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3599 3600 3601 3602 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * 'tty_io.c' gives an orthogonal feeling to tty's, be they consoles * or rs-channels. It also implements echoing, cooked mode etc. * * Kill-line thanks to John T Kohl, who also corrected VMIN = VTIME = 0. * * Modified by Theodore Ts'o, 9/14/92, to dynamically allocate the * tty_struct and tty_queue structures. Previously there was an array * of 256 tty_struct's which was statically allocated, and the * tty_queue structures were allocated at boot time. Both are now * dynamically allocated only when the tty is open. * * Also restructured routines so that there is more of a separation * between the high-level tty routines (tty_io.c and tty_ioctl.c) and * the low-level tty routines (serial.c, pty.c, console.c). This * makes for cleaner and more compact code. -TYT, 9/17/92 * * Modified by Fred N. van Kempen, 01/29/93, to add line disciplines * which can be dynamically activated and de-activated by the line * discipline handling modules (like SLIP). * * NOTE: pay no attention to the line discipline code (yet); its * interface is still subject to change in this version... * -- TYT, 1/31/92 * * Added functionality to the OPOST tty handling. No delays, but all * other bits should be there. * -- Nick Holloway <alfie@dcs.warwick.ac.uk>, 27th May 1993. * * Rewrote canonical mode and added more termios flags. * -- julian@uhunix.uhcc.hawaii.edu (J. Cowley), 13Jan94 * * Reorganized FASYNC support so mouse code can share it. * -- ctm@ardi.com, 9Sep95 * * New TIOCLINUX variants added. * -- mj@k332.feld.cvut.cz, 19-Nov-95 * * Restrict vt switching via ioctl() * -- grif@cs.ucr.edu, 5-Dec-95 * * Move console and virtual terminal code to more appropriate files, * implement CONFIG_VT and generalize console device interface. * -- Marko Kohtala <Marko.Kohtala@hut.fi>, March 97 * * Rewrote tty_init_dev and tty_release_dev to eliminate races. * -- Bill Hawes <whawes@star.net>, June 97 * * Added devfs support. * -- C. Scott Ananian <cananian@alumni.princeton.edu>, 13-Jan-1998 * * Added support for a Unix98-style ptmx device. * -- C. Scott Ananian <cananian@alumni.princeton.edu>, 14-Jan-1998 * * Reduced memory usage for older ARM systems * -- Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> * * Move do_SAK() into process context. Less stack use in devfs functions. * alloc_tty_struct() always uses kmalloc() * -- Andrew Morton <andrewm@uow.edu.eu> 17Mar01 */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/tty_driver.h> #include <linux/tty_flip.h> #include <linux/devpts_fs.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/console.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/kd.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/ppp-ioctl.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/serial.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/kbd_kern.h> #include <linux/vt_kern.h> #include <linux/selection.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #undef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP #ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP # define tty_debug_hangup(tty, f, args...) tty_debug(tty, f, ##args) #else # define tty_debug_hangup(tty, f, args...) do { } while (0) #endif #define TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK 1 #define CHECK_TTY_COUNT 1 struct ktermios tty_std_termios = { /* for the benefit of tty drivers */ .c_iflag = ICRNL | IXON, .c_oflag = OPOST | ONLCR, .c_cflag = B38400 | CS8 | CREAD | HUPCL, .c_lflag = ISIG | ICANON | ECHO | ECHOE | ECHOK | ECHOCTL | ECHOKE | IEXTEN, .c_cc = INIT_C_CC, .c_ispeed = 38400, .c_ospeed = 38400, /* .c_line = N_TTY, */ }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_std_termios); /* This list gets poked at by procfs and various bits of boot up code. This could do with some rationalisation such as pulling the tty proc function into this file */ LIST_HEAD(tty_drivers); /* linked list of tty drivers */ /* Mutex to protect creating and releasing a tty */ DEFINE_MUTEX(tty_mutex); static ssize_t tty_read(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); static ssize_t tty_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); static __poll_t tty_poll(struct file *, poll_table *); static int tty_open(struct inode *, struct file *); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static long tty_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define tty_compat_ioctl NULL #endif static int __tty_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on); static int tty_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on); static void release_tty(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx); /** * free_tty_struct - free a disused tty * @tty: tty struct to free * * Free the write buffers, tty queue and tty memory itself. * * Locking: none. Must be called after tty is definitely unused */ static void free_tty_struct(struct tty_struct *tty) { tty_ldisc_deinit(tty); put_device(tty->dev); kfree(tty->write_buf); tty->magic = 0xDEADDEAD; kfree(tty); } static inline struct tty_struct *file_tty(struct file *file) { return ((struct tty_file_private *)file->private_data)->tty; } int tty_alloc_file(struct file *file) { struct tty_file_private *priv; priv = kmalloc(sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL); if (!priv) return -ENOMEM; file->private_data = priv; return 0; } /* Associate a new file with the tty structure */ void tty_add_file(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file) { struct tty_file_private *priv = file->private_data; priv->tty = tty; priv->file = file; spin_lock(&tty->files_lock); list_add(&priv->list, &tty->tty_files); spin_unlock(&tty->files_lock); } /** * tty_free_file - free file->private_data * * This shall be used only for fail path handling when tty_add_file was not * called yet. */ void tty_free_file(struct file *file) { struct tty_file_private *priv = file->private_data; file->private_data = NULL; kfree(priv); } /* Delete file from its tty */ static void tty_del_file(struct file *file) { struct tty_file_private *priv = file->private_data; struct tty_struct *tty = priv->tty; spin_lock(&tty->files_lock); list_del(&priv->list); spin_unlock(&tty->files_lock); tty_free_file(file); } /** * tty_name - return tty naming * @tty: tty structure * * Convert a tty structure into a name. The name reflects the kernel * naming policy and if udev is in use may not reflect user space * * Locking: none */ const char *tty_name(const struct tty_struct *tty) { if (!tty) /* Hmm. NULL pointer. That's fun. */ return "NULL tty"; return tty->name; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_name); const char *tty_driver_name(const struct tty_struct *tty) { if (!tty || !tty->driver) return ""; return tty->driver->name; } static int tty_paranoia_check(struct tty_struct *tty, struct inode *inode, const char *routine) { #ifdef TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK if (!tty) { pr_warn("(%d:%d): %s: NULL tty\n", imajor(inode), iminor(inode), routine); return 1; } if (tty->magic != TTY_MAGIC) { pr_warn("(%d:%d): %s: bad magic number\n", imajor(inode), iminor(inode), routine); return 1; } #endif return 0; } /* Caller must hold tty_lock */ static int check_tty_count(struct tty_struct *tty, const char *routine) { #ifdef CHECK_TTY_COUNT struct list_head *p; int count = 0, kopen_count = 0; spin_lock(&tty->files_lock); list_for_each(p, &tty->tty_files) { count++; } spin_unlock(&tty->files_lock); if (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY && tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_SLAVE && tty->link && tty->link->count) count++; if (tty_port_kopened(tty->port)) kopen_count++; if (tty->count != (count + kopen_count)) { tty_warn(tty, "%s: tty->count(%d) != (#fd's(%d) + #kopen's(%d))\n", routine, tty->count, count, kopen_count); return (count + kopen_count); } #endif return 0; } /** * get_tty_driver - find device of a tty * @device: device identifier * @index: returns the index of the tty * * This routine returns a tty driver structure, given a device number * and also passes back the index number. * * Locking: caller must hold tty_mutex */ static struct tty_driver *get_tty_driver(dev_t device, int *index) { struct tty_driver *p; list_for_each_entry(p, &tty_drivers, tty_drivers) { dev_t base = MKDEV(p->major, p->minor_start); if (device < base || device >= base + p->num) continue; *index = device - base; return tty_driver_kref_get(p); } return NULL; } /** * tty_dev_name_to_number - return dev_t for device name * @name: user space name of device under /dev * @number: pointer to dev_t that this function will populate * * This function converts device names like ttyS0 or ttyUSB1 into dev_t * like (4, 64) or (188, 1). If no corresponding driver is registered then * the function returns -ENODEV. * * Locking: this acquires tty_mutex to protect the tty_drivers list from * being modified while we are traversing it, and makes sure to * release it before exiting. */ int tty_dev_name_to_number(const char *name, dev_t *number) { struct tty_driver *p; int ret; int index, prefix_length = 0; const char *str; for (str = name; *str && !isdigit(*str); str++) ; if (!*str) return -EINVAL; ret = kstrtoint(str, 10, &index); if (ret) return ret; prefix_length = str - name; mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); list_for_each_entry(p, &tty_drivers, tty_drivers) if (prefix_length == strlen(p->name) && strncmp(name, p->name, prefix_length) == 0) { if (index < p->num) { *number = MKDEV(p->major, p->minor_start + index); goto out; } } /* if here then driver wasn't found */ ret = -ENODEV; out: mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_dev_name_to_number); #ifdef CONFIG_CONSOLE_POLL /** * tty_find_polling_driver - find device of a polled tty * @name: name string to match * @line: pointer to resulting tty line nr * * This routine returns a tty driver structure, given a name * and the condition that the tty driver is capable of polled * operation. */ struct tty_driver *tty_find_polling_driver(char *name, int *line) { struct tty_driver *p, *res = NULL; int tty_line = 0; int len; char *str, *stp; for (str = name; *str; str++) if ((*str >= '0' && *str <= '9') || *str == ',') break; if (!*str) return NULL; len = str - name; tty_line = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 10); mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); /* Search through the tty devices to look for a match */ list_for_each_entry(p, &tty_drivers, tty_drivers) { if (!len || strncmp(name, p->name, len) != 0) continue; stp = str; if (*stp == ',') stp++; if (*stp == '\0') stp = NULL; if (tty_line >= 0 && tty_line < p->num && p->ops && p->ops->poll_init && !p->ops->poll_init(p, tty_line, stp)) { res = tty_driver_kref_get(p); *line = tty_line; break; } } mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_find_polling_driver); #endif static ssize_t hung_up_tty_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to) { return 0; } static ssize_t hung_up_tty_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { return -EIO; } /* No kernel lock held - none needed ;) */ static __poll_t hung_up_tty_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *wait) { return EPOLLIN | EPOLLOUT | EPOLLERR | EPOLLHUP | EPOLLRDNORM | EPOLLWRNORM; } static long hung_up_tty_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { return cmd == TIOCSPGRP ? -ENOTTY : -EIO; } static long hung_up_tty_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { return cmd == TIOCSPGRP ? -ENOTTY : -EIO; } static int hung_up_tty_fasync(int fd, struct file *file, int on) { return -ENOTTY; } static void tty_show_fdinfo(struct seq_file *m, struct file *file) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(file); if (tty && tty->ops && tty->ops->show_fdinfo) tty->ops->show_fdinfo(tty, m); } static const struct file_operations tty_fops = { .llseek = no_llseek, .read_iter = tty_read, .write_iter = tty_write, .splice_read = generic_file_splice_read, .splice_write = iter_file_splice_write, .poll = tty_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = tty_ioctl, .compat_ioctl = tty_compat_ioctl, .open = tty_open, .release = tty_release, .fasync = tty_fasync, .show_fdinfo = tty_show_fdinfo, }; static const struct file_operations console_fops = { .llseek = no_llseek, .read_iter = tty_read, .write_iter = redirected_tty_write, .splice_read = generic_file_splice_read, .splice_write = iter_file_splice_write, .poll = tty_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = tty_ioctl, .compat_ioctl = tty_compat_ioctl, .open = tty_open, .release = tty_release, .fasync = tty_fasync, }; static const struct file_operations hung_up_tty_fops = { .llseek = no_llseek, .read_iter = hung_up_tty_read, .write_iter = hung_up_tty_write, .poll = hung_up_tty_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = hung_up_tty_ioctl, .compat_ioctl = hung_up_tty_compat_ioctl, .release = tty_release, .fasync = hung_up_tty_fasync, }; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(redirect_lock); static struct file *redirect; extern void tty_sysctl_init(void); /** * tty_wakeup - request more data * @tty: terminal * * Internal and external helper for wakeups of tty. This function * informs the line discipline if present that the driver is ready * to receive more output data. */ void tty_wakeup(struct tty_struct *tty) { struct tty_ldisc *ld; if (test_bit(TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP, &tty->flags)) { ld = tty_ldisc_ref(tty); if (ld) { if (ld->ops->write_wakeup) ld->ops->write_wakeup(tty); tty_ldisc_deref(ld); } } wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->write_wait, EPOLLOUT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_wakeup); /** * __tty_hangup - actual handler for hangup events * @tty: tty device * * This can be called by a "kworker" kernel thread. That is process * synchronous but doesn't hold any locks, so we need to make sure we * have the appropriate locks for what we're doing. * * The hangup event clears any pending redirections onto the hung up * device. It ensures future writes will error and it does the needed * line discipline hangup and signal delivery. The tty object itself * remains intact. * * Locking: * BTM * redirect lock for undoing redirection * file list lock for manipulating list of ttys * tty_ldiscs_lock from called functions * termios_rwsem resetting termios data * tasklist_lock to walk task list for hangup event * ->siglock to protect ->signal/->sighand */ static void __tty_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty, int exit_session) { struct file *cons_filp = NULL; struct file *filp, *f = NULL; struct tty_file_private *priv; int closecount = 0, n; int refs; if (!tty) return; spin_lock(&redirect_lock); if (redirect && file_tty(redirect) == tty) { f = redirect; redirect = NULL; } spin_unlock(&redirect_lock); tty_lock(tty); if (test_bit(TTY_HUPPED, &tty->flags)) { tty_unlock(tty); return; } /* * Some console devices aren't actually hung up for technical and * historical reasons, which can lead to indefinite interruptible * sleep in n_tty_read(). The following explicitly tells * n_tty_read() to abort readers. */ set_bit(TTY_HUPPING, &tty->flags); /* inuse_filps is protected by the single tty lock, this really needs to change if we want to flush the workqueue with the lock held */ check_tty_count(tty, "tty_hangup"); spin_lock(&tty->files_lock); /* This breaks for file handles being sent over AF_UNIX sockets ? */ list_for_each_entry(priv, &tty->tty_files, list) { filp = priv->file; if (filp->f_op->write_iter == redirected_tty_write) cons_filp = filp; if (filp->f_op->write_iter != tty_write) continue; closecount++; __tty_fasync(-1, filp, 0); /* can't block */ filp->f_op = &hung_up_tty_fops; } spin_unlock(&tty->files_lock); refs = tty_signal_session_leader(tty, exit_session); /* Account for the p->signal references we killed */ while (refs--) tty_kref_put(tty); tty_ldisc_hangup(tty, cons_filp != NULL); spin_lock_irq(&tty->ctrl_lock); clear_bit(TTY_THROTTLED, &tty->flags); clear_bit(TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP, &tty->flags); put_pid(tty->session); put_pid(tty->pgrp); tty->session = NULL; tty->pgrp = NULL; tty->ctrl_status = 0; spin_unlock_irq(&tty->ctrl_lock); /* * If one of the devices matches a console pointer, we * cannot just call hangup() because that will cause * tty->count and state->count to go out of sync. * So we just call close() the right number of times. */ if (cons_filp) { if (tty->ops->close) for (n = 0; n < closecount; n++) tty->ops->close(tty, cons_filp); } else if (tty->ops->hangup) tty->ops->hangup(tty); /* * We don't want to have driver/ldisc interactions beyond the ones * we did here. The driver layer expects no calls after ->hangup() * from the ldisc side, which is now guaranteed. */ set_bit(TTY_HUPPED, &tty->flags); clear_bit(TTY_HUPPING, &tty->flags); tty_unlock(tty); if (f) fput(f); } static void do_tty_hangup(struct work_struct *work) { struct tty_struct *tty = container_of(work, struct tty_struct, hangup_work); __tty_hangup(tty, 0); } /** * tty_hangup - trigger a hangup event * @tty: tty to hangup * * A carrier loss (virtual or otherwise) has occurred on this like * schedule a hangup sequence to run after this event. */ void tty_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty) { tty_debug_hangup(tty, "hangup\n"); schedule_work(&tty->hangup_work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_hangup); /** * tty_vhangup - process vhangup * @tty: tty to hangup * * The user has asked via system call for the terminal to be hung up. * We do this synchronously so that when the syscall returns the process * is complete. That guarantee is necessary for security reasons. */ void tty_vhangup(struct tty_struct *tty) { tty_debug_hangup(tty, "vhangup\n"); __tty_hangup(tty, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_vhangup); /** * tty_vhangup_self - process vhangup for own ctty * * Perform a vhangup on the current controlling tty */ void tty_vhangup_self(void) { struct tty_struct *tty; tty = get_current_tty(); if (tty) { tty_vhangup(tty); tty_kref_put(tty); } } /** * tty_vhangup_session - hangup session leader exit * @tty: tty to hangup * * The session leader is exiting and hanging up its controlling terminal. * Every process in the foreground process group is signalled SIGHUP. * * We do this synchronously so that when the syscall returns the process * is complete. That guarantee is necessary for security reasons. */ void tty_vhangup_session(struct tty_struct *tty) { tty_debug_hangup(tty, "session hangup\n"); __tty_hangup(tty, 1); } /** * tty_hung_up_p - was tty hung up * @filp: file pointer of tty * * Return true if the tty has been subject to a vhangup or a carrier * loss */ int tty_hung_up_p(struct file *filp) { return (filp && filp->f_op == &hung_up_tty_fops); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_hung_up_p); /** * stop_tty - propagate flow control * @tty: tty to stop * * Perform flow control to the driver. May be called * on an already stopped device and will not re-call the driver * method. * * This functionality is used by both the line disciplines for * halting incoming flow and by the driver. It may therefore be * called from any context, may be under the tty atomic_write_lock * but not always. * * Locking: * flow_lock */ void __stop_tty(struct tty_struct *tty) { if (tty->stopped) return; tty->stopped = 1; if (tty->ops->stop) tty->ops->stop(tty); } void stop_tty(struct tty_struct *tty) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->flow_lock, flags); __stop_tty(tty); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->flow_lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(stop_tty); /** * start_tty - propagate flow control * @tty: tty to start * * Start a tty that has been stopped if at all possible. If this * tty was previous stopped and is now being started, the driver * start method is invoked and the line discipline woken. * * Locking: * flow_lock */ void __start_tty(struct tty_struct *tty) { if (!tty->stopped || tty->flow_stopped) return; tty->stopped = 0; if (tty->ops->start) tty->ops->start(tty); tty_wakeup(tty); } void start_tty(struct tty_struct *tty) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->flow_lock, flags); __start_tty(tty); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->flow_lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(start_tty); static void tty_update_time(struct timespec64 *time) { time64_t sec = ktime_get_real_seconds(); /* * We only care if the two values differ in anything other than the * lower three bits (i.e every 8 seconds). If so, then we can update * the time of the tty device, otherwise it could be construded as a * security leak to let userspace know the exact timing of the tty. */ if ((sec ^ time->tv_sec) & ~7) time->tv_sec = sec; } /* * Iterate on the ldisc ->read() function until we've gotten all * the data the ldisc has for us. * * The "cookie" is something that the ldisc read function can fill * in to let us know that there is more data to be had. * * We promise to continue to call the ldisc until it stops returning * data or clears the cookie. The cookie may be something that the * ldisc maintains state for and needs to free. */ static int iterate_tty_read(struct tty_ldisc *ld, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, struct iov_iter *to) { int retval = 0; void *cookie = NULL; unsigned long offset = 0; char kernel_buf[64]; size_t count = iov_iter_count(to); do { int size, copied; size = count > sizeof(kernel_buf) ? sizeof(kernel_buf) : count; size = ld->ops->read(tty, file, kernel_buf, size, &cookie, offset); if (!size) break; if (size < 0) { /* Did we have an earlier error (ie -EFAULT)? */ if (retval) break; retval = size; /* * -EOVERFLOW means we didn't have enough space * for a whole packet, and we shouldn't return * a partial result. */ if (retval == -EOVERFLOW) offset = 0; break; } copied = copy_to_iter(kernel_buf, size, to); offset += copied; count -= copied; /* * If the user copy failed, we still need to do another ->read() * call if we had a cookie to let the ldisc clear up. * * But make sure size is zeroed. */ if (unlikely(copied != size)) { count = 0; retval = -EFAULT; } } while (cookie); /* We always clear tty buffer in case they contained passwords */ memzero_explicit(kernel_buf, sizeof(kernel_buf)); return offset ? offset : retval; } /** * tty_read - read method for tty device files * @file: pointer to tty file * @buf: user buffer * @count: size of user buffer * @ppos: unused * * Perform the read system call function on this terminal device. Checks * for hung up devices before calling the line discipline method. * * Locking: * Locks the line discipline internally while needed. Multiple * read calls may be outstanding in parallel. */ static ssize_t tty_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to) { int i; struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(file); struct tty_ldisc *ld; if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, inode, "tty_read")) return -EIO; if (!tty || tty_io_error(tty)) return -EIO; /* We want to wait for the line discipline to sort out in this situation */ ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (!ld) return hung_up_tty_read(iocb, to); i = -EIO; if (ld->ops->read) i = iterate_tty_read(ld, tty, file, to); tty_ldisc_deref(ld); if (i > 0) tty_update_time(&inode->i_atime); return i; } static void tty_write_unlock(struct tty_struct *tty) { mutex_unlock(&tty->atomic_write_lock); wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->write_wait, EPOLLOUT); } static int tty_write_lock(struct tty_struct *tty, int ndelay) { if (!mutex_trylock(&tty->atomic_write_lock)) { if (ndelay) return -EAGAIN; if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&tty->atomic_write_lock)) return -ERESTARTSYS; } return 0; } /* * Split writes up in sane blocksizes to avoid * denial-of-service type attacks */ static inline ssize_t do_tty_write( ssize_t (*write)(struct tty_struct *, struct file *, const unsigned char *, size_t), struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, struct iov_iter *from) { size_t count = iov_iter_count(from); ssize_t ret, written = 0; unsigned int chunk; ret = tty_write_lock(tty, file->f_flags & O_NDELAY); if (ret < 0) return ret; /* * We chunk up writes into a temporary buffer. This * simplifies low-level drivers immensely, since they * don't have locking issues and user mode accesses. * * But if TTY_NO_WRITE_SPLIT is set, we should use a * big chunk-size.. * * The default chunk-size is 2kB, because the NTTY * layer has problems with bigger chunks. It will * claim to be able to handle more characters than * it actually does. * * FIXME: This can probably go away now except that 64K chunks * are too likely to fail unless switched to vmalloc... */ chunk = 2048; if (test_bit(TTY_NO_WRITE_SPLIT, &tty->flags)) chunk = 65536; if (count < chunk) chunk = count; /* write_buf/write_cnt is protected by the atomic_write_lock mutex */ if (tty->write_cnt < chunk) { unsigned char *buf_chunk; if (chunk < 1024) chunk = 1024; buf_chunk = kmalloc(chunk, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf_chunk) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } kfree(tty->write_buf); tty->write_cnt = chunk; tty->write_buf = buf_chunk; } /* Do the write .. */ for (;;) { size_t size = count; if (size > chunk) size = chunk; ret = -EFAULT; if (copy_from_iter(tty->write_buf, size, from) != size) break; ret = write(tty, file, tty->write_buf, size); if (ret <= 0) break; written += ret; if (ret > size) break; /* FIXME! Have Al check this! */ if (ret != size) iov_iter_revert(from, size-ret); count -= ret; if (!count) break; ret = -ERESTARTSYS; if (signal_pending(current)) break; cond_resched(); } if (written) { tty_update_time(&file_inode(file)->i_mtime); ret = written; } out: tty_write_unlock(tty); return ret; } /** * tty_write_message - write a message to a certain tty, not just the console. * @tty: the destination tty_struct * @msg: the message to write * * This is used for messages that need to be redirected to a specific tty. * We don't put it into the syslog queue right now maybe in the future if * really needed. * * We must still hold the BTM and test the CLOSING flag for the moment. */ void tty_write_message(struct tty_struct *tty, char *msg) { if (tty) { mutex_lock(&tty->atomic_write_lock); tty_lock(tty); if (tty->ops->write && tty->count > 0) tty->ops->write(tty, msg, strlen(msg)); tty_unlock(tty); tty_write_unlock(tty); } return; } /** * tty_write - write method for tty device file * @file: tty file pointer * @buf: user data to write * @count: bytes to write * @ppos: unused * * Write data to a tty device via the line discipline. * * Locking: * Locks the line discipline as required * Writes to the tty driver are serialized by the atomic_write_lock * and are then processed in chunks to the device. The line discipline * write method will not be invoked in parallel for each device. */ static ssize_t file_tty_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(file); struct tty_ldisc *ld; ssize_t ret; if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, file_inode(file), "tty_write")) return -EIO; if (!tty || !tty->ops->write || tty_io_error(tty)) return -EIO; /* Short term debug to catch buggy drivers */ if (tty->ops->write_room == NULL) tty_err(tty, "missing write_room method\n"); ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (!ld) return hung_up_tty_write(iocb, from); if (!ld->ops->write) ret = -EIO; else ret = do_tty_write(ld->ops->write, tty, file, from); tty_ldisc_deref(ld); return ret; } static ssize_t tty_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { return file_tty_write(iocb->ki_filp, iocb, from); } ssize_t redirected_tty_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { struct file *p = NULL; spin_lock(&redirect_lock); if (redirect) p = get_file(redirect); spin_unlock(&redirect_lock); /* * We know the redirected tty is just another tty, we can can * call file_tty_write() directly with that file pointer. */ if (p) { ssize_t res; res = file_tty_write(p, iocb, iter); fput(p); return res; } return tty_write(iocb, iter); } /** * tty_send_xchar - send priority character * * Send a high priority character to the tty even if stopped * * Locking: none for xchar method, write ordering for write method. */ int tty_send_xchar(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch) { int was_stopped = tty->stopped; if (tty->ops->send_xchar) { down_read(&tty->termios_rwsem); tty->ops->send_xchar(tty, ch); up_read(&tty->termios_rwsem); return 0; } if (tty_write_lock(tty, 0) < 0) return -ERESTARTSYS; down_read(&tty->termios_rwsem); if (was_stopped) start_tty(tty); tty->ops->write(tty, &ch, 1); if (was_stopped) stop_tty(tty); up_read(&tty->termios_rwsem); tty_write_unlock(tty); return 0; } static char ptychar[] = "pqrstuvwxyzabcde"; /** * pty_line_name - generate name for a pty * @driver: the tty driver in use * @index: the minor number * @p: output buffer of at least 6 bytes * * Generate a name from a driver reference and write it to the output * buffer. * * Locking: None */ static void pty_line_name(struct tty_driver *driver, int index, char *p) { int i = index + driver->name_base; /* ->name is initialized to "ttyp", but "tty" is expected */ sprintf(p, "%s%c%x", driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_SLAVE ? "tty" : driver->name, ptychar[i >> 4 & 0xf], i & 0xf); } /** * tty_line_name - generate name for a tty * @driver: the tty driver in use * @index: the minor number * @p: output buffer of at least 7 bytes * * Generate a name from a driver reference and write it to the output * buffer. * * Locking: None */ static ssize_t tty_line_name(struct tty_driver *driver, int index, char *p) { if (driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_UNNUMBERED_NODE) return sprintf(p, "%s", driver->name); else return sprintf(p, "%s%d", driver->name, index + driver->name_base); } /** * tty_driver_lookup_tty() - find an existing tty, if any * @driver: the driver for the tty * @idx: the minor number * * Return the tty, if found. If not found, return NULL or ERR_PTR() if the * driver lookup() method returns an error. * * Locking: tty_mutex must be held. If the tty is found, bump the tty kref. */ static struct tty_struct *tty_driver_lookup_tty(struct tty_driver *driver, struct file *file, int idx) { struct tty_struct *tty; if (driver->ops->lookup) if (!file) tty = ERR_PTR(-EIO); else tty = driver->ops->lookup(driver, file, idx); else tty = driver->ttys[idx]; if (!IS_ERR(tty)) tty_kref_get(tty); return tty; } /** * tty_init_termios - helper for termios setup * @tty: the tty to set up * * Initialise the termios structure for this tty. This runs under * the tty_mutex currently so we can be relaxed about ordering. */ void tty_init_termios(struct tty_struct *tty) { struct ktermios *tp; int idx = tty->index; if (tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_RESET_TERMIOS) tty->termios = tty->driver->init_termios; else { /* Check for lazy saved data */ tp = tty->driver->termios[idx]; if (tp != NULL) { tty->termios = *tp; tty->termios.c_line = tty->driver->init_termios.c_line; } else tty->termios = tty->driver->init_termios; } /* Compatibility until drivers always set this */ tty->termios.c_ispeed = tty_termios_input_baud_rate(&tty->termios); tty->termios.c_ospeed = tty_termios_baud_rate(&tty->termios); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_init_termios); int tty_standard_install(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty) { tty_init_termios(tty); tty_driver_kref_get(driver); tty->count++; driver->ttys[tty->index] = tty; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_standard_install); /** * tty_driver_install_tty() - install a tty entry in the driver * @driver: the driver for the tty * @tty: the tty * * Install a tty object into the driver tables. The tty->index field * will be set by the time this is called. This method is responsible * for ensuring any need additional structures are allocated and * configured. * * Locking: tty_mutex for now */ static int tty_driver_install_tty(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty) { return driver->ops->install ? driver->ops->install(driver, tty) : tty_standard_install(driver, tty); } /** * tty_driver_remove_tty() - remove a tty from the driver tables * @driver: the driver for the tty * @tty: tty to remove * * Remvoe a tty object from the driver tables. The tty->index field * will be set by the time this is called. * * Locking: tty_mutex for now */ static void tty_driver_remove_tty(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty) { if (driver->ops->remove) driver->ops->remove(driver, tty); else driver->ttys[tty->index] = NULL; } /** * tty_reopen() - fast re-open of an open tty * @tty: the tty to open * * Return 0 on success, -errno on error. * Re-opens on master ptys are not allowed and return -EIO. * * Locking: Caller must hold tty_lock */ static int tty_reopen(struct tty_struct *tty) { struct tty_driver *driver = tty->driver; struct tty_ldisc *ld; int retval = 0; if (driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY && driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER) return -EIO; if (!tty->count) return -EAGAIN; if (test_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EBUSY; ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (ld) { tty_ldisc_deref(ld); } else { retval = tty_ldisc_lock(tty, 5 * HZ); if (retval) return retval; if (!tty->ldisc) retval = tty_ldisc_reinit(tty, tty->termios.c_line); tty_ldisc_unlock(tty); } if (retval == 0) tty->count++; return retval; } /** * tty_init_dev - initialise a tty device * @driver: tty driver we are opening a device on * @idx: device index * * Prepare a tty device. This may not be a "new" clean device but * could also be an active device. The pty drivers require special * handling because of this. * * Locking: * The function is called under the tty_mutex, which * protects us from the tty struct or driver itself going away. * * On exit the tty device has the line discipline attached and * a reference count of 1. If a pair was created for pty/tty use * and the other was a pty master then it too has a reference count of 1. * * WSH 06/09/97: Rewritten to remove races and properly clean up after a * failed open. The new code protects the open with a mutex, so it's * really quite straightforward. The mutex locking can probably be * relaxed for the (most common) case of reopening a tty. * * Return: returned tty structure */ struct tty_struct *tty_init_dev(struct tty_driver *driver, int idx) { struct tty_struct *tty; int retval; /* * First time open is complex, especially for PTY devices. * This code guarantees that either everything succeeds and the * TTY is ready for operation, or else the table slots are vacated * and the allocated memory released. (Except that the termios * may be retained.) */ if (!try_module_get(driver->owner)) return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); tty = alloc_tty_struct(driver, idx); if (!tty) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto err_module_put; } tty_lock(tty); retval = tty_driver_install_tty(driver, tty); if (retval < 0) goto err_free_tty; if (!tty->port) tty->port = driver->ports[idx]; if (WARN_RATELIMIT(!tty->port, "%s: %s driver does not set tty->port. This would crash the kernel. Fix the driver!\n", __func__, tty->driver->name)) { retval = -EINVAL; goto err_release_lock; } retval = tty_ldisc_lock(tty, 5 * HZ); if (retval) goto err_release_lock; tty->port->itty = tty; /* * Structures all installed ... call the ldisc open routines. * If we fail here just call release_tty to clean up. No need * to decrement the use counts, as release_tty doesn't care. */ retval = tty_ldisc_setup(tty, tty->link); if (retval) goto err_release_tty; tty_ldisc_unlock(tty); /* Return the tty locked so that it cannot vanish under the caller */ return tty; err_free_tty: tty_unlock(tty); free_tty_struct(tty); err_module_put: module_put(driver->owner); return ERR_PTR(retval); /* call the tty release_tty routine to clean out this slot */ err_release_tty: tty_ldisc_unlock(tty); tty_info_ratelimited(tty, "ldisc open failed (%d), clearing slot %d\n", retval, idx); err_release_lock: tty_unlock(tty); release_tty(tty, idx); return ERR_PTR(retval); } /** * tty_save_termios() - save tty termios data in driver table * @tty: tty whose termios data to save * * Locking: Caller guarantees serialisation with tty_init_termios(). */ void tty_save_termios(struct tty_struct *tty) { struct ktermios *tp; int idx = tty->index; /* If the port is going to reset then it has no termios to save */ if (tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_RESET_TERMIOS) return; /* Stash the termios data */ tp = tty->driver->termios[idx]; if (tp == NULL) { tp = kmalloc(sizeof(*tp), GFP_KERNEL); if (tp == NULL) return; tty->driver->termios[idx] = tp; } *tp = tty->termios; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_save_termios); /** * tty_flush_works - flush all works of a tty/pty pair * @tty: tty device to flush works for (or either end of a pty pair) * * Sync flush all works belonging to @tty (and the 'other' tty). */ static void tty_flush_works(struct tty_struct *tty) { flush_work(&tty->SAK_work); flush_work(&tty->hangup_work); if (tty->link) { flush_work(&tty->link->SAK_work); flush_work(&tty->link->hangup_work); } } /** * release_one_tty - release tty structure memory * @work: work of tty we are obliterating * * Releases memory associated with a tty structure, and clears out the * driver table slots. This function is called when a device is no longer * in use. It also gets called when setup of a device fails. * * Locking: * takes the file list lock internally when working on the list * of ttys that the driver keeps. * * This method gets called from a work queue so that the driver private * cleanup ops can sleep (needed for USB at least) */ static void release_one_tty(struct work_struct *work) { struct tty_struct *tty = container_of(work, struct tty_struct, hangup_work); struct tty_driver *driver = tty->driver; struct module *owner = driver->owner; if (tty->ops->cleanup) tty->ops->cleanup(tty); tty->magic = 0; tty_driver_kref_put(driver); module_put(owner); spin_lock(&tty->files_lock); list_del_init(&tty->tty_files); spin_unlock(&tty->files_lock); put_pid(tty->pgrp); put_pid(tty->session); free_tty_struct(tty); } static void queue_release_one_tty(struct kref *kref) { struct tty_struct *tty = container_of(kref, struct tty_struct, kref); /* The hangup queue is now free so we can reuse it rather than waste a chunk of memory for each port */ INIT_WORK(&tty->hangup_work, release_one_tty); schedule_work(&tty->hangup_work); } /** * tty_kref_put - release a tty kref * @tty: tty device * * Release a reference to a tty device and if need be let the kref * layer destruct the object for us */ void tty_kref_put(struct tty_struct *tty) { if (tty) kref_put(&tty->kref, queue_release_one_tty); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_kref_put); /** * release_tty - release tty structure memory * * Release both @tty and a possible linked partner (think pty pair), * and decrement the refcount of the backing module. * * Locking: * tty_mutex * takes the file list lock internally when working on the list * of ttys that the driver keeps. * */ static void release_tty(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx) { /* This should always be true but check for the moment */ WARN_ON(tty->index != idx); WARN_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&tty_mutex)); if (tty->ops->shutdown) tty->ops->shutdown(tty); tty_save_termios(tty); tty_driver_remove_tty(tty->driver, tty); if (tty->port) tty->port->itty = NULL; if (tty->link) tty->link->port->itty = NULL; if (tty->port) tty_buffer_cancel_work(tty->port); if (tty->link) tty_buffer_cancel_work(tty->link->port); tty_kref_put(tty->link); tty_kref_put(tty); } /** * tty_release_checks - check a tty before real release * @tty: tty to check * @idx: index of the tty * * Performs some paranoid checking before true release of the @tty. * This is a no-op unless TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK is defined. */ static int tty_release_checks(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx) { #ifdef TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK if (idx < 0 || idx >= tty->driver->num) { tty_debug(tty, "bad idx %d\n", idx); return -1; } /* not much to check for devpts */ if (tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM) return 0; if (tty != tty->driver->ttys[idx]) { tty_debug(tty, "bad driver table[%d] = %p\n", idx, tty->driver->ttys[idx]); return -1; } if (tty->driver->other) { struct tty_struct *o_tty = tty->link; if (o_tty != tty->driver->other->ttys[idx]) { tty_debug(tty, "bad other table[%d] = %p\n", idx, tty->driver->other->ttys[idx]); return -1; } if (o_tty->link != tty) { tty_debug(tty, "bad link = %p\n", o_tty->link); return -1; } } #endif return 0; } /** * tty_kclose - closes tty opened by tty_kopen * @tty: tty device * * Performs the final steps to release and free a tty device. It is the * same as tty_release_struct except that it also resets TTY_PORT_KOPENED * flag on tty->port. */ void tty_kclose(struct tty_struct *tty) { /* * Ask the line discipline code to release its structures */ tty_ldisc_release(tty); /* Wait for pending work before tty destruction commmences */ tty_flush_works(tty); tty_debug_hangup(tty, "freeing structure\n"); /* * The release_tty function takes care of the details of clearing * the slots and preserving the termios structure. */ mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); tty_port_set_kopened(tty->port, 0); release_tty(tty, tty->index); mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_kclose); /** * tty_release_struct - release a tty struct * @tty: tty device * @idx: index of the tty * * Performs the final steps to release and free a tty device. It is * roughly the reverse of tty_init_dev. */ void tty_release_struct(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx) { /* * Ask the line discipline code to release its structures */ tty_ldisc_release(tty); /* Wait for pending work before tty destruction commmences */ tty_flush_works(tty); tty_debug_hangup(tty, "freeing structure\n"); /* * The release_tty function takes care of the details of clearing * the slots and preserving the termios structure. */ mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); release_tty(tty, idx); mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_release_struct); /** * tty_release - vfs callback for close * @inode: inode of tty * @filp: file pointer for handle to tty * * Called the last time each file handle is closed that references * this tty. There may however be several such references. * * Locking: * Takes bkl. See tty_release_dev * * Even releasing the tty structures is a tricky business.. We have * to be very careful that the structures are all released at the * same time, as interrupts might otherwise get the wrong pointers. * * WSH 09/09/97: rewritten to avoid some nasty race conditions that could * lead to double frees or releasing memory still in use. */ int tty_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(filp); struct tty_struct *o_tty = NULL; int do_sleep, final; int idx; long timeout = 0; int once = 1; if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, inode, __func__)) return 0; tty_lock(tty); check_tty_count(tty, __func__); __tty_fasync(-1, filp, 0); idx = tty->index; if (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY && tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER) o_tty = tty->link; if (tty_release_checks(tty, idx)) { tty_unlock(tty); return 0; } tty_debug_hangup(tty, "releasing (count=%d)\n", tty->count); if (tty->ops->close) tty->ops->close(tty, filp); /* If tty is pty master, lock the slave pty (stable lock order) */ tty_lock_slave(o_tty); /* * Sanity check: if tty->count is going to zero, there shouldn't be * any waiters on tty->read_wait or tty->write_wait. We test the * wait queues and kick everyone out _before_ actually starting to * close. This ensures that we won't block while releasing the tty * structure. * * The test for the o_tty closing is necessary, since the master and * slave sides may close in any order. If the slave side closes out * first, its count will be one, since the master side holds an open. * Thus this test wouldn't be triggered at the time the slave closed, * so we do it now. */ while (1) { do_sleep = 0; if (tty->count <= 1) { if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait)) { wake_up_poll(&tty->read_wait, EPOLLIN); do_sleep++; } if (waitqueue_active(&tty->write_wait)) { wake_up_poll(&tty->write_wait, EPOLLOUT); do_sleep++; } } if (o_tty && o_tty->count <= 1) { if (waitqueue_active(&o_tty->read_wait)) { wake_up_poll(&o_tty->read_wait, EPOLLIN); do_sleep++; } if (waitqueue_active(&o_tty->write_wait)) { wake_up_poll(&o_tty->write_wait, EPOLLOUT); do_sleep++; } } if (!do_sleep) break; if (once) { once = 0; tty_warn(tty, "read/write wait queue active!\n"); } schedule_timeout_killable(timeout); if (timeout < 120 * HZ) timeout = 2 * timeout + 1; else timeout = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT; } if (o_tty) { if (--o_tty->count < 0) { tty_warn(tty, "bad slave count (%d)\n", o_tty->count); o_tty->count = 0; } } if (--tty->count < 0) { tty_warn(tty, "bad tty->count (%d)\n", tty->count); tty->count = 0; } /* * We've decremented tty->count, so we need to remove this file * descriptor off the tty->tty_files list; this serves two * purposes: * - check_tty_count sees the correct number of file descriptors * associated with this tty. * - do_tty_hangup no longer sees this file descriptor as * something that needs to be handled for hangups. */ tty_del_file(filp); /* * Perform some housekeeping before deciding whether to return. * * If _either_ side is closing, make sure there aren't any * processes that still think tty or o_tty is their controlling * tty. */ if (!tty->count) { read_lock(&tasklist_lock); session_clear_tty(tty->session); if (o_tty) session_clear_tty(o_tty->session); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); } /* check whether both sides are closing ... */ final = !tty->count && !(o_tty && o_tty->count); tty_unlock_slave(o_tty); tty_unlock(tty); /* At this point, the tty->count == 0 should ensure a dead tty cannot be re-opened by a racing opener */ if (!final) return 0; tty_debug_hangup(tty, "final close\n"); tty_release_struct(tty, idx); return 0; } /** * tty_open_current_tty - get locked tty of current task * @device: device number * @filp: file pointer to tty * @return: locked tty of the current task iff @device is /dev/tty * * Performs a re-open of the current task's controlling tty. * * We cannot return driver and index like for the other nodes because * devpts will not work then. It expects inodes to be from devpts FS. */ static struct tty_struct *tty_open_current_tty(dev_t device, struct file *filp) { struct tty_struct *tty; int retval; if (device != MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 0)) return NULL; tty = get_current_tty(); if (!tty) return ERR_PTR(-ENXIO); filp->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK; /* Don't let /dev/tty block */ /* noctty = 1; */ tty_lock(tty); tty_kref_put(tty); /* safe to drop the kref now */ retval = tty_reopen(tty); if (retval < 0) { tty_unlock(tty); tty = ERR_PTR(retval); } return tty; } /** * tty_lookup_driver - lookup a tty driver for a given device file * @device: device number * @filp: file pointer to tty * @index: index for the device in the @return driver * @return: driver for this inode (with increased refcount) * * If @return is not erroneous, the caller is responsible to decrement the * refcount by tty_driver_kref_put. * * Locking: tty_mutex protects get_tty_driver */ static struct tty_driver *tty_lookup_driver(dev_t device, struct file *filp, int *index) { struct tty_driver *driver = NULL; switch (device) { #ifdef CONFIG_VT case MKDEV(TTY_MAJOR, 0): { extern struct tty_driver *console_driver; driver = tty_driver_kref_get(console_driver); *index = fg_console; break; } #endif case MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 1): { struct tty_driver *console_driver = console_device(index); if (console_driver) { driver = tty_driver_kref_get(console_driver); if (driver && filp) { /* Don't let /dev/console block */ filp->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK; break; } } if (driver) tty_driver_kref_put(driver); return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); } default: driver = get_tty_driver(device, index); if (!driver) return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); break; } return driver; } /** * tty_kopen - open a tty device for kernel * @device: dev_t of device to open * * Opens tty exclusively for kernel. Performs the driver lookup, * makes sure it's not already opened and performs the first-time * tty initialization. * * Returns the locked initialized &tty_struct * * Claims the global tty_mutex to serialize: * - concurrent first-time tty initialization * - concurrent tty driver removal w/ lookup * - concurrent tty removal from driver table */ struct tty_struct *tty_kopen(dev_t device) { struct tty_struct *tty; struct tty_driver *driver; int index = -1; mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); driver = tty_lookup_driver(device, NULL, &index); if (IS_ERR(driver)) { mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); return ERR_CAST(driver); } /* check whether we're reopening an existing tty */ tty = tty_driver_lookup_tty(driver, NULL, index); if (IS_ERR(tty)) goto out; if (tty) { /* drop kref from tty_driver_lookup_tty() */ tty_kref_put(tty); tty = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); } else { /* tty_init_dev returns tty with the tty_lock held */ tty = tty_init_dev(driver, index); if (IS_ERR(tty)) goto out; tty_port_set_kopened(tty->port, 1); } out: mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); tty_driver_kref_put(driver); return tty; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_kopen); /** * tty_open_by_driver - open a tty device * @device: dev_t of device to open * @filp: file pointer to tty * * Performs the driver lookup, checks for a reopen, or otherwise * performs the first-time tty initialization. * * Returns the locked initialized or re-opened &tty_struct * * Claims the global tty_mutex to serialize: * - concurrent first-time tty initialization * - concurrent tty driver removal w/ lookup * - concurrent tty removal from driver table */ static struct tty_struct *tty_open_by_driver(dev_t device, struct file *filp) { struct tty_struct *tty; struct tty_driver *driver = NULL; int index = -1; int retval; mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); driver = tty_lookup_driver(device, filp, &index); if (IS_ERR(driver)) { mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); return ERR_CAST(driver); } /* check whether we're reopening an existing tty */ tty = tty_driver_lookup_tty(driver, filp, index); if (IS_ERR(tty)) { mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); goto out; } if (tty) { if (tty_port_kopened(tty->port)) { tty_kref_put(tty); mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); tty = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); goto out; } mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); retval = tty_lock_interruptible(tty); tty_kref_put(tty); /* drop kref from tty_driver_lookup_tty() */ if (retval) { if (retval == -EINTR) retval = -ERESTARTSYS; tty = ERR_PTR(retval); goto out; } retval = tty_reopen(tty); if (retval < 0) { tty_unlock(tty); tty = ERR_PTR(retval); } } else { /* Returns with the tty_lock held for now */ tty = tty_init_dev(driver, index); mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); } out: tty_driver_kref_put(driver); return tty; } /** * tty_open - open a tty device * @inode: inode of device file * @filp: file pointer to tty * * tty_open and tty_release keep up the tty count that contains the * number of opens done on a tty. We cannot use the inode-count, as * different inodes might point to the same tty. * * Open-counting is needed for pty masters, as well as for keeping * track of serial lines: DTR is dropped when the last close happens. * (This is not done solely through tty->count, now. - Ted 1/27/92) * * The termios state of a pty is reset on first open so that * settings don't persist across reuse. * * Locking: tty_mutex protects tty, tty_lookup_driver and tty_init_dev. * tty->count should protect the rest. * ->siglock protects ->signal/->sighand * * Note: the tty_unlock/lock cases without a ref are only safe due to * tty_mutex */ static int tty_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct tty_struct *tty; int noctty, retval; dev_t device = inode->i_rdev; unsigned saved_flags = filp->f_flags; nonseekable_open(inode, filp); retry_open: retval = tty_alloc_file(filp); if (retval) return -ENOMEM; tty = tty_open_current_tty(device, filp); if (!tty) tty = tty_open_by_driver(device, filp); if (IS_ERR(tty)) { tty_free_file(filp); retval = PTR_ERR(tty); if (retval != -EAGAIN || signal_pending(current)) return retval; schedule(); goto retry_open; } tty_add_file(tty, filp); check_tty_count(tty, __func__); tty_debug_hangup(tty, "opening (count=%d)\n", tty->count); if (tty->ops->open) retval = tty->ops->open(tty, filp); else retval = -ENODEV; filp->f_flags = saved_flags; if (retval) { tty_debug_hangup(tty, "open error %d, releasing\n", retval); tty_unlock(tty); /* need to call tty_release without BTM */ tty_release(inode, filp); if (retval != -ERESTARTSYS) return retval; if (signal_pending(current)) return retval; schedule(); /* * Need to reset f_op in case a hangup happened. */ if (tty_hung_up_p(filp)) filp->f_op = &tty_fops; goto retry_open; } clear_bit(TTY_HUPPED, &tty->flags); noctty = (filp->f_flags & O_NOCTTY) || (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VT) && device == MKDEV(TTY_MAJOR, 0)) || device == MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 1) || (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY && tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER); if (!noctty) tty_open_proc_set_tty(filp, tty); tty_unlock(tty); return 0; } /** * tty_poll - check tty status * @filp: file being polled * @wait: poll wait structures to update * * Call the line discipline polling method to obtain the poll * status of the device. * * Locking: locks called line discipline but ldisc poll method * may be re-entered freely by other callers. */ static __poll_t tty_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *wait) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(filp); struct tty_ldisc *ld; __poll_t ret = 0; if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, file_inode(filp), "tty_poll")) return 0; ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (!ld) return hung_up_tty_poll(filp, wait); if (ld->ops->poll) ret = ld->ops->poll(tty, filp, wait); tty_ldisc_deref(ld); return ret; } static int __tty_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(filp); unsigned long flags; int retval = 0; if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, file_inode(filp), "tty_fasync")) goto out; retval = fasync_helper(fd, filp, on, &tty->fasync); if (retval <= 0) goto out; if (on) { enum pid_type type; struct pid *pid; spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags); if (tty->pgrp) { pid = tty->pgrp; type = PIDTYPE_PGID; } else { pid = task_pid(current); type = PIDTYPE_TGID; } get_pid(pid); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags); __f_setown(filp, pid, type, 0); put_pid(pid); retval = 0; } out: return retval; } static int tty_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(filp); int retval = -ENOTTY; tty_lock(tty); if (!tty_hung_up_p(filp)) retval = __tty_fasync(fd, filp, on); tty_unlock(tty); return retval; } /** * tiocsti - fake input character * @tty: tty to fake input into * @p: pointer to character * * Fake input to a tty device. Does the necessary locking and * input management. * * FIXME: does not honour flow control ?? * * Locking: * Called functions take tty_ldiscs_lock * current->signal->tty check is safe without locks */ static int tiocsti(struct tty_struct *tty, char __user *p) { char ch, mbz = 0; struct tty_ldisc *ld; if ((current->signal->tty != tty) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (get_user(ch, p)) return -EFAULT; tty_audit_tiocsti(tty, ch); ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (!ld) return -EIO; tty_buffer_lock_exclusive(tty->port); if (ld->ops->receive_buf) ld->ops->receive_buf(tty, &ch, &mbz, 1); tty_buffer_unlock_exclusive(tty->port); tty_ldisc_deref(ld); return 0; } /** * tiocgwinsz - implement window query ioctl * @tty: tty * @arg: user buffer for result * * Copies the kernel idea of the window size into the user buffer. * * Locking: tty->winsize_mutex is taken to ensure the winsize data * is consistent. */ static int tiocgwinsz(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize __user *arg) { int err; mutex_lock(&tty->winsize_mutex); err = copy_to_user(arg, &tty->winsize, sizeof(*arg)); mutex_unlock(&tty->winsize_mutex); return err ? -EFAULT: 0; } /** * tty_do_resize - resize event * @tty: tty being resized * @ws: new dimensions * * Update the termios variables and send the necessary signals to * peform a terminal resize correctly */ int tty_do_resize(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize *ws) { struct pid *pgrp; /* Lock the tty */ mutex_lock(&tty->winsize_mutex); if (!memcmp(ws, &tty->winsize, sizeof(*ws))) goto done; /* Signal the foreground process group */ pgrp = tty_get_pgrp(tty); if (pgrp) kill_pgrp(pgrp, SIGWINCH, 1); put_pid(pgrp); tty->winsize = *ws; done: mutex_unlock(&tty->winsize_mutex); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_do_resize); /** * tiocswinsz - implement window size set ioctl * @tty: tty side of tty * @arg: user buffer for result * * Copies the user idea of the window size to the kernel. Traditionally * this is just advisory information but for the Linux console it * actually has driver level meaning and triggers a VC resize. * * Locking: * Driver dependent. The default do_resize method takes the * tty termios mutex and ctrl_lock. The console takes its own lock * then calls into the default method. */ static int tiocswinsz(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize __user *arg) { struct winsize tmp_ws; if (copy_from_user(&tmp_ws, arg, sizeof(*arg))) return -EFAULT; if (tty->ops->resize) return tty->ops->resize(tty, &tmp_ws); else return tty_do_resize(tty, &tmp_ws); } /** * tioccons - allow admin to move logical console * @file: the file to become console * * Allow the administrator to move the redirected console device * * Locking: uses redirect_lock to guard the redirect information */ static int tioccons(struct file *file) { if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (file->f_op->write_iter == redirected_tty_write) { struct file *f; spin_lock(&redirect_lock); f = redirect; redirect = NULL; spin_unlock(&redirect_lock); if (f) fput(f); return 0; } if (file->f_op->write_iter != tty_write) return -ENOTTY; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EBADF; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_CAN_WRITE)) return -EINVAL; spin_lock(&redirect_lock); if (redirect) { spin_unlock(&redirect_lock); return -EBUSY; } redirect = get_file(file); spin_unlock(&redirect_lock); return 0; } /** * tiocsetd - set line discipline * @tty: tty device * @p: pointer to user data * * Set the line discipline according to user request. * * Locking: see tty_set_ldisc, this function is just a helper */ static int tiocsetd(struct tty_struct *tty, int __user *p) { int disc; int ret; if (get_user(disc, p)) return -EFAULT; ret = tty_set_ldisc(tty, disc); return ret; } /** * tiocgetd - get line discipline * @tty: tty device * @p: pointer to user data * * Retrieves the line discipline id directly from the ldisc. * * Locking: waits for ldisc reference (in case the line discipline * is changing or the tty is being hungup) */ static int tiocgetd(struct tty_struct *tty, int __user *p) { struct tty_ldisc *ld; int ret; ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (!ld) return -EIO; ret = put_user(ld->ops->num, p); tty_ldisc_deref(ld); return ret; } /** * send_break - performed time break * @tty: device to break on * @duration: timeout in mS * * Perform a timed break on hardware that lacks its own driver level * timed break functionality. * * Locking: * atomic_write_lock serializes * */ static int send_break(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int duration) { int retval; if (tty->ops->break_ctl == NULL) return 0; if (tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_HARDWARE_BREAK) retval = tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, duration); else { /* Do the work ourselves */ if (tty_write_lock(tty, 0) < 0) return -EINTR; retval = tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, -1); if (retval) goto out; if (!signal_pending(current)) msleep_interruptible(duration); retval = tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, 0); out: tty_write_unlock(tty); if (signal_pending(current)) retval = -EINTR; } return retval; } /** * tty_tiocmget - get modem status * @tty: tty device * @p: pointer to result * * Obtain the modem status bits from the tty driver if the feature * is supported. Return -ENOTTY if it is not available. * * Locking: none (up to the driver) */ static int tty_tiocmget(struct tty_struct *tty, int __user *p) { int retval = -ENOTTY; if (tty->ops->tiocmget) { retval = tty->ops->tiocmget(tty); if (retval >= 0) retval = put_user(retval, p); } return retval; } /** * tty_tiocmset - set modem status * @tty: tty device * @cmd: command - clear bits, set bits or set all * @p: pointer to desired bits * * Set the modem status bits from the tty driver if the feature * is supported. Return -ENOTTY if it is not available. * * Locking: none (up to the driver) */ static int tty_tiocmset(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int cmd, unsigned __user *p) { int retval; unsigned int set, clear, val; if (tty->ops->tiocmset == NULL) return -ENOTTY; retval = get_user(val, p); if (retval) return retval; set = clear = 0; switch (cmd) { case TIOCMBIS: set = val; break; case TIOCMBIC: clear = val; break; case TIOCMSET: set = val; clear = ~val; break; } set &= TIOCM_DTR|TIOCM_RTS|TIOCM_OUT1|TIOCM_OUT2|TIOCM_LOOP; clear &= TIOCM_DTR|TIOCM_RTS|TIOCM_OUT1|TIOCM_OUT2|TIOCM_LOOP; return tty->ops->tiocmset(tty, set, clear); } static int tty_tiocgicount(struct tty_struct *tty, void __user *arg) { int retval = -EINVAL; struct serial_icounter_struct icount; memset(&icount, 0, sizeof(icount)); if (tty->ops->get_icount) retval = tty->ops->get_icount(tty, &icount); if (retval != 0) return retval; if (copy_to_user(arg, &icount, sizeof(icount))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } static int tty_tiocsserial(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_struct __user *ss) { static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(depr_flags, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; struct serial_struct v; int flags; if (copy_from_user(&v, ss, sizeof(*ss))) return -EFAULT; flags = v.flags & ASYNC_DEPRECATED; if (flags && __ratelimit(&depr_flags)) pr_warn("%s: '%s' is using deprecated serial flags (with no effect): %.8x\n", __func__, get_task_comm(comm, current), flags); if (!tty->ops->set_serial) return -ENOTTY; return tty->ops->set_serial(tty, &v); } static int tty_tiocgserial(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_struct __user *ss) { struct serial_struct v; int err; memset(&v, 0, sizeof(v)); if (!tty->ops->get_serial) return -ENOTTY; err = tty->ops->get_serial(tty, &v); if (!err && copy_to_user(ss, &v, sizeof(v))) err = -EFAULT; return err; } /* * if pty, return the slave side (real_tty) * otherwise, return self */ static struct tty_struct *tty_pair_get_tty(struct tty_struct *tty) { if (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY && tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER) tty = tty->link; return tty; } /* * Split this up, as gcc can choke on it otherwise.. */ long tty_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(file); struct tty_struct *real_tty; void __user *p = (void __user *)arg; int retval; struct tty_ldisc *ld; if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, file_inode(file), "tty_ioctl")) return -EINVAL; real_tty = tty_pair_get_tty(tty); /* * Factor out some common prep work */ switch (cmd) { case TIOCSETD: case TIOCSBRK: case TIOCCBRK: case TCSBRK: case TCSBRKP: retval = tty_check_change(tty); if (retval) return retval; if (cmd != TIOCCBRK) { tty_wait_until_sent(tty, 0); if (signal_pending(current)) return -EINTR; } break; } /* * Now do the stuff. */ switch (cmd) { case TIOCSTI: return tiocsti(tty, p); case TIOCGWINSZ: return tiocgwinsz(real_tty, p); case TIOCSWINSZ: return tiocswinsz(real_tty, p); case TIOCCONS: return real_tty != tty ? -EINVAL : tioccons(file); case TIOCEXCL: set_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags); return 0; case TIOCNXCL: clear_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags); return 0; case TIOCGEXCL: { int excl = test_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags); return put_user(excl, (int __user *)p); } case TIOCGETD: return tiocgetd(tty, p); case TIOCSETD: return tiocsetd(tty, p); case TIOCVHANGUP: if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; tty_vhangup(tty); return 0; case TIOCGDEV: { unsigned int ret = new_encode_dev(tty_devnum(real_tty)); return put_user(ret, (unsigned int __user *)p); } /* * Break handling */ case TIOCSBRK: /* Turn break on, unconditionally */ if (tty->ops->break_ctl) return tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, -1); return 0; case TIOCCBRK: /* Turn break off, unconditionally */ if (tty->ops->break_ctl) return tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, 0); return 0; case TCSBRK: /* SVID version: non-zero arg --> no break */ /* non-zero arg means wait for all output data * to be sent (performed above) but don't send break. * This is used by the tcdrain() termios function. */ if (!arg) return send_break(tty, 250); return 0; case TCSBRKP: /* support for POSIX tcsendbreak() */ return send_break(tty, arg ? arg*100 : 250); case TIOCMGET: return tty_tiocmget(tty, p); case TIOCMSET: case TIOCMBIC: case TIOCMBIS: return tty_tiocmset(tty, cmd, p); case TIOCGICOUNT: return tty_tiocgicount(tty, p); case TCFLSH: switch (arg) { case TCIFLUSH: case TCIOFLUSH: /* flush tty buffer and allow ldisc to process ioctl */ tty_buffer_flush(tty, NULL); break; } break; case TIOCSSERIAL: return tty_tiocsserial(tty, p); case TIOCGSERIAL: return tty_tiocgserial(tty, p); case TIOCGPTPEER: /* Special because the struct file is needed */ return ptm_open_peer(file, tty, (int)arg); default: retval = tty_jobctrl_ioctl(tty, real_tty, file, cmd, arg); if (retval != -ENOIOCTLCMD) return retval; } if (tty->ops->ioctl) { retval = tty->ops->ioctl(tty, cmd, arg); if (retval != -ENOIOCTLCMD) return retval; } ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (!ld) return hung_up_tty_ioctl(file, cmd, arg); retval = -EINVAL; if (ld->ops->ioctl) { retval = ld->ops->ioctl(tty, file, cmd, arg); if (retval == -ENOIOCTLCMD) retval = -ENOTTY; } tty_ldisc_deref(ld); return retval; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct serial_struct32 { compat_int_t type; compat_int_t line; compat_uint_t port; compat_int_t irq; compat_int_t flags; compat_int_t xmit_fifo_size; compat_int_t custom_divisor; compat_int_t baud_base; unsigned short close_delay; char io_type; char reserved_char; compat_int_t hub6; unsigned short closing_wait; /* time to wait before closing */ unsigned short closing_wait2; /* no longer used... */ compat_uint_t iomem_base; unsigned short iomem_reg_shift; unsigned int port_high; /* compat_ulong_t iomap_base FIXME */ compat_int_t reserved; }; static int compat_tty_tiocsserial(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_struct32 __user *ss) { static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(depr_flags, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; struct serial_struct32 v32; struct serial_struct v; int flags; if (copy_from_user(&v32, ss, sizeof(*ss))) return -EFAULT; memcpy(&v, &v32, offsetof(struct serial_struct32, iomem_base)); v.iomem_base = compat_ptr(v32.iomem_base); v.iomem_reg_shift = v32.iomem_reg_shift; v.port_high = v32.port_high; v.iomap_base = 0; flags = v.flags & ASYNC_DEPRECATED; if (flags && __ratelimit(&depr_flags)) pr_warn("%s: '%s' is using deprecated serial flags (with no effect): %.8x\n", __func__, get_task_comm(comm, current), flags); if (!tty->ops->set_serial) return -ENOTTY; return tty->ops->set_serial(tty, &v); } static int compat_tty_tiocgserial(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_struct32 __user *ss) { struct serial_struct32 v32; struct serial_struct v; int err; memset(&v, 0, sizeof(v)); memset(&v32, 0, sizeof(v32)); if (!tty->ops->get_serial) return -ENOTTY; err = tty->ops->get_serial(tty, &v); if (!err) { memcpy(&v32, &v, offsetof(struct serial_struct32, iomem_base)); v32.iomem_base = (unsigned long)v.iomem_base >> 32 ? 0xfffffff : ptr_to_compat(v.iomem_base); v32.iomem_reg_shift = v.iomem_reg_shift; v32.port_high = v.port_high; if (copy_to_user(ss, &v32, sizeof(v32))) err = -EFAULT; } return err; } static long tty_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct tty_struct *tty = file_tty(file); struct tty_ldisc *ld; int retval = -ENOIOCTLCMD; switch (cmd) { case TIOCOUTQ: case TIOCSTI: case TIOCGWINSZ: case TIOCSWINSZ: case TIOCGEXCL: case TIOCGETD: case TIOCSETD: case TIOCGDEV: case TIOCMGET: case TIOCMSET: case TIOCMBIC: case TIOCMBIS: case TIOCGICOUNT: case TIOCGPGRP: case TIOCSPGRP: case TIOCGSID: case TIOCSERGETLSR: case TIOCGRS485: case TIOCSRS485: #ifdef TIOCGETP case TIOCGETP: case TIOCSETP: case TIOCSETN: #endif #ifdef TIOCGETC case TIOCGETC: case TIOCSETC: #endif #ifdef TIOCGLTC case TIOCGLTC: case TIOCSLTC: #endif case TCSETSF: case TCSETSW: case TCSETS: case TCGETS: #ifdef TCGETS2 case TCGETS2: case TCSETSF2: case TCSETSW2: case TCSETS2: #endif case TCGETA: case TCSETAF: case TCSETAW: case TCSETA: case TIOCGLCKTRMIOS: case TIOCSLCKTRMIOS: #ifdef TCGETX case TCGETX: case TCSETX: case TCSETXW: case TCSETXF: #endif case TIOCGSOFTCAR: case TIOCSSOFTCAR: case PPPIOCGCHAN: case PPPIOCGUNIT: return tty_ioctl(file, cmd, (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg)); case TIOCCONS: case TIOCEXCL: case TIOCNXCL: case TIOCVHANGUP: case TIOCSBRK: case TIOCCBRK: case TCSBRK: case TCSBRKP: case TCFLSH: case TIOCGPTPEER: case TIOCNOTTY: case TIOCSCTTY: case TCXONC: case TIOCMIWAIT: case TIOCSERCONFIG: return tty_ioctl(file, cmd, arg); } if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, file_inode(file), "tty_ioctl")) return -EINVAL; switch (cmd) { case TIOCSSERIAL: return compat_tty_tiocsserial(tty, compat_ptr(arg)); case TIOCGSERIAL: return compat_tty_tiocgserial(tty, compat_ptr(arg)); } if (tty->ops->compat_ioctl) { retval = tty->ops->compat_ioctl(tty, cmd, arg); if (retval != -ENOIOCTLCMD) return retval; } ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty); if (!ld) return hung_up_tty_compat_ioctl(file, cmd, arg); if (ld->ops->compat_ioctl) retval = ld->ops->compat_ioctl(tty, file, cmd, arg); if (retval == -ENOIOCTLCMD && ld->ops->ioctl) retval = ld->ops->ioctl(tty, file, (unsigned long)compat_ptr(cmd), arg); tty_ldisc_deref(ld); return retval; } #endif static int this_tty(const void *t, struct file *file, unsigned fd) { if (likely(file->f_op->read_iter != tty_read)) return 0; return file_tty(file) != t ? 0 : fd + 1; } /* * This implements the "Secure Attention Key" --- the idea is to * prevent trojan horses by killing all processes associated with this * tty when the user hits the "Secure Attention Key". Required for * super-paranoid applications --- see the Orange Book for more details. * * This code could be nicer; ideally it should send a HUP, wait a few * seconds, then send a INT, and then a KILL signal. But you then * have to coordinate with the init process, since all processes associated * with the current tty must be dead before the new getty is allowed * to spawn. * * Now, if it would be correct ;-/ The current code has a nasty hole - * it doesn't catch files in flight. We may send the descriptor to ourselves * via AF_UNIX socket, close it and later fetch from socket. FIXME. * * Nasty bug: do_SAK is being called in interrupt context. This can * deadlock. We punt it up to process context. AKPM - 16Mar2001 */ void __do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty) { #ifdef TTY_SOFT_SAK tty_hangup(tty); #else struct task_struct *g, *p; struct pid *session; int i; unsigned long flags; if (!tty) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags); session = get_pid(tty->session); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags); tty_ldisc_flush(tty); tty_driver_flush_buffer(tty); read_lock(&tasklist_lock); /* Kill the entire session */ do_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p) { tty_notice(tty, "SAK: killed process %d (%s): by session\n", task_pid_nr(p), p->comm); group_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, p, PIDTYPE_SID); } while_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p); /* Now kill any processes that happen to have the tty open */ do_each_thread(g, p) { if (p->signal->tty == tty) { tty_notice(tty, "SAK: killed process %d (%s): by controlling tty\n", task_pid_nr(p), p->comm); group_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, p, PIDTYPE_SID); continue; } task_lock(p); i = iterate_fd(p->files, 0, this_tty, tty); if (i != 0) { tty_notice(tty, "SAK: killed process %d (%s): by fd#%d\n", task_pid_nr(p), p->comm, i - 1); group_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, p, PIDTYPE_SID); } task_unlock(p); } while_each_thread(g, p); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); put_pid(session); #endif } static void do_SAK_work(struct work_struct *work) { struct tty_struct *tty = container_of(work, struct tty_struct, SAK_work); __do_SAK(tty); } /* * The tq handling here is a little racy - tty->SAK_work may already be queued. * Fortunately we don't need to worry, because if ->SAK_work is already queued, * the values which we write to it will be identical to the values which it * already has. --akpm */ void do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty) { if (!tty) return; schedule_work(&tty->SAK_work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_SAK); /* Must put_device() after it's unused! */ static struct device *tty_get_device(struct tty_struct *tty) { dev_t devt = tty_devnum(tty); return class_find_device_by_devt(tty_class, devt); } /** * alloc_tty_struct * * This subroutine allocates and initializes a tty structure. * * Locking: none - tty in question is not exposed at this point */ struct tty_struct *alloc_tty_struct(struct tty_driver *driver, int idx) { struct tty_struct *tty; tty = kzalloc(sizeof(*tty), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tty) return NULL; kref_init(&tty->kref); tty->magic = TTY_MAGIC; if (tty_ldisc_init(tty)) { kfree(tty); return NULL; } tty->session = NULL; tty->pgrp = NULL; mutex_init(&tty->legacy_mutex); mutex_init(&tty->throttle_mutex); init_rwsem(&tty->termios_rwsem); mutex_init(&tty->winsize_mutex); init_ldsem(&tty->ldisc_sem); init_waitqueue_head(&tty->write_wait); init_waitqueue_head(&tty->read_wait); INIT_WORK(&tty->hangup_work, do_tty_hangup); mutex_init(&tty->atomic_write_lock); spin_lock_init(&tty->ctrl_lock); spin_lock_init(&tty->flow_lock); spin_lock_init(&tty->files_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tty->tty_files); INIT_WORK(&tty->SAK_work, do_SAK_work); tty->driver = driver; tty->ops = driver->ops; tty->index = idx; tty_line_name(driver, idx, tty->name); tty->dev = tty_get_device(tty); return tty; } /** * tty_put_char - write one character to a tty * @tty: tty * @ch: character * * Write one byte to the tty using the provided put_char method * if present. Returns the number of characters successfully output. * * Note: the specific put_char operation in the driver layer may go * away soon. Don't call it directly, use this method */ int tty_put_char(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned char ch) { if (tty->ops->put_char) return tty->ops->put_char(tty, ch); return tty->ops->write(tty, &ch, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_put_char); struct class *tty_class; static int tty_cdev_add(struct tty_driver *driver, dev_t dev, unsigned int index, unsigned int count) { int err; /* init here, since reused cdevs cause crashes */ driver->cdevs[index] = cdev_alloc(); if (!driver->cdevs[index]) return -ENOMEM; driver->cdevs[index]->ops = &tty_fops; driver->cdevs[index]->owner = driver->owner; err = cdev_add(driver->cdevs[index], dev, count); if (err) kobject_put(&driver->cdevs[index]->kobj); return err; } /** * tty_register_device - register a tty device * @driver: the tty driver that describes the tty device * @index: the index in the tty driver for this tty device * @device: a struct device that is associated with this tty device. * This field is optional, if there is no known struct device * for this tty device it can be set to NULL safely. * * Returns a pointer to the struct device for this tty device * (or ERR_PTR(-EFOO) on error). * * This call is required to be made to register an individual tty device * if the tty driver's flags have the TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV bit set. If * that bit is not set, this function should not be called by a tty * driver. * * Locking: ?? */ struct device *tty_register_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device) { return tty_register_device_attr(driver, index, device, NULL, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_register_device); static void tty_device_create_release(struct device *dev) { dev_dbg(dev, "releasing...\n"); kfree(dev); } /** * tty_register_device_attr - register a tty device * @driver: the tty driver that describes the tty device * @index: the index in the tty driver for this tty device * @device: a struct device that is associated with this tty device. * This field is optional, if there is no known struct device * for this tty device it can be set to NULL safely. * @drvdata: Driver data to be set to device. * @attr_grp: Attribute group to be set on device. * * Returns a pointer to the struct device for this tty device * (or ERR_PTR(-EFOO) on error). * * This call is required to be made to register an individual tty device * if the tty driver's flags have the TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV bit set. If * that bit is not set, this function should not be called by a tty * driver. * * Locking: ?? */ struct device *tty_register_device_attr(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **attr_grp) { char name[64]; dev_t devt = MKDEV(driver->major, driver->minor_start) + index; struct ktermios *tp; struct device *dev; int retval; if (index >= driver->num) { pr_err("%s: Attempt to register invalid tty line number (%d)\n", driver->name, index); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } if (driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY) pty_line_name(driver, index, name); else tty_line_name(driver, index, name); dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL); if (!dev) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); dev->devt = devt; dev->class = tty_class; dev->parent = device; dev->release = tty_device_create_release; dev_set_name(dev, "%s", name); dev->groups = attr_grp; dev_set_drvdata(dev, drvdata); dev_set_uevent_suppress(dev, 1); retval = device_register(dev); if (retval) goto err_put; if (!(driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_ALLOC)) { /* * Free any saved termios data so that the termios state is * reset when reusing a minor number. */ tp = driver->termios[index]; if (tp) { driver->termios[index] = NULL; kfree(tp); } retval = tty_cdev_add(driver, devt, index, 1); if (retval) goto err_del; } dev_set_uevent_suppress(dev, 0); kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_ADD); return dev; err_del: device_del(dev); err_put: put_device(dev); return ERR_PTR(retval); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_register_device_attr); /** * tty_unregister_device - unregister a tty device * @driver: the tty driver that describes the tty device * @index: the index in the tty driver for this tty device * * If a tty device is registered with a call to tty_register_device() then * this function must be called when the tty device is gone. * * Locking: ?? */ void tty_unregister_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index) { device_destroy(tty_class, MKDEV(driver->major, driver->minor_start) + index); if (!(driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_ALLOC)) { cdev_del(driver->cdevs[index]); driver->cdevs[index] = NULL; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_unregister_device); /** * __tty_alloc_driver -- allocate tty driver * @lines: count of lines this driver can handle at most * @owner: module which is responsible for this driver * @flags: some of TTY_DRIVER_* flags, will be set in driver->flags * * This should not be called directly, some of the provided macros should be * used instead. Use IS_ERR and friends on @retval. */ struct tty_driver *__tty_alloc_driver(unsigned int lines, struct module *owner, unsigned long flags) { struct tty_driver *driver; unsigned int cdevs = 1; int err; if (!lines || (flags & TTY_DRIVER_UNNUMBERED_NODE && lines > 1)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); driver = kzalloc(sizeof(*driver), GFP_KERNEL); if (!driver) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); kref_init(&driver->kref); driver->magic = TTY_DRIVER_MAGIC; driver->num = lines; driver->owner = owner; driver->flags = flags; if (!(flags & TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM)) { driver->ttys = kcalloc(lines, sizeof(*driver->ttys), GFP_KERNEL); driver->termios = kcalloc(lines, sizeof(*driver->termios), GFP_KERNEL); if (!driver->ttys || !driver->termios) { err = -ENOMEM; goto err_free_all; } } if (!(flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_ALLOC)) { driver->ports = kcalloc(lines, sizeof(*driver->ports), GFP_KERNEL); if (!driver->ports) { err = -ENOMEM; goto err_free_all; } cdevs = lines; } driver->cdevs = kcalloc(cdevs, sizeof(*driver->cdevs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!driver->cdevs) { err = -ENOMEM; goto err_free_all; } return driver; err_free_all: kfree(driver->ports); kfree(driver->ttys); kfree(driver->termios); kfree(driver->cdevs); kfree(driver); return ERR_PTR(err); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__tty_alloc_driver); static void destruct_tty_driver(struct kref *kref) { struct tty_driver *driver = container_of(kref, struct tty_driver, kref); int i; struct ktermios *tp; if (driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_INSTALLED) { for (i = 0; i < driver->num; i++) { tp = driver->termios[i]; if (tp) { driver->termios[i] = NULL; kfree(tp); } if (!(driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV)) tty_unregister_device(driver, i); } proc_tty_unregister_driver(driver); if (driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_ALLOC) cdev_del(driver->cdevs[0]); } kfree(driver->cdevs); kfree(driver->ports); kfree(driver->termios); kfree(driver->ttys); kfree(driver); } void tty_driver_kref_put(struct tty_driver *driver) { kref_put(&driver->kref, destruct_tty_driver); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_driver_kref_put); void tty_set_operations(struct tty_driver *driver, const struct tty_operations *op) { driver->ops = op; }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_set_operations); void put_tty_driver(struct tty_driver *d) { tty_driver_kref_put(d); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_tty_driver); /* * Called by a tty driver to register itself. */ int tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *driver) { int error; int i; dev_t dev; struct device *d; if (!driver->major) { error = alloc_chrdev_region(&dev, driver->minor_start, driver->num, driver->name); if (!error) { driver->major = MAJOR(dev); driver->minor_start = MINOR(dev); } } else { dev = MKDEV(driver->major, driver->minor_start); error = register_chrdev_region(dev, driver->num, driver->name); } if (error < 0) goto err; if (driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_ALLOC) { error = tty_cdev_add(driver, dev, 0, driver->num); if (error) goto err_unreg_char; } mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); list_add(&driver->tty_drivers, &tty_drivers); mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); if (!(driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV)) { for (i = 0; i < driver->num; i++) { d = tty_register_device(driver, i, NULL); if (IS_ERR(d)) { error = PTR_ERR(d); goto err_unreg_devs; } } } proc_tty_register_driver(driver); driver->flags |= TTY_DRIVER_INSTALLED; return 0; err_unreg_devs: for (i--; i >= 0; i--) tty_unregister_device(driver, i); mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); list_del(&driver->tty_drivers); mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); err_unreg_char: unregister_chrdev_region(dev, driver->num); err: return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_register_driver); /* * Called by a tty driver to unregister itself. */ int tty_unregister_driver(struct tty_driver *driver) { #if 0 /* FIXME */ if (driver->refcount) return -EBUSY; #endif unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(driver->major, driver->minor_start), driver->num); mutex_lock(&tty_mutex); list_del(&driver->tty_drivers); mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_unregister_driver); dev_t tty_devnum(struct tty_struct *tty) { return MKDEV(tty->driver->major, tty->driver->minor_start) + tty->index; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_devnum); void tty_default_fops(struct file_operations *fops) { *fops = tty_fops; } static char *tty_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode) { if (!mode) return NULL; if (dev->devt == MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 0) || dev->devt == MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 2)) *mode = 0666; return NULL; } static int __init tty_class_init(void) { tty_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "tty"); if (IS_ERR(tty_class)) return PTR_ERR(tty_class); tty_class->devnode = tty_devnode; return 0; } postcore_initcall(tty_class_init); /* 3/2004 jmc: why do these devices exist? */ static struct cdev tty_cdev, console_cdev; static ssize_t show_cons_active(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct console *cs[16]; int i = 0; struct console *c; ssize_t count = 0; console_lock(); for_each_console(c) { if (!c->device) continue; if (!c->write) continue; if ((c->flags & CON_ENABLED) == 0) continue; cs[i++] = c; if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(cs)) break; } while (i--) { int index = cs[i]->index; struct tty_driver *drv = cs[i]->device(cs[i], &index); /* don't resolve tty0 as some programs depend on it */ if (drv && (cs[i]->index > 0 || drv->major != TTY_MAJOR)) count += tty_line_name(drv, index, buf + count); else count += sprintf(buf + count, "%s%d", cs[i]->name, cs[i]->index); count += sprintf(buf + count, "%c", i ? ' ':'\n'); } console_unlock(); return count; } static DEVICE_ATTR(active, S_IRUGO, show_cons_active, NULL); static struct attribute *cons_dev_attrs[] = { &dev_attr_active.attr, NULL }; ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(cons_dev); static struct device *consdev; void console_sysfs_notify(void) { if (consdev) sysfs_notify(&consdev->kobj, NULL, "active"); } /* * Ok, now we can initialize the rest of the tty devices and can count * on memory allocations, interrupts etc.. */ int __init tty_init(void) { tty_sysctl_init(); cdev_init(&tty_cdev, &tty_fops); if (cdev_add(&tty_cdev, MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 0), 1) || register_chrdev_region(MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 0), 1, "/dev/tty") < 0) panic("Couldn't register /dev/tty driver\n"); device_create(tty_class, NULL, MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 0), NULL, "tty"); cdev_init(&console_cdev, &console_fops); if (cdev_add(&console_cdev, MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 1), 1) || register_chrdev_region(MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 1), 1, "/dev/console") < 0) panic("Couldn't register /dev/console driver\n"); consdev = device_create_with_groups(tty_class, NULL, MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 1), NULL, cons_dev_groups, "console"); if (IS_ERR(consdev)) consdev = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_VT vty_init(&console_fops); #endif return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NET Generic infrastructure for INET connection oriented protocols. * * Definitions for inet_connection_sock * * Authors: Many people, see the TCP sources * * From code originally in TCP */ #ifndef _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H #define _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> /* Cancel timers, when they are not required. */ #undef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS struct inet_bind_bucket; struct tcp_congestion_ops; /* * Pointers to address related TCP functions * (i.e. things that depend on the address family) */ struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops { int (*queue_xmit)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); void (*send_check)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*rebuild_header)(struct sock *sk); void (*sk_rx_dst_set)(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*conn_request)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *(*syn_recv_sock)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req_unhash, bool *own_req); u16 net_header_len; u16 net_frag_header_len; u16 sockaddr_len; int (*setsockopt)(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int (*getsockopt)(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); void (*addr2sockaddr)(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *); void (*mtu_reduced)(struct sock *sk); }; /** inet_connection_sock - INET connection oriented sock * * @icsk_accept_queue: FIFO of established children * @icsk_bind_hash: Bind node * @icsk_timeout: Timeout * @icsk_retransmit_timer: Resend (no ack) * @icsk_rto: Retransmit timeout * @icsk_pmtu_cookie Last pmtu seen by socket * @icsk_ca_ops Pluggable congestion control hook * @icsk_af_ops Operations which are AF_INET{4,6} specific * @icsk_ulp_ops Pluggable ULP control hook * @icsk_ulp_data ULP private data * @icsk_clean_acked Clean acked data hook * @icsk_listen_portaddr_node hash to the portaddr listener hashtable * @icsk_ca_state: Congestion control state * @icsk_retransmits: Number of unrecovered [RTO] timeouts * @icsk_pending: Scheduled timer event * @icsk_backoff: Backoff * @icsk_syn_retries: Number of allowed SYN (or equivalent) retries * @icsk_probes_out: unanswered 0 window probes * @icsk_ext_hdr_len: Network protocol overhead (IP/IPv6 options) * @icsk_ack: Delayed ACK control data * @icsk_mtup; MTU probing control data * @icsk_probes_tstamp: Probe timestamp (cleared by non-zero window ack) * @icsk_user_timeout: TCP_USER_TIMEOUT value */ struct inet_connection_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member! */ struct inet_sock icsk_inet; struct request_sock_queue icsk_accept_queue; struct inet_bind_bucket *icsk_bind_hash; unsigned long icsk_timeout; struct timer_list icsk_retransmit_timer; struct timer_list icsk_delack_timer; __u32 icsk_rto; __u32 icsk_rto_min; __u32 icsk_delack_max; __u32 icsk_pmtu_cookie; const struct tcp_congestion_ops *icsk_ca_ops; const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops *icsk_af_ops; const struct tcp_ulp_ops *icsk_ulp_ops; void __rcu *icsk_ulp_data; void (*icsk_clean_acked)(struct sock *sk, u32 acked_seq); struct hlist_node icsk_listen_portaddr_node; unsigned int (*icsk_sync_mss)(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu); __u8 icsk_ca_state:5, icsk_ca_initialized:1, icsk_ca_setsockopt:1, icsk_ca_dst_locked:1; __u8 icsk_retransmits; __u8 icsk_pending; __u8 icsk_backoff; __u8 icsk_syn_retries; __u8 icsk_probes_out; __u16 icsk_ext_hdr_len; struct { __u8 pending; /* ACK is pending */ __u8 quick; /* Scheduled number of quick acks */ __u8 pingpong; /* The session is interactive */ __u8 retry; /* Number of attempts */ __u32 ato; /* Predicted tick of soft clock */ unsigned long timeout; /* Currently scheduled timeout */ __u32 lrcvtime; /* timestamp of last received data packet */ __u16 last_seg_size; /* Size of last incoming segment */ __u16 rcv_mss; /* MSS used for delayed ACK decisions */ } icsk_ack; struct { int enabled; /* Range of MTUs to search */ int search_high; int search_low; /* Information on the current probe. */ int probe_size; u32 probe_timestamp; } icsk_mtup; u32 icsk_probes_tstamp; u32 icsk_user_timeout; u64 icsk_ca_priv[104 / sizeof(u64)]; #define ICSK_CA_PRIV_SIZE (13 * sizeof(u64)) }; #define ICSK_TIME_RETRANS 1 /* Retransmit timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_DACK 2 /* Delayed ack timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_PROBE0 3 /* Zero window probe timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_EARLY_RETRANS 4 /* Early retransmit timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_LOSS_PROBE 5 /* Tail loss probe timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_REO_TIMEOUT 6 /* Reordering timer */ static inline struct inet_connection_sock *inet_csk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct inet_connection_sock *)sk; } static inline void *inet_csk_ca(const struct sock *sk) { return (void *)inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_priv; } struct sock *inet_csk_clone_lock(const struct sock *sk, const struct request_sock *req, const gfp_t priority); enum inet_csk_ack_state_t { ICSK_ACK_SCHED = 1, ICSK_ACK_TIMER = 2, ICSK_ACK_PUSHED = 4, ICSK_ACK_PUSHED2 = 8, ICSK_ACK_NOW = 16 /* Send the next ACK immediately (once) */ }; void inet_csk_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk, void (*retransmit_handler)(struct timer_list *), void (*delack_handler)(struct timer_list *), void (*keepalive_handler)(struct timer_list *)); void inet_csk_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk); static inline void inet_csk_schedule_ack(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pending |= ICSK_ACK_SCHED; } static inline int inet_csk_ack_scheduled(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pending & ICSK_ACK_SCHED; } static inline void inet_csk_delack_init(struct sock *sk) { memset(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack, 0, sizeof(inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack)); } void inet_csk_delete_keepalive_timer(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_reset_keepalive_timer(struct sock *sk, unsigned long timeout); static inline void inet_csk_clear_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (what == ICSK_TIME_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_PROBE0) { icsk->icsk_pending = 0; #ifdef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS sk_stop_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer); #endif } else if (what == ICSK_TIME_DACK) { icsk->icsk_ack.pending = 0; icsk->icsk_ack.retry = 0; #ifdef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS sk_stop_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer); #endif } else { pr_debug("inet_csk BUG: unknown timer value\n"); } } /* * Reset the retransmission timer */ static inline void inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what, unsigned long when, const unsigned long max_when) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (when > max_when) { pr_debug("reset_xmit_timer: sk=%p %d when=0x%lx, caller=%p\n", sk, what, when, (void *)_THIS_IP_); when = max_when; } if (what == ICSK_TIME_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_PROBE0 || what == ICSK_TIME_EARLY_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_LOSS_PROBE || what == ICSK_TIME_REO_TIMEOUT) { icsk->icsk_pending = what; icsk->icsk_timeout = jiffies + when; sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer, icsk->icsk_timeout); } else if (what == ICSK_TIME_DACK) { icsk->icsk_ack.pending |= ICSK_ACK_TIMER; icsk->icsk_ack.timeout = jiffies + when; sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer, icsk->icsk_ack.timeout); } else { pr_debug("inet_csk BUG: unknown timer value\n"); } } static inline unsigned long inet_csk_rto_backoff(const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, unsigned long max_when) { u64 when = (u64)icsk->icsk_rto << icsk->icsk_backoff; return (unsigned long)min_t(u64, when, max_when); } struct sock *inet_csk_accept(struct sock *sk, int flags, int *err, bool kern); int inet_csk_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_route_req(const struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct request_sock *req); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_route_child_sock(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk, const struct request_sock *req); struct sock *inet_csk_reqsk_queue_add(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, struct sock *child); void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_hash_add(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, unsigned long timeout); struct sock *inet_csk_complete_hashdance(struct sock *sk, struct sock *child, struct request_sock *req, bool own_req); static inline void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_added(struct sock *sk) { reqsk_queue_added(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue); } static inline int inet_csk_reqsk_queue_len(const struct sock *sk) { return reqsk_queue_len(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue); } static inline int inet_csk_reqsk_queue_is_full(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk_reqsk_queue_len(sk) >= sk->sk_max_ack_backlog; } bool inet_csk_reqsk_queue_drop(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_drop_and_put(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); static inline void inet_csk_prepare_for_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk) { /* The below has to be done to allow calling inet_csk_destroy_sock */ sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD); percpu_counter_inc(sk->sk_prot->orphan_count); } void inet_csk_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_prepare_forced_close(struct sock *sk); /* * LISTEN is a special case for poll.. */ static inline __poll_t inet_csk_listen_poll(const struct sock *sk) { return !reqsk_queue_empty(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue) ? (EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM) : 0; } int inet_csk_listen_start(struct sock *sk, int backlog); void inet_csk_listen_stop(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_addr2sockaddr(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr); /* update the fast reuse flag when adding a socket */ void inet_csk_update_fastreuse(struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, struct sock *sk); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_update_pmtu(struct sock *sk, u32 mtu); #define TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH 3 static inline void inet_csk_enter_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong = TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH; } static inline void inet_csk_exit_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong = 0; } static inline bool inet_csk_in_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong >= TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH; } static inline void inet_csk_inc_pingpong_cnt(struct sock *sk) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong < U8_MAX) icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong++; } static inline bool inet_csk_has_ulp(struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->is_icsk && !!inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ulp_ops; } #endif /* _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NDISC_H #define _NDISC_H #include <net/ipv6_stubs.h> /* * ICMP codes for neighbour discovery messages */ #define NDISC_ROUTER_SOLICITATION 133 #define NDISC_ROUTER_ADVERTISEMENT 134 #define NDISC_NEIGHBOUR_SOLICITATION 135 #define NDISC_NEIGHBOUR_ADVERTISEMENT 136 #define NDISC_REDIRECT 137 /* * Router type: cross-layer information from link-layer to * IPv6 layer reported by certain link types (e.g., RFC4214). */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_UNSPEC 0 /* unspecified (default) */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_HOST 1 /* host or unauthorized router */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_NODEFAULT 2 /* non-default router */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_DEFAULT 3 /* default router */ /* * ndisc options */ enum { __ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO_END = 0, ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR = 1, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR = 2, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO = 3, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_REDIRECT_HDR = 4, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_MTU = 5, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_NONCE = 14, /* RFC7527 */ __ND_OPT_ARRAY_MAX, ND_OPT_ROUTE_INFO = 24, /* RFC4191 */ ND_OPT_RDNSS = 25, /* RFC5006 */ ND_OPT_DNSSL = 31, /* RFC6106 */ ND_OPT_6CO = 34, /* RFC6775 */ ND_OPT_CAPTIVE_PORTAL = 37, /* RFC7710 */ ND_OPT_PREF64 = 38, /* RFC8781 */ __ND_OPT_MAX }; #define MAX_RTR_SOLICITATION_DELAY HZ #define ND_REACHABLE_TIME (30*HZ) #define ND_RETRANS_TIMER HZ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/icmpv6.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> /* Set to 3 to get tracing... */ #define ND_DEBUG 1 #define ND_PRINTK(val, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ if (val <= ND_DEBUG) \ net_##level##_ratelimited(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) struct ctl_table; struct inet6_dev; struct net_device; struct net_proto_family; struct sk_buff; struct prefix_info; extern struct neigh_table nd_tbl; struct nd_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; struct in6_addr target; __u8 opt[]; }; struct rs_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; __u8 opt[]; }; struct ra_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; __be32 reachable_time; __be32 retrans_timer; }; struct rd_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; struct in6_addr target; struct in6_addr dest; __u8 opt[]; }; struct nd_opt_hdr { __u8 nd_opt_type; __u8 nd_opt_len; } __packed; /* ND options */ struct ndisc_options { struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt_array[__ND_OPT_ARRAY_MAX]; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_ROUTE_INFO struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opts_ri; struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opts_ri_end; #endif struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_useropts; struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_useropts_end; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR + 1]; #endif }; #define nd_opts_src_lladdr nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR] #define nd_opts_tgt_lladdr nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR] #define nd_opts_pi nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO] #define nd_opts_pi_end nd_opt_array[__ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO_END] #define nd_opts_rh nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_REDIRECT_HDR] #define nd_opts_mtu nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_MTU] #define nd_opts_nonce nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_NONCE] #define nd_802154_opts_src_lladdr nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR] #define nd_802154_opts_tgt_lladdr nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR] #define NDISC_OPT_SPACE(len) (((len)+2+7)&~7) struct ndisc_options *ndisc_parse_options(const struct net_device *dev, u8 *opt, int opt_len, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); void __ndisc_fill_addr_option(struct sk_buff *skb, int type, void *data, int data_len, int pad); #define NDISC_OPS_REDIRECT_DATA_SPACE 2 /* * This structure defines the hooks for IPv6 neighbour discovery. * The following hooks can be defined; unless noted otherwise, they are * optional and can be filled with a null pointer. * * int (*is_useropt)(u8 nd_opt_type): * This function is called when IPv6 decide RA userspace options. if * this function returns 1 then the option given by nd_opt_type will * be handled as userspace option additional to the IPv6 options. * * int (*parse_options)(const struct net_device *dev, * struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, * struct ndisc_options *ndopts): * This function is called while parsing ndisc ops and put each position * as pointer into ndopts. If this function return unequal 0, then this * function took care about the ndisc option, if 0 then the IPv6 ndisc * option parser will take care about that option. * * void (*update)(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, * u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, * const struct ndisc_options *ndopts): * This function is called when IPv6 ndisc updates the neighbour cache * entry. Additional options which can be updated may be previously * parsed by parse_opts callback and accessible over ndopts parameter. * * int (*opt_addr_space)(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type, * struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, * u8 **ha): * This function is called when the necessary option space will be * calculated before allocating a skb. The parameters neigh, ha_buf * abd ha are available on NDISC_REDIRECT messages only. * * void (*fill_addr_option)(const struct net_device *dev, * struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type, * const u8 *ha): * This function is called when the skb will finally fill the option * fields inside skb. NOTE: this callback should fill the option * fields to the skb which are previously indicated by opt_space * parameter. That means the decision to add such option should * not lost between these two callbacks, e.g. protected by interface * up state. * * void (*prefix_rcv_add_addr)(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, * const struct prefix_info *pinfo, * struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, * struct in6_addr *addr, * int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, * bool sllao, bool tokenized, * __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, * bool dev_addr_generated): * This function is called when a RA messages is received with valid * PIO option fields and an IPv6 address will be added to the interface * for autoconfiguration. The parameter dev_addr_generated reports about * if the address was based on dev->dev_addr or not. This can be used * to add a second address if link-layer operates with two link layer * addresses. E.g. 802.15.4 6LoWPAN. */ struct ndisc_ops { int (*is_useropt)(u8 nd_opt_type); int (*parse_options)(const struct net_device *dev, struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); void (*update)(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, const struct ndisc_options *ndopts); int (*opt_addr_space)(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, u8 **ha); void (*fill_addr_option)(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type, const u8 *ha); void (*prefix_rcv_add_addr)(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct prefix_info *pinfo, struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, struct in6_addr *addr, int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, bool sllao, bool tokenized, __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, bool dev_addr_generated); }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ndisc_ops_is_useropt(const struct net_device *dev, u8 nd_opt_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->is_useropt) return dev->ndisc_ops->is_useropt(nd_opt_type); else return 0; } static inline int ndisc_ops_parse_options(const struct net_device *dev, struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, struct ndisc_options *ndopts) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->parse_options) return dev->ndisc_ops->parse_options(dev, nd_opt, ndopts); else return 0; } static inline void ndisc_ops_update(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, const struct ndisc_options *ndopts) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->update) dev->ndisc_ops->update(dev, n, flags, icmp6_type, ndopts); } static inline int ndisc_ops_opt_addr_space(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space && icmp6_type != NDISC_REDIRECT) return dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space(dev, icmp6_type, NULL, NULL, NULL); else return 0; } static inline int ndisc_ops_redirect_opt_addr_space(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, u8 **ha) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space) return dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space(dev, NDISC_REDIRECT, neigh, ha_buf, ha); else return 0; } static inline void ndisc_ops_fill_addr_option(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option && icmp6_type != NDISC_REDIRECT) dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option(dev, skb, icmp6_type, NULL); } static inline void ndisc_ops_fill_redirect_addr_option(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, const u8 *ha) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option) dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option(dev, skb, NDISC_REDIRECT, ha); } static inline void ndisc_ops_prefix_rcv_add_addr(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct prefix_info *pinfo, struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, struct in6_addr *addr, int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, bool sllao, bool tokenized, __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, bool dev_addr_generated) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->prefix_rcv_add_addr) dev->ndisc_ops->prefix_rcv_add_addr(net, dev, pinfo, in6_dev, addr, addr_type, addr_flags, sllao, tokenized, valid_lft, prefered_lft, dev_addr_generated); } #endif /* * Return the padding between the option length and the start of the * link addr. Currently only IP-over-InfiniBand needs this, although * if RFC 3831 IPv6-over-Fibre Channel is ever implemented it may * also need a pad of 2. */ static inline int ndisc_addr_option_pad(unsigned short type) { switch (type) { case ARPHRD_INFINIBAND: return 2; default: return 0; } } static inline int __ndisc_opt_addr_space(unsigned char addr_len, int pad) { return NDISC_OPT_SPACE(addr_len + pad); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ndisc_opt_addr_space(struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_space(dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)) + ndisc_ops_opt_addr_space(dev, icmp6_type); } static inline int ndisc_redirect_opt_addr_space(struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ops_data_buf, u8 **ops_data) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_space(dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)) + ndisc_ops_redirect_opt_addr_space(dev, neigh, ops_data_buf, ops_data); } #endif static inline u8 *__ndisc_opt_addr_data(struct nd_opt_hdr *p, unsigned char addr_len, int prepad) { u8 *lladdr = (u8 *)(p + 1); int lladdrlen = p->nd_opt_len << 3; if (lladdrlen != __ndisc_opt_addr_space(addr_len, prepad)) return NULL; return lladdr + prepad; } static inline u8 *ndisc_opt_addr_data(struct nd_opt_hdr *p, struct net_device *dev) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_data(p, dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)); } static inline u32 ndisc_hashfn(const void *pkey, const struct net_device *dev, __u32 *hash_rnd) { const u32 *p32 = pkey; return (((p32[0] ^ hash32_ptr(dev)) * hash_rnd[0]) + (p32[1] * hash_rnd[1]) + (p32[2] * hash_rnd[2]) + (p32[3] * hash_rnd[3])); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { return ___neigh_lookup_noref(&nd_tbl, neigh_key_eq128, ndisc_hashfn, pkey, dev); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { return ___neigh_lookup_noref(ipv6_stub->nd_tbl, neigh_key_eq128, ndisc_hashfn, pkey, dev); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, pkey); if (n && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&n->refcnt)) n = NULL; rcu_read_unlock_bh(); return n; } static inline void __ipv6_confirm_neigh(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, pkey); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } static inline void __ipv6_confirm_neigh_stub(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(dev, pkey); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } /* uses ipv6_stub and is meant for use outside of IPv6 core */ static inline struct neighbour *ip_neigh_gw6(struct net_device *dev, const void *addr) { struct neighbour *neigh; neigh = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(dev, addr); if (unlikely(!neigh)) neigh = __neigh_create(ipv6_stub->nd_tbl, addr, dev, false); return neigh; } int ndisc_init(void); int ndisc_late_init(void); void ndisc_late_cleanup(void); void ndisc_cleanup(void); int ndisc_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); void ndisc_send_ns(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *solicit, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr, u64 nonce); void ndisc_send_rs(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr); void ndisc_send_na(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *solicited_addr, bool router, bool solicited, bool override, bool inc_opt); void ndisc_send_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct in6_addr *target); int ndisc_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf, struct net_device *dev, int dir); void ndisc_update(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, const u8 *lladdr, u8 new, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); /* * IGMP */ int igmp6_init(void); int igmp6_late_init(void); void igmp6_cleanup(void); void igmp6_late_cleanup(void); int igmp6_event_query(struct sk_buff *skb); int igmp6_event_report(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int ndisc_ifinfo_sysctl_change(struct ctl_table *ctl, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int ndisc_ifinfo_sysctl_strategy(struct ctl_table *ctl, void __user *oldval, size_t __user *oldlenp, void __user *newval, size_t newlen); #endif void inet6_ifinfo_notify(int event, struct inet6_dev *idev); #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Wakeup statistics in sysfs * * Copyright (c) 2019 Linux Foundation * Copyright (c) 2019 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> * Copyright (c) 2019 Google Inc. */ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/timekeeping.h> #include "power.h" static struct class *wakeup_class; #define wakeup_attr(_name) \ static ssize_t _name##_show(struct device *dev, \ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) \ { \ struct wakeup_source *ws = dev_get_drvdata(dev); \ \ return sysfs_emit(buf, "%lu\n", ws->_name); \ } \ static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(_name) wakeup_attr(active_count); wakeup_attr(event_count); wakeup_attr(wakeup_count); wakeup_attr(expire_count); static ssize_t active_time_ms_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct wakeup_source *ws = dev_get_drvdata(dev); ktime_t active_time = ws->active ? ktime_sub(ktime_get(), ws->last_time) : 0; return sysfs_emit(buf, "%lld\n", ktime_to_ms(active_time)); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(active_time_ms); static ssize_t total_time_ms_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct wakeup_source *ws = dev_get_drvdata(dev); ktime_t active_time; ktime_t total_time = ws->total_time; if (ws->active) { active_time = ktime_sub(ktime_get(), ws->last_time); total_time = ktime_add(total_time, active_time); } return sysfs_emit(buf, "%lld\n", ktime_to_ms(total_time)); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(total_time_ms); static ssize_t max_time_ms_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct wakeup_source *ws = dev_get_drvdata(dev); ktime_t active_time; ktime_t max_time = ws->max_time; if (ws->active) { active_time = ktime_sub(ktime_get(), ws->last_time); if (active_time > max_time) max_time = active_time; } return sysfs_emit(buf, "%lld\n", ktime_to_ms(max_time)); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(max_time_ms); static ssize_t last_change_ms_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct wakeup_source *ws = dev_get_drvdata(dev); return sysfs_emit(buf, "%lld\n", ktime_to_ms(ws->last_time)); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(last_change_ms); static ssize_t name_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct wakeup_source *ws = dev_get_drvdata(dev); return sysfs_emit(buf, "%s\n", ws->name); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(name); static ssize_t prevent_suspend_time_ms_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct wakeup_source *ws = dev_get_drvdata(dev); ktime_t prevent_sleep_time = ws->prevent_sleep_time; if (ws->active && ws->autosleep_enabled) { prevent_sleep_time = ktime_add(prevent_sleep_time, ktime_sub(ktime_get(), ws->start_prevent_time)); } return sysfs_emit(buf, "%lld\n", ktime_to_ms(prevent_sleep_time)); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(prevent_suspend_time_ms); static struct attribute *wakeup_source_attrs[] = { &dev_attr_name.attr, &dev_attr_active_count.attr, &dev_attr_event_count.attr, &dev_attr_wakeup_count.attr, &dev_attr_expire_count.attr, &dev_attr_active_time_ms.attr, &dev_attr_total_time_ms.attr, &dev_attr_max_time_ms.attr, &dev_attr_last_change_ms.attr, &dev_attr_prevent_suspend_time_ms.attr, NULL, }; ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(wakeup_source); static void device_create_release(struct device *dev) { kfree(dev); } static struct device *wakeup_source_device_create(struct device *parent, struct wakeup_source *ws) { struct device *dev = NULL; int retval = -ENODEV; dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL); if (!dev) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto error; } device_initialize(dev); dev->devt = MKDEV(0, 0); dev->class = wakeup_class; dev->parent = parent; dev->groups = wakeup_source_groups; dev->release = device_create_release; dev_set_drvdata(dev, ws); device_set_pm_not_required(dev); retval = kobject_set_name(&dev->kobj, "wakeup%d", ws->id); if (retval) goto error; retval = device_add(dev); if (retval) goto error; return dev; error: put_device(dev); return ERR_PTR(retval); } /** * wakeup_source_sysfs_add - Add wakeup_source attributes to sysfs. * @parent: Device given wakeup source is associated with (or NULL if virtual). * @ws: Wakeup source to be added in sysfs. */ int wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent, struct wakeup_source *ws) { struct device *dev; dev = wakeup_source_device_create(parent, ws); if (IS_ERR(dev)) return PTR_ERR(dev); ws->dev = dev; return 0; } /** * pm_wakeup_source_sysfs_add - Add wakeup_source attributes to sysfs * for a device if they're missing. * @parent: Device given wakeup source is associated with */ int pm_wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent) { if (!parent->power.wakeup || parent->power.wakeup->dev) return 0; return wakeup_source_sysfs_add(parent, parent->power.wakeup); } /** * wakeup_source_sysfs_remove - Remove wakeup_source attributes from sysfs. * @ws: Wakeup source to be removed from sysfs. */ void wakeup_source_sysfs_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws) { device_unregister(ws->dev); } static int __init wakeup_sources_sysfs_init(void) { wakeup_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "wakeup"); return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(wakeup_class); } postcore_initcall(wakeup_sources_sysfs_init);
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kernfs.h - pseudo filesystem decoupled from vfs locking */ #ifndef __LINUX_KERNFS_H #define __LINUX_KERNFS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/wait.h> struct file; struct dentry; struct iattr; struct seq_file; struct vm_area_struct; struct super_block; struct file_system_type; struct poll_table_struct; struct fs_context; struct kernfs_fs_context; struct kernfs_open_node; struct kernfs_iattrs; enum kernfs_node_type { KERNFS_DIR = 0x0001, KERNFS_FILE = 0x0002, KERNFS_LINK = 0x0004, }; #define KERNFS_TYPE_MASK 0x000f #define KERNFS_FLAG_MASK ~KERNFS_TYPE_MASK #define KERNFS_MAX_USER_XATTRS 128 #define KERNFS_USER_XATTR_SIZE_LIMIT (128 << 10) enum kernfs_node_flag { KERNFS_ACTIVATED = 0x0010, KERNFS_NS = 0x0020, KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW = 0x0040, KERNFS_HAS_MMAP = 0x0080, KERNFS_LOCKDEP = 0x0100, KERNFS_SUICIDAL = 0x0400, KERNFS_SUICIDED = 0x0800, KERNFS_EMPTY_DIR = 0x1000, KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE = 0x2000, }; /* @flags for kernfs_create_root() */ enum kernfs_root_flag { /* * kernfs_nodes are created in the deactivated state and invisible. * They require explicit kernfs_activate() to become visible. This * can be used to make related nodes become visible atomically * after all nodes are created successfully. */ KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED = 0x0001, /* * For regular files, if the opener has CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE, open(2) * succeeds regardless of the RW permissions. sysfs had an extra * layer of enforcement where open(2) fails with -EACCES regardless * of CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE if the permission doesn't have the * respective read or write access at all (none of S_IRUGO or * S_IWUGO) or the respective operation isn't implemented. The * following flag enables that behavior. */ KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK = 0x0002, /* * The filesystem supports exportfs operation, so userspace can use * fhandle to access nodes of the fs. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP = 0x0004, /* * Support user xattrs to be written to nodes rooted at this root. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_USER_XATTR = 0x0008, }; /* type-specific structures for kernfs_node union members */ struct kernfs_elem_dir { unsigned long subdirs; /* children rbtree starts here and goes through kn->rb */ struct rb_root children; /* * The kernfs hierarchy this directory belongs to. This fits * better directly in kernfs_node but is here to save space. */ struct kernfs_root *root; }; struct kernfs_elem_symlink { struct kernfs_node *target_kn; }; struct kernfs_elem_attr { const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_node *open; loff_t size; struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */ }; /* * kernfs_node - the building block of kernfs hierarchy. Each and every * kernfs node is represented by single kernfs_node. Most fields are * private to kernfs and shouldn't be accessed directly by kernfs users. * * As long as s_count reference is held, the kernfs_node itself is * accessible. Dereferencing elem or any other outer entity requires * active reference. */ struct kernfs_node { atomic_t count; atomic_t active; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif /* * Use kernfs_get_parent() and kernfs_name/path() instead of * accessing the following two fields directly. If the node is * never moved to a different parent, it is safe to access the * parent directly. */ struct kernfs_node *parent; const char *name; struct rb_node rb; const void *ns; /* namespace tag */ unsigned int hash; /* ns + name hash */ union { struct kernfs_elem_dir dir; struct kernfs_elem_symlink symlink; struct kernfs_elem_attr attr; }; void *priv; /* * 64bit unique ID. On 64bit ino setups, id is the ino. On 32bit, * the low 32bits are ino and upper generation. */ u64 id; unsigned short flags; umode_t mode; struct kernfs_iattrs *iattr; }; /* * kernfs_syscall_ops may be specified on kernfs_create_root() to support * syscalls. These optional callbacks are invoked on the matching syscalls * and can perform any kernfs operations which don't necessarily have to be * the exact operation requested. An active reference is held for each * kernfs_node parameter. */ struct kernfs_syscall_ops { int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_root *root); int (*mkdir)(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode); int (*rmdir)(struct kernfs_node *kn); int (*rename)(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_root *root); }; struct kernfs_root { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned int flags; /* KERNFS_ROOT_* flags */ /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct idr ino_idr; u32 last_id_lowbits; u32 id_highbits; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *syscall_ops; /* list of kernfs_super_info of this root, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head supers; wait_queue_head_t deactivate_waitq; }; struct kernfs_open_file { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; struct file *file; struct seq_file *seq_file; void *priv; /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct mutex mutex; struct mutex prealloc_mutex; int event; struct list_head list; char *prealloc_buf; size_t atomic_write_len; bool mmapped:1; bool released:1; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; }; struct kernfs_ops { /* * Optional open/release methods. Both are called with * @of->seq_file populated. */ int (*open)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); void (*release)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); /* * Read is handled by either seq_file or raw_read(). * * If seq_show() is present, seq_file path is active. Other seq * operations are optional and if not implemented, the behavior is * equivalent to single_open(). @sf->private points to the * associated kernfs_open_file. * * read() is bounced through kernel buffer and a read larger than * PAGE_SIZE results in partial operation of PAGE_SIZE. */ int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); void *(*seq_start)(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos); void *(*seq_next)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos); void (*seq_stop)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); ssize_t (*read)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); /* * write() is bounced through kernel buffer. If atomic_write_len * is not set, a write larger than PAGE_SIZE results in partial * operations of PAGE_SIZE chunks. If atomic_write_len is set, * writes upto the specified size are executed atomically but * larger ones are rejected with -E2BIG. */ size_t atomic_write_len; /* * "prealloc" causes a buffer to be allocated at open for * all read/write requests. As ->seq_show uses seq_read() * which does its own allocation, it is incompatible with * ->prealloc. Provide ->read and ->write with ->prealloc. */ bool prealloc; ssize_t (*write)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); __poll_t (*poll)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); int (*mmap)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lock_class_key lockdep_key; #endif }; /* * The kernfs superblock creation/mount parameter context. */ struct kernfs_fs_context { struct kernfs_root *root; /* Root of the hierarchy being mounted */ void *ns_tag; /* Namespace tag of the mount (or NULL) */ unsigned long magic; /* File system specific magic number */ /* The following are set/used by kernfs_mount() */ bool new_sb_created; /* Set to T if we allocated a new sb */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_KERNFS static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_TYPE_MASK; } static inline ino_t kernfs_id_ino(u64 id) { /* id is ino if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, low 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return id; else return (u32)id; } static inline u32 kernfs_id_gen(u64 id) { /* gen is fixed at 1 if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, high 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return 1; else return id >> 32; } static inline ino_t kernfs_ino(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_ino(kn->id); } static inline ino_t kernfs_gen(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_gen(kn->id); } /** * kernfs_enable_ns - enable namespace under a directory * @kn: directory of interest, should be empty * * This is to be called right after @kn is created to enable namespace * under it. All children of @kn must have non-NULL namespace tags and * only the ones which match the super_block's tag will be visible. */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR); WARN_ON_ONCE(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kn->dir.children)); kn->flags |= KERNFS_NS; } /** * kernfs_ns_enabled - test whether namespace is enabled * @kn: the node to test * * Test whether namespace filtering is enabled for the children of @ns. */ static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_NS; } int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn); void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns); void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb); struct inode *kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn); struct dentry *kernfs_node_dentry(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct super_block *sb); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv); void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_empty_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name); struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target); void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_break_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size); int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags); const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb); int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb); void kernfs_init(void); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_node_by_id(struct kernfs_root *root, u64 id); #else /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return 0; } /* whatever */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline struct inode * kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root * kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root) { } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * __kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { } static inline void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void kernfs_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ /** * kernfs_path - build full path of a given node * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * @buf: buffer to copy @kn's name into * @buflen: size of @buf * * If @kn is NULL result will be "(null)". * * Returns the length of the full path. If the full length is equal to or * greater than @buflen, @buf contains the truncated path with the trailing * '\0'. On error, -errno is returned. */ static inline int kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return kernfs_path_from_node(kn, NULL, buf, buflen); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get_ns(kn, name, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *path) { return kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(kn, path, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_dir_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, priv, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns) { struct lock_class_key *key = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC key = (struct lock_class_key *)&ops->lockdep_key; #endif return __kernfs_create_file(parent, name, mode, uid, gid, size, ops, priv, ns, key); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_file_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, size, ops, priv, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(parent, name, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_rename(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name) { return kernfs_rename_ns(kn, new_parent, new_name, NULL); } #endif /* __LINUX_KERNFS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2002-2005, Devicescape Software, Inc. * Copyright 2013-2014 Intel Mobile Communications GmbH * Copyright(c) 2015-2017 Intel Deutschland GmbH * Copyright(c) 2020-2021 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef STA_INFO_H #define STA_INFO_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/average.h> #include <linux/bitfield.h> #include <linux/etherdevice.h> #include <linux/rhashtable.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include "key.h" /** * enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags - Stations flags * * These flags are used with &struct sta_info's @flags member, but * only indirectly with set_sta_flag() and friends. * * @WLAN_STA_AUTH: Station is authenticated. * @WLAN_STA_ASSOC: Station is associated. * @WLAN_STA_PS_STA: Station is in power-save mode * @WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED: Station is authorized to send/receive traffic. * This bit is always checked so needs to be enabled for all stations * when virtual port control is not in use. * @WLAN_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE: Station is capable of receiving short-preamble * frames. * @WLAN_STA_WDS: Station is one of our WDS peers. * @WLAN_STA_CLEAR_PS_FILT: Clear PS filter in hardware (using the * IEEE80211_TX_CTL_CLEAR_PS_FILT control flag) when the next * frame to this station is transmitted. * @WLAN_STA_MFP: Management frame protection is used with this STA. * @WLAN_STA_BLOCK_BA: Used to deny ADDBA requests (both TX and RX) * during suspend/resume and station removal. * @WLAN_STA_PS_DRIVER: driver requires keeping this station in * power-save mode logically to flush frames that might still * be in the queues * @WLAN_STA_PSPOLL: Station sent PS-poll while driver was keeping * station in power-save mode, reply when the driver unblocks. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER: Station is a TDLS peer. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER_AUTH: This TDLS peer is authorized to send direct * packets. This means the link is enabled. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_INITIATOR: We are the initiator of the TDLS link with this * station. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_CHAN_SWITCH: This TDLS peer supports TDLS channel-switching * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_OFF_CHANNEL: The local STA is currently off-channel with this * TDLS peer * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_WIDER_BW: This TDLS peer supports working on a wider bw on * the BSS base channel. * @WLAN_STA_UAPSD: Station requested unscheduled SP while driver was * keeping station in power-save mode, reply when the driver * unblocks the station. * @WLAN_STA_SP: Station is in a service period, so don't try to * reply to other uAPSD trigger frames or PS-Poll. * @WLAN_STA_4ADDR_EVENT: 4-addr event was already sent for this frame. * @WLAN_STA_INSERTED: This station is inserted into the hash table. * @WLAN_STA_RATE_CONTROL: rate control was initialized for this station. * @WLAN_STA_TOFFSET_KNOWN: toffset calculated for this station is valid. * @WLAN_STA_MPSP_OWNER: local STA is owner of a mesh Peer Service Period. * @WLAN_STA_MPSP_RECIPIENT: local STA is recipient of a MPSP. * @WLAN_STA_PS_DELIVER: station woke up, but we're still blocking TX * until pending frames are delivered * @WLAN_STA_USES_ENCRYPTION: This station was configured for encryption, * so drop all packets without a key later. * * @NUM_WLAN_STA_FLAGS: number of defined flags */ enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags { WLAN_STA_AUTH, WLAN_STA_ASSOC, WLAN_STA_PS_STA, WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED, WLAN_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE, WLAN_STA_WDS, WLAN_STA_CLEAR_PS_FILT, WLAN_STA_MFP, WLAN_STA_BLOCK_BA, WLAN_STA_PS_DRIVER, WLAN_STA_PSPOLL, WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER, WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER_AUTH, WLAN_STA_TDLS_INITIATOR, WLAN_STA_TDLS_CHAN_SWITCH, WLAN_STA_TDLS_OFF_CHANNEL, WLAN_STA_TDLS_WIDER_BW, WLAN_STA_UAPSD, WLAN_STA_SP, WLAN_STA_4ADDR_EVENT, WLAN_STA_INSERTED, WLAN_STA_RATE_CONTROL, WLAN_STA_TOFFSET_KNOWN, WLAN_STA_MPSP_OWNER, WLAN_STA_MPSP_RECIPIENT, WLAN_STA_PS_DELIVER, WLAN_STA_USES_ENCRYPTION, NUM_WLAN_STA_FLAGS, }; #define ADDBA_RESP_INTERVAL HZ #define HT_AGG_MAX_RETRIES 15 #define HT_AGG_BURST_RETRIES 3 #define HT_AGG_RETRIES_PERIOD (15 * HZ) #define HT_AGG_STATE_DRV_READY 0 #define HT_AGG_STATE_RESPONSE_RECEIVED 1 #define HT_AGG_STATE_OPERATIONAL 2 #define HT_AGG_STATE_STOPPING 3 #define HT_AGG_STATE_WANT_START 4 #define HT_AGG_STATE_WANT_STOP 5 #define HT_AGG_STATE_START_CB 6 #define HT_AGG_STATE_STOP_CB 7 #define HT_AGG_STATE_SENT_ADDBA 8 DECLARE_EWMA(avg_signal, 10, 8) enum ieee80211_agg_stop_reason { AGG_STOP_DECLINED, AGG_STOP_LOCAL_REQUEST, AGG_STOP_PEER_REQUEST, AGG_STOP_DESTROY_STA, }; /* Debugfs flags to enable/disable use of RX/TX airtime in scheduler */ #define AIRTIME_USE_TX BIT(0) #define AIRTIME_USE_RX BIT(1) struct airtime_info { u64 rx_airtime; u64 tx_airtime; s64 deficit; atomic_t aql_tx_pending; /* Estimated airtime for frames pending */ u32 aql_limit_low; u32 aql_limit_high; }; void ieee80211_sta_update_pending_airtime(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct sta_info *sta, u8 ac, u16 tx_airtime, bool tx_completed); struct sta_info; /** * struct tid_ampdu_tx - TID aggregation information (Tx). * * @rcu_head: rcu head for freeing structure * @session_timer: check if we keep Tx-ing on the TID (by timeout value) * @addba_resp_timer: timer for peer's response to addba request * @pending: pending frames queue -- use sta's spinlock to protect * @sta: station we are attached to * @dialog_token: dialog token for aggregation session * @timeout: session timeout value to be filled in ADDBA requests * @tid: TID number * @state: session state (see above) * @last_tx: jiffies of last tx activity * @stop_initiator: initiator of a session stop * @tx_stop: TX DelBA frame when stopping * @buf_size: reorder buffer size at receiver * @failed_bar_ssn: ssn of the last failed BAR tx attempt * @bar_pending: BAR needs to be re-sent * @amsdu: support A-MSDU withing A-MDPU * * This structure's lifetime is managed by RCU, assignments to * the array holding it must hold the aggregation mutex. * * The TX path can access it under RCU lock-free if, and * only if, the state has the flag %HT_AGG_STATE_OPERATIONAL * set. Otherwise, the TX path must also acquire the spinlock * and re-check the state, see comments in the tx code * touching it. */ struct tid_ampdu_tx { struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct timer_list session_timer; struct timer_list addba_resp_timer; struct sk_buff_head pending; struct sta_info *sta; unsigned long state; unsigned long last_tx; u16 timeout; u8 dialog_token; u8 stop_initiator; bool tx_stop; u16 buf_size; u16 failed_bar_ssn; bool bar_pending; bool amsdu; u8 tid; }; /** * struct tid_ampdu_rx - TID aggregation information (Rx). * * @reorder_buf: buffer to reorder incoming aggregated MPDUs. An MPDU may be an * A-MSDU with individually reported subframes. * @reorder_buf_filtered: bitmap indicating where there are filtered frames in * the reorder buffer that should be ignored when releasing frames * @reorder_time: jiffies when skb was added * @session_timer: check if peer keeps Tx-ing on the TID (by timeout value) * @reorder_timer: releases expired frames from the reorder buffer. * @sta: station we are attached to * @last_rx: jiffies of last rx activity * @head_seq_num: head sequence number in reordering buffer. * @stored_mpdu_num: number of MPDUs in reordering buffer * @ssn: Starting Sequence Number expected to be aggregated. * @buf_size: buffer size for incoming A-MPDUs * @timeout: reset timer value (in TUs). * @tid: TID number * @rcu_head: RCU head used for freeing this struct * @reorder_lock: serializes access to reorder buffer, see below. * @auto_seq: used for offloaded BA sessions to automatically pick head_seq_and * and ssn. * @removed: this session is removed (but might have been found due to RCU) * @started: this session has started (head ssn or higher was received) * * This structure's lifetime is managed by RCU, assignments to * the array holding it must hold the aggregation mutex. * * The @reorder_lock is used to protect the members of this * struct, except for @timeout, @buf_size and @dialog_token, * which are constant across the lifetime of the struct (the * dialog token being used only for debugging). */ struct tid_ampdu_rx { struct rcu_head rcu_head; spinlock_t reorder_lock; u64 reorder_buf_filtered; struct sk_buff_head *reorder_buf; unsigned long *reorder_time; struct sta_info *sta; struct timer_list session_timer; struct timer_list reorder_timer; unsigned long last_rx; u16 head_seq_num; u16 stored_mpdu_num; u16 ssn; u16 buf_size; u16 timeout; u8 tid; u8 auto_seq:1, removed:1, started:1; }; /** * struct sta_ampdu_mlme - STA aggregation information. * * @mtx: mutex to protect all TX data (except non-NULL assignments * to tid_tx[idx], which are protected by the sta spinlock) * tid_start_tx is also protected by sta->lock. * @tid_rx: aggregation info for Rx per TID -- RCU protected * @tid_rx_token: dialog tokens for valid aggregation sessions * @tid_rx_timer_expired: bitmap indicating on which TIDs the * RX timer expired until the work for it runs * @tid_rx_stop_requested: bitmap indicating which BA sessions per TID the * driver requested to close until the work for it runs * @tid_rx_manage_offl: bitmap indicating which BA sessions were requested * to be treated as started/stopped due to offloading * @agg_session_valid: bitmap indicating which TID has a rx BA session open on * @unexpected_agg: bitmap indicating which TID already sent a delBA due to * unexpected aggregation related frames outside a session * @work: work struct for starting/stopping aggregation * @tid_tx: aggregation info for Tx per TID * @tid_start_tx: sessions where start was requested * @last_addba_req_time: timestamp of the last addBA request. * @addba_req_num: number of times addBA request has been sent. * @dialog_token_allocator: dialog token enumerator for each new session; */ struct sta_ampdu_mlme { struct mutex mtx; /* rx */ struct tid_ampdu_rx __rcu *tid_rx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 tid_rx_token[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; unsigned long tid_rx_timer_expired[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long tid_rx_stop_requested[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long tid_rx_manage_offl[BITS_TO_LONGS(2 * IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long agg_session_valid[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long unexpected_agg[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; /* tx */ struct work_struct work; struct tid_ampdu_tx __rcu *tid_tx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; struct tid_ampdu_tx *tid_start_tx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; unsigned long last_addba_req_time[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 addba_req_num[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 dialog_token_allocator; }; /* Value to indicate no TID reservation */ #define IEEE80211_TID_UNRESERVED 0xff #define IEEE80211_FAST_XMIT_MAX_IV 18 /** * struct ieee80211_fast_tx - TX fastpath information * @key: key to use for hw crypto * @hdr: the 802.11 header to put with the frame * @hdr_len: actual 802.11 header length * @sa_offs: offset of the SA * @da_offs: offset of the DA * @pn_offs: offset where to put PN for crypto (or 0 if not needed) * @band: band this will be transmitted on, for tx_info * @rcu_head: RCU head to free this struct * * This struct is small enough so that the common case (maximum crypto * header length of 8 like for CCMP/GCMP) fits into a single 64-byte * cache line. */ struct ieee80211_fast_tx { struct ieee80211_key *key; u8 hdr_len; u8 sa_offs, da_offs, pn_offs; u8 band; u8 hdr[30 + 2 + IEEE80211_FAST_XMIT_MAX_IV + sizeof(rfc1042_header)] __aligned(2); struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /** * struct ieee80211_fast_rx - RX fastpath information * @dev: netdevice for reporting the SKB * @vif_type: (P2P-less) interface type of the original sdata (sdata->vif.type) * @vif_addr: interface address * @rfc1042_hdr: copy of the RFC 1042 SNAP header (to have in cache) * @control_port_protocol: control port protocol copied from sdata * @expected_ds_bits: from/to DS bits expected * @icv_len: length of the MIC if present * @key: bool indicating encryption is expected (key is set) * @internal_forward: forward froms internally on AP/VLAN type interfaces * @uses_rss: copy of USES_RSS hw flag * @da_offs: offset of the DA in the header (for header conversion) * @sa_offs: offset of the SA in the header (for header conversion) * @rcu_head: RCU head for freeing this structure */ struct ieee80211_fast_rx { struct net_device *dev; enum nl80211_iftype vif_type; u8 vif_addr[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 rfc1042_hdr[6] __aligned(2); __be16 control_port_protocol; __le16 expected_ds_bits; u8 icv_len; u8 key:1, internal_forward:1, uses_rss:1; u8 da_offs, sa_offs; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /* we use only values in the range 0-100, so pick a large precision */ DECLARE_EWMA(mesh_fail_avg, 20, 8) DECLARE_EWMA(mesh_tx_rate_avg, 8, 16) /** * struct mesh_sta - mesh STA information * @plink_lock: serialize access to plink fields * @llid: Local link ID * @plid: Peer link ID * @aid: local aid supplied by peer * @reason: Cancel reason on PLINK_HOLDING state * @plink_retries: Retries in establishment * @plink_state: peer link state * @plink_timeout: timeout of peer link * @plink_timer: peer link watch timer * @plink_sta: peer link watch timer's sta_info * @t_offset: timing offset relative to this host * @t_offset_setpoint: reference timing offset of this sta to be used when * calculating clockdrift * @local_pm: local link-specific power save mode * @peer_pm: peer-specific power save mode towards local STA * @nonpeer_pm: STA power save mode towards non-peer neighbors * @processed_beacon: set to true after peer rates and capabilities are * processed * @connected_to_gate: true if mesh STA has a path to a mesh gate * @connected_to_as: true if mesh STA has a path to a authentication server * @fail_avg: moving percentage of failed MSDUs * @tx_rate_avg: moving average of tx bitrate */ struct mesh_sta { struct timer_list plink_timer; struct sta_info *plink_sta; s64 t_offset; s64 t_offset_setpoint; spinlock_t plink_lock; u16 llid; u16 plid; u16 aid; u16 reason; u8 plink_retries; bool processed_beacon; bool connected_to_gate; bool connected_to_as; enum nl80211_plink_state plink_state; u32 plink_timeout; /* mesh power save */ enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode local_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode peer_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode nonpeer_pm; /* moving percentage of failed MSDUs */ struct ewma_mesh_fail_avg fail_avg; /* moving average of tx bitrate */ struct ewma_mesh_tx_rate_avg tx_rate_avg; }; DECLARE_EWMA(signal, 10, 8) struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats { unsigned long packets; unsigned long last_rx; unsigned long num_duplicates; unsigned long fragments; unsigned long dropped; int last_signal; u8 chains; s8 chain_signal_last[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; u32 last_rate; struct u64_stats_sync syncp; u64 bytes; u64 msdu[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; }; /* * IEEE 802.11-2016 (10.6 "Defragmentation") recommends support for "concurrent * reception of at least one MSDU per access category per associated STA" * on APs, or "at least one MSDU per access category" on other interface types. * * This limit can be increased by changing this define, at the cost of slower * frame reassembly and increased memory use while fragments are pending. */ #define IEEE80211_FRAGMENT_MAX 4 struct ieee80211_fragment_entry { struct sk_buff_head skb_list; unsigned long first_frag_time; u16 seq; u16 extra_len; u16 last_frag; u8 rx_queue; u8 check_sequential_pn:1, /* needed for CCMP/GCMP */ is_protected:1; u8 last_pn[6]; /* PN of the last fragment if CCMP was used */ unsigned int key_color; }; struct ieee80211_fragment_cache { struct ieee80211_fragment_entry entries[IEEE80211_FRAGMENT_MAX]; unsigned int next; }; /* * The bandwidth threshold below which the per-station CoDel parameters will be * scaled to be more lenient (to prevent starvation of slow stations). This * value will be scaled by the number of active stations when it is being * applied. */ #define STA_SLOW_THRESHOLD 6000 /* 6 Mbps */ /** * struct sta_info - STA information * * This structure collects information about a station that * mac80211 is communicating with. * * @list: global linked list entry * @free_list: list entry for keeping track of stations to free * @hash_node: hash node for rhashtable * @addr: station's MAC address - duplicated from public part to * let the hash table work with just a single cacheline * @local: pointer to the global information * @sdata: virtual interface this station belongs to * @ptk: peer keys negotiated with this station, if any * @ptk_idx: last installed peer key index * @gtk: group keys negotiated with this station, if any * @rate_ctrl: rate control algorithm reference * @rate_ctrl_lock: spinlock used to protect rate control data * (data inside the algorithm, so serializes calls there) * @rate_ctrl_priv: rate control private per-STA pointer * @lock: used for locking all fields that require locking, see comments * in the header file. * @drv_deliver_wk: used for delivering frames after driver PS unblocking * @listen_interval: listen interval of this station, when we're acting as AP * @_flags: STA flags, see &enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags, do not use directly * @ps_lock: used for powersave (when mac80211 is the AP) related locking * @ps_tx_buf: buffers (per AC) of frames to transmit to this station * when it leaves power saving state or polls * @tx_filtered: buffers (per AC) of frames we already tried to * transmit but were filtered by hardware due to STA having * entered power saving state, these are also delivered to * the station when it leaves powersave or polls for frames * @driver_buffered_tids: bitmap of TIDs the driver has data buffered on * @txq_buffered_tids: bitmap of TIDs that mac80211 has txq data buffered on * @assoc_at: clock boottime (in ns) of last association * @last_connected: time (in seconds) when a station got connected * @last_seq_ctrl: last received seq/frag number from this STA (per TID * plus one for non-QoS frames) * @tid_seq: per-TID sequence numbers for sending to this STA * @airtime: per-AC struct airtime_info describing airtime statistics for this * station * @airtime_weight: station weight for airtime fairness calculation purposes * @ampdu_mlme: A-MPDU state machine state * @mesh: mesh STA information * @debugfs_dir: debug filesystem directory dentry * @dead: set to true when sta is unlinked * @removed: set to true when sta is being removed from sta_list * @uploaded: set to true when sta is uploaded to the driver * @sta: station information we share with the driver * @sta_state: duplicates information about station state (for debug) * @rcu_head: RCU head used for freeing this station struct * @cur_max_bandwidth: maximum bandwidth to use for TX to the station, * taken from HT/VHT capabilities or VHT operating mode notification * @known_smps_mode: the smps_mode the client thinks we are in. Relevant for * AP only. * @cipher_scheme: optional cipher scheme for this station * @cparams: CoDel parameters for this station. * @reserved_tid: reserved TID (if any, otherwise IEEE80211_TID_UNRESERVED) * @fast_tx: TX fastpath information * @fast_rx: RX fastpath information * @tdls_chandef: a TDLS peer can have a wider chandef that is compatible to * the BSS one. * @tx_stats: TX statistics * @tx_stats.packets: # of packets transmitted * @tx_stats.bytes: # of bytes in all packets transmitted * @tx_stats.last_rate: last TX rate * @tx_stats.msdu: # of transmitted MSDUs per TID * @rx_stats: RX statistics * @rx_stats_avg: averaged RX statistics * @rx_stats_avg.signal: averaged signal * @rx_stats_avg.chain_signal: averaged per-chain signal * @pcpu_rx_stats: per-CPU RX statistics, assigned only if the driver needs * this (by advertising the USES_RSS hw flag) * @status_stats: TX status statistics * @status_stats.filtered: # of filtered frames * @status_stats.retry_failed: # of frames that failed after retry * @status_stats.retry_count: # of retries attempted * @status_stats.lost_packets: # of lost packets * @status_stats.last_pkt_time: timestamp of last ACKed packet * @status_stats.msdu_retries: # of MSDU retries * @status_stats.msdu_failed: # of failed MSDUs * @status_stats.last_ack: last ack timestamp (jiffies) * @status_stats.last_ack_signal: last ACK signal * @status_stats.ack_signal_filled: last ACK signal validity * @status_stats.avg_ack_signal: average ACK signal * @frags: fragment cache */ struct sta_info { /* General information, mostly static */ struct list_head list, free_list; struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct rhlist_head hash_node; u8 addr[ETH_ALEN]; struct ieee80211_local *local; struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata; struct ieee80211_key __rcu *gtk[NUM_DEFAULT_KEYS + NUM_DEFAULT_MGMT_KEYS + NUM_DEFAULT_BEACON_KEYS]; struct ieee80211_key __rcu *ptk[NUM_DEFAULT_KEYS]; u8 ptk_idx; struct rate_control_ref *rate_ctrl; void *rate_ctrl_priv; spinlock_t rate_ctrl_lock; spinlock_t lock; struct ieee80211_fast_tx __rcu *fast_tx; struct ieee80211_fast_rx __rcu *fast_rx; struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats __percpu *pcpu_rx_stats; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH struct mesh_sta *mesh; #endif struct work_struct drv_deliver_wk; u16 listen_interval; bool dead; bool removed; bool uploaded; enum ieee80211_sta_state sta_state; /* use the accessors defined below */ unsigned long _flags; /* STA powersave lock and frame queues */ spinlock_t ps_lock; struct sk_buff_head ps_tx_buf[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; struct sk_buff_head tx_filtered[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; unsigned long driver_buffered_tids; unsigned long txq_buffered_tids; u64 assoc_at; long last_connected; /* Updated from RX path only, no locking requirements */ struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats rx_stats; struct { struct ewma_signal signal; struct ewma_signal chain_signal[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; } rx_stats_avg; /* Plus 1 for non-QoS frames */ __le16 last_seq_ctrl[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; /* Updated from TX status path only, no locking requirements */ struct { unsigned long filtered; unsigned long retry_failed, retry_count; unsigned int lost_packets; unsigned long last_pkt_time; u64 msdu_retries[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; u64 msdu_failed[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; unsigned long last_ack; s8 last_ack_signal; bool ack_signal_filled; struct ewma_avg_signal avg_ack_signal; } status_stats; /* Updated from TX path only, no locking requirements */ struct { u64 packets[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; u64 bytes[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; struct ieee80211_tx_rate last_rate; struct rate_info last_rate_info; u64 msdu[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; } tx_stats; u16 tid_seq[IEEE80211_QOS_CTL_TID_MASK + 1]; struct airtime_info airtime[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; u16 airtime_weight; /* * Aggregation information, locked with lock. */ struct sta_ampdu_mlme ampdu_mlme; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #endif enum ieee80211_sta_rx_bandwidth cur_max_bandwidth; enum ieee80211_smps_mode known_smps_mode; const struct ieee80211_cipher_scheme *cipher_scheme; struct codel_params cparams; u8 reserved_tid; struct cfg80211_chan_def tdls_chandef; struct ieee80211_fragment_cache frags; /* keep last! */ struct ieee80211_sta sta; }; static inline enum nl80211_plink_state sta_plink_state(struct sta_info *sta) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH return sta->mesh->plink_state; #endif return NL80211_PLINK_LISTEN; } static inline void set_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); set_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline void clear_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); clear_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { return test_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); return test_and_clear_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_and_set_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); return test_and_set_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } int sta_info_move_state(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_state new_state); static inline void sta_info_pre_move_state(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_state new_state) { int ret; WARN_ON_ONCE(test_sta_flag(sta, WLAN_STA_INSERTED)); ret = sta_info_move_state(sta, new_state); WARN_ON_ONCE(ret); } void ieee80211_assign_tid_tx(struct sta_info *sta, int tid, struct tid_ampdu_tx *tid_tx); static inline struct tid_ampdu_tx * rcu_dereference_protected_tid_tx(struct sta_info *sta, int tid) { return rcu_dereference_protected(sta->ampdu_mlme.tid_tx[tid], lockdep_is_held(&sta->lock) || lockdep_is_held(&sta->ampdu_mlme.mtx)); } /* Maximum number of frames to buffer per power saving station per AC */ #define STA_MAX_TX_BUFFER 64 /* Minimum buffered frame expiry time. If STA uses listen interval that is * smaller than this value, the minimum value here is used instead. */ #define STA_TX_BUFFER_EXPIRE (10 * HZ) /* How often station data is cleaned up (e.g., expiration of buffered frames) */ #define STA_INFO_CLEANUP_INTERVAL (10 * HZ) struct rhlist_head *sta_info_hash_lookup(struct ieee80211_local *local, const u8 *addr); /* * Get a STA info, must be under RCU read lock. */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); struct sta_info *sta_info_get_bss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); /* user must hold sta_mtx or be in RCU critical section */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get_by_addrs(struct ieee80211_local *local, const u8 *sta_addr, const u8 *vif_addr); #define for_each_sta_info(local, _addr, _sta, _tmp) \ rhl_for_each_entry_rcu(_sta, _tmp, \ sta_info_hash_lookup(local, _addr), hash_node) /* * Get STA info by index, BROKEN! */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get_by_idx(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, int idx); /* * Create a new STA info, caller owns returned structure * until sta_info_insert(). */ struct sta_info *sta_info_alloc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void sta_info_free(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct sta_info *sta); /* * Insert STA info into hash table/list, returns zero or a * -EEXIST if (if the same MAC address is already present). * * Calling the non-rcu version makes the caller relinquish, * the _rcu version calls read_lock_rcu() and must be called * without it held. */ int sta_info_insert(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_insert_rcu(struct sta_info *sta) __acquires(RCU); int __must_check __sta_info_destroy(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_destroy_addr(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); int sta_info_destroy_addr_bss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); void sta_info_recalc_tim(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void sta_info_stop(struct ieee80211_local *local); /** * __sta_info_flush - flush matching STA entries from the STA table * * Returns the number of removed STA entries. * * @sdata: sdata to remove all stations from * @vlans: if the given interface is an AP interface, also flush VLANs */ int __sta_info_flush(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, bool vlans); /** * sta_info_flush - flush matching STA entries from the STA table * * Returns the number of removed STA entries. * * @sdata: sdata to remove all stations from */ static inline int sta_info_flush(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata) { return __sta_info_flush(sdata, false); } void sta_set_rate_info_tx(struct sta_info *sta, const struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate, struct rate_info *rinfo); void sta_set_sinfo(struct sta_info *sta, struct station_info *sinfo, bool tidstats); u32 sta_get_expected_throughput(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_expire(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, unsigned long exp_time); u8 sta_info_tx_streams(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_wakeup(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_poll_response(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_uapsd(struct sta_info *sta); unsigned long ieee80211_sta_last_active(struct sta_info *sta); enum sta_stats_type { STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_INVALID = 0, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_LEGACY, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HT, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_VHT, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_S1G, }; #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HT_MCS GENMASK( 7, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_LEGACY_IDX GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_LEGACY_BAND GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_VHT_MCS GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_VHT_NSS GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_MCS GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_NSS GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_BW GENMASK(11, 8) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_SGI GENMASK(12, 12) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_TYPE GENMASK(15, 13) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_RU GENMASK(18, 16) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_GI GENMASK(20, 19) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_DCM GENMASK(21, 21) #define STA_STATS_FIELD(_n, _v) FIELD_PREP(STA_STATS_FIELD_ ## _n, _v) #define STA_STATS_GET(_n, _v) FIELD_GET(STA_STATS_FIELD_ ## _n, _v) #define STA_STATS_RATE_INVALID 0 static inline u32 sta_stats_encode_rate(struct ieee80211_rx_status *s) { u32 r; r = STA_STATS_FIELD(BW, s->bw); if (s->enc_flags & RX_ENC_FLAG_SHORT_GI) r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(SGI, 1); switch (s->encoding) { case RX_ENC_VHT: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_VHT); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(VHT_NSS, s->nss); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(VHT_MCS, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_HT: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HT); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HT_MCS, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_LEGACY: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_LEGACY); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(LEGACY_BAND, s->band); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(LEGACY_IDX, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_HE: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HE); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_NSS, s->nss); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_MCS, s->rate_idx); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_GI, s->he_gi); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_RU, s->he_ru); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_DCM, s->he_dcm); break; default: WARN_ON(1); return STA_STATS_RATE_INVALID; } return r; } #endif /* STA_INFO_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/extable.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/sched/debug.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include <asm/fpu/internal.h> #include <asm/sev-es.h> #include <asm/traps.h> #include <asm/kdebug.h> typedef bool (*ex_handler_t)(const struct exception_table_entry *, struct pt_regs *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); static inline unsigned long ex_fixup_addr(const struct exception_table_entry *x) { return (unsigned long)&x->fixup + x->fixup; } static inline ex_handler_t ex_fixup_handler(const struct exception_table_entry *x) { return (ex_handler_t)((unsigned long)&x->handler + x->handler); } __visible bool ex_handler_default(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ex_handler_default); __visible bool ex_handler_fault(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup); regs->ax = trapnr; return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ex_handler_fault); /* * Handler for when we fail to restore a task's FPU state. We should never get * here because the FPU state of a task using the FPU (task->thread.fpu.state) * should always be valid. However, past bugs have allowed userspace to set * reserved bits in the XSAVE area using PTRACE_SETREGSET or sys_rt_sigreturn(). * These caused XRSTOR to fail when switching to the task, leaking the FPU * registers of the task previously executing on the CPU. Mitigate this class * of vulnerability by restoring from the initial state (essentially, zeroing * out all the FPU registers) if we can't restore from the task's FPU state. */ __visible bool ex_handler_fprestore(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup); WARN_ONCE(1, "Bad FPU state detected at %pB, reinitializing FPU registers.", (void *)instruction_pointer(regs)); __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&init_fpstate, -1); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ex_handler_fprestore); __visible bool ex_handler_uaccess(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { WARN_ONCE(trapnr == X86_TRAP_GP, "General protection fault in user access. Non-canonical address?"); regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ex_handler_uaccess); __visible bool ex_handler_copy(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { WARN_ONCE(trapnr == X86_TRAP_GP, "General protection fault in user access. Non-canonical address?"); regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup); regs->ax = trapnr; return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ex_handler_copy); __visible bool ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { if (pr_warn_once("unchecked MSR access error: RDMSR from 0x%x at rIP: 0x%lx (%pS)\n", (unsigned int)regs->cx, regs->ip, (void *)regs->ip)) show_stack_regs(regs); /* Pretend that the read succeeded and returned 0. */ regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup); regs->ax = 0; regs->dx = 0; return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe); __visible bool ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { if (pr_warn_once("unchecked MSR access error: WRMSR to 0x%x (tried to write 0x%08x%08x) at rIP: 0x%lx (%pS)\n", (unsigned int)regs->cx, (unsigned int)regs->dx, (unsigned int)regs->ax, regs->ip, (void *)regs->ip)) show_stack_regs(regs); /* Pretend that the write succeeded. */ regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe); __visible bool ex_handler_clear_fs(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_BUG_NULL_SEG)) asm volatile ("mov %0, %%fs" : : "rm" (__USER_DS)); asm volatile ("mov %0, %%fs" : : "rm" (0)); return ex_handler_default(fixup, regs, trapnr, error_code, fault_addr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ex_handler_clear_fs); enum handler_type ex_get_fault_handler_type(unsigned long ip) { const struct exception_table_entry *e; ex_handler_t handler; e = search_exception_tables(ip); if (!e) return EX_HANDLER_NONE; handler = ex_fixup_handler(e); if (handler == ex_handler_fault) return EX_HANDLER_FAULT; else if (handler == ex_handler_uaccess || handler == ex_handler_copy) return EX_HANDLER_UACCESS; else return EX_HANDLER_OTHER; } int fixup_exception(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long fault_addr) { const struct exception_table_entry *e; ex_handler_t handler; #ifdef CONFIG_PNPBIOS if (unlikely(SEGMENT_IS_PNP_CODE(regs->cs))) { extern u32 pnp_bios_fault_eip, pnp_bios_fault_esp; extern u32 pnp_bios_is_utter_crap; pnp_bios_is_utter_crap = 1; printk(KERN_CRIT "PNPBIOS fault.. attempting recovery.\n"); __asm__ volatile( "movl %0, %%esp\n\t" "jmp *%1\n\t" : : "g" (pnp_bios_fault_esp), "g" (pnp_bios_fault_eip)); panic("do_trap: can't hit this"); } #endif e = search_exception_tables(regs->ip); if (!e) return 0; handler = ex_fixup_handler(e); return handler(e, regs, trapnr, error_code, fault_addr); } extern unsigned int early_recursion_flag; /* Restricted version used during very early boot */ void __init early_fixup_exception(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { /* Ignore early NMIs. */ if (trapnr == X86_TRAP_NMI) return; if (early_recursion_flag > 2) goto halt_loop; /* * Old CPUs leave the high bits of CS on the stack * undefined. I'm not sure which CPUs do this, but at least * the 486 DX works this way. * Xen pv domains are not using the default __KERNEL_CS. */ if (!xen_pv_domain() && regs->cs != __KERNEL_CS) goto fail; /* * The full exception fixup machinery is available as soon as * the early IDT is loaded. This means that it is the * responsibility of extable users to either function correctly * when handlers are invoked early or to simply avoid causing * exceptions before they're ready to handle them. * * This is better than filtering which handlers can be used, * because refusing to call a handler here is guaranteed to * result in a hard-to-debug panic. * * Keep in mind that not all vectors actually get here. Early * page faults, for example, are special. */ if (fixup_exception(regs, trapnr, regs->orig_ax, 0)) return; if (trapnr == X86_TRAP_UD) { if (report_bug(regs->ip, regs) == BUG_TRAP_TYPE_WARN) { /* Skip the ud2. */ regs->ip += LEN_UD2; return; } /* * If this was a BUG and report_bug returns or if this * was just a normal #UD, we want to continue onward and * crash. */ } fail: early_printk("PANIC: early exception 0x%02x IP %lx:%lx error %lx cr2 0x%lx\n", (unsigned)trapnr, (unsigned long)regs->cs, regs->ip, regs->orig_ax, read_cr2()); show_regs(regs); halt_loop: while (true) halt(); }
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * This file holds USB constants and structures that are needed for * USB device APIs. These are used by the USB device model, which is * defined in chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification and in the * Wireless USB 1.0 (spread around). Linux has several APIs in C that * need these: * * - the master/host side Linux-USB kernel driver API; * - the "usbfs" user space API; and * - the Linux "gadget" slave/device/peripheral side driver API. * * USB 2.0 adds an additional "On The Go" (OTG) mode, which lets systems * act either as a USB master/host or as a USB slave/device. That means * the master and slave side APIs benefit from working well together. * * There's also "Wireless USB", using low power short range radios for * peripheral interconnection but otherwise building on the USB framework. * * Note all descriptors are declared '__attribute__((packed))' so that: * * [a] they never get padded, either internally (USB spec writers * probably handled that) or externally; * * [b] so that accessing bigger-than-a-bytes fields will never * generate bus errors on any platform, even when the location of * its descriptor inside a bundle isn't "naturally aligned", and * * [c] for consistency, removing all doubt even when it appears to * someone that the two other points are non-issues for that * particular descriptor type. */ #ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #define _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #include <linux/types.h> /* __u8 etc */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* le16_to_cpu */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* CONTROL REQUEST SUPPORT */ /* * USB directions * * This bit flag is used in endpoint descriptors' bEndpointAddress field. * It's also one of three fields in control requests bRequestType. */ #define USB_DIR_OUT 0 /* to device */ #define USB_DIR_IN 0x80 /* to host */ /* * USB types, the second of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_TYPE_MASK (0x03 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_STANDARD (0x00 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_CLASS (0x01 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_VENDOR (0x02 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_RESERVED (0x03 << 5) /* * USB recipients, the third of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_RECIP_MASK 0x1f #define USB_RECIP_DEVICE 0x00 #define USB_RECIP_INTERFACE 0x01 #define USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT 0x02 #define USB_RECIP_OTHER 0x03 /* From Wireless USB 1.0 */ #define USB_RECIP_PORT 0x04 #define USB_RECIP_RPIPE 0x05 /* * Standard requests, for the bRequest field of a SETUP packet. * * These are qualified by the bRequestType field, so that for example * TYPE_CLASS or TYPE_VENDOR specific feature flags could be retrieved * by a GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_REQ_GET_STATUS 0x00 #define USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE 0x01 #define USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE 0x03 #define USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS 0x05 #define USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR 0x06 #define USB_REQ_SET_DESCRIPTOR 0x07 #define USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION 0x08 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION 0x09 #define USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE 0x0A #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE 0x0B #define USB_REQ_SYNCH_FRAME 0x0C #define USB_REQ_SET_SEL 0x30 #define USB_REQ_SET_ISOCH_DELAY 0x31 #define USB_REQ_SET_ENCRYPTION 0x0D /* Wireless USB */ #define USB_REQ_GET_ENCRYPTION 0x0E #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_ABORT 0x0E #define USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE 0x0F #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_RESET 0x0F #define USB_REQ_GET_HANDSHAKE 0x10 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION 0x11 #define USB_REQ_SET_SECURITY_DATA 0x12 #define USB_REQ_GET_SECURITY_DATA 0x13 #define USB_REQ_SET_WUSB_DATA 0x14 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_WRITE 0x15 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_READ 0x16 #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE_DS 0x17 /* specific requests for USB Power Delivery */ #define USB_REQ_GET_PARTNER_PDO 20 #define USB_REQ_GET_BATTERY_STATUS 21 #define USB_REQ_SET_PDO 22 #define USB_REQ_GET_VDM 23 #define USB_REQ_SEND_VDM 24 /* The Link Power Management (LPM) ECN defines USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET command, * used by hubs to put ports into a new L1 suspend state, except that it * forgot to define its number ... */ /* * USB feature flags are written using USB_REQ_{CLEAR,SET}_FEATURE, and * are read as a bit array returned by USB_REQ_GET_STATUS. (So there * are at most sixteen features of each type.) Hubs may also support a * new USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET_FEATURE to put ports into L1 suspend. */ #define USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED 0 /* (read only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP 1 /* dev may initiate wakeup */ #define USB_DEVICE_TEST_MODE 2 /* (wired high speed only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY 2 /* (wireless) */ #define USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE 3 /* (otg) dev may initiate HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_WUSB_DEVICE 3 /* (wireless)*/ #define USB_DEVICE_A_HNP_SUPPORT 4 /* (otg) RH port supports HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT 5 /* (otg) other RH port does */ #define USB_DEVICE_DEBUG_MODE 6 /* (special devices only) */ /* * Test Mode Selectors * See USB 2.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_TEST_J 1 #define USB_TEST_K 2 #define USB_TEST_SE0_NAK 3 #define USB_TEST_PACKET 4 #define USB_TEST_FORCE_ENABLE 5 /* Status Type */ #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_STANDARD 0 #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_PTM 1 /* * New Feature Selectors as added by USB 3.0 * See USB 3.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE 48 /* dev may initiate U1 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE 49 /* dev may initiate U2 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE 50 /* dev may send LTM */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND 0 /* function suspend */ #define USB_INTR_FUNC_SUSPEND_OPT_MASK 0xFF00 /* * Suspend Options, Table 9-8 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP (1 << (8 + 0)) #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW (1 << (8 + 1)) /* * Interface status, Figure 9-5 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP 1 #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_HALT 0 /* IN/OUT will STALL */ /* Bit array elements as returned by the USB_REQ_GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U1_ENABLED 2 /* transition into U1 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U2_ENABLED 3 /* transition into U2 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_LTM_ENABLED 4 /* Latency tolerance messages */ /* * Feature selectors from Table 9-8 USB Power Delivery spec */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY_WAKE_MASK 40 #define USB_DEVICE_OS_IS_PD_AWARE 41 #define USB_DEVICE_POLICY_MODE 42 #define USB_PORT_PR_SWAP 43 #define USB_PORT_GOTO_MIN 44 #define USB_PORT_RETURN_POWER 45 #define USB_PORT_ACCEPT_PD_REQUEST 46 #define USB_PORT_REJECT_PD_REQUEST 47 #define USB_PORT_PORT_PD_RESET 48 #define USB_PORT_C_PORT_PD_CHANGE 49 #define USB_PORT_CABLE_PD_RESET 50 #define USB_DEVICE_CHARGING_POLICY 54 /** * struct usb_ctrlrequest - SETUP data for a USB device control request * @bRequestType: matches the USB bmRequestType field * @bRequest: matches the USB bRequest field * @wValue: matches the USB wValue field (le16 byte order) * @wIndex: matches the USB wIndex field (le16 byte order) * @wLength: matches the USB wLength field (le16 byte order) * * This structure is used to send control requests to a USB device. It matches * the different fields of the USB 2.0 Spec section 9.3, table 9-2. See the * USB spec for a fuller description of the different fields, and what they are * used for. * * Note that the driver for any interface can issue control requests. * For most devices, interfaces don't coordinate with each other, so * such requests may be made at any time. */ struct usb_ctrlrequest { __u8 bRequestType; __u8 bRequest; __le16 wValue; __le16 wIndex; __le16 wLength; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * STANDARD DESCRIPTORS ... as returned by GET_DESCRIPTOR, or * (rarely) accepted by SET_DESCRIPTOR. * * Note that all multi-byte values here are encoded in little endian * byte order "on the wire". Within the kernel and when exposed * through the Linux-USB APIs, they are not converted to cpu byte * order; it is the responsibility of the client code to do this. * The single exception is when device and configuration descriptors (but * not other descriptors) are read from character devices * (i.e. /dev/bus/usb/BBB/DDD); * in this case the fields are converted to host endianness by the kernel. */ /* * Descriptor types ... USB 2.0 spec table 9.5 */ #define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01 #define USB_DT_CONFIG 0x02 #define USB_DT_STRING 0x03 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT 0x05 #define USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER 0x06 #define USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG 0x07 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_POWER 0x08 /* these are from a minor usb 2.0 revision (ECN) */ #define USB_DT_OTG 0x09 #define USB_DT_DEBUG 0x0a #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION 0x0b /* these are from the Wireless USB spec */ #define USB_DT_SECURITY 0x0c #define USB_DT_KEY 0x0d #define USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE 0x0e #define USB_DT_BOS 0x0f #define USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY 0x10 #define USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x11 #define USB_DT_WIRE_ADAPTER 0x21 #define USB_DT_RPIPE 0x22 #define USB_DT_CS_RADIO_CONTROL 0x23 /* From the T10 UAS specification */ #define USB_DT_PIPE_USAGE 0x24 /* From the USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x30 /* From the USB 3.1 spec */ #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x31 /* Conventional codes for class-specific descriptors. The convention is * defined in the USB "Common Class" Spec (3.11). Individual class specs * are authoritative for their usage, not the "common class" writeup. */ #define USB_DT_CS_DEVICE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_DEVICE) #define USB_DT_CS_CONFIG (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_CONFIG) #define USB_DT_CS_STRING (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_STRING) #define USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_INTERFACE) #define USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_ENDPOINT) /* All standard descriptors have these 2 fields at the beginning */ struct usb_descriptor_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE: Device descriptor */ struct usb_device_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __le16 idVendor; __le16 idProduct; __le16 bcdDevice; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 iProduct; __u8 iSerialNumber; __u8 bNumConfigurations; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_DEVICE_SIZE 18 /* * Device and/or Interface Class codes * as found in bDeviceClass or bInterfaceClass * and defined by www.usb.org documents */ #define USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE 0 /* for DeviceClass */ #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO 1 #define USB_CLASS_COMM 2 #define USB_CLASS_HID 3 #define USB_CLASS_PHYSICAL 5 #define USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE 6 #define USB_CLASS_PRINTER 7 #define USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE 8 #define USB_CLASS_HUB 9 #define USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA 0x0a #define USB_CLASS_CSCID 0x0b /* chip+ smart card */ #define USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC 0x0d /* content security */ #define USB_CLASS_VIDEO 0x0e #define USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER 0xe0 #define USB_CLASS_PERSONAL_HEALTHCARE 0x0f #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO_VIDEO 0x10 #define USB_CLASS_BILLBOARD 0x11 #define USB_CLASS_USB_TYPE_C_BRIDGE 0x12 #define USB_CLASS_MISC 0xef #define USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC 0xfe #define USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff #define USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_CONFIG: Configuration descriptor information. * * USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG is the same descriptor, except that the * descriptor type is different. Highspeed-capable devices can look * different depending on what speed they're currently running. Only * devices with a USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER have any OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG * descriptors. */ struct usb_config_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumInterfaces; __u8 bConfigurationValue; __u8 iConfiguration; __u8 bmAttributes; __u8 bMaxPower; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE 9 /* from config descriptor bmAttributes */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE (1 << 7) /* must be set */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER (1 << 6) /* self powered */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP (1 << 5) /* can wakeup */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_BATTERY (1 << 4) /* battery powered */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB String descriptors can contain at most 126 characters. */ #define USB_MAX_STRING_LEN 126 /* USB_DT_STRING: String descriptor */ struct usb_string_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* note that "string" zero is special, it holds language codes that * the device supports, not Unicode characters. */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE: Interface descriptor */ struct usb_interface_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bInterfaceNumber; __u8 bAlternateSetting; __u8 bNumEndpoints; __u8 bInterfaceClass; __u8 bInterfaceSubClass; __u8 bInterfaceProtocol; __u8 iInterface; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE 9 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENDPOINT: Endpoint descriptor */ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEndpointAddress; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wMaxPacketSize; __u8 bInterval; /* NOTE: these two are _only_ in audio endpoints. */ /* use USB_DT_ENDPOINT*_SIZE in bLength, not sizeof. */ __u8 bRefresh; __u8 bSynchAddress; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE 7 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE 9 /* Audio extension */ /* * Endpoints */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK 0x0f /* in bEndpointAddress */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK 0x03 /* in bmAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT 3 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAX_ADJUSTABLE 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK 0x07ff #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT 11 #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK (3 << USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(m) \ (((m) & USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK) >> USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) /* The USB 3.0 spec redefines bits 5:4 of bmAttributes as interrupt ep type. */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_PERIODIC (0 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE 0x0c #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_NONE (0 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC (1 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE (2 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC (3 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_DATA 0x00 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_FEEDBACK 0x10 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB 0x20 /* Implicit feedback Data endpoint */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /** * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according * to @epd's transfer type. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN); } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type isochronous, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in - check if the endpoint is bulk IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out - check if the endpoint is bulk OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_in - check if the endpoint is interrupt IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_out - check if the endpoint is interrupt OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in - check if the endpoint is isochronous IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out - check if the endpoint is isochronous OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp - get endpoint's max packet size * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's max packet bits [10:0] */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize) & USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp_mult - get endpoint's transactional opportunities * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Return @epd's wMaxPacketSize[12:11] + 1 */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { int maxp = __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize); return USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(maxp) + 1; } static inline int usb_endpoint_interrupt_type( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeedPlus Isochronous Endpoint Companion * descriptor */ struct usb_ssp_isoc_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wReseved; __le32 dwBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_EP_COMP_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeed Endpoint Companion descriptor */ struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SS_EP_COMP_SIZE 6 /* Bits 4:0 of bmAttributes if this is a bulk endpoint */ static inline int usb_ss_max_streams(const struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor *comp) { int max_streams; if (!comp) return 0; max_streams = comp->bmAttributes & 0x1f; if (!max_streams) return 0; max_streams = 1 << max_streams; return max_streams; } /* Bits 1:0 of bmAttributes if this is an isoc endpoint */ #define USB_SS_MULT(p) (1 + ((p) & 0x3)) /* Bit 7 of bmAttributes if a SSP isoc endpoint companion descriptor exists */ #define USB_SS_SSP_ISOC_COMP(p) ((p) & (1 << 7)) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER: Device Qualifier descriptor */ struct usb_qualifier_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __u8 bNumConfigurations; __u8 bRESERVED; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 1.0a supplement) */ struct usb_otg_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP, etc */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 2.0 supplement) */ struct usb_otg20_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP and ADP, etc */ __le16 bcdOTG; /* OTG and EH supplement release number * in binary-coded decimal(i.e. 2.0 is 0200H) */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* from usb_otg_descriptor.bmAttributes */ #define USB_OTG_SRP (1 << 0) #define USB_OTG_HNP (1 << 1) /* swap host/device roles */ #define USB_OTG_ADP (1 << 2) /* support ADP */ #define OTG_STS_SELECTOR 0xF000 /* OTG status selector */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEBUG: for special highspeed devices, replacing serial console */ struct usb_debug_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; /* bulk endpoints with 8 byte maxpacket */ __u8 bDebugInEndpoint; __u8 bDebugOutEndpoint; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION: groups interfaces */ struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bFirstInterface; __u8 bInterfaceCount; __u8 bFunctionClass; __u8 bFunctionSubClass; __u8 bFunctionProtocol; __u8 iFunction; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SECURITY: group of wireless security descriptors, including * encryption types available for setting up a CC/association. */ struct usb_security_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumEncryptionTypes; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_KEY: used with {GET,SET}_SECURITY_DATA; only public keys * may be retrieved. */ struct usb_key_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bKeyData[0]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE: bundled in DT_SECURITY groups */ struct usb_encryption_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEncryptionType; #define USB_ENC_TYPE_UNSECURE 0 #define USB_ENC_TYPE_WIRED 1 /* non-wireless mode */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_CCM_1 2 /* aes128/cbc session */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_RSA_1 3 /* rsa3072/sha1 auth */ __u8 bEncryptionValue; /* use in SET_ENCRYPTION */ __u8 bAuthKeyIndex; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_BOS: group of device-level capabilities */ struct usb_bos_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumDeviceCaps; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_BOS_SIZE 5 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY: grouped with BOS */ struct usb_dev_cap_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_CAP_TYPE_WIRELESS_USB 1 struct usb_wireless_cap_descriptor { /* Ultra Wide Band */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_WIRELESS_P2P_DRD (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_MASK (3 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_SELF (1 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_DIRECTED (2 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_NONE (3 << 2) __le16 wPHYRates; /* bit rates, Mbps */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_53 (1 << 0) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_80 (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_107 (1 << 2) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_160 (1 << 3) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_200 (1 << 4) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_320 (1 << 5) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_400 (1 << 6) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_480 (1 << 7) __u8 bmTFITXPowerInfo; /* TFI power levels */ __u8 bmFFITXPowerInfo; /* FFI power levels */ __le16 bmBandGroup; __u8 bReserved; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_WIRELESS_CAP_SIZE 11 /* USB 2.0 Extension descriptor */ #define USB_CAP_TYPE_EXT 2 struct usb_ext_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_LPM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LPM */ #define USB_BESL_SUPPORT (1 << 2) /* supports BESL */ #define USB_BESL_BASELINE_VALID (1 << 3) /* Baseline BESL valid*/ #define USB_BESL_DEEP_VALID (1 << 4) /* Deep BESL valid */ #define USB_SET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 8) #define USB_SET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 12) #define USB_GET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & (0xf << 8)) >> 8) #define USB_GET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & (0xf << 12)) >> 12) } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_EXT_CAP_SIZE 7 /* * SuperSpeed USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of SuperSpeed USB * specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SS_CAP_TYPE 3 struct usb_ss_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_LTM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LTM */ __le16 wSpeedSupported; #define USB_LOW_SPEED_OPERATION (1) /* Low speed operation */ #define USB_FULL_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 1) /* Full speed operation */ #define USB_HIGH_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 2) /* High speed operation */ #define USB_5GBPS_OPERATION (1 << 3) /* Operation at 5Gbps */ __u8 bFunctionalitySupport; __u8 bU1devExitLat; __le16 bU2DevExitLat; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CAP_SIZE 10 /* * Container ID Capability descriptor: Defines the instance unique ID used to * identify the instance across all operating modes */ #define CONTAINER_ID_TYPE 4 struct usb_ss_container_id_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 ContainerID[16]; /* 128-bit number */ } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CONTN_ID_SIZE 20 /* * SuperSpeed Plus USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of * SuperSpeed Plus USB specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SSP_CAP_TYPE 0xa struct usb_ssp_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBS (0x1f << 0) /* sublink speed entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_IDS (0xf << 5) /* speed ID entries */ __le16 wFunctionalitySupport; #define USB_SSP_MIN_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBUTE_ID (0xf) #define USB_SSP_MIN_RX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 8) #define USB_SSP_MIN_TX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 12) __le16 wReserved; __le32 bmSublinkSpeedAttr[1]; /* list of sublink speed attrib entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_SSID (0xf) /* sublink speed ID */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSE (0x3 << 4) /* Lanespeed exponent */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ST (0x3 << 6) /* Sublink type */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_RSVD (0x3f << 8) /* Reserved */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LP (0x3 << 14) /* Link protocol */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSM (0xff << 16) /* Lanespeed mantissa */ } __attribute__((packed)); /* * USB Power Delivery Capability Descriptor: * Defines capabilities for PD */ /* Defines the various PD Capabilities of this device */ #define USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY 0x06 /* Provides information on each battery supported by the device */ #define USB_PD_BATTERY_INFO_CAPABILITY 0x07 /* The Consumer characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_CONSUMER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x08 /* The provider characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_PROVIDER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x09 struct usb_pd_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* set to USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY */ __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_PD_CAP_BATTERY_CHARGING (1 << 1) /* supports Battery Charging specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_USB_PD (1 << 2) /* supports USB Power Delivery specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER (1 << 3) /* can provide power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER (1 << 4) /* can consume power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CHARGING_POLICY (1 << 5) /* supports CHARGING_POLICY feature */ #define USB_PD_CAP_TYPE_C_CURRENT (1 << 6) /* supports power capabilities defined in the USB Type-C Specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_AC (1 << 8) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_BAT (1 << 9) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_USE_V_BUS (1 << 14) __le16 bmProviderPorts; /* Bit zero refers to the UFP of the device */ __le16 bmConsumerPorts; __le16 bcdBCVersion; __le16 bcdPDVersion; __le16 bcdUSBTypeCVersion; } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_battery_info_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the user friendly name for this battery */ __u8 iBattery; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the Serial Number String for this battery */ __u8 iSerial; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 bBatteryId; /* uniquely identifies this battery in status Messages */ __u8 bReserved; /* * Shall contain the Battery Charge value above which this * battery is considered to be fully charged but not necessarily * “topped off.” */ __le32 dwChargedThreshold; /* in mWh */ /* * Shall contain the minimum charge level of this battery such * that above this threshold, a device can be assured of being * able to power up successfully (see Battery Charging 1.2). */ __le32 dwWeakThreshold; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryDesignCapacity; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryLastFullchargeCapacity; /* in mWh */ } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_consumer_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __le16 wMinVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __le16 wMaxVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __u16 wReserved; __le32 dwMaxOperatingPower; /* in 10 mW - operating at steady state */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPower; /* in 10mW units - operating at peak power */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPowerTime; /* in 100ms units - duration of peak */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_UNKNOWN_PEAK_POWER_TIME 0xffff } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_provider_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved1; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __u8 bNumOfPDObjects; __u8 bReserved2; __le32 wPowerDataObject[]; } __attribute__((packed)); /* * Precision time measurement capability descriptor: advertised by devices and * hubs that support PTM */ #define USB_PTM_CAP_TYPE 0xb struct usb_ptm_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_PTM_ID_SIZE 3 /* * The size of the descriptor for the Sublink Speed Attribute Count * (SSAC) specified in bmAttributes[4:0]. SSAC is zero-based */ #define USB_DT_USB_SSP_CAP_SIZE(ssac) (12 + (ssac + 1) * 4) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP: companion descriptor associated with * each endpoint descriptor for a wireless device */ struct usb_wireless_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bMaxSequence; __le16 wMaxStreamDelay; __le16 wOverTheAirPacketSize; __u8 bOverTheAirInterval; __u8 bmCompAttributes; #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_MASK 0x03 /* in bmCompAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_NO 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SWITCH 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SCALE 2 } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE is a four-way handshake used between a wireless * host and a device for connection set up, mutual authentication, and * exchanging short lived session keys. The handshake depends on a CC. */ struct usb_handshake { __u8 bMessageNumber; __u8 bStatus; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 CDID[16]; __u8 nonce[16]; __u8 MIC[8]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION modifies or revokes a connection context (CC). * A CC may also be set up using non-wireless secure channels (including * wired USB!), and some devices may support CCs with multiple hosts. */ struct usb_connection_context { __u8 CHID[16]; /* persistent host id */ __u8 CDID[16]; /* device id (unique w/in host context) */ __u8 CK[16]; /* connection key */ } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB 2.0 defines three speeds, here's how Linux identifies them */ enum usb_device_speed { USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN = 0, /* enumerating */ USB_SPEED_LOW, USB_SPEED_FULL, /* usb 1.1 */ USB_SPEED_HIGH, /* usb 2.0 */ USB_SPEED_WIRELESS, /* wireless (usb 2.5) */ USB_SPEED_SUPER, /* usb 3.0 */ USB_SPEED_SUPER_PLUS, /* usb 3.1 */ }; enum usb_device_state { /* NOTATTACHED isn't in the USB spec, and this state acts * the same as ATTACHED ... but it's clearer this way. */ USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED = 0, /* chapter 9 and authentication (wireless) device states */ USB_STATE_ATTACHED, USB_STATE_POWERED, /* wired */ USB_STATE_RECONNECTING, /* auth */ USB_STATE_UNAUTHENTICATED, /* auth */ USB_STATE_DEFAULT, /* limited function */ USB_STATE_ADDRESS, USB_STATE_CONFIGURED, /* most functions */ USB_STATE_SUSPENDED /* NOTE: there are actually four different SUSPENDED * states, returning to POWERED, DEFAULT, ADDRESS, or * CONFIGURED respectively when SOF tokens flow again. * At this level there's no difference between L1 and L2 * suspend states. (L2 being original USB 1.1 suspend.) */ }; enum usb3_link_state { USB3_LPM_U0 = 0, USB3_LPM_U1, USB3_LPM_U2, USB3_LPM_U3 }; /* * A U1 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U1. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U1, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U1 timeout of 0x1 to 0x7F also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U1 after that many microseconds. Timeouts of 0x80 to 0xFE are reserved * values. * * A U2 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U2. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U2, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U2 timeout of 0x1 to 0xFE also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U2 after N*256 microseconds. Therefore a U2 timeout value of 0x1 means a U2 * idle timer of 256 microseconds, 0x2 means 512 microseconds, 0xFE means * 65.024ms. */ #define USB3_LPM_DISABLED 0x0 #define USB3_LPM_U1_MAX_TIMEOUT 0x7F #define USB3_LPM_U2_MAX_TIMEOUT 0xFE #define USB3_LPM_DEVICE_INITIATED 0xFF struct usb_set_sel_req { __u8 u1_sel; __u8 u1_pel; __le16 u2_sel; __le16 u2_pel; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* * The Set System Exit Latency control transfer provides one byte each for * U1 SEL and U1 PEL, so the max exit latency is 0xFF. U2 SEL and U2 PEL each * are two bytes long. */ #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL 0xFF #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL 0xFFFF /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * As per USB compliance update, a device that is actively drawing * more than 100mA from USB must report itself as bus-powered in * the GetStatus(DEVICE) call. * https://compliance.usb.org/index.asp?UpdateFile=Electrical&Format=Standard#34 */ #define USB_SELF_POWER_VBUS_MAX_DRAW 100 #endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Descending-priority-sorted double-linked list * * (C) 2002-2003 Intel Corp * Inaky Perez-Gonzalez <inaky.perez-gonzalez@intel.com>. * * 2001-2005 (c) MontaVista Software, Inc. * Daniel Walker <dwalker@mvista.com> * * (C) 2005 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * * Simplifications of the original code by * Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> * * Based on simple lists (include/linux/list.h). * * This is a priority-sorted list of nodes; each node has a * priority from INT_MIN (highest) to INT_MAX (lowest). * * Addition is O(K), removal is O(1), change of priority of a node is * O(K) and K is the number of RT priority levels used in the system. * (1 <= K <= 99) * * This list is really a list of lists: * * - The tier 1 list is the prio_list, different priority nodes. * * - The tier 2 list is the node_list, serialized nodes. * * Simple ASCII art explanation: * * pl:prio_list (only for plist_node) * nl:node_list * HEAD| NODE(S) * | * ||------------------------------------| * ||->|pl|<->|pl|<--------------->|pl|<-| * | |10| |21| |21| |21| |40| (prio) * | | | | | | | | | | | * | | | | | | | | | | | * |->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<-| * |-------------------------------------------| * * The nodes on the prio_list list are sorted by priority to simplify * the insertion of new nodes. There are no nodes with duplicate * priorites on the list. * * The nodes on the node_list are ordered by priority and can contain * entries which have the same priority. Those entries are ordered * FIFO * * Addition means: look for the prio_list node in the prio_list * for the priority of the node and insert it before the node_list * entry of the next prio_list node. If it is the first node of * that priority, add it to the prio_list in the right position and * insert it into the serialized node_list list * * Removal means remove it from the node_list and remove it from * the prio_list if the node_list list_head is non empty. In case * of removal from the prio_list it must be checked whether other * entries of the same priority are on the list or not. If there * is another entry of the same priority then this entry has to * replace the removed entry on the prio_list. If the entry which * is removed is the only entry of this priority then a simple * remove from both list is sufficient. * * INT_MIN is the highest priority, 0 is the medium highest, INT_MAX * is lowest priority. * * No locking is done, up to the caller. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PLIST_H_ #define _LINUX_PLIST_H_ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> struct plist_head { struct list_head node_list; }; struct plist_node { int prio; struct list_head prio_list; struct list_head node_list; }; /** * PLIST_HEAD_INIT - static struct plist_head initializer * @head: struct plist_head variable name */ #define PLIST_HEAD_INIT(head) \ { \ .node_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((head).node_list) \ } /** * PLIST_HEAD - declare and init plist_head * @head: name for struct plist_head variable */ #define PLIST_HEAD(head) \ struct plist_head head = PLIST_HEAD_INIT(head) /** * PLIST_NODE_INIT - static struct plist_node initializer * @node: struct plist_node variable name * @__prio: initial node priority */ #define PLIST_NODE_INIT(node, __prio) \ { \ .prio = (__prio), \ .prio_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((node).prio_list), \ .node_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((node).node_list), \ } /** * plist_head_init - dynamic struct plist_head initializer * @head: &struct plist_head pointer */ static inline void plist_head_init(struct plist_head *head) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&head->node_list); } /** * plist_node_init - Dynamic struct plist_node initializer * @node: &struct plist_node pointer * @prio: initial node priority */ static inline void plist_node_init(struct plist_node *node, int prio) { node->prio = prio; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->prio_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->node_list); } extern void plist_add(struct plist_node *node, struct plist_head *head); extern void plist_del(struct plist_node *node, struct plist_head *head); extern void plist_requeue(struct plist_node *node, struct plist_head *head); /** * plist_for_each - iterate over the plist * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @head: the head for your list */ #define plist_for_each(pos, head) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &(head)->node_list, node_list) /** * plist_for_each_continue - continue iteration over the plist * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor * @head: the head for your list * * Continue to iterate over plist, continuing after the current position. */ #define plist_for_each_continue(pos, head) \ list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, &(head)->node_list, node_list) /** * plist_for_each_safe - iterate safely over a plist of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list * * Iterate over a plist of given type, safe against removal of list entry. */ #define plist_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &(head)->node_list, node_list) /** * plist_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @head: the head for your list * @mem: the name of the list_head within the struct */ #define plist_for_each_entry(pos, head, mem) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &(head)->node_list, mem.node_list) /** * plist_for_each_entry_continue - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor * @head: the head for your list * @m: the name of the list_head within the struct * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position. */ #define plist_for_each_entry_continue(pos, head, m) \ list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, &(head)->node_list, m.node_list) /** * plist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate safely over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list * @m: the name of the list_head within the struct * * Iterate over list of given type, safe against removal of list entry. */ #define plist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, m) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &(head)->node_list, m.node_list) /** * plist_head_empty - return !0 if a plist_head is empty * @head: &struct plist_head pointer */ static inline int plist_head_empty(const struct plist_head *head) { return list_empty(&head->node_list); } /** * plist_node_empty - return !0 if plist_node is not on a list * @node: &struct plist_node pointer */ static inline int plist_node_empty(const struct plist_node *node) { return list_empty(&node->node_list); } /* All functions below assume the plist_head is not empty. */ /** * plist_first_entry - get the struct for the first entry * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PLIST # define plist_first_entry(head, type, member) \ ({ \ WARN_ON(plist_head_empty(head)); \ container_of(plist_first(head), type, member); \ }) #else # define plist_first_entry(head, type, member) \ container_of(plist_first(head), type, member) #endif /** * plist_last_entry - get the struct for the last entry * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PLIST # define plist_last_entry(head, type, member) \ ({ \ WARN_ON(plist_head_empty(head)); \ container_of(plist_last(head), type, member); \ }) #else # define plist_last_entry(head, type, member) \ container_of(plist_last(head), type, member) #endif /** * plist_next - get the next entry in list * @pos: the type * to cursor */ #define plist_next(pos) \ list_next_entry(pos, node_list) /** * plist_prev - get the prev entry in list * @pos: the type * to cursor */ #define plist_prev(pos) \ list_prev_entry(pos, node_list) /** * plist_first - return the first node (and thus, highest priority) * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * * Assumes the plist is _not_ empty. */ static inline struct plist_node *plist_first(const struct plist_head *head) { return list_entry(head->node_list.next, struct plist_node, node_list); } /** * plist_last - return the last node (and thus, lowest priority) * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * * Assumes the plist is _not_ empty. */ static inline struct plist_node *plist_last(const struct plist_head *head) { return list_entry(head->node_list.prev, struct plist_node, node_list); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * 25-Jul-1998 Major changes to allow for ip chain table * * 3-Jan-2000 Named tables to allow packet selection for different uses. */ /* * Format of an IP firewall descriptor * * src, dst, src_mask, dst_mask are always stored in network byte order. * flags are stored in host byte order (of course). * Port numbers are stored in HOST byte order. */ #ifndef _UAPI_IPTABLES_H #define _UAPI_IPTABLES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h> #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #ifndef __KERNEL__ #define IPT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN XT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN #define IPT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN #define ipt_match xt_match #define ipt_target xt_target #define ipt_table xt_table #define ipt_get_revision xt_get_revision #define ipt_entry_match xt_entry_match #define ipt_entry_target xt_entry_target #define ipt_standard_target xt_standard_target #define ipt_error_target xt_error_target #define ipt_counters xt_counters #define IPT_CONTINUE XT_CONTINUE #define IPT_RETURN XT_RETURN /* This group is older than old (iptables < v1.4.0-rc1~89) */ #include <linux/netfilter/xt_tcpudp.h> #define ipt_udp xt_udp #define ipt_tcp xt_tcp #define IPT_TCP_INV_SRCPT XT_TCP_INV_SRCPT #define IPT_TCP_INV_DSTPT XT_TCP_INV_DSTPT #define IPT_TCP_INV_FLAGS XT_TCP_INV_FLAGS #define IPT_TCP_INV_OPTION XT_TCP_INV_OPTION #define IPT_TCP_INV_MASK XT_TCP_INV_MASK #define IPT_UDP_INV_SRCPT XT_UDP_INV_SRCPT #define IPT_UDP_INV_DSTPT XT_UDP_INV_DSTPT #define IPT_UDP_INV_MASK XT_UDP_INV_MASK /* The argument to IPT_SO_ADD_COUNTERS. */ #define ipt_counters_info xt_counters_info /* Standard return verdict, or do jump. */ #define IPT_STANDARD_TARGET XT_STANDARD_TARGET /* Error verdict. */ #define IPT_ERROR_TARGET XT_ERROR_TARGET /* fn returns 0 to continue iteration */ #define IPT_MATCH_ITERATE(e, fn, args...) \ XT_MATCH_ITERATE(struct ipt_entry, e, fn, ## args) /* fn returns 0 to continue iteration */ #define IPT_ENTRY_ITERATE(entries, size, fn, args...) \ XT_ENTRY_ITERATE(struct ipt_entry, entries, size, fn, ## args) #endif /* Yes, Virginia, you have to zero the padding. */ struct ipt_ip { /* Source and destination IP addr */ struct in_addr src, dst; /* Mask for src and dest IP addr */ struct in_addr smsk, dmsk; char iniface[IFNAMSIZ], outiface[IFNAMSIZ]; unsigned char iniface_mask[IFNAMSIZ], outiface_mask[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Protocol, 0 = ANY */ __u16 proto; /* Flags word */ __u8 flags; /* Inverse flags */ __u8 invflags; }; /* Values for "flag" field in struct ipt_ip (general ip structure). */ #define IPT_F_FRAG 0x01 /* Set if rule is a fragment rule */ #define IPT_F_GOTO 0x02 /* Set if jump is a goto */ #define IPT_F_MASK 0x03 /* All possible flag bits mask. */ /* Values for "inv" field in struct ipt_ip. */ #define IPT_INV_VIA_IN 0x01 /* Invert the sense of IN IFACE. */ #define IPT_INV_VIA_OUT 0x02 /* Invert the sense of OUT IFACE */ #define IPT_INV_TOS 0x04 /* Invert the sense of TOS. */ #define IPT_INV_SRCIP 0x08 /* Invert the sense of SRC IP. */ #define IPT_INV_DSTIP 0x10 /* Invert the sense of DST OP. */ #define IPT_INV_FRAG 0x20 /* Invert the sense of FRAG. */ #define IPT_INV_PROTO XT_INV_PROTO #define IPT_INV_MASK 0x7F /* All possible flag bits mask. */ /* This structure defines each of the firewall rules. Consists of 3 parts which are 1) general IP header stuff 2) match specific stuff 3) the target to perform if the rule matches */ struct ipt_entry { struct ipt_ip ip; /* Mark with fields that we care about. */ unsigned int nfcache; /* Size of ipt_entry + matches */ __u16 target_offset; /* Size of ipt_entry + matches + target */ __u16 next_offset; /* Back pointer */ unsigned int comefrom; /* Packet and byte counters. */ struct xt_counters counters; /* The matches (if any), then the target. */ unsigned char elems[0]; }; /* * New IP firewall options for [gs]etsockopt at the RAW IP level. * Unlike BSD Linux inherits IP options so you don't have to use a raw * socket for this. Instead we check rights in the calls. * * ATTENTION: check linux/in.h before adding new number here. */ #define IPT_BASE_CTL 64 #define IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE (IPT_BASE_CTL) #define IPT_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS (IPT_BASE_CTL + 1) #define IPT_SO_SET_MAX IPT_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS #define IPT_SO_GET_INFO (IPT_BASE_CTL) #define IPT_SO_GET_ENTRIES (IPT_BASE_CTL + 1) #define IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_MATCH (IPT_BASE_CTL + 2) #define IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET (IPT_BASE_CTL + 3) #define IPT_SO_GET_MAX IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET /* ICMP matching stuff */ struct ipt_icmp { __u8 type; /* type to match */ __u8 code[2]; /* range of code */ __u8 invflags; /* Inverse flags */ }; /* Values for "inv" field for struct ipt_icmp. */ #define IPT_ICMP_INV 0x01 /* Invert the sense of type/code test */ /* The argument to IPT_SO_GET_INFO */ struct ipt_getinfo { /* Which table: caller fills this in. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* Kernel fills these in. */ /* Which hook entry points are valid: bitmask */ unsigned int valid_hooks; /* Hook entry points: one per netfilter hook. */ unsigned int hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Underflow points. */ unsigned int underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Number of entries */ unsigned int num_entries; /* Size of entries. */ unsigned int size; }; /* The argument to IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE. */ struct ipt_replace { /* Which table. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* Which hook entry points are valid: bitmask. You can't change this. */ unsigned int valid_hooks; /* Number of entries */ unsigned int num_entries; /* Total size of new entries */ unsigned int size; /* Hook entry points. */ unsigned int hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Underflow points. */ unsigned int underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Information about old entries: */ /* Number of counters (must be equal to current number of entries). */ unsigned int num_counters; /* The old entries' counters. */ struct xt_counters __user *counters; /* The entries (hang off end: not really an array). */ struct ipt_entry entries[0]; }; /* The argument to IPT_SO_GET_ENTRIES. */ struct ipt_get_entries { /* Which table: user fills this in. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* User fills this in: total entry size. */ unsigned int size; /* The entries. */ struct ipt_entry entrytable[0]; }; /* Helper functions */ static __inline__ struct xt_entry_target * ipt_get_target(struct ipt_entry *e) { return (struct xt_entry_target *)((char *)e + e->target_offset); } /* * Main firewall chains definitions and global var's definitions. */ #endif /* _UAPI_IPTABLES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_COOKIE_H #define __LINUX_COOKIE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/local.h> struct pcpu_gen_cookie { local_t nesting; u64 last; } __aligned(16); struct gen_cookie { struct pcpu_gen_cookie __percpu *local; atomic64_t forward_last ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; atomic64_t reverse_last; }; #define COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH 4096 #define DEFINE_COOKIE(name) \ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pcpu_gen_cookie, __##name); \ static struct gen_cookie name = { \ .local = &__##name, \ .forward_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .reverse_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ } static __always_inline u64 gen_cookie_next(struct gen_cookie *gc) { struct pcpu_gen_cookie *local = this_cpu_ptr(gc->local); u64 val; if (likely(local_inc_return(&local->nesting) == 1)) { val = local->last; if (__is_defined(CONFIG_SMP) && unlikely((val & (COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH - 1)) == 0)) { s64 next = atomic64_add_return(COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH, &gc->forward_last); val = next - COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH; } local->last = ++val; } else { val = atomic64_dec_return(&gc->reverse_last); } local_dec(&local->nesting); return val; } #endif /* __LINUX_COOKIE_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Released under the GPLv2 only. */ #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/acpi.h> struct usb_hub_descriptor; struct usb_dev_state; /* Functions local to drivers/usb/core/ */ extern int usb_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_create_sysfs_intf_files(struct usb_interface *intf); extern void usb_remove_sysfs_intf_files(struct usb_interface *intf); extern int usb_create_ep_devs(struct device *parent, struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint, struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_remove_ep_devs(struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint); extern void usb_enable_endpoint(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_host_endpoint *ep, bool reset_toggle); extern void usb_enable_interface(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_toggles); extern void usb_disable_endpoint(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int epaddr, bool reset_hardware); extern void usb_disable_interface(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_hardware); extern void usb_release_interface_cache(struct kref *ref); extern void usb_disable_device(struct usb_device *dev, int skip_ep0); extern int usb_deauthorize_device(struct usb_device *); extern int usb_authorize_device(struct usb_device *); extern void usb_deauthorize_interface(struct usb_interface *); extern void usb_authorize_interface(struct usb_interface *); extern void usb_detect_quirks(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_detect_interface_quirks(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_release_quirk_list(void); extern bool usb_endpoint_is_ignored(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_host_interface *intf, struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd); extern int usb_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_get_device_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int size); extern int usb_set_isoch_delay(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_get_bos_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_release_bos_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev); extern char *usb_cache_string(struct usb_device *udev, int index); extern int usb_set_configuration(struct usb_device *dev, int configuration); extern int usb_choose_configuration(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_generic_driver_probe(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_generic_driver_disconnect(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_generic_driver_suspend(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_generic_driver_resume(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg); static inline unsigned usb_get_max_power(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_host_config *c) { /* SuperSpeed power is in 8 mA units; others are in 2 mA units */ unsigned mul = (udev->speed >= USB_SPEED_SUPER ? 8 : 2); return c->desc.bMaxPower * mul; } extern void usb_kick_hub_wq(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_match_one_id_intf(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_host_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern int usb_match_device(struct usb_device *dev, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern const struct usb_device_id *usb_device_match_id(struct usb_device *udev, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern bool usb_driver_applicable(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_device_driver *udrv); extern void usb_forced_unbind_intf(struct usb_interface *intf); extern void usb_unbind_and_rebind_marked_interfaces(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_hub_release_all_ports(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_dev_state *owner); extern bool usb_device_is_owned(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_hub_init(void); extern void usb_hub_cleanup(void); extern int usb_major_init(void); extern void usb_major_cleanup(void); extern int usb_device_supports_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_port_disable(struct usb_device *udev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int usb_suspend(struct device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_resume(struct device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_resume_complete(struct device *dev); extern int usb_port_suspend(struct usb_device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_port_resume(struct usb_device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern void usb_autosuspend_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_autoresume_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_remote_wakeup(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_resume(struct device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_idle(struct device *dev); extern int usb_enable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_disable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usbfs_notify_suspend(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usbfs_notify_resume(struct usb_device *udev); #else static inline int usb_port_suspend(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg) { return 0; } static inline int usb_port_resume(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg) { return 0; } #define usb_autosuspend_device(udev) do {} while (0) static inline int usb_autoresume_device(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } static inline int usb_enable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } static inline int usb_disable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } #endif extern struct bus_type usb_bus_type; extern struct mutex usb_port_peer_mutex; extern struct device_type usb_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_if_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_ep_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_port_device_type; extern struct usb_device_driver usb_generic_driver; static inline int is_usb_device(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_interface(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_if_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_endpoint(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_ep_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_port(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_port_device_type; } static inline int is_root_hub(struct usb_device *udev) { return (udev->parent == NULL); } /* Do the same for device drivers and interface drivers. */ static inline int is_usb_device_driver(struct device_driver *drv) { return container_of(drv, struct usbdrv_wrap, driver)-> for_devices; } /* for labeling diagnostics */ extern const char *usbcore_name; /* sysfs stuff */ extern const struct attribute_group *usb_device_groups[]; extern const struct attribute_group *usb_interface_groups[]; /* usbfs stuff */ extern struct usb_driver usbfs_driver; extern const struct file_operations usbfs_devices_fops; extern const struct file_operations usbdev_file_operations; extern int usb_devio_init(void); extern void usb_devio_cleanup(void); /* * Firmware specific cookie identifying a port's location. '0' == no location * data available */ typedef u32 usb_port_location_t; /* internal notify stuff */ extern void usb_notify_add_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_notify_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_notify_add_bus(struct usb_bus *ubus); extern void usb_notify_remove_bus(struct usb_bus *ubus); extern void usb_hub_adjust_deviceremovable(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_hub_descriptor *desc); #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI extern int usb_acpi_register(void); extern void usb_acpi_unregister(void); extern acpi_handle usb_get_hub_port_acpi_handle(struct usb_device *hdev, int port1); #else static inline int usb_acpi_register(void) { return 0; }; static inline void usb_acpi_unregister(void) { }; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 #ifndef INTERNAL_IO_WQ_H #define INTERNAL_IO_WQ_H #include <linux/io_uring.h> struct io_wq; enum { IO_WQ_WORK_CANCEL = 1, IO_WQ_WORK_HASHED = 2, IO_WQ_WORK_UNBOUND = 4, IO_WQ_WORK_NO_CANCEL = 8, IO_WQ_WORK_CONCURRENT = 16, IO_WQ_WORK_FILES = 32, IO_WQ_WORK_FS = 64, IO_WQ_WORK_MM = 128, IO_WQ_WORK_CREDS = 256, IO_WQ_WORK_BLKCG = 512, IO_WQ_WORK_FSIZE = 1024, IO_WQ_HASH_SHIFT = 24, /* upper 8 bits are used for hash key */ }; enum io_wq_cancel { IO_WQ_CANCEL_OK, /* cancelled before started */ IO_WQ_CANCEL_RUNNING, /* found, running, and attempted cancelled */ IO_WQ_CANCEL_NOTFOUND, /* work not found */ }; struct io_wq_work_node { struct io_wq_work_node *next; }; struct io_wq_work_list { struct io_wq_work_node *first; struct io_wq_work_node *last; }; static inline void wq_list_add_after(struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_node *pos, struct io_wq_work_list *list) { struct io_wq_work_node *next = pos->next; pos->next = node; node->next = next; if (!next) list->last = node; } static inline void wq_list_add_tail(struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_list *list) { if (!list->first) { list->last = node; WRITE_ONCE(list->first, node); } else { list->last->next = node; list->last = node; } node->next = NULL; } static inline void wq_list_cut(struct io_wq_work_list *list, struct io_wq_work_node *last, struct io_wq_work_node *prev) { /* first in the list, if prev==NULL */ if (!prev) WRITE_ONCE(list->first, last->next); else prev->next = last->next; if (last == list->last) list->last = prev; last->next = NULL; } static inline void wq_list_del(struct io_wq_work_list *list, struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_node *prev) { wq_list_cut(list, node, prev); } #define wq_list_for_each(pos, prv, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first, prv = NULL; pos; prv = pos, pos = (pos)->next) #define wq_list_empty(list) (READ_ONCE((list)->first) == NULL) #define INIT_WQ_LIST(list) do { \ (list)->first = NULL; \ (list)->last = NULL; \ } while (0) struct io_wq_work { struct io_wq_work_node list; struct io_identity *identity; unsigned flags; }; static inline struct io_wq_work *wq_next_work(struct io_wq_work *work) { if (!work->list.next) return NULL; return container_of(work->list.next, struct io_wq_work, list); } typedef void (free_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *); typedef struct io_wq_work *(io_wq_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *); struct io_wq_data { struct user_struct *user; io_wq_work_fn *do_work; free_work_fn *free_work; }; struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data); bool io_wq_get(struct io_wq *wq, struct io_wq_data *data); void io_wq_destroy(struct io_wq *wq); void io_wq_enqueue(struct io_wq *wq, struct io_wq_work *work); void io_wq_hash_work(struct io_wq_work *work, void *val); static inline bool io_wq_is_hashed(struct io_wq_work *work) { return work->flags & IO_WQ_WORK_HASHED; } void io_wq_cancel_all(struct io_wq *wq); typedef bool (work_cancel_fn)(struct io_wq_work *, void *); enum io_wq_cancel io_wq_cancel_cb(struct io_wq *wq, work_cancel_fn *cancel, void *data, bool cancel_all); struct task_struct *io_wq_get_task(struct io_wq *wq); #if defined(CONFIG_IO_WQ) extern void io_wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *); extern void io_wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *); #else static inline void io_wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void io_wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif static inline bool io_wq_current_is_worker(void) { return in_task() && (current->flags & PF_IO_WORKER); } #endif
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1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * lib/bitmap.c * Helper functions for bitmap.h. */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include "kstrtox.h" /** * DOC: bitmap introduction * * bitmaps provide an array of bits, implemented using an * array of unsigned longs. The number of valid bits in a * given bitmap does _not_ need to be an exact multiple of * BITS_PER_LONG. * * The possible unused bits in the last, partially used word * of a bitmap are 'don't care'. The implementation makes * no particular effort to keep them zero. It ensures that * their value will not affect the results of any operation. * The bitmap operations that return Boolean (bitmap_empty, * for example) or scalar (bitmap_weight, for example) results * carefully filter out these unused bits from impacting their * results. * * The byte ordering of bitmaps is more natural on little * endian architectures. See the big-endian headers * include/asm-ppc64/bitops.h and include/asm-s390/bitops.h * for the best explanations of this ordering. */ int __bitmap_equal(const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k, lim = bits/BITS_PER_LONG; for (k = 0; k < lim; ++k) if (bitmap1[k] != bitmap2[k]) return 0; if (bits % BITS_PER_LONG) if ((bitmap1[k] ^ bitmap2[k]) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(bits)) return 0; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_equal); bool __bitmap_or_equal(const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, const unsigned long *bitmap3, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k, lim = bits / BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned long tmp; for (k = 0; k < lim; ++k) { if ((bitmap1[k] | bitmap2[k]) != bitmap3[k]) return false; } if (!(bits % BITS_PER_LONG)) return true; tmp = (bitmap1[k] | bitmap2[k]) ^ bitmap3[k]; return (tmp & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(bits)) == 0; } void __bitmap_complement(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k, lim = BITS_TO_LONGS(bits); for (k = 0; k < lim; ++k) dst[k] = ~src[k]; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_complement); /** * __bitmap_shift_right - logical right shift of the bits in a bitmap * @dst : destination bitmap * @src : source bitmap * @shift : shift by this many bits * @nbits : bitmap size, in bits * * Shifting right (dividing) means moving bits in the MS -> LS bit * direction. Zeros are fed into the vacated MS positions and the * LS bits shifted off the bottom are lost. */ void __bitmap_shift_right(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned shift, unsigned nbits) { unsigned k, lim = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits); unsigned off = shift/BITS_PER_LONG, rem = shift % BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned long mask = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits); for (k = 0; off + k < lim; ++k) { unsigned long upper, lower; /* * If shift is not word aligned, take lower rem bits of * word above and make them the top rem bits of result. */ if (!rem || off + k + 1 >= lim) upper = 0; else { upper = src[off + k + 1]; if (off + k + 1 == lim - 1) upper &= mask; upper <<= (BITS_PER_LONG - rem); } lower = src[off + k]; if (off + k == lim - 1) lower &= mask; lower >>= rem; dst[k] = lower | upper; } if (off) memset(&dst[lim - off], 0, off*sizeof(unsigned long)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_shift_right); /** * __bitmap_shift_left - logical left shift of the bits in a bitmap * @dst : destination bitmap * @src : source bitmap * @shift : shift by this many bits * @nbits : bitmap size, in bits * * Shifting left (multiplying) means moving bits in the LS -> MS * direction. Zeros are fed into the vacated LS bit positions * and those MS bits shifted off the top are lost. */ void __bitmap_shift_left(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int shift, unsigned int nbits) { int k; unsigned int lim = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits); unsigned int off = shift/BITS_PER_LONG, rem = shift % BITS_PER_LONG; for (k = lim - off - 1; k >= 0; --k) { unsigned long upper, lower; /* * If shift is not word aligned, take upper rem bits of * word below and make them the bottom rem bits of result. */ if (rem && k > 0) lower = src[k - 1] >> (BITS_PER_LONG - rem); else lower = 0; upper = src[k] << rem; dst[k + off] = lower | upper; } if (off) memset(dst, 0, off*sizeof(unsigned long)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_shift_left); /** * bitmap_cut() - remove bit region from bitmap and right shift remaining bits * @dst: destination bitmap, might overlap with src * @src: source bitmap * @first: start bit of region to be removed * @cut: number of bits to remove * @nbits: bitmap size, in bits * * Set the n-th bit of @dst iff the n-th bit of @src is set and * n is less than @first, or the m-th bit of @src is set for any * m such that @first <= n < nbits, and m = n + @cut. * * In pictures, example for a big-endian 32-bit architecture: * * The @src bitmap is:: * * 31 63 * | | * 10000000 11000001 11110010 00010101 10000000 11000001 01110010 00010101 * | | | | * 16 14 0 32 * * if @cut is 3, and @first is 14, bits 14-16 in @src are cut and @dst is:: * * 31 63 * | | * 10110000 00011000 00110010 00010101 00010000 00011000 00101110 01000010 * | | | * 14 (bit 17 0 32 * from @src) * * Note that @dst and @src might overlap partially or entirely. * * This is implemented in the obvious way, with a shift and carry * step for each moved bit. Optimisation is left as an exercise * for the compiler. */ void bitmap_cut(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int first, unsigned int cut, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int len = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits); unsigned long keep = 0, carry; int i; if (first % BITS_PER_LONG) { keep = src[first / BITS_PER_LONG] & (~0UL >> (BITS_PER_LONG - first % BITS_PER_LONG)); } memmove(dst, src, len * sizeof(*dst)); while (cut--) { for (i = first / BITS_PER_LONG; i < len; i++) { if (i < len - 1) carry = dst[i + 1] & 1UL; else carry = 0; dst[i] = (dst[i] >> 1) | (carry << (BITS_PER_LONG - 1)); } } dst[first / BITS_PER_LONG] &= ~0UL << (first % BITS_PER_LONG); dst[first / BITS_PER_LONG] |= keep; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_cut); int __bitmap_and(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k; unsigned int lim = bits/BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned long result = 0; for (k = 0; k < lim; k++) result |= (dst[k] = bitmap1[k] & bitmap2[k]); if (bits % BITS_PER_LONG) result |= (dst[k] = bitmap1[k] & bitmap2[k] & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(bits)); return result != 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_and); void __bitmap_or(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k; unsigned int nr = BITS_TO_LONGS(bits); for (k = 0; k < nr; k++) dst[k] = bitmap1[k] | bitmap2[k]; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_or); void __bitmap_xor(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k; unsigned int nr = BITS_TO_LONGS(bits); for (k = 0; k < nr; k++) dst[k] = bitmap1[k] ^ bitmap2[k]; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_xor); int __bitmap_andnot(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k; unsigned int lim = bits/BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned long result = 0; for (k = 0; k < lim; k++) result |= (dst[k] = bitmap1[k] & ~bitmap2[k]); if (bits % BITS_PER_LONG) result |= (dst[k] = bitmap1[k] & ~bitmap2[k] & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(bits)); return result != 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_andnot); void __bitmap_replace(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *old, const unsigned long *new, const unsigned long *mask, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int k; unsigned int nr = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits); for (k = 0; k < nr; k++) dst[k] = (old[k] & ~mask[k]) | (new[k] & mask[k]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_replace); int __bitmap_intersects(const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k, lim = bits/BITS_PER_LONG; for (k = 0; k < lim; ++k) if (bitmap1[k] & bitmap2[k]) return 1; if (bits % BITS_PER_LONG) if ((bitmap1[k] & bitmap2[k]) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(bits)) return 1; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_intersects); int __bitmap_subset(const unsigned long *bitmap1, const unsigned long *bitmap2, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k, lim = bits/BITS_PER_LONG; for (k = 0; k < lim; ++k) if (bitmap1[k] & ~bitmap2[k]) return 0; if (bits % BITS_PER_LONG) if ((bitmap1[k] & ~bitmap2[k]) & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(bits)) return 0; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_subset); int __bitmap_weight(const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int k, lim = bits/BITS_PER_LONG; int w = 0; for (k = 0; k < lim; k++) w += hweight_long(bitmap[k]); if (bits % BITS_PER_LONG) w += hweight_long(bitmap[k] & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(bits)); return w; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_weight); void __bitmap_set(unsigned long *map, unsigned int start, int len) { unsigned long *p = map + BIT_WORD(start); const unsigned int size = start + len; int bits_to_set = BITS_PER_LONG - (start % BITS_PER_LONG); unsigned long mask_to_set = BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start); while (len - bits_to_set >= 0) { *p |= mask_to_set; len -= bits_to_set; bits_to_set = BITS_PER_LONG; mask_to_set = ~0UL; p++; } if (len) { mask_to_set &= BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(size); *p |= mask_to_set; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_set); void __bitmap_clear(unsigned long *map, unsigned int start, int len) { unsigned long *p = map + BIT_WORD(start); const unsigned int size = start + len; int bits_to_clear = BITS_PER_LONG - (start % BITS_PER_LONG); unsigned long mask_to_clear = BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start); while (len - bits_to_clear >= 0) { *p &= ~mask_to_clear; len -= bits_to_clear; bits_to_clear = BITS_PER_LONG; mask_to_clear = ~0UL; p++; } if (len) { mask_to_clear &= BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(size); *p &= ~mask_to_clear; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_clear); /** * bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off - find a contiguous aligned zero area * @map: The address to base the search on * @size: The bitmap size in bits * @start: The bitnumber to start searching at * @nr: The number of zeroed bits we're looking for * @align_mask: Alignment mask for zero area * @align_offset: Alignment offset for zero area. * * The @align_mask should be one less than a power of 2; the effect is that * the bit offset of all zero areas this function finds plus @align_offset * is multiple of that power of 2. */ unsigned long bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off(unsigned long *map, unsigned long size, unsigned long start, unsigned int nr, unsigned long align_mask, unsigned long align_offset) { unsigned long index, end, i; again: index = find_next_zero_bit(map, size, start); /* Align allocation */ index = __ALIGN_MASK(index + align_offset, align_mask) - align_offset; end = index + nr; if (end > size) return end; i = find_next_bit(map, end, index); if (i < end) { start = i + 1; goto again; } return index; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off); /* * Bitmap printing & parsing functions: first version by Nadia Yvette Chambers, * second version by Paul Jackson, third by Joe Korty. */ /** * bitmap_parse_user - convert an ASCII hex string in a user buffer into a bitmap * * @ubuf: pointer to user buffer containing string. * @ulen: buffer size in bytes. If string is smaller than this * then it must be terminated with a \0. * @maskp: pointer to bitmap array that will contain result. * @nmaskbits: size of bitmap, in bits. */ int bitmap_parse_user(const char __user *ubuf, unsigned int ulen, unsigned long *maskp, int nmaskbits) { char *buf; int ret; buf = memdup_user_nul(ubuf, ulen); if (IS_ERR(buf)) return PTR_ERR(buf); ret = bitmap_parse(buf, UINT_MAX, maskp, nmaskbits); kfree(buf); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_parse_user); /** * bitmap_print_to_pagebuf - convert bitmap to list or hex format ASCII string * @list: indicates whether the bitmap must be list * @buf: page aligned buffer into which string is placed * @maskp: pointer to bitmap to convert * @nmaskbits: size of bitmap, in bits * * Output format is a comma-separated list of decimal numbers and * ranges if list is specified or hex digits grouped into comma-separated * sets of 8 digits/set. Returns the number of characters written to buf. * * It is assumed that @buf is a pointer into a PAGE_SIZE, page-aligned * area and that sufficient storage remains at @buf to accommodate the * bitmap_print_to_pagebuf() output. Returns the number of characters * actually printed to @buf, excluding terminating '\0'. */ int bitmap_print_to_pagebuf(bool list, char *buf, const unsigned long *maskp, int nmaskbits) { ptrdiff_t len = PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(buf); return list ? scnprintf(buf, len, "%*pbl\n", nmaskbits, maskp) : scnprintf(buf, len, "%*pb\n", nmaskbits, maskp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_print_to_pagebuf); /* * Region 9-38:4/10 describes the following bitmap structure: * 0 9 12 18 38 * .........****......****......****...... * ^ ^ ^ ^ * start off group_len end */ struct region { unsigned int start; unsigned int off; unsigned int group_len; unsigned int end; }; static int bitmap_set_region(const struct region *r, unsigned long *bitmap, int nbits) { unsigned int start; if (r->end >= nbits) return -ERANGE; for (start = r->start; start <= r->end; start += r->group_len) bitmap_set(bitmap, start, min(r->end - start + 1, r->off)); return 0; } static int bitmap_check_region(const struct region *r) { if (r->start > r->end || r->group_len == 0 || r->off > r->group_len) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static const char *bitmap_getnum(const char *str, unsigned int *num) { unsigned long long n; unsigned int len; len = _parse_integer(str, 10, &n); if (!len) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (len & KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW || n != (unsigned int)n) return ERR_PTR(-EOVERFLOW); *num = n; return str + len; } static inline bool end_of_str(char c) { return c == '\0' || c == '\n'; } static inline bool __end_of_region(char c) { return isspace(c) || c == ','; } static inline bool end_of_region(char c) { return __end_of_region(c) || end_of_str(c); } /* * The format allows commas and whitespaces at the beginning * of the region. */ static const char *bitmap_find_region(const char *str) { while (__end_of_region(*str)) str++; return end_of_str(*str) ? NULL : str; } static const char *bitmap_find_region_reverse(const char *start, const char *end) { while (start <= end && __end_of_region(*end)) end--; return end; } static const char *bitmap_parse_region(const char *str, struct region *r) { str = bitmap_getnum(str, &r->start); if (IS_ERR(str)) return str; if (end_of_region(*str)) goto no_end; if (*str != '-') return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); str = bitmap_getnum(str + 1, &r->end); if (IS_ERR(str)) return str; if (end_of_region(*str)) goto no_pattern; if (*str != ':') return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); str = bitmap_getnum(str + 1, &r->off); if (IS_ERR(str)) return str; if (*str != '/') return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return bitmap_getnum(str + 1, &r->group_len); no_end: r->end = r->start; no_pattern: r->off = r->end + 1; r->group_len = r->end + 1; return end_of_str(*str) ? NULL : str; } /** * bitmap_parselist - convert list format ASCII string to bitmap * @buf: read user string from this buffer; must be terminated * with a \0 or \n. * @maskp: write resulting mask here * @nmaskbits: number of bits in mask to be written * * Input format is a comma-separated list of decimal numbers and * ranges. Consecutively set bits are shown as two hyphen-separated * decimal numbers, the smallest and largest bit numbers set in * the range. * Optionally each range can be postfixed to denote that only parts of it * should be set. The range will divided to groups of specific size. * From each group will be used only defined amount of bits. * Syntax: range:used_size/group_size * Example: 0-1023:2/256 ==> 0,1,256,257,512,513,768,769 * * Returns: 0 on success, -errno on invalid input strings. Error values: * * - ``-EINVAL``: wrong region format * - ``-EINVAL``: invalid character in string * - ``-ERANGE``: bit number specified too large for mask * - ``-EOVERFLOW``: integer overflow in the input parameters */ int bitmap_parselist(const char *buf, unsigned long *maskp, int nmaskbits) { struct region r; long ret; bitmap_zero(maskp, nmaskbits); while (buf) { buf = bitmap_find_region(buf); if (buf == NULL) return 0; buf = bitmap_parse_region(buf, &r); if (IS_ERR(buf)) return PTR_ERR(buf); ret = bitmap_check_region(&r); if (ret) return ret; ret = bitmap_set_region(&r, maskp, nmaskbits); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_parselist); /** * bitmap_parselist_user() * * @ubuf: pointer to user buffer containing string. * @ulen: buffer size in bytes. If string is smaller than this * then it must be terminated with a \0. * @maskp: pointer to bitmap array that will contain result. * @nmaskbits: size of bitmap, in bits. * * Wrapper for bitmap_parselist(), providing it with user buffer. */ int bitmap_parselist_user(const char __user *ubuf, unsigned int ulen, unsigned long *maskp, int nmaskbits) { char *buf; int ret; buf = memdup_user_nul(ubuf, ulen); if (IS_ERR(buf)) return PTR_ERR(buf); ret = bitmap_parselist(buf, maskp, nmaskbits); kfree(buf); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_parselist_user); static const char *bitmap_get_x32_reverse(const char *start, const char *end, u32 *num) { u32 ret = 0; int c, i; for (i = 0; i < 32; i += 4) { c = hex_to_bin(*end--); if (c < 0) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); ret |= c << i; if (start > end || __end_of_region(*end)) goto out; } if (hex_to_bin(*end--) >= 0) return ERR_PTR(-EOVERFLOW); out: *num = ret; return end; } /** * bitmap_parse - convert an ASCII hex string into a bitmap. * @start: pointer to buffer containing string. * @buflen: buffer size in bytes. If string is smaller than this * then it must be terminated with a \0 or \n. In that case, * UINT_MAX may be provided instead of string length. * @maskp: pointer to bitmap array that will contain result. * @nmaskbits: size of bitmap, in bits. * * Commas group hex digits into chunks. Each chunk defines exactly 32 * bits of the resultant bitmask. No chunk may specify a value larger * than 32 bits (%-EOVERFLOW), and if a chunk specifies a smaller value * then leading 0-bits are prepended. %-EINVAL is returned for illegal * characters. Grouping such as "1,,5", ",44", "," or "" is allowed. * Leading, embedded and trailing whitespace accepted. */ int bitmap_parse(const char *start, unsigned int buflen, unsigned long *maskp, int nmaskbits) { const char *end = strnchrnul(start, buflen, '\n') - 1; int chunks = BITS_TO_U32(nmaskbits); u32 *bitmap = (u32 *)maskp; int unset_bit; int chunk; for (chunk = 0; ; chunk++) { end = bitmap_find_region_reverse(start, end); if (start > end) break; if (!chunks--) return -EOVERFLOW; #if defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(__BIG_ENDIAN) end = bitmap_get_x32_reverse(start, end, &bitmap[chunk ^ 1]); #else end = bitmap_get_x32_reverse(start, end, &bitmap[chunk]); #endif if (IS_ERR(end)) return PTR_ERR(end); } unset_bit = (BITS_TO_U32(nmaskbits) - chunks) * 32; if (unset_bit < nmaskbits) { bitmap_clear(maskp, unset_bit, nmaskbits - unset_bit); return 0; } if (find_next_bit(maskp, unset_bit, nmaskbits) != unset_bit) return -EOVERFLOW; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_parse); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /** * bitmap_pos_to_ord - find ordinal of set bit at given position in bitmap * @buf: pointer to a bitmap * @pos: a bit position in @buf (0 <= @pos < @nbits) * @nbits: number of valid bit positions in @buf * * Map the bit at position @pos in @buf (of length @nbits) to the * ordinal of which set bit it is. If it is not set or if @pos * is not a valid bit position, map to -1. * * If for example, just bits 4 through 7 are set in @buf, then @pos * values 4 through 7 will get mapped to 0 through 3, respectively, * and other @pos values will get mapped to -1. When @pos value 7 * gets mapped to (returns) @ord value 3 in this example, that means * that bit 7 is the 3rd (starting with 0th) set bit in @buf. * * The bit positions 0 through @bits are valid positions in @buf. */ static int bitmap_pos_to_ord(const unsigned long *buf, unsigned int pos, unsigned int nbits) { if (pos >= nbits || !test_bit(pos, buf)) return -1; return __bitmap_weight(buf, pos); } /** * bitmap_ord_to_pos - find position of n-th set bit in bitmap * @buf: pointer to bitmap * @ord: ordinal bit position (n-th set bit, n >= 0) * @nbits: number of valid bit positions in @buf * * Map the ordinal offset of bit @ord in @buf to its position in @buf. * Value of @ord should be in range 0 <= @ord < weight(buf). If @ord * >= weight(buf), returns @nbits. * * If for example, just bits 4 through 7 are set in @buf, then @ord * values 0 through 3 will get mapped to 4 through 7, respectively, * and all other @ord values returns @nbits. When @ord value 3 * gets mapped to (returns) @pos value 7 in this example, that means * that the 3rd set bit (starting with 0th) is at position 7 in @buf. * * The bit positions 0 through @nbits-1 are valid positions in @buf. */ unsigned int bitmap_ord_to_pos(const unsigned long *buf, unsigned int ord, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int pos; for (pos = find_first_bit(buf, nbits); pos < nbits && ord; pos = find_next_bit(buf, nbits, pos + 1)) ord--; return pos; } /** * bitmap_remap - Apply map defined by a pair of bitmaps to another bitmap * @dst: remapped result * @src: subset to be remapped * @old: defines domain of map * @new: defines range of map * @nbits: number of bits in each of these bitmaps * * Let @old and @new define a mapping of bit positions, such that * whatever position is held by the n-th set bit in @old is mapped * to the n-th set bit in @new. In the more general case, allowing * for the possibility that the weight 'w' of @new is less than the * weight of @old, map the position of the n-th set bit in @old to * the position of the m-th set bit in @new, where m == n % w. * * If either of the @old and @new bitmaps are empty, or if @src and * @dst point to the same location, then this routine copies @src * to @dst. * * The positions of unset bits in @old are mapped to themselves * (the identify map). * * Apply the above specified mapping to @src, placing the result in * @dst, clearing any bits previously set in @dst. * * For example, lets say that @old has bits 4 through 7 set, and * @new has bits 12 through 15 set. This defines the mapping of bit * position 4 to 12, 5 to 13, 6 to 14 and 7 to 15, and of all other * bit positions unchanged. So if say @src comes into this routine * with bits 1, 5 and 7 set, then @dst should leave with bits 1, * 13 and 15 set. */ void bitmap_remap(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, const unsigned long *old, const unsigned long *new, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int oldbit, w; if (dst == src) /* following doesn't handle inplace remaps */ return; bitmap_zero(dst, nbits); w = bitmap_weight(new, nbits); for_each_set_bit(oldbit, src, nbits) { int n = bitmap_pos_to_ord(old, oldbit, nbits); if (n < 0 || w == 0) set_bit(oldbit, dst); /* identity map */ else set_bit(bitmap_ord_to_pos(new, n % w, nbits), dst); } } /** * bitmap_bitremap - Apply map defined by a pair of bitmaps to a single bit * @oldbit: bit position to be mapped * @old: defines domain of map * @new: defines range of map * @bits: number of bits in each of these bitmaps * * Let @old and @new define a mapping of bit positions, such that * whatever position is held by the n-th set bit in @old is mapped * to the n-th set bit in @new. In the more general case, allowing * for the possibility that the weight 'w' of @new is less than the * weight of @old, map the position of the n-th set bit in @old to * the position of the m-th set bit in @new, where m == n % w. * * The positions of unset bits in @old are mapped to themselves * (the identify map). * * Apply the above specified mapping to bit position @oldbit, returning * the new bit position. * * For example, lets say that @old has bits 4 through 7 set, and * @new has bits 12 through 15 set. This defines the mapping of bit * position 4 to 12, 5 to 13, 6 to 14 and 7 to 15, and of all other * bit positions unchanged. So if say @oldbit is 5, then this routine * returns 13. */ int bitmap_bitremap(int oldbit, const unsigned long *old, const unsigned long *new, int bits) { int w = bitmap_weight(new, bits); int n = bitmap_pos_to_ord(old, oldbit, bits); if (n < 0 || w == 0) return oldbit; else return bitmap_ord_to_pos(new, n % w, bits); } /** * bitmap_onto - translate one bitmap relative to another * @dst: resulting translated bitmap * @orig: original untranslated bitmap * @relmap: bitmap relative to which translated * @bits: number of bits in each of these bitmaps * * Set the n-th bit of @dst iff there exists some m such that the * n-th bit of @relmap is set, the m-th bit of @orig is set, and * the n-th bit of @relmap is also the m-th _set_ bit of @relmap. * (If you understood the previous sentence the first time your * read it, you're overqualified for your current job.) * * In other words, @orig is mapped onto (surjectively) @dst, * using the map { <n, m> | the n-th bit of @relmap is the * m-th set bit of @relmap }. * * Any set bits in @orig above bit number W, where W is the * weight of (number of set bits in) @relmap are mapped nowhere. * In particular, if for all bits m set in @orig, m >= W, then * @dst will end up empty. In situations where the possibility * of such an empty result is not desired, one way to avoid it is * to use the bitmap_fold() operator, below, to first fold the * @orig bitmap over itself so that all its set bits x are in the * range 0 <= x < W. The bitmap_fold() operator does this by * setting the bit (m % W) in @dst, for each bit (m) set in @orig. * * Example [1] for bitmap_onto(): * Let's say @relmap has bits 30-39 set, and @orig has bits * 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11 set. Then on return from this routine, * @dst will have bits 31, 33, 35, 37 and 39 set. * * When bit 0 is set in @orig, it means turn on the bit in * @dst corresponding to whatever is the first bit (if any) * that is turned on in @relmap. Since bit 0 was off in the * above example, we leave off that bit (bit 30) in @dst. * * When bit 1 is set in @orig (as in the above example), it * means turn on the bit in @dst corresponding to whatever * is the second bit that is turned on in @relmap. The second * bit in @relmap that was turned on in the above example was * bit 31, so we turned on bit 31 in @dst. * * Similarly, we turned on bits 33, 35, 37 and 39 in @dst, * because they were the 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th set bits * set in @relmap, and the 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th bits of * @orig (i.e. bits 3, 5, 7 and 9) were also set. * * When bit 11 is set in @orig, it means turn on the bit in * @dst corresponding to whatever is the twelfth bit that is * turned on in @relmap. In the above example, there were * only ten bits turned on in @relmap (30..39), so that bit * 11 was set in @orig had no affect on @dst. * * Example [2] for bitmap_fold() + bitmap_onto(): * Let's say @relmap has these ten bits set:: * * 40 41 42 43 45 48 53 61 74 95 * * (for the curious, that's 40 plus the first ten terms of the * Fibonacci sequence.) * * Further lets say we use the following code, invoking * bitmap_fold() then bitmap_onto, as suggested above to * avoid the possibility of an empty @dst result:: * * unsigned long *tmp; // a temporary bitmap's bits * * bitmap_fold(tmp, orig, bitmap_weight(relmap, bits), bits); * bitmap_onto(dst, tmp, relmap, bits); * * Then this table shows what various values of @dst would be, for * various @orig's. I list the zero-based positions of each set bit. * The tmp column shows the intermediate result, as computed by * using bitmap_fold() to fold the @orig bitmap modulo ten * (the weight of @relmap): * * =============== ============== ================= * @orig tmp @dst * 0 0 40 * 1 1 41 * 9 9 95 * 10 0 40 [#f1]_ * 1 3 5 7 1 3 5 7 41 43 48 61 * 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 40 41 42 43 45 * 0 9 18 27 0 9 8 7 40 61 74 95 * 0 10 20 30 0 40 * 0 11 22 33 0 1 2 3 40 41 42 43 * 0 12 24 36 0 2 4 6 40 42 45 53 * 78 102 211 1 2 8 41 42 74 [#f1]_ * =============== ============== ================= * * .. [#f1] * * For these marked lines, if we hadn't first done bitmap_fold() * into tmp, then the @dst result would have been empty. * * If either of @orig or @relmap is empty (no set bits), then @dst * will be returned empty. * * If (as explained above) the only set bits in @orig are in positions * m where m >= W, (where W is the weight of @relmap) then @dst will * once again be returned empty. * * All bits in @dst not set by the above rule are cleared. */ void bitmap_onto(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *orig, const unsigned long *relmap, unsigned int bits) { unsigned int n, m; /* same meaning as in above comment */ if (dst == orig) /* following doesn't handle inplace mappings */ return; bitmap_zero(dst, bits); /* * The following code is a more efficient, but less * obvious, equivalent to the loop: * for (m = 0; m < bitmap_weight(relmap, bits); m++) { * n = bitmap_ord_to_pos(orig, m, bits); * if (test_bit(m, orig)) * set_bit(n, dst); * } */ m = 0; for_each_set_bit(n, relmap, bits) { /* m == bitmap_pos_to_ord(relmap, n, bits) */ if (test_bit(m, orig)) set_bit(n, dst); m++; } } /** * bitmap_fold - fold larger bitmap into smaller, modulo specified size * @dst: resulting smaller bitmap * @orig: original larger bitmap * @sz: specified size * @nbits: number of bits in each of these bitmaps * * For each bit oldbit in @orig, set bit oldbit mod @sz in @dst. * Clear all other bits in @dst. See further the comment and * Example [2] for bitmap_onto() for why and how to use this. */ void bitmap_fold(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *orig, unsigned int sz, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int oldbit; if (dst == orig) /* following doesn't handle inplace mappings */ return; bitmap_zero(dst, nbits); for_each_set_bit(oldbit, orig, nbits) set_bit(oldbit % sz, dst); } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ /* * Common code for bitmap_*_region() routines. * bitmap: array of unsigned longs corresponding to the bitmap * pos: the beginning of the region * order: region size (log base 2 of number of bits) * reg_op: operation(s) to perform on that region of bitmap * * Can set, verify and/or release a region of bits in a bitmap, * depending on which combination of REG_OP_* flag bits is set. * * A region of a bitmap is a sequence of bits in the bitmap, of * some size '1 << order' (a power of two), aligned to that same * '1 << order' power of two. * * Returns 1 if REG_OP_ISFREE succeeds (region is all zero bits). * Returns 0 in all other cases and reg_ops. */ enum { REG_OP_ISFREE, /* true if region is all zero bits */ REG_OP_ALLOC, /* set all bits in region */ REG_OP_RELEASE, /* clear all bits in region */ }; static int __reg_op(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int pos, int order, int reg_op) { int nbits_reg; /* number of bits in region */ int index; /* index first long of region in bitmap */ int offset; /* bit offset region in bitmap[index] */ int nlongs_reg; /* num longs spanned by region in bitmap */ int nbitsinlong; /* num bits of region in each spanned long */ unsigned long mask; /* bitmask for one long of region */ int i; /* scans bitmap by longs */ int ret = 0; /* return value */ /* * Either nlongs_reg == 1 (for small orders that fit in one long) * or (offset == 0 && mask == ~0UL) (for larger multiword orders.) */ nbits_reg = 1 << order; index = pos / BITS_PER_LONG; offset = pos - (index * BITS_PER_LONG); nlongs_reg = BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits_reg); nbitsinlong = min(nbits_reg, BITS_PER_LONG); /* * Can't do "mask = (1UL << nbitsinlong) - 1", as that * overflows if nbitsinlong == BITS_PER_LONG. */ mask = (1UL << (nbitsinlong - 1)); mask += mask - 1; mask <<= offset; switch (reg_op) { case REG_OP_ISFREE: for (i = 0; i < nlongs_reg; i++) { if (bitmap[index + i] & mask) goto done; } ret = 1; /* all bits in region free (zero) */ break; case REG_OP_ALLOC: for (i = 0; i < nlongs_reg; i++) bitmap[index + i] |= mask; break; case REG_OP_RELEASE: for (i = 0; i < nlongs_reg; i++) bitmap[index + i] &= ~mask; break; } done: return ret; } /** * bitmap_find_free_region - find a contiguous aligned mem region * @bitmap: array of unsigned longs corresponding to the bitmap * @bits: number of bits in the bitmap * @order: region size (log base 2 of number of bits) to find * * Find a region of free (zero) bits in a @bitmap of @bits bits and * allocate them (set them to one). Only consider regions of length * a power (@order) of two, aligned to that power of two, which * makes the search algorithm much faster. * * Return the bit offset in bitmap of the allocated region, * or -errno on failure. */ int bitmap_find_free_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int bits, int order) { unsigned int pos, end; /* scans bitmap by regions of size order */ for (pos = 0 ; (end = pos + (1U << order)) <= bits; pos = end) { if (!__reg_op(bitmap, pos, order, REG_OP_ISFREE)) continue; __reg_op(bitmap, pos, order, REG_OP_ALLOC); return pos; } return -ENOMEM; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_find_free_region); /** * bitmap_release_region - release allocated bitmap region * @bitmap: array of unsigned longs corresponding to the bitmap * @pos: beginning of bit region to release * @order: region size (log base 2 of number of bits) to release * * This is the complement to __bitmap_find_free_region() and releases * the found region (by clearing it in the bitmap). * * No return value. */ void bitmap_release_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int pos, int order) { __reg_op(bitmap, pos, order, REG_OP_RELEASE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_release_region); /** * bitmap_allocate_region - allocate bitmap region * @bitmap: array of unsigned longs corresponding to the bitmap * @pos: beginning of bit region to allocate * @order: region size (log base 2 of number of bits) to allocate * * Allocate (set bits in) a specified region of a bitmap. * * Return 0 on success, or %-EBUSY if specified region wasn't * free (not all bits were zero). */ int bitmap_allocate_region(unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int pos, int order) { if (!__reg_op(bitmap, pos, order, REG_OP_ISFREE)) return -EBUSY; return __reg_op(bitmap, pos, order, REG_OP_ALLOC); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_allocate_region); /** * bitmap_copy_le - copy a bitmap, putting the bits into little-endian order. * @dst: destination buffer * @src: bitmap to copy * @nbits: number of bits in the bitmap * * Require nbits % BITS_PER_LONG == 0. */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN void bitmap_copy_le(unsigned long *dst, const unsigned long *src, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < nbits/BITS_PER_LONG; i++) { if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) dst[i] = cpu_to_le64(src[i]); else dst[i] = cpu_to_le32(src[i]); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_copy_le); #endif unsigned long *bitmap_alloc(unsigned int nbits, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc_array(BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits), sizeof(unsigned long), flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_alloc); unsigned long *bitmap_zalloc(unsigned int nbits, gfp_t flags) { return bitmap_alloc(nbits, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_zalloc); void bitmap_free(const unsigned long *bitmap) { kfree(bitmap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_free); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /** * bitmap_from_arr32 - copy the contents of u32 array of bits to bitmap * @bitmap: array of unsigned longs, the destination bitmap * @buf: array of u32 (in host byte order), the source bitmap * @nbits: number of bits in @bitmap */ void bitmap_from_arr32(unsigned long *bitmap, const u32 *buf, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int i, halfwords; halfwords = DIV_ROUND_UP(nbits, 32); for (i = 0; i < halfwords; i++) { bitmap[i/2] = (unsigned long) buf[i]; if (++i < halfwords) bitmap[i/2] |= ((unsigned long) buf[i]) << 32; } /* Clear tail bits in last word beyond nbits. */ if (nbits % BITS_PER_LONG) bitmap[(halfwords - 1) / 2] &= BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_from_arr32); /** * bitmap_to_arr32 - copy the contents of bitmap to a u32 array of bits * @buf: array of u32 (in host byte order), the dest bitmap * @bitmap: array of unsigned longs, the source bitmap * @nbits: number of bits in @bitmap */ void bitmap_to_arr32(u32 *buf, const unsigned long *bitmap, unsigned int nbits) { unsigned int i, halfwords; halfwords = DIV_ROUND_UP(nbits, 32); for (i = 0; i < halfwords; i++) { buf[i] = (u32) (bitmap[i/2] & UINT_MAX); if (++i < halfwords) buf[i] = (u32) (bitmap[i/2] >> 32); } /* Clear tail bits in last element of array beyond nbits. */ if (nbits % BITS_PER_LONG) buf[halfwords - 1] &= (u32) (UINT_MAX >> ((-nbits) & 31)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bitmap_to_arr32); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM neigh #if !defined(_TRACE_NEIGH_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_NEIGH_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> #define neigh_state_str(state) \ __print_symbolic(state, \ { NUD_INCOMPLETE, "incomplete" }, \ { NUD_REACHABLE, "reachable" }, \ { NUD_STALE, "stale" }, \ { NUD_DELAY, "delay" }, \ { NUD_PROBE, "probe" }, \ { NUD_FAILED, "failed" }, \ { NUD_NOARP, "noarp" }, \ { NUD_PERMANENT, "permanent"}) TRACE_EVENT(neigh_create, TP_PROTO(struct neigh_table *tbl, struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey, const struct neighbour *n, bool exempt_from_gc), TP_ARGS(tbl, dev, pkey, n, exempt_from_gc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, family) __dynamic_array(char, dev, IFNAMSIZ ) __field(int, entries) __field(u8, created) __field(u8, gc_exempt) __array(u8, primary_key4, 4) __array(u8, primary_key6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->family = tbl->family; __assign_str(dev, (dev ? dev->name : "NULL")); __entry->entries = atomic_read(&tbl->gc_entries); __entry->created = n != NULL; __entry->gc_exempt = exempt_from_gc; pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; p32 = (__be32 *)__entry->primary_key4; if (tbl->family == AF_INET) *p32 = *(__be32 *)pkey; else *p32 = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (tbl->family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; *pin6 = *(struct in6_addr *)pkey; } #endif ), TP_printk("family %d dev %s entries %d primary_key4 %pI4 primary_key6 %pI6c created %d gc_exempt %d", __entry->family, __get_str(dev), __entry->entries, __entry->primary_key4, __entry->primary_key6, __entry->created, __entry->gc_exempt) ); TRACE_EVENT(neigh_update, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *n, const u8 *lladdr, u8 new, u32 flags, u32 nlmsg_pid), TP_ARGS(n, lladdr, new, flags, nlmsg_pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, family) __string(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")) __array(u8, lladdr, MAX_ADDR_LEN) __field(u8, lladdr_len) __field(u8, flags) __field(u8, nud_state) __field(u8, type) __field(u8, dead) __field(int, refcnt) __array(__u8, primary_key4, 4) __array(__u8, primary_key6, 16) __field(unsigned long, confirmed) __field(unsigned long, updated) __field(unsigned long, used) __array(u8, new_lladdr, MAX_ADDR_LEN) __field(u8, new_state) __field(u32, update_flags) __field(u32, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( int lladdr_len = (n->dev ? n->dev->addr_len : MAX_ADDR_LEN); struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->family = n->tbl->family; __assign_str(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")); __entry->lladdr_len = lladdr_len; memcpy(__entry->lladdr, n->ha, lladdr_len); __entry->flags = n->flags; __entry->nud_state = n->nud_state; __entry->type = n->type; __entry->dead = n->dead; __entry->refcnt = refcount_read(&n->refcnt); pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; p32 = (__be32 *)__entry->primary_key4; if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET) *p32 = *(__be32 *)n->primary_key; else *p32 = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; *pin6 = *(struct in6_addr *)n->primary_key; } else #endif { ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(*p32, pin6); } __entry->confirmed = n->confirmed; __entry->updated = n->updated; __entry->used = n->used; if (lladdr) memcpy(__entry->new_lladdr, lladdr, lladdr_len); __entry->new_state = new; __entry->update_flags = flags; __entry->pid = nlmsg_pid; ), TP_printk("family %d dev %s lladdr %s flags %02x nud_state %s type %02x " "dead %d refcnt %d primary_key4 %pI4 primary_key6 %pI6c " "confirmed %lu updated %lu used %lu new_lladdr %s " "new_state %s update_flags %02x pid %d", __entry->family, __get_str(dev), __print_hex_str(__entry->lladdr, __entry->lladdr_len), __entry->flags, neigh_state_str(__entry->nud_state), __entry->type, __entry->dead, __entry->refcnt, __entry->primary_key4, __entry->primary_key6, __entry->confirmed, __entry->updated, __entry->used, __print_hex_str(__entry->new_lladdr, __entry->lladdr_len), neigh_state_str(__entry->new_state), __entry->update_flags, __entry->pid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(neigh__update, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *n, int err), TP_ARGS(n, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, family) __string(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")) __array(u8, lladdr, MAX_ADDR_LEN) __field(u8, lladdr_len) __field(u8, flags) __field(u8, nud_state) __field(u8, type) __field(u8, dead) __field(int, refcnt) __array(__u8, primary_key4, 4) __array(__u8, primary_key6, 16) __field(unsigned long, confirmed) __field(unsigned long, updated) __field(unsigned long, used) __field(u32, err) ), TP_fast_assign( int lladdr_len = (n->dev ? n->dev->addr_len : MAX_ADDR_LEN); struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->family = n->tbl->family; __assign_str(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")); __entry->lladdr_len = lladdr_len; memcpy(__entry->lladdr, n->ha, lladdr_len); __entry->flags = n->flags; __entry->nud_state = n->nud_state; __entry->type = n->type; __entry->dead = n->dead; __entry->refcnt = refcount_read(&n->refcnt); pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; p32 = (__be32 *)__entry->primary_key4; if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET) *p32 = *(__be32 *)n->primary_key; else *p32 = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; *pin6 = *(struct in6_addr *)n->primary_key; } else #endif { ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(*p32, pin6); } __entry->confirmed = n->confirmed; __entry->updated = n->updated; __entry->used = n->used; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("family %d dev %s lladdr %s flags %02x nud_state %s type %02x " "dead %d refcnt %d primary_key4 %pI4 primary_key6 %pI6c " "confirmed %lu updated %lu used %lu err %d", __entry->family, __get_str(dev), __print_hex_str(__entry->lladdr, __entry->lladdr_len), __entry->flags, neigh_state_str(__entry->nud_state), __entry->type, __entry->dead, __entry->refcnt, __entry->primary_key4, __entry->primary_key6, __entry->confirmed, __entry->updated, __entry->used, __entry->err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_update_done, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_timer_handler, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_event_send_done, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_event_send_dead, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_cleanup_and_release, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int rc), TP_ARGS(neigh, rc) ); #endif /* _TRACE_NEIGH_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions and Declarations for tuple. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack_tuple.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple_common.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> /* A `tuple' is a structure containing the information to uniquely identify a connection. ie. if two packets have the same tuple, they are in the same connection; if not, they are not. We divide the structure along "manipulatable" and "non-manipulatable" lines, for the benefit of the NAT code. */ #define NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE ARRAY_SIZE(((union nf_inet_addr *)NULL)->all) /* The manipulable part of the tuple. */ struct nf_conntrack_man { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; /* Layer 3 protocol */ u_int16_t l3num; }; /* This contains the information to distinguish a connection. */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple { struct nf_conntrack_man src; /* These are the parts of the tuple which are fixed. */ struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union { /* Add other protocols here. */ __be16 all; struct { __be16 port; } tcp; struct { __be16 port; } udp; struct { u_int8_t type, code; } icmp; struct { __be16 port; } dccp; struct { __be16 port; } sctp; struct { __be16 key; } gre; } u; /* The protocol. */ u_int8_t protonum; /* The direction (for tuplehash) */ u_int8_t dir; } dst; }; struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask { struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; } src; }; static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI4:%hu -> %pI4:%hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, &t->src.u3.ip, ntohs(t->src.u.all), &t->dst.u3.ip, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI6 %hu -> %pI6 %hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, t->src.u3.all, ntohs(t->src.u.all), t->dst.u3.all, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { switch (t->src.l3num) { case AF_INET: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(t); break; case AF_INET6: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(t); break; } } /* If we're the first tuple, it's the original dir. */ #define NF_CT_DIRECTION(h) \ ((enum ip_conntrack_dir)(h)->tuple.dst.dir) /* Connections have two entries in the hash table: one for each way */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash { struct hlist_nulls_node hnnode; struct nf_conntrack_tuple tuple; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->src.u3, &t2->src.u3) && t1->src.u.all == t2->src.u.all && t1->src.l3num == t2->src.l3num); } static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->dst.u3, &t2->dst.u3) && t1->dst.u.all == t2->dst.u.all && t1->dst.protonum == t2->dst.protonum); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(t1, t2) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t1, t2); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&m1->src.u3, &m2->src.u3) && m1->src.u.all == m2->src.u.all); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { int count; for (count = 0; count < NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE; count++) { if ((t1->src.u3.all[count] ^ t2->src.u3.all[count]) & mask->src.u3.all[count]) return false; } if ((t1->src.u.all ^ t2->src.u.all) & mask->src.u.all) return false; if (t1->src.l3num != t2->src.l3num || t1->dst.protonum != t2->dst.protonum) return false; return true; } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { return nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(t, tuple, mask) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t, tuple); } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 /* * The VGA aribiter manages VGA space routing and VGA resource decode to * allow multiple VGA devices to be used in a system in a safe way. * * (C) Copyright 2005 Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> * (C) Copyright 2007 Paulo R. Zanoni <przanoni@gmail.com> * (C) Copyright 2007, 2009 Tiago Vignatti <vignatti@freedesktop.org> * * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: * * The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next * paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the * Software. * * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER * DEALINGS * IN THE SOFTWARE. * */ #ifndef LINUX_VGA_H #define LINUX_VGA_H #include <video/vga.h> /* Legacy VGA regions */ #define VGA_RSRC_NONE 0x00 #define VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO 0x01 #define VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM 0x02 #define VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK (VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM) /* Non-legacy access */ #define VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO 0x04 #define VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM 0x08 /* Passing that instead of a pci_dev to use the system "default" * device, that is the one used by vgacon. Archs will probably * have to provide their own vga_default_device(); */ #define VGA_DEFAULT_DEVICE (NULL) struct pci_dev; /* For use by clients */ /** * vga_set_legacy_decoding * * @pdev: pci device of the VGA card * @decodes: bit mask of what legacy regions the card decodes * * Indicates to the arbiter if the card decodes legacy VGA IOs, * legacy VGA Memory, both, or none. All cards default to both, * the card driver (fbdev for example) should tell the arbiter * if it has disabled legacy decoding, so the card can be left * out of the arbitration process (and can be safe to take * interrupts at any time. */ #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) extern void vga_set_legacy_decoding(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int decodes); #else static inline void vga_set_legacy_decoding(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int decodes) { }; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) extern int vga_get(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc, int interruptible); #else static inline int vga_get(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc, int interruptible) { return 0; } #endif /** * vga_get_interruptible * @pdev: pci device of the VGA card or NULL for the system default * @rsrc: bit mask of resources to acquire and lock * * Shortcut to vga_get with interruptible set to true. * * On success, release the VGA resource again with vga_put(). */ static inline int vga_get_interruptible(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc) { return vga_get(pdev, rsrc, 1); } /** * vga_get_uninterruptible - shortcut to vga_get() * @pdev: pci device of the VGA card or NULL for the system default * @rsrc: bit mask of resources to acquire and lock * * Shortcut to vga_get with interruptible set to false. * * On success, release the VGA resource again with vga_put(). */ static inline int vga_get_uninterruptible(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc) { return vga_get(pdev, rsrc, 0); } #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) extern void vga_put(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc); #else #define vga_put(pdev, rsrc) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VGA_ARB extern struct pci_dev *vga_default_device(void); extern void vga_set_default_device(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern int vga_remove_vgacon(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline struct pci_dev *vga_default_device(void) { return NULL; }; static inline void vga_set_default_device(struct pci_dev *pdev) { }; static inline int vga_remove_vgacon(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return 0; }; #endif /* * Architectures should define this if they have several * independent PCI domains that can afford concurrent VGA * decoding */ #ifndef __ARCH_HAS_VGA_CONFLICT static inline int vga_conflicts(struct pci_dev *p1, struct pci_dev *p2) { return 1; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) int vga_client_register(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *cookie, void (*irq_set_state)(void *cookie, bool state), unsigned int (*set_vga_decode)(void *cookie, bool state)); #else static inline int vga_client_register(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *cookie, void (*irq_set_state)(void *cookie, bool state), unsigned int (*set_vga_decode)(void *cookie, bool state)) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* LINUX_VGA_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ /* * ext4_jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com>, 1999 * * Copyright 1998--1999 Red Hat corp --- All Rights Reserved * * Ext4-specific journaling extensions. */ #ifndef _EXT4_JBD2_H #define _EXT4_JBD2_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include "ext4.h" #define EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) (EXT4_SB((inode)->i_sb)->s_journal) /* Define the number of blocks we need to account to a transaction to * modify one block of data. * * We may have to touch one inode, one bitmap buffer, up to three * indirection blocks, the group and superblock summaries, and the data * block to complete the transaction. * * For extents-enabled fs we may have to allocate and modify up to * 5 levels of tree, data block (for each of these we need bitmap + group * summaries), root which is stored in the inode, sb */ #define EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) \ (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb) ? 20U : 8U) /* Extended attribute operations touch at most two data buffers, * two bitmap buffers, and two group summaries, in addition to the inode * and the superblock, which are already accounted for. */ #define EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS 6U /* Define the minimum size for a transaction which modifies data. This * needs to take into account the fact that we may end up modifying two * quota files too (one for the group, one for the user quota). The * superblock only gets updated once, of course, so don't bother * counting that again for the quota updates. */ #define EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) + \ EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS - 2 + \ EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) /* * Define the number of metadata blocks we need to account to modify data. * * This include super block, inode block, quota blocks and xattr blocks */ #define EXT4_META_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS + \ EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) /* Define an arbitrary limit for the amount of data we will anticipate * writing to any given transaction. For unbounded transactions such as * write(2) and truncate(2) we can write more than this, but we always * start off at the maximum transaction size and grow the transaction * optimistically as we go. */ #define EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA 64U /* We break up a large truncate or write transaction once the handle's * buffer credits gets this low, we need either to extend the * transaction or to start a new one. Reserve enough space here for * inode, bitmap, superblock, group and indirection updates for at least * one block, plus two quota updates. Quota allocations are not * needed. */ #define EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS 12U /* * Number of credits needed if we need to insert an entry into a * directory. For each new index block, we need 4 blocks (old index * block, new index block, bitmap block, bg summary). For normal * htree directories there are 2 levels; if the largedir feature * enabled it's 3 levels. */ #define EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS 12U #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Amount of blocks needed for quota update - we know that the structure was * allocated so we need to update only data block */ #define EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ? 1 : 0) /* Amount of blocks needed for quota insert/delete - we do some block writes * but inode, sb and group updates are done only once */ #define EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ?\ (DQUOT_INIT_ALLOC*(EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)-3)\ +3+DQUOT_INIT_REWRITE) : 0) #define EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ?\ (DQUOT_DEL_ALLOC*(EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)-3)\ +3+DQUOT_DEL_REWRITE) : 0) #else #define EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #define EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #define EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #endif #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb)) #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb)) /* * Ext4 handle operation types -- for logging purposes */ #define EXT4_HT_MISC 0 #define EXT4_HT_INODE 1 #define EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE 2 #define EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS 3 #define EXT4_HT_DIR 4 #define EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE 5 #define EXT4_HT_QUOTA 6 #define EXT4_HT_RESIZE 7 #define EXT4_HT_MIGRATE 8 #define EXT4_HT_MOVE_EXTENTS 9 #define EXT4_HT_XATTR 10 #define EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT 11 #define EXT4_HT_MAX 12 /** * struct ext4_journal_cb_entry - Base structure for callback information. * * This struct is a 'seed' structure for a using with your own callback * structs. If you are using callbacks you must allocate one of these * or another struct of your own definition which has this struct * as it's first element and pass it to ext4_journal_callback_add(). */ struct ext4_journal_cb_entry { /* list information for other callbacks attached to the same handle */ struct list_head jce_list; /* Function to call with this callback structure */ void (*jce_func)(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce, int error); /* user data goes here */ }; /** * ext4_journal_callback_add: add a function to call after transaction commit * @handle: active journal transaction handle to register callback on * @func: callback function to call after the transaction has committed: * @sb: superblock of current filesystem for transaction * @jce: returned journal callback data * @rc: journal state at commit (0 = transaction committed properly) * @jce: journal callback data (internal and function private data struct) * * The registered function will be called in the context of the journal thread * after the transaction for which the handle was created has completed. * * No locks are held when the callback function is called, so it is safe to * call blocking functions from within the callback, but the callback should * not block or run for too long, or the filesystem will be blocked waiting for * the next transaction to commit. No journaling functions can be used, or * there is a risk of deadlock. * * There is no guaranteed calling order of multiple registered callbacks on * the same transaction. */ static inline void _ext4_journal_callback_add(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { /* Add the jce to transaction's private list */ list_add_tail(&jce->jce_list, &handle->h_transaction->t_private_list); } static inline void ext4_journal_callback_add(handle_t *handle, void (*func)(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce, int rc), struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(handle->h_transaction->t_journal->j_private); /* Add the jce to transaction's private list */ jce->jce_func = func; spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); _ext4_journal_callback_add(handle, jce); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } /** * ext4_journal_callback_del: delete a registered callback * @handle: active journal transaction handle on which callback was registered * @jce: registered journal callback entry to unregister * Return true if object was successfully removed */ static inline bool ext4_journal_callback_try_del(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { bool deleted; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(handle->h_transaction->t_journal->j_private); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); deleted = !list_empty(&jce->jce_list); list_del_init(&jce->jce_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); return deleted; } int ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); /* * On success, We end up with an outstanding reference count against * iloc->bh. This _must_ be cleaned up later. */ int ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); #define ext4_mark_inode_dirty(__h, __i) \ __ext4_mark_inode_dirty((__h), (__i), __func__, __LINE__) int __ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line); int ext4_expand_extra_isize(struct inode *inode, unsigned int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); /* * Wrapper functions with which ext4 calls into JBD. */ int __ext4_journal_get_write_access(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_forget(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, int is_metadata, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); int __ext4_journal_get_create_access(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_handle_dirty_super(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb); #define ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh) \ __ext4_journal_get_write_access(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (bh)) #define ext4_forget(handle, is_metadata, inode, bh, block_nr) \ __ext4_forget(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (is_metadata), (inode), \ (bh), (block_nr)) #define ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh) \ __ext4_journal_get_create_access(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (bh)) #define ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh) \ __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (inode), \ (bh)) #define ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb) \ __ext4_handle_dirty_super(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (sb)) handle_t *__ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int line, int type, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_creds); int __ext4_journal_stop(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle); #define EXT4_NOJOURNAL_MAX_REF_COUNT ((unsigned long) 4096) /* Note: Do not use this for NULL handles. This is only to determine if * a properly allocated handle is using a journal or not. */ static inline int ext4_handle_valid(handle_t *handle) { if ((unsigned long)handle < EXT4_NOJOURNAL_MAX_REF_COUNT) return 0; return 1; } static inline void ext4_handle_sync(handle_t *handle) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) handle->h_sync = 1; } static inline int ext4_handle_is_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return is_handle_aborted(handle); return 0; } static inline int ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(struct super_block *sb, int blocks) { /* Freeing each metadata block can result in freeing one cluster */ return blocks * EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_ratio; } static inline int ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(sb, 8); } #define ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, type, nblocks) \ __ext4_journal_start_sb((sb), __LINE__, (type), (nblocks), 0, \ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(sb)) #define ext4_journal_start(inode, type, nblocks) \ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (nblocks), 0, \ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_journal_start_with_reserve(inode, type, blocks, rsv_blocks)\ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (blocks), (rsv_blocks),\ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_journal_start_with_revoke(inode, type, blocks, revoke_creds) \ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (blocks), 0, \ (revoke_creds)) static inline handle_t *__ext4_journal_start(struct inode *inode, unsigned int line, int type, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_creds) { return __ext4_journal_start_sb(inode->i_sb, line, type, blocks, rsv_blocks, revoke_creds); } #define ext4_journal_stop(handle) \ __ext4_journal_stop(__func__, __LINE__, (handle)) #define ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle, type) \ __ext4_journal_start_reserved((handle), __LINE__, (type)) handle_t *__ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int line, int type); static inline handle_t *ext4_journal_current_handle(void) { return journal_current_handle(); } static inline int ext4_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_extend(handle, nblocks, revoke); return 0; } static inline int ext4_journal_restart(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2__journal_restart(handle, nblocks, revoke, GFP_NOFS); return 0; } int __ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int check_cred, int extend_cred, int revoke_cred); /* * Ensure @handle has at least @check_creds credits available. If not, * transaction will be extended or restarted to contain at least @extend_cred * credits. Before restarting transaction @fn is executed to allow for cleanup * before the transaction is restarted. * * The return value is < 0 in case of error, 0 in case the handle has enough * credits or transaction extension succeeded, 1 in case transaction had to be * restarted. */ #define ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, extend_cred, \ revoke_cred, fn) \ ({ \ __label__ __ensure_end; \ int err = __ext4_journal_ensure_credits((handle), (check_cred), \ (extend_cred), (revoke_cred)); \ \ if (err <= 0) \ goto __ensure_end; \ err = (fn); \ if (err < 0) \ goto __ensure_end; \ err = ext4_journal_restart((handle), (extend_cred), (revoke_cred)); \ if (err == 0) \ err = 1; \ __ensure_end: \ err; \ }) /* * Ensure given handle has at least requested amount of credits available, * possibly restarting transaction if needed. We also make sure the transaction * has space for at least ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(sb) revoke records * as freeing one or two blocks is very common pattern and requesting this is * very cheap. */ static inline int ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int credits, int revoke_creds) { return ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits, credits, revoke_creds, 0); } static inline int ext4_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode) { if (EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) != NULL) return jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(inode); return 0; } static inline int ext4_journal_force_commit(journal_t *journal) { if (journal) return jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal); return 0; } static inline int ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle, EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, start_byte, length); return 0; } static inline int ext4_jbd2_inode_add_wait(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle, EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, start_byte, length); return 0; } static inline void ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int datasync) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (ext4_handle_valid(handle) && !is_handle_aborted(handle)) { ei->i_sync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; if (datasync) ei->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; } } /* super.c */ int ext4_force_commit(struct super_block *sb); /* * Ext4 inode journal modes */ #define EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE 0x01 /* journal data mode */ #define EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE 0x02 /* ordered data mode */ #define EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE 0x04 /* writeback data mode */ int ext4_inode_journal_mode(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_should_journal_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_should_order_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_should_writeback_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(struct inode *inode, int blocks) { if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) return 0; if (!ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return 0; /* * Data blocks in one extent are contiguous, just account for partial * clusters at extent boundaries */ return blocks + 2*(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_cluster_ratio - 1); } /* * This function controls whether or not we should try to go down the * dioread_nolock code paths, which makes it safe to avoid taking * i_mutex for direct I/O reads. This only works for extent-based * files, and it doesn't work if data journaling is enabled, since the * dioread_nolock code uses b_private to pass information back to the * I/O completion handler, and this conflicts with the jbd's use of * b_private. */ static inline int ext4_should_dioread_nolock(struct inode *inode) { if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) return 0; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return 0; if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) return 0; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return 0; /* temporary fix to prevent generic/422 test failures */ if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC)) return 0; return 1; } #endif /* _EXT4_JBD2_H */
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H #define _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H /* * include/linux/fsnotify.h - generic hooks for filesystem notification, to * reduce in-source duplication from both dnotify and inotify. * * We don't compile any of this away in some complicated menagerie of ifdefs. * Instead, we rely on the code inside to optimize away as needed. * * (C) Copyright 2005 Robert Love */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * Notify this @dir inode about a change in a child directory entry. * The directory entry may have turned positive or negative or its inode may * have changed (i.e. renamed over). * * Unlike fsnotify_parent(), the event will be reported regardless of the * FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD mask on the parent inode and will not be reported if only * the child is interested and not the parent. */ static inline void fsnotify_name(struct inode *dir, __u32 mask, struct inode *child, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie) { fsnotify(mask, child, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, dir, name, NULL, cookie); } static inline void fsnotify_dirent(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_name(dir, mask, d_inode(dentry), &dentry->d_name, 0); } static inline void fsnotify_inode(struct inode *inode, __u32 mask) { if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) mask |= FS_ISDIR; fsnotify(mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* Notify this dentry's parent about a child's events. */ static inline int fsnotify_parent(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { mask |= FS_ISDIR; /* sb/mount marks are not interested in name of directory */ if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED)) goto notify_child; } /* disconnected dentry cannot notify parent */ if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) goto notify_child; return __fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, data, data_type); notify_child: return fsnotify(mask, data, data_type, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* * Simple wrappers to consolidate calls to fsnotify_parent() when an event * is on a file/dentry. */ static inline void fsnotify_dentry(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, d_inode(dentry), FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE); } static inline int fsnotify_file(struct file *file, __u32 mask) { const struct path *path = &file->f_path; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_NONOTIFY) return 0; return fsnotify_parent(path->dentry, mask, path, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH); } /* Simple call site for access decisions */ static inline int fsnotify_perm(struct file *file, int mask) { int ret; __u32 fsnotify_mask = 0; if (!(mask & (MAY_READ | MAY_OPEN))) return 0; if (mask & MAY_OPEN) { fsnotify_mask = FS_OPEN_PERM; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) { ret = fsnotify_file(file, FS_OPEN_EXEC_PERM); if (ret) return ret; } } else if (mask & MAY_READ) { fsnotify_mask = FS_ACCESS_PERM; } return fsnotify_file(file, fsnotify_mask); } /* * fsnotify_link_count - inode's link count changed */ static inline void fsnotify_link_count(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_move - file old_name at old_dir was moved to new_name at new_dir */ static inline void fsnotify_move(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir, const struct qstr *old_name, int isdir, struct inode *target, struct dentry *moved) { struct inode *source = moved->d_inode; u32 fs_cookie = fsnotify_get_cookie(); __u32 old_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_FROM; __u32 new_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_TO; const struct qstr *new_name = &moved->d_name; if (old_dir == new_dir) old_dir_mask |= FS_DN_RENAME; if (isdir) { old_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; new_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; } fsnotify_name(old_dir, old_dir_mask, source, old_name, fs_cookie); fsnotify_name(new_dir, new_dir_mask, source, new_name, fs_cookie); if (target) fsnotify_link_count(target); fsnotify_inode(source, FS_MOVE_SELF); audit_inode_child(new_dir, moved, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_inode_delete - and inode is being evicted from cache, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode) { __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_vfsmount_delete - a vfsmount is being destroyed, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(mnt); } /* * fsnotify_inoderemove - an inode is going away */ static inline void fsnotify_inoderemove(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_DELETE_SELF); __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_create - 'name' was linked in */ static inline void fsnotify_create(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_link - new hardlink in 'inode' directory * Note: We have to pass also the linked inode ptr as some filesystems leave * new_dentry->d_inode NULL and instantiate inode pointer later */ static inline void fsnotify_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *new_dentry) { fsnotify_link_count(inode); audit_inode_child(dir, new_dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_name(dir, FS_CREATE, inode, &new_dentry->d_name, 0); } /* * fsnotify_unlink - 'name' was unlinked * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { /* Expected to be called before d_delete() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry)); fsnotify_dirent(dir, dentry, FS_DELETE); } /* * fsnotify_mkdir - directory 'name' was created */ static inline void fsnotify_mkdir(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE | FS_ISDIR); } /* * fsnotify_rmdir - directory 'name' was removed * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { /* Expected to be called before d_delete() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry)); fsnotify_dirent(dir, dentry, FS_DELETE | FS_ISDIR); } /* * fsnotify_access - file was read */ static inline void fsnotify_access(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_ACCESS); } /* * fsnotify_modify - file was modified */ static inline void fsnotify_modify(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_MODIFY); } /* * fsnotify_open - file was opened */ static inline void fsnotify_open(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = FS_OPEN; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) mask |= FS_OPEN_EXEC; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_close - file was closed */ static inline void fsnotify_close(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? FS_CLOSE_WRITE : FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_xattr - extended attributes were changed */ static inline void fsnotify_xattr(struct dentry *dentry) { fsnotify_dentry(dentry, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_change - notify_change event. file was modified and/or metadata * was changed. */ static inline void fsnotify_change(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int ia_valid) { __u32 mask = 0; if (ia_valid & ATTR_UID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_GID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) mask |= FS_MODIFY; /* both times implies a utime(s) call */ if ((ia_valid & (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) == (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_ATIME) mask |= FS_ACCESS; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_MTIME) mask |= FS_MODIFY; if (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (mask) fsnotify_dentry(dentry, mask); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Tracing hooks * * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * This file defines hook entry points called by core code where * user tracing/debugging support might need to do something. These * entry points are called tracehook_*(). Each hook declared below * has a detailed kerneldoc comment giving the context (locking et * al) from which it is called, and the meaning of its return value. * * Each function here typically has only one call site, so it is ok * to have some nontrivial tracehook_*() inlines. In all cases, the * fast path when no tracing is enabled should be very short. * * The purpose of this file and the tracehook_* layer is to consolidate * the interface that the kernel core and arch code uses to enable any * user debugging or tracing facility (such as ptrace). The interfaces * here are carefully documented so that maintainers of core and arch * code do not need to think about the implementation details of the * tracing facilities. Likewise, maintainers of the tracing code do not * need to understand all the calling core or arch code in detail, just * documented circumstances of each call, such as locking conditions. * * If the calling core code changes so that locking is different, then * it is ok to change the interface documented here. The maintainer of * core code changing should notify the maintainers of the tracing code * that they need to work out the change. * * Some tracehook_*() inlines take arguments that the current tracing * implementations might not necessarily use. These function signatures * are chosen to pass in all the information that is on hand in the * caller and might conceivably be relevant to a tracer, so that the * core code won't have to be updated when tracing adds more features. * If a call site changes so that some of those parameters are no longer * already on hand without extra work, then the tracehook_* interface * can change so there is no make-work burden on the core code. The * maintainer of core code changing should notify the maintainers of the * tracing code that they need to work out the change. */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H #define _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> struct linux_binprm; /* * ptrace report for syscall entry and exit looks identical. */ static inline int ptrace_report_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long message) { int ptrace = current->ptrace; if (!(ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) return 0; current->ptrace_message = message; ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP | ((ptrace & PT_TRACESYSGOOD) ? 0x80 : 0)); /* * this isn't the same as continuing with a signal, but it will do * for normal use. strace only continues with a signal if the * stopping signal is not SIGTRAP. -brl */ if (current->exit_code) { send_sig(current->exit_code, current, 1); current->exit_code = 0; } current->ptrace_message = 0; return fatal_signal_pending(current); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_entry - task is about to attempt a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_EMU have been set, * when the current task has just entered the kernel for a system call. * Full user register state is available here. Changing the values * in @regs can affect the system call number and arguments to be tried. * It is safe to block here, preventing the system call from beginning. * * Returns zero normally, or nonzero if the calling arch code should abort * the system call. That must prevent normal entry so no system call is * made. If @task ever returns to user mode after this, its register state * is unspecified, but should be something harmless like an %ENOSYS error * return. It should preserve enough information so that syscall_rollback() * can work (see asm-generic/syscall.h). * * Called without locks, just after entering kernel mode. */ static inline __must_check int tracehook_report_syscall_entry( struct pt_regs *regs) { return ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_exit - task has just finished a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * @step: nonzero if simulating single-step or block-step * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE has been set, when the * current task has just finished an attempted system call. Full * user register state is available here. It is safe to block here, * preventing signals from being processed. * * If @step is nonzero, this report is also in lieu of the normal * trap that would follow the system call instruction because * user_enable_block_step() or user_enable_single_step() was used. * In this case, %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE might not be set. * * Called without locks, just before checking for pending signals. */ static inline void tracehook_report_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, int step) { if (step) user_single_step_report(regs); else ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT); } /** * tracehook_signal_handler - signal handler setup is complete * @stepping: nonzero if debugger single-step or block-step in use * * Called by the arch code after a signal handler has been set up. * Register and stack state reflects the user handler about to run. * Signal mask changes have already been made. * * Called without locks, shortly before returning to user mode * (or handling more signals). */ static inline void tracehook_signal_handler(int stepping) { if (stepping) ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP); } /** * set_notify_resume - cause tracehook_notify_resume() to be called * @task: task that will call tracehook_notify_resume() * * Calling this arranges that @task will call tracehook_notify_resume() * before returning to user mode. If it's already running in user mode, * it will enter the kernel and call tracehook_notify_resume() soon. * If it's blocked, it will not be woken. */ static inline void set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME if (!test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)) kick_process(task); #endif } /** * tracehook_notify_resume - report when about to return to user mode * @regs: user-mode registers of @current task * * This is called when %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME has been set. Now we are * about to return to user mode, and the user state in @regs can be * inspected or adjusted. The caller in arch code has cleared * %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME before the call. If the flag gets set again * asynchronously, this will be called again before we return to * user mode. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void tracehook_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); /* * This barrier pairs with task_work_add()->set_notify_resume() after * hlist_add_head(task->task_works); */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); if (unlikely(current->task_works)) task_work_run(); #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS_REQUEST_CACHE if (unlikely(current->cached_requested_key)) { key_put(current->cached_requested_key); current->cached_requested_key = NULL; } #endif mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(); blkcg_maybe_throttle_current(); } #endif /* <linux/tracehook.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #define _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/sched.h> struct mnt_namespace; struct uts_namespace; struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; struct cgroup_namespace; struct fs_struct; /* * A structure to contain pointers to all per-process * namespaces - fs (mount), uts, network, sysvipc, etc. * * The pid namespace is an exception -- it's accessed using * task_active_pid_ns. The pid namespace here is the * namespace that children will use. * * 'count' is the number of tasks holding a reference. * The count for each namespace, then, will be the number * of nsproxies pointing to it, not the number of tasks. * * The nsproxy is shared by tasks which share all namespaces. * As soon as a single namespace is cloned or unshared, the * nsproxy is copied. */ struct nsproxy { atomic_t count; struct uts_namespace *uts_ns; struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; struct pid_namespace *pid_ns_for_children; struct net *net_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns_for_children; struct cgroup_namespace *cgroup_ns; }; extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy; /* * A structure to encompass all bits needed to install * a partial or complete new set of namespaces. * * If a new user namespace is requested cred will * point to a modifiable set of credentials. If a pointer * to a modifiable set is needed nsset_cred() must be * used and tested. */ struct nsset { unsigned flags; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs; const struct cred *cred; }; static inline struct cred *nsset_cred(struct nsset *set) { if (set->flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return (struct cred *)set->cred; return NULL; } /* * the namespaces access rules are: * * 1. only current task is allowed to change tsk->nsproxy pointer or * any pointer on the nsproxy itself. Current must hold the task_lock * when changing tsk->nsproxy. * * 2. when accessing (i.e. reading) current task's namespaces - no * precautions should be taken - just dereference the pointers * * 3. the access to other task namespaces is performed like this * task_lock(task); * nsproxy = task->nsproxy; * if (nsproxy != NULL) { * / * * * work with the namespaces here * * e.g. get the reference on one of them * * / * } / * * * NULL task->nsproxy means that this task is * * almost dead (zombie) * * / * task_unlock(task); * */ int copy_namespaces(unsigned long flags, struct task_struct *tsk); void exit_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk); void switch_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk, struct nsproxy *new); void free_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns); int unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unsigned long, struct nsproxy **, struct cred *, struct fs_struct *); int __init nsproxy_cache_init(void); static inline void put_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) { free_nsproxy(ns); } } static inline void get_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MSR_H #define _ASM_X86_MSR_H #include "msr-index.h" #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> #include <uapi/asm/msr.h> struct msr { union { struct { u32 l; u32 h; }; u64 q; }; }; struct msr_info { u32 msr_no; struct msr reg; struct msr *msrs; int err; }; struct msr_regs_info { u32 *regs; int err; }; struct saved_msr { bool valid; struct msr_info info; }; struct saved_msrs { unsigned int num; struct saved_msr *array; }; /* * both i386 and x86_64 returns 64-bit value in edx:eax, but gcc's "A" * constraint has different meanings. For i386, "A" means exactly * edx:eax, while for x86_64 it doesn't mean rdx:rax or edx:eax. Instead, * it means rax *or* rdx. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Using 64-bit values saves one instruction clearing the high half of low */ #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long low, high #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) ((low) | (high) << 32) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=a" (low), "=d" (high) #else #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long long val #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) (val) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=A" (val) #endif /* * Be very careful with includes. This header is prone to include loops. */ #include <asm/atomic.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(read_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(write_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(rdpmc); extern void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); #else static inline void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} #endif /* * __rdmsr() and __wrmsr() are the two primitives which are the bare minimum MSR * accessors and should not have any tracing or other functionality piggybacking * on them - those are *purely* for accessing MSRs and nothing more. So don't even * think of extending them - you will be slapped with a stinking trout or a frozen * shark will reach you, wherever you are! You've been warned. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long __rdmsr(unsigned int msr) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("1: rdmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static __always_inline void __wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { asm volatile("1: wrmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe) : : "c" (msr), "a"(low), "d" (high) : "memory"); } #define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 __val = __rdmsr((msr)); \ (void)((val1) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((val2) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) #define native_wrmsr(msr, low, high) \ __wrmsr(msr, low, high) #define native_wrmsrl(msr, val) \ __wrmsr((msr), (u32)((u64)(val)), \ (u32)((u64)(val) >> 32)) static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr(unsigned int msr) { unsigned long long val; val = __rdmsr(msr); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, val, 0); return val; } static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, int *err) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("2: rdmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err]\n\t" "xorl %%eax, %%eax\n\t" "xorl %%edx, %%edx\n\t" "jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=r" (*err), EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr), [fault] "i" (-EIO)); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), *err); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline void notrace native_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { __wrmsr(msr, low, high); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), 0); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline int notrace native_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { int err; asm volatile("2: wrmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err] ; jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=a" (err) : "c" (msr), "0" (low), "d" (high), [fault] "i" (-EIO) : "memory"); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), err); return err; } extern int rdmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); extern int wrmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); /** * rdtsc() - returns the current TSC without ordering constraints * * rdtsc() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. The * only ordering constraint it supplies is the ordering implied by * "asm volatile": it will put the RDTSC in the place you expect. The * CPU can and will speculatively execute that RDTSC, though, so the * results can be non-monotonic if compared on different CPUs. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdtsc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /** * rdtsc_ordered() - read the current TSC in program order * * rdtsc_ordered() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. * It is ordered like a load to a global in-memory counter. It should * be impossible to observe non-monotonic rdtsc_unordered() behavior * across multiple CPUs as long as the TSC is synced. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc_ordered(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); /* * The RDTSC instruction is not ordered relative to memory * access. The Intel SDM and the AMD APM are both vague on this * point, but empirically an RDTSC instruction can be * speculatively executed before prior loads. An RDTSC * immediately after an appropriate barrier appears to be * ordered as a normal load, that is, it provides the same * ordering guarantees as reading from a global memory location * that some other imaginary CPU is updating continuously with a * time stamp. * * Thus, use the preferred barrier on the respective CPU, aiming for * RDTSCP as the default. */ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2("rdtsc", "lfence; rdtsc", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC, "rdtscp", X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) /* RDTSCP clobbers ECX with MSR_TSC_AUX. */ :: "ecx"); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static inline unsigned long long native_read_pmc(int counter) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdpmc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (counter)); if (tracepoint_enabled(rdpmc)) do_trace_rdpmc(counter, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), 0); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #include <linux/errno.h> /* * Access to machine-specific registers (available on 586 and better only) * Note: the rd* operations modify the parameters directly (without using * pointer indirection), this allows gcc to optimize better */ #define rdmsr(msr, low, high) \ do { \ u64 __val = native_read_msr((msr)); \ (void)((low) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((high) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { native_write_msr(msr, low, high); } #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ ((val) = native_read_msr((msr))) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned int msr, u64 val) { native_write_msr(msr, (u32)(val & 0xffffffffULL), (u32)(val >> 32)); } /* wrmsr with exception handling */ static inline int wrmsr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { return native_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high); } /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, low, high) \ ({ \ int __err; \ u64 __val = native_read_msr_safe((msr), &__err); \ (*low) = (u32)__val; \ (*high) = (u32)(__val >> 32); \ __err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = native_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = native_read_pmc((counter)); \ (low) = (u32)_l; \ (high) = (u32)(_l >> 32); \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = native_read_pmc(counter)) #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * 64-bit version of wrmsr_safe(): */ static inline int wrmsrl_safe(u32 msr, u64 val) { return wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val >> 32)); } #define write_tsc(low, high) wrmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC, (low), (high)) #define write_rdtscp_aux(val) wrmsr(MSR_TSC_AUX, (val), 0) struct msr *msrs_alloc(void); void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs); int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { rdmsr(msr_no, *l, *h); return 0; } static inline int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { wrmsr(msr_no, l, h); return 0; } static inline int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { rdmsrl(msr_no, *q); return 0; } static inline int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { wrmsrl(msr_no, q); return 0; } static inline void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { rdmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, &(msrs[0].l), &(msrs[0].h)); } static inline void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { wrmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, msrs[0].l, msrs[0].h); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { return rdmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { return wrmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { return rdmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { return wrmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return rdmsr_safe_regs(regs); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return wrmsr_safe_regs(regs); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_MSR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _linux_POSIX_TIMERS_H #define _linux_POSIX_TIMERS_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/alarmtimer.h> #include <linux/timerqueue.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> struct kernel_siginfo; struct task_struct; /* * Bit fields within a clockid: * * The most significant 29 bits hold either a pid or a file descriptor. * * Bit 2 indicates whether a cpu clock refers to a thread or a process. * * Bits 1 and 0 give the type: PROF=0, VIRT=1, SCHED=2, or FD=3. * * A clockid is invalid if bits 2, 1, and 0 are all set. */ #define CPUCLOCK_PID(clock) ((pid_t) ~((clock) >> 3)) #define CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD(clock) \ (((clock) & (clockid_t) CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK) != 0) #define CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK 4 #define CPUCLOCK_WHICH(clock) ((clock) & (clockid_t) CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK) #define CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK 3 #define CPUCLOCK_PROF 0 #define CPUCLOCK_VIRT 1 #define CPUCLOCK_SCHED 2 #define CPUCLOCK_MAX 3 #define CLOCKFD CPUCLOCK_MAX #define CLOCKFD_MASK (CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK|CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK) static inline clockid_t make_process_cpuclock(const unsigned int pid, const clockid_t clock) { return ((~pid) << 3) | clock; } static inline clockid_t make_thread_cpuclock(const unsigned int tid, const clockid_t clock) { return make_process_cpuclock(tid, clock | CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK); } static inline clockid_t fd_to_clockid(const int fd) { return make_process_cpuclock((unsigned int) fd, CLOCKFD); } static inline int clockid_to_fd(const clockid_t clk) { return ~(clk >> 3); } #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS /** * cpu_timer - Posix CPU timer representation for k_itimer * @node: timerqueue node to queue in the task/sig * @head: timerqueue head on which this timer is queued * @task: Pointer to target task * @elist: List head for the expiry list * @firing: Timer is currently firing */ struct cpu_timer { struct timerqueue_node node; struct timerqueue_head *head; struct pid *pid; struct list_head elist; int firing; }; static inline bool cpu_timer_enqueue(struct timerqueue_head *head, struct cpu_timer *ctmr) { ctmr->head = head; return timerqueue_add(head, &ctmr->node); } static inline void cpu_timer_dequeue(struct cpu_timer *ctmr) { if (ctmr->head) { timerqueue_del(ctmr->head, &ctmr->node); ctmr->head = NULL; } } static inline u64 cpu_timer_getexpires(struct cpu_timer *ctmr) { return ctmr->node.expires; } static inline void cpu_timer_setexpires(struct cpu_timer *ctmr, u64 exp) { ctmr->node.expires = exp; } /** * posix_cputimer_base - Container per posix CPU clock * @nextevt: Earliest-expiration cache * @tqhead: timerqueue head for cpu_timers */ struct posix_cputimer_base { u64 nextevt; struct timerqueue_head tqhead; }; /** * posix_cputimers - Container for posix CPU timer related data * @bases: Base container for posix CPU clocks * @timers_active: Timers are queued. * @expiry_active: Timer expiry is active. Used for * process wide timers to avoid multiple * task trying to handle expiry concurrently * * Used in task_struct and signal_struct */ struct posix_cputimers { struct posix_cputimer_base bases[CPUCLOCK_MAX]; unsigned int timers_active; unsigned int expiry_active; }; /** * posix_cputimers_work - Container for task work based posix CPU timer expiry * @work: The task work to be scheduled * @scheduled: @work has been scheduled already, no further processing */ struct posix_cputimers_work { struct callback_head work; unsigned int scheduled; }; static inline void posix_cputimers_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct) { memset(pct, 0, sizeof(*pct)); pct->bases[0].nextevt = U64_MAX; pct->bases[1].nextevt = U64_MAX; pct->bases[2].nextevt = U64_MAX; } void posix_cputimers_group_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct, u64 cpu_limit); static inline void posix_cputimers_rt_watchdog(struct posix_cputimers *pct, u64 runtime) { pct->bases[CPUCLOCK_SCHED].nextevt = runtime; } /* Init task static initializer */ #define INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b) { \ .nextevt = U64_MAX, \ } #define INIT_CPU_TIMERBASES(b) { \ INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b[0]), \ INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b[1]), \ INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b[2]), \ } #define INIT_CPU_TIMERS(s) \ .posix_cputimers = { \ .bases = INIT_CPU_TIMERBASES(s.posix_cputimers.bases), \ }, #else struct posix_cputimers { }; struct cpu_timer { }; #define INIT_CPU_TIMERS(s) static inline void posix_cputimers_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct) { } static inline void posix_cputimers_group_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct, u64 cpu_limit) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_CPU_TIMERS_TASK_WORK void posix_cputimers_init_work(void); #else static inline void posix_cputimers_init_work(void) { } #endif #define REQUEUE_PENDING 1 /** * struct k_itimer - POSIX.1b interval timer structure. * @list: List head for binding the timer to signals->posix_timers * @t_hash: Entry in the posix timer hash table * @it_lock: Lock protecting the timer * @kclock: Pointer to the k_clock struct handling this timer * @it_clock: The posix timer clock id * @it_id: The posix timer id for identifying the timer * @it_active: Marker that timer is active * @it_overrun: The overrun counter for pending signals * @it_overrun_last: The overrun at the time of the last delivered signal * @it_requeue_pending: Indicator that timer waits for being requeued on * signal delivery * @it_sigev_notify: The notify word of sigevent struct for signal delivery * @it_interval: The interval for periodic timers * @it_signal: Pointer to the creators signal struct * @it_pid: The pid of the process/task targeted by the signal * @it_process: The task to wakeup on clock_nanosleep (CPU timers) * @sigq: Pointer to preallocated sigqueue * @it: Union representing the various posix timer type * internals. * @rcu: RCU head for freeing the timer. */ struct k_itimer { struct list_head list; struct hlist_node t_hash; spinlock_t it_lock; const struct k_clock *kclock; clockid_t it_clock; timer_t it_id; int it_active; s64