1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NODEMASK_H #define __LINUX_NODEMASK_H /* * Nodemasks provide a bitmap suitable for representing the * set of Node's in a system, one bit position per Node number. * * See detailed comments in the file linux/bitmap.h describing the * data type on which these nodemasks are based. * * For details of nodemask_parse_user(), see bitmap_parse_user() in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodelist_parse(), see bitmap_parselist(), * also in bitmap.c. For details of node_remap(), see bitmap_bitremap in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_remap(), see bitmap_remap in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_onto(), see bitmap_onto in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_fold(), see bitmap_fold in * lib/bitmap.c. * * The available nodemask operations are: * * void node_set(node, mask) turn on bit 'node' in mask * void node_clear(node, mask) turn off bit 'node' in mask * void nodes_setall(mask) set all bits * void nodes_clear(mask) clear all bits * int node_isset(node, mask) true iff bit 'node' set in mask * int node_test_and_set(node, mask) test and set bit 'node' in mask * * void nodes_and(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 & src2 [intersection] * void nodes_or(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 | src2 [union] * void nodes_xor(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 ^ src2 * void nodes_andnot(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 & ~src2 * void nodes_complement(dst, src) dst = ~src * * int nodes_equal(mask1, mask2) Does mask1 == mask2? * int nodes_intersects(mask1, mask2) Do mask1 and mask2 intersect? * int nodes_subset(mask1, mask2) Is mask1 a subset of mask2? * int nodes_empty(mask) Is mask empty (no bits sets)? * int nodes_full(mask) Is mask full (all bits sets)? * int nodes_weight(mask) Hamming weight - number of set bits * * void nodes_shift_right(dst, src, n) Shift right * void nodes_shift_left(dst, src, n) Shift left * * int first_node(mask) Number lowest set bit, or MAX_NUMNODES * int next_node(node, mask) Next node past 'node', or MAX_NUMNODES * int next_node_in(node, mask) Next node past 'node', or wrap to first, * or MAX_NUMNODES * int first_unset_node(mask) First node not set in mask, or * MAX_NUMNODES * * nodemask_t nodemask_of_node(node) Return nodemask with bit 'node' set * NODE_MASK_ALL Initializer - all bits set * NODE_MASK_NONE Initializer - no bits set * unsigned long *nodes_addr(mask) Array of unsigned long's in mask * * int nodemask_parse_user(ubuf, ulen, mask) Parse ascii string as nodemask * int nodelist_parse(buf, map) Parse ascii string as nodelist * int node_remap(oldbit, old, new) newbit = map(old, new)(oldbit) * void nodes_remap(dst, src, old, new) *dst = map(old, new)(src) * void nodes_onto(dst, orig, relmap) *dst = orig relative to relmap * void nodes_fold(dst, orig, sz) dst bits = orig bits mod sz * * for_each_node_mask(node, mask) for-loop node over mask * * int num_online_nodes() Number of online Nodes * int num_possible_nodes() Number of all possible Nodes * * int node_random(mask) Random node with set bit in mask * * int node_online(node) Is some node online? * int node_possible(node) Is some node possible? * * node_set_online(node) set bit 'node' in node_online_map * node_set_offline(node) clear bit 'node' in node_online_map * * for_each_node(node) for-loop node over node_possible_map * for_each_online_node(node) for-loop node over node_online_map * * Subtlety: * 1) The 'type-checked' form of node_isset() causes gcc (3.3.2, anyway) * to generate slightly worse code. So use a simple one-line #define * for node_isset(), instead of wrapping an inline inside a macro, the * way we do the other calls. * * NODEMASK_SCRATCH * When doing above logical AND, OR, XOR, Remap operations the callers tend to * need temporary nodemask_t's on the stack. But if NODES_SHIFT is large, * nodemask_t's consume too much stack space. NODEMASK_SCRATCH is a helper * for such situations. See below and CPUMASK_ALLOC also. */ #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/numa.h> typedef struct { DECLARE_BITMAP(bits, MAX_NUMNODES); } nodemask_t; extern nodemask_t _unused_nodemask_arg_; /** * nodemask_pr_args - printf args to output a nodemask * @maskp: nodemask to be printed * * Can be used to provide arguments for '%*pb[l]' when printing a nodemask. */ #define nodemask_pr_args(maskp) __nodemask_pr_numnodes(maskp), \ __nodemask_pr_bits(maskp) static inline unsigned int __nodemask_pr_numnodes(const nodemask_t *m) { return m ? MAX_NUMNODES : 0; } static inline const unsigned long *__nodemask_pr_bits(const nodemask_t *m) { return m ? m->bits : NULL; } /* * The inline keyword gives the compiler room to decide to inline, or * not inline a function as it sees best. However, as these functions * are called in both __init and non-__init functions, if they are not * inlined we will end up with a section mis-match error (of the type of * freeable items not being freed). So we must use __always_inline here * to fix the problem. If other functions in the future also end up in * this situation they will also need to be annotated as __always_inline */ #define node_set(node, dst) __node_set((node), &(dst)) static __always_inline void __node_set(int node, volatile nodemask_t *dstp) { set_bit(node, dstp->bits); } #define node_clear(node, dst) __node_clear((node), &(dst)) static inline void __node_clear(int node, volatile nodemask_t *dstp) { clear_bit(node, dstp->bits); } #define nodes_setall(dst) __nodes_setall(&(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_setall(nodemask_t *dstp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_fill(dstp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_clear(dst) __nodes_clear(&(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_clear(nodemask_t *dstp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_zero(dstp->bits, nbits); } /* No static inline type checking - see Subtlety (1) above. */ #define node_isset(node, nodemask) test_bit((node), (nodemask).bits) #define node_test_and_set(node, nodemask) \ __node_test_and_set((node), &(nodemask)) static inline int __node_test_and_set(int node, nodemask_t *addr) { return test_and_set_bit(node, addr->bits); } #define nodes_and(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_and(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_and(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_and(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_or(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_or(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_or(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_or(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_xor(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_xor(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_xor(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_xor(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_andnot(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_andnot(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_andnot(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_andnot(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_complement(dst, src) \ __nodes_complement(&(dst), &(src), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_complement(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_complement(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_equal(src1, src2) \ __nodes_equal(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_equal(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_equal(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_intersects(src1, src2) \ __nodes_intersects(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_intersects(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_intersects(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_subset(src1, src2) \ __nodes_subset(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_subset(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_subset(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_empty(src) __nodes_empty(&(src), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_empty(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_empty(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_full(nodemask) __nodes_full(&(nodemask), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_full(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_full(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_weight(nodemask) __nodes_weight(&(nodemask), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_weight(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_weight(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_shift_right(dst, src, n) \ __nodes_shift_right(&(dst), &(src), (n), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_shift_right(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, int n, int nbits) { bitmap_shift_right(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, n, nbits); } #define nodes_shift_left(dst, src, n) \ __nodes_shift_left(&(dst), &(src), (n), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_shift_left(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, int n, int nbits) { bitmap_shift_left(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, n, nbits); } /* FIXME: better would be to fix all architectures to never return > MAX_NUMNODES, then the silly min_ts could be dropped. */ #define first_node(src) __first_node(&(src)) static inline int __first_node(const nodemask_t *srcp) { return min_t(int, MAX_NUMNODES, find_first_bit(srcp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES)); } #define next_node(n, src) __next_node((n), &(src)) static inline int __next_node(int n, const nodemask_t *srcp) { return min_t(int,MAX_NUMNODES,find_next_bit(srcp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES, n+1)); } /* * Find the next present node in src, starting after node n, wrapping around to * the first node in src if needed. Returns MAX_NUMNODES if src is empty. */ #define next_node_in(n, src) __next_node_in((n), &(src)) int __next_node_in(int node, const nodemask_t *srcp); static inline void init_nodemask_of_node(nodemask_t *mask, int node) { nodes_clear(*mask); node_set(node, *mask); } #define nodemask_of_node(node) \ ({ \ typeof(_unused_nodemask_arg_) m; \ if (sizeof(m) == sizeof(unsigned long)) { \ m.bits[0] = 1UL << (node); \ } else { \ init_nodemask_of_node(&m, (node)); \ } \ m; \ }) #define first_unset_node(mask) __first_unset_node(&(mask)) static inline int __first_unset_node(const nodemask_t *maskp) { return min_t(int,MAX_NUMNODES, find_first_zero_bit(maskp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES)); } #define NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(MAX_NUMNODES) #if MAX_NUMNODES <= BITS_PER_LONG #define NODE_MASK_ALL \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD \ } }) #else #define NODE_MASK_ALL \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-2] = ~0UL, \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD \ } }) #endif #define NODE_MASK_NONE \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = 0UL \ } }) #define nodes_addr(src) ((src).bits) #define nodemask_parse_user(ubuf, ulen, dst) \ __nodemask_parse_user((ubuf), (ulen), &(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodemask_parse_user(const char __user *buf, int len, nodemask_t *dstp, int nbits) { return bitmap_parse_user(buf, len, dstp->bits, nbits); } #define nodelist_parse(buf, dst) __nodelist_parse((buf), &(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodelist_parse(const char *buf, nodemask_t *dstp, int nbits) { return bitmap_parselist(buf, dstp->bits, nbits); } #define node_remap(oldbit, old, new) \ __node_remap((oldbit), &(old), &(new), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __node_remap(int oldbit, const nodemask_t *oldp, const nodemask_t *newp, int nbits) { return bitmap_bitremap(oldbit, oldp->bits, newp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_remap(dst, src, old, new) \ __nodes_remap(&(dst), &(src), &(old), &(new), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_remap(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, const nodemask_t *oldp, const nodemask_t *newp, int nbits) { bitmap_remap(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, oldp->bits, newp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_onto(dst, orig, relmap) \ __nodes_onto(&(dst), &(orig), &(relmap), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_onto(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *origp, const nodemask_t *relmapp, int nbits) { bitmap_onto(dstp->bits, origp->bits, relmapp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_fold(dst, orig, sz) \ __nodes_fold(&(dst), &(orig), sz, MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_fold(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *origp, int sz, int nbits) { bitmap_fold(dstp->bits, origp->bits, sz, nbits); } #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 #define for_each_node_mask(node, mask) \ for ((node) = first_node(mask); \ (node) < MAX_NUMNODES; \ (node) = next_node((node), (mask))) #else /* MAX_NUMNODES == 1 */ #define for_each_node_mask(node, mask) \ if (!nodes_empty(mask)) \ for ((node) = 0; (node) < 1; (node)++) #endif /* MAX_NUMNODES */ /* * Bitmasks that are kept for all the nodes. */ enum node_states { N_POSSIBLE, /* The node could become online at some point */ N_ONLINE, /* The node is online */ N_NORMAL_MEMORY, /* The node has regular memory */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM N_HIGH_MEMORY, /* The node has regular or high memory */ #else N_HIGH_MEMORY = N_NORMAL_MEMORY, #endif N_MEMORY, /* The node has memory(regular, high, movable) */ N_CPU, /* The node has one or more cpus */ N_GENERIC_INITIATOR, /* The node has one or more Generic Initiators */ NR_NODE_STATES }; /* * The following particular system nodemasks and operations * on them manage all possible and online nodes. */ extern nodemask_t node_states[NR_NODE_STATES]; #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 static inline int node_state(int node, enum node_states state) { return node_isset(node, node_states[state]); } static inline void node_set_state(int node, enum node_states state) { __node_set(node, &node_states[state]); } static inline void node_clear_state(int node, enum node_states state) { __node_clear(node, &node_states[state]); } static inline int num_node_state(enum node_states state) { return nodes_weight(node_states[state]); } #define for_each_node_state(__node, __state) \ for_each_node_mask((__node), node_states[__state]) #define first_online_node first_node(node_states[N_ONLINE]) #define first_memory_node first_node(node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline int next_online_node(int nid) { return next_node(nid, node_states[N_ONLINE]); } static inline int next_memory_node(int nid) { return next_node(nid, node_states[N_MEMORY]); } extern unsigned int nr_node_ids; extern unsigned int nr_online_nodes; static inline void node_set_online(int nid) { node_set_state(nid, N_ONLINE); nr_online_nodes = num_node_state(N_ONLINE); } static inline void node_set_offline(int nid) { node_clear_state(nid, N_ONLINE); nr_online_nodes = num_node_state(N_ONLINE); } #else static inline int node_state(int node, enum node_states state) { return node == 0; } static inline void node_set_state(int node, enum node_states state) { } static inline void node_clear_state(int node, enum node_states state) { } static inline int num_node_state(enum node_states state) { return 1; } #define for_each_node_state(node, __state) \ for ( (node) = 0; (node) == 0; (node) = 1) #define first_online_node 0 #define first_memory_node 0 #define next_online_node(nid) (MAX_NUMNODES) #define nr_node_ids 1U #define nr_online_nodes 1U #define node_set_online(node) node_set_state((node), N_ONLINE) #define node_set_offline(node) node_clear_state((node), N_ONLINE) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NUMA) && (MAX_NUMNODES > 1) extern int node_random(const nodemask_t *maskp); #else static inline int node_random(const nodemask_t *mask) { return 0; } #endif #define node_online_map node_states[N_ONLINE] #define node_possible_map node_states[N_POSSIBLE] #define num_online_nodes() num_node_state(N_ONLINE) #define num_possible_nodes() num_node_state(N_POSSIBLE) #define node_online(node) node_state((node), N_ONLINE) #define node_possible(node) node_state((node), N_POSSIBLE) #define for_each_node(node) for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE) #define for_each_online_node(node) for_each_node_state(node, N_ONLINE) /* * For nodemask scrach area. * NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name) allocates an object with a specified type and * name. */ #if NODES_SHIFT > 8 /* nodemask_t > 32 bytes */ #define NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name, gfp_flags) \ type *name = kmalloc(sizeof(*name), gfp_flags) #define NODEMASK_FREE(m) kfree(m) #else #define NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name, gfp_flags) type _##name, *name = &_##name #define NODEMASK_FREE(m) do {} while (0) #endif /* A example struture for using NODEMASK_ALLOC, used in mempolicy. */ struct nodemask_scratch { nodemask_t mask1; nodemask_t mask2; }; #define NODEMASK_SCRATCH(x) \ NODEMASK_ALLOC(struct nodemask_scratch, x, \ GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #define NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(x) NODEMASK_FREE(x) #endif /* __LINUX_NODEMASK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 /* * Written by: Matthew Dobson, IBM Corporation * * Copyright (C) 2002, IBM Corp. * * All rights reserved. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more * details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. * * Send feedback to <colpatch@us.ibm.com> */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H #define _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H /* * to preserve the visibility of NUMA_NO_NODE definition, * moved to there from here. May be used independent of * CONFIG_NUMA. */ #include <linux/numa.h> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/mpspec.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> /* Mappings between logical cpu number and node number */ DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU(int, x86_cpu_to_node_map); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS /* * override generic percpu implementation of cpu_to_node */ extern int __cpu_to_node(int cpu); #define cpu_to_node __cpu_to_node extern int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ /* Same function but used if called before per_cpu areas are setup */ static inline int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return early_per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_node_map, cpu); } #endif /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ /* Mappings between node number and cpus on that node. */ extern cpumask_var_t node_to_cpumask_map[MAX_NUMNODES]; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS extern const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node); #else /* Returns a pointer to the cpumask of CPUs on Node 'node'. */ static inline const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node) { return node_to_cpumask_map[node]; } #endif extern void setup_node_to_cpumask_map(void); #define pcibus_to_node(bus) __pcibus_to_node(bus) extern int __node_distance(int, int); #define node_distance(a, b) __node_distance(a, b) #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return 0; } /* * indicate override: */ #define numa_node_id numa_node_id static inline int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return 0; } static inline void setup_node_to_cpumask_map(void) { } #endif #include <asm-generic/topology.h> extern const struct cpumask *cpu_coregroup_mask(int cpu); #define topology_logical_package_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).logical_proc_id) #define topology_physical_package_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).phys_proc_id) #define topology_logical_die_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).logical_die_id) #define topology_die_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).cpu_die_id) #define topology_core_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).cpu_core_id) extern unsigned int __max_die_per_package; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP #define topology_die_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_die_map, cpu)) #define topology_core_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_core_map, cpu)) #define topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_sibling_map, cpu)) extern unsigned int __max_logical_packages; #define topology_max_packages() (__max_logical_packages) static inline int topology_max_die_per_package(void) { return __max_die_per_package; } extern int __max_smt_threads; static inline int topology_max_smt_threads(void) { return __max_smt_threads; } int topology_update_package_map(unsigned int apicid, unsigned int cpu); int topology_update_die_map(unsigned int dieid, unsigned int cpu); int topology_phys_to_logical_pkg(unsigned int pkg); int topology_phys_to_logical_die(unsigned int die, unsigned int cpu); bool topology_is_primary_thread(unsigned int cpu); bool topology_smt_supported(void); #else #define topology_max_packages() (1) static inline int topology_update_package_map(unsigned int apicid, unsigned int cpu) { return 0; } static inline int topology_update_die_map(unsigned int dieid, unsigned int cpu) { return 0; } static inline int topology_phys_to_logical_pkg(unsigned int pkg) { return 0; } static inline int topology_phys_to_logical_die(unsigned int die, unsigned int cpu) { return 0; } static inline int topology_max_die_per_package(void) { return 1; } static inline int topology_max_smt_threads(void) { return 1; } static inline bool topology_is_primary_thread(unsigned int cpu) { return true; } static inline bool topology_smt_supported(void) { return false; } #endif static inline void arch_fix_phys_package_id(int num, u32 slot) { } struct pci_bus; int x86_pci_root_bus_node(int bus); void x86_pci_root_bus_resources(int bus, struct list_head *resources); extern bool x86_topology_update; #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_MC_PRIO #include <asm/percpu.h> DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, sched_core_priority); extern unsigned int __read_mostly sysctl_sched_itmt_enabled; /* Interface to set priority of a cpu */ void sched_set_itmt_core_prio(int prio, int core_cpu); /* Interface to notify scheduler that system supports ITMT */ int sched_set_itmt_support(void); /* Interface to notify scheduler that system revokes ITMT support */ void sched_clear_itmt_support(void); #else /* CONFIG_SCHED_MC_PRIO */ #define sysctl_sched_itmt_enabled 0 static inline void sched_set_itmt_core_prio(int prio, int core_cpu) { } static inline int sched_set_itmt_support(void) { return 0; } static inline void sched_clear_itmt_support(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_MC_PRIO */ #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_X86_64) #include <asm/cpufeature.h> DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(arch_scale_freq_key); #define arch_scale_freq_invariant() static_branch_likely(&arch_scale_freq_key) DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, arch_freq_scale); static inline long arch_scale_freq_capacity(int cpu) { return per_cpu(arch_freq_scale, cpu); } #define arch_scale_freq_capacity arch_scale_freq_capacity extern void arch_scale_freq_tick(void); #define arch_scale_freq_tick arch_scale_freq_tick extern void arch_set_max_freq_ratio(bool turbo_disabled); #else static inline void arch_set_max_freq_ratio(bool turbo_disabled) { } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * async.h: Asynchronous function calls for boot performance * * (C) Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation * Author: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef __ASYNC_H__ #define __ASYNC_H__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/device.h> typedef u64 async_cookie_t; typedef void (*async_func_t) (void *data, async_cookie_t cookie); struct async_domain { struct list_head pending; unsigned registered:1; }; /* * domain participates in global async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 1 } /* * domain is free to go out of scope as soon as all pending work is * complete, this domain does not participate in async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN_EXCLUSIVE(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 0 } async_cookie_t async_schedule_node(async_func_t func, void *data, int node); async_cookie_t async_schedule_node_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, int node, struct async_domain *domain); /** * async_schedule - schedule a function for asynchronous execution * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule(async_func_t func, void *data) { return async_schedule_node(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE); } /** * async_schedule_domain - schedule a function for asynchronous execution within a certain domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE, domain); } /** * async_schedule_dev - A device specific version of async_schedule * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev(async_func_t func, struct device *dev) { return async_schedule_node(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev)); } /** * async_schedule_dev_domain - A device specific version of async_schedule_domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev_domain(async_func_t func, struct device *dev, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev), domain); } void async_unregister_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_full(void); extern void async_synchronize_full_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_cookie(async_cookie_t cookie); extern void async_synchronize_cookie_domain(async_cookie_t cookie, struct async_domain *domain); extern bool current_is_async(void); #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/bitmap.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) */ #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include "ext4.h" unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned int numchars) { return numchars * BITS_PER_BYTE - memweight(bitmap, numchars); } int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz) { __u32 hi; __u32 provided, calculated; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; provided = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo); calculated = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) { hi = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi); provided |= (hi << 16); } else calculated &= 0xFFFF; return provided == calculated; } void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz) { __u32 csum; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo = cpu_to_le16(csum & 0xFFFF); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi = cpu_to_le16(csum >> 16); } int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh) { __u32 hi; __u32 provided, calculated; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int sz = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; provided = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo); calculated = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) { hi = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi); provided |= (hi << 16); } else calculated &= 0xFFFF; if (provided == calculated) return 1; return 0; } void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh) { int sz = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8; __u32 csum; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo = cpu_to_le16(csum & 0xFFFF); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi = cpu_to_le16(csum >> 16); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* internal.h: mm/ internal definitions * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef __MM_INTERNAL_H #define __MM_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> /* * The set of flags that only affect watermark checking and reclaim * behaviour. This is used by the MM to obey the caller constraints * about IO, FS and watermark checking while ignoring placement * hints such as HIGHMEM usage. */ #define GFP_RECLAIM_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS|\ __GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL|__GFP_NOFAIL|\ __GFP_NORETRY|__GFP_MEMALLOC|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|\ __GFP_ATOMIC) /* The GFP flags allowed during early boot */ #define GFP_BOOT_MASK (__GFP_BITS_MASK & ~(__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS)) /* Control allocation cpuset and node placement constraints */ #define GFP_CONSTRAINT_MASK (__GFP_HARDWALL|__GFP_THISNODE) /* Do not use these with a slab allocator */ #define GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK (__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_HIGHMEM|~__GFP_BITS_MASK) void page_writeback_init(void); vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); static inline bool can_madv_lru_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !(vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED|VM_HUGETLB|VM_PFNMAP)); } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details); void do_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_size); void force_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, unsigned long nr); static inline void force_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *file, pgoff_t index, unsigned long nr_to_read) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); force_page_cache_ra(&ractl, &file->f_ra, nr_to_read); } struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); /** * page_evictable - test whether a page is evictable * @page: the page to test * * Test whether page is evictable--i.e., should be placed on active/inactive * lists vs unevictable list. * * Reasons page might not be evictable: * (1) page's mapping marked unevictable * (2) page is part of an mlocked VMA * */ static inline bool page_evictable(struct page *page) { bool ret; /* Prevent address_space of inode and swap cache from being freed */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = !mapping_unevictable(page_mapping(page)) && !PageMlocked(page); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Turn a non-refcounted page (->_refcount == 0) into refcounted with * a count of one. */ static inline void set_page_refcounted(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page), page); set_page_count(page, 1); } extern unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn; /* * Maximum number of reclaim retries without progress before the OOM * killer is consider the only way forward. */ #define MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES 16 /* * in mm/vmscan.c: */ extern int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page); extern void putback_lru_page(struct page *page); /* * in mm/rmap.c: */ extern pmd_t *mm_find_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address); /* * in mm/page_alloc.c */ /* * Structure for holding the mostly immutable allocation parameters passed * between functions involved in allocations, including the alloc_pages* * family of functions. * * nodemask, migratetype and highest_zoneidx are initialized only once in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() and then never change. * * zonelist, preferred_zone and highest_zoneidx are set first in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() for the fast path, and might be later changed * in __alloc_pages_slowpath(). All other functions pass the whole structure * by a const pointer. */ struct alloc_context { struct zonelist *zonelist; nodemask_t *nodemask; struct zoneref *preferred_zoneref; int migratetype; /* * highest_zoneidx represents highest usable zone index of * the allocation request. Due to the nature of the zone, * memory on lower zone than the highest_zoneidx will be * protected by lowmem_reserve[highest_zoneidx]. * * highest_zoneidx is also used by reclaim/compaction to limit * the target zone since higher zone than this index cannot be * usable for this allocation request. */ enum zone_type highest_zoneidx; bool spread_dirty_pages; }; /* * Locate the struct page for both the matching buddy in our * pair (buddy1) and the combined O(n+1) page they form (page). * * 1) Any buddy B1 will have an order O twin B2 which satisfies * the following equation: * B2 = B1 ^ (1 << O) * For example, if the starting buddy (buddy2) is #8 its order * 1 buddy is #10: * B2 = 8 ^ (1 << 1) = 8 ^ 2 = 10 * * 2) Any buddy B will have an order O+1 parent P which * satisfies the following equation: * P = B & ~(1 << O) * * Assumption: *_mem_map is contiguous at least up to MAX_ORDER */ static inline unsigned long __find_buddy_pfn(unsigned long page_pfn, unsigned int order) { return page_pfn ^ (1 << order); } extern struct page *__pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone); static inline struct page *pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone) { if (zone->contiguous) return pfn_to_page(start_pfn); return __pageblock_pfn_to_page(start_pfn, end_pfn, zone); } extern int __isolate_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void __putback_isolated_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int mt); extern void memblock_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn, unsigned int order); extern void __free_pages_core(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void post_alloc_hook(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags); extern int user_min_free_kbytes; extern void zone_pcp_update(struct zone *zone); extern void zone_pcp_reset(struct zone *zone); #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* * in mm/compaction.c */ /* * compact_control is used to track pages being migrated and the free pages * they are being migrated to during memory compaction. The free_pfn starts * at the end of a zone and migrate_pfn begins at the start. Movable pages * are moved to the end of a zone during a compaction run and the run * completes when free_pfn <= migrate_pfn */ struct compact_control { struct list_head freepages; /* List of free pages to migrate to */ struct list_head migratepages; /* List of pages being migrated */ unsigned int nr_freepages; /* Number of isolated free pages */ unsigned int nr_migratepages; /* Number of pages to migrate */ unsigned long free_pfn; /* isolate_freepages search base */ unsigned long migrate_pfn; /* isolate_migratepages search base */ unsigned long fast_start_pfn; /* a pfn to start linear scan from */ struct zone *zone; unsigned long total_migrate_scanned; unsigned long total_free_scanned; unsigned short fast_search_fail;/* failures to use free list searches */ short search_order; /* order to start a fast search at */ const gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask of a direct compactor */ int order; /* order a direct compactor needs */ int migratetype; /* migratetype of direct compactor */ const unsigned int alloc_flags; /* alloc flags of a direct compactor */ const int highest_zoneidx; /* zone index of a direct compactor */ enum migrate_mode mode; /* Async or sync migration mode */ bool ignore_skip_hint; /* Scan blocks even if marked skip */ bool no_set_skip_hint; /* Don't mark blocks for skipping */ bool ignore_block_suitable; /* Scan blocks considered unsuitable */ bool direct_compaction; /* False from kcompactd or /proc/... */ bool proactive_compaction; /* kcompactd proactive compaction */ bool whole_zone; /* Whole zone should/has been scanned */ bool contended; /* Signal lock or sched contention */ bool rescan; /* Rescanning the same pageblock */ bool alloc_contig; /* alloc_contig_range allocation */ }; /* * Used in direct compaction when a page should be taken from the freelists * immediately when one is created during the free path. */ struct capture_control { struct compact_control *cc; struct page *page; }; unsigned long isolate_freepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); unsigned long isolate_migratepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long low_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); int find_suitable_fallback(struct free_area *area, unsigned int order, int migratetype, bool only_stealable, bool *can_steal); #endif /* * This function returns the order of a free page in the buddy system. In * general, page_zone(page)->lock must be held by the caller to prevent the * page from being allocated in parallel and returning garbage as the order. * If a caller does not hold page_zone(page)->lock, it must guarantee that the * page cannot be allocated or merged in parallel. Alternatively, it must * handle invalid values gracefully, and use buddy_order_unsafe() below. */ static inline unsigned int buddy_order(struct page *page) { /* PageBuddy() must be checked by the caller */ return page_private(page); } /* * Like buddy_order(), but for callers who cannot afford to hold the zone lock. * PageBuddy() should be checked first by the caller to minimize race window, * and invalid values must be handled gracefully. * * READ_ONCE is used so that if the caller assigns the result into a local * variable and e.g. tests it for valid range before using, the compiler cannot * decide to remove the variable and inline the page_private(page) multiple * times, potentially observing different values in the tests and the actual * use of the result. */ #define buddy_order_unsafe(page) READ_ONCE(page_private(page)) static inline bool is_cow_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYWRITE)) == VM_MAYWRITE; } /* * These three helpers classifies VMAs for virtual memory accounting. */ /* * Executable code area - executable, not writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_exec_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE | VM_STACK)) == VM_EXEC; } /* * Stack area - atomatically grows in one direction * * VM_GROWSUP / VM_GROWSDOWN VMAs are always private anonymous: * do_mmap() forbids all other combinations. */ static inline bool is_stack_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & VM_STACK) == VM_STACK; } /* * Data area - private, writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_data_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED | VM_STACK)) == VM_WRITE; } /* mm/util.c */ void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev); void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int *nonblocking); extern void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void munlock_vma_pages_all(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { munlock_vma_pages_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); } /* * must be called with vma's mmap_lock held for read or write, and page locked. */ extern void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page); extern unsigned int munlock_vma_page(struct page *page); /* * Clear the page's PageMlocked(). This can be useful in a situation where * we want to unconditionally remove a page from the pagecache -- e.g., * on truncation or freeing. * * It is legal to call this function for any page, mlocked or not. * If called for a page that is still mapped by mlocked vmas, all we do * is revert to lazy LRU behaviour -- semantics are not broken. */ extern void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page); /* * mlock_migrate_page - called only from migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() * (because that does not go through the full procedure of migration ptes): * to migrate the Mlocked page flag; update statistics. */ static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page) { if (TestClearPageMlocked(page)) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); /* Holding pmd lock, no change in irq context: __mod is safe */ __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, -nr_pages); SetPageMlocked(newpage); __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(newpage), NR_MLOCK, nr_pages); } } extern pmd_t maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* * At what user virtual address is page expected in vma? * Returns -EFAULT if all of the page is outside the range of vma. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page); if (pgoff >= vma->vm_pgoff) { address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end) address = -EFAULT; } else if (PageHead(page) && pgoff + compound_nr(page) - 1 >= vma->vm_pgoff) { /* Test above avoids possibility of wrap to 0 on 32-bit */ address = vma->vm_start; } else { address = -EFAULT; } return address; } /* * Then at what user virtual address will none of the page be found in vma? * Assumes that vma_address() already returned a good starting address. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address_end(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page) + compound_nr(page); address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address > vma->vm_end) address = vma->vm_end; return address; } static inline struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct file *fpin) { int flags = vmf->flags; if (fpin) return fpin; /* * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_lock if only * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set, while this is the first attempt. */ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags) && !(flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) { fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file); mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm); } return fpin; } #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */ static inline void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *new, struct page *old) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_MMU */ /* * Return the mem_map entry representing the 'offset' subpage within * the maximally aligned gigantic page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity * in the mem_map at MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES boundaries. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_offset(struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely(offset >= MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) return nth_page(base, offset); return base + offset; } /* * Iterator over all subpages within the maximally aligned gigantic * page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity in the mem_map. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_next(struct page *iter, struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely((offset & (MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES - 1)) == 0)) { unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(base) + offset; if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; return pfn_to_page(pfn); } return iter + 1; } /* Memory initialisation debug and verification */ enum mminit_level { MMINIT_WARNING, MMINIT_VERIFY, MMINIT_TRACE }; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT extern int mminit_loglevel; #define mminit_dprintk(level, prefix, fmt, arg...) \ do { \ if (level < mminit_loglevel) { \ if (level <= MMINIT_WARNING) \ pr_warn("mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ else \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ } \ } while (0) extern void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void); extern void mminit_verify_zonelist(void); #else static inline void mminit_dprintk(enum mminit_level level, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void) { } static inline void mminit_verify_zonelist(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ /* mminit_validate_memmodel_limits is independent of CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) extern void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); #else static inline void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ #define NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN -2 #define NODE_RECLAIM_FULL -1 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SOME 0 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SUCCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *, gfp_t, unsigned int); #else static inline int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t mask, unsigned int order) { return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; } #endif extern int hwpoison_filter(struct page *p); extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_major; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_minor; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_mask; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_value; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_memcg; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_enable; extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void set_pageblock_order(void); unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone, struct list_head *page_list); /* The ALLOC_WMARK bits are used as an index to zone->watermark */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MIN WMARK_MIN #define ALLOC_WMARK_LOW WMARK_LOW #define ALLOC_WMARK_HIGH WMARK_HIGH #define ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS 0x04 /* don't check watermarks at all */ /* Mask to get the watermark bits */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MASK (ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS-1) /* * Only MMU archs have async oom victim reclaim - aka oom_reaper so we * cannot assume a reduced access to memory reserves is sufficient for * !MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define ALLOC_OOM 0x08 #else #define ALLOC_OOM ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS #endif #define ALLOC_HARDER 0x10 /* try to alloc harder */ #define ALLOC_HIGH 0x20 /* __GFP_HIGH set */ #define ALLOC_CPUSET 0x40 /* check for correct cpuset */ #define ALLOC_CMA 0x80 /* allow allocations from CMA areas */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x100 /* avoid mixing pageblock types */ #else #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x0 #endif #define ALLOC_KSWAPD 0x800 /* allow waking of kswapd, __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM set */ enum ttu_flags; struct tlbflush_unmap_batch; /* * only for MM internal work items which do not depend on * any allocations or locks which might depend on allocations */ extern struct workqueue_struct *mm_percpu_wq; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH void try_to_unmap_flush(void); void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void); void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void try_to_unmap_flush(void) { } static inline void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void) { } static inline void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH */ extern const struct trace_print_flags pageflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags vmaflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags gfpflag_names[]; static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic(enum migratetype migratetype) { return migratetype == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic_page(struct page *page) { return get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } void setup_zone_pageset(struct zone *zone); struct migration_target_control { int nid; /* preferred node id */ nodemask_t *nmask; gfp_t gfp_mask; }; #endif /* __MM_INTERNAL_H */
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1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/pipe.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1999 Linus Torvalds */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/pseudo_fs.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/pipe_fs_i.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/watch_queue.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/ioctls.h> #include "internal.h" /* * New pipe buffers will be restricted to this size while the user is exceeding * their pipe buffer quota. The general pipe use case needs at least two * buffers: one for data yet to be read, and one for new data. If this is less * than two, then a write to a non-empty pipe may block even if the pipe is not * full. This can occur with GNU make jobserver or similar uses of pipes as * semaphores: multiple processes may be waiting to write tokens back to the * pipe before reading tokens: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1628086770.5rn8p04n6j.none@localhost/. * * Users can reduce their pipe buffers with F_SETPIPE_SZ below this at their * own risk, namely: pipe writes to non-full pipes may block until the pipe is * emptied. */ #define PIPE_MIN_DEF_BUFFERS 2 /* * The max size that a non-root user is allowed to grow the pipe. Can * be set by root in /proc/sys/fs/pipe-max-size */ unsigned int pipe_max_size = 1048576; /* Maximum allocatable pages per user. Hard limit is unset by default, soft * matches default values. */ unsigned long pipe_user_pages_hard; unsigned long pipe_user_pages_soft = PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS * INR_OPEN_CUR; /* * We use head and tail indices that aren't masked off, except at the point of * dereference, but rather they're allowed to wrap naturally. This means there * isn't a dead spot in the buffer, but the ring has to be a power of two and * <= 2^31. * -- David Howells 2019-09-23. * * Reads with count = 0 should always return 0. * -- Julian Bradfield 1999-06-07. * * FIFOs and Pipes now generate SIGIO for both readers and writers. * -- Jeremy Elson <jelson@circlemud.org> 2001-08-16 * * pipe_read & write cleanup * -- Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> 2002-05-09 */ static void pipe_lock_nested(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, int subclass) { if (pipe->files) mutex_lock_nested(&pipe->mutex, subclass); } void pipe_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { /* * pipe_lock() nests non-pipe inode locks (for writing to a file) */ pipe_lock_nested(pipe, I_MUTEX_PARENT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pipe_lock); void pipe_unlock(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { if (pipe->files) mutex_unlock(&pipe->mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pipe_unlock); static inline void __pipe_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { mutex_lock_nested(&pipe->mutex, I_MUTEX_PARENT); } static inline void __pipe_unlock(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { mutex_unlock(&pipe->mutex); } void pipe_double_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe1, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe2) { BUG_ON(pipe1 == pipe2); if (pipe1 < pipe2) { pipe_lock_nested(pipe1, I_MUTEX_PARENT); pipe_lock_nested(pipe2, I_MUTEX_CHILD); } else { pipe_lock_nested(pipe2, I_MUTEX_PARENT); pipe_lock_nested(pipe1, I_MUTEX_CHILD); } } static void anon_pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { struct page *page = buf->page; /* * If nobody else uses this page, and we don't already have a * temporary page, let's keep track of it as a one-deep * allocation cache. (Otherwise just release our reference to it) */ if (page_count(page) == 1 && !pipe->tmp_page) pipe->tmp_page = page; else put_page(page); } static bool anon_pipe_buf_try_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { struct page *page = buf->page; if (page_count(page) != 1) return false; memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(page, 0); __SetPageLocked(page); return true; } /** * generic_pipe_buf_try_steal - attempt to take ownership of a &pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to attempt to steal * * Description: * This function attempts to steal the &struct page attached to * @buf. If successful, this function returns 0 and returns with * the page locked. The caller may then reuse the page for whatever * he wishes; the typical use is insertion into a different file * page cache. */ bool generic_pipe_buf_try_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { struct page *page = buf->page; /* * A reference of one is golden, that means that the owner of this * page is the only one holding a reference to it. lock the page * and return OK. */ if (page_count(page) == 1) { lock_page(page); return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_pipe_buf_try_steal); /** * generic_pipe_buf_get - get a reference to a &struct pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to get a reference to * * Description: * This function grabs an extra reference to @buf. It's used in * in the tee() system call, when we duplicate the buffers in one * pipe into another. */ bool generic_pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { return try_get_page(buf->page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_pipe_buf_get); /** * generic_pipe_buf_release - put a reference to a &struct pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to put a reference to * * Description: * This function releases a reference to @buf. */ void generic_pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { put_page(buf->page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_pipe_buf_release); static const struct pipe_buf_operations anon_pipe_buf_ops = { .release = anon_pipe_buf_release, .try_steal = anon_pipe_buf_try_steal, .get = generic_pipe_buf_get, }; /* Done while waiting without holding the pipe lock - thus the READ_ONCE() */ static inline bool pipe_readable(const struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { unsigned int head = READ_ONCE(pipe->head); unsigned int tail = READ_ONCE(pipe->tail); unsigned int writers = READ_ONCE(pipe->writers); return !pipe_empty(head, tail) || !writers; } static ssize_t pipe_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to) { size_t total_len = iov_iter_count(to); struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp; struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = filp->private_data; bool was_full, wake_next_reader = false; ssize_t ret; /* Null read succeeds. */ if (unlikely(total_len == 0)) return 0; ret = 0; __pipe_lock(pipe); /* * We only wake up writers if the pipe was full when we started * reading in order to avoid unnecessary wakeups. * * But when we do wake up writers, we do so using a sync wakeup * (WF_SYNC), because we want them to get going and generate more * data for us. */ was_full = pipe_full(pipe->head, pipe->tail, pipe->max_usage); for (;;) { unsigned int head = pipe->head; unsigned int tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE if (pipe->note_loss) { struct watch_notification n; if (total_len < 8) { if (ret == 0) ret = -ENOBUFS; break; } n.type = WATCH_TYPE_META; n.subtype = WATCH_META_LOSS_NOTIFICATION; n.info = watch_sizeof(n); if (copy_to_iter(&n, sizeof(n), to) != sizeof(n)) { if (ret == 0) ret = -EFAULT; break; } ret += sizeof(n); total_len -= sizeof(n); pipe->note_loss = false; } #endif if (!pipe_empty(head, tail)) { struct pipe_buffer *buf = &pipe->bufs[tail & mask]; size_t chars = buf->len; size_t written; int error; if (chars > total_len) { if (buf->flags & PIPE_BUF_FLAG_WHOLE) { if (ret == 0) ret = -ENOBUFS; break; } chars = total_len; } error = pipe_buf_confirm(pipe, buf); if (error) { if (!ret) ret = error; break; } written = copy_page_to_iter(buf->page, buf->offset, chars, to); if (unlikely(written < chars)) { if (!ret) ret = -EFAULT; break; } ret += chars; buf->offset += chars; buf->len -= chars; /* Was it a packet buffer? Clean up and exit */ if (buf->flags & PIPE_BUF_FLAG_PACKET) { total_len = chars; buf->len = 0; } if (!buf->len) { pipe_buf_release(pipe, buf); spin_lock_irq(&pipe->rd_wait.lock); #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE if (buf->flags & PIPE_BUF_FLAG_LOSS) pipe->note_loss = true; #endif tail++; pipe->tail = tail; spin_unlock_irq(&pipe->rd_wait.lock); } total_len -= chars; if (!total_len) break; /* common path: read succeeded */ if (!pipe_empty(head, tail)) /* More to do? */ continue; } if (!pipe->writers) break; if (ret) break; if (filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) { ret = -EAGAIN; break; } __pipe_unlock(pipe); /* * We only get here if we didn't actually read anything. * * However, we could have seen (and removed) a zero-sized * pipe buffer, and might have made space in the buffers * that way. * * You can't make zero-sized pipe buffers by doing an empty * write (not even in packet mode), but they can happen if * the writer gets an EFAULT when trying to fill a buffer * that already got allocated and inserted in the buffer * array. * * So we still need to wake up any pending writers in the * _very_ unlikely case that the pipe was full, but we got * no data. */ if (unlikely(was_full)) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&pipe->wr_wait, EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM); kill_fasync(&pipe->fasync_writers, SIGIO, POLL_OUT); /* * But because we didn't read anything, at this point we can * just return directly with -ERESTARTSYS if we're interrupted, * since we've done any required wakeups and there's no need * to mark anything accessed. And we've dropped the lock. */ if (wait_event_interruptible_exclusive(pipe->rd_wait, pipe_readable(pipe)) < 0) return -ERESTARTSYS; __pipe_lock(pipe); was_full = pipe_full(pipe->head, pipe->tail, pipe->max_usage); wake_next_reader = true; } if (pipe_empty(pipe->head, pipe->tail)) wake_next_reader = false; __pipe_unlock(pipe); if (was_full) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&pipe->wr_wait, EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM); if (wake_next_reader) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&pipe->rd_wait, EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM); kill_fasync(&pipe->fasync_writers, SIGIO, POLL_OUT); if (ret > 0) file_accessed(filp); return ret; } static inline int is_packetized(struct file *file) { return (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) != 0; } /* Done while waiting without holding the pipe lock - thus the READ_ONCE() */ static inline bool pipe_writable(const struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { unsigned int head = READ_ONCE(pipe->head); unsigned int tail = READ_ONCE(pipe->tail); unsigned int max_usage = READ_ONCE(pipe->max_usage); return !pipe_full(head, tail, max_usage) || !READ_ONCE(pipe->readers); } static ssize_t pipe_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp; struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = filp->private_data; unsigned int head; ssize_t ret = 0; size_t total_len = iov_iter_count(from); ssize_t chars; bool was_empty = false; bool wake_next_writer = false; /* Null write succeeds. */ if (unlikely(total_len == 0)) return 0; __pipe_lock(pipe); if (!pipe->readers) { send_sig(SIGPIPE, current, 0); ret = -EPIPE; goto out; } #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE if (pipe->watch_queue) { ret = -EXDEV; goto out; } #endif /* * If it wasn't empty we try to merge new data into * the last buffer. * * That naturally merges small writes, but it also * page-aligns the rest of the writes for large writes * spanning multiple pages. */ head = pipe->head; was_empty = pipe_empty(head, pipe->tail); chars = total_len & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (chars && !was_empty) { unsigned int mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; struct pipe_buffer *buf = &pipe->bufs[(head - 1) & mask]; int offset = buf->offset + buf->len; if ((buf->flags & PIPE_BUF_FLAG_CAN_MERGE) && offset + chars <= PAGE_SIZE) { ret = pipe_buf_confirm(pipe, buf); if (ret) goto out; ret = copy_page_from_iter(buf->page, offset, chars, from); if (unlikely(ret < chars)) { ret = -EFAULT; goto out; } buf->len += ret; if (!iov_iter_count(from)) goto out; } } for (;;) { if (!pipe->readers) { send_sig(SIGPIPE, current, 0); if (!ret) ret = -EPIPE; break; } head = pipe->head; if (!pipe_full(head, pipe->tail, pipe->max_usage)) { unsigned int mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; struct pipe_buffer *buf = &pipe->bufs[head & mask]; struct page *page = pipe->tmp_page; int copied; if (!page) { page = alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_ACCOUNT); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = ret ? : -ENOMEM; break; } pipe->tmp_page = page; } /* Allocate a slot in the ring in advance and attach an * empty buffer. If we fault or otherwise fail to use * it, either the reader will consume it or it'll still * be there for the next write. */ spin_lock_irq(&pipe->rd_wait.lock); head = pipe->head; if (pipe_full(head, pipe->tail, pipe->max_usage)) { spin_unlock_irq(&pipe->rd_wait.lock); continue; } pipe->head = head + 1; spin_unlock_irq(&pipe->rd_wait.lock); /* Insert it into the buffer array */ buf = &pipe->bufs[head & mask]; buf->page = page; buf->ops = &anon_pipe_buf_ops; buf->offset = 0; buf->len = 0; if (is_packetized(filp)) buf->flags = PIPE_BUF_FLAG_PACKET; else buf->flags = PIPE_BUF_FLAG_CAN_MERGE; pipe->tmp_page = NULL; copied = copy_page_from_iter(page, 0, PAGE_SIZE, from); if (unlikely(copied < PAGE_SIZE && iov_iter_count(from))) { if (!ret) ret = -EFAULT; break; } ret += copied; buf->offset = 0; buf->len = copied; if (!iov_iter_count(from)) break; } if (!pipe_full(head, pipe->tail, pipe->max_usage)) continue; /* Wait for buffer space to become available. */ if (filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) { if (!ret) ret = -EAGAIN; break; } if (signal_pending(current)) { if (!ret) ret = -ERESTARTSYS; break; } /* * We're going to release the pipe lock and wait for more * space. We wake up any readers if necessary, and then * after waiting we need to re-check whether the pipe * become empty while we dropped the lock. */ __pipe_unlock(pipe); if (was_empty) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&pipe->rd_wait, EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM); kill_fasync(&pipe->fasync_readers, SIGIO, POLL_IN); wait_event_interruptible_exclusive(pipe->wr_wait, pipe_writable(pipe)); __pipe_lock(pipe); was_empty = pipe_empty(pipe->head, pipe->tail); wake_next_writer = true; } out: if (pipe_full(pipe->head, pipe->tail, pipe->max_usage)) wake_next_writer = false; __pipe_unlock(pipe); /* * If we do do a wakeup event, we do a 'sync' wakeup, because we * want the reader to start processing things asap, rather than * leave the data pending. * * This is particularly important for small writes, because of * how (for example) the GNU make jobserver uses small writes to * wake up pending jobs * * Epoll nonsensically wants a wakeup whether the pipe * was already empty or not. */ if (was_empty || pipe->poll_usage) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&pipe->rd_wait, EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM); kill_fasync(&pipe->fasync_readers, SIGIO, POLL_IN); if (wake_next_writer) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&pipe->wr_wait, EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM); if (ret > 0 && sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(filp)->i_sb)) { int err = file_update_time(filp); if (err) ret = err; sb_end_write(file_inode(filp)->i_sb); } return ret; } static long pipe_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = filp->private_data; int count, head, tail, mask; switch (cmd) { case FIONREAD: __pipe_lock(pipe); count = 0; head = pipe->head; tail = pipe->tail; mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; while (tail != head) { count += pipe->bufs[tail & mask].len; tail++; } __pipe_unlock(pipe); return put_user(count, (int __user *)arg); #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE case IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_SIZE: { int ret; __pipe_lock(pipe); ret = watch_queue_set_size(pipe, arg); __pipe_unlock(pipe); return ret; } case IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_FILTER: return watch_queue_set_filter( pipe, (struct watch_notification_filter __user *)arg); #endif default: return -ENOIOCTLCMD; } } /* No kernel lock held - fine */ static __poll_t pipe_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *wait) { __poll_t mask; struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = filp->private_data; unsigned int head, tail; /* Epoll has some historical nasty semantics, this enables them */ pipe->poll_usage = 1; /* * Reading pipe state only -- no need for acquiring the semaphore. * * But because this is racy, the code has to add the * entry to the poll table _first_ .. */ if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_READ) poll_wait(filp, &pipe->rd_wait, wait); if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) poll_wait(filp, &pipe->wr_wait, wait); /* * .. and only then can you do the racy tests. That way, * if something changes and you got it wrong, the poll * table entry will wake you up and fix it. */ head = READ_ONCE(pipe->head); tail = READ_ONCE(pipe->tail); mask = 0; if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_READ) { if (!pipe_empty(head, tail)) mask |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; if (!pipe->writers && filp->f_version != pipe->w_counter) mask |= EPOLLHUP; } if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) { if (!pipe_full(head, tail, pipe->max_usage)) mask |= EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM; /* * Most Unices do not set EPOLLERR for FIFOs but on Linux they * behave exactly like pipes for poll(). */ if (!pipe->readers) mask |= EPOLLERR; } return mask; } static void put_pipe_info(struct inode *inode, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { int kill = 0; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (!--pipe->files) { inode->i_pipe = NULL; kill = 1; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (kill) free_pipe_info(pipe); } static int pipe_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = file->private_data; __pipe_lock(pipe); if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) pipe->readers--; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) pipe->writers--; /* Was that the last reader or writer, but not the other side? */ if (!pipe->readers != !pipe->writers) { wake_up_interruptible_all(&pipe->rd_wait); wake_up_interruptible_all(&pipe->wr_wait); kill_fasync(&pipe->fasync_readers, SIGIO, POLL_IN); kill_fasync(&pipe->fasync_writers, SIGIO, POLL_OUT); } __pipe_unlock(pipe); put_pipe_info(inode, pipe); return 0; } static int pipe_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = filp->private_data; int retval = 0; __pipe_lock(pipe); if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_READ) retval = fasync_helper(fd, filp, on, &pipe->fasync_readers); if ((filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && retval >= 0) { retval = fasync_helper(fd, filp, on, &pipe->fasync_writers); if (retval < 0 && (filp->f_mode & FMODE_READ)) /* this can happen only if on == T */ fasync_helper(-1, filp, 0, &pipe->fasync_readers); } __pipe_unlock(pipe); return retval; } unsigned long account_pipe_buffers(struct user_struct *user, unsigned long old, unsigned long new) { return atomic_long_add_return(new - old, &user->pipe_bufs); } bool too_many_pipe_buffers_soft(unsigned long user_bufs) { unsigned long soft_limit = READ_ONCE(pipe_user_pages_soft); return soft_limit && user_bufs > soft_limit; } bool too_many_pipe_buffers_hard(unsigned long user_bufs) { unsigned long hard_limit = READ_ONCE(pipe_user_pages_hard); return hard_limit && user_bufs > hard_limit; } bool pipe_is_unprivileged_user(void) { return !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } struct pipe_inode_info *alloc_pipe_info(void) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe; unsigned long pipe_bufs = PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS; struct user_struct *user = get_current_user(); unsigned long user_bufs; unsigned int max_size = READ_ONCE(pipe_max_size); pipe = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pipe_inode_info), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (pipe == NULL) goto out_free_uid; if (pipe_bufs * PAGE_SIZE > max_size && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) pipe_bufs = max_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; user_bufs = account_pipe_buffers(user, 0, pipe_bufs); if (too_many_pipe_buffers_soft(user_bufs) && pipe_is_unprivileged_user()) { user_bufs = account_pipe_buffers(user, pipe_bufs, PIPE_MIN_DEF_BUFFERS); pipe_bufs = PIPE_MIN_DEF_BUFFERS; } if (too_many_pipe_buffers_hard(user_bufs) && pipe_is_unprivileged_user()) goto out_revert_acct; pipe->bufs = kcalloc(pipe_bufs, sizeof(struct pipe_buffer), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (pipe->bufs) { init_waitqueue_head(&pipe->rd_wait); init_waitqueue_head(&pipe->wr_wait); pipe->r_counter = pipe->w_counter = 1; pipe->max_usage = pipe_bufs; pipe->ring_size = pipe_bufs; pipe->nr_accounted = pipe_bufs; pipe->user = user; mutex_init(&pipe->mutex); return pipe; } out_revert_acct: (void) account_pipe_buffers(user, pipe_bufs, 0); kfree(pipe); out_free_uid: free_uid(user); return NULL; } void free_pipe_info(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { int i; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE if (pipe->watch_queue) { watch_queue_clear(pipe->watch_queue); put_watch_queue(pipe->watch_queue); } #endif (void) account_pipe_buffers(pipe->user, pipe->nr_accounted, 0); free_uid(pipe->user); for (i = 0; i < pipe->ring_size; i++) { struct pipe_buffer *buf = pipe->bufs + i; if (buf->ops) pipe_buf_release(pipe, buf); } if (pipe->tmp_page) __free_page(pipe->tmp_page); kfree(pipe->bufs); kfree(pipe); } static struct vfsmount *pipe_mnt __read_mostly; /* * pipefs_dname() is called from d_path(). */ static char *pipefs_dname(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, int buflen) { return dynamic_dname(dentry, buffer, buflen, "pipe:[%lu]", d_inode(dentry)->i_ino); } static const struct dentry_operations pipefs_dentry_operations = { .d_dname = pipefs_dname, }; static struct inode * get_pipe_inode(void) { struct inode *inode = new_inode_pseudo(pipe_mnt->mnt_sb); struct pipe_inode_info *pipe; if (!inode) goto fail_inode; inode->i_ino = get_next_ino(); pipe = alloc_pipe_info(); if (!pipe) goto fail_iput; inode->i_pipe = pipe; pipe->files = 2; pipe->readers = pipe->writers = 1; inode->i_fop = &pipefifo_fops; /* * Mark the inode dirty from the very beginning, * that way it will never be moved to the dirty * list because "mark_inode_dirty()" will think * that it already _is_ on the dirty list. */ inode->i_state = I_DIRTY; inode->i_mode = S_IFIFO | S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR; inode->i_uid = current_fsuid(); inode->i_gid = current_fsgid(); inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); return inode; fail_iput: iput(inode); fail_inode: return NULL; } int create_pipe_files(struct file **res, int flags) { struct inode *inode = get_pipe_inode(); struct file *f; int error; if (!inode) return -ENFILE; if (flags & O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE) { error = watch_queue_init(inode->i_pipe); if (error) { free_pipe_info(inode->i_pipe); iput(inode); return error; } } f = alloc_file_pseudo(inode, pipe_mnt, "", O_WRONLY | (flags & (O_NONBLOCK | O_DIRECT)), &pipefifo_fops); if (IS_ERR(f)) { free_pipe_info(inode->i_pipe); iput(inode); return PTR_ERR(f); } f->private_data = inode->i_pipe; res[0] = alloc_file_clone(f, O_RDONLY | (flags & O_NONBLOCK), &pipefifo_fops); if (IS_ERR(res[0])) { put_pipe_info(inode, inode->i_pipe); fput(f); return PTR_ERR(res[0]); } res[0]->private_data = inode->i_pipe; res[1] = f; stream_open(inode, res[0]); stream_open(inode, res[1]); return 0; } static int __do_pipe_flags(int *fd, struct file **files, int flags) { int error; int fdw, fdr; if (flags & ~(O_CLOEXEC | O_NONBLOCK | O_DIRECT | O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE)) return -EINVAL; error = create_pipe_files(files, flags); if (error) return error; error = get_unused_fd_flags(flags); if (error < 0) goto err_read_pipe; fdr = error; error = get_unused_fd_flags(flags); if (error < 0) goto err_fdr; fdw = error; audit_fd_pair(fdr, fdw); fd[0] = fdr; fd[1] = fdw; return 0; err_fdr: put_unused_fd(fdr); err_read_pipe: fput(files[0]); fput(files[1]); return error; } int do_pipe_flags(int *fd, int flags) { struct file *files[2]; int error = __do_pipe_flags(fd, files, flags); if (!error) { fd_install(fd[0], files[0]); fd_install(fd[1], files[1]); } return error; } /* * sys_pipe() is the normal C calling standard for creating * a pipe. It's not the way Unix traditionally does this, though. */ static int do_pipe2(int __user *fildes, int flags) { struct file *files[2]; int fd[2]; int error; error = __do_pipe_flags(fd, files, flags); if (!error) { if (unlikely(copy_to_user(fildes, fd, sizeof(fd)))) { fput(files[0]); fput(files[1]); put_unused_fd(fd[0]); put_unused_fd(fd[1]); error = -EFAULT; } else { fd_install(fd[0], files[0]); fd_install(fd[1], files[1]); } } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pipe2, int __user *, fildes, int, flags) { return do_pipe2(fildes, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(pipe, int __user *, fildes) { return do_pipe2(fildes, 0); } /* * This is the stupid "wait for pipe to be readable or writable" * model. * * See pipe_read/write() for the proper kind of exclusive wait, * but that requires that we wake up any other readers/writers * if we then do not end up reading everything (ie the whole * "wake_next_reader/writer" logic in pipe_read/write()). */ void pipe_wait_readable(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { pipe_unlock(pipe); wait_event_interruptible(pipe->rd_wait, pipe_readable(pipe)); pipe_lock(pipe); } void pipe_wait_writable(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { pipe_unlock(pipe); wait_event_interruptible(pipe->wr_wait, pipe_writable(pipe)); pipe_lock(pipe); } /* * This depends on both the wait (here) and the wakeup (wake_up_partner) * holding the pipe lock, so "*cnt" is stable and we know a wakeup cannot * race with the count check and waitqueue prep. * * Normally in order to avoid races, you'd do the prepare_to_wait() first, * then check the condition you're waiting for, and only then sleep. But * because of the pipe lock, we can check the condition before being on * the wait queue. * * We use the 'rd_wait' waitqueue for pipe partner waiting. */ static int wait_for_partner(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int *cnt) { DEFINE_WAIT(rdwait); int cur = *cnt; while (cur == *cnt) { prepare_to_wait(&pipe->rd_wait, &rdwait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); pipe_unlock(pipe); schedule(); finish_wait(&pipe->rd_wait, &rdwait); pipe_lock(pipe); if (signal_pending(current)) break; } return cur == *cnt ? -ERESTARTSYS : 0; } static void wake_up_partner(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { wake_up_interruptible_all(&pipe->rd_wait); } static int fifo_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe; bool is_pipe = inode->i_sb->s_magic == PIPEFS_MAGIC; int ret; filp->f_version = 0; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (inode->i_pipe) { pipe = inode->i_pipe; pipe->files++; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } else { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); pipe = alloc_pipe_info(); if (!pipe) return -ENOMEM; pipe->files = 1; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (unlikely(inode->i_pipe)) { inode->i_pipe->files++; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); free_pipe_info(pipe); pipe = inode->i_pipe; } else { inode->i_pipe = pipe; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } filp->private_data = pipe; /* OK, we have a pipe and it's pinned down */ __pipe_lock(pipe); /* We can only do regular read/write on fifos */ stream_open(inode, filp); switch (filp->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) { case FMODE_READ: /* * O_RDONLY * POSIX.1 says that O_NONBLOCK means return with the FIFO * opened, even when there is no process writing the FIFO. */ pipe->r_counter++; if (pipe->readers++ == 0) wake_up_partner(pipe); if (!is_pipe && !pipe->writers) { if ((filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)) { /* suppress EPOLLHUP until we have * seen a writer */ filp->f_version = pipe->w_counter; } else { if (wait_for_partner(pipe, &pipe->w_counter)) goto err_rd; } } break; case FMODE_WRITE: /* * O_WRONLY * POSIX.1 says that O_NONBLOCK means return -1 with * errno=ENXIO when there is no process reading the FIFO. */ ret = -ENXIO; if (!is_pipe && (filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) && !pipe->readers) goto err; pipe->w_counter++; if (!pipe->writers++) wake_up_partner(pipe); if (!is_pipe && !pipe->readers) { if (wait_for_partner(pipe, &pipe->r_counter)) goto err_wr; } break; case FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE: /* * O_RDWR * POSIX.1 leaves this case "undefined" when O_NONBLOCK is set. * This implementation will NEVER block on a O_RDWR open, since * the process can at least talk to itself. */ pipe->readers++; pipe->writers++; pipe->r_counter++; pipe->w_counter++; if (pipe->readers == 1 || pipe->writers == 1) wake_up_partner(pipe); break; default: ret = -EINVAL; goto err; } /* Ok! */ __pipe_unlock(pipe); return 0; err_rd: if (!--pipe->readers) wake_up_interruptible(&pipe->wr_wait); ret = -ERESTARTSYS; goto err; err_wr: if (!--pipe->writers) wake_up_interruptible_all(&pipe->rd_wait); ret = -ERESTARTSYS; goto err; err: __pipe_unlock(pipe); put_pipe_info(inode, pipe); return ret; } const struct file_operations pipefifo_fops = { .open = fifo_open, .llseek = no_llseek, .read_iter = pipe_read, .write_iter = pipe_write, .poll = pipe_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = pipe_ioctl, .release = pipe_release, .fasync = pipe_fasync, .splice_write = iter_file_splice_write, }; /* * Currently we rely on the pipe array holding a power-of-2 number * of pages. Returns 0 on error. */ unsigned int round_pipe_size(unsigned long size) { if (size > (1U << 31)) return 0; /* Minimum pipe size, as required by POSIX */ if (size < PAGE_SIZE) return PAGE_SIZE; return roundup_pow_of_two(size); } /* * Resize the pipe ring to a number of slots. */ int pipe_resize_ring(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int nr_slots) { struct pipe_buffer *bufs; unsigned int head, tail, mask, n; /* * We can shrink the pipe, if arg is greater than the ring occupancy. * Since we don't expect a lot of shrink+grow operations, just free and * allocate again like we would do for growing. If the pipe currently * contains more buffers than arg, then return busy. */ mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; head = pipe->head; tail = pipe->tail; n = pipe_occupancy(pipe->head, pipe->tail); if (nr_slots < n) return -EBUSY; bufs = kcalloc(nr_slots, sizeof(*bufs), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (unlikely(!bufs)) return -ENOMEM; /* * The pipe array wraps around, so just start the new one at zero * and adjust the indices. */ if (n > 0) { unsigned int h = head & mask; unsigned int t = tail & mask; if (h > t) { memcpy(bufs, pipe->bufs + t, n * sizeof(struct pipe_buffer)); } else { unsigned int tsize = pipe->ring_size - t; if (h > 0) memcpy(bufs + tsize, pipe->bufs, h * sizeof(struct pipe_buffer)); memcpy(bufs, pipe->bufs + t, tsize * sizeof(struct pipe_buffer)); } } head = n; tail = 0; kfree(pipe->bufs); pipe->bufs = bufs; pipe->ring_size = nr_slots; if (pipe->max_usage > nr_slots) pipe->max_usage = nr_slots; pipe->tail = tail; pipe->head = head; /* This might have made more room for writers */ wake_up_interruptible(&pipe->wr_wait); return 0; } /* * Allocate a new array of pipe buffers and copy the info over. Returns the * pipe size if successful, or return -ERROR on error. */ static long pipe_set_size(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned long arg) { unsigned long user_bufs; unsigned int nr_slots, size; long ret = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE if (pipe->watch_queue) return -EBUSY; #endif size = round_pipe_size(arg); nr_slots = size >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (!nr_slots) return -EINVAL; /* * If trying to increase the pipe capacity, check that an * unprivileged user is not trying to exceed various limits * (soft limit check here, hard limit check just below). * Decreasing the pipe capacity is always permitted, even * if the user is currently over a limit. */ if (nr_slots > pipe->max_usage && size > pipe_max_size && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) return -EPERM; user_bufs = account_pipe_buffers(pipe->user, pipe->nr_accounted, nr_slots); if (nr_slots > pipe->max_usage && (too_many_pipe_buffers_hard(user_bufs) || too_many_pipe_buffers_soft(user_bufs)) && pipe_is_unprivileged_user()) { ret = -EPERM; goto out_revert_acct; } ret = pipe_resize_ring(pipe, nr_slots); if (ret < 0) goto out_revert_acct; pipe->max_usage = nr_slots; pipe->nr_accounted = nr_slots; return pipe->max_usage * PAGE_SIZE; out_revert_acct: (void) account_pipe_buffers(pipe->user, nr_slots, pipe->nr_accounted); return ret; } /* * After the inode slimming patch, i_pipe/i_bdev/i_cdev share the same * location, so checking ->i_pipe is not enough to verify that this is a * pipe. */ struct pipe_inode_info *get_pipe_info(struct file *file, bool for_splice) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = file->private_data; if (file->f_op != &pipefifo_fops || !pipe) return NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE if (for_splice && pipe->watch_queue) return NULL; #endif return pipe; } long pipe_fcntl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe; long ret; pipe = get_pipe_info(file, false); if (!pipe) return -EBADF; __pipe_lock(pipe); switch (cmd) { case F_SETPIPE_SZ: ret = pipe_set_size(pipe, arg); break; case F_GETPIPE_SZ: ret = pipe->max_usage * PAGE_SIZE; break; default: ret = -EINVAL; break; } __pipe_unlock(pipe); return ret; } static const struct super_operations pipefs_ops = { .destroy_inode = free_inode_nonrcu, .statfs = simple_statfs, }; /* * pipefs should _never_ be mounted by userland - too much of security hassle, * no real gain from having the whole whorehouse mounted. So we don't need * any operations on the root directory. However, we need a non-trivial * d_name - pipe: will go nicely and kill the special-casing in procfs. */ static int pipefs_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { struct pseudo_fs_context *ctx = init_pseudo(fc, PIPEFS_MAGIC); if (!ctx) return -ENOMEM; ctx->ops = &pipefs_ops; ctx->dops = &pipefs_dentry_operations; return 0; } static struct file_system_type pipe_fs_type = { .name = "pipefs", .init_fs_context = pipefs_init_fs_context, .kill_sb = kill_anon_super, }; static int __init init_pipe_fs(void) { int err = register_filesystem(&pipe_fs_type); if (!err) { pipe_mnt = kern_mount(&pipe_fs_type); if (IS_ERR(pipe_mnt)) { err = PTR_ERR(pipe_mnt); unregister_filesystem(&pipe_fs_type); } } return err; } fs_initcall(init_pipe_fs);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_CPUMASK_H #define __LINUX_CPUMASK_H /* * Cpumasks provide a bitmap suitable for representing the * set of CPU's in a system, one bit position per CPU number. In general, * only nr_cpu_ids (<= NR_CPUS) bits are valid. */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* Don't assign or return these: may not be this big! */ typedef struct cpumask { DECLARE_BITMAP(bits, NR_CPUS); } cpumask_t; /** * cpumask_bits - get the bits in a cpumask * @maskp: the struct cpumask * * * You should only assume nr_cpu_ids bits of this mask are valid. This is * a macro so it's const-correct. */ #define cpumask_bits(maskp) ((maskp)->bits) /** * cpumask_pr_args - printf args to output a cpumask * @maskp: cpumask to be printed * * Can be used to provide arguments for '%*pb[l]' when printing a cpumask. */ #define cpumask_pr_args(maskp) nr_cpu_ids, cpumask_bits(maskp) #if NR_CPUS == 1 #define nr_cpu_ids 1U #else extern unsigned int nr_cpu_ids; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK /* Assuming NR_CPUS is huge, a runtime limit is more efficient. Also, * not all bits may be allocated. */ #define nr_cpumask_bits nr_cpu_ids #else #define nr_cpumask_bits ((unsigned int)NR_CPUS) #endif /* * The following particular system cpumasks and operations manage * possible, present, active and online cpus. * * cpu_possible_mask- has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu is populatable * cpu_present_mask - has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu is populated * cpu_online_mask - has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu available to scheduler * cpu_active_mask - has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu available to migration * * If !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU, present == possible, and active == online. * * The cpu_possible_mask is fixed at boot time, as the set of CPU id's * that it is possible might ever be plugged in at anytime during the * life of that system boot. The cpu_present_mask is dynamic(*), * representing which CPUs are currently plugged in. And * cpu_online_mask is the dynamic subset of cpu_present_mask, * indicating those CPUs available for scheduling. * * If HOTPLUG is enabled, then cpu_possible_mask is forced to have * all NR_CPUS bits set, otherwise it is just the set of CPUs that * ACPI reports present at boot. * * If HOTPLUG is enabled, then cpu_present_mask varies dynamically, * depending on what ACPI reports as currently plugged in, otherwise * cpu_present_mask is just a copy of cpu_possible_mask. * * (*) Well, cpu_present_mask is dynamic in the hotplug case. If not * hotplug, it's a copy of cpu_possible_mask, hence fixed at boot. * * Subtleties: * 1) UP arch's (NR_CPUS == 1, CONFIG_SMP not defined) hardcode * assumption that their single CPU is online. The UP * cpu_{online,possible,present}_masks are placebos. Changing them * will have no useful affect on the following num_*_cpus() * and cpu_*() macros in the UP case. This ugliness is a UP * optimization - don't waste any instructions or memory references * asking if you're online or how many CPUs there are if there is * only one CPU. */ extern struct cpumask __cpu_possible_mask; extern struct cpumask __cpu_online_mask; extern struct cpumask __cpu_present_mask; extern struct cpumask __cpu_active_mask; #define cpu_possible_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_possible_mask) #define cpu_online_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_online_mask) #define cpu_present_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_present_mask) #define cpu_active_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_active_mask) extern atomic_t __num_online_cpus; #if NR_CPUS > 1 /** * num_online_cpus() - Read the number of online CPUs * * Despite the fact that __num_online_cpus is of type atomic_t, this * interface gives only a momentary snapshot and is not protected against * concurrent CPU hotplug operations unless invoked from a cpuhp_lock held * region. */ static inline unsigned int num_online_cpus(void) { return atomic_read(&__num_online_cpus); } #define num_possible_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_possible_mask) #define num_present_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_present_mask) #define num_active_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_active_mask) #define cpu_online(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_online_mask) #define cpu_possible(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_possible_mask) #define cpu_present(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_present_mask) #define cpu_active(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_active_mask) #else #define num_online_cpus() 1U #define num_possible_cpus() 1U #define num_present_cpus() 1U #define num_active_cpus() 1U #define cpu_online(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #define cpu_possible(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #define cpu_present(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #define cpu_active(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #endif extern cpumask_t cpus_booted_once_mask; static inline void cpu_max_bits_warn(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int bits) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu >= bits); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ } /* verify cpu argument to cpumask_* operators */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_check(unsigned int cpu) { cpu_max_bits_warn(cpu, nr_cpumask_bits); return cpu; } #if NR_CPUS == 1 /* Uniprocessor. Assume all masks are "1". */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_first(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_last(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return 0; } /* Valid inputs for n are -1 and 0. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_next(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp) { return n+1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_zero(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp) { return n+1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_and(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp, const struct cpumask *andp) { return n+1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_wrap(int n, const struct cpumask *mask, int start, bool wrap) { /* cpu0 unless stop condition, wrap and at cpu0, then nr_cpumask_bits */ return (wrap && n == 0); } /* cpu must be a valid cpu, ie 0, so there's no other choice. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_any_but(const struct cpumask *mask, unsigned int cpu) { return 1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_local_spread(unsigned int i, int node) { return 0; } static inline int cpumask_any_and_distribute(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return cpumask_next_and(-1, src1p, src2p); } #define for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask) #define for_each_cpu_not(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask) #define for_each_cpu_wrap(cpu, mask, start) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask, (void)(start)) #define for_each_cpu_and(cpu, mask1, mask2) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask1, (void)mask2) #else /** * cpumask_first - get the first cpu in a cpumask * @srcp: the cpumask pointer * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_first(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return find_first_bit(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_last - get the last CPU in a cpumask * @srcp: - the cpumask pointer * * Returns >= nr_cpumask_bits if no CPUs set. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_last(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return find_last_bit(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } unsigned int cpumask_next(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp); /** * cpumask_next_zero - get the next unset cpu in a cpumask * @n: the cpu prior to the place to search (ie. return will be > @n) * @srcp: the cpumask pointer * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no further cpus unset. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_zero(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp) { /* -1 is a legal arg here. */ if (n != -1) cpumask_check(n); return find_next_zero_bit(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits, n+1); } int cpumask_next_and(int n, const struct cpumask *, const struct cpumask *); int cpumask_any_but(const struct cpumask *mask, unsigned int cpu); unsigned int cpumask_local_spread(unsigned int i, int node); int cpumask_any_and_distribute(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p); /** * for_each_cpu - iterate over every cpu in a mask * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask: the cpumask pointer * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = -1; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next((cpu), (mask)), \ (cpu) < nr_cpu_ids;) /** * for_each_cpu_not - iterate over every cpu in a complemented mask * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask: the cpumask pointer * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu_not(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = -1; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next_zero((cpu), (mask)), \ (cpu) < nr_cpu_ids;) extern int cpumask_next_wrap(int n, const struct cpumask *mask, int start, bool wrap); /** * for_each_cpu_wrap - iterate over every cpu in a mask, starting at a specified location * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask: the cpumask poiter * @start: the start location * * The implementation does not assume any bit in @mask is set (including @start). * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu_wrap(cpu, mask, start) \ for ((cpu) = cpumask_next_wrap((start)-1, (mask), (start), false); \ (cpu) < nr_cpumask_bits; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next_wrap((cpu), (mask), (start), true)) /** * for_each_cpu_and - iterate over every cpu in both masks * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask1: the first cpumask pointer * @mask2: the second cpumask pointer * * This saves a temporary CPU mask in many places. It is equivalent to: * struct cpumask tmp; * cpumask_and(&tmp, &mask1, &mask2); * for_each_cpu(cpu, &tmp) * ... * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu_and(cpu, mask1, mask2) \ for ((cpu) = -1; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next_and((cpu), (mask1), (mask2)), \ (cpu) < nr_cpu_ids;) #endif /* SMP */ #define CPU_BITS_NONE \ { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = 0UL \ } #define CPU_BITS_CPU0 \ { \ [0] = 1UL \ } /** * cpumask_set_cpu - set a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_set_cpu(unsigned int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { set_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } static inline void __cpumask_set_cpu(unsigned int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { __set_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } /** * cpumask_clear_cpu - clear a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_clear_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { clear_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } static inline void __cpumask_clear_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { __clear_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } /** * cpumask_test_cpu - test for a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @cpumask: the cpumask pointer * * Returns 1 if @cpu is set in @cpumask, else returns 0 */ static inline int cpumask_test_cpu(int cpu, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return test_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits((cpumask))); } /** * cpumask_test_and_set_cpu - atomically test and set a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @cpumask: the cpumask pointer * * Returns 1 if @cpu is set in old bitmap of @cpumask, else returns 0 * * test_and_set_bit wrapper for cpumasks. */ static inline int cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *cpumask) { return test_and_set_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(cpumask)); } /** * cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu - atomically test and clear a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @cpumask: the cpumask pointer * * Returns 1 if @cpu is set in old bitmap of @cpumask, else returns 0 * * test_and_clear_bit wrapper for cpumasks. */ static inline int cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *cpumask) { return test_and_clear_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(cpumask)); } /** * cpumask_setall - set all cpus (< nr_cpu_ids) in a cpumask * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_setall(struct cpumask *dstp) { bitmap_fill(cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_clear - clear all cpus (< nr_cpu_ids) in a cpumask * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_clear(struct cpumask *dstp) { bitmap_zero(cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_and - *dstp = *src1p & *src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * If *@dstp is empty, returns 0, else returns 1 */ static inline int cpumask_and(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_and(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_or - *dstp = *src1p | *src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline void cpumask_or(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { bitmap_or(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_xor - *dstp = *src1p ^ *src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline void cpumask_xor(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { bitmap_xor(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_andnot - *dstp = *src1p & ~*src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * If *@dstp is empty, returns 0, else returns 1 */ static inline int cpumask_andnot(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_andnot(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_complement - *dstp = ~*srcp * @dstp: the cpumask result * @srcp: the input to invert */ static inline void cpumask_complement(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp) { bitmap_complement(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_equal - *src1p == *src2p * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline bool cpumask_equal(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_equal(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_or_equal - *src1p | *src2p == *src3p * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * @src3p: the third input */ static inline bool cpumask_or_equal(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p, const struct cpumask *src3p) { return bitmap_or_equal(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), cpumask_bits(src3p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_intersects - (*src1p & *src2p) != 0 * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline bool cpumask_intersects(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_intersects(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_subset - (*src1p & ~*src2p) == 0 * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * Returns 1 if *@src1p is a subset of *@src2p, else returns 0 */ static inline int cpumask_subset(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_subset(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_empty - *srcp == 0 * @srcp: the cpumask to that all cpus < nr_cpu_ids are clear. */ static inline bool cpumask_empty(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return bitmap_empty(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_full - *srcp == 0xFFFFFFFF... * @srcp: the cpumask to that all cpus < nr_cpu_ids are set. */ static inline bool cpumask_full(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return bitmap_full(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_weight - Count of bits in *srcp * @srcp: the cpumask to count bits (< nr_cpu_ids) in. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_weight(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return bitmap_weight(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_shift_right - *dstp = *srcp >> n * @dstp: the cpumask result * @srcp: the input to shift * @n: the number of bits to shift by */ static inline void cpumask_shift_right(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp, int n) { bitmap_shift_right(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), n, nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_shift_left - *dstp = *srcp << n * @dstp: the cpumask result * @srcp: the input to shift * @n: the number of bits to shift by */ static inline void cpumask_shift_left(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp, int n) { bitmap_shift_left(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), n, nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_copy - *dstp = *srcp * @dstp: the result * @srcp: the input cpumask */ static inline void cpumask_copy(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp) { bitmap_copy(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_any - pick a "random" cpu from *srcp * @srcp: the input cpumask * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set. */ #define cpumask_any(srcp) cpumask_first(srcp) /** * cpumask_first_and - return the first cpu from *srcp1 & *srcp2 * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set in both. See also cpumask_next_and(). */ #define cpumask_first_and(src1p, src2p) cpumask_next_and(-1, (src1p), (src2p)) /** * cpumask_any_and - pick a "random" cpu from *mask1 & *mask2 * @mask1: the first input cpumask * @mask2: the second input cpumask * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set. */ #define cpumask_any_and(mask1, mask2) cpumask_first_and((mask1), (mask2)) /** * cpumask_of - the cpumask containing just a given cpu * @cpu: the cpu (<= nr_cpu_ids) */ #define cpumask_of(cpu) (get_cpu_mask(cpu)) /** * cpumask_parse_user - extract a cpumask from a user string * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @len: the length of the buffer * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpumask_parse_user(const char __user *buf, int len, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parse_user(buf, len, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_parselist_user - extract a cpumask from a user string * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @len: the length of the buffer * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpumask_parselist_user(const char __user *buf, int len, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parselist_user(buf, len, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_parse - extract a cpumask from a string * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpumask_parse(const char *buf, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parse(buf, UINT_MAX, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpulist_parse - extract a cpumask from a user string of ranges * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpulist_parse(const char *buf, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parselist(buf, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_size - size to allocate for a 'struct cpumask' in bytes */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_size(void) { return BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_cpumask_bits) * sizeof(long); } /* * cpumask_var_t: struct cpumask for stack usage. * * Oh, the wicked games we play! In order to make kernel coding a * little more difficult, we typedef cpumask_var_t to an array or a * pointer: doing &mask on an array is a noop, so it still works. * * ie. * cpumask_var_t tmpmask; * if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tmpmask, GFP_KERNEL)) * return -ENOMEM; * * ... use 'tmpmask' like a normal struct cpumask * ... * * free_cpumask_var(tmpmask); * * * However, one notable exception is there. alloc_cpumask_var() allocates * only nr_cpumask_bits bits (in the other hand, real cpumask_t always has * NR_CPUS bits). Therefore you don't have to dereference cpumask_var_t. * * cpumask_var_t tmpmask; * if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tmpmask, GFP_KERNEL)) * return -ENOMEM; * * var = *tmpmask; * * This code makes NR_CPUS length memcopy and brings to a memory corruption. * cpumask_copy() provide safe copy functionality. * * Note that there is another evil here: If you define a cpumask_var_t * as a percpu variable then the way to obtain the address of the cpumask * structure differently influences what this_cpu_* operation needs to be * used. Please use this_cpu_cpumask_var_t in those cases. The direct use * of this_cpu_ptr() or this_cpu_read() will lead to failures when the * other type of cpumask_var_t implementation is configured. * * Please also note that __cpumask_var_read_mostly can be used to declare * a cpumask_var_t variable itself (not its content) as read mostly. */ #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK typedef struct cpumask *cpumask_var_t; #define this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(x) this_cpu_read(x) #define __cpumask_var_read_mostly __read_mostly bool alloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node); bool alloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags); bool zalloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node); bool zalloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags); void alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask); void free_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask); void free_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask); static inline bool cpumask_available(cpumask_var_t mask) { return mask != NULL; } #else typedef struct cpumask cpumask_var_t[1]; #define this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(x) this_cpu_ptr(x) #define __cpumask_var_read_mostly static inline bool alloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags) { return true; } static inline bool alloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node) { return true; } static inline bool zalloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags) { cpumask_clear(*mask); return true; } static inline bool zalloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node) { cpumask_clear(*mask); return true; } static inline void alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask) { } static inline void free_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask) { } static inline void free_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask) { } static inline bool cpumask_available(cpumask_var_t mask) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK */ /* It's common to want to use cpu_all_mask in struct member initializers, * so it has to refer to an address rather than a pointer. */ extern const DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_all_bits, NR_CPUS); #define cpu_all_mask to_cpumask(cpu_all_bits) /* First bits of cpu_bit_bitmap are in fact unset. */ #define cpu_none_mask to_cpumask(cpu_bit_bitmap[0]) #define for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) for_each_cpu((cpu), cpu_possible_mask) #define for_each_online_cpu(cpu) for_each_cpu((cpu), cpu_online_mask) #define for_each_present_cpu(cpu) for_each_cpu((cpu), cpu_present_mask) /* Wrappers for arch boot code to manipulate normally-constant masks */ void init_cpu_present(const struct cpumask *src); void init_cpu_possible(const struct cpumask *src); void init_cpu_online(const struct cpumask *src); static inline void reset_cpu_possible_mask(void) { bitmap_zero(cpumask_bits(&__cpu_possible_mask), NR_CPUS); } static inline void set_cpu_possible(unsigned int cpu, bool possible) { if (possible) cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_possible_mask); else cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_possible_mask); } static inline void set_cpu_present(unsigned int cpu, bool present) { if (present) cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_present_mask); else cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_present_mask); } void set_cpu_online(unsigned int cpu, bool online); static inline void set_cpu_active(unsigned int cpu, bool active) { if (active) cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_active_mask); else cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_active_mask); } /** * to_cpumask - convert an NR_CPUS bitmap to a struct cpumask * * @bitmap: the bitmap * * There are a few places where cpumask_var_t isn't appropriate and * static cpumasks must be used (eg. very early boot), yet we don't * expose the definition of 'struct cpumask'. * * This does the conversion, and can be used as a constant initializer. */ #define to_cpumask(bitmap) \ ((struct cpumask *)(1 ? (bitmap) \ : (void *)sizeof(__check_is_bitmap(bitmap)))) static inline int __check_is_bitmap(const unsigned long *bitmap) { return 1; } /* * Special-case data structure for "single bit set only" constant CPU masks. * * We pre-generate all the 64 (or 32) possible bit positions, with enough * padding to the left and the right, and return the constant pointer * appropriately offset. */ extern const unsigned long cpu_bit_bitmap[BITS_PER_LONG+1][BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)]; static inline const struct cpumask *get_cpu_mask(unsigned int cpu) { const unsigned long *p = cpu_bit_bitmap[1 + cpu % BITS_PER_LONG]; p -= cpu / BITS_PER_LONG; return to_cpumask(p); } #define cpu_is_offline(cpu) unlikely(!cpu_online(cpu)) #if NR_CPUS <= BITS_PER_LONG #define CPU_BITS_ALL \ { \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } #else /* NR_CPUS > BITS_PER_LONG */ #define CPU_BITS_ALL \ { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-2] = ~0UL, \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } #endif /* NR_CPUS > BITS_PER_LONG */ /** * cpumap_print_to_pagebuf - copies the cpumask into the buffer either * as comma-separated list of cpus or hex values of cpumask * @list: indicates whether the cpumap must be list * @mask: the cpumask to copy * @buf: the buffer to copy into * * Returns the length of the (null-terminated) @buf string, zero if * nothing is copied. */ static inline ssize_t cpumap_print_to_pagebuf(bool list, char *buf, const struct cpumask *mask) { return bitmap_print_to_pagebuf(list, buf, cpumask_bits(mask), nr_cpu_ids); } #if NR_CPUS <= BITS_PER_LONG #define CPU_MASK_ALL \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } } #else #define CPU_MASK_ALL \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-2] = ~0UL, \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } } #endif /* NR_CPUS > BITS_PER_LONG */ #define CPU_MASK_NONE \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = 0UL \ } } #define CPU_MASK_CPU0 \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [0] = 1UL \ } } #endif /* __LINUX_CPUMASK_H */
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3198 3199 3200 3201 3202 3203 3204 3205 3206 3207 3208 3209 3210 3211 3212 3213 3214 3215 3216 3217 3218 3219 3220 3221 3222 3223 3224 3225 3226 3227 3228 3229 3230 3231 3232 3233 3234 3235 3236 3237 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * fs/dcache.c * * Complete reimplementation * (C) 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer, * with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds */ /* * Notes on the allocation strategy: * * The dcache is a master of the icache - whenever a dcache entry * exists, the inode will always exist. "iput()" is done either when * the dcache entry is deleted or garbage collected. */ #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" /* * Usage: * dcache->d_inode->i_lock protects: * - i_dentry, d_u.d_alias, d_inode of aliases * dcache_hash_bucket lock protects: * - the dcache hash table * s_roots bl list spinlock protects: * - the s_roots list (see __d_drop) * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock protects: * - the dcache lru lists and counters * d_lock protects: * - d_flags * - d_name * - d_lru * - d_count * - d_unhashed() * - d_parent and d_subdirs * - childrens' d_child and d_parent * - d_u.d_alias, d_inode * * Ordering: * dentry->d_inode->i_lock * dentry->d_lock * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock * dcache_hash_bucket lock * s_roots lock * * If there is an ancestor relationship: * dentry->d_parent->...->d_parent->d_lock * ... * dentry->d_parent->d_lock * dentry->d_lock * * If no ancestor relationship: * arbitrary, since it's serialized on rename_lock */ int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure __read_mostly = 100; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure); __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(rename_lock); EXPORT_SYMBOL(rename_lock); static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache __read_mostly; const struct qstr empty_name = QSTR_INIT("", 0); EXPORT_SYMBOL(empty_name); const struct qstr slash_name = QSTR_INIT("/", 1); EXPORT_SYMBOL(slash_name); /* * This is the single most critical data structure when it comes * to the dcache: the hashtable for lookups. Somebody should try * to make this good - I've just made it work. * * This hash-function tries to avoid losing too many bits of hash * information, yet avoid using a prime hash-size or similar. */ static unsigned int d_hash_shift __read_mostly; static struct hlist_bl_head *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *d_hash(unsigned int hash) { return dentry_hashtable + (hash >> d_hash_shift); } #define IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT 10 static struct hlist_bl_head in_lookup_hashtable[1 << IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT]; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *in_lookup_hash(const struct dentry *parent, unsigned int hash) { hash += (unsigned long) parent / L1_CACHE_BYTES; return in_lookup_hashtable + hash_32(hash, IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT); } /* Statistics gathering. */ struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = { .age_limit = 45, }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_unused); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_negative); #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) /* * Here we resort to our own counters instead of using generic per-cpu counters * for consistency with what the vfs inode code does. We are expected to harvest * better code and performance by having our own specialized counters. * * Please note that the loop is done over all possible CPUs, not over all online * CPUs. The reason for this is that we don't want to play games with CPUs going * on and off. If one of them goes off, we will just keep their counters. * * glommer: See cffbc8a for details, and if you ever intend to change this, * please update all vfs counters to match. */ static long get_nr_dentry(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_unused(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_unused, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_negative(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_negative, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { dentry_stat.nr_dentry = get_nr_dentry(); dentry_stat.nr_unused = get_nr_dentry_unused(); dentry_stat.nr_negative = get_nr_dentry_negative(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #endif /* * Compare 2 name strings, return 0 if they match, otherwise non-zero. * The strings are both count bytes long, and count is non-zero. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> /* * NOTE! 'cs' and 'scount' come from a dentry, so it has a * aligned allocation for this particular component. We don't * strictly need the load_unaligned_zeropad() safety, but it * doesn't hurt either. * * In contrast, 'ct' and 'tcount' can be from a pathname, and do * need the careful unaligned handling. */ static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { unsigned long a,b,mask; for (;;) { a = read_word_at_a_time(cs); b = load_unaligned_zeropad(ct); if (tcount < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; if (unlikely(a != b)) return 1; cs += sizeof(unsigned long); ct += sizeof(unsigned long); tcount -= sizeof(unsigned long); if (!tcount) return 0; } mask = bytemask_from_count(tcount); return unlikely(!!((a ^ b) & mask)); } #else static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { do { if (*cs != *ct) return 1; cs++; ct++; tcount--; } while (tcount); return 0; } #endif static inline int dentry_cmp(const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { /* * Be careful about RCU walk racing with rename: * use 'READ_ONCE' to fetch the name pointer. * * NOTE! Even if a rename will mean that the length * was not loaded atomically, we don't care. The * RCU walk will check the sequence count eventually, * and catch it. And we won't overrun the buffer, * because we're reading the name pointer atomically, * and a dentry name is guaranteed to be properly * terminated with a NUL byte. * * End result: even if 'len' is wrong, we'll exit * early because the data cannot match (there can * be no NUL in the ct/tcount data) */ const unsigned char *cs = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_name.name); return dentry_string_cmp(cs, ct, tcount); } struct external_name { union { atomic_t count; struct rcu_head head; } u; unsigned char name[]; }; static inline struct external_name *external_name(struct dentry *dentry) { return container_of(dentry->d_name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); } static void __d_free(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static void __d_free_external(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static inline int dname_external(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname; } void take_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name, struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); name->name = dentry->d_name; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(dentry)->u.count); } else { memcpy(name->inline_name, dentry->d_iname, dentry->d_name.len + 1); name->name.name = name->inline_name; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(take_dentry_name_snapshot); void release_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name) { if (unlikely(name->name.name != name->inline_name)) { struct external_name *p; p = container_of(name->name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) kfree_rcu(p, u.head); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_dentry_name_snapshot); static inline void __d_set_inode_and_type(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, unsigned type_flags) { unsigned flags; dentry->d_inode = inode; flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); flags |= type_flags; smp_store_release(&dentry->d_flags, flags); } static inline void __d_clear_type_and_inode(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); WRITE_ONCE(dentry->d_flags, flags); dentry->d_inode = NULL; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); } static void dentry_free(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias)); if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { struct external_name *p = external_name(dentry); if (likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) { call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free_external); return; } } /* if dentry was never visible to RCU, immediate free is OK */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NORCU) __d_free(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu); else call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free); } /* * Release the dentry's inode, using the filesystem * d_iput() operation if defined. */ static void dentry_unlink_inode(struct dentry * dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) __releases(dentry->d_inode->i_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_clear_type_and_inode(dentry); hlist_del_init(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (!inode->i_nlink) fsnotify_inoderemove(inode); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_iput) dentry->d_op->d_iput(dentry, inode); else iput(inode); } /* * The DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit is set whenever the 'd_lru' entry * is in use - which includes both the "real" per-superblock * LRU list _and_ the DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST use. * * The DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST bit is set whenever the dentry is * on the shrink list (ie not on the superblock LRU list). * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_unused" counters are updated with * the DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit. * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_negative" counters are only updated * when deleted from or added to the per-superblock LRU list, not * from/to the shrink list. That is to avoid an unneeded dec/inc * pair when moving from LRU to shrink list in select_collect(). * * These helper functions make sure we always follow the * rules. d_lock must be held by the caller. */ #define D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry,x) WARN_ON_ONCE(((dentry)->d_flags & (DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) != (x)) static void d_lru_add(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_add(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_lru_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_del(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_shrink_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); list_del_init(&dentry->d_lru); dentry->d_flags &= ~(DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); } static void d_shrink_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); list_add(&dentry->d_lru, list); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); } /* * These can only be called under the global LRU lock, ie during the * callback for freeing the LRU list. "isolate" removes it from the * LRU lists entirely, while shrink_move moves it to the indicated * private list. */ static void d_lru_isolate(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate(lru, &dentry->d_lru); } static void d_lru_shrink_move(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate_move(lru, &dentry->d_lru, list); } /** * d_drop - drop a dentry * @dentry: dentry to drop * * d_drop() unhashes the entry from the parent dentry hashes, so that it won't * be found through a VFS lookup any more. Note that this is different from * deleting the dentry - d_delete will try to mark the dentry negative if * possible, giving a successful _negative_ lookup, while d_drop will * just make the cache lookup fail. * * d_drop() is used mainly for stuff that wants to invalidate a dentry for some * reason (NFS timeouts or autofs deletes). * * __d_drop requires dentry->d_lock * ___d_drop doesn't mark dentry as "unhashed" * (dentry->d_hash.pprev will be LIST_POISON2, not NULL). */ static void ___d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b; /* * Hashed dentries are normally on the dentry hashtable, * with the exception of those newly allocated by * d_obtain_root, which are always IS_ROOT: */ if (unlikely(IS_ROOT(dentry))) b = &dentry->d_sb->s_roots; else b = d_hash(dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_hash); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) { ___d_drop(dentry); dentry->d_hash.pprev = NULL; write_seqcount_invalidate(&dentry->d_seq); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_drop); void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_drop); static inline void dentry_unlist(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent) { struct dentry *next; /* * Inform d_walk() and shrink_dentry_list() that we are no longer * attached to the dentry tree */ dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED; if (unlikely(list_empty(&dentry->d_child))) return; __list_del_entry(&dentry->d_child); /* * Cursors can move around the list of children. While we'd been * a normal list member, it didn't matter - ->d_child.next would've * been updated. However, from now on it won't be and for the * things like d_walk() it might end up with a nasty surprise. * Normally d_walk() doesn't care about cursors moving around - * ->d_lock on parent prevents that and since a cursor has no children * of its own, we get through it without ever unlocking the parent. * There is one exception, though - if we ascend from a child that * gets killed as soon as we unlock it, the next sibling is found * using the value left in its ->d_child.next. And if _that_ * pointed to a cursor, and cursor got moved (e.g. by lseek()) * before d_walk() regains parent->d_lock, we'll end up skipping * everything the cursor had been moved past. * * Solution: make sure that the pointer left behind in ->d_child.next * points to something that won't be moving around. I.e. skip the * cursors. */ while (dentry->d_child.next != &parent->d_subdirs) { next = list_entry(dentry->d_child.next, struct dentry, d_child); if (likely(!(next->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR))) break; dentry->d_child.next = next->d_child.next; } } static void __dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = NULL; bool can_free = true; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) parent = dentry->d_parent; /* * The dentry is now unrecoverably dead to the world. */ lockref_mark_dead(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * inform the fs via d_prune that this dentry is about to be * unhashed and destroyed. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_PRUNE) dentry->d_op->d_prune(dentry); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) { if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) d_lru_del(dentry); } /* if it was on the hash then remove it */ __d_drop(dentry); dentry_unlist(dentry, parent); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); if (dentry->d_inode) dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); else spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_release) dentry->d_op->d_release(dentry); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MAY_FREE; can_free = false; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (likely(can_free)) dentry_free(dentry); cond_resched(); } static struct dentry *__lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent; rcu_read_lock(); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); again: parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * We can't blindly lock dentry until we are sure * that we won't violate the locking order. * Any changes of dentry->d_parent must have * been done with parent->d_lock held, so * spin_lock() above is enough of a barrier * for checking if it's still our child. */ if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); goto again; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (parent != dentry) spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); else parent = NULL; return parent; } static inline struct dentry *lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) return NULL; if (likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return parent; return __lock_parent(dentry); } static inline bool retain_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); /* Unreachable? Get rid of it */ if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) { if (dentry->d_op->d_delete(dentry)) return false; } if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DONTCACHE)) return false; /* retain; LRU fodder */ dentry->d_lockref.count--; if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST))) d_lru_add(dentry); else if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED))) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED; return true; } void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(de, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&de->d_lock); de->d_flags |= DCACHE_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&de->d_lock); } inode->i_state |= I_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_mark_dontcache); /* * Finish off a dentry we've decided to kill. * dentry->d_lock must be held, returns with it unlocked. * Returns dentry requiring refcount drop, or NULL if we're done. */ static struct dentry *dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; struct dentry *parent = NULL; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) goto slow_positive; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) { parent = dentry->d_parent; if (unlikely(!spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) { parent = __lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(inode || !dentry->d_inode)) goto got_locks; /* negative that became positive */ if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); inode = dentry->d_inode; goto slow_positive; } } __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; slow_positive: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); parent = lock_parent(dentry); got_locks: if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count != 1)) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; } else if (likely(!retain_dentry(dentry))) { __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; } /* we are keeping it, after all */ if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return NULL; } /* * Try to do a lockless dput(), and return whether that was successful. * * If unsuccessful, we return false, having already taken the dentry lock. * * The caller needs to hold the RCU read lock, so that the dentry is * guaranteed to stay around even if the refcount goes down to zero! */ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry) { int ret; unsigned int d_flags; /* * If we have a d_op->d_delete() operation, we sould not * let the dentry count go to zero, so use "put_or_lock". */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) return lockref_put_or_lock(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * .. otherwise, we can try to just decrement the * lockref optimistically. */ ret = lockref_put_return(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * If the lockref_put_return() failed due to the lock being held * by somebody else, the fast path has failed. We will need to * get the lock, and then check the count again. */ if (unlikely(ret < 0)) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_lockref.count > 1) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } return false; } /* * If we weren't the last ref, we're done. */ if (ret) return true; /* * Careful, careful. The reference count went down * to zero, but we don't hold the dentry lock, so * somebody else could get it again, and do another * dput(), and we need to not race with that. * * However, there is a very special and common case * where we don't care, because there is nothing to * do: the dentry is still hashed, it does not have * a 'delete' op, and it's referenced and already on * the LRU list. * * NOTE! Since we aren't locked, these values are * not "stable". However, it is sufficient that at * some point after we dropped the reference the * dentry was hashed and the flags had the proper * value. Other dentry users may have re-gotten * a reference to the dentry and change that, but * our work is done - we can leave the dentry * around with a zero refcount. */ smp_rmb(); d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; /* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */ if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry)) return true; /* * Not the fast normal case? Get the lock. We've already decremented * the refcount, but we'll need to re-check the situation after * getting the lock. */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Did somebody else grab a reference to it in the meantime, and * we're no longer the last user after all? Alternatively, somebody * else could have killed it and marked it dead. Either way, we * don't need to do anything else. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } /* * Re-get the reference we optimistically dropped. We hold the * lock, and we just tested that it was zero, so we can just * set it to 1. */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; return false; } /* * This is dput * * This is complicated by the fact that we do not want to put * dentries that are no longer on any hash chain on the unused * list: we'd much rather just get rid of them immediately. * * However, that implies that we have to traverse the dentry * tree upwards to the parents which might _also_ now be * scheduled for deletion (it may have been only waiting for * its last child to go away). * * This tail recursion is done by hand as we don't want to depend * on the compiler to always get this right (gcc generally doesn't). * Real recursion would eat up our stack space. */ /* * dput - release a dentry * @dentry: dentry to release * * Release a dentry. This will drop the usage count and if appropriate * call the dentry unlink method as well as removing it from the queues and * releasing its resources. If the parent dentries were scheduled for release * they too may now get deleted. */ void dput(struct dentry *dentry) { while (dentry) { might_sleep(); rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } /* Slow case: now with the dentry lock held */ rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(retain_dentry(dentry))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } dentry = dentry_kill(dentry); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dput); static void __dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) __must_hold(&dentry->d_lock) { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { /* let the owner of the list it's on deal with it */ --dentry->d_lockref.count; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!--dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, list); } } void dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (!retain_dentry(dentry)) __dput_to_list(dentry, list); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* This must be called with d_lock held */ static inline void __dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_lockref.count++; } static inline void __dget(struct dentry *dentry) { lockref_get(&dentry->d_lockref); } struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { int gotref; struct dentry *ret; unsigned seq; /* * Do optimistic parent lookup without any * locking. */ rcu_read_lock(); seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); ret = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); gotref = lockref_get_not_zero(&ret->d_lockref); rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(gotref)) { if (!read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) return ret; dput(ret); } repeat: /* * Don't need rcu_dereference because we re-check it was correct under * the lock. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = dentry->d_parent; spin_lock(&ret->d_lock); if (unlikely(ret != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); goto repeat; } rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(!ret->d_lockref.count); ret->d_lockref.count++; spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_parent); static struct dentry * __d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) return NULL; alias = hlist_entry(inode->i_dentry.first, struct dentry, d_u.d_alias); __dget(alias); return alias; } /** * d_find_any_alias - find any alias for a given inode * @inode: inode to find an alias for * * If any aliases exist for the given inode, take and return a * reference for one of them. If no aliases exist, return %NULL. */ struct dentry *d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_any_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_any_alias); /** * d_find_alias - grab a hashed alias of inode * @inode: inode in question * * If inode has a hashed alias, or is a directory and has any alias, * acquire the reference to alias and return it. Otherwise return NULL. * Notice that if inode is a directory there can be only one alias and * it can be unhashed only if it has no children, or if it is the root * of a filesystem, or if the directory was renamed and d_revalidate * was the first vfs operation to notice. * * If the inode has an IS_ROOT, DCACHE_DISCONNECTED alias, then prefer * any other hashed alias over that one. */ static struct dentry *__d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return __d_find_any_alias(inode); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { __dget_dlock(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } return NULL; } struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de = NULL; if (!hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_alias); /* * Try to kill dentries associated with this inode. * WARNING: you must own a reference to inode. */ void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *dentry; restart: spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(dentry, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { struct dentry *parent = lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) { __dentry_kill(dentry); dput(parent); goto restart; } if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_prune_aliases); /* * Lock a dentry from shrink list. * Called under rcu_read_lock() and dentry->d_lock; the former * guarantees that nothing we access will be freed under us. * Note that dentry is *not* protected from concurrent dentry_kill(), * d_delete(), etc. * * Return false if dentry has been disrupted or grabbed, leaving * the caller to kick it off-list. Otherwise, return true and have * that dentry's inode and parent both locked. */ static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *parent; if (dentry->d_lockref.count) return false; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count)) goto out; /* changed inode means that somebody had grabbed it */ if (unlikely(inode != dentry->d_inode)) goto out; } parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry) || likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return true; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out; } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) return true; spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); out: if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return false; } void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list) { while (!list_empty(list)) { struct dentry *dentry, *parent; dentry = list_entry(list->prev, struct dentry, d_lru); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); rcu_read_lock(); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(dentry)) { bool can_free = false; rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); if (dentry->d_lockref.count < 0) can_free = dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MAY_FREE; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (can_free) dentry_free(dentry); continue; } rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); parent = dentry->d_parent; if (parent != dentry) __dput_to_list(parent, list); __dentry_kill(dentry); } } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; /* * Referenced dentries are still in use. If they have active * counts, just remove them from the LRU. Otherwise give them * another pass through the LRU. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_lru_isolate(lru, dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_REFERENCED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * The list move itself will be made by the common LRU code. At * this point, we've dropped the dentry->d_lock but keep the * lru lock. This is safe to do, since every list movement is * protected by the lru lock even if both locks are held. * * This is guaranteed by the fact that all LRU management * functions are intermediated by the LRU API calls like * list_lru_add and list_lru_del. List movement in this file * only ever occur through this functions or through callbacks * like this one, that are called from the LRU API. * * The only exceptions to this are functions like * shrink_dentry_list, and code that first checks for the * DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST flag. Those are guaranteed to be * operating only with stack provided lists after they are * properly isolated from the main list. It is thus, always a * local access. */ return LRU_ROTATE; } d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * prune_dcache_sb - shrink the dcache * @sb: superblock * @sc: shrink control, passed to list_lru_shrink_walk() * * Attempt to shrink the superblock dcache LRU by @sc->nr_to_scan entries. This * is done when we need more memory and called from the superblock shrinker * function. * * This function may fail to free any resources if all the dentries are in * use. */ long prune_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb, struct shrink_control *sc) { LIST_HEAD(dispose); long freed; freed = list_lru_shrink_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, sc, dentry_lru_isolate, &dispose); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); return freed; } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate_shrink(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * shrink_dcache_sb - shrink dcache for a superblock * @sb: superblock * * Shrink the dcache for the specified super block. This is used to free * the dcache before unmounting a file system. */ void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb) { do { LIST_HEAD(dispose); list_lru_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, dentry_lru_isolate_shrink, &dispose, 1024); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); } while (list_lru_count(&sb->s_dentry_lru) > 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_sb); /** * enum d_walk_ret - action to talke during tree walk * @D_WALK_CONTINUE: contrinue walk * @D_WALK_QUIT: quit walk * @D_WALK_NORETRY: quit when retry is needed * @D_WALK_SKIP: skip this dentry and its children */ enum d_walk_ret { D_WALK_CONTINUE, D_WALK_QUIT, D_WALK_NORETRY, D_WALK_SKIP, }; /** * d_walk - walk the dentry tree * @parent: start of walk * @data: data passed to @enter() and @finish() * @enter: callback when first entering the dentry * * The @enter() callbacks are called with d_lock held. */ static void d_walk(struct dentry *parent, void *data, enum d_walk_ret (*enter)(void *, struct dentry *)) { struct dentry *this_parent; struct list_head *next; unsigned seq = 0; enum d_walk_ret ret; bool retry = true; again: read_seqbegin_or_lock(&rename_lock, &seq); this_parent = parent; spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); ret = enter(data, this_parent); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: case D_WALK_SKIP: goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; } repeat: next = this_parent->d_subdirs.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->d_subdirs) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct dentry *dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_child); next = tmp->next; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR)) continue; spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); ret = enter(data, dentry); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; case D_WALK_SKIP: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); continue; } if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) { spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); spin_release(&dentry->d_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_); this_parent = dentry; spin_acquire(&this_parent->d_lock.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); goto repeat; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search. */ rcu_read_lock(); ascend: if (this_parent != parent) { struct dentry *child = this_parent; this_parent = child->d_parent; spin_unlock(&child->d_lock); spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); /* might go back up the wrong parent if we have had a rename. */ if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; /* go into the first sibling still alive */ do { next = child->d_child.next; if (next == &this_parent->d_subdirs) goto ascend; child = list_entry(next, struct dentry, d_child); } while (unlikely(child->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED)); rcu_read_unlock(); goto resume; } if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; rcu_read_unlock(); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); done_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq); return; rename_retry: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(seq & 1); if (!retry) return; seq = 1; goto again; } struct check_mount { struct vfsmount *mnt; unsigned int mounted; }; static enum d_walk_ret path_check_mount(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct check_mount *info = data; struct path path = { .mnt = info->mnt, .dentry = dentry }; if (likely(!d_mountpoint(dentry))) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (__path_is_mountpoint(&path)) { info->mounted = 1; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * path_has_submounts - check for mounts over a dentry in the * current namespace. * @parent: path to check. * * Return true if the parent or its subdirectories contain * a mount point in the current namespace. */ int path_has_submounts(const struct path *parent) { struct check_mount data = { .mnt = parent->mnt, .mounted = 0 }; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); d_walk(parent->dentry, &data, path_check_mount); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return data.mounted; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_has_submounts); /* * Called by mount code to set a mountpoint and check if the mountpoint is * reachable (e.g. NFS can unhash a directory dentry and then the complete * subtree can become unreachable). * * Only one of d_invalidate() and d_set_mounted() must succeed. For * this reason take rename_lock and d_lock on dentry and ancestors. */ int d_set_mounted(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *p; int ret = -ENOENT; write_seqlock(&rename_lock); for (p = dentry->d_parent; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { /* Need exclusion wrt. d_invalidate() */ spin_lock(&p->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_unhashed(p))) { spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); goto out; } spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); } spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!d_unlinked(dentry)) { ret = -EBUSY; if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MOUNTED; ret = 0; } } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); out: write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); return ret; } /* * Search the dentry child list of the specified parent, * and move any unused dentries to the end of the unused * list for prune_dcache(). We descend to the next level * whenever the d_subdirs list is non-empty and continue * searching. * * It returns zero iff there are no unused children, * otherwise it returns the number of children moved to * the end of the unused list. This may not be the total * number of unused children, because select_parent can * drop the lock and return early due to latency * constraints. */ struct select_data { struct dentry *start; union { long found; struct dentry *victim; }; struct list_head dispose; }; static enum d_walk_ret select_collect(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { data->found++; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); data->found++; } } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } static enum d_walk_ret select_collect2(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { rcu_read_lock(); data->victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } /** * shrink_dcache_parent - prune dcache * @parent: parent of entries to prune * * Prune the dcache to remove unused children of the parent dentry. */ void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *parent) { for (;;) { struct select_data data = {.start = parent}; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&data.dispose); d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect); if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) { shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); continue; } cond_resched(); if (!data.found) break; data.victim = NULL; d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect2); if (data.victim) { struct dentry *parent; spin_lock(&data.victim->d_lock); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(data.victim)) { spin_unlock(&data.victim->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); } else { rcu_read_unlock(); parent = data.victim->d_parent; if (parent != data.victim) __dput_to_list(parent, &data.dispose); __dentry_kill(data.victim); } } if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_parent); static enum d_walk_ret umount_check(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { /* it has busy descendents; complain about those instead */ if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; /* root with refcount 1 is fine */ if (dentry == _data && dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; printk(KERN_ERR "BUG: Dentry %p{i=%lx,n=%pd} " " still in use (%d) [unmount of %s %s]\n", dentry, dentry->d_inode ? dentry->d_inode->i_ino : 0UL, dentry, dentry->d_lockref.count, dentry->d_sb->s_type->name, dentry->d_sb->s_id); WARN_ON(1); return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } static void do_one_tree(struct dentry *dentry) { shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); d_walk(dentry, dentry, umount_check); d_drop(dentry); dput(dentry); } /* * destroy the dentries attached to a superblock on unmounting */ void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *sb) { struct dentry *dentry; WARN(down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount), "s_umount should've been locked"); dentry = sb->s_root; sb->s_root = NULL; do_one_tree(dentry); while (!hlist_bl_empty(&sb->s_roots)) { dentry = dget(hlist_bl_entry(hlist_bl_first(&sb->s_roots), struct dentry, d_hash)); do_one_tree(dentry); } } static enum d_walk_ret find_submount(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry **victim = _data; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { __dget_dlock(dentry); *victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * d_invalidate - detach submounts, prune dcache, and drop * @dentry: dentry to invalidate (aka detach, prune and drop) */ void d_invalidate(struct dentry *dentry) { bool had_submounts = false; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (d_unhashed(dentry)) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* Negative dentries can be dropped without further checks */ if (!dentry->d_inode) return; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); for (;;) { struct dentry *victim = NULL; d_walk(dentry, &victim, find_submount); if (!victim) { if (had_submounts) shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); return; } had_submounts = true; detach_mounts(victim); dput(victim); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_invalidate); /** * __d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @sb: filesystem it will belong to * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ static struct dentry *__d_alloc(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; char *dname; int err; dentry = kmem_cache_alloc(dentry_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!dentry) return NULL; /* * We guarantee that the inline name is always NUL-terminated. * This way the memcpy() done by the name switching in rename * will still always have a NUL at the end, even if we might * be overwriting an internal NUL character */ dentry->d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1] = 0; if (unlikely(!name)) { name = &slash_name; dname = dentry->d_iname; } else if (name->len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1) { size_t size = offsetof(struct external_name, name[1]); struct external_name *p = kmalloc(size + name->len, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE); if (!p) { kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } atomic_set(&p->u.count, 1); dname = p->name; } else { dname = dentry->d_iname; } dentry->d_name.len = name->len; dentry->d_name.hash = name->hash; memcpy(dname, name->name, name->len); dname[name->len] = 0; /* Make sure we always see the terminating NUL character */ smp_store_release(&dentry->d_name.name, dname); /* ^^^ */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; dentry->d_flags = 0; spin_lock_init(&dentry->d_lock); seqcount_spinlock_init(&dentry->d_seq, &dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_inode = NULL; dentry->d_parent = dentry; dentry->d_sb = sb; dentry->d_op = NULL; dentry->d_fsdata = NULL; INIT_HLIST_BL_NODE(&dentry->d_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_subdirs); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_child); d_set_d_op(dentry, dentry->d_sb->s_d_op); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_init) { err = dentry->d_op->d_init(dentry); if (err) { if (dname_external(dentry)) kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } } this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry); return dentry; } /** * d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @parent: parent of entry to allocate * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ struct dentry *d_alloc(struct dentry * parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(parent->d_sb, name); if (!dentry) return NULL; spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * don't need child lock because it is not subject * to concurrency here */ __dget_dlock(parent); dentry->d_parent = parent; list_add(&dentry->d_child, &parent->d_subdirs); spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc); struct dentry *d_alloc_anon(struct super_block *sb) { return __d_alloc(sb, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_anon); struct dentry *d_alloc_cursor(struct dentry * parent) { struct dentry *dentry = d_alloc_anon(parent->d_sb); if (dentry) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR; dentry->d_parent = dget(parent); } return dentry; } /** * d_alloc_pseudo - allocate a dentry (for lookup-less filesystems) * @sb: the superblock * @name: qstr of the name * * For a filesystem that just pins its dentries in memory and never * performs lookups at all, return an unhashed IS_ROOT dentry. * This is used for pipes, sockets et.al. - the stuff that should * never be anyone's children or parents. Unlike all other * dentries, these will not have RCU delay between dropping the * last reference and freeing them. * * The only user is alloc_file_pseudo() and that's what should * be considered a public interface. Don't use directly. */ struct dentry *d_alloc_pseudo(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(sb, name); if (likely(dentry)) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_NORCU; return dentry; } struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *parent, const char *name) { struct qstr q; q.name = name; q.hash_len = hashlen_string(parent, name); return d_alloc(parent, &q); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_name); void d_set_d_op(struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry_operations *op) { WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_op); WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_flags & (DCACHE_OP_HASH | DCACHE_OP_COMPARE | DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_DELETE | DCACHE_OP_REAL)); dentry->d_op = op; if (!op) return; if (op->d_hash) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_HASH; if (op->d_compare) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_COMPARE; if (op->d_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_weak_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_delete) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_DELETE; if (op->d_prune) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_PRUNE; if (op->d_real) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REAL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_d_op); /* * d_set_fallthru - Mark a dentry as falling through to a lower layer * @dentry - The dentry to mark * * Mark a dentry as falling through to the lower layer (as set with * d_pin_lower()). This flag may be recorded on the medium. */ void d_set_fallthru(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_FALLTHRU; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_fallthru); static unsigned d_flags_for_inode(struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE; if (!inode) return DCACHE_MISS_TYPE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { add_flags = DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE; if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_LOOKUP))) { if (unlikely(!inode->i_op->lookup)) add_flags = DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE; else inode->i_opflags |= IOP_LOOKUP; } goto type_determined; } if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_NOFOLLOW))) { if (unlikely(inode->i_op->get_link)) { add_flags = DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE; goto type_determined; } inode->i_opflags |= IOP_NOFOLLOW; } if (unlikely(!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))) add_flags = DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE; type_determined: if (unlikely(IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode))) add_flags |= DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT; return add_flags; } static void __d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Decrement negative dentry count if it was in the LRU list. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /** * d_instantiate - fill in inode information for a dentry * @entry: dentry to complete * @inode: inode to attach to this dentry * * Fill in inode information in the entry. * * This turns negative dentries into productive full members * of society. * * NOTE! This assumes that the inode count has been incremented * (or otherwise set) by the caller to indicate that it is now * in use by the dcache. */ void d_instantiate(struct dentry *entry, struct inode * inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate); /* * This should be equivalent to d_instantiate() + unlock_new_inode(), * with lockdep-related part of unlock_new_inode() done before * anything else. Use that instead of open-coding d_instantiate()/ * unlock_new_inode() combinations. */ void d_instantiate_new(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); BUG_ON(!inode); lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(inode); security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & I_NEW)); inode->i_state &= ~I_NEW & ~I_CREATING; smp_mb(); wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_NEW); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_new); struct dentry *d_make_root(struct inode *root_inode) { struct dentry *res = NULL; if (root_inode) { res = d_alloc_anon(root_inode->i_sb); if (res) d_instantiate(res, root_inode); else iput(root_inode); } return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_make_root); static struct dentry *__d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *res; unsigned add_flags; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); res = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); dput(dentry); goto out_iput; } /* attach a disconnected dentry */ add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); if (disconnected) add_flags |= DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); if (!disconnected) { hlist_bl_lock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_add_head(&dentry->d_hash, &dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_unlock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return dentry; out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } struct dentry *d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { return __d_instantiate_anon(dentry, inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_anon); static struct dentry *__d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *tmp; struct dentry *res; if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); res = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) goto out_iput; tmp = d_alloc_anon(inode->i_sb); if (!tmp) { res = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); goto out_iput; } return __d_instantiate_anon(tmp, inode, disconnected); out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } /** * d_obtain_alias - find or allocate a DISCONNECTED dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain a dentry for an inode resulting from NFS filehandle conversion or * similar open by handle operations. The returned dentry may be anonymous, * or may have a full name (if the inode was already in the cache). * * When called on a directory inode, we must ensure that the inode only ever * has one dentry. If a dentry is found, that is returned instead of * allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is released. * To make it easier to use in export operations a %NULL or IS_ERR inode may * be passed in and the error will be propagated to the return value, * with a %NULL @inode replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_alias); /** * d_obtain_root - find or allocate a dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain an IS_ROOT dentry for the root of a filesystem. * * We must ensure that directory inodes only ever have one dentry. If a * dentry is found, that is returned instead of allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is * released. A %NULL or IS_ERR inode may be passed in and will be the * error will be propagate to the return value, with a %NULL @inode * replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_root(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_root); /** * d_add_ci - lookup or allocate new dentry with case-exact name * @inode: the inode case-insensitive lookup has found * @dentry: the negative dentry that was passed to the parent's lookup func * @name: the case-exact name to be associated with the returned dentry * * This is to avoid filling the dcache with case-insensitive names to the * same inode, only the actual correct case is stored in the dcache for * case-insensitive filesystems. * * For a case-insensitive lookup match and if the the case-exact dentry * already exists in in the dcache, use it and return it. * * If no entry exists with the exact case name, allocate new dentry with * the exact case, and return the spliced entry. */ struct dentry *d_add_ci(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *found, *res; /* * First check if a dentry matching the name already exists, * if not go ahead and create it now. */ found = d_hash_and_lookup(dentry->d_parent, name); if (found) { iput(inode); return found; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { found = d_alloc_parallel(dentry->d_parent, name, dentry->d_wait); if (IS_ERR(found) || !d_in_lookup(found)) { iput(inode); return found; } } else { found = d_alloc(dentry->d_parent, name); if (!found) { iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } } res = d_splice_alias(inode, found); if (res) { dput(found); return res; } return found; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add_ci); static inline bool d_same_name(const struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { if (likely(!(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE))) { if (dentry->d_name.len != name->len) return false; return dentry_cmp(dentry, name->name, name->len) == 0; } return parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name, name) == 0; } /** * __d_lookup_rcu - search for a dentry (racy, store-free) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * @seqp: returns d_seq value at the point where the dentry was found * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup_rcu is the dcache lookup function for rcu-walk name * resolution (store-free path walking) design described in * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt. * * This is not to be used outside core vfs. * * __d_lookup_rcu must only be used in rcu-walk mode, ie. with vfsmount lock * held, and rcu_read_lock held. The returned dentry must not be stored into * without taking d_lock and checking d_seq sequence count against @seq * returned here. * * A refcount may be taken on the found dentry with the d_rcu_to_refcount * function. * * Alternatively, __d_lookup_rcu may be called again to look up the child of * the returned dentry, so long as its parent's seqlock is checked after the * child is looked up. Thus, an interlocking stepping of sequence lock checks * is formed, giving integrity down the path walk. * * NOTE! The caller *has* to check the resulting dentry against the sequence * number we've returned before using any of the resulting dentry state! */ struct dentry *__d_lookup_rcu(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, unsigned *seqp) { u64 hashlen = name->hash_len; const unsigned char *str = name->name; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hashlen_hash(hashlen)); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Carefully use d_seq when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid * races with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { unsigned seq; seqretry: /* * The dentry sequence count protects us from concurrent * renames, and thus protects parent and name fields. * * The caller must perform a seqcount check in order * to do anything useful with the returned dentry. * * NOTE! We do a "raw" seqcount_begin here. That means that * we don't wait for the sequence count to stabilize if it * is in the middle of a sequence change. If we do the slow * dentry compare, we will do seqretries until it is stable, * and if we end up with a successful lookup, we actually * want to exit RCU lookup anyway. * * Note that raw_seqcount_begin still *does* smp_rmb(), so * we are still guaranteed NUL-termination of ->d_name.name. */ seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) continue; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE)) { int tlen; const char *tname; if (dentry->d_name.hash != hashlen_hash(hashlen)) continue; tlen = dentry->d_name.len; tname = dentry->d_name.name; /* we want a consistent (name,len) pair */ if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) { cpu_relax(); goto seqretry; } if (parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, tlen, tname, name) != 0) continue; } else { if (dentry->d_name.hash_len != hashlen) continue; if (dentry_cmp(dentry, str, hashlen_len(hashlen)) != 0) continue; } *seqp = seq; return dentry; } return NULL; } /** * d_lookup - search for a dentry * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * d_lookup searches the children of the parent dentry for the name in * question. If the dentry is found its reference count is incremented and the * dentry is returned. The caller must use dput to free the entry when it has * finished using it. %NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist. */ struct dentry *d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name); if (dentry) break; } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_lookup); /** * __d_lookup - search for a dentry (racy) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup is like d_lookup, however it may (rarely) return a * false-negative result due to unrelated rename activity. * * __d_lookup is slightly faster by avoiding rename_lock read seqlock, * however it must be used carefully, eg. with a following d_lookup in * the case of failure. * * __d_lookup callers must be commented. */ struct dentry *__d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *found = NULL; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Take d_lock when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid races * with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) goto next; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) goto next; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) goto next; dentry->d_lockref.count++; found = dentry; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); break; next: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); return found; } /** * d_hash_and_lookup - hash the qstr then search for a dentry * @dir: Directory to search in * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * * On lookup failure NULL is returned; on bad name - ERR_PTR(-error) */ struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *dir, struct qstr *name) { /* * Check for a fs-specific hash function. Note that we must * calculate the standard hash first, as the d_op->d_hash() * routine may choose to leave the hash value unchanged. */ name->hash = full_name_hash(dir, name->name, name->len); if (dir->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = dir->d_op->d_hash(dir, name); if (unlikely(err < 0)) return ERR_PTR(err); } return d_lookup(dir, name); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_hash_and_lookup); /* * When a file is deleted, we have two options: * - turn this dentry into a negative dentry * - unhash this dentry and free it. * * Usually, we want to just turn this into * a negative dentry, but if anybody else is * currently using the dentry or the inode * we can't do that and we fall back on removing * it from the hash queues and waiting for * it to be deleted later when it has no users */ /** * d_delete - delete a dentry * @dentry: The dentry to delete * * Turn the dentry into a negative dentry if possible, otherwise * remove it from the hash queues so it can be deleted later */ void d_delete(struct dentry * dentry) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Are we the only user? */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT; dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); } else { __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_delete); static void __d_rehash(struct dentry *entry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(entry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&entry->d_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } /** * d_rehash - add an entry back to the hash * @entry: dentry to add to the hash * * Adds a dentry to the hash according to its name. */ void d_rehash(struct dentry * entry) { spin_lock(&entry->d_lock); __d_rehash(entry); spin_unlock(&entry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_rehash); static inline unsigned start_dir_add(struct inode *dir) { for (;;) { unsigned n = dir->i_dir_seq; if (!(n & 1) && cmpxchg(&dir->i_dir_seq, n, n + 1) == n) return n; cpu_relax(); } } static inline void end_dir_add(struct inode *dir, unsigned n) { smp_store_release(&dir->i_dir_seq, n + 2); } static void d_wait_lookup(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current); add_wait_queue(dentry->d_wait, &wait); do { set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); schedule(); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); } while (d_in_lookup(dentry)); } } struct dentry *d_alloc_parallel(struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, wait_queue_head_t *wq) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(parent, hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *new = d_alloc(parent, name); struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq, r_seq, d_seq; if (unlikely(!new)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); retry: rcu_read_lock(); seq = smp_load_acquire(&parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq); r_seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, name, &d_seq); if (unlikely(dentry)) { if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, d_seq)) { rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); dput(new); return dentry; } if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&rename_lock, r_seq))) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (unlikely(seq & 1)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } hlist_bl_lock(b); if (unlikely(READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq) != seq)) { hlist_bl_unlock(b); rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } /* * No changes for the parent since the beginning of d_lookup(). * Since all removals from the chain happen with hlist_bl_lock(), * any potential in-lookup matches are going to stay here until * we unlock the chain. All fields are stable in everything * we encounter. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry(dentry, node, b, d_u.d_in_lookup_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) continue; hlist_bl_unlock(b); /* now we can try to grab a reference */ if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* * somebody is likely to be still doing lookup for it; * wait for them to finish */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); d_wait_lookup(dentry); /* * it's not in-lookup anymore; in principle we should repeat * everything from dcache lookup, but it's likely to be what * d_lookup() would've found anyway. If it is, just return it; * otherwise we really have to repeat the whole thing. */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_name.hash != hash)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(dentry->d_parent != parent)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name))) goto mismatch; /* OK, it *is* a hashed match; return it */ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(new); return dentry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* we can't take ->d_lock here; it's OK, though. */ new->d_flags |= DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; new->d_wait = wq; hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&new->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); return new; mismatch: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(dentry); goto retry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_parallel); void __d_lookup_done(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(dentry->d_parent, dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash); wake_up_all(dentry->d_wait); dentry->d_wait = NULL; hlist_bl_unlock(b); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_lookup_done); /* inode->i_lock held if inode is non-NULL */ static inline void __d_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(dentry))) { dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(dentry); } if (inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); } __d_rehash(dentry); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /** * d_add - add dentry to hash queues * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to attach to this dentry * * This adds the entry to the hash queues and initializes @inode. * The entry was actually filled in earlier during d_alloc(). */ void d_add(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); } __d_add(entry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add); /** * d_exact_alias - find and hash an exact unhashed alias * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to go with this dentry * * If an unhashed dentry with the same name/parent and desired * inode already exists, hash and return it. Otherwise, return * NULL. * * Parent directory should be locked. */ struct dentry *d_exact_alias(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; unsigned int hash = entry->d_name.hash; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { /* * Don't need alias->d_lock here, because aliases with * d_parent == entry->d_parent are not subject to name or * parent changes, because the parent inode i_mutex is held. */ if (alias->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (alias->d_parent != entry->d_parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(alias, entry->d_parent, &entry->d_name)) continue; spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); alias = NULL; } else { __dget_dlock(alias); __d_rehash(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_exact_alias); static void swap_names(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * Both external: swap the pointers */ swap(target->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.name); } else { /* * dentry:internal, target:external. Steal target's * storage and make target internal. */ memcpy(target->d_iname, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = target->d_name.name; target->d_name.name = target->d_iname; } } else { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * dentry:external, target:internal. Give dentry's * storage to target and make dentry internal */ memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); target->d_name.name = dentry->d_name.name; dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; } else { /* * Both are internal. */ unsigned int i; BUILD_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(DNAME_INLINE_LEN, sizeof(long))); for (i = 0; i < DNAME_INLINE_LEN / sizeof(long); i++) { swap(((long *) &dentry->d_iname)[i], ((long *) &target->d_iname)[i]); } } } swap(dentry->d_name.hash_len, target->d_name.hash_len); } static void copy_name(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { struct external_name *old_name = NULL; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) old_name = external_name(dentry); if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(target)->u.count); dentry->d_name = target->d_name; } else { memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; dentry->d_name.hash_len = target->d_name.hash_len; } if (old_name && likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&old_name->u.count))) kfree_rcu(old_name, u.head); } /* * __d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * @exchange: exchange the two dentries * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. Caller must hold * rename_lock, the i_mutex of the source and target directories, * and the sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex if they differ. See lock_rename(). */ static void __d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target, bool exchange) { struct dentry *old_parent, *p; struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; WARN_ON(!dentry->d_inode); if (WARN_ON(dentry == target)) return; BUG_ON(d_ancestor(target, dentry)); old_parent = dentry->d_parent; p = d_ancestor(old_parent, target); if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) { BUG_ON(p); spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); } else if (!p) { /* target is not a descendent of dentry->d_parent */ spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&old_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } else { BUG_ON(p == dentry); spin_lock(&old_parent->d_lock); if (p != target) spin_lock_nested(&target->d_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, 2); spin_lock_nested(&target->d_lock, 3); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(target))) { dir = target->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(target); } write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); write_seqcount_begin_nested(&target->d_seq, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); /* unhash both */ if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) ___d_drop(dentry); if (!d_unhashed(target)) ___d_drop(target); /* ... and switch them in the tree */ dentry->d_parent = target->d_parent; if (!exchange) { copy_name(dentry, target); target->d_hash.pprev = NULL; dentry->d_parent->d_lockref.count++; if (dentry != old_parent) /* wasn't IS_ROOT */ WARN_ON(!--old_parent->d_lockref.count); } else { target->d_parent = old_parent; swap_names(dentry, target); list_move(&target->d_child, &target->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(target); fsnotify_update_flags(target); } list_move(&dentry->d_child, &dentry->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(dentry); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); fscrypt_handle_d_move(dentry); write_seqcount_end(&target->d_seq); write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); if (dentry->d_parent != old_parent) spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); if (dentry != old_parent) spin_unlock(&old_parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&target->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. See the locking * requirements for __d_move. */ void d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); __d_move(dentry, target, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_move); /* * d_exchange - exchange two dentries * @dentry1: first dentry * @dentry2: second dentry */ void d_exchange(struct dentry *dentry1, struct dentry *dentry2) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); WARN_ON(!dentry1->d_inode); WARN_ON(!dentry2->d_inode); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry1)); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry2)); __d_move(dentry1, dentry2, true); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } /** * d_ancestor - search for an ancestor * @p1: ancestor dentry * @p2: child dentry * * Returns the ancestor dentry of p2 which is a child of p1, if p1 is * an ancestor of p2, else NULL. */ struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; for (p = p2; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { if (p->d_parent == p1) return p; } return NULL; } /* * This helper attempts to cope with remotely renamed directories * * It assumes that the caller is already holding * dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex, and rename_lock * * Note: If ever the locking in lock_rename() changes, then please * remember to update this too... */ static int __d_unalias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *alias) { struct mutex *m1 = NULL; struct rw_semaphore *m2 = NULL; int ret = -ESTALE; /* If alias and dentry share a parent, then no extra locks required */ if (alias->d_parent == dentry->d_parent) goto out_unalias; /* See lock_rename() */ if (!mutex_trylock(&dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex)) goto out_err; m1 = &dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex; if (!inode_trylock_shared(alias->d_parent->d_inode)) goto out_err; m2 = &alias->d_parent->d_inode->i_rwsem; out_unalias: __d_move(alias, dentry, false); ret = 0; out_err: if (m2) up_read(m2); if (m1) mutex_unlock(m1); return ret; } /** * d_splice_alias - splice a disconnected dentry into the tree if one exists * @inode: the inode which may have a disconnected dentry * @dentry: a negative dentry which we want to point to the inode. * * If inode is a directory and has an IS_ROOT alias, then d_move that in * place of the given dentry and return it, else simply d_add the inode * to the dentry and return NULL. * * If a non-IS_ROOT directory is found, the filesystem is corrupt, and * we should error out: directories can't have multiple aliases. * * This is needed in the lookup routine of any filesystem that is exportable * (via knfsd) so that we can build dcache paths to directories effectively. * * If a dentry was found and moved, then it is returned. Otherwise NULL * is returned. This matches the expected return value of ->lookup. * * Cluster filesystems may call this function with a negative, hashed dentry. * In that case, we know that the inode will be a regular file, and also this * will only occur during atomic_open. So we need to check for the dentry * being already hashed only in the final case. */ struct dentry *d_splice_alias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); BUG_ON(!d_unhashed(dentry)); if (!inode) goto out; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { struct dentry *new = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (unlikely(new)) { /* The reference to new ensures it remains an alias */ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); write_seqlock(&rename_lock); if (unlikely(d_ancestor(new, dentry))) { write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); pr_warn_ratelimited( "VFS: Lookup of '%s' in %s %s" " would have caused loop\n", dentry->d_name.name, inode->i_sb->s_type->name, inode->i_sb->s_id); } else if (!IS_ROOT(new)) { struct dentry *old_parent = dget(new->d_parent); int err = __d_unalias(inode, dentry, new); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); if (err) { dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(err); } dput(old_parent); } else { __d_move(new, dentry, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } iput(inode); return new; } } out: __d_add(dentry, inode); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_splice_alias); /* * Test whether new_dentry is a subdirectory of old_dentry. * * Trivially implemented using the dcache structure */ /** * is_subdir - is new dentry a subdirectory of old_dentry * @new_dentry: new dentry * @old_dentry: old dentry * * Returns true if new_dentry is a subdirectory of the parent (at any depth). * Returns false otherwise. * Caller must ensure that "new_dentry" is pinned before calling is_subdir() */ bool is_subdir(struct dentry *new_dentry, struct dentry *old_dentry) { bool result; unsigned seq; if (new_dentry == old_dentry) return true; do { /* for restarting inner loop in case of seq retry */ seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); /* * Need rcu_readlock to protect against the d_parent trashing * due to d_move */ rcu_read_lock(); if (d_ancestor(old_dentry, new_dentry)) result = true; else result = false; rcu_read_unlock(); } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_subdir); static enum d_walk_ret d_genocide_kill(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *root = data; if (dentry != root) { if (d_unhashed(dentry) || !dentry->d_inode) return D_WALK_SKIP; if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_GENOCIDE)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_GENOCIDE; dentry->d_lockref.count--; } } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } void d_genocide(struct dentry *parent) { d_walk(parent, parent, d_genocide_kill); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_genocide); void d_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { inode_dec_link_count(inode); BUG_ON(dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname || !hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias) || !d_unlinked(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); dentry->d_name.len = sprintf(dentry->d_iname, "#%llu", (unsigned long long)inode->i_ino); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_tmpfile); static __initdata unsigned long dhash_entries; static int __init set_dhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; dhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("dhash_entries=", set_dhash_entries); static void __init dcache_init_early(void) { /* If hashes are distributed across NUMA nodes, defer * hash allocation until vmalloc space is available. */ if (hashdist) return; dentry_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache", sizeof(struct hlist_bl_head), dhash_entries, 13, HASH_EARLY | HASH_ZERO, &d_hash_shift, NULL, 0, 0); d_hash_shift = 32 - d_hash_shift; } static void __init dcache_init(void) { /* * A constructor could be added for stable state like the lists, * but it is probably not worth it because of the cache nature * of the dcache. */ dentry_cache = KMEM_CACHE_USERCOPY(dentry, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_MEM_SPREAD|SLAB_ACCOUNT, d_iname); /* Hash may have been set up in dcache_init_early */ if (!hashdist) return; dentry_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache", sizeof(struct hlist_bl_head), dhash_entries, 13, HASH_ZERO, &d_hash_shift, NULL, 0, 0); d_hash_shift = 32 - d_hash_shift; } /* SLAB cache for __getname() consumers */ struct kmem_cache *names_cachep __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(names_cachep); void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(in_lookup_hashtable); i++) INIT_HLIST_BL_HEAD(&in_lookup_hashtable[i]); dcache_init_early(); inode_init_early(); } void __init vfs_caches_init(void) { names_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("names_cache", PATH_MAX, 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, 0, PATH_MAX, NULL); dcache_init(); inode_init(); files_init(); files_maxfiles_init(); mnt_init(); bdev_cache_init(); chrdev_init(); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #define __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <asm/uaccess.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SET_FS /* * Force the uaccess routines to be wired up for actual userspace access, * overriding any possible set_fs(KERNEL_DS) still lingering around. Undone * using force_uaccess_end below. */ static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { mm_segment_t fs = get_fs(); set_fs(USER_DS); return fs; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { set_fs(oldfs); } #else /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ typedef struct { /* empty dummy */ } mm_segment_t; #ifndef TASK_SIZE_MAX #define TASK_SIZE_MAX TASK_SIZE #endif #define uaccess_kernel() (false) #define user_addr_max() (TASK_SIZE_MAX) static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { return (mm_segment_t) { }; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ /* * Architectures should provide two primitives (raw_copy_{to,from}_user()) * and get rid of their private instances of copy_{to,from}_user() and * __copy_{to,from}_user{,_inatomic}(). * * raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) should copy up to size bytes and * return the amount left to copy. They should assume that access_ok() has * already been checked (and succeeded); they should *not* zero-pad anything. * No KASAN or object size checks either - those belong here. * * Both of these functions should attempt to copy size bytes starting at from * into the area starting at to. They must not fetch or store anything * outside of those areas. Return value must be between 0 (everything * copied successfully) and size (nothing copied). * * If raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) returns N, size - N bytes starting * at to must become equal to the bytes fetched from the corresponding area * starting at from. All data past to + size - N must be left unmodified. * * If copying succeeds, the return value must be 0. If some data cannot be * fetched, it is permitted to copy less than had been fetched; the only * hard requirement is that not storing anything at all (i.e. returning size) * should happen only when nothing could be copied. In other words, you don't * have to squeeze as much as possible - it is allowed, but not necessary. * * For raw_copy_from_user() to always points to kernel memory and no faults * on store should happen. Interpretation of from is affected by set_fs(). * For raw_copy_to_user() it's the other way round. * * Both can be inlined - it's up to architectures whether it wants to bother * with that. They should not be used directly; they are used to implement * the 6 functions (copy_{to,from}_user(), __copy_{to,from}_user_inatomic()) * that are used instead. Out of those, __... ones are inlined. Plain * copy_{to,from}_user() might or might not be inlined. If you want them * inlined, have asm/uaccess.h define INLINE_COPY_{TO,FROM}_USER. * * NOTE: only copy_from_user() zero-pads the destination in case of short copy. * Neither __copy_from_user() nor __copy_from_user_inatomic() zero anything * at all; their callers absolutely must check the return value. * * Biarch ones should also provide raw_copy_in_user() - similar to the above, * but both source and destination are __user pointers (affected by set_fs() * as usual) and both source and destination can trigger faults. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } /** * __copy_to_user_inatomic: - Copy a block of data into user space, with less checking. * @to: Destination address, in user space. * @from: Source address, in kernel space. * @n: Number of bytes to copy. * * Context: User context only. * * Copy data from kernel space to user space. Caller must check * the specified block with access_ok() before calling this function. * The caller should also make sure he pins the user space address * so that we don't result in page fault and sleep. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user_inatomic(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } #ifdef INLINE_COPY_FROM_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { unsigned long res = n; might_fault(); if (!should_fail_usercopy() && likely(access_ok(from, n))) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); res = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } if (unlikely(res)) memset(to + (n - res), 0, res); return res; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *, const void __user *, unsigned long); #endif #ifdef INLINE_COPY_TO_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *, const void *, unsigned long); #endif static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(to, n, false))) n = _copy_from_user(to, from, n); return n; } static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(from, n, true))) n = _copy_to_user(to, from, n); return n; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_in_user(void __user *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (access_ok(to, n) && access_ok(from, n)) n = raw_copy_in_user(to, from, n); return n; } #endif #ifndef copy_mc_to_kernel /* * Without arch opt-in this generic copy_mc_to_kernel() will not handle * #MC (or arch equivalent) during source read. */ static inline unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); return 0; } #endif static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_inc(void) { current->pagefault_disabled++; } static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_dec(void) { current->pagefault_disabled--; } /* * These routines enable/disable the pagefault handler. If disabled, it will * not take any locks and go straight to the fixup table. * * User access methods will not sleep when called from a pagefault_disabled() * environment. */ static inline void pagefault_disable(void) { pagefault_disabled_inc(); /* * make sure to have issued the store before a pagefault * can hit. */ barrier(); } static inline void pagefault_enable(void) { /* * make sure to issue those last loads/stores before enabling * the pagefault handler again. */ barrier(); pagefault_disabled_dec(); } /* * Is the pagefault handler disabled? If so, user access methods will not sleep. */ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void) { return current->pagefault_disabled != 0; } /* * The pagefault handler is in general disabled by pagefault_disable() or * when in irq context (via in_atomic()). * * This function should only be used by the fault handlers. Other users should * stick to pagefault_disabled(). * Please NEVER use preempt_disable() to disable the fault handler. With * !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT, this is like a NOP. So the handler won't be disabled. * in_atomic() will report different values based on !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT. */ #define faulthandler_disabled() (pagefault_disabled() || in_atomic()) #ifndef ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS static inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { return __copy_from_user_inatomic(to, from, n); } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS */ extern __must_check int check_zeroed_user(const void __user *from, size_t size); /** * copy_struct_from_user: copy a struct from userspace * @dst: Destination address, in kernel space. This buffer must be @ksize * bytes long. * @ksize: Size of @dst struct. * @src: Source address, in userspace. * @usize: (Alleged) size of @src struct. * * Copies a struct from userspace to kernel space, in a way that guarantees * backwards-compatibility for struct syscall arguments (as long as future * struct extensions are made such that all new fields are *appended* to the * old struct, and zeroed-out new fields have the same meaning as the old * struct). * * @ksize is just sizeof(*dst), and @usize should've been passed by userspace. * The recommended usage is something like the following: * * SYSCALL_DEFINE2(foobar, const struct foo __user *, uarg, size_t, usize) * { * int err; * struct foo karg = {}; * * if (usize > PAGE_SIZE) * return -E2BIG; * if (usize < FOO_SIZE_VER0) * return -EINVAL; * * err = copy_struct_from_user(&karg, sizeof(karg), uarg, usize); * if (err) * return err; * * // ... * } * * There are three cases to consider: * * If @usize == @ksize, then it's copied verbatim. * * If @usize < @ksize, then the userspace has passed an old struct to a * newer kernel. The rest of the trailing bytes in @dst (@ksize - @usize) * are to be zero-filled. * * If @usize > @ksize, then the userspace has passed a new struct to an * older kernel. The trailing bytes unknown to the kernel (@usize - @ksize) * are checked to ensure they are zeroed, otherwise -E2BIG is returned. * * Returns (in all cases, some data may have been copied): * * -E2BIG: (@usize > @ksize) and there are non-zero trailing bytes in @src. * * -EFAULT: access to userspace failed. */ static __always_inline __must_check int copy_struct_from_user(void *dst, size_t ksize, const void __user *src, size_t usize) { size_t size = min(ksize, usize); size_t rest = max(ksize, usize) - size; /* Deal with trailing bytes. */ if (usize < ksize) { memset(dst + size, 0, rest); } else if (usize > ksize) { int ret = check_zeroed_user(src + size, rest); if (ret <= 0) return ret ?: -E2BIG; } /* Copy the interoperable parts of the struct. */ if (copy_from_user(dst, src, size)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } bool copy_from_kernel_nofault_allowed(const void *unsafe_src, size_t size); long copy_from_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long copy_from_user_nofault(void *dst, const void __user *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_user_nofault(void __user *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long strncpy_from_kernel_nofault(char *dst, const void *unsafe_addr, long count); long strncpy_from_user_nofault(char *dst, const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); long strnlen_user_nofault(const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); /** * get_kernel_nofault(): safely attempt to read from a location * @val: read into this variable * @ptr: address to read from * * Returns 0 on success, or -EFAULT. */ #define get_kernel_nofault(val, ptr) ({ \ const typeof(val) *__gk_ptr = (ptr); \ copy_from_kernel_nofault(&(val), __gk_ptr, sizeof(val));\ }) #ifndef user_access_begin #define user_access_begin(ptr,len) access_ok(ptr, len) #define user_access_end() do { } while (0) #define unsafe_op_wrap(op, err) do { if (unlikely(op)) goto err; } while (0) #define unsafe_get_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__get_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_put_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__put_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_copy_to_user(d,s,l,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__copy_to_user(d,s,l),e) static inline unsigned long user_access_save(void) { return 0UL; } static inline void user_access_restore(unsigned long flags) { } #endif #ifndef user_write_access_begin #define user_write_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_write_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifndef user_read_access_begin #define user_read_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_read_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY void usercopy_warn(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); void __noreturn usercopy_abort(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); #endif #endif /* __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
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4546 4547 4548 4549 4550 4551 4552 4553 4554 4555 4556 4557 4558 4559 4560 4561 4562 4563 4564 4565 4566 4567 4568 4569 4570 4571 4572 4573 4574 4575 4576 4577 4578 4579 4580 4581 4582 4583 4584 4585 4586 4587 4588 4589 4590 4591 4592 4593 4594 4595 4596 4597 4598 4599 4600 4601 4602 4603 4604 4605 4606 4607 4608 4609 4610 4611 4612 4613 4614 4615 4616 4617 4618 4619 4620 4621 4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 4643 4644 4645 4646 4647 4648 4649 4650 4651 4652 4653 4654 4655 4656 4657 4658 4659 4660 4661 4662 4663 4664 4665 4666 4667 4668 4669 4670 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * Some corrections by tytso. */ /* [Feb 1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Complete rewrite of the pathname * lookup logic. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000, AV] Rewrite to the new namespace architecture. */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/device_cgroup.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" /* [Feb-1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] * Fundamental changes in the pathname lookup mechanisms (namei) * were necessary because of omirr. The reason is that omirr needs * to know the _real_ pathname, not the user-supplied one, in case * of symlinks (and also when transname replacements occur). * * The new code replaces the old recursive symlink resolution with * an iterative one (in case of non-nested symlink chains). It does * this with calls to <fs>_follow_link(). * As a side effect, dir_namei(), _namei() and follow_link() are now * replaced with a single function lookup_dentry() that can handle all * the special cases of the former code. * * With the new dcache, the pathname is stored at each inode, at least as * long as the refcount of the inode is positive. As a side effect, the * size of the dcache depends on the inode cache and thus is dynamic. * * [29-Apr-1998 C. Scott Ananian] Updated above description of symlink * resolution to correspond with current state of the code. * * Note that the symlink resolution is not *completely* iterative. * There is still a significant amount of tail- and mid- recursion in * the algorithm. Also, note that <fs>_readlink() is not used in * lookup_dentry(): lookup_dentry() on the result of <fs>_readlink() * may return different results than <fs>_follow_link(). Many virtual * filesystems (including /proc) exhibit this behavior. */ /* [24-Feb-97 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Side effects caused by new implementation: * New symlink semantics: when open() is called with flags O_CREAT | O_EXCL * and the name already exists in form of a symlink, try to create the new * name indicated by the symlink. The old code always complained that the * name already exists, due to not following the symlink even if its target * is nonexistent. The new semantics affects also mknod() and link() when * the name is a symlink pointing to a non-existent name. * * I don't know which semantics is the right one, since I have no access * to standards. But I found by trial that HP-UX 9.0 has the full "new" * semantics implemented, while SunOS 4.1.1 and Solaris (SunOS 5.4) have the * "old" one. Personally, I think the new semantics is much more logical. * Note that "ln old new" where "new" is a symlink pointing to a non-existing * file does succeed in both HP-UX and SunOs, but not in Solaris * and in the old Linux semantics. */ /* [16-Dec-97 Kevin Buhr] For security reasons, we change some symlink * semantics. See the comments in "open_namei" and "do_link" below. * * [10-Sep-98 Alan Modra] Another symlink change. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000 AV] Complete rewrite. Rules for symlinks: * inside the path - always follow. * in the last component in creation/removal/renaming - never follow. * if LOOKUP_FOLLOW passed - follow. * if the pathname has trailing slashes - follow. * otherwise - don't follow. * (applied in that order). * * [Jun 2000 AV] Inconsistent behaviour of open() in case if flags==O_CREAT * restored for 2.4. This is the last surviving part of old 4.2BSD bug. * During the 2.4 we need to fix the userland stuff depending on it - * hopefully we will be able to get rid of that wart in 2.5. So far only * XEmacs seems to be relying on it... */ /* * [Sep 2001 AV] Single-semaphore locking scheme (kudos to David Holland) * implemented. Let's see if raised priority of ->s_vfs_rename_mutex gives * any extra contention... */ /* In order to reduce some races, while at the same time doing additional * checking and hopefully speeding things up, we copy filenames to the * kernel data space before using them.. * * POSIX.1 2.4: an empty pathname is invalid (ENOENT). * PATH_MAX includes the nul terminator --RR. */ #define EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX (PATH_MAX - offsetof(struct filename, iname)) struct filename * getname_flags(const char __user *filename, int flags, int *empty) { struct filename *result; char *kname; int len; result = audit_reusename(filename); if (result) return result; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * First, try to embed the struct filename inside the names_cache * allocation */ kname = (char *)result->iname; result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } /* * Uh-oh. We have a name that's approaching PATH_MAX. Allocate a * separate struct filename so we can dedicate the entire * names_cache allocation for the pathname, and re-do the copy from * userland. */ if (unlikely(len == EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX)) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); kname = (char *)result; /* * size is chosen that way we to guarantee that * result->iname[0] is within the same object and that * kname can't be equal to result->iname, no matter what. */ result = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!result)) { __putname(kname); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, PATH_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } if (unlikely(len == PATH_MAX)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } } result->refcnt = 1; /* The empty path is special. */ if (unlikely(!len)) { if (empty) *empty = 1; if (!(flags & LOOKUP_EMPTY)) { putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } } result->uptr = filename; result->aname = NULL; audit_getname(result); return result; } struct filename * getname(const char __user * filename) { return getname_flags(filename, 0, NULL); } struct filename * getname_kernel(const char * filename) { struct filename *result; int len = strlen(filename) + 1; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (len <= EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX) { result->name = (char *)result->iname; } else if (len <= PATH_MAX) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); struct filename *tmp; tmp = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!tmp)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } tmp->name = (char *)result; result = tmp; } else { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } memcpy((char *)result->name, filename, len); result->uptr = NULL; result->aname = NULL; result->refcnt = 1; audit_getname(result); return result; } void putname(struct filename *name) { BUG_ON(name->refcnt <= 0); if (--name->refcnt > 0) return; if (name->name != name->iname) { __putname(name->name); kfree(name); } else __putname(name); } static int check_acl(struct inode *inode, int mask) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *acl; if (mask & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) { acl = get_cached_acl_rcu(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (!acl) return -EAGAIN; /* no ->get_acl() calls in RCU mode... */ if (is_uncached_acl(acl)) return -ECHILD; return posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask); } acl = get_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (IS_ERR(acl)) return PTR_ERR(acl); if (acl) { int error = posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask); posix_acl_release(acl); return error; } #endif return -EAGAIN; } /* * This does the basic UNIX permission checking. * * Note that the POSIX ACL check cares about the MAY_NOT_BLOCK bit, * for RCU walking. */ static int acl_permission_check(struct inode *inode, int mask) { unsigned int mode = inode->i_mode; /* Are we the owner? If so, ACL's don't matter */ if (likely(uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid))) { mask &= 7; mode >>= 6; return (mask & ~mode) ? -EACCES : 0; } /* Do we have ACL's? */ if (IS_POSIXACL(inode) && (mode & S_IRWXG)) { int error = check_acl(inode, mask); if (error != -EAGAIN) return error; } /* Only RWX matters for group/other mode bits */ mask &= 7; /* * Are the group permissions different from * the other permissions in the bits we care * about? Need to check group ownership if so. */ if (mask & (mode ^ (mode >> 3))) { if (in_group_p(inode->i_gid)) mode >>= 3; } /* Bits in 'mode' clear that we require? */ return (mask & ~mode) ? -EACCES : 0; } /** * generic_permission - check for access rights on a Posix-like filesystem * @inode: inode to check access rights for * @mask: right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC, * %MAY_NOT_BLOCK ...) * * Used to check for read/write/execute permissions on a file. * We use "fsuid" for this, letting us set arbitrary permissions * for filesystem access without changing the "normal" uids which * are used for other things. * * generic_permission is rcu-walk aware. It returns -ECHILD in case an rcu-walk * request cannot be satisfied (eg. requires blocking or too much complexity). * It would then be called again in ref-walk mode. */ int generic_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int ret; /* * Do the basic permission checks. */ ret = acl_permission_check(inode, mask); if (ret != -EACCES) return ret; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { /* DACs are overridable for directories */ if (!(mask & MAY_WRITE)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } /* * Searching includes executable on directories, else just read. */ mask &= MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC; if (mask == MAY_READ) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; /* * Read/write DACs are always overridable. * Executable DACs are overridable when there is * at least one exec bit set. */ if (!(mask & MAY_EXEC) || (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_permission); /* * We _really_ want to just do "generic_permission()" without * even looking at the inode->i_op values. So we keep a cache * flag in inode->i_opflags, that says "this has not special * permission function, use the fast case". */ static inline int do_inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_FASTPERM))) { if (likely(inode->i_op->permission)) return inode->i_op->permission(inode, mask); /* This gets set once for the inode lifetime */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_opflags |= IOP_FASTPERM; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return generic_permission(inode, mask); } /** * sb_permission - Check superblock-level permissions * @sb: Superblock of inode to check permission on * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Separate out file-system wide checks from inode-specific permission checks. */ static int sb_permission(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Nobody gets write access to a read-only fs. */ if (sb_rdonly(sb) && (S_ISREG(mode) || S_ISDIR(mode) || S_ISLNK(mode))) return -EROFS; } return 0; } /** * inode_permission - Check for access rights to a given inode * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Check for read/write/execute permissions on an inode. We use fs[ug]id for * this, letting us set arbitrary permissions for filesystem access without * changing the "normal" UIDs which are used for other things. * * When checking for MAY_APPEND, MAY_WRITE must also be set in @mask. */ int inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int retval; retval = sb_permission(inode->i_sb, inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { /* * Nobody gets write access to an immutable file. */ if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating mtime will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to be * written back improperly if their true value is unknown * to the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EACCES; } retval = do_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; retval = devcgroup_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; return security_inode_permission(inode, mask); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(inode_permission); /** * path_get - get a reference to a path * @path: path to get the reference to * * Given a path increment the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_get(const struct path *path) { mntget(path->mnt); dget(path->dentry); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_get); /** * path_put - put a reference to a path * @path: path to put the reference to * * Given a path decrement the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_put(const struct path *path) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_put); #define EMBEDDED_LEVELS 2 struct nameidata { struct path path; struct qstr last; struct path root; struct inode *inode; /* path.dentry.d_inode */ unsigned int flags; unsigned seq, m_seq, r_seq; int last_type; unsigned depth; int total_link_count; struct saved { struct path link; struct delayed_call done; const char *name; unsigned seq; } *stack, internal[EMBEDDED_LEVELS]; struct filename *name; struct nameidata *saved; unsigned root_seq; int dfd; kuid_t dir_uid; umode_t dir_mode; } __randomize_layout; static void set_nameidata(struct nameidata *p, int dfd, struct filename *name) { struct nameidata *old = current->nameidata; p->stack = p->internal; p->dfd = dfd; p->name = name; p->total_link_count = old ? old->total_link_count : 0; p->saved = old; current->nameidata = p; } static void restore_nameidata(void) { struct nameidata *now = current->nameidata, *old = now->saved; current->nameidata = old; if (old) old->total_link_count = now->total_link_count; if (now->stack != now->internal) kfree(now->stack); } static bool nd_alloc_stack(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *p; p= kmalloc_array(MAXSYMLINKS, sizeof(struct saved), nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU ? GFP_ATOMIC : GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!p)) return false; memcpy(p, nd->internal, sizeof(nd->internal)); nd->stack = p; return true; } /** * path_connected - Verify that a dentry is below mnt.mnt_root * * Rename can sometimes move a file or directory outside of a bind * mount, path_connected allows those cases to be detected. */ static bool path_connected(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; /* Bind mounts can have disconnected paths */ if (mnt->mnt_root == sb->s_root) return true; return is_subdir(dentry, mnt->mnt_root); } static void drop_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i = nd->depth; while (i--) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; do_delayed_call(&last->done); clear_delayed_call(&last->done); } } static void terminate_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { drop_links(nd); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { int i; path_put(&nd->path); for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) path_put(&nd->stack[i].link); if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED) { path_put(&nd->root); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } else { nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; rcu_read_unlock(); } nd->depth = 0; } /* path_put is needed afterwards regardless of success or failure */ static bool __legitimize_path(struct path *path, unsigned seq, unsigned mseq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(path->mnt, mseq); if (unlikely(res)) { if (res > 0) path->mnt = NULL; path->dentry = NULL; return false; } if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&path->dentry->d_lockref))) { path->dentry = NULL; return false; } return !read_seqcount_retry(&path->dentry->d_seq, seq); } static inline bool legitimize_path(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, unsigned seq) { return __legitimize_path(path, seq, nd->m_seq); } static bool legitimize_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &last->link, last->seq))) { drop_links(nd); nd->depth = i + 1; return false; } } return true; } static bool legitimize_root(struct nameidata *nd) { /* * For scoped-lookups (where nd->root has been zeroed), we need to * restart the whole lookup from scratch -- because set_root() is wrong * for these lookups (nd->dfd is the root, not the filesystem root). */ if (!nd->root.mnt && (nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) return false; /* Nothing to do if nd->root is zero or is managed by the VFS user. */ if (!nd->root.mnt || (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT)) return true; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; return legitimize_path(nd, &nd->root, nd->root_seq); } /* * Path walking has 2 modes, rcu-walk and ref-walk (see * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt). In situations when we can't * continue in RCU mode, we attempt to drop out of rcu-walk mode and grab * normal reference counts on dentries and vfsmounts to transition to ref-walk * mode. Refcounts are grabbed at the last known good point before rcu-walk * got stuck, so ref-walk may continue from there. If this is not successful * (eg. a seqcount has changed), then failure is returned and it's up to caller * to restart the path walk from the beginning in ref-walk mode. */ /** * try_to_unlazy - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * Returns: true on success, false on failure * * try_to_unlazy attempts to legitimize the current nd->path and nd->root * for ref-walk mode. * Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between try_to_unlazy() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static bool try_to_unlazy(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out1; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &nd->path, nd->seq))) goto out; if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out; rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(nd->inode != parent->d_inode); return true; out1: nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } /** * unlazy_child - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * @dentry: child of nd->path.dentry * @seq: seq number to check dentry against * Returns: 0 on success, -ECHILD on failure * * unlazy_child attempts to legitimize the current nd->path, nd->root and dentry * for ref-walk mode. @dentry must be a path found by a do_lookup call on * @nd. Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between unlazy_child() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static int unlazy_child(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned seq) { BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!legitimize_mnt(nd->path.mnt, nd->m_seq))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&nd->path.dentry->d_lockref))) goto out1; /* * We need to move both the parent and the dentry from the RCU domain * to be properly refcounted. And the sequence number in the dentry * validates *both* dentry counters, since we checked the sequence * number of the parent after we got the child sequence number. So we * know the parent must still be valid if the child sequence number is */ if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref))) goto out; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) goto out_dput; /* * Sequence counts matched. Now make sure that the root is * still valid and get it if required. */ if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out_dput; rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; out2: nd->path.mnt = NULL; out1: nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return -ECHILD; out_dput: rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); return -ECHILD; } static inline int d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE)) return dentry->d_op->d_revalidate(dentry, flags); else return 1; } /** * complete_walk - successful completion of path walk * @nd: pointer nameidata * * If we had been in RCU mode, drop out of it and legitimize nd->path. * Revalidate the final result, unless we'd already done that during * the path walk or the filesystem doesn't ask for it. Return 0 on * success, -error on failure. In case of failure caller does not * need to drop nd->path. */ static int complete_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *dentry = nd->path.dentry; int status; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { /* * We don't want to zero nd->root for scoped-lookups or * externally-managed nd->root. */ if (!(nd->flags & (LOOKUP_ROOT | LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED))) nd->root.mnt = NULL; if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return -ECHILD; } if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) { /* * While the guarantee of LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED is (roughly) "don't * ever step outside the root during lookup" and should already * be guaranteed by the rest of namei, we want to avoid a namei * BUG resulting in userspace being given a path that was not * scoped within the root at some point during the lookup. * * So, do a final sanity-check to make sure that in the * worst-case scenario (a complete bypass of LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED) * we won't silently return an fd completely outside of the * requested root to userspace. * * Userspace could move the path outside the root after this * check, but as discussed elsewhere this is not a concern (the * resolved file was inside the root at some point). */ if (!path_is_under(&nd->path, &nd->root)) return -EXDEV; } if (likely(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_JUMPED))) return 0; if (likely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE))) return 0; status = dentry->d_op->d_weak_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (status > 0) return 0; if (!status) status = -ESTALE; return status; } static int set_root(struct nameidata *nd) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; /* * Jumping to the real root in a scoped-lookup is a BUG in namei, but we * still have to ensure it doesn't happen because it will cause a breakout * from the dirfd. */ if (WARN_ON(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) return -ENOTRECOVERABLE; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->root = fs->root; nd->root_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->root.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_root(fs, &nd->root); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } return 0; } static int nd_jump_root(struct nameidata *nd) { if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return -EXDEV; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) { /* Absolute path arguments to path_init() are allowed. */ if (nd->path.mnt != NULL && nd->path.mnt != nd->root.mnt) return -EXDEV; } if (!nd->root.mnt) { int error = set_root(nd); if (error) return error; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct dentry *d; nd->path = nd->root; d = nd->path.dentry; nd->inode = d->d_inode; nd->seq = nd->root_seq; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&d->d_seq, nd->seq))) return -ECHILD; } else { path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = nd->root; path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; return 0; } /* * Helper to directly jump to a known parsed path from ->get_link, * caller must have taken a reference to path beforehand. */ int nd_jump_link(struct path *path) { int error = -ELOOP; struct nameidata *nd = current->nameidata; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS)) goto err; error = -EXDEV; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) { if (nd->path.mnt != path->mnt) goto err; } /* Not currently safe for scoped-lookups. */ if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) goto err; path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = *path; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; return 0; err: path_put(path); return error; } static inline void put_link(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + --nd->depth; do_delayed_call(&last->done); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) path_put(&last->link); } int sysctl_protected_symlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_hardlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_fifos __read_mostly; int sysctl_protected_regular __read_mostly; /** * may_follow_link - Check symlink following for unsafe situations * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * * In the case of the sysctl_protected_symlinks sysctl being enabled, * CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE needs to be specifically ignored if the symlink is * in a sticky world-writable directory. This is to protect privileged * processes from failing races against path names that may change out * from under them by way of other users creating malicious symlinks. * It will permit symlinks to be followed only when outside a sticky * world-writable directory, or when the uid of the symlink and follower * match, or when the directory owner matches the symlink's owner. * * Returns 0 if following the symlink is allowed, -ve on error. */ static inline int may_follow_link(struct nameidata *nd, const struct inode *inode) { if (!sysctl_protected_symlinks) return 0; /* Allowed if owner and follower match. */ if (uid_eq(current_cred()->fsuid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory not sticky and world-writable. */ if ((nd->dir_mode & (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) != (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory and link owner match. */ if (uid_valid(nd->dir_uid) && uid_eq(nd->dir_uid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) return -ECHILD; audit_inode(nd->name, nd->stack[0].link.dentry, 0); audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_LINK, "follow_link"); return -EACCES; } /** * safe_hardlink_source - Check for safe hardlink conditions * @inode: the source inode to hardlink from * * Return false if at least one of the following conditions: * - inode is not a regular file * - inode is setuid * - inode is setgid and group-exec * - access failure for read and write * * Otherwise returns true. */ static bool safe_hardlink_source(struct inode *inode) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Special files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (!S_ISREG(mode)) return false; /* Setuid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (mode & S_ISUID) return false; /* Executable setgid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if ((mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) return false; /* Hardlinking to unreadable or unwritable sources is dangerous. */ if (inode_permission(inode, MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE)) return false; return true; } /** * may_linkat - Check permissions for creating a hardlink * @link: the source to hardlink from * * Block hardlink when all of: * - sysctl_protected_hardlinks enabled * - fsuid does not match inode * - hardlink source is unsafe (see safe_hardlink_source() above) * - not CAP_FOWNER in a namespace with the inode owner uid mapped * * Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int may_linkat(struct path *link) { struct inode *inode = link->dentry->d_inode; /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; if (!sysctl_protected_hardlinks) return 0; /* Source inode owner (or CAP_FOWNER) can hardlink all they like, * otherwise, it must be a safe source. */ if (safe_hardlink_source(inode) || inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return 0; audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_LINK, "linkat"); return -EPERM; } /** * may_create_in_sticky - Check whether an O_CREAT open in a sticky directory * should be allowed, or not, on files that already * exist. * @dir_mode: mode bits of directory * @dir_uid: owner of directory * @inode: the inode of the file to open * * Block an O_CREAT open of a FIFO (or a regular file) when: * - sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is enabled * - the file already exists * - we are in a sticky directory * - we don't own the file * - the owner of the directory doesn't own the file * - the directory is world writable * If the sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is set to 2 * the directory doesn't have to be world writable: being group writable will * be enough. * * Returns 0 if the open is allowed, -ve on error. */ static int may_create_in_sticky(umode_t dir_mode, kuid_t dir_uid, struct inode * const inode) { if ((!sysctl_protected_fifos && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (!sysctl_protected_regular && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) || likely(!(dir_mode & S_ISVTX)) || uid_eq(inode->i_uid, dir_uid) || uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (likely(dir_mode & 0002) || (dir_mode & 0020 && ((sysctl_protected_fifos >= 2 && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (sysctl_protected_regular >= 2 && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))))) { const char *operation = S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode) ? "sticky_create_fifo" : "sticky_create_regular"; audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_CREAT, operation); return -EACCES; } return 0; } /* * follow_up - Find the mountpoint of path's vfsmount * * Given a path, find the mountpoint of its source file system. * Replace @path with the path of the mountpoint in the parent mount. * Up is towards /. * * Return 1 if we went up a level and 0 if we were already at the * root. */ int follow_up(struct path *path) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *parent; struct dentry *mountpoint; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); parent = mnt->mnt_parent; if (parent == mnt) { read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return 0; } mntget(&parent->mnt); mountpoint = dget(mnt->mnt_mountpoint); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); dput(path->dentry); path->dentry = mountpoint; mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &parent->mnt; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_up); static bool choose_mountpoint_rcu(struct mount *m, const struct path *root, struct path *path, unsigned *seqp) { while (mnt_has_parent(m)) { struct dentry *mountpoint = m->mnt_mountpoint; m = m->mnt_parent; if (unlikely(root->dentry == mountpoint && root->mnt == &m->mnt)) break; if (mountpoint != m->mnt.mnt_root) { path->mnt = &m->mnt; path->dentry = mountpoint; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&mountpoint->d_seq); return true; } } return false; } static bool choose_mountpoint(struct mount *m, const struct path *root, struct path *path) { bool found; rcu_read_lock(); while (1) { unsigned seq, mseq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); found = choose_mountpoint_rcu(m, root, path, &seq); if (unlikely(!found)) { if (!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, mseq)) break; } else { if (likely(__legitimize_path(path, seq, mseq))) break; rcu_read_unlock(); path_put(path); rcu_read_lock(); } } rcu_read_unlock(); return found; } /* * Perform an automount * - return -EISDIR to tell follow_managed() to stop and return the path we * were called with. */ static int follow_automount(struct path *path, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; /* We don't want to mount if someone's just doing a stat - * unless they're stat'ing a directory and appended a '/' to * the name. * * We do, however, want to mount if someone wants to open or * create a file of any type under the mountpoint, wants to * traverse through the mountpoint or wants to open the * mounted directory. Also, autofs may mark negative dentries * as being automount points. These will need the attentions * of the daemon to instantiate them before they can be used. */ if (!(lookup_flags & (LOOKUP_PARENT | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY | LOOKUP_OPEN | LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT)) && dentry->d_inode) return -EISDIR; if (count && (*count)++ >= MAXSYMLINKS) return -ELOOP; return finish_automount(dentry->d_op->d_automount(path), path); } /* * mount traversal - out-of-line part. One note on ->d_flags accesses - * dentries are pinned but not locked here, so negative dentry can go * positive right under us. Use of smp_load_acquire() provides a barrier * sufficient for ->d_inode and ->d_flags consistency. */ static int __traverse_mounts(struct path *path, unsigned flags, bool *jumped, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; bool need_mntput = false; int ret = 0; while (flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY) { /* Allow the filesystem to manage the transit without i_mutex * being held. */ if (flags & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) { ret = path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, false); flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); if (ret < 0) break; } if (flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { // something's mounted on it.. struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { // ... in our namespace dput(path->dentry); if (need_mntput) mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); // here we know it's positive flags = path->dentry->d_flags; need_mntput = true; continue; } } if (!(flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT)) break; // uncovered automount point ret = follow_automount(path, count, lookup_flags); flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); if (ret < 0) break; } if (ret == -EISDIR) ret = 0; // possible if you race with several mount --move if (need_mntput && path->mnt == mnt) mntput(path->mnt); if (!ret && unlikely(d_flags_negative(flags))) ret = -ENOENT; *jumped = need_mntput; return ret; } static inline int traverse_mounts(struct path *path, bool *jumped, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { unsigned flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); /* fastpath */ if (likely(!(flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY))) { *jumped = false; if (unlikely(d_flags_negative(flags))) return -ENOENT; return 0; } return __traverse_mounts(path, flags, jumped, count, lookup_flags); } int follow_down_one(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mounted; mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); return 1; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down_one); /* * Follow down to the covering mount currently visible to userspace. At each * point, the filesystem owning that dentry may be queried as to whether the * caller is permitted to proceed or not. */ int follow_down(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; bool jumped; int ret = traverse_mounts(path, &jumped, NULL, 0); if (path->mnt != mnt) mntput(mnt); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down); /* * Try to skip to top of mountpoint pile in rcuwalk mode. Fail if * we meet a managed dentry that would need blocking. */ static bool __follow_mount_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; unsigned int flags = dentry->d_flags; if (likely(!(flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY))) return true; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return false; for (;;) { /* * Don't forget we might have a non-mountpoint managed dentry * that wants to block transit. */ if (unlikely(flags & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT)) { int res = dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, true); if (res) return res == -EISDIR; flags = dentry->d_flags; } if (flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { struct mount *mounted = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry); if (mounted) { path->mnt = &mounted->mnt; dentry = path->dentry = mounted->mnt.mnt_root; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); *inode = dentry->d_inode; /* * We don't need to re-check ->d_seq after this * ->d_inode read - there will be an RCU delay * between mount hash removal and ->mnt_root * becoming unpinned. */ flags = dentry->d_flags; continue; } if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq)) return false; } return !(flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT); } } static inline int handle_mounts(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned int *seqp) { bool jumped; int ret; path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; path->dentry = dentry; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned int seq = *seqp; if (unlikely(!*inode)) return -ENOENT; if (likely(__follow_mount_rcu(nd, path, inode, seqp))) return 0; if (unlazy_child(nd, dentry, seq)) return -ECHILD; // *path might've been clobbered by __follow_mount_rcu() path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; path->dentry = dentry; } ret = traverse_mounts(path, &jumped, &nd->total_link_count, nd->flags); if (jumped) { if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) ret = -EXDEV; else nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } if (unlikely(ret)) { dput(path->dentry); if (path->mnt != nd->path.mnt) mntput(path->mnt); } else { *inode = d_backing_inode(path->dentry); *seqp = 0; /* out of RCU mode, so the value doesn't matter */ } return ret; } /* * This looks up the name in dcache and possibly revalidates the found dentry. * NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist in the cache. */ static struct dentry *lookup_dcache(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = d_lookup(dir, name); if (dentry) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(error); } } return dentry; } /* * Parent directory has inode locked exclusive. This is one * and only case when ->lookup() gets called on non in-lookup * dentries - as the matter of fact, this only gets called * when directory is guaranteed to have no in-lookup children * at all. */ static struct dentry *__lookup_hash(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *base, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = lookup_dcache(name, base, flags); struct dentry *old; struct inode *dir = base->d_inode; if (dentry) return dentry; /* Don't create child dentry for a dead directory. */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); dentry = d_alloc(base, name); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); old = dir->i_op->lookup(dir, dentry, flags); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } return dentry; } static struct dentry *lookup_fast(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *dentry, *parent = nd->path.dentry; int status = 1; /* * Rename seqlock is not required here because in the off chance * of a false negative due to a concurrent rename, the caller is * going to fall back to non-racy lookup. */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, &nd->last, &seq); if (unlikely(!dentry)) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return NULL; } /* * This sequence count validates that the inode matches * the dentry name information from lookup. */ *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); /* * This sequence count validates that the parent had no * changes while we did the lookup of the dentry above. * * The memory barrier in read_seqcount_begin of child is * enough, we can use __read_seqcount_retry here. */ if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&parent->d_seq, nd->seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); *seqp = seq; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(status > 0)) return dentry; if (unlazy_child(nd, dentry, seq)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(status == -ECHILD)) /* we'd been told to redo it in non-rcu mode */ status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } else { dentry = __d_lookup(parent, &nd->last); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return NULL; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } if (unlikely(status <= 0)) { if (!status) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(status); } return dentry; } /* Fast lookup failed, do it the slow way */ static struct dentry *__lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry, *old; struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); /* Don't go there if it's already dead */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(inode))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); again: dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, name, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return dentry; if (unlikely(!d_in_lookup(dentry))) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) { d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); goto again; } dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); } } else { old = inode->i_op->lookup(inode, dentry, flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } } return dentry; } static struct dentry *lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; struct dentry *res; inode_lock_shared(inode); res = __lookup_slow(name, dir, flags); inode_unlock_shared(inode); return res; } static inline int may_lookup(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { int err = inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC|MAY_NOT_BLOCK); if (err != -ECHILD || !try_to_unlazy(nd)) return err; } return inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC); } static int reserve_stack(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *link, unsigned seq) { if (unlikely(nd->total_link_count++ >= MAXSYMLINKS)) return -ELOOP; if (likely(nd->depth != EMBEDDED_LEVELS)) return 0; if (likely(nd->stack != nd->internal)) return 0; if (likely(nd_alloc_stack(nd))) return 0; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { // we need to grab link before we do unlazy. And we can't skip // unlazy even if we fail to grab the link - cleanup needs it bool grabbed_link = legitimize_path(nd, link, seq); if (!try_to_unlazy(nd) != 0 || !grabbed_link) return -ECHILD; if (nd_alloc_stack(nd)) return 0; } return -ENOMEM; } enum {WALK_TRAILING = 1, WALK_MORE = 2, WALK_NOFOLLOW = 4}; static const char *pick_link(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *link, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq, int flags) { struct saved *last; const char *res; int error = reserve_stack(nd, link, seq); if (unlikely(error)) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) path_put(link); return ERR_PTR(error); } last = nd->stack + nd->depth++; last->link = *link; clear_delayed_call(&last->done); last->seq = seq; if (flags & WALK_TRAILING) { error = may_follow_link(nd, inode); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); } if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS) || unlikely(link->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW)) return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { touch_atime(&last->link); cond_resched(); } else if (atime_needs_update(&last->link, inode)) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); touch_atime(&last->link); } error = security_inode_follow_link(link->dentry, inode, nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); res = READ_ONCE(inode->i_link); if (!res) { const char * (*get)(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); get = inode->i_op->get_link; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { res = get(NULL, inode, &last->done); if (res == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD) && try_to_unlazy(nd)) res = get(link->dentry, inode, &last->done); } else { res = get(link->dentry, inode, &last->done); } if (!res) goto all_done; if (IS_ERR(res)) return res; } if (*res == '/') { error = nd_jump_root(nd); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); while (unlikely(*++res == '/')) ; } if (*res) return res; all_done: // pure jump put_link(nd); return NULL; } /* * Do we need to follow links? We _really_ want to be able * to do this check without having to look at inode->i_op, * so we keep a cache of "no, this doesn't need follow_link" * for the common case. */ static const char *step_into(struct nameidata *nd, int flags, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq) { struct path path; int err = handle_mounts(nd, dentry, &path, &inode, &seq); if (err < 0) return ERR_PTR(err); if (likely(!d_is_symlink(path.dentry)) || ((flags & WALK_TRAILING) && !(nd->flags & LOOKUP_FOLLOW)) || (flags & WALK_NOFOLLOW)) { /* not a symlink or should not follow */ if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { dput(nd->path.dentry); if (nd->path.mnt != path.mnt) mntput(nd->path.mnt); } nd->path = path; nd->inode = inode; nd->seq = seq; return NULL; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { /* make sure that d_is_symlink above matches inode */ if (read_seqcount_retry(&path.dentry->d_seq, seq)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } else { if (path.mnt == nd->path.mnt) mntget(path.mnt); } return pick_link(nd, &path, inode, seq, flags); } static struct dentry *follow_dotdot_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inodep, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *parent, *old; if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->path.dentry == nd->path.mnt->mnt_root)) { struct path path; unsigned seq; if (!choose_mountpoint_rcu(real_mount(nd->path.mnt), &nd->root, &path, &seq)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); nd->path = path; nd->inode = path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = seq; if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); /* we know that mountpoint was pinned */ } old = nd->path.dentry; parent = old->d_parent; *inodep = parent->d_inode; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&parent->d_seq); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&old->d_seq, nd->seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(!path_connected(nd->path.mnt, parent))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return parent; in_root: if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return NULL; } static struct dentry *follow_dotdot(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inodep, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *parent; if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->path.dentry == nd->path.mnt->mnt_root)) { struct path path; if (!choose_mountpoint(real_mount(nd->path.mnt), &nd->root, &path)) goto in_root; path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = path; nd->inode = path.dentry->d_inode; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return ERR_PTR(-EXDEV); } /* rare case of legitimate dget_parent()... */ parent = dget_parent(nd->path.dentry); if (unlikely(!path_connected(nd->path.mnt, parent))) { dput(parent); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } *seqp = 0; *inodep = parent->d_inode; return parent; in_root: if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return ERR_PTR(-EXDEV); dget(nd->path.dentry); return NULL; } static const char *handle_dots(struct nameidata *nd, int type) { if (type == LAST_DOTDOT) { const char *error = NULL; struct dentry *parent; struct inode *inode; unsigned seq; if (!nd->root.mnt) { error = ERR_PTR(set_root(nd)); if (error) return error; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) parent = follow_dotdot_rcu(nd, &inode, &seq); else parent = follow_dotdot(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(parent)) return ERR_CAST(parent); if (unlikely(!parent)) error = step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, nd->path.dentry, nd->inode, nd->seq); else error = step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, parent, inode, seq); if (unlikely(error)) return error; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) { /* * If there was a racing rename or mount along our * path, then we can't be sure that ".." hasn't jumped * above nd->root (and so userspace should retry or use * some fallback). */ smp_rmb(); if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&mount_lock.seqcount, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN); if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&rename_lock.seqcount, nd->r_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN); } } return NULL; } static const char *walk_component(struct nameidata *nd, int flags) { struct dentry *dentry; struct inode *inode; unsigned seq; /* * "." and ".." are special - ".." especially so because it has * to be able to know about the current root directory and * parent relationships. */ if (unlikely(nd->last_type != LAST_NORM)) { if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); return handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); } dentry = lookup_fast(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (unlikely(!dentry)) { dentry = lookup_slow(&nd->last, nd->path.dentry, nd->flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); } if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); return step_into(nd, flags, dentry, inode, seq); } /* * We can do the critical dentry name comparison and hashing * operations one word at a time, but we are limited to: * * - Architectures with fast unaligned word accesses. We could * do a "get_unaligned()" if this helps and is sufficiently * fast. * * - non-CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC configurations (so that we * do not trap on the (extremely unlikely) case of a page * crossing operation. * * - Furthermore, we need an efficient 64-bit compile for the * 64-bit case in order to generate the "number of bytes in * the final mask". Again, that could be replaced with a * efficient population count instruction or similar. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> #ifdef HASH_MIX /* Architecture provides HASH_MIX and fold_hash() in <asm/hash.h> */ #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) /* * Register pressure in the mixing function is an issue, particularly * on 32-bit x86, but almost any function requires one state value and * one temporary. Instead, use a function designed for two state values * and no temporaries. * * This function cannot create a collision in only two iterations, so * we have two iterations to achieve avalanche. In those two iterations, * we have six layers of mixing, which is enough to spread one bit's * influence out to 2^6 = 64 state bits. * * Rotate constants are scored by considering either 64 one-bit input * deltas or 64*63/2 = 2016 two-bit input deltas, and finding the * probability of that delta causing a change to each of the 128 output * bits, using a sample of random initial states. * * The Shannon entropy of the computed probabilities is then summed * to produce a score. Ideally, any input change has a 50% chance of * toggling any given output bit. * * Mixing scores (in bits) for (12,45): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 713.3 42542.6 * 2 rounds: 2753.7 140389.8 * 3 rounds: 5954.1 233458.2 * 4 rounds: 7862.6 256672.2 * Perfect: 8192 258048 * (64*128) (64*63/2 * 128) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol64(x,12),\ x += y, y = rol64(y,45),\ y *= 9 ) /* * Fold two longs into one 32-bit hash value. This must be fast, but * latency isn't quite as critical, as there is a fair bit of additional * work done before the hash value is used. */ static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { y ^= x * GOLDEN_RATIO_64; y *= GOLDEN_RATIO_64; return y >> 32; } #else /* 32-bit case */ /* * Mixing scores (in bits) for (7,20): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 330.3 9201.6 * 2 rounds: 1246.4 25475.4 * 3 rounds: 1907.1 31295.1 * 4 rounds: 2042.3 31718.6 * Perfect: 2048 31744 * (32*64) (32*31/2 * 64) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol32(x, 7),\ x += y, y = rol32(y,20),\ y *= 9 ) static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { /* Use arch-optimized multiply if one exists */ return __hash_32(y ^ __hash_32(x)); } #endif /* * Return the hash of a string of known length. This is carfully * designed to match hash_name(), which is the more critical function. * In particular, we must end by hashing a final word containing 0..7 * payload bytes, to match the way that hash_name() iterates until it * finds the delimiter after the name. */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long a, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; for (;;) { if (!len) goto done; a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name); if (len < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; HASH_MIX(x, y, a); name += sizeof(unsigned long); len -= sizeof(unsigned long); } x ^= a & bytemask_from_count(len); done: return fold_hash(x, y); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); } while (!has_zero(a, &adata, &constants)); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * Calculate the length and hash of the path component, and * return the "hash_len" as the result. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, b, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, bdata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); b = a ^ REPEAT_BYTE('/'); } while (!(has_zero(a, &adata, &constants) | has_zero(b, &bdata, &constants))); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); bdata = prep_zero_mask(b, bdata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata | bdata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } #else /* !CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS: Slow, byte-at-a-time version */ /* Return the hash of a string of known length */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); while (len--) hash = partial_name_hash((unsigned char)*name++, hash); return end_name_hash(hash); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; while (c) { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * We know there's a real path component here of at least * one character. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; do { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } while (c && c != '/'); return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } #endif /* * Name resolution. * This is the basic name resolution function, turning a pathname into * the final dentry. We expect 'base' to be positive and a directory. * * Returns 0 and nd will have valid dentry and mnt on success. * Returns error and drops reference to input namei data on failure. */ static int link_path_walk(const char *name, struct nameidata *nd) { int depth = 0; // depth <= nd->depth int err; nd->last_type = LAST_ROOT; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_PARENT; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); while (*name=='/') name++; if (!*name) return 0; /* At this point we know we have a real path component. */ for(;;) { const char *link; u64 hash_len; int type; err = may_lookup(nd); if (err) return err; hash_len = hash_name(nd->path.dentry, name); type = LAST_NORM; if (name[0] == '.') switch (hashlen_len(hash_len)) { case 2: if (name[1] == '.') { type = LAST_DOTDOT; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } break; case 1: type = LAST_DOT; } if (likely(type == LAST_NORM)) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_JUMPED; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH)) { struct qstr this = { { .hash_len = hash_len }, .name = name }; err = parent->d_op->d_hash(parent, &this); if (err < 0) return err; hash_len = this.hash_len; name = this.name; } } nd->last.hash_len = hash_len; nd->last.name = name; nd->last_type = type; name += hashlen_len(hash_len); if (!*name) goto OK; /* * If it wasn't NUL, we know it was '/'. Skip that * slash, and continue until no more slashes. */ do { name++; } while (unlikely(*name == '/')); if (unlikely(!*name)) { OK: /* pathname or trailing symlink, done */ if (!depth) { nd->dir_uid = nd->inode->i_uid; nd->dir_mode = nd->inode->i_mode; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT; return 0; } /* last component of nested symlink */ name = nd->stack[--depth].name; link = walk_component(nd, 0); } else { /* not the last component */ link = walk_component(nd, WALK_MORE); } if (unlikely(link)) { if (IS_ERR(link)) return PTR_ERR(link); /* a symlink to follow */ nd->stack[depth++].name = name; name = link; continue; } if (unlikely(!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry))) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return -ECHILD; } return -ENOTDIR; } } } /* must be paired with terminate_walk() */ static const char *path_init(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags) { int error; const char *s = nd->name->name; if (!*s) flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) rcu_read_lock(); nd->flags = flags | LOOKUP_JUMPED; nd->depth = 0; nd->m_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&mount_lock.seqcount); nd->r_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&rename_lock.seqcount); smp_rmb(); if (flags & LOOKUP_ROOT) { struct dentry *root = nd->root.dentry; struct inode *inode = root->d_inode; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(root))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); nd->path = nd->root; nd->inode = inode; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); nd->root_seq = nd->seq; } else { path_get(&nd->path); } return s; } nd->root.mnt = NULL; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; /* Absolute pathname -- fetch the root (LOOKUP_IN_ROOT uses nd->dfd). */ if (*s == '/' && !(flags & LOOKUP_IN_ROOT)) { error = nd_jump_root(nd); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); return s; } /* Relative pathname -- get the starting-point it is relative to. */ if (nd->dfd == AT_FDCWD) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->path = fs->pwd; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_pwd(current->fs, &nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } } else { /* Caller must check execute permissions on the starting path component */ struct fd f = fdget_raw(nd->dfd); struct dentry *dentry; if (!f.file) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(dentry))) { fdput(f); return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); } nd->path = f.file->f_path; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } else { path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } fdput(f); } /* For scoped-lookups we need to set the root to the dirfd as well. */ if (flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED) { nd->root = nd->path; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->root_seq = nd->seq; } else { path_get(&nd->root); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } return s; } static inline const char *lookup_last(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->last_type == LAST_NORM && nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; return walk_component(nd, WALK_TRAILING); } static int handle_lookup_down(struct nameidata *nd) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) dget(nd->path.dentry); return PTR_ERR(step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, nd->path.dentry, nd->inode, nd->seq)); } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_lookupat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err; if (unlikely(flags & LOOKUP_DOWN) && !IS_ERR(s)) { err = handle_lookup_down(nd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) s = ERR_PTR(err); } while (!(err = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (s = lookup_last(nd)) != NULL) ; if (!err && unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT)) { err = handle_lookup_down(nd); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_JUMPED; // no d_weak_revalidate(), please... } if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err && nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) if (!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) err = -ENOTDIR; if (!err) { *path = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } int filename_lookup(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, struct path *root) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); if (unlikely(root)) { nd.root = *root; flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT; } set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, path); if (likely(!retval)) audit_inode(name, path->dentry, flags & LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT ? AUDIT_INODE_NOEVAL : 0); restore_nameidata(); putname(name); return retval; } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_parentat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *parent) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err = link_path_walk(s, nd); if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err) { *parent = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } static struct filename *filename_parentat(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *parent, struct qstr *last, int *type) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return name; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, parent); if (likely(!retval)) { *last = nd.last; *type = nd.last_type; audit_inode(name, parent->dentry, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); } else { putname(name); name = ERR_PTR(retval); } restore_nameidata(); return name; } /* does lookup, returns the object with parent locked */ struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *name, struct path *path) { struct filename *filename; struct dentry *d; struct qstr last; int type; filename = filename_parentat(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), 0, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) { path_put(path); putname(filename); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); d = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, 0); if (IS_ERR(d)) { inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); } putname(filename); return d; } int kern_path(const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path); /** * vfs_path_lookup - lookup a file path relative to a dentry-vfsmount pair * @dentry: pointer to dentry of the base directory * @mnt: pointer to vfs mount of the base directory * @name: pointer to file name * @flags: lookup flags * @path: pointer to struct path to fill */ int vfs_path_lookup(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { struct path root = {.mnt = mnt, .dentry = dentry}; /* the first argument of filename_lookup() is ignored with root */ return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags , path, &root); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_path_lookup); static int lookup_one_len_common(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len, struct qstr *this) { this->name = name; this->len = len; this->hash = full_name_hash(base, name, len); if (!len) return -EACCES; if (unlikely(name[0] == '.')) { if (len < 2 || (len == 2 && name[1] == '.')) return -EACCES; } while (len--) { unsigned int c = *(const unsigned char *)name++; if (c == '/' || c == '\0') return -EACCES; } /* * See if the low-level filesystem might want * to use its own hash.. */ if (base->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = base->d_op->d_hash(base, this); if (err < 0) return err; } return inode_permission(base->d_inode, MAY_EXEC); } /** * try_lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Look up a dentry by name in the dcache, returning NULL if it does not * currently exist. The function does not try to create a dentry. * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct dentry *dentry; struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); dentry = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); return dentry ? dentry : __lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len_unlocked - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * Unlike lookup_one_len, it should be called without the parent * i_mutex held, and will take the i_mutex itself if necessary. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; struct dentry *ret; err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); ret = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); if (!ret) ret = lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len_unlocked); /* * Like lookup_one_len_unlocked(), except that it yields ERR_PTR(-ENOENT) * on negatives. Returns known positive or ERR_PTR(); that's what * most of the users want. Note that pinned negative with unlocked parent * _can_ become positive at any time, so callers of lookup_one_len_unlocked() * need to be very careful; pinned positives have ->d_inode stable, so * this one avoids such problems. */ struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct dentry *ret = lookup_one_len_unlocked(name, base, len); if (!IS_ERR(ret) && d_flags_negative(smp_load_acquire(&ret->d_flags))) { dput(ret); ret = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_positive_unlocked); #ifdef CONFIG_UNIX98_PTYS int path_pts(struct path *path) { /* Find something mounted on "pts" in the same directory as * the input path. */ struct dentry *parent = dget_parent(path->dentry); struct dentry *child; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT("pts", 3); if (unlikely(!path_connected(path->mnt, parent))) { dput(parent); return -ENOENT; } dput(path->dentry); path->dentry = parent; child = d_hash_and_lookup(parent, &this); if (!child) return -ENOENT; path->dentry = child; dput(parent); follow_down(path); return 0; } #endif int user_path_at_empty(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, int *empty) { return filename_lookup(dfd, getname_flags(name, flags, empty), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_at_empty); int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { kuid_t fsuid = current_fsuid(); if (uid_eq(inode->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; if (uid_eq(dir->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; return !capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_FOWNER); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__check_sticky); /* * Check whether we can remove a link victim from directory dir, check * whether the type of victim is right. * 1. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 2. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 3. We can't remove anything from append-only dir * 4. We can't do anything with immutable dir (done in permission()) * 5. If the sticky bit on dir is set we should either * a. be owner of dir, or * b. be owner of victim, or * c. have CAP_FOWNER capability * 6. If the victim is append-only or immutable we can't do antyhing with * links pointing to it. * 7. If the victim has an unknown uid or gid we can't change the inode. * 8. If we were asked to remove a directory and victim isn't one - ENOTDIR. * 9. If we were asked to remove a non-directory and victim isn't one - EISDIR. * 10. We can't remove a root or mountpoint. * 11. We don't allow removal of NFS sillyrenamed files; it's handled by * nfs_async_unlink(). */ static int may_delete(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *victim, bool isdir) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(victim); int error; if (d_is_negative(victim)) return -ENOENT; BUG_ON(!inode); BUG_ON(victim->d_parent->d_inode != dir); /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; audit_inode_child(dir, victim, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_DELETE); error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; if (IS_APPEND(dir)) return -EPERM; if (check_sticky(dir, inode) || IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_SWAPFILE(inode) || HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (isdir) { if (!d_is_dir(victim)) return -ENOTDIR; if (IS_ROOT(victim)) return -EBUSY; } else if (d_is_dir(victim)) return -EISDIR; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; if (victim->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED) return -EBUSY; return 0; } /* Check whether we can create an object with dentry child in directory * dir. * 1. We can't do it if child already exists (open has special treatment for * this case, but since we are inlined it's OK) * 2. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 3. We can't do it if the fs can't represent the fsuid or fsgid. * 4. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 5. We can't do it if dir is immutable (done in permission()) */ static inline int may_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *child) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; audit_inode_child(dir, child, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (child->d_inode) return -EEXIST; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; s_user_ns = dir->i_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; return inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); } /* * p1 and p2 should be directories on the same fs. */ struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; if (p1 == p2) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); return NULL; } mutex_lock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); p = d_ancestor(p2, p1); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } p = d_ancestor(p1, p2); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT2); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lock_rename); void unlock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { inode_unlock(p1->d_inode); if (p1 != p2) { inode_unlock(p2->d_inode); mutex_unlock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_rename); int vfs_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, bool want_excl) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->create) return -EACCES; /* shouldn't it be ENOSYS? */ mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->create(dir, dentry, mode, want_excl); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *arg) { struct inode *dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = f(dentry, mode, arg); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkobj); bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path) { return !(path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV) && !(path->mnt->mnt_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_NODEV); } static int may_open(const struct path *path, int acc_mode, int flag) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFLNK: return -ELOOP; case S_IFDIR: if (acc_mode & MAY_WRITE) return -EISDIR; if (acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) return -EACCES; break; case S_IFBLK: case S_IFCHR: if (!may_open_dev(path)) return -EACCES; fallthrough; case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: if (acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) return -EACCES; flag &= ~O_TRUNC; break; case S_IFREG: if ((acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) && path_noexec(path)) return -EACCES; break; } error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_OPEN | acc_mode); if (error) return error; /* * An append-only file must be opened in append mode for writing. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode)) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY && !(flag & O_APPEND)) return -EPERM; if (flag & O_TRUNC) return -EPERM; } /* O_NOATIME can only be set by the owner or superuser */ if (flag & O_NOATIME && !inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return -EPERM; return 0; } static int handle_truncate(struct file *filp) { const struct path *path = &filp->f_path; struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; int error = get_write_access(inode); if (error) return error; /* * Refuse to truncate files with mandatory locks held on them. */ error = locks_verify_locked(filp); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(path); if (!error) { error = do_truncate(path->dentry, 0, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME|ATTR_OPEN, filp); } put_write_access(inode); return error; } static inline int open_to_namei_flags(int flag) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) == 3) flag--; return flag; } static int may_o_create(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; int error = security_path_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, 0); if (error) return error; s_user_ns = dir->dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; error = inode_permission(dir->dentry->d_inode, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; return security_inode_create(dir->dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); } /* * Attempt to atomically look up, create and open a file from a negative * dentry. * * Returns 0 if successful. The file will have been created and attached to * @file by the filesystem calling finish_open(). * * If the file was looked up only or didn't need creating, FMODE_OPENED won't * be set. The caller will need to perform the open themselves. @path will * have been updated to point to the new dentry. This may be negative. * * Returns an error code otherwise. */ static struct dentry *atomic_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, struct file *file, int open_flag, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *const DENTRY_NOT_SET = (void *) -1UL; struct inode *dir = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; int error; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) open_flag |= O_DIRECTORY; file->f_path.dentry = DENTRY_NOT_SET; file->f_path.mnt = nd->path.mnt; error = dir->i_op->atomic_open(dir, dentry, file, open_to_namei_flags(open_flag), mode); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (!error) { if (file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED) { if (unlikely(dentry != file->f_path.dentry)) { dput(dentry); dentry = dget(file->f_path.dentry); } } else if (WARN_ON(file->f_path.dentry == DENTRY_NOT_SET)) { error = -EIO; } else { if (file->f_path.dentry) { dput(dentry); dentry = file->f_path.dentry; } if (unlikely(d_is_negative(dentry))) error = -ENOENT; } } if (error) { dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); } return dentry; } /* * Look up and maybe create and open the last component. * * Must be called with parent locked (exclusive in O_CREAT case). * * Returns 0 on success, that is, if * the file was successfully atomically created (if necessary) and opened, or * the file was not completely opened at this time, though lookups and * creations were performed. * These case are distinguished by presence of FMODE_OPENED on file->f_mode. * In the latter case dentry returned in @path might be negative if O_CREAT * hadn't been specified. * * An error code is returned on failure. */ static struct dentry *lookup_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op, bool got_write) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; struct inode *dir_inode = dir->d_inode; int open_flag = op->open_flag; struct dentry *dentry; int error, create_error = 0; umode_t mode = op->mode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir_inode))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); file->f_mode &= ~FMODE_CREATED; dentry = d_lookup(dir, &nd->last); for (;;) { if (!dentry) { dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, &nd->last, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return dentry; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) break; error = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(error > 0)) break; if (error) goto out_dput; d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); dentry = NULL; } if (dentry->d_inode) { /* Cached positive dentry: will open in f_op->open */ return dentry; } /* * Checking write permission is tricky, bacuse we don't know if we are * going to actually need it: O_CREAT opens should work as long as the * file exists. But checking existence breaks atomicity. The trick is * to check access and if not granted clear O_CREAT from the flags. * * Another problem is returing the "right" error value (e.g. for an * O_EXCL open we want to return EEXIST not EROFS). */ if (unlikely(!got_write)) open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { if (open_flag & O_EXCL) open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; if (!IS_POSIXACL(dir->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); if (likely(got_write)) create_error = may_o_create(&nd->path, dentry, mode); else create_error = -EROFS; } if (create_error) open_flag &= ~O_CREAT; if (dir_inode->i_op->atomic_open) { dentry = atomic_open(nd, dentry, file, open_flag, mode); if (unlikely(create_error) && dentry == ERR_PTR(-ENOENT)) dentry = ERR_PTR(create_error); return dentry; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { struct dentry *res = dir_inode->i_op->lookup(dir_inode, dentry, nd->flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(res)) { if (IS_ERR(res)) { error = PTR_ERR(res); goto out_dput; } dput(dentry); dentry = res; } } /* Negative dentry, just create the file */ if (!dentry->d_inode && (open_flag & O_CREAT)) { file->f_mode |= FMODE_CREATED; audit_inode_child(dir_inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (!dir_inode->i_op->create) { error = -EACCES; goto out_dput; } error = dir_inode->i_op->create(dir_inode, dentry, mode, open_flag & O_EXCL); if (error) goto out_dput; } if (unlikely(create_error) && !dentry->d_inode) { error = create_error; goto out_dput; } return dentry; out_dput: dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(error); } static const char *open_last_lookups(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; int open_flag = op->open_flag; bool got_write = false; unsigned seq; struct inode *inode; struct dentry *dentry; const char *res; nd->flags |= op->intent; if (nd->last_type != LAST_NORM) { if (nd->depth) put_link(nd); return handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); } if (!(open_flag & O_CREAT)) { if (nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; /* we _can_ be in RCU mode here */ dentry = lookup_fast(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (likely(dentry)) goto finish_lookup; BUG_ON(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); } else { /* create side of things */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } audit_inode(nd->name, dir, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); /* trailing slashes? */ if (unlikely(nd->last.name[nd->last.len])) return ERR_PTR(-EISDIR); } if (open_flag & (O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_WRONLY | O_RDWR)) { got_write = !mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); /* * do _not_ fail yet - we might not need that or fail with * a different error; let lookup_open() decide; we'll be * dropping this one anyway. */ } if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_lock(dir->d_inode); else inode_lock_shared(dir->d_inode); dentry = lookup_open(nd, file, op, got_write); if (!IS_ERR(dentry) && (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) fsnotify_create(dir->d_inode, dentry); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_unlock(dir->d_inode); else inode_unlock_shared(dir->d_inode); if (got_write) mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (file->f_mode & (FMODE_OPENED | FMODE_CREATED)) { dput(nd->path.dentry); nd->path.dentry = dentry; return NULL; } finish_lookup: if (nd->depth) put_link(nd); res = step_into(nd, WALK_TRAILING, dentry, inode, seq); if (unlikely(res)) nd->flags &= ~(LOOKUP_OPEN|LOOKUP_CREATE|LOOKUP_EXCL); return res; } /* * Handle the last step of open() */ static int do_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op) { int open_flag = op->open_flag; bool do_truncate; int acc_mode; int error; if (!(file->f_mode & (FMODE_OPENED | FMODE_CREATED))) { error = complete_walk(nd); if (error) return error; } if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) audit_inode(nd->name, nd->path.dentry, 0); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { if ((open_flag & O_EXCL) && !(file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) return -EEXIST; if (d_is_dir(nd->path.dentry)) return -EISDIR; error = may_create_in_sticky(nd->dir_mode, nd->dir_uid, d_backing_inode(nd->path.dentry)); if (unlikely(error)) return error; } if ((nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) && !d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) return -ENOTDIR; do_truncate = false; acc_mode = op->acc_mode; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED) { /* Don't check for write permission, don't truncate */ open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; acc_mode = 0; } else if (d_is_reg(nd->path.dentry) && open_flag & O_TRUNC) { error = mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); if (error) return error; do_truncate = true; } error = may_open(&nd->path, acc_mode, open_flag); if (!error && !(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)) error = vfs_open(&nd->path, file); if (!error) error = ima_file_check(file, op->acc_mode); if (!error && do_truncate) error = handle_truncate(file); if (unlikely(error > 0)) { WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } if (do_truncate) mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); return error; } struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag) { struct dentry *child = NULL; struct inode *dir = dentry->d_inode; struct inode *inode; int error; /* we want directory to be writable */ error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) goto out_err; error = -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!dir->i_op->tmpfile) goto out_err; error = -ENOMEM; child = d_alloc(dentry, &slash_name); if (unlikely(!child)) goto out_err; error = dir->i_op->tmpfile(dir, child, mode); if (error) goto out_err; error = -ENOENT; inode = child->d_inode; if (unlikely(!inode)) goto out_err; if (!(open_flag & O_EXCL)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state |= I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } ima_post_create_tmpfile(inode); return child; out_err: dput(child); return ERR_PTR(error); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_tmpfile); static int do_tmpfile(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, const struct open_flags *op, struct file *file) { struct dentry *child; struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &path); if (unlikely(error)) return error; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (unlikely(error)) goto out; child = vfs_tmpfile(path.dentry, op->mode, op->open_flag); error = PTR_ERR(child); if (IS_ERR(child)) goto out2; dput(path.dentry); path.dentry = child; audit_inode(nd->name, child, 0); /* Don't check for other permissions, the inode was just created */ error = may_open(&path, 0, op->open_flag); if (error) goto out2; file->f_path.mnt = path.mnt; error = finish_open(file, child, NULL); out2: mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); out: path_put(&path); return error; } static int do_o_path(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct file *file) { struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags, &path); if (!error) { audit_inode(nd->name, path.dentry, 0); error = vfs_open(&path, file); path_put(&path); } return error; } static struct file *path_openat(struct nameidata *nd, const struct open_flags *op, unsigned flags) { struct file *file; int error; file = alloc_empty_file(op->open_flag, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; if (unlikely(file->f_flags & __O_TMPFILE)) { error = do_tmpfile(nd, flags, op, file); } else if (unlikely(file->f_flags & O_PATH)) { error = do_o_path(nd, flags, file); } else { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); while (!(error = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (s = open_last_lookups(nd, file, op)) != NULL) ; if (!error) error = do_open(nd, file, op); terminate_walk(nd); } if (likely(!error)) { if (likely(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)) return file; WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } fput(file); if (error == -EOPENSTALE) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) error = -ECHILD; else error = -ESTALE; } return ERR_PTR(error); } struct file *do_filp_open(int dfd, struct filename *pathname, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; int flags = op->lookup_flags; struct file *filp; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, pathname); filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); return filp; } struct file *do_file_open_root(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; struct file *file; struct filename *filename; int flags = op->lookup_flags | LOOKUP_ROOT; nd.root.mnt = mnt; nd.root.dentry = dentry; if (d_is_symlink(dentry) && op->intent & LOOKUP_OPEN) return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); filename = getname_kernel(name); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); set_nameidata(&nd, -1, filename); file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); putname(filename); return file; } static struct dentry *filename_create(int dfd, struct filename *name, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct dentry *dentry = ERR_PTR(-EEXIST); struct qstr last; int type; int err2; int error; bool is_dir = (lookup_flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY); /* * Note that only LOOKUP_REVAL and LOOKUP_DIRECTORY matter here. Any * other flags passed in are ignored! */ lookup_flags &= LOOKUP_REVAL; name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return ERR_CAST(name); /* * Yucky last component or no last component at all? * (foo/., foo/.., /////) */ if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) goto out; /* don't fail immediately if it's r/o, at least try to report other errors */ err2 = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); /* * Do the final lookup. */ lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_EXCL; inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto unlock; error = -EEXIST; if (d_is_positive(dentry)) goto fail; /* * Special case - lookup gave negative, but... we had foo/bar/ * From the vfs_mknod() POV we just have a negative dentry - * all is fine. Let's be bastards - you had / on the end, you've * been asking for (non-existent) directory. -ENOENT for you. */ if (unlikely(!is_dir && last.name[last.len])) { error = -ENOENT; goto fail; } if (unlikely(err2)) { error = err2; goto fail; } putname(name); return dentry; fail: dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); unlock: inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); if (!err2) mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); out: path_put(path); putname(name); return dentry; } struct dentry *kern_path_create(int dfd, const char *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname_kernel(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path_create); void done_path_create(struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry) { dput(dentry); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); path_put(path); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(done_path_create); inline struct dentry *user_path_create(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_create); int vfs_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t dev) { bool is_whiteout = S_ISCHR(mode) && dev == WHITEOUT_DEV; int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if ((S_ISCHR(mode) || S_ISBLK(mode)) && !is_whiteout && !capable(CAP_MKNOD)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->mknod) return -EPERM; error = devcgroup_inode_mknod(mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = security_inode_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mknod); static int may_mknod(umode_t mode) { switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFREG: case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: case 0: /* zero mode translates to S_IFREG */ return 0; case S_IFDIR: return -EPERM; default: return -EINVAL; } } static long do_mknodat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, umode_t mode, unsigned int dev) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; error = may_mknod(mode); if (error) return error; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, filename, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mknod(&path, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) goto out; switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case 0: case S_IFREG: error = vfs_create(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,true); if (!error) ima_post_path_mknod(dentry); break; case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode, new_decode_dev(dev)); break; case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,0); break; } out: done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(mknodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned int, dev) { return do_mknodat(dfd, filename, mode, dev); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mknod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned, dev) { return do_mknodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode, dev); } int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->mkdir) return -EPERM; mode &= (S_IRWXUGO|S_ISVTX); error = security_inode_mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; if (max_links && dir->i_nlink >= max_links) return -EMLINK; error = dir->i_op->mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (!error) fsnotify_mkdir(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkdir); static long do_mkdirat(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, pathname, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mkdir(&path, dentry, mode); if (!error) error = vfs_mkdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mkdirat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(dfd, pathname, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(mkdir, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(AT_FDCWD, pathname, mode); } int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 1); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->rmdir) return -EPERM; dget(dentry); inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) goto out; error = security_inode_rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); dentry->d_inode->i_flags |= S_DEAD; dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); fsnotify_rmdir(dir, dentry); out: inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); dput(dentry); if (!error) d_delete(dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rmdir); long do_rmdir(int dfd, struct filename *name) { int error = 0; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); switch (type) { case LAST_DOTDOT: error = -ENOTEMPTY; goto exit1; case LAST_DOT: error = -EINVAL; goto exit1; case LAST_ROOT: error = -EBUSY; goto exit1; } error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto exit2; if (!dentry->d_inode) { error = -ENOENT; goto exit3; } error = security_path_rmdir(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit3; error = vfs_rmdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry); exit3: dput(dentry); exit2: inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } putname(name); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(rmdir, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_rmdir(AT_FDCWD, getname(pathname)); } /** * vfs_unlink - unlink a filesystem object * @dir: parent directory * @dentry: victim * @delegated_inode: returns victim inode, if the inode is delegated. * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex. * * If vfs_unlink discovers a delegation, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and * return a reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller * should then break the delegation on that inode and retry. Because * breaking a delegation may take a long time, the caller should drop * dir->i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *target = dentry->d_inode; int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 0); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->unlink) return -EPERM; inode_lock(target); if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) error = -EBUSY; else { error = security_inode_unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); fsnotify_unlink(dir, dentry); } } } out: inode_unlock(target); /* We don't d_delete() NFS sillyrenamed files--they still exist. */ if (!error && !(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED)) { fsnotify_link_count(target); d_delete(dentry); } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_unlink); /* * Make sure that the actual truncation of the file will occur outside its * directory's i_mutex. Truncate can take a long time if there is a lot of * writeout happening, and we don't want to prevent access to the directory * while waiting on the I/O. */ long do_unlinkat(int dfd, struct filename *name) { int error; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; struct inode *inode = NULL; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); error = -EISDIR; if (type != LAST_NORM) goto exit1; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; retry_deleg: inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_ERR(dentry)) { /* Why not before? Because we want correct error value */ if (last.name[last.len]) goto slashes; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) goto slashes; ihold(inode); error = security_path_unlink(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit2; error = vfs_unlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, &delegated_inode); exit2: dput(dentry); } inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); if (inode) iput(inode); /* truncate the inode here */ inode = NULL; if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; inode = NULL; goto retry; } putname(name); return error; slashes: if (d_is_negative(dentry)) error = -ENOENT; else if (d_is_dir(dentry)) error = -EISDIR; else error = -ENOTDIR; goto exit2; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(unlinkat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, int, flag) { if ((flag & ~AT_REMOVEDIR) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (flag & AT_REMOVEDIR) return do_rmdir(dfd, getname(pathname)); return do_unlinkat(dfd, getname(pathname)); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unlink, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_unlinkat(AT_FDCWD, getname(pathname)); } int vfs_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *oldname) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->symlink) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_symlink); static long do_symlinkat(const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname) { int error; struct filename *from; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; from = getname(oldname); if (IS_ERR(from)) return PTR_ERR(from); retry: dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &path, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto out_putname; error = security_path_symlink(&path, dentry, from->name); if (!error) error = vfs_symlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, from->name); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out_putname: putname(from); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(symlinkat, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, newdfd, newname); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(symlink, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname); } /** * vfs_link - create a new link * @old_dentry: object to be linked * @dir: new parent * @new_dentry: where to create the new link * @delegated_inode: returns inode needing a delegation break * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex * * If vfs_link discovers a delegation on the to-be-linked file in need * of breaking, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a reference to the * inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then break the delegation * and retry. Because breaking a delegation may take a long time, the * caller should drop the i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *inode = old_dentry->d_inode; unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; error = may_create(dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; if (dir->i_sb != inode->i_sb) return -EXDEV; /* * A link to an append-only or immutable file cannot be created. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating the link count will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to * be writen back improperly if their true value is unknown to * the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->link) return -EPERM; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; inode_lock(inode); /* Make sure we don't allow creating hardlink to an unlinked file */ if (inode->i_nlink == 0 && !(inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) error = -ENOENT; else if (max_links && inode->i_nlink >= max_links) error = -EMLINK; else { error = try_break_deleg(inode, delegated_inode); if (!error) error = dir->i_op->link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); } if (!error && (inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state &= ~I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } inode_unlock(inode); if (!error) fsnotify_link(dir, inode, new_dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_link); /* * Hardlinks are often used in delicate situations. We avoid * security-related surprises by not following symlinks on the * newname. --KAB * * We don't follow them on the oldname either to be compatible * with linux 2.0, and to avoid hard-linking to directories * and other special files. --ADM */ static int do_linkat(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, int flags) { struct dentry *new_dentry; struct path old_path, new_path; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int how = 0; int error; if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) return -EINVAL; /* * To use null names we require CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH * This ensures that not everyone will be able to create * handlink using the passed filedescriptor. */ if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) { if (!capable(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return -ENOENT; how = LOOKUP_EMPTY; } if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW) how |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; retry: error = user_path_at(olddfd, oldname, how, &old_path); if (error) return error; new_dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &new_path, (how & LOOKUP_REVAL)); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto out; error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto out_dput; error = may_linkat(&old_path); if (unlikely(error)) goto out_dput; error = security_path_link(old_path.dentry, &new_path, new_dentry); if (error) goto out_dput; error = vfs_link(old_path.dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode); out_dput: done_path_create(&new_path, new_dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) { path_put(&old_path); goto retry; } } if (retry_estale(error, how)) { path_put(&old_path); how |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: path_put(&old_path); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(linkat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, int, flags) { return do_linkat(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(link, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_linkat(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0); } /** * vfs_rename - rename a filesystem object * @old_dir: parent of source * @old_dentry: source * @new_dir: parent of destination * @new_dentry: destination * @delegated_inode: returns an inode needing a delegation break * @flags: rename flags * * The caller must hold multiple mutexes--see lock_rename()). * * If vfs_rename discovers a delegation in need of breaking at either * the source or destination, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a * reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then * break the delegation and retry. Because breaking a delegation may * take a long time, the caller should drop all locks before doing * so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. * * The worst of all namespace operations - renaming directory. "Perverted" * doesn't even start to describe it. Somebody in UCB had a heck of a trip... * Problems: * * a) we can get into loop creation. * b) race potential - two innocent renames can create a loop together. * That's where 4.4 screws up. Current fix: serialization on * sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex. We might be more accurate, but that's another * story. * c) we have to lock _four_ objects - parents and victim (if it exists), * and source (if it is not a directory). * And that - after we got ->i_mutex on parents (until then we don't know * whether the target exists). Solution: try to be smart with locking * order for inodes. We rely on the fact that tree topology may change * only under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex _and_ that parent of the object we * move will be locked. Thus we can rank directories by the tree * (ancestors first) and rank all non-directories after them. * That works since everybody except rename does "lock parent, lookup, * lock child" and rename is under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex. * HOWEVER, it relies on the assumption that any object with ->lookup() * has no more than 1 dentry. If "hybrid" objects will ever appear, * we'd better make sure that there's no link(2) for them. * d) conversion from fhandle to dentry may come in the wrong moment - when * we are removing the target. Solution: we will have to grab ->i_mutex * in the fhandle_to_dentry code. [FIXME - current nfsfh.c relies on * ->i_mutex on parents, which works but leads to some truly excessive * locking]. */ int vfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode, unsigned int flags) { int error; bool is_dir = d_is_dir(old_dentry); struct inode *source = old_dentry->d_inode; struct inode *target = new_dentry->d_inode; bool new_is_dir = false; unsigned max_links = new_dir->i_sb->s_max_links; struct name_snapshot old_name; if (source == target) return 0; error = may_delete(old_dir, old_dentry, is_dir); if (error) return error; if (!target) { error = may_create(new_dir, new_dentry); } else { new_is_dir = d_is_dir(new_dentry); if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, is_dir); else error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, new_is_dir); } if (error) return error; if (!old_dir->i_op->rename) return -EPERM; /* * If we are going to change the parent - check write permissions, * we'll need to flip '..'. */ if (new_dir != old_dir) { if (is_dir) { error = inode_permission(source, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_is_dir) { error = inode_permission(target, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } } error = security_inode_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) return error; take_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name, old_dentry); dget(new_dentry); if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) lock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_lock(target); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(old_dentry) || is_local_mountpoint(new_dentry)) goto out; if (max_links && new_dir != old_dir) { error = -EMLINK; if (is_dir && !new_is_dir && new_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && !is_dir && new_is_dir && old_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; } if (!is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(source, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } if (target && !new_is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } error = old_dir->i_op->rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto out; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && target) { if (is_dir) { shrink_dcache_parent(new_dentry); target->i_flags |= S_DEAD; } dont_mount(new_dentry); detach_mounts(new_dentry); } if (!(old_dir->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE)) { if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) d_move(old_dentry, new_dentry); else d_exchange(old_dentry, new_dentry); } out: if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) unlock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_unlock(target); dput(new_dentry); if (!error) { fsnotify_move(old_dir, new_dir, &old_name.name, is_dir, !(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) ? target : NULL, old_dentry); if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { fsnotify_move(new_dir, old_dir, &old_dentry->d_name, new_is_dir, NULL, new_dentry); } } release_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rename); static int do_renameat2(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *old_dentry, *new_dentry; struct dentry *trap; struct path old_path, new_path; struct qstr old_last, new_last; int old_type, new_type; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; struct filename *from; struct filename *to; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0, target_flags = LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET; bool should_retry = false; int error; if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) && (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) target_flags = 0; retry: from = filename_parentat(olddfd, getname(oldname), lookup_flags, &old_path, &old_last, &old_type); if (IS_ERR(from)) { error = PTR_ERR(from); goto exit; } to = filename_parentat(newdfd, getname(newname), lookup_flags, &new_path, &new_last, &new_type); if (IS_ERR(to)) { error = PTR_ERR(to); goto exit1; } error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto exit2; error = -EBUSY; if (old_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; if (flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) error = -EEXIST; if (new_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; error = mnt_want_write(old_path.mnt); if (error) goto exit2; retry_deleg: trap = lock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); old_dentry = __lookup_hash(&old_last, old_path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(old_dentry); if (IS_ERR(old_dentry)) goto exit3; /* source must exist */ error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(old_dentry)) goto exit4; new_dentry = __lookup_hash(&new_last, new_path.dentry, lookup_flags | target_flags); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto exit4; error = -EEXIST; if ((flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) && d_is_positive(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (!d_is_dir(new_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } } /* unless the source is a directory trailing slashes give -ENOTDIR */ if (!d_is_dir(old_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (old_last.name[old_last.len]) goto exit5; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } /* source should not be ancestor of target */ error = -EINVAL; if (old_dentry == trap) goto exit5; /* target should not be an ancestor of source */ if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = -ENOTEMPTY; if (new_dentry == trap) goto exit5; error = security_path_rename(&old_path, old_dentry, &new_path, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto exit5; error = vfs_rename(old_path.dentry->d_inode, old_dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode, flags); exit5: dput(new_dentry); exit4: dput(old_dentry); exit3: unlock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(old_path.mnt); exit2: if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) should_retry = true; path_put(&new_path); putname(to); exit1: path_put(&old_path); putname(from); if (should_retry) { should_retry = false; lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } exit: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(renameat2, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, unsigned int, flags) { return do_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, ne