5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * preemptoff and irqoff tracepoints * * Copyright (C) Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org> */ #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include "trace.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/preemptirq.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS /* Per-cpu variable to prevent redundant calls when IRQs already off */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, tracing_irq_cpu); /* * Like trace_hardirqs_on() but without the lockdep invocation. This is * used in the low level entry code where the ordering vs. RCU is important * and lockdep uses a staged approach which splits the lockdep hardirq * tracking into a RCU on and a RCU off section. */ void trace_hardirqs_on_prepare(void) { if (this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_enable(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); tracer_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 0); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_prepare); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_prepare); void trace_hardirqs_on(void) { if (this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); tracer_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 0); } lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare(CALLER_ADDR0); lockdep_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on); /* * Like trace_hardirqs_off() but without the lockdep invocation. This is * used in the low level entry code where the ordering vs. RCU is important * and lockdep uses a staged approach which splits the lockdep hardirq * tracking into a RCU on and a RCU off section. */ void trace_hardirqs_off_finish(void) { if (!this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 1); tracer_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_disable(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_finish); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_finish); void trace_hardirqs_off(void) { lockdep_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0); if (!this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 1); tracer_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off); __visible void trace_hardirqs_on_caller(unsigned long caller_addr) { if (this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); tracer_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 0); } lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare(CALLER_ADDR0); lockdep_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_caller); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_caller); __visible void trace_hardirqs_off_caller(unsigned long caller_addr) { lockdep_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0); if (!this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 1); tracer_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_caller); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_caller); #endif /* CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_PREEMPT_TOGGLE void trace_preempt_on(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_preempt_enable_rcuidle(a0, a1); tracer_preempt_on(a0, a1); } void trace_preempt_off(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_preempt_disable_rcuidle(a0, a1); tracer_preempt_off(a0, a1); } #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> /* * An errseq_t is a way of recording errors in one place, and allowing any * number of "subscribers" to tell whether it has changed since a previous * point where it was sampled. * * It's implemented as an unsigned 32-bit value. The low order bits are * designated to hold an error code (between 0 and -MAX_ERRNO). The upper bits * are used as a counter. This is done with atomics instead of locking so that * these functions can be called from any context. * * The general idea is for consumers to sample an errseq_t value. That value * can later be used to tell whether any new errors have occurred since that * sampling was done. * * Note that there is a risk of collisions if new errors are being recorded * frequently, since we have so few bits to use as a counter. * * To mitigate this, one bit is used as a flag to tell whether the value has * been sampled since a new value was recorded. That allows us to avoid bumping * the counter if no one has sampled it since the last time an error was * recorded. * * A new errseq_t should always be zeroed out. A errseq_t value of all zeroes * is the special (but common) case where there has never been an error. An all * zero value thus serves as the "epoch" if one wishes to know whether there * has ever been an error set since it was first initialized. */ /* The low bits are designated for error code (max of MAX_ERRNO) */ #define ERRSEQ_SHIFT ilog2(MAX_ERRNO + 1) /* This bit is used as a flag to indicate whether the value has been seen */ #define ERRSEQ_SEEN (1 << ERRSEQ_SHIFT) /* The lowest bit of the counter */ #define ERRSEQ_CTR_INC (1 << (ERRSEQ_SHIFT + 1)) /** * errseq_set - set a errseq_t for later reporting * @eseq: errseq_t field that should be set * @err: error to set (must be between -1 and -MAX_ERRNO) * * This function sets the error in @eseq, and increments the sequence counter * if the last sequence was sampled at some point in the past. * * Any error set will always overwrite an existing error. * * Return: The previous value, primarily for debugging purposes. The * return value should not be used as a previously sampled value in later * calls as it will not have the SEEN flag set. */ errseq_t errseq_set(errseq_t *eseq, int err) { errseq_t cur, old; /* MAX_ERRNO must be able to serve as a mask */ BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(MAX_ERRNO + 1); /* * Ensure the error code actually fits where we want it to go. If it * doesn't then just throw a warning and don't record anything. We * also don't accept zero here as that would effectively clear a * previous error. */ old = READ_ONCE(*eseq); if (WARN(unlikely(err == 0 || (unsigned int)-err > MAX_ERRNO), "err = %d\n", err)) return old; for (;;) { errseq_t new; /* Clear out error bits and set new error */ new = (old & ~(MAX_ERRNO|ERRSEQ_SEEN)) | -err; /* Only increment if someone has looked at it */ if (old & ERRSEQ_SEEN) new += ERRSEQ_CTR_INC; /* If there would be no change, then call it done */ if (new == old) { cur = new; break; } /* Try to swap the new value into place */ cur = cmpxchg(eseq, old, new); /* * Call it success if we did the swap or someone else beat us * to it for the same value. */ if (likely(cur == old || cur == new)) break; /* Raced with an update, try again */ old = cur; } return cur; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_set); /** * errseq_sample() - Grab current errseq_t value. * @eseq: Pointer to errseq_t to be sampled. * * This function allows callers to initialise their errseq_t variable. * If the error has been "seen", new callers will not see an old error. * If there is an unseen error in @eseq, the caller of this function will * see it the next time it checks for an error. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The current errseq value. */ errseq_t errseq_sample(errseq_t *eseq) { errseq_t old = READ_ONCE(*eseq); /* If nobody has seen this error yet, then we can be the first. */ if (!(old & ERRSEQ_SEEN)) old = 0; return old; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_sample); /** * errseq_check() - Has an error occurred since a particular sample point? * @eseq: Pointer to errseq_t value to be checked. * @since: Previously-sampled errseq_t from which to check. * * Grab the value that eseq points to, and see if it has changed @since * the given value was sampled. The @since value is not advanced, so there * is no need to mark the value as seen. * * Return: The latest error set in the errseq_t or 0 if it hasn't changed. */ int errseq_check(errseq_t *eseq, errseq_t since) { errseq_t cur = READ_ONCE(*eseq); if (likely(cur == since)) return 0; return -(cur & MAX_ERRNO); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_check); /** * errseq_check_and_advance() - Check an errseq_t and advance to current value. * @eseq: Pointer to value being checked and reported. * @since: Pointer to previously-sampled errseq_t to check against and advance. * * Grab the eseq value, and see whether it matches the value that @since * points to. If it does, then just return 0. * * If it doesn't, then the value has changed. Set the "seen" flag, and try to * swap it into place as the new eseq value. Then, set that value as the new * "since" value, and return whatever the error portion is set to. * * Note that no locking is provided here for concurrent updates to the "since" * value. The caller must provide that if necessary. Because of this, callers * may want to do a lockless errseq_check before taking the lock and calling * this. * * Return: Negative errno if one has been stored, or 0 if no new error has * occurred. */ int errseq_check_and_advance(errseq_t *eseq, errseq_t *since) { int err = 0; errseq_t old, new; /* * Most callers will want to use the inline wrapper to check this, * so that the common case of no error is handled without needing * to take the lock that protects the "since" value. */ old = READ_ONCE(*eseq); if (old != *since) { /* * Set the flag and try to swap it into place if it has * changed. * * We don't care about the outcome of the swap here. If the * swap doesn't occur, then it has either been updated by a * writer who is altering the value in some way (updating * counter or resetting the error), or another reader who is * just setting the "seen" flag. Either outcome is OK, and we * can advance "since" and return an error based on what we * have. */ new = old | ERRSEQ_SEEN; if (new != old) cmpxchg(eseq, old, new); *since = new; err = -(new & MAX_ERRNO); } return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_check_and_advance);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Filesystem parameter description and parser * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #define _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct path; struct constant_table { const char *name; int value; }; struct fs_parameter_spec; struct fs_parse_result; typedef int fs_param_type(struct p_log *, const struct fs_parameter_spec *, struct fs_parameter *, struct fs_parse_result *); /* * The type of parameter expected. */ fs_param_type fs_param_is_bool, fs_param_is_u32, fs_param_is_s32, fs_param_is_u64, fs_param_is_enum, fs_param_is_string, fs_param_is_blob, fs_param_is_blockdev, fs_param_is_path, fs_param_is_fd; /* * Specification of the type of value a parameter wants. * * Note that the fsparam_flag(), fsparam_string(), fsparam_u32(), ... macros * should be used to generate elements of this type. */ struct fs_parameter_spec { const char *name; fs_param_type *type; /* The desired parameter type */ u8 opt; /* Option number (returned by fs_parse()) */ unsigned short flags; #define fs_param_neg_with_no 0x0002 /* "noxxx" is negative param */ #define fs_param_neg_with_empty 0x0004 /* "xxx=" is negative param */ #define fs_param_deprecated 0x0008 /* The param is deprecated */ const void *data; }; /* * Result of parse. */ struct fs_parse_result { bool negated; /* T if param was "noxxx" */ union { bool boolean; /* For spec_bool */ int int_32; /* For spec_s32/spec_enum */ unsigned int uint_32; /* For spec_u32{,_octal,_hex}/spec_enum */ u64 uint_64; /* For spec_u64 */ }; }; extern int __fs_parse(struct p_log *log, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *value, struct fs_parse_result *result); static inline int fs_parse(struct fs_context *fc, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *param, struct fs_parse_result *result) { return __fs_parse(&fc->log, desc, param, result); } extern int fs_lookup_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param, bool want_bdev, struct path *_path); extern int lookup_constant(const struct constant_table tbl[], const char *name, int not_found); #ifdef CONFIG_VALIDATE_FS_PARSER extern bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special); extern bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc); #else static inline bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special) { return true; } static inline bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc) { return true; } #endif /* * Parameter type, name, index and flags element constructors. Use as: * * fsparam_xxxx("foo", Opt_foo) * * If existing helpers are not enough, direct use of __fsparam() would * work, but any such case is probably a sign that new helper is needed. * Helpers will remain stable; low-level implementation may change. */ #define __fsparam(TYPE, NAME, OPT, FLAGS, DATA) \ { \ .name = NAME, \ .opt = OPT, \ .type = TYPE, \ .flags = FLAGS, \ .data = DATA \ } #define fsparam_flag(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_flag_no(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, fs_param_neg_with_no, NULL) #define fsparam_bool(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_bool, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32oct(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)8) #define fsparam_u32hex(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32_hex, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)16) #define fsparam_s32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_s32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u64(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u64, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_enum(NAME, OPT, array) __fsparam(fs_param_is_enum, NAME, OPT, 0, array) #define fsparam_string(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_string, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_blob(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blob, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_bdev(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blockdev, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_path(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_path, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_fd(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_fd, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #endif /* _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY 0 /* * If more than 16 keys are ever supported, a thorough audit * will be necessary to ensure that the types that store key * numbers and masks have sufficient capacity. */ #define arch_max_pkey() (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE) ? 16 : 1) extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); static inline bool arch_pkeys_enabled(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE); } /* * Try to dedicate one of the protection keys to be used as an * execute-only protection key. */ extern int __execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline int execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY; return __execute_only_pkey(mm); } extern int __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey); static inline int arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return 0; return __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(vma, prot, pkey); } extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); #define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS (VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3) #define mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) (mm->context.pkey_allocation_map) #define mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) |= (1U << pkey); \ } while (0) #define mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) &= ~(1U << pkey); \ } while (0) static inline bool mm_pkey_is_allocated(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { /* * "Allocated" pkeys are those that have been returned * from pkey_alloc() or pkey 0 which is allocated * implicitly when the mm is created. */ if (pkey < 0) return false; if (pkey >= arch_max_pkey()) return false; /* * The exec-only pkey is set in the allocation map, but * is not available to any of the user interfaces like * mprotect_pkey(). */ if (pkey == mm->context.execute_only_pkey) return false; return mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) & (1U << pkey); } /* * Returns a positive, 4-bit key on success, or -1 on failure. */ static inline int mm_pkey_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Note: this is the one and only place we make sure * that the pkey is valid as far as the hardware is * concerned. The rest of the kernel trusts that * only good, valid pkeys come out of here. */ u16 all_pkeys_mask = ((1U << arch_max_pkey()) - 1); int ret; /* * Are we out of pkeys? We must handle this specially * because ffz() behavior is undefined if there are no * zeros. */ if (mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) == all_pkeys_mask) return -1; ret = ffz(mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm)); mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, ret); return ret; } static inline int mm_pkey_free(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { if (!mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey)) return -EINVAL; mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey); return 0; } extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern void copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(void); static inline int vma_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vma_pkey_mask = VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3; return (vma->vm_flags & vma_pkey_mask) >> VM_PKEY_SHIFT; } #endif /*_ASM_X86_PKEYS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM migrate #if !defined(_TRACE_MIGRATE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_MIGRATE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define MIGRATE_MODE \ EM( MIGRATE_ASYNC, "MIGRATE_ASYNC") \ EM( MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT, "MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT") \ EMe(MIGRATE_SYNC, "MIGRATE_SYNC") #define MIGRATE_REASON \ EM( MR_COMPACTION, "compaction") \ EM( MR_MEMORY_FAILURE, "memory_failure") \ EM( MR_MEMORY_HOTPLUG, "memory_hotplug") \ EM( MR_SYSCALL, "syscall_or_cpuset") \ EM( MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND, "mempolicy_mbind") \ EM( MR_NUMA_MISPLACED, "numa_misplaced") \ EMe(MR_CONTIG_RANGE, "contig_range") /* * First define the enums in the above macros to be exported to userspace * via TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(). */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); MIGRATE_MODE MIGRATE_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) {a, b}, #define EMe(a, b) {a, b} TRACE_EVENT(mm_migrate_pages, TP_PROTO(unsigned long succeeded, unsigned long failed, unsigned long thp_succeeded, unsigned long thp_failed, unsigned long thp_split, enum migrate_mode mode, int reason), TP_ARGS(succeeded, failed, thp_succeeded, thp_failed, thp_split, mode, reason), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, succeeded) __field( unsigned long, failed) __field( unsigned long, thp_succeeded) __field( unsigned long, thp_failed) __field( unsigned long, thp_split) __field( enum migrate_mode, mode) __field( int, reason) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->succeeded = succeeded; __entry->failed = failed; __entry->thp_succeeded = thp_succeeded; __entry->thp_failed = thp_failed; __entry->thp_split = thp_split; __entry->mode = mode; __entry->reason = reason; ), TP_printk("nr_succeeded=%lu nr_failed=%lu nr_thp_succeeded=%lu nr_thp_failed=%lu nr_thp_split=%lu mode=%s reason=%s", __entry->succeeded, __entry->failed, __entry->thp_succeeded, __entry->thp_failed, __entry->thp_split, __print_symbolic(__entry->mode, MIGRATE_MODE), __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, MIGRATE_REASON)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_MIGRATE_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_UNALIGNED_ACCESS_OK_H #define _LINUX_UNALIGNED_ACCESS_OK_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> static __always_inline u16 get_unaligned_le16(const void *p) { return le16_to_cpup((__le16 *)p); } static __always_inline u32 get_unaligned_le32(const void *p) { return le32_to_cpup((__le32 *)p); } static __always_inline u64 get_unaligned_le64(const void *p) { return le64_to_cpup((__le64 *)p); } static __always_inline u16 get_unaligned_be16(const void *p) { return be16_to_cpup((__be16 *)p); } static __always_inline u32 get_unaligned_be32(const void *p) { return be32_to_cpup((__be32 *)p); } static __always_inline u64 get_unaligned_be64(const void *p) { return be64_to_cpup((__be64 *)p); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_le16(u16 val, void *p) { *((__le16 *)p) = cpu_to_le16(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_le32(u32 val, void *p) { *((__le32 *)p) = cpu_to_le32(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_le64(u64 val, void *p) { *((__le64 *)p) = cpu_to_le64(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_be16(u16 val, void *p) { *((__be16 *)p) = cpu_to_be16(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_be32(u32 val, void *p) { *((__be32 *)p) = cpu_to_be32(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_be64(u64 val, void *p) { *((__be64 *)p) = cpu_to_be64(val); } #endif /* _LINUX_UNALIGNED_ACCESS_OK_H */
2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set sysctls; #endif struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */ struct sock *genl_sock; struct uevent_sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */ struct hlist_head *dev_name_head; struct hlist_head *dev_index_head; struct raw_notifier_head netdev_chain; /* Note that @hash_mix can be read millions times per second, * it is critical that it is on a read_mostly cache line. */ u32 hash_mix; struct net_device *loopback_dev; /* The loopback */ /* core fib_rules */ struct list_head rules_ops; struct netns_core core; struct netns_mib mib; struct netns_packet packet; struct netns_unix unx; struct netns_nexthop nexthop; struct netns_ipv4 ipv4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct netns_ipv6 ipv6; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan ieee802154_lowpan; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP_MODULE) struct netns_sctp sctp; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP_MODULE) struct netns_dccp dccp; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER struct netns_nf nf; struct netns_xt xt; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) struct netns_ct ct; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES_MODULE) struct netns_nftables nft; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_DEFRAG_IPV6) struct netns_nf_frag nf_frag; struct ctl_table_header *nf_frag_frags_hdr; #endif struct sock *nfnl; struct sock *nfnl_stash; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK_ACCT) struct list_head nfnl_acct_list; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CT_NETLINK_TIMEOUT) struct list_head nfct_timeout_list; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WEXT_CORE struct sk_buff_head wext_nlevents; #endif struct net_generic __rcu *gen; /* Used to store attached BPF programs */ struct netns_bpf bpf; /* Note : following structs are cache line aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct netns_xfrm xfrm; #endif atomic64_t net_cookie; /* written once */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) struct netns_ipvs *ipvs; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS) struct netns_mpls mpls; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CAN) struct netns_can can; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS struct netns_xdp xdp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER) struct sock *crypto_nlsk; #endif struct sock *diag_nlsk; } __randomize_layout; #include <linux/seq_file_net.h> /* Init's network namespace */ extern struct net init_net; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net); void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void net_ns_barrier(void); struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns); #else /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> static inline struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWNET) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_net; } static inline void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } static inline void net_ns_barrier(void) {} static inline struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ extern struct list_head net_namespace_list; struct net *get_net_ns_by_pid(pid_t pid); struct net *get_net_ns_by_fd(int fd); u64 __net_gen_cookie(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void ipx_register_sysctl(void); void ipx_unregister_sysctl(void); #else #define ipx_register_sysctl() #define ipx_unregister_sysctl() #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS void __put_net(struct net *net); static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { refcount_inc(&net->count); return net; } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { /* Used when we know struct net exists but we * aren't guaranteed a previous reference count * exists. If the reference count is zero this * function fails and returns NULL. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&net->count)) net = NULL; return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&net->count)) __put_net(net); } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return net1 == net2; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return refcount_read(&net->count) != 0; } void net_drop_ns(void *); #else static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return 1; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return 1; } #define net_drop_ns NULL #endif typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif } possible_net_t; static inline void write_pnet(possible_net_t *pnet, struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS pnet->net = net; #endif } static inline struct net *read_pnet(const possible_net_t *pnet) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return pnet->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* Protected by net_rwsem */ #define for_each_net(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_continue_reverse(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_rcu(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS #define __net_init #define __net_exit #define __net_initdata #define __net_initconst #else #define __net_init __init #define __net_exit __ref #define __net_initdata __initdata #define __net_initconst __initconst #endif int peernet2id_alloc(struct net *net, struct net *peer, gfp_t gfp); int peernet2id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); bool peernet_has_id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); struct net *get_net_ns_by_id(const struct net *net, int id); struct pernet_operations { struct list_head list; /* * Below methods are called without any exclusive locks. * More than one net may be constructed and destructed * in parallel on several cpus. Every pernet_operations * have to keep in mind all other pernet_operations and * to introduce a locking, if they share common resources. * * The only time they are called with exclusive lock is * from register_pernet_subsys(), unregister_pernet_subsys() * register_pernet_device() and unregister_pernet_device(). * * Exit methods using blocking RCU primitives, such as * synchronize_rcu(), should be implemented via exit_batch. * Then, destruction of a group of net requires single * synchronize_rcu() related to these pernet_operations, * instead of separate synchronize_rcu() for every net. * Please, avoid synchronize_rcu() at all, where it's possible. * * Note that a combination of pre_exit() and exit() can * be used, since a synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed between * the calls. */ int (*init)(struct net *net); void (*pre_exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit_batch)(struct list_head *net_exit_list); unsigned int *id; size_t size; }; /* * Use these carefully. If you implement a network device and it * needs per network namespace operations use device pernet operations, * otherwise use pernet subsys operations. * * Network interfaces need to be removed from a dying netns _before_ * subsys notifiers can be called, as most of the network code cleanup * (which is done from subsys notifiers) runs with the assumption that * dev_remove_pack has been called so no new packets will arrive during * and after the cleanup functions have been called. dev_remove_pack * is not per namespace so instead the guarantee of no more packets * arriving in a network namespace is provided by ensuring that all * network devices and all sockets have left the network namespace * before the cleanup methods are called. * * For the longest time the ipv4 icmp code was registered as a pernet * device which caused kernel oops, and panics during network * namespace cleanup. So please don't get this wrong. */ int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int net_sysctl_init(void); struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header); #else static inline int net_sysctl_init(void) { return 0; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header) { } #endif static inline int rt_genid_ipv4(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int rt_genid_ipv6(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv6.fib6_sernum); } #endif static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv4(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } extern void (*__fib6_flush_trees)(struct net *net); static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv6(struct net *net) { if (__fib6_flush_trees) __fib6_flush_trees(net); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) static inline struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan * net_ieee802154_lowpan(struct net *net) { return &net->ieee802154_lowpan; } #endif /* For callers who don't really care about whether it's IPv4 or IPv6 */ static inline void rt_genid_bump_all(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); rt_genid_bump_ipv6(net); } static inline int fnhe_genid(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->fnhe_genid); } static inline void fnhe_genid_bump(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->fnhe_genid); } #endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/sysfs/symlink.c - sysfs symlink implementation * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> * * Please see Documentation/filesystems/sysfs.rst for more information. */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include "sysfs.h" static int sysfs_do_create_link_sd(struct kernfs_node *parent, struct kobject *target_kobj, const char *name, int warn) { struct kernfs_node *kn, *target = NULL; if (WARN_ON(!name || !parent)) return -EINVAL; /* * We don't own @target_kobj and it may be removed at any time. * Synchronize using sysfs_symlink_target_lock. See * sysfs_remove_dir() for details. */ spin_lock(&sysfs_symlink_target_lock); if (target_kobj->sd) { target = target_kobj->sd; kernfs_get(target); } spin_unlock(&sysfs_symlink_target_lock); if (!target) return -ENOENT; kn = kernfs_create_link(parent, name, target); kernfs_put(target); if (!IS_ERR(kn)) return 0; if (warn && PTR_ERR(kn) == -EEXIST) sysfs_warn_dup(parent, name); return PTR_ERR(kn); } /** * sysfs_create_link_sd - create symlink to a given object. * @kn: directory we're creating the link in. * @target: object we're pointing to. * @name: name of the symlink. */ int sysfs_create_link_sd(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kobject *target, const char *name) { return sysfs_do_create_link_sd(kn, target, name, 1); } static int sysfs_do_create_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name, int warn) { struct kernfs_node *parent = NULL; if (!kobj) parent = sysfs_root_kn; else parent = kobj->sd; if (!parent) return -EFAULT; return sysfs_do_create_link_sd(parent, target, name, warn); } /** * sysfs_create_link - create symlink between two objects. * @kobj: object whose directory we're creating the link in. * @target: object we're pointing to. * @name: name of the symlink. */ int sysfs_create_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name) { return sysfs_do_create_link(kobj, target, name, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysfs_create_link); /** * sysfs_create_link_nowarn - create symlink between two objects. * @kobj: object whose directory we're creating the link in. * @target: object we're pointing to. * @name: name of the symlink. * * This function does the same as sysfs_create_link(), but it * doesn't warn if the link already exists. */ int sysfs_create_link_nowarn(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name) { return sysfs_do_create_link(kobj, target, name, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysfs_create_link_nowarn); /** * sysfs_delete_link - remove symlink in object's directory. * @kobj: object we're acting for. * @targ: object we're pointing to. * @name: name of the symlink to remove. * * Unlike sysfs_remove_link sysfs_delete_link has enough information * to successfully delete symlinks in tagged directories. */ void sysfs_delete_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *targ, const char *name) { const void *ns = NULL; /* * We don't own @target and it may be removed at any time. * Synchronize using sysfs_symlink_target_lock. See * sysfs_remove_dir() for details. */ spin_lock(&sysfs_symlink_target_lock); if (targ->sd && kernfs_ns_enabled(kobj->sd)) ns = targ->sd->ns; spin_unlock(&sysfs_symlink_target_lock); kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(kobj->sd, name, ns); } /** * sysfs_remove_link - remove symlink in object's directory. * @kobj: object we're acting for. * @name: name of the symlink to remove. */ void sysfs_remove_link(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name) { struct kernfs_node *parent = NULL; if (!kobj) parent = sysfs_root_kn; else parent = kobj->sd; kernfs_remove_by_name(parent, name); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysfs_remove_link); /** * sysfs_rename_link_ns - rename symlink in object's directory. * @kobj: object we're acting for. * @targ: object we're pointing to. * @old: previous name of the symlink. * @new: new name of the symlink. * @new_ns: new namespace of the symlink. * * A helper function for the common rename symlink idiom. */ int sysfs_rename_link_ns(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *targ, const char *old, const char *new, const void *new_ns) { struct kernfs_node *parent, *kn = NULL; const void *old_ns = NULL; int result; if (!kobj) parent = sysfs_root_kn; else parent = kobj->sd; if (targ->sd) old_ns = targ->sd->ns; result = -ENOENT; kn = kernfs_find_and_get_ns(parent, old, old_ns); if (!kn) goto out; result = -EINVAL; if (kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_LINK) goto out; if (kn->symlink.target_kn->priv != targ) goto out; result = kernfs_rename_ns(kn, parent, new, new_ns); out: kernfs_put(kn); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysfs_rename_link_ns);
5 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_JUMP_LABEL_H #define _ASM_X86_JUMP_LABEL_H #define HAVE_JUMP_LABEL_BATCH #define JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 # define STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP P6_NOP5_ATOMIC #else # define STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP GENERIC_NOP5_ATOMIC #endif #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/nops.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/types.h> static __always_inline bool arch_static_branch(struct static_key *key, bool branch) { asm_volatile_goto("1:" ".byte " __stringify(STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP) "\n\t" ".pushsection __jump_table, \"aw\" \n\t" _ASM_ALIGN "\n\t" ".long 1b - ., %l[l_yes] - . \n\t" _ASM_PTR "%c0 + %c1 - .\n\t" ".popsection \n\t" : : "i" (key), "i" (branch) : : l_yes); return false; l_yes: return true; } static __always_inline bool arch_static_branch_jump(struct static_key *key, bool branch) { asm_volatile_goto("1:" ".byte 0xe9\n\t .long %l[l_yes] - 2f\n\t" "2:\n\t" ".pushsection __jump_table, \"aw\" \n\t" _ASM_ALIGN "\n\t" ".long 1b - ., %l[l_yes] - . \n\t" _ASM_PTR "%c0 + %c1 - .\n\t" ".popsection \n\t" : : "i" (key), "i" (branch) : : l_yes); return false; l_yes: return true; } #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ .macro STATIC_JUMP_IF_TRUE target, key, def .Lstatic_jump_\@: .if \def /* Equivalent to "jmp.d32 \target" */ .byte 0xe9 .long \target - .Lstatic_jump_after_\@ .Lstatic_jump_after_\@: .else .byte STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP .endif .pushsection __jump_table, "aw" _ASM_ALIGN .long .Lstatic_jump_\@ - ., \target - . _ASM_PTR \key - . .popsection .endm .macro STATIC_JUMP_IF_FALSE target, key, def .Lstatic_jump_\@: .if \def .byte STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP .else /* Equivalent to "jmp.d32 \target" */ .byte 0xe9 .long \target - .Lstatic_jump_after_\@ .Lstatic_jump_after_\@: .endif .pushsection __jump_table, "aw" _ASM_ALIGN .long .Lstatic_jump_\@ - ., \target - . _ASM_PTR \key + 1 - . .popsection .endm #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #define _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sched.h> typedef void (*task_work_func_t)(struct callback_head *); static inline void init_task_work(struct callback_head *twork, task_work_func_t func) { twork->func = func; } enum task_work_notify_mode { TWA_NONE, TWA_RESUME, TWA_SIGNAL, }; int task_work_add(struct task_struct *task, struct callback_head *twork, enum task_work_notify_mode mode); struct callback_head *task_work_cancel(struct task_struct *, task_work_func_t); void task_work_run(void); static inline void exit_task_work(struct task_struct *task) { task_work_run(); } #endif /* _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_COOKIE_H #define __LINUX_COOKIE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/local.h> struct pcpu_gen_cookie { local_t nesting; u64 last; } __aligned(16); struct gen_cookie { struct pcpu_gen_cookie __percpu *local; atomic64_t forward_last ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; atomic64_t reverse_last; }; #define COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH 4096 #define DEFINE_COOKIE(name) \ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pcpu_gen_cookie, __##name); \ static struct gen_cookie name = { \ .local = &__##name, \ .forward_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .reverse_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ } static __always_inline u64 gen_cookie_next(struct gen_cookie *gc) { struct pcpu_gen_cookie *local = this_cpu_ptr(gc->local); u64 val; if (likely(local_inc_return(&local->nesting) == 1)) { val = local->last; if (__is_defined(CONFIG_SMP) && unlikely((val & (COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH - 1)) == 0)) { s64 next = atomic64_add_return(COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH, &gc->forward_last); val = next - COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH; } local->last = ++val; } else { val = atomic64_dec_return(&gc->reverse_last); } local_dec(&local->nesting); return val; } #endif /* __LINUX_COOKIE_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/exec.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * #!-checking implemented by tytso. */ /* * Demand-loading implemented 01.12.91 - no need to read anything but * the header into memory. The inode of the executable is put into * "current->executable", and page faults do the actual loading. Clean. * * Once more I can proudly say that linux stood up to being changed: it * was less than 2 hours work to get demand-loading completely implemented. * * Demand loading changed July 1993 by Eric Youngdale. Use mmap instead, * current->executable is only used by the procfs. This allows a dispatch * table to check for several different types of binary formats. We keep * trying until we recognize the file or we run out of supported binary * formats. */ #include <linux/kernel_read_file.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/utsname.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h> #include <linux/cn_proc.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/tracehook.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/io_uring.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <trace/events/task.h> #include "internal.h" #include <trace/events/sched.h> static int bprm_creds_from_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm); int suid_dumpable = 0; static LIST_HEAD(formats); static DEFINE_RWLOCK(binfmt_lock); void __register_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt * fmt, int insert) { BUG_ON(!fmt); if (WARN_ON(!fmt->load_binary)) return; write_lock(&binfmt_lock); insert ? list_add(&fmt->lh, &formats) : list_add_tail(&fmt->lh, &formats); write_unlock(&binfmt_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__register_binfmt); void unregister_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt * fmt) { write_lock(&binfmt_lock); list_del(&fmt->lh); write_unlock(&binfmt_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_binfmt); static inline void put_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt * fmt) { module_put(fmt->module); } bool path_noexec(const struct path *path) { return (path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC) || (path->mnt->mnt_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_NOEXEC); } #ifdef CONFIG_USELIB /* * Note that a shared library must be both readable and executable due to * security reasons. * * Also note that we take the address to load from from the file itself. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(uselib, const char __user *, library) { struct linux_binfmt *fmt; struct file *file; struct filename *tmp = getname(library); int error = PTR_ERR(tmp); static const struct open_flags uselib_flags = { .open_flag = O_LARGEFILE | O_RDONLY | __FMODE_EXEC, .acc_mode = MAY_READ | MAY_EXEC, .intent = LOOKUP_OPEN, .lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW, }; if (IS_ERR(tmp)) goto out; file = do_filp_open(AT_FDCWD, tmp, &uselib_flags); putname(tmp); error = PTR_ERR(file); if (IS_ERR(file)) goto out; /* * may_open() has already checked for this, so it should be * impossible to trip now. But we need to be extra cautious * and check again at the very end too. */ error = -EACCES; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode) || path_noexec(&file->f_path))) goto exit; fsnotify_open(file); error = -ENOEXEC; read_lock(&binfmt_lock); list_for_each_entry(fmt, &formats, lh) { if (!fmt->load_shlib) continue; if (!try_module_get(fmt->module)) continue; read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); error = fmt->load_shlib(file); read_lock(&binfmt_lock); put_binfmt(fmt); if (error != -ENOEXEC) break; } read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); exit: fput(file); out: return error; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_USELIB */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * The nascent bprm->mm is not visible until exec_mmap() but it can * use a lot of memory, account these pages in current->mm temporary * for oom_badness()->get_mm_rss(). Once exec succeeds or fails, we * change the counter back via acct_arg_size(0). */ static void acct_arg_size(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pages) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; long diff = (long)(pages - bprm->vma_pages); if (!mm || !diff) return; bprm->vma_pages = pages; add_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES, diff); } static struct page *get_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, int write) { struct page *page; int ret; unsigned int gup_flags = FOLL_FORCE; #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP if (write) { ret = expand_downwards(bprm->vma, pos); if (ret < 0) return NULL; } #endif if (write) gup_flags |= FOLL_WRITE; /* * We are doing an exec(). 'current' is the process * doing the exec and bprm->mm is the new process's mm. */ ret = get_user_pages_remote(bprm->mm, pos, 1, gup_flags, &page, NULL, NULL); if (ret <= 0) return NULL; if (write) acct_arg_size(bprm, vma_pages(bprm->vma)); return page; } static void put_arg_page(struct page *page) { put_page(page); } static void free_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { } static void flush_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, struct page *page) { flush_cache_page(bprm->vma, pos, page_to_pfn(page)); } static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int err; struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; struct mm_struct *mm = bprm->mm; bprm->vma = vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (!vma) return -ENOMEM; vma_set_anonymous(vma); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) { err = -EINTR; goto err_free; } /* * Place the stack at the largest stack address the architecture * supports. Later, we'll move this to an appropriate place. We don't * use STACK_TOP because that can depend on attributes which aren't * configured yet. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(VM_STACK_FLAGS & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP); vma->vm_end = STACK_TOP_MAX; vma->vm_start = vma->vm_end - PAGE_SIZE; vma->vm_flags = VM_SOFTDIRTY | VM_STACK_FLAGS | VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); err = insert_vm_struct(mm, vma); if (err) goto err; mm->stack_vm = mm->total_vm = 1; mmap_write_unlock(mm); bprm->p = vma->vm_end - sizeof(void *); return 0; err: mmap_write_unlock(mm); err_free: bprm->vma = NULL; vm_area_free(vma); return err; } static bool valid_arg_len(struct linux_binprm *bprm, long len) { return len <= MAX_ARG_STRLEN; } #else static inline void acct_arg_size(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pages) { } static struct page *get_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, int write) { struct page *page; page = bprm->page[pos / PAGE_SIZE]; if (!page && write) { page = alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER|__GFP_ZERO); if (!page) return NULL; bprm->page[pos / PAGE_SIZE] = page; } return page; } static void put_arg_page(struct page *page) { } static void free_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, int i) { if (bprm->page[i]) { __free_page(bprm->page[i]); bprm->page[i] = NULL; } } static void free_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < MAX_ARG_PAGES; i++) free_arg_page(bprm, i); } static void flush_arg_page(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long pos, struct page *page) { } static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { bprm->p = PAGE_SIZE * MAX_ARG_PAGES - sizeof(void *); return 0; } static bool valid_arg_len(struct linux_binprm *bprm, long len) { return len <= bprm->p; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ /* * Create a new mm_struct and populate it with a temporary stack * vm_area_struct. We don't have enough context at this point to set the stack * flags, permissions, and offset, so we use temporary values. We'll update * them later in setup_arg_pages(). */ static int bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int err; struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; bprm->mm = mm = mm_alloc(); err = -ENOMEM; if (!mm) goto err; /* Save current stack limit for all calculations made during exec. */ task_lock(current->group_leader); bprm->rlim_stack = current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_STACK]; task_unlock(current->group_leader); err = __bprm_mm_init(bprm); if (err) goto err; return 0; err: if (mm) { bprm->mm = NULL; mmdrop(mm); } return err; } struct user_arg_ptr { #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT bool is_compat; #endif union { const char __user *const __user *native; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT const compat_uptr_t __user *compat; #endif } ptr; }; static const char __user *get_user_arg_ptr(struct user_arg_ptr argv, int nr) { const char __user *native; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (unlikely(argv.is_compat)) { compat_uptr_t compat; if (get_user(compat, argv.ptr.compat + nr)) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); return compat_ptr(compat); } #endif if (get_user(native, argv.ptr.native + nr)) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); return native; } /* * count() counts the number of strings in array ARGV. */ static int count(struct user_arg_ptr argv, int max) { int i = 0; if (argv.ptr.native != NULL) { for (;;) { const char __user *p = get_user_arg_ptr(argv, i); if (!p) break; if (IS_ERR(p)) return -EFAULT; if (i >= max) return -E2BIG; ++i; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return -ERESTARTNOHAND; cond_resched(); } } return i; } static int count_strings_kernel(const char *const *argv) { int i; if (!argv) return 0; for (i = 0; argv[i]; ++i) { if (i >= MAX_ARG_STRINGS) return -E2BIG; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return -ERESTARTNOHAND; cond_resched(); } return i; } static int bprm_stack_limits(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { unsigned long limit, ptr_size; /* * Limit to 1/4 of the max stack size or 3/4 of _STK_LIM * (whichever is smaller) for the argv+env strings. * This ensures that: * - the remaining binfmt code will not run out of stack space, * - the program will have a reasonable amount of stack left * to work from. */ limit = _STK_LIM / 4 * 3; limit = min(limit, bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur / 4); /* * We've historically supported up to 32 pages (ARG_MAX) * of argument strings even with small stacks */ limit = max_t(unsigned long, limit, ARG_MAX); /* * We must account for the size of all the argv and envp pointers to * the argv and envp strings, since they will also take up space in * the stack. They aren't stored until much later when we can't * signal to the parent that the child has run out of stack space. * Instead, calculate it here so it's possible to fail gracefully. */ ptr_size = (bprm->argc + bprm->envc) * sizeof(void *); if (limit <= ptr_size) return -E2BIG; limit -= ptr_size; bprm->argmin = bprm->p - limit; return 0; } /* * 'copy_strings()' copies argument/environment strings from the old * processes's memory to the new process's stack. The call to get_user_pages() * ensures the destination page is created and not swapped out. */ static int copy_strings(int argc, struct user_arg_ptr argv, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { struct page *kmapped_page = NULL; char *kaddr = NULL; unsigned long kpos = 0; int ret; while (argc-- > 0) { const char __user *str; int len; unsigned long pos; ret = -EFAULT; str = get_user_arg_ptr(argv, argc); if (IS_ERR(str)) goto out; len = strnlen_user(str, MAX_ARG_STRLEN); if (!len) goto out; ret = -E2BIG; if (!valid_arg_len(bprm, len)) goto out; /* We're going to work our way backwords. */ pos = bprm->p; str += len; bprm->p -= len; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU if (bprm->p < bprm->argmin) goto out; #endif while (len > 0) { int offset, bytes_to_copy; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { ret = -ERESTARTNOHAND; goto out; } cond_resched(); offset = pos % PAGE_SIZE; if (offset == 0) offset = PAGE_SIZE; bytes_to_copy = offset; if (bytes_to_copy > len) bytes_to_copy = len; offset -= bytes_to_copy; pos -= bytes_to_copy; str -= bytes_to_copy; len -= bytes_to_copy; if (!kmapped_page || kpos != (pos & PAGE_MASK)) { struct page *page; page = get_arg_page(bprm, pos, 1); if (!page) { ret = -E2BIG; goto out; } if (kmapped_page) { flush_kernel_dcache_page(kmapped_page); kunmap(kmapped_page); put_arg_page(kmapped_page); } kmapped_page = page; kaddr = kmap(kmapped_page); kpos = pos & PAGE_MASK; flush_arg_page(bprm, kpos, kmapped_page); } if (copy_from_user(kaddr+offset, str, bytes_to_copy)) { ret = -EFAULT; goto out; } } } ret = 0; out: if (kmapped_page) { flush_kernel_dcache_page(kmapped_page); kunmap(kmapped_page); put_arg_page(kmapped_page); } return ret; } /* * Copy and argument/environment string from the kernel to the processes stack. */ int copy_string_kernel(const char *arg, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int len = strnlen(arg, MAX_ARG_STRLEN) + 1 /* terminating NUL */; unsigned long pos = bprm->p; if (len == 0) return -EFAULT; if (!valid_arg_len(bprm, len)) return -E2BIG; /* We're going to work our way backwards. */ arg += len; bprm->p -= len; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU) && bprm->p < bprm->argmin) return -E2BIG; while (len > 0) { unsigned int bytes_to_copy = min_t(unsigned int, len, min_not_zero(offset_in_page(pos), PAGE_SIZE)); struct page *page; char *kaddr; pos -= bytes_to_copy; arg -= bytes_to_copy; len -= bytes_to_copy; page = get_arg_page(bprm, pos, 1); if (!page) return -E2BIG; kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); flush_arg_page(bprm, pos & PAGE_MASK, page); memcpy(kaddr + offset_in_page(pos), arg, bytes_to_copy); flush_kernel_dcache_page(page); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); put_arg_page(page); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_string_kernel); static int copy_strings_kernel(int argc, const char *const *argv, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { while (argc-- > 0) { int ret = copy_string_kernel(argv[argc], bprm); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return -ERESTARTNOHAND; cond_resched(); } return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * During bprm_mm_init(), we create a temporary stack at STACK_TOP_MAX. Once * the binfmt code determines where the new stack should reside, we shift it to * its final location. The process proceeds as follows: * * 1) Use shift to calculate the new vma endpoints. * 2) Extend vma to cover both the old and new ranges. This ensures the * arguments passed to subsequent functions are consistent. * 3) Move vma's page tables to the new range. * 4) Free up any cleared pgd range. * 5) Shrink the vma to cover only the new range. */ static int shift_arg_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long shift) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long old_start = vma->vm_start; unsigned long old_end = vma->vm_end; unsigned long length = old_end - old_start; unsigned long new_start = old_start - shift; unsigned long new_end = old_end - shift; struct mmu_gather tlb; BUG_ON(new_start > new_end); /* * ensure there are no vmas between where we want to go * and where we are */ if (vma != find_vma(mm, new_start)) return -EFAULT; /* * cover the whole range: [new_start, old_end) */ if (vma_adjust(vma, new_start, old_end, vma->vm_pgoff, NULL)) return -ENOMEM; /* * move the page tables downwards, on failure we rely on * process cleanup to remove whatever mess we made. */ if (length != move_page_tables(vma, old_start, vma, new_start, length, false)) return -ENOMEM; lru_add_drain(); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, old_start, old_end); if (new_end > old_start) { /* * when the old and new regions overlap clear from new_end. */ free_pgd_range(&tlb, new_end, old_end, new_end, vma->vm_next ? vma->vm_next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); } else { /* * otherwise, clean from old_start; this is done to not touch * the address space in [new_end, old_start) some architectures * have constraints on va-space that make this illegal (IA64) - * for the others its just a little faster. */ free_pgd_range(&tlb, old_start, old_end, new_end, vma->vm_next ? vma->vm_next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); } tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, old_start, old_end); /* * Shrink the vma to just the new range. Always succeeds. */ vma_adjust(vma, new_start, new_end, vma->vm_pgoff, NULL); return 0; } /* * Finalizes the stack vm_area_struct. The flags and permissions are updated, * the stack is optionally relocated, and some extra space is added. */ int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long stack_top, int executable_stack) { unsigned long ret; unsigned long stack_shift; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma = bprm->vma; struct vm_area_struct *prev = NULL; unsigned long vm_flags; unsigned long stack_base; unsigned long stack_size; unsigned long stack_expand; unsigned long rlim_stack; #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP /* Limit stack size */ stack_base = bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_max; if (stack_base > STACK_SIZE_MAX) stack_base = STACK_SIZE_MAX; /* Add space for stack randomization. */ stack_base += (STACK_RND_MASK << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Make sure we didn't let the argument array grow too large. */ if (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start > stack_base) return -ENOMEM; stack_base = PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top - stack_base); stack_shift = vma->vm_start - stack_base; mm->arg_start = bprm->p - stack_shift; bprm->p = vma->vm_end - stack_shift; #else stack_top = arch_align_stack(stack_top); stack_top = PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top); if (unlikely(stack_top < mmap_min_addr) || unlikely(vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start >= stack_top - mmap_min_addr)) return -ENOMEM; stack_shift = vma->vm_end - stack_top; bprm->p -= stack_shift; mm->arg_start = bprm->p; #endif if (bprm->loader) bprm->loader -= stack_shift; bprm->exec -= stack_shift; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; vm_flags = VM_STACK_FLAGS; /* * Adjust stack execute permissions; explicitly enable for * EXSTACK_ENABLE_X, disable for EXSTACK_DISABLE_X and leave alone * (arch default) otherwise. */ if (unlikely(executable_stack == EXSTACK_ENABLE_X)) vm_flags |= VM_EXEC; else if (executable_stack == EXSTACK_DISABLE_X) vm_flags &= ~VM_EXEC; vm_flags |= mm->def_flags; vm_flags |= VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP; ret = mprotect_fixup(vma, &prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vm_flags); if (ret) goto out_unlock; BUG_ON(prev != vma); if (unlikely(vm_flags & VM_EXEC)) { pr_warn_once("process '%pD4' started with executable stack\n", bprm->file); } /* Move stack pages down in memory. */ if (stack_shift) { ret = shift_arg_pages(vma, stack_shift); if (ret) goto out_unlock; } /* mprotect_fixup is overkill to remove the temporary stack flags */ vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP; stack_expand = 131072UL; /* randomly 32*4k (or 2*64k) pages */ stack_size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; /* * Align this down to a page boundary as expand_stack * will align it up. */ rlim_stack = bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur & PAGE_MASK; #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP if (stack_size + stack_expand > rlim_stack) stack_base = vma->vm_start + rlim_stack; else stack_base = vma->vm_end + stack_expand; #else if (stack_size + stack_expand > rlim_stack) stack_base = vma->vm_end - rlim_stack; else stack_base = vma->vm_start - stack_expand; #endif current->mm->start_stack = bprm->p; ret = expand_stack(vma, stack_base); if (ret) ret = -EFAULT; out_unlock: mmap_write_unlock(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(setup_arg_pages); #else /* * Transfer the program arguments and environment from the holding pages * onto the stack. The provided stack pointer is adjusted accordingly. */ int transfer_args_to_stack(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long *sp_location) { unsigned long index, stop, sp; int ret = 0; stop = bprm->p >> PAGE_SHIFT; sp = *sp_location; for (index = MAX_ARG_PAGES - 1; index >= stop; index--) { unsigned int offset = index == stop ? bprm->p & ~PAGE_MASK : 0; char *src = kmap(bprm->page[index]) + offset; sp -= PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (copy_to_user((void *) sp, src, PAGE_SIZE - offset) != 0) ret = -EFAULT; kunmap(bprm->page[index]); if (ret) goto out; } *sp_location = sp; out: return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(transfer_args_to_stack); #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ static struct file *do_open_execat(int fd, struct filename *name, int flags) { struct file *file; int err; struct open_flags open_exec_flags = { .open_flag = O_LARGEFILE | O_RDONLY | __FMODE_EXEC, .acc_mode = MAY_EXEC, .intent = LOOKUP_OPEN, .lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW, }; if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) open_exec_flags.lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; file = do_filp_open(fd, name, &open_exec_flags); if (IS_ERR(file)) goto out; /* * may_open() has already checked for this, so it should be * impossible to trip now. But we need to be extra cautious * and check again at the very end too. */ err = -EACCES; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode) || path_noexec(&file->f_path))) goto exit; err = deny_write_access(file); if (err) goto exit; if (name->name[0] != '\0') fsnotify_open(file); out: return file; exit: fput(file); return ERR_PTR(err); } struct file *open_exec(const char *name) { struct filename *filename = getname_kernel(name); struct file *f = ERR_CAST(filename); if (!IS_ERR(filename)) { f = do_open_execat(AT_FDCWD, filename, 0); putname(filename); } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_exec); #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_AOUT) || defined(CONFIG_BINFMT_FLAT) || \ defined(CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF_FDPIC) ssize_t read_code(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, loff_t pos, size_t len) { ssize_t res = vfs_read(file, (void __user *)addr, len, &pos); if (res > 0) flush_icache_user_range(addr, addr + len); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_code); #endif /* * Maps the mm_struct mm into the current task struct. * On success, this function returns with exec_update_lock * held for writing. */ static int exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct task_struct *tsk; struct mm_struct *old_mm, *active_mm; int ret; /* Notify parent that we're no longer interested in the old VM */ tsk = current; old_mm = current->mm; exec_mm_release(tsk, old_mm); if (old_mm) sync_mm_rss(old_mm); ret = down_write_killable(&tsk->signal->exec_update_lock); if (ret) return ret; if (old_mm) { /* * Make sure that if there is a core dump in progress * for the old mm, we get out and die instead of going * through with the exec. We must hold mmap_lock around * checking core_state and changing tsk->mm. */ mmap_read_lock(old_mm); if (unlikely(old_mm->core_state)) { mmap_read_unlock(old_mm); up_write(&tsk->signal->exec_update_lock); return -EINTR; } } task_lock(tsk); membarrier_exec_mmap(mm); local_irq_disable(); active_mm = tsk->active_mm; tsk->active_mm = mm; tsk->mm = mm; /* * This prevents preemption while active_mm is being loaded and * it and mm are being updated, which could cause problems for * lazy tlb mm refcounting when these are updated by context * switches. Not all architectures can handle irqs off over * activate_mm yet. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IRQS_OFF_ACTIVATE_MM)) local_irq_enable(); activate_mm(active_mm, mm); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IRQS_OFF_ACTIVATE_MM)) local_irq_enable(); tsk->mm->vmacache_seqnum = 0; vmacache_flush(tsk); task_unlock(tsk); if (old_mm) { mmap_read_unlock(old_mm); BUG_ON(active_mm != old_mm); setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(&tsk->signal->maxrss, old_mm); mm_update_next_owner(old_mm); mmput(old_mm); return 0; } mmdrop(active_mm); return 0; } static int de_thread(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct signal_struct *sig = tsk->signal; struct sighand_struct *oldsighand = tsk->sighand; spinlock_t *lock = &oldsighand->siglock; if (thread_group_empty(tsk)) goto no_thread_group; /* * Kill all other threads in the thread group. */ spin_lock_irq(lock); if (signal_group_exit(sig)) { /* * Another group action in progress, just * return so that the signal is processed. */ spin_unlock_irq(lock); return -EAGAIN; } sig->group_exit_task = tsk; sig->notify_count = zap_other_threads(tsk); if (!thread_group_leader(tsk)) sig->notify_count--; while (sig->notify_count) { __set_current_state(TASK_KILLABLE); spin_unlock_irq(lock); schedule(); if (__fatal_signal_pending(tsk)) goto killed; spin_lock_irq(lock); } spin_unlock_irq(lock); /* * At this point all other threads have exited, all we have to * do is to wait for the thread group leader to become inactive, * and to assume its PID: */ if (!thread_group_leader(tsk)) { struct task_struct *leader = tsk->group_leader; for (;;) { cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(tsk); write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); /* * Do this under tasklist_lock to ensure that * exit_notify() can't miss ->group_exit_task */ sig->notify_count = -1; if (likely(leader->exit_state)) break; __set_current_state(TASK_KILLABLE); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(tsk); schedule(); if (__fatal_signal_pending(tsk)) goto killed; } /* * The only record we have of the real-time age of a * process, regardless of execs it's done, is start_time. * All the past CPU time is accumulated in signal_struct * from sister threads now dead. But in this non-leader * exec, nothing survives from the original leader thread, * whose birth marks the true age of this process now. * When we take on its identity by switching to its PID, we * also take its birthdate (always earlier than our own). */ tsk->start_time = leader->start_time; tsk->start_boottime = leader->start_boottime; BUG_ON(!same_thread_group(leader, tsk)); /* * An exec() starts a new thread group with the * TGID of the previous thread group. Rehash the * two threads with a switched PID, and release * the former thread group leader: */ /* Become a process group leader with the old leader's pid. * The old leader becomes a thread of the this thread group. */ exchange_tids(tsk, leader); transfer_pid(leader, tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID); transfer_pid(leader, tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID); transfer_pid(leader, tsk, PIDTYPE_SID); list_replace_rcu(&leader->tasks, &tsk->tasks); list_replace_init(&leader->sibling, &tsk->sibling); tsk->group_leader = tsk; leader->group_leader = tsk; tsk->exit_signal = SIGCHLD; leader->exit_signal = -1; BUG_ON(leader->exit_state != EXIT_ZOMBIE); leader->exit_state = EXIT_DEAD; /* * We are going to release_task()->ptrace_unlink() silently, * the tracer can sleep in do_wait(). EXIT_DEAD guarantees * the tracer wont't block again waiting for this thread. */ if (unlikely(leader->ptrace)) __wake_up_parent(leader, leader->parent); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(tsk); release_task(leader); } sig->group_exit_task = NULL; sig->notify_count = 0; no_thread_group: /* we have changed execution domain */ tsk->exit_signal = SIGCHLD; BUG_ON(!thread_group_leader(tsk)); return 0; killed: /* protects against exit_notify() and __exit_signal() */ read_lock(&tasklist_lock); sig->group_exit_task = NULL; sig->notify_count = 0; read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); return -EAGAIN; } /* * This function makes sure the current process has its own signal table, * so that flush_signal_handlers can later reset the handlers without * disturbing other processes. (Other processes might share the signal * table via the CLONE_SIGHAND option to clone().) */ static int unshare_sighand(struct task_struct *me) { struct sighand_struct *oldsighand = me->sighand; if (refcount_read(&oldsighand->count) != 1) { struct sighand_struct *newsighand; /* * This ->sighand is shared with the CLONE_SIGHAND * but not CLONE_THREAD task, switch to the new one. */ newsighand = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!newsighand) return -ENOMEM; refcount_set(&newsighand->count, 1); memcpy(newsighand->action, oldsighand->action, sizeof(newsighand->action)); write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); spin_lock(&oldsighand->siglock); rcu_assign_pointer(me->sighand, newsighand); spin_unlock(&oldsighand->siglock); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); __cleanup_sighand(oldsighand); } return 0; } char *__get_task_comm(char *buf, size_t buf_size, struct task_struct *tsk) { task_lock(tsk); strncpy(buf, tsk->comm, buf_size); task_unlock(tsk); return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__get_task_comm); /* * These functions flushes out all traces of the currently running executable * so that a new one can be started */ void __set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *buf, bool exec) { task_lock(tsk); trace_task_rename(tsk, buf); strlcpy(tsk->comm, buf, sizeof(tsk->comm)); task_unlock(tsk); perf_event_comm(tsk, exec); } /* * Calling this is the point of no return. None of the failures will be * seen by userspace since either the process is already taking a fatal * signal (via de_thread() or coredump), or will have SEGV raised * (after exec_mmap()) by search_binary_handler (see below). */ int begin_new_exec(struct linux_binprm * bprm) { struct task_struct *me = current; int retval; /* Once we are committed compute the creds */ retval = bprm_creds_from_file(bprm); if (retval) return retval; /* * Ensure all future errors are fatal. */ bprm->point_of_no_return = true; /* * Make this the only thread in the thread group. */ retval = de_thread(me); if (retval) goto out; /* * Must be called _before_ exec_mmap() as bprm->mm is * not visibile until then. This also enables the update * to be lockless. */ set_mm_exe_file(bprm->mm, bprm->file); /* If the binary is not readable then enforce mm->dumpable=0 */ would_dump(bprm, bprm->file); if (bprm->have_execfd) would_dump(bprm, bprm->executable); /* * Release all of the old mmap stuff */ acct_arg_size(bprm, 0); retval = exec_mmap(bprm->mm); if (retval) goto out; bprm->mm = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS exit_itimers(me->signal); flush_itimer_signals(); #endif /* * Make the signal table private. */ retval = unshare_sighand(me); if (retval) goto out_unlock; /* * Ensure that the uaccess routines can actually operate on userspace * pointers: */ force_uaccess_begin(); me->flags &= ~(PF_RANDOMIZE | PF_FORKNOEXEC | PF_KTHREAD | PF_NOFREEZE | PF_NO_SETAFFINITY); flush_thread(); me->personality &= ~bprm->per_clear; /* * We have to apply CLOEXEC before we change whether the process is * dumpable (in setup_new_exec) to avoid a race with a process in userspace * trying to access the should-be-closed file descriptors of a process * undergoing exec(2). */ do_close_on_exec(me->files); if (bprm->secureexec) { /* Make sure parent cannot signal privileged process. */ me->pdeath_signal = 0; /* * For secureexec, reset the stack limit to sane default to * avoid bad behavior from the prior rlimits. This has to * happen before arch_pick_mmap_layout(), which examines * RLIMIT_STACK, but after the point of no return to avoid * needing to clean up the change on failure. */ if (bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur > _STK_LIM) bprm->rlim_stack.rlim_cur = _STK_LIM; } me->sas_ss_sp = me->sas_ss_size = 0; /* * Figure out dumpability. Note that this checking only of current * is wrong, but userspace depends on it. This should be testing * bprm->secureexec instead. */ if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_ENFORCE_NONDUMP || !(uid_eq(current_euid(), current_uid()) && gid_eq(current_egid(), current_gid()))) set_dumpable(current->mm, suid_dumpable); else set_dumpable(current->mm, SUID_DUMP_USER); perf_event_exec(); __set_task_comm(me, kbasename(bprm->filename), true); /* An exec changes our domain. We are no longer part of the thread group */ WRITE_ONCE(me->self_exec_id, me->self_exec_id + 1); flush_signal_handlers(me, 0); /* * install the new credentials for this executable */ security_bprm_committing_creds(bprm); commit_creds(bprm->cred); bprm->cred = NULL; /* * Disable monitoring for regular users * when executing setuid binaries. Must * wait until new credentials are committed * by commit_creds() above */ if (get_dumpable(me->mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) perf_event_exit_task(me); /* * cred_guard_mutex must be held at least to this point to prevent * ptrace_attach() from altering our determination of the task's * credentials; any time after this it may be unlocked. */ security_bprm_committed_creds(bprm); /* Pass the opened binary to the interpreter. */ if (bprm->have_execfd) { retval = get_unused_fd_flags(0); if (retval < 0) goto out_unlock; fd_install(retval, bprm->executable); bprm->executable = NULL; bprm->execfd = retval; } return 0; out_unlock: up_write(&me->signal->exec_update_lock); out: return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(begin_new_exec); void would_dump(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); if (inode_permission(inode, MAY_READ) < 0) { struct user_namespace *old, *user_ns; bprm->interp_flags |= BINPRM_FLAGS_ENFORCE_NONDUMP; /* Ensure mm->user_ns contains the executable */ user_ns = old = bprm->mm->user_ns; while ((user_ns != &init_user_ns) && !privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid(user_ns, inode)) user_ns = user_ns->parent; if (old != user_ns) { bprm->mm->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); put_user_ns(old); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(would_dump); void setup_new_exec(struct linux_binprm * bprm) { /* Setup things that can depend upon the personality */ struct task_struct *me = current; arch_pick_mmap_layout(me->mm, &bprm->rlim_stack); arch_setup_new_exec(); /* Set the new mm task size. We have to do that late because it may * depend on TIF_32BIT which is only updated in flush_thread() on * some architectures like powerpc */ me->mm->task_size = TASK_SIZE; up_write(&me->signal->exec_update_lock); mutex_unlock(&me->signal->cred_guard_mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(setup_new_exec); /* Runs immediately before start_thread() takes over. */ void finalize_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { /* Store any stack rlimit changes before starting thread. */ task_lock(current->group_leader); current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_STACK] = bprm->rlim_stack; task_unlock(current->group_leader); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finalize_exec); /* * Prepare credentials and lock ->cred_guard_mutex. * setup_new_exec() commits the new creds and drops the lock. * Or, if exec fails before, free_bprm() should release ->cred and * and unlock. */ static int prepare_bprm_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex)) return -ERESTARTNOINTR; bprm->cred = prepare_exec_creds(); if (likely(bprm->cred)) return 0; mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex); return -ENOMEM; } static void free_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { if (bprm->mm) { acct_arg_size(bprm, 0); mmput(bprm->mm); } free_arg_pages(bprm); if (bprm->cred) { mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex); abort_creds(bprm->cred); } if (bprm->file) { allow_write_access(bprm->file); fput(bprm->file); } if (bprm->executable) fput(bprm->executable); /* If a binfmt changed the interp, free it. */ if (bprm->interp != bprm->filename) kfree(bprm->interp); kfree(bprm->fdpath); kfree(bprm); } static struct linux_binprm *alloc_bprm(int fd, struct filename *filename) { struct linux_binprm *bprm = kzalloc(sizeof(*bprm), GFP_KERNEL); int retval = -ENOMEM; if (!bprm) goto out; if (fd == AT_FDCWD || filename->name[0] == '/') { bprm->filename = filename->name; } else { if (filename->name[0] == '\0') bprm->fdpath = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "/dev/fd/%d", fd); else bprm->fdpath = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "/dev/fd/%d/%s", fd, filename->name); if (!bprm->fdpath) goto out_free; bprm->filename = bprm->fdpath; } bprm->interp = bprm->filename; retval = bprm_mm_init(bprm); if (retval) goto out_free; return bprm; out_free: free_bprm(bprm); out: return ERR_PTR(retval); } int bprm_change_interp(const char *interp, struct linux_binprm *bprm) { /* If a binfmt changed the interp, free it first. */ if (bprm->interp != bprm->filename) kfree(bprm->interp); bprm->interp = kstrdup(interp, GFP_KERNEL); if (!bprm->interp) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bprm_change_interp); /* * determine how safe it is to execute the proposed program * - the caller must hold ->cred_guard_mutex to protect against * PTRACE_ATTACH or seccomp thread-sync */ static void check_unsafe_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { struct task_struct *p = current, *t; unsigned n_fs; if (p->ptrace) bprm->unsafe |= LSM_UNSAFE_PTRACE; /* * This isn't strictly necessary, but it makes it harder for LSMs to * mess up. */ if (task_no_new_privs(current)) bprm->unsafe |= LSM_UNSAFE_NO_NEW_PRIVS; t = p; n_fs = 1; spin_lock(&p->fs->lock); rcu_read_lock(); while_each_thread(p, t) { if (t->fs == p->fs) n_fs++; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (p->fs->users > n_fs) bprm->unsafe |= LSM_UNSAFE_SHARE; else p->fs->in_exec = 1; spin_unlock(&p->fs->lock); } static void bprm_fill_uid(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file) { /* Handle suid and sgid on files */ struct inode *inode; unsigned int mode; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; if (!mnt_may_suid(file->f_path.mnt)) return; if (task_no_new_privs(current)) return; inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode; mode = READ_ONCE(inode->i_mode); if (!(mode & (S_ISUID|S_ISGID))) return; /* Be careful if suid/sgid is set */ inode_lock(inode); /* reload atomically mode/uid/gid now that lock held */ mode = inode->i_mode; uid = inode->i_uid; gid = inode->i_gid; inode_unlock(inode); /* We ignore suid/sgid if there are no mappings for them in the ns */ if (!kuid_has_mapping(bprm->cred->user_ns, uid) || !kgid_has_mapping(bprm->cred->user_ns, gid)) return; if (mode & S_ISUID) { bprm->per_clear |= PER_CLEAR_ON_SETID; bprm->cred->euid = uid; } if ((mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) { bprm->per_clear |= PER_CLEAR_ON_SETID; bprm->cred->egid = gid; } } /* * Compute brpm->cred based upon the final binary. */ static int bprm_creds_from_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { /* Compute creds based on which file? */ struct file *file = bprm->execfd_creds ? bprm->executable : bprm->file; bprm_fill_uid(bprm, file); return security_bprm_creds_from_file(bprm, file); } /* * Fill the binprm structure from the inode. * Read the first BINPRM_BUF_SIZE bytes * * This may be called multiple times for binary chains (scripts for example). */ static int prepare_binprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { loff_t pos = 0; memset(bprm->buf, 0, BINPRM_BUF_SIZE); return kernel_read(bprm->file, bprm->buf, BINPRM_BUF_SIZE, &pos); } /* * Arguments are '\0' separated strings found at the location bprm->p * points to; chop off the first by relocating brpm->p to right after * the first '\0' encountered. */ int remove_arg_zero(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { int ret = 0; unsigned long offset; char *kaddr; struct page *page; if (!bprm->argc) return 0; do { offset = bprm->p & ~PAGE_MASK; page = get_arg_page(bprm, bprm->p, 0); if (!page) { ret = -EFAULT; goto out; } kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); for (; offset < PAGE_SIZE && kaddr[offset]; offset++, bprm->p++) ; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); put_arg_page(page); } while (offset == PAGE_SIZE); bprm->p++; bprm->argc--; ret = 0; out: return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remove_arg_zero); #define printable(c) (((c)=='\t') || ((c)=='\n') || (0x20<=(c) && (c)<=0x7e)) /* * cycle the list of binary formats handler, until one recognizes the image */ static int search_binary_handler(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { bool need_retry = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MODULES); struct linux_binfmt *fmt; int retval; retval = prepare_binprm(bprm); if (retval < 0) return retval; retval = security_bprm_check(bprm); if (retval) return retval; retval = -ENOENT; retry: read_lock(&binfmt_lock); list_for_each_entry(fmt, &formats, lh) { if (!try_module_get(fmt->module)) continue; read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); retval = fmt->load_binary(bprm); read_lock(&binfmt_lock); put_binfmt(fmt); if (bprm->point_of_no_return || (retval != -ENOEXEC)) { read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); return retval; } } read_unlock(&binfmt_lock); if (need_retry) { if (printable(bprm->buf[0]) && printable(bprm->buf[1]) && printable(bprm->buf[2]) && printable(bprm->buf[3])) return retval; if (request_module("binfmt-%04x", *(ushort *)(bprm->buf + 2)) < 0) return retval; need_retry = false; goto retry; } return retval; } static int exec_binprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { pid_t old_pid, old_vpid; int ret, depth; /* Need to fetch pid before load_binary changes it */ old_pid = current->pid; rcu_read_lock(); old_vpid = task_pid_nr_ns(current, task_active_pid_ns(current->parent)); rcu_read_unlock(); /* This allows 4 levels of binfmt rewrites before failing hard. */ for (depth = 0;; depth++) { struct file *exec; if (depth > 5) return -ELOOP; ret = search_binary_handler(bprm); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (!bprm->interpreter) break; exec = bprm->file; bprm->file = bprm->interpreter; bprm->interpreter = NULL; allow_write_access(exec); if (unlikely(bprm->have_execfd)) { if (bprm->executable) { fput(exec); return -ENOEXEC; } bprm->executable = exec; } else fput(exec); } audit_bprm(bprm); trace_sched_process_exec(current, old_pid, bprm); ptrace_event(PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC, old_vpid); proc_exec_connector(current); return 0; } /* * sys_execve() executes a new program. */ static int bprm_execve(struct linux_binprm *bprm, int fd, struct filename *filename, int flags) { struct file *file; struct files_struct *displaced; int retval; /* * Cancel any io_uring activity across execve */ io_uring_task_cancel(); retval = unshare_files(&displaced); if (retval) return retval; retval = prepare_bprm_creds(bprm); if (retval) goto out_files; check_unsafe_exec(bprm); current->in_execve = 1; file = do_open_execat(fd, filename, flags); retval = PTR_ERR(file); if (IS_ERR(file)) goto out_unmark; sched_exec(); bprm->file = file; /* * Record that a name derived from an O_CLOEXEC fd will be * inaccessible after exec. Relies on having exclusive access to * current->files (due to unshare_files above). */ if (bprm->fdpath && close_on_exec(fd, rcu_dereference_raw(current->files->fdt))) bprm->interp_flags |= BINPRM_FLAGS_PATH_INACCESSIBLE; /* Set the unchanging part of bprm->cred */ retval = security_bprm_creds_for_exec(bprm); if (retval) goto out; retval = exec_binprm(bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out; /* execve succeeded */ current->fs->in_exec = 0; current->in_execve = 0; rseq_execve(current); acct_update_integrals(current); task_numa_free(current, false); if (displaced) put_files_struct(displaced); return retval; out: /* * If past the point of no return ensure the the code never * returns to the userspace process. Use an existing fatal * signal if present otherwise terminate the process with * SIGSEGV. */ if (bprm->point_of_no_return && !fatal_signal_pending(current)) force_sigsegv(SIGSEGV); out_unmark: current->fs->in_exec = 0; current->in_execve = 0; out_files: if (displaced) reset_files_struct(displaced); return retval; } static int do_execveat_common(int fd, struct filename *filename, struct user_arg_ptr argv, struct user_arg_ptr envp, int flags) { struct linux_binprm *bprm; int retval; if (IS_ERR(filename)) return PTR_ERR(filename); /* * We move the actual failure in case of RLIMIT_NPROC excess from * set*uid() to execve() because too many poorly written programs * don't check setuid() return code. Here we additionally recheck * whether NPROC limit is still exceeded. */ if ((current->flags & PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED) && atomic_read(&current_user()->processes) > rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC)) { retval = -EAGAIN; goto out_ret; } /* We're below the limit (still or again), so we don't want to make * further execve() calls fail. */ current->flags &= ~PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED; bprm = alloc_bprm(fd, filename); if (IS_ERR(bprm)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bprm); goto out_ret; } retval = count(argv, MAX_ARG_STRINGS); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->argc = retval; retval = count(envp, MAX_ARG_STRINGS); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->envc = retval; retval = bprm_stack_limits(bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_string_kernel(bprm->filename, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->exec = bprm->p; retval = copy_strings(bprm->envc, envp, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_strings(bprm->argc, argv, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = bprm_execve(bprm, fd, filename, flags); out_free: free_bprm(bprm); out_ret: putname(filename); return retval; } int kernel_execve(const char *kernel_filename, const char *const *argv, const char *const *envp) { struct filename *filename; struct linux_binprm *bprm; int fd = AT_FDCWD; int retval; filename = getname_kernel(kernel_filename); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return PTR_ERR(filename); bprm = alloc_bprm(fd, filename); if (IS_ERR(bprm)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bprm); goto out_ret; } retval = count_strings_kernel(argv); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->argc = retval; retval = count_strings_kernel(envp); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->envc = retval; retval = bprm_stack_limits(bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_string_kernel(bprm->filename, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; bprm->exec = bprm->p; retval = copy_strings_kernel(bprm->envc, envp, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = copy_strings_kernel(bprm->argc, argv, bprm); if (retval < 0) goto out_free; retval = bprm_execve(bprm, fd, filename, 0); out_free: free_bprm(bprm); out_ret: putname(filename); return retval; } static int do_execve(struct filename *filename, const char __user *const __user *__argv, const char __user *const __user *__envp) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .ptr.native = __argv }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .ptr.native = __envp }; return do_execveat_common(AT_FDCWD, filename, argv, envp, 0); } static int do_execveat(int fd, struct filename *filename, const char __user *const __user *__argv, const char __user *const __user *__envp, int flags) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .ptr.native = __argv }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .ptr.native = __envp }; return do_execveat_common(fd, filename, argv, envp, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static int compat_do_execve(struct filename *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *__argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *__envp) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __argv, }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __envp, }; return do_execveat_common(AT_FDCWD, filename, argv, envp, 0); } static int compat_do_execveat(int fd, struct filename *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *__argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *__envp, int flags) { struct user_arg_ptr argv = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __argv, }; struct user_arg_ptr envp = { .is_compat = true, .ptr.compat = __envp, }; return do_execveat_common(fd, filename, argv, envp, flags); } #endif void set_binfmt(struct linux_binfmt *new) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; if (mm->binfmt) module_put(mm->binfmt->module); mm->binfmt = new; if (new) __module_get(new->module); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_binfmt); /* * set_dumpable stores three-value SUID_DUMP_* into mm->flags. */ void set_dumpable(struct mm_struct *mm, int value) { if (WARN_ON((unsigned)value > SUID_DUMP_ROOT)) return; set_mask_bits(&mm->flags, MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK, value); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(execve, const char __user *, filename, const char __user *const __user *, argv, const char __user *const __user *, envp) { return do_execve(getname(filename), argv, envp); } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(execveat, int, fd, const char __user *, filename, const char __user *const __user *, argv, const char __user *const __user *, envp, int, flags) { int lookup_flags = (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) ? LOOKUP_EMPTY : 0; return do_execveat(fd, getname_flags(filename, lookup_flags, NULL), argv, envp, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(execve, const char __user *, filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *, argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *, envp) { return compat_do_execve(getname(filename), argv, envp); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(execveat, int, fd, const char __user *, filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *, argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *, envp, int, flags) { int lookup_flags = (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) ? LOOKUP_EMPTY : 0; return compat_do_execveat(fd, getname_flags(filename, lookup_flags, NULL), argv, envp, flags); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/backing-dev.h * * low-level device information and state which is propagated up through * to high-level code. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H #define _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> #include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> static inline struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { kref_get(&bdi->refcnt); return bdi; } struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get_by_id(u64 id); void bdi_put(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); __printf(2, 3) int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(2, 0) int bdi_register_va(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, va_list args); void bdi_set_owner(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *owner); void bdi_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); struct backing_dev_info *bdi_alloc(int node_id); void wb_start_background_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void wb_workfn(struct work_struct *work); void wb_wakeup_delayed(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void wb_wait_for_completion(struct wb_completion *done); extern spinlock_t bdi_lock; extern struct list_head bdi_list; extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_async_bio_wq; static inline bool wb_has_dirty_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return test_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state); } static inline bool bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { /* * @bdi->tot_write_bandwidth is guaranteed to be > 0 if there are * any dirty wbs. See wb_update_write_bandwidth(). */ return atomic_long_read(&bdi->tot_write_bandwidth); } static inline void __add_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item, s64 amount) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&wb->stat[item], amount, WB_STAT_BATCH); } static inline void inc_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { __add_wb_stat(wb, item, 1); } static inline void dec_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { __add_wb_stat(wb, item, -1); } static inline s64 wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&wb->stat[item]); } static inline s64 wb_stat_sum(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&wb->stat[item]); } extern void wb_writeout_inc(struct bdi_writeback *wb); /* * maximal error of a stat counter. */ static inline unsigned long wb_stat_error(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return nr_cpu_ids * WB_STAT_BATCH; #else return 1; #endif } int bdi_set_min_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int min_ratio); int bdi_set_max_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int max_ratio); /* * Flags in backing_dev_info::capability * * BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK: Supports dirty page writeback, and dirty pages * should contribute to accounting * BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK_ACCT: Automatically account writeback pages * BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT: Keep number of dirty pages below bdi threshold */ #define BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK (1 << 0) #define BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK_ACCT (1 << 1) #define BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT (1 << 2) extern struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info; /** * writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress * @wb: bdi_writeback of interest * * Determine whether there is writeback waiting to be handled against a * bdi_writeback. */ static inline bool writeback_in_progress(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return test_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state); } static inline struct backing_dev_info *inode_to_bdi(struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb; if (!inode) return &noop_backing_dev_info; sb = inode->i_sb; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK if (sb_is_blkdev_sb(sb)) return I_BDEV(inode)->bd_bdi; #endif return sb->s_bdi; } static inline int wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback *wb, int cong_bits) { return wb->congested & cong_bits; } long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout); long wait_iff_congested(int sync, long timeout); static inline bool mapping_can_writeback(struct address_space *mapping) { return inode_to_bdi(mapping->host)->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK; } static inline int bdi_sched_wait(void *word) { schedule(); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_lookup(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css); struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css, gfp_t gfp); void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg); int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits); /** * inode_cgwb_enabled - test whether cgroup writeback is enabled on an inode * @inode: inode of interest * * Cgroup writeback requires support from the filesystem. Also, both memcg and * iocg have to be on the default hierarchy. Test whether all conditions are * met. * * Note that the test result may change dynamically on the same inode * depending on how memcg and iocg are configured. */ static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); return cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys) && cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(io_cgrp_subsys) && (bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK) && (inode->i_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_CGROUPWB); } /** * wb_find_current - find wb for %current on a bdi * @bdi: bdi of interest * * Find the wb of @bdi which matches both the memcg and blkcg of %current. * Must be called under rcu_read_lock() which protects the returend wb. * NULL if not found. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; struct bdi_writeback *wb; memcg_css = task_css(current, memory_cgrp_id); if (!memcg_css->parent) return &bdi->wb; wb = radix_tree_lookup(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id); /* * %current's blkcg equals the effective blkcg of its memcg. No * need to use the relatively expensive cgroup_get_e_css(). */ if (likely(wb && wb->blkcg_css == task_css(current, io_cgrp_id))) return wb; return NULL; } /** * wb_get_create_current - get or create wb for %current on a bdi * @bdi: bdi of interest * @gfp: allocation mask * * Equivalent to wb_get_create() on %current's memcg. This function is * called from a relatively hot path and optimizes the common cases using * wb_find_current(). */ static inline struct bdi_writeback * wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; rcu_read_lock(); wb = wb_find_current(bdi); if (wb && unlikely(!wb_tryget(wb))) wb = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); if (unlikely(!wb)) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; memcg_css = task_get_css(current, memory_cgrp_id); wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, gfp); css_put(memcg_css); } return wb; } /** * inode_to_wb_is_valid - test whether an inode has a wb associated * @inode: inode of interest * * Returns %true if @inode has a wb associated. May be called without any * locking. */ static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode) { return inode->i_wb; } /** * inode_to_wb - determine the wb of an inode * @inode: inode of interest * * Returns the wb @inode is currently associated with. The caller must be * holding either @inode->i_lock, the i_pages lock, or the * associated wb's list_lock. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(const struct inode *inode) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && (!lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_lock) && !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages.xa_lock) && !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_wb->list_lock))); #endif return inode->i_wb; } /** * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin - begin unlocked inode wb access transaction * @inode: target inode * @cookie: output param, to be passed to the end function * * The caller wants to access the wb associated with @inode but isn't * holding inode->i_lock, the i_pages lock or wb->list_lock. This * function determines the wb associated with @inode and ensures that the * association doesn't change until the transaction is finished with * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(). * * The caller must call unlocked_inode_to_wb_end() with *@cookie afterwards and * can't sleep during the transaction. IRQs may or may not be disabled on * return. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { rcu_read_lock(); /* * Paired with store_release in inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() and * ensures that we see the new wb if we see cleared I_WB_SWITCH. */ cookie->locked = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_state) & I_WB_SWITCH; if (unlikely(cookie->locked)) xa_lock_irqsave(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages, cookie->flags); /* * Protected by either !I_WB_SWITCH + rcu_read_lock() or the i_pages * lock. inode_to_wb() will bark. Deref directly. */ return inode->i_wb; } /** * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end - end inode wb access transaction * @inode: target inode * @cookie: @cookie from unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin() */ static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { if (unlikely(cookie->locked)) xa_unlock_irqrestore(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages, cookie->flags); rcu_read_unlock(); } #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return &bdi->wb; } static inline struct bdi_writeback * wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp) { return &bdi->wb; } static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode) { return true; } static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(struct inode *inode) { return &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb; } static inline struct bdi_writeback * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { return inode_to_wb(inode); } static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { } static inline void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg) { } static inline int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits) { return wb_congested(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, cong_bits); } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline int inode_read_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_sync_congested); } static inline int inode_write_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_async_congested); } static inline int inode_rw_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, (1 << WB_sync_congested) | (1 << WB_async_congested)); } static inline int bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int cong_bits) { return wb_congested(&bdi->wb, cong_bits); } static inline int bdi_read_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_sync_congested); } static inline int bdi_write_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_async_congested); } static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, (1 << WB_sync_congested) | (1 << WB_async_congested)); } const char *bdi_dev_name(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); #endif /* _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internal header to deal with irq_desc->status which will be renamed * to irq_desc->settings. */ enum { _IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS = IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS, _IRQ_PER_CPU = IRQ_PER_CPU, _IRQ_LEVEL = IRQ_LEVEL, _IRQ_NOPROBE = IRQ_NOPROBE, _IRQ_NOREQUEST = IRQ_NOREQUEST, _IRQ_NOTHREAD = IRQ_NOTHREAD, _IRQ_NOAUTOEN = IRQ_NOAUTOEN, _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT = IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT, _IRQ_NO_BALANCING = IRQ_NO_BALANCING, _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD = IRQ_NESTED_THREAD, _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID = IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID, _IRQ_IS_POLLED = IRQ_IS_POLLED, _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY = IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY, _IRQ_HIDDEN = IRQ_HIDDEN, _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK = IRQF_MODIFY_MASK, }; #define IRQ_PER_CPU GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NO_BALANCING GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_LEVEL GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOPROBE GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOREQUEST GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOTHREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOAUTOEN GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NESTED_THREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_IS_POLLED GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_HIDDEN GOT_YOU_MORON #undef IRQF_MODIFY_MASK #define IRQF_MODIFY_MASK GOT_YOU_MORON static inline void irq_settings_clr_and_set(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 clr, u32 set) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~(clr & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); desc->status_use_accessors |= (set & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu_devid(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID; } static inline void irq_settings_set_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline void irq_settings_set_no_balancing(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline bool irq_settings_has_no_balance_set(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline u32 irq_settings_get_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline void irq_settings_set_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 mask) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; desc->status_use_accessors |= mask & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_set_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_request(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOREQUEST); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline void irq_settings_set_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOTHREAD); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline void irq_settings_set_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_probe(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOPROBE); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline void irq_settings_set_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_move_pcntxt(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_autoenable(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOAUTOEN); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_nested_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_polled(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_IS_POLLED; } static inline bool irq_settings_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_hidden(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_HIDDEN; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internals of the DMA direct mapping implementation. Only for use by the * DMA mapping code and IOMMU drivers. */ #ifndef _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H 1 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/dma-map-ops.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> /* for min_low_pfn */ #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <linux/swiotlb.h> extern unsigned int zone_dma_bits; /* * Record the mapping of CPU physical to DMA addresses for a given region. */ struct bus_dma_region { phys_addr_t cpu_start; dma_addr_t dma_start; u64 size; u64 offset; }; static inline dma_addr_t translate_phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (paddr >= m->cpu_start && paddr - m->cpu_start < m->size) return (dma_addr_t)paddr - m->offset; /* make sure dma_capable fails when no translation is available */ return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } static inline phys_addr_t translate_dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (dma_addr >= m->dma_start && dma_addr - m->dma_start < m->size) return (phys_addr_t)dma_addr + m->offset; return (phys_addr_t)-1; } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA #include <asm/dma-direct.h> #ifndef phys_to_dma_unencrypted #define phys_to_dma_unencrypted phys_to_dma #endif #else static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { if (dev->dma_range_map) return translate_phys_to_dma(dev, paddr); return paddr; } /* * If memory encryption is supported, phys_to_dma will set the memory encryption * bit in the DMA address, and dma_to_phys will clear it. * phys_to_dma_unencrypted is for use on special unencrypted memory like swiotlb * buffers. */ static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { return __sme_set(phys_to_dma_unencrypted(dev, paddr)); } static inline phys_addr_t dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { phys_addr_t paddr; if (dev->dma_range_map) paddr = translate_dma_to_phys(dev, dma_addr); else paddr = dma_addr; return __sme_clr(paddr); } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev); #else static inline bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED */ static inline bool dma_capable(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, bool is_ram) { dma_addr_t end = addr + size - 1; if (addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR) return false; if (is_ram && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_DMA_ADDR_T_64BIT) && min(addr, end) < phys_to_dma(dev, PFN_PHYS(min_low_pfn))) return false; return end <= min_not_zero(*dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); } u64 dma_direct_get_required_mask(struct device *dev); void *dma_direct_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, unsigned long attrs); struct page *dma_direct_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void dma_direct_free_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *page, dma_addr_t dma_addr, enum dma_data_direction dir); int dma_direct_supported(struct device *dev, u64 mask); dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_resource(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); #endif /* _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NODEMASK_H #define __LINUX_NODEMASK_H /* * Nodemasks provide a bitmap suitable for representing the * set of Node's in a system, one bit position per Node number. * * See detailed comments in the file linux/bitmap.h describing the * data type on which these nodemasks are based. * * For details of nodemask_parse_user(), see bitmap_parse_user() in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodelist_parse(), see bitmap_parselist(), * also in bitmap.c. For details of node_remap(), see bitmap_bitremap in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_remap(), see bitmap_remap in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_onto(), see bitmap_onto in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_fold(), see bitmap_fold in * lib/bitmap.c. * * The available nodemask operations are: * * void node_set(node, mask) turn on bit 'node' in mask * void node_clear(node, mask) turn off bit 'node' in mask * void nodes_setall(mask) set all bits * void nodes_clear(mask) clear all bits * int node_isset(node, mask) true iff bit 'node' set in mask * int node_test_and_set(node, mask) test and set bit 'node' in mask * * void nodes_and(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 & src2 [intersection] * void nodes_or(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 | src2 [union] * void nodes_xor(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 ^ src2 * void nodes_andnot(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 & ~src2 * void nodes_complement(dst, src) dst = ~src * * int nodes_equal(mask1, mask2) Does mask1 == mask2? * int nodes_intersects(mask1, mask2) Do mask1 and mask2 intersect? * int nodes_subset(mask1, mask2) Is mask1 a subset of mask2? * int nodes_empty(mask) Is mask empty (no bits sets)? * int nodes_full(mask) Is mask full (all bits sets)? * int nodes_weight(mask) Hamming weight - number of set bits * * void nodes_shift_right(dst, src, n) Shift right * void nodes_shift_left(dst, src, n) Shift left * * int first_node(mask) Number lowest set bit, or MAX_NUMNODES * int next_node(node, mask) Next node past 'node', or MAX_NUMNODES * int next_node_in(node, mask) Next node past 'node', or wrap to first, * or MAX_NUMNODES * int first_unset_node(mask) First node not set in mask, or * MAX_NUMNODES * * nodemask_t nodemask_of_node(node) Return nodemask with bit 'node' set * NODE_MASK_ALL Initializer - all bits set * NODE_MASK_NONE Initializer - no bits set * unsigned long *nodes_addr(mask) Array of unsigned long's in mask * * int nodemask_parse_user(ubuf, ulen, mask) Parse ascii string as nodemask * int nodelist_parse(buf, map) Parse ascii string as nodelist * int node_remap(oldbit, old, new) newbit = map(old, new)(oldbit) * void nodes_remap(dst, src, old, new) *dst = map(old, new)(src) * void nodes_onto(dst, orig, relmap) *dst = orig relative to relmap * void nodes_fold(dst, orig, sz) dst bits = orig bits mod sz * * for_each_node_mask(node, mask) for-loop node over mask * * int num_online_nodes() Number of online Nodes * int num_possible_nodes() Number of all possible Nodes * * int node_random(mask) Random node with set bit in mask * * int node_online(node) Is some node online? * int node_possible(node) Is some node possible? * * node_set_online(node) set bit 'node' in node_online_map * node_set_offline(node) clear bit 'node' in node_online_map * * for_each_node(node) for-loop node over node_possible_map * for_each_online_node(node) for-loop node over node_online_map * * Subtlety: * 1) The 'type-checked' form of node_isset() causes gcc (3.3.2, anyway) * to generate slightly worse code. So use a simple one-line #define * for node_isset(), instead of wrapping an inline inside a macro, the * way we do the other calls. * * NODEMASK_SCRATCH * When doing above logical AND, OR, XOR, Remap operations the callers tend to * need temporary nodemask_t's on the stack. But if NODES_SHIFT is large, * nodemask_t's consume too much stack space. NODEMASK_SCRATCH is a helper * for such situations. See below and CPUMASK_ALLOC also. */ #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/numa.h> typedef struct { DECLARE_BITMAP(bits, MAX_NUMNODES); } nodemask_t; extern nodemask_t _unused_nodemask_arg_; /** * nodemask_pr_args - printf args to output a nodemask * @maskp: nodemask to be printed * * Can be used to provide arguments for '%*pb[l]' when printing a nodemask. */ #define nodemask_pr_args(maskp) __nodemask_pr_numnodes(maskp), \ __nodemask_pr_bits(maskp) static inline unsigned int __nodemask_pr_numnodes(const nodemask_t *m) { return m ? MAX_NUMNODES : 0; } static inline const unsigned long *__nodemask_pr_bits(const nodemask_t *m) { return m ? m->bits : NULL; } /* * The inline keyword gives the compiler room to decide to inline, or * not inline a function as it sees best. However, as these functions * are called in both __init and non-__init functions, if they are not * inlined we will end up with a section mis-match error (of the type of * freeable items not being freed). So we must use __always_inline here * to fix the problem. If other functions in the future also end up in * this situation they will also need to be annotated as __always_inline */ #define node_set(node, dst) __node_set((node), &(dst)) static __always_inline void __node_set(int node, volatile nodemask_t *dstp) { set_bit(node, dstp->bits); } #define node_clear(node, dst) __node_clear((node), &(dst)) static inline void __node_clear(int node, volatile nodemask_t *dstp) { clear_bit(node, dstp->bits); } #define nodes_setall(dst) __nodes_setall(&(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_setall(nodemask_t *dstp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_fill(dstp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_clear(dst) __nodes_clear(&(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_clear(nodemask_t *dstp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_zero(dstp->bits, nbits); } /* No static inline type checking - see Subtlety (1) above. */ #define node_isset(node, nodemask) test_bit((node), (nodemask).bits) #define node_test_and_set(node, nodemask) \ __node_test_and_set((node), &(nodemask)) static inline int __node_test_and_set(int node, nodemask_t *addr) { return test_and_set_bit(node, addr->bits); } #define nodes_and(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_and(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_and(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_and(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_or(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_or(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_or(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_or(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_xor(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_xor(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_xor(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_xor(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_andnot(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_andnot(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_andnot(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_andnot(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_complement(dst, src) \ __nodes_complement(&(dst), &(src), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_complement(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_complement(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_equal(src1, src2) \ __nodes_equal(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_equal(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_equal(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_intersects(src1, src2) \ __nodes_intersects(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_intersects(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_intersects(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_subset(src1, src2) \ __nodes_subset(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_subset(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_subset(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_empty(src) __nodes_empty(&(src), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_empty(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_empty(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_full(nodemask) __nodes_full(&(nodemask), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_full(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_full(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_weight(nodemask) __nodes_weight(&(nodemask), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_weight(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_weight(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_shift_right(dst, src, n) \ __nodes_shift_right(&(dst), &(src), (n), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_shift_right(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, int n, int nbits) { bitmap_shift_right(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, n, nbits); } #define nodes_shift_left(dst, src, n) \ __nodes_shift_left(&(dst), &(src), (n), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_shift_left(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, int n, int nbits) { bitmap_shift_left(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, n, nbits); } /* FIXME: better would be to fix all architectures to never return > MAX_NUMNODES, then the silly min_ts could be dropped. */ #define first_node(src) __first_node(&(src)) static inline int __first_node(const nodemask_t *srcp) { return min_t(int, MAX_NUMNODES, find_first_bit(srcp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES)); } #define next_node(n, src) __next_node((n), &(src)) static inline int __next_node(int n, const nodemask_t *srcp) { return min_t(int,MAX_NUMNODES,find_next_bit(srcp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES, n+1)); } /* * Find the next present node in src, starting after node n, wrapping around to * the first node in src if needed. Returns MAX_NUMNODES if src is empty. */ #define next_node_in(n, src) __next_node_in((n), &(src)) int __next_node_in(int node, const nodemask_t *srcp); static inline void init_nodemask_of_node(nodemask_t *mask, int node) { nodes_clear(*mask); node_set(node, *mask); } #define nodemask_of_node(node) \ ({ \ typeof(_unused_nodemask_arg_) m; \ if (sizeof(m) == sizeof(unsigned long)) { \ m.bits[0] = 1UL << (node); \ } else { \ init_nodemask_of_node(&m, (node)); \ } \ m; \ }) #define first_unset_node(mask) __first_unset_node(&(mask)) static inline int __first_unset_node(const nodemask_t *maskp) { return min_t(int,MAX_NUMNODES, find_first_zero_bit(maskp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES)); } #define NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(MAX_NUMNODES) #if MAX_NUMNODES <= BITS_PER_LONG #define NODE_MASK_ALL \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD \ } }) #else #define NODE_MASK_ALL \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-2] = ~0UL, \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD \ } }) #endif #define NODE_MASK_NONE \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = 0UL \ } }) #define nodes_addr(src) ((src).bits) #define nodemask_parse_user(ubuf, ulen, dst) \ __nodemask_parse_user((ubuf), (ulen), &(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodemask_parse_user(const char __user *buf, int len, nodemask_t *dstp, int nbits) { return bitmap_parse_user(buf, len, dstp->bits, nbits); } #define nodelist_parse(buf, dst) __nodelist_parse((buf), &(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodelist_parse(const char *buf, nodemask_t *dstp, int nbits) { return bitmap_parselist(buf, dstp->bits, nbits); } #define node_remap(oldbit, old, new) \ __node_remap((oldbit), &(old), &(new), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __node_remap(int oldbit, const nodemask_t *oldp, const nodemask_t *newp, int nbits) { return bitmap_bitremap(oldbit, oldp->bits, newp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_remap(dst, src, old, new) \ __nodes_remap(&(dst), &(src), &(old), &(new), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_remap(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, const nodemask_t *oldp, const nodemask_t *newp, int nbits) { bitmap_remap(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, oldp->bits, newp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_onto(dst, orig, relmap) \ __nodes_onto(&(dst), &(orig), &(relmap), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_onto(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *origp, const nodemask_t *relmapp, int nbits) { bitmap_onto(dstp->bits, origp->bits, relmapp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_fold(dst, orig, sz) \ __nodes_fold(&(dst), &(orig), sz, MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_fold(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *origp, int sz, int nbits) { bitmap_fold(dstp->bits, origp->bits, sz, nbits); } #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 #define for_each_node_mask(node, mask) \ for ((node) = first_node(mask); \ (node) < MAX_NUMNODES; \ (node) = next_node((node), (mask))) #else /* MAX_NUMNODES == 1 */ #define for_each_node_mask(node, mask) \ if (!nodes_empty(mask)) \ for ((node) = 0; (node) < 1; (node)++) #endif /* MAX_NUMNODES */ /* * Bitmasks that are kept for all the nodes. */ enum node_states { N_POSSIBLE, /* The node could become online at some point */ N_ONLINE, /* The node is online */ N_NORMAL_MEMORY, /* The node has regular memory */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM N_HIGH_MEMORY, /* The node has regular or high memory */ #else N_HIGH_MEMORY = N_NORMAL_MEMORY, #endif N_MEMORY, /* The node has memory(regular, high, movable) */ N_CPU, /* The node has one or more cpus */ N_GENERIC_INITIATOR, /* The node has one or more Generic Initiators */ NR_NODE_STATES }; /* * The following particular system nodemasks and operations * on them manage all possible and online nodes. */ extern nodemask_t node_states[NR_NODE_STATES]; #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 static inline int node_state(int node, enum node_states state) { return node_isset(node, node_states[state]); } static inline void node_set_state(int node, enum node_states state) { __node_set(node, &node_states[state]); } static inline void node_clear_state(int node, enum node_states state) { __node_clear(node, &node_states[state]); } static inline int num_node_state(enum node_states state) { return nodes_weight(node_states[state]); } #define for_each_node_state(__node, __state) \ for_each_node_mask((__node), node_states[__state]) #define first_online_node first_node(node_states[N_ONLINE]) #define first_memory_node first_node(node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline int next_online_node(int nid) { return next_node(nid, node_states[N_ONLINE]); } static inline int next_memory_node(int nid) { return next_node(nid, node_states[N_MEMORY]); } extern unsigned int nr_node_ids; extern unsigned int nr_online_nodes; static inline void node_set_online(int nid) { node_set_state(nid, N_ONLINE); nr_online_nodes = num_node_state(N_ONLINE); } static inline void node_set_offline(int nid) { node_clear_state(nid, N_ONLINE); nr_online_nodes = num_node_state(N_ONLINE); } #else static inline int node_state(int node, enum node_states state) { return node == 0; } static inline void node_set_state(int node, enum node_states state) { } static inline void node_clear_state(int node, enum node_states state) { } static inline int num_node_state(enum node_states state) { return 1; } #define for_each_node_state(node, __state) \ for ( (node) = 0; (node) == 0; (node) = 1) #define first_online_node 0 #define first_memory_node 0 #define next_online_node(nid) (MAX_NUMNODES) #define nr_node_ids 1U #define nr_online_nodes 1U #define node_set_online(node) node_set_state((node), N_ONLINE) #define node_set_offline(node) node_clear_state((node), N_ONLINE) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NUMA) && (MAX_NUMNODES > 1) extern int node_random(const nodemask_t *maskp); #else static inline int node_random(const nodemask_t *mask) { return 0; } #endif #define node_online_map node_states[N_ONLINE] #define node_possible_map node_states[N_POSSIBLE] #define num_online_nodes() num_node_state(N_ONLINE) #define num_possible_nodes() num_node_state(N_POSSIBLE) #define node_online(node) node_state((node), N_ONLINE) #define node_possible(node) node_state((node), N_POSSIBLE) #define for_each_node(node) for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE) #define for_each_online_node(node) for_each_node_state(node, N_ONLINE) /* * For nodemask scrach area. * NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name) allocates an object with a specified type and * name. */ #if NODES_SHIFT > 8 /* nodemask_t > 32 bytes */ #define NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name, gfp_flags) \ type *name = kmalloc(sizeof(*name), gfp_flags) #define NODEMASK_FREE(m) kfree(m) #else #define NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name, gfp_flags) type _##name, *name = &_##name #define NODEMASK_FREE(m) do {} while (0) #endif /* A example struture for using NODEMASK_ALLOC, used in mempolicy. */ struct nodemask_scratch { nodemask_t mask1; nodemask_t mask2; }; #define NODEMASK_SCRATCH(x) \ NODEMASK_ALLOC(struct nodemask_scratch, x, \ GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #define NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(x) NODEMASK_FREE(x) #endif /* __LINUX_NODEMASK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_GENHD_H #define _LINUX_GENHD_H /* * genhd.h Copyright (C) 1992 Drew Eckhardt * Generic hard disk header file by * Drew Eckhardt * * <drew@colorado.edu> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <asm/local.h> #define dev_to_disk(device) container_of((device), struct gendisk, part0.__dev) #define dev_to_part(device) container_of((device), struct hd_struct, __dev) #define disk_to_dev(disk) (&(disk)->part0.__dev) #define part_to_dev(part) (&((part)->__dev)) extern const struct device_type disk_type; extern struct device_type part_type; extern struct class block_class; #define DISK_MAX_PARTS 256 #define DISK_NAME_LEN 32 #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #define PARTITION_META_INFO_VOLNAMELTH 64 /* * Enough for the string representation of any kind of UUID plus NULL. * EFI UUID is 36 characters. MSDOS UUID is 11 characters. */ #define PARTITION_META_INFO_UUIDLTH (UUID_STRING_LEN + 1) struct partition_meta_info { char uuid[PARTITION_META_INFO_UUIDLTH]; u8 volname[PARTITION_META_INFO_VOLNAMELTH]; }; struct hd_struct { sector_t start_sect; /* * nr_sects is protected by sequence counter. One might extend a * partition while IO is happening to it and update of nr_sects * can be non-atomic on 32bit machines with 64bit sector_t. */ sector_t nr_sects; #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) seqcount_t nr_sects_seq; #endif unsigned long stamp; struct disk_stats __percpu *dkstats; struct percpu_ref ref; struct device __dev; struct kobject *holder_dir; int policy, partno; struct partition_meta_info *info; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST int make_it_fail; #endif struct rcu_work rcu_work; }; /** * DOC: genhd capability flags * * ``GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE`` (0x0001): indicates that the block device * gives access to removable media. * When set, the device remains present even when media is not * inserted. * Must not be set for devices which are removed entirely when the * media is removed. * * ``GENHD_FL_CD`` (0x0008): the block device is a CD-ROM-style * device. * Affects responses to the ``CDROM_GET_CAPABILITY`` ioctl. * * ``GENHD_FL_UP`` (0x0010): indicates that the block device is "up", * with a similar meaning to network interfaces. * * ``GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO`` (0x0020): don't include * partition information in ``/proc/partitions`` or in the output of * printk_all_partitions(). * Used for the null block device and some MMC devices. * * ``GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT`` (0x0040): the driver supports extended * dynamic ``dev_t``, i.e. it wants extended device numbers * (``BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR``). * This affects the maximum number of partitions. * * ``GENHD_FL_NATIVE_CAPACITY`` (0x0080): based on information in the * partition table, the device's capacity has been extended to its * native capacity; i.e. the device has hidden capacity used by one * of the partitions (this is a flag used so that native capacity is * only ever unlocked once). * * ``GENHD_FL_BLOCK_EVENTS_ON_EXCL_WRITE`` (0x0100): event polling is * blocked whenever a writer holds an exclusive lock. * * ``GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN`` (0x0200): partition scanning is disabled. * Used for loop devices in their default settings and some MMC * devices. * * ``GENHD_FL_HIDDEN`` (0x0400): the block device is hidden; it * doesn't produce events, doesn't appear in sysfs, and doesn't have * an associated ``bdev``. * Implies ``GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO`` and * ``GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN``. * Used for multipath devices. */ #define GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE 0x0001 /* 2 is unused (used to be GENHD_FL_DRIVERFS) */ /* 4 is unused (used to be GENHD_FL_MEDIA_CHANGE_NOTIFY) */ #define GENHD_FL_CD 0x0008 #define GENHD_FL_UP 0x0010 #define GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO 0x0020 #define GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT 0x0040 #define GENHD_FL_NATIVE_CAPACITY 0x0080 #define GENHD_FL_BLOCK_EVENTS_ON_EXCL_WRITE 0x0100 #define GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN 0x0200 #define GENHD_FL_HIDDEN 0x0400 enum { DISK_EVENT_MEDIA_CHANGE = 1 << 0, /* media changed */ DISK_EVENT_EJECT_REQUEST = 1 << 1, /* eject requested */ }; enum { /* Poll even if events_poll_msecs is unset */ DISK_EVENT_FLAG_POLL = 1 << 0, /* Forward events to udev */ DISK_EVENT_FLAG_UEVENT = 1 << 1, }; struct disk_part_tbl { struct rcu_head rcu_head; int len; struct hd_struct __rcu *last_lookup; struct hd_struct __rcu *part[]; }; struct disk_events; struct badblocks; struct blk_integrity { const struct blk_integrity_profile *profile; unsigned char flags; unsigned char tuple_size; unsigned char interval_exp; unsigned char tag_size; }; struct gendisk { /* major, first_minor and minors are input parameters only, * don't use directly. Use disk_devt() and disk_max_parts(). */ int major; /* major number of driver */ int first_minor; int minors; /* maximum number of minors, =1 for * disks that can't be partitioned. */ char disk_name[DISK_NAME_LEN]; /* name of major driver */ unsigned short events; /* supported events */ unsigned short event_flags; /* flags related to event processing */ /* Array of pointers to partitions indexed by partno. * Protected with matching bdev lock but stat and other * non-critical accesses use RCU. Always access through * helpers. */ struct disk_part_tbl __rcu *part_tbl; struct hd_struct part0; const struct block_device_operations *fops; struct request_queue *queue; void *private_data; int flags; unsigned long state; #define GD_NEED_PART_SCAN 0 struct rw_semaphore lookup_sem; struct kobject *slave_dir; struct timer_rand_state *random; atomic_t sync_io; /* RAID */ struct disk_events *ev; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY struct kobject integrity_kobj; #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CDROM) struct cdrom_device_info *cdi; #endif int node_id; struct badblocks *bb; struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; }; #if IS_REACHABLE(CONFIG_CDROM) #define disk_to_cdi(disk) ((disk)->cdi) #else #define disk_to_cdi(disk) NULL #endif static inline struct gendisk *part_to_disk(struct hd_struct *part) { if (likely(part)) { if (part->partno) return dev_to_disk(part_to_dev(part)->parent); else return dev_to_disk(part_to_dev(part)); } return NULL; } static inline int disk_max_parts(struct gendisk *disk) { if (disk->flags & GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT) return DISK_MAX_PARTS; return disk->minors; } static inline bool disk_part_scan_enabled(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk_max_parts(disk) > 1 && !(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN); } static inline dev_t disk_devt(struct gendisk *disk) { return MKDEV(disk->major, disk->first_minor); } static inline dev_t part_devt(struct hd_struct *part) { return part_to_dev(part)->devt; } extern struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); extern struct hd_struct *disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); static inline void disk_put_part(struct hd_struct *part) { if (likely(part)) put_device(part_to_dev(part)); } static inline void hd_sects_seq_init(struct hd_struct *p) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) seqcount_init(&p->nr_sects_seq); #endif } /* * Smarter partition iterator without context limits. */ #define DISK_PITER_REVERSE (1 << 0) /* iterate in the reverse direction */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY (1 << 1) /* include 0-sized parts */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_PART0 (1 << 2) /* include partition 0 */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY_PART0 (1 << 3) /* include empty partition 0 */ struct disk_part_iter { struct gendisk *disk; struct hd_struct *part; int idx; unsigned int flags; }; extern void disk_part_iter_init(struct disk_part_iter *piter, struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int flags); extern struct hd_struct *disk_part_iter_next(struct disk_part_iter *piter); extern void disk_part_iter_exit(struct disk_part_iter *piter); extern bool disk_has_partitions(struct gendisk *disk); /* block/genhd.c */ extern void device_add_disk(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk, const struct attribute_group **groups); static inline void add_disk(struct gendisk *disk) { device_add_disk(NULL, disk, NULL); } extern void device_add_disk_no_queue_reg(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk); static inline void add_disk_no_queue_reg(struct gendisk *disk) { device_add_disk_no_queue_reg(NULL, disk); } extern void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *gp); extern struct gendisk *get_gendisk(dev_t dev, int *partno); extern struct block_device *bdget_disk(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); extern void set_device_ro(struct block_device *bdev, int flag); extern void set_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk, int flag); static inline int get_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk->part0.policy; } extern void disk_block_events(struct gendisk *disk); extern void disk_unblock_events(struct gendisk *disk); extern void disk_flush_events(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int mask); bool set_capacity_revalidate_and_notify(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t size, bool update_bdev); /* drivers/char/random.c */ extern void add_disk_randomness(struct gendisk *disk) __latent_entropy; extern void rand_initialize_disk(struct gendisk *disk); static inline sector_t get_start_sect(struct block_device *bdev) { return bdev->bd_part->start_sect; } static inline sector_t get_capacity(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk->part0.nr_sects; } static inline void set_capacity(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t size) { disk->part0.nr_sects = size; } int bdev_disk_changed(struct block_device *bdev, bool invalidate); int blk_add_partitions(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev); int blk_drop_partitions(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct gendisk *__alloc_disk_node(int minors, int node_id); extern struct kobject *get_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk); extern void put_disk(struct gendisk *disk); extern void put_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk); extern void blk_register_region(dev_t devt, unsigned long range, struct module *module, struct kobject *(*probe)(dev_t, int *, void *), int (*lock)(dev_t, void *), void *data); extern void blk_unregister_region(dev_t devt, unsigned long range); #define alloc_disk_node(minors, node_id) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ const char *__name; \ struct gendisk *__disk; \ \ __name = "(gendisk_completion)"#minors"("#node_id")"; \ \ __disk = __alloc_disk_node(minors, node_id); \ \ if (__disk) \ lockdep_init_map(&__disk->lockdep_map, __name, &__key, 0); \ \ __disk; \ }) #define alloc_disk(minors) alloc_disk_node(minors, NUMA_NO_NODE) int register_blkdev(unsigned int major, const char *name); void unregister_blkdev(unsigned int major, const char *name); void revalidate_disk_size(struct gendisk *disk, bool verbose); bool bdev_check_media_change(struct block_device *bdev); int __invalidate_device(struct block_device *bdev, bool kill_dirty); void bd_set_nr_sectors(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sectors); /* for drivers/char/raw.c: */ int blkdev_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long); long compat_blkdev_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS int bd_link_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk); void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk); #else static inline int bd_link_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk) { return 0; } static inline void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void printk_all_partitions(void); dev_t blk_lookup_devt(const char *name, int partno); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ static inline void printk_all_partitions(void) { } static inline dev_t blk_lookup_devt(const char *name, int partno) { dev_t devt = MKDEV(0, 0); return devt; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif /* _LINUX_GENHD_H */
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Because list_empty() serves this * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore, * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu(). */ /* * INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU - Initialize a list_head visible to RCU readers * @list: list to be initialized * * You should instead use INIT_LIST_HEAD() for normal initialization and * cleanup tasks, when readers have no access to the list being initialized. * However, if the list being initialized is visible to readers, you * need to keep the compiler from being too mischievous. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); WRITE_ONCE(list->prev, list); } /* * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe * way, we must not access it directly */ #define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next))) /** * list_tail_rcu - returns the prev pointer of the head of the list * @head: the head of the list * * Note: This should only be used with the list header, and even then * only if list_del() and similar primitives are not also used on the * list header. */ #define list_tail_rcu(head) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(head)->prev))) /* * Check during list traversal that we are within an RCU reader */ #define check_arg_count_one(dummy) #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_LIST #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ \ check_arg_count_one(extra); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \ "RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!"); \ }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond), \ "RCU-list traversed without holding the required lock!");\ }) #else #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ check_arg_count_one(extra); }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) ({ }) #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new); next->prev = new; } /** * list_add_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_tail_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_tail_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head->prev, head); } /** * list_del_rcu - deletes entry from list without re-initialization * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_del_rcu() * or list_add_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). * * Note that the caller is not permitted to immediately free * the newly deleted entry. Instead, either synchronize_rcu() * or call_rcu() must be used to defer freeing until an RCU * grace period has elapsed. */ static inline void list_del_rcu(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * list_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. * Note: @old should not be empty. */ static inline void list_replace_rcu(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->prev = old->prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(new->prev), new); new->next->prev = new; old->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * __list_splice_init_rcu - join an RCU-protected list into an existing list. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @prev: points to the last element of the existing list * @next: points to the first element of the existing list * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... * * The list pointed to by @prev and @next can be RCU-read traversed * concurrently with this function. * * Note that this function blocks. * * Important note: the caller must take whatever action is necessary to prevent * any other updates to the existing list. In principle, it is possible to * modify the list as soon as sync() begins execution. If this sort of thing * becomes necessary, an alternative version based on call_rcu() could be * created. But only if -really- needed -- there is no shortage of RCU API * members. */ static inline void __list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next, void (*sync)(void)) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; /* * "first" and "last" tracking list, so initialize it. RCU readers * have access to this list, so we must use INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU() * instead of INIT_LIST_HEAD(). */ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(list); /* * At this point, the list body still points to the source list. * Wait for any readers to finish using the list before splicing * the list body into the new list. Any new readers will see * an empty list. */ sync(); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*first); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*last); /* * Readers are finished with the source list, so perform splice. * The order is important if the new list is global and accessible * to concurrent RCU readers. Note that RCU readers are not * permitted to traverse the prev pointers without excluding * this function. */ last->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), first); first->prev = prev; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing list, * designed for stacks. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head, head->next, sync); } /** * list_splice_tail_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing * list, designed for queues. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head->prev, head, sync); } /** * list_entry_rcu - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /* * Where are list_empty_rcu() and list_first_entry_rcu()? * * Implementing those functions following their counterparts list_empty() and * list_first_entry() is not advisable because they lead to subtle race * conditions as the following snippet shows: * * if (!list_empty_rcu(mylist)) { * struct foo *bar = list_first_entry_rcu(mylist, struct foo, list_member); * do_something(bar); * } * * The list may not be empty when list_empty_rcu checks it, but it may be when * list_first_entry_rcu rereads the ->next pointer. * * Rereading the ->next pointer is not a problem for list_empty() and * list_first_entry() because they would be protected by a lock that blocks * writers. * * See list_first_or_null_rcu for an alternative. */ /** * list_first_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_first_or_null_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__ptr != __next) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @head: the head for the list. * @ptr: the list head to take the next element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the ptr is at the end of the list, NULL is returned. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_next_or_null_rcu(head, ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__head = (head); \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__next != __head) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, \ member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define list_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_entry_lockless - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_entry_lockless(ptr, type, member) \ container_of((typeof(ptr))READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /** * list_for_each_entry_lockless - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_for_each_entry_lockless(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_lockless((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_lockless(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position which must have been in the list when the RCU read * lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_from_rcu() except * this starts after the given position and that one starts at the given * position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a list from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_node within the struct. * * Iterate over the tail of a list starting from a given position, * which must have been in the list when the RCU read lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu() except * this starts from the given position and that one starts from the position * after the given position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (; &(pos)->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_del_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. */ static inline void hlist_replace_rcu(struct hlist_node *old, struct hlist_node *new) { struct hlist_node *next = old->next; new->next = next; WRITE_ONCE(new->pprev, old->pprev); rcu_assign_pointer(*(struct hlist_node __rcu **)new->pprev, new); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(new->next->pprev, &new->next); WRITE_ONCE(old->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlists_swap_heads_rcu - swap the lists the hlist heads point to * @left: The hlist head on the left * @right: The hlist head on the right * * The lists start out as [@left ][node1 ... ] and * [@right ][node2 ... ] * The lists end up as [@left ][node2 ... ] * [@right ][node1 ... ] */ static inline void hlists_swap_heads_rcu(struct hlist_head *left, struct hlist_head *right) { struct hlist_node *node1 = left->first; struct hlist_node *node2 = right->first; rcu_assign_pointer(left->first, node2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->first, node1); WRITE_ONCE(node2->pprev, &left->first); WRITE_ONCE(node1->pprev, &right->first); } /* * return the first or the next element in an RCU protected hlist */ #define hlist_first_rcu(head) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(head)->first))) #define hlist_next_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(node)->next))) #define hlist_pprev_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)((node)->pprev))) /** * hlist_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_first_rcu(h), n); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; i; i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &last->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /** * hlist_add_before_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @next: the existing element to add the new element before. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * before the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_before_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); n->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_pprev_rcu(n), n); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_behind_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @prev: the existing element to add the new element after. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * after the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_behind_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { n->next = prev->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(prev), n); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } #define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \ for (pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \ pos; \ pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace - iterate over rcu list of given type (for tracing) * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). * * This is the same as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() except that it does * not do any RCU debugging or tracing. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H #define _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H 1 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * A clear pte value is special, and doesn't get inverted. * * Note that even users that only pass a pgprot_t (rather * than a full pte) won't trigger the special zero case, * because even PAGE_NONE has _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED * set. So the all zero case really is limited to just the * cleared page table entry case. */ static inline bool __pte_needs_invert(u64 val) { return val && !(val & _PAGE_PRESENT); } /* Get a mask to xor with the page table entry to get the correct pfn. */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val) { return __pte_needs_invert(val) ? ~0ull : 0; } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask) { /* * When a PTE transitions from NONE to !NONE or vice-versa * invert the PFN part to stop speculation. * pte_pfn undoes this when needed. */ if (__pte_needs_invert(oldval) != __pte_needs_invert(val)) val = (val & ~mask) | (~val & mask); return val; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/cpu.h - generic cpu definition * * This is mainly for topological representation. We define the * basic 'struct cpu' here, which can be embedded in per-arch * definitions of processors. * * Basic handling of the devices is done in drivers/base/cpu.c * * CPUs are exported via sysfs in the devices/system/cpu * directory. */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPU_H_ #define _LINUX_CPU_H_ #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/cpuhotplug.h> struct device; struct device_node; struct attribute_group; struct cpu { int node_id; /* The node which contains the CPU */ int hotpluggable; /* creates sysfs control file if hotpluggable */ struct device dev; }; extern void boot_cpu_init(void); extern void boot_cpu_hotplug_init(void); extern void cpu_init(void); extern void trap_init(void); extern int register_cpu(struct cpu *cpu, int num); extern struct device *get_cpu_device(unsigned cpu); extern bool cpu_is_hotpluggable(unsigned cpu); extern bool arch_match_cpu_phys_id(int cpu, u64 phys_id); extern bool arch_find_n_match_cpu_physical_id(struct device_node *cpun, int cpu, unsigned int *thread); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern ssize_t cpu_show_meltdown(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v1(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spec_store_bypass(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_l1tf(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_tsx_async_abort(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_srbds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern __printf(4, 5) struct device *cpu_device_create(struct device *parent, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **groups, const char *fmt, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void unregister_cpu(struct cpu *cpu); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_probe(const char *, size_t); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_release(const char *, size_t); #endif /* * These states are not related to the core CPU hotplug mechanism. They are * used by various (sub)architectures to track internal state */ #define CPU_ONLINE 0x0002 /* CPU is up */ #define CPU_UP_PREPARE 0x0003 /* CPU coming up */ #define CPU_DEAD 0x0007 /* CPU dead */ #define CPU_DEAD_FROZEN 0x0008 /* CPU timed out on unplug */ #define CPU_POST_DEAD 0x0009 /* CPU successfully unplugged */ #define CPU_BROKEN 0x000B /* CPU did not die properly */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern bool cpuhp_tasks_frozen; int add_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_up(struct device *dev); void notify_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu); extern void cpu_maps_update_begin(void); extern void cpu_maps_update_done(void); int bringup_hibernate_cpu(unsigned int sleep_cpu); void bringup_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int setup_max_cpus); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ #define cpuhp_tasks_frozen 0 static inline void cpu_maps_update_begin(void) { } static inline void cpu_maps_update_done(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern struct bus_type cpu_subsys; #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void cpus_write_lock(void); extern void cpus_write_unlock(void); extern void cpus_read_lock(void); extern void cpus_read_unlock(void); extern int cpus_read_trylock(void); extern void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_disable(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_enable(void); void clear_tasks_mm_cpumask(int cpu); int remove_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_down(struct device *dev); extern void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu); #else /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ static inline void cpus_write_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_write_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_unlock(void) { } static inline int cpus_read_trylock(void) { return true; } static inline void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_disable(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_enable(void) { } static inline void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ /* Wrappers which go away once all code is converted */ static inline void cpu_hotplug_begin(void) { cpus_write_lock(); } static inline void cpu_hotplug_done(void) { cpus_write_unlock(); } static inline void get_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_lock(); } static inline void put_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP extern int freeze_secondary_cpus(int primary); extern void thaw_secondary_cpus(void); static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { int cpu = 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP_NONZERO_CPU)) cpu = -1; return freeze_secondary_cpus(cpu); } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { return thaw_secondary_cpus(); } #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ static inline void thaw_secondary_cpus(void) {} static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { return 0; } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ void cpu_startup_entry(enum cpuhp_state state); void cpu_idle_poll_ctrl(bool enable); /* Attach to any functions which should be considered cpuidle. */ #define __cpuidle __section(".cpuidle.text") bool cpu_in_idle(unsigned long pc); void arch_cpu_idle(void); void arch_cpu_idle_prepare(void); void arch_cpu_idle_enter(void); void arch_cpu_idle_exit(void); void arch_cpu_idle_dead(void); int cpu_report_state(int cpu); int cpu_check_up_prepare(int cpu); void cpu_set_state_online(int cpu); void play_idle_precise(u64 duration_ns, u64 latency_ns); static inline void play_idle(unsigned long duration_us) { play_idle_precise(duration_us * NSEC_PER_USEC, U64_MAX); } #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU bool cpu_wait_death(unsigned int cpu, int seconds); bool cpu_report_death(void); void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void); #else static inline void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void) { } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ enum cpuhp_smt_control { CPU_SMT_ENABLED, CPU_SMT_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_FORCE_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_NOT_SUPPORTED, CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_SMT) extern enum cpuhp_smt_control cpu_smt_control; extern void cpu_smt_disable(bool force); extern void cpu_smt_check_topology(void); extern bool cpu_smt_possible(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_enable(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval); #else # define cpu_smt_control (CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED) static inline void cpu_smt_disable(bool force) { } static inline void cpu_smt_check_topology(void) { } static inline bool cpu_smt_possible(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_enable(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval) { return 0; } #endif extern bool cpu_mitigations_off(void); extern bool cpu_mitigations_auto_nosmt(void); #endif /* _LINUX_CPU_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_BARRIER_H #define _ASM_X86_BARRIER_H #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/nops.h> /* * Force strict CPU ordering. * And yes, this might be required on UP too when we're talking * to devices. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define mb() asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE("lock; addl $0,-4(%%esp)", "mfence", \ X86_FEATURE_XMM2) ::: "memory", "cc") #define rmb() asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE("lock; addl $0,-4(%%esp)", "lfence", \ X86_FEATURE_XMM2) ::: "memory", "cc") #define wmb() asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE("lock; addl $0,-4(%%esp)", "sfence", \ X86_FEATURE_XMM2) ::: "memory", "cc") #else #define mb() asm volatile("mfence":::"memory") #define rmb() asm volatile("lfence":::"memory") #define wmb() asm volatile("sfence" ::: "memory") #endif /** * array_index_mask_nospec() - generate a mask that is ~0UL when the * bounds check succeeds and 0 otherwise * @index: array element index * @size: number of elements in array * * Returns: * 0 - (index < size) */ static inline unsigned long array_index_mask_nospec(unsigned long index, unsigned long size) { unsigned long mask; asm volatile ("cmp %1,%2; sbb %0,%0;" :"=r" (mask) :"g"(size),"r" (index) :"cc"); return mask; } /* Override the default implementation from linux/nospec.h. */ #define array_index_mask_nospec array_index_mask_nospec /* Prevent speculative execution past this barrier. */ #define barrier_nospec() alternative("", "lfence", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC) #define dma_rmb() barrier() #define dma_wmb() barrier() #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __smp_mb() asm volatile("lock; addl $0,-4(%%esp)" ::: "memory", "cc") #else #define __smp_mb() asm volatile("lock; addl $0,-4(%%rsp)" ::: "memory", "cc") #endif #define __smp_rmb() dma_rmb() #define __smp_wmb() barrier() #define __smp_store_mb(var, value) do { (void)xchg(&var, value); } while (0) #define __smp_store_release(p, v) \ do { \ compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p); \ barrier(); \ WRITE_ONCE(*p, v); \ } while (0) #define __smp_load_acquire(p) \ ({ \ typeof(*p) ___p1 = READ_ONCE(*p); \ compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p); \ barrier(); \ ___p1; \ }) /* Atomic operations are already serializing on x86 */ #define __smp_mb__before_atomic() do { } while (0) #define __smp_mb__after_atomic() do { } while (0) #include <asm-generic/barrier.h> /* * Make previous memory operations globally visible before * a WRMSR. * * MFENCE makes writes visible, but only affects load/store * instructions. WRMSR is unfortunately not a load/store * instruction and is unaffected by MFENCE. The LFENCE ensures * that the WRMSR is not reordered. * * Most WRMSRs are full serializing instructions themselves and * do not require this barrier. This is only required for the * IA32_TSC_DEADLINE and X2APIC MSRs. */ static inline void weak_wrmsr_fence(void) { asm volatile("mfence; lfence" : : : "memory"); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_BARRIER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM sched #if !defined(_TRACE_SCHED_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SCHED_H #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> /* * Tracepoint for calling kthread_stop, performed to end a kthread: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_kthread_stop, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *t), TP_ARGS(t), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, t->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = t->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid) ); /* * Tracepoint for the return value of the kthread stopping: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_kthread_stop_ret, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%d", __entry->ret) ); /* * Tracepoint for waking up a task: */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_wakeup_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(__perf_task(p)), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) __field( int, success ) __field( int, target_cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ __entry->success = 1; /* rudiment, kill when possible */ __entry->target_cpu = task_cpu(p); ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d target_cpu=%03d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio, __entry->target_cpu) ); /* * Tracepoint called when waking a task; this tracepoint is guaranteed to be * called from the waking context. */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_waking, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint called when the task is actually woken; p->state == TASK_RUNNNG. * It is not always called from the waking context. */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for waking up a new task: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_wakeup_new, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS static inline long __trace_sched_switch_state(bool preempt, struct task_struct *p) { unsigned int state; #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG BUG_ON(p != current); #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG */ /* * Preemption ignores task state, therefore preempted tasks are always * RUNNING (we will not have dequeued if state != RUNNING). */ if (preempt) return TASK_REPORT_MAX; /* * task_state_index() uses fls() and returns a value from 0-8 range. * Decrement it by 1 (except TASK_RUNNING state i.e 0) before using * it for left shift operation to get the correct task->state * mapping. */ state = task_state_index(p); return state ? (1 << (state - 1)) : state; } #endif /* CREATE_TRACE_POINTS */ /* * Tracepoint for task switches, performed by the scheduler: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_switch, TP_PROTO(bool preempt, struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next), TP_ARGS(preempt, prev, next), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, prev_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, prev_pid ) __field( int, prev_prio ) __field( long, prev_state ) __array( char, next_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, next_pid ) __field( int, next_prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->next_comm, next->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->prev_pid = prev->pid; __entry->prev_prio = prev->prio; __entry->prev_state = __trace_sched_switch_state(preempt, prev); memcpy(__entry->prev_comm, prev->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->next_pid = next->pid; __entry->next_prio = next->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("prev_comm=%s prev_pid=%d prev_prio=%d prev_state=%s%s ==> next_comm=%s next_pid=%d next_prio=%d", __entry->prev_comm, __entry->prev_pid, __entry->prev_prio, (__entry->prev_state & (TASK_REPORT_MAX - 1)) ? __print_flags(__entry->prev_state & (TASK_REPORT_MAX - 1), "|", { TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, "S" }, { TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, "D" }, { __TASK_STOPPED, "T" }, { __TASK_TRACED, "t" }, { EXIT_DEAD, "X" }, { EXIT_ZOMBIE, "Z" }, { TASK_PARKED, "P" }, { TASK_DEAD, "I" }) : "R", __entry->prev_state & TASK_REPORT_MAX ? "+" : "", __entry->next_comm, __entry->next_pid, __entry->next_prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for a task being migrated: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_migrate_task, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p, int dest_cpu), TP_ARGS(p, dest_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) __field( int, orig_cpu ) __field( int, dest_cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ __entry->orig_cpu = task_cpu(p); __entry->dest_cpu = dest_cpu; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d orig_cpu=%d dest_cpu=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio, __entry->orig_cpu, __entry->dest_cpu) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_process_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for freeing a task: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_process_free, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for a task exiting: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_process_exit, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for waiting on task to unschedule: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_wait_task, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for a waiting task: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_wait, TP_PROTO(struct pid *pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = pid_nr(pid); __entry->prio = current->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for do_fork: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_fork, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *parent, struct task_struct *child), TP_ARGS(parent, child), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, parent_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, parent_pid ) __array( char, child_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, child_pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->parent_comm, parent->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->parent_pid = parent->pid; memcpy(__entry->child_comm, child->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->child_pid = child->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d child_comm=%s child_pid=%d", __entry->parent_comm, __entry->parent_pid, __entry->child_comm, __entry->child_pid) ); /* * Tracepoint for exec: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_exec, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p, pid_t old_pid, struct linux_binprm *bprm), TP_ARGS(p, old_pid, bprm), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( filename, bprm->filename ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( pid_t, old_pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(filename, bprm->filename); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->old_pid = old_pid; ), TP_printk("filename=%s pid=%d old_pid=%d", __get_str(filename), __entry->pid, __entry->old_pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS #define DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT DEFINE_EVENT #define DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS #else #define DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT DEFINE_EVENT_NOP #define DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_NOP #endif /* * XXX the below sched_stat tracepoints only apply to SCHED_OTHER/BATCH/IDLE * adding sched_stat support to SCHED_FIFO/RR would be welcome. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(__perf_task(tsk), __perf_count(delay)), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( u64, delay ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->delay = delay; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d delay=%Lu [ns]", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, (unsigned long long)__entry->delay) ); /* * Tracepoint for accounting wait time (time the task is runnable * but not actually running due to scheduler contention). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_wait, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting sleep time (time the task is not runnable, * including iowait, see below). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_sleep, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting iowait time (time the task is not runnable * due to waiting on IO to complete). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_iowait, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting blocked time (time the task is in uninterruptible). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_blocked, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting runtime (time the task is executing * on a CPU). */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_stat_runtime, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 runtime, u64 vruntime), TP_ARGS(tsk, __perf_count(runtime), vruntime), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( u64, runtime ) __field( u64, vruntime ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->runtime = runtime; __entry->vruntime = vruntime; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d runtime=%Lu [ns] vruntime=%Lu [ns]", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, (unsigned long long)__entry->runtime, (unsigned long long)__entry->vruntime) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_stat_runtime, sched_stat_runtime, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 runtime, u64 vruntime), TP_ARGS(tsk, runtime, vruntime)); /* * Tracepoint for showing priority inheritance modifying a tasks * priority. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_pi_setprio, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_struct *pi_task), TP_ARGS(tsk, pi_task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, oldprio ) __field( int, newprio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->oldprio = tsk->prio; __entry->newprio = pi_task ? min(tsk->normal_prio, pi_task->prio) : tsk->normal_prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE bits missing */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d oldprio=%d newprio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->oldprio, __entry->newprio) ); #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_hang, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk), TP_ARGS(tsk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid) ); #endif /* CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK */ /* * Tracks migration of tasks from one runqueue to another. Can be used to * detect if automatic NUMA balancing is bouncing between nodes. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_move_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, int src_cpu, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(tsk, src_cpu, dst_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( pid_t, tgid ) __field( pid_t, ngid ) __field( int, src_cpu ) __field( int, src_nid ) __field( int, dst_cpu ) __field( int, dst_nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task_pid_nr(tsk); __entry->tgid = task_tgid_nr(tsk); __entry->ngid = task_numa_group_id(tsk); __entry->src_cpu = src_cpu; __entry->src_nid = cpu_to_node(src_cpu); __entry->dst_cpu = dst_cpu; __entry->dst_nid = cpu_to_node(dst_cpu); ), TP_printk("pid=%d tgid=%d ngid=%d src_cpu=%d src_nid=%d dst_cpu=%d dst_nid=%d", __entry->pid, __entry->tgid, __entry->ngid, __entry->src_cpu, __entry->src_nid, __entry->dst_cpu, __entry->dst_nid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_numa_pair_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, src_pid ) __field( pid_t, src_tgid ) __field( pid_t, src_ngid ) __field( int, src_cpu ) __field( int, src_nid ) __field( pid_t, dst_pid ) __field( pid_t, dst_tgid ) __field( pid_t, dst_ngid ) __field( int, dst_cpu ) __field( int, dst_nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->src_pid = task_pid_nr(src_tsk); __entry->src_tgid = task_tgid_nr(src_tsk); __entry->src_ngid = task_numa_group_id(src_tsk); __entry->src_cpu = src_cpu; __entry->src_nid = cpu_to_node(src_cpu); __entry->dst_pid = dst_tsk ? task_pid_nr(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_tgid = dst_tsk ? task_tgid_nr(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_ngid = dst_tsk ? task_numa_group_id(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_cpu = dst_cpu; __entry->dst_nid = dst_cpu >= 0 ? cpu_to_node(dst_cpu) : -1; ), TP_printk("src_pid=%d src_tgid=%d src_ngid=%d src_cpu=%d src_nid=%d dst_pid=%d dst_tgid=%d dst_ngid=%d dst_cpu=%d dst_nid=%d", __entry->src_pid, __entry->src_tgid, __entry->src_ngid, __entry->src_cpu, __entry->src_nid, __entry->dst_pid, __entry->dst_tgid, __entry->dst_ngid, __entry->dst_cpu, __entry->dst_nid) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_numa_pair_template, sched_stick_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_numa_pair_template, sched_swap_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu) ); /* * Tracepoint for waking a polling cpu without an IPI. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_wake_idle_without_ipi, TP_PROTO(int cpu), TP_ARGS(cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->cpu = cpu; ), TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu) ); /* * Following tracepoints are not exported in tracefs and provide hooking * mechanisms only for testing and debugging purposes. * * Postfixed with _tp to make them easily identifiable in the code. */ DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_cfs_tp, TP_PROTO(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq), TP_ARGS(cfs_rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_rt_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_dl_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_thermal_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_irq_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_se_tp, TP_PROTO(struct sched_entity *se), TP_ARGS(se)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_cpu_capacity_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_overutilized_tp, TP_PROTO(struct root_domain *rd, bool overutilized), TP_ARGS(rd, overutilized)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_util_est_cfs_tp, TP_PROTO(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq), TP_ARGS(cfs_rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_util_est_se_tp, TP_PROTO(struct sched_entity *se), TP_ARGS(se)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_update_nr_running_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq, int change), TP_ARGS(rq, change)); #endif /* _TRACE_SCHED_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_MQ_SCHED_H #define BLK_MQ_SCHED_H #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-tag.h" void blk_mq_sched_assign_ioc(struct request *rq); void blk_mq_sched_request_inserted(struct request *rq); bool blk_mq_sched_try_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **merged_request); bool __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); bool blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq); void blk_mq_sched_mark_restart_hctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_sched_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_sched_insert_request(struct request *rq, bool at_head, bool run_queue, bool async); void blk_mq_sched_insert_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, struct list_head *list, bool run_queue_async); void blk_mq_sched_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); int blk_mq_init_sched(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e); void blk_mq_exit_sched(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e); void blk_mq_sched_free_requests(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { if (blk_queue_nomerges(q) || !bio_mergeable(bio)) return false; return __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(q, bio, nr_segs); } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_allow_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.allow_merge) return e->type->ops.allow_merge(q, rq, bio); return true; } static inline void blk_mq_sched_completed_request(struct request *rq, u64 now) { struct elevator_queue *e = rq->q->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.completed_request) e->type->ops.completed_request(rq, now); } static inline void blk_mq_sched_requeue_request(struct request *rq) { struct request_queue *q = rq->q; struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator; if ((rq->rq_flags & RQF_ELVPRIV) && e && e->type->ops.requeue_request) e->type->ops.requeue_request(rq); } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_has_work(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { struct elevator_queue *e = hctx->queue->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.has_work) return e->type->ops.has_work(hctx); return false; } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_needs_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { return test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_SCHED_RESTART, &hctx->state); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_IP6_ROUTE_H #define _NET_IP6_ROUTE_H struct route_info { __u8 type; __u8 length; __u8 prefix_len; #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 reserved_h:3, route_pref:2, reserved_l:3; #elif defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 reserved_l:3, route_pref:2, reserved_h:3; #endif __be32 lifetime; __u8 prefix[]; /* 0,8 or 16 */ }; #include <net/addrconf.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/route.h> #include <net/nexthop.h> #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_IFACE 0x00000001 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE 0x00000002 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_HAS_SADDR 0x00000004 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_TMP 0x00000008 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_PUBLIC 0x00000010 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_COA 0x00000020 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_IGNORE_LINKSTATE 0x00000040 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_DST_NOREF 0x00000080 /* We do not (yet ?) support IPv6 jumbograms (RFC 2675) * Unlike IPv4, hdr->seg_len doesn't include the IPv6 header */ #define IP6_MAX_MTU (0xFFFF + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr)) /* * rt6_srcprefs2flags() and rt6_flags2srcprefs() translate * between IPV6_ADDR_PREFERENCES socket option values * IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP = 0x1 * IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC = 0x2 * IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA = 0x4 * and above RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_xxx flags. */ static inline int rt6_srcprefs2flags(unsigned int srcprefs) { /* No need to bitmask because srcprefs have only 3 bits. */ return srcprefs << 3; } static inline unsigned int rt6_flags2srcprefs(int flags) { return (flags >> 3) & 7; } static inline bool rt6_need_strict(const struct in6_addr *daddr) { return ipv6_addr_type(daddr) & (IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST | IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL | IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK); } /* fib entries using a nexthop object can not be coalesced into * a multipath route */ static inline bool rt6_qualify_for_ecmp(const struct fib6_info *f6i) { /* the RTF_ADDRCONF flag filters out RA's */ return !(f6i->fib6_flags & RTF_ADDRCONF) && !f6i->nh && f6i->fib6_nh->fib_nh_gw_family; } void ip6_route_input(struct sk_buff *skb); struct dst_entry *ip6_route_input_lookup(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); struct dst_entry *ip6_route_output_flags_noref(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, int flags); struct dst_entry *ip6_route_output_flags(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, int flags); static inline struct dst_entry *ip6_route_output(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6) { return ip6_route_output_flags(net, sk, fl6, 0); } /* Only conditionally release dst if flags indicates * !RT6_LOOKUP_F_DST_NOREF or dst is in uncached_list. */ static inline void ip6_rt_put_flags(struct rt6_info *rt, int flags) { if (!(flags & RT6_LOOKUP_F_DST_NOREF) || !list_empty(&rt->rt6i_uncached)) ip6_rt_put(rt); } struct dst_entry *ip6_route_lookup(struct net *net, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); struct rt6_info *ip6_pol_route(struct net *net, struct fib6_table *table, int ifindex, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); void ip6_route_init_special_entries(void); int ip6_route_init(void); void ip6_route_cleanup(void); int ipv6_route_ioctl(struct net *net, unsigned int cmd, struct in6_rtmsg *rtmsg); int ip6_route_add(struct fib6_config *cfg, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int ip6_ins_rt(struct net *net, struct fib6_info *f6i); int ip6_del_rt(struct net *net, struct fib6_info *f6i, bool skip_notify); void rt6_flush_exceptions(struct fib6_info *f6i); void rt6_age_exceptions(struct fib6_info *f6i, struct fib6_gc_args *gc_args, unsigned long now); static inline int ip6_route_get_saddr(struct net *net, struct fib6_info *f6i, const struct in6_addr *daddr, unsigned int prefs, struct in6_addr *saddr) { int err = 0; if (f6i && f6i->fib6_prefsrc.plen) { *saddr = f6i->fib6_prefsrc.addr; } else { struct net_device *dev = f6i ? fib6_info_nh_dev(f6i) : NULL; err = ipv6_dev_get_saddr(net, dev, daddr, prefs, saddr); } return err; } struct rt6_info *rt6_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr, int oif, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); u32 rt6_multipath_hash(const struct net *net, const struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *hkeys); struct dst_entry *icmp6_dst_alloc(struct net_device *dev, struct flowi6 *fl6); void fib6_force_start_gc(struct net *net); struct fib6_info *addrconf_f6i_alloc(struct net *net, struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr, bool anycast, gfp_t gfp_flags); struct rt6_info *ip6_dst_alloc(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, int flags); /* * support functions for ND * */ struct fib6_info *rt6_get_dflt_router(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr, struct net_device *dev); struct fib6_info *rt6_add_dflt_router(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *gwaddr, struct net_device *dev, unsigned int pref); void rt6_purge_dflt_routers(struct net *net); int rt6_route_rcv(struct net_device *dev, u8 *opt, int len, const struct in6_addr *gwaddr); void ip6_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, __be32 mtu, int oif, u32 mark, kuid_t uid); void ip6_sk_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, __be32 mtu); void ip6_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, int oif, u32 mark, kuid_t uid); void ip6_redirect_no_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, int oif); void ip6_sk_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk); struct netlink_callback; struct rt6_rtnl_dump_arg { struct sk_buff *skb; struct netlink_callback *cb; struct net *net; struct fib_dump_filter filter; }; int rt6_dump_route(struct fib6_info *f6i, void *p_arg, unsigned int skip); void rt6_mtu_change(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int mtu); void rt6_remove_prefsrc(struct inet6_ifaddr *ifp); void rt6_clean_tohost(struct net *net, struct in6_addr *gateway); void rt6_sync_up(struct net_device *dev, unsigned char nh_flags); void rt6_disable_ip(struct net_device *dev, unsigned long event); void rt6_sync_down_dev(struct net_device *dev, unsigned long event); void rt6_multipath_rebalance(struct fib6_info *f6i); void rt6_uncached_list_add(struct rt6_info *rt); void rt6_uncached_list_del(struct rt6_info *rt); static inline const struct rt6_info *skb_rt6_info(const struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); const struct rt6_info *rt6 = NULL; if (dst) rt6 = container_of(dst, struct rt6_info, dst); return rt6; } /* * Store a destination cache entry in a socket */ static inline void ip6_dst_store(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); np->dst_cookie = rt6_get_cookie((struct rt6_info *)dst); sk_setup_caps(sk, dst); np->daddr_cache = daddr; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SUBTREES np->saddr_cache = saddr; #endif } void ip6_sk_dst_store_flow(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, const struct flowi6 *fl6); static inline bool ipv6_unicast_destination(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rt6_info *rt = (struct rt6_info *) skb_dst(skb); return rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_LOCAL; } static inline bool ipv6_anycast_destination(const struct dst_entry *dst, const struct in6_addr *daddr) { struct rt6_info *rt = (struct rt6_info *)dst; return rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_ANYCAST || (rt->rt6i_dst.plen < 127 && !(rt->rt6i_flags & (RTF_GATEWAY | RTF_NONEXTHOP)) && ipv6_addr_equal(&rt->rt6i_dst.addr, daddr)); } int ip6_fragment(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int (*output)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); static inline unsigned int ip6_skb_dst_mtu(struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int mtu; struct ipv6_pinfo *np = skb->sk && !dev_recursion_level() ? inet6_sk(skb->sk) : NULL; if (np && np->pmtudisc >= IPV6_PMTUDISC_PROBE) { mtu = READ_ONCE(skb_dst(skb)->dev->mtu); mtu -= lwtunnel_headroom(skb_dst(skb)->lwtstate, mtu); } else mtu = dst_mtu(skb_dst(skb)); return mtu; } static inline bool ip6_sk_accept_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IPV6_PMTUDISC_INTERFACE && inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IPV6_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline bool ip6_sk_ignore_df(const struct sock *sk) { return inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IPV6_PMTUDISC_DO || inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc == IPV6_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline const struct in6_addr *rt6_nexthop(const struct rt6_info *rt, const struct in6_addr *daddr) { if (rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_GATEWAY) return &rt->rt6i_gateway; else if (unlikely(rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_CACHE)) return &rt->rt6i_dst.addr; else return daddr; } static inline bool rt6_duplicate_nexthop(struct fib6_info *a, struct fib6_info *b) { struct fib6_nh *nha, *nhb; if (a->nh || b->nh) return nexthop_cmp(a->nh, b->nh); nha = a->fib6_nh; nhb = b->fib6_nh; return nha->fib_nh_dev == nhb->fib_nh_dev && ipv6_addr_equal(&nha->fib_nh_gw6, &nhb->fib_nh_gw6) && !lwtunnel_cmp_encap(nha->fib_nh_lws, nhb->fib_nh_lws); } static inline unsigned int ip6_dst_mtu_forward(const struct dst_entry *dst) { struct inet6_dev *idev; unsigned int mtu; if (dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_MTU)) { mtu = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_MTU); if (mtu) goto out; } mtu = IPV6_MIN_MTU; rcu_read_lock(); idev = __in6_dev_get(dst->dev); if (idev) mtu = idev->cnf.mtu6; rcu_read_unlock(); out: return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(dst->lwtstate, mtu); } u32 ip6_mtu_from_fib6(const struct fib6_result *res, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr); struct neighbour *ip6_neigh_lookup(const struct in6_addr *gw, struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_INTERNAL_H #define BLK_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include "blk-crypto-internal.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" /* Max future timer expiry for timeouts */ #define BLK_MAX_TIMEOUT (5 * HZ) extern struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; struct blk_flush_queue { unsigned int flush_pending_idx:1; unsigned int flush_running_idx:1; blk_status_t rq_status; unsigned long flush_pending_since; struct list_head flush_queue[2]; struct list_head flush_data_in_flight; struct request *flush_rq; struct lock_class_key key; spinlock_t mq_flush_lock; }; extern struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; extern struct kobj_type blk_queue_ktype; extern struct ida blk_queue_ida; static inline struct blk_flush_queue * blk_get_flush_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { return blk_mq_map_queue(q, REQ_OP_FLUSH, ctx)->fq; } static inline void __blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_get(&q->kobj); } bool is_flush_rq(struct request *req); struct blk_flush_queue *blk_alloc_flush_queue(int node, int cmd_size, gfp_t flags); void blk_free_flush_queue(struct blk_flush_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool biovec_phys_mergeable(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *vec1, struct bio_vec *vec2) { unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(vec1->bv_page) + vec1->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(vec2->bv_page) + vec2->bv_offset; if (addr1 + vec1->bv_len != addr2) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(vec1, vec2->bv_page)) return false; if ((addr1 | mask) != ((addr2 + vec2->bv_len - 1) | mask)) return false; return true; } static inline bool __bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { return (offset & queue_virt_boundary(q)) || ((bprv->bv_offset + bprv->bv_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q)); } /* * Check if adding a bio_vec after bprv with offset would create a gap in * the SG list. Most drivers don't care about this, but some do. */ static inline bool bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { if (!queue_virt_boundary(q)) return false; return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bprv, offset); } static inline void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { rq->nr_phys_segments = nr_segs; rq->__data_len = bio->bi_iter.bi_size; rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; rq->ioprio = bio_prio(bio); if (bio->bi_disk) rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_disk; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY void blk_flush_integrity(void); bool __bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *); void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio); static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) return __bio_integrity_endio(bio); return true; } bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct request *); bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct bio *); static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(req->bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(next); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(req->bio); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *); void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r1, struct request *r2) { return true; } static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r, struct bio *b) { return true; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { return false; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { return false; } static inline void blk_flush_integrity(void) { } static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *disk) { } static inline void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ unsigned long blk_rq_timeout(unsigned long timeout); void blk_add_timer(struct request *req); bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **same_queue_rq); bool blk_bio_list_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); void blk_account_io_start(struct request *req); void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now); /* * Internal elevator interface */ #define ELV_ON_HASH(rq) ((rq)->rq_flags & RQF_HASHED) void blk_insert_flush(struct request *rq); void elevator_init_mq(struct request_queue *q); int elevator_switch_mq(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *new_e); void __elevator_exit(struct request_queue *, struct elevator_queue *); int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q, bool uevent); void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline void elevator_exit(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->sysfs_lock); blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); __elevator_exit(q, e); } struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); ssize_t part_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_stat_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_inflight_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t part_timeout_show(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, char *); ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, const char *, size_t); void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs); int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct request *next); unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq); void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq); bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); int blk_dev_init(void); /* * Contribute to IO statistics IFF: * * a) it's attached to a gendisk, and * b) the queue had IO stats enabled when this request was started */ static inline bool blk_do_io_stat(struct request *rq) { return rq->rq_disk && (rq->rq_flags & RQF_IO_STAT); } static inline void req_set_nomerge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req) { req->cmd_flags |= REQ_NOMERGE; if (req == q->last_merge) q->last_merge = NULL; } /* * The max size one bio can handle is UINT_MAX becasue bvec_iter.bi_size * is defined as 'unsigned int', meantime it has to aligned to with logical * block size which is the minimum accepted unit by hardware. */ static inline unsigned int bio_allowed_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, queue_logical_block_size(q)) >> 9; } /* * The max bio size which is aligned to q->limits.discard_granularity. This * is a hint to split large discard bio in generic block layer, then if device * driver needs to split the discard bio into smaller ones, their bi_size can * be very probably and easily aligned to discard_granularity of the device's * queue. */ static inline unsigned int bio_aligned_discard_max_sectors( struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, q->limits.discard_granularity) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Internal io_context interface */ void get_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); struct io_cq *ioc_lookup_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q); struct io_cq *ioc_create_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q, gfp_t gfp_mask); void ioc_clear_queue(struct request_queue *q); int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node); /* * Internal throttling interface */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio); bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio) { } static inline bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page); extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count); extern void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time); #else static inline void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BOUNCE extern int init_emergency_isa_pool(void); extern void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio); #else static inline int init_emergency_isa_pool(void) { return 0; } static inline void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BOUNCE */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOLATENCY extern int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_pages, gfp_t gfp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q) {} #endif struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector); int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt); void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt); void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt); char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf); #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE 0 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID 1 #define ADDPART_FLAG_WHOLEDISK 2 void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part); int bdev_add_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno); int bdev_resize_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int target); int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part); /* no need to get/put refcount of part0 */ static inline int hd_struct_try_get(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) return percpu_ref_tryget_live(&part->ref); return 1; } static inline void hd_struct_put(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) percpu_ref_put(&part->ref); } static inline void hd_free_part(struct hd_struct *part) { free_percpu(part->dkstats); kfree(part->info); percpu_ref_exit(&part->ref); } /* * Any access of part->nr_sects which is not protected by partition * bd_mutex or gendisk bdev bd_mutex, should be done using this * accessor function. * * Code written along the lines of i_size_read() and i_size_write(). * CONFIG_PREEMPTION case optimizes the case of UP kernel with preemption * on. */ static inline sector_t part_nr_sects_read(struct hd_struct *part) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) sector_t nr_sects; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&part->nr_sects_seq, seq)); return nr_sects; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) sector_t nr_sects; preempt_disable(); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; preempt_enable(); return nr_sects; #else return part->nr_sects; #endif } /* * Should be called with mutex lock held (typically bd_mutex) of partition * to provide mutual exlusion among writers otherwise seqcount might be * left in wrong state leaving the readers spinning infinitely. */ static inline void part_nr_sects_write(struct hd_struct *part, sector_t size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); part->nr_sects = size; write_seqcount_end(&part->nr_sects_seq); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); part->nr_sects = size; preempt_enable(); #else part->nr_sects = size; #endif } int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page); #endif /* BLK_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Symmetric key ciphers. * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #define _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * struct skcipher_request - Symmetric key cipher request * @cryptlen: Number of bytes to encrypt or decrypt * @iv: Initialisation Vector * @src: Source SG list * @dst: Destination SG list * @base: Underlying async request * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct skcipher_request { unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; struct crypto_async_request base; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_skcipher { unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_sync_skcipher { struct crypto_skcipher base; }; /** * struct skcipher_alg - symmetric key cipher definition * @min_keysize: Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * smallest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @max_keysize: Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * largest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @setkey: Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either * program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the * transformation context for programming it later. Note that this * function does modify the transformation context. This function can * be called multiple times during the existence of the transformation * object, so one must make sure the key is properly reprogrammed into * the hardware. This function is also responsible for checking the key * length for validity. In case a software fallback was put in place in * the @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. * @encrypt: Encrypt a scatterlist of blocks. This function is used to encrypt * the supplied scatterlist containing the blocks of data. The crypto * API consumer is responsible for aligning the entries of the * scatterlist properly and making sure the chunks are correctly * sized. In case a software fallback was put in place in the * @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. In case the * key was stored in transformation context, the key might need to be * re-programmed into the hardware in this function. This function * shall not modify the transformation context, as this function may * be called in parallel with the same transformation object. * @decrypt: Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to @encrypt * and the conditions are exactly the same. * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @ivsize: IV size applicable for transformation. The consumer must provide an * IV of exactly that size to perform the encrypt or decrypt operation. * @chunksize: Equal to the block size except for stream ciphers such as * CTR where it is set to the underlying block size. * @walksize: Equal to the chunk size except in cases where the algorithm is * considerably more efficient if it can operate on multiple chunks * in parallel. Should be a multiple of chunksize. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize are mandatory and must be filled. */ struct skcipher_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*encrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); unsigned int min_keysize; unsigned int max_keysize; unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int chunksize; unsigned int walksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; #define MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE 384 /* * This performs a type-check against the "tfm" argument to make sure * all users have the correct skcipher tfm for doing on-stack requests. */ #define SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQUEST_ON_STACK(name, tfm) \ char __##name##_desc[sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + \ MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE + \ (!(sizeof((struct crypto_sync_skcipher *)1 == \ (typeof(tfm))1))) \ ] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; \ struct skcipher_request *name = (void *)__##name##_desc /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher API * * Symmetric key cipher API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER (listed as type "skcipher" in /proc/crypto). * * Asynchronous cipher operations imply that the function invocation for a * cipher request returns immediately before the completion of the operation. * The cipher request is scheduled as a separate kernel thread and therefore * load-balanced on the different CPUs via the process scheduler. To allow * the kernel crypto API to inform the caller about the completion of a cipher * request, the caller must provide a callback function. That function is * invoked with the cipher handle when the request completes. * * To support the asynchronous operation, additional information than just the * cipher handle must be supplied to the kernel crypto API. That additional * information is given by filling in the skcipher_request data structure. * * For the symmetric key cipher API, the state is maintained with the tfm * cipher handle. A single tfm can be used across multiple calls and in * parallel. For asynchronous block cipher calls, context data supplied and * only used by the caller can be referenced the request data structure in * addition to the IV used for the cipher request. The maintenance of such * state information would be important for a crypto driver implementer to * have, because when calling the callback function upon completion of the * cipher operation, that callback function may need some information about * which operation just finished if it invoked multiple in parallel. This * state information is unused by the kernel crypto API. */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *__crypto_skcipher_cast( struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_skcipher() - allocate symmetric key cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an skcipher. The returned struct * crypto_skcipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that skcipher. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_alloc_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_alloc_sync_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_skcipher_tfm( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_skcipher() - zeroize and free cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_skcipher(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_free_sync_skcipher(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_free_skcipher(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_has_skcipher() - Search for the availability of an skcipher. * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher * @type: specifies the type of the skcipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the skcipher * * Return: true when the skcipher is known to the kernel crypto API; false * otherwise */ int crypto_has_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline const char *crypto_skcipher_driver_name( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct skcipher_alg *crypto_skcipher_alg( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct skcipher_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_ivsize(struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the skcipher referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_ivsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->ivsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_ivsize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_ivsize(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the skcipher referenced with the cipher handle is * returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate * memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize( struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->chunksize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_chunksize() - obtain chunk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size is set to one for ciphers such as CTR. However, * you still need to provide incremental updates in multiples of * the underlying block size as the IV does not have sub-block * granularity. This is known in this API as the chunk size. * * Return: chunk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_chunksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize(crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_blocksize(&tfm->base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alignmask( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_skcipher_get_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_set_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline u32 crypto_sync_skcipher_get_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_get_flags(&tfm->base); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_set_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_set_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_clear_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } /** * crypto_skcipher_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the skcipher referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); static inline int crypto_sync_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen) { return crypto_skcipher_setkey(&tfm->base, key, keylen); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_min_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->min_keysize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_max_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->max_keysize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_reqtfm() - obtain cipher handle from request * @req: skcipher_request out of which the cipher handle is to be obtained * * Return the crypto_skcipher handle when furnishing an skcipher_request * data structure. * * Return: crypto_skcipher handle */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { return __crypto_skcipher_cast(req->base.tfm); } static inline struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_sync_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_sync_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_encrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * crypto_skcipher_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_decrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher Request Handle * * The skcipher_request data structure contains all pointers to data * required for the symmetric key cipher operation. This includes the cipher * handle (which can be used by multiple skcipher_request instances), pointer * to plaintext and ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts * as a handle to the skcipher_request_* API calls in a similar way as * skcipher handle to the crypto_skcipher_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_skcipher_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_reqsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * skcipher_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing skcipher handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm); } static inline void skcipher_request_set_sync_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, &tfm->base); } static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct skcipher_request, base); } /** * skcipher_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the skcipher * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided skcipher * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_alloc( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct skcipher_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * skcipher_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void skcipher_request_free(struct skcipher_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } static inline void skcipher_request_zero(struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); memzero_explicit(req, sizeof(*req) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm)); } /** * skcipher_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once the * cipher operation completes. * * The callback function is registered with the skcipher_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_callback(struct skcipher_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * skcipher_request_set_crypt() - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_skcipher_ivsize * * This function allows setting of the source data and destination data * scatter / gather lists. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_crypt( struct skcipher_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, void *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SHMEM_FS_H #define __SHMEM_FS_H #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> /* inode in-kernel data */ struct shmem_inode_info { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int seals; /* shmem seals */ unsigned long flags; unsigned long alloced; /* data pages alloced to file */ unsigned long swapped; /* subtotal assigned to swap */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* shrinkable hpage inodes */ struct list_head swaplist; /* chain of maybes on swap */ struct shared_policy policy; /* NUMA memory alloc policy */ struct simple_xattrs xattrs; /* list of xattrs */ atomic_t stop_eviction; /* hold when working on inode */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct shmem_sb_info { unsigned long max_blocks; /* How many blocks are allowed */ struct percpu_counter used_blocks; /* How many are allocated */ unsigned long max_inodes; /* How many inodes are allowed */ unsigned long free_inodes; /* How many are left for allocation */ spinlock_t stat_lock; /* Serialize shmem_sb_info changes */ umode_t mode; /* Mount mode for root directory */ unsigned char huge; /* Whether to try for hugepages */ kuid_t uid; /* Mount uid for root directory */ kgid_t gid; /* Mount gid for root directory */ bool full_inums; /* If i_ino should be uint or ino_t */ ino_t next_ino; /* The next per-sb inode number to use */ ino_t __percpu *ino_batch; /* The next per-cpu inode number to use */ struct mempolicy *mpol; /* default memory policy for mappings */ spinlock_t shrinklist_lock; /* Protects shrinklist */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* List of shinkable inodes */ unsigned long shrinklist_len; /* Length of shrinklist */ }; static inline struct shmem_inode_info *SHMEM_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct shmem_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * Functions in mm/shmem.c called directly from elsewhere: */ extern const struct fs_parameter_spec shmem_fs_parameters[]; extern int shmem_init(void); extern int shmem_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_kernel_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup_with_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *); extern unsigned long shmem_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); #else static inline bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SHMEM */ extern void shmem_unlock_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int shmem_unuse(unsigned int type, bool frontswap, unsigned long *fs_pages_to_unuse); extern bool shmem_huge_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_swap_usage(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_partial_swap_usage(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); /* Flag allocation requirements to shmem_getpage */ enum sgp_type { SGP_READ, /* don't exceed i_size, don't allocate page */ SGP_CACHE, /* don't exceed i_size, may allocate page */ SGP_NOHUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, but no huge pages */ SGP_HUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, huge pages preferred */ SGP_WRITE, /* may exceed i_size, may allocate !Uptodate page */ SGP_FALLOC, /* like SGP_WRITE, but make existing page Uptodate */ }; extern int shmem_getpage(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index, struct page **pagep, enum sgp_type sgp); static inline struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page( struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } static inline bool shmem_file(struct file *file) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHMEM)) return false; if (!file || !file->f_mapping) return false; return shmem_mapping(file->f_mapping); } extern bool shmem_charge(struct inode *inode, long pages); extern void shmem_uncharge(struct inode *inode, long pages); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern int shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr, unsigned long src_addr, struct page **pagep); extern int shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr); #else #define shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(dst_mm, dst_pte, dst_vma, dst_addr, \ src_addr, pagep) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #define shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_vma, \ dst_addr) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM rtc #if !defined(_TRACE_RTC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RTC_H #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_time_alarm_class, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(time64_t, secs) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->secs = secs; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("UTC (%lld) (%d)", __entry->secs, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_freq, TP_PROTO(int freq, int err), TP_ARGS(freq, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, freq) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->freq = freq; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("set RTC periodic IRQ frequency:%u (%d)", __entry->freq, __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_state, TP_PROTO(int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC 2^N Hz periodic IRQs (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_alarm_irq_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC alarm IRQ (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_offset_class, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, offset) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->offset = offset; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("RTC offset: %ld (%d)", __entry->offset, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_set_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_read_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_timer_class, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct rtc_timer *, timer) __field(ktime_t, expires) __field(ktime_t, period) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->timer = timer; __entry->expires = timer->node.expires; __entry->period = timer->period; ), TP_printk("RTC timer:(%p) expires:%lld period:%lld", __entry->timer, __entry->expires, __entry->period ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_fired, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RTC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #define _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/err.h> #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS 5 #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_EXTENTS 340 struct uid_gid_extent { u32 first; u32 lower_first; u32 count; }; struct uid_gid_map { /* 64 bytes -- 1 cache line */ u32 nr_extents; union { struct uid_gid_extent extent[UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS]; struct { struct uid_gid_extent *forward; struct uid_gid_extent *reverse; }; }; }; #define USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED 1UL #define USERNS_INIT_FLAGS USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED struct ucounts; enum ucount_type { UCOUNT_USER_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_PID_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_UTS_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_IPC_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_NET_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_CGROUP_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_TIME_NAMESPACES, #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES, #endif UCOUNT_COUNTS, }; struct user_namespace { struct uid_gid_map uid_map; struct uid_gid_map gid_map; struct uid_gid_map projid_map; atomic_t count; struct user_namespace *parent; int level; kuid_t owner; kgid_t group; struct ns_common ns; unsigned long flags; /* parent_could_setfcap: true if the creator if this ns had CAP_SETFCAP * in its effective capability set at the child ns creation time. */ bool parent_could_setfcap; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* List of joinable keyrings in this namespace. Modification access of * these pointers is controlled by keyring_sem. Once * user_keyring_register is set, it won't be changed, so it can be * accessed directly with READ_ONCE(). */ struct list_head keyring_name_list; struct key *user_keyring_register; struct rw_semaphore keyring_sem; #endif /* Register of per-UID persistent keyrings for this namespace */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS struct key *persistent_keyring_register; #endif struct work_struct work; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set set; struct ctl_table_header *sysctls; #endif struct ucounts *ucounts; int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; } __randomize_layout; struct ucounts { struct hlist_node node; struct user_namespace *ns; kuid_t uid; int count; atomic_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; }; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; bool setup_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); void retire_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, enum ucount_type type); void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type); #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns) atomic_inc(&ns->count); return ns; } extern int create_user_ns(struct cred *new); extern int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred); extern void __put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns); static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns && atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) __put_user_ns(ns); } struct seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_uid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_gid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_projid_seq_operations; extern ssize_t proc_uid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_gid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_projid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_setgroups_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern int proc_setgroups_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); extern bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns); extern bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child); extern bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns); struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns); #else static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { return &init_user_ns; } static inline int create_user_ns(struct cred *new) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred) { if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { } static inline bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns) { return true; } static inline bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child) { return true; } static inline bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns) { return true; } static inline struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_USER_H */