1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Internal procfs definitions * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> struct ctl_table_header; struct mempolicy; /* * This is not completely implemented yet. The idea is to * create an in-memory tree (like the actual /proc filesystem * tree) of these proc_dir_entries, so that we can dynamically * add new files to /proc. * * parent/subdir are used for the directory structure (every /proc file has a * parent, but "subdir" is empty for all non-directory entries). * subdir_node is used to build the rb tree "subdir" of the parent. */ struct proc_dir_entry { /* * number of callers into module in progress; * negative -> it's going away RSN */ atomic_t in_use; refcount_t refcnt; struct list_head pde_openers; /* who did ->open, but not ->release */ /* protects ->pde_openers and all struct pde_opener instances */ spinlock_t pde_unload_lock; struct completion *pde_unload_completion; const struct inode_operations *proc_iops; union { const struct proc_ops *proc_ops; const struct file_operations *proc_dir_ops; }; const struct dentry_operations *proc_dops; union { const struct seq_operations *seq_ops; int (*single_show)(struct seq_file *, void *); }; proc_write_t write; void *data; unsigned int state_size; unsigned int low_ino; nlink_t nlink; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; loff_t size; struct proc_dir_entry *parent; struct rb_root subdir; struct rb_node subdir_node; char *name; umode_t mode; u8 flags; u8 namelen; char inline_name[]; } __randomize_layout; #define SIZEOF_PDE ( \ sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry) < 128 ? 128 : \ sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry) < 192 ? 192 : \ sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry) < 256 ? 256 : \ sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry) < 512 ? 512 : \ 0) #define SIZEOF_PDE_INLINE_NAME (SIZEOF_PDE - sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry)) static inline bool pde_is_permanent(const struct proc_dir_entry *pde) { return pde->flags & PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT; } extern struct kmem_cache *proc_dir_entry_cache; void pde_free(struct proc_dir_entry *pde); union proc_op { int (*proc_get_link)(struct dentry *, struct path *); int (*proc_show)(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task); const char *lsm; }; struct proc_inode { struct pid *pid; unsigned int fd; union proc_op op; struct proc_dir_entry *pde; struct ctl_table_header *sysctl; struct ctl_table *sysctl_entry; struct hlist_node sibling_inodes; const struct proc_ns_operations *ns_ops; struct inode vfs_inode; } __randomize_layout; /* * General functions */ static inline struct proc_inode *PROC_I(const struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct proc_inode, vfs_inode); } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *PDE(const struct inode *inode) { return PROC_I(inode)->pde; } static inline void *__PDE_DATA(const struct inode *inode) { return PDE(inode)->data; } static inline struct pid *proc_pid(const struct inode *inode) { return PROC_I(inode)->pid; } static inline struct task_struct *get_proc_task(const struct inode *inode) { return get_pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID); } void task_dump_owner(struct task_struct *task, umode_t mode, kuid_t *ruid, kgid_t *rgid); unsigned name_to_int(const struct qstr *qstr); /* * Offset of the first process in the /proc root directory.. */ #define FIRST_PROCESS_ENTRY 256 /* Worst case buffer size needed for holding an integer. */ #define PROC_NUMBUF 13 /* * array.c */ extern const struct file_operations proc_tid_children_operations; extern void proc_task_name(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *p, bool escape); extern int proc_tid_stat(struct seq_file *, struct pid_namespace *, struct pid *, struct task_struct *); extern int proc_tgid_stat(struct seq_file *, struct pid_namespace *, struct pid *, struct task_struct *); extern int proc_pid_status(struct seq_file *, struct pid_namespace *, struct pid *, struct task_struct *); extern int proc_pid_statm(struct seq_file *, struct pid_namespace *, struct pid *, struct task_struct *); /* * base.c */ extern const struct dentry_operations pid_dentry_operations; extern int pid_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int proc_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern void proc_pid_evict_inode(struct proc_inode *); extern struct inode *proc_pid_make_inode(struct super_block *, struct task_struct *, umode_t); extern void pid_update_inode(struct task_struct *, struct inode *); extern int pid_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern int proc_pid_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); struct dentry *proc_pid_lookup(struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern loff_t mem_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); /* Lookups */ typedef struct dentry *instantiate_t(struct dentry *, struct task_struct *, const void *); bool proc_fill_cache(struct file *, struct dir_context *, const char *, unsigned int, instantiate_t, struct task_struct *, const void *); /* * generic.c */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_reg(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry **parent, void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_register(struct proc_dir_entry *dir, struct proc_dir_entry *dp); extern struct dentry *proc_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); struct dentry *proc_lookup_de(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern int proc_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int proc_readdir_de(struct file *, struct dir_context *, struct proc_dir_entry *); static inline struct proc_dir_entry *pde_get(struct proc_dir_entry *pde) { refcount_inc(&pde->refcnt); return pde; } extern void pde_put(struct proc_dir_entry *); static inline bool is_empty_pde(const struct proc_dir_entry *pde) { return S_ISDIR(pde->mode) && !pde->proc_iops; } extern ssize_t proc_simple_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); /* * inode.c */ struct pde_opener { struct list_head lh; struct file *file; bool closing; struct completion *c; } __randomize_layout; extern const struct inode_operations proc_link_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations proc_pid_link_inode_operations; extern const struct super_operations proc_sops; void proc_init_kmemcache(void); void proc_invalidate_siblings_dcache(struct hlist_head *inodes, spinlock_t *lock); void set_proc_pid_nlink(void); extern struct inode *proc_get_inode(struct super_block *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern void proc_entry_rundown(struct proc_dir_entry *); /* * proc_namespaces.c */ extern const struct inode_operations proc_ns_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_ns_dir_operations; /* * proc_net.c */ extern const struct file_operations proc_net_operations; extern const struct inode_operations proc_net_inode_operations; #ifdef CONFIG_NET extern int proc_net_init(void); #else static inline int proc_net_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* * proc_self.c */ extern int proc_setup_self(struct super_block *); /* * proc_thread_self.c */ extern int proc_setup_thread_self(struct super_block *); extern void proc_thread_self_init(void); /* * proc_sysctl.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_SYSCTL extern int proc_sys_init(void); extern void proc_sys_evict_inode(struct inode *inode, struct ctl_table_header *head); #else static inline void proc_sys_init(void) { } static inline void proc_sys_evict_inode(struct inode *inode, struct ctl_table_header *head) { } #endif /* * proc_tty.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_TTY extern void proc_tty_init(void); #else static inline void proc_tty_init(void) {} #endif /* * root.c */ extern struct proc_dir_entry proc_root; extern void proc_self_init(void); /* * task_[no]mmu.c */ struct mem_size_stats; struct proc_maps_private { struct inode *inode; struct task_struct *task; struct mm_struct *mm; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_area_struct *tail_vma; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct mempolicy *task_mempolicy; #endif } __randomize_layout; struct mm_struct *proc_mem_open(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode); extern const struct file_operations proc_pid_maps_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_pid_numa_maps_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_pid_smaps_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_pid_smaps_rollup_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_clear_refs_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_pagemap_operations; extern unsigned long task_vsize(struct mm_struct *); extern unsigned long task_statm(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long *, unsigned long *, unsigned long *, unsigned long *); extern void task_mem(struct seq_file *, struct mm_struct *); extern const struct dentry_operations proc_net_dentry_ops; static inline void pde_force_lookup(struct proc_dir_entry *pde) { /* /proc/net/ entries can be changed under us by setns(CLONE_NEWNET) */ pde->proc_dops = &proc_net_dentry_ops; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * 25-Jul-1998 Major changes to allow for ip chain table * * 3-Jan-2000 Named tables to allow packet selection for different uses. */ /* * Format of an IP6 firewall descriptor * * src, dst, src_mask, dst_mask are always stored in network byte order. * flags are stored in host byte order (of course). * Port numbers are stored in HOST byte order. */ #ifndef _UAPI_IP6_TABLES_H #define _UAPI_IP6_TABLES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv6.h> #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #ifndef __KERNEL__ #define IP6T_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN XT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN #define IP6T_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN #define ip6t_match xt_match #define ip6t_target xt_target #define ip6t_table xt_table #define ip6t_get_revision xt_get_revision #define ip6t_entry_match xt_entry_match #define ip6t_entry_target xt_entry_target #define ip6t_standard_target xt_standard_target #define ip6t_error_target xt_error_target #define ip6t_counters xt_counters #define IP6T_CONTINUE XT_CONTINUE #define IP6T_RETURN XT_RETURN /* Pre-iptables-1.4.0 */ #include <linux/netfilter/xt_tcpudp.h> #define ip6t_tcp xt_tcp #define ip6t_udp xt_udp #define IP6T_TCP_INV_SRCPT XT_TCP_INV_SRCPT #define IP6T_TCP_INV_DSTPT XT_TCP_INV_DSTPT #define IP6T_TCP_INV_FLAGS XT_TCP_INV_FLAGS #define IP6T_TCP_INV_OPTION XT_TCP_INV_OPTION #define IP6T_TCP_INV_MASK XT_TCP_INV_MASK #define IP6T_UDP_INV_SRCPT XT_UDP_INV_SRCPT #define IP6T_UDP_INV_DSTPT XT_UDP_INV_DSTPT #define IP6T_UDP_INV_MASK XT_UDP_INV_MASK #define ip6t_counters_info xt_counters_info #define IP6T_STANDARD_TARGET XT_STANDARD_TARGET #define IP6T_ERROR_TARGET XT_ERROR_TARGET #define IP6T_MATCH_ITERATE(e, fn, args...) \ XT_MATCH_ITERATE(struct ip6t_entry, e, fn, ## args) #define IP6T_ENTRY_ITERATE(entries, size, fn, args...) \ XT_ENTRY_ITERATE(struct ip6t_entry, entries, size, fn, ## args) #endif /* Yes, Virginia, you have to zero the padding. */ struct ip6t_ip6 { /* Source and destination IP6 addr */ struct in6_addr src, dst; /* Mask for src and dest IP6 addr */ struct in6_addr smsk, dmsk; char iniface[IFNAMSIZ], outiface[IFNAMSIZ]; unsigned char iniface_mask[IFNAMSIZ], outiface_mask[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Upper protocol number * - The allowed value is 0 (any) or protocol number of last parsable * header, which is 50 (ESP), 59 (No Next Header), 135 (MH), or * the non IPv6 extension headers. * - The protocol numbers of IPv6 extension headers except of ESP and * MH do not match any packets. * - You also need to set IP6T_FLAGS_PROTO to "flags" to check protocol. */ __u16 proto; /* TOS to match iff flags & IP6T_F_TOS */ __u8 tos; /* Flags word */ __u8 flags; /* Inverse flags */ __u8 invflags; }; /* Values for "flag" field in struct ip6t_ip6 (general ip6 structure). */ #define IP6T_F_PROTO 0x01 /* Set if rule cares about upper protocols */ #define IP6T_F_TOS 0x02 /* Match the TOS. */ #define IP6T_F_GOTO 0x04 /* Set if jump is a goto */ #define IP6T_F_MASK 0x07 /* All possible flag bits mask. */ /* Values for "inv" field in struct ip6t_ip6. */ #define IP6T_INV_VIA_IN 0x01 /* Invert the sense of IN IFACE. */ #define IP6T_INV_VIA_OUT 0x02 /* Invert the sense of OUT IFACE */ #define IP6T_INV_TOS 0x04 /* Invert the sense of TOS. */ #define IP6T_INV_SRCIP 0x08 /* Invert the sense of SRC IP. */ #define IP6T_INV_DSTIP 0x10 /* Invert the sense of DST OP. */ #define IP6T_INV_FRAG 0x20 /* Invert the sense of FRAG. */ #define IP6T_INV_PROTO XT_INV_PROTO #define IP6T_INV_MASK 0x7F /* All possible flag bits mask. */ /* This structure defines each of the firewall rules. Consists of 3 parts which are 1) general IP header stuff 2) match specific stuff 3) the target to perform if the rule matches */ struct ip6t_entry { struct ip6t_ip6 ipv6; /* Mark with fields that we care about. */ unsigned int nfcache; /* Size of ipt_entry + matches */ __u16 target_offset; /* Size of ipt_entry + matches + target */ __u16 next_offset; /* Back pointer */ unsigned int comefrom; /* Packet and byte counters. */ struct xt_counters counters; /* The matches (if any), then the target. */ unsigned char elems[0]; }; /* Standard entry */ struct ip6t_standard { struct ip6t_entry entry; struct xt_standard_target target; }; struct ip6t_error { struct ip6t_entry entry; struct xt_error_target target; }; #define IP6T_ENTRY_INIT(__size) \ { \ .target_offset = sizeof(struct ip6t_entry), \ .next_offset = (__size), \ } #define IP6T_STANDARD_INIT(__verdict) \ { \ .entry = IP6T_ENTRY_INIT(sizeof(struct ip6t_standard)), \ .target = XT_TARGET_INIT(XT_STANDARD_TARGET, \ sizeof(struct xt_standard_target)), \ .target.verdict = -(__verdict) - 1, \ } #define IP6T_ERROR_INIT \ { \ .entry = IP6T_ENTRY_INIT(sizeof(struct ip6t_error)), \ .target = XT_TARGET_INIT(XT_ERROR_TARGET, \ sizeof(struct xt_error_target)), \ .target.errorname = "ERROR", \ } /* * New IP firewall options for [gs]etsockopt at the RAW IP level. * Unlike BSD Linux inherits IP options so you don't have to use * a raw socket for this. Instead we check rights in the calls. * * ATTENTION: check linux/in6.h before adding new number here. */ #define IP6T_BASE_CTL 64 #define IP6T_SO_SET_REPLACE (IP6T_BASE_CTL) #define IP6T_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 1) #define IP6T_SO_SET_MAX IP6T_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS #define IP6T_SO_GET_INFO (IP6T_BASE_CTL) #define IP6T_SO_GET_ENTRIES (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 1) #define IP6T_SO_GET_REVISION_MATCH (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 4) #define IP6T_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 5) #define IP6T_SO_GET_MAX IP6T_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET /* obtain original address if REDIRECT'd connection */ #define IP6T_SO_ORIGINAL_DST 80 /* ICMP matching stuff */ struct ip6t_icmp { __u8 type; /* type to match */ __u8 code[2]; /* range of code */ __u8 invflags; /* Inverse flags */ }; /* Values for "inv" field for struct ipt_icmp. */ #define IP6T_ICMP_INV 0x01 /* Invert the sense of type/code test */ /* The argument to IP6T_SO_GET_INFO */ struct ip6t_getinfo { /* Which table: caller fills this in. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* Kernel fills these in. */ /* Which hook entry points are valid: bitmask */ unsigned int valid_hooks; /* Hook entry points: one per netfilter hook. */ unsigned int hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Underflow points. */ unsigned int underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Number of entries */ unsigned int num_entries; /* Size of entries. */ unsigned int size; }; /* The argument to IP6T_SO_SET_REPLACE. */ struct ip6t_replace { /* Which table. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* Which hook entry points are valid: bitmask. You can't change this. */ unsigned int valid_hooks; /* Number of entries */ unsigned int num_entries; /* Total size of new entries */ unsigned int size; /* Hook entry points. */ unsigned int hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Underflow points. */ unsigned int underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Information about old entries: */ /* Number of counters (must be equal to current number of entries). */ unsigned int num_counters; /* The old entries' counters. */ struct xt_counters __user *counters; /* The entries (hang off end: not really an array). */ struct ip6t_entry entries[0]; }; /* The argument to IP6T_SO_GET_ENTRIES. */ struct ip6t_get_entries { /* Which table: user fills this in. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* User fills this in: total entry size. */ unsigned int size; /* The entries. */ struct ip6t_entry entrytable[0]; }; /* Helper functions */ static __inline__ struct xt_entry_target * ip6t_get_target(struct ip6t_entry *e) { return (struct xt_entry_target *)((char *)e + e->target_offset); } /* * Main firewall chains definitions and global var's definitions. */ #endif /* _UAPI_IP6_TABLES_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * linux/ipc/msgutil.c * Copyright (C) 1999, 2004 Manfred Spraul */ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/ipc.h> #include <linux/msg.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> #include <linux/utsname.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include "util.h" DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mq_lock); /* * The next 2 defines are here bc this is the only file * compiled when either CONFIG_SYSVIPC and CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE * and not CONFIG_IPC_NS. */ struct ipc_namespace init_ipc_ns = { .count = REFCOUNT_INIT(1), .user_ns = &init_user_ns, .ns.inum = PROC_IPC_INIT_INO, #ifdef CONFIG_IPC_NS .ns.ops = &ipcns_operations, #endif }; struct msg_msgseg { struct msg_msgseg *next; /* the next part of the message follows immediately */ }; #define DATALEN_MSG ((size_t)PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(struct msg_msg)) #define DATALEN_SEG ((size_t)PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(struct msg_msgseg)) static struct msg_msg *alloc_msg(size_t len) { struct msg_msg *msg; struct msg_msgseg **pseg; size_t alen; alen = min(len, DATALEN_MSG); msg = kmalloc(sizeof(*msg) + alen, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (msg == NULL) return NULL; msg->next = NULL; msg->security = NULL; len -= alen; pseg = &msg->next; while (len > 0) { struct msg_msgseg *seg; cond_resched(); alen = min(len, DATALEN_SEG); seg = kmalloc(sizeof(*seg) + alen, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (seg == NULL) goto out_err; *pseg = seg; seg->next = NULL; pseg = &seg->next; len -= alen; } return msg; out_err: free_msg(msg); return NULL; } struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, size_t len) { struct msg_msg *msg; struct msg_msgseg *seg; int err = -EFAULT; size_t alen; msg = alloc_msg(len); if (msg == NULL) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); alen = min(len, DATALEN_MSG); if (copy_from_user(msg + 1, src, alen)) goto out_err; for (seg = msg->next; seg != NULL; seg = seg->next) { len -= alen; src = (char __user *)src + alen; alen = min(len, DATALEN_SEG); if (copy_from_user(seg + 1, src, alen)) goto out_err; } err = security_msg_msg_alloc(msg); if (err) goto out_err; return msg; out_err: free_msg(msg); return ERR_PTR(err); } #ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst) { struct msg_msgseg *dst_pseg, *src_pseg; size_t len = src->m_ts; size_t alen; if (src->m_ts > dst->m_ts) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); alen = min(len, DATALEN_MSG); memcpy(dst + 1, src + 1, alen); for (dst_pseg = dst->next, src_pseg = src->next; src_pseg != NULL; dst_pseg = dst_pseg->next, src_pseg = src_pseg->next) { len -= alen; alen = min(len, DATALEN_SEG); memcpy(dst_pseg + 1, src_pseg + 1, alen); } dst->m_type = src->m_type; dst->m_ts = src->m_ts; return dst; } #else struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } #endif int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, size_t len) { size_t alen; struct msg_msgseg *seg; alen = min(len, DATALEN_MSG); if (copy_to_user(dest, msg + 1, alen)) return -1; for (seg = msg->next; seg != NULL; seg = seg->next) { len -= alen; dest = (char __user *)dest + alen; alen = min(len, DATALEN_SEG); if (copy_to_user(dest, seg + 1, alen)) return -1; } return 0; } void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg) { struct msg_msgseg *seg; security_msg_msg_free(msg); seg = msg->next; kfree(msg); while (seg != NULL) { struct msg_msgseg *tmp = seg->next; cond_resched(); kfree(seg); seg = tmp; } }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for diskquota-operations. When diskquota is configured these * macros expand to the right source-code. * * Author: Marco van Wieringen <mvw@planets.elm.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #define _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #include <linux/fs.h> #define DQUOT_SPACE_WARN 0x1 #define DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE 0x2 #define DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL 0x4 static inline struct quota_info *sb_dqopt(struct super_block *sb) { return &sb->s_dquot; } /* i_mutex must being held */ static inline bool is_quota_modification(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *ia) { return (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(ia->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(ia->ia_gid, inode->i_gid)); } #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) #define quota_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __quota_error((sb), __func__, fmt , ## args) extern __printf(3, 4) void __quota_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...); /* * declaration of quota_function calls in kernel. */ int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode); bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode); void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode); struct dquot *dqget(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid qid); static inline struct dquot *dqgrab(struct dquot *dquot) { /* Make sure someone else has active reference to dquot */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!test_bit(DQ_ACTIVE_B, &dquot->dq_flags)); atomic_inc(&dquot->dq_count); return dquot; } static inline bool dquot_is_busy(struct dquot *dquot) { if (test_bit(DQ_MOD_B, &dquot->dq_flags)) return true; if (atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count) > 1) return true; return false; } void dqput(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_scan_active(struct super_block *sb, int (*fn)(struct dquot *dquot, unsigned long priv), unsigned long priv); struct dquot *dquot_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int type); void dquot_destroy(struct dquot *dquot); int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode); int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode); void dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags); /* Suspend quotas on remount RO */ static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_commit(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_acquire(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_release(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_commit_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_next_id(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); int dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); int dquot_load_quota_sb(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_load_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); int dquot_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, char *qf_name, int format_id, int type); int dquot_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_state(struct super_block *sb, struct qc_state *state); int dquot_set_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type, struct qc_info *ii); int dquot_get_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_get_next_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_set_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int __dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct dquot **transfer_to); int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr); static inline struct mem_dqinfo *sb_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->info + type; } /* * Functions for checking status of quota */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_SUSPENDED, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { /* Currently if anything is on, then quota usage is on as well */ return sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(sb, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_has_quota_loaded(sb, type) && !sb_has_quota_suspended(sb, type); } /* * Operations supported for diskquotas. */ extern const struct dquot_operations dquot_operations; extern const struct quotactl_ops dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; #else static inline int sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline int sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr) { return 0; } static inline int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); } static inline int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #define dquot_file_open generic_file_open static inline int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ static inline int dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN); } static inline void dquot_alloc_space_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline int dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) { /* * Mark inode fully dirty. Since we are allocating blocks, inode * would become fully dirty soon anyway and it reportedly * reduces lock contention. */ mark_inode_dirty(inode); } return ret; } static inline int dquot_alloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_alloc_block_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_alloc_space_nofail(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_alloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, 0); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline int dquot_reserve_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } static inline int dquot_claim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_claim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline void dquot_reclaim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr, 0); } static inline void dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_free_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_release_reservation_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } unsigned int qtype_enforce_flag(int type); #endif /* _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internals of the DMA direct mapping implementation. Only for use by the * DMA mapping code and IOMMU drivers. */ #ifndef _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H 1 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/dma-map-ops.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> /* for min_low_pfn */ #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <linux/swiotlb.h> extern unsigned int zone_dma_bits; /* * Record the mapping of CPU physical to DMA addresses for a given region. */ struct bus_dma_region { phys_addr_t cpu_start; dma_addr_t dma_start; u64 size; u64 offset; }; static inline dma_addr_t translate_phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (paddr >= m->cpu_start && paddr - m->cpu_start < m->size) return (dma_addr_t)paddr - m->offset; /* make sure dma_capable fails when no translation is available */ return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } static inline phys_addr_t translate_dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (dma_addr >= m->dma_start && dma_addr - m->dma_start < m->size) return (phys_addr_t)dma_addr + m->offset; return (phys_addr_t)-1; } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA #include <asm/dma-direct.h> #ifndef phys_to_dma_unencrypted #define phys_to_dma_unencrypted phys_to_dma #endif #else static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { if (dev->dma_range_map) return translate_phys_to_dma(dev, paddr); return paddr; } /* * If memory encryption is supported, phys_to_dma will set the memory encryption * bit in the DMA address, and dma_to_phys will clear it. * phys_to_dma_unencrypted is for use on special unencrypted memory like swiotlb * buffers. */ static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { return __sme_set(phys_to_dma_unencrypted(dev, paddr)); } static inline phys_addr_t dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { phys_addr_t paddr; if (dev->dma_range_map) paddr = translate_dma_to_phys(dev, dma_addr); else paddr = dma_addr; return __sme_clr(paddr); } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev); #else static inline bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED */ static inline bool dma_capable(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, bool is_ram) { dma_addr_t end = addr + size - 1; if (addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR) return false; if (is_ram && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_DMA_ADDR_T_64BIT) && min(addr, end) < phys_to_dma(dev, PFN_PHYS(min_low_pfn))) return false; return end <= min_not_zero(*dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); } u64 dma_direct_get_required_mask(struct device *dev); void *dma_direct_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, unsigned long attrs); struct page *dma_direct_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void dma_direct_free_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *page, dma_addr_t dma_addr, enum dma_data_direction dir); int dma_direct_supported(struct device *dev, u64 mask); dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_resource(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); #endif /* _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #ifndef _LINUX_KERNEL_TRACE_H #define _LINUX_KERNEL_TRACE_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/clocksource.h> #include <linux/ring_buffer.h> #include <linux/mmiotrace.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/trace.h> #include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h> #include <linux/trace_seq.h> #include <linux/trace_events.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/glob.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS #include <asm/unistd.h> /* For NR_SYSCALLS */ #include <asm/syscall.h> /* some archs define it here */ #endif enum trace_type { __TRACE_FIRST_TYPE = 0, TRACE_FN, TRACE_CTX, TRACE_WAKE, TRACE_STACK, TRACE_PRINT, TRACE_BPRINT, TRACE_MMIO_RW, TRACE_MMIO_MAP, TRACE_BRANCH, TRACE_GRAPH_RET, TRACE_GRAPH_ENT, TRACE_USER_STACK, TRACE_BLK, TRACE_BPUTS, TRACE_HWLAT, TRACE_RAW_DATA, __TRACE_LAST_TYPE, }; #undef __field #define __field(type, item) type item; #undef __field_fn #define __field_fn(type, item) type item; #undef __field_struct #define __field_struct(type, item) __field(type, item) #undef __field_desc #define __field_desc(type, container, item) #undef __field_packed #define __field_packed(type, container, item) #undef __array #define __array(type, item, size) type item[size]; #undef __array_desc #define __array_desc(type, container, item, size) #undef __dynamic_array #define __dynamic_array(type, item) type item[]; #undef F_STRUCT #define F_STRUCT(args...) args #undef FTRACE_ENTRY #define FTRACE_ENTRY(name, struct_name, id, tstruct, print) \ struct struct_name { \ struct trace_entry ent; \ tstruct \ } #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_DUP #define FTRACE_ENTRY_DUP(name, name_struct, id, tstruct, printk) #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_REG #define FTRACE_ENTRY_REG(name, struct_name, id, tstruct, print, regfn) \ FTRACE_ENTRY(name, struct_name, id, PARAMS(tstruct), PARAMS(print)) #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_PACKED #define FTRACE_ENTRY_PACKED(name, struct_name, id, tstruct, print) \ FTRACE_ENTRY(name, struct_name, id, PARAMS(tstruct), PARAMS(print)) __packed #include "trace_entries.h" /* Use this for memory failure errors */ #define MEM_FAIL(condition, fmt, ...) ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __warned; \ int __ret_warn_once = !!(condition); \ \ if (unlikely(__ret_warn_once && !__warned)) { \ __warned = true; \ pr_err("ERROR: " fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_warn_once); \ }) /* * syscalls are special, and need special handling, this is why * they are not included in trace_entries.h */ struct syscall_trace_enter { struct trace_entry ent; int nr; unsigned long args[]; }; struct syscall_trace_exit { struct trace_entry ent; int nr; long ret; }; struct kprobe_trace_entry_head { struct trace_entry ent; unsigned long ip; }; struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head { struct trace_entry ent; unsigned long func; unsigned long ret_ip; }; /* * trace_flag_type is an enumeration that holds different * states when a trace occurs. These are: * IRQS_OFF - interrupts were disabled * IRQS_NOSUPPORT - arch does not support irqs_disabled_flags * NEED_RESCHED - reschedule is requested * HARDIRQ - inside an interrupt handler * SOFTIRQ - inside a softirq handler */ enum trace_flag_type { TRACE_FLAG_IRQS_OFF = 0x01, TRACE_FLAG_IRQS_NOSUPPORT = 0x02, TRACE_FLAG_NEED_RESCHED = 0x04, TRACE_FLAG_HARDIRQ = 0x08, TRACE_FLAG_SOFTIRQ = 0x10, TRACE_FLAG_PREEMPT_RESCHED = 0x20, TRACE_FLAG_NMI = 0x40, }; #define TRACE_BUF_SIZE 1024 struct trace_array; /* * The CPU trace array - it consists of thousands of trace entries * plus some other descriptor data: (for example which task started * the trace, etc.) */ struct trace_array_cpu { atomic_t disabled; void *buffer_page; /* ring buffer spare */ unsigned long entries; unsigned long saved_latency; unsigned long critical_start; unsigned long critical_end; unsigned long critical_sequence; unsigned long nice; unsigned long policy; unsigned long rt_priority; unsigned long skipped_entries; u64 preempt_timestamp; pid_t pid; kuid_t uid; char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER int ftrace_ignore_pid; #endif bool ignore_pid; }; struct tracer; struct trace_option_dentry; struct array_buffer { struct trace_array *tr; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct trace_array_cpu __percpu *data; u64 time_start; int cpu; }; #define TRACE_FLAGS_MAX_SIZE 32 struct trace_options { struct tracer *tracer; struct trace_option_dentry *topts; }; struct trace_pid_list { int pid_max; unsigned long *pids; }; enum { TRACE_PIDS = BIT(0), TRACE_NO_PIDS = BIT(1), }; static inline bool pid_type_enabled(int type, struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, struct trace_pid_list *no_pid_list) { /* Return true if the pid list in type has pids */ return ((type & TRACE_PIDS) && pid_list) || ((type & TRACE_NO_PIDS) && no_pid_list); } static inline bool still_need_pid_events(int type, struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, struct trace_pid_list *no_pid_list) { /* * Turning off what is in @type, return true if the "other" * pid list, still has pids in it. */ return (!(type & TRACE_PIDS) && pid_list) || (!(type & TRACE_NO_PIDS) && no_pid_list); } typedef bool (*cond_update_fn_t)(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data); /** * struct cond_snapshot - conditional snapshot data and callback * * The cond_snapshot structure encapsulates a callback function and * data associated with the snapshot for a given tracing instance. * * When a snapshot is taken conditionally, by invoking * tracing_snapshot_cond(tr, cond_data), the cond_data passed in is * passed in turn to the cond_snapshot.update() function. That data * can be compared by the update() implementation with the cond_data * contained within the struct cond_snapshot instance associated with * the trace_array. Because the tr->max_lock is held throughout the * update() call, the update() function can directly retrieve the * cond_snapshot and cond_data associated with the per-instance * snapshot associated with the trace_array. * * The cond_snapshot.update() implementation can save data to be * associated with the snapshot if it decides to, and returns 'true' * in that case, or it returns 'false' if the conditional snapshot * shouldn't be taken. * * The cond_snapshot instance is created and associated with the * user-defined cond_data by tracing_cond_snapshot_enable(). * Likewise, the cond_snapshot instance is destroyed and is no longer * associated with the trace instance by * tracing_cond_snapshot_disable(). * * The method below is required. * * @update: When a conditional snapshot is invoked, the update() * callback function is invoked with the tr->max_lock held. The * update() implementation signals whether or not to actually * take the snapshot, by returning 'true' if so, 'false' if no * snapshot should be taken. Because the max_lock is held for * the duration of update(), the implementation is safe to * directly retrieved and save any implementation data it needs * to in association with the snapshot. */ struct cond_snapshot { void *cond_data; cond_update_fn_t update; }; /* * The trace array - an array of per-CPU trace arrays. This is the * highest level data structure that individual tracers deal with. * They have on/off state as well: */ struct trace_array { struct list_head list; char *name; struct array_buffer array_buffer; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE /* * The max_buffer is used to snapshot the trace when a maximum * latency is reached, or when the user initiates a snapshot. * Some tracers will use this to store a maximum trace while * it continues examining live traces. * * The buffers for the max_buffer are set up the same as the array_buffer * When a snapshot is taken, the buffer of the max_buffer is swapped * with the buffer of the array_buffer and the buffers are reset for * the array_buffer so the tracing can continue. */ struct array_buffer max_buffer; bool allocated_snapshot; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER) unsigned long max_latency; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY struct dentry *d_max_latency; struct work_struct fsnotify_work; struct irq_work fsnotify_irqwork; #endif #endif struct trace_pid_list __rcu *filtered_pids; struct trace_pid_list __rcu *filtered_no_pids; /* * max_lock is used to protect the swapping of buffers * when taking a max snapshot. The buffers themselves are * protected by per_cpu spinlocks. But the action of the swap * needs its own lock. * * This is defined as a arch_spinlock_t in order to help * with performance when lockdep debugging is enabled. * * It is also used in other places outside the update_max_tr * so it needs to be defined outside of the * CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE. */ arch_spinlock_t max_lock; int buffer_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS int sys_refcount_enter; int sys_refcount_exit; struct trace_event_file __rcu *enter_syscall_files[NR_syscalls]; struct trace_event_file __rcu *exit_syscall_files[NR_syscalls]; #endif int stop_count; int clock_id; int nr_topts; bool clear_trace; int buffer_percent; unsigned int n_err_log_entries; struct tracer *current_trace; unsigned int trace_flags; unsigned char trace_flags_index[TRACE_FLAGS_MAX_SIZE]; unsigned int flags; raw_spinlock_t start_lock; struct list_head err_log; struct dentry *dir; struct dentry *options; struct dentry *percpu_dir; struct dentry *event_dir; struct trace_options *topts; struct list_head systems; struct list_head events; struct trace_event_file *trace_marker_file; cpumask_var_t tracing_cpumask; /* only trace on set CPUs */ int ref; int trace_ref; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER struct ftrace_ops *ops; struct trace_pid_list __rcu *function_pids; struct trace_pid_list __rcu *function_no_pids; #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE /* All of these are protected by the ftrace_lock */ struct list_head func_probes; struct list_head mod_trace; struct list_head mod_notrace; #endif /* function tracing enabled */ int function_enabled; #endif int time_stamp_abs_ref; struct list_head hist_vars; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT struct cond_snapshot *cond_snapshot; #endif }; enum { TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL = (1 << 0) }; extern struct list_head ftrace_trace_arrays; extern struct mutex trace_types_lock; extern int trace_array_get(struct trace_array *tr); extern int tracing_check_open_get_tr(struct trace_array *tr); extern struct trace_array *trace_array_find(const char *instance); extern struct trace_array *trace_array_find_get(const char *instance); extern int tracing_set_time_stamp_abs(struct trace_array *tr, bool abs); extern int tracing_set_clock(struct trace_array *tr, const char *clockstr); extern bool trace_clock_in_ns(struct trace_array *tr); /* * The global tracer (top) should be the first trace array added, * but we check the flag anyway. */ static inline struct trace_array *top_trace_array(void) { struct trace_array *tr; if (list_empty(&ftrace_trace_arrays)) return NULL; tr = list_entry(ftrace_trace_arrays.prev, typeof(*tr), list); WARN_ON(!(tr->flags & TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL)); return tr; } #define FTRACE_CMP_TYPE(var, type) \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(var), type *) #undef IF_ASSIGN #define IF_ASSIGN(var, entry, etype, id) \ if (FTRACE_CMP_TYPE(var, etype)) { \ var = (typeof(var))(entry); \ WARN_ON(id != 0 && (entry)->type != id); \ break; \ } /* Will cause compile errors if type is not found. */ extern void __ftrace_bad_type(void); /* * The trace_assign_type is a verifier that the entry type is * the same as the type being assigned. To add new types simply * add a line with the following format: * * IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, type, id); * * Where "type" is the trace type that includes the trace_entry * as the "ent" item. And "id" is the trace identifier that is * used in the trace_type enum. * * If the type can have more than one id, then use zero. */ #define trace_assign_type(var, ent) \ do { \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ftrace_entry, TRACE_FN); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ctx_switch_entry, 0); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct stack_entry, TRACE_STACK); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct userstack_entry, TRACE_USER_STACK);\ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct print_entry, TRACE_PRINT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct bprint_entry, TRACE_BPRINT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct bputs_entry, TRACE_BPUTS); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct hwlat_entry, TRACE_HWLAT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct raw_data_entry, TRACE_RAW_DATA);\ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct trace_mmiotrace_rw, \ TRACE_MMIO_RW); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct trace_mmiotrace_map, \ TRACE_MMIO_MAP); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct trace_branch, TRACE_BRANCH); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ftrace_graph_ent_entry, \ TRACE_GRAPH_ENT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ftrace_graph_ret_entry, \ TRACE_GRAPH_RET); \ __ftrace_bad_type(); \ } while (0) /* * An option specific to a tracer. This is a boolean value. * The bit is the bit index that sets its value on the * flags value in struct tracer_flags. */ struct tracer_opt { const char *name; /* Will appear on the trace_options file */ u32 bit; /* Mask assigned in val field in tracer_flags */ }; /* * The set of specific options for a tracer. Your tracer * have to set the initial value of the flags val. */ struct tracer_flags { u32 val; struct tracer_opt *opts; struct tracer *trace; }; /* Makes more easy to define a tracer opt */ #define TRACER_OPT(s, b) .name = #s, .bit = b struct trace_option_dentry { struct tracer_opt *opt; struct tracer_flags *flags; struct trace_array *tr; struct dentry *entry; }; /** * struct tracer - a specific tracer and its callbacks to interact with tracefs * @name: the name chosen to select it on the available_tracers file * @init: called when one switches to this tracer (echo name > current_tracer) * @reset: called when one switches to another tracer * @start: called when tracing is unpaused (echo 1 > tracing_on) * @stop: called when tracing is paused (echo 0 > tracing_on) * @update_thresh: called when tracing_thresh is updated * @open: called when the trace file is opened * @pipe_open: called when the trace_pipe file is opened * @close: called when the trace file is released * @pipe_close: called when the trace_pipe file is released * @read: override the default read callback on trace_pipe * @splice_read: override the default splice_read callback on trace_pipe * @selftest: selftest to run on boot (see trace_selftest.c) * @print_headers: override the first lines that describe your columns * @print_line: callback that prints a trace * @set_flag: signals one of your private flags changed (trace_options file) * @flags: your private flags */ struct tracer { const char *name; int (*init)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*reset)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*start)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*stop)(struct trace_array *tr); int (*update_thresh)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*open)(struct trace_iterator *iter); void (*pipe_open)(struct trace_iterator *iter); void (*close)(struct trace_iterator *iter); void (*pipe_close)(struct trace_iterator *iter); ssize_t (*read)(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct file *filp, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST int (*selftest)(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); #endif void (*print_header)(struct seq_file *m); enum print_line_t (*print_line)(struct trace_iterator *iter); /* If you handled the flag setting, return 0 */ int (*set_flag)(struct trace_array *tr, u32 old_flags, u32 bit, int set); /* Return 0 if OK with change, else return non-zero */ int (*flag_changed)(struct trace_array *tr, u32 mask, int set); struct tracer *next; struct tracer_flags *flags; int enabled; bool print_max; bool allow_instances; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE bool use_max_tr; #endif /* True if tracer cannot be enabled in kernel param */ bool noboot; }; /* Only current can touch trace_recursion */ /* * For function tracing recursion: * The order of these bits are important. * * When function tracing occurs, the following steps are made: * If arch does not support a ftrace feature: * call internal function (uses INTERNAL bits) which calls... * If callback is registered to the "global" list, the list * function is called and recursion checks the GLOBAL bits. * then this function calls... * The function callback, which can use the FTRACE bits to * check for recursion. */ enum { /* Function recursion bits */ TRACE_FTRACE_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_NMI_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_IRQ_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_SIRQ_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_TRANSITION_BIT, /* Internal use recursion bits */ TRACE_INTERNAL_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_NMI_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_IRQ_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_SIRQ_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_TRANSITION_BIT, TRACE_BRANCH_BIT, /* * Abuse of the trace_recursion. * As we need a way to maintain state if we are tracing the function * graph in irq because we want to trace a particular function that * was called in irq context but we have irq tracing off. Since this * can only be modified by current, we can reuse trace_recursion. */ TRACE_IRQ_BIT, /* Set if the function is in the set_graph_function file */ TRACE_GRAPH_BIT, /* * In the very unlikely case that an interrupt came in * at a start of graph tracing, and we want to trace * the function in that interrupt, the depth can be greater * than zero, because of the preempted start of a previous * trace. In an even more unlikely case, depth could be 2 * if a softirq interrupted the start of graph tracing, * followed by an interrupt preempting a start of graph * tracing in the softirq, and depth can even be 3 * if an NMI came in at the start of an interrupt function * that preempted a softirq start of a function that * preempted normal context!!!! Luckily, it can't be * greater than 3, so the next two bits are a mask * of what the depth is when we set TRACE_GRAPH_BIT */ TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT, TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_END_BIT, /* * To implement set_graph_notrace, if this bit is set, we ignore * function graph tracing of called functions, until the return * function is called to clear it. */ TRACE_GRAPH_NOTRACE_BIT, }; #define trace_recursion_set(bit) do { (current)->trace_recursion |= (1<<(bit)); } while (0) #define trace_recursion_clear(bit) do { (current)->trace_recursion &= ~(1<<(bit)); } while (0) #define trace_recursion_test(bit) ((current)->trace_recursion & (1<<(bit))) #define trace_recursion_depth() \ (((current)->trace_recursion >> TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT) & 3) #define trace_recursion_set_depth(depth) \ do { \ current->trace_recursion &= \ ~(3 << TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT); \ current->trace_recursion |= \ ((depth) & 3) << TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT; \ } while (0) #define TRACE_CONTEXT_BITS 4 #define TRACE_FTRACE_START TRACE_FTRACE_BIT #define TRACE_LIST_START TRACE_INTERNAL_BIT #define TRACE_CONTEXT_MASK ((1 << (TRACE_LIST_START + TRACE_CONTEXT_BITS)) - 1) enum { TRACE_CTX_NMI, TRACE_CTX_IRQ, TRACE_CTX_SOFTIRQ, TRACE_CTX_NORMAL, TRACE_CTX_TRANSITION, }; static __always_inline int trace_get_context_bit(void) { int bit; if (in_interrupt()) { if (in_nmi()) bit = TRACE_CTX_NMI; else if (in_irq()) bit = TRACE_CTX_IRQ; else bit = TRACE_CTX_SOFTIRQ; } else bit = TRACE_CTX_NORMAL; return bit; } static __always_inline int trace_test_and_set_recursion(int start) { unsigned int val = current->trace_recursion; int bit; bit = trace_get_context_bit() + start; if (unlikely(val & (1 << bit))) { /* * It could be that preempt_count has not been updated during * a switch between contexts. Allow for a single recursion. */ bit = start + TRACE_CTX_TRANSITION; if (trace_recursion_test(bit)) return -1; trace_recursion_set(bit); barrier(); return bit; } val |= 1 << bit; current->trace_recursion = val; barrier(); return bit; } static __always_inline void trace_clear_recursion(int bit) { unsigned int val = current->trace_recursion; bit = 1 << bit; val &= ~bit; barrier(); current->trace_recursion = val; } static inline struct ring_buffer_iter * trace_buffer_iter(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu) { return iter->buffer_iter ? iter->buffer_iter[cpu] : NULL; } int tracer_init(struct tracer *t, struct trace_array *tr); int tracing_is_enabled(void); void tracing_reset_online_cpus(struct array_buffer *buf); void tracing_reset_current(int cpu); void tracing_reset_all_online_cpus(void); int tracing_open_generic(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); int tracing_open_generic_tr(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); bool tracing_is_disabled(void); bool tracer_tracing_is_on(struct trace_array *tr); void tracer_tracing_on(struct trace_array *tr); void tracer_tracing_off(struct trace_array *tr); struct dentry *trace_create_file(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct dentry *parent, void *data, const struct file_operations *fops); int tracing_init_dentry(void); struct ring_buffer_event; struct ring_buffer_event * trace_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer *buffer, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc); struct trace_entry *tracing_get_trace_entry(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_array_cpu *data); struct trace_entry *trace_find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter, int *ent_cpu, u64 *ent_ts); void trace_buffer_unlock_commit_nostack(struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event); int trace_empty(struct trace_iterator *iter); void *trace_find_next_entry_inc(struct trace_iterator *iter); void trace_init_global_iter(struct trace_iterator *iter); void tracing_iter_reset(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu); unsigned long trace_total_entries_cpu(struct trace_array *tr, int cpu); unsigned long trace_total_entries(struct trace_array *tr); void trace_function(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, unsigned long flags, int pc); void trace_graph_function(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, unsigned long flags, int pc); void trace_latency_header(struct seq_file *m); void trace_default_header(struct seq_file *m); void print_trace_header(struct seq_file *m, struct trace_iterator *iter); int trace_empty(struct trace_iterator *iter); void trace_graph_return(struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace); int trace_graph_entry(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace); void set_graph_array(struct trace_array *tr); void tracing_start_cmdline_record(void); void tracing_stop_cmdline_record(void); void tracing_start_tgid_record(void); void tracing_stop_tgid_record(void); int register_tracer(struct tracer *type); int is_tracing_stopped(void); loff_t tracing_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern cpumask_var_t __read_mostly tracing_buffer_mask; #define for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) \ for_each_cpu(cpu, tracing_buffer_mask) extern unsigned long nsecs_to_usecs(unsigned long nsecs); extern unsigned long tracing_thresh; /* PID filtering */ extern int pid_max; bool trace_find_filtered_pid(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, pid_t search_pid); bool trace_ignore_this_task(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, struct trace_pid_list *filtered_no_pids, struct task_struct *task); void trace_filter_add_remove_task(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, struct task_struct *self, struct task_struct *task); void *trace_pid_next(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, void *v, loff_t *pos); void *trace_pid_start(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, loff_t *pos); int trace_pid_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); void trace_free_pid_list(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list); int trace_pid_write(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, struct trace_pid_list **new_pid_list, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE void update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu, void *cond_data); void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu); #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */ #if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \ defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY) void latency_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr); #else static inline void latency_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc); #else static inline void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc) { } #endif /* CONFIG_STACKTRACE */ extern u64 ftrace_now(int cpu); extern void trace_find_cmdline(int pid, char comm[]); extern int trace_find_tgid(int pid); extern void trace_event_follow_fork(struct trace_array *tr, bool enable); #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE extern unsigned long ftrace_update_tot_cnt; extern unsigned long ftrace_number_of_pages; extern unsigned long ftrace_number_of_groups; void ftrace_init_trace_array(struct trace_array *tr); #else static inline void ftrace_init_trace_array(struct trace_array *tr) { } #endif #define DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME trace_selftest_dynamic_test_func extern int DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME(void); #define DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME2 trace_selftest_dynamic_test_func2 extern int DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME2(void); extern bool ring_buffer_expanded; extern bool tracing_selftest_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST extern void __init disable_tracing_selftest(const char *reason); extern int trace_selftest_startup_function(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_function_graph(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_irqsoff(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_preemptoff(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_preemptirqsoff(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_wakeup(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_nop(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_branch(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); /* * Tracer data references selftest functions that only occur * on boot up. These can be __init functions. Thus, when selftests * are enabled, then the tracers need to reference __init functions. */ #define __tracer_data __refdata #else static inline void __init disable_tracing_selftest(const char *reason) { } /* Tracers are seldom changed. Optimize when selftests are disabled. */ #define __tracer_data __read_mostly #endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST */ extern void *head_page(struct trace_array_cpu *data); extern unsigned long long ns2usecs(u64 nsec); extern int trace_vbprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern int trace_vprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern int trace_array_vprintk(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args); int trace_array_printk_buf(struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...); void trace_printk_seq(struct trace_seq *s); enum print_line_t print_trace_line(struct trace_iterator *iter); extern char trace_find_mark(unsigned long long duration); struct ftrace_hash; struct ftrace_mod_load { struct list_head list; char *func; char *module; int enable; }; enum { FTRACE_HASH_FL_MOD = (1 << 0), }; struct ftrace_hash { unsigned long size_bits; struct hlist_head *buckets; unsigned long count; unsigned long flags; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ftrace_func_entry * ftrace_lookup_ip(struct ftrace_hash *hash, unsigned long ip); static __always_inline bool ftrace_hash_empty(struct ftrace_hash *hash) { return !hash || !(hash->count || (hash->flags & FTRACE_HASH_FL_MOD)); } /* Standard output formatting function used for function return traces */ #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER /* Flag options */ #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_OVERRUN 0x1 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_CPU 0x2 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_OVERHEAD 0x4 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_PROC 0x8 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_DURATION 0x10 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_ABS_TIME 0x20 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_REL_TIME 0x40 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_IRQS 0x80 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_TAIL 0x100 #define TRACE_GRAPH_SLEEP_TIME 0x200 #define TRACE_GRAPH_GRAPH_TIME 0x400 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_FILL_SHIFT 28 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_FILL_MASK (0x3 << TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_FILL_SHIFT) extern void ftrace_graph_sleep_time_control(bool enable); #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_PROFILER extern void ftrace_graph_graph_time_control(bool enable); #else static inline void ftrace_graph_graph_time_control(bool enable) { } #endif extern enum print_line_t print_graph_function_flags(struct trace_iterator *iter, u32 flags); extern void print_graph_headers_flags(struct seq_file *s, u32 flags); extern void trace_print_graph_duration(unsigned long long duration, struct trace_seq *s); extern void graph_trace_open(struct trace_iterator *iter); extern void graph_trace_close(struct trace_iterator *iter); extern int __trace_graph_entry(struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace, unsigned long flags, int pc); extern void __trace_graph_return(struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace, unsigned long flags, int pc); #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE extern struct ftrace_hash __rcu *ftrace_graph_hash; extern struct ftrace_hash __rcu *ftrace_graph_notrace_hash; static inline int ftrace_graph_addr(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace) { unsigned long addr = trace->func; int ret = 0; struct ftrace_hash *hash; preempt_disable_notrace(); /* * Have to open code "rcu_dereference_sched()" because the * function graph tracer can be called when RCU is not * "watching". * Protected with schedule_on_each_cpu(ftrace_sync) */ hash = rcu_dereference_protected(ftrace_graph_hash, !preemptible()); if (ftrace_hash_empty(hash)) { ret = 1; goto out; } if (ftrace_lookup_ip(hash, addr)) { /* * This needs to be cleared on the return functions * when the depth is zero. */ trace_recursion_set(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT); trace_recursion_set_depth(trace->depth); /* * If no irqs are to be traced, but a set_graph_function * is set, and called by an interrupt handler, we still * want to trace it. */ if (in_irq()) trace_recursion_set(TRACE_IRQ_BIT); else trace_recursion_clear(TRACE_IRQ_BIT); ret = 1; } out: preempt_enable_notrace(); return ret; } static inline void ftrace_graph_addr_finish(struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace) { if (trace_recursion_test(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT) && trace->depth == trace_recursion_depth()) trace_recursion_clear(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT); } static inline int ftrace_graph_notrace_addr(unsigned long addr) { int ret = 0; struct ftrace_hash *notrace_hash; preempt_disable_notrace(); /* * Have to open code "rcu_dereference_sched()" because the * function graph tracer can be called when RCU is not * "watching". * Protected with schedule_on_each_cpu(ftrace_sync) */ notrace_hash = rcu_dereference_protected(ftrace_graph_notrace_hash, !preemptible()); if (ftrace_lookup_ip(notrace_hash, addr)) ret = 1; preempt_enable_notrace(); return ret; } #else static inline int ftrace_graph_addr(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace) { return 1; } static inline int ftrace_graph_notrace_addr(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_graph_addr_finish(struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE */ extern unsigned int fgraph_max_depth; static inline bool ftrace_graph_ignore_func(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace) { /* trace it when it is-nested-in or is a function enabled. */ return !(trace_recursion_test(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT) || ftrace_graph_addr(trace)) || (trace->depth < 0) || (fgraph_max_depth && trace->depth >= fgraph_max_depth); } #else /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER */ static inline enum print_line_t print_graph_function_flags(struct trace_iterator *iter, u32 flags) { return TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED; } #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER */ extern struct list_head ftrace_pids; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER #define FTRACE_PID_IGNORE -1 #define FTRACE_PID_TRACE -2 struct ftrace_func_command { struct list_head list; char *name; int (*func)(struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_hash *hash, char *func, char *cmd, char *params, int enable); }; extern bool ftrace_filter_param __initdata; static inline int ftrace_trace_task(struct trace_array *tr) { return this_cpu_read(tr->array_buffer.data->ftrace_ignore_pid) != FTRACE_PID_IGNORE; } extern int ftrace_is_dead(void); int ftrace_create_function_files(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *parent); void ftrace_destroy_function_files(struct trace_array *tr); int ftrace_allocate_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_free_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_init_global_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_init_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr, ftrace_func_t func); void ftrace_reset_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_init_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer); void ftrace_init_tracefs_toplevel(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer); void ftrace_clear_pids(struct trace_array *tr); int init_function_trace(void); void ftrace_pid_follow_fork(struct trace_array *tr, bool enable); #else static inline int ftrace_trace_task(struct trace_array *tr) { return 1; } static inline int ftrace_is_dead(void) { return 0; } static inline int ftrace_create_function_files(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *parent) { return 0; } static inline int ftrace_allocate_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_free_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline void ftrace_destroy_function_files(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline __init void ftrace_init_global_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline void ftrace_reset_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline void ftrace_init_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d) { } static inline void ftrace_init_tracefs_toplevel(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d) { } static inline void ftrace_clear_pids(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline int init_function_trace(void) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_pid_follow_fork(struct trace_array *tr, bool enable) { } /* ftace_func_t type is not defined, use macro instead of static inline */ #define ftrace_init_array_ops(tr, func) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER */ #if defined(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) && defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) struct ftrace_probe_ops { void (*func)(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data); int (*init)(struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, void *init_data, void **data); void (*free)(struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, void *data); int (*print)(struct seq_file *m, unsigned long ip, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data); }; struct ftrace_func_mapper; typedef int (*ftrace_mapper_func)(void *data); struct ftrace_func_mapper *allocate_ftrace_func_mapper(void); void **ftrace_func_mapper_find_ip(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, unsigned long ip); int ftrace_func_mapper_add_ip(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, unsigned long ip, void *data); void *ftrace_func_mapper_remove_ip(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, unsigned long ip); void free_ftrace_func_mapper(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, ftrace_mapper_func free_func); extern int register_ftrace_function_probe(char *glob, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data); extern int unregister_ftrace_function_probe_func(char *glob, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops); extern void clear_ftrace_function_probes(struct trace_array *tr); int register_ftrace_command(struct ftrace_func_command *cmd); int unregister_ftrace_command(struct ftrace_func_command *cmd); void ftrace_create_filter_files(struct ftrace_ops *ops, struct dentry *parent); void ftrace_destroy_filter_files(struct ftrace_ops *ops); extern int ftrace_set_filter(struct ftrace_ops *ops, unsigned char *buf, int len, int reset); extern int ftrace_set_notrace(struct ftrace_ops *ops, unsigned char *buf, int len, int reset); #else struct ftrace_func_command; static inline __init int register_ftrace_command(struct ftrace_func_command *cmd) { return -EINVAL; } static inline __init int unregister_ftrace_command(char *cmd_name) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void clear_ftrace_function_probes(struct trace_array *tr) { } /* * The ops parameter passed in is usually undefined. * This must be a macro. */ #define ftrace_create_filter_files(ops, parent) do { } while (0) #define ftrace_destroy_filter_files(ops) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER && CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE */ bool ftrace_event_is_function(struct trace_event_call *call); /* * struct trace_parser - servers for reading the user input separated by spaces * @cont: set if the input is not complete - no final space char was found * @buffer: holds the parsed user input * @idx: user input length * @size: buffer size */ struct trace_parser { bool cont; char *buffer; unsigned idx; unsigned size; }; static inline bool trace_parser_loaded(struct trace_parser *parser) { return (parser->idx != 0); } static inline bool trace_parser_cont(struct trace_parser *parser) { return parser->cont; } static inline void trace_parser_clear(struct trace_parser *parser) { parser->cont = false; parser->idx = 0; } extern int trace_parser_get_init(struct trace_parser *parser, int size); extern void trace_parser_put(struct trace_parser *parser); extern int trace_get_user(struct trace_parser *parser, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos); /* * Only create function graph options if function graph is configured. */ #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER # define FGRAPH_FLAGS \ C(DISPLAY_GRAPH, "display-graph"), #else # define FGRAPH_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BRANCH_TRACER # define BRANCH_FLAGS \ C(BRANCH, "branch"), #else # define BRANCH_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER # define FUNCTION_FLAGS \ C(FUNCTION, "function-trace"), \ C(FUNC_FORK, "function-fork"), # define FUNCTION_DEFAULT_FLAGS TRACE_ITER_FUNCTION #else # define FUNCTION_FLAGS # define FUNCTION_DEFAULT_FLAGS 0UL # define TRACE_ITER_FUNC_FORK 0UL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE # define STACK_FLAGS \ C(STACKTRACE, "stacktrace"), #else # define STACK_FLAGS #endif /* * trace_iterator_flags is an enumeration that defines bit * positions into trace_flags that controls the output. * * NOTE: These bits must match the trace_options array in * trace.c (this macro guarantees it). */ #define TRACE_FLAGS \ C(PRINT_PARENT, "print-parent"), \ C(SYM_OFFSET, "sym-offset"), \ C(SYM_ADDR, "sym-addr"), \ C(VERBOSE, "verbose"), \ C(RAW, "raw"), \ C(HEX, "hex"), \ C(BIN, "bin"), \ C(BLOCK, "block"), \ C(PRINTK, "trace_printk"), \ C(ANNOTATE, "annotate"), \ C(USERSTACKTRACE, "userstacktrace"), \ C(SYM_USEROBJ, "sym-userobj"), \ C(PRINTK_MSGONLY, "printk-msg-only"), \ C(CONTEXT_INFO, "context-info"), /* Print pid/cpu/time */ \ C(LATENCY_FMT, "latency-format"), \ C(RECORD_CMD, "record-cmd"), \ C(RECORD_TGID, "record-tgid"), \ C(OVERWRITE, "overwrite"), \ C(STOP_ON_FREE, "disable_on_free"), \ C(IRQ_INFO, "irq-info"), \ C(MARKERS, "markers"), \ C(EVENT_FORK, "event-fork"), \ C(PAUSE_ON_TRACE, "pause-on-trace"), \ FUNCTION_FLAGS \ FGRAPH_FLAGS \ STACK_FLAGS \ BRANCH_FLAGS /* * By defining C, we can make TRACE_FLAGS a list of bit names * that will define the bits for the flag masks. */ #undef C #define C(a, b) TRACE_ITER_##a##_BIT enum trace_iterator_bits { TRACE_FLAGS /* Make sure we don't go more than we have bits for */ TRACE_ITER_LAST_BIT }; /* * By redefining C, we can make TRACE_FLAGS a list of masks that * use the bits as defined above. */ #undef C #define C(a, b) TRACE_ITER_##a = (1 << TRACE_ITER_##a##_BIT) enum trace_iterator_flags { TRACE_FLAGS }; /* * TRACE_ITER_SYM_MASK masks the options in trace_flags that * control the output of kernel symbols. */ #define TRACE_ITER_SYM_MASK \ (TRACE_ITER_PRINT_PARENT|TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET|TRACE_ITER_SYM_ADDR) extern struct tracer nop_trace; #ifdef CONFIG_BRANCH_TRACER extern int enable_branch_tracing(struct trace_array *tr); extern void disable_branch_tracing(void); static inline int trace_branch_enable(struct trace_array *tr) { if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_BRANCH) return enable_branch_tracing(tr); return 0; } static inline void trace_branch_disable(void) { /* due to races, always disable */ disable_branch_tracing(); } #else static inline int trace_branch_enable(struct trace_array *tr) { return 0; } static inline void trace_branch_disable(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BRANCH_TRACER */ /* set ring buffers to default size if not already done so */ int tracing_update_buffers(void); struct ftrace_event_field { struct list_head link; const char *name; const char *type; int filter_type; int offset; int size; int is_signed; }; struct prog_entry; struct event_filter { struct prog_entry __rcu *prog; char *filter_string; }; struct event_subsystem { struct list_head list; const char *name; struct event_filter *filter; int ref_count; }; struct trace_subsystem_dir { struct list_head list; struct event_subsystem *subsystem; struct trace_array *tr; struct dentry *entry; int ref_count; int nr_events; }; extern int call_filter_check_discard(struct trace_event_call *call, void *rec, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event); void trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, unsigned long flags, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline void trace_buffer_unlock_commit(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, unsigned long flags, int pc) { trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs(tr, buffer, event, flags, pc, NULL); } DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct ring_buffer_event *, trace_buffered_event); DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, trace_buffered_event_cnt); void trace_buffered_event_disable(void); void trace_buffered_event_enable(void); static inline void __trace_event_discard_commit(struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event) { if (this_cpu_read(trace_buffered_event) == event) { /* Simply release the temp buffer */ this_cpu_dec(trace_buffered_event_cnt); return; } ring_buffer_discard_commit(buffer, event); } /* * Helper function for event_trigger_unlock_commit{_regs}(). * If there are event triggers attached to this event that requires * filtering against its fields, then they will be called as the * entry already holds the field information of the current event. * * It also checks if the event should be discarded or not. * It is to be discarded if the event is soft disabled and the * event was only recorded to process triggers, or if the event * filter is active and this event did not match the filters. * * Returns true if the event is discarded, false otherwise. */ static inline bool __event_trigger_test_discard(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, void *entry, enum event_trigger_type *tt) { unsigned long eflags = file->flags; if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND) *tt = event_triggers_call(file, entry, event); if (test_bit(EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT, &file->flags) || (unlikely(file->flags & EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED) && !filter_match_preds(file->filter, entry))) { __trace_event_discard_commit(buffer, event); return true; } return false; } /** * event_trigger_unlock_commit - handle triggers and finish event commit * @file: The file pointer assoctiated to the event * @buffer: The ring buffer that the event is being written to * @event: The event meta data in the ring buffer * @entry: The event itself * @irq_flags: The state of the interrupts at the start of the event * @pc: The state of the preempt count at the start of the event. * * This is a helper function to handle triggers that require data * from the event itself. It also tests the event against filters and * if the event is soft disabled and should be discarded. */ static inline void event_trigger_unlock_commit(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, void *entry, unsigned long irq_flags, int pc) { enum event_trigger_type tt = ETT_NONE; if (!__event_trigger_test_discard(file, buffer, event, entry, &tt)) trace_buffer_unlock_commit(file->tr, buffer, event, irq_flags, pc); if (tt) event_triggers_post_call(file, tt); } /** * event_trigger_unlock_commit_regs - handle triggers and finish event commit * @file: The file pointer assoctiated to the event * @buffer: The ring buffer that the event is being written to * @event: The event meta data in the ring buffer * @entry: The event itself * @irq_flags: The state of the interrupts at the start of the event * @pc: The state of the preempt count at the start of the event. * * This is a helper function to handle triggers that require data * from the event itself. It also tests the event against filters and * if the event is soft disabled and should be discarded. * * Same as event_trigger_unlock_commit() but calls * trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs() instead of trace_buffer_unlock_commit(). */ static inline void event_trigger_unlock_commit_regs(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, void *entry, unsigned long irq_flags, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs) { enum event_trigger_type tt = ETT_NONE; if (!__event_trigger_test_discard(file, buffer, event, entry, &tt)) trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs(file->tr, buffer, event, irq_flags, pc, regs); if (tt) event_triggers_post_call(file, tt); } #define FILTER_PRED_INVALID ((unsigned short)-1) #define FILTER_PRED_IS_RIGHT (1 << 15) #define FILTER_PRED_FOLD (1 << 15) /* * The max preds is the size of unsigned short with * two flags at the MSBs. One bit is used for both the IS_RIGHT * and FOLD flags. The other is reserved. * * 2^14 preds is way more than enough. */ #define MAX_FILTER_PRED 16384 struct filter_pred; struct regex; typedef int (*filter_pred_fn_t) (struct filter_pred *pred, void *event); typedef int (*regex_match_func)(char *str, struct regex *r, int len); enum regex_type { MATCH_FULL = 0, MATCH_FRONT_ONLY, MATCH_MIDDLE_ONLY, MATCH_END_ONLY, MATCH_GLOB, MATCH_INDEX, }; struct regex { char pattern[MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL]; int len; int field_len; regex_match_func match; }; struct filter_pred { filter_pred_fn_t fn; u64 val; struct regex regex; unsigned short *ops; struct ftrace_event_field *field; int offset; int not; int op; }; static inline bool is_string_field(struct ftrace_event_field *field) { return field->filter_type == FILTER_DYN_STRING || field->filter_type == FILTER_STATIC_STRING || field->filter_type == FILTER_PTR_STRING || field->filter_type == FILTER_COMM; } static inline bool is_function_field(struct ftrace_event_field *field) { return field->filter_type == FILTER_TRACE_FN; } extern enum regex_type filter_parse_regex(char *buff, int len, char **search, int *not); extern void print_event_filter(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_seq *s); extern int apply_event_filter(struct trace_event_file *file, char *filter_string); extern int apply_subsystem_event_filter(struct trace_subsystem_dir *dir, char *filter_string); extern void print_subsystem_event_filter(struct event_subsystem *system, struct trace_seq *s); extern int filter_assign_type(const char *type); extern int create_event_filter(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_event_call *call, char *filter_str, bool set_str, struct event_filter **filterp); extern void free_event_filter(struct event_filter *filter); struct ftrace_event_field * trace_find_event_field(struct trace_event_call *call, char *name); extern void trace_event_enable_cmd_record(bool enable); extern void trace_event_enable_tgid_record(bool enable); extern int event_trace_init(void); extern int event_trace_add_tracer(struct dentry *parent, struct trace_array *tr); extern int event_trace_del_tracer(struct trace_array *tr); extern void __trace_early_add_events(struct trace_array *tr); extern struct trace_event_file *__find_event_file(struct trace_array *tr, const char *system, const char *event); extern struct trace_event_file *find_event_file(struct trace_array *tr, const char *system, const char *event); static inline void *event_file_data(struct file *filp) { return READ_ONCE(file_inode(filp)->i_private); } extern struct mutex event_mutex; extern struct list_head ftrace_events; extern const struct file_operations event_trigger_fops; extern const struct file_operations event_hist_fops; extern const struct file_operations event_hist_debug_fops; extern const struct file_operations event_inject_fops; #ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS extern int register_trigger_hist_cmd(void); extern int register_trigger_hist_enable_disable_cmds(void); #else static inline int register_trigger_hist_cmd(void) { return 0; } static inline int register_trigger_hist_enable_disable_cmds(void) { return 0; } #endif extern int register_trigger_cmds(void); extern void clear_event_triggers(struct trace_array *tr); struct event_trigger_data { unsigned long count; int ref; struct event_trigger_ops *ops; struct event_command *cmd_ops; struct event_filter __rcu *filter; char *filter_str; void *private_data; bool paused; bool paused_tmp; struct list_head list; char *name; struct list_head named_list; struct event_trigger_data *named_data; }; /* Avoid typos */ #define ENABLE_EVENT_STR "enable_event" #define DISABLE_EVENT_STR "disable_event" #define ENABLE_HIST_STR "enable_hist" #define DISABLE_HIST_STR "disable_hist" struct enable_trigger_data { struct trace_event_file *file; bool enable; bool hist; }; extern int event_enable_trigger_print(struct seq_file *m, struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data); extern void event_enable_trigger_free(struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data); extern int event_enable_trigger_func(struct event_command *cmd_ops, struct trace_event_file *file, char *glob, char *cmd, char *param); extern int event_enable_register_trigger(char *glob, struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data, struct trace_event_file *file); extern void event_enable_unregister_trigger(char *glob, struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *test, struct trace_event_file *file); extern void trigger_data_free(struct event_trigger_data *data); extern int event_trigger_init(struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data); extern int trace_event_trigger_enable_disable(struct trace_event_file *file, int trigger_enable); extern void update_cond_flag(struct trace_event_file *file); extern int set_trigger_filter(char *filter_str, struct event_trigger_data *trigger_data, struct trace_event_file *file); extern struct event_trigger_data *find_named_trigger(const char *name); extern bool is_named_trigger(struct event_trigger_data *test); extern int save_named_trigger(const char *name, struct event_trigger_data *data); extern void del_named_trigger(struct event_trigger_data *data); extern void pause_named_trigger(struct event_trigger_data *data); extern void unpause_named_trigger(struct event_trigger_data *data); extern void set_named_trigger_data(struct event_trigger_data *data, struct event_trigger_data *named_data); extern struct event_trigger_data * get_named_trigger_data(struct event_trigger_data *data); extern int register_event_command(struct event_command *cmd); extern int unregister_event_command(struct event_command *cmd); extern int register_trigger_hist_enable_disable_cmds(void); /** * struct event_trigger_ops - callbacks for trace event triggers * * The methods in this structure provide per-event trigger hooks for * various trigger operations. * * All the methods below, except for @init() and @free(), must be * implemented. * * @func: The trigger 'probe' function called when the triggering * event occurs. The data passed into this callback is the data * that was supplied to the event_command @reg() function that * registered the trigger (see struct event_command) along with * the trace record, rec. * * @init: An optional initialization function called for the trigger * when the trigger is registered (via the event_command reg() * function). This can be used to perform per-trigger * initialization such as incrementing a per-trigger reference * count, for instance. This is usually implemented by the * generic utility function @event_trigger_init() (see * trace_event_triggers.c). * * @free: An optional de-initialization function called for the * trigger when the trigger is unregistered (via the * event_command @reg() function). This can be used to perform * per-trigger de-initialization such as decrementing a * per-trigger reference count and freeing corresponding trigger * data, for instance. This is usually implemented by the * generic utility function @event_trigger_free() (see * trace_event_triggers.c). * * @print: The callback function invoked to have the trigger print * itself. This is usually implemented by a wrapper function * that calls the generic utility function @event_trigger_print() * (see trace_event_triggers.c). */ struct event_trigger_ops { void (*func)(struct event_trigger_data *data, void *rec, struct ring_buffer_event *rbe); int (*init)(struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data); void (*free)(struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data); int (*print)(struct seq_file *m, struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data); }; /** * struct event_command - callbacks and data members for event commands * * Event commands are invoked by users by writing the command name * into the 'trigger' file associated with a trace event. The * parameters associated with a specific invocation of an event * command are used to create an event trigger instance, which is * added to the list of trigger instances associated with that trace * event. When the event is hit, the set of triggers associated with * that event is invoked. * * The data members in this structure provide per-event command data * for various event commands. * * All the data members below, except for @post_trigger, must be set * for each event command. * * @name: The unique name that identifies the event command. This is * the name used when setting triggers via trigger files. * * @trigger_type: A unique id that identifies the event command * 'type'. This value has two purposes, the first to ensure that * only one trigger of the same type can be set at a given time * for a particular event e.g. it doesn't make sense to have both * a traceon and traceoff trigger attached to a single event at * the same time, so traceon and traceoff have the same type * though they have different names. The @trigger_type value is * also used as a bit value for deferring the actual trigger * action until after the current event is finished. Some * commands need to do this if they themselves log to the trace * buffer (see the @post_trigger() member below). @trigger_type * values are defined by adding new values to the trigger_type * enum in include/linux/trace_events.h. * * @flags: See the enum event_command_flags below. * * All the methods below, except for @set_filter() and @unreg_all(), * must be implemented. * * @func: The callback function responsible for parsing and * registering the trigger written to the 'trigger' file by the * user. It allocates the trigger instance and registers it with * the appropriate trace event. It makes use of the other * event_command callback functions to orchestrate this, and is * usually implemented by the generic utility function * @event_trigger_callback() (see trace_event_triggers.c). * * @reg: Adds the trigger to the list of triggers associated with the * event, and enables the event trigger itself, after * initializing it (via the event_trigger_ops @init() function). * This is also where commands can use the @trigger_type value to * make the decision as to whether or not multiple instances of * the trigger should be allowed. This is usually implemented by * the generic utility function @register_trigger() (see * trace_event_triggers.c). * * @unreg: Removes the trigger from the list of triggers associated * with the event, and disables the event trigger itself, after * initializing it (via the event_trigger_ops @free() function). * This is usually implemented by the generic utility function * @unregister_trigger() (see trace_event_triggers.c). * * @unreg_all: An optional function called to remove all the triggers * from the list of triggers associated with the event. Called * when a trigger file is opened in truncate mode. * * @set_filter: An optional function called to parse and set a filter * for the trigger. If no @set_filter() method is set for the * event command, filters set by the user for the command will be * ignored. This is usually implemented by the generic utility * function @set_trigger_filter() (see trace_event_triggers.c). * * @get_trigger_ops: The callback function invoked to retrieve the * event_trigger_ops implementation associated with the command. */ struct event_command { struct list_head list; char *name; enum event_trigger_type trigger_type; int flags; int (*func)(struct event_command *cmd_ops, struct trace_event_file *file, char *glob, char *cmd, char *params); int (*reg)(char *glob, struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data, struct trace_event_file *file); void (*unreg)(char *glob, struct event_trigger_ops *ops, struct event_trigger_data *data, struct trace_event_file *file); void (*unreg_all)(struct trace_event_file *file); int (*set_filter)(char *filter_str, struct event_trigger_data *data, struct trace_event_file *file); struct event_trigger_ops *(*get_trigger_ops)(char *cmd, char *param); }; /** * enum event_command_flags - flags for struct event_command * * @POST_TRIGGER: A flag that says whether or not this command needs * to have its action delayed until after the current event has * been closed. Some triggers need to avoid being invoked while * an event is currently in the process of being logged, since * the trigger may itself log data into the trace buffer. Thus * we make sure the current event is committed before invoking * those triggers. To do that, the trigger invocation is split * in two - the first part checks the filter using the current * trace record; if a command has the @post_trigger flag set, it * sets a bit for itself in the return value, otherwise it * directly invokes the trigger. Once all commands have been * either invoked or set their return flag, the current record is * either committed or discarded. At that point, if any commands * have deferred their triggers, those commands are finally * invoked following the close of the current event. In other * words, if the event_trigger_ops @func() probe implementation * itself logs to the trace buffer, this flag should be set, * otherwise it can be left unspecified. * * @NEEDS_REC: A flag that says whether or not this command needs * access to the trace record in order to perform its function, * regardless of whether or not it has a filter associated with * it (filters make a trigger require access to the trace record * but are not always present). */ enum event_command_flags { EVENT_CMD_FL_POST_TRIGGER = 1, EVENT_CMD_FL_NEEDS_REC = 2, }; static inline bool event_command_post_trigger(struct event_command *cmd_ops) { return cmd_ops->flags & EVENT_CMD_FL_POST_TRIGGER; } static inline bool event_command_needs_rec(struct event_command *cmd_ops) { return cmd_ops->flags & EVENT_CMD_FL_NEEDS_REC; } extern int trace_event_enable_disable(struct trace_event_file *file, int enable, int soft_disable); extern int tracing_alloc_snapshot(void); extern void tracing_snapshot_cond(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data); extern int tracing_snapshot_cond_enable(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data, cond_update_fn_t update); extern int tracing_snapshot_cond_disable(struct trace_array *tr); extern void *tracing_cond_snapshot_data(struct trace_array *tr); extern const char *__start___trace_bprintk_fmt[]; extern const char *__stop___trace_bprintk_fmt[]; extern const char *__start___tracepoint_str[]; extern const char *__stop___tracepoint_str[]; void trace_printk_control(bool enabled); void trace_printk_start_comm(void); int trace_keep_overwrite(struct tracer *tracer, u32 mask, int set); int set_tracer_flag(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned int mask, int enabled); /* Used from boot time tracer */ extern int trace_set_options(struct trace_array *tr, char *option); extern int tracing_set_tracer(struct trace_array *tr, const char *buf); extern ssize_t tracing_resize_ring_buffer(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long size, int cpu_id); extern int tracing_set_cpumask(struct trace_array *tr, cpumask_var_t tracing_cpumask_new); #define MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN 64 extern int trace_run_command(const char *buf, int (*createfn)(int, char**)); extern ssize_t trace_parse_run_command(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, int (*createfn)(int, char**)); extern unsigned int err_pos(char *cmd, const char *str); extern void tracing_log_err(struct trace_array *tr, const char *loc, const char *cmd, const char **errs, u8 type, u8 pos); /* * Normal trace_printk() and friends allocates special buffers * to do the manipulation, as well as saves the print formats * into sections to display. But the trace infrastructure wants * to use these without the added overhead at the price of being * a bit slower (used mainly for warnings, where we don't care * about performance). The internal_trace_puts() is for such * a purpose. */ #define internal_trace_puts(str) __trace_puts(_THIS_IP_, str, strlen(str)) #undef FTRACE_ENTRY #define FTRACE_ENTRY(call, struct_name, id, tstruct, print) \ extern struct trace_event_call \ __aligned(4) event_##call; #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_DUP #define FTRACE_ENTRY_DUP(call, struct_name, id, tstruct, print) \ FTRACE_ENTRY(call, struct_name, id, PARAMS(tstruct), PARAMS(print)) #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_PACKED #define FTRACE_ENTRY_PACKED(call, struct_name, id, tstruct, print) \ FTRACE_ENTRY(call, struct_name, id, PARAMS(tstruct), PARAMS(print)) #include "trace_entries.h" #if defined(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) && defined(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) int perf_ftrace_event_register(struct trace_event_call *call, enum trace_reg type, void *data); #else #define perf_ftrace_event_register NULL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS void init_ftrace_syscalls(void); const char *get_syscall_name(int syscall); #else static inline void init_ftrace_syscalls(void) { } static inline const char *get_syscall_name(int syscall) { return NULL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING void trace_event_init(void); void trace_event_eval_update(struct trace_eval_map **map, int len); /* Used from boot time tracer */ extern int ftrace_set_clr_event(struct trace_array *tr, char *buf, int set); extern int trigger_process_regex(struct trace_event_file *file, char *buff); #else static inline void __init trace_event_init(void) { } static inline void trace_event_eval_update(struct trace_eval_map **map, int len) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT void tracing_snapshot_instance(struct trace_array *tr); int tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(struct trace_array *tr); #else static inline void tracing_snapshot_instance(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline int tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(struct trace_array *tr) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_TRACER void tracer_preempt_on(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1); void tracer_preempt_off(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1); #else static inline void tracer_preempt_on(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { } static inline void tracer_preempt_off(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQSOFF_TRACER void tracer_hardirqs_on(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1); void tracer_hardirqs_off(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1); #else static inline void tracer_hardirqs_on(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { } static inline void tracer_hardirqs_off(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { } #endif extern struct trace_iterator *tracepoint_print_iter; /* * Reset the state of the trace_iterator so that it can read consumed data. * Normally, the trace_iterator is used for reading the data when it is not * consumed, and must retain state. */ static __always_inline void trace_iterator_reset(struct trace_iterator *iter) { const size_t offset = offsetof(struct trace_iterator, seq); /* * Keep gcc from complaining about overwriting more than just one * member in the structure. */ memset((char *)iter + offset, 0, sizeof(struct trace_iterator) - offset); iter->pos = -1; } /* Check the name is good for event/group/fields */ static inline bool is_good_name(const char *name) { if (!isalpha(*name) && *name != '_') return false; while (*++name != '\0') { if (!isalpha(*name) && !isdigit(*name) && *name != '_') return false; } return true; } #endif /* _LINUX_KERNEL_TRACE_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PERCPU_COUNTER_H #define _LINUX_PERCPU_COUNTER_H /* * A simple "approximate counter" for use in ext2 and ext3 superblocks. * * WARNING: these things are HUGE. 4 kbytes per counter on 32-way P4. */ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct percpu_counter { raw_spinlock_t lock; s64 count; #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU struct list_head list; /* All percpu_counters are on a list */ #endif s32 __percpu *counters; }; extern int percpu_counter_batch; int __percpu_counter_init(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount, gfp_t gfp, struct lock_class_key *key); #define percpu_counter_init(fbc, value, gfp) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __percpu_counter_init(fbc, value, gfp, &__key); \ }) void percpu_counter_destroy(struct percpu_counter *fbc); void percpu_counter_set(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount); void percpu_counter_add_batch(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount, s32 batch); s64 __percpu_counter_sum(struct percpu_counter *fbc); int __percpu_counter_compare(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 rhs, s32 batch); void percpu_counter_sync(struct percpu_counter *fbc); static inline int percpu_counter_compare(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 rhs) { return __percpu_counter_compare(fbc, rhs, percpu_counter_batch); } static inline void percpu_counter_add(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount) { percpu_counter_add_batch(fbc, amount, percpu_counter_batch); } static inline s64 percpu_counter_sum_positive(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { s64 ret = __percpu_counter_sum(fbc); return ret < 0 ? 0 : ret; } static inline s64 percpu_counter_sum(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return __percpu_counter_sum(fbc); } static inline s64 percpu_counter_read(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return fbc->count; } /* * It is possible for the percpu_counter_read() to return a small negative * number for some counter which should never be negative. * */ static inline s64 percpu_counter_read_positive(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { /* Prevent reloads of fbc->count */ s64 ret = READ_ONCE(fbc->count); if (ret >= 0) return ret; return 0; } static inline bool percpu_counter_initialized(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return (fbc->counters != NULL); } #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ struct percpu_counter { s64 count; }; static inline int percpu_counter_init(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount, gfp_t gfp) { fbc->count = amount; return 0; } static inline void percpu_counter_destroy(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { } static inline void percpu_counter_set(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount) { fbc->count = amount; } static inline int percpu_counter_compare(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 rhs) { if (fbc->count > rhs) return 1; else if (fbc->count < rhs) return -1; else return 0; } static inline int __percpu_counter_compare(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 rhs, s32 batch) { return percpu_counter_compare(fbc, rhs); } static inline void percpu_counter_add(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount) { preempt_disable(); fbc->count += amount; preempt_enable(); } static inline void percpu_counter_add_batch(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount, s32 batch) { percpu_counter_add(fbc, amount); } static inline s64 percpu_counter_read(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return fbc->count; } /* * percpu_counter is intended to track positive numbers. In the UP case the * number should never be negative. */ static inline s64 percpu_counter_read_positive(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return fbc->count; } static inline s64 percpu_counter_sum_positive(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(fbc); } static inline s64 percpu_counter_sum(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return percpu_counter_read(fbc); } static inline bool percpu_counter_initialized(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { return true; } static inline void percpu_counter_sync(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline void percpu_counter_inc(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { percpu_counter_add(fbc, 1); } static inline void percpu_counter_dec(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { percpu_counter_add(fbc, -1); } static inline void percpu_counter_sub(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount) { percpu_counter_add(fbc, -amount); } #endif /* _LINUX_PERCPU_COUNTER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPUSET_H #define _LINUX_CPUSET_H /* * cpuset interface * * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/topology.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* * Static branch rewrites can happen in an arbitrary order for a given * key. In code paths where we need to loop with read_mems_allowed_begin() and * read_mems_allowed_retry() to get a consistent view of mems_allowed, we need * to ensure that begin() always gets rewritten before retry() in the * disabled -> enabled transition. If not, then if local irqs are disabled * around the loop, we can deadlock since retry() would always be * comparing the latest value of the mems_allowed seqcount against 0 as * begin() still would see cpusets_enabled() as false. The enabled -> disabled * transition should happen in reverse order for the same reasons (want to stop * looking at real value of mems_allowed.sequence in retry() first). */ extern struct static_key_false cpusets_pre_enable_key; extern struct static_key_false cpusets_enabled_key; static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_inc(void) { static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_dec(void) { static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); } extern int cpuset_init(void); extern void cpuset_init_smp(void); extern void cpuset_force_rebuild(void); extern void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void); extern void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void); extern void cpuset_read_lock(void); extern void cpuset_read_unlock(void); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p); extern nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p); #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (current->mems_allowed) void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void); int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask); extern bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_node_allowed(node, gfp_mask); return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __cpuset_node_allowed(zone_to_nid(z), gfp_mask); } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_zone_allowed(z, gfp_mask); return true; } extern int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2); #define cpuset_memory_pressure_bump() \ do { \ if (cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled) \ __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(); \ } while (0) extern int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; extern void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void); extern void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task); extern int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk); extern int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void); extern int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void); static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_page(current); } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_slab(current); } extern bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void); extern void rebuild_sched_domains(void); extern void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void); /* * read_mems_allowed_begin is required when making decisions involving * mems_allowed such as during page allocation. mems_allowed can be updated in * parallel and depending on the new value an operation can fail potentially * causing process failure. A retry loop with read_mems_allowed_begin and * read_mems_allowed_retry prevents these artificial failures. */ static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_pre_enable_key)) return 0; return read_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); } /* * If this returns true, the operation that took place after * read_mems_allowed_begin may have failed artificially due to a concurrent * update of mems_allowed. It is up to the caller to retry the operation if * appropriate. */ static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key)) return false; return read_seqcount_retry(&current->mems_allowed_seq, seq); } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { unsigned long flags; task_lock(current); local_irq_save(flags); write_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); current->mems_allowed = nodemask; write_seqcount_end(&current->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_restore(flags); task_unlock(current); } #else /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuset_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void cpuset_init_smp(void) {} static inline void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { } static inline void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask) { cpumask_copy(mask, cpu_possible_mask); } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p) { return node_possible_map; } #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) {} static inline int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return 1; } static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return 1; } static inline void cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) {} static inline void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { return false; } static inline void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { } static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { return 0; } static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ #endif /* _LINUX_CPUSET_H */
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1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 1995 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * Copyright (C) 2008-2009, Red Hat Inc., Ingo Molnar */ #include <linux/sched.h> /* test_thread_flag(), ... */ #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> /* task_stack_*(), ... */ #include <linux/kdebug.h> /* oops_begin/end, ... */ #include <linux/extable.h> /* search_exception_tables */ #include <linux/memblock.h> /* max_low_pfn */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> /* NOKPROBE_SYMBOL, ... */ #include <linux/mmiotrace.h> /* kmmio_handler, ... */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> /* perf_sw_event */ #include <linux/hugetlb.h> /* hstate_index_to_shift */ #include <linux/prefetch.h> /* prefetchw */ #include <linux/context_tracking.h> /* exception_enter(), ... */ #include <linux/uaccess.h> /* faulthandler_disabled() */ #include <linux/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> /* boot_cpu_has, ... */ #include <asm/traps.h> /* dotraplinkage, ... */ #include <asm/fixmap.h> /* VSYSCALL_ADDR */ #include <asm/vsyscall.h> /* emulate_vsyscall */ #include <asm/vm86.h> /* struct vm86 */ #include <asm/mmu_context.h> /* vma_pkey() */ #include <asm/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <asm/desc.h> /* store_idt(), ... */ #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> /* exception stack */ #include <asm/pgtable_areas.h> /* VMALLOC_START, ... */ #include <asm/kvm_para.h> /* kvm_handle_async_pf */ #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <asm/trace/exceptions.h> /* * Returns 0 if mmiotrace is disabled, or if the fault is not * handled by mmiotrace: */ static nokprobe_inline int kmmio_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr) { if (unlikely(is_kmmio_active())) if (kmmio_handler(regs, addr) == 1) return -1; return 0; } /* * Prefetch quirks: * * 32-bit mode: * * Sometimes AMD Athlon/Opteron CPUs report invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. This is AMD erratum #91. * * 64-bit mode: * * Sometimes the CPU reports invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. * * Opcode checker based on code by Richard Brunner. */ static inline int check_prefetch_opcode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned char *instr, unsigned char opcode, int *prefetch) { unsigned char instr_hi = opcode & 0xf0; unsigned char instr_lo = opcode & 0x0f; switch (instr_hi) { case 0x20: case 0x30: /* * Values 0x26,0x2E,0x36,0x3E are valid x86 prefixes. * In X86_64 long mode, the CPU will signal invalid * opcode if some of these prefixes are present so * X86_64 will never get here anyway */ return ((instr_lo & 7) == 0x6); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 case 0x40: /* * In 64-bit mode 0x40..0x4F are valid REX prefixes */ return (!user_mode(regs) || user_64bit_mode(regs)); #endif case 0x60: /* 0x64 thru 0x67 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return (instr_lo & 0xC) == 0x4; case 0xF0: /* 0xF0, 0xF2, 0xF3 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return !instr_lo || (instr_lo>>1) == 1; case 0x00: /* Prefetch instruction is 0x0F0D or 0x0F18 */ if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) return 0; *prefetch = (instr_lo == 0xF) && (opcode == 0x0D || opcode == 0x18); return 0; default: return 0; } } static int is_prefetch(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long addr) { unsigned char *max_instr; unsigned char *instr; int prefetch = 0; /* * If it was a exec (instruction fetch) fault on NX page, then * do not ignore the fault: */ if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) return 0; instr = (void *)convert_ip_to_linear(current, regs); max_instr = instr + 15; /* * This code has historically always bailed out if IP points to a * not-present page (e.g. due to a race). No one has ever * complained about this. */ pagefault_disable(); while (instr < max_instr) { unsigned char opcode; if (user_mode(regs)) { if (get_user(opcode, instr)) break; } else { if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) break; } instr++; if (!check_prefetch_opcode(regs, instr, opcode, &prefetch)) break; } pagefault_enable(); return prefetch; } DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pgd_lock); LIST_HEAD(pgd_list); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline pmd_t *vmalloc_sync_one(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { unsigned index = pgd_index(address); pgd_t *pgd_k; p4d_t *p4d, *p4d_k; pud_t *pud, *pud_k; pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_k; pgd += index; pgd_k = init_mm.pgd + index; if (!pgd_present(*pgd_k)) return NULL; /* * set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_k); here would be useless on PAE * and redundant with the set_pmd() on non-PAE. As would * set_p4d/set_pud. */ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); p4d_k = p4d_offset(pgd_k, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d_k)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pud_k = pud_offset(p4d_k, address); if (!pud_present(*pud_k)) return NULL; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pmd_k = pmd_offset(pud_k, address); if (pmd_present(*pmd) != pmd_present(*pmd_k)) set_pmd(pmd, *pmd_k); if (!pmd_present(*pmd_k)) return NULL; else BUG_ON(pmd_pfn(*pmd) != pmd_pfn(*pmd_k)); return pmd_k; } /* * Handle a fault on the vmalloc or module mapping area * * This is needed because there is a race condition between the time * when the vmalloc mapping code updates the PMD to the point in time * where it synchronizes this update with the other page-tables in the * system. * * In this race window another thread/CPU can map an area on the same * PMD, finds it already present and does not synchronize it with the * rest of the system yet. As a result v[mz]alloc might return areas * which are not mapped in every page-table in the system, causing an * unhandled page-fault when they are accessed. */ static noinline int vmalloc_fault(unsigned long address) { unsigned long pgd_paddr; pmd_t *pmd_k; pte_t *pte_k; /* Make sure we are in vmalloc area: */ if (!(address >= VMALLOC_START && address < VMALLOC_END)) return -1; /* * Synchronize this task's top level page-table * with the 'reference' page table. * * Do _not_ use "current" here. We might be inside * an interrupt in the middle of a task switch.. */ pgd_paddr = read_cr3_pa(); pmd_k = vmalloc_sync_one(__va(pgd_paddr), address); if (!pmd_k) return -1; if (pmd_large(*pmd_k)) return 0; pte_k = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_k, address); if (!pte_present(*pte_k)) return -1; return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(vmalloc_fault); void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long addr; for (addr = start & PMD_MASK; addr >= TASK_SIZE_MAX && addr < VMALLOC_END; addr += PMD_SIZE) { struct page *page; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) { spinlock_t *pgt_lock; /* the pgt_lock only for Xen */ pgt_lock = &pgd_page_get_mm(page)->page_table_lock; spin_lock(pgt_lock); vmalloc_sync_one(page_address(page), addr); spin_unlock(pgt_lock); } spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); } } /* * Did it hit the DOS screen memory VA from vm86 mode? */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VM86 unsigned long bit; if (!v8086_mode(regs) || !tsk->thread.vm86) return; bit = (address - 0xA0000) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (bit < 32) tsk->thread.vm86->screen_bitmap |= 1 << bit; #endif } static bool low_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { return pfn < max_low_pfn; } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = &base[pgd_index(address)]; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE pr_info("*pdpt = %016Lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!low_pfn(pgd_val(*pgd) >> PAGE_SHIFT) || !pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; #define pr_pde pr_cont #else #define pr_pde pr_info #endif p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pr_pde("*pde = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pmd) * 2, (u64)pmd_val(*pmd)); #undef pr_pde /* * We must not directly access the pte in the highpte * case if the page table is located in highmem. * And let's rather not kmap-atomic the pte, just in case * it's allocated already: */ if (!low_pfn(pmd_pfn(*pmd)) || !pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); pr_cont("*pte = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pte) * 2, (u64)pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); } #else /* CONFIG_X86_64: */ #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD static const char errata93_warning[] = KERN_ERR "******* Your BIOS seems to not contain a fix for K8 errata #93\n" "******* Working around it, but it may cause SEGVs or burn power.\n" "******* Please consider a BIOS update.\n" "******* Disabling USB legacy in the BIOS may also help.\n"; #endif /* * No vm86 mode in 64-bit mode: */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { } static int bad_address(void *p) { unsigned long dummy; return get_kernel_nofault(dummy, (unsigned long *)p); } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = base + pgd_index(address); p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; if (bad_address(pgd)) goto bad; pr_info("PGD %lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (bad_address(p4d)) goto bad; pr_cont("P4D %lx ", p4d_val(*p4d)); if (!p4d_present(*p4d) || p4d_large(*p4d)) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (bad_address(pud)) goto bad; pr_cont("PUD %lx ", pud_val(*pud)); if (!pud_present(*pud) || pud_large(*pud)) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (bad_address(pmd)) goto bad; pr_cont("PMD %lx ", pmd_val(*pmd)); if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (bad_address(pte)) goto bad; pr_cont("PTE %lx", pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); return; bad: pr_info("BAD\n"); } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ /* * Workaround for K8 erratum #93 & buggy BIOS. * * BIOS SMM functions are required to use a specific workaround * to avoid corruption of the 64bit RIP register on C stepping K8. * * A lot of BIOS that didn't get tested properly miss this. * * The OS sees this as a page fault with the upper 32bits of RIP cleared. * Try to work around it here. * * Note we only handle faults in kernel here. * Does nothing on 32-bit. */ static int is_errata93(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD) if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_AMD || boot_cpu_data.x86 != 0xf) return 0; if (address != regs->ip) return 0; if ((address >> 32) != 0) return 0; address |= 0xffffffffUL << 32; if ((address >= (u64)_stext && address <= (u64)_etext) || (address >= MODULES_VADDR && address <= MODULES_END)) { printk_once(errata93_warning); regs->ip = address; return 1; } #endif return 0; } /* * Work around K8 erratum #100 K8 in compat mode occasionally jumps * to illegal addresses >4GB. * * We catch this in the page fault handler because these addresses * are not reachable. Just detect this case and return. Any code * segment in LDT is compatibility mode. */ static int is_errata100(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 if ((regs->cs == __USER32_CS || (regs->cs & (1<<2))) && (address >> 32)) return 1; #endif return 0; } /* Pentium F0 0F C7 C8 bug workaround: */ static int is_f00f_bug(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_F00F) && idt_is_f00f_address(address)) { handle_invalid_op(regs); return 1; } #endif return 0; } static void show_ldttss(const struct desc_ptr *gdt, const char *name, u16 index) { u32 offset = (index >> 3) * sizeof(struct desc_struct); unsigned long addr; struct ldttss_desc desc; if (index == 0) { pr_alert("%s: NULL\n", name); return; } if (offset + sizeof(struct ldttss_desc) >= gdt->size) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- out of bounds\n", name, index); return; } if (copy_from_kernel_nofault(&desc, (void *)(gdt->address + offset), sizeof(struct ldttss_desc))) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- GDT entry is not readable\n", name, index); return; } addr = desc.base0 | (desc.base1 << 16) | ((unsigned long)desc.base2 << 24); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 addr |= ((u64)desc.base3 << 32); #endif pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- base=0x%lx limit=0x%x\n", name, index, addr, (desc.limit0 | (desc.limit1 << 16))); } static void show_fault_oops(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!oops_may_print()) return; if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) { unsigned int level; pgd_t *pgd; pte_t *pte; pgd = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd += pgd_index(address); pte = lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd, address, &level); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_exec(*pte)) pr_crit("kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && pte_exec(*pte) && (pgd_flags(*pgd) & _PAGE_USER) && (__read_cr4() & X86_CR4_SMEP)) pr_crit("unable to execute userspace code (SMEP?) (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); } if (address < PAGE_SIZE && !user_mode(regs)) pr_alert("BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: %px\n", (void *)address); else pr_alert("BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: %px\n", (void *)address); pr_alert("#PF: %s %s in %s mode\n", (error_code & X86_PF_USER) ? "user" : "supervisor", (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) ? "instruction fetch" : (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) ? "write access" : "read access", user_mode(regs) ? "user" : "kernel"); pr_alert("#PF: error_code(0x%04lx) - %s\n", error_code, !(error_code & X86_PF_PROT) ? "not-present page" : (error_code & X86_PF_RSVD) ? "reserved bit violation" : (error_code & X86_PF_PK) ? "protection keys violation" : "permissions violation"); if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER) && user_mode(regs)) { struct desc_ptr idt, gdt; u16 ldtr, tr; /* * This can happen for quite a few reasons. The more obvious * ones are faults accessing the GDT, or LDT. Perhaps * surprisingly, if the CPU tries to deliver a benign or * contributory exception from user code and gets a page fault * during delivery, the page fault can be delivered as though * it originated directly from user code. This could happen * due to wrong permissions on the IDT, GDT, LDT, TSS, or * kernel or IST stack. */ store_idt(&idt); /* Usable even on Xen PV -- it's just slow. */ native_store_gdt(&gdt); pr_alert("IDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx) GDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx)\n", idt.address, idt.size, gdt.address, gdt.size); store_ldt(ldtr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "LDTR", ldtr); store_tr(tr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "TR", tr); } dump_pagetable(address); } static noinline void pgtable_bad(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long flags; int sig; flags = oops_begin(); tsk = current; sig = SIGKILL; printk(KERN_ALERT "%s: Corrupted page table at address %lx\n", tsk->comm, address); dump_pagetable(address); if (__die("Bad pagetable", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } static void set_signal_archinfo(unsigned long address, unsigned long error_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page * table layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to * kernel addresses are always protection faults. * * NB: This means that failed vsyscalls with vsyscall=none * will have the PROT bit. This doesn't leak any * information and does not appear to cause any problems. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; tsk->thread.trap_nr = X86_TRAP_PF; tsk->thread.error_code = error_code | X86_PF_USER; tsk->thread.cr2 = address; } static noinline void no_context(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, int signal, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned long flags; int sig; if (user_mode(regs)) { /* * This is an implicit supervisor-mode access from user * mode. Bypass all the kernel-mode recovery code and just * OOPS. */ goto oops; } /* Are we prepared to handle this kernel fault? */ if (fixup_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_PF, error_code, address)) { /* * Any interrupt that takes a fault gets the fixup. This makes * the below recursive fault logic only apply to a faults from * task context. */ if (in_interrupt()) return; /* * Per the above we're !in_interrupt(), aka. task context. * * In this case we need to make sure we're not recursively * faulting through the emulate_vsyscall() logic. */ if (current->thread.sig_on_uaccess_err && signal) { set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); /* XXX: hwpoison faults will set the wrong code. */ force_sig_fault(signal, si_code, (void __user *)address); } /* * Barring that, we can do the fixup and be happy. */ return; } #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK /* * Stack overflow? During boot, we can fault near the initial * stack in the direct map, but that's not an overflow -- check * that we're in vmalloc space to avoid this. */ if (is_vmalloc_addr((void *)address) && (((unsigned long)tsk->stack - 1 - address < PAGE_SIZE) || address - ((unsigned long)tsk->stack + THREAD_SIZE) < PAGE_SIZE)) { unsigned long stack = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(DF) - sizeof(void *); /* * We're likely to be running with very little stack space * left. It's plausible that we'd hit this condition but * double-fault even before we get this far, in which case * we're fine: the double-fault handler will deal with it. * * We don't want to make it all the way into the oops code * and then double-fault, though, because we're likely to * break the console driver and lose most of the stack dump. */ asm volatile ("movq %[stack], %%rsp\n\t" "call handle_stack_overflow\n\t" "1: jmp 1b" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT : "D" ("kernel stack overflow (page fault)"), "S" (regs), "d" (address), [stack] "rm" (stack)); unreachable(); } #endif /* * 32-bit: * * Valid to do another page fault here, because if this fault * had been triggered by is_prefetch fixup_exception would have * handled it. * * 64-bit: * * Hall of shame of CPU/BIOS bugs. */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata93(regs, address)) return; /* * Buggy firmware could access regions which might page fault, try to * recover from such faults. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EFI)) efi_recover_from_page_fault(address); oops: /* * Oops. The kernel tried to access some bad page. We'll have to * terminate things with extreme prejudice: */ flags = oops_begin(); show_fault_oops(regs, error_code, address); if (task_stack_end_corrupted(tsk)) printk(KERN_EMERG "Thread overran stack, or stack corrupted\n"); sig = SIGKILL; if (__die("Oops", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; /* Executive summary in case the body of the oops scrolled away */ printk(KERN_DEFAULT "CR2: %016lx\n", address); oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } /* * Print out info about fatal segfaults, if the show_unhandled_signals * sysctl is set: */ static inline void show_signal_msg(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { const char *loglvl = task_pid_nr(tsk) > 1 ? KERN_INFO : KERN_EMERG; if (!unhandled_signal(tsk, SIGSEGV)) return; if (!printk_ratelimit()) return; printk("%s%s[%d]: segfault at %lx ip %px sp %px error %lx", loglvl, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk), address, (void *)regs->ip, (void *)regs->sp, error_code); print_vma_addr(KERN_CONT " in ", regs->ip); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); show_opcodes(regs, loglvl); } /* * The (legacy) vsyscall page is the long page in the kernel portion * of the address space that has user-accessible permissions. */ static bool is_vsyscall_vaddr(unsigned long vaddr) { return unlikely((vaddr & PAGE_MASK) == VSYSCALL_ADDR); } static void __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* User mode accesses just cause a SIGSEGV */ if (user_mode(regs) && (error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { /* * It's possible to have interrupts off here: */ local_irq_enable(); /* * Valid to do another page fault here because this one came * from user space: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata100(regs, address)) return; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page table * layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to kernel addresses * are always protection faults. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; if (likely(show_unhandled_signals)) show_signal_msg(regs, error_code, address, tsk); set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); if (si_code == SEGV_PKUERR) force_sig_pkuerr((void __user *)address, pkey); force_sig_fault(SIGSEGV, si_code, (void __user *)address); local_irq_disable(); return; } if (is_f00f_bug(regs, address)) return; no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static void __bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; /* * Something tried to access memory that isn't in our memory map.. * Fix it, but check if it's kernel or user first.. */ mmap_read_unlock(mm); __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, pkey, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static inline bool bad_area_access_from_pkeys(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This code is always called on the current mm */ bool foreign = false; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return false; if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return true; /* this checks permission keys on the VMA: */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return true; return false; } static noinline void bad_area_access_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * This OSPKE check is not strictly necessary at runtime. * But, doing it this way allows compiler optimizations * if pkeys are compiled out. */ if (bad_area_access_from_pkeys(error_code, vma)) { /* * A protection key fault means that the PKRU value did not allow * access to some PTE. Userspace can figure out what PKRU was * from the XSAVE state. This function captures the pkey from * the vma and passes it to userspace so userspace can discover * which protection key was set on the PTE. * * If we get here, we know that the hardware signaled a X86_PF_PK * fault and that there was a VMA once we got in the fault * handler. It does *not* guarantee that the VMA we find here * was the one that we faulted on. * * 1. T1 : mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=4); * 2. T1 : set PKRU to deny access to pkey=4, touches page * 3. T1 : faults... * 4. T2: mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=5); * 5. T1 : enters fault handler, takes mmap_lock, etc... * 6. T1 : reaches here, sees vma_pkey(vma)=5, when we really * faulted on a pte with its pkey=4. */ u32 pkey = vma_pkey(vma); __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, pkey, SEGV_PKUERR); } else { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_ACCERR); } } static void do_sigbus(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* User-space => ok to do another page fault: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE if (fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned lsb = 0; pr_err( "MCE: Killing %s:%d due to hardware memory corruption fault at %lx\n", tsk->comm, tsk->pid, address); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE) lsb = hstate_index_to_shift(VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(fault)); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON) lsb = PAGE_SHIFT; force_sig_mceerr(BUS_MCEERR_AR, (void __user *)address, lsb); return; } #endif force_sig_fault(SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR, (void __user *)address); } static noinline void mm_fault_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, 0, 0); return; } if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR); return; } /* * We ran out of memory, call the OOM killer, and return the * userspace (which will retry the fault, or kill us if we got * oom-killed): */ pagefault_out_of_memory(); } else { if (fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON| VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) do_sigbus(regs, error_code, address, fault); else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV) bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address); else BUG(); } } static int spurious_kernel_fault_check(unsigned long error_code, pte_t *pte) { if ((error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) && !pte_write(*pte)) return 0; if ((error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) && !pte_exec(*pte)) return 0; return 1; } /* * Handle a spurious fault caused by a stale TLB entry. * * This allows us to lazily refresh the TLB when increasing the * permissions of a kernel page (RO -> RW or NX -> X). Doing it * eagerly is very expensive since that implies doing a full * cross-processor TLB flush, even if no stale TLB entries exist * on other processors. * * Spurious faults may only occur if the TLB contains an entry with * fewer permission than the page table entry. Non-present (P = 0) * and reserved bit (R = 1) faults are never spurious. * * There are no security implications to leaving a stale TLB when * increasing the permissions on a page. * * Returns non-zero if a spurious fault was handled, zero otherwise. * * See Intel Developer's Manual Vol 3 Section 4.10.4.3, bullet 3 * (Optional Invalidation). */ static noinline int spurious_kernel_fault(unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; int ret; /* * Only writes to RO or instruction fetches from NX may cause * spurious faults. * * These could be from user or supervisor accesses but the TLB * is only lazily flushed after a kernel mapping protection * change, so user accesses are not expected to cause spurious * faults. */ if (error_code != (X86_PF_WRITE | X86_PF_PROT) && error_code != (X86_PF_INSTR | X86_PF_PROT)) return 0; pgd = init_mm.pgd + pgd_index(address); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) return 0; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) return 0; if (p4d_large(*p4d)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) p4d); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (!pud_present(*pud)) return 0; if (pud_large(*pud)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pud); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) return 0; if (pmd_large(*pmd)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (!pte_present(*pte)) return 0; ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, pte); if (!ret) return 0; /* * Make sure we have permissions in PMD. * If not, then there's a bug in the page tables: */ ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); WARN_ONCE(!ret, "PMD has incorrect permission bits\n"); return ret; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(spurious_kernel_fault); int show_unhandled_signals = 1; static inline int access_error(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This is only called for the current mm, so: */ bool foreign = false; /* * Read or write was blocked by protection keys. This is * always an unconditional error and can never result in * a follow-up action to resolve the fault, like a COW. */ if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return 1; /* * Make sure to check the VMA so that we do not perform * faults just to hit a X86_PF_PK as soon as we fill in a * page. */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return 1; if (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) { /* write, present and write, not present: */ if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))) return 1; return 0; } /* read, present: */ if (unlikely(error_code & X86_PF_PROT)) return 1; /* read, not present: */ if (unlikely(!vma_is_accessible(vma))) return 1; return 0; } bool fault_in_kernel_space(unsigned long address) { /* * On 64-bit systems, the vsyscall page is at an address above * TASK_SIZE_MAX, but is not considered part of the kernel * address space. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) return false; return address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX; } /* * Called for all faults where 'address' is part of the kernel address * space. Might get called for faults that originate from *code* that * ran in userspace or the kernel. */ static void do_kern_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { /* * Protection keys exceptions only happen on user pages. We * have no user pages in the kernel portion of the address * space, so do not expect them here. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(hw_error_code & X86_PF_PK); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * We can fault-in kernel-space virtual memory on-demand. The * 'reference' page table is init_mm.pgd. * * NOTE! We MUST NOT take any locks for this case. We may * be in an interrupt or a critical region, and should * only copy the information from the master page table, * nothing more. * * Before doing this on-demand faulting, ensure that the * fault is not any of the following: * 1. A fault on a PTE with a reserved bit set. * 2. A fault caused by a user-mode access. (Do not demand- * fault kernel memory due to user-mode accesses). * 3. A fault caused by a page-level protection violation. * (A demand fault would be on a non-present page which * would have X86_PF_PROT==0). * * This is only needed to close a race condition on x86-32 in * the vmalloc mapping/unmapping code. See the comment above * vmalloc_fault() for details. On x86-64 the race does not * exist as the vmalloc mappings don't need to be synchronized * there. */ if (!(hw_error_code & (X86_PF_RSVD | X86_PF_USER | X86_PF_PROT))) { if (vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0) return; } #endif /* Was the fault spurious, caused by lazy TLB invalidation? */ if (spurious_kernel_fault(hw_error_code, address)) return; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF)) return; /* * Note, despite being a "bad area", there are quite a few * acceptable reasons to get here, such as erratum fixups * and handling kernel code that can fault, like get_user(). * * Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch * fault we could otherwise deadlock: */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_kern_addr_fault); /* Handle faults in the user portion of the address space */ static inline void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct task_struct *tsk; struct mm_struct *mm; vm_fault_t fault; unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT; tsk = current; mm = tsk->mm; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (unlikely(kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF))) return; /* * Reserved bits are never expected to be set on * entries in the user portion of the page tables. */ if (unlikely(hw_error_code & X86_PF_RSVD)) pgtable_bad(regs, hw_error_code, address); /* * If SMAP is on, check for invalid kernel (supervisor) access to user * pages in the user address space. The odd case here is WRUSS, * which, according to the preliminary documentation, does not respect * SMAP and will have the USER bit set so, in all cases, SMAP * enforcement appears to be consistent with the USER bit. */ if (unlikely(cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SMAP) && !(hw_error_code & X86_PF_USER) && !(regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_AC))) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * If we're in an interrupt, have no user context or are running * in a region with pagefaults disabled then we must not take the fault */ if (unlikely(faulthandler_disabled() || !mm)) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * It's safe to allow irq's after cr2 has been saved and the * vmalloc fault has been handled. * * User-mode registers count as a user access even for any * potential system fault or CPU buglet: */ if (user_mode(regs)) { local_irq_enable(); flags |= FAULT_FLAG_USER; } else { if (regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_IF) local_irq_enable(); } perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, address); if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * Faults in the vsyscall page might need emulation. The * vsyscall page is at a high address (>PAGE_OFFSET), but is * considered to be part of the user address space. * * The vsyscall page does not have a "real" VMA, so do this * emulation before we go searching for VMAs. * * PKRU never rejects instruction fetches, so we don't need * to consider the PF_PK bit. */ if (is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) { if (emulate_vsyscall(hw_error_code, regs, address)) return; } #endif /* * Kernel-mode access to the user address space should only occur * on well-defined single instructions listed in the exception * tables. But, an erroneous kernel fault occurring outside one of * those areas which also holds mmap_lock might deadlock attempting * to validate the fault against the address space. * * Only do the expensive exception table search when we might be at * risk of a deadlock. This happens if we * 1. Failed to acquire mmap_lock, and * 2. The access did not originate in userspace. */ if (unlikely(!mmap_read_trylock(mm))) { if (!user_mode(regs) && !search_exception_tables(regs->ip)) { /* * Fault from code in kernel from * which we do not expect faults. */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } retry: mmap_read_lock(mm); } else { /* * The above down_read_trylock() might have succeeded in * which case we'll have missed the might_sleep() from * down_read(): */ might_sleep(); } vma = find_vma(mm, address); if (unlikely(!vma)) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (likely(vma->vm_start <= address)) goto good_area; if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (unlikely(expand_stack(vma, address))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access, so * we can handle it.. */ good_area: if (unlikely(access_error(hw_error_code, vma))) { bad_area_access_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, vma); return; } /* * If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault, * make sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo * the fault. Since we never set FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, if * we get VM_FAULT_RETRY back, the mmap_lock has been unlocked. * * Note that handle_userfault() may also release and reacquire mmap_lock * (and not return with VM_FAULT_RETRY), when returning to userland to * repeat the page fault later with a VM_FAULT_NOPAGE retval * (potentially after handling any pending signal during the return to * userland). The return to userland is identified whenever * FAULT_FLAG_USER|FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE are both set in flags. */ fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags, regs); /* Quick path to respond to signals */ if (fault_signal_pending(fault, regs)) { if (!user_mode(regs)) no_context(regs, hw_error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* * If we need to retry the mmap_lock has already been released, * and if there is a fatal signal pending there is no guarantee * that we made any progress. Handle this case first. */ if (unlikely((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY))) { flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED; goto retry; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) { mm_fault_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, fault); return; } check_v8086_mode(regs, address, tsk); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_user_addr_fault); static __always_inline void trace_page_fault_entries(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!trace_pagefault_enabled()) return; if (user_mode(regs)) trace_page_fault_user(address, regs, error_code); else trace_page_fault_kernel(address, regs, error_code); } static __always_inline void handle_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { trace_page_fault_entries(regs, error_code, address); if (unlikely(kmmio_fault(regs, address))) return; /* Was the fault on kernel-controlled part of the address space? */ if (unlikely(fault_in_kernel_space(address))) { do_kern_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); } else { do_user_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); /* * User address page fault handling might have reenabled * interrupts. Fixing up all potential exit points of * do_user_addr_fault() and its leaf functions is just not * doable w/o creating an unholy mess or turning the code * upside down. */ local_irq_disable(); } } DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW_ERRORCODE(exc_page_fault) { unsigned long address = read_cr2(); irqentry_state_t state; prefetchw(&current->mm->mmap_lock); /* * KVM uses #PF vector to deliver 'page not present' events to guests * (asynchronous page fault mechanism). The event happens when a * userspace task is trying to access some valid (from guest's point of * view) memory which is not currently mapped by the host (e.g. the * memory is swapped out). Note, the corresponding "page ready" event * which is injected when the memory becomes available, is delived via * an interrupt mechanism and not a #PF exception * (see arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c: sysvec_kvm_asyncpf_interrupt()). * * We are relying on the interrupted context being sane (valid RSP, * relevant locks not held, etc.), which is fine as long as the * interrupted context had IF=1. We are also relying on the KVM * async pf type field and CR2 being read consistently instead of * getting values from real and async page faults mixed up. * * Fingers crossed. * * The async #PF handling code takes care of idtentry handling * itself. */ if (kvm_handle_async_pf(regs, (u32)address)) return; /* * Entry handling for valid #PF from kernel mode is slightly * different: RCU is already watching and rcu_irq_enter() must not * be invoked because a kernel fault on a user space address might * sleep. * * In case the fault hit a RCU idle region the conditional entry * code reenabled RCU to avoid subsequent wreckage which helps * debugability. */ state = irqentry_enter(regs); instrumentation_begin(); handle_page_fault(regs, error_code, address); instrumentation_end(); irqentry_exit(regs, state); }
8 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/jobctl.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <asm/ptrace.h> /* * Types defining task->signal and task->sighand and APIs using them: */ struct sighand_struct { spinlock_t siglock; refcount_t count; wait_queue_head_t signalfd_wqh; struct k_sigaction action[_NSIG]; }; /* * Per-process accounting stats: */ struct pacct_struct { int ac_flag; long ac_exitcode; unsigned long ac_mem; u64 ac_utime, ac_stime; unsigned long ac_minflt, ac_majflt; }; struct cpu_itimer { u64 expires; u64 incr; }; /* * This is the atomic variant of task_cputime, which can be used for * storing and updating task_cputime statistics without locking. */ struct task_cputime_atomic { atomic64_t utime; atomic64_t stime; atomic64_t sum_exec_runtime; }; #define INIT_CPUTIME_ATOMIC \ (struct task_cputime_atomic) { \ .utime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .stime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .sum_exec_runtime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ } /** * struct thread_group_cputimer - thread group interval timer counts * @cputime_atomic: atomic thread group interval timers. * * This structure contains the version of task_cputime, above, that is * used for thread group CPU timer calculations. */ struct thread_group_cputimer { struct task_cputime_atomic cputime_atomic; }; struct multiprocess_signals { sigset_t signal; struct hlist_node node; }; /* * NOTE! "signal_struct" does not have its own * locking, because a shared signal_struct always * implies a shared sighand_struct, so locking * sighand_struct is always a proper superset of * the locking of signal_struct. */ struct signal_struct { refcount_t sigcnt; atomic_t live; int nr_threads; struct list_head thread_head; wait_queue_head_t wait_chldexit; /* for wait4() */ /* current thread group signal load-balancing target: */ struct task_struct *curr_target; /* shared signal handling: */ struct sigpending shared_pending; /* For collecting multiprocess signals during fork */ struct hlist_head multiprocess; /* thread group exit support */ int group_exit_code; /* overloaded: * - notify group_exit_task when ->count is equal to notify_count * - everyone except group_exit_task is stopped during signal delivery * of fatal signals, group_exit_task processes the signal. */ int notify_count; struct task_struct *group_exit_task; /* thread group stop support, overloads group_exit_code too */ int group_stop_count; unsigned int flags; /* see SIGNAL_* flags below */ /* * PR_SET_CHILD_SUBREAPER marks a process, like a service * manager, to re-parent orphan (double-forking) child processes * to this process instead of 'init'. The service manager is * able to receive SIGCHLD signals and is able to investigate * the process until it calls wait(). All children of this * process will inherit a flag if they should look for a * child_subreaper process at exit. */ unsigned int is_child_subreaper:1; unsigned int has_child_subreaper:1; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS /* POSIX.1b Interval Timers */ int posix_timer_id; struct list_head posix_timers; /* ITIMER_REAL timer for the process */ struct hrtimer real_timer; ktime_t it_real_incr; /* * ITIMER_PROF and ITIMER_VIRTUAL timers for the process, we use * CPUCLOCK_PROF and CPUCLOCK_VIRT for indexing array as these * values are defined to 0 and 1 respectively */ struct cpu_itimer it[2]; /* * Thread group totals for process CPU timers. * See thread_group_cputimer(), et al, for details. */ struct thread_group_cputimer cputimer; #endif /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *pids[PIDTYPE_MAX]; #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif struct pid *tty_old_pgrp; /* boolean value for session group leader */ int leader; struct tty_struct *tty; /* NULL if no tty */ #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP struct autogroup *autogroup; #endif /* * Cumulative resource counters for dead threads in the group, * and for reaped dead child processes forked by this group. * Live threads maintain their own counters and add to these * in __exit_signal, except for the group leader. */ seqlock_t stats_lock; u64 utime, stime, cutime, cstime; u64 gtime; u64 cgtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; unsigned long nvcsw, nivcsw, cnvcsw, cnivcsw; unsigned long min_flt, maj_flt, cmin_flt, cmaj_flt; unsigned long inblock, oublock, cinblock, coublock; unsigned long maxrss, cmaxrss; struct task_io_accounting ioac; /* * Cumulative ns of schedule CPU time fo dead threads in the * group, not including a zombie group leader, (This only differs * from jiffies_to_ns(utime + stime) if sched_clock uses something * other than jiffies.) */ unsigned long long sum_sched_runtime; /* * We don't bother to synchronize most readers of this at all, * because there is no reader checking a limit that actually needs * to get both rlim_cur and rlim_max atomically, and either one * alone is a single word that can safely be read normally. * getrlimit/setrlimit use task_lock(current->group_leader) to * protect this instead of the siglock, because they really * have no need to disable irqs. */ struct rlimit rlim[RLIM_NLIMITS]; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct pacct_struct pacct; /* per-process accounting information */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASKSTATS struct taskstats *stats; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT unsigned audit_tty; struct tty_audit_buf *tty_audit_buf; #endif /* * Thread is the potential origin of an oom condition; kill first on * oom */ bool oom_flag_origin; short oom_score_adj; /* OOM kill score adjustment */ short oom_score_adj_min; /* OOM kill score adjustment min value. * Only settable by CAP_SYS_RESOURCE. */ struct mm_struct *oom_mm; /* recorded mm when the thread group got * killed by the oom killer */ struct mutex cred_guard_mutex; /* guard against foreign influences on * credential calculations * (notably. ptrace) * Deprecated do not use in new code. * Use exec_update_lock instead. */ struct rw_semaphore exec_update_lock; /* Held while task_struct is * being updated during exec, * and may have inconsistent * permissions. */ } __randomize_layout; /* * Bits in flags field of signal_struct. */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED 0x00000001 /* job control stop in effect */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED 0x00000002 /* SIGCONT since WCONTINUED reap */ #define SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT 0x00000004 /* group exit in progress */ #define SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP 0x00000008 /* coredump in progress */ /* * Pending notifications to parent. */ #define SIGNAL_CLD_STOPPED 0x00000010 #define SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED 0x00000020 #define SIGNAL_CLD_MASK (SIGNAL_CLD_STOPPED|SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED) #define SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE 0x00000040 /* for init: ignore fatal signals */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_MASK (SIGNAL_CLD_MASK | SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED | \ SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED) static inline void signal_set_stop_flags(struct signal_struct *sig, unsigned int flags) { WARN_ON(sig->flags & (SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT|SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP)); sig->flags = (sig->flags & ~SIGNAL_STOP_MASK) | flags; } /* If true, all threads except ->group_exit_task have pending SIGKILL */ static inline int signal_group_exit(const struct signal_struct *sig) { return (sig->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT) || (sig->group_exit_task != NULL); } extern void flush_signals(struct task_struct *); extern void ignore_signals(struct task_struct *); extern void flush_signal_handlers(struct task_struct *, int force_default); extern int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *task, sigset_t *mask, kernel_siginfo_t *info); static inline int kernel_dequeue_signal(void) { struct task_struct *task = current; kernel_siginfo_t __info; int ret; spin_lock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock); ret = dequeue_signal(task, &task->blocked, &__info); spin_unlock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock); return ret; } static inline void kernel_signal_stop(void) { spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); if (current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED) set_special_state(TASK_STOPPED); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); schedule(); } #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO # define ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(_a1) , _a1 #else # define ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(_a1) #endif #ifdef __ia64__ # define ___ARCH_SI_IA64(_a1, _a2, _a3) , _a1, _a2, _a3 #else # define ___ARCH_SI_IA64(_a1, _a2, _a3) #endif int force_sig_fault_to_task(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t); int force_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr)); int send_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t); int force_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *, short); int send_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *, short, struct task_struct *); int force_sig_bnderr(void __user *addr, void __user *lower, void __user *upper); int force_sig_pkuerr(void __user *addr, u32 pkey); int force_sig_ptrace_errno_trap(int errno, void __user *addr); extern int send_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *); extern void force_sigsegv(int sig); extern int force_sig_info(struct kernel_siginfo *); extern int __kill_pgrp_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pgrp); extern int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid); extern int kill_pid_usb_asyncio(int sig, int errno, sigval_t addr, struct pid *, const struct cred *); extern int kill_pgrp(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv); extern int kill_pid(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv); extern __must_check bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *, int); extern void __wake_up_parent(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *parent); extern void force_sig(int); extern int send_sig(int, struct task_struct *, int); extern int zap_other_threads(struct task_struct *p); extern struct sigqueue *sigqueue_alloc(void); extern void sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *); extern int send_sigqueue(struct sigqueue *, struct pid *, enum pid_type); extern int do_sigaction(int, struct k_sigaction *, struct k_sigaction *); static inline int restart_syscall(void) { set_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_SIGPENDING); return -ERESTARTNOINTR; } static inline int signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(p,TIF_SIGPENDING)); } static inline int __fatal_signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return unlikely(sigismember(&p->pending.signal, SIGKILL)); } static inline int fatal_signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return signal_pending(p) && __fatal_signal_pending(p); } static inline int signal_pending_state(long state, struct task_struct *p) { if (!(state & (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_WAKEKILL))) return 0; if (!signal_pending(p)) return 0; return (state & TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) || __fatal_signal_pending(p); } /* * This should only be used in fault handlers to decide whether we * should stop the current fault routine to handle the signals * instead, especially with the case where we've got interrupted with * a VM_FAULT_RETRY. */ static inline bool fault_signal_pending(vm_fault_t fault_flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { return unlikely((fault_flags & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && (fatal_signal_pending(current) || (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(current)))); } /* * Reevaluate whether the task has signals pending delivery. * Wake the task if so. * This is required every time the blocked sigset_t changes. * callers must hold sighand->siglock. */ extern void recalc_sigpending_and_wake(struct task_struct *t); extern void recalc_sigpending(void); extern void calculate_sigpending(void); extern void signal_wake_up_state(struct task_struct *t, unsigned int state); static inline void signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume) { signal_wake_up_state(t, resume ? TASK_WAKEKILL : 0); } static inline void ptrace_signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume) { signal_wake_up_state(t, resume ? __TASK_TRACED : 0); } void task_join_group_stop(struct task_struct *task); #ifdef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK /* * Legacy restore_sigmask accessors. These are inefficient on * SMP architectures because they require atomic operations. */ /** * set_restore_sigmask() - make sure saved_sigmask processing gets done * * This sets TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK and ensures that the arch signal code * will run before returning to user mode, to process the flag. For * all callers, TIF_SIGPENDING is already set or it's no harm to set * it. TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK need not be in the set of bits that the * arch code will notice on return to user mode, in case those bits * are scarce. We set TIF_SIGPENDING here to ensure that the arch * signal code always gets run when TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK is set. */ static inline void set_restore_sigmask(void) { set_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline void clear_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline void clear_restore_sigmask(void) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { return test_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_restore_sigmask(void) { return test_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_and_clear_restore_sigmask(void) { return test_and_clear_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } #else /* TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK */ /* Higher-quality implementation, used if TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK doesn't exist. */ static inline void set_restore_sigmask(void) { current->restore_sigmask = true; } static inline void clear_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { task->restore_sigmask = false; } static inline void clear_restore_sigmask(void) { current->restore_sigmask = false; } static inline bool test_restore_sigmask(void) { return current->restore_sigmask; } static inline bool test_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { return task->restore_sigmask; } static inline bool test_and_clear_restore_sigmask(void) { if (!current->restore_sigmask) return false; current->restore_sigmask = false; return true; } #endif static inline void restore_saved_sigmask(void) { if (test_and_clear_restore_sigmask()) __set_current_blocked(&current->saved_sigmask); } extern int set_user_sigmask(const sigset_t __user *umask, size_t sigsetsize); static inline void restore_saved_sigmask_unless(bool interrupted) { if (interrupted) WARN_ON(!test_thread_flag(TIF_SIGPENDING)); else restore_saved_sigmask(); } static inline sigset_t *sigmask_to_save(void) { sigset_t *res = &current->blocked; if (unlikely(test_restore_sigmask())) res = &current->saved_sigmask; return res; } static inline int kill_cad_pid(int sig, int priv) { return kill_pid(cad_pid, sig, priv); } /* These can be the second arg to send_sig_info/send_group_sig_info. */ #define SEND_SIG_NOINFO ((struct kernel_siginfo *) 0) #define SEND_SIG_PRIV ((struct kernel_siginfo *) 1) static inline int __on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return sp >= current->sas_ss_sp && sp - current->sas_ss_sp < current->sas_ss_size; #else return sp > current->sas_ss_sp && sp - current->sas_ss_sp <= current->sas_ss_size; #endif } /* * True if we are on the alternate signal stack. */ static inline int on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp) { /* * If the signal stack is SS_AUTODISARM then, by construction, we * can't be on the signal stack unless user code deliberately set * SS_AUTODISARM when we were already on it. * * This improves reliability: if user state gets corrupted such that * the stack pointer points very close to the end of the signal stack, * then this check will enable the signal to be handled anyway. */ if (current->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) return 0; return __on_sig_stack(sp); } static inline int sas_ss_flags(unsigned long sp) { if (!current->sas_ss_size) return SS_DISABLE; return on_sig_stack(sp) ? SS_ONSTACK : 0; } static inline void sas_ss_reset(struct task_struct *p) { p->sas_ss_sp = 0; p->sas_ss_size = 0; p->sas_ss_flags = SS_DISABLE; } static inline unsigned long sigsp(unsigned long sp, struct ksignal *ksig) { if (unlikely((ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK)) && ! sas_ss_flags(sp)) #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return current->sas_ss_sp; #else return current->sas_ss_sp + current->sas_ss_size; #endif return sp; } extern void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *); extern void flush_itimer_signals(void); #define tasklist_empty() \ list_empty(&init_task.tasks) #define next_task(p) \ list_entry_rcu((p)->tasks.next, struct task_struct, tasks) #define for_each_process(p) \ for (p = &init_task ; (p = next_task(p)) != &init_task ; ) extern bool current_is_single_threaded(void); /* * Careful: do_each_thread/while_each_thread is a double loop so * 'break' will not work as expected - use goto instead. */ #define do_each_thread(g, t) \ for (g = t = &init_task ; (g = t = next_task(g)) != &init_task ; ) do #define while_each_thread(g, t) \ while ((t = next_thread(t)) != g) #define __for_each_thread(signal, t) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(t, &(signal)->thread_head, thread_node) #define for_each_thread(p, t) \ __for_each_thread((p)->signal, t) /* Careful: this is a double loop, 'break' won't work as expected. */ #define for_each_process_thread(p, t) \ for_each_process(p) for_each_thread(p, t) typedef int (*proc_visitor)(struct task_struct *p, void *data); void walk_process_tree(struct task_struct *top, proc_visitor, void *); static inline struct pid *task_pid_type(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid; if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) pid = task_pid(task); else pid = task->signal->pids[type]; return pid; } static inline struct pid *task_tgid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_TGID]; } /* * Without tasklist or RCU lock it is not safe to dereference * the result of task_pgrp/task_session even if task == current, * we can race with another thread doing sys_setsid/sys_setpgid. */ static inline struct pid *task_pgrp(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_PGID]; } static inline struct pid *task_session(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_SID]; } static inline int get_nr_threads(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->nr_threads; } static inline bool thread_group_leader(struct task_struct *p) { return p->exit_signal >= 0; } static inline bool same_thread_group(struct task_struct *p1, struct task_struct *p2) { return p1->signal == p2->signal; } static inline struct task_struct *next_thread(const struct task_struct *p) { return list_entry_rcu(p->thread_group.next, struct task_struct, thread_group); } static inline int thread_group_empty(struct task_struct *p) { return list_empty(&p->thread_group); } #define delay_group_leader(p) \ (thread_group_leader(p) && !thread_group_empty(p)) extern bool thread_group_exited(struct pid *pid); extern struct sighand_struct *__lock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags); static inline struct sighand_struct *lock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags) { struct sighand_struct *ret; ret = __lock_task_sighand(task, flags); (void)__cond_lock(&task->sighand->siglock, ret); return ret; } static inline void unlock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task->sighand->siglock, *flags); } static inline unsigned long task_rlimit(const struct task_struct *task, unsigned int limit) { return READ_ONCE(task->signal->rlim[limit].rlim_cur); } static inline unsigned long task_rlimit_max(const struct task_struct *task, unsigned int limit) { return READ_ONCE(task->signal->rlim[limit].rlim_max); } static inline unsigned long rlimit(unsigned int limit) { return task_rlimit(current, limit); } static inline unsigned long rlimit_max(unsigned int limit) { return task_rlimit_max(current, limit); } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H */
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2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Linux Socket Filter - Kernel level socket filtering * * Based on the design of the Berkeley Packet Filter. The new * internal format has been designed by PLUMgrid: * * Copyright (c) 2011 - 2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com * * Authors: * * Jay Schulist <jschlst@samba.org> * Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> * Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> * * Andi Kleen - Fix a few bad bugs and races. * Kris Katterjohn - Added many additional checks in bpf_check_classic() */ #include <uapi/linux/btf.h> #include <linux/filter.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/bpf.h> #include <linux/btf.h> #include <linux/objtool.h> #include <linux/rbtree_latch.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/extable.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> /* Registers */ #define BPF_R0 regs[BPF_REG_0] #define BPF_R1 regs[BPF_REG_1] #define BPF_R2 regs[BPF_REG_2] #define BPF_R3 regs[BPF_REG_3] #define BPF_R4 regs[BPF_REG_4] #define BPF_R5 regs[BPF_REG_5] #define BPF_R6 regs[BPF_REG_6] #define BPF_R7 regs[BPF_REG_7] #define BPF_R8 regs[BPF_REG_8] #define BPF_R9 regs[BPF_REG_9] #define BPF_R10 regs[BPF_REG_10] /* Named registers */ #define DST regs[insn->dst_reg] #define SRC regs[insn->src_reg] #define FP regs[BPF_REG_FP] #define AX regs[BPF_REG_AX] #define ARG1 regs[BPF_REG_ARG1] #define CTX regs[BPF_REG_CTX] #define IMM insn->imm /* No hurry in this branch * * Exported for the bpf jit load helper. */ void *bpf_internal_load_pointer_neg_helper(const struct sk_buff *skb, int k, unsigned int size) { u8 *ptr = NULL; if (k >= SKF_NET_OFF) ptr = skb_network_header(skb) + k - SKF_NET_OFF; else if (k >= SKF_LL_OFF) ptr = skb_mac_header(skb) + k - SKF_LL_OFF; if (ptr >= skb->head && ptr + size <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return ptr; return NULL; } struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc_no_stats(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog_aux *aux; struct bpf_prog *fp; size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE); fp = __vmalloc(size, gfp_flags); if (fp == NULL) return NULL; aux = kzalloc(sizeof(*aux), GFP_KERNEL | gfp_extra_flags); if (aux == NULL) { vfree(fp); return NULL; } fp->pages = size / PAGE_SIZE; fp->aux = aux; fp->aux->prog = fp; fp->jit_requested = ebpf_jit_enabled(); INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(&fp->aux->ksym.lnode); mutex_init(&fp->aux->used_maps_mutex); mutex_init(&fp->aux->dst_mutex); return fp; } struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog *prog; int cpu; prog = bpf_prog_alloc_no_stats(size, gfp_extra_flags); if (!prog) return NULL; prog->aux->stats = alloc_percpu_gfp(struct bpf_prog_stats, gfp_flags); if (!prog->aux->stats) { kfree(prog->aux); vfree(prog); return NULL; } for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct bpf_prog_stats *pstats; pstats = per_cpu_ptr(prog->aux->stats, cpu); u64_stats_init(&pstats->syncp); } return prog; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_alloc); int bpf_prog_alloc_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { if (!prog->aux->nr_linfo || !prog->jit_requested) return 0; prog->aux->jited_linfo = kcalloc(prog->aux->nr_linfo, sizeof(*prog->aux->jited_linfo), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!prog->aux->jited_linfo) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } void bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { kfree(prog->aux->jited_linfo); prog->aux->jited_linfo = NULL; } void bpf_prog_free_unused_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { if (prog->aux->jited_linfo && !prog->aux->jited_linfo[0]) bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(prog); } /* The jit engine is responsible to provide an array * for insn_off to the jited_off mapping (insn_to_jit_off). * * The idx to this array is the insn_off. Hence, the insn_off * here is relative to the prog itself instead of the main prog. * This array has one entry for each xlated bpf insn. * * jited_off is the byte off to the last byte of the jited insn. * * Hence, with * insn_start: * The first bpf insn off of the prog. The insn off * here is relative to the main prog. * e.g. if prog is a subprog, insn_start > 0 * linfo_idx: * The prog's idx to prog->aux->linfo and jited_linfo * * jited_linfo[linfo_idx] = prog->bpf_func * * For i > linfo_idx, * * jited_linfo[i] = prog->bpf_func + * insn_to_jit_off[linfo[i].insn_off - insn_start - 1] */ void bpf_prog_fill_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog, const u32 *insn_to_jit_off) { u32 linfo_idx, insn_start, insn_end, nr_linfo, i; const struct bpf_line_info *linfo; void **jited_linfo; if (!prog->aux->jited_linfo) /* Userspace did not provide linfo */ return; linfo_idx = prog->aux->linfo_idx; linfo = &prog->aux->linfo[linfo_idx]; insn_start = linfo[0].insn_off; insn_end = insn_start + prog->len; jited_linfo = &prog->aux->jited_linfo[linfo_idx]; jited_linfo[0] = prog->bpf_func; nr_linfo = prog->aux->nr_linfo - linfo_idx; for (i = 1; i < nr_linfo && linfo[i].insn_off < insn_end; i++) /* The verifier ensures that linfo[i].insn_off is * strictly increasing */ jited_linfo[i] = prog->bpf_func + insn_to_jit_off[linfo[i].insn_off - insn_start - 1]; } void bpf_prog_free_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(prog); kvfree(prog->aux->linfo); } struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_realloc(struct bpf_prog *fp_old, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog *fp; u32 pages, delta; int ret; size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE); pages = size / PAGE_SIZE; if (pages <= fp_old->pages) return fp_old; delta = pages - fp_old->pages; ret = __bpf_prog_charge(fp_old->aux->user, delta); if (ret) return NULL; fp = __vmalloc(size, gfp_flags); if (fp == NULL) { __bpf_prog_uncharge(fp_old->aux->user, delta); } else { memcpy(fp, fp_old, fp_old->pages * PAGE_SIZE); fp->pages = pages; fp->aux->prog = fp; /* We keep fp->aux from fp_old around in the new * reallocated structure. */ fp_old->aux = NULL; __bpf_prog_free(fp_old); } return fp; } void __bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (fp->aux) { mutex_destroy(&fp->aux->used_maps_mutex); mutex_destroy(&fp->aux->dst_mutex); free_percpu(fp->aux->stats); kfree(fp->aux->poke_tab); kfree(fp->aux); } vfree(fp); } int bpf_prog_calc_tag(struct bpf_prog *fp) { const u32 bits_offset = SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE - sizeof(__be64); u32 raw_size = bpf_prog_tag_scratch_size(fp); u32 digest[SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS]; u32 ws[SHA1_WORKSPACE_WORDS]; u32 i, bsize, psize, blocks; struct bpf_insn *dst; bool was_ld_map; u8 *raw, *todo; __be32 *result; __be64 *bits; raw = vmalloc(raw_size); if (!raw) return -ENOMEM; sha1_init(digest); memset(ws, 0, sizeof(ws)); /* We need to take out the map fd for the digest calculation * since they are unstable from user space side. */ dst = (void *)raw; for (i = 0, was_ld_map = false; i < fp->len; i++) { dst[i] = fp->insnsi[i]; if (!was_ld_map && dst[i].code == (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW) && (dst[i].src_reg == BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD || dst[i].src_reg == BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_VALUE)) { was_ld_map = true; dst[i].imm = 0; } else if (was_ld_map && dst[i].code == 0 && dst[i].dst_reg == 0 && dst[i].src_reg == 0 && dst[i].off == 0) { was_ld_map = false; dst[i].imm = 0; } else { was_ld_map = false; } } psize = bpf_prog_insn_size(fp); memset(&raw[psize], 0, raw_size - psize); raw[psize++] = 0x80; bsize = round_up(psize, SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE); blocks = bsize / SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE; todo = raw; if (bsize - psize >= sizeof(__be64)) { bits = (__be64 *)(todo + bsize - sizeof(__be64)); } else { bits = (__be64 *)(todo + bsize + bits_offset); blocks++; } *bits = cpu_to_be64((psize - 1) << 3); while (blocks--) { sha1_transform(digest, todo, ws); todo += SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE; } result = (__force __be32 *)digest; for (i = 0; i < SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS; i++) result[i] = cpu_to_be32(digest[i]); memcpy(fp->tag, result, sizeof(fp->tag)); vfree(raw); return 0; } static int bpf_adj_delta_to_imm(struct bpf_insn *insn, u32 pos, s32 end_old, s32 end_new, s32 curr, const bool probe_pass) { const s64 imm_min = S32_MIN, imm_max = S32_MAX; s32 delta = end_new - end_old; s64 imm = insn->imm; if (curr < pos && curr + imm + 1 >= end_old) imm += delta; else if (curr >= end_new && curr + imm + 1 < end_new) imm -= delta; if (imm < imm_min || imm > imm_max) return -ERANGE; if (!probe_pass) insn->imm = imm; return 0; } static int bpf_adj_delta_to_off(struct bpf_insn *insn, u32 pos, s32 end_old, s32 end_new, s32 curr, const bool probe_pass) { const s32 off_min = S16_MIN, off_max = S16_MAX; s32 delta = end_new - end_old; s32 off = insn->off; if (curr < pos && curr + off + 1 >= end_old) off += delta; else if (curr >= end_new && curr + off + 1 < end_new) off -= delta; if (off < off_min || off > off_max) return -ERANGE; if (!probe_pass) insn->off = off; return 0; } static int bpf_adj_branches(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 pos, s32 end_old, s32 end_new, const bool probe_pass) { u32 i, insn_cnt = prog->len + (probe_pass ? end_new - end_old : 0); struct bpf_insn *insn = prog->insnsi; int ret = 0; for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++, insn++) { u8 code; /* In the probing pass we still operate on the original, * unpatched image in order to check overflows before we * do any other adjustments. Therefore skip the patchlet. */ if (probe_pass && i == pos) { i = end_new; insn = prog->insnsi + end_old; } code = insn->code; if ((BPF_CLASS(code) != BPF_JMP && BPF_CLASS(code) != BPF_JMP32) || BPF_OP(code) == BPF_EXIT) continue; /* Adjust offset of jmps if we cross patch boundaries. */ if (BPF_OP(code) == BPF_CALL) { if (insn->src_reg != BPF_PSEUDO_CALL) continue; ret = bpf_adj_delta_to_imm(insn, pos, end_old, end_new, i, probe_pass); } else { ret = bpf_adj_delta_to_off(insn, pos, end_old, end_new, i, probe_pass); } if (ret) break; } return ret; } static void bpf_adj_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, u32 delta) { struct bpf_line_info *linfo; u32 i, nr_linfo; nr_linfo = prog->aux->nr_linfo; if (!nr_linfo || !delta) return; linfo = prog->aux->linfo; for (i = 0; i < nr_linfo; i++) if (off < linfo[i].insn_off) break; /* Push all off < linfo[i].insn_off by delta */ for (; i < nr_linfo; i++) linfo[i].insn_off += delta; } struct bpf_prog *bpf_patch_insn_single(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, const struct bpf_insn *patch, u32 len) { u32 insn_adj_cnt, insn_rest, insn_delta = len - 1; const u32 cnt_max = S16_MAX; struct bpf_prog *prog_adj; int err; /* Since our patchlet doesn't expand the image, we're done. */ if (insn_delta == 0) { memcpy(prog->insnsi + off, patch, sizeof(*patch)); return prog; } insn_adj_cnt = prog->len + insn_delta; /* Reject anything that would potentially let the insn->off * target overflow when we have excessive program expansions. * We need to probe here before we do any reallocation where * we afterwards may not fail anymore. */ if (insn_adj_cnt > cnt_max && (err = bpf_adj_branches(prog, off, off + 1, off + len, true))) return ERR_PTR(err); /* Several new instructions need to be inserted. Make room * for them. Likely, there's no need for a new allocation as * last page could have large enough tailroom. */ prog_adj = bpf_prog_realloc(prog, bpf_prog_size(insn_adj_cnt), GFP_USER); if (!prog_adj) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); prog_adj->len = insn_adj_cnt; /* Patching happens in 3 steps: * * 1) Move over tail of insnsi from next instruction onwards, * so we can patch the single target insn with one or more * new ones (patching is always from 1 to n insns, n > 0). * 2) Inject new instructions at the target location. * 3) Adjust branch offsets if necessary. */ insn_rest = insn_adj_cnt - off - len; memmove(prog_adj->insnsi + off + len, prog_adj->insnsi + off + 1, sizeof(*patch) * insn_rest); memcpy(prog_adj->insnsi + off, patch, sizeof(*patch) * len); /* We are guaranteed to not fail at this point, otherwise * the ship has sailed to reverse to the original state. An * overflow cannot happen at this point. */ BUG_ON(bpf_adj_branches(prog_adj, off, off + 1, off + len, false)); bpf_adj_linfo(prog_adj, off, insn_delta); return prog_adj; } int bpf_remove_insns(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, u32 cnt) { /* Branch offsets can't overflow when program is shrinking, no need * to call bpf_adj_branches(..., true) here */ memmove(prog->insnsi + off, prog->insnsi + off + cnt, sizeof(struct bpf_insn) * (prog->len - off - cnt)); prog->len -= cnt; return WARN_ON_ONCE(bpf_adj_branches(prog, off, off + cnt, off, false)); } static void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del_subprogs(struct bpf_prog *fp) { int i; for (i = 0; i < fp->aux->func_cnt; i++) bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(fp->aux->func[i]); } void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del_all(struct bpf_prog *fp) { bpf_prog_kallsyms_del_subprogs(fp); bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(fp); } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_JIT /* All BPF JIT sysctl knobs here. */ int bpf_jit_enable __read_mostly = IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_BPF_JIT_DEFAULT_ON); int bpf_jit_kallsyms __read_mostly = IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_BPF_JIT_DEFAULT_ON); int bpf_jit_harden __read_mostly; long bpf_jit_limit __read_mostly; static void bpf_prog_ksym_set_addr(struct bpf_prog *prog) { const struct bpf_binary_header *hdr = bpf_jit_binary_hdr(prog); unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)hdr; WARN_ON_ONCE(!bpf_prog_ebpf_jited(prog)); prog->aux->ksym.start = (unsigned long) prog->bpf_func; prog->aux->ksym.end = addr + hdr->pages * PAGE_SIZE; } static void bpf_prog_ksym_set_name(struct bpf_prog *prog) { char *sym = prog->aux->ksym.name; const char *end = sym + KSYM_NAME_LEN; const struct btf_type *type; const char *func_name; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof("bpf_prog_") + sizeof(prog->tag) * 2 + /* name has been null terminated. * We should need +1 for the '_' preceding * the name. However, the null character * is double counted between the name and the * sizeof("bpf_prog_") above, so we omit * the +1 here. */ sizeof(prog->aux->name) > KSYM_NAME_LEN); sym += snprintf(sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN, "bpf_prog_"); sym = bin2hex(sym, prog->tag, sizeof(prog->tag)); /* prog->aux->name will be ignored if full btf name is available */ if (prog->aux->func_info_cnt) { type = btf_type_by_id(prog->aux->btf, prog->aux->func_info[prog->aux->func_idx].type_id); func_name = btf_name_by_offset(prog->aux->btf, type->name_off); snprintf(sym, (size_t)(end - sym), "_%s", func_name); return; } if (prog->aux->name[0]) snprintf(sym, (size_t)(end - sym), "_%s", prog->aux->name); else *sym = 0; } static unsigned long bpf_get_ksym_start(struct latch_tree_node *n) { return container_of(n, struct bpf_ksym, tnode)->start; } static __always_inline bool bpf_tree_less(struct latch_tree_node *a, struct latch_tree_node *b) { return bpf_get_ksym_start(a) < bpf_get_ksym_start(b); } static __always_inline int bpf_tree_comp(void *key, struct latch_tree_node *n) { unsigned long val = (unsigned long)key; const struct bpf_ksym *ksym; ksym = container_of(n, struct bpf_ksym, tnode); if (val < ksym->start) return -1; if (val >= ksym->end) return 1; return 0; } static const struct latch_tree_ops bpf_tree_ops = { .less = bpf_tree_less, .comp = bpf_tree_comp, }; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bpf_lock); static LIST_HEAD(bpf_kallsyms); static struct latch_tree_root bpf_tree __cacheline_aligned; void bpf_ksym_add(struct bpf_ksym *ksym) { spin_lock_bh(&bpf_lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&ksym->lnode)); list_add_tail_rcu(&ksym->lnode, &bpf_kallsyms); latch_tree_insert(&ksym->tnode, &bpf_tree, &bpf_tree_ops); spin_unlock_bh(&bpf_lock); } static void __bpf_ksym_del(struct bpf_ksym *ksym) { if (list_empty(&ksym->lnode)) return; latch_tree_erase(&ksym->tnode, &bpf_tree, &bpf_tree_ops); list_del_rcu(&ksym->lnode); } void bpf_ksym_del(struct bpf_ksym *ksym) { spin_lock_bh(&bpf_lock); __bpf_ksym_del(ksym); spin_unlock_bh(&bpf_lock); } static bool bpf_prog_kallsyms_candidate(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { return fp->jited && !bpf_prog_was_classic(fp); } static bool bpf_prog_kallsyms_verify_off(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { return list_empty(&fp->aux->ksym.lnode) || fp->aux->ksym.lnode.prev == LIST_POISON2; } void bpf_prog_kallsyms_add(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (!bpf_prog_kallsyms_candidate(fp) || !bpf_capable()) return; bpf_prog_ksym_set_addr(fp); bpf_prog_ksym_set_name(fp); fp->aux->ksym.prog = true; bpf_ksym_add(&fp->aux->ksym); } void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (!bpf_prog_kallsyms_candidate(fp)) return; bpf_ksym_del(&fp->aux->ksym); } static struct bpf_ksym *bpf_ksym_find(unsigned long addr) { struct latch_tree_node *n; n = latch_tree_find((void *)addr, &bpf_tree, &bpf_tree_ops); return n ? container_of(n, struct bpf_ksym, tnode) : NULL; } const char *__bpf_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *off, char *sym) { struct bpf_ksym *ksym; char *ret = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); ksym = bpf_ksym_find(addr); if (ksym) { unsigned long symbol_start = ksym->start; unsigned long symbol_end = ksym->end; strncpy(sym, ksym->name, KSYM_NAME_LEN); ret = sym; if (size) *size = symbol_end - symbol_start; if (off) *off = addr - symbol_start; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } bool is_bpf_text_address(unsigned long addr) { bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = bpf_ksym_find(addr) != NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_ksym_find(unsigned long addr) { struct bpf_ksym *ksym = bpf_ksym_find(addr); return ksym && ksym->prog ? container_of(ksym, struct bpf_prog_aux, ksym)->prog : NULL; } const struct exception_table_entry *search_bpf_extables(unsigned long addr) { const struct exception_table_entry *e = NULL; struct bpf_prog *prog; rcu_read_lock(); prog = bpf_prog_ksym_find(addr); if (!prog) goto out; if (!prog->aux->num_exentries) goto out; e = search_extable(prog->aux->extable, prog->aux->num_exentries, addr); out: rcu_read_unlock(); return e; } int bpf_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct bpf_ksym *ksym; unsigned int it = 0; int ret = -ERANGE; if (!bpf_jit_kallsyms_enabled()) return ret; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(ksym, &bpf_kallsyms, lnode) { if (it++ != symnum) continue; strncpy(sym, ksym->name, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *value = ksym->start; *type = BPF_SYM_ELF_TYPE; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int bpf_jit_add_poke_descriptor(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_jit_poke_descriptor *poke) { struct bpf_jit_poke_descriptor *tab = prog->aux->poke_tab; static const u32 poke_tab_max = 1024; u32 slot = prog->aux->size_poke_tab; u32 size = slot + 1; if (size > poke_tab_max) return -ENOSPC; if (poke->tailcall_target || poke->tailcall_target_stable || poke->tailcall_bypass || poke->adj_off || poke->bypass_addr) return -EINVAL; switch (poke->reason) { case BPF_POKE_REASON_TAIL_CALL: if (!poke->tail_call.map) return -EINVAL; break; default: return -EINVAL; } tab = krealloc(tab, size * sizeof(*poke), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tab) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(&tab[slot], poke, sizeof(*poke)); prog->aux->size_poke_tab = size; prog->aux->poke_tab = tab; return slot; } static atomic_long_t bpf_jit_current; /* Can be overridden by an arch's JIT compiler if it has a custom, * dedicated BPF backend memory area, or if neither of the two * below apply. */ u64 __weak bpf_jit_alloc_exec_limit(void) { #if defined(MODULES_VADDR) return MODULES_END - MODULES_VADDR; #else return VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START; #endif } static int __init bpf_jit_charge_init(void) { /* Only used as heuristic here to derive limit. */ bpf_jit_limit = min_t(u64, round_up(bpf_jit_alloc_exec_limit() >> 2, PAGE_SIZE), LONG_MAX); return 0; } pure_initcall(bpf_jit_charge_init); int bpf_jit_charge_modmem(u32 pages) { if (atomic_long_add_return(pages, &bpf_jit_current) > (bpf_jit_limit >> PAGE_SHIFT)) { if (!bpf_capable()) { atomic_long_sub(pages, &bpf_jit_current); return -EPERM; } } return 0; } void bpf_jit_uncharge_modmem(u32 pages) { atomic_long_sub(pages, &bpf_jit_current); } void *__weak bpf_jit_alloc_exec(unsigned long size) { return module_alloc(size); } void __weak bpf_jit_free_exec(void *addr) { module_memfree(addr); } struct bpf_binary_header * bpf_jit_binary_alloc(unsigned int proglen, u8 **image_ptr, unsigned int alignment, bpf_jit_fill_hole_t bpf_fill_ill_insns) { struct bpf_binary_header *hdr; u32 size, hole, start, pages; WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_power_of_2(alignment) || alignment > BPF_IMAGE_ALIGNMENT); /* Most of BPF filters are really small, but if some of them * fill a page, allow at least 128 extra bytes to insert a * random section of illegal instructions. */ size = round_up(proglen + sizeof(*hdr) + 128, PAGE_SIZE); pages = size / PAGE_SIZE; if (bpf_jit_charge_modmem(pages)) return NULL; hdr = bpf_jit_alloc_exec(size); if (!hdr) { bpf_jit_uncharge_modmem(pages); return NULL; } /* Fill space with illegal/arch-dep instructions. */ bpf_fill_ill_insns(hdr, size); hdr->pages = pages; hole = min_t(unsigned int, size - (proglen + sizeof(*hdr)), PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(*hdr)); start = (get_random_int() % hole) & ~(alignment - 1); /* Leave a random number of instructions before BPF code. */ *image_ptr = &hdr->image[start]; return hdr; } void bpf_jit_binary_free(struct bpf_binary_header *hdr) { u32 pages = hdr->pages; bpf_jit_free_exec(hdr); bpf_jit_uncharge_modmem(pages); } /* This symbol is only overridden by archs that have different * requirements than the usual eBPF JITs, f.e. when they only * implement cBPF JIT, do not set images read-only, etc. */ void __weak bpf_jit_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (fp->jited) { struct bpf_binary_header *hdr = bpf_jit_binary_hdr(fp); bpf_jit_binary_free(hdr); WARN_ON_ONCE(!bpf_prog_kallsyms_verify_off(fp)); } bpf_prog_unlock_free(fp); } int bpf_jit_get_func_addr(const struct bpf_prog *prog, const struct bpf_insn *insn, bool extra_pass, u64 *func_addr, bool *func_addr_fixed) { s16 off = insn->off; s32 imm = insn->imm; u8 *addr; *func_addr_fixed = insn->src_reg != BPF_PSEUDO_CALL; if (!*func_addr_fixed) { /* Place-holder address till the last pass has collected * all addresses for JITed subprograms in which case we * can pick them up from prog->aux. */ if (!extra_pass) addr = NULL; else if (prog->aux->func && off >= 0 && off < prog->aux->func_cnt) addr = (u8 *)prog->aux->func[off]->bpf_func; else return -EINVAL; } else { /* Address of a BPF helper call. Since part of the core * kernel, it's always at a fixed location. __bpf_call_base * and the helper with imm relative to it are both in core * kernel. */ addr = (u8 *)__bpf_call_base + imm; } *func_addr = (unsigned long)addr; return 0; } static int bpf_jit_blind_insn(const struct bpf_insn *from, const struct bpf_insn *aux, struct bpf_insn *to_buff, bool emit_zext) { struct bpf_insn *to = to_buff; u32 imm_rnd = get_random_int(); s16 off; BUILD_BUG_ON(BPF_REG_AX + 1 != MAX_BPF_JIT_REG); BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_BPF_REG + 1 != MAX_BPF_JIT_REG); /* Constraints on AX register: * * AX register is inaccessible from user space. It is mapped in * all JITs, and used here for constant blinding rewrites. It is * typically "stateless" meaning its contents are only valid within * the executed instruction, but not across several instructions. * There are a few exceptions however which are further detailed * below. * * Constant blinding is only used by JITs, not in the interpreter. * The interpreter uses AX in some occasions as a local temporary * register e.g. in DIV or MOD instructions. * * In restricted circumstances, the verifier can also use the AX * register for rewrites as long as they do not interfere with * the above cases! */ if (from->dst_reg == BPF_REG_AX || from->src_reg == BPF_REG_AX) goto out; if (from->imm == 0 && (from->code == (BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K) || from->code == (BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K))) { *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(BPF_XOR, from->dst_reg, from->dst_reg); goto out; } switch (from->code) { case BPF_ALU | BPF_ADD | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_SUB | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_AND | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_OR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_XOR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_MUL | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_DIV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOD | BPF_K: *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_ADD | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_SUB | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_AND | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_XOR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MUL | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_DIV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOD | BPF_K: *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JNE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSET | BPF_K: /* Accommodate for extra offset in case of a backjump. */ off = from->off; if (off < 0) off -= 2; *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_JMP_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX, off); break; case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JNE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSET | BPF_K: /* Accommodate for extra offset in case of a backjump. */ off = from->off; if (off < 0) off -= 2; *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_JMP32_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX, off); break; case BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW: *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ aux[1].imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_LSH, BPF_REG_AX, 32); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(BPF_MOV, aux[0].dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case 0: /* Part 2 of BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW. */ *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ aux[0].imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); if (emit_zext) *to++ = BPF_ZEXT_REG(BPF_REG_AX); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(BPF_OR, aux[0].dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_DW: case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_W: case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_H: case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_B: *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_STX_MEM(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX, from->off); break; } out: return to - to_buff; } static struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_clone_create(struct bpf_prog *fp_other, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog *fp; fp = __vmalloc(fp_other->pages * PAGE_SIZE, gfp_flags); if (fp != NULL) { /* aux->prog still points to the fp_other one, so * when promoting the clone to the real program, * this still needs to be adapted. */ memcpy(fp, fp_other, fp_other->pages * PAGE_SIZE); } return fp; } static void bpf_prog_clone_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { /* aux was stolen by the other clone, so we cannot free * it from this path! It will be freed eventually by the * other program on release. * * At this point, we don't need a deferred release since * clone is guaranteed to not be locked. */ fp->aux = NULL; __bpf_prog_free(fp); } void bpf_jit_prog_release_other(struct bpf_prog *fp, struct bpf_prog *fp_other) { /* We have to repoint aux->prog to self, as we don't * know whether fp here is the clone or the original. */ fp->aux->prog = fp; bpf_prog_clone_free(fp_other); } struct bpf_prog *bpf_jit_blind_constants(struct bpf_prog *prog) { struct bpf_insn insn_buff[16], aux[2]; struct bpf_prog *clone, *tmp; int insn_delta, insn_cnt; struct bpf_insn *insn; int i, rewritten; if (!bpf_jit_blinding_enabled(prog) || prog->blinded) return prog; clone = bpf_prog_clone_create(prog, GFP_USER); if (!clone) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); insn_cnt = clone->len; insn = clone->insnsi; for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++, insn++) { /* We temporarily need to hold the original ld64 insn * so that we can still access the first part in the * second blinding run. */ if (insn[0].code == (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW) && insn[1].code == 0) memcpy(aux, insn, sizeof(aux)); rewritten = bpf_jit_blind_insn(insn, aux, insn_buff, clone->aux->verifier_zext); if (!rewritten) continue; tmp = bpf_patch_insn_single(clone, i, insn_buff, rewritten); if (IS_ERR(tmp)) { /* Patching may have repointed aux->prog during * realloc from the original one, so we need to * fix it up here on error. */ bpf_jit_prog_release_other(prog, clone); return tmp; } clone = tmp; insn_delta = rewritten - 1; /* Walk new program and skip insns we just inserted. */ insn = clone->insnsi + i + insn_delta; insn_cnt += insn_delta; i += insn_delta; } clone->blinded = 1; return clone; } #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_JIT */ /* Base function for offset calculation. Needs to go into .text section, * therefore keeping it non-static as well; will also be used by JITs * anyway later on, so do not let the compiler omit it. This also needs * to go into kallsyms for correlation from e.g. bpftool, so naming * must not change. */ noinline u64 __bpf_call_base(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5) { return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__bpf_call_base); /* All UAPI available opcodes. */ #define BPF_INSN_MAP(INSN_2, INSN_3) \ /* 32 bit ALU operations. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU, ADD, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, SUB, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, AND, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, OR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, LSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, RSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, XOR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, MUL, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, ARSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, DIV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOD, X), \ INSN_2(ALU, NEG), \ INSN_3(ALU, END, TO_BE), \ INSN_3(ALU, END, TO_LE), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU, ADD, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, SUB, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, AND, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, OR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, LSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, RSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, XOR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, MUL, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, ARSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, DIV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOD, K), \ /* 64 bit ALU operations. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU64, ADD, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, SUB, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, AND, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, OR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, LSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, RSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, XOR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MUL, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, ARSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, DIV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOD, X), \ INSN_2(ALU64, NEG), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU64, ADD, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, SUB, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, AND, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, OR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, LSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, RSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, XOR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MUL, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, ARSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, DIV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOD, K), \ /* Call instruction. */ \ INSN_2(JMP, CALL), \ /* Exit instruction. */ \ INSN_2(JMP, EXIT), \ /* 32-bit Jump instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP32, JEQ, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JNE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSET, X), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP32, JEQ, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JNE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSET, K), \ /* Jump instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP, JEQ, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JNE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSET, X), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP, JEQ, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JNE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSET, K), \ INSN_2(JMP, JA), \ /* Store instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, B), \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, H), \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, W), \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, DW), \ INSN_3(STX, XADD, W), \ INSN_3(STX, XADD, DW), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, B), \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, H), \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, W), \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, DW), \ /* Load instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, B), \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, H), \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, W), \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, DW), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(LD, IMM, DW) bool bpf_opcode_in_insntable(u8 code) { #define BPF_INSN_2_TBL(x, y) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y] = true #define BPF_INSN_3_TBL(x, y, z) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y | BPF_##z] = true static const bool public_insntable[256] = { [0 ... 255] = false, /* Now overwrite non-defaults ... */ BPF_INSN_MAP(BPF_INSN_2_TBL, BPF_INSN_3_TBL), /* UAPI exposed, but rewritten opcodes. cBPF carry-over. */ [BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_B] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_H] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_W] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_B] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_H] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_W] = true, }; #undef BPF_INSN_3_TBL #undef BPF_INSN_2_TBL return public_insntable[code]; } #ifndef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON u64 __weak bpf_probe_read_kernel(void *dst, u32 size, const void *unsafe_ptr) { memset(dst, 0, size); return -EFAULT; } /** * __bpf_prog_run - run eBPF program on a given context * @regs: is the array of MAX_BPF_EXT_REG eBPF pseudo-registers * @insn: is the array of eBPF instructions * @stack: is the eBPF storage stack * * Decode and execute eBPF instructions. */ static u64 ___bpf_prog_run(u64 *regs, const struct bpf_insn *insn, u64 *stack) { #define BPF_INSN_2_LBL(x, y) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y] = &&x##_##y #define BPF_INSN_3_LBL(x, y, z) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y | BPF_##z] = &&x##_##y##_##z static const void * const jumptable[256] __annotate_jump_table = { [0 ... 255] = &&default_label, /* Now overwrite non-defaults ... */ BPF_INSN_MAP(BPF_INSN_2_LBL, BPF_INSN_3_LBL), /* Non-UAPI available opcodes. */ [BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL_ARGS] = &&JMP_CALL_ARGS, [BPF_JMP | BPF_TAIL_CALL] = &&JMP_TAIL_CALL, [BPF_ST | BPF_NOSPEC] = &&ST_NOSPEC, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_B] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_B, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_H] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_H, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_W] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_W, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_DW] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_DW, }; #undef BPF_INSN_3_LBL #undef BPF_INSN_2_LBL u32 tail_call_cnt = 0; #define CONT ({ insn++; goto select_insn; }) #define CONT_JMP ({ insn++; goto select_insn; }) select_insn: goto *jumptable[insn->code]; /* Explicitly mask the register-based shift amounts with 63 or 31 * to avoid undefined behavior. Normally this won't affect the * generated code, for example, in case of native 64 bit archs such * as x86-64 or arm64, the compiler is optimizing the AND away for * the interpreter. In case of JITs, each of the JIT backends compiles * the BPF shift operations to machine instructions which produce * implementation-defined results in such a case; the resulting * contents of the register may be arbitrary, but program behaviour * as a whole remains defined. In other words, in case of JIT backends, * the AND must /not/ be added to the emitted LSH/RSH/ARSH translation. */ /* ALU (shifts) */ #define SHT(OPCODE, OP) \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = DST OP (SRC & 63); \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = (u32) DST OP ((u32) SRC & 31); \ CONT; \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = DST OP IMM; \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = (u32) DST OP (u32) IMM; \ CONT; /* ALU (rest) */ #define ALU(OPCODE, OP) \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = DST OP SRC; \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = (u32) DST OP (u32) SRC; \ CONT; \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = DST OP IMM; \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = (u32) DST OP (u32) IMM; \ CONT; ALU(ADD, +) ALU(SUB, -) ALU(AND, &) ALU(OR, |) ALU(XOR, ^) ALU(MUL, *) SHT(LSH, <<) SHT(RSH, >>) #undef SHT #undef ALU ALU_NEG: DST = (u32) -DST; CONT; ALU64_NEG: DST = -DST; CONT; ALU_MOV_X: DST = (u32) SRC; CONT; ALU_MOV_K: DST = (u32) IMM; CONT; ALU64_MOV_X: DST = SRC; CONT; ALU64_MOV_K: DST = IMM; CONT; LD_IMM_DW: DST = (u64) (u32) insn[0].imm | ((u64) (u32) insn[1].imm) << 32; insn++; CONT; ALU_ARSH_X: DST = (u64) (u32) (((s32) DST) >> (SRC & 31)); CONT; ALU_ARSH_K: DST = (u64) (u32) (((s32) DST) >> IMM); CONT; ALU64_ARSH_X: (*(s64 *) &DST) >>= (SRC & 63); CONT; ALU64_ARSH_K: (*(s64 *) &DST) >>= IMM; CONT; ALU64_MOD_X: div64_u64_rem(DST, SRC, &AX); DST = AX; CONT; ALU_MOD_X: AX = (u32) DST; DST = do_div(AX, (u32) SRC); CONT; ALU64_MOD_K: div64_u64_rem(DST, IMM, &AX); DST = AX; CONT; ALU_MOD_K: AX = (u32) DST; DST = do_div(AX, (u32) IMM); CONT; ALU64_DIV_X: DST = div64_u64(DST, SRC); CONT; ALU_DIV_X: AX = (u32) DST; do_div(AX, (u32) SRC); DST = (u32) AX; CONT; ALU64_DIV_K: DST = div64_u64(DST, IMM); CONT; ALU_DIV_K: AX = (u32) DST; do_div(AX, (u32) IMM); DST = (u32) AX; CONT; ALU_END_TO_BE: switch (IMM) { case 16: DST = (__force u16) cpu_to_be16(DST); break; case 32: DST = (__force u32) cpu_to_be32(DST); break; case 64: DST = (__force u64) cpu_to_be64(DST); break; } CONT; ALU_END_TO_LE: switch (IMM) { case 16: DST = (__force u16) cpu_to_le16(DST); break; case 32: DST = (__force u32) cpu_to_le32(DST); break; case 64: DST = (__force u64) cpu_to_le64(DST); break; } CONT; /* CALL */ JMP_CALL: /* Function call scratches BPF_R1-BPF_R5 registers, * preserves BPF_R6-BPF_R9, and stores return value * into BPF_R0. */ BPF_R0 = (__bpf_call_base + insn->imm)(BPF_R1, BPF_R2, BPF_R3, BPF_R4, BPF_R5); CONT; JMP_CALL_ARGS: BPF_R0 = (__bpf_call_base_args + insn->imm)(BPF_R1, BPF_R2, BPF_R3, BPF_R4, BPF_R5, insn + insn->off + 1); CONT; JMP_TAIL_CALL: { struct bpf_map *map = (struct bpf_map *) (unsigned long) BPF_R2; struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map); struct bpf_prog *prog; u32 index = BPF_R3; if (unlikely(index >= array->map.max_entries)) goto out; if (unlikely(tail_call_cnt > MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT)) goto out; tail_call_cnt++; prog = READ_ONCE(array->ptrs[index]); if (!prog) goto out; /* ARG1 at this point is guaranteed to point to CTX from * the verifier side due to the fact that the tail call is * handled like a helper, that is, bpf_tail_call_proto, * where arg1_type is ARG_PTR_TO_CTX. */ insn = prog->insnsi; goto select_insn; out: CONT; } JMP_JA: insn += insn->off; CONT; JMP_EXIT: return BPF_R0; /* JMP */ #define COND_JMP(SIGN, OPCODE, CMP_OP) \ JMP_##OPCODE##_X: \ if ((SIGN##64) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##64) SRC) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; \ JMP32_##OPCODE##_X: \ if ((SIGN##32) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##32) SRC) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; \ JMP_##OPCODE##_K: \ if ((SIGN##64) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##64) IMM) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; \ JMP32_##OPCODE##_K: \ if ((SIGN##32) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##32) IMM) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; COND_JMP(u, JEQ, ==) COND_JMP(u, JNE, !=) COND_JMP(u, JGT, >) COND_JMP(u, JLT, <) COND_JMP(u, JGE, >=) COND_JMP(u, JLE, <=) COND_JMP(u, JSET, &) COND_JMP(s, JSGT, >) COND_JMP(s, JSLT, <) COND_JMP(s, JSGE, >=) COND_JMP(s, JSLE, <=) #undef COND_JMP /* ST, STX and LDX*/ ST_NOSPEC: /* Speculation barrier for mitigating Speculative Store Bypass. * In case of arm64, we rely on the firmware mitigation as * controlled via the ssbd kernel parameter. Whenever the * mitigation is enabled, it works for all of the kernel code * with no need to provide any additional instructions here. * In case of x86, we use 'lfence' insn for mitigation. We * reuse preexisting logic from Spectre v1 mitigation that * happens to produce the required code on x86 for v4 as well. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86 barrier_nospec(); #endif CONT; #define LDST(SIZEOP, SIZE) \ STX_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ *(SIZE *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off) = SRC; \ CONT; \ ST_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ *(SIZE *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off) = IMM; \ CONT; \ LDX_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ DST = *(SIZE *)(unsigned long) (SRC + insn->off); \ CONT; LDST(B, u8) LDST(H, u16) LDST(W, u32) LDST(DW, u64) #undef LDST #define LDX_PROBE(SIZEOP, SIZE) \ LDX_PROBE_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ bpf_probe_read_kernel(&DST, SIZE, (const void *)(long) (SRC + insn->off)); \ CONT; LDX_PROBE(B, 1) LDX_PROBE(H, 2) LDX_PROBE(W, 4) LDX_PROBE(DW, 8) #undef LDX_PROBE STX_XADD_W: /* lock xadd *(u32 *)(dst_reg + off16) += src_reg */ atomic_add((u32) SRC, (atomic_t *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off)); CONT; STX_XADD_DW: /* lock xadd *(u64 *)(dst_reg + off16) += src_reg */ atomic64_add((u64) SRC, (atomic64_t *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off)); CONT; default_label: /* If we ever reach this, we have a bug somewhere. Die hard here * instead of just returning 0; we could be somewhere in a subprog, * so execution could continue otherwise which we do /not/ want. * * Note, verifier whitelists all opcodes in bpf_opcode_in_insntable(). */ pr_warn("BPF interpreter: unknown opcode %02x\n", insn->code); BUG_ON(1); return 0; } #define PROG_NAME(stack_size) __bpf_prog_run##stack_size #define DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN(stack_size) \ static unsigned int PROG_NAME(stack_size)(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) \ { \ u64 stack[stack_size / sizeof(u64)]; \ u64 regs[MAX_BPF_EXT_REG]; \ \ FP = (u64) (unsigned long) &stack[ARRAY_SIZE(stack)]; \ ARG1 = (u64) (unsigned long) ctx; \ return ___bpf_prog_run(regs, insn, stack); \ } #define PROG_NAME_ARGS(stack_size) __bpf_prog_run_args##stack_size #define DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS(stack_size) \ static u64 PROG_NAME_ARGS(stack_size)(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5, \ const struct bpf_insn *insn) \ { \ u64 stack[stack_size / sizeof(u64)]; \ u64 regs[MAX_BPF_EXT_REG]; \ \ FP = (u64) (unsigned long) &stack[ARRAY_SIZE(stack)]; \ BPF_R1 = r1; \ BPF_R2 = r2; \ BPF_R3 = r3; \ BPF_R4 = r4; \ BPF_R5 = r5; \ return ___bpf_prog_run(regs, insn, stack); \ } #define EVAL1(FN, X) FN(X) #define EVAL2(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL1(FN, Y) #define EVAL3(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL2(FN, Y) #define EVAL4(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL3(FN, Y) #define EVAL5(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL4(FN, Y) #define EVAL6(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL5(FN, Y) EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192); EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384); EVAL4(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN, 416, 448, 480, 512); EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192); EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384); EVAL4(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS, 416, 448, 480, 512); #define PROG_NAME_LIST(stack_size) PROG_NAME(stack_size), static unsigned int (*interpreters[])(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) = { EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192) EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384) EVAL4(PROG_NAME_LIST, 416, 448, 480, 512) }; #undef PROG_NAME_LIST #define PROG_NAME_LIST(stack_size) PROG_NAME_ARGS(stack_size), static u64 (*interpreters_args[])(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5, const struct bpf_insn *insn) = { EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192) EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384) EVAL4(PROG_NAME_LIST, 416, 448, 480, 512) }; #undef PROG_NAME_LIST void bpf_patch_call_args(struct bpf_insn *insn, u32 stack_depth) { stack_depth = max_t(u32, stack_depth, 1); insn->off = (s16) insn->imm; insn->imm = interpreters_args[(round_up(stack_depth, 32) / 32) - 1] - __bpf_call_base_args; insn->code = BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL_ARGS; } #else static unsigned int __bpf_prog_ret0_warn(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) { /* If this handler ever gets executed, then BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON * is not working properly, so warn about it! */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return 0; } #endif bool bpf_prog_array_compatible(struct bpf_array *array, const struct bpf_prog *fp) { bool ret; if (fp->kprobe_override) return false; spin_lock(&array->aux->owner.lock); if (!array->aux->owner.type) { /* There's no owner yet where we could check for * compatibility. */ array->aux->owner.type = fp->type; array->aux->owner.jited = fp->jited; ret = true; } else { ret = array->aux->owner.type == fp->type && array->aux->owner.jited == fp->jited; } spin_unlock(&array->aux->owner.lock); return ret; } static int bpf_check_tail_call(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { struct bpf_prog_aux *aux = fp->aux; int i, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&aux->used_maps_mutex); for (i = 0; i < aux->used_map_cnt; i++) { struct bpf_map *map = aux->used_maps[i]; struct bpf_array *array; if (map->map_type != BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY) continue; array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map); if (!bpf_prog_array_compatible(array, fp)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } out: mutex_unlock(&aux->used_maps_mutex); return ret; } static void bpf_prog_select_func(struct bpf_prog *fp) { #ifndef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON u32 stack_depth = max_t(u32, fp->aux->stack_depth, 1); fp->bpf_func = interpreters[(round_up(stack_depth, 32) / 32) - 1]; #else fp->bpf_func = __bpf_prog_ret0_warn; #endif } /** * bpf_prog_select_runtime - select exec runtime for BPF program * @fp: bpf_prog populated with internal BPF program * @err: pointer to error variable * * Try to JIT eBPF program, if JIT is not available, use interpreter. * The BPF program will be executed via BPF_PROG_RUN() macro. */ struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_select_runtime(struct bpf_prog *fp, int *err) { /* In case of BPF to BPF calls, verifier did all the prep * work with regards to JITing, etc. */ if (fp->bpf_func) goto finalize; bpf_prog_select_func(fp); /* eBPF JITs can rewrite the program in case constant * blinding is active. However, in case of error during * blinding, bpf_int_jit_compile() must always return a * valid program, which in this case would simply not * be JITed, but falls back to the interpreter. */ if (!bpf_prog_is_dev_bound(fp->aux)) { *err = bpf_prog_alloc_jited_linfo(fp); if (*err) return fp; fp = bpf_int_jit_compile(fp); if (!fp->jited) { bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(fp); #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON *err = -ENOTSUPP; return fp; #endif } else { bpf_prog_free_unused_jited_linfo(fp); } } else { *err = bpf_prog_offload_compile(fp); if (*err) return fp; } finalize: bpf_prog_lock_ro(fp); /* The tail call compatibility check can only be done at * this late stage as we need to determine, if we deal * with JITed or non JITed program concatenations and not * all eBPF JITs might immediately support all features. */ *err = bpf_check_tail_call(fp); return fp; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_select_runtime); static unsigned int __bpf_prog_ret1(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) { return 1; } static struct bpf_prog_dummy { struct bpf_prog prog; } dummy_bpf_prog = { .prog = { .bpf_func = __bpf_prog_ret1, }, }; /* to avoid allocating empty bpf_prog_array for cgroups that * don't have bpf program attached use one global 'empty_prog_array' * It will not be modified the caller of bpf_prog_array_alloc() * (since caller requested prog_cnt == 0) * that pointer should be 'freed' by bpf_prog_array_free() */ static struct { struct bpf_prog_array hdr; struct bpf_prog *null_prog; } empty_prog_array = { .null_prog = NULL, }; struct bpf_prog_array *bpf_prog_array_alloc(u32 prog_cnt, gfp_t flags) { if (prog_cnt) return kzalloc(sizeof(struct bpf_prog_array) + sizeof(struct bpf_prog_array_item) * (prog_cnt + 1), flags); return &empty_prog_array.hdr; } void bpf_prog_array_free(struct bpf_prog_array *progs) { if (!progs || progs == &empty_prog_array.hdr) return; kfree_rcu(progs, rcu); } int bpf_prog_array_length(struct bpf_prog_array *array) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; u32 cnt = 0; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) if (item->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) cnt++; return cnt; } bool bpf_prog_array_is_empty(struct bpf_prog_array *array) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) if (item->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) return false; return true; } static bool bpf_prog_array_copy_core(struct bpf_prog_array *array, u32 *prog_ids, u32 request_cnt) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; int i = 0; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) { if (item->prog == &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) continue; prog_ids[i] = item->prog->aux->id; if (++i == request_cnt) { item++; break; } } return !!(item->prog); } int bpf_prog_array_copy_to_user(struct bpf_prog_array *array, __u32 __user *prog_ids, u32 cnt) { unsigned long err = 0; bool nospc; u32 *ids; /* users of this function are doing: * cnt = bpf_prog_array_length(); * if (cnt > 0) * bpf_prog_array_copy_to_user(..., cnt); * so below kcalloc doesn't need extra cnt > 0 check. */ ids = kcalloc(cnt, sizeof(u32), GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!ids) return -ENOMEM; nospc = bpf_prog_array_copy_core(array, ids, cnt); err = copy_to_user(prog_ids, ids, cnt * sizeof(u32)); kfree(ids); if (err) return -EFAULT; if (nospc) return -ENOSPC; return 0; } void bpf_prog_array_delete_safe(struct bpf_prog_array *array, struct bpf_prog *old_prog) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) if (item->prog == old_prog) { WRITE_ONCE(item->prog, &dummy_bpf_prog.prog); break; } } /** * bpf_prog_array_delete_safe_at() - Replaces the program at the given * index into the program array with * a dummy no-op program. * @array: a bpf_prog_array * @index: the index of the program to replace * * Skips over dummy programs, by not counting them, when calculating * the position of the program to replace. * * Return: * * 0 - Success * * -EINVAL - Invalid index value. Must be a non-negative integer. * * -ENOENT - Index out of range */ int bpf_prog_array_delete_safe_at(struct bpf_prog_array *array, int index) { return bpf_prog_array_update_at(array, index, &dummy_bpf_prog.prog); } /** * bpf_prog_array_update_at() - Updates the program at the given index * into the program array. * @array: a bpf_prog_array * @index: the index of the program to update * @prog: the program to insert into the array * * Skips over dummy programs, by not counting them, when calculating * the position of the program to update. * * Return: * * 0 - Success * * -EINVAL - Invalid index value. Must be a non-negative integer. * * -ENOENT - Index out of range */ int bpf_prog_array_update_at(struct bpf_prog_array *array, int index, struct bpf_prog *prog) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; if (unlikely(index < 0)) return -EINVAL; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) { if (item->prog == &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) continue; if (!index) { WRITE_ONCE(item->prog, prog); return 0; } index--; } return -ENOENT; } int bpf_prog_array_copy(struct bpf_prog_array *old_array, struct bpf_prog *exclude_prog, struct bpf_prog *include_prog, struct bpf_prog_array **new_array) { int new_prog_cnt, carry_prog_cnt = 0; struct bpf_prog_array_item *existing; struct bpf_prog_array *array; bool found_exclude = false; int new_prog_idx = 0; /* Figure out how many existing progs we need to carry over to * the new array. */ if (old_array) { existing = old_array->items; for (; existing->prog; existing++) { if (existing->prog == exclude_prog) { found_exclude = true; continue; } if (existing->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) carry_prog_cnt++; if (existing->prog == include_prog) return -EEXIST; } } if (exclude_prog && !found_exclude) return -ENOENT; /* How many progs (not NULL) will be in the new array? */ new_prog_cnt = carry_prog_cnt; if (include_prog) new_prog_cnt += 1; /* Do we have any prog (not NULL) in the new array? */ if (!new_prog_cnt) { *new_array = NULL; return 0; } /* +1 as the end of prog_array is marked with NULL */ array = bpf_prog_array_alloc(new_prog_cnt + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!array) return -ENOMEM; /* Fill in the new prog array */ if (carry_prog_cnt) { existing = old_array->items; for (; existing->prog; existing++) if (existing->prog != exclude_prog && existing->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) { array->items[new_prog_idx++].prog = existing->prog; } } if (include_prog) array->items[new_prog_idx++].prog = include_prog; array->items[new_prog_idx].prog = NULL; *new_array = array; return 0; } int bpf_prog_array_copy_info(struct bpf_prog_array *array, u32 *prog_ids, u32 request_cnt, u32 *prog_cnt) { u32 cnt = 0; if (array) cnt = bpf_prog_array_length(array); *prog_cnt = cnt; /* return early if user requested only program count or nothing to copy */ if (!request_cnt || !cnt) return 0; /* this function is called under trace/bpf_trace.c: bpf_event_mutex */ return bpf_prog_array_copy_core(array, prog_ids, request_cnt) ? -ENOSPC : 0; } void __bpf_free_used_maps(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux, struct bpf_map **used_maps, u32 len) { struct bpf_map *map; u32 i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) { map = used_maps[i]; if (map->ops->map_poke_untrack) map->ops->map_poke_untrack(map, aux); bpf_map_put(map); } } static void bpf_free_used_maps(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux) { __bpf_free_used_maps(aux, aux->used_maps, aux->used_map_cnt); kfree(aux->used_maps); } static void bpf_prog_free_deferred(struct work_struct *work) { struct bpf_prog_aux *aux; int i; aux = container_of(work, struct bpf_prog_aux, work); bpf_free_used_maps(aux); if (bpf_prog_is_dev_bound(aux)) bpf_prog_offload_destroy(aux->prog); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS if (aux->prog->has_callchain_buf) put_callchain_buffers(); #endif if (aux->dst_trampoline) bpf_trampoline_put(aux->dst_trampoline); for (i = 0; i < aux->func_cnt; i++) { /* We can just unlink the subprog poke descriptor table as * it was originally linked to the main program and is also * released along with it. */ aux->func[i]->aux->poke_tab = NULL; bpf_jit_free(aux->func[i]); } if (aux->func_cnt) { kfree(aux->func); bpf_prog_unlock_free(aux->prog); } else { bpf_jit_free(aux->prog); } } /* Free internal BPF program */ void bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { struct bpf_prog_aux *aux = fp->aux; if (aux->dst_prog) bpf_prog_put(aux->dst_prog); INIT_WORK(&aux->work, bpf_prog_free_deferred); schedule_work(&aux->work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_free); /* RNG for unpriviledged user space with separated state from prandom_u32(). */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rnd_state, bpf_user_rnd_state); void bpf_user_rnd_init_once(void) { prandom_init_once(&bpf_user_rnd_state); } BPF_CALL_0(bpf_user_rnd_u32) { /* Should someone ever have the rather unwise idea to use some * of the registers passed into this function, then note that * this function is called from native eBPF and classic-to-eBPF * transformations. Register assignments from both sides are * different, f.e. classic always sets fn(ctx, A, X) here. */ struct rnd_state *state; u32 res; state = &get_cpu_var(bpf_user_rnd_state); res = prandom_u32_state(state); put_cpu_var(bpf_user_rnd_state); return res; } BPF_CALL_0(bpf_get_raw_cpu_id) { return raw_smp_processor_id(); } /* Weak definitions of helper functions in case we don't have bpf syscall. */ const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_lookup_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_update_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_delete_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_push_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_pop_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_peek_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_spin_lock_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_spin_unlock_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_jiffies64_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_prandom_u32_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_smp_processor_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_numa_node_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_ktime_get_ns_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_ktime_get_boot_ns_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_pid_tgid_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_uid_gid_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_comm_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_cgroup_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_ancestor_cgroup_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_local_storage_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_ns_current_pid_tgid_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_snprintf_btf_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_seq_printf_btf_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto * __weak bpf_get_trace_printk_proto(void) { return NULL; } u64 __weak bpf_event_output(struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags, void *meta, u64 meta_size, void *ctx, u64 ctx_size, bpf_ctx_copy_t ctx_copy) { return -ENOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_event_output); /* Always built-in helper functions. */ const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_tail_call_proto = { .func = NULL, .gpl_only = false, .ret_type = RET_VOID, .arg1_type = ARG_PTR_TO_CTX, .arg2_type = ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR, .arg3_type = ARG_ANYTHING, }; /* Stub for JITs that only support cBPF. eBPF programs are interpreted. * It is encouraged to implement bpf_int_jit_compile() instead, so that * eBPF and implicitly also cBPF can get JITed! */ struct bpf_prog * __weak bpf_int_jit_compile(struct bpf_prog *prog) { return prog; } /* Stub for JITs that support eBPF. All cBPF code gets transformed into * eBPF by the kernel and is later compiled by bpf_int_jit_compile(). */ void __weak bpf_jit_compile(struct bpf_prog *prog) { } bool __weak bpf_helper_changes_pkt_data(void *func) { return false; } /* Return TRUE if the JIT backend wants verifier to enable sub-register usage * analysis code and wants explicit zero extension inserted by verifier. * Otherwise, return FALSE. */ bool __weak bpf_jit_needs_zext(void) { return false; } /* To execute LD_ABS/LD_IND instructions __bpf_prog_run() may call * skb_copy_bits(), so provide a weak definition of it for NET-less config. */ int __weak skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len) { return -EFAULT; } int __weak bpf_arch_text_poke(void *ip, enum bpf_text_poke_type t, void *addr1, void *addr2) { return -ENOTSUPP; } DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(bpf_stats_enabled_key); EXPORT_SYMBOL(bpf_stats_enabled_key); /* All definitions of tracepoints related to BPF. */ #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <linux/bpf_trace.h> EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(xdp_exception); EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(xdp_bulk_tx);
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * descriptor table internals; you almost certainly want file.h instead. */ #ifndef __LINUX_FDTABLE_H #define __LINUX_FDTABLE_H #include <linux/posix_types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* * The default fd array needs to be at least BITS_PER_LONG, * as this is the granularity returned by copy_fdset(). */ #define NR_OPEN_DEFAULT BITS_PER_LONG #define NR_OPEN_MAX ~0U struct fdtable { unsigned int max_fds; struct file __rcu **fd; /* current fd array */ unsigned long *close_on_exec; unsigned long *open_fds; unsigned long *full_fds_bits; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline bool close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, const struct fdtable *fdt) { return test_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline bool fd_is_open(unsigned int fd, const struct fdtable *fdt) { return test_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); } /* * Open file table structure */ struct files_struct { /* * read mostly part */ atomic_t count; bool resize_in_progress; wait_queue_head_t resize_wait; struct fdtable __rcu *fdt; struct fdtable fdtab; /* * written part on a separate cache line in SMP */ spinlock_t file_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; unsigned int next_fd; unsigned long close_on_exec_init[1]; unsigned long open_fds_init[1]; unsigned long full_fds_bits_init[1]; struct file __rcu * fd_array[NR_OPEN_DEFAULT]; }; struct file_operations; struct vfsmount; struct dentry; #define rcu_dereference_check_fdtable(files, fdtfd) \ rcu_dereference_check((fdtfd), lockdep_is_held(&(files)->file_lock)) #define files_fdtable(files) \ rcu_dereference_check_fdtable((files), (files)->fdt) /* * The caller must ensure that fd table isn't shared or hold rcu or file lock */ static inline struct file *__fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { struct fdtable *fdt = rcu_dereference_raw(files->fdt); if (fd < fdt->max_fds) { fd = array_index_nospec(fd, fdt->max_fds); return rcu_dereference_raw(fdt->fd[fd]); } return NULL; } static inline struct file *fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !lockdep_is_held(&files->file_lock), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); return __fcheck_files(files, fd); } /* * Check whether the specified fd has an open file. */ #define fcheck(fd) fcheck_files(current->files, fd) struct task_struct; struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *); void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *fs); void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *); int unshare_files(struct files_struct **); struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *, unsigned, int *) __latent_entropy; void do_close_on_exec(struct files_struct *); int iterate_fd(struct files_struct *, unsigned, int (*)(const void *, struct file *, unsigned), const void *); extern int __alloc_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned start, unsigned end, unsigned flags); extern void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, struct file *file); extern int __close_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd); extern int __close_range(unsigned int fd, unsigned int max_fd, unsigned int flags); extern int __close_fd_get_file(unsigned int fd, struct file **res); extern int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, unsigned int max_fds, struct files_struct **new_fdp); extern struct kmem_cache *files_cachep; #endif /* __LINUX_FDTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #define _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define REG_IN "D" #define REG_OUT "a" #else #define REG_IN "a" #define REG_OUT "a" #endif static __always_inline unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w) { unsigned int res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight32", "popcntl %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xffff); } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xff); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { return __arch_hweight32((u32)w) + __arch_hweight32((u32)(w >> 32)); } #else static __always_inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { unsigned long res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight64", "popcntq %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #define _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #include <asm/clocksource.h> #include <asm/pvclock-abi.h> /* some helper functions for xen and kvm pv clock sources */ u64 pvclock_clocksource_read(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); u8 pvclock_read_flags(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_set_flags(u8 flags); unsigned long pvclock_tsc_khz(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_read_wallclock(struct pvclock_wall_clock *wall, struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *vcpu, struct timespec64 *ts); void pvclock_resume(void); void pvclock_touch_watchdogs(void); static __always_inline unsigned pvclock_read_begin(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src) { unsigned version = src->version & ~1; /* Make sure that the version is read before the data. */ virt_rmb(); return version; } static __always_inline bool pvclock_read_retry(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, unsigned version) { /* Make sure that the version is re-read after the data. */ virt_rmb(); return unlikely(version != src->version); } /* * Scale a 64-bit delta by scaling and multiplying by a 32-bit fraction, * yielding a 64-bit result. */ static inline u64 pvclock_scale_delta(u64 delta, u32 mul_frac, int shift) { u64 product; #ifdef __i386__ u32 tmp1, tmp2; #else ulong tmp; #endif if (shift < 0) delta >>= -shift; else delta <<= shift; #ifdef __i386__ __asm__ ( "mul %5 ; " "mov %4,%%eax ; " "mov %%edx,%4 ; " "mul %5 ; " "xor %5,%5 ; " "add %4,%%eax ; " "adc %5,%%edx ; " : "=A" (product), "=r" (tmp1), "=r" (tmp2) : "a" ((u32)delta), "1" ((u32)(delta >> 32)), "2" (mul_frac) ); #elif defined(__x86_64__) __asm__ ( "mulq %[mul_frac] ; shrd $32, %[hi], %[lo]" : [lo]"=a"(product), [hi]"=d"(tmp) : "0"(delta), [mul_frac]"rm"((u64)mul_frac)); #else #error implement me! #endif return product; } static __always_inline u64 __pvclock_read_cycles(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, u64 tsc) { u64 delta = tsc - src->tsc_timestamp; u64 offset = pvclock_scale_delta(delta, src->tsc_to_system_mul, src->tsc_shift); return src->system_time + offset; } struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info { struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info pvti; } __attribute__((__aligned__(SMP_CACHE_BYTES))); #define PVTI_SIZE sizeof(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_CLOCK void pvclock_set_pvti_cpu0_va(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvti); struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void); #else static inline struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void) { return NULL; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Linux INET6 implementation * * Authors: * Pedro Roque <roque@di.fc.ul.pt> */ #ifndef _NET_IPV6_H #define _NET_IPV6_H #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/jump_label_ratelimit.h> #include <net/if_inet6.h> #include <net/ndisc.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #define SIN6_LEN_RFC2133 24 #define IPV6_MAXPLEN 65535 /* * NextHeader field of IPv6 header */ #define NEXTHDR_HOP 0 /* Hop-by-hop option header. */ #define NEXTHDR_TCP 6 /* TCP segment. */ #define NEXTHDR_UDP 17 /* UDP message. */ #define NEXTHDR_IPV6 41 /* IPv6 in IPv6 */ #define NEXTHDR_ROUTING 43 /* Routing header. */ #define NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT 44 /* Fragmentation/reassembly header. */ #define NEXTHDR_GRE 47 /* GRE header. */ #define NEXTHDR_ESP 50 /* Encapsulating security payload. */ #define NEXTHDR_AUTH 51 /* Authentication header. */ #define NEXTHDR_ICMP 58 /* ICMP for IPv6. */ #define NEXTHDR_NONE 59 /* No next header */ #define NEXTHDR_DEST 60 /* Destination options header. */ #define NEXTHDR_SCTP 132 /* SCTP message. */ #define NEXTHDR_MOBILITY 135 /* Mobility header. */ #define NEXTHDR_MAX 255 #define IPV6_DEFAULT_HOPLIMIT 64 #define IPV6_DEFAULT_MCASTHOPS 1 /* Limits on Hop-by-Hop and Destination options. * * Per RFC8200 there is no limit on the maximum number or lengths of options in * Hop-by-Hop or Destination options other then the packet must fit in an MTU. * We allow configurable limits in order to mitigate potential denial of * service attacks. * * There are three limits that may be set: * - Limit the number of options in a Hop-by-Hop or Destination options * extension header * - Limit the byte length of a Hop-by-Hop or Destination options extension * header * - Disallow unknown options * * The limits are expressed in corresponding sysctls: * * ipv6.sysctl.max_dst_opts_cnt * ipv6.sysctl.max_hbh_opts_cnt * ipv6.sysctl.max_dst_opts_len * ipv6.sysctl.max_hbh_opts_len * * max_*_opts_cnt is the number of TLVs that are allowed for Destination * options or Hop-by-Hop options. If the number is less than zero then unknown * TLVs are disallowed and the number of known options that are allowed is the * absolute value. Setting the value to INT_MAX indicates no limit. * * max_*_opts_len is the length limit in bytes of a Destination or * Hop-by-Hop options extension header. Setting the value to INT_MAX * indicates no length limit. * * If a limit is exceeded when processing an extension header the packet is * silently discarded. */ /* Default limits for Hop-by-Hop and Destination options */ #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_DST_OPTS_CNT 8 #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_HBH_OPTS_CNT 8 #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_DST_OPTS_LEN INT_MAX /* No limit */ #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_HBH_OPTS_LEN INT_MAX /* No limit */ /* * Addr type * * type - unicast | multicast * scope - local | site | global * v4 - compat * v4mapped * any * loopback */ #define IPV6_ADDR_ANY 0x0000U #define IPV6_ADDR_UNICAST 0x0001U #define IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST 0x0002U #define IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK 0x0010U #define IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL 0x0020U #define IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL 0x0040U #define IPV6_ADDR_COMPATv4 0x0080U #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK 0x00f0U #define IPV6_ADDR_MAPPED 0x1000U /* * Addr scopes */ #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x0f) /* nonstandard */ #define __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID -1 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_NODELOCAL 0x01 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL 0x02 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_SITELOCAL 0x05 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_ORGLOCAL 0x08 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_GLOBAL 0x0e /* * Addr flags */ #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_TRANSIENT(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x10) #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_PREFIX(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x20) #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_RENDEZVOUS(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x40) /* * fragmentation header */ struct frag_hdr { __u8 nexthdr; __u8 reserved; __be16 frag_off; __be32 identification; }; #define IP6_MF 0x0001 #define IP6_OFFSET 0xFFF8 struct ip6_fraglist_iter { struct ipv6hdr *tmp_hdr; struct sk_buff *frag; int offset; unsigned int hlen; __be32 frag_id; u8 nexthdr; }; int ip6_fraglist_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, u8 *prevhdr, u8 nexthdr, __be32 frag_id, struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter); void ip6_fraglist_prepare(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter); static inline struct sk_buff *ip6_fraglist_next(struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter) { struct sk_buff *skb = iter->frag; iter->frag = skb->next; skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); return skb; } struct ip6_frag_state { u8 *prevhdr; unsigned int hlen; unsigned int mtu; unsigned int left; int offset; int ptr; int hroom; int troom; __be32 frag_id; u8 nexthdr; }; void ip6_frag_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, unsigned int mtu, unsigned short needed_tailroom, int hdr_room, u8 *prevhdr, u8 nexthdr, __be32 frag_id, struct ip6_frag_state *state); struct sk_buff *ip6_frag_next(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_frag_state *state); #define IP6_REPLY_MARK(net, mark) \ ((net)->ipv6.sysctl.fwmark_reflect ? (mark) : 0) #include <net/sock.h> /* sysctls */ extern int sysctl_mld_max_msf; extern int sysctl_mld_qrv; #define _DEVINC(net, statname, mod, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS64((_idev)->stats.statname, (field));\ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) /* per device counters are atomic_long_t */ #define _DEVINCATOMIC(net, statname, mod, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((_idev)->stats.statname##dev, (field)); \ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) /* per device and per net counters are atomic_long_t */ #define _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, statname, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((_idev)->stats.statname##dev, (field)); \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) #define _DEVADD(net, statname, mod, idev, field, val) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_ADD_STATS((_idev)->stats.statname, (field), (val)); \ mod##SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field), (val));\ }) #define _DEVUPD(net, statname, mod, idev, field, val) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS((_idev)->stats.statname, field, (val)); \ mod##SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, field, (val));\ }) /* MIBs */ #define IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev,field) \ _DEVINC(net, ipv6, , idev, field) #define __IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev,field) \ _DEVINC(net, ipv6, __, idev, field) #define IP6_ADD_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVADD(net, ipv6, , idev, field, val) #define __IP6_ADD_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVADD(net, ipv6, __, idev, field, val) #define IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVUPD(net, ipv6, , idev, field, val) #define __IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVUPD(net, ipv6, __, idev, field, val) #define ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, , idev, field) #define __ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, __, idev, field) #define ICMP6MSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, idev, field +256) #define ICMP6MSGIN_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, idev, field) struct ip6_ra_chain { struct ip6_ra_chain *next; struct sock *sk; int sel; void (*destructor)(struct sock *); }; extern struct ip6_ra_chain *ip6_ra_chain; extern rwlock_t ip6_ra_lock; /* This structure is prepared by protocol, when parsing ancillary data and passed to IPv6. */ struct ipv6_txoptions { refcount_t refcnt; /* Length of this structure */ int tot_len; /* length of extension headers */ __u16 opt_flen; /* after fragment hdr */ __u16 opt_nflen; /* before fragment hdr */ struct ipv6_opt_hdr *hopopt; struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst0opt; struct ipv6_rt_hdr *srcrt; /* Routing Header */ struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst1opt; struct rcu_head rcu; /* Option buffer, as read by IPV6_PKTOPTIONS, starts here. */ }; /* flowlabel_reflect sysctl values */ enum flowlabel_reflect { FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_ESTABLISHED = 1, FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_TCP_RESET = 2, FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_ICMPV6_ECHO_REPLIES = 4, }; struct ip6_flowlabel { struct ip6_flowlabel __rcu *next; __be32 label; atomic_t users; struct in6_addr dst; struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; unsigned long linger; struct rcu_head rcu; u8 share; union { struct pid *pid; kuid_t uid; } owner; unsigned long lastuse; unsigned long expires; struct net *fl_net; }; #define IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x0FFFFFFF) #define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x000FFFFF) #define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_STATELESS_FLAG cpu_to_be32(0x00080000) #define IPV6_TCLASS_MASK (IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK & ~IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK) #define IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT 20 struct ipv6_fl_socklist { struct ipv6_fl_socklist __rcu *next; struct ip6_flowlabel *fl; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ipcm6_cookie { struct sockcm_cookie sockc; __s16 hlimit; __s16 tclass; __s8 dontfrag; struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; __u16 gso_size; }; static inline void ipcm6_init(struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6) { *ipc6 = (struct ipcm6_cookie) { .hlimit = -1, .tclass = -1, .dontfrag = -1, }; } static inline void ipcm6_init_sk(struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, const struct ipv6_pinfo *np) { *ipc6 = (struct ipcm6_cookie) { .hlimit = -1, .tclass = np->tclass, .dontfrag = np->dontfrag, }; } static inline struct ipv6_txoptions *txopt_get(const struct ipv6_pinfo *np) { struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; rcu_read_lock(); opt = rcu_dereference(np->opt); if (opt) { if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&opt->refcnt)) opt = NULL; else opt = rcu_pointer_handoff(opt); } rcu_read_unlock(); return opt; } static inline void txopt_put(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt) { if (opt && refcount_dec_and_test(&opt->refcnt)) kfree_rcu(opt, rcu); } struct ip6_flowlabel *__fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, __be32 label); extern struct static_key_false_deferred ipv6_flowlabel_exclusive; static inline struct ip6_flowlabel *fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, __be32 label) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&ipv6_flowlabel_exclusive.key)) return __fl6_sock_lookup(sk, label) ? : ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); return NULL; } struct ipv6_txoptions *fl6_merge_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space, struct ip6_flowlabel *fl, struct ipv6_txoptions *fopt); void fl6_free_socklist(struct sock *sk); int ipv6_flowlabel_opt(struct sock *sk, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); int ipv6_flowlabel_opt_get(struct sock *sk, struct in6_flowlabel_req *freq, int flags); int ip6_flowlabel_init(void); void ip6_flowlabel_cleanup(void); bool ip6_autoflowlabel(struct net *net, const struct ipv6_pinfo *np); static inline void fl6_sock_release(struct ip6_flowlabel *fl) { if (fl) atomic_dec(&fl->users); } void icmpv6_notify(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __be32 info); void icmpv6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct icmp6hdr *thdr, int len); int ip6_ra_control(struct sock *sk, int sel); int ipv6_parse_hopopts(struct sk_buff *skb); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_dup_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_renew_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, int newtype, struct ipv6_opt_hdr *newopt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_fixup_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); bool ipv6_opt_accepted(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct inet6_skb_parm *opt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_update_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); static inline bool ipv6_accept_ra(struct inet6_dev *idev) { /* If forwarding is enabled, RA are not accepted unless the special * hybrid mode (accept_ra=2) is enabled. */ return idev->cnf.forwarding ? idev->cnf.accept_ra == 2 : idev->cnf.accept_ra; } #define IPV6_FRAG_HIGH_THRESH (4 * 1024*1024) /* 4194304 */ #define IPV6_FRAG_LOW_THRESH (3 * 1024*1024) /* 3145728 */ #define IPV6_FRAG_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) /* 60 seconds */ int __ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr); static inline int ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & 0xffff; } static inline int ipv6_addr_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK; } static inline int __ipv6_addr_src_scope(int type) { return (type == IPV6_ADDR_ANY) ? __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID : (type >> 16); } static inline int ipv6_addr_src_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_src_scope(__ipv6_addr_type(addr)); } static inline bool __ipv6_addr_needs_scope_id(int type) { return type & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL || (type & IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST && (type & (IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK|IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL))); } static inline __u32 ipv6_iface_scope_id(const struct in6_addr *addr, int iface) { return __ipv6_addr_needs_scope_id(__ipv6_addr_type(addr)) ? iface : 0; } static inline int ipv6_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { return memcmp(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); } static inline bool ipv6_masked_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *m, const struct in6_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ulm = (const unsigned long *)m; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return !!(((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) & ulm[0]) | ((ul1[1] ^ ul2[1]) & ulm[1])); #else return !!(((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) & m->s6_addr32[0]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) & m->s6_addr32[1]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) & m->s6_addr32[2]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3]) & m->s6_addr32[3])); #endif } static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix(struct in6_addr *pfx, const struct in6_addr *addr, int plen) { /* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */ int o = plen >> 3, b = plen & 0x7; memset(pfx->s6_addr, 0, sizeof(pfx->s6_addr)); memcpy(pfx->s6_addr, addr, o); if (b != 0) pfx->s6_addr[o] = addr->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b); } static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix_copy(struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *pfx, int plen) { /* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */ int o = plen >> 3, b = plen & 0x7; memcpy(addr->s6_addr, pfx, o); if (b != 0) { addr->s6_addr[o] &= ~(0xff00 >> b); addr->s6_addr[o] |= (pfx->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b)); } } static inline void __ipv6_addr_set_half(__be32 *addr, __be32 wh, __be32 wl) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN) if (__builtin_constant_p(wh) && __builtin_constant_p(wl)) { *(__force u64 *)addr = ((__force u64)(wh) << 32 | (__force u64)(wl)); return; } #elif defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN) if (__builtin_constant_p(wl) && __builtin_constant_p(wh)) { *(__force u64 *)addr = ((__force u64)(wl) << 32 | (__force u64)(wh)); return; } #endif #endif addr[0] = wh; addr[1] = wl; } static inline void ipv6_addr_set(struct in6_addr *addr, __be32 w1, __be32 w2, __be32 w3, __be32 w4) { __ipv6_addr_set_half(&addr->s6_addr32[0], w1, w2); __ipv6_addr_set_half(&addr->s6_addr32[2], w3, w4); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_equal(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return ((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) | (ul1[1] ^ ul2[1])) == 0UL; #else return ((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) | (a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) | (a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) | (a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3])) == 0; #endif } #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline bool __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(const __be64 *a1, const __be64 *a2, unsigned int len) { if (len && ((*a1 ^ *a2) & cpu_to_be64((~0UL) << (64 - len)))) return false; return true; } static inline bool ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *addr1, const struct in6_addr *addr2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be64 *a1 = (const __be64 *)addr1; const __be64 *a2 = (const __be64 *)addr2; if (prefixlen >= 64) { if (a1[0] ^ a2[0]) return false; return __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(a1 + 1, a2 + 1, prefixlen - 64); } return __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(a1, a2, prefixlen); } #else static inline bool ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *addr1, const struct in6_addr *addr2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be32 *a1 = addr1->s6_addr32; const __be32 *a2 = addr2->s6_addr32; unsigned int pdw, pbi; /* check complete u32 in prefix */ pdw = prefixlen >> 5; if (pdw && memcmp(a1, a2, pdw << 2)) return false; /* check incomplete u32 in prefix */ pbi = prefixlen & 0x1f; if (pbi && ((a1[pdw] ^ a2[pdw]) & htonl((0xffffffff) << (32 - pbi)))) return false; return true; } #endif static inline bool ipv6_addr_any(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul = (const unsigned long *)a; return (ul[0] | ul[1]) == 0UL; #else return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] | a->s6_addr32[2] | a->s6_addr32[3]) == 0; #endif } static inline u32 ipv6_addr_hash(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul = (const unsigned long *)a; unsigned long x = ul[0] ^ ul[1]; return (u32)(x ^ (x >> 32)); #else return (__force u32)(a->s6_addr32[0] ^ a->s6_addr32[1] ^ a->s6_addr32[2] ^ a->s6_addr32[3]); #endif } /* more secured version of ipv6_addr_hash() */ static inline u32 __ipv6_addr_jhash(const struct in6_addr *a, const u32 initval) { u32 v = (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[0] ^ (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[1]; return jhash_3words(v, (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[2], (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[3], initval); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_loopback(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const __be64 *be = (const __be64 *)a; return (be[0] | (be[1] ^ cpu_to_be64(1))) == 0UL; #else return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] | a->s6_addr32[2] | (a->s6_addr32[3] ^ cpu_to_be32(1))) == 0; #endif } /* * Note that we must __force cast these to unsigned long to make sparse happy, * since all of the endian-annotated types are fixed size regardless of arch. */ static inline bool ipv6_addr_v4mapped(const struct in6_addr *a) { return ( #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 *(unsigned long *)a | #else (__force unsigned long)(a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1]) | #endif (__force unsigned long)(a->s6_addr32[2] ^ cpu_to_be32(0x0000ffff))) == 0UL; } static inline bool ipv6_addr_v4mapped_loopback(const struct in6_addr *a) { return ipv6_addr_v4mapped(a) && ipv4_is_loopback(a->s6_addr32[3]); } static inline u32 ipv6_portaddr_hash(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr6, unsigned int port) { unsigned int hash, mix = net_hash_mix(net); if (ipv6_addr_any(addr6)) hash = jhash_1word(0, mix); else if (ipv6_addr_v4mapped(addr6)) hash = jhash_1word((__force u32)addr6->s6_addr32[3], mix); else hash = jhash2((__force u32 *)addr6->s6_addr32, 4, mix); return hash ^ port; } /* * Check for a RFC 4843 ORCHID address * (Overlay Routable Cryptographic Hash Identifiers) */ static inline bool ipv6_addr_orchid(const struct in6_addr *a) { return (a->s6_addr32[0] & htonl(0xfffffff0)) == htonl(0x20010010); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_multicast(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return (addr->s6_addr32[0] & htonl(0xFF000000)) == htonl(0xFF000000); } static inline void ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(const __be32 addr, struct in6_addr *v4mapped) { ipv6_addr_set(v4mapped, 0, 0, htonl(0x0000FFFF), addr); } /* * find the first different bit between two addresses * length of address must be a multiple of 32bits */ static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff32(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { const __be32 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2; int i; addrlen >>= 2; for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) { __be32 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i]; if (xb) return i * 32 + 31 - __fls(ntohl(xb)); } /* * we should *never* get to this point since that * would mean the addrs are equal * * However, we do get to it 8) And exacly, when * addresses are equal 8) * * ip route add 1111::/128 via ... * ip route add 1111::/64 via ... * and we are here. * * Ideally, this function should stop comparison * at prefix length. It does not, but it is still OK, * if returned value is greater than prefix length. * --ANK (980803) */ return addrlen << 5; } #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff64(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { const __be64 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2; int i; addrlen >>= 3; for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) { __be64 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i]; if (xb) return i * 64 + 63 - __fls(be64_to_cpu(xb)); } return addrlen << 6; } #endif static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 if (__builtin_constant_p(addrlen) && !(addrlen & 7)) return __ipv6_addr_diff64(token1, token2, addrlen); #endif return __ipv6_addr_diff32(token1, token2, addrlen); } static inline int ipv6_addr_diff(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { return __ipv6_addr_diff(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); } __be32 ipv6_select_ident(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr); __be32 ipv6_proxy_select_ident(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_dst_hoplimit(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline int ip6_sk_dst_hoplimit(struct ipv6_pinfo *np, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct dst_entry *dst) { int hlimit; if (ipv6_addr_is_multicast(&fl6->daddr)) hlimit = np->mcast_hops; else hlimit = np->hop_limit; if (hlimit < 0) hlimit = ip6_dst_hoplimit(dst); return hlimit; } /* copy IPv6 saddr & daddr to flow_keys, possibly using 64bit load/store * Equivalent to : flow->v6addrs.src = iph->saddr; * flow->v6addrs.dst = iph->daddr; */ static inline void iph_to_flow_copy_v6addrs(struct flow_keys *flow, const struct ipv6hdr *iph) { BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v6addrs.dst) != offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v6addrs.src) + sizeof(flow->addrs.v6addrs.src)); memcpy(&flow->addrs.v6addrs, &iph->saddr, sizeof(flow->addrs.v6addrs)); flow->control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool ipv6_can_nonlocal_bind(struct net *net, struct inet_sock *inet) { return net->ipv6.sysctl.ip_nonlocal_bind || inet->freebind || inet->transparent; } /* Sysctl settings for net ipv6.auto_flowlabels */ #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF 0 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT 1 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTIN 2 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED 3 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_MAX IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED #define IP6_DEFAULT_AUTO_FLOW_LABELS IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowlabel(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 flowlabel, bool autolabel, struct flowi6 *fl6) { u32 hash; /* @flowlabel may include more than a flow label, eg, the traffic class. * Here we want only the flow label value. */ flowlabel &= IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; if (flowlabel || net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels == IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF || (!autolabel && net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels != IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED)) return flowlabel; hash = skb_get_hash_flowi6(skb, fl6); /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only lower 20 bits are relevant. */ hash = rol32(hash, 16); flowlabel = (__force __be32)hash & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; if (net->ipv6.sysctl.flowlabel_state_ranges) flowlabel |= IPV6_FLOWLABEL_STATELESS_FLAG; return flowlabel; } static inline int ip6_default_np_autolabel(struct net *net) { switch (net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels) { case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF: case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTIN: default: return 0; case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT: case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED: return 1; } } #else static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowlabel(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 flowlabel, bool autolabel, struct flowi6 *fl6) { return flowlabel; } static inline int ip6_default_np_autolabel(struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ip6_multipath_hash_policy(const struct net *net) { return net->ipv6.sysctl.multipath_hash_policy; } #else static inline int ip6_multipath_hash_policy(const struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif /* * Header manipulation */ static inline void ip6_flow_hdr(struct ipv6hdr *hdr, unsigned int tclass, __be32 flowlabel) { *(__be32 *)hdr = htonl(0x60000000 | (tclass << 20)) | flowlabel; } static inline __be32 ip6_flowinfo(const struct ipv6hdr *hdr) { return *(__be32 *)hdr & IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK; } static inline __be32 ip6_flowlabel(const struct ipv6hdr *hdr) { return *(__be32 *)hdr & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; } static inline u8 ip6_tclass(__be32 flowinfo) { return ntohl(flowinfo & IPV6_TCLASS_MASK) >> IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT; } static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowinfo(unsigned int tclass, __be32 flowlabel) { return htonl(tclass << IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT) | flowlabel; } static inline __be32 flowi6_get_flowlabel(const struct flowi6 *fl6) { return fl6->flowlabel & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; } /* * Prototypes exported by ipv6 */ /* * rcv function (called from netdevice level) */ int ipv6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); void ipv6_list_rcv(struct list_head *head, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); int ip6_rcv_finish(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* * upper-layer output functions */ int ip6_xmit(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi6 *fl6, __u32 mark, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, int tclass, u32 priority); int ip6_find_1stfragopt(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 **nexthdr); int ip6_append_data(struct sock *sk, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct rt6_info *rt, unsigned int flags); int ip6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void ip6_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int ip6_send_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__ip6_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, struct inet_cork_full *cork, struct inet6_cork *v6_cork); struct sk_buff *ip6_make_skb(struct sock *sk, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct rt6_info *rt, unsigned int flags, struct inet_cork_full *cork); static inline struct sk_buff *ip6_finish_skb(struct sock *sk) { return __ip6_make_skb(sk, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet_sk(sk)->cork, &inet6_sk(sk)->cork); } int ip6_dst_lookup(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry **dst, struct flowi6 *fl6); struct dst_entry *ip6_dst_lookup_flow(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct in6_addr *final_dst); struct dst_entry *ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct in6_addr *final_dst, bool connected); struct dst_entry *ip6_dst_lookup_tunnel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net, struct socket *sock, struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info, u8 protocol, bool use_cache); struct dst_entry *ip6_blackhole_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *orig_dst); /* * skb processing functions */ int ip6_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_forward(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_mc_input(struct sk_buff *skb); void ip6_protocol_deliver_rcu(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, bool have_final); int __ip6_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Extension header (options) processing */ void ipv6_push_nfrag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, u8 *proto, struct in6_addr **daddr_p, struct in6_addr *saddr); void ipv6_push_frag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, u8 *proto); int ipv6_skip_exthdr(const struct sk_buff *, int start, u8 *nexthdrp, __be16 *frag_offp); bool ipv6_ext_hdr(u8 nexthdr); enum { IP6_FH_F_FRAG = (1 << 0), IP6_FH_F_AUTH = (1 << 1), IP6_FH_F_SKIP_RH = (1 << 2), }; /* find specified header and get offset to it */ int ipv6_find_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int *offset, int target, unsigned short *fragoff, int *fragflg); int ipv6_find_tlv(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int type); struct in6_addr *fl6_update_dst(struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, struct in6_addr *orig); /* * socket options (ipv6_sockglue.c) */ int ipv6_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int ipv6_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int __ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_connect_v6_only(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_dst_update(struct sock *sk, bool fix_sk_saddr); void ip6_datagram_release_cb(struct sock *sk); int ipv6_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); int ipv6_recv_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); void ipv6_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, __be16 port, u32 info, u8 *payload); void ipv6_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 info); void ipv6_local_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 mtu); int inet6_release(struct socket *sock); int inet6_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int inet6_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet6_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet6_compat_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet6_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); int inet6_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int inet6_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); /* * reassembly.c */ extern const struct proto_ops inet6_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet6_dgram_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet6_sockraw_ops; struct group_source_req; struct group_filter; int ip6_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk, struct group_source_req *pgsr); int ip6_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage *list); int ip6_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage __user *p); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net); void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int raw6_proc_init(void); void raw6_proc_exit(void); int tcp6_proc_init(struct net *net); void tcp6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int udp6_proc_init(struct net *net); void udp6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int udplite6_proc_init(void); void udplite6_proc_exit(void); int ipv6_misc_proc_init(void); void ipv6_misc_proc_exit(void); int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); #else static inline int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net) { } static inline int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; } static inline int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table *ipv6_icmp_sysctl_init(struct net *net); struct ctl_table *ipv6_route_sysctl_init(struct net *net); int ipv6_sysctl_register(void); void ipv6_sysctl_unregister(void); #endif int ipv6_sock_mc_join(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); int ipv6_sock_mc_join_ssm(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode); int ipv6_sock_mc_drop(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); static inline int ip6_sock_set_v6only(struct sock *sk) { if (inet_sk(sk)->inet_num) return -EINVAL; lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_ipv6only = true; release_sock(sk); return 0; } static inline void ip6_sock_set_recverr(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); inet6_sk(sk)->recverr = true; release_sock(sk); } static inline int __ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(struct sock *sk, int val) { unsigned int pref = 0; unsigned int prefmask = ~0; /* check PUBLIC/TMP/PUBTMP_DEFAULT conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBTMP_DEFAULT)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC; prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP; prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBTMP_DEFAULT: prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* check HOME/COA conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_HOME | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_HOME: prefmask &= ~IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA; break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA; break; case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* check CGA/NONCGA conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_CGA|IPV6_PREFER_SRC_NONCGA)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_CGA: case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_NONCGA: case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } inet6_sk(sk)->srcprefs = (inet6_sk(sk)->srcprefs & prefmask) | pref; return 0; } static inline int ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(struct sock *sk, bool val) { int ret; lock_sock(sk); ret = __ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(sk, val); release_sock(sk); return ret; } static inline void ip6_sock_set_recvpktinfo(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); inet6_sk(sk)->rxopt.bits.rxinfo = true; release_sock(sk); } #endif /* _NET_IPV6_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * This file holds USB constants and structures that are needed for * USB device APIs. These are used by the USB device model, which is * defined in chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification and in the * Wireless USB 1.0 (spread around). Linux has several APIs in C that * need these: * * - the master/host side Linux-USB kernel driver API; * - the "usbfs" user space API; and * - the Linux "gadget" slave/device/peripheral side driver API. * * USB 2.0 adds an additional "On The Go" (OTG) mode, which lets systems * act either as a USB master/host or as a USB slave/device. That means * the master and slave side APIs benefit from working well together. * * There's also "Wireless USB", using low power short range radios for * peripheral interconnection but otherwise building on the USB framework. * * Note all descriptors are declared '__attribute__((packed))' so that: * * [a] they never get padded, either internally (USB spec writers * probably handled that) or externally; * * [b] so that accessing bigger-than-a-bytes fields will never * generate bus errors on any platform, even when the location of * its descriptor inside a bundle isn't "naturally aligned", and * * [c] for consistency, removing all doubt even when it appears to * someone that the two other points are non-issues for that * particular descriptor type. */ #ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #define _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #include <linux/types.h> /* __u8 etc */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* le16_to_cpu */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* CONTROL REQUEST SUPPORT */ /* * USB directions * * This bit flag is used in endpoint descriptors' bEndpointAddress field. * It's also one of three fields in control requests bRequestType. */ #define USB_DIR_OUT 0 /* to device */ #define USB_DIR_IN 0x80 /* to host */ /* * USB types, the second of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_TYPE_MASK (0x03 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_STANDARD (0x00 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_CLASS (0x01 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_VENDOR (0x02 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_RESERVED (0x03 << 5) /* * USB recipients, the third of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_RECIP_MASK 0x1f #define USB_RECIP_DEVICE 0x00 #define USB_RECIP_INTERFACE 0x01 #define USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT 0x02 #define USB_RECIP_OTHER 0x03 /* From Wireless USB 1.0 */ #define USB_RECIP_PORT 0x04 #define USB_RECIP_RPIPE 0x05 /* * Standard requests, for the bRequest field of a SETUP packet. * * These are qualified by the bRequestType field, so that for example * TYPE_CLASS or TYPE_VENDOR specific feature flags could be retrieved * by a GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_REQ_GET_STATUS 0x00 #define USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE 0x01 #define USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE 0x03 #define USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS 0x05 #define USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR 0x06 #define USB_REQ_SET_DESCRIPTOR 0x07 #define USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION 0x08 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION 0x09 #define USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE 0x0A #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE 0x0B #define USB_REQ_SYNCH_FRAME 0x0C #define USB_REQ_SET_SEL 0x30 #define USB_REQ_SET_ISOCH_DELAY 0x31 #define USB_REQ_SET_ENCRYPTION 0x0D /* Wireless USB */ #define USB_REQ_GET_ENCRYPTION 0x0E #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_ABORT 0x0E #define USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE 0x0F #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_RESET 0x0F #define USB_REQ_GET_HANDSHAKE 0x10 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION 0x11 #define USB_REQ_SET_SECURITY_DATA 0x12 #define USB_REQ_GET_SECURITY_DATA 0x13 #define USB_REQ_SET_WUSB_DATA 0x14 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_WRITE 0x15 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_READ 0x16 #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE_DS 0x17 /* specific requests for USB Power Delivery */ #define USB_REQ_GET_PARTNER_PDO 20 #define USB_REQ_GET_BATTERY_STATUS 21 #define USB_REQ_SET_PDO 22 #define USB_REQ_GET_VDM 23 #define USB_REQ_SEND_VDM 24 /* The Link Power Management (LPM) ECN defines USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET command, * used by hubs to put ports into a new L1 suspend state, except that it * forgot to define its number ... */ /* * USB feature flags are written using USB_REQ_{CLEAR,SET}_FEATURE, and * are read as a bit array returned by USB_REQ_GET_STATUS. (So there * are at most sixteen features of each type.) Hubs may also support a * new USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET_FEATURE to put ports into L1 suspend. */ #define USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED 0 /* (read only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP 1 /* dev may initiate wakeup */ #define USB_DEVICE_TEST_MODE 2 /* (wired high speed only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY 2 /* (wireless) */ #define USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE 3 /* (otg) dev may initiate HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_WUSB_DEVICE 3 /* (wireless)*/ #define USB_DEVICE_A_HNP_SUPPORT 4 /* (otg) RH port supports HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT 5 /* (otg) other RH port does */ #define USB_DEVICE_DEBUG_MODE 6 /* (special devices only) */ /* * Test Mode Selectors * See USB 2.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_TEST_J 1 #define USB_TEST_K 2 #define USB_TEST_SE0_NAK 3 #define USB_TEST_PACKET 4 #define USB_TEST_FORCE_ENABLE 5 /* Status Type */ #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_STANDARD 0 #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_PTM 1 /* * New Feature Selectors as added by USB 3.0 * See USB 3.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE 48 /* dev may initiate U1 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE 49 /* dev may initiate U2 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE 50 /* dev may send LTM */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND 0 /* function suspend */ #define USB_INTR_FUNC_SUSPEND_OPT_MASK 0xFF00 /* * Suspend Options, Table 9-8 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP (1 << (8 + 0)) #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW (1 << (8 + 1)) /* * Interface status, Figure 9-5 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP 1 #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_HALT 0 /* IN/OUT will STALL */ /* Bit array elements as returned by the USB_REQ_GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U1_ENABLED 2 /* transition into U1 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U2_ENABLED 3 /* transition into U2 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_LTM_ENABLED 4 /* Latency tolerance messages */ /* * Feature selectors from Table 9-8 USB Power Delivery spec */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY_WAKE_MASK 40 #define USB_DEVICE_OS_IS_PD_AWARE 41 #define USB_DEVICE_POLICY_MODE 42 #define USB_PORT_PR_SWAP 43 #define USB_PORT_GOTO_MIN 44 #define USB_PORT_RETURN_POWER 45 #define USB_PORT_ACCEPT_PD_REQUEST 46 #define USB_PORT_REJECT_PD_REQUEST 47 #define USB_PORT_PORT_PD_RESET 48 #define USB_PORT_C_PORT_PD_CHANGE 49 #define USB_PORT_CABLE_PD_RESET 50 #define USB_DEVICE_CHARGING_POLICY 54 /** * struct usb_ctrlrequest - SETUP data for a USB device control request * @bRequestType: matches the USB bmRequestType field * @bRequest: matches the USB bRequest field * @wValue: matches the USB wValue field (le16 byte order) * @wIndex: matches the USB wIndex field (le16 byte order) * @wLength: matches the USB wLength field (le16 byte order) * * This structure is used to send control requests to a USB device. It matches * the different fields of the USB 2.0 Spec section 9.3, table 9-2. See the * USB spec for a fuller description of the different fields, and what they are * used for. * * Note that the driver for any interface can issue control requests. * For most devices, interfaces don't coordinate with each other, so * such requests may be made at any time. */ struct usb_ctrlrequest { __u8 bRequestType; __u8 bRequest; __le16 wValue; __le16 wIndex; __le16 wLength; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * STANDARD DESCRIPTORS ... as returned by GET_DESCRIPTOR, or * (rarely) accepted by SET_DESCRIPTOR. * * Note that all multi-byte values here are encoded in little endian * byte order "on the wire". Within the kernel and when exposed * through the Linux-USB APIs, they are not converted to cpu byte * order; it is the responsibility of the client code to do this. * The single exception is when device and configuration descriptors (but * not other descriptors) are read from character devices * (i.e. /dev/bus/usb/BBB/DDD); * in this case the fields are converted to host endianness by the kernel. */ /* * Descriptor types ... USB 2.0 spec table 9.5 */ #define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01 #define USB_DT_CONFIG 0x02 #define USB_DT_STRING 0x03 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT 0x05 #define USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER 0x06 #define USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG 0x07 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_POWER 0x08 /* these are from a minor usb 2.0 revision (ECN) */ #define USB_DT_OTG 0x09 #define USB_DT_DEBUG 0x0a #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION 0x0b /* these are from the Wireless USB spec */ #define USB_DT_SECURITY 0x0c #define USB_DT_KEY 0x0d #define USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE 0x0e #define USB_DT_BOS 0x0f #define USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY 0x10 #define USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x11 #define USB_DT_WIRE_ADAPTER 0x21 #define USB_DT_RPIPE 0x22 #define USB_DT_CS_RADIO_CONTROL 0x23 /* From the T10 UAS specification */ #define USB_DT_PIPE_USAGE 0x24 /* From the USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x30 /* From the USB 3.1 spec */ #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x31 /* Conventional codes for class-specific descriptors. The convention is * defined in the USB "Common Class" Spec (3.11). Individual class specs * are authoritative for their usage, not the "common class" writeup. */ #define USB_DT_CS_DEVICE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_DEVICE) #define USB_DT_CS_CONFIG (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_CONFIG) #define USB_DT_CS_STRING (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_STRING) #define USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_INTERFACE) #define USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_ENDPOINT) /* All standard descriptors have these 2 fields at the beginning */ struct usb_descriptor_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE: Device descriptor */ struct usb_device_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __le16 idVendor; __le16 idProduct; __le16 bcdDevice; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 iProduct; __u8 iSerialNumber; __u8 bNumConfigurations; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_DEVICE_SIZE 18 /* * Device and/or Interface Class codes * as found in bDeviceClass or bInterfaceClass * and defined by www.usb.org documents */ #define USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE 0 /* for DeviceClass */ #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO 1 #define USB_CLASS_COMM 2 #define USB_CLASS_HID 3 #define USB_CLASS_PHYSICAL 5 #define USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE 6 #define USB_CLASS_PRINTER 7 #define USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE 8 #define USB_CLASS_HUB 9 #define USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA 0x0a #define USB_CLASS_CSCID 0x0b /* chip+ smart card */ #define USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC 0x0d /* content security */ #define USB_CLASS_VIDEO 0x0e #define USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER 0xe0 #define USB_CLASS_PERSONAL_HEALTHCARE 0x0f #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO_VIDEO 0x10 #define USB_CLASS_BILLBOARD 0x11 #define USB_CLASS_USB_TYPE_C_BRIDGE 0x12 #define USB_CLASS_MISC 0xef #define USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC 0xfe #define USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff #define USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_CONFIG: Configuration descriptor information. * * USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG is the same descriptor, except that the * descriptor type is different. Highspeed-capable devices can look * different depending on what speed they're currently running. Only * devices with a USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER have any OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG * descriptors. */ struct usb_config_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumInterfaces; __u8 bConfigurationValue; __u8 iConfiguration; __u8 bmAttributes; __u8 bMaxPower; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE 9 /* from config descriptor bmAttributes */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE (1 << 7) /* must be set */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER (1 << 6) /* self powered */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP (1 << 5) /* can wakeup */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_BATTERY (1 << 4) /* battery powered */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB String descriptors can contain at most 126 characters. */ #define USB_MAX_STRING_LEN 126 /* USB_DT_STRING: String descriptor */ struct usb_string_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* note that "string" zero is special, it holds language codes that * the device supports, not Unicode characters. */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE: Interface descriptor */ struct usb_interface_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bInterfaceNumber; __u8 bAlternateSetting; __u8 bNumEndpoints; __u8 bInterfaceClass; __u8 bInterfaceSubClass; __u8 bInterfaceProtocol; __u8 iInterface; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE 9 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENDPOINT: Endpoint descriptor */ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEndpointAddress; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wMaxPacketSize; __u8 bInterval; /* NOTE: these two are _only_ in audio endpoints. */ /* use USB_DT_ENDPOINT*_SIZE in bLength, not sizeof. */ __u8 bRefresh; __u8 bSynchAddress; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE 7 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE 9 /* Audio extension */ /* * Endpoints */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK 0x0f /* in bEndpointAddress */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK 0x03 /* in bmAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT 3 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAX_ADJUSTABLE 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK 0x07ff #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT 11 #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK (3 << USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(m) \ (((m) & USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK) >> USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) /* The USB 3.0 spec redefines bits 5:4 of bmAttributes as interrupt ep type. */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_PERIODIC (0 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE 0x0c #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_NONE (0 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC (1 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE (2 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC (3 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_DATA 0x00 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_FEEDBACK 0x10 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB 0x20 /* Implicit feedback Data endpoint */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /** * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according * to @epd's transfer type. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN); } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type isochronous, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in - check if the endpoint is bulk IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out - check if the endpoint is bulk OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_in - check if the endpoint is interrupt IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_out - check if the endpoint is interrupt OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in - check if the endpoint is isochronous IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out - check if the endpoint is isochronous OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp - get endpoint's max packet size * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's max packet bits [10:0] */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize) & USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp_mult - get endpoint's transactional opportunities * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Return @epd's wMaxPacketSize[12:11] + 1 */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { int maxp = __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize); return USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(maxp) + 1; } static inline int usb_endpoint_interrupt_type( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeedPlus Isochronous Endpoint Companion * descriptor */ struct usb_ssp_isoc_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wReseved; __le32 dwBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_EP_COMP_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeed Endpoint Companion descriptor */ struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SS_EP_COMP_SIZE 6 /* Bits 4:0 of bmAttributes if this is a bulk endpoint */ static inline int usb_ss_max_streams(const struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor *comp) { int max_streams; if (!comp) return 0; max_streams = comp->bmAttributes & 0x1f; if (!max_streams) return 0; max_streams = 1 << max_streams; return max_streams; } /* Bits 1:0 of bmAttributes if this is an isoc endpoint */ #define USB_SS_MULT(p) (1 + ((p) & 0x3)) /* Bit 7 of bmAttributes if a SSP isoc endpoint companion descriptor exists */ #define USB_SS_SSP_ISOC_COMP(p) ((p) & (1 << 7)) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER: Device Qualifier descriptor */ struct usb_qualifier_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __u8 bNumConfigurations; __u8 bRESERVED; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 1.0a supplement) */ struct usb_otg_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP, etc */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 2.0 supplement) */ struct usb_otg20_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP and ADP, etc */ __le16 bcdOTG; /* OTG and EH supplement release number * in binary-coded decimal(i.e. 2.0 is 0200H) */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* from usb_otg_descriptor.bmAttributes */ #define USB_OTG_SRP (1 << 0) #define USB_OTG_HNP (1 << 1) /* swap host/device roles */ #define USB_OTG_ADP (1 << 2) /* support ADP */ #define OTG_STS_SELECTOR 0xF000 /* OTG status selector */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEBUG: for special highspeed devices, replacing serial console */ struct usb_debug_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; /* bulk endpoints with 8 byte maxpacket */ __u8 bDebugInEndpoint; __u8 bDebugOutEndpoint; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION: groups interfaces */ struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bFirstInterface; __u8 bInterfaceCount; __u8 bFunctionClass; __u8 bFunctionSubClass; __u8 bFunctionProtocol; __u8 iFunction; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SECURITY: group of wireless security descriptors, including * encryption types available for setting up a CC/association. */ struct usb_security_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumEncryptionTypes; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_KEY: used with {GET,SET}_SECURITY_DATA; only public keys * may be retrieved. */ struct usb_key_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bKeyData[0]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE: bundled in DT_SECURITY groups */ struct usb_encryption_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEncryptionType; #define USB_ENC_TYPE_UNSECURE 0 #define USB_ENC_TYPE_WIRED 1 /* non-wireless mode */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_CCM_1 2 /* aes128/cbc session */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_RSA_1 3 /* rsa3072/sha1 auth */ __u8 bEncryptionValue; /* use in SET_ENCRYPTION */ __u8 bAuthKeyIndex; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_BOS: group of device-level capabilities */ struct usb_bos_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumDeviceCaps; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_BOS_SIZE 5 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY: grouped with BOS */ struct usb_dev_cap_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_CAP_TYPE_WIRELESS_USB 1 struct usb_wireless_cap_descriptor { /* Ultra Wide Band */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_WIRELESS_P2P_DRD (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_MASK (3 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_SELF (1 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_DIRECTED (2 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_NONE (3 << 2) __le16 wPHYRates; /* bit rates, Mbps */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_53 (1 << 0) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_80 (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_107 (1 << 2) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_160 (1 << 3) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_200 (1 << 4) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_320 (1 << 5) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_400 (1 << 6) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_480 (1 << 7) __u8 bmTFITXPowerInfo; /* TFI power levels */ __u8 bmFFITXPowerInfo; /* FFI power levels */ __le16 bmBandGroup; __u8 bReserved; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_WIRELESS_CAP_SIZE 11 /* USB 2.0 Extension descriptor */ #define USB_CAP_TYPE_EXT 2 struct usb_ext_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_LPM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LPM */ #define USB_BESL_SUPPORT (1 << 2) /* supports BESL */ #define USB_BESL_BASELINE_VALID (1 << 3) /* Baseline BESL valid*/ #define USB_BESL_DEEP_VALID (1 << 4) /* Deep BESL valid */ #define USB_SET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 8) #define USB_SET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 12) #define USB_GET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & (0xf << 8)) >> 8) #define USB_GET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & (0xf << 12)) >> 12) } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_EXT_CAP_SIZE 7 /* * SuperSpeed USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of SuperSpeed USB * specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SS_CAP_TYPE 3 struct usb_ss_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_LTM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LTM */ __le16 wSpeedSupported; #define USB_LOW_SPEED_OPERATION (1) /* Low speed operation */ #define USB_FULL_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 1) /* Full speed operation */ #define USB_HIGH_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 2) /* High speed operation */ #define USB_5GBPS_OPERATION (1 << 3) /* Operation at 5Gbps */ __u8 bFunctionalitySupport; __u8 bU1devExitLat; __le16 bU2DevExitLat; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CAP_SIZE 10 /* * Container ID Capability descriptor: Defines the instance unique ID used to * identify the instance across all operating modes */ #define CONTAINER_ID_TYPE 4 struct usb_ss_container_id_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 ContainerID[16]; /* 128-bit number */ } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CONTN_ID_SIZE 20 /* * SuperSpeed Plus USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of * SuperSpeed Plus USB specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SSP_CAP_TYPE 0xa struct usb_ssp_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBS (0x1f << 0) /* sublink speed entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_IDS (0xf << 5) /* speed ID entries */ __le16 wFunctionalitySupport; #define USB_SSP_MIN_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBUTE_ID (0xf) #define USB_SSP_MIN_RX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 8) #define USB_SSP_MIN_TX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 12) __le16 wReserved; __le32 bmSublinkSpeedAttr[1]; /* list of sublink speed attrib entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_SSID (0xf) /* sublink speed ID */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSE (0x3 << 4) /* Lanespeed exponent */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ST (0x3 << 6) /* Sublink type */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_RSVD (0x3f << 8) /* Reserved */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LP (0x3 << 14) /* Link protocol */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSM (0xff << 16) /* Lanespeed mantissa */ } __attribute__((packed)); /* * USB Power Delivery Capability Descriptor: * Defines capabilities for PD */ /* Defines the various PD Capabilities of this device */ #define USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY 0x06 /* Provides information on each battery supported by the device */ #define USB_PD_BATTERY_INFO_CAPABILITY 0x07 /* The Consumer characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_CONSUMER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x08 /* The provider characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_PROVIDER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x09 struct usb_pd_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* set to USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY */ __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_PD_CAP_BATTERY_CHARGING (1 << 1) /* supports Battery Charging specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_USB_PD (1 << 2) /* supports USB Power Delivery specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER (1 << 3) /* can provide power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER (1 << 4) /* can consume power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CHARGING_POLICY (1 << 5) /* supports CHARGING_POLICY feature */ #define USB_PD_CAP_TYPE_C_CURRENT (1 << 6) /* supports power capabilities defined in the USB Type-C Specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_AC (1 << 8) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_BAT (1 << 9) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_USE_V_BUS (1 << 14) __le16 bmProviderPorts; /* Bit zero refers to the UFP of the device */ __le16 bmConsumerPorts; __le16 bcdBCVersion; __le16 bcdPDVersion; __le16 bcdUSBTypeCVersion; } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_battery_info_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the user friendly name for this battery */ __u8 iBattery; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the Serial Number String for this battery */ __u8 iSerial; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 bBatteryId; /* uniquely identifies this battery in status Messages */ __u8 bReserved; /* * Shall contain the Battery Charge value above which this * battery is considered to be fully charged but not necessarily * “topped off.” */ __le32 dwChargedThreshold; /* in mWh */ /* * Shall contain the minimum charge level of this battery such * that above this threshold, a device can be assured of being * able to power up successfully (see Battery Charging 1.2). */ __le32 dwWeakThreshold; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryDesignCapacity; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryLastFullchargeCapacity; /* in mWh */ } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_consumer_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __le16 wMinVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __le16 wMaxVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __u16 wReserved; __le32 dwMaxOperatingPower; /* in 10 mW - operating at steady state */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPower; /* in 10mW units - operating at peak power */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPowerTime; /* in 100ms units - duration of peak */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_UNKNOWN_PEAK_POWER_TIME 0xffff } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_provider_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved1; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __u8 bNumOfPDObjects; __u8 bReserved2; __le32 wPowerDataObject[]; } __attribute__((packed)); /* * Precision time measurement capability descriptor: advertised by devices and * hubs that support PTM */ #define USB_PTM_CAP_TYPE 0xb struct usb_ptm_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_PTM_ID_SIZE 3 /* * The size of the descriptor for the Sublink Speed Attribute Count * (SSAC) specified in bmAttributes[4:0]. SSAC is zero-based */ #define USB_DT_USB_SSP_CAP_SIZE(ssac) (12 + (ssac + 1) * 4) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP: companion descriptor associated with * each endpoint descriptor for a wireless device */ struct usb_wireless_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bMaxSequence; __le16 wMaxStreamDelay; __le16 wOverTheAirPacketSize; __u8 bOverTheAirInterval; __u8 bmCompAttributes; #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_MASK 0x03 /* in bmCompAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_NO 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SWITCH 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SCALE 2 } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE is a four-way handshake used between a wireless * host and a device for connection set up, mutual authentication, and * exchanging short lived session keys. The handshake depends on a CC. */ struct usb_handshake { __u8 bMessageNumber; __u8 bStatus; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 CDID[16]; __u8 nonce[16]; __u8 MIC[8]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION modifies or revokes a connection context (CC). * A CC may also be set up using non-wireless secure channels (including * wired USB!), and some devices may support CCs with multiple hosts. */ struct usb_connection_context { __u8 CHID[16]; /* persistent host id */ __u8 CDID[16]; /* device id (unique w/in host context) */ __u8 CK[16]; /* connection key */ } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB 2.0 defines three speeds, here's how Linux identifies them */ enum usb_device_speed { USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN = 0, /* enumerating */ USB_SPEED_LOW, USB_SPEED_FULL, /* usb 1.1 */ USB_SPEED_HIGH, /* usb 2.0 */ USB_SPEED_WIRELESS, /* wireless (usb 2.5) */ USB_SPEED_SUPER, /* usb 3.0 */ USB_SPEED_SUPER_PLUS, /* usb 3.1 */ }; enum usb_device_state { /* NOTATTACHED isn't in the USB spec, and this state acts * the same as ATTACHED ... but it's clearer this way. */ USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED = 0, /* chapter 9 and authentication (wireless) device states */ USB_STATE_ATTACHED, USB_STATE_POWERED, /* wired */ USB_STATE_RECONNECTING, /* auth */ USB_STATE_UNAUTHENTICATED, /* auth */ USB_STATE_DEFAULT, /* limited function */ USB_STATE_ADDRESS, USB_STATE_CONFIGURED, /* most functions */ USB_STATE_SUSPENDED /* NOTE: there are actually four different SUSPENDED * states, returning to POWERED, DEFAULT, ADDRESS, or * CONFIGURED respectively when SOF tokens flow again. * At this level there's no difference between L1 and L2 * suspend states. (L2 being original USB 1.1 suspend.) */ }; enum usb3_link_state { USB3_LPM_U0 = 0, USB3_LPM_U1, USB3_LPM_U2, USB3_LPM_U3 }; /* * A U1 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U1. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U1, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U1 timeout of 0x1 to 0x7F also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U1 after that many microseconds. Timeouts of 0x80 to 0xFE are reserved * values. * * A U2 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U2. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U2, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U2 timeout of 0x1 to 0xFE also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U2 after N*256 microseconds. Therefore a U2 timeout value of 0x1 means a U2 * idle timer of 256 microseconds, 0x2 means 512 microseconds, 0xFE means * 65.024ms. */ #define USB3_LPM_DISABLED 0x0 #define USB3_LPM_U1_MAX_TIMEOUT 0x7F #define USB3_LPM_U2_MAX_TIMEOUT 0xFE #define USB3_LPM_DEVICE_INITIATED 0xFF struct usb_set_sel_req { __u8 u1_sel; __u8 u1_pel; __le16 u2_sel; __le16 u2_pel; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* * The Set System Exit Latency control transfer provides one byte each for * U1 SEL and U1 PEL, so the max exit latency is 0xFF. U2 SEL and U2 PEL each * are two bytes long. */ #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL 0xFF #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL 0xFFFF /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * As per USB compliance update, a device that is actively drawing * more than 100mA from USB must report itself as bus-powered in * the GetStatus(DEVICE) call. * https://compliance.usb.org/index.asp?UpdateFile=Electrical&Format=Standard#34 */ #define USB_SELF_POWER_VBUS_MAX_DRAW 100 #endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 /* * include/linux/ktime.h * * ktime_t - nanosecond-resolution time format. * * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * * data type definitions, declarations, prototypes and macros. * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar * * Credits: * * Roman Zippel provided the ideas and primary code snippets of * the ktime_t union and further simplifications of the original * code. * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #ifndef _LINUX_KTIME_H #define _LINUX_KTIME_H #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <asm/bug.h> /* Nanosecond scalar representation for kernel time values */ typedef s64 ktime_t; /** * ktime_set - Set a ktime_t variable from a seconds/nanoseconds value * @secs: seconds to set * @nsecs: nanoseconds to set * * Return: The ktime_t representation of the value. */ static inline ktime_t ktime_set(const s64 secs, const unsigned long nsecs) { if (unlikely(secs >= KTIME_SEC_MAX)) return KTIME_MAX; return secs * NSEC_PER_SEC + (s64)nsecs; } /* Subtract two ktime_t variables. rem = lhs -rhs: */ #define ktime_sub(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) - (rhs)) /* Add two ktime_t variables. res = lhs + rhs: */ #define ktime_add(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Same as ktime_add(), but avoids undefined behaviour on overflow; however, * this means that you must check the result for overflow yourself. */ #define ktime_add_unsafe(lhs, rhs) ((u64) (lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Add a ktime_t variable and a scalar nanosecond value. * res = kt + nsval: */ #define ktime_add_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) + (nsval)) /* * Subtract a scalar nanosecod from a ktime_t variable * res = kt - nsval: */ #define ktime_sub_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) - (nsval)) /* convert a timespec64 to ktime_t format: */ static inline ktime_t timespec64_to_ktime(struct timespec64 ts) { return ktime_set(ts.tv_sec, ts.tv_nsec); } /* Map the ktime_t to timespec conversion to ns_to_timespec function */ #define ktime_to_timespec64(kt) ns_to_timespec64((kt)) /* Convert ktime_t to nanoseconds */ static inline s64 ktime_to_ns(const ktime_t kt) { return kt; } /** * ktime_compare - Compares two ktime_t variables for less, greater or equal * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: ... * cmp1 < cmp2: return <0 * cmp1 == cmp2: return 0 * cmp1 > cmp2: return >0 */ static inline int ktime_compare(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { if (cmp1 < cmp2) return -1; if (cmp1 > cmp2) return 1; return 0; } /** * ktime_after - Compare if a ktime_t value is bigger than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened after cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_after(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) > 0; } /** * ktime_before - Compare if a ktime_t value is smaller than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened before cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_before(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) < 0; } #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 extern s64 __ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div); static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * Negative divisors could cause an inf loop, * so bug out here. */ BUG_ON(div < 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(div) && !(div >> 32)) { s64 ns = kt; u64 tmp = ns < 0 ? -ns : ns; do_div(tmp, div); return ns < 0 ? -tmp : tmp; } else { return __ktime_divns(kt, div); } } #else /* BITS_PER_LONG < 64 */ static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * 32-bit implementation cannot handle negative divisors, * so catch them on 64bit as well. */ WARN_ON(div < 0); return kt / div; } #endif static inline s64 ktime_to_us(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline s64 ktime_to_ms(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline s64 ktime_us_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_us(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline s64 ktime_ms_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } extern ktime_t ktime_add_safe(const ktime_t lhs, const ktime_t rhs); /** * ktime_to_timespec64_cond - convert a ktime_t variable to timespec64 * format only if the variable contains data * @kt: the ktime_t variable to convert * @ts: the timespec variable to store the result in * * Return: %true if there was a successful conversion, %false if kt was 0. */ static inline __must_check bool ktime_to_timespec64_cond(const ktime_t kt, struct timespec64 *ts) { if (kt) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(kt); return true; } else { return false; } } #include <vdso/ktime.h> static inline ktime_t ns_to_ktime(u64 ns) { return ns; } static inline ktime_t ms_to_ktime(u64 ms) { return ms * NSEC_PER_MSEC; } # include <linux/timekeeping.h> # include <linux/timekeeping32.h> #endif
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2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * Thanks to Ben LaHaise for precious feedback. */ #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/pci.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/libnvdimm.h> #include <asm/e820/api.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/setup.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <asm/proto.h> #include <asm/memtype.h> #include <asm/set_memory.h> #include "../mm_internal.h" /* * The current flushing context - we pass it instead of 5 arguments: */ struct cpa_data { unsigned long *vaddr; pgd_t *pgd; pgprot_t mask_set; pgprot_t mask_clr; unsigned long numpages; unsigned long curpage; unsigned long pfn; unsigned int flags; unsigned int force_split : 1, force_static_prot : 1, force_flush_all : 1; struct page **pages; }; enum cpa_warn { CPA_CONFLICT, CPA_PROTECT, CPA_DETECT, }; static const int cpa_warn_level = CPA_PROTECT; /* * Serialize cpa() (for !DEBUG_PAGEALLOC which uses large identity mappings) * using cpa_lock. So that we don't allow any other cpu, with stale large tlb * entries change the page attribute in parallel to some other cpu * splitting a large page entry along with changing the attribute. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cpa_lock); #define CPA_FLUSHTLB 1 #define CPA_ARRAY 2 #define CPA_PAGES_ARRAY 4 #define CPA_NO_CHECK_ALIAS 8 /* Do not search for aliases */ static inline pgprot_t cachemode2pgprot(enum page_cache_mode pcm) { return __pgprot(cachemode2protval(pcm)); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static unsigned long direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_NUM]; void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { /* Protect against CPA */ spin_lock(&pgd_lock); direct_pages_count[level] += pages; spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); } static void split_page_count(int level) { if (direct_pages_count[level] == 0) return; direct_pages_count[level]--; direct_pages_count[level - 1] += PTRS_PER_PTE; } void arch_report_meminfo(struct seq_file *m) { seq_printf(m, "DirectMap4k: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_4K] << 2); #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) seq_printf(m, "DirectMap2M: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_2M] << 11); #else seq_printf(m, "DirectMap4M: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_2M] << 12); #endif if (direct_gbpages) seq_printf(m, "DirectMap1G: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_1G] << 20); } #else static inline void split_page_count(int level) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CPA_STATISTICS static unsigned long cpa_1g_checked; static unsigned long cpa_1g_sameprot; static unsigned long cpa_1g_preserved; static unsigned long cpa_2m_checked; static unsigned long cpa_2m_sameprot; static unsigned long cpa_2m_preserved; static unsigned long cpa_4k_install; static inline void cpa_inc_1g_checked(void) { cpa_1g_checked++; } static inline void cpa_inc_2m_checked(void) { cpa_2m_checked++; } static inline void cpa_inc_4k_install(void) { data_race(cpa_4k_install++); } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_sameprot(int level) { if (level == PG_LEVEL_1G) cpa_1g_sameprot++; else cpa_2m_sameprot++; } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_preserved(int level) { if (level == PG_LEVEL_1G) cpa_1g_preserved++; else cpa_2m_preserved++; } static int cpastats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p) { seq_printf(m, "1G pages checked: %16lu\n", cpa_1g_checked); seq_printf(m, "1G pages sameprot: %16lu\n", cpa_1g_sameprot); seq_printf(m, "1G pages preserved: %16lu\n", cpa_1g_preserved); seq_printf(m, "2M pages checked: %16lu\n", cpa_2m_checked); seq_printf(m, "2M pages sameprot: %16lu\n", cpa_2m_sameprot); seq_printf(m, "2M pages preserved: %16lu\n", cpa_2m_preserved); seq_printf(m, "4K pages set-checked: %16lu\n", cpa_4k_install); return 0; } static int cpastats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return single_open(file, cpastats_show, NULL); } static const struct file_operations cpastats_fops = { .open = cpastats_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; static int __init cpa_stats_init(void) { debugfs_create_file("cpa_stats", S_IRUSR, arch_debugfs_dir, NULL, &cpastats_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(cpa_stats_init); #else static inline void cpa_inc_1g_checked(void) { } static inline void cpa_inc_2m_checked(void) { } static inline void cpa_inc_4k_install(void) { } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_sameprot(int level) { } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_preserved(int level) { } #endif static inline int within(unsigned long addr, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return addr >= start && addr < end; } static inline int within_inclusive(unsigned long addr, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return addr >= start && addr <= end; } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline unsigned long highmap_start_pfn(void) { return __pa_symbol(_text) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long highmap_end_pfn(void) { /* Do not reference physical address outside the kernel. */ return __pa_symbol(roundup(_brk_end, PMD_SIZE) - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static bool __cpa_pfn_in_highmap(unsigned long pfn) { /* * Kernel text has an alias mapping at a high address, known * here as "highmap". */ return within_inclusive(pfn, highmap_start_pfn(), highmap_end_pfn()); } #else static bool __cpa_pfn_in_highmap(unsigned long pfn) { /* There is no highmap on 32-bit */ return false; } #endif /* * See set_mce_nospec(). * * Machine check recovery code needs to change cache mode of poisoned pages to * UC to avoid speculative access logging another error. But passing the * address of the 1:1 mapping to set_memory_uc() is a fine way to encourage a * speculative access. So we cheat and flip the top bit of the address. This * works fine for the code that updates the page tables. But at the end of the * process we need to flush the TLB and cache and the non-canonical address * causes a #GP fault when used by the INVLPG and CLFLUSH instructions. * * But in the common case we already have a canonical address. This code * will fix the top bit if needed and is a no-op otherwise. */ static inline unsigned long fix_addr(unsigned long addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 return (long)(addr << 1) >> 1; #else return addr; #endif } static unsigned long __cpa_addr(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long idx) { if (cpa->flags & CPA_PAGES_ARRAY) { struct page *page = cpa->pages[idx]; if (unlikely(PageHighMem(page))) return 0; return (unsigned long)page_address(page); } if (cpa->flags & CPA_ARRAY) return cpa->vaddr[idx]; return *cpa->vaddr + idx * PAGE_SIZE; } /* * Flushing functions */ static void clflush_cache_range_opt(void *vaddr, unsigned int size) { const unsigned long clflush_size = boot_cpu_data.x86_clflush_size; void *p = (void *)((unsigned long)vaddr & ~(clflush_size - 1)); void *vend = vaddr + size; if (p >= vend) return; for (; p < vend; p += clflush_size) clflushopt(p); } /** * clflush_cache_range - flush a cache range with clflush * @vaddr: virtual start address * @size: number of bytes to flush * * CLFLUSHOPT is an unordered instruction which needs fencing with MFENCE or * SFENCE to avoid ordering issues. */ void clflush_cache_range(void *vaddr, unsigned int size) { mb(); clflush_cache_range_opt(vaddr, size); mb(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clflush_cache_range); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API void arch_invalidate_pmem(void *addr, size_t size) { clflush_cache_range(addr, size); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_invalidate_pmem); #endif static void __cpa_flush_all(void *arg) { unsigned long cache = (unsigned long)arg; /* * Flush all to work around Errata in early athlons regarding * large page flushing. */ __flush_tlb_all(); if (cache && boot_cpu_data.x86 >= 4) wbinvd(); } static void cpa_flush_all(unsigned long cache) { BUG_ON(irqs_disabled() && !early_boot_irqs_disabled); on_each_cpu(__cpa_flush_all, (void *) cache, 1); } static void __cpa_flush_tlb(void *data) { struct cpa_data *cpa = data; unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < cpa->numpages; i++) flush_tlb_one_kernel(fix_addr(__cpa_addr(cpa, i))); } static void cpa_flush(struct cpa_data *data, int cache) { struct cpa_data *cpa = data; unsigned int i; BUG_ON(irqs_disabled() && !early_boot_irqs_disabled); if (cache && !static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSH)) { cpa_flush_all(cache); return; } if (cpa->force_flush_all || cpa->numpages > tlb_single_page_flush_ceiling) flush_tlb_all(); else on_each_cpu(__cpa_flush_tlb, cpa, 1); if (!cache) return; mb(); for (i = 0; i < cpa->numpages; i++) { unsigned long addr = __cpa_addr(cpa, i); unsigned int level; pte_t *pte = lookup_address(addr, &level); /* * Only flush present addresses: */ if (pte && (pte_val(*pte) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) clflush_cache_range_opt((void *)fix_addr(addr), PAGE_SIZE); } mb(); } static bool overlaps(unsigned long r1_start, unsigned long r1_end, unsigned long r2_start, unsigned long r2_end) { return (r1_start <= r2_end && r1_end >= r2_start) || (r2_start <= r1_end && r2_end >= r1_start); } #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_BIOS /* * The BIOS area between 640k and 1Mb needs to be executable for PCI BIOS * based config access (CONFIG_PCI_GOBIOS) support. */ #define BIOS_PFN PFN_DOWN(BIOS_BEGIN) #define BIOS_PFN_END PFN_DOWN(BIOS_END - 1) static pgprotval_t protect_pci_bios(unsigned long spfn, unsigned long epfn) { if (pcibios_enabled && overlaps(spfn, epfn, BIOS_PFN, BIOS_PFN_END)) return _PAGE_NX; return 0; } #else static pgprotval_t protect_pci_bios(unsigned long spfn, unsigned long epfn) { return 0; } #endif /* * The .rodata section needs to be read-only. Using the pfn catches all * aliases. This also includes __ro_after_init, so do not enforce until * kernel_set_to_readonly is true. */ static pgprotval_t protect_rodata(unsigned long spfn, unsigned long epfn) { unsigned long epfn_ro, spfn_ro = PFN_DOWN(__pa_symbol(__start_rodata)); /* * Note: __end_rodata is at page aligned and not inclusive, so * subtract 1 to get the last enforced PFN in the rodata area. */ epfn_ro = PFN_DOWN(__pa_symbol(__end_rodata)) - 1; if (kernel_set_to_readonly && overlaps(spfn, epfn, spfn_ro, epfn_ro)) return _PAGE_RW; return 0; } /* * Protect kernel text against becoming non executable by forbidding * _PAGE_NX. This protects only the high kernel mapping (_text -> _etext) * out of which the kernel actually executes. Do not protect the low * mapping. * * This does not cover __inittext since that is gone after boot. */ static pgprotval_t protect_kernel_text(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long t_end = (unsigned long)_etext - 1; unsigned long t_start = (unsigned long)_text; if (overlaps(start, end, t_start, t_end)) return _PAGE_NX; return 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) /* * Once the kernel maps the text as RO (kernel_set_to_readonly is set), * kernel text mappings for the large page aligned text, rodata sections * will be always read-only. For the kernel identity mappings covering the * holes caused by this alignment can be anything that user asks. * * This will preserve the large page mappings for kernel text/data at no * extra cost. */ static pgprotval_t protect_kernel_text_ro(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long t_end = (unsigned long)__end_rodata_hpage_align - 1; unsigned long t_start = (unsigned long)_text; unsigned int level; if (!kernel_set_to_readonly || !overlaps(start, end, t_start, t_end)) return 0; /* * Don't enforce the !RW mapping for the kernel text mapping, if * the current mapping is already using small page mapping. No * need to work hard to preserve large page mappings in this case. * * This also fixes the Linux Xen paravirt guest boot failure caused * by unexpected read-only mappings for kernel identity * mappings. In this paravirt guest case, the kernel text mapping * and the kernel identity mapping share the same page-table pages, * so the protections for kernel text and identity mappings have to * be the same. */ if (lookup_address(start, &level) && (level != PG_LEVEL_4K)) return _PAGE_RW; return 0; } #else static pgprotval_t protect_kernel_text_ro(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return 0; } #endif static inline bool conflicts(pgprot_t prot, pgprotval_t val) { return (pgprot_val(prot) & ~val) != pgprot_val(prot); } static inline void check_conflict(int warnlvl, pgprot_t prot, pgprotval_t val, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, const char *txt) { static const char *lvltxt[] = { [CPA_CONFLICT] = "conflict", [CPA_PROTECT] = "protect", [CPA_DETECT] = "detect", }; if (warnlvl > cpa_warn_level || !conflicts(prot, val)) return; pr_warn("CPA %8s %10s: 0x%016lx - 0x%016lx PFN %lx req %016llx prevent %016llx\n", lvltxt[warnlvl], txt, start, end, pfn, (unsigned long long)pgprot_val(prot), (unsigned long long)val); } /* * Certain areas of memory on x86 require very specific protection flags, * for example the BIOS area or kernel text. Callers don't always get this * right (again, ioremap() on BIOS memory is not uncommon) so this function * checks and fixes these known static required protection bits. */ static inline pgprot_t static_protections(pgprot_t prot, unsigned long start, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long npg, unsigned long lpsize, int warnlvl) { pgprotval_t forbidden, res; unsigned long end; /* * There is no point in checking RW/NX conflicts when the requested * mapping is setting the page !PRESENT. */ if (!(pgprot_val(prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) return prot; /* Operate on the virtual address */ end = start + npg * PAGE_SIZE - 1; res = protect_kernel_text(start, end); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "Text NX"); forbidden = res; /* * Special case to preserve a large page. If the change spawns the * full large page mapping then there is no point to split it * up. Happens with ftrace and is going to be removed once ftrace * switched to text_poke(). */ if (lpsize != (npg * PAGE_SIZE) || (start & (lpsize - 1))) { res = protect_kernel_text_ro(start, end); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "Text RO"); forbidden |= res; } /* Check the PFN directly */ res = protect_pci_bios(pfn, pfn + npg - 1); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "PCIBIOS NX"); forbidden |= res; res = protect_rodata(pfn, pfn + npg - 1); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "Rodata RO"); forbidden |= res; return __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) & ~forbidden); } /* * Lookup the page table entry for a virtual address in a specific pgd. * Return a pointer to the entry and the level of the mapping. */ pte_t *lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; *level = PG_LEVEL_NONE; if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return NULL; *level = PG_LEVEL_512G; if (p4d_large(*p4d) || !p4d_present(*p4d)) return (pte_t *)p4d; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud)) return NULL; *level = PG_LEVEL_1G; if (pud_large(*pud) || !pud_present(*pud)) return (pte_t *)pud; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (pmd_none(*pmd)) return NULL; *level = PG_LEVEL_2M; if (pmd_large(*pmd) || !pmd_present(*pmd)) return (pte_t *)pmd; *level = PG_LEVEL_4K; return pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); } /* * Lookup the page table entry for a virtual address. Return a pointer * to the entry and the level of the mapping. * * Note: We return pud and pmd either when the entry is marked large * or when the present bit is not set. Otherwise we would return a * pointer to a nonexisting mapping. */ pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { return lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_offset_k(address), address, level); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lookup_address); /* * Lookup the page table entry for a virtual address in a given mm. Return a * pointer to the entry and the level of the mapping. */ pte_t *lookup_address_in_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { return lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_offset(mm, address), address, level); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lookup_address_in_mm); static pte_t *_lookup_address_cpa(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { if (cpa->pgd) return lookup_address_in_pgd(cpa->pgd + pgd_index(address), address, level); return lookup_address(address, level); } /* * Lookup the PMD entry for a virtual address. Return a pointer to the entry * or NULL if not present. */ pmd_t *lookup_pmd_address(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pgd = pgd_offset_k(address); if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || p4d_large(*p4d) || !p4d_present(*p4d)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_large(*pud) || !pud_present(*pud)) return NULL; return pmd_offset(pud, address); } /* * This is necessary because __pa() does not work on some * kinds of memory, like vmalloc() or the alloc_remap() * areas on 32-bit NUMA systems. The percpu areas can * end up in this kind of memory, for instance. * * This could be optimized, but it is only intended to be * used at inititalization time, and keeping it * unoptimized should increase the testing coverage for * the more obscure platforms. */ phys_addr_t slow_virt_to_phys(void *__virt_addr) { unsigned long virt_addr = (unsigned long)__virt_addr; phys_addr_t phys_addr; unsigned long offset; enum pg_level level; pte_t *pte; pte = lookup_address(virt_addr, &level); BUG_ON(!pte); /* * pXX_pfn() returns unsigned long, which must be cast to phys_addr_t * before being left-shifted PAGE_SHIFT bits -- this trick is to * make 32-PAE kernel work correctly. */ switch (level) { case PG_LEVEL_1G: phys_addr = (phys_addr_t)pud_pfn(*(pud_t *)pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; offset = virt_addr & ~PUD_PAGE_MASK; break; case PG_LEVEL_2M: phys_addr = (phys_addr_t)pmd_pfn(*(pmd_t *)pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; offset = virt_addr & ~PMD_PAGE_MASK; break; default: phys_addr = (phys_addr_t)pte_pfn(*pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; offset = virt_addr & ~PAGE_MASK; } return (phys_addr_t)(phys_addr | offset); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(slow_virt_to_phys); /* * Set the new pmd in all the pgds we know about: */ static void __set_pmd_pte(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t pte) { /* change init_mm */ set_pte_atomic(kpte, pte); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 if (!SHARED_KERNEL_PMD) { struct page *page; list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = (pgd_t *)page_address(page) + pgd_index(address); p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); set_pte_atomic((pte_t *)pmd, pte); } } #endif } static pgprot_t pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(pgprot_t prot) { /* * _PAGE_GLOBAL means "global page" for present PTEs. * But, it is also used to indicate _PAGE_PROTNONE * for non-present PTEs. * * This ensures that a _PAGE_GLOBAL PTE going from * present to non-present is not confused as * _PAGE_PROTNONE. */ if (!(pgprot_val(prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) pgprot_val(prot) &= ~_PAGE_GLOBAL; return prot; } static int __should_split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, struct cpa_data *cpa) { unsigned long numpages, pmask, psize, lpaddr, pfn, old_pfn; pgprot_t old_prot, new_prot, req_prot, chk_prot; pte_t new_pte, *tmp; enum pg_level level; /* * Check for races, another CPU might have split this page * up already: */ tmp = _lookup_address_cpa(cpa, address, &level); if (tmp != kpte) return 1; switch (level) { case PG_LEVEL_2M: old_prot = pmd_pgprot(*(pmd_t *)kpte); old_pfn = pmd_pfn(*(pmd_t *)kpte); cpa_inc_2m_checked(); break; case PG_LEVEL_1G: old_prot = pud_pgprot(*(pud_t *)kpte); old_pfn = pud_pfn(*(pud_t *)kpte); cpa_inc_1g_checked(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } psize = page_level_size(level); pmask = page_level_mask(level); /* * Calculate the number of pages, which fit into this large * page starting at address: */ lpaddr = (address + psize) & pmask; numpages = (lpaddr - address) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (numpages < cpa->numpages) cpa->numpages = numpages; /* * We are safe now. Check whether the new pgprot is the same: * Convert protection attributes to 4k-format, as cpa->mask* are set * up accordingly. */ /* Clear PSE (aka _PAGE_PAT) and move PAT bit to correct position */ req_prot = pgprot_large_2_4k(old_prot); pgprot_val(req_prot) &= ~pgprot_val(cpa->mask_clr); pgprot_val(req_prot) |= pgprot_val(cpa->mask_set); /* * req_prot is in format of 4k pages. It must be converted to large * page format: the caching mode includes the PAT bit located at * different bit positions in the two formats. */ req_prot = pgprot_4k_2_large(req_prot); req_prot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(req_prot); if (pgprot_val(req_prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT) pgprot_val(req_prot) |= _PAGE_PSE; /* * old_pfn points to the large page base pfn. So we need to add the * offset of the virtual address: */ pfn = old_pfn + ((address & (psize - 1)) >> PAGE_SHIFT); cpa->pfn = pfn; /* * Calculate the large page base address and the number of 4K pages * in the large page */ lpaddr = address & pmask; numpages = psize >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* * Sanity check that the existing mapping is correct versus the static * protections. static_protections() guards against !PRESENT, so no * extra conditional required here. */ chk_prot = static_protections(old_prot, lpaddr, old_pfn, numpages, psize, CPA_CONFLICT); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pgprot_val(chk_prot) != pgprot_val(old_prot))) { /* * Split the large page and tell the split code to * enforce static protections. */ cpa->force_static_prot = 1; return 1; } /* * Optimization: If the requested pgprot is the same as the current * pgprot, then the large page can be preserved and no updates are * required independent of alignment and length of the requested * range. The above already established that the current pgprot is * correct, which in consequence makes the requested pgprot correct * as well if it is the same. The static protection scan below will * not come to a different conclusion. */ if (pgprot_val(req_prot) == pgprot_val(old_prot)) { cpa_inc_lp_sameprot(level); return 0; } /* * If the requested range does not cover the full page, split it up */ if (address != lpaddr || cpa->numpages != numpages) return 1; /* * Check whether the requested pgprot is conflicting with a static * protection requirement in the large page. */ new_prot = static_protections(req_prot, lpaddr, old_pfn, numpages, psize, CPA_DETECT); /* * If there is a conflict, split the large page. * * There used to be a 4k wise evaluation trying really hard to * preserve the large pages, but experimentation has shown, that this * does not help at all. There might be corner cases which would * preserve one large page occasionally, but it's really not worth the * extra code and cycles for the common case. */ if (pgprot_val(req_prot) != pgprot_val(new_prot)) return 1; /* All checks passed. Update the large page mapping. */ new_pte = pfn_pte(old_pfn, new_prot); __set_pmd_pte(kpte, address, new_pte); cpa->flags |= CPA_FLUSHTLB; cpa_inc_lp_preserved(level); return 0; } static int should_split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, struct cpa_data *cpa) { int do_split; if (cpa->force_split) return 1; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); do_split = __should_split_large_page(kpte, address, cpa); spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return do_split; } static void split_set_pte(struct cpa_data *cpa, pte_t *pte, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t ref_prot, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { unsigned int npg = PFN_DOWN(size); pgprot_t prot; /* * If should_split_large_page() discovered an inconsistent mapping, * remove the invalid protection in the split mapping. */ if (!cpa->force_static_prot) goto set; /* Hand in lpsize = 0 to enforce the protection mechanism */ prot = static_protections(ref_prot, address, pfn, npg, 0, CPA_PROTECT); if (pgprot_val(prot) == pgprot_val(ref_prot)) goto set; /* * If this is splitting a PMD, fix it up. PUD splits cannot be * fixed trivially as that would require to rescan the newly * installed PMD mappings after returning from split_large_page() * so an eventual further split can allocate the necessary PTE * pages. Warn for now and revisit it in case this actually * happens. */ if (size == PAGE_SIZE) ref_prot = prot; else pr_warn_once("CPA: Cannot fixup static protections for PUD split\n"); set: set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(pfn, ref_prot)); } static int __split_large_page(struct cpa_data *cpa, pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, struct page *base) { unsigned long lpaddr, lpinc, ref_pfn, pfn, pfninc = 1; pte_t *pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base); unsigned int i, level; pgprot_t ref_prot; pte_t *tmp; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); /* * Check for races, another CPU might have split this page * up for us already: */ tmp = _lookup_address_cpa(cpa, address, &level); if (tmp != kpte) { spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return 1; } paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base)); switch (level) { case PG_LEVEL_2M: ref_prot = pmd_pgprot(*(pmd_t *)kpte); /* * Clear PSE (aka _PAGE_PAT) and move * PAT bit to correct position. */ ref_prot = pgprot_large_2_4k(ref_prot); ref_pfn = pmd_pfn(*(pmd_t *)kpte); lpaddr = address & PMD_MASK; lpinc = PAGE_SIZE; break; case PG_LEVEL_1G: ref_prot = pud_pgprot(*(pud_t *)kpte); ref_pfn = pud_pfn(*(pud_t *)kpte); pfninc = PMD_PAGE_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; lpaddr = address & PUD_MASK; lpinc = PMD_SIZE; /* * Clear the PSE flags if the PRESENT flag is not set * otherwise pmd_present/pmd_huge will return true * even on a non present pmd. */ if (!(pgprot_val(ref_prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) pgprot_val(ref_prot) &= ~_PAGE_PSE; break; default: spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return 1; } ref_prot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(ref_prot); /* * Get the target pfn from the original entry: */ pfn = ref_pfn; for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++, pfn += pfninc, lpaddr += lpinc) split_set_pte(cpa, pbase + i, pfn, ref_prot, lpaddr, lpinc); if (virt_addr_valid(address)) { unsigned long pfn = PFN_DOWN(__pa(address)); if (pfn_range_is_mapped(pfn, pfn + 1)) split_page_count(level); } /* * Install the new, split up pagetable. * * We use the standard kernel pagetable protections for the new * pagetable protections, the actual ptes set above control the * primary protection behavior: */ __set_pmd_pte(kpte, address, mk_pte(base, __pgprot(_KERNPG_TABLE))); /* * Do a global flush tlb after splitting the large page * and before we do the actual change page attribute in the PTE. * * Without this, we violate the TLB application note, that says: * "The TLBs may contain both ordinary and large-page * translations for a 4-KByte range of linear addresses. This * may occur if software modifies the paging structures so that * the page size used for the address range changes. If the two * translations differ with respect to page frame or attributes * (e.g., permissions), processor behavior is undefined and may * be implementation-specific." * * We do this global tlb flush inside the cpa_lock, so that we * don't allow any other cpu, with stale tlb entries change the * page attribute in parallel, that also falls into the * just split large page entry. */ flush_tlb_all(); spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return 0; } static int split_large_page(struct cpa_data *cpa, pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address) { struct page *base; if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_unlock(&cpa_lock); base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 0); if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_lock(&cpa_lock); if (!base) return -ENOMEM; if (__split_large_page(cpa, kpte, address, base)) __free_page(base); return 0; } static bool try_to_free_pte_page(pte_t *pte) { int i; for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) if (!pte_none(pte[i])) return false; free_page((unsigned long)pte); return true; } static bool try_to_free_pmd_page(pmd_t *pmd) { int i; for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) if (!pmd_none(pmd[i])) return false; free_page((unsigned long)pmd); return true; } static bool unmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { pte_t *pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, start); while (start < end) { set_pte(pte, __pte(0)); start += PAGE_SIZE; pte++; } if (try_to_free_pte_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd))) { pmd_clear(pmd); return true; } return false; } static void __unmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (unmap_pte_range(pmd, start, end)) if (try_to_free_pmd_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud))) pud_clear(pud); } static void unmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); /* * Not on a 2MB page boundary? */ if (start & (PMD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long next_page = (start + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; unsigned long pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, end, next_page); __unmap_pmd_range(pud, pmd, start, pre_end); start = pre_end; pmd++; } /* * Try to unmap in 2M chunks. */ while (end - start >= PMD_SIZE) { if (pmd_large(*pmd)) pmd_clear(pmd); else __unmap_pmd_range(pud, pmd, start, start + PMD_SIZE); start += PMD_SIZE; pmd++; } /* * 4K leftovers? */ if (start < end) return __unmap_pmd_range(pud, pmd, start, end); /* * Try again to free the PMD page if haven't succeeded above. */ if (!pud_none(*pud)) if (try_to_free_pmd_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud))) pud_clear(pud); } static void unmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); /* * Not on a GB page boundary? */ if (start & (PUD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long next_page = (start + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; unsigned long pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, end, next_page); unmap_pmd_range(pud, start, pre_end); start = pre_end; pud++; } /* * Try to unmap in 1G chunks? */ while (end - start >= PUD_SIZE) { if (pud_large(*pud)) pud_clear(pud); else unmap_pmd_range(pud, start, start + PUD_SIZE); start += PUD_SIZE; pud++; } /* * 2M leftovers? */ if (start < end) unmap_pmd_range(pud, start, end); /* * No need to try to free the PUD page because we'll free it in * populate_pgd's error path */ } static int alloc_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *pte = (pte_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!pte) return -1; set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); return 0; } static int alloc_pmd_page(pud_t *pud) { pmd_t *pmd = (pmd_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!pmd) return -1; set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); return 0; } static void populate_pte(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned num_pages, pmd_t *pmd, pgprot_t pgprot) { pte_t *pte; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, start); pgprot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(pgprot); while (num_pages-- && start < end) { set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(cpa->pfn, pgprot)); start += PAGE_SIZE; cpa->pfn++; pte++; } } static long populate_pmd(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned num_pages, pud_t *pud, pgprot_t pgprot) { long cur_pages = 0; pmd_t *pmd; pgprot_t pmd_pgprot; /* * Not on a 2M boundary? */ if (start & (PMD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long pre_end = start + (num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT); unsigned long next_page = (start + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, pre_end, next_page); cur_pages = (pre_end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages = min_t(unsigned int, num_pages, cur_pages); /* * Need a PTE page? */ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); if (pmd_none(*pmd)) if (alloc_pte_page(pmd)) return -1; populate_pte(cpa, start, pre_end, cur_pages, pmd, pgprot); start = pre_end; } /* * We mapped them all? */ if (num_pages == cur_pages) return cur_pages; pmd_pgprot = pgprot_4k_2_large(pgprot); while (end - start >= PMD_SIZE) { /* * We cannot use a 1G page so allocate a PMD page if needed. */ if (pud_none(*pud)) if (alloc_pmd_page(pud)) return -1; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); set_pmd(pmd, pmd_mkhuge(pfn_pmd(cpa->pfn, canon_pgprot(pmd_pgprot)))); start += PMD_SIZE; cpa->pfn += PMD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages += PMD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* * Map trailing 4K pages. */ if (start < end) { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); if (pmd_none(*pmd)) if (alloc_pte_page(pmd)) return -1; populate_pte(cpa, start, end, num_pages - cur_pages, pmd, pgprot); } return num_pages; } static int populate_pud(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long start, p4d_t *p4d, pgprot_t pgprot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long end; long cur_pages = 0; pgprot_t pud_pgprot; end = start + (cpa->numpages << PAGE_SHIFT); /* * Not on a Gb page boundary? => map everything up to it with * smaller pages. */ if (start & (PUD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long pre_end; unsigned long next_page = (start + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, end, next_page); cur_pages = (pre_end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages = min_t(int, (int)cpa->numpages, cur_pages); pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); /* * Need a PMD page? */ if (pud_none(*pud)) if (alloc_pmd_page(pud)) return -1; cur_pages = populate_pmd(cpa, start, pre_end, cur_pages, pud, pgprot); if (cur_pages < 0) return cur_pages; start = pre_end; } /* We mapped them all? */ if (cpa->numpages == cur_pages) return cur_pages; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); pud_pgprot = pgprot_4k_2_large(pgprot); /* * Map everything starting from the Gb boundary, possibly with 1G pages */ while (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_GBPAGES) && end - start >= PUD_SIZE) { set_pud(pud, pud_mkhuge(pfn_pud(cpa->pfn, canon_pgprot(pud_pgprot)))); start += PUD_SIZE; cpa->pfn += PUD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages += PUD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud++; } /* Map trailing leftover */ if (start < end) { long tmp; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); if (pud_none(*pud)) if (alloc_pmd_page(pud)) return -1; tmp = populate_pmd(cpa, start, end, cpa->numpages - cur_pages, pud, pgprot); if (tmp < 0) return cur_pages; cur_pages += tmp; } return cur_pages; } /* * Restrictions for kernel page table do not necessarily apply when mapping in * an alternate PGD. */ static int populate_pgd(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long addr) { pgprot_t pgprot = __pgprot(_KERNPG_TABLE); pud_t *pud = NULL; /* shut up gcc */ p4d_t *p4d; pgd_t *pgd_entry; long ret; pgd_entry = cpa->pgd + pgd_index(addr); if (pgd_none(*pgd_entry)) { p4d = (p4d_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!p4d) return -1; set_pgd(pgd_entry, __pgd(__pa(p4d) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); } /* * Allocate a PUD page and hand it down for mapping. */ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd_entry, addr); if (p4d_none(*p4d)) { pud = (pud_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!pud) return -1; set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(__pa(pud) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); } pgprot_val(pgprot) &= ~pgprot_val(cpa->mask_clr); pgprot_val(pgprot) |= pgprot_val(cpa->mask_set); ret = populate_pud(cpa, addr, p4d, pgprot); if (ret < 0) { /* * Leave the PUD page in place in case some other CPU or thread * already found it, but remove any useless entries we just * added to it. */ unmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, addr + (cpa->numpages << PAGE_SHIFT)); return ret; } cpa->numpages = ret; return 0; } static int __cpa_process_fault(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long vaddr, int primary) { if (cpa->pgd) { /* * Right now, we only execute this code path when mapping * the EFI virtual memory map regions, no other users * provide a ->pgd value. This may change in the future. */ return populate_pgd(cpa, vaddr); } /* * Ignore all non primary paths. */ if (!primary) { cpa->numpages = 1; return 0; } /* * Ignore the NULL PTE for kernel identity mapping, as it is expected * to have holes. * Also set numpages to '1' indicating that we processed cpa req for * one virtual address page and its pfn. TBD: numpages can be set based * on the initial value and the level returned by lookup_address(). */ if (within(vaddr, PAGE_OFFSET, PAGE_OFFSET + (max_pfn_mapped << PAGE_SHIFT))) { cpa->numpages = 1; cpa->pfn = __pa(vaddr) >> PAGE_SHIFT; return 0; } else if (__cpa_pfn_in_highmap(cpa->pfn)) { /* Faults in the highmap are OK, so do not warn: */ return -EFAULT; } else { WARN(1, KERN_WARNING "CPA: called for zero pte. " "vaddr = %lx cpa->vaddr = %lx\n", vaddr, *cpa->vaddr); return -EFAULT; } } static int __change_page_attr(struct cpa_data *cpa, int primary) { unsigned long address; int do_split, err; unsigned int level; pte_t *kpte, old_pte; address = __cpa_addr(cpa, cpa->curpage); repeat: kpte = _lookup_address_cpa(cpa, address, &level); if (!kpte) return __cpa_process_fault(cpa, address, primary); old_pte = *kpte; if (pte_none(old_pte)) return __cpa_process_fault(cpa, address, primary); if (level == PG_LEVEL_4K) { pte_t new_pte; pgprot_t new_prot = pte_pgprot(old_pte); unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(old_pte); pgprot_val(new_prot) &= ~pgprot_val(cpa->mask_clr); pgprot_val(new_prot) |= pgprot_val(cpa->mask_set); cpa_inc_4k_install(); /* Hand in lpsize = 0 to enforce the protection mechanism */ new_prot = static_protections(new_prot, address, pfn, 1, 0, CPA_PROTECT); new_prot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(new_prot); /* * We need to keep the pfn from the existing PTE, * after all we're only going to change it's attributes * not the memory it points to */ new_pte = pfn_pte(pfn, new_prot); cpa->pfn = pfn; /* * Do we really change anything ? */ if (pte_val(old_pte) != pte_val(new_pte)) { set_pte_atomic(kpte, new_pte); cpa->flags |= CPA_FLUSHTLB; } cpa->numpages = 1; return 0; } /* * Check, whether we can keep the large page intact * and just change the pte: */ do_split = should_split_large_page(kpte, address, cpa); /* * When the range fits into the existing large page, * return. cp->numpages and cpa->tlbflush have been updated in * try_large_page: */ if (do_split <= 0) return do_split; /* * We have to split the large page: */ err = split_large_page(cpa, kpte, address); if (!err) goto repeat; return err; } static int __change_page_attr_set_clr(struct cpa_data *cpa, int checkalias); static int cpa_process_alias(struct cpa_data *cpa) { struct cpa_data alias_cpa; unsigned long laddr = (unsigned long)__va(cpa->pfn << PAGE_SHIFT); unsigned long vaddr; int ret; if (!pfn_range_is_mapped(cpa->pfn, cpa->pfn + 1)) return 0; /* * No need to redo, when the primary call touched the direct * mapping already: */ vaddr = __cpa_addr(cpa, cpa->curpage); if (!(within(vaddr, PAGE_OFFSET, PAGE_OFFSET + (max_pfn_mapped << PAGE_SHIFT)))) { alias_cpa = *cpa; alias_cpa.vaddr = &laddr; alias_cpa.flags &= ~(CPA_PAGES_ARRAY | CPA_ARRAY); alias_cpa.curpage = 0; cpa->force_flush_all = 1; ret = __change_page_attr_set_clr(&alias_cpa, 0); if (ret) return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * If the primary call didn't touch the high mapping already * and the physical address is inside the kernel map, we need * to touch the high mapped kernel as well: */ if (!within(vaddr, (unsigned long)_text, _brk_end) && __cpa_pfn_in_highmap(cpa->pfn)) { unsigned long temp_cpa_vaddr = (cpa->pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) + __START_KERNEL_map - phys_base; alias_cpa = *cpa; alias_cpa.vaddr = &temp_cpa_vaddr; alias_cpa.flags &= ~(CPA_PAGES_ARRAY | CPA_ARRAY); alias_cpa.curpage = 0; cpa->force_flush_all = 1; /* * The high mapping range is imprecise, so ignore the * return value. */ __change_page_attr_set_clr(&alias_cpa, 0); } #endif return 0; } static int __change_page_attr_set_clr(struct cpa_data *cpa, int checkalias) { unsigned long numpages = cpa->numpages; unsigned long rempages = numpages; int ret = 0; while (rempages) { /* * Store the remaining nr of pages for the large page * preservation check. */ cpa->numpages = rempages; /* for array changes, we can't use large page */ if (cpa->flags & (CPA_ARRAY | CPA_PAGES_ARRAY)) cpa->numpages = 1; if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_lock(&cpa_lock); ret = __change_page_attr(cpa, checkalias); if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_unlock(&