MASK); } extern int ext4_es_register_shrinker(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); extern void ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); extern int ext4_seq_es_shrinker_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern int __init ext4_init_pending(void); extern void ext4_exit_pending(void); extern void ext4_init_pending_tree(struct ext4_pending_tree *tree); extern void ext4_remove_pending(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk); extern bool ext4_is_pending(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk); extern int ext4_es_insert_delayed_block(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, bool allocated); extern unsigned int ext4_es_delayed_clu(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len); extern void ext4_clear_inode_es(struct inode *inode); #endif /* _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H */
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security context is a set of security attributes * associated with each subject and object controlled * by the security policy. Security contexts are * externally represented as variable-length strings * that can be interpreted by a user or application * with an understanding of the security policy. * Internally, the security server uses a simple * structure. This structure is private to the * security server and can be changed without affecting * clients of the security server. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_CONTEXT_H_ #define _SS_CONTEXT_H_ #include "ebitmap.h" #include "mls_types.h" #include "security.h" /* * A security context consists of an authenticated user * identity, a role, a type and a MLS range. */ struct context { u32 user; u32 role; u32 type; u32 len; /* length of string in bytes */ struct mls_range range; char *str; /* string representation if context cannot be mapped. */ }; static inline void mls_context_init(struct context *c) { memset(&c->range, 0, sizeof(c->range)); } static inline int mls_context_cpy(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } /* * Sets both levels in the MLS range of 'dst' to the low level of 'src'. */ static inline int mls_context_cpy_low(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } /* * Sets both levels in the MLS range of 'dst' to the high level of 'src'. */ static inline int mls_context_cpy_high(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } static inline int mls_context_glblub(struct context *dst, struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { struct mls_range *dr = &dst->range, *r1 = &c1->range, *r2 = &c2->range; int rc = 0; if (r1->level[1].sens < r2->level[0].sens || r2->level[1].sens < r1->level[0].sens) /* These ranges have no common sensitivities */ return -EINVAL; /* Take the greatest of the low */ dr->level[0].sens = max(r1->level[0].sens, r2->level[0].sens); /* Take the least of the high */ dr->level[1].sens = min(r1->level[1].sens, r2->level[1].sens); rc = ebitmap_and(&dr->level[0].cat, &r1->level[0].cat, &r2->level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; rc = ebitmap_and(&dr->level[1].cat, &r1->level[1].cat, &r2->level[1].cat); if (rc) goto out; out: return rc; } static inline int mls_context_cmp(struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { return ((c1->range.level[0].sens == c2->range.level[0].sens) && ebitmap_cmp(&c1->range.level[0].cat, &c2->range.level[0].cat) && (c1->range.level[1].sens == c2->range.level[1].sens) && ebitmap_cmp(&c1->range.level[1].cat, &c2->range.level[1].cat)); } static inline void mls_context_destroy(struct context *c) { ebitmap_destroy(&c->range.level[0].cat); ebitmap_destroy(&c->range.level[1].cat); mls_context_init(c); } static inline void context_init(struct context *c) { memset(c, 0, sizeof(*c)); } static inline int context_cpy(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->user = src->user; dst->role = src->role; dst->type = src->type; if (src->str) { dst->str = kstrdup(src->str, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!dst->str) return -ENOMEM; dst->len = src->len; } else { dst->str = NULL; dst->len = 0; } rc = mls_context_cpy(dst, src); if (rc) { kfree(dst->str); return rc; } return 0; } static inline void context_destroy(struct context *c) { c->user = c->role = c->type = 0; kfree(c->str); c->str = NULL; c->len = 0; mls_context_destroy(c); } static inline int context_cmp(struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { if (c1->len && c2->len) return (c1->len == c2->len && !strcmp(c1->str, c2->str)); if (c1->len || c2->len) return 0; return ((c1->user == c2->user) && (c1->role == c2->role) && (c1->type == c2->type) && mls_context_cmp(c1, c2)); } u32 context_compute_hash(const struct context *c); #endif /* _SS_CONTEXT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Private definitions for the generic associative array implementation. * * See Documentation/core-api/assoc_array.rst for information. * * Copyright (C) 2013 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_ASSOC_ARRAY_PRIV_H #define _LINUX_ASSOC_ARRAY_PRIV_H #ifdef CONFIG_ASSOCIATIVE_ARRAY #include <linux/assoc_array.h> #define ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT 16 /* Number of slots per node */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK (ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT - 1) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP (ilog2(ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT)) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP_MASK (ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP - 1) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK (ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SHIFT (ilog2(BITS_PER_LONG)) /* * Undefined type representing a pointer with type information in the bottom * two bits. */ struct assoc_array_ptr; /* * An N-way node in the tree. * * Each slot contains one of four things: * * (1) Nothing (NULL). * * (2) A leaf object (pointer types 0). * * (3) A next-level node (pointer type 1, subtype 0). * * (4) A shortcut (pointer type 1, subtype 1). * * The tree is optimised for search-by-ID, but permits reasonable iteration * also. * * The tree is navigated by constructing an index key consisting of an array of * segments, where each segment is ilog2(ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT) bits in size. * * The segments correspond to levels of the tree (the first segment is used at * level 0, the second at level 1, etc.). */ struct assoc_array_node { struct assoc_array_ptr *back_pointer; u8 parent_slot; struct assoc_array_ptr *slots[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT]; unsigned long nr_leaves_on_branch; }; /* * A shortcut through the index space out to where a collection of nodes/leaves * with the same IDs live. */ struct assoc_array_shortcut { struct assoc_array_ptr *back_pointer; int parent_slot; int skip_to_level; struct assoc_array_ptr *next_node; unsigned long index_key[]; }; /* * Preallocation cache. */ struct assoc_array_edit { struct rcu_head rcu; struct assoc_array *array; const struct assoc_array_ops *ops; const struct assoc_array_ops *ops_for_excised_subtree; struct assoc_array_ptr *leaf; struct assoc_array_ptr **leaf_p; struct assoc_array_ptr *dead_leaf; struct assoc_array_ptr *new_meta[3]; struct assoc_array_ptr *excised_meta[1]; struct assoc_array_ptr *excised_subtree; struct assoc_array_ptr **set_backpointers[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT]; struct assoc_array_ptr *set_backpointers_to; struct assoc_array_node *adjust_count_on; long adjust_count_by; struct { struct assoc_array_ptr **ptr; struct assoc_array_ptr *to; } set[2]; struct { u8 *p; u8 to; } set_parent_slot[1]; u8 segment_cache[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT + 1]; }; /* * Internal tree member pointers are marked in the bottom one or two bits to * indicate what type they are so that we don't have to look behind every * pointer to see what it points to. * * We provide functions to test type annotations and to create and translate * the annotated pointers. */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK 0x1UL #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_LEAF_TYPE 0x0UL /* Points to leaf (or nowhere) */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_META_TYPE 0x1UL /* Points to node or shortcut */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SUBTYPE_MASK 0x2UL #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_NODE_SUBTYPE 0x0UL #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SHORTCUT_SUBTYPE 0x2UL static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (unsigned long)x & ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK; } static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return !assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(x); } static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (unsigned long)x & ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SUBTYPE_MASK; } static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_node(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return !assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(x); } static inline void *assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (void *)((unsigned long)x & ~ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK); } static inline unsigned long __assoc_array_ptr_to_meta(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (unsigned long)x & ~(ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SUBTYPE_MASK | ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK); } static inline struct assoc_array_node *assoc_array_ptr_to_node(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (struct assoc_array_node *)__assoc_array_ptr_to_meta(x); } static inline struct assoc_array_shortcut *assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (struct assoc_array_shortcut *)__assoc_array_ptr_to_meta(x); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *__assoc_array_x_to_ptr(const void *p, unsigned long t) { return (struct assoc_array_ptr *)((unsigned long)p | t); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *assoc_array_leaf_to_ptr(const void *p) { return __assoc_array_x_to_ptr(p, ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_LEAF_TYPE); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *assoc_array_node_to_ptr(const struct assoc_array_node *p) { return __assoc_array_x_to_ptr( p, ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_META_TYPE | ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_NODE_SUBTYPE); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(const struct assoc_array_shortcut *p) { return __assoc_array_x_to_ptr( p, ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_META_TYPE | ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SHORTCUT_SUBTYPE); } #endif /* CONFIG_ASSOCIATIVE_ARRAY */ #endif /* _LINUX_ASSOC_ARRAY_PRIV_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * linux/fs/pnode.h * * (C) Copyright IBM Corporation 2005. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PNODE_H #define _LINUX_PNODE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include "mount.h" #define IS_MNT_SHARED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHARED) #define IS_MNT_SLAVE(m) ((m)->mnt_master) #define IS_MNT_NEW(m) (!(m)->mnt_ns || is_anon_ns((m)->mnt_ns)) #define CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_SHARED) #define IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UNBINDABLE) #define IS_MNT_MARKED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_MARKED) #define SET_MNT_MARK(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_MARKED) #define CLEAR_MNT_MARK(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_MARKED) #define IS_MNT_LOCKED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) #define CL_EXPIRE 0x01 #define CL_SLAVE 0x02 #define CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE 0x04 #define CL_MAKE_SHARED 0x08 #define CL_PRIVATE 0x10 #define CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE 0x20 #define CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE 0x40 #define CL_COPY_ALL (CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) static inline void set_mnt_shared(struct mount *mnt) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_SHARED_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SHARED; } void change_mnt_propagation(struct mount *, int); int propagate_mnt(struct mount *, struct mountpoint *, struct mount *, struct hlist_head *); int propagate_umount(struct list_head *); int propagate_mount_busy(struct mount *, int); void propagate_mount_unlock(struct mount *); void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *); int get_dominating_id(struct mount *mnt, const struct path *root); int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt); void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *, struct mountpoint *, struct mount *); void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt); struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *, struct dentry *, int); bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *, struct dentry *, const struct path *root); int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt); #endif /* _LINUX_PNODE_H */
2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H #define _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H 1 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * A clear pte value is special, and doesn't get inverted. * * Note that even users that only pass a pgprot_t (rather * than a full pte) won't trigger the special zero case, * because even PAGE_NONE has _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED * set. So the all zero case really is limited to just the * cleared page table entry case. */ static inline bool __pte_needs_invert(u64 val) { return val && !(val & _PAGE_PRESENT); } /* Get a mask to xor with the page table entry to get the correct pfn. */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val) { return __pte_needs_invert(val) ? ~0ull : 0; } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask) { /* * When a PTE transitions from NONE to !NONE or vice-versa * invert the PFN part to stop speculation. * pte_pfn undoes this when needed. */ if (__pte_needs_invert(oldval) != __pte_needs_invert(val)) val = (val & ~mask) | (~val & mask); return val; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> enum nf_ct_ext_id { NF_CT_EXT_HELPER, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) NF_CT_EXT_NAT, #endif NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ, NF_CT_EXT_ACCT, #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_EVENTS NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMESTAMP NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMEOUT NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_LABELS NF_CT_EXT_LABELS, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_SYNPROXY) NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY, #endif NF_CT_EXT_NUM, }; #define NF_CT_EXT_HELPER_TYPE struct nf_conn_help #define NF_CT_EXT_NAT_TYPE struct nf_conn_nat #define NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ_TYPE struct nf_conn_seqadj #define NF_CT_EXT_ACCT_TYPE struct nf_conn_acct #define NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE_TYPE struct nf_conntrack_ecache #define NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP_TYPE struct nf_conn_tstamp #define NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT_TYPE struct nf_conn_timeout #define NF_CT_EXT_LABELS_TYPE struct nf_conn_labels #define NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY_TYPE struct nf_conn_synproxy /* Extensions: optional stuff which isn't permanently in struct. */ struct nf_ct_ext { u8 offset[NF_CT_EXT_NUM]; u8 len; char data[]; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_ct_ext *ext, u8 id) { return !!ext->offset[id]; } static inline bool nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { return (ct->ext && __nf_ct_ext_exist(ct->ext, id)); } static inline void *__nf_ct_ext_find(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { if (!nf_ct_ext_exist(ct, id)) return NULL; return (void *)ct->ext + ct->ext->offset[id]; } #define nf_ct_ext_find(ext, id) \ ((id##_TYPE *)__nf_ct_ext_find((ext), (id))) /* Destroy all relationships */ void nf_ct_ext_destroy(struct nf_conn *ct); /* Add this type, returns pointer to data or NULL. */ void *nf_ct_ext_add(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_ct_ext_id id, gfp_t gfp); struct nf_ct_ext_type { /* Destroys relationships (can be NULL). */ void (*destroy)(struct nf_conn *ct); enum nf_ct_ext_id id; /* Length and min alignment. */ u8 len; u8 align; }; int nf_ct_extend_register(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); void nf_ct_extend_unregister(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Generic RTC interface. * This version contains the part of the user interface to the Real Time Clock * service. It is used with both the legacy mc146818 and also EFI * Struct rtc_time and first 12 ioctl by Paul Gortmaker, 1996 - separated out * from <linux/mc146818rtc.h> to this file for 2.4 kernels. * * Copyright (C) 1999 Hewlett-Packard Co. * Copyright (C) 1999 Stephane Eranian <eranian@hpl.hp.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_RTC_H_ #define _LINUX_RTC_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/nvmem-provider.h> #include <uapi/linux/rtc.h> extern int rtc_month_days(unsigned int month, unsigned int year); extern int rtc_year_days(unsigned int day, unsigned int month, unsigned int year); extern int rtc_valid_tm(struct rtc_time *tm); extern time64_t rtc_tm_to_time64(struct rtc_time *tm); extern void rtc_time64_to_tm(time64_t time, struct rtc_time *tm); ktime_t rtc_tm_to_ktime(struct rtc_time tm); struct rtc_time rtc_ktime_to_tm(ktime_t kt); /* * rtc_tm_sub - Return the difference in seconds. */ static inline time64_t rtc_tm_sub(struct rtc_time *lhs, struct rtc_time *rhs) { return rtc_tm_to_time64(lhs) - rtc_tm_to_time64(rhs); } #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timerqueue.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> extern struct class *rtc_class; /* * For these RTC methods the device parameter is the physical device * on whatever bus holds the hardware (I2C, Platform, SPI, etc), which * was passed to rtc_device_register(). Its driver_data normally holds * device state, including the rtc_device pointer for the RTC. * * Most of these methods are called with rtc_device.ops_lock held, * through the rtc_*(struct rtc_device *, ...) calls. * * The (current) exceptions are mostly filesystem hooks: * - the proc() hook for procfs */ struct rtc_class_ops { int (*ioctl)(struct device *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*read_time)(struct device *, struct rtc_time *); int (*set_time)(struct device *, struct rtc_time *); int (*read_alarm)(struct device *, struct rtc_wkalrm *); int (*set_alarm)(struct device *, struct rtc_wkalrm *); int (*proc)(struct device *, struct seq_file *); int (*alarm_irq_enable)(struct device *, unsigned int enabled); int (*read_offset)(struct device *, long *offset); int (*set_offset)(struct device *, long offset); }; struct rtc_device; struct rtc_timer { struct timerqueue_node node; ktime_t period; void (*func)(struct rtc_device *rtc); struct rtc_device *rtc; int enabled; }; /* flags */ #define RTC_DEV_BUSY 0 struct rtc_device { struct device dev; struct module *owner; int id; const struct rtc_class_ops *ops; struct mutex ops_lock; struct cdev char_dev; unsigned long flags; unsigned long irq_data; spinlock_t irq_lock; wait_queue_head_t irq_queue; struct fasync_struct *async_queue; int irq_freq; int max_user_freq; struct timerqueue_head timerqueue; struct rtc_timer aie_timer; struct rtc_timer uie_rtctimer; struct hrtimer pie_timer; /* sub second exp, so needs hrtimer */ int pie_enabled; struct work_struct irqwork; /* Some hardware can't support UIE mode */ int uie_unsupported; /* Number of nsec it takes to set the RTC clock. This influences when * the set ops are called. An offset: * - of 0.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 9.5 s * - of 1.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 8.5 s * - of -0.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 10.5 s */ long set_offset_nsec; bool registered; /* Old ABI support */ bool nvram_old_abi; struct bin_attribute *nvram; time64_t range_min; timeu64_t range_max; time64_t start_secs; time64_t offset_secs; bool set_start_time; #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_INTF_DEV_UIE_EMUL struct work_struct uie_task; struct timer_list uie_timer; /* Those fields are protected by rtc->irq_lock */ unsigned int oldsecs; unsigned int uie_irq_active:1; unsigned int stop_uie_polling:1; unsigned int uie_task_active:1; unsigned int uie_timer_active:1; #endif }; #define to_rtc_device(d) container_of(d, struct rtc_device, dev) #define rtc_lock(d) mutex_lock(&d->ops_lock) #define rtc_unlock(d) mutex_unlock(&d->ops_lock) /* useful timestamps */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_0000 -62167219200ULL /* 0000-01-01 00:00:00 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_1900 -2208988800LL /* 1900-01-01 00:00:00 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_2000 946684800LL /* 2000-01-01 00:00:00 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2063 2966371199LL /* 2063-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2079 3471292799LL /* 2079-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2099 4102444799LL /* 2099-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2199 7258118399LL /* 2199-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_9999 253402300799LL /* 9999-12-31 23:59:59 */ extern struct rtc_device *devm_rtc_device_register(struct device *dev, const char *name, const struct rtc_class_ops *ops, struct module *owner); struct rtc_device *devm_rtc_allocate_device(struct device *dev); int __rtc_register_device(struct module *owner, struct rtc_device *rtc); extern int rtc_read_time(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_time *tm); extern int rtc_set_time(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_time *tm); extern int rtc_set_ntp_time(struct timespec64 now, unsigned long *target_nsec); int __rtc_read_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alarm); extern int rtc_read_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm); extern int rtc_set_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm); extern int rtc_initialize_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm); extern void rtc_update_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned long num, unsigned long events); extern struct rtc_device *rtc_class_open(const char *name); extern void rtc_class_close(struct rtc_device *rtc); extern int rtc_irq_set_state(struct rtc_device *rtc, int enabled); extern int rtc_irq_set_freq(struct rtc_device *rtc, int freq); extern int rtc_update_irq_enable(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled); extern int rtc_alarm_irq_enable(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled); extern int rtc_dev_update_irq_enable_emul(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled); void rtc_handle_legacy_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc, int num, int mode); void rtc_aie_update_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc); void rtc_uie_update_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc); enum hrtimer_restart rtc_pie_update_irq(struct hrtimer *timer); void rtc_timer_init(struct rtc_timer *timer, void (*f)(struct rtc_device *r), struct rtc_device *rtc); int rtc_timer_start(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_timer *timer, ktime_t expires, ktime_t period); void rtc_timer_cancel(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_timer *timer); int rtc_read_offset(struct rtc_device *rtc, long *offset); int rtc_set_offset(struct rtc_device *rtc, long offset); void rtc_timer_do_work(struct work_struct *work); static inline bool is_leap_year(unsigned int year) { return (!(year % 4) && (year % 100)) || !(year % 400); } /* Determine if we can call to driver to set the time. Drivers can only be * called to set a second aligned time value, and the field set_offset_nsec * specifies how far away from the second aligned time to call the driver. * * This also computes 'to_set' which is the time we are trying to set, and has * a zero in tv_nsecs, such that: * to_set - set_delay_nsec == now +/- FUZZ * */ static inline bool rtc_tv_nsec_ok(s64 set_offset_nsec, struct timespec64 *to_set, const struct timespec64 *now) { /* Allowed error in tv_nsec, arbitarily set to 5 jiffies in ns. */ const unsigned long TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ = TICK_NSEC * 5; struct timespec64 delay = {.tv_sec = 0, .tv_nsec = set_offset_nsec}; *to_set = timespec64_add(*now, delay); if (to_set->tv_nsec < TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ) { to_set->tv_nsec = 0; return true; } if (to_set->tv_nsec > NSEC_PER_SEC - TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ) { to_set->tv_sec++; to_set->tv_nsec = 0; return true; } return false; } #define rtc_register_device(device) \ __rtc_register_device(THIS_MODULE, device) #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_HCTOSYS_DEVICE extern int rtc_hctosys_ret; #else #define rtc_hctosys_ret -ENODEV #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_NVMEM int rtc_nvmem_register(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct nvmem_config *nvmem_config); void rtc_nvmem_unregister(struct rtc_device *rtc); #else static inline int rtc_nvmem_register(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct nvmem_config *nvmem_config) { return 0; } static inline void rtc_nvmem_unregister(struct rtc_device *rtc) {} #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_INTF_SYSFS int rtc_add_group(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group *grp); int rtc_add_groups(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group **grps); #else static inline int rtc_add_group(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline int rtc_add_groups(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group **grps) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RTC_H_ */
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1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 /* * Performance events: * * Copyright (C) 2008-2009, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright (C) 2008-2011, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2008-2011, Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * * Data type definitions, declarations, prototypes. * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #ifndef _LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H #define _LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H #include <uapi/linux/perf_event.h> #include <uapi/linux/bpf_perf_event.h> /* * Kernel-internal data types and definitions: */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS # include <asm/perf_event.h> # include <asm/local64.h> #endif struct perf_guest_info_callbacks { int (*is_in_guest)(void); int (*is_user_mode)(void); unsigned long (*get_guest_ip)(void); void (*handle_intel_pt_intr)(void); }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT #include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h> #endif #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/jump_label_ratelimit.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/perf_regs.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <asm/local.h> struct perf_callchain_entry { __u64 nr; __u64 ip[]; /* /proc/sys/kernel/perf_event_max_stack */ }; struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx { struct perf_callchain_entry *entry; u32 max_stack; u32 nr; short contexts; bool contexts_maxed; }; typedef unsigned long (*perf_copy_f)(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long off, unsigned long len); struct perf_raw_frag { union { struct perf_raw_frag *next; unsigned long pad; }; perf_copy_f copy; void *data; u32 size; } __packed; struct perf_raw_record { struct perf_raw_frag frag; u32 size; }; /* * branch stack layout: * nr: number of taken branches stored in entries[] * hw_idx: The low level index of raw branch records * for the most recent branch. * -1ULL means invalid/unknown. * * Note that nr can vary from sample to sample * branches (to, from) are stored from most recent * to least recent, i.e., entries[0] contains the most * recent branch. * The entries[] is an abstraction of raw branch records, * which may not be stored in age order in HW, e.g. Intel LBR. * The hw_idx is to expose the low level index of raw * branch record for the most recent branch aka entries[0]. * The hw_idx index is between -1 (unknown) and max depth, * which can be retrieved in /sys/devices/cpu/caps/branches. * For the architectures whose raw branch records are * already stored in age order, the hw_idx should be 0. */ struct perf_branch_stack { __u64 nr; __u64 hw_idx; struct perf_branch_entry entries[]; }; struct task_struct; /* * extra PMU register associated with an event */ struct hw_perf_event_extra { u64 config; /* register value */ unsigned int reg; /* register address or index */ int alloc; /* extra register already allocated */ int idx; /* index in shared_regs->regs[] */ }; /** * struct hw_perf_event - performance event hardware details: */ struct hw_perf_event { #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS union { struct { /* hardware */ u64 config; u64 last_tag; unsigned long config_base; unsigned long event_base; int event_base_rdpmc; int idx; int last_cpu; int flags; struct hw_perf_event_extra extra_reg; struct hw_perf_event_extra branch_reg; }; struct { /* software */ struct hrtimer hrtimer; }; struct { /* tracepoint */ /* for tp_event->class */ struct list_head tp_list; }; struct { /* amd_power */ u64 pwr_acc; u64 ptsc; }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT struct { /* breakpoint */ /* * Crufty hack to avoid the chicken and egg * problem hw_breakpoint has with context * creation and event initalization. */ struct arch_hw_breakpoint info; struct list_head bp_list; }; #endif struct { /* amd_iommu */ u8 iommu_bank; u8 iommu_cntr; u16 padding; u64 conf; u64 conf1; }; }; /* * If the event is a per task event, this will point to the task in * question. See the comment in perf_event_alloc(). */ struct task_struct *target; /* * PMU would store hardware filter configuration * here. */ void *addr_filters; /* Last sync'ed generation of filters */ unsigned long addr_filters_gen; /* * hw_perf_event::state flags; used to track the PERF_EF_* state. */ #define PERF_HES_STOPPED 0x01 /* the counter is stopped */ #define PERF_HES_UPTODATE 0x02 /* event->count up-to-date */ #define PERF_HES_ARCH 0x04 int state; /* * The last observed hardware counter value, updated with a * local64_cmpxchg() such that pmu::read() can be called nested. */ local64_t prev_count; /* * The period to start the next sample with. */ u64 sample_period; union { struct { /* Sampling */ /* * The period we started this sample with. */ u64 last_period; /* * However much is left of the current period; * note that this is a full 64bit value and * allows for generation of periods longer * than hardware might allow. */ local64_t period_left; }; struct { /* Topdown events counting for context switch */ u64 saved_metric; u64 saved_slots; }; }; /* * State for throttling the event, see __perf_event_overflow() and * perf_adjust_freq_unthr_context(). */ u64 interrupts_seq; u64 interrupts; /* * State for freq target events, see __perf_event_overflow() and * perf_adjust_freq_unthr_context(). */ u64 freq_time_stamp; u64 freq_count_stamp; #endif }; struct perf_event; /* * Common implementation detail of pmu::{start,commit,cancel}_txn */ #define PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD 0x1 /* txn to add/schedule event on PMU */ #define PERF_PMU_TXN_READ 0x2 /* txn to read event group from PMU */ /** * pmu::capabilities flags */ #define PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_INTERRUPT 0x01 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_NMI 0x02 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_AUX_NO_SG 0x04 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_EXTENDED_REGS 0x08 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_EXCLUSIVE 0x10 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_ITRACE 0x20 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_HETEROGENEOUS_CPUS 0x40 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_EXCLUDE 0x80 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_AUX_OUTPUT 0x100 struct perf_output_handle; /** * struct pmu - generic performance monitoring unit */ struct pmu { struct list_head entry; struct module *module; struct device *dev; const struct attribute_group **attr_groups; const struct attribute_group **attr_update; const char *name; int type; /* * various common per-pmu feature flags */ int capabilities; int __percpu *pmu_disable_count; struct perf_cpu_context __percpu *pmu_cpu_context; atomic_t exclusive_cnt; /* < 0: cpu; > 0: tsk */ int task_ctx_nr; int hrtimer_interval_ms; /* number of address filters this PMU can do */ unsigned int nr_addr_filters; /* * Fully disable/enable this PMU, can be used to protect from the PMI * as well as for lazy/batch writing of the MSRs. */ void (*pmu_enable) (struct pmu *pmu); /* optional */ void (*pmu_disable) (struct pmu *pmu); /* optional */ /* * Try and initialize the event for this PMU. * * Returns: * -ENOENT -- @event is not for this PMU * * -ENODEV -- @event is for this PMU but PMU not present * -EBUSY -- @event is for this PMU but PMU temporarily unavailable * -EINVAL -- @event is for this PMU but @event is not valid * -EOPNOTSUPP -- @event is for this PMU, @event is valid, but not supported * -EACCES -- @event is for this PMU, @event is valid, but no privileges * * 0 -- @event is for this PMU and valid * * Other error return values are allowed. */ int (*event_init) (struct perf_event *event); /* * Notification that the event was mapped or unmapped. Called * in the context of the mapping task. */ void (*event_mapped) (struct perf_event *event, struct mm_struct *mm); /* optional */ void (*event_unmapped) (struct perf_event *event, struct mm_struct *mm); /* optional */ /* * Flags for ->add()/->del()/ ->start()/->stop(). There are * matching hw_perf_event::state flags. */ #define PERF_EF_START 0x01 /* start the counter when adding */ #define PERF_EF_RELOAD 0x02 /* reload the counter when starting */ #define PERF_EF_UPDATE 0x04 /* update the counter when stopping */ /* * Adds/Removes a counter to/from the PMU, can be done inside a * transaction, see the ->*_txn() methods. * * The add/del callbacks will reserve all hardware resources required * to service the event, this includes any counter constraint * scheduling etc. * * Called with IRQs disabled and the PMU disabled on the CPU the event * is on. * * ->add() called without PERF_EF_START should result in the same state * as ->add() followed by ->stop(). * * ->del() must always PERF_EF_UPDATE stop an event. If it calls * ->stop() that must deal with already being stopped without * PERF_EF_UPDATE. */ int (*add) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); void (*del) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); /* * Starts/Stops a counter present on the PMU. * * The PMI handler should stop the counter when perf_event_overflow() * returns !0. ->start() will be used to continue. * * Also used to change the sample period. * * Called with IRQs disabled and the PMU disabled on the CPU the event * is on -- will be called from NMI context with the PMU generates * NMIs. * * ->stop() with PERF_EF_UPDATE will read the counter and update * period/count values like ->read() would. * * ->start() with PERF_EF_RELOAD will reprogram the counter * value, must be preceded by a ->stop() with PERF_EF_UPDATE. */ void (*start) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); void (*stop) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); /* * Updates the counter value of the event. * * For sampling capable PMUs this will also update the software period * hw_perf_event::period_left field. */ void (*read) (struct perf_event *event); /* * Group events scheduling is treated as a transaction, add * group events as a whole and perform one schedulability test. * If the test fails, roll back the whole group * * Start the transaction, after this ->add() doesn't need to * do schedulability tests. * * Optional. */ void (*start_txn) (struct pmu *pmu, unsigned int txn_flags); /* * If ->start_txn() disabled the ->add() schedulability test * then ->commit_txn() is required to perform one. On success * the transaction is closed. On error the transaction is kept * open until ->cancel_txn() is called. * * Optional. */ int (*commit_txn) (struct pmu *pmu); /* * Will cancel the transaction, assumes ->del() is called * for each successful ->add() during the transaction. * * Optional. */ void (*cancel_txn) (struct pmu *pmu); /* * Will return the value for perf_event_mmap_page::index for this event, * if no implementation is provided it will default to: event->hw.idx + 1. */ int (*event_idx) (struct perf_event *event); /*optional */ /* * context-switches callback */ void (*sched_task) (struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); /* * Kmem cache of PMU specific data */ struct kmem_cache *task_ctx_cache; /* * PMU specific parts of task perf event context (i.e. ctx->task_ctx_data) * can be synchronized using this function. See Intel LBR callstack support * implementation and Perf core context switch handling callbacks for usage * examples. */ void (*swap_task_ctx) (struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); /* optional */ /* * Set up pmu-private data structures for an AUX area */ void *(*setup_aux) (struct perf_event *event, void **pages, int nr_pages, bool overwrite); /* optional */ /* * Free pmu-private AUX data structures */ void (*free_aux) (void *aux); /* optional */ /* * Take a snapshot of the AUX buffer without touching the event * state, so that preempting ->start()/->stop() callbacks does * not interfere with their logic. Called in PMI context. * * Returns the size of AUX data copied to the output handle. * * Optional. */ long (*snapshot_aux) (struct perf_event *event, struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size); /* * Validate address range filters: make sure the HW supports the * requested configuration and number of filters; return 0 if the * supplied filters are valid, -errno otherwise. * * Runs in the context of the ioctl()ing process and is not serialized * with the rest of the PMU callbacks. */ int (*addr_filters_validate) (struct list_head *filters); /* optional */ /* * Synchronize address range filter configuration: * translate hw-agnostic filters into hardware configuration in * event::hw::addr_filters. * * Runs as a part of filter sync sequence that is done in ->start() * callback by calling perf_event_addr_filters_sync(). * * May (and should) traverse event::addr_filters::list, for which its * caller provides necessary serialization. */ void (*addr_filters_sync) (struct perf_event *event); /* optional */ /* * Check if event can be used for aux_output purposes for * events of this PMU. * * Runs from perf_event_open(). Should return 0 for "no match" * or non-zero for "match". */ int (*aux_output_match) (struct perf_event *event); /* optional */ /* * Filter events for PMU-specific reasons. */ int (*filter_match) (struct perf_event *event); /* optional */ /* * Check period value for PERF_EVENT_IOC_PERIOD ioctl. */ int (*check_period) (struct perf_event *event, u64 value); /* optional */ }; enum perf_addr_filter_action_t { PERF_ADDR_FILTER_ACTION_STOP = 0, PERF_ADDR_FILTER_ACTION_START, PERF_ADDR_FILTER_ACTION_FILTER, }; /** * struct perf_addr_filter - address range filter definition * @entry: event's filter list linkage * @path: object file's path for file-based filters * @offset: filter range offset * @size: filter range size (size==0 means single address trigger) * @action: filter/start/stop * * This is a hardware-agnostic filter configuration as specified by the user. */ struct perf_addr_filter { struct list_head entry; struct path path; unsigned long offset; unsigned long size; enum perf_addr_filter_action_t action; }; /** * struct perf_addr_filters_head - container for address range filters * @list: list of filters for this event * @lock: spinlock that serializes accesses to the @list and event's * (and its children's) filter generations. * @nr_file_filters: number of file-based filters * * A child event will use parent's @list (and therefore @lock), so they are * bundled together; see perf_event_addr_filters(). */ struct perf_addr_filters_head { struct list_head list; raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int nr_file_filters; }; struct perf_addr_filter_range { unsigned long start; unsigned long size; }; /** * enum perf_event_state - the states of an event: */ enum perf_event_state { PERF_EVENT_STATE_DEAD = -4, PERF_EVENT_STATE_EXIT = -3, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR = -2, PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF = -1, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE = 0, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE = 1, }; struct file; struct perf_sample_data; typedef void (*perf_overflow_handler_t)(struct perf_event *, struct perf_sample_data *, struct pt_regs *regs); /* * Event capabilities. For event_caps and groups caps. * * PERF_EV_CAP_SOFTWARE: Is a software event. * PERF_EV_CAP_READ_ACTIVE_PKG: A CPU event (or cgroup event) that can be read * from any CPU in the package where it is active. * PERF_EV_CAP_SIBLING: An event with this flag must be a group sibling and * cannot be a group leader. If an event with this flag is detached from the * group it is scheduled out and moved into an unrecoverable ERROR state. */ #define PERF_EV_CAP_SOFTWARE BIT(0) #define PERF_EV_CAP_READ_ACTIVE_PKG BIT(1) #define PERF_EV_CAP_SIBLING BIT(2) #define SWEVENT_HLIST_BITS 8 #define SWEVENT_HLIST_SIZE (1 << SWEVENT_HLIST_BITS) struct swevent_hlist { struct hlist_head heads[SWEVENT_HLIST_SIZE]; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; #define PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT 0x01 #define PERF_ATTACH_GROUP 0x02 #define PERF_ATTACH_TASK 0x04 #define PERF_ATTACH_TASK_DATA 0x08 #define PERF_ATTACH_ITRACE 0x10 #define PERF_ATTACH_SCHED_CB 0x20 #define PERF_ATTACH_CHILD 0x40 struct perf_cgroup; struct perf_buffer; struct pmu_event_list { raw_spinlock_t lock; struct list_head list; }; #define for_each_sibling_event(sibling, event) \ if ((event)->group_leader == (event)) \ list_for_each_entry((sibling), &(event)->sibling_list, sibling_list) /** * struct perf_event - performance event kernel representation: */ struct perf_event { #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS /* * entry onto perf_event_context::event_list; * modifications require ctx->lock * RCU safe iterations. */ struct list_head event_entry; /* * Locked for modification by both ctx->mutex and ctx->lock; holding * either sufficies for read. */ struct list_head sibling_list; struct list_head active_list; /* * Node on the pinned or flexible tree located at the event context; */ struct rb_node group_node; u64 group_index; /* * We need storage to track the entries in perf_pmu_migrate_context; we * cannot use the event_entry because of RCU and we want to keep the * group in tact which avoids us using the other two entries. */ struct list_head migrate_entry; struct hlist_node hlist_entry; struct list_head active_entry; int nr_siblings; /* Not serialized. Only written during event initialization. */ int event_caps; /* The cumulative AND of all event_caps for events in this group. */ int group_caps; struct perf_event *group_leader; struct pmu *pmu; void *pmu_private; enum perf_event_state state; unsigned int attach_state; local64_t count; atomic64_t child_count; /* * These are the total time in nanoseconds that the event * has been enabled (i.e. eligible to run, and the task has * been scheduled in, if this is a per-task event) * and running (scheduled onto the CPU), respectively. */ u64 total_time_enabled; u64 total_time_running; u64 tstamp; /* * timestamp shadows the actual context timing but it can * be safely used in NMI interrupt context. It reflects the * context time as it was when the event was last scheduled in, * or when ctx_sched_in failed to schedule the event because we * run out of PMC. * * ctx_time already accounts for ctx->timestamp. Therefore to * compute ctx_time for a sample, simply add perf_clock(). */ u64 shadow_ctx_time; struct perf_event_attr attr; u16 header_size; u16 id_header_size; u16 read_size; struct hw_perf_event hw; struct perf_event_context *ctx; atomic_long_t refcount; /* * These accumulate total time (in nanoseconds) that children * events have been enabled and running, respectively. */ atomic64_t child_total_time_enabled; atomic64_t child_total_time_running; /* * Protect attach/detach and child_list: */ struct mutex child_mutex; struct list_head child_list; struct perf_event *parent; int oncpu; int cpu; struct list_head owner_entry; struct task_struct *owner; /* mmap bits */ struct mutex mmap_mutex; atomic_t mmap_count; struct perf_buffer *rb; struct list_head rb_entry; unsigned long rcu_batches; int rcu_pending; /* poll related */ wait_queue_head_t waitq; struct fasync_struct *fasync; /* delayed work for NMIs and such */ int pending_wakeup; int pending_kill; int pending_disable; struct irq_work pending; atomic_t event_limit; /* address range filters */ struct perf_addr_filters_head addr_filters; /* vma address array for file-based filders */ struct perf_addr_filter_range *addr_filter_ranges; unsigned long addr_filters_gen; /* for aux_output events */ struct perf_event *aux_event; void (*destroy)(struct perf_event *); struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct pid_namespace *ns; u64 id; u64 (*clock)(void); perf_overflow_handler_t overflow_handler; void *overflow_handler_context; #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL perf_overflow_handler_t orig_overflow_handler; struct bpf_prog *prog; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING struct trace_event_call *tp_event; struct event_filter *filter; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER struct ftrace_ops ftrace_ops; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; /* cgroup event is attach to */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *security; #endif struct list_head sb_list; #endif /* CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS */ }; struct perf_event_groups { struct rb_root tree; u64 index; }; /** * struct perf_event_context - event context structure * * Used as a container for task events and CPU events as well: */ struct perf_event_context { struct pmu *pmu; /* * Protect the states of the events in the list, * nr_active, and the list: */ raw_spinlock_t lock; /* * Protect the list of events. Locking either mutex or lock * is sufficient to ensure the list doesn't change; to change * the list you need to lock both the mutex and the spinlock. */ struct mutex mutex; struct list_head active_ctx_list; struct perf_event_groups pinned_groups; struct perf_event_groups flexible_groups; struct list_head event_list; struct list_head pinned_active; struct list_head flexible_active; int nr_events; int nr_active; int is_active; int nr_stat; int nr_freq; int rotate_disable; /* * Set when nr_events != nr_active, except tolerant to events not * necessary to be active due to scheduling constraints, such as cgroups. */ int rotate_necessary; refcount_t refcount; struct task_struct *task; /* * Context clock, runs when context enabled. */ u64 time; u64 timestamp; /* * These fields let us detect when two contexts have both * been cloned (inherited) from a common ancestor. */ struct perf_event_context *parent_ctx; u64 parent_gen; u64 generation; int pin_count; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF int nr_cgroups; /* cgroup evts */ #endif void *task_ctx_data; /* pmu specific data */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /* * Number of contexts where an event can trigger: * task, softirq, hardirq, nmi. */ #define PERF_NR_CONTEXTS 4 /** * struct perf_event_cpu_context - per cpu event context structure */ struct perf_cpu_context { struct perf_event_context ctx; struct perf_event_context *task_ctx; int active_oncpu; int exclusive; raw_spinlock_t hrtimer_lock; struct hrtimer hrtimer; ktime_t hrtimer_interval; unsigned int hrtimer_active; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; struct list_head cgrp_cpuctx_entry; #endif struct list_head sched_cb_entry; int sched_cb_usage; int online; /* * Per-CPU storage for iterators used in visit_groups_merge. The default * storage is of size 2 to hold the CPU and any CPU event iterators. */ int heap_size; struct perf_event **heap; struct perf_event *heap_default[2]; }; struct perf_output_handle { struct perf_event *event; struct perf_buffer *rb; unsigned long wakeup; unsigned long size; u64 aux_flags; union { void *addr; unsigned long head; }; int page; }; struct bpf_perf_event_data_kern { bpf_user_pt_regs_t *regs; struct perf_sample_data *data; struct perf_event *event; }; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF /* * perf_cgroup_info keeps track of time_enabled for a cgroup. * This is a per-cpu dynamically allocated data structure. */ struct perf_cgroup_info { u64 time; u64 timestamp; }; struct perf_cgroup { struct cgroup_subsys_state css; struct perf_cgroup_info __percpu *info; }; /* * Must ensure cgroup is pinned (css_get) before calling * this function. In other words, we cannot call this function * if there is no cgroup event for the current CPU context. */ static inline struct perf_cgroup * perf_cgroup_from_task(struct task_struct *task, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { return container_of(task_css_check(task, perf_event_cgrp_id, ctx ? lockdep_is_held(&ctx->lock) : true), struct perf_cgroup, css); } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS extern void *perf_aux_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_aux_output_end(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size); extern int perf_aux_output_skip(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size); extern void *perf_get_aux(struct perf_output_handle *handle); extern void perf_aux_output_flag(struct perf_output_handle *handle, u64 flags); extern void perf_event_itrace_started(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_pmu_register(struct pmu *pmu, const char *name, int type); extern void perf_pmu_unregister(struct pmu *pmu); extern int perf_num_counters(void); extern const char *perf_pmu_name(void); extern void __perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task); extern void __perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next); extern int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child); extern void perf_event_exit_task(struct task_struct *child); extern void perf_event_free_task(struct task_struct *task); extern void perf_event_delayed_put(struct task_struct *task); extern struct file *perf_event_get(unsigned int fd); extern const struct perf_event *perf_get_event(struct file *file); extern const struct perf_event_attr *perf_event_attrs(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_print_debug(void); extern void perf_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu); extern void perf_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu); extern void perf_sched_cb_dec(struct pmu *pmu); extern void perf_sched_cb_inc(struct pmu *pmu); extern int perf_event_task_disable(void); extern int perf_event_task_enable(void); extern void perf_pmu_resched(struct pmu *pmu); extern int perf_event_refresh(struct perf_event *event, int refresh); extern void perf_event_update_userpage(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_event_release_kernel(struct perf_event *event); extern struct perf_event * perf_event_create_kernel_counter(struct perf_event_attr *attr, int cpu, struct task_struct *task, perf_overflow_handler_t callback, void *context); extern void perf_pmu_migrate_context(struct pmu *pmu, int src_cpu, int dst_cpu); int perf_event_read_local(struct perf_event *event, u64 *value, u64 *enabled, u64 *running); extern u64 perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running); struct perf_sample_data { /* * Fields set by perf_sample_data_init(), group so as to * minimize the cachelines touched. */ u64 addr; struct perf_raw_record *raw; struct perf_branch_stack *br_stack; u64 period; u64 weight; u64 txn; union perf_mem_data_src data_src; /* * The other fields, optionally {set,used} by * perf_{prepare,output}_sample(). */ u64 type; u64 ip; struct { u32 pid; u32 tid; } tid_entry; u64 time; u64 id; u64 stream_id; struct { u32 cpu; u32 reserved; } cpu_entry; struct perf_callchain_entry *callchain; u64 aux_size; struct perf_regs regs_user; struct perf_regs regs_intr; u64 stack_user_size; u64 phys_addr; u64 cgroup; } ____cacheline_aligned; /* default value for data source */ #define PERF_MEM_NA (PERF_MEM_S(OP, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(LVL, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(SNOOP, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(LOCK, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(TLB, NA)) static inline void perf_sample_data_init(struct perf_sample_data *data, u64 addr, u64 period) { /* remaining struct members initialized in perf_prepare_sample() */ data->addr = addr; data->raw = NULL; data->br_stack = NULL; data->period = period; data->weight = 0; data->data_src.val = PERF_MEM_NA; data->txn = 0; } extern void perf_output_sample(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_event_header *header, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_prepare_sample(struct perf_event_header *header, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int perf_event_overflow(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); extern void perf_event_output_forward(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); extern void perf_event_output_backward(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int perf_event_output(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline bool is_default_overflow_handler(struct perf_event *event) { if (likely(event->overflow_handler == perf_event_output_forward)) return true; if (unlikely(event->overflow_handler == perf_event_output_backward)) return true; return false; } extern void perf_event_header__init_id(struct perf_event_header *header, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event__output_id_sample(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *sample); extern void perf_log_lost_samples(struct perf_event *event, u64 lost); static inline bool event_has_any_exclude_flag(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr; return attr->exclude_idle || attr->exclude_user || attr->exclude_kernel || attr->exclude_hv || attr->exclude_guest || attr->exclude_host; } static inline bool is_sampling_event(struct perf_event *event) { return event->attr.sample_period != 0; } /* * Return 1 for a software event, 0 for a hardware event */ static inline int is_software_event(struct perf_event *event) { return event->event_caps & PERF_EV_CAP_SOFTWARE; } /* * Return 1 for event in sw context, 0 for event in hw context */ static inline int in_software_context(struct perf_event *event) { return event->ctx->pmu->task_ctx_nr == perf_sw_context; } static inline int is_exclusive_pmu(struct pmu *pmu) { return pmu->capabilities & PERF_PMU_CAP_EXCLUSIVE; } extern struct static_key perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX]; extern void ___perf_sw_event(u32, u64, struct pt_regs *, u64); extern void __perf_sw_event(u32, u64, struct pt_regs *, u64); #ifndef perf_arch_fetch_caller_regs static inline void perf_arch_fetch_caller_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip) { } #endif /* * When generating a perf sample in-line, instead of from an interrupt / * exception, we lack a pt_regs. This is typically used from software events * like: SW_CONTEXT_SWITCHES, SW_MIGRATIONS and the tie-in with tracepoints. * * We typically don't need a full set, but (for x86) do require: * - ip for PERF_SAMPLE_IP * - cs for user_mode() tests * - sp for PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN * - eflags for MISC bits and CALLCHAIN (see: perf_hw_regs()) * * NOTE: assumes @regs is otherwise already 0 filled; this is important for * things like PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR. */ static inline void perf_fetch_caller_regs(struct pt_regs *regs) { perf_arch_fetch_caller_regs(regs, CALLER_ADDR0); } static __always_inline void perf_sw_event(u32 event_id, u64 nr, struct pt_regs *regs, u64 addr) { if (static_key_false(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id])) __perf_sw_event(event_id, nr, regs, addr); } DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs, __perf_regs[4]); /* * 'Special' version for the scheduler, it hard assumes no recursion, * which is guaranteed by us not actually scheduling inside other swevents * because those disable preemption. */ static __always_inline void perf_sw_event_sched(u32 event_id, u64 nr, u64 addr) { if (static_key_false(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id])) { struct pt_regs *regs = this_cpu_ptr(&__perf_regs[0]); perf_fetch_caller_regs(regs); ___perf_sw_event(event_id, nr, regs, addr); } } extern struct static_key_false perf_sched_events; static __always_inline bool perf_sw_migrate_enabled(void) { if (static_key_false(&perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_CPU_MIGRATIONS])) return true; return false; } static inline void perf_event_task_migrate(struct task_struct *task) { if (perf_sw_migrate_enabled()) task->sched_migrated = 1; } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&perf_sched_events)) __perf_event_task_sched_in(prev, task); if (perf_sw_migrate_enabled() && task->sched_migrated) { struct pt_regs *regs = this_cpu_ptr(&__perf_regs[0]); perf_fetch_caller_regs(regs); ___perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_CPU_MIGRATIONS, 1, regs, 0); task->sched_migrated = 0; } } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next) { perf_sw_event_sched(PERF_COUNT_SW_CONTEXT_SWITCHES, 1, 0); if (static_branch_unlikely(&perf_sched_events)) __perf_event_task_sched_out(prev, next); } extern void perf_event_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void perf_event_ksymbol(u16 ksym_type, u64 addr, u32 len, bool unregister, const char *sym); extern void perf_event_bpf_event(struct bpf_prog *prog, enum perf_bpf_event_type type, u16 flags); extern struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *perf_guest_cbs; extern int perf_register_guest_info_callbacks(struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks); extern int perf_unregister_guest_info_callbacks(struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks); extern void perf_event_exec(void); extern void perf_event_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, bool exec); extern void perf_event_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void perf_event_fork(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void perf_event_text_poke(const void *addr, const void *old_bytes, size_t old_len, const void *new_bytes, size_t new_len); /* Callchains */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct perf_callchain_entry, perf_callchain_entry); extern void perf_callchain_user(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *entry, struct pt_regs *regs); extern void perf_callchain_kernel(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *entry, struct pt_regs *regs); extern struct perf_callchain_entry * get_perf_callchain(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 init_nr, bool kernel, bool user, u32 max_stack, bool crosstask, bool add_mark); extern struct perf_callchain_entry *perf_callchain(struct perf_event *event, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int get_callchain_buffers(int max_stack); extern void put_callchain_buffers(void); extern struct perf_callchain_entry *get_callchain_entry(int *rctx); extern void put_callchain_entry(int rctx); extern int sysctl_perf_event_max_stack; extern int sysctl_perf_event_max_contexts_per_stack; static inline int perf_callchain_store_context(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *ctx, u64 ip) { if (ctx->contexts < sysctl_perf_event_max_contexts_per_stack) { struct perf_callchain_entry *entry = ctx->entry; entry->ip[entry->nr++] = ip; ++ctx->contexts; return 0; } else { ctx->contexts_maxed = true; return -1; /* no more room, stop walking the stack */ } } static inline int perf_callchain_store(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *ctx, u64 ip) { if (ctx->nr < ctx->max_stack && !ctx->contexts_maxed) { struct perf_callchain_entry *entry = ctx->entry; entry->ip[entry->nr++] = ip; ++ctx->nr; return 0; } else { return -1; /* no more room, stop walking the stack */ } } extern int sysctl_perf_event_paranoid; extern int sysctl_perf_event_mlock; extern int sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate; extern int sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; extern void perf_sample_event_took(u64 sample_len_ns); int perf_proc_update_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int perf_cpu_time_max_percent_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int perf_event_max_stack_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); /* Access to perf_event_open(2) syscall. */ #define PERF_SECURITY_OPEN 0 /* Finer grained perf_event_open(2) access control. */ #define PERF_SECURITY_CPU 1 #define PERF_SECURITY_KERNEL 2 #define PERF_SECURITY_TRACEPOINT 3 static inline int perf_is_paranoid(void) { return sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > -1; } static inline int perf_allow_kernel(struct perf_event_attr *attr) { if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 1 && !perfmon_capable()) return -EACCES; return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_KERNEL); } static inline int perf_allow_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr) { if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 0 && !perfmon_capable()) return -EACCES; return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_CPU); } static inline int perf_allow_tracepoint(struct perf_event_attr *attr) { if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > -1 && !perfmon_capable()) return -EPERM; return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_TRACEPOINT); } extern void perf_event_init(void); extern void perf_tp_event(u16 event_type, u64 count, void *record, int entry_size, struct pt_regs *regs, struct hlist_head *head, int rctx, struct task_struct *task); extern void perf_bp_event(struct perf_event *event, void *data); #ifndef perf_misc_flags # define perf_misc_flags(regs) \ (user_mode(regs) ? PERF_RECORD_MISC_USER : PERF_RECORD_MISC_KERNEL) # define perf_instruction_pointer(regs) instruction_pointer(regs) #endif #ifndef perf_arch_bpf_user_pt_regs # define perf_arch_bpf_user_pt_regs(regs) regs #endif static inline bool has_branch_stack(struct perf_event *event) { return event->attr.sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_STACK; } static inline bool needs_branch_stack(struct perf_event *event) { return event->attr.branch_sample_type != 0; } static inline bool has_aux(struct perf_event *event) { return event->pmu->setup_aux; } static inline bool is_write_backward(struct perf_event *event) { return !!event->attr.write_backward; } static inline bool has_addr_filter(struct perf_event *event) { return event->pmu->nr_addr_filters; } /* * An inherited event uses parent's filters */ static inline struct perf_addr_filters_head * perf_event_addr_filters(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_addr_filters_head *ifh = &event->addr_filters; if (event->parent) ifh = &event->parent->addr_filters; return ifh; } extern void perf_event_addr_filters_sync(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, unsigned int size); extern int perf_output_begin_forward(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, unsigned int size); extern int perf_output_begin_backward(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, unsigned int size); extern void perf_output_end(struct perf_output_handle *handle); extern unsigned int perf_output_copy(struct perf_output_handle *handle, const void *buf, unsigned int len); extern unsigned int perf_output_skip(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned int len); extern long perf_output_copy_aux(struct perf_output_handle *aux_handle, struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long from, unsigned long to); extern int perf_swevent_get_recursion_context(void); extern void perf_swevent_put_recursion_context(int rctx); extern u64 perf_swevent_set_period(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_disable_local(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_disable_inatomic(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_task_tick(void); extern int perf_event_account_interrupt(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value); extern u64 perf_event_pause(struct perf_event *event, bool reset); #else /* !CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS: */ static inline void * perf_aux_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_event *event) { return NULL; } static inline void perf_aux_output_end(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size) { } static inline int perf_aux_output_skip(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void * perf_get_aux(struct perf_output_handle *handle) { return NULL; } static inline void perf_event_task_migrate(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next) { } static inline int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child) { return 0; } static inline void perf_event_exit_task(struct task_struct *child) { } static inline void perf_event_free_task(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void perf_event_delayed_put(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline struct file *perf_event_get(unsigned int fd) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline const struct perf_event *perf_get_event(struct file *file) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline const struct perf_event_attr *perf_event_attrs(struct perf_event *event) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline int perf_event_read_local(struct perf_event *event, u64 *value, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void perf_event_print_debug(void) { } static inline int perf_event_task_disable(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int perf_event_task_enable(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int perf_event_refresh(struct perf_event *event, int refresh) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void perf_sw_event(u32 event_id, u64 nr, struct pt_regs *regs, u64 addr) { } static inline void perf_sw_event_sched(u32 event_id, u64 nr, u64 addr) { } static inline void perf_bp_event(struct perf_event *event, void *data) { } static inline int perf_register_guest_info_callbacks (struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks) { return 0; } static inline int perf_unregister_guest_info_callbacks (struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks) { return 0; } static inline void perf_event_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } typedef int (perf_ksymbol_get_name_f)(char *name, int name_len, void *data); static inline void perf_event_ksymbol(u16 ksym_type, u64 addr, u32 len, bool unregister, const char *sym) { } static inline void perf_event_bpf_event(struct bpf_prog *prog, enum perf_bpf_event_type type, u16 flags) { } static inline void perf_event_exec(void) { } static inline void perf_event_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, bool exec) { } static inline void perf_event_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void perf_event_fork(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void perf_event_text_poke(const void *addr, const void *old_bytes, size_t old_len, const void *new_bytes, size_t new_len) { } static inline void perf_event_init(void) { } static inline int perf_swevent_get_recursion_context(void) { return -1; } static inline void perf_swevent_put_recursion_context(int rctx) { } static inline u64 perf_swevent_set_period(struct perf_event *event) { return 0; } static inline void perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline void perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline int __perf_event_disable(void *info) { return -1; } static inline void perf_event_task_tick(void) { } static inline int perf_event_release_kernel(struct perf_event *event) { return 0; } static inline int perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value) { return -EINVAL; } static inline u64 perf_event_pause(struct perf_event *event, bool reset) { return 0; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL) extern void perf_restore_debug_store(void); #else static inline void perf_restore_debug_store(void) { } #endif static __always_inline bool perf_raw_frag_last(const struct perf_raw_frag *frag) { return frag->pad < sizeof(u64); } #define perf_output_put(handle, x) perf_output_copy((handle), &(x), sizeof(x)) struct perf_pmu_events_attr { struct device_attribute attr; u64 id; const char *event_str; }; struct perf_pmu_events_ht_attr { struct device_attribute attr; u64 id; const char *event_str_ht; const char *event_str_noht; }; ssize_t perf_event_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); #define PMU_EVENT_ATTR(_name, _var, _id, _show) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr _var = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, _show, NULL), \ .id = _id, \ }; #define PMU_EVENT_ATTR_STRING(_name, _var, _str) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr _var = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, perf_event_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = 0, \ .event_str = _str, \ }; #define PMU_FORMAT_ATTR(_name, _format) \ static ssize_t \ _name##_show(struct device *dev, \ struct device_attribute *attr, \ char *page) \ { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(_format) >= PAGE_SIZE); \ return sprintf(page, _format "\n"); \ } \ \ static struct device_attribute format_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name) /* Performance counter hotplug functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS int perf_event_init_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int perf_event_exit_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define perf_event_init_cpu NULL #define perf_event_exit_cpu NULL #endif extern void __weak arch_perf_update_userpage(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_mmap_page *userpg, u64 now); #endif /* _LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/ioctl.c * * Copyright (C) 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4.h" #include <linux/fsmap.h> #include "fsmap.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /** * Swap memory between @a and @b for @len bytes. * * @a: pointer to first memory area * @b: pointer to second memory area * @len: number of bytes to swap * */ static void memswap(void *a, void *b, size_t len) { unsigned char *ap, *bp; ap = (unsigned char *)a; bp = (unsigned char *)b; while (len-- > 0) { swap(*ap, *bp); ap++; bp++; } } /** * Swap i_data and associated attributes between @inode1 and @inode2. * This function is used for the primary swap between inode1 and inode2 * and also to revert this primary swap in case of errors. * * Therefore you have to make sure, that calling this method twice * will revert all changes. * * @inode1: pointer to first inode * @inode2: pointer to second inode */ static void swap_inode_data(struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2) { loff_t isize; struct ext4_inode_info *ei1; struct ext4_inode_info *ei2; unsigned long tmp; ei1 = EXT4_I(inode1); ei2 = EXT4_I(inode2); swap(inode1->i_version, inode2->i_version); swap(inode1->i_atime, inode2->i_atime); swap(inode1->i_mtime, inode2->i_mtime); memswap(ei1->i_data, ei2->i_data, sizeof(ei1->i_data)); tmp = ei1->i_flags & EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP; ei1->i_flags = (ei2->i_flags & EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP) | (ei1->i_flags & ~EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP); ei2->i_flags = tmp | (ei2->i_flags & ~EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP); swap(ei1->i_disksize, ei2->i_disksize); ext4_es_remove_extent(inode1, 0, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS); ext4_es_remove_extent(inode2, 0, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS); isize = i_size_read(inode1); i_size_write(inode1, i_size_read(inode2)); i_size_write(inode2, isize); } void ext4_reset_inode_seed(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __le32 inum = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); __le32 gen = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_generation); __u32 csum; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)&inum, sizeof(inum)); ei->i_csum_seed = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&gen, sizeof(gen)); } /** * Swap the information from the given @inode and the inode * EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO. It will basically swap i_data and all other * important fields of the inodes. * * @sb: the super block of the filesystem * @inode: the inode to swap with EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO * */ static long swap_inode_boot_loader(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode) { handle_t *handle; int err; struct inode *inode_bl; struct ext4_inode_info *ei_bl; qsize_t size, size_bl, diff; blkcnt_t blocks; unsigned short bytes; inode_bl = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL); if (IS_ERR(inode_bl)) return PTR_ERR(inode_bl); ei_bl = EXT4_I(inode_bl); /* Protect orig inodes against a truncate and make sure, * that only 1 swap_inode_boot_loader is running. */ lock_two_nondirectories(inode, inode_bl); if (inode->i_nlink != 1 || !S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || IS_SWAPFILE(inode) || IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) || (EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL) || ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { err = -EINVAL; goto journal_err_out; } if (IS_RDONLY(inode) || IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || !inode_owner_or_capable(inode) || !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = -EPERM; goto journal_err_out; } down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); err = filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); if (err) goto err_out; err = filemap_write_and_wait(inode_bl->i_mapping); if (err) goto err_out; /* Wait for all existing dio workers */ inode_dio_wait(inode); inode_dio_wait(inode_bl); truncate_inode_pages(&inode->i_data, 0); truncate_inode_pages(&inode_bl->i_data, 0); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode_bl, EXT4_HT_MOVE_EXTENTS, 2); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = -EINVAL; goto err_out; } ext4_fc_start_ineligible(sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_SWAP_BOOT); /* Protect extent tree against block allocations via delalloc */ ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(inode, inode_bl); if (inode_bl->i_nlink == 0) { /* this inode has never been used as a BOOT_LOADER */ set_nlink(inode_bl, 1); i_uid_write(inode_bl, 0); i_gid_write(inode_bl, 0); inode_bl->i_flags = 0; ei_bl->i_flags = 0; inode_set_iversion(inode_bl, 1); i_size_write(inode_bl, 0); inode_bl->i_mode = S_IFREG; if (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) { ext4_set_inode_flag(inode_bl, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS); ext4_ext_tree_init(handle, inode_bl); } else memset(ei_bl->i_data, 0, sizeof(ei_bl->i_data)); } err = dquot_initialize(inode); if (err) goto err_out1; size = (qsize_t)(inode->i_blocks) * (1 << 9) + inode->i_bytes; size_bl = (qsize_t)(inode_bl->i_blocks) * (1 << 9) + inode_bl->i_bytes; diff = size - size_bl; swap_inode_data(inode, inode_bl); inode->i_ctime = inode_bl->i_ctime = current_time(inode); inode->i_generation = prandom_u32(); inode_bl->i_generation = prandom_u32(); ext4_reset_inode_seed(inode); ext4_reset_inode_seed(inode_bl); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err < 0) { /* No need to update quota information. */ ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "couldn't mark inode #%lu dirty (err %d)", inode->i_ino, err); /* Revert all changes: */ swap_inode_data(inode, inode_bl); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); goto err_out1; } blocks = inode_bl->i_blocks; bytes = inode_bl->i_bytes; inode_bl->i_blocks = inode->i_blocks; inode_bl->i_bytes = inode->i_bytes; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode_bl); if (err < 0) { /* No need to update quota information. */ ext4_warning(inode_bl->i_sb, "couldn't mark inode #%lu dirty (err %d)", inode_bl->i_ino, err); goto revert; } /* Bootloader inode should not be counted into quota information. */ if (diff > 0) dquot_free_space(inode, diff); else err = dquot_alloc_space(inode, -1 * diff); if (err < 0) { revert: /* Revert all changes: */ inode_bl->i_blocks = blocks; inode_bl->i_bytes = bytes; swap_inode_data(inode, inode_bl); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode_bl); } err_out1: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(sb); ext4_double_up_write_data_sem(inode, inode_bl); err_out: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); journal_err_out: unlock_two_nondirectories(inode, inode_bl); iput(inode_bl); return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static int uuid_is_zero(__u8 u[16]) { int i; for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) if (u[i]) return 0; return 1; } #endif /* * If immutable is set and we are not clearing it, we're not allowed to change * anything else in the inode. Don't error out if we're only trying to set * immutable on an immutable file. */ static int ext4_ioctl_check_immutable(struct inode *inode, __u32 new_projid, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); unsigned int oldflags = ei->i_flags; if (!(oldflags & EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL) || !(flags & EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL)) return 0; if ((oldflags & ~EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL) != (flags & ~EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL)) return -EPERM; if (ext4_has_feature_project(inode->i_sb) && __kprojid_val(ei->i_projid) != new_projid) return -EPERM; return 0; } static void ext4_dax_dontcache(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return; if (test_opt2(inode->i_sb, DAX_NEVER) || test_opt(inode->i_sb, DAX_ALWAYS)) return; if ((ei->i_flags ^ flags) & EXT4_DAX_FL) d_mark_dontcache(inode); } static bool dax_compatible(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags) { /* Allow the DAX flag to be changed on inline directories */ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { flags &= ~EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL; oldflags &= ~EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL; } if (flags & EXT4_DAX_FL) { if ((oldflags & EXT4_DAX_MUT_EXCL) || ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS)) { return false; } } if ((flags & EXT4_DAX_MUT_EXCL) && (oldflags & EXT4_DAX_FL)) return false; return true; } static int ext4_ioctl_setflags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); handle_t *handle = NULL; int err = -EPERM, migrate = 0; struct ext4_iloc iloc; unsigned int oldflags, mask, i; struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; /* Is it quota file? Do not allow user to mess with it */ if (ext4_is_quota_file(inode)) goto flags_out; oldflags = ei->i_flags; err = vfs_ioc_setflags_prepare(inode, oldflags, flags); if (err) goto flags_out; /* * The JOURNAL_DATA flag can only be changed by * the relevant capability. */ if ((flags ^ oldflags) & (EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL)) { if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) goto flags_out; } if (!dax_compatible(inode, oldflags, flags)) { err = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto flags_out; } if ((flags ^ oldflags) & EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) migrate = 1; if ((flags ^ oldflags) & EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) { if (!ext4_has_feature_casefold(sb)) { err = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto flags_out; } if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { err = -ENOTDIR; goto flags_out; } if (!ext4_empty_dir(inode)) { err = -ENOTEMPTY; goto flags_out; } } /* * Wait for all pending directio and then flush all the dirty pages * for this file. The flush marks all the pages readonly, so any * subsequent attempt to write to the file (particularly mmap pages) * will come through the filesystem and fail. */ if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) && (flags & EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL)) { inode_dio_wait(inode); err = filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); if (err) goto flags_out; } handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); goto flags_out; } if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); if (err) goto flags_err; ext4_dax_dontcache(inode, flags); for (i = 0, mask = 1; i < 32; i++, mask <<= 1) { if (!(mask & EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE)) continue; /* These flags get special treatment later */ if (mask == EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL || mask == EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) continue; if (mask & flags) ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, i); else ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, i); } ext4_set_inode_flags(inode, false); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); flags_err: ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err) goto flags_out; if ((flags ^ oldflags) & (EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL)) { /* * Changes to the journaling mode can cause unsafe changes to * S_DAX if the inode is DAX */ if (IS_DAX(inode)) { err = -EBUSY; goto flags_out; } err = ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(inode, flags & EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL); if (err) goto flags_out; } if (migrate) { if (flags & EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) err = ext4_ext_migrate(inode); else err = ext4_ind_migrate(inode); } flags_out: return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static int ext4_ioctl_setproject(struct file *filp, __u32 projid) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); int err, rc; handle_t *handle; kprojid_t kprojid; struct ext4_iloc iloc; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct dquot *transfer_to[MAXQUOTAS] = { }; if (!ext4_has_feature_project(sb)) { if (projid != EXT4_DEF_PROJID) return -EOPNOTSUPP; else return 0; } if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb) <= EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kprojid = make_kprojid(&init_user_ns, (projid_t)projid); if (projid_eq(kprojid, EXT4_I(inode)->i_projid)) return 0; err = -EPERM; /* Is it quota file? Do not allow user to mess with it */ if (ext4_is_quota_file(inode)) return err; err = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (err) return err; raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc); if (!EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, ei, i_projid)) { err = ext4_expand_extra_isize(inode, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_want_extra_isize, &iloc); if (err) return err; } else { brelse(iloc.bh); } err = dquot_initialize(inode); if (err) return err; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA, EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) + EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) + 3); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); if (err) goto out_stop; transfer_to[PRJQUOTA] = dqget(sb, make_kqid_projid(kprojid)); if (!IS_ERR(transfer_to[PRJQUOTA])) { /* __dquot_transfer() calls back ext4_get_inode_usage() which * counts xattr inode references. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); err = __dquot_transfer(inode, transfer_to); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); dqput(transfer_to[PRJQUOTA]); if (err) goto out_dirty; } EXT4_I(inode)->i_projid = kprojid; inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); out_dirty: rc = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); if (!err) err = rc; out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); return err; } #else static int ext4_ioctl_setproject(struct file *filp, __u32 projid) { if (projid != EXT4_DEF_PROJID) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return 0; } #endif /* Transfer internal flags to xflags */ static inline __u32 ext4_iflags_to_xflags(unsigned long iflags) { __u32 xflags = 0; if (iflags & EXT4_SYNC_FL) xflags |= FS_XFLAG_SYNC; if (iflags & EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL) xflags |= FS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE; if (iflags & EXT4_APPEND_FL) xflags |= FS_XFLAG_APPEND; if (iflags & EXT4_NODUMP_FL) xflags |= FS_XFLAG_NODUMP; if (iflags & EXT4_NOATIME_FL) xflags |= FS_XFLAG_NOATIME; if (iflags & EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL) xflags |= FS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT; if (iflags & EXT4_DAX_FL) xflags |= FS_XFLAG_DAX; return xflags; } #define EXT4_SUPPORTED_FS_XFLAGS (FS_XFLAG_SYNC | FS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE | \ FS_XFLAG_APPEND | FS_XFLAG_NODUMP | \ FS_XFLAG_NOATIME | FS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT | \ FS_XFLAG_DAX) /* Transfer xflags flags to internal */ static inline unsigned long ext4_xflags_to_iflags(__u32 xflags) { unsigned long iflags = 0; if (xflags & FS_XFLAG_SYNC) iflags |= EXT4_SYNC_FL; if (xflags & FS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE) iflags |= EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL; if (xflags & FS_XFLAG_APPEND) iflags |= EXT4_APPEND_FL; if (xflags & FS_XFLAG_NODUMP) iflags |= EXT4_NODUMP_FL; if (xflags & FS_XFLAG_NOATIME) iflags |= EXT4_NOATIME_FL; if (xflags & FS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT) iflags |= EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL; if (xflags & FS_XFLAG_DAX) iflags |= EXT4_DAX_FL; return iflags; } static int ext4_shutdown(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long arg) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); __u32 flags; if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (get_user(flags, (__u32 __user *)arg)) return -EFAULT; if (flags > EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_NOLOGFLUSH) return -EINVAL; if (ext4_forced_shutdown(sbi)) return 0; ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ALERT, "shut down requested (%d)", flags); trace_ext4_shutdown(sb, flags); switch (flags) { case EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_DEFAULT: freeze_bdev(sb->s_bdev); set_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); thaw_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb); break; case EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_LOGFLUSH: set_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); if (sbi->s_journal && !is_journal_aborted(sbi->s_journal)) { (void) ext4_force_commit(sb); jbd2_journal_abort(sbi->s_journal, -ESHUTDOWN); } break; case EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_NOLOGFLUSH: set_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); if (sbi->s_journal && !is_journal_aborted(sbi->s_journal)) jbd2_journal_abort(sbi->s_journal, -ESHUTDOWN); break; default: return -EINVAL; } clear_opt(sb, DISCARD); return 0; } struct getfsmap_info { struct super_block *gi_sb; struct fsmap_head __user *gi_data; unsigned int gi_idx; __u32 gi_last_flags; }; static int ext4_getfsmap_format(struct ext4_fsmap *xfm, void *priv) { struct getfsmap_info *info = priv; struct fsmap fm; trace_ext4_getfsmap_mapping(info->gi_sb, xfm); info->gi_last_flags = xfm->fmr_flags; ext4_fsmap_from_internal(info->gi_sb, &fm, xfm); if (copy_to_user(&info->gi_data->fmh_recs[info->gi_idx++], &fm, sizeof(struct fsmap))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } static int ext4_ioc_getfsmap(struct super_block *sb, struct fsmap_head __user *arg) { struct getfsmap_info info = { NULL }; struct ext4_fsmap_head xhead = {0}; struct fsmap_head head; bool aborted = false; int error; if (copy_from_user(&head, arg, sizeof(struct fsmap_head))) return -EFAULT; if (memchr_inv(head.fmh_reserved, 0, sizeof(head.fmh_reserved)) || memchr_inv(head.fmh_keys[0].fmr_reserved, 0, sizeof(head.fmh_keys[0].fmr_reserved)) || memchr_inv(head.fmh_keys[1].fmr_reserved, 0, sizeof(head.fmh_keys[1].fmr_reserved))) return -EINVAL; /* * ext4 doesn't report file extents at all, so the only valid * file offsets are the magic ones (all zeroes or all ones). */ if (head.fmh_keys[0].fmr_offset || (head.fmh_keys[1].fmr_offset != 0 && head.fmh_keys[1].fmr_offset != -1ULL)) return -EINVAL; xhead.fmh_iflags = head.fmh_iflags; xhead.fmh_count = head.fmh_count; ext4_fsmap_to_internal(sb, &xhead.fmh_keys[0], &head.fmh_keys[0]); ext4_fsmap_to_internal(sb, &xhead.fmh_keys[1], &head.fmh_keys[1]); trace_ext4_getfsmap_low_key(sb, &xhead.fmh_keys[0]); trace_ext4_getfsmap_high_key(sb, &xhead.fmh_keys[1]); info.gi_sb = sb; info.gi_data = arg; error = ext4_getfsmap(sb, &xhead, ext4_getfsmap_format, &info); if (error == EXT4_QUERY_RANGE_ABORT) { error = 0; aborted = true; } else if (error) return error; /* If we didn't abort, set the "last" flag in the last fmx */ if (!aborted && info.gi_idx) { info.gi_last_flags |= FMR_OF_LAST; if (copy_to_user(&info.gi_data->fmh_recs[info.gi_idx - 1].fmr_flags, &info.gi_last_flags, sizeof(info.gi_last_flags))) return -EFAULT; } /* copy back header */ head.fmh_entries = xhead.fmh_entries; head.fmh_oflags = xhead.fmh_oflags; if (copy_to_user(arg, &head, sizeof(struct fsmap_head))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } static long ext4_ioctl_group_add(struct file *file, struct ext4_new_group_data *input) { struct super_block *sb = file_inode(file)->i_sb; int err, err2=0; err = ext4_resize_begin(sb); if (err) return err; if (ext4_has_feature_bigalloc(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Online resizing not supported with bigalloc"); err = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto group_add_out; } err = mnt_want_write_file(file); if (err) goto group_add_out; err = ext4_group_add(sb, input); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) { jbd2_journal_lock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal); err2 = jbd2_journal_flush(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal); jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal); } if (err == 0) err = err2; mnt_drop_write_file(file); if (!err && ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE)) err = ext4_register_li_request(sb, input->group); group_add_out: ext4_resize_end(sb); return err; } static void ext4_fill_fsxattr(struct inode *inode, struct fsxattr *fa) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); simple_fill_fsxattr(fa, ext4_iflags_to_xflags(ei->i_flags & EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE)); if (ext4_has_feature_project(inode->i_sb)) fa->fsx_projid = from_kprojid(&init_user_ns, ei->i_projid); } /* So that the fiemap access checks can't overflow on 32 bit machines. */ #define FIEMAP_MAX_EXTENTS (UINT_MAX / sizeof(struct fiemap_extent)) static int ext4_ioctl_get_es_cache(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg) { struct fiemap fiemap; struct fiemap __user *ufiemap = (struct fiemap __user *) arg; struct fiemap_extent_info fieinfo = { 0, }; struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); int error; if (copy_from_user(&fiemap, ufiemap, sizeof(fiemap))) return -EFAULT; if (fiemap.fm_extent_count > FIEMAP_MAX_EXTENTS) return -EINVAL; fieinfo.fi_flags = fiemap.fm_flags; fieinfo.fi_extents_max = fiemap.fm_extent_count;