1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd. */ #ifndef __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #define __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* REP NOP (PAUSE) is a good thing to insert into busy-wait loops. */ static __always_inline void rep_nop(void) { asm volatile("rep; nop" ::: "memory"); } static __always_inline void cpu_relax(void) { rep_nop(); } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H */
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But we need to * get the type for the ~ right in round_down (it needs to be * as wide as the result!), and we want to evaluate the macro * arguments just once each. */ #define __round_mask(x, y) ((__typeof__(x))((y)-1)) /** * round_up - round up to next specified power of 2 * @x: the value to round * @y: multiple to round up to (must be a power of 2) * * Rounds @x up to next multiple of @y (which must be a power of 2). * To perform arbitrary rounding up, use roundup() below. */ #define round_up(x, y) ((((x)-1) | __round_mask(x, y))+1) /** * round_down - round down to next specified power of 2 * @x: the value to round * @y: multiple to round down to (must be a power of 2) * * Rounds @x down to next multiple of @y (which must be a power of 2). * To perform arbitrary rounding down, use rounddown() below. */ #define round_down(x, y) ((x) & ~__round_mask(x, y)) #define typeof_member(T, m) typeof(((T*)0)->m) #define DIV_ROUND_UP __KERNEL_DIV_ROUND_UP #define DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(ll, d) \ ({ unsigned long long _tmp = (ll); do_div(_tmp, d); _tmp; }) #define DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL(ll, d) \ DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL((unsigned long long)(ll) + (d) - 1, (d)) #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 # define DIV_ROUND_UP_SECTOR_T(ll,d) DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL(ll, d) #else # define DIV_ROUND_UP_SECTOR_T(ll,d) DIV_ROUND_UP(ll,d) #endif /** * roundup - round up to the next specified multiple * @x: the value to up * @y: multiple to round up to * * Rounds @x up to next multiple of @y. If @y will always be a power * of 2, consider using the faster round_up(). */ #define roundup(x, y) ( \ { \ typeof(y) __y = y; \ (((x) + (__y - 1)) / __y) * __y; \ } \ ) /** * rounddown - round down to next specified multiple * @x: the value to round * @y: multiple to round down to * * Rounds @x down to next multiple of @y. If @y will always be a power * of 2, consider using the faster round_down(). */ #define rounddown(x, y) ( \ { \ typeof(x) __x = (x); \ __x - (__x % (y)); \ } \ ) /* * Divide positive or negative dividend by positive or negative divisor * and round to closest integer. Result is undefined for negative * divisors if the dividend variable type is unsigned and for negative * dividends if the divisor variable type is unsigned. */ #define DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(x, divisor)( \ { \ typeof(x) __x = x; \ typeof(divisor) __d = divisor; \ (((typeof(x))-1) > 0 || \ ((typeof(divisor))-1) > 0 || \ (((__x) > 0) == ((__d) > 0))) ? \ (((__x) + ((__d) / 2)) / (__d)) : \ (((__x) - ((__d) / 2)) / (__d)); \ } \ ) /* * Same as above but for u64 dividends. divisor must be a 32-bit * number. */ #define DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(x, divisor)( \ { \ typeof(divisor) __d = divisor; \ unsigned long long _tmp = (x) + (__d) / 2; \ do_div(_tmp, __d); \ _tmp; \ } \ ) /* * Multiplies an integer by a fraction, while avoiding unnecessary * overflow or loss of precision. */ #define mult_frac(x, numer, denom)( \ { \ typeof(x) quot = (x) / (denom); \ typeof(x) rem = (x) % (denom); \ (quot * (numer)) + ((rem * (numer)) / (denom)); \ } \ ) #define _RET_IP_ (unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0) #define _THIS_IP_ ({ __label__ __here; __here: (unsigned long)&&__here; }) #define sector_div(a, b) do_div(a, b) /** * upper_32_bits - return bits 32-63 of a number * @n: the number we're accessing * * A basic shift-right of a 64- or 32-bit quantity. Use this to suppress * the "right shift count >= width of type" warning when that quantity is * 32-bits. */ #define upper_32_bits(n) ((u32)(((n) >> 16) >> 16)) /** * lower_32_bits - return bits 0-31 of a number * @n: the number we're accessing */ #define lower_32_bits(n) ((u32)((n) & 0xffffffff)) struct completion; struct pt_regs; struct user; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY extern int _cond_resched(void); # define might_resched() _cond_resched() #else # define might_resched() do { } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP extern void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset); extern void __might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset); extern void __cant_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset); /** * might_sleep - annotation for functions that can sleep * * this macro will print a stack trace if it is executed in an atomic * context (spinlock, irq-handler, ...). Additional sections where blocking is * not allowed can be annotated with non_block_start() and non_block_end() * pairs. * * This is a useful debugging help to be able to catch problems early and not * be bitten later when the calling function happens to sleep when it is not * supposed to. */ # define might_sleep() \ do { __might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); might_resched(); } while (0) /** * cant_sleep - annotation for functions that cannot sleep * * this macro will print a stack trace if it is executed with preemption enabled */ # define cant_sleep() \ do { __cant_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); } while (0) # define sched_annotate_sleep() (current->task_state_change = 0) /** * non_block_start - annotate the start of section where sleeping is prohibited * * This is on behalf of the oom reaper, specifically when it is calling the mmu * notifiers. The problem is that if the notifier were to block on, for example, * mutex_lock() and if the process which holds that mutex were to perform a * sleeping memory allocation, the oom reaper is now blocked on completion of * that memory allocation. Other blocking calls like wait_event() pose similar * issues. */ # define non_block_start() (current->non_block_count++) /** * non_block_end - annotate the end of section where sleeping is prohibited * * Closes a section opened by non_block_start(). */ # define non_block_end() WARN_ON(current->non_block_count-- == 0) #else static inline void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset) { } static inline void __might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset) { } # define might_sleep() do { might_resched(); } while (0) # define cant_sleep() do { } while (0) # define sched_annotate_sleep() do { } while (0) # define non_block_start() do { } while (0) # define non_block_end() do { } while (0) #endif #define might_sleep_if(cond) do { if (cond) might_sleep(); } while (0) #ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT # define cant_migrate() cant_sleep() #else /* Placeholder for now */ # define cant_migrate() do { } while (0) #endif /** * abs - return absolute value of an argument * @x: the value. If it is unsigned type, it is converted to signed type first. * char is treated as if it was signed (regardless of whether it really is) * but the macro's return type is preserved as char. * * Return: an absolute value of x. */ #define abs(x) __abs_choose_expr(x, long long, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, long, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, int, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, short, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, char, \ __builtin_choose_expr( \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(x), char), \ (char)({ signed char __x = (x); __x<0?-__x:__x; }), \ ((void)0))))))) #define __abs_choose_expr(x, type, other) __builtin_choose_expr( \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(x), signed type) || \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(x), unsigned type), \ ({ signed type __x = (x); __x < 0 ? -__x : __x; }), other) /** * reciprocal_scale - "scale" a value into range [0, ep_ro) * @val: value * @ep_ro: right open interval endpoint * * Perform a "reciprocal multiplication" in order to "scale" a value into * range [0, @ep_ro), where the upper interval endpoint is right-open. * This is useful, e.g. for accessing a index of an array containing * @ep_ro elements, for example. Think of it as sort of modulus, only that * the result isn't that of modulo. ;) Note that if initial input is a * small value, then result will return 0. * * Return: a result based on @val in interval [0, @ep_ro). */ static inline u32 reciprocal_scale(u32 val, u32 ep_ro) { return (u32)(((u64) val * ep_ro) >> 32); } #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) && \ (defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP)) #define might_fault() __might_fault(__FILE__, __LINE__) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line); #else static inline void might_fault(void) { } #endif extern struct atomic_notifier_head panic_notifier_list; extern long (*panic_blink)(int state); __printf(1, 2) void panic(const char *fmt, ...) __noreturn __cold; void nmi_panic(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *msg); extern void oops_enter(void); extern void oops_exit(void); extern bool oops_may_print(void); void do_exit(long error_code) __noreturn; void complete_and_exit(struct completion *, long) __noreturn; /* Internal, do not use. */ int __must_check _kstrtoul(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned long *res); int __must_check _kstrtol(const char *s, unsigned int base, long *res); int __must_check kstrtoull(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned long long *res); int __must_check kstrtoll(const char *s, unsigned int base, long long *res); /** * kstrtoul - convert a string to an unsigned long * @s: The start of the string. The string must be null-terminated, and may also * include a single newline before its terminating null. The first character * may also be a plus sign, but not a minus sign. * @base: The number base to use. The maximum supported base is 16. If base is * given as 0, then the base of the string is automatically detected with the * conventional semantics - If it begins with 0x the number will be parsed as a * hexadecimal (case insensitive), if it otherwise begins with 0, it will be * parsed as an octal number. Otherwise it will be parsed as a decimal. * @res: Where to write the result of the conversion on success. * * Returns 0 on success, -ERANGE on overflow and -EINVAL on parsing error. * Preferred over simple_strtoul(). Return code must be checked. */ static inline int __must_check kstrtoul(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned long *res) { /* * We want to shortcut function call, but * __builtin_types_compatible_p(unsigned long, unsigned long long) = 0. */ if (sizeof(unsigned long) == sizeof(unsigned long long) && __alignof__(unsigned long) == __alignof__(unsigned long long)) return kstrtoull(s, base, (unsigned long long *)res); else return _kstrtoul(s, base, res); } /** * kstrtol - convert a string to a long * @s: The start of the string. The string must be null-terminated, and may also * include a single newline before its terminating null. The first character * may also be a plus sign or a minus sign. * @base: The number base to use. The maximum supported base is 16. If base is * given as 0, then the base of the string is automatically detected with the * conventional semantics - If it begins with 0x the number will be parsed as a * hexadecimal (case insensitive), if it otherwise begins with 0, it will be * parsed as an octal number. Otherwise it will be parsed as a decimal. * @res: Where to write the result of the conversion on success. * * Returns 0 on success, -ERANGE on overflow and -EINVAL on parsing error. * Preferred over simple_strtol(). Return code must be checked. */ static inline int __must_check kstrtol(const char *s, unsigned int base, long *res) { /* * We want to shortcut function call, but * __builtin_types_compatible_p(long, long long) = 0. */ if (sizeof(long) == sizeof(long long) && __alignof__(long) == __alignof__(long long)) return kstrtoll(s, base, (long long *)res); else return _kstrtol(s, base, res); } int __must_check kstrtouint(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned int *res); int __must_check kstrtoint(const char *s, unsigned int base, int *res); static inline int __must_check kstrtou64(const char *s, unsigned int base, u64 *res) { return kstrtoull(s, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos64(const char *s, unsigned int base, s64 *res) { return kstrtoll(s, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtou32(const char *s, unsigned int base, u32 *res) { return kstrtouint(s, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos32(const char *s, unsigned int base, s32 *res) { return kstrtoint(s, base, res); } int __must_check kstrtou16(const char *s, unsigned int base, u16 *res); int __must_check kstrtos16(const char *s, unsigned int base, s16 *res); int __must_check kstrtou8(const char *s, unsigned int base, u8 *res); int __must_check kstrtos8(const char *s, unsigned int base, s8 *res); int __must_check kstrtobool(const char *s, bool *res); int __must_check kstrtoull_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, unsigned long long *res); int __must_check kstrtoll_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, long long *res); int __must_check kstrtoul_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, unsigned long *res); int __must_check kstrtol_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, long *res); int __must_check kstrtouint_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, unsigned int *res); int __must_check kstrtoint_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, int *res); int __must_check kstrtou16_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u16 *res); int __must_check kstrtos16_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s16 *res); int __must_check kstrtou8_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u8 *res); int __must_check kstrtos8_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s8 *res); int __must_check kstrtobool_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, bool *res); static inline int __must_check kstrtou64_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u64 *res) { return kstrtoull_from_user(s, count, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos64_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s64 *res) { return kstrtoll_from_user(s, count, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtou32_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u32 *res) { return kstrtouint_from_user(s, count, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos32_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s32 *res) { return kstrtoint_from_user(s, count, base, res); } /* * Use kstrto<foo> instead. * * NOTE: simple_strto<foo> does not check for the range overflow and, * depending on the input, may give interesting results. * * Use these functions if and only if you cannot use kstrto<foo>, because * the conversion ends on the first non-digit character, which may be far * beyond the supported range. It might be useful to parse the strings like * 10x50 or 12:21 without altering original string or temporary buffer in use. * Keep in mind above caveat. */ extern unsigned long simple_strtoul(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern long simple_strtol(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern unsigned long long simple_strtoull(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern long long simple_strtoll(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern int num_to_str(char *buf, int size, unsigned long long num, unsigned int width); /* lib/printf utilities */ extern __printf(2, 3) int sprintf(char *buf, const char * fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int vsprintf(char *buf, const char *, va_list); extern __printf(3, 4) int snprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 0) int vsnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __printf(3, 4) int scnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 0) int vscnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __printf(2, 3) __malloc char *kasprintf(gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) __malloc char *kvasprintf(gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __printf(2, 0) const char *kvasprintf_const(gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __scanf(2, 3) int sscanf(const char *, const char *, ...); extern __scanf(2, 0) int vsscanf(const char *, const char *, va_list); extern int get_option(char **str, int *pint); extern char *get_options(const char *str, int nints, int *ints); extern unsigned long long memparse(const char *ptr, char **retptr); extern bool parse_option_str(const char *str, const char *option); extern char *next_arg(char *args, char **param, char **val); extern int core_kernel_text(unsigned long addr); extern int init_kernel_text(unsigned long addr); extern int core_kernel_data(unsigned long addr); extern int __kernel_text_address(unsigned long addr); extern int kernel_text_address(unsigned long addr); extern int func_ptr_is_kernel_text(void *ptr); u64 int_pow(u64 base, unsigned int exp); unsigned long int_sqrt(unsigned long); #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 u32 int_sqrt64(u64 x); #else static inline u32 int_sqrt64(u64 x) { return (u32)int_sqrt(x); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern unsigned int sysctl_oops_all_cpu_backtrace; #else #define sysctl_oops_all_cpu_backtrace 0 #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern void bust_spinlocks(int yes); extern int panic_timeout; extern unsigned long panic_print; extern int panic_on_oops; extern int panic_on_unrecovered_nmi; extern int panic_on_io_nmi; extern int panic_on_warn; extern unsigned long panic_on_taint; extern bool panic_on_taint_nousertaint; extern int sysctl_panic_on_rcu_stall; extern int sysctl_panic_on_stackoverflow; extern bool crash_kexec_post_notifiers; /* * panic_cpu is used for synchronizing panic() and crash_kexec() execution. It * holds a CPU number which is executing panic() currently. A value of * PANIC_CPU_INVALID means no CPU has entered panic() or crash_kexec(). */ extern atomic_t panic_cpu; #define PANIC_CPU_INVALID -1 /* * Only to be used by arch init code. If the user over-wrote the default * CONFIG_PANIC_TIMEOUT, honor it. */ static inline void set_arch_panic_timeout(int timeout, int arch_default_timeout) { if (panic_timeout == arch_default_timeout) panic_timeout = timeout; } extern const char *print_tainted(void); enum lockdep_ok { LOCKDEP_STILL_OK, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE }; extern void add_taint(unsigned flag, enum lockdep_ok); extern int test_taint(unsigned flag); extern unsigned long get_taint(void); extern int root_mountflags; extern bool early_boot_irqs_disabled; /* * Values used for system_state. Ordering of the states must not be changed * as code checks for <, <=, >, >= STATE. */ extern enum system_states { SYSTEM_BOOTING, SYSTEM_SCHEDULING, SYSTEM_RUNNING, SYSTEM_HALT, SYSTEM_POWER_OFF, SYSTEM_RESTART, SYSTEM_SUSPEND, } system_state; /* This cannot be an enum because some may be used in assembly source. */ #define TAINT_PROPRIETARY_MODULE 0 #define TAINT_FORCED_MODULE 1 #define TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC 2 #define TAINT_FORCED_RMMOD 3 #define TAINT_MACHINE_CHECK 4 #define TAINT_BAD_PAGE 5 #define TAINT_USER 6 #define TAINT_DIE 7 #define TAINT_OVERRIDDEN_ACPI_TABLE 8 #define TAINT_WARN 9 #define TAINT_CRAP 10 #define TAINT_FIRMWARE_WORKAROUND 11 #define TAINT_OOT_MODULE 12 #define TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE 13 #define TAINT_SOFTLOCKUP 14 #define TAINT_LIVEPATCH 15 #define TAINT_AUX 16 #define TAINT_RANDSTRUCT 17 #define TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT 18 #define TAINT_FLAGS_MAX ((1UL << TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT) - 1) struct taint_flag { char c_true; /* character printed when tainted */ char c_false; /* character printed when not tainted */ bool module; /* also show as a per-module taint flag */ }; extern const struct taint_flag taint_flags[TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT]; extern const char hex_asc[]; #define hex_asc_lo(x) hex_asc[((x) & 0x0f)] #define hex_asc_hi(x) hex_asc[((x) & 0xf0) >> 4] static inline char *hex_byte_pack(char *buf, u8 byte) { *buf++ = hex_asc_hi(byte); *buf++ = hex_asc_lo(byte); return buf; } extern const char hex_asc_upper[]; #define hex_asc_upper_lo(x) hex_asc_upper[((x) & 0x0f)] #define hex_asc_upper_hi(x) hex_asc_upper[((x) & 0xf0) >> 4] static inline char *hex_byte_pack_upper(char *buf, u8 byte) { *buf++ = hex_asc_upper_hi(byte); *buf++ = hex_asc_upper_lo(byte); return buf; } extern int hex_to_bin(char ch); extern int __must_check hex2bin(u8 *dst, const char *src, size_t count); extern char *bin2hex(char *dst, const void *src, size_t count); bool mac_pton(const char *s, u8 *mac); /* * General tracing related utility functions - trace_printk(), * tracing_on/tracing_off and tracing_start()/tracing_stop * * Use tracing_on/tracing_off when you want to quickly turn on or off * tracing. It simply enables or disables the recording of the trace events. * This also corresponds to the user space /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_on * file, which gives a means for the kernel and userspace to interact. * Place a tracing_off() in the kernel where you want tracing to end. * From user space, examine the trace, and then echo 1 > tracing_on * to continue tracing. * * tracing_stop/tracing_start has slightly more overhead. It is used * by things like suspend to ram where disabling the recording of the * trace is not enough, but tracing must actually stop because things * like calling smp_processor_id() may crash the system. * * Most likely, you want to use tracing_on/tracing_off. */ enum ftrace_dump_mode { DUMP_NONE, DUMP_ALL, DUMP_ORIG, }; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING void tracing_on(void); void tracing_off(void); int tracing_is_on(void); void tracing_snapshot(void); void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void); extern void tracing_start(void); extern void tracing_stop(void); static inline __printf(1, 2) void ____trace_printk_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { } #define __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (0) \ ____trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \ } while (0) /** * trace_printk - printf formatting in the ftrace buffer * @fmt: the printf format for printing * * Note: __trace_printk is an internal function for trace_printk() and * the @ip is passed in via the trace_printk() macro. * * This function allows a kernel developer to debug fast path sections * that printk is not appropriate for. By scattering in various * printk like tracing in the code, a developer can quickly see * where problems are occurring. * * This is intended as a debugging tool for the developer only. * Please refrain from leaving trace_printks scattered around in * your code. (Extra memory is used for special buffers that are * allocated when trace_printk() is used.) * * A little optimization trick is done here. If there's only one * argument, there's no need to scan the string for printf formats. * The trace_puts() will suffice. But how can we take advantage of * using trace_puts() when trace_printk() has only one argument? * By stringifying the args and checking the size we can tell * whether or not there are args. __stringify((__VA_ARGS__)) will * turn into "()\0" with a size of 3 when there are no args, anything * else will be bigger. All we need to do is define a string to this, * and then take its size and compare to 3. If it's bigger, use * do_trace_printk() otherwise, optimize it to trace_puts(). Then just * let gcc optimize the rest. */ #define trace_printk(fmt, ...) \ do { \ char _______STR[] = __stringify((__VA_ARGS__)); \ if (sizeof(_______STR) > 3) \ do_trace_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ else \ trace_puts(fmt); \ } while (0) #define do_trace_printk(fmt, args...) \ do { \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt __used \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(fmt) ? fmt : NULL; \ \ __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(fmt)) \ __trace_bprintk(_THIS_IP_, trace_printk_fmt, ##args); \ else \ __trace_printk(_THIS_IP_, fmt, ##args); \ } while (0) extern __printf(2, 3) int __trace_bprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 3) int __trace_printk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...); /** * trace_puts - write a string into the ftrace buffer * @str: the string to record * * Note: __trace_bputs is an internal function for trace_puts and * the @ip is passed in via the trace_puts macro. * * This is similar to trace_printk() but is made for those really fast * paths that a developer wants the least amount of "Heisenbug" effects, * where the processing of the print format is still too much. * * This function allows a kernel developer to debug fast path sections * that printk is not appropriate for. By scattering in various * printk like tracing in the code, a developer can quickly see * where problems are occurring. * * This is intended as a debugging tool for the developer only. * Please refrain from leaving trace_puts scattered around in * your code. (Extra memory is used for special buffers that are * allocated when trace_puts() is used.) * * Returns: 0 if nothing was written, positive # if string was. * (1 when __trace_bputs is used, strlen(str) when __trace_puts is used) */ #define trace_puts(str) ({ \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt __used \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(str) ? str : NULL; \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(str)) \ __trace_bputs(_THIS_IP_, trace_printk_fmt); \ else \ __trace_puts(_THIS_IP_, str, strlen(str)); \ }) extern int __trace_bputs(unsigned long ip, const char *str); extern int __trace_puts(unsigned long ip, const char *str, int size); extern void trace_dump_stack(int skip); /* * The double __builtin_constant_p is because gcc will give us an error * if we try to allocate the static variable to fmt if it is not a * constant. Even with the outer if statement. */ #define ftrace_vprintk(fmt, vargs) \ do { \ if (__builtin_constant_p(fmt)) { \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt __used \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(fmt) ? fmt : NULL; \ \ __ftrace_vbprintk(_THIS_IP_, trace_printk_fmt, vargs); \ } else \ __ftrace_vprintk(_THIS_IP_, fmt, vargs); \ } while (0) extern __printf(2, 0) int __ftrace_vbprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list ap); extern __printf(2, 0) int __ftrace_vprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list ap); extern void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode); #else static inline void tracing_start(void) { } static inline void tracing_stop(void) { } static inline void trace_dump_stack(int skip) { } static inline void tracing_on(void) { } static inline void tracing_off(void) { } static inline int tracing_is_on(void) { return 0; } static inline void tracing_snapshot(void) { } static inline void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) int trace_printk(const char *fmt, ...) { return 0; } static __printf(1, 0) inline int ftrace_vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list ap) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ /* This counts to 12. Any more, it will return 13th argument. */ #define __COUNT_ARGS(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _n, X...) _n #define COUNT_ARGS(X...) __COUNT_ARGS(, ##X, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0) #define __CONCAT(a, b) a ## b #define CONCATENATE(a, b) __CONCAT(a, b) /** * container_of - cast a member of a structure out to the containing structure * @ptr: the pointer to the member. * @type: the type of the container struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the member within the struct. * */ #define container_of(ptr, type, member) ({ \ void *__mptr = (void *)(ptr); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__same_type(*(ptr), ((type *)0)->member) && \ !__same_type(*(ptr), void), \ "pointer type mismatch in container_of()"); \ ((type *)(__mptr - offsetof(type, member))); }) /** * container_of_safe - cast a member of a structure out to the containing structure * @ptr: the pointer to the member. * @type: the type of the container struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the member within the struct. * * If IS_ERR_OR_NULL(ptr), ptr is returned unchanged. */ #define container_of_safe(ptr, type, member) ({ \ void *__mptr = (void *)(ptr); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__same_type(*(ptr), ((type *)0)->member) && \ !__same_type(*(ptr), void), \ "pointer type mismatch in container_of()"); \ IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__mptr) ? ERR_CAST(__mptr) : \ ((type *)(__mptr - offsetof(type, member))); }) /* Rebuild everything on CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD */ #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD # define REBUILD_DUE_TO_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD #endif /* Permissions on a sysfs file: you didn't miss the 0 prefix did you? */ #define VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(perms) \ (BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((perms) < 0) + \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((perms) > 0777) + \ /* USER_READABLE >= GROUP_READABLE >= OTHER_READABLE */ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((((perms) >> 6) & 4) < (((perms) >> 3) & 4)) + \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((((perms) >> 3) & 4) < ((perms) & 4)) + \ /* USER_WRITABLE >= GROUP_WRITABLE */ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((((perms) >> 6) & 2) < (((perms) >> 3) & 2)) + \ /* OTHER_WRITABLE? Generally considered a bad idea. */ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((perms) & 2) + \ (perms)) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H #define _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <asm/nops.h> #include <asm/processor-flags.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> /* * The compiler should not reorder volatile asm statements with respect to each * other: they should execute in program order. However GCC 4.9.x and 5.x have * a bug (which was fixed in 8.1, 7.3 and 6.5) where they might reorder * volatile asm. The write functions are not affected since they have memory * clobbers preventing reordering. To prevent reads from being reordered with * respect to writes, use a dummy memory operand. */ #define __FORCE_ORDER "m"(*(unsigned int *)0x1000UL) void native_write_cr0(unsigned long val); static inline unsigned long native_read_cr0(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr0,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static __always_inline unsigned long native_read_cr2(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr2,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static __always_inline void native_write_cr2(unsigned long val) { asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr2": : "r" (val) : "memory"); } static inline unsigned long __native_read_cr3(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr3,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static inline void native_write_cr3(unsigned long val) { asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr3": : "r" (val) : "memory"); } static inline unsigned long native_read_cr4(void) { unsigned long val; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * This could fault if CR4 does not exist. Non-existent CR4 * is functionally equivalent to CR4 == 0. Keep it simple and pretend * that CR4 == 0 on CPUs that don't have CR4. */ asm volatile("1: mov %%cr4, %0\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 2b) : "=r" (val) : "0" (0), __FORCE_ORDER); #else /* CR4 always exists on x86_64. */ asm volatile("mov %%cr4,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); #endif return val; } void native_write_cr4(unsigned long val); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS static inline u32 rdpkru(void) { u32 ecx = 0; u32 edx, pkru; /* * "rdpkru" instruction. Places PKRU contents in to EAX, * clears EDX and requires that ecx=0. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xee\n\t" : "=a" (pkru), "=d" (edx) : "c" (ecx)); return pkru; } static inline void wrpkru(u32 pkru) { u32 ecx = 0, edx = 0; /* * "wrpkru" instruction. Loads contents in EAX to PKRU, * requires that ecx = edx = 0. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xef\n\t" : : "a" (pkru), "c"(ecx), "d"(edx)); } static inline void __write_pkru(u32 pkru) { /* * WRPKRU is relatively expensive compared to RDPKRU. * Avoid WRPKRU when it would not change the value. */ if (pkru == rdpkru()) return; wrpkru(pkru); } #else static inline u32 rdpkru(void) { return 0; } static inline void __write_pkru(u32 pkru) { } #endif static inline void native_wbinvd(void) { asm volatile("wbinvd": : :"memory"); } extern asmlinkage void asm_load_gs_index(unsigned int selector); static inline void native_load_gs_index(unsigned int selector) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); asm_load_gs_index(selector); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline unsigned long __read_cr4(void) { return native_read_cr4(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else static inline unsigned long read_cr0(void) { return native_read_cr0(); } static inline void write_cr0(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr0(x); } static __always_inline unsigned long read_cr2(void) { return native_read_cr2(); } static __always_inline void write_cr2(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr2(x); } /* * Careful! CR3 contains more than just an address. You probably want * read_cr3_pa() instead. */ static inline unsigned long __read_cr3(void) { return __native_read_cr3(); } static inline void write_cr3(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr3(x); } static inline void __write_cr4(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr4(x); } static inline void wbinvd(void) { native_wbinvd(); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void load_gs_index(unsigned int selector) { native_load_gs_index(selector); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ static inline void clflush(volatile void *__p) { asm volatile("clflush %0" : "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p)); } static inline void clflushopt(volatile void *__p) { alternative_io(".byte " __stringify(NOP_DS_PREFIX) "; clflush %P0", ".byte 0x66; clflush %P0", X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT, "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p)); } static inline void clwb(volatile void *__p) { volatile struct { char x[64]; } *p = __p; asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2( ".byte " __stringify(NOP_DS_PREFIX) "; clflush (%[pax])", ".byte 0x66; clflush (%[pax])", /* clflushopt (%%rax) */ X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT, ".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0xae, 0x30", /* clwb (%%rax) */ X86_FEATURE_CLWB) : [p] "+m" (*p) : [pax] "a" (p)); } #define nop() asm volatile ("nop") static inline void serialize(void) { /* Instruction opcode for SERIALIZE; supported in binutils >= 2.35. */ asm volatile(".byte 0xf, 0x1, 0xe8" ::: "memory"); } /* The dst parameter must be 64-bytes aligned */ static inline void movdir64b(void *dst, const void *src) { const struct { char _[64]; } *__src = src; struct { char _[64]; } *__dst = dst; /* * MOVDIR64B %(rdx), rax. * * Both __src and __dst must be memory constraints in order to tell the * compiler that no other memory accesses should be reordered around * this one. * * Also, both must be supplied as lvalues because this tells * the compiler what the object is (its size) the instruction accesses. * I.e., not the pointers but what they point to, thus the deref'ing '*'. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf8, 0x02" : "+m" (*__dst) : "m" (*__src), "a" (__dst), "d" (__src)); } /** * enqcmds - Enqueue a command in supervisor (CPL0) mode * @dst: destination, in MMIO space (must be 512-bit aligned) * @src: 512 bits memory operand * * The ENQCMDS instruction allows software to write a 512-bit command to * a 512-bit-aligned special MMIO region that supports the instruction. * A return status is loaded into the ZF flag in the RFLAGS register. * ZF = 0 equates to success, and ZF = 1 indicates retry or error. * * This function issues the ENQCMDS instruction to submit data from * kernel space to MMIO space, in a unit of 512 bits. Order of data access * is not guaranteed, nor is a memory barrier performed afterwards. It * returns 0 on success and -EAGAIN on failure. * * Warning: Do not use this helper unless your driver has checked that the * ENQCMDS instruction is supported on the platform and the device accepts * ENQCMDS. */ static inline int enqcmds(void __iomem *dst, const void *src) { const struct { char _[64]; } *__src = src; struct { char _[64]; } __iomem *__dst = dst; bool zf; /* * ENQCMDS %(rdx), rax * * See movdir64b()'s comment on operand specification. */ asm volatile(".byte 0xf3, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf8, 0x02, 0x66, 0x90" CC_SET(z) : CC_OUT(z) (zf), "+m" (*__dst) : "m" (*__src), "a" (__dst), "d" (__src)); /* Submission failure is indicated via EFLAGS.ZF=1 */ if (zf) return -EAGAIN; return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* interrupt.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_INTERRUPT_H #define _LINUX_INTERRUPT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/irqreturn.h> #include <linux/irqnr.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/ptrace.h> #include <asm/irq.h> #include <asm/sections.h> /* * These correspond to the IORESOURCE_IRQ_* defines in * linux/ioport.h to select the interrupt line behaviour. When * requesting an interrupt without specifying a IRQF_TRIGGER, the * setting should be assumed to be "as already configured", which * may be as per machine or firmware initialisation. */ #define IRQF_TRIGGER_NONE 0x00000000 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING 0x00000001 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING 0x00000002 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH 0x00000004 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW 0x00000008 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK (IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH | IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW | \ IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING | IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING) #define IRQF_TRIGGER_PROBE 0x00000010 /* * These flags used only by the kernel as part of the * irq handling routines. * * IRQF_SHARED - allow sharing the irq among several devices * IRQF_PROBE_SHARED - set by callers when they expect sharing mismatches to occur * IRQF_TIMER - Flag to mark this interrupt as timer interrupt * IRQF_PERCPU - Interrupt is per cpu * IRQF_NOBALANCING - Flag to exclude this interrupt from irq balancing * IRQF_IRQPOLL - Interrupt is used for polling (only the interrupt that is * registered first in a shared interrupt is considered for * performance reasons) * IRQF_ONESHOT - Interrupt is not reenabled after the hardirq handler finished. * Used by threaded interrupts which need to keep the * irq line disabled until the threaded handler has been run. * IRQF_NO_SUSPEND - Do not disable this IRQ during suspend. Does not guarantee * that this interrupt will wake the system from a suspended * state. See Documentation/power/suspend-and-interrupts.rst * IRQF_FORCE_RESUME - Force enable it on resume even if IRQF_NO_SUSPEND is set * IRQF_NO_THREAD - Interrupt cannot be threaded * IRQF_EARLY_RESUME - Resume IRQ early during syscore instead of at device * resume time. * IRQF_COND_SUSPEND - If the IRQ is shared with a NO_SUSPEND user, execute this * interrupt handler after suspending interrupts. For system * wakeup devices users need to implement wakeup detection in * their interrupt handlers. */ #define IRQF_SHARED 0x00000080 #define IRQF_PROBE_SHARED 0x00000100 #define __IRQF_TIMER 0x00000200 #define IRQF_PERCPU 0x00000400 #define IRQF_NOBALANCING 0x00000800 #define IRQF_IRQPOLL 0x00001000 #define IRQF_ONESHOT 0x00002000 #define IRQF_NO_SUSPEND 0x00004000 #define IRQF_FORCE_RESUME 0x00008000 #define IRQF_NO_THREAD 0x00010000 #define IRQF_EARLY_RESUME 0x00020000 #define IRQF_COND_SUSPEND 0x00040000 #define IRQF_TIMER (__IRQF_TIMER | IRQF_NO_SUSPEND | IRQF_NO_THREAD) /* * These values can be returned by request_any_context_irq() and * describe the context the interrupt will be run in. * * IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ - interrupt runs in hardirq context * IRQC_IS_NESTED - interrupt runs in a nested threaded context */ enum { IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ = 0, IRQC_IS_NESTED, }; typedef irqreturn_t (*irq_handler_t)(int, void *); /** * struct irqaction - per interrupt action descriptor * @handler: interrupt handler function * @name: name of the device * @dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @percpu_dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @next: pointer to the next irqaction for shared interrupts * @irq: interrupt number * @flags: flags (see IRQF_* above) * @thread_fn: interrupt handler function for threaded interrupts * @thread: thread pointer for threaded interrupts * @secondary: pointer to secondary irqaction (force threading) * @thread_flags: flags related to @thread * @thread_mask: bitmask for keeping track of @thread activity * @dir: pointer to the proc/irq/NN/name entry */ struct irqaction { irq_handler_t handler; void *dev_id; void __percpu *percpu_dev_id; struct irqaction *next; irq_handler_t thread_fn; struct task_struct *thread; struct irqaction *secondary; unsigned int irq; unsigned int flags; unsigned long thread_flags; unsigned long thread_mask; const char *name; struct proc_dir_entry *dir; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; extern irqreturn_t no_action(int cpl, void *dev_id); /* * If a (PCI) device interrupt is not connected we set dev->irq to * IRQ_NOTCONNECTED. This causes request_irq() to fail with -ENOTCONN, so we * can distingiush that case from other error returns. * * 0x80000000 is guaranteed to be outside the available range of interrupts * and easy to distinguish from other possible incorrect values. */ #define IRQ_NOTCONNECTED (1U << 31) extern int __must_check request_threaded_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); /** * request_irq - Add a handler for an interrupt line * @irq: The interrupt line to allocate * @handler: Function to be called when the IRQ occurs. * Primary handler for threaded interrupts * If NULL, the default primary handler is installed * @flags: Handling flags * @name: Name of the device generating this interrupt * @dev: A cookie passed to the handler function * * This call allocates an interrupt and establishes a handler; see * the documentation for request_threaded_irq() for details. */ static inline int __must_check request_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev) { return request_threaded_irq(irq, handler, NULL, flags, name, dev); } extern int __must_check request_any_context_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev_id); extern int __must_check __request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); extern int __must_check request_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); static inline int __must_check request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id) { return __request_percpu_irq(irq, handler, 0, devname, percpu_dev_id); } extern int __must_check request_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *dev); extern const void *free_irq(unsigned int, void *); extern void free_percpu_irq(unsigned int, void __percpu *); extern const void *free_nmi(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void free_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); struct device; extern int __must_check devm_request_threaded_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); static inline int __must_check devm_request_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id) { return devm_request_threaded_irq(dev, irq, handler, NULL, irqflags, devname, dev_id); } extern int __must_check devm_request_any_context_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); extern void devm_free_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); /* * On lockdep we dont want to enable hardirqs in hardirq * context. Use local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() to annotate * kernel code that has to do this nevertheless (pretty much * the only valid case is for old/broken hardware that is * insanely slow). * * NOTE: in theory this might break fragile code that relies * on hardirq delivery - in practice we dont seem to have such * places left. So the only effect should be slightly increased * irqs-off latencies. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() do { } while (0) #else # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() local_irq_enable() #endif extern void disable_irq_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern bool disable_hardirq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern bool irq_percpu_is_enabled(unsigned int irq); extern void irq_wake_thread(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void disable_nmi_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern int prepare_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void teardown_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_inject_interrupt(unsigned int irq); /* The following three functions are for the core kernel use only. */ extern void suspend_device_irqs(void); extern void resume_device_irqs(void); extern void rearm_wake_irq(unsigned int irq); /** * struct irq_affinity_notify - context for notification of IRQ affinity changes * @irq: Interrupt to which notification applies * @kref: Reference count, for internal use * @work: Work item, for internal use * @notify: Function to be called on change. This will be * called in process context. * @release: Function to be called on release. This will be * called in process context. Once registered, the * structure must only be freed when this function is * called or later. */ struct irq_affinity_notify { unsigned int irq; struct kref kref; struct work_struct work; void (*notify)(struct irq_affinity_notify *, const cpumask_t *mask); void (*release)(struct kref *ref); }; #define IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS 4 /** * struct irq_affinity - Description for automatic irq affinity assignements * @pre_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @pre_vectors at beginning of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @post_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @post_vectors at end of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @nr_sets: The number of interrupt sets for which affinity * spreading is required * @set_size: Array holding the size of each interrupt set * @calc_sets: Callback for calculating the number and size * of interrupt sets * @priv: Private data for usage by @calc_sets, usually a * pointer to driver/device specific data. */ struct irq_affinity { unsigned int pre_vectors; unsigned int post_vectors; unsigned int nr_sets; unsigned int set_size[IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS]; void (*calc_sets)(struct irq_affinity *, unsigned int nvecs); void *priv; }; /** * struct irq_affinity_desc - Interrupt affinity descriptor * @mask: cpumask to hold the affinity assignment * @is_managed: 1 if the interrupt is managed internally */ struct irq_affinity_desc { struct cpumask mask; unsigned int is_managed : 1; }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) extern cpumask_var_t irq_default_affinity; /* Internal implementation. Use the helpers below */ extern int __irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask, bool force); /** * irq_set_affinity - Set the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Fails if cpumask does not contain an online CPU */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, false); } /** * irq_force_affinity - Force the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Same as irq_set_affinity, but without checking the mask against * online cpus. * * Solely for low level cpu hotplug code, where we need to make per * cpu interrupts affine before the cpu becomes online. */ static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, true); } extern int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m); extern int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify); struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd); unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return 0; } static inline int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify) { return 0; } static inline struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd) { return NULL; } static inline unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd) { return maxvec; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * Special lockdep variants of irq disabling/enabling. * These should be used for locking constructs that * know that a particular irq context which is disabled, * and which is the only irq-context user of a lock, * that it's safe to take the lock in the irq-disabled * section without disabling hardirqs. * * On !CONFIG_LOCKDEP they are equivalent to the normal * irq disable/enable methods. */ static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep_irqsave(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_save(*flags); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_enable(); #endif enable_irq(irq); } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep_irqrestore(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_restore(*flags); #endif enable_irq(irq); } /* IRQ wakeup (PM) control: */ extern int irq_set_irq_wake(unsigned int irq, unsigned int on); static inline int enable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 1); } static inline int disable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 0); } /* * irq_get_irqchip_state/irq_set_irqchip_state specific flags */ enum irqchip_irq_state { IRQCHIP_STATE_PENDING, /* Is interrupt pending? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE, /* Is interrupt in progress? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_MASKED, /* Is interrupt masked? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_LINE_LEVEL, /* Is IRQ line high? */ }; extern int irq_get_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool *state); extern int irq_set_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool state); #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_FORCED_THREADING # ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT # define force_irqthreads (true) # else extern bool force_irqthreads; # endif #else #define force_irqthreads (0) #endif #ifndef local_softirq_pending #ifndef local_softirq_pending_ref #define local_softirq_pending_ref irq_stat.__softirq_pending #endif #define local_softirq_pending() (__this_cpu_read(local_softirq_pending_ref)) #define set_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_write(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #define or_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_or(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #endif /* local_softirq_pending */ /* Some architectures might implement lazy enabling/disabling of * interrupts. In some cases, such as stop_machine, we might want * to ensure that after a local_irq_disable(), interrupts have * really been disabled in hardware. Such architectures need to * implement the following hook. */ #ifndef hard_irq_disable #define hard_irq_disable() do { } while(0) #endif /* PLEASE, avoid to allocate new softirqs, if you need not _really_ high frequency threaded job scheduling. For almost all the purposes tasklets are more than enough. F.e. all serial device BHs et al. should be converted to tasklets, not to softirqs. */ enum { HI_SOFTIRQ=0, TIMER_SOFTIRQ, NET_TX_SOFTIRQ, NET_RX_SOFTIRQ, BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, IRQ_POLL_SOFTIRQ, TASKLET_SOFTIRQ, SCHED_SOFTIRQ, HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ, RCU_SOFTIRQ, /* Preferable RCU should always be the last softirq */ NR_SOFTIRQS }; #define SOFTIRQ_STOP_IDLE_MASK (~(1 << RCU_SOFTIRQ)) /* map softirq index to softirq name. update 'softirq_to_name' in * kernel/softirq.c when adding a new softirq. */ extern const char * const softirq_to_name[NR_SOFTIRQS]; /* softirq mask and active fields moved to irq_cpustat_t in * asm/hardirq.h to get better cache usage. KAO */ struct softirq_action { void (*action)(struct softirq_action *); }; asmlinkage void do_softirq(void); asmlinkage void __do_softirq(void); #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_DO_SOFTIRQ void do_softirq_own_stack(void); #else static inline void do_softirq_own_stack(void) { __do_softirq(); } #endif extern void open_softirq(int nr, void (*action)(struct softirq_action *)); extern void softirq_init(void); extern void __raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq(unsigned int nr); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, ksoftirqd); static inline struct task_struct *this_cpu_ksoftirqd(void) { return this_cpu_read(ksoftirqd); } /* Tasklets --- multithreaded analogue of BHs. This API is deprecated. Please consider using threaded IRQs instead: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200716081538.2sivhkj4hcyrusem@linutronix.de Main feature differing them of generic softirqs: tasklet is running only on one CPU simultaneously. Main feature differing them of BHs: different tasklets may be run simultaneously on different CPUs. Properties: * If tasklet_schedule() is called, then tasklet is guaranteed to be executed on some cpu at least once after this. * If the tasklet is already scheduled, but its execution is still not started, it will be executed only once. * If this tasklet is already running on another CPU (or schedule is called from tasklet itself), it is rescheduled for later. * Tasklet is strictly serialized wrt itself, but not wrt another tasklets. If client needs some intertask synchronization, he makes it with spinlocks. */ struct tasklet_struct { struct tasklet_struct *next; unsigned long state; atomic_t count; bool use_callback; union { void (*func)(unsigned long data); void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *t); }; unsigned long data; }; #define DECLARE_TASKLET(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define from_tasklet(var, callback_tasklet, tasklet_fieldname) \ container_of(callback_tasklet, typeof(*var), tasklet_fieldname) #define DECLARE_TASKLET_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .func = _func, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .func = _func, \ } enum { TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, /* Tasklet is scheduled for execution */ TASKLET_STATE_RUN /* Tasklet is running (SMP only) */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline int tasklet_trylock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { return !test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock_wait(struct tasklet_struct *t) { while (test_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state)) { barrier(); } } #else #define tasklet_trylock(t) 1 #define tasklet_unlock_wait(t) do { } while (0) #define tasklet_unlock(t) do { } while (0) #endif extern void __tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_schedule(t); } extern void __tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_hi_schedule(t); } static inline void tasklet_disable_nosync(struct tasklet_struct *t) { atomic_inc(&t->count); smp_mb__after_atomic(); } static inline void tasklet_disable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { tasklet_disable_nosync(t); tasklet_unlock_wait(t); smp_mb(); } static inline void tasklet_enable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&t->count); } extern void tasklet_kill(struct tasklet_struct *t); extern void tasklet_kill_immediate(struct tasklet_struct *t, unsigned int cpu); extern void tasklet_init(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*func)(unsigned long), unsigned long data); extern void tasklet_setup(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *)); /* * Autoprobing for irqs: * * probe_irq_on() and probe_irq_off() provide robust primitives * for accurate IRQ probing during kernel initialization. They are * reasonably simple to use, are not "fooled" by spurious interrupts, * and, unlike other attempts at IRQ probing, they do not get hung on * stuck interrupts (such as unused PS2 mouse interfaces on ASUS boards). * * For reasonably foolproof probing, use them as follows: * * 1. clear and/or mask the device's internal interrupt. * 2. sti(); * 3. irqs = probe_irq_on(); // "take over" all unassigned idle IRQs * 4. enable the device and cause it to trigger an interrupt. * 5. wait for the device to interrupt, using non-intrusive polling or a delay. * 6. irq = probe_irq_off(irqs); // get IRQ number, 0=none, negative=multiple * 7. service the device to clear its pending interrupt. * 8. loop again if paranoia is required. * * probe_irq_on() returns a mask of allocated irq's. * * probe_irq_off() takes the mask as a parameter, * and returns the irq number which occurred, * or zero if none occurred, or a negative irq number * if more than one irq occurred. */ #if !defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_IRQ_PROBE) static inline unsigned long probe_irq_on(void) { return 0; } static inline int probe_irq_off(unsigned long val) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long val) { return 0; } #else extern unsigned long probe_irq_on(void); /* returns 0 on failure */ extern int probe_irq_off(unsigned long); /* returns 0 or negative on failure */ extern unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long); /* returns mask of ISA interrupts */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS /* Initialize /proc/irq/ */ extern void init_irq_proc(void); #else static inline void init_irq_proc(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIMINGS void irq_timings_enable(void); void irq_timings_disable(void); u64 irq_timings_next_event(u64 now); #endif struct seq_file; int show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, void *v); int arch_show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, int prec); extern int early_irq_init(void); extern int arch_probe_nr_irqs(void); extern int arch_early_irq_init(void); /* * We want to know which function is an entrypoint of a hardirq or a softirq. */ #ifndef __irq_entry # define __irq_entry __section(".irqentry.text") #endif #define __softirq_entry __section(".softirqentry.text") #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* thread_info.h: common low-level thread information accessors * * Copyright (C) 2002 David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * - Incorporating suggestions made by Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #define _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/restart_block.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels we need <asm/current.h> for the * definition of current, but for !CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels, * including <asm/current.h> can cause a circular dependency on some platforms. */ #include <asm/current.h> #define current_thread_info() ((struct thread_info *)current) #endif #include <linux/bitops.h> /* * For per-arch arch_within_stack_frames() implementations, defined in * asm/thread_info.h. */ enum { BAD_STACK = -1, NOT_STACK = 0, GOOD_FRAME, GOOD_STACK, }; #include <asm/thread_info.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifndef arch_set_restart_data #define arch_set_restart_data(restart) do { } while (0) #endif static inline long set_restart_fn(struct restart_block *restart, long (*fn)(struct restart_block *)) { restart->fn = fn; arch_set_restart_data(restart); return -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK; } #ifndef THREAD_ALIGN #define THREAD_ALIGN THREAD_SIZE #endif #define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_ZERO) /* * flag set/clear/test wrappers * - pass TIF_xxxx constants to these functions */ static inline void set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void update_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag, bool value) { if (value) set_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); else clear_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); } static inline int test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } #define set_thread_flag(flag) \ set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define clear_thread_flag(flag) \ clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define update_thread_flag(flag, value) \ update_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag, value) #define test_and_set_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_and_clear_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_thread_flag(flag) \ test_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define tif_need_resched() test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_WITHIN_STACK_FRAMES static inline int arch_within_stack_frames(const void * const stack, const void * const stackend, const void *obj, unsigned long len) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY extern void __check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user); static __always_inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(n)) __check_object_size(ptr, n, to_user); } #else static inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { } #endif /* CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY */ extern void __compiletime_error("copy source size is too small") __bad_copy_from(void); extern void __compiletime_error("copy destination size is too small") __bad_copy_to(void); static inline void copy_overflow(int size, unsigned long count) { WARN(1, "Buffer overflow detected (%d < %lu)!\n", size, count); } static __always_inline __must_check bool check_copy_size(const void *addr, size_t bytes, bool is_source) { int sz = __compiletime_object_size(addr); if (unlikely(sz >= 0 && sz < bytes)) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(bytes)) copy_overflow(sz, bytes); else if (is_source) __bad_copy_from(); else __bad_copy_to(); return false; } if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bytes > INT_MAX)) return false; check_object_size(addr, bytes, is_source); return true; } #ifndef arch_setup_new_exec static inline void arch_setup_new_exec(void) { } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* md.h : kernel internal structure of the Linux MD driver Copyright (C) 1996-98 Ingo Molnar, Gadi Oxman */ #ifndef _MD_MD_H #define _MD_MD_H #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/badblocks.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "md-cluster.h" #define MaxSector (~(sector_t)0) /* * These flags should really be called "NO_RETRY" rather than * "FAILFAST" because they don't make any promise about time lapse, * only about the number of retries, which will be zero. * REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER is not included because * Commit: 4a27446f3e39 ("[SCSI] modify scsi to handle new fail fast flags.") * seems to suggest that the errors it avoids retrying should usually * be retried. */ #define MD_FAILFAST (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV | REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT) /* * The struct embedded in rdev is used to serialize IO. */ struct serial_in_rdev { struct rb_root_cached serial_rb; spinlock_t serial_lock; wait_queue_head_t serial_io_wait; }; /* * MD's 'extended' device */ struct md_rdev { struct list_head same_set; /* RAID devices within the same set */ sector_t sectors; /* Device size (in 512bytes sectors) */ struct mddev *mddev; /* RAID array if running */ int last_events; /* IO event timestamp */ /* * If meta_bdev is non-NULL, it means that a separate device is * being used to store the metadata (superblock/bitmap) which * would otherwise be contained on the same device as the data (bdev). */ struct block_device *meta_bdev; struct block_device *bdev; /* block device handle */ struct page *sb_page, *bb_page; int sb_loaded; __u64 sb_events; sector_t data_offset; /* start of data in array */ sector_t new_data_offset;/* only relevant while reshaping */ sector_t sb_start; /* offset of the super block (in 512byte sectors) */ int sb_size; /* bytes in the superblock */ int preferred_minor; /* autorun support */ struct kobject kobj; /* A device can be in one of three states based on two flags: * Not working: faulty==1 in_sync==0 * Fully working: faulty==0 in_sync==1 * Working, but not * in sync with array * faulty==0 in_sync==0 * * It can never have faulty==1, in_sync==1 * This reduces the burden of testing multiple flags in many cases */ unsigned long flags; /* bit set of 'enum flag_bits' bits. */ wait_queue_head_t blocked_wait; int desc_nr; /* descriptor index in the superblock */ int raid_disk; /* role of device in array */ int new_raid_disk; /* role that the device will have in * the array after a level-change completes. */ int saved_raid_disk; /* role that device used to have in the * array and could again if we did a partial * resync from the bitmap */ union { sector_t recovery_offset;/* If this device has been partially * recovered, this is where we were * up to. */ sector_t journal_tail; /* If this device is a journal device, * this is the journal tail (journal * recovery start point) */ }; atomic_t nr_pending; /* number of pending requests. * only maintained for arrays that * support hot removal */ atomic_t read_errors; /* number of consecutive read errors that * we have tried to ignore. */ time64_t last_read_error; /* monotonic time since our * last read error */ atomic_t corrected_errors; /* number of corrected read errors, * for reporting to userspace and storing * in superblock. */ struct serial_in_rdev *serial; /* used for raid1 io serialization */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'state' * sysfs entry */ /* handle for 'unacknowledged_bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_unack_badblocks; /* handle for 'bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_badblocks; struct badblocks badblocks; struct { short offset; /* Offset from superblock to start of PPL. * Not used by external metadata. */ unsigned int size; /* Size in sectors of the PPL space */ sector_t sector; /* First sector of the PPL space */ } ppl; }; enum flag_bits { Faulty, /* device is known to have a fault */ In_sync, /* device is in_sync with rest of array */ Bitmap_sync, /* ..actually, not quite In_sync. Need a * bitmap-based recovery to get fully in sync. * The bit is only meaningful before device * has been passed to pers->hot_add_disk. */ WriteMostly, /* Avoid reading if at all possible */ AutoDetected, /* added by auto-detect */ Blocked, /* An error occurred but has not yet * been acknowledged by the metadata * handler, so don't allow writes * until it is cleared */ WriteErrorSeen, /* A write error has been seen on this * device */ FaultRecorded, /* Intermediate state for clearing * Blocked. The Fault is/will-be * recorded in the metadata, but that * metadata hasn't been stored safely * on disk yet. */ BlockedBadBlocks, /* A writer is blocked because they * found an unacknowledged bad-block. * This can safely be cleared at any * time, and the writer will re-check. * It may be set at any time, and at * worst the writer will timeout and * re-check. So setting it as * accurately as possible is good, but * not absolutely critical. */ WantReplacement, /* This device is a candidate to be * hot-replaced, either because it has * reported some faults, or because * of explicit request. */ Replacement, /* This device is a replacement for * a want_replacement device with same * raid_disk number. */ Candidate, /* For clustered environments only: * This device is seen locally but not * by the whole cluster */ Journal, /* This device is used as journal for * raid-5/6. * Usually, this device should be faster * than other devices in the array */ ClusterRemove, RemoveSynchronized, /* synchronize_rcu() was called after * this device was known to be faulty, * so it is safe to remove without * another synchronize_rcu() call. */ ExternalBbl, /* External metadata provides bad * block management for a disk */ FailFast, /* Minimal retries should be attempted on * this device, so use REQ_FAILFAST_DEV. * Also don't try to repair failed reads. * It is expects that no bad block log * is present. */ LastDev, /* Seems to be the last working dev as * it didn't fail, so don't use FailFast * any more for metadata */ CollisionCheck, /* * check if there is collision between raid1 * serial bios. */ }; static inline int is_badblock(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, sector_t *first_bad, int *bad_sectors) { if (unlikely(rdev->badblocks.count)) { int rv = badblocks_check(&rdev->badblocks, rdev->data_offset + s, sectors, first_bad, bad_sectors); if (rv) *first_bad -= rdev->data_offset; return rv; } return 0; } extern int rdev_set_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); extern int rdev_clear_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); struct md_cluster_info; /* change UNSUPPORTED_MDDEV_FLAGS for each array type if new flag is added */ enum mddev_flags { MD_ARRAY_FIRST_USE, /* First use of array, needs initialization */ MD_CLOSING, /* If set, we are closing the array, do not open * it then */ MD_JOURNAL_CLEAN, /* A raid with journal is already clean */ MD_HAS_JOURNAL, /* The raid array has journal feature set */ MD_CLUSTER_RESYNC_LOCKED, /* cluster raid only, which means node * already took resync lock, need to * release the lock */ MD_FAILFAST_SUPPORTED, /* Using MD_FAILFAST on metadata writes is * supported as calls to md_error() will * never cause the array to become failed. */ MD_HAS_PPL, /* The raid array has PPL feature set */ MD_HAS_MULTIPLE_PPLS, /* The raid array has multiple PPLs feature set */ MD_ALLOW_SB_UPDATE, /* md_check_recovery is allowed to update * the metadata without taking reconfig_mutex. */ MD_UPDATING_SB, /* md_check_recovery is updating the metadata * without explicitly holding reconfig_mutex. */ MD_NOT_READY, /* do_md_run() is active, so 'array_state' * must not report that array is ready yet */ MD_BROKEN, /* This is used in RAID-0/LINEAR only, to stop * I/O in case an array member is gone/failed. */ }; enum mddev_sb_flags { MD_SB_CHANGE_DEVS, /* Some device status has changed */ MD_SB_CHANGE_CLEAN, /* transition to or from 'clean' */ MD_SB_CHANGE_PENDING, /* switch from 'clean' to 'active' in progress */ MD_SB_NEED_REWRITE, /* metadata write needs to be repeated */ }; #define NR_SERIAL_INFOS 8 /* record current range of serialize IOs */ struct serial_info { struct rb_node node; sector_t start; /* start sector of rb node */ sector_t last; /* end sector of rb node */ sector_t _subtree_last; /* highest sector in subtree of rb node */ }; struct mddev { void *private; struct md_personality *pers; dev_t unit; int md_minor; struct list_head disks; unsigned long flags; unsigned long sb_flags; int suspended; atomic_t active_io; int ro; int sysfs_active; /* set when sysfs deletes * are happening, so run/ * takeover/stop are not safe */ struct gendisk *gendisk; struct kobject kobj; int hold_active; #define UNTIL_IOCTL 1 #define UNTIL_STOP 2 /* Superblock information */ int major_version, minor_version, patch_version; int persistent; int external; /* metadata is * managed externally */ char metadata_type[17]; /* externally set*/ int chunk_sectors; time64_t ctime, utime; int level, layout; char clevel[16]; int raid_disks; int max_disks; sector_t dev_sectors; /* used size of * component devices */ sector_t array_sectors; /* exported array size */ int external_size; /* size managed * externally */ __u64 events; /* If the last 'event' was simply a clean->dirty transition, and * we didn't write it to the spares, then it is safe and simple * to just decrement the event count on a dirty->clean transition. * So we record that possibility here. */ int can_decrease_events; char uuid[16]; /* If the array is being reshaped, we need to record the * new shape and an indication of where we are up to. * This is written to the superblock. * If reshape_position is MaxSector, then no reshape is happening (yet). */ sector_t reshape_position; int delta_disks, new_level, new_layout; int new_chunk_sectors; int reshape_backwards; struct md_thread *thread; /* management thread */ struct md_thread *sync_thread; /* doing resync or reconstruct */ /* 'last_sync_action' is initialized to "none". It is set when a * sync operation (i.e "data-check", "requested-resync", "resync", * "recovery", or "reshape") is started. It holds this value even * when the sync thread is "frozen" (interrupted) or "idle" (stopped * or finished). It is overwritten when a new sync operation is begun. */ char *last_sync_action; sector_t curr_resync; /* last block scheduled */ /* As resync requests can complete out of order, we cannot easily track * how much resync has been completed. So we occasionally pause until * everything completes, then set curr_resync_completed to curr_resync. * As such it may be well behind the real resync mark, but it is a value * we are certain of. */ sector_t curr_resync_completed; unsigned long resync_mark; /* a recent timestamp */ sector_t resync_mark_cnt;/* blocks written at resync_mark */ sector_t curr_mark_cnt; /* blocks scheduled now */ sector_t resync_max_sectors; /* may be set by personality */ atomic64_t resync_mismatches; /* count of sectors where * parity/replica mismatch found */ /* allow user-space to request suspension of IO to regions of the array */ sector_t suspend_lo; sector_t suspend_hi; /* if zero, use the system-wide default */ int sync_speed_min; int sync_speed_max; /* resync even though the same disks are shared among md-devices */ int parallel_resync; int ok_start_degraded; unsigned long recovery; /* If a RAID personality determines that recovery (of a particular * device) will fail due to a read error on the source device, it * takes a copy of this number and does not attempt recovery again * until this number changes. */ int recovery_disabled; int in_sync; /* know to not need resync */ /* 'open_mutex' avoids races between 'md_open' and 'do_md_stop', so * that we are never stopping an array while it is open. * 'reconfig_mutex' protects all other reconfiguration. * These locks are separate due to conflicting interactions * with bdev->bd_mutex. * Lock ordering is: * reconfig_mutex -> bd_mutex * bd_mutex -> open_mutex: e.g. __blkdev_get -> md_open */ struct mutex open_mutex; struct mutex reconfig_mutex; atomic_t active; /* general refcount */ atomic_t openers; /* number of active opens */ int changed; /* True if we might need to * reread partition info */ int degraded; /* whether md should consider * adding a spare */ atomic_t recovery_active; /* blocks scheduled, but not written */ wait_queue_head_t recovery_wait; sector_t recovery_cp; sector_t resync_min; /* user requested sync * starts here */ sector_t resync_max; /* resync should pause * when it gets here */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'array_state' * file in sysfs. */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_action; /* handle for 'sync_action' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_completed; /*handle for 'sync_completed' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_degraded; /*handle for 'degraded' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_level; /*handle for 'level' */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ /* "lock" protects: * flush_bio transition from NULL to !NULL * rdev superblocks, events * clearing MD_CHANGE_* * in_sync - and related safemode and MD_CHANGE changes * pers (also protected by reconfig_mutex and pending IO). * clearing ->bitmap * clearing ->bitmap_info.file * changing ->resync_{min,max} * setting MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING (which interacts with resync_{min,max}) */ spinlock_t lock; wait_queue_head_t sb_wait; /* for waiting on superblock updates */ atomic_t pending_writes; /* number of active superblock writes */ unsigned int safemode; /* if set, update "clean" superblock * when no writes pending. */ unsigned int safemode_delay; struct timer_list safemode_timer; struct percpu_ref writes_pending; int sync_checkers; /* # of threads checking writes_pending */ struct request_queue *queue; /* for plugging ... */ struct bitmap *bitmap; /* the bitmap for the device */ struct { struct file *file; /* the bitmap file */ loff_t offset; /* offset from superblock of * start of bitmap. May be * negative, but not '0' * For external metadata, offset * from start of device. */ unsigned long space; /* space available at this offset */ loff_t default_offset; /* this is the offset to use when * hot-adding a bitmap. It should * eventually be settable by sysfs. */ unsigned long default_space; /* space available at * default offset */ struct mutex mutex; unsigned long chunksize; unsigned long daemon_sleep; /* how many jiffies between updates? */ unsigned long max_write_behind; /* write-behind mode */ int external; int nodes; /* Maximum number of nodes in the cluster */ char cluster_name[64]; /* Name of the cluster */ } bitmap_info; atomic_t max_corr_read_errors; /* max read retries */ struct list_head all_mddevs; struct attribute_group *to_remove; struct bio_set bio_set; struct bio_set sync_set; /* for sync operations like * metadata and bitmap writes */ mempool_t md_io_pool; /* Generic flush handling. * The last to finish preflush schedules a worker to submit * the rest of the request (without the REQ_PREFLUSH flag). */ struct bio *flush_bio; atomic_t flush_pending; ktime_t start_flush, last_flush; /* last_flush is when the last completed * flush was started. */ struct work_struct flush_work; struct work_struct event_work; /* used by dm to report failure event */ mempool_t *serial_info_pool; void (*sync_super)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); struct md_cluster_info *cluster_info; unsigned int good_device_nr; /* good device num within cluster raid */ unsigned int noio_flag; /* for memalloc scope API */ bool has_superblocks:1; bool fail_last_dev:1; bool serialize_policy:1; }; enum recovery_flags { /* * If neither SYNC or RESHAPE are set, then it is a recovery. */ MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, /* a thread is running, or about to be started */ MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, /* actually doing a resync, not a recovery */ MD_RECOVERY_RECOVER, /* doing recovery, or need to try it. */ MD_RECOVERY_INTR, /* resync needs to be aborted for some reason */ MD_RECOVERY_DONE, /* thread is done and is waiting to be reaped */ MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, /* we might need to start a resync/recover */ MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, /* user-space has requested a sync (used with SYNC) */ MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, /* user-space request for check-only, no repair */ MD_RECOVERY_RESHAPE, /* A reshape is happening */ MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, /* User request to abort, and not restart, any action */ MD_RECOVERY_ERROR, /* sync-action interrupted because io-error */ MD_RECOVERY_WAIT, /* waiting for pers->start() to finish */ MD_RESYNCING_REMOTE, /* remote node is running resync thread */ }; static inline int __must_check mddev_lock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_lock_interruptible(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } /* Sometimes we need to take the lock in a situation where * failure due to interrupts is not acceptable. */ static inline void mddev_lock_nointr(struct mddev *mddev) { mutex_lock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } static inline int mddev_trylock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_trylock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } extern void mddev_unlock(struct mddev *mddev); static inline void md_sync_acct(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bdev->bd_disk->sync_io); } static inline void md_sync_acct_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bio->bi_disk->sync_io); } struct md_personality { char *name; int level; struct list_head list; struct module *owner; bool __must_check (*make_request)(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); /* * start up works that do NOT require md_thread. tasks that * requires md_thread should go into start() */ int (*run)(struct mddev *mddev); /* start up works that require md threads */ int (*start)(struct mddev *mddev); void (*free)(struct mddev *mddev, void *priv); void (*status)(struct seq_file *seq, struct mddev *mddev); /* error_handler must set ->faulty and clear ->in_sync * if appropriate, and should abort recovery if needed */ void (*error_handler)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_add_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_remove_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*spare_active) (struct mddev *mddev); sector_t (*sync_request)(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sector_nr, int *skipped); int (*resize) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors); sector_t (*size) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors, int raid_disks); int (*check_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); int (*start_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*finish_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*update_reshape_pos) (struct mddev *mddev); /* quiesce suspends or resumes internal processing. * 1 - stop new actions and wait for action io to complete * 0 - return to normal behaviour */ void (*quiesce) (struct mddev *mddev, int quiesce); /* takeover is used to transition an array from one * personality to another. The new personality must be able * to handle the data in the current layout. * e.g. 2drive raid1 -> 2drive raid5 * ndrive raid5 -> degraded n+1drive raid6 with special layout * If the takeover succeeds, a new 'private' structure is returned. * This needs to be installed and then ->run used to activate the * array. */ void *(*takeover) (struct mddev *mddev); /* Changes the consistency policy of an active array. */ int (*change_consistency_policy)(struct mddev *mddev, const char *buf); }; struct md_sysfs_entry { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct mddev *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct mddev *, const char *, size_t); }; extern struct attribute_group md_bitmap_group; static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd, char *name) { if (sd) return sysfs_get_dirent(sd, name); return sd; } static inline void sysfs_notify_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd) { if (sd) sysfs_notify_dirent(sd); } static inline char * mdname (struct mddev * mddev) { return mddev->gendisk ? mddev->gendisk->disk_name : "mdX"; } static inline int sysfs_link_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); return sysfs_create_link(&mddev->kobj, &rdev->kobj, nm); } else return 0; } static inline void sysfs_unlink_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); sysfs_remove_link(&mddev->kobj, nm); } } /* * iterates through some rdev ringlist. It's safe to remove the * current 'rdev'. Dont touch 'tmp' though. */ #define rdev_for_each_list(rdev, tmp, head) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, head, same_set) /* * iterates through the 'same array disks' ringlist */ #define rdev_for_each(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_safe(rdev, tmp, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_rcu(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) struct md_thread { void (*run) (struct md_thread *thread); struct mddev *mddev; wait_queue_head_t wqueue; unsigned long flags; struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long timeout; void *private; }; #define THREAD_WAKEUP 0 static inline void safe_put_page(struct page *p) { if (p) put_page(p); } extern int register_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int unregister_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int register_md_cluster_operations(struct md_cluster_operations *ops, struct module *module); extern int unregister_md_cluster_operations(void); extern int md_setup_cluster(struct mddev *mddev, int nodes); extern void md_cluster_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct md_thread *md_register_thread( void (*run)(struct md_thread *thread), struct mddev *mddev, const char *name); extern void md_unregister_thread(struct md_thread **threadp); extern void md_wakeup_thread(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_check_recovery(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reap_sync_thread(struct mddev *mddev); extern int mddev_init_writes_pending(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool md_write_start(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_inc(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_end(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_done_sync(struct mddev *mddev, int blocks, int ok); extern void md_error(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_finish_reshape(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool __must_check md_flush_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void md_super_write(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page); extern int md_super_wait(struct mddev *mddev); extern int sync_page_io(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page, int op, int op_flags, bool metadata_op); extern void md_do_sync(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_new_event(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_allow_write(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_wait_for_blocked_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_set_array_sectors(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t array_sectors); extern int md_check_no_bitmap(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_register(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_add_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern int strict_strtoul_scaled(const char *cp, unsigned long *res, int scale); extern void mddev_init(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_start(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop_writes(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_rdev_init(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_rdev_clear(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_handle_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void mddev_suspend(struct mddev *mddev); extern void mddev_resume(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_mddev(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nr_iovecs, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reload_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int raid_disk); extern void md_update_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int force); extern void md_kick_rdev_from_array(struct md_rdev * rdev); extern void mddev_create_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); extern void mddev_destroy_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_nr_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, int nr); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, dev_t dev); static inline bool is_mddev_broken(struct md_rdev *rdev, const char *md_type) { int flags = rdev->bdev->bd_disk->flags; if (!(flags & GENHD_FL_UP)) { if (!test_and_set_bit(MD_BROKEN, &rdev->mddev->flags)) pr_warn("md: %s: %s array has a missing/failed member\n", mdname(rdev->mddev), md_type); return true; } return false; } static inline void rdev_dec_pending(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev) { int faulty = test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rdev->nr_pending) && faulty) { set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery); md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread); } } extern struct md_cluster_operations *md_cluster_ops; static inline int mddev_is_clustered(struct mddev *mddev) { return mddev->cluster_info && mddev->bitmap_info.nodes > 1; } /* clear unsupported mddev_flags */ static inline void mddev_clear_unsupported_flags(struct mddev *mddev, unsigned long unsupported_flags) { mddev->flags &= ~unsupported_flags; } static inline void mddev_check_writesame(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors = 0; } static inline void mddev_check_write_zeroes(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors = 0; } struct mdu_array_info_s; struct mdu_disk_info_s; extern int mdp_major; void md_autostart_arrays(int part); int md_set_array_info(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_array_info_s *info); int md_add_new_disk(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_disk_info_s *info); int do_md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern const struct block_device_operations md_fops; #endif /* _MD_MD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Fast and scalable bitmaps. * * Copyright (C) 2016 Facebook * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe */ #ifndef __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #define __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> struct seq_file; /** * struct sbitmap_word - Word in a &struct sbitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word { /** * @depth: Number of bits being used in @word/@cleared */ unsigned long depth; /** * @word: word holding free bits */ unsigned long word ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @cleared: word holding cleared bits */ unsigned long cleared ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @swap_lock: Held while swapping word <-> cleared */ spinlock_t swap_lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap - Scalable bitmap. * * A &struct sbitmap is spread over multiple cachelines to avoid ping-pong. This * trades off higher memory usage for better scalability. */ struct sbitmap { /** * @depth: Number of bits used in the whole bitmap. */ unsigned int depth; /** * @shift: log2(number of bits used per word) */ unsigned int shift; /** * @map_nr: Number of words (cachelines) being used for the bitmap. */ unsigned int map_nr; /** * @map: Allocated bitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word *map; }; #define SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES 8 #define SBQ_WAKE_BATCH 8 /** * struct sbq_wait_state - Wait queue in a &struct sbitmap_queue. */ struct sbq_wait_state { /** * @wait_cnt: Number of frees remaining before we wake up. */ atomic_t wait_cnt; /** * @wait: Wait queue. */ wait_queue_head_t wait; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap_queue - Scalable bitmap with the added ability to wait on free * bits. * * A &struct sbitmap_queue uses multiple wait queues and rolling wakeups to * avoid contention on the wait queue spinlock. This ensures that we don't hit a * scalability wall when we run out of free bits and have to start putting tasks * to sleep. */ struct sbitmap_queue { /** * @sb: Scalable bitmap. */ struct sbitmap sb; /* * @alloc_hint: Cache of last successfully allocated or freed bit. * * This is per-cpu, which allows multiple users to stick to different * cachelines until the map is exhausted. */ unsigned int __percpu *alloc_hint; /** * @wake_batch: Number of bits which must be freed before we wake up any * waiters. */ unsigned int wake_batch; /** * @wake_index: Next wait queue in @ws to wake up. */ atomic_t wake_index; /** * @ws: Wait queues. */ struct sbq_wait_state *ws; /* * @ws_active: count of currently active ws waitqueues */ atomic_t ws_active; /** * @round_robin: Allocate bits in strict round-robin order. */ bool round_robin; /** * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth which may be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). */ unsigned int min_shallow_depth; }; /** * sbitmap_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap on a specific memory node. * @sb: Bitmap to initialize. * @depth: Number of bits to allocate. * @shift: Use 2^@shift bits per word in the bitmap; if a negative number if * given, a good default is chosen. * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_init_node(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth, int shift, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_free(struct sbitmap *sb) { kfree(sb->map); sb->map = NULL; } /** * sbitmap_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Doesn't reallocate anything. It's up to the caller to ensure that the new * depth doesn't exceed the depth that the sb was initialized with. */ void sbitmap_resize(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth); /** * sbitmap_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @round_robin: If true, be stricter about allocation order; always allocate * starting from the last allocated bit. This is less efficient * than the default behavior (false). * * This operation provides acquire barrier semantics if it succeeds. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin); /** * sbitmap_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap, * limiting the depth used from each word. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * * This rather specific operation allows for having multiple users with * different allocation limits. E.g., there can be a high-priority class that * uses sbitmap_get() and a low-priority class that uses sbitmap_get_shallow() * with a @shallow_depth of (1 << (@sb->shift - 1)). Then, the low-priority * class can only allocate half of the total bits in the bitmap, preventing it * from starving out the high-priority class. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get_shallow(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, unsigned long shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_any_bit_set() - Check for a set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to check. * * Return: true if any bit in the bitmap is set, false otherwise. */ bool sbitmap_any_bit_set(const struct sbitmap *sb); #define SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) >> (sb)->shift) #define SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) & ((1U << (sb)->shift) - 1U)) typedef bool (*sb_for_each_fn)(struct sbitmap *, unsigned int, void *); /** * __sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @start: Where to start the iteration. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. * * This is inline even though it's non-trivial so that the function calls to the * callback will hopefully get optimized away. */ static inline void __sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int start, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { unsigned int index; unsigned int nr; unsigned int scanned = 0; if (start >= sb->depth) start = 0; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, start); nr = SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, start); while (scanned < sb->depth) { unsigned long word; unsigned int depth = min_t(unsigned int, sb->map[index].depth - nr, sb->depth - scanned); scanned += depth; word = sb->map[index].word & ~sb->map[index].cleared; if (!word) goto next; /* * On the first iteration of the outer loop, we need to add the * bit offset back to the size of the word for find_next_bit(). * On all other iterations, nr is zero, so this is a noop. */ depth += nr; while (1) { nr = find_next_bit(&word, depth, nr); if (nr >= depth) break; if (!fn(sb, (index << sb->shift) + nr, data)) return; nr++; } next: nr = 0; if (++index >= sb->map_nr) index = 0; } } /** * sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. */ static inline void sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { __sbitmap_for_each_set(sb, 0, fn, data); } static inline unsigned long *__sbitmap_word(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].word; } /* Helpers equivalent to the operations in asm/bitops.h and linux/bitmap.h */ static inline void sbitmap_set_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /* * This one is special, since it doesn't actually clear the bit, rather it * sets the corresponding bit in the ->cleared mask instead. Paired with * the caller doing sbitmap_deferred_clear() if a given index is full, which * will clear the previously freed entries in the corresponding ->word. */ static inline void sbitmap_deferred_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { unsigned long *addr = &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].cleared; set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), addr); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit_unlock(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit_unlock(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline int sbitmap_test_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return test_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /** * sbitmap_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap information to a &struct seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_bitmap_show() - Write a hex dump of a &struct sbitmap to a &struct * seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The output isn't guaranteed to be internally * consistent. */ void sbitmap_bitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_queue_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap_queue on a specific * memory node. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to initialize. * @depth: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @shift: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @round_robin: See sbitmap_get(). * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_queue_init_node(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth, int shift, bool round_robin, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_queue_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap_queue. * * @sbq: Bitmap queue to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_queue_free(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { kfree(sbq->ws); free_percpu(sbq->alloc_hint); sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); } /** * sbitmap_queue_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Like sbitmap_resize(), this doesn't reallocate anything. It has to do * some extra work on the &struct sbitmap_queue, so it's not safe to just * resize the underlying &struct sbitmap. */ void sbitmap_queue_resize(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue with preemption already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word, with preemption * already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get(sbq); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu, unsigned int shallow_depth) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(sbq, shallow_depth); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() - Inform a &struct sbitmap_queue of the * minimum shallow depth that will be used. * @sbq: Bitmap queue in question. * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth that will be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). * * sbitmap_queue_clear() batches wakeups as an optimization. The batch size * depends on the depth of the bitmap. Since the shallow allocation functions * effectively operate with a different depth, the shallow depth must be taken * into account when calculating the batch size. This function must be called * with the minimum shallow depth that will be used. Failure to do so can result * in missed wakeups. */ void sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int min_shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_clear() - Free an allocated bit and wake up waiters on a * &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap to free from. * @nr: Bit number to free. * @cpu: CPU the bit was allocated on. */ void sbitmap_queue_clear(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int nr, unsigned int cpu); static inline int sbq_index_inc(int index) { return (index + 1) & (SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES - 1); } static inline void sbq_index_atomic_inc(atomic_t *index) { int old = atomic_read(index); int new = sbq_index_inc(old); atomic_cmpxchg(index, old, new); } /** * sbq_wait_ptr() - Get the next wait queue to use for a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wait on. * @wait_index: A counter per "user" of @sbq. */ static inline struct sbq_wait_state *sbq_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, atomic_t *wait_index) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws; ws = &sbq->ws[atomic_read(wait_index)]; sbq_index_atomic_inc(wait_index); return ws; } /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_all() - Wake up everything waiting on a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_all(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_up() - Wake up some of waiters in one waitqueue * on a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap_queue information to a &struct * seq_file. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_queue_show(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct seq_file *m); struct sbq_wait { struct sbitmap_queue *sbq; /* if set, sbq_wait is accounted */ struct wait_queue_entry wait; }; #define DEFINE_SBQ_WAIT(name) \ struct sbq_wait name = { \ .sbq = NULL, \ .wait = { \ .private = current, \ .func = autoremove_wake_function, \ .entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait.entry), \ } \ } /* * Wrapper around prepare_to_wait_exclusive(), which maintains some extra * internal state. */ void sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait, int state); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(). */ void sbitmap_finish_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Wrapper around add_wait_queue(), which maintains some extra internal state */ void sbitmap_add_wait_queue(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_add_wait_queue() */ void sbitmap_del_wait_queue(struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); #endif /* __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H */
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The "struct page" of such a page * should in general not be touched (e.g. set dirty) except by its owner. * Pages marked as PG_reserved include: * - Pages part of the kernel image (including vDSO) and similar (e.g. BIOS, * initrd, HW tables) * - Pages reserved or allocated early during boot (before the page allocator * was initialized). This includes (depending on the architecture) the * initial vmemmap, initial page tables, crashkernel, elfcorehdr, and much * much more. Once (if ever) freed, PG_reserved is cleared and they will * be given to the page allocator. * - Pages falling into physical memory gaps - not IORESOURCE_SYSRAM. Trying * to read/write these pages might end badly. Don't touch! * - The zero page(s) * - Pages not added to the page allocator when onlining a section because * they were excluded via the online_page_callback() or because they are * PG_hwpoison. * - Pages allocated in the context of kexec/kdump (loaded kernel image, * control pages, vmcoreinfo) * - MMIO/DMA pages. Some architectures don't allow to ioremap pages that are * not marked PG_reserved (as they might be in use by somebody else who does * not respect the caching strategy). * - Pages part of an offline section (struct pages of offline sections should * not be trusted as they will be initialized when first onlined). * - MCA pages on ia64 * - Pages holding CPU notes for POWER Firmware Assisted Dump * - Device memory (e.g. PMEM, DAX, HMM) * Some PG_reserved pages will be excluded from the hibernation image. * PG_reserved does in general not hinder anybody from dumping or swapping * and is no longer required for remap_pfn_range(). ioremap might require it. * Consequently, PG_reserved for a page mapped into user space can indicate * the zero page, the vDSO, MMIO pages or device memory. * * The PG_private bitflag is set on pagecache pages if they contain filesystem * specific data (which is normally at page->private). It can be used by * private allocations for its own usage. * * During initiation of disk I/O, PG_locked is set. This bit is set before I/O * and cleared when writeback _starts_ or when read _completes_. PG_writeback * is set before writeback starts and cleared when it finishes. * * PG_locked also pins a page in pagecache, and blocks truncation of the file * while it is held. * * page_waitqueue(page) is a wait queue of all tasks waiting for the page * to become unlocked. * * PG_swapbacked is set when a page uses swap as a backing storage. This are * usually PageAnon or shmem pages but please note that even anonymous pages * might lose their PG_swapbacked flag when they simply can be dropped (e.g. as * a result of MADV_FREE). * * PG_uptodate tells whether the page's contents is valid. When a read * completes, the page becomes uptodate, unless a disk I/O error happened. * * PG_referenced, PG_reclaim are used for page reclaim for anonymous and * file-backed pagecache (see mm/vmscan.c). * * PG_error is set to indicate that an I/O error occurred on this page. * * PG_arch_1 is an architecture specific page state bit. The generic code * guarantees that this bit is cleared for a page when it first is entered into * the page cache. * * PG_hwpoison indicates that a page got corrupted in hardware and contains * data with incorrect ECC bits that triggered a machine check. Accessing is * not safe since it may cause another machine check. Don't touch! */ /* * Don't use the *_dontuse flags. Use the macros. Otherwise you'll break * locked- and dirty-page accounting. * * The page flags field is split into two parts, the main flags area * which extends from the low bits upwards, and the fields area which * extends from the high bits downwards. * * | FIELD | ... | FLAGS | * N-1 ^ 0 * (NR_PAGEFLAGS) * * The fields area is reserved for fields mapping zone, node (for NUMA) and * SPARSEMEM section (for variants of SPARSEMEM that require section ids like * SPARSEMEM_EXTREME with !SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP). */ enum pageflags { PG_locked, /* Page is locked. Don't touch. */ PG_referenced, PG_uptodate, PG_dirty, PG_lru, PG_active, PG_workingset, PG_waiters, /* Page has waiters, check its waitqueue. Must be bit #7 and in the same byte as "PG_locked" */ PG_error, PG_slab, PG_owner_priv_1, /* Owner use. If pagecache, fs may use*/ PG_arch_1, PG_reserved, PG_private, /* If pagecache, has fs-private data */ PG_private_2, /* If pagecache, has fs aux data */ PG_writeback, /* Page is under writeback */ PG_head, /* A head page */ PG_mappedtodisk, /* Has blocks allocated on-disk */ PG_reclaim, /* To be reclaimed asap */ PG_swapbacked, /* Page is backed by RAM/swap */ PG_unevictable, /* Page is "unevictable" */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU PG_mlocked, /* Page is vma mlocked */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_UNCACHED PG_uncached, /* Page has been mapped as uncached */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE PG_hwpoison, /* hardware poisoned page. Don't touch */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT) PG_young, PG_idle, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT PG_arch_2, #endif __NR_PAGEFLAGS, /* Filesystems */ PG_checked = PG_owner_priv_1, /* SwapBacked */ PG_swapcache = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Swap page: swp_entry_t in private */ /* Two page bits are conscripted by FS-Cache to maintain local caching * state. These bits are set on pages belonging to the netfs's inodes * when those inodes are being locally cached. */ PG_fscache = PG_private_2, /* page backed by cache */ /* XEN */ /* Pinned in Xen as a read-only pagetable page. */ PG_pinned = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Pinned as part of domain save (see xen_mm_pin_all()). */ PG_savepinned = PG_dirty, /* Has a grant mapping of another (foreign) domain's page. */ PG_foreign = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Remapped by swiotlb-xen. */ PG_xen_remapped = PG_owner_priv_1, /* SLOB */ PG_slob_free = PG_private, /* Compound pages. Stored in first tail page's flags */ PG_double_map = PG_workingset, /* non-lru isolated movable page */ PG_isolated = PG_reclaim, /* Only valid for buddy pages. Used to track pages that are reported */ PG_reported = PG_uptodate, }; #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H struct page; /* forward declaration */ static inline struct page *compound_head(struct page *page) { unsigned long head = READ_ONCE(page->compound_head); if (unlikely(head & 1)) return (struct page *) (head - 1); return page; } static __always_inline int PageTail(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1; } static __always_inline int PageCompound(struct page *page) { return test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags) || PageTail(page); } #define PAGE_POISON_PATTERN -1l static inline int PagePoisoned(const struct page *page) { return page->flags == PAGE_POISON_PATTERN; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size); #else static inline void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size) { } #endif /* * Page flags policies wrt compound pages * * PF_POISONED_CHECK * check if this struct page poisoned/uninitialized * * PF_ANY: * the page flag is relevant for small, head and tail pages. * * PF_HEAD: * for compound page all operations related to the page flag applied to * head page. * * PF_ONLY_HEAD: * for compound page, callers only ever operate on the head page. * * PF_NO_TAIL: * modifications of the page flag must be done on small or head pages, * checks can be done on tail pages too. * * PF_NO_COMPOUND: * the page flag is not relevant for compound pages. * * PF_SECOND: * the page flag is stored in the first tail page. */ #define PF_POISONED_CHECK(page) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PagePoisoned(page), page); \ page; }) #define PF_ANY(page, enforce) PF_POISONED_CHECK(page) #define PF_HEAD(page, enforce) PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page)) #define PF_ONLY_HEAD(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(page); }) #define PF_NO_TAIL(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageTail(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page)); }) #define PF_NO_COMPOUND(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageCompound(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(page); }) #define PF_SECOND(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(!PageHead(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(&page[1]); }) /* * Macros to create function definitions for page flags */ #define TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 0)->flags); } #define SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define __SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { __set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define __CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { __clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_and_set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_and_clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define __PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ __SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ __CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define TESTSCFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int Page##uname(const struct page *page) { return 0; } #define SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define TESTSETFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; } #define TESTCLEARFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; } #define PAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) #define TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ TESTSETFLAG_FALSE(uname) TESTCLEARFLAG_FALSE(uname) __PAGEFLAG(Locked, locked, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Error, error, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTCLEARFLAG(Error, error, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) __SETPAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) TESTSCFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD) __PAGEFLAG(Slab, slab, PF_NO_TAIL) __PAGEFLAG(SlobFree, slob_free, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Checked, checked, PF_NO_COMPOUND) /* Used by some filesystems */ /* Xen */ PAGEFLAG(Pinned, pinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTSCFLAG(Pinned, pinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(SavePinned, savepinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND); PAGEFLAG(Foreign, foreign, PF_NO_COMPOUND); PAGEFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTCLEARFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) __SETPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) __SETPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) /* * Private page markings that may be used by the filesystem that owns the page * for its own purposes. * - PG_private and PG_private_2 cause releasepage() and co to be invoked */ PAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) __SETPAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY) TESTSCFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY) TESTCLEARFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY) /* * Only test-and-set exist for PG_writeback. The unconditional operators are * risky: they bypass page accounting. */ TESTPAGEFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTSCFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(MappedToDisk, mappedtodisk, PF_NO_TAIL) /* PG_readahead is only used for reads; PG_reclaim is only for writes */ PAGEFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTCLEARFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Readahead, reclaim, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTCLEARFLAG(Readahead, reclaim, PF_NO_COMPOUND) #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Must use a macro here due to header dependency issues. page_zone() is not * available at this point. */ #define PageHighMem(__p) is_highmem_idx(page_zonenum(__p)) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HighMem) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP static __always_inline int PageSwapCache(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP page = compound_head(page); #endif return PageSwapBacked(page) && test_bit(PG_swapcache, &page->flags); } SETPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL) CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(SwapCache) #endif PAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) #ifdef CONFIG_MMU PAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTSCFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked) __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(Mlocked) TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_UNCACHED PAGEFLAG(Uncached, uncached, PF_NO_COMPOUND) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Uncached) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE PAGEFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY) TESTSCFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY) #define __PG_HWPOISON (1UL << PG_hwpoison) extern bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page); #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HWPoison) #define __PG_HWPOISON 0 #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT) TESTPAGEFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) SETPAGEFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) TESTCLEARFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(Idle, idle, PF_ANY) #endif /* * PageReported() is used to track reported free pages within the Buddy * allocator. We can use the non-atomic version of the test and set * operations as both should be shielded with the zone lock to prevent * any possible races on the setting or clearing of the bit. */ __PAGEFLAG(Reported, reported, PF_NO_COMPOUND) /* * On an anonymous page mapped into a user virtual memory area, * page->mapping points to its anon_vma, not to a struct address_space; * with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set to distinguish it. See rmap.h. * * On an anonymous page in a VM_MERGEABLE area, if CONFIG_KSM is enabled, * the PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE bit may be set along with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON * bit; and then page->mapping points, not to an anon_vma, but to a private * structure which KSM associates with that merged page. See ksm.h. * * PAGE_MAPPING_KSM without PAGE_MAPPING_ANON is used for non-lru movable * page and then page->mapping points a struct address_space. * * Please note that, confusingly, "page_mapping" refers to the inode * address_space which maps the page from disk; whereas "page_mapped" * refers to user virtual address space into which the page is mapped. */ #define PAGE_MAPPING_ANON 0x1 #define PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE 0x2 #define PAGE_MAPPING_KSM (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON | PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE) #define PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON | PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE) static __always_inline int PageMappingFlags(struct page *page) { return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != 0; } static __always_inline int PageAnon(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) != 0; } static __always_inline int __PageMovable(struct page *page) { return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) == PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE; } #ifdef CONFIG_KSM /* * A KSM page is one of those write-protected "shared pages" or "merged pages" * which KSM maps into multiple mms, wherever identical anonymous page content * is found in VM_MERGEABLE vmas. It's a PageAnon page, pointing not to any * anon_vma, but to that page's node of the stable tree. */ static __always_inline int PageKsm(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) == PAGE_MAPPING_KSM; } #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(Ksm) #endif u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page); static inline int PageUptodate(struct page *page) { int ret; page = compound_head(page); ret = test_bit(PG_uptodate, &(page)->flags); /* * Must ensure that the data we read out of the page is loaded * _after_ we've loaded page->flags to check for PageUptodate. * We can skip the barrier if the page is not uptodate, because * we wouldn't be reading anything from it. * * See SetPageUptodate() for the other side of the story. */ if (ret) smp_rmb(); return ret; } static __always_inline void __SetPageUptodate(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); smp_wmb(); __set_bit(PG_uptodate, &page->flags); } static __always_inline void SetPageUptodate(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); /* * Memory barrier must be issued before setting the PG_uptodate bit, * so that all previous stores issued in order to bring the page * uptodate are actually visible before PageUptodate becomes true. */ smp_wmb(); set_bit(PG_uptodate, &page->flags); } CLEARPAGEFLAG(Uptodate, uptodate, PF_NO_TAIL) int test_clear_page_writeback(struct page *page); int __test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page, bool keep_write); #define test_set_page_writeback(page) \ __test_set_page_writeback(page, false) #define test_set_page_writeback_keepwrite(page) \ __test_set_page_writeback(page, true) static inline void set_page_writeback(struct page *page) { test_set_page_writeback(page); } static inline void set_page_writeback_keepwrite(struct page *page) { test_set_page_writeback_keepwrite(page); } __PAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY) CLEARPAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY) static __always_inline void set_compound_head(struct page *page, struct page *head) { WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, (unsigned long)head + 1); } static __always_inline void clear_compound_head(struct page *page) { WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, 0); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void ClearPageCompound(struct page *page) { BUG_ON(!PageHead(page)); ClearPageHead(page); } #endif #define PG_head_mask ((1UL << PG_head)) #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE int PageHuge(struct page *page); int PageHeadHuge(struct page *page); bool page_huge_active(struct page *page); #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(Huge) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(HeadHuge) static inline bool page_huge_active(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * PageHuge() only returns true for hugetlbfs pages, but not for * normal or transparent huge pages. * * PageTransHuge() returns true for both transparent huge and * hugetlbfs pages, but not normal pages. PageTransHuge() can only be * called only in the core VM paths where hugetlbfs pages can't exist. */ static inline int PageTransHuge(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); return PageHead(page); } /* * PageTransCompound returns true for both transparent huge pages * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved. */ static inline int PageTransCompound(struct page *page) { return PageCompound(page); } /* * PageTransCompoundMap is the same as PageTransCompound, but it also * guarantees the primary MMU has the entire compound page mapped * through pmd_trans_huge, which in turn guarantees the secondary MMUs * can also map the entire compound page. This allows the secondary * MMUs to call get_user_pages() only once for each compound page and * to immediately map the entire compound page with a single secondary * MMU fault. If there will be a pmd split later, the secondary MMUs * will get an update through the MMU notifier invalidation through * split_huge_pmd(). * * Unlike PageTransCompound, this is safe to be called only while * split_huge_pmd() cannot run from under us, like if protected by the * MMU notifier, otherwise it may result in page->_mapcount check false * positives. * * We have to treat page cache THP differently since every subpage of it * would get _mapcount inc'ed once it is PMD mapped. But, it may be PTE * mapped in the current process so comparing subpage's _mapcount to * compound_mapcount to filter out PTE mapped case. */ static inline int PageTransCompoundMap(struct page *page) { struct page *head; if (!PageTransCompound(page)) return 0; if (PageAnon(page)) return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) < 0; head = compound_head(page); /* File THP is PMD mapped and not PTE mapped */ return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) == atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)); } /* * PageTransTail returns true for both transparent huge pages * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved. */ static inline int PageTransTail(struct page *page) { return PageTail(page); } /* * PageDoubleMap indicates that the compound page is mapped with PTEs as well * as PMDs. * * This is required for optimization of rmap operations for THP: we can postpone * per small page mapcount accounting (and its overhead from atomic operations) * until the first PMD split. * * For the page PageDoubleMap means ->_mapcount in all sub-pages is offset up * by one. This reference will go away with last compound_mapcount. * * See also __split_huge_pmd_locked() and page_remove_anon_compound_rmap(). */ PAGEFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND) TESTSCFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND) #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransHuge) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompound) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompoundMap) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransTail) PAGEFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap) TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap) #endif /* * For pages that are never mapped to userspace (and aren't PageSlab), * page_type may be used. Because it is initialised to -1, we invert the * sense of the bit, so __SetPageFoo *clears* the bit used for PageFoo, and * __ClearPageFoo *sets* the bit used for PageFoo. We reserve a few high and * low bits so that an underflow or overflow of page_mapcount() won't be * mistaken for a page type value. */ #define PAGE_TYPE_BASE 0xf0000000 /* Reserve 0x0000007f to catch underflows of page_mapcount */ #define PAGE_MAPCOUNT_RESERVE -128 #define PG_buddy 0x00000080 #define PG_offline 0x00000100 #define PG_kmemcg 0x00000200 #define PG_table 0x00000400 #define PG_guard 0x00000800 #define PageType(page, flag) \ ((page->page_type & (PAGE_TYPE_BASE | flag)) == PAGE_TYPE_BASE) static inline int page_has_type(struct page *page) { return (int)page->page_type < PAGE_MAPCOUNT_RESERVE; } #define PAGE_TYPE_OPS(uname, lname) \ static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ return PageType(page, PG_##lname); \ } \ static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageType(page, 0), page); \ page->page_type &= ~PG_##lname; \ } \ static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!Page##uname(page), page); \ page->page_type |= PG_##lname; \ } /* * PageBuddy() indicates that the page is free and in the buddy system * (see mm/page_alloc.c). */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Buddy, buddy) /* * PageOffline() indicates that the page is logically offline although the * containing section is online. (e.g. inflated in a balloon driver or * not onlined when onlining the section). * The content of these pages is effectively stale. Such pages should not * be touched (read/write/dump/save) except by their owner. * * If a driver wants to allow to offline unmovable PageOffline() pages without * putting them back to the buddy, it can do so via the memory notifier by * decrementing the reference count in MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and incrementing the * reference count in MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE. When offlining, the PageOffline() * pages (now with a reference count of zero) are treated like free pages, * allowing the containing memory block to get offlined. A driver that * relies on this feature is aware that re-onlining the memory block will * require to re-set the pages PageOffline() and not giving them to the * buddy via online_page_callback_t. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Offline, offline) /* * If kmemcg is enabled, the buddy allocator will set PageKmemcg() on * pages allocated with __GFP_ACCOUNT. It gets cleared on page free. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Kmemcg, kmemcg) /* * Marks pages in use as page tables. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Table, table) /* * Marks guardpages used with debug_pagealloc. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Guard, guard) extern bool is_free_buddy_page(struct page *page); __PAGEFLAG(Isolated, isolated, PF_ANY); /* * If network-based swap is enabled, sl*b must keep track of whether pages * were allocated from pfmemalloc reserves. */ static inline int PageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); return PageActive(page); } static inline void SetPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); SetPageActive(page); } static inline void __ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); __ClearPageActive(page); } static inline void ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); ClearPageActive(page); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define __PG_MLOCKED (1UL << PG_mlocked) #else #define __PG_MLOCKED 0 #endif /* * Flags checked when a page is freed. Pages being freed should not have * these flags set. It they are, there is a problem. */ #define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_FREE \ (1UL << PG_lru | 1UL << PG_locked | \ 1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2 | \ 1UL << PG_writeback | 1UL << PG_reserved | \ 1UL << PG_slab | 1UL << PG_active | \ 1UL << PG_unevictable | __PG_MLOCKED) /* * Flags checked when a page is prepped for return by the page allocator. * Pages being prepped should not have these flags set. It they are set, * there has been a kernel bug or struct page corruption. * * __PG_HWPOISON is exceptional because it needs to be kept beyond page's * alloc-free cycle to prevent from reusing the page. */ #define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP \ (((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1) & ~__PG_HWPOISON) #define PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE \ (1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2) /** * page_has_private - Determine if page has private stuff * @page: The page to be checked * * Determine if a page has private stuff, indicating that release routines * should be invoked upon it. */ static inline int page_has_private(struct page *page) { return !!(page->flags & PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE); } #undef PF_ANY #undef PF_HEAD #undef PF_ONLY_HEAD #undef PF_NO_TAIL #undef PF_NO_COMPOUND #undef PF_SECOND #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */ #endif /* PAGE_FLAGS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com * Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> */ #ifndef _EXT4_EXTENTS #define _EXT4_EXTENTS #include "ext4.h" /* * With AGGRESSIVE_TEST defined, the capacity of index/leaf blocks * becomes very small, so index split, in-depth growing and * other hard changes happen much more often. * This is for debug purposes only. */ #define AGGRESSIVE_TEST_ /* * With EXTENTS_STATS defined, the number of blocks and extents * are collected in the truncate path. They'll be shown at * umount time. */ #define EXTENTS_STATS__ /* * If CHECK_BINSEARCH is defined, then the results of the binary search * will also be checked by linear search. */ #define CHECK_BINSEARCH__ /* * If EXT_STATS is defined then stats numbers are collected. * These number will be displayed at umount time. */ #define EXT_STATS_ /* * ext4_inode has i_block array (60 bytes total). * The first 12 bytes store ext4_extent_header; * the remainder stores an array of ext4_extent. * For non-inode extent blocks, ext4_extent_tail * follows the array. */ /* * This is the extent tail on-disk structure. * All other extent structures are 12 bytes long. It turns out that * block_size % 12 >= 4 for at least all powers of 2 greater than 512, which * covers all valid ext4 block sizes. Therefore, this tail structure can be * crammed into the end of the block without having to rebalance the tree. */ struct ext4_extent_tail { __le32 et_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+extent_block) */ }; /* * This is the extent on-disk structure. * It's used at the bottom of the tree. */ struct ext4_extent { __le32 ee_block; /* first logical block extent covers */ __le16 ee_len; /* number of blocks covered by extent */ __le16 ee_start_hi; /* high 16 bits of physical block */ __le32 ee_start_lo; /* low 32 bits of physical block */ }; /* * This is index on-disk structure. * It's used at all the levels except the bottom. */ struct ext4_extent_idx { __le32 ei_block; /* index covers logical blocks from 'block' */ __le32 ei_leaf_lo; /* pointer to the physical block of the next * * level. leaf or next index could be there */ __le16 ei_leaf_hi; /* high 16 bits of physical block */ __u16 ei_unused; }; /* * Each block (leaves and indexes), even inode-stored has header. */ struct ext4_extent_header { __le16 eh_magic; /* probably will support different formats */ __le16 eh_entries; /* number of valid entries */ __le16 eh_max; /* capacity of store in entries */ __le16 eh_depth; /* has tree real underlying blocks? */ __le32 eh_generation; /* generation of the tree */ }; #define EXT4_EXT_MAGIC cpu_to_le16(0xf30a) #define EXT4_MAX_EXTENT_DEPTH 5 #define EXT4_EXTENT_TAIL_OFFSET(hdr) \ (sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + \ (sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu((hdr)->eh_max))) static inline struct ext4_extent_tail * find_ext4_extent_tail(struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { return (struct ext4_extent_tail *)(((void *)eh) + EXT4_EXTENT_TAIL_OFFSET(eh)); } /* * Array of ext4_ext_path contains path to some extent. * Creation/lookup routines use it for traversal/splitting/etc. * Truncate uses it to simulate recursive walking. */ struct ext4_ext_path { ext4_fsblk_t p_block; __u16 p_depth; __u16 p_maxdepth; struct ext4_extent *p_ext; struct ext4_extent_idx *p_idx; struct ext4_extent_header *p_hdr; struct buffer_head *p_bh; }; /* * Used to record a portion of a cluster found at the beginning or end * of an extent while traversing the extent tree during space removal. * A partial cluster may be removed if it does not contain blocks shared * with extents that aren't being deleted (tofree state). Otherwise, * it cannot be removed (nofree state). */ struct partial_cluster { ext4_fsblk_t pclu; /* physical cluster number */ ext4_lblk_t lblk; /* logical block number within logical cluster */ enum {initial, tofree, nofree} state; }; /* * structure for external API */ /* * EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN is the maximum number of blocks we can have in an * initialized extent. This is 2^15 and not (2^16 - 1), since we use the * MSB of ee_len field in the extent datastructure to signify if this * particular extent is an initialized extent or an unwritten (i.e. * preallocated). * EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN is the maximum number of blocks we can have in an * unwritten extent. * If ee_len is <= 0x8000, it is an initialized extent. Otherwise, it is an * unwritten one. In other words, if MSB of ee_len is set, it is an * unwritten extent with only one special scenario when ee_len = 0x8000. * In this case we can not have an unwritten extent of zero length and * thus we make it as a special case of initialized extent with 0x8000 length. * This way we get better extent-to-group alignment for initialized extents. * Hence, the maximum number of blocks we can have in an *initialized* * extent is 2^15 (32768) and in an *unwritten* extent is 2^15-1 (32767). */ #define EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN (1UL << 15) #define EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - 1) #define EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(__hdr__) \ ((struct ext4_extent *) (((char *) (__hdr__)) + \ sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header))) #define EXT_FIRST_INDEX(__hdr__) \ ((struct ext4_extent_idx *) (((char *) (__hdr__)) + \ sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header))) #define EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(__path__) \ (le16_to_cpu((__path__)->p_hdr->eh_entries) \ < le16_to_cpu((__path__)->p_hdr->eh_max)) #define EXT_LAST_EXTENT(__hdr__) \ (EXT_FIRST_EXTENT((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_entries) - 1) #define EXT_LAST_INDEX(__hdr__) \ (EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_entries) - 1) #define EXT_MAX_EXTENT(__hdr__) \ ((le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max)) ? \ ((EXT_FIRST_EXTENT((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)) \ : 0) #define EXT_MAX_INDEX(__hdr__) \ ((le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max)) ? \ ((EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)) : 0) static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_inode_hdr(struct inode *inode) { return (struct ext4_extent_header *) EXT4_I(inode)->i_data; } static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_block_hdr(struct buffer_head *bh) { return (struct ext4_extent_header *) bh->b_data; } static inline unsigned short ext_depth(struct inode *inode) { return le16_to_cpu(ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_depth); } static inline void ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(struct ext4_extent *ext) { /* We can not have an unwritten extent of zero length! */ BUG_ON((le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) & ~EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN) == 0); ext->ee_len |= cpu_to_le16(EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN); } static inline int ext4_ext_is_unwritten(struct ext4_extent *ext) { /* Extent with ee_len of 0x8000 is treated as an initialized extent */ return (le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN); } static inline int ext4_ext_get_actual_len(struct ext4_extent *ext) { return (le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) <= EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN ? le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) : (le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) - EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN)); } static inline void ext4_ext_mark_initialized(struct ext4_extent *ext) { ext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext)); } /* * ext4_ext_pblock: * combine low and high parts of physical block number into ext4_fsblk_t */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_pblock(struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_fsblk_t block; block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_start_lo); block |= ((ext4_fsblk_t) le16_to_cpu(ex->ee_start_hi) << 31) << 1; return block; } /* * ext4_idx_pblock: * combine low and high parts of a leaf physical block number into ext4_fsblk_t */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_idx_pblock(struct ext4_extent_idx *ix) { ext4_fsblk_t block; block = le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_leaf_lo); block |= ((ext4_fsblk_t) le16_to_cpu(ix->ei_leaf_hi) << 31) << 1; return block; } /* * ext4_ext_store_pblock: * stores a large physical block number into an extent struct, * breaking it into parts */ static inline void ext4_ext_store_pblock(struct ext4_extent *ex, ext4_fsblk_t pb) { ex->ee_start_lo = cpu_to_le32((unsigned long) (pb & 0xffffffff)); ex->ee_start_hi = cpu_to_le16((unsigned long) ((pb >> 31) >> 1) & 0xffff); } /* * ext4_idx_store_pblock: * stores a large physical block number into an index struct, * breaking it into parts */ static inline void ext4_idx_store_pblock(struct ext4_extent_idx *ix, ext4_fsblk_t pb) { ix->ei_leaf_lo = cpu_to_le32((unsigned long) (pb & 0xffffffff)); ix->ei_leaf_hi = cpu_to_le16((unsigned long) ((pb >> 31) >> 1) & 0xffff); } #endif /* _EXT4_EXTENTS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BLOCKGROUP_LOCK_H #define _LINUX_BLOCKGROUP_LOCK_H /* * Per-blockgroup locking for ext2 and ext3. * * Simple hashed spinlocking. */ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP #define NR_BG_LOCKS (4 << ilog2(NR_CPUS < 32 ? NR_CPUS : 32)) #else #define NR_BG_LOCKS 1 #endif struct bgl_lock { spinlock_t lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct blockgroup_lock { struct bgl_lock locks[NR_BG_LOCKS]; }; static inline void bgl_lock_init(struct blockgroup_lock *bgl) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_BG_LOCKS; i++) spin_lock_init(&bgl->locks[i].lock); } static inline spinlock_t * bgl_lock_ptr(struct blockgroup_lock *bgl, unsigned int block_group) { return &bgl->locks[block_group & (NR_BG_LOCKS-1)].lock; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_H #define _LINUX_PID_H #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> enum pid_type { PIDTYPE_PID, PIDTYPE_TGID, PIDTYPE_PGID, PIDTYPE_SID, PIDTYPE_MAX, }; /* * What is struct pid? * * A struct pid is the kernel's internal notion of a process identifier. * It refers to individual tasks, process groups, and sessions. While * there are processes attached to it the struct pid lives in a hash * table, so it and then the processes that it refers to can be found * quickly from the numeric pid value. The attached processes may be * quickly accessed by following pointers from struct pid. * * Storing pid_t values in the kernel and referring to them later has a * problem. The process originally with that pid may have exited and the * pid allocator wrapped, and another process could have come along * and been assigned that pid. * * Referring to user space processes by holding a reference to struct * task_struct has a problem. When the user space process exits * the now useless task_struct is still kept. A task_struct plus a * stack consumes around 10K of low kernel memory. More precisely * this is THREAD_SIZE + sizeof(struct task_struct). By comparison * a struct pid is about 64 bytes. * * Holding a reference to struct pid solves both of these problems. * It is small so holding a reference does not consume a lot of * resources, and since a new struct pid is allocated when the numeric pid * value is reused (when pids wrap around) we don't mistakenly refer to new * processes. */ /* * struct upid is used to get the id of the struct pid, as it is * seen in particular namespace. Later the struct pid is found with * find_pid_ns() using the int nr and struct pid_namespace *ns. */ struct upid { int nr; struct pid_namespace *ns; }; struct pid { refcount_t count; unsigned int level; spinlock_t lock; /* lists of tasks that use this pid */ struct hlist_head tasks[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct hlist_head inodes; /* wait queue for pidfd notifications */ wait_queue_head_t wait_pidfd; struct rcu_head rcu; struct upid numbers[1]; }; extern struct pid init_struct_pid; extern const struct file_operations pidfd_fops; struct file; extern struct pid *pidfd_pid(const struct file *file); struct pid *pidfd_get_pid(unsigned int fd, unsigned int *flags); static inline struct pid *get_pid(struct pid *pid) { if (pid) refcount_inc(&pid->count); return pid; } extern void put_pid(struct pid *pid); extern struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); static inline bool pid_has_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { return !hlist_empty(&pid->tasks[type]); } extern struct task_struct *get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); extern struct pid *get_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type); /* * these helpers must be called with the tasklist_lock write-held. */ extern void attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type, struct pid *pid); extern void exchange_tids(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *old); extern void transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old, struct task_struct *new, enum pid_type); struct pid_namespace; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; extern int pid_max; extern int pid_max_min, pid_max_max; /* * look up a PID in the hash table. Must be called with the tasklist_lock * or rcu_read_lock() held. * * find_pid_ns() finds the pid in the namespace specified * find_vpid() finds the pid by its virtual id, i.e. in the current namespace * * see also find_task_by_vpid() set in include/linux/sched.h */ extern struct pid *find_pid_ns(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern struct pid *find_vpid(int nr); /* * Lookup a PID in the hash table, and return with it's count elevated. */ extern struct pid *find_get_pid(int nr); extern struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *); extern struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, pid_t *set_tid, size_t set_tid_size); extern void free_pid(struct pid *pid); extern void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * ns_of_pid() returns the pid namespace in which the specified pid was * allocated. * * NOTE: * ns_of_pid() is expected to be called for a process (task) that has * an attached 'struct pid' (see attach_pid(), detach_pid()) i.e @pid * is expected to be non-NULL. If @pid is NULL, caller should handle * the resulting NULL pid-ns. */ static inline struct pid_namespace *ns_of_pid(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *ns = NULL; if (pid) ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns; return ns; } /* * is_child_reaper returns true if the pid is the init process * of the current namespace. As this one could be checked before * pid_ns->child_reaper is assigned in copy_process, we check * with the pid number. */ static inline bool is_child_reaper(struct pid *pid) { return pid->numbers[pid->level].nr == 1; } /* * the helpers to get the pid's id seen from different namespaces * * pid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * pid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * pid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified. * * see also task_xid_nr() etc in include/linux/sched.h */ static inline pid_t pid_nr(struct pid *pid) { pid_t nr = 0; if (pid) nr = pid->numbers[0].nr; return nr; } pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns); pid_t pid_vnr(struct pid *pid); #define do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ do { \ if ((pid) != NULL) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu((task), \ &(pid)->tasks[type], pid_links[type]) { /* * Both old and new leaders may be attached to * the same pid in the middle of de_thread(). */ #define while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) \ break; \ } \ } while (0) #define do_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) { \ struct task_struct *tg___ = task; \ for_each_thread(tg___, task) { #define while_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ } \ task = tg___; \ } while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) #endif /* _LINUX_PID_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the RAW-IP module. * * Version: @(#)raw.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _RAW_H #define _RAW_H #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <linux/icmp.h> extern struct proto raw_prot; extern struct raw_hashinfo raw_v4_hashinfo; struct sock *__raw_v4_lookup(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, unsigned short num, __be32 raddr, __be32 laddr, int dif, int sdif); int raw_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); void raw_icmp_error(struct sk_buff *, int, u32); int raw_local_deliver(struct sk_buff *, int); int raw_rcv(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *); #define RAW_HTABLE_SIZE MAX_INET_PROTOS struct raw_hashinfo { rwlock_t lock; struct hlist_head ht[RAW_HTABLE_SIZE]; }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int raw_proc_init(void); void raw_proc_exit(void); struct raw_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; }; static inline struct raw_iter_state *raw_seq_private(struct seq_file *seq) { return seq->private; } void *raw_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *raw_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void raw_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); #endif int raw_hash_sk(struct sock *sk); void raw_unhash_sk(struct sock *sk); void raw_init(void); struct raw_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member */ struct inet_sock inet; struct icmp_filter filter; u32 ipmr_table; }; static inline struct raw_sock *raw_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct raw_sock *)sk; } static inline bool raw_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_raw_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } #endif /* _RAW_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 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scsi_opcode_name(INITIALIZE_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_REVERSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_FILEMARKS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SPACE), \ scsi_opcode_name(INQUIRY), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECOVER_BUFFERED_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY), \ scsi_opcode_name(ERASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(START_STOP), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECEIVE_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(ALLOW_MEDIUM_REMOVAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_WINDOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_CAPACITY), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(POSITION_TO_ELEMENT), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_LIMITS), \ scsi_opcode_name(PRE_FETCH), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_POSITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(SYNCHRONIZE_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOCK_UNLOCK_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_DEFECT_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MEDIUM_SCAN), \ scsi_opcode_name(COMPARE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(UPDATE_BLOCK), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(CHANGE_DEFINITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME), \ scsi_opcode_name(UNMAP), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_TOC), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(XDWRITEREAD_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD), \ scsi_opcode_name(REPORT_LUNS), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(MOVE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(EXCHANGE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_VOLUME_TAG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG_2), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(SERVICE_ACTION_IN_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_12)) #define scsi_hostbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_hostbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_OK), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_NO_CONNECT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BUS_BUSY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TIME_OUT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_TARGET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ABORT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PARITY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_RESET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_INTR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PASSTHROUGH), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_SOFT_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_IMM_RETRY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_REQUEUE), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_DISRUPTED), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_FAILFAST)) #define scsi_driverbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_driverbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_OK), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_BUSY), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SOFT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_MEDIA), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_ERROR), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_INVALID), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_TIMEOUT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_HARD), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SENSE)) #define scsi_msgbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_msgbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_msgbyte_name(COMMAND_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(EXTENDED_MESSAGE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SAVE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RESTORE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(DISCONNECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATOR_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MESSAGE_REJECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(NOP), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MSG_PARITY_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_FLG_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(TARGET_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RELEASE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LOGICAL_UNIT_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SIMPLE_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(HEAD_OF_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ORDERED_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(IGNORE_WIDE_RESIDUE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(QAS_REQUEST), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(BUS_DEVICE_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT)) #define scsi_statusbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_statusbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_GOOD), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_BUSY), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_RESERVATION_CONFLICT), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_COMMAND_TERMINATED), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_SET_FULL), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_ACA_ACTIVE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_ABORTED)) #define scsi_prot_op_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_prot_op_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_NORMAL), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_PASS), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_PASS)) const char *scsi_trace_parse_cdb(struct trace_seq*, unsigned char*, int); #define __parse_cdb(cdb, len) scsi_trace_parse_cdb(p, cdb, len) TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_start, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len)) ); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_error, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int rtn), TP_ARGS(cmd, rtn), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, rtn ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->rtn = rtn; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) rtn=%d", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __entry->rtn) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, result ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->result = cmd->result; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u " \ "prot_sgl=%u prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) result=(driver=" \ "%s host=%s message=%s status=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), show_driverbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 24) & 0xff), show_hostbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 16) & 0xff), show_msgbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 8) & 0xff), show_statusbyte_name(__entry->result & 0xff)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_done, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_timeout, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_eh_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct Scsi_Host *shost), TP_ARGS(shost), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = shost->host_no; ), TP_printk("host_no=%u", __entry->host_no) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SCSI_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ #define _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> struct resource; struct device; /** * struct vmem_altmap - pre-allocated storage for vmemmap_populate * @base_pfn: base of the entire dev_pagemap mapping * @reserve: pages mapped, but reserved for driver use (relative to @base) * @free: free pages set aside in the mapping for memmap storage * @align: pages reserved to meet allocation alignments * @alloc: track pages consumed, private to vmemmap_populate() */ struct vmem_altmap { const unsigned long base_pfn; const unsigned long end_pfn; const unsigned long reserve; unsigned long free; unsigned long align; unsigned long alloc; }; /* * Specialize ZONE_DEVICE memory into multiple types each having differents * usage. * * MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: * Device memory that is not directly addressable by the CPU: CPU can neither * read nor write private memory. In this case, we do still have struct pages * backing the device memory. Doing so simplifies the implementation, but it is * important to remember that there are certain points at which the struct page * must be treated as an opaque object, rather than a "normal" struct page. * * A more complete discussion of unaddressable memory may be found in * include/linux/hmm.h and Documentation/vm/hmm.rst. * * MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: * Host memory that has similar access semantics as System RAM i.e. DMA * coherent and supports page pinning. In support of coordinating page * pinning vs other operations MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX arranges for a * wakeup event whenever a page is unpinned and becomes idle. This * wakeup is used to coordinate physical address space management (ex: * fs truncate/hole punch) vs pinned pages (ex: device dma). * * MEMORY_DEVICE_GENERIC: * Host memory that has similar access semantics as System RAM i.e. DMA * coherent and supports page pinning. This is for example used by DAX devices * that expose memory using a character device. * * MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA: * Device memory residing in a PCI BAR intended for use with Peer-to-Peer * transactions. */ enum memory_type { /* 0 is reserved to catch uninitialized type fields */ MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE = 1, MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX, MEMORY_DEVICE_GENERIC, MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA, }; struct dev_pagemap_ops { /* * Called once the page refcount reaches 1. (ZONE_DEVICE pages never * reach 0 refcount unless there is a refcount bug. This allows the * device driver to implement its own memory management.) */ void (*page_free)(struct page *page); /* * Transition the refcount in struct dev_pagemap to the dead state. */ void (*kill)(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); /* * Wait for refcount in struct dev_pagemap to be idle and reap it. */ void (*cleanup)(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); /* * Used for private (un-addressable) device memory only. Must migrate * the page back to a CPU accessible page. */ vm_fault_t (*migrate_to_ram)(struct vm_fault *vmf); }; #define PGMAP_ALTMAP_VALID (1 << 0) /** * struct dev_pagemap - metadata for ZONE_DEVICE mappings * @altmap: pre-allocated/reserved memory for vmemmap allocations * @ref: reference count that pins the devm_memremap_pages() mapping * @internal_ref: internal reference if @ref is not provided by the caller * @done: completion for @internal_ref * @type: memory type: see MEMORY_* in memory_hotplug.h * @flags: PGMAP_* flags to specify defailed behavior * @ops: method table * @owner: an opaque pointer identifying the entity that manages this * instance. Used by various helpers to make sure that no * foreign ZONE_DEVICE memory is accessed. * @nr_range: number of ranges to be mapped * @range: range to be mapped when nr_range == 1 * @ranges: array of ranges to be mapped when nr_range > 1 */ struct dev_pagemap { struct vmem_altmap altmap; struct percpu_ref *ref; struct percpu_ref internal_ref; struct completion done; enum memory_type type; unsigned int flags; const struct dev_pagemap_ops *ops; void *owner; int nr_range; union { struct range range; struct range ranges[0]; }; }; static inline struct vmem_altmap *pgmap_altmap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { if (pgmap->flags & PGMAP_ALTMAP_VALID) return &pgmap->altmap; return NULL; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE void *memremap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, int nid); void memunmap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); void devm_memunmap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); bool pgmap_pfn_valid(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, unsigned long pfn); unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns); unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void); #else static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { /* * Fail attempts to call devm_memremap_pages() without * ZONE_DEVICE support enabled, this requires callers to fall * back to plain devm_memremap() based on config */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return ERR_PTR(-ENXIO); } static inline void devm_memunmap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { } static inline struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool pgmap_pfn_valid(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, unsigned long pfn) { return false; } static inline unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap) { return 0; } static inline void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns) { } /* when memremap_pages() is disabled all archs can remap a single page */ static inline unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void) { return PAGE_SIZE; } #endif /* CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE */ static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { if (pgmap) percpu_ref_put(pgmap->ref); } #endif /* _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Wireless configuration interface internals. * * Copyright 2006-2010 Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> * Copyright (C) 2018-2020 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/rfkill.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/genetlink.h> #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include "reg.h" #define WIPHY_IDX_INVALID -1 struct cfg80211_registered_device { const struct cfg80211_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* rfkill support */ struct rfkill_ops rfkill_ops; struct rfkill *rfkill; struct work_struct rfkill_block; /* ISO / IEC 3166 alpha2 for which this device is receiving * country IEs on, this can help disregard country IEs from APs * on the same alpha2 quickly. The alpha2 may differ from * cfg80211_regdomain's alpha2 when an intersection has occurred. * If the AP is reconfigured this can also be used to tell us if * the country on the country IE changed. */ char country_ie_alpha2[2]; /* * the driver requests the regulatory core to set this regulatory * domain as the wiphy's. Only used for %REGULATORY_WIPHY_SELF_MANAGED * devices using the regulatory_set_wiphy_regd() API */ const struct ieee80211_regdomain *requested_regd; /* If a Country IE has been received this tells us the environment * which its telling us its in. This defaults to ENVIRON_ANY */ enum environment_cap env; /* wiphy index, internal only */ int wiphy_idx; /* protected by RTNL */ int devlist_generation, wdev_id; int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; struct list_head beacon_registrations; spinlock_t beacon_registrations_lock; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; int num_running_monitor_ifaces; u64 cookie_counter; /* BSSes/scanning */ spinlock_t bss_lock; struct list_head bss_list; struct rb_root bss_tree; u32 bss_generation; u32 bss_entries; struct cfg80211_scan_request *scan_req; /* protected by RTNL */ struct cfg80211_scan_request *int_scan_req; struct sk_buff *scan_msg; struct list_head sched_scan_req_list; time64_t suspend_at; struct work_struct scan_done_wk; struct genl_info *cur_cmd_info; struct work_struct conn_work; struct work_struct event_work; struct delayed_work dfs_update_channels_wk; /* netlink port which started critical protocol (0 means not started) */ u32 crit_proto_nlportid; struct cfg80211_coalesce *coalesce; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct work_struct sched_scan_stop_wk; struct work_struct sched_scan_res_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def radar_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_radar_detect_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def cac_done_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_cac_done_wk; struct work_struct mgmt_registrations_update_wk; /* lock for all wdev lists */ spinlock_t mgmt_registrations_lock; /* must be last because of the way we do wiphy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wiphy wiphy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg80211_registered_device *wiphy_to_rdev(struct wiphy *wiphy) { BUG_ON(!wiphy); return container_of(wiphy, struct cfg80211_registered_device, wiphy); } static inline void cfg80211_rdev_free_wowlan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { #ifdef CONFIG_PM int i; if (!rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config) return; for (i = 0; i < rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->n_patterns; i++) kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns[i].mask); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns); if (rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp && rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock) sock_release(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->nd_config); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config); #endif } static inline u64 cfg80211_assign_cookie(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { u64 r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; if (WARN_ON(r == 0)) r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; return r; } extern struct workqueue_struct *cfg80211_wq; extern struct list_head cfg80211_rdev_list; extern int cfg80211_rdev_list_generation; struct cfg80211_internal_bss { struct list_head list; struct list_head hidden_list; struct rb_node rbn; u64 ts_boottime; unsigned long ts; unsigned long refcount; atomic_t hold; /* time at the start of the reception of the first octet of the * timestamp field of the last beacon/probe received for this BSS. * The time is the TSF of the BSS specified by %parent_bssid. */ u64 parent_tsf; /* the BSS according to which %parent_tsf is set. This is set to * the BSS that the interface that requested the scan was connected to * when the beacon/probe was received. */ u8 parent_bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); /* must be last because of priv member */ struct cfg80211_bss pub; }; static inline struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss_from_pub(struct cfg80211_bss *pub) { return container_of(pub, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); } static inline void cfg80211_hold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { atomic_inc(&bss->hold); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); atomic_inc(&bss->hold); } } static inline void cfg80211_unhold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { int r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); } } struct cfg80211_registered_device *cfg80211_rdev_by_wiphy_idx(int wiphy_idx); int get_wiphy_idx(struct wiphy *wiphy); struct wiphy *wiphy_idx_to_wiphy(int wiphy_idx); int cfg80211_switch_netns(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); void cfg80211_init_wdev(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_register_wdev(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); static inline void wdev_lock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __acquires(wdev) { mutex_lock(&wdev->mtx); __acquire(wdev->mtx); } static inline void wdev_unlock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __releases(wdev) { __release(wdev->mtx); mutex_unlock(&wdev->mtx); } #define ASSERT_WDEV_LOCK(wdev) lockdep_assert_held(&(wdev)->mtx) static inline bool cfg80211_has_monitors_only(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); return rdev->num_running_ifaces == rdev->num_running_monitor_ifaces && rdev->num_running_ifaces > 0; } enum cfg80211_event_type { EVENT_CONNECT_RESULT, EVENT_ROAMED, EVENT_DISCONNECTED, EVENT_IBSS_JOINED, EVENT_STOPPED, EVENT_PORT_AUTHORIZED, }; struct cfg80211_event { struct list_head list; enum cfg80211_event_type type; union { struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params cr; struct cfg80211_roam_info rm; struct { const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u16 reason; bool locally_generated; } dc; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; struct ieee80211_channel *channel; } ij; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; } pa; }; }; struct cfg80211_cached_keys { struct key_params params[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS]; u8 data[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS][WLAN_KEY_LEN_WEP104]; int def; }; enum cfg80211_chan_mode { CHAN_MODE_UNDEFINED, CHAN_MODE_SHARED, CHAN_MODE_EXCLUSIVE, }; struct cfg80211_beacon_registration { struct list_head list; u32 nlportid; }; struct cfg80211_cqm_config { u32 rssi_hyst; s32 last_rssi_event_value; int n_rssi_thresholds; s32 rssi_thresholds[]; }; void cfg80211_destroy_ifaces(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* free object */ void cfg80211_dev_free(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); int cfg80211_dev_rename(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, char *newname); void ieee80211_set_bitrate_flags(struct wiphy *wiphy); void cfg80211_bss_expire(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_bss_age(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, unsigned long age_secs); void cfg80211_update_assoc_bss_entry(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); /* IBSS */ int __cfg80211_join_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_ibss_params *params, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys); void cfg80211_clear_ibss(struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int __cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); void __cfg80211_ibss_joined(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); int cfg80211_ibss_wext_join(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* mesh */ extern const struct mesh_config default_mesh_config; extern const struct mesh_setup default_mesh_setup; int __cfg80211_join_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct mesh_setup *setup, const struct mesh_config *conf); int __cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_set_mesh_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); /* OCB */ int __cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int __cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); /* AP */ int __cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); int cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); /* MLME */ int cfg80211_mlme_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, enum nl80211_auth_type auth_type, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, const u8 *key, int key_len, int key_idx, const u8 *auth_data, int auth_data_len); int cfg80211_mlme_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, struct cfg80211_assoc_request *req); int cfg80211_mlme_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); int cfg80211_mlme_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); void cfg80211_mlme_down(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_mlme_register_mgmt(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 snd_pid, u16 frame_type, const u8 *match_data, int match_len, bool multicast_rx, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void cfg80211_mgmt_registrations_update_wk(struct work_struct *wk); void cfg80211_mlme_unregister_socket(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid); void cfg80211_mlme_purge_registrations(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_mlme_mgmt_tx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_mgmt_tx_params *params, u64 *cookie); void cfg80211_oper_and_ht_capa(struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa, const struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa_mask); void cfg80211_oper_and_vht_capa(struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa, const struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa_mask); /* SME events */ int cfg80211_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_params *connect, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys, const u8 *prev_bssid); void __cfg80211_connect_result(struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_disconnected(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, u16 reason, bool from_ap); int cfg80211_disconnect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, u16 reason, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_roamed(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info); void __cfg80211_port_authorized(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *bssid); int cfg80211_mgd_wext_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_autodisconnect_wk(struct work_struct *work); /* SME implementation */ void cfg80211_conn_work(struct work_struct *work); void cfg80211_sme_scan_done(struct net_device *dev); bool cfg80211_sme_rx_assoc_resp(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u16 status); void cfg80211_sme_rx_auth(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len); void cfg80211_sme_disassoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_deauth(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_auth_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_assoc_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_abandon_assoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* internal helpers */ bool cfg80211_supported_cipher_suite(struct wiphy *wiphy, u32 cipher); bool cfg80211_valid_key_idx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, int key_idx, bool pairwise); int cfg80211_validate_key_settings(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct key_params *params, int key_idx, bool pairwise, const u8 *mac_addr); void __cfg80211_scan_done(struct work_struct *wk); void ___cfg80211_scan_done(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool send_message); void cfg80211_add_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req); int cfg80211_sched_scan_req_possible(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool want_multi); void cfg80211_sched_scan_results_wk(struct work_struct *work); int cfg80211_stop_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, bool driver_initiated); int __cfg80211_stop_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, u64 reqid, bool driver_initiated); void cfg80211_upload_connect_keys(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_change_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, enum nl80211_iftype ntype, struct vif_params *params); void cfg80211_process_rdev_events(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_process_wdev_events(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_does_bw_fit_range(const struct ieee80211_freq_range *freq_range, u32 center_freq_khz, u32 bw_khz); int cfg80211_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); extern struct work_struct cfg80211_disconnect_work; /** * cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable - checks if chandef is DFS usable * @wiphy: the wiphy to validate against * @chandef: the channel definition to check * * Checks if chandef is usable and we can/need start CAC on such channel. * * Return: true if all channels available and at least * one channel requires CAC (NL80211_DFS_USABLE) */ bool cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_set_dfs_state(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_dfs_state dfs_state); void cfg80211_dfs_channels_update_work(struct work_struct *work); unsigned int cfg80211_chandef_dfs_cac_time(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_sched_dfs_chan_update(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); bool cfg80211_any_wiphy_oper_chan(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); bool cfg80211_beaconing_iface_active(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_is_sub_chan(struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); static inline unsigned int elapsed_jiffies_msecs(unsigned long start) { unsigned long end = jiffies; if (end >= start) return jiffies_to_msecs(end - start); return jiffies_to_msecs(end + (ULONG_MAX - start) + 1); } void cfg80211_get_chan_state(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel **chan, enum cfg80211_chan_mode *chanmode, u8 *radar_detect); int cfg80211_set_monitor_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int ieee80211_get_ratemask(struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, const u8 *rates, unsigned int n_rates, u32 *mask); int cfg80211_validate_beacon_int(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_iftype iftype, u32 beacon_int); void cfg80211_update_iface_num(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_iftype iftype, int num); void __cfg80211_leave(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_leave(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_stop_p2p_device(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_stop_nan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); struct cfg80211_internal_bss * cfg80211_bss_update(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_internal_bss *tmp, bool signal_valid, unsigned long ts); #ifdef CONFIG_CFG80211_DEVELOPER_WARNINGS #define CFG80211_DEV_WARN_ON(cond) WARN_ON(cond) #else /* * Trick to enable using it as a condition, * and also not give a warning when it's * not used that way. */ #define CFG80211_DEV_WARN_ON(cond) ({bool __r = (cond); __r; }) #endif void cfg80211_cqm_config_free(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_release_pmsr(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 portid); void cfg80211_pmsr_wdev_down(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_pmsr_free_wk(struct work_struct *work); #endif /* __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMU_NOTIFIER_H #define _LINUX_MMU_NOTIFIER_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/srcu.h> #include <linux/interval_tree.h> struct mmu_notifier_subscriptions; struct mmu_notifier; struct mmu_notifier_range; struct mmu_interval_notifier; /** * enum mmu_notifier_event - reason for the mmu notifier callback * @MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP: either munmap() that unmap the range or a mremap() that * move the range * * @MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR: clear page table entry (many reasons for this like * madvise() or replacing a page by another one, ...). * * @MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_VMA: update is due to protection change for the range * ie using the vma access permission (vm_page_prot) to update the whole range * is enough no need to inspect changes to the CPU page table (mprotect() * syscall) * * @MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE: update is due to change in read/write flag for * pages in the range so to mirror those changes the user must inspect the CPU * page table (from the end callback). * * @MMU_NOTIFY_SOFT_DIRTY: soft dirty accounting (still same page and same * access flags). User should soft dirty the page in the end callback to make * sure that anyone relying on soft dirtyness catch pages that might be written * through non CPU mappings. * * @MMU_NOTIFY_RELEASE: used during mmu_interval_notifier invalidate to signal * that the mm refcount is zero and the range is no longer accessible. * * @MMU_NOTIFY_MIGRATE: used during migrate_vma_collect() invalidate to signal * a device driver to possibly ignore the invalidation if the * migrate_pgmap_owner field matches the driver's device private pgmap owner. */ enum mmu_notifier_event { MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP = 0, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_VMA, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, MMU_NOTIFY_SOFT_DIRTY, MMU_NOTIFY_RELEASE, MMU_NOTIFY_MIGRATE, }; #define MMU_NOTIFIER_RANGE_BLOCKABLE (1 << 0) struct mmu_notifier_ops { /* * Called either by mmu_notifier_unregister or when the mm is * being destroyed by exit_mmap, always before all pages are * freed. This can run concurrently with other mmu notifier * methods (the ones invoked outside the mm context) and it * should tear down all secondary mmu mappings and freeze the * secondary mmu. If this method isn't implemented you've to * be sure that nothing could possibly write to the pages * through the secondary mmu by the time the last thread with * tsk->mm == mm exits. * * As side note: the pages freed after ->release returns could * be immediately reallocated by the gart at an alias physical * address with a different cache model, so if ->release isn't * implemented because all _software_ driven memory accesses * through the secondary mmu are terminated by the time the * last thread of this mm quits, you've also to be sure that * speculative _hardware_ operations can't allocate dirty * cachelines in the cpu that could not be snooped and made * coherent with the other read and write operations happening * through the gart alias address, so leading to memory * corruption. */ void (*release)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm); /* * clear_flush_young is called after the VM is * test-and-clearing the young/accessed bitflag in the * pte. This way the VM will provide proper aging to the * accesses to the page through the secondary MMUs and not * only to the ones through the Linux pte. * Start-end is necessary in case the secondary MMU is mapping the page * at a smaller granularity than the primary MMU. */ int (*clear_flush_young)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* * clear_young is a lightweight version of clear_flush_young. Like the * latter, it is supposed to test-and-clear the young/accessed bitflag * in the secondary pte, but it may omit flushing the secondary tlb. */ int (*clear_young)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* * test_young is called to check the young/accessed bitflag in * the secondary pte. This is used to know if the page is * frequently used without actually clearing the flag or tearing * down the secondary mapping on the page. */ int (*test_young)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address); /* * change_pte is called in cases that pte mapping to page is changed: * for example, when ksm remaps pte to point to a new shared page. */ void (*change_pte)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t pte); /* * invalidate_range_start() and invalidate_range_end() must be * paired and are called only when the mmap_lock and/or the * locks protecting the reverse maps are held. If the subsystem * can't guarantee that no additional references are taken to * the pages in the range, it has to implement the * invalidate_range() notifier to remove any references taken * after invalidate_range_start(). * * Invalidation of multiple concurrent ranges may be * optionally permitted by the driver. Either way the * establishment of sptes is forbidden in the range passed to * invalidate_range_begin/end for the whole duration of the * invalidate_range_begin/end critical section. * * invalidate_range_start() is called when all pages in the * range are still mapped and have at least a refcount of one. * * invalidate_range_end() is called when all pages in the * range have been unmapped and the pages have been freed by * the VM. * * The VM will remove the page table entries and potentially * the page between invalidate_range_start() and * invalidate_range_end(). If the page must not be freed * because of pending I/O or other circumstances then the * invalidate_range_start() callback (or the initial mapping * by the driver) must make sure that the refcount is kept * elevated. * * If the driver increases the refcount when the pages are * initially mapped into an address space then either * invalidate_range_start() or invalidate_range_end() may * decrease the refcount. If the refcount is decreased on * invalidate_range_start() then the VM can free pages as page * table entries are removed. If the refcount is only * droppped on invalidate_range_end() then the driver itself * will drop the last refcount but it must take care to flush * any secondary tlb before doing the final free on the * page. Pages will no longer be referenced by the linux * address space but may still be referenced by sptes until * the last refcount is dropped. * * If blockable argument is set to false then the callback cannot * sleep and has to return with -EAGAIN if sleeping would be required. * 0 should be returned otherwise. Please note that notifiers that can * fail invalidate_range_start are not allowed to implement * invalidate_range_end, as there is no mechanism for informing the * notifier that its start failed. */ int (*invalidate_range_start)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, const struct mmu_notifier_range *range); void (*invalidate_range_end)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, const struct mmu_notifier_range *range); /* * invalidate_range() is either called between * invalidate_range_start() and invalidate_range_end() when the * VM has to free pages that where unmapped, but before the * pages are actually freed, or outside of _start()/_end() when * a (remote) TLB is necessary. * * If invalidate_range() is used to manage a non-CPU TLB with * shared page-tables, it not necessary to implement the * invalidate_range_start()/end() notifiers, as * invalidate_range() alread catches the points in time when an * external TLB range needs to be flushed. For more in depth * discussion on this see Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst * * Note that this function might be called with just a sub-range * of what was passed to invalidate_range_start()/end(), if * called between those functions. */ void (*invalidate_range)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* * These callbacks are used with the get/put interface to manage the * lifetime of the mmu_notifier memory. alloc_notifier() returns a new * notifier for use with the mm. * * free_notifier() is only called after the mmu_notifier has been * fully put, calls to any ops callback are prevented and no ops * callbacks are currently running. It is called from a SRCU callback * and cannot sleep. */ struct mmu_notifier *(*alloc_notifier)(struct mm_struct *mm); void (*free_notifier)(struct mmu_notifier *subscription); }; /* * The notifier chains are protected by mmap_lock and/or the reverse map * semaphores. Notifier chains are only changed when all reverse maps and * the mmap_lock locks are taken. * * Therefore notifier chains can only be traversed when either * * 1. mmap_lock is held. * 2. One of the reverse map locks is held (i_mmap_rwsem or anon_vma->rwsem). * 3. No other concurrent thread can access the list (release) */ struct mmu_notifier { struct hlist_node hlist; const struct mmu_notifier_ops *ops; struct mm_struct *mm; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned int users; }; /** * struct mmu_interval_notifier_ops * @invalidate: Upon return the caller must stop using any SPTEs within this * range. This function can sleep. Return false only if sleeping * was required but mmu_notifier_range_blockable(range) is false. */ struct mmu_interval_notifier_ops { bool (*invalidate)(struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub, const struct mmu_notifier_range *range, unsigned long cur_seq); }; struct mmu_interval_notifier { struct interval_tree_node interval_tree; const struct mmu_interval_notifier_ops *ops; struct mm_struct *mm; struct hlist_node deferred_item; unsigned long invalidate_seq; }; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern struct lockdep_map __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start_map; #endif struct mmu_notifier_range { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct mm_struct *mm; unsigned long start; unsigned long end; unsigned flags; enum mmu_notifier_event event; void *migrate_pgmap_owner; }; static inline int mm_has_notifiers(struct mm_struct *mm) { return unlikely(mm->notifier_subscriptions); } struct mmu_notifier *mmu_notifier_get_locked(const struct mmu_notifier_ops *ops, struct mm_struct *mm); static inline struct mmu_notifier * mmu_notifier_get(const struct mmu_notifier_ops *ops, struct mm_struct *mm) { struct mmu_notifier *ret; mmap_write_lock(mm); ret = mmu_notifier_get_locked(ops, mm); mmap_write_unlock(mm); return ret; } void mmu_notifier_put(struct mmu_notifier *subscription); void mmu_notifier_synchronize(void); extern int mmu_notifier_register(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm); extern int __mmu_notifier_register(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mmu_notifier_unregister(struct mmu_notifier *subscription, struct mm_struct *mm); unsigned long mmu_interval_read_begin(struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub); int mmu_interval_notifier_insert(struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long length, const struct mmu_interval_notifier_ops *ops); int mmu_interval_notifier_insert_locked( struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long length, const struct mmu_interval_notifier_ops *ops); void mmu_interval_notifier_remove(struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub); /** * mmu_interval_set_seq - Save the invalidation sequence * @interval_sub - The subscription passed to invalidate * @cur_seq - The cur_seq passed to the invalidate() callback * * This must be called unconditionally from the invalidate callback of a * struct mmu_interval_notifier_ops under the same lock that is used to call * mmu_interval_read_retry(). It updates the sequence number for later use by * mmu_interval_read_retry(). The provided cur_seq will always be odd. * * If the caller does not call mmu_interval_read_begin() or * mmu_interval_read_retry() then this call is not required. */ static inline void mmu_interval_set_seq(struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub, unsigned long cur_seq) { WRITE_ONCE(interval_sub->invalidate_seq, cur_seq); } /** * mmu_interval_read_retry - End a read side critical section against a VA range * interval_sub: The subscription * seq: The return of the paired mmu_interval_read_begin() * * This MUST be called under a user provided lock that is also held * unconditionally by op->invalidate() when it calls mmu_interval_set_seq(). * * Each call should be paired with a single mmu_interval_read_begin() and * should be used to conclude the read side. * * Returns true if an invalidation collided with this critical section, and * the caller should retry. */ static inline bool mmu_interval_read_retry(struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub, unsigned long seq) { return interval_sub->invalidate_seq != seq; } /** * mmu_interval_check_retry - Test if a collision has occurred * interval_sub: The subscription * seq: The return of the matching mmu_interval_read_begin() * * This can be used in the critical section between mmu_interval_read_begin() * and mmu_interval_read_retry(). A return of true indicates an invalidation * has collided with this critical region and a future * mmu_interval_read_retry() will return true. * * False is not reliable and only suggests a collision may not have * occured. It can be called many times and does not have to hold the user * provided lock. * * This call can be used as part of loops and other expensive operations to * expedite a retry. */ static inline bool mmu_interval_check_retry(struct mmu_interval_notifier *interval_sub, unsigned long seq) { /* Pairs with the WRITE_ONCE in mmu_interval_set_seq() */ return READ_ONCE(interval_sub->invalidate_seq) != seq; } extern void __mmu_notifier_subscriptions_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void __mmu_notifier_release(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int __mmu_notifier_clear_flush_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern int __mmu_notifier_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern int __mmu_notifier_test_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address); extern void __mmu_notifier_change_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t pte); extern int __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(struct mmu_notifier_range *r); extern void __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(struct mmu_notifier_range *r, bool only_end); extern void __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern bool mmu_notifier_range_update_to_read_only(const struct mmu_notifier_range *range); static inline bool mmu_notifier_range_blockable(const struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { return (range->flags & MMU_NOTIFIER_RANGE_BLOCKABLE); } static inline void mmu_notifier_release(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_has_notifiers(mm)) __mmu_notifier_release(mm); } static inline int mmu_notifier_clear_flush_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (mm_has_notifiers(mm)) return __mmu_notifier_clear_flush_young(mm, start, end); return 0; } static inline int mmu_notifier_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (mm_has_notifiers(mm)) return __mmu_notifier_clear_young(mm, start, end); return 0; } static inline int mmu_notifier_test_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address) { if (mm_has_notifiers(mm)) return __mmu_notifier_test_young(mm, address); return 0; } static inline void mmu_notifier_change_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t pte) { if (mm_has_notifiers(mm)) __mmu_notifier_change_pte(mm, address, pte); } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { might_sleep(); lock_map_acquire(&__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start_map); if (mm_has_notifiers(range->mm)) { range->flags |= MMU_NOTIFIER_RANGE_BLOCKABLE; __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } lock_map_release(&__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start_map); } static inline int mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start_nonblock(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { int ret = 0; lock_map_acquire(&__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start_map); if (mm_has_notifiers(range->mm)) { range->flags &= ~MMU_NOTIFIER_RANGE_BLOCKABLE; ret = __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } lock_map_release(&__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start_map); return ret; } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { if (mmu_notifier_range_blockable(range)) might_sleep(); if (mm_has_notifiers(range->mm)) __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range, false); } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { if (mm_has_notifiers(range->mm)) __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range, true); } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (mm_has_notifiers(mm)) __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(mm, start, end); } static inline void mmu_notifier_subscriptions_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->notifier_subscriptions = NULL; } static inline void mmu_notifier_subscriptions_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_has_notifiers(mm)) __mmu_notifier_subscriptions_destroy(mm); } static inline void mmu_notifier_range_init(struct mmu_notifier_range *range, enum mmu_notifier_event event, unsigned flags, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { range->vma = vma; range->event = event; range->mm = mm; range->start = start; range->end = end; range->flags = flags; } static inline void mmu_notifier_range_init_migrate( struct mmu_notifier_range *range, unsigned int flags, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, void *pgmap) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_MIGRATE, flags, vma, mm, start, end); range->migrate_pgmap_owner = pgmap; } #define ptep_clear_flush_young_notify(__vma, __address, __ptep) \ ({ \ int __young; \ struct vm_area_struct *___vma = __vma; \ unsigned long ___address = __address; \ __young = ptep_clear_flush_young(___vma, ___address, __ptep); \ __young |= mmu_notifier_clear_flush_young(___vma->vm_mm, \ ___address, \ ___address + \ PAGE_SIZE); \ __young; \ }) #define pmdp_clear_flush_young_notify(__vma, __address, __pmdp) \ ({ \ int __young; \ struct vm_area_struct *___vma = __vma; \ unsigned long ___address = __address; \ __young = pmdp_clear_flush_young(___vma, ___address, __pmdp); \ __young |= mmu_notifier_clear_flush_young(___vma->vm_mm, \ ___address, \ ___address + \ PMD_SIZE); \ __young; \ }) #define ptep_clear_young_notify(__vma, __address, __ptep) \ ({ \ int __young; \ struct vm_area_struct *___vma = __vma; \ unsigned long ___address = __address; \ __young = ptep_test_and_clear_young(___vma, ___address, __ptep);\ __young |= mmu_notifier_clear_young(___vma->vm_mm, ___address, \ ___address + PAGE_SIZE); \ __young; \ }) #define pmdp_clear_young_notify(__vma, __address, __pmdp) \ ({ \ int __young; \ struct vm_area_struct *___vma = __vma; \ unsigned long ___address = __address; \ __young = pmdp_test_and_clear_young(___vma, ___address, __pmdp);\ __young |= mmu_notifier_clear_young(___vma->vm_mm, ___address, \ ___address + PMD_SIZE); \ __young; \ }) #define ptep_clear_flush_notify(__vma, __address, __ptep) \ ({ \ unsigned long ___addr = __address & PAGE_MASK; \ struct mm_struct *___mm = (__vma)->vm_mm; \ pte_t ___pte; \ \ ___pte = ptep_clear_flush(__vma, __address, __ptep); \ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(___mm, ___addr, \ ___addr + PAGE_SIZE); \ \ ___pte; \ }) #define pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify(__vma, __haddr, __pmd) \ ({ \ unsigned long ___haddr = __haddr & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; \ struct mm_struct *___mm = (__vma)->vm_mm; \ pmd_t ___pmd; \ \ ___pmd = pmdp_huge_clear_flush(__vma, __haddr, __pmd); \ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(___mm, ___haddr, \ ___haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE); \ \ ___pmd; \ }) #define pudp_huge_clear_flush_notify(__vma, __haddr, __pud) \ ({ \ unsigned long ___haddr = __haddr & HPAGE_PUD_MASK; \ struct mm_struct *___mm = (__vma)->vm_mm; \ pud_t ___pud; \ \ ___pud = pudp_huge_clear_flush(__vma, __haddr, __pud); \ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(___mm, ___haddr, \ ___haddr + HPAGE_PUD_SIZE); \ \ ___pud; \ }) /* * set_pte_at_notify() sets the pte _after_ running the notifier. * This is safe to start by updating the secondary MMUs, because the primary MMU * pte invalidate must have already happened with a ptep_clear_flush() before * set_pte_at_notify() has been invoked. Updating the secondary MMUs first is * required when we change both the protection of the mapping from read-only to * read-write and the pfn (like during copy on write page faults). Otherwise the * old page would remain mapped readonly in the secondary MMUs after the new * page is already writable by some CPU through the primary MMU. */ #define set_pte_at_notify(__mm, __address, __ptep, __pte) \ ({ \ struct mm_struct *___mm = __mm; \ unsigned long ___address = __address; \ pte_t ___pte = __pte; \ \ mmu_notifier_change_pte(___mm, ___address, ___pte); \ set_pte_at(___mm, ___address, __ptep, ___pte); \ }) #else /* CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER */ struct mmu_notifier_range { unsigned long start; unsigned long end; }; static inline void _mmu_notifier_range_init(struct mmu_notifier_range *range, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { range->start = start; range->end = end; } #define mmu_notifier_range_init(range,event,flags,vma,mm,start,end) \ _mmu_notifier_range_init(range, start, end) #define mmu_notifier_range_init_migrate(range, flags, vma, mm, start, end, \ pgmap) \ _mmu_notifier_range_init(range, start, end) static inline bool mmu_notifier_range_blockable(const struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { return true; } static inline int mm_has_notifiers(struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mmu_notifier_release(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline int mmu_notifier_clear_flush_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return 0; } static inline int mmu_notifier_test_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mmu_notifier_change_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t pte) { } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { } static inline int mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start_nonblock(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { return 0; } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(struct mmu_notifier_range *range) { } static inline void mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { } static inline void mmu_notifier_subscriptions_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void mmu_notifier_subscriptions_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #define mmu_notifier_range_update_to_read_only(r) false #define ptep_clear_flush_young_notify ptep_clear_flush_young #define pmdp_clear_flush_young_notify pmdp_clear_flush_young #define ptep_clear_young_notify ptep_test_and_clear_young #define pmdp_clear_young_notify pmdp_test_and_clear_young #define ptep_clear_flush_notify ptep_clear_flush #define pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify pmdp_huge_clear_flush #define pudp_huge_clear_flush_notify pudp_huge_clear_flush #define set_pte_at_notify set_pte_at static inline void mmu_notifier_synchronize(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER */ #endif /* _LINUX_MMU_NOTIFIER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM 9p #if !defined(_TRACE_9P_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_9P_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define P9_MSG_T \ EM( P9_TLERROR, "P9_TLERROR" ) \ EM( P9_RLERROR, "P9_RLERROR" ) \ EM( P9_TSTATFS, "P9_TSTATFS" ) \ EM( P9_RSTATFS, "P9_RSTATFS" ) \ EM( P9_TLOPEN, "P9_TLOPEN" ) \ EM( P9_RLOPEN, "P9_RLOPEN" ) \ EM( P9_TLCREATE, "P9_TLCREATE" ) \ EM( P9_RLCREATE, "P9_RLCREATE" ) \ EM( P9_TSYMLINK, "P9_TSYMLINK" ) \ EM( P9_RSYMLINK, "P9_RSYMLINK" ) \ EM( P9_TMKNOD, "P9_TMKNOD" ) \ EM( P9_RMKNOD, "P9_RMKNOD" ) \ EM( P9_TRENAME, "P9_TRENAME" ) \ EM( P9_RRENAME, "P9_RRENAME" ) \ EM( P9_TREADLINK, "P9_TREADLINK" ) \ EM( P9_RREADLINK, "P9_RREADLINK" ) \ EM( P9_TGETATTR, "P9_TGETATTR" ) \ EM( P9_RGETATTR, "P9_RGETATTR" ) \ EM( P9_TSETATTR, "P9_TSETATTR" ) \ EM( P9_RSETATTR, "P9_RSETATTR" ) \ EM( P9_TXATTRWALK, "P9_TXATTRWALK" ) \ EM( P9_RXATTRWALK, "P9_RXATTRWALK" ) \ EM( P9_TXATTRCREATE, "P9_TXATTRCREATE" ) \ EM( P9_RXATTRCREATE, "P9_RXATTRCREATE" ) \ EM( P9_TREADDIR, "P9_TREADDIR" ) \ EM( P9_RREADDIR, "P9_RREADDIR" ) \ EM( P9_TFSYNC, "P9_TFSYNC" ) \ EM( P9_RFSYNC, "P9_RFSYNC" ) \ EM( P9_TLOCK, "P9_TLOCK" ) \ EM( P9_RLOCK, "P9_RLOCK" ) \ EM( P9_TGETLOCK, "P9_TGETLOCK" ) \ EM( P9_RGETLOCK, "P9_RGETLOCK" ) \ EM( P9_TLINK, "P9_TLINK" ) \ EM( P9_RLINK, "P9_RLINK" ) \ EM( P9_TMKDIR, "P9_TMKDIR" ) \ EM( P9_RMKDIR, "P9_RMKDIR" ) \ EM( P9_TRENAMEAT, "P9_TRENAMEAT" ) \ EM( P9_RRENAMEAT, "P9_RRENAMEAT" ) \ EM( P9_TUNLINKAT, "P9_TUNLINKAT" ) \ EM( P9_RUNLINKAT, "P9_RUNLINKAT" ) \ EM( P9_TVERSION, "P9_TVERSION" ) \ EM( P9_RVERSION, "P9_RVERSION" ) \ EM( P9_TAUTH, "P9_TAUTH" ) \ EM( P9_RAUTH, "P9_RAUTH" ) \ EM( P9_TATTACH, "P9_TATTACH" ) \ EM( P9_RATTACH, "P9_RATTACH" ) \ EM( P9_TERROR, "P9_TERROR" ) \ EM( P9_RERROR, "P9_RERROR" ) \ EM( P9_TFLUSH, "P9_TFLUSH" ) \ EM( P9_RFLUSH, "P9_RFLUSH" ) \ EM( P9_TWALK, "P9_TWALK" ) \ EM( P9_RWALK, "P9_RWALK" ) \ EM( P9_TOPEN, "P9_TOPEN" ) \ EM( P9_ROPEN, "P9_ROPEN" ) \ EM( P9_TCREATE, "P9_TCREATE" ) \ EM( P9_RCREATE, "P9_RCREATE" ) \ EM( P9_TREAD, "P9_TREAD" ) \ EM( P9_RREAD, "P9_RREAD" ) \ EM( P9_TWRITE, "P9_TWRITE" ) \ EM( P9_RWRITE, "P9_RWRITE" ) \ EM( P9_TCLUNK, "P9_TCLUNK" ) \ EM( P9_RCLUNK, "P9_RCLUNK" ) \ EM( P9_TREMOVE, "P9_TREMOVE" ) \ EM( P9_RREMOVE, "P9_RREMOVE" ) \ EM( P9_TSTAT, "P9_TSTAT" ) \ EM( P9_RSTAT, "P9_RSTAT" ) \ EM( P9_TWSTAT, "P9_TWSTAT" ) \ EMe(P9_RWSTAT, "P9_RWSTAT" ) /* Define EM() to export the enums to userspace via TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); P9_MSG_T /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) { a, b }, #define EMe(a, b) { a, b } #define show_9p_op(type) \ __print_symbolic(type, P9_MSG_T) TRACE_EVENT(9p_client_req, TP_PROTO(struct p9_client *clnt, int8_t type, int tag), TP_ARGS(clnt, type, tag), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, clnt ) __field( __u8, type ) __field( __u32, tag ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->clnt = clnt; __entry->type = type; __entry->tag = tag; ), TP_printk("client %lu request %s tag %d", (long)__entry->clnt, show_9p_op(__entry->type), __entry->tag) ); TRACE_EVENT(9p_client_res, TP_PROTO(struct p9_client *clnt, int8_t type, int tag, int err), TP_ARGS(clnt, type, tag, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, clnt ) __field( __u8, type ) __field( __u32, tag ) __field( __u32, err ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->clnt = clnt; __entry->type = type; __entry->tag = tag; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("client %lu response %s tag %d err %d", (long)__entry->clnt, show_9p_op(__entry->type), __entry->tag, __entry->err) ); /* dump 32 bytes of protocol data */ #define P9_PROTO_DUMP_SZ 32 TRACE_EVENT(9p_protocol_dump, TP_PROTO(struct p9_client *clnt, struct p9_fcall *pdu), TP_ARGS(clnt, pdu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, clnt ) __field( __u8, type ) __field( __u16, tag ) __array( unsigned char, line, P9_PROTO_DUMP_SZ ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->clnt = clnt; __entry->type = pdu->id; __entry->tag = pdu->tag; memcpy(__entry->line, pdu->sdata, P9_PROTO_DUMP_SZ); ), TP_printk("clnt %lu %s(tag = %d)\n%.3x: %16ph\n%.3x: %16ph\n", (unsigned long)__entry->clnt, show_9p_op(__entry->type), __entry->tag, 0, __entry->line, 16, __entry->line + 16) ); #endif /* _TRACE_9P_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
2 2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Derived from arch/ppc/mm/extable.c and arch/i386/mm/extable.c. * * Copyright (C) 2004 Paul Mackerras, IBM Corp. */ #include <linux/bsearch.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/sort.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/extable.h> #ifndef ARCH_HAS_RELATIVE_EXTABLE #define ex_to_insn(x) ((x)->insn) #else static inline unsigned long ex_to_insn(const struct exception_table_entry *x) { return (unsigned long)&x->insn + x->insn; } #endif #ifndef ARCH_HAS_SORT_EXTABLE #ifndef ARCH_HAS_RELATIVE_EXTABLE #define swap_ex NULL #else static void swap_ex(void *a, void *b, int size) { struct exception_table_entry *x = a, *y = b, tmp; int delta = b - a; tmp = *x; x->insn = y->insn + delta; y->insn = tmp.insn - delta; #ifdef swap_ex_entry_fixup swap_ex_entry_fixup(x, y, tmp, delta); #else x->fixup = y->fixup + delta; y->fixup = tmp.fixup - delta; #endif } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_RELATIVE_EXTABLE */ /* * The exception table needs to be sorted so that the binary * search that we use to find entries in it works properly. * This is used both for the kernel exception table and for * the exception tables of modules that get loaded. */ static int cmp_ex_sort(const void *a, const void *b) { const struct exception_table_entry *x = a, *y = b; /* avoid overflow */ if (ex_to_insn(x) > ex_to_insn(y)) return 1; if (ex_to_insn(x) < ex_to_insn(y)) return -1; return 0; } void sort_extable(struct exception_table_entry *start, struct exception_table_entry *finish) { sort(start, finish - start, sizeof(struct exception_table_entry), cmp_ex_sort, swap_ex); } #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES /* * If the exception table is sorted, any referring to the module init * will be at the beginning or the end. */ void trim_init_extable(struct module *m) { /*trim the beginning*/ while (m->num_exentries && within_module_init(ex_to_insn(&m->extable[0]), m)) { m->extable++; m->num_exentries--; } /*trim the end*/ while (m->num_exentries && within_module_init(ex_to_insn(&m->extable[m->num_exentries - 1]), m)) m->num_exentries--; } #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */ #endif /* !ARCH_HAS_SORT_EXTABLE */ #ifndef ARCH_HAS_SEARCH_EXTABLE static int cmp_ex_search(const void *key, const void *elt) { const struct exception_table_entry *_elt = elt; unsigned long _key = *(unsigned long *)key; /* avoid overflow */ if (_key > ex_to_insn(_elt)) return 1; if (_key < ex_to_insn(_elt)) return -1; return 0; } /* * Search one exception table for an entry corresponding to the * given instruction address, and return the address of the entry, * or NULL if none is found. * We use a binary search, and thus we assume that the table is * already sorted. */ const struct exception_table_entry * search_extable(const struct exception_table_entry *base, const size_t num, unsigned long value) { return bsearch(&value, base, num, sizeof(struct exception_table_entry), cmp_ex_search); } #endif
3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Pentium III FXSR, SSE support * General FPU state handling cleanups * Gareth Hughes <gareth@valinux.com>, May 2000 * x86-64 work by Andi Kleen 2002 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #define _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/user.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/xcr.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #include <asm/trace/fpu.h> /* * High level FPU state handling functions: */ extern void fpu__prepare_read(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, int ia32_frame); extern void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src); extern void fpu__clear_user_states(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__clear_all(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr); /* * Boot time FPU initialization functions: */ extern void fpu__init_cpu(void); extern void fpu__init_system_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_cpu_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_system(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); extern void fpu__init_check_bugs(void); extern void fpu__resume_cpu(void); extern u64 fpu__get_supported_xfeatures_mask(void); /* * Debugging facility: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) WARN_ON_ONCE(x) #else # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) ({ (void)(x); 0; }) #endif /* * FPU related CPU feature flag helper routines: */ static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsaveopt(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsave(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_fxsr(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR); } /* * fpstate handling functions: */ extern union fpregs_state init_fpstate; extern void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state); #ifdef CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION extern void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft); #else static inline void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft) {} #endif static inline void fpstate_init_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave) { /* * XRSTORS requires these bits set in xcomp_bv, or it will * trigger #GP: */ xsave->header.xcomp_bv = XCOMP_BV_COMPACTED_FORMAT | xfeatures_mask_all; } static inline void fpstate_init_fxstate(struct fxregs_state *fx) { fx->cwd = 0x37f; fx->mxcsr = MXCSR_DEFAULT; } extern void fpstate_sanitize_xstate(struct fpu *fpu); /* Returns 0 or the negated trap number, which results in -EFAULT for #PF */ #define user_insn(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ \ might_fault(); \ \ asm volatile(ASM_STAC "\n" \ "1: " #insn "\n" \ "2: " ASM_CLAC "\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: negl %%eax\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn_err(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: movl $-1,%[err]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=r" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn(insn, output, input...) \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_fprestore) \ : output : input) static inline int copy_fregs_to_user(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(fnsave %[fx]; fwait, [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_fxregs_to_user(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxsave %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxsaveq %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) kernel_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else kernel_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fxregs_err(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return kernel_insn_err(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return kernel_insn_err(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fregs(struct fregs_state *fx) { kernel_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fregs_err(struct fregs_state *fx) { return kernel_insn_err(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fregs(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_fxregs_to_kernel(struct fpu *fpu) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); } static inline void fxsave(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); } /* These macros all use (%edi)/(%rdi) as the single memory argument. */ #define XSAVE ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x27" #define XSAVEOPT ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x37" #define XSAVES ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x2f" #define XRSTOR ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x2f" #define XRSTORS ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x1f" /* * After this @err contains 0 on success or the negated trap number when * the operation raises an exception. For faults this results in -EFAULT. */ #define XSTATE_OP(op, st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile("1:" op "\n\t" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "2:\n\t" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" \ "3: negl %%eax\n\t" \ "jmp 2b\n\t" \ ".popsection\n\t" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * If XSAVES is enabled, it replaces XSAVEOPT because it supports a compact * format and supervisor states in addition to modified optimization in * XSAVEOPT. * * Otherwise, if XSAVEOPT is enabled, XSAVEOPT replaces XSAVE because XSAVEOPT * supports modified optimization which is not supported by XSAVE. * * We use XSAVE as a fallback. * * The 661 label is defined in the ALTERNATIVE* macros as the address of the * original instruction which gets replaced. We need to use it here as the * address of the instruction where we might get an exception at. */ #define XSTATE_XSAVE(st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2(XSAVE, \ XSAVEOPT, X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT, \ XSAVES, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: movl $-2, %[err]\n" \ "jmp 3b\n" \ ".popsection\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(661b, 4b) \ : [err] "=r" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * Use XRSTORS to restore context if it is enabled. XRSTORS supports compact * XSAVE area format. */ #define XSTATE_XRESTORE(st, lmask, hmask) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(XRSTOR, \ XRSTORS, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "3:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(661b, 3b, ex_handler_fprestore)\ : \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * This function is called only during boot time when x86 caps are not set * up and alternative can not be used yet. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs_booting(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = -1; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON(system_state != SYSTEM_BOOTING); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* * We should never fault when copying from a kernel buffer, and the FPU * state we set at boot time should be valid. */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Save processor xstate to xsave area. */ static inline void copy_xregs_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_all; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON_FPU(!alternatives_patched); XSTATE_XSAVE(xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* We should never fault when copying to a kernel buffer: */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Restore processor xstate from xsave area. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; XSTATE_XRESTORE(xstate, lmask, hmask); } /* * Save xstate to user space xsave area. * * We don't use modified optimization because xrstor/xrstors might track * a different application. * * We don't use compacted format xsave area for * backward compatibility for old applications which don't understand * compacted format of xsave area. */ static inline int copy_xregs_to_user(struct xregs_state __user *buf) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_user(); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; /* * Clear the xsave header first, so that reserved fields are * initialized to zero. */ err = __clear_user(&buf->header, sizeof(buf->header)); if (unlikely(err)) return -EFAULT; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XSAVE, buf, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from user space xsave area. */ static inline int copy_user_to_xregs(struct xregs_state __user *buf, u64 mask) { struct xregs_state *xstate = ((__force struct xregs_state *)buf); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from kernel space xsave area, return an error code instead of * an exception. */ static inline int copy_kernel_to_xregs_err(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); return err; } extern int copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(struct fpu *fpu); static inline void __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate, u64 mask) { if (use_xsave()) { copy_kernel_to_xregs(&fpstate->xsave, mask); } else { if (use_fxsr()) copy_kernel_to_fxregs(&fpstate->fxsave); else copy_kernel_to_fregs(&fpstate->fsave); } } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate) { /* * AMD K7/K8 CPUs don't save/restore FDP/FIP/FOP unless an exception is * pending. Clear the x87 state here by setting it to fixed values. * "m" is a random variable that should be in L1. */ if (unlikely(static_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_FXSAVE_LEAK))) { asm volatile( "fnclex\n\t" "emms\n\t" "fildl %P[addr]" /* set F?P to defined value */ : : [addr] "m" (fpstate)); } __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(fpstate, -1); } extern int copy_fpstate_to_sigframe(void __user *buf, void __user *fp, int size); /* * FPU context switch related helper methods: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct fpu *, fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx); /* * The in-register FPU state for an FPU context on a CPU is assumed to be * valid if the fpu->last_cpu matches the CPU, and the fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx * matches the FPU. * * If the FPU register state is valid, the kernel can skip restoring the * FPU state from memory. * * Any code that clobbers the FPU registers or updates the in-memory * FPU state for a task MUST let the rest of the kernel know that the * FPU registers are no longer valid for this task. * * Either one of these invalidation functions is enough. Invalidate * a resource you control: CPU if using the CPU for something else * (with preemption disabled), FPU for the current task, or a task that * is prevented from running by the current task. */ static inline void __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(void) { __this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); } static inline void __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu->last_cpu = -1; } static inline int fpregs_state_valid(struct fpu *fpu, unsigned int cpu) { return fpu == this_cpu_read(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx) && cpu == fpu->last_cpu; } /* * These generally need preemption protection to work, * do try to avoid using these on their own: */ static inline void fpregs_deactivate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(fpu); } static inline void fpregs_activate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, fpu); trace_x86_fpu_regs_activated(fpu); } /* * Internal helper, do not use directly. Use switch_fpu_return() instead. */ static inline void __fpregs_load_activate(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; int cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) return; if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, cpu)) { copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state); fpregs_activate(fpu); fpu->last_cpu = cpu; } clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); } /* * FPU state switching for scheduling. * * This is a two-stage process: * * - switch_fpu_prepare() saves the old state. * This is done within the context of the old process. * * - switch_fpu_finish() sets TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD; the floating point state * will get loaded on return to userspace, or when the kernel needs it. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is cleared then the CPU's FPU registers * are saved in the current thread's FPU register state. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is set then CPU's FPU registers may not * hold current()'s FPU registers. It is required to load the * registers before returning to userland or using the content * otherwise. * * The FPU context is only stored/restored for a user task and * PF_KTHREAD is used to distinguish between kernel and user threads. */ static inline void switch_fpu_prepare(struct fpu *old_fpu, int cpu) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU) && !(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(old_fpu)) old_fpu->last_cpu = -1; else old_fpu->last_cpu = cpu; /* But leave fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx! */ trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(old_fpu); } } /* * Misc helper functions: */ /* * Load PKRU from the FPU context if available. Delay loading of the * complete FPU state until the return to userland. */ static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu) { u32 pkru_val = init_pkru_value; struct pkru_state *pk; if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return; set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* * PKRU state is switched eagerly because it needs to be valid before we * return to userland e.g. for a copy_to_user() operation. */ if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { /* * If the PKRU bit in xsave.header.xfeatures is not set, * then the PKRU component was in init state, which means * XRSTOR will set PKRU to 0. If the bit is not set then * get_xsave_addr() will return NULL because the PKRU value * in memory is not valid. This means pkru_val has to be * set to 0 and not to init_pkru_value. */ pk = get_xsave_addr(&new_fpu->state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); pkru_val = pk ? pk->pkru : 0; } __write_pkru(pkru_val); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Portions of this file * Copyright (C) 2018 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #include "core.h" int nl80211_init(void); void nl80211_exit(void); void *nl80211hdr_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int flags, u8 cmd); bool nl80211_put_sta_rate(struct sk_buff *msg, struct rate_info *info, int attr); static inline u64 wdev_id(struct wireless_dev *wdev) { return (u64)wdev->identifier | ((u64)wiphy_to_rdev(wdev->wiphy)->wiphy_idx << 32); } int nl80211_prepare_wdev_dump(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct cfg80211_registered_device **rdev, struct wireless_dev **wdev); int nl80211_parse_chandef(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct genl_info *info, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int nl80211_parse_random_mac(struct nlattr **attrs, u8 *mac_addr, u8 *mac_addr_mask); void nl80211_notify_wiphy(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_notify_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_send_scan_start(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); struct sk_buff *nl80211_build_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, bool aborted); void nl80211_send_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct sk_buff *msg); void nl80211_send_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, u32 cmd); void nl80211_common_reg_change_event(enum nl80211_commands cmd_id, struct regulatory_request *request); static inline void nl80211_send_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_REG_CHANGE, request); } static inline void nl80211_send_wiphy_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_WIPHY_REG_CHANGE, request); } void nl80211_send_rx_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_rx_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp, int uapsd_queues, const u8 *req_ies, size_t req_ies_len); void nl80211_send_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_auth_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_assoc_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_connect_result(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_roamed(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_port_authorized(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid); void nl80211_send_disconnected(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, u16 reason, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, bool from_ap); void nl80211_michael_mic_failure(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, enum nl80211_key_type key_type, int key_id, const u8 *tsc, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_beacon_hint_event(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_before, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_after); void nl80211_send_ibss_bssid(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid, gfp_t gfp); int nl80211_send_mgmt(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid, int freq, int sig_dbm, const u8 *buf, size_t len, u32 flags, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_radar_notify(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_radar_event event, struct net_device *netdev, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_ap_stopped(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_rdev_free_coalesce(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* peer measurement */ int nl80211_pmsr_start(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int nl80211_pmsr_dump_results(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); #endif /* __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_ERR_H #define _LINUX_ERR_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/errno.h> /* * Kernel pointers have redundant information, so we can use a * scheme where we can return either an error code or a normal * pointer with the same return value. * * This should be a per-architecture thing, to allow different * error and pointer decisions. */ #define MAX_ERRNO 4095 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define IS_ERR_VALUE(x) unlikely((unsigned long)(void *)(x) >= (unsigned long)-MAX_ERRNO) static inline void * __must_check ERR_PTR(long error) { return (void *) error; } static inline long __must_check PTR_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return (long) ptr; } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__force const void *ptr) { return unlikely(!ptr) || IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } /** * ERR_CAST - Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type * @ptr: The pointer to cast. * * Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type in such a * way as to make it clear that's what's going on. */ static inline void * __must_check ERR_CAST(__force const void *ptr) { /* cast away the const */ return (void *) ptr; } static inline int __must_check PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(__force const void *ptr) { if (IS_ERR(ptr)) return PTR_ERR(ptr); else return 0; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_ERR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * hrtimers - High-resolution kernel timers * * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * * data type definitions, declarations, prototypes * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar */ #ifndef _LINUX_HRTIMER_H #define _LINUX_HRTIMER_H #include <linux/hrtimer_defs.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/timerqueue.h> struct hrtimer_clock_base; struct hrtimer_cpu_base; /* * Mode arguments of xxx_hrtimer functions: * * HRTIMER_MODE_ABS - Time value is absolute * HRTIMER_MODE_REL - Time value is relative to now * HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED - Timer is bound to CPU (is only considered * when starting the timer) * HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT - Timer callback function will be executed in * soft irq context * HRTIMER_MODE_HARD - Timer callback function will be executed in * hard irq context even on PREEMPT_RT. */ enum hrtimer_mode { HRTIMER_MODE_ABS = 0x00, HRTIMER_MODE_REL = 0x01, HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED = 0x02, HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT = 0x04, HRTIMER_MODE_HARD = 0x08, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, }; /* * Return values for the callback function */ enum hrtimer_restart { HRTIMER_NORESTART, /* Timer is not restarted */ HRTIMER_RESTART, /* Timer must be restarted */ }; /* * Values to track state of the timer * * Possible states: * * 0x00 inactive * 0x01 enqueued into rbtree * * The callback state is not part of the timer->state because clearing it would * mean touching the timer after the callback, this makes it impossible to free * the timer from the callback function. * * Therefore we track the callback state in: * * timer->base->cpu_base->running == timer * * On SMP it is possible to have a "callback function running and enqueued" * status. It happens for example when a posix timer expired and the callback * queued a signal. Between dropping the lock which protects the posix timer * and reacquiring the base lock of the hrtimer, another CPU can deliver the * signal and rearm the timer. * * All state transitions are protected by cpu_base->lock. */ #define HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE 0x00 #define HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED 0x01 /** * struct hrtimer - the basic hrtimer structure * @node: timerqueue node, which also manages node.expires, * the absolute expiry time in the hrtimers internal * representation. The time is related to the clock on * which the timer is based. Is setup by adding * slack to the _softexpires value. For non range timers * identical to _softexpires. * @_softexpires: the absolute earliest expiry time of the hrtimer. * The time which was given as expiry time when the timer * was armed. * @function: timer expiry callback function * @base: pointer to the timer base (per cpu and per clock) * @state: state information (See bit values above) * @is_rel: Set if the timer was armed relative * @is_soft: Set if hrtimer will be expired in soft interrupt context. * @is_hard: Set if hrtimer will be expired in hard interrupt context * even on RT. * * The hrtimer structure must be initialized by hrtimer_init() */ struct hrtimer { struct timerqueue_node node; ktime_t _softexpires; enum hrtimer_restart (*function)(struct hrtimer *); struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; u8 state; u8 is_rel; u8 is_soft; u8 is_hard; }; /** * struct hrtimer_sleeper - simple sleeper structure * @timer: embedded timer structure * @task: task to wake up * * task is set to NULL, when the timer expires. */ struct hrtimer_sleeper { struct hrtimer timer; struct task_struct *task; }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT # define __hrtimer_clock_base_align ____cacheline_aligned #else # define __hrtimer_clock_base_align #endif /** * struct hrtimer_clock_base - the timer base for a specific clock * @cpu_base: per cpu clock base * @index: clock type index for per_cpu support when moving a * timer to a base on another cpu. * @clockid: clock id for per_cpu support * @seq: seqcount around __run_hrtimer * @running: pointer to the currently running hrtimer * @active: red black tree root node for the active timers * @get_time: function to retrieve the current time of the clock * @offset: offset of this clock to the monotonic base */ struct hrtimer_clock_base { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base; unsigned int index; clockid_t clockid; seqcount_raw_spinlock_t seq; struct hrtimer *running; struct timerqueue_head active; ktime_t (*get_time)(void); ktime_t offset; } __hrtimer_clock_base_align; enum hrtimer_base_type { HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME, HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME, HRTIMER_BASE_TAI, HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_TAI_SOFT, HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES, }; /** * struct hrtimer_cpu_base - the per cpu clock bases * @lock: lock protecting the base and associated clock bases * and timers * @cpu: cpu number * @active_bases: Bitfield to mark bases with active timers * @clock_was_set_seq: Sequence counter of clock was set events * @hres_active: State of high resolution mode * @in_hrtirq: hrtimer_interrupt() is currently executing * @hang_detected: The last hrtimer interrupt detected a hang * @softirq_activated: displays, if the softirq is raised - update of softirq * related settings is not required then. * @nr_events: Total number of hrtimer interrupt events * @nr_retries: Total number of hrtimer interrupt retries * @nr_hangs: Total number of hrtimer interrupt hangs * @max_hang_time: Maximum time spent in hrtimer_interrupt * @softirq_expiry_lock: Lock which is taken while softirq based hrtimer are * expired * @timer_waiters: A hrtimer_cancel() invocation waits for the timer * callback to finish. * @expires_next: absolute time of the next event, is required for remote * hrtimer enqueue; it is the total first expiry time (hard * and soft hrtimer are taken into account) * @next_timer: Pointer to the first expiring timer * @softirq_expires_next: Time to check, if soft queues needs also to be expired * @softirq_next_timer: Pointer to the first expiring softirq based timer * @clock_base: array of clock bases for this cpu * * Note: next_timer is just an optimization for __remove_hrtimer(). * Do not dereference the pointer because it is not reliable on * cross cpu removals. */ struct hrtimer_cpu_base { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int cpu; unsigned int active_bases; unsigned int clock_was_set_seq; unsigned int hres_active : 1, in_hrtirq : 1, hang_detected : 1, softirq_activated : 1; #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS unsigned int nr_events; unsigned short nr_retries; unsigned short nr_hangs; unsigned int max_hang_time; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT spinlock_t softirq_expiry_lock; atomic_t timer_waiters; #endif ktime_t expires_next; struct hrtimer *next_timer; ktime_t softirq_expires_next; struct hrtimer *softirq_next_timer; struct hrtimer_clock_base clock_base[HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES]; } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline void hrtimer_set_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time) { timer->node.expires = time; timer->_softexpires = time; } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, ktime_t delta) { timer->_softexpires = time; timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(time, delta); } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, u64 delta) { timer->_softexpires = time; timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(time, ns_to_ktime(delta)); } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_tv64(struct hrtimer *timer, s64 tv64) { timer->node.expires = tv64; timer->_softexpires = tv64; } static inline void hrtimer_add_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time) { timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(timer->node.expires, time); timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_safe(timer->_softexpires, time); } static inline void hrtimer_add_expires_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, u64 ns) { timer->node.expires = ktime_add_ns(timer->node.expires, ns); timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_ns(timer->_softexpires, ns); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_expires(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->node.expires; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_softexpires(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->_softexpires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->node.expires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_softexpires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->_softexpires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_ns(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return ktime_to_ns(timer->node.expires); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_expires_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, timer->base->get_time()); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_cb_get_time(struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->base->get_time(); } static inline int hrtimer_is_hres_active(struct hrtimer *timer) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS) ? timer->base->cpu_base->hres_active : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS struct clock_event_device; extern void hrtimer_interrupt(struct clock_event_device *dev); extern unsigned int hrtimer_resolution; #else #define hrtimer_resolution (unsigned int)LOW_RES_NSEC #endif static inline ktime_t __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now) { ktime_t rem = ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, now); /* * Adjust relative timers for the extra we added in * hrtimer_start_range_ns() to prevent short timeouts. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && timer->is_rel) rem -= hrtimer_resolution; return rem; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer, timer->base->get_time()); } #ifdef CONFIG_TIMERFD extern void timerfd_clock_was_set(void); #else static inline void timerfd_clock_was_set(void) { } #endif extern void hrtimers_resume(void); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct tick_device, tick_cpu_device); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT void hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(const struct hrtimer *timer); #else static inline void hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(struct hrtimer *timer) { cpu_relax(); } #endif /* Exported timer functions: */ /* Initialize timers: */ extern void hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void hrtimer_init_sleeper(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_TIMERS extern void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer); #else static inline void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_init(timer, which_clock, mode); } static inline void hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_init_sleeper(sl, clock_id, mode); } static inline void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer) { } #endif /* Basic timer operations: */ extern void hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, u64 range_ns, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); /** * hrtimer_start - (re)start an hrtimer * @timer: the timer to be added * @tim: expiry time * @mode: timer mode: absolute (HRTIMER_MODE_ABS) or * relative (HRTIMER_MODE_REL), and pinned (HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED); * softirq based mode is considered for debug purpose only! */ static inline void hrtimer_start(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, tim, 0, mode); } extern int hrtimer_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer); extern int hrtimer_try_to_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer); static inline void hrtimer_start_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { u64 delta; ktime_t soft, hard; soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(timer); hard = hrtimer_get_expires(timer); delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft)); hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, soft, delta, mode); } void hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, enum hrtimer_mode mode); static inline void hrtimer_restart(struct hrtimer *timer) { hrtimer_start_expires(timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); } /* Query timers: */ extern ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust); static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return __hrtimer_get_remaining(timer, false); } extern u64 hrtimer_get_next_event(void); extern u64 hrtimer_next_event_without(const struct hrtimer *exclude); extern bool hrtimer_active(const struct hrtimer *timer); /** * hrtimer_is_queued = check, whether the timer is on one of the queues * @timer: Timer to check * * Returns: True if the timer is queued, false otherwise * * The function can be used lockless, but it gives only a current snapshot. */ static inline bool hrtimer_is_queued(struct hrtimer *timer) { /* The READ_ONCE pairs with the update functions of timer->state */ return !!(READ_ONCE(timer->state) & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED); } /* * Helper function to check, whether the timer is running the callback * function */ static inline int hrtimer_callback_running(struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->base->running == timer; } /* Forward a hrtimer so it expires after now: */ extern u64 hrtimer_forward(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now, ktime_t interval); /** * hrtimer_forward_now - forward the timer expiry so it expires after now * @timer: hrtimer to forward * @interval: the interval to forward * * Forward the timer expiry so it will expire after the current time * of the hrtimer clock base. Returns the number of overruns. * * Can be safely called from the callback function of @timer. If * called from other contexts @timer must neither be enqueued nor * running the callback and the caller needs to take care of * serialization. * * Note: This only updates the timer expiry value and does not requeue * the timer. */ static inline u64 hrtimer_forward_now(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t interval) { return hrtimer_forward(timer, timer->base->get_time(), interval); } /* Precise sleep: */ extern int nanosleep_copyout(struct restart_block *, struct timespec64 *); extern long hrtimer_nanosleep(ktime_t rqtp, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, const clockid_t clockid); extern int schedule_hrtimeout_range(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern int schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, clockid_t clock_id); extern int schedule_hrtimeout(ktime_t *expires, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); /* Soft interrupt function to run the hrtimer queues: */ extern void hrtimer_run_queues(void); /* Bootup initialization: */ extern void __init hrtimers_init(void); /* Show pending timers: */ extern void sysrq_timer_list_show(void); int hrtimers_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU int hrtimers_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define hrtimers_dead_cpu NULL #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NAMEI_H #define _LINUX_NAMEI_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/errno.h> enum { MAX_NESTED_LINKS = 8 }; #define MAXSYMLINKS 40 /* * Type of the last component on LOOKUP_PARENT */ enum {LAST_NORM, LAST_ROOT, LAST_DOT, LAST_DOTDOT}; /* pathwalk mode */ #define LOOKUP_FOLLOW 0x0001 /* follow links at the end */ #define LOOKUP_DIRECTORY 0x0002 /* require a directory */ #define LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT 0x0004 /* force terminal automount */ #define LOOKUP_EMPTY 0x4000 /* accept empty path [user_... only] */ #define LOOKUP_DOWN 0x8000 /* follow mounts in the starting point */ #define LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT 0x0080 /* follow mounts in the end */ #define LOOKUP_REVAL 0x0020 /* tell ->d_revalidate() to trust no cache */ #define LOOKUP_RCU 0x0040 /* RCU pathwalk mode; semi-internal */ /* These tell filesystem methods that we are dealing with the final component... */ #define LOOKUP_OPEN 0x0100 /* ... in open */ #define LOOKUP_CREATE 0x0200 /* ... in object creation */ #define LOOKUP_EXCL 0x0400 /* ... in exclusive creation */ #define LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET 0x0800 /* ... in destination of rename() */ /* internal use only */ #define LOOKUP_PARENT 0x0010 #define LOOKUP_JUMPED 0x1000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT 0x2000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED 0x0008 /* Scoping flags for lookup. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS 0x010000 /* No symlink crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS 0x020000 /* No nd_jump_link() crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_XDEV 0x040000 /* No mountpoint crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_BENEATH 0x080000 /* No escaping from starting point. */ #define LOOKUP_IN_ROOT 0x100000 /* Treat dirfd as fs root. */ /* LOOKUP_* flags which do scope-related checks based on the dirfd. */ #define LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT) extern int path_pts(struct path *path); extern int user_path_at_empty(int, const char __user *, unsigned, struct path *, int *empty); static inline int user_path_at(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { return user_path_at_empty(dfd, name, flags, path, NULL); } extern int kern_path(const char *, unsigned, struct path *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_create(int, const char *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern struct dentry *user_path_create(int, const char __user *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern void done_path_create(struct path *, struct dentry *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *, struct path *); extern struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern int follow_down_one(struct path *); extern int follow_down(struct path *); extern int follow_up(struct path *); extern struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern void unlock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern int __must_check nd_jump_link(struct path *path); static inline void nd_terminate_link(void *name, size_t len, size_t maxlen) { ((char *) name)[min(len, maxlen)] = '\0'; } /** * retry_estale - determine whether the caller should retry an operation * @error: the error that would currently be returned * @flags: flags being used for next lookup attempt * * Check to see if the error code was -ESTALE, and then determine whether * to retry the call based on whether "flags" already has LOOKUP_REVAL set. * * Returns true if the caller should try the operation again. */ static inline bool retry_estale(const long error, const unsigned int flags) { return error == -ESTALE && !(flags & LOOKUP_REVAL); } #endif /* _LINUX_NAMEI_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_MM_INLINE_H #define LINUX_MM_INLINE_H #include <linux/huge_mm.h> #include <linux/swap.h> /** * page_is_file_lru - should the page be on a file LRU or anon LRU? * @page: the page to test * * Returns 1 if @page is a regular filesystem backed page cache page or a lazily * freed anonymous page (e.g. via MADV_FREE). Returns 0 if @page is a normal * anonymous page, a tmpfs page or otherwise ram or swap backed page. Used by * functions that manipulate the LRU lists, to sort a page onto the right LRU * list. * * We would like to get this info without a page flag, but the state * needs to survive until the page is last deleted from the LRU, which * could be as far down as __page_cache_release. */ static inline int page_is_file_lru(struct page *page) { return !PageSwapBacked(page); } static __always_inline void __update_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, enum zone_type zid, int nr_pages) { struct pglist_data *pgdat = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec); __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, NR_LRU_BASE + lru, nr_pages); __mod_zone_page_state(&pgdat->node_zones[zid], NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE + lru, nr_pages); } static __always_inline void update_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, enum zone_type zid, int nr_pages) { __update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zid, nr_pages); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG mem_cgroup_update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zid, nr_pages); #endif } static __always_inline void add_page_to_lru_list(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru) { update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, page_zonenum(page), thp_nr_pages(page)); list_add(&page->lru, &lruvec->lists[lru]); } static __always_inline void add_page_to_lru_list_tail(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru) { update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, page_zonenum(page), thp_nr_pages(page)); list_add_tail(&page->lru, &lruvec->lists[lru]); } static __always_inline void del_page_from_lru_list(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru) { list_del(&page->lru); update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, page_zonenum(page), -thp_nr_pages(page)); } /** * page_lru_base_type - which LRU list type should a page be on? * @page: the page to test * * Used for LRU list index arithmetic. * * Returns the base LRU type - file or anon - @page should be on. */ static inline enum lru_list page_lru_base_type(struct page *page) { if (page_is_file_lru(page)) return LRU_INACTIVE_FILE; return LRU_INACTIVE_ANON; } /** * page_off_lru - which LRU list was page on? clearing its lru flags. * @page: the page to test * * Returns the LRU list a page was on, as an index into the array of LRU * lists; and clears its Unevictable or Active flags, ready for freeing. */ static __always_inline enum lru_list page_off_lru(struct page *page) { enum lru_list lru; if (PageUnevictable(page)) { __ClearPageUnevictable(page); lru = LRU_UNEVICTABLE; } else { lru = page_lru_base_type(page); if (PageActive(page)) { __ClearPageActive(page); lru += LRU_ACTIVE; } } return lru; } /** * page_lru - which LRU list should a page be on? * @page: the page to test * * Returns the LRU list a page should be on, as an index * into the array of LRU lists. */ static __always_inline enum lru_list page_lru(struct page *page) { enum lru_list lru; if (PageUnevictable(page)) lru = LRU_UNEVICTABLE; else { lru = page_lru_base_type(page); if (PageActive(page)) lru += LRU_ACTIVE; } return lru; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #define _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #include <asm/clocksource.h> #include <asm/pvclock-abi.h> /* some helper functions for xen and kvm pv clock sources */ u64 pvclock_clocksource_read(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); u8 pvclock_read_flags(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_set_flags(u8 flags); unsigned long pvclock_tsc_khz(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_read_wallclock(struct pvclock_wall_clock *wall, struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *vcpu, struct timespec64 *ts); void pvclock_resume(void); void pvclock_touch_watchdogs(void); static __always_inline unsigned pvclock_read_begin(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src) { unsigned version = src->version & ~1; /* Make sure that the version is read before the data. */ virt_rmb(); return version; } static __always_inline bool pvclock_read_retry(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, unsigned version) { /* Make sure that the version is re-read after the data. */ virt_rmb(); return unlikely(version != src->version); } /* * Scale a 64-bit delta by scaling and multiplying by a 32-bit fraction, * yielding a 64-bit result. */ static inline u64 pvclock_scale_delta(u64 delta, u32 mul_frac, int shift) { u64 product; #ifdef __i386__ u32 tmp1, tmp2; #else ulong tmp; #endif if (shift < 0) delta >>= -shift; else delta <<= shift; #ifdef __i386__ __asm__ ( "mul %5 ; " "mov %4,%%eax ; " "mov %%edx,%4 ; " "mul %5 ; " "xor %5,%5 ; " "add %4,%%eax ; " "adc %5,%%edx ; " : "=A" (product), "=r" (tmp1), "=r" (tmp2) : "a" ((u32)delta), "1" ((u32)(delta >> 32)), "2" (mul_frac) ); #elif defined(__x86_64__) __asm__ ( "mulq %[mul_frac] ; shrd $32, %[hi], %[lo]" : [lo]"=a"(product), [hi]"=d"(tmp) : "0"(delta), [mul_frac]"rm"((u64)mul_frac)); #else #error implement me! #endif return product; } static __always_inline u64 __pvclock_read_cycles(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, u64 tsc) { u64 delta = tsc - src->tsc_timestamp; u64 offset = pvclock_scale_delta(delta, src->tsc_to_system_mul, src->tsc_shift); return src->system_time + offset; } struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info { struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info pvti; } __attribute__((__aligned__(SMP_CACHE_BYTES))); #define PVTI_SIZE sizeof(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_CLOCK void pvclock_set_pvti_cpu0_va(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvti); struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void); #else static inline struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void) { return NULL; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H */
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache.