1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_ERR_H #define _LINUX_ERR_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/errno.h> /* * Kernel pointers have redundant information, so we can use a * scheme where we can return either an error code or a normal * pointer with the same return value. * * This should be a per-architecture thing, to allow different * error and pointer decisions. */ #define MAX_ERRNO 4095 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define IS_ERR_VALUE(x) unlikely((unsigned long)(void *)(x) >= (unsigned long)-MAX_ERRNO) static inline void * __must_check ERR_PTR(long error) { return (void *) error; } static inline long __must_check PTR_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return (long) ptr; } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__force const void *ptr) { return unlikely(!ptr) || IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } /** * ERR_CAST - Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type * @ptr: The pointer to cast. * * Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type in such a * way as to make it clear that's what's going on. */ static inline void * __must_check ERR_CAST(__force const void *ptr) { /* cast away the const */ return (void *) ptr; } static inline int __must_check PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(__force const void *ptr) { if (IS_ERR(ptr)) return PTR_ERR(ptr); else return 0; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_ERR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* delayacct.h - per-task delay accounting * * Copyright (C) Shailabh Nagar, IBM Corp. 2006 */ #ifndef _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #define _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #include <uapi/linux/taskstats.h> /* * Per-task flags relevant to delay accounting * maintained privately to avoid exhausting similar flags in sched.h:PF_* * Used to set current->delays->flags */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN 0x00000001 /* I am doing a swapin */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO 0x00000002 /* I am waiting on IO */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int flags; /* Private per-task flags */ /* For each stat XXX, add following, aligned appropriately * * struct timespec XXX_start, XXX_end; * u64 XXX_delay; * u32 XXX_count; * * Atomicity of updates to XXX_delay, XXX_count protected by * single lock above (split into XXX_lock if contention is an issue). */ /* * XXX_count is incremented on every XXX operation, the delay * associated with the operation is added to XXX_delay. * XXX_delay contains the accumulated delay time in nanoseconds. */ u64 blkio_start; /* Shared by blkio, swapin */ u64 blkio_delay; /* wait for sync block io completion */ u64 swapin_delay; /* wait for swapin block io completion */ u32 blkio_count; /* total count of the number of sync block */ /* io operations performed */ u32 swapin_count; /* total count of the number of swapin block */ /* io operations performed */ u64 freepages_start; u64 freepages_delay; /* wait for memory reclaim */ u64 thrashing_start; u64 thrashing_delay; /* wait for thrashing page */ u32 freepages_count; /* total count of memory reclaim */ u32 thrashing_count; /* total count of thrash waits */ }; #endif #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT extern int delayacct_on; /* Delay accounting turned on/off */ extern struct kmem_cache *delayacct_cache; extern void delayacct_init(void); extern void __delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_tsk_exit(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_blkio_start(void); extern void __delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *); extern int __delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *, struct task_struct *); extern __u64 __delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_freepages_start(void); extern void __delayacct_freepages_end(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_start(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_end(void); static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) return (p->delays->flags & DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); else return 0; } static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags |= flag; } static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags &= ~flag; } static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { /* reinitialize in case parent's non-null pointer was dup'ed*/ tsk->delays = NULL; if (delayacct_on) __delayacct_tsk_init(tsk); } /* Free tsk->delays. Called from bad fork and __put_task_struct * where there's no risk of tsk->delays being accessed elsewhere */ static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) kmem_cache_free(delayacct_cache, tsk->delays); tsk->delays = NULL; } static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) { delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); if (current->delays) __delayacct_blkio_start(); } static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) __delayacct_blkio_end(p); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); } static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { if (!delayacct_on || !tsk->delays) return 0; return __delayacct_add_tsk(d, tsk); } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) return __delayacct_blkio_ticks(tsk); return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_start(); } static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_end(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_start(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_end(); } #else static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_init(void) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) {} static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) {} #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd. */ #ifndef __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #define __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* REP NOP (PAUSE) is a good thing to insert into busy-wait loops. */ static __always_inline void rep_nop(void) { asm volatile("rep; nop" ::: "memory"); } static __always_inline void cpu_relax(void) { rep_nop(); } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H */
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1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ /* * Universal/legacy driver for 8250/16550-type serial ports * * Based on drivers/char/serial.c, by Linus Torvalds, Theodore Ts'o. * * Copyright (C) 2001 Russell King. * * Supports: ISA-compatible 8250/16550 ports * PNP 8250/16550 ports * early_serial_setup() ports * userspace-configurable "phantom" ports * "serial8250" platform devices * serial8250_register_8250_port() ports */ #include <linux/acpi.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/console.h> #include <linux/sysrq.h> #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/platform_device.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/tty_flip.h> #include <linux/serial.h> #include <linux/serial_8250.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/pm_runtime.h> #include <linux/io.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SPARC #include <linux/sunserialcore.h> #endif #include <asm/irq.h> #include "8250.h" /* * Configuration: * share_irqs - whether we pass IRQF_SHARED to request_irq(). This option * is unsafe when used on edge-triggered interrupts. */ static unsigned int share_irqs = SERIAL8250_SHARE_IRQS; static unsigned int nr_uarts = CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RUNTIME_UARTS; static struct uart_driver serial8250_reg; static unsigned int skip_txen_test; /* force skip of txen test at init time */ #define PASS_LIMIT 512 #include <asm/serial.h> /* * SERIAL_PORT_DFNS tells us about built-in ports that have no * standard enumeration mechanism. Platforms that can find all * serial ports via mechanisms like ACPI or PCI need not supply it. */ #ifndef SERIAL_PORT_DFNS #define SERIAL_PORT_DFNS #endif static const struct old_serial_port old_serial_port[] = { SERIAL_PORT_DFNS /* defined in asm/serial.h */ }; #define UART_NR CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_NR_UARTS #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RSA #define PORT_RSA_MAX 4 static unsigned long probe_rsa[PORT_RSA_MAX]; static unsigned int probe_rsa_count; #endif /* CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RSA */ struct irq_info { struct hlist_node node; int irq; spinlock_t lock; /* Protects list not the hash */ struct list_head *head; }; #define NR_IRQ_HASH 32 /* Can be adjusted later */ static struct hlist_head irq_lists[NR_IRQ_HASH]; static DEFINE_MUTEX(hash_mutex); /* Used to walk the hash */ /* * This is the serial driver's interrupt routine. * * Arjan thinks the old way was overly complex, so it got simplified. * Alan disagrees, saying that need the complexity to handle the weird * nature of ISA shared interrupts. (This is a special exception.) * * In order to handle ISA shared interrupts properly, we need to check * that all ports have been serviced, and therefore the ISA interrupt * line has been de-asserted. * * This means we need to loop through all ports. checking that they * don't have an interrupt pending. */ static irqreturn_t serial8250_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id) { struct irq_info *i = dev_id; struct list_head *l, *end = NULL; int pass_counter = 0, handled = 0; pr_debug("%s(%d): start\n", __func__, irq); spin_lock(&i->lock); l = i->head; do { struct uart_8250_port *up; struct uart_port *port; up = list_entry(l, struct uart_8250_port, list); port = &up->port; if (port->handle_irq(port)) { handled = 1; end = NULL; } else if (end == NULL) end = l; l = l->next; if (l == i->head && pass_counter++ > PASS_LIMIT) break; } while (l != end); spin_unlock(&i->lock); pr_debug("%s(%d): end\n", __func__, irq); return IRQ_RETVAL(handled); } /* * To support ISA shared interrupts, we need to have one interrupt * handler that ensures that the IRQ line has been deasserted * before returning. Failing to do this will result in the IRQ * line being stuck active, and, since ISA irqs are edge triggered, * no more IRQs will be seen. */ static void serial_do_unlink(struct irq_info *i, struct uart_8250_port *up) { spin_lock_irq(&i->lock); if (!list_empty(i->head)) { if (i->head == &up->list) i->head = i->head->next; list_del(&up->list); } else { BUG_ON(i->head != &up->list); i->head = NULL; } spin_unlock_irq(&i->lock); /* List empty so throw away the hash node */ if (i->head == NULL) { hlist_del(&i->node); kfree(i); } } static int serial_link_irq_chain(struct uart_8250_port *up) { struct hlist_head *h; struct hlist_node *n; struct irq_info *i; int ret; mutex_lock(&hash_mutex); h = &irq_lists[up->port.irq % NR_IRQ_HASH]; hlist_for_each(n, h) { i = hlist_entry(n, struct irq_info, node); if (i->irq == up->port.irq) break; } if (n == NULL) { i = kzalloc(sizeof(struct irq_info), GFP_KERNEL); if (i == NULL) { mutex_unlock(&hash_mutex); return -ENOMEM; } spin_lock_init(&i->lock); i->irq = up->port.irq; hlist_add_head(&i->node, h); } mutex_unlock(&hash_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&i->lock); if (i->head) { list_add(&up->list, i->head); spin_unlock_irq(&i->lock); ret = 0; } else { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&up->list); i->head = &up->list; spin_unlock_irq(&i->lock); ret = request_irq(up->port.irq, serial8250_interrupt, up->port.irqflags, up->port.name, i); if (ret < 0) serial_do_unlink(i, up); } return ret; } static void serial_unlink_irq_chain(struct uart_8250_port *up) { /* * yes, some broken gcc emit "warning: 'i' may be used uninitialized" * but no, we are not going to take a patch that assigns NULL below. */ struct irq_info *i; struct hlist_node *n; struct hlist_head *h; mutex_lock(&hash_mutex); h = &irq_lists[up->port.irq % NR_IRQ_HASH]; hlist_for_each(n, h) { i = hlist_entry(n, struct irq_info, node); if (i->irq == up->port.irq) break; } BUG_ON(n == NULL); BUG_ON(i->head == NULL); if (list_empty(i->head)) free_irq(up->port.irq, i); serial_do_unlink(i, up); mutex_unlock(&hash_mutex); } /* * This function is used to handle ports that do not have an * interrupt. This doesn't work very well for 16450's, but gives * barely passable results for a 16550A. (Although at the expense * of much CPU overhead). */ static void serial8250_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { struct uart_8250_port *up = from_timer(up, t, timer); up->port.handle_irq(&up->port); mod_timer(&up->timer, jiffies + uart_poll_timeout(&up->port)); } static void serial8250_backup_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { struct uart_8250_port *up = from_timer(up, t, timer); unsigned int iir, ier = 0, lsr; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&up->port.lock, flags); /* * Must disable interrupts or else we risk racing with the interrupt * based handler. */ if (up->port.irq) { ier = serial_in(up, UART_IER); serial_out(up, UART_IER, 0); } iir = serial_in(up, UART_IIR); /* * This should be a safe test for anyone who doesn't trust the * IIR bits on their UART, but it's specifically designed for * the "Diva" UART used on the management processor on many HP * ia64 and parisc boxes. */ lsr = serial_in(up, UART_LSR); up->lsr_saved_flags |= lsr & LSR_SAVE_FLAGS; if ((iir & UART_IIR_NO_INT) && (up->ier & UART_IER_THRI) && (!uart_circ_empty(&up->port.state->xmit) || up->port.x_char) && (lsr & UART_LSR_THRE)) { iir &= ~(UART_IIR_ID | UART_IIR_NO_INT); iir |= UART_IIR_THRI; } if (!(iir & UART_IIR_NO_INT)) serial8250_tx_chars(up); if (up->port.irq) serial_out(up, UART_IER, ier); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&up->port.lock, flags); /* Standard timer interval plus 0.2s to keep the port running */ mod_timer(&up->timer, jiffies + uart_poll_timeout(&up->port) + HZ / 5); } static int univ8250_setup_irq(struct uart_8250_port *up) { struct uart_port *port = &up->port; int retval = 0; /* * The above check will only give an accurate result the first time * the port is opened so this value needs to be preserved. */ if (up->bugs & UART_BUG_THRE) { pr_debug("%s - using backup timer\n", port->name); up->timer.function = serial8250_backup_timeout; mod_timer(&up->timer, jiffies + uart_poll_timeout(port) + HZ / 5); } /* * If the "interrupt" for this port doesn't correspond with any * hardware interrupt, we use a timer-based system. The original * driver used to do this with IRQ0. */ if (!port->irq) { mod_timer(&up->timer, jiffies + uart_poll_timeout(port)); } else retval = serial_link_irq_chain(up); return retval; } static void univ8250_release_irq(struct uart_8250_port *up) { struct uart_port *port = &up->port; del_timer_sync(&up->timer); up->timer.function = serial8250_timeout; if (port->irq) serial_unlink_irq_chain(up); } #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RSA static int serial8250_request_rsa_resource(struct uart_8250_port *up) { unsigned long start = UART_RSA_BASE << up->port.regshift; unsigned int size = 8 << up->port.regshift; struct uart_port *port = &up->port; int ret = -EINVAL; switch (port->iotype) { case UPIO_HUB6: case UPIO_PORT: start += port->iobase; if (request_region(start, size, "serial-rsa")) ret = 0; else ret = -EBUSY; break; } return ret; } static void serial8250_release_rsa_resource(struct uart_8250_port *up) { unsigned long offset = UART_RSA_BASE << up->port.regshift; unsigned int size = 8 << up->port.regshift; struct uart_port *port = &up->port; switch (port->iotype) { case UPIO_HUB6: case UPIO_PORT: release_region(port->iobase + offset, size); break; } } #endif static const struct uart_ops *base_ops; static struct uart_ops univ8250_port_ops; static const struct uart_8250_ops univ8250_driver_ops = { .setup_irq = univ8250_setup_irq, .release_irq = univ8250_release_irq, }; static struct uart_8250_port serial8250_ports[UART_NR]; /** * serial8250_get_port - retrieve struct uart_8250_port * @line: serial line number * * This function retrieves struct uart_8250_port for the specific line. * This struct *must* *not* be used to perform a 8250 or serial core operation * which is not accessible otherwise. Its only purpose is to make the struct * accessible to the runtime-pm callbacks for context suspend/restore. * The lock assumption made here is none because runtime-pm suspend/resume * callbacks should not be invoked if there is any operation performed on the * port. */ struct uart_8250_port *serial8250_get_port(int line) { return &serial8250_ports[line]; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(serial8250_get_port); static void (*serial8250_isa_config)(int port, struct uart_port *up, u32 *capabilities); void serial8250_set_isa_configurator( void (*v)(int port, struct uart_port *up, u32 *capabilities)) { serial8250_isa_config = v; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(serial8250_set_isa_configurator); #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RSA static void univ8250_config_port(struct uart_port *port, int flags) { struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port); up->probe &= ~UART_PROBE_RSA; if (port->type == PORT_RSA) { if (serial8250_request_rsa_resource(up) == 0) up->probe |= UART_PROBE_RSA; } else if (flags & UART_CONFIG_TYPE) { int i; for (i = 0; i < probe_rsa_count; i++) { if (probe_rsa[i] == up->port.iobase) { if (serial8250_request_rsa_resource(up) == 0) up->probe |= UART_PROBE_RSA; break; } } } base_ops->config_port(port, flags); if (port->type != PORT_RSA && up->probe & UART_PROBE_RSA) serial8250_release_rsa_resource(up); } static int univ8250_request_port(struct uart_port *port) { struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port); int ret; ret = base_ops->request_port(port); if (ret == 0 && port->type == PORT_RSA) { ret = serial8250_request_rsa_resource(up); if (ret < 0) base_ops->release_port(port); } return ret; } static void univ8250_release_port(struct uart_port *port) { struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port); if (port->type == PORT_RSA) serial8250_release_rsa_resource(up); base_ops->release_port(port); } static void univ8250_rsa_support(struct uart_ops *ops) { ops->config_port = univ8250_config_port; ops->request_port = univ8250_request_port; ops->release_port = univ8250_release_port; } #else #define univ8250_rsa_support(x) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RSA */ static inline void serial8250_apply_quirks(struct uart_8250_port *up) { up->port.quirks |= skip_txen_test ? UPQ_NO_TXEN_TEST : 0; } static void __init serial8250_isa_init_ports(void) { struct uart_8250_port *up; static int first = 1; int i, irqflag = 0; if (!first) return; first = 0; if (nr_uarts > UART_NR) nr_uarts = UART_NR; for (i = 0; i < nr_uarts; i++) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[i]; struct uart_port *port = &up->port; port->line = i; serial8250_init_port(up); if (!base_ops) base_ops = port->ops; port->ops = &univ8250_port_ops; timer_setup(&up->timer, serial8250_timeout, 0); up->ops = &univ8250_driver_ops; /* * ALPHA_KLUDGE_MCR needs to be killed. */ up->mcr_mask = ~ALPHA_KLUDGE_MCR; up->mcr_force = ALPHA_KLUDGE_MCR; serial8250_set_defaults(up); } /* chain base port ops to support Remote Supervisor Adapter */ univ8250_port_ops = *base_ops; univ8250_rsa_support(&univ8250_port_ops); if (share_irqs) irqflag = IRQF_SHARED; for (i = 0, up = serial8250_ports; i < ARRAY_SIZE(old_serial_port) && i < nr_uarts; i++, up++) { struct uart_port *port = &up->port; port->iobase = old_serial_port[i].port; port->irq = irq_canonicalize(old_serial_port[i].irq); port->irqflags = 0; port->uartclk = old_serial_port[i].baud_base * 16; port->flags = old_serial_port[i].flags; port->hub6 = 0; port->membase = old_serial_port[i].iomem_base; port->iotype = old_serial_port[i].io_type; port->regshift = old_serial_port[i].iomem_reg_shift; port->irqflags |= irqflag; if (serial8250_isa_config != NULL) serial8250_isa_config(i, &up->port, &up->capabilities); } } static void __init serial8250_register_ports(struct uart_driver *drv, struct device *dev) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nr_uarts; i++) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[i]; if (up->port.type == PORT_8250_CIR) continue; if (up->port.dev) continue; up->port.dev = dev; serial8250_apply_quirks(up); uart_add_one_port(drv, &up->port); } } #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_CONSOLE static void univ8250_console_write(struct console *co, const char *s, unsigned int count) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[co->index]; serial8250_console_write(up, s, count); } static int univ8250_console_setup(struct console *co, char *options) { struct uart_port *port; int retval; /* * Check whether an invalid uart number has been specified, and * if so, search for the first available port that does have * console support. */ if (co->index >= nr_uarts) co->index = 0; port = &serial8250_ports[co->index].port; /* link port to console */ port->cons = co; retval = serial8250_console_setup(port, options, false); if (retval != 0) port->cons = NULL; return retval; } static int univ8250_console_exit(struct console *co) { struct uart_port *port; port = &serial8250_ports[co->index].port; return serial8250_console_exit(port); } /** * univ8250_console_match - non-standard console matching * @co: registering console * @name: name from console command line * @idx: index from console command line * @options: ptr to option string from console command line * * Only attempts to match console command lines of the form: * console=uart[8250],io|mmio|mmio16|mmio32,<addr>[,<options>] * console=uart[8250],0x<addr>[,<options>] * This form is used to register an initial earlycon boot console and * replace it with the serial8250_console at 8250 driver init. * * Performs console setup for a match (as required by interface) * If no <options> are specified, then assume the h/w is already setup. * * Returns 0 if console matches; otherwise non-zero to use default matching */ static int univ8250_console_match(struct console *co, char *name, int idx, char *options) { char match[] = "uart"; /* 8250-specific earlycon name */ unsigned char iotype; resource_size_t addr; int i; if (strncmp(name, match, 4) != 0) return -ENODEV; if (uart_parse_earlycon(options, &iotype, &addr, &options)) return -ENODEV; /* try to match the port specified on the command line */ for (i = 0; i < nr_uarts; i++) { struct uart_port *port = &serial8250_ports[i].port; if (port->iotype != iotype) continue; if ((iotype == UPIO_MEM || iotype == UPIO_MEM16 || iotype == UPIO_MEM32 || iotype == UPIO_MEM32BE) && (port->mapbase != addr)) continue; if (iotype == UPIO_PORT && port->iobase != addr) continue; co->index = i; port->cons = co; return serial8250_console_setup(port, options, true); } return -ENODEV; } static struct console univ8250_console = { .name = "ttyS", .write = univ8250_console_write, .device = uart_console_device, .setup = univ8250_console_setup, .exit = univ8250_console_exit, .match = univ8250_console_match, .flags = CON_PRINTBUFFER | CON_ANYTIME, .index = -1, .data = &serial8250_reg, }; static int __init univ8250_console_init(void) { if (nr_uarts == 0) return -ENODEV; serial8250_isa_init_ports(); register_console(&univ8250_console); return 0; } console_initcall(univ8250_console_init); #define SERIAL8250_CONSOLE (&univ8250_console) #else #define SERIAL8250_CONSOLE NULL #endif static struct uart_driver serial8250_reg = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .driver_name = "serial", .dev_name = "ttyS", .major = TTY_MAJOR, .minor = 64, .cons = SERIAL8250_CONSOLE, }; /* * early_serial_setup - early registration for 8250 ports * * Setup an 8250 port structure prior to console initialisation. Use * after console initialisation will cause undefined behaviour. */ int __init early_serial_setup(struct uart_port *port) { struct uart_port *p; if (port->line >= ARRAY_SIZE(serial8250_ports) || nr_uarts == 0) return -ENODEV; serial8250_isa_init_ports(); p = &serial8250_ports[port->line].port; p->iobase = port->iobase; p->membase = port->membase; p->irq = port->irq; p->irqflags = port->irqflags; p->uartclk = port->uartclk; p->fifosize = port->fifosize; p->regshift = port->regshift; p->iotype = port->iotype; p->flags = port->flags; p->mapbase = port->mapbase; p->mapsize = port->mapsize; p->private_data = port->private_data; p->type = port->type; p->line = port->line; serial8250_set_defaults(up_to_u8250p(p)); if (port->serial_in) p->serial_in = port->serial_in; if (port->serial_out) p->serial_out = port->serial_out; if (port->handle_irq) p->handle_irq = port->handle_irq; return 0; } /** * serial8250_suspend_port - suspend one serial port * @line: serial line number * * Suspend one serial port. */ void serial8250_suspend_port(int line) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[line]; struct uart_port *port = &up->port; if (!console_suspend_enabled && uart_console(port) && port->type != PORT_8250) { unsigned char canary = 0xa5; serial_out(up, UART_SCR, canary); if (serial_in(up, UART_SCR) == canary) up->canary = canary; } uart_suspend_port(&serial8250_reg, port); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(serial8250_suspend_port); /** * serial8250_resume_port - resume one serial port * @line: serial line number * * Resume one serial port. */ void serial8250_resume_port(int line) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[line]; struct uart_port *port = &up->port; up->canary = 0; if (up->capabilities & UART_NATSEMI) { /* Ensure it's still in high speed mode */ serial_port_out(port, UART_LCR, 0xE0); ns16550a_goto_highspeed(up); serial_port_out(port, UART_LCR, 0); port->uartclk = 921600*16; } uart_resume_port(&serial8250_reg, port); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(serial8250_resume_port); /* * Register a set of serial devices attached to a platform device. The * list is terminated with a zero flags entry, which means we expect * all entries to have at least UPF_BOOT_AUTOCONF set. */ static int serial8250_probe(struct platform_device *dev) { struct plat_serial8250_port *p = dev_get_platdata(&dev->dev); struct uart_8250_port uart; int ret, i, irqflag = 0; memset(&uart, 0, sizeof(uart)); if (share_irqs) irqflag = IRQF_SHARED; for (i = 0; p && p->flags != 0; p++, i++) { uart.port.iobase = p->iobase; uart.port.membase = p->membase; uart.port.irq = p->irq; uart.port.irqflags = p->irqflags; uart.port.uartclk = p->uartclk; uart.port.regshift = p->regshift; uart.port.iotype = p->iotype; uart.port.flags = p->flags; uart.port.mapbase = p->mapbase; uart.port.hub6 = p->hub6; uart.port.has_sysrq = p->has_sysrq; uart.port.private_data = p->private_data; uart.port.type = p->type; uart.port.serial_in = p->serial_in; uart.port.serial_out = p->serial_out; uart.port.handle_irq = p->handle_irq; uart.port.handle_break = p->handle_break; uart.port.set_termios = p->set_termios; uart.port.set_ldisc = p->set_ldisc; uart.port.get_mctrl = p->get_mctrl; uart.port.pm = p->pm; uart.port.dev = &dev->dev; uart.port.irqflags |= irqflag; ret = serial8250_register_8250_port(&uart); if (ret < 0) { dev_err(&dev->dev, "unable to register port at index %d " "(IO%lx MEM%llx IRQ%d): %d\n", i, p->iobase, (unsigned long long)p->mapbase, p->irq, ret); } } return 0; } /* * Remove serial ports registered against a platform device. */ static int serial8250_remove(struct platform_device *dev) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nr_uarts; i++) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[i]; if (up->port.dev == &dev->dev) serial8250_unregister_port(i); } return 0; } static int serial8250_suspend(struct platform_device *dev, pm_message_t state) { int i; for (i = 0; i < UART_NR; i++) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[i]; if (up->port.type != PORT_UNKNOWN && up->port.dev == &dev->dev) uart_suspend_port(&serial8250_reg, &up->port); } return 0; } static int serial8250_resume(struct platform_device *dev) { int i; for (i = 0; i < UART_NR; i++) { struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[i]; if (up->port.type != PORT_UNKNOWN && up->port.dev == &dev->dev) serial8250_resume_port(i); } return 0; } static struct platform_driver serial8250_isa_driver = { .probe = serial8250_probe, .remove = serial8250_remove, .suspend = serial8250_suspend, .resume = serial8250_resume, .driver = { .name = "serial8250", }, }; /* * This "device" covers _all_ ISA 8250-compatible serial devices listed * in the table in include/asm/serial.h */ static struct platform_device *serial8250_isa_devs; /* * serial8250_register_8250_port and serial8250_unregister_port allows for * 16x50 serial ports to be configured at run-time, to support PCMCIA * modems and PCI multiport cards. */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(serial_mutex); static struct uart_8250_port *serial8250_find_match_or_unused(struct uart_port *port) { int i; /* * First, find a port entry which matches. */ for (i = 0; i < nr_uarts; i++) if (uart_match_port(&serial8250_ports[i].port, port)) return &serial8250_ports[i]; /* try line number first if still available */ i = port->line; if (i < nr_uarts && serial8250_ports[i].port.type == PORT_UNKNOWN && serial8250_ports[i].port.iobase == 0) return &serial8250_ports[i]; /* * We didn't find a matching entry, so look for the first * free entry. We look for one which hasn't been previously * used (indicated by zero iobase). */ for (i = 0; i < nr_uarts; i++) if (serial8250_ports[i].port.type == PORT_UNKNOWN && serial8250_ports[i].port.iobase == 0) return &serial8250_ports[i]; /* * That also failed. Last resort is to find any entry which * doesn't have a real port associated with it. */ for (i = 0; i < nr_uarts; i++) if (serial8250_ports[i].port.type == PORT_UNKNOWN) return &serial8250_ports[i]; return NULL; } static void serial_8250_overrun_backoff_work(struct work_struct *work) { struct uart_8250_port *up = container_of(to_delayed_work(work), struct uart_8250_port, overrun_backoff); struct uart_port *port = &up->port; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags); up->ier |= UART_IER_RLSI | UART_IER_RDI; up->port.read_status_mask |= UART_LSR_DR; serial_out(up, UART_IER, up->ier); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags); } /** * serial8250_register_8250_port - register a serial port * @up: serial port template * * Configure the serial port specified by the request. If the * port exists and is in use, it is hung up and unregistered * first. * * The port is then probed and if necessary the IRQ is autodetected * If this fails an error is returned. * * On success the port is ready to use and the line number is returned. */ int serial8250_register_8250_port(struct uart_8250_port *up) { struct uart_8250_port *uart; int ret = -ENOSPC; if (up->port.uartclk == 0) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&serial_mutex); uart = serial8250_find_match_or_unused(&up->port); if (uart && uart->port.type != PORT_8250_CIR) { struct mctrl_gpios *gpios; if (uart->port.dev) uart_remove_one_port(&serial8250_reg, &uart->port); uart->port.iobase = up->port.iobase; uart->port.membase = up->port.membase; uart->port.irq = up->port.irq; uart->port.irqflags = up->port.irqflags; uart->port.uartclk = up->port.uartclk; uart->port.fifosize = up->port.fifosize; uart->port.regshift = up->port.regshift; uart->port.iotype = up->port.iotype; uart->port.flags = up->port.flags | UPF_BOOT_AUTOCONF; uart->bugs = up->bugs; uart->port.mapbase = up->port.mapbase; uart->port.mapsize = up->port.mapsize; uart->port.private_data = up->port.private_data; uart->tx_loadsz = up->tx_loadsz; uart->capabilities = up->capabilities; uart->port.throttle = up->port.throttle; uart->port.unthrottle = up->port.unthrottle; uart->port.rs485_config = up->port.rs485_config; uart->port.rs485 = up->port.rs485; uart->rs485_start_tx = up->rs485_start_tx; uart->rs485_stop_tx = up->rs485_stop_tx; uart->dma = up->dma; /* Take tx_loadsz from fifosize if it wasn't set separately */ if (uart->port.fifosize && !uart->tx_loadsz) uart->tx_loadsz = uart->port.fifosize; if (up->port.dev) { uart->port.dev = up->port.dev; ret = uart_get_rs485_mode(&uart->port); if (ret) goto err; } if (up->port.flags & UPF_FIXED_TYPE) uart->port.type = up->port.type; /* * Only call mctrl_gpio_init(), if the device has no ACPI * companion device */ if (!has_acpi_companion(uart->port.dev)) { gpios = mctrl_gpio_init(&uart->port, 0); if (IS_ERR(gpios)) { ret = PTR_ERR(gpios); goto err; } else { uart->gpios = gpios; } } serial8250_set_defaults(uart); /* Possibly override default I/O functions. */ if (up->port.serial_in) uart->port.serial_in = up->port.serial_in; if (up->port.serial_out) uart->port.serial_out = up->port.serial_out; if (up->port.handle_irq) uart->port.handle_irq = up->port.handle_irq; /* Possibly override set_termios call */ if (up->port.set_termios) uart->port.set_termios = up->port.set_termios; if (up->port.set_ldisc) uart->port.set_ldisc = up->port.set_ldisc; if (up->port.get_mctrl) uart->port.get_mctrl = up->port.get_mctrl; if (up->port.set_mctrl) uart->port.set_mctrl = up->port.set_mctrl; if (up->port.get_divisor) uart->port.get_divisor = up->port.get_divisor; if (up->port.set_divisor) uart->port.set_divisor = up->port.set_divisor; if (up->port.startup) uart->port.startup = up->port.startup; if (up->port.shutdown) uart->port.shutdown = up->port.shutdown; if (up->port.pm) uart->port.pm = up->port.pm; if (up->port.handle_break) uart->port.handle_break = up->port.handle_break; if (up->dl_read) uart->dl_read = up->dl_read; if (up->dl_write) uart->dl_write = up->dl_write; if (uart->port.type != PORT_8250_CIR) { if (serial8250_isa_config != NULL) serial8250_isa_config(0, &uart->port, &uart->capabilities); serial8250_apply_quirks(uart); ret = uart_add_one_port(&serial8250_reg, &uart->port); if (ret) goto err; ret = uart->port.line; } else { dev_info(uart->port.dev, "skipping CIR port at 0x%lx / 0x%llx, IRQ %d\n", uart->port.iobase, (unsigned long long)uart->port.mapbase, uart->port.irq); ret = 0; } /* Initialise interrupt backoff work if required */ if (up->overrun_backoff_time_ms > 0) { uart->overrun_backoff_time_ms = up->overrun_backoff_time_ms; INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&uart->overrun_backoff, serial_8250_overrun_backoff_work); } else { uart->overrun_backoff_time_ms = 0; } } mutex_unlock(&serial_mutex); return ret; err: uart->port.dev = NULL; mutex_unlock(&serial_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(serial8250_register_8250_port); /** * serial8250_unregister_port - remove a 16x50 serial port at runtime * @line: serial line number * * Remove one serial port. This may not be called from interrupt * context. We hand the port back to the our control. */ void serial8250_unregister_port(int line) { struct uart_8250_port *uart = &serial8250_ports[line]; mutex_lock(&serial_mutex); if (uart->em485) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&uart->port.lock, flags); serial8250_em485_destroy(uart); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uart->port.lock, flags); } uart_remove_one_port(&serial8250_reg, &uart->port); if (serial8250_isa_devs) { uart->port.flags &= ~UPF_BOOT_AUTOCONF; uart->port.type = PORT_UNKNOWN; uart->port.dev = &serial8250_isa_devs->dev; uart->capabilities = 0; serial8250_apply_quirks(uart); uart_add_one_port(&serial8250_reg, &uart->port); } else { uart->port.dev = NULL; } mutex_unlock(&serial_mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(serial8250_unregister_port); static int __init serial8250_init(void) { int ret; if (nr_uarts == 0) return -ENODEV; serial8250_isa_init_ports(); pr_info("Serial: 8250/16550 driver, %d ports, IRQ sharing %sabled\n", nr_uarts, share_irqs ? "en" : "dis"); #ifdef CONFIG_SPARC ret = sunserial_register_minors(&serial8250_reg, UART_NR); #else serial8250_reg.nr = UART_NR; ret = uart_register_driver(&serial8250_reg); #endif if (ret) goto out; ret = serial8250_pnp_init(); if (ret) goto unreg_uart_drv; serial8250_isa_devs = platform_device_alloc("serial8250", PLAT8250_DEV_LEGACY); if (!serial8250_isa_devs) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto unreg_pnp; } ret = platform_device_add(serial8250_isa_devs); if (ret) goto put_dev; serial8250_register_ports(&serial8250_reg, &serial8250_isa_devs->dev); ret = platform_driver_register(&serial8250_isa_driver); if (ret == 0) goto out; platform_device_del(serial8250_isa_devs); put_dev: platform_device_put(serial8250_isa_devs); unreg_pnp: serial8250_pnp_exit(); unreg_uart_drv: #ifdef CONFIG_SPARC sunserial_unregister_minors(&serial8250_reg, UART_NR); #else uart_unregister_driver(&serial8250_reg); #endif out: return ret; } static void __exit serial8250_exit(void) { struct platform_device *isa_dev = serial8250_isa_devs; /* * This tells serial8250_unregister_port() not to re-register * the ports (thereby making serial8250_isa_driver permanently * in use.) */ serial8250_isa_devs = NULL; platform_driver_unregister(&serial8250_isa_driver); platform_device_unregister(isa_dev); serial8250_pnp_exit(); #ifdef CONFIG_SPARC sunserial_unregister_minors(&serial8250_reg, UART_NR); #else uart_unregister_driver(&serial8250_reg); #endif } module_init(serial8250_init); module_exit(serial8250_exit); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Generic 8250/16x50 serial driver"); module_param_hw(share_irqs, uint, other, 0644); MODULE_PARM_DESC(share_irqs, "Share IRQs with other non-8250/16x50 devices (unsafe)"); module_param(nr_uarts, uint, 0644); MODULE_PARM_DESC(nr_uarts, "Maximum number of UARTs supported. (1-" __MODULE_STRING(CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_NR_UARTS) ")"); module_param(skip_txen_test, uint, 0644); MODULE_PARM_DESC(skip_txen_test, "Skip checking for the TXEN bug at init time"); #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RSA module_param_hw_array(probe_rsa, ulong, ioport, &probe_rsa_count, 0444); MODULE_PARM_DESC(probe_rsa, "Probe I/O ports for RSA"); #endif MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV_MAJOR(TTY_MAJOR); #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_DEPRECATED_OPTIONS #ifndef MODULE /* This module was renamed to 8250_core in 3.7. Keep the old "8250" name * working as well for the module options so we don't break people. We * need to keep the names identical and the convenient macros will happily * refuse to let us do that by failing the build with redefinition errors * of global variables. So we stick them inside a dummy function to avoid * those conflicts. The options still get parsed, and the redefined * MODULE_PARAM_PREFIX lets us keep the "8250." syntax alive. * * This is hacky. I'm sorry. */ static void __used s8250_options(void) { #undef MODULE_PARAM_PREFIX #define MODULE_PARAM_PREFIX "8250_core." module_param_cb(share_irqs, &param_ops_uint, &share_irqs, 0644); module_param_cb(nr_uarts, &param_ops_uint, &nr_uarts, 0644); module_param_cb(skip_txen_test, &param_ops_uint, &skip_txen_test, 0644); #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_RSA __module_param_call(MODULE_PARAM_PREFIX, probe_rsa, &param_array_ops, .arr = &__param_arr_probe_rsa, 0444, -1, 0); #endif } #else MODULE_ALIAS("8250_core"); #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * SR-IPv6 implementation * * Author: * David Lebrun <david.lebrun@uclouvain.be> */ #ifndef _NET_SEG6_H #define _NET_SEG6_H #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seg6.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> static inline void update_csum_diff4(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 from, __be32 to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from, to }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } static inline void update_csum_diff16(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *from, __be32 *to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from[0], ~from[1], ~from[2], ~from[3], to[0], to[1], to[2], to[3], }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } struct seg6_pernet_data { struct mutex lock; struct in6_addr __rcu *tun_src; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC struct rhashtable hmac_infos; #endif }; static inline struct seg6_pernet_data *seg6_pernet(struct net *net) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) return net->ipv6.seg6_data; #else return NULL; #endif } extern int seg6_init(void); extern void seg6_exit(void); extern int seg6_iptunnel_init(void); extern void seg6_iptunnel_exit(void); extern int seg6_local_init(void); extern void seg6_local_exit(void); extern bool seg6_validate_srh(struct ipv6_sr_hdr *srh, int len, bool reduced); extern int seg6_do_srh_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh, int proto); extern int seg6_do_srh_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh); extern int seg6_lookup_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct in6_addr *nhaddr, u32 tbl_id); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set sysctls; #endif struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */ struct sock *genl_sock; struct uevent_sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */ struct hlist_head *dev_name_head; struct hlist_head *dev_index_head; struct raw_notifier_head netdev_chain; /* Note that @hash_mix can be read millions times per second, * it is critical that it is on a read_mostly cache line. */ u32 hash_mix; struct net_device *loopback_dev; /* The loopback */ /* core fib_rules */ struct list_head rules_ops; struct netns_core core; struct netns_mib mib; struct netns_packet packet; struct netns_unix unx; struct netns_nexthop nexthop; struct netns_ipv4 ipv4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct netns_ipv6 ipv6; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan ieee802154_lowpan; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP_MODULE) struct netns_sctp sctp; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP_MODULE) struct netns_dccp dccp; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER struct netns_nf nf; struct netns_xt xt; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) struct netns_ct ct; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES_MODULE) struct netns_nftables nft; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_DEFRAG_IPV6) struct netns_nf_frag nf_frag; struct ctl_table_header *nf_frag_frags_hdr; #endif struct sock *nfnl; struct sock *nfnl_stash; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK_ACCT) struct list_head nfnl_acct_list; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CT_NETLINK_TIMEOUT) struct list_head nfct_timeout_list; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WEXT_CORE struct sk_buff_head wext_nlevents; #endif struct net_generic __rcu *gen; /* Used to store attached BPF programs */ struct netns_bpf bpf; /* Note : following structs are cache line aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct netns_xfrm xfrm; #endif atomic64_t net_cookie; /* written once */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) struct netns_ipvs *ipvs; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS) struct netns_mpls mpls; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CAN) struct netns_can can; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS struct netns_xdp xdp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER) struct sock *crypto_nlsk; #endif struct sock *diag_nlsk; } __randomize_layout; #include <linux/seq_file_net.h> /* Init's network namespace */ extern struct net init_net; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net); void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void net_ns_barrier(void); struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns); #else /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> static inline struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWNET) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_net; } static inline void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } static inline void net_ns_barrier(void) {} static inline struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ extern struct list_head net_namespace_list; struct net *get_net_ns_by_pid(pid_t pid); struct net *get_net_ns_by_fd(int fd); u64 __net_gen_cookie(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void ipx_register_sysctl(void); void ipx_unregister_sysctl(void); #else #define ipx_register_sysctl() #define ipx_unregister_sysctl() #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS void __put_net(struct net *net); static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { refcount_inc(&net->count); return net; } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { /* Used when we know struct net exists but we * aren't guaranteed a previous reference count * exists. If the reference count is zero this * function fails and returns NULL. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&net->count)) net = NULL; return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&net->count)) __put_net(net); } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return net1 == net2; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return refcount_read(&net->count) != 0; } void net_drop_ns(void *); #else static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return 1; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return 1; } #define net_drop_ns NULL #endif typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif } possible_net_t; static inline void write_pnet(possible_net_t *pnet, struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS pnet->net = net; #endif } static inline struct net *read_pnet(const possible_net_t *pnet) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return pnet->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* Protected by net_rwsem */ #define for_each_net(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_continue_reverse(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_rcu(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS #define __net_init #define __net_exit #define __net_initdata #define __net_initconst #else #define __net_init __init #define __net_exit __ref #define __net_initdata __initdata #define __net_initconst __initconst #endif int peernet2id_alloc(struct net *net, struct net *peer, gfp_t gfp); int peernet2id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); bool peernet_has_id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); struct net *get_net_ns_by_id(const struct net *net, int id); struct pernet_operations { struct list_head list; /* * Below methods are called without any exclusive locks. * More than one net may be constructed and destructed * in parallel on several cpus. Every pernet_operations * have to keep in mind all other pernet_operations and * to introduce a locking, if they share common resources. * * The only time they are called with exclusive lock is * from register_pernet_subsys(), unregister_pernet_subsys() * register_pernet_device() and unregister_pernet_device(). * * Exit methods using blocking RCU primitives, such as * synchronize_rcu(), should be implemented via exit_batch. * Then, destruction of a group of net requires single * synchronize_rcu() related to these pernet_operations, * instead of separate synchronize_rcu() for every net. * Please, avoid synchronize_rcu() at all, where it's possible. * * Note that a combination of pre_exit() and exit() can * be used, since a synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed between * the calls. */ int (*init)(struct net *net); void (*pre_exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit_batch)(struct list_head *net_exit_list); unsigned int *id; size_t size; }; /* * Use these carefully. If you implement a network device and it * needs per network namespace operations use device pernet operations, * otherwise use pernet subsys operations. * * Network interfaces need to be removed from a dying netns _before_ * subsys notifiers can be called, as most of the network code cleanup * (which is done from subsys notifiers) runs with the assumption that * dev_remove_pack has been called so no new packets will arrive during * and after the cleanup functions have been called. dev_remove_pack * is not per namespace so instead the guarantee of no more packets * arriving in a network namespace is provided by ensuring that all * network devices and all sockets have left the network namespace * before the cleanup methods are called. * * For the longest time the ipv4 icmp code was registered as a pernet * device which caused kernel oops, and panics during network * namespace cleanup. So please don't get this wrong. */ int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int net_sysctl_init(void); struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header); #else static inline int net_sysctl_init(void) { return 0; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header) { } #endif static inline int rt_genid_ipv4(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int rt_genid_ipv6(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv6.fib6_sernum); } #endif static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv4(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } extern void (*__fib6_flush_trees)(struct net *net); static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv6(struct net *net) { if (__fib6_flush_trees) __fib6_flush_trees(net); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) static inline struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan * net_ieee802154_lowpan(struct net *net) { return &net->ieee802154_lowpan; } #endif /* For callers who don't really care about whether it's IPv4 or IPv6 */ static inline void rt_genid_bump_all(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); rt_genid_bump_ipv6(net); } static inline int fnhe_genid(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->fnhe_genid); } static inline void fnhe_genid_bump(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->fnhe_genid); } #endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Rewritten and vastly simplified by Rusty Russell for in-kernel * module loader: * Copyright 2002 Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation */ #ifndef _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #define _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #define KSYM_NAME_LEN 128 #define KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN (sizeof("%s+%#lx/%#lx [%s]") + (KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1) + \ 2*(BITS_PER_LONG*3/10) + (MODULE_NAME_LEN - 1) + 1) struct cred; struct module; static inline int is_kernel_inittext(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_sinittext && addr <= (unsigned long)_einittext) return 1; return 0; } static inline int is_kernel_text(unsigned long addr) { if ((addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_etext) || arch_is_kernel_text(addr)) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_kernel(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_end) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_ksym_addr(unsigned long addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL)) return is_kernel(addr); return is_kernel_text(addr) || is_kernel_inittext(addr); } static inline void *dereference_symbol_descriptor(void *ptr) { #ifdef HAVE_DEREFERENCE_FUNCTION_DESCRIPTOR struct module *mod; ptr = dereference_kernel_function_descriptor(ptr); if (is_ksym_addr((unsigned long)ptr)) return ptr; preempt_disable(); mod = __module_address((unsigned long)ptr); preempt_enable(); if (mod) ptr = dereference_module_function_descriptor(mod, ptr); #endif return ptr; } #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* Lookup the address for a symbol. Returns 0 if not found. */ unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name); /* Call a function on each kallsyms symbol in the core kernel */ int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data); extern int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset); /* Lookup an address. modname is set to NULL if it's in the kernel. */ const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf); /* Look up a kernel symbol and return it in a text buffer. */ extern int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long address); int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname); int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name); /* How and when do we show kallsyms values? */ extern bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred); #else /* !CONFIG_KALLSYMS */ static inline unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset) { return 0; } static inline const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf) { return NULL; } static inline int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name) { return -ERANGE; } static inline bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred) { return false; } #endif /*CONFIG_KALLSYMS*/ static inline void print_ip_sym(const char *loglvl, unsigned long ip) { printk("%s[<%px>] %pS\n", loglvl, (void *) ip, (void *) ip); } #endif /*_LINUX_KALLSYMS_H*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM exceptions #if !defined(_TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <asm/trace/common.h> extern int trace_pagefault_reg(void); extern void trace_pagefault_unreg(void); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(x86_exceptions, TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code), TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, address ) __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( unsigned long, error_code ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->address = address; __entry->ip = regs->ip; __entry->error_code = error_code; ), TP_printk("address=%ps ip=%ps error_code=0x%lx", (void *)__entry->address, (void *)__entry->ip, __entry->error_code) ); #define DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT_FN(x86_exceptions, name, \ TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, \ unsigned long error_code), \ TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), \ trace_pagefault_reg, trace_pagefault_unreg); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_user); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_kernel); #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH . #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE exceptions #endif /* _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM writeback #if !defined(_TRACE_WRITEBACK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_WRITEBACK_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #define show_inode_state(state) \ __print_flags(state, "|", \ {I_DIRTY_SYNC, "I_DIRTY_SYNC"}, \ {I_DIRTY_DATASYNC, "I_DIRTY_DATASYNC"}, \ {I_DIRTY_PAGES, "I_DIRTY_PAGES"}, \ {I_NEW, "I_NEW"}, \ {I_WILL_FREE, "I_WILL_FREE"}, \ {I_FREEING, "I_FREEING"}, \ {I_CLEAR, "I_CLEAR"}, \ {I_SYNC, "I_SYNC"}, \ {I_DIRTY_TIME, "I_DIRTY_TIME"}, \ {I_REFERENCED, "I_REFERENCED"} \ ) /* enums need to be exported to user space */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a,b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a,b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define WB_WORK_REASON \ EM( WB_REASON_BACKGROUND, "background") \ EM( WB_REASON_VMSCAN, "vmscan") \ EM( WB_REASON_SYNC, "sync") \ EM( WB_REASON_PERIODIC, "periodic") \ EM( WB_REASON_LAPTOP_TIMER, "laptop_timer") \ EM( WB_REASON_FS_FREE_SPACE, "fs_free_space") \ EMe(WB_REASON_FORKER_THREAD, "forker_thread") WB_WORK_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a,b) { a, b }, #define EMe(a,b) { a, b } struct wb_writeback_work; DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_page_template, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(pgoff_t, index) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(mapping ? inode_to_bdi(mapping->host) : NULL), 32); __entry->ino = mapping ? mapping->host->i_ino : 0; __entry->index = page->index; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu index=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->index ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, writeback_dirty_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, wait_on_page_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_dirty_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, flags) ), TP_fast_assign( struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); /* may be called for files on pseudo FSes w/ unregistered bdi */ strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s flags=%s", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), show_inode_state(__entry->flags) ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_mark_inode_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return cgroup_ino(wb->memcg_css->cgroup); } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { if (wbc->wb) return __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wbc->wb); else return 1; } #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return 1; } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ #endif /* CREATE_TRACE_POINTS */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK TRACE_EVENT(inode_foreign_history, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned int history), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, history), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, history) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); __entry->history = history; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu history=0x%x", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->history ) ); TRACE_EVENT(inode_switch_wbs, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *old_wb, struct bdi_writeback *new_wb), TP_ARGS(inode, old_wb, new_wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, old_cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, new_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(old_wb->bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->old_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(old_wb); __entry->new_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(new_wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu old_cgroup_ino=%lu new_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->old_cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->new_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(track_foreign_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(page, wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(u64, bdi_id) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned int, memcg_id) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, page_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); struct inode *inode = mapping ? mapping->host : NULL; strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->bdi_id = wb->bdi->id; __entry->ino = inode ? inode->i_ino : 0; __entry->memcg_id = wb->memcg_css->id; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->page_cgroup_ino = cgroup_ino(page->mem_cgroup->css.cgroup); ), TP_printk("bdi %s[%llu]: ino=%lu memcg_id=%u cgroup_ino=%lu page_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->bdi_id, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->memcg_id, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->page_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(flush_foreign, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned int frn_bdi_id, unsigned int frn_memcg_id), TP_ARGS(wb, frn_bdi_id, frn_memcg_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, frn_bdi_id) __field(unsigned int, frn_memcg_id) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->frn_bdi_id = frn_bdi_id; __entry->frn_memcg_id = frn_memcg_id; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu frn_bdi_id=%u frn_memcg_id=%u", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->frn_bdi_id, __entry->frn_memcg_id ) ); #endif DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_write_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu sync_mode=%d cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->sync_mode, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_work_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), TP_ARGS(wb, work), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_pages) __field(dev_t, sb_dev) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->nr_pages = work->nr_pages; __entry->sb_dev = work->sb ? work->sb->s_dev : 0; __entry->sync_mode = work->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = work->for_kupdate; __entry->range_cyclic = work->range_cyclic; __entry->for_background = work->for_background; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: sb_dev %d:%d nr_pages=%ld sync_mode=%d " "kupdate=%d range_cyclic=%d background=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, MAJOR(__entry->sb_dev), MINOR(__entry->sb_dev), __entry->nr_pages, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->for_background, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_work_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), \ TP_ARGS(wb, work)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_queue); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_exec); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_start); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_written); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_wait); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_pages_written, TP_PROTO(long pages_written), TP_ARGS(pages_written), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, pages) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pages = pages_written; ), TP_printk("%ld", __entry->pages) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), \ TP_ARGS(wb)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_wake_background); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_bdi_register, TP_PROTO(struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); ), TP_printk("bdi %s", __entry->name ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class, TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(long, pages_skipped) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, for_reclaim) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(long, range_start) __field(long, range_end) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = wbc->for_kupdate; __entry->for_background = wbc->for_background; __entry->for_reclaim = wbc->for_reclaim; __entry->range_cyclic = wbc->range_cyclic; __entry->range_start = (long)wbc->range_start; __entry->range_end = (long)wbc->range_end; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: towrt=%ld skip=%ld mode=%d kupd=%d " "bgrd=%d reclm=%d cyclic=%d " "start=0x%lx end=0x%lx cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->for_background, __entry->for_reclaim, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->range_start, __entry->range_end, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ) #define DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(wbc_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), \ TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi)) DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writepage); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_queue_io, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work, unsigned long dirtied_before, int moved), TP_ARGS(wb, work, dirtied_before, moved), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(unsigned long, older) __field(long, age) __field(int, moved) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->older = dirtied_before; __entry->age = (jiffies - dirtied_before) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->moved = moved; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: older=%lu age=%ld enqueue=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->older, /* dirtied_before in jiffies */ __entry->age, /* dirtied_before in relative milliseconds */ __entry->moved, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(global_dirty_state, TP_PROTO(unsigned long background_thresh, unsigned long dirty_thresh ), TP_ARGS(background_thresh, dirty_thresh ), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, background_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_limit) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirtied) __field(unsigned long, nr_written) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_dirty = global_node_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY); __entry->nr_writeback = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITEBACK); __entry->nr_dirtied = global_node_page_state(NR_DIRTIED); __entry->nr_written = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITTEN); __entry->background_thresh = background_thresh; __entry->dirty_thresh = dirty_thresh; __entry->dirty_limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; ), TP_printk("dirty=%lu writeback=%lu " "bg_thresh=%lu thresh=%lu limit=%lu " "dirtied=%lu written=%lu", __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->background_thresh, __entry->dirty_thresh, __entry->dirty_limit, __entry->nr_dirtied, __entry->nr_written ) ); #define KBps(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10)) TRACE_EVENT(bdi_dirty_ratelimit, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long dirty_rate, unsigned long task_ratelimit), TP_ARGS(wb, dirty_rate, task_ratelimit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, write_bw) __field(unsigned long, avg_write_bw) __field(unsigned long, dirty_rate) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, balanced_dirty_ratelimit) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->write_bw = KBps(wb->write_bandwidth); __entry->avg_write_bw = KBps(wb->avg_write_bandwidth); __entry->dirty_rate = KBps(dirty_rate); __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "write_bw=%lu awrite_bw=%lu dirty_rate=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "balanced_dirty_ratelimit=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->write_bw, /* write bandwidth */ __entry->avg_write_bw, /* avg write bandwidth */ __entry->dirty_rate, /* bdi dirty rate */ __entry->dirty_ratelimit, /* base ratelimit */ __entry->task_ratelimit, /* ratelimit with position control */ __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit, /* the balanced ratelimit */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(balance_dirty_pages, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long thresh, unsigned long bg_thresh, unsigned long dirty, unsigned long bdi_thresh, unsigned long bdi_dirty, unsigned long dirty_ratelimit, unsigned long task_ratelimit, unsigned long dirtied, unsigned long period, long pause, unsigned long start_time), TP_ARGS(wb, thresh, bg_thresh, dirty, bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty, dirty_ratelimit, task_ratelimit, dirtied, period, pause, start_time), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, limit) __field(unsigned long, setpoint) __field(unsigned long, dirty) __field(unsigned long, bdi_setpoint) __field(unsigned long, bdi_dirty) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned int, dirtied) __field(unsigned int, dirtied_pause) __field(unsigned long, paused) __field( long, pause) __field(unsigned long, period) __field( long, think) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long freerun = (thresh + bg_thresh) / 2; strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; __entry->setpoint = (global_wb_domain.dirty_limit + freerun) / 2; __entry->dirty = dirty; __entry->bdi_setpoint = __entry->setpoint * bdi_thresh / (thresh + 1); __entry->bdi_dirty = bdi_dirty; __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->dirtied = dirtied; __entry->dirtied_pause = current->nr_dirtied_pause; __entry->think = current->dirty_paused_when == 0 ? 0 : (long)(jiffies - current->dirty_paused_when) * 1000/HZ; __entry->period = period * 1000 / HZ; __entry->pause = pause * 1000 / HZ; __entry->paused = (jiffies - start_time) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "limit=%lu setpoint=%lu dirty=%lu " "bdi_setpoint=%lu bdi_dirty=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "dirtied=%u dirtied_pause=%u " "paused=%lu pause=%ld period=%lu think=%ld cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->limit, __entry->setpoint, __entry->dirty, __entry->bdi_setpoint, __entry->bdi_dirty, __entry->dirty_ratelimit, __entry->task_ratelimit, __entry->dirtied, __entry->dirtied_pause, __entry->paused, /* ms */ __entry->pause, /* ms */ __entry->period, /* ms */ __entry->think, /* ms */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_sb_inodes_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(inode_to_wb(inode)); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_congest_waited_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, usec_timeout ) __field( unsigned int, usec_delayed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->usec_timeout = usec_timeout; __entry->usec_delayed = usec_delayed; ), TP_printk("usec_timeout=%u usec_delayed=%u", __entry->usec_timeout, __entry->usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_congestion_wait, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_wait_iff_congested, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_single_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write ), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(unsigned long, writeback_index) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(unsigned long, wrote) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->nr_to_write = nr_to_write; __entry->wrote = nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu " "index=%lu to_write=%ld wrote=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, __entry->writeback_index, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->wrote, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field(unsigned long, state ) __field( __u16, mode ) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu dirtied %lu state %s mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->dirtied_when, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->mode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime_iput, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); /* * Inode writeback list tracking. */ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_mark_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_clear_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); #endif /* _TRACE_WRITEBACK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MBCACHE_H #define _LINUX_MBCACHE_H #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/list_bl.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/fs.h> struct mb_cache; struct mb_cache_entry { /* List of entries in cache - protected by cache->c_list_lock */ struct list_head e_list; /* Hash table list - protected by hash chain bitlock */ struct hlist_bl_node e_hash_list; atomic_t e_refcnt; /* Key in hash - stable during lifetime of the entry */ u32 e_key; u32 e_referenced:1; u32 e_reusable:1; /* User provided value - stable during lifetime of the entry */ u64 e_value; }; struct mb_cache *mb_cache_create(int bucket_bits); void mb_cache_destroy(struct mb_cache *cache); int mb_cache_entry_create(struct mb_cache *cache, gfp_t mask, u32 key, u64 value, bool reusable); void __mb_cache_entry_free(struct mb_cache_entry *entry); static inline int mb_cache_entry_put(struct mb_cache *cache, struct mb_cache_entry *entry) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&entry->e_refcnt)) return 0; __mb_cache_entry_free(entry); return 1; } void mb_cache_entry_delete(struct mb_cache *cache, u32 key, u64 value); struct mb_cache_entry *mb_cache_entry_get(struct mb_cache *cache, u32 key, u64 value); struct mb_cache_entry *mb_cache_entry_find_first(struct mb_cache *cache, u32 key); struct mb_cache_entry *mb_cache_entry_find_next(struct mb_cache *cache, struct mb_cache_entry *entry); void mb_cache_entry_touch(struct mb_cache *cache, struct mb_cache_entry *entry); #endif /* _LINUX_MBCACHE_H */
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1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 1995 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * Copyright (C) 2008-2009, Red Hat Inc., Ingo Molnar */ #include <linux/sched.h> /* test_thread_flag(), ... */ #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> /* task_stack_*(), ... */ #include <linux/kdebug.h> /* oops_begin/end, ... */ #include <linux/extable.h> /* search_exception_tables */ #include <linux/memblock.h> /* max_low_pfn */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> /* NOKPROBE_SYMBOL, ... */ #include <linux/mmiotrace.h> /* kmmio_handler, ... */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> /* perf_sw_event */ #include <linux/hugetlb.h> /* hstate_index_to_shift */ #include <linux/prefetch.h> /* prefetchw */ #include <linux/context_tracking.h> /* exception_enter(), ... */ #include <linux/uaccess.h> /* faulthandler_disabled() */ #include <linux/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> /* boot_cpu_has, ... */ #include <asm/traps.h> /* dotraplinkage, ... */ #include <asm/fixmap.h> /* VSYSCALL_ADDR */ #include <asm/vsyscall.h> /* emulate_vsyscall */ #include <asm/vm86.h> /* struct vm86 */ #include <asm/mmu_context.h> /* vma_pkey() */ #include <asm/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <asm/desc.h> /* store_idt(), ... */ #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> /* exception stack */ #include <asm/pgtable_areas.h> /* VMALLOC_START, ... */ #include <asm/kvm_para.h> /* kvm_handle_async_pf */ #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <asm/trace/exceptions.h> /* * Returns 0 if mmiotrace is disabled, or if the fault is not * handled by mmiotrace: */ static nokprobe_inline int kmmio_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr) { if (unlikely(is_kmmio_active())) if (kmmio_handler(regs, addr) == 1) return -1; return 0; } /* * Prefetch quirks: * * 32-bit mode: * * Sometimes AMD Athlon/Opteron CPUs report invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. This is AMD erratum #91. * * 64-bit mode: * * Sometimes the CPU reports invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. * * Opcode checker based on code by Richard Brunner. */ static inline int check_prefetch_opcode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned char *instr, unsigned char opcode, int *prefetch) { unsigned char instr_hi = opcode & 0xf0; unsigned char instr_lo = opcode & 0x0f; switch (instr_hi) { case 0x20: case 0x30: /* * Values 0x26,0x2E,0x36,0x3E are valid x86 prefixes. * In X86_64 long mode, the CPU will signal invalid * opcode if some of these prefixes are present so * X86_64 will never get here anyway */ return ((instr_lo & 7) == 0x6); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 case 0x40: /* * In 64-bit mode 0x40..0x4F are valid REX prefixes */ return (!user_mode(regs) || user_64bit_mode(regs)); #endif case 0x60: /* 0x64 thru 0x67 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return (instr_lo & 0xC) == 0x4; case 0xF0: /* 0xF0, 0xF2, 0xF3 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return !instr_lo || (instr_lo>>1) == 1; case 0x00: /* Prefetch instruction is 0x0F0D or 0x0F18 */ if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) return 0; *prefetch = (instr_lo == 0xF) && (opcode == 0x0D || opcode == 0x18); return 0; default: return 0; } } static int is_prefetch(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long addr) { unsigned char *max_instr; unsigned char *instr; int prefetch = 0; /* * If it was a exec (instruction fetch) fault on NX page, then * do not ignore the fault: */ if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) return 0; instr = (void *)convert_ip_to_linear(current, regs); max_instr = instr + 15; /* * This code has historically always bailed out if IP points to a * not-present page (e.g. due to a race). No one has ever * complained about this. */ pagefault_disable(); while (instr < max_instr) { unsigned char opcode; if (user_mode(regs)) { if (get_user(opcode, instr)) break; } else { if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) break; } instr++; if (!check_prefetch_opcode(regs, instr, opcode, &prefetch)) break; } pagefault_enable(); return prefetch; } DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pgd_lock); LIST_HEAD(pgd_list); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline pmd_t *vmalloc_sync_one(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { unsigned index = pgd_index(address); pgd_t *pgd_k; p4d_t *p4d, *p4d_k; pud_t *pud, *pud_k; pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_k; pgd += index; pgd_k = init_mm.pgd + index; if (!pgd_present(*pgd_k)) return NULL; /* * set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_k); here would be useless on PAE * and redundant with the set_pmd() on non-PAE. As would * set_p4d/set_pud. */ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); p4d_k = p4d_offset(pgd_k, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d_k)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pud_k = pud_offset(p4d_k, address); if (!pud_present(*pud_k)) return NULL; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pmd_k = pmd_offset(pud_k, address); if (pmd_present(*pmd) != pmd_present(*pmd_k)) set_pmd(pmd, *pmd_k); if (!pmd_present(*pmd_k)) return NULL; else BUG_ON(pmd_pfn(*pmd) != pmd_pfn(*pmd_k)); return pmd_k; } /* * Handle a fault on the vmalloc or module mapping area * * This is needed because there is a race condition between the time * when the vmalloc mapping code updates the PMD to the point in time * where it synchronizes this update with the other page-tables in the * system. * * In this race window another thread/CPU can map an area on the same * PMD, finds it already present and does not synchronize it with the * rest of the system yet. As a result v[mz]alloc might return areas * which are not mapped in every page-table in the system, causing an * unhandled page-fault when they are accessed. */ static noinline int vmalloc_fault(unsigned long address) { unsigned long pgd_paddr; pmd_t *pmd_k; pte_t *pte_k; /* Make sure we are in vmalloc area: */ if (!(address >= VMALLOC_START && address < VMALLOC_END)) return -1; /* * Synchronize this task's top level page-table * with the 'reference' page table. * * Do _not_ use "current" here. We might be inside * an interrupt in the middle of a task switch.. */ pgd_paddr = read_cr3_pa(); pmd_k = vmalloc_sync_one(__va(pgd_paddr), address); if (!pmd_k) return -1; if (pmd_large(*pmd_k)) return 0; pte_k = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_k, address); if (!pte_present(*pte_k)) return -1; return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(vmalloc_fault); void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long addr; for (addr = start & PMD_MASK; addr >= TASK_SIZE_MAX && addr < VMALLOC_END; addr += PMD_SIZE) { struct page *page; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) { spinlock_t *pgt_lock; /* the pgt_lock only for Xen */ pgt_lock = &pgd_page_get_mm(page)->page_table_lock; spin_lock(pgt_lock); vmalloc_sync_one(page_address(page), addr); spin_unlock(pgt_lock); } spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); } } /* * Did it hit the DOS screen memory VA from vm86 mode? */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VM86 unsigned long bit; if (!v8086_mode(regs) || !tsk->thread.vm86) return; bit = (address - 0xA0000) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (bit < 32) tsk->thread.vm86->screen_bitmap |= 1 << bit; #endif } static bool low_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { return pfn < max_low_pfn; } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = &base[pgd_index(address)]; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE pr_info("*pdpt = %016Lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!low_pfn(pgd_val(*pgd) >> PAGE_SHIFT) || !pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; #define pr_pde pr_cont #else #define pr_pde pr_info #endif p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pr_pde("*pde = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pmd) * 2, (u64)pmd_val(*pmd)); #undef pr_pde /* * We must not directly access the pte in the highpte * case if the page table is located in highmem. * And let's rather not kmap-atomic the pte, just in case * it's allocated already: */ if (!low_pfn(pmd_pfn(*pmd)) || !pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); pr_cont("*pte = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pte) * 2, (u64)pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); } #else /* CONFIG_X86_64: */ #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD static const char errata93_warning[] = KERN_ERR "******* Your BIOS seems to not contain a fix for K8 errata #93\n" "******* Working around it, but it may cause SEGVs or burn power.\n" "******* Please consider a BIOS update.\n" "******* Disabling USB legacy in the BIOS may also help.\n"; #endif /* * No vm86 mode in 64-bit mode: */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { } static int bad_address(void *p) { unsigned long dummy; return get_kernel_nofault(dummy, (unsigned long *)p); } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = base + pgd_index(address); p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; if (bad_address(pgd)) goto bad; pr_info("PGD %lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (bad_address(p4d)) goto bad; pr_cont("P4D %lx ", p4d_val(*p4d)); if (!p4d_present(*p4d) || p4d_large(*p4d)) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (bad_address(pud)) goto bad; pr_cont("PUD %lx ", pud_val(*pud)); if (!pud_present(*pud) || pud_large(*pud)) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (bad_address(pmd)) goto bad; pr_cont("PMD %lx ", pmd_val(*pmd)); if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (bad_address(pte)) goto bad; pr_cont("PTE %lx", pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); return; bad: pr_info("BAD\n"); } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ /* * Workaround for K8 erratum #93 & buggy BIOS. * * BIOS SMM functions are required to use a specific workaround * to avoid corruption of the 64bit RIP register on C stepping K8. * * A lot of BIOS that didn't get tested properly miss this. * * The OS sees this as a page fault with the upper 32bits of RIP cleared. * Try to work around it here. * * Note we only handle faults in kernel here. * Does nothing on 32-bit. */ static int is_errata93(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD) if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_AMD || boot_cpu_data.x86 != 0xf) return 0; if (address != regs->ip) return 0; if ((address >> 32) != 0) return 0; address |= 0xffffffffUL << 32; if ((address >= (u64)_stext && address <= (u64)_etext) || (address >= MODULES_VADDR && address <= MODULES_END)) { printk_once(errata93_warning); regs->ip = address; return 1; } #endif return 0; } /* * Work around K8 erratum #100 K8 in compat mode occasionally jumps * to illegal addresses >4GB. * * We catch this in the page fault handler because these addresses * are not reachable. Just detect this case and return. Any code * segment in LDT is compatibility mode. */ static int is_errata100(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 if ((regs->cs == __USER32_CS || (regs->cs & (1<<2))) && (address >> 32)) return 1; #endif return 0; } /* Pentium F0 0F C7 C8 bug workaround: */ static int is_f00f_bug(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_F00F) && idt_is_f00f_address(address)) { handle_invalid_op(regs); return 1; } #endif return 0; } static void show_ldttss(const struct desc_ptr *gdt, const char *name, u16 index) { u32 offset = (index >> 3) * sizeof(struct desc_struct); unsigned long addr; struct ldttss_desc desc; if (index == 0) { pr_alert("%s: NULL\n", name); return; } if (offset + sizeof(struct ldttss_desc) >= gdt->size) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- out of bounds\n", name, index); return; } if (copy_from_kernel_nofault(&desc, (void *)(gdt->address + offset), sizeof(struct ldttss_desc))) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- GDT entry is not readable\n", name, index); return; } addr = desc.base0 | (desc.base1 << 16) | ((unsigned long)desc.base2 << 24); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 addr |= ((u64)desc.base3 << 32); #endif pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- base=0x%lx limit=0x%x\n", name, index, addr, (desc.limit0 | (desc.limit1 << 16))); } static void show_fault_oops(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!oops_may_print()) return; if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) { unsigned int level; pgd_t *pgd; pte_t *pte; pgd = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd += pgd_index(address); pte = lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd, address, &level); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_exec(*pte)) pr_crit("kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && pte_exec(*pte) && (pgd_flags(*pgd) & _PAGE_USER) && (__read_cr4() & X86_CR4_SMEP)) pr_crit("unable to execute userspace code (SMEP?) (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); } if (address < PAGE_SIZE && !user_mode(regs)) pr_alert("BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: %px\n", (void *)address); else pr_alert("BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: %px\n", (void *)address); pr_alert("#PF: %s %s in %s mode\n", (error_code & X86_PF_USER) ? "user" : "supervisor", (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) ? "instruction fetch" : (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) ? "write access" : "read access", user_mode(regs) ? "user" : "kernel"); pr_alert("#PF: error_code(0x%04lx) - %s\n", error_code, !(error_code & X86_PF_PROT) ? "not-present page" : (error_code & X86_PF_RSVD) ? "reserved bit violation" : (error_code & X86_PF_PK) ? "protection keys violation" : "permissions violation"); if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER) && user_mode(regs)) { struct desc_ptr idt, gdt; u16 ldtr, tr; /* * This can happen for quite a few reasons. The more obvious * ones are faults accessing the GDT, or LDT. Perhaps * surprisingly, if the CPU tries to deliver a benign or * contributory exception from user code and gets a page fault * during delivery, the page fault can be delivered as though * it originated directly from user code. This could happen * due to wrong permissions on the IDT, GDT, LDT, TSS, or * kernel or IST stack. */ store_idt(&idt); /* Usable even on Xen PV -- it's just slow. */ native_store_gdt(&gdt); pr_alert("IDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx) GDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx)\n", idt.address, idt.size, gdt.address, gdt.size); store_ldt(ldtr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "LDTR", ldtr); store_tr(tr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "TR", tr); } dump_pagetable(address); } static noinline void pgtable_bad(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long flags; int sig; flags = oops_begin(); tsk = current; sig = SIGKILL; printk(KERN_ALERT "%s: Corrupted page table at address %lx\n", tsk->comm, address); dump_pagetable(address); if (__die("Bad pagetable", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } static void set_signal_archinfo(unsigned long address, unsigned long error_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page * table layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to * kernel addresses are always protection faults. * * NB: This means that failed vsyscalls with vsyscall=none * will have the PROT bit. This doesn't leak any * information and does not appear to cause any problems. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; tsk->thread.trap_nr = X86_TRAP_PF; tsk->thread.error_code = error_code | X86_PF_USER; tsk->thread.cr2 = address; } static noinline void no_context(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, int signal, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned long flags; int sig; if (user_mode(regs)) { /* * This is an implicit supervisor-mode access from user * mode. Bypass all the kernel-mode recovery code and just * OOPS. */ goto oops; } /* Are we prepared to handle this kernel fault? */ if (fixup_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_PF, error_code, address)) { /* * Any interrupt that takes a fault gets the fixup. This makes * the below recursive fault logic only apply to a faults from * task context. */ if (in_interrupt()) return; /* * Per the above we're !in_interrupt(), aka. task context. * * In this case we need to make sure we're not recursively * faulting through the emulate_vsyscall() logic. */ if (current->thread.sig_on_uaccess_err && signal) { set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); /* XXX: hwpoison faults will set the wrong code. */ force_sig_fault(signal, si_code, (void __user *)address); } /* * Barring that, we can do the fixup and be happy. */ return; } #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK /* * Stack overflow? During boot, we can fault near the initial * stack in the direct map, but that's not an overflow -- check * that we're in vmalloc space to avoid this. */ if (is_vmalloc_addr((void *)address) && (((unsigned long)tsk->stack - 1 - address < PAGE_SIZE) || address - ((unsigned long)tsk->stack + THREAD_SIZE) < PAGE_SIZE)) { unsigned long stack = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(DF) - sizeof(void *); /* * We're likely to be running with very little stack space * left. It's plausible that we'd hit this condition but * double-fault even before we get this far, in which case * we're fine: the double-fault handler will deal with it. * * We don't want to make it all the way into the oops code * and then double-fault, though, because we're likely to * break the console driver and lose most of the stack dump. */ asm volatile ("movq %[stack], %%rsp\n\t" "call handle_stack_overflow\n\t" "1: jmp 1b" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT : "D" ("kernel stack overflow (page fault)"), "S" (regs), "d" (address), [stack] "rm" (stack)); unreachable(); } #endif /* * 32-bit: * * Valid to do another page fault here, because if this fault * had been triggered by is_prefetch fixup_exception would have * handled it. * * 64-bit: * * Hall of shame of CPU/BIOS bugs. */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata93(regs, address)) return; /* * Buggy firmware could access regions which might page fault, try to * recover from such faults. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EFI)) efi_recover_from_page_fault(address); oops: /* * Oops. The kernel tried to access some bad page. We'll have to * terminate things with extreme prejudice: */ flags = oops_begin(); show_fault_oops(regs, error_code, address); if (task_stack_end_corrupted(tsk)) printk(KERN_EMERG "Thread overran stack, or stack corrupted\n"); sig = SIGKILL; if (__die("Oops", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; /* Executive summary in case the body of the oops scrolled away */ printk(KERN_DEFAULT "CR2: %016lx\n", address); oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } /* * Print out info about fatal segfaults, if the show_unhandled_signals * sysctl is set: */ static inline void show_signal_msg(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { const char *loglvl = task_pid_nr(tsk) > 1 ? KERN_INFO : KERN_EMERG; if (!unhandled_signal(tsk, SIGSEGV)) return; if (!printk_ratelimit()) return; printk("%s%s[%d]: segfault at %lx ip %px sp %px error %lx", loglvl, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk), address, (void *)regs->ip, (void *)regs->sp, error_code); print_vma_addr(KERN_CONT " in ", regs->ip); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); show_opcodes(regs, loglvl); } /* * The (legacy) vsyscall page is the long page in the kernel portion * of the address space that has user-accessible permissions. */ static bool is_vsyscall_vaddr(unsigned long vaddr) { return unlikely((vaddr & PAGE_MASK) == VSYSCALL_ADDR); } static void __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* User mode accesses just cause a SIGSEGV */ if (user_mode(regs) && (error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { /* * It's possible to have interrupts off here: */ local_irq_enable(); /* * Valid to do another page fault here because this one came * from user space: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata100(regs, address)) return; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page table * layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to kernel addresses * are always protection faults. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; if (likely(show_unhandled_signals)) show_signal_msg(regs, error_code, address, tsk); set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); if (si_code == SEGV_PKUERR) force_sig_pkuerr((void __user *)address, pkey); force_sig_fault(SIGSEGV, si_code, (void __user *)address); local_irq_disable(); return; } if (is_f00f_bug(regs, address)) return; no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static void __bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; /* * Something tried to access memory that isn't in our memory map.. * Fix it, but check if it's kernel or user first.. */ mmap_read_unlock(mm); __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, pkey, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static inline bool bad_area_access_from_pkeys(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This code is always called on the current mm */ bool foreign = false; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return false; if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return true; /* this checks permission keys on the VMA: */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return true; return false; } static noinline void bad_area_access_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * This OSPKE check is not strictly necessary at runtime. * But, doing it this way allows compiler optimizations * if pkeys are compiled out. */ if (bad_area_access_from_pkeys(error_code, vma)) { /* * A protection key fault means that the PKRU value did not allow * access to some PTE. Userspace can figure out what PKRU was * from the XSAVE state. This function captures the pkey from * the vma and passes it to userspace so userspace can discover * which protection key was set on the PTE. * * If we get here, we know that the hardware signaled a X86_PF_PK * fault and that there was a VMA once we got in the fault * handler. It does *not* guarantee that the VMA we find here * was the one that we faulted on. * * 1. T1 : mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=4); * 2. T1 : set PKRU to deny access to pkey=4, touches page * 3. T1 : faults... * 4. T2: mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=5); * 5. T1 : enters fault handler, takes mmap_lock, etc... * 6. T1 : reaches here, sees vma_pkey(vma)=5, when we really * faulted on a pte with its pkey=4. */ u32 pkey = vma_pkey(vma); __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, pkey, SEGV_PKUERR); } else { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_ACCERR); } } static void do_sigbus(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* User-space => ok to do another page fault: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE if (fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned lsb = 0; pr_err( "MCE: Killing %s:%d due to hardware memory corruption fault at %lx\n", tsk->comm, tsk->pid, address); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE) lsb = hstate_index_to_shift(VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(fault)); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON) lsb = PAGE_SHIFT; force_sig_mceerr(BUS_MCEERR_AR, (void __user *)address, lsb); return; } #endif force_sig_fault(SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR, (void __user *)address); } static noinline void mm_fault_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, 0, 0); return; } if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR); return; } /* * We ran out of memory, call the OOM killer, and return the * userspace (which will retry the fault, or kill us if we got * oom-killed): */ pagefault_out_of_memory(); } else { if (fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON| VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) do_sigbus(regs, error_code, address, fault); else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV) bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address); else BUG(); } } static int spurious_kernel_fault_check(unsigned long error_code, pte_t *pte) { if ((error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) && !pte_write(*pte)) return 0; if ((error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) && !pte_exec(*pte)) return 0; return 1; } /* * Handle a spurious fault caused by a stale TLB entry. * * This allows us to lazily refresh the TLB when increasing the * permissions of a kernel page (RO -> RW or NX -> X). Doing it * eagerly is very expensive since that implies doing a full * cross-processor TLB flush, even if no stale TLB entries exist * on other processors. * * Spurious faults may only occur if the TLB contains an entry with * fewer permission than the page table entry. Non-present (P = 0) * and reserved bit (R = 1) faults are never spurious. * * There are no security implications to leaving a stale TLB when * increasing the permissions on a page. * * Returns non-zero if a spurious fault was handled, zero otherwise. * * See Intel Developer's Manual Vol 3 Section 4.10.4.3, bullet 3 * (Optional Invalidation). */ static noinline int spurious_kernel_fault(unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; int ret; /* * Only writes to RO or instruction fetches from NX may cause * spurious faults. * * These could be from user or supervisor accesses but the TLB * is only lazily flushed after a kernel mapping protection * change, so user accesses are not expected to cause spurious * faults. */ if (error_code != (X86_PF_WRITE | X86_PF_PROT) && error_code != (X86_PF_INSTR | X86_PF_PROT)) return 0; pgd = init_mm.pgd + pgd_index(address); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) return 0; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) return 0; if (p4d_large(*p4d)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) p4d); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (!pud_present(*pud)) return 0; if (pud_large(*pud)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pud); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) return 0; if (pmd_large(*pmd)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (!pte_present(*pte)) return 0; ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, pte); if (!ret) return 0; /* * Make sure we have permissions in PMD. * If not, then there's a bug in the page tables: */ ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); WARN_ONCE(!ret, "PMD has incorrect permission bits\n"); return ret; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(spurious_kernel_fault); int show_unhandled_signals = 1; static inline int access_error(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This is only called for the current mm, so: */ bool foreign = false; /* * Read or write was blocked by protection keys. This is * always an unconditional error and can never result in * a follow-up action to resolve the fault, like a COW. */ if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return 1; /* * Make sure to check the VMA so that we do not perform * faults just to hit a X86_PF_PK as soon as we fill in a * page. */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return 1; if (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) { /* write, present and write, not present: */ if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))) return 1; return 0; } /* read, present: */ if (unlikely(error_code & X86_PF_PROT)) return 1; /* read, not present: */ if (unlikely(!vma_is_accessible(vma))) return 1; return 0; } bool fault_in_kernel_space(unsigned long address) { /* * On 64-bit systems, the vsyscall page is at an address above * TASK_SIZE_MAX, but is not considered part of the kernel * address space. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) return false; return address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX; } /* * Called for all faults where 'address' is part of the kernel address * space. Might get called for faults that originate from *code* that * ran in userspace or the kernel. */ static void do_kern_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { /* * Protection keys exceptions only happen on user pages. We * have no user pages in the kernel portion of the address * space, so do not expect them here. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(hw_error_code & X86_PF_PK); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * We can fault-in kernel-space virtual memory on-demand. The * 'reference' page table is init_mm.pgd. * * NOTE! We MUST NOT take any locks for this case. We may * be in an interrupt or a critical region, and should * only copy the information from the master page table, * nothing more. * * Before doing this on-demand faulting, ensure that the * fault is not any of the following: * 1. A fault on a PTE with a reserved bit set. * 2. A fault caused by a user-mode access. (Do not demand- * fault kernel memory due to user-mode accesses). * 3. A fault caused by a page-level protection violation. * (A demand fault would be on a non-present page which * would have X86_PF_PROT==0). * * This is only needed to close a race condition on x86-32 in * the vmalloc mapping/unmapping code. See the comment above * vmalloc_fault() for details. On x86-64 the race does not * exist as the vmalloc mappings don't need to be synchronized * there. */ if (!(hw_error_code & (X86_PF_RSVD | X86_PF_USER | X86_PF_PROT))) { if (vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0) return; } #endif /* Was the fault spurious, caused by lazy TLB invalidation? */ if (spurious_kernel_fault(hw_error_code, address)) return; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF)) return; /* * Note, despite being a "bad area", there are quite a few * acceptable reasons to get here, such as erratum fixups * and handling kernel code that can fault, like get_user(). * * Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch * fault we could otherwise deadlock: */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_kern_addr_fault); /* Handle faults in the user portion of the address space */ static inline void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct task_struct *tsk; struct mm_struct *mm; vm_fault_t fault; unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT; tsk = current; mm = tsk->mm; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (unlikely(kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF))) return; /* * Reserved bits are never expected to be set on * entries in the user portion of the page tables. */ if (unlikely(hw_error_code & X86_PF_RSVD)) pgtable_bad(regs, hw_error_code, address); /* * If SMAP is on, check for invalid kernel (supervisor) access to user * pages in the user address space. The odd case here is WRUSS, * which, according to the preliminary documentation, does not respect * SMAP and will have the USER bit set so, in all cases, SMAP * enforcement appears to be consistent with the USER bit. */ if (unlikely(cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SMAP) && !(hw_error_code & X86_PF_USER) && !(regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_AC))) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * If we're in an interrupt, have no user context or are running * in a region with pagefaults disabled then we must not take the fault */ if (unlikely(faulthandler_disabled() || !mm)) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * It's safe to allow irq's after cr2 has been saved and the * vmalloc fault has been handled. * * User-mode registers count as a user access even for any * potential system fault or CPU buglet: */ if (user_mode(regs)) { local_irq_enable(); flags |= FAULT_FLAG_USER; } else { if (regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_IF) local_irq_enable(); } perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, address); if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * Faults in the vsyscall page might need emulation. The * vsyscall page is at a high address (>PAGE_OFFSET), but is * considered to be part of the user address space. * * The vsyscall page does not have a "real" VMA, so do this * emulation before we go searching for VMAs. * * PKRU never rejects instruction fetches, so we don't need * to consider the PF_PK bit. */ if (is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) { if (emulate_vsyscall(hw_error_code, regs, address)) return; } #endif /* * Kernel-mode access to the user address space should only occur * on well-defined single instructions listed in the exception * tables. But, an erroneous kernel fault occurring outside one of * those areas which also holds mmap_lock might deadlock attempting * to validate the fault against the address space. * * Only do the expensive exception table search when we might be at * risk of a deadlock. This happens if we * 1. Failed to acquire mmap_lock, and * 2. The access did not originate in userspace. */ if (unlikely(!mmap_read_trylock(mm))) { if (!user_mode(regs) && !search_exception_tables(regs->ip)) { /* * Fault from code in kernel from * which we do not expect faults. */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } retry: mmap_read_lock(mm); } else { /* * The above down_read_trylock() might have succeeded in * which case we'll have missed the might_sleep() from * down_read(): */ might_sleep(); } vma = find_vma(mm, address); if (unlikely(!vma)) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (likely(vma->vm_start <= address)) goto good_area; if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (unlikely(expand_stack(vma, address))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access, so * we can handle it.. */ good_area: if (unlikely(access_error(hw_error_code, vma))) { bad_area_access_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, vma); return; } /* * If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault, * make sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo * the fault. Since we never set FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, if * we get VM_FAULT_RETRY back, the mmap_lock has been unlocked. * * Note that handle_userfault() may also release and reacquire mmap_lock * (and not return with VM_FAULT_RETRY), when returning to userland to * repeat the page fault later with a VM_FAULT_NOPAGE retval * (potentially after handling any pending signal during the return to * userland). The return to userland is identified whenever * FAULT_FLAG_USER|FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE are both set in flags. */ fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags, regs); /* Quick path to respond to signals */ if (fault_signal_pending(fault, regs)) { if (!user_mode(regs)) no_context(regs, hw_error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* * If we need to retry the mmap_lock has already been released, * and if there is a fatal signal pending there is no guarantee * that we made any progress. Handle this case first. */ if (unlikely((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY))) { flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED; goto retry; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) { mm_fault_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, fault); return; } check_v8086_mode(regs, address, tsk); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_user_addr_fault); static __always_inline void trace_page_fault_entries(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!trace_pagefault_enabled()) return; if (user_mode(regs)) trace_page_fault_user(address, regs, error_code); else trace_page_fault_kernel(address, regs, error_code); } static __always_inline void handle_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { trace_page_fault_entries(regs, error_code, address); if (unlikely(kmmio_fault(regs, address))) return; /* Was the fault on kernel-controlled part of the address space? */ if (unlikely(fault_in_kernel_space(address))) { do_kern_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); } else { do_user_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); /* * User address page fault handling might have reenabled * interrupts. Fixing up all potential exit points of * do_user_addr_fault() and its leaf functions is just not * doable w/o creating an unholy mess or turning the code * upside down. */ local_irq_disable(); } } DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW_ERRORCODE(exc_page_fault) { unsigned long address = read_cr2(); irqentry_state_t state; prefetchw(&current->mm->mmap_lock); /* * KVM uses #PF vector to deliver 'page not present' events to guests * (asynchronous page fault mechanism). The event happens when a * userspace task is trying to access some valid (from guest's point of * view) memory which is not currently mapped by the host (e.g. the * memory is swapped out). Note, the corresponding "page ready" event * which is injected when the memory becomes available, is delived via * an interrupt mechanism and not a #PF exception * (see arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c: sysvec_kvm_asyncpf_interrupt()). * * We are relying on the interrupted context being sane (valid RSP, * relevant locks not held, etc.), which is fine as long as the * interrupted context had IF=1. We are also relying on the KVM * async pf type field and CR2 being read consistently instead of * getting values from real and async page faults mixed up. * * Fingers crossed. * * The async #PF handling code takes care of idtentry handling * itself. */ if (kvm_handle_async_pf(regs, (u32)address)) return; /* * Entry handling for valid #PF from kernel mode is slightly * different: RCU is already watching and rcu_irq_enter() must not * be invoked because a kernel fault on a user space address might * sleep. * * In case the fault hit a RCU idle region the conditional entry * code reenabled RCU to avoid subsequent wreckage which helps * debugability. */ state = irqentry_enter(regs); instrumentation_begin(); handle_page_fault(regs, error_code, address); instrumentation_end(); irqentry_exit(regs, state); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPUSET_H #define _LINUX_CPUSET_H /* * cpuset interface * * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/topology.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* * Static branch rewrites can happen in an arbitrary order for a given * key. In code paths where we need to loop with read_mems_allowed_begin() and * read_mems_allowed_retry() to get a consistent view of mems_allowed, we need * to ensure that begin() always gets rewritten before retry() in the * disabled -> enabled transition. If not, then if local irqs are disabled * around the loop, we can deadlock since retry() would always be * comparing the latest value of the mems_allowed seqcount against 0 as * begin() still would see cpusets_enabled() as false. The enabled -> disabled * transition should happen in reverse order for the same reasons (want to stop * looking at real value of mems_allowed.sequence in retry() first). */ extern struct static_key_false cpusets_pre_enable_key; extern struct static_key_false cpusets_enabled_key; static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_inc(void) { static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_dec(void) { static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); } extern int cpuset_init(void); extern void cpuset_init_smp(void); extern void cpuset_force_rebuild(void); extern void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void); extern void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void); extern void cpuset_read_lock(void); extern void cpuset_read_unlock(void); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p); extern nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p); #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (current->mems_allowed) void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void); int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask); extern bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_node_allowed(node, gfp_mask); return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __cpuset_node_allowed(zone_to_nid(z), gfp_mask); } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_zone_allowed(z, gfp_mask); return true; } extern int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2); #define cpuset_memory_pressure_bump() \ do { \ if (cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled) \ __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(); \ } while (0) extern int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; extern void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void); extern void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task); extern int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk); extern int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void); extern int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void); static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_page(current); } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_slab(current); } extern bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void); extern void rebuild_sched_domains(void); extern void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void); /* * read_mems_allowed_begin is required when making decisions involving * mems_allowed such as during page allocation. mems_allowed can be updated in * parallel and depending on the new value an operation can fail potentially * causing process failure. A retry loop with read_mems_allowed_begin and * read_mems_allowed_retry prevents these artificial failures. */ static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_pre_enable_key)) return 0; return read_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); } /* * If this returns true, the operation that took place after * read_mems_allowed_begin may have failed artificially due to a concurrent * update of mems_allowed. It is up to the caller to retry the operation if * appropriate. */ static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key)) return false; return read_seqcount_retry(&current->mems_allowed_seq, seq); } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { unsigned long flags; task_lock(current); local_irq_save(flags); write_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); current->mems_allowed = nodemask; write_seqcount_end(&current->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_restore(flags); task_unlock(current); } #else /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuset_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void cpuset_init_smp(void) {} static inline void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { } static inline void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask) { cpumask_copy(mask, cpu_possible_mask); } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p) { return node_possible_map; } #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) {} static inline int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return 1; } static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return 1; } static inline void cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) {} static inline void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { return false; } static inline void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { } static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { return 0; } static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ #endif /* _LINUX_CPUSET_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #define __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <linux/pkt_cls.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/dynamic_queue_limits.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <net/gen_stats.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/flow_offload.h> struct Qdisc_ops; struct qdisc_walker; struct tcf_walker; struct module; struct bpf_flow_keys; struct qdisc_rate_table { struct tc_ratespec rate; u32 data[256]; struct qdisc_rate_table *next; int refcnt; }; enum qdisc_state_t { __QDISC_STATE_SCHED, __QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED, __QDISC_STATE_MISSED, }; struct qdisc_size_table { struct rcu_head rcu; struct list_head list; struct tc_sizespec szopts; int refcnt; u16 data[]; }; /* similar to sk_buff_head, but skb->prev pointer is undefined. */ struct qdisc_skb_head { struct sk_buff *head; struct sk_buff *tail; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct Qdisc { int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *sch); unsigned int flags; #define TCQ_F_BUILTIN 1 #define TCQ_F_INGRESS 2 #define TCQ_F_CAN_BYPASS 4 #define TCQ_F_MQROOT 8 #define TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE 0x10 /* dequeue_skb() can assume all skbs are for * q->dev_queue : It can test * netif_xmit_frozen_or_stopped() before * dequeueing next packet. * Its true for MQ/MQPRIO slaves, or non * multiqueue device. */ #define TCQ_F_WARN_NONWC (1 << 16) #define TCQ_F_CPUSTATS 0x20 /* run using percpu statistics */ #define TCQ_F_NOPARENT 0x40 /* root of its hierarchy : * qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() should stop. */ #define TCQ_F_INVISIBLE 0x80 /* invisible by default in dump */ #define TCQ_F_NOLOCK 0x100 /* qdisc does not require locking */ #define TCQ_F_OFFLOADED 0x200 /* qdisc is offloaded to HW */ u32 limit; const struct Qdisc_ops *ops; struct qdisc_size_table __rcu *stab; struct hlist_node hash; u32 handle; u32 parent; struct netdev_queue *dev_queue; struct net_rate_estimator __rcu *rate_est; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; int pad; refcount_t refcnt; /* * For performance sake on SMP, we put highly modified fields at the end */ struct sk_buff_head gso_skb ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct qdisc_skb_head q; struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats; seqcount_t running; struct gnet_stats_queue qstats; unsigned long state; struct Qdisc *next_sched; struct sk_buff_head skb_bad_txq; spinlock_t busylock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; spinlock_t seqlock; /* for NOLOCK qdisc, true if there are no enqueued skbs */ bool empty; struct rcu_head rcu; /* private data */ long privdata[] ____cacheline_aligned; }; static inline void qdisc_refcount_inc(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return; refcount_inc(&qdisc->refcnt); } /* Intended to be used by unlocked users, when concurrent qdisc release is * possible. */ static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_refcount_inc_nz(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return qdisc; if (refcount_inc_not_zero(&qdisc->refcnt)) return qdisc; return NULL; } static inline bool qdisc_is_running(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) return spin_is_locked(&qdisc->seqlock); return (raw_read_seqcount(&qdisc->running) & 1) ? true : false; } static inline bool qdisc_is_percpu_stats(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->flags & TCQ_F_CPUSTATS; } static inline bool qdisc_is_empty(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(qdisc)) return READ_ONCE(qdisc->empty); return !READ_ONCE(qdisc->q.qlen); } static inline bool qdisc_run_begin(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { if (spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) goto nolock_empty; /* Paired with smp_mb__after_atomic() to make sure * STATE_MISSED checking is synchronized with clearing * in pfifo_fast_dequeue(). */ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* If the MISSED flag is set, it means other thread has * set the MISSED flag before second spin_trylock(), so * we can return false here to avoid multi cpus doing * the set_bit() and second spin_trylock() concurrently. */ if (test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state)) return false; /* Set the MISSED flag before the second spin_trylock(), * if the second spin_trylock() return false, it means * other cpu holding the lock will do dequeuing for us * or it will see the MISSED flag set after releasing * lock and reschedule the net_tx_action() to do the * dequeuing. */ set_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); /* spin_trylock() only has load-acquire semantic, so use * smp_mb__after_atomic() to ensure STATE_MISSED is set * before doing the second spin_trylock(). */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Retry again in case other CPU may not see the new flag * after it releases the lock at the end of qdisc_run_end(). */ if (!spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) return false; nolock_empty: WRITE_ONCE(qdisc->empty, false); } else if (qdisc_is_running(qdisc)) { return false; } /* Variant of write_seqcount_begin() telling lockdep a trylock * was attempted. */ raw_write_seqcount_begin(&qdisc->running); seqcount_acquire(&qdisc->running.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); return true; } static inline void qdisc_run_end(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { write_seqcount_end(&qdisc->running); if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { spin_unlock(&qdisc->seqlock); if (unlikely(test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state))) { clear_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); __netif_schedule(qdisc); } } } static inline bool qdisc_may_bulk(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE; } static inline int qdisc_avail_bulklimit(const struct netdev_queue *txq) { #ifdef CONFIG_BQL /* Non-BQL migrated drivers will return 0, too. */ return dql_avail(&txq->dql); #else return 0; #endif } struct Qdisc_class_ops { unsigned int flags; /* Child qdisc manipulation */ struct netdev_queue * (*select_queue)(struct Qdisc *, struct tcmsg *); int (*graft)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl, struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc **, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct Qdisc * (*leaf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl); void (*qlen_notify)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* Class manipulation routines */ unsigned long (*find)(struct Qdisc *, u32 classid); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *, u32, u32, struct nlattr **, unsigned long *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); void (*walk)(struct Qdisc *, struct qdisc_walker * arg); /* Filter manipulation */ struct tcf_block * (*tcf_block)(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned long (*bind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, u32 classid); void (*unbind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct gnet_dump *); }; /* Qdisc_class_ops flag values */ /* Implements API that doesn't require rtnl lock */ enum qdisc_class_ops_flags { QDISC_CLASS_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct Qdisc_ops { struct Qdisc_ops *next; const struct Qdisc_class_ops *cl_ops; char id[IFNAMSIZ]; int priv_size; unsigned int static_flags; int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *); struct sk_buff * (*peek)(struct Qdisc *); int (*init)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*reset)(struct Qdisc *); void (*destroy)(struct Qdisc *); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*attach)(struct Qdisc *sch); int (*change_tx_queue_len)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned int); int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, struct sk_buff *); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, struct gnet_dump *); void (*ingress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); void (*egress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); u32 (*ingress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); u32 (*egress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); struct module *owner; }; struct tcf_result { union { struct { unsigned long class; u32 classid; }; const struct tcf_proto *goto_tp; /* used in the skb_tc_reinsert function */ struct { bool ingress; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; }; }; struct tcf_chain; struct tcf_proto_ops { struct list_head head; char kind[IFNAMSIZ]; int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); int (*init)(struct tcf_proto*); void (*destroy)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void* (*get)(struct tcf_proto*, u32 handle); void (*put)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *f); int (*change)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_proto*, unsigned long, u32 handle, struct nlattr **, void **, bool, bool, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *arg, bool *last, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *); bool (*delete_empty)(struct tcf_proto *tp); void (*walk)(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_walker *arg, bool rtnl_held); int (*reoffload)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool add, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*hw_add)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*hw_del)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*bind_class)(void *, u32, unsigned long, void *, unsigned long); void * (*tmplt_create)(struct net *net, struct tcf_chain *chain, struct nlattr **tca, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*tmplt_destroy)(void *tmplt_priv); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct net*, struct tcf_proto*, void *, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*, bool); int (*terse_dump)(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp, void *fh, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg *t, bool rtnl_held); int (*tmplt_dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, void *tmplt_priv); struct module *owner; int flags; }; /* Classifiers setting TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED in tcf_proto_ops->flags * are expected to implement tcf_proto_ops->delete_empty(), otherwise race * conditions can occur when filters are inserted/deleted simultaneously. */ enum tcf_proto_ops_flags { TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct tcf_proto { /* Fast access part */ struct tcf_proto __rcu *next; void __rcu *root; /* called under RCU BH lock*/ int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); __be16 protocol; /* All the rest */ u32 prio; void *data; const struct tcf_proto_ops *ops; struct tcf_chain *chain; /* Lock protects tcf_proto shared state and can be used by unlocked * classifiers to protect their private data. */ spinlock_t lock; bool deleting; refcount_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; struct hlist_node destroy_ht_node; }; struct qdisc_skb_cb { struct { unsigned int pkt_len; u16 slave_dev_queue_mapping; u16 tc_classid; }; #define QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN 20 unsigned char data[QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN]; u16 mru; }; typedef void tcf_chain_head_change_t(struct tcf_proto *tp_head, void *priv); struct tcf_chain { /* Protects filter_chain. */ struct mutex filter_chain_lock; struct tcf_proto __rcu *filter_chain; struct list_head list; struct tcf_block *block; u32 index; /* chain index */ unsigned int refcnt; unsigned int action_refcnt; bool explicitly_created; bool flushing; const struct tcf_proto_ops *tmplt_ops; void *tmplt_priv; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct tcf_block { /* Lock protects tcf_block and lifetime-management data of chains * attached to the block (refcnt, action_refcnt, explicitly_created). */ struct mutex lock; struct list_head chain_list; u32 index; /* block index for shared blocks */ u32 classid; /* which class this block belongs to */ refcount_t refcnt; struct net *net; struct Qdisc *q; struct rw_semaphore cb_lock; /* protects cb_list and offload counters */ struct flow_block flow_block; struct list_head owner_list; bool keep_dst; atomic_t offloadcnt; /* Number of oddloaded filters */ unsigned int nooffloaddevcnt; /* Number of devs unable to do offload */ unsigned int lockeddevcnt; /* Number of devs that require rtnl lock. */ struct { struct tcf_chain *chain; struct list_head filter_chain_list; } chain0; struct rcu_head rcu; DECLARE_HASHTABLE(proto_destroy_ht, 7); struct mutex proto_destroy_lock; /* Lock for proto_destroy hashtable. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_chain *chain) { return lockdep_is_held(&chain->filter_chain_lock); } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return lockdep_is_held(&tp->lock); } #else static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_block *chain) { return true; } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return true; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ #define tcf_chain_dereference(p, chain) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(chain)) #define tcf_proto_dereference(p, tp) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(tp)) static inline void qdisc_cb_private_validate(const struct sk_buff *skb, int sz) { struct qdisc_skb_cb *qcb; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(skb->cb) < sizeof(*qcb)); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(qcb->data) < sz); } static inline int qdisc_qlen_cpu(const struct Qdisc *q) { return this_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats)->qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->q.qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen_sum(const struct Qdisc *q) { __u32 qlen = q->qstats.qlen; int i; if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(q)) { for_each_possible_cpu(i) qlen += per_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats, i)->qlen; } else { qlen += q->q.qlen; } return qlen; } static inline struct qdisc_skb_cb *qdisc_skb_cb(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct qdisc_skb_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_lock(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return &qdisc->q.lock; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference_rtnl(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); return q; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_bh(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return rcu_dereference_bh(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_sleeping(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping; } /* The qdisc root lock is a mechanism by which to top level * of a qdisc tree can be locked from any qdisc node in the * forest. This allows changing the configuration of some * aspect of the qdisc tree while blocking out asynchronous * qdisc access in the packet processing paths. * * It is only legal to do this when the root will not change * on us. Otherwise we'll potentially lock the wrong qdisc * root. This is enforced by holding the RTNL semaphore, which * all users of this lock accessor must do. */ static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline seqcount_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_running(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return &root->running; } static inline struct net_device *qdisc_dev(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->dev; } static inline void sch_tree_lock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } static inline void sch_tree_unlock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } extern struct Qdisc noop_qdisc; extern struct Qdisc_ops noop_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops pfifo_fast_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops mq_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops noqueue_qdisc_ops; extern const struct Qdisc_ops *default_qdisc_ops; static inline const struct Qdisc_ops * get_default_qdisc_ops(const struct net_device *dev, int ntx) { return ntx < dev->real_num_tx_queues ? default_qdisc_ops : &pfifo_fast_ops; } struct Qdisc_class_common { u32 classid; struct hlist_node hnode; }; struct Qdisc_class_hash { struct hlist_head *hash; unsigned int hashsize; unsigned int hashmask; unsigned int hashelems; }; static inline unsigned int qdisc_class_hash(u32 id, u32 mask) { id ^= id >> 8; id ^= id >> 4; return id & mask; } static inline struct Qdisc_class_common * qdisc_class_find(const struct Qdisc_class_hash *hash, u32 id) { struct Qdisc_class_common *cl; unsigned int h; if (!id) return NULL; h = qdisc_class_hash(id, hash->hashmask); hlist_for_each_entry(cl, &hash->hash[h], hnode) { if (cl->classid == id) return cl; } return NULL; } static inline int tc_classid_to_hwtc(struct net_device *dev, u32 classid) { u32 hwtc = TC_H_MIN(classid) - TC_H_MIN_PRIORITY; return (hwtc < netdev_get_num_tc(dev)) ? hwtc : -EINVAL; } int qdisc_class_hash_init(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_insert(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_remove(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_grow(struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_destroy(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); int dev_qdisc_change_tx_queue_len(struct net_device *dev); void dev_init_scheduler(struct net_device *dev); void dev_shutdown(struct net_device *dev); void dev_activate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate_many(struct list_head *head); struct Qdisc *dev_graft_qdisc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_reset(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put_unlocked(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(struct Qdisc *qdisc, int n, int len); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data); void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); #else static inline int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data) { q->flags &= ~TCQ_F_OFFLOADED; return 0; } static inline void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { } #endif struct Qdisc *qdisc_alloc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void qdisc_free(struct Qdisc *qdisc); struct Qdisc *qdisc_create_dflt(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, u32 parentid, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct qdisc_size_table *stab); int skb_do_redirect(struct sk_buff *); static inline bool skb_at_tc_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return skb->tc_at_ingress; #else return false; #endif } static inline bool skb_skip_tc_classify(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT if (skb->tc_skip_classify) { skb->tc_skip_classify = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } /* Reset all TX qdiscs greater than index of a device. */ static inline void qdisc_reset_all_tx_gt(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int i) { struct Qdisc *qdisc; for (; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { qdisc = rtnl_dereference(netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i)->qdisc); if (qdisc) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); qdisc_reset(qdisc); spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); } } } /* Are all TX queues of the device empty? */ static inline bool qdisc_all_tx_empty(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); const struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference(txq->qdisc); if (!qdisc_is_empty(q)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return true; } /* Are any of the TX qdiscs changing? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_changing(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != txq->qdisc_sleeping) return true; } return false; } /* Is the device using the noop qdisc on all queues? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_is_noop(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != &noop_qdisc) return false; } return true; } static inline unsigned int qdisc_pkt_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->pkt_len; } /* additional qdisc xmit flags (NET_XMIT_MASK in linux/netdevice.h) */ enum net_xmit_qdisc_t { __NET_XMIT_STOLEN = 0x00010000, __NET_XMIT_BYPASS = 0x00020000, }; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) ((e) & __NET_XMIT_STOLEN ? 0 : 1) #else #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) (1) #endif static inline void qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct Qdisc *sch) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED struct qdisc_size_table *stab = rcu_dereference_bh(sch->stab); if (stab) __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, stab); #endif } static inline int qdisc_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, sch); return sch->enqueue(skb, sch, to_free); } static inline void _bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { bstats->bytes += bytes; bstats->packets += packets; } static inline void bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { _bstats_update(bstats, qdisc_pkt_len(skb), skb_is_gso(skb) ? skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs : 1); } static inline void _bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); _bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, bytes, packets); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, skb); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(sch->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_update(&sch->bstats, skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog -= qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_sub(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog += qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_dec(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_requeues_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->requeues); } static inline void __qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch, int count) { sch->qstats.drops += count; } static inline void qstats_drop_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->drops++; } static inline void qstats_overlimit_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->overlimits++; } static inline void qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { qstats_drop_inc(&sch->qstats); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->drops); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_overlimit(struct Qdisc *sch) { sch->qstats.overlimits++; } static inline int qdisc_qstats_copy(struct gnet_dump *d, struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); return gnet_stats_copy_queue(d, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch, __u32 *qlen, __u32 *backlog) { struct gnet_stats_queue qstats = { 0 }; __u32 len = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); __gnet_stats_copy_queue(&qstats, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, len); *qlen = qstats.qlen; *backlog = qstats.backlog; } static inline void qdisc_tree_flush_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_purge_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_reset(sch); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_skb_head_init(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *last = qh->tail; if (last) { skb->next = NULL; last->next = skb; qh->tail = skb; } else { qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; } qh->qlen++; } static inline int qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, &sch->q); qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); return NET_XMIT_SUCCESS; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_head(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { skb->next = qh->head; if (!qh->head) qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; qh->qlen++; } static inline struct sk_buff *__qdisc_dequeue_head(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *skb = qh->head; if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qh->head = skb->next; qh->qlen--; if (qh->head == NULL) qh->tail = NULL; skb->next = NULL; } return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(&sch->q); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); } return skb; } /* Instead of calling kfree_skb() while root qdisc lock is held, * queue the skb for future freeing at end of __dev_xmit_skb() */ static inline void __qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline void __qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { if (skb->prev) skb->prev->next = *to_free; else skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline unsigned int __qdisc_queue_drop_head(struct Qdisc *sch, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh, struct sk_buff **to_free) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(qh); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { unsigned int len = qdisc_pkt_len(skb); qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); return len; } return 0; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { const struct qdisc_skb_head *qh = &sch->q; return qh->head; } /* generic pseudo peek method for non-work-conserving qdisc */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_dequeued(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); /* we can reuse ->gso_skb because peek isn't called for root qdiscs */ if (!skb) { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); if (skb) { __skb_queue_head(&sch->gso_skb, skb); /* it's still part of the queue */ qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen++; } } return skb; } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_enqueue(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned int pkt_len) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(sch); this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, pkt_len); } else { sch->qstats.backlog += pkt_len; sch->q.qlen++; } } /* use instead of qdisc->dequeue() for all qdiscs queried with ->peek() */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_peeked(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); if (skb) { skb = __skb_dequeue(&sch->gso_skb); if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } else { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); } return skb; } static inline void __qdisc_reset_queue(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { /* * We do not know the backlog in bytes of this list, it * is up to the caller to correct it */ ASSERT_RTNL(); if (qh->qlen) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(qh->head, qh->tail); qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } } static inline void qdisc_reset_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_reset_queue(&sch->q); sch->qstats.backlog = 0; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_replace(struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc **pold) { struct Qdisc *old; sch_tree_lock(sch); old = *pold; *pold = new; if (old != NULL) qdisc_purge_queue(old); sch_tree_unlock(sch); return old; } static inline void rtnl_qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(skb, skb); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); } static inline int qdisc_drop_cpu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop_all(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } /* Length to Time (L2T) lookup in a qdisc_rate_table, to determine how long it will take to send a packet given its size. */ static inline u32 qdisc_l2t(struct qdisc_rate_table* rtab, unsigned int pktlen) { int slot = pktlen + rtab->rate.cell_align + rtab->rate.overhead; if (slot < 0) slot = 0; slot >>= rtab->rate.cell_log; if (slot > 255) return rtab->data[255]*(slot >> 8) + rtab->data[slot & 0xFF]; return rtab->data[slot]; } struct psched_ratecfg { u64 rate_bytes_ps; /* bytes per second */ u32 mult; u16 overhead; u8 linklayer; u8 shift; }; static inline u64 psched_l2t_ns(const struct psched_ratecfg *r, unsigned int len) { len += r->overhead; if (unlikely(r->linklayer == TC_LINKLAYER_ATM)) return ((u64)(DIV_ROUND_UP(len,48)*53) * r->mult) >> r->shift; return ((u64)len * r->mult) >> r->shift; } void psched_ratecfg_precompute(struct psched_ratecfg *r, const struct tc_ratespec *conf, u64 rate64); static inline void psched_ratecfg_getrate(struct tc_ratespec *res, const struct psched_ratecfg *r) { memset(res, 0, sizeof(*res)); /* legacy struct tc_ratespec has a 32bit @rate field * Qdisc using 64bit rate should add new attributes * in order to maintain compatibility. */ res->rate = min_t(u64, r->rate_bytes_ps, ~0U); res->overhead = r->overhead; res->linklayer = (r->linklayer & TC_LINKLAYER_MASK); } /* Mini Qdisc serves for specific needs of ingress/clsact Qdisc. * The fast path only needs to access filter list and to update stats */ struct mini_Qdisc { struct tcf_proto *filter_list; struct tcf_block *block; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline void mini_qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(miniq->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void mini_qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq) { this_cpu_inc(miniq->cpu_qstats->drops); } struct mini_Qdisc_pair { struct mini_Qdisc miniq1; struct mini_Qdisc miniq2; struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq; }; void mini_qdisc_pair_swap(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_proto *tp_head); void mini_qdisc_pair_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct Qdisc *qdisc, struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq); void mini_qdisc_pair_block_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_block *block); static inline int skb_tc_reinsert(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_result *res) { return res->ingress ? netif_receive_skb(skb) : dev_queue_xmit(skb); } #endif
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The stable lock order is slave pty, then * master. */ enum { TTY_LOCK_NORMAL = 0, TTY_LOCK_SLAVE, }; /* * (Note: the *_driver.minor_start values 1, 64, 128, 192 are * hardcoded at present.) */ #define NR_UNIX98_PTY_DEFAULT 4096 /* Default maximum for Unix98 ptys */ #define NR_UNIX98_PTY_RESERVE 1024 /* Default reserve for main devpts */ #define NR_UNIX98_PTY_MAX (1 << MINORBITS) /* Absolute limit */ /* * This character is the same as _POSIX_VDISABLE: it cannot be used as * a c_cc[] character, but indicates that a particular special character * isn't in use (eg VINTR has no character etc) */ #define __DISABLED_CHAR '\0' struct tty_buffer { union { struct tty_buffer *next; struct llist_node free; }; int used; int size; int commit; int read; int flags; /* Data points here */ unsigned long data[]; }; /* Values for .flags field of tty_buffer */ #define TTYB_NORMAL 1 /* buffer has no flags buffer */ static inline unsigned char *char_buf_ptr(struct tty_buffer *b, int ofs) { return ((unsigned char *)b->data) + ofs; } static inline char *flag_buf_ptr(struct tty_buffer *b, int ofs) { return (char *)char_buf_ptr(b, ofs) + b->size; } struct tty_bufhead { struct tty_buffer *head; /* Queue head */ struct work_struct work; struct mutex lock; atomic_t priority; struct tty_buffer sentinel; struct llist_head free; /* Free queue head */ atomic_t mem_used; /* In-use buffers excluding free list */ int mem_limit; struct tty_buffer *tail; /* Active buffer */ }; /* * When a break, frame error, or parity error happens, these codes are * stuffed into the flags buffer. */ #define TTY_NORMAL 0 #define TTY_BREAK 1 #define TTY_FRAME 2 #define TTY_PARITY 3 #define TTY_OVERRUN 4 #define INTR_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VINTR]) #define QUIT_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VQUIT]) #define ERASE_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VERASE]) #define KILL_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VKILL]) #define EOF_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VEOF]) #define TIME_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VTIME]) #define MIN_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VMIN]) #define SWTC_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSWTC]) #define START_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSTART]) #define STOP_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSTOP]) #define SUSP_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSUSP]) #define EOL_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VEOL]) #define REPRINT_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VREPRINT]) #define DISCARD_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VDISCARD]) #define WERASE_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VWERASE]) #define LNEXT_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VLNEXT]) #define EOL2_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VEOL2]) #define _I_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_iflag & (f)) #define _O_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_oflag & (f)) #define _C_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_cflag & (f)) #define _L_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_lflag & (f)) #define I_IGNBRK(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IGNBRK) #define I_BRKINT(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), BRKINT) #define I_IGNPAR(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IGNPAR) #define I_PARMRK(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), PARMRK) #define I_INPCK(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), INPCK) #define I_ISTRIP(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), ISTRIP) #define I_INLCR(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), INLCR) #define I_IGNCR(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IGNCR) #define I_ICRNL(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), ICRNL) #define I_IUCLC(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IUCLC) #define I_IXON(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IXON) #define I_IXANY(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IXANY) #define I_IXOFF(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IXOFF) #define I_IMAXBEL(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IMAXBEL) #define I_IUTF8(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IUTF8) #define O_OPOST(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OPOST) #define O_OLCUC(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OLCUC) #define O_ONLCR(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), ONLCR) #define O_OCRNL(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OCRNL) #define O_ONOCR(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), ONOCR) #define O_ONLRET(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), ONLRET) #define O_OFILL(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OFILL) #define O_OFDEL(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OFDEL) #define O_NLDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), NLDLY) #define O_CRDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), CRDLY) #define O_TABDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), TABDLY) #define O_BSDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), BSDLY) #define O_VTDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), VTDLY) #define O_FFDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), FFDLY) #define C_BAUD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CBAUD) #define C_CSIZE(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CSIZE) #define C_CSTOPB(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CSTOPB) #define C_CREAD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CREAD) #define C_PARENB(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), PARENB) #define C_PARODD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), PARODD) #define C_HUPCL(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), HUPCL) #define C_CLOCAL(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CLOCAL) #define C_CIBAUD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CIBAUD) #define C_CRTSCTS(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CRTSCTS) #define C_CMSPAR(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CMSPAR) #define L_ISIG(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ISIG) #define L_ICANON(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ICANON) #define L_XCASE(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), XCASE) #define L_ECHO(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHO) #define L_ECHOE(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOE) #define L_ECHOK(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOK) #define L_ECHONL(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHONL) #define L_NOFLSH(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), NOFLSH) #define L_TOSTOP(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), TOSTOP) #define L_ECHOCTL(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOCTL) #define L_ECHOPRT(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOPRT) #define L_ECHOKE(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOKE) #define L_FLUSHO(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), FLUSHO) #define L_PENDIN(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), PENDIN) #define L_IEXTEN(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), IEXTEN) #define L_EXTPROC(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), EXTPROC) struct device; struct signal_struct; /* * Port level information. Each device keeps its own port level information * so provide a common structure for those ports wanting to use common support * routines. * * The tty port has a different lifetime to the tty so must be kept apart. * In addition be careful as tty -> port mappings are valid for the life * of the tty object but in many cases port -> tty mappings are valid only * until a hangup so don't use the wrong path. */ struct tty_port; struct tty_port_operations { /* Return 1 if the carrier is raised */ int (*carrier_raised)(struct tty_port *port); /* Control the DTR line */ void (*dtr_rts)(struct tty_port *port, int raise); /* Called when the last close completes or a hangup finishes IFF the port was initialized. Do not use to free resources. Called under the port mutex to serialize against activate/shutdowns */ void (*shutdown)(struct tty_port *port); /* Called under the port mutex from tty_port_open, serialized using the port mutex */ /* FIXME: long term getting the tty argument *out* of this would be good for consoles */ int (*activate)(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty); /* Called on the final put of a port */ void (*destruct)(struct tty_port *port); }; struct tty_port_client_operations { int (*receive_buf)(struct tty_port *port, const unsigned char *, const unsigned char *, size_t); void (*write_wakeup)(struct tty_port *port); }; extern const struct tty_port_client_operations tty_port_default_client_ops; struct tty_port { struct tty_bufhead buf; /* Locked internally */ struct tty_struct *tty; /* Back pointer */ struct tty_struct *itty; /* internal back ptr */ const struct tty_port_operations *ops; /* Port operations */ const struct tty_port_client_operations *client_ops; /* Port client operations */ spinlock_t lock; /* Lock protecting tty field */ int blocked_open; /* Waiting to open */ int count; /* Usage count */ wait_queue_head_t open_wait; /* Open waiters */ wait_queue_head_t delta_msr_wait; /* Modem status change */ unsigned long flags; /* User TTY flags ASYNC_ */ unsigned long iflags; /* Internal flags TTY_PORT_ */ unsigned char console:1, /* port is a console */ low_latency:1; /* optional: tune for latency */ struct mutex mutex; /* Locking */ struct mutex buf_mutex; /* Buffer alloc lock */ unsigned char *xmit_buf; /* Optional buffer */ unsigned int close_delay; /* Close port delay */ unsigned int closing_wait; /* Delay for output */ int drain_delay; /* Set to zero if no pure time based drain is needed else set to size of fifo */ struct kref kref; /* Ref counter */ void *client_data; }; /* tty_port::iflags bits -- use atomic bit ops */ #define TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED 0 /* device is initialized */ #define TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED 1 /* device is suspended */ #define TTY_PORT_ACTIVE 2 /* device is open */ /* * uart drivers: use the uart_port::status field and the UPSTAT_* defines * for s/w-based flow control steering and carrier detection status */ #define TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW 3 /* h/w flow control enabled */ #define TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD 4 /* carrier detect enabled */ #define TTY_PORT_KOPENED 5 /* device exclusively opened by kernel */ /* * Where all of the state associated with a tty is kept while the tty * is open. Since the termios state should be kept even if the tty * has been closed --- for things like the baud rate, etc --- it is * not stored here, but rather a pointer to the real state is stored * here. Possible the winsize structure should have the same * treatment, but (1) the default 80x24 is usually right and (2) it's * most often used by a windowing system, which will set the correct * size each time the window is created or resized anyway. * - TYT, 9/14/92 */ struct tty_operations; struct tty_struct { int magic; struct kref kref; struct device *dev; struct tty_driver *driver; const struct tty_operations *ops; int index; /* Protects ldisc changes: Lock tty not pty */ struct ld_semaphore ldisc_sem; struct tty_ldisc *ldisc; struct mutex atomic_write_lock; struct mutex legacy_mutex; struct mutex throttle_mutex; struct rw_semaphore termios_rwsem; struct mutex winsize_mutex; spinlock_t ctrl_lock; spinlock_t flow_lock; /* Termios values are protected by the termios rwsem */ struct ktermios termios, termios_locked; char name[64]; struct pid *pgrp; /* Protected by ctrl lock */ /* * Writes protected by both ctrl lock and legacy mutex, readers must use * at least one of them. */ struct pid *session; unsigned long flags; int count; struct winsize winsize; /* winsize_mutex */ unsigned long stopped:1, /* flow_lock */ flow_stopped:1, unused:BITS_PER_LONG - 2; int hw_stopped; unsigned long ctrl_status:8, /* ctrl_lock */ packet:1, unused_ctrl:BITS_PER_LONG - 9; unsigned int receive_room; /* Bytes free for queue */ int flow_change; struct tty_struct *link; struct fasync_struct *fasync; wait_queue_head_t write_wait; wait_queue_head_t read_wait; struct work_struct hangup_work; void *disc_data; void *driver_data; spinlock_t files_lock; /* protects tty_files list */ struct list_head tty_files; #define N_TTY_BUF_SIZE 4096 int closing; unsigned char *write_buf; int write_cnt; /* If the tty has a pending do_SAK, queue it here - akpm */ struct work_struct SAK_work; struct tty_port *port; } __randomize_layout; /* Each of a tty's open files has private_data pointing to tty_file_private */ struct tty_file_private { struct tty_struct *tty; struct file *file; struct list_head list; }; /* tty magic number */ #define TTY_MAGIC 0x5401 /* * These bits are used in the flags field of the tty structure. * * So that interrupts won't be able to mess up the queues, * copy_to_cooked must be atomic with respect to itself, as must * tty->write. Thus, you must use the inline functions set_bit() and * clear_bit() to make things atomic. */ #define TTY_THROTTLED 0 /* Call unthrottle() at threshold min */ #define TTY_IO_ERROR 1 /* Cause an I/O error (may be no ldisc too) */ #define TTY_OTHER_CLOSED 2 /* Other side (if any) has closed */ #define TTY_EXCLUSIVE 3 /* Exclusive open mode */ #define TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP 5 /* Call write_wakeup after queuing new */ #define TTY_LDISC_OPEN 11 /* Line discipline is open */ #define TTY_PTY_LOCK 16 /* pty private */ #define TTY_NO_WRITE_SPLIT 17 /* Preserve write boundaries to driver */ #define TTY_HUPPED 18 /* Post driver->hangup() */ #define TTY_HUPPING 19 /* Hangup in progress */ #define TTY_LDISC_CHANGING 20 /* Change pending - non-block IO */ #define TTY_LDISC_HALTED 22 /* Line discipline is halted */ /* Values for tty->flow_change */ #define TTY_THROTTLE_SAFE 1 #define TTY_UNTHROTTLE_SAFE 2 static inline void __tty_set_flow_change(struct tty_struct *tty, int val) { tty->flow_change = val; } static inline void tty_set_flow_change(struct tty_struct *tty, int val) { tty->flow_change = val; smp_mb(); } static inline bool tty_io_nonblock(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file) { return file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK || test_bit(TTY_LDISC_CHANGING, &tty->flags); } static inline bool tty_io_error(struct tty_struct *tty) { return test_bit(TTY_IO_ERROR, &tty->flags); } static inline bool tty_throttled(struct tty_struct *tty) { return test_bit(TTY_THROTTLED, &tty->flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_TTY extern void tty_kref_put(struct tty_struct *tty); extern struct pid *tty_get_pgrp(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_vhangup_self(void); extern void disassociate_ctty(int priv); extern dev_t tty_devnum(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void proc_clear_tty(struct task_struct *p); extern struct tty_struct *get_current_tty(void); /* tty_io.c */ extern int __init tty_init(void); extern const char *tty_name(const struct tty_struct *tty); extern struct tty_struct *tty_kopen(dev_t device); extern void tty_kclose(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_dev_name_to_number(const char *name, dev_t *number); extern int tty_ldisc_lock(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned long timeout); extern void tty_ldisc_unlock(struct tty_struct *tty); extern ssize_t redirected_tty_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); #else static inline void tty_kref_put(struct tty_struct *tty) { } static inline struct pid *tty_get_pgrp(struct tty_struct *tty) { return NULL; } static inline void tty_vhangup_self(void) { } static inline void disassociate_ctty(int priv) { } static inline dev_t tty_devnum(struct tty_struct *tty) { return 0; } static inline void proc_clear_tty(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline struct tty_struct *get_current_tty(void) { return NULL; } /* tty_io.c */ static inline int __init tty_init(void) { return 0; } static inline const char *tty_name(const struct tty_struct *tty) { return "(none)"; } static inline struct tty_struct *tty_kopen(dev_t device) { return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); } static inline void tty_kclose(struct tty_struct *tty) { } static inline int tty_dev_name_to_number(const char *name, dev_t *number) { return -ENOTSUPP; } #endif extern struct ktermios tty_std_termios; extern int vcs_init(void); extern struct class *tty_class; /** * tty_kref_get - get a tty reference * @tty: tty device * * Return a new reference to a tty object. The caller must hold * sufficient locks/counts to ensure that their existing reference cannot * go away */ static inline struct tty_struct *tty_kref_get(struct tty_struct *tty) { if (tty) kref_get(&tty->kref); return tty; } extern const char *tty_driver_name(const struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_wait_until_sent(struct tty_struct *tty, long timeout); extern int __tty_check_change(struct tty_struct *tty, int sig); extern int tty_check_change(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void __stop_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void stop_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void __start_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void start_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *driver); extern int tty_unregister_driver(struct tty_driver *driver); extern struct device *tty_register_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *dev); extern struct device *tty_register_device_attr(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **attr_grp); extern void tty_unregister_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index); extern void tty_write_message(struct tty_struct *tty, char *msg); extern int tty_send_xchar(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch); extern int tty_put_char(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned char c); extern int tty_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_driver_flush_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_throttle(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_unthrottle(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_throttle_safe(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_unthrottle_safe(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_do_resize(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize *ws); extern int is_current_pgrp_orphaned(void); extern void tty_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_vhangup(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_vhangup_session(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_hung_up_p(struct file *filp); extern void do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void __do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_open_proc_set_tty(struct file *filp, struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_signal_session_leader(struct tty_struct *tty, int exit_session); extern void session_clear_tty(struct pid *session); extern void no_tty(void); extern void tty_buffer_free_all(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_buffer_flush(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_ldisc *ld); extern void tty_buffer_init(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_buffer_set_lock_subclass(struct tty_port *port); extern bool tty_buffer_restart_work(struct tty_port *port); extern bool tty_buffer_cancel_work(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_buffer_flush_work(struct tty_port *port); extern speed_t tty_termios_baud_rate(struct ktermios *termios); extern speed_t tty_termios_input_baud_rate(struct ktermios *termios); extern void tty_termios_encode_baud_rate(struct ktermios *termios, speed_t ibaud, speed_t obaud); extern void tty_encode_baud_rate(struct tty_struct *tty, speed_t ibaud, speed_t obaud); /** * tty_get_baud_rate - get tty bit rates * @tty: tty to query * * Returns the baud rate as an integer for this terminal. The * termios lock must be held by the caller and the terminal bit * flags may be updated. * * Locking: none */ static inline speed_t tty_get_baud_rate(struct tty_struct *tty) { return tty_termios_baud_rate(&tty->termios); } extern void tty_termios_copy_hw(struct ktermios *new, struct ktermios *old); extern int tty_termios_hw_change(const struct ktermios *a, const struct ktermios *b); extern int tty_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty, struct ktermios *kt); extern struct tty_ldisc *tty_ldisc_ref(struct tty_struct *); extern void tty_ldisc_deref(struct tty_ldisc *); extern struct tty_ldisc *tty_ldisc_ref_wait(struct tty_struct *); extern void tty_ldisc_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty, bool reset); extern int tty_ldisc_reinit(struct tty_struct *tty, int disc); extern const struct seq_operations tty_ldiscs_seq_ops; extern void tty_wakeup(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_ldisc_flush(struct tty_struct *tty); extern long tty_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern int tty_mode_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern long tty_jobctrl_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern int tty_perform_flush(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned long arg); extern void tty_default_fops(struct file_operations *fops); extern struct tty_struct *alloc_tty_struct(struct tty_driver *driver, int idx); extern int tty_alloc_file(struct file *file); extern void tty_add_file(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file); extern void tty_free_file(struct file *file); extern struct tty_struct *tty_init_dev(struct tty_driver *driver, int idx); extern void tty_release_struct(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx); extern int tty_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); extern void tty_init_termios(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_save_termios(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_standard_install(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty); extern struct mutex tty_mutex; #define tty_is_writelocked(tty) (mutex_is_locked(&tty->atomic_write_lock)) extern void tty_port_init(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_link_device(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device_attr(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **attr_grp); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device_serdev(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device_attr_serdev(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **attr_grp); extern void tty_port_unregister_device(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index); extern int tty_port_alloc_xmit_buf(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_free_xmit_buf(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_destroy(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_put(struct tty_port *port); static inline struct tty_port *tty_port_get(struct tty_port *port) { if (port && kref_get_unless_zero(&port->kref)) return port; return NULL; } /* If the cts flow control is enabled, return true. */ static inline bool tty_port_cts_enabled(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_cts_flow(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_active(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_ACTIVE, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_active(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_ACTIVE, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_ACTIVE, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_check_carrier(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_check_carrier(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_suspended(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_suspended(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_initialized(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_initialized(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_kopened(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_KOPENED, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_kopened(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_KOPENED, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_KOPENED, &port->iflags); } extern struct tty_struct *tty_port_tty_get(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_tty_set(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_port_carrier_raised(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_raise_dtr_rts(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_lower_dtr_rts(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_hangup(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_tty_hangup(struct tty_port *port, bool check_clocal); extern void tty_port_tty_wakeup(struct tty_port *port); extern int tty_port_block_til_ready(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); extern int tty_port_close_start(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); extern void tty_port_close_end(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_port_close(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); extern int tty_port_install(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_port_open(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); static inline int tty_port_users(struct tty_port *port) { return port->count + port->blocked_open; } extern int tty_register_ldisc(int disc, struct tty_ldisc_ops *new_ldisc); extern int tty_unregister_ldisc(int disc); extern int tty_set_ldisc(struct tty_struct *tty, int disc); extern int tty_ldisc_setup(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *o_tty); extern void tty_ldisc_release(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int __must_check tty_ldisc_init(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_ldisc_deinit(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_ldisc_receive_buf(struct tty_ldisc *ld, const unsigned char *p, char *f, int count); /* n_tty.c */ extern void n_tty_inherit_ops(struct tty_ldisc_ops *ops); #ifdef CONFIG_TTY extern void __init n_tty_init(void); #else static inline void n_tty_init(void) { } #endif /* tty_audit.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT extern void tty_audit_add_data(struct tty_struct *tty, const void *data, size_t size); extern void tty_audit_exit(void); extern void tty_audit_fork(struct signal_struct *sig); extern void tty_audit_tiocsti(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch); extern int tty_audit_push(void); #else static inline void tty_audit_add_data(struct tty_struct *tty, const void *data, size_t size) { } static inline void tty_audit_tiocsti(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch) { } static inline void tty_audit_exit(void) { } static inline void tty_audit_fork(struct signal_struct *sig) { } static inline int tty_audit_push(void) { return 0; } #endif /* tty_ioctl.c */ extern int n_tty_ioctl_helper(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); /* vt.c */ extern int vt_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern long vt_compat_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); /* tty_mutex.c */ /* functions for preparation of BKL removal */ extern void tty_lock(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_lock_interruptible(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_unlock(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_lock_slave(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_unlock_slave(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_set_lock_subclass(struct tty_struct *tty); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS extern void proc_tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *); extern void proc_tty_unregister_driver(struct tty_driver *); #else static inline void proc_tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *d) {} static inline void proc_tty_unregister_driver(struct tty_driver *d) {} #endif #define tty_msg(fn, tty, f, ...) \ fn("%s %s: " f, tty_driver_name(tty), tty_name(tty), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_debug(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_debug, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_info(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_info, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_notice(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_notice, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_warn(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_warn, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_err(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_err, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_info_ratelimited(tty, f, ...) \ tty_msg(pr_info_ratelimited, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/log2.h> /** * get_order - Determine the allocation order of a memory size * @size: The size for which to get the order * * Determine the allocation order of a particular sized block of memory. This * is on a logarithmic scale, where: * * 0 -> 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE and below * 1 -> 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 2 -> 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 3 -> 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 4 -> 2^4 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * ... * * The order returned is used to find the smallest allocation granule required * to hold an object of the specified size. * * The result is undefined if the size is 0. */ static inline __attribute_const__ int get_order(unsigned long size) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (!size) return BITS_PER_LONG - PAGE_SHIFT; if (size < (1UL << PAGE_SHIFT)) return 0; return ilog2((size) - 1) - PAGE_SHIFT + 1; } size--; size >>= PAGE_SHIFT; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 return fls(size); #else return fls64(size); #endif } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The * compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of * READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE, but only when the compiler is aware of some * particular ordering. One way to make the compiler aware of ordering is to * put the two invocations of READ_ONCE or WRITE_ONCE in different C * statements. * * These two macros will also work on aggregate data types like structs or * unions. * * Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between * process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU, * and (2) Ensuring that the compiler does not fold, spindle, or otherwise * mutilate accesses that either do not require ordering or that interact * with an explicit memory barrier or atomic instruction that provides the * required ordering. */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler_types.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> /* * Yes, this permits 64-bit accesses on 32-bit architectures. These will * actually be atomic in some cases (namely Armv7 + LPAE), but for others we * rely on the access being split into 2x32-bit accesses for a 32-bit quantity * (e.g. a virtual address) and a strong prevailing wind. */ #define compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(t) \ compiletime_assert(__native_word(t) || sizeof(t) == sizeof(long long), \ "Unsupported access size for {READ,WRITE}_ONCE().") /* * Use __READ_ONCE() instead of READ_ONCE() if you do not require any * atomicity. Note that this may result in tears! */ #ifndef __READ_ONCE #define __READ_ONCE(x) (*(const volatile __unqual_scalar_typeof(x) *)&(x)) #endif #define READ_ONCE(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __READ_ONCE(x); \ }) #define __WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ *(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x) = (val); \ } while (0) #define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __WRITE_ONCE(x, val); \ } while (0) static __no_sanitize_or_inline unsigned long __read_once_word_nocheck(const void *addr) { return __READ_ONCE(*(unsigned long *)addr); } /* * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need to load a * word from memory atomically but without telling KASAN/KCSAN. This is * usually used by unwinding code when walking the stack of a running process. */ #define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert(sizeof(x) == sizeof(unsigned long), \ "Unsupported access size for READ_ONCE_NOCHECK()."); \ (typeof(x))__read_once_word_nocheck(&(x)); \ }) static __no_kasan_or_inline unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr) { kasan_check_read(addr, 1); return *(unsigned long *)addr; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM percpu #if !defined(_TRACE_PERCPU_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PERCPU_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(percpu_alloc_percpu, TP_PROTO(bool reserved, bool is_atomic, size_t size, size_t align, void *base_addr, int off, void __percpu *ptr), TP_ARGS(reserved, is_atomic, size, align, base_addr, off, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( bool, reserved ) __field( bool, is_atomic ) __field( size_t, size ) __field( size_t, align ) __field( void *, base_addr ) __field( int, off ) __field( void __percpu *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->reserved = reserved; __entry->is_atomic = is_atomic; __entry->size = size; __entry->align = align; __entry->base_addr = base_addr; __entry->off = off; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("reserved=%d is_atomic=%d size=%zu align=%zu base_addr=%p off=%d ptr=%p", __entry->reserved, __entry->is_atomic, __entry->size, __entry->align, __entry->base_addr, __entry->off, __entry->ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_free_percpu, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr, int off, void __percpu *ptr), TP_ARGS(base_addr, off, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) __field( int, off ) __field( void __percpu *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; __entry->off = off; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p off=%d ptr=%p", __entry->base_addr, __entry->off, __entry->ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_alloc_percpu_fail, TP_PROTO(bool reserved, bool is_atomic, size_t size, size_t align), TP_ARGS(reserved, is_atomic, size, align), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( bool, reserved ) __field( bool, is_atomic ) __field( size_t, size ) __field( size_t, align ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->reserved = reserved; __entry->is_atomic = is_atomic; __entry->size = size; __entry->align = align; ), TP_printk("reserved=%d is_atomic=%d size=%zu align=%zu", __entry->reserved, __entry->is_atomic, __entry->size, __entry->align) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_create_chunk, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr), TP_ARGS(base_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p", __entry->base_addr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_destroy_chunk, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr), TP_ARGS(base_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p", __entry->base_addr) ); #endif /* _TRACE_PERCPU_H */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/kernel/exit.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched/autogroup.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/stat.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/iocontext.h> #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/acct.h> #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/profile.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/taskstats_kern.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/cn_proc.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/pipe_fs_i.h> #include <linux/audit.h> /* for audit_free() */ #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/tracehook.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <trace/events/sched.h> #include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/rcuwait.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/io_uring.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> static void __unhash_process(struct task_struct *p, bool group_dead) { nr_threads--; detach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID); if (group_dead) { detach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID); detach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID); detach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID); list_del_rcu(&p->tasks); list_del_init(&p->sibling); __this_cpu_dec(process_counts); } list_del_rcu(&p->thread_group); list_del_rcu(&p->thread_node); } /* * This function expects the tasklist_lock write-locked. */ static void __exit_signal(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct signal_struct *sig = tsk->signal; bool group_dead = thread_group_leader(tsk); struct sighand_struct *sighand; struct tty_struct *tty; u64 utime, stime; sighand = rcu_dereference_check(tsk->sighand, lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held()); spin_lock(&sighand->siglock); #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS posix_cpu_timers_exit(tsk); if (group_dead) posix_cpu_timers_exit_group(tsk); #endif if (group_dead) { tty = sig->tty; sig->tty = NULL; } else { /* * If there is any task waiting for the group exit * then notify it: */ if (sig->notify_count > 0 && !--sig->notify_count) wake_up_process(sig->group_exit_task); if (tsk == sig->curr_target) sig->curr_target = next_thread(tsk); } add_device_randomness((const void*) &tsk->se.sum_exec_runtime, sizeof(unsigned long long)); /* * Accumulate here the counters for all threads as they die. We could * skip the group leader because it is the last user of signal_struct, * but we want to avoid the race with thread_group_cputime() which can * see the empty ->thread_head list. */ task_cputime(tsk, &utime, &stime); write_seqlock(&sig->stats_lock); sig->utime += utime; sig->stime += stime; sig->gtime += task_gtime(tsk); sig->min_flt += tsk->min_flt; sig->maj_flt += tsk->maj_flt; sig->nvcsw += tsk->nvcsw; sig->nivcsw += tsk->nivcsw; sig->inblock += task_io_get_inblock(tsk); sig->oublock += task_io_get_oublock(tsk); task_io_accounting_add(&sig->ioac, &tsk->ioac); sig->sum_sched_runtime += tsk->se.sum_exec_runtime; sig->nr_threads--; __unhash_process(tsk, group_dead); write_sequnlock(&sig->stats_lock); /* * Do this under ->siglock, we can race with another thread * doing sigqueue_free() if we have SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC signals. */ flush_sigqueue(&tsk->pending); tsk->sighand = NULL; spin_unlock(&sighand->siglock); __cleanup_sighand(sighand); clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SIGPENDING); if (group_dead) { flush_sigqueue(&sig->shared_pending); tty_kref_put(tty); } } static void delayed_put_task_struct(struct rcu_head *rhp) { struct task_struct *tsk = container_of(rhp, struct task_struct, rcu); perf_event_delayed_put(tsk); trace_sched_process_free(tsk); put_task_struct(tsk); } void put_task_struct_rcu_user(struct task_struct *task) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&task->rcu_users)) call_rcu(&task->rcu, delayed_put_task_struct); } void release_task(struct task_struct *p) { struct task_struct *leader; struct pid *thread_pid; int zap_leader; repeat: /* don't need to get the RCU readlock here - the process is dead and * can't be modifying its own credentials. But shut RCU-lockdep up */ rcu_read_lock(); atomic_dec(&__task_cred(p)->user->processes); rcu_read_unlock(); cgroup_release(p); write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); ptrace_release_task(p); thread_pid = get_pid(p->thread_pid); __exit_signal(p); /* * If we are the last non-leader member of the thread * group, and the leader is zombie, then notify the * group leader's parent process. (if it wants notification.) */ zap_leader = 0; leader = p->group_leader; if (leader != p && thread_group_empty(leader) && leader->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE) { /* * If we were the last child thread and the leader has * exited already, and the leader's parent ignores SIGCHLD, * then we are the one who should release the leader. */ zap_leader = do_notify_parent(leader, leader->exit_signal); if (zap_leader) leader->exit_state = EXIT_DEAD; } write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); seccomp_filter_release(p); proc_flush_pid(thread_pid); put_pid(thread_pid); release_thread(p); put_task_struct_rcu_user(p); p = leader; if (unlikely(zap_leader)) goto repeat; } int rcuwait_wake_up(struct rcuwait *w) { int ret = 0; struct task_struct *task; rcu_read_lock(); /* * Order condition vs @task, such that everything prior to the load * of @task is visible. This is the condition as to why the user called * rcuwait_wake() in the first place. Pairs with set_current_state() * barrier (A) in rcuwait_wait_event(). * * WAIT WAKE * [S] tsk = current [S] cond = true * MB (A) MB (B) * [L] cond [L] tsk */ smp_mb(); /* (B) */ task = rcu_dereference(w->task); if (task) ret = wake_up_process(task); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcuwait_wake_up); /* * Determine if a process group is "orphaned", according to the POSIX * definition in 2.2.2.52. Orphaned process groups are not to be affected * by terminal-generated stop signals. Newly orphaned process groups are * to receive a SIGHUP and a SIGCONT. * * "I ask you, have you ever known what it is to be an orphan?" */ static int will_become_orphaned_pgrp(struct pid *pgrp, struct task_struct *ignored_task) { struct task_struct *p; do_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p) { if ((p == ignored_task) || (p->exit_state && thread_group_empty(p)) || is_global_init(p->real_parent)) continue; if (task_pgrp(p->real_parent) != pgrp && task_session(p->real_parent) == task_session(p)) return 0; } while_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p); return 1; } int is_current_pgrp_orphaned(void) { int retval; read_lock(&tasklist_lock); retval = will_become_orphaned_pgrp(task_pgrp(current), NULL); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); return retval; } static bool has_stopped_jobs(struct pid *pgrp) { struct task_struct *p; do_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p) { if (p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED) return true; } while_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p); return false; } /* * Check to see if any process groups have become orphaned as * a result of our exiting, and if they have any stopped jobs, * send them a SIGHUP and then a SIGCONT. (POSIX 3.2.2.2) */ static void kill_orphaned_pgrp(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_struct *parent) { struct pid *pgrp = task_pgrp(tsk); struct task_struct *ignored_task = tsk; if (!parent) /* exit: our father is in a different pgrp than * we are and we were the only connection outside. */ parent = tsk->real_parent; else /* reparent: our child is in a different pgrp than * we are, and it was the only connection outside. */ ignored_task = NULL; if (task_pgrp(parent) != pgrp && task_session(parent) == task_session(tsk) && will_become_orphaned_pgrp(pgrp, ignored_task) && has_stopped_jobs(pgrp)) { __kill_pgrp_info(SIGHUP, SEND_SIG_PRIV, pgrp); __kill_pgrp_info(SIGCONT, SEND_SIG_PRIV, pgrp); } } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * A task is exiting. If it owned this mm, find a new owner for the mm. */ void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct task_struct *c, *g, *p = current; retry: /* * If the exiting or execing task is not the owner, it's * someone else's problem. */ if (mm->owner != p) return; /* * The current owner is exiting/execing and there are no other * candidates. Do not leave the mm pointing to a possibly * freed task structure. */ if (atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) <= 1) { WRITE_ONCE(mm->owner, NULL); return; } read_lock(&tasklist_lock); /* * Search in the children */ list_for_each_entry(c, &p->children, sibling) { if (c->mm == mm) goto assign_new_owner; } /* * Search in the siblings */ list_for_each_entry(c, &p->real_parent->children, sibling) { if (c->mm == mm) goto assign_new_owner; } /* * Search through everything else, we should not get here often. */ for_each_process(g) { if (g->flags & PF_KTHREAD) continue; for_each_thread(g, c) { if (c->mm == mm) goto assign_new_owner; if (c->mm) break; } } read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); /* * We found no owner yet mm_users > 1: this implies that we are * most likely racing with swapoff (try_to_unuse()) or /proc or * ptrace or page migration (get_task_mm()). Mark owner as NULL. */ WRITE_ONCE(mm->owner, NULL); return; assign_new_owner: BUG_ON(c == p); get_task_struct(c); /* * The task_lock protects c->mm from changing. * We always want mm->owner->mm == mm */ task_lock(c); /* * Delay read_unlock() till we have the task_lock() * to ensure that c does not slip away underneath us */ read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); if (c->mm != mm) { task_unlock(c); put_task_struct(c); goto retry; } WRITE_ONCE(mm->owner, c); task_unlock(c); put_task_struct(c); } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ /* * Turn us into a lazy TLB process if we * aren't already.. */ static void exit_mm(void) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct core_state *core_state; exit_mm_release(current, mm); if (!mm) return; sync_mm_rss(mm); /* * Serialize with any possible pending coredump. * We must hold mmap_lock around checking core_state * and clearing tsk->mm. The core-inducing thread * will increment ->nr_threads for each thread in the * group with ->mm != NULL. */ mmap_read_lock(mm); core_state = mm->core_state; if (core_state) { struct core_thread self; mmap_read_unlock(mm); self.task = current; if (self.task->flags & PF_SIGNALED) self.next = xchg(&core_state->dumper.next, &self); else self.task = NULL; /* * Implies mb(), the result of xchg() must be visible * to core_state->dumper. */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&core_state->nr_threads)) complete(&core_state->startup); for (;;) { set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); if (!self.task) /* see coredump_finish() */ break; freezable_schedule(); } __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); mmap_read_lock(mm); } mmgrab(mm); BUG_ON(mm != current->active_mm); /* more a memory barrier than a real lock */ task_lock(current); current->mm = NULL; mmap_read_unlock(mm); enter_lazy_tlb(mm, current); task_unlock(current); mm_update_next_owner(mm); mmput(mm); if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE)) exit_oom_victim(); } static struct task_struct *find_alive_thread(struct task_struct *p) { struct task_struct *t; for_each_thread(p, t) { if (!(t->flags & PF_EXITING)) return t; } return NULL; } static struct task_struct *find_child_reaper(struct task_struct *father, struct list_head *dead) __releases(&tasklist_lock) __acquires(&tasklist_lock) { struct pid_namespace *pid_ns = task_active_pid_ns(father); struct task_struct *reaper = pid_ns->child_reaper; struct task_struct *p, *n; if (likely(reaper != father)) return reaper; reaper = find_alive_thread(father); if (reaper) { pid_ns->child_reaper = reaper; return reaper; } write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, dead, ptrace_entry) { list_del_init(&p->ptrace_entry); release_task(p); } zap_pid_ns_processes(pid_ns); write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); return father; } /* * When we die, we re-parent all our children, and try to: * 1. give them to another thread in our thread group, if such a member exists * 2. give it to the first ancestor process which prctl'd itself as a * child_subreaper for its children (like a service manager) * 3. give it to the init process (PID 1) in our pid namespace */ static struct task_struct *find_new_reaper(struct task_struct *father, struct task_struct *child_reaper) { struct task_struct *thread, *reaper; thread = find_alive_thread(father); if (thread) return thread; if (father->signal->has_child_subreaper) { unsigned int ns_level = task_pid(father)->level; /* * Find the first ->is_child_subreaper ancestor in our pid_ns. * We can't check reaper != child_reaper to ensure we do not * cross the namespaces, the exiting parent could be injected * by setns() + fork(). * We check pid->level, this is slightly more efficient than * task_active_pid_ns(reaper) != task_active_pid_ns(father). */ for (reaper = father->real_parent; task_pid(reaper)->level == ns_level; reaper = reaper->real_parent) { if (reaper == &init_task) break; if (!reaper->signal->is_child_subreaper) continue; thread = find_alive_thread(reaper); if (thread) return thread; } } return child_reaper; } /* * Any that need to be release_task'd are put on the @dead list. */ static void reparent_leader(struct task_struct *father, struct task_struct *p, struct list_head *dead) { if (unlikely(p->exit_state == EXIT_DEAD)) return; /* We don't want people slaying init. */ p->exit_signal = SIGCHLD; /* If it has exited notify the new parent about this child's death. */ if (!p->ptrace && p->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE && thread_group_empty(p)) { if (do_notify_parent(p, p->exit_signal)) { p->exit_state = EXIT_DEAD; list_add(&p->ptrace_entry, dead); } } kill_orphaned_pgrp(p, father); } /* * This does two things: * * A. Make init inherit all the child processes * B. Check to see if any process groups have become orphaned * as a result of our exiting, and if they have any stopped * jobs, send them a SIGHUP and then a SIGCONT. (POSIX 3.2.2.2) */ static void forget_original_parent(struct task_struct *father, struct list_head *dead) { struct task_struct *p, *t, *reaper; if (unlikely(!list_empty(&father->ptraced))) exit_ptrace(father, dead); /* Can drop and reacquire tasklist_lock */ reaper = find_child_reaper(father, dead); if (list_empty(&father->children)) return; reaper = find_new_reaper(father, reaper); list_for_each_entry(p, &father->children, sibling) { for_each_thread(p, t) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(t->real_parent, reaper); BUG_ON((!t->ptrace) != (rcu_access_pointer(t->parent) == father)); if (likely(!t->ptrace)) t->parent = t->real_parent; if (t->pdeath_signal) group_send_sig_info(t->pdeath_signal, SEND_SIG_NOINFO, t, PIDTYPE_TGID); } /* * If this is a threaded reparent there is no need to * notify anyone anything has happened. */ if (!same_thread_group(reaper, father)) reparent_leader(father, p, dead); } list_splice_tail_init(&father->children, &reaper->children); } /* * Send signals to all our closest relatives so that they know * to properly mourn us.. */ static void exit_notify(struct task_struct *tsk, int group_dead) { bool autoreap; struct task_struct *p, *n; LIST_HEAD(dead); write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); forget_original_parent(tsk, &dead); if (group_dead) kill_orphaned_pgrp(tsk->group_leader, NULL); tsk->exit_state = EXIT_ZOMBIE; if (unlikely(tsk->ptrace)) { int sig = thread_group_leader(tsk) && thread_group_empty(tsk) && !ptrace_reparented(tsk) ? tsk->exit_signal : SIGCHLD; autoreap = do_notify_parent(tsk, sig); } else if (thread_group_leader(tsk)) { autoreap = thread_group_empty(tsk) && do_notify_parent(tsk, tsk->exit_signal); } else { autoreap = true; } if (autoreap) { tsk->exit_state = EXIT_DEAD; list_add(&tsk->ptrace_entry, &dead); } /* mt-exec, de_thread() is waiting for group leader */ if (unlikely(tsk->signal->notify_count < 0)) wake_up_process(tsk->signal->group_exit_task); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &dead, ptrace_entry) { list_del_init(&p->ptrace_entry); release_task(p); } } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE static void check_stack_usage(void) { static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(low_water_lock); static int lowest_to_date = THREAD_SIZE; unsigned long free; free = stack_not_used(current); if (free >= lowest_to_date) return; spin_lock(&low_water_lock); if (free < lowest_to_date) { pr_info("%s (%d) used greatest stack depth: %lu bytes left\n", current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), free); lowest_to_date = free; } spin_unlock(&low_water_lock); } #else static inline void check_stack_usage(void) {} #endif void __noreturn do_exit(long code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; int group_dead; /* * We can get here from a kernel oops, sometimes with preemption off. * Start by checking for critical errors. * Then fix up important state like USER_DS and preemption. * Then do everything else. */ WARN_ON(blk_needs_flush_plug(tsk)); if (unlikely(in_interrupt())) panic("Aiee, killing interrupt handler!"); if (unlikely(!tsk->pid)) panic("Attempted to kill the idle task!"); /* * If do_exit is called because this processes oopsed, it's possible * that get_fs() was left as KERNEL_DS, so reset it to USER_DS before * continuing. Amongst other possible reasons, this is to prevent * mm_release()->clear_child_tid() from writing to a user-controlled * kernel address. */ force_uaccess_begin(); if (unlikely(in_atomic())) { pr_info("note: %s[%d] exited with preempt_count %d\n", current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), preempt_count()); preempt_count_set(PREEMPT_ENABLED); } profile_task_exit(tsk); kcov_task_exit(tsk); ptrace_event(PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT, code); validate_creds_for_do_exit(tsk); /* * We're taking recursive faults here in do_exit. Safest is to just * leave this task alone and wait for reboot. */ if (unlikely(tsk->flags & PF_EXITING)) { pr_alert("Fixing recursive fault but reboot is needed!\n"); futex_exit_recursive(tsk); set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); schedule(); } io_uring_files_cancel(tsk->files); exit_signals(tsk); /* sets PF_EXITING */ /* sync mm's RSS info before statistics gathering */ if (tsk->mm) sync_mm_rss(tsk->mm); acct_update_integrals(tsk); group_dead = atomic_dec_and_test(&tsk->signal->live); if (group_dead) { /* * If the last thread of global init has exited, panic * immediately to get a useable coredump. */ if (unlikely(is_global_init(tsk))) panic("Attempted to kill init! exitcode=0x%08x\n", tsk->signal->group_exit_code ?: (int)code); #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS hrtimer_cancel(&tsk->signal->real_timer); exit_itimers(tsk->signal); #endif if (tsk->mm) setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(&tsk->signal->maxrss, tsk->mm); } acct_collect(code, group_dead); if (group_dead) tty_audit_exit(); audit_free(tsk); tsk->exit_code = code; taskstats_exit(tsk, group_dead); exit_mm(); if (group_dead) acct_process(); trace_sched_process_exit(tsk); exit_sem(tsk); exit_shm(tsk); exit_files(tsk); exit_fs(tsk); if (group_dead) disassociate_ctty(1); exit_task_namespaces(tsk); exit_task_work(tsk); exit_thread(tsk); /* * Flush inherited counters to the parent - before the parent * gets woken up by child-exit notifications. * * because of cgroup mode, must be called before cgroup_exit() */ perf_event_exit_task(tsk); sched_autogroup_exit_task(tsk); cgroup_exit(tsk); /* * FIXME: do that only when needed, using sched_exit tracepoint */ flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(tsk); exit_tasks_rcu_start(); exit_notify(tsk, group_dead); proc_exit_connector(tsk); mpol_put_task_policy(tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX if (unlikely(current->pi_state_cache)) kfree(current->pi_state_cache); #endif /* * Make sure we are holding no locks: */ debug_check_no_locks_held(); if (tsk->io_context) exit_io_context(tsk); if (tsk->splice_pipe) free_pipe_info(tsk->splice_pipe); if (tsk->task_frag.page) put_page(tsk->task_frag.page); validate_creds_for_do_exit(tsk); check_stack_usage(); preempt_disable(); if (tsk->nr_dirtied) __this_cpu_add(dirty_throttle_leaks, tsk->nr_dirtied); exit_rcu(); exit_tasks_rcu_finish(); lockdep_free_task(tsk); do_task_dead(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(do_exit); void complete_and_exit(struct completion *comp, long code) { if (comp) complete(comp); do_exit(code); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(complete_and_exit); SYSCALL_DEFINE1(exit, int, error_code) { do_exit((error_code&0xff)<<8); } /* * Take down every thread in the group. This is called by fatal signals * as well as by sys_exit_group (below). */ void do_group_exit(int exit_code) { struct signal_struct *sig = current->signal; BUG_ON(exit_code & 0x80); /* core dumps don't get here */ if (signal_group_exit(sig)) exit_code = sig->group_exit_code; else if (!thread_group_empty(current)) { struct sighand_struct *const sighand = current->sighand; spin_lock_irq(&sighand->siglock); if (signal_group_exit(sig)) /* Another thread got here before we took the lock. */ exit_code = sig->group_exit_code; else { sig->group_exit_code = exit_code; sig->flags = SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT; zap_other_threads(current); } spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); } do_exit(exit_code); /* NOTREACHED */ } /* * this kills every thread in the thread group. Note that any externally * wait4()-ing process will get the correct exit code - even if this * thread is not the thread group leader. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(exit_group, int, error_code) { do_group_exit((error_code & 0xff) << 8); /* NOTREACHED */ return 0; } struct waitid_info { pid_t pid; uid_t uid; int status; int cause; }; struct wait_opts { enum pid_type wo_type; int wo_flags; struct pid *wo_pid; struct waitid_info *wo_info; int wo_stat; struct rusage *wo_rusage; wait_queue_entry_t child_wait; int notask_error; }; static int eligible_pid(struct wait_opts *wo, struct task_struct *p) { return wo->wo_type == PIDTYPE_MAX || task_pid_type(p, wo->wo_type) == wo->wo_pid; } static int eligible_child(struct wait_opts *wo, bool ptrace, struct task_struct *p) { if (!eligible_pid(wo, p)) return 0; /* * Wait for all children (clone and not) if __WALL is set or * if it is traced by us. */ if (ptrace || (wo->wo_flags & __WALL)) return 1; /* * Otherwise, wait for clone children *only* if __WCLONE is set; * otherwise, wait for non-clone children *only*. * * Note: a "clone" child here is one that reports to its parent * using a signal other than SIGCHLD, or a non-leader thread which * we can only see if it is traced by us. */ if ((p->exit_signal != SIGCHLD) ^ !!(wo->wo_flags & __WCLONE)) return 0; return 1; } /* * Handle sys_wait4 work for one task in state EXIT_ZOMBIE. We hold * read_lock(&tasklist_lock) on entry. If we return zero, we still hold * the lock and this task is uninteresting. If we return nonzero, we have * released the lock and the system call should return. */ static int wait_task_zombie(struct wait_opts *wo, struct task_struct *p) { int state, status; pid_t pid = task_pid_vnr(p); uid_t uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), task_uid(p)); struct waitid_info *infop; if (!likely(wo->wo_flags & WEXITED)) return 0; if (unlikely(wo->wo_flags & WNOWAIT)) { status = p->exit_code; get_task_struct(p); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); sched_annotate_sleep(); if (wo->wo_rusage) getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, wo->wo_rusage); put_task_struct(p); goto out_info; } /* * Move the task's state to DEAD/TRACE, only one thread can do this. */ state = (ptrace_reparented(p) && thread_group_leader(p)) ? EXIT_TRACE : EXIT_DEAD; if (cmpxchg(&p->exit_state, EXIT_ZOMBIE, state) != EXIT_ZOMBIE) return 0; /* * We own this thread, nobody else can reap it. */ read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); sched_annotate_sleep(); /* * Check thread_group_leader() to exclude the traced sub-threads. */ if (state == EXIT_DEAD && thread_group_leader(p)) { struct signal_struct *sig = p->signal; struct signal_struct *psig = current->signal; unsigned long maxrss; u64 tgutime, tgstime; /* * The resource counters for the group leader are in its * own task_struct. Those for dead threads in the group * are in its signal_struct, as are those for the child * processes it has previously reaped. All these * accumulate in the parent's signal_struct c* fields. * * We don't bother to take a lock here to protect these * p->signal fields because the whole thread group is dead * and nobody can change them. * * psig->stats_lock also protects us from our sub-theads * which can reap other children at the same time. Until * we change k_getrusage()-like users to rely on this lock * we have to take ->siglock as well. * * We use thread_group_cputime_adjusted() to get times for * the thread group, which consolidates times for all threads * in the group including the group leader. */ thread_group_cputime_adjusted(p, &tgutime, &tgstime); spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); write_seqlock(&psig->stats_lock); psig->cutime += tgutime + sig->cutime; psig->cstime += tgstime + sig->cstime; psig->cgtime += task_gtime(p) + sig->gtime + sig->cgtime; psig->cmin_flt += p->min_flt + sig->min_flt + sig->cmin_flt; psig->cmaj_flt += p->maj_flt + sig->maj_flt + sig->cmaj_flt; psig->cnvcsw += p->nvcsw + sig->nvcsw + sig->cnvcsw; psig->cnivcsw += p->nivcsw + sig->nivcsw + sig->cnivcsw; psig->cinblock += task_io_get_inblock(p) + sig->inblock + sig->cinblock; psig->coublock += task_io_get_oublock(p) + sig->oublock + sig->coublock; maxrss = max(sig->maxrss, sig->cmaxrss); if (psig->cmaxrss < maxrss) psig->cmaxrss = maxrss; task_io_accounting_add(&psig->ioac, &p->ioac); task_io_accounting_add(&psig->ioac, &sig->ioac); write_sequnlock(&psig->stats_lock); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); } if (wo->wo_rusage) getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, wo->wo_rusage); status = (p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT) ? p->signal->group_exit_code : p->exit_code; wo->wo_stat = status; if (state == EXIT_TRACE) { write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); /* We dropped tasklist, ptracer could die and untrace */ ptrace_unlink(p); /* If parent wants a zombie, don't release it now */ state = EXIT_ZOMBIE; if (do_notify_parent(p, p->exit_signal)) state = EXIT_DEAD; p->exit_state = state; write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); } if (state == EXIT_DEAD) release_task(p); out_info: infop = wo->wo_info; if (infop) { if ((status & 0x7f) == 0) { infop->cause = CLD_EXITED; infop->status = status >> 8; } else { infop->cause = (status & 0x80) ? CLD_DUMPED : CLD_KILLED; infop->status = status & 0x7f; } infop->pid = pid; infop->uid = uid; } return pid; } static int *task_stopped_code(struct task_struct *p, bool ptrace) { if (ptrace) { if (task_is_traced(p) && !(p->jobctl & JOBCTL_LISTENING)) return &p->exit_code; } else { if (p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED) return &p->signal->group_exit_code; } return NULL; } /** * wait_task_stopped - Wait for %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED * @wo: wait options * @ptrace: is the wait for ptrace * @p: task to wait for * * Handle sys_wait4() work for %p in state %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED. * * CONTEXT: * read_lock(&tasklist_lock), which is released if return value is * non-zero. Also, grabs and releases @p->sighand->siglock. * * RETURNS: * 0 if wait condition didn't exist and search for other wait conditions * should continue. Non-zero return, -errno on failure and @p's pid on * success, implies that tasklist_lock is released and wait condition * search should terminate. */ static int wait_task_stopped(struct wait_opts *wo, int ptrace, struct task_struct *p) { struct waitid_info *infop; int exit_code, *p_code, why; uid_t uid = 0; /* unneeded, required by compiler */ pid_t pid; /* * Traditionally we see ptrace'd stopped tasks regardless of options. */ if (!ptrace && !(wo->wo_flags & WUNTRACED)) return 0; if (!task_stopped_code(p, ptrace)) return 0; exit_code = 0; spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock); p_code = task_stopped_code(p, ptrace); if (unlikely(!p_code)) goto unlock_sig; exit_code = *p_code; if (!exit_code) goto unlock_sig; if (!unlikely(wo->wo_flags & WNOWAIT)) *p_code = 0; uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), task_uid(p)); unlock_sig: spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock); if (!exit_code) return 0; /* * Now we are pretty sure this task is interesting. * Make sure it doesn't get reaped out from under us while we * give up the lock and then examine it below. We don't want to * keep holding onto the tasklist_lock while we call getrusage and * possibly take page faults for user memory. */ get_task_struct(p); pid = task_pid_vnr(p); why = ptrace ? CLD_TRAPPED : CLD_STOPPED; read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); sched_annotate_sleep(); if (wo->wo_rusage) getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, wo->wo_rusage); put_task_struct(p); if (likely(!(wo->wo_flags & WNOWAIT))) wo->wo_stat = (exit_code << 8) | 0x7f; infop = wo->wo_info; if (infop) { infop->cause = why; infop->status = exit_code; infop->pid = pid; infop->uid = uid; } return pid; } /* * Handle do_wait work for one task in a live, non-stopped state. * read_lock(&tasklist_lock) on entry. If we return zero, we still hold * the lock and this task is uninteresting. If we return nonzero, we have * released the lock and the system call should return. */ static int wait_task_continued(struct wait_opts *wo, struct task_struct *p) { struct waitid_info *infop; pid_t pid; uid_t uid; if (!unlikely(wo->wo_flags & WCONTINUED)) return 0; if (!(p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED)) return 0; spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock); /* Re-check with the lock held. */ if (!(p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED)) { spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock); return 0; } if (!unlikely(wo->wo_flags & WNOWAIT)) p->signal->flags &= ~SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED; uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), task_uid(p)); spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock); pid = task_pid_vnr(p); get_task_struct(p); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); sched_annotate_sleep(); if (wo->wo_rusage) getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, wo->wo_rusage); put_task_struct(p); infop = wo->wo_info; if (!infop) { wo->wo_stat = 0xffff; } else { infop->cause = CLD_CONTINUED; infop->pid = pid; infop->uid = uid; infop->status = SIGCONT; } return pid; } /* * Consider @p for a wait by @parent. * * -ECHILD should be in ->notask_error before the first call. * Returns nonzero for a final return, when we have unlocked tasklist_lock. * Returns zero if the search for a child should continue; * then ->notask_error is 0 if @p is an eligible child, * or still -ECHILD. */ static int wait_consider_task(struct wait_opts *wo, int ptrace, struct task_struct *p) { /* * We can race with wait_task_zombie() from another thread. * Ensure that EXIT_ZOMBIE -> EXIT_DEAD/EXIT_TRACE transition * can't confuse the checks below. */ int exit_state = READ_ONCE(p->exit_state); int ret; if (unlikely(exit_state == EXIT_DEAD)) return 0; ret = eligible_child(wo, ptrace, p); if (!ret) return ret; if (unlikely(exit_state == EXIT_TRACE)) { /* * ptrace == 0 means we are the natural parent. In this case * we should clear notask_error, debugger will notify us. */ if (likely(!ptrace)) wo->notask_error = 0; return 0; } if (likely(!ptrace) && unlikely(p->ptrace)) { /* * If it is traced by its real parent's group, just pretend * the caller is ptrace_do_wait() and reap this child if it * is zombie. * * This also hides group stop state from real parent; otherwise * a single stop can be reported twice as group and ptrace stop. * If a ptracer wants to distinguish these two events for its * own children it should create a separate process which takes * the role of real parent. */ if (!ptrace_reparented(p)) ptrace = 1; } /* slay zombie? */ if (exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE) { /* we don't reap group leaders with subthreads */ if (!delay_group_leader(p)) { /* * A zombie ptracee is only visible to its ptracer. * Notification and reaping will be cascaded to the * real parent when the ptracer detaches. */ if (unlikely(ptrace) || likely(!p->ptrace)) return wait_task_zombie(wo, p); } /* * Allow access to stopped/continued state via zombie by * falling through. Clearing of notask_error is complex. * * When !@ptrace: * * If WEXITED is set, notask_error should naturally be * cleared. If not, subset of WSTOPPED|WCONTINUED is set, * so, if there are live subthreads, there are events to * wait for. If all subthreads are dead, it's still safe * to clear - this function will be called again in finite * amount time once all the subthreads are released and * will then return without clearing. * * When @ptrace: * * Stopped state is per-task and thus can't change once the * target task dies. Only continued and exited can happen. * Clear notask_error if WCONTINUED | WEXITED. */ if (likely(!ptrace) || (wo->wo_flags & (WCONTINUED | WEXITED))) wo->notask_error = 0; } else { /* * @p is alive and it's gonna stop, continue or exit, so * there always is something to wait for. */ wo->notask_error = 0; } /* * Wait for stopped. Depending on @ptrace, different stopped state * is used and the two don't interact with each other. */ ret = wait_task_stopped(wo, ptrace, p); if (ret) return ret; /* * Wait for continued. There's only one continued state and the * ptracer can consume it which can confuse the real parent. Don't * use WCONTINUED from ptracer. You don't need or want it. */ return wait_task_continued(wo, p); } /* * Do the work of do_wait() for one thread in the group, @tsk. * * -ECHILD should be in ->notask_error before the first call. * Returns nonzero for a final return, when we have unlocked tasklist_lock. * Returns zero if the search for a child should continue; then * ->notask_error is 0 if there were any eligible children, * or still -ECHILD. */ static int do_wait_thread(struct wait_opts *wo, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct task_struct *p; list_for_each_entry(p, &tsk->children, sibling) { int ret = wait_consider_task(wo, 0, p); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } static int ptrace_do_wait(struct wait_opts *wo, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct task_struct *p; list_for_each_entry(p, &tsk->ptraced, ptrace_entry) { int ret = wait_consider_task(wo, 1, p); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } static int child_wait_callback(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key) { struct wait_opts *wo = container_of(wait, struct wait_opts, child_wait); struct task_struct *p = key; if (!eligible_pid(wo, p)) return 0; if ((wo->wo_flags & __WNOTHREAD) && wait->private != p->parent) return 0; return default_wake_function(wait, mode, sync, key); } void __wake_up_parent(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *parent) { __wake_up_sync_key(&parent->signal->wait_chldexit, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, p); } static long do_wait(struct wait_opts *wo) { struct task_struct *tsk; int retval; trace_sched_process_wait(wo->wo_pid); init_waitqueue_func_entry(&wo->child_wait, child_wait_callback); wo->child_wait.private = current; add_wait_queue(&current->signal->wait_chldexit, &wo->child_wait); repeat: /* * If there is nothing that can match our criteria, just get out. * We will clear ->notask_error to zero if we see any child that * might later match our criteria, even if we are not able to reap * it yet. */ wo->notask_error = -ECHILD; if ((wo->wo_type < PIDTYPE_MAX) && (!wo->wo_pid || !pid_has_task(wo->wo_pid, wo->wo_type))) goto notask; set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); read_lock(&tasklist_lock); tsk = current; do { retval = do_wait_thread(wo, tsk); if (retval) goto end; retval = ptrace_do_wait(wo, tsk); if (retval) goto end; if (wo->wo_flags & __WNOTHREAD) break; } while_each_thread(current, tsk); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); notask: retval = wo->notask_error; if (!retval && !(wo->wo_flags & WNOHANG)) { retval = -ERESTARTSYS; if (!signal_pending(current)) { schedule(); goto repeat; } } end: __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); remove_wait_queue(&current->signal->wait_chldexit, &wo->child_wait); return retval; } static long kernel_waitid(int which, pid_t upid, struct waitid_info *infop, int options, struct rusage *ru) { struct wait_opts wo; struct pid *pid = NULL; enum pid_type type; long ret; unsigned int f_flags = 0; if (options & ~(WNOHANG|WNOWAIT|WEXITED|WSTOPPED|WCONTINUED| __WNOTHREAD|__WCLONE|__WALL)) return -EINVAL; if (!(options & (WEXITED|WSTOPPED|WCONTINUED))) return -EINVAL; switch (which) { case P_ALL: type = PIDTYPE_MAX; break; case P_PID: type = PIDTYPE_PID; if (upid <= 0) return -EINVAL; pid = find_get_pid(upid); break; case P_PGID: type = PIDTYPE_PGID; if (upid < 0) return -EINVAL; if (upid) pid = find_get_pid(upid); else pid = get_task_pid(current, PIDTYPE_PGID); break; case P_PIDFD: type = PIDTYPE_PID; if (upid < 0) return -EINVAL; pid = pidfd_get_pid(upid, &f_flags); if (IS_ERR(pid)) return PTR_ERR(pid); break; default: return -EINVAL; } wo.wo_type = type; wo.wo_pid = pid; wo.wo_flags = options; wo.wo_info = infop; wo.wo_rusage = ru; if (f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) wo.wo_flags |= WNOHANG; ret = do_wait(&wo); if (!ret && !(options & WNOHANG) && (f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)) ret = -EAGAIN; put_pid(pid); return ret; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(waitid, int, which, pid_t, upid, struct siginfo __user *, infop, int, options, struct rusage __user *, ru) { struct rusage r; struct waitid_info info = {.status = 0}; long err = kernel_waitid(which, upid, &info, options, ru ? &r : NULL); int signo = 0; if (err > 0) { signo = SIGCHLD; err = 0; if (ru && copy_to_user(ru, &r, sizeof(struct rusage))) return -EFAULT; } if (!infop) return err; if (!user_write_access_begin(infop, sizeof(*infop))) return -EFAULT; unsafe_put_user(signo, &infop->si_signo, Efault); unsafe_put_user(0, &infop->si_errno, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.cause, &infop->si_code, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.pid, &infop->si_pid, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.uid, &infop->si_uid, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.status, &infop->si_status, Efault); user_write_access_end(); return err; Efault: user_write_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } long kernel_wait4(pid_t upid, int __user *stat_addr, int options, struct rusage *ru) { struct wait_opts wo; struct pid *pid = NULL; enum pid_type type; long ret; if (options & ~(WNOHANG|WUNTRACED|WCONTINUED| __WNOTHREAD|__WCLONE|__WALL)) return -EINVAL; /* -INT_MIN is not defined */ if (upid == INT_MIN) return -ESRCH; if (upid == -1) type = PIDTYPE_MAX; else if (upid < 0) { type = PIDTYPE_PGID; pid = find_get_pid(-upid); } else if (upid == 0) { type = PIDTYPE_PGID; pid = get_task_pid(current, PIDTYPE_PGID); } else /* upid > 0 */ { type = PIDTYPE_PID; pid = find_get_pid(upid); } wo.wo_type = type; wo.wo_pid = pid; wo.wo_flags = options | WEXITED; wo.wo_info = NULL; wo.wo_stat = 0; wo.wo_rusage = ru; ret = do_wait(&wo); put_pid(pid); if (ret > 0 && stat_addr && put_user(wo.wo_stat, stat_addr)) ret = -EFAULT; return ret; } int kernel_wait(pid_t pid, int *stat) { struct wait_opts wo = { .wo_type = PIDTYPE_PID, .wo_pid = find_get_pid(pid), .wo_flags = WEXITED, }; int ret; ret = do_wait(&wo); if (ret > 0 && wo.wo_stat) *stat = wo.wo_stat; put_pid(wo.wo_pid); return ret; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(wait4, pid_t, upid, int __user *, stat_addr, int, options, struct rusage __user *, ru) { struct rusage r; long err = kernel_wait4(upid, stat_addr, options, ru ? &r : NULL); if (err > 0) { if (ru && copy_to_user(ru, &r, sizeof(struct rusage))) return -EFAULT; } return err; } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_WAITPID /* * sys_waitpid() remains for compatibility. waitpid() should be * implemented by calling sys_wait4() from libc.a. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(waitpid, pid_t, pid, int __user *, stat_addr, int, options) { return kernel_wait4(pid, stat_addr, options, NULL); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(wait4, compat_pid_t, pid, compat_uint_t __user *, stat_addr, int, options, struct compat_rusage __user *, ru) { struct rusage r; long err = kernel_wait4(pid, stat_addr, options, ru ? &r : NULL); if (err > 0) { if (ru && put_compat_rusage(&r, ru)) return -EFAULT; } return err; } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(waitid, int, which, compat_pid_t, pid, struct compat_siginfo __user *, infop, int, options, struct compat_rusage __user *, uru) { struct rusage ru; struct waitid_info info = {.status = 0}; long err = kernel_waitid(which, pid, &info, options, uru ? &ru : NULL); int signo = 0; if (err > 0) { signo = SIGCHLD; err = 0; if (uru) { /* kernel_waitid() overwrites everything in ru */ if (COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME) err = copy_to_user(uru, &ru, sizeof(ru)); else err = put_compat_rusage(&ru, uru); if (err) return -EFAULT; } } if (!infop) return err; if (!user_write_access_begin(infop, sizeof(*infop))) return -EFAULT; unsafe_put_user(signo, &infop->si_signo, Efault); unsafe_put_user(0, &infop->si_errno, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.cause, &infop->si_code, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.pid, &infop->si_pid, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.uid, &infop->si_uid, Efault); unsafe_put_user(info.status, &infop->si_status, Efault); user_write_access_end(); return err; Efault: user_write_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } #endif /** * thread_group_exited - check that a thread group has exited * @pid: tgid of thread group to be checked. * * Test if the thread group represented by tgid has exited (all * threads are zombies, dead or completely gone). * * Return: true if the thread group has exited. false otherwise. */ bool thread_group_exited(struct pid *pid) { struct task_struct *task; bool exited; rcu_read_lock(); task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID); exited = !task || (READ_ONCE(task->exit_state) && thread_group_empty(task)); rcu_read_unlock(); return exited; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(thread_group_exited); __weak void abort(void) { BUG(); /* if that doesn't kill us, halt */ panic("Oops failed to kill thread"); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(abort);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Supervisor Mode Access Prevention support * * Copyright (C) 2012 Intel Corporation * Author: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SMAP_H #define _ASM_X86_SMAP_H #include <asm/nops.h> #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> /* "Raw" instruction opcodes */ #define __ASM_CLAC ".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xca" #define __ASM_STAC ".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xcb" #ifdef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/alternative-asm.h> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_SMAP #define ASM_CLAC \ ALTERNATIVE "", __ASM_CLAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP #define ASM_STAC \ ALTERNATIVE "", __ASM_STAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP #else /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ #define ASM_CLAC #define ASM_STAC #endif /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #include <asm/alternative.h> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_SMAP static __always_inline void clac(void) { /* Note: a barrier is implicit in alternative() */ alternative("", __ASM_CLAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP); } static __always_inline void stac(void) { /* Note: a barrier is implicit in alternative() */ alternative("", __ASM_STAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP); } static __always_inline unsigned long smap_save(void) { unsigned long flags; asm volatile ("# smap_save\n\t" ALTERNATIVE("jmp 1f", "", X86_FEATURE_SMAP) "pushf; pop %0; " __ASM_CLAC "\n\t" "1:" : "=rm" (flags) : : "memory", "cc"); return flags; } static __always_inline void smap_restore(unsigned long flags) { asm volatile ("# smap_restore\n\t" ALTERNATIVE("jmp 1f", "", X86_FEATURE_SMAP) "push %0; popf\n\t" "1:" : : "g" (flags) : "memory", "cc"); } /* These macros can be used in asm() statements */ #define ASM_CLAC \ ALTERNATIVE("", __ASM_CLAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP) #define ASM_STAC \ ALTERNATIVE("", __ASM_STAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP) #else /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ static inline void clac(void) { } static inline void stac(void) { } static inline unsigned long smap_save(void) { return 0; } static inline void smap_restore(unsigned long flags) { } #define ASM_CLAC #define ASM_STAC #endif /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/fs_pin.h> struct mnt_namespace { atomic_t count; struct ns_common ns; struct mount * root; /* * Traversal and modification of .list is protected by either * - taking namespace_sem for write, OR * - taking namespace_sem for read AND taking .ns_lock. */ struct list_head list; spinlock_t ns_lock; struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; u64 seq; /* Sequence number to prevent loops */ wait_queue_head_t poll; u64 event; unsigned int mounts; /* # of mounts in the namespace */ unsigned int pending_mounts; } __randomize_layout; struct mnt_pcp { int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; }; struct mountpoint { struct hlist_node m_hash; struct dentry *m_dentry; struct hlist_head m_list; int m_count; }; struct mount { struct hlist_node mnt_hash; struct mount *mnt_parent; struct dentry *mnt_mountpoint; struct vfsmount mnt; union { struct rcu_head mnt_rcu; struct llist_node mnt_llist; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct mnt_pcp __percpu *mnt_pcp; #else int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; #endif struct list_head mnt_mounts; /* list of children, anchored here */ struct list_head mnt_child; /* and going through their mnt_child */ struct list_head mnt_instance; /* mount instance on sb->s_mounts */ const char *mnt_devname; /* Name of device e.g. /dev/dsk/hda1 */ struct list_head mnt_list; struct list_head mnt_expire; /* link in fs-specific expiry list */ struct list_head mnt_share; /* circular list of shared mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave_list;/* list of slave mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave; /* slave list entry */ struct mount *mnt_master; /* slave is on master->mnt_slave_list */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; /* containing namespace */ struct mountpoint *mnt_mp; /* where is it mounted */ union { struct hlist_node mnt_mp_list; /* list mounts with the same mountpoint */ struct hlist_node mnt_umount; }; struct list_head mnt_umounting; /* list entry for umount propagation */ #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *mnt_fsnotify_marks; __u32 mnt_fsnotify_mask; #endif int mnt_id; /* mount identifier */ int mnt_group_id; /* peer group identifier */ int mnt_expiry_mark; /* true if marked for expiry */ struct hlist_head mnt_pins; struct hlist_head mnt_stuck_children; } __randomize_layout; #define MNT_NS_INTERNAL ERR_PTR(-EINVAL) /* distinct from any mnt_namespace */ static inline struct mount *real_mount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return container_of(mnt, struct mount, mnt); } static inline int mnt_has_parent(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt != mnt->mnt_parent; } static inline int is_mounted(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* neither detached nor internal? */ return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns); } extern struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *); extern int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); extern bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); static inline bool __path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { struct mount *m = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); return m && likely(!(m->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT)); } extern void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry); static inline void detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return; __detach_mounts(dentry); } static inline void get_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } extern seqlock_t mount_lock; static inline void lock_mount_hash(void) { write_seqlock(&mount_lock); } static inline void unlock_mount_hash(void) { write_sequnlock(&mount_lock); } struct proc_mounts { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; int (*show)(struct seq_file *, struct vfsmount *); struct mount cursor; }; extern const struct seq_operations mounts_op; extern bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry); static inline bool is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return false; return __is_local_mountpoint(dentry); } static inline bool is_anon_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { return ns->seq == 0; } extern void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef INT_BLK_MQ_H #define INT_BLK_MQ_H #include "blk-stat.h" #include "blk-mq-tag.h" struct blk_mq_tag_set; struct blk_mq_ctxs { struct kobject kobj; struct blk_mq_ctx __percpu *queue_ctx; }; /** * struct blk_mq_ctx - State for a software queue facing the submitting CPUs */ struct blk_mq_ctx { struct { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head rq_lists[HCTX_MAX_TYPES]; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; unsigned int cpu; unsigned short index_hw[HCTX_MAX_TYPES]; struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctxs[HCTX_MAX_TYPES]; /* incremented at dispatch time */ unsigned long rq_dispatched[2]; unsigned long rq_merged; /* incremented at completion time */ unsigned long ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp rq_completed[2]; struct request_queue *queue; struct blk_mq_ctxs *ctxs; struct kobject kobj; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; void blk_mq_exit_queue(struct request_queue *q); int blk_mq_update_nr_requests(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int nr); void blk_mq_wake_waiters(struct request_queue *q); bool blk_mq_dispatch_rq_list(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *, unsigned int); void blk_mq_add_to_requeue_list(struct request *rq, bool at_head, bool kick_requeue_list); void blk_mq_flush_busy_ctxs(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list); struct request *blk_mq_dequeue_from_ctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *start); void blk_mq_put_rq_ref(struct request *rq); /* * Internal helpers for allocating/freeing the request map */ void blk_mq_free_rqs(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int hctx_idx); void blk_mq_free_rq_map(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int flags); struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_alloc_rq_map(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int hctx_idx, unsigned int nr_tags, unsigned int reserved_tags, unsigned int flags); int blk_mq_alloc_rqs(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int hctx_idx, unsigned int depth); /* * Internal helpers for request insertion into sw queues */ void __blk_mq_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq, bool at_head); void blk_mq_request_bypass_insert(struct request *rq, bool at_head, bool run_queue); void blk_mq_insert_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, struct list_head *list); /* Used by blk_insert_cloned_request() to issue request directly */ blk_status_t blk_mq_request_issue_directly(struct request *rq, bool last); void blk_mq_try_issue_list_directly(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct list_head *list); /* * CPU -> queue mappings */ extern int blk_mq_hw_queue_to_node(struct blk_mq_queue_map *qmap, unsigned int); /* * blk_mq_map_queue_type() - map (hctx_type,cpu) to hardware queue * @q: request queue * @type: the hctx type index * @cpu: CPU */ static inline struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *blk_mq_map_queue_type(struct request_queue *q, enum hctx_type type, unsigned int cpu) { return q->queue_hw_ctx[q->tag_set->map[type].mq_map[cpu]]; } /* * blk_mq_map_queue() - map (cmd_flags,type) to hardware queue * @q: request queue * @flags: request command flags * @cpu: cpu ctx */ static inline struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *blk_mq_map_queue(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int flags, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { enum hctx_type type = HCTX_TYPE_DEFAULT; /* * The caller ensure that if REQ_HIPRI, poll must be enabled. */ if (flags & REQ_HIPRI) type = HCTX_TYPE_POLL; else if ((flags & REQ_OP_MASK) == REQ_OP_READ) type = HCTX_TYPE_READ; return ctx->hctxs[type]; } /* * sysfs helpers */ extern void blk_mq_sysfs_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_mq_sysfs_deinit(struct request_queue *q); extern int __blk_mq_register_dev(struct device *dev, struct request_queue *q); extern int blk_mq_sysfs_register(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_mq_sysfs_unregister(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_mq_hctx_kobj_init(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_release(struct request_queue *q); static inline struct blk_mq_ctx *__blk_mq_get_ctx(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr(q->queue_ctx, cpu); } /* * This assumes per-cpu software queueing queues. They could be per-node * as well, for instance. For now this is hardcoded as-is. Note that we don't * care about preemption, since we know the ctx's are persistent. This does * mean that we can't rely on ctx always matching the currently running CPU. */ static inline struct blk_mq_ctx *blk_mq_get_ctx(struct request_queue *q) { return __blk_mq_get_ctx(q, raw_smp_processor_id()); } struct blk_mq_alloc_data { /* input parameter */ struct request_queue *q; blk_mq_req_flags_t flags; unsigned int shallow_depth; unsigned int cmd_flags; /* input & output parameter */ struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx; struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx; }; static inline bool blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(unsigned int flags) { return flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_HCTX_SHARED; } static inline struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_tags_from_data(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data) { if (data->q->elevator) return data->hctx->sched_tags; return data->hctx->tags; } static inline bool blk_mq_hctx_stopped(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { return test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_STOPPED, &hctx->state); } static inline bool blk_mq_hw_queue_mapped(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { return hctx->nr_ctx && hctx->tags; } unsigned int blk_mq_in_flight(struct request_queue *q, struct hd_struct *part); void blk_mq_in_flight_rw(struct request_queue *q, struct hd_struct *part, unsigned int inflight[2]); static inline void blk_mq_put_dispatch_budget(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->mq_ops->put_budget) q->mq_ops->put_budget(q); } static inline bool blk_mq_get_dispatch_budget(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->mq_ops->get_budget) return q->mq_ops->get_budget(q); return true; } static inline void __blk_mq_inc_active_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) atomic_inc(&hctx->queue->nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap); else atomic_inc(&hctx->nr_active); } static inline void __blk_mq_dec_active_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) atomic_dec(&hctx->queue->nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap); else atomic_dec(&hctx->nr_active); } static inline int __blk_mq_active_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) return atomic_read(&hctx->queue->nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap); return atomic_read(&hctx->nr_active); } static inline void __blk_mq_put_driver_tag(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq) { blk_mq_put_tag(hctx->tags, rq->mq_ctx, rq->tag); rq->tag = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG; if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_MQ_INFLIGHT) { rq->rq_flags &= ~RQF_MQ_INFLIGHT; __blk_mq_dec_active_requests(hctx); } } static inline void blk_mq_put_driver_tag(struct request *rq) { if (rq->tag == BLK_MQ_NO_TAG || rq->internal_tag == BLK_MQ_NO_TAG) return; __blk_mq_put_driver_tag(rq->mq_hctx, rq); } static inline void blk_mq_clear_mq_map(struct blk_mq_queue_map *qmap) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) qmap->mq_map[cpu] = 0; } /* * blk_mq_plug() - Get caller context plug * @q: request queue * @bio : the bio being submitted by the caller context * * Plugging, by design, may delay the insertion of BIOs into the elevator in * order to increase BIO merging opportunities. This however can cause BIO * insertion order to change from the order in which submit_bio() is being * executed in the case of multiple contexts concurrently issuing BIOs to a * device, even if these context are synchronized to tightly control BIO issuing * order. While this is not a problem with regular block devices, this ordering * change can cause write BIO failures with zoned block devices as these * require sequential write patterns to zones. Prevent this from happening by * ignoring the plug state of a BIO issuing context if the target request queue * is for a zoned block device and the BIO to plug is a write operation. * * Return current->plug if the bio can be plugged and NULL otherwise */ static inline struct blk_plug *blk_mq_plug(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { /* * For regular block devices or read operations, use the context plug * which may be NULL if blk_start_plug() was not executed. */ if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q) || !op_is_write(bio_op(bio))) return current->plug; /* Zoned block device write operation case: do not plug the BIO */ return NULL; } /* * For shared tag users, we track the number of currently active users * and attempt to provide a fair share of the tag depth for each of them. */ static inline bool hctx_may_queue(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct sbitmap_queue *bt) { unsigned int depth, users; if (!hctx || !(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return true; /* * Don't try dividing an ant */ if (bt->sb.depth == 1) return true; if (blk_mq_is_sbitmap_shared(hctx->flags)) { struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue; struct blk_mq_tag_set *set = q->tag_set; if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_HCTX_ACTIVE, &q->queue_flags)) return true; users = atomic_read(&set->active_queues_shared_sbitmap); } else { if (!test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_TAG_ACTIVE, &hctx->state)) return true; users = atomic_read(&hctx->tags->active_queues); } if (!users) return true; /* * Allow at least some tags */ depth = max((bt->sb.depth + users - 1) / users, 4U); return __blk_mq_active_requests(hctx) < depth; } #endif
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3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 3055 3056 3057 3058 3059 3060 3061 3062 3063 3064 3065 3066 3067 3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073 3074 3075 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/kernel/fork.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * 'fork.c' contains the help-routines for the 'fork' system call * (see also entry.S and others). * Fork is rather simple, once you get the hang of it, but the memory * management can be a bitch. See 'mm/memory.c': 'copy_page_range()' */ #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched/autogroup.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/user.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/stat.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/rtmutex.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/iocontext.h> #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/profile.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/acct.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h> #include <linux/cn_proc.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/taskstats_kern.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/user-return-notifier.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/khugepaged.h> #include <linux/signalfd.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/aio.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/livepatch.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/stackleak.h> #include <linux/kasan.h> #include <linux/scs.h> #include <linux/io_uring.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <trace/events/sched.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/task.h> /* * Minimum number of threads to boot the kernel */ #define MIN_THREADS 20 /* * Maximum number of threads */ #define MAX_THREADS FUTEX_TID_MASK /* * Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) */ unsigned long total_forks; /* Handle normal Linux uptimes. */ int nr_threads; /* The idle threads do not count.. */ static int max_threads; /* tunable limit on nr_threads */ #define NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(x) [x] = __stringify(x) static const char * const resident_page_types[] = { NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_FILEPAGES), NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_ANONPAGES), NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_SWAPENTS), NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_SHMEMPAGES), }; DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts) = 0; __cacheline_aligned DEFINE_RWLOCK(tasklist_lock); /* outer */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void) { return lockdep_is_held(&tasklist_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ int nr_processes(void) { int cpu; int total = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) total += per_cpu(process_counts, cpu); return total; } void __weak arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR static struct kmem_cache *task_struct_cachep; static inline struct task_struct *alloc_task_struct_node(int node) { return kmem_cache_alloc_node(task_struct_cachep, GFP_KERNEL, node); } static inline void free_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk) { kmem_cache_free(task_struct_cachep, tsk); } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_THREAD_STACK_ALLOCATOR /* * Allocate pages if THREAD_SIZE is >= PAGE_SIZE, otherwise use a * kmemcache based allocator. */ # if THREAD_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE || defined(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK) #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK /* * vmalloc() is a bit slow, and calling vfree() enough times will force a TLB * flush. Try to minimize the number of calls by caching stacks. */ #define NR_CACHED_STACKS 2 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vm_struct *, cached_stacks[NR_CACHED_STACKS]); static int free_vm_stack_cache(unsigned int cpu) { struct vm_struct **cached_vm_stacks = per_cpu_ptr(cached_stacks, cpu); int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) { struct vm_struct *vm_stack = cached_vm_stacks[i]; if (!vm_stack) continue; vfree(vm_stack->addr); cached_vm_stacks[i] = NULL; } return 0; } #endif static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node) { #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK void *stack; int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) { struct vm_struct *s; s = this_cpu_xchg(cached_stacks[i], NULL); if (!s) continue; /* Clear the KASAN shadow of the stack. */ kasan_unpoison_shadow(s->addr, THREAD_SIZE); /* Clear stale pointers from reused stack. */ memset(s->addr, 0, THREAD_SIZE); tsk->stack_vm_area = s; tsk->stack = s->addr; return s->addr; } /* * Allocated stacks are cached and later reused by new threads, * so memcg accounting is performed manually on assigning/releasing * stacks to tasks. Drop __GFP_ACCOUNT. */ stack = __vmalloc_node_range(THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_ALIGN, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, THREADINFO_GFP & ~__GFP_ACCOUNT, PAGE_KERNEL, 0, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); /* * We can't call find_vm_area() in interrupt context, and * free_thread_stack() can be called in interrupt context, * so cache the vm_struct. */ if (stack) { tsk->stack_vm_area = find_vm_area(stack); tsk->stack = stack; } return stack; #else struct page *page = alloc_pages_node(node, THREADINFO_GFP, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER); if (likely(page)) { tsk->stack = kasan_reset_tag(page_address(page)); return tsk->stack; } return NULL; #endif } static inline void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); if (vm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(vm->pages[i], 0); for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) { if (this_cpu_cmpxchg(cached_stacks[i], NULL, tsk->stack_vm_area) != NULL) continue; return; } vfree_atomic(tsk->stack); return; } #endif __free_pages(virt_to_page(tsk->stack), THREAD_SIZE_ORDER); } # else static struct kmem_cache *thread_stack_cache; static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node) { unsigned long *stack; stack = kmem_cache_alloc_node(thread_stack_cache, THREADINFO_GFP, node); stack = kasan_reset_tag(stack); tsk->stack = stack; return stack; } static void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { kmem_cache_free(thread_stack_cache, tsk->stack); } void thread_stack_cache_init(void) { thread_stack_cache = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("thread_stack", THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_SIZE, 0, 0, THREAD_SIZE, NULL); BUG_ON(thread_stack_cache == NULL); } # endif #endif /* SLAB cache for signal_struct structures (tsk->signal) */ static struct kmem_cache *signal_cachep; /* SLAB cache for sighand_struct structures (tsk->sighand) */ struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep; /* SLAB cache for files_struct structures (tsk->files) */ struct kmem_cache *files_cachep; /* SLAB cache for fs_struct structures (tsk->fs) */ struct kmem_cache *fs_cachep; /* SLAB cache for vm_area_struct structures */ static struct kmem_cache *vm_area_cachep; /* SLAB cache for mm_struct structures (tsk->mm) */ static struct kmem_cache *mm_cachep; struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (vma) vma_init(vma, mm); return vma; } struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *orig) { struct vm_area_struct *new = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (new) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_flags); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_file); /* * orig->shared.rb may be modified concurrently, but the clone * will be reinitialized. */ *new = data_race(*orig); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new->anon_vma_chain); new->vm_next = new->vm_prev = NULL; } return new; } void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, vma); } static void account_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, int account) { void *stack = task_stack_page(tsk); struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); /* All stack pages are in the same node. */ if (vm) mod_lruvec_page_state(vm->pages[0], NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, account * (THREAD_SIZE / 1024)); else mod_lruvec_slab_state(stack, NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, account * (THREAD_SIZE / 1024)); } static int memcg_charge_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); int ret; BUILD_BUG_ON(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK) && PAGE_SIZE % 1024 != 0); if (vm) { int i; BUG_ON(vm->nr_pages != THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE); for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) { /* * If memcg_kmem_charge_page() fails, page->mem_cgroup * pointer is NULL, and memcg_kmem_uncharge_page() in * free_thread_stack() will ignore this page. */ ret = memcg_kmem_charge_page(vm->pages[i], GFP_KERNEL, 0); if (ret) return ret; } } #endif return 0; } static void release_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (WARN_ON(tsk->state != TASK_DEAD)) return; /* Better to leak the stack than to free prematurely */ account_kernel_stack(tsk, -1); free_thread_stack(tsk); tsk->stack = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK tsk->stack_vm_area = NULL; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&tsk->stack_refcount)) release_task_stack(tsk); } #endif void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk) { scs_release(tsk); #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * The task is finally done with both the stack and thread_info, * so free both. */ release_task_stack(tsk); #else /* * If the task had a separate stack allocation, it should be gone * by now. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&tsk->stack_refcount) != 0); #endif rt_mutex_debug_task_free(tsk); ftrace_graph_exit_task(tsk); arch_release_task_struct(tsk); if (tsk->flags & PF_KTHREAD) free_kthread_struct(tsk); free_task_struct(tsk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_task); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static __latent_entropy int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm) { struct vm_area_struct *mpnt, *tmp, *prev, **pprev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; int retval; unsigned long charge; LIST_HEAD(uf); uprobe_start_dup_mmap(); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(oldmm)) { retval = -EINTR; goto fail_uprobe_end; } flush_cache_dup_mm(oldmm); uprobe_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); /* * Not linked in yet - no deadlock potential: */ mmap_write_lock_nested(mm, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); /* No ordering required: file already has been exposed. */ RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm)); mm->total_vm = oldmm->total_vm; mm->data_vm = oldmm->data_vm; mm->exec_vm = oldmm->exec_vm; mm->stack_vm = oldmm->stack_vm; rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node; rb_parent = NULL; pprev = &mm->mmap; retval = ksm_fork(mm, oldmm); if (retval) goto out; retval = khugepaged_fork(mm, oldmm); if (retval) goto out; prev = NULL; for (mpnt = oldmm->mmap; mpnt; mpnt = mpnt->vm_next) { struct file *file; if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_DONTCOPY) { vm_stat_account(mm, mpnt->vm_flags, -vma_pages(mpnt)); continue; } charge = 0; /* * Don't duplicate many vmas if we've been oom-killed (for * example) */ if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { retval = -EINTR; goto out; } if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) { unsigned long len = vma_pages(mpnt); if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(oldmm, len)) /* sic */ goto fail_nomem; charge = len; } tmp = vm_area_dup(mpnt); if (!tmp) goto fail_nomem; retval = vma_dup_policy(mpnt, tmp); if (retval) goto fail_nomem_policy; tmp->vm_mm = mm; retval = dup_userfaultfd(tmp, &uf); if (retval) goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork; if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK) { /* * VM_WIPEONFORK gets a clean slate in the child. * Don't prepare anon_vma until fault since we don't * copy page for current vma. */ tmp->anon_vma = NULL; } else if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt)) goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork; tmp->vm_flags &= ~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT); file = tmp->vm_file; if (file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; get_file(file); if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) put_write_access(inode); i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_allow_writable(mapping); flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); /* insert tmp into the share list, just after mpnt */ vma_interval_tree_insert_after(tmp, mpnt, &mapping->i_mmap); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /* * Clear hugetlb-related page reserves for children. This only * affects MAP_PRIVATE mappings. Faults generated by the child * are not guaranteed to succeed, even if read-only */ if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(tmp)) reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(tmp); /* * Link in the new vma and copy the page table entries. */ *pprev = tmp; pprev = &tmp->vm_next; tmp->vm_prev = prev; prev = tmp; __vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent); rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right; rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb; mm->map_count++; if (!(tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK)) retval = copy_page_range(tmp, mpnt); if (tmp->vm_ops && tmp->vm_ops->open) tmp->vm_ops->open(tmp); if (retval) goto out; } /* a new mm has just been created */ retval = arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); out: mmap_write_unlock(mm); flush_tlb_mm(oldmm); mmap_write_unlock(oldmm); dup_userfaultfd_complete(&uf); fail_uprobe_end: uprobe_end_dup_mmap(); return retval; fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork: mpol_put(vma_policy(tmp)); fail_nomem_policy: vm_area_free(tmp); fail_nomem: retval = -ENOMEM; vm_unacct_memory(charge); goto out; } static inline int mm_alloc_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->pgd = pgd_alloc(mm); if (unlikely(!mm->pgd)) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static inline void mm_free_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm) { pgd_free(mm, mm->pgd); } #else static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm) { mmap_write_lock(oldmm); RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm)); mmap_write_unlock(oldmm); return 0; } #define mm_alloc_pgd(mm) (0) #define mm_free_pgd(mm) #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ static void check_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(ARRAY_SIZE(resident_page_types) != NR_MM_COUNTERS, "Please make sure 'struct resident_page_types[]' is updated as well"); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { long x = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[i]); if (unlikely(x)) pr_alert("BUG: Bad rss-counter state mm:%p type:%s val:%ld\n", mm, resident_page_types[i], x); } if (mm_pgtables_bytes(mm)) pr_alert("BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: %ld\n", mm_pgtables_bytes(mm)); #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS VM_BUG_ON_MM(mm->pmd_huge_pte, mm); #endif } #define allocate_mm() (kmem_cache_alloc(mm_cachep, GFP_KERNEL)) #define free_mm(mm) (kmem_cache_free(mm_cachep, (mm))) /* * Called when the last reference to the mm * is dropped: either by a lazy thread or by * mmput. Free the page directory and the mm. */ void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm) { BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm); WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->mm); WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->active_mm); mm_free_pgd(mm); destroy_context(mm); mmu_notifier_subscriptions_destroy(mm); check_mm(mm); put_user_ns(mm->user_ns); free_mm(mm); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmdrop); static void mmdrop_async_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct mm_struct *mm; mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct, async_put_work); __mmdrop(mm); } static void mmdrop_async(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) { INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmdrop_async_fn); schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work); } } static inline void free_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig) { taskstats_tgid_free(sig); sched_autogroup_exit(sig); /* * __mmdrop is not safe to call from softirq context on x86 due to * pgd_dtor so postpone it to the async context */ if (sig->oom_mm) mmdrop_async(sig->oom_mm); kmem_cache_free(signal_cachep, sig); } static inline void put_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sig->sigcnt)) free_signal_struct(sig); } void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk) { WARN_ON(!tsk->exit_state); WARN_ON(refcount_read(&tsk->usage)); WARN_ON(tsk == current); io_uring_free(tsk); cgroup_free(tsk); task_numa_free(tsk, true); security_task_free(tsk); exit_creds(tsk); delayacct_tsk_free(tsk); put_signal_struct(tsk->signal); if (!profile_handoff_task(tsk)) free_task(tsk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__put_task_struct); void __init __weak arch_task_cache_init(void) { } /* * set_max_threads */ static void set_max_threads(unsigned int max_threads_suggested) { u64 threads; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); /* * The number of threads shall be limited such that the thread * structures may only consume a small part of the available memory. */ if (fls64(nr_pages) + fls64(PAGE_SIZE) > 64) threads = MAX_THREADS; else threads = div64_u64((u64) nr_pages * (u64) PAGE_SIZE, (u64) THREAD_SIZE * 8UL); if (threads > max_threads_suggested) threads = max_threads_suggested; max_threads = clamp_t(u64, threads, MIN_THREADS, MAX_THREADS); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT /* Initialized by the architecture: */ int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR static void task_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { /* Fetch thread_struct whitelist for the architecture. */ arch_thread_struct_whitelist(offset, size); /* * Handle zero-sized whitelist or empty thread_struct, otherwise * adjust offset to position of thread_struct in task_struct. */ if (unlikely(*size == 0)) *offset = 0; else *offset += offsetof(struct task_struct, thread); } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR */ void __init fork_init(void) { int i; #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR #ifndef ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN #define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN 0 #endif int align = max_t(int, L1_CACHE_BYTES, ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN); unsigned long useroffset, usersize; /* create a slab on which task_structs can be allocated */ task_struct_whitelist(&useroffset, &usersize); task_struct_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("task_struct", arch_task_struct_size, align, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, useroffset, usersize, NULL); #endif /* do the arch specific task caches init */ arch_task_cache_init(); set_max_threads(MAX_THREADS); init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur = max_threads/2; init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_max = max_threads/2; init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC]; for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++) { init_user_ns.ucount_max[i] = max_threads/2; } #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache", NULL, free_vm_stack_cache); #endif scs_init(); lockdep_init_task(&init_task); uprobes_init(); } int __weak arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src) { *dst = *src; return 0; } void set_task_stack_end_magic(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned long *stackend; stackend = end_of_stack(tsk); *stackend = STACK_END_MAGIC; /* for overflow detection */ } static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig, int node) { struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long *stack; struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area __maybe_unused; int err; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE) node = tsk_fork_get_node(orig); tsk = alloc_task_struct_node(node); if (!tsk) return NULL; stack = alloc_thread_stack_node(tsk, node); if (!stack) goto free_tsk; if (memcg_charge_kernel_stack(tsk)) goto free_stack; stack_vm_area = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); err = arch_dup_task_struct(tsk, orig); /* * arch_dup_task_struct() clobbers the stack-related fields. Make * sure they're properly initialized before using any stack-related * functions again. */ tsk->stack = stack; #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK tsk->stack_vm_area = stack_vm_area; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK refcount_set(&tsk->stack_refcount, 1); #endif if (err) goto free_stack; err = scs_prepare(tsk, node); if (err) goto free_stack; #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP /* * We must handle setting up seccomp filters once we're under * the sighand lock in case orig has changed between now and * then. Until then, filter must be NULL to avoid messing up * the usage counts on the error path calling free_task. */ tsk->seccomp.filter = NULL; #endif setup_thread_stack(tsk, orig); clear_user_return_notifier(tsk); clear_tsk_need_resched(tsk); set_task_stack_end_magic(tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR tsk->stack_canary = get_random_canary(); #endif if (orig->cpus_ptr == &orig->cpus_mask) tsk->cpus_ptr = &tsk->cpus_mask; /* * One for the user space visible state that goes away when reaped. * One for the scheduler. */ refcount_set(&tsk->rcu_users, 2); /* One for the rcu users */ refcount_set(&tsk->usage, 1); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE tsk->btrace_seq = 0; #endif tsk->splice_pipe = NULL; tsk->task_frag.page = NULL; tsk->wake_q.next = NULL; account_kernel_stack(tsk, 1); kcov_task_init(tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION tsk->fail_nth = 0; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP tsk->throttle_queue = NULL; tsk->use_memdelay = 0; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG tsk->active_memcg = NULL; #endif return tsk; free_stack: free_thread_stack(tsk); free_tsk: free_task_struct(tsk); return NULL; } __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmlist_lock); static unsigned long default_dump_filter = MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT; static int __init coredump_filter_setup(char *s) { default_dump_filter = (simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 0) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) & MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK; return 1; } __setup("coredump_filter=", coredump_filter_setup); #include <linux/init_task.h> static void mm_init_aio(struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spin_lock_init(&mm->ioctx_lock); mm->ioctx_table = NULL; #endif } static __always_inline void mm_clear_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG if (mm->owner == p) WRITE_ONCE(mm->owner, NULL); #endif } static void mm_init_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG mm->owner = p; #endif } static void mm_init_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT mm->pasid = INIT_PASID; #endif } static void mm_init_uprobes_state(struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES mm->uprobes_state.xol_area = NULL; #endif } static struct mm_struct *mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p, struct user_namespace *user_ns) { mm->mmap = NULL; mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT; mm->vmacache_seqnum = 0; atomic_set(&mm->mm_users, 1); atomic_set(&mm->mm_count, 1); seqcount_init(&mm->write_protect_seq); mmap_init_lock(mm); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mm->mmlist); mm->core_state = NULL; mm_pgtables_bytes_init(mm); mm->map_count = 0; mm->locked_vm = 0; atomic_set(&mm->has_pinned, 0); atomic64_set(&mm->pinned_vm, 0); memset(&mm->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(mm->rss_stat)); spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock); spin_lock_init(&mm->arg_lock); mm_init_cpumask(mm); mm_init_aio(mm); mm_init_owner(mm, p); mm_init_pasid(mm); RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, NULL); mmu_notifier_subscriptions_init(mm); init_tlb_flush_pending(mm); #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS mm->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif mm_init_uprobes_state(mm); hugetlb_count_init(mm); if (current->mm) { mm->flags = current->mm->flags & MMF_INIT_MASK; mm->def_flags = current->mm->def_flags & VM_INIT_DEF_MASK; } else { mm->flags = default_dump_filter; mm->def_flags = 0; } if (mm_alloc_pgd(mm)) goto fail_nopgd; if (init_new_context(p, mm)) goto fail_nocontext; mm->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); return mm; fail_nocontext: mm_free_pgd(mm); fail_nopgd: free_mm(mm); return NULL; } /* * Allocate and initialize an mm_struct. */ struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void) { struct mm_struct *mm; mm = allocate_mm(); if (!mm) return NULL; memset(mm, 0, sizeof(*mm)); return mm_init(mm, current, current_user_ns()); } static inline void __mmput(struct mm_struct *mm) { VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_users)); uprobe_clear_state(mm); exit_aio(mm); ksm_exit(mm); khugepaged_exit(mm); /* must run before exit_mmap */ exit_mmap(mm); mm_put_huge_zero_page(mm); set_mm_exe_file(mm, NULL); if (!list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); list_del(&mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } if (mm->binfmt) module_put(mm->binfmt->module); mmdrop(mm); } /* * Decrement the use count and release all resources for an mm. */ void mmput(struct mm_struct *mm) { might_sleep(); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) __mmput(mm); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmput); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static void mmput_async_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct mm_struct *mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct, async_put_work); __mmput(mm); } void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) { INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmput_async_fn); schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work); } } #endif /** * set_mm_exe_file - change a reference to the mm's executable file * * This changes mm's executable file (shown as symlink /proc/[pid]/exe). * * Main users are mmput() and sys_execve(). Callers prevent concurrent * invocations: in mmput() nobody alive left, in execve task is single * threaded. sys_prctl(PR_SET_MM_MAP/EXE_FILE) also needs to set the * mm->exe_file, but does so without using set_mm_exe_file() in order * to do avoid the need for any locks. */ void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file) { struct file *old_exe_file; /* * It is safe to dereference the exe_file without RCU as * this function is only called if nobody else can access * this mm -- see comment above for justification. */ old_exe_file = rcu_dereference_raw(mm->exe_file); if (new_exe_file) get_file(new_exe_file); rcu_assign_pointer(mm->exe_file, new_exe_file); if (old_exe_file) fput(old_exe_file); } /** * get_mm_exe_file - acquire a reference to the mm's executable file * * Returns %NULL if mm has no associated executable file. * User must release file via fput(). */ struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct file *exe_file; rcu_read_lock(); exe_file = rcu_dereference(mm->exe_file); if (exe_file && !get_file_rcu(exe_file)) exe_file = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); return exe_file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_mm_exe_file); /** * get_task_exe_file - acquire a reference to the task's executable file * * Returns %NULL if task's mm (if any) has no associated executable file or * this is a kernel thread with borrowed mm (see the comment above get_task_mm). * User must release file via fput(). */ struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task) { struct file *exe_file = NULL; struct mm_struct *mm; task_lock(task); mm = task->mm; if (mm) { if (!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) exe_file = get_mm_exe_file(mm); } task_unlock(task); return exe_file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_task_exe_file); /** * get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm * * Returns %NULL if the task has no mm. Checks PF_KTHREAD (meaning * this kernel workthread has transiently adopted a user mm with use_mm, * to do its AIO) is not set and if so returns a reference to it, after * bumping up the use count. User must release the mm via mmput() * after use. Typically used by /proc and ptrace. */ struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task) { struct mm_struct *mm; task_lock(task); mm = task->mm; if (mm) { if (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD) mm = NULL; else mmget(mm); } task_unlock(task); return mm; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_mm); struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode) { struct mm_struct *mm; int err; err = down_read_killable(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); mm = get_task_mm(task); if (mm && mm != current->mm && !ptrace_may_access(task, mode)) { mmput(mm); mm = ERR_PTR(-EACCES); } up_read(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); return mm; } static void complete_vfork_done(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct completion *vfork; task_lock(tsk); vfork = tsk->vfork_done; if (likely(vfork)) { tsk->vfork_done = NULL; complete(vfork); } task_unlock(tsk); } static int wait_for_vfork_done(struct task_struct *child, struct completion *vfork) { int killed; freezer_do_not_count(); cgroup_enter_frozen(); killed = wait_for_completion_killable(vfork); cgroup_leave_frozen(false); freezer_count(); if (killed) { task_lock(child); child->vfork_done = NULL; task_unlock(child); } put_task_struct(child); return killed; } /* Please note the differences between mmput and mm_release. * mmput is called whenever we stop holding onto a mm_struct, * error success whatever. * * mm_release is called after a mm_struct has been removed * from the current process. * * This difference is important for error handling, when we * only half set up a mm_struct for a new process and need to restore * the old one. Because we mmput the new mm_struct before * restoring the old one. . . * Eric Biederman 10 January 1998 */ static void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { uprobe_free_utask(tsk); /* Get rid of any cached register state */ deactivate_mm(tsk, mm); /* * Signal userspace if we're not exiting with a core dump * because we want to leave the value intact for debugging * purposes. */ if (tsk->clear_child_tid) { if (!(tsk->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP) && atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1) { /* * We don't check the error code - if userspace has * not set up a proper pointer then tough luck. */ put_user(0, tsk->clear_child_tid); do_futex(tsk->clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL, NULL, 0, 0); } tsk->clear_child_tid = NULL; } /* * All done, finally we can wake up parent and return this mm to him. * Also kthread_stop() uses this completion for synchronization. */ if (tsk->vfork_done) complete_vfork_done(tsk); } void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { futex_exit_release(tsk); mm_release(tsk, mm); } void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { futex_exec_release(tsk); mm_release(tsk, mm); } /** * dup_mm() - duplicates an existing mm structure * @tsk: the task_struct with which the new mm will be associated. * @oldmm: the mm to duplicate. * * Allocates a new mm structure and duplicates the provided @oldmm structure * content into it. * * Return: the duplicated mm or NULL on failure. */ static struct mm_struct *dup_mm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *oldmm) { struct mm_struct *mm; int err; mm = allocate_mm(); if (!mm) goto fail_nomem; memcpy(mm, oldmm, sizeof(*mm)); if (!mm_init(mm, tsk, mm->user_ns)) goto fail_nomem; err = dup_mmap(mm, oldmm); if (err) goto free_pt; mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; if (mm->binfmt && !try_module_get(mm->binfmt->module)) goto free_pt; return mm; free_pt: /* don't put binfmt in mmput, we haven't got module yet */ mm->binfmt = NULL; mm_init_owner(mm, NULL); mmput(mm); fail_nomem: return NULL; } static int copy_mm(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm; int retval; tsk->min_flt = tsk->maj_flt = 0; tsk->nvcsw = tsk->nivcsw = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK tsk->last_switch_count = tsk->nvcsw + tsk->nivcsw; tsk->last_switch_time = 0; #endif tsk->mm = NULL; tsk->active_mm = NULL; /* * Are we cloning a kernel thread? * * We need to steal a active VM for that.. */ oldmm = current->mm; if (!oldmm) return 0; /* initialize the new vmacache entries */ vmacache_flush(tsk); if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) { mmget(oldmm); mm = oldmm; goto good_mm; } retval = -ENOMEM; mm = dup_mm(tsk, current->mm); if (!mm) goto fail_nomem; good_mm: tsk->mm = mm; tsk->active_mm = mm; return 0; fail_nomem: return retval; } static int copy_fs(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; if (clone_flags & CLONE_FS) { /* tsk->fs is already what we want */ spin_lock(&fs->lock); if (fs->in_exec) { spin_unlock(&fs->lock); return -EAGAIN; } fs->users++; spin_unlock(&fs->lock); return 0; } tsk->fs = copy_fs_struct(fs); if (!tsk->fs) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static int copy_files(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct files_struct *oldf, *newf; int error = 0; /* * A background process may not have any files ... */ oldf = current->files; if (!oldf) goto out; if (clone_flags & CLONE_FILES) { atomic_inc(&oldf->count); goto out; } newf = dup_fd(oldf, NR_OPEN_MAX, &error); if (!newf) goto out; tsk->files = newf; error = 0; out: return error; } static int copy_io(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context; struct io_context *new_ioc; if (!ioc) return 0; /* * Share io context with parent, if CLONE_IO is set */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_IO) { ioc_task_link(ioc); tsk->io_context = ioc; } else if (ioprio_valid(ioc->ioprio)) { new_ioc = get_task_io_context(tsk, GFP_KERNEL, NUMA_NO_NODE); if (unlikely(!new_ioc)) return -ENOMEM; new_ioc->ioprio = ioc->ioprio; put_io_context(new_ioc); } #endif return 0; } static int copy_sighand(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct sighand_struct *sig; if (clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) { refcount_inc(&current->sighand->count); return 0; } sig = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); RCU_INIT_POINTER(tsk->sighand, sig); if (!sig) return -ENOMEM; refcount_set(&sig->count, 1); spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); memcpy(sig->action, current->sighand->action, sizeof(sig->action)); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); /* Reset all signal handler not set to SIG_IGN to SIG_DFL. */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND) flush_signal_handlers(tsk, 0); return 0; } void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *sighand) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sighand->count)) { signalfd_cleanup(sighand); /* * sighand_cachep is SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU so we can free it * without an RCU grace period, see __lock_task_sighand(). */ kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, sighand); } } /* * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a thread group. */ static void posix_cpu_timers_init_group(struct signal_struct *sig) { struct posix_cputimers *pct = &sig->posix_cputimers; unsigned long cpu_limit; cpu_limit = READ_ONCE(sig->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur); posix_cputimers_group_init(pct, cpu_limit); } static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct signal_struct *sig; if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) return 0; sig = kmem_cache_zalloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); tsk->signal = sig; if (!sig) return -ENOMEM; sig->nr_threads = 1; atomic_set(&sig->live, 1); refcount_set(&sig->sigcnt, 1); /* list_add(thread_node, thread_head) without INIT_LIST_HEAD() */ sig->thread_head = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk->thread_node); tsk->thread_node = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(sig->thread_head); init_waitqueue_head(&sig->wait_chldexit); sig->curr_target = tsk; init_sigpending(&sig->shared_pending); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sig->multiprocess); seqlock_init(&sig->stats_lock); prev_cputime_init(&sig->prev_cputime); #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->posix_timers); hrtimer_init(&sig->real_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL); sig->real_timer.function = it_real_fn; #endif task_lock(current->group_leader); memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim); task_unlock(current->group_leader); posix_cpu_timers_init_group(sig); tty_audit_fork(sig); sched_autogroup_fork(sig); sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj; sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min; mutex_init(&sig->cred_guard_mutex); init_rwsem(&sig->exec_update_lock); return 0; } static void copy_seccomp(struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP /* * Must be called with sighand->lock held, which is common to * all threads in the group. Holding cred_guard_mutex is not * needed because this new task is not yet running and cannot * be racing exec. */ assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock); /* Ref-count the new filter user, and assign it. */ get_seccomp_filter(current); p->seccomp = current->seccomp; /* * Explicitly enable no_new_privs here in case it got set * between the task_struct being duplicated and holding the * sighand lock. The seccomp state and nnp must be in sync. */ if (task_no_new_privs(current)) task_set_no_new_privs(p); /* * If the parent gained a seccomp mode after copying thread * flags and between before we held the sighand lock, we have * to manually enable the seccomp thread flag here. */ if (p->seccomp.mode != SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED) set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SECCOMP); #endif } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(set_tid_address, int __user *, tidptr) { current->clear_child_tid = tidptr; return task_pid_vnr(current); } static void rt_mutex_init_task(struct task_struct *p) { raw_spin_lock_init(&p->pi_lock); #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES p->pi_waiters = RB_ROOT_CACHED; p->pi_top_task = NULL; p->pi_blocked_on = NULL; #endif } static inline void init_task_pid_links(struct task_struct *task) { enum pid_type type; for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) { INIT_HLIST_NODE(&task->pid_links[type]); } } static inline void init_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid) { if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) task->thread_pid = pid; else task->signal->pids[type] = pid; } static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU p->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0; p->rcu_read_unlock_special.s = 0; p->rcu_blocked_node = NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_node_entry); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU p->rcu_tasks_holdout = false; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_tasks_holdout_list); p->rcu_tasks_idle_cpu = -1; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU p->trc_reader_nesting = 0; p->trc_reader_special.s = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->trc_holdout_list); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU */ } struct pid *pidfd_pid(const struct file *file) { if (file->f_op == &pidfd_fops) return file->private_data; return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } static int pidfd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct pid *pid = file->private_data; file->private_data = NULL; put_pid(pid); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS /** * pidfd_show_fdinfo - print information about a pidfd * @m: proc fdinfo file * @f: file referencing a pidfd * * Pid: * This function will print the pid that a given pidfd refers to in the * pid namespace of the procfs instance. * If the pid namespace of the process is not a descendant of the pid * namespace of the procfs instance 0 will be shown as its pid. This is * similar to calling getppid() on a process whose parent is outside of * its pid namespace. * * NSpid: * If pid namespaces are supported then this function will also print * the pid of a given pidfd refers to for all descendant pid namespaces * starting from the current pid namespace of the instance, i.e. the * Pid field and the first entry in the NSpid field will be identical. * If the pid namespace of the process is not a descendant of the pid * namespace of the procfs instance 0 will be shown as its first NSpid * entry and no others will be shown. * Note that this differs from the Pid and NSpid fields in * /proc/<pid>/status where Pid and NSpid are always shown relative to * the pid namespace of the procfs instance. The difference becomes * obvious when sending around a pidfd between pid namespaces from a * different branch of the tree, i.e. where no ancestoral relation is * present between the pid namespaces: * - create two new pid namespaces ns1 and ns2 in the initial pid * namespace (also take care to create new mount namespaces in the * new pid namespace and mount procfs) * - create a process with a pidfd in ns1 * - send pidfd from ns1 to ns2 * - read /proc/self/fdinfo/<pidfd> and observe that both Pid and NSpid * have exactly one entry, which is 0 */ static void pidfd_show_fdinfo(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f) { struct pid *pid = f->private_data; struct pid_namespace *ns; pid_t nr = -1; if (likely(pid_has_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID))) { ns = proc_pid_ns(file_inode(m->file)->i_sb); nr = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns); } seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "Pid:\t", nr); #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "\nNSpid:\t", nr); if (nr > 0) { int i; /* If nr is non-zero it means that 'pid' is valid and that * ns, i.e. the pid namespace associated with the procfs * instance, is in the pid namespace hierarchy of pid. * Start at one below the already printed level. */ for (i = ns->level + 1; i <= pid->level; i++) seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "\t", pid->numbers[i].nr); } #endif seq_putc(m, '\n'); } #endif /* * Poll support for process exit notification. */ static __poll_t pidfd_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts) { struct pid *pid = file->private_data; __poll_t poll_flags = 0; poll_wait(file, &pid->wait_pidfd, pts); /* * Inform pollers only when the whole thread group exits. * If the thread group leader exits before all other threads in the * group, then poll(2) should block, similar to the wait(2) family. */ if (thread_group_exited(pid)) poll_flags = EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; return poll_flags; } const struct file_operations pidfd_fops = { .release = pidfd_release, .poll = pidfd_poll, #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS .show_fdinfo = pidfd_show_fdinfo, #endif }; static void __delayed_free_task(struct rcu_head *rhp) { struct task_struct *tsk = container_of(rhp, struct task_struct, rcu); free_task(tsk); } static __always_inline void delayed_free_task(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEMCG)) call_rcu(&tsk->rcu, __delayed_free_task); else free_task(tsk); } static void copy_oom_score_adj(u64 clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { /* Skip if kernel thread */ if (!tsk->mm) return; /* Skip if spawning a thread or using vfork */ if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM | CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_VFORK)) != CLONE_VM) return; /* We need to synchronize with __set_oom_adj */ mutex_lock(&oom_adj_mutex); set_bit(MMF_MULTIPROCESS, &tsk->mm->flags); /* Update the values in case they were changed after copy_signal */ tsk->signal->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj; tsk->signal->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min; mutex_unlock(&oom_adj_mutex); } /* * This creates a new process as a copy of the old one, * but does not actually start it yet. * * It copies the registers, and all the appropriate * parts of the process environment (as per the clone * flags). The actual kick-off is left to the caller. */ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process( struct pid *pid, int trace, int node, struct kernel_clone_args *args) { int pidfd = -1, retval; struct task_struct *p; struct multiprocess_signals delayed; struct file *pidfile = NULL; u64 clone_flags = args->flags; struct nsproxy *nsp = current->nsproxy; /* * Don't allow sharing the root directory with processes in a different * namespace */ if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * Thread groups must share signals as well, and detached threads * can only be started up within the thread group. */ if ((clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * Shared signal handlers imply shared VM. By way of the above, * thread groups also imply shared VM. Blocking this case allows * for various simplifications in other code. */ if ((clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_VM)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * Siblings of global init remain as zombies on exit since they are * not reaped by their parent (swapper). To solve this and to avoid * multi-rooted process trees, prevent global and container-inits * from creating siblings. */ if ((clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT) && current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * If the new process will be in a different pid or user namespace * do not allow it to share a thread group with the forking task. */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) { if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER | CLONE_NEWPID)) || (task_active_pid_ns(current) != nsp->pid_ns_for_children)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } /* * If the new process will be in a different time namespace * do not allow it to share VM or a thread group with the forking task. */ if (clone_flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_VM)) { if (nsp->time_ns != nsp->time_ns_for_children) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) { /* * - CLONE_DETACHED is blocked so that we can potentially * reuse it later for CLONE_PIDFD. * - CLONE_THREAD is blocked until someone really needs it. */ if (clone_flags & (CLONE_DETACHED | CLONE_THREAD)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } /* * Force any signals received before this point to be delivered * before the fork happens. Collect up signals sent to multiple * processes that happen during the fork and delay them so that * they appear to happen after the fork. */ sigemptyset(&delayed.signal); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&delayed.node); spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)) hlist_add_head(&delayed.node, &current->signal->multiprocess); recalc_sigpending(); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR; if (signal_pending(current)) goto fork_out; retval = -ENOMEM; p = dup_task_struct(current, node); if (!p) goto fork_out; /* * This _must_ happen before we call free_task(), i.e. before we jump * to any of the bad_fork_* labels. This is to avoid freeing * p->set_child_tid which is (ab)used as a kthread's data pointer for * kernel threads (PF_KTHREAD). */ p->set_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_SETTID) ? args->child_tid : NULL; /* * Clear TID on mm_release()? */ p->clear_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID) ? args->child_tid : NULL; ftrace_graph_init_task(p); rt_mutex_init_task(p); lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->softirqs_enabled); #endif retval = -EAGAIN; if (atomic_read(&p->real_cred->user->processes) >= task_rlimit(p, RLIMIT_NPROC)) { if (p->real_cred->user != INIT_USER && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) goto bad_fork_free; } current->flags &= ~PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED; retval = copy_creds(p, clone_flags); if (retval < 0) goto bad_fork_free; /* * If multiple threads are within copy_process(), then this check * triggers too late. This doesn't hurt, the check is only there * to stop root fork bombs. */ retval = -EAGAIN; if (data_race(nr_threads >= max_threads)) goto bad_fork_cleanup_count; delayacct_tsk_init(p); /* Must remain after dup_task_struct() */ p->flags &= ~(PF_SUPERPRIV | PF_WQ_WORKER | PF_IDLE); p->flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->children); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->sibling); rcu_copy_process(p); p->vfork_done = NULL; spin_lock_init(&p->alloc_lock); init_sigpending(&p->pending); p->utime = p->stime = p->gtime = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME p->utimescaled = p->stimescaled = 0; #endif prev_cputime_init(&p->prev_cputime); #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN seqcount_init(&p->vtime.seqcount); p->vtime.starttime = 0; p->vtime.state = VTIME_INACTIVE; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IO_URING p->io_uring = NULL; #endif #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) memset(&p->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(p->rss_stat)); #endif p->default_timer_slack_ns = current->timer_slack_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI p->psi_flags = 0; #endif task_io_accounting_init(&p->ioac); acct_clear_integrals(p); posix_cputimers_init(&p->posix_cputimers); p->io_context = NULL; audit_set_context(p, NULL); cgroup_fork(p); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA p->mempolicy = mpol_dup(p->mempolicy); if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) { retval = PTR_ERR(p->mempolicy); p->mempolicy = NULL; goto bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS p->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE; p->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE; seqcount_spinlock_init(&p->mems_allowed_seq, &p->alloc_lock); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS memset(&p->irqtrace, 0, sizeof(p->irqtrace)); p->irqtrace.hardirq_disable_ip = _THIS_IP_; p->irqtrace.softirq_enable_ip = _THIS_IP_; p->softirqs_enabled = 1; p->softirq_context = 0; #endif p->pagefault_disabled = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP lockdep_init_task(p); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES p->blocked_on = NULL; /* not blocked yet */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BCACHE p->sequential_io = 0; p->sequential_io_avg = 0; #endif /* Perform scheduler related setup. Assign this task to a CPU. */ retval = sched_fork(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy; retval = perf_event_init_task(p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy; retval = audit_alloc(p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_perf; /* copy all the process information */ shm_init_task(p); retval = security_task_alloc(p, clone_flags); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_audit; retval = copy_semundo(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_security; retval = copy_files(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_semundo; retval = copy_fs(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_files; retval = copy_sighand(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_fs; retval = copy_signal(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_sighand; retval = copy_mm(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_signal; retval = copy_namespaces(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_mm; retval = copy_io(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces; retval = copy_thread(clone_flags, args->stack, args->stack_size, p, args->tls); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_io; stackleak_task_init(p); if (pid != &init_struct_pid) { pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children, args->set_tid, args->set_tid_size); if (IS_ERR(pid)) { retval = PTR_ERR(pid); goto bad_fork_cleanup_thread; } } /* * This has to happen after we've potentially unshared the file * descriptor table (so that the pidfd doesn't leak into the child * if the fd table isn't shared). */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) { retval = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC); if (retval < 0) goto bad_fork_free_pid; pidfd = retval; pidfile = anon_inode_getfile("[pidfd]", &pidfd_fops, pid, O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC); if (IS_ERR(pidfile)) { put_unused_fd(pidfd); retval = PTR_ERR(pidfile); goto bad_fork_free_pid; } get_pid(pid); /* held by pidfile now */ retval = put_user(pidfd, args->pidfd); if (retval) goto bad_fork_put_pidfd; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK p->plug = NULL; #endif futex_init_task(p); /* * sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM */ if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM|CLONE_VFORK)) == CLONE_VM) sas_ss_reset(p); /* * Syscall tracing and stepping should be turned off in the * child regardless of CLONE_PTRACE. */ user_disable_single_step(p); clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE); #ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU); #endif clear_tsk_latency_tracing(p); /* ok, now we should be set up.. */ p->pid = pid_nr(pid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) { p->group_leader = current->group_leader; p->tgid = current->tgid; } else { p->group_leader = p; p->tgid = p->pid; } p->nr_dirtied = 0; p->nr_dirtied_pause = 128 >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); p->dirty_paused_when = 0; p->pdeath_signal = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->thread_group); p->task_works = NULL; /* * Ensure that the cgroup subsystem policies allow the new process to be * forked. It should be noted that the new process's css_set can be changed * between here and cgroup_post_fork() if an organisation operation is in * progress. */ retval = cgroup_can_fork(p, args); if (retval) goto bad_fork_put_pidfd; /* * From this point on we must avoid any synchronous user-space * communication until we take the tasklist-lock. In particular, we do * not want user-space to be able to predict the process start-time by * stalling fork(2) after we recorded the start_time but before it is * visible to the system. */ p->start_time = ktime_get_ns(); p->start_boottime = ktime_get_boottime_ns(); /* * Make it visible to the rest of the system, but dont wake it up yet. * Need tasklist lock for parent etc handling! */ write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); /* CLONE_PARENT re-uses the old parent */ if (clone_flags & (CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_THREAD)) { p->real_parent = current->real_parent; p->parent_exec_id = current->parent_exec_id; if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) p->exit_signal = -1; else p->exit_signal = current->group_leader->exit_signal; } else { p->real_parent = current; p->parent_exec_id = current->self_exec_id; p->exit_signal = args->exit_signal; } klp_copy_process(p); spin_lock(&current->sighand->siglock); /* * Copy seccomp details explicitly here, in case they were changed * before holding sighand lock. */ copy_seccomp(p); rseq_fork(p, clone_flags); /* Don't start children in a dying pid namespace */ if (unlikely(!(ns_of_pid(pid)->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING))) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup; } /* Let kill terminate clone/fork in the middle */ if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { retval = -EINTR; goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup; } /* past the last point of failure */ if (pidfile) fd_install(pidfd, pidfile); init_task_pid_links(p); if (likely(p->pid)) { ptrace_init_task(p, (clone_flags & CLONE_PTRACE) || trace); init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID, pid); if (thread_group_leader(p)) { init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID, pid); init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID, task_pgrp(current)); init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, task_session(current)); if (is_child_reaper(pid)) { ns_of_pid(pid)->child_reaper = p; p->signal->flags |= SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE; } p->signal->shared_pending.signal = delayed.signal; p->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty); /* * Inherit has_child_subreaper flag under the same * tasklist_lock with adding child to the process tree * for propagate_has_child_subreaper optimization. */ p->signal->has_child_subreaper = p->real_parent->signal->has_child_subreaper || p->real_parent->signal->is_child_subreaper; list_add_tail(&p->sibling, &p->real_parent->children); list_add_tail_rcu(&p->tasks, &init_task.tasks); attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID); attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID); attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID); __this_cpu_inc(process_counts); } else { current->signal->nr_threads++; atomic_inc(&current->signal->live); refcount_inc(&current->signal->sigcnt); task_join_group_stop(p); list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_group, &p->group_leader->thread_group); list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_node, &p->signal->thread_head); } attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID); nr_threads++; } total_forks++; hlist_del_init(&delayed.node); spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock); syscall_tracepoint_update(p); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); proc_fork_connector(p); sched_post_fork(p); cgroup_post_fork(p, args); perf_event_fork(p); trace_task_newtask(p, clone_flags); uprobe_copy_process(p, clone_flags); copy_oom_score_adj(clone_flags, p); return p; bad_fork_cancel_cgroup: spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); cgroup_cancel_fork(p, args); bad_fork_put_pidfd: if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) { fput(pidfile); put_unused_fd(pidfd); } bad_fork_free_pid: if (pid != &init_struct_pid) free_pid(pid); bad_fork_cleanup_thread: exit_thread(p); bad_fork_cleanup_io: if (p->io_context) exit_io_context(p); bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces: exit_task_namespaces(p); bad_fork_cleanup_mm: if (p->mm) { mm_clear_owner(p->mm, p); mmput(p->mm); } bad_fork_cleanup_signal: if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)) free_signal_struct(p->signal); bad_fork_cleanup_sighand: __cleanup_sighand(p->sighand); bad_fork_cleanup_fs: exit_fs(p); /* blocking */ bad_fork_cleanup_files: exit_files(p); /* blocking */ bad_fork_cleanup_semundo: exit_sem(p); bad_fork_cleanup_security: security_task_free(p); bad_fork_cleanup_audit: audit_free(p); bad_fork_cleanup_perf: perf_event_free_task(p); bad_fork_cleanup_policy: lockdep_free_task(p); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA mpol_put(p->mempolicy); bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock: #endif delayacct_tsk_free(p); bad_fork_cleanup_count: atomic_dec(&p->cred->user->processes); exit_creds(p); bad_fork_free: p->state = TASK_DEAD; put_task_stack(p); delayed_free_task(p); fork_out: spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); hlist_del_init(&delayed.node); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); return ERR_PTR(retval); } static inline void init_idle_pids(struct task_struct *idle) { enum pid_type type; for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) { INIT_HLIST_NODE(&idle->pid_links[type]); /* not really needed */ init_task_pid(idle, type, &init_struct_pid); } } struct task_struct * __init fork_idle(int cpu) { struct task_struct *task; struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = CLONE_VM, }; task = copy_process(&init_struct_pid, 0, cpu_to_node(cpu), &args); if (!IS_ERR(task)) { init_idle_pids(task); init_idle(task, cpu); } return task; } struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void) { return dup_mm(NULL, &init_mm); } /* * Ok, this is the main fork-routine. * * It copies the process, and if successful kick-starts * it and waits for it to finish using the VM if required. * * args->exit_signal is expected to be checked for sanity by the caller. */ pid_t kernel_clone(struct kernel_clone_args *args) { u64 clone_flags = args->flags; struct completion vfork; struct pid *pid; struct task_struct *p; int trace = 0; pid_t nr; /* * For legacy clone() calls, CLONE_PIDFD uses the parent_tid argument * to return the pidfd. Hence, CLONE_PIDFD and CLONE_PARENT_SETTID are * mutually exclusive. With clone3() CLONE_PIDFD has grown a separate * field in struct clone_args and it still doesn't make sense to have * them both point at the same memory location. Performing this check * here has the advantage that we don't need to have a separate helper * to check for legacy clone(). */ if ((args->flags & CLONE_PIDFD) && (args->flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID) && (args->pidfd == args->parent_tid)) return -EINVAL; /* * Determine whether and which event to report to ptracer. When * called from kernel_thread or CLONE_UNTRACED is explicitly * requested, no event is reported; otherwise, report if the event * for the type of forking is enabled. */ if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_UNTRACED)) { if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) trace = PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK; else if (args->exit_signal != SIGCHLD) trace = PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE; else trace = PTRACE_EVENT_FORK; if (likely(!ptrace_event_enabled(current, trace))) trace = 0; } p = copy_process(NULL, trace, NUMA_NO_NODE, args); add_latent_entropy(); if (IS_ERR(p)) return PTR_ERR(p); /* * Do this prior waking up the new thread - the thread pointer * might get invalid after that point, if the thread exits quickly. */ trace_sched_process_fork(current, p); pid = get_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID); nr = pid_vnr(pid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID) put_user(nr, args->parent_tid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) { p->vfork_done = &vfork; init_completion(&vfork); get_task_struct(p); } wake_up_new_task(p); /* forking complete and child started to run, tell ptracer */ if (unlikely(trace)) ptrace_event_pid(trace, pid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) { if (!wait_for_vfork_done(p, &vfork)) ptrace_event_pid(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE, pid); } put_pid(pid); return nr; } /* * Create a kernel thread. */ pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags) { struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = ((lower_32_bits(flags) | CLONE_VM | CLONE_UNTRACED) & ~CSIGNAL), .exit_signal = (lower_32_bits(flags) & CSIGNAL), .stack = (unsigned long)fn, .stack_size = (unsigned long)arg, }; return kernel_clone(&args); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_FORK SYSCALL_DEFINE0(fork) { #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct kernel_clone_args args = { .exit_signal = SIGCHLD, }; return kernel_clone(&args); #else /* can not support in nommu mode */ return -EINVAL; #endif } #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_VFORK SYSCALL_DEFINE0(vfork) { struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM, .exit_signal = SIGCHLD, }; return kernel_clone(&args); } #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE #ifdef CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp, int __user *, parent_tidptr, unsigned long, tls, int __user *, child_tidptr) #elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS2) SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, newsp, unsigned long, clone_flags, int __user *, parent_tidptr, int __user *, child_tidptr, unsigned long, tls) #elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS3) SYSCALL_DEFINE6(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp, int, stack_size, int __user *, parent_tidptr, int __user *, child_tidptr, unsigned long, tls) #else SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp, int __user *, parent_tidptr, int __user *, child_tidptr, unsigned long, tls) #endif { struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = (lower_32_bits(clone_flags) & ~CSIGNAL), .pidfd = parent_tidptr, .child_tid = child_tidptr, .parent_tid = parent_tidptr, .exit_signal = (lower_32_bits(clone_flags) & CSIGNAL), .stack = newsp, .tls = tls, }; return kernel_clone(&args); } #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE3 noinline static int copy_clone_args_from_user(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs, struct clone_args __user *uargs, size_t usize) { int err; struct clone_args args; pid_t *kset_tid = kargs->set_tid; BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(struct clone_args, tls) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER0); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(struct clone_args, set_tid_size) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER1); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(struct clone_args, cgroup) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER2); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct clone_args) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER2); if (unlikely(usize > PAGE_SIZE)) return -E2BIG; if (unlikely(usize < CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER0)) return -EINVAL; err = copy_struct_from_user(&args, sizeof(args), uargs, usize); if (err) return err; if (unlikely(args.set_tid_size > MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL)) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(!args.set_tid && args.set_tid_size > 0)) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(args.set_tid && args.set_tid_size == 0)) return -EINVAL; /* * Verify that higher 32bits of exit_signal are unset and that * it is a valid signal */ if (unlikely((args.exit_signal & ~((u64)CSIGNAL)) || !valid_signal(args.exit_signal))) return -EINVAL; if ((args.flags & CLONE_INTO_CGROUP) && (args.cgroup > INT_MAX || usize < CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER2)) return -EINVAL; *kargs = (struct kernel_clone_args){ .flags = args.flags, .pidfd = u64_to_user_ptr(args.pidfd), .child_tid = u64_to_user_ptr(args.child_tid), .parent_tid = u64_to_user_ptr(args.parent_tid), .exit_signal = args.exit_signal, .stack = args.stack, .stack_size = args.stack_size, .tls = args.tls, .set_tid_size = args.set_tid_size, .cgroup = args.cgroup, }; if (args.set_tid && copy_from_user(kset_tid, u64_to_user_ptr(args.set_tid), (kargs->set_tid_size * sizeof(pid_t)))) return -EFAULT; kargs->set_tid = kset_tid; return 0; } /** * clone3_stack_valid - check and prepare stack * @kargs: kernel clone args * * Verify that the stack arguments userspace gave us are sane. * In addition, set the stack direction for userspace since it's easy for us to * determine. */ static inline bool clone3_stack_valid(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) { if (kargs->stack == 0) { if (kargs->stack_size > 0) return false; } else { if (kargs->stack_size == 0) return false; if (!access_ok((void __user *)kargs->stack, kargs->stack_size)) return false; #if !defined(CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP) && !defined(CONFIG_IA64) kargs->stack += kargs->stack_size; #endif } return true; } static bool clone3_args_valid(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) { /* Verify that no unknown flags are passed along. */ if (kargs->flags & ~(CLONE_LEGACY_FLAGS | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND | CLONE_INTO_CGROUP)) return false; /* * - make the CLONE_DETACHED bit reuseable for clone3 * - make the CSIGNAL bits reuseable for clone3 */ if (kargs->flags & (CLONE_DETACHED | CSIGNAL)) return false; if ((kargs->flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND)) == (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND)) return false; if ((kargs->flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_PARENT)) && kargs->exit_signal) return false; if (!clone3_stack_valid(kargs)) return false; return true; } /** * clone3 - create a new process with specific properties * @uargs: argument structure * @size: size of @uargs * * clone3() is the extensible successor to clone()/clone2(). * It takes a struct as argument that is versioned by its size. * * Return: On success, a positive PID for the child process. * On error, a negative errno number. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(clone3, struct clone_args __user *, uargs, size_t, size) { int err; struct kernel_clone_args kargs; pid_t set_tid[MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL]; kargs.set_tid = set_tid; err = copy_clone_args_from_user(&kargs, uargs, size); if (err) return err; if (!clone3_args_valid(&kargs)) return -EINVAL; return kernel_clone(&kargs); } #endif void walk_process_tree(struct task_struct *top, proc_visitor visitor, void *data) { struct task_struct *leader, *parent, *child; int res; read_lock(&tasklist_lock); leader = top = top->group_leader; down: for_each_thread(leader, parent) { list_for_each_entry(child, &parent->children, sibling) { res = visitor(child, data); if (res) { if (res < 0) goto out; leader = child; goto down; } up: ; } } if (leader != top) { child = leader; parent = child->real_parent; leader = parent->group_leader; goto up; } out: read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); } #ifndef ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN #define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0 #endif static void sighand_ctor(void *data) { struct sighand_struct *sighand = data; spin_lock_init(&sighand->siglock); init_waitqueue_head(&sighand->signalfd_wqh); } void __init proc_caches_init(void) { unsigned int mm_size; sighand_cachep = kmem_cache_create("sighand_cache", sizeof(struct sighand_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU| SLAB_ACCOUNT, sighand_ctor); signal_cachep = kmem_cache_create("signal_cache", sizeof(struct signal_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); files_cachep = kmem_cache_create("files_cache", sizeof(struct files_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); fs_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fs_cache", sizeof(struct fs_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); /* * The mm_cpumask is located at the end of mm_struct, and is * dynamically sized based on the maximum CPU number this system * can have, taking hotplug into account (nr_cpu_ids). */ mm_size = sizeof(struct mm_struct) + cpumask_size(); mm_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("mm_struct", mm_size, ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, offsetof(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv), sizeof_field(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv), NULL); vm_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vm_area_struct, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT); mmap_init(); nsproxy_cache_init(); } /* * Check constraints on flags passed to the unshare system call. */ static int check_unshare_flags(unsigned long unshare_flags) { if (unshare_flags & ~(CLONE_THREAD|CLONE_FS|CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_SIGHAND| CLONE_VM|CLONE_FILES|CLONE_SYSVSEM| CLONE_NEWUTS|CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_NEWNET| CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_NEWPID|CLONE_NEWCGROUP| CLONE_NEWTIME)) return -EINVAL; /* * Not implemented, but pretend it works if there is nothing * to unshare. Note that unsharing the address space or the * signal handlers also need to unshare the signal queues (aka * CLONE_THREAD). */ if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) { if (!thread_group_empty(current)) return -EINVAL; } if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) { if (refcount_read(&current->sighand->count) > 1) return -EINVAL; } if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) { if (!current_is_single_threaded()) return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * Unshare the filesystem structure if it is being shared */ static int unshare_fs(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct fs_struct **new_fsp) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; if (!(unshare_flags & CLONE_FS) || !fs) return 0; /* don't need lock here; in the worst case we'll do useless copy */ if (fs->users == 1) return 0; *new_fsp = copy_fs_struct(fs); if (!*new_fsp) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } /* * Unshare file descriptor table if it is being shared */ int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, unsigned int max_fds, struct files_struct **new_fdp) { struct files_struct *fd = current->files; int error = 0; if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_FILES) && (fd && atomic_read(&fd->count) > 1)) { *new_fdp = dup_fd(fd, max_fds, &error); if (!*new_fdp) return error; } return 0; } /* * unshare allows a process to 'unshare' part of the process * context which was originally shared using clone. copy_* * functions used by kernel_clone() cannot be used here directly * because they modify an inactive task_struct that is being * constructed. Here we are modifying the current, active, * task_struct. */ int ksys_unshare(unsigned long unshare_flags) { struct fs_struct *fs, *new_fs = NULL; struct files_struct *fd, *new_fd = NULL; struct cred *new_cred = NULL; struct nsproxy *new_nsproxy = NULL; int do_sysvsem = 0; int err; /* * If unsharing a user namespace must also unshare the thread group * and unshare the filesystem root and working directories. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_FS; /* * If unsharing vm, must also unshare signal handlers. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) unshare_flags |= CLONE_SIGHAND; /* * If unsharing a signal handlers, must also unshare the signal queues. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD; /* * If unsharing namespace, must also unshare filesystem information. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWNS) unshare_flags |= CLONE_FS; err = check_unshare_flags(unshare_flags); if (err) goto bad_unshare_out; /* * CLONE_NEWIPC must also detach from the undolist: after switching * to a new ipc namespace, the semaphore arrays from the old * namespace are unreachable. */ if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_SYSVSEM)) do_sysvsem = 1; err = unshare_fs(unshare_flags, &new_fs); if (err) goto bad_unshare_out; err = unshare_fd(unshare_flags, NR_OPEN_MAX, &new_fd); if (err) goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fs; err = unshare_userns(unshare_flags, &new_cred); if (err) goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fd; err = unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unshare_flags, &new_nsproxy, new_cred, new_fs); if (err) goto bad_unshare_cleanup_cred; if (new_fs || new_fd || do_sysvsem || new_cred || new_nsproxy) { if (do_sysvsem) { /* * CLONE_SYSVSEM is equivalent to sys_exit(). */ exit_sem(current); } if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWIPC) { /* Orphan segments in old ns (see sem above). */ exit_shm(current); shm_init_task(current); } if (new_nsproxy) switch_task_namespaces(current, new_nsproxy); task_lock(current); if (new_fs) { fs = current->fs; spin_lock(&fs->lock); current->fs = new_fs; if (--fs->users) new_fs = NULL; else new_fs = fs; spin_unlock(&fs->lock); } if (new_fd) { fd = current->files; current->files = new_fd; new_fd = fd; } task_unlock(current); if (new_cred) { /* Install the new user namespace */ commit_creds(new_cred); new_cred = NULL; } } perf_event_namespaces(current); bad_unshare_cleanup_cred: if (new_cred) put_cred(new_cred); bad_unshare_cleanup_fd: if (new_fd) put_files_struct(new_fd); bad_unshare_cleanup_fs: if (new_fs) free_fs_struct(new_fs); bad_unshare_out: return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unshare, unsigned long, unshare_flags) { return ksys_unshare(unshare_flags); } /* * Helper to unshare the files of the current task. * We don't want to expose copy_files internals to * the exec layer of the kernel. */ int unshare_files(struct files_struct **displaced) { struct task_struct *task = current; struct files_struct *copy = NULL; int error; error = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, NR_OPEN_MAX, &copy); if (error || !copy) { *displaced = NULL; return error; } *displaced = task->files; task_lock(task); task->files = copy; task_unlock(task); return 0; } int sysctl_max_threads(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { struct ctl_table t; int ret; int threads = max_threads; int min = 1; int max = MAX_THREADS; t = *table; t.data = &threads; t.extra1 = &min; t.extra2 = &max; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || !write) return ret; max_threads = threads; return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM kmem #if !defined(_TRACE_KMEM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_KMEM_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmalloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmem_cache_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, node ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->node = node; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s node=%d", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmalloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmem_cache_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kfree, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kmem_cache_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order), TP_ARGS(page, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free_batched, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=0", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, gfp_flags, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%u migratetype=%d percpu_refill=%d", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, __entry->order == 0) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_page, mm_page_alloc_zone_locked, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_pcpu_drain, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc_extfrag, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, int alloc_order, int fallback_order, int alloc_migratetype, int fallback_migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, alloc_order, fallback_order, alloc_migratetype, fallback_migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( int, alloc_order ) __field( int, fallback_order ) __field( int, alloc_migratetype ) __field( int, fallback_migratetype ) __field( int, change_ownership ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->alloc_order = alloc_order; __entry->fallback_order = fallback_order; __entry->alloc_migratetype = alloc_migratetype; __entry->fallback_migratetype = fallback_migratetype; __entry->change_ownership = (alloc_migratetype == get_pageblock_migratetype(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu alloc_order=%d fallback_order=%d pageblock_order=%d alloc_migratetype=%d fallback_migratetype=%d fragmenting=%d change_ownership=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->alloc_order, __entry->fallback_order, pageblock_order, __entry->alloc_migratetype, __entry->fallback_migratetype, __entry->fallback_order < pageblock_order, __entry->change_ownership) ); /* * Required for uniquely and securely identifying mm in rss_stat tracepoint. */ #ifndef __PTR_TO_HASHVAL static unsigned int __maybe_unused mm_ptr_to_hash(const void *ptr) { int ret; unsigned long hashval; ret = ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) return 0; /* The hashed value is only 32-bit */ return (unsigned int)hashval; } #define __PTR_TO_HASHVAL #endif TRACE_EVENT(rss_stat, TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count), TP_ARGS(mm, member, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, mm_id) __field(unsigned int, curr) __field(int, member) __field(long, size) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->mm_id = mm_ptr_to_hash(mm); __entry->curr = !!(current->mm == mm); __entry->member = member; __entry->size = (count << PAGE_SHIFT); ), TP_printk("mm_id=%u curr=%d member=%d size=%ldB", __entry->mm_id, __entry->curr, __entry->member, __entry->size) ); #endif /* _TRACE_KMEM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #define _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/sched.h> struct mnt_namespace; struct uts_namespace; struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; struct cgroup_namespace; struct fs_struct; /* * A structure to contain pointers to all per-process * namespaces - fs (mount), uts, network, sysvipc, etc. * * The pid namespace is an exception -- it's accessed using * task_active_pid_ns. The pid namespace here is the * namespace that children will use. * * 'count' is the number of tasks holding a reference. * The count for each namespace, then, will be the number * of nsproxies pointing to it, not the number of tasks. * * The nsproxy is shared by tasks which share all namespaces. * As soon as a single namespace is cloned or unshared, the * nsproxy is copied. */ struct nsproxy { atomic_t count; struct uts_namespace *uts_ns; struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; struct pid_namespace *pid_ns_for_children; struct net *net_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns_for_children; struct cgroup_namespace *cgroup_ns; }; extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy; /* * A structure to encompass all bits needed to install * a partial or complete new set of namespaces. * * If a new user namespace is requested cred will * point to a modifiable set of credentials. If a pointer * to a modifiable set is needed nsset_cred() must be * used and tested. */ struct nsset { unsigned flags; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs; const struct cred *cred; }; static inline struct cred *nsset_cred(struct nsset *set) { if (set->flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return (struct cred *)set->cred; return NULL; } /* * the namespaces access rules are: * * 1. only current task is allowed to change tsk->nsproxy pointer or * any pointer on the nsproxy itself. Current must hold the task_lock * when changing tsk->nsproxy. * * 2. when accessing (i.e. reading) current task's namespaces - no * precautions should be taken - just dereference the pointers * * 3. the access to other task namespaces is performed like this * task_lock(task); * nsproxy = task->nsproxy; * if (nsproxy != NULL) { * / * * * work with the namespaces here * * e.g. get the reference on one of them * * / * } / * * * NULL task->nsproxy means that this task is * * almost dead (zombie) * * / * task_unlock(task); * */ int copy_namespaces(unsigned long flags, struct task_struct *tsk); void exit_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk); void switch_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk, struct nsproxy *new); void free_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns); int unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unsigned long, struct nsproxy **, struct cred *, struct fs_struct *); int __init nsproxy_cache_init(void); static inline void put_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) { free_nsproxy(ns); } } static inline void get_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/buffer_head.h * * Everything to do with buffer_heads. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #define _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK enum bh_state_bits { BH_Uptodate, /* Contains valid data */ BH_Dirty, /* Is dirty */ BH_Lock, /* Is locked */ BH_Req, /* Has been submitted for I/O */ BH_Mapped, /* Has a disk mapping */ BH_New, /* Disk mapping was newly created by get_block */ BH_Async_Read, /* Is under end_buffer_async_read I/O */ BH_Async_Write, /* Is under end_buffer_async_write I/O */ BH_Delay, /* Buffer is not yet allocated on disk */ BH_Boundary, /* Block is followed by a discontiguity */ BH_Write_EIO, /* I/O error on write */ BH_Unwritten, /* Buffer is allocated on disk but not written */ BH_Quiet, /* Buffer Error Prinks to be quiet */ BH_Meta, /* Buffer contains metadata */ BH_Prio, /* Buffer should be submitted with REQ_PRIO */ BH_Defer_Completion, /* Defer AIO completion to workqueue */ BH_PrivateStart,/* not a state bit, but the first bit available * for private allocation by other entities */ }; #define MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE / 512) struct page; struct buffer_head; struct address_space; typedef void (bh_end_io_t)(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* * Historically, a buffer_head was used to map a single block * within a page, and of course as the unit of I/O through the * filesystem and block layers. Nowadays the basic I/O unit * is the bio, and buffer_heads are used for extracting block * mappings (via a get_block_t call), for tracking state within * a page (via a page_mapping) and for wrapping bio submission * for backward compatibility reasons (e.g. submit_bh). */ struct buffer_head { unsigned long b_state; /* buffer state bitmap (see above) */ struct buffer_head *b_this_page;/* circular list of page's buffers */ struct page *b_page; /* the page this bh is mapped to */ sector_t b_blocknr; /* start block number */ size_t b_size; /* size of mapping */ char *b_data; /* pointer to data within the page */ struct block_device *b_bdev; bh_end_io_t *b_end_io; /* I/O completion */ void *b_private; /* reserved for b_end_io */ struct list_head b_assoc_buffers; /* associated with another mapping */ struct address_space *b_assoc_map; /* mapping this buffer is associated with */ atomic_t b_count; /* users using this buffer_head */ spinlock_t b_uptodate_lock; /* Used by the first bh in a page, to * serialise IO completion of other * buffers in the page */ }; /* * macro tricks to expand the set_buffer_foo(), clear_buffer_foo() * and buffer_foo() functions. * To avoid reset buffer flags that are already set, because that causes * a costly cache line transition, check the flag first. */ #define BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline void set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ if (!test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state)) \ set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline void clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int buffer_##name(const struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } /* * test_set_buffer_foo() and test_clear_buffer_foo() */ #define TAS_BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline int test_set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int test_clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ /* * Emit the buffer bitops functions. Note that there are also functions * of the form "mark_buffer_foo()". These are higher-level functions which * do something in addition to setting a b_state bit. */ BUFFER_FNS(Uptodate, uptodate) BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) BUFFER_FNS(Lock, locked) BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) BUFFER_FNS(Mapped, mapped) BUFFER_FNS(New, new) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Read, async_read) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Write, async_write) BUFFER_FNS(Delay, delay) BUFFER_FNS(Boundary, boundary) BUFFER_FNS(Write_EIO, write_io_error) BUFFER_FNS(Unwritten, unwritten) BUFFER_FNS(Meta, meta) BUFFER_FNS(Prio, prio) BUFFER_FNS(Defer_Completion, defer_completion) #define bh_offset(bh) ((unsigned long)(bh)->b_data & ~PAGE_MASK) /* If we *know* page->private refers to buffer_heads */ #define page_buffers(page) \ ({ \ BUG_ON(!PagePrivate(page)); \ ((struct buffer_head *)page_private(page)); \ }) #define page_has_buffers(page) PagePrivate(page) void buffer_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback); /* * Declarations */ void mark_buffer_dirty(struct buffer_head *bh); void mark_buffer_write_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh); void touch_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void set_bh_page(struct buffer_head *bh, struct page *page, unsigned long offset); int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *); struct buffer_head *alloc_page_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned long size, bool retry); void create_empty_buffers(struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long b_state); void end_buffer_read_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_write_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* Things to do with buffers at mapping->private_list */ void mark_buffer_dirty_inode(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *inode); int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *); void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *); int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode); int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping); void clean_bdev_aliases(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, sector_t len); static inline void clean_bdev_bh_alias(struct buffer_head *bh) { clean_bdev_aliases(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr, 1); } void mark_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh); void __wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *); wait_queue_head_t *bh_waitq_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct buffer_head *__find_get_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size); struct buffer_head *__getblk_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void __brelse(struct buffer_head *); void __bforget(struct buffer_head *); void __breadahead(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size); void __breadahead_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp); struct buffer_head *__bread_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void invalidate_bh_lrus(void); struct buffer_head *alloc_buffer_head(gfp_t gfp_flags); void free_buffer_head(struct buffer_head * bh); void unlock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void __lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void ll_rw_block(int, int, int, struct buffer_head * bh[]); int sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); int __sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); void write_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); int submit_bh(int, int, struct buffer_head *); void write_boundary_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t bblock, unsigned blocksize); int bh_uptodate_or_lock(struct buffer_head *bh); int bh_submit_read(struct buffer_head *bh); extern int buffer_heads_over_limit; /* * Generic address_space_operations implementations for buffer_head-backed * address_spaces. */ void block_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); int block_write_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc, bh_end_io_t *handler); int block_read_full_page(struct page*, get_block_t*); int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, unsigned long from, unsigned long count); int block_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, get_block_t *get_block); int __block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block); int block_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int generic_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); void page_zero_new_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); void clean_page_buffers(struct page *page); int cont_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t *, loff_t *); int generic_cont_expand_simple(struct inode *inode, loff_t size); int block_commit_write(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); int block_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf, get_block_t get_block); /* Convert errno to return value from ->page_mkwrite() call */ static inline vm_fault_t block_page_mkwrite_return(int err) { if (err == 0) return VM_FAULT_LOCKED; if (err == -EFAULT || err == -EAGAIN) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* -ENOSPC, -EDQUOT, -EIO ... */ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } sector_t generic_block_bmap(struct address_space *, sector_t, get_block_t *); int block_truncate_page(struct address_space *