1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H #define _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H /* * Checksums for x86-64 * Copyright 2002 by Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs * with some code from asm-x86/checksum.h */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /** * csum_fold - Fold and invert a 32bit checksum. * sum: 32bit unfolded sum * * Fold a 32bit running checksum to 16bit and invert it. This is usually * the last step before putting a checksum into a packet. * Make sure not to mix with 64bit checksums. */ static inline __sum16 csum_fold(__wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1,%0\n" " adcl $0xffff,%0" : "=r" (sum) : "r" ((__force u32)sum << 16), "0" ((__force u32)sum & 0xffff0000)); return (__force __sum16)(~(__force u32)sum >> 16); } /* * This is a version of ip_compute_csum() optimized for IP headers, * which always checksum on 4 octet boundaries. * * By Jorge Cwik <jorge@laser.satlink.net>, adapted for linux by * Arnt Gulbrandsen. */ /** * ip_fast_csum - Compute the IPv4 header checksum efficiently. * iph: ipv4 header * ihl: length of header / 4 */ static inline __sum16 ip_fast_csum(const void *iph, unsigned int ihl) { unsigned int sum; asm(" movl (%1), %0\n" " subl $4, %2\n" " jbe 2f\n" " addl 4(%1), %0\n" " adcl 8(%1), %0\n" " adcl 12(%1), %0\n" "1: adcl 16(%1), %0\n" " lea 4(%1), %1\n" " decl %2\n" " jne 1b\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " movl %0, %2\n" " shrl $16, %0\n" " addw %w2, %w0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" " notl %0\n" "2:" /* Since the input registers which are loaded with iph and ihl are modified, we must also specify them as outputs, or gcc will assume they contain their original values. */ : "=r" (sum), "=r" (iph), "=r" (ihl) : "1" (iph), "2" (ihl) : "memory"); return (__force __sum16)sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_nofold - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the pseudo header checksum the input data. Result is * 32bit unfolded. */ static inline __wsum csum_tcpudp_nofold(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { asm(" addl %1, %0\n" " adcl %2, %0\n" " adcl %3, %0\n" " adcl $0, %0\n" : "=r" (sum) : "g" (daddr), "g" (saddr), "g" ((len + proto)<<8), "0" (sum)); return sum; } /** * csum_tcpup_magic - Compute an IPv4 pseudo header checksum. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: ip protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 16bit pseudo header checksum the input data already * complemented and ready to be filled in. */ static inline __sum16 csum_tcpudp_magic(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum) { return csum_fold(csum_tcpudp_nofold(saddr, daddr, len, proto, sum)); } /** * csum_partial - Compute an internet checksum. * @buff: buffer to be checksummed * @len: length of buffer. * @sum: initial sum to be added in (32bit unfolded) * * Returns the 32bit unfolded internet checksum of the buffer. * Before filling it in it needs to be csum_fold()'ed. * buff should be aligned to a 64bit boundary if possible. */ extern __wsum csum_partial(const void *buff, int len, __wsum sum); /* Do not call this directly. Use the wrappers below */ extern __visible __wsum csum_partial_copy_generic(const void *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src, void *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src, void __user *dst, int len); extern __wsum csum_partial_copy_nocheck(const void *src, void *dst, int len); /** * ip_compute_csum - Compute an 16bit IP checksum. * @buff: buffer address. * @len: length of buffer. * * Returns the 16bit folded/inverted checksum of the passed buffer. * Ready to fill in. */ extern __sum16 ip_compute_csum(const void *buff, int len); /** * csum_ipv6_magic - Compute checksum of an IPv6 pseudo header. * @saddr: source address * @daddr: destination address * @len: length of packet * @proto: protocol of packet * @sum: initial sum (32bit unfolded) to be added in * * Computes an IPv6 pseudo header checksum. This sum is added the checksum * into UDP/TCP packets and contains some link layer information. * Returns the unfolded 32bit checksum. */ struct in6_addr; #define _HAVE_ARCH_IPV6_CSUM 1 extern __sum16 csum_ipv6_magic(const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __u32 len, __u8 proto, __wsum sum); static inline unsigned add32_with_carry(unsigned a, unsigned b) { asm("addl %2,%0\n\t" "adcl $0,%0" : "=r" (a) : "0" (a), "rm" (b)); return a; } #define HAVE_ARCH_CSUM_ADD static inline __wsum csum_add(__wsum csum, __wsum addend) { return (__force __wsum)add32_with_carry((__force unsigned)csum, (__force unsigned)addend); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_CHECKSUM_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Helper routines for building identity mapping page tables. This is * included by both the compressed kernel and the regular kernel. */ static void ident_pmd_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { addr &= PMD_MASK; for (; addr < end; addr += PMD_SIZE) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_page + pmd_index(addr); if (pmd_present(*pmd)) continue; set_pmd(pmd, __pmd((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag)); } } static int ident_pud_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pud_t *pud = pud_page + pud_index(addr); pmd_t *pmd; next = (addr & PUD_MASK) + PUD_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (info->direct_gbpages) { pud_t pudval; if (pud_present(*pud)) continue; addr &= PUD_MASK; pudval = __pud((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag); set_pud(pud, pudval); continue; } if (pud_present(*pud)) { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0); ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); continue; } pmd = (pmd_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } static int ident_p4d_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; int result; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { p4d_t *p4d = p4d_page + p4d_index(addr); pud_t *pud; next = (addr & P4D_MASK) + P4D_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (p4d_present(*p4d)) { pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } pud = (pud_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } int kernel_ident_mapping_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *pgd_page, unsigned long pstart, unsigned long pend) { unsigned long addr = pstart + info->offset; unsigned long end = pend + info->offset; unsigned long next; int result; /* Set the default pagetable flags if not supplied */ if (!info->kernpg_flag) info->kernpg_flag = _KERNPG_TABLE; /* Filter out unsupported __PAGE_KERNEL_* bits: */ info->kernpg_flag &= __default_kernel_pte_mask; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_page + pgd_index(addr); p4d_t *p4d; next = (addr & PGDIR_MASK) + PGDIR_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (pgd_present(*pgd)) { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, 0); result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } p4d = (p4d_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) { set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(p4d) | info->kernpg_flag)); } else { /* * With p4d folded, pgd is equal to p4d. * The pgd entry has to point to the pud page table in this case. */ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } } return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_RTNH_H #define __NET_RTNH_H #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> static inline int rtnh_ok(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int)sizeof(*rtnh) && rtnh->rtnh_len >= sizeof(*rtnh) && rtnh->rtnh_len <= remaining; } static inline struct rtnexthop *rtnh_next(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(rtnh->rtnh_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct rtnexthop *) ((char *) rtnh + totlen); } static inline struct nlattr *rtnh_attrs(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh) { return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) rtnh + NLA_ALIGN(sizeof(*rtnh))); } static inline int rtnh_attrlen(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh) { return rtnh->rtnh_len - NLA_ALIGN(sizeof(*rtnh)); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_MLD_H #define LINUX_MLD_H #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/icmpv6.h> /* MLDv1 Query/Report/Done */ struct mld_msg { struct icmp6hdr mld_hdr; struct in6_addr mld_mca; }; #define mld_type mld_hdr.icmp6_type #define mld_code mld_hdr.icmp6_code #define mld_cksum mld_hdr.icmp6_cksum #define mld_maxdelay mld_hdr.icmp6_maxdelay #define mld_reserved mld_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[1] /* Multicast Listener Discovery version 2 headers */ /* MLDv2 Report */ struct mld2_grec { __u8 grec_type; __u8 grec_auxwords; __be16 grec_nsrcs; struct in6_addr grec_mca; struct in6_addr grec_src[]; }; struct mld2_report { struct icmp6hdr mld2r_hdr; struct mld2_grec mld2r_grec[]; }; #define mld2r_type mld2r_hdr.icmp6_type #define mld2r_resv1 mld2r_hdr.icmp6_code #define mld2r_cksum mld2r_hdr.icmp6_cksum #define mld2r_resv2 mld2r_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[0] #define mld2r_ngrec mld2r_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[1] /* MLDv2 Query */ struct mld2_query { struct icmp6hdr mld2q_hdr; struct in6_addr mld2q_mca; #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 mld2q_qrv:3, mld2q_suppress:1, mld2q_resv2:4; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 mld2q_resv2:4, mld2q_suppress:1, mld2q_qrv:3; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif __u8 mld2q_qqic; __be16 mld2q_nsrcs; struct in6_addr mld2q_srcs[]; }; #define mld2q_type mld2q_hdr.icmp6_type #define mld2q_code mld2q_hdr.icmp6_code #define mld2q_cksum mld2q_hdr.icmp6_cksum #define mld2q_mrc mld2q_hdr.icmp6_maxdelay #define mld2q_resv1 mld2q_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[1] /* RFC3810, 5.1.3. Maximum Response Code: * * If Maximum Response Code >= 32768, Maximum Response Code represents a * floating-point value as follows: * * 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ * |1| exp | mant | * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */ #define MLDV2_MRC_EXP(value) (((value) >> 12) & 0x0007) #define MLDV2_MRC_MAN(value) ((value) & 0x0fff) /* RFC3810, 5.1.9. QQIC (Querier's Query Interval Code): * * If QQIC >= 128, QQIC represents a floating-point value as follows: * * 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ * |1| exp | mant | * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */ #define MLDV2_QQIC_EXP(value) (((value) >> 4) & 0x07) #define MLDV2_QQIC_MAN(value) ((value) & 0x0f) #define MLD_EXP_MIN_LIMIT 32768UL #define MLDV1_MRD_MAX_COMPAT (MLD_EXP_MIN_LIMIT - 1) static inline unsigned long mldv2_mrc(const struct mld2_query *mlh2) { /* RFC3810, 5.1.3. Maximum Response Code */ unsigned long ret, mc_mrc = ntohs(mlh2->mld2q_mrc); if (mc_mrc < MLD_EXP_MIN_LIMIT) { ret = mc_mrc; } else { unsigned long mc_man, mc_exp; mc_exp = MLDV2_MRC_EXP(mc_mrc); mc_man = MLDV2_MRC_MAN(mc_mrc); ret = (mc_man | 0x1000) << (mc_exp + 3); } return ret; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Wireless configuration interface internals. * * Copyright 2006-2010 Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> * Copyright (C) 2018-2020 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/rfkill.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/genetlink.h> #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include "reg.h" #define WIPHY_IDX_INVALID -1 struct cfg80211_registered_device { const struct cfg80211_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* rfkill support */ struct rfkill_ops rfkill_ops; struct rfkill *rfkill; struct work_struct rfkill_block; /* ISO / IEC 3166 alpha2 for which this device is receiving * country IEs on, this can help disregard country IEs from APs * on the same alpha2 quickly. The alpha2 may differ from * cfg80211_regdomain's alpha2 when an intersection has occurred. * If the AP is reconfigured this can also be used to tell us if * the country on the country IE changed. */ char country_ie_alpha2[2]; /* * the driver requests the regulatory core to set this regulatory * domain as the wiphy's. Only used for %REGULATORY_WIPHY_SELF_MANAGED * devices using the regulatory_set_wiphy_regd() API */ const struct ieee80211_regdomain *requested_regd; /* If a Country IE has been received this tells us the environment * which its telling us its in. This defaults to ENVIRON_ANY */ enum environment_cap env; /* wiphy index, internal only */ int wiphy_idx; /* protected by RTNL */ int devlist_generation, wdev_id; int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; struct list_head beacon_registrations; spinlock_t beacon_registrations_lock; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; int num_running_monitor_ifaces; u64 cookie_counter; /* BSSes/scanning */ spinlock_t bss_lock; struct list_head bss_list; struct rb_root bss_tree; u32 bss_generation; u32 bss_entries; struct cfg80211_scan_request *scan_req; /* protected by RTNL */ struct cfg80211_scan_request *int_scan_req; struct sk_buff *scan_msg; struct list_head sched_scan_req_list; time64_t suspend_at; struct work_struct scan_done_wk; struct genl_info *cur_cmd_info; struct work_struct conn_work; struct work_struct event_work; struct delayed_work dfs_update_channels_wk; /* netlink port which started critical protocol (0 means not started) */ u32 crit_proto_nlportid; struct cfg80211_coalesce *coalesce; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct work_struct sched_scan_stop_wk; struct work_struct sched_scan_res_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def radar_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_radar_detect_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def cac_done_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_cac_done_wk; struct work_struct mgmt_registrations_update_wk; /* lock for all wdev lists */ spinlock_t mgmt_registrations_lock; /* must be last because of the way we do wiphy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wiphy wiphy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg80211_registered_device *wiphy_to_rdev(struct wiphy *wiphy) { BUG_ON(!wiphy); return container_of(wiphy, struct cfg80211_registered_device, wiphy); } static inline void cfg80211_rdev_free_wowlan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { #ifdef CONFIG_PM int i; if (!rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config) return; for (i = 0; i < rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->n_patterns; i++) kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns[i].mask); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns); if (rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp && rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock) sock_release(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->nd_config); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config); #endif } static inline u64 cfg80211_assign_cookie(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { u64 r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; if (WARN_ON(r == 0)) r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; return r; } extern struct workqueue_struct *cfg80211_wq; extern struct list_head cfg80211_rdev_list; extern int cfg80211_rdev_list_generation; struct cfg80211_internal_bss { struct list_head list; struct list_head hidden_list; struct rb_node rbn; u64 ts_boottime; unsigned long ts; unsigned long refcount; atomic_t hold; /* time at the start of the reception of the first octet of the * timestamp field of the last beacon/probe received for this BSS. * The time is the TSF of the BSS specified by %parent_bssid. */ u64 parent_tsf; /* the BSS according to which %parent_tsf is set. This is set to * the BSS that the interface that requested the scan was connected to * when the beacon/probe was received. */ u8 parent_bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); /* must be last because of priv member */ struct cfg80211_bss pub; }; static inline struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss_from_pub(struct cfg80211_bss *pub) { return container_of(pub, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); } static inline void cfg80211_hold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { atomic_inc(&bss->hold); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); atomic_inc(&bss->hold); } } static inline void cfg80211_unhold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { int r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); } } struct cfg80211_registered_device *cfg80211_rdev_by_wiphy_idx(int wiphy_idx); int get_wiphy_idx(struct wiphy *wiphy); struct wiphy *wiphy_idx_to_wiphy(int wiphy_idx); int cfg80211_switch_netns(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); void cfg80211_init_wdev(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_register_wdev(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); static inline void wdev_lock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __acquires(wdev) { mutex_lock(&wdev->mtx); __acquire(wdev->mtx); } static inline void wdev_unlock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __releases(wdev) { __release(wdev->mtx); mutex_unlock(&wdev->mtx); } #define ASSERT_WDEV_LOCK(wdev) lockdep_assert_held(&(wdev)->mtx) static inline bool cfg80211_has_monitors_only(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); return rdev->num_running_ifaces == rdev->num_running_monitor_ifaces && rdev->num_running_ifaces > 0; } enum cfg80211_event_type { EVENT_CONNECT_RESULT, EVENT_ROAMED, EVENT_DISCONNECTED, EVENT_IBSS_JOINED, EVENT_STOPPED, EVENT_PORT_AUTHORIZED, }; struct cfg80211_event { struct list_head list; enum cfg80211_event_type type; union { struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params cr; struct cfg80211_roam_info rm; struct { const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u16 reason; bool locally_generated; } dc; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; struct ieee80211_channel *channel; } ij; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; } pa; }; }; struct cfg80211_cached_keys { struct key_params params[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS]; u8 data[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS][WLAN_KEY_LEN_WEP104]; int def; }; enum cfg80211_chan_mode { CHAN_MODE_UNDEFINED, CHAN_MODE_SHARED, CHAN_MODE_EXCLUSIVE, }; struct cfg80211_beacon_registration { struct list_head list; u32 nlportid; }; struct cfg80211_cqm_config { u32 rssi_hyst; s32 last_rssi_event_value; int n_rssi_thresholds; s32 rssi_thresholds[]; }; void cfg80211_destroy_ifaces(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* free object */ void cfg80211_dev_free(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); int cfg80211_dev_rename(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, char *newname); void ieee80211_set_bitrate_flags(struct wiphy *wiphy); void cfg80211_bss_expire(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_bss_age(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, unsigned long age_secs); void cfg80211_update_assoc_bss_entry(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); /* IBSS */ int __cfg80211_join_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_ibss_params *params, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys); void cfg80211_clear_ibss(struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int __cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); void __cfg80211_ibss_joined(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); int cfg80211_ibss_wext_join(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* mesh */ extern const struct mesh_config default_mesh_config; extern const struct mesh_setup default_mesh_setup; int __cfg80211_join_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct mesh_setup *setup, const struct mesh_config *conf); int __cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_set_mesh_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); /* OCB */ int __cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int __cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); /* AP */ int __cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); int cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); /* MLME */ int cfg80211_mlme_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, enum nl80211_auth_type auth_type, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, const u8 *key, int key_len, int key_idx, const u8 *auth_data, int auth_data_len); int cfg80211_mlme_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, struct cfg80211_assoc_request *req); int cfg80211_mlme_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); int cfg80211_mlme_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); void cfg80211_mlme_down(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_mlme_register_mgmt(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 snd_pid, u16 frame_type, const u8 *match_data, int match_len, bool multicast_rx, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void cfg80211_mgmt_registrations_update_wk(struct work_struct *wk); void cfg80211_mlme_unregister_socket(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid); void cfg80211_mlme_purge_registrations(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_mlme_mgmt_tx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_mgmt_tx_params *params, u64 *cookie); void cfg80211_oper_and_ht_capa(struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa, const struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa_mask); void cfg80211_oper_and_vht_capa(struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa, const struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa_mask); /* SME events */ int cfg80211_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_params *connect, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys, const u8 *prev_bssid); void __cfg80211_connect_result(struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_disconnected(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, u16 reason, bool from_ap); int cfg80211_disconnect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, u16 reason, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_roamed(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info); void __cfg80211_port_authorized(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *bssid); int cfg80211_mgd_wext_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_autodisconnect_wk(struct work_struct *work); /* SME implementation */ void cfg80211_conn_work(struct work_struct *work); void cfg80211_sme_scan_done(struct net_device *dev); bool cfg80211_sme_rx_assoc_resp(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u16 status); void cfg80211_sme_rx_auth(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len); void cfg80211_sme_disassoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_deauth(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_auth_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_assoc_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_abandon_assoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* internal helpers */ bool cfg80211_supported_cipher_suite(struct wiphy *wiphy, u32 cipher); bool cfg80211_valid_key_idx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, int key_idx, bool pairwise); int cfg80211_validate_key_settings(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct key_params *params, int key_idx, bool pairwise, const u8 *mac_addr); void __cfg80211_scan_done(struct work_struct *wk); void ___cfg80211_scan_done(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool send_message); void cfg80211_add_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req); int cfg80211_sched_scan_req_possible(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool want_multi); void cfg80211_sched_scan_results_wk(struct work_struct *work); int cfg80211_stop_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, bool driver_initiated); int __cfg80211_stop_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, u64 reqid, bool driver_initiated); void cfg80211_upload_connect_keys(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_change_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, enum nl80211_iftype ntype, struct vif_params *params); void cfg80211_process_rdev_events(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_process_wdev_events(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_does_bw_fit_range(const struct ieee80211_freq_range *freq_range, u32 center_freq_khz, u32 bw_khz); int cfg80211_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); extern struct work_struct cfg80211_disconnect_work; /** * cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable - checks if chandef is DFS usable * @wiphy: the wiphy to validate against * @chandef: the channel definition to check * * Checks if chandef is usable and we can/need start CAC on such channel. * * Return: true if all channels available and at least * one channel requires CAC (NL80211_DFS_USABLE) */ bool cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_set_dfs_state(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_dfs_state dfs_state); void cfg80211_dfs_channels_update_work(struct work_struct *work); unsigned int cfg80211_chandef_dfs_cac_time(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_sched_dfs_chan_update(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); bool cfg80211_any_wiphy_oper_chan(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); bool cfg80211_beaconing_iface_active(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_is_sub_chan(struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); static inline unsigned int elapsed_jiffies_msecs(unsigned long start) { unsigned long end = jiffies; if (end >= start) return jiffies_to_msecs(end - start); return jiffies_to_msecs(end + (ULONG_MAX - start) + 1); } void cfg80211_get_chan_state(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel **chan, enum cfg80211_chan_mode *chanmode, u8 *radar_detect); int cfg80211_set_monitor_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int ieee80211_get_ratemask(struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, const u8 *rates, unsigned int n_rates, u32 *mask); int cfg80211_validate_beacon_int(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_iftype iftype, u32 beacon_int); void cfg80211_update_iface_num(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_iftype iftype, int num); void __cfg80211_leave(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_leave(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_stop_p2p_device(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_stop_nan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); struct cfg80211_internal_bss * cfg80211_bss_update(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_internal_bss *tmp, bool signal_valid, unsigned long ts); #ifdef CONFIG_CFG80211_DEVELOPER_WARNINGS #define CFG80211_DEV_WARN_ON(cond) WARN_ON(cond) #else /* * Trick to enable using it as a condition, * and also not give a warning when it's * not used that way. */ #define CFG80211_DEV_WARN_ON(cond) ({bool __r = (cond); __r; }) #endif void cfg80211_cqm_config_free(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_release_pmsr(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 portid); void cfg80211_pmsr_wdev_down(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_pmsr_free_wk(struct work_struct *work); #endif /* __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* internal.h: mm/ internal definitions * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef __MM_INTERNAL_H #define __MM_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> /* * The set of flags that only affect watermark checking and reclaim * behaviour. This is used by the MM to obey the caller constraints * about IO, FS and watermark checking while ignoring placement * hints such as HIGHMEM usage. */ #define GFP_RECLAIM_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS|\ __GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL|__GFP_NOFAIL|\ __GFP_NORETRY|__GFP_MEMALLOC|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|\ __GFP_ATOMIC) /* The GFP flags allowed during early boot */ #define GFP_BOOT_MASK (__GFP_BITS_MASK & ~(__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS)) /* Control allocation cpuset and node placement constraints */ #define GFP_CONSTRAINT_MASK (__GFP_HARDWALL|__GFP_THISNODE) /* Do not use these with a slab allocator */ #define GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK (__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_HIGHMEM|~__GFP_BITS_MASK) void page_writeback_init(void); vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); static inline bool can_madv_lru_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !(vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED|VM_HUGETLB|VM_PFNMAP)); } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details); void do_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_size); void force_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, unsigned long nr); static inline void force_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *file, pgoff_t index, unsigned long nr_to_read) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); force_page_cache_ra(&ractl, &file->f_ra, nr_to_read); } struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); /** * page_evictable - test whether a page is evictable * @page: the page to test * * Test whether page is evictable--i.e., should be placed on active/inactive * lists vs unevictable list. * * Reasons page might not be evictable: * (1) page's mapping marked unevictable * (2) page is part of an mlocked VMA * */ static inline bool page_evictable(struct page *page) { bool ret; /* Prevent address_space of inode and swap cache from being freed */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = !mapping_unevictable(page_mapping(page)) && !PageMlocked(page); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Turn a non-refcounted page (->_refcount == 0) into refcounted with * a count of one. */ static inline void set_page_refcounted(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page), page); set_page_count(page, 1); } extern unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn; /* * Maximum number of reclaim retries without progress before the OOM * killer is consider the only way forward. */ #define MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES 16 /* * in mm/vmscan.c: */ extern int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page); extern void putback_lru_page(struct page *page); /* * in mm/rmap.c: */ extern pmd_t *mm_find_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address); /* * in mm/page_alloc.c */ /* * Structure for holding the mostly immutable allocation parameters passed * between functions involved in allocations, including the alloc_pages* * family of functions. * * nodemask, migratetype and highest_zoneidx are initialized only once in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() and then never change. * * zonelist, preferred_zone and highest_zoneidx are set first in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() for the fast path, and might be later changed * in __alloc_pages_slowpath(). All other functions pass the whole structure * by a const pointer. */ struct alloc_context { struct zonelist *zonelist; nodemask_t *nodemask; struct zoneref *preferred_zoneref; int migratetype; /* * highest_zoneidx represents highest usable zone index of * the allocation request. Due to the nature of the zone, * memory on lower zone than the highest_zoneidx will be * protected by lowmem_reserve[highest_zoneidx]. * * highest_zoneidx is also used by reclaim/compaction to limit * the target zone since higher zone than this index cannot be * usable for this allocation request. */ enum zone_type highest_zoneidx; bool spread_dirty_pages; }; /* * Locate the struct page for both the matching buddy in our * pair (buddy1) and the combined O(n+1) page they form (page). * * 1) Any buddy B1 will have an order O twin B2 which satisfies * the following equation: * B2 = B1 ^ (1 << O) * For example, if the starting buddy (buddy2) is #8 its order * 1 buddy is #10: * B2 = 8 ^ (1 << 1) = 8 ^ 2 = 10 * * 2) Any buddy B will have an order O+1 parent P which * satisfies the following equation: * P = B & ~(1 << O) * * Assumption: *_mem_map is contiguous at least up to MAX_ORDER */ static inline unsigned long __find_buddy_pfn(unsigned long page_pfn, unsigned int order) { return page_pfn ^ (1 << order); } extern struct page *__pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone); static inline struct page *pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone) { if (zone->contiguous) return pfn_to_page(start_pfn); return __pageblock_pfn_to_page(start_pfn, end_pfn, zone); } extern int __isolate_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void __putback_isolated_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int mt); extern void memblock_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn, unsigned int order); extern void __free_pages_core(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void post_alloc_hook(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags); extern int user_min_free_kbytes; extern void zone_pcp_update(struct zone *zone); extern void zone_pcp_reset(struct zone *zone); #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* * in mm/compaction.c */ /* * compact_control is used to track pages being migrated and the free pages * they are being migrated to during memory compaction. The free_pfn starts * at the end of a zone and migrate_pfn begins at the start. Movable pages * are moved to the end of a zone during a compaction run and the run * completes when free_pfn <= migrate_pfn */ struct compact_control { struct list_head freepages; /* List of free pages to migrate to */ struct list_head migratepages; /* List of pages being migrated */ unsigned int nr_freepages; /* Number of isolated free pages */ unsigned int nr_migratepages; /* Number of pages to migrate */ unsigned long free_pfn; /* isolate_freepages search base */ unsigned long migrate_pfn; /* isolate_migratepages search base */ unsigned long fast_start_pfn; /* a pfn to start linear scan from */ struct zone *zone; unsigned long total_migrate_scanned; unsigned long total_free_scanned; unsigned short fast_search_fail;/* failures to use free list searches */ short search_order; /* order to start a fast search at */ const gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask of a direct compactor */ int order; /* order a direct compactor needs */ int migratetype; /* migratetype of direct compactor */ const unsigned int alloc_flags; /* alloc flags of a direct compactor */ const int highest_zoneidx; /* zone index of a direct compactor */ enum migrate_mode mode; /* Async or sync migration mode */ bool ignore_skip_hint; /* Scan blocks even if marked skip */ bool no_set_skip_hint; /* Don't mark blocks for skipping */ bool ignore_block_suitable; /* Scan blocks considered unsuitable */ bool direct_compaction; /* False from kcompactd or /proc/... */ bool proactive_compaction; /* kcompactd proactive compaction */ bool whole_zone; /* Whole zone should/has been scanned */ bool contended; /* Signal lock or sched contention */ bool rescan; /* Rescanning the same pageblock */ bool alloc_contig; /* alloc_contig_range allocation */ }; /* * Used in direct compaction when a page should be taken from the freelists * immediately when one is created during the free path. */ struct capture_control { struct compact_control *cc; struct page *page; }; unsigned long isolate_freepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); unsigned long isolate_migratepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long low_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); int find_suitable_fallback(struct free_area *area, unsigned int order, int migratetype, bool only_stealable, bool *can_steal); #endif /* * This function returns the order of a free page in the buddy system. In * general, page_zone(page)->lock must be held by the caller to prevent the * page from being allocated in parallel and returning garbage as the order. * If a caller does not hold page_zone(page)->lock, it must guarantee that the * page cannot be allocated or merged in parallel. Alternatively, it must * handle invalid values gracefully, and use buddy_order_unsafe() below. */ static inline unsigned int buddy_order(struct page *page) { /* PageBuddy() must be checked by the caller */ return page_private(page); } /* * Like buddy_order(), but for callers who cannot afford to hold the zone lock. * PageBuddy() should be checked first by the caller to minimize race window, * and invalid values must be handled gracefully. * * READ_ONCE is used so that if the caller assigns the result into a local * variable and e.g. tests it for valid range before using, the compiler cannot * decide to remove the variable and inline the page_private(page) multiple * times, potentially observing different values in the tests and the actual * use of the result. */ #define buddy_order_unsafe(page) READ_ONCE(page_private(page)) static inline bool is_cow_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYWRITE)) == VM_MAYWRITE; } /* * These three helpers classifies VMAs for virtual memory accounting. */ /* * Executable code area - executable, not writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_exec_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE | VM_STACK)) == VM_EXEC; } /* * Stack area - atomatically grows in one direction * * VM_GROWSUP / VM_GROWSDOWN VMAs are always private anonymous: * do_mmap() forbids all other combinations. */ static inline bool is_stack_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & VM_STACK) == VM_STACK; } /* * Data area - private, writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_data_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED | VM_STACK)) == VM_WRITE; } /* mm/util.c */ void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev); void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int *nonblocking); extern void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void munlock_vma_pages_all(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { munlock_vma_pages_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); } /* * must be called with vma's mmap_lock held for read or write, and page locked. */ extern void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page); extern unsigned int munlock_vma_page(struct page *page); /* * Clear the page's PageMlocked(). This can be useful in a situation where * we want to unconditionally remove a page from the pagecache -- e.g., * on truncation or freeing. * * It is legal to call this function for any page, mlocked or not. * If called for a page that is still mapped by mlocked vmas, all we do * is revert to lazy LRU behaviour -- semantics are not broken. */ extern void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page); /* * mlock_migrate_page - called only from migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() * (because that does not go through the full procedure of migration ptes): * to migrate the Mlocked page flag; update statistics. */ static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page) { if (TestClearPageMlocked(page)) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); /* Holding pmd lock, no change in irq context: __mod is safe */ __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, -nr_pages); SetPageMlocked(newpage); __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(newpage), NR_MLOCK, nr_pages); } } extern pmd_t maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* * At what user virtual address is page expected in vma? * Returns -EFAULT if all of the page is outside the range of vma. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page); if (pgoff >= vma->vm_pgoff) { address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end) address = -EFAULT; } else if (PageHead(page) && pgoff + compound_nr(page) - 1 >= vma->vm_pgoff) { /* Test above avoids possibility of wrap to 0 on 32-bit */ address = vma->vm_start; } else { address = -EFAULT; } return address; } /* * Then at what user virtual address will none of the page be found in vma? * Assumes that vma_address() already returned a good starting address. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address_end(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page) + compound_nr(page); address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address > vma->vm_end) address = vma->vm_end; return address; } static inline struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct file *fpin) { int flags = vmf->flags; if (fpin) return fpin; /* * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_lock if only * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set, while this is the first attempt. */ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags) && !(flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) { fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file); mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm); } return fpin; } #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */ static inline void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *new, struct page *old) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_MMU */ /* * Return the mem_map entry representing the 'offset' subpage within * the maximally aligned gigantic page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity * in the mem_map at MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES boundaries. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_offset(struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely(offset >= MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) return nth_page(base, offset); return base + offset; } /* * Iterator over all subpages within the maximally aligned gigantic * page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity in the mem_map. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_next(struct page *iter, struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely((offset & (MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES - 1)) == 0)) { unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(base) + offset; if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; return pfn_to_page(pfn); } return iter + 1; } /* Memory initialisation debug and verification */ enum mminit_level { MMINIT_WARNING, MMINIT_VERIFY, MMINIT_TRACE }; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT extern int mminit_loglevel; #define mminit_dprintk(level, prefix, fmt, arg...) \ do { \ if (level < mminit_loglevel) { \ if (level <= MMINIT_WARNING) \ pr_warn("mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ else \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ } \ } while (0) extern void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void); extern void mminit_verify_zonelist(void); #else static inline void mminit_dprintk(enum mminit_level level, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void) { } static inline void mminit_verify_zonelist(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ /* mminit_validate_memmodel_limits is independent of CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) extern void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); #else static inline void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ #define NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN -2 #define NODE_RECLAIM_FULL -1 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SOME 0 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SUCCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *, gfp_t, unsigned int); #else static inline int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t mask, unsigned int order) { return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; } #endif extern int hwpoison_filter(struct page *p); extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_major; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_minor; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_mask; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_value; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_memcg; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_enable; extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void set_pageblock_order(void); unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone, struct list_head *page_list); /* The ALLOC_WMARK bits are used as an index to zone->watermark */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MIN WMARK_MIN #define ALLOC_WMARK_LOW WMARK_LOW #define ALLOC_WMARK_HIGH WMARK_HIGH #define ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS 0x04 /* don't check watermarks at all */ /* Mask to get the watermark bits */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MASK (ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS-1) /* * Only MMU archs have async oom victim reclaim - aka oom_reaper so we * cannot assume a reduced access to memory reserves is sufficient for * !MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define ALLOC_OOM 0x08 #else #define ALLOC_OOM ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS #endif #define ALLOC_HARDER 0x10 /* try to alloc harder */ #define ALLOC_HIGH 0x20 /* __GFP_HIGH set */ #define ALLOC_CPUSET 0x40 /* check for correct cpuset */ #define ALLOC_CMA 0x80 /* allow allocations from CMA areas */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x100 /* avoid mixing pageblock types */ #else #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x0 #endif #define ALLOC_KSWAPD 0x800 /* allow waking of kswapd, __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM set */ enum ttu_flags; struct tlbflush_unmap_batch; /* * only for MM internal work items which do not depend on * any allocations or locks which might depend on allocations */ extern struct workqueue_struct *mm_percpu_wq; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH void try_to_unmap_flush(void); void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void); void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void try_to_unmap_flush(void) { } static inline void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void) { } static inline void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH */ extern const struct trace_print_flags pageflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags vmaflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags gfpflag_names[]; static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic(enum migratetype migratetype) { return migratetype == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic_page(struct page *page) { return get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } void setup_zone_pageset(struct zone *zone); struct migration_target_control { int nid; /* preferred node id */ nodemask_t *nmask; gfp_t gfp_mask; }; #endif /* __MM_INTERNAL_H */
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5178 5179 5180 5181 5182 5183 5184 5185 5186 5187 5188 5189 5190 5191 5192 5193 5194 5195 5196 5197 5198 5199 5200 5201 5202 5203 5204 5205 5206 5207 5208 5209 5210 5211 5212 5213 5214 5215 5216 5217 5218 5219 5220 5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
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GPL-2.0-only /* * fs/fs-writeback.c * * Copyright (C) 2002, Linus Torvalds. * * Contains all the functions related to writing back and waiting * upon dirty inodes against superblocks, and writing back dirty * pages against inodes. ie: data writeback. Writeout of the * inode itself is not handled here. * * 10Apr2002 Andrew Morton * Split out of fs/inode.c * Additions for address_space-based writeback */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include "internal.h" /* * 4MB minimal write chunk size */ #define MIN_WRITEBACK_PAGES (4096UL >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10)) /* * Passed into wb_writeback(), essentially a subset of writeback_control */ struct wb_writeback_work { long nr_pages; struct super_block *sb; enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode; unsigned int tagged_writepages:1; unsigned int for_kupdate:1; unsigned int range_cyclic:1; unsigned int for_background:1; unsigned int for_sync:1; /* sync(2) WB_SYNC_ALL writeback */ unsigned int auto_free:1; /* free on completion */ enum wb_reason reason; /* why was writeback initiated? */ struct list_head list; /* pending work list */ struct wb_completion *done; /* set if the caller waits */ }; /* * If an inode is constantly having its pages dirtied, but then the * updates stop dirtytime_expire_interval seconds in the past, it's * possible for the worst case time between when an inode has its * timestamps updated and when they finally get written out to be two * dirtytime_expire_intervals. We set the default to 12 hours (in * seconds), which means most of the time inodes will have their * timestamps written to disk after 12 hours, but in the worst case a * few inodes might not their timestamps updated for 24 hours. */ unsigned int dirtytime_expire_interval = 12 * 60 * 60; static inline struct inode *wb_inode(struct list_head *head) { return list_entry(head, struct inode, i_io_list); } /* * Include the creation of the trace points after defining the * wb_writeback_work structure and inline functions so that the definition * remains local to this file. */ #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/writeback.h> EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(wbc_writepage); static bool wb_io_lists_populated(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb)) { return false; } else { set_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state); WARN_ON_ONCE(!wb->avg_write_bandwidth); atomic_long_add(wb->avg_write_bandwidth, &wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth); return true; } } static void wb_io_lists_depopulated(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && list_empty(&wb->b_dirty) && list_empty(&wb->b_io) && list_empty(&wb->b_more_io)) { clear_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state); WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_long_sub_return(wb->avg_write_bandwidth, &wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth) < 0); } } /** * inode_io_list_move_locked - move an inode onto a bdi_writeback IO list * @inode: inode to be moved * @wb: target bdi_writeback * @head: one of @wb->b_{dirty|io|more_io|dirty_time} * * Move @inode->i_io_list to @list of @wb and set %WB_has_dirty_io. * Returns %true if @inode is the first occupant of the !dirty_time IO * lists; otherwise, %false. */ static bool inode_io_list_move_locked(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct list_head *head) { assert_spin_locked(&wb->list_lock); list_move(&inode->i_io_list, head); /* dirty_time doesn't count as dirty_io until expiration */ if (head != &wb->b_dirty_time) return wb_io_lists_populated(wb); wb_io_lists_depopulated(wb); return false; } /** * inode_io_list_del_locked - remove an inode from its bdi_writeback IO list * @inode: inode to be removed * @wb: bdi_writeback @inode is being removed from * * Remove @inode which may be on one of @wb->b_{dirty|io|more_io} lists and * clear %WB_has_dirty_io if all are empty afterwards. */ static void inode_io_list_del_locked(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { assert_spin_locked(&wb->list_lock); assert_spin_locked(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state &= ~I_SYNC_QUEUED; list_del_init(&inode->i_io_list); wb_io_lists_depopulated(wb); } static void wb_wakeup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock); if (test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state)) mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, 0); spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock); } static void finish_writeback_work(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work) { struct wb_completion *done = work->done; if (work->auto_free) kfree(work); if (done) { wait_queue_head_t *waitq = done->waitq; /* @done can't be accessed after the following dec */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&done->cnt)) wake_up_all(waitq); } } static void wb_queue_work(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work) { trace_writeback_queue(wb, work); if (work->done) atomic_inc(&work->done->cnt); spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock); if (test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state)) { list_add_tail(&work->list, &wb->work_list); mod_delayed_work(bdi_wq, &wb->dwork, 0); } else finish_writeback_work(wb, work); spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock); } /** * wb_wait_for_completion - wait for completion of bdi_writeback_works * @done: target wb_completion * * Wait for one or more work items issued to @bdi with their ->done field * set to @done, which should have been initialized with * DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION(). This function returns after all such work items * are completed. Work items which are waited upon aren't freed * automatically on completion. */ void wb_wait_for_completion(struct wb_completion *done) { atomic_dec(&done->cnt); /* put down the initial count */ wait_event(*done->waitq, !atomic_read(&done->cnt)); } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK /* * Parameters for foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() to see * how they're used. * * These paramters are inherently heuristical as the detection target * itself is fuzzy. All we want to do is detaching an inode from the * current owner if it's being written to by some other cgroups too much. * * The current cgroup writeback is built on the assumption that multiple * cgroups writing to the same inode concurrently is very rare and a mode * of operation which isn't well supported. As such, the goal is not * taking too long when a different cgroup takes over an inode while * avoiding too aggressive flip-flops from occasional foreign writes. * * We record, very roughly, 2s worth of IO time history and if more than * half of that is foreign, trigger the switch. The recording is quantized * to 16 slots. To avoid tiny writes from swinging the decision too much, * writes smaller than 1/8 of avg size are ignored. */ #define WB_FRN_TIME_SHIFT 13 /* 1s = 2^13, upto 8 secs w/ 16bit */ #define WB_FRN_TIME_AVG_SHIFT 3 /* avg = avg * 7/8 + new * 1/8 */ #define WB_FRN_TIME_CUT_DIV 8 /* ignore rounds < avg / 8 */ #define WB_FRN_TIME_PERIOD (2 * (1 << WB_FRN_TIME_SHIFT)) /* 2s */ #define WB_FRN_HIST_SLOTS 16 /* inode->i_wb_frn_history is 16bit */ #define WB_FRN_HIST_UNIT (WB_FRN_TIME_PERIOD / WB_FRN_HIST_SLOTS) /* each slot's duration is 2s / 16 */ #define WB_FRN_HIST_THR_SLOTS (WB_FRN_HIST_SLOTS / 2) /* if foreign slots >= 8, switch */ #define WB_FRN_HIST_MAX_SLOTS (WB_FRN_HIST_THR_SLOTS / 2 + 1) /* one round can affect upto 5 slots */ #define WB_FRN_MAX_IN_FLIGHT 1024 /* don't queue too many concurrently */ static atomic_t isw_nr_in_flight = ATOMIC_INIT(0); static struct workqueue_struct *isw_wq; void __inode_attach_wb(struct inode *inode, struct page *page) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); struct bdi_writeback *wb = NULL; if (inode_cgwb_enabled(inode)) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; if (page) { memcg_css = mem_cgroup_css_from_page(page); wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, GFP_ATOMIC); } else { /* must pin memcg_css, see wb_get_create() */ memcg_css = task_get_css(current, memory_cgrp_id); wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, GFP_ATOMIC); css_put(memcg_css); } } if (!wb) wb = &bdi->wb; /* * There may be multiple instances of this function racing to * update the same inode. Use cmpxchg() to tell the winner. */ if (unlikely(cmpxchg(&inode->i_wb, NULL, wb))) wb_put(wb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__inode_attach_wb); /** * locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list - determine a locked inode's wb and lock it * @inode: inode of interest with i_lock held * * Returns @inode's wb with its list_lock held. @inode->i_lock must be * held on entry and is released on return. The returned wb is guaranteed * to stay @inode's associated wb until its list_lock is released. */ static struct bdi_writeback * locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode) __releases(&inode->i_lock) __acquires(&wb->list_lock) { while (true) { struct bdi_writeback *wb = inode_to_wb(inode); /* * inode_to_wb() association is protected by both * @inode->i_lock and @wb->list_lock but list_lock nests * outside i_lock. Drop i_lock and verify that the * association hasn't changed after acquiring list_lock. */ wb_get(wb); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); /* i_wb may have changed inbetween, can't use inode_to_wb() */ if (likely(wb == inode->i_wb)) { wb_put(wb); /* @inode already has ref */ return wb; } spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); wb_put(wb); cpu_relax(); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); } } /** * inode_to_wb_and_lock_list - determine an inode's wb and lock it * @inode: inode of interest * * Same as locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list() but @inode->i_lock isn't held * on entry. */ static struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode) __acquires(&wb->list_lock) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); return locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode); } struct inode_switch_wbs_context { struct inode *inode; struct bdi_writeback *new_wb; struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct work_struct work; }; static void bdi_down_write_wb_switch_rwsem(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { down_write(&bdi->wb_switch_rwsem); } static void bdi_up_write_wb_switch_rwsem(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { up_write(&bdi->wb_switch_rwsem); } static void inode_switch_wbs_work_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct inode_switch_wbs_context *isw = container_of(work, struct inode_switch_wbs_context, work); struct inode *inode = isw->inode; struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; struct bdi_writeback *old_wb = inode->i_wb; struct bdi_writeback *new_wb = isw->new_wb; XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, 0); struct page *page; bool switched = false; /* * If @inode switches cgwb membership while sync_inodes_sb() is * being issued, sync_inodes_sb() might miss it. Synchronize. */ down_read(&bdi->wb_switch_rwsem); /* * By the time control reaches here, RCU grace period has passed * since I_WB_SWITCH assertion and all wb stat update transactions * between unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin/end() are guaranteed to be * synchronizing against the i_pages lock. * * Grabbing old_wb->list_lock, inode->i_lock and the i_pages lock * gives us exclusion against all wb related operations on @inode * including IO list manipulations and stat updates. */ if (old_wb < new_wb) { spin_lock(&old_wb->list_lock); spin_lock_nested(&new_wb->list_lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); } else { spin_lock(&new_wb->list_lock); spin_lock_nested(&old_wb->list_lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); } spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); /* * Once I_FREEING is visible under i_lock, the eviction path owns * the inode and we shouldn't modify ->i_io_list. */ if (unlikely(inode->i_state & I_FREEING)) goto skip_switch; trace_inode_switch_wbs(inode, old_wb, new_wb); /* * Count and transfer stats. Note that PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY points * to possibly dirty pages while PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK points to * pages actually under writeback. */ xas_for_each_marked(&xas, page, ULONG_MAX, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY) { if (PageDirty(page)) { dec_wb_stat(old_wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE); inc_wb_stat(new_wb, WB_RECLAIMABLE); } } xas_set(&xas, 0); xas_for_each_marked(&xas, page, ULONG_MAX, PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageWriteback(page)); dec_wb_stat(old_wb, WB_WRITEBACK); inc_wb_stat(new_wb, WB_WRITEBACK); } wb_get(new_wb); /* * Transfer to @new_wb's IO list if necessary. The specific list * @inode was on is ignored and the inode is put on ->b_dirty which * is always correct including from ->b_dirty_time. The transfer * preserves @inode->dirtied_when ordering. */ if (!list_empty(&inode->i_io_list)) { struct inode *pos; inode_io_list_del_locked(inode, old_wb); inode->i_wb = new_wb; list_for_each_entry(pos, &new_wb->b_dirty, i_io_list) if (time_after_eq(inode->dirtied_when, pos->dirtied_when)) break; inode_io_list_move_locked(inode, new_wb, pos->i_io_list.prev); } else { inode->i_wb = new_wb; } /* ->i_wb_frn updates may race wbc_detach_inode() but doesn't matter */ inode->i_wb_frn_winner = 0; inode->i_wb_frn_avg_time = 0; inode->i_wb_frn_history = 0; switched = true; skip_switch: /* * Paired with load_acquire in unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin() and * ensures that the new wb is visible if they see !I_WB_SWITCH. */ smp_store_release(&inode->i_state, inode->i_state & ~I_WB_SWITCH); xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); spin_unlock(&new_wb->list_lock); spin_unlock(&old_wb->list_lock); up_read(&bdi->wb_switch_rwsem); if (switched) { wb_wakeup(new_wb); wb_put(old_wb); } wb_put(new_wb); iput(inode); kfree(isw); atomic_dec(&isw_nr_in_flight); } static void inode_switch_wbs_rcu_fn(struct rcu_head *rcu_head) { struct inode_switch_wbs_context *isw = container_of(rcu_head, struct inode_switch_wbs_context, rcu_head); /* needs to grab bh-unsafe locks, bounce to work item */ INIT_WORK(&isw->work, inode_switch_wbs_work_fn); queue_work(isw_wq, &isw->work); } /** * inode_switch_wbs - change the wb association of an inode * @inode: target inode * @new_wb_id: ID of the new wb * * Switch @inode's wb association to the wb identified by @new_wb_id. The * switching is performed asynchronously and may fail silently. */ static void inode_switch_wbs(struct inode *inode, int new_wb_id) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; struct inode_switch_wbs_context *isw; /* noop if seems to be already in progress */ if (inode->i_state & I_WB_SWITCH) return; /* avoid queueing a new switch if too many are already in flight */ if (atomic_read(&isw_nr_in_flight) > WB_FRN_MAX_IN_FLIGHT) return; isw = kzalloc(sizeof(*isw), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!isw) return; atomic_inc(&isw_nr_in_flight); /* find and pin the new wb */ rcu_read_lock(); memcg_css = css_from_id(new_wb_id, &memory_cgrp_subsys); if (memcg_css && !css_tryget(memcg_css)) memcg_css = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); if (!memcg_css) goto out_free; isw->new_wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, GFP_ATOMIC); css_put(memcg_css); if (!isw->new_wb) goto out_free; /* while holding I_WB_SWITCH, no one else can update the association */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (!(inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_ACTIVE) || inode->i_state & (I_WB_SWITCH | I_FREEING) || inode_to_wb(inode) == isw->new_wb) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); goto out_free; } inode->i_state |= I_WB_SWITCH; __iget(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); isw->inode = inode; /* * In addition to synchronizing among switchers, I_WB_SWITCH tells * the RCU protected stat update paths to grab the i_page * lock so that stat transfer can synchronize against them. * Let's continue after I_WB_SWITCH is guaranteed to be visible. */ call_rcu(&isw->rcu_head, inode_switch_wbs_rcu_fn); return; out_free: atomic_dec(&isw_nr_in_flight); if (isw->new_wb) wb_put(isw->new_wb); kfree(isw); } /** * wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode - associate wbc with target inode and unlock it * @wbc: writeback_control of interest * @inode: target inode * * @inode is locked and about to be written back under the control of @wbc. * Record @inode's writeback context into @wbc and unlock the i_lock. On * writeback completion, wbc_detach_inode() should be called. This is used * to track the cgroup writeback context. */ void wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_cgwb_enabled(inode)) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return; } wbc->wb = inode_to_wb(inode); wbc->inode = inode; wbc->wb_id = wbc->wb->memcg_css->id; wbc->wb_lcand_id = inode->i_wb_frn_winner; wbc->wb_tcand_id = 0; wbc->wb_bytes = 0; wbc->wb_lcand_bytes = 0; wbc->wb_tcand_bytes = 0; wb_get(wbc->wb); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); /* * A dying wb indicates that either the blkcg associated with the * memcg changed or the associated memcg is dying. In the first * case, a replacement wb should already be available and we should * refresh the wb immediately. In the second case, trying to * refresh will keep failing. */ if (unlikely(wb_dying(wbc->wb) && !css_is_dying(wbc->wb->memcg_css))) inode_switch_wbs(inode, wbc->wb_id); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode); /** * wbc_detach_inode - disassociate wbc from inode and perform foreign detection * @wbc: writeback_control of the just finished writeback * * To be called after a writeback attempt of an inode finishes and undoes * wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(). Can be called under any context. * * As concurrent write sharing of an inode is expected to be very rare and * memcg only tracks page ownership on first-use basis severely confining * the usefulness of such sharing, cgroup writeback tracks ownership * per-inode. While the support for concurrent write sharing of an inode * is deemed unnecessary, an inode being written to by different cgroups at * different points in time is a lot more common, and, more importantly, * charging only by first-use can too readily lead to grossly incorrect * behaviors (single foreign page can lead to gigabytes of writeback to be * incorrectly attributed). * * To resolve this issue, cgroup writeback detects the majority dirtier of * an inode and transfers the ownership to it. To avoid unnnecessary * oscillation, the detection mechanism keeps track of history and gives * out the switch verdict only if the foreign usage pattern is stable over * a certain amount of time and/or writeback attempts. * * On each writeback attempt, @wbc tries to detect the majority writer * using Boyer-Moore majority vote algorithm. In addition to the byte * count from the majority voting, it also counts the bytes written for the * current wb and the last round's winner wb (max of last round's current * wb, the winner from two rounds ago, and the last round's majority * candidate). Keeping track of the historical winner helps the algorithm * to semi-reliably detect the most active writer even when it's not the * absolute majority. * * Once the winner of the round is determined, whether the winner is * foreign or not and how much IO time the round consumed is recorded in * inode->i_wb_frn_history. If the amount of recorded foreign IO time is * over a certain threshold, the switch verdict is given. */ void wbc_detach_inode(struct writeback_control *wbc) { struct bdi_writeback *wb = wbc->wb; struct inode *inode = wbc->inode; unsigned long avg_time, max_bytes, max_time; u16 history; int max_id; if (!wb) return; history = inode->i_wb_frn_history; avg_time = inode->i_wb_frn_avg_time; /* pick the winner of this round */ if (wbc->wb_bytes >= wbc->wb_lcand_bytes && wbc->wb_bytes >= wbc->wb_tcand_bytes) { max_id = wbc->wb_id; max_bytes = wbc->wb_bytes; } else if (wbc->wb_lcand_bytes >= wbc->wb_tcand_bytes) { max_id = wbc->wb_lcand_id; max_bytes = wbc->wb_lcand_bytes; } else { max_id = wbc->wb_tcand_id; max_bytes = wbc->wb_tcand_bytes; } /* * Calculate the amount of IO time the winner consumed and fold it * into the running average kept per inode. If the consumed IO * time is lower than avag / WB_FRN_TIME_CUT_DIV, ignore it for * deciding whether to switch or not. This is to prevent one-off * small dirtiers from skewing the verdict. */ max_time = DIV_ROUND_UP((max_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT) << WB_FRN_TIME_SHIFT, wb->avg_write_bandwidth); if (avg_time) avg_time += (max_time >> WB_FRN_TIME_AVG_SHIFT) - (avg_time >> WB_FRN_TIME_AVG_SHIFT); else avg_time = max_time; /* immediate catch up on first run */ if (max_time >= avg_time / WB_FRN_TIME_CUT_DIV) { int slots; /* * The switch verdict is reached if foreign wb's consume * more than a certain proportion of IO time in a * WB_FRN_TIME_PERIOD. This is loosely tracked by 16 slot * history mask where each bit represents one sixteenth of * the period. Determine the number of slots to shift into * history from @max_time. */ slots = min(DIV_ROUND_UP(max_time, WB_FRN_HIST_UNIT), (unsigned long)WB_FRN_HIST_MAX_SLOTS); history <<= slots; if (wbc->wb_id != max_id) history |= (1U << slots) - 1; if (history) trace_inode_foreign_history(inode, wbc, history); /* * Switch if the current wb isn't the consistent winner. * If there are multiple closely competing dirtiers, the * inode may switch across them repeatedly over time, which * is okay. The main goal is avoiding keeping an inode on * the wrong wb for an extended period of time. */ if (hweight32(history) > WB_FRN_HIST_THR_SLOTS) inode_switch_wbs(inode, max_id); } /* * Multiple instances of this function may race to update the * following fields but we don't mind occassional inaccuracies. */ inode->i_wb_frn_winner = max_id; inode->i_wb_frn_avg_time = min(avg_time, (unsigned long)U16_MAX); inode->i_wb_frn_history = history; wb_put(wbc->wb); wbc->wb = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wbc_detach_inode); /** * wbc_account_cgroup_owner - account writeback to update inode cgroup ownership * @wbc: writeback_control of the writeback in progress * @page: page being written out * @bytes: number of bytes being written out * * @bytes from @page are about to written out during the writeback * controlled by @wbc. Keep the book for foreign inode detection. See * wbc_detach_inode(). */ void wbc_account_cgroup_owner(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page, size_t bytes) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int id; /* * pageout() path doesn't attach @wbc to the inode being written * out. This is intentional as we don't want the function to block * behind a slow cgroup. Ultimately, we want pageout() to kick off * regular writeback instead of writing things out itself. */ if (!wbc->wb || wbc->no_cgroup_owner) return; css = mem_cgroup_css_from_page(page); /* dead cgroups shouldn't contribute to inode ownership arbitration */ if (!(css->flags & CSS_ONLINE)) return; id = css->id; if (id == wbc->wb_id) { wbc->wb_bytes += bytes; return; } if (id == wbc->wb_lcand_id) wbc->wb_lcand_bytes += bytes; /* Boyer-Moore majority vote algorithm */ if (!wbc->wb_tcand_bytes) wbc->wb_tcand_id = id; if (id == wbc->wb_tcand_id) wbc->wb_tcand_bytes += bytes; else wbc->wb_tcand_bytes -= min(bytes, wbc->wb_tcand_bytes); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wbc_account_cgroup_owner); /** * inode_congested - test whether an inode is congested * @inode: inode to test for congestion (may be NULL) * @cong_bits: mask of WB_[a]sync_congested bits to test * * Tests whether @inode is congested. @cong_bits is the mask of congestion * bits to test and the return value is the mask of set bits. * * If cgroup writeback is enabled for @inode, the congestion state is * determined by whether the cgwb (cgroup bdi_writeback) for the blkcg * associated with @inode is congested; otherwise, the root wb's congestion * state is used. * * @inode is allowed to be NULL as this function is often called on * mapping->host which is NULL for the swapper space. */ int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits) { /* * Once set, ->i_wb never becomes NULL while the inode is alive. * Start transaction iff ->i_wb is visible. */ if (inode && inode_to_wb_is_valid(inode)) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; struct wb_lock_cookie lock_cookie = {}; bool congested; wb = unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(inode, &lock_cookie); congested = wb_congested(wb, cong_bits); unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(inode, &lock_cookie); return congested; } return wb_congested(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, cong_bits); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inode_congested); /** * wb_split_bdi_pages - split nr_pages to write according to bandwidth * @wb: target bdi_writeback to split @nr_pages to * @nr_pages: number of pages to write for the whole bdi * * Split @wb's portion of @nr_pages according to @wb's write bandwidth in * relation to the total write bandwidth of all wb's w/ dirty inodes on * @wb->bdi. */ static long wb_split_bdi_pages(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages) { unsigned long this_bw = wb->avg_write_bandwidth; unsigned long tot_bw = atomic_long_read(&wb->bdi->tot_write_bandwidth); if (nr_pages == LONG_MAX) return LONG_MAX; /* * This may be called on clean wb's and proportional distribution * may not make sense, just use the original @nr_pages in those * cases. In general, we wanna err on the side of writing more. */ if (!tot_bw || this_bw >= tot_bw) return nr_pages; else return DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL((u64)nr_pages * this_bw, tot_bw); } /** * bdi_split_work_to_wbs - split a wb_writeback_work to all wb's of a bdi * @bdi: target backing_dev_info * @base_work: wb_writeback_work to issue * @skip_if_busy: skip wb's which already have writeback in progress * * Split and issue @base_work to all wb's (bdi_writeback's) of @bdi which * have dirty inodes. If @base_work->nr_page isn't %LONG_MAX, it's * distributed to the busy wbs according to each wb's proportion in the * total active write bandwidth of @bdi. */ static void bdi_split_work_to_wbs(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct wb_writeback_work *base_work, bool skip_if_busy) { struct bdi_writeback *last_wb = NULL; struct bdi_writeback *wb = list_entry(&bdi->wb_list, struct bdi_writeback, bdi_node); might_sleep(); restart: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(wb, &bdi->wb_list, bdi_node) { DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION(fallback_work_done, bdi); struct wb_writeback_work fallback_work; struct wb_writeback_work *work; long nr_pages; if (last_wb) { wb_put(last_wb); last_wb = NULL; } /* SYNC_ALL writes out I_DIRTY_TIME too */ if (!wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && (base_work->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE || list_empty(&wb->b_dirty_time))) continue; if (skip_if_busy && writeback_in_progress(wb)) continue; nr_pages = wb_split_bdi_pages(wb, base_work->nr_pages); work = kmalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC); if (work) { *work = *base_work; work->nr_pages = nr_pages; work->auto_free = 1; wb_queue_work(wb, work); continue; } /* alloc failed, execute synchronously using on-stack fallback */ work = &fallback_work; *work = *base_work; work->nr_pages = nr_pages; work->auto_free = 0; work->done = &fallback_work_done; wb_queue_work(wb, work); /* * Pin @wb so that it stays on @bdi->wb_list. This allows * continuing iteration from @wb after dropping and * regrabbing rcu read lock. */ wb_get(wb); last_wb = wb; rcu_read_unlock(); wb_wait_for_completion(&fallback_work_done); goto restart; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (last_wb) wb_put(last_wb); } /** * cgroup_writeback_by_id - initiate cgroup writeback from bdi and memcg IDs * @bdi_id: target bdi id * @memcg_id: target memcg css id * @nr: number of pages to write, 0 for best-effort dirty flushing * @reason: reason why some writeback work initiated * @done: target wb_completion * * Initiate flush of the bdi_writeback identified by @bdi_id and @memcg_id * with the specified parameters. */ int cgroup_writeback_by_id(u64 bdi_id, int memcg_id, unsigned long nr, enum wb_reason reason, struct wb_completion *done) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi; struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; struct bdi_writeback *wb; struct wb_writeback_work *work; int ret; /* lookup bdi and memcg */ bdi = bdi_get_by_id(bdi_id); if (!bdi) return -ENOENT; rcu_read_lock(); memcg_css = css_from_id(memcg_id, &memory_cgrp_subsys); if (memcg_css && !css_tryget(memcg_css)) memcg_css = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); if (!memcg_css) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out_bdi_put; } /* * And find the associated wb. If the wb isn't there already * there's nothing to flush, don't create one. */ wb = wb_get_lookup(bdi, memcg_css); if (!wb) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out_css_put; } /* * If @nr is zero, the caller is attempting to write out most of * the currently dirty pages. Let's take the current dirty page * count and inflate it by 25% which should be large enough to * flush out most dirty pages while avoiding getting livelocked by * concurrent dirtiers. */ if (!nr) { unsigned long filepages, headroom, dirty, writeback; mem_cgroup_wb_stats(wb, &filepages, &headroom, &dirty, &writeback); nr = dirty * 10 / 8; } /* issue the writeback work */ work = kzalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (work) { work->nr_pages = nr; work->sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE; work->range_cyclic = 1; work->reason = reason; work->done = done; work->auto_free = 1; wb_queue_work(wb, work); ret = 0; } else { ret = -ENOMEM; } wb_put(wb); out_css_put: css_put(memcg_css); out_bdi_put: bdi_put(bdi); return ret; } /** * cgroup_writeback_umount - flush inode wb switches for umount * * This function is called when a super_block is about to be destroyed and * flushes in-flight inode wb switches. An inode wb switch goes through * RCU and then workqueue, so the two need to be flushed in order to ensure * that all previously scheduled switches are finished. As wb switches are * rare occurrences and synchronize_rcu() can take a while, perform * flushing iff wb switches are in flight. */ void cgroup_writeback_umount(void) { if (atomic_read(&isw_nr_in_flight)) { /* * Use rcu_barrier() to wait for all pending callbacks to * ensure that all in-flight wb switches are in the workqueue. */ rcu_barrier(); flush_workqueue(isw_wq); } } static int __init cgroup_writeback_init(void) { isw_wq = alloc_workqueue("inode_switch_wbs", 0, 0); if (!isw_wq) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } fs_initcall(cgroup_writeback_init); #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static void bdi_down_write_wb_switch_rwsem(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { } static void bdi_up_write_wb_switch_rwsem(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { } static struct bdi_writeback * locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode) __releases(&inode->i_lock) __acquires(&wb->list_lock) { struct bdi_writeback *wb = inode_to_wb(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); return wb; } static struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(struct inode *inode) __acquires(&wb->list_lock) { struct bdi_writeback *wb = inode_to_wb(inode); spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); return wb; } static long wb_split_bdi_pages(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages) { return nr_pages; } static void bdi_split_work_to_wbs(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct wb_writeback_work *base_work, bool skip_if_busy) { might_sleep(); if (!skip_if_busy || !writeback_in_progress(&bdi->wb)) { base_work->auto_free = 0; wb_queue_work(&bdi->wb, base_work); } } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ /* * Add in the number of potentially dirty inodes, because each inode * write can dirty pagecache in the underlying blockdev. */ static unsigned long get_nr_dirty_pages(void) { return global_node_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY) + get_nr_dirty_inodes(); } static void wb_start_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_reason reason) { if (!wb_has_dirty_io(wb)) return; /* * All callers of this function want to start writeback of all * dirty pages. Places like vmscan can call this at a very * high frequency, causing pointless allocations of tons of * work items and keeping the flusher threads busy retrieving * that work. Ensure that we only allow one of them pending and * inflight at the time. */ if (test_bit(WB_start_all, &wb->state) || test_and_set_bit(WB_start_all, &wb->state)) return; wb->start_all_reason = reason; wb_wakeup(wb); } /** * wb_start_background_writeback - start background writeback * @wb: bdi_writback to write from * * Description: * This makes sure WB_SYNC_NONE background writeback happens. When * this function returns, it is only guaranteed that for given wb * some IO is happening if we are over background dirty threshold. * Caller need not hold sb s_umount semaphore. */ void wb_start_background_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { /* * We just wake up the flusher thread. It will perform background * writeback as soon as there is no other work to do. */ trace_writeback_wake_background(wb); wb_wakeup(wb); } /* * Remove the inode from the writeback list it is on. */ void inode_io_list_del(struct inode *inode) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; wb = inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode_io_list_del_locked(inode, wb); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(inode_io_list_del); /* * mark an inode as under writeback on the sb */ void sb_mark_inode_writeback(struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; unsigned long flags; if (list_empty(&inode->i_wb_list)) { spin_lock_irqsave(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock, flags); if (list_empty(&inode->i_wb_list)) { list_add_tail(&inode->i_wb_list, &sb->s_inodes_wb); trace_sb_mark_inode_writeback(inode); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock, flags); } } /* * clear an inode as under writeback on the sb */ void sb_clear_inode_writeback(struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; unsigned long flags; if (!list_empty(&inode->i_wb_list)) { spin_lock_irqsave(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock, flags); if (!list_empty(&inode->i_wb_list)) { list_del_init(&inode->i_wb_list); trace_sb_clear_inode_writeback(inode); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock, flags); } } /* * Redirty an inode: set its when-it-was dirtied timestamp and move it to the * furthest end of its superblock's dirty-inode list. * * Before stamping the inode's ->dirtied_when, we check to see whether it is * already the most-recently-dirtied inode on the b_dirty list. If that is * the case then the inode must have been redirtied while it was being written * out and we don't reset its dirtied_when. */ static void redirty_tail_locked(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { assert_spin_locked(&inode->i_lock); if (!list_empty(&wb->b_dirty)) { struct inode *tail; tail = wb_inode(wb->b_dirty.next); if (time_before(inode->dirtied_when, tail->dirtied_when)) inode->dirtied_when = jiffies; } inode_io_list_move_locked(inode, wb, &wb->b_dirty); inode->i_state &= ~I_SYNC_QUEUED; } static void redirty_tail(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); redirty_tail_locked(inode, wb); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /* * requeue inode for re-scanning after bdi->b_io list is exhausted. */ static void requeue_io(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { inode_io_list_move_locked(inode, wb, &wb->b_more_io); } static void inode_sync_complete(struct inode *inode) { inode->i_state &= ~I_SYNC; /* If inode is clean an unused, put it into LRU now... */ inode_add_lru(inode); /* Waiters must see I_SYNC cleared before being woken up */ smp_mb(); wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_SYNC); } static bool inode_dirtied_after(struct inode *inode, unsigned long t) { bool ret = time_after(inode->dirtied_when, t); #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT /* * For inodes being constantly redirtied, dirtied_when can get stuck. * It _appears_ to be in the future, but is actually in distant past. * This test is necessary to prevent such wrapped-around relative times * from permanently stopping the whole bdi writeback. */ ret = ret && time_before_eq(inode->dirtied_when, jiffies); #endif return ret; } #define EXPIRE_DIRTY_ATIME 0x0001 /* * Move expired (dirtied before dirtied_before) dirty inodes from * @delaying_queue to @dispatch_queue. */ static int move_expired_inodes(struct list_head *delaying_queue, struct list_head *dispatch_queue, unsigned long dirtied_before) { LIST_HEAD(tmp); struct list_head *pos, *node; struct super_block *sb = NULL; struct inode *inode; int do_sb_sort = 0; int moved = 0; while (!list_empty(delaying_queue)) { inode = wb_inode(delaying_queue->prev); if (inode_dirtied_after(inode, dirtied_before)) break; list_move(&inode->i_io_list, &tmp); moved++; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state |= I_SYNC_QUEUED; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (sb_is_blkdev_sb(inode->i_sb)) continue; if (sb && sb != inode->i_sb) do_sb_sort = 1; sb = inode->i_sb; } /* just one sb in list, splice to dispatch_queue and we're done */ if (!do_sb_sort) { list_splice(&tmp, dispatch_queue); goto out; } /* Move inodes from one superblock together */ while (!list_empty(&tmp)) { sb = wb_inode(tmp.prev)->i_sb; list_for_each_prev_safe(pos, node, &tmp) { inode = wb_inode(pos); if (inode->i_sb == sb) list_move(&inode->i_io_list, dispatch_queue); } } out: return moved; } /* * Queue all expired dirty inodes for io, eldest first. * Before * newly dirtied b_dirty b_io b_more_io * =============> gf edc BA * After * newly dirtied b_dirty b_io b_more_io * =============> g fBAedc * | * +--> dequeue for IO */ static void queue_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work, unsigned long dirtied_before) { int moved; unsigned long time_expire_jif = dirtied_before; assert_spin_locked(&wb->list_lock); list_splice_init(&wb->b_more_io, &wb->b_io); moved = move_expired_inodes(&wb->b_dirty, &wb->b_io, dirtied_before); if (!work->for_sync) time_expire_jif = jiffies - dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ; moved += move_expired_inodes(&wb->b_dirty_time, &wb->b_io, time_expire_jif); if (moved) wb_io_lists_populated(wb); trace_writeback_queue_io(wb, work, dirtied_before, moved); } static int write_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc) { int ret; if (inode->i_sb->s_op->write_inode && !is_bad_inode(inode)) { trace_writeback_write_inode_start(inode, wbc); ret = inode->i_sb->s_op->write_inode(inode, wbc); trace_writeback_write_inode(inode, wbc); return ret; } return 0; } /* * Wait for writeback on an inode to complete. Called with i_lock held. * Caller must make sure inode cannot go away when we drop i_lock. */ static void __inode_wait_for_writeback(struct inode *inode) __releases(inode->i_lock) __acquires(inode->i_lock) { DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wq, &inode->i_state, __I_SYNC); wait_queue_head_t *wqh; wqh = bit_waitqueue(&inode->i_state, __I_SYNC); while (inode->i_state & I_SYNC) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); __wait_on_bit(wqh, &wq, bit_wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); } } /* * Wait for writeback on an inode to complete. Caller must have inode pinned. */ void inode_wait_for_writeback(struct inode *inode) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __inode_wait_for_writeback(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /* * Sleep until I_SYNC is cleared. This function must be called with i_lock * held and drops it. It is aimed for callers not holding any inode reference * so once i_lock is dropped, inode can go away. */ static void inode_sleep_on_writeback(struct inode *inode) __releases(inode->i_lock) { DEFINE_WAIT(wait); wait_queue_head_t *wqh = bit_waitqueue(&inode->i_state, __I_SYNC); int sleep; prepare_to_wait(wqh, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); sleep = inode->i_state & I_SYNC; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (sleep) schedule(); finish_wait(wqh, &wait); } /* * Find proper writeback list for the inode depending on its current state and * possibly also change of its state while we were doing writeback. Here we * handle things such as livelock prevention or fairness of writeback among * inodes. This function can be called only by flusher thread - noone else * processes all inodes in writeback lists and requeueing inodes behind flusher * thread's back can have unexpected consequences. */ static void requeue_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct writeback_control *wbc) { if (inode->i_state & I_FREEING) return; /* * Sync livelock prevention. Each inode is tagged and synced in one * shot. If still dirty, it will be redirty_tail()'ed below. Update * the dirty time to prevent enqueue and sync it again. */ if ((inode->i_state & I_DIRTY) && (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->tagged_writepages)) inode->dirtied_when = jiffies; if (wbc->pages_skipped) { /* * writeback is not making progress due to locked * buffers. Skip this inode for now. */ redirty_tail_locked(inode, wb); return; } if (mapping_tagged(inode->i_mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) { /* * We didn't write back all the pages. nfs_writepages() * sometimes bales out without doing anything. */ if (wbc->nr_to_write <= 0) { /* Slice used up. Queue for next turn. */ requeue_io(inode, wb); } else { /* * Writeback blocked by something other than * congestion. Delay the inode for some time to * avoid spinning on the CPU (100% iowait) * retrying writeback of the dirty page/inode * that cannot be performed immediately. */ redirty_tail_locked(inode, wb); } } else if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY) { /* * Filesystems can dirty the inode during writeback operations, * such as delayed allocation during submission or metadata * updates after data IO completion. */ redirty_tail_locked(inode, wb); } else if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME) { inode->dirtied_when = jiffies; inode_io_list_move_locked(inode, wb, &wb->b_dirty_time); inode->i_state &= ~I_SYNC_QUEUED; } else { /* The inode is clean. Remove from writeback lists. */ inode_io_list_del_locked(inode, wb); } } /* * Write out an inode and its dirty pages. Do not update the writeback list * linkage. That is left to the caller. The caller is also responsible for * setting I_SYNC flag and calling inode_sync_complete() to clear it. */ static int __writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; long nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; unsigned dirty; int ret; WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & I_SYNC)); trace_writeback_single_inode_start(inode, wbc, nr_to_write); ret = do_writepages(mapping, wbc); /* * Make sure to wait on the data before writing out the metadata. * This is important for filesystems that modify metadata on data * I/O completion. We don't do it for sync(2) writeback because it has a * separate, external IO completion path and ->sync_fs for guaranteeing * inode metadata is written back correctly. */ if (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL && !wbc->for_sync) { int err = filemap_fdatawait(mapping); if (ret == 0) ret = err; } /* * If the inode has dirty timestamps and we need to write them, call * mark_inode_dirty_sync() to notify the filesystem about it and to * change I_DIRTY_TIME into I_DIRTY_SYNC. */ if ((inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME) && (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->for_sync || time_after(jiffies, inode->dirtied_time_when + dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ))) { trace_writeback_lazytime(inode); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } /* * Some filesystems may redirty the inode during the writeback * due to delalloc, clear dirty metadata flags right before * write_inode() */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); dirty = inode->i_state & I_DIRTY; inode->i_state &= ~dirty; /* * Paired with smp_mb() in __mark_inode_dirty(). This allows * __mark_inode_dirty() to test i_state without grabbing i_lock - * either they see the I_DIRTY bits cleared or we see the dirtied * inode. * * I_DIRTY_PAGES is always cleared together above even if @mapping * still has dirty pages. The flag is reinstated after smp_mb() if * necessary. This guarantees that either __mark_inode_dirty() * sees clear I_DIRTY_PAGES or we see PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY. */ smp_mb(); if (mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) inode->i_state |= I_DIRTY_PAGES; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); /* Don't write the inode if only I_DIRTY_PAGES was set */ if (dirty & ~I_DIRTY_PAGES) { int err = write_inode(inode, wbc); if (ret == 0) ret = err; } trace_writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc, nr_to_write); return ret; } /* * Write out an inode's dirty pages. Either the caller has an active reference * on the inode or the inode has I_WILL_FREE set. * * This function is designed to be called for writing back one inode which * we go e.g. from filesystem. Flusher thread uses __writeback_single_inode() * and does more profound writeback list handling in writeback_sb_inodes(). */ static int writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; int ret = 0; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (!atomic_read(&inode->i_count)) WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & (I_WILL_FREE|I_FREEING))); else WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_WILL_FREE); if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC) { if (wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL) goto out; /* * It's a data-integrity sync. We must wait. Since callers hold * inode reference or inode has I_WILL_FREE set, it cannot go * away under us. */ __inode_wait_for_writeback(inode); } WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_SYNC); /* * Skip inode if it is clean and we have no outstanding writeback in * WB_SYNC_ALL mode. We don't want to mess with writeback lists in this * function since flusher thread may be doing for example sync in * parallel and if we move the inode, it could get skipped. So here we * make sure inode is on some writeback list and leave it there unless * we have completely cleaned the inode. */ if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_ALL) && (wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL || !mapping_tagged(inode->i_mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK))) goto out; inode->i_state |= I_SYNC; wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(wbc, inode); ret = __writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc); wbc_detach_inode(wbc); wb = inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); /* * If inode is clean, remove it from writeback lists. Otherwise don't * touch it. See comment above for explanation. */ if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_ALL)) inode_io_list_del_locked(inode, wb); spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); inode_sync_complete(inode); out: spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return ret; } static long writeback_chunk_size(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work) { long pages; /* * WB_SYNC_ALL mode does livelock avoidance by syncing dirty * inodes/pages in one big loop. Setting wbc.nr_to_write=LONG_MAX * here avoids calling into writeback_inodes_wb() more than once. * * The intended call sequence for WB_SYNC_ALL writeback is: * * wb_writeback() * writeback_sb_inodes() <== called only once * write_cache_pages() <== called once for each inode * (quickly) tag currently dirty pages * (maybe slowly) sync all tagged pages */ if (work->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || work->tagged_writepages) pages = LONG_MAX; else { pages = min(wb->avg_write_bandwidth / 2, global_wb_domain.dirty_limit / DIRTY_SCOPE); pages = min(pages, work->nr_pages); pages = round_down(pages + MIN_WRITEBACK_PAGES, MIN_WRITEBACK_PAGES); } return pages; } /* * Write a portion of b_io inodes which belong to @sb. * * Return the number of pages and/or inodes written. * * NOTE! This is called with wb->list_lock held, and will * unlock and relock that for each inode it ends up doing * IO for. */ static long writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work) { struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = work->sync_mode, .tagged_writepages = work->tagged_writepages, .for_kupdate = work->for_kupdate, .for_background = work->for_background, .for_sync = work->for_sync, .range_cyclic = work->range_cyclic, .range_start = 0, .range_end = LLONG_MAX, }; unsigned long start_time = jiffies; long write_chunk; long wrote = 0; /* count both pages and inodes */ while (!list_empty(&wb->b_io)) { struct inode *inode = wb_inode(wb->b_io.prev); struct bdi_writeback *tmp_wb; if (inode->i_sb != sb) { if (work->sb) { /* * We only want to write back data for this * superblock, move all inodes not belonging * to it back onto the dirty list. */ redirty_tail(inode, wb); continue; } /* * The inode belongs to a different superblock. * Bounce back to the caller to unpin this and * pin the next superblock. */ break; } /* * Don't bother with new inodes or inodes being freed, first * kind does not need periodic writeout yet, and for the latter * kind writeout is handled by the freer. */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (inode->i_state & (I_NEW | I_FREEING | I_WILL_FREE)) { redirty_tail_locked(inode, wb); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); continue; } if ((inode->i_state & I_SYNC) && wbc.sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL) { /* * If this inode is locked for writeback and we are not * doing writeback-for-data-integrity, move it to * b_more_io so that writeback can proceed with the * other inodes on s_io. * * We'll have another go at writing back this inode * when we completed a full scan of b_io. */ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); requeue_io(inode, wb); trace_writeback_sb_inodes_requeue(inode); continue; } spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); /* * We already requeued the inode if it had I_SYNC set and we * are doing WB_SYNC_NONE writeback. So this catches only the * WB_SYNC_ALL case. */ if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC) { /* Wait for I_SYNC. This function drops i_lock... */ inode_sleep_on_writeback(inode); /* Inode may be gone, start again */ spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); continue; } inode->i_state |= I_SYNC; wbc_attach_and_unlock_inode(&wbc, inode); write_chunk = writeback_chunk_size(wb, work); wbc.nr_to_write = write_chunk; wbc.pages_skipped = 0; /* * We use I_SYNC to pin the inode in memory. While it is set * evict_inode() will wait so the inode cannot be freed. */ __writeback_single_inode(inode, &wbc); wbc_detach_inode(&wbc); work->nr_pages -= write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write; wrote += write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write; if (need_resched()) { /* * We're trying to balance between building up a nice * long list of IOs to improve our merge rate, and * getting those IOs out quickly for anyone throttling * in balance_dirty_pages(). cond_resched() doesn't * unplug, so get our IOs out the door before we * give up the CPU. */ blk_flush_plug(current); cond_resched(); } /* * Requeue @inode if still dirty. Be careful as @inode may * have been switched to another wb in the meantime. */ tmp_wb = inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_ALL)) wrote++; requeue_inode(inode, tmp_wb, &wbc); inode_sync_complete(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (unlikely(tmp_wb != wb)) { spin_unlock(&tmp_wb->list_lock); spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); } /* * bail out to wb_writeback() often enough to check * background threshold and other termination conditions. */ if (wrote) { if (time_is_before_jiffies(start_time + HZ / 10UL)) break; if (work->nr_pages <= 0) break; } } return wrote; } static long __writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work) { unsigned long start_time = jiffies; long wrote = 0; while (!list_empty(&wb->b_io)) { struct inode *inode = wb_inode(wb->b_io.prev); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; if (!trylock_super(sb)) { /* * trylock_super() may fail consistently due to * s_umount being grabbed by someone else. Don't use * requeue_io() to avoid busy retrying the inode/sb. */ redirty_tail(inode, wb); continue; } wrote += writeback_sb_inodes(sb, wb, work); up_read(&sb->s_umount); /* refer to the same tests at the end of writeback_sb_inodes */ if (wrote) { if (time_is_before_jiffies(start_time + HZ / 10UL)) break; if (work->nr_pages <= 0) break; } } /* Leave any unwritten inodes on b_io */ return wrote; } static long writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages, enum wb_reason reason) { struct wb_writeback_work work = { .nr_pages = nr_pages, .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE, .range_cyclic = 1, .reason = reason, }; struct blk_plug plug; blk_start_plug(&plug); spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); if (list_empty(&wb->b_io)) queue_io(wb, &work, jiffies); __writeback_inodes_wb(wb, &work); spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); blk_finish_plug(&plug); return nr_pages - work.nr_pages; } /* * Explicit flushing or periodic writeback of "old" data. * * Define "old": the first time one of an inode's pages is dirtied, we mark the * dirtying-time in the inode's address_space. So this periodic writeback code * just walks the superblock inode list, writing back any inodes which are * older than a specific point in time. * * Try to run once per dirty_writeback_interval. But if a writeback event * takes longer than a dirty_writeback_interval interval, then leave a * one-second gap. * * dirtied_before takes precedence over nr_to_write. So we'll only write back * all dirty pages if they are all attached to "old" mappings. */ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work) { unsigned long wb_start = jiffies; long nr_pages = work->nr_pages; unsigned long dirtied_before = jiffies; struct inode *inode; long progress; struct blk_plug plug; blk_start_plug(&plug); spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); for (;;) { /* * Stop writeback when nr_pages has been consumed */ if (work->nr_pages <= 0) break; /* * Background writeout and kupdate-style writeback may * run forever. Stop them if there is other work to do * so that e.g. sync can proceed. They'll be restarted * after the other works are all done. */ if ((work->for_background || work->for_kupdate) && !list_empty(&wb->work_list)) break; /* * For background writeout, stop when we are below the * background dirty threshold */ if (work->for_background && !wb_over_bg_thresh(wb)) break; /* * Kupdate and background works are special and we want to * include all inodes that need writing. Livelock avoidance is * handled by these works yielding to any other work so we are * safe. */ if (work->for_kupdate) { dirtied_before = jiffies - msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_expire_interval * 10); } else if (work->for_background) dirtied_before = jiffies; trace_writeback_start(wb, work); if (list_empty(&wb->b_io)) queue_io(wb, work, dirtied_before); if (work->sb) progress = writeback_sb_inodes(work->sb, wb, work); else progress = __writeback_inodes_wb(wb, work); trace_writeback_written(wb, work); wb_update_bandwidth(wb, wb_start); /* * Did we write something? Try for more * * Dirty inodes are moved to b_io for writeback in batches. * The completion of the current batch does not necessarily * mean the overall work is done. So we keep looping as long * as made some progress on cleaning pages or inodes. */ if (progress) continue; /* * No more inodes for IO, bail */ if (list_empty(&wb->b_more_io)) break; /* * Nothing written. Wait for some inode to * become available for writeback. Otherwise * we'll just busyloop. */ trace_writeback_wait(wb, work); inode = wb_inode(wb->b_more_io.prev); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); /* This function drops i_lock... */ inode_sleep_on_writeback(inode); spin_lock(&wb->list_lock); } spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); blk_finish_plug(&plug); return nr_pages - work->nr_pages; } /* * Return the next wb_writeback_work struct that hasn't been processed yet. */ static struct wb_writeback_work *get_next_work_item(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { struct wb_writeback_work *work = NULL; spin_lock_bh(&wb->work_lock); if (!list_empty(&wb->work_list)) { work = list_entry(wb->work_list.next, struct wb_writeback_work, list); list_del_init(&work->list); } spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock); return work; } static long wb_check_background_flush(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { if (wb_over_bg_thresh(wb)) { struct wb_writeback_work work = { .nr_pages = LONG_MAX, .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE, .for_background = 1, .range_cyclic = 1, .reason = WB_REASON_BACKGROUND, }; return wb_writeback(wb, &work); } return 0; } static long wb_check_old_data_flush(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { unsigned long expired; long nr_pages; /* * When set to zero, disable periodic writeback */ if (!dirty_writeback_interval) return 0; expired = wb->last_old_flush + msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10); if (time_before(jiffies, expired)) return 0; wb->last_old_flush = jiffies; nr_pages = get_nr_dirty_pages(); if (nr_pages) { struct wb_writeback_work work = { .nr_pages = nr_pages, .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE, .for_kupdate = 1, .range_cyclic = 1, .reason = WB_REASON_PERIODIC, }; return wb_writeback(wb, &work); } return 0; } static long wb_check_start_all(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { long nr_pages; if (!test_bit(WB_start_all, &wb->state)) return 0; nr_pages = get_nr_dirty_pages(); if (nr_pages) { struct wb_writeback_work work = { .nr_pages = wb_split_bdi_pages(wb, nr_pages), .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE, .range_cyclic = 1, .reason = wb->start_all_reason, }; nr_pages = wb_writeback(wb, &work); } clear_bit(WB_start_all, &wb->state); return nr_pages; } /* * Retrieve work items and do the writeback they describe */ static long wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { struct wb_writeback_work *work; long wrote = 0; set_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state); while ((work = get_next_work_item(wb)) != NULL) { trace_writeback_exec(wb, work); wrote += wb_writeback(wb, work); finish_writeback_work(wb, work); } /* * Check for a flush-everything request */ wrote += wb_check_start_all(wb); /* * Check for periodic writeback, kupdated() style */ wrote += wb_check_old_data_flush(wb); wrote += wb_check_background_flush(wb); clear_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state); return wrote; } /* * Handle writeback of dirty data for the device backed by this bdi. Also * reschedules periodically and does kupdated style flushing. */ void wb_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct bdi_writeback *wb = container_of(to_delayed_work(work), struct bdi_writeback, dwork); long pages_written; set_worker_desc("flush-%s", bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi)); current->flags |= PF_SWAPWRITE; if (likely(!current_is_workqueue_rescuer() || !test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state))) { /* * The normal path. Keep writing back @wb until its * work_list is empty. Note that this path is also taken * if @wb is shutting down even when we're running off the * rescuer as work_list needs to be drained. */ do { pages_written = wb_do_writeback(wb); trace_writeback_pages_written(pages_written); } while (!list_empty(&wb->work_list)); } else { /* * bdi_wq can't get enough workers and we're running off * the emergency worker. Don't hog it. Hopefully, 1024 is * enough for efficient IO. */ pages_written = writeback_inodes_wb(wb, 1024, WB_REASON_FORKER_THREAD); trace_writeback_pages_written(pages_written); } if (!list_empty(&wb->work_list)) wb_wakeup(wb); else if (wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && dirty_writeback_interval) wb_wakeup_delayed(wb); current->flags &= ~PF_SWAPWRITE; } /* * Start writeback of `nr_pages' pages on this bdi. If `nr_pages' is zero, * write back the whole world. */ static void __wakeup_flusher_threads_bdi(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, enum wb_reason reason) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi)) return; list_for_each_entry_rcu(wb, &bdi->wb_list, bdi_node) wb_start_writeback(wb, reason); } void wakeup_flusher_threads_bdi(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, enum wb_reason reason) { rcu_read_lock(); __wakeup_flusher_threads_bdi(bdi, reason); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Wakeup the flusher threads to start writeback of all currently dirty pages */ void wakeup_flusher_threads(enum wb_reason reason) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi; /* * If we are expecting writeback progress we must submit plugged IO. */ if (blk_needs_flush_plug(current)) blk_schedule_flush_plug(current); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(bdi, &bdi_list, bdi_list) __wakeup_flusher_threads_bdi(bdi, reason); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Wake up bdi's periodically to make sure dirtytime inodes gets * written back periodically. We deliberately do *not* check the * b_dirtytime list in wb_has_dirty_io(), since this would cause the * kernel to be constantly waking up once there are any dirtytime * inodes on the system. So instead we define a separate delayed work * function which gets called much more rarely. (By default, only * once every 12 hours.) * * If there is any other write activity going on in the file system, * this function won't be necessary. But if the only thing that has * happened on the file system is a dirtytime inode caused by an atime * update, we need this infrastructure below to make sure that inode * eventually gets pushed out to disk. */ static void wakeup_dirtytime_writeback(struct work_struct *w); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(dirtytime_work, wakeup_dirtytime_writeback); static void wakeup_dirtytime_writeback(struct work_struct *w) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(bdi, &bdi_list, bdi_list) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; list_for_each_entry_rcu(wb, &bdi->wb_list, bdi_node) if (!list_empty(&wb->b_dirty_time)) wb_wakeup(wb); } rcu_read_unlock(); schedule_delayed_work(&dirtytime_work, dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ); } static int __init start_dirtytime_writeback(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&dirtytime_work, dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ); return 0; } __initcall(start_dirtytime_writeback); int dirtytime_interval_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret == 0 && write) mod_delayed_work(system_wq, &dirtytime_work, 0); return ret; } /** * __mark_inode_dirty - internal function * * @inode: inode to mark * @flags: what kind of dirty (i.e. I_DIRTY_SYNC) * * Mark an inode as dirty. Callers should use mark_inode_dirty or * mark_inode_dirty_sync. * * Put the inode on the super block's dirty list. * * CAREFUL! We mark it dirty unconditionally, but move it onto the * dirty list only if it is hashed or if it refers to a blockdev. * If it was not hashed, it will never be added to the dirty list * even if it is later hashed, as it will have been marked dirty already. * * In short, make sure you hash any inodes _before_ you start marking * them dirty. * * Note that for blockdevs, inode->dirtied_when represents the dirtying time of * the block-special inode (/dev/hda1) itself. And the ->dirtied_when field of * the kernel-internal blockdev inode represents the dirtying time of the * blockdev's pages. This is why for I_DIRTY_PAGES we always use * page->mapping->host, so the page-dirtying time is recorded in the internal * blockdev inode. */ void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode, int flags) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; int dirtytime; trace_writeback_mark_inode_dirty(inode, flags); /* * Don't do this for I_DIRTY_PAGES - that doesn't actually * dirty the inode itself */ if (flags & (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_TIME)) { trace_writeback_dirty_inode_start(inode, flags); if (sb->s_op->dirty_inode) sb->s_op->dirty_inode(inode, flags); trace_writeback_dirty_inode(inode, flags); } if (flags & I_DIRTY_INODE) flags &= ~I_DIRTY_TIME; dirtytime = flags & I_DIRTY_TIME; /* * Paired with smp_mb() in __writeback_single_inode() for the * following lockless i_state test. See there for details. */ smp_mb(); if (((inode->i_state & flags) == flags) || (dirtytime && (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_INODE))) return; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (dirtytime && (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_INODE)) goto out_unlock_inode; if ((inode->i_state & flags) != flags) { const int was_dirty = inode->i_state & I_DIRTY; inode_attach_wb(inode, NULL); if (flags & I_DIRTY_INODE) inode->i_state &= ~I_DIRTY_TIME; inode->i_state |= flags; /* * If the inode is queued for writeback by flush worker, just * update its dirty state. Once the flush worker is done with * the inode it will place it on the appropriate superblock * list, based upon its state. */ if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC_QUEUED) goto out_unlock_inode; /* * Only add valid (hashed) inodes to the superblock's * dirty list. Add blockdev inodes as well. */ if (!S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) { if (inode_unhashed(inode)) goto out_unlock_inode; } if (inode->i_state & I_FREEING) goto out_unlock_inode; /* * If the inode was already on b_dirty/b_io/b_more_io, don't * reposition it (that would break b_dirty time-ordering). */ if (!was_dirty) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; struct list_head *dirty_list; bool wakeup_bdi = false; wb = locked_inode_to_wb_and_lock_list(inode); WARN((wb->bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK) && !test_bit(WB_registered, &wb->state), "bdi-%s not registered\n", bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi)); inode->dirtied_when = jiffies; if (dirtytime) inode->dirtied_time_when = jiffies; if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY) dirty_list = &wb->b_dirty; else dirty_list = &wb->b_dirty_time; wakeup_bdi = inode_io_list_move_locked(inode, wb, dirty_list); spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock); trace_writeback_dirty_inode_enqueue(inode); /* * If this is the first dirty inode for this bdi, * we have to wake-up the corresponding bdi thread * to make sure background write-back happens * later. */ if (wakeup_bdi && (wb->bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK)) wb_wakeup_delayed(wb); return; } } out_unlock_inode: spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__mark_inode_dirty); /* * The @s_sync_lock is used to serialise concurrent sync operations * to avoid lock contention problems with concurrent wait_sb_inodes() calls. * Concurrent callers will block on the s_sync_lock rather than doing contending * walks. The queueing maintains sync(2) required behaviour as all the IO that * has been issued up to the time this function is enter is guaranteed to be * completed by the time we have gained the lock and waited for all IO that is * in progress regardless of the order callers are granted the lock. */ static void wait_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb) { LIST_HEAD(sync_list); /* * We need to be protected against the filesystem going from * r/o to r/w or vice versa. */ WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&sb->s_umount)); mutex_lock(&sb->s_sync_lock); /* * Splice the writeback list onto a temporary list to avoid waiting on * inodes that have started writeback after this point. * * Use rcu_read_lock() to keep the inodes around until we have a * reference. s_inode_wblist_lock protects sb->s_inodes_wb as well as * the local list because inodes can be dropped from either by writeback * completion. */ rcu_read_lock(); spin_lock_irq(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock); list_splice_init(&sb->s_inodes_wb, &sync_list); /* * Data integrity sync. Must wait for all pages under writeback, because * there may have been pages dirtied before our sync call, but which had * writeout started before we write it out. In which case, the inode * may not be on the dirty list, but we still have to wait for that * writeout. */ while (!list_empty(&sync_list)) { struct inode *inode = list_first_entry(&sync_list, struct inode, i_wb_list); struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; /* * Move each inode back to the wb list before we drop the lock * to preserve consistency between i_wb_list and the mapping * writeback tag. Writeback completion is responsible to remove * the inode from either list once the writeback tag is cleared. */ list_move_tail(&inode->i_wb_list, &sb->s_inodes_wb); /* * The mapping can appear untagged while still on-list since we * do not have the mapping lock. Skip it here, wb completion * will remove it. */ if (!mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK)) continue; spin_unlock_irq(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (inode->i_state & (I_FREEING|I_WILL_FREE|I_NEW)) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock_irq(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock); continue; } __iget(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); /* * We keep the error status of individual mapping so that * applications can catch the writeback error using fsync(2). * See filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors() for details. */ filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(mapping); cond_resched(); iput(inode); rcu_read_lock(); spin_lock_irq(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock); } spin_unlock_irq(&sb->s_inode_wblist_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&sb->s_sync_lock); } static void __writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long nr, enum wb_reason reason, bool skip_if_busy) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = sb->s_bdi; DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION(done, bdi); struct wb_writeback_work work = { .sb = sb, .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE, .tagged_writepages = 1, .done = &done, .nr_pages = nr, .reason = reason, }; if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi) || bdi == &noop_backing_dev_info) return; WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&sb->s_umount)); bdi_split_work_to_wbs(sb->s_bdi, &work, skip_if_busy); wb_wait_for_completion(&done); } /** * writeback_inodes_sb_nr - writeback dirty inodes from given super_block * @sb: the superblock * @nr: the number of pages to write * @reason: reason why some writeback work initiated * * Start writeback on some inodes on this super_block. No guarantees are made * on how many (if any) will be written, and this function does not wait * for IO completion of submitted IO. */ void writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long nr, enum wb_reason reason) { __writeback_inodes_sb_nr(sb, nr, reason, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(writeback_inodes_sb_nr); /** * writeback_inodes_sb - writeback dirty inodes from given super_block * @sb: the superblock * @reason: reason why some writeback work was initiated * * Start writeback on some inodes on this super_block. No guarantees are made * on how many (if any) will be written, and this function does not wait * for IO completion of submitted IO. */ void writeback_inodes_sb(struct super_block *sb, enum wb_reason reason) { return writeback_inodes_sb_nr(sb, get_nr_dirty_pages(), reason); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(writeback_inodes_sb); /** * try_to_writeback_inodes_sb - try to start writeback if none underway * @sb: the superblock * @reason: reason why some writeback work was initiated * * Invoke __writeback_inodes_sb_nr if no writeback is currently underway. */ void try_to_writeback_inodes_sb(struct super_block *sb, enum wb_reason reason) { if (!down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount)) return; __writeback_inodes_sb_nr(sb, get_nr_dirty_pages(), reason, true); up_read(&sb->s_umount); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_writeback_inodes_sb); /** * sync_inodes_sb - sync sb inode pages * @sb: the superblock * * This function writes and waits on any dirty inode belonging to this * super_block. */ void sync_inodes_sb(struct super_block *sb) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = sb->s_bdi; DEFINE_WB_COMPLETION(done, bdi); struct wb_writeback_work work = { .sb = sb, .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_ALL, .nr_pages = LONG_MAX, .range_cyclic = 0, .done = &done, .reason = WB_REASON_SYNC, .for_sync = 1, }; /* * Can't skip on !bdi_has_dirty() because we should wait for !dirty * inodes under writeback and I_DIRTY_TIME inodes ignored by * bdi_has_dirty() need to be written out too. */ if (bdi == &noop_backing_dev_info) return; WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&sb->s_umount)); /* protect against inode wb switch, see inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() */ bdi_down_write_wb_switch_rwsem(bdi); bdi_split_work_to_wbs(bdi, &work, false); wb_wait_for_completion(&done); bdi_up_write_wb_switch_rwsem(bdi); wait_sb_inodes(sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_inodes_sb); /** * write_inode_now - write an inode to disk * @inode: inode to write to disk * @sync: whether the write should be synchronous or not * * This function commits an inode to disk immediately if it is dirty. This is * primarily needed by knfsd. * * The caller must either have a ref on the inode or must have set I_WILL_FREE. */ int write_inode_now(struct inode *inode, int sync) { struct writeback_control wbc = { .nr_to_write = LONG_MAX, .sync_mode = sync ? WB_SYNC_ALL : WB_SYNC_NONE, .range_start = 0, .range_end = LLONG_MAX, }; if (!mapping_can_writeback(inode->i_mapping)) wbc.nr_to_write = 0; might_sleep(); return writeback_single_inode(inode, &wbc); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(write_inode_now); /** * sync_inode - write an inode and its pages to disk. * @inode: the inode to sync * @wbc: controls the writeback mode * * sync_inode() will write an inode and its pages to disk. It will also * correctly update the inode on its superblock's dirty inode lists and will * update inode->i_state. * * The caller must have a ref on the inode. */ int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc) { return writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_inode); /** * sync_inode_metadata - write an inode to disk * @inode: the inode to sync * @wait: wait for I/O to complete. * * Write an inode to disk and adjust its dirty state after completion. * * Note: only writes the actual inode, no associated data or other metadata. */ int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait) { struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = wait ? WB_SYNC_ALL : WB_SYNC_NONE, .nr_to_write = 0, /* metadata-only */ }; return sync_inode(inode, &wbc); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_inode_metadata);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Because linux/module.h has tracepoints in the header, and ftrace.h * used to include this file, define_trace.h includes linux/module.h * But we do not want the module.h to override the TRACE_SYSTEM macro * variable that define_trace.h is processing, so we only set it * when module events are being processed, which would happen when * CREATE_TRACE_POINTS is defined. */ #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM module #endif #if !defined(_TRACE_MODULE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_MODULE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES struct module; #define show_module_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "", \ { (1UL << TAINT_PROPRIETARY_MODULE), "P" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_OOT_MODULE), "O" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_FORCED_MODULE), "F" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_CRAP), "C" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE), "E" }) TRACE_EVENT(module_load, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod), TP_ARGS(mod), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, taints ) __string( name, mod->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->taints = mod->taints; __assign_str(name, mod->name); ), TP_printk("%s %s", __get_str(name), show_module_flags(__entry->taints)) ); TRACE_EVENT(module_free, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod), TP_ARGS(mod), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, mod->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, mod->name); ), TP_printk("%s", __get_str(name)) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD /* trace_module_get/put are only used if CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD is defined */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(module_refcnt, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(mod, ip), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( int, refcnt ) __string( name, mod->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ip = ip; __entry->refcnt = atomic_read(&mod->refcnt); __assign_str(name, mod->name); ), TP_printk("%s call_site=%ps refcnt=%d", __get_str(name), (void *)__entry->ip, __entry->refcnt) ); DEFINE_EVENT(module_refcnt, module_get, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(mod, ip) ); DEFINE_EVENT(module_refcnt, module_put, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(mod, ip) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD */ TRACE_EVENT(module_request, TP_PROTO(char *name, bool wait, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(name, wait, ip), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( bool, wait ) __string( name, name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ip = ip; __entry->wait = wait; __assign_str(name, name); ), TP_printk("%s wait=%d call_site=%ps", __get_str(name), (int)__entry->wait, (void *)__entry->ip) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */ #endif /* _TRACE_MODULE_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include "physaddr.h" #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)); } return x; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); unsigned long __phys_addr_symbol(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* only check upper bounds since lower bounds will trigger carry */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); return y + phys_base; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr_symbol); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; if (y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE) return false; } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ if ((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)) return false; } return pfn_valid(x >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long phys_addr = x - PAGE_OFFSET; /* VMALLOC_* aren't constants */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(x < PAGE_OFFSET); VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)); /* max_low_pfn is set early, but not _that_ early */ if (max_low_pfn) { VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((phys_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) > max_low_pfn); BUG_ON(slow_virt_to_phys((void *)x) != phys_addr); } return phys_addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { if (x < PAGE_OFFSET) return false; if (__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)) return false; if (x >= FIXADDR_START) return false; return pfn_valid((x - PAGE_OFFSET) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Detect hard and soft lockups on a system * * started by Don Zickus, Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc. * * Note: Most of this code is borrowed heavily from the original softlockup * detector, so thanks to Ingo for the initial implementation. * Some chunks also taken from the old x86-specific nmi watchdog code, thanks * to those contributors as well. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) "watchdog: " fmt #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/tick.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/debug.h> #include <linux/sched/isolation.h> #include <linux/stop_machine.h> #include <asm/irq_regs.h> #include <linux/kvm_para.h> static DEFINE_MUTEX(watchdog_mutex); #if defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR) || defined(CONFIG_HAVE_NMI_WATCHDOG) # define WATCHDOG_DEFAULT (SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED | NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED) # define NMI_WATCHDOG_DEFAULT 1 #else # define WATCHDOG_DEFAULT (SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED) # define NMI_WATCHDOG_DEFAULT 0 #endif unsigned long __read_mostly watchdog_enabled; int __read_mostly watchdog_user_enabled = 1; int __read_mostly nmi_watchdog_user_enabled = NMI_WATCHDOG_DEFAULT; int __read_mostly soft_watchdog_user_enabled = 1; int __read_mostly watchdog_thresh = 10; static int __read_mostly nmi_watchdog_available; struct cpumask watchdog_cpumask __read_mostly; unsigned long *watchdog_cpumask_bits = cpumask_bits(&watchdog_cpumask); #ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR # ifdef CONFIG_SMP int __read_mostly sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace; # endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * Should we panic when a soft-lockup or hard-lockup occurs: */ unsigned int __read_mostly hardlockup_panic = CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_HARDLOCKUP_PANIC_VALUE; /* * We may not want to enable hard lockup detection by default in all cases, * for example when running the kernel as a guest on a hypervisor. In these * cases this function can be called to disable hard lockup detection. This * function should only be executed once by the boot processor before the * kernel command line parameters are parsed, because otherwise it is not * possible to override this in hardlockup_panic_setup(). */ void __init hardlockup_detector_disable(void) { nmi_watchdog_user_enabled = 0; } static int __init hardlockup_panic_setup(char *str) { if (!strncmp(str, "panic", 5)) hardlockup_panic = 1; else if (!strncmp(str, "nopanic", 7)) hardlockup_panic = 0; else if (!strncmp(str, "0", 1)) nmi_watchdog_user_enabled = 0; else if (!strncmp(str, "1", 1)) nmi_watchdog_user_enabled = 1; return 1; } __setup("nmi_watchdog=", hardlockup_panic_setup); #endif /* CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR */ /* * These functions can be overridden if an architecture implements its * own hardlockup detector. * * watchdog_nmi_enable/disable can be implemented to start and stop when * softlockup watchdog threads start and stop. The arch must select the * SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR Kconfig. */ int __weak watchdog_nmi_enable(unsigned int cpu) { hardlockup_detector_perf_enable(); return 0; } void __weak watchdog_nmi_disable(unsigned int cpu) { hardlockup_detector_perf_disable(); } /* Return 0, if a NMI watchdog is available. Error code otherwise */ int __weak __init watchdog_nmi_probe(void) { return hardlockup_detector_perf_init(); } /** * watchdog_nmi_stop - Stop the watchdog for reconfiguration * * The reconfiguration steps are: * watchdog_nmi_stop(); * update_variables(); * watchdog_nmi_start(); */ void __weak watchdog_nmi_stop(void) { } /** * watchdog_nmi_start - Start the watchdog after reconfiguration * * Counterpart to watchdog_nmi_stop(). * * The following variables have been updated in update_variables() and * contain the currently valid configuration: * - watchdog_enabled * - watchdog_thresh * - watchdog_cpumask */ void __weak watchdog_nmi_start(void) { } /** * lockup_detector_update_enable - Update the sysctl enable bit * * Caller needs to make sure that the NMI/perf watchdogs are off, so this * can't race with watchdog_nmi_disable(). */ static void lockup_detector_update_enable(void) { watchdog_enabled = 0; if (!watchdog_user_enabled) return; if (nmi_watchdog_available && nmi_watchdog_user_enabled) watchdog_enabled |= NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED; if (soft_watchdog_user_enabled) watchdog_enabled |= SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED; } #ifdef CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR #define SOFTLOCKUP_RESET ULONG_MAX #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int __read_mostly sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace; #endif static struct cpumask watchdog_allowed_mask __read_mostly; /* Global variables, exported for sysctl */ unsigned int __read_mostly softlockup_panic = CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_SOFTLOCKUP_PANIC_VALUE; static bool softlockup_initialized __read_mostly; static u64 __read_mostly sample_period; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, watchdog_touch_ts); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hrtimer, watchdog_hrtimer); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, softlockup_touch_sync); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, hrtimer_interrupts); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, hrtimer_interrupts_saved); static unsigned long soft_lockup_nmi_warn; static int __init nowatchdog_setup(char *str) { watchdog_user_enabled = 0; return 1; } __setup("nowatchdog", nowatchdog_setup); static int __init nosoftlockup_setup(char *str) { soft_watchdog_user_enabled = 0; return 1; } __setup("nosoftlockup", nosoftlockup_setup); static int __init watchdog_thresh_setup(char *str) { get_option(&str, &watchdog_thresh); return 1; } __setup("watchdog_thresh=", watchdog_thresh_setup); static void __lockup_detector_cleanup(void); /* * Hard-lockup warnings should be triggered after just a few seconds. Soft- * lockups can have false positives under extreme conditions. So we generally * want a higher threshold for soft lockups than for hard lockups. So we couple * the thresholds with a factor: we make the soft threshold twice the amount of * time the hard threshold is. */ static int get_softlockup_thresh(void) { return watchdog_thresh * 2; } /* * Returns seconds, approximately. We don't need nanosecond * resolution, and we don't need to waste time with a big divide when * 2^30ns == 1.074s. */ static unsigned long get_timestamp(void) { return running_clock() >> 30LL; /* 2^30 ~= 10^9 */ } static void set_sample_period(void) { /* * convert watchdog_thresh from seconds to ns * the divide by 5 is to give hrtimer several chances (two * or three with the current relation between the soft * and hard thresholds) to increment before the * hardlockup detector generates a warning */ sample_period = get_softlockup_thresh() * ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC / 5); watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(sample_period); } /* Commands for resetting the watchdog */ static void update_touch_ts(void) { __this_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, get_timestamp()); } /** * touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched - touch watchdog on scheduler stalls * * Call when the scheduler may have stalled for legitimate reasons * preventing the watchdog task from executing - e.g. the scheduler * entering idle state. This should only be used for scheduler events. * Use touch_softlockup_watchdog() for everything else. */ notrace void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(void) { /* * Preemption can be enabled. It doesn't matter which CPU's timestamp * gets zeroed here, so use the raw_ operation. */ raw_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, SOFTLOCKUP_RESET); } notrace void touch_softlockup_watchdog(void) { touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(); wq_watchdog_touch(raw_smp_processor_id()); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_softlockup_watchdog); void touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs(void) { int cpu; /* * watchdog_mutex cannpt be taken here, as this might be called * from (soft)interrupt context, so the access to * watchdog_allowed_cpumask might race with a concurrent update. * * The watchdog time stamp can race against a concurrent real * update as well, the only side effect might be a cycle delay for * the softlockup check. */ for_each_cpu(cpu, &watchdog_allowed_mask) per_cpu(watchdog_touch_ts, cpu) = SOFTLOCKUP_RESET; wq_watchdog_touch(-1); } void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sync(void) { __this_cpu_write(softlockup_touch_sync, true); __this_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, SOFTLOCKUP_RESET); } static int is_softlockup(unsigned long touch_ts) { unsigned long now = get_timestamp(); if ((watchdog_enabled & SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED) && watchdog_thresh){ /* Warn about unreasonable delays. */ if (time_after(now, touch_ts + get_softlockup_thresh())) return now - touch_ts; } return 0; } /* watchdog detector functions */ bool is_hardlockup(void) { unsigned long hrint = __this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts); if (__this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts_saved) == hrint) return true; __this_cpu_write(hrtimer_interrupts_saved, hrint); return false; } static void watchdog_interrupt_count(void) { __this_cpu_inc(hrtimer_interrupts); } static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct completion, softlockup_completion); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_stop_work, softlockup_stop_work); /* * The watchdog thread function - touches the timestamp. * * It only runs once every sample_period seconds (4 seconds by * default) to reset the softlockup timestamp. If this gets delayed * for more than 2*watchdog_thresh seconds then the debug-printout * triggers in watchdog_timer_fn(). */ static int softlockup_fn(void *data) { update_touch_ts(); complete(this_cpu_ptr(&softlockup_completion)); return 0; } /* watchdog kicker functions */ static enum hrtimer_restart watchdog_timer_fn(struct hrtimer *hrtimer) { unsigned long touch_ts = __this_cpu_read(watchdog_touch_ts); struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs(); int duration; int softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace = sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace; if (!watchdog_enabled) return HRTIMER_NORESTART; /* kick the hardlockup detector */ watchdog_interrupt_count(); /* kick the softlockup detector */ if (completion_done(this_cpu_ptr(&softlockup_completion))) { reinit_completion(this_cpu_ptr(&softlockup_completion)); stop_one_cpu_nowait(smp_processor_id(), softlockup_fn, NULL, this_cpu_ptr(&softlockup_stop_work)); } /* .. and repeat */ hrtimer_forward_now(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period)); if (touch_ts == SOFTLOCKUP_RESET) { if (unlikely(__this_cpu_read(softlockup_touch_sync))) { /* * If the time stamp was touched atomically * make sure the scheduler tick is up to date. */ __this_cpu_write(softlockup_touch_sync, false); sched_clock_tick(); } /* Clear the guest paused flag on watchdog reset */ kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused(); update_touch_ts(); return HRTIMER_RESTART; } /* check for a softlockup * This is done by making sure a high priority task is * being scheduled. The task touches the watchdog to * indicate it is getting cpu time. If it hasn't then * this is a good indication some task is hogging the cpu */ duration = is_softlockup(touch_ts); if (unlikely(duration)) { /* * If a virtual machine is stopped by the host it can look to * the watchdog like a soft lockup, check to see if the host * stopped the vm before we issue the warning */ if (kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused()) return HRTIMER_RESTART; /* * Prevent multiple soft-lockup reports if one cpu is already * engaged in dumping all cpu back traces. */ if (softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace) { if (test_and_set_bit_lock(0, &soft_lockup_nmi_warn)) return HRTIMER_RESTART; } /* Start period for the next softlockup warning. */ update_touch_ts(); pr_emerg("BUG: soft lockup - CPU#%d stuck for %us! [%s:%d]\n", smp_processor_id(), duration, current->comm, task_pid_nr(current)); print_modules(); print_irqtrace_events(current); if (regs) show_regs(regs); else dump_stack(); if (softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace) { trigger_allbutself_cpu_backtrace(); clear_bit_unlock(0, &soft_lockup_nmi_warn); } add_taint(TAINT_SOFTLOCKUP, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK); if (softlockup_panic) panic("softlockup: hung tasks"); } return HRTIMER_RESTART; } static void watchdog_enable(unsigned int cpu) { struct hrtimer *hrtimer = this_cpu_ptr(&watchdog_hrtimer); struct completion *done = this_cpu_ptr(&softlockup_completion); WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu != smp_processor_id()); init_completion(done); complete(done); /* * Start the timer first to prevent the NMI watchdog triggering * before the timer has a chance to fire. */ hrtimer_init(hrtimer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_HARD); hrtimer->function = watchdog_timer_fn; hrtimer_start(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period), HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED_HARD); /* Initialize timestamp */ update_touch_ts(); /* Enable the perf event */ if (watchdog_enabled & NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED) watchdog_nmi_enable(cpu); } static void watchdog_disable(unsigned int cpu) { struct hrtimer *hrtimer = this_cpu_ptr(&watchdog_hrtimer); WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu != smp_processor_id()); /* * Disable the perf event first. That prevents that a large delay * between disabling the timer and disabling the perf event causes * the perf NMI to detect a false positive. */ watchdog_nmi_disable(cpu); hrtimer_cancel(hrtimer); wait_for_completion(this_cpu_ptr(&softlockup_completion)); } static int softlockup_stop_fn(void *data) { watchdog_disable(smp_processor_id()); return 0; } static void softlockup_stop_all(void) { int cpu; if (!softlockup_initialized) return; for_each_cpu(cpu, &watchdog_allowed_mask) smp_call_on_cpu(cpu, softlockup_stop_fn, NULL, false); cpumask_clear(&watchdog_allowed_mask); } static int softlockup_start_fn(void *data) { watchdog_enable(smp_processor_id()); return 0; } static void softlockup_start_all(void) { int cpu; cpumask_copy(&watchdog_allowed_mask, &watchdog_cpumask); for_each_cpu(cpu, &watchdog_allowed_mask) smp_call_on_cpu(cpu, softlockup_start_fn, NULL, false); } int lockup_detector_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, &watchdog_allowed_mask)) watchdog_enable(cpu); return 0; } int lockup_detector_offline_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, &watchdog_allowed_mask)) watchdog_disable(cpu); return 0; } static void lockup_detector_reconfigure(void) { cpus_read_lock(); watchdog_nmi_stop(); softlockup_stop_all(); set_sample_period(); lockup_detector_update_enable(); if (watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh) softlockup_start_all(); watchdog_nmi_start(); cpus_read_unlock(); /* * Must be called outside the cpus locked section to prevent * recursive locking in the perf code. */ __lockup_detector_cleanup(); } /* * Create the watchdog thread infrastructure and configure the detector(s). * * The threads are not unparked as watchdog_allowed_mask is empty. When * the threads are successfully initialized, take the proper locks and * unpark the threads in the watchdog_cpumask if the watchdog is enabled. */ static __init void lockup_detector_setup(void) { /* * If sysctl is off and watchdog got disabled on the command line, * nothing to do here. */ lockup_detector_update_enable(); if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && !(watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh)) return; mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex); lockup_detector_reconfigure(); softlockup_initialized = true; mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex); } #else /* CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR */ static void lockup_detector_reconfigure(void) { cpus_read_lock(); watchdog_nmi_stop(); lockup_detector_update_enable(); watchdog_nmi_start(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static inline void lockup_detector_setup(void) { lockup_detector_reconfigure(); } #endif /* !CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR */ static void __lockup_detector_cleanup(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&watchdog_mutex); hardlockup_detector_perf_cleanup(); } /** * lockup_detector_cleanup - Cleanup after cpu hotplug or sysctl changes * * Caller must not hold the cpu hotplug rwsem. */ void lockup_detector_cleanup(void) { mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex); __lockup_detector_cleanup(); mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex); } /** * lockup_detector_soft_poweroff - Interface to stop lockup detector(s) * * Special interface for parisc. It prevents lockup detector warnings from * the default pm_poweroff() function which busy loops forever. */ void lockup_detector_soft_poweroff(void) { watchdog_enabled = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL /* Propagate any changes to the watchdog threads */ static void proc_watchdog_update(void) { /* Remove impossible cpus to keep sysctl output clean. */ cpumask_and(&watchdog_cpumask, &watchdog_cpumask, cpu_possible_mask); lockup_detector_reconfigure(); } /* * common function for watchdog, nmi_watchdog and soft_watchdog parameter * * caller | table->data points to | 'which' * -------------------|----------------------------|-------------------------- * proc_watchdog | watchdog_user_enabled | NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED | * | | SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED * -------------------|----------------------------|-------------------------- * proc_nmi_watchdog | nmi_watchdog_user_enabled | NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED * -------------------|----------------------------|-------------------------- * proc_soft_watchdog | soft_watchdog_user_enabled | SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED */ static int proc_watchdog_common(int which, struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int err, old, *param = table->data; mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex); if (!write) { /* * On read synchronize the userspace interface. This is a * racy snapshot. */ *param = (watchdog_enabled & which) != 0; err = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } else { old = READ_ONCE(*param); err = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (!err && old != READ_ONCE(*param)) proc_watchdog_update(); } mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex); return err; } /* * /proc/sys/kernel/watchdog */ int proc_watchdog(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return proc_watchdog_common(NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED|SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED, table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } /* * /proc/sys/kernel/nmi_watchdog */ int proc_nmi_watchdog(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { if (!nmi_watchdog_available && write) return -ENOTSUPP; return proc_watchdog_common(NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED, table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } /* * /proc/sys/kernel/soft_watchdog */ int proc_soft_watchdog(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return proc_watchdog_common(SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED, table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } /* * /proc/sys/kernel/watchdog_thresh */ int proc_watchdog_thresh(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int err, old; mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex); old = READ_ONCE(watchdog_thresh); err = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (!err && write && old != READ_ONCE(watchdog_thresh)) proc_watchdog_update(); mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex); return err; } /* * The cpumask is the mask of possible cpus that the watchdog can run * on, not the mask of cpus it is actually running on. This allows the * user to specify a mask that will include cpus that have not yet * been brought online, if desired. */ int proc_watchdog_cpumask(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int err; mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex); err = proc_do_large_bitmap(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (!err && write) proc_watchdog_update(); mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex); return err; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ void __init lockup_detector_init(void) { if (tick_nohz_full_enabled()) pr_info("Disabling watchdog on nohz_full cores by default\n"); cpumask_copy(&watchdog_cpumask, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_TIMER)); if (!watchdog_nmi_probe()) nmi_watchdog_available = true; lockup_detector_setup(); }
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* user-type.h: User-defined key type * * Copyright (C) 2005 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _KEYS_USER_TYPE_H #define _KEYS_USER_TYPE_H #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /*****************************************************************************/ /* * the payload for a key of type "user" or "logon" * - once filled in and attached to a key: * - the payload struct is invariant may not be changed, only replaced * - the payload must be read with RCU procedures or with the key semaphore * held * - the payload may only be replaced with the key semaphore write-locked * - the key's data length is the size of the actual data, not including the * payload wrapper */ struct user_key_payload { struct rcu_head rcu; /* RCU destructor */ unsigned short datalen; /* length of this data */ char data[] __aligned(__alignof__(u64)); /* actual data */ }; extern struct key_type key_type_user; extern struct key_type key_type_logon; struct key_preparsed_payload; extern int user_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep); extern void user_free_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep); extern int user_update(struct key *key, struct key_preparsed_payload *prep); extern void user_revoke(struct key *key); extern void user_destroy(struct key *key); extern void user_describe(const struct key *user, struct seq_file *m); extern long user_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen); static inline const struct user_key_payload *user_key_payload_rcu(const struct key *key) { return (struct user_key_payload *)dereference_key_rcu(key); } static inline struct user_key_payload *user_key_payload_locked(const struct key *key) { return (struct user_key_payload *)dereference_key_locked((struct key *)key); } #endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #endif /* _KEYS_USER_TYPE_H */
2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #include <asm/extable.h> /* * Test whether a block of memory is a valid user space address. * Returns 0 if the range is valid, nonzero otherwise. */ static inline bool __chk_range_not_ok(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long limit) { /* * If we have used "sizeof()" for the size, * we know it won't overflow the limit (but * it might overflow the 'addr', so it's * important to subtract the size from the * limit, not add it to the address). */ if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) return unlikely(addr > limit - size); /* Arbitrary sizes? Be careful about overflow */ addr += size; if (unlikely(addr < size)) return true; return unlikely(addr > limit); } #define __range_not_ok(addr, size, limit) \ ({ \ __chk_user_ptr(addr); \ __chk_range_not_ok((unsigned long __force)(addr), size, limit); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void); # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task() && !pagefault_disabled()) #else # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() #endif /** * access_ok - Checks if a user space pointer is valid * @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check * @size: Size of block to check * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid. * * Note that, depending on architecture, this function probably just * checks that the pointer is in the user space range - after calling * this function, memory access functions may still return -EFAULT. * * Return: true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero) * if it is definitely invalid. */ #define access_ok(addr, size) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \ likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, TASK_SIZE_MAX)); \ }) extern int __get_user_1(void); extern int __get_user_2(void); extern int __get_user_4(void); extern int __get_user_8(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_1(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_2(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_4(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_8(void); extern int __get_user_bad(void); #define __uaccess_begin() stac() #define __uaccess_end() clac() #define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \ ({ \ stac(); \ barrier_nospec(); \ }) /* * This is the smallest unsigned integer type that can fit a value * (up to 'long long') */ #define __inttype(x) __typeof__( \ __typefits(x,char, \ __typefits(x,short, \ __typefits(x,int, \ __typefits(x,long,0ULL))))) #define __typefits(x,type,not) \ __builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x)<=sizeof(type),(unsigned type)0,not) /* * This is used for both get_user() and __get_user() to expand to * the proper special function call that has odd calling conventions * due to returning both a value and an error, and that depends on * the size of the pointer passed in. * * Careful: we have to cast the result to the type of the pointer * for sign reasons. * * The use of _ASM_DX as the register specifier is a bit of a * simplification, as gcc only cares about it as the starting point * and not size: for a 64-bit value it will use %ecx:%edx on 32 bits * (%ecx being the next register in gcc's x86 register sequence), and * %rdx on 64 bits. * * Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants * the base register for something that ends up being a pair. */ #define do_get_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_gu; \ register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P4" \ : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \ __builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \ }) /** * get_user - Get a simple variable from user space. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define get_user(x,ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_get_user_call(get_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __get_user - Get a simple variable from user space, with less checking. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define __get_user(x,ptr) do_get_user_call(get_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, addr, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \ "2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, %l2) \ : : "A" (x), "r" (addr) \ : : label) #else #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "q", "er", label) #endif extern void __put_user_bad(void); /* * Strange magic calling convention: pointer in %ecx, * value in %eax(:%edx), return value in %ecx. clobbers %rbx */ extern void __put_user_1(void); extern void __put_user_2(void); extern void __put_user_4(void); extern void __put_user_8(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_1(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_2(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_4(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_8(void); /* * ptr must be evaluated and assigned to the temporary __ptr_pu before * the assignment of x to __val_pu, to avoid any function calls * involved in the ptr expression (possibly implicitly generated due * to KASAN) from clobbering %ax. */ #define do_put_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_pu; \ void __user *__ptr_pu; \ register __typeof__(*(ptr)) __val_pu asm("%"_ASM_AX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ __ptr_pu = (ptr); \ __val_pu = (x); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P[size]" \ : "=c" (__ret_pu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (__ptr_pu), \ "r" (__val_pu), \ [size] "i" (sizeof(*(ptr))) \ :"ebx"); \ __builtin_expect(__ret_pu, 0); \ }) /** * put_user - Write a simple value into user space. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define put_user(x, ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_put_user_call(put_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __put_user - Write a simple value into user space, with less checking. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define __put_user(x, ptr) do_put_user_call(put_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "b", "iq", label); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "w", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "l", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) do { \ unsigned int __gu_low, __gu_high; \ const unsigned int __user *__gu_ptr; \ __gu_ptr = (const void __user *)(ptr); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_low, __gu_ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_high, __gu_ptr+1, "l", "=r", label); \ (x) = ((unsigned long long)__gu_high << 32) | __gu_low; \ } while (0) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "q", "=r", label) #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, "b", "=q", label); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "w", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ ({ \ __typeof__(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: movl %[lowbits],%%eax\n" \ "2: movl %[highbits],%%edx\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %%eax,%%eax\n" \ " xorl %%edx,%%edx\n" \ " jmp 3b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 4b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, 4b) \ : [errout] "=r" (retval), \ [output] "=&A"(x) \ : [lowbits] "m" (__m(__ptr)), \ [highbits] "m" __m(((u32 __user *)(__ptr)) + 1), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (retval)); \ }) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "q", "=r") #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval) \ do { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ \ retval = 0; \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, retval, "b", "=q"); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "w", "=r"); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "l", "=r"); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, err, itype, ltype) \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %k[output],%k[output]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : [errout] "=r" (err), \ [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (err)) #endif // CONFIG_CC_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* FIXME: this hack is definitely wrong -AK */ struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; }; #define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x)) /* * Tell gcc we read from memory instead of writing: this is because * we do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no * aliasing issues. */ #define __put_user_goto(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %0,%1\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) extern unsigned long copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n); extern __must_check long strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count); extern __must_check long strnlen_user(const char __user *str, long n); unsigned long __must_check clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); unsigned long __must_check __clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #define copy_mc_to_kernel copy_mc_to_kernel unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_user(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #endif /* * movsl can be slow when source and dest are not both 8-byte aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY extern struct movsl_mask { int mask; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp movsl_mask; #endif #define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/uaccess_32.h> #else # include <asm/uaccess_64.h> #endif /* * The "unsafe" user accesses aren't really "unsafe", but the naming * is a big fat warning: you have to not only do the access_ok() * checking before using them, but you have to surround them with the * user_access_begin/end() pair. */ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *ptr, size_t len) { if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len))) return 0; __uaccess_begin_nospec(); return 1; } #define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b) #define user_access_end() __uaccess_end() #define user_access_save() smap_save() #define user_access_restore(x) smap_restore(x) #define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), err_label); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ } while (0) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ int __gu_err; \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* * We want the unsafe accessors to always be inlined and use * the error labels - thus the macro games. */ #define unsafe_copy_loop(dst, src, len, type, label) \ while (len >= sizeof(type)) { \ unsafe_put_user(*(type *)(src),(type __user *)(dst),label); \ dst += sizeof(type); \ src += sizeof(type); \ len -= sizeof(type); \ } #define unsafe_copy_to_user(_dst,_src,_len,label) \ do { \ char __user *__ucu_dst = (_dst); \ const char *__ucu_src = (_src); \ size_t __ucu_len = (_len); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u64, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u32, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u16, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u8, label); \ } while (0) #define HAVE_GET_KERNEL_NOFAULT #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ do { \ int __kr_err; \ \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), __kr_err); \ if (unlikely(__kr_err)) \ goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __put_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __put_user_size(*((type *)(src)), (__force type __user *)(dst), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/inotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /* struct kmem_cache */ struct inotify_event_info { struct fsnotify_event fse; u32 mask; int wd; u32 sync_cookie; int name_len; char name[]; }; struct inotify_inode_mark { struct fsnotify_mark fsn_mark; int wd; }; static inline struct inotify_event_info *INOTIFY_E(struct fsnotify_event *fse) { return container_of(fse, struct inotify_event_info, fse); } extern void inotify_ignored_and_remove_idr(struct fsnotify_mark *fsn_mark, struct fsnotify_group *group); extern int inotify_handle_inode_event(struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark, u32 mask, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie); extern const struct fsnotify_ops inotify_fsnotify_ops; extern struct kmem_cache *inotify_inode_mark_cachep; #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER static inline void dec_inotify_instances(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES); } static inline struct ucounts *inc_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { return inc_ucount(ucounts->ns, ucounts->uid, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } static inline void dec_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM oom #if !defined(_TRACE_OOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_OOM_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> TRACE_EVENT(oom_score_adj_update, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *task), TP_ARGS(task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( short, oom_score_adj) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task->pid; memcpy(__entry->comm, task->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj; ), TP_printk("pid=%d comm=%s oom_score_adj=%hd", __entry->pid, __entry->comm, __entry->oom_score_adj) ); TRACE_EVENT(reclaim_retry_zone, TP_PROTO(struct zoneref *zoneref, int order, unsigned long reclaimable, unsigned long available, unsigned long min_wmark, int no_progress_loops, bool wmark_check), TP_ARGS(zoneref, order, reclaimable, available, min_wmark, no_progress_loops, wmark_check), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, node) __field( int, zone_idx) __field( int, order) __field( unsigned long, reclaimable) __field( unsigned long, available) __field( unsigned long, min_wmark) __field( int, no_progress_loops) __field( bool, wmark_check) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->node = zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone); __entry->zone_idx = zoneref->zone_idx; __entry->order = order; __entry->reclaimable = reclaimable; __entry->available = available; __entry->min_wmark = min_wmark; __entry->no_progress_loops = no_progress_loops; __entry->wmark_check = wmark_check; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d reclaimable=%lu available=%lu min_wmark=%lu no_progress_loops=%d wmark_check=%d", __entry->node, __print_symbolic(__entry->zone_idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->reclaimable, __entry->available, __entry->min_wmark, __entry->no_progress_loops, __entry->wmark_check) ); TRACE_EVENT(mark_victim, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(wake_reaper, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(start_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(finish_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(skip_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(compact_retry, TP_PROTO(int order, enum compact_priority priority, enum compact_result result, int retries, int max_retries, bool ret), TP_ARGS(order, priority, result, retries, max_retries, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order) __field( int, priority) __field( int, result) __field( int, retries) __field( int, max_retries) __field( bool, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->result = compact_result_to_feedback(result); __entry->retries = retries; __entry->max_retries = max_retries; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("order=%d priority=%s compaction_result=%s retries=%d max_retries=%d should_retry=%d", __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->priority, COMPACTION_PRIORITY), __print_symbolic(__entry->result, COMPACTION_FEEDBACK), __entry->retries, __entry->max_retries, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 #ifndef _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #define _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> struct __una_u16 { u16 x; } __packed; struct __una_u32 { u32 x; } __packed; struct __una_u64 { u64 x; } __packed; static inline u16 __get_unaligned_cpu16(const void *p) { const struct __una_u16 *ptr = (const struct __una_u16 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u32 __get_unaligned_cpu32(const void *p) { const struct __una_u32 *ptr = (const struct __una_u32 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u64 __get_unaligned_cpu64(const void *p) { const struct __una_u64 *ptr = (const struct __una_u64 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu16(u16 val, void *p) { struct __una_u16 *ptr = (struct __una_u16 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu32(u32 val, void *p) { struct __una_u32 *ptr = (struct __una_u32 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu64(u64 val, void *p) { struct __una_u64 *ptr = (struct __una_u64 *)p; ptr->x = val; } #endif /* _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H */
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