1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TIMERQUEUE_H #define _LINUX_TIMERQUEUE_H #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> struct timerqueue_node { struct rb_node node; ktime_t expires; }; struct timerqueue_head { struct rb_root_cached rb_root; }; extern bool timerqueue_add(struct timerqueue_head *head, struct timerqueue_node *node); extern bool timerqueue_del(struct timerqueue_head *head, struct timerqueue_node *node); extern struct timerqueue_node *timerqueue_iterate_next( struct timerqueue_node *node); /** * timerqueue_getnext - Returns the timer with the earliest expiration time * * @head: head of timerqueue * * Returns a pointer to the timer node that has the earliest expiration time. */ static inline struct timerqueue_node *timerqueue_getnext(struct timerqueue_head *head) { struct rb_node *leftmost = rb_first_cached(&head->rb_root); return rb_entry(leftmost, struct timerqueue_node, node); } static inline void timerqueue_init(struct timerqueue_node *node) { RB_CLEAR_NODE(&node->node); } static inline bool timerqueue_node_queued(struct timerqueue_node *node) { return !RB_EMPTY_NODE(&node->node); } static inline bool timerqueue_node_expires(struct timerqueue_node *node) { return node->expires; } static inline void timerqueue_init_head(struct timerqueue_head *head) { head->rb_root = RB_ROOT_CACHED; } #endif /* _LINUX_TIMERQUEUE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * AEAD: Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #define _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * DOC: Authenticated Encryption With Associated Data (AEAD) Cipher API * * The AEAD cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AEAD * (listed as type "aead" in /proc/crypto) * * The most prominent examples for this type of encryption is GCM and CCM. * However, the kernel supports other types of AEAD ciphers which are defined * with the following cipher string: * * authenc(keyed message digest, block cipher) * * For example: authenc(hmac(sha256), cbc(aes)) * * The example code provided for the symmetric key cipher operation * applies here as well. Naturally all *skcipher* symbols must be exchanged * the *aead* pendants discussed in the following. In addition, for the AEAD * operation, the aead_request_set_ad function must be used to set the * pointer to the associated data memory location before performing the * encryption or decryption operation. In case of an encryption, the associated * data memory is filled during the encryption operation. For decryption, the * associated data memory must contain data that is used to verify the integrity * of the decrypted data. Another deviation from the asynchronous block cipher * operation is that the caller should explicitly check for -EBADMSG of the * crypto_aead_decrypt. That error indicates an authentication error, i.e. * a breach in the integrity of the message. In essence, that -EBADMSG error * code is the key bonus an AEAD cipher has over "standard" block chaining * modes. * * Memory Structure: * * The source scatterlist must contain the concatenation of * associated data || plaintext or ciphertext. * * The destination scatterlist has the same layout, except that the plaintext * (resp. ciphertext) will grow (resp. shrink) by the authentication tag size * during encryption (resp. decryption). * * In-place encryption/decryption is enabled by using the same scatterlist * pointer for both the source and destination. * * Even in the out-of-place case, space must be reserved in the destination for * the associated data, even though it won't be written to. This makes the * in-place and out-of-place cases more consistent. It is permissible for the * "destination" associated data to alias the "source" associated data. * * As with the other scatterlist crypto APIs, zero-length scatterlist elements * are not allowed in the used part of the scatterlist. Thus, if there is no * associated data, the first element must point to the plaintext/ciphertext. * * To meet the needs of IPsec, a special quirk applies to rfc4106, rfc4309, * rfc4543, and rfc7539esp ciphers. For these ciphers, the final 'ivsize' bytes * of the associated data buffer must contain a second copy of the IV. This is * in addition to the copy passed to aead_request_set_crypt(). These two IV * copies must not differ; different implementations of the same algorithm may * behave differently in that case. Note that the algorithm might not actually * treat the IV as associated data; nevertheless the length passed to * aead_request_set_ad() must include it. */ struct crypto_aead; /** * struct aead_request - AEAD request * @base: Common attributes for async crypto requests * @assoclen: Length in bytes of associated data for authentication * @cryptlen: Length of data to be encrypted or decrypted * @iv: Initialisation vector * @src: Source data * @dst: Destination data * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct aead_request { struct crypto_async_request base; unsigned int assoclen; unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; /** * struct aead_alg - AEAD cipher definition * @maxauthsize: Set the maximum authentication tag size supported by the * transformation. A transformation may support smaller tag sizes. * As the authentication tag is a message digest to ensure the * integrity of the encrypted data, a consumer typically wants the * largest authentication tag possible as defined by this * variable. * @setauthsize: Set authentication size for the AEAD transformation. This * function is used to specify the consumer requested size of the * authentication tag to be either generated by the transformation * during encryption or the size of the authentication tag to be * supplied during the decryption operation. This function is also * responsible for checking the authentication tag size for * validity. * @setkey: see struct skcipher_alg * @encrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @decrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @ivsize: see struct skcipher_alg * @chunksize: see struct skcipher_alg * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto cipher algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize is mandatory and must be filled. */ struct aead_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*setauthsize)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); int (*encrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int maxauthsize; unsigned int chunksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct crypto_aead { unsigned int authsize; unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; static inline struct crypto_aead *__crypto_aead_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_aead, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_aead() - allocate AEAD cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * AEAD cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an AEAD. The returned struct * crypto_aead is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that AEAD. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_aead *crypto_alloc_aead(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_aead_tfm(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_aead() - zeroize and free aead handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_aead(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct aead_alg *crypto_aead_alg(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct aead_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_aead_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the aead referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_ivsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(crypto_aead_alg(tfm)); } /** * crypto_aead_authsize() - obtain maximum authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The maximum size of the authentication data for the AEAD cipher referenced * by the AEAD cipher handle is returned. The authentication data size may be * zero if the cipher implements a hard-coded maximum. * * The authentication data may also be known as "tag value". * * Return: authentication data size / tag size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_authsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->authsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->maxauthsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_maxauthsize(struct crypto_aead *aead) { return crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(crypto_aead_alg(aead)); } /** * crypto_aead_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the AEAD referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the * data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_blocksize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alignmask(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_aead_get_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_aead_set_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_aead_clear_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_aead_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the AEAD referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setkey(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_aead_setauthsize() - set authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * @authsize: size of the authentication data / tag in bytes * * Set the authentication data size / tag size. AEAD requires an authentication * tag (or MAC) in addition to the associated data. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setauthsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); static inline struct crypto_aead *crypto_aead_reqtfm(struct aead_request *req) { return __crypto_aead_cast(req->base.tfm); } /** * crypto_aead_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The encryption operation creates the authentication data / * tag. That data is concatenated with the created ciphertext. * The ciphertext memory size is therefore the given number of * block cipher blocks + the size defined by the * crypto_aead_setauthsize invocation. The caller must ensure * that sufficient memory is available for the ciphertext and * the authentication tag. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_encrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * crypto_aead_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The caller must concatenate the ciphertext followed by the * authentication data / tag. That authentication data / tag * must have the size defined by the crypto_aead_setauthsize * invocation. * * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; -EBADMSG: The AEAD * cipher operation performs the authentication of the data during the * decryption operation. Therefore, the function returns this error if * the authentication of the ciphertext was unsuccessful (i.e. the * integrity of the ciphertext or the associated data was violated); * < 0 if an error occurred. */ int crypto_aead_decrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * DOC: Asynchronous AEAD Request Handle * * The aead_request data structure contains all pointers to data required for * the AEAD cipher operation. This includes the cipher handle (which can be * used by multiple aead_request instances), pointer to plaintext and * ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts as a handle to the * aead_request_* API calls in a similar way as AEAD handle to the * crypto_aead_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_aead_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_reqsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * aead_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing aead handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void aead_request_set_tfm(struct aead_request *req, struct crypto_aead *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_aead_tfm(tfm); } /** * aead_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the AEAD * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided aead * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct aead_request *aead_request_alloc(struct crypto_aead *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct aead_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(*req) + crypto_aead_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) aead_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * aead_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void aead_request_free(struct aead_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } /** * aead_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * Setting the callback function that is triggered once the cipher operation * completes * * The callback function is registered with the aead_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void aead_request_set_callback(struct aead_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * aead_request_set_crypt - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_aead_ivsize() * * Setting the source data and destination data scatter / gather lists which * hold the associated data concatenated with the plaintext or ciphertext. See * below for the authentication tag. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. * * The memory structure for cipher operation has the following structure: * * - AEAD encryption input: assoc data || plaintext * - AEAD encryption output: assoc data || cipherntext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption input: assoc data || ciphertext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption output: assoc data || plaintext * * Albeit the kernel requires the presence of the AAD buffer, however, * the kernel does not fill the AAD buffer in the output case. If the * caller wants to have that data buffer filled, the caller must either * use an in-place cipher operation (i.e. same memory location for * input/output memory location). */ static inline void aead_request_set_crypt(struct aead_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, u8 *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } /** * aead_request_set_ad - set associated data information * @req: request handle * @assoclen: number of bytes in associated data * * Setting the AD information. This function sets the length of * the associated data. */ static inline void aead_request_set_ad(struct aead_request *req, unsigned int assoclen) { req->assoclen = assoclen; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_AEAD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H #define _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H /* * Copyright 1995 Linus Torvalds */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> /* for in_interrupt() */ #include <linux/hugetlb_inline.h> struct pagevec; /* * Bits in mapping->flags. */ enum mapping_flags { AS_EIO = 0, /* IO error on async write */ AS_ENOSPC = 1, /* ENOSPC on async write */ AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS = 2, /* under mm_take_all_locks() */ AS_UNEVICTABLE = 3, /* e.g., ramdisk, SHM_LOCK */ AS_EXITING = 4, /* final truncate in progress */ /* writeback related tags are not used */ AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS = 5, AS_THP_SUPPORT = 6, /* THPs supported */ }; /** * mapping_set_error - record a writeback error in the address_space * @mapping: the mapping in which an error should be set * @error: the error to set in the mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * mapping_set_error to record the error in the mapping so that it can be * reported when the application calls fsync(2). */ static inline void mapping_set_error(struct address_space *mapping, int error) { if (likely(!error)) return; /* Record in wb_err for checkers using errseq_t based tracking */ __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, error); /* Record it in superblock */ if (mapping->host) errseq_set(&mapping->host->i_sb->s_wb_err, error); /* Record it in flags for now, for legacy callers */ if (error == -ENOSPC) set_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags); else set_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_set_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping) { set_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_clear_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping) { clear_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags); } static inline bool mapping_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping) { return mapping && test_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_set_exiting(struct address_space *mapping) { set_bit(AS_EXITING, &mapping->flags); } static inline int mapping_exiting(struct address_space *mapping) { return test_bit(AS_EXITING, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_set_no_writeback_tags(struct address_space *mapping) { set_bit(AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS, &mapping->flags); } static inline int mapping_use_writeback_tags(struct address_space *mapping) { return !test_bit(AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS, &mapping->flags); } static inline gfp_t mapping_gfp_mask(struct address_space * mapping) { return mapping->gfp_mask; } /* Restricts the given gfp_mask to what the mapping allows. */ static inline gfp_t mapping_gfp_constraint(struct address_space *mapping, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & gfp_mask; } /* * This is non-atomic. Only to be used before the mapping is activated. * Probably needs a barrier... */ static inline void mapping_set_gfp_mask(struct address_space *m, gfp_t mask) { m->gfp_mask = mask; } static inline bool mapping_thp_support(struct address_space *mapping) { return test_bit(AS_THP_SUPPORT, &mapping->flags); } static inline int filemap_nr_thps(struct address_space *mapping) { #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS return atomic_read(&mapping->nr_thps); #else return 0; #endif } static inline void filemap_nr_thps_inc(struct address_space *mapping) { #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS if (!mapping_thp_support(mapping)) atomic_inc(&mapping->nr_thps); #else WARN_ON_ONCE(1); #endif } static inline void filemap_nr_thps_dec(struct address_space *mapping) { #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS if (!mapping_thp_support(mapping)) atomic_dec(&mapping->nr_thps); #else WARN_ON_ONCE(1); #endif } void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr); /* * speculatively take a reference to a page. * If the page is free (_refcount == 0), then _refcount is untouched, and 0 * is returned. Otherwise, _refcount is incremented by 1 and 1 is returned. * * This function must be called inside the same rcu_read_lock() section as has * been used to lookup the page in the pagecache radix-tree (or page table): * this allows allocators to use a synchronize_rcu() to stabilize _refcount. * * Unless an RCU grace period has passed, the count of all pages coming out * of the allocator must be considered unstable. page_count may return higher * than expected, and put_page must be able to do the right thing when the * page has been finished with, no matter what it is subsequently allocated * for (because put_page is what is used here to drop an invalid speculative * reference). * * This is the interesting part of the lockless pagecache (and lockless * get_user_pages) locking protocol, where the lookup-side (eg. find_get_page) * has the following pattern: * 1. find page in radix tree * 2. conditionally increment refcount * 3. check the page is still in pagecache (if no, goto 1) * * Remove-side that cares about stability of _refcount (eg. reclaim) has the * following (with the i_pages lock held): * A. atomically check refcount is correct and set it to 0 (atomic_cmpxchg) * B. remove page from pagecache * C. free the page * * There are 2 critical interleavings that matter: * - 2 runs before A: in this case, A sees elevated refcount and bails out * - A runs before 2: in this case, 2 sees zero refcount and retries; * subsequently, B will complete and 1 will find no page, causing the * lookup to return NULL. * * It is possible that between 1 and 2, the page is removed then the exact same * page is inserted into the same position in pagecache. That's OK: the * old find_get_page using a lock could equally have run before or after * such a re-insertion, depending on order that locks are granted. * * Lookups racing against pagecache insertion isn't a big problem: either 1 * will find the page or it will not. Likewise, the old find_get_page could run * either before the insertion or afterwards, depending on timing. */ static inline int __page_cache_add_speculative(struct page *page, int count) { #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU # ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT VM_BUG_ON(!in_atomic() && !irqs_disabled()); # endif /* * Preempt must be disabled here - we rely on rcu_read_lock doing * this for us. * * Pagecache won't be truncated from interrupt context, so if we have * found a page in the radix tree here, we have pinned its refcount by * disabling preempt, and hence no need for the "speculative get" that * SMP requires. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) == 0, page); page_ref_add(page, count); #else if (unlikely(!page_ref_add_unless(page, count, 0))) { /* * Either the page has been freed, or will be freed. * In either case, retry here and the caller should * do the right thing (see comments above). */ return 0; } #endif VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline int page_cache_get_speculative(struct page *page) { return __page_cache_add_speculative(page, 1); } static inline int page_cache_add_speculative(struct page *page, int count) { return __page_cache_add_speculative(page, count); } /** * attach_page_private - Attach private data to a page. * @page: Page to attach data to. * @data: Data to attach to page. * * Attaching private data to a page increments the page's reference count. * The data must be detached before the page will be freed. */ static inline void attach_page_private(struct page *page, void *data) { get_page(page); set_page_private(page, (unsigned long)data); SetPagePrivate(page); } /** * detach_page_private - Detach private data from a page. * @page: Page to detach data from. * * Removes the data that was previously attached to the page and decrements * the refcount on the page. * * Return: Data that was attached to the page. */ static inline void *detach_page_private(struct page *page) { void *data = (void *)page_private(page); if (!PagePrivate(page)) return NULL; ClearPagePrivate(page); set_page_private(page, 0); put_page(page); return data; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp); #else static inline struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp) { return alloc_pages(gfp, 0); } #endif static inline struct page *page_cache_alloc(struct address_space *x) { return __page_cache_alloc(mapping_gfp_mask(x)); } static inline gfp_t readahead_gfp_mask(struct address_space *x) { return mapping_gfp_mask(x) | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN; } typedef int filler_t(void *, struct page *); pgoff_t page_cache_next_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan); pgoff_t page_cache_prev_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan); #define FGP_ACCESSED 0x00000001 #define FGP_LOCK 0x00000002 #define FGP_CREAT 0x00000004 #define FGP_WRITE 0x00000008 #define FGP_NOFS 0x00000010 #define FGP_NOWAIT 0x00000020 #define FGP_FOR_MMAP 0x00000040 #define FGP_HEAD 0x00000080 struct page *pagecache_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, int fgp_flags, gfp_t cache_gfp_mask); /** * find_get_page - find and get a page reference * @mapping: the address_space to search * @offset: the page index * * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset. If there is a * page cache page, it is returned with an increased refcount. * * Otherwise, %NULL is returned. */ static inline struct page *find_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, 0, 0); } static inline struct page *find_get_page_flags(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, int fgp_flags) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, fgp_flags, 0); } /** * find_lock_page - locate, pin and lock a pagecache page * @mapping: the address_space to search * @index: the page index * * Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index. If there is a * page cache page, it is returned locked and with an increased * refcount. * * Context: May sleep. * Return: A struct page or %NULL if there is no page in the cache for this * index. */ static inline struct page *find_lock_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK, 0); } /** * find_lock_head - Locate, pin and lock a pagecache page. * @mapping: The address_space to search. * @index: The page index. * * Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index. If there is a * page cache page, its head page is returned locked and with an increased * refcount. * * Context: May sleep. * Return: A struct page which is !PageTail, or %NULL if there is no page * in the cache for this index. */ static inline struct page *find_lock_head(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK | FGP_HEAD, 0); } /** * find_or_create_page - locate or add a pagecache page * @mapping: the page's address_space * @index: the page's index into the mapping * @gfp_mask: page allocation mode * * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset. If there is a * page cache page, it is returned locked and with an increased * refcount. * * If the page is not present, a new page is allocated using @gfp_mask * and added to the page cache and the VM's LRU list. The page is * returned locked and with an increased refcount. * * On memory exhaustion, %NULL is returned. * * find_or_create_page() may sleep, even if @gfp_flags specifies an * atomic allocation! */ static inline struct page *find_or_create_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK|FGP_ACCESSED|FGP_CREAT, gfp_mask); } /** * grab_cache_page_nowait - returns locked page at given index in given cache * @mapping: target address_space * @index: the page index * * Same as grab_cache_page(), but do not wait if the page is unavailable. * This is intended for speculative data generators, where the data can * be regenerated if the page couldn't be grabbed. This routine should * be safe to call while holding the lock for another page. * * Clear __GFP_FS when allocating the page to avoid recursion into the fs * and deadlock against the caller's locked page. */ static inline struct page *grab_cache_page_nowait(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK|FGP_CREAT|FGP_NOFS|FGP_NOWAIT, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } /* Does this page contain this index? */ static inline bool thp_contains(struct page *head, pgoff_t index) { /* HugeTLBfs indexes the page cache in units of hpage_size */ if (PageHuge(head)) return head->index == index; return page_index(head) == (index & ~(thp_nr_pages(head) - 1UL)); } /* * Given the page we found in the page cache, return the page corresponding * to this index in the file */ static inline struct page *find_subpage(struct page *head, pgoff_t index) { /* HugeTLBfs wants the head page regardless */ if (PageHuge(head)) return head; return head + (index & (thp_nr_pages(head) - 1)); } unsigned find_get_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned int nr_entries, struct page **entries, pgoff_t *indices); unsigned find_get_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages); static inline unsigned find_get_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { return find_get_pages_range(mapping, start, (pgoff_t)-1, nr_pages, pages); } unsigned find_get_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages); unsigned find_get_pages_range_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages); static inline unsigned find_get_pages_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { return find_get_pages_range_tag(mapping, index, (pgoff_t)-1, tag, nr_pages, pages); } struct page *grab_cache_page_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned flags); /* * Returns locked page at given index in given cache, creating it if needed. */ static inline struct page *grab_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return find_or_create_page(mapping, index, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } extern struct page * read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, filler_t *filler, void *data); extern struct page * read_cache_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int read_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, filler_t *filler, void *data); static inline struct page *read_mapping_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, void *data) { return read_cache_page(mapping, index, NULL, data); } /* * Get index of the page within radix-tree (but not for hugetlb pages). * (TODO: remove once hugetlb pages will have ->index in PAGE_SIZE) */ static inline pgoff_t page_to_index(struct page *page) { pgoff_t pgoff; if (likely(!PageTransTail(page))) return page->index; /* * We don't initialize ->index for tail pages: calculate based on * head page */ pgoff = compound_head(page)->index; pgoff += page - compound_head(page); return pgoff; } extern pgoff_t hugetlb_basepage_index(struct page *page); /* * Get the offset in PAGE_SIZE (even for hugetlb pages). * (TODO: hugetlb pages should have ->index in PAGE_SIZE) */ static inline pgoff_t page_to_pgoff(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageHuge(page))) return hugetlb_basepage_index(page); return page_to_index(page); } /* * Return byte-offset into filesystem object for page. */ static inline loff_t page_offset(struct page *page) { return ((loff_t)page->index) << PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline loff_t page_file_offset(struct page *page) { return ((loff_t)page_index(page)) << PAGE_SHIFT; } extern pgoff_t linear_hugepage_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); static inline pgoff_t linear_page_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { pgoff_t pgoff; if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) return linear_hugepage_index(vma, address); pgoff = (address - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff += vma->vm_pgoff; return pgoff; } struct wait_page_key { struct page *page; int bit_nr; int page_match; }; struct wait_page_queue { struct page *page; int bit_nr; wait_queue_entry_t wait; }; static inline bool wake_page_match(struct wait_page_queue *wait_page, struct wait_page_key *key) { if (wait_page->page != key->page) return false; key->page_match = 1; if (wait_page->bit_nr != key->bit_nr) return false; return true; } extern void __lock_page(struct page *page); extern int __lock_page_killable(struct page *page); extern int __lock_page_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait); extern int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int flags); extern void unlock_page(struct page *page); /* * Return true if the page was successfully locked */ static inline int trylock_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return (likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(PG_locked, &page->flags))); } /* * lock_page may only be called if we have the page's inode pinned. */ static inline void lock_page(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_page(page)) __lock_page(page); } /* * lock_page_killable is like lock_page but can be interrupted by fatal * signals. It returns 0 if it locked the page and -EINTR if it was * killed while waiting. */ static inline int lock_page_killable(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_page(page)) return __lock_page_killable(page); return 0; } /* * lock_page_async - Lock the page, unless this would block. If the page * is already locked, then queue a callback when the page becomes unlocked. * This callback can then retry the operation. * * Returns 0 if the page is locked successfully, or -EIOCBQUEUED if the page * was already locked and the callback defined in 'wait' was queued. */ static inline int lock_page_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait) { if (!trylock_page(page)) return __lock_page_async(page, wait); return 0; } /* * lock_page_or_retry - Lock the page, unless this would block and the * caller indicated that it can handle a retry. * * Return value and mmap_lock implications depend on flags; see * __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static inline int lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int flags) { might_sleep(); return trylock_page(page) || __lock_page_or_retry(page, mm, flags); } /* * This is exported only for wait_on_page_locked/wait_on_page_writeback, etc., * and should not be used directly. */ extern void wait_on_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr); extern int wait_on_page_bit_killable(struct page *page, int bit_nr); /* * Wait for a page to be unlocked. * * This must be called with the caller "holding" the page, * ie with increased "page->count" so that the page won't * go away during the wait.. */ static inline void wait_on_page_locked(struct page *page) { if (PageLocked(page)) wait_on_page_bit(compound_head(page), PG_locked); } static inline int wait_on_page_locked_killable(struct page *page) { if (!PageLocked(page)) return 0; return wait_on_page_bit_killable(compound_head(page), PG_locked); } extern void put_and_wait_on_page_locked(struct page *page); void wait_on_page_writeback(struct page *page); extern void end_page_writeback(struct page *page); void wait_for_stable_page(struct page *page); void page_endio(struct page *page, bool is_write, int err); /* * Add an arbitrary waiter to a page's wait queue */ extern void add_page_wait_queue(struct page *page, wait_queue_entry_t *waiter); /* * Fault everything in given userspace address range in. */ static inline int fault_in_pages_writeable(char __user *uaddr, int size) { char __user *end = uaddr + size - 1; if (unlikely(size == 0)) return 0; if (unlikely(uaddr > end)) return -EFAULT; /* * Writing zeroes into userspace here is OK, because we know that if * the zero gets there, we'll be overwriting it. */ do { if (unlikely(__put_user(0, uaddr) != 0)) return -EFAULT; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } while (uaddr <= end); /* Check whether the range spilled into the next page. */ if (((unsigned long)uaddr & PAGE_MASK) == ((unsigned long)end & PAGE_MASK)) return __put_user(0, end); return 0; } static inline int fault_in_pages_readable(const char __user *uaddr, int size) { volatile char c; const char __user *end = uaddr + size - 1; if (unlikely(size == 0)) return 0; if (unlikely(uaddr > end)) return -EFAULT; do { if (unlikely(__get_user(c, uaddr) != 0)) return -EFAULT; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } while (uaddr <= end); /* Check whether the range spilled into the next page. */ if (((unsigned long)uaddr & PAGE_MASK) == ((unsigned long)end & PAGE_MASK)) { return __get_user(c, end); } (void)c; return 0; } int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page); extern void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow); int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask); void delete_from_page_cache_batch(struct address_space *mapping, struct pagevec *pvec); /* * Like add_to_page_cache_locked, but used to add newly allocated pages: * the page is new, so we can just run __SetPageLocked() against it. */ static inline int add_to_page_cache(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask) { int error; __SetPageLocked(page); error = add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask); if (unlikely(error)) __ClearPageLocked(page); return error; } /** * struct readahead_control - Describes a readahead request. * * A readahead request is for consecutive pages. Filesystems which * implement the ->readahead method should call readahead_page() or * readahead_page_batch() in a loop and attempt to start I/O against * each page in the request. * * Most of the fields in this struct are private and should be accessed * by the functions below. * * @file: The file, used primarily by network filesystems for authentication. * May be NULL if invoked internally by the filesystem. * @mapping: Readahead this filesystem object. */ struct readahead_control { struct file *file; struct address_space *mapping; /* private: use the readahead_* accessors instead */ pgoff_t _index; unsigned int _nr_pages; unsigned int _batch_count; }; #define DEFINE_READAHEAD(rac, f, m, i) \ struct readahead_control rac = { \ .file = f, \ .mapping = m, \ ._index = i, \ } #define VM_READAHEAD_PAGES (SZ_128K / PAGE_SIZE) void page_cache_ra_unbounded(struct readahead_control *, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_count); void page_cache_sync_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, unsigned long req_count); void page_cache_async_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, struct page *, unsigned long req_count); /** * page_cache_sync_readahead - generic file readahead * @mapping: address_space which holds the pagecache and I/O vectors * @ra: file_ra_state which holds the readahead state * @file: Used by the filesystem for authentication. * @index: Index of first page to be read. * @req_count: Total number of pages being read by the caller. * * page_cache_sync_readahead() should be called when a cache miss happened: * it will submit the read. The readahead logic may decide to piggyback more * pages onto the read request if access patterns suggest it will improve * performance. */ static inline void page_cache_sync_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file_ra_state *ra, struct file *file, pgoff_t index, unsigned long req_count) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); page_cache_sync_ra(&ractl, ra, req_count); } /** * page_cache_async_readahead - file readahead for marked pages * @mapping: address_space which holds the pagecache and I/O vectors * @ra: file_ra_state which holds the readahead state * @file: Used by the filesystem for authentication. * @page: The page at @index which triggered the readahead call. * @index: Index of first page to be read. * @req_count: Total number of pages being read by the caller. * * page_cache_async_readahead() should be called when a page is used which * is marked as PageReadahead; this is a marker to suggest that the application * has used up enough of the readahead window that we should start pulling in * more pages. */ static inline void page_cache_async_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file_ra_state *ra, struct file *file, struct page *page, pgoff_t index, unsigned long req_count) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); page_cache_async_ra(&ractl, ra, page, req_count); } /** * readahead_page - Get the next page to read. * @rac: The current readahead request. * * Context: The page is locked and has an elevated refcount. The caller * should decreases the refcount once the page has been submitted for I/O * and unlock the page once all I/O to that page has completed. * Return: A pointer to the next page, or %NULL if we are done. */ static inline struct page *readahead_page(struct readahead_control *rac) { struct page *page; BUG_ON(rac->_batch_count > rac->_nr_pages); rac->_nr_pages -= rac->_batch_count; rac->_index += rac->_batch_count; if (!rac->_nr_pages) { rac->_batch_count = 0; return NULL; } page = xa_load(&rac->mapping->i_pages, rac->_index); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); rac->_batch_count = thp_nr_pages(page); return page; } static inline unsigned int __readahead_batch(struct readahead_control *rac, struct page **array, unsigned int array_sz) { unsigned int i = 0; XA_STATE(xas, &rac->mapping->i_pages, 0); struct page *page; BUG_ON(rac->_batch_count > rac->_nr_pages); rac->_nr_pages -= rac->_batch_count; rac->_index += rac->_batch_count; rac->_batch_count = 0; xas_set(&xas, rac->_index); rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, page, rac->_index + rac->_nr_pages - 1) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); array[i++] = page; rac->_batch_count += thp_nr_pages(page); /* * The page cache isn't using multi-index entries yet, * so the xas cursor needs to be manually moved to the * next index. This can be removed once the page cache * is converted. */ if (PageHead(page)) xas_set(&xas, rac->_index + rac->_batch_count); if (i == array_sz) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return i; } /** * readahead_page_batch - Get a batch of pages to read. * @rac: The current readahead request. * @array: An array of pointers to struct page. * * Context: The pages are locked and have an elevated refcount. The caller * should decreases the refcount once the page has been submitted for I/O * and unlock the page once all I/O to that page has completed. * Return: The number of pages placed in the array. 0 indicates the request * is complete. */ #define readahead_page_batch(rac, array) \ __readahead_batch(rac, array, ARRAY_SIZE(array)) /** * readahead_pos - The byte offset into the file of this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline loff_t readahead_pos(struct readahead_control *rac) { return (loff_t)rac->_index * PAGE_SIZE; } /** * readahead_length - The number of bytes in this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline loff_t readahead_length(struct readahead_control *rac) { return (loff_t)rac->_nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE; } /** * readahead_index - The index of the first page in this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline pgoff_t readahead_index(struct readahead_control *rac) { return rac->_index; } /** * readahead_count - The number of pages in this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline unsigned int readahead_count(struct readahead_control *rac) { return rac->_nr_pages; } static inline unsigned long dir_pages(struct inode *inode) { return (unsigned long)(inode->i_size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /** * page_mkwrite_check_truncate - check if page was truncated * @page: the page to check * @inode: the inode to check the page against * * Returns the number of bytes in the page up to EOF, * or -EFAULT if the page was truncated. */ static inline int page_mkwrite_check_truncate(struct page *page, struct inode *inode) { loff_t size = i_size_read(inode); pgoff_t index = size >> PAGE_SHIFT; int offset = offset_in_page(size); if (page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) return -EFAULT; /* page is wholly inside EOF */ if (page->index < index) return PAGE_SIZE; /* page is wholly past EOF */ if (page->index > index || !offset) return -EFAULT; /* page is partially inside EOF */ return offset; } /** * i_blocks_per_page - How many blocks fit in this page. * @inode: The inode which contains the blocks. * @page: The page (head page if the page is a THP). * * If the block size is larger than the size of this page, return zero. * * Context: The caller should hold a refcount on the page to prevent it * from being split. * Return: The number of filesystem blocks covered by this page. */ static inline unsigned int i_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page) { return thp_size(page) >> inode->i_blkbits; } #endif /* _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NAMEI_H #define _LINUX_NAMEI_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/errno.h> enum { MAX_NESTED_LINKS = 8 }; #define MAXSYMLINKS 40 /* * Type of the last component on LOOKUP_PARENT */ enum {LAST_NORM, LAST_ROOT, LAST_DOT, LAST_DOTDOT}; /* pathwalk mode */ #define LOOKUP_FOLLOW 0x0001 /* follow links at the end */ #define LOOKUP_DIRECTORY 0x0002 /* require a directory */ #define LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT 0x0004 /* force terminal automount */ #define LOOKUP_EMPTY 0x4000 /* accept empty path [user_... only] */ #define LOOKUP_DOWN 0x8000 /* follow mounts in the starting point */ #define LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT 0x0080 /* follow mounts in the end */ #define LOOKUP_REVAL 0x0020 /* tell ->d_revalidate() to trust no cache */ #define LOOKUP_RCU 0x0040 /* RCU pathwalk mode; semi-internal */ /* These tell filesystem methods that we are dealing with the final component... */ #define LOOKUP_OPEN 0x0100 /* ... in open */ #define LOOKUP_CREATE 0x0200 /* ... in object creation */ #define LOOKUP_EXCL 0x0400 /* ... in exclusive creation */ #define LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET 0x0800 /* ... in destination of rename() */ /* internal use only */ #define LOOKUP_PARENT 0x0010 #define LOOKUP_JUMPED 0x1000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT 0x2000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED 0x0008 /* Scoping flags for lookup. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS 0x010000 /* No symlink crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS 0x020000 /* No nd_jump_link() crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_XDEV 0x040000 /* No mountpoint crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_BENEATH 0x080000 /* No escaping from starting point. */ #define LOOKUP_IN_ROOT 0x100000 /* Treat dirfd as fs root. */ /* LOOKUP_* flags which do scope-related checks based on the dirfd. */ #define LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT) extern int path_pts(struct path *path); extern int user_path_at_empty(int, const char __user *, unsigned, struct path *, int *empty); static inline int user_path_at(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { return user_path_at_empty(dfd, name, flags, path, NULL); } extern int kern_path(const char *, unsigned, struct path *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_create(int, const char *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern struct dentry *user_path_create(int, const char __user *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern void done_path_create(struct path *, struct dentry *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *, struct path *); extern struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern int follow_down_one(struct path *); extern int follow_down(struct path *); extern int follow_up(struct path *); extern struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern void unlock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern int __must_check nd_jump_link(struct path *path); static inline void nd_terminate_link(void *name, size_t len, size_t maxlen) { ((char *) name)[min(len, maxlen)] = '\0'; } /** * retry_estale - determine whether the caller should retry an operation * @error: the error that would currently be returned * @flags: flags being used for next lookup attempt * * Check to see if the error code was -ESTALE, and then determine whether * to retry the call based on whether "flags" already has LOOKUP_REVAL set. * * Returns true if the caller should try the operation again. */ static inline bool retry_estale(const long error, const unsigned int flags) { return error == -ESTALE && !(flags & LOOKUP_REVAL); } #endif /* _LINUX_NAMEI_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * descriptor table internals; you almost certainly want file.h instead. */ #ifndef __LINUX_FDTABLE_H #define __LINUX_FDTABLE_H #include <linux/posix_types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* * The default fd array needs to be at least BITS_PER_LONG, * as this is the granularity returned by copy_fdset(). */ #define NR_OPEN_DEFAULT BITS_PER_LONG #define NR_OPEN_MAX ~0U struct fdtable { unsigned int max_fds; struct file __rcu **fd; /* current fd array */ unsigned long *close_on_exec; unsigned long *open_fds; unsigned long *full_fds_bits; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline bool close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, const struct fdtable *fdt) { return test_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline bool fd_is_open(unsigned int fd, const struct fdtable *fdt) { return test_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); } /* * Open file table structure */ struct files_struct { /* * read mostly part */ atomic_t count; bool resize_in_progress; wait_queue_head_t resize_wait; struct fdtable __rcu *fdt; struct fdtable fdtab; /* * written part on a separate cache line in SMP */ spinlock_t file_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; unsigned int next_fd; unsigned long close_on_exec_init[1]; unsigned long open_fds_init[1]; unsigned long full_fds_bits_init[1]; struct file __rcu * fd_array[NR_OPEN_DEFAULT]; }; struct file_operations; struct vfsmount; struct dentry; #define rcu_dereference_check_fdtable(files, fdtfd) \ rcu_dereference_check((fdtfd), lockdep_is_held(&(files)->file_lock)) #define files_fdtable(files) \ rcu_dereference_check_fdtable((files), (files)->fdt) /* * The caller must ensure that fd table isn't shared or hold rcu or file lock */ static inline struct file *__fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { struct fdtable *fdt = rcu_dereference_raw(files->fdt); if (fd < fdt->max_fds) { fd = array_index_nospec(fd, fdt->max_fds); return rcu_dereference_raw(fdt->fd[fd]); } return NULL; } static inline struct file *fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !lockdep_is_held(&files->file_lock), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); return __fcheck_files(files, fd); } /* * Check whether the specified fd has an open file. */ #define fcheck(fd) fcheck_files(current->files, fd) struct task_struct; struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *); void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *fs); void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *); int unshare_files(struct files_struct **); struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *, unsigned, int *) __latent_entropy; void do_close_on_exec(struct files_struct *); int iterate_fd(struct files_struct *, unsigned, int (*)(const void *, struct file *, unsigned), const void *); extern int __alloc_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned start, unsigned end, unsigned flags); extern void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, struct file *file); extern int __close_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd); extern int __close_range(unsigned int fd, unsigned int max_fd, unsigned int flags); extern int __close_fd_get_file(unsigned int fd, struct file **res); extern int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, unsigned int max_fds, struct files_struct **new_fdp); extern struct kmem_cache *files_cachep; #endif /* __LINUX_FDTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VMSTAT_H #define _LINUX_VMSTAT_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/vm_event_item.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> extern int sysctl_stat_interval; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #define ENABLE_NUMA_STAT 1 #define DISABLE_NUMA_STAT 0 extern int sysctl_vm_numa_stat; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(vm_numa_stat_key); int sysctl_vm_numa_stat_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); #endif struct reclaim_stat { unsigned nr_dirty; unsigned nr_unqueued_dirty; unsigned nr_congested; unsigned nr_writeback; unsigned nr_immediate; unsigned nr_pageout; unsigned nr_activate[ANON_AND_FILE]; unsigned nr_ref_keep; unsigned nr_unmap_fail; unsigned nr_lazyfree_fail; }; enum writeback_stat_item { NR_DIRTY_THRESHOLD, NR_DIRTY_BG_THRESHOLD, NR_VM_WRITEBACK_STAT_ITEMS, }; #ifdef CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS /* * Light weight per cpu counter implementation. * * Counters should only be incremented and no critical kernel component * should rely on the counter values. * * Counters are handled completely inline. On many platforms the code * generated will simply be the increment of a global address. */ struct vm_event_state { unsigned long event[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS]; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct vm_event_state, vm_event_states); /* * vm counters are allowed to be racy. Use raw_cpu_ops to avoid the * local_irq_disable overhead. */ static inline void __count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { raw_cpu_inc(vm_event_states.event[item]); } static inline void count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { this_cpu_inc(vm_event_states.event[item]); } static inline void __count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { raw_cpu_add(vm_event_states.event[item], delta); } static inline void count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { this_cpu_add(vm_event_states.event[item], delta); } extern void all_vm_events(unsigned long *); extern void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu); #else /* Disable counters */ static inline void count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { } static inline void count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { } static inline void __count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { } static inline void __count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { } static inline void all_vm_events(unsigned long *ret) { } static inline void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING #define count_vm_numa_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #define count_vm_numa_events(x, y) count_vm_events(x, y) #else #define count_vm_numa_event(x) do {} while (0) #define count_vm_numa_events(x, y) do { (void)(y); } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_TLBFLUSH #define count_vm_tlb_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #define count_vm_tlb_events(x, y) count_vm_events(x, y) #else #define count_vm_tlb_event(x) do {} while (0) #define count_vm_tlb_events(x, y) do { (void)(y); } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_VMACACHE #define count_vm_vmacache_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #else #define count_vm_vmacache_event(x) do {} while (0) #endif #define __count_zid_vm_events(item, zid, delta) \ __count_vm_events(item##_NORMAL - ZONE_NORMAL + zid, delta) /* * Zone and node-based page accounting with per cpu differentials. */ extern atomic_long_t vm_zone_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; extern atomic_long_t vm_numa_stat[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS]; extern atomic_long_t vm_node_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline void zone_numa_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &zone->vm_numa_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_numa_stat[item]); } static inline unsigned long global_numa_state(enum numa_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_numa_stat[item]); return x; } static inline unsigned long zone_numa_state_snapshot(struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_numa_stat[item]); int cpu; for_each_online_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_numa_stat_diff[item]; return x; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline void zone_page_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void node_page_state_add(long x, struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline unsigned long global_zone_page_state(enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_zone_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long global_node_page_state_pages(enum node_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_node_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long global_node_page_state(enum node_stat_item item) { VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)); return global_node_page_state_pages(item); } static inline unsigned long zone_page_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } /* * More accurate version that also considers the currently pending * deltas. For that we need to loop over all cpus to find the current * deltas. There is no synchronization so the result cannot be * exactly accurate either. */ static inline unsigned long zone_page_state_snapshot(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int cpu; for_each_online_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_stat_diff[item]; if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void __inc_numa_state(struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item); extern unsigned long sum_zone_node_page_state(int node, enum zone_stat_item item); extern unsigned long sum_zone_numa_state(int node, enum numa_stat_item item); extern unsigned long node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item); extern unsigned long node_page_state_pages(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item); #else #define sum_zone_node_page_state(node, item) global_zone_page_state(item) #define node_page_state(node, item) global_node_page_state(item) #define node_page_state_pages(node, item) global_node_page_state_pages(item) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP void __mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item item, long); void __inc_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void __dec_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void __mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item item, long); void __inc_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void __dec_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item, long); void inc_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void dec_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item, long); void inc_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void dec_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); extern void inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); extern void __inc_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); extern void dec_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __dec_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __dec_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); void quiet_vmstat(void); void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu); void refresh_zone_stat_thresholds(void); struct ctl_table; int vmstat_refresh(struct ctl_table *, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); void drain_zonestat(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pageset *); int calculate_pressure_threshold(struct zone *zone); int calculate_normal_threshold(struct zone *zone); void set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pg_data_t *pgdat, int (*calculate_pressure)(struct zone *)); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * We do not maintain differentials in a single processor configuration. * The functions directly modify the zone and global counters. */ static inline void __mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item, long delta) { zone_page_state_add(delta, zone, item); } static inline void __mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item, int delta) { if (vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)) { VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(delta & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); delta >>= PAGE_SHIFT; } node_page_state_add(delta, pgdat, item); } static inline void __inc_zone_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_inc(&zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_inc(&vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void __inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_inc(&pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_inc(&vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline void __dec_zone_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_dec(&zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_dec(&vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void __dec_node_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_dec(&pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_dec(&vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline void __inc_zone_page_state(struct page *page, enum zone_stat_item item) { __inc_zone_state(page_zone(page), item); } static inline void __inc_node_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item item) { __inc_node_state(page_pgdat(page), item); } static inline void __dec_zone_page_state(struct page *page, enum zone_stat_item item) { __dec_zone_state(page_zone(page), item); } static inline void __dec_node_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item item) { __dec_node_state(page_pgdat(page), item); } /* * We only use atomic operations to update counters. So there is no need to * disable interrupts. */ #define inc_zone_page_state __inc_zone_page_state #define dec_zone_page_state __dec_zone_page_state #define mod_zone_page_state __mod_zone_page_state #define inc_node_page_state __inc_node_page_state #define dec_node_page_state __dec_node_page_state #define mod_node_page_state __mod_node_page_state #define inc_zone_state __inc_zone_state #define inc_node_state __inc_node_state #define dec_zone_state __dec_zone_state #define set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pgdat, callback) { } static inline void refresh_zone_stat_thresholds(void) { } static inline void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu) { } static inline void quiet_vmstat(void) { } static inline void drain_zonestat(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pageset *pset) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline void __mod_zone_freepage_state(struct zone *zone, int nr_pages, int migratetype) { __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES, nr_pages); if (is_migrate_cma(migratetype)) __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES, nr_pages); } extern const char * const vmstat_text[]; static inline const char *zone_stat_name(enum zone_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[item]; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline const char *numa_stat_name(enum numa_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline const char *node_stat_name(enum node_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } static inline const char *lru_list_name(enum lru_list lru) { return node_stat_name(NR_LRU_BASE + lru) + 3; // skip "nr_" } static inline const char *writeback_stat_name(enum writeback_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #if defined(CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS) || defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) static inline const char *vm_event_name(enum vm_event_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_WRITEBACK_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #endif /* CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS || CONFIG_MEMCG */ #endif /* _LINUX_VMSTAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_MROUTE_H #define __LINUX_MROUTE_H #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/pim.h> #include <net/fib_rules.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <uapi/linux/mroute.h> #include <linux/mroute_base.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE static inline int ip_mroute_opt(int opt) { return opt >= MRT_BASE && opt <= MRT_MAX; } int ip_mroute_setsockopt(struct sock *, int, sockptr_t, unsigned int); int ip_mroute_getsockopt(struct sock *, int, char __user *, int __user *); int ipmr_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *arg); int ipmr_compat_ioctl(struct sock *sk, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); int ip_mr_init(void); bool ipmr_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule); #else static inline int ip_mroute_setsockopt(struct sock *sock, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen) { return -ENOPROTOOPT; } static inline int ip_mroute_getsockopt(struct sock *sock, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen) { return -ENOPROTOOPT; } static inline int ipmr_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *arg) { return -ENOIOCTLCMD; } static inline int ip_mr_init(void) { return 0; } static inline int ip_mroute_opt(int opt) { return 0; } static inline bool ipmr_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule) { return true; } #endif #define VIFF_STATIC 0x8000 struct mfc_cache_cmp_arg { __be32 mfc_mcastgrp; __be32 mfc_origin; }; /** * struct mfc_cache - multicast routing entries * @_c: Common multicast routing information; has to be first [for casting] * @mfc_mcastgrp: destination multicast group address * @mfc_origin: source address * @cmparg: used for rhashtable comparisons */ struct mfc_cache { struct mr_mfc _c; union { struct { __be32 mfc_mcastgrp; __be32 mfc_origin; }; struct mfc_cache_cmp_arg cmparg; }; }; struct rtmsg; int ipmr_get_route(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, struct rtmsg *rtm, u32 portid); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2018 Christoph Hellwig. * * DMA operations that map physical memory directly without using an IOMMU. */ #ifndef _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #include <linux/dma-direct.h> int dma_direct_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_can_mmap(struct device *dev); int dma_direct_mmap(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_need_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr); int dma_direct_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); size_t dma_direct_max_mapping_size(struct device *dev); #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { } static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_device(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(paddr, size, dir); } static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) { arch_sync_dma_for_cpu(paddr, size, dir); arch_sync_dma_for_cpu_all(); } if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU); if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) arch_dma_mark_clean(paddr, size); } static inline dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = page_to_phys(page) + offset; dma_addr_t dma_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, phys); if (unlikely(swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_FORCE)) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); if (unlikely(!dma_capable(dev, dma_addr, size, true))) { if (swiotlb_force != SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); dev_WARN_ONCE(dev, 1, "DMA addr %pad+%zu overflow (mask %llx, bus limit %llx).\n", &dma_addr, size, *dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev) && !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(phys, size, dir); return dma_addr; } static inline void dma_direct_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(dev, addr, size, dir); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(phys))) swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, phys, size, size, dir, attrs); } #endif /* _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H */
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3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; unsigned long nrexceptional; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct block_device *i_bdev; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /* * Track a single file's readahead state */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; /* where readahead started */ unsigned int size; /* # of readahead pages */ unsigned int async_size; /* do asynchronous readahead when there are only # of pages ahead */ unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */ unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */ loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */ }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; enum rw_hint f_write_hint; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct list_head f_ep_links; struct list_head f_tfile_llink; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **); bool (*lm_breaker_owns_lease)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager { struct list_head list; /* * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period; * NLM doesn't care: */ bool block_opens; }; struct net; void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *); void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *); bool locks_in_grace(struct net *); bool opens_in_grace(struct net *); /* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */ #include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h> /* * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both. * * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish * these two uses? * * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by: * * 1) lock owner * 2) lock range start * 3) lock range end * * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks. */ struct file_lock { struct file_lock *fl_blocker; /* The lock, that is blocking us */ struct list_head fl_list; /* link into file_lock_context */ struct hlist_node fl_link; /* node in global lists */ struct list_head fl_blocked_requests; /* list of requests with * ->fl_blocker pointing here */ struct list_head fl_blocked_member; /* node in * ->fl_blocker->fl_blocked_requests */ fl_owner_t fl_owner; unsigned int fl_flags; unsigned char fl_type; unsigned int fl_pid; int fl_link_cpu; /* what cpu's list is this on? */ wait_queue_head_t fl_wait; struct file *fl_file; loff_t fl_start; loff_t fl_end; struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */ /* for lease breaks: */ unsigned long fl_break_time; unsigned long fl_downgrade_time; const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */ const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */ union { struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl; struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl; struct { struct list_head link; /* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */ int state; /* state of grant or error if -ve */ unsigned int debug_id; } afs; } fl_u; } __randomize_layout; struct file_lock_context { spinlock_t flc_lock; struct list_head flc_flock; struct list_head flc_posix; struct list_head flc_lease; }; /* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */ #ifndef OFFSET_MAX #define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1))) #define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t) #define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(off_t) #endif extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band); #define locks_inode(f) file_inode(f) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); #endif extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg); extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp); /* fs/locks.c */ void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode); void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl); extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *); extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void); extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t); extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *); extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *); extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl); extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl); extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type); extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *time); extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv); extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); struct notifier_block; extern int lease_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern void lease_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *); struct files_struct; extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files); #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #endif static inline int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { return F_UNLCK; } static inline void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { } static inline void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_file(struct file *filp) { return; } static inline void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int vfs_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int vfs_lock_file(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conf) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { return 0; } static inline void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { return; } static inline int generic_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int vfs_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **lease, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { return -EINVAL; } struct files_struct; static inline void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline struct inode *file_inode(const struct file *f) { return f->f_inode; } static inline struct dentry *file_dentry(const struct file *file) { return d_real(file->f_path.dentry, file_inode(file)); } static inline int locks_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return locks_lock_inode_wait(locks_inode(filp), fl); } struct fasync_struct { rwlock_t fa_lock; int magic; int fa_fd; struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */ struct file *fa_file; struct rcu_head fa_rcu; }; #define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 /* SMP safe fasync helpers: */ extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_insert_entry(int, struct file *, struct fasync_struct **, struct fasync_struct *); extern int fasync_remove_entry(struct file *, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_alloc(void); extern void fasync_free(struct fasync_struct *); /* can be called from interrupts */ extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int); extern void __f_setown(struct file *filp, struct pid *, enum pid_type, int force); extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force); extern void f_delown(struct file *filp); extern pid_t f_getown(struct file *filp); extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown); /* * sb->s_flags. Note that these mirror the equivalent MS_* flags where * represented in both. */ #define SB_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */ #define SB_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */ #define SB_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */ #define SB_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */ #define SB_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */ #define SB_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */ #define SB_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define SB_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */ #define SB_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */ #define SB_SILENT 32768 #define SB_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */ #define SB_INLINECRYPT (1<<17) /* Use blk-crypto for encrypted files */ #define SB_KERNMOUNT (1<<22) /* this is a kern_mount call */ #define SB_I_VERSION (1<<23) /* Update inode I_version field */ #define SB_LAZYTIME (1<<25) /* Update the on-disk [acm]times lazily */ /* These sb flags are internal to the kernel */ #define SB_SUBMOUNT (1<<26) #define SB_FORCE (1<<27) #define SB_NOSEC (1<<28) #define SB_BORN (1<<29) #define SB_ACTIVE (1<<30) #define SB_NOUSER (1<<31) /* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */ #define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL (1 << 0) #define sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) \ (sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL) /* * Umount options */ #define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */ #define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */ #define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */ #define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */ #define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */ /* sb->s_iflags */ #define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */ #define SB_I_NOEXEC 0x00000002 /* Ignore executables on this fs */ #define SB_I_NODEV 0x00000004 /* Ignore devices on this fs */ #define SB_I_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ /* sb->s_iflags to limit user namespace mounts */ #define SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE 0x00000010 /* fstype already mounted */ #define SB_I_IMA_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGNATURE 0x00000020 #define SB_I_UNTRUSTED_MOUNTER 0x00000040 #define SB_I_SKIP_SYNC 0x00000100 /* Skip superblock at global sync */ /* Possible states of 'frozen' field */ enum { SB_UNFROZEN = 0, /* FS is unfrozen */ SB_FREEZE_WRITE = 1, /* Writes, dir ops, ioctls frozen */ SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT = 2, /* Page faults stopped as well */ SB_FREEZE_FS = 3, /* For internal FS use (e.g. to stop * internal threads if needed) */ SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE = 4, /* ->freeze_fs finished successfully */ }; #define SB_FREEZE_LEVELS (SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE - 1) struct sb_writers { int frozen; /* Is sb frozen? */ wait_queue_head_t wait_unfrozen; /* for get_super_thawed() */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore rw_sem[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; }; struct super_block { struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */ dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */ unsigned char s_blocksize_bits; unsigned long s_blocksize; loff_t s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */ struct file_system_type *s_type; const struct super_operations *s_op; const struct dquot_operations *dq_op; const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop; const struct export_operations *s_export_op; unsigned long s_flags; unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */ unsigned long s_magic; struct dentry *s_root; struct rw_semaphore s_umount; int s_count; atomic_t s_active; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *s_security; #endif const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop; struct key *s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct unicode_map *s_encoding; __u16 s_encoding_flags; #endif struct hlist_bl_head s_roots; /* alternate root dentries for NFS */ struct list_head s_mounts; /* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */ struct block_device *s_bdev; struct backing_dev_info *s_bdi; struct mtd_info *s_mtd; struct hlist_node s_instances; unsigned int s_quota_types; /* Bitmask of supported quota types */ struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */ struct sb_writers s_writers; /* * Keep s_fs_info, s_time_gran, s_fsnotify_mask, and * s_fsnotify_marks together for cache efficiency. They are frequently * accessed and rarely modified. */ void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */ /* Granularity of c/m/atime in ns (cannot be worse than a second) */ u32 s_time_gran; /* Time limits for c/m/atime in seconds */ time64_t s_time_min; time64_t s_time_max; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 s_fsnotify_mask; struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *s_fsnotify_marks; #endif char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */ uuid_t s_uuid; /* UUID */ unsigned int s_max_links; fmode_t s_mode; /* * The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business * even looking at it. You had been warned. */ struct mutex s_vfs_rename_mutex; /* Kludge */ /* * Filesystem subtype. If non-empty the filesystem type field * in /proc/mounts will be "type.subtype" */ const char *s_subtype; const struct dentry_operations *s_d_op; /* default d_op for dentries */ /* * Saved pool identifier for cleancache (-1 means none) */ int cleancache_poolid; struct shrinker s_shrink; /* per-sb shrinker handle */ /* Number of inodes with nlink == 0 but still referenced */ atomic_long_t s_remove_count; /* Pending fsnotify inode refs */ atomic_long_t s_fsnotify_inode_refs; /* Being remounted read-only */ int s_readonly_remount; /* per-sb errseq_t for reporting writeback errors via syncfs */ errseq_t s_wb_err; /* AIO completions deferred from interrupt context */ struct workqueue_struct *s_dio_done_wq; struct hlist_head s_pins; /* * Owning user namespace and default context in which to * interpret filesystem uids, gids, quotas, device nodes, * xattrs and security labels. */ struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; /* * The list_lru structure is essentially just a pointer to a table * of per-node lru lists, each of which has its own spinlock. * There is no need to put them into separate cachelines. */ struct list_lru s_dentry_lru; struct list_lru s_inode_lru; struct rcu_head rcu; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct mutex s_sync_lock; /* sync serialisation lock */ /* * Indicates how deep in a filesystem stack this SB is */ int s_stack_depth; /* s_inode_list_lock protects s_inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_list_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_wblist_lock; struct list_head s_inodes_wb; /* writeback inodes */ } __randomize_layout; /* Helper functions so that in most cases filesystems will * not need to deal directly with kuid_t and kgid_t and can * instead deal with the raw numeric values that are stored * in the filesystem. */ static inline uid_t i_uid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_uid); } static inline gid_t i_gid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_gid); } static inline void i_uid_write(struct inode *inode, uid_t uid) { inode->i_uid = make_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, uid); } static inline void i_gid_write(struct inode *inode, gid_t gid) { inode->i_gid = make_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, gid); } extern struct timespec64 current_time(struct inode *inode); /* * Snapshotting support. */ /* * These are internal functions, please use sb_start_{write,pagefault,intwrite} * instead. */ static inline void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_up_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } static inline void __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } static inline bool __sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb, int level) { return percpu_down_read_trylock(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } #define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) #define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) /** * sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible waiters * wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_end_pagefault - drop write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of processes handling write page fault to the filesystem. * Wake up possible waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_end_intwrite - drop write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement fs-internal number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible * waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } /** * sb_start_write - get write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process wants to write data or metadata to a file system (i.e. dirty * a page or an inode), it should embed the operation in a sb_start_write() - * sb_end_write() pair to get exclusion against file system freezing. This * function increments number of writers preventing freezing. If the file * system is already frozen, the function waits until the file system is * thawed. * * Since freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. Generally, * freeze protection should be the outermost lock. In particular, we have: * * sb_start_write * -> i_mutex (write path, truncate, directory ops, ...) * -> s_umount (freeze_super, thaw_super) */ static inline void sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } static inline bool sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_start_pagefault - get write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process starts handling write page fault, it should embed the * operation into sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() pair to get * exclusion against file system freezing. This is needed since the page fault * is going to dirty a page. This function increments number of running page * faults preventing freezing. If the file system is already frozen, the * function waits until the file system is thawed. * * Since page fault freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. It is advised to * put sb_start_pagefault() close to mmap_lock in lock ordering. Page fault * handling code implies lock dependency: * * mmap_lock * -> sb_start_pagefault */ static inline void sb_start_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /* * sb_start_intwrite - get write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we write to * * This is the third level of protection against filesystem freezing. It is * free for use by a filesystem. The only requirement is that it must rank * below sb_start_pagefault. * * For example filesystem can call sb_start_intwrite() when starting a * transaction which somewhat eases handling of freezing for internal sources * of filesystem changes (internal fs threads, discarding preallocation on file * close, etc.). */ static inline void sb_start_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } static inline bool sb_start_intwrite_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } extern bool inode_owner_or_capable(const struct inode *inode); /* * VFS helper functions.. */ extern int vfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); extern int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); extern int vfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); extern int vfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); extern int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int vfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **, unsigned int); static inline int vfs_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return vfs_mknod(dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } extern struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *, umode_t, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *); int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group); int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode); int vfs_utimes(const struct path *path, struct timespec64 *times); extern long vfs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern long compat_ptr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif /* * VFS file helper functions. */ extern void inode_init_owner(struct inode *inode, const struct inode *dir, umode_t mode); extern bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path); /* * This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let * the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have. * This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or * to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type. */ struct dir_context; typedef int (*filldir_t)(struct dir_context *, const char *, int, loff_t, u64, unsigned); struct dir_context { filldir_t actor; loff_t pos; }; /* * These flags let !MMU mmap() govern direct device mapping vs immediate * copying more easily for MAP_PRIVATE, especially for ROM filesystems. * * NOMMU_MAP_COPY: Copy can be mapped (MAP_PRIVATE) * NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT: Can be mapped directly (MAP_SHARED) * NOMMU_MAP_READ: Can be mapped for reading * NOMMU_MAP_WRITE: Can be mapped for writing * NOMMU_MAP_EXEC: Can be mapped for execution */ #define NOMMU_MAP_COPY 0x00000001 #define NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT 0x00000008 #define NOMMU_MAP_READ VM_MAYREAD #define NOMMU_MAP_WRITE VM_MAYWRITE #define NOMMU_MAP_EXEC VM_MAYEXEC #define NOMMU_VMFLAGS \ (NOMMU_MAP_READ | NOMMU_MAP_WRITE | NOMMU_MAP_EXEC) /* * These flags control the behavior of the remap_file_range function pointer. * If it is called with len == 0 that means "remap to end of source file". * See Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst for more details about this call. * * REMAP_FILE_DEDUP: only remap if contents identical (i.e. deduplicate) * REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN: caller can handle a shortened request */ #define REMAP_FILE_DEDUP (1 << 0) #define REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN (1 << 1) /* * These flags signal that the caller is ok with altering various aspects of * the behavior of the remap operation. The changes must be made by the * implementation; the vfs remap helper functions can take advantage of them. * Flags in this category exist to preserve the quirky behavior of the hoisted * btrfs clone/dedupe ioctls. */ #define REMAP_FILE_ADVISORY (REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN) struct iov_iter; struct file_operations { struct module *owner; loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*read_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*write_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int (*iopoll)(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool spin); int (*iterate) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); int (*iterate_shared) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); __poll_t (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long mmap_supported_flags; int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*flush) (struct file *, fl_owner_t id); int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*fsync) (struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int datasync); int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int); int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int); unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); int (*check_flags)(int); int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); long (*fallocate)(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); void (*show_fdinfo)(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU unsigned (*mmap_capabilities)(struct file *); #endif ssize_t (*copy_file_range)(struct file *, loff_t, struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); loff_t (*remap_file_range)(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); int (*fadvise)(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); } __randomize_layout; struct inode_operations { struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, unsigned int); const char * (*get_link) (struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); int (*permission) (struct inode *, int); struct posix_acl * (*get_acl)(struct inode *, int); int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int); int (*create) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*symlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,const char *); int (*mkdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t); int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t,dev_t); int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *); int (*getattr) (const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t); int (*fiemap)(struct inode *, struct fiemap_extent_info *, u64 start, u64 len); int (*update_time)(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); int (*atomic_open)(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct file *, unsigned open_flag, umode_t create_mode); int (*tmpfile) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*set_acl)(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline ssize_t call_read_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->read_iter(kio, iter); } static inline ssize_t call_write_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->write_iter(kio, iter); } static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma); } extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_copy_file_range(struct file *, loff_t , struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_copy_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern int generic_remap_file_range_prep(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t *count, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t do_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t vfs_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern int vfs_dedupe_file_range(struct file *file, struct file_dedupe_range *same); extern loff_t vfs_dedupe_file_range_one(struct file *src_file, loff_t src_pos, struct file *dst_file, loff_t dst_pos, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); struct super_operations { struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb); void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *); void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *, int flags); int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*drop_inode) (struct inode *); void (*evict_inode) (struct inode *); void (*put_super) (struct super_block *); int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait); int (*freeze_super) (struct super_block *); int (*freeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*thaw_super) (struct super_block *); int (*unfreeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*statfs) (struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *); void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *); int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_devname)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_stats)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t); ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t); struct dquot **(*get_dquots)(struct inode *); #endif int (*bdev_try_to_free_page)(struct super_block*, struct page*, gfp_t); long (*nr_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); long (*free_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); }; /* * Inode flags - they have no relation to superblock flags now */ #define S_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Writes are synced at once */ #define S_NOATIME (1 << 1) /* Do not update access times */ #define S_APPEND (1 << 2) /* Append-only file */ #define S_IMMUTABLE (1 << 3) /* Immutable file */ #define S_DEAD (1 << 4) /* removed, but still open directory */ #define S_NOQUOTA (1 << 5) /* Inode is not counted to quota */ #define S_DIRSYNC (1 << 6) /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define S_NOCMTIME (1 << 7) /* Do not update file c/mtime */ #define S_SWAPFILE (1 << 8) /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */ #define S_PRIVATE (1 << 9) /* Inode is fs-internal */ #define S_IMA (1 << 10) /* Inode has an associated IMA struct */ #define S_AUTOMOUNT (1 << 11) /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */ #define S_NOSEC (1 << 12) /* no suid or xattr security attributes */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define S_DAX (1 << 13) /* Direct Access, avoiding the page cache */ #else #define S_DAX 0 /* Make all the DAX code disappear */ #endif #define S_ENCRYPTED (1 << 14) /* Encrypted file (using fs/crypto/) */ #define S_CASEFOLD (1 << 15) /* Casefolded file */ #define S_VERITY (1 << 16) /* Verity file (using fs/verity/) */ /* * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system * flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be * possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some * ioctl() that is not currently implemented. * * Exception: SB_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system. * * Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted * with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their * i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount * flags, so these have to be checked separately. -- rmk@arm.uk.linux.org */ #define __IS_FLG(inode, flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg)) static inline bool sb_rdonly(const struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY; } #define IS_RDONLY(inode) sb_rdonly((inode)->i_sb) #define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC)) #define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS|SB_DIRSYNC) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC))) #define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_MANDLOCK) #define IS_NOATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_RDONLY|SB_NOATIME) #define IS_I_VERSION(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_I_VERSION) #define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA) #define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND) #define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE) #define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_POSIXACL) #define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD) #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME) #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE) #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE) #define IS_IMA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMA) #define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT) #define IS_NOSEC(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOSEC) #define IS_DAX(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DAX) #define IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_ENCRYPTED) #define IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_CASEFOLD) #define IS_VERITY(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_VERITY) #define IS_WHITEOUT(inode) (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && \ (inode)->i_rdev == WHITEOUT_DEV) static inline bool HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(struct inode *inode) { return !uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid); } static inline enum rw_hint file_write_hint(struct file *file) { if (file->f_write_hint != WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET) return file->f_write_hint; return file_inode(file)->i_write_hint; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file); static inline u16 ki_hint_validate(enum rw_hint hint) { typeof(((struct kiocb *)0)->ki_hint) max_hint = -1; if (hint <= max_hint) return hint; return 0; } static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = iocb_flags(filp), .ki_hint = ki_hint_validate(file_write_hint(filp)), .ki_ioprio = get_current_ioprio(), }; } static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = kiocb_src->ki_flags, .ki_hint = kiocb_src->ki_hint, .ki_ioprio = kiocb_src->ki_ioprio, .ki_pos = kiocb_src->ki_pos, }; } /* * Inode state bits. Protected by inode->i_lock * * Three bits determine the dirty state of the inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC, * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC and I_DIRTY_PAGES. * * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode. Initially, inodes are I_NEW, * until that flag is cleared. I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at * various stages of removing an inode. * * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_NEW and I_SYNC. * * I_DIRTY_SYNC Inode is dirty, but doesn't have to be written on * fdatasync(). i_atime is the usual cause. * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC Data-related inode changes pending. We keep track of * these changes separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC so that we * don't have to write inode on fdatasync() when only * mtime has changed in it. * I_DIRTY_PAGES Inode has dirty pages. Inode itself may be clean. * I_NEW Serves as both a mutex and completion notification. * New inodes set I_NEW. If two processes both create * the same inode, one of them will release its inode and * wait for I_NEW to be released before returning. * Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can * also cause waiting on I_NEW, without I_NEW actually * being set. find_inode() uses this to prevent returning * nearly-dead inodes. * I_WILL_FREE Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count * is zero. I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is * cleared. * I_FREEING Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty * pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still * dirty. * I_CLEAR Added by clear_inode(). In this state the inode is * clean and can be destroyed. Inode keeps I_FREEING. * * Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are * prohibited for many purposes. iget() must wait for * the inode to be completely released, then create it * anew. Other functions will just ignore such inodes, * if appropriate. I_NEW is used for waiting. * * I_SYNC Writeback of inode is running. The bit is set during * data writeback, and cleared with a wakeup on the bit * address once it is done. The bit is also used to pin * the inode in memory for flusher thread. * * I_REFERENCED Marks the inode as recently references on the LRU list. * * I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit(). * * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell * wb stat updates to grab the i_pages lock. See * inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() for details. * * I_OVL_INUSE Used by overlayfs to get exclusive ownership on upper * and work dirs among overlayfs mounts. * * I_CREATING New object's inode in the middle of setting up. * * I_DONTCACHE Evict inode as soon as it is not used anymore. * * I_SYNC_QUEUED Inode is queued in b_io or b_more_io writeback lists. * Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move * inode between dirty lists. * * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING? */ #define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0) #define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC (1 << 1) #define I_DIRTY_PAGES (1 << 2) #define __I_NEW 3 #define I_NEW (1 << __I_NEW) #define I_WILL_FREE (1 << 4) #define I_FREEING (1 << 5) #define I_CLEAR (1 << 6) #define __I_SYNC 7 #define I_SYNC (1 << __I_SYNC) #define I_REFERENCED (1 << 8) #define __I_DIO_WAKEUP 9 #define I_DIO_WAKEUP (1 << __I_DIO_WAKEUP) #define I_LINKABLE (1 << 10) #define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11) #define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13) #define I_OVL_INUSE (1 << 14) #define I_CREATING (1 << 15) #define I_DONTCACHE (1 << 16) #define I_SYNC_QUEUED (1 << 17) #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES) #define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME) extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int); static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY); } static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC); } extern void inc_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void drop_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void clear_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void set_nlink(struct inode *inode, unsigned int nlink); static inline void inode_inc_link_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } static inline void inode_dec_link_count(struct inode *inode) { drop_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } enum file_time_flags { S_ATIME = 1, S_MTIME = 2, S_CTIME = 4, S_VERSION = 8, }; extern bool atime_needs_update(const struct path *, struct inode *); extern void touch_atime(const struct path *); static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME)) touch_atime(&file->f_path); } extern int file_modified(struct file *file); int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc); int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait); struct file_system_type { const char *name; int fs_flags; #define FS_REQUIRES_DEV 1 #define FS_BINARY_MOUNTDATA 2 #define FS_HAS_SUBTYPE 4 #define FS_USERNS_MOUNT 8 /* Can be mounted by userns root */ #define FS_DISALLOW_NOTIFY_PERM 16 /* Disable fanotify permission events */ #define FS_THP_SUPPORT 8192 /* Remove once all fs converted */ #define FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE 32768 /* FS will handle d_move() during rename() internally. */ int (*init_fs_context)(struct fs_context *); const struct fs_parameter_spec *parameters; struct dentry *(*mount) (struct file_system_type *, int, const char *, void *); void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *); struct module *owner; struct file_system_type * next; struct hlist_head fs_supers; struct lock_class_key s_lock_key; struct lock_class_key s_umount_key; struct lock_class_key s_vfs_rename_key; struct lock_class_key s_writers_key[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; struct lock_class_key i_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_dir_key; }; #define MODULE_ALIAS_FS(NAME) MODULE_ALIAS("fs-" NAME) extern struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *path); void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *sb); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t); struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)); struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data); /* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */ #define fops_get(fops) \ (((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL)) #define fops_put(fops) \ do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0) /* * This one is to be used *ONLY* from ->open() instances. * fops must be non-NULL, pinned down *and* module dependencies * should be sufficient to pin the caller down as well. */ #define replace_fops(f, fops) \ do { \ struct file *__file = (f); \ fops_put(__file->f_op); \ BUG_ON(!(__file->f_op = (fops))); \ } while(0) extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *); extern void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *); extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *); extern long do_mount(const char *, const char __user *, const char *, unsigned long, void *); extern struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *); extern void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *); extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *, struct vfsmount *); extern int vfs_statfs(const struct path *, struct kstatfs *); extern int user_statfs(const char __user *, struct kstatfs *); extern int fd_statfs(int, struct kstatfs *); extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super); extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super); extern bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern __printf(2, 3) int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...); extern int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb); extern int current_umask(void); extern void ihold(struct inode * inode); extern void iput(struct inode *); extern int generic_update_time(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); /* /sys/fs */ extern struct kobject *fs_kobj; #define MAX_RW_COUNT (INT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING extern int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *); extern int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *, struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, unsigned char); /* * Candidates for mandatory locking have the setgid bit set * but no group execute bit - an otherwise meaningless combination. */ static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return (ino->i_mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == S_ISGID; } /* * ... and these candidates should be on SB_MANDLOCK mounted fs, * otherwise these will be advisory locks */ static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return IS_MANDLOCK(ino) && __mandatory_lock(ino); } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { if (mandatory_lock(locks_inode(file))) return locks_mandatory_locked(file); return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *f, loff_t size) { if (!inode->i_flctx || !mandatory_lock(inode)) return 0; if (size < inode->i_size) { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, size, inode->i_size - 1, F_WRLCK); } else { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, inode->i_size, size - 1, F_WRLCK); } } #else /* !CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, unsigned char type) { return 0; } static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, size_t size) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_LEASE); return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_DELEG); return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(inode, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK); if (ret == -EWOULDBLOCK && delegated_inode) { *delegated_inode = inode; ihold(inode); } return ret; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(*delegated_inode, O_WRONLY); iput(*delegated_inode); *delegated_inode = NULL; return ret; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, wait ? O_WRONLY : O_WRONLY | O_NONBLOCK, FL_LAYOUT); return 0; } #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ /* fs/open.c */ struct audit_names; struct filename { const char *name; /* pointer to actual string */ const __user char *uptr; /* original userland pointer */ int refcnt; struct audit_names *aname; const char iname[]; }; static_assert(offsetof(struct filename, iname) % sizeof(long) == 0); extern long vfs_truncate(const struct path *, loff_t); extern int do_truncate(struct dentry *, loff_t start, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp); extern int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); extern struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file * dentry_open(const struct path *, int, const struct cred *); extern struct file * open_with_fake_path(const struct path *, int, struct inode*, const struct cred *); static inline struct file *file_clone_open(struct file *file) { return dentry_open(&file->f_path, file->f_flags, file->f_cred); } extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id); extern struct filename *getname_flags(const char __user *, int, int *); extern struct filename *getname(const char __user *); extern struct filename *getname_kernel(const char *); extern void putname(struct filename *name); extern int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)); extern int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry); /* fs/dcache.c */ extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void); extern void __init vfs_caches_init(void); extern struct kmem_cache *names_cachep; #define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, GFP_KERNEL) #define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name)) extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock; static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLOCK) && sb == blockdev_superblock; } void emergency_thaw_all(void); extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *); extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops; extern const struct file_operations def_chr_fops; /* fs/char_dev.c */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 /* Marks the bottom of the first segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_END 234 /* Marks the top and bottom of the second segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_START 511 #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_END 384 extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *); extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *); extern int __register_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops); extern void __unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name); extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned); extern void chrdev_show(struct seq_file *,off_t); static inline int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops) { return __register_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name, fops); } static inline void unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name) { __unregister_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name); } extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t); /* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */ extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern bool is_bad_inode(struct inode *); unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); void invalidate_mapping_pagevec(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec); static inline void invalidate_remote_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) invalidate_mapping_pages(inode->i_mapping, 0, -1); } extern int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping); extern int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); extern int write_inode_now(struct inode *, int); extern int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_flush(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte); static inline int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode); extern int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err); static inline int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern int __must_check file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __must_check file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file); extern int __must_check file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end); static inline int file_write_and_wait(struct file *file) { return file_write_and_wait_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX); } /** * filemap_set_wb_err - set a writeback error on an address_space * @mapping: mapping in which to set writeback error * @err: error to be set in mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * filemap_set_wb_err to record the error in the mapping so that it will be * automatically reported whenever fsync is called on the file. */ static inline void filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { /* Fastpath for common case of no error */ if (unlikely(err)) __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, err); } /** * filemap_check_wb_err - has an error occurred since the mark was sampled? * @mapping: mapping to check for writeback errors * @since: previously-sampled errseq_t * * Grab the errseq_t value from the mapping, and see if it has changed "since" * the given value was sampled. * * If it has then report the latest error set, otherwise return 0. */ static inline int filemap_check_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, errseq_t since) { return errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, since); } /** * filemap_sample_wb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @mapping: mapping to be sampled * * Writeback errors are always reported relative to a particular sample point * in the past. This function provides those sample points. */ static inline errseq_t filemap_sample_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping) { return errseq_sample(&mapping->wb_err); } /** * file_sample_sb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @file: file pointer to be sampled * * Grab the most current superblock-level errseq_t value for the given * struct file. */ static inline errseq_t file_sample_sb_err(struct file *file) { return errseq_sample(&file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_wb_err); } extern int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync); extern int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags); /* * Sync the bytes written if this was a synchronous write. Expect ki_pos * to already be updated for the write, and will return either the amount * of bytes passed in, or an error if syncing the file failed. */ static inline ssize_t generic_write_sync(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t count) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC) { int ret = vfs_fsync_range(iocb->ki_filp, iocb->ki_pos - count, iocb->ki_pos - 1, (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_SYNC) ? 0 : 1); if (ret) return ret; } return count; } extern void emergency_sync(void); extern void emergency_remount(void); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block); #else static inline int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block) { return -EINVAL; } #endif extern int notify_change(struct dentry *, struct iattr *, struct inode **); extern int inode_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int generic_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); static inline bool execute_ok(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); } static inline bool inode_wrong_type(const struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return (inode->i_mode ^ mode) & S_IFMT; } static inline void file_start_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline bool file_start_write_trylock(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return true; return sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline void file_end_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; __sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /* * get_write_access() gets write permission for a file. * put_write_access() releases this write permission. * This is used for regular files. * We cannot support write (and maybe mmap read-write shared) accesses and * MAP_DENYWRITE mmappings simultaneously. The i_writecount field of an inode * can have the following values: * 0: no writers, no VM_DENYWRITE mappings * < 0: (-i_writecount) vm_area_structs with VM_DENYWRITE set exist * > 0: (i_writecount) users are writing to the file. * * Normally we operate on that counter with atomic_{inc,dec} and it's safe * except for the cases where we don't hold i_writecount yet. Then we need to * use {get,deny}_write_access() - these functions check the sign and refuse * to do the change if sign is wrong. */ static inline int get_write_access(struct inode *inode) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline int deny_write_access(struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode) { atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount); } static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file) { if (file) atomic_inc(&file_inode(file)->i_writecount); } static inline bool inode_is_open_for_write(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) > 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount)); atomic_dec(&inode->i_readcount); } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_readcount); } #else static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { return; } #endif extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int); extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t __kernel_read(struct file *file, void *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos); extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern struct file * open_exec(const char *); /* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */ extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *); extern char *file_path(struct file *, char *, int); #include <linux/err.h> /* needed for stackable file system support */ extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *); extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *); extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *); extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t); extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode); extern int generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode); static inline int generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return !inode->i_nlink || inode_unhashed(inode); } extern void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *ilookup5_nowait(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino); extern struct inode *inode_insert5(struct inode *inode, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern struct inode *find_inode_nowait(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*match)(struct inode *, unsigned long, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *find_inode_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode *find_inode_by_ino_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern int insert_inode_locked4(struct inode *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern int insert_inode_locked(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC extern void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode); #else static inline void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode) { }; #endif extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *); extern void discard_new_inode(struct inode *); extern unsigned int get_next_ino(void); extern void evict_inodes(struct super_block *sb); /* * Userspace may rely on the the inode number being non-zero. For example, glibc * simply ignores files with zero i_ino in unlink() and other places. * * As an additional complication, if userspace was compiled with * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=32 on a 64-bit kernel we'll only end up reading out the * lower 32 bits, so we need to check that those aren't zero explicitly. With * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64, this may cause some harmless false-negatives, but * better safe than sorry. */ static inline bool is_zero_ino(ino_t ino) { return (u32)ino == 0; } extern void __iget(struct inode * inode); extern void iget_failed(struct inode *); extern void clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void __destroy_inode(struct inode *); extern struct inode *new_inode_pseudo(struct super_block *sb); extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void free_inode_nonrcu(struct inode *inode); extern int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *); extern int file_remove_privs(struct file *); extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval); static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { __insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino); } extern void __remove_inode_hash(struct inode *); static inline void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_unhashed(inode) && !hlist_fake(&inode->i_hash)) __remove_inode_hash(inode); } extern void inode_sb_list_add(struct inode *inode); extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern ssize_t generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern int generic_write_check_limits(struct file *file, loff_t pos, loff_t *count); extern int generic_file_rw_checks(struct file *file_in, struct file *file_out); extern ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to, ssize_t already_read); extern ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *, struct iov_iter *, loff_t); ssize_t vfs_iter_read(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iter_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_read(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); /* fs/block_dev.c */ extern ssize_t blkdev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to); extern ssize_t blkdev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from); extern int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern void block_sync_page(struct page *page); /* fs/splice.c */ extern ssize_t generic_file_splice_read(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t iter_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_splice_sendpage(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct file *out, loff_t *, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern long do_splice_direct(struct file *in, loff_t *ppos, struct file *out, loff_t *opos, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping); extern loff_t noop_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_setpos(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek_size(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t maxsize, loff_t eof); extern loff_t fixed_size_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t size); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek_size(struct file *, loff_t, int, loff_t); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int stream_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK typedef void (dio_submit_t)(struct bio *bio, struct inode *inode, loff_t file_offset); enum { /* need locking between buffered and direct access */ DIO_LOCKING = 0x01, /* filesystem does not support filling holes */ DIO_SKIP_HOLES = 0x02, }; ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block, dio_iodone_t end_io, dio_submit_t submit_io, int flags); static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block) { return __blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iter, get_block, NULL, NULL, DIO_LOCKING | DIO_SKIP_HOLES); } #endif void inode_dio_wait(struct inode *inode); /* * inode_dio_begin - signal start of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_begin(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_dio_count); } /* * inode_dio_end - signal finish of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_end(struct inode *inode) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&inode->i_dio_count)) wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_DIO_WAKEUP); } /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure diring a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp); extern void inode_set_flags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask); extern const struct file_operations generic_ro_fops; #define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m)) extern int readlink_copy(char __user *, int, const char *); extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern void page_put_link(void *); extern int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs); extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len); extern const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations; extern void kfree_link(void *); extern void generic_fillattr(struct inode *, struct kstat *); extern int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int vfs_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); void __inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void __inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); static inline loff_t __inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode) { return (((loff_t)inode->i_blocks) << 9) + inode->i_bytes; } loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode); void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations; extern int iterate_dir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int vfs_fstatat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat, int flags); int vfs_fstat(int fd, struct kstat *stat); static inline int vfs_stat(const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, filename, stat, 0); } static inline int vfs_lstat(const char __user *name, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, name, stat, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } extern const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *, struct delayed_call *); extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern struct file_system_type *get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name); extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_thawed(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_exclusive_thawed(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev); extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb); extern void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb); extern void iterate_supers(void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *, void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *); extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *); extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); extern int simple_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int simple_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int simple_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); extern int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)); extern int noop_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int noop_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); extern void noop_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); extern ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *); extern int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page); extern int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int simple_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); extern int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *); extern int simple_nosetlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations; extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations; extern const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations; extern void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); extern bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); struct tree_descr { const char *name; const struct file_operations *ops; int mode; }; struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *); extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, unsigned long, const struct tree_descr *); extern int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); extern ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count); extern int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str); extern int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len, const char *str, const struct qstr *name); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); extern int buffer_migrate_page_norefs(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #else #define buffer_migrate_page NULL #define buffer_migrate_page_norefs NULL #endif extern int setattr_prepare(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset); extern void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr); extern int file_update_time(struct file *file); static inline bool vma_is_dax(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_file && IS_DAX(vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host); } static inline bool vma_is_fsdax(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode; if (!vma->vm_file) return false; if (!vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) return false; /* device-dax */ return true; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file) { int res = 0; if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) res |= IOCB_APPEND; if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) res |= IOCB_DIRECT; if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host)) res |= IOCB_DSYNC; if (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) res |= IOCB_SYNC; return res; } static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags) { int kiocb_flags = 0; /* make sure there's no overlap between RWF and private IOCB flags */ BUILD_BUG_ON((__force int) RWF_SUPPORTED & IOCB_EVENTFD); if (!flags) return 0; if (unlikely(flags & ~RWF_SUPPORTED)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (flags & RWF_NOWAIT) { if (!(ki->ki_filp->f_mode & FMODE_NOWAIT)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kiocb_flags |= IOCB_NOIO; } kiocb_flags |= (__force int) (flags & RWF_SUPPORTED); if (flags & RWF_SYNC) kiocb_flags |= IOCB_DSYNC; ki->ki_flags |= kiocb_flags; return 0; } static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { ino_t res; /* * Don't strictly need d_lock here? If the parent ino could change * then surely we'd have a deeper race in the caller? */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return res; } /* Transaction based IO helpers */ /* * An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the * size of the argument or response, along with its content */ struct simple_transaction_argresp { ssize_t size; char data[]; }; #define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp)) char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n); /* * simple attribute files * * These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs: * * Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be * written to multiple times. * * Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get * read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read * completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened * again. * * All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value * that are accessed with the get() and set() functions. */ #define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \ static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ __simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \ return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \ } \ static const struct file_operations __fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __fops ## _open, \ .release = simple_attr_release, \ .read = simple_attr_read, \ .write = simple_attr_write, \ .llseek = generic_file_llseek, \ } static inline __printf(1, 2) void __simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { /* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */ } int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); struct ctl_table; int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_inodes(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int __init get_filesystem_list(char *buf); #define __FMODE_EXEC ((__force int) FMODE_EXEC) #define __FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force int) FMODE_NONOTIFY) #define ACC_MODE(x) ("\004\002\006\006"[(x)&O_ACCMODE]) #define OPEN_FMODE(flag) ((__force fmode_t)(((flag + 1) & O_ACCMODE) | \ (flag & __FMODE_NONOTIFY))) static inline bool is_sxid(umode_t mode) { return (mode & S_ISUID) || ((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)); } static inline int check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { if (!(dir->i_mode & S_ISVTX)) return 0; return __check_sticky(dir, inode); } static inline void inode_has_no_xattr(struct inode *inode) { if (!is_sxid(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_NOSEC)) inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC; } static inline bool is_root_inode(struct inode *inode) { return inode == inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode; } static inline bool dir_emit(struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, int namelen, u64 ino, unsigned type) { return ctx->actor(ctx, name, namelen, ctx->pos, ino, type) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, ".", 1, ctx->pos, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino, DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dotdot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, "..", 2, ctx->pos, parent_ino(file->f_path.dentry), DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dots(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { if (ctx->pos == 0) { if (!dir_emit_dot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 1; } if (ctx->pos == 1) { if (!dir_emit_dotdot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 2; } return true; } static inline bool dir_relax(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock(inode); inode_lock(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } static inline bool dir_relax_shared(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); inode_lock_shared(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } extern bool path_noexec(const struct path *path); extern void inode_nohighmem(struct inode *inode); /* mm/fadvise.c */ extern int vfs_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); extern int generic_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); int vfs_ioc_setflags_prepare(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags); int vfs_ioc_fssetxattr_check(struct inode *inode, const struct fsxattr *old_fa, struct fsxattr *fa); static inline void simple_fill_fsxattr(struct fsxattr *fa, __u32 xflags) { memset(fa, 0, sizeof(*fa)); fa->fsx_xflags = xflags; } /* * Flush file data before changing attributes. Caller must hold any locks * required to prevent further writes to this file until we're done setting * flags. */ static inline int inode_drain_writes(struct inode *inode) { inode_dio_wait(inode); return filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internal header to deal with irq_desc->status which will be renamed * to irq_desc->settings. */ enum { _IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS = IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS, _IRQ_PER_CPU = IRQ_PER_CPU, _IRQ_LEVEL = IRQ_LEVEL, _IRQ_NOPROBE = IRQ_NOPROBE, _IRQ_NOREQUEST = IRQ_NOREQUEST, _IRQ_NOTHREAD = IRQ_NOTHREAD, _IRQ_NOAUTOEN = IRQ_NOAUTOEN, _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT = IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT, _IRQ_NO_BALANCING = IRQ_NO_BALANCING, _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD = IRQ_NESTED_THREAD, _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID = IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID, _IRQ_IS_POLLED = IRQ_IS_POLLED, _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY = IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY, _IRQ_HIDDEN = IRQ_HIDDEN, _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK = IRQF_MODIFY_MASK, }; #define IRQ_PER_CPU GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NO_BALANCING GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_LEVEL GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOPROBE GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOREQUEST GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOTHREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOAUTOEN GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NESTED_THREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_IS_POLLED GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_HIDDEN GOT_YOU_MORON #undef IRQF_MODIFY_MASK #define IRQF_MODIFY_MASK GOT_YOU_MORON static inline void irq_settings_clr_and_set(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 clr, u32 set) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~(clr & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); desc->status_use_accessors |= (set & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu_devid(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID; } static inline void irq_settings_set_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline void irq_settings_set_no_balancing(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline bool irq_settings_has_no_balance_set(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline u32 irq_settings_get_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline void irq_settings_set_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 mask) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; desc->status_use_accessors |= mask & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_set_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_request(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOREQUEST); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline void irq_settings_set_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOTHREAD); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline void irq_settings_set_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_probe(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOPROBE); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline void irq_settings_set_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_move_pcntxt(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_autoenable(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOAUTOEN); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_nested_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_polled(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_IS_POLLED; } static inline bool irq_settings_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_hidden(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_HIDDEN; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/pm_qos.h> static inline void device_pm_init_common(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.early_init) { spin_lock_init(&dev->power.lock); dev->power.qos = NULL; dev->power.early_init = true; } } #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline void pm_runtime_early_init(struct device *dev) { dev->power.disable_depth = 1; device_pm_init_common(dev); } extern void pm_runtime_init(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_reinit(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *dev); extern u64 pm_runtime_active_time(struct device *dev); #define WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_ALLOCATED BIT(0) #define WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_MANAGED BIT(1) #define WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_MASK (WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_ALLOCATED | \ WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_MANAGED) struct wake_irq { struct device *dev; unsigned int status; int irq; const char *name; }; extern void dev_pm_arm_wake_irq(struct wake_irq *wirq); extern void dev_pm_disarm_wake_irq(struct wake_irq *wirq); extern void dev_pm_enable_wake_irq_check(struct device *dev, bool can_change_status); extern void dev_pm_disable_wake_irq_check(struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP extern void device_wakeup_attach_irq(struct device *dev, struct wake_irq *wakeirq); extern void device_wakeup_detach_irq(struct device *dev); extern void device_wakeup_arm_wake_irqs(void); extern void device_wakeup_disarm_wake_irqs(void); #else static inline void device_wakeup_attach_irq(struct device *dev, struct wake_irq *wakeirq) {} static inline void device_wakeup_detach_irq(struct device *dev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ /* * sysfs.c */ extern int dpm_sysfs_add(struct device *dev); extern void dpm_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev); extern void rpm_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev); extern int wakeup_sysfs_add(struct device *dev); extern void wakeup_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev); extern int pm_qos_sysfs_add_resume_latency(struct device *dev); extern void pm_qos_sysfs_remove_resume_latency(struct device *dev); extern int pm_qos_sysfs_add_flags(struct device *dev); extern void pm_qos_sysfs_remove_flags(struct device *dev); extern int pm_qos_sysfs_add_latency_tolerance(struct device *dev); extern void pm_qos_sysfs_remove_latency_tolerance(struct device *dev); extern int dpm_sysfs_change_owner(struct device *dev, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); #else /* CONFIG_PM */ static inline void pm_runtime_early_init(struct device *dev) { device_pm_init_common(dev); } static inline void pm_runtime_init(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_reinit(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *dev) {} static inline int dpm_sysfs_add(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void dpm_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev) {} static inline int dpm_sysfs_change_owner(struct device *dev, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP /* kernel/power/main.c */ extern int pm_async_enabled; /* drivers/base/power/main.c */ extern struct list_head dpm_list; /* The active device list */ static inline struct device *to_device(struct list_head *entry) { return container_of(entry, struct device, power.entry); } extern void device_pm_sleep_init(struct device *dev); extern void device_pm_add(struct device *); extern void device_pm_remove(struct device *); extern void device_pm_move_before(struct device *, struct device *); extern void device_pm_move_after(struct device *, struct device *); extern void device_pm_move_last(struct device *); extern void device_pm_check_callbacks(struct device *dev); static inline bool device_pm_initialized(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.in_dpm_list; } /* drivers/base/power/wakeup_stats.c */ extern int wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent, struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_sysfs_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int pm_wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent); #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void device_pm_sleep_init(struct device *dev) {} static inline void device_pm_add(struct device *dev) {} static inline void device_pm_remove(struct device *dev) { pm_runtime_remove(dev); } static inline void device_pm_move_before(struct device *deva, struct device *devb) {} static inline void device_pm_move_after(struct device *deva, struct device *devb) {} static inline void device_pm_move_last(struct device *dev) {} static inline void device_pm_check_callbacks(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool device_pm_initialized(struct device *dev) { return device_is_registered(dev); } static inline int pm_wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent) { return 0; } #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void device_pm_init(struct device *dev) { device_pm_init_common(dev); device_pm_sleep_init(dev); pm_runtime_init(dev); }
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
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7416 7417 7418 7419 7420 7421 7422 7423 7424 7425 7426 7427 7428 7429 7430 7431 7432 7433 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * NSA Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux) security module * * This file contains the SELinux hook function implementations. * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * Chris Vance, <cvance@nai.com> * Wayne Salamon, <wsalamon@nai.com> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Copyright (C) 2001,2002 Networks Associates Technology, Inc. * Copyright (C) 2003-2008 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> * Copyright (C) 2004-2005 Trusted Computer Solutions, Inc. * <dgoeddel@trustedcs.com> * Copyright (C) 2006, 2007, 2009 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. * Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> * Copyright (C) 2007 Hitachi Software Engineering Co., Ltd. * Yuichi Nakamura <ynakam@hitachisoft.jp> * Copyright (C) 2016 Mellanox Technologies */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kd.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kernel_read_file.h> #include <linux/tracehook.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/lsm_hooks.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv6.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <net/icmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> /* for local_port_range[] */ #include <net/tcp.h> /* struct or_callable used in sock_rcv_skb */ #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/netlabel.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/ioctls.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> /* for network interface checks */ #include <net/netlink.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/udp.h> #include <linux/dccp.h> #include <linux/sctp.h> #include <net/sctp/structs.h> #include <linux/quota.h> #include <linux/un.h> /* for Unix socket types */ #include <net/af_unix.h> /* for Unix socket types */ #include <linux/parser.h> #include <linux/nfs_mount.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/syslog.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/msg.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/bpf.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/stringhash.h> /* for hashlen_string() */ #include <uapi/linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/fanotify.h> #include "avc.h" #include "objsec.h" #include "netif.h" #include "netnode.h" #include "netport.h" #include "ibpkey.h" #include "xfrm.h" #include "netlabel.h" #include "audit.h" #include "avc_ss.h" struct selinux_state selinux_state; /* SECMARK reference count */ static atomic_t selinux_secmark_refcount = ATOMIC_INIT(0); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DEVELOP static int selinux_enforcing_boot __initdata; static int __init enforcing_setup(char *str) { unsigned long enforcing; if (!kstrtoul(str, 0, &enforcing)) selinux_enforcing_boot = enforcing ? 1 : 0; return 1; } __setup("enforcing=", enforcing_setup); #else #define selinux_enforcing_boot 1 #endif int selinux_enabled_boot __initdata = 1; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_BOOTPARAM static int __init selinux_enabled_setup(char *str) { unsigned long enabled; if (!kstrtoul(str, 0, &enabled)) selinux_enabled_boot = enabled ? 1 : 0; return 1; } __setup("selinux=", selinux_enabled_setup); #endif static unsigned int selinux_checkreqprot_boot = CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_CHECKREQPROT_VALUE; static int __init checkreqprot_setup(char *str) { unsigned long checkreqprot; if (!kstrtoul(str, 0, &checkreqprot)) { selinux_checkreqprot_boot = checkreqprot ? 1 : 0; if (checkreqprot) pr_warn("SELinux: checkreqprot set to 1 via kernel parameter. This is deprecated and will be rejected in a future kernel release.\n"); } return 1; } __setup("checkreqprot=", checkreqprot_setup); /** * selinux_secmark_enabled - Check to see if SECMARK is currently enabled * * Description: * This function checks the SECMARK reference counter to see if any SECMARK * targets are currently configured, if the reference counter is greater than * zero SECMARK is considered to be enabled. Returns true (1) if SECMARK is * enabled, false (0) if SECMARK is disabled. If the always_check_network * policy capability is enabled, SECMARK is always considered enabled. * */ static int selinux_secmark_enabled(void) { return (selinux_policycap_alwaysnetwork() || atomic_read(&selinux_secmark_refcount)); } /** * selinux_peerlbl_enabled - Check to see if peer labeling is currently enabled * * Description: * This function checks if NetLabel or labeled IPSEC is enabled. Returns true * (1) if any are enabled or false (0) if neither are enabled. If the * always_check_network policy capability is enabled, peer labeling * is always considered enabled. * */ static int selinux_peerlbl_enabled(void) { return (selinux_policycap_alwaysnetwork() || netlbl_enabled() || selinux_xfrm_enabled()); } static int selinux_netcache_avc_callback(u32 event) { if (event == AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { sel_netif_flush(); sel_netnode_flush(); sel_netport_flush(); synchronize_net(); } return 0; } static int selinux_lsm_notifier_avc_callback(u32 event) { if (event == AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { sel_ib_pkey_flush(); call_blocking_lsm_notifier(LSM_POLICY_CHANGE, NULL); } return 0; } /* * initialise the security for the init task */ static void cred_init_security(void) { struct cred *cred = (struct cred *) current->real_cred; struct task_security_struct *tsec; tsec = selinux_cred(cred); tsec->osid = tsec->sid = SECINITSID_KERNEL; } /* * get the security ID of a set of credentials */ static inline u32 cred_sid(const struct cred *cred) { const struct task_security_struct *tsec; tsec = selinux_cred(cred); return tsec->sid; } /* * get the objective security ID of a task */ static inline u32 task_sid(const struct task_struct *task) { u32 sid; rcu_read_lock(); sid = cred_sid(__task_cred(task)); rcu_read_unlock(); return sid; } static int inode_doinit_with_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *opt_dentry); /* * Try reloading inode security labels that have been marked as invalid. The * @may_sleep parameter indicates when sleeping and thus reloading labels is * allowed; when set to false, returns -ECHILD when the label is * invalid. The @dentry parameter should be set to a dentry of the inode. */ static int __inode_security_revalidate(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry, bool may_sleep) { struct inode_security_struct *isec = selinux_inode(inode); might_sleep_if(may_sleep); if (selinux_initialized(&selinux_state) && isec->initialized != LABEL_INITIALIZED) { if (!may_sleep) return -ECHILD; /* * Try reloading the inode security label. This will fail if * @opt_dentry is NULL and no dentry for this inode can be * found; in that case, continue using the old label. */ inode_doinit_with_dentry(inode, dentry); } return 0; } static struct inode_security_struct *inode_security_novalidate(struct inode *inode) { return selinux_inode(inode); } static struct inode_security_struct *inode_security_rcu(struct inode *inode, bool rcu) { int error; error = __inode_security_revalidate(inode, NULL, !rcu); if (error) return ERR_PTR(error); return selinux_inode(inode); } /* * Get the security label of an inode. */ static struct inode_security_struct *inode_security(struct inode *inode) { __inode_security_revalidate(inode, NULL, true); return selinux_inode(inode); } static struct inode_security_struct *backing_inode_security_novalidate(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); return selinux_inode(inode); } /* * Get the security label of a dentry's backing inode. */ static struct inode_security_struct *backing_inode_security(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); __inode_security_revalidate(inode, dentry, true); return selinux_inode(inode); } static void inode_free_security(struct inode *inode) { struct inode_security_struct *isec = selinux_inode(inode); struct superblock_security_struct *sbsec; if (!isec) return; sbsec = inode->i_sb->s_security; /* * As not all inode security structures are in a list, we check for * empty list outside of the lock to make sure that we won't waste * time taking a lock doing nothing. * * The list_del_init() function can be safely called more than once. * It should not be possible for this function to be called with * concurrent list_add(), but for better safety against future changes * in the code, we use list_empty_careful() here. */ if (!list_empty_careful(&isec->list)) { spin_lock(&sbsec->isec_lock); list_del_init(&isec->list); spin_unlock(&sbsec->isec_lock); } } static void superblock_free_security(struct super_block *sb) { struct superblock_security_struct *sbsec = sb->s_security; sb->s_security = NULL; kfree(sbsec); } struct selinux_mnt_opts { const char *fscontext, *context, *rootcontext, *defcontext; }; static void selinux_free_mnt_opts(void *mnt_opts) { struct selinux_mnt_opts *opts = mnt_opts; kfree(opts->fscontext); kfree(opts->context); kfree(opts->rootcontext); kfree(opts->defcontext); kfree(opts); } enum { Opt_error = -1, Opt_context = 0, Opt_defcontext = 1, Opt_fscontext = 2, Opt_rootcontext = 3, Opt_seclabel = 4, }; #define A(s, has_arg) {#s, sizeof(#s) - 1, Opt_##s, has_arg} s