1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security context is a set of security attributes * associated with each subject and object controlled * by the security policy. Security contexts are * externally represented as variable-length strings * that can be interpreted by a user or application * with an understanding of the security policy. * Internally, the security server uses a simple * structure. This structure is private to the * security server and can be changed without affecting * clients of the security server. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_CONTEXT_H_ #define _SS_CONTEXT_H_ #include "ebitmap.h" #include "mls_types.h" #include "security.h" /* * A security context consists of an authenticated user * identity, a role, a type and a MLS range. */ struct context { u32 user; u32 role; u32 type; u32 len; /* length of string in bytes */ struct mls_range range; char *str; /* string representation if context cannot be mapped. */ }; static inline void mls_context_init(struct context *c) { memset(&c->range, 0, sizeof(c->range)); } static inline int mls_context_cpy(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } /* * Sets both levels in the MLS range of 'dst' to the low level of 'src'. */ static inline int mls_context_cpy_low(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } /* * Sets both levels in the MLS range of 'dst' to the high level of 'src'. */ static inline int mls_context_cpy_high(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } static inline int mls_context_glblub(struct context *dst, struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { struct mls_range *dr = &dst->range, *r1 = &c1->range, *r2 = &c2->range; int rc = 0; if (r1->level[1].sens < r2->level[0].sens || r2->level[1].sens < r1->level[0].sens) /* These ranges have no common sensitivities */ return -EINVAL; /* Take the greatest of the low */ dr->level[0].sens = max(r1->level[0].sens, r2->level[0].sens); /* Take the least of the high */ dr->level[1].sens = min(r1->level[1].sens, r2->level[1].sens); rc = ebitmap_and(&dr->level[0].cat, &r1->level[0].cat, &r2->level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; rc = ebitmap_and(&dr->level[1].cat, &r1->level[1].cat, &r2->level[1].cat); if (rc) goto out; out: return rc; } static inline int mls_context_cmp(struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { return ((c1->range.level[0].sens == c2->range.level[0].sens) && ebitmap_cmp(&c1->range.level[0].cat, &c2->range.level[0].cat) && (c1->range.level[1].sens == c2->range.level[1].sens) && ebitmap_cmp(&c1->range.level[1].cat, &c2->range.level[1].cat)); } static inline void mls_context_destroy(struct context *c) { ebitmap_destroy(&c->range.level[0].cat); ebitmap_destroy(&c->range.level[1].cat); mls_context_init(c); } static inline void context_init(struct context *c) { memset(c, 0, sizeof(*c)); } static inline int context_cpy(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->user = src->user; dst->role = src->role; dst->type = src->type; if (src->str) { dst->str = kstrdup(src->str, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!dst->str) return -ENOMEM; dst->len = src->len; } else { dst->str = NULL; dst->len = 0; } rc = mls_context_cpy(dst, src); if (rc) { kfree(dst->str); return rc; } return 0; } static inline void context_destroy(struct context *c) { c->user = c->role = c->type = 0; kfree(c->str); c->str = NULL; c->len = 0; mls_context_destroy(c); } static inline int context_cmp(struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { if (c1->len && c2->len) return (c1->len == c2->len && !strcmp(c1->str, c2->str)); if (c1->len || c2->len) return 0; return ((c1->user == c2->user) && (c1->role == c2->role) && (c1->type == c2->type) && mls_context_cmp(c1, c2)); } u32 context_compute_hash(const struct context *c); #endif /* _SS_CONTEXT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * ioport.h Definitions of routines for detecting, reserving and * allocating system resources. * * Authors: Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_IOPORT_H #define _LINUX_IOPORT_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bits.h> /* * Resources are tree-like, allowing * nesting etc.. */ struct resource { resource_size_t start; resource_size_t end; const char *name; unsigned long flags; unsigned long desc; struct resource *parent, *sibling, *child; }; /* * IO resources have these defined flags. * * PCI devices expose these flags to userspace in the "resource" sysfs file, * so don't move them. */ #define IORESOURCE_BITS 0x000000ff /* Bus-specific bits */ #define IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS 0x00001f00 /* Resource type */ #define IORESOURCE_IO 0x00000100 /* PCI/ISA I/O ports */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM 0x00000200 #define IORESOURCE_REG 0x00000300 /* Register offsets */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ 0x00000400 #define IORESOURCE_DMA 0x00000800 #define IORESOURCE_BUS 0x00001000 #define IORESOURCE_PREFETCH 0x00002000 /* No side effects */ #define IORESOURCE_READONLY 0x00004000 #define IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE 0x00008000 #define IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH 0x00010000 #define IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE 0x00020000 #define IORESOURCE_SIZEALIGN 0x00040000 /* size indicates alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN 0x00080000 /* start field is alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_64 0x00100000 #define IORESOURCE_WINDOW 0x00200000 /* forwarded by bridge */ #define IORESOURCE_MUXED 0x00400000 /* Resource is software muxed */ #define IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS 0x01000000 /* Resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM 0x01000000 /* System RAM (modifier) */ /* IORESOURCE_SYSRAM specific bits. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_DRIVER_MANAGED 0x02000000 /* Always detected via a driver. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_MERGEABLE 0x04000000 /* Resource can be merged. */ #define IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE 0x08000000 /* Userland may not map this resource */ #define IORESOURCE_DISABLED 0x10000000 #define IORESOURCE_UNSET 0x20000000 /* No address assigned yet */ #define IORESOURCE_AUTO 0x40000000 #define IORESOURCE_BUSY 0x80000000 /* Driver has marked this resource busy */ /* I/O resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM (IORESOURCE_MEM|IORESOURCE_SYSRAM) /* PnP IRQ specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHEDGE (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWEDGE (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHLEVEL (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWLEVEL (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_SHAREABLE (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_OPTIONAL (1<<5) /* PnP DMA specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPE_MASK (3<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8BIT (0<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8AND16BIT (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_16BIT (2<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_MASTER (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_BYTE (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_WORD (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_SPEED_MASK (3<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_COMPATIBLE (0<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEA (1<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEB (2<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEF (3<<6) /* PnP memory I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_WRITEABLE (1<<0) /* dup: IORESOURCE_READONLY */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_CACHEABLE (1<<1) /* dup: IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_RANGELENGTH (1<<2) /* dup: IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_TYPE_MASK (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8BIT (0<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_16BIT (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8AND16BIT (2<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_32BIT (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_SHADOWABLE (1<<5) /* dup: IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_EXPANSIONROM (1<<6) /* PnP I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IO_16BIT_ADDR (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IO_FIXED (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IO_SPARSE (1<<2) /* PCI ROM control bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_ENABLE (1<<0) /* ROM is enabled, same as PCI_ROM_ADDRESS_ENABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW (1<<1) /* Use RAM image, not ROM BAR */ /* PCI control bits. Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM. */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED (1<<4) /* Do not move resource */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_EA_BEI (1<<5) /* BAR Equivalent Indicator */ /* * I/O Resource Descriptors * * Descriptors are used by walk_iomem_res_desc() and region_intersects() * for searching a specific resource range in the iomem table. Assign * a new descriptor when a resource range supports the search interfaces. * Otherwise, resource.desc must be set to IORES_DESC_NONE (0). */ enum { IORES_DESC_NONE = 0, IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL = 1, IORES_DESC_ACPI_TABLES = 2, IORES_DESC_ACPI_NV_STORAGE = 3, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY = 4, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY_LEGACY = 5, IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PRIVATE_MEMORY = 6, IORES_DESC_RESERVED = 7, IORES_DESC_SOFT_RESERVED = 8, }; /* * Flags controlling ioremap() behavior. */ enum { IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM = BIT(0), IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED = BIT(1), }; /* helpers to define resources */ #define DEFINE_RES_NAMED(_start, _size, _name, _flags) \ { \ .start = (_start), \ .end = (_start) + (_size) - 1, \ .name = (_name), \ .flags = (_flags), \ .desc = IORES_DESC_NONE, \ } #define DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_IO) #define DEFINE_RES_IO(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_MEM) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED(_irq, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_irq), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_IRQ) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ(_irq) \ DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED((_irq), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED(_dma, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_dma), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_DMA) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA(_dma) \ DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED((_dma), NULL) /* PC/ISA/whatever - the normal PC address spaces: IO and memory */ extern struct resource ioport_resource; extern struct resource iomem_resource; extern struct resource *request_resource_conflict(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int request_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int release_resource(struct resource *new); void release_child_resources(struct resource *new); extern void reserve_region_with_split(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t end, const char *name); extern struct resource *insert_resource_conflict(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern int insert_resource(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern void insert_resource_expand_to_fit(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int remove_resource(struct resource *old); extern void arch_remove_reservations(struct resource *avail); extern int allocate_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new, resource_size_t size, resource_size_t min, resource_size_t max, resource_size_t align, resource_size_t (*alignf)(void *, const struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t), void *alignf_data); struct resource *lookup_resource(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start); int adjust_resource(struct resource *res, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t size); resource_size_t resource_alignment(struct resource *res); static inline resource_size_t resource_size(const struct resource *res) { return res->end - res->start + 1; } static inline unsigned long resource_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS; } static inline unsigned long resource_ext_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS; } /* True iff r1 completely contains r2 */ static inline bool resource_contains(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { if (resource_type(r1) != resource_type(r2)) return false; if (r1->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET || r2->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET) return false; return r1->start <= r2->start && r1->end >= r2->end; } /* Convenience shorthand with allocation */ #define request_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_muxed_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_MUXED) #define __request_mem_region(start,n,name, excl) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), excl) #define request_mem_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_mem_region_exclusive(start,n,name) \ __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE) #define rename_region(region, newname) do { (region)->name = (newname); } while (0) extern struct resource * __request_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name, int flags); /* Compatibility cruft */ #define release_region(start,n) __release_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define release_mem_region(start,n) __release_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __release_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE extern void release_mem_region_adjustable(resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG extern void merge_system_ram_resource(struct resource *res); #endif /* Wrappers for managed devices */ struct device; extern int devm_request_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern void devm_release_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *new); #define devm_request_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name)) #define devm_request_mem_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name)) extern struct resource * __devm_request_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name); #define devm_release_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define devm_release_mem_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __devm_release_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n); extern int iomem_map_sanity_check(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size); extern bool iomem_is_exclusive(u64 addr); extern int walk_system_ram_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg, int (*func)(unsigned long, unsigned long, void *)); extern int walk_mem_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_system_ram_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_iomem_res_desc(unsigned long desc, unsigned long flags, u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); /* True if any part of r1 overlaps r2 */ static inline bool resource_overlaps(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { return (r1->start <= r2->end && r1->end >= r2->start); } struct resource *devm_request_free_mem_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *base, unsigned long size); struct resource *request_free_mem_region(struct resource *base, unsigned long size, const char *name); #ifdef CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res); #else static inline void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res) { }; #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_IOPORT_H */
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To allow for that, + the prototypes for the compat_sys_*() functions below will *not* be included * if CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER is enabled. */ #include <asm/syscall_wrapper.h> #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER */ #ifndef COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME #define COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME 0 #endif #ifndef __SC_DELOUSE #define __SC_DELOUSE(t,v) ((__force t)(unsigned long)(v)) #endif #ifndef COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0 #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0(name) \ asmlinkage long compat_sys_##name(void); \ ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(compat_sys_##name, ERRNO); \ asmlinkage long compat_sys_##name(void) #endif /* COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0 */ #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE1(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(1, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(2, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(3, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(4, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(5, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(6, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) /* * The asmlinkage stub is aliased to a function named __se_compat_sys_*() which * sign-extends 32-bit ints to longs whenever needed. The actual work is * done within __do_compat_sys_*(). */ #ifndef COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(x, name, ...) \ __diag_push(); \ __diag_ignore(GCC, 8, "-Wattribute-alias", \ "Type aliasing is used to sanitize syscall arguments");\ asmlinkage long compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__)); \ asmlinkage long compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__)) \ __attribute__((alias(__stringify(__se_compat_sys##name)))); \ ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(compat_sys##name, ERRNO); \ static inline long __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__));\ asmlinkage long __se_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__)); \ asmlinkage long __se_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__)) \ { \ long ret = __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DELOUSE,__VA_ARGS__));\ __MAP(x,__SC_TEST,__VA_ARGS__); \ return ret; \ } \ __diag_pop(); \ static inline long __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__)) #endif /* COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx */ struct compat_iovec { compat_uptr_t iov_base; compat_size_t iov_len; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #ifndef compat_user_stack_pointer #define compat_user_stack_pointer() current_user_stack_pointer() #endif #ifndef compat_sigaltstack /* we'll need that for MIPS */ typedef struct compat_sigaltstack { compat_uptr_t ss_sp; int ss_flags; compat_size_t ss_size; } compat_stack_t; #endif #ifndef COMPAT_MINSIGSTKSZ #define COMPAT_MINSIGSTKSZ MINSIGSTKSZ #endif #define compat_jiffies_to_clock_t(x) \ (((unsigned long)(x) * COMPAT_USER_HZ) / HZ) typedef __compat_uid32_t compat_uid_t; typedef __compat_gid32_t compat_gid_t; struct compat_sel_arg_struct; struct rusage; struct old_itimerval32; struct compat_tms { compat_clock_t tms_utime; compat_clock_t tms_stime; compat_clock_t tms_cutime; compat_clock_t tms_cstime; }; #define _COMPAT_NSIG_WORDS (_COMPAT_NSIG / _COMPAT_NSIG_BPW) typedef struct { compat_sigset_word sig[_COMPAT_NSIG_WORDS]; } compat_sigset_t; int set_compat_user_sigmask(const compat_sigset_t __user *umask, size_t sigsetsize); struct compat_sigaction { #ifndef __ARCH_HAS_IRIX_SIGACTION compat_uptr_t sa_handler; compat_ulong_t sa_flags; #else compat_uint_t sa_flags; compat_uptr_t sa_handler; #endif #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_SA_RESTORER compat_uptr_t sa_restorer; #endif compat_sigset_t sa_mask __packed; }; typedef union compat_sigval { compat_int_t sival_int; compat_uptr_t sival_ptr; } compat_sigval_t; typedef struct compat_siginfo { int si_signo; #ifndef __ARCH_HAS_SWAPPED_SIGINFO int si_errno; int si_code; #else int si_code; int si_errno; #endif union { int _pad[128/sizeof(int) - 3]; /* kill() */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* sender's pid */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ } _kill; /* POSIX.1b timers */ struct { compat_timer_t _tid; /* timer id */ int _overrun; /* overrun count */ compat_sigval_t _sigval; /* same as below */ } _timer; /* POSIX.1b signals */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* sender's pid */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ compat_sigval_t _sigval; } _rt; /* SIGCHLD */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* which child */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ int _status; /* exit code */ compat_clock_t _utime; compat_clock_t _stime; } _sigchld; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI /* SIGCHLD (x32 version) */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* which child */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ int _status; /* exit code */ compat_s64 _utime; compat_s64 _stime; } _sigchld_x32; #endif /* SIGILL, SIGFPE, SIGSEGV, SIGBUS, SIGTRAP, SIGEMT */ struct { compat_uptr_t _addr; /* faulting insn/memory ref. */ #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO int _trapno; /* TRAP # which caused the signal */ #endif #define __COMPAT_ADDR_BND_PKEY_PAD (__alignof__(compat_uptr_t) < sizeof(short) ? \ sizeof(short) : __alignof__(compat_uptr_t)) union { /* * used when si_code=BUS_MCEERR_AR or * used when si_code=BUS_MCEERR_AO */ short int _addr_lsb; /* Valid LSB of the reported address. */ /* used when si_code=SEGV_BNDERR */ struct { char _dummy_bnd[__COMPAT_ADDR_BND_PKEY_PAD]; compat_uptr_t _lower; compat_uptr_t _upper; } _addr_bnd; /* used when si_code=SEGV_PKUERR */ struct { char _dummy_pkey[__COMPAT_ADDR_BND_PKEY_PAD]; u32 _pkey; } _addr_pkey; }; } _sigfault; /* SIGPOLL */ struct { compat_long_t _band; /* POLL_IN, POLL_OUT, POLL_MSG */ int _fd; } _sigpoll; struct { compat_uptr_t _call_addr; /* calling user insn */ int _syscall; /* triggering system call number */ unsigned int _arch; /* AUDIT_ARCH_* of syscall */ } _sigsys; } _sifields; } compat_siginfo_t; struct compat_rlimit { compat_ulong_t rlim_cur; compat_ulong_t rlim_max; }; struct compat_rusage { struct old_timeval32 ru_utime; struct old_timeval32 ru_stime; compat_long_t ru_maxrss; compat_long_t ru_ixrss; compat_long_t ru_idrss; compat_long_t ru_isrss; compat_long_t ru_minflt; compat_long_t ru_majflt; compat_long_t ru_nswap; compat_long_t ru_inblock; compat_long_t ru_oublock; compat_long_t ru_msgsnd; compat_long_t ru_msgrcv; compat_long_t ru_nsignals; compat_long_t ru_nvcsw; compat_long_t ru_nivcsw; }; extern int put_compat_rusage(const struct rusage *, struct compat_rusage __user *); struct compat_siginfo; struct __compat_aio_sigset; struct compat_dirent { u32 d_ino; compat_off_t d_off; u16 d_reclen; char d_name[256]; }; struct compat_ustat { compat_daddr_t f_tfree; compat_ino_t f_tinode; char f_fname[6]; char f_fpack[6]; }; #define COMPAT_SIGEV_PAD_SIZE ((SIGEV_MAX_SIZE/sizeof(int)) - 3) typedef struct compat_sigevent { compat_sigval_t sigev_value; compat_int_t sigev_signo; compat_int_t sigev_notify; union { compat_int_t _pad[COMPAT_SIGEV_PAD_SIZE]; compat_int_t _tid; struct { compat_uptr_t _function; compat_uptr_t _attribute; } _sigev_thread; } _sigev_un; } compat_sigevent_t; struct compat_ifmap { compat_ulong_t mem_start; compat_ulong_t mem_end; unsigned short base_addr; unsigned char irq; unsigned char dma; unsigned char port; }; struct compat_if_settings { unsigned int type; /* Type of physical device or protocol */ unsigned int size; /* Size of the data allocated by the caller */ compat_uptr_t ifs_ifsu; /* union of pointers */ }; struct compat_ifreq { union { char ifrn_name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* if name, e.g. "en0" */ } ifr_ifrn; union { struct sockaddr ifru_addr; struct sockaddr ifru_dstaddr; struct sockaddr ifru_broadaddr; struct sockaddr ifru_netmask; struct sockaddr ifru_hwaddr; short ifru_flags; compat_int_t ifru_ivalue; compat_int_t ifru_mtu; struct compat_ifmap ifru_map; char ifru_slave[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Just fits the size */ char ifru_newname[IFNAMSIZ]; compat_caddr_t ifru_data; struct compat_if_settings ifru_settings; } ifr_ifru; }; struct compat_ifconf { compat_int_t ifc_len; /* size of buffer */ compat_caddr_t ifcbuf; }; struct compat_robust_list { compat_uptr_t next; }; struct compat_robust_list_head { struct compat_robust_list list; compat_long_t futex_offset; compat_uptr_t list_op_pending; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_OLD_SIGACTION struct compat_old_sigaction { compat_uptr_t sa_handler; compat_old_sigset_t sa_mask; compat_ulong_t sa_flags; compat_uptr_t sa_restorer; }; #endif struct compat_keyctl_kdf_params { compat_uptr_t hashname; compat_uptr_t otherinfo; __u32 otherinfolen; __u32 __spare[8]; }; struct compat_statfs; struct compat_statfs64; struct compat_old_linux_dirent; struct compat_linux_dirent; struct linux_dirent64; struct compat_msghdr; struct compat_mmsghdr; struct compat_sysinfo; struct compat_sysctl_args; struct compat_kexec_segment; struct compat_mq_attr; struct compat_msgbuf; #define BITS_PER_COMPAT_LONG (8*sizeof(compat_long_t)) #define BITS_TO_COMPAT_LONGS(bits) DIV_ROUND_UP(bits, BITS_PER_COMPAT_LONG) long compat_get_bitmap(unsigned long *mask, const compat_ulong_t __user *umask, unsigned long bitmap_size); long compat_put_bitmap(compat_ulong_t __user *umask, unsigned long *mask, unsigned long bitmap_size); void copy_siginfo_to_external32(struct compat_siginfo *to, const struct kernel_siginfo *from); int copy_siginfo_from_user32(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const struct compat_siginfo __user *from); int __copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); #ifndef copy_siginfo_to_user32 #define copy_siginfo_to_user32 __copy_siginfo_to_user32 #endif int get_compat_sigevent(struct sigevent *event, const struct compat_sigevent __user *u_event); extern int get_compat_sigset(sigset_t *set, const compat_sigset_t __user *compat); /* * Defined inline such that size can be compile time constant, which avoids * CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY complaining about copies from task_struct */ static inline int put_compat_sigset(compat_sigset_t __user *compat, const sigset_t *set, unsigned int size) { /* size <= sizeof(compat_sigset_t) <= sizeof(sigset_t) */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN compat_sigset_t v; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: v.sig[7] = (set->sig[3] >> 32); v.sig[6] = set->sig[3]; fallthrough; case 3: v.sig[5] = (set->sig[2] >> 32); v.sig[4] = set->sig[2]; fallthrough; case 2: v.sig[3] = (set->sig[1] >> 32); v.sig[2] = set->sig[1]; fallthrough; case 1: v.sig[1] = (set->sig[0] >> 32); v.sig[0] = set->sig[0]; } return copy_to_user(compat, &v, size) ? -EFAULT : 0; #else return copy_to_user(compat, set, size) ? -EFAULT : 0; #endif } extern int compat_ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request, compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t data); extern long compat_arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request, compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t data); struct epoll_event; /* fortunately, this one is fixed-layout */ extern void __user *compat_alloc_user_space(unsigned long len); int compat_restore_altstack(const compat_stack_t __user *uss); int __compat_save_altstack(compat_stack_t __user *, unsigned long); #define unsafe_compat_save_altstack(uss, sp, label) do { \ compat_stack_t __user *__uss = uss; \ struct task_struct *t = current; \ unsafe_put_user(ptr_to_compat((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp), \ &__uss->ss_sp, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &__uss->ss_flags, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &__uss->ss_size, label); \ if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) \ sas_ss_reset(t); \ } while (0); /* * These syscall function prototypes are kept in the same order as * include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h. Deprecated or obsolete system calls * go below. * * Please note that these prototypes here are only provided for information * purposes, for static analysis, and for linking from the syscall table. * These functions should not be called elsewhere from kernel code. * * As the syscall calling convention may be different from the default * for architectures overriding the syscall calling convention, do not * include the prototypes if CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER is enabled. */ #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_setup(unsigned nr_reqs, u32 __user *ctx32p); asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_submit(compat_aio_context_t ctx_id, int nr, u32 __user *iocb); asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_pgetevents(compat_aio_context_t ctx_id, compat_long_t min_nr, compat_long_t nr, struct io_event __user *events, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout, const struct __compat_aio_sigset __user *usig); asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_pgetevents_time64(compat_aio_context_t ctx_id, compat_long_t min_nr, compat_long_t nr, struct io_event __user *events, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout, const struct __compat_aio_sigset __user *usig); /* fs/cookies.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_lookup_dcookie(u32, u32, char __user *, compat_size_t); /* fs/eventpoll.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_epoll_pwait(int epfd, struct epoll_event __user *events, int maxevents, int timeout, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); /* fs/fcntl.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_fcntl(unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd, compat_ulong_t arg); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fcntl64(unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd, compat_ulong_t arg); /* fs/ioctl.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_ioctl(unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd, compat_ulong_t arg); /* fs/open.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_statfs(const char __user *pathname, struct compat_statfs __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_statfs64(const char __user *pathname, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fstatfs(unsigned int fd, struct compat_statfs __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fstatfs64(unsigned int fd, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_truncate(const char __user *, compat_off_t); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ftruncate(unsigned int, compat_ulong_t); /* No generic prototype for truncate64, ftruncate64, fallocate */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_openat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); /* fs/readdir.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_getdents(unsigned int fd, struct compat_linux_dirent __user *dirent, unsigned int count); /* fs/read_write.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_lseek(unsigned int, compat_off_t, unsigned int); /* No generic prototype for pread64 and pwrite64 */ asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_preadv(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high); asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_pwritev(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PREADV64 asmlinkage long compat_sys_preadv64(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos); #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PWRITEV64 asmlinkage long compat_sys_pwritev64(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos); #endif /* fs/sendfile.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendfile(int out_fd, int in_fd, compat_off_t __user *offset, compat_size_t count); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendfile64(int out_fd, int in_fd, compat_loff_t __user *offset, compat_size_t count); /* fs/select.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_pselect6_time32(int n, compat_ulong_t __user *inp, compat_ulong_t __user *outp, compat_ulong_t __user *exp, struct old_timespec32 __user *tsp, void __user *sig); asmlinkage long compat_sys_pselect6_time64(int n, compat_ulong_t __user *inp, compat_ulong_t __user *outp, compat_ulong_t __user *exp, struct __kernel_timespec __user *tsp, void __user *sig); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ppoll_time32(struct pollfd __user *ufds, unsigned int nfds, struct old_timespec32 __user *tsp, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ppoll_time64(struct pollfd __user *ufds, unsigned int nfds, struct __kernel_timespec __user *tsp, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); /* fs/signalfd.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_signalfd4(int ufd, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize, int flags); /* fs/stat.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_newfstatat(unsigned int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf, int flag); asmlinkage long compat_sys_newfstat(unsigned int fd, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf); /* fs/sync.c: No generic prototype for sync_file_range and sync_file_range2 */ /* kernel/exit.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_waitid(int, compat_pid_t, struct compat_siginfo __user *, int, struct compat_rusage __user *); /* kernel/futex.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_set_robust_list(struct compat_robust_list_head __user *head, compat_size_t len); asmlinkage long compat_sys_get_robust_list(int pid, compat_uptr_t __user *head_ptr, compat_size_t __user *len_ptr); /* kernel/itimer.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_getitimer(int which, struct old_itimerval32 __user *it); asmlinkage long compat_sys_setitimer(int which, struct old_itimerval32 __user *in, struct old_itimerval32 __user *out); /* kernel/kexec.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_kexec_load(compat_ulong_t entry, compat_ulong_t nr_segments, struct compat_kexec_segment __user *, compat_ulong_t flags); /* kernel/posix-timers.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_timer_create(clockid_t which_clock, struct compat_sigevent __user *timer_event_spec, timer_t __user *created_timer_id); /* kernel/ptrace.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_ptrace(compat_long_t request, compat_long_t pid, compat_long_t addr, compat_long_t data); /* kernel/sched/core.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sched_setaffinity(compat_pid_t pid, unsigned int len, compat_ulong_t __user *user_mask_ptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sched_getaffinity(compat_pid_t pid, unsigned int len, compat_ulong_t __user *user_mask_ptr); /* kernel/signal.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigaltstack(const compat_stack_t __user *uss_ptr, compat_stack_t __user *uoss_ptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigsuspend(compat_sigset_t __user *unewset, compat_size_t sigsetsize); #ifndef CONFIG_ODD_RT_SIGACTION asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigaction(int, const struct compat_sigaction __user *, struct compat_sigaction __user *, compat_size_t); #endif asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigprocmask(int how, compat_sigset_t __user *set, compat_sigset_t __user *oset, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigpending(compat_sigset_t __user *uset, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigtimedwait_time32(compat_sigset_t __user *uthese, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo, struct old_timespec32 __user *uts, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigtimedwait_time64(compat_sigset_t __user *uthese, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo, struct __kernel_timespec __user *uts, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigqueueinfo(compat_pid_t pid, int sig, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo); /* No generic prototype for rt_sigreturn */ /* kernel/sys.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_times(struct compat_tms __user *tbuf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_getrlimit(unsigned int resource, struct compat_rlimit __user *rlim); asmlinkage long compat_sys_setrlimit(unsigned int resource, struct compat_rlimit __user *rlim); asmlinkage long compat_sys_getrusage(int who, struct compat_rusage __user *ru); /* kernel/time.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_gettimeofday(struct old_timeval32 __user *tv, struct timezone __user *tz); asmlinkage long compat_sys_settimeofday(struct old_timeval32 __user *tv, struct timezone __user *tz); /* kernel/timer.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sysinfo(struct compat_sysinfo __user *info); /* ipc/mqueue.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_mq_open(const char __user *u_name, int oflag, compat_mode_t mode, struct compat_mq_attr __user *u_attr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct compat_sigevent __user *u_notification); asmlinkage long compat_sys_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, const struct compat_mq_attr __user *u_mqstat, struct compat_mq_attr __user *u_omqstat); /* ipc/msg.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_msgctl(int first, int second, void __user *uptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_msgrcv(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, compat_long_t msgtyp, int msgflg); asmlinkage long compat_sys_msgsnd(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, int msgflg); /* ipc/sem.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, int arg); /* ipc/shm.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_shmctl(int first, int second, void __user *uptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_shmat(int shmid, compat_uptr_t shmaddr, int shmflg); /* net/socket.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvfrom(int fd, void __user *buf, compat_size_t len, unsigned flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int __user *addrlen); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendmsg(int fd, struct compat_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvmsg(int fd, struct compat_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags); /* mm/filemap.c: No generic prototype for readahead */ /* security/keys/keyctl.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_keyctl(u32 option, u32 arg2, u32 arg3, u32 arg4, u32 arg5); /* arch/example/kernel/sys_example.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_execve(const char __user *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *envp); /* mm/fadvise.c: No generic prototype for fadvise64_64 */ /* mm/, CONFIG_MMU only */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_mbind(compat_ulong_t start, compat_ulong_t len, compat_ulong_t mode, compat_ulong_t __user *nmask, compat_ulong_t maxnode, compat_ulong_t flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_get_mempolicy(int __user *policy, compat_ulong_t __user *nmask, compat_ulong_t maxnode, compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_set_mempolicy(int mode, compat_ulong_t __user *nmask, compat_ulong_t maxnode); asmlinkage long compat_sys_migrate_pages(compat_pid_t pid, compat_ulong_t maxnode, const compat_ulong_t __user *old_nodes, const compat_ulong_t __user *new_nodes); asmlinkage long compat_sys_move_pages(pid_t pid, compat_ulong_t nr_pages, __u32 __user *pages, const int __user *nodes, int __user *status, int flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_tgsigqueueinfo(compat_pid_t tgid, compat_pid_t pid, int sig, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvmmsg_time64(int fd, struct compat_mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned vlen, unsigned int flags, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvmmsg_time32(int fd, struct compat_mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned vlen, unsigned int flags, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout); asmlinkage long compat_sys_wait4(compat_pid_t pid, compat_uint_t __user *stat_addr, int options, struct compat_rusage __user *ru); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fanotify_mark(int, unsigned int, __u32, __u32, int, const char __user *); asmlinkage long compat_sys_open_by_handle_at(int mountdirfd, struct file_handle __user *handle, int flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct compat_mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned vlen, unsigned int flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_execveat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *envp, int flags); asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_preadv2(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high, rwf_t flags); asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_pwritev2(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high, rwf_t flags); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PREADV64V2 asmlinkage long compat_sys_preadv64v2(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos, rwf_t flags); #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PWRITEV64V2 asmlinkage long compat_sys_pwritev64v2(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos, rwf_t flags); #endif /* * Deprecated system calls which are still defined in * include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h and wanted by >= 1 arch */ /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_NO_AT */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_open(const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_NO_FLAGS */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_signalfd(int ufd, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_OFF_T */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_newstat(const char __user *filename, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_newlstat(const char __user *filename, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf); /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_DEPRECATED */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_select(int n, compat_ulong_t __user *inp, compat_ulong_t __user *outp, compat_ulong_t __user *exp, struct old_timeval32 __user *tvp); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ustat(unsigned dev, struct compat_ustat __user *u32); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recv(int fd, void __user *buf, compat_size_t len, unsigned flags); /* obsolete: fs/readdir.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_old_readdir(unsigned int fd, struct compat_old_linux_dirent __user *, unsigned int count); /* obsolete: fs/select.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_old_select(struct compat_sel_arg_struct __user *arg); /* obsolete: ipc */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_ipc(u32, int, int, u32, compat_uptr_t, u32); /* obsolete: kernel/signal.c */ #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGPENDING asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigpending(compat_old_sigset_t __user *set); #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGPROCMASK asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigprocmask(int how, compat_old_sigset_t __user *nset, compat_old_sigset_t __user *oset); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_OLD_SIGACTION asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigaction(int sig, const struct compat_old_sigaction __user *act, struct compat_old_sigaction __user *oact); #endif /* obsolete: net/socket.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_socketcall(int call, u32 __user *args); #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER */ /* * For most but not all architectures, "am I in a compat syscall?" and * "am I a compat task?" are the same question. For architectures on which * they aren't the same question, arch code can override in_compat_syscall. */ #ifndef in_compat_syscall static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return is_compat_task(); } #endif /** * ns_to_old_timeval32 - Compat version of ns_to_timeval * @nsec: the nanoseconds value to be converted * * Returns the old_timeval32 representation of the nsec parameter. */ static inline struct old_timeval32 ns_to_old_timeval32(s64 nsec) { struct __kernel_old_timeval tv; struct old_timeval32 ctv; tv = ns_to_kernel_old_timeval(nsec); ctv.tv_sec = tv.tv_sec; ctv.tv_usec = tv.tv_usec; return ctv; } /* * Kernel code should not call compat syscalls (i.e., compat_sys_xyzyyz()) * directly. Instead, use one of the functions which work equivalently, such * as the kcompat_sys_xyzyyz() functions prototyped below. */ int kcompat_sys_statfs64(const char __user * pathname, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user * buf); int kcompat_sys_fstatfs64(unsigned int fd, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user * buf); #else /* !CONFIG_COMPAT */ #define is_compat_task() (0) /* Ensure no one redefines in_compat_syscall() under !CONFIG_COMPAT */ #define in_compat_syscall in_compat_syscall static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ /* * Some legacy ABIs like the i386 one use less than natural alignment for 64-bit * types, and will need special compat treatment for that. Most architectures * don't need that special handling even for compat syscalls. */ #ifndef compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup #define compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup() false #endif /* * A pointer passed in from user mode. This should not * be used for syscall parameters, just declare them * as pointers because the syscall entry code will have * appropriately converted them already. */ #ifndef compat_ptr static inline void __user *compat_ptr(compat_uptr_t uptr) { return (void __user *)(unsigned long)uptr; } #endif static inline compat_uptr_t ptr_to_compat(void __user *uptr) { return (u32)(unsigned long)uptr; } #endif /* _LINUX_COMPAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/signalfd.h * * Copyright (C) 2007 Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _LINUX_SIGNALFD_H #define _LINUX_SIGNALFD_H #include <uapi/linux/signalfd.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SIGNALFD /* * Deliver the signal to listening signalfd. */ static inline void signalfd_notify(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig) { if (unlikely(waitqueue_active(&tsk->sighand->signalfd_wqh))) wake_up(&tsk->sighand->signalfd_wqh); } extern void signalfd_cleanup(struct sighand_struct *sighand); #else /* CONFIG_SIGNALFD */ static inline void signalfd_notify(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig) { } static inline void signalfd_cleanup(struct sighand_struct *sighand) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SIGNALFD */ #endif /* _LINUX_SIGNALFD_H */
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char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN]; }; struct module; struct exception_table_entry; struct module_kobject { struct kobject kobj; struct module *mod; struct kobject *drivers_dir; struct module_param_attrs *mp; struct completion *kobj_completion; } __randomize_layout; struct module_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, const char *, size_t count); void (*setup)(struct module *, const char *); int (*test)(struct module *); void (*free)(struct module *); }; struct module_version_attribute { struct module_attribute mattr; const char *module_name; const char *version; } __attribute__ ((__aligned__(sizeof(void *)))); extern ssize_t __modver_version_show(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, char *); extern struct module_attribute module_uevent; /* These are either module local, or the kernel's dummy ones. */ extern int init_module(void); extern void cleanup_module(void); #ifndef MODULE /** * module_init() - driver initialization entry point * @x: function to be run at kernel boot time or module insertion * * module_init() will either be called during do_initcalls() (if * builtin) or at module insertion time (if a module). There can only * be one per module. */ #define module_init(x) __initcall(x); /** * module_exit() - driver exit entry point * @x: function to be run when driver is removed * * module_exit() will wrap the driver clean-up code * with cleanup_module() when used with rmmod when * the driver is a module. If the driver is statically * compiled into the kernel, module_exit() has no effect. * There can only be one per module. */ #define module_exit(x) __exitcall(x); #else /* MODULE */ /* * In most cases loadable modules do not need custom * initcall levels. There are still some valid cases where * a driver may be needed early if built in, and does not * matter when built as a loadable module. Like bus * snooping debug drivers. */ #define early_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define core_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define core_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define postcore_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define postcore_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define arch_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define subsys_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define subsys_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define fs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define fs_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define rootfs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define device_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define device_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define late_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define late_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define console_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) /* Each module must use one module_init(). */ #define module_init(initfn) \ static inline initcall_t __maybe_unused __inittest(void) \ { return initfn; } \ int init_module(void) __copy(initfn) __attribute__((alias(#initfn))); /* This is only required if you want to be unloadable. */ #define module_exit(exitfn) \ static inline exitcall_t __maybe_unused __exittest(void) \ { return exitfn; } \ void cleanup_module(void) __copy(exitfn) __attribute__((alias(#exitfn))); #endif /* This means "can be init if no module support, otherwise module load may call it." */ #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES #define __init_or_module #define __initdata_or_module #define __initconst_or_module #define __INIT_OR_MODULE .text #define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE .data #define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE .section ".rodata","a",%progbits #else #define __init_or_module __init #define __initdata_or_module __initdata #define __initconst_or_module __initconst #define __INIT_OR_MODULE __INIT #define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE __INITDATA #define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE __INITRODATA #endif /*CONFIG_MODULES*/ /* Generic info of form tag = "info" */ #define MODULE_INFO(tag, info) __MODULE_INFO(tag, tag, info) /* For userspace: you can also call me... */ #define MODULE_ALIAS(_alias) MODULE_INFO(alias, _alias) /* Soft module dependencies. See man modprobe.d for details. * Example: MODULE_SOFTDEP("pre: module-foo module-bar post: module-baz") */ #define MODULE_SOFTDEP(_softdep) MODULE_INFO(softdep, _softdep) /* * MODULE_FILE is used for generating modules.builtin * So, make it no-op when this is being built as a module */ #ifdef MODULE #define MODULE_FILE #else #define MODULE_FILE MODULE_INFO(file, KBUILD_MODFILE); #endif /* * The following license idents are currently accepted as indicating free * software modules * * "GPL" [GNU Public License v2] * "GPL v2" [GNU Public License v2] * "GPL and additional rights" [GNU Public License v2 rights and more] * "Dual BSD/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or BSD license choice] * "Dual MIT/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or MIT license choice] * "Dual MPL/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or Mozilla license choice] * * The following other idents are available * * "Proprietary" [Non free products] * * Both "GPL v2" and "GPL" (the latter also in dual licensed strings) are * merely stating that the module is licensed under the GPL v2, but are not * telling whether "GPL v2 only" or "GPL v2 or later". The reason why there * are two variants is a historic and failed attempt to convey more * information in the MODULE_LICENSE string. For module loading the * "only/or later" distinction is completely irrelevant and does neither * replace the proper license identifiers in the corresponding source file * nor amends them in any way. The sole purpose is to make the * 'Proprietary' flagging work and to refuse to bind symbols which are * exported with EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL when a non free module is loaded. * * In the same way "BSD" is not a clear license information. It merely * states, that the module is licensed under one of the compatible BSD * license variants. The detailed and correct license information is again * to be found in the corresponding source files. * * There are dual licensed components, but when running with Linux it is the * GPL that is relevant so this is a non issue. Similarly LGPL linked with GPL * is a GPL combined work. * * This exists for several reasons * 1. So modinfo can show license info for users wanting to vet their setup * is free * 2. So the community can ignore bug reports including proprietary modules * 3. So vendors can do likewise based on their own policies */ #define MODULE_LICENSE(_license) MODULE_FILE MODULE_INFO(license, _license) /* * Author(s), use "Name <email>" or just "Name", for multiple * authors use multiple MODULE_AUTHOR() statements/lines. */ #define MODULE_AUTHOR(_author) MODULE_INFO(author, _author) /* What your module does. */ #define MODULE_DESCRIPTION(_description) MODULE_INFO(description, _description) #ifdef MODULE /* Creates an alias so file2alias.c can find device table. */ #define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name) \ extern typeof(name) __mod_##type##__##name##_device_table \ __attribute__ ((unused, alias(__stringify(name)))) #else /* !MODULE */ #define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name) #endif /* Version of form [<epoch>:]<version>[-<extra-version>]. * Or for CVS/RCS ID version, everything but the number is stripped. * <epoch>: A (small) unsigned integer which allows you to start versions * anew. If not mentioned, it's zero. eg. "2:1.0" is after * "1:2.0". * <version>: The <version> may contain only alphanumerics and the * character `.'. Ordered by numeric sort for numeric parts, * ascii sort for ascii parts (as per RPM or DEB algorithm). * <extraversion>: Like <version>, but inserted for local * customizations, eg "rh3" or "rusty1". * Using this automatically adds a checksum of the .c files and the * local headers in "srcversion". */ #if defined(MODULE) || !defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) #define MODULE_VERSION(_version) MODULE_INFO(version, _version) #else #define MODULE_VERSION(_version) \ MODULE_INFO(version, _version); \ static struct module_version_attribute ___modver_attr = { \ .mattr = { \ .attr = { \ .name = "version", \ .mode = S_IRUGO, \ }, \ .show = __modver_version_show, \ }, \ .module_name = KBUILD_MODNAME, \ .version = _version, \ }; \ static const struct module_version_attribute \ __used __section("__modver") \ * __moduleparam_const __modver_attr = &___modver_attr #endif /* Optional firmware file (or files) needed by the module * format is simply firmware file name. Multiple firmware * files require multiple MODULE_FIRMWARE() specifiers */ #define MODULE_FIRMWARE(_firmware) MODULE_INFO(firmware, _firmware) #define MODULE_IMPORT_NS(ns) MODULE_INFO(import_ns, #ns) struct notifier_block; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES extern int modules_disabled; /* for sysctl */ /* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls must be symmetric) */ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol); void *__symbol_get_gpl(const char *symbol); #define symbol_get(x) ((typeof(&x))(__symbol_get(__stringify(x)))) /* modules using other modules: kdb wants to see this. */ struct module_use { struct list_head source_list; struct list_head target_list; struct module *source, *target; }; enum module_state { MODULE_STATE_LIVE, /* Normal state. */ MODULE_STATE_COMING, /* Full formed, running module_init. */ MODULE_STATE_GOING, /* Going away. */ MODULE_STATE_UNFORMED, /* Still setting it up. */ }; struct mod_tree_node { struct module *mod; struct latch_tree_node node; }; struct module_layout { /* The actual code + data. */ void *base; /* Total size. */ unsigned int size; /* The size of the executable code. */ unsigned int text_size; /* Size of RO section of the module (text+rodata) */ unsigned int ro_size; /* Size of RO after init section */ unsigned int ro_after_init_size; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP struct mod_tree_node mtn; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP /* Only touch one cacheline for common rbtree-for-core-layout case. */ #define __module_layout_align ____cacheline_aligned #else #define __module_layout_align #endif struct mod_kallsyms { Elf_Sym *symtab; unsigned int num_symtab; char *strtab; char *typetab; }; #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH struct klp_modinfo { Elf_Ehdr hdr; Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; char *secstrings; unsigned int symndx; }; #endif struct module { enum module_state state; /* Member of list of modules */ struct list_head list; /* Unique handle for this module */ char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN]; /* Sysfs stuff. */ struct module_kobject mkobj; struct module_attribute *modinfo_attrs; const char *version; const char *srcversion; struct kobject *holders_dir; /* Exported symbols */ const struct kernel_symbol *syms; const s32 *crcs; unsigned int num_syms; /* Kernel parameters. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS struct mutex param_lock; #endif struct kernel_param *kp; unsigned int num_kp; /* GPL-only exported symbols. */ unsigned int num_gpl_syms; const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_syms; const s32 *gpl_crcs; bool using_gplonly_symbols; #ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS /* unused exported symbols. */ const struct kernel_symbol *unused_syms; const s32 *unused_crcs; unsigned int num_unused_syms; /* GPL-only, unused exported symbols. */ unsigned int num_unused_gpl_syms; const struct kernel_symbol *unused_gpl_syms; const s32 *unused_gpl_crcs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG /* Signature was verified. */ bool sig_ok; #endif bool async_probe_requested; /* symbols that will be GPL-only in the near future. */ const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_future_syms; const s32 *gpl_future_crcs; unsigned int num_gpl_future_syms; /* Exception table */ unsigned int num_exentries; struct exception_table_entry *extable; /* Startup function. */ int (*init)(void); /* Core layout: rbtree is accessed frequently, so keep together. */ struct module_layout core_layout __module_layout_align; struct module_layout init_layout; /* Arch-specific module values */ struct mod_arch_specific arch; unsigned long taints; /* same bits as kernel:taint_flags */ #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG /* Support for BUG */ unsigned num_bugs; struct list_head bug_list; struct bug_entry *bug_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* Protected by RCU and/or module_mutex: use rcu_dereference() */ struct mod_kallsyms __rcu *kallsyms; struct mod_kallsyms core_kallsyms; /* Section attributes */ struct module_sect_attrs *sect_attrs; /* Notes attributes */ struct module_notes_attrs *notes_attrs; #endif /* The command line arguments (may be mangled). People like keeping pointers to this stuff */ char *args; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Per-cpu data. */ void __percpu *percpu; unsigned int percpu_size; #endif void *noinstr_text_start; unsigned int noinstr_text_size; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS unsigned int num_tracepoints; tracepoint_ptr_t *tracepoints_ptrs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_SRCU unsigned int num_srcu_structs; struct srcu_struct **srcu_struct_ptrs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS unsigned int num_bpf_raw_events; struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_raw_events; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL struct jump_entry *jump_entries; unsigned int num_jump_entries; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING unsigned int num_trace_bprintk_fmt; const char **trace_bprintk_fmt_start; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING struct trace_event_call **trace_events; unsigned int num_trace_events; struct trace_eval_map **trace_evals; unsigned int num_trace_evals; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD unsigned int num_ftrace_callsites; unsigned long *ftrace_callsites; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES void *kprobes_text_start; unsigned int kprobes_text_size; unsigned long *kprobe_blacklist; unsigned int num_kprobe_blacklist; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE int num_static_call_sites; struct static_call_site *static_call_sites; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH bool klp; /* Is this a livepatch module? */ bool klp_alive; /* Elf information */ struct klp_modinfo *klp_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD /* What modules depend on me? */ struct list_head source_list; /* What modules do I depend on? */ struct list_head target_list; /* Destruction function. */ void (*exit)(void); atomic_t refcnt; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CONSTRUCTORS /* Constructor functions. */ ctor_fn_t *ctors; unsigned int num_ctors; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION struct error_injection_entry *ei_funcs; unsigned int num_ei_funcs; #endif } ____cacheline_aligned __randomize_layout; #ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT #define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {} #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_KALLSYMS_SYMBOL_VALUE static inline unsigned long kallsyms_symbol_value(const Elf_Sym *sym) { return sym->st_value; } #endif extern struct mutex module_mutex; /* FIXME: It'd be nice to isolate modules during init, too, so they aren't used before they (may) fail. But presently too much code (IDE & SCSI) require entry into the module during init.*/ static inline bool module_is_live(struct module *mod) { return mod->state != MODULE_STATE_GOING; } struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr); struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr); bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr); bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr); bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr); bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr); static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base <= addr && addr < (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base + mod->core_layout.size; } static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base <= addr && addr < (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base + mod->init_layout.size; } static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return within_module_init(addr, mod) || within_module_core(addr, mod); } /* Search for module by name: must hold module_mutex. */ struct module *find_module(const char *name); struct symsearch { const struct kernel_symbol *start, *stop; const s32 *crcs; enum mod_license { NOT_GPL_ONLY, GPL_ONLY, WILL_BE_GPL_ONLY, } license; bool unused; }; /* Returns 0 and fills in value, defined and namebuf, or -ERANGE if symnum out of range. */ int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *name, char *module_name, int *exported); /* Look for this name: can be of form module:name. */ unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name); int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data); extern void __noreturn __module_put_and_exit(struct module *mod, long code); #define module_put_and_exit(code) __module_put_and_exit(THIS_MODULE, code) #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD int module_refcount(struct module *mod); void __symbol_put(const char *symbol); #define symbol_put(x) __symbol_put(__stringify(x)) void symbol_put_addr(void *addr); /* Sometimes we know we already have a refcount, and it's easier not to handle the error case (which only happens with rmmod --wait). */ extern void __module_get(struct module *module); /* This is the Right Way to get a module: if it fails, it's being removed, * so pretend it's not there. */ extern bool try_module_get(struct module *module); extern void module_put(struct module *module); #else /*!CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD*/ static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module) { return !module || module_is_live(module); } static inline void module_put(struct module *module) { } static inline void __module_get(struct module *module) { } #define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0) #define symbol_put_addr(p) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD */ /* This is a #define so the string doesn't get put in every .o file */ #define module_name(mod) \ ({ \ struct module *__mod = (mod); \ __mod ? __mod->name : "kernel"; \ }) /* Dereference module function descriptor */ void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr); /* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. namebuf should be at * least KSYM_NAME_LEN long: a pointer to namebuf is returned if * found, otherwise NULL. */ const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf); int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname); int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name); int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); extern void print_modules(void); static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module) { return module && module->async_probe_requested; } #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod) { return mod->klp; } #else /* !CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */ static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */ bool is_module_sig_enforced(void); void set_module_sig_enforced(void); #else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */ static inline struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } /* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls should be symmetric) */ #define symbol_get(x) ({ extern typeof(x) x __attribute__((weak,visibility("hidden"))); &(x); }) #define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0) #define symbol_put_addr(x) do { } while (0) static inline void __module_get(struct module *module) { } static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module) { return true; } static inline void module_put(struct module *module) { } #define module_name(mod) "kernel" /* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. NULL means not found. */ static inline const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf) { return NULL; } static inline int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *name, char *module_name, int *exported) { return -ERANGE; } static inline unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data) { return 0; } static inline int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { /* no events will happen anyway, so this can always succeed */ return 0; } static inline int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return 0; } #define module_put_and_exit(code) do_exit(code) static inline void print_modules(void) { } static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_sig_enforced(void) { return false; } static inline void set_module_sig_enforced(void) { } /* Dereference module function descriptor */ static inline void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr) { return ptr; } #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS extern struct kset *module_kset; extern struct kobj_type module_ktype; extern int module_sysfs_initialized; #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ #define symbol_request(x) try_then_request_module(symbol_get(x), "symbol:" #x) /* BELOW HERE ALL THESE ARE OBSOLETE AND WILL VANISH */ #define __MODULE_STRING(x) __stringify(x) #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *, const Elf_Shdr *, struct module *); void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *); #else /* !CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */ static inline void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *hdr, const Elf_Shdr *sechdrs, struct module *mod) { } static inline void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *mod) {} #endif /* CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */ #ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE extern bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline); #else static inline bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline) { return true; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module) { return module->sig_ok; } #else /* !CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */ static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */ #endif /* _LINUX_MODULE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FAT_H #define _FAT_H #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/nls.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/msdos_fs.h> /* * vfat shortname flags */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER 0x0001 /* convert to lowercase for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 0x0002 /* emulate win95 rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT 0x0004 /* emulate winnt rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95 0x0100 /* emulate win95 rule for create */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT 0x0200 /* emulate winnt rule for create */ #define FAT_ERRORS_CONT 1 /* ignore error and continue */ #define FAT_ERRORS_PANIC 2 /* panic on error */ #define FAT_ERRORS_RO 3 /* remount r/o on error */ #define FAT_NFS_STALE_RW 1 /* NFS RW support, can cause ESTALE */ #define FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO 2 /* NFS RO support, no ESTALE issue */ struct fat_mount_options { kuid_t fs_uid; kgid_t fs_gid; unsigned short fs_fmask; unsigned short fs_dmask; unsigned short codepage; /* Codepage for shortname conversions */ int time_offset; /* Offset of timestamps from UTC (in minutes) */ char *iocharset; /* Charset used for filename input/display */ unsigned short shortname; /* flags for shortname display/create rule */ unsigned char name_check; /* r = relaxed, n = normal, s = strict */ unsigned char errors; /* On error: continue, panic, remount-ro */ unsigned char nfs; /* NFS support: nostale_ro, stale_rw */ unsigned short allow_utime;/* permission for setting the [am]time */ unsigned quiet:1, /* set = fake successful chmods and chowns */ showexec:1, /* set = only set x bit for com/exe/bat */ sys_immutable:1, /* set = system files are immutable */ dotsOK:1, /* set = hidden and system files are named '.filename' */ isvfat:1, /* 0=no vfat long filename support, 1=vfat support */ utf8:1, /* Use of UTF-8 character set (Default) */ unicode_xlate:1, /* create escape sequences for unhandled Unicode */ numtail:1, /* Does first alias have a numeric '~1' type tail? */ flush:1, /* write things quickly */ nocase:1, /* Does this need case conversion? 0=need case conversion*/ usefree:1, /* Use free_clusters for FAT32 */ tz_set:1, /* Filesystem timestamps' offset set */ rodir:1, /* allow ATTR_RO for directory */ discard:1, /* Issue discard requests on deletions */ dos1xfloppy:1; /* Assume default BPB for DOS 1.x floppies */ }; #define FAT_HASH_BITS 8 #define FAT_HASH_SIZE (1UL << FAT_HASH_BITS) /* * MS-DOS file system in-core superblock data */ struct msdos_sb_info { unsigned short sec_per_clus; /* sectors/cluster */ unsigned short cluster_bits; /* log2(cluster_size) */ unsigned int cluster_size; /* cluster size */ unsigned char fats, fat_bits; /* number of FATs, FAT bits (12,16 or 32) */ unsigned short fat_start; unsigned long fat_length; /* FAT start & length (sec.) */ unsigned long dir_start; unsigned short dir_entries; /* root dir start & entries */ unsigned long data_start; /* first data sector */ unsigned long max_cluster; /* maximum cluster number */ unsigned long root_cluster; /* first cluster of the root directory */ unsigned long fsinfo_sector; /* sector number of FAT32 fsinfo */ struct mutex fat_lock; struct mutex nfs_build_inode_lock; struct mutex s_lock; unsigned int prev_free; /* previously allocated cluster number */ unsigned int free_clusters; /* -1 if undefined */ unsigned int free_clus_valid; /* is free_clusters valid? */ struct fat_mount_options options; struct nls_table *nls_disk; /* Codepage used on disk */ struct nls_table *nls_io; /* Charset used for input and display */ const void *dir_ops; /* Opaque; default directory operations */ int dir_per_block; /* dir entries per block */ int dir_per_block_bits; /* log2(dir_per_block) */ unsigned int vol_id; /*volume ID*/ int fatent_shift; const struct fatent_operations *fatent_ops; struct inode *fat_inode; struct inode *fsinfo_inode; struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; spinlock_t inode_hash_lock; struct hlist_head inode_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; spinlock_t dir_hash_lock; struct hlist_head dir_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; unsigned int dirty; /* fs state before mount */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FAT_CACHE_VALID 0 /* special case for valid cache */ /* * MS-DOS file system inode data in memory */ struct msdos_inode_info { spinlock_t cache_lru_lock; struct list_head cache_lru; int nr_caches; /* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */ unsigned int cache_valid_id; /* NOTE: mmu_private is 64bits, so must hold ->i_mutex to access */ loff_t mmu_private; /* physically allocated size */ int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */ int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */ int i_attrs; /* unused attribute bits */ loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry or 0 */ struct hlist_node i_fat_hash; /* hash by i_location */ struct hlist_node i_dir_hash; /* hash by i_logstart */ struct rw_semaphore truncate_lock; /* protect bmap against truncate */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct fat_slot_info { loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry */ loff_t slot_off; /* offset for slot or de start */ int nr_slots; /* number of slots + 1(de) in filename */ struct msdos_dir_entry *de; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static inline struct msdos_sb_info *MSDOS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } /* * Functions that determine the variant of the FAT file system (i.e., * whether this is FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. */ static inline bool is_fat12(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 12; } static inline bool is_fat16(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 16; } static inline bool is_fat32(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 32; } /* Maximum number of clusters */ static inline u32 max_fat(struct super_block *sb) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb); return is_fat32(sbi) ? MAX_FAT32 : is_fat16(sbi) ? MAX_FAT16 : MAX_FAT12; } static inline struct msdos_inode_info *MSDOS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct msdos_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * If ->i_mode can't hold S_IWUGO (i.e. ATTR_RO), we use ->i_attrs to * save ATTR_RO instead of ->i_mode. * * If it's directory and !sbi->options.rodir, ATTR_RO isn't read-only * bit, it's just used as flag for app. */ static inline int fat_mode_can_hold_ro(struct inode *inode) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb); umode_t mask; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { if (!sbi->options.rodir) return 0; mask = ~sbi->options.fs_dmask; } else mask = ~sbi->options.fs_fmask; if (!(mask & S_IWUGO)) return 0; return 1; } /* Convert attribute bits and a mask to the UNIX mode. */ static inline umode_t fat_make_mode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, u8 attrs, umode_t mode) { if (attrs & ATTR_RO && !((attrs & ATTR_DIR) && !sbi->options.rodir)) mode &= ~S_IWUGO; if (attrs & ATTR_DIR) return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_dmask) | S_IFDIR; else return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_fmask) | S_IFREG; } /* Return the FAT attribute byte for this inode */ static inline u8 fat_make_attrs(struct inode *inode) { u8 attrs = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) attrs |= ATTR_DIR; if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode) && !(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO)) attrs |= ATTR_RO; return attrs; } static inline void fat_save_attrs(struct inode *inode, u8 attrs) { if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode)) MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & ATTR_UNUSED; else MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & (ATTR_UNUSED | ATTR_RO); } static inline unsigned char fat_checksum(const __u8 *name) { unsigned char s = name[0]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[1]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[2]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[3]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[4]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[5]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[6]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[7]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[8]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[9]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[10]; return s; } static inline sector_t fat_clus_to_blknr(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int clus) { return ((sector_t)clus - FAT_START_ENT) * sbi->sec_per_clus + sbi->data_start; } static inline void fat_get_blknr_offset(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, loff_t i_pos, sector_t *blknr, int *offset) { *blknr = i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits; *offset = i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1); } static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode) { loff_t i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif return i_pos; } static inline void fat16_towchar(wchar_t *dst, const __u8 *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { *dst++ = src[0] | (src[1] << 8); src += 2; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } static inline int fat_get_start(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, const struct msdos_dir_entry *de) { int cluster = le16_to_cpu(de->start); if (is_fat32(sbi)) cluster |= (le16_to_cpu(de->starthi) << 16); return cluster; } static inline void fat_set_start(struct msdos_dir_entry *de, int cluster) { de->start = cpu_to_le16(cluster); de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16); } static inline void fatwchar_to16(__u8 *dst, const wchar_t *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { dst[0] = *src & 0x00FF; dst[1] = (*src & 0xFF00) >> 8; dst += 2; src++; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } /* fat/cache.c */ extern void fat_cache_inval_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_get_cluster(struct inode *inode, int cluster, int *fclus, int *dclus); extern int fat_get_mapped_cluster(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t last_block, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, sector_t *bmap); extern int fat_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t *phys, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, int create, bool from_bmap); /* fat/dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations fat_dir_operations; extern int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name, int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_dir_empty(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_subdirs(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_scan_logstart(struct inode *dir, int i_logstart, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_get_dotdot_entry(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh, struct msdos_dir_entry **de); extern int fat_alloc_new_dir(struct inode *dir, struct timespec64 *ts); extern int fat_add_entries(struct inode *dir, void *slots, int nr_slots, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_remove_entries(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); /* fat/fatent.c */ struct fat_entry { int entry; union { u8 *ent12_p[2]; __le16 *ent16_p; __le32 *ent32_p; } u; int nr_bhs; struct buffer_head *bhs[2]; struct inode *fat_inode; }; static inline void fatent_init(struct fat_entry *fatent) { fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->entry = 0; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline void fatent_set_entry(struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry) { fatent->entry = entry; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; } static inline void fatent_brelse(struct fat_entry *fatent) { int i; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; for (i = 0; i < fatent->nr_bhs; i++) brelse(fatent->bhs[i]); fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline bool fat_valid_entry(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int entry) { return FAT_START_ENT <= entry && entry < sbi->max_cluster; } extern void fat_ent_access_init(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_ent_read(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry); extern int fat_ent_write(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int new, int wait); extern int fat_alloc_clusters(struct inode *inode, int *cluster, int nr_cluster); extern int fat_free_clusters(struct inode *inode, int cluster); extern int fat_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_trim_fs(struct inode *inode, struct fstrim_range *range); /* fat/file.c */ extern long fat_generic_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern const struct file_operations fat_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations fat_file_inode_operations; extern int fat_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); extern void fat_truncate_blocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset); extern int fat_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int flags); extern int fat_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); /* fat/inode.c */ extern int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from); extern void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos); extern void fat_detach(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos); extern struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos); extern int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat, void (*setup)(struct super_block *)); extern int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de); extern int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2); static inline unsigned long fat_dir_hash(int logstart) { return hash_32(logstart, FAT_HASH_BITS); } extern int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode); /* fat/misc.c */ extern __printf(3, 4) __cold void __fat_fs_error(struct super_block *sb, int report, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_fs_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, 1, fmt , ## args) #define fat_fs_error_ratelimit(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, __ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit), fmt , ## args) __printf(3, 4) __cold void fat_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_msg_ratelimit(sb, level, fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (__ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit)) \ fat_msg(sb, level, fmt, ## args); \ } while (0) extern int fat_clusters_flush(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_chain_add(struct inode *inode, int new_dclus, int nr_cluster); extern void fat_time_fat2unix(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 __time, __le16 __date, u8 time_cs); extern void fat_time_unix2fat(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 *time, __le16 *date, u8 *time_cs); extern int fat_truncate_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_sync_bhs(struct buffer_head **bhs, int nr_bhs); int fat_cache_init(void); void fat_cache_destroy(void); /* fat/nfs.c */ extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops; extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops_nostale; /* helper for printk */ typedef unsigned long long llu; #endif /* !_FAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H #define __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/rtnetlink.h> extern int rtnetlink_send(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid, u32 group, int echo); extern int rtnl_unicast(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid); extern void rtnl_notify(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid, u32 group, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, gfp_t flags); extern void rtnl_set_sk_err(struct net *net, u32 group, int error); extern int rtnetlink_put_metrics(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 *metrics); extern int rtnl_put_cacheinfo(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst, u32 id, long expires, u32 error); void rtmsg_ifinfo(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned change, gfp_t flags); void rtmsg_ifinfo_newnet(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned int change, gfp_t flags, int *new_nsid, int new_ifindex); struct sk_buff *rtmsg_ifinfo_build_skb(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned change, u32 event, gfp_t flags, int *new_nsid, int new_ifindex); void rtmsg_ifinfo_send(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, gfp_t flags); /* RTNL is used as a global lock for all changes to network configuration */ extern void rtnl_lock(void); extern void rtnl_unlock(void); extern int rtnl_trylock(void); extern int rtnl_is_locked(void); extern int rtnl_lock_killable(void); extern bool refcount_dec_and_rtnl_lock(refcount_t *r); extern wait_queue_head_t netdev_unregistering_wq; extern struct rw_semaphore pernet_ops_rwsem; extern struct rw_semaphore net_rwsem; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING extern bool lockdep_rtnl_is_held(void); #else static inline bool lockdep_rtnl_is_held(void) { return true; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ /** * rcu_dereference_rtnl - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Do an rcu_dereference(p), but check caller either holds rcu_read_lock() * or RTNL. Note : Please prefer rtnl_dereference() or rcu_dereference() */ #define rcu_dereference_rtnl(p) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereference * * Do an rcu_dereference_bh(p), but check caller either holds rcu_read_lock_bh() * or RTNL. Note : Please prefer rtnl_dereference() or rcu_dereference_bh() */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl(p) \ rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) /** * rtnl_dereference - fetch RCU pointer when updates are prevented by RTNL * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(), because caller holds RTNL. */ #define rtnl_dereference(p) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) static inline struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue(struct net_device *dev) { return rtnl_dereference(dev->ingress_queue); } static inline struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue_rcu(struct net_device *dev) { return rcu_dereference(dev->ingress_queue); } struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue_create(struct net_device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_INGRESS void net_inc_ingress_queue(void); void net_dec_ingress_queue(void); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_EGRESS void net_inc_egress_queue(void); void net_dec_egress_queue(void); #endif void rtnetlink_init(void); void __rtnl_unlock(void); void rtnl_kfree_skbs(struct sk_buff *head, struct sk_buff *tail); #define ASSERT_RTNL() \ WARN_ONCE(!rtnl_is_locked(), \ "RTNL: assertion failed at %s (%d)\n", __FILE__, __LINE__) extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct net_device *dev, struct net_device *filter_dev, int *idx); extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_add(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct nlattr *tb[], struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *addr, u16 vid, u16 flags); extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_del(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct nlattr *tb[], struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *addr, u16 vid); extern int ndo_dflt_bridge_getlink(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 pid, u32 seq, struct net_device *dev, u16 mode, u32 flags, u32 mask, int nlflags, u32 filter_mask, int (*vlan_fill)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, u32 filter_mask)); #endif /* __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DESC_H #define _ASM_X86_DESC_H #include <asm/desc_defs.h> #include <asm/ldt.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> #include <asm/irq_vectors.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> static inline void fill_ldt(struct desc_struct *desc, const struct user_desc *info) { desc->limit0 = info->limit & 0x0ffff; desc->base0 = (info->base_addr & 0x0000ffff); desc->base1 = (info->base_addr & 0x00ff0000) >> 16; desc->type = (info->read_exec_only ^ 1) << 1; desc->type |= info->contents << 2; /* Set the ACCESS bit so it can be mapped RO */ desc->type |= 1; desc->s = 1; desc->dpl = 0x3; desc->p = info->seg_not_present ^ 1; desc->limit1 = (info->limit & 0xf0000) >> 16; desc->avl = info->useable; desc->d = info->seg_32bit; desc->g = info->limit_in_pages; desc->base2 = (info->base_addr & 0xff000000) >> 24; /* * Don't allow setting of the lm bit. It would confuse * user_64bit_mode and would get overridden by sysret anyway. */ desc->l = 0; } struct gdt_page { struct desc_struct gdt[GDT_ENTRIES]; } __attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE))); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct gdt_page, gdt_page); /* Provide the original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_rw(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu(gdt_page, cpu).gdt; } /* Provide the current original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_rw(void) { return this_cpu_ptr(&gdt_page)->gdt; } /* Provide the fixmap address of the remapped GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_ro(int cpu) { return (struct desc_struct *)&get_cpu_entry_area(cpu)->gdt; } /* Provide the current read-only GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_ro(void) { return get_cpu_gdt_ro(smp_processor_id()); } /* Provide the physical address of the GDT page. */ static inline phys_addr_t get_cpu_gdt_paddr(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu)); } static inline void pack_gate(gate_desc *gate, unsigned type, unsigned long func, unsigned dpl, unsigned ist, unsigned seg) { gate->offset_low = (u16) func; gate->bits.p = 1; gate->bits.dpl = dpl; gate->bits.zero = 0; gate->bits.type = type; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (func >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->segment = __KERNEL_CS; gate->bits.ist = ist; gate->reserved = 0; gate->offset_high = (u32) (func >> 32); #else gate->segment = seg; gate->bits.ist = 0; #endif } static inline int desc_empty(const void *ptr) { const u32 *desc = ptr; return !(desc[0] | desc[1]); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define load_TR_desc() native_load_tr_desc() #define load_gdt(dtr) native_load_gdt(dtr) #define load_idt(dtr) native_load_idt(dtr) #define load_tr(tr) asm volatile("ltr %0"::"m" (tr)) #define load_ldt(ldt) asm volatile("lldt %0"::"m" (ldt)) #define store_gdt(dtr) native_store_gdt(dtr) #define store_tr(tr) (tr = native_store_tr()) #define load_TLS(t, cpu) native_load_tls(t, cpu) #define set_ldt native_set_ldt #define write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) native_write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) #define write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) native_write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) #define write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) native_write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define store_ldt(ldt) asm("sldt %0" : "=m"(ldt)) static inline void native_write_idt_entry(gate_desc *idt, int entry, const gate_desc *gate) { memcpy(&idt[entry], gate, sizeof(*gate)); } static inline void native_write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *ldt, int entry, const void *desc) { memcpy(&ldt[entry], desc, 8); } static inline void native_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *gdt, int entry, const void *desc, int type) { unsigned int size; switch (type) { case DESC_TSS: size = sizeof(tss_desc); break; case DESC_LDT: size = sizeof(ldt_desc); break; default: size = sizeof(*gdt); break; } memcpy(&gdt[entry], desc, size); } static inline void set_tssldt_descriptor(void *d, unsigned long addr, unsigned type, unsigned size) { struct ldttss_desc *desc = d; memset(desc, 0, sizeof(*desc)); desc->limit0 = (u16) size; desc->base0 = (u16) addr; desc->base1 = (addr >> 16) & 0xFF; desc->type = type; desc->p = 1; desc->limit1 = (size >> 16) & 0xF; desc->base2 = (addr >> 24) & 0xFF; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 desc->base3 = (u32) (addr >> 32); #endif } static inline void __set_tss_desc(unsigned cpu, unsigned int entry, struct x86_hw_tss *addr) { struct desc_struct *d = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); tss_desc tss; set_tssldt_descriptor(&tss, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_TSS, __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT); write_gdt_entry(d, entry, &tss, DESC_TSS); } #define set_tss_desc(cpu, addr) __set_tss_desc(cpu, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, addr) static inline void native_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned int entries) { if (likely(entries == 0)) asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (0)); else { unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id(); ldt_desc ldt; set_tssldt_descriptor(&ldt, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_LDT, entries * LDT_ENTRY_SIZE - 1); write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_LDT, &ldt, DESC_LDT); asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_LDT*8)); } } static inline void native_load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lgdt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static __always_inline void native_load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lidt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static inline void native_store_gdt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sgdt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } static inline void store_idt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sidt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } /* * The LTR instruction marks the TSS GDT entry as busy. On 64-bit, the GDT is * a read-only remapping. To prevent a page fault, the GDT is switched to the * original writeable version when needed. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { struct desc_ptr gdt; int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); bool restore = 0; struct desc_struct *fixmap_gdt; native_store_gdt(&gdt); fixmap_gdt = get_cpu_gdt_ro(cpu); /* * If the current GDT is the read-only fixmap, swap to the original * writeable version. Swap back at the end. */ if (gdt.address == (unsigned long)fixmap_gdt) { load_direct_gdt(cpu); restore = 1; } asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); if (restore) load_fixmap_gdt(cpu); } #else static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); } #endif static inline unsigned long native_store_tr(void) { unsigned long tr; asm volatile("str %0":"=r" (tr)); return tr; } static inline void native_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu) { struct desc_struct *gdt = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES; i++) gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + i] = t->tls_array[i]; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, __tss_limit_invalid); static inline void force_reload_TR(void) { struct desc_struct *d = get_current_gdt_rw(); tss_desc tss; memcpy(&tss, &d[GDT_ENTRY_TSS], sizeof(tss_desc)); /* * LTR requires an available TSS, and the TSS is currently * busy. Make it be available so that LTR will work. */ tss.type = DESC_TSS; write_gdt_entry(d, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, &tss, DESC_TSS); load_TR_desc(); this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, false); } /* * Call this if you need the TSS limit to be correct, which should be the case * if and only if you have TIF_IO_BITMAP set or you're switching to a task * with TIF_IO_BITMAP set. */ static inline void refresh_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(__tss_limit_invalid))) force_reload_TR(); } /* * If you do something evil that corrupts the cached TSS limit (I'm looking * at you, VMX exits), call this function. * * The optimization here is that the TSS limit only matters for Linux if the * IO bitmap is in use. If the TSS limit gets forced to its minimum value, * everything works except that IO bitmap will be ignored and all CPL 3 IO * instructions will #GP, which is exactly what we want for normal tasks. */ static inline void invalidate_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_IO_BITMAP))) force_reload_TR(); else this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, true); } /* This intentionally ignores lm, since 32-bit apps don't have that field. */ #define LDT_empty(info) \ ((info)->base_addr == 0 && \ (info)->limit == 0 && \ (info)->contents == 0 && \ (info)->read_exec_only == 1 && \ (info)->seg_32bit == 0 && \ (info)->limit_in_pages == 0 && \ (info)->seg_not_present == 1 && \ (info)->useable == 0) /* Lots of programs expect an all-zero user_desc to mean "no segment at all". */ static inline bool LDT_zero(const struct user_desc *info) { return (info->base_addr == 0 && info->limit == 0 && info->contents == 0 && info->read_exec_only == 0 && info->seg_32bit == 0 && info->limit_in_pages == 0 && info->seg_not_present == 0 && info->useable == 0); } static inline void clear_LDT(void) { set_ldt(NULL, 0); } static inline unsigned long get_desc_base(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return (unsigned)(desc->base0 | ((desc->base1) << 16) | ((desc->base2) << 24)); } static inline void set_desc_base(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long base) { desc->base0 = base & 0xffff; desc->base1 = (base >> 16) & 0xff; desc->base2 = (base >> 24) & 0xff; } static inline unsigned long get_desc_limit(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return desc->limit0 | (desc->limit1 << 16); } static inline void set_desc_limit(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long limit) { desc->limit0 = limit & 0xffff; desc->limit1 = (limit >> 16) & 0xf; } void alloc_intr_gate(unsigned int n, const void *addr); static inline void init_idt_data(struct idt_data *data, unsigned int n, const void *addr) { BUG_ON(n > 0xFF); memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data)); data->vector = n; data->addr = addr; data->segment = __KERNEL_CS; data->bits.type = GATE_INTERRUPT; data->bits.p = 1; } static inline void idt_init_desc(gate_desc *gate, const struct idt_data *d) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) d->addr; gate->offset_low = (u16) addr; gate->segment = (u16) d->segment; gate->bits = d->bits; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (addr >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->offset_high = (u32) (addr >> 32); gate->reserved = 0; #endif } extern unsigned long system_vectors[]; extern void load_current_idt(void); extern void idt_setup_early_handler(void); extern void idt_setup_early_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_apic_and_irq_gates(void); extern bool idt_is_f00f_address(unsigned long address); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern void idt_setup_early_pf(void); extern void idt_setup_ist_traps(void); #else static inline void idt_setup_early_pf(void) { } static inline void idt_setup_ist_traps(void) { } #endif extern void idt_invalidate(void *addr); #endif /* _ASM_X86_DESC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Linux NET3: Internet Group Management Protocol [IGMP] * * Authors: * Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> * * Extended to talk the BSD extended IGMP protocol of mrouted 3.6 */ #ifndef _LINUX_IGMP_H #define _LINUX_IGMP_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/igmp.h> static inline struct igmphdr *igmp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct igmphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline struct igmpv3_report * igmpv3_report_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct igmpv3_report *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline struct igmpv3_query * igmpv3_query_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct igmpv3_query *)skb_transport_header(skb); } struct ip_sf_socklist { unsigned int sl_max; unsigned int sl_count; struct rcu_head rcu; __be32 sl_addr[]; }; #define IP_SFLSIZE(count) (sizeof(struct ip_sf_socklist) + \ (count) * sizeof(__be32)) #define IP_SFBLOCK 10 /* allocate this many at once */ /* ip_mc_socklist is real list now. Speed is not argument; this list never used in fast path code */ struct ip_mc_socklist { struct ip_mc_socklist __rcu *next_rcu; struct ip_mreqn multi; unsigned int sfmode; /* MCAST_{INCLUDE,EXCLUDE} */ struct ip_sf_socklist __rcu *sflist; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ip_sf_list { struct ip_sf_list *sf_next; unsigned long sf_count[2]; /* include/exclude counts */ __be32 sf_inaddr; unsigned char sf_gsresp; /* include in g & s response? */ unsigned char sf_oldin; /* change state */ unsigned char sf_crcount; /* retrans. left to send */ }; struct ip_mc_list { struct in_device *interface; __be32 multiaddr; unsigned int sfmode; struct ip_sf_list *sources; struct ip_sf_list *tomb; unsigned long sfcount[2]; union { struct ip_mc_list *next; struct ip_mc_list __rcu *next_rcu; }; struct ip_mc_list __rcu *next_hash; struct timer_list timer; int users; refcount_t refcnt; spinlock_t lock; char tm_running; char reporter; char unsolicit_count; char loaded; unsigned char gsquery; /* check source marks? */ unsigned char crcount; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* V3 exponential field decoding */ #define IGMPV3_MASK(value, nb) ((nb)>=32 ? (value) : ((1<<(nb))-1) & (value)) #define IGMPV3_EXP(thresh, nbmant, nbexp, value) \ ((value) < (thresh) ? (value) : \ ((IGMPV3_MASK(value, nbmant) | (1<<(nbmant))) << \ (IGMPV3_MASK((value) >> (nbmant), nbexp) + (nbexp)))) #define IGMPV3_QQIC(value) IGMPV3_EXP(0x80, 4, 3, value) #define IGMPV3_MRC(value) IGMPV3_EXP(0x80, 4, 3, value) static inline int ip_mc_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb_transport_offset(skb) + ip_transport_len(skb) < len) return 0; return pskb_may_pull(skb, len); } extern int ip_check_mc_rcu(struct in_device *dev, __be32 mc_addr, __be32 src_addr, u8 proto); extern int igmp_rcv(struct sk_buff *); extern int ip_mc_join_group(struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreqn *imr); extern int ip_mc_join_group_ssm(struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreqn *imr, unsigned int mode); extern int ip_mc_leave_group(struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreqn *imr); extern void ip_mc_drop_socket(struct sock *sk); extern int ip_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreq_source *mreqs, int ifindex); extern int ip_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct ip_msfilter *msf,int ifindex); extern int ip_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct ip_msfilter *msf, struct ip_msfilter __user *optval, int __user *optlen); extern int ip_mc_gsfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage __user *p); extern int ip_mc_sf_allow(struct sock *sk, __be32 local, __be32 rmt, int dif, int sdif); extern void ip_mc_init_dev(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_destroy_dev(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_up(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_down(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_unmap(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_remap(struct in_device *); extern void __ip_mc_dec_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr, gfp_t gfp); static inline void ip_mc_dec_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr) { return __ip_mc_dec_group(in_dev, addr, GFP_KERNEL); } extern void __ip_mc_inc_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr, gfp_t gfp); extern void ip_mc_inc_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr); int ip_mc_check_igmp(struct sk_buff *skb); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NET Generic infrastructure for Network protocols. * * Definitions for request_sock * * Authors: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br> * * From code originally in include/net/tcp.h */ #ifndef _REQUEST_SOCK_H #define _REQUEST_SOCK_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/sock.h> struct request_sock; struct sk_buff; struct dst_entry; struct proto; struct request_sock_ops { int family; unsigned int obj_size; struct kmem_cache *slab; char *slab_name; int (*rtx_syn_ack)(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void (*send_ack)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req); void (*send_reset)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*destructor)(struct request_sock *req); void (*syn_ack_timeout)(const struct request_sock *req); }; int inet_rtx_syn_ack(const struct sock *parent, struct request_sock *req); struct saved_syn { u32 mac_hdrlen; u32 network_hdrlen; u32 tcp_hdrlen; u8 data[]; }; /* struct request_sock - mini sock to represent a connection request */ struct request_sock { struct sock_common __req_common; #define rsk_refcnt __req_common.skc_refcnt #define rsk_hash __req_common.skc_hash #define rsk_listener __req_common.skc_listener #define rsk_window_clamp __req_common.skc_window_clamp #define rsk_rcv_wnd __req_common.skc_rcv_wnd struct request_sock *dl_next; u16 mss; u8 num_retrans; /* number of retransmits */ u8 syncookie:1; /* syncookie: encode tcpopts in timestamp */ u8 num_timeout:7; /* number of timeouts */ u32 ts_recent; struct timer_list rsk_timer; const struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops; struct sock *sk; struct saved_syn *saved_syn; u32 secid; u32 peer_secid; }; static inline struct request_sock *inet_reqsk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct request_sock *)sk; } static inline struct sock *req_to_sk(struct request_sock *req) { return (struct sock *)req; } static inline struct request_sock * reqsk_alloc(const struct request_sock_ops *ops, struct sock *sk_listener, bool attach_listener) { struct request_sock *req; req = kmem_cache_alloc(ops->slab, GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!req) return NULL; req->rsk_listener = NULL; if (attach_listener) { if (unlikely(!refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk_listener->sk_refcnt))) { kmem_cache_free(ops->slab, req); return NULL; } req->rsk_listener = sk_listener; } req->rsk_ops = ops; req_to_sk(req)->sk_prot = sk_listener->sk_prot; sk_node_init(&req_to_sk(req)->sk_node); sk_tx_queue_clear(req_to_sk(req)); req->saved_syn = NULL; req->num_timeout = 0; req->num_retrans = 0; req->sk = NULL; refcount_set(&req->rsk_refcnt, 0); return req; } static inline void __reqsk_free(struct request_sock *req) { req->rsk_ops->destructor(req); if (req->rsk_listener) sock_put(req->rsk_listener); kfree(req->saved_syn); kmem_cache_free(req->rsk_ops->slab, req); } static inline void reqsk_free(struct request_sock *req) { WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&req->rsk_refcnt) != 0); __reqsk_free(req); } static inline void reqsk_put(struct request_sock *req) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&req->rsk_refcnt)) reqsk_free(req); } /* * For a TCP Fast Open listener - * lock - protects the access to all the reqsk, which is co-owned by * the listener and the child socket. * qlen - pending TFO requests (still in TCP_SYN_RECV). * max_qlen - max TFO reqs allowed before TFO is disabled. * * XXX (TFO) - ideally these fields can be made as part of "listen_sock" * structure above. But there is some implementation difficulty due to * listen_sock being part of request_sock_queue hence will be freed when * a listener is stopped. But TFO related fields may continue to be * accessed even after a listener is closed, until its sk_refcnt drops * to 0 implying no more outstanding TFO reqs. One solution is to keep * listen_opt around until sk_refcnt drops to 0. But there is some other * complexity that needs to be resolved. E.g., a listener can be disabled * temporarily through shutdown()->tcp_disconnect(), and re-enabled later. */ struct fastopen_queue { struct request_sock *rskq_rst_head; /* Keep track of past TFO */ struct request_sock *rskq_rst_tail; /* requests that caused RST. * This is part of the defense * against spoofing attack. */ spinlock_t lock; int qlen; /* # of pending (TCP_SYN_RECV) reqs */ int max_qlen; /* != 0 iff TFO is currently enabled */ struct tcp_fastopen_context __rcu *ctx; /* cipher context for cookie */ }; /** struct request_sock_queue - queue of request_socks * * @rskq_accept_head - FIFO head of established children * @rskq_accept_tail - FIFO tail of established children * @rskq_defer_accept - User waits for some data after accept() * */ struct request_sock_queue { spinlock_t rskq_lock; u8 rskq_defer_accept; u32 synflood_warned; atomic_t qlen; atomic_t young; struct request_sock *rskq_accept_head; struct request_sock *rskq_accept_tail; struct fastopen_queue fastopenq; /* Check max_qlen != 0 to determine * if TFO is enabled. */ }; void reqsk_queue_alloc(struct request_sock_queue *queue); void reqsk_fastopen_remove(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, bool reset); static inline bool reqsk_queue_empty(const struct request_sock_queue *queue) { return READ_ONCE(queue->rskq_accept_head) == NULL; } static inline struct request_sock *reqsk_queue_remove(struct request_sock_queue *queue, struct sock *parent) { struct request_sock *req; spin_lock_bh(&queue->rskq_lock); req = queue->rskq_accept_head; if (req) { sk_acceptq_removed(parent); WRITE_ONCE(queue->rskq_accept_head, req->dl_next); if (queue->rskq_accept_head == NULL) queue->rskq_accept_tail = NULL; } spin_unlock_bh(&queue->rskq_lock); return req; } static inline void reqsk_queue_removed(struct request_sock_queue *queue, const struct request_sock *req) { if (req->num_timeout == 0) atomic_dec(&queue->young); atomic_dec(&queue->qlen); } static inline void reqsk_queue_added(struct request_sock_queue *queue) { atomic_inc(&queue->young); atomic_inc(&queue->qlen); } static inline int reqsk_queue_len(const struct request_sock_queue *queue) { return atomic_read(&queue->qlen); } static inline int reqsk_queue_len_young(const struct request_sock_queue *queue) { return atomic_read(&queue->young); } #endif /* _REQUEST_SOCK_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_H /* * Define 'struct task_struct' and provide the main scheduler * APIs (schedule(), wakeup variants, etc.) */ #include <uapi/linux/sched.h> #include <asm/current.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/plist.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/latencytop.h> #include <linux/sched/prio.h> #include <linux/sched/types.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/rseq.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/kcsan.h> /* task_struct member predeclarations (sorted alphabetically): */ struct audit_context; struct backing_dev_info; struct bio_list; struct blk_plug; struct capture_control; struct cfs_rq; struct fs_struct; struct futex_pi_state; struct io_context; struct mempolicy; struct nameidata; struct nsproxy; struct perf_event_context; struct pid_namespace; struct pipe_inode_info; struct rcu_node; struct reclaim_state; struct robust_list_head; struct root_domain; struct rq; struct sched_attr; struct sched_param; struct seq_file; struct sighand_struct; struct signal_struct; struct task_delay_info; struct task_group; struct io_uring_task; /* * Task state bitmask. NOTE! These bits are also * encoded in fs/proc/array.c: get_task_state(). * * We have two separate sets of flags: task->state * is about runnability, while task->exit_state are * about the task exiting. Confusing, but this way * modifying one set can't modify the other one by * mistake. */ /* Used in tsk->state: */ #define TASK_RUNNING 0x0000 #define TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x0001 #define TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE 0x0002 #define __TASK_STOPPED 0x0004 #define __TASK_TRACED 0x0008 /* Used in tsk->exit_state: */ #define EXIT_DEAD 0x0010 #define EXIT_ZOMBIE 0x0020 #define EXIT_TRACE (EXIT_ZOMBIE | EXIT_DEAD) /* Used in tsk->state again: */ #define TASK_PARKED 0x0040 #define TASK_DEAD 0x0080 #define TASK_WAKEKILL 0x0100 #define TASK_WAKING 0x0200 #define TASK_NOLOAD 0x0400 #define TASK_NEW 0x0800 #define TASK_STATE_MAX 0x1000 /* Convenience macros for the sake of set_current_state: */ #define TASK_KILLABLE (TASK_WAKEKILL | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) #define TASK_STOPPED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_STOPPED) #define TASK_TRACED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_TRACED) #define TASK_IDLE (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_NOLOAD) /* Convenience macros for the sake of wake_up(): */ #define TASK_NORMAL (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) /* get_task_state(): */ #define TASK_REPORT (TASK_RUNNING | TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | __TASK_STOPPED | \ __TASK_TRACED | EXIT_DEAD | EXIT_ZOMBIE | \ TASK_PARKED) #define task_is_traced(task) ((task->state & __TASK_TRACED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped(task) ((task->state & __TASK_STOPPED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped_or_traced(task) ((task->state & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED)) != 0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP /* * Special states are those that do not use the normal wait-loop pattern. See * the comment with set_special_state(). */ #define is_special_task_state(state) \ ((state) & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED | TASK_PARKED | TASK_DEAD)) #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ } while (0) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)); \ } while (0) #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_special_task_state(state_value)); \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #else /* * set_current_state() includes a barrier so that the write of current->state * is correctly serialised wrt the caller's subsequent test of whether to * actually sleep: * * for (;;) { * set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * if (CONDITION) * break; * * schedule(); * } * __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); * * If the caller does not need such serialisation (because, for instance, the * CONDITION test and condition change and wakeup are under the same lock) then * use __set_current_state(). * * The above is typically ordered against the wakeup, which does: * * CONDITION = 1; * wake_up_state(p, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * * where wake_up_state()/try_to_wake_up() executes a full memory barrier before * accessing p->state. * * Wakeup will do: if (@state & p->state) p->state = TASK_RUNNING, that is, * once it observes the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store the waking CPU can issue a * TASK_RUNNING store which can collide with __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING). * * However, with slightly different timing the wakeup TASK_RUNNING store can * also collide with the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store. Losing that store is not * a problem either because that will result in one extra go around the loop * and our @cond test will save the day. * * Also see the comments of try_to_wake_up(). */ #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ current->state = (state_value) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)) /* * set_special_state() should be used for those states when the blocking task * can not use the regular condition based wait-loop. In that case we must * serialize against wakeups such that any possible in-flight TASK_RUNNING stores * will not collide with our state change. */ #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #endif /* Task command name length: */ #define TASK_COMM_LEN 16 extern void scheduler_tick(void); #define MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT LONG_MAX extern long schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_interruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_killable(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_idle(long timeout); asmlinkage void schedule(void); extern void schedule_preempt_disabled(void); asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_irq(void); extern int __must_check io_schedule_prepare(void); extern void io_schedule_finish(int token); extern long io_schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern void io_schedule(void); /** * struct prev_cputime - snapshot of system and user cputime * @utime: time spent in user mode * @stime: time spent in system mode * @lock: protects the above two fields * * Stores previous user/system time values such that we can guarantee * monotonicity. */ struct prev_cputime { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE u64 utime; u64 stime; raw_spinlock_t lock; #endif }; enum vtime_state { /* Task is sleeping or running in a CPU with VTIME inactive: */ VTIME_INACTIVE = 0, /* Task is idle */ VTIME_IDLE, /* Task runs in kernelspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_SYS, /* Task runs in userspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_USER, /* Task runs as guests in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_GUEST, }; struct vtime { seqcount_t seqcount; unsigned long long starttime; enum vtime_state state; unsigned int cpu; u64 utime; u64 stime; u64 gtime; }; /* * Utilization clamp constraints. * @UCLAMP_MIN: Minimum utilization * @UCLAMP_MAX: Maximum utilization * @UCLAMP_CNT: Utilization clamp constraints count */ enum uclamp_id { UCLAMP_MIN = 0, UCLAMP_MAX, UCLAMP_CNT }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct root_domain def_root_domain; extern struct mutex sched_domains_mutex; #endif struct sched_info { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO /* Cumulative counters: */ /* # of times we have run on this CPU: */ unsigned long pcount; /* Time spent waiting on a runqueue: */ unsigned long long run_delay; /* Timestamps: */ /* When did we last run on a CPU? */ unsigned long long last_arrival; /* When were we last queued to run? */ unsigned long long last_queued; #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_INFO */ }; /* * Integer metrics need fixed point arithmetic, e.g., sched/fair * has a few: load, load_avg, util_avg, freq, and capacity. * * We define a basic fixed point arithmetic range, and then formalize * all these metrics based on that basic range. */ # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT 10 # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE (1L << SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT) /* Increase resolution of cpu_capacity calculations */ # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE (1L << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT) struct load_weight { unsigned long weight; u32 inv_weight; }; /** * struct util_est - Estimation utilization of FAIR tasks * @enqueued: instantaneous estimated utilization of a task/cpu * @ewma: the Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) * utilization of a task * * Support data structure to track an Exponential Weighted Moving Average * (EWMA) of a FAIR task's utilization. New samples are added to the moving * average each time a task completes an activation. Sample's weight is chosen * so that the EWMA will be relatively insensitive to transient changes to the * task's workload. * * The enqueued attribute has a slightly different meaning for tasks and cpus: * - task: the task's util_avg at last task dequeue time * - cfs_rq: the sum of util_est.enqueued for each RUNNABLE task on that CPU * Thus, the util_est.enqueued of a task represents the contribution on the * estimated utilization of the CPU where that task is currently enqueued. * * Only for tasks we track a moving average of the past instantaneous * estimated utilization. This allows to absorb sporadic drops in utilization * of an otherwise almost periodic task. * * The UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED flag is used to synchronize util_est with util_avg * updates. When a task is dequeued, its util_est should not be updated if its * util_avg has not been updated in the meantime. * This information is mapped into the MSB bit of util_est.enqueued at dequeue * time. Since max value of util_est.enqueued for a task is 1024 (PELT util_avg * for a task) it is safe to use MSB. */ struct util_est { unsigned int enqueued; unsigned int ewma; #define UTIL_EST_WEIGHT_SHIFT 2 #define UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED 0x80000000 } __attribute__((__aligned__(sizeof(u64)))); /* * The load/runnable/util_avg accumulates an infinite geometric series * (see __update_load_avg_cfs_rq() in kernel/sched/pelt.c). * * [load_avg definition] * * load_avg = runnable% * scale_load_down(load) * * [runnable_avg definition] * * runnable_avg = runnable% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * [util_avg definition] * * util_avg = running% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * where runnable% is the time ratio that a sched_entity is runnable and * running% the time ratio that a sched_entity is running. * * For cfs_rq, they are the aggregated values of all runnable and blocked * sched_entities. * * The load/runnable/util_avg doesn't directly factor frequency scaling and CPU * capacity scaling. The scaling is done through the rq_clock_pelt that is used * for computing those signals (see update_rq_clock_pelt()) * * N.B., the above ratios (runnable% and running%) themselves are in the * range of [0, 1]. To do fixed point arithmetics, we therefore scale them * to as large a range as necessary. This is for example reflected by * util_avg's SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE. * * [Overflow issue] * * The 64-bit load_sum can have 4353082796 (=2^64/47742/88761) entities * with the highest load (=88761), always runnable on a single cfs_rq, * and should not overflow as the number already hits PID_MAX_LIMIT. * * For all other cases (including 32-bit kernels), struct load_weight's * weight will overflow first before we do, because: * * Max(load_avg) <= Max(load.weight) * * Then it is the load_weight's responsibility to consider overflow * issues. */ struct sched_avg { u64 last_update_time; u64 load_sum; u64 runnable_sum; u32 util_sum; u32 period_contrib; unsigned long load_avg; unsigned long runnable_avg; unsigned long util_avg; struct util_est util_est; } ____cacheline_aligned; struct sched_statistics { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS u64 wait_start; u64 wait_max; u64 wait_count; u64 wait_sum; u64 iowait_count; u64 iowait_sum; u64 sleep_start; u64 sleep_max; s64 sum_sleep_runtime; u64 block_start; u64 block_max; u64 exec_max; u64 slice_max; u64 nr_migrations_cold; u64 nr_failed_migrations_affine; u64 nr_failed_migrations_running; u64 nr_failed_migrations_hot; u64 nr_forced_migrations; u64 nr_wakeups; u64 nr_wakeups_sync; u64 nr_wakeups_migrate; u64 nr_wakeups_local; u64 nr_wakeups_remote; u64 nr_wakeups_affine; u64 nr_wakeups_affine_attempts; u64 nr_wakeups_passive; u64 nr_wakeups_idle; #endif }; struct sched_entity { /* For load-balancing: */ struct load_weight load; struct rb_node run_node; struct list_head group_node; unsigned int on_rq; u64 exec_start; u64 sum_exec_runtime; u64 vruntime; u64 prev_sum_exec_runtime; u64 nr_migrations; struct sched_statistics statistics; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED int depth; struct sched_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct cfs_rq *my_q; /* cached value of my_q->h_nr_running */ unsigned long runnable_weight; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Per entity load average tracking. * * Put into separate cache line so it does not * collide with read-mostly values above. */ struct sched_avg avg; #endif }; struct sched_rt_entity { struct list_head run_list; unsigned long timeout; unsigned long watchdog_stamp; unsigned int time_slice; unsigned short on_rq; unsigned short on_list; struct sched_rt_entity *back; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED struct sched_rt_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct rt_rq *rt_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct rt_rq *my_q; #endif } __randomize_layout; struct sched_dl_entity { struct rb_node rb_node; /* * Original scheduling parameters. Copied here from sched_attr * during sched_setattr(), they will remain the same until * the next sched_setattr(). */ u64 dl_runtime; /* Maximum runtime for each instance */ u64 dl_deadline; /* Relative deadline of each instance */ u64 dl_period; /* Separation of two instances (period) */ u64 dl_bw; /* dl_runtime / dl_period */ u64 dl_density; /* dl_runtime / dl_deadline */ /* * Actual scheduling parameters. Initialized with the values above, * they are continuously updated during task execution. Note that * the remaining runtime could be < 0 in case we are in overrun. */ s64 runtime; /* Remaining runtime for this instance */ u64 deadline; /* Absolute deadline for this instance */ unsigned int flags; /* Specifying the scheduler behaviour */ /* * Some bool flags: * * @dl_throttled tells if we exhausted the runtime. If so, the * task has to wait for a replenishment to be performed at the * next firing of dl_timer. * * @dl_boosted tells if we are boosted due to DI. If so we are * outside bandwidth enforcement mechanism (but only until we * exit the critical section); * * @dl_yielded tells if task gave up the CPU before consuming * all its available runtime during the last job. * * @dl_non_contending tells if the task is inactive while still * contributing to the active utilization. In other words, it * indicates if the inactive timer has been armed and its handler * has not been executed yet. This flag is useful to avoid race * conditions between the inactive timer handler and the wakeup * code. * * @dl_overrun tells if the task asked to be informed about runtime * overruns. */ unsigned int dl_throttled : 1; unsigned int dl_yielded : 1; unsigned int dl_non_contending : 1; unsigned int dl_overrun : 1; /* * Bandwidth enforcement timer. Each -deadline task has its * own bandwidth to be enforced, thus we need one timer per task. */ struct hrtimer dl_timer; /* * Inactive timer, responsible for decreasing the active utilization * at the "0-lag time". When a -deadline task blocks, it contributes * to GRUB's active utilization until the "0-lag time", hence a * timer is needed to decrease the active utilization at the correct * time. */ struct hrtimer inactive_timer; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* * Priority Inheritance. When a DEADLINE scheduling entity is boosted * pi_se points to the donor, otherwise points to the dl_se it belongs * to (the original one/itself). */ struct sched_dl_entity *pi_se; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* Number of utilization clamp buckets (shorter alias) */ #define UCLAMP_BUCKETS CONFIG_UCLAMP_BUCKETS_COUNT /* * Utilization clamp for a scheduling entity * @value: clamp value "assigned" to a se * @bucket_id: bucket index corresponding to the "assigned" value * @active: the se is currently refcounted in a rq's bucket * @user_defined: the requested clamp value comes from user-space * * The bucket_id is the index of the clamp bucket matching the clamp value * which is pre-computed and stored to avoid expensive integer divisions from * the fast path. * * The active bit is set whenever a task has got an "effective" value assigned, * which can be different from the clamp value "requested" from user-space. * This allows to know a task is refcounted in the rq's bucket corresponding * to the "effective" bucket_id. * * The user_defined bit is set whenever a task has got a task-specific clamp * value requested from userspace, i.e. the system defaults apply to this task * just as a restriction. This allows to relax default clamps when a less * restrictive task-specific value has been requested, thus allowing to * implement a "nice" semantic. For example, a task running with a 20% * default boost can still drop its own boosting to 0%. */ struct uclamp_se { unsigned int value : bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE); unsigned int bucket_id : bits_per(UCLAMP_BUCKETS); unsigned int active : 1; unsigned int user_defined : 1; }; #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */ union rcu_special { struct { u8 blocked; u8 need_qs; u8 exp_hint; /* Hint for performance. */ u8 need_mb; /* Readers need smp_mb(). */ } b; /* Bits. */ u32 s; /* Set of bits. */ }; enum perf_event_task_context { perf_invalid_context = -1, perf_hw_context = 0, perf_sw_context, perf_nr_task_contexts, }; struct wake_q_node { struct wake_q_node *next; }; struct task_struct { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For reasons of header soup (see current_thread_info()), this * must be the first element of task_struct. */ struct thread_info thread_info; #endif /* -1 unrunnable, 0 runnable, >0 stopped: */ volatile long state; /* * This begins the randomizable portion of task_struct. Only * scheduling-critical items should be added above here. */ randomized_struct_fields_start void *stack; refcount_t usage; /* Per task flags (PF_*), defined further below: */ unsigned int flags; unsigned int ptrace; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int on_cpu; struct __call_single_node wake_entry; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* Current CPU: */ unsigned int cpu; #endif unsigned int wakee_flips; unsigned long wakee_flip_decay_ts; struct task_struct *last_wakee; /* * recent_used_cpu is initially set as the last CPU used by a task * that wakes affine another task. Waker/wakee relationships can * push tasks around a CPU where each wakeup moves to the next one. * Tracking a recently used CPU allows a quick search for a recently * used CPU that may be idle. */ int recent_used_cpu; int wake_cpu; #endif int on_rq; int prio; int static_prio; int normal_prio; unsigned int rt_priority; const struct sched_class *sched_class; struct sched_entity se; struct sched_rt_entity rt; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED struct task_group *sched_task_group; #endif struct sched_dl_entity dl; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* * Clamp values requested for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp_req[UCLAMP_CNT]; /* * Effective clamp values used for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS /* List of struct preempt_notifier: */ struct hlist_head preempt_notifiers; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE unsigned int btrace_seq; #endif unsigned int policy; int nr_cpus_allowed; const cpumask_t *cpus_ptr; cpumask_t cpus_mask; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU int rcu_read_lock_nesting; union rcu_special rcu_read_unlock_special; struct list_head rcu_node_entry; struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU unsigned long rcu_tasks_nvcsw; u8 rcu_tasks_holdout; u8 rcu_tasks_idx; int rcu_tasks_idle_cpu; struct list_head rcu_tasks_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU int trc_reader_nesting; int trc_ipi_to_cpu; union rcu_special trc_reader_special; bool trc_reader_checked; struct list_head trc_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU */ struct sched_info sched_info; struct list_head tasks; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct plist_node pushable_tasks; struct rb_node pushable_dl_tasks; #endif struct mm_struct *mm; struct mm_struct *active_mm; /* Per-thread vma caching: */ struct vmacache vmacache; #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING struct task_rss_stat rss_stat; #endif int exit_state; int exit_code; int exit_signal; /* The signal sent when the parent dies: */ int pdeath_signal; /* JOBCTL_*, siglock protected: */ unsigned long jobctl; /* Used for emulating ABI behavior of previous Linux versions: */ unsigned int personality; /* Scheduler bits, serialized by scheduler locks: */ unsigned sched_reset_on_fork:1; unsigned sched_contributes_to_load:1; unsigned sched_migrated:1; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI unsigned sched_psi_wake_requeue:1; #endif /* Force alignment to the next boundary: */ unsigned :0; /* Unserialized, strictly 'current' */ /* * This field must not be in the scheduler word above due to wakelist * queueing no longer being serialized by p->on_cpu. However: * * p->XXX = X; ttwu() * schedule() if (p->on_rq && ..) // false * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); if (smp_load_acquire(&p->on_cpu) && //true * deactivate_task() ttwu_queue_wakelist()) * p->on_rq = 0; p->sched_remote_wakeup = Y; * * guarantees all stores of 'current' are visible before * ->sched_remote_wakeup gets used, so it can be in this word. */ unsigned sched_remote_wakeup:1; /* Bit to tell LSMs we're in execve(): */ unsigned in_execve:1; unsigned in_iowait:1; #ifndef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK unsigned restore_sigmask:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG unsigned in_user_fault:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK unsigned brk_randomized:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* disallow userland-initiated cgroup migration */ unsigned no_cgroup_migration:1; /* task is frozen/stopped (used by the cgroup freezer) */ unsigned frozen:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP unsigned use_memdelay:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Stalled due to lack of memory */ unsigned in_memstall:1; #endif unsigned long atomic_flags; /* Flags requiring atomic access. */ struct restart_block restart_block; pid_t pid; pid_t tgid; #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* Canary value for the -fstack-protector GCC feature: */ unsigned long stack_canary; #endif /* * Pointers to the (original) parent process, youngest child, younger sibling, * older sibling, respectively. (p->father can be replaced with * p->real_parent->pid) */ /* Real parent process: */ struct task_struct __rcu *real_parent; /* Recipient of SIGCHLD, wait4() reports: */ struct task_struct __rcu *parent; /* * Children/sibling form the list of natural children: */ struct list_head children; struct list_head sibling; struct task_struct *group_leader; /* * 'ptraced' is the list of tasks this task is using ptrace() on. * * This includes both natural children and PTRACE_ATTACH targets. * 'ptrace_entry' is this task's link on the p->parent->ptraced list. */ struct list_head ptraced; struct list_head ptrace_entry; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *thread_pid; struct hlist_node pid_links[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct list_head thread_group; struct list_head thread_node; struct completion *vfork_done; /* CLONE_CHILD_SETTID: */ int __user *set_child_tid; /* CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID: */ int __user *clear_child_tid; u64 utime; u64 stime; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME u64 utimescaled; u64 stimescaled; #endif u64 gtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN struct vtime vtime; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif /* Context switch counts: */ unsigned long nvcsw; unsigned long nivcsw; /* Monotonic time in nsecs: */ u64 start_time; /* Boot based time in nsecs: */ u64 start_boottime; /* MM fault and swap info: this can arguably be seen as either mm-specific or thread-specific: */ unsigned long min_flt; unsigned long maj_flt; /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_CPUTIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_CPU_TIMERS_TASK_WORK struct posix_cputimers_work posix_cputimers_work; #endif /* Process credentials: */ /* Tracer's credentials at attach: */ const struct cred __rcu *ptracer_cred; /* Objective and real subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *real_cred; /* Effective (overridable) subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *cred; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* Cached requested key. */ struct key *cached_requested_key; #endif /* * executable name, excluding path. * * - normally initialized setup_new_exec() * - access it with [gs]et_task_comm() * - lock it with task_lock() */ char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; struct nameidata *nameidata; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC struct sysv_sem sysvsem; struct sysv_shm sysvshm; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK unsigned long last_switch_count; unsigned long last_switch_time; #endif /* Filesystem information: */ struct fs_struct *fs; /* Open file information: */ struct files_struct *files; #ifdef CONFIG_IO_URING struct io_uring_task *io_uring; #endif /* Namespaces: */ struct nsproxy *nsproxy; /* Signal handlers: */ struct signal_struct *signal; struct sighand_struct __rcu *sighand; sigset_t blocked; sigset_t real_blocked; /* Restored if set_restore_sigmask() was used: */ sigset_t saved_sigmask; struct sigpending pending; unsigned long sas_ss_sp; size_t sas_ss_size; unsigned int sas_ss_flags; struct callback_head *task_works; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_context *audit_context; #endif kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; #endif struct seccomp seccomp; /* Thread group tracking: */ u64 parent_exec_id; u64 self_exec_id; /* Protection against (de-)allocation: mm, files, fs, tty, keyrings, mems_allowed, mempolicy: */ spinlock_t alloc_lock; /* Protection of the PI data structures: */ raw_spinlock_t pi_lock; struct wake_q_node wake_q; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* PI waiters blocked on a rt_mutex held by this task: */ struct rb_root_cached pi_waiters; /* Updated under owner's pi_lock and rq lock */ struct task_struct *pi_top_task; /* Deadlock detection and priority inheritance handling: */ struct rt_mutex_waiter *pi_blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES /* Mutex deadlock detection: */ struct mutex_waiter *blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP int non_block_count; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events irqtrace; unsigned int hardirq_threaded; u64 hardirq_chain_key; int softirqs_enabled; int softirq_context; int irq_config; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define MAX_LOCK_DEPTH 48UL u64 curr_chain_key; int lockdep_depth; unsigned int lockdep_recursion; struct held_lock held_locks[MAX_LOCK_DEPTH]; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_UBSAN) && !defined(CONFIG_UBSAN_TRAP) unsigned int in_ubsan; #endif /* Journalling filesystem info: */ void *journal_info; /* Stacked block device info: */ struct bio_list *bio_list; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK /* Stack plugging: */ struct blk_plug *plug; #endif /* VM state: */ struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state; struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; struct io_context *io_context; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION struct capture_control *capture_control; #endif /* Ptrace state: */ unsigned long ptrace_message; kernel_siginfo_t *last_siginfo; struct task_io_accounting ioac; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Pressure stall state */ unsigned int psi_flags; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT /* Accumulated RSS usage: */ u64 acct_rss_mem1; /* Accumulated virtual memory usage: */ u64 acct_vm_mem1; /* stime + utime since last update: */ u64 acct_timexpd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* Protected by ->alloc_lock: */ nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* Seqence number to catch updates: */ seqcount_spinlock_t mems_allowed_seq; int cpuset_mem_spread_rotor; int cpuset_slab_spread_rotor; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* Control Group info protected by css_set_lock: */ struct css_set __rcu *cgroups; /* cg_list protected by css_set_lock and tsk->alloc_lock: */ struct list_head cg_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CPU_RESCTRL u32 closid; u32 rmid; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX struct robust_list_head __user *robust_list; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_robust_list_head __user *compat_robust_list; #endif struct list_head pi_state_list; struct futex_pi_state *pi_state_cache; struct mutex futex_exit_mutex; unsigned int futex_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event_context *perf_event_ctxp[perf_nr_task_contexts]; struct mutex perf_event_mutex; struct list_head perf_event_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT unsigned long preempt_disable_ip; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* Protected by alloc_lock: */ struct mempolicy *mempolicy; short il_prev; short pref_node_fork; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING int numa_scan_seq; unsigned int numa_scan_period; unsigned int numa_scan_period_max; int numa_preferred_nid; unsigned long numa_migrate_retry; /* Migration stamp: */ u64 node_stamp; u64 last_task_numa_placement; u64 last_sum_exec_runtime; struct callback_head numa_work; /* * This pointer is only modified for current in syscall and * pagefault context (and for tasks being destroyed), so it can be read * from any of the following contexts: * - RCU read-side critical section * - current->numa_group from everywhere * - task's runqueue locked, task not running */ struct numa_group __rcu *numa_group; /* * numa_faults is an array split into four regions: * faults_memory, faults_cpu, faults_memory_buffer, faults_cpu_buffer * in this precise order. * * faults_memory: Exponential decaying average of faults on a per-node * basis. Scheduling placement decisions are made based on these * counts. The values remain static for the duration of a PTE scan. * faults_cpu: Track the nodes the process was running on when a NUMA * hinting fault was incurred. * faults_memory_buffer and faults_cpu_buffer: Record faults per node * during the current scan window. When the scan completes, the counts * in faults_memory and faults_cpu decay and these values are copied. */ unsigned long *numa_faults; unsigned long total_numa_faults; /* * numa_faults_locality tracks if faults recorded during the last * scan window were remote/local or failed to migrate. The task scan * period is adapted based on the locality of the faults with different * weights depending on whether they were shared or private faults */ unsigned long numa_faults_locality[3]; unsigned long numa_pages_migrated; #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ struct rseq __user *rseq; u32 rseq_sig; /* * RmW on rseq_event_mask must be performed atomically * with respect to preemption. */ unsigned long rseq_event_mask; #endif struct tlbflush_unmap_batch tlb_ubc; union { refcount_t rcu_users; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* Cache last used pipe for splice(): */ struct pipe_inode_info *splice_pipe; struct page_frag task_frag; #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info *delays; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION int make_it_fail; unsigned int fail_nth; #endif /* * When (nr_dirtied >= nr_dirtied_pause), it's time to call * balance_dirty_pages() for a dirty throttling pause: */ int nr_dirtied; int nr_dirtied_pause; /* Start of a write-and-pause period: */ unsigned long dirty_paused_when; #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP int latency_record_count; struct latency_record latency_record[LT_SAVECOUNT]; #endif /* * Time slack values; these are used to round up poll() and * select() etc timeout values. These are in nanoseconds. */ u64 timer_slack_ns; u64 default_timer_slack_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN unsigned int kasan_depth; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KCSAN struct kcsan_ctx kcsan_ctx; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events kcsan_save_irqtrace; #endif #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KUNIT) struct kunit *kunit_test; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER /* Index of current stored address in ret_stack: */ int curr_ret_stack; int curr_ret_depth; /* Stack of return addresses for return function tracing: */ struct ftrace_ret_stack *ret_stack; /* Timestamp for last schedule: */ unsigned long long ftrace_timestamp; /* * Number of functions that haven't been traced * because of depth overrun: */ atomic_t trace_overrun; /* Pause tracing: */ atomic_t tracing_graph_pause; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING /* State flags for use by tracers: */ unsigned long trace; /* Bitmask and counter of trace recursion: */ unsigned long trace_recursion; #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KCOV /* See kernel/kcov.c for more details. */ /* Coverage collection mode enabled for this task (0 if disabled): */ unsigned int kcov_mode; /* Size of the kcov_area: */ unsigned int kcov_size; /* Buffer for coverage collection: */ void *kcov_area; /* KCOV descriptor wired with this task or NULL: */ struct kcov *kcov; /* KCOV common handle for remote coverage collection: */ u64 kcov_handle; /* KCOV sequence number: */ int kcov_sequence; /* Collect coverage from softirq context: */ unsigned int kcov_softirq; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct mem_cgroup *memcg_in_oom; gfp_t memcg_oom_gfp_mask; int memcg_oom_order; /* Number of pages to reclaim on returning to userland: */ unsigned int memcg_nr_pages_over_high; /* Used by memcontrol for targeted memcg charge: */ struct mem_cgroup *active_memcg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP struct request_queue *throttle_queue; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES struct uprobe_task *utask; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_BCACHE) || defined(CONFIG_BCACHE_MODULE) unsigned int sequential_io; unsigned int sequential_io_avg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP unsigned long task_state_change; #endif int pagefault_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* A live task holds one reference: */ refcount_t stack_refcount; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH int patch_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY /* Used by LSM modules for access restriction: */ void *security; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK unsigned long lowest_stack; unsigned long prev_lowest_stack; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE void __user *mce_vaddr; __u64 mce_kflags; u64 mce_addr; __u64 mce_ripv : 1, mce_whole_page : 1, __mce_reserved : 62; struct callback_head mce_kill_me; int mce_count; #endif /* * New fields for task_struct should be added above here, so that * they are included in the randomized portion of task_struct. */ randomized_struct_fields_end /* CPU-specific state of this task: */ struct thread_struct thread; /* * WARNING: on x86, 'thread_struct' contains a variable-sized * structure. It *MUST* be at the end of 'task_struct'. * * Do not put anything below here! */ }; static inline struct pid *task_pid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->thread_pid; } /* * the helpers to get the task's different pids as they are seen * from various namespaces * * task_xid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * task_xid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * task_xid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified; * * see also pid_nr() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ pid_t __task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid_namespace *ns); static inline pid_t task_pid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->pid; } static inline pid_t task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->tgid; } /** * pid_alive - check that a task structure is not stale * @p: Task structure to be checked. * * Test if a process is not yet dead (at most zombie state) * If pid_alive fails, then pointers within the task structure * can be stale and must not be dereferenced. * * Return: 1 if the process is alive. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int pid_alive(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->thread_pid != NULL; } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_session_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_session_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr_ns(const struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { pid_t pid = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (pid_alive(tsk)) pid = task_tgid_nr_ns(rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent), ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr(const struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_ppid_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } /* Obsolete, do not use: */ static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_pgrp_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } #define TASK_REPORT_IDLE (TASK_REPORT + 1) #define TASK_REPORT_MAX (TASK_REPORT_IDLE << 1) static inline unsigned int task_state_index(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned int tsk_state = READ_ONCE(tsk->state); unsigned int state = (tsk_state | tsk->exit_state) & TASK_REPORT; BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(TASK_REPORT_MAX); if (tsk_state == TASK_IDLE) state = TASK_REPORT_IDLE; return fls(state); } static inline char task_index_to_char(unsigned int state) { static const char state_char[] = "RSDTtXZPI"; BUILD_BUG_ON(1 + ilog2(TASK_REPORT_MAX) != sizeof(state_char) - 1); return state_char[state]; } static inline char task_state_to_char(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_index_to_char(task_state_index(tsk)); } /** * is_global_init - check if a task structure is init. Since init * is free to have sub-threads we need to check tgid. * @tsk: Task structure to be checked. * * Check if a task structure is the first user space task the kernel created. * * Return: 1 if the task structure is init. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int is_global_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_tgid_nr(tsk) == 1; } extern struct pid *cad_pid; /* * Per process flags */ #define PF_VCPU 0x00000001 /* I'm a virtual CPU */ #define PF_IDLE 0x00000002 /* I am an IDLE thread */ #define PF_EXITING 0x00000004 /* Getting shut down */ #define PF_IO_WORKER 0x00000010 /* Task is an IO worker */ #define PF_WQ_WORKER 0x00000020 /* I'm a workqueue worker */ #define PF_FORKNOEXEC 0x00000040 /* Forked but didn't exec */ #define PF_MCE_PROCESS 0x00000080 /* Process policy on mce errors */ #define PF_SUPERPRIV 0x00000100 /* Used super-user privileges */ #define PF_DUMPCORE 0x00000200 /* Dumped core */ #define PF_SIGNALED 0x00000400 /* Killed by a signal */ #define PF_MEMALLOC 0x00000800 /* Allocating memory */ #define PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED 0x00001000 /* set_user() noticed that RLIMIT_NPROC was exceeded */ #define PF_USED_MATH 0x00002000 /* If unset the fpu must be initialized before use */ #define PF_USED_ASYNC 0x00004000 /* Used async_schedule*(), used by module init */ #define PF_NOFREEZE 0x00008000 /* This thread should not be frozen */ #define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* Frozen for system suspend */ #define PF_KSWAPD 0x00020000 /* I am kswapd */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS 0x00040000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOFS */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO 0x00080000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOIO */ #define PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE 0x00100000 /* Throttle writes only against the bdi I write to, * I am cleaning dirty pages from some other bdi. */ #define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000 /* I am a kernel thread */ #define PF_RANDOMIZE 0x00400000 /* Randomize virtual address space */ #define PF_SWAPWRITE 0x00800000 /* Allowed to write to swap */ #define PF_NO_SETAFFINITY 0x04000000 /* Userland is not allowed to meddle with cpus_mask */ #define PF_MCE_EARLY 0x08000000 /* Early kill for mce process policy */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA 0x10000000 /* All allocation request will have _GFP_MOVABLE cleared */ #define PF_FREEZER_SKIP 0x40000000 /* Freezer should not count it as freezable */ #define PF_SUSPEND_TASK 0x80000000 /* This thread called freeze_processes() and should not be frozen */ /* * Only the _current_ task can read/write to tsk->flags, but other * tasks can access tsk->flags in readonly mode for example * with tsk_used_math (like during threaded core dumping). * There is however an exception to this rule during ptrace * or during fork: the ptracer task is allowed to write to the * child->flags of its traced child (same goes for fork, the parent * can write to the child->flags), because we're guaranteed the * child is not running and in turn not changing child->flags * at the same time the parent does it. */ #define clear_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define set_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags |= PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define clear_used_math() clear_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define set_used_math() set_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= (condition) ? PF_USED_MATH : 0; } while (0) #define conditional_used_math(condition) conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, current) #define copy_to_stopped_child_used_math(child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= current->flags & PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) /* NOTE: this will return 0 or PF_USED_MATH, it will never return 1 */ #define tsk_used_math(p) ((p)->flags & PF_USED_MATH) #define used_math() tsk_used_math(current) static __always_inline bool is_percpu_thread(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return (current->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY) && (current->nr_cpus_allowed == 1); #else return true; #endif } /* Per-process atomic flags. */ #define PFA_NO_NEW_PRIVS 0 /* May not gain new privileges. */ #define PFA_SPREAD_PAGE 1 /* Spread page cache over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPREAD_SLAB 2 /* Spread some slab caches over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_DISABLE 3 /* Speculative Store Bypass disabled */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE 4 /* Speculative Store Bypass force disabled*/ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_DISABLE 5 /* Indirect branch speculation restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE 6 /* Indirect branch speculation permanently restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC 7 /* Speculative Store Bypass clear on execve() */ #define TASK_PFA_TEST(name, func) \ static inline bool task_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { return test_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_SET(name, func) \ static inline void task_set_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { set_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_CLEAR(name, func) \ static inline void task_clear_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { clear_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } TASK_PFA_TEST(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_SET(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) static inline void current_restore_flags(unsigned long orig_flags, unsigned long flags) { current->flags &= ~flags; current->flags |= orig_flags & flags; } extern int cpuset_cpumask_can_shrink(const struct cpumask *cur, const struct cpumask *trial); extern int task_can_attach(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *cs_cpus_allowed); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); #else static inline void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { } static inline int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { if (!cpumask_test_cpu(0, new_mask)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } #endif extern int yield_to(struct task_struct *p, bool preempt); extern void set_user_nice(struct task_struct *p, long nice); extern int task_prio(const struct task_struct *p); /** * task_nice - return the nice value of a given task. * @p: the task in question. * * Return: The nice value [ -20 ... 0 ... 19 ]. */ static inline int task_nice(const struct task_struct *p) { return PRIO_TO_NICE((p)->static_prio); } extern int can_nice(const struct task_struct *p, const int nice); extern int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p); extern int idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int available_idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int sched_setscheduler(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern int sched_setscheduler_nocheck(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern void sched_set_fifo(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_fifo_low(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_normal(struct task_struct *p, int nice); extern int sched_setattr(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern int sched_setattr_nocheck(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern struct task_struct *idle_task(int cpu); /** * is_idle_task - is the specified task an idle task? * @p: the task in question. * * Return: 1 if @p is an idle task. 0 otherwise. */ static __always_inline bool is_idle_task(const struct task_struct *p) { return !!(p->flags & PF_IDLE); } extern struct task_struct *curr_task(int cpu); extern void ia64_set_curr_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p); void yield(void); union thread_union { #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ON_STACK struct task_struct task; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK struct thread_info thread_info; #endif unsigned long stack[THREAD_SIZE/sizeof(long)]; }; #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK extern struct thread_info init_thread_info; #endif extern unsigned long init_stack[THREAD_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)]; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK static inline struct thread_info *task_thread_info(struct task_struct *task) { return &task->thread_info; } #elif !defined(__HAVE_THREAD_FUNCTIONS) # define task_thread_info(task) ((struct thread_info *)(task)->stack) #endif /* * find a task by one of its numerical ids * * find_task_by_pid_ns(): * finds a task by its pid in the specified namespace * find_task_by_vpid(): * finds a task by its virtual pid * * see also find_vpid() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * find a task by its virtual pid and get the task struct */ extern struct task_struct *find_get_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned int state); extern int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void __set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from, bool exec); static inline void set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from) { __set_task_comm(tsk, from, false); } extern char *__get_task_comm(char *to, size_t len, struct task_struct *tsk); #define get_task_comm(buf, tsk) ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(buf) != TASK_COMM_LEN); \ __get_task_comm(buf, sizeof(buf), tsk); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static __always_inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { /* * Fold TIF_NEED_RESCHED into the preempt_count; anybody setting * TIF_NEED_RESCHED remotely (for the first time) will also send * this IPI. */ preempt_fold_need_resched(); } extern unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *, long match_state); #else static inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { } static inline unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *p, long match_state) { return 1; } #endif /* * Set thread flags in other task's structures. * See asm/thread_info.h for TIF_xxxx flags available: */ static inline void set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void update_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag, bool value) { update_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag, value); } static inline int test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void set_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline void clear_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline int test_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED)); } /* * cond_resched() and cond_resched_lock(): latency reduction via * explicit rescheduling in places that are safe. The return * value indicates whether a reschedule was done in fact. * cond_resched_lock() will drop the spinlock before scheduling, */ #ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern int _cond_resched(void); #else static inline int _cond_resched(void) { return 0; } #endif #define cond_resched() ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); \ _cond_resched(); \ }) extern int __cond_resched_lock(spinlock_t *lock); #define cond_resched_lock(lock) ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET);\ __cond_resched_lock(lock); \ }) static inline void cond_resched_rcu(void) { #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) || !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) rcu_read_unlock(); cond_resched(); rcu_read_lock(); #endif } /* * Does a critical section need to be broken due to another * task waiting?: (technically does not depend on CONFIG_PREEMPTION, * but a general need for low latency) */ static inline int spin_needbreak(spinlock_t *lock) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION return spin_is_contended(lock); #else return 0; #endif } static __always_inline bool need_resched(void) { return unlikely(tif_need_resched()); } /* * Wrappers for p->thread_info->cpu access. No-op on UP. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK return READ_ONCE(p->cpu); #else return READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(p)->cpu); #endif } extern void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu); #else static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * In order to reduce various lock holder preemption latencies provide an * interface to see if a vCPU is currently running or not. * * This allows us to terminate optimistic spin loops and block, analogous to * the native optimistic spin heuristic of testing if the lock owner task is * running or not. */ #ifndef vcpu_is_preempted static inline bool vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu) { return false; } #endif extern long sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern long sched_getaffinity(pid_t pid, struct cpumask *mask); #ifndef TASK_SIZE_OF #define TASK_SIZE_OF(tsk) TASK_SIZE #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ /* * Map the event mask on the user-space ABI enum rseq_cs_flags * for direct mask checks. */ enum rseq_event_mask_bits { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE_BIT, }; enum rseq_event_mask { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT), }; static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { if (t->rseq) set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); } void __rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *sig, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (current->rseq) __rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { preempt_disable(); __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT, &current->rseq_event_mask); preempt_enable(); rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } /* rseq_preempt() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* rseq_migrate() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* * If parent process has a registered restartable sequences area, the * child inherits. Unregister rseq for a clone with CLONE_VM set. */ static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } else { t->rseq = current->rseq; t->rseq_sig = current->rseq_sig; t->rseq_event_mask = current->rseq_event_mask; } } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } #else static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RSEQ void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs) { } #endif const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_cfs_rq_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); char *sched_trace_cfs_rq_path(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, char *str, int len); int sched_trace_cfs_rq_cpu(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_rt(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_dl(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_irq(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu_capacity(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_nr_running(struct rq *rq); const struct cpumask *sched_trace_rd_span(struct root_domain *rd); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* interrupt.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_INTERRUPT_H #define _LINUX_INTERRUPT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/irqreturn.h> #include <linux/irqnr.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/ptrace.h> #include <asm/irq.h> #include <asm/sections.h> /* * These correspond to the IORESOURCE_IRQ_* defines in * linux/ioport.h to select the interrupt line behaviour. When * requesting an interrupt without specifying a IRQF_TRIGGER, the * setting should be assumed to be "as already configured", which * may be as per machine or firmware initialisation. */ #define IRQF_TRIGGER_NONE 0x00000000 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING 0x00000001 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING 0x00000002 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH 0x00000004 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW 0x00000008 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK (IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH | IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW | \ IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING | IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING) #define IRQF_TRIGGER_PROBE 0x00000010 /* * These flags used only by the kernel as part of the * irq handling routines. * * IRQF_SHARED - allow sharing the irq among several devices * IRQF_PROBE_SHARED - set by callers when they expect sharing mismatches to occur * IRQF_TIMER - Flag to mark this interrupt as timer interrupt * IRQF_PERCPU - Interrupt is per cpu * IRQF_NOBALANCING - Flag to exclude this interrupt from irq balancing * IRQF_IRQPOLL - Interrupt is used for polling (only the interrupt that is * registered first in a shared interrupt is considered for * performance reasons) * IRQF_ONESHOT - Interrupt is not reenabled after the hardirq handler finished. * Used by threaded interrupts which need to keep the * irq line disabled until the threaded handler has been run. * IRQF_NO_SUSPEND - Do not disable this IRQ during suspend. Does not guarantee * that this interrupt will wake the system from a suspended * state. See Documentation/power/suspend-and-interrupts.rst * IRQF_FORCE_RESUME - Force enable it on resume even if IRQF_NO_SUSPEND is set * IRQF_NO_THREAD - Interrupt cannot be threaded * IRQF_EARLY_RESUME - Resume IRQ early during syscore instead of at device * resume time. * IRQF_COND_SUSPEND - If the IRQ is shared with a NO_SUSPEND user, execute this * interrupt handler after suspending interrupts. For system * wakeup devices users need to implement wakeup detection in * their interrupt handlers. */ #define IRQF_SHARED 0x00000080 #define IRQF_PROBE_SHARED 0x00000100 #define __IRQF_TIMER 0x00000200 #define IRQF_PERCPU 0x00000400 #define IRQF_NOBALANCING 0x00000800 #define IRQF_IRQPOLL 0x00001000 #define IRQF_ONESHOT 0x00002000 #define IRQF_NO_SUSPEND 0x00004000 #define IRQF_FORCE_RESUME 0x00008000 #define IRQF_NO_THREAD 0x00010000 #define IRQF_EARLY_RESUME 0x00020000 #define IRQF_COND_SUSPEND 0x00040000 #define IRQF_TIMER (__IRQF_TIMER | IRQF_NO_SUSPEND | IRQF_NO_THREAD) /* * These values can be returned by request_any_context_irq() and * describe the context the interrupt will be run in. * * IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ - interrupt runs in hardirq context * IRQC_IS_NESTED - interrupt runs in a nested threaded context */ enum { IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ = 0, IRQC_IS_NESTED, }; typedef irqreturn_t (*irq_handler_t)(int, void *); /** * struct irqaction - per interrupt action descriptor * @handler: interrupt handler function * @name: name of the device * @dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @percpu_dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @next: pointer to the next irqaction for shared interrupts * @irq: interrupt number * @flags: flags (see IRQF_* above) * @thread_fn: interrupt handler function for threaded interrupts * @thread: thread pointer for threaded interrupts * @secondary: pointer to secondary irqaction (force threading) * @thread_flags: flags related to @thread * @thread_mask: bitmask for keeping track of @thread activity * @dir: pointer to the proc/irq/NN/name entry */ struct irqaction { irq_handler_t handler; void *dev_id; void __percpu *percpu_dev_id; struct irqaction *next; irq_handler_t thread_fn; struct task_struct *thread; struct irqaction *secondary; unsigned int irq; unsigned int flags; unsigned long thread_flags; unsigned long thread_mask; const char *name; struct proc_dir_entry *dir; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; extern irqreturn_t no_action(int cpl, void *dev_id); /* * If a (PCI) device interrupt is not connected we set dev->irq to * IRQ_NOTCONNECTED. This causes request_irq() to fail with -ENOTCONN, so we * can distingiush that case from other error returns. * * 0x80000000 is guaranteed to be outside the available range of interrupts * and easy to distinguish from other possible incorrect values. */ #define IRQ_NOTCONNECTED (1U << 31) extern int __must_check request_threaded_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); /** * request_irq - Add a handler for an interrupt line * @irq: The interrupt line to allocate * @handler: Function to be called when the IRQ occurs. * Primary handler for threaded interrupts * If NULL, the default primary handler is installed * @flags: Handling flags * @name: Name of the device generating this interrupt * @dev: A cookie passed to the handler function * * This call allocates an interrupt and establishes a handler; see * the documentation for request_threaded_irq() for details. */ static inline int __must_check request_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev) { return request_threaded_irq(irq, handler, NULL, flags, name, dev); } extern int __must_check request_any_context_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev_id); extern int __must_check __request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); extern int __must_check request_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); static inline int __must_check request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id) { return __request_percpu_irq(irq, handler, 0, devname, percpu_dev_id); } extern int __must_check request_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *dev); extern const void *free_irq(unsigned int, void *); extern void free_percpu_irq(unsigned int, void __percpu *); extern const void *free_nmi(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void free_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); struct device; extern int __must_check devm_request_threaded_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); static inline int __must_check devm_request_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id) { return devm_request_threaded_irq(dev, irq, handler, NULL, irqflags, devname, dev_id); } extern int __must_check devm_request_any_context_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); extern void devm_free_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); /* * On lockdep we dont want to enable hardirqs in hardirq * context. Use local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() to annotate * kernel code that has to do this nevertheless (pretty much * the only valid case is for old/broken hardware that is * insanely slow). * * NOTE: in theory this might break fragile code that relies * on hardirq delivery - in practice we dont seem to have such * places left. So the only effect should be slightly increased * irqs-off latencies. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() do { } while (0) #else # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() local_irq_enable() #endif extern void disable_irq_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern bool disable_hardirq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern bool irq_percpu_is_enabled(unsigned int irq); extern void irq_wake_thread(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void disable_nmi_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern int prepare_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void teardown_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_inject_interrupt(unsigned int irq); /* The following three functions are for the core kernel use only. */ extern void suspend_device_irqs(void); extern void resume_device_irqs(void); extern void rearm_wake_irq(unsigned int irq); /** * struct irq_affinity_notify - context for notification of IRQ affinity changes * @irq: Interrupt to which notification applies * @kref: Reference count, for internal use * @work: Work item, for internal use * @notify: Function to be called on change. This will be * called in process context. * @release: Function to be called on release. This will be * called in process context. Once registered, the * structure must only be freed when this function is * called or later. */ struct irq_affinity_notify { unsigned int irq; struct kref kref; struct work_struct work; void (*notify)(struct irq_affinity_notify *, const cpumask_t *mask); void (*release)(struct kref *ref); }; #define IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS 4 /** * struct irq_affinity - Description for automatic irq affinity assignements * @pre_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @pre_vectors at beginning of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @post_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @post_vectors at end of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @nr_sets: The number of interrupt sets for which affinity * spreading is required * @set_size: Array holding the size of each interrupt set * @calc_sets: Callback for calculating the number and size * of interrupt sets * @priv: Private data for usage by @calc_sets, usually a * pointer to driver/device specific data. */ struct irq_affinity { unsigned int pre_vectors; unsigned int post_vectors; unsigned int nr_sets; unsigned int set_size[IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS]; void (*calc_sets)(struct irq_affinity *, unsigned int nvecs); void *priv; }; /** * struct irq_affinity_desc - Interrupt affinity descriptor * @mask: cpumask to hold the affinity assignment * @is_managed: 1 if the interrupt is managed internally */ struct irq_affinity_desc { struct cpumask mask; unsigned int is_managed : 1; }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) extern cpumask_var_t irq_default_affinity; /* Internal implementation. Use the helpers below */ extern int __irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask, bool force); /** * irq_set_affinity - Set the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Fails if cpumask does not contain an online CPU */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, false); } /** * irq_force_affinity - Force the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Same as irq_set_affinity, but without checking the mask against * online cpus. * * Solely for low level cpu hotplug code, where we need to make per * cpu interrupts affine before the cpu becomes online. */ static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, true); } extern int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m); extern int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify); struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd); unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return 0; } static inline int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify) { return 0; } static inline struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd) { return NULL; } static inline unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd) { return maxvec; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * Special lockdep variants of irq disabling/enabling. * These should be used for locking constructs that * know that a particular irq context which is disabled, * and which is the only irq-context user of a lock, * that it's safe to take the lock in the irq-disabled * section without disabling hardirqs. * * On !CONFIG_LOCKDEP they are equivalent to the normal * irq disable/enable methods. */ static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep_irqsave(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_save(*flags); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_enable(); #endif enable_irq(irq); } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep_irqrestore(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_restore(*flags); #endif enable_irq(irq); } /* IRQ wakeup (PM) control: */ extern int irq_set_irq_wake(unsigned int irq, unsigned int on); static inline int enable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 1); } static inline int disable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 0); } /* * irq_get_irqchip_state/irq_set_irqchip_state specific flags */ enum irqchip_irq_state { IRQCHIP_STATE_PENDING, /* Is interrupt pending? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE, /* Is interrupt in progress? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_MASKED, /* Is interrupt masked? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_LINE_LEVEL, /* Is IRQ line high? */ }; extern int irq_get_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool *state); extern int irq_set_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool state); #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_FORCED_THREADING # ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT # define force_irqthreads (true) # else extern bool force_irqthreads; # endif #else #define force_irqthreads (0) #endif #ifndef local_softirq_pending #ifndef local_softirq_pending_ref #define local_softirq_pending_ref irq_stat.__softirq_pending #endif #define local_softirq_pending() (__this_cpu_read(local_softirq_pending_ref)) #define set_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_write(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #define or_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_or(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #endif /* local_softirq_pending */ /* Some architectures might implement lazy enabling/disabling of * interrupts. In some cases, such as stop_machine, we might want * to ensure that after a local_irq_disable(), interrupts have * really been disabled in hardware. Such architectures need to * implement the following hook. */ #ifndef hard_irq_disable #define hard_irq_disable() do { } while(0) #endif /* PLEASE, avoid to allocate new softirqs, if you need not _really_ high frequency threaded job scheduling. For almost all the purposes tasklets are more than enough. F.e. all serial device BHs et al. should be converted to tasklets, not to softirqs. */ enum { HI_SOFTIRQ=0, TIMER_SOFTIRQ, NET_TX_SOFTIRQ, NET_RX_SOFTIRQ, BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, IRQ_POLL_SOFTIRQ, TASKLET_SOFTIRQ, SCHED_SOFTIRQ, HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ, RCU_SOFTIRQ, /* Preferable RCU should always be the last softirq */ NR_SOFTIRQS }; #define SOFTIRQ_STOP_IDLE_MASK (~(1 << RCU_SOFTIRQ)) /* map softirq index to softirq name. update 'softirq_to_name' in * kernel/softirq.c when adding a new softirq. */ extern const char * const softirq_to_name[NR_SOFTIRQS]; /* softirq mask and active fields moved to irq_cpustat_t in * asm/hardirq.h to get better cache usage. KAO */ struct softirq_action { void (*action)(struct softirq_action *); }; asmlinkage void do_softirq(void); asmlinkage void __do_softirq(void); #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_DO_SOFTIRQ void do_softirq_own_stack(void); #else static inline void do_softirq_own_stack(void) { __do_softirq(); } #endif extern void open_softirq(int nr, void (*action)(struct softirq_action *)); extern void softirq_init(void); extern void __raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq(unsigned int nr); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, ksoftirqd); static inline struct task_struct *this_cpu_ksoftirqd(void) { return this_cpu_read(ksoftirqd); } /* Tasklets --- multithreaded analogue of BHs. This API is deprecated. Please consider using threaded IRQs instead: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200716081538.2sivhkj4hcyrusem@linutronix.de Main feature differing them of generic softirqs: tasklet is running only on one CPU simultaneously. Main feature differing them of BHs: different tasklets may be run simultaneously on different CPUs. Properties: * If tasklet_schedule() is called, then tasklet is guaranteed to be executed on some cpu at least once after this. * If the tasklet is already scheduled, but its execution is still not started, it will be executed only once. * If this tasklet is already running on another CPU (or schedule is called from tasklet itself), it is rescheduled for later. * Tasklet is strictly serialized wrt itself, but not wrt another tasklets. If client needs some intertask synchronization, he makes it with spinlocks. */ struct tasklet_struct { struct tasklet_struct *next; unsigned long state; atomic_t count; bool use_callback; union { void (*func)(unsigned long data); void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *t); }; unsigned long data; }; #define DECLARE_TASKLET(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define from_tasklet(var, callback_tasklet, tasklet_fieldname) \ container_of(callback_tasklet, typeof(*var), tasklet_fieldname) #define DECLARE_TASKLET_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .func = _func, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .func = _func, \ } enum { TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, /* Tasklet is scheduled for execution */ TASKLET_STATE_RUN /* Tasklet is running (SMP only) */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline int tasklet_trylock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { return !test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock_wait(struct tasklet_struct *t) { while (test_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state)) { barrier(); } } #else #define tasklet_trylock(t) 1 #define tasklet_unlock_wait(t) do { } while (0) #define tasklet_unlock(t) do { } while (0) #endif extern void __tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_schedule(t); } extern void __tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_hi_schedule(t); } static inline void tasklet_disable_nosync(struct tasklet_struct *t) { atomic_inc(&t->count); smp_mb__after_atomic(); } static inline void tasklet_disable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { tasklet_disable_nosync(t); tasklet_unlock_wait(t); smp_mb(); } static inline void tasklet_enable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&t->count); } extern void tasklet_kill(struct tasklet_struct *t); extern void tasklet_kill_immediate(struct tasklet_struct *t, unsigned int cpu); extern void tasklet_init(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*func)(unsigned long), unsigned long data); extern void tasklet_setup(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *)); /* * Autoprobing for irqs: * * probe_irq_on() and probe_irq_off() provide robust primitives * for accurate IRQ probing during kernel initialization. They are * reasonably simple to use, are not "fooled" by spurious interrupts, * and, unlike other attempts at IRQ probing, they do not get hung on * stuck interrupts (such as unused PS2 mouse interfaces on ASUS boards). * * For reasonably foolproof probing, use them as follows: * * 1. clear and/or mask the device's internal interrupt. * 2. sti(); * 3. irqs = probe_irq_on(); // "take over" all unassigned idle IRQs * 4. enable the device and cause it to trigger an interrupt. * 5. wait for the device to interrupt, using non-intrusive polling or a delay. * 6. irq = probe_irq_off(irqs); // get IRQ number, 0=none, negative=multiple * 7. service the device to clear its pending interrupt. * 8. loop again if paranoia is required. * * probe_irq_on() returns a mask of allocated irq's. * * probe_irq_off() takes the mask as a parameter, * and returns the irq number which occurred, * or zero if none occurred, or a negative irq number * if more than one irq occurred. */ #if !defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_IRQ_PROBE) static inline unsigned long probe_irq_on(void) { return 0; } static inline int probe_irq_off(unsigned long val) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long val) { return 0; } #else extern unsigned long probe_irq_on(void); /* returns 0 on failure */ extern int probe_irq_off(unsigned long); /* returns 0 or negative on failure */ extern unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long); /* returns mask of ISA interrupts */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS /* Initialize /proc/irq/ */ extern void init_irq_proc(void); #else static inline void init_irq_proc(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIMINGS void irq_timings_enable(void); void irq_timings_disable(void); u64 irq_timings_next_event(u64 now); #endif struct seq_file; int show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, void *v); int arch_show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, int prec); extern int early_irq_init(void); extern int arch_probe_nr_irqs(void); extern int arch_early_irq_init(void); /* * We want to know which function is an entrypoint of a hardirq or a softirq. */ #ifndef __irq_entry # define __irq_entry __section(".irqentry.text") #endif #define __softirq_entry __section(".softirqentry.text") #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_FRAG_H__ #define __NET_FRAG_H__ #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/completion.h> /* Per netns frag queues directory */ struct fqdir { /* sysctls */ long high_thresh; long low_thresh; int timeout; int max_dist; struct inet_frags *f; struct net *net; bool dead; struct rhashtable rhashtable ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Keep atomic mem on separate cachelines in structs that include it */ atomic_long_t mem ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct work_struct destroy_work; }; /** * fragment queue flags * * @INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN: first fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_LAST_IN: final fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_COMPLETE: frag queue has been processed and is due for destruction * @INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD: inet_frag_kill() has not removed fq from rhashtable */ enum { INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN = BIT(0), INET_FRAG_LAST_IN = BIT(1), INET_FRAG_COMPLETE = BIT(2), INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD = BIT(3), }; struct frag_v4_compare_key { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; u32 user; u32 vif; __be16 id; u16 protocol; }; struct frag_v6_compare_key { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_addr daddr; u32 user; __be32 id; u32 iif; }; /** * struct inet_frag_queue - fragment queue * * @node: rhash node * @key: keys identifying this frag. * @timer: queue expiration timer * @lock: spinlock protecting this frag * @refcnt: reference count of the queue * @rb_fragments: received fragments rb-tree root * @fragments_tail: received fragments tail * @last_run_head: the head of the last "run". see ip_fragment.c * @stamp: timestamp of the last received fragment * @len: total length of the original datagram * @meat: length of received fragments so far * @flags: fragment queue flags * @max_size: maximum received fragment size * @fqdir: pointer to struct fqdir * @rcu: rcu head for freeing deferall */ struct inet_frag_queue { struct rhash_head node; union { struct frag_v4_compare_key v4; struct frag_v6_compare_key v6; } key; struct timer_list timer; spinlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; struct rb_root rb_fragments; struct sk_buff *fragments_tail; struct sk_buff *last_run_head; ktime_t stamp; int len; int meat; __u8 flags; u16 max_size; struct fqdir *fqdir; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct inet_frags { unsigned int qsize; void (*constructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *q, const void *arg); void (*destructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *); void (*frag_expire)(struct timer_list *t); struct kmem_cache *frags_cachep; const char *frags_cache_name; struct rhashtable_params rhash_params; refcount_t refcnt; struct completion completion; }; int inet_frags_init(struct inet_frags *); void inet_frags_fini(struct inet_frags *); int fqdir_init(struct fqdir **fqdirp, struct inet_frags *f, struct net *net); static inline void fqdir_pre_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir) { fqdir->high_thresh = 0; /* prevent creation of new frags */ fqdir->dead = true; } void fqdir_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir); void inet_frag_kill(struct inet_frag_queue *q); void inet_frag_destroy(struct inet_frag_queue *q); struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_find(struct fqdir *fqdir, void *key); /* Free all skbs in the queue; return the sum of their truesizes. */ unsigned int inet_frag_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); static inline void inet_frag_put(struct inet_frag_queue *q) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&q->refcnt)) inet_frag_destroy(q); } /* Memory Tracking Functions. */ static inline long frag_mem_limit(const struct fqdir *fqdir) { return atomic_long_read(&fqdir->mem); } static inline void sub_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_sub(val, &fqdir->mem); } static inline void add_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_add(val, &fqdir->mem); } /* RFC 3168 support : * We want to check ECN values of all fragments, do detect invalid combinations. * In ipq->ecn, we store the OR value of each ip4_frag_ecn() fragment value. */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_NOT_ECT 0x01 /* one frag had ECN_NOT_ECT */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_1 0x02 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_1 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_0 0x04 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_0 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_CE 0x08 /* one frag had ECN_CE */ extern const u8 ip_frag_ecn_table[16]; /* Return values of inet_frag_queue_insert() */ #define IPFRAG_OK 0 #define IPFRAG_DUP 1 #define IPFRAG_OVERLAP 2 int inet_frag_queue_insert(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int end); void *inet_frag_reasm_prepare(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *parent); void inet_frag_reasm_finish(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *head, void *reasm_data, bool try_coalesce); struct sk_buff *inet_frag_pull_head(struct inet_frag_queue *q); #endif
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Performance events core code: * * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * Copyright © 2009 Paul Mackerras, IBM Corp. <paulus@au1.ibm.com> */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/tick.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/reboot.h> #include <linux/vmstat.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/trace_events.h> #include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/bpf.h> #include <linux/filter.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/parser.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/min_heap.h> #include "internal.h" #include <asm/irq_regs.h> typedef int (*remote_function_f)(void *); struct remote_function_call { struct task_struct *p; remote_function_f func; void *info; int ret; }; static void remote_function(void *data) { struct remote_function_call *tfc = data; struct task_struct *p = tfc->p; if (p) { /* -EAGAIN */ if (task_cpu(p) != smp_processor_id()) return; /* * Now that we're on right CPU with IRQs disabled, we can test * if we hit the right task without races. */ tfc->ret = -ESRCH; /* No such (running) process */ if (p != current) return; } tfc->ret = tfc->func(tfc->info); } /** * task_function_call - call a function on the cpu on which a task runs * @p: the task to evaluate * @func: the function to be called * @info: the function call argument * * Calls the function @func when the task is currently running. This might * be on the current CPU, which just calls the function directly. This will * retry due to any failures in smp_call_function_single(), such as if the * task_cpu() goes offline concurrently. * * returns @func return value or -ESRCH or -ENXIO when the process isn't running */ static int task_function_call(struct task_struct *p, remote_function_f func, void *info) { struct remote_function_call data = { .p = p, .func = func, .info = info, .ret = -EAGAIN, }; int ret; for (;;) { ret = smp_call_function_single(task_cpu(p), remote_function, &data, 1); if (!ret) ret = data.ret; if (ret != -EAGAIN) break; cond_resched(); } return ret; } /** * cpu_function_call - call a function on the cpu * @func: the function to be called * @info: the function call argument * * Calls the function @func on the remote cpu. * * returns: @func return value or -ENXIO when the cpu is offline */ static int cpu_function_call(int cpu, remote_function_f func, void *info) { struct remote_function_call data = { .p = NULL, .func = func, .info = info, .ret = -ENXIO, /* No such CPU */ }; smp_call_function_single(cpu, remote_function, &data, 1); return data.ret; } static inline struct perf_cpu_context * __get_cpu_context(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { return this_cpu_ptr(ctx->pmu->pmu_cpu_context); } static void perf_ctx_lock(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { raw_spin_lock(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); if (ctx) raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); } static void perf_ctx_unlock(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { if (ctx) raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); raw_spin_unlock(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); } #define TASK_TOMBSTONE ((void *)-1L) static bool is_kernel_event(struct perf_event *event) { return READ_ONCE(event->owner) == TASK_TOMBSTONE; } /* * On task ctx scheduling... * * When !ctx->nr_events a task context will not be scheduled. This means * we can disable the scheduler hooks (for performance) without leaving * pending task ctx state. * * This however results in two special cases: * * - removing the last event from a task ctx; this is relatively straight * forward and is done in __perf_remove_from_context. * * - adding the first event to a task ctx; this is tricky because we cannot * rely on ctx->is_active and therefore cannot use event_function_call(). * See perf_install_in_context(). * * If ctx->nr_events, then ctx->is_active and cpuctx->task_ctx are set. */ typedef void (*event_f)(struct perf_event *, struct perf_cpu_context *, struct perf_event_context *, void *); struct event_function_struct { struct perf_event *event; event_f func; void *data; }; static int event_function(void *info) { struct event_function_struct *efs = info; struct perf_event *event = efs->event; struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); struct perf_event_context *task_ctx = cpuctx->task_ctx; int ret = 0; lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, task_ctx); /* * Since we do the IPI call without holding ctx->lock things can have * changed, double check we hit the task we set out to hit. */ if (ctx->task) { if (ctx->task != current) { ret = -ESRCH; goto unlock; } /* * We only use event_function_call() on established contexts, * and event_function() is only ever called when active (or * rather, we'll have bailed in task_function_call() or the * above ctx->task != current test), therefore we must have * ctx->is_active here. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!ctx->is_active); /* * And since we have ctx->is_active, cpuctx->task_ctx must * match. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(task_ctx != ctx); } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(&cpuctx->ctx != ctx); } efs->func(event, cpuctx, ctx, efs->data); unlock: perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, task_ctx); return ret; } static void event_function_call(struct perf_event *event, event_f func, void *data) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct task_struct *task = READ_ONCE(ctx->task); /* verified in event_function */ struct event_function_struct efs = { .event = event, .func = func, .data = data, }; if (!event->parent) { /* * If this is a !child event, we must hold ctx::mutex to * stabilize the the event->ctx relation. See * perf_event_ctx_lock(). */ lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->mutex); } if (!task) { cpu_function_call(event->cpu, event_function, &efs); return; } if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) return; again: if (!task_function_call(task, event_function, &efs)) return; raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); /* * Reload the task pointer, it might have been changed by * a concurrent perf_event_context_sched_out(). */ task = ctx->task; if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } if (ctx->is_active) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); goto again; } func(event, NULL, ctx, data); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); } /* * Similar to event_function_call() + event_function(), but hard assumes IRQs * are already disabled and we're on the right CPU. */ static void event_function_local(struct perf_event *event, event_f func, void *data) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); struct task_struct *task = READ_ONCE(ctx->task); struct perf_event_context *task_ctx = NULL; lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); if (task) { if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) return; task_ctx = ctx; } perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, task_ctx); task = ctx->task; if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) goto unlock; if (task) { /* * We must be either inactive or active and the right task, * otherwise we're screwed, since we cannot IPI to somewhere * else. */ if (ctx->is_active) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(task != current)) goto unlock; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx)) goto unlock; } } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(&cpuctx->ctx != ctx); } func(event, cpuctx, ctx, data); unlock: perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, task_ctx); } #define PERF_FLAG_ALL (PERF_FLAG_FD_NO_GROUP |\ PERF_FLAG_FD_OUTPUT |\ PERF_FLAG_PID_CGROUP |\ PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC) /* * branch priv levels that need permission checks */ #define PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_PERM_PLM \ (PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_KERNEL |\ PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_HV) enum event_type_t { EVENT_FLEXIBLE = 0x1, EVENT_PINNED = 0x2, EVENT_TIME = 0x4, /* see ctx_resched() for details */ EVENT_CPU = 0x8, EVENT_ALL = EVENT_FLEXIBLE | EVENT_PINNED, }; /* * perf_sched_events : >0 events exist * perf_cgroup_events: >0 per-cpu cgroup events exist on this cpu */ static void perf_sched_delayed(struct work_struct *work); DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(perf_sched_events); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(perf_sched_work, perf_sched_delayed); static DEFINE_MUTEX(perf_sched_mutex); static atomic_t perf_sched_count; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, perf_cgroup_events); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, perf_sched_cb_usages); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pmu_event_list, pmu_sb_events); static atomic_t nr_mmap_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_comm_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_namespaces_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_task_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_freq_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_switch_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_ksymbol_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_bpf_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_cgroup_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_text_poke_events __read_mostly; static LIST_HEAD(pmus); static DEFINE_MUTEX(pmus_lock); static struct srcu_struct pmus_srcu; static cpumask_var_t perf_online_mask; /* * perf event paranoia level: * -1 - not paranoid at all * 0 - disallow raw tracepoint access for unpriv * 1 - disallow cpu events for unpriv * 2 - disallow kernel profiling for unpriv */ int sysctl_perf_event_paranoid __read_mostly = 2; /* Minimum for 512 kiB + 1 user control page */ int sysctl_perf_event_mlock __read_mostly = 512 + (PAGE_SIZE / 1024); /* 'free' kiB per user */ /* * max perf event sample rate */ #define DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE 100000 #define DEFAULT_SAMPLE_PERIOD_NS (NSEC_PER_SEC / DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE) #define DEFAULT_CPU_TIME_MAX_PERCENT 25 int sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate __read_mostly = DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE; static int max_samples_per_tick __read_mostly = DIV_ROUND_UP(DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE, HZ); static int perf_sample_period_ns __read_mostly = DEFAULT_SAMPLE_PERIOD_NS; static int perf_sample_allowed_ns __read_mostly = DEFAULT_SAMPLE_PERIOD_NS * DEFAULT_CPU_TIME_MAX_PERCENT / 100; static void update_perf_cpu_limits(void) { u64 tmp = perf_sample_period_ns; tmp *= sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; tmp = div_u64(tmp, 100); if (!tmp) tmp = 1; WRITE_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns, tmp); } static bool perf_rotate_context(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx); int perf_proc_update_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; int perf_cpu = sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; /* * If throttling is disabled don't allow the write: */ if (write && (perf_cpu == 100 || perf_cpu == 0)) return -EINVAL; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || !write) return ret; max_samples_per_tick = DIV_ROUND_UP(sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate, HZ); perf_sample_period_ns = NSEC_PER_SEC / sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate; update_perf_cpu_limits(); return 0; } int sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent __read_mostly = DEFAULT_CPU_TIME_MAX_PERCENT; int perf_cpu_time_max_percent_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || !write) return ret; if (sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent == 100 || sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent == 0) { printk(KERN_WARNING "perf: Dynamic interrupt throttling disabled, can hang your system!\n"); WRITE_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns, 0); } else { update_perf_cpu_limits(); } return 0; } /* * perf samples are done in some very critical code paths (NMIs). * If they take too much CPU time, the system can lock up and not * get any real work done. This will drop the sample rate when * we detect that events are taking too long. */ #define NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES 128 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, running_sample_length); static u64 __report_avg; static u64 __report_allowed; static void perf_duration_warn(struct irq_work *w) { printk_ratelimited(KERN_INFO "perf: interrupt took too long (%lld > %lld), lowering " "kernel.perf_event_max_sample_rate to %d\n", __report_avg, __report_allowed, sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate); } static DEFINE_IRQ_WORK(perf_duration_work, perf_duration_warn); void perf_sample_event_took(u64 sample_len_ns) { u64 max_len = READ_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns); u64 running_len; u64 avg_len; u32 max; if (max_len == 0) return; /* Decay the counter by 1 average sample. */ running_len = __this_cpu_read(running_sample_length); running_len -= running_len/NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES; running_len += sample_len_ns; __this_cpu_write(running_sample_length, running_len); /* * Note: this will be biased artifically low until we have * seen NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES. Doing it this way keeps us * from having to maintain a count. */ avg_len = running_len/NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES; if (avg_len <= max_len) return; __report_avg = avg_len; __report_allowed = max_len; /* * Compute a throttle threshold 25% below the current duration. */ avg_len += avg_len / 4; max = (TICK_NSEC / 100) * sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; if (avg_len < max) max /= (u32)avg_len; else max = 1; WRITE_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns, avg_len); WRITE_ONCE(max_samples_per_tick, max); sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate = max * HZ; perf_sample_period_ns = NSEC_PER_SEC / sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate; if (!irq_work_queue(&perf_duration_work)) { early_printk("perf: interrupt took too long (%lld > %lld), lowering " "kernel.perf_event_max_sample_rate to %d\n", __report_avg, __report_allowed, sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate); } } static atomic64_t perf_event_id; static void cpu_ctx_sched_out(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type); static void cpu_ctx_sched_in(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type, struct task_struct *task); static void update_context_time(struct perf_event_context *ctx); static u64 perf_event_time(struct perf_event *event); void __weak perf_event_print_debug(void) { } extern __weak const char *perf_pmu_name(void) { return "pmu"; } static inline u64 perf_clock(void) { return local_clock(); } static inline u64 perf_event_clock(struct perf_event *event) { return event->clock(); } /* * State based event timekeeping... * * The basic idea is to use event->state to determine which (if any) time * fields to increment with the current delta. This means we only need to * update timestamps when we change state or when they are explicitly requested * (read). * * Event groups make things a little more complicated, but not terribly so. The * rules for a group are that if the group leader is OFF the entire group is * OFF, irrespecive of what the group member states are. This results in * __perf_effective_state(). * * A futher ramification is that when a group leader flips between OFF and * !OFF, we need to update all group member times. * * * NOTE: perf_event_time() is based on the (cgroup) context time, and thus we * need to make sure the relevant context time is updated before we try and * update our timestamps. */ static __always_inline enum perf_event_state __perf_effective_state(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader; if (leader->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) return leader->state; return event->state; } static __always_inline void __perf_update_times(struct perf_event *event, u64 now, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { enum perf_event_state state = __perf_effective_state(event); u64 delta = now - event->tstamp; *enabled = event->total_time_enabled; if (state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) *enabled += delta; *running = event->total_time_running; if (state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) *running += delta; } static void perf_event_update_time(struct perf_event *event) { u64 now = perf_event_time(event); __perf_update_times(event, now, &event->total_time_enabled, &event->total_time_running); event->tstamp = now; } static void perf_event_update_sibling_time(struct perf_event *leader) { struct perf_event *sibling; for_each_sibling_event(sibling, leader) perf_event_update_time(sibling); } static void perf_event_set_state(struct perf_event *event, enum perf_event_state state) { if (event->state == state) return; perf_event_update_time(event); /* * If a group leader gets enabled/disabled all its siblings * are affected too. */ if ((event->state < 0) ^ (state < 0)) perf_event_update_sibling_time(event); WRITE_ONCE(event->state, state); } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF static inline bool perf_cgroup_match(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); /* @event doesn't care about cgroup */ if (!event->cgrp) return true; /* wants specific cgroup scope but @cpuctx isn't associated with any */ if (!cpuctx->cgrp) return false; /* * Cgroup scoping is recursive. An event enabled for a cgroup is * also enabled for all its descendant cgroups. If @cpuctx's * cgroup is a descendant of @event's (the test covers identity * case), it's a match. */ return cgroup_is_descendant(cpuctx->cgrp->css.cgroup, event->cgrp->css.cgroup); } static inline void perf_detach_cgroup(struct perf_event *event) { css_put(&event->cgrp->css); event->cgrp = NULL; } static inline int is_cgroup_event(struct perf_event *event) { return event->cgrp != NULL; } static inline u64 perf_cgroup_event_time(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_cgroup_info *t; t = per_cpu_ptr(event->cgrp->info, event->cpu); return t->time; } static inline void __update_cgrp_time(struct perf_cgroup *cgrp) { struct perf_cgroup_info *info; u64 now; now = perf_clock(); info = this_cpu_ptr(cgrp->info); info->time += now - info->timestamp; info->timestamp = now; } static inline void update_cgrp_time_from_cpuctx(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx) { struct perf_cgroup *cgrp = cpuctx->cgrp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; if (cgrp) { for (css = &cgrp->css; css; css = css->parent) { cgrp = container_of(css, struct perf_cgroup, css); __update_cgrp_time(cgrp); } } } static inline void update_cgrp_time_from_event(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; /* * ensure we access cgroup data only when needed and * when we know the cgroup is pinned (css_get) */ if (!is_cgroup_event(event)) return; cgrp = perf_cgroup_from_task(current, event->ctx); /* * Do not update time when cgroup is not active */ if (cgroup_is_descendant(cgrp->css.cgroup, event->cgrp->css.cgroup)) __update_cgrp_time(event->cgrp); } static inline void perf_cgroup_set_timestamp(struct task_struct *task, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; struct perf_cgroup_info *info; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; /* * ctx->lock held by caller * ensure we do not access cgroup data * unless we have the cgroup pinned (css_get) */ if (!task || !ctx->nr_cgroups) return; cgrp = perf_cgroup_from_task(task, ctx); for (css = &cgrp->css; css; css = css->parent) { cgrp = container_of(css, struct perf_cgroup, css); info = this_cpu_ptr(cgrp->info); info->timestamp = ctx->timestamp; } } static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, cgrp_cpuctx_list); #define PERF_CGROUP_SWOUT 0x1 /* cgroup switch out every event */ #define PERF_CGROUP_SWIN 0x2 /* cgroup switch in events based on task */ /* * reschedule events based on the cgroup constraint of task. * * mode SWOUT : schedule out everything * mode SWIN : schedule in based on cgroup for next */ static void perf_cgroup_switch(struct task_struct *task, int mode) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; struct list_head *list; unsigned long flags; /* * Disable interrupts and preemption to avoid this CPU's * cgrp_cpuctx_entry to change under us. */ local_irq_save(flags); list = this_cpu_ptr(&cgrp_cpuctx_list); list_for_each_entry(cpuctx, list, cgrp_cpuctx_entry) { WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->ctx.nr_cgroups == 0); perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, cpuctx->task_ctx); perf_pmu_disable(cpuctx->ctx.pmu); if (mode & PERF_CGROUP_SWOUT) { cpu_ctx_sched_out(cpuctx, EVENT_ALL); /* * must not be done before ctxswout due * to event_filter_match() in event_sched_out() */ cpuctx->cgrp = NULL; } if (mode & PERF_CGROUP_SWIN) { WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->cgrp); /* * set cgrp before ctxsw in to allow * event_filter_match() to not have to pass * task around * we pass the cpuctx->ctx to perf_cgroup_from_task() * because cgorup events are only per-cpu */ cpuctx->cgrp = perf_cgroup_from_task(task, &cpuctx->ctx); cpu_ctx_sched_in(cpuctx, EVENT_ALL, task); } perf_pmu_enable(cpuctx->ctx.pmu); perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, cpuctx->task_ctx); } local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline void perf_cgroup_sched_out(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *next) { struct perf_cgroup *cgrp1; struct perf_cgroup *cgrp2 = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); /* * we come here when we know perf_cgroup_events > 0 * we do not need to pass the ctx here because we know * we are holding the rcu lock */ cgrp1 = perf_cgroup_from_task(task, NULL); cgrp2 = perf_cgroup_from_task(next, NULL); /* * only schedule out current cgroup events if we know * that we are switching to a different cgroup. Otherwise, * do no touch the cgroup events. */ if (cgrp1 != cgrp2) perf_cgroup_switch(task, PERF_CGROUP_SWOUT); rcu_read_unlock(); } static inline void perf_cgroup_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task) { struct perf_cgroup *cgrp1; struct perf_cgroup *cgrp2 = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); /* * we come here when we know perf_cgroup_events > 0 * we do not need to pass the ctx here because we know * we are holding the rcu lock */ cgrp1 = perf_cgroup_from_task(task, NULL); cgrp2 = perf_cgroup_from_task(prev, NULL); /* * only need to schedule in cgroup events if we are changing * cgroup during ctxsw. Cgroup events were not scheduled * out of ctxsw out if that was not the case. */ if (cgrp1 != cgrp2) perf_cgroup_switch(task, PERF_CGROUP_SWIN); rcu_read_unlock(); } static int perf_cgroup_ensure_storage(struct perf_event *event, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; struct perf_event **storage; int cpu, heap_size, ret = 0; /* * Allow storage to have sufficent space for an iterator for each * possibly nested cgroup plus an iterator for events with no cgroup. */ for (heap_size = 1; css; css = css->parent) heap_size++; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { cpuctx = per_cpu_ptr(event->pmu->pmu_cpu_context, cpu); if (heap_size <= cpuctx->heap_size) continue; storage = kmalloc_node(heap_size * sizeof(struct perf_event *), GFP_KERNEL, cpu_to_node(cpu)); if (!storage) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } raw_spin_lock_irq(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); if (cpuctx->heap_size < heap_size) { swap(cpuctx->heap, storage); if (storage == cpuctx->heap_default) storage = NULL; cpuctx->heap_size = heap_size; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); kfree(storage); } return ret; } static inline int perf_cgroup_connect(int fd, struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_attr *attr, struct perf_event *group_leader) { struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct fd f = fdget(fd); int ret = 0; if (!f.file) return -EBADF; css = css_tryget_online_from_dir(f.file->f_path.dentry, &perf_event_cgrp_subsys); if (IS_ERR(css)) { ret = PTR_ERR(css); goto out; } ret = perf_cgroup_ensure_storage(event, css); if (ret) goto out; cgrp = container_of(css, struct perf_cgroup, css); event->cgrp = cgrp; /* * all events in a group must monitor * the same cgroup because a task belongs * to only one perf cgroup at a time */ if (group_leader && group_leader->cgrp != cgrp) { perf_detach_cgroup(event); ret = -EINVAL; } out: fdput(f); return ret; } static inline void perf_cgroup_set_shadow_time(struct perf_event *event, u64 now) { struct perf_cgroup_info *t; t = per_cpu_ptr(event->cgrp->info, event->cpu); event->shadow_ctx_time = now - t->timestamp; } static inline void perf_cgroup_event_enable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; if (!is_cgroup_event(event)) return; /* * Because cgroup events are always per-cpu events, * @ctx == &cpuctx->ctx. */ cpuctx = container_of(ctx, struct perf_cpu_context, ctx); /* * Since setting cpuctx->cgrp is conditional on the current @cgrp * matching the event's cgroup, we must do this for every new event, * because if the first would mismatch, the second would not try again * and we would leave cpuctx->cgrp unset. */ if (ctx->is_active && !cpuctx->cgrp) { struct perf_cgroup *cgrp = perf_cgroup_from_task(current, ctx); if (cgroup_is_descendant(cgrp->css.cgroup, event->cgrp->css.cgroup)) cpuctx->cgrp = cgrp; } if (ctx->nr_cgroups++) return; list_add(&cpuctx->cgrp_cpuctx_entry, per_cpu_ptr(&cgrp_cpuctx_list, event->cpu)); } static inline void perf_cgroup_event_disable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; if (!is_cgroup_event(event)) return; /* * Because cgroup events are always per-cpu events, * @ctx == &cpuctx->ctx. */ cpuctx = container_of(ctx, struct perf_cpu_context, ctx); if (--ctx->nr_cgroups) return; if (ctx->is_active && cpuctx->cgrp) cpuctx->cgrp = NULL; list_del(&cpuctx->cgrp_cpuctx_entry); } #else /* !CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF */ static inline bool perf_cgroup_match(struct perf_event *event) { return true; } static inline void perf_detach_cgroup(struct perf_event *event) {} static inline int is_cgroup_event(struct perf_event *event) { return 0; } static inline void update_cgrp_time_from_event(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline void update_cgrp_time_from_cpuctx(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx) { } static inline void perf_cgroup_sched_out(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *next) { } static inline void perf_cgroup_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline int perf_cgroup_connect(pid_t pid, struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_attr *attr, struct perf_event *group_leader) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void perf_cgroup_set_timestamp(struct task_struct *task, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { } static inline void perf_cgroup_switch(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *next) { } static inline void perf_cgroup_set_shadow_time(struct perf_event *event, u64 now) { } static inline u64 perf_cgroup_event_time(struct perf_event *event) { return 0; } static inline void perf_cgroup_event_enable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { } static inline void perf_cgroup_event_disable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { } #endif /* * set default to be dependent on timer tick just * like original code */ #define PERF_CPU_HRTIMER (1000 / HZ) /* * function must be called with interrupts disabled */ static enum hrtimer_restart perf_mux_hrtimer_handler(struct hrtimer *hr) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; bool rotations; lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); cpuctx = container_of(hr, struct perf_cpu_context, hrtimer); rotations = perf_rotate_context(cpuctx); raw_spin_lock(&cpuctx->hrtimer_lock); if (rotations) hrtimer_forward_now(hr, cpuctx->hrtimer_interval); else cpuctx->hrtimer_active = 0; raw_spin_unlock(&cpuctx->hrtimer_lock); return rotations ? HRTIMER_RESTART : HRTIMER_NORESTART; } static void __perf_mux_hrtimer_init(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, int cpu) { struct hrtimer *timer = &cpuctx->hrtimer; struct pmu *pmu = cpuctx->ctx.pmu; u64 interval; /* no multiplexing needed for SW PMU */ if (pmu->task_ctx_nr == perf_sw_context) return; /* * check default is sane, if not set then force to * default interval (1/tick) */ interval = pmu->hrtimer_interval_ms; if (interval < 1) interval = pmu->hrtimer_interval_ms = PERF_CPU_HRTIMER; cpuctx->hrtimer_interval = ns_to_ktime(NSEC_PER_MSEC * interval); raw_spin_lock_init(&cpuctx->hrtimer_lock); hrtimer_init(timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD); timer->function = perf_mux_hrtimer_handler; } static int perf_mux_hrtimer_restart(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx) { struct hrtimer *timer = &cpuctx->hrtimer; struct pmu *pmu = cpuctx->ctx.pmu; unsigned long flags; /* not for SW PMU */ if (pmu->task_ctx_nr == perf_sw_context) return 0; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpuctx->hrtimer_lock, flags); if (!cpuctx->hrtimer_active) { cpuctx->hrtimer_active = 1; hrtimer_forward_now(timer, cpuctx->hrtimer_interval); hrtimer_start_expires(timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD); } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpuctx->hrtimer_lock, flags); return 0; } void perf_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu) { int *count = this_cpu_ptr(pmu->pmu_disable_count); if (!(*count)++) pmu->pmu_disable(pmu); } void perf_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu) { int *count = this_cpu_ptr(pmu->pmu_disable_count); if (!--(*count)) pmu->pmu_enable(pmu); } static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, active_ctx_list); /* * perf_event_ctx_activate(), perf_event_ctx_deactivate(), and * perf_event_task_tick() are fully serialized because they're strictly cpu * affine and perf_event_ctx{activate,deactivate} are called with IRQs * disabled, while perf_event_task_tick is called from IRQ context. */ static void perf_event_ctx_activate(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct list_head *head = this_cpu_ptr(&active_ctx_list); lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&ctx->active_ctx_list)); list_add(&ctx->active_ctx_list, head); } static void perf_event_ctx_deactivate(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); WARN_ON(list_empty(&ctx->active_ctx_list)); list_del_init(&ctx->active_ctx_list); } static void get_ctx(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { refcount_inc(&ctx->refcount); } static void *alloc_task_ctx_data(struct pmu *pmu) { if (pmu->task_ctx_cache) return kmem_cache_zalloc(pmu->task_ctx_cache, GFP_KERNEL); return NULL; } static void free_task_ctx_data(struct pmu *pmu, void *task_ctx_data) { if (pmu->task_ctx_cache && task_ctx_data) kmem_cache_free(pmu->task_ctx_cache, task_ctx_data); } static void free_ctx(struct rcu_head *head) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; ctx = container_of(head, struct perf_event_context, rcu_head); free_task_ctx_data(ctx->pmu, ctx->task_ctx_data); kfree(ctx); } static void put_ctx(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&ctx->refcount)) { if (ctx->parent_ctx) put_ctx(ctx->parent_ctx); if (ctx->task && ctx->task != TASK_TOMBSTONE) put_task_struct(ctx->task); call_rcu(&ctx->rcu_head, free_ctx); } } /* * Because of perf_event::ctx migration in sys_perf_event_open::move_group and * perf_pmu_migrate_context() we need some magic. * * Those places that change perf_event::ctx will hold both * perf_event_ctx::mutex of the 'old' and 'new' ctx value. * * Lock ordering is by mutex address. There are two other sites where * perf_event_context::mutex nests and those are: * * - perf_event_exit_task_context() [ child , 0 ] * perf_event_exit_event() * put_event() [ parent, 1 ] * * - perf_event_init_context() [ parent, 0 ] * inherit_task_group() * inherit_group() * inherit_event() * perf_event_alloc() * perf_init_event() * perf_try_init_event() [ child , 1 ] * * While it appears there is an obvious deadlock here -- the parent and child * nesting levels are inverted between the two. This is in fact safe because * life-time rules separate them. That is an exiting task cannot fork, and a * spawning task cannot (yet) exit. * * But remember that that these are parent<->child context relations, and * migration does not affect children, therefore these two orderings should not * interact. * * The change in perf_event::ctx does not affect children (as claimed above) * because the sys_perf_event_open() case will install a new event and break * the ctx parent<->child relation, and perf_pmu_migrate_context() is only * concerned with cpuctx and that doesn't have children. * * The places that change perf_event::ctx will issue: * * perf_remove_from_context(); * synchronize_rcu(); * perf_install_in_context(); * * to affect the change. The remove_from_context() + synchronize_rcu() should * quiesce the event, after which we can install it in the new location. This * means that only external vectors (perf_fops, prctl) can perturb the event * while in transit. Therefore all such accessors should also acquire * perf_event_context::mutex to serialize against this. * * However; because event->ctx can change while we're waiting to acquire * ctx->mutex we must be careful and use the below perf_event_ctx_lock() * function. * * Lock order: * exec_update_lock * task_struct::perf_event_mutex * perf_event_context::mutex * perf_event::child_mutex; * perf_event_context::lock * perf_event::mmap_mutex * mmap_lock * perf_addr_filters_head::lock * * cpu_hotplug_lock * pmus_lock * cpuctx->mutex / perf_event_context::mutex */ static struct perf_event_context * perf_event_ctx_lock_nested(struct perf_event *event, int nesting) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; again: rcu_read_lock(); ctx = READ_ONCE(event->ctx); if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&ctx->refcount)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto again; } rcu_read_unlock(); mutex_lock_nested(&ctx->mutex, nesting); if (event->ctx != ctx) { mutex_unlock(&ctx->mutex); put_ctx(ctx); goto again; } return ctx; } static inline struct perf_event_context * perf_event_ctx_lock(struct perf_event *event) { return perf_event_ctx_lock_nested(event, 0); } static void perf_event_ctx_unlock(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { mutex_unlock(&ctx->mutex); put_ctx(ctx); } /* * This must be done under the ctx->lock, such as to serialize against * context_equiv(), therefore we cannot call put_ctx() since that might end up * calling scheduler related locks and ctx->lock nests inside those. */ static __must_check struct perf_event_context * unclone_ctx(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_event_context *parent_ctx = ctx->parent_ctx; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); if (parent_ctx) ctx->parent_ctx = NULL; ctx->generation++; return parent_ctx; } static u32 perf_event_pid_type(struct perf_event *event, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type) { u32 nr; /* * only top level events have the pid namespace they were created in */ if (event->parent) event = event->parent; nr = __task_pid_nr_ns(p, type, event->ns); /* avoid -1 if it is idle thread or runs in another ns */ if (!nr && !pid_alive(p)) nr = -1; return nr; } static u32 perf_event_pid(struct perf_event *event, struct task_struct *p) { return perf_event_pid_type(event, p, PIDTYPE_TGID); } static u32 perf_event_tid(struct perf_event *event, struct task_struct *p) { return perf_event_pid_type(event, p, PIDTYPE_PID); } /* * If we inherit events we want to return the parent event id * to userspace. */ static u64 primary_event_id(struct perf_event *event) { u64 id = event->id; if (event->parent) id = event->parent->id; return id; } /* * Get the perf_event_context for a task and lock it. * * This has to cope with with the fact that until it is locked, * the context could get moved to another task. */ static struct perf_event_context * perf_lock_task_context(struct task_struct *task, int ctxn, unsigned long *flags) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; retry: /* * One of the few rules of preemptible RCU is that one cannot do * rcu_read_unlock() while holding a scheduler (or nested) lock when * part of the read side critical section was irqs-enabled -- see * rcu_read_unlock_special(). * * Since ctx->lock nests under rq->lock we must ensure the entire read * side critical section has interrupts disabled. */ local_irq_save(*flags); rcu_read_lock(); ctx = rcu_dereference(task->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn]); if (ctx) { /* * If this context is a clone of another, it might * get swapped for another underneath us by * perf_event_task_sched_out, though the * rcu_read_lock() protects us from any context * getting freed. Lock the context and check if it * got swapped before we could get the lock, and retry * if so. If we locked the right context, then it * can't get swapped on us any more. */ raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); if (ctx != rcu_dereference(task->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn])) { raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); local_irq_restore(*flags); goto retry; } if (ctx->task == TASK_TOMBSTONE || !refcount_inc_not_zero(&ctx->refcount)) { raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); ctx = NULL; } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(ctx->task != task); } } rcu_read_unlock(); if (!ctx) local_irq_restore(*flags); return ctx; } /* * Get the context for a task and increment its pin_count so it * can't get swapped to another task. This also increments its * reference count so that the context can't get freed. */ static struct perf_event_context * perf_pin_task_context(struct task_struct *task, int ctxn) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; unsigned long flags; ctx = perf_lock_task_context(task, ctxn, &flags); if (ctx) { ++ctx->pin_count; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags); } return ctx; } static void perf_unpin_context(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags); --ctx->pin_count; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags); } /* * Update the record of the current time in a context. */ static void update_context_time(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { u64 now = perf_clock(); ctx->time += now - ctx->timestamp; ctx->timestamp = now; } static u64 perf_event_time(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; if (is_cgroup_event(event)) return perf_cgroup_event_time(event); return ctx ? ctx->time : 0; } static enum event_type_t get_event_type(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; enum event_type_t event_type; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); /* * It's 'group type', really, because if our group leader is * pinned, so are we. */ if (event->group_leader != event) event = event->group_leader; event_type = event->attr.pinned ? EVENT_PINNED : EVENT_FLEXIBLE; if (!ctx->task) event_type |= EVENT_CPU; return event_type; } /* * Helper function to initialize event group nodes. */ static void init_event_group(struct perf_event *event) { RB_CLEAR_NODE(&event->group_node); event->group_index = 0; } /* * Extract pinned or flexible groups from the context * based on event attrs bits. */ static struct perf_event_groups * get_event_groups(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { if (event->attr.pinned) return &ctx->pinned_groups; else return &ctx->flexible_groups; } /* * Helper function to initializes perf_event_group trees. */ static void perf_event_groups_init(struct perf_event_groups *groups) { groups->tree = RB_ROOT; groups->index = 0; } /* * Compare function for event groups; * * Implements complex key that first sorts by CPU and then by virtual index * which provides ordering when rotating groups for the same CPU. */ static bool perf_event_groups_less(struct perf_event *left, struct perf_event *right) { if (left->cpu < right->cpu) return true; if (left->cpu > right->cpu) return false; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF if (left->cgrp != right->cgrp) { if (!left->cgrp || !left->cgrp->css.cgroup) { /* * Left has no cgroup but right does, no cgroups come * first. */ return true; } if (!right->cgrp || !right->cgrp->css.cgroup) { /* * Right has no cgroup but left does, no cgroups come * first. */ return false; } /* Two dissimilar cgroups, order by id. */ if (left->cgrp->css.cgroup->kn->id < right->cgrp->css.cgroup->kn->id) return true; return false; } #endif if (left->group_index < right->group_index) return true; if (left->group_index > right->group_index) return false; return false; } /* * Insert @event into @groups' tree; using {@event->cpu, ++@groups->index} for * key (see perf_event_groups_less). This places it last inside the CPU * subtree. */ static void perf_event_groups_insert(struct perf_event_groups *groups, struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *node_event; struct rb_node *parent; struct rb_node **node; event->group_index = ++groups->index; node = &groups->tree.rb_node; parent = *node; while (*node) { parent = *node; node_event = container_of(*node, struct perf_event, group_node); if (perf_event_groups_less(event, node_event)) node = &parent->rb_left; else node = &parent->rb_right; } rb_link_node(&event->group_node, parent, node); rb_insert_color(&event->group_node, &groups->tree); } /* * Helper function to insert event into the pinned or flexible groups. */ static void add_event_to_groups(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_event_groups *groups; groups = get_event_groups(event, ctx); perf_event_groups_insert(groups, event); } /* * Delete a group from a tree. */ static void perf_event_groups_delete(struct perf_event_groups *groups, struct perf_event *event) { WARN_ON_ONCE(RB_EMPTY_NODE(&event->group_node) || RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&groups->tree)); rb_erase(&event->group_node, &groups->tree); init_event_group(event); } /* * Helper function to delete event from its groups. */ static void del_event_from_groups(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_event_groups *groups; groups = get_event_groups(event, ctx); perf_event_groups_delete(groups, event); } /* * Get the leftmost event in the cpu/cgroup subtree. */ static struct perf_event * perf_event_groups_first(struct perf_event_groups *groups, int cpu, struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct perf_event *node_event = NULL, *match = NULL; struct rb_node *node = groups->tree.rb_node; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF u64 node_cgrp_id, cgrp_id = 0; if (cgrp) cgrp_id = cgrp->kn->id; #endif while (node) { node_event = container_of(node, struct perf_event, group_node); if (cpu < node_event->cpu) { node = node->rb_left; continue; } if (cpu > node_event->cpu) { node = node->rb_right; continue; } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF node_cgrp_id = 0; if (node_event->cgrp && node_event->cgrp->css.cgroup) node_cgrp_id = node_event->cgrp->css.cgroup->kn->id; if (cgrp_id < node_cgrp_id) { node = node->rb_left; continue; } if (cgrp_id > node_cgrp_id) { node = node->rb_right; continue; } #endif match = node_event; node = node->rb_left; } return match; } /* * Like rb_entry_next_safe() for the @cpu subtree. */ static struct perf_event * perf_event_groups_next(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *next; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF u64 curr_cgrp_id = 0; u64 next_cgrp_id = 0; #endif next = rb_entry_safe(rb_next(&event->group_node), typeof(*event), group_node); if (next == NULL || next->cpu != event->cpu) return NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF if (event->cgrp && event->cgrp->css.cgroup) curr_cgrp_id = event->cgrp->css.cgroup->kn->id; if (next->cgrp && next->cgrp->css.cgroup) next_cgrp_id = next->cgrp->css.cgroup->kn->id; if (curr_cgrp_id != next_cgrp_id) return NULL; #endif return next; } /* * Iterate through the whole groups tree. */ #define perf_event_groups_for_each(event, groups) \ for (event = rb_entry_safe(rb_first(&((groups)->tree)), \ typeof(*event), group_node); event; \ event = rb_entry_safe(rb_next(&event->group_node), \ typeof(*event), group_node)) /* * Add an event from the lists for its context. * Must be called with ctx->mutex and ctx->lock held. */ static void list_add_event(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT); event->attach_state |= PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT; event->tstamp = perf_event_time(event); /* * If we're a stand alone event or group leader, we go to the context * list, group events are kept attached to the group so that * perf_group_detach can, at all times, locate all siblings. */ if (event->group_leader == event) { event->group_caps = event->event_caps; add_event_to_groups(event, ctx); } list_add_rcu(&event->event_entry, &ctx->event_list); ctx->nr_events++; if (event->attr.inherit_stat) ctx->nr_stat++; if (event->state > PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) perf_cgroup_event_enable(event, ctx); ctx->generation++; } /* * Initialize event state based on the perf_event_attr::disabled. */ static inline void perf_event__state_init(struct perf_event *event) { event->state = event->attr.disabled ? PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF : PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE; } static void __perf_event_read_size(struct perf_event *event, int nr_siblings) { int entry = sizeof(u64); /* value */ int size = 0; int nr = 1; if (event->attr.read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_ENABLED) size += sizeof(u64); if (event->attr.read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_RUNNING) size += sizeof(u64); if (event->attr.read_format & PERF_FORMAT_ID) entry += sizeof(u64); if (event->attr.read_format & PERF_FORMAT_GROUP) { nr += nr_siblings; size += sizeof(u64); } size += entry * nr; event->read_size = size; } static void __perf_event_header_size(struct perf_event *event, u64 sample_type) { struct perf_sample_data *data; u16 size = 0; if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_IP) size += sizeof(data->ip); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR) size += sizeof(data->addr); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) size += sizeof(data->period); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_WEIGHT) size += sizeof(data->weight); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_READ) size += event->read_size; if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_DATA_SRC) size += sizeof(data->data_src.val); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION) size += sizeof(data->txn); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR) size += sizeof(data->phys_addr); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CGROUP) size += sizeof(data->cgroup); event->header_size = size; } /* * Called at perf_event creation and when events are attached/detached from a * group. */ static void perf_event__header_size(struct perf_event *event) { __perf_event_read_size(event, event->group_leader->nr_siblings); __perf_event_header_size(event, event->attr.sample_type); } static void perf_event__id_header_size(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_sample_data *data; u64 sample_type = event->attr.sample_type; u16 size = 0; if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_TID) size += sizeof(data->tid_entry); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_TIME) size += sizeof(data->time); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER) size += sizeof(data->id); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_ID) size += sizeof(data->id); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID) size += sizeof(data->stream_id); if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CPU) size += sizeof(data->cpu_entry); event->id_header_size = size; } static bool perf_event_validate_size(struct perf_event *event) { /* * The values computed here will be over-written when we actually * attach the event. */ __perf_event_read_size(event, event->group_leader->nr_siblings + 1); __perf_event_header_size(event, event->attr.sample_type & ~PERF_SAMPLE_READ); perf_event__id_header_size(event); /* * Sum the lot; should not exceed the 64k limit we have on records. * Conservative limit to allow for callchains and other variable fields. */ if (event->read_size + event->header_size + event->id_header_size + sizeof(struct perf_event_header) >= 16*1024) return false; return true; } static void perf_group_attach(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *group_leader = event->group_leader, *pos; lockdep_assert_held(&event->ctx->lock); /* * We can have double attach due to group movement in perf_event_open. */ if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_GROUP) return; event->attach_state |= PERF_ATTACH_GROUP; if (group_leader == event) return; WARN_ON_ONCE(group_leader->ctx != event->ctx); group_leader->group_caps &= event->event_caps; list_add_tail(&event->sibling_list, &group_leader->sibling_list); group_leader->nr_siblings++; perf_event__header_size(group_leader); for_each_sibling_event(pos, group_leader) perf_event__header_size(pos); } /* * Remove an event from the lists for its context. * Must be called with ctx->mutex and ctx->lock held. */ static void list_del_event(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx != ctx); lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); /* * We can have double detach due to exit/hot-unplug + close. */ if (!(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT)) return; event->attach_state &= ~PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT; ctx->nr_events--; if (event->attr.inherit_stat) ctx->nr_stat--; list_del_rcu(&event->event_entry); if (event->group_leader == event) del_event_from_groups(event, ctx); /* * If event was in error state, then keep it * that way, otherwise bogus counts will be * returned on read(). The only way to get out * of error state is by explicit re-enabling * of the event */ if (event->state > PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) { perf_cgroup_event_disable(event, ctx); perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF); } ctx->generation++; } static int perf_aux_output_match(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event *aux_event) { if (!has_aux(aux_event)) return 0; if (!event->pmu->aux_output_match) return 0; return event->pmu->aux_output_match(aux_event); } static void put_event(struct perf_event *event); static void event_sched_out(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx); static void perf_put_aux_event(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); struct perf_event *iter; /* * If event uses aux_event tear down the link */ if (event->aux_event) { iter = event->aux_event; event->aux_event = NULL; put_event(iter); return; } /* * If the event is an aux_event, tear down all links to * it from other events. */ for_each_sibling_event(iter, event->group_leader) { if (iter->aux_event != event) continue; iter->aux_event = NULL; put_event(event); /* * If it's ACTIVE, schedule it out and put it into ERROR * state so that we don't try to schedule it again. Note * that perf_event_enable() will clear the ERROR status. */ event_sched_out(iter, cpuctx, ctx); perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR); } } static bool perf_need_aux_event(struct perf_event *event) { return !!event->attr.aux_output || !!event->attr.aux_sample_size; } static int perf_get_aux_event(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event *group_leader) { /* * Our group leader must be an aux event if we want to be * an aux_output. This way, the aux event will precede its * aux_output events in the group, and therefore will always * schedule first. */ if (!group_leader) return 0; /* * aux_output and aux_sample_size are mutually exclusive. */ if (event->attr.aux_output && event->attr.aux_sample_size) return 0; if (event->attr.aux_output && !perf_aux_output_match(event, group_leader)) return 0; if (event->attr.aux_sample_size && !group_leader->pmu->snapshot_aux) return 0; if (!atomic_long_inc_not_zero(&group_leader->refcount)) return 0; /* * Link aux_outputs to their aux event; this is undone in * perf_group_detach() by perf_put_aux_event(). When the * group in torn down, the aux_output events loose their * link to the aux_event and can't schedule any more. */ event->aux_event = group_leader; return 1; } static inline struct list_head *get_event_list(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; return event->attr.pinned ? &ctx->pinned_active : &ctx->flexible_active; } /* * Events that have PERF_EV_CAP_SIBLING require being part of a group and * cannot exist on their own, schedule them out and move them into the ERROR * state. Also see _perf_event_enable(), it will not be able to recover * this ERROR state. */ static inline void perf_remove_sibling_event(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR); } static void perf_group_detach(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader; struct perf_event *sibling, *tmp; struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); /* * We can have double detach due to exit/hot-unplug + close. */ if (!(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_GROUP)) return; event->attach_state &= ~PERF_ATTACH_GROUP; perf_put_aux_event(event); /* * If this is a sibling, remove it from its group. */ if (leader != event) { list_del_init(&event->sibling_list); event->group_leader->nr_siblings--; goto out; } /* * If this was a group event with sibling events then * upgrade the siblings to singleton events by adding them * to whatever list we are on. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(sibling, tmp, &event->sibling_list, sibling_list) { if (sibling->event_caps & PERF_EV_CAP_SIBLING) perf_remove_sibling_event(sibling); sibling->group_leader = sibling; list_del_init(&sibling->sibling_list); /* Inherit group flags from the previous leader */ sibling->group_caps = event->group_caps; if (!RB_EMPTY_NODE(&event->group_node)) { add_event_to_groups(sibling, event->ctx); if (sibling->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) list_add_tail(&sibling->active_list, get_event_list(sibling)); } WARN_ON_ONCE(sibling->ctx != event->ctx); } out: for_each_sibling_event(tmp, leader) perf_event__header_size(tmp); perf_event__header_size(leader); } static void sync_child_event(struct perf_event *child_event); static void perf_child_detach(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *parent_event = event->parent; if (!(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_CHILD)) return; event->attach_state &= ~PERF_ATTACH_CHILD; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!parent_event)) return; lockdep_assert_held(&parent_event->child_mutex); sync_child_event(event); list_del_init(&event->child_list); } static bool is_orphaned_event(struct perf_event *event) { return event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_DEAD; } static inline int __pmu_filter_match(struct perf_event *event) { struct pmu *pmu = event->pmu; return pmu->filter_match ? pmu->filter_match(event) : 1; } /* * Check whether we should attempt to schedule an event group based on * PMU-specific filtering. An event group can consist of HW and SW events, * potentially with a SW leader, so we must check all the filters, to * determine whether a group is schedulable: */ static inline int pmu_filter_match(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *sibling; if (!__pmu_filter_match(event)) return 0; for_each_sibling_event(sibling, event) { if (!__pmu_filter_match(sibling)) return 0; } return 1; } static inline int event_filter_match(struct perf_event *event) { return (event->cpu == -1 || event->cpu == smp_processor_id()) && perf_cgroup_match(event) && pmu_filter_match(event); } static void event_sched_out(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { enum perf_event_state state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE; WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx != ctx); lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); if (event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) return; /* * Asymmetry; we only schedule events _IN_ through ctx_sched_in(), but * we can schedule events _OUT_ individually through things like * __perf_remove_from_context(). */ list_del_init(&event->active_list); perf_pmu_disable(event->pmu); event->pmu->del(event, 0); event->oncpu = -1; if (READ_ONCE(event->pending_disable) >= 0) { WRITE_ONCE(event->pending_disable, -1); perf_cgroup_event_disable(event, ctx); state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF; } perf_event_set_state(event, state); if (!is_software_event(event)) cpuctx->active_oncpu--; if (!--ctx->nr_active) perf_event_ctx_deactivate(ctx); if (event->attr.freq && event->attr.sample_freq) ctx->nr_freq--; if (event->attr.exclusive || !cpuctx->active_oncpu) cpuctx->exclusive = 0; perf_pmu_enable(event->pmu); } static void group_sched_out(struct perf_event *group_event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_event *event; if (group_event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) return; perf_pmu_disable(ctx->pmu); event_sched_out(group_event, cpuctx, ctx); /* * Schedule out siblings (if any): */ for_each_sibling_event(event, group_event) event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); perf_pmu_enable(ctx->pmu); } #define DETACH_GROUP 0x01UL #define DETACH_CHILD 0x02UL /* * Cross CPU call to remove a performance event * * We disable the event on the hardware level first. After that we * remove it from the context list. */ static void __perf_remove_from_context(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx, void *info) { unsigned long flags = (unsigned long)info; if (ctx->is_active & EVENT_TIME) { update_context_time(ctx); update_cgrp_time_from_cpuctx(cpuctx); } event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); if (flags & DETACH_GROUP) perf_group_detach(event); if (flags & DETACH_CHILD) perf_child_detach(event); list_del_event(event, ctx); if (!ctx->nr_events && ctx->is_active) { ctx->is_active = 0; ctx->rotate_necessary = 0; if (ctx->task) { WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx); cpuctx->task_ctx = NULL; } } } /* * Remove the event from a task's (or a CPU's) list of events. * * If event->ctx is a cloned context, callers must make sure that * every task struct that event->ctx->task could possibly point to * remains valid. This is OK when called from perf_release since * that only calls us on the top-level context, which can't be a clone. * When called from perf_event_exit_task, it's OK because the * context has been detached from its task. */ static void perf_remove_from_context(struct perf_event *event, unsigned long flags) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->mutex); /* * Because of perf_event_exit_task(), perf_remove_from_context() ought * to work in the face of TASK_TOMBSTONE, unlike every other * event_function_call() user. */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); if (!ctx->is_active) { __perf_remove_from_context(event, __get_cpu_context(ctx), ctx, (void *)flags); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); event_function_call(event, __perf_remove_from_context, (void *)flags); } /* * Cross CPU call to disable a performance event */ static void __perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx, void *info) { if (event->state < PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) return; if (ctx->is_active & EVENT_TIME) { update_context_time(ctx); update_cgrp_time_from_event(event); } if (event == event->group_leader) group_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); else event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF); perf_cgroup_event_disable(event, ctx); } /* * Disable an event. * * If event->ctx is a cloned context, callers must make sure that * every task struct that event->ctx->task could possibly point to * remains valid. This condition is satisfied when called through * perf_event_for_each_child or perf_event_for_each because they * hold the top-level event's child_mutex, so any descendant that * goes to exit will block in perf_event_exit_event(). * * When called from perf_pending_event it's OK because event->ctx * is the current context on this CPU and preemption is disabled, * hence we can't get into perf_event_task_sched_out for this context. */ static void _perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); if (event->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); event_function_call(event, __perf_event_disable, NULL); } void perf_event_disable_local(struct perf_event *event) { event_function_local(event, __perf_event_disable, NULL); } /* * Strictly speaking kernel users cannot create groups and therefore this * interface does not need the perf_event_ctx_lock() magic. */ void perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); _perf_event_disable(event); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_disable); void perf_event_disable_inatomic(struct perf_event *event) { WRITE_ONCE(event->pending_disable, smp_processor_id()); /* can fail, see perf_pending_event_disable() */ irq_work_queue(&event->pending); } static void perf_set_shadow_time(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { /* * use the correct time source for the time snapshot * * We could get by without this by leveraging the * fact that to get to this function, the caller * has most likely already called update_context_time() * and update_cgrp_time_xx() and thus both timestamp * are identical (or very close). Given that tstamp is, * already adjusted for cgroup, we could say that: * tstamp - ctx->timestamp * is equivalent to * tstamp - cgrp->timestamp. * * Then, in perf_output_read(), the calculation would * work with no changes because: * - event is guaranteed scheduled in * - no scheduled out in between * - thus the timestamp would be the same * * But this is a bit hairy. * * So instead, we have an explicit cgroup call to remain * within the time time source all along. We believe it * is cleaner and simpler to understand. */ if (is_cgroup_event(event)) perf_cgroup_set_shadow_time(event, event->tstamp); else event->shadow_ctx_time = event->tstamp - ctx->timestamp; } #define MAX_INTERRUPTS (~0ULL) static void perf_log_throttle(struct perf_event *event, int enable); static void perf_log_itrace_start(struct perf_event *event); static int event_sched_in(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { int ret = 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx != ctx); lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); if (event->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) return 0; WRITE_ONCE(event->oncpu, smp_processor_id()); /* * Order event::oncpu write to happen before the ACTIVE state is * visible. This allows perf_event_{stop,read}() to observe the correct * ->oncpu if it sees ACTIVE. */ smp_wmb(); perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE); /* * Unthrottle events, since we scheduled we might have missed several * ticks already, also for a heavily scheduling task there is little * guarantee it'll get a tick in a timely manner. */ if (unlikely(event->hw.interrupts == MAX_INTERRUPTS)) { perf_log_throttle(event, 1); event->hw.interrupts = 0; } perf_pmu_disable(event->pmu); perf_set_shadow_time(event, ctx); perf_log_itrace_start(event); if (event->pmu->add(event, PERF_EF_START)) { perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE); event->oncpu = -1; ret = -EAGAIN; goto out; } if (!is_software_event(event)) cpuctx->active_oncpu++; if (!ctx->nr_active++) perf_event_ctx_activate(ctx); if (event->attr.freq && event->attr.sample_freq) ctx->nr_freq++; if (event->attr.exclusive) cpuctx->exclusive = 1; out: perf_pmu_enable(event->pmu); return ret; } static int group_sched_in(struct perf_event *group_event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_event *event, *partial_group = NULL; struct pmu *pmu = ctx->pmu; if (group_event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) return 0; pmu->start_txn(pmu, PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD); if (event_sched_in(group_event, cpuctx, ctx)) goto error; /* * Schedule in siblings as one group (if any): */ for_each_sibling_event(event, group_event) { if (event_sched_in(event, cpuctx, ctx)) { partial_group = event; goto group_error; } } if (!pmu->commit_txn(pmu)) return 0; group_error: /* * Groups can be scheduled in as one unit only, so undo any * partial group before returning: * The events up to the failed event are scheduled out normally. */ for_each_sibling_event(event, group_event) { if (event == partial_group) break; event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); } event_sched_out(group_event, cpuctx, ctx); error: pmu->cancel_txn(pmu); return -EAGAIN; } /* * Work out whether we can put this event group on the CPU now. */ static int group_can_go_on(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, int can_add_hw) { /* * Groups consisting entirely of software events can always go on. */ if (event->group_caps & PERF_EV_CAP_SOFTWARE) return 1; /* * If an exclusive group is already on, no other hardware * events can go on. */ if (cpuctx->exclusive) return 0; /* * If this group is exclusive and there are already * events on the CPU, it can't go on. */ if (event->attr.exclusive && !list_empty(get_event_list(event))) return 0; /* * Otherwise, try to add it if all previous groups were able * to go on. */ return can_add_hw; } static void add_event_to_ctx(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { list_add_event(event, ctx); perf_group_attach(event); } static void ctx_sched_out(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type); static void ctx_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type, struct task_struct *task); static void task_ctx_sched_out(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx, enum event_type_t event_type) { if (!cpuctx->task_ctx) return; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ctx != cpuctx->task_ctx)) return; ctx_sched_out(ctx, cpuctx, event_type); } static void perf_event_sched_in(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct task_struct *task) { cpu_ctx_sched_in(cpuctx, EVENT_PINNED, task); if (ctx) ctx_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_PINNED, task); cpu_ctx_sched_in(cpuctx, EVENT_FLEXIBLE, task); if (ctx) ctx_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_FLEXIBLE, task); } /* * We want to maintain the following priority of scheduling: * - CPU pinned (EVENT_CPU | EVENT_PINNED) * - task pinned (EVENT_PINNED) * - CPU flexible (EVENT_CPU | EVENT_FLEXIBLE) * - task flexible (EVENT_FLEXIBLE). * * In order to avoid unscheduling and scheduling back in everything every * time an event is added, only do it for the groups of equal priority and * below. * * This can be called after a batch operation on task events, in which case * event_type is a bit mask of the types of events involved. For CPU events, * event_type is only either EVENT_PINNED or EVENT_FLEXIBLE. */ static void ctx_resched(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *task_ctx, enum event_type_t event_type) { enum event_type_t ctx_event_type; bool cpu_event = !!(event_type & EVENT_CPU); /* * If pinned groups are involved, flexible groups also need to be * scheduled out. */ if (event_type & EVENT_PINNED) event_type |= EVENT_FLEXIBLE; ctx_event_type = event_type & EVENT_ALL; perf_pmu_disable(cpuctx->ctx.pmu); if (task_ctx) task_ctx_sched_out(cpuctx, task_ctx, event_type); /* * Decide which cpu ctx groups to schedule out based on the types * of events that caused rescheduling: * - EVENT_CPU: schedule out corresponding groups; * - EVENT_PINNED task events: schedule out EVENT_FLEXIBLE groups; * - otherwise, do nothing more. */ if (cpu_event) cpu_ctx_sched_out(cpuctx, ctx_event_type); else if (ctx_event_type & EVENT_PINNED) cpu_ctx_sched_out(cpuctx, EVENT_FLEXIBLE); perf_event_sched_in(cpuctx, task_ctx, current); perf_pmu_enable(cpuctx->ctx.pmu); } void perf_pmu_resched(struct pmu *pmu) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = this_cpu_ptr(pmu->pmu_cpu_context); struct perf_event_context *task_ctx = cpuctx->task_ctx; perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, task_ctx); ctx_resched(cpuctx, task_ctx, EVENT_ALL|EVENT_CPU); perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, task_ctx); } /* * Cross CPU call to install and enable a performance event * * Very similar to remote_function() + event_function() but cannot assume that * things like ctx->is_active and cpuctx->task_ctx are set. */ static int __perf_install_in_context(void *info) { struct perf_event *event = info; struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); struct perf_event_context *task_ctx = cpuctx->task_ctx; bool reprogram = true; int ret = 0; raw_spin_lock(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); if (ctx->task) { raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); task_ctx = ctx; reprogram = (ctx->task == current); /* * If the task is running, it must be running on this CPU, * otherwise we cannot reprogram things. * * If its not running, we don't care, ctx->lock will * serialize against it becoming runnable. */ if (task_curr(ctx->task) && !reprogram) { ret = -ESRCH; goto unlock; } WARN_ON_ONCE(reprogram && cpuctx->task_ctx && cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx); } else if (task_ctx) { raw_spin_lock(&task_ctx->lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF if (event->state > PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF && is_cgroup_event(event)) { /* * If the current cgroup doesn't match the event's * cgroup, we should not try to schedule it. */ struct perf_cgroup *cgrp = perf_cgroup_from_task(current, ctx); reprogram = cgroup_is_descendant(cgrp->css.cgroup, event->cgrp->css.cgroup); } #endif if (reprogram) { ctx_sched_out(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME); add_event_to_ctx(event, ctx); ctx_resched(cpuctx, task_ctx, get_event_type(event)); } else { add_event_to_ctx(event, ctx); } unlock: perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, task_ctx); return ret; } static bool exclusive_event_installable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx); /* * Attach a performance event to a context. * * Very similar to event_function_call, see comment there. */ static void perf_install_in_context(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_event *event, int cpu) { struct task_struct *task = READ_ONCE(ctx->task); lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->mutex); WARN_ON_ONCE(!exclusive_event_installable(event, ctx)); if (event->cpu != -1) event->cpu = cpu; /* * Ensures that if we can observe event->ctx, both the event and ctx * will be 'complete'. See perf_iterate_sb_cpu(). */ smp_store_release(&event->ctx, ctx); /* * perf_event_attr::disabled events will not run and can be initialized * without IPI. Except when this is the first event for the context, in * that case we need the magic of the IPI to set ctx->is_active. * * The IOC_ENABLE that is sure to follow the creation of a disabled * event will issue the IPI and reprogram the hardware. */ if (__perf_effective_state(event) == PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF && ctx->nr_events) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); if (ctx->task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } add_event_to_ctx(event, ctx); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } if (!task) { cpu_function_call(cpu, __perf_install_in_context, event); return; } /* * Should not happen, we validate the ctx is still alive before calling. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(task == TASK_TOMBSTONE)) return; /* * Installing events is tricky because we cannot rely on ctx->is_active * to be set in case this is the nr_events 0 -> 1 transition. * * Instead we use task_curr(), which tells us if the task is running. * However, since we use task_curr() outside of rq::lock, we can race * against the actual state. This means the result can be wrong. * * If we get a false positive, we retry, this is harmless. * * If we get a false negative, things are complicated. If we are after * perf_event_context_sched_in() ctx::lock will serialize us, and the * value must be correct. If we're before, it doesn't matter since * perf_event_context_sched_in() will program the counter. * * However, this hinges on the remote context switch having observed * our task->perf_event_ctxp[] store, such that it will in fact take * ctx::lock in perf_event_context_sched_in(). * * We do this by task_function_call(), if the IPI fails to hit the task * we know any future context switch of task must see the * perf_event_ctpx[] store. */ /* * This smp_mb() orders the task->perf_event_ctxp[] store with the * task_cpu() load, such that if the IPI then does not find the task * running, a future context switch of that task must observe the * store. */ smp_mb(); again: if (!task_function_call(task, __perf_install_in_context, event)) return; raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); task = ctx->task; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(task == TASK_TOMBSTONE)) { /* * Cannot happen because we already checked above (which also * cannot happen), and we hold ctx->mutex, which serializes us * against perf_event_exit_task_context(). */ raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } /* * If the task is not running, ctx->lock will avoid it becoming so, * thus we can safely install the event. */ if (task_curr(task)) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); goto again; } add_event_to_ctx(event, ctx); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); } /* * Cross CPU call to enable a performance event */ static void __perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx, void *info) { struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader; struct perf_event_context *task_ctx; if (event->state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE || event->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR) return; if (ctx->is_active) ctx_sched_out(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME); perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE); perf_cgroup_event_enable(event, ctx); if (!ctx->is_active) return; if (!event_filter_match(event)) { ctx_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME, current); return; } /* * If the event is in a group and isn't the group leader, * then don't put it on unless the group is on. */ if (leader != event && leader->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) { ctx_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME, current); return; } task_ctx = cpuctx->task_ctx; if (ctx->task) WARN_ON_ONCE(task_ctx != ctx); ctx_resched(cpuctx, task_ctx, get_event_type(event)); } /* * Enable an event. * * If event->ctx is a cloned context, callers must make sure that * every task struct that event->ctx->task could possibly point to * remains valid. This condition is satisfied when called through * perf_event_for_each_child or perf_event_for_each as described * for perf_event_disable. */ static void _perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); if (event->state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE || event->state < PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR) { out: raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } /* * If the event is in error state, clear that first. * * That way, if we see the event in error state below, we know that it * has gone back into error state, as distinct from the task having * been scheduled away before the cross-call arrived. */ if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR) { /* * Detached SIBLING events cannot leave ERROR state. */ if (event->event_caps & PERF_EV_CAP_SIBLING && event->group_leader == event) goto out; event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); event_function_call(event, __perf_event_enable, NULL); } /* * See perf_event_disable(); */ void perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); _perf_event_enable(event); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_enable); struct stop_event_data { struct perf_event *event; unsigned int restart; }; static int __perf_event_stop(void *info) { struct stop_event_data *sd = info; struct perf_event *event = sd->event; /* if it's already INACTIVE, do nothing */ if (READ_ONCE(event->state) != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) return 0; /* matches smp_wmb() in event_sched_in() */ smp_rmb(); /* * There is a window with interrupts enabled before we get here, * so we need to check again lest we try to stop another CPU's event. */ if (READ_ONCE(event->oncpu) != smp_processor_id()) return -EAGAIN; event->pmu->stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE); /* * May race with the actual stop (through perf_pmu_output_stop()), * but it is only used for events with AUX ring buffer, and such * events will refuse to restart because of rb::aux_mmap_count==0, * see comments in perf_aux_output_begin(). * * Since this is happening on an event-local CPU, no trace is lost * while restarting. */ if (sd->restart) event->pmu->start(event, 0); return 0; } static int perf_event_stop(struct perf_event *event, int restart) { struct stop_event_data sd = { .event = event, .restart = restart, }; int ret = 0; do { if (READ_ONCE(event->state) != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) return 0; /* matches smp_wmb() in event_sched_in() */ smp_rmb(); /* * We only want to restart ACTIVE events, so if the event goes * inactive here (event->oncpu==-1), there's nothing more to do; * fall through with ret==-ENXIO. */ ret = cpu_function_call(READ_ONCE(event->oncpu), __perf_event_stop, &sd); } while (ret == -EAGAIN); return ret; } /* * In order to contain the amount of racy and tricky in the address filter * configuration management, it is a two part process: * * (p1) when userspace mappings change as a result of (1) or (2) or (3) below, * we update the addresses of corresponding vmas in * event::addr_filter_ranges array and bump the event::addr_filters_gen; * (p2) when an event is scheduled in (pmu::add), it calls * perf_event_addr_filters_sync() which calls pmu::addr_filters_sync() * if the generation has changed since the previous call. * * If (p1) happens while the event is active, we restart it to force (p2). * * (1) perf_addr_filters_apply(): adjusting filters' offsets based on * pre-existing mappings, called once when new filters arrive via SET_FILTER * ioctl; * (2) perf_addr_filters_adjust(): adjusting filters' offsets based on newly * registered mapping, called for every new mmap(), with mm::mmap_lock down * for reading; * (3) perf_event_addr_filters_exec(): clearing filters' offsets in the process * of exec. */ void perf_event_addr_filters_sync(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_addr_filters_head *ifh = perf_event_addr_filters(event); if (!has_addr_filter(event)) return; raw_spin_lock(&ifh->lock); if (event->addr_filters_gen != event->hw.addr_filters_gen) { event->pmu->addr_filters_sync(event); event->hw.addr_filters_gen = event->addr_filters_gen; } raw_spin_unlock(&ifh->lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_addr_filters_sync); static int _perf_event_refresh(struct perf_event *event, int refresh) { /* * not supported on inherited events */ if (event->attr.inherit || !is_sampling_event(event)) return -EINVAL; atomic_add(refresh, &event->event_limit); _perf_event_enable(event); return 0; } /* * See perf_event_disable() */ int perf_event_refresh(struct perf_event *event, int refresh) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; int ret; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); ret = _perf_event_refresh(event, refresh); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_refresh); static int perf_event_modify_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp, struct perf_event_attr *attr) { int err; _perf_event_disable(bp); err = modify_user_hw_breakpoint_check(bp, attr, true); if (!bp->attr.disabled) _perf_event_enable(bp); return err; } static int perf_event_modify_attr(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_attr *attr) { if (event->attr.type != attr->type) return -EINVAL; switch (event->attr.type) { case PERF_TYPE_BREAKPOINT: return perf_event_modify_breakpoint(event, attr); default: /* Place holder for future additions. */ return -EOPNOTSUPP; } } static void ctx_sched_out(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type) { struct perf_event *event, *tmp; int is_active = ctx->is_active; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); if (likely(!ctx->nr_events)) { /* * See __perf_remove_from_context(). */ WARN_ON_ONCE(ctx->is_active); if (ctx->task) WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->task_ctx); return; } ctx->is_active &= ~event_type; if (!(ctx->is_active & EVENT_ALL)) ctx->is_active = 0; if (ctx->task) { WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx); if (!ctx->is_active) cpuctx->task_ctx = NULL; } /* * Always update time if it was set; not only when it changes. * Otherwise we can 'forget' to update time for any but the last * context we sched out. For example: * * ctx_sched_out(.event_type = EVENT_FLEXIBLE) * ctx_sched_out(.event_type = EVENT_PINNED) * * would only update time for the pinned events. */ if (is_active & EVENT_TIME) { /* update (and stop) ctx time */ update_context_time(ctx); update_cgrp_time_from_cpuctx(cpuctx); } is_active ^= ctx->is_active; /* changed bits */ if (!ctx->nr_active || !(is_active & EVENT_ALL)) return; perf_pmu_disable(ctx->pmu); if (is_active & EVENT_PINNED) { list_for_each_entry_safe(event, tmp, &ctx->pinned_active, active_list) group_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); } if (is_active & EVENT_FLEXIBLE) { list_for_each_entry_safe(event, tmp, &ctx->flexible_active, active_list) group_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx); /* * Since we cleared EVENT_FLEXIBLE, also clear * rotate_necessary, is will be reset by * ctx_flexible_sched_in() when needed. */ ctx->rotate_necessary = 0; } perf_pmu_enable(ctx->pmu); } /* * Test whether two contexts are equivalent, i.e. whether they have both been * cloned from the same version of the same context. * * Equivalence is measured using a generation number in the context that is * incremented on each modification to it; see unclone_ctx(), list_add_event() * and list_del_event(). */ static int context_equiv(struct perf_event_context *ctx1, struct perf_event_context *ctx2) { lockdep_assert_held(&ctx1->lock); lockdep_assert_held(&ctx2->lock); /* Pinning disables the swap optimization */ if (ctx1->pin_count || ctx2->pin_count) return 0; /* If ctx1 is the parent of ctx2 */ if (ctx1 == ctx2->parent_ctx && ctx1->generation == ctx2->parent_gen) return 1; /* If ctx2 is the parent of ctx1 */ if (ctx1->parent_ctx == ctx2 && ctx1->parent_gen == ctx2->generation) return 1; /* * If ctx1 and ctx2 have the same parent; we flatten the parent * hierarchy, see perf_event_init_context(). */ if (ctx1->parent_ctx && ctx1->parent_ctx == ctx2->parent_ctx && ctx1->parent_gen == ctx2->parent_gen) return 1; /* Unmatched */ return 0; } static void __perf_event_sync_stat(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event *next_event) { u64 value; if (!event->attr.inherit_stat) return; /* * Update the event value, we cannot use perf_event_read() * because we're in the middle of a context switch and have IRQs * disabled, which upsets smp_call_function_single(), however * we know the event must be on the current CPU, therefore we * don't need to use it. */ if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) event->pmu->read(event); perf_event_update_time(event); /* * In order to keep per-task stats reliable we need to flip the event * values when we flip the contexts. */ value = local64_read(&next_event->count); value = local64_xchg(&event->count, value); local64_set(&next_event->count, value); swap(event->total_time_enabled, next_event->total_time_enabled); swap(event->total_time_running, next_event->total_time_running); /* * Since we swizzled the values, update the user visible data too. */ perf_event_update_userpage(event); perf_event_update_userpage(next_event); } static void perf_event_sync_stat(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_event_context *next_ctx) { struct perf_event *event, *next_event; if (!ctx->nr_stat) return; update_context_time(ctx); event = list_first_entry(&ctx->event_list, struct perf_event, event_entry); next_event = list_first_entry(&next_ctx->event_list, struct perf_event, event_entry); while (&event->event_entry != &ctx->event_list && &next_event->event_entry != &next_ctx->event_list) { __perf_event_sync_stat(event, next_event); event = list_next_entry(event, event_entry); next_event = list_next_entry(next_event, event_entry); } } static void perf_event_context_sched_out(struct task_struct *task, int ctxn, struct task_struct *next) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = task->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn]; struct perf_event_context *next_ctx; struct perf_event_context *parent, *next_parent; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; int do_switch = 1; struct pmu *pmu; if (likely(!ctx)) return; pmu = ctx->pmu; cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); if (!cpuctx->task_ctx) return; rcu_read_lock(); next_ctx = next->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn]; if (!next_ctx) goto unlock; parent = rcu_dereference(ctx->parent_ctx); next_parent = rcu_dereference(next_ctx->parent_ctx); /* If neither context have a parent context; they cannot be clones. */ if (!parent && !next_parent) goto unlock; if (next_parent == ctx || next_ctx == parent || next_parent == parent) { /* * Looks like the two contexts are clones, so we might be * able to optimize the context switch. We lock both * contexts and check that they are clones under the * lock (including re-checking that neither has been * uncloned in the meantime). It doesn't matter which * order we take the locks because no other cpu could * be trying to lock both of these tasks. */ raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); raw_spin_lock_nested(&next_ctx->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); if (context_equiv(ctx, next_ctx)) { WRITE_ONCE(ctx->task, next); WRITE_ONCE(next_ctx->task, task); perf_pmu_disable(pmu); if (cpuctx->sched_cb_usage && pmu->sched_task) pmu->sched_task(ctx, false); /* * PMU specific parts of task perf context can require * additional synchronization. As an example of such * synchronization see implementation details of Intel * LBR call stack data profiling; */ if (pmu->swap_task_ctx) pmu->swap_task_ctx(ctx, next_ctx); else swap(ctx->task_ctx_data, next_ctx->task_ctx_data); perf_pmu_enable(pmu); /* * RCU_INIT_POINTER here is safe because we've not * modified the ctx and the above modification of * ctx->task and ctx->task_ctx_data are immaterial * since those values are always verified under * ctx->lock which we're now holding. */ RCU_INIT_POINTER(task->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn], next_ctx); RCU_INIT_POINTER(next->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn], ctx); do_switch = 0; perf_event_sync_stat(ctx, next_ctx); } raw_spin_unlock(&next_ctx->lock); raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); } unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); if (do_switch) { raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); perf_pmu_disable(pmu); if (cpuctx->sched_cb_usage && pmu->sched_task) pmu->sched_task(ctx, false); task_ctx_sched_out(cpuctx, ctx, EVENT_ALL); perf_pmu_enable(pmu); raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); } } static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, sched_cb_list); void perf_sched_cb_dec(struct pmu *pmu) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = this_cpu_ptr(pmu->pmu_cpu_context); this_cpu_dec(perf_sched_cb_usages); if (!--cpuctx->sched_cb_usage) list_del(&cpuctx->sched_cb_entry); } void perf_sched_cb_inc(struct pmu *pmu) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = this_cpu_ptr(pmu->pmu_cpu_context); if (!cpuctx->sched_cb_usage++) list_add(&cpuctx->sched_cb_entry, this_cpu_ptr(&sched_cb_list)); this_cpu_inc(perf_sched_cb_usages); } /* * This function provides the context switch callback to the lower code * layer. It is invoked ONLY when the context switch callback is enabled. * * This callback is relevant even to per-cpu events; for example multi event * PEBS requires this to provide PID/TID information. This requires we flush * all queued PEBS records before we context switch to a new task. */ static void __perf_pmu_sched_task(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, bool sched_in) { struct pmu *pmu; pmu = cpuctx->ctx.pmu; /* software PMUs will not have sched_task */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!pmu->sched_task)) return; perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, cpuctx->task_ctx); perf_pmu_disable(pmu); pmu->sched_task(cpuctx->task_ctx, sched_in); perf_pmu_enable(pmu); perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, cpuctx->task_ctx); } static void perf_pmu_sched_task(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next, bool sched_in) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; if (prev == next) return; list_for_each_entry(cpuctx, this_cpu_ptr(&sched_cb_list), sched_cb_entry) { /* will be handled in perf_event_context_sched_in/out */ if (cpuctx->task_ctx) continue; __perf_pmu_sched_task(cpuctx, sched_in); } } static void perf_event_switch(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *next_prev, bool sched_in); #define for_each_task_context_nr(ctxn) \ for ((ctxn) = 0; (ctxn) < perf_nr_task_contexts; (ctxn)++) /* * Called from scheduler to remove the events of the current task, * with interrupts disabled. * * We stop each event and update the event value in event->count. * * This does not protect us against NMI, but disable() * sets the disabled bit in the control field of event _before_ * accessing the event control register. If a NMI hits, then it will * not restart the event. */ void __perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *next) { int ctxn; if (__this_cpu_read(perf_sched_cb_usages)) perf_pmu_sched_task(task, next, false); if (atomic_read(&nr_switch_events)) perf_event_switch(task, next, false); for_each_task_context_nr(ctxn) perf_event_context_sched_out(task, ctxn, next); /* * if cgroup events exist on this CPU, then we need * to check if we have to switch out PMU state. * cgroup event are system-wide mode only */ if (atomic_read(this_cpu_ptr(&perf_cgroup_events))) perf_cgroup_sched_out(task, next); } /* * Called with IRQs disabled */ static void cpu_ctx_sched_out(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type) { ctx_sched_out(&cpuctx->ctx, cpuctx, event_type); } static bool perf_less_group_idx(const void *l, const void *r) { const struct perf_event *le = *(const struct perf_event **)l; const struct perf_event *re = *(const struct perf_event **)r; return le->group_index < re->group_index; } static void swap_ptr(void *l, void *r) { void **lp = l, **rp = r; swap(*lp, *rp); } static const struct min_heap_callbacks perf_min_heap = { .elem_size = sizeof(struct perf_event *), .less = perf_less_group_idx, .swp = swap_ptr, }; static void __heap_add(struct min_heap *heap, struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event **itrs = heap->data; if (event) { itrs[heap->nr] = event; heap->nr++; } } static noinline int visit_groups_merge(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_groups *groups, int cpu, int (*func)(struct perf_event *, void *), void *data) { #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = NULL; #endif /* Space for per CPU and/or any CPU event iterators. */ struct perf_event *itrs[2]; struct min_heap event_heap; struct perf_event **evt; int ret; if (cpuctx) { event_heap = (struct min_heap){ .data = cpuctx->heap, .nr = 0, .size = cpuctx->heap_size, }; lockdep_assert_held(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF if (cpuctx->cgrp) css = &cpuctx->cgrp->css; #endif } else { event_heap = (struct min_heap){ .data = itrs, .nr = 0, .size = ARRAY_SIZE(itrs), }; /* Events not within a CPU context may be on any CPU. */ __heap_add(&event_heap, perf_event_groups_first(groups, -1, NULL)); } evt = event_heap.data; __heap_add(&event_heap, perf_event_groups_first(groups, cpu, NULL)); #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF for (; css; css = css->parent) __heap_add(&event_heap, perf_event_groups_first(groups, cpu, css->cgroup)); #endif min_heapify_all(&event_heap, &perf_min_heap); while (event_heap.nr) { ret = func(*evt, data); if (ret) return ret; *evt = perf_event_groups_next(*evt); if (*evt) min_heapify(&event_heap, 0, &perf_min_heap); else min_heap_pop(&event_heap, &perf_min_heap); } return 0; } static inline bool event_update_userpage(struct perf_event *event) { if (likely(!atomic_read(&event->mmap_count))) return false; perf_event_update_time(event); perf_set_shadow_time(event, event->ctx); perf_event_update_userpage(event); return true; } static inline void group_update_userpage(struct perf_event *group_event) { struct perf_event *event; if (!event_update_userpage(group_event)) return; for_each_sibling_event(event, group_event) event_update_userpage(event); } static int merge_sched_in(struct perf_event *event, void *data) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); int *can_add_hw = data; if (event->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) return 0; if (!event_filter_match(event)) return 0; if (group_can_go_on(event, cpuctx, *can_add_hw)) { if (!group_sched_in(event, cpuctx, ctx)) list_add_tail(&event->active_list, get_event_list(event)); } if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) { *can_add_hw = 0; if (event->attr.pinned) { perf_cgroup_event_disable(event, ctx); perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR); } else { ctx->rotate_necessary = 1; perf_mux_hrtimer_restart(cpuctx); group_update_userpage(event); } } return 0; } static void ctx_pinned_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx) { int can_add_hw = 1; if (ctx != &cpuctx->ctx) cpuctx = NULL; visit_groups_merge(cpuctx, &ctx->pinned_groups, smp_processor_id(), merge_sched_in, &can_add_hw); } static void ctx_flexible_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx) { int can_add_hw = 1; if (ctx != &cpuctx->ctx) cpuctx = NULL; visit_groups_merge(cpuctx, &ctx->flexible_groups, smp_processor_id(), merge_sched_in, &can_add_hw); } static void ctx_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type, struct task_struct *task) { int is_active = ctx->is_active; u64 now; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock); if (likely(!ctx->nr_events)) return; ctx->is_active |= (event_type | EVENT_TIME); if (ctx->task) { if (!is_active) cpuctx->task_ctx = ctx; else WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx); } is_active ^= ctx->is_active; /* changed bits */ if (is_active & EVENT_TIME) { /* start ctx time */ now = perf_clock(); ctx->timestamp = now; perf_cgroup_set_timestamp(task, ctx); } /* * First go through the list and put on any pinned groups * in order to give them the best chance of going on. */ if (is_active & EVENT_PINNED) ctx_pinned_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx); /* Then walk through the lower prio flexible groups */ if (is_active & EVENT_FLEXIBLE) ctx_flexible_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx); } static void cpu_ctx_sched_in(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type, struct task_struct *task) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = &cpuctx->ctx; ctx_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx, event_type, task); } static void perf_event_context_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct task_struct *task) { struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; struct pmu *pmu = ctx->pmu; cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); if (cpuctx->task_ctx == ctx) { if (cpuctx->sched_cb_usage) __perf_pmu_sched_task(cpuctx, true); return; } perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, ctx); /* * We must check ctx->nr_events while holding ctx->lock, such * that we serialize against perf_install_in_context(). */ if (!ctx->nr_events) goto unlock; perf_pmu_disable(pmu); /* * We want to keep the following priority order: * cpu pinned (that don't need to move), task pinned, * cpu flexible, task flexible. * * However, if task's ctx is not carrying any pinned * events, no need to flip the cpuctx's events around. */ if (!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&ctx->pinned_groups.tree)) cpu_ctx_sched_out(cpuctx, EVENT_FLEXIBLE); perf_event_sched_in(cpuctx, ctx, task); if (cpuctx->sched_cb_usage && pmu->sched_task) pmu->sched_task(cpuctx->task_ctx, true); perf_pmu_enable(pmu); unlock: perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, ctx); } /* * Called from scheduler to add the events of the current task * with interrupts disabled. * * We restore the event value and then enable it. * * This does not protect us against NMI, but enable() * sets the enabled bit in the control field of event _before_ * accessing the event control register. If a NMI hits, then it will * keep the event running. */ void __perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; int ctxn; /* * If cgroup events exist on this CPU, then we need to check if we have * to switch in PMU state; cgroup event are system-wide mode only. * * Since cgroup events are CPU events, we must schedule these in before * we schedule in the task events. */ if (atomic_read(this_cpu_ptr(&perf_cgroup_events))) perf_cgroup_sched_in(prev, task); for_each_task_context_nr(ctxn) { ctx = task->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn]; if (likely(!ctx)) continue; perf_event_context_sched_in(ctx, task); } if (atomic_read(&nr_switch_events)) perf_event_switch(task, prev, true); if (__this_cpu_read(perf_sched_cb_usages)) perf_pmu_sched_task(prev, task, true); } static u64 perf_calculate_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 nsec, u64 count) { u64 frequency = event->attr.sample_freq; u64 sec = NSEC_PER_SEC; u64 divisor, dividend; int count_fls, nsec_fls, frequency_fls, sec_fls; count_fls = fls64(count); nsec_fls = fls64(nsec); frequency_fls = fls64(frequency); sec_fls = 30; /* * We got @count in @nsec, with a target of sample_freq HZ * the target period becomes: * * @count * 10^9 * period = ------------------- * @nsec * sample_freq * */ /* * Reduce accuracy by one bit such that @a and @b converge * to a similar magnitude. */ #define REDUCE_FLS(a, b) \ do { \ if (a##_fls > b##_fls) { \ a >>= 1; \ a##_fls--; \ } else { \ b >>= 1; \ b##_fls--; \ } \ } while (0) /* * Reduce accuracy until either term fits in a u64, then proceed with * the other, so that finally we can do a u64/u64 division. */ while (count_fls + sec_fls > 64 && nsec_fls + frequency_fls > 64) { REDUCE_FLS(nsec, frequency); REDUCE_FLS(sec, count); } if (count_fls + sec_fls > 64) { divisor = nsec * frequency; while (count_fls + sec_fls > 64) { REDUCE_FLS(count, sec); divisor >>= 1; } dividend = count * sec; } else { dividend = count * sec; while (nsec_fls + frequency_fls > 64) { REDUCE_FLS(nsec, frequency); dividend >>= 1; } divisor = nsec * frequency; } if (!divisor) return dividend; return div64_u64(dividend, divisor); } static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, perf_throttled_count); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, perf_throttled_seq); static void perf_adjust_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 nsec, u64 count, bool disable) { struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; s64 period, sample_period; s64 delta; period = perf_calculate_period(event, nsec, count); delta = (s64)(period - hwc->sample_period); delta = (delta + 7) / 8; /* low pass filter */ sample_period = hwc->sample_period + delta; if (!sample_period) sample_period = 1; hwc->sample_period = sample_period; if (local64_read(&hwc->period_left) > 8*sample_period) { if (disable) event->pmu->stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE); local64_set(&hwc->period_left, 0); if (disable) event->pmu->start(event, PERF_EF_RELOAD); } } /* * combine freq adjustment with unthrottling to avoid two passes over the * events. At the same time, make sure, having freq events does not change * the rate of unthrottling as that would introduce bias. */ static void perf_adjust_freq_unthr_context(struct perf_event_context *ctx, int needs_unthr) { struct perf_event *event; struct hw_perf_event *hwc; u64 now, period = TICK_NSEC; s64 delta; /* * only need to iterate over all events iff: * - context have events in frequency mode (needs freq adjust) * - there are events to unthrottle on this cpu */ if (!(ctx->nr_freq || needs_unthr)) return; raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); perf_pmu_disable(ctx->pmu); list_for_each_entry_rcu(event, &ctx->event_list, event_entry) { if (event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) continue; if (!event_filter_match(event)) continue; perf_pmu_disable(event->pmu); hwc = &event->hw; if (hwc->interrupts == MAX_INTERRUPTS) { hwc->interrupts = 0; perf_log_throttle(event, 1); event->pmu->start(event, 0); } if (!event->attr.freq || !event->attr.sample_freq) goto next; /* * stop the event and update event->count */ event->pmu->stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE); now = local64_read(&event->count); delta = now - hwc->freq_count_stamp; hwc->freq_count_stamp = now; /* * restart the event * reload only if value has changed * we have stopped the event so tell that * to perf_adjust_period() to avoid stopping it * twice. */ if (delta > 0) perf_adjust_period(event, period, delta, false); event->pmu->start(event, delta > 0 ? PERF_EF_RELOAD : 0); next: perf_pmu_enable(event->pmu); } perf_pmu_enable(ctx->pmu); raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); } /* * Move @event to the tail of the @ctx's elegible events. */ static void rotate_ctx(struct perf_event_context *ctx, struct perf_event *event) { /* * Rotate the first entry last of non-pinned groups. Rotation might be * disabled by the inheritance code. */ if (ctx->rotate_disable) return; perf_event_groups_delete(&ctx->flexible_groups, event); perf_event_groups_insert(&ctx->flexible_groups, event); } /* pick an event from the flexible_groups to rotate */ static inline struct perf_event * ctx_event_to_rotate(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_event *event; /* pick the first active flexible event */ event = list_first_entry_or_null(&ctx->flexible_active, struct perf_event, active_list); /* if no active flexible event, pick the first event */ if (!event) { event = rb_entry_safe(rb_first(&ctx->flexible_groups.tree), typeof(*event), group_node); } /* * Unconditionally clear rotate_necessary; if ctx_flexible_sched_in() * finds there are unschedulable events, it will set it again. */ ctx->rotate_necessary = 0; return event; } static bool perf_rotate_context(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx) { struct perf_event *cpu_event = NULL, *task_event = NULL; struct perf_event_context *task_ctx = NULL; int cpu_rotate, task_rotate; /* * Since we run this from IRQ context, nobody can install new * events, thus the event count values are stable. */ cpu_rotate = cpuctx->ctx.rotate_necessary; task_ctx = cpuctx->task_ctx; task_rotate = task_ctx ? task_ctx->rotate_necessary : 0; if (!(cpu_rotate || task_rotate)) return false; perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, cpuctx->task_ctx); perf_pmu_disable(cpuctx->ctx.pmu); if (task_rotate) task_event = ctx_event_to_rotate(task_ctx); if (cpu_rotate) cpu_event = ctx_event_to_rotate(&cpuctx->ctx); /* * As per the order given at ctx_resched() first 'pop' task flexible * and then, if needed CPU flexible. */ if (task_event || (task_ctx && cpu_event)) ctx_sched_out(task_ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_FLEXIBLE); if (cpu_event) cpu_ctx_sched_out(cpuctx, EVENT_FLEXIBLE); if (task_event) rotate_ctx(task_ctx, task_event); if (cpu_event) rotate_ctx(&cpuctx->ctx, cpu_event); perf_event_sched_in(cpuctx, task_ctx, current); perf_pmu_enable(cpuctx->ctx.pmu); perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, cpuctx->task_ctx); return true; } void perf_event_task_tick(void) { struct list_head *head = this_cpu_ptr(&active_ctx_list); struct perf_event_context *ctx, *tmp; int throttled; lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); __this_cpu_inc(perf_throttled_seq); throttled = __this_cpu_xchg(perf_throttled_count, 0); tick_dep_clear_cpu(smp_processor_id(), TICK_DEP_BIT_PERF_EVENTS); list_for_each_entry_safe(ctx, tmp, head, active_ctx_list) perf_adjust_freq_unthr_context(ctx, throttled); } static int event_enable_on_exec(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { if (!event->attr.enable_on_exec) return 0; event->attr.enable_on_exec = 0; if (event->state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) return 0; perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE); return 1; } /* * Enable all of a task's events that have been marked enable-on-exec. * This expects task == current. */ static void perf_event_enable_on_exec(int ctxn) { struct perf_event_context *ctx, *clone_ctx = NULL; enum event_type_t event_type = 0; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; struct perf_event *event; unsigned long flags; int enabled = 0; local_irq_save(flags); ctx = current->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn]; if (!ctx || !ctx->nr_events) goto out; cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, ctx); ctx_sched_out(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME); list_for_each_entry(event, &ctx->event_list, event_entry) { enabled |= event_enable_on_exec(event, ctx); event_type |= get_event_type(event); } /* * Unclone and reschedule this context if we enabled any event. */ if (enabled) { clone_ctx = unclone_ctx(ctx); ctx_resched(cpuctx, ctx, event_type); } else { ctx_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME, current); } perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, ctx); out: local_irq_restore(flags); if (clone_ctx) put_ctx(clone_ctx); } struct perf_read_data { struct perf_event *event; bool group; int ret; }; static int __perf_event_read_cpu(struct perf_event *event, int event_cpu) { u16 local_pkg, event_pkg; if (event->group_caps & PERF_EV_CAP_READ_ACTIVE_PKG) { int local_cpu = smp_processor_id(); event_pkg = topology_physical_package_id(event_cpu); local_pkg = topology_physical_package_id(local_cpu); if (event_pkg == local_pkg) return local_cpu; } return event_cpu; } /* * Cross CPU call to read the hardware event */ static void __perf_event_read(void *info) { struct perf_read_data *data = info; struct perf_event *sub, *event = data->event; struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); struct pmu *pmu = event->pmu; /* * If this is a task context, we need to check whether it is * the current task context of this cpu. If not it has been * scheduled out before the smp call arrived. In that case * event->count would have been updated to a recent sample * when the event was scheduled out. */ if (ctx->task && cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx) return; raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); if (ctx->is_active & EVENT_TIME) { update_context_time(ctx); update_cgrp_time_from_event(event); } perf_event_update_time(event); if (data->group) perf_event_update_sibling_time(event); if (event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) goto unlock; if (!data->group) { pmu->read(event); data->ret = 0; goto unlock; } pmu->start_txn(pmu, PERF_PMU_TXN_READ); pmu->read(event); for_each_sibling_event(sub, event) { if (sub->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) { /* * Use sibling's PMU rather than @event's since * sibling could be on different (eg: software) PMU. */ sub->pmu->read(sub); } } data->ret = pmu->commit_txn(pmu); unlock: raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); } static inline u64 perf_event_count(struct perf_event *event) { return local64_read(&event->count) + atomic64_read(&event->child_count); } /* * NMI-safe method to read a local event, that is an event that * is: * - either for the current task, or for this CPU * - does not have inherit set, for inherited task events * will not be local and we cannot read them atomically * - must not have a pmu::count method */ int perf_event_read_local(struct perf_event *event, u64 *value, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { unsigned long flags; int ret = 0; /* * Disabling interrupts avoids all counter scheduling (context * switches, timer based rotation and IPIs). */ local_irq_save(flags); /* * It must not be an event with inherit set, we cannot read * all child counters from atomic context. */ if (event->attr.inherit) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out; } /* If this is a per-task event, it must be for current */ if ((event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK) && event->hw.target != current) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* If this is a per-CPU event, it must be for this CPU */ if (!(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK) && event->cpu != smp_processor_id()) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* If this is a pinned event it must be running on this CPU */ if (event->attr.pinned && event->oncpu != smp_processor_id()) { ret = -EBUSY; goto out; } /* * If the event is currently on this CPU, its either a per-task event, * or local to this CPU. Furthermore it means its ACTIVE (otherwise * oncpu == -1). */ if (event->oncpu == smp_processor_id()) event->pmu->read(event); *value = local64_read(&event->count); if (enabled || running) { u64 now = event->shadow_ctx_time + perf_clock(); u64 __enabled, __running; __perf_update_times(event, now, &__enabled, &__running); if (enabled) *enabled = __enabled; if (running) *running = __running; } out: local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } static int perf_event_read(struct perf_event *event, bool group) { enum perf_event_state state = READ_ONCE(event->state); int event_cpu, ret = 0; /* * If event is enabled and currently active on a CPU, update the * value in the event structure: */ again: if (state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) { struct perf_read_data data; /* * Orders the ->state and ->oncpu loads such that if we see * ACTIVE we must also see the right ->oncpu. * * Matches the smp_wmb() from event_sched_in(). */ smp_rmb(); event_cpu = READ_ONCE(event->oncpu); if ((unsigned)event_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids) return 0; data = (struct perf_read_data){ .event = event, .group = group, .ret = 0, }; preempt_disable(); event_cpu = __perf_event_read_cpu(event, event_cpu); /* * Purposely ignore the smp_call_function_single() return * value. * * If event_cpu isn't a valid CPU it means the event got * scheduled out and that will have updated the event count. * * Therefore, either way, we'll have an up-to-date event count * after this. */ (void)smp_call_function_single(event_cpu, __perf_event_read, &data, 1); preempt_enable(); ret = data.ret; } else if (state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags); state = event->state; if (state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) { raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags); goto again; } /* * May read while context is not active (e.g., thread is * blocked), in that case we cannot update context time */ if (ctx->is_active & EVENT_TIME) { update_context_time(ctx); update_cgrp_time_from_event(event); } perf_event_update_time(event); if (group) perf_event_update_sibling_time(event); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags); } return ret; } /* * Initialize the perf_event context in a task_struct: */ static void __perf_event_init_context(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { raw_spin_lock_init(&ctx->lock); mutex_init(&ctx->mutex); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->active_ctx_list); perf_event_groups_init(&ctx->pinned_groups); perf_event_groups_init(&ctx->flexible_groups); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->event_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->pinned_active); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->flexible_active); refcount_set(&ctx->refcount, 1); } static struct perf_event_context * alloc_perf_context(struct pmu *pmu, struct task_struct *task) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(struct perf_event_context), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ctx) return NULL; __perf_event_init_context(ctx); if (task) ctx->task = get_task_struct(task); ctx->pmu = pmu; return ctx; } static struct task_struct * find_lively_task_by_vpid(pid_t vpid) { struct task_struct *task; rcu_read_lock(); if (!vpid) task = current; else task = find_task_by_vpid(vpid); if (task) get_task_struct(task); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!task) return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH); return task; } /* * Returns a matching context with refcount and pincount. */ static struct perf_event_context * find_get_context(struct pmu *pmu, struct task_struct *task, struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx, *clone_ctx = NULL; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx; void *task_ctx_data = NULL; unsigned long flags; int ctxn, err; int cpu = event->cpu; if (!task) { /* Must be root to operate on a CPU event: */ err = perf_allow_cpu(&event->attr); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); cpuctx = per_cpu_ptr(pmu->pmu_cpu_context, cpu); ctx = &cpuctx->ctx; get_ctx(ctx); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags); ++ctx->pin_count; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags); return ctx; } err = -EINVAL; ctxn = pmu->task_ctx_nr; if (ctxn < 0) goto errout; if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK_DATA) { task_ctx_data = alloc_task_ctx_data(pmu); if (!task_ctx_data) { err = -ENOMEM; goto errout; } } retry: ctx = perf_lock_task_context(task, ctxn, &flags); if (ctx) { clone_ctx = unclone_ctx(ctx); ++ctx->pin_count; if (task_ctx_data && !ctx->task_ctx_data) { ctx->task_ctx_data = task_ctx_data; task_ctx_data = NULL; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags); if (clone_ctx) put_ctx(clone_ctx); } else { ctx = alloc_perf_context(pmu, task); err = -ENOMEM; if (!ctx) goto errout; if (task_ctx_data) { ctx->task_ctx_data = task_ctx_data; task_ctx_data = NULL; } err = 0; mutex_lock(&task->perf_event_mutex); /* * If it has already passed perf_event_exit_task(). * we must see PF_EXITING, it takes this mutex too. */ if (task->flags & PF_EXITING) err = -ESRCH; else if (task->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn]) err = -EAGAIN; else { get_ctx(ctx); ++ctx->pin_count; rcu_assign_pointer(task->perf_event_ctxp[ctxn], ctx); } mutex_unlock(&task->perf_event_mutex); if (unlikely(err)) { put_ctx(ctx); if (err == -EAGAIN) goto retry; goto errout; } } free_task_ctx_data(pmu, task_ctx_data); return ctx; errout: free_task_ctx_data(pmu, task_ctx_data); return ERR_PTR(err); } static void perf_event_free_filter(struct perf_event *event); static void perf_event_free_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event); static void free_event_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct perf_event *event; event = container_of(head, struct perf_event, rcu_head); if (event->ns) put_pid_ns(event->ns); perf_event_free_filter(event); kfree(event); } static void ring_buffer_attach(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_buffer *rb); static void detach_sb_event(struct perf_event *event) { struct pmu_event_list *pel = per_cpu_ptr(&pmu_sb_events, event->cpu); raw_spin_lock(&pel->lock); list_del_rcu(&event->sb_list); raw_spin_unlock(&pel->lock); } static bool is_sb_event(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr; if (event->parent) return false; if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK) return false; if (attr->mmap || attr->mmap_data || attr->mmap2 || attr->comm || attr->comm_exec || attr->task || attr->ksymbol || attr->context_switch || attr->text_poke || attr->bpf_event) return true; return false; } static void unaccount_pmu_sb_event(struct perf_event *event) { if (is_sb_event(event)) detach_sb_event(event); } static void unaccount_event_cpu(struct perf_event *event, int cpu) { if (event->parent) return; if (is_cgroup_event(event)) atomic_dec(&per_cpu(perf_cgroup_events, cpu)); } #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(nr_freq_lock); #endif static void unaccount_freq_event_nohz(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL spin_lock(&nr_freq_lock); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&nr_freq_events)) tick_nohz_dep_clear(TICK_DEP_BIT_PERF_EVENTS); spin_unlock(&nr_freq_lock); #endif } static void unaccount_freq_event(void) { if (tick_nohz_full_enabled()) unaccount_freq_event_nohz(); else atomic_dec(&nr_freq_events); } static void unaccount_event(struct perf_event *event) { bool dec = false; if (event->parent) return; if (event->attach_state & (PERF_ATTACH_TASK | PERF_ATTACH_SCHED_CB)) dec = true; if (event->attr.mmap || event->attr.mmap_data) atomic_dec(&nr_mmap_events); if (event->attr.comm) atomic_dec(&nr_comm_events); if (event->attr.namespaces) atomic_dec(&nr_namespaces_events); if (event->attr.cgroup) atomic_dec(&nr_cgroup_events); if (event->attr.task) atomic_dec(&nr_task_events); if (event->attr.freq) unaccount_freq_event(); if (event->attr.context_switch) { dec = true; atomic_dec(&nr_switch_events); } if (is_cgroup_event(event)) dec = true; if (has_branch_stack(event)) dec = true; if (event->attr.ksymbol) atomic_dec(&nr_ksymbol_events); if (event->attr.bpf_event) atomic_dec(&nr_bpf_events); if (event->attr.text_poke) atomic_dec(&nr_text_poke_events); if (dec) { if (!atomic_add_unless(&perf_sched_count, -1, 1)) schedule_delayed_work(&perf_sched_work, HZ); } unaccount_event_cpu(event, event->cpu); unaccount_pmu_sb_event(event); } static void perf_sched_delayed(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&perf_sched_mutex); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&perf_sched_count)) static_branch_disable(&perf_sched_events); mutex_unlock(&perf_sched_mutex); } /* * The following implement mutual exclusion of events on "exclusive" pmus * (PERF_PMU_CAP_EXCLUSIVE). Such pmus can only have one event scheduled * at a time, so we disallow creating events that might conflict, namely: * * 1) cpu-wide events in the presence of per-task events, * 2) per-task events in the presence of cpu-wide events, * 3) two matching events on the same context. * * The former two cases are handled in the allocation path (perf_event_alloc(), * _free_event()), the latter -- before the first perf_install_in_context(). */ static int exclusive_event_init(struct perf_event *event) { struct pmu *pmu = event->pmu; if (!is_exclusive_pmu(pmu)) return 0; /* * Prevent co-existence of per-task and cpu-wide events on the * same exclusive pmu. * * Negative pmu::exclusive_cnt means there are cpu-wide * events on this "exclusive" pmu, positive means there are * per-task events. * * Since this is called in perf_event_alloc() path, event::ctx * doesn't exist yet; it is, however, safe to use PERF_ATTACH_TASK * to mean "per-task event", because unlike other attach states it * never gets cleared. */ if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK) { if (!atomic_inc_unless_negative(&pmu->exclusive_cnt)) return -EBUSY; } else { if (!atomic_dec_unless_positive(&pmu->exclusive_cnt)) return -EBUSY; } return 0; } static void exclusive_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event) { struct pmu *pmu = event->pmu; if (!is_exclusive_pmu(pmu)) return; /* see comment in exclusive_event_init() */ if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK) atomic_dec(&pmu->exclusive_cnt); else atomic_inc(&pmu->exclusive_cnt); } static bool exclusive_event_match(struct perf_event *e1, struct perf_event *e2) { if ((e1->pmu == e2->pmu) && (e1->cpu == e2->cpu || e1->cpu == -1 || e2->cpu == -1)) return true; return false; } static bool exclusive_event_installable(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { struct perf_event *iter_event; struct pmu *pmu = event->pmu; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->mutex); if (!is_exclusive_pmu(pmu)) return true; list_for_each_entry(iter_event, &ctx->event_list, event_entry) { if (exclusive_event_match(iter_event, event)) return false; } return true; } static void perf_addr_filters_splice(struct perf_event *event, struct list_head *head); static void _free_event(struct perf_event *event) { irq_work_sync(&event->pending); unaccount_event(event); security_perf_event_free(event); if (event->rb) { /* * Can happen when we close an event with re-directed output. * * Since we have a 0 refcount, perf_mmap_close() will skip * over us; possibly making our ring_buffer_put() the last. */ mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex); ring_buffer_attach(event, NULL); mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex); } if (is_cgroup_event(event)) perf_detach_cgroup(event); if (!event->parent) { if (event->attr.sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN) put_callchain_buffers(); } perf_event_free_bpf_prog(event); perf_addr_filters_splice(event, NULL); kfree(event->addr_filter_ranges); if (event->destroy) event->destroy(event); /* * Must be after ->destroy(), due to uprobe_perf_close() using * hw.target. */ if (event->hw.target) put_task_struct(event->hw.target); /* * perf_event_free_task() relies on put_ctx() being 'last', in particular * all task references must be cleaned up. */ if (event->ctx) put_ctx(event->ctx); exclusive_event_destroy(event); module_put(event->pmu->module); call_rcu(&event->rcu_head, free_event_rcu); } /* * Used to free events which have a known refcount of 1, such as in error paths * where the event isn't exposed yet and inherited events. */ static void free_event(struct perf_event *event) { if (WARN(atomic_long_cmpxchg(&event->refcount, 1, 0) != 1, "unexpected event refcount: %ld; ptr=%p\n", atomic_long_read(&event->refcount), event)) { /* leak to avoid use-after-free */ return; } _free_event(event); } /* * Remove user event from the owner task. */ static void perf_remove_from_owner(struct perf_event *event) { struct task_struct *owner; rcu_read_lock(); /* * Matches the smp_store_release() in perf_event_exit_task(). If we * observe !owner it means the list deletion is complete and we can * indeed free this event, otherwise we need to serialize on * owner->perf_event_mutex. */ owner = READ_ONCE(event->owner); if (owner) { /* * Since delayed_put_task_struct() also drops the last * task reference we can safely take a new reference * while holding the rcu_read_lock(). */ get_task_struct(owner); } rcu_read_unlock(); if (owner) { /* * If we're here through perf_event_exit_task() we're already * holding ctx->mutex which would be an inversion wrt. the * normal lock order. * * However we can safely take this lock because its the child * ctx->mutex. */ mutex_lock_nested(&owner->perf_event_mutex, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); /* * We have to re-check the event->owner field, if it is cleared * we raced with perf_event_exit_task(), acquiring the mutex * ensured they're done, and we can proceed with freeing the * event. */ if (event->owner) { list_del_init(&event->owner_entry); smp_store_release(&event->owner, NULL); } mutex_unlock(&owner->perf_event_mutex); put_task_struct(owner); } } static void put_event(struct perf_event *event) { if (!atomic_long_dec_and_test(&event->refcount)) return; _free_event(event); } /* * Kill an event dead; while event:refcount will preserve the event * object, it will not preserve its functionality. Once the last 'user' * gives up the object, we'll destroy the thing. */ int perf_event_release_kernel(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_event *child, *tmp; LIST_HEAD(free_list); /* * If we got here through err_file: fput(event_file); we will not have * attached to a context yet. */ if (!ctx) { WARN_ON_ONCE(event->attach_state & (PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT|PERF_ATTACH_GROUP)); goto no_ctx; } if (!is_kernel_event(event)) perf_remove_from_owner(event); ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); WARN_ON_ONCE(ctx->parent_ctx); perf_remove_from_context(event, DETACH_GROUP); raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); /* * Mark this event as STATE_DEAD, there is no external reference to it * anymore. * * Anybody acquiring event->child_mutex after the below loop _must_ * also see this, most importantly inherit_event() which will avoid * placing more children on the list. * * Thus this guarantees that we will in fact observe and kill _ALL_ * child events. */ event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_DEAD; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); again: mutex_lock(&event->child_mutex); list_for_each_entry(child, &event->child_list, child_list) { /* * Cannot change, child events are not migrated, see the * comment with perf_event_ctx_lock_nested(). */ ctx = READ_ONCE(child->ctx); /* * Since child_mutex nests inside ctx::mutex, we must jump * through hoops. We start by grabbing a reference on the ctx. * * Since the event cannot get freed while we hold the * child_mutex, the context must also exist and have a !0 * reference count. */ get_ctx(ctx); /* * Now that we have a ctx ref, we can drop child_mutex, and * acquire ctx::mutex without fear of it going away. Then we * can re-acquire child_mutex. */ mutex_unlock(&event->child_mutex); mutex_lock(&ctx->mutex); mutex_lock(&event->child_mutex); /* * Now that we hold ctx::mutex and child_mutex, revalidate our * state, if child is still the first entry, it didn't get freed * and we can continue doing so. */ tmp = list_first_entry_or_null(&event->child_list, struct perf_event, child_list); if (tmp == child) { perf_remove_from_context(child, DETACH_GROUP); list_move(&child->child_list, &free_list); /* * This matches the refcount bump in inherit_event(); * this can't be the last reference. */ put_event(event); } mutex_unlock(&event->child_mutex); mutex_unlock(&ctx->mutex); put_ctx(ctx); goto again; } mutex_unlock(&event->child_mutex); list_for_each_entry_safe(child, tmp, &free_list, child_list) { void *var = &child->ctx->refcount; list_del(&child->child_list); free_event(child); /* * Wake any perf_event_free_task() waiting for this event to be * freed. */ smp_mb(); /* pairs with wait_var_event() */ wake_up_var(var); } no_ctx: put_event(event); /* Must be the 'last' reference */ return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_release_kernel); /* * Called when the last reference to the file is gone. */ static int perf_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { perf_event_release_kernel(file->private_data); return 0; } static u64 __perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { struct perf_event *child; u64 total = 0; *enabled = 0; *running = 0; mutex_lock(&event->child_mutex); (void)perf_event_read(event, false); total += perf_event_count(event); *enabled += event->total_time_enabled + atomic64_read(&event->child_total_time_enabled); *running += event->total_time_running + atomic64_read(&event->child_total_time_running); list_for_each_entry(child, &event->child_list, child_list) { (void)perf_event_read(child, false); total += perf_event_count(child); *enabled += child->total_time_enabled; *running += child->total_time_running; } mutex_unlock(&event->child_mutex); return total; } u64 perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; u64 count; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); count = __perf_event_read_value(event, enabled, running); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); return count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_read_value); static int __perf_read_group_add(struct perf_event *leader, u64 read_format, u64 *values) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = leader->ctx; struct perf_event *sub; unsigned long flags; int n = 1; /* skip @nr */ int ret; ret = perf_event_read(leader, true); if (ret) return ret; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags); /* * Since we co-schedule groups, {enabled,running} times of siblings * will be identical to those of the leader, so we only publish one * set. */ if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_ENABLED) { values[n++] += leader->total_time_enabled + atomic64_read(&leader->child_total_time_enabled); } if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_RUNNING) { values[n++] += leader->total_time_running + atomic64_read(&leader->child_total_time_running); } /* * Write {count,id} tuples for every sibling. */ values[n++] += perf_event_count(leader); if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_ID) values[n++] = primary_event_id(leader); for_each_sibling_event(sub, leader) { values[n++] += perf_event_count(sub); if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_ID) values[n++] = primary_event_id(sub); } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags); return 0; } static int perf_read_group(struct perf_event *event, u64 read_format, char __user *buf) { struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader, *child; struct perf_event_context *ctx = leader->ctx; int ret; u64 *values; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->mutex); values = kzalloc(event->read_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!values) return -ENOMEM; values[0] = 1 + leader->nr_siblings; /* * By locking the child_mutex of the leader we effectively * lock the child list of all siblings.. XXX explain how. */ mutex_lock(&leader->child_mutex); ret = __perf_read_group_add(leader, read_format, values); if (ret) goto unlock; list_for_each_entry(child, &leader->child_list, child_list) { ret = __perf_read_group_add(child, read_format, values); if (ret) goto unlock; } mutex_unlock(&leader->child_mutex); ret = event->read_size; if (copy_to_user(buf, values, event->read_size)) ret = -EFAULT; goto out; unlock: mutex_unlock(&leader->child_mutex); out: kfree(values); return ret; } static int perf_read_one(struct perf_event *event, u64 read_format, char __user *buf) { u64 enabled, running; u64 values[4]; int n = 0; values[n++] = __perf_event_read_value(event, &enabled, &running); if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_ENABLED) values[n++] = enabled; if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_RUNNING) values[n++] = running; if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_ID) values[n++] = primary_event_id(event); if (copy_to_user(buf, values, n * sizeof(u64))) return -EFAULT; return n * sizeof(u64); } static bool is_event_hup(struct perf_event *event) { bool no_children; if (event->state > PERF_EVENT_STATE_EXIT) return false; mutex_lock(&event->child_mutex); no_children = list_empty(&event->child_list); mutex_unlock(&event->child_mutex); return no_children; } /* * Read the performance event - simple non blocking version for now */ static ssize_t __perf_read(struct perf_event *event, char __user *buf, size_t count) { u64 read_format = event->attr.read_format; int ret; /* * Return end-of-file for a read on an event that is in * error state (i.e. because it was pinned but it couldn't be * scheduled on to the CPU at some point). */ if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR) return 0; if (count < event->read_size) return -ENOSPC; WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx->parent_ctx); if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_GROUP) ret = perf_read_group(event, read_format, buf); else ret = perf_read_one(event, read_format, buf); return ret; } static ssize_t perf_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct perf_event *event = file->private_data; struct perf_event_context *ctx; int ret; ret = security_perf_event_read(event); if (ret) return ret; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); ret = __perf_read(event, buf, count); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); return ret; } static __poll_t perf_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait) { struct perf_event *event = file->private_data; struct perf_buffer *rb; __poll_t events = EPOLLHUP; poll_wait(file, &event->waitq, wait); if (is_event_hup(event)) return events; /* * Pin the event->rb by taking event->mmap_mutex; otherwise * perf_event_set_output() can swizzle our rb and make us miss wakeups. */ mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex); rb = event->rb; if (rb) events = atomic_xchg(&rb->poll, 0); mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex); return events; } static void _perf_event_reset(struct perf_event *event) { (void)perf_event_read(event, false); local64_set(&event->count, 0); perf_event_update_userpage(event); } /* Assume it's not an event with inherit set. */ u64 perf_event_pause(struct perf_event *event, bool reset) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; u64 count; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); WARN_ON_ONCE(event->attr.inherit); _perf_event_disable(event); count = local64_read(&event->count); if (reset) local64_set(&event->count, 0); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); return count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_pause); /* * Holding the top-level event's child_mutex means that any * descendant process that has inherited this event will block * in perf_event_exit_event() if it goes to exit, thus satisfying the * task existence requirements of perf_event_enable/disable. */ static void perf_event_for_each_child(struct perf_event *event, void (*func)(struct perf_event *)) { struct perf_event *child; WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx->parent_ctx); mutex_lock(&event->child_mutex); func(event); list_for_each_entry(child, &event->child_list, child_list) func(child); mutex_unlock(&event->child_mutex); } static void perf_event_for_each(struct perf_event *event, void (*func)(struct perf_event *)) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_event *sibling; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->mutex); event = event->group_leader; perf_event_for_each_child(event, func); for_each_sibling_event(sibling, event) perf_event_for_each_child(sibling, func); } static void __perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx, void *info) { u64 value = *((u64 *)info); bool active; if (event->attr.freq) { event->attr.sample_freq = value; } else { event->attr.sample_period = value; event->hw.sample_period = value; } active = (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE); if (active) { perf_pmu_disable(ctx->pmu); /* * We could be throttled; unthrottle now to avoid the tick * trying to unthrottle while we already re-started the event. */ if (event->hw.interrupts == MAX_INTERRUPTS) { event->hw.interrupts = 0; perf_log_throttle(event, 1); } event->pmu->stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE); } local64_set(&event->hw.period_left, 0); if (active) { event->pmu->start(event, PERF_EF_RELOAD); perf_pmu_enable(ctx->pmu); } } static int perf_event_check_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value) { return event->pmu->check_period(event, value); } static int _perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value) { if (!is_sampling_event(event)) return -EINVAL; if (!value) return -EINVAL; if (event->attr.freq && value > sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate) return -EINVAL; if (perf_event_check_period(event, value)) return -EINVAL; if (!event->attr.freq && (value & (1ULL << 63))) return -EINVAL; event_function_call(event, __perf_event_period, &value); return 0; } int perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; int ret; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); ret = _perf_event_period(event, value); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_period); static const struct file_operations perf_fops; static inline int perf_fget_light(int fd, struct fd *p) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; if (f.file->f_op != &perf_fops) { fdput(f); return -EBADF; } *p = f; return 0; } static int perf_event_set_output(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event *output_event); static int perf_event_set_filter(struct perf_event *event, void __user *arg); static int perf_event_set_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, u32 prog_fd); static int perf_copy_attr(struct perf_event_attr __user *uattr, struct perf_event_attr *attr); static long _perf_ioctl(struct perf_event *event, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { void (*func)(struct perf_event *); u32 flags = arg; switch (cmd) { case PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE: func = _perf_event_enable; break; case PERF_EVENT_IOC_DISABLE: func = _perf_event_disable; break; case PERF_EVENT_IOC_RESET: func = _perf_event_reset; break; case PERF_EVENT_IOC_REFRESH: return _perf_event_refresh(event, arg); case PERF_EVENT_IOC_PERIOD: { u64 value; if (copy_from_user(&value, (u64 __user *)arg, sizeof(value))) return -EFAULT; return _perf_event_period(event, value); } case PERF_EVENT_IOC_ID: { u64 id = primary_event_id(event); if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &id, sizeof(id))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } case PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_OUTPUT: { int ret; if (arg != -1) { struct perf_event *output_event; struct fd output; ret = perf_fget_light(arg, &output); if (ret) return ret; output_event = output.file->private_data; ret = perf_event_set_output(event, output_event); fdput(output); } else { ret = perf_event_set_output(event, NULL); } return ret; } case PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_FILTER: return perf_event_set_filter(event, (void __user *)arg); case PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_BPF: return perf_event_set_bpf_prog(event, arg); case PERF_EVENT_IOC_PAUSE_OUTPUT: { struct perf_buffer *rb; rcu_read_lock(); rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb); if (!rb || !rb->nr_pages) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -EINVAL; } rb_toggle_paused(rb, !!arg); rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; } case PERF_EVENT_IOC_QUERY_BPF: return perf_event_query_prog_array(event, (void __user *)arg); case PERF_EVENT_IOC_MODIFY_ATTRIBUTES: { struct perf_event_attr new_attr; int err = perf_copy_attr((struct perf_event_attr __user *)arg, &new_attr); if (err) return err; return perf_event_modify_attr(event, &new_attr); } default: return -ENOTTY; } if (flags & PERF_IOC_FLAG_GROUP) perf_event_for_each(event, func); else perf_event_for_each_child(event, func); return 0; } static long perf_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct perf_event *event = file->private_data; struct perf_event_context *ctx; long ret; /* Treat ioctl like writes as it is likely a mutating operation. */ ret = security_perf_event_write(event); if (ret) return ret; ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); ret = _perf_ioctl(event, cmd, arg); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static long perf_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { switch (_IOC_NR(cmd)) { case _IOC_NR(PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_FILTER): case _IOC_NR(PERF_EVENT_IOC_ID): case _IOC_NR(PERF_EVENT_IOC_QUERY_BPF): case _IOC_NR(PERF_EVENT_IOC_MODIFY_ATTRIBUTES): /* Fix up pointer size (usually 4 -> 8 in 32-on-64-bit case */ if (_IOC_SIZE(cmd) == sizeof(compat_uptr_t)) { cmd &= ~IOCSIZE_MASK; cmd |= sizeof(void *) << IOCSIZE_SHIFT; } break; } return perf_ioctl(file, cmd, arg); } #else # define perf_compat_ioctl NULL #endif int perf_event_task_enable(void) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; struct perf_event *event; mutex_lock(&current->perf_event_mutex); list_for_each_entry(event, &current->perf_event_list, owner_entry) { ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); perf_event_for_each_child(event, _perf_event_enable); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); } mutex_unlock(&current->perf_event_mutex); return 0; } int perf_event_task_disable(void) { struct perf_event_context *ctx; struct perf_event *event; mutex_lock(&current->perf_event_mutex); list_for_each_entry(event, &current->perf_event_list, owner_entry) { ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event); perf_event_for_each_child(event, _perf_event_disable); perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx); } mutex_unlock(&current->perf_event_mutex); return 0; } static int perf_event_index(struct perf_event *event) { if (event->hw.state & PERF_HES_STOPPED) return 0; if (event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) return 0; return event->pmu->event_idx(event); } static void calc_timer_values(struct perf_event *event, u64 *now, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { u64 ctx_time; *now = perf_clock(); ctx_time = event->shadow_ctx_time + *now; __perf_update_times(event, ctx_time, enabled, running); } static void perf_event_init_userpage(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_mmap_page *userpg; struct perf_buffer *rb; rcu_read_lock(); rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb); if (!rb) goto unlock; userpg = rb->user_page; /* Allow new userspace to detect that bit 0 is deprecated */ userpg->cap_bit0_is_deprecated = 1; userpg->size = offsetof(struct perf_event_mmap_page, __reserved); userpg->data_offset = PAGE_SIZE; userpg->data_size = perf_data_size(rb); unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); } void __weak arch_perf_update_userpage( struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_mmap_page *userpg, u64 now) { } /* * Callers need to ensure there can be no nesting of this function, otherwise * the seqlock logic goes bad. We can not serialize this because the arch * code calls this from NMI context. */ void perf_event_update_userpage(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_mmap_page *userpg; struct perf_buffer *rb; u64 enabled, running, now; rcu_read_lock(); rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb); if (!rb) goto unlock; /* * compute total_time_enabled, total_time_running * based on snapshot values taken when the event * was last scheduled in. * * we cannot simply called update_context_time() * because of locking issue as we can be called in * NMI context */ calc_timer_values(event, &now, &enabled, &running); userpg = rb->user_page; /* * Disable preemption to guarantee consistent time stamps are stored to * the user page. */ preempt_disable(); ++userpg->lock; barrier(); userpg->index = perf_event_index(event); userpg->offset = perf_event_count(event); if (userpg->index) userpg->offset -= local64_read(&event->hw.prev_count); userpg->time_enabled = enabled + atomic64_read(&event->child_total_time_enabled); userpg->time_running = running + atomic64_read(&event->child_total_time_running); arch_perf_update_userpage(event, userpg, now); barrier(); ++userpg->lock; preempt_enable(); unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_update_userpage); static vm_fault_t perf_mmap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct perf_event *event = vmf->vma->vm_file->private_data; struct perf_buffer *rb; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE) { if (vmf->pgoff == 0) ret = 0; return ret; } rcu_read_lock(); rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb); if (!rb) goto unlock; if (vmf->pgoff && (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) goto unlock; vmf->page = perf_mmap_to_page(rb, vmf->pgoff); if (!vmf->page) goto unlock; get_page(vmf->page); vmf->page->mapping = vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping; vmf->page->index = vmf->pgoff; ret = 0; unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static void ring_buffer_attach(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_buffer *rb) { struct perf_buffer *old_rb = NULL; unsigned long flags; if (event->rb) { /* * Should be impossible, we set this when removing * event->rb_entry and wait/clear when adding event->rb_entry. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(event->rcu_pending); old_rb = event->rb; spin_lock_irqsave(&old_rb->event_lock, flags); list_del_rcu(&event->rb_entry); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&old_rb->event_lock, flags); event->rcu_batches = get_state_synchronize_rcu(); event->rcu_pending = 1; } if (rb) { if (event->rcu_pending) { cond_synchronize_rcu(event->rcu_batches); event->rcu_pending = 0; } spin_lock_irqsave(&rb->event_lock, flags); list_add_rcu(&event->rb_entry, &rb->event_list); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rb->event_lock, flags); } /* * Avoid racing with perf_mmap_close(AUX): stop the event * before swizzling the event::rb pointer; if it's getting * unmapped, its aux_mmap_count will be 0 and it won't * restart. See the comment in __perf_pmu_output_stop(). * * Data will inevitably be lost when set_output is done in * mid-air, but then again, whoever does it like this is * not in for the data anyway. */ if (has_aux(event)) perf_event_stop(event, 0); rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, rb); if (old_rb) { ring_buffer_put(old_rb); /* * Since we detached before setting the new rb, so that we * could attach the new rb, we could have missed a wakeup. * Provide it now. */ wake_up_all(&event->waitq); } } static void ring_buffer_wakeup(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_buffer *rb; rcu_read_lock(); rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb); if (rb) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(event, &rb->event_list, rb_entry) wake_up_all(&event->waitq); } rcu_read_unlock(); } struct perf_buffer *ring_buffer_get(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_buffer *rb; rcu_read_lock(); rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb); if (rb) { if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&rb->refcount)) rb = NULL; } rcu_read_unlock(); return rb; } void ring_buffer_put(struct perf_buffer *rb) { if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&rb->refcount)) return; WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&rb->event_list)); call_rcu(&rb->rcu_head, rb_free_rcu); } static void perf_mmap_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct perf_event *event = vma->vm_file->private_data; atomic_inc(&event->mmap_count); atomic_inc(&event->rb->mmap_count); if (vma->vm_pgoff) atomic_inc(&event->rb->aux_mmap_count); if (event->pmu->event_mapped) event->pmu->event_mapped(event, vma->vm_mm); } static void perf_pmu_output_stop(struct perf_event *event); /* * A buffer can be mmap()ed multiple times; either directly through the same * event, or through other events by use of perf_event_set_output(). * * In order to undo the VM accounting done by perf_mmap() we need to destroy * the buffer here, where we still have a VM context. This means we need * to detach all events redirecting to us. */ static void perf_mmap_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct perf_event *event = vma->vm_file->private_data; struct perf_buffer *rb = ring_buffer_get(event); struct user_struct *mmap_user = rb->mmap_user; int mmap_locked = rb->mmap_locked; unsigned long size = perf_data_size(rb); bool detach_rest = false; if (event->pmu->event_unmapped) event->pmu->event_unmapped(event, vma->vm_mm); /* * rb->aux_mmap_count will always drop before rb->mmap_count and * event->mmap_count, so it is ok to use event->mmap_mutex to * serialize with perf_mmap here. */ if (rb_has_aux(rb) && vma->vm_pgoff == rb->aux_pgoff && atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(&rb->aux_mmap_count, &event->mmap_mutex)) { /* * Stop all AUX events that are writing to this buffer, * so that we can free its AUX pages and corresponding PMU * data. Note that after rb::aux_mmap_count dropped to zero, * they won't start any more (see perf_aux_output_begin()). */ perf_pmu_output_stop(event); /* now it's safe to free the pages */ atomic_long_sub(rb->aux_nr_pages - rb->aux_mmap_locked, &mmap_user->locked_vm); atomic64_sub(rb->aux_mmap_locked, &vma->vm_mm->pinned_vm); /* this has to be the last one */ rb_free_aux(rb); WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&rb->aux_refcount)); mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex); } if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rb->mmap_count)) detach_rest = true; if (!atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(&event->mmap_count, &event->mmap_mutex)) goto out_put; ring_buffer_attach(event, NULL); mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex); /* If there's still other mmap()s of this buffer, we're done. */ if (!detach_rest) goto out_put; /* * No other mmap()s, detach from all other events that might redirect * into the now unreachable buffer. Somewhat complicated by the * fact that rb::event_lock otherwise nests inside mmap_mutex. */ again: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(event, &rb->event_list, rb_entry) { if (!atomic_long_inc_not_zero(&event->refcount)) { /* * This event is en-route to free_event() which will * detach it and remove it from the list. */ continue; } rcu_read_unlock(); mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex); /* * Check we didn't race with perf_event_set_output() which can * swizzle the rb from under us while we were waiting to * acquire mmap_mutex. * * If we find a different rb; ignore this event, a next * iteration will no longer find it on the list. We have to * still restart the iteration to make sure we're not now * iterating the wrong list. */ if (event->rb == rb) ring_buffer_attach(event, NULL); mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex); put_event(event); /* * Restart the iteration; either we're on the wrong list or * destroyed its integrity by doing a deletion. */ goto again; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* * It could be there's still a few 0-ref events on the list; they'll * get cleaned up by free_event() -- they'll also still have their * ref on the rb and will free it whenever they are done with it. * * Aside from that, this buffer is 'fully' detached and unmapped, * undo the VM accounting. */ atomic_long_sub((size >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1 - mmap_locked, &mmap_user->locked_vm); atomic64_sub(mmap_locked, &vma->vm_mm->pinned_vm); free_uid(mmap_user); out_put: ring_buffer_put(rb); /* could be last */ } static const struct vm_operations_struct perf_mmap_vmops = { .open = perf_mmap_open, .close = perf_mmap_close, /* non mergeable */ .fault = perf_mmap_fault, .page_mkwrite = perf_mmap_fault, }; static int perf_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct perf_event *event = file->private_data; unsigned long user_locked, user_lock_limit; struct user_struct *user = current_user(); struct perf_buffer *rb = NULL; unsigned long locked, lock_limit; unsigned long vma_size; unsigned long nr_pages; long user_extra = 0, extra = 0; int ret = 0, flags = 0; /* * Don't allow mmap() of inherited per-task counters. This would * create a performance issue due to all children writing to the * same rb. */ if (event->cpu == -1 && event->attr.inherit) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) return -EINVAL; ret = security_perf_event_read(event); if (ret) return ret; vma_size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_pgoff == 0) { nr_pages = (vma_size / PAGE_SIZE) - 1; } else { /* * AUX area mapping: if rb->aux_nr_pages != 0, it's already * mapped, all subsequent mappings should have the same size * and offset. Must be above the normal perf buffer. */ u64 aux_offset, aux_size; if (!event->rb) return -EINVAL; nr_pages = vma_size / PAGE_SIZE; mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex); ret = -EINVAL; rb = event->rb; if (!rb) goto aux_unlock; aux_offset = READ_ONCE(rb->user_page->aux_offset); aux_size = READ_ONCE(rb->user_page->aux_size); if (aux_offset < perf_data_size(rb) + PAGE_SIZE) goto aux_unlock; if (aux_offset != vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT) goto aux_unlock; /* already mapped with a different offset */ if (rb_has_aux(rb) && rb->aux_pgoff != vma->vm_pgoff) goto aux_unlock; if (aux_size != vma_size || aux_size != nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE) goto aux_unlock; /* already mapped with a different size */ if (rb_has_aux(rb) && rb->aux_nr_pages != nr_pages) goto aux_unlock; if (!is_power_of_2(nr_pages)) goto aux_unlock; if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&rb->mmap_count)) goto aux_unlock; if (rb_has_aux(rb)) { atomic_inc(&rb->aux_mmap_count); ret = 0; goto unlock; } atomic_set(&rb->aux_mmap_count, 1); user_extra = nr_pages; goto accounting; } /* * If we have rb pages ensure they're a power-of-two number, so we * can do bitmasks instead of modulo. */ if (nr_pages != 0 && !is_power_of_2(nr_pages)) return -EINVAL; if (vma_size != PAGE_SIZE * (1 + nr_pages)) return -EINVAL; WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx->parent_ctx); again: mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex); if (event->rb) { if (event->rb->nr_pages != nr_pages) { ret = -EINVAL; goto unlock; } if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&event->rb->mmap_count)) { /* * Raced against perf_mmap_close() through * perf_event_set_output(). Try again, hope for better * luck. */ mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex); goto again; } goto unlock; } user_extra = nr_pages + 1; accounting: user_lock_limit = sysctl_perf_event_mlock >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); /* * Increase the limit linearly with more CPUs: */ user_lock_limit *= num_online_cpus(); user_locked = atomic_long_read(&user->locked_vm); /* * sysctl_perf_event_mlock may have changed, so that * user->locked_vm > user_lock_limit */ if (user_locked > user_lock_limit) user_locked = user_lock_limit; user_locked += user_extra; if (user_locked > user_lock_limit) { /* * charge locked_vm until it hits user_lock_limit; * charge the rest from pinned_vm */ extra = user_locked - user_lock_limit; user_extra -= extra; } lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; locked = atomic64_read(&vma->vm_mm->pinned_vm) + extra; if ((locked > lock_limit) && perf_is_paranoid() && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) { ret = -EPERM; goto unlock; }