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library routines for handling generic kernel objects * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org> * Copyright (c) 2006-2007 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2007 Novell Inc. * * Please see the file Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst for critical information * about using the kobject interface. */ #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/random.h> /** * kobject_namespace() - Return @kobj's namespace tag. * @kobj: kobject in question * * Returns namespace tag of @kobj if its parent has namespace ops enabled * and thus @kobj should have a namespace tag associated with it. Returns * %NULL otherwise. */ const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj) { const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ns_ops = kobj_ns_ops(kobj); if (!ns_ops || ns_ops->type == KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) return NULL; return kobj->ktype->namespace(kobj); } /** * kobject_get_ownership() - Get sysfs ownership data for @kobj. * @kobj: kobject in question * @uid: kernel user ID for sysfs objects * @gid: kernel group ID for sysfs objects * * Returns initial uid/gid pair that should be used when creating sysfs * representation of given kobject. Normally used to adjust ownership of * objects in a container. */ void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; if (kobj->ktype->get_ownership) kobj->ktype->get_ownership(kobj, uid, gid); } /* * populate_dir - populate directory with attributes. * @kobj: object we're working on. * * Most subsystems have a set of default attributes that are associated * with an object that registers with them. This is a helper called during * object registration that loops through the default attributes of the * subsystem and creates attributes files for them in sysfs. */ static int populate_dir(struct kobject *kobj) { struct kobj_type *t = get_ktype(kobj); struct attribute *attr; int error = 0; int i; if (t && t->default_attrs) { for (i = 0; (attr = t->default_attrs[i]) != NULL; i++) { error = sysfs_create_file(kobj, attr); if (error) break; } } return error; } static int create_dir(struct kobject *kobj) { const struct kobj_type *ktype = get_ktype(kobj); const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ops; int error; error = sysfs_create_dir_ns(kobj, kobject_namespace(kobj)); if (error) return error; error = populate_dir(kobj); if (error) { sysfs_remove_dir(kobj); return error; } if (ktype) { error = sysfs_create_groups(kobj, ktype->default_groups); if (error) { sysfs_remove_dir(kobj); return error; } } /* * @kobj->sd may be deleted by an ancestor going away. Hold an * extra reference so that it stays until @kobj is gone. */ sysfs_get(kobj->sd); /* * If @kobj has ns_ops, its children need to be filtered based on * their namespace tags. Enable namespace support on @kobj->sd. */ ops = kobj_child_ns_ops(kobj); if (ops) { BUG_ON(ops->type <= KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE); BUG_ON(ops->type >= KOBJ_NS_TYPES); BUG_ON(!kobj_ns_type_registered(ops->type)); sysfs_enable_ns(kobj->sd); } return 0; } static int get_kobj_path_length(struct kobject *kobj) { int length = 1; struct kobject *parent = kobj; /* walk up the ancestors until we hit the one pointing to the * root. * Add 1 to strlen for leading '/' of each level. */ do { if (kobject_name(parent) == NULL) return 0; length += strlen(kobject_name(parent)) + 1; parent = parent->parent; } while (parent); return length; } static void fill_kobj_path(struct kobject *kobj, char *path, int length) { struct kobject *parent; --length; for (parent = kobj; parent; parent = parent->parent) { int cur = strlen(kobject_name(parent)); /* back up enough to print this name with '/' */ length -= cur; memcpy(path + length, kobject_name(parent), cur); *(path + --length) = '/'; } pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: path = '%s'\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__, path); } /** * kobject_get_path() - Allocate memory and fill in the path for @kobj. * @kobj: kobject in question, with which to build the path * @gfp_mask: the allocation type used to allocate the path * * Return: The newly allocated memory, caller must free with kfree(). */ char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t gfp_mask) { char *path; int len; len = get_kobj_path_length(kobj); if (len == 0) return NULL; path = kzalloc(len, gfp_mask); if (!path) return NULL; fill_kobj_path(kobj, path, len); return path; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_get_path); /* add the kobject to its kset's list */ static void kobj_kset_join(struct kobject *kobj) { if (!kobj->kset) return; kset_get(kobj->kset); spin_lock(&kobj->kset->list_lock); list_add_tail(&kobj->entry, &kobj->kset->list); spin_unlock(&kobj->kset->list_lock); } /* remove the kobject from its kset's list */ static void kobj_kset_leave(struct kobject *kobj) { if (!kobj->kset) return; spin_lock(&kobj->kset->list_lock); list_del_init(&kobj->entry); spin_unlock(&kobj->kset->list_lock); kset_put(kobj->kset); } static void kobject_init_internal(struct kobject *kobj) { if (!kobj) return; kref_init(&kobj->kref); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kobj->entry); kobj->state_in_sysfs = 0; kobj->state_add_uevent_sent = 0; kobj->state_remove_uevent_sent = 0; kobj->state_initialized = 1; } static int kobject_add_internal(struct kobject *kobj) { int error = 0; struct kobject *parent; if (!kobj) return -ENOENT; if (!kobj->name || !kobj->name[0]) { WARN(1, "kobject: (%p): attempted to be registered with empty name!\n", kobj); return -EINVAL; } parent = kobject_get(kobj->parent); /* join kset if set, use it as parent if we do not already have one */ if (kobj->kset) { if (!parent) parent = kobject_get(&kobj->kset->kobj); kobj_kset_join(kobj); kobj->parent = parent; } pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: parent: '%s', set: '%s'\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__, parent ? kobject_name(parent) : "<NULL>", kobj->kset ? kobject_name(&kobj->kset->kobj) : "<NULL>"); error = create_dir(kobj); if (error) { kobj_kset_leave(kobj); kobject_put(parent); kobj->parent = NULL; /* be noisy on error issues */ if (error == -EEXIST) pr_err("%s failed for %s with -EEXIST, don't try to register things with the same name in the same directory.\n", __func__, kobject_name(kobj)); else pr_err("%s failed for %s (error: %d parent: %s)\n", __func__, kobject_name(kobj), error, parent ? kobject_name(parent) : "'none'"); } else kobj->state_in_sysfs = 1; return error; } /** * kobject_set_name_vargs() - Set the name of a kobject. * @kobj: struct kobject to set the name of * @fmt: format string used to build the name * @vargs: vargs to format the string. */ int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs) { const char *s; if (kobj->name && !fmt) return 0; s = kvasprintf_const(GFP_KERNEL, fmt, vargs); if (!s) return -ENOMEM; /* * ewww... some of these buggers have '/' in the name ... If * that's the case, we need to make sure we have an actual * allocated copy to modify, since kvasprintf_const may have * returned something from .rodata. */ if (strchr(s, '/')) { char *t; t = kstrdup(s, GFP_KERNEL); kfree_const(s); if (!t) return -ENOMEM; strreplace(t, '/', '!'); s = t; } kfree_const(kobj->name); kobj->name = s; return 0; } /** * kobject_set_name() - Set the name of a kobject. * @kobj: struct kobject to set the name of * @fmt: format string used to build the name * * This sets the name of the kobject. If you have already added the * kobject to the system, you must call kobject_rename() in order to * change the name of the kobject. */ int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list vargs; int retval; va_start(vargs, fmt); retval = kobject_set_name_vargs(kobj, fmt, vargs); va_end(vargs); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kobject_set_name); /** * kobject_init() - Initialize a kobject structure. * @kobj: pointer to the kobject to initialize * @ktype: pointer to the ktype for this kobject. * * This function will properly initialize a kobject such that it can then * be passed to the kobject_add() call. * * After this function is called, the kobject MUST be cleaned up by a call * to kobject_put(), not by a call to kfree directly to ensure that all of * the memory is cleaned up properly. */ void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype) { char *err_str; if (!kobj) { err_str = "invalid kobject pointer!"; goto error; } if (!ktype) { err_str = "must have a ktype to be initialized properly!\n"; goto error; } if (kobj->state_initialized) { /* do not error out as sometimes we can recover */ pr_err("kobject (%p): tried to init an initialized object, something is seriously wrong.\n", kobj); dump_stack(); } kobject_init_internal(kobj); kobj->ktype = ktype; return; error: pr_err("kobject (%p): %s\n", kobj, err_str); dump_stack(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kobject_init); static __printf(3, 0) int kobject_add_varg(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, va_list vargs) { int retval; retval = kobject_set_name_vargs(kobj, fmt, vargs); if (retval) { pr_err("kobject: can not set name properly!\n"); return retval; } kobj->parent = parent; return kobject_add_internal(kobj); } /** * kobject_add() - The main kobject add function. * @kobj: the kobject to add * @parent: pointer to the parent of the kobject. * @fmt: format to name the kobject with. * * The kobject name is set and added to the kobject hierarchy in this * function. * * If @parent is set, then the parent of the @kobj will be set to it. * If @parent is NULL, then the parent of the @kobj will be set to the * kobject associated with the kset assigned to this kobject. If no kset * is assigned to the kobject, then the kobject will be located in the * root of the sysfs tree. * * Note, no "add" uevent will be created with this call, the caller should set * up all of the necessary sysfs files for the object and then call * kobject_uevent() with the UEVENT_ADD parameter to ensure that * userspace is properly notified of this kobject's creation. * * Return: If this function returns an error, kobject_put() must be * called to properly clean up the memory associated with the * object. Under no instance should the kobject that is passed * to this function be directly freed with a call to kfree(), * that can leak memory. * * If this function returns success, kobject_put() must also be called * in order to properly clean up the memory associated with the object. * * In short, once this function is called, kobject_put() MUST be called * when the use of the object is finished in order to properly free * everything. */ int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int retval; if (!kobj) return -EINVAL; if (!kobj->state_initialized) { pr_err("kobject '%s' (%p): tried to add an uninitialized object, something is seriously wrong.\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj); dump_stack(); return -EINVAL; } va_start(args, fmt); retval = kobject_add_varg(kobj, parent, fmt, args); va_end(args); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kobject_add); /** * kobject_init_and_add() - Initialize a kobject structure and add it to * the kobject hierarchy. * @kobj: pointer to the kobject to initialize * @ktype: pointer to the ktype for this kobject. * @parent: pointer to the parent of this kobject. * @fmt: the name of the kobject. * * This function combines the call to kobject_init() and kobject_add(). * * If this function returns an error, kobject_put() must be called to * properly clean up the memory associated with the object. This is the * same type of error handling after a call to kobject_add() and kobject * lifetime rules are the same here. */ int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int retval; kobject_init(kobj, ktype); va_start(args, fmt); retval = kobject_add_varg(kobj, parent, fmt, args); va_end(args); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_init_and_add); /** * kobject_rename() - Change the name of an object. * @kobj: object in question. * @new_name: object's new name * * It is the responsibility of the caller to provide mutual * exclusion between two different calls of kobject_rename * on the same kobject and to ensure that new_name is valid and * won't conflict with other kobjects. */ int kobject_rename(struct kobject *kobj, const char *new_name) { int error = 0; const char *devpath = NULL; const char *dup_name = NULL, *name; char *devpath_string = NULL; char *envp[2]; kobj = kobject_get(kobj); if (!kobj) return -EINVAL; if (!kobj->parent) { kobject_put(kobj); return -EINVAL; } devpath = kobject_get_path(kobj, GFP_KERNEL); if (!devpath) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out; } devpath_string = kmalloc(strlen(devpath) + 15, GFP_KERNEL); if (!devpath_string) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out; } sprintf(devpath_string, "DEVPATH_OLD=%s", devpath); envp[0] = devpath_string; envp[1] = NULL; name = dup_name = kstrdup_const(new_name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!name) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out; } error = sysfs_rename_dir_ns(kobj, new_name, kobject_namespace(kobj)); if (error) goto out; /* Install the new kobject name */ dup_name = kobj->name; kobj->name = name; /* This function is mostly/only used for network interface. * Some hotplug package track interfaces by their name and * therefore want to know when the name is changed by the user. */ kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_MOVE, envp); out: kfree_const(dup_name); kfree(devpath_string); kfree(devpath); kobject_put(kobj); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_rename); /** * kobject_move() - Move object to another parent. * @kobj: object in question. * @new_parent: object's new parent (can be NULL) */ int kobject_move(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *new_parent) { int error; struct kobject *old_parent; const char *devpath = NULL; char *devpath_string = NULL; char *envp[2]; kobj = kobject_get(kobj); if (!kobj) return -EINVAL; new_parent = kobject_get(new_parent); if (!new_parent) { if (kobj->kset) new_parent = kobject_get(&kobj->kset->kobj); } /* old object path */ devpath = kobject_get_path(kobj, GFP_KERNEL); if (!devpath) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out; } devpath_string = kmalloc(strlen(devpath) + 15, GFP_KERNEL); if (!devpath_string) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out; } sprintf(devpath_string, "DEVPATH_OLD=%s", devpath); envp[0] = devpath_string; envp[1] = NULL; error = sysfs_move_dir_ns(kobj, new_parent, kobject_namespace(kobj)); if (error) goto out; old_parent = kobj->parent; kobj->parent = new_parent; new_parent = NULL; kobject_put(old_parent); kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_MOVE, envp); out: kobject_put(new_parent); kobject_put(kobj); kfree(devpath_string); kfree(devpath); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_move); static void __kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj) { struct kernfs_node *sd; const struct kobj_type *ktype; sd = kobj->sd; ktype = get_ktype(kobj); if (ktype) sysfs_remove_groups(kobj, ktype->default_groups); /* send "remove" if the caller did not do it but sent "add" */ if (kobj->state_add_uevent_sent && !kobj->state_remove_uevent_sent) { pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): auto cleanup 'remove' event\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj); kobject_uevent(kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE); } sysfs_remove_dir(kobj); sysfs_put(sd); kobj->state_in_sysfs = 0; kobj_kset_leave(kobj); kobj->parent = NULL; } /** * kobject_del() - Unlink kobject from hierarchy. * @kobj: object. * * This is the function that should be called to delete an object * successfully added via kobject_add(). */ void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj) { struct kobject *parent; if (!kobj) return; parent = kobj->parent; __kobject_del(kobj); kobject_put(parent); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kobject_del); /** * kobject_get() - Increment refcount for object. * @kobj: object. */ struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj) { if (kobj) { if (!kobj->state_initialized) WARN(1, KERN_WARNING "kobject: '%s' (%p): is not initialized, yet kobject_get() is being called.\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj); kref_get(&kobj->kref); } return kobj; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kobject_get); struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero(struct kobject *kobj) { if (!kobj) return NULL; if (!kref_get_unless_zero(&kobj->kref)) kobj = NULL; return kobj; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kobject_get_unless_zero); /* * kobject_cleanup - free kobject resources. * @kobj: object to cleanup */ static void kobject_cleanup(struct kobject *kobj) { struct kobject *parent = kobj->parent; struct kobj_type *t = get_ktype(kobj); const char *name = kobj->name; pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s, parent %p\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__, kobj->parent); if (t && !t->release) pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): does not have a release() function, it is broken and must be fixed. See Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst.\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj); /* remove from sysfs if the caller did not do it */ if (kobj->state_in_sysfs) { pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): auto cleanup kobject_del\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj); __kobject_del(kobj); } else { /* avoid dropping the parent reference unnecessarily */ parent = NULL; } if (t && t->release) { pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): calling ktype release\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj); t->release(kobj); } /* free name if we allocated it */ if (name) { pr_debug("kobject: '%s': free name\n", name); kfree_const(name); } kobject_put(parent); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE static void kobject_delayed_cleanup(struct work_struct *work) { kobject_cleanup(container_of(to_delayed_work(work), struct kobject, release)); } #endif static void kobject_release(struct kref *kref) { struct kobject *kobj = container_of(kref, struct kobject, kref); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE unsigned long delay = HZ + HZ * (get_random_int() & 0x3); pr_info("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s, parent %p (delayed %ld)\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__, kobj->parent, delay); INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&kobj->release, kobject_delayed_cleanup); schedule_delayed_work(&kobj->release, delay); #else kobject_cleanup(kobj); #endif } /** * kobject_put() - Decrement refcount for object. * @kobj: object. * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call kobject_cleanup(). */ void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj) { if (kobj) { if (!kobj->state_initialized) WARN(1, KERN_WARNING "kobject: '%s' (%p): is not initialized, yet kobject_put() is being called.\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj); kref_put(&kobj->kref, kobject_release); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kobject_put); static void dynamic_kobj_release(struct kobject *kobj) { pr_debug("kobject: (%p): %s\n", kobj, __func__); kfree(kobj); } static struct kobj_type dynamic_kobj_ktype = { .release = dynamic_kobj_release, .sysfs_ops = &kobj_sysfs_ops, }; /** * kobject_create() - Create a struct kobject dynamically. * * This function creates a kobject structure dynamically and sets it up * to be a "dynamic" kobject with a default release function set up. * * If the kobject was not able to be created, NULL will be returned. * The kobject structure returned from here must be cleaned up with a * call to kobject_put() and not kfree(), as kobject_init() has * already been called on this structure. */ struct kobject *kobject_create(void) { struct kobject *kobj; kobj = kzalloc(sizeof(*kobj), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kobj) return NULL; kobject_init(kobj, &dynamic_kobj_ktype); return kobj; } /** * kobject_create_and_add() - Create a struct kobject dynamically and * register it with sysfs. * @name: the name for the kobject * @parent: the parent kobject of this kobject, if any. * * This function creates a kobject structure dynamically and registers it * with sysfs. When you are finished with this structure, call * kobject_put() and the structure will be dynamically freed when * it is no longer being used. * * If the kobject was not able to be created, NULL will be returned. */ struct kobject *kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent) { struct kobject *kobj; int retval; kobj = kobject_create(); if (!kobj) return NULL; retval = kobject_add(kobj, parent, "%s", name); if (retval) { pr_warn("%s: kobject_add error: %d\n", __func__, retval); kobject_put(kobj); kobj = NULL; } return kobj; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_create_and_add); /** * kset_init() - Initialize a kset for use. * @k: kset */ void kset_init(struct kset *k) { kobject_init_internal(&k->kobj); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&k->list); spin_lock_init(&k->list_lock); } /* default kobject attribute operations */ static ssize_t kobj_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct kobj_attribute *kattr; ssize_t ret = -EIO; kattr = container_of(attr, struct kobj_attribute, attr); if (kattr->show) ret = kattr->show(kobj, kattr, buf); return ret; } static ssize_t kobj_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct kobj_attribute *kattr; ssize_t ret = -EIO; kattr = container_of(attr, struct kobj_attribute, attr); if (kattr->store) ret = kattr->store(kobj, kattr, buf, count); return ret; } const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops = { .show = kobj_attr_show, .store = kobj_attr_store, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobj_sysfs_ops); /** * kset_register() - Initialize and add a kset. * @k: kset. */ int kset_register(struct kset *k) { int err; if (!k) return -EINVAL; kset_init(k); err = kobject_add_internal(&k->kobj); if (err) return err; kobject_uevent(&k->kobj, KOBJ_ADD); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kset_register); /** * kset_unregister() - Remove a kset. * @k: kset. */ void kset_unregister(struct kset *k) { if (!k) return; kobject_del(&k->kobj); kobject_put(&k->kobj); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kset_unregister); /** * kset_find_obj() - Search for object in kset. * @kset: kset we're looking in. * @name: object's name. * * Lock kset via @kset->subsys, and iterate over @kset->list, * looking for a matching kobject. If matching object is found * take a reference and return the object. */ struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *kset, const char *name) { struct kobject *k; struct kobject *ret = NULL; spin_lock(&kset->list_lock); list_for_each_entry(k, &kset->list, entry) { if (kobject_name(k) && !strcmp(kobject_name(k), name)) { ret = kobject_get_unless_zero(k); break; } } spin_unlock(&kset->list_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kset_find_obj); static void kset_release(struct kobject *kobj) { struct kset *kset = container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj); pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__); kfree(kset); } static void kset_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { if (kobj->parent) kobject_get_ownership(kobj->parent, uid, gid); } static struct kobj_type kset_ktype = { .sysfs_ops = &kobj_sysfs_ops, .release = kset_release, .get_ownership = kset_get_ownership, }; /** * kset_create() - Create a struct kset dynamically. * * @name: the name for the kset * @uevent_ops: a struct kset_uevent_ops for the kset * @parent_kobj: the parent kobject of this kset, if any. * * This function creates a kset structure dynamically. This structure can * then be registered with the system and show up in sysfs with a call to * kset_register(). When you are finished with this structure, if * kset_register() has been called, call kset_unregister() and the * structure will be dynamically freed when it is no longer being used. * * If the kset was not able to be created, NULL will be returned. */ static struct kset *kset_create(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops, struct kobject *parent_kobj) { struct kset *kset; int retval; kset = kzalloc(sizeof(*kset), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kset) return NULL; retval = kobject_set_name(&kset->kobj, "%s", name); if (retval) { kfree(kset); return NULL; } kset->uevent_ops = uevent_ops; kset->kobj.parent = parent_kobj; /* * The kobject of this kset will have a type of kset_ktype and belong to * no kset itself. That way we can properly free it when it is * finished being used. */ kset->kobj.ktype = &kset_ktype; kset->kobj.kset = NULL; return kset; } /** * kset_create_and_add() - Create a struct kset dynamically and add it to sysfs. * * @name: the name for the kset * @uevent_ops: a struct kset_uevent_ops for the kset * @parent_kobj: the parent kobject of this kset, if any. * * This function creates a kset structure dynamically and registers it * with sysfs. When you are finished with this structure, call * kset_unregister() and the structure will be dynamically freed when it * is no longer being used. * * If the kset was not able to be created, NULL will be returned. */ struct kset *kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops, struct kobject *parent_kobj) { struct kset *kset; int error; kset = kset_create(name, uevent_ops, parent_kobj); if (!kset) return NULL; error = kset_register(kset); if (error) { kfree(kset); return NULL; } return kset; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kset_create_and_add); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kobj_ns_type_lock); static const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *kobj_ns_ops_tbl[KOBJ_NS_TYPES]; int kobj_ns_type_register(const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ops) { enum kobj_ns_type type = ops->type; int error; spin_lock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); error = -EINVAL; if (type >= KOBJ_NS_TYPES) goto out; error = -EINVAL; if (type <= KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) goto out; error = -EBUSY; if (kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]) goto out; error = 0; kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type] = ops; out: spin_unlock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); return error; } int kobj_ns_type_registered(enum kobj_ns_type type) { int registered = 0; spin_lock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); if ((type > KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) && (type < KOBJ_NS_TYPES)) registered = kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type] != NULL; spin_unlock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); return registered; } const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *kobj_child_ns_ops(struct kobject *parent) { const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ops = NULL; if (parent && parent->ktype && parent->ktype->child_ns_type) ops = parent->ktype->child_ns_type(parent); return ops; } const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *kobj_ns_ops(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj_child_ns_ops(kobj->parent); } bool kobj_ns_current_may_mount(enum kobj_ns_type type) { bool may_mount = true; spin_lock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); if ((type > KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) && (type < KOBJ_NS_TYPES) && kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]) may_mount = kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]->current_may_mount(); spin_unlock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); return may_mount; } void *kobj_ns_grab_current(enum kobj_ns_type type) { void *ns = NULL; spin_lock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); if ((type > KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) && (type < KOBJ_NS_TYPES) && kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]) ns = kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]->grab_current_ns(); spin_unlock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); return ns; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobj_ns_grab_current); const void *kobj_ns_netlink(enum kobj_ns_type type, struct sock *sk) { const void *ns = NULL; spin_lock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); if ((type > KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) && (type < KOBJ_NS_TYPES) && kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]) ns = kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]->netlink_ns(sk); spin_unlock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); return ns; } const void *kobj_ns_initial(enum kobj_ns_type type) { const void *ns = NULL; spin_lock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); if ((type > KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) && (type < KOBJ_NS_TYPES) && kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]) ns = kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]->initial_ns(); spin_unlock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); return ns; } void kobj_ns_drop(enum kobj_ns_type type, void *ns) { spin_lock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); if ((type > KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE) && (type < KOBJ_NS_TYPES) && kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type] && kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]->drop_ns) kobj_ns_ops_tbl[type]->drop_ns(ns); spin_unlock(&kobj_ns_type_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobj_ns_drop);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions and Declarations for tuple. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack_tuple.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple_common.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> /* A `tuple' is a structure containing the information to uniquely identify a connection. ie. if two packets have the same tuple, they are in the same connection; if not, they are not. We divide the structure along "manipulatable" and "non-manipulatable" lines, for the benefit of the NAT code. */ #define NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE ARRAY_SIZE(((union nf_inet_addr *)NULL)->all) /* The manipulable part of the tuple. */ struct nf_conntrack_man { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; /* Layer 3 protocol */ u_int16_t l3num; }; /* This contains the information to distinguish a connection. */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple { struct nf_conntrack_man src; /* These are the parts of the tuple which are fixed. */ struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union { /* Add other protocols here. */ __be16 all; struct { __be16 port; } tcp; struct { __be16 port; } udp; struct { u_int8_t type, code; } icmp; struct { __be16 port; } dccp; struct { __be16 port; } sctp; struct { __be16 key; } gre; } u; /* The protocol. */ u_int8_t protonum; /* The direction (for tuplehash) */ u_int8_t dir; } dst; }; struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask { struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; } src; }; static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI4:%hu -> %pI4:%hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, &t->src.u3.ip, ntohs(t->src.u.all), &t->dst.u3.ip, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI6 %hu -> %pI6 %hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, t->src.u3.all, ntohs(t->src.u.all), t->dst.u3.all, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { switch (t->src.l3num) { case AF_INET: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(t); break; case AF_INET6: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(t); break; } } /* If we're the first tuple, it's the original dir. */ #define NF_CT_DIRECTION(h) \ ((enum ip_conntrack_dir)(h)->tuple.dst.dir) /* Connections have two entries in the hash table: one for each way */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash { struct hlist_nulls_node hnnode; struct nf_conntrack_tuple tuple; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->src.u3, &t2->src.u3) && t1->src.u.all == t2->src.u.all && t1->src.l3num == t2->src.l3num); } static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->dst.u3, &t2->dst.u3) && t1->dst.u.all == t2->dst.u.all && t1->dst.protonum == t2->dst.protonum); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(t1, t2) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t1, t2); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&m1->src.u3, &m2->src.u3) && m1->src.u.all == m2->src.u.all); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { int count; for (count = 0; count < NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE; count++) { if ((t1->src.u3.all[count] ^ t2->src.u3.all[count]) & mask->src.u3.all[count]) return false; } if ((t1->src.u.all ^ t2->src.u.all) & mask->src.u.all) return false; if (t1->src.l3num != t2->src.l3num || t1->dst.protonum != t2->dst.protonum) return false; return true; } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { return nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(t, tuple, mask) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t, tuple); } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H */
8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 #ifndef _LINUX_HASH_H #define _LINUX_HASH_H /* Fast hashing routine for ints, longs and pointers. (C) 2002 Nadia Yvette Chambers, IBM */ #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The "GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME" is used in ifs/btrfs/brtfs_inode.h and * fs/inode.c. It's not actually prime any more (the previous primes * were actively bad for hashing), but the name remains. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_32 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_32(val, bits) #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_64(val, bits) #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_64 #else #error Wordsize not 32 or 64 #endif /* * This hash multiplies the input by a large odd number and takes the * high bits. Since multiplication propagates changes to the most * significant end only, it is essential that the high bits of the * product be used for the hash value. * * Chuck Lever verified the effectiveness of this technique: * http://www.citi.umich.edu/techreports/reports/citi-tr-00-1.pdf * * Although a random odd number will do, it turns out that the golden * ratio phi = (sqrt(5)-1)/2, or its negative, has particularly nice * properties. (See Knuth vol 3, section 6.4, exercise 9.) * * These are the negative, (1 - phi) = phi**2 = (3 - sqrt(5))/2, * which is very slightly easier to multiply by and makes no * difference to the hash distribution. */ #define GOLDEN_RATIO_32 0x61C88647 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_64 0x61C8864680B583EBull #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HASH /* This header may use the GOLDEN_RATIO_xx constants */ #include <asm/hash.h> #endif /* * The _generic versions exist only so lib/test_hash.c can compare * the arch-optimized versions with the generic. * * Note that if you change these, any <asm/hash.h> that aren't updated * to match need to have their HAVE_ARCH_* define values updated so the * self-test will not false-positive. */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH__HASH_32 #define __hash_32 __hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 __hash_32_generic(u32 val) { return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_32; } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_32 #define hash_32 hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 hash_32_generic(u32 val, unsigned int bits) { /* High bits are more random, so use them. */ return __hash_32(val) >> (32 - bits); } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_64 #define hash_64 hash_64_generic #endif static __always_inline u32 hash_64_generic(u64 val, unsigned int bits) { #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* 64x64-bit multiply is efficient on all 64-bit processors */ return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_64 >> (64 - bits); #else /* Hash 64 bits using only 32x32-bit multiply. */ return hash_32((u32)val ^ __hash_32(val >> 32), bits); #endif } static inline u32 hash_ptr(const void *ptr, unsigned int bits) { return hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, bits); } /* This really should be called fold32_ptr; it does no hashing to speak of. */ static inline u32 hash32_ptr(const void *ptr) { unsigned long val = (unsigned long)ptr; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 val ^= (val >> 32); #endif return (u32)val; } #endif /* _LINUX_HASH_H */
8 8 8 8 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/lockref.h> #if USE_CMPXCHG_LOCKREF /* * Note that the "cmpxchg()" reloads the "old" value for the * failure case. */ #define CMPXCHG_LOOP(CODE, SUCCESS) do { \ int retry = 100; \ struct lockref old; \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(old) != 8); \ old.lock_count = READ_ONCE(lockref->lock_count); \ while (likely(arch_spin_value_unlocked(old.lock.rlock.raw_lock))) { \ struct lockref new = old, prev = old; \ CODE \ old.lock_count = cmpxchg64_relaxed(&lockref->lock_count, \ old.lock_count, \ new.lock_count); \ if (likely(old.lock_count == prev.lock_count)) { \ SUCCESS; \ } \ if (!--retry) \ break; \ cpu_relax(); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define CMPXCHG_LOOP(CODE, SUCCESS) do { } while (0) #endif /** * lockref_get - Increments reference count unconditionally * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure * * This operation is only valid if you already hold a reference * to the object, so you know the count cannot be zero. */ void lockref_get(struct lockref *lockref) { CMPXCHG_LOOP( new.count++; , return; ); spin_lock(&lockref->lock); lockref->count++; spin_unlock(&lockref->lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_get); /** * lockref_get_not_zero - Increments count unless the count is 0 or dead * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure * Return: 1 if count updated successfully or 0 if count was zero */ int lockref_get_not_zero(struct lockref *lockref) { int retval; CMPXCHG_LOOP( new.count++; if (old.count <= 0) return 0; , return 1; ); spin_lock(&lockref->lock); retval = 0; if (lockref->count > 0) { lockref->count++; retval = 1; } spin_unlock(&lockref->lock); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_get_not_zero); /** * lockref_put_not_zero - Decrements count unless count <= 1 before decrement * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure * Return: 1 if count updated successfully or 0 if count would become zero */ int lockref_put_not_zero(struct lockref *lockref) { int retval; CMPXCHG_LOOP( new.count--; if (old.count <= 1) return 0; , return 1; ); spin_lock(&lockref->lock); retval = 0; if (lockref->count > 1) { lockref->count--; retval = 1; } spin_unlock(&lockref->lock); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_put_not_zero); /** * lockref_get_or_lock - Increments count unless the count is 0 or dead * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure * Return: 1 if count updated successfully or 0 if count was zero * and we got the lock instead. */ int lockref_get_or_lock(struct lockref *lockref) { CMPXCHG_LOOP( new.count++; if (old.count <= 0) break; , return 1; ); spin_lock(&lockref->lock); if (lockref->count <= 0) return 0; lockref->count++; spin_unlock(&lockref->lock); return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_get_or_lock); /** * lockref_put_return - Decrement reference count if possible * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure * * Decrement the reference count and return the new value. * If the lockref was dead or locked, return an error. */ int lockref_put_return(struct lockref *lockref) { CMPXCHG_LOOP( new.count--; if (old.count <= 0) return -1; , return new.count; ); return -1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_put_return); /** * lockref_put_or_lock - decrements count unless count <= 1 before decrement * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure * Return: 1 if count updated successfully or 0 if count <= 1 and lock taken */ int lockref_put_or_lock(struct lockref *lockref) { CMPXCHG_LOOP( new.count--; if (old.count <= 1) break; , return 1; ); spin_lock(&lockref->lock); if (lockref->count <= 1) return 0; lockref->count--; spin_unlock(&lockref->lock); return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_put_or_lock); /** * lockref_mark_dead - mark lockref dead * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure */ void lockref_mark_dead(struct lockref *lockref) { assert_spin_locked(&lockref->lock); lockref->count = -128; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_mark_dead); /** * lockref_get_not_dead - Increments count unless the ref is dead * @lockref: pointer to lockref structure * Return: 1 if count updated successfully or 0 if lockref was dead */ int lockref_get_not_dead(struct lockref *lockref) { int retval; CMPXCHG_LOOP( new.count++; if (old.count < 0) return 0; , return 1; ); spin_lock(&lockref->lock); retval = 0; if (lockref->count >= 0) { lockref->count++; retval = 1; } spin_unlock(&lockref->lock); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lockref_get_not_dead);
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All rights reserved. * Copyright 2003-2004 Jeff Garzik * * libata documentation is available via 'make {ps|pdf}docs', * as Documentation/driver-api/libata.rst * * Hardware documentation available from http://www.t13.org/ */ #ifndef __LINUX_ATA_H__ #define __LINUX_ATA_H__ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* defines only for the constants which don't work well as enums */ #define ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY 0xffffUL #define ATA_DMA_MASK 0xffffffffULL enum { /* various global constants */ ATA_MAX_DEVICES = 2, /* per bus/port */ ATA_MAX_PRD = 256, /* we could make these 256/256 */ ATA_SECT_SIZE = 512, ATA_MAX_SECTORS_128 = 128, ATA_MAX_SECTORS = 256, ATA_MAX_SECTORS_1024 = 1024, ATA_MAX_SECTORS_LBA48 = 65535,/* avoid count to be 0000h */ ATA_MAX_SECTORS_TAPE = 65535, ATA_MAX_TRIM_RNUM = 64, /* 512-byte payload / (6-byte LBA + 2-byte range per entry) */ ATA_ID_WORDS = 256, ATA_ID_CONFIG = 0, ATA_ID_CYLS = 1, ATA_ID_HEADS = 3, ATA_ID_SECTORS = 6, ATA_ID_SERNO = 10, ATA_ID_BUF_SIZE = 21, ATA_ID_FW_REV = 23, ATA_ID_PROD = 27, ATA_ID_MAX_MULTSECT = 47, ATA_ID_DWORD_IO = 48, /* before ATA-8 */ ATA_ID_TRUSTED = 48, /* ATA-8 and later */ ATA_ID_CAPABILITY = 49, ATA_ID_OLD_PIO_MODES = 51, ATA_ID_OLD_DMA_MODES = 52, ATA_ID_FIELD_VALID = 53, ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS = 54, ATA_ID_CUR_HEADS = 55, ATA_ID_CUR_SECTORS = 56, ATA_ID_MULTSECT = 59, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY = 60, ATA_ID_SWDMA_MODES = 62, ATA_ID_MWDMA_MODES = 63, ATA_ID_PIO_MODES = 64, ATA_ID_EIDE_DMA_MIN = 65, ATA_ID_EIDE_DMA_TIME = 66, ATA_ID_EIDE_PIO = 67, ATA_ID_EIDE_PIO_IORDY = 68, ATA_ID_ADDITIONAL_SUPP = 69, ATA_ID_QUEUE_DEPTH = 75, ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY = 76, ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2 = 77, ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP = 78, ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER = 80, ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1 = 82, ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2 = 83, ATA_ID_CFSSE = 84, ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1 = 85, ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2 = 86, ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT = 87, ATA_ID_UDMA_MODES = 88, ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG = 93, ATA_ID_SPG = 98, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2 = 100, ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE = 106, ATA_ID_WWN = 108, ATA_ID_LOGICAL_SECTOR_SIZE = 117, /* and 118 */ ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_3 = 119, ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_4 = 120, ATA_ID_LAST_LUN = 126, ATA_ID_DLF = 128, ATA_ID_CSFO = 129, ATA_ID_CFA_POWER = 160, ATA_ID_CFA_KEY_MGMT = 162, ATA_ID_CFA_MODES = 163, ATA_ID_DATA_SET_MGMT = 169, ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT = 206, ATA_ID_ROT_SPEED = 217, ATA_ID_PIO4 = (1 << 1), ATA_ID_SERNO_LEN = 20, ATA_ID_FW_REV_LEN = 8, ATA_ID_PROD_LEN = 40, ATA_ID_WWN_LEN = 8, ATA_PCI_CTL_OFS = 2, ATA_PIO0 = (1 << 0), ATA_PIO1 = ATA_PIO0 | (1 << 1), ATA_PIO2 = ATA_PIO1 | (1 << 2), ATA_PIO3 = ATA_PIO2 | (1 << 3), ATA_PIO4 = ATA_PIO3 | (1 << 4), ATA_PIO5 = ATA_PIO4 | (1 << 5), ATA_PIO6 = ATA_PIO5 | (1 << 6), ATA_PIO4_ONLY = (1 << 4), ATA_SWDMA0 = (1 << 0), ATA_SWDMA1 = ATA_SWDMA0 | (1 << 1), ATA_SWDMA2 = ATA_SWDMA1 | (1 << 2), ATA_SWDMA2_ONLY = (1 << 2), ATA_MWDMA0 = (1 << 0), ATA_MWDMA1 = ATA_MWDMA0 | (1 << 1), ATA_MWDMA2 = ATA_MWDMA1 | (1 << 2), ATA_MWDMA3 = ATA_MWDMA2 | (1 << 3), ATA_MWDMA4 = ATA_MWDMA3 | (1 << 4), ATA_MWDMA12_ONLY = (1 << 1) | (1 << 2), ATA_MWDMA2_ONLY = (1 << 2), ATA_UDMA0 = (1 << 0), ATA_UDMA1 = ATA_UDMA0 | (1 << 1), ATA_UDMA2 = ATA_UDMA1 | (1 << 2), ATA_UDMA3 = ATA_UDMA2 | (1 << 3), ATA_UDMA4 = ATA_UDMA3 | (1 << 4), ATA_UDMA5 = ATA_UDMA4 | (1 << 5), ATA_UDMA6 = ATA_UDMA5 | (1 << 6), ATA_UDMA7 = ATA_UDMA6 | (1 << 7), /* ATA_UDMA7 is just for completeness... doesn't exist (yet?). */ ATA_UDMA24_ONLY = (1 << 2) | (1 << 4), ATA_UDMA_MASK_40C = ATA_UDMA2, /* udma0-2 */ /* DMA-related */ ATA_PRD_SZ = 8, ATA_PRD_TBL_SZ = (ATA_MAX_PRD * ATA_PRD_SZ), ATA_PRD_EOT = (1 << 31), /* end-of-table flag */ ATA_DMA_TABLE_OFS = 4, ATA_DMA_STATUS = 2, ATA_DMA_CMD = 0, ATA_DMA_WR = (1 << 3), ATA_DMA_START = (1 << 0), ATA_DMA_INTR = (1 << 2), ATA_DMA_ERR = (1 << 1), ATA_DMA_ACTIVE = (1 << 0), /* bits in ATA command block registers */ ATA_HOB = (1 << 7), /* LBA48 selector */ ATA_NIEN = (1 << 1), /* disable-irq flag */ ATA_LBA = (1 << 6), /* LBA28 selector */ ATA_DEV1 = (1 << 4), /* Select Device 1 (slave) */ ATA_DEVICE_OBS = (1 << 7) | (1 << 5), /* obs bits in dev reg */ ATA_DEVCTL_OBS = (1 << 3), /* obsolete bit in devctl reg */ ATA_BUSY = (1 << 7), /* BSY status bit */ ATA_DRDY = (1 << 6), /* device ready */ ATA_DF = (1 << 5), /* device fault */ ATA_DSC = (1 << 4), /* drive seek complete */ ATA_DRQ = (1 << 3), /* data request i/o */ ATA_CORR = (1 << 2), /* corrected data error */ ATA_SENSE = (1 << 1), /* sense code available */ ATA_ERR = (1 << 0), /* have an error */ ATA_SRST = (1 << 2), /* software reset */ ATA_ICRC = (1 << 7), /* interface CRC error */ ATA_BBK = ATA_ICRC, /* pre-EIDE: block marked bad */ ATA_UNC = (1 << 6), /* uncorrectable media error */ ATA_MC = (1 << 5), /* media changed */ ATA_IDNF = (1 << 4), /* ID not found */ ATA_MCR = (1 << 3), /* media change requested */ ATA_ABORTED = (1 << 2), /* command aborted */ ATA_TRK0NF = (1 << 1), /* track 0 not found */ ATA_AMNF = (1 << 0), /* address mark not found */ ATAPI_LFS = 0xF0, /* last failed sense */ ATAPI_EOM = ATA_TRK0NF, /* end of media */ ATAPI_ILI = ATA_AMNF, /* illegal length indication */ ATAPI_IO = (1 << 1), ATAPI_COD = (1 << 0), /* ATA command block registers */ ATA_REG_DATA = 0x00, ATA_REG_ERR = 0x01, ATA_REG_NSECT = 0x02, ATA_REG_LBAL = 0x03, ATA_REG_LBAM = 0x04, ATA_REG_LBAH = 0x05, ATA_REG_DEVICE = 0x06, ATA_REG_STATUS = 0x07, ATA_REG_FEATURE = ATA_REG_ERR, /* and their aliases */ ATA_REG_CMD = ATA_REG_STATUS, ATA_REG_BYTEL = ATA_REG_LBAM, ATA_REG_BYTEH = ATA_REG_LBAH, ATA_REG_DEVSEL = ATA_REG_DEVICE, ATA_REG_IRQ = ATA_REG_NSECT, /* ATA device commands */ ATA_CMD_DEV_RESET = 0x08, /* ATAPI device reset */ ATA_CMD_CHK_POWER = 0xE5, /* check power mode */ ATA_CMD_STANDBY = 0xE2, /* place in standby power mode */ ATA_CMD_IDLE = 0xE3, /* place in idle power mode */ ATA_CMD_EDD = 0x90, /* execute device diagnostic */ ATA_CMD_DOWNLOAD_MICRO = 0x92, ATA_CMD_DOWNLOAD_MICRO_DMA = 0x93, ATA_CMD_NOP = 0x00, ATA_CMD_FLUSH = 0xE7, ATA_CMD_FLUSH_EXT = 0xEA, ATA_CMD_ID_ATA = 0xEC, ATA_CMD_ID_ATAPI = 0xA1, ATA_CMD_SERVICE = 0xA2, ATA_CMD_READ = 0xC8, ATA_CMD_READ_EXT = 0x25, ATA_CMD_READ_QUEUED = 0x26, ATA_CMD_READ_STREAM_EXT = 0x2B, ATA_CMD_READ_STREAM_DMA_EXT = 0x2A, ATA_CMD_WRITE = 0xCA, ATA_CMD_WRITE_EXT = 0x35, ATA_CMD_WRITE_QUEUED = 0x36, ATA_CMD_WRITE_STREAM_EXT = 0x3B, ATA_CMD_WRITE_STREAM_DMA_EXT = 0x3A, ATA_CMD_WRITE_FUA_EXT = 0x3D, ATA_CMD_WRITE_QUEUED_FUA_EXT = 0x3E, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_READ = 0x60, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_WRITE = 0x61, ATA_CMD_NCQ_NON_DATA = 0x63, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_SEND = 0x64, ATA_CMD_FPDMA_RECV = 0x65, ATA_CMD_PIO_READ = 0x20, ATA_CMD_PIO_READ_EXT = 0x24, ATA_CMD_PIO_WRITE = 0x30, ATA_CMD_PIO_WRITE_EXT = 0x34, ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI = 0xC4, ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI_EXT = 0x29, ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI = 0xC5, ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_EXT = 0x39, ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_FUA_EXT = 0xCE, ATA_CMD_SET_FEATURES = 0xEF, ATA_CMD_SET_MULTI = 0xC6, ATA_CMD_PACKET = 0xA0, ATA_CMD_VERIFY = 0x40, ATA_CMD_VERIFY_EXT = 0x42, ATA_CMD_WRITE_UNCORR_EXT = 0x45, ATA_CMD_STANDBYNOW1 = 0xE0, ATA_CMD_IDLEIMMEDIATE = 0xE1, ATA_CMD_SLEEP = 0xE6, ATA_CMD_INIT_DEV_PARAMS = 0x91, ATA_CMD_READ_NATIVE_MAX = 0xF8, ATA_CMD_READ_NATIVE_MAX_EXT = 0x27, ATA_CMD_SET_MAX = 0xF9, ATA_CMD_SET_MAX_EXT = 0x37, ATA_CMD_READ_LOG_EXT = 0x2F, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LOG_EXT = 0x3F, ATA_CMD_READ_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x47, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x57, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_NONDATA = 0x5B, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_RCV = 0x5C, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_RCV_DMA = 0x5D, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_SND = 0x5E, ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_SND_DMA = 0x5F, ATA_CMD_PMP_READ = 0xE4, ATA_CMD_PMP_READ_DMA = 0xE9, ATA_CMD_PMP_WRITE = 0xE8, ATA_CMD_PMP_WRITE_DMA = 0xEB, ATA_CMD_CONF_OVERLAY = 0xB1, ATA_CMD_SEC_SET_PASS = 0xF1, ATA_CMD_SEC_UNLOCK = 0xF2, ATA_CMD_SEC_ERASE_PREP = 0xF3, ATA_CMD_SEC_ERASE_UNIT = 0xF4, ATA_CMD_SEC_FREEZE_LOCK = 0xF5, ATA_CMD_SEC_DISABLE_PASS = 0xF6, ATA_CMD_CONFIG_STREAM = 0x51, ATA_CMD_SMART = 0xB0, ATA_CMD_MEDIA_LOCK = 0xDE, ATA_CMD_MEDIA_UNLOCK = 0xDF, ATA_CMD_DSM = 0x06, ATA_CMD_CHK_MED_CRD_TYP = 0xD1, ATA_CMD_CFA_REQ_EXT_ERR = 0x03, ATA_CMD_CFA_WRITE_NE = 0x38, ATA_CMD_CFA_TRANS_SECT = 0x87, ATA_CMD_CFA_ERASE = 0xC0, ATA_CMD_CFA_WRITE_MULT_NE = 0xCD, ATA_CMD_REQ_SENSE_DATA = 0x0B, ATA_CMD_SANITIZE_DEVICE = 0xB4, ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_IN = 0x4A, ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT = 0x9F, /* marked obsolete in the ATA/ATAPI-7 spec */ ATA_CMD_RESTORE = 0x10, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_FPDMA_RECV */ ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_RECV_RD_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x01, ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_IN = 0x02, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_FPDMA_SEND */ ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_SEND_DSM = 0x00, ATA_SUBCMD_FPDMA_SEND_WR_LOG_DMA_EXT = 0x02, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_NCQ_NON_DATA */ ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_QUEUE = 0x00, ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_SET_FEATURES = 0x05, ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZERO_EXT = 0x06, ATA_SUBCMD_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OUT = 0x07, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_IN */ ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_IN_REPORT_ZONES = 0x00, /* Subcmds for ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT */ ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_CLOSE_ZONE = 0x01, ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_FINISH_ZONE = 0x02, ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_OPEN_ZONE = 0x03, ATA_SUBCMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_RESET_WRITE_POINTER = 0x04, /* READ_LOG_EXT pages */ ATA_LOG_DIRECTORY = 0x0, ATA_LOG_SATA_NCQ = 0x10, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA = 0x12, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV = 0x13, ATA_LOG_IDENTIFY_DEVICE = 0x30, /* Identify device log pages: */ ATA_LOG_SECURITY = 0x06, ATA_LOG_SATA_SETTINGS = 0x08, ATA_LOG_ZONED_INFORMATION = 0x09, /* Identify device SATA settings log:*/ ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_OFFSET = 0x30, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_SIZE = 0x08, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_MDAT = 0x00, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_MDAT_MASK = 0x1F, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_DETO = 0x01, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_VALID = 0x07, ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_VALID_MASK = 0x80, ATA_LOG_NCQ_PRIO_OFFSET = 0x09, /* NCQ send and receive log */ ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SUBCMDS_OFFSET = 0x00, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SUBCMDS_DSM = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_OFFSET = 0x04, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_TRIM = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_OFFSET = 0x08, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_SUPPORTED = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_WR_LOG_OFFSET = 0x0C, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_WR_LOG_SUPPORTED = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET = 0x10, ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_OUT_SUPPORTED = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_IN_SUPPORTED = (1 << 1), ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SIZE = 0x14, /* NCQ Non-Data log */ ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_SUBCMDS_OFFSET = 0x00, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_OFFSET = 0x00, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_NCQ = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_ALL = (1 << 1), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_STREAMING = (1 << 2), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_NON_STREAMING = (1 << 3), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ABORT_SELECTED = (1 << 4), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET = 0x1C, ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OUT = (1 << 0), ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_SIZE = 0x40, /* READ/WRITE LONG (obsolete) */ ATA_CMD_READ_LONG = 0x22, ATA_CMD_READ_LONG_ONCE = 0x23, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LONG = 0x32, ATA_CMD_WRITE_LONG_ONCE = 0x33, /* SETFEATURES stuff */ SETFEATURES_XFER = 0x03, XFER_UDMA_7 = 0x47, XFER_UDMA_6 = 0x46, XFER_UDMA_5 = 0x45, XFER_UDMA_4 = 0x44, XFER_UDMA_3 = 0x43, XFER_UDMA_2 = 0x42, XFER_UDMA_1 = 0x41, XFER_UDMA_0 = 0x40, XFER_MW_DMA_4 = 0x24, /* CFA only */ XFER_MW_DMA_3 = 0x23, /* CFA only */ XFER_MW_DMA_2 = 0x22, XFER_MW_DMA_1 = 0x21, XFER_MW_DMA_0 = 0x20, XFER_SW_DMA_2 = 0x12, XFER_SW_DMA_1 = 0x11, XFER_SW_DMA_0 = 0x10, XFER_PIO_6 = 0x0E, /* CFA only */ XFER_PIO_5 = 0x0D, /* CFA only */ XFER_PIO_4 = 0x0C, XFER_PIO_3 = 0x0B, XFER_PIO_2 = 0x0A, XFER_PIO_1 = 0x09, XFER_PIO_0 = 0x08, XFER_PIO_SLOW = 0x00, SETFEATURES_WC_ON = 0x02, /* Enable write cache */ SETFEATURES_WC_OFF = 0x82, /* Disable write cache */ SETFEATURES_RA_ON = 0xaa, /* Enable read look-ahead */ SETFEATURES_RA_OFF = 0x55, /* Disable read look-ahead */ /* Enable/Disable Automatic Acoustic Management */ SETFEATURES_AAM_ON = 0x42, SETFEATURES_AAM_OFF = 0xC2, SETFEATURES_SPINUP = 0x07, /* Spin-up drive */ SETFEATURES_SPINUP_TIMEOUT = 30000, /* 30s timeout for drive spin-up from PUIS */ SETFEATURES_SATA_ENABLE = 0x10, /* Enable use of SATA feature */ SETFEATURES_SATA_DISABLE = 0x90, /* Disable use of SATA feature */ /* SETFEATURE Sector counts for SATA features */ SATA_FPDMA_OFFSET = 0x01, /* FPDMA non-zero buffer offsets */ SATA_FPDMA_AA = 0x02, /* FPDMA Setup FIS Auto-Activate */ SATA_DIPM = 0x03, /* Device Initiated Power Management */ SATA_FPDMA_IN_ORDER = 0x04, /* FPDMA in-order data delivery */ SATA_AN = 0x05, /* Asynchronous Notification */ SATA_SSP = 0x06, /* Software Settings Preservation */ SATA_DEVSLP = 0x09, /* Device Sleep */ SETFEATURE_SENSE_DATA = 0xC3, /* Sense Data Reporting feature */ /* feature values for SET_MAX */ ATA_SET_MAX_ADDR = 0x00, ATA_SET_MAX_PASSWD = 0x01, ATA_SET_MAX_LOCK = 0x02, ATA_SET_MAX_UNLOCK = 0x03, ATA_SET_MAX_FREEZE_LOCK = 0x04, ATA_SET_MAX_PASSWD_DMA = 0x05, ATA_SET_MAX_UNLOCK_DMA = 0x06, /* feature values for DEVICE CONFIGURATION OVERLAY */ ATA_DCO_RESTORE = 0xC0, ATA_DCO_FREEZE_LOCK = 0xC1, ATA_DCO_IDENTIFY = 0xC2, ATA_DCO_SET = 0xC3, /* feature values for SMART */ ATA_SMART_ENABLE = 0xD8, ATA_SMART_READ_VALUES = 0xD0, ATA_SMART_READ_THRESHOLDS = 0xD1, /* feature values for Data Set Management */ ATA_DSM_TRIM = 0x01, /* password used in LBA Mid / LBA High for executing SMART commands */ ATA_SMART_LBAM_PASS = 0x4F, ATA_SMART_LBAH_PASS = 0xC2, /* ATAPI stuff */ ATAPI_PKT_DMA = (1 << 0), ATAPI_DMADIR = (1 << 2), /* ATAPI data dir: 0=to device, 1=to host */ ATAPI_CDB_LEN = 16, /* PMP stuff */ SATA_PMP_MAX_PORTS = 15, SATA_PMP_CTRL_PORT = 15, SATA_PMP_GSCR_DWORDS = 128, SATA_PMP_GSCR_PROD_ID = 0, SATA_PMP_GSCR_REV = 1, SATA_PMP_GSCR_PORT_INFO = 2, SATA_PMP_GSCR_ERROR = 32, SATA_PMP_GSCR_ERROR_EN = 33, SATA_PMP_GSCR_FEAT = 64, SATA_PMP_GSCR_FEAT_EN = 96, SATA_PMP_PSCR_STATUS = 0, SATA_PMP_PSCR_ERROR = 1, SATA_PMP_PSCR_CONTROL = 2, SATA_PMP_FEAT_BIST = (1 << 0), SATA_PMP_FEAT_PMREQ = (1 << 1), SATA_PMP_FEAT_DYNSSC = (1 << 2), SATA_PMP_FEAT_NOTIFY = (1 << 3), /* cable types */ ATA_CBL_NONE = 0, ATA_CBL_PATA40 = 1, ATA_CBL_PATA80 = 2, ATA_CBL_PATA40_SHORT = 3, /* 40 wire cable to high UDMA spec */ ATA_CBL_PATA_UNK = 4, /* don't know, maybe 80c? */ ATA_CBL_PATA_IGN = 5, /* don't know, ignore cable handling */ ATA_CBL_SATA = 6, /* SATA Status and Control Registers */ SCR_STATUS = 0, SCR_ERROR = 1, SCR_CONTROL = 2, SCR_ACTIVE = 3, SCR_NOTIFICATION = 4, /* SError bits */ SERR_DATA_RECOVERED = (1 << 0), /* recovered data error */ SERR_COMM_RECOVERED = (1 << 1), /* recovered comm failure */ SERR_DATA = (1 << 8), /* unrecovered data error */ SERR_PERSISTENT = (1 << 9), /* persistent data/comm error */ SERR_PROTOCOL = (1 << 10), /* protocol violation */ SERR_INTERNAL = (1 << 11), /* host internal error */ SERR_PHYRDY_CHG = (1 << 16), /* PHY RDY changed */ SERR_PHY_INT_ERR = (1 << 17), /* PHY internal error */ SERR_COMM_WAKE = (1 << 18), /* Comm wake */ SERR_10B_8B_ERR = (1 << 19), /* 10b to 8b decode error */ SERR_DISPARITY = (1 << 20), /* Disparity */ SERR_CRC = (1 << 21), /* CRC error */ SERR_HANDSHAKE = (1 << 22), /* Handshake error */ SERR_LINK_SEQ_ERR = (1 << 23), /* Link sequence error */ SERR_TRANS_ST_ERROR = (1 << 24), /* Transport state trans. error */ SERR_UNRECOG_FIS = (1 << 25), /* Unrecognized FIS */ SERR_DEV_XCHG = (1 << 26), /* device exchanged */ }; enum ata_prot_flags { /* protocol flags */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO = (1 << 0), /* is PIO */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA = (1 << 1), /* is DMA */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ = (1 << 2), /* is NCQ */ ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI = (1 << 3), /* is ATAPI */ /* taskfile protocols */ ATA_PROT_UNKNOWN = (u8)-1, ATA_PROT_NODATA = 0, ATA_PROT_PIO = ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO, ATA_PROT_DMA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA, ATA_PROT_NCQ_NODATA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ, ATA_PROT_NCQ = ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA | ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ, ATAPI_PROT_NODATA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI, ATAPI_PROT_PIO = ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI | ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO, ATAPI_PROT_DMA = ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI | ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA, }; enum ata_ioctls { ATA_IOC_GET_IO32 = 0x309, /* HDIO_GET_32BIT */ ATA_IOC_SET_IO32 = 0x324, /* HDIO_SET_32BIT */ }; /* core structures */ struct ata_bmdma_prd { __le32 addr; __le32 flags_len; }; /* * id tests */ #define ata_id_is_ata(id) (((id)[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & (1 << 15)) == 0) #define ata_id_has_lba(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 9)) #define ata_id_has_dma(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 8)) #define ata_id_has_ncq(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 8)) #define ata_id_queue_depth(id) (((id)[ATA_ID_QUEUE_DEPTH] & 0x1f) + 1) #define ata_id_removable(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & (1 << 7)) #define ata_id_has_atapi_AN(id) \ ((((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0x0000) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0xffff)) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 5))) #define ata_id_has_fpdma_aa(id) \ ((((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0x0000) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] != 0xffff)) && \ ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 2))) #define ata_id_iordy_disable(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 10)) #define ata_id_has_iordy(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] & (1 << 11)) #define ata_id_u32(id,n) \ (((u32) (id)[(n) + 1] << 16) | ((u32) (id)[(n)])) #define ata_id_u64(id,n) \ ( ((u64) (id)[(n) + 3] << 48) | \ ((u64) (id)[(n) + 2] << 32) | \ ((u64) (id)[(n) + 1] << 16) | \ ((u64) (id)[(n) + 0]) ) #define ata_id_cdb_intr(id) (((id)[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & 0x60) == 0x20) #define ata_id_has_da(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2] & (1 << 4)) #define ata_id_has_devslp(id) ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 8)) #define ata_id_has_ncq_autosense(id) \ ((id)[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP] & (1 << 7)) static inline bool ata_id_has_hipm(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY]; if (val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return false; return val & (1 << 9); } static inline bool ata_id_has_dipm(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[ATA_ID_FEATURE_SUPP]; if (val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return false; return val & (1 << 3); } static inline bool ata_id_has_fua(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & (1 << 6); } static inline bool ata_id_has_flush(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & (1 << 12); } static inline bool ata_id_flush_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_has_flush(id) == 0) return false; if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 12); } static inline bool ata_id_has_flush_ext(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & (1 << 13); } static inline bool ata_id_flush_ext_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_has_flush_ext(id) == 0) return false; if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; /* * some Maxtor disks have bit 13 defined incorrectly * so check bit 10 too */ return (id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & 0x2400) == 0x2400; } static inline u32 ata_id_logical_sector_size(const u16 *id) { /* T13/1699-D Revision 6a, Sep 6, 2008. Page 128. * IDENTIFY DEVICE data, word 117-118. * 0xd000 ignores bit 13 (logical:physical > 1) */ if ((id[ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE] & 0xd000) == 0x5000) return (((id[ATA_ID_LOGICAL_SECTOR_SIZE+1] << 16) + id[ATA_ID_LOGICAL_SECTOR_SIZE]) * sizeof(u16)) ; return ATA_SECT_SIZE; } static inline u8 ata_id_log2_per_physical_sector(const u16 *id) { /* T13/1699-D Revision 6a, Sep 6, 2008. Page 128. * IDENTIFY DEVICE data, word 106. * 0xe000 ignores bit 12 (logical sector > 512 bytes) */ if ((id[ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE] & 0xe000) == 0x6000) return (id[ATA_ID_SECTOR_SIZE] & 0xf); return 0; } /* Offset of logical sectors relative to physical sectors. * * If device has more than one logical sector per physical sector * (aka 512 byte emulation), vendors might offset the "sector 0" address * so sector 63 is "naturally aligned" - e.g. FAT partition table. * This avoids Read/Mod/Write penalties when using FAT partition table * and updating "well aligned" (FS perspective) physical sectors on every * transaction. */ static inline u16 ata_id_logical_sector_offset(const u16 *id, u8 log2_per_phys) { u16 word_209 = id[209]; if ((log2_per_phys > 1) && (word_209 & 0xc000) == 0x4000) { u16 first = word_209 & 0x3fff; if (first > 0) return (1 << log2_per_phys) - first; } return 0; } static inline bool ata_id_has_lba48(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; if (!ata_id_u64(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2)) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & (1 << 10); } static inline bool ata_id_lba48_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_has_lba48(id) == 0) return false; if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 10); } static inline bool ata_id_hpa_enabled(const u16 *id) { /* Yes children, word 83 valid bits cover word 82 data */ if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; /* And 87 covers 85-87 */ if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; /* Check command sets enabled as well as supported */ if ((id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1] & (1 << 10)) == 0) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1] & (1 << 10); } static inline bool ata_id_has_wcache(const u16 *id) { /* Yes children, word 83 valid bits cover word 82 data */ if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1] & (1 << 5); } static inline bool ata_id_has_pm(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_1] & (1 << 3); } static inline bool ata_id_rahead_enabled(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1] & (1 << 6); } static inline bool ata_id_wcache_enabled(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_1] & (1 << 5); } static inline bool ata_id_has_read_log_dma_ext(const u16 *id) { /* Word 86 must have bit 15 set */ if (!(id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 15))) return false; /* READ LOG DMA EXT support can be signaled either from word 119 * or from word 120. The format is the same for both words: Bit * 15 must be cleared, bit 14 set and bit 3 set. */ if ((id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_3] & 0xC008) == 0x4008 || (id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_4] & 0xC008) == 0x4008) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_sense_reporting(const u16 *id) { if (!(id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 15))) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_3] & (1 << 6); } static inline bool ata_id_sense_reporting_enabled(const u16 *id) { if (!(id[ATA_ID_CFS_ENABLE_2] & (1 << 15))) return false; return id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_4] & (1 << 6); } /** * * Word: 206 - SCT Command Transport * 15:12 - Vendor Specific * 11:6 - Reserved * 5 - SCT Command Transport Data Tables supported * 4 - SCT Command Transport Features Control supported * 3 - SCT Command Transport Error Recovery Control supported * 2 - SCT Command Transport Write Same supported * 1 - SCT Command Transport Long Sector Access supported * 0 - SCT Command Transport supported */ static inline bool ata_id_sct_data_tables(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 5) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_features_ctrl(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 4) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_error_recovery_ctrl(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 3) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_long_sector_access(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 1) ? true : false; } static inline bool ata_id_sct_supported(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SCT_CMD_XPORT] & (1 << 0) ? true : false; } /** * ata_id_major_version - get ATA level of drive * @id: Identify data * * Caveats: * ATA-1 considers identify optional * ATA-2 introduces mandatory identify * ATA-3 introduces word 80 and accurate reporting * * The practical impact of this is that ata_id_major_version cannot * reliably report on drives below ATA3. */ static inline unsigned int ata_id_major_version(const u16 *id) { unsigned int mver; if (id[ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER] == 0xFFFF) return 0; for (mver = 14; mver >= 1; mver--) if (id[ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER] & (1 << mver)) break; return mver; } static inline bool ata_id_is_sata(const u16 *id) { /* * See if word 93 is 0 AND drive is at least ATA-5 compatible * verifying that word 80 by casting it to a signed type -- * this trick allows us to filter out the reserved values of * 0x0000 and 0xffff along with the earlier ATA revisions... */ if (id[ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG] == 0 && (short)id[ATA_ID_MAJOR_VER] >= 0x0020) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_tpm(const u16 *id) { /* The TPM bits are only valid on ATA8 */ if (ata_id_major_version(id) < 8) return false; if ((id[48] & 0xC000) != 0x4000) return false; return id[48] & (1 << 0); } static inline bool ata_id_has_dword_io(const u16 *id) { /* ATA 8 reuses this flag for "trusted" computing */ if (ata_id_major_version(id) > 7) return false; return id[ATA_ID_DWORD_IO] & (1 << 0); } static inline bool ata_id_has_trusted(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_major_version(id) <= 7) return false; return id[ATA_ID_TRUSTED] & (1 << 0); } static inline bool ata_id_has_unload(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_major_version(id) >= 7 && (id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & 0xC000) == 0x4000 && id[ATA_ID_CFSSE] & (1 << 13)) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_wwn(const u16 *id) { return (id[ATA_ID_CSF_DEFAULT] & 0xC100) == 0x4100; } static inline int ata_id_form_factor(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[168]; if (ata_id_major_version(id) < 7 || val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return 0; val &= 0xf; if (val > 5) return 0; return val; } static inline int ata_id_rotation_rate(const u16 *id) { u16 val = id[217]; if (ata_id_major_version(id) < 7 || val == 0 || val == 0xffff) return 0; if (val > 1 && val < 0x401) return 0; return val; } static inline bool ata_id_has_ncq_send_and_recv(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2] & BIT(6); } static inline bool ata_id_has_ncq_non_data(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY_2] & BIT(5); } static inline bool ata_id_has_ncq_prio(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_SATA_CAPABILITY] & BIT(12); } static inline bool ata_id_has_trim(const u16 *id) { if (ata_id_major_version(id) >= 7 && (id[ATA_ID_DATA_SET_MGMT] & 1)) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_has_zero_after_trim(const u16 *id) { /* DSM supported, deterministic read, and read zero after trim set */ if (ata_id_has_trim(id) && (id[ATA_ID_ADDITIONAL_SUPP] & 0x4020) == 0x4020) return true; return false; } static inline bool ata_id_current_chs_valid(const u16 *id) { /* For ATA-1 devices, if the INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETERS command has not been issued to the device then the values of id[ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS] to id[ATA_ID_CUR_SECTORS] are vendor specific. */ return (id[ATA_ID_FIELD_VALID] & 1) && /* Current translation valid */ id[ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS] && /* cylinders in current translation */ id[ATA_ID_CUR_HEADS] && /* heads in current translation */ id[ATA_ID_CUR_HEADS] <= 16 && id[ATA_ID_CUR_SECTORS]; /* sectors in current translation */ } static inline bool ata_id_is_cfa(const u16 *id) { if ((id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] == 0x848A) || /* Traditional CF */ (id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] == 0x844A)) /* Delkin Devices CF */ return true; /* * CF specs don't require specific value in the word 0 anymore and yet * they forbid to report the ATA version in the word 80 and require the * CFA feature set support to be indicated in the word 83 in this case. * Unfortunately, some cards only follow either of this requirements, * and while those that don't indicate CFA feature support need some * sort of quirk list, it seems impractical for the ones that do... */ return (id[ATA_ID_COMMAND_SET_2] & 0xC004) == 0x4004; } static inline bool ata_id_is_ssd(const u16 *id) { return id[ATA_ID_ROT_SPEED] == 0x01; } static inline u8 ata_id_zoned_cap(const u16 *id) { return (id[ATA_ID_ADDITIONAL_SUPP] & 0x3); } static inline bool ata_id_pio_need_iordy(const u16 *id, const u8 pio) { /* CF spec. r4.1 Table 22 says no IORDY on PIO5 and PIO6. */ if (pio > 4 && ata_id_is_cfa(id)) return false; /* For PIO3 and higher it is mandatory. */ if (pio > 2) return true; /* Turn it on when possible. */ return ata_id_has_iordy(id); } static inline bool ata_drive_40wire(const u16 *dev_id) { if (ata_id_is_sata(dev_id)) return false; /* SATA */ if ((dev_id[ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG] & 0xE000) == 0x6000) return false; /* 80 wire */ return true; } static inline bool ata_drive_40wire_relaxed(const u16 *dev_id) { if ((dev_id[ATA_ID_HW_CONFIG] & 0x2000) == 0x2000) return false; /* 80 wire */ return true; } static inline int atapi_cdb_len(const u16 *dev_id) { u16 tmp = dev_id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] & 0x3; switch (tmp) { case 0: return 12; case 1: return 16; default: return -1; } } static inline int atapi_command_packet_set(const u16 *dev_id) { return (dev_id[ATA_ID_CONFIG] >> 8) & 0x1f; } static inline bool atapi_id_dmadir(const u16 *dev_id) { return ata_id_major_version(dev_id) >= 7 && (dev_id[62] & 0x8000); } /* * ata_id_is_lba_capacity_ok() performs a sanity check on * the claimed LBA capacity value for the device. * * Returns 1 if LBA capacity looks sensible, 0 otherwise. * * It is called only once for each device. */ static inline bool ata_id_is_lba_capacity_ok(u16 *id) { unsigned long lba_sects, chs_sects, head, tail; /* No non-LBA info .. so valid! */ if (id[ATA_ID_CYLS] == 0) return true; lba_sects = ata_id_u32(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY); /* * The ATA spec tells large drives to return * C/H/S = 16383/16/63 independent of their size. * Some drives can be jumpered to use 15 heads instead of 16. * Some drives can be jumpered to use 4092 cyls instead of 16383. */ if ((id[ATA_ID_CYLS] == 16383 || (id[ATA_ID_CYLS] == 4092 && id[ATA_ID_CUR_CYLS] == 16383)) && id[ATA_ID_SECTORS] == 63 && (id[ATA_ID_HEADS] == 15 || id[ATA_ID_HEADS] == 16) && (lba_sects >= 16383 * 63 * id[ATA_ID_HEADS])) return true; chs_sects = id[ATA_ID_CYLS] * id[ATA_ID_HEADS] * id[ATA_ID_SECTORS]; /* perform a rough sanity check on lba_sects: within 10% is OK */ if (lba_sects - chs_sects < chs_sects/10) return true; /* some drives have the word order reversed */ head = (lba_sects >> 16) & 0xffff; tail = lba_sects & 0xffff; lba_sects = head | (tail << 16); if (lba_sects - chs_sects < chs_sects/10) { *(__le32 *)&id[ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY] = __cpu_to_le32(lba_sects); return true; /* LBA capacity is (now) good */ } return false; /* LBA capacity value may be bad */ } static inline void ata_id_to_hd_driveid(u16 *id) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN /* accessed in struct hd_driveid as 8-bit values */ id[ATA_ID_MAX_MULTSECT] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_MAX_MULTSECT]); id[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_CAPABILITY]); id[ATA_ID_OLD_PIO_MODES] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_OLD_PIO_MODES]); id[ATA_ID_OLD_DMA_MODES] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_OLD_DMA_MODES]); id[ATA_ID_MULTSECT] = __cpu_to_le16(id[ATA_ID_MULTSECT]); /* as 32-bit values */ *(u32 *)&id[ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY] = ata_id_u32(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY); *(u32 *)&id[ATA_ID_SPG] = ata_id_u32(id, ATA_ID_SPG); /* as 64-bit value */ *(u64 *)&id[ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2] = ata_id_u64(id, ATA_ID_LBA_CAPACITY_2); #endif } static inline bool ata_ok(u8 status) { return ((status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRDY | ATA_DF | ATA_DRQ | ATA_ERR)) == ATA_DRDY); } static inline bool lba_28_ok(u64 block, u32 n_block) { /* check the ending block number: must be LESS THAN 0x0fffffff */ return ((block + n_block) < ((1 << 28) - 1)) && (n_block <= ATA_MAX_SECTORS); } static inline bool lba_48_ok(u64 block, u32 n_block) { /* check the ending block number */ return ((block + n_block - 1) < ((u64)1 << 48)) && (n_block <= ATA_MAX_SECTORS_LBA48); } #define sata_pmp_gscr_vendor(gscr) ((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_PROD_ID] & 0xffff) #define sata_pmp_gscr_devid(gscr) ((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_PROD_ID] >> 16) #define sata_pmp_gscr_rev(gscr) (((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_REV] >> 8) & 0xff) #define sata_pmp_gscr_ports(gscr) ((gscr)[SATA_PMP_GSCR_PORT_INFO] & 0xf) #endif /* __LINUX_ATA_H__ */
7 7 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Lock-less NULL terminated single linked list * * The basic atomic operation of this list is cmpxchg on long. On * architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation, the * list can NOT be used in NMI handlers. So code that uses the list in * an NMI handler should depend on CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG. * * Copyright 2010,2011 Intel Corp. * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/llist.h> /** * llist_add_batch - add several linked entries in batch * @new_first: first entry in batch to be added * @new_last: last entry in batch to be added * @head: the head for your lock-less list * * Return whether list is empty before adding. */ bool llist_add_batch(struct llist_node *new_first, struct llist_node *new_last, struct llist_head *head) { struct llist_node *first; do { new_last->next = first = READ_ONCE(head->first); } while (cmpxchg(&head->first, first, new_first) != first); return !first; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(llist_add_batch); /** * llist_del_first - delete the first entry of lock-less list * @head: the head for your lock-less list * * If list is empty, return NULL, otherwise, return the first entry * deleted, this is the newest added one. * * Only one llist_del_first user can be used simultaneously with * multiple llist_add users without lock. Because otherwise * llist_del_first, llist_add, llist_add (or llist_del_all, llist_add, * llist_add) sequence in another user may change @head->first->next, * but keep @head->first. If multiple consumers are needed, please * use llist_del_all or use lock between consumers. */ struct llist_node *llist_del_first(struct llist_head *head) { struct llist_node *entry, *old_entry, *next; entry = smp_load_acquire(&head->first); for (;;) { if (entry == NULL) return NULL; old_entry = entry; next = READ_ONCE(entry->next); entry = cmpxchg(&head->first, old_entry, next); if (entry == old_entry) break; } return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(llist_del_first); /** * llist_reverse_order - reverse order of a llist chain * @head: first item of the list to be reversed * * Reverse the order of a chain of llist entries and return the * new first entry. */ struct llist_node *llist_reverse_order(struct llist_node *head) { struct llist_node *new_head = NULL; while (head) { struct llist_node *tmp = head; head = head->next; tmp->next = new_head; new_head = tmp; } return new_head; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(llist_reverse_order);
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Out-of-line refcount functions. */ #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #define REFCOUNT_WARN(str) WARN_ONCE(1, "refcount_t: " str ".\n") void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t) { refcount_set(r, REFCOUNT_SATURATED); switch (t) { case REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF: REFCOUNT_WARN("saturated; leaking memory"); break; case REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF: REFCOUNT_WARN("saturated; leaking memory"); break; case REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF: REFCOUNT_WARN("addition on 0; use-after-free"); break; case REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF: REFCOUNT_WARN("underflow; use-after-free"); break; case REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK: REFCOUNT_WARN("decrement hit 0; leaking memory"); break; default: REFCOUNT_WARN("unknown saturation event!?"); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_warn_saturate); /** * refcount_dec_if_one - decrement a refcount if it is 1 * @r: the refcount * * No atomic_t counterpart, it attempts a 1 -> 0 transition and returns the * success thereof. * * Like all decrement operations, it provides release memory order and provides * a control dependency. * * It can be used like a try-delete operator; this explicit case is provided * and not cmpxchg in generic, because that would allow implementing unsafe * operations. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r) { int val = 1; return atomic_try_cmpxchg_release(&r->refs, &val, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_dec_if_one); /** * refcount_dec_not_one - decrement a refcount if it is not 1 * @r: the refcount * * No atomic_t counterpart, it decrements unless the value is 1, in which case * it will return false. * * Was often done like: atomic_add_unless(&var, -1, 1) * * Return: true if the decrement operation was successful, false otherwise */ bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r) { unsigned int new, val = atomic_read(&r->refs); do { if (unlikely(val == REFCOUNT_SATURATED)) return true; if (val == 1) return false; new = val - 1; if (new > val) { WARN_ONCE(new > val, "refcount_t: underflow; use-after-free.\n"); return true; } } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_release(&r->refs, &val, new)); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_dec_not_one); /** * refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock - return holding mutex if able to decrement * refcount to 0 * @r: the refcount * @lock: the mutex to be locked * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(), it will WARN on underflow and fail * to decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides a control dependency such that free() must come after. * See the comment on top. * * Return: true and hold mutex if able to decrement refcount to 0, false * otherwise */ bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock) { if (refcount_dec_not_one(r)) return false; mutex_lock(lock); if (!refcount_dec_and_test(r)) { mutex_unlock(lock); return false; } return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock); /** * refcount_dec_and_lock - return holding spinlock if able to decrement * refcount to 0 * @r: the refcount * @lock: the spinlock to be locked * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_lock(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to * decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides a control dependency such that free() must come after. * See the comment on top. * * Return: true and hold spinlock if able to decrement refcount to 0, false * otherwise */ bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock) { if (refcount_dec_not_one(r)) return false; spin_lock(lock); if (!refcount_dec_and_test(r)) { spin_unlock(lock); return false; } return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_dec_and_lock); /** * refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave - return holding spinlock with disabled * interrupts if able to decrement refcount to 0 * @r: the refcount * @lock: the spinlock to be locked * @flags: saved IRQ-flags if the is acquired * * Same as refcount_dec_and_lock() above except that the spinlock is acquired * with disabled interupts. * * Return: true and hold spinlock if able to decrement refcount to 0, false * otherwise */ bool refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags) { if (refcount_dec_not_one(r)) return false; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, *flags); if (!refcount_dec_and_test(r)) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, *flags); return false; } return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _BLOCK_BLK_PM_H_ #define _BLOCK_BLK_PM_H_ #include <linux/pm_runtime.h> #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline int blk_pm_resume_queue(const bool pm, struct request_queue *q) { if (!q->dev || !blk_queue_pm_only(q)) return 1; /* Nothing to do */ if (pm && q->rpm_status != RPM_SUSPENDED) return 1; /* Request allowed */ pm_request_resume(q->dev); return 0; } static inline void blk_pm_mark_last_busy(struct request *rq) { if (rq->q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(rq->q->dev); } static inline void blk_pm_requeue_request(struct request *rq) { lockdep_assert_held(&rq->q->queue_lock); if (rq->q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) rq->q->nr_pending--; } static inline void blk_pm_add_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->queue_lock); if (q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) q->nr_pending++; } static inline void blk_pm_put_request(struct request *rq) { lockdep_assert_held(&rq->q->queue_lock); if (rq->q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) --rq->q->nr_pending; } #else static inline int blk_pm_resume_queue(const bool pm, struct request_queue *q) { return 1; } static inline void blk_pm_mark_last_busy(struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_pm_requeue_request(struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_pm_add_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_pm_put_request(struct request *rq) { } #endif #endif /* _BLOCK_BLK_PM_H_ */
8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #define _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sched.h> typedef void (*task_work_func_t)(struct callback_head *); static inline void init_task_work(struct callback_head *twork, task_work_func_t func) { twork->func = func; } enum task_work_notify_mode { TWA_NONE, TWA_RESUME, TWA_SIGNAL, }; int task_work_add(struct task_struct *task, struct callback_head *twork, enum task_work_notify_mode mode); struct callback_head *task_work_cancel(struct task_struct *, task_work_func_t); void task_work_run(void); static inline void exit_task_work(struct task_struct *task) { task_work_run(); } #endif /* _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KASAN_H #define _LINUX_KASAN_H #include <linux/types.h> struct kmem_cache; struct page; struct vm_struct; struct task_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN #include <linux/pgtable.h> #include <asm/kasan.h> /* kasan_data struct is used in KUnit tests for KASAN expected failures */ struct kunit_kasan_expectation { bool report_expected; bool report_found; }; extern unsigned char kasan_early_shadow_page[PAGE_SIZE]; extern pte_t kasan_early_shadow_pte[PTRS_PER_PTE]; extern pmd_t kasan_early_shadow_pmd[PTRS_PER_PMD]; extern pud_t kasan_early_shadow_pud[PTRS_PER_PUD]; extern p4d_t kasan_early_shadow_p4d[MAX_PTRS_PER_P4D]; int kasan_populate_early_shadow(const void *shadow_start, const void *shadow_end); static inline void *kasan_mem_to_shadow(const void *addr) { return (void *)((unsigned long)addr >> KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET; } /* Enable reporting bugs after kasan_disable_current() */ extern void kasan_enable_current(void); /* Disable reporting bugs for current task */ extern void kasan_disable_current(void); void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size); void kasan_unpoison_task_stack(struct task_struct *task); void kasan_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order); void kasan_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order); void kasan_cache_create(struct kmem_cache *cache, unsigned int *size, slab_flags_t *flags); void kasan_poison_slab(struct page *page); void kasan_unpoison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object); void kasan_poison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object); void * __must_check kasan_init_slab_obj(struct kmem_cache *cache, const void *object); void * __must_check kasan_kmalloc_large(const void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t flags); void kasan_kfree_large(void *ptr, unsigned long ip); void kasan_poison_kfree(void *ptr, unsigned long ip); void * __must_check kasan_kmalloc(struct kmem_cache *s, const void *object, size_t size, gfp_t flags); void * __must_check kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size, gfp_t flags); void * __must_check kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, gfp_t flags); bool kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, unsigned long ip); struct kasan_cache { int alloc_meta_offset; int free_meta_offset; }; /* * These functions provide a special case to support backing module * allocations with real shadow memory. With KASAN vmalloc, the special * case is unnecessary, as the work is handled in the generic case. */ #ifndef CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size); void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm); #else static inline int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm) {} #endif int kasan_add_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size); void kasan_remove_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size); size_t __ksize(const void *); static inline void kasan_unpoison_slab(const void *ptr) { kasan_unpoison_shadow(ptr, __ksize(ptr)); } size_t kasan_metadata_size(struct kmem_cache *cache); bool kasan_save_enable_multi_shot(void); void kasan_restore_multi_shot(bool enabled); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN */ static inline void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size) {} static inline void kasan_unpoison_task_stack(struct task_struct *task) {} static inline void kasan_enable_current(void) {} static inline void kasan_disable_current(void) {} static inline void kasan_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order) {} static inline void kasan_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order) {} static inline void kasan_cache_create(struct kmem_cache *cache, unsigned int *size, slab_flags_t *flags) {} static inline void kasan_poison_slab(struct page *page) {} static inline void kasan_unpoison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object) {} static inline void kasan_poison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object) {} static inline void *kasan_init_slab_obj(struct kmem_cache *cache, const void *object) { return (void *)object; } static inline void *kasan_kmalloc_large(void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return ptr; } static inline void kasan_kfree_large(void *ptr, unsigned long ip) {} static inline void kasan_poison_kfree(void *ptr, unsigned long ip) {} static inline void *kasan_kmalloc(struct kmem_cache *s, const void *object, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return (void *)object; } static inline void *kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size, gfp_t flags) { return (void *)object; } static inline void *kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, gfp_t flags) { return object; } static inline bool kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, unsigned long ip) { return false; } static inline int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm) {} static inline int kasan_add_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_remove_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size) {} static inline void kasan_unpoison_slab(const void *ptr) { } static inline size_t kasan_metadata_size(struct kmem_cache *cache) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC #define KASAN_SHADOW_INIT 0 void kasan_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cache); void kasan_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *cache); void kasan_record_aux_stack(void *ptr); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC */ static inline void kasan_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cache) {} static inline void kasan_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *cache) {} static inline void kasan_record_aux_stack(void *ptr) {} #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS #define KASAN_SHADOW_INIT 0xFF void kasan_init_tags(void); void *kasan_reset_tag(const void *addr); bool kasan_report(unsigned long addr, size_t size, bool is_write, unsigned long ip); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS */ static inline void kasan_init_tags(void) { } static inline void *kasan_reset_tag(const void *addr) { return (void *)addr; } #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC int kasan_populate_vmalloc(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); void kasan_poison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size); void kasan_unpoison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size); void kasan_release_vmalloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long free_region_start, unsigned long free_region_end); #else static inline int kasan_populate_vmalloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_poison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size) { } static inline void kasan_unpoison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size) { } static inline void kasan_release_vmalloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long free_region_start, unsigned long free_region_end) {} #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE void kasan_non_canonical_hook(unsigned long addr); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE */ static inline void kasan_non_canonical_hook(unsigned long addr) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE */ #endif /* LINUX_KASAN_H */
2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #define _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/err.h> #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS 5 #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_EXTENTS 340 struct uid_gid_extent { u32 first; u32 lower_first; u32 count; }; struct uid_gid_map { /* 64 bytes -- 1 cache line */ u32 nr_extents; union { struct uid_gid_extent extent[UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS]; struct { struct uid_gid_extent *forward; struct uid_gid_extent *reverse; }; }; }; #define USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED 1UL #define USERNS_INIT_FLAGS USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED struct ucounts; enum ucount_type { UCOUNT_USER_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_PID_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_UTS_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_IPC_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_NET_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_CGROUP_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_TIME_NAMESPACES, #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES, #endif UCOUNT_COUNTS, }; struct user_namespace { struct uid_gid_map uid_map; struct uid_gid_map gid_map; struct uid_gid_map projid_map; atomic_t count; struct user_namespace *parent; int level; kuid_t owner; kgid_t group; struct ns_common ns; unsigned long flags; /* parent_could_setfcap: true if the creator if this ns had CAP_SETFCAP * in its effective capability set at the child ns creation time. */ bool parent_could_setfcap; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* List of joinable keyrings in this namespace. Modification access of * these pointers is controlled by keyring_sem. Once * user_keyring_register is set, it won't be changed, so it can be * accessed directly with READ_ONCE(). */ struct list_head keyring_name_list; struct key *user_keyring_register; struct rw_semaphore keyring_sem; #endif /* Register of per-UID persistent keyrings for this namespace */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS struct key *persistent_keyring_register; #endif struct work_struct work; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set set; struct ctl_table_header *sysctls; #endif struct ucounts *ucounts; int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; } __randomize_layout; struct ucounts { struct hlist_node node; struct user_namespace *ns; kuid_t uid; int count; atomic_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; }; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; bool setup_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); void retire_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, enum ucount_type type); void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type); #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns) atomic_inc(&ns->count); return ns; } extern int create_user_ns(struct cred *new); extern int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred); extern void __put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns); static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns && atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) __put_user_ns(ns); } struct seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_uid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_gid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_projid_seq_operations; extern ssize_t proc_uid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_gid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_projid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_setgroups_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern int proc_setgroups_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); extern bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns); extern bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child); extern bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns); struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns); #else static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { return &init_user_ns; } static inline int create_user_ns(struct cred *new) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred) { if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { } static inline bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns) { return true; } static inline bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child) { return true; } static inline bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns) { return true; } static inline struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_USER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the Forwarding Information Base. * * Authors: A.N.Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> */ #ifndef _NET_IP_FIB_H #define _NET_IP_FIB_H #include <net/flow.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <net/fib_rules.h> #include <net/inetpeer.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct fib_config { u8 fc_dst_len; u8 fc_tos; u8 fc_protocol; u8 fc_scope; u8 fc_type; u8 fc_gw_family; /* 2 bytes unused */ u32 fc_table; __be32 fc_dst; union { __be32 fc_gw4; struct in6_addr fc_gw6; }; int fc_oif; u32 fc_flags; u32 fc_priority; __be32 fc_prefsrc; u32 fc_nh_id; struct nlattr *fc_mx; struct rtnexthop *fc_mp; int fc_mx_len; int fc_mp_len; u32 fc_flow; u32 fc_nlflags; struct nl_info fc_nlinfo; struct nlattr *fc_encap; u16 fc_encap_type; }; struct fib_info; struct rtable; struct fib_nh_exception { struct fib_nh_exception __rcu *fnhe_next; int fnhe_genid; __be32 fnhe_daddr; u32 fnhe_pmtu; bool fnhe_mtu_locked; __be32 fnhe_gw; unsigned long fnhe_expires; struct rtable __rcu *fnhe_rth_input; struct rtable __rcu *fnhe_rth_output; unsigned long fnhe_stamp; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct fnhe_hash_bucket { struct fib_nh_exception __rcu *chain; }; #define FNHE_HASH_SHIFT 11 #define FNHE_HASH_SIZE (1 << FNHE_HASH_SHIFT) #define FNHE_RECLAIM_DEPTH 5 struct fib_nh_common { struct net_device *nhc_dev; int nhc_oif; unsigned char nhc_scope; u8 nhc_family; u8 nhc_gw_family; unsigned char nhc_flags; struct lwtunnel_state *nhc_lwtstate; union { __be32 ipv4; struct in6_addr ipv6; } nhc_gw; int nhc_weight; atomic_t nhc_upper_bound; /* v4 specific, but allows fib6_nh with v4 routes */ struct rtable __rcu * __percpu *nhc_pcpu_rth_output; struct rtable __rcu *nhc_rth_input; struct fnhe_hash_bucket __rcu *nhc_exceptions; }; struct fib_nh { struct fib_nh_common nh_common; struct hlist_node nh_hash; struct fib_info *nh_parent; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID __u32 nh_tclassid; #endif __be32 nh_saddr; int nh_saddr_genid; #define fib_nh_family nh_common.nhc_family #define fib_nh_dev nh_common.nhc_dev #define fib_nh_oif nh_common.nhc_oif #define fib_nh_flags nh_common.nhc_flags #define fib_nh_lws nh_common.nhc_lwtstate #define fib_nh_scope nh_common.nhc_scope #define fib_nh_gw_family nh_common.nhc_gw_family #define fib_nh_gw4 nh_common.nhc_gw.ipv4 #define fib_nh_gw6 nh_common.nhc_gw.ipv6 #define fib_nh_weight nh_common.nhc_weight #define fib_nh_upper_bound nh_common.nhc_upper_bound }; /* * This structure contains data shared by many of routes. */ struct nexthop; struct fib_info { struct hlist_node fib_hash; struct hlist_node fib_lhash; struct list_head nh_list; struct net *fib_net; int fib_treeref; refcount_t fib_clntref; unsigned int fib_flags; unsigned char fib_dead; unsigned char fib_protocol; unsigned char fib_scope; unsigned char fib_type; __be32 fib_prefsrc; u32 fib_tb_id; u32 fib_priority; struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics; #define fib_mtu fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_MTU-1] #define fib_window fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_WINDOW-1] #define fib_rtt fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_RTT-1] #define fib_advmss fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_ADVMSS-1] int fib_nhs; bool fib_nh_is_v6; bool nh_updated; struct nexthop *nh; struct rcu_head rcu; struct fib_nh fib_nh[]; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES struct fib_rule; #endif struct fib_table; struct fib_result { __be32 prefix; unsigned char prefixlen; unsigned char nh_sel; unsigned char type; unsigned char scope; u32 tclassid; struct fib_nh_common *nhc; struct fib_info *fi; struct fib_table *table; struct hlist_head *fa_head; }; struct fib_result_nl { __be32 fl_addr; /* To be looked up*/ u32 fl_mark; unsigned char fl_tos; unsigned char fl_scope; unsigned char tb_id_in; unsigned char tb_id; /* Results */ unsigned char prefixlen; unsigned char nh_sel; unsigned char type; unsigned char scope; int err; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES #define FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ 256 #else #define FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ 2 #endif __be32 fib_info_update_nhc_saddr(struct net *net, struct fib_nh_common *nhc, unsigned char scope); __be32 fib_result_prefsrc(struct net *net, struct fib_result *res); #define FIB_RES_NHC(res) ((res).nhc) #define FIB_RES_DEV(res) (FIB_RES_NHC(res)->nhc_dev) #define FIB_RES_OIF(res) (FIB_RES_NHC(res)->nhc_oif) struct fib_rt_info { struct fib_info *fi; u32 tb_id; __be32 dst; int dst_len; u8 tos; u8 type; u8 offload:1, trap:1, unused:6; }; struct fib_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; /* must be first */ u32 dst; int dst_len; struct fib_info *fi; u8 tos; u8 type; u32 tb_id; }; struct fib_nh_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; /* must be first */ struct fib_nh *fib_nh; }; int call_fib4_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct fib_notifier_info *info); int call_fib4_notifiers(struct net *net, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct fib_notifier_info *info); int __net_init fib4_notifier_init(struct net *net); void __net_exit fib4_notifier_exit(struct net *net); void fib_info_notify_update(struct net *net, struct nl_info *info); int fib_notify(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct fib_table { struct hlist_node tb_hlist; u32 tb_id; int tb_num_default; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned long *tb_data; unsigned long __data[]; }; struct fib_dump_filter { u32 table_id; /* filter_set is an optimization that an entry is set */ bool filter_set; bool dump_routes; bool dump_exceptions; unsigned char protocol; unsigned char rt_type; unsigned int flags; struct net_device *dev; }; int fib_table_lookup(struct fib_table *tb, const struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, int fib_flags); int fib_table_insert(struct net *, struct fib_table *, struct fib_config *, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_table_delete(struct net *, struct fib_table *, struct fib_config *, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_table_dump(struct fib_table *table, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int fib_table_flush(struct net *net, struct fib_table *table, bool flush_all); struct fib_table *fib_trie_unmerge(struct fib_table *main_tb); void fib_table_flush_external(struct fib_table *table); void fib_free_table(struct fib_table *tb); #ifndef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES #define TABLE_LOCAL_INDEX (RT_TABLE_LOCAL & (FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ - 1)) #define TABLE_MAIN_INDEX (RT_TABLE_MAIN & (FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ - 1)) static inline struct fib_table *fib_get_table(struct net *net, u32 id) { struct hlist_node *tb_hlist; struct hlist_head *ptr; ptr = id == RT_TABLE_LOCAL ? &net->ipv4.fib_table_hash[TABLE_LOCAL_INDEX] : &net->ipv4.fib_table_hash[TABLE_MAIN_INDEX]; tb_hlist = rcu_dereference_rtnl(hlist_first_rcu(ptr)); return hlist_entry(tb_hlist, struct fib_table, tb_hlist); } static inline struct fib_table *fib_new_table(struct net *net, u32 id) { return fib_get_table(net, id); } static inline int fib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, unsigned int flags) { struct fib_table *tb; int err = -ENETUNREACH; rcu_read_lock(); tb = fib_get_table(net, RT_TABLE_MAIN); if (tb) err = fib_table_lookup(tb, flp, res, flags | FIB_LOOKUP_NOREF); if (err == -EAGAIN) err = -ENETUNREACH; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } static inline bool fib4_has_custom_rules(const struct net *net) { return false; } static inline bool fib4_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule) { return true; } static inline int fib4_rules_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int fib4_rules_seq_read(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline bool fib4_rules_early_flow_dissect(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct flow_keys *flkeys) { return false; } #else /* CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES */ int __net_init fib4_rules_init(struct net *net); void __net_exit fib4_rules_exit(struct net *net); struct fib_table *fib_new_table(struct net *net, u32 id); struct fib_table *fib_get_table(struct net *net, u32 id); int __fib_lookup(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, unsigned int flags); static inline int fib_lookup(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, unsigned int flags) { struct fib_table *tb; int err = -ENETUNREACH; flags |= FIB_LOOKUP_NOREF; if (net->ipv4.fib_has_custom_rules) return __fib_lookup(net, flp, res, flags); rcu_read_lock(); res->tclassid = 0; tb = rcu_dereference_rtnl(net->ipv4.fib_main); if (tb) err = fib_table_lookup(tb, flp, res, flags); if (!err) goto out; tb = rcu_dereference_rtnl(net->ipv4.fib_default); if (tb) err = fib_table_lookup(tb, flp, res, flags); out: if (err == -EAGAIN) err = -ENETUNREACH; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } static inline bool fib4_has_custom_rules(const struct net *net) { return net->ipv4.fib_has_custom_rules; } bool fib4_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule); int fib4_rules_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned int fib4_rules_seq_read(struct net *net); static inline bool fib4_rules_early_flow_dissect(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct flow_keys *flkeys) { unsigned int flag = FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP; if (!net->ipv4.fib_rules_require_fldissect) return false; skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(skb, flkeys, flag); fl4->fl4_sport = flkeys->ports.src; fl4->fl4_dport = flkeys->ports.dst; fl4->flowi4_proto = flkeys->basic.ip_proto; return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES */ /* Exported by fib_frontend.c */ extern const struct nla_policy rtm_ipv4_policy[]; void ip_fib_init(void); int fib_gw_from_via(struct fib_config *cfg, struct nlattr *nla, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); __be32 fib_compute_spec_dst(struct sk_buff *skb); bool fib_info_nh_uses_dev(struct fib_info *fi, const struct net_device *dev); int fib_validate_source(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst, u8 tos, int oif, struct net_device *dev, struct in_device *idev, u32 *itag); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID static inline int fib_num_tclassid_users(struct net *net) { return net->ipv4.fib_num_tclassid_users; } #else static inline int fib_num_tclassid_users(struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif int fib_unmerge(struct net *net); static inline bool nhc_l3mdev_matches_dev(const struct fib_nh_common *nhc, const struct net_device *dev) { if (nhc->nhc_dev == dev || l3mdev_master_ifindex_rcu(nhc->nhc_dev) == dev->ifindex) return true; return false; } /* Exported by fib_semantics.c */ int ip_fib_check_default(__be32 gw, struct net_device *dev); int fib_sync_down_dev(struct net_device *dev, unsigned long event, bool force); int fib_sync_down_addr(struct net_device *dev, __be32 local); int fib_sync_up(struct net_device *dev, unsigned char nh_flags); void fib_sync_mtu(struct net_device *dev, u32 orig_mtu); void fib_nhc_update_mtu(struct fib_nh_common *nhc, u32 new, u32 orig); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH int fib_multipath_hash(const struct net *net, const struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flkeys); #endif int fib_check_nh(struct net *net, struct fib_nh *nh, u32 table, u8 scope, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void fib_select_multipath(struct fib_result *res, int hash); void fib_select_path(struct net *net, struct fib_result *res, struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb); int fib_nh_init(struct net *net, struct fib_nh *fib_nh, struct fib_config *cfg, int nh_weight, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void fib_nh_release(struct net *net, struct fib_nh *fib_nh); int fib_nh_common_init(struct net *net, struct fib_nh_common *nhc, struct nlattr *fc_encap, u16 fc_encap_type, void *cfg, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void fib_nh_common_release(struct fib_nh_common *nhc); /* Exported by fib_trie.c */ void fib_alias_hw_flags_set(struct net *net, const struct fib_rt_info *fri); void fib_trie_init(void); struct fib_table *fib_trie_table(u32 id, struct fib_table *alias); bool fib_lookup_good_nhc(const struct fib_nh_common *nhc, int fib_flags, const struct flowi4 *flp); static inline void fib_combine_itag(u32 *itag, const struct fib_result *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID struct fib_nh_common *nhc = res->nhc; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES u32 rtag; #endif if (nhc->nhc_family == AF_INET) { struct fib_nh *nh; nh = container_of(nhc, struct fib_nh, nh_common); *itag = nh->nh_tclassid << 16; } else { *itag = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES rtag = res->tclassid; if (*itag == 0) *itag = (rtag<<16); *itag |= (rtag>>16); #endif #endif } void fib_flush(struct net *net); void free_fib_info(struct fib_info *fi); static inline void fib_info_hold(struct fib_info *fi) { refcount_inc(&fi->fib_clntref); } static inline void fib_info_put(struct fib_info *fi) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&fi->fib_clntref)) free_fib_info(fi); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int __net_init fib_proc_init(struct net *net); void __net_exit fib_proc_exit(struct net *net); #else static inline int fib_proc_init(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline void fib_proc_exit(struct net *net) { } #endif u32 ip_mtu_from_fib_result(struct fib_result *res, __be32 daddr); int ip_valid_fib_dump_req(struct net *net, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct fib_dump_filter *filter, struct netlink_callback *cb); int fib_nexthop_info(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct fib_nh_common *nh, u8 rt_family, unsigned char *flags, bool skip_oif); int fib_add_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct fib_nh_common *nh, int nh_weight, u8 rt_family, u32 nh_tclassid); #endif /* _NET_FIB_H */
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3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Simple NUMA memory policy for the Linux kernel. * * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * (C) Copyright 2005 Christoph Lameter, Silicon Graphics, Inc. * * NUMA policy allows the user to give hints in which node(s) memory should * be allocated. * * Support four policies per VMA and per process: * * The VMA policy has priority over the process policy for a page fault. * * interleave Allocate memory interleaved over a set of nodes, * with normal fallback if it fails. * For VMA based allocations this interleaves based on the * offset into the backing object or offset into the mapping * for anonymous memory. For process policy an process counter * is used. * * bind Only allocate memory on a specific set of nodes, * no fallback. * FIXME: memory is allocated starting with the first node * to the last. It would be better if bind would truly restrict * the allocation to memory nodes instead * * preferred Try a specific node first before normal fallback. * As a special case NUMA_NO_NODE here means do the allocation * on the local CPU. This is normally identical to default, * but useful to set in a VMA when you have a non default * process policy. * * default Allocate on the local node first, or when on a VMA * use the process policy. This is what Linux always did * in a NUMA aware kernel and still does by, ahem, default. * * The process policy is applied for most non interrupt memory allocations * in that process' context. Interrupts ignore the policies and always * try to allocate on the local CPU. The VMA policy is only applied for memory * allocations for a VMA in the VM. * * Currently there are a few corner cases in swapping where the policy * is not applied, but the majority should be handled. When process policy * is used it is not remembered over swap outs/swap ins. * * Only the highest zone in the zone hierarchy gets policied. Allocations * requesting a lower zone just use default policy. This implies that * on systems with highmem kernel lowmem allocation don't get policied. * Same with GFP_DMA allocations. * * For shmfs/tmpfs/hugetlbfs shared memory the policy is shared between * all users and remembered even when nobody has memory mapped. */ /* Notebook: fix mmap readahead to honour policy and enable policy for any page cache object statistics for bigpages global policy for page cache? currently it uses process policy. Requires first item above. handle mremap for shared memory (currently ignored for the policy) grows down? make bind policy root only? It can trigger oom much faster and the kernel is not always grateful with that. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagewalk.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" /* Internal flags */ #define MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 0) /* Skip checks for continuous vmas */ #define MPOL_MF_INVERT (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 1) /* Invert check for nodemask */ static struct kmem_cache *policy_cache; static struct kmem_cache *sn_cache; /* Highest zone. An specific allocation for a zone below that is not policied. */ enum zone_type policy_zone = 0; /* * run-time system-wide default policy => local allocation */ static struct mempolicy default_policy = { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), /* never free it */ .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_LOCAL, }; static struct mempolicy preferred_node_policy[MAX_NUMNODES]; /** * numa_map_to_online_node - Find closest online node * @node: Node id to start the search * * Lookup the next closest node by distance if @nid is not online. */ int numa_map_to_online_node(int node) { int min_dist = INT_MAX, dist, n, min_node; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE || node_online(node)) return node; min_node = node; for_each_online_node(n) { dist = node_distance(node, n); if (dist < min_dist) { min_dist = dist; min_node = n; } } return min_node; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(numa_map_to_online_node); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p) { struct mempolicy *pol = p->mempolicy; int node; if (pol) return pol; node = numa_node_id(); if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE) { pol = &preferred_node_policy[node]; /* preferred_node_policy is not initialised early in boot */ if (pol->mode) return pol; } return &default_policy; } static const struct mempolicy_operations { int (*create)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); void (*rebind)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); } mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX]; static inline int mpol_store_user_nodemask(const struct mempolicy *pol) { return pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; } static void mpol_relative_nodemask(nodemask_t *ret, const nodemask_t *orig, const nodemask_t *rel) { nodemask_t tmp; nodes_fold(tmp, *orig, nodes_weight(*rel)); nodes_onto(*ret, tmp, *rel); } static int mpol_new_interleave(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } static int mpol_new_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (!nodes) pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* local allocation */ else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; /* no allowed nodes */ else pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(*nodes); return 0; } static int mpol_new_bind(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } /* * mpol_set_nodemask is called after mpol_new() to set up the nodemask, if * any, for the new policy. mpol_new() has already validated the nodes * parameter with respect to the policy mode and flags. But, we need to * handle an empty nodemask with MPOL_PREFERRED here. * * Must be called holding task's alloc_lock to protect task's mems_allowed * and mempolicy. May also be called holding the mmap_lock for write. */ static int mpol_set_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes, struct nodemask_scratch *nsc) { int ret; /* if mode is MPOL_DEFAULT, pol is NULL. This is right. */ if (pol == NULL) return 0; /* Check N_MEMORY */ nodes_and(nsc->mask1, cpuset_current_mems_allowed, node_states[N_MEMORY]); VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && nodes_empty(*nodes)) nodes = NULL; /* explicit local allocation */ else { if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&nsc->mask2, nodes, &nsc->mask1); else nodes_and(nsc->mask2, *nodes, nsc->mask1); if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) pol->w.user_nodemask = *nodes; else pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; } if (nodes) ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, &nsc->mask2); else ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, NULL); return ret; } /* * This function just creates a new policy, does some check and simple * initialization. You must invoke mpol_set_nodemask() to set nodes. */ static struct mempolicy *mpol_new(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *policy; pr_debug("setting mode %d flags %d nodes[0] %lx\n", mode, flags, nodes ? nodes_addr(*nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) { if (nodes && !nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return NULL; } VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); /* * MPOL_PREFERRED cannot be used with MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES or * MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES if the nodemask is empty (local allocation). * All other modes require a valid pointer to a non-empty nodemask. */ if (mode == MPOL_PREFERRED) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) { if (((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES))) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } } else if (mode == MPOL_LOCAL) { if (!nodes_empty(*nodes) || (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; } else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); policy = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!policy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); atomic_set(&policy->refcnt, 1); policy->mode = mode; policy->flags = flags; return policy; } /* Slow path of a mpol destructor. */ void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) return; kmem_cache_free(policy_cache, p); } static void mpol_rebind_default(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { } static void mpol_rebind_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) nodes_and(tmp, pol->w.user_nodemask, *nodes); else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); else { nodes_remap(tmp, pol->v.nodes,pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } if (nodes_empty(tmp)) tmp = *nodes; pol->v.nodes = tmp; } static void mpol_rebind_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) { int node = first_node(pol->w.user_nodemask); if (node_isset(node, *nodes)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node; pol->flags &= ~MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) { mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(tmp); } else if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node_remap(pol->v.preferred_node, pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } } /* * mpol_rebind_policy - Migrate a policy to a different set of nodes * * Per-vma policies are protected by mmap_lock. Allocations using per-task * policies are protected by task->mems_allowed_seq to prevent a premature * OOM/allocation failure due to parallel nodemask modification. */ static void mpol_rebind_policy(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *newmask) { if (!pol) return; if (!mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol) && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) && nodes_equal(pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *newmask)) return; mpol_ops[pol->mode].rebind(pol, newmask); } /* * Wrapper for mpol_rebind_policy() that just requires task * pointer, and updates task mempolicy. * * Called with task's alloc_lock held. */ void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { mpol_rebind_policy(tsk->mempolicy, new); } /* * Rebind each vma in mm to new nodemask. * * Call holding a reference to mm. Takes mm->mmap_lock during call. */ void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; mmap_write_lock(mm); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) mpol_rebind_policy(vma->vm_policy, new); mmap_write_unlock(mm); } static const struct mempolicy_operations mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = { .rebind = mpol_rebind_default, }, [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = { .create = mpol_new_interleave, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, [MPOL_PREFERRED] = { .create = mpol_new_preferred, .rebind = mpol_rebind_preferred, }, [MPOL_BIND] = { .create = mpol_new_bind, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, }; static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags); struct queue_pages { struct list_head *pagelist; unsigned long flags; nodemask_t *nmask; unsigned long start; unsigned long end; struct vm_area_struct *first; }; /* * Check if the page's nid is in qp->nmask. * * If MPOL_MF_INVERT is set in qp->flags, check if the nid is * in the invert of qp->nmask. */ static inline bool queue_pages_required(struct page *page, struct queue_pages *qp) { int nid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long flags = qp->flags; return node_isset(nid, *qp->nmask) == !(flags & MPOL_MF_INVERT); } /* * queue_pages_pmd() has four possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 2 - THP was split. * -EIO - is migration entry or only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an * existing page was already on a node that does not follow the * policy. */ static int queue_pages_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, spinlock_t *ptl, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) __releases(ptl) { int ret = 0; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags; if (unlikely(is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))) { ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } page = pmd_page(*pmd); if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) { spin_unlock(ptl); __split_huge_pmd(walk->vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); ret = 2; goto out; } if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; flags = qp->flags; /* go to thp migration */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma) || migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) { ret = 1; goto unlock; } } else ret = -EIO; unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); out: return ret; } /* * Scan through pages checking if pages follow certain conditions, * and move them to the pagelist if they do. * * queue_pages_pte_range() has three possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * -EIO - only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an existing page was already * on a node that does not follow the policy. */ static int queue_pages_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; int ret; bool has_unmovable = false; pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); if (ptl) { ret = queue_pages_pmd(pmd, ptl, addr, end, walk); if (ret != 2) return ret; } /* THP was split, fall through to pte walk */ if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd)) return 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(walk->mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); for (; addr != end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) { if (!pte_present(*pte)) continue; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, *pte); if (!page) continue; /* * vm_normal_page() filters out zero pages, but there might * still be PageReserved pages to skip, perhaps in a VDSO. */ if (PageReserved(page)) continue; if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) continue; if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { /* MPOL_MF_STRICT must be specified if we get here */ if (!vma_migratable(vma)) { has_unmovable = true; break; } /* * Do not abort immediately since there may be * temporary off LRU pages in the range. Still * need migrate other LRU pages. */ if (migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) has_unmovable = true; } else break; } pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); cond_resched(); if (has_unmovable) return 1; return addr != end ? -EIO : 0; } static int queue_pages_hugetlb(pte_t *pte, unsigned long hmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { int ret = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = (qp->flags & MPOL_MF_VALID); struct page *page; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t entry; ptl = huge_pte_lock(hstate_vma(walk->vma), walk->mm, pte); entry = huge_ptep_get(pte); if (!pte_present(entry)) goto unlock; page = pte_page(entry); if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; if (flags == MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * STRICT alone means only detecting misplaced page and no * need to further check other vma. */ ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma)) { /* * Must be STRICT with MOVE*, otherwise .test_walk() have * stopped walking current vma. * Detecting misplaced page but allow migrating pages which * have been queued. */ ret = 1; goto unlock; } /* With MPOL_MF_MOVE, we migrate only unshared hugepage. */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || (flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE && page_mapcount(page) == 1)) { if (!isolate_huge_page(page, qp->pagelist) && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) /* * Failed to isolate page but allow migrating pages * which have been queued. */ ret = 1; } unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); #else BUG(); #endif return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * This is used to mark a range of virtual addresses to be inaccessible. * These are later cleared by a NUMA hinting fault. Depending on these * faults, pages may be migrated for better NUMA placement. * * This is assuming that NUMA faults are handled using PROT_NONE. If * an architecture makes a different choice, it will need further * changes to the core. */ unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { int nr_updated; nr_updated = change_protection(vma, addr, end, PAGE_NONE, MM_CP_PROT_NUMA); if (nr_updated) count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_PTE_UPDATES, nr_updated); return nr_updated; } #else static unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static int queue_pages_test_walk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long endvma = vma->vm_end; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; /* range check first */ VM_BUG_ON_VMA((vma->vm_start > start) || (vma->vm_end < end), vma); if (!qp->first) { qp->first = vma; if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && (qp->start < vma->vm_start)) /* hole at head side of range */ return -EFAULT; } if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && ((vma->vm_end < qp->end) && (!vma->vm_next || vma->vm_end < vma->vm_next->vm_start))) /* hole at middle or tail of range */ return -EFAULT; /* * Need check MPOL_MF_STRICT to return -EIO if possible * regardless of vma_migratable */ if (!vma_migratable(vma) && !(flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) return 1; if (endvma > end) endvma = end; if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) { /* Similar to task_numa_work, skip inaccessible VMAs */ if (!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && vma_is_accessible(vma) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) change_prot_numa(vma, start, endvma); return 1; } /* queue pages from current vma */ if (flags & MPOL_MF_VALID) return 0; return 1; } static const struct mm_walk_ops queue_pages_walk_ops = { .hugetlb_entry = queue_pages_hugetlb, .pmd_entry = queue_pages_pte_range, .test_walk = queue_pages_test_walk, }; /* * Walk through page tables and collect pages to be migrated. * * If pages found in a given range are on a set of nodes (determined by * @nodes and @flags,) it's isolated and queued to the pagelist which is * passed via @private. * * queue_pages_range() has three possible return values: * 1 - there is unmovable page, but MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 0 - queue pages successfully or no misplaced page. * errno - i.e. misplaced pages with MPOL_MF_STRICT specified (-EIO) or * memory range specified by nodemask and maxnode points outside * your accessible address space (-EFAULT) */ static int queue_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, nodemask_t *nodes, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *pagelist) { int err; struct queue_pages qp = { .pagelist = pagelist, .flags = flags, .nmask = nodes, .start = start, .end = end, .first = NULL, }; err = walk_page_range(mm, start, end, &queue_pages_walk_ops, &qp); if (!qp.first) /* whole range in hole */ err = -EFAULT; return err; } /* * Apply policy to a single VMA * This must be called with the mmap_lock held for writing. */ static int vma_replace_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *pol) { int err; struct mempolicy *old; struct mempolicy *new; pr_debug("vma %lx-%lx/%lx vm_ops %p vm_file %p set_policy %p\n", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_ops, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->set_policy : NULL); new = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->set_policy) { err = vma->vm_ops->set_policy(vma, new); if (err) goto err_out; } old = vma->vm_policy; vma->vm_policy = new; /* protected by mmap_lock */ mpol_put(old); return 0; err_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* Step 2: apply policy to a range and do splits. */ static int mbind_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *new_pol) { struct vm_area_struct *next; struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct vm_area_struct *vma; int err = 0; pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long vmstart; unsigned long vmend; vma = find_vma(mm, start); VM_BUG_ON(!vma); prev = vma->vm_prev; if (start > vma->vm_start) prev = vma; for (; vma && vma->vm_start < end; prev = vma, vma = next) { next = vma->vm_next; vmstart = max(start, vma->vm_start); vmend = min(end, vma->vm_end); if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff + ((vmstart - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); prev = vma_merge(mm, prev, vmstart, vmend, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, new_pol, vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (prev) { vma = prev; next = vma->vm_next; if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; /* vma_merge() joined vma && vma->next, case 8 */ goto replace; } if (vma->vm_start != vmstart) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmstart, 1); if (err) goto out; } if (vma->vm_end != vmend) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmend, 0); if (err) goto out; } replace: err = vma_replace_policy(vma, new_pol); if (err) goto out; } out: return err; } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long do_set_mempolicy(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *new, *old; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); int ret; if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; new = mpol_new(mode, flags, nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) { ret = PTR_ERR(new); goto out; } ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nodes, scratch); if (ret) { mpol_put(new); goto out; } task_lock(current); old = current->mempolicy; current->mempolicy = new; if (new && new->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) current->il_prev = MAX_NUMNODES-1; task_unlock(current); mpol_put(old); ret = 0; out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return ret; } /* * Return nodemask for policy for get_mempolicy() query * * Called with task's alloc_lock held */ static void get_policy_nodemask(struct mempolicy *p, nodemask_t *nodes) { nodes_clear(*nodes); if (p == &default_policy) return; switch (p->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *nodes = p->v.nodes; break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (!(p->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) node_set(p->v.preferred_node, *nodes); /* else return empty node mask for local allocation */ break; default: BUG(); } } static int lookup_node(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct page *p = NULL; int err; int locked = 1; err = get_user_pages_locked(addr & PAGE_MASK, 1, 0, &p, &locked); if (err > 0) { err = page_to_nid(p); put_page(p); } if (locked) mmap_read_unlock(mm); return err; } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static long do_get_mempolicy(int *policy, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; struct mempolicy *pol = current->mempolicy, *pol_refcount = NULL; if (flags & ~(unsigned long)(MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR|MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED) { if (flags & (MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR)) return -EINVAL; *policy = 0; /* just so it's initialized */ task_lock(current); *nmask = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; task_unlock(current); return 0; } if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Do NOT fall back to task policy if the * vma/shared policy at addr is NULL. We * want to return MPOL_DEFAULT in this case. */ mmap_read_lock(mm); vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, addr+1); if (!vma) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); return -EFAULT; } if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); else pol = vma->vm_policy; } else if (addr) return -EINVAL; if (!pol) pol = &default_policy; /* indicates default behavior */ if (flags & MPOL_F_NODE) { if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Take a refcount on the mpol, lookup_node() * wil drop the mmap_lock, so after calling * lookup_node() only "pol" remains valid, "vma" * is stale. */ pol_refcount = pol; vma = NULL; mpol_get(pol); err = lookup_node(mm, addr); if (err < 0) goto out; *policy = err; } else if (pol == current->mempolicy && pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { *policy = next_node_in(current->il_prev, pol->v.nodes); } else { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { *policy = pol == &default_policy ? MPOL_DEFAULT : pol->mode; /* * Internal mempolicy flags must be masked off before exposing * the policy to userspace. */ *policy |= (pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS); } err = 0; if (nmask) { if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) { *nmask = pol->w.user_nodemask; } else { task_lock(current); get_policy_nodemask(pol, nmask); task_unlock(current); } } out: mpol_cond_put(pol); if (vma) mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (pol_refcount) mpol_put(pol_refcount); return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION /* * page migration, thp tail pages can be passed. */ static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { struct page *head = compound_head(page); /* * Avoid migrating a page that is shared with others. */ if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || page_mapcount(head) == 1) { if (!isolate_lru_page(head)) { list_add_tail(&head->lru, pagelist); mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(head), NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_is_file_lru(head), thp_nr_pages(head)); } else if (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * Non-movable page may reach here. And, there may be * temporary off LRU pages or non-LRU movable pages. * Treat them as unmovable pages since they can't be * isolated, so they can't be moved at the moment. It * should return -EIO for this case too. */ return -EIO; } } return 0; } /* * Migrate pages from one node to a target node. * Returns error or the number of pages not migrated. */ static int migrate_to_node(struct mm_struct *mm, int source, int dest, int flags) { nodemask_t nmask; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); int err = 0; struct migration_target_control mtc = { .nid = dest, .gfp_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_THISNODE, }; nodes_clear(nmask); node_set(source, nmask); /* * This does not "check" the range but isolates all pages that * need migration. Between passing in the full user address * space range and MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, this call can not fail. */ VM_BUG_ON(!(flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL))); queue_pages_range(mm, mm->mmap->vm_start, mm->task_size, &nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, &pagelist); if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, alloc_migration_target, NULL, (unsigned long)&mtc, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_SYSCALL); if (err) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } return err; } /* * Move pages between the two nodesets so as to preserve the physical * layout as much as possible. * * Returns the number of page that could not be moved. */ int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { int busy = 0; int err; nodemask_t tmp; err = migrate_prep(); if (err) return err; mmap_read_lock(mm); /* * Find a 'source' bit set in 'tmp' whose corresponding 'dest' * bit in 'to' is not also set in 'tmp'. Clear the found 'source' * bit in 'tmp', and return that <source, dest> pair for migration. * The pair of nodemasks 'to' and 'from' define the map. * * If no pair of bits is found that way, fallback to picking some * pair of 'source' and 'dest' bits that are not the same. If the * 'source' and 'dest' bits are the same, this represents a node * that will be migrating to itself, so no pages need move. * * If no bits are left in 'tmp', or if all remaining bits left * in 'tmp' correspond to the same bit in 'to', return false * (nothing left to migrate). * * This lets us pick a pair of nodes to migrate between, such that * if possible the dest node is not already occupied by some other * source node, minimizing the risk of overloading the memory on a * node that would happen if we migrated incoming memory to a node * before migrating outgoing memory source that same node. * * A single scan of tmp is sufficient. As we go, we remember the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved (s != d). If we find a pair * that not only moved, but what's better, moved to an empty slot * (d is not set in tmp), then we break out then, with that pair. * Otherwise when we finish scanning from_tmp, we at least have the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved. If we get all the way through * the scan of tmp without finding any node that moved, much less * moved to an empty node, then there is nothing left worth migrating. */ tmp = *from; while (!nodes_empty(tmp)) { int s,d; int source = NUMA_NO_NODE; int dest = 0; for_each_node_mask(s, tmp) { /* * do_migrate_pages() tries to maintain the relative * node relationship of the pages established between * threads and memory areas. * * However if the number of source nodes is not equal to * the number of destination nodes we can not preserve * this node relative relationship. In that case, skip * copying memory from a node that is in the destination * mask. * * Example: [2,3,4] -> [3,4,5] moves everything. * [0-7] - > [3,4,5] moves only 0,1,2,6,7. */ if ((nodes_weight(*from) != nodes_weight(*to)) && (node_isset(s, *to))) continue; d = node_remap(s, *from, *to); if (s == d) continue; source = s; /* Node moved. Memorize */ dest = d; /* dest not in remaining from nodes? */ if (!node_isset(dest, tmp)) break; } if (source == NUMA_NO_NODE) break; node_clear(source, tmp); err = migrate_to_node(mm, source, dest, flags); if (err > 0) busy += err; if (err < 0) break; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (err < 0) return err; return busy; } /* * Allocate a new page for page migration based on vma policy. * Start by assuming the page is mapped by the same vma as contains @start. * Search forward from there, if not. N.B., this assumes that the * list of pages handed to migrate_pages()--which is how we get here-- * is in virtual address order. */ static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long address; vma = find_vma(current->mm, start); while (vma) { address = page_address_in_vma(page, vma); if (address != -EFAULT) break; vma = vma->vm_next; } if (PageHuge(page)) { return alloc_huge_page_vma(page_hstate(compound_head(page)), vma, address); } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { struct page *thp; thp = alloc_hugepage_vma(GFP_TRANSHUGE, vma, address, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER); if (!thp) return NULL; prep_transhuge_page(thp); return thp; } /* * if !vma, alloc_page_vma() will use task or system default policy */ return alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL, vma, address); } #else static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { return -EIO; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { return NULL; } #endif static long do_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned short mode, unsigned short mode_flags, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct mempolicy *new; unsigned long end; int err; int ret; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); if (flags & ~(unsigned long)MPOL_MF_VALID) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) return -EPERM; if (start & ~PAGE_MASK) return -EINVAL; if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) flags &= ~MPOL_MF_STRICT; len = (len + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; end = start + len; if (end < start) return -EINVAL; if (end == start) return 0; new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, nmask); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) new->flags |= MPOL_F_MOF; /* * If we are using the default policy then operation * on discontinuous address spaces is okay after all */ if (!new) flags |= MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK; pr_debug("mbind %lx-%lx mode:%d flags:%d nodes:%lx\n", start, start + len, mode, mode_flags, nmask ? nodes_addr(*nmask)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { err = migrate_prep(); if (err) goto mpol_out; } { NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (scratch) { mmap_write_lock(mm); err = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nmask, scratch); if (err) mmap_write_unlock(mm); } else err = -ENOMEM; NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); } if (err) goto mpol_out; ret = queue_pages_range(mm, start, end, nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_INVERT, &pagelist); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto up_out; } err = mbind_range(mm, start, end, new); if (!err) { int nr_failed = 0; if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY); nr_failed = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, NULL, start, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND); if (nr_failed) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } if ((ret > 0) || (nr_failed && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT))) err = -EIO; } else { up_out: if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } mmap_write_unlock(mm); mpol_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* * User space interface with variable sized bitmaps for nodelists. */ /* Copy a node mask from user space. */ static int get_nodes(nodemask_t *nodes, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { unsigned long k; unsigned long t; unsigned long nlongs; unsigned long endmask; --maxnode; nodes_clear(*nodes); if (maxnode == 0 || !nmask) return 0; if (maxnode > PAGE_SIZE*BITS_PER_BYTE) return -EINVAL; nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(maxnode); if ((maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG) == 0) endmask = ~0UL; else endmask = (1UL << (maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1; /* * When the user specified more nodes than supported just check * if the non supported part is all zero. * * If maxnode have more longs than MAX_NUMNODES, check * the bits in that area first. And then go through to * check the rest bits which equal or bigger than MAX_NUMNODES. * Otherwise, just check bits [MAX_NUMNODES, maxnode). */ if (nlongs > BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)) { for (k = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); k < nlongs; k++) { if (get_user(t, nmask + k)) return -EFAULT; if (k == nlongs - 1) { if (t & endmask) return -EINVAL; } else if (t) return -EINVAL; } nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); endmask = ~0UL; } if (maxnode > MAX_NUMNODES && MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG != 0) { unsigned long valid_mask = endmask; valid_mask &= ~((1UL << (MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1); if (get_user(t, nmask + nlongs - 1)) return -EFAULT; if (t & valid_mask) return -EINVAL; } if (copy_from_user(nodes_addr(*nodes), nmask, nlongs*sizeof(unsigned long))) return -EFAULT; nodes_addr(*nodes)[nlongs-1] &= endmask; return 0; } /* Copy a kernel node mask to user space */ static int copy_nodes_to_user(unsigned long __user *mask, unsigned long maxnode, nodemask_t *nodes) { unsigned long copy = ALIGN(maxnode-1, 64) / 8; unsigned int nbytes = BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_node_ids) * sizeof(long); if (copy > nbytes) { if (copy > PAGE_SIZE) return -EINVAL; if (clear_user((char __user *)mask + nbytes, copy - nbytes)) return -EFAULT; copy = nbytes; } return copy_to_user(mask, nodes_addr(*nodes), copy) ? -EFAULT : 0; } static long kernel_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned long mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned int flags) { nodemask_t nodes; int err; unsigned short mode_flags; start = untagged_addr(start); mode_flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if (mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((mode_flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (mode_flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_mbind(start, len, mode, mode_flags, &nodes, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, len, unsigned long, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned int, flags) { return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nmask, maxnode, flags); } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long kernel_set_mempolicy(int mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { int err; nodemask_t nodes; unsigned short flags; flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if ((unsigned int)mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_set_mempolicy(mode, flags, &nodes); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode) { return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nmask, maxnode); } static int kernel_migrate_pages(pid_t pid, unsigned long maxnode, const unsigned long __user *old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *new_nodes) { struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; struct task_struct *task; nodemask_t task_nodes; int err; nodemask_t *old; nodemask_t *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; old = &scratch->mask1; new = &scratch->mask2; err = get_nodes(old, old_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; err = get_nodes(new, new_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; /* Find the mm_struct */ rcu_read_lock(); task = pid ? find_task_by_vpid(pid) : current; if (!task) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -ESRCH; goto out; } get_task_struct(task); err = -EINVAL; /* * Check if this process has the right to modify the specified process. * Use the regular "ptrace_may_access()" checks. */ if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS)) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } rcu_read_unlock(); task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(task); /* Is the user allowed to access the target nodes? */ if (!nodes_subset(*new, task_nodes) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) { err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); nodes_and(*new, *new, task_nodes); if (nodes_empty(*new)) goto out_put; err = security_task_movememory(task); if (err) goto out_put; mm = get_task_mm(task); put_task_struct(task); if (!mm) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } err = do_migrate_pages(mm, old, new, capable(CAP_SYS_NICE) ? MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL : MPOL_MF_MOVE); mmput(mm); out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return err; out_put: put_task_struct(task); goto out; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, pid_t, pid, unsigned long, maxnode, const unsigned long __user *, old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *, new_nodes) { return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, maxnode, old_nodes, new_nodes); } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static int kernel_get_mempolicy(int __user *policy, unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; int pval; nodemask_t nodes; if (nmask != NULL && maxnode < nr_node_ids) return -EINVAL; addr = untagged_addr(addr); err = do_get_mempolicy(&pval, &nodes, addr, flags); if (err) return err; if (policy && put_user(pval, policy)) return -EFAULT; if (nmask) err = copy_nodes_to_user(nmask, maxnode, &nodes); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, flags) { return kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nmask, maxnode, addr, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, addr, compat_ulong_t, flags) { long err; unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, nr_node_ids); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); err = kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nm, nr_bits+1, addr, flags); if (!err && nmask) { unsigned long copy_size; copy_size = min_t(unsigned long, sizeof(bm), alloc_size); err = copy_from_user(bm, nm, copy_size); /* ensure entire bitmap is zeroed */ err |= clear_user(nmask, ALIGN(maxnode-1, 8) / 8); err |= compat_put_bitmap(nmask, bm, nr_bits); } return err; } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(bm, nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, bm, alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nm, nr_bits+1); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, compat_ulong_t, start, compat_ulong_t, len, compat_ulong_t, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, flags) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; nodemask_t bm; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(bm), nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, nodes_addr(bm), alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nm, nr_bits+1, flags); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, compat_pid_t, pid, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, const compat_ulong_t __user *, old_nodes, const compat_ulong_t __user *, new_nodes) { unsigned long __user *old = NULL; unsigned long __user *new = NULL; nodemask_t tmp_mask; unsigned long nr_bits; unsigned long size; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode - 1, MAX_NUMNODES); size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (old_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), old_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; old = compat_alloc_user_space(new_nodes ? size * 2 : size); if (new_nodes) new = old + size / sizeof(unsigned long); if (copy_to_user(old, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } if (new_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), new_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; if (new == NULL) new = compat_alloc_user_space(size); if (copy_to_user(new, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, nr_bits + 1, old, new); } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP)) return false; /* * DAX device mappings require predictable access latency, so avoid * incurring periodic faults. */ if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && !hugepage_migration_supported(hstate_vma(vma))) return false; /* * Migration allocates pages in the highest zone. If we cannot * do so then migration (at least from node to node) is not * possible. */ if (vma->vm_file && gfp_zone(mapping_gfp_mask(vma->vm_file->f_mapping)) < policy_zone) return false; return true; } struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; if (vma) { if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); } else if (vma->vm_policy) { pol = vma->vm_policy; /* * shmem_alloc_page() passes MPOL_F_SHARED policy with * a pseudo vma whose vma->vm_ops=NULL. Take a reference * count on these policies which will be dropped by * mpol_cond_put() later */ if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) mpol_get(pol); } } return pol; } /* * get_vma_policy(@vma, @addr) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup * * Returns effective policy for a VMA at specified address. * Falls back to current->mempolicy or system default policy, as necessary. * Shared policies [those marked as MPOL_F_SHARED] require an extra reference * count--added by the get_policy() vm_op, as appropriate--to protect against * freeing by another task. It is the caller's responsibility to free the * extra reference for shared policies. */ static struct mempolicy *get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = __get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol; } bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct mempolicy *pol; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { bool ret = false; pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, vma->vm_start); if (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) ret = true; mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } pol = vma->vm_policy; if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF; } static int apply_policy_zone(struct mempolicy *policy, enum zone_type zone) { enum zone_type dynamic_policy_zone = policy_zone; BUG_ON(dynamic_policy_zone == ZONE_MOVABLE); /* * if policy->v.nodes has movable memory only, * we apply policy when gfp_zone(gfp) = ZONE_MOVABLE only. * * policy->v.nodes is intersect with node_states[N_MEMORY]. * so if the following test faile, it implies * policy->v.nodes has movable memory only. */ if (!nodes_intersects(policy->v.nodes, node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY])) dynamic_policy_zone = ZONE_MOVABLE; return zone >= dynamic_policy_zone; } /* * Return a nodemask representing a mempolicy for filtering nodes for * page allocation */ nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy) { /* Lower zones don't get a nodemask applied for MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND) && apply_policy_zone(policy, gfp_zone(gfp)) && cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(&policy->v.nodes)) return &policy->v.nodes; return NULL; } /* Return the node id preferred by the given mempolicy, or the given id */ static int policy_node(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy, int nd) { if (policy->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) nd = policy->v.preferred_node; else { /* * __GFP_THISNODE shouldn't even be used with the bind policy * because we might easily break the expectation to stay on the * requested node and not break the policy. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND && (gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)); } return nd; } /* Do dynamic interleaving for a process */ static unsigned interleave_nodes(struct mempolicy *policy) { unsigned next; struct task_struct *me = current; next = next_node_in(me->il_prev, policy->v.nodes); if (next < MAX_NUMNODES) me->il_prev = next; return next; } /* * Depending on the memory policy provide a node from which to allocate the * next slab entry. */ unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void) { struct mempolicy *policy; int node = numa_mem_id(); if (in_interrupt()) return node; policy = current->mempolicy; if (!policy || policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return node; switch (policy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * handled MPOL_F_LOCAL above */ return policy->v.preferred_node; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return interleave_nodes(policy); case MPOL_BIND: { struct zoneref *z; /* * Follow bind policy behavior and start allocation at the * first node. */ struct zonelist *zonelist; enum zone_type highest_zoneidx = gfp_zone(GFP_KERNEL); zonelist = &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zonelists[ZONELIST_FALLBACK]; z = first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, highest_zoneidx, &policy->v.nodes); return z->zone ? zone_to_nid(z->zone) : node; } default: BUG(); } } /* * Do static interleaving for a VMA with known offset @n. Returns the n'th * node in pol->v.nodes (starting from n=0), wrapping around if n exceeds the * number of present nodes. */ static unsigned offset_il_node(struct mempolicy *pol, unsigned long n) { unsigned nnodes = nodes_weight(pol->v.nodes); unsigned target; int i; int nid; if (!nnodes) return numa_node_id(); target = (unsigned int)n % nnodes; nid = first_node(pol->v.nodes); for (i = 0; i < target; i++) nid = next_node(nid, pol->v.nodes); return nid; } /* Determine a node number for interleave */ static inline unsigned interleave_nid(struct mempolicy *pol, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int shift) { if (vma) { unsigned long off; /* * for small pages, there is no difference between * shift and PAGE_SHIFT, so the bit-shift is safe. * for huge pages, since vm_pgoff is in units of small * pages, we need to shift off the always 0 bits to get * a useful offset. */ BUG_ON(shift < PAGE_SHIFT); off = vma->vm_pgoff >> (shift - PAGE_SHIFT); off += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> shift; return offset_il_node(pol, off); } else return interleave_nodes(pol); } #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS /* * huge_node(@vma, @addr, @gfp_flags, @mpol) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup and interleave policy * @gfp_flags: for requested zone * @mpol: pointer to mempolicy pointer for reference counted mempolicy * @nodemask: pointer to nodemask pointer for MPOL_BIND nodemask * * Returns a nid suitable for a huge page allocation and a pointer * to the struct mempolicy for conditional unref after allocation. * If the effective policy is 'BIND, returns a pointer to the mempolicy's * @nodemask for filtering the zonelist. * * Must be protected by read_mems_allowed_begin() */ int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { int nid; *mpol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); *nodemask = NULL; /* assume !MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE)) { nid = interleave_nid(*mpol, vma, addr, huge_page_shift(hstate_vma(vma))); } else { nid = policy_node(gfp_flags, *mpol, numa_node_id()); if ((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_BIND) *nodemask = &(*mpol)->v.nodes; } return nid; } /* * init_nodemask_of_mempolicy * * If the current task's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'false' * to indicate default policy. Otherwise, extract the policy nodemask * for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy into the argument nodemask, or * initialize the argument nodemask to contain the single node for * 'preferred' or 'local' policy and return 'true' to indicate presence * of non-default mempolicy. * * We don't bother with reference counting the mempolicy [mpol_get/put] * because the current task is examining it's own mempolicy and a task's * mempolicy is only ever changed by the task itself. * * N.B., it is the caller's responsibility to free a returned nodemask. */ bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; int nid; if (!(mask && current->mempolicy)) return false; task_lock(current); mempolicy = current->mempolicy; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (mempolicy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) nid = numa_node_id(); else nid = mempolicy->v.preferred_node; init_nodemask_of_node(mask, nid); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *mask = mempolicy->v.nodes; break; default: BUG(); } task_unlock(current); return true; } #endif /* * mempolicy_nodemask_intersects * * If tsk's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'true' to indicate default * policy. Otherwise, check for intersection between mask and the policy * nodemask for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy. For 'perferred' or 'local' * policy, always return true since it may allocate elsewhere on fallback. * * Takes task_lock(tsk) to prevent freeing of its mempolicy. */ bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; bool ret = true; if (!mask) return ret; task_lock(tsk); mempolicy = tsk->mempolicy; if (!mempolicy) goto out; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * MPOL_PREFERRED and MPOL_F_LOCAL are only preferred nodes to * allocate from, they may fallback to other nodes when oom. * Thus, it's possible for tsk to have allocated memory from * nodes in mask. */ break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: ret = nodes_intersects(mempolicy->v.nodes, *mask); break; default: BUG(); } out: task_unlock(tsk); return ret; } /* Allocate a page in interleaved policy. Own path because it needs to do special accounting. */ static struct page *alloc_page_interleave(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order, unsigned nid) { struct page *page; page = __alloc_pages(gfp, order, nid); /* skip NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT counter update if numa stats is disabled */ if (!static_branch_likely(&vm_numa_stat_key)) return page; if (page && page_to_nid(page) == nid) { preempt_disable(); __inc_numa_state(page_zone(page), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT); preempt_enable(); } return page; } /** * alloc_pages_vma - Allocate a page for a VMA. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation. * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocations, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem/user allocations, * %GFP_FS allocation should not call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * * @order:Order of the GFP allocation. * @vma: Pointer to VMA or NULL if not available. * @addr: Virtual Address of the allocation. Must be inside the VMA. * @node: Which node to prefer for allocation (modulo policy). * @hugepage: for hugepages try only the preferred node if possible * * This function allocates a page from the kernel page pool and applies * a NUMA policy associated with the VMA or the current process. * When VMA is not NULL caller must read-lock the mmap_lock of the * mm_struct of the VMA to prevent it from going away. Should be used for * all allocations for pages that will be mapped into user space. Returns * NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page * alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct page *page; int preferred_nid; nodemask_t *nmask; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { unsigned nid; nid = interleave_nid(pol, vma, addr, PAGE_SHIFT + order); mpol_cond_put(pol); page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, nid); goto out; } if (unlikely(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && hugepage)) { int hpage_node = node; /* * For hugepage allocation and non-interleave policy which * allows the current node (or other explicitly preferred * node) we only try to allocate from the current/preferred * node and don't fall back to other nodes, as the cost of * remote accesses would likely offset THP benefits. * * If the policy is interleave, or does not allow the current * node in its nodemask, we allocate the standard way. */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) hpage_node = pol->v.preferred_node; nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); if (!nmask || node_isset(hpage_node, *nmask)) { mpol_cond_put(pol); /* * First, try to allocate THP only on local node, but * don't reclaim unnecessarily, just compact. */ page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp | __GFP_THISNODE | __GFP_NORETRY, order); /* * If hugepage allocations are configured to always * synchronous compact or the vma has been madvised * to prefer hugepage backing, retry allowing remote * memory with both reclaim and compact as well. */ if (!page && (gfp & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM)) page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp, order); goto out; } } nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); preferred_nid = policy_node(gfp, pol, node); page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, preferred_nid, nmask); mpol_cond_put(pol); out: return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_vma); /** * alloc_pages_current - Allocate pages. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation, * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocation, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem allocation, * %GFP_FS don't call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * @order: Power of two of allocation size in pages. 0 is a single page. * * Allocate a page from the kernel page pool. When not in * interrupt context and apply the current process NUMA policy. * Returns NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order) { struct mempolicy *pol = &default_policy; struct page *page; if (!in_interrupt() && !(gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)) pol = get_task_policy(current); /* * No reference counting needed for current->mempolicy * nor system default_policy */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, interleave_nodes(pol)); else page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, policy_node(gfp, pol, numa_node_id()), policy_nodemask(gfp, pol)); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_current); int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { struct mempolicy *pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(src)); if (IS_ERR(pol)) return PTR_ERR(pol); dst->vm_policy = pol; return 0; } /* * If mpol_dup() sees current->cpuset == cpuset_being_rebound, then it * rebinds the mempolicy its copying by calling mpol_rebind_policy() * with the mems_allowed returned by cpuset_mems_allowed(). This * keeps mempolicies cpuset relative after its cpuset moves. See * further kernel/cpuset.c update_nodemask(). * * current's mempolicy may be rebinded by the other task(the task that changes * cpuset's mems), so we needn't do rebind work for current task. */ /* Slow path of a mempolicy duplicate */ struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *old) { struct mempolicy *new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* task's mempolicy is protected by alloc_lock */ if (old == current->mempolicy) { task_lock(current); *new = *old; task_unlock(current); } else *new = *old; if (current_cpuset_is_being_rebound()) { nodemask_t mems = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); mpol_rebind_policy(new, &mems); } atomic_set(&new->refcnt, 1); return new; } /* Slow path of a mempolicy comparison */ bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (!a || !b) return false; if (a->mode != b->mode) return false; if (a->flags != b->flags) return false; if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(a)) if (!nodes_equal(a->w.user_nodemask, b->w.user_nodemask)) return false; switch (a->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return !!nodes_equal(a->v.nodes, b->v.nodes); case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* a's ->flags is the same as b's */ if (a->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return true; return a->v.preferred_node == b->v.preferred_node; default: BUG(); return false; } } /* * Shared memory backing store policy support. * * Remember policies even when nobody has shared memory mapped. * The policies are kept in Red-Black tree linked from the inode. * They are protected by the sp->lock rwlock, which should be held * for any accesses to the tree. */ /* * lookup first element intersecting start-end. Caller holds sp->lock for * reading or for writing */ static struct sp_node * sp_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct rb_node *n = sp->root.rb_node; while (n) { struct sp_node *p = rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); if (start >= p->end) n = n->rb_right; else if (end <= p->start) n = n->rb_left; else break; } if (!n) return NULL; for (;;) { struct sp_node *w = NULL; struct rb_node *prev = rb_prev(n); if (!prev) break; w = rb_entry(prev, struct sp_node, nd); if (w->end <= start) break; n = prev; } return rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); } /* * Insert a new shared policy into the list. Caller holds sp->lock for * writing. */ static void sp_insert(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *new) { struct rb_node **p = &sp->root.rb_node; struct rb_node *parent = NULL; struct sp_node *nd; while (*p) { parent = *p; nd = rb_entry(parent, struct sp_node, nd); if (new->start < nd->start) p = &(*p)->rb_left; else if (new->end > nd->end) p = &(*p)->rb_right; else BUG(); } rb_link_node(&new->nd, parent, p); rb_insert_color(&new->nd, &sp->root); pr_debug("inserting %lx-%lx: %d\n", new->start, new->end, new->policy ? new->policy->mode : 0); } /* Find shared policy intersecting idx */ struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; struct sp_node *sn; if (!sp->root.rb_node) return NULL; read_lock(&sp->lock); sn = sp_lookup(sp, idx, idx+1); if (sn) { mpol_get(sn->policy); pol = sn->policy; } read_unlock(&sp->lock); return pol; } static void sp_free(struct sp_node *n) { mpol_put(n->policy); kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); } /** * mpol_misplaced - check whether current page node is valid in policy * * @page: page to be checked * @vma: vm area where page mapped * @addr: virtual address where page mapped * * Lookup current policy node id for vma,addr and "compare to" page's * node id. * * Returns: * -1 - not misplaced, page is in the right node * node - node id where the page should be * * Policy determination "mimics" alloc_page_vma(). * Called from fault path where we know the vma and faulting address. */ int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct zoneref *z; int curnid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long pgoff; int thiscpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); int thisnid = cpu_to_node(thiscpu); int polnid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int ret = -1; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) goto out; switch (pol->mode) { case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff; pgoff += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; polnid = offset_il_node(pol, pgoff); break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) polnid = numa_node_id(); else polnid = pol->v.preferred_node; break; case MPOL_BIND: /* * allows binding to multiple nodes. * use current page if in policy nodemask, * else select nearest allowed node, if any. * If no allowed nodes, use current [!misplaced]. */ if (node_isset(curnid, pol->v.nodes)) goto out; z = first_zones_zonelist( node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), GFP_HIGHUSER), gfp_zone(GFP_HIGHUSER), &pol->v.nodes); polnid = zone_to_nid(z->zone); break; default: BUG(); } /* Migrate the page towards the node whose CPU is referencing it */ if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON) { polnid = thisnid; if (!should_numa_migrate_memory(current, page, curnid, thiscpu)) goto out; } if (curnid != polnid) ret = polnid; out: mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } /* * Drop the (possibly final) reference to task->mempolicy. It needs to be * dropped after task->mempolicy is set to NULL so that any allocation done as * part of its kmem_cache_free(), such as by KASAN, doesn't reference a freed * policy. */ void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { struct mempolicy *pol; task_lock(task); pol = task->mempolicy; task->mempolicy = NULL; task_unlock(task); mpol_put(pol); } static void sp_delete(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *n) { pr_debug("deleting %lx-l%lx\n", n->start, n->end); rb_erase(&n->nd, &sp->root); sp_free(n); } static void sp_node_init(struct sp_node *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { node->start = start; node->end = end; node->policy = pol; } static struct sp_node *sp_alloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { struct sp_node *n; struct mempolicy *newpol; n = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n) return NULL; newpol = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(newpol)) { kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); return NULL; } newpol->flags |= MPOL_F_SHARED; sp_node_init(n, start, end, newpol); return n; } /* Replace a policy range. */ static int shared_policy_replace(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct sp_node *new) { struct sp_node *n; struct sp_node *n_new = NULL; struct mempolicy *mpol_new = NULL; int ret = 0; restart: write_lock(&sp->lock); n = sp_lookup(sp, start, end); /* Take care of old policies in the same range. */ while (n && n->start < end) { struct rb_node *next = rb_next(&n->nd); if (n->start >= start) { if (n->end <= end) sp_delete(sp, n); else n->start = end; } else { /* Old policy spanning whole new range. */ if (n->end > end) { if (!n_new) goto alloc_new; *mpol_new = *n->policy; atomic_set(&mpol_new->refcnt, 1); sp_node_init(n_new, end, n->end, mpol_new); n->end = start; sp_insert(sp, n_new); n_new = NULL; mpol_new = NULL; break; } else n->end = start; } if (!next) break; n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); } if (new) sp_insert(sp, new); write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = 0; err_out: if (mpol_new) mpol_put(mpol_new); if (n_new) kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n_new); return ret; alloc_new: write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = -ENOMEM; n_new = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n_new) goto err_out; mpol_new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpol_new) goto err_out; goto restart; } /** * mpol_shared_policy_init - initialize shared policy for inode * @sp: pointer to inode shared policy * @mpol: struct mempolicy to install * * Install non-NULL @mpol in inode's shared policy rb-tree. * On entry, the current task has a reference on a non-NULL @mpol. * This must be released on exit. * This is called at get_inode() calls and we can use GFP_KERNEL. */ void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { int ret; sp->root = RB_ROOT; /* empty tree == default mempolicy */ rwlock_init(&sp->lock); if (mpol) { struct vm_area_struct pvma; struct mempolicy *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) goto put_mpol; /* contextualize the tmpfs mount point mempolicy */ new = mpol_new(mpol->mode, mpol->flags, &mpol->w.user_nodemask); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto free_scratch; /* no valid nodemask intersection */ task_lock(current); ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, &mpol->w.user_nodemask, scratch); task_unlock(current); if (ret) goto put_new; /* Create pseudo-vma that contains just the policy */ vma_init(&pvma, NULL); pvma.vm_end = TASK_SIZE; /* policy covers entire file */ mpol_set_shared_policy(sp, &pvma, new); /* adds ref */ put_new: mpol_put(new); /* drop initial ref */ free_scratch: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); put_mpol: mpol_put(mpol); /* drop our incoming ref on sb mpol */ } } int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *npol) { int err; struct sp_node *new = NULL; unsigned long sz = vma_pages(vma); pr_debug("set_shared_policy %lx sz %lu %d %d %lx\n", vma->vm_pgoff, sz, npol ? npol->mode : -1, npol ? npol->flags : -1, npol ? nodes_addr(npol->v.nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (npol) { new = sp_alloc(vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff + sz, npol); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; } err = shared_policy_replace(info, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff+sz, new); if (err && new) sp_free(new); return err; } /* Free a backing policy store on inode delete. */ void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { struct sp_node *n; struct rb_node *next; if (!p->root.rb_node) return; write_lock(&p->lock); next = rb_first(&p->root); while (next) { n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); next = rb_next(&n->nd); sp_delete(p, n); } write_unlock(&p->lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static int __initdata numabalancing_override; static void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { bool numabalancing_default = false; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING_DEFAULT_ENABLED)) numabalancing_default = true; /* Parsed by setup_numabalancing. override == 1 enables, -1 disables */ if (numabalancing_override) set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_override == 1); if (num_online_nodes() > 1 && !numabalancing_override) { pr_info("%s automatic NUMA balancing. Configure with numa_balancing= or the kernel.numa_balancing sysctl\n", numabalancing_default ? "Enabling" : "Disabling"); set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_default); } } static int __init setup_numabalancing(char *str) { int ret = 0; if (!str) goto out; if (!strcmp(str, "enable")) { numabalancing_override = 1; ret = 1; } else if (!strcmp(str, "disable")) { numabalancing_override = -1; ret = 1; } out: if (!ret) pr_warn("Unable to parse numa_balancing=\n"); return ret; } __setup("numa_balancing=", setup_numabalancing); #else static inline void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ /* assumes fs == KERNEL_DS */ void __init numa_policy_init(void) { nodemask_t interleave_nodes; unsigned long largest = 0; int nid, prefer = 0; policy_cache = kmem_cache_create("numa_policy", sizeof(struct mempolicy), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); sn_cache = kmem_cache_create("shared_policy_node", sizeof(struct sp_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); for_each_node(nid) { preferred_node_policy[nid] = (struct mempolicy) { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_MOF | MPOL_F_MORON, .v = { .preferred_node = nid, }, }; } /* * Set interleaving policy for system init. Interleaving is only * enabled across suitably sized nodes (default is >= 16MB), or * fall back to the largest node if they're all smaller. */ nodes_clear(interleave_nodes); for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) { unsigned long total_pages = node_present_pages(nid); /* Preserve the largest node */ if (largest < total_pages) { largest = total_pages; prefer = nid; } /* Interleave this node? */ if ((total_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) >= (16 << 20)) node_set(nid, interleave_nodes); } /* All too small, use the largest */ if (unlikely(nodes_empty(interleave_nodes))) node_set(prefer, interleave_nodes); if (do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_INTERLEAVE, 0, &interleave_nodes)) pr_err("%s: interleaving failed\n", __func__); check_numabalancing_enable(); } /* Reset policy of current process to default */ void numa_default_policy(void) { do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_DEFAULT, 0, NULL); } /* * Parse and format mempolicy from/to strings */ /* * "local" is implemented internally by MPOL_PREFERRED with MPOL_F_LOCAL flag. */ static const char * const policy_modes[] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = "default", [MPOL_PREFERRED] = "prefer", [MPOL_BIND] = "bind", [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = "interleave", [MPOL_LOCAL] = "local", }; #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS /** * mpol_parse_str - parse string to mempolicy, for tmpfs mpol mount option. * @str: string containing mempolicy to parse * @mpol: pointer to struct mempolicy pointer, returned on success. * * Format of input: * <mode>[=<flags>][:<nodelist>] * * On success, returns 0, else 1 */ int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { struct mempolicy *new = NULL; unsigned short mode_flags; nodemask_t nodes; char *nodelist = strchr(str, ':'); char *flags = strchr(str, '='); int err = 1, mode; if (flags) *flags++ = '\0'; /* terminate mode string */ if (nodelist) { /* NUL-terminate mode or flags string */ *nodelist++ = '\0'; if (nodelist_parse(nodelist, nodes)) goto out; if (!nodes_subset(nodes, node_states[N_MEMORY])) goto out; } else nodes_clear(nodes); mode = match_string(policy_modes, MPOL_MAX, str); if (mode < 0) goto out; switch (mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * Insist on a nodelist of one node only, although later * we use first_node(nodes) to grab a single node, so here * nodelist (or nodes) cannot be empty. */ if (nodelist) { char *rest = nodelist; while (isdigit(*rest)) rest++; if (*rest) goto out; if (nodes_empty(nodes)) goto out; } break; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: /* * Default to online nodes with memory if no nodelist */ if (!nodelist) nodes = node_states[N_MEMORY]; break; case MPOL_LOCAL: /* * Don't allow a nodelist; mpol_new() checks flags */ if (nodelist) goto out; mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; break; case MPOL_DEFAULT: /* * Insist on a empty nodelist */ if (!nodelist) err = 0; goto out; case MPOL_BIND: /* * Insist on a nodelist */ if (!nodelist) goto out; } mode_flags = 0; if (flags) { /* * Currently, we only support two mutually exclusive * mode flags. */ if (!strcmp(flags, "static")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES; else if (!strcmp(flags, "relative")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES; else goto out; } new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, &nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto out; /* * Save nodes for mpol_to_str() to show the tmpfs mount options * for /proc/mounts, /proc/pid/mounts and /proc/pid/mountinfo. */ if (mode != MPOL_PREFERRED) new->v.nodes = nodes; else if (nodelist) new->v.preferred_node = first_node(nodes); else new->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* * Save nodes for contextualization: this will be used to "clone" * the mempolicy in a specific context [cpuset] at a later time. */ new->w.user_nodemask = nodes; err = 0; out: /* Restore string for error message */ if (nodelist) *--nodelist = ':'; if (flags) *--flags = '='; if (!err) *mpol = new; return err; } #endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */ /** * mpol_to_str - format a mempolicy structure for printing * @buffer: to contain formatted mempolicy string * @maxlen: length of @buffer * @pol: pointer to mempolicy to be formatted * * Convert @pol into a string. If @buffer is too short, truncate the string. * Recommend a @maxlen of at least 32 for the longest mode, "interleave", the * longest flag, "relative", and to display at least a few node ids. */ void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol) { char *p = buffer; nodemask_t nodes = NODE_MASK_NONE; unsigned short mode = MPOL_DEFAULT; unsigned short flags = 0; if (pol && pol != &default_policy && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON)) { mode = pol->mode; flags = pol->flags; } switch (mode) { case MPOL_DEFAULT: break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) mode = MPOL_LOCAL; else node_set(pol->v.preferred_node, nodes); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: nodes = pol->v.nodes; break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); snprintf(p, maxlen, "unknown"); return; } p += snprintf(p, maxlen, "%s", policy_modes[mode]); if (flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS) { p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "="); /* * Currently, the only defined flags are mutually exclusive */ if (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "static"); else if (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "relative"); } if (!nodes_empty(nodes)) p += scnprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, ":%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&nodes)); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * net/dst.h Protocol independent destination cache definitions. * * Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> * */ #ifndef _NET_DST_H #define _NET_DST_H #include <net/dst_ops.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> #include <asm/processor.h> struct sk_buff; struct dst_entry { struct net_device *dev; struct dst_ops *ops; unsigned long _metrics; unsigned long expires; #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct xfrm_state *xfrm; #else void *__pad1; #endif int (*input)(struct sk_buff *); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); unsigned short flags; #define DST_NOXFRM 0x0002 #define DST_NOPOLICY 0x0004 #define DST_NOCOUNT 0x0008 #define DST_FAKE_RTABLE 0x0010 #define DST_XFRM_TUNNEL 0x0020 #define DST_XFRM_QUEUE 0x0040 #define DST_METADATA 0x0080 /* A non-zero value of dst->obsolete forces by-hand validation * of the route entry. Positive values are set by the generic * dst layer to indicate that the entry has been forcefully * destroyed. * * Negative values are used by the implementation layer code to * force invocation of the dst_ops->check() method. */ short obsolete; #define DST_OBSOLETE_NONE 0 #define DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD 2 #define DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK -1 #define DST_OBSOLETE_KILL -2 unsigned short header_len; /* more space at head required */ unsigned short trailer_len; /* space to reserve at tail */ /* * __refcnt wants to be on a different cache line from * input/output/ops or performance tanks badly */ #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 64-bit offset 64 */ #endif int __use; unsigned long lastuse; struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate; struct rcu_head rcu_head; short error; short __pad; __u32 tclassid; #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 32-bit offset 64 */ #endif }; struct dst_metrics { u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; refcount_t refcnt; } __aligned(4); /* Low pointer bits contain DST_METRICS_FLAGS */ extern const struct dst_metrics dst_default_metrics; u32 *dst_cow_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); #define DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY 0x1UL #define DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED 0x2UL #define DST_METRICS_FLAGS 0x3UL #define __DST_METRICS_PTR(Y) \ ((u32 *)((Y) & ~DST_METRICS_FLAGS)) #define DST_METRICS_PTR(X) __DST_METRICS_PTR((X)->_metrics) static inline bool dst_metrics_read_only(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->_metrics & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY; } void __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); static inline void dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long val = dst->_metrics; if (!(val & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY)) __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(dst, val); } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_write_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long p = dst->_metrics; BUG_ON(!p); if (p & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY) return dst->ops->cow_metrics(dst, p); return __DST_METRICS_PTR(p); } /* This may only be invoked before the entry has reached global * visibility. */ static inline void dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, const u32 *src_metrics, bool read_only) { dst->_metrics = ((unsigned long) src_metrics) | (read_only ? DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY : 0); } static inline void dst_copy_metrics(struct dst_entry *dest, const struct dst_entry *src) { u32 *dst_metrics = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dest); if (dst_metrics) { u32 *src_metrics = DST_METRICS_PTR(src); memcpy(dst_metrics, src_metrics, RTAX_MAX * sizeof(u32)); } } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { return DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); } static inline u32 dst_metric_raw(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { u32 *p = DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); return p[metric-1]; } static inline u32 dst_metric(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { WARN_ON_ONCE(metric == RTAX_HOPLIMIT || metric == RTAX_ADVMSS || metric == RTAX_MTU); return dst_metric_raw(dst, metric); } static inline u32 dst_metric_advmss(const struct dst_entry *dst) { u32 advmss = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_ADVMSS); if (!advmss) advmss = dst->ops->default_advmss(dst); return advmss; } static inline void dst_metric_set(struct dst_entry *dst, int metric, u32 val) { u32 *p = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dst); if (p) p[metric-1] = val; } /* Kernel-internal feature bits that are unallocated in user space. */ #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA (1U << 31) #define DST_FEATURE_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA) #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA | RTAX_FEATURE_ECN) static inline u32 dst_feature(const struct dst_entry *dst, u32 feature) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_FEATURES) & feature; } static inline u32 dst_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->ops->mtu(dst); } /* RTT metrics are stored in milliseconds for user ABI, but used as jiffies */ static inline unsigned long dst_metric_rtt(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return msecs_to_jiffies(dst_metric(dst, metric)); } static inline u32 dst_allfrag(const struct dst_entry *dst) { int ret = dst_feature(dst, RTAX_FEATURE_ALLFRAG); return ret; } static inline int dst_metric_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_LOCK) & (1 << metric); } static inline void dst_hold(struct dst_entry *dst) { /* * If your kernel compilation stops here, please check * the placement of __refcnt in struct dst_entry */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct dst_entry, __refcnt) & 63); WARN_ON(atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt) == 0); } static inline void dst_use_noref(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { if (unlikely(time != dst->lastuse)) { dst->__use++; dst->lastuse = time; } } static inline void dst_hold_and_use(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { dst_hold(dst); dst_use_noref(dst, time); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_clone(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (dst) dst_hold(dst); return dst; } void dst_release(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_release_immediate(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void refdst_drop(unsigned long refdst) { if (!(refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_release((struct dst_entry *)(refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK)); } /** * skb_dst_drop - drops skb dst * @skb: buffer * * Drops dst reference count if a reference was taken. */ static inline void skb_dst_drop(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->_skb_refdst) { refdst_drop(skb->_skb_refdst); skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } } static inline void __skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, unsigned long refdst) { nskb->_skb_refdst = refdst; if (!(nskb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_clone(skb_dst(nskb)); } static inline void skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, const struct sk_buff *oskb) { __skb_dst_copy(nskb, oskb->_skb_refdst); } /** * dst_hold_safe - Take a reference on a dst if possible * @dst: pointer to dst entry * * This helper returns false if it could not safely * take a reference on a dst. */ static inline bool dst_hold_safe(struct dst_entry *dst) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt); } /** * skb_dst_force - makes sure skb dst is refcounted * @skb: buffer * * If dst is not yet refcounted and not destroyed, grab a ref on it. * Returns true if dst is refcounted. */ static inline bool skb_dst_force(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_dst_is_noref(skb)) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held()); if (!dst_hold_safe(dst)) dst = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } return skb->_skb_refdst != 0UL; } /** * __skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups. (no accounting done) */ static inline void __skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { skb->dev = dev; /* * Clear hash so that we can recalulate the hash for the * encapsulated packet, unless we have already determine the hash * over the L4 4-tuple. */ skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(skb); skb_set_queue_mapping(skb, 0); skb_scrub_packet(skb, !net_eq(net, dev_net(dev))); } /** * skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups, and perform accounting. * Note: this accounting is not SMP safe. */ static inline void skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { /* TODO : stats should be SMP safe */ dev->stats.rx_packets++; dev->stats.rx_bytes += skb->len; __skb_tunnel_rx(skb, dev, net); } static inline u32 dst_tclassid(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID const struct dst_entry *dst; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst) return dst->tclassid; #endif return 0; } int dst_discard_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int dst_discard(struct sk_buff *skb) { return dst_discard_out(&init_net, skb->sk, skb); } void *dst_alloc(struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); void dst_init(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); struct dst_entry *dst_destroy(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_dev_put(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void dst_confirm(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { struct neighbour *n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, NULL, daddr); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup_skb(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct neighbour *n = NULL; /* The packets from tunnel devices (eg bareudp) may have only * metadata in the dst pointer of skb. Hence a pointer check of * neigh_lookup is needed. */ if (dst->ops->neigh_lookup) n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, skb, NULL); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline void dst_confirm_neigh(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { if (dst->ops->confirm_neigh) dst->ops->confirm_neigh(dst, daddr); } static inline void dst_link_failure(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops && dst->ops->link_failure) dst->ops->link_failure(skb); } static inline void dst_set_expires(struct dst_entry *dst, int timeout) { unsigned long expires = jiffies + timeout; if (expires == 0) expires = 1; if (dst->expires == 0 || time_before(expires, dst->expires)) dst->expires = expires; } /* Output packet to network from transport. */ static inline int dst_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->output(net, sk, skb); } /* Input packet from network to transport. */ static inline int dst_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->input(skb); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie) { if (dst->obsolete) dst = dst->ops->check(dst, cookie); return dst; } /* Flags for xfrm_lookup flags argument. */ enum { XFRM_LOOKUP_ICMP = 1 << 0, XFRM_LOOKUP_QUEUE = 1 << 1, XFRM_LOOKUP_KEEP_DST_REF = 1 << 2, }; struct flowi; #ifndef CONFIG_XFRM static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry * xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return NULL; } #else struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); /* skb attached with this dst needs transformation if dst->xfrm is valid */ static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->xfrm; } #endif static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, true); } /* update dst pmtu but not do neighbor confirm */ static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu_no_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, false); } struct dst_entry *dst_blackhole_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie); void dst_blackhole_update_pmtu(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void dst_blackhole_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 *dst_blackhole_cow_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); struct neighbour *dst_blackhole_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); unsigned int dst_blackhole_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst); #endif /* _NET_DST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * * Generic internet FLOW. * */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_H #define _NET_FLOW_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* * ifindex generation is per-net namespace, and loopback is * always the 1st device in ns (see net_dev_init), thus any * loopback device should get ifindex 1 */ #define LOOPBACK_IFINDEX 1 struct flowi_tunnel { __be64 tun_id; }; struct flowi_common { int flowic_oif; int flowic_iif; __u32 flowic_mark; __u8 flowic_tos; __u8 flowic_scope; __u8 flowic_proto; __u8 flowic_flags; #define FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC 0x01 #define FLOWI_FLAG_KNOWN_NH 0x02 #define FLOWI_FLAG_SKIP_NH_OIF 0x04 __u32 flowic_secid; kuid_t flowic_uid; struct flowi_tunnel flowic_tun_key; __u32 flowic_multipath_hash; }; union flowi_uli { struct { __be16 dport; __be16 sport; } ports; struct { __u8 type; __u8 code; } icmpt; struct { __le16 dport; __le16 sport; } dnports; __be32 spi; __be32 gre_key; struct { __u8 type; } mht; }; struct flowi4 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi4_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi4_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi4_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi4_tos __fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi4_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi4_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi4_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi4_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi4_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi4_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid #define flowi4_multipath_hash __fl_common.flowic_multipath_hash /* (saddr,daddr) must be grouped, same order as in IP header */ __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl4_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl4_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl4_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl4_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl4_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl4_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl4_gre_key uli.gre_key } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline void flowi4_init_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u32 mark, __u8 tos, __u8 scope, __u8 proto, __u8 flags, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be16 dport, __be16 sport, kuid_t uid) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_iif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_scope = scope; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->flowi4_flags = flags; fl4->flowi4_secid = 0; fl4->flowi4_tun_key.tun_id = 0; fl4->flowi4_uid = uid; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->fl4_dport = dport; fl4->fl4_sport = sport; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = 0; } /* Reset some input parameters after previous lookup */ static inline void flowi4_update_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u8 tos, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; } struct flowi6 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi6_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi6_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi6_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi6_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi6_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi6_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi6_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi6_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi6_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid struct in6_addr daddr; struct in6_addr saddr; /* Note: flowi6_tos is encoded in flowlabel, too. */ __be32 flowlabel; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl6_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl6_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl6_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl6_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl6_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl6_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl6_gre_key uli.gre_key __u32 mp_hash; } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowidn { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowidn_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowidn_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowidn_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowidn_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowidn_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowidn_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags __le16 daddr; __le16 saddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fld_sport uli.ports.sport #define fld_dport uli.ports.dport } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowi { union { struct flowi_common __fl_common; struct flowi4 ip4; struct flowi6 ip6; struct flowidn dn; } u; #define flowi_oif u.__fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi_iif u.__fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi_mark u.__fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi_tos u.__fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi_scope u.__fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi_proto u.__fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi_flags u.__fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi_secid u.__fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi_tun_key u.__fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi_uid u.__fl_common.flowic_uid } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline struct flowi *flowi4_to_flowi(struct flowi4 *fl4) { return container_of(fl4, struct flowi, u.ip4); } static inline struct flowi *flowi6_to_flowi(struct flowi6 *fl6) { return container_of(fl6, struct flowi, u.ip6); } static inline struct flowi *flowidn_to_flowi(struct flowidn *fldn) { return container_of(fldn, struct flowi, u.dn); } __u32 __get_hash_from_flowi6(const struct flowi6 *fl6, struct flow_keys *keys); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __IEEE802154_CORE_H #define __IEEE802154_CORE_H #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct cfg802154_registered_device { const struct cfg802154_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* wpan_phy index, internal only */ int wpan_phy_idx; /* also protected by devlist_mtx */ int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; /* associated wpan interfaces, protected by rtnl or RCU */ struct list_head wpan_dev_list; int devlist_generation, wpan_dev_id; /* must be last because of the way we do wpan_phy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wpan_phy wpan_phy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg802154_registered_device * wpan_phy_to_rdev(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy) { BUG_ON(!wpan_phy); return container_of(wpan_phy, struct cfg802154_registered_device, wpan_phy); } extern struct list_head cfg802154_rdev_list; extern int cfg802154_rdev_list_generation; int cfg802154_switch_netns(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); /* free object */ void cfg802154_dev_free(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev); struct cfg802154_registered_device * cfg802154_rdev_by_wpan_phy_idx(int wpan_phy_idx); struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy_idx_to_wpan_phy(int wpan_phy_idx); #endif /* __IEEE802154_CORE_H */
8 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * SELinux NetLabel Support * * This file provides the necessary glue to tie NetLabel into the SELinux * subsystem. * * Author: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> */ /* * (c) Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P., 2007, 2008 */ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/netlabel.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "objsec.h" #include "security.h" #include "netlabel.h" /** * selinux_netlbl_sidlookup_cached - Cache a SID lookup * @skb: the packet * @secattr: the NetLabel security attributes * @sid: the SID * * Description: * Query the SELinux security server to lookup the correct SID for the given * security attributes. If the query is successful, cache the result to speed * up future lookups. Returns zero on success, negative values on failure. * */ static int selinux_netlbl_sidlookup_cached(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr, u32 *sid) { int rc; rc = security_netlbl_secattr_to_sid(&selinux_state, secattr, sid); if (rc == 0 && (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHEABLE) && (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHE)) netlbl_cache_add(skb, family, secattr); return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_sock_genattr - Generate the NetLabel socket secattr * @sk: the socket * * Description: * Generate the NetLabel security attributes for a socket, making full use of * the socket's attribute cache. Returns a pointer to the security attributes * on success, NULL on failure. * */ static struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *selinux_netlbl_sock_genattr(struct sock *sk) { int rc; struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr; if (sksec->nlbl_secattr != NULL) return sksec->nlbl_secattr; secattr = netlbl_secattr_alloc(GFP_ATOMIC); if (secattr == NULL) return NULL; rc = security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(&selinux_state, sksec->sid, secattr); if (rc != 0) { netlbl_secattr_free(secattr); return NULL; } sksec->nlbl_secattr = secattr; return secattr; } /** * selinux_netlbl_sock_getattr - Get the cached NetLabel secattr * @sk: the socket * @sid: the SID * * Query the socket's cached secattr and if the SID matches the cached value * return the cache, otherwise return NULL. * */ static struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *selinux_netlbl_sock_getattr( const struct sock *sk, u32 sid) { struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr = sksec->nlbl_secattr; if (secattr == NULL) return NULL; if ((secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_SECID) && (secattr->attr.secid == sid)) return secattr; return NULL; } /** * selinux_netlbl_cache_invalidate - Invalidate the NetLabel cache * * Description: * Invalidate the NetLabel security attribute mapping cache. * */ void selinux_netlbl_cache_invalidate(void) { netlbl_cache_invalidate(); } /** * selinux_netlbl_err - Handle a NetLabel packet error * @skb: the packet * @error: the error code * @gateway: true if host is acting as a gateway, false otherwise * * Description: * When a packet is dropped due to a call to avc_has_perm() pass the error * code to the NetLabel subsystem so any protocol specific processing can be * done. This is safe to call even if you are unsure if NetLabel labeling is * present on the packet, NetLabel is smart enough to only act when it should. * */ void selinux_netlbl_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, int error, int gateway) { netlbl_skbuff_err(skb, family, error, gateway); } /** * selinux_netlbl_sk_security_free - Free the NetLabel fields * @sksec: the sk_security_struct * * Description: * Free all of the memory in the NetLabel fields of a sk_security_struct. * */ void selinux_netlbl_sk_security_free(struct sk_security_struct *sksec) { if (sksec->nlbl_secattr != NULL) netlbl_secattr_free(sksec->nlbl_secattr); } /** * selinux_netlbl_sk_security_reset - Reset the NetLabel fields * @sksec: the sk_security_struct * @family: the socket family * * Description: * Called when the NetLabel state of a sk_security_struct needs to be reset. * The caller is responsible for all the NetLabel sk_security_struct locking. * */ void selinux_netlbl_sk_security_reset(struct sk_security_struct *sksec) { sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_UNSET; } /** * selinux_netlbl_skbuff_getsid - Get the sid of a packet using NetLabel * @skb: the packet * @family: protocol family * @type: NetLabel labeling protocol type * @sid: the SID * * Description: * Call the NetLabel mechanism to get the security attributes of the given * packet and use those attributes to determine the correct context/SID to * assign to the packet. Returns zero on success, negative values on failure. * */ int selinux_netlbl_skbuff_getsid(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, u32 *type, u32 *sid) { int rc; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr secattr; if (!netlbl_enabled()) { *sid = SECSID_NULL; return 0; } netlbl_secattr_init(&secattr); rc = netlbl_skbuff_getattr(skb, family, &secattr); if (rc == 0 && secattr.flags != NETLBL_SECATTR_NONE) rc = selinux_netlbl_sidlookup_cached(skb, family, &secattr, sid); else *sid = SECSID_NULL; *type = secattr.type; netlbl_secattr_destroy(&secattr); return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_skbuff_setsid - Set the NetLabel on a packet given a sid * @skb: the packet * @family: protocol family * @sid: the SID * * Description * Call the NetLabel mechanism to set the label of a packet using @sid. * Returns zero on success, negative values on failure. * */ int selinux_netlbl_skbuff_setsid(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, u32 sid) { int rc; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr secattr_storage; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr = NULL; struct sock *sk; /* if this is a locally generated packet check to see if it is already * being labeled by it's parent socket, if it is just exit */ sk = skb_to_full_sk(skb); if (sk != NULL) { struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; if (sksec->nlbl_state != NLBL_REQSKB) return 0; secattr = selinux_netlbl_sock_getattr(sk, sid); } if (secattr == NULL) { secattr = &secattr_storage; netlbl_secattr_init(secattr); rc = security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(&selinux_state, sid, secattr); if (rc != 0) goto skbuff_setsid_return; } rc = netlbl_skbuff_setattr(skb, family, secattr); skbuff_setsid_return: if (secattr == &secattr_storage) netlbl_secattr_destroy(secattr); return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_sctp_assoc_request - Label an incoming sctp association. * @ep: incoming association endpoint. * @skb: the packet. * * Description: * A new incoming connection is represented by @ep, ...... * Returns zero on success, negative values on failure. * */ int selinux_netlbl_sctp_assoc_request(struct sctp_endpoint *ep, struct sk_buff *skb) { int rc; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr secattr; struct sk_security_struct *sksec = ep->base.sk->sk_security; struct sockaddr_in addr4; struct sockaddr_in6 addr6; if (ep->base.sk->sk_family != PF_INET && ep->base.sk->sk_family != PF_INET6) return 0; netlbl_secattr_init(&secattr); rc = security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(&selinux_state, ep->secid, &secattr); if (rc != 0) goto assoc_request_return; /* Move skb hdr address info to a struct sockaddr and then call * netlbl_conn_setattr(). */ if (ip_hdr(skb)->version == 4) { addr4.sin_family = AF_INET; addr4.sin_addr.s_addr = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr; rc = netlbl_conn_setattr(ep->base.sk, (void *)&addr4, &secattr); } else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) && ip_hdr(skb)->version == 6) { addr6.sin6_family = AF_INET6; addr6.sin6_addr = ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr; rc = netlbl_conn_setattr(ep->base.sk, (void *)&addr6, &secattr); } else { rc = -EAFNOSUPPORT; } if (rc == 0) sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_LABELED; assoc_request_return: netlbl_secattr_destroy(&secattr); return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_inet_conn_request - Label an incoming stream connection * @req: incoming connection request socket * * Description: * A new incoming connection request is represented by @req, we need to label * the new request_sock here and the stack will ensure the on-the-wire label * will get preserved when a full sock is created once the connection handshake * is complete. Returns zero on success, negative values on failure. * */ int selinux_netlbl_inet_conn_request(struct request_sock *req, u16 family) { int rc; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr secattr; if (family != PF_INET && family != PF_INET6) return 0; netlbl_secattr_init(&secattr); rc = security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(&selinux_state, req->secid, &secattr); if (rc != 0) goto inet_conn_request_return; rc = netlbl_req_setattr(req, &secattr); inet_conn_request_return: netlbl_secattr_destroy(&secattr); return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_inet_csk_clone - Initialize the newly created sock * @sk: the new sock * * Description: * A new connection has been established using @sk, we've already labeled the * socket via the request_sock struct in selinux_netlbl_inet_conn_request() but * we need to set the NetLabel state here since we now have a sock structure. * */ void selinux_netlbl_inet_csk_clone(struct sock *sk, u16 family) { struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; if (family == PF_INET) sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_LABELED; else sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_UNSET; } /** * selinux_netlbl_sctp_sk_clone - Copy state to the newly created sock * @sk: current sock * @newsk: the new sock * * Description: * Called whenever a new socket is created by accept(2) or sctp_peeloff(3). */ void selinux_netlbl_sctp_sk_clone(struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk) { struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; struct sk_security_struct *newsksec = newsk->sk_security; newsksec->nlbl_state = sksec->nlbl_state; } /** * selinux_netlbl_socket_post_create - Label a socket using NetLabel * @sock: the socket to label * @family: protocol family * * Description: * Attempt to label a socket using the NetLabel mechanism using the given * SID. Returns zero values on success, negative values on failure. * */ int selinux_netlbl_socket_post_create(struct sock *sk, u16 family) { int rc; struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr; if (family != PF_INET && family != PF_INET6) return 0; secattr = selinux_netlbl_sock_genattr(sk); if (secattr == NULL) return -ENOMEM; rc = netlbl_sock_setattr(sk, family, secattr); switch (rc) { case 0: sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_LABELED; break; case -EDESTADDRREQ: sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_REQSKB; rc = 0; break; } return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_sock_rcv_skb - Do an inbound access check using NetLabel * @sksec: the sock's sk_security_struct * @skb: the packet * @family: protocol family * @ad: the audit data * * Description: * Fetch the NetLabel security attributes from @skb and perform an access check * against the receiving socket. Returns zero on success, negative values on * error. * */ int selinux_netlbl_sock_rcv_skb(struct sk_security_struct *sksec, struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, struct common_audit_data *ad) { int rc; u32 nlbl_sid; u32 perm; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr secattr; if (!netlbl_enabled()) return 0; netlbl_secattr_init(&secattr); rc = netlbl_skbuff_getattr(skb, family, &secattr); if (rc == 0 && secattr.flags != NETLBL_SECATTR_NONE) rc = selinux_netlbl_sidlookup_cached(skb, family, &secattr, &nlbl_sid); else nlbl_sid = SECINITSID_UNLABELED; netlbl_secattr_destroy(&secattr); if (rc != 0) return rc; switch (sksec->sclass) { case SECCLASS_UDP_SOCKET: perm = UDP_SOCKET__RECVFROM; break; case SECCLASS_TCP_SOCKET: perm = TCP_SOCKET__RECVFROM; break; default: perm = RAWIP_SOCKET__RECVFROM; } rc = avc_has_perm(&selinux_state, sksec->sid, nlbl_sid, sksec->sclass, perm, ad); if (rc == 0) return 0; if (nlbl_sid != SECINITSID_UNLABELED) netlbl_skbuff_err(skb, family, rc, 0); return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_option - Is this a NetLabel option * @level: the socket level or protocol * @optname: the socket option name * * Description: * Returns true if @level and @optname refer to a NetLabel option. * Helper for selinux_netlbl_socket_setsockopt(). */ static inline int selinux_netlbl_option(int level, int optname) { return (level == IPPROTO_IP && optname == IP_OPTIONS) || (level == IPPROTO_IPV6 && optname == IPV6_HOPOPTS); } /** * selinux_netlbl_socket_setsockopt - Do not allow users to remove a NetLabel * @sock: the socket * @level: the socket level or protocol * @optname: the socket option name * * Description: * Check the setsockopt() call and if the user is trying to replace the IP * options on a socket and a NetLabel is in place for the socket deny the * access; otherwise allow the access. Returns zero when the access is * allowed, -EACCES when denied, and other negative values on error. * */ int selinux_netlbl_socket_setsockopt(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname) { int rc = 0; struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr secattr; if (selinux_netlbl_option(level, optname) && (sksec->nlbl_state == NLBL_LABELED || sksec->nlbl_state == NLBL_CONNLABELED)) { netlbl_secattr_init(&secattr); lock_sock(sk); /* call the netlabel function directly as we want to see the * on-the-wire label that is assigned via the socket's options * and not the cached netlabel/lsm attributes */ rc = netlbl_sock_getattr(sk, &secattr); release_sock(sk); if (rc == 0) rc = -EACCES; else if (rc == -ENOMSG) rc = 0; netlbl_secattr_destroy(&secattr); } return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_socket_connect_helper - Help label a client-side socket on * connect * @sk: the socket to label * @addr: the destination address * * Description: * Attempt to label a connected socket with NetLabel using the given address. * Returns zero values on success, negative values on failure. * */ static int selinux_netlbl_socket_connect_helper(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr) { int rc; struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr; /* connected sockets are allowed to disconnect when the address family * is set to AF_UNSPEC, if that is what is happening we want to reset * the socket */ if (addr->sa_family == AF_UNSPEC) { netlbl_sock_delattr(sk); sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_REQSKB; rc = 0; return rc; } secattr = selinux_netlbl_sock_genattr(sk); if (secattr == NULL) { rc = -ENOMEM; return rc; } rc = netlbl_conn_setattr(sk, addr, secattr); if (rc == 0) sksec->nlbl_state = NLBL_CONNLABELED; return rc; } /** * selinux_netlbl_socket_connect_locked - Label a client-side socket on * connect * @sk: the socket to label * @addr: the destination address * * Description: * Attempt to label a connected socket that already has the socket locked * with NetLabel using the given address. * Returns zero values on success, negative values on failure. * */ int selinux_netlbl_socket_connect_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr) { struct sk_security_struct *sksec = sk->sk_security; if (sksec->nlbl_state != NLBL_REQSKB && sksec->nlbl_state != NLBL_CONNLABELED) return 0; return selinux_netlbl_socket_connect_helper(sk, addr); } /** * selinux_netlbl_socket_connect - Label a client-side socket on connect * @sk: the socket to label * @addr: the destination address * * Description: * Attempt to label a connected socket with NetLabel using the given address. * Returns zero values on success, negative values on failure. * */ int selinux_netlbl_socket_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr) { int rc; lock_sock(sk); rc = selinux_netlbl_socket_connect_locked(sk, addr); release_sock(sk); return rc; }
10 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #define _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #include <asm/desc.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #include <trace/events/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/paravirt.h> #include <asm/debugreg.h> extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id; #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_never_available_key); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_always_available_key); void cr4_update_pce(void *ignored); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL /* * ldt_structs can be allocated, used, and freed, but they are never * modified while live. */ struct ldt_struct { /* * Xen requires page-aligned LDTs with special permissions. This is * needed to prevent us from installing evil descriptors such as * call gates. On native, we could merge the ldt_struct and LDT * allocations, but it's not worth trying to optimize. */ struct desc_struct *entries; unsigned int nr_entries; /* * If PTI is in use, then the entries array is not mapped while we're * in user mode. The whole array will be aliased at the addressed * given by ldt_slot_va(slot). We use two slots so that we can allocate * and map, and enable a new LDT without invalidating the mapping * of an older, still-in-use LDT. * * slot will be -1 if this LDT doesn't have an alias mapping. */ int slot; }; /* * Used for LDT copy/destruction. */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->context.ldt = NULL; init_rwsem(&mm->context.ldt_usr_sem); } int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm); void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else /* CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL extern void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next); #else static inline void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { clear_LDT(); } static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); } #endif extern void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk); /* * Init a new mm. Used on mm copies, like at fork() * and on mm's that are brand-new, like at execve(). */ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { mutex_init(&mm->context.lock); mm->context.ctx_id = atomic64_inc_return(&last_mm_ctx_id); atomic64_set(&mm->context.tlb_gen, 0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) { /* pkey 0 is the default and allocated implicitly */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = 0x1; /* -1 means unallocated or invalid */ mm->context.execute_only_pkey = -1; } #endif init_new_context_ldt(mm); return 0; } static inline void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm) { destroy_context_ldt(mm); } extern void switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); extern void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); #define switch_mm_irqs_off switch_mm_irqs_off #define activate_mm(prev, next) \ do { \ paravirt_activate_mm((prev), (next)); \ switch_mm((prev), (next), NULL); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ lazy_load_gs(0); \ } while (0) #else #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ load_gs_index(0); \ loadsegment(fs, 0); \ } while (0) #endif static inline void arch_dup_pkeys(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* Duplicate the oldmm pkey state in mm: */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = oldmm->context.pkey_allocation_map; mm->context.execute_only_pkey = oldmm->context.execute_only_pkey; #endif } static inline int arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { arch_dup_pkeys(oldmm, mm); paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); return ldt_dup_context(oldmm, mm); } static inline void arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); ldt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) || !(mm->context.ia32_compat == TIF_IA32); } #else static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return false; } #endif static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { } /* * We only want to enforce protection keys on the current process * because we effectively have no access to PKRU for other * processes or any way to tell *which * PKRU in a threaded * process we could use. * * So do not enforce things if the VMA is not from the current * mm, or if we are in a kernel thread. */ static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool write, bool execute, bool foreign) { /* pkeys never affect instruction fetches */ if (execute) return true; /* allow access if the VMA is not one from this process */ if (foreign || vma_is_foreign(vma)) return true; return __pkru_allows_pkey(vma_pkey(vma), write); } unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void); #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
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Rewritten. Now it covers the whole per-process part. * Instead of using magical inumbers to determine the kind of object * we allocate and fill in-core inodes upon lookup. They don't even * go into icache. We cache the reference to task_struct upon lookup too. * Eventually it should become a filesystem in its own. We don't use the * rest of procfs anymore. * * * Changelog: * 17-Jan-2005 * Allan Bezerra * Bruna Moreira <bruna.moreira@indt.org.br> * Edjard Mota <edjard.mota@indt.org.br> * Ilias Biris <ilias.biris@indt.org.br> * Mauricio Lin <mauricio.lin@indt.org.br> * * Embedded Linux Lab - 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT * * A new process specific entry (smaps) included in /proc. It shows the * size of rss for each memory area. The maps entry lacks information * about physical memory size (rss) for each mapped file, i.e., * rss information for executables and library files. * This additional information is useful for any tools that need to know * about physical memory consumption for a process specific library. * * Changelog: * 21-Feb-2005 * Embedded Linux Lab - 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT * Pud inclusion in the page table walking. * * ChangeLog: * 10-Mar-2005 * 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT: * A better way to walks through the page table as suggested by Hugh Dickins. * * Simo Piiroinen <simo.piiroinen@nokia.com>: * Smaps information related to shared, private, clean and dirty pages. * * Paul Mundt <paul.mundt@nokia.com>: * Overall revision about smaps. */ #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/generic-radix-tree.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/stacktrace.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/tracehook.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched/autogroup.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/debug.h> #include <linux/sched/stat.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/time_namespace.h> #include <linux/resctrl.h> #include <trace/events/oom.h> #include "internal.h" #include "fd.h" #include "../../lib/kstrtox.h" /* NOTE: * Implementing inode permission operations in /proc is almost * certainly an error. Permission checks need to happen during * each system call not at open time. The reason is that most of * what we wish to check for permissions in /proc varies at runtime. * * The classic example of a problem is opening file descriptors * in /proc for a task before it execs a suid executable. */ static u8 nlink_tid __ro_after_init; static u8 nlink_tgid __ro_after_init; struct pid_entry { const char *name; unsigned int len; umode_t mode; const struct inode_operations *iop; const struct file_operations *fop; union proc_op op; }; #define NOD(NAME, MODE, IOP, FOP, OP) { \ .name = (NAME), \ .len = sizeof(NAME) - 1, \ .mode = MODE, \ .iop = IOP, \ .fop = FOP, \ .op = OP, \ } #define DIR(NAME, MODE, iops, fops) \ NOD(NAME, (S_IFDIR|(MODE)), &iops, &fops, {} ) #define LNK(NAME, get_link) \ NOD(NAME, (S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO), \ &proc_pid_link_inode_operations, NULL, \ { .proc_get_link = get_link } ) #define REG(NAME, MODE, fops) \ NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), NULL, &fops, {}) #define ONE(NAME, MODE, show) \ NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), \ NULL, &proc_single_file_operations, \ { .proc_show = show } ) #define ATTR(LSM, NAME, MODE) \ NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), \ NULL, &proc_pid_attr_operations, \ { .lsm = LSM }) /* * Count the number of hardlinks for the pid_entry table, excluding the . * and .. links. */ static unsigned int __init pid_entry_nlink(const struct pid_entry *entries, unsigned int n) { unsigned int i; unsigned int count; count = 2; for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) { if (S_ISDIR(entries[i].mode)) ++count; } return count; } static int get_task_root(struct task_struct *task, struct path *root) { int result = -ENOENT; task_lock(task); if (task->fs) { get_fs_root(task->fs, root); result = 0; } task_unlock(task); return result; } static int proc_cwd_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry)); int result = -ENOENT; if (task) { task_lock(task); if (task->fs) { get_fs_pwd(task->fs, path); result = 0; } task_unlock(task); put_task_struct(task); } return result; } static int proc_root_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry)); int result = -ENOENT; if (task) { result = get_task_root(task, path); put_task_struct(task); } return result; } /* * If the user used setproctitle(), we just get the string from * user space at arg_start, and limit it to a maximum of one page. */ static ssize_t get_mm_proctitle(struct mm_struct *mm, char __user *buf, size_t count, unsigned long pos, unsigned long arg_start) { char *page; int ret, got; if (pos >= PAGE_SIZE) return 0; page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; ret = 0; got = access_remote_vm(mm, arg_start, page, PAGE_SIZE, FOLL_ANON); if (got > 0) { int len = strnlen(page, got); /* Include the NUL character if it was found */ if (len < got) len++; if (len > pos) { len -= pos; if (len > count) len = count; len -= copy_to_user(buf, page+pos, len); if (!len) len = -EFAULT; ret = len; } } free_page((unsigned long)page); return ret; } static ssize_t get_mm_cmdline(struct mm_struct *mm, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; unsigned long pos, len; char *page, c; /* Check if process spawned far enough to have cmdline. */ if (!mm->env_end) return 0; spin_lock(&mm->arg_lock); arg_start = mm->arg_start; arg_end = mm->arg_end; env_start = mm->env_start; env_end = mm->env_end; spin_unlock(&mm->arg_lock); if (arg_start >= arg_end) return 0; /* * We allow setproctitle() to overwrite the argument * strings, and overflow past the original end. But * only when it overflows into the environment area. */ if (env_start != arg_end || env_end < env_start) env_start = env_end = arg_end; len = env_end - arg_start; /* We're not going to care if "*ppos" has high bits set */ pos = *ppos; if (pos >= len) return 0; if (count > len - pos) count = len - pos; if (!count) return 0; /* * Magical special case: if the argv[] end byte is not * zero, the user has overwritten it with setproctitle(3). * * Possible future enhancement: do this only once when * pos is 0, and set a flag in the 'struct file'. */ if (access_remote_vm(mm, arg_end-1, &c, 1, FOLL_ANON) == 1 && c) return get_mm_proctitle(mm, buf, count, pos, arg_start); /* * For the non-setproctitle() case we limit things strictly * to the [arg_start, arg_end[ range. */ pos += arg_start; if (pos < arg_start || pos >= arg_end) return 0; if (count > arg_end - pos) count = arg_end - pos; page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; len = 0; while (count) { int got; size_t size = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, count); got = access_remote_vm(mm, pos, page, size, FOLL_ANON); if (got <= 0) break; got -= copy_to_user(buf, page, got); if (unlikely(!got)) { if (!len) len = -EFAULT; break; } pos += got; buf += got; len += got; count -= got; } free_page((unsigned long)page); return len; } static ssize_t get_task_cmdline(struct task_struct *tsk, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos) { struct mm_struct *mm; ssize_t ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = get_mm_cmdline(mm, buf, count, pos); mmput(mm); return ret; } static ssize_t proc_pid_cmdline_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos) { struct task_struct *tsk; ssize_t ret; BUG_ON(*pos < 0); tsk = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!tsk) return -ESRCH; ret = get_task_cmdline(tsk, buf, count, pos); put_task_struct(tsk); if (ret > 0) *pos += ret; return ret; } static const struct file_operations proc_pid_cmdline_ops = { .read = proc_pid_cmdline_read, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* * Provides a wchan file via kallsyms in a proper one-value-per-file format. * Returns the resolved symbol. If that fails, simply return the address. */ static int proc_pid_wchan(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { unsigned long wchan; char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS)) goto print0; wchan = get_wchan(task); if (wchan && !lookup_symbol_name(wchan, symname)) { seq_puts(m, symname); return 0; } print0: seq_putc(m, '0'); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KALLSYMS */ static int lock_trace(struct task_struct *task) { int err = down_read_killable(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); if (err) return err; if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS)) { up_read(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); return -EPERM; } return 0; } static void unlock_trace(struct task_struct *task) { up_read(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE #define MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH 64 static int proc_pid_stack(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { unsigned long *entries; int err; /* * The ability to racily run the kernel stack unwinder on a running task * and then observe the unwinder output is scary; while it is useful for * debugging kernel issues, it can also allow an attacker to leak kernel * stack contents. * Doing this in a manner that is at least safe from races would require * some work to ensure that the remote task can not be scheduled; and * even then, this would still expose the unwinder as local attack * surface. * Therefore, this interface is restricted to root. */ if (!file_ns_capable(m->file, &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EACCES; entries = kmalloc_array(MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH, sizeof(*entries), GFP_KERNEL); if (!entries) return -ENOMEM; err = lock_trace(task); if (!err) { unsigned int i, nr_entries; nr_entries = stack_trace_save_tsk(task, entries, MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH, 0); for (i = 0; i < nr_entries; i++) { seq_printf(m, "[<0>] %pB\n", (void *)entries[i]); } unlock_trace(task); } kfree(entries); return err; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO /* * Provides /proc/PID/schedstat */ static int proc_pid_schedstat(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(!sched_info_on())) seq_puts(m, "0 0 0\n"); else seq_printf(m, "%llu %llu %lu\n", (unsigned long long)task->se.sum_exec_runtime, (unsigned long long)task->sched_info.run_delay, task->sched_info.pcount); return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP static int lstats_show_proc(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { int i; struct inode *inode = m->private; struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode); if (!task) return -ESRCH; seq_puts(m, "Latency Top version : v0.1\n"); for (i = 0; i < LT_SAVECOUNT; i++) { struct latency_record *lr = &task->latency_record[i]; if (lr->backtrace[0]) { int q; seq_printf(m, "%i %li %li", lr->count, lr->time, lr->max); for (q = 0; q < LT_BACKTRACEDEPTH; q++) { unsigned long bt = lr->backtrace[q]; if (!bt) break; seq_printf(m, " %ps", (void *)bt); } seq_putc(m, '\n'); } } put_task_struct(task); return 0; } static int lstats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return single_open(file, lstats_show_proc, inode); } static ssize_t lstats_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *offs) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!task) return -ESRCH; clear_tsk_latency_tracing(task); put_task_struct(task); return count; } static const struct file_operations proc_lstats_operations = { .open = lstats_open, .read = seq_read, .write = lstats_write, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; #endif static int proc_oom_score(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { unsigned long totalpages = totalram_pages() + total_swap_pages; unsigned long points = 0; long badness; badness = oom_badness(task, totalpages); /* * Special case OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN for all others scale the * badness value into [0, 2000] range which we have been * exporting for a long time so userspace might depend on it. */ if (badness != LONG_MIN) points = (1000 + badness * 1000 / (long)totalpages) * 2 / 3; seq_printf(m, "%lu\n", points); return 0; } struct limit_names { const char *name; const char *unit; }; static const struct limit_names lnames[RLIM_NLIMITS] = { [RLIMIT_CPU] = {"Max cpu time", "seconds"}, [RLIMIT_FSIZE] = {"Max file size", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_DATA] = {"Max data size", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_STACK] = {"Max stack size", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_CORE] = {"Max core file size", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_RSS] = {"Max resident set", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_NPROC] = {"Max processes", "processes"}, [RLIMIT_NOFILE] = {"Max open files", "files"}, [RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = {"Max locked memory", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_AS] = {"Max address space", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_LOCKS] = {"Max file locks", "locks"}, [RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = {"Max pending signals", "signals"}, [RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = {"Max msgqueue size", "bytes"}, [RLIMIT_NICE] = {"Max nice priority", NULL}, [RLIMIT_RTPRIO] = {"Max realtime priority", NULL}, [RLIMIT_RTTIME] = {"Max realtime timeout", "us"}, }; /* Display limits for a process */ static int proc_pid_limits(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { unsigned int i; unsigned long flags; struct rlimit rlim[RLIM_NLIMITS]; if (!lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) return 0; memcpy(rlim, task->signal->rlim, sizeof(struct rlimit) * RLIM_NLIMITS); unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags); /* * print the file header */ seq_puts(m, "Limit " "Soft Limit " "Hard Limit " "Units \n"); for (i = 0; i < RLIM_NLIMITS; i++) { if (rlim[i].rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY) seq_printf(m, "%-25s %-20s ", lnames[i].name, "unlimited"); else seq_printf(m, "%-25s %-20lu ", lnames[i].name, rlim[i].rlim_cur); if (rlim[i].rlim_max == RLIM_INFINITY) seq_printf(m, "%-20s ", "unlimited"); else seq_printf(m, "%-20lu ", rlim[i].rlim_max); if (lnames[i].unit) seq_printf(m, "%-10s\n", lnames[i].unit); else seq_putc(m, '\n'); } return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK static int proc_pid_syscall(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { struct syscall_info info; u64 *args = &info.data.args[0]; int res; res = lock_trace(task); if (res) return res; if (task_current_syscall(task, &info)) seq_puts(m, "running\n"); else if (info.data.nr < 0) seq_printf(m, "%d 0x%llx 0x%llx\n", info.data.nr, info.sp, info.data.instruction_pointer); else seq_printf(m, "%d 0x%llx 0x%llx 0x%llx 0x%llx 0x%llx 0x%llx 0x%llx 0x%llx\n", info.data.nr, args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5], info.sp, info.data.instruction_pointer); unlock_trace(task); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK */ /************************************************************************/ /* Here the fs part begins */ /************************************************************************/ /* permission checks */ static int proc_fd_access_allowed(struct inode *inode) { struct task_struct *task; int allowed = 0; /* Allow access to a task's file descriptors if it is us or we * may use ptrace attach to the process and find out that * information. */ task = get_proc_task(inode); if (task) { allowed = ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS); put_task_struct(task); } return allowed; } int proc_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { int error; struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) return -EPERM; error = setattr_prepare(dentry, attr); if (error) return error; setattr_copy(inode, attr); mark_inode_dirty(inode); return 0; } /* * May current process learn task's sched/cmdline info (for hide_pid_min=1) * or euid/egid (for hide_pid_min=2)? */ static bool has_pid_permissions(struct proc_fs_info *fs_info, struct task_struct *task, enum proc_hidepid hide_pid_min) { /* * If 'hidpid' mount option is set force a ptrace check, * we indicate that we are using a filesystem syscall * by passing PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS */ if (fs_info->hide_pid == HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE) return ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS); if (fs_info->hide_pid < hide_pid_min) return true; if (in_group_p(fs_info->pid_gid)) return true; return ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS); } static int proc_pid_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { struct proc_fs_info *fs_info = proc_sb_info(inode->i_sb); struct task_struct *task; bool has_perms; task = get_proc_task(inode); if (!task) return -ESRCH; has_perms = has_pid_permissions(fs_info, task, HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS); put_task_struct(task); if (!has_perms) { if (fs_info->hide_pid == HIDEPID_INVISIBLE) { /* * Let's make getdents(), stat(), and open() * consistent with each other. If a process * may not stat() a file, it shouldn't be seen * in procfs at all. */ return -ENOENT; } return -EPERM; } return generic_permission(inode, mask); } static const struct inode_operations proc_def_inode_operations = { .setattr = proc_setattr, }; static int proc_single_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct inode *inode = m->private; struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(inode->i_sb); struct pid *pid = proc_pid(inode); struct task_struct *task; int ret; task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID); if (!task) return -ESRCH; ret = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_show(m, ns, pid, task); put_task_struct(task); return ret; } static int proc_single_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return single_open(filp, proc_single_show, inode); } static const struct file_operations proc_single_file_operations = { .open = proc_single_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; struct mm_struct *proc_mem_open(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode); struct mm_struct *mm = ERR_PTR(-ESRCH); if (task) { mm = mm_access(task, mode | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS); put_task_struct(task); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm)) { /* ensure this mm_struct can't be freed */ mmgrab(mm); /* but do not pin its memory */ mmput(mm); } } return mm; } static int __mem_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, unsigned int mode) { struct mm_struct *mm = proc_mem_open(inode, mode); if (IS_ERR(mm)) return PTR_ERR(mm); file->private_data = mm; return 0; } static int mem_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { int ret = __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH); /* OK to pass negative loff_t, we can catch out-of-range */ file->f_mode |= FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET; return ret; } static ssize_t mem_rw(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, int write) { struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data; unsigned long addr = *ppos; ssize_t copied; char *page; unsigned int flags; if (!mm) return 0; page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; copied = 0; if (!mmget_not_zero(mm)) goto free; flags = FOLL_FORCE | (write ? FOLL_WRITE : 0); while (count > 0) { size_t this_len = min_t(size_t, count, PAGE_SIZE); if (write && copy_from_user(page, buf, this_len)) { copied = -EFAULT; break; } this_len = access_remote_vm(mm, addr, page, this_len, flags); if (!this_len) { if (!copied) copied = -EIO; break; } if (!write && copy_to_user(buf, page, this_len)) { copied = -EFAULT; break; } buf += this_len; addr += this_len; copied += this_len; count -= this_len; } *ppos = addr; mmput(mm); free: free_page((unsigned long) page); return copied; } static ssize_t mem_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { return mem_rw(file, buf, count, ppos, 0); } static ssize_t mem_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { return mem_rw(file, (char __user*)buf, count, ppos, 1); } loff_t mem_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int orig) { switch (orig) { case 0: file->f_pos = offset; break; case 1: file->f_pos += offset; break; default: return -EINVAL; } force_successful_syscall_return(); return file->f_pos; } static int mem_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data; if (mm) mmdrop(mm); return 0; } static const struct file_operations proc_mem_operations = { .llseek = mem_lseek, .read = mem_read, .write = mem_write, .open = mem_open, .release = mem_release, }; static int environ_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_READ); } static ssize_t environ_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char *page; unsigned long src = *ppos; int ret = 0; struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data; unsigned long env_start, env_end; /* Ensure the process spawned far enough to have an environment. */ if (!mm || !mm->env_end) return 0; page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; ret = 0; if (!mmget_not_zero(mm)) goto free; spin_lock(&mm->arg_lock); env_start = mm->env_start; env_end = mm->env_end; spin_unlock(&mm->arg_lock); while (count > 0) { size_t this_len, max_len; int retval; if (src >= (env_end - env_start)) break; this_len = env_end - (env_start + src); max_len = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, count); this_len = min(max_len, this_len); retval = access_remote_vm(mm, (env_start + src), page, this_len, FOLL_ANON); if (retval <= 0) { ret = retval; break; } if (copy_to_user(buf, page, retval)) { ret = -EFAULT; break; } ret += retval; src += retval; buf += retval; count -= retval; } *ppos = src; mmput(mm); free: free_page((unsigned long) page); return ret; } static const struct file_operations proc_environ_operations = { .open = environ_open, .read = environ_read, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = mem_release, }; static int auxv_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS); } static ssize_t auxv_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data; unsigned int nwords = 0; if (!mm) return 0; do { nwords += 2; } while (mm->saved_auxv[nwords - 2] != 0); /* AT_NULL */ return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, mm->saved_auxv, nwords * sizeof(mm->saved_auxv[0])); } static const struct file_operations proc_auxv_operations = { .open = auxv_open, .read = auxv_read, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = mem_release, }; static ssize_t oom_adj_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; int oom_adj = OOM_ADJUST_MIN; size_t len; if (!task) return -ESRCH; if (task->signal->oom_score_adj == OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) oom_adj = OOM_ADJUST_MAX; else oom_adj = (task->signal->oom_score_adj * -OOM_DISABLE) / OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX; put_task_struct(task); if (oom_adj > OOM_ADJUST_MAX) oom_adj = OOM_ADJUST_MAX; len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%d\n", oom_adj); return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len); } static int __set_oom_adj(struct file *file, int oom_adj, bool legacy) { struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; struct task_struct *task; int err = 0; task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!task) return -ESRCH; mutex_lock(&oom_adj_mutex); if (legacy) { if (oom_adj < task->signal->oom_score_adj && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) { err = -EACCES; goto err_unlock; } /* * /proc/pid/oom_adj is provided for legacy purposes, ask users to use * /proc/pid/oom_score_adj instead. */ pr_warn_once("%s (%d): /proc/%d/oom_adj is deprecated, please use /proc/%d/oom_score_adj instead.\n", current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), task_pid_nr(task), task_pid_nr(task)); } else { if ((short)oom_adj < task->signal->oom_score_adj_min && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) { err = -EACCES; goto err_unlock; } } /* * Make sure we will check other processes sharing the mm if this is * not vfrok which wants its own oom_score_adj. * pin the mm so it doesn't go away and get reused after task_unlock */ if (!task->vfork_done) { struct task_struct *p = find_lock_task_mm(task); if (p) { if (test_bit(MMF_MULTIPROCESS, &p->mm->flags)) { mm = p->mm; mmgrab(mm); } task_unlock(p); } } task->signal->oom_score_adj = oom_adj; if (!legacy && has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) task->signal->oom_score_adj_min = (short)oom_adj; trace_oom_score_adj_update(task); if (mm) { struct task_struct *p; rcu_read_lock(); for_each_process(p) { if (same_thread_group(task, p)) continue; /* do not touch kernel threads or the global init */ if (p->flags & PF_KTHREAD || is_global_init(p)) continue; task_lock(p); if (!p->vfork_done && process_shares_mm(p, mm)) { p->signal->oom_score_adj = oom_adj; if (!legacy && has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) p->signal->oom_score_adj_min = (short)oom_adj; } task_unlock(p); } rcu_read_unlock(); mmdrop(mm); } err_unlock: mutex_unlock(&oom_adj_mutex); put_task_struct(task); return err; } /* * /proc/pid/oom_adj exists solely for backwards compatibility with previous * kernels. The effective policy is defined by oom_score_adj, which has a * different scale: oom_adj grew exponentially and oom_score_adj grows linearly. * Values written to oom_adj are simply mapped linearly to oom_score_adj. * Processes that become oom disabled via oom_adj will still be oom disabled * with this implementation. * * oom_adj cannot be removed since existing userspace binaries use it. */ static ssize_t oom_adj_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; int oom_adj; int err; memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer)); if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1) count = sizeof(buffer) - 1; if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) { err = -EFAULT; goto out; } err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &oom_adj); if (err) goto out; if ((oom_adj < OOM_ADJUST_MIN || oom_adj > OOM_ADJUST_MAX) && oom_adj != OOM_DISABLE) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* * Scale /proc/pid/oom_score_adj appropriately ensuring that a maximum * value is always attainable. */ if (oom_adj == OOM_ADJUST_MAX) oom_adj = OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX; else oom_adj = (oom_adj * OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) / -OOM_DISABLE; err = __set_oom_adj(file, oom_adj, true); out: return err < 0 ? err : count; } static const struct file_operations proc_oom_adj_operations = { .read = oom_adj_read, .write = oom_adj_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static ssize_t oom_score_adj_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; short oom_score_adj = OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN; size_t len; if (!task) return -ESRCH; oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj; put_task_struct(task); len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%hd\n", oom_score_adj); return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len); } static ssize_t oom_score_adj_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; int oom_score_adj; int err; memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer)); if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1) count = sizeof(buffer) - 1; if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) { err = -EFAULT; goto out; } err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &oom_score_adj); if (err) goto out; if (oom_score_adj < OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN || oom_score_adj > OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } err = __set_oom_adj(file, oom_score_adj, false); out: return err < 0 ? err : count; } static const struct file_operations proc_oom_score_adj_operations = { .read = oom_score_adj_read, .write = oom_score_adj_write, .llseek = default_llseek, }; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT #define TMPBUFLEN 11 static ssize_t proc_loginuid_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode * inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode); ssize_t length; char tmpbuf[TMPBUFLEN]; if (!task) return -ESRCH; length = scnprintf(tmpbuf, TMPBUFLEN, "%u", from_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, audit_get_loginuid(task))); put_task_struct(task); return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, tmpbuf, length); } static ssize_t proc_loginuid_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode * inode = file_inode(file); uid_t loginuid; kuid_t kloginuid; int rv; /* Don't let kthreads write their own loginuid */ if (current->flags & PF_KTHREAD) return -EPERM; rcu_read_lock(); if (current != pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -EPERM; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (*ppos != 0) { /* No partial writes. */ return -EINVAL; } rv = kstrtou32_from_user(buf, count, 10, &loginuid); if (rv < 0) return rv; /* is userspace tring to explicitly UNSET the loginuid? */ if (loginuid == AUDIT_UID_UNSET) { kloginuid = INVALID_UID; } else { kloginuid = make_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, loginuid); if (!uid_valid(kloginuid)) return -EINVAL; } rv = audit_set_loginuid(kloginuid); if (rv < 0) return rv; return count; } static const struct file_operations proc_loginuid_operations = { .read = proc_loginuid_read, .write = proc_loginuid_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static ssize_t proc_sessionid_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode * inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode); ssize_t length; char tmpbuf[TMPBUFLEN]; if (!task) return -ESRCH; length = scnprintf(tmpbuf, TMPBUFLEN, "%u", audit_get_sessionid(task)); put_task_struct(task); return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, tmpbuf, length); } static const struct file_operations proc_sessionid_operations = { .read = proc_sessionid_read, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION static ssize_t proc_fault_inject_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; size_t len; int make_it_fail; if (!task) return -ESRCH; make_it_fail = task->make_it_fail; put_task_struct(task); len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%i\n", make_it_fail); return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len); } static ssize_t proc_fault_inject_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task; char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; int make_it_fail; int rv; if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) return -EPERM; memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer)); if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1) count = sizeof(buffer) - 1; if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) return -EFAULT; rv = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &make_it_fail); if (rv < 0) return rv; if (make_it_fail < 0 || make_it_fail > 1) return -EINVAL; task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!task) return -ESRCH; task->make_it_fail = make_it_fail; put_task_struct(task); return count; } static const struct file_operations proc_fault_inject_operations = { .read = proc_fault_inject_read, .write = proc_fault_inject_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static ssize_t proc_fail_nth_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task; int err; unsigned int n; err = kstrtouint_from_user(buf, count, 0, &n); if (err) return err; task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!task) return -ESRCH; task->fail_nth = n; put_task_struct(task); return count; } static ssize_t proc_fail_nth_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task; char numbuf[PROC_NUMBUF]; ssize_t len; task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!task) return -ESRCH; len = snprintf(numbuf, sizeof(numbuf), "%u\n", task->fail_nth); put_task_struct(task); return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, numbuf, len); } static const struct file_operations proc_fail_nth_operations = { .read = proc_fail_nth_read, .write = proc_fail_nth_write, }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG /* * Print out various scheduling related per-task fields: */ static int sched_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct inode *inode = m->private; struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(inode->i_sb); struct task_struct *p; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; proc_sched_show_task(p, ns, m); put_task_struct(p); return 0; } static ssize_t sched_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *offset) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *p; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; proc_sched_set_task(p); put_task_struct(p); return count; } static int sched_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return single_open(filp, sched_show, inode); } static const struct file_operations proc_pid_sched_operations = { .open = sched_open, .read = seq_read, .write = sched_write, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP /* * Print out autogroup related information: */ static int sched_autogroup_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct inode *inode = m->private; struct task_struct *p; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; proc_sched_autogroup_show_task(p, m); put_task_struct(p); return 0; } static ssize_t sched_autogroup_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *offset) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *p; char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; int nice; int err; memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer)); if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1) count = sizeof(buffer) - 1; if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) return -EFAULT; err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &nice); if (err < 0) return err; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; err = proc_sched_autogroup_set_nice(p, nice); if (err) count = err; put_task_struct(p); return count; } static int sched_autogroup_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { int ret; ret = single_open(filp, sched_autogroup_show, NULL); if (!ret) { struct seq_file *m = filp->private_data; m->private = inode; } return ret; } static const struct file_operations proc_pid_sched_autogroup_operations = { .open = sched_autogroup_open, .read = seq_read, .write = sched_autogroup_write, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP */ #ifdef CONFIG_TIME_NS static int timens_offsets_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct task_struct *p; p = get_proc_task(file_inode(m->file)); if (!p) return -ESRCH; proc_timens_show_offsets(p, m); put_task_struct(p); return 0; } static ssize_t timens_offsets_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct proc_timens_offset offsets[2]; char *kbuf = NULL, *pos, *next_line; struct task_struct *p; int ret, noffsets; /* Only allow < page size writes at the beginning of the file */ if ((*ppos != 0) || (count >= PAGE_SIZE)) return -EINVAL; /* Slurp in the user data */ kbuf = memdup_user_nul(buf, count); if (IS_ERR(kbuf)) return PTR_ERR(kbuf); /* Parse the user data */ ret = -EINVAL; noffsets = 0; for (pos = kbuf; pos; pos = next_line) { struct proc_timens_offset *off = &offsets[noffsets]; char clock[10]; int err; /* Find the end of line and ensure we don't look past it */ next_line = strchr(pos, '\n'); if (next_line) { *next_line = '\0'; next_line++; if (*next_line == '\0') next_line = NULL; } err = sscanf(pos, "%9s %lld %lu", clock, &off->val.tv_sec, &off->val.tv_nsec); if (err != 3 || off->val.tv_nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) goto out; clock[sizeof(clock) - 1] = 0; if (strcmp(clock, "monotonic") == 0 || strcmp(clock, __stringify(CLOCK_MONOTONIC)) == 0) off->clockid = CLOCK_MONOTONIC; else if (strcmp(clock, "boottime") == 0 || strcmp(clock, __stringify(CLOCK_BOOTTIME)) == 0) off->clockid = CLOCK_BOOTTIME; else goto out; noffsets++; if (noffsets == ARRAY_SIZE(offsets)) { if (next_line) count = next_line - kbuf; break; } } ret = -ESRCH; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) goto out; ret = proc_timens_set_offset(file, p, offsets, noffsets); put_task_struct(p); if (ret) goto out; ret = count; out: kfree(kbuf); return ret; } static int timens_offsets_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return single_open(filp, timens_offsets_show, inode); } static const struct file_operations proc_timens_offsets_operations = { .open = timens_offsets_open, .read = seq_read, .write = timens_offsets_write, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; #endif /* CONFIG_TIME_NS */ static ssize_t comm_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *offset) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *p; char buffer[TASK_COMM_LEN]; const size_t maxlen = sizeof(buffer) - 1; memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer)); if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count > maxlen ? maxlen : count)) return -EFAULT; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; if (same_thread_group(current, p)) set_task_comm(p, buffer); else count = -EINVAL; put_task_struct(p); return count; } static int comm_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct inode *inode = m->private; struct task_struct *p; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; proc_task_name(m, p, false); seq_putc(m, '\n'); put_task_struct(p); return 0; } static int comm_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return single_open(filp, comm_show, inode); } static const struct file_operations proc_pid_set_comm_operations = { .open = comm_open, .read = seq_read, .write = comm_write, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; static int proc_exe_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *exe_path) { struct task_struct *task; struct file *exe_file; task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry)); if (!task) return -ENOENT; exe_file = get_task_exe_file(task); put_task_struct(task); if (exe_file) { *exe_path = exe_file->f_path; path_get(&exe_file->f_path); fput(exe_file); return 0; } else return -ENOENT; } static const char *proc_pid_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *done) { struct path path; int error = -EACCES; if (!dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); /* Are we allowed to snoop on the tasks file descriptors? */ if (!proc_fd_access_allowed(inode)) goto out; error = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_get_link(dentry, &path); if (error) goto out; error = nd_jump_link(&path); out: return ERR_PTR(error); } static int do_proc_readlink(struct path *path, char __user *buffer, int buflen) { char *tmp = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); char *pathname; int len; if (!tmp) return -ENOMEM; pathname = d_path(path, tmp, PAGE_SIZE); len = PTR_ERR(pathname); if (IS_ERR(pathname)) goto out; len = tmp + PAGE_SIZE - 1 - pathname; if (len > buflen) len = buflen; if (copy_to_user(buffer, pathname, len)) len = -EFAULT; out: free_page((unsigned long)tmp); return len; } static int proc_pid_readlink(struct dentry * dentry, char __user * buffer, int buflen) { int error = -EACCES; struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); struct path path; /* Are we allowed to snoop on the tasks file descriptors? */ if (!proc_fd_access_allowed(inode)) goto out; error = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_get_link(dentry, &path); if (error) goto out; error = do_proc_readlink(&path, buffer, buflen); path_put(&path); out: return error; } const struct inode_operations proc_pid_link_inode_operations = { .readlink = proc_pid_readlink, .get_link = proc_pid_get_link, .setattr = proc_setattr, }; /* building an inode */ void task_dump_owner(struct task_struct *task, umode_t mode, kuid_t *ruid, kgid_t *rgid) { /* Depending on the state of dumpable compute who should own a * proc file for a task. */ const struct cred *cred; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; if (unlikely(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { *ruid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *rgid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; return; } /* Default to the tasks effective ownership */ rcu_read_lock(); cred = __task_cred(task); uid = cred->euid; gid = cred->egid; rcu_read_unlock(); /* * Before the /proc/pid/status file was created the only way to read * the effective uid of a /process was to stat /proc/pid. Reading * /proc/pid/status is slow enough that procps and other packages * kept stating /proc/pid. To keep the rules in /proc simple I have * made this apply to all per process world readable and executable * directories. */ if (mode != (S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO)) { struct mm_struct *mm; task_lock(task); mm = task->mm; /* Make non-dumpable tasks owned by some root */ if (mm) { if (get_dumpable(mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = mm->user_ns; uid = make_kuid(user_ns, 0); if (!uid_valid(uid)) uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; gid = make_kgid(user_ns, 0); if (!gid_valid(gid)) gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } } else { uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } task_unlock(task); } *ruid = uid; *rgid = gid; } void proc_pid_evict_inode(struct proc_inode *ei) { struct pid *pid = ei->pid; if (S_ISDIR(ei->vfs_inode.i_mode)) { spin_lock(&pid->lock); hlist_del_init_rcu(&ei->sibling_inodes); spin_unlock(&pid->lock); } put_pid(pid); } struct inode *proc_pid_make_inode(struct super_block * sb, struct task_struct *task, umode_t mode) { struct inode * inode; struct proc_inode *ei; struct pid *pid; /* We need a new inode */ inode = new_inode(sb); if (!inode) goto out; /* Common stuff */ ei = PROC_I(inode); inode->i_mode = mode; inode->i_ino = get_next_ino(); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); inode->i_op = &proc_def_inode_operations; /* * grab the reference to task. */ pid = get_task_pid(task, PIDTYPE_PID); if (!pid) goto out_unlock; /* Let the pid remember us for quick removal */ ei->pid = pid; if (S_ISDIR(mode)) { spin_lock(&pid->lock); hlist_add_head_rcu(&ei->sibling_inodes, &pid->inodes); spin_unlock(&pid->lock); } task_dump_owner(task, 0, &inode->i_uid, &inode->i_gid); security_task_to_inode(task, inode); out: return inode; out_unlock: iput(inode); return NULL; } int pid_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); struct proc_fs_info *fs_info = proc_sb_info(inode->i_sb); struct task_struct *task; generic_fillattr(inode, stat); stat->uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; stat->gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; rcu_read_lock(); task = pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID); if (task) { if (!has_pid_permissions(fs_info, task, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE)) { rcu_read_unlock(); /* * This doesn't prevent learning whether PID exists, * it only makes getattr() consistent with readdir(). */ return -ENOENT; } task_dump_owner(task, inode->i_mode, &stat->uid, &stat->gid); } rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* dentry stuff */ /* * Set <pid>/... inode ownership (can change due to setuid(), etc.) */ void pid_update_inode(struct task_struct *task, struct inode *inode) { task_dump_owner(task, inode->i_mode, &inode->i_uid, &inode->i_gid); inode->i_mode &= ~(S_ISUID | S_ISGID); security_task_to_inode(task, inode); } /* * Rewrite the inode's ownerships here because the owning task may have * performed a setuid(), etc. * */ static int pid_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode; struct task_struct *task; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) return -ECHILD; inode = d_inode(dentry); task = get_proc_task(inode); if (task) { pid_update_inode(task, inode); put_task_struct(task); return 1; } return 0; } static inline bool proc_inode_is_dead(struct inode *inode) { return !proc_pid(inode)->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID].first; } int pid_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *dentry) { /* Is the task we represent dead? * If so, then don't put the dentry on the lru list, * kill it immediately. */ return proc_inode_is_dead(d_inode(dentry)); } const struct dentry_operations pid_dentry_operations = { .d_revalidate = pid_revalidate, .d_delete = pid_delete_dentry, }; /* Lookups */ /* * Fill a directory entry. * * If possible create the dcache entry and derive our inode number and * file type from dcache entry. * * Since all of the proc inode numbers are dynamically generated, the inode * numbers do not exist until the inode is cache. This means creating the * the dcache entry in readdir is necessary to keep the inode numbers * reported by readdir in sync with the inode numbers reported * by stat. */ bool proc_fill_cache(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, unsigned int len, instantiate_t instantiate, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr) { struct dentry *child, *dir = file->f_path.dentry; struct qstr qname = QSTR_INIT(name, len); struct inode *inode; unsigned type = DT_UNKNOWN; ino_t ino = 1; child = d_hash_and_lookup(dir, &qname); if (!child) { DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); child = d_alloc_parallel(dir, &qname, &wq); if (IS_ERR(child)) goto end_instantiate; if (d_in_lookup(child)) { struct dentry *res; res = instantiate(child, task, ptr); d_lookup_done(child); if (unlikely(res)) { dput(child); child = res; if (IS_ERR(child)) goto end_instantiate; } } } inode = d_inode(child); ino = inode->i_ino; type = inode->i_mode >> 12; dput(child); end_instantiate: return dir_emit(ctx, name, len, ino, type); } /* * dname_to_vma_addr - maps a dentry name into two unsigned longs * which represent vma start and end addresses. */ static int dname_to_vma_addr(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { const char *str = dentry->d_name.name; unsigned long long sval, eval; unsigned int len; if (str[0] == '0' && str[1] != '-') return -EINVAL; len = _parse_integer(str, 16, &sval); if (len & KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW) return -EINVAL; if (sval != (unsigned long)sval) return -EINVAL; str += len; if (*str != '-') return -EINVAL; str++; if (str[0] == '0' && str[1]) return -EINVAL; len = _parse_integer(str, 16, &eval); if (len & KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW) return -EINVAL; if (eval != (unsigned long)eval) return -EINVAL; str += len; if (*str != '\0') return -EINVAL; *start = sval; *end = eval; return 0; } static int map_files_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { unsigned long vm_start, vm_end; bool exact_vma_exists = false; struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; struct task_struct *task; struct inode *inode; int status = 0; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) return -ECHILD; inode = d_inode(dentry); task = get_proc_task(inode); if (!task) goto out_notask; mm = mm_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm)) goto out; if (!dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end)) { status = mmap_read_lock_killable(mm); if (!status) { exact_vma_exists = !!find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end); mmap_read_unlock(mm); } } mmput(mm); if (exact_vma_exists) { task_dump_owner(task, 0, &inode->i_uid, &inode->i_gid); security_task_to_inode(task, inode); status = 1; } out: put_task_struct(task); out_notask: return status; } static const struct dentry_operations tid_map_files_dentry_operations = { .d_revalidate = map_files_d_revalidate, .d_delete = pid_delete_dentry, }; static int map_files_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path) { unsigned long vm_start, vm_end; struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct task_struct *task; struct mm_struct *mm; int rc; rc = -ENOENT; task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry)); if (!task) goto out; mm = get_task_mm(task); put_task_struct(task); if (!mm) goto out; rc = dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end); if (rc) goto out_mmput; rc = mmap_read_lock_killable(mm); if (rc) goto out_mmput; rc = -ENOENT; vma = find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { *path = vma->vm_file->f_path; path_get(path); rc = 0; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); out_mmput: mmput(mm); out: return rc; } struct map_files_info { unsigned long start; unsigned long end; fmode_t mode; }; /* * Only allow CAP_SYS_ADMIN and CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE to follow the links, due * to concerns about how the symlinks may be used to bypass permissions on * ancestor directories in the path to the file in question. */ static const char * proc_map_files_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *done) { if (!checkpoint_restore_ns_capable(&init_user_ns)) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); return proc_pid_get_link(dentry, inode, done); } /* * Identical to proc_pid_link_inode_operations except for get_link() */ static const struct inode_operations proc_map_files_link_inode_operations = { .readlink = proc_pid_readlink, .get_link = proc_map_files_get_link, .setattr = proc_setattr, }; static struct dentry * proc_map_files_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr) { fmode_t mode = (fmode_t)(unsigned long)ptr; struct proc_inode *ei; struct inode *inode; inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dentry->d_sb, task, S_IFLNK | ((mode & FMODE_READ ) ? S_IRUSR : 0) | ((mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? S_IWUSR : 0)); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); ei = PROC_I(inode); ei->op.proc_get_link = map_files_get_link; inode->i_op = &proc_map_files_link_inode_operations; inode->i_size = 64; d_set_d_op(dentry, &tid_map_files_dentry_operations); return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry); } static struct dentry *proc_map_files_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { unsigned long vm_start, vm_end; struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct task_struct *task; struct dentry *result; struct mm_struct *mm; result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); task = get_proc_task(dir); if (!task) goto out; result = ERR_PTR(-EACCES); if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS)) goto out_put_task; result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); if (dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end)) goto out_put_task; mm = get_task_mm(task); if (!mm) goto out_put_task; result = ERR_PTR(-EINTR); if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) goto out_put_mm; result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); vma = find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end); if (!vma) goto out_no_vma; if (vma->vm_file) result = proc_map_files_instantiate(dentry, task, (void *)(unsigned long)vma->vm_file->f_mode); out_no_vma: mmap_read_unlock(mm); out_put_mm: mmput(mm); out_put_task: put_task_struct(task); out: return result; } static const struct inode_operations proc_map_files_inode_operations = { .lookup = proc_map_files_lookup, .permission = proc_fd_permission, .setattr = proc_setattr, }; static int proc_map_files_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct task_struct *task; struct mm_struct *mm; unsigned long nr_files, pos, i; GENRADIX(struct map_files_info) fa; struct map_files_info *p; int ret; genradix_init(&fa); ret = -ENOENT; task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!task) goto out; ret = -EACCES; if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS)) goto out_put_task; ret = 0; if (!dir_emit_dots(file, ctx)) goto out_put_task; mm = get_task_mm(task); if (!mm) goto out_put_task; ret = mmap_read_lock_killable(mm); if (ret) { mmput(mm); goto out_put_task; } nr_files = 0; /* * We need two passes here: * * 1) Collect vmas of mapped files with mmap_lock taken * 2) Release mmap_lock and instantiate entries * * otherwise we get lockdep complained, since filldir() * routine might require mmap_lock taken in might_fault(). */ for (vma = mm->mmap, pos = 2; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (!vma->vm_file) continue; if (++pos <= ctx->pos) continue; p = genradix_ptr_alloc(&fa, nr_files++, GFP_KERNEL); if (!p) { ret = -ENOMEM; mmap_read_unlock(mm); mmput(mm); goto out_put_task; } p->start = vma->vm_start; p->end = vma->vm_end; p->mode = vma->vm_file->f_mode; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); mmput(mm); for (i = 0; i < nr_files; i++) { char buf[4 * sizeof(long) + 2]; /* max: %lx-%lx\0 */ unsigned int len; p = genradix_ptr(&fa, i); len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%lx-%lx", p->start, p->end); if (!proc_fill_cache(file, ctx, buf, len, proc_map_files_instantiate, task, (void *)(unsigned long)p->mode)) break; ctx->pos++; } out_put_task: put_task_struct(task); out: genradix_free(&fa); return ret; } static const struct file_operations proc_map_files_operations = { .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = proc_map_files_readdir, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; #if defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) && defined(CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS) struct timers_private { struct pid *pid; struct task_struct *task; struct sighand_struct *sighand; struct pid_namespace *ns; unsigned long flags; }; static void *timers_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct timers_private *tp = m->private; tp->task = get_pid_task(tp->pid, PIDTYPE_PID); if (!tp->task) return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH); tp->sighand = lock_task_sighand(tp->task, &tp->flags); if (!tp->sighand) return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH); return seq_list_start(&tp->task->signal->posix_timers, *pos); } static void *timers_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct timers_private *tp = m->private; return seq_list_next(v, &tp->task->signal->posix_timers, pos); } static void timers_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct timers_private *tp = m->private; if (tp->sighand) { unlock_task_sighand(tp->task, &tp->flags); tp->sighand = NULL; } if (tp->task) { put_task_struct(tp->task); tp->task = NULL; } } static int show_timer(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct k_itimer *timer; struct timers_private *tp = m->private; int notify; static const char * const nstr[] = { [SIGEV_SIGNAL] = "signal", [SIGEV_NONE] = "none", [SIGEV_THREAD] = "thread", }; timer = list_entry((struct list_head *)v, struct k_itimer, list); notify = timer->it_sigev_notify; seq_printf(m, "ID: %d\n", timer->it_id); seq_printf(m, "signal: %d/%px\n", timer->sigq->info.si_signo, timer->sigq->info.si_value.sival_ptr); seq_printf(m, "notify: %s/%s.%d\n", nstr[notify & ~SIGEV_THREAD_ID], (notify & SIGEV_THREAD_ID) ? "tid" : "pid", pid_nr_ns(timer->it_pid, tp->ns)); seq_printf(m, "ClockID: %d\n", timer->it_clock); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations proc_timers_seq_ops = { .start = timers_start, .next = timers_next, .stop = timers_stop, .show = show_timer, }; static int proc_timers_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct timers_private *tp; tp = __seq_open_private(file, &proc_timers_seq_ops, sizeof(struct timers_private)); if (!tp) return -ENOMEM; tp->pid = proc_pid(inode); tp->ns = proc_pid_ns(inode->i_sb); return 0; } static const struct file_operations proc_timers_operations = { .open = proc_timers_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = seq_release_private, }; #endif static ssize_t timerslack_ns_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *offset) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *p; u64 slack_ns; int err; err = kstrtoull_from_user(buf, count, 10, &slack_ns); if (err < 0) return err; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; if (p != current) { rcu_read_lock(); if (!ns_capable(__task_cred(p)->user_ns, CAP_SYS_NICE)) { rcu_read_unlock(); count = -EPERM; goto out; } rcu_read_unlock(); err = security_task_setscheduler(p); if (err) { count = err; goto out; } } task_lock(p); if (slack_ns == 0) p->timer_slack_ns = p->default_timer_slack_ns; else p->timer_slack_ns = slack_ns; task_unlock(p); out: put_task_struct(p); return count; } static int timerslack_ns_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct inode *inode = m->private; struct task_struct *p; int err = 0; p = get_proc_task(inode); if (!p) return -ESRCH; if (p != current) { rcu_read_lock(); if (!ns_capable(__task_cred(p)->user_ns, CAP_SYS_NICE)) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -EPERM; goto out; } rcu_read_unlock(); err = security_task_getscheduler(p); if (err) goto out; } task_lock(p); seq_printf(m, "%llu\n", p->timer_slack_ns); task_unlock(p); out: put_task_struct(p); return err; } static int timerslack_ns_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return single_open(filp, timerslack_ns_show, inode); } static const struct file_operations proc_pid_set_timerslack_ns_operations = { .open = timerslack_ns_open, .read = seq_read, .write = timerslack_ns_write, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; static struct dentry *proc_pident_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr) { const struct pid_entry *p = ptr; struct inode *inode; struct proc_inode *ei; inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dentry->d_sb, task, p->mode); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); ei = PROC_I(inode); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) set_nlink(inode, 2); /* Use getattr to fix if necessary */ if (p->iop) inode->i_op = p->iop; if (p->fop) inode->i_fop = p->fop; ei->op = p->op; pid_update_inode(task, inode); d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations); return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry); } static struct dentry *proc_pident_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const struct pid_entry *p, const struct pid_entry *end) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(dir); struct dentry *res = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); if (!task) goto out_no_task; /* * Yes, it does not scale. And it should not. Don't add * new entries into /proc/<tgid>/ without very good reasons. */ for (; p < end; p++) { if (p->len != dentry->d_name.len) continue; if (!memcmp(dentry->d_name.name, p->name, p->len)) { res = proc_pident_instantiate(dentry, task, p); break; } } put_task_struct(task); out_no_task: return res; } static int proc_pident_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx, const struct pid_entry *ents, unsigned int nents) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); const struct pid_entry *p; if (!task) return -ENOENT; if (!dir_emit_dots(file, ctx)) goto out; if (ctx->pos >= nents + 2) goto out; for (p = ents + (ctx->pos - 2); p < ents + nents; p++) { if (!proc_fill_cache(file, ctx, p->name, p->len, proc_pident_instantiate, task, p)) break; ctx->pos++; } out: put_task_struct(task); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY static int proc_pid_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { file->private_data = NULL; __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS); return 0; } static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode * inode = file_inode(file); char *p = NULL; ssize_t length; struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode); if (!task) return -ESRCH; length = security_getprocattr(task, PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm, (char*)file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name, &p); put_task_struct(task); if (length > 0) length = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, p, length); kfree(p); return length; } static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode * inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *task; void *page; int rv; /* A task may only write when it was the opener. */ if (file->private_data != current->mm) return -EPERM; rcu_read_lock(); task = pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID); if (!task) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -ESRCH; } /* A task may only write its own attributes. */ if (current != task) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -EACCES; } /* Prevent changes to overridden credentials. */ if (current_cred() != current_real_cred()) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -EBUSY; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (count > PAGE_SIZE) count = PAGE_SIZE; /* No partial writes. */ if (*ppos != 0) return -EINVAL; page = memdup_user(buf, count); if (IS_ERR(page)) { rv = PTR_ERR(page); goto out; } /* Guard against adverse ptrace interaction */ rv = mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex); if (rv < 0) goto out_free; rv = security_setprocattr(PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm, file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name, page, count); mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex); out_free: kfree(page); out: return rv; } static const struct file_operations proc_pid_attr_operations = { .open = proc_pid_attr_open, .read = proc_pid_attr_read, .write = proc_pid_attr_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = mem_release, }; #define LSM_DIR_OPS(LSM) \ static int proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_iterate(struct file *filp, \ struct dir_context *ctx) \ { \ return proc_pident_readdir(filp, ctx, \ LSM##_attr_dir_stuff, \ ARRAY_SIZE(LSM##_attr_dir_stuff)); \ } \ \ static const struct file_operations proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_ops = { \ .read = generic_read_dir, \ .iterate = proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_iterate, \ .llseek = default_llseek, \ }; \ \ static struct dentry *proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_lookup(struct inode *dir, \ struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) \ { \ return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry, \ LSM##_attr_dir_stuff, \ LSM##_attr_dir_stuff + ARRAY_SIZE(LSM##_attr_dir_stuff)); \ } \ \ static const struct inode_operations proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_inode_ops = { \ .lookup = proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_lookup, \ .getattr = pid_getattr, \ .setattr = proc_setattr, \ } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SMACK static const struct pid_entry smack_attr_dir_stuff[] = { ATTR("smack", "current", 0666), }; LSM_DIR_OPS(smack); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_APPARMOR static const struct pid_entry apparmor_attr_dir_stuff[] = { ATTR("apparmor", "current", 0666), ATTR("apparmor", "prev", 0444), ATTR("apparmor", "exec", 0666), }; LSM_DIR_OPS(apparmor); #endif static const struct pid_entry attr_dir_stuff[] = { ATTR(NULL, "current", 0666), ATTR(NULL, "prev", 0444), ATTR(NULL, "exec", 0666), ATTR(NULL, "fscreate", 0666), ATTR(NULL, "keycreate", 0666), ATTR(NULL, "sockcreate", 0666), #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SMACK DIR("smack", 0555, proc_smack_attr_dir_inode_ops, proc_smack_attr_dir_ops), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_APPARMOR DIR("apparmor", 0555, proc_apparmor_attr_dir_inode_ops, proc_apparmor_attr_dir_ops), #endif }; static int proc_attr_dir_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return proc_pident_readdir(file, ctx, attr_dir_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(attr_dir_stuff)); } static const struct file_operations proc_attr_dir_operations = { .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = proc_attr_dir_readdir, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static struct dentry *proc_attr_dir_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry, attr_dir_stuff, attr_dir_stuff + ARRAY_SIZE(attr_dir_stuff)); } static const struct inode_operations proc_attr_dir_inode_operations = { .lookup = proc_attr_dir_lookup, .getattr = pid_getattr, .setattr = proc_setattr, }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE static ssize_t proc_coredump_filter_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); struct mm_struct *mm; char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF]; size_t len; int ret; if (!task) return -ESRCH; ret = 0; mm = get_task_mm(task); if (mm) { len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%08lx\n", ((mm->flags & MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK) >> MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT)); mmput(mm); ret = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len); } put_task_struct(task); return ret; } static ssize_t proc_coredump_filter_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct task_struct *task; struct mm_struct *mm; unsigned int val; int ret; int i; unsigned long mask; ret = kstrtouint_from_user(buf, count, 0, &val); if (ret < 0) return ret; ret = -ESRCH; task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file)); if (!task) goto out_no_task; mm = get_task_mm(task); if (!mm) goto out_no_mm; ret = 0; for (i = 0, mask = 1; i < MMF_DUMP_FILTER_BITS; i++, mask <<= 1) { if (val & mask) set_bit(i + MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT, &mm->flags); else clear_bit(i + MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT, &mm->flags); } mmput(mm); out_no_mm: put_task_struct(task); out_no_task: if (ret < 0) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations proc_coredump_filter_operations = { .read = proc_coredump_filter_read, .write = proc_coredump_filter_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING static int do_io_accounting(struct task_struct *task, struct seq_file *m, int whole) { struct task_io_accounting acct = task->ioac; unsigned long flags; int result; result = down_read_killable(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); if (result) return result; if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS)) { result = -EACCES; goto out_unlock; } if (whole && lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) { struct task_struct *t = task; task_io_accounting_add(&acct, &task->signal->ioac); while_each_thread(task, t) task_io_accounting_add(&acct, &t->ioac); unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags); } seq_printf(m, "rchar: %llu\n" "wchar: %llu\n" "syscr: %llu\n" "syscw: %llu\n" "read_bytes: %llu\n" "write_bytes: %llu\n" "cancelled_write_bytes: %llu\n", (unsigned long long)acct.rchar, (unsigned long long)acct.wchar, (unsigned long long)acct.syscr, (unsigned long long)acct.syscw, (unsigned long long)acct.read_bytes, (unsigned long long)acct.write_bytes, (unsigned long long)acct.cancelled_write_bytes); result = 0; out_unlock: up_read(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); return result; } static int proc_tid_io_accounting(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { return do_io_accounting(task, m, 0); } static int proc_tgid_io_accounting(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { return do_io_accounting(task, m, 1); } #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING */ #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS static int proc_id_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, const struct seq_operations *seq_ops) { struct user_namespace *ns = NULL; struct task_struct *task; struct seq_file *seq; int ret = -EINVAL; task = get_proc_task(inode); if (task) { rcu_read_lock(); ns = get_user_ns(task_cred_xxx(task, user_ns)); rcu_read_unlock(); put_task_struct(task); } if (!ns) goto err; ret = seq_open(file, seq_ops); if (ret) goto err_put_ns; seq = file->private_data; seq->private = ns; return 0; err_put_ns: put_user_ns(ns); err: return ret; } static int proc_id_map_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; put_user_ns(ns); return seq_release(inode, file); } static int proc_uid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_uid_seq_operations); } static int proc_gid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_gid_seq_operations); } static int proc_projid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_projid_seq_operations); } static const struct file_operations proc_uid_map_operations = { .open = proc_uid_map_open, .write = proc_uid_map_write, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = proc_id_map_release, }; static const struct file_operations proc_gid_map_operations = { .open = proc_gid_map_open, .write = proc_gid_map_write, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = proc_id_map_release, }; static const struct file_operations proc_projid_map_operations = { .open = proc_projid_map_open, .write = proc_projid_map_write, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = proc_id_map_release, }; static int proc_setgroups_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct user_namespace *ns = NULL; struct task_struct *task; int ret; ret = -ESRCH; task = get_proc_task(inode); if (task) { rcu_read_lock(); ns = get_user_ns(task_cred_xxx(task, user_ns)); rcu_read_unlock(); put_task_struct(task); } if (!ns) goto err; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) { ret = -EACCES; if (!ns_capable(ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) goto err_put_ns; } ret = single_open(file, &proc_setgroups_show, ns); if (ret) goto err_put_ns; return 0; err_put_ns: put_user_ns(ns); err: return ret; } static int proc_setgroups_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; int ret = single_release(inode, file); put_user_ns(ns); return ret; } static const struct file_operations proc_setgroups_operations = { .open = proc_setgroups_open, .write = proc_setgroups_write, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = proc_setgroups_release, }; #endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */ static int proc_pid_personality(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { int err = lock_trace(task); if (!err) { seq_printf(m, "%08x\n", task->personality); unlock_trace(task); } return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH static int proc_pid_patch_state(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { seq_printf(m, "%d\n", task->patch_state); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */ #ifdef CONFIG_STACKLEAK_METRICS static int proc_stack_depth(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task) { unsigned long prev_depth = THREAD_SIZE - (task->prev_lowest_stack & (THREAD_SIZE - 1)); unsigned long depth = THREAD_SIZE - (task->lowest_stack & (THREAD_SIZE - 1)); seq_printf(m, "previous stack depth: %lu\nstack depth: %lu\n", prev_depth, depth); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_STACKLEAK_METRICS */ /* * Thread groups */ static const struct file_operations proc_task_operations; static const struct inode_operations proc_task_inode_operations; static const struct pid_entry tgid_base_stuff[] = { DIR("task", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_task_inode_operations, proc_task_operations), DIR("fd", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fd_inode_operations, proc_fd_operations), DIR("map_files", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_map_files_inode_operations, proc_map_files_operations), DIR("fdinfo", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fdinfo_inode_operations, proc_fdinfo_operations), DIR("ns", S_IRUSR|S_IXUGO, proc_ns_dir_inode_operations, proc_ns_dir_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_NET DIR("net", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_net_inode_operations, proc_net_operations), #endif REG("environ", S_IRUSR, proc_environ_operations), REG("auxv", S_IRUSR, proc_auxv_operations), ONE("status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_status), ONE("personality", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_personality), ONE("limits", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_limits), #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG REG("sched", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP REG("autogroup", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_autogroup_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TIME_NS REG("timens_offsets", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_timens_offsets_operations), #endif REG("comm", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_set_comm_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK ONE("syscall", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_syscall), #endif REG("cmdline", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_cmdline_ops), ONE("stat", S_IRUGO, proc_tgid_stat), ONE("statm", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_statm), REG("maps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_maps_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA REG("numa_maps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_numa_maps_operations), #endif REG("mem", S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR, proc_mem_operations), LNK("cwd", proc_cwd_link), LNK("root", proc_root_link), LNK("exe", proc_exe_link), REG("mounts", S_IRUGO, proc_mounts_operations), REG("mountinfo", S_IRUGO, proc_mountinfo_operations), REG("mountstats", S_IRUSR, proc_mountstats_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PAGE_MONITOR REG("clear_refs", S_IWUSR, proc_clear_refs_operations), REG("smaps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_operations), REG("smaps_rollup", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_rollup_operations), REG("pagemap", S_IRUSR, proc_pagemap_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY DIR("attr", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_attr_dir_inode_operations, proc_attr_dir_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS ONE("wchan", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_wchan), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE ONE("stack", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_stack), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO ONE("schedstat", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_schedstat), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP REG("latency", S_IRUGO, proc_lstats_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET ONE("cpuset", S_IRUGO, proc_cpuset_show), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS ONE("cgroup", S_IRUGO, proc_cgroup_show), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_CPU_RESCTRL ONE("cpu_resctrl_groups", S_IRUGO, proc_resctrl_show), #endif ONE("oom_score", S_IRUGO, proc_oom_score), REG("oom_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_adj_operations), REG("oom_score_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_score_adj_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT REG("loginuid", S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO, proc_loginuid_operations), REG("sessionid", S_IRUGO, proc_sessionid_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION REG("make-it-fail", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_fault_inject_operations), REG("fail-nth", 0644, proc_fail_nth_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE REG("coredump_filter", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_coredump_filter_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING ONE("io", S_IRUSR, proc_tgid_io_accounting), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS REG("uid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_uid_map_operations), REG("gid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_gid_map_operations), REG("projid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_projid_map_operations), REG("setgroups", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_setgroups_operations), #endif #if defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) && defined(CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS) REG("timers", S_IRUGO, proc_timers_operations), #endif REG("timerslack_ns", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_set_timerslack_ns_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH ONE("patch_state", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_patch_state), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKLEAK_METRICS ONE("stack_depth", S_IRUGO, proc_stack_depth), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS ONE("arch_status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_arch_status), #endif }; static int proc_tgid_base_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return proc_pident_readdir(file, ctx, tgid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff)); } static const struct file_operations proc_tgid_base_operations = { .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = proc_tgid_base_readdir, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file) { if (file->f_op != &proc_tgid_base_operations) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); return proc_pid(file_inode(file)); } static struct dentry *proc_tgid_base_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry, tgid_base_stuff, tgid_base_stuff + ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff)); } static const struct inode_operations proc_tgid_base_inode_operations = { .lookup = proc_tgid_base_lookup, .getattr = pid_getattr, .setattr = proc_setattr, .permission = proc_pid_permission, }; /** * proc_flush_pid - Remove dcache entries for @pid from the /proc dcache. * @pid: pid that should be flushed. * * This function walks a list of inodes (that belong to any proc * filesystem) that are attached to the pid and flushes them from * the dentry cache. * * It is safe and reasonable to cache /proc entries for a task until * that task exits. After that they just clog up the dcache with * useless entries, possibly causing useful dcache entries to be * flushed instead. This routine is provided to flush those useless * dcache entries when a process is reaped. * * NOTE: This routine is just an optimization so it does not guarantee * that no dcache entries will exist after a process is reaped * it just makes it very unlikely that any will persist. */ void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *pid) { proc_invalidate_siblings_dcache(&pid->inodes, &pid->lock); } static struct dentry *proc_pid_instantiate(struct dentry * dentry, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr) { struct inode *inode; inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dentry->d_sb, task, S_IFDIR | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); inode->i_op = &proc_tgid_base_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &proc_tgid_base_operations; inode->i_flags|=S_IMMUTABLE; set_nlink(inode, nlink_tgid); pid_update_inode(task, inode); d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations); return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry); } struct dentry *proc_pid_lookup(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct task_struct *task; unsigned tgid; struct proc_fs_info *fs_info; struct pid_namespace *ns; struct dentry *result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); tgid = name_to_int(&dentry->d_name); if (tgid == ~0U) goto out; fs_info = proc_sb_info(dentry->d_sb); ns = fs_info->pid_ns; rcu_read_lock(); task = find_task_by_pid_ns(tgid, ns); if (task) get_task_struct(task); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!task) goto out; /* Limit procfs to only ptraceable tasks */ if (fs_info->hide_pid == HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE) { if (!has_pid_permissions(fs_info, task, HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS)) goto out_put_task; } result = proc_pid_instantiate(dentry, task, NULL); out_put_task: put_task_struct(task); out: return result; } /* * Find the first task with tgid >= tgid * */ struct tgid_iter { unsigned int tgid; struct task_struct *task; }; static struct tgid_iter next_tgid(struct pid_namespace *ns, struct tgid_iter iter) { struct pid *pid; if (iter.task) put_task_struct(iter.task); rcu_read_lock(); retry: iter.task = NULL; pid = find_ge_pid(iter.tgid, ns); if (pid) { iter.tgid = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns); iter.task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_TGID); if (!iter.task) { iter.tgid += 1; goto retry; } get_task_struct(iter.task); } rcu_read_unlock(); return iter; } #define TGID_OFFSET (FIRST_PROCESS_ENTRY + 2) /* for the /proc/ directory itself, after non-process stuff has been done */ int proc_pid_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { struct tgid_iter iter; struct proc_fs_info *fs_info = proc_sb_info(file_inode(file)->i_sb); struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(file_inode(file)->i_sb); loff_t pos = ctx->pos; if (pos >= PID_MAX_LIMIT + TGID_OFFSET) return 0; if (pos == TGID_OFFSET - 2) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(fs_info->proc_self); if (!dir_emit(ctx, "self", 4, inode->i_ino, DT_LNK)) return 0; ctx->pos = pos = pos + 1; } if (pos == TGID_OFFSET - 1) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(fs_info->proc_thread_self); if (!dir_emit(ctx, "thread-self", 11, inode->i_ino, DT_LNK)) return 0; ctx->pos = pos = pos + 1; } iter.tgid = pos - TGID_OFFSET; iter.task = NULL; for (iter = next_tgid(ns, iter); iter.task; iter.tgid += 1, iter = next_tgid(ns, iter)) { char name[10 + 1]; unsigned int len; cond_resched(); if (!has_pid_permissions(fs_info, iter.task, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE)) continue; len = snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%u", iter.tgid); ctx->pos = iter.tgid + TGID_OFFSET; if (!proc_fill_cache(file, ctx, name, len, proc_pid_instantiate, iter.task, NULL)) { put_task_struct(iter.task); return 0; } } ctx->pos = PID_MAX_LIMIT + TGID_OFFSET; return 0; } /* * proc_tid_comm_permission is a special permission function exclusively * used for the node /proc/<pid>/task/<tid>/comm. * It bypasses generic permission checks in the case where a task of the same * task group attempts to access the node. * The rationale behind this is that glibc and bionic access this node for * cross thread naming (pthread_set/getname_np(!self)). However, if * PR_SET_DUMPABLE gets set to 0 this node among others becomes uid=0 gid=0, * which locks out the cross thread naming implementation. * This function makes sure that the node is always accessible for members of * same thread group. */ static int proc_tid_comm_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { bool is_same_tgroup; struct task_struct *task; task = get_proc_task(inode); if (!task) return -ESRCH; is_same_tgroup = same_thread_group(current, task); put_task_struct(task); if (likely(is_same_tgroup && !(mask & MAY_EXEC))) { /* This file (/proc/<pid>/task/<tid>/comm) can always be * read or written by the members of the corresponding * thread group. */ return 0; } return generic_permission(inode, mask); } static const struct inode_operations proc_tid_comm_inode_operations = { .permission = proc_tid_comm_permission, }; /* * Tasks */ static const struct pid_entry tid_base_stuff[] = { DIR("fd", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fd_inode_operations, proc_fd_operations), DIR("fdinfo", S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fdinfo_inode_operations, proc_fdinfo_operations), DIR("ns", S_IRUSR|S_IXUGO, proc_ns_dir_inode_operations, proc_ns_dir_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_NET DIR("net", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_net_inode_operations, proc_net_operations), #endif REG("environ", S_IRUSR, proc_environ_operations), REG("auxv", S_IRUSR, proc_auxv_operations), ONE("status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_status), ONE("personality", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_personality), ONE("limits", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_limits), #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG REG("sched", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_operations), #endif NOD("comm", S_IFREG|S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, &proc_tid_comm_inode_operations, &proc_pid_set_comm_operations, {}), #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK ONE("syscall", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_syscall), #endif REG("cmdline", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_cmdline_ops), ONE("stat", S_IRUGO, proc_tid_stat), ONE("statm", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_statm), REG("maps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_maps_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_CHILDREN REG("children", S_IRUGO, proc_tid_children_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA REG("numa_maps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_numa_maps_operations), #endif REG("mem", S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR, proc_mem_operations), LNK("cwd", proc_cwd_link), LNK("root", proc_root_link), LNK("exe", proc_exe_link), REG("mounts", S_IRUGO, proc_mounts_operations), REG("mountinfo", S_IRUGO, proc_mountinfo_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PAGE_MONITOR REG("clear_refs", S_IWUSR, proc_clear_refs_operations), REG("smaps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_operations), REG("smaps_rollup", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_rollup_operations), REG("pagemap", S_IRUSR, proc_pagemap_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY DIR("attr", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_attr_dir_inode_operations, proc_attr_dir_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS ONE("wchan", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_wchan), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE ONE("stack", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_stack), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO ONE("schedstat", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_schedstat), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP REG("latency", S_IRUGO, proc_lstats_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET ONE("cpuset", S_IRUGO, proc_cpuset_show), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS ONE("cgroup", S_IRUGO, proc_cgroup_show), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_CPU_RESCTRL ONE("cpu_resctrl_groups", S_IRUGO, proc_resctrl_show), #endif ONE("oom_score", S_IRUGO, proc_oom_score), REG("oom_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_adj_operations), REG("oom_score_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_score_adj_operations), #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT REG("loginuid", S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO, proc_loginuid_operations), REG("sessionid", S_IRUGO, proc_sessionid_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION REG("make-it-fail", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_fault_inject_operations), REG("fail-nth", 0644, proc_fail_nth_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING ONE("io", S_IRUSR, proc_tid_io_accounting), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS REG("uid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_uid_map_operations), REG("gid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_gid_map_operations), REG("projid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_projid_map_operations), REG("setgroups", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_setgroups_operations), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH ONE("patch_state", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_patch_state), #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS ONE("arch_status", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_arch_status), #endif }; static int proc_tid_base_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return proc_pident_readdir(file, ctx, tid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tid_base_stuff)); } static struct dentry *proc_tid_base_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry, tid_base_stuff, tid_base_stuff + ARRAY_SIZE(tid_base_stuff)); } static const struct file_operations proc_tid_base_operations = { .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = proc_tid_base_readdir, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static const struct inode_operations proc_tid_base_inode_operations = { .lookup = proc_tid_base_lookup, .getattr = pid_getattr, .setattr = proc_setattr, }; static struct dentry *proc_task_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr) { struct inode *inode; inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dentry->d_sb, task, S_IFDIR | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); inode->i_op = &proc_tid_base_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &proc_tid_base_operations; inode->i_flags |= S_IMMUTABLE; set_nlink(inode, nlink_tid); pid_update_inode(task, inode); d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations); return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry); } static struct dentry *proc_task_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry * dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct task_struct *task; struct task_struct *leader = get_proc_task(dir); unsigned tid; struct proc_fs_info *fs_info; struct pid_namespace *ns; struct dentry *result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); if (!leader) goto out_no_task; tid = name_to_int(&dentry->d_name); if (tid == ~0U) goto out; fs_info = proc_sb_info(dentry->d_sb); ns = fs_info->pid_ns; rcu_read_lock(); task = find_task_by_pid_ns(tid, ns); if (task) get_task_struct(task); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!task) goto out; if (!same_thread_group(leader, task)) goto out_drop_task; result = proc_task_instantiate(dentry, task, NULL); out_drop_task: put_task_struct(task); out: put_task_struct(leader); out_no_task: return result; } /* * Find the first tid of a thread group to return to user space. * * Usually this is just the thread group leader, but if the users * buffer was too small or there was a seek into the middle of the * directory we have more work todo. * * In the case of a short read we start with find_task_by_pid. * * In the case of a seek we start with the leader and walk nr * threads past it. */ static struct task_struct *first_tid(struct pid *pid, int tid, loff_t f_pos, struct pid_namespace *ns) { struct task_struct *pos, *task; unsigned long nr = f_pos; if (nr != f_pos) /* 32bit overflow? */ return NULL; rcu_read_lock(); task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID); if (!task) goto fail; /* Attempt to start with the tid of a thread */ if (tid && nr) { pos = find_task_by_pid_ns(tid, ns); if (pos && same_thread_group(pos, task)) goto found; } /* If nr exceeds the number of threads there is nothing todo */ if (nr >= get_nr_threads(task)) goto fail; /* If we haven't found our starting place yet start * with the leader and walk nr threads forward. */ pos = task = task->group_leader; do { if (!nr--) goto found; } while_each_thread(task, pos); fail: pos = NULL; goto out; found: get_task_struct(pos); out: rcu_read_unlock(); return pos; } /* * Find the next thread in the thread list. * Return NULL if there is an error or no next thread. * * The reference to the input task_struct is released. */ static struct task_struct *next_tid(struct task_struct *start) { struct task_struct *pos = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); if (pid_alive(start)) { pos = next_thread(start); if (thread_group_leader(pos)) pos = NULL; else get_task_struct(pos); } rcu_read_unlock(); put_task_struct(start); return pos; } /* for the /proc/TGID/task/ directories */ static int proc_task_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct task_struct *task; struct pid_namespace *ns; int tid; if (proc_inode_is_dead(inode)) return -ENOENT; if (!dir_emit_dots(file, ctx)) return 0; /* f_version caches the tgid value that the last readdir call couldn't * return. lseek aka telldir automagically resets f_version to 0. */ ns = proc_pid_ns(inode->i_sb); tid = (int)file->f_version; file->f_version = 0; for (task = first_tid(proc_pid(inode), tid, ctx->pos - 2, ns); task; task = next_tid(task), ctx->pos++) { char name[10 + 1]; unsigned int len; tid = task_pid_nr_ns(task, ns); len = snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%u", tid); if (!proc_fill_cache(file, ctx, name, len, proc_task_instantiate, task, NULL)) { /* returning this tgid failed, save it as the first * pid for the next readir call */ file->f_version = (u64)tid; put_task_struct(task); break; } } return 0; } static int proc_task_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); struct task_struct *p = get_proc_task(inode); generic_fillattr(inode, stat); if (p) { stat->nlink += get_nr_threads(p); put_task_struct(p); } return 0; } static const struct inode_operations proc_task_inode_operations = { .lookup = proc_task_lookup, .getattr = proc_task_getattr, .setattr = proc_setattr, .permission = proc_pid_permission, }; static const struct file_operations proc_task_operations = { .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = proc_task_readdir, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; void __init set_proc_pid_nlink(void) { nlink_tid = pid_entry_nlink(tid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tid_base_stuff)); nlink_tgid = pid_entry_nlink(tgid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff)); }
17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _LINUX_KPROBES_H #define _LINUX_KPROBES_H /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * include/linux/kprobes.h * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation ( includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com> and Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <asm/kprobes.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES /* kprobe_status settings */ #define KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE 0x00000001 #define KPROBE_HIT_SS 0x00000002 #define KPROBE_REENTER 0x00000004 #define KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE 0x00000008 #else /* CONFIG_KPROBES */ #include <asm-generic/kprobes.h> typedef int kprobe_opcode_t; struct arch_specific_insn { int dummy; }; #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES */ struct kprobe; struct pt_regs; struct kretprobe; struct kretprobe_instance; typedef int (*kprobe_pre_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *); typedef void (*kprobe_post_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *, unsigned long flags); typedef int (*kprobe_fault_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *, int trapnr); typedef int (*kretprobe_handler_t) (struct kretprobe_instance *, struct pt_regs *); struct kprobe { struct hlist_node hlist; /* list of kprobes for multi-handler support */ struct list_head list; /*count the number of times this probe was temporarily disarmed */ unsigned long nmissed; /* location of the probe point */ kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Allow user to indicate symbol name of the probe point */ const char *symbol_name; /* Offset into the symbol */ unsigned int offset; /* Called before addr is executed. */ kprobe_pre_handler_t pre_handler; /* Called after addr is executed, unless... */ kprobe_post_handler_t post_handler; /* * ... called if executing addr causes a fault (eg. page fault). * Return 1 if it handled fault, otherwise kernel will see it. */ kprobe_fault_handler_t fault_handler; /* Saved opcode (which has been replaced with breakpoint) */ kprobe_opcode_t opcode; /* copy of the original instruction */ struct arch_specific_insn ainsn; /* * Indicates various status flags. * Protected by kprobe_mutex after this kprobe is registered. */ u32 flags; }; /* Kprobe status flags */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_GONE 1 /* breakpoint has already gone */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED 2 /* probe is temporarily disabled */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED 4 /* * probe is really optimized. * NOTE: * this flag is only for optimized_kprobe. */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE 8 /* probe is using ftrace */ /* Has this kprobe gone ? */ static inline int kprobe_gone(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; } /* Is this kprobe disabled ? */ static inline int kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & (KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED | KPROBE_FLAG_GONE); } /* Is this kprobe really running optimized path ? */ static inline int kprobe_optimized(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Is this kprobe uses ftrace ? */ static inline int kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; } /* * Function-return probe - * Note: * User needs to provide a handler function, and initialize maxactive. * maxactive - The maximum number of instances of the probed function that * can be active concurrently. * nmissed - tracks the number of times the probed function's return was * ignored, due to maxactive being too low. * */ struct kretprobe { struct kprobe kp; kretprobe_handler_t handler; kretprobe_handler_t entry_handler; int maxactive; int nmissed; size_t data_size; struct hlist_head free_instances; raw_spinlock_t lock; }; struct kretprobe_instance { union { struct hlist_node hlist; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct kretprobe *rp; kprobe_opcode_t *ret_addr; struct task_struct *task; void *fp; char data[]; }; struct kretprobe_blackpoint { const char *name; void *addr; }; struct kprobe_blacklist_entry { struct list_head list; unsigned long start_addr; unsigned long end_addr; }; #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, current_kprobe); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe_ctlblk, kprobe_ctlblk); /* * For #ifdef avoidance: */ static inline int kprobes_built_in(void) { return 1; } extern void kprobe_busy_begin(void); extern void kprobe_busy_end(void); #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES extern void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); /* If the trampoline handler called from a kprobe, use this version */ unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer); static nokprobe_inline unsigned long kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { unsigned long ret; /* * Set a dummy kprobe for avoiding kretprobe recursion. * Since kretprobe never runs in kprobe handler, no kprobe must * be running at this point. */ kprobe_busy_begin(); ret = __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(regs, trampoline_address, frame_pointer); kprobe_busy_end(); return ret; } #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ static inline void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ extern struct kretprobe_blackpoint kretprobe_blacklist[]; #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_SANITY_TEST extern int init_test_probes(void); #else static inline int init_test_probes(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES_SANITY_TEST */ extern int arch_prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); extern void arch_arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); extern void arch_disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); extern int arch_init_kprobes(void); extern void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p); extern bool arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr); extern int arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void); extern bool arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset); extern int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset); extern bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr); extern int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry); extern int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct kprobe_insn_cache { struct mutex mutex; void *(*alloc)(void); /* allocate insn page */ void (*free)(void *); /* free insn page */ const char *sym; /* symbol for insn pages */ struct list_head pages; /* list of kprobe_insn_page */ size_t insn_size; /* size of instruction slot */ int nr_garbage; }; #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT extern kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); extern void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty); /* sleep-less address checking routine */ extern bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr); #define DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(__name) \ extern struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_##__name##_slots; \ \ static inline kprobe_opcode_t *get_##__name##_slot(void) \ { \ return __get_insn_slot(&kprobe_##__name##_slots); \ } \ \ static inline void free_##__name##_slot(kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty)\ { \ __free_insn_slot(&kprobe_##__name##_slots, slot, dirty); \ } \ \ static inline bool is_kprobe_##__name##_slot(unsigned long addr) \ { \ return __is_insn_slot_addr(&kprobe_##__name##_slots, addr); \ } #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM "kprobe_insn_page" #define KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM "kprobe_optinsn_page" int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym); #else /* __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT */ #define DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(__name) \ stat