1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2014 Felix Fietkau <nbd@nbd.name> * Copyright (C) 2004 - 2009 Ivo van Doorn <IvDoorn@gmail.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_BITFIELD_H #define _LINUX_BITFIELD_H #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* * Bitfield access macros * * FIELD_{GET,PREP} macros take as first parameter shifted mask * from which they extract the base mask and shift amount. * Mask must be a compilation time constant. * * Example: * * #define REG_FIELD_A GENMASK(6, 0) * #define REG_FIELD_B BIT(7) * #define REG_FIELD_C GENMASK(15, 8) * #define REG_FIELD_D GENMASK(31, 16) * * Get: * a = FIELD_GET(REG_FIELD_A, reg); * b = FIELD_GET(REG_FIELD_B, reg); * * Set: * reg = FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_A, 1) | * FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_B, 0) | * FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_C, c) | * FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_D, 0x40); * * Modify: * reg &= ~REG_FIELD_C; * reg |= FIELD_PREP(REG_FIELD_C, c); */ #define __bf_shf(x) (__builtin_ffsll(x) - 1) #define __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, _reg, _val, _pfx) \ ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__builtin_constant_p(_mask), \ _pfx "mask is not constant"); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG((_mask) == 0, _pfx "mask is zero"); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(_val) ? \ ~((_mask) >> __bf_shf(_mask)) & (_val) : 0, \ _pfx "value too large for the field"); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG((_mask) > (typeof(_reg))~0ull, \ _pfx "type of reg too small for mask"); \ __BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2((_mask) + \ (1ULL << __bf_shf(_mask))); \ }) /** * FIELD_MAX() - produce the maximum value representable by a field * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * * FIELD_MAX() returns the maximum value that can be held in the field * specified by @_mask. */ #define FIELD_MAX(_mask) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, 0ULL, 0ULL, "FIELD_MAX: "); \ (typeof(_mask))((_mask) >> __bf_shf(_mask)); \ }) /** * FIELD_FIT() - check if value fits in the field * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * @_val: value to test against the field * * Return: true if @_val can fit inside @_mask, false if @_val is too big. */ #define FIELD_FIT(_mask, _val) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, 0ULL, 0ULL, "FIELD_FIT: "); \ !((((typeof(_mask))_val) << __bf_shf(_mask)) & ~(_mask)); \ }) /** * FIELD_PREP() - prepare a bitfield element * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * @_val: value to put in the field * * FIELD_PREP() masks and shifts up the value. The result should * be combined with other fields of the bitfield using logical OR. */ #define FIELD_PREP(_mask, _val) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, 0ULL, _val, "FIELD_PREP: "); \ ((typeof(_mask))(_val) << __bf_shf(_mask)) & (_mask); \ }) /** * FIELD_GET() - extract a bitfield element * @_mask: shifted mask defining the field's length and position * @_reg: value of entire bitfield * * FIELD_GET() extracts the field specified by @_mask from the * bitfield passed in as @_reg by masking and shifting it down. */ #define FIELD_GET(_mask, _reg) \ ({ \ __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, _reg, 0U, "FIELD_GET: "); \ (typeof(_mask))(((_reg) & (_mask)) >> __bf_shf(_mask)); \ }) extern void __compiletime_error("value doesn't fit into mask") __field_overflow(void); extern void __compiletime_error("bad bitfield mask") __bad_mask(void); static __always_inline u64 field_multiplier(u64 field) { if ((field | (field - 1)) & ((field | (field - 1)) + 1)) __bad_mask(); return field & -field; } static __always_inline u64 field_mask(u64 field) { return field / field_multiplier(field); } #define field_max(field) ((typeof(field))field_mask(field)) #define ____MAKE_OP(type,base,to,from) \ static __always_inline __##type type##_encode_bits(base v, base field) \ { \ if (__builtin_constant_p(v) && (v & ~field_mask(field))) \ __field_overflow(); \ return to((v & field_mask(field)) * field_multiplier(field)); \ } \ static __always_inline __##type type##_replace_bits(__##type old, \ base val, base field) \ { \ return (old & ~to(field)) | type##_encode_bits(val, field); \ } \ static __always_inline void type##p_replace_bits(__##type *p, \ base val, base field) \ { \ *p = (*p & ~to(field)) | type##_encode_bits(val, field); \ } \ static __always_inline base type##_get_bits(__##type v, base field) \ { \ return (from(v) & field)/field_multiplier(field); \ } #define __MAKE_OP(size) \ ____MAKE_OP(le##size,u##size,cpu_to_le##size,le##size##_to_cpu) \ ____MAKE_OP(be##size,u##size,cpu_to_be##size,be##size##_to_cpu) \ ____MAKE_OP(u##size,u##size,,) ____MAKE_OP(u8,u8,,) __MAKE_OP(16) __MAKE_OP(32) __MAKE_OP(64) #undef __MAKE_OP #undef ____MAKE_OP #endif
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3602 3603 3604 3605 3606 3607 3608 3609 3610 3611 3612 3613 3614 3615 3616 3617 3618 3619 3620 3621 3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * ROUTE - implementation of the IP router. * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * Linus Torvalds, <Linus.Torvalds@helsinki.fi> * Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Verify area fixes. * Alan Cox : cli() protects routing changes * Rui Oliveira : ICMP routing table updates * (rco@di.uminho.pt) Routing table insertion and update * Linus Torvalds : Rewrote bits to be sensible * Alan Cox : Added BSD route gw semantics * Alan Cox : Super /proc >4K * Alan Cox : MTU in route table * Alan Cox : MSS actually. Also added the window * clamper. * Sam Lantinga : Fixed route matching in rt_del() * Alan Cox : Routing cache support. * Alan Cox : Removed compatibility cruft. * Alan Cox : RTF_REJECT support. * Alan Cox : TCP irtt support. * Jonathan Naylor : Added Metric support. * Miquel van Smoorenburg : BSD API fixes. * Miquel van Smoorenburg : Metrics. * Alan Cox : Use __u32 properly * Alan Cox : Aligned routing errors more closely with BSD * our system is still very different. * Alan Cox : Faster /proc handling * Alexey Kuznetsov : Massive rework to support tree based routing, * routing caches and better behaviour. * * Olaf Erb : irtt wasn't being copied right. * Bjorn Ekwall : Kerneld route support. * Alan Cox : Multicast fixed (I hope) * Pavel Krauz : Limited broadcast fixed * Mike McLagan : Routing by source * Alexey Kuznetsov : End of old history. Split to fib.c and * route.c and rewritten from scratch. * Andi Kleen : Load-limit warning messages. * Vitaly E. Lavrov : Transparent proxy revived after year coma. * Vitaly E. Lavrov : Race condition in ip_route_input_slow. * Tobias Ringstrom : Uninitialized res.type in ip_route_output_slow. * Vladimir V. Ivanov : IP rule info (flowid) is really useful. * Marc Boucher : routing by fwmark * Robert Olsson : Added rt_cache statistics * Arnaldo C. Melo : Convert proc stuff to seq_file * Eric Dumazet : hashed spinlocks and rt_check_expire() fixes. * Ilia Sotnikov : Ignore TOS on PMTUD and Redirect * Ilia Sotnikov : Removed TOS from hash calculations */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) "IPv4: " fmt #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/sockios.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/inet.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/inetdevice.h> #include <linux/igmp.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <linux/mroute.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/times.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/dst_metadata.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/inetpeer.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/nexthop.h> #include <net/arp.h> #include <net/tcp.h> #include <net/icmp.h> #include <net/xfrm.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #include <net/netevent.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL #include <linux/sysctl.h> #endif #include <net/secure_seq.h> #include <net/ip_tunnels.h> #include <net/l3mdev.h> #include "fib_lookup.h" #define RT_FL_TOS(oldflp4) \ ((oldflp4)->flowi4_tos & (IPTOS_RT_MASK | RTO_ONLINK)) #define RT_GC_TIMEOUT (300*HZ) static int ip_rt_max_size; static int ip_rt_redirect_number __read_mostly = 9; static int ip_rt_redirect_load __read_mostly = HZ / 50; static int ip_rt_redirect_silence __read_mostly = ((HZ / 50) << (9 + 1)); static int ip_rt_error_cost __read_mostly = HZ; static int ip_rt_error_burst __read_mostly = 5 * HZ; static int ip_rt_mtu_expires __read_mostly = 10 * 60 * HZ; static u32 ip_rt_min_pmtu __read_mostly = 512 + 20 + 20; static int ip_rt_min_advmss __read_mostly = 256; static int ip_rt_gc_timeout __read_mostly = RT_GC_TIMEOUT; /* * Interface to generic destination cache. */ static struct dst_entry *ipv4_dst_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie); static unsigned int ipv4_default_advmss(const struct dst_entry *dst); static unsigned int ipv4_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst); static struct dst_entry *ipv4_negative_advice(struct dst_entry *dst); static void ipv4_link_failure(struct sk_buff *skb); static void ip_rt_update_pmtu(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); static void ip_do_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static void ipv4_dst_destroy(struct dst_entry *dst); static u32 *ipv4_cow_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old) { WARN_ON(1); return NULL; } static struct neighbour *ipv4_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); static void ipv4_confirm_neigh(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr); static struct dst_ops ipv4_dst_ops = { .family = AF_INET, .check = ipv4_dst_check, .default_advmss = ipv4_default_advmss, .mtu = ipv4_mtu, .cow_metrics = ipv4_cow_metrics, .destroy = ipv4_dst_destroy, .negative_advice = ipv4_negative_advice, .link_failure = ipv4_link_failure, .update_pmtu = ip_rt_update_pmtu, .redirect = ip_do_redirect, .local_out = __ip_local_out, .neigh_lookup = ipv4_neigh_lookup, .confirm_neigh = ipv4_confirm_neigh, }; #define ECN_OR_COST(class) TC_PRIO_##class const __u8 ip_tos2prio[16] = { TC_PRIO_BESTEFFORT, ECN_OR_COST(BESTEFFORT), TC_PRIO_BESTEFFORT, ECN_OR_COST(BESTEFFORT), TC_PRIO_BULK, ECN_OR_COST(BULK), TC_PRIO_BULK, ECN_OR_COST(BULK), TC_PRIO_INTERACTIVE, ECN_OR_COST(INTERACTIVE), TC_PRIO_INTERACTIVE, ECN_OR_COST(INTERACTIVE), TC_PRIO_INTERACTIVE_BULK, ECN_OR_COST(INTERACTIVE_BULK), TC_PRIO_INTERACTIVE_BULK, ECN_OR_COST(INTERACTIVE_BULK) }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_tos2prio); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rt_cache_stat, rt_cache_stat); #define RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(field) raw_cpu_inc(rt_cache_stat.field) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static void *rt_cache_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { if (*pos) return NULL; return SEQ_START_TOKEN; } static void *rt_cache_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { ++*pos; return NULL; } static void rt_cache_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { } static int rt_cache_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN) seq_printf(seq, "%-127s\n", "Iface\tDestination\tGateway \tFlags\t\tRefCnt\tUse\t" "Metric\tSource\t\tMTU\tWindow\tIRTT\tTOS\tHHRef\t" "HHUptod\tSpecDst"); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations rt_cache_seq_ops = { .start = rt_cache_seq_start, .next = rt_cache_seq_next, .stop = rt_cache_seq_stop, .show = rt_cache_seq_show, }; static int rt_cache_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return seq_open(file, &rt_cache_seq_ops); } static const struct proc_ops rt_cache_proc_ops = { .proc_open = rt_cache_seq_open, .proc_read = seq_read, .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, .proc_release = seq_release, }; static void *rt_cpu_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { int cpu; if (*pos == 0) return SEQ_START_TOKEN; for (cpu = *pos-1; cpu < nr_cpu_ids; ++cpu) { if (!cpu_possible(cpu)) continue; *pos = cpu+1; return &per_cpu(rt_cache_stat, cpu); } return NULL; } static void *rt_cpu_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { int cpu; for (cpu = *pos; cpu < nr_cpu_ids; ++cpu) { if (!cpu_possible(cpu)) continue; *pos = cpu+1; return &per_cpu(rt_cache_stat, cpu); } (*pos)++; return NULL; } static void rt_cpu_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { } static int rt_cpu_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct rt_cache_stat *st = v; if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN) { seq_printf(seq, "entries in_hit in_slow_tot in_slow_mc in_no_route in_brd in_martian_dst in_martian_src out_hit out_slow_tot out_slow_mc gc_total gc_ignored gc_goal_miss gc_dst_overflow in_hlist_search out_hlist_search\n"); return 0; } seq_printf(seq,"%08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x " " %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x \n", dst_entries_get_slow(&ipv4_dst_ops), 0, /* st->in_hit */ st->in_slow_tot, st->in_slow_mc, st->in_no_route, st->in_brd, st->in_martian_dst, st->in_martian_src, 0, /* st->out_hit */ st->out_slow_tot, st->out_slow_mc, 0, /* st->gc_total */ 0, /* st->gc_ignored */ 0, /* st->gc_goal_miss */ 0, /* st->gc_dst_overflow */ 0, /* st->in_hlist_search */ 0 /* st->out_hlist_search */ ); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations rt_cpu_seq_ops = { .start = rt_cpu_seq_start, .next = rt_cpu_seq_next, .stop = rt_cpu_seq_stop, .show = rt_cpu_seq_show, }; static int rt_cpu_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return seq_open(file, &rt_cpu_seq_ops); } static const struct proc_ops rt_cpu_proc_ops = { .proc_open = rt_cpu_seq_open, .proc_read = seq_read, .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, .proc_release = seq_release, }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID static int rt_acct_proc_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct ip_rt_acct *dst, *src; unsigned int i, j; dst = kcalloc(256, sizeof(struct ip_rt_acct), GFP_KERNEL); if (!dst) return -ENOMEM; for_each_possible_cpu(i) { src = (struct ip_rt_acct *)per_cpu_ptr(ip_rt_acct, i); for (j = 0; j < 256; j++) { dst[j].o_bytes += src[j].o_bytes; dst[j].o_packets += src[j].o_packets; dst[j].i_bytes += src[j].i_bytes; dst[j].i_packets += src[j].i_packets; } } seq_write(m, dst, 256 * sizeof(struct ip_rt_acct)); kfree(dst); return 0; } #endif static int __net_init ip_rt_do_proc_init(struct net *net) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde; pde = proc_create("rt_cache", 0444, net->proc_net, &rt_cache_proc_ops); if (!pde) goto err1; pde = proc_create("rt_cache", 0444, net->proc_net_stat, &rt_cpu_proc_ops); if (!pde) goto err2; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID pde = proc_create_single("rt_acct", 0, net->proc_net, rt_acct_proc_show); if (!pde) goto err3; #endif return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID err3: remove_proc_entry("rt_cache", net->proc_net_stat); #endif err2: remove_proc_entry("rt_cache", net->proc_net); err1: return -ENOMEM; } static void __net_exit ip_rt_do_proc_exit(struct net *net) { remove_proc_entry("rt_cache", net->proc_net_stat); remove_proc_entry("rt_cache", net->proc_net); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID remove_proc_entry("rt_acct", net->proc_net); #endif } static struct pernet_operations ip_rt_proc_ops __net_initdata = { .init = ip_rt_do_proc_init, .exit = ip_rt_do_proc_exit, }; static int __init ip_rt_proc_init(void) { return register_pernet_subsys(&ip_rt_proc_ops); } #else static inline int ip_rt_proc_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ static inline bool rt_is_expired(const struct rtable *rth) { return rth->rt_genid != rt_genid_ipv4(dev_net(rth->dst.dev)); } void rt_cache_flush(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); } static struct neighbour *ipv4_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr) { const struct rtable *rt = container_of(dst, struct rtable, dst); struct net_device *dev = dst->dev; struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); if (likely(rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET)) { n = ip_neigh_gw4(dev, rt->rt_gw4); } else if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET6) { n = ip_neigh_gw6(dev, &rt->rt_gw6); } else { __be32 pkey; pkey = skb ? ip_hdr(skb)->daddr : *((__be32 *) daddr); n = ip_neigh_gw4(dev, pkey); } if (!IS_ERR(n) && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&n->refcnt)) n = NULL; rcu_read_unlock_bh(); return n; } static void ipv4_confirm_neigh(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { const struct rtable *rt = container_of(dst, struct rtable, dst); struct net_device *dev = dst->dev; const __be32 *pkey = daddr; if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET) { pkey = (const __be32 *)&rt->rt_gw4; } else if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET6) { return __ipv6_confirm_neigh_stub(dev, &rt->rt_gw6); } else if (!daddr || (rt->rt_flags & (RTCF_MULTICAST | RTCF_BROADCAST | RTCF_LOCAL))) { return; } __ipv4_confirm_neigh(dev, *(__force u32 *)pkey); } /* Hash tables of size 2048..262144 depending on RAM size. * Each bucket uses 8 bytes. */ static u32 ip_idents_mask __read_mostly; static atomic_t *ip_idents __read_mostly; static u32 *ip_tstamps __read_mostly; /* In order to protect privacy, we add a perturbation to identifiers * if one generator is seldom used. This makes hard for an attacker * to infer how many packets were sent between two points in time. */ u32 ip_idents_reserve(u32 hash, int segs) { u32 bucket, old, now = (u32)jiffies; atomic_t *p_id; u32 *p_tstamp; u32 delta = 0; bucket = hash & ip_idents_mask; p_tstamp = ip_tstamps + bucket; p_id = ip_idents + bucket; old = READ_ONCE(*p_tstamp); if (old != now && cmpxchg(p_tstamp, old, now) == old) delta = prandom_u32_max(now - old); /* If UBSAN reports an error there, please make sure your compiler * supports -fno-strict-overflow before reporting it that was a bug * in UBSAN, and it has been fixed in GCC-8. */ return atomic_add_return(segs + delta, p_id) - segs; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_idents_reserve); void __ip_select_ident(struct net *net, struct iphdr *iph, int segs) { u32 hash, id; /* Note the following code is not safe, but this is okay. */ if (unlikely(siphash_key_is_zero(&net->ipv4.ip_id_key))) get_random_bytes(&net->ipv4.ip_id_key, sizeof(net->ipv4.ip_id_key)); hash = siphash_3u32((__force u32)iph->daddr, (__force u32)iph->saddr, iph->protocol, &net->ipv4.ip_id_key); id = ip_idents_reserve(hash, segs); iph->id = htons(id); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ip_select_ident); static void __build_flow_key(const struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sock *sk, const struct iphdr *iph, int oif, u8 tos, u8 prot, u32 mark, int flow_flags) { if (sk) { const struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); oif = sk->sk_bound_dev_if; mark = sk->sk_mark; tos = RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk); prot = inet->hdrincl ? IPPROTO_RAW : sk->sk_protocol; } flowi4_init_output(fl4, oif, mark, tos, RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, prot, flow_flags, iph->daddr, iph->saddr, 0, 0, sock_net_uid(net, sk)); } static void build_skb_flow_key(struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sock *sk) { const struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); int oif = skb->dev->ifindex; u8 tos = RT_TOS(iph->tos); u8 prot = iph->protocol; u32 mark = skb->mark; __build_flow_key(net, fl4, sk, iph, oif, tos, prot, mark, 0); } static void build_sk_flow_key(struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sock *sk) { const struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); const struct ip_options_rcu *inet_opt; __be32 daddr = inet->inet_daddr; rcu_read_lock(); inet_opt = rcu_dereference(inet->inet_opt); if (inet_opt && inet_opt->opt.srr) daddr = inet_opt->opt.faddr; flowi4_init_output(fl4, sk->sk_bound_dev_if, sk->sk_mark, RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk), RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, inet->hdrincl ? IPPROTO_RAW : sk->sk_protocol, inet_sk_flowi_flags(sk), daddr, inet->inet_saddr, 0, 0, sk->sk_uid); rcu_read_unlock(); } static void ip_rt_build_flow_key(struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb) build_skb_flow_key(fl4, skb, sk); else build_sk_flow_key(fl4, sk); } static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fnhe_lock); static void fnhe_flush_routes(struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe) { struct rtable *rt; rt = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_rth_input); if (rt) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(fnhe->fnhe_rth_input, NULL); dst_dev_put(&rt->dst); dst_release(&rt->dst); } rt = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_rth_output); if (rt) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(fnhe->fnhe_rth_output, NULL); dst_dev_put(&rt->dst); dst_release(&rt->dst); } } static void fnhe_remove_oldest(struct fnhe_hash_bucket *hash) { struct fib_nh_exception __rcu **fnhe_p, **oldest_p; struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe, *oldest = NULL; for (fnhe_p = &hash->chain; ; fnhe_p = &fnhe->fnhe_next) { fnhe = rcu_dereference_protected(*fnhe_p, lockdep_is_held(&fnhe_lock)); if (!fnhe) break; if (!oldest || time_before(fnhe->fnhe_stamp, oldest->fnhe_stamp)) { oldest = fnhe; oldest_p = fnhe_p; } } fnhe_flush_routes(oldest); *oldest_p = oldest->fnhe_next; kfree_rcu(oldest, rcu); } static u32 fnhe_hashfun(__be32 daddr) { static siphash_key_t fnhe_hash_key __read_mostly; u64 hval; net_get_random_once(&fnhe_hash_key, sizeof(fnhe_hash_key)); hval = siphash_1u32((__force u32)daddr, &fnhe_hash_key); return hash_64(hval, FNHE_HASH_SHIFT); } static void fill_route_from_fnhe(struct rtable *rt, struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe) { rt->rt_pmtu = fnhe->fnhe_pmtu; rt->rt_mtu_locked = fnhe->fnhe_mtu_locked; rt->dst.expires = fnhe->fnhe_expires; if (fnhe->fnhe_gw) { rt->rt_flags |= RTCF_REDIRECTED; rt->rt_uses_gateway = 1; rt->rt_gw_family = AF_INET; rt->rt_gw4 = fnhe->fnhe_gw; } } static void update_or_create_fnhe(struct fib_nh_common *nhc, __be32 daddr, __be32 gw, u32 pmtu, bool lock, unsigned long expires) { struct fnhe_hash_bucket *hash; struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe; struct rtable *rt; u32 genid, hval; unsigned int i; int depth; genid = fnhe_genid(dev_net(nhc->nhc_dev)); hval = fnhe_hashfun(daddr); spin_lock_bh(&fnhe_lock); hash = rcu_dereference(nhc->nhc_exceptions); if (!hash) { hash = kcalloc(FNHE_HASH_SIZE, sizeof(*hash), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!hash) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(nhc->nhc_exceptions, hash); } hash += hval; depth = 0; for (fnhe = rcu_dereference(hash->chain); fnhe; fnhe = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_next)) { if (fnhe->fnhe_daddr == daddr) break; depth++; } if (fnhe) { if (fnhe->fnhe_genid != genid) fnhe->fnhe_genid = genid; if (gw) fnhe->fnhe_gw = gw; if (pmtu) { fnhe->fnhe_pmtu = pmtu; fnhe->fnhe_mtu_locked = lock; } fnhe->fnhe_expires = max(1UL, expires); /* Update all cached dsts too */ rt = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_rth_input); if (rt) fill_route_from_fnhe(rt, fnhe); rt = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_rth_output); if (rt) fill_route_from_fnhe(rt, fnhe); } else { /* Randomize max depth to avoid some side channels attacks. */ int max_depth = FNHE_RECLAIM_DEPTH + prandom_u32_max(FNHE_RECLAIM_DEPTH); while (depth > max_depth) { fnhe_remove_oldest(hash); depth--; } fnhe = kzalloc(sizeof(*fnhe), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!fnhe) goto out_unlock; fnhe->fnhe_next = hash->chain; fnhe->fnhe_genid = genid; fnhe->fnhe_daddr = daddr; fnhe->fnhe_gw = gw; fnhe->fnhe_pmtu = pmtu; fnhe->fnhe_mtu_locked = lock; fnhe->fnhe_expires = max(1UL, expires); rcu_assign_pointer(hash->chain, fnhe); /* Exception created; mark the cached routes for the nexthop * stale, so anyone caching it rechecks if this exception * applies to them. */ rt = rcu_dereference(nhc->nhc_rth_input); if (rt) rt->dst.obsolete = DST_OBSOLETE_KILL; for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct rtable __rcu **prt; prt = per_cpu_ptr(nhc->nhc_pcpu_rth_output, i); rt = rcu_dereference(*prt); if (rt) rt->dst.obsolete = DST_OBSOLETE_KILL; } } fnhe->fnhe_stamp = jiffies; out_unlock: spin_unlock_bh(&fnhe_lock); } static void __ip_do_redirect(struct rtable *rt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi4 *fl4, bool kill_route) { __be32 new_gw = icmp_hdr(skb)->un.gateway; __be32 old_gw = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr; struct net_device *dev = skb->dev; struct in_device *in_dev; struct fib_result res; struct neighbour *n; struct net *net; switch (icmp_hdr(skb)->code & 7) { case ICMP_REDIR_NET: case ICMP_REDIR_NETTOS: case ICMP_REDIR_HOST: case ICMP_REDIR_HOSTTOS: break; default: return; } if (rt->rt_gw_family != AF_INET || rt->rt_gw4 != old_gw) return; in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); if (!in_dev) return; net = dev_net(dev); if (new_gw == old_gw || !IN_DEV_RX_REDIRECTS(in_dev) || ipv4_is_multicast(new_gw) || ipv4_is_lbcast(new_gw) || ipv4_is_zeronet(new_gw)) goto reject_redirect; if (!IN_DEV_SHARED_MEDIA(in_dev)) { if (!inet_addr_onlink(in_dev, new_gw, old_gw)) goto reject_redirect; if (IN_DEV_SEC_REDIRECTS(in_dev) && ip_fib_check_default(new_gw, dev)) goto reject_redirect; } else { if (inet_addr_type(net, new_gw) != RTN_UNICAST) goto reject_redirect; } n = __ipv4_neigh_lookup(rt->dst.dev, new_gw); if (!n) n = neigh_create(&arp_tbl, &new_gw, rt->dst.dev); if (!IS_ERR(n)) { if (!(n->nud_state & NUD_VALID)) { neigh_event_send(n, NULL); } else { if (fib_lookup(net, fl4, &res, 0) == 0) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc; fib_select_path(net, &res, fl4, skb); nhc = FIB_RES_NHC(res); update_or_create_fnhe(nhc, fl4->daddr, new_gw, 0, false, jiffies + ip_rt_gc_timeout); } if (kill_route) rt->dst.obsolete = DST_OBSOLETE_KILL; call_netevent_notifiers(NETEVENT_NEIGH_UPDATE, n); } neigh_release(n); } return; reject_redirect: #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_VERBOSE if (IN_DEV_LOG_MARTIANS(in_dev)) { const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *) skb->data; __be32 daddr = iph->daddr; __be32 saddr = iph->saddr; net_info_ratelimited("Redirect from %pI4 on %s about %pI4 ignored\n" " Advised path = %pI4 -> %pI4\n", &old_gw, dev->name, &new_gw, &saddr, &daddr); } #endif ; } static void ip_do_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rtable *rt; struct flowi4 fl4; const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *) skb->data; struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); int oif = skb->dev->ifindex; u8 tos = RT_TOS(iph->tos); u8 prot = iph->protocol; u32 mark = skb->mark; rt = (struct rtable *) dst; __build_flow_key(net, &fl4, sk, iph, oif, tos, prot, mark, 0); __ip_do_redirect(rt, skb, &fl4, true); } static struct dst_entry *ipv4_negative_advice(struct dst_entry *dst) { struct rtable *rt = (struct rtable *)dst; struct dst_entry *ret = dst; if (rt) { if (dst->obsolete > 0) { ip_rt_put(rt); ret = NULL; } else if ((rt->rt_flags & RTCF_REDIRECTED) || rt->dst.expires) { ip_rt_put(rt); ret = NULL; } } return ret; } /* * Algorithm: * 1. The first ip_rt_redirect_number redirects are sent * with exponential backoff, then we stop sending them at all, * assuming that the host ignores our redirects. * 2. If we did not see packets requiring redirects * during ip_rt_redirect_silence, we assume that the host * forgot redirected route and start to send redirects again. * * This algorithm is much cheaper and more intelligent than dumb load limiting * in icmp.c. * * NOTE. Do not forget to inhibit load limiting for redirects (redundant) * and "frag. need" (breaks PMTU discovery) in icmp.c. */ void ip_rt_send_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb); struct in_device *in_dev; struct inet_peer *peer; struct net *net; int log_martians; int vif; rcu_read_lock(); in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(rt->dst.dev); if (!in_dev || !IN_DEV_TX_REDIRECTS(in_dev)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } log_martians = IN_DEV_LOG_MARTIANS(in_dev); vif = l3mdev_master_ifindex_rcu(rt->dst.dev); rcu_read_unlock(); net = dev_net(rt->dst.dev); peer = inet_getpeer_v4(net->ipv4.peers, ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, vif, 1); if (!peer) { icmp_send(skb, ICMP_REDIRECT, ICMP_REDIR_HOST, rt_nexthop(rt, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr)); return; } /* No redirected packets during ip_rt_redirect_silence; * reset the algorithm. */ if (time_after(jiffies, peer->rate_last + ip_rt_redirect_silence)) { peer->rate_tokens = 0; peer->n_redirects = 0; } /* Too many ignored redirects; do not send anything * set dst.rate_last to the last seen redirected packet. */ if (peer->n_redirects >= ip_rt_redirect_number) { peer->rate_last = jiffies; goto out_put_peer; } /* Check for load limit; set rate_last to the latest sent * redirect. */ if (peer->n_redirects == 0 || time_after(jiffies, (peer->rate_last + (ip_rt_redirect_load << peer->n_redirects)))) { __be32 gw = rt_nexthop(rt, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr); icmp_send(skb, ICMP_REDIRECT, ICMP_REDIR_HOST, gw); peer->rate_last = jiffies; ++peer->n_redirects; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_VERBOSE if (log_martians && peer->n_redirects == ip_rt_redirect_number) net_warn_ratelimited("host %pI4/if%d ignores redirects for %pI4 to %pI4\n", &ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, inet_iif(skb), &ip_hdr(skb)->daddr, &gw); #endif } out_put_peer: inet_putpeer(peer); } static int ip_error(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb); struct net_device *dev = skb->dev; struct in_device *in_dev; struct inet_peer *peer; unsigned long now; struct net *net; bool send; int code; if (netif_is_l3_master(skb->dev)) { dev = __dev_get_by_index(dev_net(skb->dev), IPCB(skb)->iif); if (!dev) goto out; } in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); /* IP on this device is disabled. */ if (!in_dev) goto out; net = dev_net(rt->dst.dev); if (!IN_DEV_FORWARD(in_dev)) { switch (rt->dst.error) { case EHOSTUNREACH: __IP_INC_STATS(net, IPSTATS_MIB_INADDRERRORS); break; case ENETUNREACH: __IP_INC_STATS(net, IPSTATS_MIB_INNOROUTES); break; } goto out; } switch (rt->dst.error) { case EINVAL: default: goto out; case EHOSTUNREACH: code = ICMP_HOST_UNREACH; break; case ENETUNREACH: code = ICMP_NET_UNREACH; __IP_INC_STATS(net, IPSTATS_MIB_INNOROUTES); break; case EACCES: code = ICMP_PKT_FILTERED; break; } peer = inet_getpeer_v4(net->ipv4.peers, ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, l3mdev_master_ifindex(skb->dev), 1); send = true; if (peer) { now = jiffies; peer->rate_tokens += now - peer->rate_last; if (peer->rate_tokens > ip_rt_error_burst) peer->rate_tokens = ip_rt_error_burst; peer->rate_last = now; if (peer->rate_tokens >= ip_rt_error_cost) peer->rate_tokens -= ip_rt_error_cost; else send = false; inet_putpeer(peer); } if (send) icmp_send(skb, ICMP_DEST_UNREACH, code, 0); out: kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } static void __ip_rt_update_pmtu(struct rtable *rt, struct flowi4 *fl4, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = &rt->dst; struct net *net = dev_net(dst->dev); struct fib_result res; bool lock = false; u32 old_mtu; if (ip_mtu_locked(dst)) return; old_mtu = ipv4_mtu(dst); if (old_mtu < mtu) return; if (mtu < ip_rt_min_pmtu) { lock = true; mtu = min(old_mtu, ip_rt_min_pmtu); } if (rt->rt_pmtu == mtu && !lock && time_before(jiffies, dst->expires - ip_rt_mtu_expires / 2)) return; rcu_read_lock(); if (fib_lookup(net, fl4, &res, 0) == 0) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc; fib_select_path(net, &res, fl4, NULL); nhc = FIB_RES_NHC(res); update_or_create_fnhe(nhc, fl4->daddr, 0, mtu, lock, jiffies + ip_rt_mtu_expires); } rcu_read_unlock(); } static void ip_rt_update_pmtu(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh) { struct rtable *rt = (struct rtable *) dst; struct flowi4 fl4; ip_rt_build_flow_key(&fl4, sk, skb); /* Don't make lookup fail for bridged encapsulations */ if (skb && netif_is_any_bridge_port(skb->dev)) fl4.flowi4_oif = 0; __ip_rt_update_pmtu(rt, &fl4, mtu); } void ipv4_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 mtu, int oif, u8 protocol) { const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *)skb->data; struct flowi4 fl4; struct rtable *rt; u32 mark = IP4_REPLY_MARK(net, skb->mark); __build_flow_key(net, &fl4, NULL, iph, oif, RT_TOS(iph->tos), protocol, mark, 0); rt = __ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4); if (!IS_ERR(rt)) { __ip_rt_update_pmtu(rt, &fl4, mtu); ip_rt_put(rt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ipv4_update_pmtu); static void __ipv4_sk_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, u32 mtu) { const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *)skb->data; struct flowi4 fl4; struct rtable *rt; __build_flow_key(sock_net(sk), &fl4, sk, iph, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0); if (!fl4.flowi4_mark) fl4.flowi4_mark = IP4_REPLY_MARK(sock_net(sk), skb->mark); rt = __ip_route_output_key(sock_net(sk), &fl4); if (!IS_ERR(rt)) { __ip_rt_update_pmtu(rt, &fl4, mtu); ip_rt_put(rt); } } void ipv4_sk_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, u32 mtu) { const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *)skb->data; struct flowi4 fl4; struct rtable *rt; struct dst_entry *odst = NULL; bool new = false; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); bh_lock_sock(sk); if (!ip_sk_accept_pmtu(sk)) goto out; odst = sk_dst_get(sk); if (sock_owned_by_user(sk) || !odst) { __ipv4_sk_update_pmtu(skb, sk, mtu); goto out; } __build_flow_key(net, &fl4, sk, iph, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0); rt = (struct rtable *)odst; if (odst->obsolete && !odst->ops->check(odst, 0)) { rt = ip_route_output_flow(sock_net(sk), &fl4, sk); if (IS_ERR(rt)) goto out; new = true; } __ip_rt_update_pmtu((struct rtable *)xfrm_dst_path(&rt->dst), &fl4, mtu); if (!dst_check(&rt->dst, 0)) { if (new) dst_release(&rt->dst); rt = ip_route_output_flow(sock_net(sk), &fl4, sk); if (IS_ERR(rt)) goto out; new = true; } if (new) sk_dst_set(sk, &rt->dst); out: bh_unlock_sock(sk); dst_release(odst); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ipv4_sk_update_pmtu); void ipv4_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, int oif, u8 protocol) { const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *)skb->data; struct flowi4 fl4; struct rtable *rt; __build_flow_key(net, &fl4, NULL, iph, oif, RT_TOS(iph->tos), protocol, 0, 0); rt = __ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4); if (!IS_ERR(rt)) { __ip_do_redirect(rt, skb, &fl4, false); ip_rt_put(rt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ipv4_redirect); void ipv4_sk_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *)skb->data; struct flowi4 fl4; struct rtable *rt; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); __build_flow_key(net, &fl4, sk, iph, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0); rt = __ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4); if (!IS_ERR(rt)) { __ip_do_redirect(rt, skb, &fl4, false); ip_rt_put(rt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ipv4_sk_redirect); static struct dst_entry *ipv4_dst_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie) { struct rtable *rt = (struct rtable *) dst; /* All IPV4 dsts are created with ->obsolete set to the value * DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK which forces validation calls down * into this function always. * * When a PMTU/redirect information update invalidates a route, * this is indicated by setting obsolete to DST_OBSOLETE_KILL or * DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD. */ if (dst->obsolete != DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK || rt_is_expired(rt)) return NULL; return dst; } static void ipv4_send_dest_unreach(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ip_options opt; int res; /* Recompile ip options since IPCB may not be valid anymore. * Also check we have a reasonable ipv4 header. */ if (!pskb_network_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct iphdr)) || ip_hdr(skb)->version != 4 || ip_hdr(skb)->ihl < 5) return; memset(&opt, 0, sizeof(opt)); if (ip_hdr(skb)->ihl > 5) { if (!pskb_network_may_pull(skb, ip_hdr(skb)->ihl * 4)) return; opt.optlen = ip_hdr(skb)->ihl * 4 - sizeof(struct iphdr); rcu_read_lock(); res = __ip_options_compile(dev_net(skb->dev), &opt, skb, NULL); rcu_read_unlock(); if (res) return; } __icmp_send(skb, ICMP_DEST_UNREACH, ICMP_HOST_UNREACH, 0, &opt); } static void ipv4_link_failure(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rtable *rt; ipv4_send_dest_unreach(skb); rt = skb_rtable(skb); if (rt) dst_set_expires(&rt->dst, 0); } static int ip_rt_bug(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { pr_debug("%s: %pI4 -> %pI4, %s\n", __func__, &ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, &ip_hdr(skb)->daddr, skb->dev ? skb->dev->name : "?"); kfree_skb(skb); WARN_ON(1); return 0; } /* We do not cache source address of outgoing interface, because it is used only by IP RR, TS and SRR options, so that it out of fast path. BTW remember: "addr" is allowed to be not aligned in IP options! */ void ip_rt_get_source(u8 *addr, struct sk_buff *skb, struct rtable *rt) { __be32 src; if (rt_is_output_route(rt)) src = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr; else { struct fib_result res; struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); struct flowi4 fl4 = { .daddr = iph->daddr, .saddr = iph->saddr, .flowi4_tos = RT_TOS(iph->tos), .flowi4_oif = rt->dst.dev->ifindex, .flowi4_iif = skb->dev->ifindex, .flowi4_mark = skb->mark, }; rcu_read_lock(); if (fib_lookup(dev_net(rt->dst.dev), &fl4, &res, 0) == 0) src = fib_result_prefsrc(dev_net(rt->dst.dev), &res); else src = inet_select_addr(rt->dst.dev, rt_nexthop(rt, iph->daddr), RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE); rcu_read_unlock(); } memcpy(addr, &src, 4); } #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID static void set_class_tag(struct rtable *rt, u32 tag) { if (!(rt->dst.tclassid & 0xFFFF)) rt->dst.tclassid |= tag & 0xFFFF; if (!(rt->dst.tclassid & 0xFFFF0000)) rt->dst.tclassid |= tag & 0xFFFF0000; } #endif static unsigned int ipv4_default_advmss(const struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned int header_size = sizeof(struct tcphdr) + sizeof(struct iphdr); unsigned int advmss = max_t(unsigned int, ipv4_mtu(dst) - header_size, ip_rt_min_advmss); return min(advmss, IPV4_MAX_PMTU - header_size); } static unsigned int ipv4_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst) { const struct rtable *rt = (const struct rtable *)dst; unsigned int mtu = rt->rt_pmtu; if (!mtu || time_after_eq(jiffies, rt->dst.expires)) mtu = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_MTU); if (mtu) goto out; mtu = READ_ONCE(dst->dev->mtu); if (unlikely(ip_mtu_locked(dst))) { if (rt->rt_uses_gateway && mtu > 576) mtu = 576; } out: mtu = min_t(unsigned int, mtu, IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(dst->lwtstate, mtu); } static void ip_del_fnhe(struct fib_nh_common *nhc, __be32 daddr) { struct fnhe_hash_bucket *hash; struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe, __rcu **fnhe_p; u32 hval = fnhe_hashfun(daddr); spin_lock_bh(&fnhe_lock); hash = rcu_dereference_protected(nhc->nhc_exceptions, lockdep_is_held(&fnhe_lock)); hash += hval; fnhe_p = &hash->chain; fnhe = rcu_dereference_protected(*fnhe_p, lockdep_is_held(&fnhe_lock)); while (fnhe) { if (fnhe->fnhe_daddr == daddr) { rcu_assign_pointer(*fnhe_p, rcu_dereference_protected( fnhe->fnhe_next, lockdep_is_held(&fnhe_lock))); /* set fnhe_daddr to 0 to ensure it won't bind with * new dsts in rt_bind_exception(). */ fnhe->fnhe_daddr = 0; fnhe_flush_routes(fnhe); kfree_rcu(fnhe, rcu); break; } fnhe_p = &fnhe->fnhe_next; fnhe = rcu_dereference_protected(fnhe->fnhe_next, lockdep_is_held(&fnhe_lock)); } spin_unlock_bh(&fnhe_lock); } static struct fib_nh_exception *find_exception(struct fib_nh_common *nhc, __be32 daddr) { struct fnhe_hash_bucket *hash = rcu_dereference(nhc->nhc_exceptions); struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe; u32 hval; if (!hash) return NULL; hval = fnhe_hashfun(daddr); for (fnhe = rcu_dereference(hash[hval].chain); fnhe; fnhe = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_next)) { if (fnhe->fnhe_daddr == daddr) { if (fnhe->fnhe_expires && time_after(jiffies, fnhe->fnhe_expires)) { ip_del_fnhe(nhc, daddr); break; } return fnhe; } } return NULL; } /* MTU selection: * 1. mtu on route is locked - use it * 2. mtu from nexthop exception * 3. mtu from egress device */ u32 ip_mtu_from_fib_result(struct fib_result *res, __be32 daddr) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = res->nhc; struct net_device *dev = nhc->nhc_dev; struct fib_info *fi = res->fi; u32 mtu = 0; if (dev_net(dev)->ipv4.sysctl_ip_fwd_use_pmtu || fi->fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_LOCK - 1] & (1 << RTAX_MTU)) mtu = fi->fib_mtu; if (likely(!mtu)) { struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe; fnhe = find_exception(nhc, daddr); if (fnhe && !time_after_eq(jiffies, fnhe->fnhe_expires)) mtu = fnhe->fnhe_pmtu; } if (likely(!mtu)) mtu = min(READ_ONCE(dev->mtu), IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(nhc->nhc_lwtstate, mtu); } static bool rt_bind_exception(struct rtable *rt, struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe, __be32 daddr, const bool do_cache) { bool ret = false; spin_lock_bh(&fnhe_lock); if (daddr == fnhe->fnhe_daddr) { struct rtable __rcu **porig; struct rtable *orig; int genid = fnhe_genid(dev_net(rt->dst.dev)); if (rt_is_input_route(rt)) porig = &fnhe->fnhe_rth_input; else porig = &fnhe->fnhe_rth_output; orig = rcu_dereference(*porig); if (fnhe->fnhe_genid != genid) { fnhe->fnhe_genid = genid; fnhe->fnhe_gw = 0; fnhe->fnhe_pmtu = 0; fnhe->fnhe_expires = 0; fnhe->fnhe_mtu_locked = false; fnhe_flush_routes(fnhe); orig = NULL; } fill_route_from_fnhe(rt, fnhe); if (!rt->rt_gw4) { rt->rt_gw4 = daddr; rt->rt_gw_family = AF_INET; } if (do_cache) { dst_hold(&rt->dst); rcu_assign_pointer(*porig, rt); if (orig) { dst_dev_put(&orig->dst); dst_release(&orig->dst); } ret = true; } fnhe->fnhe_stamp = jiffies; } spin_unlock_bh(&fnhe_lock); return ret; } static bool rt_cache_route(struct fib_nh_common *nhc, struct rtable *rt) { struct rtable *orig, *prev, **p; bool ret = true; if (rt_is_input_route(rt)) { p = (struct rtable **)&nhc->nhc_rth_input; } else { p = (struct rtable **)raw_cpu_ptr(nhc->nhc_pcpu_rth_output); } orig = *p; /* hold dst before doing cmpxchg() to avoid race condition * on this dst */ dst_hold(&rt->dst); prev = cmpxchg(p, orig, rt); if (prev == orig) { if (orig) { rt_add_uncached_list(orig); dst_release(&orig->dst); } } else { dst_release(&rt->dst); ret = false; } return ret; } struct uncached_list { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head head; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU_ALIGNED(struct uncached_list, rt_uncached_list); void rt_add_uncached_list(struct rtable *rt) { struct uncached_list *ul = raw_cpu_ptr(&rt_uncached_list); rt->rt_uncached_list = ul; spin_lock_bh(&ul->lock); list_add_tail(&rt->rt_uncached, &ul->head); spin_unlock_bh(&ul->lock); } void rt_del_uncached_list(struct rtable *rt) { if (!list_empty(&rt->rt_uncached)) { struct uncached_list *ul = rt->rt_uncached_list; spin_lock_bh(&ul->lock); list_del(&rt->rt_uncached); spin_unlock_bh(&ul->lock); } } static void ipv4_dst_destroy(struct dst_entry *dst) { struct rtable *rt = (struct rtable *)dst; ip_dst_metrics_put(dst); rt_del_uncached_list(rt); } void rt_flush_dev(struct net_device *dev) { struct rtable *rt; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct uncached_list *ul = &per_cpu(rt_uncached_list, cpu); spin_lock_bh(&ul->lock); list_for_each_entry(rt, &ul->head, rt_uncached) { if (rt->dst.dev != dev) continue; rt->dst.dev = blackhole_netdev; dev_hold(rt->dst.dev); dev_put(dev); } spin_unlock_bh(&ul->lock); } } static bool rt_cache_valid(const struct rtable *rt) { return rt && rt->dst.obsolete == DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK && !rt_is_expired(rt); } static void rt_set_nexthop(struct rtable *rt, __be32 daddr, const struct fib_result *res, struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe, struct fib_info *fi, u16 type, u32 itag, const bool do_cache) { bool cached = false; if (fi) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = FIB_RES_NHC(*res); if (nhc->nhc_gw_family && nhc->nhc_scope == RT_SCOPE_LINK) { rt->rt_uses_gateway = 1; rt->rt_gw_family = nhc->nhc_gw_family; /* only INET and INET6 are supported */ if (likely(nhc->nhc_gw_family == AF_INET)) rt->rt_gw4 = nhc->nhc_gw.ipv4; else rt->rt_gw6 = nhc->nhc_gw.ipv6; } ip_dst_init_metrics(&rt->dst, fi->fib_metrics); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID if (nhc->nhc_family == AF_INET) { struct fib_nh *nh; nh = container_of(nhc, struct fib_nh, nh_common); rt->dst.tclassid = nh->nh_tclassid; } #endif rt->dst.lwtstate = lwtstate_get(nhc->nhc_lwtstate); if (unlikely(fnhe)) cached = rt_bind_exception(rt, fnhe, daddr, do_cache); else if (do_cache) cached = rt_cache_route(nhc, rt); if (unlikely(!cached)) { /* Routes we intend to cache in nexthop exception or * FIB nexthop have the DST_NOCACHE bit clear. * However, if we are unsuccessful at storing this * route into the cache we really need to set it. */ if (!rt->rt_gw4) { rt->rt_gw_family = AF_INET; rt->rt_gw4 = daddr; } rt_add_uncached_list(rt); } } else rt_add_uncached_list(rt); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES set_class_tag(rt, res->tclassid); #endif set_class_tag(rt, itag); #endif } struct rtable *rt_dst_alloc(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int flags, u16 type, bool nopolicy, bool noxfrm) { struct rtable *rt; rt = dst_alloc(&ipv4_dst_ops, dev, 1, DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK, (nopolicy ? DST_NOPOLICY : 0) | (noxfrm ? DST_NOXFRM : 0)); if (rt) { rt->rt_genid = rt_genid_ipv4(dev_net(dev)); rt->rt_flags = flags; rt->rt_type = type; rt->rt_is_input = 0; rt->rt_iif = 0; rt->rt_pmtu = 0; rt->rt_mtu_locked = 0; rt->rt_uses_gateway = 0; rt->rt_gw_family = 0; rt->rt_gw4 = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rt->rt_uncached); rt->dst.output = ip_output; if (flags & RTCF_LOCAL) rt->dst.input = ip_local_deliver; } return rt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(rt_dst_alloc); struct rtable *rt_dst_clone(struct net_device *dev, struct rtable *rt) { struct rtable *new_rt; new_rt = dst_alloc(&ipv4_dst_ops, dev, 1, DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK, rt->dst.flags); if (new_rt) { new_rt->rt_genid = rt_genid_ipv4(dev_net(dev)); new_rt->rt_flags = rt->rt_flags; new_rt->rt_type = rt->rt_type; new_rt->rt_is_input = rt->rt_is_input; new_rt->rt_iif = rt->rt_iif; new_rt->rt_pmtu = rt->rt_pmtu; new_rt->rt_mtu_locked = rt->rt_mtu_locked; new_rt->rt_gw_family = rt->rt_gw_family; if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET) new_rt->rt_gw4 = rt->rt_gw4; else if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET6) new_rt->rt_gw6 = rt->rt_gw6; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_rt->rt_uncached); new_rt->dst.input = rt->dst.input; new_rt->dst.output = rt->dst.output; new_rt->dst.error = rt->dst.error; new_rt->dst.lastuse = jiffies; new_rt->dst.lwtstate = lwtstate_get(rt->dst.lwtstate); } return new_rt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(rt_dst_clone); /* called in rcu_read_lock() section */ int ip_mc_validate_source(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev, struct in_device *in_dev, u32 *itag) { int err; /* Primary sanity checks. */ if (!in_dev) return -EINVAL; if (ipv4_is_multicast(saddr) || ipv4_is_lbcast(saddr) || skb->protocol != htons(ETH_P_IP)) return -EINVAL; if (ipv4_is_loopback(saddr) && !IN_DEV_ROUTE_LOCALNET(in_dev)) return -EINVAL; if (ipv4_is_zeronet(saddr)) { if (!ipv4_is_local_multicast(daddr) && ip_hdr(skb)->protocol != IPPROTO_IGMP) return -EINVAL; } else { err = fib_validate_source(skb, saddr, 0, tos, 0, dev, in_dev, itag); if (err < 0) return err; } return 0; } /* called in rcu_read_lock() section */ static int ip_route_input_mc(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev, int our) { struct in_device *in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); unsigned int flags = RTCF_MULTICAST; struct rtable *rth; u32 itag = 0; int err; err = ip_mc_validate_source(skb, daddr, saddr, tos, dev, in_dev, &itag); if (err) return err; if (our) flags |= RTCF_LOCAL; rth = rt_dst_alloc(dev_net(dev)->loopback_dev, flags, RTN_MULTICAST, IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, NOPOLICY), false); if (!rth) return -ENOBUFS; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID rth->dst.tclassid = itag; #endif rth->dst.output = ip_rt_bug; rth->rt_is_input= 1; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE if (!ipv4_is_local_multicast(daddr) && IN_DEV_MFORWARD(in_dev)) rth->dst.input = ip_mr_input; #endif RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(in_slow_mc); skb_dst_set(skb, &rth->dst); return 0; } static void ip_handle_martian_source(struct net_device *dev, struct in_device *in_dev, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr) { RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(in_martian_src); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_VERBOSE if (IN_DEV_LOG_MARTIANS(in_dev) && net_ratelimit()) { /* * RFC1812 recommendation, if source is martian, * the only hint is MAC header. */ pr_warn("martian source %pI4 from %pI4, on dev %s\n", &daddr, &saddr, dev->name); if (dev->hard_header_len && skb_mac_header_was_set(skb)) { print_hex_dump(KERN_WARNING, "ll header: ", DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, 16, 1, skb_mac_header(skb), dev->hard_header_len, false); } } #endif } /* called in rcu_read_lock() section */ static int __mkroute_input(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct fib_result *res, struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u32 tos) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = FIB_RES_NHC(*res); struct net_device *dev = nhc->nhc_dev; struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe; struct rtable *rth; int err; struct in_device *out_dev; bool do_cache; u32 itag = 0; /* get a working reference to the output device */ out_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); if (!out_dev) { net_crit_ratelimited("Bug in ip_route_input_slow(). Please report.\n"); return -EINVAL; } err = fib_validate_source(skb, saddr, daddr, tos, FIB_RES_OIF(*res), in_dev->dev, in_dev, &itag); if (err < 0) { ip_handle_martian_source(in_dev->dev, in_dev, skb, daddr, saddr); goto cleanup; } do_cache = res->fi && !itag; if (out_dev == in_dev && err && IN_DEV_TX_REDIRECTS(out_dev) && skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) { __be32 gw; gw = nhc->nhc_gw_family == AF_INET ? nhc->nhc_gw.ipv4 : 0; if (IN_DEV_SHARED_MEDIA(out_dev) || inet_addr_onlink(out_dev, saddr, gw)) IPCB(skb)->flags |= IPSKB_DOREDIRECT; } if (skb->protocol != htons(ETH_P_IP)) { /* Not IP (i.e. ARP). Do not create route, if it is * invalid for proxy arp. DNAT routes are always valid. * * Proxy arp feature have been extended to allow, ARP * replies back to the same interface, to support * Private VLAN switch technologies. See arp.c. */ if (out_dev == in_dev && IN_DEV_PROXY_ARP_PVLAN(in_dev) == 0) { err = -EINVAL; goto cleanup; } } fnhe = find_exception(nhc, daddr); if (do_cache) { if (fnhe) rth = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_rth_input); else rth = rcu_dereference(nhc->nhc_rth_input); if (rt_cache_valid(rth)) { skb_dst_set_noref(skb, &rth->dst); goto out; } } rth = rt_dst_alloc(out_dev->dev, 0, res->type, IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, NOPOLICY), IN_DEV_CONF_GET(out_dev, NOXFRM)); if (!rth) { err = -ENOBUFS; goto cleanup; } rth->rt_is_input = 1; RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(in_slow_tot); rth->dst.input = ip_forward; rt_set_nexthop(rth, daddr, res, fnhe, res->fi, res->type, itag, do_cache); lwtunnel_set_redirect(&rth->dst); skb_dst_set(skb, &rth->dst); out: err = 0; cleanup: return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH /* To make ICMP packets follow the right flow, the multipath hash is * calculated from the inner IP addresses. */ static void ip_multipath_l3_keys(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *hash_keys) { const struct iphdr *outer_iph = ip_hdr(skb); const struct iphdr *key_iph = outer_iph; const struct iphdr *inner_iph; const struct icmphdr *icmph; struct iphdr _inner_iph; struct icmphdr _icmph; if (likely(outer_iph->protocol != IPPROTO_ICMP)) goto out; if (unlikely((outer_iph->frag_off & htons(IP_OFFSET)) != 0)) goto out; icmph = skb_header_pointer(skb, outer_iph->ihl * 4, sizeof(_icmph), &_icmph); if (!icmph) goto out; if (!icmp_is_err(icmph->type)) goto out; inner_iph = skb_header_pointer(skb, outer_iph->ihl * 4 + sizeof(_icmph), sizeof(_inner_iph), &_inner_iph); if (!inner_iph) goto out; key_iph = inner_iph; out: hash_keys->addrs.v4addrs.src = key_iph->saddr; hash_keys->addrs.v4addrs.dst = key_iph->daddr; } /* if skb is set it will be used and fl4 can be NULL */ int fib_multipath_hash(const struct net *net, const struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flkeys) { u32 multipath_hash = fl4 ? fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash : 0; struct flow_keys hash_keys; u32 mhash; switch (net->ipv4.sysctl_fib_multipath_hash_policy) { case 0: memset(&hash_keys, 0, sizeof(hash_keys)); hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; if (skb) { ip_multipath_l3_keys(skb, &hash_keys); } else { hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = fl4->saddr; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = fl4->daddr; } break; case 1: /* skb is currently provided only when forwarding */ if (skb) { unsigned int flag = FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP; struct flow_keys keys; /* short-circuit if we already have L4 hash present */ if (skb->l4_hash) return skb_get_hash_raw(skb) >> 1; memset(&hash_keys, 0, sizeof(hash_keys)); if (!flkeys) { skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(skb, &keys, flag); flkeys = &keys; } hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = flkeys->addrs.v4addrs.src; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = flkeys->addrs.v4addrs.dst; hash_keys.ports.src = flkeys->ports.src; hash_keys.ports.dst = flkeys->ports.dst; hash_keys.basic.ip_proto = flkeys->basic.ip_proto; } else { memset(&hash_keys, 0, sizeof(hash_keys)); hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = fl4->saddr; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = fl4->daddr; hash_keys.ports.src = fl4->fl4_sport; hash_keys.ports.dst = fl4->fl4_dport; hash_keys.basic.ip_proto = fl4->flowi4_proto; } break; case 2: memset(&hash_keys, 0, sizeof(hash_keys)); /* skb is currently provided only when forwarding */ if (skb) { struct flow_keys keys; skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(skb, &keys, 0); /* Inner can be v4 or v6 */ if (keys.control.addr_type == FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS) { hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = keys.addrs.v4addrs.src; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst; } else if (keys.control.addr_type == FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS) { hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS; hash_keys.addrs.v6addrs.src = keys.addrs.v6addrs.src; hash_keys.addrs.v6addrs.dst = keys.addrs.v6addrs.dst; hash_keys.tags.flow_label = keys.tags.flow_label; hash_keys.basic.ip_proto = keys.basic.ip_proto; } else { /* Same as case 0 */ hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; ip_multipath_l3_keys(skb, &hash_keys); } } else { /* Same as case 0 */ hash_keys.control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.src = fl4->saddr; hash_keys.addrs.v4addrs.dst = fl4->daddr; } break; } mhash = flow_hash_from_keys(&hash_keys); if (multipath_hash) mhash = jhash_2words(mhash, multipath_hash, 0); return mhash >> 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH */ static int ip_mkroute_input(struct sk_buff *skb, struct fib_result *res, struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u32 tos, struct flow_keys *hkeys) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH if (res->fi && fib_info_num_path(res->fi) > 1) { int h = fib_multipath_hash(res->fi->fib_net, NULL, skb, hkeys); fib_select_multipath(res, h); } #endif /* create a routing cache entry */ return __mkroute_input(skb, res, in_dev, daddr, saddr, tos); } /* Implements all the saddr-related checks as ip_route_input_slow(), * assuming daddr is valid and the destination is not a local broadcast one. * Uses the provided hint instead of performing a route lookup. */ int ip_route_use_hint(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev, const struct sk_buff *hint) { struct in_device *in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(hint); struct net *net = dev_net(dev); int err = -EINVAL; u32 tag = 0; if (ipv4_is_multicast(saddr) || ipv4_is_lbcast(saddr)) goto martian_source; if (ipv4_is_zeronet(saddr)) goto martian_source; if (ipv4_is_loopback(saddr) && !IN_DEV_NET_ROUTE_LOCALNET(in_dev, net)) goto martian_source; if (rt->rt_type != RTN_LOCAL) goto skip_validate_source; tos &= IPTOS_RT_MASK; err = fib_validate_source(skb, saddr, daddr, tos, 0, dev, in_dev, &tag); if (err < 0) goto martian_source; skip_validate_source: skb_dst_copy(skb, hint); return 0; martian_source: ip_handle_martian_source(dev, in_dev, skb, daddr, saddr); return err; } /* get device for dst_alloc with local routes */ static struct net_device *ip_rt_get_dev(struct net *net, const struct fib_result *res) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = res->fi ? res->nhc : NULL; struct net_device *dev = NULL; if (nhc) dev = l3mdev_master_dev_rcu(nhc->nhc_dev); return dev ? : net->loopback_dev; } /* * NOTE. We drop all the packets that has local source * addresses, because every properly looped back packet * must have correct destination already attached by output routine. * Changes in the enforced policies must be applied also to * ip_route_use_hint(). * * Such approach solves two big problems: * 1. Not simplex devices are handled properly. * 2. IP spoofing attempts are filtered with 100% of guarantee. * called with rcu_read_lock() */ static int ip_route_input_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev, struct fib_result *res) { struct in_device *in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); struct flow_keys *flkeys = NULL, _flkeys; struct net *net = dev_net(dev); struct ip_tunnel_info *tun_info; int err = -EINVAL; unsigned int flags = 0; u32 itag = 0; struct rtable *rth; struct flowi4 fl4; bool do_cache = true; /* IP on this device is disabled. */ if (!in_dev) goto out; /* Check for the most weird martians, which can be not detected by fib_lookup. */ tun_info = skb_tunnel_info(skb); if (tun_info && !(tun_info->mode & IP_TUNNEL_INFO_TX)) fl4.flowi4_tun_key.tun_id = tun_info->key.tun_id; else fl4.flowi4_tun_key.tun_id = 0; skb_dst_drop(skb); if (ipv4_is_multicast(saddr) || ipv4_is_lbcast(saddr)) goto martian_source; res->fi = NULL; res->table = NULL; if (ipv4_is_lbcast(daddr) || (saddr == 0 && daddr == 0)) goto brd_input; /* Accept zero addresses only to limited broadcast; * I even do not know to fix it or not. Waiting for complains :-) */ if (ipv4_is_zeronet(saddr)) goto martian_source; if (ipv4_is_zeronet(daddr)) goto martian_destination; /* Following code try to avoid calling IN_DEV_NET_ROUTE_LOCALNET(), * and call it once if daddr or/and saddr are loopback addresses */ if (ipv4_is_loopback(daddr)) { if (!IN_DEV_NET_ROUTE_LOCALNET(in_dev, net)) goto martian_destination; } else if (ipv4_is_loopback(saddr)) { if (!IN_DEV_NET_ROUTE_LOCALNET(in_dev, net)) goto martian_source; } /* * Now we are ready to route packet. */ fl4.flowi4_oif = 0; fl4.flowi4_iif = dev->ifindex; fl4.flowi4_mark = skb->mark; fl4.flowi4_tos = tos; fl4.flowi4_scope = RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE; fl4.flowi4_flags = 0; fl4.daddr = daddr; fl4.saddr = saddr; fl4.flowi4_uid = sock_net_uid(net, NULL); fl4.flowi4_multipath_hash = 0; if (fib4_rules_early_flow_dissect(net, skb, &fl4, &_flkeys)) { flkeys = &_flkeys; } else { fl4.flowi4_proto = 0; fl4.fl4_sport = 0; fl4.fl4_dport = 0; } err = fib_lookup(net, &fl4, res, 0); if (err != 0) { if (!IN_DEV_FORWARD(in_dev)) err = -EHOSTUNREACH; goto no_route; } if (res->type == RTN_BROADCAST) { if (IN_DEV_BFORWARD(in_dev)) goto make_route; /* not do cache if bc_forwarding is enabled */ if (IPV4_DEVCONF_ALL(net, BC_FORWARDING)) do_cache = false; goto brd_input; } if (res->type == RTN_LOCAL) { err = fib_validate_source(skb, saddr, daddr, tos, 0, dev, in_dev, &itag); if (err < 0) goto martian_source; goto local_input; } if (!IN_DEV_FORWARD(in_dev)) { err = -EHOSTUNREACH; goto no_route; } if (res->type != RTN_UNICAST) goto martian_destination; make_route: err = ip_mkroute_input(skb, res, in_dev, daddr, saddr, tos, flkeys); out: return err; brd_input: if (skb->protocol != htons(ETH_P_IP)) goto e_inval; if (!ipv4_is_zeronet(saddr)) { err = fib_validate_source(skb, saddr, 0, tos, 0, dev, in_dev, &itag); if (err < 0) goto martian_source; } flags |= RTCF_BROADCAST; res->type = RTN_BROADCAST; RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(in_brd); local_input: do_cache &= res->fi && !itag; if (do_cache) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = FIB_RES_NHC(*res); rth = rcu_dereference(nhc->nhc_rth_input); if (rt_cache_valid(rth)) { skb_dst_set_noref(skb, &rth->dst); err = 0; goto out; } } rth = rt_dst_alloc(ip_rt_get_dev(net, res), flags | RTCF_LOCAL, res->type, IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, NOPOLICY), false); if (!rth) goto e_nobufs; rth->dst.output= ip_rt_bug; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID rth->dst.tclassid = itag; #endif rth->rt_is_input = 1; RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(in_slow_tot); if (res->type == RTN_UNREACHABLE) { rth->dst.input= ip_error; rth->dst.error= -err; rth->rt_flags &= ~RTCF_LOCAL; } if (do_cache) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = FIB_RES_NHC(*res); rth->dst.lwtstate = lwtstate_get(nhc->nhc_lwtstate); if (lwtunnel_input_redirect(rth->dst.lwtstate)) { WARN_ON(rth->dst.input == lwtunnel_input); rth->dst.lwtstate->orig_input = rth->dst.input; rth->dst.input = lwtunnel_input; } if (unlikely(!rt_cache_route(nhc, rth))) rt_add_uncached_list(rth); } skb_dst_set(skb, &rth->dst); err = 0; goto out; no_route: RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(in_no_route); res->type = RTN_UNREACHABLE; res->fi = NULL; res->table = NULL; goto local_input; /* * Do not cache martian addresses: they should be logged (RFC1812) */ martian_destination: RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(in_martian_dst); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_VERBOSE if (IN_DEV_LOG_MARTIANS(in_dev)) net_warn_ratelimited("martian destination %pI4 from %pI4, dev %s\n", &daddr, &saddr, dev->name); #endif e_inval: err = -EINVAL; goto out; e_nobufs: err = -ENOBUFS; goto out; martian_source: ip_handle_martian_source(dev, in_dev, skb, daddr, saddr); goto out; } int ip_route_input_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev) { struct fib_result res; int err; tos &= IPTOS_RT_MASK; rcu_read_lock(); err = ip_route_input_rcu(skb, daddr, saddr, tos, dev, &res); rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_route_input_noref); /* called with rcu_read_lock held */ int ip_route_input_rcu(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev, struct fib_result *res) { /* Multicast recognition logic is moved from route cache to here. The problem was that too many Ethernet cards have broken/missing hardware multicast filters :-( As result the host on multicasting network acquires a lot of useless route cache entries, sort of SDR messages from all the world. Now we try to get rid of them. Really, provided software IP multicast filter is organized reasonably (at least, hashed), it does not result in a slowdown comparing with route cache reject entries. Note, that multicast routers are not affected, because route cache entry is created eventually. */ if (ipv4_is_multicast(daddr)) { struct in_device *in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); int our = 0; int err = -EINVAL; if (!in_dev) return err; our = ip_check_mc_rcu(in_dev, daddr, saddr, ip_hdr(skb)->protocol); /* check l3 master if no match yet */ if (!our && netif_is_l3_slave(dev)) { struct in_device *l3_in_dev; l3_in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(skb->dev); if (l3_in_dev) our = ip_check_mc_rcu(l3_in_dev, daddr, saddr, ip_hdr(skb)->protocol); } if (our #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE || (!ipv4_is_local_multicast(daddr) && IN_DEV_MFORWARD(in_dev)) #endif ) { err = ip_route_input_mc(skb, daddr, saddr, tos, dev, our); } return err; } return ip_route_input_slow(skb, daddr, saddr, tos, dev, res); } /* called with rcu_read_lock() */ static struct rtable *__mkroute_output(const struct fib_result *res, const struct flowi4 *fl4, int orig_oif, struct net_device *dev_out, unsigned int flags) { struct fib_info *fi = res->fi; struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe; struct in_device *in_dev; u16 type = res->type; struct rtable *rth; bool do_cache; in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev_out); if (!in_dev) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (likely(!IN_DEV_ROUTE_LOCALNET(in_dev))) if (ipv4_is_loopback(fl4->saddr) && !(dev_out->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) && !netif_is_l3_master(dev_out)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (ipv4_is_lbcast(fl4->daddr)) type = RTN_BROADCAST; else if (ipv4_is_multicast(fl4->daddr)) type = RTN_MULTICAST; else if (ipv4_is_zeronet(fl4->daddr)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (dev_out->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) flags |= RTCF_LOCAL; do_cache = true; if (type == RTN_BROADCAST) { flags |= RTCF_BROADCAST | RTCF_LOCAL; fi = NULL; } else if (type == RTN_MULTICAST) { flags |= RTCF_MULTICAST | RTCF_LOCAL; if (!ip_check_mc_rcu(in_dev, fl4->daddr, fl4->saddr, fl4->flowi4_proto)) flags &= ~RTCF_LOCAL; else do_cache = false; /* If multicast route do not exist use * default one, but do not gateway in this case. * Yes, it is hack. */ if (fi && res->prefixlen < 4) fi = NULL; } else if ((type == RTN_LOCAL) && (orig_oif != 0) && (orig_oif != dev_out->ifindex)) { /* For local routes that require a particular output interface * we do not want to cache the result. Caching the result * causes incorrect behaviour when there are multiple source * addresses on the interface, the end result being that if the * intended recipient is waiting on that interface for the * packet he won't receive it because it will be delivered on * the loopback interface and the IP_PKTINFO ipi_ifindex will * be set to the loopback interface as well. */ do_cache = false; } fnhe = NULL; do_cache &= fi != NULL; if (fi) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = FIB_RES_NHC(*res); struct rtable __rcu **prth; fnhe = find_exception(nhc, fl4->daddr); if (!do_cache) goto add; if (fnhe) { prth = &fnhe->fnhe_rth_output; } else { if (unlikely(fl4->flowi4_flags & FLOWI_FLAG_KNOWN_NH && !(nhc->nhc_gw_family && nhc->nhc_scope == RT_SCOPE_LINK))) { do_cache = false; goto add; } prth = raw_cpu_ptr(nhc->nhc_pcpu_rth_output); } rth = rcu_dereference(*prth); if (rt_cache_valid(rth) && dst_hold_safe(&rth->dst)) return rth; } add: rth = rt_dst_alloc(dev_out, flags, type, IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, NOPOLICY), IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, NOXFRM)); if (!rth) return ERR_PTR(-ENOBUFS); rth->rt_iif = orig_oif; RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(out_slow_tot); if (flags & (RTCF_BROADCAST | RTCF_MULTICAST)) { if (flags & RTCF_LOCAL && !(dev_out->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK)) { rth->dst.output = ip_mc_output; RT_CACHE_STAT_INC(out_slow_mc); } #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE if (type == RTN_MULTICAST) { if (IN_DEV_MFORWARD(in_dev) && !ipv4_is_local_multicast(fl4->daddr)) { rth->dst.input = ip_mr_input; rth->dst.output = ip_mc_output; } } #endif } rt_set_nexthop(rth, fl4->daddr, res, fnhe, fi, type, 0, do_cache); lwtunnel_set_redirect(&rth->dst); return rth; } /* * Major route resolver routine. */ struct rtable *ip_route_output_key_hash(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 tos = RT_FL_TOS(fl4); struct fib_result res = { .type = RTN_UNSPEC, .fi = NULL, .table = NULL, .tclassid = 0, }; struct rtable *rth; fl4->flowi4_iif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos & IPTOS_RT_MASK; fl4->flowi4_scope = ((tos & RTO_ONLINK) ? RT_SCOPE_LINK : RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE); rcu_read_lock(); rth = ip_route_output_key_hash_rcu(net, fl4, &res, skb); rcu_read_unlock(); return rth; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ip_route_output_key_hash); struct rtable *ip_route_output_key_hash_rcu(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct fib_result *res, const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct net_device *dev_out = NULL; int orig_oif = fl4->flowi4_oif; unsigned int flags = 0; struct rtable *rth; int err; if (fl4->saddr) { if (ipv4_is_multicast(fl4->saddr) || ipv4_is_lbcast(fl4->saddr) || ipv4_is_zeronet(fl4->saddr)) { rth = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); goto out; } rth = ERR_PTR(-ENETUNREACH); /* I removed check for oif == dev_out->oif here. It was wrong for two reasons: 1. ip_dev_find(net, saddr) can return wrong iface, if saddr is assigned to multiple interfaces. 2. Moreover, we are allowed to send packets with saddr of another iface. --ANK */ if (fl4->flowi4_oif == 0 && (ipv4_is_multicast(fl4->daddr) || ipv4_is_lbcast(fl4->daddr))) { /* It is equivalent to inet_addr_type(saddr) == RTN_LOCAL */ dev_out = __ip_dev_find(net, fl4->saddr, false); if (!dev_out) goto out; /* Special hack: user can direct multicasts and limited broadcast via necessary interface without fiddling with IP_MULTICAST_IF or IP_PKTINFO. This hack is not just for fun, it allows vic,vat and friends to work. They bind socket to loopback, set ttl to zero and expect that it will work. From the viewpoint of routing cache they are broken, because we are not allowed to build multicast path with loopback source addr (look, routing cache cannot know, that ttl is zero, so that packet will not leave this host and route is valid). Luckily, this hack is good workaround. */ fl4->flowi4_oif = dev_out->ifindex; goto make_route; } if (!(fl4->flowi4_flags & FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC)) { /* It is equivalent to inet_addr_type(saddr) == RTN_LOCAL */ if (!__ip_dev_find(net, fl4->saddr, false)) goto out; } } if (fl4->flowi4_oif) { dev_out = dev_get_by_index_rcu(net, fl4->flowi4_oif); rth = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); if (!dev_out) goto out; /* RACE: Check return value of inet_select_addr instead. */ if (!(dev_out->flags & IFF_UP) || !__in_dev_get_rcu(dev_out)) { rth = ERR_PTR(-ENETUNREACH); goto out; } if (ipv4_is_local_multicast(fl4->daddr) || ipv4_is_lbcast(fl4->daddr) || fl4->flowi4_proto == IPPROTO_IGMP) { if (!fl4->saddr) fl4->saddr = inet_select_addr(dev_out, 0, RT_SCOPE_LINK); goto make_route; } if (!fl4->saddr) { if (ipv4_is_multicast(fl4->daddr)) fl4->saddr = inet_select_addr(dev_out, 0, fl4->flowi4_scope); else if (!fl4->daddr) fl4->saddr = inet_select_addr(dev_out, 0, RT_SCOPE_HOST); } } if (!fl4->daddr) { fl4->daddr = fl4->saddr; if (!fl4->daddr) fl4->daddr = fl4->saddr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK); dev_out = net->loopback_dev; fl4->flowi4_oif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; res->type = RTN_LOCAL; flags |= RTCF_LOCAL; goto make_route; } err = fib_lookup(net, fl4, res, 0); if (err) { res->fi = NULL; res->table = NULL; if (fl4->flowi4_oif && (ipv4_is_multicast(fl4->daddr) || !netif_index_is_l3_master(net, fl4->flowi4_oif))) { /* Apparently, routing tables are wrong. Assume, that the destination is on link. WHY? DW. Because we are allowed to send to iface even if it has NO routes and NO assigned addresses. When oif is specified, routing tables are looked up with only one purpose: to catch if destination is gatewayed, rather than direct. Moreover, if MSG_DONTROUTE is set, we send packet, ignoring both routing tables and ifaddr state. --ANK We could make it even if oif is unknown, likely IPv6, but we do not. */ if (fl4->saddr == 0) fl4->saddr = inet_select_addr(dev_out, 0, RT_SCOPE_LINK); res->type = RTN_UNICAST; goto make_route; } rth = ERR_PTR(err); goto out; } if (res->type == RTN_LOCAL) { if (!fl4->saddr) { if (res->fi->fib_prefsrc) fl4->saddr = res->fi->fib_prefsrc; else fl4->saddr = fl4->daddr; } /* L3 master device is the loopback for that domain */ dev_out = l3mdev_master_dev_rcu(FIB_RES_DEV(*res)) ? : net->loopback_dev; /* make sure orig_oif points to fib result device even * though packet rx/tx happens over loopback or l3mdev */ orig_oif = FIB_RES_OIF(*res); fl4->flowi4_oif = dev_out->ifindex; flags |= RTCF_LOCAL; goto make_route; } fib_select_path(net, res, fl4, skb); dev_out = FIB_RES_DEV(*res); make_route: rth = __mkroute_output(res, fl4, orig_oif, dev_out, flags); out: return rth; } static struct dst_ops ipv4_dst_blackhole_ops = { .family = AF_INET, .default_advmss = ipv4_default_advmss, .neigh_lookup = ipv4_neigh_lookup, .check = dst_blackhole_check, .cow_metrics = dst_blackhole_cow_metrics, .update_pmtu = dst_blackhole_update_pmtu, .redirect = dst_blackhole_redirect, .mtu = dst_blackhole_mtu, }; struct dst_entry *ipv4_blackhole_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig) { struct rtable *ort = (struct rtable *) dst_orig; struct rtable *rt; rt = dst_alloc(&ipv4_dst_blackhole_ops, NULL, 1, DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD, 0); if (rt) { struct dst_entry *new = &rt->dst; new->__use = 1; new->input = dst_discard; new->output = dst_discard_out; new->dev = net->loopback_dev; if (new->dev) dev_hold(new->dev); rt->rt_is_input = ort->rt_is_input; rt->rt_iif = ort->rt_iif; rt->rt_pmtu = ort->rt_pmtu; rt->rt_mtu_locked = ort->rt_mtu_locked; rt->rt_genid = rt_genid_ipv4(net); rt->rt_flags = ort->rt_flags; rt->rt_type = ort->rt_type; rt->rt_uses_gateway = ort->rt_uses_gateway; rt->rt_gw_family = ort->rt_gw_family; if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET) rt->rt_gw4 = ort->rt_gw4; else if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET6) rt->rt_gw6 = ort->rt_gw6; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rt->rt_uncached); } dst_release(dst_orig); return rt ? &rt->dst : ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } struct rtable *ip_route_output_flow(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp4, const struct sock *sk) { struct rtable *rt = __ip_route_output_key(net, flp4); if (IS_ERR(rt)) return rt; if (flp4->flowi4_proto) { flp4->flowi4_oif = rt->dst.dev->ifindex; rt = (struct rtable *)xfrm_lookup_route(net, &rt->dst, flowi4_to_flowi(flp4), sk, 0); } return rt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ip_route_output_flow); struct rtable *ip_route_output_tunnel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net, __be32 *saddr, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info, u8 protocol, bool use_cache) { #ifdef CONFIG_DST_CACHE struct dst_cache *dst_cache; #endif struct rtable *rt = NULL; struct flowi4 fl4; __u8 tos; #ifdef CONFIG_DST_CACHE dst_cache = (struct dst_cache *)&info->dst_cache; if (use_cache) { rt = dst_cache_get_ip4(dst_cache, saddr); if (rt) return rt; } #endif memset(&fl4, 0, sizeof(fl4)); fl4.flowi4_mark = skb->mark; fl4.flowi4_proto = protocol; fl4.daddr = info->key.u.ipv4.dst; fl4.saddr = info->key.u.ipv4.src; tos = info->key.tos; fl4.flowi4_tos = RT_TOS(tos); rt = ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4); if (IS_ERR(rt)) { netdev_dbg(dev, "no route to %pI4\n", &fl4.daddr); return ERR_PTR(-ENETUNREACH); } if (rt->dst.dev == dev) { /* is this necessary? */ netdev_dbg(dev, "circular route to %pI4\n", &fl4.daddr); ip_rt_put(rt); return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); } #ifdef CONFIG_DST_CACHE if (use_cache) dst_cache_set_ip4(dst_cache, &rt->dst, fl4.saddr); #endif *saddr = fl4.saddr; return rt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ip_route_output_tunnel); /* called with rcu_read_lock held */ static int rt_fill_info(struct net *net, __be32 dst, __be32 src, struct rtable *rt, u32 table_id, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, unsigned int flags) { struct rtmsg *r; struct nlmsghdr *nlh; unsigned long expires = 0; u32 error; u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; nlh = nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, RTM_NEWROUTE, sizeof(*r), flags); if (!nlh) return -EMSGSIZE; r = nlmsg_data(nlh); r->rtm_family = AF_INET; r->rtm_dst_len = 32; r->rtm_src_len = 0; r->rtm_tos = fl4 ? fl4->flowi4_tos : 0; r->rtm_table = table_id < 256 ? table_id : RT_TABLE_COMPAT; if (nla_put_u32(skb, RTA_TABLE, table_id)) goto nla_put_failure; r->rtm_type = rt->rt_type; r->rtm_scope = RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE; r->rtm_protocol = RTPROT_UNSPEC; r->rtm_flags = (rt->rt_flags & ~0xFFFF) | RTM_F_CLONED; if (rt->rt_flags & RTCF_NOTIFY) r->rtm_flags |= RTM_F_NOTIFY; if (IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_DOREDIRECT) r->rtm_flags |= RTCF_DOREDIRECT; if (nla_put_in_addr(skb, RTA_DST, dst)) goto nla_put_failure; if (src) { r->rtm_src_len = 32; if (nla_put_in_addr(skb, RTA_SRC, src)) goto nla_put_failure; } if (rt->dst.dev && nla_put_u32(skb, RTA_OIF, rt->dst.dev->ifindex)) goto nla_put_failure; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID if (rt->dst.tclassid && nla_put_u32(skb, RTA_FLOW, rt->dst.tclassid)) goto nla_put_failure; #endif if (fl4 && !rt_is_input_route(rt) && fl4->saddr != src) { if (nla_put_in_addr(skb, RTA_PREFSRC, fl4->saddr)) goto nla_put_failure; } if (rt->rt_uses_gateway) { if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET && nla_put_in_addr(skb, RTA_GATEWAY, rt->rt_gw4)) { goto nla_put_failure; } else if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET6) { int alen = sizeof(struct in6_addr); struct nlattr *nla; struct rtvia *via; nla = nla_reserve(skb, RTA_VIA, alen + 2); if (!nla) goto nla_put_failure; via = nla_data(nla); via->rtvia_family = AF_INET6; memcpy(via->rtvia_addr, &rt->rt_gw6, alen); } } expires = rt->dst.expires; if (expires) { unsigned long now = jiffies; if (time_before(now, expires)) expires -= now; else expires = 0; } memcpy(metrics, dst_metrics_ptr(&rt->dst), sizeof(metrics)); if (rt->rt_pmtu && expires) metrics[RTAX_MTU - 1] = rt->rt_pmtu; if (rt->rt_mtu_locked && expires) metrics[RTAX_LOCK - 1] |= BIT(RTAX_MTU); if (rtnetlink_put_metrics(skb, metrics) < 0) goto nla_put_failure; if (fl4) { if (fl4->flowi4_mark && nla_put_u32(skb, RTA_MARK, fl4->flowi4_mark)) goto nla_put_failure; if (!uid_eq(fl4->flowi4_uid, INVALID_UID) && nla_put_u32(skb, RTA_UID, from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), fl4->flowi4_uid))) goto nla_put_failure; if (rt_is_input_route(rt)) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE if (ipv4_is_multicast(dst) && !ipv4_is_local_multicast(dst) && IPV4_DEVCONF_ALL(net, MC_FORWARDING)) { int err = ipmr_get_route(net, skb, fl4->saddr, fl4->daddr, r, portid); if (err <= 0) { if (err == 0) return 0; goto nla_put_failure; } } else #endif if (nla_put_u32(skb, RTA_IIF, fl4->flowi4_iif)) goto nla_put_failure; } } error = rt->dst.error; if (rtnl_put_cacheinfo(skb, &rt->dst, 0, expires, error) < 0) goto nla_put_failure; nlmsg_end(skb, nlh); return 0; nla_put_failure: nlmsg_cancel(skb, nlh); return -EMSGSIZE; } static int fnhe_dump_bucket(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, u32 table_id, struct fnhe_hash_bucket *bucket, int genid, int *fa_index, int fa_start, unsigned int flags) { int i; for (i = 0; i < FNHE_HASH_SIZE; i++) { struct fib_nh_exception *fnhe; for (fnhe = rcu_dereference(bucket[i].chain); fnhe; fnhe = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_next)) { struct rtable *rt; int err; if (*fa_index < fa_start) goto next; if (fnhe->fnhe_genid != genid) goto next; if (fnhe->fnhe_expires && time_after(jiffies, fnhe->fnhe_expires)) goto next; rt = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_rth_input); if (!rt) rt = rcu_dereference(fnhe->fnhe_rth_output); if (!rt) goto next; err = rt_fill_info(net, fnhe->fnhe_daddr, 0, rt, table_id, NULL, skb, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid, cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq, flags); if (err) return err; next: (*fa_index)++; } } return 0; } int fib_dump_info_fnhe(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, u32 table_id, struct fib_info *fi, int *fa_index, int fa_start, unsigned int flags) { struct net *net = sock_net(cb->skb->sk); int nhsel, genid = fnhe_genid(net); for (nhsel = 0; nhsel < fib_info_num_path(fi); nhsel++) { struct fib_nh_common *nhc = fib_info_nhc(fi, nhsel); struct fnhe_hash_bucket *bucket; int err; if (nhc->nhc_flags & RTNH_F_DEAD) continue; rcu_read_lock(); bucket = rcu_dereference(nhc->nhc_exceptions); err = 0; if (bucket) err = fnhe_dump_bucket(net, skb, cb, table_id, bucket, genid, fa_index, fa_start, flags); rcu_read_unlock(); if (err) return err; } return 0; } static struct sk_buff *inet_rtm_getroute_build_skb(__be32 src, __be32 dst, u8 ip_proto, __be16 sport, __be16 dport) { struct sk_buff *skb; struct iphdr *iph; skb = alloc_skb(NLMSG_GOODSIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!skb) return NULL; /* Reserve room for dummy headers, this skb can pass * through good chunk of routing engine. */ skb_reset_mac_header(skb); skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IP); iph = skb_put(skb, sizeof(struct iphdr)); iph->protocol = ip_proto; iph->saddr = src; iph->daddr = dst; iph->version = 0x4; iph->frag_off = 0; iph->ihl = 0x5; skb_set_transport_header(skb, skb->len); switch (iph->protocol) { case IPPROTO_UDP: { struct udphdr *udph; udph = skb_put_zero(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr)); udph->source = sport; udph->dest = dport; udph->len = htons(sizeof(struct udphdr)); udph->check = 0; break; } case IPPROTO_TCP: { struct tcphdr *tcph; tcph = skb_put_zero(skb, sizeof(struct tcphdr)); tcph->source = sport; tcph->dest = dport; tcph->doff = sizeof(struct tcphdr) / 4; tcph->rst = 1; tcph->check = ~tcp_v4_check(sizeof(struct tcphdr), src, dst, 0); break; } case IPPROTO_ICMP: { struct icmphdr *icmph; icmph = skb_put_zero(skb, sizeof(struct icmphdr)); icmph->type = ICMP_ECHO; icmph->code = 0; } } return skb; } static int inet_rtm_valid_getroute_req(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct nlattr **tb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct rtmsg *rtm; int i, err; if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(sizeof(*rtm))) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "ipv4: Invalid header for route get request"); return -EINVAL; } if (!netlink_strict_get_check(skb)) return nlmsg_parse_deprecated(nlh, sizeof(*rtm), tb, RTA_MAX, rtm_ipv4_policy, extack); rtm = nlmsg_data(nlh); if ((rtm->rtm_src_len && rtm->rtm_src_len != 32) || (rtm->rtm_dst_len && rtm->rtm_dst_len != 32) || rtm->rtm_table || rtm->rtm_protocol || rtm->rtm_scope || rtm->rtm_type) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "ipv4: Invalid values in header for route get request"); return -EINVAL; } if (rtm->rtm_flags & ~(RTM_F_NOTIFY | RTM_F_LOOKUP_TABLE | RTM_F_FIB_MATCH)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "ipv4: Unsupported rtm_flags for route get request"); return -EINVAL; } err = nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict(nlh, sizeof(*rtm), tb, RTA_MAX, rtm_ipv4_policy, extack); if (err) return err; if ((tb[RTA_SRC] && !rtm->rtm_src_len) || (tb[RTA_DST] && !rtm->rtm_dst_len)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "ipv4: rtm_src_len and rtm_dst_len must be 32 for IPv4"); return -EINVAL; } for (i = 0; i <= RTA_MAX; i++) { if (!tb[i]) continue; switch (i) { case RTA_IIF: case RTA_OIF: case RTA_SRC: case RTA_DST: case RTA_IP_PROTO: case RTA_SPORT: case RTA_DPORT: case RTA_MARK: case RTA_UID: break; default: NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "ipv4: Unsupported attribute in route get request"); return -EINVAL; } } return 0; } static int inet_rtm_getroute(struct sk_buff *in_skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct net *net = sock_net(in_skb->sk); struct nlattr *tb[RTA_MAX+1]; u32 table_id = RT_TABLE_MAIN; __be16 sport = 0, dport = 0; struct fib_result res = {}; u8 ip_proto = IPPROTO_UDP; struct rtable *rt = NULL; struct sk_buff *skb; struct rtmsg *rtm; struct flowi4 fl4 = {}; __be32 dst = 0; __be32 src = 0; kuid_t uid; u32 iif; int err; int mark; err = inet_rtm_valid_getroute_req(in_skb, nlh, tb, extack); if (err < 0) return err; rtm = nlmsg_data(nlh); src = tb[RTA_SRC] ? nla_get_in_addr(tb[RTA_SRC]) : 0; dst = tb[RTA_DST] ? nla_get_in_addr(tb[RTA_DST]) : 0; iif = tb[RTA_IIF] ? nla_get_u32(tb[RTA_IIF]) : 0; mark = tb[RTA_MARK] ? nla_get_u32(tb[RTA_MARK]) : 0; if (tb[RTA_UID]) uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), nla_get_u32(tb[RTA_UID])); else uid = (iif ? INVALID_UID : current_uid()); if (tb[RTA_IP_PROTO]) { err = rtm_getroute_parse_ip_proto(tb[RTA_IP_PROTO], &ip_proto, AF_INET, extack); if (err) return err; } if (tb[RTA_SPORT]) sport = nla_get_be16(tb[RTA_SPORT]); if (tb[RTA_DPORT]) dport = nla_get_be16(tb[RTA_DPORT]); skb = inet_rtm_getroute_build_skb(src, dst, ip_proto, sport, dport); if (!skb) return -ENOBUFS; fl4.daddr = dst; fl4.saddr = src; fl4.flowi4_tos = rtm->rtm_tos & IPTOS_RT_MASK; fl4.flowi4_oif = tb[RTA_OIF] ? nla_get_u32(tb[RTA_OIF]) : 0; fl4.flowi4_mark = mark; fl4.flowi4_uid = uid; if (sport) fl4.fl4_sport = sport; if (dport) fl4.fl4_dport = dport; fl4.flowi4_proto = ip_proto; rcu_read_lock(); if (iif) { struct net_device *dev; dev = dev_get_by_index_rcu(net, iif); if (!dev) { err = -ENODEV; goto errout_rcu; } fl4.flowi4_iif = iif; /* for rt_fill_info */ skb->dev = dev; skb->mark = mark; err = ip_route_input_rcu(skb, dst, src, rtm->rtm_tos & IPTOS_RT_MASK, dev, &res); rt = skb_rtable(skb); if (err == 0 && rt->dst.error) err = -rt->dst.error; } else { fl4.flowi4_iif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; skb->dev = net->loopback_dev; rt = ip_route_output_key_hash_rcu(net, &fl4, &res, skb); err = 0; if (IS_ERR(rt)) err = PTR_ERR(rt); else skb_dst_set(skb, &rt->dst); } if (err) goto errout_rcu; if (rtm->rtm_flags & RTM_F_NOTIFY) rt->rt_flags |= RTCF_NOTIFY; if (rtm->rtm_flags & RTM_F_LOOKUP_TABLE) table_id = res.table ? res.table->tb_id : 0; /* reset skb for netlink reply msg */ skb_trim(skb, 0); skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb_reset_transport_header(skb); skb_reset_mac_header(skb); if (rtm->rtm_flags & RTM_F_FIB_MATCH) { struct fib_rt_info fri; if (!res.fi) { err = fib_props[res.type].error; if (!err) err = -EHOSTUNREACH; goto errout_rcu; } fri.fi = res.fi; fri.tb_id = table_id; fri.dst = res.prefix; fri.dst_len = res.prefixlen; fri.tos = fl4.flowi4_tos; fri.type = rt->rt_type; fri.offload = 0; fri.trap = 0; if (res.fa_head) { struct fib_alias *fa; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(fa, res.fa_head, fa_list) { u8 slen = 32 - fri.dst_len; if (fa->fa_slen == slen && fa->tb_id == fri.tb_id && fa->fa_tos == fri.tos && fa->fa_info == res.fi && fa->fa_type == fri.type) { fri.offload = fa->offload; fri.trap = fa->trap; break; } } } err = fib_dump_info(skb, NETLINK_CB(in_skb).portid, nlh->nlmsg_seq, RTM_NEWROUTE, &fri, 0); } else { err = rt_fill_info(net, dst, src, rt, table_id, &fl4, skb, NETLINK_CB(in_skb).portid, nlh->nlmsg_seq, 0); } if (err < 0) goto errout_rcu; rcu_read_unlock(); err = rtnl_unicast(skb, net, NETLINK_CB(in_skb).portid); errout_free: return err; errout_rcu: rcu_read_unlock(); kfree_skb(skb); goto errout_free; } void ip_rt_multicast_event(struct in_device *in_dev) { rt_cache_flush(dev_net(in_dev->dev)); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static int ip_rt_gc_interval __read_mostly = 60 * HZ; static int ip_rt_gc_min_interval __read_mostly = HZ / 2; static int ip_rt_gc_elasticity __read_mostly = 8; static int ip_min_valid_pmtu __read_mostly = IPV4_MIN_MTU; static int ipv4_sysctl_rtcache_flush(struct ctl_table *__ctl, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { struct net *net = (struct net *)__ctl->extra1; if (write) { rt_cache_flush(net); fnhe_genid_bump(net); return 0; } return -EINVAL; } static struct ctl_table ipv4_route_table[] = { { .procname = "gc_thresh", .data = &ipv4_dst_ops.gc_thresh, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { .procname = "max_size", .data = &ip_rt_max_size, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { /* Deprecated. Use gc_min_interval_ms */ .procname = "gc_min_interval", .data = &ip_rt_gc_min_interval, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_jiffies, }, { .procname = "gc_min_interval_ms", .data = &ip_rt_gc_min_interval, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_ms_jiffies, }, { .procname = "gc_timeout", .data = &ip_rt_gc_timeout, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_jiffies, }, { .procname = "gc_interval", .data = &ip_rt_gc_interval, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_jiffies, }, { .procname = "redirect_load", .data = &ip_rt_redirect_load, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { .procname = "redirect_number", .data = &ip_rt_redirect_number, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { .procname = "redirect_silence", .data = &ip_rt_redirect_silence, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { .procname = "error_cost", .data = &ip_rt_error_cost, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { .procname = "error_burst", .data = &ip_rt_error_burst, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { .procname = "gc_elasticity", .data = &ip_rt_gc_elasticity, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { .procname = "mtu_expires", .data = &ip_rt_mtu_expires, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_jiffies, }, { .procname = "min_pmtu", .data = &ip_rt_min_pmtu, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax, .extra1 = &ip_min_valid_pmtu, }, { .procname = "min_adv_mss", .data = &ip_rt_min_advmss, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_dointvec, }, { } }; static const char ipv4_route_flush_procname[] = "flush"; static struct ctl_table ipv4_route_flush_table[] = { { .procname = ipv4_route_flush_procname, .maxlen = sizeof(int), .mode = 0200, .proc_handler = ipv4_sysctl_rtcache_flush, }, { }, }; static __net_init int sysctl_route_net_init(struct net *net) { struct ctl_table *tbl; tbl = ipv4_route_flush_table; if (!net_eq(net, &init_net)) { tbl = kmemdup(tbl, sizeof(ipv4_route_flush_table), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tbl) goto err_dup; /* Don't export non-whitelisted sysctls to unprivileged users */ if (net->user_ns != &init_user_ns) { if (tbl[0].procname != ipv4_route_flush_procname) tbl[0].procname = NULL; } } tbl[0].extra1 = net; net->ipv4.route_hdr = register_net_sysctl(net, "net/ipv4/route", tbl); if (!net->ipv4.route_hdr) goto err_reg; return 0; err_reg: if (tbl != ipv4_route_flush_table) kfree(tbl); err_dup: return -ENOMEM; } static __net_exit void sysctl_route_net_exit(struct net *net) { struct ctl_table *tbl; tbl = net->ipv4.route_hdr->ctl_table_arg; unregister_net_sysctl_table(net->ipv4.route_hdr); BUG_ON(tbl == ipv4_route_flush_table); kfree(tbl); } static __net_initdata struct pernet_operations sysctl_route_ops = { .init = sysctl_route_net_init, .exit = sysctl_route_net_exit, }; #endif static __net_init int rt_genid_init(struct net *net) { atomic_set(&net->ipv4.rt_genid, 0); atomic_set(&net->fnhe_genid, 0); atomic_set(&net->ipv4.dev_addr_genid, get_random_int()); return 0; } static __net_initdata struct pernet_operations rt_genid_ops = { .init = rt_genid_init, }; static int __net_init ipv4_inetpeer_init(struct net *net) { struct inet_peer_base *bp = kmalloc(sizeof(*bp), GFP_KERNEL); if (!bp) return -ENOMEM; inet_peer_base_init(bp); net->ipv4.peers = bp; return 0; } static void __net_exit ipv4_inetpeer_exit(struct net *net) { struct inet_peer_base *bp = net->ipv4.peers; net->ipv4.peers = NULL; inetpeer_invalidate_tree(bp); kfree(bp); } static __net_initdata struct pernet_operations ipv4_inetpeer_ops = { .init = ipv4_inetpeer_init, .exit = ipv4_inetpeer_exit, }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID struct ip_rt_acct __percpu *ip_rt_acct __read_mostly; #endif /* CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID */ int __init ip_rt_init(void) { void *idents_hash; int cpu; /* For modern hosts, this will use 2 MB of memory */ idents_hash = alloc_large_system_hash("IP idents", sizeof(*ip_idents) + sizeof(*ip_tstamps), 0, 16, /* one bucket per 64 KB */ HASH_ZERO, NULL, &ip_idents_mask, 2048, 256*1024); ip_idents = idents_hash; prandom_bytes(ip_idents, (ip_idents_mask + 1) * sizeof(*ip_idents)); ip_tstamps = idents_hash + (ip_idents_mask + 1) * sizeof(*ip_idents); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct uncached_list *ul = &per_cpu(rt_uncached_list, cpu); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ul->head); spin_lock_init(&ul->lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID ip_rt_acct = __alloc_percpu(256 * sizeof(struct ip_rt_acct), __alignof__(struct ip_rt_acct)); if (!ip_rt_acct) panic("IP: failed to allocate ip_rt_acct\n"); #endif ipv4_dst_ops.kmem_cachep = kmem_cache_create("ip_dst_cache", sizeof(struct rtable), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL); ipv4_dst_blackhole_ops.kmem_cachep = ipv4_dst_ops.kmem_cachep; if (dst_entries_init(&ipv4_dst_ops) < 0) panic("IP: failed to allocate ipv4_dst_ops counter\n"); if (dst_entries_init(&ipv4_dst_blackhole_ops) < 0) panic("IP: failed to allocate ipv4_dst_blackhole_ops counter\n"); ipv4_dst_ops.gc_thresh = ~0; ip_rt_max_size = INT_MAX; devinet_init(); ip_fib_init(); if (ip_rt_proc_init()) pr_err("Unable to create route proc files\n"); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM xfrm_init(); xfrm4_init(); #endif rtnl_register(PF_INET, RTM_GETROUTE, inet_rtm_getroute, NULL, RTNL_FLAG_DOIT_UNLOCKED); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL register_pernet_subsys(&sysctl_route_ops); #endif register_pernet_subsys(&rt_genid_ops); register_pernet_subsys(&ipv4_inetpeer_ops); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL /* * We really need to sanitize the damn ipv4 init order, then all * this nonsense will go away. */ void __init ip_static_sysctl_init(void) { register_net_sysctl(&init_net, "net/ipv4/route", ipv4_route_table); } #endif
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======================================================================== * Netlink Messages and Attributes Interface (As Seen On TV) * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Messages Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Message Format: * <--- nlmsg_total_size(payload) ---> * <-- nlmsg_msg_size(payload) -> * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * | nlmsghdr | Pad | Payload | Pad | nlmsghdr * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * nlmsg_data(nlh)---^ ^ * nlmsg_next(nlh)-----------------------+ * * Payload Format: * <---------------------- nlmsg_len(nlh) ---------------------> * <------ hdrlen ------> <- nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) -> * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * | Family Header | Pad | Attributes | * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen)---^ * * Data Structures: * struct nlmsghdr netlink message header * * Message Construction: * nlmsg_new() create a new netlink message * nlmsg_put() add a netlink message to an skb * nlmsg_put_answer() callback based nlmsg_put() * nlmsg_end() finalize netlink message * nlmsg_get_pos() return current position in message * nlmsg_trim() trim part of message * nlmsg_cancel() cancel message construction * nlmsg_free() free a netlink message * * Message Sending: * nlmsg_multicast() multicast message to several groups * nlmsg_unicast() unicast a message to a single socket * nlmsg_notify() send notification message * * Message Length Calculations: * nlmsg_msg_size(payload) length of message w/o padding * nlmsg_total_size(payload) length of message w/ padding * nlmsg_padlen(payload) length of padding at tail * * Message Payload Access: * nlmsg_data(nlh) head of message payload * nlmsg_len(nlh) length of message payload * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen) head of attributes data * nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) length of attributes data * * Message Parsing: * nlmsg_ok(nlh, remaining) does nlh fit into remaining bytes? * nlmsg_next(nlh, remaining) get next netlink message * nlmsg_parse() parse attributes of a message * nlmsg_find_attr() find an attribute in a message * nlmsg_for_each_msg() loop over all messages * nlmsg_validate() validate netlink message incl. attrs * nlmsg_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * * Misc: * nlmsg_report() report back to application? * * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Attributes Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Attribute Format: * <------- nla_total_size(payload) -------> * <---- nla_attr_size(payload) -----> * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * | Header | Pad | Payload | Pad | Header * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * <- nla_len(nla) -> ^ * nla_data(nla)----^ | * nla_next(nla)-----------------------------' * * Data Structures: * struct nlattr netlink attribute header * * Attribute Construction: * nla_reserve(skb, type, len) reserve room for an attribute * nla_reserve_nohdr(skb, len) reserve room for an attribute w/o hdr * nla_put(skb, type, len, data) add attribute to skb * nla_put_nohdr(skb, len, data) add attribute w/o hdr * nla_append(skb, len, data) append data to skb * * Attribute Construction for Basic Types: * nla_put_u8(skb, type, value) add u8 attribute to skb * nla_put_u16(skb, type, value) add u16 attribute to skb * nla_put_u32(skb, type, value) add u32 attribute to skb * nla_put_u64_64bit(skb, type, * value, padattr) add u64 attribute to skb * nla_put_s8(skb, type, value) add s8 attribute to skb * nla_put_s16(skb, type, value) add s16 attribute to skb * nla_put_s32(skb, type, value) add s32 attribute to skb * nla_put_s64(skb, type, value, * padattr) add s64 attribute to skb * nla_put_string(skb, type, str) add string attribute to skb * nla_put_flag(skb, type) add flag attribute to skb * nla_put_msecs(skb, type, jiffies, * padattr) add msecs attribute to skb * nla_put_in_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv4 address attribute to skb * nla_put_in6_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv6 address attribute to skb * * Nested Attributes Construction: * nla_nest_start(skb, type) start a nested attribute * nla_nest_end(skb, nla) finalize a nested attribute * nla_nest_cancel(skb, nla) cancel nested attribute construction * * Attribute Length Calculations: * nla_attr_size(payload) length of attribute w/o padding * nla_total_size(payload) length of attribute w/ padding * nla_padlen(payload) length of padding * * Attribute Payload Access: * nla_data(nla) head of attribute payload * nla_len(nla) length of attribute payload * * Attribute Payload Access for Basic Types: * nla_get_u8(nla) get payload for a u8 attribute * nla_get_u16(nla) get payload for a u16 attribute * nla_get_u32(nla) get payload for a u32 attribute * nla_get_u64(nla) get payload for a u64 attribute * nla_get_s8(nla) get payload for a s8 attribute * nla_get_s16(nla) get payload for a s16 attribute * nla_get_s32(nla) get payload for a s32 attribute * nla_get_s64(nla) get payload for a s64 attribute * nla_get_flag(nla) return 1 if flag is true * nla_get_msecs(nla) get payload for a msecs attribute * * Attribute Misc: * nla_memcpy(dest, nla, count) copy attribute into memory * nla_memcmp(nla, data, size) compare attribute with memory area * nla_strlcpy(dst, nla, size) copy attribute to a sized string * nla_strcmp(nla, str) compare attribute with string * * Attribute Parsing: * nla_ok(nla, remaining) does nla fit into remaining bytes? * nla_next(nla, remaining) get next netlink attribute * nla_validate() validate a stream of attributes * nla_validate_nested() validate a stream of nested attributes * nla_find() find attribute in stream of attributes * nla_find_nested() find attribute in nested attributes * nla_parse() parse and validate stream of attrs * nla_parse_nested() parse nested attributes * nla_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * nla_for_each_nested() loop over the nested attributes *========================================================================= */ /** * Standard attribute types to specify validation policy */ enum { NLA_UNSPEC, NLA_U8, NLA_U16, NLA_U32, NLA_U64, NLA_STRING, NLA_FLAG, NLA_MSECS, NLA_NESTED, NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, NLA_NUL_STRING, NLA_BINARY, NLA_S8, NLA_S16, NLA_S32, NLA_S64, NLA_BITFIELD32, NLA_REJECT, __NLA_TYPE_MAX, }; #define NLA_TYPE_MAX (__NLA_TYPE_MAX - 1) struct netlink_range_validation { u64 min, max; }; struct netlink_range_validation_signed { s64 min, max; }; enum nla_policy_validation { NLA_VALIDATE_NONE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, }; /** * struct nla_policy - attribute validation policy * @type: Type of attribute or NLA_UNSPEC * @validation_type: type of attribute validation done in addition to * type-specific validation (e.g. range, function call), see * &enum nla_policy_validation * @len: Type specific length of payload * * Policies are defined as arrays of this struct, the array must be * accessible by attribute type up to the highest identifier to be expected. * * Meaning of `len' field: * NLA_STRING Maximum length of string * NLA_NUL_STRING Maximum length of string (excluding NUL) * NLA_FLAG Unused * NLA_BINARY Maximum length of attribute payload * (but see also below with the validation type) * NLA_NESTED, * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY Length verification is done by checking len of * nested header (or empty); len field is used if * nested_policy is also used, for the max attr * number in the nested policy. * NLA_U8, NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, NLA_S64, * NLA_MSECS Leaving the length field zero will verify the * given type fits, using it verifies minimum length * just like "All other" * NLA_BITFIELD32 Unused * NLA_REJECT Unused * All other Minimum length of attribute payload * * Meaning of validation union: * NLA_BITFIELD32 This is a 32-bit bitmap/bitselector attribute and * `bitfield32_valid' is the u32 value of valid flags * NLA_REJECT This attribute is always rejected and `reject_message' * may point to a string to report as the error instead * of the generic one in extended ACK. * NLA_NESTED `nested_policy' to a nested policy to validate, must * also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use the * provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED() macro. * Note that nla_parse() will validate, but of course not * parse, the nested sub-policies. * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY `nested_policy' points to a nested policy to validate, * must also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use * the provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY() macro. * The difference to NLA_NESTED is the structure: * NLA_NESTED has the nested attributes directly inside * while an array has the nested attributes at another * level down and the attribute types directly in the * nesting don't matter. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 The `min' and `max' fields are used depending on the * validation_type field, if that is min/max/range then * the min, max or both are used (respectively) to check * the value of the integer attribute. * Note that in the interest of code simplicity and * struct size both limits are s16, so you cannot * enforce a range that doesn't fall within the range * of s16 - do that as usual in the code instead. * Use the NLA_POLICY_MIN(), NLA_POLICY_MAX() and * NLA_POLICY_RANGE() macros. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range' must be a pointer * to a struct netlink_range_validation that indicates * the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(). * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range_signed' must be a * pointer to a struct netlink_range_validation_signed * that indicates the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(). * * NLA_BINARY If the validation type is like the ones for integers * above, then the min/max length (not value like for * integers) of the attribute is enforced. * * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Meaning of `validate' field, use via NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN: * NLA_BINARY Validation function called for the attribute. * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Example: * * static const u32 myvalidflags = 0xff231023; * * static const struct nla_policy my_policy[ATTR_MAX+1] = { * [ATTR_FOO] = { .type = NLA_U16 }, * [ATTR_BAR] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = BARSIZ }, * [ATTR_BAZ] = NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(sizeof(struct mystruct)), * [ATTR_GOO] = NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(myvalidflags), * }; */ struct nla_policy { u8 type; u8 validation_type; u16 len; union { const u32 bitfield32_valid; const u32 mask; const char *reject_message; const struct nla_policy *nested_policy; struct netlink_range_validation *range; struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range_signed; struct { s16 min, max; }; int (*validate)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* This entry is special, and used for the attribute at index 0 * only, and specifies special data about the policy, namely it * specifies the "boundary type" where strict length validation * starts for any attribute types >= this value, also, strict * nesting validation starts here. * * Additionally, it means that NLA_UNSPEC is actually NLA_REJECT * for any types >= this, so need to use NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN() to * get the previous pure { .len = xyz } behaviour. The advantage * of this is that types not specified in the policy will be * rejected. * * For completely new families it should be set to 1 so that the * validation is enforced for all attributes. For existing ones * it should be set at least when new attributes are added to * the enum used by the policy, and be set to the new value that * was added to enforce strict validation from thereon. */ u16 strict_start_type; }; }; #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(ETH_ALEN) #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR_COMPAT NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(ETH_ALEN) #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(valid) \ { .type = NLA_BITFIELD32, .bitfield32_valid = valid } #define __NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_U8 || tp == NLA_U16 || tp == NLA_U32 || tp == NLA_U64) #define __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_S8 || tp == NLA_S16 || tp == NLA_S32 || tp == NLA_S64) #define __NLA_ENSURE(condition) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!(condition)) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(tp != NLA_BITFIELD32 && \ tp != NLA_REJECT && \ tp != NLA_NESTED && \ tp != NLA_NESTED_ARRAY) + tp) #define NLA_POLICY_RANGE(tp, _min, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, \ .min = _min, \ .max = _max \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range_signed = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN(tp, _min) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, \ .min = _min, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MAX(tp, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, \ .max = _max, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MASK(tp, _mask) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, \ .mask = _mask, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN(tp, fn, ...) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, \ .validate = fn, \ .len = __VA_ARGS__ + 0, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_RANGE(NLA_BINARY, _len, _len) #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(_len) { \ .type = NLA_BINARY, \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, \ .min = _len, \ .max = _len \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_MIN(NLA_BINARY, _len) /** * struct nl_info - netlink source information * @nlh: Netlink message header of original request * @nl_net: Network namespace * @portid: Netlink PORTID of requesting application * @skip_notify: Skip netlink notifications to user space * @skip_notify_kernel: Skip selected in-kernel notifications */ struct nl_info { struct nlmsghdr *nlh; struct net *nl_net; u32 portid; u8 skip_notify:1, skip_notify_kernel:1; }; /** * enum netlink_validation - netlink message/attribute validation levels * @NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL: Old-style "be liberal" validation, not caring about * extra data at the end of the message, attributes being longer than * they should be, or unknown attributes being present. * @NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING: Reject junk data encountered after attribute parsing. * @NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE: Reject attributes > max type; Together with _TRAILING * this is equivalent to the old nla_parse_strict()/nlmsg_parse_strict(). * @NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC: Reject attributes with NLA_UNSPEC in the policy. * This can safely be set by the kernel when the given policy has no * NLA_UNSPEC anymore, and can thus be used to ensure policy entries * are enforced going forward. * @NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS: strict attribute policy parsing (e.g. * U8, U16, U32 must have exact size, etc.) * @NL_VALIDATE_NESTED: Check that NLA_F_NESTED is set for NLA_NESTED(_ARRAY) * and unset for other policies. */ enum netlink_validation { NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL = 0, NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING = BIT(0), NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE = BIT(1), NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC = BIT(2), NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS = BIT(3), NL_VALIDATE_NESTED = BIT(4), }; #define NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE) #define NL_VALIDATE_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE |\ NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC |\ NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS |\ NL_VALIDATE_NESTED) int netlink_rcv_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*cb)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *)); int nlmsg_notify(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, int report, gfp_t flags); int __nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int __nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int nla_policy_len(const struct nla_policy *, int); struct nlattr *nla_find(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int attrtype); size_t nla_strlcpy(char *dst, const struct nlattr *nla, size_t dstsize); char *nla_strdup(const struct nlattr *nla, gfp_t flags); int nla_memcpy(void *dest, const struct nlattr *src, int count); int nla_memcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const void *data, size_t size); int nla_strcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const char *str); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *__nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); void __nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); void __nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); void __nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); int nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_append(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); /************************************************************************** * Netlink Messages **************************************************************************/ /** * nlmsg_msg_size - length of netlink message not including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_msg_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nlmsg_total_size - length of netlink message including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_total_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_ALIGN(nlmsg_msg_size(payload)); } /** * nlmsg_padlen - length of padding at the message's tail * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_padlen(int payload) { return nlmsg_total_size(payload) - nlmsg_msg_size(payload); } /** * nlmsg_data - head of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline void *nlmsg_data(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return (unsigned char *) nlh + NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_len - length of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline int nlmsg_len(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return nlh->nlmsg_len - NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_attrdata - head of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_attrdata(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { unsigned char *data = nlmsg_data(nlh); return (struct nlattr *) (data + NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen)); } /** * nlmsg_attrlen - length of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline int nlmsg_attrlen(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { return nlmsg_len(nlh) - NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen); } /** * nlmsg_ok - check if the netlink message fits into the remaining bytes * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream */ static inline int nlmsg_ok(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int remaining) { return (remaining >= (int) sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len >= sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len <= remaining); } /** * nlmsg_next - next netlink message in message stream * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream * * Returns the next netlink message in the message stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current message. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr * nlmsg_next(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLMSG_ALIGN(nlh->nlmsg_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlmsghdr *) ((unsigned char *) nlh + totlen); } /** * nla_parse - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected, policy must be specified, attributes * will be validated in the strictest way possible. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be ignored and attributes from the policy are not * always strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated_strict - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected as well as trailing data, but the * policy is not completely strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated_strict(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * __nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int __nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "Invalid header length"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), policy, validate, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated_strict() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_find_attr - find a specific attribute in a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_find_attr(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), attrtype); } /** * nla_validate_deprecated - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in liberal mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate_deprecated(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_validate - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in strict mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_validate_deprecated - validate a netlink message including attributes * @nlh: netlinket message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ static inline int nlmsg_validate_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) return -EINVAL; return __nla_validate(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_report - need to report back to application? * @nlh: netlink message header * * Returns 1 if a report back to the application is requested. */ static inline int nlmsg_report(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return !!(nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ECHO); } /** * nlmsg_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_attr(pos, nlh, hdrlen, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), \ nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), rem) /** * nlmsg_put - Add a new netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @portid: netlink PORTID of requesting application * @seq: sequence number of message * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int payload, int flags) { if (unlikely(skb_tailroom(skb) < nlmsg_total_size(payload))) return NULL; return __nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_put_answer - Add a new callback based netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @cb: netlink callback * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put_answer(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int type, int payload, int flags) { return nlmsg_put(skb, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid, cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_new - Allocate a new netlink message * @payload: size of the message payload * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * Use NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE if the size of the payload isn't known * and a good default is needed. */ static inline struct sk_buff *nlmsg_new(size_t payload, gfp_t flags) { return alloc_skb(nlmsg_total_size(payload), flags); } /** * nlmsg_end - Finalize a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Corrects the netlink message header to include the appeneded * attributes. Only necessary if attributes have been added to * the message. */ static inline void nlmsg_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlh->nlmsg_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)nlh; } /** * nlmsg_get_pos - return current position in netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Returns a pointer to the current tail of the message. */ static inline void *nlmsg_get_pos(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_tail_pointer(skb); } /** * nlmsg_trim - Trim message to a mark * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @mark: mark to trim to * * Trims the message to the provided mark. */ static inline void nlmsg_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *mark) { if (mark) { WARN_ON((unsigned char *) mark < skb->data); skb_trim(skb, (unsigned char *) mark - skb->data); } } /** * nlmsg_cancel - Cancel construction of a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Removes the complete netlink message including all * attributes from the socket buffer again. */ static inline void nlmsg_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlmsg_trim(skb, nlh); } /** * nlmsg_free - free a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer of netlink message */ static inline void nlmsg_free(struct sk_buff *skb) { kfree_skb(skb); } /** * nlmsg_multicast - multicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread messages to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: multicast group id * @flags: allocation flags */ static inline int nlmsg_multicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags) { int err; NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = group; err = netlink_broadcast(sk, skb, portid, group, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_unicast - unicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread message to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: netlink portid of the destination socket */ static inline int nlmsg_unicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid) { int err; err = netlink_unicast(sk, skb, portid, MSG_DONTWAIT); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_for_each_msg - iterate over a stream of messages * @pos: loop counter, set to current message * @head: head of message stream * @len: length of message stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_msg(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nlmsg_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nlmsg_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nl_dump_check_consistent - check if sequence is consistent and advertise if not * @cb: netlink callback structure that stores the sequence number * @nlh: netlink message header to write the flag to * * This function checks if the sequence (generation) number changed during dump * and if it did, advertises it in the netlink message header. * * The correct way to use it is to set cb->seq to the generation counter when * all locks for dumping have been acquired, and then call this function for * each message that is generated. * * Note that due to initialisation concerns, 0 is an invalid sequence number * and must not be used by code that uses this functionality. */ static inline void nl_dump_check_consistent(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (cb->prev_seq && cb->seq != cb->prev_seq) nlh->nlmsg_flags |= NLM_F_DUMP_INTR; cb->prev_seq = cb->seq; } /************************************************************************** * Netlink Attributes **************************************************************************/ /** * nla_attr_size - length of attribute not including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_attr_size(int payload) { return NLA_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nla_total_size - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)); } /** * nla_padlen - length of padding at the tail of attribute * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_padlen(int payload) { return nla_total_size(payload) - nla_attr_size(payload); } /** * nla_type - attribute type * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_type(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_type & NLA_TYPE_MASK; } /** * nla_data - head of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline void *nla_data(const struct nlattr *nla) { return (char *) nla + NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_len - length of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_len(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_len - NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_ok - check if the netlink attribute fits into the remaining bytes * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream */ static inline int nla_ok(const struct nlattr *nla, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int) sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len >= sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len <= remaining; } /** * nla_next - next netlink attribute in attribute stream * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream * * Returns the next netlink attribute in the attribute stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current attribute. */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_next(const struct nlattr *nla, int *remaining) { unsigned int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) nla + totlen); } /** * nla_find_nested - find attribute in a set of nested attributes * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr * nla_find_nested(const struct nlattr *nla, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), attrtype); } /** * nla_parse_nested - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (!(nla->nla_type & NLA_F_NESTED)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, nla, "NLA_F_NESTED is missing"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_nested_deprecated - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested_deprecated(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_put_u8 - Add a u8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u8 value) { /* temporary variables to work around GCC PR81715 with asan-stack=1 */ u8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u16 - Add a u16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u16 value) { u16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be16 - Add a __be16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net16 - Add 16-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put_be16(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le16 - Add a __le16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le16 value) { __le16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u32 - Add a u32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u32 value) { u32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be32 - Add a __be32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net32 - Add 32-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le32 - Add a __le32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le32 value) { __le32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u64_64bit - Add a u64 netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_u64_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u64 value, int padattr) { u64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_be64 - Add a __be64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_be64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_net64 - Add 64-bit network byte order nlattr to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_net64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_be64(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_le64 - Add a __le64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_le64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le64 value, int padattr) { __le64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_s8 - Add a s8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s8 value) { s8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s16 - Add a s16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s16 value) { s16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s32 - Add a s32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s32 value) { s32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s64 - Add a s64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_s64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s64 value, int padattr) { s64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_string - Add a string netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @str: NUL terminated string */ static inline int nla_put_string(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const char *str) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, strlen(str) + 1, str); } /** * nla_put_flag - Add a flag netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type */ static inline int nla_put_flag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL); } /** * nla_put_msecs - Add a msecs netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @njiffies: number of jiffies to convert to msecs * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_msecs(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, unsigned long njiffies, int padattr) { u64 tmp = jiffies_to_msecs(njiffies); return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_in_addr - Add an IPv4 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv4 address */ static inline int nla_put_in_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 addr) { __be32 tmp = addr; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype, tmp); } /** * nla_put_in6_addr - Add an IPv6 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv6 address */ static inline int nla_put_in6_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const struct in6_addr *addr) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(*addr), addr); } /** * nla_put_bitfield32 - Add a bitfield32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: value carrying bits * @selector: selector of valid bits */ static inline int nla_put_bitfield32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __u32 value, __u32 selector) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp = { value, selector, }; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(tmp), &tmp); } /** * nla_get_u32 - return payload of u32 attribute * @nla: u32 netlink attribute */ static inline u32 nla_get_u32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be32 - return payload of __be32 attribute * @nla: __be32 netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_be32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le32 - return payload of __le32 attribute * @nla: __le32 netlink attribute */ static inline __le32 nla_get_le32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u16 - return payload of u16 attribute * @nla: u16 netlink attribute */ static inline u16 nla_get_u16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be16 - return payload of __be16 attribute * @nla: __be16 netlink attribute */ static inline __be16 nla_get_be16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le16 - return payload of __le16 attribute * @nla: __le16 netlink attribute */ static inline __le16 nla_get_le16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u8 - return payload of u8 attribute * @nla: u8 netlink attribute */ static inline u8 nla_get_u8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u64 - return payload of u64 attribute * @nla: u64 netlink attribute */ static inline u64 nla_get_u64(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_be64 - return payload of __be64 attribute * @nla: __be64 netlink attribute */ static inline __be64 nla_get_be64(const struct nlattr *nla) { __be64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_le64 - return payload of __le64 attribute * @nla: __le64 netlink attribute */ static inline __le64 nla_get_le64(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le64 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s32 - return payload of s32 attribute * @nla: s32 netlink attribute */ static inline s32 nla_get_s32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s16 - return payload of s16 attribute * @nla: s16 netlink attribute */ static inline s16 nla_get_s16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s8 - return payload of s8 attribute * @nla: s8 netlink attribute */ static inline s8 nla_get_s8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s64 - return payload of s64 attribute * @nla: s64 netlink attribute */ static inline s64 nla_get_s64(const struct nlattr *nla) { s64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_flag - return payload of flag attribute * @nla: flag netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_get_flag(const struct nlattr *nla) { return !!nla; } /** * nla_get_msecs - return payload of msecs attribute * @nla: msecs netlink attribute * * Returns the number of milliseconds in jiffies. */ static inline unsigned long nla_get_msecs(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 msecs = nla_get_u64(nla); return msecs_to_jiffies((unsigned long) msecs); } /** * nla_get_in_addr - return payload of IPv4 address attribute * @nla: IPv4 address netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_in_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_in6_addr - return payload of IPv6 address attribute * @nla: IPv6 address netlink attribute */ static inline struct in6_addr nla_get_in6_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct in6_addr tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_bitfield32 - return payload of 32 bitfield attribute * @nla: nla_bitfield32 attribute */ static inline struct nla_bitfield32 nla_get_bitfield32(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_memdup - duplicate attribute memory (kmemdup) * @src: netlink attribute to duplicate from * @gfp: GFP mask */ static inline void *nla_memdup(const struct nlattr *src, gfp_t gfp) { return kmemdup(nla_data(src), nla_len(src), gfp); } /** * nla_nest_start_noflag - Start a new level of nested attributes * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * This function exists for backward compatibility to use in APIs which never * marked their nest attributes with NLA_F_NESTED flag. New APIs should use * nla_nest_start() which sets the flag. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start_noflag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { struct nlattr *start = (struct nlattr *)skb_tail_pointer(skb); if (nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL) < 0) return NULL; return start; } /** * nla_nest_start - Start a new level of nested attributes, with NLA_F_NESTED * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * Unlike nla_nest_start_noflag(), mark the nest attribute with NLA_F_NESTED * flag. This is the preferred function to use in new code. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_nest_start_noflag(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NESTED); } /** * nla_nest_end - Finalize nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the attributes are stored in * @start: container attribute * * Corrects the container attribute header to include the all * appeneded attributes. * * Returns the total data length of the skb. */ static inline int nla_nest_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { start->nla_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)start; return skb->len; } /** * nla_nest_cancel - Cancel nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @start: container attribute * * Removes the container attribute and including all nested * attributes. Returns -EMSGSIZE */ static inline void nla_nest_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { nlmsg_trim(skb, start); } /** * __nla_validate_nested - Validate a stream of nested attributes * @start: container attribute * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the nested attribute stream against the * specified policy. Attributes with a type exceeding maxtype will be * ignored. See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int __nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(nla_data(start), nla_len(start), maxtype, policy, validate, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested_deprecated(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_need_padding_for_64bit - test 64-bit alignment of the next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Return true if padding is needed to align the next attribute (nla_data()) to * a 64-bit aligned area. */ static inline bool nla_need_padding_for_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS /* The nlattr header is 4 bytes in size, that's why we test * if the skb->data _is_ aligned. A NOP attribute, plus * nlattr header for next attribute, will make nla_data() * 8-byte aligned. */ if (IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)skb_tail_pointer(skb), 8)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * nla_align_64bit - 64-bit align the nla_data() of next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @padattr: attribute type for the padding * * Conditionally emit a padding netlink attribute in order to make * the next attribute we emit have a 64-bit aligned nla_data() area. * This will only be done in architectures which do not have * CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS defined. * * Returns zero on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_align_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int padattr) { if (nla_need_padding_for_64bit(skb) && !nla_reserve(skb, padattr, 0)) return -EMSGSIZE; return 0; } /** * nla_total_size_64bit - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size_64bit(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS + NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(0)) #endif ; } /** * nla_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_attr(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nla_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nla_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nla_for_each_nested - iterate over nested attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_nested(pos, nla, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), rem) /** * nla_is_last - Test if attribute is last in stream * @nla: attribute to test * @rem: bytes remaining in stream */ static inline bool nla_is_last(const struct nlattr *nla, int rem) { return nla->nla_len == rem; } void nla_get_range_unsigned(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation *range); void nla_get_range_signed(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range); struct netlink_policy_dump_state; int netlink_policy_dump_add_policy(struct netlink_policy_dump_state **pstate, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); int netlink_policy_dump_get_policy_idx(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); bool netlink_policy_dump_loop(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_write(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_attr_size_estimate(const struct nla_policy *pt); int netlink_policy_dump_write_attr(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nla_policy *pt, int nestattr); void netlink_policy_dump_free(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * pm_wakeup.h - Power management wakeup interface * * Copyright (C) 2008 Alan Stern * Copyright (C) 2010 Rafael J. Wysocki, Novell Inc. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H #define _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H #ifndef _DEVICE_H_ # error "please don't include this file directly" #endif #include <linux/types.h> struct wake_irq; /** * struct wakeup_source - Representation of wakeup sources * * @name: Name of the wakeup source * @id: Wakeup source id * @entry: Wakeup source list entry * @lock: Wakeup source lock * @wakeirq: Optional device specific wakeirq * @timer: Wakeup timer list * @timer_expires: Wakeup timer expiration * @total_time: Total time this wakeup source has been active. * @max_time: Maximum time this wakeup source has been continuously active. * @last_time: Monotonic clock when the wakeup source's was touched last time. * @prevent_sleep_time: Total time this source has been preventing autosleep. * @event_count: Number of signaled wakeup events. * @active_count: Number of times the wakeup source was activated. * @relax_count: Number of times the wakeup source was deactivated. * @expire_count: Number of times the wakeup source's timeout has expired. * @wakeup_count: Number of times the wakeup source might abort suspend. * @dev: Struct device for sysfs statistics about the wakeup source. * @active: Status of the wakeup source. * @autosleep_enabled: Autosleep is active, so update @prevent_sleep_time. */ struct wakeup_source { const char *name; int id; struct list_head entry; spinlock_t lock; struct wake_irq *wakeirq; struct timer_list timer; unsigned long timer_expires; ktime_t total_time; ktime_t max_time; ktime_t last_time; ktime_t start_prevent_time; ktime_t prevent_sleep_time; unsigned long event_count; unsigned long active_count; unsigned long relax_count; unsigned long expire_count; unsigned long wakeup_count; struct device *dev; bool active:1; bool autosleep_enabled:1; }; #define for_each_wakeup_source(ws) \ for ((ws) = wakeup_sources_walk_start(); \ (ws); \ (ws) = wakeup_sources_walk_next((ws))) #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP /* * Changes to device_may_wakeup take effect on the next pm state change. */ static inline bool device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup; } static inline bool device_may_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup && !!dev->power.wakeup; } static inline void device_set_wakeup_path(struct device *dev) { dev->power.wakeup_path = true; } /* drivers/base/power/wakeup.c */ extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_create(const char *name); extern void wakeup_source_destroy(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_register(struct device *dev, const char *name); extern void wakeup_source_unregister(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int wakeup_sources_read_lock(void); extern void wakeup_sources_read_unlock(int idx); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_start(void); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_next(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int device_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev); extern int device_wakeup_disable(struct device *dev); extern void device_set_wakeup_capable(struct device *dev, bool capable); extern int device_init_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool val); extern int device_set_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev, bool enable); extern void __pm_stay_awake(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void pm_stay_awake(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_relax(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void pm_relax(struct device *dev); extern void pm_wakeup_ws_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec, bool hard); extern void pm_wakeup_dev_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec, bool hard); #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void device_set_wakeup_capable(struct device *dev, bool capable) { dev->power.can_wakeup = capable; } static inline bool device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup; } static inline struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_create(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void wakeup_source_destroy(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void wakeup_source_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_register(struct device *dev, const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void wakeup_source_unregister(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline int device_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev) { dev->power.should_wakeup = true; return 0; } static inline int device_wakeup_disable(struct device *dev) { dev->power.should_wakeup = false; return 0; } static inline int device_set_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev, bool enable) { dev->power.should_wakeup = enable; return 0; } static inline int device_init_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool val) { device_set_wakeup_capable(dev, val); device_set_wakeup_enable(dev, val); return 0; } static inline bool device_may_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup && dev->power.should_wakeup; } static inline void device_set_wakeup_path(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_stay_awake(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void pm_stay_awake(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_relax(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void pm_relax(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_wakeup_ws_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec, bool hard) {} static inline void pm_wakeup_dev_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec, bool hard) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void __pm_wakeup_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec) { return pm_wakeup_ws_event(ws, msec, false); } static inline void pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec) { return pm_wakeup_dev_event(dev, msec, false); } static inline void pm_wakeup_hard_event(struct device *dev) { return pm_wakeup_dev_event(dev, 0, true); } #endif /* _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SMP_H #define _ASM_X86_SMP_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <asm/thread_info.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> extern int smp_num_siblings; extern unsigned int num_processors; DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_sibling_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_core_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_die_map); /* cpus sharing the last level cache: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_llc_shared_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, cpu_llc_id); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, cpu_number); static inline struct cpumask *cpu_llc_shared_mask(int cpu) { return per_cpu(cpu_llc_shared_map, cpu); } DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_cpu_to_apicid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u32, x86_cpu_to_acpiid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_bios_cpu_apicid); #if defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_X86_32) DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid); #endif struct task_struct; struct smp_ops { void (*smp_prepare_boot_cpu)(void); void (*smp_prepare_cpus)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*smp_cpus_done)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*stop_other_cpus)(int wait); void (*crash_stop_other_cpus)(void); void (*smp_send_reschedule)(int cpu); int (*cpu_up)(unsigned cpu, struct task_struct *tidle); int (*cpu_disable)(void); void (*cpu_die)(unsigned int cpu); void (*play_dead)(void); void (*send_call_func_ipi)(const struct cpumask *mask); void (*send_call_func_single_ipi)(int cpu); }; /* Globals due to paravirt */ extern void set_cpu_sibling_map(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct smp_ops smp_ops; static inline void smp_send_stop(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(0); } static inline void stop_other_cpus(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(1); } static inline void smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); } static inline void smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_cpus(max_cpus); } static inline void smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_cpus_done(max_cpus); } static inline int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *tidle) { return smp_ops.cpu_up(cpu, tidle); } static inline int __cpu_disable(void) { return smp_ops.cpu_disable(); } static inline void __cpu_die(unsigned int cpu) { smp_ops.cpu_die(cpu); } static inline void play_dead(void) { smp_ops.play_dead(); } static inline void smp_send_reschedule(int cpu) { smp_ops.smp_send_reschedule(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(int cpu) { smp_ops.send_call_func_single_ipi(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_ipi_mask(const struct cpumask *mask) { smp_ops.send_call_func_ipi(mask); } void cpu_disable_common(void); void native_smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void); void native_smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus); void calculate_max_logical_packages(void); void native_smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus); int common_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_disable(void); int common_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void native_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void hlt_play_dead(void); void native_play_dead(void); void play_dead_common(void); void wbinvd_on_cpu(int cpu); int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void); void cond_wakeup_cpu0(void); void native_smp_send_reschedule(int cpu); void native_send_call_func_ipi(const struct cpumask *mask); void native_send_call_func_single_ipi(int cpu); void x86_idle_thread_init(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle); void smp_store_boot_cpu_info(void); void smp_store_cpu_info(int id); asmlinkage __visible void smp_reboot_interrupt(void); __visible void smp_reschedule_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_single_interrupt(struct pt_regs *r); #define cpu_physical_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu) #define cpu_acpi_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_acpiid, cpu) /* * This function is needed by all SMP systems. It must _always_ be valid * from the initial startup. We map APIC_BASE very early in page_setup(), * so this is correct in the x86 case. */ #define raw_smp_processor_id() this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #define __smp_processor_id() __this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int safe_smp_processor_id(void); #else # define safe_smp_processor_id() smp_processor_id() #endif #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ #define wbinvd_on_cpu(cpu) wbinvd() static inline int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void) { wbinvd(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern unsigned disabled_cpus; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC extern int hard_smp_processor_id(void); #else /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #define hard_smp_processor_id() 0 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_NMI_SELFTEST extern void nmi_selftest(void); #else #define nmi_selftest() do { } while (0) #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SMP_H */
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<linux/bio.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/iomap.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include "truncate.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> static __u32 ext4_inode_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 csum; __u16 dummy_csum = 0; int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_inode, i_checksum_lo); unsigned int csum_size = sizeof(dummy_csum); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)raw, offset); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, csum_size); offset += csum_size; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)raw + offset, EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE - offset); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) { offset = offsetof(struct ext4_inode, i_checksum_hi); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)raw + EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE, offset - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE); if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw, ei, i_checksum_hi)) { csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, csum_size); offset += csum_size; } csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)raw + offset, EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - offset); } return csum; } static int ext4_inode_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { __u32 provided, calculated; if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es->s_creator_os != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_OS_LINUX) || !ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; provided = le16_to_cpu(raw->i_checksum_lo); calculated = ext4_inode_csum(inode, raw, ei); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE && EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw, ei, i_checksum_hi)) provided |= ((__u32)le16_to_cpu(raw->i_checksum_hi)) << 16; else calculated &= 0xFFFF; return provided == calculated; } void ext4_inode_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { __u32 csum; if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es->s_creator_os != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_OS_LINUX) || !ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; csum = ext4_inode_csum(inode, raw, ei); raw->i_checksum_lo = cpu_to_le16(csum & 0xFFFF); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE && EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw, ei, i_checksum_hi)) raw->i_checksum_hi = cpu_to_le16(csum >> 16); } static inline int ext4_begin_ordered_truncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t new_size) { trace_ext4_begin_ordered_truncate(inode, new_size); /* * If jinode is zero, then we never opened the file for * writing, so there's no need to call * jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate() since there's no * outstanding writes we need to flush. */ if (!EXT4_I(inode)->jinode) return 0; return jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode), EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, new_size); } static void ext4_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); static int __ext4_journalled_writepage(struct page *page, unsigned int len); static int ext4_bh_delay_or_unwritten(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); static int ext4_meta_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int lblocks, int pextents); /* * Test whether an inode is a fast symlink. * A fast symlink has its symlink data stored in ext4_inode_info->i_data. */ int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode) { if (!(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) { int ea_blocks = EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl ? EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(inode->i_sb) >> 9 : 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return 0; return (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_blocks - ea_blocks == 0); } return S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_size && (inode->i_size < EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4); } /* * Called at the last iput() if i_nlink is zero. */ void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *inode) { handle_t *handle; int err; /* * Credits for final inode cleanup and freeing: * sb + inode (ext4_orphan_del()), block bitmap, group descriptor * (xattr block freeing), bitmap, group descriptor (inode freeing) */ int extra_credits = 6; struct ext4_xattr_inode_array *ea_inode_array = NULL; bool freeze_protected = false; trace_ext4_evict_inode(inode); if (inode->i_nlink) { /* * When journalling data dirty buffers are tracked only in the * journal. So although mm thinks everything is clean and * ready for reaping the inode might still have some pages to * write in the running transaction or waiting to be * checkpointed. Thus calling jbd2_journal_invalidatepage() * (via truncate_inode_pages()) to discard these buffers can * cause data loss. Also even if we did not discard these * buffers, we would have no way to find them after the inode * is reaped and thus user could see stale data if he tries to * read them before the transaction is checkpointed. So be * careful and force everything to disk here... We use * ei->i_datasync_tid to store the newest transaction * containing inode's data. * * Note that directories do not have this problem because they * don't use page cache. */ if (inode->i_ino != EXT4_JOURNAL_INO && ext4_should_journal_data(inode) && (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) || S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) && inode->i_data.nrpages) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal; tid_t commit_tid = EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid; jbd2_complete_transaction(journal, commit_tid); filemap_write_and_wait(&inode->i_data); } truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data); goto no_delete; } if (is_bad_inode(inode)) goto no_delete; dquot_initialize(inode); if (ext4_should_order_data(inode)) ext4_begin_ordered_truncate(inode, 0); truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data); /* * For inodes with journalled data, transaction commit could have * dirtied the inode. Flush worker is ignoring it because of I_FREEING * flag but we still need to remove the inode from the writeback lists. */ if (!list_empty_careful(&inode->i_io_list)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!ext4_should_journal_data(inode)); inode_io_list_del(inode); } /* * Protect us against freezing - iput() caller didn't have to have any * protection against it. When we are in a running transaction though, * we are already protected against freezing and we cannot grab further * protection due to lock ordering constraints. */ if (!ext4_journal_current_handle()) { sb_start_intwrite(inode->i_sb); freeze_protected = true; } if (!IS_NOQUOTA(inode)) extra_credits += EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_DEL_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); /* * Block bitmap, group descriptor, and inode are accounted in both * ext4_blocks_for_truncate() and extra_credits. So subtract 3. */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode) + extra_credits - 3); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, PTR_ERR(handle)); /* * If we're going to skip the normal cleanup, we still need to * make sure that the in-core orphan linked list is properly * cleaned up. */ ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); if (freeze_protected) sb_end_intwrite(inode->i_sb); goto no_delete; } if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); /* * Set inode->i_size to 0 before calling ext4_truncate(). We need * special handling of symlinks here because i_size is used to * determine whether ext4_inode_info->i_data contains symlink data or * block mappings. Setting i_size to 0 will remove its fast symlink * status. Erase i_data so that it becomes a valid empty block map. */ if (ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(inode)) memset(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, 0, sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data)); inode->i_size = 0; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "couldn't mark inode dirty (err %d)", err); goto stop_handle; } if (inode->i_blocks) { err = ext4_truncate(inode); if (err) { ext4_error_err(inode->i_sb, -err, "couldn't truncate inode %lu (err %d)", inode->i_ino, err); goto stop_handle; } } /* Remove xattr references. */ err = ext4_xattr_delete_inode(handle, inode, &ea_inode_array, extra_credits); if (err) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "xattr delete (err %d)", err); stop_handle: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); if (freeze_protected) sb_end_intwrite(inode->i_sb); ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(ea_inode_array); goto no_delete; } /* * Kill off the orphan record which ext4_truncate created. * AKPM: I think this can be inside the above `if'. * Note that ext4_orphan_del() has to be able to cope with the * deletion of a non-existent orphan - this is because we don't * know if ext4_truncate() actually created an orphan record. * (Well, we could do this if we need to, but heck - it works) */ ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime = (__u32)ktime_get_real_seconds(); /* * One subtle ordering requirement: if anything has gone wrong * (transaction abort, IO errors, whatever), then we can still * do these next steps (the fs will already have been marked as * having errors), but we can't free the inode if the mark_dirty * fails. */ if (ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode)) /* If that failed, just do the required in-core inode clear. */ ext4_clear_inode(inode); else ext4_free_inode(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (freeze_protected) sb_end_intwrite(inode->i_sb); ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(ea_inode_array); return; no_delete: if (!list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list)) ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_NOMEM); ext4_clear_inode(inode); /* We must guarantee clearing of inode... */ } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode) { return &EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_quota; } #endif /* * Called with i_data_sem down, which is important since we can call * ext4_discard_preallocations() from here. */ void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode, int used, int quota_claim) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); spin_lock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); trace_ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, used, quota_claim); if (unlikely(used > ei->i_reserved_data_blocks)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "%s: ino %lu, used %d " "with only %d reserved data blocks", __func__, inode->i_ino, used, ei->i_reserved_data_blocks); WARN_ON(1); used = ei->i_reserved_data_blocks; } /* Update per-inode reservations */ ei->i_reserved_data_blocks -= used; percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, used); spin_unlock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock); /* Update quota subsystem for data blocks */ if (quota_claim) dquot_claim_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, used)); else { /* * We did fallocate with an offset that is already delayed * allocated. So on delayed allocated writeback we should * not re-claim the quota for fallocated blocks. */ dquot_release_reservation_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, used)); } /* * If we have done all the pending block allocations and if * there aren't any writers on the inode, we can discard the * inode's preallocations. */ if ((ei->i_reserved_data_blocks == 0) && !inode_is_open_for_write(inode)) ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); } static int __check_block_validity(struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line, struct ext4_map_blocks *map) { if (ext4_has_feature_journal(inode->i_sb) && (inode->i_ino == le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es->s_journal_inum))) return 0; if (!ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, map->m_pblk, map->m_len)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, map->m_pblk, "lblock %lu mapped to illegal pblock %llu " "(length %d)", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk, map->m_pblk, map->m_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } return 0; } int ext4_issue_zeroout(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t len) { int ret; if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return fscrypt_zeroout_range(inode, lblk, pblk, len); ret = sb_issue_zeroout(inode->i_sb, pblk, len, GFP_NOFS); if (ret > 0) ret = 0; return ret; } #define check_block_validity(inode, map) \ __check_block_validity((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (map)) #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST static void ext4_map_blocks_es_recheck(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *es_map, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags) { int retval; map->m_flags = 0; /* * There is a race window that the result is not the same. * e.g. xfstests #223 when dioread_nolock enables. The reason * is that we lookup a block mapping in extent status tree with * out taking i_data_sem. So at the time the unwritten extent * could be converted. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } else { retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } up_read((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); /* * We don't check m_len because extent will be collpased in status * tree. So the m_len might not equal. */ if (es_map->m_lblk != map->m_lblk || es_map->m_flags != map->m_flags || es_map->m_pblk != map->m_pblk) { printk("ES cache assertion failed for inode: %lu " "es_cached ex [%d/%d/%llu/%x] != " "found ex [%d/%d/%llu/%x] retval %d flags %x\n", inode->i_ino, es_map->m_lblk, es_map->m_len, es_map->m_pblk, es_map->m_flags, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, map->m_flags, retval, flags); } } #endif /* ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST */ /* * The ext4_map_blocks() function tries to look up the requested blocks, * and returns if the blocks are already mapped. * * Otherwise it takes the write lock of the i_data_sem and allocate blocks * and store the allocated blocks in the result buffer head and mark it * mapped. * * If file type is extents based, it will call ext4_ext_map_blocks(), * Otherwise, call with ext4_ind_map_blocks() to handle indirect mapping * based files * * On success, it returns the number of blocks being mapped or allocated. if * create==0 and the blocks are pre-allocated and unwritten, the resulting @map * is marked as unwritten. If the create == 1, it will mark @map as mapped. * * It returns 0 if plain look up failed (blocks have not been allocated), in * that case, @map is returned as unmapped but we still do fill map->m_len to * indicate the length of a hole starting at map->m_lblk. * * It returns the error in case of allocation failure. */ int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags) { struct extent_status es; int retval; int ret = 0; #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST struct ext4_map_blocks orig_map; memcpy(&orig_map, map, sizeof(*map)); #endif map->m_flags = 0; ext_debug(inode, "flag 0x%x, max_blocks %u, logical block %lu\n", flags, map->m_len, (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); /* * ext4_map_blocks returns an int, and m_len is an unsigned int */ if (unlikely(map->m_len > INT_MAX)) map->m_len = INT_MAX; /* We can handle the block number less than EXT_MAX_BLOCKS */ if (unlikely(map->m_lblk >= EXT_MAX_BLOCKS)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; /* Lookup extent status tree firstly */ if (!(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) && ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, NULL, &es)) { if (ext4_es_is_written(&es) || ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) { map->m_pblk = ext4_es_pblock(&es) + map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk; map->m_flags |= ext4_es_is_written(&es) ? EXT4_MAP_MAPPED : EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; retval = es.es_len - (map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk); if (retval > map->m_len) retval = map->m_len; map->m_len = retval; } else if (ext4_es_is_delayed(&es) || ext4_es_is_hole(&es)) { map->m_pblk = 0; retval = es.es_len - (map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk); if (retval > map->m_len) retval = map->m_len; map->m_len = retval; retval = 0; } else { BUG(); } #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST ext4_map_blocks_es_recheck(handle, inode, map, &orig_map, flags); #endif goto found; } /* * Try to see if we can get the block without requesting a new * file system block. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } else { retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } if (retval > 0) { unsigned int status; if (unlikely(retval != map->m_len)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ES len assertion failed for inode " "%lu: retval %d != map->m_len %d", inode->i_ino, retval, map->m_len); WARN_ON(1); } status = map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN ? EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN : EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) && !(status & EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN) && ext4_es_scan_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1)) status |= EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED; ret = ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, status); if (ret < 0) retval = ret; } up_read((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); found: if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) { ret = check_block_validity(inode, map); if (ret != 0) return ret; } /* If it is only a block(s) look up */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) return retval; /* * Returns if the blocks have already allocated * * Note that if blocks have been preallocated * ext4_ext_get_block() returns the create = 0 * with buffer head unmapped. */ if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) /* * If we need to convert extent to unwritten * we continue and do the actual work in * ext4_ext_map_blocks() */ if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN)) return retval; /* * Here we clear m_flags because after allocating an new extent, * it will be set again. */ map->m_flags &= ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS; /* * New blocks allocate and/or writing to unwritten extent * will possibly result in updating i_data, so we take * the write lock of i_data_sem, and call get_block() * with create == 1 flag. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); /* * We need to check for EXT4 here because migrate * could have changed the inode type in between */ if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, flags); } else { retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, flags); if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) { /* * We allocated new blocks which will result in * i_data's format changing. Force the migrate * to fail by clearing migrate flags */ ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE); } /* * Update reserved blocks/metadata blocks after successful * block allocation which had been deferred till now. We don't * support fallocate for non extent files. So we can update * reserve space here. */ if ((retval > 0) && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE)) ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, retval, 1); } if (retval > 0) { unsigned int status; if (unlikely(retval != map->m_len)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ES len assertion failed for inode " "%lu: retval %d != map->m_len %d", inode->i_ino, retval, map->m_len); WARN_ON(1); } /* * We have to zeroout blocks before inserting them into extent * status tree. Otherwise someone could look them up there and * use them before they are really zeroed. We also have to * unmap metadata before zeroing as otherwise writeback can * overwrite zeros with stale data from block device. */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) { ret = ext4_issue_zeroout(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_pblk, map->m_len); if (ret) { retval = ret; goto out_sem; } } /* * If the extent has been zeroed out, we don't need to update * extent status tree. */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO) && ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, NULL, &es)) { if (ext4_es_is_written(&es)) goto out_sem; } status = map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN ? EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN : EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) && !(status & EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN) && ext4_es_scan_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1)) status |= EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED; ret = ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, status); if (ret < 0) { retval = ret; goto out_sem; } } out_sem: up_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) { ret = check_block_validity(inode, map); if (ret != 0) return ret; /* * Inodes with freshly allocated blocks where contents will be * visible after transaction commit must be on transaction's * ordered data list. */ if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW && !(map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) && !(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO) && !ext4_is_quota_file(inode) && ext4_should_order_data(inode)) { loff_t start_byte = (loff_t)map->m_lblk << inode->i_blkbits; loff_t length = (loff_t)map->m_len << inode->i_blkbits; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT) ret = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_wait(handle, inode, start_byte, length); else ret = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle, inode, start_byte, length); if (ret) return ret; } ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1); } if (retval < 0) ext_debug(inode, "failed with err %d\n", retval); return retval; } /* * Update EXT4_MAP_FLAGS in bh->b_state. For buffer heads attached to pages * we have to be careful as someone else may be manipulating b_state as well. */ static void ext4_update_bh_state(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long flags) { unsigned long old_state; unsigned long new_state; flags &= EXT4_MAP_FLAGS; /* Dummy buffer_head? Set non-atomically. */ if (!bh->b_page) { bh->b_state = (bh->b_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | flags; return; } /* * Someone else may be modifying b_state. Be careful! This is ugly but * once we get rid of using bh as a container for mapping information * to pass to / from get_block functions, this can go away. */ do { old_state = READ_ONCE(bh->b_state); new_state = (old_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | flags; } while (unlikely( cmpxchg(&bh->b_state, old_state, new_state) != old_state)); } static int _ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int flags) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; int ret = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return -ERANGE; map.m_lblk = iblock; map.m_len = bh->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits; ret = ext4_map_blocks(ext4_journal_current_handle(), inode, &map, flags); if (ret > 0) { map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk); ext4_update_bh_state(bh, map.m_flags); bh->b_size = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize * map.m_len; ret = 0; } else if (ret == 0) { /* hole case, need to fill in bh->b_size */ bh->b_size = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize * map.m_len; } return ret; } int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create) { return _ext4_get_block(inode, iblock, bh, create ? EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE : 0); } /* * Get block function used when preparing for buffered write if we require * creating an unwritten extent if blocks haven't been allocated. The extent * will be converted to written after the IO is complete. */ int ext4_get_block_unwritten(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create) { ext4_debug("ext4_get_block_unwritten: inode %lu, create flag %d\n", inode->i_ino, create); return _ext4_get_block(inode, iblock, bh_result, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT); } /* Maximum number of blocks we map for direct IO at once. */ #define DIO_MAX_BLOCKS 4096 /* * `handle' can be NULL if create is zero */ struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int map_flags) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; struct buffer_head *bh; int create = map_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE; int err; J_ASSERT((EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) || handle != NULL || create == 0); map.m_lblk = block; map.m_len = 1; err = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, map_flags); if (err == 0) return create ? ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC) : NULL; if (err < 0) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = sb_getblk(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk); if (unlikely(!bh)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) { J_ASSERT(create != 0); J_ASSERT((EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) || (handle != NULL)); /* * Now that we do not always journal data, we should * keep in mind whether this should always journal the * new buffer as metadata. For now, regular file * writes use ext4_get_block instead, so it's not a * problem. */ lock_buffer(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call get_create_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (unlikely(err)) { unlock_buffer(bh); goto errout; } if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { memset(bh->b_data, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } unlock_buffer(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto errout; } else BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "not a new buffer"); return bh; errout: brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int map_flags) { struct buffer_head *bh; int ret; bh = ext4_getblk(handle, inode, block, map_flags); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return bh; if (!bh || ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) return bh; ret = ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, true); if (ret) { put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return bh; } /* Read a contiguous batch of blocks. */ int ext4_bread_batch(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int bh_count, bool wait, struct buffer_head **bhs) { int i, err; for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) { bhs[i] = ext4_getblk(NULL, inode, block + i, 0 /* map_flags */); if (IS_ERR(bhs[i])) { err = PTR_ERR(bhs[i]); bh_count = i; goto out_brelse; } } for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) /* Note that NULL bhs[i] is valid because of holes. */ if (bhs[i] && !ext4_buffer_uptodate(bhs[i])) ext4_read_bh_lock(bhs[i], REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, false); if (!wait) return 0; for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) if (bhs[i]) wait_on_buffer(bhs[i]); for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) { if (bhs[i] && !buffer_uptodate(bhs[i])) { err = -EIO; goto out_brelse; } } return 0; out_brelse: for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) { brelse(bhs[i]); bhs[i] = NULL; } return err; } int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *head, unsigned from, unsigned to, int *partial, int (*fn)(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)) { struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned block_start, block_end; unsigned blocksize = head->b_size; int err, ret = 0; struct buffer_head *next; for (bh = head, block_start = 0; ret == 0 && (bh != head || !block_start); block_start = block_end, bh = next) { next = bh->b_this_page; block_end = block_start + blocksize; if (block_end <= from || block_start >= to) { if (partial && !buffer_uptodate(bh)) *partial = 1; continue; } err = (*fn)(handle, bh); if (!ret) ret = err; } return ret; } /* * To preserve ordering, it is essential that the hole instantiation and * the data write be encapsulated in a single transaction. We cannot * close off a transaction and start a new one between the ext4_get_block() * and the commit_write(). So doing the jbd2_journal_start at the start of * prepare_write() is the right place. * * Also, this function can nest inside ext4_writepage(). In that case, we * *know* that ext4_writepage() has generated enough buffer credits to do the * whole page. So we won't block on the journal in that case, which is good, * because the caller may be PF_MEMALLOC. * * By accident, ext4 can be reentered when a transaction is open via * quota file writes. If we were to commit the transaction while thus * reentered, there can be a deadlock - we would be holding a quota * lock, and the commit would never complete if another thread had a * transaction open and was blocking on the quota lock - a ranking * violation. * * So what we do is to rely on the fact that jbd2_journal_stop/journal_start * will _not_ run commit under these circumstances because handle->h_ref * is elevated. We'll still have enough credits for the tiny quotafile * write. */ int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { int dirty = buffer_dirty(bh); int ret; if (!buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_freed(bh)) return 0; /* * __block_write_begin() could have dirtied some buffers. Clean * the dirty bit as jbd2_journal_get_write_access() could complain * otherwise about fs integrity issues. Setting of the dirty bit * by __block_write_begin() isn't a real problem here as we clear * the bit before releasing a page lock and thus writeback cannot * ever write the buffer. */ if (dirty) clear_buffer_dirty(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get write access"); ret = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (!ret && dirty) ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static int ext4_block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block) { unsigned from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); unsigned to = from + len; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; unsigned block_start, block_end; sector_t block; int err = 0; unsigned blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned bbits; struct buffer_head *bh, *head, *wait[2]; int nr_wait = 0; int i; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(from > PAGE_SIZE); BUG_ON(to > PAGE_SIZE); BUG_ON(from > to); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) create_empty_buffers(page, blocksize, 0); head = page_buffers(page); bbits = ilog2(blocksize); block = (sector_t)page->index << (PAGE_SHIFT - bbits); for (bh = head, block_start = 0; bh != head || !block_start; block++, block_start = block_end, bh = bh->b_this_page) { block_end = block_start + blocksize; if (block_end <= from || block_start >= to) { if (PageUptodate(page)) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } continue; } if (buffer_new(bh)) clear_buffer_new(bh); if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { WARN_ON(bh->b_size != blocksize); err = get_block(inode, block, bh, 1); if (err) break; if (buffer_new(bh)) { if (PageUptodate(page)) { clear_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); mark_buffer_dirty(bh); continue; } if (block_end > to || block_start < from) zero_user_segments(page, to, block_end, block_start, from); continue; } } if (PageUptodate(page)) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); continue; } if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && !buffer_delay(bh) && !buffer_unwritten(bh) && (block_start < from || block_end > to)) { ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, 0, false); wait[nr_wait++] = bh; } } /* * If we issued read requests, let them complete. */ for (i = 0; i < nr_wait; i++) { wait_on_buffer(wait[i]); if (!buffer_uptodate(wait[i])) err = -EIO; } if (unlikely(err)) { page_zero_new_buffers(page, from, to); } else if (fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto(inode)) { for (i = 0; i < nr_wait; i++) { int err2; err2 = fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(page, blocksize, bh_offset(wait[i])); if (err2) { clear_buffer_uptodate(wait[i]); err = err2; } } } return err; } #endif static int ext4_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; int ret, needed_blocks; handle_t *handle; int retries = 0; struct page *page; pgoff_t index; unsigned from, to; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; trace_ext4_write_begin(inode, pos, len, flags); /* * Reserve one block more for addition to orphan list in case * we allocate blocks but write fails for some reason */ needed_blocks = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode) + 1; index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); to = from + len; if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)) { ret = ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(mapping, inode, pos, len, flags, pagep); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 1) return 0; } /* * grab_cache_page_write_begin() can take a long time if the * system is thrashing due to memory pressure, or if the page * is being written back. So grab it first before we start * the transaction handle. This also allows us to allocate * the page (if needed) without using GFP_NOFS. */ retry_grab: page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, index, flags); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; unlock_page(page); retry_journal: handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, needed_blocks); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { put_page(page); return PTR_ERR(handle); } lock_page(page); if (page->mapping != mapping) { /* The page got truncated from under us */ unlock_page(page); put_page(page); ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto retry_grab; } /* In case writeback began while the page was unlocked */ wait_for_stable_page(page); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) ret = ext4_block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block_unwritten); else ret = ext4_block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block); #else if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) ret = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block_unwritten); else ret = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block); #endif if (!ret && ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), from, to, NULL, do_journal_get_write_access); } if (ret) { bool extended = (pos + len > inode->i_size) && !ext4_verity_in_progress(inode); unlock_page(page); /* * __block_write_begin may have instantiated a few blocks * outside i_size. Trim these off again. Don't need * i_size_read because we hold i_mutex. * * Add inode to orphan list in case we crash before * truncate finishes */ if (extended && ext4_can_truncate(inode)) ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (extended) { ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); /* * If truncate failed early the inode might * still be on the orphan list; we need to * make sure the inode is removed from the * orphan list in that case. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); } if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry_journal; put_page(page); return ret; } *pagep = page; return ret; } /* For write_end() in data=journal mode */ static int write_end_fn(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { int ret; if (!buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_freed(bh)) return 0; set_buffer_uptodate(bh); ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); clear_buffer_meta(bh); clear_buffer_prio(bh); return ret; } /* * We need to pick up the new inode size which generic_commit_write gave us * `file' can be NULL - eg, when called from page_symlink(). * * ext4 never places buffers on inode->i_mapping->private_list. metadata * buffers are managed internally. */ static int ext4_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t old_size = inode->i_size; int ret = 0, ret2; int i_size_changed = 0; int inline_data = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); bool verity = ext4_verity_in_progress(inode); trace_ext4_write_end(inode, pos, len, copied); if (inline_data) { ret = ext4_write_inline_data_end(inode, pos, len, copied, page); if (ret < 0) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto errout; } copied = ret; ret = 0; } else copied = block_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); /* * it's important to update i_size while still holding page lock: * page writeout could otherwise come in and zero beyond i_size. * * If FS_IOC_ENABLE_VERITY is running on this inode, then Merkle tree * blocks are being written past EOF, so skip the i_size update. */ if (!verity) i_size_changed = ext4_update_inode_size(inode, pos + copied); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); if (old_size < pos && !verity) pagecache_isize_extended(inode, old_size, pos); /* * Don't mark the inode dirty under page lock. First, it unnecessarily * makes the holding time of page lock longer. Second, it forces lock * ordering of page lock and transaction start for journaling * filesystems. */ if (i_size_changed || inline_data) ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); errout: if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity && ext4_can_truncate(inode)) /* if we have allocated more blocks and copied * less. We will have blocks allocated outside * inode->i_size. So truncate them */ ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = ret2; if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity) { ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); /* * If truncate failed early the inode might still be * on the orphan list; we need to make sure the inode * is removed from the orphan list in that case. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); } return ret ? ret : copied; } /* * This is a private version of page_zero_new_buffers() which doesn't * set the buffer to be dirty, since in data=journalled mode we need * to call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata() instead. */ static void ext4_journalled_zero_new_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to) { unsigned int block_start = 0, block_end; struct buffer_head *head, *bh; bh = head = page_buffers(page); do { block_end = block_start + bh->b_size; if (buffer_new(bh)) { if (block_end > from && block_start < to) { if (!PageUptodate(page)) { unsigned start, size; start = max(from, block_start); size = min(to, block_end) - start; zero_user(page, start, size); write_end_fn(handle, bh); } clear_buffer_new(bh); } } block_start = block_end; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); } static int ext4_journalled_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t old_size = inode->i_size; int ret = 0, ret2; int partial = 0; unsigned from, to; int size_changed = 0; int inline_data = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); bool verity = ext4_verity_in_progress(inode); trace_ext4_journalled_write_end(inode, pos, len, copied); from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); to = from + len; BUG_ON(!ext4_handle_valid(handle)); if (inline_data) { ret = ext4_write_inline_data_end(inode, pos, len, copied, page); if (ret < 0) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto errout; } copied = ret; ret = 0; } else if (unlikely(copied < len) && !PageUptodate(page)) { copied = 0; ext4_journalled_zero_new_buffers(handle, page, from, to); } else { if (unlikely(copied < len)) ext4_journalled_zero_new_buffers(handle, page, from + copied, to); ret = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), from, from + copied, &partial, write_end_fn); if (!partial) SetPageUptodate(page); } if (!verity) size_changed = ext4_update_inode_size(inode, pos + copied); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA); EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; unlock_page(page); put_page(page); if (old_size < pos && !verity) pagecache_isize_extended(inode, old_size, pos); if (size_changed || inline_data) { ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (!ret) ret = ret2; } errout: if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity && ext4_can_truncate(inode)) /* if we have allocated more blocks and copied * less. We will have blocks allocated outside * inode->i_size. So truncate them */ ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = ret2; if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity) { ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); /* * If truncate failed early the inode might still be * on the orphan list; we need to make sure the inode * is removed from the orphan list in that case. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); } return ret ? ret : copied; } /* * Reserve space for a single cluster */ static int ext4_da_reserve_space(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); int ret; /* * We will charge metadata quota at writeout time; this saves * us from metadata over-estimation, though we may go over by * a small amount in the end. Here we just reserve for data. */ ret = dquot_reserve_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, 1)); if (ret) return ret; spin_lock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); if (ext4_claim_free_clusters(sbi, 1, 0)) { spin_unlock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); dquot_release_reservation_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, 1)); return -ENOSPC; } ei->i_reserved_data_blocks++; trace_ext4_da_reserve_space(inode); spin_unlock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); return 0; /* success */ } void ext4_da_release_space(struct inode *inode, int to_free) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (!to_free) return; /* Nothing to release, exit */ spin_lock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock); trace_ext4_da_release_space(inode, to_free); if (unlikely(to_free > ei->i_reserved_data_blocks)) { /* * if there aren't enough reserved blocks, then the * counter is messed up somewhere. Since this * function is called from invalidate page, it's * harmless to return without any action. */ ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ext4_da_release_space: " "ino %lu, to_free %d with only %d reserved " "data blocks", inode->i_ino, to_free, ei->i_reserved_data_blocks); WARN_ON(1); to_free = ei->i_reserved_data_blocks; } ei->i_reserved_data_blocks -= to_free; /* update fs dirty data blocks counter */ percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, to_free); spin_unlock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock); dquot_release_reservation_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, to_free)); } /* * Delayed allocation stuff */ struct mpage_da_data { struct inode *inode; struct writeback_control *wbc; pgoff_t first_page; /* The first page to write */ pgoff_t next_page; /* Current page to examine */ pgoff_t last_page; /* Last page to examine */ /* * Extent to map - this can be after first_page because that can be * fully mapped. We somewhat abuse m_flags to store whether the extent * is delalloc or unwritten. */ struct ext4_map_blocks map; struct ext4_io_submit io_submit; /* IO submission data */ unsigned int do_map:1; unsigned int scanned_until_end:1; }; static void mpage_release_unused_pages(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, bool invalidate) { int nr_pages, i; pgoff_t index, end; struct pagevec pvec; struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; /* This is necessary when next_page == 0. */ if (mpd->first_page >= mpd->next_page) return; mpd->scanned_until_end = 0; index = mpd->first_page; end = mpd->next_page - 1; if (invalidate) { ext4_lblk_t start, last; start = index << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits); last = end << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits); ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, start, last - start + 1); } pagevec_init(&pvec); while (index <= end) { nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range(&pvec, mapping, &index, end); if (nr_pages == 0) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page)); if (invalidate) { if (page_mapped(page)) clear_page_dirty_for_io(page); block_invalidatepage(page, 0, PAGE_SIZE); ClearPageUptodate(page); } unlock_page(page); } pagevec_release(&pvec); } } static void ext4_print_free_blocks(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Total free blocks count %lld", EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb), ext4_count_free_clusters(sb))); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Free/Dirty block details"); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "free_blocks=%lld", (long long) EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), percpu_counter_sum(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter))); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "dirty_blocks=%lld", (long long) EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), percpu_counter_sum(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter))); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Block reservation details"); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "i_reserved_data_blocks=%u", ei->i_reserved_data_blocks); return; } static int ext4_bh_delay_or_unwritten(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { return (buffer_delay(bh) || buffer_unwritten(bh)) && buffer_dirty(bh); } /* * ext4_insert_delayed_block - adds a delayed block to the extents status * tree, incrementing the reserved cluster/block * count or making a pending reservation * where needed * * @inode - file containing the newly added block * @lblk - logical block to be added * * Returns 0 on success, negative error code on failure. */ static int ext4_insert_delayed_block(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int ret; bool allocated = false; bool reserved = false; /* * If the cluster containing lblk is shared with a delayed, * written, or unwritten extent in a bigalloc file system, it's * already been accounted for and does not need to be reserved. * A pending reservation must be made for the cluster if it's * shared with a written or unwritten extent and doesn't already * have one. Written and unwritten extents can be purged from the * extents status tree if the system is under memory pressure, so * it's necessary to examine the extent tree if a search of the * extents status tree doesn't get a match. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio == 1) { ret = ext4_da_reserve_space(inode); if (ret != 0) /* ENOSPC */ goto errout; reserved = true; } else { /* bigalloc */ if (!ext4_es_scan_clu(inode, &ext4_es_is_delonly, lblk)) { if (!ext4_es_scan_clu(inode, &ext4_es_is_mapped, lblk)) { ret = ext4_clu_mapped(inode, EXT4_B2C(sbi, lblk)); if (ret < 0) goto errout; if (ret == 0) { ret = ext4_da_reserve_space(inode); if (ret != 0) /* ENOSPC */ goto errout; reserved = true; } else { allocated = true; } } else { allocated = true; } } } ret = ext4_es_insert_delayed_block(inode, lblk, allocated); if (ret && reserved) ext4_da_release_space(inode, 1); errout: return ret; } /* * This function is grabs code from the very beginning of * ext4_map_blocks, but assumes that the caller is from delayed write * time. This function looks up the requested blocks and sets the * buffer delay bit under the protection of i_data_sem. */ static int ext4_da_map_blocks(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct extent_status es; int retval; sector_t invalid_block = ~((sector_t) 0xffff); #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST struct ext4_map_blocks orig_map; memcpy(&orig_map, map, sizeof(*map)); #endif if (invalid_block < ext4_blocks_count(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es)) invalid_block = ~0; map->m_flags = 0; ext_debug(inode, "max_blocks %u, logical block %lu\n", map->m_len, (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); /* Lookup extent status tree firstly */ if (ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, iblock, NULL, &es)) { if (ext4_es_is_hole(&es)) { retval = 0; down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto add_delayed; } /* * Delayed extent could be allocated by fallocate. * So we need to check it. */ if (ext4_es_is_delayed(&es) && !ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) { map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, invalid_block); set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_delay(bh); return 0; } map->m_pblk = ext4_es_pblock(&es) + iblock - es.es_lblk; retval = es.es_len - (iblock - es.es_lblk); if (retval > map->m_len) retval = map->m_len; map->m_len = retval; if (ext4_es_is_written(&es)) map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; else if (ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; else BUG(); #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST ext4_map_blocks_es_recheck(NULL, inode, map, &orig_map, 0); #endif return retval; } /* * Try to see if we can get the block without requesting a new * file system block. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) retval = 0; else if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(NULL, inode, map, 0); else retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(NULL, inode, map, 0); add_delayed: if (retval == 0) { int ret; /* * XXX: __block_prepare_write() unmaps passed block, * is it OK? */ ret = ext4_insert_delayed_block(inode, map->m_lblk); if (ret != 0) { retval = ret; goto out_unlock; } map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, invalid_block); set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_delay(bh); } else if (retval > 0) { int ret; unsigned int status; if (unlikely(retval != map->m_len)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ES len assertion failed for inode " "%lu: retval %d != map->m_len %d", inode->i_ino, retval, map->m_len); WARN_ON(1); } status = map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN ? EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN : EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; ret = ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, status); if (ret != 0) retval = ret; } out_unlock: up_read((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); return retval; } /* * This is a special get_block_t callback which is used by * ext4_da_write_begin(). It will either return mapped block or * reserve space for a single block. * * For delayed buffer_head we have BH_Mapped, BH_New, BH_Delay set. * We also have b_blocknr = -1 and b_bdev initialized properly * * For unwritten buffer_head we have BH_Mapped, BH_New, BH_Unwritten set. * We also have b_blocknr = physicalblock mapping unwritten extent and b_bdev * initialized properly. */ int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; int ret = 0; BUG_ON(create == 0); BUG_ON(bh->b_size != inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); map.m_lblk = iblock; map.m_len = 1; /* * first, we need to know whether the block is allocated already * preallocated blocks are unmapped but should treated * the same as allocated blocks. */ ret = ext4_da_map_blocks(inode, iblock, &map, bh); if (ret <= 0) return ret; map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk); ext4_update_bh_state(bh, map.m_flags); if (buffer_unwritten(bh)) { /* A delayed write to unwritten bh should be marked * new and mapped. Mapped ensures that we don't do * get_block multiple times when we write to the same * offset and new ensures that we do proper zero out * for partial write. */ set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_mapped(bh); } return 0; } static int bget_one(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { get_bh(bh); return 0; } static int bput_one(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { put_bh(bh); return 0; } static int __ext4_journalled_writepage(struct page *page, unsigned int len) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct buffer_head *page_bufs = NULL; handle_t *handle = NULL; int ret = 0, err = 0; int inline_data = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); struct buffer_head *inode_bh = NULL; ClearPageChecked(page); if (inline_data) { BUG_ON(page->index != 0); BUG_ON(len > ext4_get_max_inline_size(inode)); inode_bh = ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(inode, len, page); if (inode_bh == NULL) goto out; } else { page_bufs = page_buffers(page); if (!page_bufs) { BUG(); goto out; } ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, bget_one); } /* * We need to release the page lock before we start the * journal, so grab a reference so the page won't disappear * out from under us. */ get_page(page); unlock_page(page); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); put_page(page); goto out_no_pagelock; } BUG_ON(!ext4_handle_valid(handle)); lock_page(page); put_page(page); if (page->mapping != mapping) { /* The page got truncated from under us */ ext4_journal_stop(handle); ret = 0; goto out; } if (inline_data) { ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } else { ret = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, do_journal_get_write_access); err = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, write_end_fn); } if (ret == 0) ret = err; err = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle, inode, page_offset(page), len); if (ret == 0) ret = err; EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = err; ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA); out: unlock_page(page); out_no_pagelock: if (!inline_data && page_bufs) ext4_walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, bput_one); brelse(inode_bh); return ret; } /* * Note that we don't need to start a transaction unless we're journaling data * because we should have holes filled from ext4_page_mkwrite(). We even don't * need to file the inode to the transaction's list in ordered mode because if * we are writing back data added by write(), the inode is already there and if * we are writing back data modified via mmap(), no one guarantees in which * transaction the data will hit the disk. In case we are journaling data, we * cannot start transaction directly because transaction start ranks above page * lock so we have to do some magic. * * This function can get called via... * - ext4_writepages after taking page lock (have journal handle) * - journal_submit_inode_data_buffers (no journal handle) * - shrink_page_list via the kswapd/direct reclaim (no journal handle) * - grab_page_cache when doing write_begin (have journal handle) * * We don't do any block allocation in this function. If we have page with * multiple blocks we need to write those buffer_heads that are mapped. This * is important for mmaped based write. So if we do with blocksize 1K * truncate(f, 1024); * a = mmap(f, 0, 4096); * a[0] = 'a'; * truncate(f, 4096); * we have in the page first buffer_head mapped via page_mkwrite call back * but other buffer_heads would be unmapped but dirty (dirty done via the * do_wp_page). So writepage should write the first block. If we modify * the mmap area beyond 1024 we will again get a page_fault and the * page_mkwrite callback will do the block allocation and mark the * buffer_heads mapped. * * We redirty the page if we have any buffer_heads that is either delay or * unwritten in the page. * * We can get recursively called as show below. * * ext4_writepage() -> kmalloc() -> __alloc_pages() -> page_launder() -> * ext4_writepage() * * But since we don't do any block allocation we should not deadlock. * Page also have the dirty flag cleared so we don't get recurive page_lock. */ static int ext4_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc) { int ret = 0; loff_t size; unsigned int len; struct buffer_head *page_bufs = NULL; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; struct ext4_io_submit io_submit; bool keep_towrite = false; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) { inode->i_mapping->a_ops->invalidatepage(page, 0, PAGE_SIZE); unlock_page(page); return -EIO; } trace_ext4_writepage(page); size = i_size_read(inode); if (page->index == size >> PAGE_SHIFT && !ext4_verity_in_progress(inode)) len = size & ~PAGE_MASK; else len = PAGE_SIZE; page_bufs = page_buffers(page); /* * We cannot do block allocation or other extent handling in this * function. If there are buffers needing that, we have to redirty * the page. But we may reach here when we do a journal commit via * journal_submit_inode_data_buffers() and in that case we must write * allocated buffers to achieve data=ordered mode guarantees. * * Also, if there is only one buffer per page (the fs block * size == the page size), if one buffer needs block * allocation or needs to modify the extent tree to clear the * unwritten flag, we know that the page can't be written at * all, so we might as well refuse the write immediately. * Unfortunately if the block size != page size, we can't as * easily detect this case using ext4_walk_page_buffers(), but * for the extremely common case, this is an optimization that * skips a useless round trip through ext4_bio_write_page(). */ if (ext4_walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, ext4_bh_delay_or_unwritten)) { redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page); if ((current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC) || (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize == PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * For memory cleaning there's no point in writing only * some buffers. So just bail out. Warn if we came here * from direct reclaim. */ WARN_ON_ONCE((current->flags & (PF_MEMALLOC|PF_KSWAPD)) == PF_MEMALLOC); unlock_page(page); return 0; } keep_towrite = true; } if (PageChecked(page) && ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) /* * It's mmapped pagecache. Add buffers and journal it. There * doesn't seem much point in redirtying the page here. */ return __ext4_journalled_writepage(page, len); ext4_io_submit_init(&io_submit, wbc); io_submit.io_end = ext4_init_io_end(inode, GFP_NOFS); if (!io_submit.io_end) { redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page); unlock_page(page); return -ENOMEM; } ret = ext4_bio_write_page(&io_submit, page, len, wbc, keep_towrite); ext4_io_submit(&io_submit); /* Drop io_end reference we got from init */ ext4_put_io_end_defer(io_submit.io_end); return ret; } static int mpage_submit_page(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, struct page *page) { int len; loff_t size; int err; BUG_ON(page->index != mpd->first_page); clear_page_dirty_for_io(page); /* * We have to be very careful here! Nothing protects writeback path * against i_size changes and the page can be writeably mapped into * page tables. So an application can be growing i_size and writing * data through mmap while writeback runs. clear_page_dirty_for_io() * write-protects our page in page tables and the page cannot get * written to again until we release page lock. So only after * clear_page_dirty_for_io() we are safe to sample i_size for * ext4_bio_write_page() to zero-out tail of the written page. We rely * on the barrier provided by TestClearPageDirty in * clear_page_dirty_for_io() to make sure i_size is really sampled only * after page tables are updated. */ size = i_size_read(mpd->inode); if (page->index == size >> PAGE_SHIFT && !ext4_verity_in_progress(mpd->inode)) len = size & ~PAGE_MASK; else len = PAGE_SIZE; err = ext4_bio_write_page(&mpd->io_submit, page, len, mpd->wbc, false); if (!err) mpd->wbc->nr_to_write--; mpd->first_page++; return err; } #define BH_FLAGS (BIT(BH_Unwritten) | BIT(BH_Delay)) /* * mballoc gives us at most this number of blocks... * XXX: That seems to be only a limitation of ext4_mb_normalize_request(). * The rest of mballoc seems to handle chunks up to full group size. */ #define MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN 2048 /* * mpage_add_bh_to_extent - try to add bh to extent of blocks to map * * @mpd - extent of blocks * @lblk - logical number of the block in the file * @bh - buffer head we want to add to the extent * * The function is used to collect contig. blocks in the same state. If the * buffer doesn't require mapping for writeback and we haven't started the * extent of buffers to map yet, the function returns 'true' immediately - the * caller can write the buffer right away. Otherwise the function returns true * if the block has been added to the extent, false if the block couldn't be * added. */ static bool mpage_add_bh_to_extent(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, ext4_lblk_t lblk, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_map_blocks *map = &mpd->map; /* Buffer that doesn't need mapping for writeback? */ if (!buffer_dirty(bh) || !buffer_mapped(bh) || (!buffer_delay(bh) && !buffer_unwritten(bh))) { /* So far no extent to map => we write the buffer right away */ if (map->m_len == 0) return true; return false; } /* First block in the extent? */ if (map->m_len == 0) { /* We cannot map unless handle is started... */ if (!mpd->do_map) return false; map->m_lblk = lblk; map->m_len = 1; map->m_flags = bh->b_state & BH_FLAGS; return true; } /* Don't go larger than mballoc is willing to allocate */ if (map->m_len >= MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN) return false; /* Can we merge the block to our big extent? */ if (lblk == map->m_lblk + map->m_len && (bh->b_state & BH_FLAGS) == map->m_flags) { map->m_len++; return true; } return false; } /* * mpage_process_page_bufs - submit page buffers for IO or add them to extent * * @mpd - extent of blocks for mapping * @head - the first buffer in the page * @bh - buffer we should start processing from * @lblk - logical number of the block in the file corresponding to @bh * * Walk through page buffers from @bh upto @head (exclusive) and either submit * the page for IO if all buffers in this page were mapped and there's no * accumulated extent of buffers to map or add buffers in the page to the * extent of buffers to map. The function returns 1 if the caller can continue * by processing the next page, 0 if it should stop adding buffers to the * extent to map because we cannot extend it anymore. It can also return value * < 0 in case of error during IO submission. */ static int mpage_process_page_bufs(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, struct buffer_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; int err; ext4_lblk_t blocks = (i_size_read(inode) + i_blocksize(inode) - 1) >> inode->i_blkbits; if (ext4_verity_in_progress(inode)) blocks = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; do { BUG_ON(buffer_locked(bh)); if (lblk >= blocks || !mpage_add_bh_to_extent(mpd, lblk, bh)) { /* Found extent to map? */ if (mpd->map.m_len) return 0; /* Buffer needs mapping and handle is not started? */ if (!mpd->do_map) return 0; /* Everything mapped so far and we hit EOF */ break; } } while (lblk++, (bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); /* So far everything mapped? Submit the page for IO. */ if (mpd->map.m_len == 0) { err = mpage_submit_page(mpd, head->b_page); if (err < 0) return err; } if (lblk >= blocks) { mpd->scanned_until_end = 1; return 0; } return 1; } /* * mpage_process_page - update page buffers corresponding to changed extent and * may submit fully mapped page for IO * * @mpd - description of extent to map, on return next extent to map * @m_lblk - logical block mapping. * @m_pblk - corresponding physical mapping. * @map_bh - determines on return whether this page requires any further * mapping or not. * Scan given page buffers corresponding to changed extent and update buffer * state according to new extent state. * We map delalloc buffers to their physical location, clear unwritten bits. * If the given page is not fully mapped, we update @map to the next extent in * the given page that needs mapping & return @map_bh as true. */ static int mpage_process_page(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, struct page *page, ext4_lblk_t *m_lblk, ext4_fsblk_t *m_pblk, bool *map_bh) { struct buffer_head *head, *bh; ext4_io_end_t *io_end = mpd->io_submit.io_end; ext4_lblk_t lblk = *m_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t pblock = *m_pblk; int err = 0; int blkbits = mpd->inode->i_blkbits; ssize_t io_end_size = 0; struct ext4_io_end_vec *io_end_vec = ext4_last_io_end_vec(io_end); bh = head = page_buffers(page); do { if (lblk < mpd->map.m_lblk) continue; if (lblk >= mpd->map.m_lblk + mpd->map.m_len) { /* * Buffer after end of mapped extent. * Find next buffer in the page to map. */ mpd->map.m_len = 0; mpd->map.m_flags = 0; io_end_vec->size += io_end_size; io_end_size = 0; err = mpage_process_page_bufs(mpd, head, bh, lblk); if (err > 0) err = 0; if (!err && mpd->map.m_len && mpd->map.m_lblk > lblk) { io_end_vec = ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(io_end); if (IS_ERR(io_end_vec)) { err = PTR_ERR(io_end_vec); goto out; } io_end_vec->offset = (loff_t)mpd->map.m_lblk << blkbits; } *map_bh = true; goto out; } if (buffer_delay(bh)) { clear_buffer_delay(bh); bh->b_blocknr = pblock++; } clear_buffer_unwritten(bh); io_end_size += (1 << blkbits); } while (lblk++, (bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); io_end_vec->size += io_end_size; io_end_size = 0; *map_bh = false; out: *m_lblk = lblk; *m_pblk = pblock; return err; } /* * mpage_map_buffers - update buffers corresponding to changed extent and * submit fully mapped pages for IO * * @mpd - description of extent to map, on return next extent to map * * Scan buffers corresponding to changed extent (we expect corresponding pages * to be already locked) and update buffer state according to new extent state. * We map delalloc buffers to their physical location, clear unwritten bits, * and mark buffers as uninit when we perform writes to unwritten extents * and do extent conversion after IO is finished. If the last page is not fully * mapped, we update @map to the next extent in the last page that needs * mapping. Otherwise we submit the page for IO. */ static int mpage_map_and_submit_buffers(struct mpage_da_data *mpd) { struct pagevec pvec; int nr_pages, i; struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; int bpp_bits = PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits; pgoff_t start, end; ext4_lblk_t lblk; ext4_fsblk_t pblock; int err; bool map_bh = false; start = mpd->map.m_lblk >> bpp_bits; end = (mpd->map.m_lblk + mpd->map.m_len - 1) >> bpp_bits; lblk = start << bpp_bits; pblock = mpd->map.m_pblk; pagevec_init(&pvec); while (start <= end) { nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range(&pvec, inode->i_mapping, &start, end); if (nr_pages == 0) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; err = mpage_process_page(mpd, page, &lblk, &pblock, &map_bh); /* * If map_bh is true, means page may require further bh * mapping, or maybe the page was submitted for IO. * So we return to call further extent mapping. */ if (err < 0 || map_bh) goto out; /* Page fully mapped - let IO run! */ err = mpage_submit_page(mpd, page); if (err < 0) goto out; } pagevec_release(&pvec); } /* Extent fully mapped and matches with page boundary. We are done. */ mpd->map.m_len = 0; mpd->map.m_flags = 0; return 0; out: pagevec_release(&pvec); return err; } static int mpage_map_one_extent(handle_t *handle, struct mpage_da_data *mpd) { struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; struct ext4_map_blocks *map = &mpd->map; int get_blocks_flags; int err, dioread_nolock; trace_ext4_da_write_pages_extent(inode, map); /* * Call ext4_map_blocks() to allocate any delayed allocation blocks, or * to convert an unwritten extent to be initialized (in the case * where we have written into one or more preallocated blocks). It is * possible that we're going to need more metadata blocks than * previously reserved. However we must not fail because we're in * writeback and there is nothing we can do about it so it might result * in data loss. So use reserved blocks to allocate metadata if * possible. * * We pass in the magic EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE if * the blocks in question are delalloc blocks. This indicates * that the blocks and quotas has already been checked when * the data was copied into the page cache. */ get_blocks_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT; dioread_nolock = ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode); if (dioread_nolock) get_blocks_flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT; if (map->m_flags & BIT(BH_Delay)) get_blocks_flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE; err = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, get_blocks_flags); if (err < 0) return err; if (dioread_nolock && (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN)) { if (!mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle && ext4_handle_valid(handle)) { mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle = handle->h_rsv_handle; handle->h_rsv_handle = NULL; } ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(inode, mpd->io_submit.io_end); } BUG_ON(map->m_len == 0); return 0; } /* * mpage_map_and_submit_extent - map extent starting at mpd->lblk of length * mpd->len and submit pages underlying it for IO * * @handle - handle for journal operations * @mpd - extent to map * @give_up_on_write - we set this to true iff there is a fatal error and there * is no hope of writing the data. The caller should discard * dirty pages to avoid infinite loops. * * The function maps extent starting at mpd->lblk of length mpd->len. If it is * delayed, blocks are allocated, if it is unwritten, we may need to convert * them to initialized or split the described range from larger unwritten * extent. Note that we need not map all the described range since allocation * can return less blocks or the range is covered by more unwritten extents. We * cannot map more because we are limited by reserved transaction credits. On * the other hand we always make sure that the last touched page is fully * mapped so that it can be written out (and thus forward progress is * guaranteed). After mapping we submit all mapped pages for IO. */ static int mpage_map_and_submit_extent(handle_t *handle, struct mpage_da_data *mpd, bool *give_up_on_write) { struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; struct ext4_map_blocks *map = &mpd->map; int err; loff_t disksize; int progress = 0; ext4_io_end_t *io_end = mpd->io_submit.io_end; struct ext4_io_end_vec *io_end_vec; io_end_vec = ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(io_end); if (IS_ERR(io_end_vec)) return PTR_ERR(io_end_vec); io_end_vec->offset = ((loff_t)map->m_lblk) << inode->i_blkbits; do { err = mpage_map_one_extent(handle, mpd); if (err < 0) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; if (ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)) || ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED)) goto invalidate_dirty_pages; /* * Let the uper layers retry transient errors. * In the case of ENOSPC, if ext4_count_free_blocks() * is non-zero, a commit should free up blocks. */ if ((err == -ENOMEM) || (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_count_free_clusters(sb))) { if (progress) goto update_disksize; return err; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Delayed block allocation failed for " "inode %lu at logical offset %llu with" " max blocks %u with error %d", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, (unsigned)map->m_len, -err); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "This should not happen!! Data will " "be lost\n"); if (err == -ENOSPC) ext4_print_free_blocks(inode); invalidate_dirty_pages: *give_up_on_write = true; return err; } progress = 1; /* * Update buffer state, submit mapped pages, and get us new * extent to map */ err = mpage_map_and_submit_buffers(mpd); if (err < 0) goto update_disksize; } while (map->m_len); update_disksize: /* * Update on-disk size after IO is submitted. Races with * truncate are avoided by checking i_size under i_data_sem. */ disksize = ((loff_t)mpd->first_page) << PAGE_SHIFT; if (disksize > READ_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { int err2; loff_t i_size; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); i_size = i_size_read(inode); if (disksize > i_size) disksize = i_size; if (disksize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = disksize; up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err2) { ext4_error_err(inode->i_sb, -err2, "Failed to mark inode %lu dirty", inode->i_ino); } if (!err) err = err2; } return err; } /* * Calculate the total number of credits to reserve for one writepages * iteration. This is called from ext4_writepages(). We map an extent of * up to MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN blocks and then we go on and finish mapping * the last partial page. So in total we can map MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN + * bpp - 1 blocks in bpp different extents. */ static int ext4_da_writepages_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode) { int bpp = ext4_journal_blocks_per_page(inode); return ext4_meta_trans_blocks(inode, MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN + bpp - 1, bpp); } /* * mpage_prepare_extent_to_map - find & lock contiguous range of dirty pages * and underlying extent to map * * @mpd - where to look for pages * * Walk dirty pages in the mapping. If they are fully mapped, submit them for * IO immediately. When we find a page which isn't mapped we start accumulating * extent of buffers underlying these pages that needs mapping (formed by * either delayed or unwritten buffers). We also lock the pages containing * these buffers. The extent found is returned in @mpd structure (starting at * mpd->lblk with length mpd->len blocks). * * Note that this function can attach bios to one io_end structure which are * neither logically nor physically contiguous. Although it may seem as an * unnecessary complication, it is actually inevitable in blocksize < pagesize * case as we need to track IO to all buffers underlying a page in one io_end. */ static int mpage_prepare_extent_to_map(struct mpage_da_data *mpd) { struct address_space *mapping = mpd->inode->i_mapping; struct pagevec pvec; unsigned int nr_pages; long left = mpd->wbc->nr_to_write; pgoff_t index = mpd->first_page; pgoff_t end = mpd->last_page; xa_mark_t tag; int i, err = 0; int blkbits = mpd->inode->i_blkbits; ext4_lblk_t lblk; struct buffer_head *head; if (mpd->wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || mpd->wbc->tagged_writepages) tag = PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE; else tag = PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY; pagevec_init(&pvec); mpd->map.m_len = 0; mpd->next_page = index; while (index <= end) { nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range_tag(&pvec, mapping, &index, end, tag); if (nr_pages == 0) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; /* * Accumulated enough dirty pages? This doesn't apply * to WB_SYNC_ALL mode. For integrity sync we have to * keep going because someone may be concurrently * dirtying pages, and we might have synced a lot of * newly appeared dirty pages, but have not synced all * of the old dirty pages. */ if (mpd->wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE && left <= 0) goto out; /* If we can't merge this page, we are done. */ if (mpd->map.m_len > 0 && mpd->next_page != page->index) goto out; lock_page(page); /* * If the page is no longer dirty, or its mapping no * longer corresponds to inode we are writing (which * means it has been truncated or invalidated), or the * page is already under writeback and we are not doing * a data integrity writeback, skip the page */ if (!PageDirty(page) || (PageWriteback(page) && (mpd->wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE)) || unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); continue; } wait_on_page_writeback(page); BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page)); if (mpd->map.m_len == 0) mpd->first_page = page->index; mpd->next_page = page->index + 1; /* Add all dirty buffers to mpd */ lblk = ((ext4_lblk_t)page->index) << (PAGE_SHIFT - blkbits); head = page_buffers(page); err = mpage_process_page_bufs(mpd, head, head, lblk); if (err <= 0) goto out; err = 0; left--; } pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); } mpd->scanned_until_end = 1; return 0; out: pagevec_release(&pvec); return err; } static int ext4_writepages(struct address_space *mapping, struct writeback_control *wbc) { pgoff_t writeback_index = 0; long nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; int range_whole = 0; int cycled = 1; handle_t *handle = NULL; struct mpage_da_data mpd; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; int needed_blocks, rsv_blocks = 0, ret = 0; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(mapping->host->i_sb); struct blk_plug plug; bool give_up_on_write = false; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; percpu_down_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); trace_ext4_writepages(inode, wbc); /* * No pages to write? This is mainly a kludge to avoid starting * a transaction for special inodes like journal inode on last iput() * because that could violate lock ordering on umount */ if (!mapping->nrpages || !mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) goto out_writepages; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = generic_writepages(mapping, wbc); goto out_writepages; } /* * If the filesystem has aborted, it is read-only, so return * right away instead of dumping stack traces later on that * will obscure the real source of the problem. We test * EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED instead of sb->s_flag's SB_RDONLY because * the latter could be true if the filesystem is mounted * read-only, and in that case, ext4_writepages should * *never* be called, so if that ever happens, we would want * the stack trace. */ if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(mapping->host->i_sb)) || ext4_test_mount_flag(inode->i_sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED))) { ret = -EROFS; goto out_writepages; } /* * If we have inline data and arrive here, it means that * we will soon create the block for the 1st page, so * we'd better clear the inline data here. */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { /* Just inode will be modified... */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_writepages; } BUG_ON(ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)); ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); } if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) { /* * We may need to convert up to one extent per block in * the page and we may dirty the inode. */ rsv_blocks = 1 + ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, PAGE_SIZE >> inode->i_blkbits); } if (wbc->range_start == 0 && wbc->range_end == LLONG_MAX) range_whole = 1; if (wbc->range_cyclic) { writeback_index = mapping->writeback_index; if (writeback_index) cycled = 0; mpd.first_page = writeback_index; mpd.last_page = -1; } else { mpd.first_page = wbc->range_start >> PAGE_SHIFT; mpd.last_page = wbc->range_end >> PAGE_SHIFT; } mpd.inode = inode; mpd.wbc = wbc; ext4_io_submit_init(&mpd.io_submit, wbc); retry: if (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->tagged_writepages) tag_pages_for_writeback(mapping, mpd.first_page, mpd.last_page); blk_start_plug(&plug); /* * First writeback pages that don't need mapping - we can avoid * starting a transaction unnecessarily and also avoid being blocked * in the block layer on device congestion while having transaction * started. */ mpd.do_map = 0; mpd.scanned_until_end = 0; mpd.io_submit.io_end = ext4_init_io_end(inode, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpd.io_submit.io_end) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto unplug; } ret = mpage_prepare_extent_to_map(&mpd); /* Unlock pages we didn't use */ mpage_release_unused_pages(&mpd, false); /* Submit prepared bio */ ext4_io_submit(&mpd.io_submit); ext4_put_io_end_defer(mpd.io_submit.io_end); mpd.io_submit.io_end = NULL; if (ret < 0) goto unplug; while (!mpd.scanned_until_end && wbc->nr_to_write > 0) { /* For each extent of pages we use new io_end */ mpd.io_submit.io_end = ext4_init_io_end(inode, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpd.io_submit.io_end) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } /* * We have two constraints: We find one extent to map and we * must always write out whole page (makes a difference when * blocksize < pagesize) so that we don't block on IO when we * try to write out the rest of the page. Journalled mode is * not supported by delalloc. */ BUG_ON(ext4_should_journal_data(inode)); needed_blocks = ext4_da_writepages_trans_blocks(inode); /* start a new transaction */ handle = ext4_journal_start_with_reserve(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, needed_blocks, rsv_blocks); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_CRIT, "%s: jbd2_start: " "%ld pages, ino %lu; err %d", __func__, wbc->nr_to_write, inode->i_ino, ret); /* Release allocated io_end */ ext4_put_io_end(mpd.io_submit.io_end); mpd.io_submit.io_end = NULL; break; } mpd.do_map = 1; trace_ext4_da_write_pages(inode, mpd.first_page, mpd.wbc); ret = mpage_prepare_extent_to_map(&mpd); if (!ret && mpd.map.m_len) ret = mpage_map_and_submit_extent(handle, &mpd, &give_up_on_write); /* * Caution: If the handle is synchronous, * ext4_journal_stop() can wait for transaction commit * to finish which may depend on writeback of pages to * complete or on page lock to be released. In that * case, we have to wait until after we have * submitted all the IO, released page locks we hold, * and dropped io_end reference (for extent conversion * to be able to complete) before stopping the handle. */ if (!ext4_handle_valid(handle) || handle->h_sync == 0) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); handle = NULL; mpd.do_map = 0; } /* Unlock pages we didn't use */ mpage_release_unused_pages(&mpd, give_up_on_write); /* Submit prepared bio */ ext4_io_submit(&mpd.io_submit); /* * Drop our io_end reference we got from init. We have * to be careful and use deferred io_end finishing if * we are still holding the transaction as we can * release the last reference to io_end which may end * up doing unwritten extent conversion. */ if (handle) { ext4_put_io_end_defer(mpd.io_submit.io_end); ext4_journal_stop(handle); } else ext4_put_io_end(mpd.io_submit.io_end); mpd.io_submit.io_end = NULL; if (ret == -ENOSPC && sbi->s_journal) { /* * Commit the transaction which would * free blocks released in the transaction * and try again */ jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(sbi->s_journal); ret = 0; continue; } /* Fatal error - ENOMEM, EIO... */ if (ret) break; } unplug: blk_finish_plug(&plug); if (!ret && !cycled && wbc->nr_to_write > 0) { cycled = 1; mpd.last_page = writeback_index - 1; mpd.first_page = 0; goto retry; } /* Update index */ if (wbc->range_cyclic || (range_whole && wbc->nr_to_write > 0)) /* * Set the writeback_index so that range_cyclic * mode will write it back later */ mapping->writeback_index = mpd.first_page; out_writepages: trace_ext4_writepages_result(inode, wbc, ret, nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write); percpu_up_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); return ret; } static int ext4_dax_writepages(struct address_space *mapping, struct writeback_control *wbc) { int ret; long nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(mapping->host->i_sb); if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; percpu_down_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); trace_ext4_writepages(inode, wbc); ret = dax_writeback_mapping_range(mapping, sbi->s_daxdev, wbc); trace_ext4_writepages_result(inode, wbc, ret, nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write); percpu_up_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); return ret; } static int ext4_nonda_switch(struct super_block *sb) { s64 free_clusters, dirty_clusters; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); /* * switch to non delalloc mode if we are running low * on free block. The free block accounting via percpu * counters can get slightly wrong with percpu_counter_batch getting * accumulated on each CPU without updating global counters * Delalloc need an accurate free block accounting. So switch * to non delalloc when we are near to error range. */ free_clusters = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter); dirty_clusters = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter); /* * Start pushing delalloc when 1/2 of free blocks are dirty. */ if (dirty_clusters && (free_clusters < 2 * dirty_clusters)) try_to_writeback_inodes_sb(sb, WB_REASON_FS_FREE_SPACE); if (2 * free_clusters < 3 * dirty_clusters || free_clusters < (dirty_clusters + EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK)) { /* * free block count is less than 150% of dirty blocks * or free blocks is less than watermark */ return 1; } return 0; } /* We always reserve for an inode update; the superblock could be there too */ static int ext4_da_write_credits(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len) { if (likely(ext4_has_feature_large_file(inode->i_sb))) return 1; if (pos + len <= 0x7fffffffULL) return 1; /* We might need to update the superblock to set LARGE_FILE */ return 2; } static int ext4_da_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata) { int ret, retries = 0; struct page *page; pgoff_t index; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; handle_t *handle; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (ext4_nonda_switch(inode->i_sb) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) || ext4_verity_in_progress(inode)) { *fsdata = (void *)FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC; return ext4_write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata); } *fsdata = (void *)0; trace_ext4_da_write_begin(inode, pos, len, flags); if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)) { ret = ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(mapping, inode, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 1) return 0; } /* * grab_cache_page_write_begin() can take a long time if the * system is thrashing due to memory pressure, or if the page * is being written back. So grab it first before we start * the transaction handle. This also allows us to allocate * the page (if needed) without using GFP_NOFS. */ retry_grab: page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, index, flags); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; unlock_page(page); /* * With delayed allocation, we don't log the i_disksize update * if there is delayed block allocation. But we still need * to journalling the i_disksize update if writes to the end * of file which has an already mapped buffer. */ retry_journal: handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, ext4_da_write_credits(inode, pos, len)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { put_page(page); return PTR_ERR(handle); } lock_page(page); if (page->mapping != mapping) { /* The page got truncated from under us */ unlock_page(page); put_page(page); ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto retry_grab; } /* In case writeback began while the page was unlocked */ wait_for_stable_page(page); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION ret = ext4_block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_da_get_block_prep); #else ret = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_da_get_block_prep); #endif if (ret < 0) { unlock_page(page); ext4_journal_stop(handle); /* * block_write_begin may have instantiated a few blocks * outside i_size. Trim these off again. Don't need * i_size_read because we hold i_mutex. */ if (pos + len > inode->i_size) ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry_journal; put_page(page); return ret; } *pagep = page; return ret; } /* * Check if we should update i_disksize * when write to the end of file but not require block allocation */ static int ext4_da_should_update_i_disksize(struct page *page, unsigned long offset) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; unsigned int idx; int i; bh = page_buffers(page); idx = offset >> inode->i_blkbits; for (i = 0; i < idx; i++) bh = bh->b_this_page; if (!buffer_mapped(bh) || (buffer_delay(bh)) || buffer_unwritten(bh)) return 0; return 1; } static int ext4_da_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; int ret = 0, ret2; handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); loff_t new_i_size; unsigned long start, end; int write_mode = (int)(unsigned long)fsdata; if (write_mode == FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC) return ext4_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); trace_ext4_da_write_end(inode, pos, len, copied); start = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); end = start + copied - 1; /* * Since we are holding inode lock, we are sure i_disksize <= * i_size. We also know that if i_disksize < i_size, there are * delalloc writes pending in the range upto i_size. If the end of * the current write is <= i_size, there's no need to touch * i_disksize since writeback will push i_disksize upto i_size * eventually. If the end of the current write is > i_size and * inside an allocated block (ext4_da_should_update_i_disksize() * check), we need to update i_disksize here as neither * ext4_writepage() nor certain ext4_writepages() paths not * allocating blocks update i_disksize. * * Note that we defer inode dirtying to generic_write_end() / * ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(). */ new_i_size = pos + copied; if (copied && new_i_size > inode->i_size) { if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode) || ext4_da_should_update_i_disksize(page, end)) ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, new_i_size); } if (write_mode != CONVERT_INLINE_DATA && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA) && ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) ret = ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(inode, pos, len, copied, page); else ret = generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); copied = ret; ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (unlikely(ret2 && !ret)) ret = ret2; return ret ? ret : copied; } /* * Force all delayed allocation blocks to be allocated for a given inode. */ int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode) { trace_ext4_alloc_da_blocks(inode); if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks) return 0; /* * We do something simple for now. The filemap_flush() will * also start triggering a write of the data blocks, which is * not strictly speaking necessary (and for users of * laptop_mode, not even desirable). However, to do otherwise * would require replicating code paths in: * * ext4_writepages() -> * write_cache_pages() ---> (via passed in callback function) * __mpage_da_writepage() --> * mpage_add_bh_to_extent() * mpage_da_map_blocks() * * The problem is that write_cache_pages(), located in * mm/page-writeback.c, marks pages clean in preparation for * doing I/O, which is not desirable if we're not planning on * doing I/O at all. * * We could call write_cache_pages(), and then redirty all of * the pages by calling redirty_page_for_writepage() but that * would be ugly in the extreme. So instead we would need to * replicate parts of the code in the above functions, * simplifying them because we wouldn't actually intend to * write out the pages, but rather only collect contiguous * logical block extents, call the multi-block allocator, and * then update the buffer heads with the block allocations. * * For now, though, we'll cheat by calling filemap_flush(), * which will map the blocks, and start the I/O, but not * actually wait for the I/O to complete. */ return filemap_flush(inode->i_mapping); } /* * bmap() is special. It gets used by applications such as lilo and by * the swapper to find the on-disk block of a specific piece of data. * * Naturally, this is dangerous if the block concerned is still in the * journal. If somebody makes a swapfile on an ext4 data-journaling * filesystem and enables swap, then they may get a nasty shock when the * data getting swapped to that swapfile suddenly gets overwritten by * the original zero's written out previously to the journal and * awaiting writeback in the kernel's buffer cache. * * So, if we see any bmap calls here on a modified, data-journaled file, * take extra steps to flush any blocks which might be in the cache. */ static sector_t ext4_bmap(struct address_space *mapping, sector_t block) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; journal_t *journal; int err; /* * We can get here for an inline file via the FIBMAP ioctl */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return 0; if (mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY) && test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC)) { /* * With delalloc we want to sync the file * so that we can make sure we allocate * blocks for file */ filemap_write_and_wait(mapping); } if (EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA)) { /* * This is a REALLY heavyweight approach, but the use of * bmap on dirty files is expected to be extremely rare: * only if we run lilo or swapon on a freshly made file * do we expect this to happen. * * (bmap requires CAP_SYS_RAWIO so this does not * represent an unprivileged user DOS attack --- we'd be * in trouble if mortal users could trigger this path at * will.) * * NB. EXT4_STATE_JDATA is not set on files other than * regular files. If somebody wants to bmap a directory * or symlink and gets confused because the buffer * hasn't yet been flushed to disk, they deserve * everything they get. */ ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA); journal = EXT4_JOURNAL(inode); jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal); err = jbd2_journal_flush(journal); jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(journal); if (err) return 0; } return iomap_bmap(mapping, block, &ext4_iomap_ops); } static int ext4_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page) { int ret = -EAGAIN; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; trace_ext4_readpage(page); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) ret = ext4_readpage_inline(inode, page); if (ret == -EAGAIN) return ext4_mpage_readpages(inode, NULL, page); return ret; } static void ext4_readahead(struct readahead_control *rac) { struct inode *inode = rac->mapping->host; /* If the file has inline data, no need to do readahead. */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return; ext4_mpage_readpages(inode, rac, NULL); } static void ext4_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { trace_ext4_invalidatepage(page, offset, length); /* No journalling happens on data buffers when this function is used */ WARN_ON(page_has_buffers(page) && buffer_jbd(page_buffers(page))); block_invalidatepage(page, offset, length); } static int __ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_JOURNAL(page->mapping->host); trace_ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(page, offset, length); /* * If it's a full truncate we just forget about the pending dirtying */ if (offset == 0 && length == PAGE_SIZE) ClearPageChecked(page); return jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal, page, offset, length); } /* Wrapper for aops... */ static void ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { WARN_ON(__ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(page, offset, length) < 0); } static int ext4_releasepage(struct page *page, gfp_t wait) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_JOURNAL(page->mapping->host); trace_ext4_releasepage(page); /* Page has dirty journalled data -> cannot release */ if (PageChecked(page)) return 0; if (journal) return jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal, page); else return try_to_free_buffers(page); } static bool ext4_inode_datasync_dirty(struct inode *inode) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal; if (journal) { if (jbd2_transaction_committed(journal, EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid)) return false; if (test_opt2(inode->i_sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT)) return !list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list); return true; } /* Any metadata buffers to write? */ if (!list_empty(&inode->i_mapping->private_list)) return true; return inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_DATASYNC; } static void ext4_set_iomap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, loff_t offset, loff_t length) { u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; /* * Writes that span EOF might trigger an I/O size update on completion, * so consider them to be dirty for the purpose of O_DSYNC, even if * there is no other metadata changes being made or are pending. */ iomap->flags = 0; if (ext4_inode_datasync_dirty(inode) || offset + length > i_size_read(inode)) iomap->flags |= IOMAP_F_DIRTY; if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) iomap->flags |= IOMAP_F_NEW; iomap->bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev; iomap->dax_dev = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_daxdev; iomap->offset = (u64) map->m_lblk << blkbits; iomap->length = (u64) map->m_len << blkbits; if ((map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) && !ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) iomap->flags |= IOMAP_F_MERGED; /* * Flags passed to ext4_map_blocks() for direct I/O writes can result * in m_flags having both EXT4_MAP_MAPPED and EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN bits * set. In order for any allocated unwritten extents to be converted * into written extents correctly within the ->end_io() handler, we * need to ensure that the iomap->type is set appropriately. Hence, the * reason why we need to check whether the EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN bit has * been set first. */ if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) { iomap->type = IOMAP_UNWRITTEN; iomap->addr = (u64) map->m_pblk << blkbits; } else if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) { iomap->type = IOMAP_MAPPED; iomap->addr = (u64) map->m_pblk << blkbits; } else { iomap->type = IOMAP_HOLE; iomap->addr = IOMAP_NULL_ADDR; } } static int ext4_iomap_alloc(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, unsigned int flags) { handle_t *handle; u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; int ret, dio_credits, m_flags = 0, retries = 0; /* * Trim the mapping request to the maximum value that we can map at * once for direct I/O. */ if (map->m_len > DIO_MAX_BLOCKS) map->m_len = DIO_MAX_BLOCKS; dio_credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, map->m_len); retry: /* * Either we allocate blocks and then don't get an unwritten extent, so * in that case we have reserved enough credits. Or, the blocks are * already allocated and unwritten. In that case, the extent conversion * fits into the credits as well. */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, dio_credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); /* * DAX and direct I/O are the only two operations that are currently * supported with IOMAP_WRITE. */ WARN_ON(!IS_DAX(inode) && !(flags & IOMAP_DIRECT)); if (IS_DAX(inode)) m_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO; /* * We use i_size instead of i_disksize here because delalloc writeback * can complete at any point during the I/O and subsequently push the * i_disksize out to i_size. This could be beyond where direct I/O is * happening and thus expose allocated blocks to direct I/O reads. */ else if (((loff_t)map->m_lblk << blkbits) >= i_size_read(inode)) m_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE; else if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) m_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT; ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, m_flags); /* * We cannot fill holes in indirect tree based inodes as that could * expose stale data in the case of a crash. Use the magic error code * to fallback to buffered I/O. */ if (!m_flags && !ret) ret = -ENOTBLK; ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return ret; } static int ext4_iomap_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int ret; struct ext4_map_blocks map; u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; if ((offset >> blkbits) > EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) return -EINVAL; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_inline_data(inode))) return -ERANGE; /* * Calculate the first and last logical blocks respectively. */ map.m_lblk = offset >> blkbits; map.m_len = min_t(loff_t, (offset + length - 1) >> blkbits, EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) - map.m_lblk + 1; if (flags & IOMAP_WRITE) { /* * We check here if the blocks are already allocated, then we * don't need to start a journal txn and we can directly return * the mapping information. This could boost performance * especially in multi-threaded overwrite requests. */ if (offset + length <= i_size_read(inode)) { ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret > 0 && (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED)) goto out; } ret = ext4_iomap_alloc(inode, &map, flags); } else { ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); } if (ret < 0) return ret; out: ext4_set_iomap(inode, iomap, &map, offset, length); return 0; } static int ext4_iomap_overwrite_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int ret; /* * Even for writes we don't need to allocate blocks, so just pretend * we are reading to save overhead of starting a transaction. */ flags &= ~IOMAP_WRITE; ret = ext4_iomap_begin(inode, offset, length, flags, iomap, srcmap); WARN_ON_ONCE(iomap->type != IOMAP_MAPPED); return ret; } static int ext4_iomap_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, ssize_t written, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap) { /* * Check to see whether an error occurred while writing out the data to * the allocated blocks. If so, return the magic error code so that we * fallback to buffered I/O and attempt to complete the remainder of * the I/O. Any blocks that may have been allocated in preparation for * the direct I/O will be reused during buffered I/O. */ if (flags & (IOMAP_WRITE | IOMAP_DIRECT) && written == 0) return -ENOTBLK; return 0; } const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_begin, .iomap_end = ext4_iomap_end, }; const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_overwrite_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_overwrite_begin, .iomap_end = ext4_iomap_end, }; static bool ext4_iomap_is_delalloc(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map) { struct extent_status es; ext4_lblk_t offset = 0, end = map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1; ext4_es_find_extent_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, map->m_lblk, end, &es); if (!es.es_len || es.es_lblk > end) return false; if (es.es_lblk > map->m_lblk) { map->m_len = es.es_lblk - map->m_lblk; return false; } offset = map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk; map->m_len = es.es_len - offset; return true; } static int ext4_iomap_begin_report(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned int flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int ret; bool delalloc = false; struct ext4_map_blocks map; u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; if ((offset >> blkbits) > EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) return -EINVAL; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_inline_data_iomap(inode, iomap); if (ret != -EAGAIN) { if (ret == 0 && offset >= iomap->length) ret = -ENOENT; return ret; } } /* * Calculate the first and last logical block respectively. */ map.m_lblk = offset >> blkbits; map.m_len = min_t(loff_t, (offset + length - 1) >> blkbits, EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) - map.m_lblk + 1; /* * Fiemap callers may call for offset beyond s_bitmap_maxbytes. * So handle it here itself instead of querying ext4_map_blocks(). * Since ext4_map_blocks() will warn about it and will return * -EIO error. */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); if (offset >= sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes) { map.m_flags = 0; goto set_iomap; } } ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) delalloc = ext4_iomap_is_delalloc(inode, &map); set_iomap: ext4_set_iomap(inode, iomap, &map, offset, length); if (delalloc && iomap->type == IOMAP_HOLE) iomap->type = IOMAP_DELALLOC; return 0; } const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_report_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_begin_report, }; /* * Pages can be marked dirty completely asynchronously from ext4's journalling * activity. By filemap_sync_pte(), try_to_unmap_one(), etc. We cannot do * much here because ->set_page_dirty is called under VFS locks. The page is * not necessarily locked. * * We cannot just dirty the page and leave attached buffers clean, because the * buffers' dirty state is "definitive". We cannot just set the buffers dirty * or jbddirty because all the journalling code will explode. * * So what we do is to mark the page "pending dirty" and next time writepage * is called, propagate that into the buffers appropriately. */ static int ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty(struct page *page) { SetPageChecked(page); return __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(page); } static int ext4_set_page_dirty(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageLocked(page) && !PageDirty(page)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!page_has_buffers(page)); return __set_page_dirty_buffers(page); } static int ext4_iomap_swap_activate(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span) { return iomap_swapfile_activate(sis, file, span, &ext4_iomap_report_ops); } static const struct address_space_operations ext4_aops = { .readpage = ext4_readpage, .readahead = ext4_readahead, .writepage = ext4_writepage, .writepages = ext4_writepages, .write_begin = ext4_write_begin, .write_end = ext4_write_end, .set_page_dirty = ext4_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage, .releasepage = ext4_releasepage, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page, .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate, .error_remove_page = generic_error_remove_page, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; static const struct address_space_operations ext4_journalled_aops = { .readpage = ext4_readpage, .readahead = ext4_readahead, .writepage = ext4_writepage, .writepages = ext4_writepages, .write_begin = ext4_write_begin, .write_end = ext4_journalled_write_end, .set_page_dirty = ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = ext4_journalled_invalidatepage, .releasepage = ext4_releasepage, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate, .error_remove_page = generic_error_remove_page, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; static const struct address_space_operations ext4_da_aops = { .readpage = ext4_readpage, .readahead = ext4_readahead, .writepage = ext4_writepage, .writepages = ext4_writepages, .write_begin = ext4_da_write_begin, .write_end = ext4_da_write_end, .set_page_dirty = ext4_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage, .releasepage = ext4_releasepage, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page, .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate, .error_remove_page = generic_error_remove_page, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; static const struct address_space_operations ext4_dax_aops = { .writepages = ext4_dax_writepages, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .set_page_dirty = noop_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = noop_invalidatepage, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode) { switch (ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode)) { case EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE: case EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE: break; case EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE: inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_journalled_aops; return; default: BUG(); } if (IS_DAX(inode)) inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_dax_aops; else if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC)) inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_da_aops; else inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_aops; } static int __ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle_t *handle, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from, loff_t length) { ext4_fsblk_t index = from >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned blocksize, pos; ext4_lblk_t iblock; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct buffer_head *bh; struct page *page; int err = 0; page = find_or_create_page(mapping, from >> PAGE_SHIFT, mapping_gfp_constraint(mapping, ~__GFP_FS)); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; iblock = index << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) create_empty_buffers(page, blocksize, 0); /* Find the buffer that contains "offset" */ bh = page_buffers(page); pos = blocksize; while (offset >= pos) { bh = bh->b_this_page; iblock++; pos += blocksize; } if (buffer_freed(bh)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "freed: skip"); goto unlock; } if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "unmapped"); ext4_get_block(inode, iblock, bh, 0); /* unmapped? It's a hole - nothing to do */ if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "still unmapped"); goto unlock; } } /* Ok, it's mapped. Make sure it's up-to-date */ if (PageUptodate(page)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { err = ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, 0, true); if (err) goto unlock; if (fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto(inode)) { /* We expect the key to be set. */ BUG_ON(!fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode)); err = fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(page, blocksize, bh_offset(bh)); if (err) { clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); goto unlock; } } } if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get write access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto unlock; } zero_user(page, offset, length); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "zeroed end of block"); if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } else { err = 0; mark_buffer_dirty(bh); if (ext4_should_order_data(inode)) err = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle, inode, from, length); } unlock: unlock_page(page); put_page(page); return err; } /* * ext4_block_zero_page_range() zeros out a mapping of length 'length' * starting from file offset 'from'. The range to be zero'd must * be contained with in one block. If the specified range exceeds * the end of the block it will be shortened to end of the block * that cooresponds to 'from' */ static int ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle_t *handle, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from, loff_t length) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned max = blocksize - (offset & (blocksize - 1)); /* * correct length if it does not fall between * 'from' and the end of the block */ if (length > max || length < 0) length = max; if (IS_DAX(inode)) { return iomap_zero_range(inode, from, length, NULL, &ext4_iomap_ops); } return __ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, from, length); } /* * ext4_block_truncate_page() zeroes out a mapping from file offset `from' * up to the end of the block which corresponds to `from'. * This required during truncate. We need to physically zero the tail end * of that block so it doesn't yield old data if the file is later grown. */ static int ext4_block_truncate_page(handle_t *handle, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from) { unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned length; unsigned blocksize; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; /* If we are processing an encrypted inode during orphan list handling */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && !fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode)) return 0; blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; length = blocksize - (offset & (blocksize - 1)); return ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, from, length); } int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t length) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; unsigned partial_start, partial_end; ext4_fsblk_t start, end; loff_t byte_end = (lstart + length - 1); int err = 0; partial_start = lstart & (sb->s_blocksize - 1); partial_end = byte_end & (sb->s_blocksize - 1); start = lstart >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; end = byte_end >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; /* Handle partial zero within the single block */ if (start == end && (partial_start || (partial_end != sb->s_blocksize - 1))) { err = ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, lstart, length); return err; } /* Handle partial zero out on the start of the range */ if (partial_start) { err = ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, lstart, sb->s_blocksize); if (err) return err; } /* Handle partial zero out on the end of the range */ if (partial_end != sb->s_blocksize - 1) err = ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, byte_end - partial_end, partial_end + 1); return err; } int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return 1; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return 1; if (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) return !ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(inode); return 0; } /* * We have to make sure i_disksize gets properly updated before we truncate * page cache due to hole punching or zero range. Otherwise i_disksize update * can get lost as it may have been postponed to submission of writeback but * that will never happen after we truncate page cache. */ int ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { handle_t *handle; int ret; loff_t size = i_size_read(inode); WARN_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode)); if (offset > size || offset + len < size) return 0; if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize >= size) return 0; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MISC, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, size); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); return ret; } static void ext4_wait_dax_page(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { up_write(&ei->i_mmap_sem); schedule(); down_write(&ei->i_mmap_sem); } int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct page *page; int error; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!rwsem_is_locked(&ei->i_mmap_sem))) return -EINVAL; do { page = dax_layout_busy_page(inode->i_mapping); if (!page) return 0; error = ___wait_var_event(&page->_refcount, atomic_read(&page->_refcount) == 1, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, ext4_wait_dax_page(ei)); } while (error == 0); return error; } /* * ext4_punch_hole: punches a hole in a file by releasing the blocks * associated with the given offset and length * * @inode: File inode * @offset: The offset where the hole will begin * @len: The length of the hole * * Returns: 0 on success or negative on failure */ int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t first_block, stop_block; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; loff_t first_block_offset, last_block_offset; handle_t *handle; unsigned int credits; int ret = 0, ret2 = 0; trace_ext4_punch_hole(inode, offset, length, 0); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); if (ret) return ret; } /* * Write out all dirty pages to avoid race conditions * Then release them. */ if (mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) { ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, offset, offset + length - 1); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* No need to punch hole beyond i_size */ if (offset >= inode->i_size) goto out_mutex; /* * If the hole extends beyond i_size, set the hole * to end after the page that contains i_size */ if (offset + length > inode->i_size) { length = inode->i_size + PAGE_SIZE - (inode->i_size & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) - offset; } if (offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1) || (offset + length) & (sb->s_blocksize - 1)) { /* * Attach jinode to inode for jbd2 if we do any zeroing of * partial block */ ret = ext4_inode_attach_jinode(inode); if (ret < 0) goto out_mutex; } /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_dio; first_block_offset = round_up(offset, sb->s_blocksize); last_block_offset = round_down((offset + length), sb->s_blocksize) - 1; /* Now release the pages and zero block aligned part of pages*/ if (last_block_offset > first_block_offset) { ret = ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(inode, offset, length); if (ret) goto out_dio; truncate_pagecache_range(inode, first_block_offset, last_block_offset); } if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); else credits = ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_std_error(sb, ret); goto out_dio; } ret = ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle, inode, offset, length); if (ret) goto out_stop; first_block = (offset + sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); stop_block = (offset + length) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* If there are blocks to remove, do it */ if (stop_block > first_block) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, first_block, stop_block - first_block); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, first_block, stop_block - 1); else ret = ext4_ind_remove_space(handle, inode, first_block, stop_block); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, first_block, stop_block); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(ret2)) ret = ret2; if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_dio: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct jbd2_inode *jinode; if (ei->jinode || !EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal) return 0; jinode = jbd2_alloc_inode(GFP_KERNEL); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (!ei->jinode) { if (!jinode) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return -ENOMEM; } ei->jinode = jinode; jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(ei->jinode, inode); jinode = NULL; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (unlikely(jinode != NULL)) jbd2_free_inode(jinode); return 0; } /* * ext4_truncate() * * We block out ext4_get_block() block instantiations across the entire * transaction, and VFS/VM ensures that ext4_truncate() cannot run * simultaneously on behalf of the same inode. * * As we work through the truncate and commit bits of it to the journal there * is one core, guiding principle: the file's tree must always be consistent on * disk. We must be able to restart the truncate after a crash. * * The file's tree may be transiently inconsistent in memory (although it * probably isn't), but whenever we close off and commit a journal transaction, * the contents of (the filesystem + the journal) must be consistent and * restartable. It's pretty simple, really: bottom up, right to left (although * left-to-right works OK too). * * Note that at recovery time, journal replay occurs *before* the restart of * truncate against the orphan inode list. * * The committed inode has the new, desired i_size (which is the same as * i_disksize in this case). After a crash, ext4_orphan_cleanup() will see * that this inode's truncate did not complete and it will again call * ext4_truncate() to have another go. So there will be instantiated blocks * to the right of the truncation point in a crashed ext4 filesystem. But * that's fine - as long as they are linked from the inode, the post-crash * ext4_truncate() run will find them and release them. */ int ext4_truncate(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); unsigned int credits; int err = 0, err2; handle_t *handle; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; /* * There is a possibility that we're either freeing the inode * or it's a completely new inode. In those cases we might not * have i_mutex locked because it's not necessary. */ if (!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW|I_FREEING))) WARN_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode)); trace_ext4_truncate_enter(inode); if (!ext4_can_truncate(inode)) goto out_trace; if (inode->i_size == 0 && !test_opt(inode->i_sb, NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC)) ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline = 1; err = ext4_inline_data_truncate(inode, &has_inline); if (err || has_inline) goto out_trace; } /* If we zero-out tail of the page, we have to create jinode for jbd2 */ if (inode->i_size & (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1)) { if (ext4_inode_attach_jinode(inode) < 0) goto out_trace; } if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); else credits = ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_trace; } if (inode->i_size & (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1)) ext4_block_truncate_page(handle, mapping, inode->i_size); /* * We add the inode to the orphan list, so that if this * truncate spans multiple transactions, and we crash, we will * resume the truncate when the filesystem recovers. It also * marks the inode dirty, to catch the new size. * * Implication: the file must always be in a sane, consistent * truncatable state while each transaction commits. */ err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (err) goto out_stop; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) err = ext4_ext_truncate(handle, inode); else ext4_ind_truncate(handle, inode); up_write(&ei->i_data_sem); if (err) goto out_stop; if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_stop: /* * If this was a simple ftruncate() and the file will remain alive, * then we need to clear up the orphan record which we created above. * However, if this was a real unlink then we were called by * ext4_evict_inode(), and we allow that function to clean up the * orphan info for us. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(err2 && !err)) err = err2; ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_trace: trace_ext4_truncate_exit(inode); return err; } /* * ext4_get_inode_loc returns with an extra refcount against the inode's * underlying buffer_head on success. If 'in_mem' is true, we have all * data in memory that is needed to recreate the on-disk version of this * inode. */ static int __ext4_get_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc, int in_mem, ext4_fsblk_t *ret_block) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_fsblk_t block; struct blk_plug plug; int inodes_per_block, inode_offset; iloc->bh = NULL; if (ino < EXT4_ROOT_INO || ino > le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; iloc->block_group = (ino - 1) / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, iloc->block_group, NULL); if (!gdp) return -EIO; /* * Figure out the offset within the block group inode table */ inodes_per_block = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inodes_per_block; inode_offset = ((ino - 1) % EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)); block = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp) + (inode_offset / inodes_per_block); iloc->offset = (inode_offset % inodes_per_block) * EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb); bh = sb_getblk(sb, block); if (unlikely(!bh)) return -ENOMEM; if (ext4_simulate_fail(sb, EXT4_SIM_INODE_EIO)) goto simulate_eio; if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { lock_buffer(bh); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) { /* someone brought it uptodate while we waited */ unlock_buffer(bh); goto has_buffer; } /* * If we have all information of the inode in memory and this * is the only valid inode in the block, we need not read the * block. */ if (in_mem) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh; int i, start; start = inode_offset & ~(inodes_per_block - 1); /* Is the inode bitmap in cache? */ bitmap_bh = sb_getblk(sb, ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp)); if (unlikely(!bitmap_bh)) goto make_io; /* * If the inode bitmap isn't in cache then the * optimisation may end up performing two reads instead * of one, so skip it. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bitmap_bh)) { brelse(bitmap_bh); goto make_io; } for (i = start; i < start + inodes_per_block; i++) { if (i == inode_offset) continue; if (ext4_test_bit(i, bitmap_bh->b_data)) break; } brelse(bitmap_bh); if (i == start + inodes_per_block) { /* all other inodes are free, so skip I/O */ memset(bh->b_data, 0, bh->b_size); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); goto has_buffer; } } make_io: /* * If we need to do any I/O, try to pre-readahead extra * blocks from the inode table. */ blk_start_plug(&plug); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inode_readahead_blks) { ext4_fsblk_t b, end, table; unsigned num; __u32 ra_blks = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inode_readahead_blks; table = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp); /* s_inode_readahead_blks is always a power of 2 */ b = block & ~((ext4_fsblk_t) ra_blks - 1); if (table > b) b = table; end = b + ra_blks; num = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) num -= ext4_itable_unused_count(sb, gdp); table += num / inodes_per_block; if (end > table) end = table; while (b <= end) ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(sb, b++); } /* * There are other valid inodes in the buffer, this inode * has in-inode xattrs, or we don't have this inode in memory. * Read the block from disk. */ trace_ext4_load_inode(sb, ino); ext4_read_bh_nowait(bh, REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, NULL); blk_finish_plug(&plug); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { simulate_eio: if (ret_block) *ret_block = block; brelse(bh); return -EIO; } } has_buffer: iloc->bh = bh; return 0; } static int __ext4_get_inode_loc_noinmem(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { ext4_fsblk_t err_blk; int ret; ret = __ext4_get_inode_loc(inode->i_sb, inode->i_ino, iloc, 0, &err_blk); if (ret == -EIO) ext4_error_inode_block(inode, err_blk, EIO, "unable to read itable block"); return ret; } int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { ext4_fsblk_t err_blk; int ret; /* We have all inode data except xattrs in memory here. */ ret = __ext4_get_inode_loc(inode->i_sb, inode->i_ino, iloc, !ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR), &err_blk); if (ret == -EIO) ext4_error_inode_block(inode, err_blk, EIO, "unable to read itable block"); return ret; } int ext4_get_fc_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { return __ext4_get_inode_loc(sb, ino, iloc, 0, NULL); } static bool ext4_should_enable_dax(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); if (test_opt2(inode->i_sb, DAX_NEVER)) return false; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return false; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return false; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return false; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT)) return false; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_VERITY)) return false; if (!test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX, &sbi->s_ext4_flags)) return false; if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DAX_ALWAYS)) return true; return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_DAX); } void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *inode, bool init) { unsigned int flags = EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags; unsigned int new_fl = 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_DAX(inode) && init); if (flags & EXT4_SYNC_FL) new_fl |= S_SYNC; if (flags & EXT4_APPEND_FL) new_fl |= S_APPEND; if (flags & EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL) new_fl |= S_IMMUTABLE; if (flags & EXT4_NOATIME_FL) new_fl |= S_NOATIME; if (flags & EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL) new_fl |= S_DIRSYNC; /* Because of the way inode_set_flags() works we must preserve S_DAX * here if already set. */ new_fl |= (inode->i_flags & S_DAX); if (init && ext4_should_enable_dax(inode)) new_fl |= S_DAX; if (flags & EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL) new_fl |= S_ENCRYPTED; if (flags & EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) new_fl |= S_CASEFOLD; if (flags & EXT4_VERITY_FL) new_fl |= S_VERITY; inode_set_flags(inode, new_fl, S_SYNC|S_APPEND|S_IMMUTABLE|S_NOATIME|S_DIRSYNC|S_DAX| S_ENCRYPTED|S_CASEFOLD|S_VERITY); } static blkcnt_t ext4_inode_blocks(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { blkcnt_t i_blocks ; struct inode *inode = &(ei->vfs_inode); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; if (ext4_has_feature_huge_file(sb)) { /* we are using combined 48 bit field */ i_blocks = ((u64)le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_blocks_high)) << 32 | le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_blocks_lo); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE)) { /* i_blocks represent file system block size */ return i_blocks << (inode->i_blkbits - 9); } else { return i_blocks; } } else { return le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_blocks_lo); } } static inline int ext4_iget_extra_inode(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { __le32 *magic = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + ei->i_extra_isize; if (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + ei->i_extra_isize + sizeof(__le32) <= EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) && *magic == cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC)) { ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR); return ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(inode); } else EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off = 0; return 0; } int ext4_get_projid(struct inode *inode, kprojid_t *projid) { if (!ext4_has_feature_project(inode->i_sb)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; *projid = EXT4_I(inode)->i_projid; return 0; } /* * ext4 has self-managed i_version for ea inodes, it stores the lower 32bit of * refcount in i_version, so use raw values if inode has EXT4_EA_INODE_FL flag * set. */ static inline void ext4_inode_set_iversion_queried(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { if (unlikely(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, val); else inode_set_iversion_queried(inode, val); } static inline u64 ext4_inode_peek_iversion(const struct inode *inode) { if (unlikely(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); else return inode_peek_iversion(inode); } struct inode *__ext4_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, ext4_iget_flags flags, const char *function, unsigned int line) { struct ext4_iloc iloc; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_inode_info *ei; struct inode *inode; journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; long ret; loff_t size; int block; uid_t i_uid; gid_t i_gid; projid_t i_projid; if ((!(flags & EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL) && (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino != EXT4_ROOT_INO)) || (ino < EXT4_ROOT_INO) || (ino > le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count))) { if (flags & EXT4_IGET_HANDLE) return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); __ext4_error(sb, function, line, EFSCORRUPTED, 0, "inode #%lu: comm %s: iget: illegal inode #", ino, current->comm); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } inode = iget_locked(sb, ino); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!(inode->i_state & I_NEW)) return inode; ei = EXT4_I(inode); iloc.bh = NULL; ret = __ext4_get_inode_loc_noinmem(inode, &iloc); if (ret < 0) goto bad_inode; raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc); if ((ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO) && (raw_inode->i_links_count == 0)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: root inode unallocated"); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto bad_inode; } if ((flags & EXT4_IGET_HANDLE) && (raw_inode->i_links_count == 0) && (raw_inode->i_mode == 0)) { ret = -ESTALE; goto bad_inode; } if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) { ei->i_extra_isize = le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_extra_isize); if (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + ei->i_extra_isize > EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) || (ei->i_extra_isize & 3)) { ext4_error_