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On the other hand * unaligned DMA can be quite expensive on some Nehalem processors. * * Based on this we disable the IP header alignment in network drivers. */ #define NET_IP_ALIGN 0 #define HBP_NUM 4 /* * These alignment constraints are for performance in the vSMP case, * but in the task_struct case we must also meet hardware imposed * alignment requirements of the FPU state: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VSMP # define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN (1 << INTERNODE_CACHE_SHIFT) # define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN (1 << INTERNODE_CACHE_SHIFT) #else # define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN __alignof__(union fpregs_state) # define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0 #endif enum tlb_infos { ENTRIES, NR_INFO }; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4k[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_2m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4k[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_2m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_1g[NR_INFO]; /* * CPU type and hardware bug flags. Kept separately for each CPU. * Members of this structure are referenced in head_32.S, so think twice * before touching them. [mj] */ struct cpuinfo_x86 { __u8 x86; /* CPU family */ __u8 x86_vendor; /* CPU vendor */ __u8 x86_model; __u8 x86_stepping; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Number of 4K pages in DTLB/ITLB combined(in pages): */ int x86_tlbsize; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VMX_FEATURE_NAMES __u32 vmx_capability[NVMXINTS]; #endif __u8 x86_virt_bits; __u8 x86_phys_bits; /* CPUID returned core id bits: */ __u8 x86_coreid_bits; __u8 cu_id; /* Max extended CPUID function supported: */ __u32 extended_cpuid_level; /* Maximum supported CPUID level, -1=no CPUID: */ int cpuid_level; /* * Align to size of unsigned long because the x86_capability array * is passed to bitops which require the alignment. Use unnamed * union to enforce the array is aligned to size of unsigned long. */ union { __u32 x86_capability[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; unsigned long x86_capability_alignment; }; char x86_vendor_id[16]; char x86_model_id[64]; /* in KB - valid for CPUS which support this call: */ unsigned int x86_cache_size; int x86_cache_alignment; /* In bytes */ /* Cache QoS architectural values, valid only on the BSP: */ int x86_cache_max_rmid; /* max index */ int x86_cache_occ_scale; /* scale to bytes */ int x86_cache_mbm_width_offset; int x86_power; unsigned long loops_per_jiffy; /* cpuid returned max cores value: */ u16 x86_max_cores; u16 apicid; u16 initial_apicid; u16 x86_clflush_size; /* number of cores as seen by the OS: */ u16 booted_cores; /* Physical processor id: */ u16 phys_proc_id; /* Logical processor id: */ u16 logical_proc_id; /* Core id: */ u16 cpu_core_id; u16 cpu_die_id; u16 logical_die_id; /* Index into per_cpu list: */ u16 cpu_index; u32 microcode; /* Address space bits used by the cache internally */ u8 x86_cache_bits; unsigned initialized : 1; } __randomize_layout; struct cpuid_regs { u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx; }; enum cpuid_regs_idx { CPUID_EAX = 0, CPUID_EBX, CPUID_ECX, CPUID_EDX, }; #define X86_VENDOR_INTEL 0 #define X86_VENDOR_CYRIX 1 #define X86_VENDOR_AMD 2 #define X86_VENDOR_UMC 3 #define X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR 5 #define X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA 7 #define X86_VENDOR_NSC 8 #define X86_VENDOR_HYGON 9 #define X86_VENDOR_ZHAOXIN 10 #define X86_VENDOR_NUM 11 #define X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN 0xff /* * capabilities of CPUs */ extern struct cpuinfo_x86 boot_cpu_data; extern struct cpuinfo_x86 new_cpu_data; extern __u32 cpu_caps_cleared[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; extern __u32 cpu_caps_set[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(struct cpuinfo_x86, cpu_info); #define cpu_data(cpu) per_cpu(cpu_info, cpu) #else #define cpu_info boot_cpu_data #define cpu_data(cpu) boot_cpu_data #endif extern const struct seq_operations cpuinfo_op; #define cache_line_size() (boot_cpu_data.x86_cache_alignment) extern void cpu_detect(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); static inline unsigned long long l1tf_pfn_limit(void) { return BIT_ULL(boot_cpu_data.x86_cache_bits - 1 - PAGE_SHIFT); } extern void early_cpu_init(void); extern void identify_boot_cpu(void); extern void identify_secondary_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); extern void print_cpu_info(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); void print_cpu_msr(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int have_cpuid_p(void); #else static inline int have_cpuid_p(void) { return 1; } #endif static inline void native_cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { /* ecx is often an input as well as an output. */ asm volatile("cpuid" : "=a" (*eax), "=b" (*ebx), "=c" (*ecx), "=d" (*edx) : "0" (*eax), "2" (*ecx) : "memory"); } #define native_cpuid_reg(reg) \ static inline unsigned int native_cpuid_##reg(unsigned int op) \ { \ unsigned int eax = op, ebx, ecx = 0, edx; \ \ native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); \ \ return reg; \ } /* * Native CPUID functions returning a single datum. */ native_cpuid_reg(eax) native_cpuid_reg(ebx) native_cpuid_reg(ecx) native_cpuid_reg(edx) /* * Friendlier CR3 helpers. */ static inline unsigned long read_cr3_pa(void) { return __read_cr3() & CR3_ADDR_MASK; } static inline unsigned long native_read_cr3_pa(void) { return __native_read_cr3() & CR3_ADDR_MASK; } static inline void load_cr3(pgd_t *pgdir) { write_cr3(__sme_pa(pgdir)); } /* * Note that while the legacy 'TSS' name comes from 'Task State Segment', * on modern x86 CPUs the TSS also holds information important to 64-bit mode, * unrelated to the task-switch mechanism: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* This is the TSS defined by the hardware. */ struct x86_hw_tss { unsigned short back_link, __blh; unsigned long sp0; unsigned short ss0, __ss0h; unsigned long sp1; /* * We don't use ring 1, so ss1 is a convenient scratch space in * the same cacheline as sp0. We use ss1 to cache the value in * MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS. When we context switch * MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, we first check if the new value being * written matches ss1, and, if it's not, then we wrmsr the new * value and update ss1. * * The only reason we context switch MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS is * that we set it to zero in vm86 tasks to avoid corrupting the * stack if we were to go through the sysenter path from vm86 * mode. */ unsigned short ss1; /* MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS */ unsigned short __ss1h; unsigned long sp2; unsigned short ss2, __ss2h; unsigned long __cr3; unsigned long ip; unsigned long flags; unsigned long ax; unsigned long cx; unsigned long dx; unsigned long bx; unsigned long sp; unsigned long bp; unsigned long si; unsigned long di; unsigned short es, __esh; unsigned short cs, __csh; unsigned short ss, __ssh; unsigned short ds, __dsh; unsigned short fs, __fsh; unsigned short gs, __gsh; unsigned short ldt, __ldth; unsigned short trace; unsigned short io_bitmap_base; } __attribute__((packed)); #else struct x86_hw_tss { u32 reserved1; u64 sp0; /* * We store cpu_current_top_of_stack in sp1 so it's always accessible. * Linux does not use ring 1, so sp1 is not otherwise needed. */ u64 sp1; /* * Since Linux does not use ring 2, the 'sp2' slot is unused by * hardware. entry_SYSCALL_64 uses it as scratch space to stash * the user RSP value. */ u64 sp2; u64 reserved2; u64 ist[7]; u32 reserved3; u32 reserved4; u16 reserved5; u16 io_bitmap_base; } __attribute__((packed)); #endif /* * IO-bitmap sizes: */ #define IO_BITMAP_BITS 65536 #define IO_BITMAP_BYTES (IO_BITMAP_BITS / BITS_PER_BYTE) #define IO_BITMAP_LONGS (IO_BITMAP_BYTES / sizeof(long)) #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_MAP \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, io_bitmap.bitmap) - \ offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss)) #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_ALL \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, io_bitmap.mapall) - \ offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss)) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM /* * sizeof(unsigned long) coming from an extra "long" at the end of the * iobitmap. The limit is inclusive, i.e. the last valid byte. */ # define __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT \ (IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_ALL + IO_BITMAP_BYTES + \ sizeof(unsigned long) - 1) #else # define __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss) + sizeof(struct x86_hw_tss) - 1) #endif /* Base offset outside of TSS_LIMIT so unpriviledged IO causes #GP */ #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_INVALID (__KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT + 1) struct entry_stack { char stack[PAGE_SIZE]; }; struct entry_stack_page { struct entry_stack stack; } __aligned(PAGE_SIZE); /* * All IO bitmap related data stored in the TSS: */ struct x86_io_bitmap { /* The sequence number of the last active bitmap. */ u64 prev_sequence; /* * Store the dirty size of the last io bitmap offender. The next * one will have to do the cleanup as the switch out to a non io * bitmap user will just set x86_tss.io_bitmap_base to a value * outside of the TSS limit. So for sane tasks there is no need to * actually touch the io_bitmap at all. */ unsigned int prev_max; /* * The extra 1 is there because the CPU will access an * additional byte beyond the end of the IO permission * bitmap. The extra byte must be all 1 bits, and must * be within the limit. */ unsigned long bitmap[IO_BITMAP_LONGS + 1]; /* * Special I/O bitmap to emulate IOPL(3). All bytes zero, * except the additional byte at the end. */ unsigned long mapall[IO_BITMAP_LONGS + 1]; }; struct tss_struct { /* * The fixed hardware portion. This must not cross a page boundary * at risk of violating the SDM's advice and potentially triggering * errata. */ struct x86_hw_tss x86_tss; struct x86_io_bitmap io_bitmap; } __aligned(PAGE_SIZE); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct tss_struct, cpu_tss_rw); /* Per CPU interrupt stacks */ struct irq_stack { char stack[IRQ_STACK_SIZE]; } __aligned(IRQ_STACK_SIZE); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct irq_stack *, hardirq_stack_ptr); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_current_top_of_stack); #else /* The RO copy can't be accessed with this_cpu_xyz(), so use the RW copy. */ #define cpu_current_top_of_stack cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp1 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 struct fixed_percpu_data { /* * GCC hardcodes the stack canary as %gs:40. Since the * irq_stack is the object at %gs:0, we reserve the bottom * 48 bytes of the irq stack for the canary. */ char gs_base[40]; unsigned long stack_canary; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU_FIRST(struct fixed_percpu_data, fixed_percpu_data) __visible; DECLARE_INIT_PER_CPU(fixed_percpu_data); static inline unsigned long cpu_kernelmode_gs_base(int cpu) { return (unsigned long)per_cpu(fixed_percpu_data.gs_base, cpu); } DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, irq_count); extern asmlinkage void ignore_sysret(void); /* Save actual FS/GS selectors and bases to current->thread */ void current_save_fsgs(void); #else /* X86_64 */ #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* * Make sure stack canary segment base is cached-aligned: * "For Intel Atom processors, avoid non zero segment base address * that is not aligned to cache line boundary at all cost." * (Optim Ref Manual Assembly/Compiler Coding Rule 15.) */ struct stack_canary { char __pad[20]; /* canary at %gs:20 */ unsigned long canary; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU_ALIGNED(struct stack_canary, stack_canary); #endif /* Per CPU softirq stack pointer */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct irq_stack *, softirq_stack_ptr); #endif /* X86_64 */ extern unsigned int fpu_kernel_xstate_size; extern unsigned int fpu_user_xstate_size; struct perf_event; struct thread_struct { /* Cached TLS descriptors: */ struct desc_struct tls_array[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES]; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 unsigned long sp0; #endif unsigned long sp; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 unsigned long sysenter_cs; #else unsigned short es; unsigned short ds; unsigned short fsindex; unsigned short gsindex; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 unsigned long fsbase; unsigned long gsbase; #else /* * XXX: this could presumably be unsigned short. Alternatively, * 32-bit kernels could be taught to use fsindex instead. */ unsigned long fs; unsigned long gs; #endif /* Save middle states of ptrace breakpoints */ struct perf_event *ptrace_bps[HBP_NUM]; /* Debug status used for traps, single steps, etc... */ unsigned long virtual_dr6; /* Keep track of the exact dr7 value set by the user */ unsigned long ptrace_dr7; /* Fault info: */ unsigned long cr2; unsigned long trap_nr; unsigned long error_code; #ifdef CONFIG_VM86 /* Virtual 86 mode info */ struct vm86 *vm86; #endif /* IO permissions: */ struct io_bitmap *io_bitmap; /* * IOPL. Priviledge level dependent I/O permission which is * emulated via the I/O bitmap to prevent user space from disabling * interrupts. */ unsigned long iopl_emul; unsigned int sig_on_uaccess_err:1; /* Floating point and extended processor state */ struct fpu fpu; /* * WARNING: 'fpu' is dynamically-sized. It *MUST* be at * the end. */ }; /* Whitelist the FPU state from the task_struct for hardened usercopy. */ static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { *offset = offsetof(struct thread_struct, fpu.state); *size = fpu_kernel_xstate_size; } static inline void native_load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { this_cpu_write(cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp0, sp0); } static __always_inline void native_swapgs(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 asm volatile("swapgs" ::: "memory"); #endif } static inline unsigned long current_top_of_stack(void) { /* * We can't read directly from tss.sp0: sp0 on x86_32 is special in * and around vm86 mode and sp0 on x86_64 is special because of the * entry trampoline. */ return this_cpu_read_stable(cpu_current_top_of_stack); } static inline bool on_thread_stack(void) { return (unsigned long)(current_top_of_stack() - current_stack_pointer) < THREAD_SIZE; } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define __cpuid native_cpuid static inline void load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { native_load_sp0(sp0); } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* Free all resources held by a thread. */ extern void release_thread(struct task_struct *); unsigned long get_wchan(struct task_struct *p); /* * Generic CPUID function * clear %ecx since some cpus (Cyrix MII) do not set or clear %ecx * resulting in stale register contents being returned. */ static inline void cpuid(unsigned int op, unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { *eax = op; *ecx = 0; __cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* Some CPUID calls want 'count' to be placed in ecx */ static inline void cpuid_count(unsigned int op, int count, unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { *eax = op; *ecx = count; __cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* * CPUID functions returning a single datum */ static inline unsigned int cpuid_eax(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return eax; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_ebx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return ebx; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_ecx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return ecx; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_edx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return edx; } extern void select_idle_routine(const struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); extern void amd_e400_c1e_apic_setup(void); extern unsigned long boot_option_idle_override; enum idle_boot_override {IDLE_NO_OVERRIDE=0, IDLE_HALT, IDLE_NOMWAIT, IDLE_POLL}; extern void enable_sep_cpu(void); extern int sysenter_setup(void); /* Defined in head.S */ extern struct desc_ptr early_gdt_descr; extern void switch_to_new_gdt(int); extern void load_direct_gdt(int); extern void load_fixmap_gdt(int); extern void load_percpu_segment(int); extern void cpu_init(void); extern void cpu_init_exception_handling(void); extern void cr4_init(void); static inline unsigned long get_debugctlmsr(void) { unsigned long debugctlmsr = 0; #ifndef CONFIG_X86_DEBUGCTLMSR if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 6) return 0; #endif rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR, debugctlmsr); return debugctlmsr; } static inline void update_debugctlmsr(unsigned long debugctlmsr) { #ifndef CONFIG_X86_DEBUGCTLMSR if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 6) return; #endif wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR, debugctlmsr); } extern void set_task_blockstep(struct task_struct *task, bool on); /* Boot loader type from the setup header: */ extern int bootloader_type; extern int bootloader_version; extern char ignore_fpu_irq; #define HAVE_ARCH_PICK_MMAP_LAYOUT 1 #define ARCH_HAS_PREFETCHW #define ARCH_HAS_SPINLOCK_PREFETCH #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # define BASE_PREFETCH "" # define ARCH_HAS_PREFETCH #else # define BASE_PREFETCH "prefetcht0 %P1" #endif /* * Prefetch instructions for Pentium III (+) and AMD Athlon (+) * * It's not worth to care about 3dnow prefetches for the K6 * because they are microcoded there and very slow. */ static inline void prefetch(const void *x) { alternative_input(BASE_PREFETCH, "prefetchnta %P1", X86_FEATURE_XMM, "m" (*(const char *)x)); } /* * 3dnow prefetch to get an exclusive cache line. * Useful for spinlocks to avoid one state transition in the * cache coherency protocol: */ static __always_inline void prefetchw(const void *x) { alternative_input(BASE_PREFETCH, "prefetchw %P1", X86_FEATURE_3DNOWPREFETCH, "m" (*(const char *)x)); } static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x) { prefetchw(x); } #define TOP_OF_INIT_STACK ((unsigned long)&init_stack + sizeof(init_stack) - \ TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING) #define task_top_of_stack(task) ((unsigned long)(task_pt_regs(task) + 1)) #define task_pt_regs(task) \ ({ \ unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)task_stack_page(task); \ __ptr += THREAD_SIZE - TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING; \ ((struct pt_regs *)__ptr) - 1; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define INIT_THREAD { \ .sp0 = TOP_OF_INIT_STACK, \ .sysenter_cs = __KERNEL_CS, \ } #define KSTK_ESP(task) (task_pt_regs(task)->sp) #else #define INIT_THREAD { } extern unsigned long KSTK_ESP(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ extern void start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long new_ip, unsigned long new_sp); /* * This decides where the kernel will search for a free chunk of vm * space during mmap's. */ #define __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(task_size) (PAGE_ALIGN(task_size / 3)) #define TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(TASK_SIZE_LOW) #define KSTK_EIP(task) (task_pt_regs(task)->ip) /* Get/set a process' ability to use the timestamp counter instruction */ #define GET_TSC_CTL(adr) get_tsc_mode((adr)) #define SET_TSC_CTL(val) set_tsc_mode((val)) extern int get_tsc_mode(unsigned long adr); extern int set_tsc_mode(unsigned int val); DECLARE_PER_CPU(u64, msr_misc_features_shadow); #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD extern u16 amd_get_nb_id(int cpu); extern u32 amd_get_nodes_per_socket(void); #else static inline u16 amd_get_nb_id(int cpu) { return 0; } static inline u32 amd_get_nodes_per_socket(void) { return 0; } #endif static inline uint32_t hypervisor_cpuid_base(const char *sig, uint32_t leaves) { uint32_t base, eax, signature[3]; for (base = 0x40000000; base < 0x40010000; base += 0x100) { cpuid(base, &eax, &signature[0], &signature[1], &signature[2]); if (!memcmp(sig, signature, 12) && (leaves == 0 || ((eax - base) >= leaves))) return base; } return 0; } extern unsigned long arch_align_stack(unsigned long sp); void free_init_pages(const char *what, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_kernel_image_pages(const char *what, void *begin, void *end); void default_idle(void); #ifdef CONFIG_XEN bool xen_set_default_idle(void); #else #define xen_set_default_idle 0 #endif void stop_this_cpu(void *dummy); void microcode_check(void); enum l1tf_mitigations { L1TF_MITIGATION_OFF, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOWARN, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOSMT, L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL, L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL_FORCE }; extern enum l1tf_mitigations l1tf_mitigation; enum mds_mitigations { MDS_MITIGATION_OFF, MDS_MITIGATION_FULL, MDS_MITIGATION_VMWERV, }; #endif /* _ASM_X86_PROCESSOR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl_xattr.h Extended attribute system call representation of Access Control Lists. Copyright (C) 2000 by Andreas Gruenbacher <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> Copyright (C) 2002 SGI - Silicon Graphics, Inc <linux-xfs@oss.sgi.com> */ #ifndef _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #define _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #include <uapi/linux/xattr.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl_xattr.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> static inline size_t posix_acl_xattr_size(int count) { return (sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header) + (count * sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry))); } static inline int posix_acl_xattr_count(size_t size) { if (size < sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header)) return -1; size -= sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header); if (size % sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry)) return -1; return size / sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry); } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size); void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size); #else static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size) { } static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size) { } #endif struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const void *value, size_t size); int posix_acl_to_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const struct posix_acl *acl, void *buffer, size_t size); extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_access_xattr_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_default_xattr_handler; #endif /* _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_INTERNAL_H #define BLK_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include "blk-crypto-internal.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" /* Max future timer expiry for timeouts */ #define BLK_MAX_TIMEOUT (5 * HZ) extern struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; struct blk_flush_queue { unsigned int flush_pending_idx:1; unsigned int flush_running_idx:1; blk_status_t rq_status; unsigned long flush_pending_since; struct list_head flush_queue[2]; struct list_head flush_data_in_flight; struct request *flush_rq; struct lock_class_key key; spinlock_t mq_flush_lock; }; extern struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; extern struct kobj_type blk_queue_ktype; extern struct ida blk_queue_ida; static inline struct blk_flush_queue * blk_get_flush_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { return blk_mq_map_queue(q, REQ_OP_FLUSH, ctx)->fq; } static inline void __blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_get(&q->kobj); } bool is_flush_rq(struct request *req); struct blk_flush_queue *blk_alloc_flush_queue(int node, int cmd_size, gfp_t flags); void blk_free_flush_queue(struct blk_flush_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool biovec_phys_mergeable(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *vec1, struct bio_vec *vec2) { unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(vec1->bv_page) + vec1->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(vec2->bv_page) + vec2->bv_offset; if (addr1 + vec1->bv_len != addr2) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(vec1, vec2->bv_page)) return false; if ((addr1 | mask) != ((addr2 + vec2->bv_len - 1) | mask)) return false; return true; } static inline bool __bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { return (offset & queue_virt_boundary(q)) || ((bprv->bv_offset + bprv->bv_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q)); } /* * Check if adding a bio_vec after bprv with offset would create a gap in * the SG list. Most drivers don't care about this, but some do. */ static inline bool bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { if (!queue_virt_boundary(q)) return false; return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bprv, offset); } static inline void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { rq->nr_phys_segments = nr_segs; rq->__data_len = bio->bi_iter.bi_size; rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; rq->ioprio = bio_prio(bio); if (bio->bi_disk) rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_disk; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY void blk_flush_integrity(void); bool __bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *); void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio); static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) return __bio_integrity_endio(bio); return true; } bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct request *); bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct bio *); static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(req->bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(next); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(req->bio); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *); void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r1, struct request *r2) { return true; } static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r, struct bio *b) { return true; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { return false; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { return false; } static inline void blk_flush_integrity(void) { } static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *disk) { } static inline void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ unsigned long blk_rq_timeout(unsigned long timeout); void blk_add_timer(struct request *req); bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **same_queue_rq); bool blk_bio_list_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); void blk_account_io_start(struct request *req); void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now); /* * Internal elevator interface */ #define ELV_ON_HASH(rq) ((rq)->rq_flags & RQF_HASHED) void blk_insert_flush(struct request *rq); void elevator_init_mq(struct request_queue *q); int elevator_switch_mq(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *new_e); void __elevator_exit(struct request_queue *, struct elevator_queue *); int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q, bool uevent); void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline void elevator_exit(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->sysfs_lock); blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); __elevator_exit(q, e); } struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); ssize_t part_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_stat_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_inflight_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t part_timeout_show(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, char *); ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, const char *, size_t); void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs); int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct request *next); unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq); void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq); bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); int blk_dev_init(void); /* * Contribute to IO statistics IFF: * * a) it's attached to a gendisk, and * b) the queue had IO stats enabled when this request was started */ static inline bool blk_do_io_stat(struct request *rq) { return rq->rq_disk && (rq->rq_flags & RQF_IO_STAT); } static inline void req_set_nomerge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req) { req->cmd_flags |= REQ_NOMERGE; if (req == q->last_merge) q->last_merge = NULL; } /* * The max size one bio can handle is UINT_MAX becasue bvec_iter.bi_size * is defined as 'unsigned int', meantime it has to aligned to with logical * block size which is the minimum accepted unit by hardware. */ static inline unsigned int bio_allowed_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, queue_logical_block_size(q)) >> 9; } /* * The max bio size which is aligned to q->limits.discard_granularity. This * is a hint to split large discard bio in generic block layer, then if device * driver needs to split the discard bio into smaller ones, their bi_size can * be very probably and easily aligned to discard_granularity of the device's * queue. */ static inline unsigned int bio_aligned_discard_max_sectors( struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, q->limits.discard_granularity) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Internal io_context interface */ void get_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); struct io_cq *ioc_lookup_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q); struct io_cq *ioc_create_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q, gfp_t gfp_mask); void ioc_clear_queue(struct request_queue *q); int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node); /* * Internal throttling interface */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio); bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio) { } static inline bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page); extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count); extern void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time); #else static inline void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BOUNCE extern int init_emergency_isa_pool(void); extern void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio); #else static inline int init_emergency_isa_pool(void) { return 0; } static inline void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BOUNCE */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOLATENCY extern int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_pages, gfp_t gfp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q) {} #endif struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector); int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt); void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt); void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt); char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf); #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE 0 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID 1 #define ADDPART_FLAG_WHOLEDISK 2 void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part); int bdev_add_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno); int bdev_resize_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int target); int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part); /* no need to get/put refcount of part0 */ static inline int hd_struct_try_get(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) return percpu_ref_tryget_live(&part->ref); return 1; } static inline void hd_struct_put(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) percpu_ref_put(&part->ref); } static inline void hd_free_part(struct hd_struct *part) { free_percpu(part->dkstats); kfree(part->info); percpu_ref_exit(&part->ref); } /* * Any access of part->nr_sects which is not protected by partition * bd_mutex or gendisk bdev bd_mutex, should be done using this * accessor function. * * Code written along the lines of i_size_read() and i_size_write(). * CONFIG_PREEMPTION case optimizes the case of UP kernel with preemption * on. */ static inline sector_t part_nr_sects_read(struct hd_struct *part) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) sector_t nr_sects; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&part->nr_sects_seq, seq)); return nr_sects; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) sector_t nr_sects; preempt_disable(); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; preempt_enable(); return nr_sects; #else return part->nr_sects; #endif } /* * Should be called with mutex lock held (typically bd_mutex) of partition * to provide mutual exlusion among writers otherwise seqcount might be * left in wrong state leaving the readers spinning infinitely. */ static inline void part_nr_sects_write(struct hd_struct *part, sector_t size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); part->nr_sects = size; write_seqcount_end(&part->nr_sects_seq); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); part->nr_sects = size; preempt_enable(); #else part->nr_sects = size; #endif } int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page); #endif /* BLK_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Red Black Trees (C) 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> linux/include/linux/rbtree.h To use rbtrees you'll have to implement your own insert and search cores. This will avoid us to use callbacks and to drop drammatically performances. I know it's not the cleaner way, but in C (not in C++) to get performances and genericity... See Documentation/core-api/rbtree.rst for documentation and samples. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RBTREE_H #define _LINUX_RBTREE_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> struct rb_node { unsigned long __rb_parent_color; struct rb_node *rb_right; struct rb_node *rb_left; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))); /* The alignment might seem pointless, but allegedly CRIS needs it */ struct rb_root { struct rb_node *rb_node; }; #define rb_parent(r) ((struct rb_node *)((r)->__rb_parent_color & ~3)) #define RB_ROOT (struct rb_root) { NULL, } #define rb_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr, type, member) #define RB_EMPTY_ROOT(root) (READ_ONCE((root)->rb_node) == NULL) /* 'empty' nodes are nodes that are known not to be inserted in an rbtree */ #define RB_EMPTY_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color == (unsigned long)(node)) #define RB_CLEAR_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)(node)) extern void rb_insert_color(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); extern void rb_erase(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); /* Find logical next and previous nodes in a tree */ extern struct rb_node *rb_next(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_prev(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_first(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_last(const struct rb_root *); /* Postorder iteration - always visit the parent after its children */ extern struct rb_node *rb_first_postorder(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_next_postorder(const struct rb_node *); /* Fast replacement of a single node without remove/rebalance/add/rebalance */ extern void rb_replace_node(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); extern void rb_replace_node_rcu(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); static inline void rb_link_node(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; *rb_link = node; } static inline void rb_link_node_rcu(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*rb_link, node); } #define rb_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? rb_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe - iterate in post-order over rb_root of * given type allowing the backing memory of @pos to be invalidated * * @pos: the 'type *' to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another 'type *' to use as temporary storage * @root: 'rb_root *' of the rbtree. * @field: the name of the rb_node field within 'type'. * * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe() provides a similar guarantee as * list_for_each_entry_safe() and allows the iteration to continue independent * of changes to @pos by the body of the loop. * * Note, however, that it cannot handle other modifications that re-order the * rbtree it is iterating over. This includes calling rb_erase() on @pos, as * rb_erase() may rebalance the tree, causing us to miss some nodes. */ #define rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, root, field) \ for (pos = rb_entry_safe(rb_first_postorder(root), typeof(*pos), field); \ pos && ({ n = rb_entry_safe(rb_next_postorder(&pos->field), \ typeof(*pos), field); 1; }); \ pos = n) /* * Leftmost-cached rbtrees. * * We do not cache the rightmost node based on footprint * size vs number of potential users that could benefit * from O(1) rb_last(). Just not worth it, users that want * this feature can always implement the logic explicitly. * Furthermore, users that want to cache both pointers may * find it a bit asymmetric, but that's ok. */ struct rb_root_cached { struct rb_root rb_root; struct rb_node *rb_leftmost; }; #define RB_ROOT_CACHED (struct rb_root_cached) { {NULL, }, NULL } /* Same as rb_first(), but O(1) */ #define rb_first_cached(root) (root)->rb_leftmost static inline void rb_insert_color_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root, bool leftmost) { if (leftmost) root->rb_leftmost = node; rb_insert_color(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_erase_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == node) root->rb_leftmost = rb_next(node); rb_erase(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_replace_node_cached(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == victim) root->rb_leftmost = new; rb_replace_node(victim, new, &root->rb_root); } #endif /* _LINUX_RBTREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #define _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h> #define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK (SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_SPEC_ALLOW | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_NEW_LISTENER | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC_ESRCH) /* sizeof() the first published struct seccomp_notif_addfd */ #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 24 #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_LATEST SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/seccomp.h> struct seccomp_filter; /** * struct seccomp - the state of a seccomp'ed process * * @mode: indicates one of the valid values above for controlled * system calls available to a process. * @filter: must always point to a valid seccomp-filter or NULL as it is * accessed without locking during system call entry. * * @filter must only be accessed from the context of current as there * is no read locking. */ struct seccomp { int mode; atomic_t filter_count; struct seccomp_filter *filter; }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER extern int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd); static inline int secure_computing(void) { if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SECCOMP))) return __secure_computing(NULL); return 0; } #else extern void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall); #endif extern long prctl_get_seccomp(void); extern long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long, void __user *); static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return s->mode; } #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #include <linux/errno.h> struct seccomp { }; struct seccomp_filter { }; struct seccomp_data; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER static inline int secure_computing(void) { return 0; } static inline int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd) { return 0; } #else static inline void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall) { return; } #endif static inline long prctl_get_seccomp(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long arg2, char __user *arg3) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER extern void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk); #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ static inline void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } static inline void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ #if defined(CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER) && defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) extern long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); extern long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); #else static inline long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long n, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER && CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */ #endif /* _LINUX_SECCOMP_H */
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2417 2418 2419 2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 2479 2480 2481 2482 2483 2484 2485 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2494 2495 2496 2497 2498 2499 2500 2501 2502 2503 2504 2505 2506 2507 2508 2509 2510 2511 2512 2513 2514 2515 2516 2517 2518 2519 2520 2521 2522 2523 2524 2525 2526 2527 2528 2529 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537 2538 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * ALSA sequencer Client Manager * Copyright (c) 1998-2001 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> * Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz> * Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <sound/core.h> #include <sound/minors.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> #include "seq_clientmgr.h" #include "seq_memory.h" #include "seq_queue.h" #include "seq_timer.h" #include "seq_info.h" #include "seq_system.h" #include <sound/seq_device.h> #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <linux/compat.h> #endif /* Client Manager * this module handles the connections of userland and kernel clients * */ /* * There are four ranges of client numbers (last two shared): * 0..15: global clients * 16..127: statically allocated client numbers for cards 0..27 * 128..191: dynamically allocated client numbers for cards 28..31 * 128..191: dynamically allocated client numbers for applications */ /* number of kernel non-card clients */ #define SNDRV_SEQ_GLOBAL_CLIENTS 16 /* clients per cards, for static clients */ #define SNDRV_SEQ_CLIENTS_PER_CARD 4 /* dynamically allocated client numbers (both kernel drivers and user space) */ #define SNDRV_SEQ_DYNAMIC_CLIENTS_BEGIN 128 #define SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_INPUT 0x0001 #define SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OUTPUT 0x0002 #define SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OPEN (SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_INPUT|SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OUTPUT) static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(clients_lock); static DEFINE_MUTEX(register_mutex); /* * client table */ static char clienttablock[SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS]; static struct snd_seq_client *clienttab[SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS]; static struct snd_seq_usage client_usage; /* * prototypes */ static int bounce_error_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int err, int atomic, int hop); static int snd_seq_deliver_single_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int filter, int atomic, int hop); /* */ static inline unsigned short snd_seq_file_flags(struct file *file) { switch (file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) { case FMODE_WRITE: return SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OUTPUT; case FMODE_READ: return SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_INPUT; default: return SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OPEN; } } static inline int snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(struct snd_seq_client *client) { return snd_seq_total_cells(client->pool) > 0; } /* return pointer to client structure for specified id */ static struct snd_seq_client *clientptr(int clientid) { if (clientid < 0 || clientid >= SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS) { pr_debug("ALSA: seq: oops. Trying to get pointer to client %d\n", clientid); return NULL; } return clienttab[clientid]; } struct snd_seq_client *snd_seq_client_use_ptr(int clientid) { unsigned long flags; struct snd_seq_client *client; if (clientid < 0 || clientid >= SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS) { pr_debug("ALSA: seq: oops. Trying to get pointer to client %d\n", clientid); return NULL; } spin_lock_irqsave(&clients_lock, flags); client = clientptr(clientid); if (client) goto __lock; if (clienttablock[clientid]) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&clients_lock, flags); return NULL; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&clients_lock, flags); #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES if (!in_interrupt()) { static char client_requested[SNDRV_SEQ_GLOBAL_CLIENTS]; static char card_requested[SNDRV_CARDS]; if (clientid < SNDRV_SEQ_GLOBAL_CLIENTS) { int idx; if (!client_requested[clientid]) { client_requested[clientid] = 1; for (idx = 0; idx < 15; idx++) { if (seq_client_load[idx] < 0) break; if (seq_client_load[idx] == clientid) { request_module("snd-seq-client-%i", clientid); break; } } } } else if (clientid < SNDRV_SEQ_DYNAMIC_CLIENTS_BEGIN) { int card = (clientid - SNDRV_SEQ_GLOBAL_CLIENTS) / SNDRV_SEQ_CLIENTS_PER_CARD; if (card < snd_ecards_limit) { if (! card_requested[card]) { card_requested[card] = 1; snd_request_card(card); } snd_seq_device_load_drivers(); } } spin_lock_irqsave(&clients_lock, flags); client = clientptr(clientid); if (client) goto __lock; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&clients_lock, flags); } #endif return NULL; __lock: snd_use_lock_use(&client->use_lock); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&clients_lock, flags); return client; } /* Take refcount and perform ioctl_mutex lock on the given client; * used only for OSS sequencer * Unlock via snd_seq_client_ioctl_unlock() below */ bool snd_seq_client_ioctl_lock(int clientid) { struct snd_seq_client *client; client = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(clientid); if (!client) return false; mutex_lock(&client->ioctl_mutex); /* The client isn't unrefed here; see snd_seq_client_ioctl_unlock() */ return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_seq_client_ioctl_lock); /* Unlock and unref the given client; for OSS sequencer use only */ void snd_seq_client_ioctl_unlock(int clientid) { struct snd_seq_client *client; client = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(clientid); if (WARN_ON(!client)) return; mutex_unlock(&client->ioctl_mutex); /* The doubly unrefs below are intentional; the first one releases the * leftover from snd_seq_client_ioctl_lock() above, and the second one * is for releasing snd_seq_client_use_ptr() in this function */ snd_seq_client_unlock(client); snd_seq_client_unlock(client); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_seq_client_ioctl_unlock); static void usage_alloc(struct snd_seq_usage *res, int num) { res->cur += num; if (res->cur > res->peak) res->peak = res->cur; } static void usage_free(struct snd_seq_usage *res, int num) { res->cur -= num; } /* initialise data structures */ int __init client_init_data(void) { /* zap out the client table */ memset(&clienttablock, 0, sizeof(clienttablock)); memset(&clienttab, 0, sizeof(clienttab)); return 0; } static struct snd_seq_client *seq_create_client1(int client_index, int poolsize) { int c; struct snd_seq_client *client; /* init client data */ client = kzalloc(sizeof(*client), GFP_KERNEL); if (client == NULL) return NULL; client->pool = snd_seq_pool_new(poolsize); if (client->pool == NULL) { kfree(client); return NULL; } client->type = NO_CLIENT; snd_use_lock_init(&client->use_lock); rwlock_init(&client->ports_lock); mutex_init(&client->ports_mutex); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&client->ports_list_head); mutex_init(&client->ioctl_mutex); /* find free slot in the client table */ spin_lock_irq(&clients_lock); if (client_index < 0) { for (c = SNDRV_SEQ_DYNAMIC_CLIENTS_BEGIN; c < SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS; c++) { if (clienttab[c] || clienttablock[c]) continue; clienttab[client->number = c] = client; spin_unlock_irq(&clients_lock); return client; } } else { if (clienttab[client_index] == NULL && !clienttablock[client_index]) { clienttab[client->number = client_index] = client; spin_unlock_irq(&clients_lock); return client; } } spin_unlock_irq(&clients_lock); snd_seq_pool_delete(&client->pool); kfree(client); return NULL; /* no free slot found or busy, return failure code */ } static int seq_free_client1(struct snd_seq_client *client) { if (!client) return 0; spin_lock_irq(&clients_lock); clienttablock[client->number] = 1; clienttab[client->number] = NULL; spin_unlock_irq(&clients_lock); snd_seq_delete_all_ports(client); snd_seq_queue_client_leave(client->number); snd_use_lock_sync(&client->use_lock); snd_seq_queue_client_termination(client->number); if (client->pool) snd_seq_pool_delete(&client->pool); spin_lock_irq(&clients_lock); clienttablock[client->number] = 0; spin_unlock_irq(&clients_lock); return 0; } static void seq_free_client(struct snd_seq_client * client) { mutex_lock(&register_mutex); switch (client->type) { case NO_CLIENT: pr_warn("ALSA: seq: Trying to free unused client %d\n", client->number); break; case USER_CLIENT: case KERNEL_CLIENT: seq_free_client1(client); usage_free(&client_usage, 1); break; default: pr_err("ALSA: seq: Trying to free client %d with undefined type = %d\n", client->number, client->type); } mutex_unlock(&register_mutex); snd_seq_system_client_ev_client_exit(client->number); } /* -------------------------------------------------------- */ /* create a user client */ static int snd_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { int c, mode; /* client id */ struct snd_seq_client *client; struct snd_seq_user_client *user; int err; err = stream_open(inode, file); if (err < 0) return err; mutex_lock(&register_mutex); client = seq_create_client1(-1, SNDRV_SEQ_DEFAULT_EVENTS); if (!client) { mutex_unlock(&register_mutex); return -ENOMEM; /* failure code */ } mode = snd_seq_file_flags(file); if (mode & SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_INPUT) client->accept_input = 1; if (mode & SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OUTPUT) client->accept_output = 1; user = &client->data.user; user->fifo = NULL; user->fifo_pool_size = 0; if (mode & SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_INPUT) { user->fifo_pool_size = SNDRV_SEQ_DEFAULT_CLIENT_EVENTS; user->fifo = snd_seq_fifo_new(user->fifo_pool_size); if (user->fifo == NULL) { seq_free_client1(client); kfree(client); mutex_unlock(&register_mutex); return -ENOMEM; } } usage_alloc(&client_usage, 1); client->type = USER_CLIENT; mutex_unlock(&register_mutex); c = client->number; file->private_data = client; /* fill client data */ user->file = file; sprintf(client->name, "Client-%d", c); client->data.user.owner = get_pid(task_pid(current)); /* make others aware this new client */ snd_seq_system_client_ev_client_start(c); return 0; } /* delete a user client */ static int snd_seq_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct snd_seq_client *client = file->private_data; if (client) { seq_free_client(client); if (client->data.user.fifo) snd_seq_fifo_delete(&client->data.user.fifo); put_pid(client->data.user.owner); kfree(client); } return 0; } /* handle client read() */ /* possible error values: * -ENXIO invalid client or file open mode * -ENOSPC FIFO overflow (the flag is cleared after this error report) * -EINVAL no enough user-space buffer to write the whole event * -EFAULT seg. fault during copy to user space */ static ssize_t snd_seq_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *offset) { struct snd_seq_client *client = file->private_data; struct snd_seq_fifo *fifo; int err; long result = 0; struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell; if (!(snd_seq_file_flags(file) & SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_INPUT)) return -ENXIO; if (!access_ok(buf, count)) return -EFAULT; /* check client structures are in place */ if (snd_BUG_ON(!client)) return -ENXIO; if (!client->accept_input || (fifo = client->data.user.fifo) == NULL) return -ENXIO; if (atomic_read(&fifo->overflow) > 0) { /* buffer overflow is detected */ snd_seq_fifo_clear(fifo); /* return error code */ return -ENOSPC; } cell = NULL; err = 0; snd_seq_fifo_lock(fifo); /* while data available in queue */ while (count >= sizeof(struct snd_seq_event)) { int nonblock; nonblock = (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) || result > 0; if ((err = snd_seq_fifo_cell_out(fifo, &cell, nonblock)) < 0) { break; } if (snd_seq_ev_is_variable(&cell->event)) { struct snd_seq_event tmpev; tmpev = cell->event; tmpev.data.ext.len &= ~SNDRV_SEQ_EXT_MASK; if (copy_to_user(buf, &tmpev, sizeof(struct snd_seq_event))) { err = -EFAULT; break; } count -= sizeof(struct snd_seq_event); buf += sizeof(struct snd_seq_event); err = snd_seq_expand_var_event(&cell->event, count, (char __force *)buf, 0, sizeof(struct snd_seq_event)); if (err < 0) break; result += err; count -= err; buf += err; } else { if (copy_to_user(buf, &cell->event, sizeof(struct snd_seq_event))) { err = -EFAULT; break; } count -= sizeof(struct snd_seq_event); buf += sizeof(struct snd_seq_event); } snd_seq_cell_free(cell); cell = NULL; /* to be sure */ result += sizeof(struct snd_seq_event); } if (err < 0) { if (cell) snd_seq_fifo_cell_putback(fifo, cell); if (err == -EAGAIN && result > 0) err = 0; } snd_seq_fifo_unlock(fifo); return (err < 0) ? err : result; } /* * check access permission to the port */ static int check_port_perm(struct snd_seq_client_port *port, unsigned int flags) { if ((port->capability & flags) != flags) return 0; return flags; } /* * check if the destination client is available, and return the pointer * if filter is non-zero, client filter bitmap is tested. */ static struct snd_seq_client *get_event_dest_client(struct snd_seq_event *event, int filter) { struct snd_seq_client *dest; dest = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(event->dest.client); if (dest == NULL) return NULL; if (! dest->accept_input) goto __not_avail; if ((dest->filter & SNDRV_SEQ_FILTER_USE_EVENT) && ! test_bit(event->type, dest->event_filter)) goto __not_avail; if (filter && !(dest->filter & filter)) goto __not_avail; return dest; /* ok - accessible */ __not_avail: snd_seq_client_unlock(dest); return NULL; } /* * Return the error event. * * If the receiver client is a user client, the original event is * encapsulated in SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_BOUNCE as variable length event. If * the original event is also variable length, the external data is * copied after the event record. * If the receiver client is a kernel client, the original event is * quoted in SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_KERNEL_ERROR, since this requires no extra * kmalloc. */ static int bounce_error_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int err, int atomic, int hop) { struct snd_seq_event bounce_ev; int result; if (client == NULL || ! (client->filter & SNDRV_SEQ_FILTER_BOUNCE) || ! client->accept_input) return 0; /* ignored */ /* set up quoted error */ memset(&bounce_ev, 0, sizeof(bounce_ev)); bounce_ev.type = SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_KERNEL_ERROR; bounce_ev.flags = SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_LENGTH_FIXED; bounce_ev.queue = SNDRV_SEQ_QUEUE_DIRECT; bounce_ev.source.client = SNDRV_SEQ_CLIENT_SYSTEM; bounce_ev.source.port = SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_SYSTEM_ANNOUNCE; bounce_ev.dest.client = client->number; bounce_ev.dest.port = event->source.port; bounce_ev.data.quote.origin = event->dest; bounce_ev.data.quote.event = event; bounce_ev.data.quote.value = -err; /* use positive value */ result = snd_seq_deliver_single_event(NULL, &bounce_ev, 0, atomic, hop + 1); if (result < 0) { client->event_lost++; return result; } return result; } /* * rewrite the time-stamp of the event record with the curren time * of the given queue. * return non-zero if updated. */ static int update_timestamp_of_queue(struct snd_seq_event *event, int queue, int real_time) { struct snd_seq_queue *q; q = queueptr(queue); if (! q) return 0; event->queue = queue; event->flags &= ~SNDRV_SEQ_TIME_STAMP_MASK; if (real_time) { event->time.time = snd_seq_timer_get_cur_time(q->timer, true); event->flags |= SNDRV_SEQ_TIME_STAMP_REAL; } else { event->time.tick = snd_seq_timer_get_cur_tick(q->timer); event->flags |= SNDRV_SEQ_TIME_STAMP_TICK; } queuefree(q); return 1; } /* * deliver an event to the specified destination. * if filter is non-zero, client filter bitmap is tested. * * RETURN VALUE: 0 : if succeeded * <0 : error */ static int snd_seq_deliver_single_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int filter, int atomic, int hop) { struct snd_seq_client *dest = NULL; struct snd_seq_client_port *dest_port = NULL; int result = -ENOENT; int direct; direct = snd_seq_ev_is_direct(event); dest = get_event_dest_client(event, filter); if (dest == NULL) goto __skip; dest_port = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(dest, event->dest.port); if (dest_port == NULL) goto __skip; /* check permission */ if (! check_port_perm(dest_port, SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_WRITE)) { result = -EPERM; goto __skip; } if (dest_port->timestamping) update_timestamp_of_queue(event, dest_port->time_queue, dest_port->time_real); switch (dest->type) { case USER_CLIENT: if (dest->data.user.fifo) result = snd_seq_fifo_event_in(dest->data.user.fifo, event); break; case KERNEL_CLIENT: if (dest_port->event_input == NULL) break; result = dest_port->event_input(event, direct, dest_port->private_data, atomic, hop); break; default: break; } __skip: if (dest_port) snd_seq_port_unlock(dest_port); if (dest) snd_seq_client_unlock(dest); if (result < 0 && !direct) { result = bounce_error_event(client, event, result, atomic, hop); } return result; } /* * send the event to all subscribers: */ static int deliver_to_subscribers(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int atomic, int hop) { struct snd_seq_subscribers *subs; int err, result = 0, num_ev = 0; struct snd_seq_event event_saved; struct snd_seq_client_port *src_port; struct snd_seq_port_subs_info *grp; src_port = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(client, event->source.port); if (src_port == NULL) return -EINVAL; /* invalid source port */ /* save original event record */ event_saved = *event; grp = &src_port->c_src; /* lock list */ if (atomic) read_lock(&grp->list_lock); else down_read_nested(&grp->list_mutex, hop); list_for_each_entry(subs, &grp->list_head, src_list) { /* both ports ready? */ if (atomic_read(&subs->ref_count) != 2) continue; event->dest = subs->info.dest; if (subs->info.flags & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_SUBS_TIMESTAMP) /* convert time according to flag with subscription */ update_timestamp_of_queue(event, subs->info.queue, subs->info.flags & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_SUBS_TIME_REAL); err = snd_seq_deliver_single_event(client, event, 0, atomic, hop); if (err < 0) { /* save first error that occurs and continue */ if (!result) result = err; continue; } num_ev++; /* restore original event record */ *event = event_saved; } if (atomic) read_unlock(&grp->list_lock); else up_read(&grp->list_mutex); *event = event_saved; /* restore */ snd_seq_port_unlock(src_port); return (result < 0) ? result : num_ev; } #ifdef SUPPORT_BROADCAST /* * broadcast to all ports: */ static int port_broadcast_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int atomic, int hop) { int num_ev = 0, err, result = 0; struct snd_seq_client *dest_client; struct snd_seq_client_port *port; dest_client = get_event_dest_client(event, SNDRV_SEQ_FILTER_BROADCAST); if (dest_client == NULL) return 0; /* no matching destination */ read_lock(&dest_client->ports_lock); list_for_each_entry(port, &dest_client->ports_list_head, list) { event->dest.port = port->addr.port; /* pass NULL as source client to avoid error bounce */ err = snd_seq_deliver_single_event(NULL, event, SNDRV_SEQ_FILTER_BROADCAST, atomic, hop); if (err < 0) { /* save first error that occurs and continue */ if (!result) result = err; continue; } num_ev++; } read_unlock(&dest_client->ports_lock); snd_seq_client_unlock(dest_client); event->dest.port = SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_BROADCAST; /* restore */ return (result < 0) ? result : num_ev; } /* * send the event to all clients: * if destination port is also ADDRESS_BROADCAST, deliver to all ports. */ static int broadcast_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int atomic, int hop) { int err, result = 0, num_ev = 0; int dest; struct snd_seq_addr addr; addr = event->dest; /* save */ for (dest = 0; dest < SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS; dest++) { /* don't send to itself */ if (dest == client->number) continue; event->dest.client = dest; event->dest.port = addr.port; if (addr.port == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_BROADCAST) err = port_broadcast_event(client, event, atomic, hop); else /* pass NULL as source client to avoid error bounce */ err = snd_seq_deliver_single_event(NULL, event, SNDRV_SEQ_FILTER_BROADCAST, atomic, hop); if (err < 0) { /* save first error that occurs and continue */ if (!result) result = err; continue; } num_ev += err; } event->dest = addr; /* restore */ return (result < 0) ? result : num_ev; } /* multicast - not supported yet */ static int multicast_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int atomic, int hop) { pr_debug("ALSA: seq: multicast not supported yet.\n"); return 0; /* ignored */ } #endif /* SUPPORT_BROADCAST */ /* deliver an event to the destination port(s). * if the event is to subscribers or broadcast, the event is dispatched * to multiple targets. * * RETURN VALUE: n > 0 : the number of delivered events. * n == 0 : the event was not passed to any client. * n < 0 : error - event was not processed. */ static int snd_seq_deliver_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, int atomic, int hop) { int result; hop++; if (hop >= SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_HOPS) { pr_debug("ALSA: seq: too long delivery path (%d:%d->%d:%d)\n", event->source.client, event->source.port, event->dest.client, event->dest.port); return -EMLINK; } if (snd_seq_ev_is_variable(event) && snd_BUG_ON(atomic && (event->data.ext.len & SNDRV_SEQ_EXT_USRPTR))) return -EINVAL; if (event->queue == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_SUBSCRIBERS || event->dest.client == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_SUBSCRIBERS) result = deliver_to_subscribers(client, event, atomic, hop); #ifdef SUPPORT_BROADCAST else if (event->queue == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_BROADCAST || event->dest.client == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_BROADCAST) result = broadcast_event(client, event, atomic, hop); else if (event->dest.client >= SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS) result = multicast_event(client, event, atomic, hop); else if (event->dest.port == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_BROADCAST) result = port_broadcast_event(client, event, atomic, hop); #endif else result = snd_seq_deliver_single_event(client, event, 0, atomic, hop); return result; } /* * dispatch an event cell: * This function is called only from queue check routines in timer * interrupts or after enqueued. * The event cell shall be released or re-queued in this function. * * RETURN VALUE: n > 0 : the number of delivered events. * n == 0 : the event was not passed to any client. * n < 0 : error - event was not processed. */ int snd_seq_dispatch_event(struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell, int atomic, int hop) { struct snd_seq_client *client; int result; if (snd_BUG_ON(!cell)) return -EINVAL; client = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(cell->event.source.client); if (client == NULL) { snd_seq_cell_free(cell); /* release this cell */ return -EINVAL; } if (cell->event.type == SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_NOTE) { /* NOTE event: * the event cell is re-used as a NOTE-OFF event and * enqueued again. */ struct snd_seq_event tmpev, *ev; /* reserve this event to enqueue note-off later */ tmpev = cell->event; tmpev.type = SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_NOTEON; result = snd_seq_deliver_event(client, &tmpev, atomic, hop); /* * This was originally a note event. We now re-use the * cell for the note-off event. */ ev = &cell->event; ev->type = SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_NOTEOFF; ev->flags |= SNDRV_SEQ_PRIORITY_HIGH; /* add the duration time */ switch (ev->flags & SNDRV_SEQ_TIME_STAMP_MASK) { case SNDRV_SEQ_TIME_STAMP_TICK: ev->time.tick += ev->data.note.duration; break; case SNDRV_SEQ_TIME_STAMP_REAL: /* unit for duration is ms */ ev->time.time.tv_nsec += 1000000 * (ev->data.note.duration % 1000); ev->time.time.tv_sec += ev->data.note.duration / 1000 + ev->time.time.tv_nsec / 1000000000; ev->time.time.tv_nsec %= 1000000000; break; } ev->data.note.velocity = ev->data.note.off_velocity; /* Now queue this cell as the note off event */ if (snd_seq_enqueue_event(cell, atomic, hop) < 0) snd_seq_cell_free(cell); /* release this cell */ } else { /* Normal events: * event cell is freed after processing the event */ result = snd_seq_deliver_event(client, &cell->event, atomic, hop); snd_seq_cell_free(cell); } snd_seq_client_unlock(client); return result; } /* Allocate a cell from client pool and enqueue it to queue: * if pool is empty and blocking is TRUE, sleep until a new cell is * available. */ static int snd_seq_client_enqueue_event(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_event *event, struct file *file, int blocking, int atomic, int hop, struct mutex *mutexp) { struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell; int err; /* special queue values - force direct passing */ if (event->queue == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_SUBSCRIBERS) { event->dest.client = SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_SUBSCRIBERS; event->queue = SNDRV_SEQ_QUEUE_DIRECT; } else #ifdef SUPPORT_BROADCAST if (event->queue == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_BROADCAST) { event->dest.client = SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_BROADCAST; event->queue = SNDRV_SEQ_QUEUE_DIRECT; } #endif if (event->dest.client == SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_SUBSCRIBERS) { /* check presence of source port */ struct snd_seq_client_port *src_port = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(client, event->source.port); if (src_port == NULL) return -EINVAL; snd_seq_port_unlock(src_port); } /* direct event processing without enqueued */ if (snd_seq_ev_is_direct(event)) { if (event->type == SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_NOTE) return -EINVAL; /* this event must be enqueued! */ return snd_seq_deliver_event(client, event, atomic, hop); } /* Not direct, normal queuing */ if (snd_seq_queue_is_used(event->queue, client->number) <= 0) return -EINVAL; /* invalid queue */ if (! snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(client)) return -ENXIO; /* queue is not allocated */ /* allocate an event cell */ err = snd_seq_event_dup(client->pool, event, &cell, !blocking || atomic, file, mutexp); if (err < 0) return err; /* we got a cell. enqueue it. */ if ((err = snd_seq_enqueue_event(cell, atomic, hop)) < 0) { snd_seq_cell_free(cell); return err; } return 0; } /* * check validity of event type and data length. * return non-zero if invalid. */ static int check_event_type_and_length(struct snd_seq_event *ev) { switch (snd_seq_ev_length_type(ev)) { case SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_LENGTH_FIXED: if (snd_seq_ev_is_variable_type(ev)) return -EINVAL; break; case SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_LENGTH_VARIABLE: if (! snd_seq_ev_is_variable_type(ev) || (ev->data.ext.len & ~SNDRV_SEQ_EXT_MASK) >= SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_EVENT_LEN) return -EINVAL; break; case SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_LENGTH_VARUSR: if (! snd_seq_ev_is_direct(ev)) return -EINVAL; break; } return 0; } /* handle write() */ /* possible error values: * -ENXIO invalid client or file open mode * -ENOMEM malloc failed * -EFAULT seg. fault during copy from user space * -EINVAL invalid event * -EAGAIN no space in output pool * -EINTR interrupts while sleep * -EMLINK too many hops * others depends on return value from driver callback */ static ssize_t snd_seq_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *offset) { struct snd_seq_client *client = file->private_data; int written = 0, len; int err, handled; struct snd_seq_event event; if (!(snd_seq_file_flags(file) & SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OUTPUT)) return -ENXIO; /* check client structures are in place */ if (snd_BUG_ON(!client)) return -ENXIO; if (!client->accept_output || client->pool == NULL) return -ENXIO; repeat: handled = 0; /* allocate the pool now if the pool is not allocated yet */ mutex_lock(&client->ioctl_mutex); if (client->pool->size > 0 && !snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(client)) { err = snd_seq_pool_init(client->pool); if (err < 0) goto out; } /* only process whole events */ err = -EINVAL; while (count >= sizeof(struct snd_seq_event)) { /* Read in the event header from the user */ len = sizeof(event); if (copy_from_user(&event, buf, len)) { err = -EFAULT; break; } event.source.client = client->number; /* fill in client number */ /* Check for extension data length */ if (check_event_type_and_length(&event)) { err = -EINVAL; break; } /* check for special events */ if (event.type == SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_NONE) goto __skip_event; else if (snd_seq_ev_is_reserved(&event)) { err = -EINVAL; break; } if (snd_seq_ev_is_variable(&event)) { int extlen = event.data.ext.len & ~SNDRV_SEQ_EXT_MASK; if ((size_t)(extlen + len) > count) { /* back out, will get an error this time or next */ err = -EINVAL; break; } /* set user space pointer */ event.data.ext.len = extlen | SNDRV_SEQ_EXT_USRPTR; event.data.ext.ptr = (char __force *)buf + sizeof(struct snd_seq_event); len += extlen; /* increment data length */ } else { #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (client->convert32 && snd_seq_ev_is_varusr(&event)) { void *ptr = (void __force *)compat_ptr(event.data.raw32.d[1]); event.data.ext.ptr = ptr; } #endif } /* ok, enqueue it */ err = snd_seq_client_enqueue_event(client, &event, file, !(file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK), 0, 0, &client->ioctl_mutex); if (err < 0) break; handled++; __skip_event: /* Update pointers and counts */ count -= len; buf += len; written += len; /* let's have a coffee break if too many events are queued */ if (++handled >= 200) { mutex_unlock(&client->ioctl_mutex); goto repeat; } } out: mutex_unlock(&client->ioctl_mutex); return written ? written : err; } /* * handle polling */ static __poll_t snd_seq_poll(struct file *file, poll_table * wait) { struct snd_seq_client *client = file->private_data; __poll_t mask = 0; /* check client structures are in place */ if (snd_BUG_ON(!client)) return EPOLLERR; if ((snd_seq_file_flags(file) & SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_INPUT) && client->data.user.fifo) { /* check if data is available in the outqueue */ if (snd_seq_fifo_poll_wait(client->data.user.fifo, file, wait)) mask |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; } if (snd_seq_file_flags(file) & SNDRV_SEQ_LFLG_OUTPUT) { /* check if data is available in the pool */ if (!snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(client) || snd_seq_pool_poll_wait(client->pool, file, wait)) mask |= EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM; } return mask; } /*-----------------------------------------------------*/ static int snd_seq_ioctl_pversion(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { int *pversion = arg; *pversion = SNDRV_SEQ_VERSION; return 0; } static int snd_seq_ioctl_client_id(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { int *client_id = arg; *client_id = client->number; return 0; } /* SYSTEM_INFO ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_system_info(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_system_info *info = arg; memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); /* fill the info fields */ info->queues = SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_QUEUES; info->clients = SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS; info->ports = SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_PORTS; info->channels = 256; /* fixed limit */ info->cur_clients = client_usage.cur; info->cur_queues = snd_seq_queue_get_cur_queues(); return 0; } /* RUNNING_MODE ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_running_mode(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_running_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_client *cptr; int err = 0; /* requested client number */ cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(info->client); if (cptr == NULL) return -ENOENT; /* don't change !!! */ #ifdef SNDRV_BIG_ENDIAN if (!info->big_endian) { err = -EINVAL; goto __err; } #else if (info->big_endian) { err = -EINVAL; goto __err; } #endif if (info->cpu_mode > sizeof(long)) { err = -EINVAL; goto __err; } cptr->convert32 = (info->cpu_mode < sizeof(long)); __err: snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return err; } /* CLIENT_INFO ioctl() */ static void get_client_info(struct snd_seq_client *cptr, struct snd_seq_client_info *info) { info->client = cptr->number; /* fill the info fields */ info->type = cptr->type; strcpy(info->name, cptr->name); info->filter = cptr->filter; info->event_lost = cptr->event_lost; memcpy(info->event_filter, cptr->event_filter, 32); info->num_ports = cptr->num_ports; if (cptr->type == USER_CLIENT) info->pid = pid_vnr(cptr->data.user.owner); else info->pid = -1; if (cptr->type == KERNEL_CLIENT) info->card = cptr->data.kernel.card ? cptr->data.kernel.card->number : -1; else info->card = -1; memset(info->reserved, 0, sizeof(info->reserved)); } static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_client_info(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_client_info *client_info = arg; struct snd_seq_client *cptr; /* requested client number */ cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(client_info->client); if (cptr == NULL) return -ENOENT; /* don't change !!! */ get_client_info(cptr, client_info); snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return 0; } /* CLIENT_INFO ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_set_client_info(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_client_info *client_info = arg; /* it is not allowed to set the info fields for an another client */ if (client->number != client_info->client) return -EPERM; /* also client type must be set now */ if (client->type != client_info->type) return -EINVAL; /* fill the info fields */ if (client_info->name[0]) strscpy(client->name, client_info->name, sizeof(client->name)); client->filter = client_info->filter; client->event_lost = client_info->event_lost; memcpy(client->event_filter, client_info->event_filter, 32); return 0; } /* * CREATE PORT ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_create_port(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_client_port *port; struct snd_seq_port_callback *callback; int port_idx; /* it is not allowed to create the port for an another client */ if (info->addr.client != client->number) return -EPERM; port = snd_seq_create_port(client, (info->flags & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_FLG_GIVEN_PORT) ? info->addr.port : -1); if (port == NULL) return -ENOMEM; if (client->type == USER_CLIENT && info->kernel) { port_idx = port->addr.port; snd_seq_port_unlock(port); snd_seq_delete_port(client, port_idx); return -EINVAL; } if (client->type == KERNEL_CLIENT) { if ((callback = info->kernel) != NULL) { if (callback->owner) port->owner = callback->owner; port->private_data = callback->private_data; port->private_free = callback->private_free; port->event_input = callback->event_input; port->c_src.open = callback->subscribe; port->c_src.close = callback->unsubscribe; port->c_dest.open = callback->use; port->c_dest.close = callback->unuse; } } info->addr = port->addr; snd_seq_set_port_info(port, info); snd_seq_system_client_ev_port_start(port->addr.client, port->addr.port); snd_seq_port_unlock(port); return 0; } /* * DELETE PORT ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_delete_port(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_info *info = arg; int err; /* it is not allowed to remove the port for an another client */ if (info->addr.client != client->number) return -EPERM; err = snd_seq_delete_port(client, info->addr.port); if (err >= 0) snd_seq_system_client_ev_port_exit(client->number, info->addr.port); return err; } /* * GET_PORT_INFO ioctl() (on any client) */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_port_info(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_client *cptr; struct snd_seq_client_port *port; cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(info->addr.client); if (cptr == NULL) return -ENXIO; port = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(cptr, info->addr.port); if (port == NULL) { snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return -ENOENT; /* don't change */ } /* get port info */ snd_seq_get_port_info(port, info); snd_seq_port_unlock(port); snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return 0; } /* * SET_PORT_INFO ioctl() (only ports on this/own client) */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_set_port_info(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_client_port *port; if (info->addr.client != client->number) /* only set our own ports ! */ return -EPERM; port = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(client, info->addr.port); if (port) { snd_seq_set_port_info(port, info); snd_seq_port_unlock(port); } return 0; } /* * port subscription (connection) */ #define PERM_RD (SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_READ|SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_SUBS_READ) #define PERM_WR (SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_WRITE|SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_SUBS_WRITE) static int check_subscription_permission(struct snd_seq_client *client, struct snd_seq_client_port *sport, struct snd_seq_client_port *dport, struct snd_seq_port_subscribe *subs) { if (client->number != subs->sender.client && client->number != subs->dest.client) { /* connection by third client - check export permission */ if (check_port_perm(sport, SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_NO_EXPORT)) return -EPERM; if (check_port_perm(dport, SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_NO_EXPORT)) return -EPERM; } /* check read permission */ /* if sender or receiver is the subscribing client itself, * no permission check is necessary */ if (client->number != subs->sender.client) { if (! check_port_perm(sport, PERM_RD)) return -EPERM; } /* check write permission */ if (client->number != subs->dest.client) { if (! check_port_perm(dport, PERM_WR)) return -EPERM; } return 0; } /* * send an subscription notify event to user client: * client must be user client. */ int snd_seq_client_notify_subscription(int client, int port, struct snd_seq_port_subscribe *info, int evtype) { struct snd_seq_event event; memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event)); event.type = evtype; event.data.connect.dest = info->dest; event.data.connect.sender = info->sender; return snd_seq_system_notify(client, port, &event); /* non-atomic */ } /* * add to port's subscription list IOCTL interface */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_subscribe_port(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_subscribe *subs = arg; int result = -EINVAL; struct snd_seq_client *receiver = NULL, *sender = NULL; struct snd_seq_client_port *sport = NULL, *dport = NULL; if ((receiver = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(subs->dest.client)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((sender = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(subs->sender.client)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((sport = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(sender, subs->sender.port)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((dport = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(receiver, subs->dest.port)) == NULL) goto __end; result = check_subscription_permission(client, sport, dport, subs); if (result < 0) goto __end; /* connect them */ result = snd_seq_port_connect(client, sender, sport, receiver, dport, subs); if (! result) /* broadcast announce */ snd_seq_client_notify_subscription(SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_SUBSCRIBERS, 0, subs, SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_PORT_SUBSCRIBED); __end: if (sport) snd_seq_port_unlock(sport); if (dport) snd_seq_port_unlock(dport); if (sender) snd_seq_client_unlock(sender); if (receiver) snd_seq_client_unlock(receiver); return result; } /* * remove from port's subscription list */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_unsubscribe_port(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_subscribe *subs = arg; int result = -ENXIO; struct snd_seq_client *receiver = NULL, *sender = NULL; struct snd_seq_client_port *sport = NULL, *dport = NULL; if ((receiver = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(subs->dest.client)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((sender = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(subs->sender.client)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((sport = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(sender, subs->sender.port)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((dport = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(receiver, subs->dest.port)) == NULL) goto __end; result = check_subscription_permission(client, sport, dport, subs); if (result < 0) goto __end; result = snd_seq_port_disconnect(client, sender, sport, receiver, dport, subs); if (! result) /* broadcast announce */ snd_seq_client_notify_subscription(SNDRV_SEQ_ADDRESS_SUBSCRIBERS, 0, subs, SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_PORT_UNSUBSCRIBED); __end: if (sport) snd_seq_port_unlock(sport); if (dport) snd_seq_port_unlock(dport); if (sender) snd_seq_client_unlock(sender); if (receiver) snd_seq_client_unlock(receiver); return result; } /* CREATE_QUEUE ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_create_queue(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_queue *q; q = snd_seq_queue_alloc(client->number, info->locked, info->flags); if (IS_ERR(q)) return PTR_ERR(q); info->queue = q->queue; info->locked = q->locked; info->owner = q->owner; /* set queue name */ if (!info->name[0]) snprintf(info->name, sizeof(info->name), "Queue-%d", q->queue); strscpy(q->name, info->name, sizeof(q->name)); snd_use_lock_free(&q->use_lock); return 0; } /* DELETE_QUEUE ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_delete_queue(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_info *info = arg; return snd_seq_queue_delete(client->number, info->queue); } /* GET_QUEUE_INFO ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_info(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_queue *q; q = queueptr(info->queue); if (q == NULL) return -EINVAL; memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); info->queue = q->queue; info->owner = q->owner; info->locked = q->locked; strlcpy(info->name, q->name, sizeof(info->name)); queuefree(q); return 0; } /* SET_QUEUE_INFO ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_info(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_queue *q; if (info->owner != client->number) return -EINVAL; /* change owner/locked permission */ if (snd_seq_queue_check_access(info->queue, client->number)) { if (snd_seq_queue_set_owner(info->queue, client->number, info->locked) < 0) return -EPERM; if (info->locked) snd_seq_queue_use(info->queue, client->number, 1); } else { return -EPERM; } q = queueptr(info->queue); if (! q) return -EINVAL; if (q->owner != client->number) { queuefree(q); return -EPERM; } strscpy(q->name, info->name, sizeof(q->name)); queuefree(q); return 0; } /* GET_NAMED_QUEUE ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_named_queue(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_queue *q; q = snd_seq_queue_find_name(info->name); if (q == NULL) return -EINVAL; info->queue = q->queue; info->owner = q->owner; info->locked = q->locked; queuefree(q); return 0; } /* GET_QUEUE_STATUS ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_status(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_status *status = arg; struct snd_seq_queue *queue; struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; queue = queueptr(status->queue); if (queue == NULL) return -EINVAL; memset(status, 0, sizeof(*status)); status->queue = queue->queue; tmr = queue->timer; status->events = queue->tickq->cells + queue->timeq->cells; status->time = snd_seq_timer_get_cur_time(tmr, true); status->tick = snd_seq_timer_get_cur_tick(tmr); status->running = tmr->running; status->flags = queue->flags; queuefree(queue); return 0; } /* GET_QUEUE_TEMPO ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_tempo(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_tempo *tempo = arg; struct snd_seq_queue *queue; struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; queue = queueptr(tempo->queue); if (queue == NULL) return -EINVAL; memset(tempo, 0, sizeof(*tempo)); tempo->queue = queue->queue; tmr = queue->timer; tempo->tempo = tmr->tempo; tempo->ppq = tmr->ppq; tempo->skew_value = tmr->skew; tempo->skew_base = tmr->skew_base; queuefree(queue); return 0; } /* SET_QUEUE_TEMPO ioctl() */ int snd_seq_set_queue_tempo(int client, struct snd_seq_queue_tempo *tempo) { if (!snd_seq_queue_check_access(tempo->queue, client)) return -EPERM; return snd_seq_queue_timer_set_tempo(tempo->queue, client, tempo); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_seq_set_queue_tempo); static int snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_tempo(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_tempo *tempo = arg; int result; result = snd_seq_set_queue_tempo(client->number, tempo); return result < 0 ? result : 0; } /* GET_QUEUE_TIMER ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_timer(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_timer *timer = arg; struct snd_seq_queue *queue; struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; queue = queueptr(timer->queue); if (queue == NULL) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&queue->timer_mutex); tmr = queue->timer; memset(timer, 0, sizeof(*timer)); timer->queue = queue->queue; timer->type = tmr->type; if (tmr->type == SNDRV_SEQ_TIMER_ALSA) { timer->u.alsa.id = tmr->alsa_id; timer->u.alsa.resolution = tmr->preferred_resolution; } mutex_unlock(&queue->timer_mutex); queuefree(queue); return 0; } /* SET_QUEUE_TIMER ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_timer(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_timer *timer = arg; int result = 0; if (timer->type != SNDRV_SEQ_TIMER_ALSA) return -EINVAL; if (snd_seq_queue_check_access(timer->queue, client->number)) { struct snd_seq_queue *q; struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; q = queueptr(timer->queue); if (q == NULL) return -ENXIO; mutex_lock(&q->timer_mutex); tmr = q->timer; snd_seq_queue_timer_close(timer->queue); tmr->type = timer->type; if (tmr->type == SNDRV_SEQ_TIMER_ALSA) { tmr->alsa_id = timer->u.alsa.id; tmr->preferred_resolution = timer->u.alsa.resolution; } result = snd_seq_queue_timer_open(timer->queue); mutex_unlock(&q->timer_mutex); queuefree(q); } else { return -EPERM; } return result; } /* GET_QUEUE_CLIENT ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_client(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_client *info = arg; int used; used = snd_seq_queue_is_used(info->queue, client->number); if (used < 0) return -EINVAL; info->used = used; info->client = client->number; return 0; } /* SET_QUEUE_CLIENT ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_client(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_queue_client *info = arg; int err; if (info->used >= 0) { err = snd_seq_queue_use(info->queue, client->number, info->used); if (err < 0) return err; } return snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_client(client, arg); } /* GET_CLIENT_POOL ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_client_pool(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_client_pool *info = arg; struct snd_seq_client *cptr; cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(info->client); if (cptr == NULL) return -ENOENT; memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); info->client = cptr->number; info->output_pool = cptr->pool->size; info->output_room = cptr->pool->room; info->output_free = info->output_pool; info->output_free = snd_seq_unused_cells(cptr->pool); if (cptr->type == USER_CLIENT) { info->input_pool = cptr->data.user.fifo_pool_size; info->input_free = info->input_pool; info->input_free = snd_seq_fifo_unused_cells(cptr->data.user.fifo); } else { info->input_pool = 0; info->input_free = 0; } snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return 0; } /* SET_CLIENT_POOL ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_set_client_pool(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_client_pool *info = arg; int rc; if (client->number != info->client) return -EINVAL; /* can't change other clients */ if (info->output_pool >= 1 && info->output_pool <= SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_EVENTS && (! snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(client) || info->output_pool != client->pool->size)) { if (snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(client)) { /* is the pool in use? */ if (atomic_read(&client->pool->counter)) return -EBUSY; /* remove all existing cells */ snd_seq_pool_mark_closing(client->pool); snd_seq_pool_done(client->pool); } client->pool->size = info->output_pool; rc = snd_seq_pool_init(client->pool); if (rc < 0) return rc; } if (client->type == USER_CLIENT && client->data.user.fifo != NULL && info->input_pool >= 1 && info->input_pool <= SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENT_EVENTS && info->input_pool != client->data.user.fifo_pool_size) { /* change pool size */ rc = snd_seq_fifo_resize(client->data.user.fifo, info->input_pool); if (rc < 0) return rc; client->data.user.fifo_pool_size = info->input_pool; } if (info->output_room >= 1 && info->output_room <= client->pool->size) { client->pool->room = info->output_room; } return snd_seq_ioctl_get_client_pool(client, arg); } /* REMOVE_EVENTS ioctl() */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_remove_events(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_remove_events *info = arg; /* * Input mostly not implemented XXX. */ if (info->remove_mode & SNDRV_SEQ_REMOVE_INPUT) { /* * No restrictions so for a user client we can clear * the whole fifo */ if (client->type == USER_CLIENT && client->data.user.fifo) snd_seq_fifo_clear(client->data.user.fifo); } if (info->remove_mode & SNDRV_SEQ_REMOVE_OUTPUT) snd_seq_queue_remove_cells(client->number, info); return 0; } /* * get subscription info */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_get_subscription(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_subscribe *subs = arg; int result; struct snd_seq_client *sender = NULL; struct snd_seq_client_port *sport = NULL; result = -EINVAL; if ((sender = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(subs->sender.client)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((sport = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(sender, subs->sender.port)) == NULL) goto __end; result = snd_seq_port_get_subscription(&sport->c_src, &subs->dest, subs); __end: if (sport) snd_seq_port_unlock(sport); if (sender) snd_seq_client_unlock(sender); return result; } /* * get subscription info - check only its presence */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_query_subs(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_query_subs *subs = arg; int result = -ENXIO; struct snd_seq_client *cptr = NULL; struct snd_seq_client_port *port = NULL; struct snd_seq_port_subs_info *group; struct list_head *p; int i; if ((cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(subs->root.client)) == NULL) goto __end; if ((port = snd_seq_port_use_ptr(cptr, subs->root.port)) == NULL) goto __end; switch (subs->type) { case SNDRV_SEQ_QUERY_SUBS_READ: group = &port->c_src; break; case SNDRV_SEQ_QUERY_SUBS_WRITE: group = &port->c_dest; break; default: goto __end; } down_read(&group->list_mutex); /* search for the subscriber */ subs->num_subs = group->count; i = 0; result = -ENOENT; list_for_each(p, &group->list_head) { if (i++ == subs->index) { /* found! */ struct snd_seq_subscribers *s; if (subs->type == SNDRV_SEQ_QUERY_SUBS_READ) { s = list_entry(p, struct snd_seq_subscribers, src_list); subs->addr = s->info.dest; } else { s = list_entry(p, struct snd_seq_subscribers, dest_list); subs->addr = s->info.sender; } subs->flags = s->info.flags; subs->queue = s->info.queue; result = 0; break; } } up_read(&group->list_mutex); __end: if (port) snd_seq_port_unlock(port); if (cptr) snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return result; } /* * query next client */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_query_next_client(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_client_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_client *cptr = NULL; /* search for next client */ if (info->client < INT_MAX) info->client++; if (info->client < 0) info->client = 0; for (; info->client < SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS; info->client++) { cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(info->client); if (cptr) break; /* found */ } if (cptr == NULL) return -ENOENT; get_client_info(cptr, info); snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return 0; } /* * query next port */ static int snd_seq_ioctl_query_next_port(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg) { struct snd_seq_port_info *info = arg; struct snd_seq_client *cptr; struct snd_seq_client_port *port = NULL; cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(info->addr.client); if (cptr == NULL) return -ENXIO; /* search for next port */ info->addr.port++; port = snd_seq_port_query_nearest(cptr, info); if (port == NULL) { snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return -ENOENT; } /* get port info */ info->addr = port->addr; snd_seq_get_port_info(port, info); snd_seq_port_unlock(port); snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return 0; } /* -------------------------------------------------------- */ static const struct ioctl_handler { unsigned int cmd; int (*func)(struct snd_seq_client *client, void *arg); } ioctl_handlers[] = { { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_PVERSION, snd_seq_ioctl_pversion }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_CLIENT_ID, snd_seq_ioctl_client_id }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SYSTEM_INFO, snd_seq_ioctl_system_info }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_RUNNING_MODE, snd_seq_ioctl_running_mode }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_CLIENT_INFO, snd_seq_ioctl_get_client_info }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_CLIENT_INFO, snd_seq_ioctl_set_client_info }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_CREATE_PORT, snd_seq_ioctl_create_port }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_DELETE_PORT, snd_seq_ioctl_delete_port }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_PORT_INFO, snd_seq_ioctl_get_port_info }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_PORT_INFO, snd_seq_ioctl_set_port_info }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SUBSCRIBE_PORT, snd_seq_ioctl_subscribe_port }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_UNSUBSCRIBE_PORT, snd_seq_ioctl_unsubscribe_port }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_CREATE_QUEUE, snd_seq_ioctl_create_queue }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_DELETE_QUEUE, snd_seq_ioctl_delete_queue }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_QUEUE_INFO, snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_info }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_QUEUE_INFO, snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_info }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_NAMED_QUEUE, snd_seq_ioctl_get_named_queue }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_QUEUE_STATUS, snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_status }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_QUEUE_TEMPO, snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_tempo }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_QUEUE_TEMPO, snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_tempo }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_QUEUE_TIMER, snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_timer }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_QUEUE_TIMER, snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_timer }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_QUEUE_CLIENT, snd_seq_ioctl_get_queue_client }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_QUEUE_CLIENT, snd_seq_ioctl_set_queue_client }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_CLIENT_POOL, snd_seq_ioctl_get_client_pool }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_CLIENT_POOL, snd_seq_ioctl_set_client_pool }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_GET_SUBSCRIPTION, snd_seq_ioctl_get_subscription }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_QUERY_NEXT_CLIENT, snd_seq_ioctl_query_next_client }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_QUERY_NEXT_PORT, snd_seq_ioctl_query_next_port }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_REMOVE_EVENTS, snd_seq_ioctl_remove_events }, { SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_QUERY_SUBS, snd_seq_ioctl_query_subs }, { 0, NULL }, }; static long snd_seq_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct snd_seq_client *client = file->private_data; /* To use kernel stack for ioctl data. */ union { int pversion; int client_id; struct snd_seq_system_info system_info; struct snd_seq_running_info running_info; struct snd_seq_client_info client_info; struct snd_seq_port_info port_info; struct snd_seq_port_subscribe port_subscribe; struct snd_seq_queue_info queue_info; struct snd_seq_queue_status queue_status; struct snd_seq_queue_tempo tempo; struct snd_seq_queue_timer queue_timer; struct snd_seq_queue_client queue_client; struct snd_seq_client_pool client_pool; struct snd_seq_remove_events remove_events; struct snd_seq_query_subs query_subs; } buf; const struct ioctl_handler *handler; unsigned long size; int err; if (snd_BUG_ON(!client)) return -ENXIO; for (handler = ioctl_handlers; handler->cmd > 0; ++handler) { if (handler->cmd == cmd) break; } if (handler->cmd == 0) return -ENOTTY; memset(&buf, 0, sizeof(buf)); /* * All of ioctl commands for ALSA sequencer get an argument of size * within 13 bits. We can safely pick up the size from the command. */ size = _IOC_SIZE(handler->cmd); if (handler->cmd & IOC_IN) { if (copy_from_user(&buf, (const void __user *)arg, size)) return -EFAULT; } mutex_lock(&client->ioctl_mutex); err = handler->func(client, &buf); mutex_unlock(&client->ioctl_mutex); if (err >= 0) { /* Some commands includes a bug in 'dir' field. */ if (handler->cmd == SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_QUEUE_CLIENT || handler->cmd == SNDRV_SEQ_IOCTL_SET_CLIENT_POOL || (handler->cmd & IOC_OUT)) if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &buf, size)) return -EFAULT; } return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include "seq_compat.c" #else #define snd_seq_ioctl_compat NULL #endif /* -------------------------------------------------------- */ /* exported to kernel modules */ int snd_seq_create_kernel_client(struct snd_card *card, int client_index, const char *name_fmt, ...) { struct snd_seq_client *client; va_list args; if (snd_BUG_ON(in_interrupt())) return -EBUSY; if (card && client_index >= SNDRV_SEQ_CLIENTS_PER_CARD) return -EINVAL; if (card == NULL && client_index >= SNDRV_SEQ_GLOBAL_CLIENTS) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&register_mutex); if (card) { client_index += SNDRV_SEQ_GLOBAL_CLIENTS + card->number * SNDRV_SEQ_CLIENTS_PER_CARD; if (client_index >= SNDRV_SEQ_DYNAMIC_CLIENTS_BEGIN) client_index = -1; } /* empty write queue as default */ client = seq_create_client1(client_index, 0); if (client == NULL) { mutex_unlock(&register_mutex); return -EBUSY; /* failure code */ } usage_alloc(&client_usage, 1); client->accept_input = 1; client->accept_output = 1; client->data.kernel.card = card; va_start(args, name_fmt); vsnprintf(client->name, sizeof(client->name), name_fmt, args); va_end(args); client->type = KERNEL_CLIENT; mutex_unlock(&register_mutex); /* make others aware this new client */ snd_seq_system_client_ev_client_start(client->number); /* return client number to caller */ return client->number; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_seq_create_kernel_client); /* exported to kernel modules */ int snd_seq_delete_kernel_client(int client) { struct snd_seq_client *ptr; if (snd_BUG_ON(in_interrupt())) return -EBUSY; ptr = clientptr(client); if (ptr == NULL) return -EINVAL; seq_free_client(ptr); kfree(ptr); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_seq_delete_kernel_client); /* * exported, called by kernel clients to enqueue events (w/o blocking) * * RETURN VALUE: zero if succeed, negative if error */ int snd_seq_kernel_client_enqueue(int client, struct snd_seq_event *ev, struct file *file, bool blocking) { struct snd_seq_client *cptr; int result; if (snd_BUG_ON(!ev)) return -EINVAL; if (ev->type == SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_NONE) return 0; /* ignore this */ if (ev->type == SNDRV_SEQ_EVENT_KERNEL_ERROR) return -EINVAL; /* quoted events can't be enqueued */ /* fill in client number */ ev->source.client = client; if (check_event_type_and_length(ev)) return -EINVAL; cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(client); if (cptr == NULL) return -EINVAL; if (!cptr->accept_output) { result = -EPERM; } else { /* send it */ mutex_lock(&cptr->ioctl_mutex); result = snd_seq_client_enqueue_event(cptr, ev, file, blocking, false, 0, &cptr->ioctl_mutex); mutex_unlock(&cptr->ioctl_mutex); } snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_seq_kernel_client_enqueue); /* * exported, called by kernel clients to dispatch events directly to other * clients, bypassing the queues. Event time-stamp will be updated. * * RETURN VALUE: negative = delivery failed, * zero, or positive: the number of delivered events */ int snd_seq_kernel_client_dispatch(int client, struct snd_seq_event * ev, int atomic, int hop) { struct snd_seq_client *cptr; int result; if (snd_BUG_ON(!ev)) return -EINVAL; /* fill in client number */ ev->queue = SNDRV_SEQ_QUEUE_DIRECT; ev->source.client = client; if (check_event_type_and_length(ev)) return -EINVAL; cptr = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(client); if (cptr == NULL) return -EINVAL; if (!cptr->accept_output) result = -EPERM; else result = snd_seq_deliver_event(cptr, ev, atomic, hop); snd_seq_client_unlock(cptr); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_seq_kernel_client_dispatch); /** * snd_seq_kernel_client_ctl - operate a command for a client with data in * kernel space. * @clientid: A numerical ID for a client. * @cmd: An ioctl(2) command for ALSA sequencer operation. * @arg: A pointer to data in kernel space. * * Against its name, both kernel/application client can be handled by this * kernel API. A pointer of 'arg' argument should be in kernel space. * * Return: 0 at success. Negative error code at failure. */ int snd_seq_kernel_client_ctl(int clientid, unsigned int cmd, void *arg) { const struct ioctl_handler *handler; struct snd_seq_client *client; client = clientptr(clientid); if (client == NULL) return -ENXIO; for (handler = ioctl_handlers; handler->cmd > 0; ++handler) { if (handler->cmd == cmd) return handler->func(client, arg); } pr_debug("ALSA: seq unknown ioctl() 0x%x (type='%c', number=0x%02x)\n", cmd, _IOC_TYPE(cmd), _IOC_NR(cmd)); return -ENOTTY; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_seq_kernel_client_ctl); /* exported (for OSS emulator) */ int snd_seq_kernel_client_write_poll(int clientid, struct file *file, poll_table *wait) { struct snd_seq_client *client; client = clientptr(clientid); if (client == NULL) return -ENXIO; if (! snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(client)) return 1; if (snd_seq_pool_poll_wait(client->pool, file, wait)) return 1; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_seq_kernel_client_write_poll); /*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_PROC_FS /* * /proc interface */ static void snd_seq_info_dump_subscribers(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer, struct snd_seq_port_subs_info *group, int is_src, char *msg) { struct list_head *p; struct snd_seq_subscribers *s; int count = 0; down_read(&group->list_mutex); if (list_empty(&group->list_head)) { up_read(&group->list_mutex); return; } snd_iprintf(buffer, msg); list_for_each(p, &group->list_head) { if (is_src) s = list_entry(p, struct snd_seq_subscribers, src_list); else s = list_entry(p, struct snd_seq_subscribers, dest_list); if (count++) snd_iprintf(buffer, ", "); snd_iprintf(buffer, "%d:%d", is_src ? s->info.dest.client : s->info.sender.client, is_src ? s->info.dest.port : s->info.sender.port); if (s->info.flags & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_SUBS_TIMESTAMP) snd_iprintf(buffer, "[%c:%d]", ((s->info.flags & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_SUBS_TIME_REAL) ? 'r' : 't'), s->info.queue); if (group->exclusive) snd_iprintf(buffer, "[ex]"); } up_read(&group->list_mutex); snd_iprintf(buffer, "\n"); } #define FLAG_PERM_RD(perm) ((perm) & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_READ ? ((perm) & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_SUBS_READ ? 'R' : 'r') : '-') #define FLAG_PERM_WR(perm) ((perm) & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_WRITE ? ((perm) & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_SUBS_WRITE ? 'W' : 'w') : '-') #define FLAG_PERM_EX(perm) ((perm) & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_NO_EXPORT ? '-' : 'e') #define FLAG_PERM_DUPLEX(perm) ((perm) & SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_CAP_DUPLEX ? 'X' : '-') static void snd_seq_info_dump_ports(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer, struct snd_seq_client *client) { struct snd_seq_client_port *p; mutex_lock(&client->ports_mutex); list_for_each_entry(p, &client->ports_list_head, list) { snd_iprintf(buffer, " Port %3d : \"%s\" (%c%c%c%c)\n", p->addr.port, p->name, FLAG_PERM_RD(p->capability), FLAG_PERM_WR(p->capability), FLAG_PERM_EX(p->capability), FLAG_PERM_DUPLEX(p->capability)); snd_seq_info_dump_subscribers(buffer, &p->c_src, 1, " Connecting To: "); snd_seq_info_dump_subscribers(buffer, &p->c_dest, 0, " Connected From: "); } mutex_unlock(&client->ports_mutex); } /* exported to seq_info.c */ void snd_seq_info_clients_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer) { int c; struct snd_seq_client *client; snd_iprintf(buffer, "Client info\n"); snd_iprintf(buffer, " cur clients : %d\n", client_usage.cur); snd_iprintf(buffer, " peak clients : %d\n", client_usage.peak); snd_iprintf(buffer, " max clients : %d\n", SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS); snd_iprintf(buffer, "\n"); /* list the client table */ for (c = 0; c < SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_CLIENTS; c++) { client = snd_seq_client_use_ptr(c); if (client == NULL) continue; if (client->type == NO_CLIENT) { snd_seq_client_unlock(client); continue; } snd_iprintf(buffer, "Client %3d : \"%s\" [%s]\n", c, client->name, client->type == USER_CLIENT ? "User" : "Kernel"); snd_seq_info_dump_ports(buffer, client); if (snd_seq_write_pool_allocated(client)) { snd_iprintf(buffer, " Output pool :\n"); snd_seq_info_pool(buffer, client->pool, " "); } if (client->type == USER_CLIENT && client->data.user.fifo && client->data.user.fifo->pool) { snd_iprintf(buffer, " Input pool :\n"); snd_seq_info_pool(buffer, client->data.user.fifo->pool, " "); } snd_seq_client_unlock(client); } } #endif /* CONFIG_SND_PROC_FS */ /*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * REGISTRATION PART */ static const struct file_operations snd_seq_f_ops = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .read = snd_seq_read, .write = snd_seq_write, .open = snd_seq_open, .release = snd_seq_release, .llseek = no_llseek, .poll = snd_seq_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = snd_seq_ioctl, .compat_ioctl = snd_seq_ioctl_compat, }; static struct device seq_dev; /* * register sequencer device */ int __init snd_sequencer_device_init(void) { int err; snd_device_initialize(&seq_dev, NULL); dev_set_name(&seq_dev, "seq"); mutex_lock(&register_mutex); err = snd_register_device(SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_SEQUENCER, NULL, 0, &snd_seq_f_ops, NULL, &seq_dev); mutex_unlock(&register_mutex); if (err < 0) { put_device(&seq_dev); return err; } return 0; } /* * unregister sequencer device */ void snd_sequencer_device_done(void) { snd_unregister_device(&seq_dev); put_device(&seq_dev); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Security server interface. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * */ #ifndef _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ #define _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "flask.h" #include "policycap.h" #define SECSID_NULL 0x00000000 /* unspecified SID */ #define SECSID_WILD 0xffffffff /* wildcard SID */ #define SECCLASS_NULL 0x0000 /* no class */ /* Identify specific policy version changes */ #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BASE 15 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BOOL 16 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_IPV6 17 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_NLCLASS 18 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_VALIDATETRANS 19 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MLS 19 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_AVTAB 20 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_RANGETRANS 21 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_POLCAP 22 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_PERMISSIVE 23 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BOUNDARY 24 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_FILENAME_TRANS 25 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_ROLETRANS 26 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_NEW_OBJECT_DEFAULTS 27 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_DEFAULT_TYPE 28 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_CONSTRAINT_NAMES 29 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_XPERMS_IOCTL 30 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_INFINIBAND 31 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_GLBLUB 32 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_COMP_FTRANS 33 /* compressed filename transitions */ /* Range of policy versions we understand*/ #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MIN POLICYDB_VERSION_BASE #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MAX POLICYDB_VERSION_COMP_FTRANS /* Mask for just the mount related flags */ #define SE_MNTMASK 0x0f /* Super block security struct flags for mount options */ /* BE CAREFUL, these need to be the low order bits for selinux_get_mnt_opts */ #define CONTEXT_MNT 0x01 #define FSCONTEXT_MNT 0x02 #define ROOTCONTEXT_MNT 0x04 #define DEFCONTEXT_MNT 0x08 #define SBLABEL_MNT 0x10 /* Non-mount related flags */ #define SE_SBINITIALIZED 0x0100 #define SE_SBPROC 0x0200 #define SE_SBGENFS 0x0400 #define SE_SBGENFS_XATTR 0x0800 #define CONTEXT_STR "context" #define FSCONTEXT_STR "fscontext" #define ROOTCONTEXT_STR "rootcontext" #define DEFCONTEXT_STR "defcontext" #define SECLABEL_STR "seclabel" struct netlbl_lsm_secattr; extern int selinux_enabled_boot; /* * type_datum properties * available at the kernel policy version >= POLICYDB_VERSION_BOUNDARY */ #define TYPEDATUM_PROPERTY_PRIMARY 0x0001 #define TYPEDATUM_PROPERTY_ATTRIBUTE 0x0002 /* limitation of boundary depth */ #define POLICYDB_BOUNDS_MAXDEPTH 4 struct selinux_avc; struct selinux_policy; struct selinux_state { #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DISABLE bool disabled; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DEVELOP bool enforcing; #endif bool checkreqprot; bool initialized; bool policycap[__POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_MAX]; struct page *status_page; struct mutex status_lock; struct selinux_avc *avc; struct selinux_policy __rcu *policy; struct mutex policy_mutex; } __randomize_layout; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc); extern struct selinux_state selinux_state; static inline bool selinux_initialized(const struct selinux_state *state) { /* do a synchronized load to avoid race conditions */ return smp_load_acquire(&state->initialized); } static inline void selinux_mark_initialized(struct selinux_state *state) { /* do a synchronized write to avoid race conditions */ smp_store_release(&state->initialized, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DEVELOP static inline bool enforcing_enabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->enforcing); } static inline void enforcing_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { WRITE_ONCE(state->enforcing, value); } #else static inline bool enforcing_enabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return true; } static inline void enforcing_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { } #endif static inline bool checkreqprot_get(const struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->checkreqprot); } static inline void checkreqprot_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { WRITE_ONCE(state->checkreqprot, value); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DISABLE static inline bool selinux_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->disabled); } static inline void selinux_mark_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { WRITE_ONCE(state->disabled, true); } #else static inline bool selinux_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return false; } #endif static inline bool selinux_policycap_netpeer(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_NETPEER]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_openperm(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_OPENPERM]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_extsockclass(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_EXTSOCKCLASS]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_alwaysnetwork(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_ALWAYSNETWORK]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_cgroupseclabel(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_CGROUPSECLABEL]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_nnp_nosuid_transition(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_NNP_NOSUID_TRANSITION]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_genfs_seclabel_symlinks(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_GENFS_SECLABEL_SYMLINKS]); } struct selinux_policy_convert_data; struct selinux_load_state { struct selinux_policy *policy; struct selinux_policy_convert_data *convert_data; }; int security_mls_enabled(struct selinux_state *state); int security_load_policy(struct selinux_state *state, void *data, size_t len, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); void selinux_policy_commit(struct selinux_state *state, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); void selinux_policy_cancel(struct selinux_state *state, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); int security_read_policy(struct selinux_state *state, void **data, size_t *len); int security_policycap_supported(struct selinux_state *state, unsigned int req_cap); #define SEL_VEC_MAX 32 struct av_decision { u32 allowed; u32 auditallow; u32 auditdeny; u32 seqno; u32 flags; }; #define XPERMS_ALLOWED 1 #define XPERMS_AUDITALLOW 2 #define XPERMS_DONTAUDIT 4 #define security_xperm_set(perms, x) (perms[x >> 5] |= 1 << (x & 0x1f)) #define security_xperm_test(perms, x) (1 & (perms[x >> 5] >> (x & 0x1f))) struct extended_perms_data { u32 p[8]; }; struct extended_perms_decision { u8 used; u8 driver; struct extended_perms_data *allowed; struct extended_perms_data *auditallow; struct extended_perms_data *dontaudit; }; struct extended_perms { u16 len; /* length associated decision chain */ struct extended_perms_data drivers; /* flag drivers that are used */ }; /* definitions of av_decision.flags */ #define AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE 0x0001 void security_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms *xperms); void security_compute_xperms_decision(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u8 driver, struct extended_perms_decision *xpermd); void security_compute_av_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd); int security_transition_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, const struct qstr *qstr, u32 *out_sid); int security_transition_sid_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, const char *objname, u32 *out_sid); int security_member_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 *out_sid); int security_change_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 *out_sid); int security_sid_to_context(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_sid_to_context_force(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_sid_to_context_inval(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_context_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *out_sid, gfp_t gfp); int security_context_str_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 *out_sid, gfp_t gfp); int security_context_to_sid_default(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *out_sid, u32 def_sid, gfp_t gfp_flags); int security_context_to_sid_force(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *sid); int security_get_user_sids(struct selinux_state *state, u32 callsid, char *username, u32 **sids, u32 *nel); int security_port_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u8 protocol, u16 port, u32 *out_sid); int security_ib_pkey_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u64 subnet_prefix, u16 pkey_num, u32 *out_sid); int security_ib_endport_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *dev_name, u8 port_num, u32 *out_sid); int security_netif_sid(struct selinux_state *state, char *name, u32 *if_sid); int security_node_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u16 domain, void *addr, u32 addrlen, u32 *out_sid); int security_validate_transition(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid, u32 tasksid, u16 tclass); int security_validate_transition_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid, u32 tasksid, u16 tclass); int security_bounded_transition(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid); int security_sid_mls_copy(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, u32 mls_sid, u32 *new_sid); int security_net_peersid_resolve(struct selinux_state *state, u32 nlbl_sid, u32 nlbl_type, u32 xfrm_sid, u32 *peer_sid); int security_get_classes(struct selinux_policy *policy, char ***classes, int *nclasses); int security_get_permissions(struct selinux_policy *policy, char *class, char ***perms, int *nperms); int security_get_reject_unknown(struct selinux_state *state); int security_get_allow_unknown(struct selinux_state *state); #define SECURITY_FS_USE_XATTR 1 /* use xattr */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_TRANS 2 /* use transition SIDs, e.g. devpts/tmpfs */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_TASK 3 /* use task SIDs, e.g. pipefs/sockfs */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_GENFS 4 /* use the genfs support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_NONE 5 /* no labeling support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_MNTPOINT 6 /* use mountpoint labeling */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_NATIVE 7 /* use native label support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_MAX 7 /* Highest SECURITY_FS_USE_XXX */ int security_fs_use(struct selinux_state *state, struct super_block *sb); int security_genfs_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *fstype, char *name, u16 sclass, u32 *sid); int selinux_policy_genfs_sid(struct selinux_policy *policy, const char *fstype, char *name, u16 sclass, u32 *sid); #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL int security_netlbl_secattr_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr, u32 *sid); int security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); #else static inline int security_netlbl_secattr_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr, u32 *sid) { return -EIDRM; } static inline int security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_NETLABEL */ const char *security_get_initial_sid_context(u32 sid); /* * status notifier using mmap interface */ extern struct page *selinux_kernel_status_page(struct selinux_state *state); #define SELINUX_KERNEL_STATUS_VERSION 1 struct selinux_kernel_status { u32 version; /* version number of thie structure */ u32 sequence; /* sequence number of seqlock logic */ u32 enforcing; /* current setting of enforcing mode */ u32 policyload; /* times of policy reloaded */ u32 deny_unknown; /* current setting of deny_unknown */ /* * The version > 0 supports above members. */ } __packed; extern void selinux_status_update_setenforce(struct selinux_state *state, int enforcing); extern void selinux_status_update_policyload(struct selinux_state *state, int seqno); extern void selinux_complete_init(void); extern int selinux_disable(struct selinux_state *state); extern void exit_sel_fs(void); extern struct path selinux_null; extern struct vfsmount *selinuxfs_mount; extern void selnl_notify_setenforce(int val); extern void selnl_notify_policyload(u32 seqno); extern int selinux_nlmsg_lookup(u16 sclass, u16 nlmsg_type, u32 *perm); extern void avtab_cache_init(void); extern void ebitmap_cache_init(void); extern void hashtab_cache_init(void); extern int security_sidtab_hash_stats(struct selinux_state *state, char *page); #endif /* _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NET_SCM_H #define __LINUX_NET_SCM_H #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* Well, we should have at least one descriptor open * to accept passed FDs 8) */ #define SCM_MAX_FD 253 struct scm_creds { u32 pid; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; }; struct scm_fp_list { short count; short max; struct user_struct *user; struct file *fp[SCM_MAX_FD]; }; struct scm_cookie { struct pid *pid; /* Skb credentials */ struct scm_fp_list *fp; /* Passed files */ struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK u32 secid; /* Passed security ID */ #endif }; void scm_detach_fds(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); void scm_detach_fds_compat(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); int __scm_send(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); void __scm_destroy(struct scm_cookie *scm); struct scm_fp_list *scm_fp_dup(struct scm_fp_list *fpl); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK static __inline__ void unix_get_peersec_dgram(struct socket *sock, struct scm_cookie *scm) { security_socket_getpeersec_dgram(sock, NULL, &scm->secid); } #else static __inline__ void unix_get_peersec_dgram(struct socket *sock, struct scm_cookie *scm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */ static __inline__ void scm_set_cred(struct scm_cookie *scm, struct pid *pid, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid) { scm->pid = get_pid(pid); scm->creds.pid = pid_vnr(pid); scm->creds.uid = uid; scm->creds.gid = gid; } static __inline__ void scm_destroy_cred(struct scm_cookie *scm) { put_pid(scm->pid); scm->pid = NULL; } static __inline__ void scm_destroy(struct scm_cookie *scm) { scm_destroy_cred(scm); if (scm->fp) __scm_destroy(scm); } static __inline__ int scm_send(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm, bool forcecreds) { memset(scm, 0, sizeof(*scm)); scm->creds.uid = INVALID_UID; scm->creds.gid = INVALID_GID; if (forcecreds) scm_set_cred(scm, task_tgid(current), current_uid(), current_gid()); unix_get_peersec_dgram(sock, scm); if (msg->msg_controllen <= 0) return 0; return __scm_send(sock, msg, scm); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK static inline void scm_passec(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm) { char *secdata; u32 seclen; int err; if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSSEC, &sock->flags)) { err = security_secid_to_secctx(scm->secid, &secdata, &seclen); if (!err) { put_cmsg(msg, SOL_SOCKET, SCM_SECURITY, seclen, secdata); security_release_secctx(secdata, seclen); } } } #else static inline void scm_passec(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */ static __inline__ void scm_recv(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm, int flags) { if (!msg->msg_control) { if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags) || scm->fp) msg->msg_flags |= MSG_CTRUNC; scm_destroy(scm); return; } if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags)) { struct user_namespace *current_ns = current_user_ns(); struct ucred ucreds = { .pid = scm->creds.pid, .uid = from_kuid_munged(current_ns, scm->creds.uid), .gid = from_kgid_munged(current_ns, scm->creds.gid), }; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_SOCKET, SCM_CREDENTIALS, sizeof(ucreds), &ucreds); } scm_destroy_cred(scm); scm_passec(sock, msg, scm); if (!scm->fp) return; scm_detach_fds(msg, scm); } #endif /* __LINUX_NET_SCM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NET Generic infrastructure for INET connection oriented protocols. * * Definitions for inet_connection_sock * * Authors: Many people, see the TCP sources * * From code originally in TCP */ #ifndef _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H #define _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> /* Cancel timers, when they are not required. */ #undef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS struct inet_bind_bucket; struct tcp_congestion_ops; /* * Pointers to address related TCP functions * (i.e. things that depend on the address family) */ struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops { int (*queue_xmit)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); void (*send_check)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*rebuild_header)(struct sock *sk); void (*sk_rx_dst_set)(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*conn_request)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *(*syn_recv_sock)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req_unhash, bool *own_req); u16 net_header_len; u16 net_frag_header_len; u16 sockaddr_len; int (*setsockopt)(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int (*getsockopt)(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); void (*addr2sockaddr)(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *); void (*mtu_reduced)(struct sock *sk); }; /** inet_connection_sock - INET connection oriented sock * * @icsk_accept_queue: FIFO of established children * @icsk_bind_hash: Bind node * @icsk_timeout: Timeout * @icsk_retransmit_timer: Resend (no ack) * @icsk_rto: Retransmit timeout * @icsk_pmtu_cookie Last pmtu seen by socket * @icsk_ca_ops Pluggable congestion control hook * @icsk_af_ops Operations which are AF_INET{4,6} specific * @icsk_ulp_ops Pluggable ULP control hook * @icsk_ulp_data ULP private data * @icsk_clean_acked Clean acked data hook * @icsk_listen_portaddr_node hash to the portaddr listener hashtable * @icsk_ca_state: Congestion control state * @icsk_retransmits: Number of unrecovered [RTO] timeouts * @icsk_pending: Scheduled timer event * @icsk_backoff: Backoff * @icsk_syn_retries: Number of allowed SYN (or equivalent) retries * @icsk_probes_out: unanswered 0 window probes * @icsk_ext_hdr_len: Network protocol overhead (IP/IPv6 options) * @icsk_ack: Delayed ACK control data * @icsk_mtup; MTU probing control data * @icsk_probes_tstamp: Probe timestamp (cleared by non-zero window ack) * @icsk_user_timeout: TCP_USER_TIMEOUT value */ struct inet_connection_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member! */ struct inet_sock icsk_inet; struct request_sock_queue icsk_accept_queue; struct inet_bind_bucket *icsk_bind_hash; unsigned long icsk_timeout; struct timer_list icsk_retransmit_timer; struct timer_list icsk_delack_timer; __u32 icsk_rto; __u32 icsk_rto_min; __u32 icsk_delack_max; __u32 icsk_pmtu_cookie; const struct tcp_congestion_ops *icsk_ca_ops; const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops *icsk_af_ops; const struct tcp_ulp_ops *icsk_ulp_ops; void __rcu *icsk_ulp_data; void (*icsk_clean_acked)(struct sock *sk, u32 acked_seq); struct hlist_node icsk_listen_portaddr_node; unsigned int (*icsk_sync_mss)(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu); __u8 icsk_ca_state:5, icsk_ca_initialized:1, icsk_ca_setsockopt:1, icsk_ca_dst_locked:1; __u8 icsk_retransmits; __u8 icsk_pending; __u8 icsk_backoff; __u8 icsk_syn_retries; __u8 icsk_probes_out; __u16 icsk_ext_hdr_len; struct { __u8 pending; /* ACK is pending */ __u8 quick; /* Scheduled number of quick acks */ __u8 pingpong; /* The session is interactive */ __u8 retry; /* Number of attempts */ __u32 ato; /* Predicted tick of soft clock */ unsigned long timeout; /* Currently scheduled timeout */ __u32 lrcvtime; /* timestamp of last received data packet */ __u16 last_seg_size; /* Size of last incoming segment */ __u16 rcv_mss; /* MSS used for delayed ACK decisions */ } icsk_ack; struct { int enabled; /* Range of MTUs to search */ int search_high; int search_low; /* Information on the current probe. */ int probe_size; u32 probe_timestamp; } icsk_mtup; u32 icsk_probes_tstamp; u32 icsk_user_timeout; u64 icsk_ca_priv[104 / sizeof(u64)]; #define ICSK_CA_PRIV_SIZE (13 * sizeof(u64)) }; #define ICSK_TIME_RETRANS 1 /* Retransmit timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_DACK 2 /* Delayed ack timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_PROBE0 3 /* Zero window probe timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_EARLY_RETRANS 4 /* Early retransmit timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_LOSS_PROBE 5 /* Tail loss probe timer */ #define ICSK_TIME_REO_TIMEOUT 6 /* Reordering timer */ static inline struct inet_connection_sock *inet_csk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct inet_connection_sock *)sk; } static inline void *inet_csk_ca(const struct sock *sk) { return (void *)inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_priv; } struct sock *inet_csk_clone_lock(const struct sock *sk, const struct request_sock *req, const gfp_t priority); enum inet_csk_ack_state_t { ICSK_ACK_SCHED = 1, ICSK_ACK_TIMER = 2, ICSK_ACK_PUSHED = 4, ICSK_ACK_PUSHED2 = 8, ICSK_ACK_NOW = 16 /* Send the next ACK immediately (once) */ }; void inet_csk_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk, void (*retransmit_handler)(struct timer_list *), void (*delack_handler)(struct timer_list *), void (*keepalive_handler)(struct timer_list *)); void inet_csk_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk); static inline void inet_csk_schedule_ack(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pending |= ICSK_ACK_SCHED; } static inline int inet_csk_ack_scheduled(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pending & ICSK_ACK_SCHED; } static inline void inet_csk_delack_init(struct sock *sk) { memset(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack, 0, sizeof(inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack)); } void inet_csk_delete_keepalive_timer(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_reset_keepalive_timer(struct sock *sk, unsigned long timeout); static inline void inet_csk_clear_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (what == ICSK_TIME_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_PROBE0) { icsk->icsk_pending = 0; #ifdef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS sk_stop_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer); #endif } else if (what == ICSK_TIME_DACK) { icsk->icsk_ack.pending = 0; icsk->icsk_ack.retry = 0; #ifdef INET_CSK_CLEAR_TIMERS sk_stop_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer); #endif } else { pr_debug("inet_csk BUG: unknown timer value\n"); } } /* * Reset the retransmission timer */ static inline void inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what, unsigned long when, const unsigned long max_when) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (when > max_when) { pr_debug("reset_xmit_timer: sk=%p %d when=0x%lx, caller=%p\n", sk, what, when, (void *)_THIS_IP_); when = max_when; } if (what == ICSK_TIME_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_PROBE0 || what == ICSK_TIME_EARLY_RETRANS || what == ICSK_TIME_LOSS_PROBE || what == ICSK_TIME_REO_TIMEOUT) { icsk->icsk_pending = what; icsk->icsk_timeout = jiffies + when; sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer, icsk->icsk_timeout); } else if (what == ICSK_TIME_DACK) { icsk->icsk_ack.pending |= ICSK_ACK_TIMER; icsk->icsk_ack.timeout = jiffies + when; sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer, icsk->icsk_ack.timeout); } else { pr_debug("inet_csk BUG: unknown timer value\n"); } } static inline unsigned long inet_csk_rto_backoff(const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, unsigned long max_when) { u64 when = (u64)icsk->icsk_rto << icsk->icsk_backoff; return (unsigned long)min_t(u64, when, max_when); } struct sock *inet_csk_accept(struct sock *sk, int flags, int *err, bool kern); int inet_csk_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_route_req(const struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct request_sock *req); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_route_child_sock(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk, const struct request_sock *req); struct sock *inet_csk_reqsk_queue_add(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, struct sock *child); void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_hash_add(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, unsigned long timeout); struct sock *inet_csk_complete_hashdance(struct sock *sk, struct sock *child, struct request_sock *req, bool own_req); static inline void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_added(struct sock *sk) { reqsk_queue_added(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue); } static inline int inet_csk_reqsk_queue_len(const struct sock *sk) { return reqsk_queue_len(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue); } static inline int inet_csk_reqsk_queue_is_full(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk_reqsk_queue_len(sk) >= sk->sk_max_ack_backlog; } bool inet_csk_reqsk_queue_drop(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void inet_csk_reqsk_queue_drop_and_put(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); static inline void inet_csk_prepare_for_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk) { /* The below has to be done to allow calling inet_csk_destroy_sock */ sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD); percpu_counter_inc(sk->sk_prot->orphan_count); } void inet_csk_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_prepare_forced_close(struct sock *sk); /* * LISTEN is a special case for poll.. */ static inline __poll_t inet_csk_listen_poll(const struct sock *sk) { return !reqsk_queue_empty(&inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue) ? (EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM) : 0; } int inet_csk_listen_start(struct sock *sk, int backlog); void inet_csk_listen_stop(struct sock *sk); void inet_csk_addr2sockaddr(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr); /* update the fast reuse flag when adding a socket */ void inet_csk_update_fastreuse(struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, struct sock *sk); struct dst_entry *inet_csk_update_pmtu(struct sock *sk, u32 mtu); #define TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH 3 static inline void inet_csk_enter_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong = TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH; } static inline void inet_csk_exit_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong = 0; } static inline bool inet_csk_in_pingpong_mode(struct sock *sk) { return inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.pingpong >= TCP_PINGPONG_THRESH; } static inline void inet_csk_inc_pingpong_cnt(struct sock *sk) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong < U8_MAX) icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong++; } static inline bool inet_csk_has_ulp(struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->is_icsk && !!inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ulp_ops; } #endif /* _INET_CONNECTION_SOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SIGNAL_H #define _LINUX_SIGNAL_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/string.h> struct task_struct; /* for sysctl */ extern int print_fatal_signals; static inline void copy_siginfo(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from) { memcpy(to, from, sizeof(*to)); } static inline void clear_siginfo(kernel_siginfo_t *info) { memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); } #define SI_EXPANSION_SIZE (sizeof(struct siginfo) - sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo)) static inline void copy_siginfo_to_external(siginfo_t *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from) { memcpy(to, from, sizeof(*from)); memset(((char *)to) + sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo), 0, SI_EXPANSION_SIZE); } int copy_siginfo_to_user(siginfo_t __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); int copy_siginfo_from_user(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const siginfo_t __user *from); enum siginfo_layout { SIL_KILL, SIL_TIMER, SIL_POLL, SIL_FAULT, SIL_FAULT_MCEERR, SIL_FAULT_BNDERR, SIL_FAULT_PKUERR, SIL_CHLD, SIL_RT, SIL_SYS, }; enum siginfo_layout siginfo_layout(unsigned sig, int si_code); /* * Define some primitives to manipulate sigset_t. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_BITOPS #include <linux/bitops.h> /* We don't use <linux/bitops.h> for these because there is no need to be atomic. */ static inline void sigaddset(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) set->sig[0] |= 1UL << sig; else set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] |= 1UL << (sig % _NSIG_BPW); } static inline void sigdelset(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) set->sig[0] &= ~(1UL << sig); else set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] &= ~(1UL << (sig % _NSIG_BPW)); } static inline int sigismember(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) return 1 & (set->sig[0] >> sig); else return 1 & (set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] >> (sig % _NSIG_BPW)); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_BITOPS */ static inline int sigisemptyset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: return (set->sig[3] | set->sig[2] | set->sig[1] | set->sig[0]) == 0; case 2: return (set->sig[1] | set->sig[0]) == 0; case 1: return set->sig[0] == 0; default: BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } } static inline int sigequalsets(const sigset_t *set1, const sigset_t *set2) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: return (set1->sig[3] == set2->sig[3]) && (set1->sig[2] == set2->sig[2]) && (set1->sig[1] == set2->sig[1]) && (set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]); case 2: return (set1->sig[1] == set2->sig[1]) && (set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]); case 1: return set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]; } return 0; } #define sigmask(sig) (1UL << ((sig) - 1)) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_SETOPS #include <linux/string.h> #define _SIG_SET_BINOP(name, op) \ static inline void name(sigset_t *r, const sigset_t *a, const sigset_t *b) \ { \ unsigned long a0, a1, a2, a3, b0, b1, b2, b3; \ \ switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { \ case 4: \ a3 = a->sig[3]; a2 = a->sig[2]; \ b3 = b->sig[3]; b2 = b->sig[2]; \ r->sig[3] = op(a3, b3); \ r->sig[2] = op(a2, b2); \ fallthrough; \ case 2: \ a1 = a->sig[1]; b1 = b->sig[1]; \ r->sig[1] = op(a1, b1); \ fallthrough; \ case 1: \ a0 = a->sig[0]; b0 = b->sig[0]; \ r->sig[0] = op(a0, b0); \ break; \ default: \ BUILD_BUG(); \ } \ } #define _sig_or(x,y) ((x) | (y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigorsets, _sig_or) #define _sig_and(x,y) ((x) & (y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigandsets, _sig_and) #define _sig_andn(x,y) ((x) & ~(y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigandnsets, _sig_andn) #undef _SIG_SET_BINOP #undef _sig_or #undef _sig_and #undef _sig_andn #define _SIG_SET_OP(name, op) \ static inline void name(sigset_t *set) \ { \ switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { \ case 4: set->sig[3] = op(set->sig[3]); \ set->sig[2] = op(set->sig[2]); \ fallthrough; \ case 2: set->sig[1] = op(set->sig[1]); \ fallthrough; \ case 1: set->sig[0] = op(set->sig[0]); \ break; \ default: \ BUILD_BUG(); \ } \ } #define _sig_not(x) (~(x)) _SIG_SET_OP(signotset, _sig_not) #undef _SIG_SET_OP #undef _sig_not static inline void sigemptyset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(set, 0, sizeof(sigset_t)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = 0; fallthrough; case 1: set->sig[0] = 0; break; } } static inline void sigfillset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(set, -1, sizeof(sigset_t)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = -1; fallthrough; case 1: set->sig[0] = -1; break; } } /* Some extensions for manipulating the low 32 signals in particular. */ static inline void sigaddsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] |= mask; } static inline void sigdelsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] &= ~mask; } static inline int sigtestsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { return (set->sig[0] & mask) != 0; } static inline void siginitset(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] = mask; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(&set->sig[1], 0, sizeof(long)*(_NSIG_WORDS-1)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = 0; break; case 1: ; } } static inline void siginitsetinv(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] = ~mask; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(&set->sig[1], -1, sizeof(long)*(_NSIG_WORDS-1)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = -1; break; case 1: ; } } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_SETOPS */ static inline void init_sigpending(struct sigpending *sig) { sigemptyset(&sig->signal); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->list); } extern void flush_sigqueue(struct sigpending *queue); /* Test if 'sig' is valid signal. Use this instead of testing _NSIG directly */ static inline int valid_signal(unsigned long sig) { return sig <= _NSIG ? 1 : 0; } struct timespec; struct pt_regs; enum pid_type; extern int next_signal(struct sigpending *pending, sigset_t *mask); extern int do_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type); extern int group_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type); extern int __group_send_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *); extern int sigprocmask(int, sigset_t *, sigset_t *); extern void set_current_blocked(sigset_t *); extern void __set_current_blocked(const sigset_t *); extern int show_unhandled_signals; extern bool get_signal(struct ksignal *ksig); extern void signal_setup_done(int failed, struct ksignal *ksig, int stepping); extern void exit_signals(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void kernel_sigaction(int, __sighandler_t); #define SIG_KTHREAD ((__force __sighandler_t)2) #define SIG_KTHREAD_KERNEL ((__force __sighandler_t)3) static inline void allow_signal(int sig) { /* * Kernel threads handle their own signals. Let the signal code * know it'll be handled, so that they don't get converted to * SIGKILL or just silently dropped. */ kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_KTHREAD); } static inline void allow_kernel_signal(int sig) { /* * Kernel threads handle their own signals. Let the signal code * know signals sent by the kernel will be handled, so that they * don't get silently dropped. */ kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_KTHREAD_KERNEL); } static inline void disallow_signal(int sig) { kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_IGN); } extern struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep; extern bool unhandled_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig); /* * In POSIX a signal is sent either to a specific thread (Linux task) * or to the process as a whole (Linux thread group). How the signal * is sent determines whether it's to one thread or the whole group, * which determines which signal mask(s) are involved in blocking it * from being delivered until later. When the signal is delivered, * either it's caught or ignored by a user handler or it has a default * effect that applies to the whole thread group (POSIX process). * * The possible effects an unblocked signal set to SIG_DFL can have are: * ignore - Nothing Happens * terminate - kill the process, i.e. all threads in the group, * similar to exit_group. The group leader (only) reports * WIFSIGNALED status to its parent. * coredump - write a core dump file describing all threads using * the same mm and then kill all those threads * stop - stop all the threads in the group, i.e. TASK_STOPPED state * * SIGKILL and SIGSTOP cannot be caught, blocked, or ignored. * Other signals when not blocked and set to SIG_DFL behaves as follows. * The job control signals also have other special effects. * * +--------------------+------------------+ * | POSIX signal | default action | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | SIGHUP | terminate | * | SIGINT | terminate | * | SIGQUIT | coredump | * | SIGILL | coredump | * | SIGTRAP | coredump | * | SIGABRT/SIGIOT | coredump | * | SIGBUS | coredump | * | SIGFPE | coredump | * | SIGKILL | terminate(+) | * | SIGUSR1 | terminate | * | SIGSEGV | coredump | * | SIGUSR2 | terminate | * | SIGPIPE | terminate | * | SIGALRM | terminate | * | SIGTERM | terminate | * | SIGCHLD | ignore | * | SIGCONT | ignore(*) | * | SIGSTOP | stop(*)(+) | * | SIGTSTP | stop(*) | * | SIGTTIN | stop(*) | * | SIGTTOU | stop(*) | * | SIGURG | ignore | * | SIGXCPU | coredump | * | SIGXFSZ | coredump | * | SIGVTALRM | terminate | * | SIGPROF | terminate | * | SIGPOLL/SIGIO | terminate | * | SIGSYS/SIGUNUSED | coredump | * | SIGSTKFLT | terminate | * | SIGWINCH | ignore | * | SIGPWR | terminate | * | SIGRTMIN-SIGRTMAX | terminate | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | non-POSIX signal | default action | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | SIGEMT | coredump | * +--------------------+------------------+ * * (+) For SIGKILL and SIGSTOP the action is "always", not just "default". * (*) Special job control effects: * When SIGCONT is sent, it resumes the process (all threads in the group) * from TASK_STOPPED state and also clears any pending/queued stop signals * (any of those marked with "stop(*)"). This happens regardless of blocking, * catching, or ignoring SIGCONT. When any stop signal is sent, it clears * any pending/queued SIGCONT signals; this happens regardless of blocking, * catching, or ignored the stop signal, though (except for SIGSTOP) the * default action of stopping the process may happen later or never. */ #ifdef SIGEMT #define SIGEMT_MASK rt_sigmask(SIGEMT) #else #define SIGEMT_MASK 0 #endif #if SIGRTMIN > BITS_PER_LONG #define rt_sigmask(sig) (1ULL << ((sig)-1)) #else #define rt_sigmask(sig) sigmask(sig) #endif #define siginmask(sig, mask) \ ((sig) > 0 && (sig) < SIGRTMIN && (rt_sigmask(sig) & (mask))) #define SIG_KERNEL_ONLY_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGKILL) | rt_sigmask(SIGSTOP)) #define SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGSTOP) | rt_sigmask(SIGTSTP) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTTIN) | rt_sigmask(SIGTTOU) ) #define SIG_KERNEL_COREDUMP_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGQUIT) | rt_sigmask(SIGILL) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTRAP) | rt_sigmask(SIGABRT) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGFPE) | rt_sigmask(SIGSEGV) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGBUS) | rt_sigmask(SIGSYS) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGXCPU) | rt_sigmask(SIGXFSZ) | \ SIGEMT_MASK ) #define SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGCONT) | rt_sigmask(SIGCHLD) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGWINCH) | rt_sigmask(SIGURG) ) #define SIG_SPECIFIC_SICODES_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGILL) | rt_sigmask(SIGFPE) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGSEGV) | rt_sigmask(SIGBUS) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTRAP) | rt_sigmask(SIGCHLD) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGPOLL) | rt_sigmask(SIGSYS) | \ SIGEMT_MASK ) #define sig_kernel_only(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_ONLY_MASK) #define sig_kernel_coredump(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_COREDUMP_MASK) #define sig_kernel_ignore(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK) #define sig_kernel_stop(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK) #define sig_specific_sicodes(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_SPECIFIC_SICODES_MASK) #define sig_fatal(t, signr) \ (!siginmask(signr, SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK|SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK) && \ (t)->sighand->action[(signr)-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_DFL) void signals_init(void); int restore_altstack(const stack_t __user *); int __save_altstack(stack_t __user *, unsigned long); #define unsafe_save_altstack(uss, sp, label) do { \ stack_t __user *__uss = uss; \ struct task_struct *t = current; \ unsafe_put_user((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp, &__uss->ss_sp, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &__uss->ss_flags, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &__uss->ss_size, label); \ if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) \ sas_ss_reset(t); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct seq_file; extern void render_sigset_t(struct seq_file *, const char *, sigset_t *); #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SIGNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A hash table (hashtab) maintains associations between * key values and datum values. The type of the key values * and the type of the datum values is arbitrary. The * functions for hash computation and key comparison are * provided by the creator of the table. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_HASHTAB_H_ #define _SS_HASHTAB_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #define HASHTAB_MAX_NODES U32_MAX struct hashtab_key_params { u32 (*hash)(const void *key); /* hash function */ int (*cmp)(const void *key1, const void *key2); /* key comparison function */ }; struct hashtab_node { void *key; void *datum; struct hashtab_node *next; }; struct hashtab { struct hashtab_node **htable; /* hash table */ u32 size; /* number of slots in hash table */ u32 nel; /* number of elements in hash table */ }; struct hashtab_info { u32 slots_used; u32 max_chain_len; }; /* * Initializes a new hash table with the specified characteristics. * * Returns -ENOMEM if insufficient space is available or 0 otherwise. */ int hashtab_init(struct hashtab *h, u32 nel_hint); int __hashtab_insert(struct hashtab *h, struct hashtab_node **dst, void *key, void *datum); /* * Inserts the specified (key, datum) pair into the specified hash table. * * Returns -ENOMEM on memory allocation error, * -EEXIST if there is already an entry with the same key, * -EINVAL for general errors or 0 otherwise. */ static inline int hashtab_insert(struct hashtab *h, void *key, void *datum, struct hashtab_key_params key_params) { u32 hvalue; struct hashtab_node *prev, *cur; cond_resched(); if (!h->size || h->nel == HASHTAB_MAX_NODES) return -EINVAL; hvalue = key_params.hash(key) & (h->size - 1); prev = NULL; cur = h->htable[hvalue]; while (cur) { int cmp = key_params.cmp(key, cur->key); if (cmp == 0) return -EEXIST; if (cmp < 0) break; prev = cur; cur = cur->next; } return __hashtab_insert(h, prev ? &prev->next : &h->htable[hvalue], key, datum); } /* * Searches for the entry with the specified key in the hash table. * * Returns NULL if no entry has the specified key or * the datum of the entry otherwise. */ static inline void *hashtab_search(struct hashtab *h, const void *key, struct hashtab_key_params key_params) { u32 hvalue; struct hashtab_node *cur; if (!h->size) return NULL; hvalue = key_params.hash(key) & (h->size - 1); cur = h->htable[hvalue]; while (cur) { int cmp = key_params.cmp(key, cur->key); if (cmp == 0) return cur->datum; if (cmp < 0) break; cur = cur->next; } return NULL; } /* * Destroys the specified hash table. */ void hashtab_destroy(struct hashtab *h); /* * Applies the specified apply function to (key,datum,args) * for each entry in the specified hash table. * * The order in which the function is applied to the entries * is dependent upon the internal structure of the hash table. * * If apply returns a non-zero status, then hashtab_map will cease * iterating through the hash table and will propagate the error * return to its caller. */ int hashtab_map(struct hashtab *h, int (*apply)(void *k, void *d, void *args), void *args); int hashtab_duplicate(struct hashtab *new, struct hashtab *orig, int (*copy)(struct hashtab_node *new, struct hashtab_node *orig, void *args), int (*destroy)(void *k, void *d, void *args), void *args); /* Fill info with some hash table statistics */ void hashtab_stat(struct hashtab *h, struct hashtab_info *info); #endif /* _SS_HASHTAB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM fib #if !defined(_TRACE_FIB_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_FIB_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(fib_table_lookup, TP_PROTO(u32 tb_id, const struct flowi4 *flp, const struct fib_nh_common *nhc, int err), TP_ARGS(tb_id, flp, nhc, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( u32, tb_id ) __field( int, err ) __field( int, oif ) __field( int, iif ) __field( u8, proto ) __field( __u8, tos ) __field( __u8, scope ) __field( __u8, flags ) __array( __u8, src, 4 ) __array( __u8, dst, 4 ) __array( __u8, gw4, 4 ) __array( __u8, gw6, 16 ) __field( u16, sport ) __field( u16, dport ) __dynamic_array(char, name, IFNAMSIZ ) ), TP_fast_assign( struct in6_addr in6_zero = {}; struct net_device *dev; struct in6_addr *in6; __be32 *p32; __entry->tb_id = tb_id; __entry->err = err; __entry->oif = flp->flowi4_oif; __entry->iif = flp->flowi4_iif; __entry->tos = flp->flowi4_tos; __entry->scope = flp->flowi4_scope; __entry->flags = flp->flowi4_flags; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->src; *p32 = flp->saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->dst; *p32 = flp->daddr; __entry->proto = flp->flowi4_proto; if (__entry->proto == IPPROTO_TCP || __entry->proto == IPPROTO_UDP) { __entry->sport = ntohs(flp->fl4_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(flp->fl4_dport); } else { __entry->sport = 0; __entry->dport = 0; } dev = nhc ? nhc->nhc_dev : NULL; __assign_str(name, dev ? dev->name : "-"); if (nhc) { if (nhc->nhc_gw_family == AF_INET) { p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->gw4; *p32 = nhc->nhc_gw.ipv4; in6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->gw6; *in6 = in6_zero; } else if (nhc->nhc_gw_family == AF_INET6) { p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->gw4; *p32 = 0; in6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->gw6; *in6 = nhc->nhc_gw.ipv6; } } else { p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->gw4; *p32 = 0; in6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->gw6; *in6 = in6_zero; } ), TP_printk("table %u oif %d iif %d proto %u %pI4/%u -> %pI4/%u tos %d scope %d flags %x ==> dev %s gw %pI4/%pI6c err %d", __entry->tb_id, __entry->oif, __entry->iif, __entry->proto, __entry->src, __entry->sport, __entry->dst, __entry->dport, __entry->tos, __entry->scope, __entry->flags, __get_str(name), __entry->gw4, __entry->gw6, __entry->err) ); #endif /* _TRACE_FIB_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H #define _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H /* * Checksums for x86-64 * Copyright 2002 by Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs * with some code from asm-x86/checksum.h */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /** * csum_fold - Fold and invert a 32bit checksum. * sum: 32bit unfolded sum * * Fold a 32bit running checksum to 16bit and invert it. This is usually * the last step before putting a checksum into a packet. * Make sure not to mix with 64bit checksums. */ static inline __sum16 csum_fold(__wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1,%0\n" " adcl $0xffff,%0" : "=r" (sum) : "r" ((__force u32)sum << 16), "0" ((__force u32)sum & 0xffff0000)); return (__force __sum16)(~(__force u32)sum >> 16); } /* * This is a version of ip_compute_csum() optimized for IP headers, * which always checksum on 4 octet boundaries. * * By Jorge Cwik <jorge@laser.satlink.net>, adapted for linux by * Arnt Gulbrandsen. */ /** * ip_fast_csum - Compute the IPv4 header checksum efficiently. * iph: ipv4 header * ihl: length of header / 4 */ static inline __sum16 ip_fast_csum(const void *iph, unsigned int ihl) { unsigned int sum; asm(" movl (%1), %0\n" " subl $4, %2\n" " jbe 2f\n" " addl 4(%1), %0\n" " adcl 8(%1), %0\n" " adcl 12(%1), %0\n" "1: adcl 16(%1), %0\n" " lea 4(%1), %1\n" " decl %2\n" " jne 1b\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " movl %0, %2\n" " shrl $16, %0\n" " addw %w2, %w0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " notl %0\n" "2:" /* Since the input registers which are loaded with iph and ihl are modified, we must also specify them as outputs, or gcc will assume they contain their original values. */ : "=r" (sum), "=r" (iph), "=r" (ihl) : "1" (iph), "2" (ihl) : "memory"); return (__force __sum16)sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_nofold - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the pseudo header checksum the input data. Result is * 32bit unfolded. */ static inline __wsum csum_tcpudp_nofold(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1, %0\n" " adcl %2, %0\n" " adcl %3, %0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" : "=r" (sum) : "g" (daddr), "g" (saddr), "g" ((len + proto)<<8), "0" (sum)); return sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_magic - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 16bit pseudo header checksum the input data already * complemented and ready to be filled in. */ static inline __sum16 csum_tcpudp_magic(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { return csum_fold(csum_tcpudp_nofold(saddr, daddr, len, proto, sum)); } /** * csum_partial - Compute an internet checksum. * @buff: buffer to be checksummed * @len: length of buffer. * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 32bit unfolded internet checksum of the buffer. * Before filling it in it needs to be csum_fold()'ed. * buff should be aligned to a 64bit boundary if possible. */ extern __wsum csum_partial(const void *buff, int len, __wsum sum); /* Do not call this directly. Use the wrappers below */ extern __visible __wsum csum_partial_copy_generic(const void *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src, void __user *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_partial_copy_nocheck(const void *src, void *dst, int len); /** * ip_compute_csum - Compute an 16bit IP checksum. * @buff: buffer address. * @len: length of buffer. * * Returns the 16bit folded/inverted checksum of the passed buffer. * Ready to fill in. */ extern __sum16 ip_compute_csum(const void *buff, int len); /** * csum_ipv6_magic - Compute checksum of an IPv6 pseudo header. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum (32bit unfolded) to be added in * * Computes an IPv6 pseudo header checksum. This sum is added the checksum * into UDP/TCP packets and contains some link layer information. * Returns the unfolded 32bit checksum. */ struct in6_addr; #define _HAVE_ARCH_IPV6_CSUM 1 extern __sum16 csum_ipv6_magic(const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum); static inline unsigned add32_with_carry(unsigned a, unsigned b) { asm("addl %2,%0\n\t" "adcl $0,%0" : "=r" (a) : "0" (a), "rm" (b)); return a; } #define HAVE_ARCH_CSUM_ADD static inline __wsum csum_add(__wsum csum, __wsum addend) { return (__force __wsum)add32_with_carry((__force unsigned)csum, (__force unsigned)addend); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2006, Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/leds.h> #include "ieee80211_i.h" #define MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY 50 /* ms */ static inline void ieee80211_led_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->rx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->rx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } static inline void ieee80211_led_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->tx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->tx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated); void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled); void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off); #else static inline void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled) { } static inline void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off) { } #endif static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->tx_bytes += bytes; #endif } static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->rx_bytes += bytes; #endif }
2 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H #define __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H /* * include/linux/spinlock.h - generic spinlock/rwlock declarations * * here's the role of the various spinlock/rwlock related include files: * * on SMP builds: * * asm/spinlock_types.h: contains the arch_spinlock_t/arch_rwlock_t and the * initializers * * linux/spinlock_types.h: * defines the generic type and initializers * * asm/spinlock.h: contains the arch_spin_*()/etc. lowlevel * implementations, mostly inline assembly code * * (also included on UP-debug builds:) * * linux/spinlock_api_smp.h: * contains the prototypes for the _spin_*() APIs. * * linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs. * * on UP builds: * * linux/spinlock_type_up.h: * contains the generic, simplified UP spinlock type. * (which is an empty structure on non-debug builds) * * linux/spinlock_types.h: * defines the generic type and initializers * * linux/spinlock_up.h: * contains the arch_spin_*()/etc. version of UP * builds. (which are NOPs on non-debug, non-preempt * builds) * * (included on UP-non-debug builds:) * * linux/spinlock_api_up.h: * builds the _spin_*() APIs. * * linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs. */ #include <linux/typecheck.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> #include <asm/mmiowb.h> /* * Must define these before including other files, inline functions need them */ #define LOCK_SECTION_NAME ".text..lock."KBUILD_BASENAME #define LOCK_SECTION_START(extra) \ ".subsection 1\n\t" \ extra \ ".ifndef " LOCK_SECTION_NAME "\n\t" \ LOCK_SECTION_NAME ":\n\t" \ ".endif\n" #define LOCK_SECTION_END \ ".previous\n\t" #define __lockfunc __section(".spinlock.text") /* * Pull the arch_spinlock_t and arch_rwlock_t definitions: */ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> /* * Pull the arch_spin*() functions/declarations (UP-nondebug doesn't need them): */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # include <asm/spinlock.h> #else # include <linux/spinlock_up.h> #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK extern void __raw_spin_lock_init(raw_spinlock_t *lock, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key, short inner); # define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __raw_spin_lock_init((lock), #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_SPIN); \ } while (0) #else # define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { *(lock) = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lock); } while (0) #endif #define raw_spin_is_locked(lock) arch_spin_is_locked(&(lock)->raw_lock) #ifdef arch_spin_is_contended #define raw_spin_is_contended(lock) arch_spin_is_contended(&(lock)->raw_lock) #else #define raw_spin_is_contended(lock) (((void)(lock), 0)) #endif /*arch_spin_is_contended*/ /* * smp_mb__after_spinlock() provides the equivalent of a full memory barrier * between program-order earlier lock acquisitions and program-order later * memory accesses. * * This guarantees that the following two properties hold: * * 1) Given the snippet: * * { X = 0; Y = 0; } * * CPU0 CPU1 * * WRITE_ONCE(X, 1); WRITE_ONCE(Y, 1); * spin_lock(S); smp_mb(); * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); r1 = READ_ONCE(X); * r0 = READ_ONCE(Y); * spin_unlock(S); * * it is forbidden that CPU0 does not observe CPU1's store to Y (r0 = 0) * and CPU1 does not observe CPU0's store to X (r1 = 0); see the comments * preceding the call to smp_mb__after_spinlock() in __schedule() and in * try_to_wake_up(). * * 2) Given the snippet: * * { X = 0; Y = 0; } * * CPU0 CPU1 CPU2 * * spin_lock(S); spin_lock(S); r1 = READ_ONCE(Y); * WRITE_ONCE(X, 1); smp_mb__after_spinlock(); smp_rmb(); * spin_unlock(S); r0 = READ_ONCE(X); r2 = READ_ONCE(X); * WRITE_ONCE(Y, 1); * spin_unlock(S); * * it is forbidden that CPU0's critical section executes before CPU1's * critical section (r0 = 1), CPU2 observes CPU1's store to Y (r1 = 1) * and CPU2 does not observe CPU0's store to X (r2 = 0); see the comments * preceding the calls to smp_rmb() in try_to_wake_up() for similar * snippets but "projected" onto two CPUs. * * Property (2) upgrades the lock to an RCsc lock. * * Since most load-store architectures implement ACQUIRE with an smp_mb() after * the LL/SC loop, they need no further barriers. Similarly all our TSO * architectures imply an smp_mb() for each atomic instruction and equally don't * need more. * * Architectures that can implement ACQUIRE better need to take care. */ #ifndef smp_mb__after_spinlock #define smp_mb__after_spinlock() do { } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK extern void do_raw_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __acquires(lock); #define do_raw_spin_lock_flags(lock, flags) do_raw_spin_lock(lock) extern int do_raw_spin_trylock(raw_spinlock_t *lock); extern void do_raw_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __releases(lock); #else static inline void do_raw_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __acquires(lock) { __acquire(lock); arch_spin_lock(&lock->raw_lock); mmiowb_spin_lock(); } #ifndef arch_spin_lock_flags #define arch_spin_lock_flags(lock, flags) arch_spin_lock(lock) #endif static inline void do_raw_spin_lock_flags(raw_spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(lock) { __acquire(lock); arch_spin_lock_flags(&lock->raw_lock, *flags); mmiowb_spin_lock(); } static inline int do_raw_spin_trylock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) { int ret = arch_spin_trylock(&(lock)->raw_lock); if (ret) mmiowb_spin_lock(); return ret; } static inline void do_raw_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __releases(lock) { mmiowb_spin_unlock(); arch_spin_unlock(&lock->raw_lock); __release(lock); } #endif /* * Define the various spin_lock methods. Note we define these * regardless of whether CONFIG_SMP or CONFIG_PREEMPTION are set. The * various methods are defined as nops in the case they are not * required. */ #define raw_spin_trylock(lock) __cond_lock(lock, _raw_spin_trylock(lock)) #define raw_spin_lock(lock) _raw_spin_lock(lock) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ _raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) # define raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map);\ _raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0) #else /* * Always evaluate the 'subclass' argument to avoid that the compiler * warns about set-but-not-used variables when building with * CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n and with W=1. */ # define raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ _raw_spin_lock(((void)(subclass), (lock))) # define raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) _raw_spin_lock(lock) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, subclass); \ } while (0) #else #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock); \ } while (0) #endif #else #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags); \ } while (0) #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) #endif #define raw_spin_lock_irq(lock) _raw_spin_lock_irq(lock) #define raw_spin_lock_bh(lock) _raw_spin_lock_bh(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock(lock) _raw_spin_unlock(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock_irq(lock) _raw_spin_unlock_irq(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); \ } while (0) #define raw_spin_unlock_bh(lock) _raw_spin_unlock_bh(lock) #define raw_spin_trylock_bh(lock) \ __cond_lock(lock, _raw_spin_trylock_bh(lock)) #define raw_spin_trylock_irq(lock) \ ({ \ local_irq_disable(); \ raw_spin_trylock(lock) ? \ 1 : ({ local_irq_enable(); 0; }); \ }) #define raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ ({ \ local_irq_save(flags); \ raw_spin_trylock(lock) ? \ 1 : ({ local_irq_restore(flags); 0; }); \ }) /* Include rwlock functions */ #include <linux/rwlock.h> /* * Pull the _spin_*()/_read_*()/_write_*() functions/declarations: */ #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) # include <linux/spinlock_api_smp.h> #else # include <linux/spinlock_api_up.h> #endif /* * Map the spin_lock functions to the raw variants for PREEMPT_RT=n */ static __always_inline raw_spinlock_t *spinlock_check(spinlock_t *lock) { return &lock->rlock; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK # define spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __raw_spin_lock_init(spinlock_check(lock), \ #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_CONFIG); \ } while (0) #else # define spin_lock_init(_lock) \ do { \ spinlock_check(_lock); \ *(_lock) = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(_lock); \ } while (0) #endif static __always_inline void spin_lock(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_lock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_nested(spinlock_check(lock), subclass); \ } while (0) #define spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(spinlock_check(lock), nest_lock); \ } while (0) static __always_inline void spin_lock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(spinlock_check(lock), flags); \ } while (0) #define spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(spinlock_check(lock), flags, subclass); \ } while (0) static __always_inline void spin_unlock(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_irqrestore(spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long flags) { raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->rlock, flags); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock_irq(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ ({ \ raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(spinlock_check(lock), flags); \ }) /** * spin_is_locked() - Check whether a spinlock is locked. * @lock: Pointer to the spinlock. * * This function is NOT required to provide any memory ordering * guarantees; it could be used for debugging purposes or, when * additional synchronization is needed, accompanied with other * constructs (memory barriers) enforcing the synchronization. * * Returns: 1 if @lock is locked, 0 otherwise. * * Note that the function only tells you that the spinlock is * seen to be locked, not that it is locked on your CPU. * * Further, on CONFIG_SMP=n builds with CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=n, * the return value is always 0 (see include/linux/spinlock_up.h). * Therefore you should not rely heavily on the return value. */ static __always_inline int spin_is_locked(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_is_locked(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_is_contended(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_is_contended(&lock->rlock); } #define assert_spin_locked(lock) assert_raw_spin_locked(&(lock)->rlock) /* * Pull the atomic_t declaration: * (asm-mips/atomic.h needs above definitions) */ #include <linux/atomic.h> /** * atomic_dec_and_lock - lock on reaching reference count zero * @atomic: the atomic counter * @lock: the spinlock in question * * Decrements @atomic by 1. If the result is 0, returns true and locks * @lock. Returns false for all other cases. */ extern int _atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock); #define atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic, lock) \ __cond_lock(lock, _atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic, lock)) extern int _atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #define atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic, lock, flags) \ __cond_lock(lock, _atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic, lock, &(flags))) int __alloc_bucket_spinlocks(spinlock_t **locks, unsigned int *lock_mask, size_t max_size, unsigned int cpu_mult, gfp_t gfp, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define alloc_bucket_spinlocks(locks, lock_mask, max_size, cpu_mult, gfp) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key key; \ int ret; \ \ ret = __alloc_bucket_spinlocks(locks, lock_mask, max_size, \ cpu_mult, gfp, #locks, &key); \ ret; \ }) void free_bucket_spinlocks(spinlock_t *locks); #endif /* __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H */
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * ALSA sequencer Timer * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> * Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz> */ #include <sound/core.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include "seq_timer.h" #include "seq_queue.h" #include "seq_info.h" /* allowed sequencer timer frequencies, in Hz */ #define MIN_FREQUENCY 10 #define MAX_FREQUENCY 6250 #define DEFAULT_FREQUENCY 1000 #define SKEW_BASE 0x10000 /* 16bit shift */ static void snd_seq_timer_set_tick_resolution(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { if (tmr->tempo < 1000000) tmr->tick.resolution = (tmr->tempo * 1000) / tmr->ppq; else { /* might overflow.. */ unsigned int s; s = tmr->tempo % tmr->ppq; s = (s * 1000) / tmr->ppq; tmr->tick.resolution = (tmr->tempo / tmr->ppq) * 1000; tmr->tick.resolution += s; } if (tmr->tick.resolution <= 0) tmr->tick.resolution = 1; snd_seq_timer_update_tick(&tmr->tick, 0); } /* create new timer (constructor) */ struct snd_seq_timer *snd_seq_timer_new(void) { struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; tmr = kzalloc(sizeof(*tmr), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tmr) return NULL; spin_lock_init(&tmr->lock); /* reset setup to defaults */ snd_seq_timer_defaults(tmr); /* reset time */ snd_seq_timer_reset(tmr); return tmr; } /* delete timer (destructor) */ void snd_seq_timer_delete(struct snd_seq_timer **tmr) { struct snd_seq_timer *t = *tmr; *tmr = NULL; if (t == NULL) { pr_debug("ALSA: seq: snd_seq_timer_delete() called with NULL timer\n"); return; } t->running = 0; /* reset time */ snd_seq_timer_stop(t); snd_seq_timer_reset(t); kfree(t); } void snd_seq_timer_defaults(struct snd_seq_timer * tmr) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); /* setup defaults */ tmr->ppq = 96; /* 96 PPQ */ tmr->tempo = 500000; /* 120 BPM */ snd_seq_timer_set_tick_resolution(tmr); tmr->running = 0; tmr->type = SNDRV_SEQ_TIMER_ALSA; tmr->alsa_id.dev_class = seq_default_timer_class; tmr->alsa_id.dev_sclass = seq_default_timer_sclass; tmr->alsa_id.card = seq_default_timer_card; tmr->alsa_id.device = seq_default_timer_device; tmr->alsa_id.subdevice = seq_default_timer_subdevice; tmr->preferred_resolution = seq_default_timer_resolution; tmr->skew = tmr->skew_base = SKEW_BASE; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); } static void seq_timer_reset(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { /* reset time & songposition */ tmr->cur_time.tv_sec = 0; tmr->cur_time.tv_nsec = 0; tmr->tick.cur_tick = 0; tmr->tick.fraction = 0; } void snd_seq_timer_reset(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); seq_timer_reset(tmr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); } /* called by timer interrupt routine. the period time since previous invocation is passed */ static void snd_seq_timer_interrupt(struct snd_timer_instance *timeri, unsigned long resolution, unsigned long ticks) { unsigned long flags; struct snd_seq_queue *q = timeri->callback_data; struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; if (q == NULL) return; tmr = q->timer; if (tmr == NULL) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); if (!tmr->running) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return; } resolution *= ticks; if (tmr->skew != tmr->skew_base) { /* FIXME: assuming skew_base = 0x10000 */ resolution = (resolution >> 16) * tmr->skew + (((resolution & 0xffff) * tmr->skew) >> 16); } /* update timer */ snd_seq_inc_time_nsec(&tmr->cur_time, resolution); /* calculate current tick */ snd_seq_timer_update_tick(&tmr->tick, resolution); /* register actual time of this timer update */ ktime_get_ts64(&tmr->last_update); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); /* check queues and dispatch events */ snd_seq_check_queue(q, 1, 0); } /* set current tempo */ int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo(struct snd_seq_timer * tmr, int tempo) { unsigned long flags; if (snd_BUG_ON(!tmr)) return -EINVAL; if (tempo <= 0) return -EINVAL; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); if ((unsigned int)tempo != tmr->tempo) { tmr->tempo = tempo; snd_seq_timer_set_tick_resolution(tmr); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return 0; } /* set current tempo and ppq in a shot */ int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo_ppq(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo, int ppq) { int changed; unsigned long flags; if (snd_BUG_ON(!tmr)) return -EINVAL; if (tempo <= 0 || ppq <= 0) return -EINVAL; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); if (tmr->running && (ppq != tmr->ppq)) { /* refuse to change ppq on running timers */ /* because it will upset the song position (ticks) */ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); pr_debug("ALSA: seq: cannot change ppq of a running timer\n"); return -EBUSY; } changed = (tempo != tmr->tempo) || (ppq != tmr->ppq); tmr->tempo = tempo; tmr->ppq = ppq; if (changed) snd_seq_timer_set_tick_resolution(tmr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return 0; } /* set current tick position */ int snd_seq_timer_set_position_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_tick_time_t position) { unsigned long flags; if (snd_BUG_ON(!tmr)) return -EINVAL; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); tmr->tick.cur_tick = position; tmr->tick.fraction = 0; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return 0; } /* set current real-time position */ int snd_seq_timer_set_position_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_real_time_t position) { unsigned long flags; if (snd_BUG_ON(!tmr)) return -EINVAL; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(&position); spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); tmr->cur_time = position; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return 0; } /* set timer skew */ int snd_seq_timer_set_skew(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, unsigned int skew, unsigned int base) { unsigned long flags; if (snd_BUG_ON(!tmr)) return -EINVAL; /* FIXME */ if (base != SKEW_BASE) { pr_debug("ALSA: seq: invalid skew base 0x%x\n", base); return -EINVAL; } spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); tmr->skew = skew; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return 0; } int snd_seq_timer_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q) { struct snd_timer_instance *t; struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; char str[32]; int err; tmr = q->timer; if (snd_BUG_ON(!tmr)) return -EINVAL; if (tmr->timeri) return -EBUSY; sprintf(str, "sequencer queue %i", q->queue); if (tmr->type != SNDRV_SEQ_TIMER_ALSA) /* standard ALSA timer */ return -EINVAL; if (tmr->alsa_id.dev_class != SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_SLAVE) tmr->alsa_id.dev_sclass = SNDRV_TIMER_SCLASS_SEQUENCER; t = snd_timer_instance_new(str); if (!t) return -ENOMEM; t->callback = snd_seq_timer_interrupt; t->callback_data = q; t->flags |= SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_AUTO; err = snd_timer_open(t, &tmr->alsa_id, q->queue); if (err < 0 && tmr->alsa_id.dev_class != SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_SLAVE) { if (tmr->alsa_id.dev_class != SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_GLOBAL || tmr->alsa_id.device != SNDRV_TIMER_GLOBAL_SYSTEM) { struct snd_timer_id tid; memset(&tid, 0, sizeof(tid)); tid.dev_class = SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_GLOBAL; tid.dev_sclass = SNDRV_TIMER_SCLASS_SEQUENCER; tid.card = -1; tid.device = SNDRV_TIMER_GLOBAL_SYSTEM; err = snd_timer_open(t, &tid, q->queue); } } if (err < 0) { pr_err("ALSA: seq fatal error: cannot create timer (%i)\n", err); snd_timer_instance_free(t); return err; } spin_lock_irq(&tmr->lock); if (tmr->timeri) err = -EBUSY; else tmr->timeri = t; spin_unlock_irq(&tmr->lock); if (err < 0) { snd_timer_close(t); snd_timer_instance_free(t); return err; } return 0; } int snd_seq_timer_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q) { struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; struct snd_timer_instance *t; tmr = q->timer; if (snd_BUG_ON(!tmr)) return -EINVAL; spin_lock_irq(&tmr->lock); t = tmr->timeri; tmr->timeri = NULL; spin_unlock_irq(&tmr->lock); if (t) { snd_timer_close(t); snd_timer_instance_free(t); } return 0; } static int seq_timer_stop(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { if (! tmr->timeri) return -EINVAL; if (!tmr->running) return 0; tmr->running = 0; snd_timer_pause(tmr->timeri); return 0; } int snd_seq_timer_stop(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { unsigned long flags; int err; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); err = seq_timer_stop(tmr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return err; } static int initialize_timer(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { struct snd_timer *t; unsigned long freq; t = tmr->timeri->timer; if (!t) return -EINVAL; freq = tmr->preferred_resolution; if (!freq) freq = DEFAULT_FREQUENCY; else if (freq < MIN_FREQUENCY) freq = MIN_FREQUENCY; else if (freq > MAX_FREQUENCY) freq = MAX_FREQUENCY; tmr->ticks = 1; if (!(t->hw.flags & SNDRV_TIMER_HW_SLAVE)) { unsigned long r = snd_timer_resolution(tmr->timeri); if (r) { tmr->ticks = (unsigned int)(1000000000uL / (r * freq)); if (! tmr->ticks) tmr->ticks = 1; } } tmr->initialized = 1; return 0; } static int seq_timer_start(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { if (! tmr->timeri) return -EINVAL; if (tmr->running) seq_timer_stop(tmr); seq_timer_reset(tmr); if (initialize_timer(tmr) < 0) return -EINVAL; snd_timer_start(tmr->timeri, tmr->ticks); tmr->running = 1; ktime_get_ts64(&tmr->last_update); return 0; } int snd_seq_timer_start(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { unsigned long flags; int err; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); err = seq_timer_start(tmr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return err; } static int seq_timer_continue(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { if (! tmr->timeri) return -EINVAL; if (tmr->running) return -EBUSY; if (! tmr->initialized) { seq_timer_reset(tmr); if (initialize_timer(tmr) < 0) return -EINVAL; } snd_timer_start(tmr->timeri, tmr->ticks); tmr->running = 1; ktime_get_ts64(&tmr->last_update); return 0; } int snd_seq_timer_continue(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { unsigned long flags; int err; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); err = seq_timer_continue(tmr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return err; } /* return current 'real' time. use timeofday() to get better granularity. */ snd_seq_real_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, bool adjust_ktime) { snd_seq_real_time_t cur_time; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); cur_time = tmr->cur_time; if (adjust_ktime && tmr->running) { struct timespec64 tm; ktime_get_ts64(&tm); tm = timespec64_sub(tm, tmr->last_update); cur_time.tv_nsec += tm.tv_nsec; cur_time.tv_sec += tm.tv_sec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(&cur_time); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return cur_time; } /* TODO: use interpolation on tick queue (will only be useful for very high PPQ values) */ snd_seq_tick_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr) { snd_seq_tick_time_t cur_tick; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&tmr->lock, flags); cur_tick = tmr->tick.cur_tick; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tmr->lock, flags); return cur_tick; } #ifdef CONFIG_SND_PROC_FS /* exported to seq_info.c */ void snd_seq_info_timer_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer) { int idx; struct snd_seq_queue *q; struct snd_seq_timer *tmr; struct snd_timer_instance *ti; unsigned long resolution; for (idx = 0; idx < SNDRV_SEQ_MAX_QUEUES; idx++) { q = queueptr(idx); if (q == NULL) continue; mutex_lock(&q->timer_mutex); tmr = q->timer; if (!tmr) goto unlock; ti = tmr->timeri; if (!ti) goto unlock; snd_iprintf(buffer, "Timer for queue %i : %s\n", q->queue, ti->timer->name); resolution = snd_timer_resolution(ti) * tmr->ticks; snd_iprintf(buffer, " Period time : %lu.%09lu\n", resolution / 1000000000, resolution % 1000000000); snd_iprintf(buffer, " Skew : %u / %u\n", tmr->skew, tmr->skew_base); unlock: mutex_unlock(&q->timer_mutex); queuefree(q); } } #endif /* CONFIG_SND_PROC_FS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 /* This file is automatically generated. Do not edit. */ #ifndef _SELINUX_FLASK_H_ #define _SELINUX_FLASK_H_ #define SECCLASS_SECURITY 1 #define SECCLASS_PROCESS 2 #define SECCLASS_PROCESS2 3 #define SECCLASS_SYSTEM 4 #define SECCLASS_CAPABILITY 5 #define SECCLASS_FILESYSTEM 6 #define SECCLASS_FILE 7 #define SECCLASS_DIR 8 #define SECCLASS_FD 9 #define SECCLASS_LNK_FILE 10 #define SECCLASS_CHR_FILE 11 #define SECCLASS_BLK_FILE 12 #define SECCLASS_SOCK_FILE 13 #define SECCLASS_FIFO_FILE 14 #define SECCLASS_SOCKET 15 #define SECCLASS_TCP_SOCKET 16 #define SECCLASS_UDP_SOCKET 17 #define SECCLASS_RAWIP_SOCKET 18 #define SECCLASS_NODE 19 #define SECCLASS_NETIF 20 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_SOCKET 21 #define SECCLASS_PACKET_SOCKET 22 #define SECCLASS_KEY_SOCKET 23 #define SECCLASS_UNIX_STREAM_SOCKET 24 #define SECCLASS_UNIX_DGRAM_SOCKET 25 #define SECCLASS_SEM 26 #define SECCLASS_MSG 27 #define SECCLASS_MSGQ 28 #define SECCLASS_SHM 29 #define SECCLASS_IPC 30 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET 31 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET 32 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_NFLOG_SOCKET 33 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET 34 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_SELINUX_SOCKET 35 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_ISCSI_SOCKET 36 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET 37 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_FIB_LOOKUP_SOCKET 38 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_CONNECTOR_SOCKET 39 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_NETFILTER_SOCKET 40 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_DNRT_SOCKET 41 #define SECCLASS_ASSOCIATION 42 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT_SOCKET 43 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_GENERIC_SOCKET 44 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_SCSITRANSPORT_SOCKET 45 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_RDMA_SOCKET 46 #define SECCLASS_NETLINK_CRYPTO_SOCKET 47 #define SECCLASS_APPLETALK_SOCKET 48 #define SECCLASS_PACKET 49 #define SECCLASS_KEY 50 #define SECCLASS_DCCP_SOCKET 51 #define SECCLASS_MEMPROTECT 52 #define SECCLASS_PEER 53 #define SECCLASS_CAPABILITY2 54 #define SECCLASS_KERNEL_SERVICE 55 #define SECCLASS_TUN_SOCKET 56 #define SECCLASS_BINDER 57 #define SECCLASS_CAP_USERNS 58 #define SECCLASS_CAP2_USERNS 59 #define SECCLASS_SCTP_SOCKET 60 #define SECCLASS_ICMP_SOCKET 61 #define SECCLASS_AX25_SOCKET 62 #define SECCLASS_IPX_SOCKET 63 #define SECCLASS_NETROM_SOCKET 64 #define SECCLASS_ATMPVC_SOCKET 65 #define SECCLASS_X25_SOCKET 66 #define SECCLASS_ROSE_SOCKET 67 #define SECCLASS_DECNET_SOCKET 68 #define SECCLASS_ATMSVC_SOCKET 69 #define SECCLASS_RDS_SOCKET 70 #define SECCLASS_IRDA_SOCKET 71 #define SECCLASS_PPPOX_SOCKET 72 #define SECCLASS_LLC_SOCKET 73 #define SECCLASS_CAN_SOCKET 74 #define SECCLASS_TIPC_SOCKET 75 #define SECCLASS_BLUETOOTH_SOCKET 76 #define SECCLASS_IUCV_SOCKET 77 #define SECCLASS_RXRPC_SOCKET 78 #define SECCLASS_ISDN_SOCKET 79 #define SECCLASS_PHONET_SOCKET 80 #define SECCLASS_IEEE802154_SOCKET 81 #define SECCLASS_CAIF_SOCKET 82 #define SECCLASS_ALG_SOCKET 83 #define SECCLASS_NFC_SOCKET 84 #define SECCLASS_VSOCK_SOCKET 85 #define SECCLASS_KCM_SOCKET 86 #define SECCLASS_QIPCRTR_SOCKET 87 #define SECCLASS_SMC_SOCKET 88 #define SECCLASS_INFINIBAND_PKEY 89 #define SECCLASS_INFINIBAND_ENDPORT 90 #define SECCLASS_BPF 91 #define SECCLASS_XDP_SOCKET 92 #define SECCLASS_PERF_EVENT 93 #define SECCLASS_LOCKDOWN 94 #define SECINITSID_KERNEL 1 #define SECINITSID_SECURITY 2 #define SECINITSID_UNLABELED 3 #define SECINITSID_FILE 5 #define SECINITSID_ANY_SOCKET 8 #define SECINITSID_PORT 9 #define SECINITSID_NETIF 10 #define SECINITSID_NETMSG 11 #define SECINITSID_NODE 12 #define SECINITSID_DEVNULL 27 #define SECINITSID_NUM 27 static inline bool security_is_socket_class(u16 kern_tclass) { bool sock = false; switch (kern_tclass) { case SECCLASS_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_TCP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_UDP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_RAWIP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_PACKET_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_KEY_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_UNIX_STREAM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_UNIX_DGRAM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_NFLOG_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_SELINUX_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_ISCSI_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_FIB_LOOKUP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_CONNECTOR_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_NETFILTER_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_DNRT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_GENERIC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_SCSITRANSPORT_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_RDMA_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETLINK_CRYPTO_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_APPLETALK_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_DCCP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_TUN_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_SCTP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ICMP_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_AX25_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IPX_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NETROM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ATMPVC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_X25_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ROSE_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_DECNET_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ATMSVC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_RDS_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IRDA_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_PPPOX_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_LLC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_CAN_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_TIPC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_BLUETOOTH_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IUCV_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_RXRPC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ISDN_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_PHONET_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_IEEE802154_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_CAIF_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_ALG_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_NFC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_VSOCK_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_KCM_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_QIPCRTR_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_SMC_SOCKET: case SECCLASS_XDP_SOCKET: sock = true; break; default: break; } return sock; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2018 Christoph Hellwig. * * DMA operations that map physical memory directly without using an IOMMU. */ #ifndef _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #include <linux/dma-direct.h> int dma_direct_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_can_mmap(struct device *dev); int dma_direct_mmap(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_need_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr); int dma_direct_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); size_t dma_direct_max_mapping_size(struct device *dev); #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { } static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_device(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(paddr, size, dir); } static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) { arch_sync_dma_for_cpu(paddr, size, dir); arch_sync_dma_for_cpu_all(); } if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU); if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) arch_dma_mark_clean(paddr, size); } static inline dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = page_to_phys(page) + offset; dma_addr_t dma_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, phys); if (unlikely(swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_FORCE)) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); if (unlikely(!dma_capable(dev, dma_addr, size, true))) { if (swiotlb_force != SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); dev_WARN_ONCE(dev, 1, "DMA addr %pad+%zu overflow (mask %llx, bus limit %llx).\n", &dma_addr, size, *dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev) && !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(phys, size, dir); return dma_addr; } static inline void dma_direct_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(dev, addr, size, dir); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(phys))) swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, phys, size, size, dir, attrs); } #endif /* _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETLINK_H #define __LINUX_NETLINK_H #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <net/scm.h> #include <uapi/linux/netlink.h> struct net; static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data; } enum netlink_skb_flags { NETLINK_SKB_DST = 0x8, /* Dst set in sendto or sendmsg */ }; struct netlink_skb_parms { struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ __u32 portid; __u32 dst_group; __u32 flags; struct sock *sk; bool nsid_is_set; int nsid; }; #define NETLINK_CB(skb) (*(struct netlink_skb_parms*)&((skb)->cb)) #define NETLINK_CREDS(skb) (&NETLINK_CB((skb)).creds) void netlink_table_grab(void); void netlink_table_ungrab(void); #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV (1 << 0) #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND (1 << 1) /* optional Netlink kernel configuration parameters */ struct netlink_kernel_cfg { unsigned int groups; unsigned int flags; void (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct mutex *cb_mutex; int (*bind)(struct net *net, int group); void (*unbind)(struct net *net, int group); bool (*compare)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk); }; struct sock *__netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct module *module, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg); static inline struct sock * netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg) { return __netlink_kernel_create(net, unit, THIS_MODULE, cfg); } /* this can be increased when necessary - don't expose to userland */ #define NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN 20 /** * struct netlink_ext_ack - netlink extended ACK report struct * @_msg: message string to report - don't access directly, use * %NL_SET_ERR_MSG * @bad_attr: attribute with error * @policy: policy for a bad attribute * @cookie: cookie data to return to userspace (for success) * @cookie_len: actual cookie data length */ struct netlink_ext_ack { const char *_msg; const struct nlattr *bad_attr; const struct nla_policy *policy; u8 cookie[NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN]; u8 cookie_len; }; /* Always use this macro, this allows later putting the * message into a separate section or such for things * like translation or listing all possible messages. * Currently string formatting is not supported (due * to the lack of an output buffer.) */ #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_MOD(extack, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG((extack), KBUILD_MODNAME ": " msg) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, pol) do { \ if ((extack)) { \ (extack)->bad_attr = (attr); \ (extack)->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR(extack, attr) NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, NULL) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, pol, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) { \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ __extack->bad_attr = (attr); \ __extack->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, attr, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, NULL, msg) static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u64(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u64 cookie) { u64 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u32(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u32 cookie) { u32 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } void netlink_kernel_release(struct sock *sk); int __netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); int netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); void __netlink_clear_multicast_users(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); void netlink_ack(struct sk_buff *in_skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int err, const struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int netlink_has_listeners(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); bool netlink_strict_get_check(struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_unicast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, int nonblock); int netlink_broadcast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation); int netlink_broadcast_filtered(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation, int (*filter)(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data), void *filter_data); int netlink_set_err(struct sock *ssk, __u32 portid, __u32 group, int code); int netlink_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int netlink_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* finegrained unicast helpers: */ struct sock *netlink_getsockbyfilp(struct file *filp); int netlink_attachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, long *timeo, struct sock *ssk); void netlink_detachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_sendskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline struct sk_buff * netlink_skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct sk_buff *nskb; nskb = skb_clone(skb, gfp_mask); if (!nskb) return NULL; /* This is a large skb, set destructor callback to release head */ if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head)) nskb->destructor = skb->destructor; return nskb; } /* * skb should fit one page. This choice is good for headerless malloc. * But we should limit to 8K so that userspace does not have to * use enormous buffer sizes on recvmsg() calls just to avoid * MSG_TRUNC when PAGE_SIZE is very large. */ #if PAGE_SIZE < 8192UL #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(PAGE_SIZE) #else #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(8192UL) #endif #define NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE (NLMSG_GOODSIZE - NLMSG_HDRLEN) struct netlink_callback { struct sk_buff *skb; const struct nlmsghdr *nlh; int (*dump)(struct sk_buff * skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *cb); void *data; /* the module that dump function belong to */ struct module *module; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; u16 family; u16 answer_flags; u32 min_dump_alloc; unsigned int prev_seq, seq; bool strict_check; union { u8 ctx[48]; /* args is deprecated. Cast a struct over ctx instead * for proper type safety. */ long args[6]; }; }; struct netlink_notify { struct net *net; u32 portid; int protocol; }; struct nlmsghdr * __nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int len, int flags); struct netlink_dump_control { int (*start)(struct netlink_callback *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *); void *data; struct module *module; u32 min_dump_alloc; }; int __netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control); static inline int netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control) { if (!control->module) control->module = THIS_MODULE; return __netlink_dump_start(ssk, skb, nlh, control); } struct netlink_tap { struct net_device *dev; struct module *module; struct list_head list; }; int netlink_add_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); int netlink_remove_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); bool __netlink_ns_capable(const struct netlink_skb_parms *nsp, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_ns_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); bool netlink_net_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); #endif /* __LINUX_NETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd. */ #ifndef __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #define __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* REP NOP (PAUSE) is a good thing to insert into busy-wait loops. */ static __always_inline void rep_nop(void) { asm volatile("rep; nop" ::: "memory"); } static __always_inline void cpu_relax(void) { rep_nop(); } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY 0 /* * If more than 16 keys are ever supported, a thorough audit * will be necessary to ensure that the types that store key * numbers and masks have sufficient capacity. */ #define arch_max_pkey() (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE) ? 16 : 1) extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); static inline bool arch_pkeys_enabled(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE); } /* * Try to dedicate one of the protection keys to be used as an * execute-only protection key. */ extern int __execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline int execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY; return __execute_only_pkey(mm); } extern int __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey); static inline int arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return 0; return __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(vma, prot, pkey); } extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); #define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS (VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3) #define mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) (mm->context.pkey_allocation_map) #define mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) |= (1U << pkey); \ } while (0) #define mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) &= ~(1U << pkey); \ } while (0) static inline bool mm_pkey_is_allocated(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { /* * "Allocated" pkeys are those that have been returned * from pkey_alloc() or pkey 0 which is allocated * implicitly when the mm is created. */ if (pkey < 0) return false; if (pkey >= arch_max_pkey()) return false; /* * The exec-only pkey is set in the allocation map, but * is not available to any of the user interfaces like * mprotect_pkey(). */ if (pkey == mm->context.execute_only_pkey) return false; return mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) & (1U << pkey); } /* * Returns a positive, 4-bit key on success, or -1 on failure. */ static inline int mm_pkey_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Note: this is the one and only place we make sure * that the pkey is valid as far as the hardware is * concerned. The rest of the kernel trusts that * only good, valid pkeys come out of here. */ u16 all_pkeys_mask = ((1U << arch_max_pkey()) - 1); int ret; /* * Are we out of pkeys? We must handle this specially * because ffz() behavior is undefined if there are no * zeros. */ if (mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) == all_pkeys_mask) return -1; ret = ffz(mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm)); mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, ret); return ret; } static inline int mm_pkey_free(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { if (!mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey)) return -EINVAL; mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey); return 0; } extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *