15 3 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_PREEMPT_H #define __ASM_PREEMPT_H #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, __preempt_count); /* We use the MSB mostly because its available */ #define PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED 0x80000000 /* * We use the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit as an inverted NEED_RESCHED such * that a decrement hitting 0 means we can and should reschedule. */ #define PREEMPT_ENABLED (0 + PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) /* * We mask the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit so as not to confuse all current users * that think a non-zero value indicates we cannot preempt. */ static __always_inline int preempt_count(void) { return raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED; } static __always_inline void preempt_count_set(int pc) { int old, new; do { old = raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count); new = (old & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) | (pc & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } while (raw_cpu_cmpxchg_4(__preempt_count, old, new) != old); } /* * must be macros to avoid header recursion hell */ #define init_task_preempt_count(p) do { } while (0) #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu) do { \ per_cpu(__preempt_count, (cpu)) = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \ } while (0) /* * We fold the NEED_RESCHED bit into the preempt count such that * preempt_enable() can decrement and test for needing to reschedule with a * single instruction. * * We invert the actual bit, so that when the decrement hits 0 we know we both * need to resched (the bit is cleared) and can resched (no preempt count). */ static __always_inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_and_4(__preempt_count, ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline void clear_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_or_4(__preempt_count, PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline bool test_preempt_need_resched(void) { return !(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } /* * The various preempt_count add/sub methods */ static __always_inline void __preempt_count_add(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, val); } static __always_inline void __preempt_count_sub(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, -val); } /* * Because we keep PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED set when we do _not_ need to reschedule * a decrement which hits zero means we have no preempt_count and should * reschedule. */ static __always_inline bool __preempt_count_dec_and_test(void) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc("decl", __preempt_count, e, __percpu_arg([var])); } /* * Returns true when we need to resched and can (barring IRQ state). */ static __always_inline bool should_resched(int preempt_offset) { return unlikely(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) == preempt_offset); } #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule(void); extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule_notrace() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace(void); #endif #endif /* __ASM_PREEMPT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __IEEE802154_CORE_H #define __IEEE802154_CORE_H #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct cfg802154_registered_device { const struct cfg802154_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* wpan_phy index, internal only */ int wpan_phy_idx; /* also protected by devlist_mtx */ int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; /* associated wpan interfaces, protected by rtnl or RCU */ struct list_head wpan_dev_list; int devlist_generation, wpan_dev_id; /* must be last because of the way we do wpan_phy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wpan_phy wpan_phy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg802154_registered_device * wpan_phy_to_rdev(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy) { BUG_ON(!wpan_phy); return container_of(wpan_phy, struct cfg802154_registered_device, wpan_phy); } extern struct list_head cfg802154_rdev_list; extern int cfg802154_rdev_list_generation; int cfg802154_switch_netns(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); /* free object */ void cfg802154_dev_free(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev); struct cfg802154_registered_device * cfg802154_rdev_by_wpan_phy_idx(int wpan_phy_idx); struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy_idx_to_wpan_phy(int wpan_phy_idx); #endif /* __IEEE802154_CORE_H */
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6153 6154 6155 6156 6157 6158 6159 6160 6161 6162 6163 6164 6165 6166 6167 6168 6169 6170 6171 6172 6173 6174 6175 6176 6177 6178 6179 6180 6181 6182 6183 6184 6185 6186 6187 6188 6189 6190 6191 6192 6193 6194 6195 6196 6197 6198 6199 6200 6201 6202 6203 6204 6205 6206 6207 6208 6209 6210 6211 6212 6213 6214 6215 6216 6217 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/inode.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/fs/minix/inode.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * 64-bit file support on 64-bit platforms by Jakub Jelinek * (jj@sunsite.ms.mff.cuni.cz) * * Assorted race fixes, rewrite of ext4_get_block() by Al Viro, 2000 */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/mpage.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/iomap.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include "truncate.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> static __u32 ext4_inode_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 csum; __u16 dummy_csum = 0; int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_inode, i_checksum_lo); unsigned int csum_size = sizeof(dummy_csum); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)raw, offset); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, csum_size); offset += csum_size; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)raw + offset, EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE - offset); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) { offset = offsetof(struct ext4_inode, i_checksum_hi); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)raw + EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE, offset - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE); if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw, ei, i_checksum_hi)) { csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, csum_size); offset += csum_size; } csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)raw + offset, EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - offset); } return csum; } static int ext4_inode_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { __u32 provided, calculated; if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es->s_creator_os != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_OS_LINUX) || !ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; provided = le16_to_cpu(raw->i_checksum_lo); calculated = ext4_inode_csum(inode, raw, ei); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE && EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw, ei, i_checksum_hi)) provided |= ((__u32)le16_to_cpu(raw->i_checksum_hi)) << 16; else calculated &= 0xFFFF; return provided == calculated; } void ext4_inode_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { __u32 csum; if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es->s_creator_os != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_OS_LINUX) || !ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; csum = ext4_inode_csum(inode, raw, ei); raw->i_checksum_lo = cpu_to_le16(csum & 0xFFFF); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE && EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw, ei, i_checksum_hi)) raw->i_checksum_hi = cpu_to_le16(csum >> 16); } static inline int ext4_begin_ordered_truncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t new_size) { trace_ext4_begin_ordered_truncate(inode, new_size); /* * If jinode is zero, then we never opened the file for * writing, so there's no need to call * jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate() since there's no * outstanding writes we need to flush. */ if (!EXT4_I(inode)->jinode) return 0; return jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode), EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, new_size); } static void ext4_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); static int __ext4_journalled_writepage(struct page *page, unsigned int len); static int ext4_bh_delay_or_unwritten(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); static int ext4_meta_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int lblocks, int pextents); /* * Test whether an inode is a fast symlink. * A fast symlink has its symlink data stored in ext4_inode_info->i_data. */ int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode) { if (!(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) { int ea_blocks = EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl ? EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(inode->i_sb) >> 9 : 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return 0; return (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_blocks - ea_blocks == 0); } return S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_size && (inode->i_size < EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4); } /* * Called at the last iput() if i_nlink is zero. */ void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *inode) { handle_t *handle; int err; /* * Credits for final inode cleanup and freeing: * sb + inode (ext4_orphan_del()), block bitmap, group descriptor * (xattr block freeing), bitmap, group descriptor (inode freeing) */ int extra_credits = 6; struct ext4_xattr_inode_array *ea_inode_array = NULL; bool freeze_protected = false; trace_ext4_evict_inode(inode); if (inode->i_nlink) { /* * When journalling data dirty buffers are tracked only in the * journal. So although mm thinks everything is clean and * ready for reaping the inode might still have some pages to * write in the running transaction or waiting to be * checkpointed. Thus calling jbd2_journal_invalidatepage() * (via truncate_inode_pages()) to discard these buffers can * cause data loss. Also even if we did not discard these * buffers, we would have no way to find them after the inode * is reaped and thus user could see stale data if he tries to * read them before the transaction is checkpointed. So be * careful and force everything to disk here... We use * ei->i_datasync_tid to store the newest transaction * containing inode's data. * * Note that directories do not have this problem because they * don't use page cache. */ if (inode->i_ino != EXT4_JOURNAL_INO && ext4_should_journal_data(inode) && (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) || S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) && inode->i_data.nrpages) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal; tid_t commit_tid = EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid; jbd2_complete_transaction(journal, commit_tid); filemap_write_and_wait(&inode->i_data); } truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data); goto no_delete; } if (is_bad_inode(inode)) goto no_delete; dquot_initialize(inode); if (ext4_should_order_data(inode)) ext4_begin_ordered_truncate(inode, 0); truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data); /* * For inodes with journalled data, transaction commit could have * dirtied the inode. Flush worker is ignoring it because of I_FREEING * flag but we still need to remove the inode from the writeback lists. */ if (!list_empty_careful(&inode->i_io_list)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!ext4_should_journal_data(inode)); inode_io_list_del(inode); } /* * Protect us against freezing - iput() caller didn't have to have any * protection against it. When we are in a running transaction though, * we are already protected against freezing and we cannot grab further * protection due to lock ordering constraints. */ if (!ext4_journal_current_handle()) { sb_start_intwrite(inode->i_sb); freeze_protected = true; } if (!IS_NOQUOTA(inode)) extra_credits += EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_DEL_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); /* * Block bitmap, group descriptor, and inode are accounted in both * ext4_blocks_for_truncate() and extra_credits. So subtract 3. */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode) + extra_credits - 3); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, PTR_ERR(handle)); /* * If we're going to skip the normal cleanup, we still need to * make sure that the in-core orphan linked list is properly * cleaned up. */ ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); if (freeze_protected) sb_end_intwrite(inode->i_sb); goto no_delete; } if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); /* * Set inode->i_size to 0 before calling ext4_truncate(). We need * special handling of symlinks here because i_size is used to * determine whether ext4_inode_info->i_data contains symlink data or * block mappings. Setting i_size to 0 will remove its fast symlink * status. Erase i_data so that it becomes a valid empty block map. */ if (ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(inode)) memset(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, 0, sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data)); inode->i_size = 0; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "couldn't mark inode dirty (err %d)", err); goto stop_handle; } if (inode->i_blocks) { err = ext4_truncate(inode); if (err) { ext4_error_err(inode->i_sb, -err, "couldn't truncate inode %lu (err %d)", inode->i_ino, err); goto stop_handle; } } /* Remove xattr references. */ err = ext4_xattr_delete_inode(handle, inode, &ea_inode_array, extra_credits); if (err) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "xattr delete (err %d)", err); stop_handle: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); if (freeze_protected) sb_end_intwrite(inode->i_sb); ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(ea_inode_array); goto no_delete; } /* * Kill off the orphan record which ext4_truncate created. * AKPM: I think this can be inside the above `if'. * Note that ext4_orphan_del() has to be able to cope with the * deletion of a non-existent orphan - this is because we don't * know if ext4_truncate() actually created an orphan record. * (Well, we could do this if we need to, but heck - it works) */ ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime = (__u32)ktime_get_real_seconds(); /* * One subtle ordering requirement: if anything has gone wrong * (transaction abort, IO errors, whatever), then we can still * do these next steps (the fs will already have been marked as * having errors), but we can't free the inode if the mark_dirty * fails. */ if (ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode)) /* If that failed, just do the required in-core inode clear. */ ext4_clear_inode(inode); else ext4_free_inode(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (freeze_protected) sb_end_intwrite(inode->i_sb); ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(ea_inode_array); return; no_delete: if (!list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list)) ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_NOMEM); ext4_clear_inode(inode); /* We must guarantee clearing of inode... */ } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode) { return &EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_quota; } #endif /* * Called with i_data_sem down, which is important since we can call * ext4_discard_preallocations() from here. */ void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode, int used, int quota_claim) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); spin_lock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); trace_ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, used, quota_claim); if (unlikely(used > ei->i_reserved_data_blocks)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "%s: ino %lu, used %d " "with only %d reserved data blocks", __func__, inode->i_ino, used, ei->i_reserved_data_blocks); WARN_ON(1); used = ei->i_reserved_data_blocks; } /* Update per-inode reservations */ ei->i_reserved_data_blocks -= used; percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, used); spin_unlock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock); /* Update quota subsystem for data blocks */ if (quota_claim) dquot_claim_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, used)); else { /* * We did fallocate with an offset that is already delayed * allocated. So on delayed allocated writeback we should * not re-claim the quota for fallocated blocks. */ dquot_release_reservation_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, used)); } /* * If we have done all the pending block allocations and if * there aren't any writers on the inode, we can discard the * inode's preallocations. */ if ((ei->i_reserved_data_blocks == 0) && !inode_is_open_for_write(inode)) ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); } static int __check_block_validity(struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line, struct ext4_map_blocks *map) { if (ext4_has_feature_journal(inode->i_sb) && (inode->i_ino == le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es->s_journal_inum))) return 0; if (!ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, map->m_pblk, map->m_len)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, map->m_pblk, "lblock %lu mapped to illegal pblock %llu " "(length %d)", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk, map->m_pblk, map->m_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } return 0; } int ext4_issue_zeroout(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t len) { int ret; if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return fscrypt_zeroout_range(inode, lblk, pblk, len); ret = sb_issue_zeroout(inode->i_sb, pblk, len, GFP_NOFS); if (ret > 0) ret = 0; return ret; } #define check_block_validity(inode, map) \ __check_block_validity((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (map)) #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST static void ext4_map_blocks_es_recheck(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *es_map, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags) { int retval; map->m_flags = 0; /* * There is a race window that the result is not the same. * e.g. xfstests #223 when dioread_nolock enables. The reason * is that we lookup a block mapping in extent status tree with * out taking i_data_sem. So at the time the unwritten extent * could be converted. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } else { retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } up_read((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); /* * We don't check m_len because extent will be collpased in status * tree. So the m_len might not equal. */ if (es_map->m_lblk != map->m_lblk || es_map->m_flags != map->m_flags || es_map->m_pblk != map->m_pblk) { printk("ES cache assertion failed for inode: %lu " "es_cached ex [%d/%d/%llu/%x] != " "found ex [%d/%d/%llu/%x] retval %d flags %x\n", inode->i_ino, es_map->m_lblk, es_map->m_len, es_map->m_pblk, es_map->m_flags, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, map->m_flags, retval, flags); } } #endif /* ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST */ /* * The ext4_map_blocks() function tries to look up the requested blocks, * and returns if the blocks are already mapped. * * Otherwise it takes the write lock of the i_data_sem and allocate blocks * and store the allocated blocks in the result buffer head and mark it * mapped. * * If file type is extents based, it will call ext4_ext_map_blocks(), * Otherwise, call with ext4_ind_map_blocks() to handle indirect mapping * based files * * On success, it returns the number of blocks being mapped or allocated. if * create==0 and the blocks are pre-allocated and unwritten, the resulting @map * is marked as unwritten. If the create == 1, it will mark @map as mapped. * * It returns 0 if plain look up failed (blocks have not been allocated), in * that case, @map is returned as unmapped but we still do fill map->m_len to * indicate the length of a hole starting at map->m_lblk. * * It returns the error in case of allocation failure. */ int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags) { struct extent_status es; int retval; int ret = 0; #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST struct ext4_map_blocks orig_map; memcpy(&orig_map, map, sizeof(*map)); #endif map->m_flags = 0; ext_debug(inode, "flag 0x%x, max_blocks %u, logical block %lu\n", flags, map->m_len, (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); /* * ext4_map_blocks returns an int, and m_len is an unsigned int */ if (unlikely(map->m_len > INT_MAX)) map->m_len = INT_MAX; /* We can handle the block number less than EXT_MAX_BLOCKS */ if (unlikely(map->m_lblk >= EXT_MAX_BLOCKS)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; /* Lookup extent status tree firstly */ if (!(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) && ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, NULL, &es)) { if (ext4_es_is_written(&es) || ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) { map->m_pblk = ext4_es_pblock(&es) + map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk; map->m_flags |= ext4_es_is_written(&es) ? EXT4_MAP_MAPPED : EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; retval = es.es_len - (map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk); if (retval > map->m_len) retval = map->m_len; map->m_len = retval; } else if (ext4_es_is_delayed(&es) || ext4_es_is_hole(&es)) { map->m_pblk = 0; retval = es.es_len - (map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk); if (retval > map->m_len) retval = map->m_len; map->m_len = retval; retval = 0; } else { BUG(); } #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST ext4_map_blocks_es_recheck(handle, inode, map, &orig_map, flags); #endif goto found; } /* * Try to see if we can get the block without requesting a new * file system block. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } else { retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, 0); } if (retval > 0) { unsigned int status; if (unlikely(retval != map->m_len)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ES len assertion failed for inode " "%lu: retval %d != map->m_len %d", inode->i_ino, retval, map->m_len); WARN_ON(1); } status = map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN ? EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN : EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) && !(status & EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN) && ext4_es_scan_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1)) status |= EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED; ret = ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, status); if (ret < 0) retval = ret; } up_read((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); found: if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) { ret = check_block_validity(inode, map); if (ret != 0) return ret; } /* If it is only a block(s) look up */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) return retval; /* * Returns if the blocks have already allocated * * Note that if blocks have been preallocated * ext4_ext_get_block() returns the create = 0 * with buffer head unmapped. */ if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) /* * If we need to convert extent to unwritten * we continue and do the actual work in * ext4_ext_map_blocks() */ if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN)) return retval; /* * Here we clear m_flags because after allocating an new extent, * it will be set again. */ map->m_flags &= ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS; /* * New blocks allocate and/or writing to unwritten extent * will possibly result in updating i_data, so we take * the write lock of i_data_sem, and call get_block() * with create == 1 flag. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); /* * We need to check for EXT4 here because migrate * could have changed the inode type in between */ if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, flags); } else { retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, flags); if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) { /* * We allocated new blocks which will result in * i_data's format changing. Force the migrate * to fail by clearing migrate flags */ ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE); } /* * Update reserved blocks/metadata blocks after successful * block allocation which had been deferred till now. We don't * support fallocate for non extent files. So we can update * reserve space here. */ if ((retval > 0) && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE)) ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, retval, 1); } if (retval > 0) { unsigned int status; if (unlikely(retval != map->m_len)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ES len assertion failed for inode " "%lu: retval %d != map->m_len %d", inode->i_ino, retval, map->m_len); WARN_ON(1); } /* * We have to zeroout blocks before inserting them into extent * status tree. Otherwise someone could look them up there and * use them before they are really zeroed. We also have to * unmap metadata before zeroing as otherwise writeback can * overwrite zeros with stale data from block device. */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) { ret = ext4_issue_zeroout(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_pblk, map->m_len); if (ret) { retval = ret; goto out_sem; } } /* * If the extent has been zeroed out, we don't need to update * extent status tree. */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO) && ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, NULL, &es)) { if (ext4_es_is_written(&es)) goto out_sem; } status = map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN ? EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN : EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) && !(status & EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN) && ext4_es_scan_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1)) status |= EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED; ret = ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, status); if (ret < 0) { retval = ret; goto out_sem; } } out_sem: up_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); if (retval > 0 && map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) { ret = check_block_validity(inode, map); if (ret != 0) return ret; /* * Inodes with freshly allocated blocks where contents will be * visible after transaction commit must be on transaction's * ordered data list. */ if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW && !(map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) && !(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO) && !ext4_is_quota_file(inode) && ext4_should_order_data(inode)) { loff_t start_byte = (loff_t)map->m_lblk << inode->i_blkbits; loff_t length = (loff_t)map->m_len << inode->i_blkbits; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT) ret = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_wait(handle, inode, start_byte, length); else ret = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle, inode, start_byte, length); if (ret) return ret; } ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1); } if (retval < 0) ext_debug(inode, "failed with err %d\n", retval); return retval; } /* * Update EXT4_MAP_FLAGS in bh->b_state. For buffer heads attached to pages * we have to be careful as someone else may be manipulating b_state as well. */ static void ext4_update_bh_state(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long flags) { unsigned long old_state; unsigned long new_state; flags &= EXT4_MAP_FLAGS; /* Dummy buffer_head? Set non-atomically. */ if (!bh->b_page) { bh->b_state = (bh->b_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | flags; return; } /* * Someone else may be modifying b_state. Be careful! This is ugly but * once we get rid of using bh as a container for mapping information * to pass to / from get_block functions, this can go away. */ do { old_state = READ_ONCE(bh->b_state); new_state = (old_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | flags; } while (unlikely( cmpxchg(&bh->b_state, old_state, new_state) != old_state)); } static int _ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int flags) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; int ret = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return -ERANGE; map.m_lblk = iblock; map.m_len = bh->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits; ret = ext4_map_blocks(ext4_journal_current_handle(), inode, &map, flags); if (ret > 0) { map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk); ext4_update_bh_state(bh, map.m_flags); bh->b_size = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize * map.m_len; ret = 0; } else if (ret == 0) { /* hole case, need to fill in bh->b_size */ bh->b_size = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize * map.m_len; } return ret; } int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create) { return _ext4_get_block(inode, iblock, bh, create ? EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE : 0); } /* * Get block function used when preparing for buffered write if we require * creating an unwritten extent if blocks haven't been allocated. The extent * will be converted to written after the IO is complete. */ int ext4_get_block_unwritten(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create) { ext4_debug("ext4_get_block_unwritten: inode %lu, create flag %d\n", inode->i_ino, create); return _ext4_get_block(inode, iblock, bh_result, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT); } /* Maximum number of blocks we map for direct IO at once. */ #define DIO_MAX_BLOCKS 4096 /* * `handle' can be NULL if create is zero */ struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int map_flags) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; struct buffer_head *bh; int create = map_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE; int err; J_ASSERT((EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) || handle != NULL || create == 0); map.m_lblk = block; map.m_len = 1; err = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, map_flags); if (err == 0) return create ? ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC) : NULL; if (err < 0) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = sb_getblk(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk); if (unlikely(!bh)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) { J_ASSERT(create != 0); J_ASSERT((EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) || (handle != NULL)); /* * Now that we do not always journal data, we should * keep in mind whether this should always journal the * new buffer as metadata. For now, regular file * writes use ext4_get_block instead, so it's not a * problem. */ lock_buffer(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call get_create_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (unlikely(err)) { unlock_buffer(bh); goto errout; } if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { memset(bh->b_data, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } unlock_buffer(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto errout; } else BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "not a new buffer"); return bh; errout: brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int map_flags) { struct buffer_head *bh; int ret; bh = ext4_getblk(handle, inode, block, map_flags); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return bh; if (!bh || ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) return bh; ret = ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, true); if (ret) { put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return bh; } /* Read a contiguous batch of blocks. */ int ext4_bread_batch(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int bh_count, bool wait, struct buffer_head **bhs) { int i, err; for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) { bhs[i] = ext4_getblk(NULL, inode, block + i, 0 /* map_flags */); if (IS_ERR(bhs[i])) { err = PTR_ERR(bhs[i]); bh_count = i; goto out_brelse; } } for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) /* Note that NULL bhs[i] is valid because of holes. */ if (bhs[i] && !ext4_buffer_uptodate(bhs[i])) ext4_read_bh_lock(bhs[i], REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, false); if (!wait) return 0; for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) if (bhs[i]) wait_on_buffer(bhs[i]); for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) { if (bhs[i] && !buffer_uptodate(bhs[i])) { err = -EIO; goto out_brelse; } } return 0; out_brelse: for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) { brelse(bhs[i]); bhs[i] = NULL; } return err; } int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *head, unsigned from, unsigned to, int *partial, int (*fn)(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)) { struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned block_start, block_end; unsigned blocksize = head->b_size; int err, ret = 0; struct buffer_head *next; for (bh = head, block_start = 0; ret == 0 && (bh != head || !block_start); block_start = block_end, bh = next) { next = bh->b_this_page; block_end = block_start + blocksize; if (block_end <= from || block_start >= to) { if (partial && !buffer_uptodate(bh)) *partial = 1; continue; } err = (*fn)(handle, bh); if (!ret) ret = err; } return ret; } /* * To preserve ordering, it is essential that the hole instantiation and * the data write be encapsulated in a single transaction. We cannot * close off a transaction and start a new one between the ext4_get_block() * and the commit_write(). So doing the jbd2_journal_start at the start of * prepare_write() is the right place. * * Also, this function can nest inside ext4_writepage(). In that case, we * *know* that ext4_writepage() has generated enough buffer credits to do the * whole page. So we won't block on the journal in that case, which is good, * because the caller may be PF_MEMALLOC. * * By accident, ext4 can be reentered when a transaction is open via * quota file writes. If we were to commit the transaction while thus * reentered, there can be a deadlock - we would be holding a quota * lock, and the commit would never complete if another thread had a * transaction open and was blocking on the quota lock - a ranking * violation. * * So what we do is to rely on the fact that jbd2_journal_stop/journal_start * will _not_ run commit under these circumstances because handle->h_ref * is elevated. We'll still have enough credits for the tiny quotafile * write. */ int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { int dirty = buffer_dirty(bh); int ret; if (!buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_freed(bh)) return 0; /* * __block_write_begin() could have dirtied some buffers. Clean * the dirty bit as jbd2_journal_get_write_access() could complain * otherwise about fs integrity issues. Setting of the dirty bit * by __block_write_begin() isn't a real problem here as we clear * the bit before releasing a page lock and thus writeback cannot * ever write the buffer. */ if (dirty) clear_buffer_dirty(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get write access"); ret = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (!ret && dirty) ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static int ext4_block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block) { unsigned from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); unsigned to = from + len; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; unsigned block_start, block_end; sector_t block; int err = 0; unsigned blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned bbits; struct buffer_head *bh, *head, *wait[2]; int nr_wait = 0; int i; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(from > PAGE_SIZE); BUG_ON(to > PAGE_SIZE); BUG_ON(from > to); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) create_empty_buffers(page, blocksize, 0); head = page_buffers(page); bbits = ilog2(blocksize); block = (sector_t)page->index << (PAGE_SHIFT - bbits); for (bh = head, block_start = 0; bh != head || !block_start; block++, block_start = block_end, bh = bh->b_this_page) { block_end = block_start + blocksize; if (block_end <= from || block_start >= to) { if (PageUptodate(page)) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } continue; } if (buffer_new(bh)) clear_buffer_new(bh); if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { WARN_ON(bh->b_size != blocksize); err = get_block(inode, block, bh, 1); if (err) break; if (buffer_new(bh)) { if (PageUptodate(page)) { clear_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); mark_buffer_dirty(bh); continue; } if (block_end > to || block_start < from) zero_user_segments(page, to, block_end, block_start, from); continue; } } if (PageUptodate(page)) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); continue; } if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && !buffer_delay(bh) && !buffer_unwritten(bh) && (block_start < from || block_end > to)) { ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, 0, false); wait[nr_wait++] = bh; } } /* * If we issued read requests, let them complete. */ for (i = 0; i < nr_wait; i++) { wait_on_buffer(wait[i]); if (!buffer_uptodate(wait[i])) err = -EIO; } if (unlikely(err)) { page_zero_new_buffers(page, from, to); } else if (fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto(inode)) { for (i = 0; i < nr_wait; i++) { int err2; err2 = fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(page, blocksize, bh_offset(wait[i])); if (err2) { clear_buffer_uptodate(wait[i]); err = err2; } } } return err; } #endif static int ext4_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; int ret, needed_blocks; handle_t *handle; int retries = 0; struct page *page; pgoff_t index; unsigned from, to; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; trace_ext4_write_begin(inode, pos, len, flags); /* * Reserve one block more for addition to orphan list in case * we allocate blocks but write fails for some reason */ needed_blocks = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode) + 1; index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); to = from + len; if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)) { ret = ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(mapping, inode, pos, len, flags, pagep); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 1) return 0; } /* * grab_cache_page_write_begin() can take a long time if the * system is thrashing due to memory pressure, or if the page * is being written back. So grab it first before we start * the transaction handle. This also allows us to allocate * the page (if needed) without using GFP_NOFS. */ retry_grab: page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, index, flags); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; unlock_page(page); retry_journal: handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, needed_blocks); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { put_page(page); return PTR_ERR(handle); } lock_page(page); if (page->mapping != mapping) { /* The page got truncated from under us */ unlock_page(page); put_page(page); ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto retry_grab; } /* In case writeback began while the page was unlocked */ wait_for_stable_page(page); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) ret = ext4_block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block_unwritten); else ret = ext4_block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block); #else if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) ret = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block_unwritten); else ret = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_get_block); #endif if (!ret && ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), from, to, NULL, do_journal_get_write_access); } if (ret) { bool extended = (pos + len > inode->i_size) && !ext4_verity_in_progress(inode); unlock_page(page); /* * __block_write_begin may have instantiated a few blocks * outside i_size. Trim these off again. Don't need * i_size_read because we hold i_mutex. * * Add inode to orphan list in case we crash before * truncate finishes */ if (extended && ext4_can_truncate(inode)) ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (extended) { ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); /* * If truncate failed early the inode might * still be on the orphan list; we need to * make sure the inode is removed from the * orphan list in that case. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); } if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry_journal; put_page(page); return ret; } *pagep = page; return ret; } /* For write_end() in data=journal mode */ static int write_end_fn(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { int ret; if (!buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_freed(bh)) return 0; set_buffer_uptodate(bh); ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); clear_buffer_meta(bh); clear_buffer_prio(bh); return ret; } /* * We need to pick up the new inode size which generic_commit_write gave us * `file' can be NULL - eg, when called from page_symlink(). * * ext4 never places buffers on inode->i_mapping->private_list. metadata * buffers are managed internally. */ static int ext4_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t old_size = inode->i_size; int ret = 0, ret2; int i_size_changed = 0; int inline_data = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); bool verity = ext4_verity_in_progress(inode); trace_ext4_write_end(inode, pos, len, copied); if (inline_data) { ret = ext4_write_inline_data_end(inode, pos, len, copied, page); if (ret < 0) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto errout; } copied = ret; ret = 0; } else copied = block_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); /* * it's important to update i_size while still holding page lock: * page writeout could otherwise come in and zero beyond i_size. * * If FS_IOC_ENABLE_VERITY is running on this inode, then Merkle tree * blocks are being written past EOF, so skip the i_size update. */ if (!verity) i_size_changed = ext4_update_inode_size(inode, pos + copied); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); if (old_size < pos && !verity) pagecache_isize_extended(inode, old_size, pos); /* * Don't mark the inode dirty under page lock. First, it unnecessarily * makes the holding time of page lock longer. Second, it forces lock * ordering of page lock and transaction start for journaling * filesystems. */ if (i_size_changed || inline_data) ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); errout: if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity && ext4_can_truncate(inode)) /* if we have allocated more blocks and copied * less. We will have blocks allocated outside * inode->i_size. So truncate them */ ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = ret2; if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity) { ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); /* * If truncate failed early the inode might still be * on the orphan list; we need to make sure the inode * is removed from the orphan list in that case. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); } return ret ? ret : copied; } /* * This is a private version of page_zero_new_buffers() which doesn't * set the buffer to be dirty, since in data=journalled mode we need * to call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata() instead. */ static void ext4_journalled_zero_new_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to) { unsigned int block_start = 0, block_end; struct buffer_head *head, *bh; bh = head = page_buffers(page); do { block_end = block_start + bh->b_size; if (buffer_new(bh)) { if (block_end > from && block_start < to) { if (!PageUptodate(page)) { unsigned start, size; start = max(from, block_start); size = min(to, block_end) - start; zero_user(page, start, size); write_end_fn(handle, bh); } clear_buffer_new(bh); } } block_start = block_end; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); } static int ext4_journalled_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t old_size = inode->i_size; int ret = 0, ret2; int partial = 0; unsigned from, to; int size_changed = 0; int inline_data = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); bool verity = ext4_verity_in_progress(inode); trace_ext4_journalled_write_end(inode, pos, len, copied); from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); to = from + len; BUG_ON(!ext4_handle_valid(handle)); if (inline_data) { ret = ext4_write_inline_data_end(inode, pos, len, copied, page); if (ret < 0) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto errout; } copied = ret; ret = 0; } else if (unlikely(copied < len) && !PageUptodate(page)) { copied = 0; ext4_journalled_zero_new_buffers(handle, page, from, to); } else { if (unlikely(copied < len)) ext4_journalled_zero_new_buffers(handle, page, from + copied, to); ret = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), from, from + copied, &partial, write_end_fn); if (!partial) SetPageUptodate(page); } if (!verity) size_changed = ext4_update_inode_size(inode, pos + copied); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA); EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; unlock_page(page); put_page(page); if (old_size < pos && !verity) pagecache_isize_extended(inode, old_size, pos); if (size_changed || inline_data) { ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (!ret) ret = ret2; } errout: if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity && ext4_can_truncate(inode)) /* if we have allocated more blocks and copied * less. We will have blocks allocated outside * inode->i_size. So truncate them */ ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = ret2; if (pos + len > inode->i_size && !verity) { ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); /* * If truncate failed early the inode might still be * on the orphan list; we need to make sure the inode * is removed from the orphan list in that case. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); } return ret ? ret : copied; } /* * Reserve space for a single cluster */ static int ext4_da_reserve_space(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); int ret; /* * We will charge metadata quota at writeout time; this saves * us from metadata over-estimation, though we may go over by * a small amount in the end. Here we just reserve for data. */ ret = dquot_reserve_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, 1)); if (ret) return ret; spin_lock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); if (ext4_claim_free_clusters(sbi, 1, 0)) { spin_unlock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); dquot_release_reservation_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, 1)); return -ENOSPC; } ei->i_reserved_data_blocks++; trace_ext4_da_reserve_space(inode); spin_unlock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); return 0; /* success */ } void ext4_da_release_space(struct inode *inode, int to_free) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (!to_free) return; /* Nothing to release, exit */ spin_lock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock); trace_ext4_da_release_space(inode, to_free); if (unlikely(to_free > ei->i_reserved_data_blocks)) { /* * if there aren't enough reserved blocks, then the * counter is messed up somewhere. Since this * function is called from invalidate page, it's * harmless to return without any action. */ ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ext4_da_release_space: " "ino %lu, to_free %d with only %d reserved " "data blocks", inode->i_ino, to_free, ei->i_reserved_data_blocks); WARN_ON(1); to_free = ei->i_reserved_data_blocks; } ei->i_reserved_data_blocks -= to_free; /* update fs dirty data blocks counter */ percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, to_free); spin_unlock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock); dquot_release_reservation_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, to_free)); } /* * Delayed allocation stuff */ struct mpage_da_data { struct inode *inode; struct writeback_control *wbc; pgoff_t first_page; /* The first page to write */ pgoff_t next_page; /* Current page to examine */ pgoff_t last_page; /* Last page to examine */ /* * Extent to map - this can be after first_page because that can be * fully mapped. We somewhat abuse m_flags to store whether the extent * is delalloc or unwritten. */ struct ext4_map_blocks map; struct ext4_io_submit io_submit; /* IO submission data */ unsigned int do_map:1; unsigned int scanned_until_end:1; }; static void mpage_release_unused_pages(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, bool invalidate) { int nr_pages, i; pgoff_t index, end; struct pagevec pvec; struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; /* This is necessary when next_page == 0. */ if (mpd->first_page >= mpd->next_page) return; mpd->scanned_until_end = 0; index = mpd->first_page; end = mpd->next_page - 1; if (invalidate) { ext4_lblk_t start, last; start = index << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits); last = end << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits); ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, start, last - start + 1); } pagevec_init(&pvec); while (index <= end) { nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range(&pvec, mapping, &index, end); if (nr_pages == 0) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page)); if (invalidate) { if (page_mapped(page)) clear_page_dirty_for_io(page); block_invalidatepage(page, 0, PAGE_SIZE); ClearPageUptodate(page); } unlock_page(page); } pagevec_release(&pvec); } } static void ext4_print_free_blocks(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Total free blocks count %lld", EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb), ext4_count_free_clusters(sb))); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Free/Dirty block details"); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "free_blocks=%lld", (long long) EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), percpu_counter_sum(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter))); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "dirty_blocks=%lld", (long long) EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), percpu_counter_sum(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter))); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Block reservation details"); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "i_reserved_data_blocks=%u", ei->i_reserved_data_blocks); return; } static int ext4_bh_delay_or_unwritten(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { return (buffer_delay(bh) || buffer_unwritten(bh)) && buffer_dirty(bh); } /* * ext4_insert_delayed_block - adds a delayed block to the extents status * tree, incrementing the reserved cluster/block * count or making a pending reservation * where needed * * @inode - file containing the newly added block * @lblk - logical block to be added * * Returns 0 on success, negative error code on failure. */ static int ext4_insert_delayed_block(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int ret; bool allocated = false; bool reserved = false; /* * If the cluster containing lblk is shared with a delayed, * written, or unwritten extent in a bigalloc file system, it's * already been accounted for and does not need to be reserved. * A pending reservation must be made for the cluster if it's * shared with a written or unwritten extent and doesn't already * have one. Written and unwritten extents can be purged from the * extents status tree if the system is under memory pressure, so * it's necessary to examine the extent tree if a search of the * extents status tree doesn't get a match. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio == 1) { ret = ext4_da_reserve_space(inode); if (ret != 0) /* ENOSPC */ goto errout; reserved = true; } else { /* bigalloc */ if (!ext4_es_scan_clu(inode, &ext4_es_is_delonly, lblk)) { if (!ext4_es_scan_clu(inode, &ext4_es_is_mapped, lblk)) { ret = ext4_clu_mapped(inode, EXT4_B2C(sbi, lblk)); if (ret < 0) goto errout; if (ret == 0) { ret = ext4_da_reserve_space(inode); if (ret != 0) /* ENOSPC */ goto errout; reserved = true; } else { allocated = true; } } else { allocated = true; } } } ret = ext4_es_insert_delayed_block(inode, lblk, allocated); if (ret && reserved) ext4_da_release_space(inode, 1); errout: return ret; } /* * This function is grabs code from the very beginning of * ext4_map_blocks, but assumes that the caller is from delayed write * time. This function looks up the requested blocks and sets the * buffer delay bit under the protection of i_data_sem. */ static int ext4_da_map_blocks(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct extent_status es; int retval; sector_t invalid_block = ~((sector_t) 0xffff); #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST struct ext4_map_blocks orig_map; memcpy(&orig_map, map, sizeof(*map)); #endif if (invalid_block < ext4_blocks_count(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es)) invalid_block = ~0; map->m_flags = 0; ext_debug(inode, "max_blocks %u, logical block %lu\n", map->m_len, (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); /* Lookup extent status tree firstly */ if (ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, iblock, NULL, &es)) { if (ext4_es_is_hole(&es)) { retval = 0; down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto add_delayed; } /* * Delayed extent could be allocated by fallocate. * So we need to check it. */ if (ext4_es_is_delayed(&es) && !ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) { map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, invalid_block); set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_delay(bh); return 0; } map->m_pblk = ext4_es_pblock(&es) + iblock - es.es_lblk; retval = es.es_len - (iblock - es.es_lblk); if (retval > map->m_len) retval = map->m_len; map->m_len = retval; if (ext4_es_is_written(&es)) map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; else if (ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; else BUG(); #ifdef ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST ext4_map_blocks_es_recheck(NULL, inode, map, &orig_map, 0); #endif return retval; } /* * Try to see if we can get the block without requesting a new * file system block. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) retval = 0; else if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) retval = ext4_ext_map_blocks(NULL, inode, map, 0); else retval = ext4_ind_map_blocks(NULL, inode, map, 0); add_delayed: if (retval == 0) { int ret; /* * XXX: __block_prepare_write() unmaps passed block, * is it OK? */ ret = ext4_insert_delayed_block(inode, map->m_lblk); if (ret != 0) { retval = ret; goto out_unlock; } map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, invalid_block); set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_delay(bh); } else if (retval > 0) { int ret; unsigned int status; if (unlikely(retval != map->m_len)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "ES len assertion failed for inode " "%lu: retval %d != map->m_len %d", inode->i_ino, retval, map->m_len); WARN_ON(1); } status = map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN ? EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN : EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; ret = ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, map->m_pblk, status); if (ret != 0) retval = ret; } out_unlock: up_read((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); return retval; } /* * This is a special get_block_t callback which is used by * ext4_da_write_begin(). It will either return mapped block or * reserve space for a single block. * * For delayed buffer_head we have BH_Mapped, BH_New, BH_Delay set. * We also have b_blocknr = -1 and b_bdev initialized properly * * For unwritten buffer_head we have BH_Mapped, BH_New, BH_Unwritten set. * We also have b_blocknr = physicalblock mapping unwritten extent and b_bdev * initialized properly. */ int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; int ret = 0; BUG_ON(create == 0); BUG_ON(bh->b_size != inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); map.m_lblk = iblock; map.m_len = 1; /* * first, we need to know whether the block is allocated already * preallocated blocks are unmapped but should treated * the same as allocated blocks. */ ret = ext4_da_map_blocks(inode, iblock, &map, bh); if (ret <= 0) return ret; map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk); ext4_update_bh_state(bh, map.m_flags); if (buffer_unwritten(bh)) { /* A delayed write to unwritten bh should be marked * new and mapped. Mapped ensures that we don't do * get_block multiple times when we write to the same * offset and new ensures that we do proper zero out * for partial write. */ set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_mapped(bh); } return 0; } static int bget_one(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { get_bh(bh); return 0; } static int bput_one(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { put_bh(bh); return 0; } static int __ext4_journalled_writepage(struct page *page, unsigned int len) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct buffer_head *page_bufs = NULL; handle_t *handle = NULL; int ret = 0, err = 0; int inline_data = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); struct buffer_head *inode_bh = NULL; ClearPageChecked(page); if (inline_data) { BUG_ON(page->index != 0); BUG_ON(len > ext4_get_max_inline_size(inode)); inode_bh = ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(inode, len, page); if (inode_bh == NULL) goto out; } else { page_bufs = page_buffers(page); if (!page_bufs) { BUG(); goto out; } ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, bget_one); } /* * We need to release the page lock before we start the * journal, so grab a reference so the page won't disappear * out from under us. */ get_page(page); unlock_page(page); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); put_page(page); goto out_no_pagelock; } BUG_ON(!ext4_handle_valid(handle)); lock_page(page); put_page(page); if (page->mapping != mapping) { /* The page got truncated from under us */ ext4_journal_stop(handle); ret = 0; goto out; } if (inline_data) { ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } else { ret = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, do_journal_get_write_access); err = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, write_end_fn); } if (ret == 0) ret = err; err = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle, inode, page_offset(page), len); if (ret == 0) ret = err; EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = err; ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA); out: unlock_page(page); out_no_pagelock: if (!inline_data && page_bufs) ext4_walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, bput_one); brelse(inode_bh); return ret; } /* * Note that we don't need to start a transaction unless we're journaling data * because we should have holes filled from ext4_page_mkwrite(). We even don't * need to file the inode to the transaction's list in ordered mode because if * we are writing back data added by write(), the inode is already there and if * we are writing back data modified via mmap(), no one guarantees in which * transaction the data will hit the disk. In case we are journaling data, we * cannot start transaction directly because transaction start ranks above page * lock so we have to do some magic. * * This function can get called via... * - ext4_writepages after taking page lock (have journal handle) * - journal_submit_inode_data_buffers (no journal handle) * - shrink_page_list via the kswapd/direct reclaim (no journal handle) * - grab_page_cache when doing write_begin (have journal handle) * * We don't do any block allocation in this function. If we have page with * multiple blocks we need to write those buffer_heads that are mapped. This * is important for mmaped based write. So if we do with blocksize 1K * truncate(f, 1024); * a = mmap(f, 0, 4096); * a[0] = 'a'; * truncate(f, 4096); * we have in the page first buffer_head mapped via page_mkwrite call back * but other buffer_heads would be unmapped but dirty (dirty done via the * do_wp_page). So writepage should write the first block. If we modify * the mmap area beyond 1024 we will again get a page_fault and the * page_mkwrite callback will do the block allocation and mark the * buffer_heads mapped. * * We redirty the page if we have any buffer_heads that is either delay or * unwritten in the page. * * We can get recursively called as show below. * * ext4_writepage() -> kmalloc() -> __alloc_pages() -> page_launder() -> * ext4_writepage() * * But since we don't do any block allocation we should not deadlock. * Page also have the dirty flag cleared so we don't get recurive page_lock. */ static int ext4_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc) { int ret = 0; loff_t size; unsigned int len; struct buffer_head *page_bufs = NULL; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; struct ext4_io_submit io_submit; bool keep_towrite = false; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) { inode->i_mapping->a_ops->invalidatepage(page, 0, PAGE_SIZE); unlock_page(page); return -EIO; } trace_ext4_writepage(page); size = i_size_read(inode); if (page->index == size >> PAGE_SHIFT && !ext4_verity_in_progress(inode)) len = size & ~PAGE_MASK; else len = PAGE_SIZE; page_bufs = page_buffers(page); /* * We cannot do block allocation or other extent handling in this * function. If there are buffers needing that, we have to redirty * the page. But we may reach here when we do a journal commit via * journal_submit_inode_data_buffers() and in that case we must write * allocated buffers to achieve data=ordered mode guarantees. * * Also, if there is only one buffer per page (the fs block * size == the page size), if one buffer needs block * allocation or needs to modify the extent tree to clear the * unwritten flag, we know that the page can't be written at * all, so we might as well refuse the write immediately. * Unfortunately if the block size != page size, we can't as * easily detect this case using ext4_walk_page_buffers(), but * for the extremely common case, this is an optimization that * skips a useless round trip through ext4_bio_write_page(). */ if (ext4_walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_bufs, 0, len, NULL, ext4_bh_delay_or_unwritten)) { redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page); if ((current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC) || (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize == PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * For memory cleaning there's no point in writing only * some buffers. So just bail out. Warn if we came here * from direct reclaim. */ WARN_ON_ONCE((current->flags & (PF_MEMALLOC|PF_KSWAPD)) == PF_MEMALLOC); unlock_page(page); return 0; } keep_towrite = true; } if (PageChecked(page) && ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) /* * It's mmapped pagecache. Add buffers and journal it. There * doesn't seem much point in redirtying the page here. */ return __ext4_journalled_writepage(page, len); ext4_io_submit_init(&io_submit, wbc); io_submit.io_end = ext4_init_io_end(inode, GFP_NOFS); if (!io_submit.io_end) { redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page); unlock_page(page); return -ENOMEM; } ret = ext4_bio_write_page(&io_submit, page, len, wbc, keep_towrite); ext4_io_submit(&io_submit); /* Drop io_end reference we got from init */ ext4_put_io_end_defer(io_submit.io_end); return ret; } static int mpage_submit_page(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, struct page *page) { int len; loff_t size; int err; BUG_ON(page->index != mpd->first_page); clear_page_dirty_for_io(page); /* * We have to be very careful here! Nothing protects writeback path * against i_size changes and the page can be writeably mapped into * page tables. So an application can be growing i_size and writing * data through mmap while writeback runs. clear_page_dirty_for_io() * write-protects our page in page tables and the page cannot get * written to again until we release page lock. So only after * clear_page_dirty_for_io() we are safe to sample i_size for * ext4_bio_write_page() to zero-out tail of the written page. We rely * on the barrier provided by TestClearPageDirty in * clear_page_dirty_for_io() to make sure i_size is really sampled only * after page tables are updated. */ size = i_size_read(mpd->inode); if (page->index == size >> PAGE_SHIFT && !ext4_verity_in_progress(mpd->inode)) len = size & ~PAGE_MASK; else len = PAGE_SIZE; err = ext4_bio_write_page(&mpd->io_submit, page, len, mpd->wbc, false); if (!err) mpd->wbc->nr_to_write--; mpd->first_page++; return err; } #define BH_FLAGS (BIT(BH_Unwritten) | BIT(BH_Delay)) /* * mballoc gives us at most this number of blocks... * XXX: That seems to be only a limitation of ext4_mb_normalize_request(). * The rest of mballoc seems to handle chunks up to full group size. */ #define MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN 2048 /* * mpage_add_bh_to_extent - try to add bh to extent of blocks to map * * @mpd - extent of blocks * @lblk - logical number of the block in the file * @bh - buffer head we want to add to the extent * * The function is used to collect contig. blocks in the same state. If the * buffer doesn't require mapping for writeback and we haven't started the * extent of buffers to map yet, the function returns 'true' immediately - the * caller can write the buffer right away. Otherwise the function returns true * if the block has been added to the extent, false if the block couldn't be * added. */ static bool mpage_add_bh_to_extent(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, ext4_lblk_t lblk, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_map_blocks *map = &mpd->map; /* Buffer that doesn't need mapping for writeback? */ if (!buffer_dirty(bh) || !buffer_mapped(bh) || (!buffer_delay(bh) && !buffer_unwritten(bh))) { /* So far no extent to map => we write the buffer right away */ if (map->m_len == 0) return true; return false; } /* First block in the extent? */ if (map->m_len == 0) { /* We cannot map unless handle is started... */ if (!mpd->do_map) return false; map->m_lblk = lblk; map->m_len = 1; map->m_flags = bh->b_state & BH_FLAGS; return true; } /* Don't go larger than mballoc is willing to allocate */ if (map->m_len >= MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN) return false; /* Can we merge the block to our big extent? */ if (lblk == map->m_lblk + map->m_len && (bh->b_state & BH_FLAGS) == map->m_flags) { map->m_len++; return true; } return false; } /* * mpage_process_page_bufs - submit page buffers for IO or add them to extent * * @mpd - extent of blocks for mapping * @head - the first buffer in the page * @bh - buffer we should start processing from * @lblk - logical number of the block in the file corresponding to @bh * * Walk through page buffers from @bh upto @head (exclusive) and either submit * the page for IO if all buffers in this page were mapped and there's no * accumulated extent of buffers to map or add buffers in the page to the * extent of buffers to map. The function returns 1 if the caller can continue * by processing the next page, 0 if it should stop adding buffers to the * extent to map because we cannot extend it anymore. It can also return value * < 0 in case of error during IO submission. */ static int mpage_process_page_bufs(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, struct buffer_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; int err; ext4_lblk_t blocks = (i_size_read(inode) + i_blocksize(inode) - 1) >> inode->i_blkbits; if (ext4_verity_in_progress(inode)) blocks = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; do { BUG_ON(buffer_locked(bh)); if (lblk >= blocks || !mpage_add_bh_to_extent(mpd, lblk, bh)) { /* Found extent to map? */ if (mpd->map.m_len) return 0; /* Buffer needs mapping and handle is not started? */ if (!mpd->do_map) return 0; /* Everything mapped so far and we hit EOF */ break; } } while (lblk++, (bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); /* So far everything mapped? Submit the page for IO. */ if (mpd->map.m_len == 0) { err = mpage_submit_page(mpd, head->b_page); if (err < 0) return err; } if (lblk >= blocks) { mpd->scanned_until_end = 1; return 0; } return 1; } /* * mpage_process_page - update page buffers corresponding to changed extent and * may submit fully mapped page for IO * * @mpd - description of extent to map, on return next extent to map * @m_lblk - logical block mapping. * @m_pblk - corresponding physical mapping. * @map_bh - determines on return whether this page requires any further * mapping or not. * Scan given page buffers corresponding to changed extent and update buffer * state according to new extent state. * We map delalloc buffers to their physical location, clear unwritten bits. * If the given page is not fully mapped, we update @map to the next extent in * the given page that needs mapping & return @map_bh as true. */ static int mpage_process_page(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, struct page *page, ext4_lblk_t *m_lblk, ext4_fsblk_t *m_pblk, bool *map_bh) { struct buffer_head *head, *bh; ext4_io_end_t *io_end = mpd->io_submit.io_end; ext4_lblk_t lblk = *m_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t pblock = *m_pblk; int err = 0; int blkbits = mpd->inode->i_blkbits; ssize_t io_end_size = 0; struct ext4_io_end_vec *io_end_vec = ext4_last_io_end_vec(io_end); bh = head = page_buffers(page); do { if (lblk < mpd->map.m_lblk) continue; if (lblk >= mpd->map.m_lblk + mpd->map.m_len) { /* * Buffer after end of mapped extent. * Find next buffer in the page to map. */ mpd->map.m_len = 0; mpd->map.m_flags = 0; io_end_vec->size += io_end_size; io_end_size = 0; err = mpage_process_page_bufs(mpd, head, bh, lblk); if (err > 0) err = 0; if (!err && mpd->map.m_len && mpd->map.m_lblk > lblk) { io_end_vec = ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(io_end); if (IS_ERR(io_end_vec)) { err = PTR_ERR(io_end_vec); goto out; } io_end_vec->offset = (loff_t)mpd->map.m_lblk << blkbits; } *map_bh = true; goto out; } if (buffer_delay(bh)) { clear_buffer_delay(bh); bh->b_blocknr = pblock++; } clear_buffer_unwritten(bh); io_end_size += (1 << blkbits); } while (lblk++, (bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); io_end_vec->size += io_end_size; io_end_size = 0; *map_bh = false; out: *m_lblk = lblk; *m_pblk = pblock; return err; } /* * mpage_map_buffers - update buffers corresponding to changed extent and * submit fully mapped pages for IO * * @mpd - description of extent to map, on return next extent to map * * Scan buffers corresponding to changed extent (we expect corresponding pages * to be already locked) and update buffer state according to new extent state. * We map delalloc buffers to their physical location, clear unwritten bits, * and mark buffers as uninit when we perform writes to unwritten extents * and do extent conversion after IO is finished. If the last page is not fully * mapped, we update @map to the next extent in the last page that needs * mapping. Otherwise we submit the page for IO. */ static int mpage_map_and_submit_buffers(struct mpage_da_data *mpd) { struct pagevec pvec; int nr_pages, i; struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; int bpp_bits = PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits; pgoff_t start, end; ext4_lblk_t lblk; ext4_fsblk_t pblock; int err; bool map_bh = false; start = mpd->map.m_lblk >> bpp_bits; end = (mpd->map.m_lblk + mpd->map.m_len - 1) >> bpp_bits; lblk = start << bpp_bits; pblock = mpd->map.m_pblk; pagevec_init(&pvec); while (start <= end) { nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range(&pvec, inode->i_mapping, &start, end); if (nr_pages == 0) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; err = mpage_process_page(mpd, page, &lblk, &pblock, &map_bh); /* * If map_bh is true, means page may require further bh * mapping, or maybe the page was submitted for IO. * So we return to call further extent mapping. */ if (err < 0 || map_bh) goto out; /* Page fully mapped - let IO run! */ err = mpage_submit_page(mpd, page); if (err < 0) goto out; } pagevec_release(&pvec); } /* Extent fully mapped and matches with page boundary. We are done. */ mpd->map.m_len = 0; mpd->map.m_flags = 0; return 0; out: pagevec_release(&pvec); return err; } static int mpage_map_one_extent(handle_t *handle, struct mpage_da_data *mpd) { struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; struct ext4_map_blocks *map = &mpd->map; int get_blocks_flags; int err, dioread_nolock; trace_ext4_da_write_pages_extent(inode, map); /* * Call ext4_map_blocks() to allocate any delayed allocation blocks, or * to convert an unwritten extent to be initialized (in the case * where we have written into one or more preallocated blocks). It is * possible that we're going to need more metadata blocks than * previously reserved. However we must not fail because we're in * writeback and there is nothing we can do about it so it might result * in data loss. So use reserved blocks to allocate metadata if * possible. * * We pass in the magic EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE if * the blocks in question are delalloc blocks. This indicates * that the blocks and quotas has already been checked when * the data was copied into the page cache. */ get_blocks_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT; dioread_nolock = ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode); if (dioread_nolock) get_blocks_flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT; if (map->m_flags & BIT(BH_Delay)) get_blocks_flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE; err = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, get_blocks_flags); if (err < 0) return err; if (dioread_nolock && (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN)) { if (!mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle && ext4_handle_valid(handle)) { mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle = handle->h_rsv_handle; handle->h_rsv_handle = NULL; } ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(inode, mpd->io_submit.io_end); } BUG_ON(map->m_len == 0); return 0; } /* * mpage_map_and_submit_extent - map extent starting at mpd->lblk of length * mpd->len and submit pages underlying it for IO * * @handle - handle for journal operations * @mpd - extent to map * @give_up_on_write - we set this to true iff there is a fatal error and there * is no hope of writing the data. The caller should discard * dirty pages to avoid infinite loops. * * The function maps extent starting at mpd->lblk of length mpd->len. If it is * delayed, blocks are allocated, if it is unwritten, we may need to convert * them to initialized or split the described range from larger unwritten * extent. Note that we need not map all the described range since allocation * can return less blocks or the range is covered by more unwritten extents. We * cannot map more because we are limited by reserved transaction credits. On * the other hand we always make sure that the last touched page is fully * mapped so that it can be written out (and thus forward progress is * guaranteed). After mapping we submit all mapped pages for IO. */ static int mpage_map_and_submit_extent(handle_t *handle, struct mpage_da_data *mpd, bool *give_up_on_write) { struct inode *inode = mpd->inode; struct ext4_map_blocks *map = &mpd->map; int err; loff_t disksize; int progress = 0; ext4_io_end_t *io_end = mpd->io_submit.io_end; struct ext4_io_end_vec *io_end_vec; io_end_vec = ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(io_end); if (IS_ERR(io_end_vec)) return PTR_ERR(io_end_vec); io_end_vec->offset = ((loff_t)map->m_lblk) << inode->i_blkbits; do { err = mpage_map_one_extent(handle, mpd); if (err < 0) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; if (ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)) || ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED)) goto invalidate_dirty_pages; /* * Let the uper layers retry transient errors. * In the case of ENOSPC, if ext4_count_free_blocks() * is non-zero, a commit should free up blocks. */ if ((err == -ENOMEM) || (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_count_free_clusters(sb))) { if (progress) goto update_disksize; return err; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Delayed block allocation failed for " "inode %lu at logical offset %llu with" " max blocks %u with error %d", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, (unsigned)map->m_len, -err); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "This should not happen!! Data will " "be lost\n"); if (err == -ENOSPC) ext4_print_free_blocks(inode); invalidate_dirty_pages: *give_up_on_write = true; return err; } progress = 1; /* * Update buffer state, submit mapped pages, and get us new * extent to map */ err = mpage_map_and_submit_buffers(mpd); if (err < 0) goto update_disksize; } while (map->m_len); update_disksize: /* * Update on-disk size after IO is submitted. Races with * truncate are avoided by checking i_size under i_data_sem. */ disksize = ((loff_t)mpd->first_page) << PAGE_SHIFT; if (disksize > READ_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { int err2; loff_t i_size; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); i_size = i_size_read(inode); if (disksize > i_size) disksize = i_size; if (disksize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = disksize; up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err2) { ext4_error_err(inode->i_sb, -err2, "Failed to mark inode %lu dirty", inode->i_ino); } if (!err) err = err2; } return err; } /* * Calculate the total number of credits to reserve for one writepages * iteration. This is called from ext4_writepages(). We map an extent of * up to MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN blocks and then we go on and finish mapping * the last partial page. So in total we can map MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN + * bpp - 1 blocks in bpp different extents. */ static int ext4_da_writepages_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode) { int bpp = ext4_journal_blocks_per_page(inode); return ext4_meta_trans_blocks(inode, MAX_WRITEPAGES_EXTENT_LEN + bpp - 1, bpp); } /* * mpage_prepare_extent_to_map - find & lock contiguous range of dirty pages * and underlying extent to map * * @mpd - where to look for pages * * Walk dirty pages in the mapping. If they are fully mapped, submit them for * IO immediately. When we find a page which isn't mapped we start accumulating * extent of buffers underlying these pages that needs mapping (formed by * either delayed or unwritten buffers). We also lock the pages containing * these buffers. The extent found is returned in @mpd structure (starting at * mpd->lblk with length mpd->len blocks). * * Note that this function can attach bios to one io_end structure which are * neither logically nor physically contiguous. Although it may seem as an * unnecessary complication, it is actually inevitable in blocksize < pagesize * case as we need to track IO to all buffers underlying a page in one io_end. */ static int mpage_prepare_extent_to_map(struct mpage_da_data *mpd) { struct address_space *mapping = mpd->inode->i_mapping; struct pagevec pvec; unsigned int nr_pages; long left = mpd->wbc->nr_to_write; pgoff_t index = mpd->first_page; pgoff_t end = mpd->last_page; xa_mark_t tag; int i, err = 0; int blkbits = mpd->inode->i_blkbits; ext4_lblk_t lblk; struct buffer_head *head; if (mpd->wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || mpd->wbc->tagged_writepages) tag = PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE; else tag = PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY; pagevec_init(&pvec); mpd->map.m_len = 0; mpd->next_page = index; while (index <= end) { nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range_tag(&pvec, mapping, &index, end, tag); if (nr_pages == 0) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; /* * Accumulated enough dirty pages? This doesn't apply * to WB_SYNC_ALL mode. For integrity sync we have to * keep going because someone may be concurrently * dirtying pages, and we might have synced a lot of * newly appeared dirty pages, but have not synced all * of the old dirty pages. */ if (mpd->wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE && left <= 0) goto out; /* If we can't merge this page, we are done. */ if (mpd->map.m_len > 0 && mpd->next_page != page->index) goto out; lock_page(page); /* * If the page is no longer dirty, or its mapping no * longer corresponds to inode we are writing (which * means it has been truncated or invalidated), or the * page is already under writeback and we are not doing * a data integrity writeback, skip the page */ if (!PageDirty(page) || (PageWriteback(page) && (mpd->wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE)) || unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); continue; } wait_on_page_writeback(page); BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page)); if (mpd->map.m_len == 0) mpd->first_page = page->index; mpd->next_page = page->index + 1; /* Add all dirty buffers to mpd */ lblk = ((ext4_lblk_t)page->index) << (PAGE_SHIFT - blkbits); head = page_buffers(page); err = mpage_process_page_bufs(mpd, head, head, lblk); if (err <= 0) goto out; err = 0; left--; } pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); } mpd->scanned_until_end = 1; return 0; out: pagevec_release(&pvec); return err; } static int ext4_writepages(struct address_space *mapping, struct writeback_control *wbc) { pgoff_t writeback_index = 0; long nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; int range_whole = 0; int cycled = 1; handle_t *handle = NULL; struct mpage_da_data mpd; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; int needed_blocks, rsv_blocks = 0, ret = 0; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(mapping->host->i_sb); struct blk_plug plug; bool give_up_on_write = false; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; percpu_down_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); trace_ext4_writepages(inode, wbc); /* * No pages to write? This is mainly a kludge to avoid starting * a transaction for special inodes like journal inode on last iput() * because that could violate lock ordering on umount */ if (!mapping->nrpages || !mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) goto out_writepages; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = generic_writepages(mapping, wbc); goto out_writepages; } /* * If the filesystem has aborted, it is read-only, so return * right away instead of dumping stack traces later on that * will obscure the real source of the problem. We test * EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED instead of sb->s_flag's SB_RDONLY because * the latter could be true if the filesystem is mounted * read-only, and in that case, ext4_writepages should * *never* be called, so if that ever happens, we would want * the stack trace. */ if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(mapping->host->i_sb)) || ext4_test_mount_flag(inode->i_sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED))) { ret = -EROFS; goto out_writepages; } /* * If we have inline data and arrive here, it means that * we will soon create the block for the 1st page, so * we'd better clear the inline data here. */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { /* Just inode will be modified... */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_writepages; } BUG_ON(ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)); ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); } if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) { /* * We may need to convert up to one extent per block in * the page and we may dirty the inode. */ rsv_blocks = 1 + ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, PAGE_SIZE >> inode->i_blkbits); } if (wbc->range_start == 0 && wbc->range_end == LLONG_MAX) range_whole = 1; if (wbc->range_cyclic) { writeback_index = mapping->writeback_index; if (writeback_index) cycled = 0; mpd.first_page = writeback_index; mpd.last_page = -1; } else { mpd.first_page = wbc->range_start >> PAGE_SHIFT; mpd.last_page = wbc->range_end >> PAGE_SHIFT; } mpd.inode = inode; mpd.wbc = wbc; ext4_io_submit_init(&mpd.io_submit, wbc); retry: if (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->tagged_writepages) tag_pages_for_writeback(mapping, mpd.first_page, mpd.last_page); blk_start_plug(&plug); /* * First writeback pages that don't need mapping - we can avoid * starting a transaction unnecessarily and also avoid being blocked * in the block layer on device congestion while having transaction * started. */ mpd.do_map = 0; mpd.scanned_until_end = 0; mpd.io_submit.io_end = ext4_init_io_end(inode, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpd.io_submit.io_end) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto unplug; } ret = mpage_prepare_extent_to_map(&mpd); /* Unlock pages we didn't use */ mpage_release_unused_pages(&mpd, false); /* Submit prepared bio */ ext4_io_submit(&mpd.io_submit); ext4_put_io_end_defer(mpd.io_submit.io_end); mpd.io_submit.io_end = NULL; if (ret < 0) goto unplug; while (!mpd.scanned_until_end && wbc->nr_to_write > 0) { /* For each extent of pages we use new io_end */ mpd.io_submit.io_end = ext4_init_io_end(inode, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpd.io_submit.io_end) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } /* * We have two constraints: We find one extent to map and we * must always write out whole page (makes a difference when * blocksize < pagesize) so that we don't block on IO when we * try to write out the rest of the page. Journalled mode is * not supported by delalloc. */ BUG_ON(ext4_should_journal_data(inode)); needed_blocks = ext4_da_writepages_trans_blocks(inode); /* start a new transaction */ handle = ext4_journal_start_with_reserve(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, needed_blocks, rsv_blocks); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_CRIT, "%s: jbd2_start: " "%ld pages, ino %lu; err %d", __func__, wbc->nr_to_write, inode->i_ino, ret); /* Release allocated io_end */ ext4_put_io_end(mpd.io_submit.io_end); mpd.io_submit.io_end = NULL; break; } mpd.do_map = 1; trace_ext4_da_write_pages(inode, mpd.first_page, mpd.wbc); ret = mpage_prepare_extent_to_map(&mpd); if (!ret && mpd.map.m_len) ret = mpage_map_and_submit_extent(handle, &mpd, &give_up_on_write); /* * Caution: If the handle is synchronous, * ext4_journal_stop() can wait for transaction commit * to finish which may depend on writeback of pages to * complete or on page lock to be released. In that * case, we have to wait until after we have * submitted all the IO, released page locks we hold, * and dropped io_end reference (for extent conversion * to be able to complete) before stopping the handle. */ if (!ext4_handle_valid(handle) || handle->h_sync == 0) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); handle = NULL; mpd.do_map = 0; } /* Unlock pages we didn't use */ mpage_release_unused_pages(&mpd, give_up_on_write); /* Submit prepared bio */ ext4_io_submit(&mpd.io_submit); /* * Drop our io_end reference we got from init. We have * to be careful and use deferred io_end finishing if * we are still holding the transaction as we can * release the last reference to io_end which may end * up doing unwritten extent conversion. */ if (handle) { ext4_put_io_end_defer(mpd.io_submit.io_end); ext4_journal_stop(handle); } else ext4_put_io_end(mpd.io_submit.io_end); mpd.io_submit.io_end = NULL; if (ret == -ENOSPC && sbi->s_journal) { /* * Commit the transaction which would * free blocks released in the transaction * and try again */ jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(sbi->s_journal); ret = 0; continue; } /* Fatal error - ENOMEM, EIO... */ if (ret) break; } unplug: blk_finish_plug(&plug); if (!ret && !cycled && wbc->nr_to_write > 0) { cycled = 1; mpd.last_page = writeback_index - 1; mpd.first_page = 0; goto retry; } /* Update index */ if (wbc->range_cyclic || (range_whole && wbc->nr_to_write > 0)) /* * Set the writeback_index so that range_cyclic * mode will write it back later */ mapping->writeback_index = mpd.first_page; out_writepages: trace_ext4_writepages_result(inode, wbc, ret, nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write); percpu_up_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); return ret; } static int ext4_dax_writepages(struct address_space *mapping, struct writeback_control *wbc) { int ret; long nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(mapping->host->i_sb); if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; percpu_down_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); trace_ext4_writepages(inode, wbc); ret = dax_writeback_mapping_range(mapping, sbi->s_daxdev, wbc); trace_ext4_writepages_result(inode, wbc, ret, nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write); percpu_up_read(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); return ret; } static int ext4_nonda_switch(struct super_block *sb) { s64 free_clusters, dirty_clusters; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); /* * switch to non delalloc mode if we are running low * on free block. The free block accounting via percpu * counters can get slightly wrong with percpu_counter_batch getting * accumulated on each CPU without updating global counters * Delalloc need an accurate free block accounting. So switch * to non delalloc when we are near to error range. */ free_clusters = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter); dirty_clusters = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter); /* * Start pushing delalloc when 1/2 of free blocks are dirty. */ if (dirty_clusters && (free_clusters < 2 * dirty_clusters)) try_to_writeback_inodes_sb(sb, WB_REASON_FS_FREE_SPACE); if (2 * free_clusters < 3 * dirty_clusters || free_clusters < (dirty_clusters + EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK)) { /* * free block count is less than 150% of dirty blocks * or free blocks is less than watermark */ return 1; } return 0; } /* We always reserve for an inode update; the superblock could be there too */ static int ext4_da_write_credits(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len) { if (likely(ext4_has_feature_large_file(inode->i_sb))) return 1; if (pos + len <= 0x7fffffffULL) return 1; /* We might need to update the superblock to set LARGE_FILE */ return 2; } static int ext4_da_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata) { int ret, retries = 0; struct page *page; pgoff_t index; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; handle_t *handle; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (ext4_nonda_switch(inode->i_sb) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) || ext4_verity_in_progress(inode)) { *fsdata = (void *)FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC; return ext4_write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata); } *fsdata = (void *)0; trace_ext4_da_write_begin(inode, pos, len, flags); if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)) { ret = ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(mapping, inode, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 1) return 0; } /* * grab_cache_page_write_begin() can take a long time if the * system is thrashing due to memory pressure, or if the page * is being written back. So grab it first before we start * the transaction handle. This also allows us to allocate * the page (if needed) without using GFP_NOFS. */ retry_grab: page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, index, flags); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; unlock_page(page); /* * With delayed allocation, we don't log the i_disksize update * if there is delayed block allocation. But we still need * to journalling the i_disksize update if writes to the end * of file which has an already mapped buffer. */ retry_journal: handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, ext4_da_write_credits(inode, pos, len)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { put_page(page); return PTR_ERR(handle); } lock_page(page); if (page->mapping != mapping) { /* The page got truncated from under us */ unlock_page(page); put_page(page); ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto retry_grab; } /* In case writeback began while the page was unlocked */ wait_for_stable_page(page); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION ret = ext4_block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_da_get_block_prep); #else ret = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, ext4_da_get_block_prep); #endif if (ret < 0) { unlock_page(page); ext4_journal_stop(handle); /* * block_write_begin may have instantiated a few blocks * outside i_size. Trim these off again. Don't need * i_size_read because we hold i_mutex. */ if (pos + len > inode->i_size) ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry_journal; put_page(page); return ret; } *pagep = page; return ret; } /* * Check if we should update i_disksize * when write to the end of file but not require block allocation */ static int ext4_da_should_update_i_disksize(struct page *page, unsigned long offset) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; unsigned int idx; int i; bh = page_buffers(page); idx = offset >> inode->i_blkbits; for (i = 0; i < idx; i++) bh = bh->b_this_page; if (!buffer_mapped(bh) || (buffer_delay(bh)) || buffer_unwritten(bh)) return 0; return 1; } static int ext4_da_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; int ret = 0, ret2; handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); loff_t new_i_size; unsigned long start, end; int write_mode = (int)(unsigned long)fsdata; if (write_mode == FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC) return ext4_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); trace_ext4_da_write_end(inode, pos, len, copied); start = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); end = start + copied - 1; /* * Since we are holding inode lock, we are sure i_disksize <= * i_size. We also know that if i_disksize < i_size, there are * delalloc writes pending in the range upto i_size. If the end of * the current write is <= i_size, there's no need to touch * i_disksize since writeback will push i_disksize upto i_size * eventually. If the end of the current write is > i_size and * inside an allocated block (ext4_da_should_update_i_disksize() * check), we need to update i_disksize here as neither * ext4_writepage() nor certain ext4_writepages() paths not * allocating blocks update i_disksize. * * Note that we defer inode dirtying to generic_write_end() / * ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(). */ new_i_size = pos + copied; if (copied && new_i_size > inode->i_size) { if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode) || ext4_da_should_update_i_disksize(page, end)) ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, new_i_size); } if (write_mode != CONVERT_INLINE_DATA && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA) && ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) ret = ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(inode, pos, len, copied, page); else ret = generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); copied = ret; ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (unlikely(ret2 && !ret)) ret = ret2; return ret ? ret : copied; } /* * Force all delayed allocation blocks to be allocated for a given inode. */ int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode) { trace_ext4_alloc_da_blocks(inode); if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks) return 0; /* * We do something simple for now. The filemap_flush() will * also start triggering a write of the data blocks, which is * not strictly speaking necessary (and for users of * laptop_mode, not even desirable). However, to do otherwise * would require replicating code paths in: * * ext4_writepages() -> * write_cache_pages() ---> (via passed in callback function) * __mpage_da_writepage() --> * mpage_add_bh_to_extent() * mpage_da_map_blocks() * * The problem is that write_cache_pages(), located in * mm/page-writeback.c, marks pages clean in preparation for * doing I/O, which is not desirable if we're not planning on * doing I/O at all. * * We could call write_cache_pages(), and then redirty all of * the pages by calling redirty_page_for_writepage() but that * would be ugly in the extreme. So instead we would need to * replicate parts of the code in the above functions, * simplifying them because we wouldn't actually intend to * write out the pages, but rather only collect contiguous * logical block extents, call the multi-block allocator, and * then update the buffer heads with the block allocations. * * For now, though, we'll cheat by calling filemap_flush(), * which will map the blocks, and start the I/O, but not * actually wait for the I/O to complete. */ return filemap_flush(inode->i_mapping); } /* * bmap() is special. It gets used by applications such as lilo and by * the swapper to find the on-disk block of a specific piece of data. * * Naturally, this is dangerous if the block concerned is still in the * journal. If somebody makes a swapfile on an ext4 data-journaling * filesystem and enables swap, then they may get a nasty shock when the * data getting swapped to that swapfile suddenly gets overwritten by * the original zero's written out previously to the journal and * awaiting writeback in the kernel's buffer cache. * * So, if we see any bmap calls here on a modified, data-journaled file, * take extra steps to flush any blocks which might be in the cache. */ static sector_t ext4_bmap(struct address_space *mapping, sector_t block) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; journal_t *journal; int err; /* * We can get here for an inline file via the FIBMAP ioctl */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return 0; if (mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY) && test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC)) { /* * With delalloc we want to sync the file * so that we can make sure we allocate * blocks for file */ filemap_write_and_wait(mapping); } if (EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA)) { /* * This is a REALLY heavyweight approach, but the use of * bmap on dirty files is expected to be extremely rare: * only if we run lilo or swapon on a freshly made file * do we expect this to happen. * * (bmap requires CAP_SYS_RAWIO so this does not * represent an unprivileged user DOS attack --- we'd be * in trouble if mortal users could trigger this path at * will.) * * NB. EXT4_STATE_JDATA is not set on files other than * regular files. If somebody wants to bmap a directory * or symlink and gets confused because the buffer * hasn't yet been flushed to disk, they deserve * everything they get. */ ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA); journal = EXT4_JOURNAL(inode); jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal); err = jbd2_journal_flush(journal); jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(journal); if (err) return 0; } return iomap_bmap(mapping, block, &ext4_iomap_ops); } static int ext4_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page) { int ret = -EAGAIN; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; trace_ext4_readpage(page); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) ret = ext4_readpage_inline(inode, page); if (ret == -EAGAIN) return ext4_mpage_readpages(inode, NULL, page); return ret; } static void ext4_readahead(struct readahead_control *rac) { struct inode *inode = rac->mapping->host; /* If the file has inline data, no need to do readahead. */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return; ext4_mpage_readpages(inode, rac, NULL); } static void ext4_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { trace_ext4_invalidatepage(page, offset, length); /* No journalling happens on data buffers when this function is used */ WARN_ON(page_has_buffers(page) && buffer_jbd(page_buffers(page))); block_invalidatepage(page, offset, length); } static int __ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_JOURNAL(page->mapping->host); trace_ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(page, offset, length); /* * If it's a full truncate we just forget about the pending dirtying */ if (offset == 0 && length == PAGE_SIZE) ClearPageChecked(page); return jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal, page, offset, length); } /* Wrapper for aops... */ static void ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { WARN_ON(__ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(page, offset, length) < 0); } static int ext4_releasepage(struct page *page, gfp_t wait) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_JOURNAL(page->mapping->host); trace_ext4_releasepage(page); /* Page has dirty journalled data -> cannot release */ if (PageChecked(page)) return 0; if (journal) return jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal, page); else return try_to_free_buffers(page); } static bool ext4_inode_datasync_dirty(struct inode *inode) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal; if (journal) { if (jbd2_transaction_committed(journal, EXT4_I(inode)->i_datasync_tid)) return false; if (test_opt2(inode->i_sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT)) return !list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list); return true; } /* Any metadata buffers to write? */ if (!list_empty(&inode->i_mapping->private_list)) return true; return inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_DATASYNC; } static void ext4_set_iomap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, loff_t offset, loff_t length) { u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; /* * Writes that span EOF might trigger an I/O size update on completion, * so consider them to be dirty for the purpose of O_DSYNC, even if * there is no other metadata changes being made or are pending. */ iomap->flags = 0; if (ext4_inode_datasync_dirty(inode) || offset + length > i_size_read(inode)) iomap->flags |= IOMAP_F_DIRTY; if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) iomap->flags |= IOMAP_F_NEW; iomap->bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev; iomap->dax_dev = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_daxdev; iomap->offset = (u64) map->m_lblk << blkbits; iomap->length = (u64) map->m_len << blkbits; if ((map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) && !ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) iomap->flags |= IOMAP_F_MERGED; /* * Flags passed to ext4_map_blocks() for direct I/O writes can result * in m_flags having both EXT4_MAP_MAPPED and EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN bits * set. In order for any allocated unwritten extents to be converted * into written extents correctly within the ->end_io() handler, we * need to ensure that the iomap->type is set appropriately. Hence, the * reason why we need to check whether the EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN bit has * been set first. */ if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) { iomap->type = IOMAP_UNWRITTEN; iomap->addr = (u64) map->m_pblk << blkbits; } else if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED) { iomap->type = IOMAP_MAPPED; iomap->addr = (u64) map->m_pblk << blkbits; } else { iomap->type = IOMAP_HOLE; iomap->addr = IOMAP_NULL_ADDR; } } static int ext4_iomap_alloc(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, unsigned int flags) { handle_t *handle; u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; int ret, dio_credits, m_flags = 0, retries = 0; /* * Trim the mapping request to the maximum value that we can map at * once for direct I/O. */ if (map->m_len > DIO_MAX_BLOCKS) map->m_len = DIO_MAX_BLOCKS; dio_credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, map->m_len); retry: /* * Either we allocate blocks and then don't get an unwritten extent, so * in that case we have reserved enough credits. Or, the blocks are * already allocated and unwritten. In that case, the extent conversion * fits into the credits as well. */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, dio_credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); /* * DAX and direct I/O are the only two operations that are currently * supported with IOMAP_WRITE. */ WARN_ON(!IS_DAX(inode) && !(flags & IOMAP_DIRECT)); if (IS_DAX(inode)) m_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO; /* * We use i_size instead of i_disksize here because delalloc writeback * can complete at any point during the I/O and subsequently push the * i_disksize out to i_size. This could be beyond where direct I/O is * happening and thus expose allocated blocks to direct I/O reads. */ else if (((loff_t)map->m_lblk << blkbits) >= i_size_read(inode)) m_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE; else if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) m_flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT; ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, m_flags); /* * We cannot fill holes in indirect tree based inodes as that could * expose stale data in the case of a crash. Use the magic error code * to fallback to buffered I/O. */ if (!m_flags && !ret) ret = -ENOTBLK; ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return ret; } static int ext4_iomap_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int ret; struct ext4_map_blocks map; u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; if ((offset >> blkbits) > EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) return -EINVAL; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_inline_data(inode))) return -ERANGE; /* * Calculate the first and last logical blocks respectively. */ map.m_lblk = offset >> blkbits; map.m_len = min_t(loff_t, (offset + length - 1) >> blkbits, EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) - map.m_lblk + 1; if (flags & IOMAP_WRITE) { /* * We check here if the blocks are already allocated, then we * don't need to start a journal txn and we can directly return * the mapping information. This could boost performance * especially in multi-threaded overwrite requests. */ if (offset + length <= i_size_read(inode)) { ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret > 0 && (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED)) goto out; } ret = ext4_iomap_alloc(inode, &map, flags); } else { ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); } if (ret < 0) return ret; out: ext4_set_iomap(inode, iomap, &map, offset, length); return 0; } static int ext4_iomap_overwrite_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int ret; /* * Even for writes we don't need to allocate blocks, so just pretend * we are reading to save overhead of starting a transaction. */ flags &= ~IOMAP_WRITE; ret = ext4_iomap_begin(inode, offset, length, flags, iomap, srcmap); WARN_ON_ONCE(iomap->type != IOMAP_MAPPED); return ret; } static int ext4_iomap_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, ssize_t written, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap) { /* * Check to see whether an error occurred while writing out the data to * the allocated blocks. If so, return the magic error code so that we * fallback to buffered I/O and attempt to complete the remainder of * the I/O. Any blocks that may have been allocated in preparation for * the direct I/O will be reused during buffered I/O. */ if (flags & (IOMAP_WRITE | IOMAP_DIRECT) && written == 0) return -ENOTBLK; return 0; } const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_begin, .iomap_end = ext4_iomap_end, }; const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_overwrite_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_overwrite_begin, .iomap_end = ext4_iomap_end, }; static bool ext4_iomap_is_delalloc(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map) { struct extent_status es; ext4_lblk_t offset = 0, end = map->m_lblk + map->m_len - 1; ext4_es_find_extent_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, map->m_lblk, end, &es); if (!es.es_len || es.es_lblk > end) return false; if (es.es_lblk > map->m_lblk) { map->m_len = es.es_lblk - map->m_lblk; return false; } offset = map->m_lblk - es.es_lblk; map->m_len = es.es_len - offset; return true; } static int ext4_iomap_begin_report(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned int flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int ret; bool delalloc = false; struct ext4_map_blocks map; u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; if ((offset >> blkbits) > EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) return -EINVAL; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_inline_data_iomap(inode, iomap); if (ret != -EAGAIN) { if (ret == 0 && offset >= iomap->length) ret = -ENOENT; return ret; } } /* * Calculate the first and last logical block respectively. */ map.m_lblk = offset >> blkbits; map.m_len = min_t(loff_t, (offset + length - 1) >> blkbits, EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK) - map.m_lblk + 1; /* * Fiemap callers may call for offset beyond s_bitmap_maxbytes. * So handle it here itself instead of querying ext4_map_blocks(). * Since ext4_map_blocks() will warn about it and will return * -EIO error. */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); if (offset >= sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes) { map.m_flags = 0; goto set_iomap; } } ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) delalloc = ext4_iomap_is_delalloc(inode, &map); set_iomap: ext4_set_iomap(inode, iomap, &map, offset, length); if (delalloc && iomap->type == IOMAP_HOLE) iomap->type = IOMAP_DELALLOC; return 0; } const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_report_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_begin_report, }; /* * Pages can be marked dirty completely asynchronously from ext4's journalling * activity. By filemap_sync_pte(), try_to_unmap_one(), etc. We cannot do * much here because ->set_page_dirty is called under VFS locks. The page is * not necessarily locked. * * We cannot just dirty the page and leave attached buffers clean, because the * buffers' dirty state is "definitive". We cannot just set the buffers dirty * or jbddirty because all the journalling code will explode. * * So what we do is to mark the page "pending dirty" and next time writepage * is called, propagate that into the buffers appropriately. */ static int ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty(struct page *page) { SetPageChecked(page); return __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(page); } static int ext4_set_page_dirty(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageLocked(page) && !PageDirty(page)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!page_has_buffers(page)); return __set_page_dirty_buffers(page); } static int ext4_iomap_swap_activate(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span) { return iomap_swapfile_activate(sis, file, span, &ext4_iomap_report_ops); } static const struct address_space_operations ext4_aops = { .readpage = ext4_readpage, .readahead = ext4_readahead, .writepage = ext4_writepage, .writepages = ext4_writepages, .write_begin = ext4_write_begin, .write_end = ext4_write_end, .set_page_dirty = ext4_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage, .releasepage = ext4_releasepage, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page, .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate, .error_remove_page = generic_error_remove_page, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; static const struct address_space_operations ext4_journalled_aops = { .readpage = ext4_readpage, .readahead = ext4_readahead, .writepage = ext4_writepage, .writepages = ext4_writepages, .write_begin = ext4_write_begin, .write_end = ext4_journalled_write_end, .set_page_dirty = ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = ext4_journalled_invalidatepage, .releasepage = ext4_releasepage, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate, .error_remove_page = generic_error_remove_page, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; static const struct address_space_operations ext4_da_aops = { .readpage = ext4_readpage, .readahead = ext4_readahead, .writepage = ext4_writepage, .writepages = ext4_writepages, .write_begin = ext4_da_write_begin, .write_end = ext4_da_write_end, .set_page_dirty = ext4_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage, .releasepage = ext4_releasepage, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page, .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate, .error_remove_page = generic_error_remove_page, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; static const struct address_space_operations ext4_dax_aops = { .writepages = ext4_dax_writepages, .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO, .set_page_dirty = noop_set_page_dirty, .bmap = ext4_bmap, .invalidatepage = noop_invalidatepage, .swap_activate = ext4_iomap_swap_activate, }; void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode) { switch (ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode)) { case EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE: case EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE: break; case EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE: inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_journalled_aops; return; default: BUG(); } if (IS_DAX(inode)) inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_dax_aops; else if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC)) inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_da_aops; else inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ext4_aops; } static int __ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle_t *handle, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from, loff_t length) { ext4_fsblk_t index = from >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned blocksize, pos; ext4_lblk_t iblock; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct buffer_head *bh; struct page *page; int err = 0; page = find_or_create_page(mapping, from >> PAGE_SHIFT, mapping_gfp_constraint(mapping, ~__GFP_FS)); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; iblock = index << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) create_empty_buffers(page, blocksize, 0); /* Find the buffer that contains "offset" */ bh = page_buffers(page); pos = blocksize; while (offset >= pos) { bh = bh->b_this_page; iblock++; pos += blocksize; } if (buffer_freed(bh)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "freed: skip"); goto unlock; } if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "unmapped"); ext4_get_block(inode, iblock, bh, 0); /* unmapped? It's a hole - nothing to do */ if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "still unmapped"); goto unlock; } } /* Ok, it's mapped. Make sure it's up-to-date */ if (PageUptodate(page)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { err = ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, 0, true); if (err) goto unlock; if (fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto(inode)) { /* We expect the key to be set. */ BUG_ON(!fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode)); err = fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(page, blocksize, bh_offset(bh)); if (err) { clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); goto unlock; } } } if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get write access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto unlock; } zero_user(page, offset, length); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "zeroed end of block"); if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } else { err = 0; mark_buffer_dirty(bh); if (ext4_should_order_data(inode)) err = ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle, inode, from, length); } unlock: unlock_page(page); put_page(page); return err; } /* * ext4_block_zero_page_range() zeros out a mapping of length 'length' * starting from file offset 'from'. The range to be zero'd must * be contained with in one block. If the specified range exceeds * the end of the block it will be shortened to end of the block * that cooresponds to 'from' */ static int ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle_t *handle, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from, loff_t length) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned max = blocksize - (offset & (blocksize - 1)); /* * correct length if it does not fall between * 'from' and the end of the block */ if (length > max || length < 0) length = max; if (IS_DAX(inode)) { return iomap_zero_range(inode, from, length, NULL, &ext4_iomap_ops); } return __ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, from, length); } /* * ext4_block_truncate_page() zeroes out a mapping from file offset `from' * up to the end of the block which corresponds to `from'. * This required during truncate. We need to physically zero the tail end * of that block so it doesn't yield old data if the file is later grown. */ static int ext4_block_truncate_page(handle_t *handle, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from) { unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned length; unsigned blocksize; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; /* If we are processing an encrypted inode during orphan list handling */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && !fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode)) return 0; blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; length = blocksize - (offset & (blocksize - 1)); return ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, from, length); } int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t length) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; unsigned partial_start, partial_end; ext4_fsblk_t start, end; loff_t byte_end = (lstart + length - 1); int err = 0; partial_start = lstart & (sb->s_blocksize - 1); partial_end = byte_end & (sb->s_blocksize - 1); start = lstart >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; end = byte_end >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; /* Handle partial zero within the single block */ if (start == end && (partial_start || (partial_end != sb->s_blocksize - 1))) { err = ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, lstart, length); return err; } /* Handle partial zero out on the start of the range */ if (partial_start) { err = ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, lstart, sb->s_blocksize); if (err) return err; } /* Handle partial zero out on the end of the range */ if (partial_end != sb->s_blocksize - 1) err = ext4_block_zero_page_range(handle, mapping, byte_end - partial_end, partial_end + 1); return err; } int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return 1; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return 1; if (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) return !ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(inode); return 0; } /* * We have to make sure i_disksize gets properly updated before we truncate * page cache due to hole punching or zero range. Otherwise i_disksize update * can get lost as it may have been postponed to submission of writeback but * that will never happen after we truncate page cache. */ int ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { handle_t *handle; int ret; loff_t size = i_size_read(inode); WARN_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode)); if (offset > size || offset + len < size) return 0; if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize >= size) return 0; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MISC, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, size); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); return ret; } static void ext4_wait_dax_page(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { up_write(&ei->i_mmap_sem); schedule(); down_write(&ei->i_mmap_sem); } int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct page *page; int error; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!rwsem_is_locked(&ei->i_mmap_sem))) return -EINVAL; do { page = dax_layout_busy_page(inode->i_mapping); if (!page) return 0; error = ___wait_var_event(&page->_refcount, atomic_read(&page->_refcount) == 1, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, ext4_wait_dax_page(ei)); } while (error == 0); return error; } /* * ext4_punch_hole: punches a hole in a file by releasing the blocks * associated with the given offset and length * * @inode: File inode * @offset: The offset where the hole will begin * @len: The length of the hole * * Returns: 0 on success or negative on failure */ int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t first_block, stop_block; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; loff_t first_block_offset, last_block_offset; handle_t *handle; unsigned int credits; int ret = 0, ret2 = 0; trace_ext4_punch_hole(inode, offset, length, 0); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); if (ret) return ret; } /* * Write out all dirty pages to avoid race conditions * Then release them. */ if (mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) { ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, offset, offset + length - 1); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* No need to punch hole beyond i_size */ if (offset >= inode->i_size) goto out_mutex; /* * If the hole extends beyond i_size, set the hole * to end after the page that contains i_size */ if (offset + length > inode->i_size) { length = inode->i_size + PAGE_SIZE - (inode->i_size & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) - offset; } if (offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1) || (offset + length) & (sb->s_blocksize - 1)) { /* * Attach jinode to inode for jbd2 if we do any zeroing of * partial block */ ret = ext4_inode_attach_jinode(inode); if (ret < 0) goto out_mutex; } /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_dio; first_block_offset = round_up(offset, sb->s_blocksize); last_block_offset = round_down((offset + length), sb->s_blocksize) - 1; /* Now release the pages and zero block aligned part of pages*/ if (last_block_offset > first_block_offset) { ret = ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(inode, offset, length); if (ret) goto out_dio; truncate_pagecache_range(inode, first_block_offset, last_block_offset); } if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); else credits = ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_std_error(sb, ret); goto out_dio; } ret = ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle, inode, offset, length); if (ret) goto out_stop; first_block = (offset + sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); stop_block = (offset + length) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* If there are blocks to remove, do it */ if (stop_block > first_block) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, first_block, stop_block - first_block); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, first_block, stop_block - 1); else ret = ext4_ind_remove_space(handle, inode, first_block, stop_block); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, first_block, stop_block); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(ret2)) ret = ret2; if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_dio: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct jbd2_inode *jinode; if (ei->jinode || !EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal) return 0; jinode = jbd2_alloc_inode(GFP_KERNEL); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (!ei->jinode) { if (!jinode) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return -ENOMEM; } ei->jinode = jinode; jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(ei->jinode, inode); jinode = NULL; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (unlikely(jinode != NULL)) jbd2_free_inode(jinode); return 0; } /* * ext4_truncate() * * We block out ext4_get_block() block instantiations across the entire * transaction, and VFS/VM ensures that ext4_truncate() cannot run * simultaneously on behalf of the same inode. * * As we work through the truncate and commit bits of it to the journal there * is one core, guiding principle: the file's tree must always be consistent on * disk. We must be able to restart the truncate after a crash. * * The file's tree may be transiently inconsistent in memory (although it * probably isn't), but whenever we close off and commit a journal transaction, * the contents of (the filesystem + the journal) must be consistent and * restartable. It's pretty simple, really: bottom up, right to left (although * left-to-right works OK too). * * Note that at recovery time, journal replay occurs *before* the restart of * truncate against the orphan inode list. * * The committed inode has the new, desired i_size (which is the same as * i_disksize in this case). After a crash, ext4_orphan_cleanup() will see * that this inode's truncate did not complete and it will again call * ext4_truncate() to have another go. So there will be instantiated blocks * to the right of the truncation point in a crashed ext4 filesystem. But * that's fine - as long as they are linked from the inode, the post-crash * ext4_truncate() run will find them and release them. */ int ext4_truncate(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); unsigned int credits; int err = 0, err2; handle_t *handle; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; /* * There is a possibility that we're either freeing the inode * or it's a completely new inode. In those cases we might not * have i_mutex locked because it's not necessary. */ if (!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW|I_FREEING))) WARN_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode)); trace_ext4_truncate_enter(inode); if (!ext4_can_truncate(inode)) goto out_trace; if (inode->i_size == 0 && !test_opt(inode->i_sb, NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC)) ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE); if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline = 1; err = ext4_inline_data_truncate(inode, &has_inline); if (err || has_inline) goto out_trace; } /* If we zero-out tail of the page, we have to create jinode for jbd2 */ if (inode->i_size & (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1)) { if (ext4_inode_attach_jinode(inode) < 0) goto out_trace; } if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); else credits = ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_trace; } if (inode->i_size & (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1)) ext4_block_truncate_page(handle, mapping, inode->i_size); /* * We add the inode to the orphan list, so that if this * truncate spans multiple transactions, and we crash, we will * resume the truncate when the filesystem recovers. It also * marks the inode dirty, to catch the new size. * * Implication: the file must always be in a sane, consistent * truncatable state while each transaction commits. */ err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (err) goto out_stop; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) err = ext4_ext_truncate(handle, inode); else ext4_ind_truncate(handle, inode); up_write(&ei->i_data_sem); if (err) goto out_stop; if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_stop: /* * If this was a simple ftruncate() and the file will remain alive, * then we need to clear up the orphan record which we created above. * However, if this was a real unlink then we were called by * ext4_evict_inode(), and we allow that function to clean up the * orphan info for us. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(err2 && !err)) err = err2; ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_trace: trace_ext4_truncate_exit(inode); return err; } /* * ext4_get_inode_loc returns with an extra refcount against the inode's * underlying buffer_head on success. If 'in_mem' is true, we have all * data in memory that is needed to recreate the on-disk version of this * inode. */ static int __ext4_get_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc, int in_mem, ext4_fsblk_t *ret_block) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_fsblk_t block; struct blk_plug plug; int inodes_per_block, inode_offset; iloc->bh = NULL; if (ino < EXT4_ROOT_INO || ino > le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; iloc->block_group = (ino - 1) / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, iloc->block_group, NULL); if (!gdp) return -EIO; /* * Figure out the offset within the block group inode table */ inodes_per_block = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inodes_per_block; inode_offset = ((ino - 1) % EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)); block = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp) + (inode_offset / inodes_per_block); iloc->offset = (inode_offset % inodes_per_block) * EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb); bh = sb_getblk(sb, block); if (unlikely(!bh)) return -ENOMEM; if (ext4_simulate_fail(sb, EXT4_SIM_INODE_EIO)) goto simulate_eio; if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { lock_buffer(bh); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) { /* someone brought it uptodate while we waited */ unlock_buffer(bh); goto has_buffer; } /* * If we have all information of the inode in memory and this * is the only valid inode in the block, we need not read the * block. */ if (in_mem) { struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh; int i, start; start = inode_offset & ~(inodes_per_block - 1); /* Is the inode bitmap in cache? */ bitmap_bh = sb_getblk(sb, ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp)); if (unlikely(!bitmap_bh)) goto make_io; /* * If the inode bitmap isn't in cache then the * optimisation may end up performing two reads instead * of one, so skip it. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bitmap_bh)) { brelse(bitmap_bh); goto make_io; } for (i = start; i < start + inodes_per_block; i++) { if (i == inode_offset) continue; if (ext4_test_bit(i, bitmap_bh->b_data)) break; } brelse(bitmap_bh); if (i == start + inodes_per_block) { /* all other inodes are free, so skip I/O */ memset(bh->b_data, 0, bh->b_size); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); goto has_buffer; } } make_io: /* * If we need to do any I/O, try to pre-readahead extra * blocks from the inode table. */ blk_start_plug(&plug); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inode_readahead_blks) { ext4_fsblk_t b, end, table; unsigned num; __u32 ra_blks = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inode_readahead_blks; table = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp); /* s_inode_readahead_blks is always a power of 2 */ b = block & ~((ext4_fsblk_t) ra_blks - 1); if (table > b) b = table; end = b + ra_blks; num = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) num -= ext4_itable_unused_count(sb, gdp); table += num / inodes_per_block; if (end > table) end = table; while (b <= end) ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(sb, b++); } /* * There are other valid inodes in the buffer, this inode * has in-inode xattrs, or we don't have this inode in memory. * Read the block from disk. */ trace_ext4_load_inode(sb, ino); ext4_read_bh_nowait(bh, REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, NULL); blk_finish_plug(&plug); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { simulate_eio: if (ret_block) *ret_block = block; brelse(bh); return -EIO; } } has_buffer: iloc->bh = bh; return 0; } static int __ext4_get_inode_loc_noinmem(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { ext4_fsblk_t err_blk; int ret; ret = __ext4_get_inode_loc(inode->i_sb, inode->i_ino, iloc, 0, &err_blk); if (ret == -EIO) ext4_error_inode_block(inode, err_blk, EIO, "unable to read itable block"); return ret; } int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { ext4_fsblk_t err_blk; int ret; /* We have all inode data except xattrs in memory here. */ ret = __ext4_get_inode_loc(inode->i_sb, inode->i_ino, iloc, !ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR), &err_blk); if (ret == -EIO) ext4_error_inode_block(inode, err_blk, EIO, "unable to read itable block"); return ret; } int ext4_get_fc_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { return __ext4_get_inode_loc(sb, ino, iloc, 0, NULL); } static bool ext4_should_enable_dax(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); if (test_opt2(inode->i_sb, DAX_NEVER)) return false; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return false; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return false; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return false; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT)) return false; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_VERITY)) return false; if (!test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX, &sbi->s_ext4_flags)) return false; if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DAX_ALWAYS)) return true; return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_DAX); } void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *inode, bool init) { unsigned int flags = EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags; unsigned int new_fl = 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_DAX(inode) && init); if (flags & EXT4_SYNC_FL) new_fl |= S_SYNC; if (flags & EXT4_APPEND_FL) new_fl |= S_APPEND; if (flags & EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL) new_fl |= S_IMMUTABLE; if (flags & EXT4_NOATIME_FL) new_fl |= S_NOATIME; if (flags & EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL) new_fl |= S_DIRSYNC; /* Because of the way inode_set_flags() works we must preserve S_DAX * here if already set. */ new_fl |= (inode->i_flags & S_DAX); if (init && ext4_should_enable_dax(inode)) new_fl |= S_DAX; if (flags & EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL) new_fl |= S_ENCRYPTED; if (flags & EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) new_fl |= S_CASEFOLD; if (flags & EXT4_VERITY_FL) new_fl |= S_VERITY; inode_set_flags(inode, new_fl, S_SYNC|S_APPEND|S_IMMUTABLE|S_NOATIME|S_DIRSYNC|S_DAX| S_ENCRYPTED|S_CASEFOLD|S_VERITY); } static blkcnt_t ext4_inode_blocks(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { blkcnt_t i_blocks ; struct inode *inode = &(ei->vfs_inode); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; if (ext4_has_feature_huge_file(sb)) { /* we are using combined 48 bit field */ i_blocks = ((u64)le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_blocks_high)) << 32 | le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_blocks_lo); if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE)) { /* i_blocks represent file system block size */ return i_blocks << (inode->i_blkbits - 9); } else { return i_blocks; } } else { return le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_blocks_lo); } } static inline int ext4_iget_extra_inode(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { __le32 *magic = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + ei->i_extra_isize; if (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + ei->i_extra_isize + sizeof(__le32) <= EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) && *magic == cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC)) { ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR); return ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(inode); } else EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off = 0; return 0; } int ext4_get_projid(struct inode *inode, kprojid_t *projid) { if (!ext4_has_feature_project(inode->i_sb)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; *projid = EXT4_I(inode)->i_projid; return 0; } /* * ext4 has self-managed i_version for ea inodes, it stores the lower 32bit of * refcount in i_version, so use raw values if inode has EXT4_EA_INODE_FL flag * set. */ static inline void ext4_inode_set_iversion_queried(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { if (unlikely(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, val); else inode_set_iversion_queried(inode, val); } static inline u64 ext4_inode_peek_iversion(const struct inode *inode) { if (unlikely(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); else return inode_peek_iversion(inode); } struct inode *__ext4_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, ext4_iget_flags flags, const char *function, unsigned int line) { struct ext4_iloc iloc; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_inode_info *ei; struct inode *inode; journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; long ret; loff_t size; int block; uid_t i_uid; gid_t i_gid; projid_t i_projid; if ((!(flags & EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL) && (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino != EXT4_ROOT_INO)) || (ino < EXT4_ROOT_INO) || (ino > le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count))) { if (flags & EXT4_IGET_HANDLE) return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); __ext4_error(sb, function, line, EFSCORRUPTED, 0, "inode #%lu: comm %s: iget: illegal inode #", ino, current->comm); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } inode = iget_locked(sb, ino); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!(inode->i_state & I_NEW)) return inode; ei = EXT4_I(inode); iloc.bh = NULL; ret = __ext4_get_inode_loc_noinmem(inode, &iloc); if (ret < 0) goto bad_inode; raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc); if ((ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO) && (raw_inode->i_links_count == 0)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: root inode unallocated"); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto bad_inode; } if ((flags & EXT4_IGET_HANDLE) && (raw_inode->i_links_count == 0) && (raw_inode->i_mode == 0)) { ret = -ESTALE; goto bad_inode; } if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) { ei->i_extra_isize = le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_extra_isize); if (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + ei->i_extra_isize > EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) || (ei->i_extra_isize & 3)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: bad extra_isize %u " "(inode size %u)", ei->i_extra_isize, EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb)); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto bad_inode; } } else ei->i_extra_isize = 0; /* Precompute checksum seed for inode metadata */ if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 csum; __le32 inum = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); __le32 gen = raw_inode->i_generation; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)&inum, sizeof(inum)); ei->i_csum_seed = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&gen, sizeof(gen)); } if ((!ext4_inode_csum_verify(inode, raw_inode, ei) || ext4_simulate_fail(sb, EXT4_SIM_INODE_CRC)) && (!(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY))) { ext4_error_inode_err(inode, function, line, 0, EFSBADCRC, "iget: checksum invalid"); ret = -EFSBADCRC; goto bad_inode; } inode->i_mode = le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_mode); i_uid = (uid_t)le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_uid_low); i_gid = (gid_t)le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_gid_low); if (ext4_has_feature_project(sb) && EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE && EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, ei, i_projid)) i_projid = (projid_t)le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_projid); else i_projid = EXT4_DEF_PROJID; if (!(test_opt(inode->i_sb, NO_UID32))) { i_uid |= le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_uid_high) << 16; i_gid |= le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_gid_high) << 16; } i_uid_write(inode, i_uid); i_gid_write(inode, i_gid); ei->i_projid = make_kprojid(&init_user_ns, i_projid); set_nlink(inode, le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_links_count)); ext4_clear_state_flags(ei); /* Only relevant on 32-bit archs */ ei->i_inline_off = 0; ei->i_dir_start_lookup = 0; ei->i_dtime = le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_dtime); /* We now have enough fields to check if the inode was active or not. * This is needed because nfsd might try to access dead inodes * the test is that same one that e2fsck uses * NeilBrown 1999oct15 */ if (inode->i_nlink == 0) { if ((inode->i_mode == 0 || !(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ORPHAN_FS)) && ino != EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO) { /* this inode is deleted */ ret = -ESTALE; goto bad_inode; } /* The only unlinked inodes we let through here have * valid i_mode and are being read by the orphan * recovery code: that's fine, we're about to complete * the process of deleting those. * OR it is the EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO which is * not initialized on a new filesystem. */ } ei->i_flags = le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_flags); ext4_set_inode_flags(inode, true); inode->i_blocks = ext4_inode_blocks(raw_inode, ei); ei->i_file_acl = le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_file_acl_lo); if (ext4_has_feature_64bit(sb)) ei->i_file_acl |= ((__u64)le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_file_acl_high)) << 32; inode->i_size = ext4_isize(sb, raw_inode); if ((size = i_size_read(inode)) < 0) { ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: bad i_size value: %lld", size); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto bad_inode; } /* * If dir_index is not enabled but there's dir with INDEX flag set, * we'd normally treat htree data as empty space. But with metadata * checksumming that corrupts checksums so forbid that. */ if (!ext4_has_feature_dir_index(sb) && ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb) && ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: Dir with htree data on filesystem without dir_index feature."); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto bad_inode; } ei->i_disksize = inode->i_size; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ei->i_reserved_quota = 0; #endif inode->i_generation = le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_generation); ei->i_block_group = iloc.block_group; ei->i_last_alloc_group = ~0; /* * NOTE! The in-memory inode i_data array is in little-endian order * even on big-endian machines: we do NOT byteswap the block numbers! */ for (block = 0; block < EXT4_N_BLOCKS; block++) ei->i_data[block] = raw_inode->i_block[block]; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_orphan); ext4_fc_init_inode(&ei->vfs_inode); /* * Set transaction id's of transactions that have to be committed * to finish f[data]sync. We set them to currently running transaction * as we cannot be sure that the inode or some of its metadata isn't * part of the transaction - the inode could have been reclaimed and * now it is reread from disk. */ if (journal) { transaction_t *transaction; tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_running_transaction) transaction = journal->j_running_transaction; else transaction = journal->j_committing_transaction; if (transaction) tid = transaction->t_tid; else tid = journal->j_commit_sequence; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); ei->i_sync_tid = tid; ei->i_datasync_tid = tid; } if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) { if (ei->i_extra_isize == 0) { /* The extra space is currently unused. Use it. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct ext4_inode) & 3); ei->i_extra_isize = sizeof(struct ext4_inode) - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE; } else { ret = ext4_iget_extra_inode(inode, raw_inode, ei); if (ret) goto bad_inode; } } EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(i_ctime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(i_mtime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(i_atime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(i_crtime, ei, raw_inode); if (likely(!test_opt2(inode->i_sb, HURD_COMPAT))) { u64 ivers = le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_disk_version); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) { if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, ei, i_version_hi)) ivers |= (__u64)(le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_version_hi)) << 32; } ext4_inode_set_iversion_queried(inode, ivers); } ret = 0; if (ei->i_file_acl && !ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, ei->i_file_acl, 1)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: bad extended attribute block %llu", ei->i_file_acl); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto bad_inode; } else if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { /* validate the block references in the inode */ if (!(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) && (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) && !ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(inode)))) { if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) ret = ext4_ext_check_inode(inode); else ret = ext4_ind_check_inode(inode); } } if (ret) goto bad_inode; if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); } else if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_dir_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_dir_operations; } else if (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) { /* VFS does not allow setting these so must be corruption */ if (IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: immutable or append flags " "not allowed on symlinks"); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto bad_inode; } if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); } else if (ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(inode)) { inode->i_link = (char *)ei->i_data; inode->i_op = &ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; nd_terminate_link(ei->i_data, inode->i_size, sizeof(ei->i_data) - 1); } else { inode->i_op = &ext4_symlink_inode_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); } inode_nohighmem(inode); } else if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode) || S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode) || S_ISSOCK(inode->i_mode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_special_inode_operations; if (raw_inode->i_block[0]) init_special_inode(inode, inode->i_mode, old_decode_dev(le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_block[0]))); else init_special_inode(inode, inode->i_mode, new_decode_dev(le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_block[1]))); } else if (ino == EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO) { make_bad_inode(inode); } else { ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "iget: bogus i_mode (%o)", inode->i_mode); goto bad_inode; } if (IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) && !ext4_has_feature_casefold(inode->i_sb)) ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, "casefold flag without casefold feature"); brelse(iloc.bh); unlock_new_inode(inode); return inode; bad_inode: brelse(iloc.bh); iget_failed(inode); return ERR_PTR(ret); } static int ext4_inode_blocks_set(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { struct inode *inode = &(ei->vfs_inode); u64 i_blocks = READ_ONCE(inode->i_blocks); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; if (i_blocks <= ~0U) { /* * i_blocks can be represented in a 32 bit variable * as multiple of 512 bytes */ raw_inode->i_blocks_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_blocks); raw_inode->i_blocks_high = 0; ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE); return 0; } if (!ext4_has_feature_huge_file(sb)) return -EFBIG; if (i_blocks <= 0xffffffffffffULL) { /* * i_blocks can be represented in a 48 bit variable * as multiple of 512 bytes */ raw_inode->i_blocks_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_blocks); raw_inode->i_blocks_high = cpu_to_le16(i_blocks >> 32); ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE); } else { ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE); /* i_block is stored in file system block size */ i_blocks = i_blocks >> (inode->i_blkbits - 9); raw_inode->i_blocks_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_blocks); raw_inode->i_blocks_high = cpu_to_le16(i_blocks >> 32); } return 0; } static void __ext4_update_other_inode_time(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long orig_ino, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode) { struct inode *inode; inode = find_inode_by_ino_rcu(sb, ino); if (!inode) return; if ((inode->i_state & (I_FREEING | I_WILL_FREE | I_NEW | I_DIRTY_INODE)) || ((inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME) == 0)) return; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (((inode->i_state & (I_FREEING | I_WILL_FREE | I_NEW | I_DIRTY_INODE)) == 0) && (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME)) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); inode->i_state &= ~I_DIRTY_TIME; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&ei->i_raw_lock); EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(i_ctime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(i_mtime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(i_atime, inode, raw_inode); ext4_inode_csum_set(inode, raw_inode, ei); spin_unlock(&ei->i_raw_lock); trace_ext4_other_inode_update_time(inode, orig_ino); return; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /* * Opportunistically update the other time fields for other inodes in * the same inode table block. */ static void ext4_update_other_inodes_time(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long orig_ino, char *buf) { unsigned long ino; int i, inodes_per_block = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inodes_per_block; int inode_size = EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb); /* * Calculate the first inode in the inode table block. Inode * numbers are one-based. That is, the first inode in a block * (assuming 4k blocks and 256 byte inodes) is (n*16 + 1). */ ino = ((orig_ino - 1) & ~(inodes_per_block - 1)) + 1; rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < inodes_per_block; i++, ino++, buf += inode_size) { if (ino == orig_ino) continue; __ext4_update_other_inode_time(sb, orig_ino, ino, (struct ext4_inode *)buf); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Post the struct inode info into an on-disk inode location in the * buffer-cache. This gobbles the caller's reference to the * buffer_head in the inode location struct. * * The caller must have write access to iloc->bh. */ static int ext4_do_update_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { struct ext4_inode *raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(iloc); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct buffer_head *bh = iloc->bh; struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; int err = 0, block; int need_datasync = 0, set_large_file = 0; uid_t i_uid; gid_t i_gid; projid_t i_projid; spin_lock(&ei->i_raw_lock); /* For fields not tracked in the in-memory inode, * initialise them to zero for new inodes. */ if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEW)) memset(raw_inode, 0, EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size); err = ext4_inode_blocks_set(handle, raw_inode, ei); if (err) { spin_unlock(&ei->i_raw_lock); goto out_brelse; } raw_inode->i_mode = cpu_to_le16(inode->i_mode); i_uid = i_uid_read(inode); i_gid = i_gid_read(inode); i_projid = from_kprojid(&init_user_ns, ei->i_projid); if (!(test_opt(inode->i_sb, NO_UID32))) { raw_inode->i_uid_low = cpu_to_le16(low_16_bits(i_uid)); raw_inode->i_gid_low = cpu_to_le16(low_16_bits(i_gid)); /* * Fix up interoperability with old kernels. Otherwise, old inodes get * re-used with the upper 16 bits of the uid/gid intact */ if (ei->i_dtime && list_empty(&ei->i_orphan)) { raw_inode->i_uid_high = 0; raw_inode->i_gid_high = 0; } else { raw_inode->i_uid_high = cpu_to_le16(high_16_bits(i_uid)); raw_inode->i_gid_high = cpu_to_le16(high_16_bits(i_gid)); } } else { raw_inode->i_uid_low = cpu_to_le16(fs_high2lowuid(i_uid)); raw_inode->i_gid_low = cpu_to_le16(fs_high2lowgid(i_gid)); raw_inode->i_uid_high = 0; raw_inode->i_gid_high = 0; } raw_inode->i_links_count = cpu_to_le16(inode->i_nlink); EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(i_ctime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(i_mtime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(i_atime, inode, raw_inode); EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(i_crtime, ei, raw_inode); raw_inode->i_dtime = cpu_to_le32(ei->i_dtime); raw_inode->i_flags = cpu_to_le32(ei->i_flags & 0xFFFFFFFF); if (likely(!test_opt2(inode->i_sb, HURD_COMPAT))) raw_inode->i_file_acl_high = cpu_to_le16(ei->i_file_acl >> 32); raw_inode->i_file_acl_lo = cpu_to_le32(ei->i_file_acl); if (READ_ONCE(ei->i_disksize) != ext4_isize(inode->i_sb, raw_inode)) { ext4_isize_set(raw_inode, ei->i_disksize); need_datasync = 1; } if (ei->i_disksize > 0x7fffffffULL) { if (!ext4_has_feature_large_file(sb) || EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_rev_level == cpu_to_le32(EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV)) set_large_file = 1; } raw_inode->i_generation = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_generation); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) { if (old_valid_dev(inode->i_rdev)) { raw_inode->i_block[0] = cpu_to_le32(old_encode_dev(inode->i_rdev)); raw_inode->i_block[1] = 0; } else { raw_inode->i_block[0] = 0; raw_inode->i_block[1] = cpu_to_le32(new_encode_dev(inode->i_rdev)); raw_inode->i_block[2] = 0; } } else if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { for (block = 0; block < EXT4_N_BLOCKS; block++) raw_inode->i_block[block] = ei->i_data[block]; } if (likely(!test_opt2(inode->i_sb, HURD_COMPAT))) { u64 ivers = ext4_inode_peek_iversion(inode); raw_inode->i_disk_version = cpu_to_le32(ivers); if (ei->i_extra_isize) { if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, ei, i_version_hi)) raw_inode->i_version_hi = cpu_to_le32(ivers >> 32); raw_inode->i_extra_isize = cpu_to_le16(ei->i_extra_isize); } } BUG_ON(!ext4_has_feature_project(inode->i_sb) && i_projid != EXT4_DEF_PROJID); if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE && EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, ei, i_projid)) raw_inode->i_projid = cpu_to_le32(i_projid); ext4_inode_csum_set(inode, raw_inode, ei); spin_unlock(&ei->i_raw_lock); if (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_LAZYTIME) ext4_update_other_inodes_time(inode->i_sb, inode->i_ino, bh->b_data); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); if (err) goto out_brelse; ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEW); if (set_large_file) { BUFFER_TRACE(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh, "get write access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh); if (err) goto out_brelse; ext4_set_feature_large_file(sb); ext4_handle_sync(handle); err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); } ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, need_datasync); out_brelse: brelse(bh); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; } /* * ext4_write_inode() * * We are called from a few places: * * - Within generic_file_aio_write() -> generic_write_sync() for O_SYNC files. * Here, there will be no transaction running. We wait for any running * transaction to commit. * * - Within flush work (sys_sync(), kupdate and such). * We wait on commit, if told to. * * - Within iput_final() -> write_inode_now() * We wait on commit, if told to. * * In all cases it is actually safe for us to return without doing anything, * because the inode has been copied into a raw inode buffer in * ext4_mark_inode_dirty(). This is a correctness thing for WB_SYNC_ALL * writeback. * * Note that we are absolutely dependent upon all inode dirtiers doing the * right thing: they *must* call mark_inode_dirty() after dirtying info in * which we are interested. * * It would be a bug for them to not do this. The code: * * mark_inode_dirty(inode) * stuff(); * inode->i_size = expr; * * is in error because write_inode() could occur while `stuff()' is running, * and the new i_size will be lost. Plus the inode will no longer be on the * superblock's dirty inode list. */ int ext4_write_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc) { int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC) || sb_rdonly(inode->i_sb)) return 0; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal) { if (ext4_journal_current_handle()) { jbd_debug(1, "called recursively, non-PF_MEMALLOC!\n"); dump_stack(); return -EIO; } /* * No need to force transaction in WB_SYNC_NONE mode. Also * ext4_sync_fs() will force the commit after everything is * written. */ if (wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->for_sync) return 0; err = ext4_fc_commit(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal, EXT4_I(inode)->i_sync_tid); } else { struct ext4_iloc iloc; err = __ext4_get_inode_loc_noinmem(inode, &iloc); if (err) return err; /* * sync(2) will flush the whole buffer cache. No need to do * it here separately for each inode. */ if (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL && !wbc->for_sync) sync_dirty_buffer(iloc.bh); if (buffer_req(iloc.bh) && !buffer_uptodate(iloc.bh)) { ext4_error_inode_block(inode, iloc.bh->b_blocknr, EIO, "IO error syncing inode"); err = -EIO; } brelse(iloc.bh); } return err; } /* * In data=journal mode ext4_journalled_invalidatepage() may fail to invalidate * buffers that are attached to a page stradding i_size and are undergoing * commit. In that case we have to wait for commit to finish and try again. */ static void ext4_wait_for_tail_page_commit(struct inode *inode) { struct page *page; unsigned offset; journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal; tid_t commit_tid = 0; int ret; offset = inode->i_size & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); /* * If the page is fully truncated, we don't need to wait for any commit * (and we even should not as __ext4_journalled_invalidatepage() may * strip all buffers from the page but keep the page dirty which can then * confuse e.g. concurrent ext4_writepage() seeing dirty page without * buffers). Also we don't need to wait for any commit if all buffers in * the page remain valid. This is most beneficial for the common case of * blocksize == PAGESIZE. */ if (!offset || offset > (PAGE_SIZE - i_blocksize(inode))) return; while (1) { page = find_lock_page(inode->i_mapping, inode->i_size >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!page) return; ret = __ext4_journalled_invalidatepage(page, offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); if (ret != -EBUSY) return; commit_tid = 0; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_committing_transaction) commit_tid = journal->j_committing_transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (commit_tid) jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal, commit_tid); } } /* * ext4_setattr() * * Called from notify_change. * * We want to trap VFS attempts to truncate the file as soon as * possible. In particular, we want to make sure that when the VFS * shrinks i_size, we put the inode on the orphan list and modify * i_disksize immediately, so that during the subsequent flushing of * dirty pages and freeing of disk blocks, we can guarantee that any * commit will leave the blocks being flushed in an unused state on * disk. (On recovery, the inode will get truncated and the blocks will * be freed, so we have a strong guarantee that no future commit will * leave these blocks visible to the user.) * * Another thing we have to assure is that if we are in ordered mode * and inode is still attached to the committing transaction, we must * we start writeout of all the dirty pages which are being truncated. * This way we are sure that all the data written in the previous * transaction are already on disk (truncate waits for pages under * writeback). * * Called with inode->i_mutex down. */ int ext4_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); int error, rc = 0; int orphan = 0; const unsigned int ia_valid = attr->ia_valid; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; if (unlikely(IS_IMMUTABLE(inode))) return -EPERM; if (unlikely(IS_APPEND(inode) && (ia_valid & (ATTR_MODE | ATTR_UID | ATTR_GID | ATTR_TIMES_SET)))) return -EPERM; error = setattr_prepare(dentry, attr); if (error) return error; error = fscrypt_prepare_setattr(dentry, attr); if (error) return error; error = fsverity_prepare_setattr(dentry, attr); if (error) return error; if (is_quota_modification(inode, attr)) { error = dquot_initialize(inode); if (error) return error; } ext4_fc_start_update(inode); if ((ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(attr->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(attr->ia_gid, inode->i_gid))) { handle_t *handle; /* (user+group)*(old+new) structure, inode write (sb, * inode block, ? - but truncate inode update has it) */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA, (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb) + EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_DEL_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb)) + 3); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { error = PTR_ERR(handle); goto err_out; } /* dquot_transfer() calls back ext4_get_inode_usage() which * counts xattr inode references. */ down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); error = dquot_transfer(inode, attr); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); if (error) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return error; } /* Update corresponding info in inode so that everything is in * one transaction */ if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_UID) inode->i_uid = attr->ia_uid; if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_GID) inode->i_gid = attr->ia_gid; error = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (unlikely(error)) { ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return error; } } if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) { handle_t *handle; loff_t oldsize = inode->i_size; int shrink = (attr->ia_size < inode->i_size); if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); if (attr->ia_size > sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes) { ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return -EFBIG; } } if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) { ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return -EINVAL; } if (IS_I_VERSION(inode) && attr->ia_size != inode->i_size) inode_inc_iversion(inode); if (shrink) { if (ext4_should_order_data(inode)) { error = ext4_begin_ordered_truncate(inode, attr->ia_size); if (error) goto err_out; } /* * Blocks are going to be removed from the inode. Wait * for dio in flight. */ inode_dio_wait(inode); } down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); rc = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (rc) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); goto err_out; } if (attr->ia_size != inode->i_size) { handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 3); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { error = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_mmap_sem; } if (ext4_handle_valid(handle) && shrink) { error = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); orphan = 1; } /* * Update c/mtime on truncate up, ext4_truncate() will * update c/mtime in shrink case below */ if (!shrink) { inode->i_mtime = current_time(inode); inode->i_ctime = inode->i_mtime; } if (shrink) ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, (attr->ia_size > 0 ? attr->ia_size - 1 : 0) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits, (oldsize > 0 ? oldsize - 1 : 0) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); else ext4_fc_track_range( handle, inode, (oldsize > 0 ? oldsize - 1 : oldsize) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits, (attr->ia_size > 0 ? attr->ia_size - 1 : 0) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = attr->ia_size; rc = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (!error) error = rc; /* * We have to update i_size under i_data_sem together * with i_disksize to avoid races with writeback code * running ext4_wb_update_i_disksize(). */ if (!error) i_size_write(inode, attr->ia_size); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (error) goto out_mmap_sem; if (!shrink) { pagecache_isize_extended(inode, oldsize, inode->i_size); } else if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ext4_wait_for_tail_page_commit(inode); } } /* * Truncate pagecache after we've waited for commit * in data=journal mode to make pages freeable. */ truncate_pagecache(inode, inode->i_size); /* * Call ext4_truncate() even if i_size didn't change to * truncate possible preallocated blocks. */ if (attr->ia_size <= oldsize) { rc = ext4_truncate(inode); if (rc) error = rc; } out_mmap_sem: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); } if (!error) { setattr_copy(inode, attr); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } /* * If the call to ext4_truncate failed to get a transaction handle at * all, we need to clean up the in-core orphan list manually. */ if (orphan && inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); if (!error && (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE)) rc = posix_acl_chmod(inode, inode->i_mode); err_out: if (error) ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, error); if (!error) error = rc; ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return error; } int ext4_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); unsigned int flags; if ((request_mask & STATX_BTIME) && EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, ei, i_crtime)) { stat->result_mask |= STATX_BTIME; stat->btime.tv_sec = ei->i_crtime.tv_sec; stat->btime.tv_nsec = ei->i_crtime.tv_nsec; } flags = ei->i_flags & EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE; if (flags & EXT4_APPEND_FL) stat->attributes |= STATX_ATTR_APPEND; if (flags & EXT4_COMPR_FL) stat->attributes |= STATX_ATTR_COMPRESSED; if (flags & EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL) stat->attributes |= STATX_ATTR_ENCRYPTED; if (flags & EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL) stat->attributes |= STATX_ATTR_IMMUTABLE; if (flags & EXT4_NODUMP_FL) stat->attributes |= STATX_ATTR_NODUMP; if (flags & EXT4_VERITY_FL) stat->attributes |= STATX_ATTR_VERITY; stat->attributes_mask |= (STATX_ATTR_APPEND | STATX_ATTR_COMPRESSED | STATX_ATTR_ENCRYPTED | STATX_ATTR_IMMUTABLE | STATX_ATTR_NODUMP | STATX_ATTR_VERITY); generic_fillattr(inode, stat); return 0; } int ext4_file_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); u64 delalloc_blocks; ext4_getattr(path, stat, request_mask, query_flags); /* * If there is inline data in the inode, the inode will normally not * have data blocks allocated (it may have an external xattr block). * Report at least one sector for such files, so tools like tar, rsync, * others don't incorrectly think the file is completely sparse. */ if (unlikely(ext4_has_inline_data(inode))) stat->blocks += (stat->size + 511) >> 9; /* * We can't update i_blocks if the block allocation is delayed * otherwise in the case of system crash before the real block * allocation is done, we will have i_blocks inconsistent with * on-disk file blocks. * We always keep i_blocks updated together with real * allocation. But to not confuse with user, stat * will return the blocks that include the delayed allocation * blocks for this file. */ delalloc_blocks = EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb), EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks); stat->blocks += delalloc_blocks << (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9); return 0; } static int ext4_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int lblocks, int pextents) { if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) return ext4_ind_trans_blocks(inode, lblocks); return ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(inode, pextents); } /* * Account for index blocks, block groups bitmaps and block group * descriptor blocks if modify datablocks and index blocks * worse case, the indexs blocks spread over different block groups * * If datablocks are discontiguous, they are possible to spread over * different block groups too. If they are contiguous, with flexbg, * they could still across block group boundary. * * Also account for superblock, inode, quota and xattr blocks */ static int ext4_meta_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int lblocks, int pextents) { ext4_group_t groups, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(inode->i_sb); int gdpblocks; int idxblocks; int ret = 0; /* * How many index blocks need to touch to map @lblocks logical blocks * to @pextents physical extents? */ idxblocks = ext4_index_trans_blocks(inode, lblocks, pextents); ret = idxblocks; /* * Now let's see how many group bitmaps and group descriptors need * to account */ groups = idxblocks + pextents; gdpblocks = groups; if (groups > ngroups) groups = ngroups; if (groups > EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_gdb_count) gdpblocks = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_gdb_count; /* bitmaps and block group descriptor blocks */ ret += groups + gdpblocks; /* Blocks for super block, inode, quota and xattr blocks */ ret += EXT4_META_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); return ret; } /* * Calculate the total number of credits to reserve to fit * the modification of a single pages into a single transaction, * which may include multiple chunks of block allocations. * * This could be called via ext4_write_begin() * * We need to consider the worse case, when * one new block per extent. */ int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode) { int bpp = ext4_journal_blocks_per_page(inode); int ret; ret = ext4_meta_trans_blocks(inode, bpp, bpp); /* Account for data blocks for journalled mode */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) ret += bpp; return ret; } /* * Calculate the journal credits for a chunk of data modification. * * This is called from DIO, fallocate or whoever calling * ext4_map_blocks() to map/allocate a chunk of contiguous disk blocks. * * journal buffers for data blocks are not included here, as DIO * and fallocate do no need to journal data buffers. */ int ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks) { return ext4_meta_trans_blocks(inode, nrblocks, 1); } /* * The caller must have previously called ext4_reserve_inode_write(). * Give this, we know that the caller already has write access to iloc->bh. */ int ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { int err = 0; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) { put_bh(iloc->bh); return -EIO; } ext4_fc_track_inode(handle, inode); if (IS_I_VERSION(inode)) inode_inc_iversion(inode); /* the do_update_inode consumes one bh->b_count */ get_bh(iloc->bh); /* ext4_do_update_inode() does jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata */ err = ext4_do_update_inode(handle, inode, iloc); put_bh(iloc->bh); return err; } /* * On success, We end up with an outstanding reference count against * iloc->bh. This _must_ be cleaned up later. */ int ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { int err; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; err = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, iloc); if (!err) { BUFFER_TRACE(iloc->bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, iloc->bh); if (err) { brelse(iloc->bh); iloc->bh = NULL; } } ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; } static int __ext4_expand_extra_isize(struct inode *inode, unsigned int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_iloc *iloc, handle_t *handle, int *no_expand) { struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header; unsigned int inode_size = EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); int error; /* this was checked at iget time, but double check for good measure */ if ((EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + ei->i_extra_isize > inode_size) || (ei->i_extra_isize & 3)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad extra_isize %u (inode size %u)", ei->i_extra_isize, EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if ((new_extra_isize < ei->i_extra_isize) || (new_extra_isize < 4) || (new_extra_isize > inode_size - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE)) return -EINVAL; /* Should never happen */ raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(iloc); header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode); /* No extended attributes present */ if (!ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR) || header->h_magic != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC)) { memset((void *)raw_inode + EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize, 0, new_extra_isize - EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize); EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize = new_extra_isize; return 0; } /* try to expand with EAs present */ error = ext4_expand_extra_isize_ea(inode, new_extra_isize, raw_inode, handle); if (error) { /* * Inode size expansion failed; don't try again */ *no_expand = 1; } return error; } /* * Expand an inode by new_extra_isize bytes. * Returns 0 on success or negative error number on failure. */ static int ext4_try_to_expand_extra_isize(struct inode *inode, unsigned int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_iloc iloc, handle_t *handle) { int no_expand; int error; if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND)) return -EOVERFLOW; /* * In nojournal mode, we can immediately attempt to expand * the inode. When journaled, we first need to obtain extra * buffer credits since we may write into the EA block * with this same handle. If journal_extend fails, then it will * only result in a minor loss of functionality for that inode. * If this is felt to be critical, then e2fsck should be run to * force a large enough s_min_extra_isize. */ if (ext4_journal_extend(handle, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb), 0) != 0) return -ENOSPC; if (ext4_write_trylock_xattr(inode, &no_expand) == 0) return -EBUSY; error = __ext4_expand_extra_isize(inode, new_extra_isize, &iloc, handle, &no_expand); ext4_write_unlock_xattr(inode, &no_expand); return error; } int ext4_expand_extra_isize(struct inode *inode, unsigned int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { handle_t *handle; int no_expand; int error, rc; if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND)) { brelse(iloc->bh); return -EOVERFLOW; } handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { error = PTR_ERR(handle); brelse(iloc->bh); return error; } ext4_write_lock_xattr(inode, &no_expand); BUFFER_TRACE(iloc->bh, "get_write_access"); error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, iloc->bh); if (error) { brelse(iloc->bh); goto out_unlock; } error = __ext4_expand_extra_isize(inode, new_extra_isize, iloc, handle, &no_expand); rc = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, iloc); if (!error) error = rc; out_unlock: ext4_write_unlock_xattr(inode, &no_expand); ext4_journal_stop(handle); return error; } /* * What we do here is to mark the in-core inode as clean with respect to inode * dirtiness (it may still be data-dirty). * This means that the in-core inode may be reaped by prune_icache * without having to perform any I/O. This is a very good thing, * because *any* task may call prune_icache - even ones which * have a transaction open against a different journal. * * Is this cheating? Not really. Sure, we haven't written the * inode out, but prune_icache isn't a user-visible syncing function. * Whenever the user wants stuff synced (sys_sync, sys_msync, sys_fsync) * we start and wait on commits. */ int __ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line) { struct ext4_iloc iloc; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int err; might_sleep(); trace_ext4_mark_inode_dirty(inode, _RET_IP_); err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); if (err) goto out; if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize < sbi->s_want_extra_isize) ext4_try_to_expand_extra_isize(inode, sbi->s_want_extra_isize, iloc, handle); err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); out: if (unlikely(err)) ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, 0, err, "mark_inode_dirty error"); return err; } /* * ext4_dirty_inode() is called from __mark_inode_dirty() * * We're really interested in the case where a file is being extended. * i_size has been changed by generic_commit_write() and we thus need * to include the updated inode in the current transaction. * * Also, dquot_alloc_block() will always dirty the inode when blocks * are allocated to the file. * * If the inode is marked synchronous, we don't honour that here - doing * so would cause a commit on atime updates, which we don't bother doing. * We handle synchronous inodes at the highest possible level. * * If only the I_DIRTY_TIME flag is set, we can skip everything. If * I_DIRTY_TIME and I_DIRTY_SYNC is set, the only inode fields we need * to copy into the on-disk inode structure are the timestamp files. */ void ext4_dirty_inode(struct inode *inode, int flags) { handle_t *handle; if (flags == I_DIRTY_TIME) return; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 2); if (IS_ERR(handle)) goto out; ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); out: return; } int ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(struct inode *inode, int val) { journal_t *journal; handle_t *handle; int err; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); /* * We have to be very careful here: changing a data block's * journaling status dynamically is dangerous. If we write a * data block to the journal, change the status and then delete * that block, we risk forgetting to revoke the old log record * from the journal and so a subsequent replay can corrupt data. * So, first we make sure that the journal is empty and that * nobody is changing anything. */ journal = EXT4_JOURNAL(inode); if (!journal) return 0; if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) return -EROFS; /* Wait for all existing dio workers */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Before flushing the journal and switching inode's aops, we have * to flush all dirty data the inode has. There can be outstanding * delayed allocations, there can be unwritten extents created by * fallocate or buffered writes in dioread_nolock mode covered by * dirty data which can be converted only after flushing the dirty * data (and journalled aops don't know how to handle these cases). */ if (val) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); err = filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); if (err < 0) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); return err; } } percpu_down_write(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal); /* * OK, there are no updates running now, and all cached data is * synced to disk. We are now in a completely consistent state * which doesn't have anything in the journal, and we know that * no filesystem updates are running, so it is safe to modify * the inode's in-core data-journaling state flag now. */ if (val) ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA); else { err = jbd2_journal_flush(journal); if (err < 0) { jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(journal); percpu_up_write(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); return err; } ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA); } ext4_set_aops(inode); jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(journal); percpu_up_write(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); if (val) up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); /* Finally we can mark the inode as dirty. */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_JOURNAL_FLAG_CHANGE); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_handle_sync(handle); ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; } static int ext4_bh_unmapped(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh) { return !buffer_mapped(bh); } vm_fault_t ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; loff_t size; unsigned long len; int err; vm_fault_t ret; struct file *file = vma->vm_file; struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; handle_t *handle; get_block_t *get_block; int retries = 0; if (unlikely(IS_IMMUTABLE(inode))) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb); file_update_time(vma->vm_file); down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); err = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); if (err) goto out_ret; /* * On data journalling we skip straight to the transaction handle: * there's no delalloc; page truncated will be checked later; the * early return w/ all buffers mapped (calculates size/len) can't * be used; and there's no dioread_nolock, so only ext4_get_block. */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) goto retry_alloc; /* Delalloc case is easy... */ if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC) && !ext4_nonda_switch(inode->i_sb)) { do { err = block_page_mkwrite(vma, vmf, ext4_da_get_block_prep); } while (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)); goto out_ret; } lock_page(page); size = i_size_read(inode); /* Page got truncated from under us? */ if (page->mapping != mapping || page_offset(page) > size) { unlock_page(page); ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } if (page->index == size >> PAGE_SHIFT) len = size & ~PAGE_MASK; else len = PAGE_SIZE; /* * Return if we have all the buffers mapped. This avoids the need to do * journal_start/journal_stop which can block and take a long time * * This cannot be done for data journalling, as we have to add the * inode to the transaction's list to writeprotect pages on commit. */ if (page_has_buffers(page)) { if (!ext4_walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_buffers(page), 0, len, NULL, ext4_bh_unmapped)) { /* Wait so that we don't change page under IO */ wait_for_stable_page(page); ret = VM_FAULT_LOCKED; goto out; } } unlock_page(page); /* OK, we need to fill the hole... */ if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) get_block = ext4_get_block_unwritten; else get_block = ext4_get_block; retry_alloc: handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out; } /* * Data journalling can't use block_page_mkwrite() because it * will set_buffer_dirty() before do_journal_get_write_access() * thus might hit warning messages for dirty metadata buffers. */ if (!ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { err = block_page_mkwrite(vma, vmf, get_block); } else { lock_page(page); size = i_size_read(inode); /* Page got truncated from under us? */ if (page->mapping != mapping || page_offset(page) > size) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out_error; } if (page->index == size >> PAGE_SHIFT) len = size & ~PAGE_MASK; else len = PAGE_SIZE; err = __block_write_begin(page, 0, len, ext4_get_block); if (!err) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), 0, len, NULL, do_journal_get_write_access)) goto out_error; if (ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), 0, len, NULL, write_end_fn)) goto out_error; if (ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle, inode, page_offset(page), len)) goto out_error; ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_JDATA); } else { unlock_page(page); } } ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry_alloc; out_ret: ret = block_page_mkwrite_return(err); out: up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb); return ret; out_error: unlock_page(page); ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto out; } vm_fault_t ext4_filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file); vm_fault_t ret; down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = filemap_fault(vmf); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); return ret; }
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6609 6610 6611 6612 6613 6614 6615 6616 6617 6618 6619 6620 6621 6622 6623 6624 6625 6626 6627 6628 6629 6630 6631 6632 6633 6634 6635 6636 6637 6638 6639 6640 6641 6642 6643 6644 6645 6646 6647 6648 6649 6650 6651 6652 6653 6654 6655 6656 6657 6658 6659 6660 6661 6662 6663 6664 6665 6666 6667 6668 6669 6670 6671 6672 6673 6674 6675 6676 6677 6678 6679 6680 6681 6682 6683 6684 6685 6686 6687 6688 6689 6690 6691 6692 6693 6694 6695 6696 6697 6698 6699 6700 6701 6702 6703 6704 6705 6706 6707 6708 6709 6710 6711 6712 6713 6714 6715 6716 6717 6718 6719 6720 6721 6722 6723 6724 6725 6726 6727 6728 6729 6730 6731 6732 6733 6734 6735 6736 6737 6738 6739 6740 6741 6742 6743 6744 6745 6746 6747 6748 6749 6750 6751 6752 6753 6754 6755 6756 6757 6758 6759 6760 6761 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/super.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/fs/minix/inode.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by * David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995 */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/parser.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/vfs.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/crc16.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/cleancache.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include <linux/unicode.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_extents.h" /* Needed for trace points definition */ #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include "mballoc.h" #include "fsmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/ext4.h> static struct ext4_lazy_init *ext4_li_info; static struct mutex ext4_li_mtx; static struct ratelimit_state ext4_mount_msg_ratelimit; static int ext4_load_journal(struct super_block *, struct ext4_super_block *, unsigned long journal_devnum); static int ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root); static int ext4_commit_super(struct super_block *sb, int sync); static int ext4_mark_recovery_complete(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es); static int ext4_clear_journal_err(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es); static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait); static int ext4_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data); static int ext4_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf); static int ext4_unfreeze(struct super_block *sb); static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb); static struct dentry *ext4_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data); static inline int ext2_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb); static inline int ext3_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb); static int ext4_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb, int readonly); static void ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread(void); static void ext4_unregister_li_request(struct super_block *sb); static void ext4_clear_request_list(void); static struct inode *ext4_get_journal_inode(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int journal_inum); /* * Lock ordering * * Note the difference between i_mmap_sem (EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem) and * i_mmap_rwsem (inode->i_mmap_rwsem)! * * page fault path: * mmap_lock -> sb_start_pagefault -> i_mmap_sem (r) -> transaction start -> * page lock -> i_data_sem (rw) * * buffered write path: * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> mmap_lock * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> transaction start -> page lock -> * i_data_sem (rw) * * truncate: * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> i_mmap_sem (w) -> i_mmap_rwsem (w) -> page lock * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> i_mmap_sem (w) -> transaction start -> * i_data_sem (rw) * * direct IO: * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> mmap_lock * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> transaction start -> i_data_sem (rw) * * writepages: * transaction start -> page lock(s) -> i_data_sem (rw) */ #if !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS) && !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS_MODULE) && defined(CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT2) static struct file_system_type ext2_fs_type = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .name = "ext2", .mount = ext4_mount, .kill_sb = kill_block_super, .fs_flags = FS_REQUIRES_DEV, }; MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext2"); MODULE_ALIAS("ext2"); #define IS_EXT2_SB(sb) ((sb)->s_bdev->bd_holder == &ext2_fs_type) #else #define IS_EXT2_SB(sb) (0) #endif static struct file_system_type ext3_fs_type = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .name = "ext3", .mount = ext4_mount, .kill_sb = kill_block_super, .fs_flags = FS_REQUIRES_DEV, }; MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext3"); MODULE_ALIAS("ext3"); #define IS_EXT3_SB(sb) ((sb)->s_bdev->bd_holder == &ext3_fs_type) static inline void __ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io) { /* * buffer's verified bit is no longer valid after reading from * disk again due to write out error, clear it to make sure we * recheck the buffer contents. */ clear_buffer_verified(bh); bh->b_end_io = end_io ? end_io : end_buffer_read_sync; get_bh(bh); submit_bh(REQ_OP_READ, op_flags, bh); } void ext4_read_bh_nowait(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io) { BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(bh)); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return; } __ext4_read_bh(bh, op_flags, end_io); } int ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io) { BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(bh)); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return 0; } __ext4_read_bh(bh, op_flags, end_io); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) return 0; return -EIO; } int ext4_read_bh_lock(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bool wait) { if (trylock_buffer(bh)) { if (wait) return ext4_read_bh(bh, op_flags, NULL); ext4_read_bh_nowait(bh, op_flags, NULL); return 0; } if (wait) { wait_on_buffer(bh); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) return 0; return -EIO; } return 0; } /* * This works like __bread_gfp() except it uses ERR_PTR for error * returns. Currently with sb_bread it's impossible to distinguish * between ENOMEM and EIO situations (since both result in a NULL * return. */ static struct buffer_head *__ext4_sb_bread_gfp(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags, gfp_t gfp) { struct buffer_head *bh; int ret; bh = sb_getblk_gfp(sb, block, gfp); if (bh == NULL) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) return bh; ret = ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, REQ_META | op_flags, true); if (ret) { put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return bh; } struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags) { return __ext4_sb_bread_gfp(sb, block, op_flags, __GFP_MOVABLE); } struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __ext4_sb_bread_gfp(sb, block, 0, 0); } void ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { struct buffer_head *bh = sb_getblk_gfp(sb, block, 0); if (likely(bh)) { ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, REQ_RAHEAD, false); brelse(bh); } } static int ext4_verify_csum_type(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { if (!ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; return es->s_checksum_type == EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM; } static __le32 ext4_superblock_csum(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_checksum); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ~0, (char *)es, offset); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_superblock_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; return es->s_checksum == ext4_superblock_csum(sb, es); } void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return; es->s_checksum = ext4_superblock_csum(sb, es); } ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_block_bitmap_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_block_bitmap_hi) << 32 : 0); } ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_bitmap_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_bitmap_hi) << 32 : 0); } ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_table_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_table_hi) << 32 : 0); } __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_blocks_count_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_blocks_count_hi) << 16 : 0); } __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_inodes_count_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_inodes_count_hi) << 16 : 0); } __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_used_dirs_count_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_used_dirs_count_hi) << 16 : 0); } __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_itable_unused_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_itable_unused_hi) << 16 : 0); } void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { bg->bg_block_bitmap_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_block_bitmap_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { bg->bg_inode_bitmap_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_inode_bitmap_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { bg->bg_inode_table_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_inode_table_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_free_inodes_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_free_inodes_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_used_dirs_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_used_dirs_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_itable_unused_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_itable_unused_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } static void __ext4_update_tstamp(__le32 *lo, __u8 *hi) { time64_t now = ktime_get_real_seconds(); now = clamp_val(now, 0, (1ull << 40) - 1); *lo = cpu_to_le32(lower_32_bits(now)); *hi = upper_32_bits(now); } static time64_t __ext4_get_tstamp(__le32 *lo, __u8 *hi) { return ((time64_t)(*hi) << 32) + le32_to_cpu(*lo); } #define ext4_update_tstamp(es, tstamp) \ __ext4_update_tstamp(&(es)->tstamp, &(es)->tstamp ## _hi) #define ext4_get_tstamp(es, tstamp) \ __ext4_get_tstamp(&(es)->tstamp, &(es)->tstamp ## _hi) static void __save_error_info(struct super_block *sb, int error, __u32 ino, __u64 block, const char *func, unsigned int line) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; int err; EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state |= EXT4_ERROR_FS; if (bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) return; es->s_state |= cpu_to_le16(EXT4_ERROR_FS); ext4_update_tstamp(es, s_last_error_time); strncpy(es->s_last_error_func, func, sizeof(es->s_last_error_func)); es->s_last_error_line = cpu_to_le32(line); es->s_last_error_ino = cpu_to_le32(ino); es->s_last_error_block = cpu_to_le64(block); switch (error) { case EIO: err = EXT4_ERR_EIO; break; case ENOMEM: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOMEM; break; case EFSBADCRC: err = EXT4_ERR_EFSBADCRC; break; case 0: case EFSCORRUPTED: err = EXT4_ERR_EFSCORRUPTED; break; case ENOSPC: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOSPC; break; case ENOKEY: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOKEY; break; case EROFS: err = EXT4_ERR_EROFS; break; case EFBIG: err = EXT4_ERR_EFBIG; break; case EEXIST: err = EXT4_ERR_EEXIST; break; case ERANGE: err = EXT4_ERR_ERANGE; break; case EOVERFLOW: err = EXT4_ERR_EOVERFLOW; break; case EBUSY: err = EXT4_ERR_EBUSY; break; case ENOTDIR: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOTDIR; break; case ENOTEMPTY: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOTEMPTY; break; case ESHUTDOWN: err = EXT4_ERR_ESHUTDOWN; break; case EFAULT: err = EXT4_ERR_EFAULT; break; default: err = EXT4_ERR_UNKNOWN; } es->s_last_error_errcode = err; if (!es->s_first_error_time) { es->s_first_error_time = es->s_last_error_time; es->s_first_error_time_hi = es->s_last_error_time_hi; strncpy(es->s_first_error_func, func, sizeof(es->s_first_error_func)); es->s_first_error_line = cpu_to_le32(line); es->s_first_error_ino = es->s_last_error_ino; es->s_first_error_block = es->s_last_error_block; es->s_first_error_errcode = es->s_last_error_errcode; } /* * Start the daily error reporting function if it hasn't been * started already */ if (!es->s_error_count) mod_timer(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_err_report, jiffies + 24*60*60*HZ); le32_add_cpu(&es->s_error_count, 1); } static void save_error_info(struct super_block *sb, int error, __u32 ino, __u64 block, const char *func, unsigned int line) { __save_error_info(sb, error, ino, block, func, line); if (!bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); } /* * The del_gendisk() function uninitializes the disk-specific data * structures, including the bdi structure, without telling anyone * else. Once this happens, any attempt to call mark_buffer_dirty() * (for example, by ext4_commit_super), will cause a kernel OOPS. * This is a kludge to prevent these oops until we can put in a proper * hook in del_gendisk() to inform the VFS and file system layers. */ static int block_device_ejected(struct super_block *sb) { struct inode *bd_inode = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode; struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(bd_inode); return bdi->dev == NULL; } static void ext4_journal_commit_callback(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *txn) { struct super_block *sb = journal->j_private; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int error = is_journal_aborted(journal); struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce; BUG_ON(txn->t_state == T_FINISHED); ext4_process_freed_data(sb, txn->t_tid); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); while (!list_empty(&txn->t_private_list)) { jce = list_entry(txn->t_private_list.next, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry, jce_list); list_del_init(&jce->jce_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); jce->jce_func(sb, jce, error); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } /* * This writepage callback for write_cache_pages() * takes care of a few cases after page cleaning. * * write_cache_pages() already checks for dirty pages * and calls clear_page_dirty_for_io(), which we want, * to write protect the pages. * * However, we may have to redirty a page (see below.) */ static int ext4_journalled_writepage_callback(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc, void *data) { transaction_t *transaction = (transaction_t *) data; struct buffer_head *bh, *head; struct journal_head *jh; bh = head = page_buffers(page); do { /* * We have to redirty a page in these cases: * 1) If buffer is dirty, it means the page was dirty because it * contains a buffer that needs checkpointing. So the dirty bit * needs to be preserved so that checkpointing writes the buffer * properly. * 2) If buffer is not part of the committing transaction * (we may have just accidentally come across this buffer because * inode range tracking is not exact) or if the currently running * transaction already contains this buffer as well, dirty bit * needs to be preserved so that the buffer gets writeprotected * properly on running transaction's commit. */ jh = bh2jh(bh); if (buffer_dirty(bh) || (jh && (jh->b_transaction != transaction || jh->b_next_transaction))) { redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page); goto out; } } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); out: return AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE; } static int ext4_journalled_submit_inode_data_buffers(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { struct address_space *mapping = jinode->i_vfs_inode->i_mapping; struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_ALL, .nr_to_write = LONG_MAX, .range_start = jinode->i_dirty_start, .range_end = jinode->i_dirty_end, }; return write_cache_pages(mapping, &wbc, ext4_journalled_writepage_callback, jinode->i_transaction); } static int ext4_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { int ret; if (ext4_should_journal_data(jinode->i_vfs_inode)) ret = ext4_journalled_submit_inode_data_buffers(jinode); else ret = jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers(jinode); return ret; } static int ext4_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { int ret = 0; if (!ext4_should_journal_data(jinode->i_vfs_inode)) ret = jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers(jinode); return ret; } static bool system_going_down(void) { return system_state == SYSTEM_HALT || system_state == SYSTEM_POWER_OFF || system_state == SYSTEM_RESTART; } /* Deal with the reporting of failure conditions on a filesystem such as * inconsistencies detected or read IO failures. * * On ext2, we can store the error state of the filesystem in the * superblock. That is not possible on ext4, because we may have other * write ordering constraints on the superblock which prevent us from * writing it out straight away; and given that the journal is about to * be aborted, we can't rely on the current, or future, transactions to * write out the superblock safely. * * We'll just use the jbd2_journal_abort() error code to record an error in * the journal instead. On recovery, the journal will complain about * that error until we've noted it down and cleared it. */ static void ext4_handle_error(struct super_block *sb) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; if (test_opt(sb, WARN_ON_ERROR)) WARN_ON_ONCE(1); if (sb_rdonly(sb) || test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT)) return; ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED); if (journal) jbd2_journal_abort(journal, -EIO); /* * We force ERRORS_RO behavior when system is rebooting. Otherwise we * could panic during 'reboot -f' as the underlying device got already * disabled. */ if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO) || system_going_down()) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Remounting filesystem read-only"); /* * Make sure updated value of ->s_mount_flags will be visible * before ->s_flags update */ smp_wmb(); sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; } else if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC)) { panic("EXT4-fs (device %s): panic forced after error\n", sb->s_id); } } #define ext4_error_ratelimit(sb) \ ___ratelimit(&(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_err_ratelimit_state), \ "EXT4-fs error") void __ext4_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, int error, __u64 block, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(sb, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(sb)) { va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: comm %s: %pV\n", sb->s_id, function, line, current->comm, &vaf); va_end(args); } save_error_info(sb, error, 0, block, function, line); ext4_handle_error(sb); } void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, ext4_fsblk_t block, int error, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; struct va_format vaf; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(inode->i_sb, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(inode->i_sb)) { va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; if (block) printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: " "inode #%lu: block %llu: comm %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, block, current->comm, &vaf); else printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: " "inode #%lu: comm %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, current->comm, &vaf); va_end(args); } save_error_info(inode->i_sb, error, inode->i_ino, block, function, line); ext4_handle_error(inode->i_sb); } void __ext4_error_file(struct file *file, const char *function, unsigned int line, ext4_fsblk_t block, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; struct va_format vaf; struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); char pathname[80], *path; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(inode->i_sb, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(inode->i_sb)) { path = file_path(file, pathname, sizeof(pathname)); if (IS_ERR(path)) path = "(unknown)"; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; if (block) printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: inode #%lu: " "block %llu: comm %s: path %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, block, current->comm, path, &vaf); else printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: inode #%lu: " "comm %s: path %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, current->comm, path, &vaf); va_end(args); } save_error_info(inode->i_sb, EFSCORRUPTED, inode->i_ino, block, function, line); ext4_handle_error(inode->i_sb); } const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno, char nbuf[16]) { char *errstr = NULL; switch (errno) { case -EFSCORRUPTED: errstr = "Corrupt filesystem"; break; case -EFSBADCRC: errstr = "Filesystem failed CRC"; break; case -EIO: errstr = "IO failure"; break; case -ENOMEM: errstr = "Out of memory"; break; case -EROFS: if (!sb || (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal && EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT)) errstr = "Journal has aborted"; else errstr = "Readonly filesystem"; break; default: /* If the caller passed in an extra buffer for unknown * errors, textualise them now. Else we just return * NULL. */ if (nbuf) { /* Check for truncated error codes... */ if (snprintf(nbuf, 16, "error %d", -errno) >= 0) errstr = nbuf; } break; } return errstr; } /* __ext4_std_error decodes expected errors from journaling functions * automatically and invokes the appropriate error response. */ void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, int errno) { char nbuf[16]; const char *errstr; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; /* Special case: if the error is EROFS, and we're not already * inside a transaction, then there's really no point in logging * an error. */ if (errno == -EROFS && journal_current_handle() == NULL && sb_rdonly(sb)) return; if (ext4_error_ratelimit(sb)) { errstr = ext4_decode_error(sb, errno, nbuf); printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s) in %s:%d: %s\n", sb->s_id, function, line, errstr); } save_error_info(sb, -errno, 0, 0, function, line); ext4_handle_error(sb); } /* * ext4_abort is a much stronger failure handler than ext4_error. The * abort function may be used to deal with unrecoverable failures such * as journal IO errors or ENOMEM at a critical moment in log management. * * We unconditionally force the filesystem into an ABORT|READONLY state, * unless the error response on the fs has been set to panic in which * case we take the easy way out and panic immediately. */ void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, int error, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; save_error_info(sb, error, 0, 0, function, line); va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: %pV\n", sb->s_id, function, line, &vaf); va_end(args); if (sb_rdonly(sb) == 0) { ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) jbd2_journal_abort(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, -EIO); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Remounting filesystem read-only"); /* * Make sure updated value of ->s_mount_flags will be visible * before ->s_flags update */ smp_wmb(); sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; } if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC) && !system_going_down()) panic("EXT4-fs panic from previous error\n"); } void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; atomic_inc(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_msg_count); if (!___ratelimit(&(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_msg_ratelimit_state), "EXT4-fs")) return; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk("%sEXT4-fs (%s): %pV\n", prefix, sb->s_id, &vaf); va_end(args); } static int ext4_warning_ratelimit(struct super_block *sb) { atomic_inc(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_warning_count); return ___ratelimit(&(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_warning_ratelimit_state), "EXT4-fs warning"); } void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (!ext4_warning_ratelimit(sb)) return; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs warning (device %s): %s:%d: %pV\n", sb->s_id, function, line, &vaf); va_end(args); } void __ext4_warning_inode(const struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (!ext4_warning_ratelimit(inode->i_sb)) return; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs warning (device %s): %s:%d: " "inode #%lu: comm %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, current->comm, &vaf); va_end(args); } void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t grp, unsigned long ino, ext4_fsblk_t block, const char *fmt, ...) __releases(bitlock) __acquires(bitlock) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(sb, function, line); __save_error_info(sb, EFSCORRUPTED, ino, block, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(sb)) { va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: group %u, ", sb->s_id, function, line, grp); if (ino) printk(KERN_CONT "inode %lu: ", ino); if (block) printk(KERN_CONT "block %llu:", (unsigned long long) block); printk(KERN_CONT "%pV\n", &vaf); va_end(args); } if (test_opt(sb, WARN_ON_ERROR)) WARN_ON_ONCE(1); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT)) { ext4_commit_super(sb, 0); return; } ext4_unlock_group(sb, grp); ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); ext4_handle_error(sb); /* * We only get here in the ERRORS_RO case; relocking the group * may be dangerous, but nothing bad will happen since the * filesystem will have already been marked read/only and the * journal has been aborted. We return 1 as a hint to callers * who might what to use the return value from * ext4_grp_locked_error() to distinguish between the * ERRORS_CONT and ERRORS_RO case, and perhaps return more * aggressively from the ext4 function in question, with a * more appropriate error code. */ ext4_lock_group(sb, grp); return; } void ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); int ret; if (flags & EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT) { ret = ext4_test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state); if (!ret) percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, grp->bb_free); } if (flags & EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT) { ret = ext4_test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state); if (!ret && gdp) { int count; count = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp); percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter, count); } } } void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) return; ext4_warning(sb, "updating to rev %d because of new feature flag, " "running e2fsck is recommended", EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV); es->s_first_ino = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO); es->s_inode_size = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE); es->s_rev_level = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV); /* leave es->s_feature_*compat flags alone */ /* es->s_uuid will be set by e2fsck if empty */ /* * The rest of the superblock fields should be zero, and if not it * means they are likely already in use, so leave them alone. We * can leave it up to e2fsck to clean up any inconsistencies there. */ } /* * Open the external journal device */ static struct block_device *ext4_blkdev_get(dev_t dev, struct super_block *sb) { struct block_device *bdev; bdev = blkdev_get_by_dev(dev, FMODE_READ|FMODE_WRITE|FMODE_EXCL, sb); if (IS_ERR(bdev)) goto fail; return bdev; fail: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to open journal device unknown-block(%u,%u) %ld", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), PTR_ERR(bdev)); return NULL; } /* * Release the journal device */ static void ext4_blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev) { blkdev_put(bdev, FMODE_READ|FMODE_WRITE|FMODE_EXCL); } static void ext4_blkdev_remove(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { struct block_device *bdev; bdev = sbi->s_journal_bdev; if (bdev) { ext4_blkdev_put(bdev); sbi->s_journal_bdev = NULL; } } static inline struct inode *orphan_list_entry(struct list_head *l) { return &list_entry(l, struct ext4_inode_info, i_orphan)->vfs_inode; } static void dump_orphan_list(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { struct list_head *l; ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "sb orphan head is %d", le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan)); printk(KERN_ERR "sb_info orphan list:\n"); list_for_each(l, &sbi->s_orphan) { struct inode *inode = orphan_list_entry(l); printk(KERN_ERR " " "inode %s:%lu at %p: mode %o, nlink %d, next %d\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, inode->i_ino, inode, inode->i_mode, inode->i_nlink, NEXT_ORPHAN(inode)); } } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static int ext4_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); static inline void ext4_quota_off_umount(struct super_block *sb) { int type; /* Use our quota_off function to clear inode flags etc. */ for (type = 0; type < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; type++) ext4_quota_off(sb, type); } /* * This is a helper function which is used in the mount/remount * codepaths (which holds s_umount) to fetch the quota file name. */ static inline char *get_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, int type) { return rcu_dereference_protected(sbi->s_qf_names[type], lockdep_is_held(&sb->s_umount)); } #else static inline void ext4_quota_off_umount(struct super_block *sb) { } #endif static void ext4_put_super(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct buffer_head **group_desc; struct flex_groups **flex_groups; int aborted = 0; int i, err; ext4_unregister_li_request(sb); ext4_quota_off_umount(sb); destroy_workqueue(sbi->rsv_conversion_wq); /* * Unregister sysfs before destroying jbd2 journal. * Since we could still access attr_journal_task attribute via sysfs * path which could have sbi->s_journal->j_task as NULL */ ext4_unregister_sysfs(sb); if (sbi->s_journal) { aborted = is_journal_aborted(sbi->s_journal); err = jbd2_journal_destroy(sbi->s_journal); sbi->s_journal = NULL; if ((err < 0) && !aborted) { ext4_abort(sb, -err, "Couldn't clean up the journal"); } } ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(sbi); del_timer_sync(&sbi->s_err_report); ext4_release_system_zone(sb); ext4_mb_release(sb); ext4_ext_release(sb); if (!sb_rdonly(sb) && !aborted) { ext4_clear_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb); es->s_state = cpu_to_le16(sbi->s_mount_state); } if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); rcu_read_lock(); group_desc = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_desc); for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_gdb_count; i++) brelse(group_desc[i]); kvfree(group_desc); flex_groups = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_flex_groups); if (flex_groups) { for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated; i++) kvfree(flex_groups[i]); kvfree(flex_groups); } rcu_read_unlock(); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit); percpu_free_rwsem(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) kfree(get_qf_name(sb, sbi, i)); #endif /* Debugging code just in case the in-memory inode orphan list * isn't empty. The on-disk one can be non-empty if we've * detected an error and taken the fs readonly, but the * in-memory list had better be clean by this point. */ if (!list_empty(&sbi->s_orphan)) dump_orphan_list(sb, sbi); J_ASSERT(list_empty(&sbi->s_orphan)); sync_blockdev(sb->s_bdev); invalidate_bdev(sb->s_bdev); if (sbi->s_journal_bdev && sbi->s_journal_bdev != sb->s_bdev) { /* * Invalidate the journal device's buffers. We don't want them * floating about in memory - the physical journal device may * hotswapped, and it breaks the `ro-after' testing code. */ sync_blockdev(sbi->s_journal_bdev); invalidate_bdev(sbi->s_journal_bdev); ext4_blkdev_remove(sbi); } ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(sbi->s_ea_inode_cache); sbi->s_ea_inode_cache = NULL; ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(sbi->s_ea_block_cache); sbi->s_ea_block_cache = NULL; ext4_stop_mmpd(sbi); brelse(sbi->s_sbh); sb->s_fs_info = NULL; /* * Now that we are completely done shutting down the * superblock, we need to actually destroy the kobject. */ kobject_put(&sbi->s_kobj); wait_for_completion(&sbi->s_kobj_unregister); if (sbi->s_chksum_driver) crypto_free_shash(sbi->s_chksum_driver); kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock); fs_put_dax(sbi->s_daxdev); fscrypt_free_dummy_policy(&sbi->s_dummy_enc_policy); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE utf8_unload(sb->s_encoding); #endif kfree(sbi); } static struct kmem_cache *ext4_inode_cachep; /* * Called inside transaction, so use GFP_NOFS */ static struct inode *ext4_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei; ei = kmem_cache_alloc(ext4_inode_cachep, GFP_NOFS); if (!ei) return NULL; inode_set_iversion(&ei->vfs_inode, 1); spin_lock_init(&ei->i_raw_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_prealloc_list); atomic_set(&ei->i_prealloc_active, 0); spin_lock_init(&ei->i_prealloc_lock); ext4_es_init_tree(&ei->i_es_tree); rwlock_init(&ei->i_es_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_es_list); ei->i_es_all_nr = 0; ei->i_es_shk_nr = 0; ei->i_es_shrink_lblk = 0; ei->i_reserved_data_blocks = 0; spin_lock_init(&(ei->i_block_reservation_lock)); ext4_init_pending_tree(&ei->i_pending_tree); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ei->i_reserved_quota = 0; memset(&ei->i_dquot, 0, sizeof(ei->i_dquot)); #endif ei->jinode = NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_rsv_conversion_list); spin_lock_init(&ei->i_completed_io_lock); ei->i_sync_tid = 0; ei->i_datasync_tid = 0; atomic_set(&ei->i_unwritten, 0); INIT_WORK(&ei->i_rsv_conversion_work, ext4_end_io_rsv_work); ext4_fc_init_inode(&ei->vfs_inode); mutex_init(&ei->i_fc_lock); return &ei->vfs_inode; } static int ext4_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { int drop = generic_drop_inode(inode); if (!drop) drop = fscrypt_drop_inode(inode); trace_ext4_drop_inode(inode, drop); return drop; } static void ext4_free_in_core_inode(struct inode *inode) { fscrypt_free_inode(inode); if (!list_empty(&(EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list))) { pr_warn("%s: inode %ld still in fc list", __func__, inode->i_ino); } kmem_cache_free(ext4_inode_cachep, EXT4_I(inode)); } static void ext4_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (!list_empty(&(EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan))) { ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_ERR, "Inode %lu (%p): orphan list check failed!", inode->i_ino, EXT4_I(inode)); print_hex_dump(KERN_INFO, "", DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, 16, 4, EXT4_I(inode), sizeof(struct ext4_inode_info), true); dump_stack(); } if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks) ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_ERR, "Inode %lu (%p): i_reserved_data_blocks (%u) not cleared!", inode->i_ino, EXT4_I(inode), EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks); } static void init_once(void *foo) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = (struct ext4_inode_info *) foo; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_orphan); init_rwsem(&ei->xattr_sem); init_rwsem(&ei->i_data_sem); init_rwsem(&ei->i_mmap_sem); inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode); ext4_fc_init_inode(&ei->vfs_inode); } static int __init init_inodecache(void) { ext4_inode_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("ext4_inode_cache", sizeof(struct ext4_inode_info), 0, (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|SLAB_MEM_SPREAD| SLAB_ACCOUNT), offsetof(struct ext4_inode_info, i_data), sizeof_field(struct ext4_inode_info, i_data), init_once); if (ext4_inode_cachep == NULL) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static void destroy_inodecache(void) { /* * Make sure all delayed rcu free inodes are flushed before we * destroy cache. */ rcu_barrier(); kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_inode_cachep); } void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *inode) { ext4_fc_del(inode); invalidate_inode_buffers(inode); clear_inode(inode); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, 0, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS); dquot_drop(inode); if (EXT4_I(inode)->jinode) { jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode), EXT4_I(inode)->jinode); jbd2_free_inode(EXT4_I(inode)->jinode); EXT4_I(inode)->jinode = NULL; } fscrypt_put_encryption_info(inode); fsverity_cleanup_inode(inode); } static struct inode *ext4_nfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, u64 ino, u32 generation) { struct inode *inode; /* * Currently we don't know the generation for parent directory, so * a generation of 0 means "accept any" */ inode = ext4_iget(sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_HANDLE); if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); if (generation && inode->i_generation != generation) { iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); } return inode; } static struct dentry *ext4_fh_to_dentry(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid, int fh_len, int fh_type) { return generic_fh_to_dentry(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type, ext4_nfs_get_inode); } static struct dentry *ext4_fh_to_parent(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid, int fh_len, int fh_type) { return generic_fh_to_parent(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type, ext4_nfs_get_inode); } static int ext4_nfs_commit_metadata(struct inode *inode) { struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_ALL }; trace_ext4_nfs_commit_metadata(inode); return ext4_write_inode(inode, &wbc); } /* * Try to release metadata pages (indirect blocks, directories) which are * mapped via the block device. Since these pages could have journal heads * which would prevent try_to_free_buffers() from freeing them, we must use * jbd2 layer's try_to_free_buffers() function to release them. */ static int bdev_try_to_free_page(struct super_block *sb, struct page *page, gfp_t wait) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; WARN_ON(PageChecked(page)); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) return 0; if (journal) return jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal, page); return try_to_free_buffers(page); } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static int ext4_get_context(struct inode *inode, void *ctx, size_t len) { return ext4_xattr_get(inode, EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION, EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT, ctx, len); } static int ext4_set_context(struct inode *inode, const void *ctx, size_t len, void *fs_data) { handle_t *handle = fs_data; int res, res2, credits, retries = 0; /* * Encrypting the root directory is not allowed because e2fsck expects * lost+found to exist and be unencrypted, and encrypting the root * directory would imply encrypting the lost+found directory as well as * the filename "lost+found" itself. */ if (inode->i_ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO) return -EPERM; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_DAX(inode) && i_size_read(inode))) return -EINVAL; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_DAX)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; res = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); if (res) return res; /* * If a journal handle was specified, then the encryption context is * being set on a new inode via inheritance and is part of a larger * transaction to create the inode. Otherwise the encryption context is * being set on an existing inode in its own transaction. Only in the * latter case should the "retry on ENOSPC" logic be used. */ if (handle) { res = ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle, inode, EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION, EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT, ctx, len, 0); if (!res) { ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA); /* * Update inode->i_flags - S_ENCRYPTED will be enabled, * S_DAX may be disabled */ ext4_set_inode_flags(inode, false); } return res; } res = dquot_initialize(inode); if (res) return res; retry: res = ext4_xattr_set_credits(inode, len, false /* is_create */, &credits); if (res) return res; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MISC, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); res = ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle, inode, EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION, EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT, ctx, len, 0); if (!res) { ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT); /* * Update inode->i_flags - S_ENCRYPTED will be enabled, * S_DAX may be disabled */ ext4_set_inode_flags(inode, false); res = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (res) EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "Failed to mark inode dirty"); } res2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (res == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; if (!res) res = res2; return res; } static const union fscrypt_policy *ext4_get_dummy_policy(struct super_block *sb) { return EXT4_SB(sb)->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy; } static bool ext4_has_stable_inodes(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_stable_inodes(sb); } static void ext4_get_ino_and_lblk_bits(struct super_block *sb, int *ino_bits_ret, int *lblk_bits_ret) { *ino_bits_ret = 8 * sizeof(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count); *lblk_bits_ret = 8 * sizeof(ext4_lblk_t); } static const struct fscrypt_operations ext4_cryptops = { .key_prefix = "ext4:", .get_context = ext4_get_context, .set_context = ext4_set_context, .get_dummy_policy = ext4_get_dummy_policy, .empty_dir = ext4_empty_dir, .max_namelen = EXT4_NAME_LEN, .has_stable_inodes = ext4_has_stable_inodes, .get_ino_and_lblk_bits = ext4_get_ino_and_lblk_bits, }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static const char * const quotatypes[] = INITQFNAMES; #define QTYPE2NAME(t) (quotatypes[t]) static int ext4_write_dquot(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_acquire_dquot(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_release_dquot(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_write_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); static int ext4_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); static int ext4_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, int type); static ssize_t ext4_quota_read(struct super_block *sb, int type, char *data, size_t len, loff_t off); static ssize_t ext4_quota_write(struct super_block *sb, int type, const char *data, size_t len, loff_t off); static int ext4_quota_enable(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); static int ext4_enable_quotas(struct super_block *sb); static struct dquot **ext4_get_dquots(struct inode *inode) { return EXT4_I(inode)->i_dquot; } static const struct dquot_operations ext4_quota_operations = { .get_reserved_space = ext4_get_reserved_space, .write_dquot = ext4_write_dquot, .acquire_dquot = ext4_acquire_dquot, .release_dquot = ext4_release_dquot, .mark_dirty = ext4_mark_dquot_dirty, .write_info = ext4_write_info, .alloc_dquot = dquot_alloc, .destroy_dquot = dquot_destroy, .get_projid = ext4_get_projid, .get_inode_usage = ext4_get_inode_usage, .get_next_id = dquot_get_next_id, }; static const struct quotactl_ops ext4_qctl_operations = { .quota_on = ext4_quota_on, .quota_off = ext4_quota_off, .quota_sync = dquot_quota_sync, .get_state = dquot_get_state, .set_info = dquot_set_dqinfo, .get_dqblk = dquot_get_dqblk, .set_dqblk = dquot_set_dqblk, .get_nextdqblk = dquot_get_next_dqblk, }; #endif static const struct super_operations ext4_sops = { .alloc_inode = ext4_alloc_inode, .free_inode = ext4_free_in_core_inode, .destroy_inode = ext4_destroy_inode, .write_inode = ext4_write_inode, .dirty_inode = ext4_dirty_inode, .drop_inode = ext4_drop_inode, .evict_inode = ext4_evict_inode, .put_super = ext4_put_super, .sync_fs = ext4_sync_fs, .freeze_fs = ext4_freeze, .unfreeze_fs = ext4_unfreeze, .statfs = ext4_statfs, .remount_fs = ext4_remount, .show_options = ext4_show_options, #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA .quota_read = ext4_quota_read, .quota_write = ext4_quota_write, .get_dquots = ext4_get_dquots, #endif .bdev_try_to_free_page = bdev_try_to_free_page, }; static const struct export_operations ext4_export_ops = { .fh_to_dentry = ext4_fh_to_dentry, .fh_to_parent = ext4_fh_to_parent, .get_parent = ext4_get_parent, .commit_metadata = ext4_nfs_commit_metadata, }; enum { Opt_bsd_df, Opt_minix_df, Opt_grpid, Opt_nogrpid, Opt_resgid, Opt_resuid, Opt_sb, Opt_err_cont, Opt_err_panic, Opt_err_ro, Opt_nouid32, Opt_debug, Opt_removed, Opt_user_xattr, Opt_nouser_xattr, Opt_acl, Opt_noacl, Opt_auto_da_alloc, Opt_noauto_da_alloc, Opt_noload, Opt_commit, Opt_min_batch_time, Opt_max_batch_time, Opt_journal_dev, Opt_journal_path, Opt_journal_checksum, Opt_journal_async_commit, Opt_abort, Opt_data_journal, Opt_data_ordered, Opt_data_writeback, Opt_data_err_abort, Opt_data_err_ignore, Opt_test_dummy_encryption, Opt_inlinecrypt, Opt_usrjquota, Opt_grpjquota, Opt_offusrjquota, Opt_offgrpjquota, Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, Opt_quota, Opt_noquota, Opt_barrier, Opt_nobarrier, Opt_err, Opt_usrquota, Opt_grpquota, Opt_prjquota, Opt_i_version, Opt_dax, Opt_dax_always, Opt_dax_inode, Opt_dax_never, Opt_stripe, Opt_delalloc, Opt_nodelalloc, Opt_warn_on_error, Opt_nowarn_on_error, Opt_mblk_io_submit, Opt_lazytime, Opt_nolazytime, Opt_debug_want_extra_isize, Opt_nomblk_io_submit, Opt_block_validity, Opt_noblock_validity, Opt_inode_readahead_blks, Opt_journal_ioprio, Opt_dioread_nolock, Opt_dioread_lock, Opt_discard, Opt_nodiscard, Opt_init_itable, Opt_noinit_itable, Opt_max_dir_size_kb, Opt_nojournal_checksum, Opt_nombcache, Opt_prefetch_block_bitmaps, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG Opt_fc_debug_max_replay, Opt_fc_debug_force #endif }; static const match_table_t tokens = { {Opt_bsd_df, "bsddf"}, {Opt_minix_df, "minixdf"}, {Opt_grpid, "grpid"}, {Opt_grpid, "bsdgroups"}, {Opt_nogrpid, "nogrpid"}, {Opt_nogrpid, "sysvgroups"}, {Opt_resgid, "resgid=%u"}, {Opt_resuid, "resuid=%u"}, {Opt_sb, "sb=%u"}, {Opt_err_cont, "errors=continue"}, {Opt_err_panic, "errors=panic"}, {Opt_err_ro, "errors=remount-ro"}, {Opt_nouid32, "nouid32"}, {Opt_debug, "debug"}, {Opt_removed, "oldalloc"}, {Opt_removed, "orlov"}, {Opt_user_xattr, "user_xattr"}, {Opt_nouser_xattr, "nouser_xattr"}, {Opt_acl, "acl"}, {Opt_noacl, "noacl"}, {Opt_noload, "norecovery"}, {Opt_noload, "noload"}, {Opt_removed, "nobh"}, {Opt_removed, "bh"}, {Opt_commit, "commit=%u"}, {Opt_min_batch_time, "min_batch_time=%u"}, {Opt_max_batch_time, "max_batch_time=%u"}, {Opt_journal_dev, "journal_dev=%u"}, {Opt_journal_path, "journal_path=%s"}, {Opt_journal_checksum, "journal_checksum"}, {Opt_nojournal_checksum, "nojournal_checksum"}, {Opt_journal_async_commit, "journal_async_commit"}, {Opt_abort, "abort"}, {Opt_data_journal, "data=journal"}, {Opt_data_ordered, "data=ordered"}, {Opt_data_writeback, "data=writeback"}, {Opt_data_err_abort, "data_err=abort"}, {Opt_data_err_ignore, "data_err=ignore"}, {Opt_offusrjquota, "usrjquota="}, {Opt_usrjquota, "usrjquota=%s"}, {Opt_offgrpjquota, "grpjquota="}, {Opt_grpjquota, "grpjquota=%s"}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, "jqfmt=vfsold"}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, "jqfmt=vfsv0"}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, "jqfmt=vfsv1"}, {Opt_grpquota, "grpquota"}, {Opt_noquota, "noquota"}, {Opt_quota, "quota"}, {Opt_usrquota, "usrquota"}, {Opt_prjquota, "prjquota"}, {Opt_barrier, "barrier=%u"}, {Opt_barrier, "barrier"}, {Opt_nobarrier, "nobarrier"}, {Opt_i_version, "i_version"}, {Opt_dax, "dax"}, {Opt_dax_always, "dax=always"}, {Opt_dax_inode, "dax=inode"}, {Opt_dax_never, "dax=never"}, {Opt_stripe, "stripe=%u"}, {Opt_delalloc, "delalloc"}, {Opt_warn_on_error, "warn_on_error"}, {Opt_nowarn_on_error, "nowarn_on_error"}, {Opt_lazytime, "lazytime"}, {Opt_nolazytime, "nolazytime"}, {Opt_debug_want_extra_isize, "debug_want_extra_isize=%u"}, {Opt_nodelalloc, "nodelalloc"}, {Opt_removed, "mblk_io_submit"}, {Opt_removed, "nomblk_io_submit"}, {Opt_block_validity, "block_validity"}, {Opt_noblock_validity, "noblock_validity"}, {Opt_inode_readahead_blks, "inode_readahead_blks=%u"}, {Opt_journal_ioprio, "journal_ioprio=%u"}, {Opt_auto_da_alloc, "auto_da_alloc=%u"}, {Opt_auto_da_alloc, "auto_da_alloc"}, {Opt_noauto_da_alloc, "noauto_da_alloc"}, {Opt_dioread_nolock, "dioread_nolock"}, {Opt_dioread_lock, "nodioread_nolock"}, {Opt_dioread_lock, "dioread_lock"}, {Opt_discard, "discard"}, {Opt_nodiscard, "nodiscard"}, {Opt_init_itable, "init_itable=%u"}, {Opt_init_itable, "init_itable"}, {Opt_noinit_itable, "noinit_itable"}, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG {Opt_fc_debug_force, "fc_debug_force"}, {Opt_fc_debug_max_replay, "fc_debug_max_replay=%u"}, #endif {Opt_max_dir_size_kb, "max_dir_size_kb=%u"}, {Opt_test_dummy_encryption, "test_dummy_encryption=%s"}, {Opt_test_dummy_encryption, "test_dummy_encryption"}, {Opt_inlinecrypt, "inlinecrypt"}, {Opt_nombcache, "nombcache"}, {Opt_nombcache, "no_mbcache"}, /* for backward compatibility */ {Opt_prefetch_block_bitmaps, "prefetch_block_bitmaps"}, {Opt_removed, "check=none"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "nocheck"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "reservation"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "noreservation"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "journal=%u"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_err, NULL}, }; static ext4_fsblk_t get_sb_block(void **data) { ext4_fsblk_t sb_block; char *options = (char *) *data; if (!options || strncmp(options, "sb=", 3) != 0) return 1; /* Default location */ options += 3; /* TODO: use simple_strtoll with >32bit ext4 */ sb_block = simple_strtoul(options, &options, 0); if (*options && *options != ',') { printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: Invalid sb specification: %s\n", (char *) *data); return 1; } if (*options == ',') options++; *data = (void *) options; return sb_block; } #define DEFAULT_JOURNAL_IOPRIO (IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, 3)) static const char deprecated_msg[] = "Mount option \"%s\" will be removed by %s\n" "Contact linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org if you think we should keep it.\n"; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static int set_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, int qtype, substring_t *args) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *qname, *old_qname = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, qtype); int ret = -1; if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) && !old_qname) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled " "quota options when quota turned on"); return -1; } if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Journaled quota options " "ignored when QUOTA feature is enabled"); return 1; } qname = match_strdup(args); if (!qname) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Not enough memory for storing quotafile name"); return -1; } if (old_qname) { if (strcmp(old_qname, qname) == 0) ret = 1; else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s quota file already specified", QTYPE2NAME(qtype)); goto errout; } if (strchr(qname, '/')) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "quotafile must be on filesystem root"); goto errout; } rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_qf_names[qtype], qname); set_opt(sb, QUOTA); return 1; errout: kfree(qname); return ret; } static int clear_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, int qtype) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *old_qname = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, qtype); if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) && old_qname) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled quota options" " when quota turned on"); return -1; } rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_qf_names[qtype], NULL); synchronize_rcu(); kfree(old_qname); return 1; } #endif #define MOPT_SET 0x0001 #define MOPT_CLEAR 0x0002 #define MOPT_NOSUPPORT 0x0004 #define MOPT_EXPLICIT 0x0008 #define MOPT_CLEAR_ERR 0x0010 #define MOPT_GTE0 0x0020 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA #define MOPT_Q 0 #define MOPT_QFMT 0x0040 #else #define MOPT_Q MOPT_NOSUPPORT #define MOPT_QFMT MOPT_NOSUPPORT #endif #define MOPT_DATAJ 0x0080 #define MOPT_NO_EXT2 0x0100 #define MOPT_NO_EXT3 0x0200 #define MOPT_EXT4_ONLY (MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_NO_EXT3) #define MOPT_STRING 0x0400 #define MOPT_SKIP 0x0800 #define MOPT_2 0x1000 static const struct mount_opts { int token; int mount_opt; int flags; } ext4_mount_opts[] = { {Opt_minix_df, EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_bsd_df, EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_grpid, EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nogrpid, EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_block_validity, EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_noblock_validity, EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_dioread_nolock, EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET}, {Opt_dioread_lock, EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_discard, EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nodiscard, EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_delalloc, EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_EXPLICIT}, {Opt_nodelalloc, EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_warn_on_error, EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nowarn_on_error, EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_nojournal_checksum, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_journal_checksum, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_EXPLICIT}, {Opt_journal_async_commit, (EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT | EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM), MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_EXPLICIT}, {Opt_noload, EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_SET}, {Opt_err_panic, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR}, {Opt_err_ro, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR}, {Opt_err_cont, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR}, {Opt_data_err_abort, EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT, MOPT_NO_EXT2}, {Opt_data_err_ignore, EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT, MOPT_NO_EXT2}, {Opt_barrier, EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nobarrier, EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_noauto_da_alloc, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_auto_da_alloc, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_noinit_itable, EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_commit, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_max_batch_time, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_min_batch_time, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_inode_readahead_blks, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_init_itable, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_dax, EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS, MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_dax_always, EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_dax_inode, EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_dax_never, EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_stripe, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_resuid, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_resgid, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_journal_dev, 0, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_journal_path, 0, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_journal_ioprio, 0, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_data_journal, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ}, {Opt_data_ordered, EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ}, {Opt_data_writeback, EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ}, {Opt_user_xattr, EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nouser_xattr, EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER, MOPT_CLEAR}, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL {Opt_acl, EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_noacl, EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL, MOPT_CLEAR}, #else {Opt_acl, 0, MOPT_NOSUPPORT}, {Opt_noacl, 0, MOPT_NOSUPPORT}, #endif {Opt_nouid32, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_debug, EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_debug_want_extra_isize, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_quota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_usrquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_grpquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_prjquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_noquota, (EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA), MOPT_CLEAR | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_usrjquota, 0, MOPT_Q | MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_grpjquota, 0, MOPT_Q | MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_offusrjquota, 0, MOPT_Q}, {Opt_offgrpjquota, 0, MOPT_Q}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, QFMT_VFS_OLD, MOPT_QFMT}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, QFMT_VFS_V0, MOPT_QFMT}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, QFMT_VFS_V1, MOPT_QFMT}, {Opt_max_dir_size_kb, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_test_dummy_encryption, 0, MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_nombcache, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_prefetch_block_bitmaps, EXT4_MOUNT_PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS, MOPT_SET}, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG {Opt_fc_debug_force, EXT4_MOUNT2_JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT, MOPT_SET | MOPT_2 | MOPT_EXT4_ONLY}, {Opt_fc_debug_max_replay, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, #endif {Opt_err, 0, 0} }; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE static const struct ext4_sb_encodings { __u16 magic; char *name; char *version; } ext4_sb_encoding_map[] = { {EXT4_ENC_UTF8_12_1, "utf8", "12.1.0"}, }; static int ext4_sb_read_encoding(const struct ext4_super_block *es, const struct ext4_sb_encodings **encoding, __u16 *flags) { __u16 magic = le16_to_cpu(es->s_encoding); int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ext4_sb_encoding_map); i++) if (magic == ext4_sb_encoding_map[i].magic) break; if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(ext4_sb_encoding_map)) return -EINVAL; *encoding = &ext4_sb_encoding_map[i]; *flags = le16_to_cpu(es->s_encoding_flags); return 0; } #endif static int ext4_set_test_dummy_encryption(struct super_block *sb, const char *opt, const substring_t *arg, bool is_remount) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int err; /* * This mount option is just for testing, and it's not worthwhile to * implement the extra complexity (e.g. RCU protection) that would be * needed to allow it to be set or changed during remount. We do allow * it to be specified during remount, but only if there is no change. */ if (is_remount && !sbi->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Can't set test_dummy_encryption on remount"); return -1; } err = fscrypt_set_test_dummy_encryption(sb, arg->from, &sbi->s_dummy_enc_policy); if (err) { if (err == -EEXIST) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Can't change test_dummy_encryption on remount"); else if (err == -EINVAL) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Value of option \"%s\" is unrecognized", opt); else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Error processing option \"%s\" [%d]", opt, err); return -1; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Test dummy encryption mode enabled"); #else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Test dummy encryption mount option ignored"); #endif return 1; } static int handle_mount_opt(struct super_block *sb, char *opt, int token, substring_t *args, unsigned long *journal_devnum, unsigned int *journal_ioprio, int is_remount) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); const struct mount_opts *m; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; int arg = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA if (token == Opt_usrjquota) return set_qf_name(sb, USRQUOTA, &args[0]); else if (token == Opt_grpjquota) return set_qf_name(sb, GRPQUOTA, &args[0]); else if (token == Opt_offusrjquota) return clear_qf_name(sb, USRQUOTA); else if (token == Opt_offgrpjquota) return clear_qf_name(sb, GRPQUOTA); #endif switch (token) { case Opt_noacl: case Opt_nouser_xattr: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, deprecated_msg, opt, "3.5"); break; case Opt_sb: return 1; /* handled by get_sb_block() */ case Opt_removed: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Ignoring removed %s option", opt); return 1; case Opt_abort: ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED); return 1; case Opt_i_version: sb->s_flags |= SB_I_VERSION; return 1; case Opt_lazytime: sb->s_flags |= SB_LAZYTIME; return 1; case Opt_nolazytime: sb->s_flags &= ~SB_LAZYTIME; return 1; case Opt_inlinecrypt: #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT sb->s_flags |= SB_INLINECRYPT; #else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "inline encryption not supported"); #endif return 1; } for (m = ext4_mount_opts; m->token != Opt_err; m++) if (token == m->token) break; if (m->token == Opt_err) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" " "or missing value", opt); return -1; } if ((m->flags & MOPT_NO_EXT2) && IS_EXT2_SB(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Mount option \"%s\" incompatible with ext2", opt); return -1; } if ((m->flags & MOPT_NO_EXT3) && IS_EXT3_SB(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Mount option \"%s\" incompatible with ext3", opt); return -1; } if (args->from && !(m->flags & MOPT_STRING) && match_int(args, &arg)) return -1; if (args->from && (m->flags & MOPT_GTE0) && (arg < 0)) return -1; if (m->flags & MOPT_EXPLICIT) { if (m->mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC) { set_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_DELALLOC); } else if (m->mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM) { set_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM); } else return -1; } if (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR_ERR) clear_opt(sb, ERRORS_MASK); if (token == Opt_noquota && sb_any_quota_loaded(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change quota " "options when quota turned on"); return -1; } if (m->flags & MOPT_NOSUPPORT) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s option not supported", opt); } else if (token == Opt_commit) { if (arg == 0) arg = JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE; else if (arg > INT_MAX / HZ) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid commit interval %d, " "must be smaller than %d", arg, INT_MAX / HZ); return -1; } sbi->s_commit_interval = HZ * arg; } else if (token == Opt_debug_want_extra_isize) { if ((arg & 1) || (arg < 4) || (arg > (sbi->s_inode_size - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid want_extra_isize %d", arg); return -1; } sbi->s_want_extra_isize = arg; } else if (token == Opt_max_batch_time) { sbi->s_max_batch_time = arg; } else if (token == Opt_min_batch_time) { sbi->s_min_batch_time = arg; } else if (token == Opt_inode_readahead_blks) { if (arg && (arg > (1 << 30) || !is_power_of_2(arg))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "EXT4-fs: inode_readahead_blks must be " "0 or a power of 2 smaller than 2^31"); return -1; } sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks = arg; } else if (token == Opt_init_itable) { set_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE); if (!args->from) arg = EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT; sbi->s_li_wait_mult = arg; } else if (token == Opt_max_dir_size_kb) { sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb = arg; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG } else if (token == Opt_fc_debug_max_replay) { sbi->s_fc_debug_max_replay = arg; #endif } else if (token == Opt_stripe) { sbi->s_stripe = arg; } else if (token == Opt_resuid) { uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), arg); if (!uid_valid(uid)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid uid value %d", arg); return -1; } sbi->s_resuid = uid; } else if (token == Opt_resgid) { gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), arg); if (!gid_valid(gid)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid gid value %d", arg); return -1; } sbi->s_resgid = gid; } else if (token == Opt_journal_dev) { if (is_remount) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot specify journal on remount"); return -1; } *journal_devnum = arg; } else if (token == Opt_journal_path) { char *journal_path; struct inode *journal_inode; struct path path; int error; if (is_remount) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot specify journal on remount"); return -1; } journal_path = match_strdup(&args[0]); if (!journal_path) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error: could not dup " "journal device string"); return -1; } error = kern_path(journal_path, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path); if (error) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error: could not find " "journal device path: error %d", error); kfree(journal_path); return -1; } journal_inode = d_inode(path.dentry); if (!S_ISBLK(journal_inode->i_mode)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error: journal path %s " "is not a block device", journal_path); path_put(&path); kfree(journal_path); return -1; } *journal_devnum = new_encode_dev(journal_inode->i_rdev); path_put(&path); kfree(journal_path); } else if (token == Opt_journal_ioprio) { if (arg > 7) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid journal IO priority" " (must be 0-7)"); return -1; } *journal_ioprio = IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, arg); } else if (token == Opt_test_dummy_encryption) { return ext4_set_test_dummy_encryption(sb, opt, &args[0], is_remount); } else if (m->flags & MOPT_DATAJ) { if (is_remount) { if (!sbi->s_journal) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Remounting file system with no journal so ignoring journalled data option"); else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) != m->mount_opt) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change data mode on remount"); return -1; } } else { clear_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS); sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA } else if (m->flags & MOPT_QFMT) { if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) && sbi->s_jquota_fmt != m->mount_opt) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled " "quota options when quota turned on"); return -1; } if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Quota format mount options ignored " "when QUOTA feature is enabled"); return 1; } sbi->s_jquota_fmt = m->mount_opt; #endif } else if (token == Opt_dax || token == Opt_dax_always || token == Opt_dax_inode || token == Opt_dax_never) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX switch (token) { case Opt_dax: case Opt_dax_always: if (is_remount && (!(sbi->s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS) || (sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER))) { fail_dax_change_remount: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't change " "dax mount option while remounting"); return -1; } if (is_remount && (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "both data=journal and dax"); return -1; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "DAX enabled. Warning: EXPERIMENTAL, use at your own risk"); sbi->s_mount_opt |= EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; sbi->s_mount_opt2 &= ~EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; break; case Opt_dax_never: if (is_remount && (!(sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER) || (sbi->s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS))) goto fail_dax_change_remount; sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; break; case Opt_dax_inode: if (is_remount && ((sbi->s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS) || (sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER) || !(sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE))) goto fail_dax_change_remount; sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; sbi->s_mount_opt2 &= ~EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; /* Strictly for printing options */ sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE; break; } #else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "dax option not supported"); sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; return -1; #endif } else if (token == Opt_data_err_abort) { sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt; } else if (token == Opt_data_err_ignore) { sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~m->mount_opt; } else { if (!args->from) arg = 1; if (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR) arg = !arg; else if (unlikely(!(m->flags & MOPT_SET))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "buggy handling of option %s", opt); WARN_ON(1); return -1; } if (m->flags & MOPT_2) { if (arg != 0) sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= m->mount_opt; else sbi->s_mount_opt2 &= ~m->mount_opt; } else { if (arg != 0) sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt; else sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~m->mount_opt; } } return 1; } static int parse_options(char *options, struct super_block *sb, unsigned long *journal_devnum, unsigned int *journal_ioprio, int is_remount) { struct ext4_sb_info __maybe_unused *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *p, __maybe_unused *usr_qf_name, __maybe_unused *grp_qf_name; substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS]; int token; if (!options) return 1; while ((p = strsep(&options, ",")) != NULL) { if (!*p) continue; /* * Initialize args struct so we know whether arg was * found; some options take optional arguments. */ args[0].to = args[0].from = NULL; token = match_token(p, tokens, args); if (handle_mount_opt(sb, p, token, args, journal_devnum, journal_ioprio, is_remount) < 0) return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* * We do the test below only for project quotas. 'usrquota' and * 'grpquota' mount options are allowed even without quota feature * to support legacy quotas in quota files. */ if (test_opt(sb, PRJQUOTA) && !ext4_has_feature_project(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Project quota feature not enabled. " "Cannot enable project quota enforcement."); return 0; } usr_qf_name = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, USRQUOTA); grp_qf_name = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, GRPQUOTA); if (usr_qf_name || grp_qf_name) { if (test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA) && usr_qf_name) clear_opt(sb, USRQUOTA); if (test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA) && grp_qf_name) clear_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA); if (test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA) || test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "old and new quota " "format mixing"); return 0; } if (!sbi->s_jquota_fmt) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journaled quota format " "not specified"); return 0; } } #endif if (test_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) { int blocksize = BLOCK_SIZE << le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_log_block_size); if (blocksize < PAGE_SIZE) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Warning: mounting with an " "experimental mount option 'dioread_nolock' " "for blocksize < PAGE_SIZE"); } return 1; } static inline void ext4_show_quota_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct super_block *sb) { #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *usr_qf_name, *grp_qf_name; if (sbi->s_jquota_fmt) { char *fmtname = ""; switch (sbi->s_jquota_fmt) { case QFMT_VFS_OLD: fmtname = "vfsold"; break; case QFMT_VFS_V0: fmtname = "vfsv0"; break; case QFMT_VFS_V1: fmtname = "vfsv1"; break; } seq_printf(seq, ",jqfmt=%s", fmtname); } rcu_read_lock(); usr_qf_name = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA]); grp_qf_name = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA]); if (usr_qf_name) seq_show_option(seq, "usrjquota", usr_qf_name); if (grp_qf_name) seq_show_option(seq, "grpjquota", grp_qf_name); rcu_read_unlock(); #endif } static const char *token2str(int token) { const struct match_token *t; for (t = tokens; t->token != Opt_err; t++) if (t->token == token && !strchr(t->pattern, '=')) break; return t->pattern; } /* * Show an option if * - it's set to a non-default value OR * - if the per-sb default is different from the global default */ static int _ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct super_block *sb, int nodefs) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; int def_errors, def_mount_opt = sbi->s_def_mount_opt; const struct mount_opts *m; char sep = nodefs ? '\n' : ','; #define SEQ_OPTS_PUTS(str) seq_printf(seq, "%c" str, sep) #define SEQ_OPTS_PRINT(str, arg) seq_printf(seq, "%c" str, sep, arg) if (sbi->s_sb_block != 1) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("sb=%llu", sbi->s_sb_block); for (m = ext4_mount_opts; m->token != Opt_err; m++) { int want_set = m->flags & MOPT_SET; if (((m->flags & (MOPT_SET|MOPT_CLEAR)) == 0) || (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR_ERR) || m->flags & MOPT_SKIP) continue; if (!nodefs && !(m->mount_opt & (sbi->s_mount_opt ^ def_mount_opt))) continue; /* skip if same as the default */ if ((want_set && (sbi->s_mount_opt & m->mount_opt) != m->mount_opt) || (!want_set && (sbi->s_mount_opt & m->mount_opt))) continue; /* select Opt_noFoo vs Opt_Foo */ SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("%s", token2str(m->token)); } if (nodefs || !uid_eq(sbi->s_resuid, make_kuid(&init_user_ns, EXT4_DEF_RESUID)) || le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resuid) != EXT4_DEF_RESUID) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("resuid=%u", from_kuid_munged(&init_user_ns, sbi->s_resuid)); if (nodefs || !gid_eq(sbi->s_resgid, make_kgid(&init_user_ns, EXT4_DEF_RESGID)) || le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resgid) != EXT4_DEF_RESGID) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("resgid=%u", from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, sbi->s_resgid)); def_errors = nodefs ? -1 : le16_to_cpu(es->s_errors); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_RO) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=remount-ro"); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=continue"); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=panic"); if (nodefs || sbi->s_commit_interval != JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE*HZ) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("commit=%lu", sbi->s_commit_interval / HZ); if (nodefs || sbi->s_min_batch_time != EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("min_batch_time=%u", sbi->s_min_batch_time); if (nodefs || sbi->s_max_batch_time != EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("max_batch_time=%u", sbi->s_max_batch_time); if (sb->s_flags & SB_I_VERSION) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("i_version"); if (nodefs || sbi->s_stripe) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("stripe=%lu", sbi->s_stripe); if (nodefs || EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS & (sbi->s_mount_opt ^ def_mount_opt)) { if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=journal"); else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=ordered"); else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=writeback"); } if (nodefs || sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks != EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("inode_readahead_blks=%u", sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks); if (test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE) && (nodefs || (sbi->s_li_wait_mult != EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT))) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("init_itable=%u", sbi->s_li_wait_mult); if (nodefs || sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("max_dir_size_kb=%u", sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb); if (test_opt(sb, DATA_ERR_ABORT)) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data_err=abort"); fscrypt_show_test_dummy_encryption(seq, sep, sb); if (sb->s_flags & SB_INLINECRYPT) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("inlinecrypt"); if (test_opt(sb, DAX_ALWAYS)) { if (IS_EXT2_SB(sb)) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax"); else SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax=always"); } else if (test_opt2(sb, DAX_NEVER)) { SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax=never"); } else if (test_opt2(sb, DAX_INODE)) { SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax=inode"); } ext4_show_quota_options(seq, sb); return 0; } static int ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root) { return _ext4_show_options(seq, root->d_sb, 0); } int ext4_seq_options_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset) { struct super_block *sb = seq->private; int rc; seq_puts(seq, sb_rdonly(sb) ? "ro" : "rw"); rc = _ext4_show_options(seq, sb, 1); seq_puts(seq, "\n"); return rc; } static int ext4_setup_super(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, int read_only) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int err = 0; if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) > EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "revision level too high, " "forcing read-only mode"); err = -EROFS; goto done; } if (read_only) goto done; if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_VALID_FS)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: mounting unchecked fs, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); else if (sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: mounting fs with errors, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); else if ((__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count) > 0 && le16_to_cpu(es->s_mnt_count) >= (unsigned short) (__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: maximal mount count reached, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); else if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_checkinterval) && (ext4_get_tstamp(es, s_lastcheck) + le32_to_cpu(es->s_checkinterval) <= ktime_get_real_seconds())) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: checktime reached, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); if (!sbi->s_journal) es->s_state &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_VALID_FS); if (!(__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count)) es->s_max_mnt_count = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT); le16_add_cpu(&es->s_mnt_count, 1); ext4_update_tstamp(es, s_mtime); if (sbi->s_journal) ext4_set_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb); err = ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); done: if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) printk(KERN_INFO "[EXT4 FS bs=%lu, gc=%u, " "bpg=%lu, ipg=%lu, mo=%04x, mo2=%04x]\n", sb->s_blocksize, sbi->s_groups_count, EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb), EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb), sbi->s_mount_opt, sbi->s_mount_opt2); cleancache_init_fs(sb); return err; } int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct flex_groups **old_groups, **new_groups; int size, i, j; if (!sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) return 0; size = ext4_flex_group(sbi, ngroup - 1) + 1; if (size <= sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated) return 0; new_groups = kvzalloc(roundup_pow_of_two(size * sizeof(*sbi->s_flex_groups)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_groups) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "not enough memory for %d flex group pointers", size); return -ENOMEM; } for (i = sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated; i < size; i++) { new_groups[i] = kvzalloc(roundup_pow_of_two( sizeof(struct flex_groups)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_groups[i]) { for (j = sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated; j < i; j++) kvfree(new_groups[j]); kvfree(new_groups); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "not enough memory for %d flex groups", size); return -ENOMEM; } } rcu_read_lock(); old_groups = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_flex_groups); if (old_groups) memcpy(new_groups, old_groups, (sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated * sizeof(struct flex_groups *))); rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_flex_groups, new_groups); sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated = size; if (old_groups) ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(old_groups); return 0; } static int ext4_fill_flex_info(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; struct flex_groups *fg; ext4_group_t flex_group; int i, err; sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex = sbi->s_es->s_log_groups_per_flex; if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex < 1 || sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex > 31) { sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex = 0; return 1; } err = ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(sb, sbi->s_groups_count); if (err) goto failed; for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_groups_count; i++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, i); fg = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group); atomic_add(ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp), &fg->free_inodes); atomic64_add(ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp), &fg->free_clusters); atomic_add(ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, gdp), &fg->used_dirs); } return 1; failed: return 0; } static __le16 ext4_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp) { int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_checksum); __u16 crc = 0; __le32 le_group = cpu_to_le32(block_group); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sbi->s_sb)) { /* Use new metadata_csum algorithm */ __u32 csum32; __u16 dummy_csum = 0; csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)&le_group, sizeof(le_group)); csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum32, (__u8 *)gdp, offset); csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum32, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, sizeof(dummy_csum)); offset += sizeof(dummy_csum); if (offset < sbi->s_desc_size) csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum32, (__u8 *)gdp + offset, sbi->s_desc_size - offset); crc = csum32 & 0xFFFF; goto out; } /* old crc16 code */ if (!ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb)) return 0; crc = crc16(~0, sbi->s_es->s_uuid, sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_uuid)); crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)&le_group, sizeof(le_group)); crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp, offset); offset += sizeof(gdp->bg_checksum); /* skip checksum */ /* for checksum of struct ext4_group_desc do the rest...*/ if (ext4_has_feature_64bit(sb) && offset < le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_desc_size)) crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp + offset, le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_desc_size) - offset); out: return cpu_to_le16(crc); } int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp) { if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_checksum != ext4_group_desc_csum(sb, block_group, gdp))) return 0; return 1; } void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp) { if (!ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) return; gdp->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(sb, block_group, gdp); } /* Called at mount-time, super-block is locked */ static int ext4_check_descriptors(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t sb_block, ext4_group_t *first_not_zeroed) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_fsblk_t first_block = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block); ext4_fsblk_t last_block; ext4_fsblk_t last_bg_block = sb_block + ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, 0); ext4_fsblk_t block_bitmap; ext4_fsblk_t inode_bitmap; ext4_fsblk_t inode_table; int flexbg_flag = 0; ext4_group_t i, grp = sbi->s_groups_count; if (ext4_has_feature_flex_bg(sb)) flexbg_flag = 1; ext4_debug("Checking group descriptors"); for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_groups_count; i++) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (i == sbi->s_groups_count - 1 || flexbg_flag) last_block = ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es) - 1; else last_block = first_block + (EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1); if ((grp == sbi->s_groups_count) && !(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED))) grp = i; block_bitmap = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp); if (block_bitmap == sb_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Block bitmap for group %u overlaps " "superblock", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (block_bitmap >= sb_block + 1 && block_bitmap <= last_bg_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Block bitmap for group %u overlaps " "block group descriptors", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (block_bitmap < first_block || block_bitmap > last_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Block bitmap for group %u not in group " "(block %llu)!", i, block_bitmap); return 0; } inode_bitmap = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp); if (inode_bitmap == sb_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode bitmap for group %u overlaps " "superblock", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_bitmap >= sb_block + 1 && inode_bitmap <= last_bg_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode bitmap for group %u overlaps " "block group descriptors", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_bitmap < first_block || inode_bitmap > last_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode bitmap for group %u not in group " "(block %llu)!", i, inode_bitmap); return 0; } inode_table = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp); if (inode_table == sb_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode table for group %u overlaps " "superblock", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_table >= sb_block + 1 && inode_table <= last_bg_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode table for group %u overlaps " "block group descriptors", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_table < first_block || inode_table + sbi->s_itb_per_group - 1 > last_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode table for group %u not in group " "(block %llu)!", i, inode_table); return 0; } ext4_lock_group(sb, i); if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sb, i, gdp)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Checksum for group %u failed (%u!=%u)", i, le16_to_cpu(ext4_group_desc_csum(sb, i, gdp)), le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_checksum)); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, i); return 0; } } ext4_unlock_group(sb, i); if (!flexbg_flag) first_block += EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb); } if (NULL != first_not_zeroed) *first_not_zeroed = grp; return 1; } /* ext4_orphan_cleanup() walks a singly-linked list of inodes (starting at * the superblock) which were deleted from all directories, but held open by * a process at the time of a crash. We walk the list and try to delete these * inodes at recovery time (only with a read-write filesystem). * * In order to keep the orphan inode chain consistent during traversal (in * case of crash during recovery), we link each inode into the superblock * orphan list_head and handle it the same way as an inode deletion during * normal operation (which journals the operations for us). * * We only do an iget() and an iput() on each inode, which is very safe if we * accidentally point at an in-use or already deleted inode. The worst that * can happen in this case is that we get a "bit already cleared" message from * ext4_free_inode(). The only reason we would point at a wrong inode is if * e2fsck was run on this filesystem, and it must have already done the orphan * inode cleanup for us, so we can safely abort without any further action. */ static void ext4_orphan_cleanup(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { unsigned int s_flags = sb->s_flags; int ret, nr_orphans = 0, nr_truncates = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA int quota_update = 0; int i; #endif if (!es->s_last_orphan) { jbd_debug(4, "no orphan inodes to clean up\n"); return; } if (bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "write access " "unavailable, skipping orphan cleanup"); return; } /* Check if feature set would not allow a r/w mount */ if (!ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, 0)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Skipping orphan cleanup due to " "unknown ROCOMPAT features"); return; } if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) { /* don't clear list on RO mount w/ errors */ if (es->s_last_orphan && !(s_flags & SB_RDONLY)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Errors on filesystem, " "clearing orphan list.\n"); es->s_last_orphan = 0; } jbd_debug(1, "Skipping orphan recovery on fs with errors.\n"); return; } if (s_flags & SB_RDONLY) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "orphan cleanup on readonly fs"); sb->s_flags &= ~SB_RDONLY; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* * Turn on quotas which were not enabled for read-only mounts if * filesystem has quota feature, so that they are updated correctly. */ if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb) && (s_flags & SB_RDONLY)) { int ret = ext4_enable_quotas(sb); if (!ret) quota_update = 1; else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot turn on quotas: error %d", ret); } /* Turn on journaled quotas used for old sytle */ for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) { if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_qf_names[i]) { int ret = ext4_quota_on_mount(sb, i); if (!ret) quota_update = 1; else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot turn on journaled " "quota: type %d: error %d", i, ret); } } #endif while (es->s_last_orphan) { struct inode *inode; /* * We may have encountered an error during cleanup; if * so, skip the rest. */ if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) { jbd_debug(1, "Skipping orphan recovery on fs with errors.\n"); es->s_last_orphan = 0; break; } inode = ext4_orphan_get(sb, le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_orphan)); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { es->s_last_orphan = 0; break; } list_add(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_orphan); dquot_initialize(inode); if (inode->i_nlink) { if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG, "%s: truncating inode %lu to %lld bytes", __func__, inode->i_ino, inode->i_size); jbd_debug(2, "truncating inode %lu to %lld bytes\n", inode->i_ino, inode->i_size); inode_lock(inode); truncate_inode_pages(inode->i_mapping, inode->i_size); ret = ext4_truncate(inode); if (ret) { /* * We need to clean up the in-core orphan list * manually if ext4_truncate() failed to get a * transaction handle. */ ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, ret); } inode_unlock(inode); nr_truncates++; } else { if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG, "%s: deleting unreferenced inode %lu", __func__, inode->i_ino); jbd_debug(2, "deleting unreferenced inode %lu\n", inode->i_ino); nr_orphans++; } iput(inode); /* The delete magic happens here! */ } #define PLURAL(x) (x), ((x) == 1) ? "" : "s" if (nr_orphans) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "%d orphan inode%s deleted", PLURAL(nr_orphans)); if (nr_truncates) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "%d truncate%s cleaned up", PLURAL(nr_truncates)); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Turn off quotas if they were enabled for orphan cleanup */ if (quota_update) { for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) { if (sb_dqopt(sb)->files[i]) dquot_quota_off(sb, i); } } #endif sb->s_flags = s_flags; /* Restore SB_RDONLY status */ } /* * Maximal extent format file size. * Resulting logical blkno at s_maxbytes must fit in our on-disk * extent format containers, within a sector_t, and within i_blocks * in the vfs. ext4 inode has 48 bits of i_block in fsblock units, * so that won't be a limiting factor. * * However there is other limiting factor. We do store extents in the form * of starting block and length, hence the resulting length of the extent * covering maximum file size must fit into on-disk format containers as * well. Given that length is always by 1 unit bigger than max unit (because * we count 0 as well) we have to lower the s_maxbytes by one fs block. * * Note, this does *not* consider any metadata overhead for vfs i_blocks. */ static loff_t ext4_max_size(int blkbits, int has_huge_files) { loff_t res; loff_t upper_limit = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(blkcnt_t) < sizeof(u64)); if (!has_huge_files) { upper_limit = (1LL << 32) - 1; /* total blocks in file system block size */ upper_limit >>= (blkbits - 9); upper_limit <<= blkbits; } /* * 32-bit extent-start container, ee_block. We lower the maxbytes * by one fs block, so ee_len can cover the extent of maximum file * size */ res = (1LL << 32) - 1; res <<= blkbits; /* Sanity check against vm- & vfs- imposed limits */ if (res > upper_limit) res = upper_limit; return res; } /* * Maximal bitmap file size. There is a direct, and {,double-,triple-}indirect * block limit, and also a limit of (2^48 - 1) 512-byte sectors in i_blocks. * We need to be 1 filesystem block less than the 2^48 sector limit. */ static loff_t ext4_max_bitmap_size(int bits, int has_huge_files) { unsigned long long upper_limit, res = EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS; int meta_blocks; /* * This is calculated to be the largest file size for a dense, block * mapped file such that the file's total number of 512-byte sectors, * including data and all indirect blocks, does not exceed (2^48 - 1). * * __u32 i_blocks_lo and _u16 i_blocks_high represent the total * number of 512-byte sectors of the file. */ if (!has_huge_files) { /* * !has_huge_files or implies that the inode i_block field * represents total file blocks in 2^32 512-byte sectors == * size of vfs inode i_blocks * 8 */ upper_limit = (1LL << 32) - 1; /* total blocks in file system block size */ upper_limit >>= (bits - 9); } else { /* * We use 48 bit ext4_inode i_blocks * With EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL set the i_blocks * represent total number of blocks in * file system block size */ upper_limit = (1LL << 48) - 1; } /* indirect blocks */ meta_blocks = 1; /* double indirect blocks */ meta_blocks += 1 + (1LL << (bits-2)); /* tripple indirect blocks */ meta_blocks += 1 + (1LL << (bits-2)) + (1LL << (2*(bits-2))); upper_limit -= meta_blocks; upper_limit <<= bits; res += 1LL << (bits-2); res += 1LL << (2*(bits-2)); res += 1LL << (3*(bits-2)); res <<= bits; if (res > upper_limit) res = upper_limit; if (res > MAX_LFS_FILESIZE) res = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; return (loff_t)res; } static ext4_fsblk_t descriptor_loc(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t logical_sb_block, int nr) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_group_t bg, first_meta_bg; int has_super = 0; first_meta_bg = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg); if (!ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb) || nr < first_meta_bg) return logical_sb_block + nr + 1; bg = sbi->s_desc_per_block * nr; if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, bg)) has_super = 1; /* * If we have a meta_bg fs with 1k blocks, group 0's GDT is at * block 2, not 1. If s_first_data_block == 0 (bigalloc is enabled * on modern mke2fs or blksize > 1k on older mke2fs) then we must * compensate. */ if (sb->s_blocksize == 1024 && nr == 0 && le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block) == 0) has_super++; return (has_super + ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, bg)); } /** * ext4_get_stripe_size: Get the stripe size. * @sbi: In memory super block info * * If we have specified it via mount option, then * use the mount option value. If the value specified at mount time is * greater than the blocks per group use the super block value. * If the super block value is greater than blocks per group return 0. * Allocator needs it be less than blocks per group. * */ static unsigned long ext4_get_stripe_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { unsigned long stride = le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stride); unsigned long stripe_width = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stripe_width); int ret; if (sbi->s_stripe && sbi->s_stripe <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) ret = sbi->s_stripe; else if (stripe_width && stripe_width <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) ret = stripe_width; else if (stride && stride <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) ret = stride; else ret = 0; /* * If the stripe width is 1, this makes no sense and * we set it to 0 to turn off stripe handling code. */ if (ret <= 1) ret = 0; return ret; } /* * Check whether this filesystem can be mounted based on * the features present and the RDONLY/RDWR mount requested. * Returns 1 if this filesystem can be mounted as requested, * 0 if it cannot be. */ static int ext4_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb, int readonly) { if (ext4_has_unknown_ext4_incompat_features(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Couldn't mount because of " "unsupported optional features (%x)", (le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat) & ~EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)); return 0; } #ifndef CONFIG_UNICODE if (ext4_has_feature_casefold(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Filesystem with casefold feature cannot be " "mounted without CONFIG_UNICODE"); return 0; } #endif if (readonly) return 1; if (ext4_has_feature_readonly(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "filesystem is read-only"); sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; return 1; } /* Check that feature set is OK for a read-write mount */ if (ext4_has_unknown_ext4_ro_compat_features(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't mount RDWR because of " "unsupported optional features (%x)", (le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat) & ~EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)); return 0; } if (ext4_has_feature_bigalloc(sb) && !ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Can't support bigalloc feature without " "extents feature\n"); return 0; } #if !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_QUOTA) || !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_QFMT_V2) if (!readonly && (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb) || ext4_has_feature_project(sb))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "The kernel was not built with CONFIG_QUOTA and CONFIG_QFMT_V2"); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ return 1; } /* * This function is called once a day if we have errors logged * on the file system */ static void print_daily_error_info(struct timer_list *t) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = from_timer(sbi, t, s_err_report); struct super_block *sb = sbi->s_sb; struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; if (es->s_error_count) /* fsck newer than v1.41.13 is needed to clean this condition. */ ext4_msg(sb, KERN_NOTICE, "error count since last fsck: %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_error_count)); if (es->s_first_error_time) { printk(KERN_NOTICE "EXT4-fs (%s): initial error at time %llu: %.*s:%d", sb->s_id, ext4_get_tstamp(es, s_first_error_time), (int) sizeof(es->s_first_error_func), es->s_first_error_func, le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_line)); if (es->s_first_error_ino) printk(KERN_CONT ": inode %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_ino)); if (es->s_first_error_block) printk(KERN_CONT ": block %llu", (unsigned long long) le64_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_block)); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); } if (es->s_last_error_time) { printk(KERN_NOTICE "EXT4-fs (%s): last error at time %llu: %.*s:%d", sb->s_id, ext4_get_tstamp(es, s_last_error_time), (int) sizeof(es->s_last_error_func), es->s_last_error_func, le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_line)); if (es->s_last_error_ino) printk(KERN_CONT ": inode %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_ino)); if (es->s_last_error_block) printk(KERN_CONT ": block %llu", (unsigned long long) le64_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_block)); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); } mod_timer(&sbi->s_err_report, jiffies + 24*60*60*HZ); /* Once a day */ } /* Find next suitable group and run ext4_init_inode_table */ static int ext4_run_li_request(struct ext4_li_request *elr) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; struct super_block *sb = elr->lr_super; ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; ext4_group_t group = elr->lr_next_group; unsigned long timeout = 0; unsigned int prefetch_ios = 0; int ret = 0; if (elr->lr_mode == EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP) { elr->lr_next_group = ext4_mb_prefetch(sb, group, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_prefetch, &prefetch_ios); if (prefetch_ios) ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(sb, elr->lr_next_group, prefetch_ios); trace_ext4_prefetch_bitmaps(sb, group, elr->lr_next_group, prefetch_ios); if (group >= elr->lr_next_group) { ret = 1; if (elr->lr_first_not_zeroed != ngroups && !sb_rdonly(sb) && test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE)) { elr->lr_next_group = elr->lr_first_not_zeroed; elr->lr_mode = EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE; ret = 0; } } return ret; } for (; group < ngroups; group++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); if (!gdp) { ret = 1; break; } if (!(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED))) break; } if (group >= ngroups) ret = 1; if (!ret) { timeout = jiffies; ret = ext4_init_inode_table(sb, group, elr->lr_timeout ? 0 : 1); trace_ext4_lazy_itable_init(sb, group); if (elr->lr_timeout == 0) { timeout = (jiffies - timeout) * EXT4_SB(elr->lr_super)->s_li_wait_mult; elr->lr_timeout = timeout; } elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + elr->lr_timeout; elr->lr_next_group = group + 1; } return ret; } /* * Remove lr_request from the list_request and free the * request structure. Should be called with li_list_mtx held */ static void ext4_remove_li_request(struct ext4_li_request *elr) { if (!elr) return; list_del(&elr->lr_request); EXT4_SB(elr->lr_super)->s_li_request = NULL; kfree(elr); } static void ext4_unregister_li_request(struct super_block *sb) { mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx); if (!ext4_li_info) { mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); return; } mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); ext4_remove_li_request(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_li_request); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); } static struct task_struct *ext4_lazyinit_task; /* * This is the function where ext4lazyinit thread lives. It walks * through the request list searching for next scheduled filesystem. * When such a fs is found, run the lazy initialization request * (ext4_rn_li_request) and keep track of the time spend in this * function. Based on that time we compute next schedule time of * the request. When walking through the list is complete, compute * next waking time and put itself into sleep. */ static int ext4_lazyinit_thread(void *arg) { struct ext4_lazy_init *eli = (struct ext4_lazy_init *)arg; struct list_head *pos, *n; struct ext4_li_request *elr; unsigned long next_wakeup, cur; BUG_ON(NULL == eli); cont_thread: while (true) { next_wakeup = MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx); if (list_empty(&eli->li_request_list)) { mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); goto exit_thread; } list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &eli->li_request_list) { int err = 0; int progress = 0; elr = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_li_request, lr_request); if (time_before(jiffies, elr->lr_next_sched)) { if (time_before(elr->lr_next_sched, next_wakeup)) next_wakeup = elr->lr_next_sched; continue; } if (down_read_trylock(&elr->lr_super->s_umount)) { if (sb_start_write_trylock(elr->lr_super)) { progress = 1; /* * We hold sb->s_umount, sb can not * be removed from the list, it is * now safe to drop li_list_mtx */ mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); err = ext4_run_li_request(elr); sb_end_write(elr->lr_super); mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx); n = pos->next; } up_read((&elr->lr_super->s_umount)); } /* error, remove the lazy_init job */ if (err) { ext4_remove_li_request(elr); continue; } if (!progress) { elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + (prandom_u32() % (EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY * HZ)); } if (time_before(elr->lr_next_sched, next_wakeup)) next_wakeup = elr->lr_next_sched; } mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); try_to_freeze(); cur = jiffies; if ((time_after_eq(cur, next_wakeup)) || (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET == next_wakeup)) { cond_resched(); continue; } schedule_timeout_interruptible(next_wakeup - cur); if (kthread_should_stop()) { ext4_clear_request_list(); goto exit_thread; } } exit_thread: /* * It looks like the request list is empty, but we need * to check it under the li_list_mtx lock, to prevent any * additions into it, and of course we should lock ext4_li_mtx * to atomically free the list and ext4_li_info, because at * this point another ext4 filesystem could be registering * new one. */ mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx); mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx); if (!list_empty(&eli->li_request_list)) { mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); goto cont_thread; } mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); kfree(ext4_li_info); ext4_li_info = NULL; mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); return 0; } static void ext4_clear_request_list(void) { struct list_head *pos, *n; struct ext4_li_request *elr; mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &ext4_li_info->li_request_list) { elr = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_li_request, lr_request); ext4_remove_li_request(elr); } mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); } static int ext4_run_lazyinit_thread(void) { ext4_lazyinit_task = kthread_run(ext4_lazyinit_thread, ext4_li_info, "ext4lazyinit"); if (IS_ERR(ext4_lazyinit_task)) { int err = PTR_ERR(ext4_lazyinit_task); ext4_clear_request_list(); kfree(ext4_li_info); ext4_li_info = NULL; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs: error %d creating inode table " "initialization thread\n", err); return err; } ext4_li_info->li_state |= EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING; return 0; } /* * Check whether it make sense to run itable init. thread or not. * If there is at least one uninitialized inode table, return * corresponding group number, else the loop goes through all * groups and return total number of groups. */ static ext4_group_t ext4_has_uninit_itable(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t group, ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; if (!ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) return ngroups; for (group = 0; group < ngroups; group++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); if (!gdp) continue; if (!(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED))) break; } return group; } static int ext4_li_info_new(void) { struct ext4_lazy_init *eli = NULL; eli = kzalloc(sizeof(*eli), GFP_KERNEL); if (!eli) return -ENOMEM; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&eli->li_request_list); mutex_init(&eli->li_list_mtx); eli->li_state |= EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT; ext4_li_info = eli; return 0; } static struct ext4_li_request *ext4_li_request_new(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t start) { struct ext4_li_request *elr; elr = kzalloc(sizeof(*elr), GFP_KERNEL); if (!elr) return NULL; elr->lr_super = sb; elr->lr_first_not_zeroed = start; if (test_opt(sb, PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS)) elr->lr_mode = EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP; else { elr->lr_mode = EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE; elr->lr_next_group = start; } /* * Randomize first schedule time of the request to * spread the inode table initialization requests * better. */ elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + (prandom_u32() % (EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY * HZ)); return elr; } int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_li_request *elr = NULL; ext4_group_t ngroups = sbi->s_groups_count; int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx); if (sbi->s_li_request != NULL) { /* * Reset timeout so it can be computed again, because * s_li_wait_mult might have changed. */ sbi->s_li_request->lr_timeout = 0; goto out; } if (!test_opt(sb, PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS) && (first_not_zeroed == ngroups || sb_rdonly(sb) || !test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE))) goto out; elr = ext4_li_request_new(sb, first_not_zeroed); if (!elr) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } if (NULL == ext4_li_info) { ret = ext4_li_info_new(); if (ret) goto out; } mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); list_add(&elr->lr_request, &ext4_li_info->li_request_list); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); sbi->s_li_request = elr; /* * set elr to NULL here since it has been inserted to * the request_list and the removal and free of it is * handled by ext4_clear_request_list from now on. */ elr = NULL; if (!(ext4_li_info->li_state & EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING)) { ret = ext4_run_lazyinit_thread(); if (ret) goto out; } out: mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); if (ret) kfree(elr); return ret; } /* * We do not need to lock anything since this is called on * module unload. */ static void ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread(void) { /* * If thread exited earlier * there's nothing to be done. */ if (!ext4_li_info || !ext4_lazyinit_task) return; kthread_stop(ext4_lazyinit_task); } static int set_journal_csum_feature_set(struct super_block *sb) { int ret = 1; int compat, incompat; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) { /* journal checksum v3 */ compat = 0; incompat = JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3; } else { /* journal checksum v1 */ compat = JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM; incompat = 0; } jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal, JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2); if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT)) { ret = jbd2_journal_set_features(sbi->s_journal, compat, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | incompat); } else if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_CHECKSUM)) { ret = jbd2_journal_set_features(sbi->s_journal, compat, 0, incompat); jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT); } else { jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT); } return ret; } /* * Note: calculating the overhead so we can be compatible with * historical BSD practice is quite difficult in the face of * clusters/bigalloc. This is because multiple metadata blocks from * different block group can end up in the same allocation cluster. * Calculating the exact overhead in the face of clustered allocation * requires either O(all block bitmaps) in memory or O(number of block * groups**2) in time. We will still calculate the superblock for * older file systems --- and if we come across with a bigalloc file * system with zero in s_overhead_clusters the estimate will be close to * correct especially for very large cluster sizes --- but for newer * file systems, it's better to calculate this figure once at mkfs * time, and store it in the superblock. If the superblock value is * present (even for non-bigalloc file systems), we will use it. */ static int count_overhead(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t grp, char *buf) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; ext4_fsblk_t first_block, last_block, b; ext4_group_t i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(s