1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Flexible mmap layout support * * Based on code by Ingo Molnar and Andi Kleen, copyrighted * as follows: * * Copyright 2003-2009 Red Hat Inc. * All Rights Reserved. * Copyright 2005 Andi Kleen, SUSE Labs. * Copyright 2007 Jiri Kosina, SUSE Labs. */ #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/elf-randomize.h> #include <asm/elf.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include "physaddr.h" struct va_alignment __read_mostly va_align = { .flags = -1, }; unsigned long task_size_32bit(void) { return IA32_PAGE_OFFSET; } unsigned long task_size_64bit(int full_addr_space) { return full_addr_space ? TASK_SIZE_MAX : DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW; } static unsigned long stack_maxrandom_size(unsigned long task_size) { unsigned long max = 0; if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) { max = (-1UL) & __STACK_RND_MASK(task_size == task_size_32bit()); max <<= PAGE_SHIFT; } return max; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT # define mmap32_rnd_bits mmap_rnd_compat_bits # define mmap64_rnd_bits mmap_rnd_bits #else # define mmap32_rnd_bits mmap_rnd_bits # define mmap64_rnd_bits mmap_rnd_bits #endif #define SIZE_128M (128 * 1024 * 1024UL) static int mmap_is_legacy(void) { if (current->personality & ADDR_COMPAT_LAYOUT) return 1; return sysctl_legacy_va_layout; } static unsigned long arch_rnd(unsigned int rndbits) { if (!(current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE)) return 0; return (get_random_long() & ((1UL << rndbits) - 1)) << PAGE_SHIFT; } unsigned long arch_mmap_rnd(void) { return arch_rnd(mmap_is_ia32() ? mmap32_rnd_bits : mmap64_rnd_bits); } static unsigned long mmap_base(unsigned long rnd, unsigned long task_size, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { unsigned long gap = rlim_stack->rlim_cur; unsigned long pad = stack_maxrandom_size(task_size) + stack_guard_gap; unsigned long gap_min, gap_max; /* Values close to RLIM_INFINITY can overflow. */ if (gap + pad > gap) gap += pad; /* * Top of mmap area (just below the process stack). * Leave an at least ~128 MB hole with possible stack randomization. */ gap_min = SIZE_128M; gap_max = (task_size / 6) * 5; if (gap < gap_min) gap = gap_min; else if (gap > gap_max) gap = gap_max; return PAGE_ALIGN(task_size - gap - rnd); } static unsigned long mmap_legacy_base(unsigned long rnd, unsigned long task_size) { return __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(task_size) + rnd; } /* * This function, called very early during the creation of a new * process VM image, sets up which VM layout function to use: */ static void arch_pick_mmap_base(unsigned long *base, unsigned long *legacy_base, unsigned long random_factor, unsigned long task_size, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { *legacy_base = mmap_legacy_base(random_factor, task_size); if (mmap_is_legacy()) *base = *legacy_base; else *base = mmap_base(random_factor, task_size, rlim_stack); } void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { if (mmap_is_legacy()) mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area; else mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown; arch_pick_mmap_base(&mm->mmap_base, &mm->mmap_legacy_base, arch_rnd(mmap64_rnd_bits), task_size_64bit(0), rlim_stack); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES /* * The mmap syscall mapping base decision depends solely on the * syscall type (64-bit or compat). This applies for 64bit * applications and 32bit applications. The 64bit syscall uses * mmap_base, the compat syscall uses mmap_compat_base. */ arch_pick_mmap_base(&mm->mmap_compat_base, &mm->mmap_compat_legacy_base, arch_rnd(mmap32_rnd_bits), task_size_32bit(), rlim_stack); #endif } unsigned long get_mmap_base(int is_legacy) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES if (in_32bit_syscall()) { return is_legacy ? mm->mmap_compat_legacy_base : mm->mmap_compat_base; } #endif return is_legacy ? mm->mmap_legacy_base : mm->mmap_base; } const char *arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } /** * mmap_address_hint_valid - Validate the address hint of mmap * @addr: Address hint * @len: Mapping length * * Check whether @addr and @addr + @len result in a valid mapping. * * On 32bit this only checks whether @addr + @len is <= TASK_SIZE. * * On 64bit with 5-level page tables another sanity check is required * because mappings requested by mmap(@addr, 0) which cross the 47-bit * virtual address boundary can cause the following theoretical issue: * * An application calls mmap(addr, 0), i.e. without MAP_FIXED, where @addr * is below the border of the 47-bit address space and @addr + @len is * above the border. * * With 4-level paging this request succeeds, but the resulting mapping * address will always be within the 47-bit virtual address space, because * the hint address does not result in a valid mapping and is * ignored. Hence applications which are not prepared to handle virtual * addresses above 47-bit work correctly. * * With 5-level paging this request would be granted and result in a * mapping which crosses the border of the 47-bit virtual address * space. If the application cannot handle addresses above 47-bit this * will lead to misbehaviour and hard to diagnose failures. * * Therefore ignore address hints which would result in a mapping crossing * the 47-bit virtual address boundary. * * Note, that in the same scenario with MAP_FIXED the behaviour is * different. The request with @addr < 47-bit and @addr + @len > 47-bit * fails on a 4-level paging machine but succeeds on a 5-level paging * machine. It is reasonable to expect that an application does not rely on * the failure of such a fixed mapping request, so the restriction is not * applied. */ bool mmap_address_hint_valid(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { if (TASK_SIZE - len < addr) return false; return (addr > DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW) == (addr + len > DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW); } /* Can we access it for direct reading/writing? Must be RAM: */ int valid_phys_addr_range(phys_addr_t addr, size_t count) { return addr + count - 1 <= __pa(high_memory - 1); } /* Can we access it through mmap? Must be a valid physical address: */ int valid_mmap_phys_addr_range(unsigned long pfn, size_t count) { phys_addr_t addr = (phys_addr_t)pfn << PAGE_SHIFT; return phys_addr_valid(addr + count - 1); } /* * Only allow root to set high MMIO mappings to PROT_NONE. * This prevents an unpriv. user to set them to PROT_NONE and invert * them, then pointing to valid memory for L1TF speculation. * * Note: for locked down kernels may want to disable the root override. */ bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF)) return true; if (!__pte_needs_invert(pgprot_val(prot))) return true; /* If it's real memory always allow */ if (pfn_valid(pfn)) return true; if (pfn >= l1tf_pfn_limit() && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return false; return true; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* File: fs/ext4/xattr.h On-disk format of extended attributes for the ext4 filesystem. (C) 2001 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #include <linux/xattr.h> /* Magic value in attribute blocks */ #define EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC 0xEA020000 /* Maximum number of references to one attribute block */ #define EXT4_XATTR_REFCOUNT_MAX 1024 /* Name indexes */ #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_USER 1 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS 2 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT 3 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_TRUSTED 4 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_LUSTRE 5 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SECURITY 6 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SYSTEM 7 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_RICHACL 8 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION 9 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_HURD 10 /* Reserved for Hurd */ struct ext4_xattr_header { __le32 h_magic; /* magic number for identification */ __le32 h_refcount; /* reference count */ __le32 h_blocks; /* number of disk blocks used */ __le32 h_hash; /* hash value of all attributes */ __le32 h_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+id+xattrblock) */ /* id = inum if refcount=1, blknum otherwise */ __u32 h_reserved[3]; /* zero right now */ }; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header { __le32 h_magic; /* magic number for identification */ }; struct ext4_xattr_entry { __u8 e_name_len; /* length of name */ __u8 e_name_index; /* attribute name index */ __le16 e_value_offs; /* offset in disk block of value */ __le32 e_value_inum; /* inode in which the value is stored */ __le32 e_value_size; /* size of attribute value */ __le32 e_hash; /* hash value of name and value */ char e_name[]; /* attribute name */ }; #define EXT4_XATTR_PAD_BITS 2 #define EXT4_XATTR_PAD (1<<EXT4_XATTR_PAD_BITS) #define EXT4_XATTR_ROUND (EXT4_XATTR_PAD-1) #define EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len) \ (((name_len) + EXT4_XATTR_ROUND + \ sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_entry)) & ~EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) #define EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry) \ ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)( \ (char *)(entry) + EXT4_XATTR_LEN((entry)->e_name_len))) #define EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size) \ (((size) + EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) & ~EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) #define IHDR(inode, raw_inode) \ ((struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *) \ ((void *)raw_inode + \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize)) #define IFIRST(hdr) ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)((hdr)+1)) /* * XATTR_SIZE_MAX is currently 64k, but for the purposes of checking * for file system consistency errors, we use a somewhat bigger value. * This allows XATTR_SIZE_MAX to grow in the future, but by using this * instead of INT_MAX for certain consistency checks, we don't need to * worry about arithmetic overflows. (Actually XATTR_SIZE_MAX is * defined in include/uapi/linux/limits.h, so changing it is going * not going to be trivial....) */ #define EXT4_XATTR_SIZE_MAX (1 << 24) /* * The minimum size of EA value when you start storing it in an external inode * size of block - size of header - size of 1 entry - 4 null bytes */ #define EXT4_XATTR_MIN_LARGE_EA_SIZE(b) \ ((b) - EXT4_XATTR_LEN(3) - sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_header) - 4) #define BHDR(bh) ((struct ext4_xattr_header *)((bh)->b_data)) #define ENTRY(ptr) ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)(ptr)) #define BFIRST(bh) ENTRY(BHDR(bh)+1) #define IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry) (*(__u32 *)(entry) == 0) #define EXT4_ZERO_XATTR_VALUE ((void *)-1) struct ext4_xattr_info { const char *name; const void *value; size_t value_len; int name_index; int in_inode; }; struct ext4_xattr_search { struct ext4_xattr_entry *first; void *base; void *end; struct ext4_xattr_entry *here; int not_found; }; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find { struct ext4_xattr_search s; struct ext4_iloc iloc; }; struct ext4_xattr_inode_array { unsigned int count; /* # of used items in the array */ struct inode *inodes[]; }; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_user_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_trusted_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_security_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_hurd_handler; #define EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT "c" /* * The EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND is overloaded and used for two purposes. * The first is to signal that there the inline xattrs and data are * taking up so much space that we might as well not keep trying to * expand it. The second is that xattr_sem is taken for writing, so * we shouldn't try to recurse into the inode expansion. For this * second case, we need to make sure that we take save and restore the * NO_EXPAND state flag appropriately. */ static inline void ext4_write_lock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); *save = ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); } static inline int ext4_write_trylock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { if (down_write_trylock(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem) == 0) return 0; *save = ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); return 1; } static inline void ext4_write_unlock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { if (*save == 0) ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); } extern ssize_t ext4_listxattr(struct dentry *, char *, size_t); extern int ext4_xattr_get(struct inode *, int, const char *, void *, size_t); extern int ext4_xattr_set(struct inode *, int, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); extern int ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle_t *, struct inode *, int, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); extern int ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct inode *inode, size_t value_len, bool is_create, int *credits); extern int __ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *block_bh, size_t value_len, bool is_create); extern int ext4_xattr_delete_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_inode_array **array, int extra_credits); extern void ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(struct ext4_xattr_inode_array *array); extern int ext4_expand_extra_isize_ea(struct inode *inode, int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, handle_t *handle); extern const struct xattr_handler *ext4_xattr_handlers[]; extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_find(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is); extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t buffer_size); extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_inline_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is); extern struct mb_cache *ext4_xattr_create_cache(void); extern void ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(struct mb_cache *); #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY extern int ext4_init_security(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *qstr); #else static inline int ext4_init_security(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *qstr) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern void ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(struct inode *ea_inode); #else static inline void ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(struct inode *ea_inode) { } #endif extern int ext4_get_inode_usage(struct inode *inode, qsize_t *usage);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * acpi_bus.h - ACPI Bus Driver ($Revision: 22 $) * * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andy Grover <andrew.grover@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Paul Diefenbaugh <paul.s.diefenbaugh@intel.com> */ #ifndef __ACPI_BUS_H__ #define __ACPI_BUS_H__ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/property.h> /* TBD: Make dynamic */ #define ACPI_MAX_HANDLES 10 struct acpi_handle_list { u32 count; acpi_handle handles[ACPI_MAX_HANDLES]; }; /* acpi_utils.h */ acpi_status acpi_extract_package(union acpi_object *package, struct acpi_buffer *format, struct acpi_buffer *buffer); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_integer(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, unsigned long long *data); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reference(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, struct acpi_handle_list *list); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ost(acpi_handle handle, u32 source_event, u32 status_code, struct acpi_buffer *status_buf); acpi_status acpi_get_physical_device_location(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_pld_info **pld); bool acpi_has_method(acpi_handle handle, char *name); acpi_status acpi_execute_simple_method(acpi_handle handle, char *method, u64 arg); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ej0(acpi_handle handle); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_lck(acpi_handle handle, int lock); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reg(acpi_handle handle, u8 space_id, u32 function); bool acpi_ata_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_bay_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_dock_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_check_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 funcs); union acpi_object *acpi_evaluate_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4); static inline union acpi_object * acpi_evaluate_dsm_typed(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4, acpi_object_type type) { union acpi_object *obj; obj = acpi_evaluate_dsm(handle, guid, rev, func, argv4); if (obj && obj->type != type) { ACPI_FREE(obj); obj = NULL; } return obj; } #define ACPI_INIT_DSM_ARGV4(cnt, eles) \ { \ .package.type = ACPI_TYPE_PACKAGE, \ .package.count = (cnt), \ .package.elements = (eles) \ } bool acpi_dev_found(const char *hid); bool acpi_dev_present(const char *hid, const char *uid, s64 hrv); #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI struct proc_dir_entry; #define ACPI_BUS_FILE_ROOT "acpi" extern struct proc_dir_entry *acpi_root_dir; enum acpi_bus_device_type { ACPI_BUS_TYPE_DEVICE = 0, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_PROCESSOR, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_THERMAL, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_SLEEP_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_ECDT_EC, ACPI_BUS_DEVICE_TYPE_COUNT }; struct acpi_driver; struct acpi_device; /* * ACPI Scan Handler * ----------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_profile { struct kobject kobj; int (*scan_dependent)(struct acpi_device *adev); void (*notify_online)(struct acpi_device *adev); bool enabled:1; bool demand_offline:1; }; static inline struct acpi_hotplug_profile *to_acpi_hotplug_profile( struct kobject *kobj) { return container_of(kobj, struct acpi_hotplug_profile, kobj); } struct acpi_scan_handler { const struct acpi_device_id *ids; struct list_head list_node; bool (*match)(const char *idstr, const struct acpi_device_id **matchid); int (*attach)(struct acpi_device *dev, const struct acpi_device_id *id); void (*detach)(struct acpi_device *dev); void (*bind)(struct device *phys_dev); void (*unbind)(struct device *phys_dev); struct acpi_hotplug_profile hotplug; }; /* * ACPI Hotplug Context * -------------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_context { struct acpi_device *self; int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*fixup)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* * ACPI Driver * ----------- */ typedef int (*acpi_op_add) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef int (*acpi_op_remove) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef void (*acpi_op_notify) (struct acpi_device * device, u32 event); struct acpi_device_ops { acpi_op_add add; acpi_op_remove remove; acpi_op_notify notify; }; #define ACPI_DRIVER_ALL_NOTIFY_EVENTS 0x1 /* system AND device events */ struct acpi_driver { char name[80]; char class[80]; const struct acpi_device_id *ids; /* Supported Hardware IDs */ unsigned int flags; struct acpi_device_ops ops; struct device_driver drv; struct module *owner; }; /* * ACPI Device * ----------- */ /* Status (_STA) */ struct acpi_device_status { u32 present:1; u32 enabled:1; u32 show_in_ui:1; u32 functional:1; u32 battery_present:1; u32 reserved:27; }; /* Flags */ struct acpi_device_flags { u32 dynamic_status:1; u32 removable:1; u32 ejectable:1; u32 power_manageable:1; u32 match_driver:1; u32 initialized:1; u32 visited:1; u32 hotplug_notify:1; u32 is_dock_station:1; u32 of_compatible_ok:1; u32 coherent_dma:1; u32 cca_seen:1; u32 enumeration_by_parent:1; u32 reserved:19; }; /* File System */ struct acpi_device_dir { struct proc_dir_entry *entry; }; #define acpi_device_dir(d) ((d)->dir.entry) /* Plug and Play */ typedef char acpi_bus_id[8]; typedef u64 acpi_bus_address; typedef char acpi_device_name[40]; typedef char acpi_device_class[20]; struct acpi_hardware_id { struct list_head list; const char *id; }; struct acpi_pnp_type { u32 hardware_id:1; u32 bus_address:1; u32 platform_id:1; u32 reserved:29; }; struct acpi_device_pnp { acpi_bus_id bus_id; /* Object name */ int instance_no; /* Instance number of this object */ struct acpi_pnp_type type; /* ID type */ acpi_bus_address bus_address; /* _ADR */ char *unique_id; /* _UID */ struct list_head ids; /* _HID and _CIDs */ acpi_device_name device_name; /* Driver-determined */ acpi_device_class device_class; /* " */ union acpi_object *str_obj; /* unicode string for _STR method */ }; #define acpi_device_bid(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_id) #define acpi_device_adr(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_address) const char *acpi_device_hid(struct acpi_device *device); #define acpi_device_uid(d) ((d)->pnp.unique_id) #define acpi_device_name(d) ((d)->pnp.device_name) #define acpi_device_class(d) ((d)->pnp.device_class) /* Power Management */ struct acpi_device_power_flags { u32 explicit_get:1; /* _PSC present? */ u32 power_resources:1; /* Power resources */ u32 inrush_current:1; /* Serialize Dx->D0 */ u32 power_removed:1; /* Optimize Dx->D0 */ u32 ignore_parent:1; /* Power is independent of parent power state */ u32 dsw_present:1; /* _DSW present? */ u32 reserved:26; }; struct acpi_device_power_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 explicit_set:1; /* _PSx present? */ u8 reserved:6; } flags; int power; /* % Power (compared to D0) */ int latency; /* Dx->D0 time (microseconds) */ struct list_head resources; /* Power resources referenced */ }; struct acpi_device_power { int state; /* Current state */ struct acpi_device_power_flags flags; struct acpi_device_power_state states[ACPI_D_STATE_COUNT]; /* Power states (D0-D3Cold) */ }; /* Performance Management */ struct acpi_device_perf_flags { u8 reserved:8; }; struct acpi_device_perf_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 reserved:7; } flags; u8 power; /* % Power (compared to P0) */ u8 performance; /* % Performance ( " ) */ int latency; /* Px->P0 time (microseconds) */ }; struct acpi_device_perf { int state; struct acpi_device_perf_flags flags; int state_count; struct acpi_device_perf_state *states; }; /* Wakeup Management */ struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags { u8 valid:1; /* Can successfully enable wakeup? */ u8 notifier_present:1; /* Wake-up notify handler has been installed */ }; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context { void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context); struct device *dev; }; struct acpi_device_wakeup { acpi_handle gpe_device; u64 gpe_number; u64 sleep_state; struct list_head resources; struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags flags; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context context; struct wakeup_source *ws; int prepare_count; int enable_count; }; struct acpi_device_physical_node { unsigned int node_id; struct list_head node; struct device *dev; bool put_online:1; }; struct acpi_device_properties { const guid_t *guid; const union acpi_object *properties; struct list_head list; }; /* ACPI Device Specific Data (_DSD) */ struct acpi_device_data { const union acpi_object *pointer; struct list_head properties; const union acpi_object *of_compatible; struct list_head subnodes; }; struct acpi_gpio_mapping; /* Device */ struct acpi_device { int device_type; acpi_handle handle; /* no handle for fixed hardware */ struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct acpi_device *parent; struct list_head children; struct list_head node; struct list_head wakeup_list; struct list_head del_list; struct acpi_device_status status; struct acpi_device_flags flags; struct acpi_device_pnp pnp; struct acpi_device_power power; struct acpi_device_wakeup wakeup; struct acpi_device_perf performance; struct acpi_device_dir dir; struct acpi_device_data data; struct acpi_scan_handler *handler; struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp; struct acpi_driver *driver; const struct acpi_gpio_mapping *driver_gpios; void *driver_data; struct device dev; unsigned int physical_node_count; unsigned int dep_unmet; struct list_head physical_node_list; struct mutex physical_node_lock; void (*remove)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* Non-device subnode */ struct acpi_data_node { const char *name; acpi_handle handle; struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct fwnode_handle *parent; struct acpi_device_data data; struct list_head sibling; struct kobject kobj; struct completion kobj_done; }; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_device_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_data_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_static_fwnode_ops; bool is_acpi_device_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); bool is_acpi_data_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); static inline bool is_acpi_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return (is_acpi_device_node(fwnode) || is_acpi_data_node(fwnode)); } #define to_acpi_device_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_device_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_device_node(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_device, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) #define to_acpi_data_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_data_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_data_node(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_data_node, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) static inline bool is_acpi_static_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(fwnode) && fwnode->ops == &acpi_static_fwnode_ops; } static inline bool acpi_data_node_match(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, const char *name) { return is_acpi_data_node(fwnode) ? (!strcmp(to_acpi_data_node(fwnode)->name, name)) : false; } static inline struct fwnode_handle *acpi_fwnode_handle(struct acpi_device *adev) { return &adev->fwnode; } static inline void *acpi_driver_data(struct acpi_device *d) { return d->driver_data; } #define to_acpi_device(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_device, dev) #define to_acpi_driver(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_driver, drv) static inline void acpi_set_device_status(struct acpi_device *adev, u32 sta) { *((u32 *)&adev->status) = sta; } static inline void acpi_set_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp) { hp->self = adev; adev->hp = hp; } void acpi_initialize_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp, int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32), void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32)); /* acpi_device.dev.bus == &acpi_bus_type */ extern struct bus_type acpi_bus_type; /* * Events * ------ */ struct acpi_bus_event { struct list_head node; acpi_device_class device_class; acpi_bus_id bus_id; u32 type; u32 data; }; extern struct kobject *acpi_kobj; extern int acpi_bus_generate_netlink_event(const char*, const char*, u8, int); void acpi_bus_private_data_handler(acpi_handle, void *); int acpi_bus_get_private_data(acpi_handle, void **); int acpi_bus_attach_private_data(acpi_handle, void *); void acpi_bus_detach_private_data(acpi_handle); extern int acpi_notifier_call_chain(struct acpi_device *, u32, u32); extern int register_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern int unregister_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); /* * External Functions */ int acpi_bus_get_device(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_device **device); struct acpi_device *acpi_bus_get_acpi_device(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_put_acpi_device(struct acpi_device *adev); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_status_handle(acpi_handle handle, unsigned long long *sta); int acpi_bus_get_status(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_set_power(acpi_handle handle, int state); const char *acpi_power_state_string(int state); int acpi_device_set_power(struct acpi_device *device, int state); int acpi_bus_init_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_device_fix_up_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_update_power(acpi_handle handle, int *state_p); int acpi_device_update_power(struct acpi_device *device, int *state_p); bool acpi_bus_power_manageable(acpi_handle handle); int acpi_device_power_add_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); void acpi_device_power_remove_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle); #else static inline bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle) { return false; } #endif void acpi_scan_lock_acquire(void); void acpi_scan_lock_release(void); void acpi_lock_hp_context(void); void acpi_unlock_hp_context(void); int acpi_scan_add_handler(struct acpi_scan_handler *handler); int acpi_bus_register_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); void acpi_bus_unregister_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); int acpi_bus_scan(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_trim(struct acpi_device *start); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_ejd(acpi_handle handle, acpi_handle * ejd); int acpi_match_device_ids(struct acpi_device *device, const struct acpi_device_id *ids); void acpi_set_modalias(struct acpi_device *adev, const char *default_id, char *modalias, size_t len); int acpi_create_dir(struct acpi_device *); void acpi_remove_dir(struct acpi_device *); static inline bool acpi_device_enumerated(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev && adev->flags.initialized && adev->flags.visited; } /** * module_acpi_driver(acpi_driver) - Helper macro for registering an ACPI driver * @__acpi_driver: acpi_driver struct * * Helper macro for ACPI drivers which do not do anything special in module * init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module may only * use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() and module_exit() */ #define module_acpi_driver(__acpi_driver) \ module_driver(__acpi_driver, acpi_bus_register_driver, \ acpi_bus_unregister_driver) /* * Bind physical devices with ACPI devices */ struct acpi_bus_type { struct list_head list; const char *name; bool (*match)(struct device *dev); struct acpi_device * (*find_companion)(struct device *); void (*setup)(struct device *); void (*cleanup)(struct device *); }; int register_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int unregister_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int acpi_bind_one(struct device *dev, struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_unbind_one(struct device *dev); struct acpi_pci_root { struct acpi_device * device; struct pci_bus *bus; u16 segment; struct resource secondary; /* downstream bus range */ u32 osc_support_set; /* _OSC state of support bits */ u32 osc_control_set; /* _OSC state of control bits */ phys_addr_t mcfg_addr; }; /* helper */ bool acpi_dma_supported(struct acpi_device *adev); enum dev_dma_attr acpi_get_dma_attr(struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_dma_get_range(struct device *dev, u64 *dma_addr, u64 *offset, u64 *size); int acpi_dma_configure_id(struct device *dev, enum dev_dma_attr attr, const u32 *input_id); static inline int acpi_dma_configure(struct device *dev, enum dev_dma_attr attr) { return acpi_dma_configure_id(dev, attr, NULL); } struct acpi_device *acpi_find_child_device(struct acpi_device *parent, u64 address, bool check_children); int acpi_is_root_bridge(acpi_handle); struct acpi_pci_root *acpi_pci_find_root(acpi_handle handle); int acpi_enable_wakeup_device_power(struct acpi_device *dev, int state); int acpi_disable_wakeup_device_power(struct acpi_device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_X86 bool acpi_device_always_present(struct acpi_device *adev); #else static inline bool acpi_device_always_present(struct acpi_device *adev) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PM void acpi_pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev); acpi_status acpi_add_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev, void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context)); acpi_status acpi_remove_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev); bool acpi_pm_device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev); int acpi_pm_device_sleep_state(struct device *, int *, int); int acpi_pm_set_device_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool enable); #else static inline void acpi_pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev) { } static inline acpi_status acpi_add_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev, void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context)) { return AE_SUPPORT; } static inline acpi_status acpi_remove_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev) { return AE_SUPPORT; } static inline bool acpi_pm_device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline int acpi_pm_device_sleep_state(struct device *d, int *p, int m) { if (p) *p = ACPI_STATE_D0; return (m >= ACPI_STATE_D0 && m <= ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD) ? m : ACPI_STATE_D0; } static inline int acpi_pm_set_device_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool enable) { return -ENODEV; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_SYSTEM_POWER_STATES_SUPPORT bool acpi_sleep_state_supported(u8 sleep_state); #else static inline bool acpi_sleep_state_supported(u8 sleep_state) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_SLEEP u32 acpi_target_system_state(void); #else static inline u32 acpi_target_system_state(void) { return ACPI_STATE_S0; } #endif static inline bool acpi_device_power_manageable(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->flags.power_manageable; } static inline bool acpi_device_can_wakeup(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->wakeup.flags.valid; } static inline bool acpi_device_can_poweroff(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->power.states[ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD].flags.valid || ((acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision < 6) && adev->power.states[ACPI_STATE_D3_HOT].flags.explicit_set); } bool acpi_dev_hid_uid_match(struct acpi_device *adev, const char *hid2, const char *uid2); struct acpi_device * acpi_dev_get_first_match_dev(const char *hid, const char *uid, s64 hrv); static inline void acpi_dev_put(struct acpi_device *adev) { if (adev) put_device(&adev->dev); } #else /* CONFIG_ACPI */ static inline int register_acpi_bus_type(void *bus) { return 0; } static inline int unregister_acpi_bus_type(void *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_ACPI */ #endif /*__ACPI_BUS_H__*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef DRIVERS_PCI_H #define DRIVERS_PCI_H #include <linux/pci.h> /* Number of possible devfns: 0.0 to 1f.7 inclusive */ #define MAX_NR_DEVFNS 256 #define PCI_FIND_CAP_TTL 48 #define PCI_VSEC_ID_INTEL_TBT 0x1234 /* Thunderbolt */ extern const unsigned char pcie_link_speed[]; extern bool pci_early_dump; bool pcie_cap_has_lnkctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); bool pcie_cap_has_rtctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); /* Functions internal to the PCI core code */ int pci_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #if !defined(CONFIG_DMI) && !defined(CONFIG_ACPI) static inline void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } #else void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #endif void pci_cleanup_rom(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pci_mmap_api { PCI_MMAP_SYSFS, /* mmap on /sys/bus/pci/devices/<BDF>/resource<N> */ PCI_MMAP_PROCFS /* mmap on /proc/bus/pci/<BDF> */ }; int pci_mmap_fits(struct pci_dev *pdev, int resno, struct vm_area_struct *vmai, enum pci_mmap_api mmap_api); int pci_probe_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bridge_secondary_bus_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bus_error_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); #define PCI_PM_D2_DELAY 200 /* usec; see PCIe r4.0, sec 5.9.1 */ #define PCI_PM_D3HOT_WAIT 10 /* msec */ #define PCI_PM_D3COLD_WAIT 100 /* msec */ /** * struct pci_platform_pm_ops - Firmware PM callbacks * * @bridge_d3: Does the bridge allow entering into D3 * * @is_manageable: returns 'true' if given device is power manageable by the * platform firmware * * @set_state: invokes the platform firmware to set the device's power state * * @get_state: queries the platform firmware for a device's current power state * * @refresh_state: asks the platform to refresh the device's power state data * * @choose_state: returns PCI power state of given device preferred by the * platform; to be used during system-wide transitions from a * sleeping state to the working state and vice versa * * @set_wakeup: enables/disables wakeup capability for the device * * @need_resume: returns 'true' if the given device (which is currently * suspended) needs to be resumed to be configured for system * wakeup. * * If given platform is generally capable of power managing PCI devices, all of * these callbacks are mandatory. */ struct pci_platform_pm_ops { bool (*bridge_d3)(struct pci_dev *dev); bool (*is_manageable)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_state)(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); pci_power_t (*get_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); void (*refresh_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); pci_power_t (*choose_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_wakeup)(struct pci_dev *dev, bool enable); bool (*need_resume)(struct pci_dev *dev); }; int pci_set_platform_pm(const struct pci_platform_pm_ops *ops); void pci_update_current_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); void pci_refresh_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_power_up(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_enabled_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_finish_runtime_suspend(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_device_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_root_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_check_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pme_wakeup_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); int __pci_pme_wakeup(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); void pci_pme_restore(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_dev_need_resume(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_adjust_pme(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_complete_resume(struct pci_dev *pci_dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_get(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_put(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pm_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_ea_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_free_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_bridge_d3_possible(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_d3_update(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_wait_for_secondary_bus(struct pci_dev *dev); static inline void pci_wakeup_event(struct pci_dev *dev) { /* Wait 100 ms before the system can be put into a sleep state. */ pm_wakeup_event(&dev->dev, 100); } static inline bool pci_has_subordinate(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { return !!(pci_dev->subordinate); } static inline bool pci_power_manageable(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { /* * Currently we allow normal PCI devices and PCI bridges transition * into D3 if their bridge_d3 is set. */ return !pci_has_subordinate(pci_dev) || pci_dev->bridge_d3; } static inline bool pcie_downstream_port(const struct pci_dev *dev) { int type = pci_pcie_type(dev); return type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_PCIE_BRIDGE; } int pci_vpd_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_vpd_release(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI Virtual Channel */ int pci_save_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_vc_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI /proc functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* Functions for PCI Hotplug drivers to use */ int pci_hp_add_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev); #ifdef HAVE_PCI_LEGACY void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } #endif /* Lock for read/write access to pci device and bus lists */ extern struct rw_semaphore pci_bus_sem; extern struct mutex pci_slot_mutex; extern raw_spinlock_t pci_lock; extern unsigned int pci_pm_d3hot_delay; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MSI void pci_no_msi(void); #else static inline void pci_no_msi(void) { } #endif static inline void pci_msi_set_enable(struct pci_dev *dev, int enable) { u16 control; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, &control); control &= ~PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; if (enable) control |= PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, control); } static inline void pci_msix_clear_and_set_ctrl(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 clear, u16 set) { u16 ctrl; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, &ctrl); ctrl &= ~clear; ctrl |= set; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, ctrl); } void pci_realloc_get_opt(char *); static inline int pci_no_d1d2(struct pci_dev *dev) { unsigned int parent_dstates = 0; if (dev->bus->self) parent_dstates = dev->bus->self->no_d1d2; return (dev->no_d1d2 || parent_dstates); } extern const struct attribute_group *pci_dev_groups[]; extern const struct attribute_group *pcibus_groups[]; extern const struct device_type pci_dev_type; extern const struct attribute_group *pci_bus_groups[]; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_io_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_pref_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_bus_size; /** * pci_match_one_device - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching * PCI device id structure * @id: single PCI device id structure to match * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against * * Returns the matching pci_device_id structure or %NULL if there is no match. */ static inline const struct pci_device_id * pci_match_one_device(const struct pci_device_id *id, const struct pci_dev *dev) { if ((id->vendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->vendor == dev->vendor) && (id->device == PCI_ANY_ID || id->device == dev->device) && (id->subvendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subvendor == dev->subsystem_vendor) && (id->subdevice == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subdevice == dev->subsystem_device) && !((id->class ^ dev->class) & id->class_mask)) return id; return NULL; } /* PCI slot sysfs helper code */ #define to_pci_slot(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot, kobj) extern struct kset *pci_slots_kset; struct pci_slot_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct pci_slot *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct pci_slot *, const char *, size_t); }; #define to_pci_slot_attr(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot_attribute, attr) enum pci_bar_type { pci_bar_unknown, /* Standard PCI BAR probe */ pci_bar_io, /* An I/O port BAR */ pci_bar_mem32, /* A 32-bit memory BAR */ pci_bar_mem64, /* A 64-bit memory BAR */ }; struct device *pci_get_host_bridge_device(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_put_host_bridge_device(struct device *dev); int pci_configure_extended_tags(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); bool pci_bus_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); bool pci_bus_generic_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_idt_bus_quirk(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_setup_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int __pci_read_base(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bar_type type, struct resource *res, unsigned int reg); void pci_configure_ari(struct pci_dev *dev); void __pci_bus_size_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head); void __pci_bus_assign_resources(const struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head, struct list_head *fail_head); bool pci_bus_clip_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int idx); void pci_reassigndev_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_bridge_window(struct pci_dev *dev); struct pci_bus *pci_bus_get(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_bus_put(struct pci_bus *bus); /* PCIe link information from Link Capabilities 2 */ #define PCIE_LNKCAP2_SLS2SPEED(lnkcap2) \ ((lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_32_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_16_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_8_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_5_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_2_5GB ? PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT : \ PCI_SPEED_UNKNOWN) /* PCIe speed to Mb/s reduced by encoding overhead */ #define PCIE_SPEED2MBS_ENC(speed) \ ((speed) == PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT ? 32000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT ? 16000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT ? 8000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT ? 5000*8/10 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT ? 2500*8/10 : \ 0) const char *pci_speed_string(enum pci_bus_speed speed); enum pci_bus_speed pcie_get_speed_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pcie_link_width pcie_get_width_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); u32 pcie_bandwidth_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bus_speed *speed, enum pcie_link_width *width); void __pcie_print_link_status(struct pci_dev *dev, bool verbose); void pcie_report_downtraining(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_update_link_speed(struct pci_bus *bus, u16 link_status); /* Single Root I/O Virtualization */ struct pci_sriov { int pos; /* Capability position */ int nres; /* Number of resources */ u32 cap; /* SR-IOV Capabilities */ u16 ctrl; /* SR-IOV Control */ u16 total_VFs; /* Total VFs associated with the PF */ u16 initial_VFs; /* Initial VFs associated with the PF */ u16 num_VFs; /* Number of VFs available */ u16 offset; /* First VF Routing ID offset */ u16 stride; /* Following VF stride */ u16 vf_device; /* VF device ID */ u32 pgsz; /* Page size for BAR alignment */ u8 link; /* Function Dependency Link */ u8 max_VF_buses; /* Max buses consumed by VFs */ u16 driver_max_VFs; /* Max num VFs driver supports */ struct pci_dev *dev; /* Lowest numbered PF */ struct pci_dev *self; /* This PF */ u32 class; /* VF device */ u8 hdr_type; /* VF header type */ u16 subsystem_vendor; /* VF subsystem vendor */ u16 subsystem_device; /* VF subsystem device */ resource_size_t barsz[PCI_SRIOV_NUM_BARS]; /* VF BAR size */ bool drivers_autoprobe; /* Auto probing of VFs by driver */ }; /** * pci_dev_set_io_state - Set the new error state if possible. * * @dev - pci device to set new error_state * @new - the state we want dev to be in * * Must be called with device_lock held. * * Returns true if state has been changed to the requested state. */ static inline bool pci_dev_set_io_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_channel_state_t new) { bool changed = false; device_lock_assert(&dev->dev); switch (new) { case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_frozen: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_normal: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: changed = true; break; } break; } if (changed) dev->error_state = new; return changed; } static inline int pci_dev_set_disconnected(struct pci_dev *dev, void *unused) { device_lock(&dev->dev); pci_dev_set_io_state(dev, pci_channel_io_perm_failure); device_unlock(&dev->dev); return 0; } static inline bool pci_dev_is_disconnected(const struct pci_dev *dev) { return dev->error_state == pci_channel_io_perm_failure; } /* pci_dev priv_flags */ #define PCI_DEV_ADDED 0 #define PCI_DPC_RECOVERED 1 #define PCI_DPC_RECOVERING 2 static inline void pci_dev_assign_added(struct pci_dev *dev, bool added) { assign_bit(PCI_DEV_ADDED, &dev->priv_flags, added); } static inline bool pci_dev_is_added(const struct pci_dev *dev) { return test_bit(PCI_DEV_ADDED, &dev->priv_flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER #include <linux/aer.h> #define AER_MAX_MULTI_ERR_DEVICES 5 /* Not likely to have more */ struct aer_err_info { struct pci_dev *dev[AER_MAX_MULTI_ERR_DEVICES]; int error_dev_num; unsigned int id:16; unsigned int severity:2; /* 0:NONFATAL | 1:FATAL | 2:COR */ unsigned int __pad1:5; unsigned int multi_error_valid:1; unsigned int first_error:5; unsigned int __pad2:2; unsigned int tlp_header_valid:1; unsigned int status; /* COR/UNCOR Error Status */ unsigned int mask; /* COR/UNCOR Error Mask */ struct aer_header_log_regs tlp; /* TLP Header */ }; int aer_get_device_error_info(struct pci_dev *dev, struct aer_err_info *info); void aer_print_error(struct pci_dev *dev, struct aer_err_info *info); #endif /* CONFIG_PCIEAER */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_DPC void pci_save_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dpc_init(struct pci_dev *pdev); void dpc_process_error(struct pci_dev *pdev); pci_ers_result_t dpc_reset_link(struct pci_dev *pdev); bool pci_dpc_recovered(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_save_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev) {} static inline void pci_restore_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev) {} static inline void pci_dpc_init(struct pci_dev *pdev) {} static inline bool pci_dpc_recovered(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_ATS /* Address Translation Service */ void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_ats_state(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_restore_ats_state(struct pci_dev *dev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_ATS */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PRI void pci_pri_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_pri_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_pri_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_pri_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PASID void pci_pasid_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_pasid_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_pasid_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_pasid_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV int pci_iov_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_release(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_remove(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_update_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int resno); resource_size_t pci_sriov_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev, int resno); void pci_restore_iov_state(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_iov_bus_range(struct pci_bus *bus); extern const struct attribute_group sriov_dev_attr_group; #else static inline int pci_iov_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENODEV; } static inline void pci_iov_release(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_iov_remove(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_iov_state(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_iov_bus_range(struct pci_bus *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_IOV */ unsigned long pci_cardbus_resource_alignment(struct resource *); static inline resource_size_t pci_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev, struct resource *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV int resno = res - dev->resource; if (resno >= PCI_IOV_RESOURCES && resno <= PCI_IOV_RESOURCE_END) return pci_sriov_resource_alignment(dev, resno); #endif if (dev->class >> 8 == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS) return pci_cardbus_resource_alignment(res); return resource_alignment(res); } void pci_acs_init(struct pci_dev *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS int pci_dev_specific_acs_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 acs_flags); int pci_dev_specific_enable_acs(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_dev_specific_disable_acs_redir(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline int pci_dev_specific_acs_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 acs_flags) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int pci_dev_specific_enable_acs(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int pci_dev_specific_disable_acs_redir(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif /* PCI error reporting and recovery */ pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_channel_state_t state, pci_ers_result_t (*reset_link)(struct pci_dev *pdev)); bool pcie_wait_for_link(struct pci_dev *pdev, bool active); #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_exit_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_pm_state_change(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_powersave_config_link(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_exit_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_pm_state_change(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_powersave_config_link(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_ECRC void pcie_set_ecrc_checking(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_ecrc_get_policy(char *str); #else static inline void pcie_set_ecrc_checking(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pcie_ecrc_get_policy(char *str) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_PTM void pci_ptm_init(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_enable_ptm(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 *granularity); #else static inline void pci_ptm_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_enable_ptm(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 *granularity) { return -EINVAL; } #endif struct pci_dev_reset_methods { u16 vendor; u16 device; int (*reset)(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe); }; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS int pci_dev_specific_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe); #else static inline int pci_dev_specific_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS) && defined(CONFIG_ARM64) int acpi_get_rc_resources(struct device *dev, const char *hid, u16 segment, struct resource *res); #else static inline int acpi_get_rc_resources(struct device *dev, const char *hid, u16 segment, struct resource *res) { return -ENODEV; } #endif u32 pci_rebar_get_possible_sizes(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar); int pci_rebar_get_current_size(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar); int pci_rebar_set_size(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar, int size); static inline u64 pci_rebar_size_to_bytes(int size) { return 1ULL << (size + 20); } struct device_node; #ifdef CONFIG_OF int of_pci_parse_bus_range(struct device_node *node, struct resource *res); int of_get_pci_domain_nr(struct device_node *node); int of_pci_get_max_link_speed(struct device_node *node); void pci_set_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_release_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_release_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus); int devm_of_pci_bridge_init(struct device *dev, struct pci_host_bridge *bridge); #else static inline int of_pci_parse_bus_range(struct device_node *node, struct resource *res) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int of_get_pci_domain_nr(struct device_node *node) { return -1; } static inline int of_pci_get_max_link_speed(struct device_node *node) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void pci_set_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_release_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus) { } static inline void pci_release_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus) { } static inline int devm_of_pci_bridge_init(struct device *dev, struct pci_host_bridge *bridge) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_OF */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER void pci_no_aer(void); void pci_aer_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_aer_exit(struct pci_dev *dev); extern const struct attribute_group aer_stats_attr_group; void pci_aer_clear_fatal_status(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_aer_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_aer_raw_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline void pci_no_aer(void) { } static inline void pci_aer_init(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_aer_exit(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_aer_clear_fatal_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_aer_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int pci_aer_raw_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -EINVAL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI int pci_acpi_program_hp_params(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline int pci_acpi_program_hp_params(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENODEV; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM extern const struct attribute_group aspm_ctrl_attr_group; #endif #endif /* DRIVERS_PCI_H */
1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* thread_info.h: common low-level thread information accessors * * Copyright (C) 2002 David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * - Incorporating suggestions made by Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #define _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/restart_block.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels we need <asm/current.h> for the * definition of current, but for !CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels, * including <asm/current.h> can cause a circular dependency on some platforms. */ #include <asm/current.h> #define current_thread_info() ((struct thread_info *)current) #endif #include <linux/bitops.h> /* * For per-arch arch_within_stack_frames() implementations, defined in * asm/thread_info.h. */ enum { BAD_STACK = -1, NOT_STACK = 0, GOOD_FRAME, GOOD_STACK, }; #include <asm/thread_info.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifndef arch_set_restart_data #define arch_set_restart_data(restart) do { } while (0) #endif static inline long set_restart_fn(struct restart_block *restart, long (*fn)(struct restart_block *)) { restart->fn = fn; arch_set_restart_data(restart); return -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK; } #ifndef THREAD_ALIGN #define THREAD_ALIGN THREAD_SIZE #endif #define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_ZERO) /* * flag set/clear/test wrappers * - pass TIF_xxxx constants to these functions */ static inline void set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void update_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag, bool value) { if (value) set_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); else clear_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); } static inline int test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } #define set_thread_flag(flag) \ set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define clear_thread_flag(flag) \ clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define update_thread_flag(flag, value) \ update_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag, value) #define test_and_set_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_and_clear_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_thread_flag(flag) \ test_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define tif_need_resched() test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_WITHIN_STACK_FRAMES static inline int arch_within_stack_frames(const void * const stack, const void * const stackend, const void *obj, unsigned long len) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY extern void __check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user); static __always_inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(n)) __check_object_size(ptr, n, to_user); } #else static inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { } #endif /* CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY */ extern void __compiletime_error("copy source size is too small") __bad_copy_from(void); extern void __compiletime_error("copy destination size is too small") __bad_copy_to(void); static inline void copy_overflow(int size, unsigned long count) { WARN(1, "Buffer overflow detected (%d < %lu)!\n", size, count); } static __always_inline __must_check bool check_copy_size(const void *addr, size_t bytes, bool is_source) { int sz = __compiletime_object_size(addr); if (unlikely(sz >= 0 && sz < bytes)) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(bytes)) copy_overflow(sz, bytes); else if (is_source) __bad_copy_from(); else __bad_copy_to(); return false; } if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bytes > INT_MAX)) return false; check_object_size(addr, bytes, is_source); return true; } #ifndef arch_setup_new_exec static inline void arch_setup_new_exec(void) { } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/include/linux/relay.h * * Copyright (C) 2002, 2003 - Tom Zanussi (zanussi@us.ibm.com), IBM Corp * Copyright (C) 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 - Karim Yaghmour (karim@opersys.com) * * CONFIG_RELAY definitions and declarations */ #ifndef _LINUX_RELAY_H #define _LINUX_RELAY_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> /* * Tracks changes to rchan/rchan_buf structs */ #define RELAYFS_CHANNEL_VERSION 7 /* * Per-cpu relay channel buffer */ struct rchan_buf { void *start; /* start of channel buffer */ void *data; /* start of current sub-buffer */ size_t offset; /* current offset into sub-buffer */ size_t subbufs_produced; /* count of sub-buffers produced */ size_t subbufs_consumed; /* count of sub-buffers consumed */ struct rchan *chan; /* associated channel */ wait_queue_head_t read_wait; /* reader wait queue */ struct irq_work wakeup_work; /* reader wakeup */ struct dentry *dentry; /* channel file dentry */ struct kref kref; /* channel buffer refcount */ struct page **page_array; /* array of current buffer pages */ unsigned int page_count; /* number of current buffer pages */ unsigned int finalized; /* buffer has been finalized */ size_t *padding; /* padding counts per sub-buffer */ size_t prev_padding; /* temporary variable */ size_t bytes_consumed; /* bytes consumed in cur read subbuf */ size_t early_bytes; /* bytes consumed before VFS inited */ unsigned int cpu; /* this buf's cpu */ } ____cacheline_aligned; /* * Relay channel data structure */ struct rchan { u32 version; /* the version of this struct */ size_t subbuf_size; /* sub-buffer size */ size_t n_subbufs; /* number of sub-buffers per buffer */ size_t alloc_size; /* total buffer size allocated */ struct rchan_callbacks *cb; /* client callbacks */ struct kref kref; /* channel refcount */ void *private_data; /* for user-defined data */ size_t last_toobig; /* tried to log event > subbuf size */ struct rchan_buf * __percpu *buf; /* per-cpu channel buffers */ int is_global; /* One global buffer ? */ struct list_head list; /* for channel list */ struct dentry *parent; /* parent dentry passed to open */ int has_base_filename; /* has a filename associated? */ char base_filename[NAME_MAX]; /* saved base filename */ }; /* * Relay channel client callbacks */ struct rchan_callbacks { /* * subbuf_start - called on buffer-switch to a new sub-buffer * @buf: the channel buffer containing the new sub-buffer * @subbuf: the start of the new sub-buffer * @prev_subbuf: the start of the previous sub-buffer * @prev_padding: unused space at the end of previous sub-buffer * * The client should return 1 to continue logging, 0 to stop * logging. * * NOTE: subbuf_start will also be invoked when the buffer is * created, so that the first sub-buffer can be initialized * if necessary. In this case, prev_subbuf will be NULL. * * NOTE: the client can reserve bytes at the beginning of the new * sub-buffer by calling subbuf_start_reserve() in this callback. */ int (*subbuf_start) (struct rchan_buf *buf, void *subbuf, void *prev_subbuf, size_t prev_padding); /* * buf_mapped - relay buffer mmap notification * @buf: the channel buffer * @filp: relay file pointer * * Called when a relay file is successfully mmapped */ void (*buf_mapped)(struct rchan_buf *buf, struct file *filp); /* * buf_unmapped - relay buffer unmap notification * @buf: the channel buffer * @filp: relay file pointer * * Called when a relay file is successfully unmapped */ void (*buf_unmapped)(struct rchan_buf *buf, struct file *filp); /* * create_buf_file - create file to represent a relay channel buffer * @filename: the name of the file to create * @parent: the parent of the file to create * @mode: the mode of the file to create * @buf: the channel buffer * @is_global: outparam - set non-zero if the buffer should be global * * Called during relay_open(), once for each per-cpu buffer, * to allow the client to create a file to be used to * represent the corresponding channel buffer. If the file is * created outside of relay, the parent must also exist in * that filesystem. * * The callback should return the dentry of the file created * to represent the relay buffer. * * Setting the is_global outparam to a non-zero value will * cause relay_open() to create a single global buffer rather * than the default set of per-cpu buffers. * * See Documentation/filesystems/relay.rst for more info. */ struct dentry *(*create_buf_file)(const char *filename, struct dentry *parent, umode_t mode, struct rchan_buf *buf, int *is_global); /* * remove_buf_file - remove file representing a relay channel buffer * @dentry: the dentry of the file to remove * * Called during relay_close(), once for each per-cpu buffer, * to allow the client to remove a file used to represent a * channel buffer. * * The callback should return 0 if successful, negative if not. */ int (*remove_buf_file)(struct dentry *dentry); }; /* * CONFIG_RELAY kernel API, kernel/relay.c */ struct rchan *relay_open(const char *base_filename, struct dentry *parent, size_t subbuf_size, size_t n_subbufs, struct rchan_callbacks *cb, void *private_data); extern int relay_late_setup_files(struct rchan *chan, const char *base_filename, struct dentry *parent); extern void relay_close(struct rchan *chan); extern void relay_flush(struct rchan *chan); extern void relay_subbufs_consumed(struct rchan *chan, unsigned int cpu, size_t consumed); extern void relay_reset(struct rchan *chan); extern int relay_buf_full(struct rchan_buf *buf); extern size_t relay_switch_subbuf(struct rchan_buf *buf, size_t length); /** * relay_write - write data into the channel * @chan: relay channel * @data: data to be written * @length: number of bytes to write * * Writes data into the current cpu's channel buffer. * * Protects the buffer by disabling interrupts. Use this * if you might be logging from interrupt context. Try * __relay_write() if you know you won't be logging from * interrupt context. */ static inline void relay_write(struct rchan *chan, const void *data, size_t length) { unsigned long flags; struct rchan_buf *buf; local_irq_save(flags); buf = *this_cpu_ptr(chan->buf); if (unlikely(buf->offset + length > chan->subbuf_size)) length = relay_switch_subbuf(buf, length); memcpy(buf->data + buf->offset, data, length); buf->offset += length; local_irq_restore(flags); } /** * __relay_write - write data into the channel * @chan: relay channel * @data: data to be written * @length: number of bytes to write * * Writes data into the current cpu's channel buffer. * * Protects the buffer by disabling preemption. Use * relay_write() if you might be logging from interrupt * context. */ static inline void __relay_write(struct rchan *chan, const void *data, size_t length) { struct rchan_buf *buf; buf = *get_cpu_ptr(chan->buf); if (unlikely(buf->offset + length > buf->chan->subbuf_size)) length = relay_switch_subbuf(buf, length); memcpy(buf->data + buf->offset, data, length); buf->offset += length; put_cpu_ptr(chan->buf); } /** * relay_reserve - reserve slot in channel buffer * @chan: relay channel * @length: number of bytes to reserve * * Returns pointer to reserved slot, NULL if full. * * Reserves a slot in the current cpu's channel buffer. * Does not protect the buffer at all - caller must provide * appropriate synchronization. */ static inline void *relay_reserve(struct rchan *chan, size_t length) { void *reserved = NULL; struct rchan_buf *buf = *get_cpu_ptr(chan->buf); if (unlikely(buf->offset + length > buf->chan->subbuf_size)) { length = relay_switch_subbuf(buf, length); if (!length) goto end; } reserved = buf->data + buf->offset; buf->offset += length; end: put_cpu_ptr(chan->buf); return reserved; } /** * subbuf_start_reserve - reserve bytes at the start of a sub-buffer * @buf: relay channel buffer * @length: number of bytes to reserve * * Helper function used to reserve bytes at the beginning of * a sub-buffer in the subbuf_start() callback. */ static inline void subbuf_start_reserve(struct rchan_buf *buf, size_t length) { BUG_ON(length >= buf->chan->subbuf_size - 1); buf->offset = length; } /* * exported relay file operations, kernel/relay.c */ extern const struct file_operations relay_file_operations; #ifdef CONFIG_RELAY int relay_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define relay_prepare_cpu NULL #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RELAY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * User-mode machine state access * * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * Red Hat Author: Roland McGrath. */ #ifndef _LINUX_REGSET_H #define _LINUX_REGSET_H 1 #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct user_regset; struct membuf { void *p; size_t left; }; static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memset(s->p, 0, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memcpy(s->p, v, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } /* current s->p must be aligned for v; v must be a scalar */ #define membuf_store(s, v) \ ({ \ struct membuf *__s = (s); \ if (__s->left) { \ typeof(v) __v = (v); \ size_t __size = sizeof(__v); \ if (unlikely(__size > __s->left)) { \ __size = __s->left; \ memcpy(__s->p, &__v, __size); \ } else { \ *(typeof(__v + 0) *)__s->p = __v; \ } \ __s->p += __size; \ __s->left -= __size; \ } \ __s->left;}) /** * user_regset_active_fn - type of @active function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * * Return -%ENODEV if not available on the hardware found. * Return %0 if no interesting state in this thread. * Return >%0 number of @size units of interesting state. * Any get call fetching state beyond that number will * see the default initialization state for this data, * so a caller that knows what the default state is need * not copy it all out. * This call is optional; the pointer is %NULL if there * is no inexpensive check to yield a value < @n. */ typedef int user_regset_active_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset); typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, struct membuf to); /** * user_regset_set_fn - type of @set function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @pos: offset into the regset data to access, in bytes * @count: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @kbuf: if not %NULL, a kernel-space pointer to copy from * @ubuf: if @kbuf is %NULL, a user-space pointer to copy from * * Store register values. Return %0 on success; -%EIO or -%ENODEV * are usual failure returns. The @pos and @count values are in * bytes, but must be properly aligned. If @kbuf is non-null, that * buffer is used and @ubuf is ignored. If @kbuf is %NULL, then * ubuf gives a userland pointer to access directly, and an -%EFAULT * return value is possible. */ typedef int user_regset_set_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf); /** * user_regset_writeback_fn - type of @writeback function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @immediate: zero if writeback at completion of next context switch is OK * * This call is optional; usually the pointer is %NULL. When * provided, there is some user memory associated with this regset's * hardware, such as memory backing cached register data on register * window machines; the regset's data controls what user memory is * used (e.g. via the stack pointer value). * * Write register data back to user memory. If the @immediate flag * is nonzero, it must be written to the user memory so uaccess or * access_process_vm() can see it when this call returns; if zero, * then it must be written back by the time the task completes a * context switch (as synchronized with wait_task_inactive()). * Return %0 on success or if there was nothing to do, -%EFAULT for * a memory problem (bad stack pointer or whatever), or -%EIO for a * hardware problem. */ typedef int user_regset_writeback_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, int immediate); /** * struct user_regset - accessible thread CPU state * @n: Number of slots (registers). * @size: Size in bytes of a slot (register). * @align: Required alignment, in bytes. * @bias: Bias from natural indexing. * @core_note_type: ELF note @n_type value used in core dumps. * @get: Function to fetch values. * @set: Function to store values. * @active: Function to report if regset is active, or %NULL. * @writeback: Function to write data back to user memory, or %NULL. * * This data structure describes a machine resource we call a register set. * This is part of the state of an individual thread, not necessarily * actual CPU registers per se. A register set consists of a number of * similar slots, given by @n. Each slot is @size bytes, and aligned to * @align bytes (which is at least @size). For dynamically-sized * regsets, @n must contain the maximum possible number of slots for the * regset. * * For backward compatibility, the @get and @set methods must pad to, or * accept, @n * @size bytes, even if the current regset size is smaller. * The precise semantics of these operations depend on the regset being * accessed. * * The functions to which &struct user_regset members point must be * called only on the current thread or on a thread that is in * %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED state, that we are guaranteed will not * be woken up and return to user mode, and that we have called * wait_task_inactive() on. (The target thread always might wake up for * SIGKILL while these functions are working, in which case that * thread's user_regset state might be scrambled.) * * The @pos argument must be aligned according to @align; the @count * argument must be a multiple of @size. These functions are not * responsible for checking for invalid arguments. * * When there is a natural value to use as an index, @bias gives the * difference between the natural index and the slot index for the * register set. For example, x86 GDT segment descriptors form a regset; * the segment selector produces a natural index, but only a subset of * that index space is available as a regset (the TLS slots); subtracting * @bias from a segment selector index value computes the regset slot. * * If nonzero, @core_note_type gives the n_type field (NT_* value) * of the core file note in which this regset's data appears. * NT_PRSTATUS is a special case in that the regset data starts at * offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) into the note data; that is * part of the per-machine ELF formats userland knows about. In * other cases, the core file note contains exactly the whole regset * (@n * @size) and nothing else. The core file note is normally * omitted when there is an @active function and it returns zero. */ struct user_regset { user_regset_get2_fn *regset_get; user_regset_set_fn *set; user_regset_active_fn *active; user_regset_writeback_fn *writeback; unsigned int n; unsigned int size; unsigned int align; unsigned int bias; unsigned int core_note_type; }; /** * struct user_regset_view - available regsets * @name: Identifier, e.g. UTS_MACHINE string. * @regsets: Array of @n regsets available in this view. * @n: Number of elements in @regsets. * @e_machine: ELF header @e_machine %EM_* value written in core dumps. * @e_flags: ELF header @e_flags value written in core dumps. * @ei_osabi: ELF header @e_ident[%EI_OSABI] value written in core dumps. * * A regset view is a collection of regsets (&struct user_regset, * above). This describes all the state of a thread that can be seen * from a given architecture/ABI environment. More than one view might * refer to the same &struct user_regset, or more than one regset * might refer to the same machine-specific state in the thread. For * example, a 32-bit thread's state could be examined from the 32-bit * view or from the 64-bit view. Either method reaches the same thread * register state, doing appropriate widening or truncation. */ struct user_regset_view { const char *name; const struct user_regset *regsets; unsigned int n; u32 e_flags; u16 e_machine; u8 ei_osabi; }; /* * This is documented here rather than at the definition sites because its * implementation is machine-dependent but its interface is universal. */ /** * task_user_regset_view - Return the process's native regset view. * @tsk: a thread of the process in question * * Return the &struct user_regset_view that is native for the given process. * For example, what it would access when it called ptrace(). * Throughout the life of the process, this only changes at exec. */ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline int user_regset_copyin(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, void *data, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); data += *pos - start_pos; if (*kbuf) { memcpy(data, *kbuf, copy); *kbuf += copy; } else if (__copy_from_user(data, *ubuf, copy)) return -EFAULT; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } static inline int user_regset_copyin_ignore(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); if (*kbuf) *kbuf += copy; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } extern int regset_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void *data); extern int regset_get_alloc(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void **data); extern int copy_regset_to_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, void __user *data); /** * copy_regset_from_user - store into thread's user_regset data from user memory * @target: thread to be examined * @view: &struct user_regset_view describing user thread machine state * @setno: index in @view->regsets * @offset: offset into the regset data, in bytes * @size: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @data: user-mode pointer to copy from */ static inline int copy_regset_from_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, const void __user *data) { const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[setno]; if (!regset->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!access_ok(data, size)) return -EFAULT; return regset->set(target, regset, offset, size, NULL, data); } #endif /* <linux/regset.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the Forwarding Information Base. * * Authors: A.N.Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> */ #ifndef _NET_IP_FIB_H #define _NET_IP_FIB_H #include <net/flow.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <net/fib_rules.h> #include <net/inetpeer.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct fib_config { u8 fc_dst_len; u8 fc_tos; u8 fc_protocol; u8 fc_scope; u8 fc_type; u8 fc_gw_family; /* 2 bytes unused */ u32 fc_table; __be32 fc_dst; union { __be32 fc_gw4; struct in6_addr fc_gw6; }; int fc_oif; u32 fc_flags; u32 fc_priority; __be32 fc_prefsrc; u32 fc_nh_id; struct nlattr *fc_mx; struct rtnexthop *fc_mp; int fc_mx_len; int fc_mp_len; u32 fc_flow; u32 fc_nlflags; struct nl_info fc_nlinfo; struct nlattr *fc_encap; u16 fc_encap_type; }; struct fib_info; struct rtable; struct fib_nh_exception { struct fib_nh_exception __rcu *fnhe_next; int fnhe_genid; __be32 fnhe_daddr; u32 fnhe_pmtu; bool fnhe_mtu_locked; __be32 fnhe_gw; unsigned long fnhe_expires; struct rtable __rcu *fnhe_rth_input; struct rtable __rcu *fnhe_rth_output; unsigned long fnhe_stamp; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct fnhe_hash_bucket { struct fib_nh_exception __rcu *chain; }; #define FNHE_HASH_SHIFT 11 #define FNHE_HASH_SIZE (1 << FNHE_HASH_SHIFT) #define FNHE_RECLAIM_DEPTH 5 struct fib_nh_common { struct net_device *nhc_dev; int nhc_oif; unsigned char nhc_scope; u8 nhc_family; u8 nhc_gw_family; unsigned char nhc_flags; struct lwtunnel_state *nhc_lwtstate; union { __be32 ipv4; struct in6_addr ipv6; } nhc_gw; int nhc_weight; atomic_t nhc_upper_bound; /* v4 specific, but allows fib6_nh with v4 routes */ struct rtable __rcu * __percpu *nhc_pcpu_rth_output; struct rtable __rcu *nhc_rth_input; struct fnhe_hash_bucket __rcu *nhc_exceptions; }; struct fib_nh { struct fib_nh_common nh_common; struct hlist_node nh_hash; struct fib_info *nh_parent; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID __u32 nh_tclassid; #endif __be32 nh_saddr; int nh_saddr_genid; #define fib_nh_family nh_common.nhc_family #define fib_nh_dev nh_common.nhc_dev #define fib_nh_oif nh_common.nhc_oif #define fib_nh_flags nh_common.nhc_flags #define fib_nh_lws nh_common.nhc_lwtstate #define fib_nh_scope nh_common.nhc_scope #define fib_nh_gw_family nh_common.nhc_gw_family #define fib_nh_gw4 nh_common.nhc_gw.ipv4 #define fib_nh_gw6 nh_common.nhc_gw.ipv6 #define fib_nh_weight nh_common.nhc_weight #define fib_nh_upper_bound nh_common.nhc_upper_bound }; /* * This structure contains data shared by many of routes. */ struct nexthop; struct fib_info { struct hlist_node fib_hash; struct hlist_node fib_lhash; struct list_head nh_list; struct net *fib_net; int fib_treeref; refcount_t fib_clntref; unsigned int fib_flags; unsigned char fib_dead; unsigned char fib_protocol; unsigned char fib_scope; unsigned char fib_type; __be32 fib_prefsrc; u32 fib_tb_id; u32 fib_priority; struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics; #define fib_mtu fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_MTU-1] #define fib_window fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_WINDOW-1] #define fib_rtt fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_RTT-1] #define fib_advmss fib_metrics->metrics[RTAX_ADVMSS-1] int fib_nhs; bool fib_nh_is_v6; bool nh_updated; struct nexthop *nh; struct rcu_head rcu; struct fib_nh fib_nh[]; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES struct fib_rule; #endif struct fib_table; struct fib_result { __be32 prefix; unsigned char prefixlen; unsigned char nh_sel; unsigned char type; unsigned char scope; u32 tclassid; struct fib_nh_common *nhc; struct fib_info *fi; struct fib_table *table; struct hlist_head *fa_head; }; struct fib_result_nl { __be32 fl_addr; /* To be looked up*/ u32 fl_mark; unsigned char fl_tos; unsigned char fl_scope; unsigned char tb_id_in; unsigned char tb_id; /* Results */ unsigned char prefixlen; unsigned char nh_sel; unsigned char type; unsigned char scope; int err; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES #define FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ 256 #else #define FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ 2 #endif __be32 fib_info_update_nhc_saddr(struct net *net, struct fib_nh_common *nhc, unsigned char scope); __be32 fib_result_prefsrc(struct net *net, struct fib_result *res); #define FIB_RES_NHC(res) ((res).nhc) #define FIB_RES_DEV(res) (FIB_RES_NHC(res)->nhc_dev) #define FIB_RES_OIF(res) (FIB_RES_NHC(res)->nhc_oif) struct fib_rt_info { struct fib_info *fi; u32 tb_id; __be32 dst; int dst_len; u8 tos; u8 type; u8 offload:1, trap:1, unused:6; }; struct fib_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; /* must be first */ u32 dst; int dst_len; struct fib_info *fi; u8 tos; u8 type; u32 tb_id; }; struct fib_nh_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; /* must be first */ struct fib_nh *fib_nh; }; int call_fib4_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct fib_notifier_info *info); int call_fib4_notifiers(struct net *net, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct fib_notifier_info *info); int __net_init fib4_notifier_init(struct net *net); void __net_exit fib4_notifier_exit(struct net *net); void fib_info_notify_update(struct net *net, struct nl_info *info); int fib_notify(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct fib_table { struct hlist_node tb_hlist; u32 tb_id; int tb_num_default; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned long *tb_data; unsigned long __data[]; }; struct fib_dump_filter { u32 table_id; /* filter_set is an optimization that an entry is set */ bool filter_set; bool dump_routes; bool dump_exceptions; unsigned char protocol; unsigned char rt_type; unsigned int flags; struct net_device *dev; }; int fib_table_lookup(struct fib_table *tb, const struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, int fib_flags); int fib_table_insert(struct net *, struct fib_table *, struct fib_config *, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_table_delete(struct net *, struct fib_table *, struct fib_config *, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_table_dump(struct fib_table *table, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int fib_table_flush(struct net *net, struct fib_table *table, bool flush_all); struct fib_table *fib_trie_unmerge(struct fib_table *main_tb); void fib_table_flush_external(struct fib_table *table); void fib_free_table(struct fib_table *tb); #ifndef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES #define TABLE_LOCAL_INDEX (RT_TABLE_LOCAL & (FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ - 1)) #define TABLE_MAIN_INDEX (RT_TABLE_MAIN & (FIB_TABLE_HASHSZ - 1)) static inline struct fib_table *fib_get_table(struct net *net, u32 id) { struct hlist_node *tb_hlist; struct hlist_head *ptr; ptr = id == RT_TABLE_LOCAL ? &net->ipv4.fib_table_hash[TABLE_LOCAL_INDEX] : &net->ipv4.fib_table_hash[TABLE_MAIN_INDEX]; tb_hlist = rcu_dereference_rtnl(hlist_first_rcu(ptr)); return hlist_entry(tb_hlist, struct fib_table, tb_hlist); } static inline struct fib_table *fib_new_table(struct net *net, u32 id) { return fib_get_table(net, id); } static inline int fib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, unsigned int flags) { struct fib_table *tb; int err = -ENETUNREACH; rcu_read_lock(); tb = fib_get_table(net, RT_TABLE_MAIN); if (tb) err = fib_table_lookup(tb, flp, res, flags | FIB_LOOKUP_NOREF); if (err == -EAGAIN) err = -ENETUNREACH; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } static inline bool fib4_has_custom_rules(const struct net *net) { return false; } static inline bool fib4_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule) { return true; } static inline int fib4_rules_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int fib4_rules_seq_read(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline bool fib4_rules_early_flow_dissect(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct flow_keys *flkeys) { return false; } #else /* CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES */ int __net_init fib4_rules_init(struct net *net); void __net_exit fib4_rules_exit(struct net *net); struct fib_table *fib_new_table(struct net *net, u32 id); struct fib_table *fib_get_table(struct net *net, u32 id); int __fib_lookup(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, unsigned int flags); static inline int fib_lookup(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, unsigned int flags) { struct fib_table *tb; int err = -ENETUNREACH; flags |= FIB_LOOKUP_NOREF; if (net->ipv4.fib_has_custom_rules) return __fib_lookup(net, flp, res, flags); rcu_read_lock(); res->tclassid = 0; tb = rcu_dereference_rtnl(net->ipv4.fib_main); if (tb) err = fib_table_lookup(tb, flp, res, flags); if (!err) goto out; tb = rcu_dereference_rtnl(net->ipv4.fib_default); if (tb) err = fib_table_lookup(tb, flp, res, flags); out: if (err == -EAGAIN) err = -ENETUNREACH; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } static inline bool fib4_has_custom_rules(const struct net *net) { return net->ipv4.fib_has_custom_rules; } bool fib4_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule); int fib4_rules_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned int fib4_rules_seq_read(struct net *net); static inline bool fib4_rules_early_flow_dissect(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct flow_keys *flkeys) { unsigned int flag = FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP; if (!net->ipv4.fib_rules_require_fldissect) return false; skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(skb, flkeys, flag); fl4->fl4_sport = flkeys->ports.src; fl4->fl4_dport = flkeys->ports.dst; fl4->flowi4_proto = flkeys->basic.ip_proto; return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES */ /* Exported by fib_frontend.c */ extern const struct nla_policy rtm_ipv4_policy[]; void ip_fib_init(void); int fib_gw_from_via(struct fib_config *cfg, struct nlattr *nla, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); __be32 fib_compute_spec_dst(struct sk_buff *skb); bool fib_info_nh_uses_dev(struct fib_info *fi, const struct net_device *dev); int fib_validate_source(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst, u8 tos, int oif, struct net_device *dev, struct in_device *idev, u32 *itag); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID static inline int fib_num_tclassid_users(struct net *net) { return net->ipv4.fib_num_tclassid_users; } #else static inline int fib_num_tclassid_users(struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif int fib_unmerge(struct net *net); static inline bool nhc_l3mdev_matches_dev(const struct fib_nh_common *nhc, const struct net_device *dev) { if (nhc->nhc_dev == dev || l3mdev_master_ifindex_rcu(nhc->nhc_dev) == dev->ifindex) return true; return false; } /* Exported by fib_semantics.c */ int ip_fib_check_default(__be32 gw, struct net_device *dev); int fib_sync_down_dev(struct net_device *dev, unsigned long event, bool force); int fib_sync_down_addr(struct net_device *dev, __be32 local); int fib_sync_up(struct net_device *dev, unsigned char nh_flags); void fib_sync_mtu(struct net_device *dev, u32 orig_mtu); void fib_nhc_update_mtu(struct fib_nh_common *nhc, u32 new, u32 orig); #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_MULTIPATH int fib_multipath_hash(const struct net *net, const struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flkeys); #endif int fib_check_nh(struct net *net, struct fib_nh *nh, u32 table, u8 scope, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void fib_select_multipath(struct fib_result *res, int hash); void fib_select_path(struct net *net, struct fib_result *res, struct flowi4 *fl4, const struct sk_buff *skb); int fib_nh_init(struct net *net, struct fib_nh *fib_nh, struct fib_config *cfg, int nh_weight, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void fib_nh_release(struct net *net, struct fib_nh *fib_nh); int fib_nh_common_init(struct net *net, struct fib_nh_common *nhc, struct nlattr *fc_encap, u16 fc_encap_type, void *cfg, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void fib_nh_common_release(struct fib_nh_common *nhc); /* Exported by fib_trie.c */ void fib_alias_hw_flags_set(struct net *net, const struct fib_rt_info *fri); void fib_trie_init(void); struct fib_table *fib_trie_table(u32 id, struct fib_table *alias); bool fib_lookup_good_nhc(const struct fib_nh_common *nhc, int fib_flags, const struct flowi4 *flp); static inline void fib_combine_itag(u32 *itag, const struct fib_result *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID struct fib_nh_common *nhc = res->nhc; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES u32 rtag; #endif if (nhc->nhc_family == AF_INET) { struct fib_nh *nh; nh = container_of(nhc, struct fib_nh, nh_common); *itag = nh->nh_tclassid << 16; } else { *itag = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTIPLE_TABLES rtag = res->tclassid; if (*itag == 0) *itag = (rtag<<16); *itag |= (rtag>>16); #endif #endif } void fib_flush(struct net *net); void free_fib_info(struct fib_info *fi); static inline void fib_info_hold(struct fib_info *fi) { refcount_inc(&fi->fib_clntref); } static inline void fib_info_put(struct fib_info *fi) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&fi->fib_clntref)) free_fib_info(fi); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int __net_init fib_proc_init(struct net *net); void __net_exit fib_proc_exit(struct net *net); #else static inline int fib_proc_init(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline void fib_proc_exit(struct net *net) { } #endif u32 ip_mtu_from_fib_result(struct fib_result *res, __be32 daddr); int ip_valid_fib_dump_req(struct net *net, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct fib_dump_filter *filter, struct netlink_callback *cb); int fib_nexthop_info(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct fib_nh_common *nh, u8 rt_family, unsigned char *flags, bool skip_oif); int fib_add_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct fib_nh_common *nh, int nh_weight, u8 rt_family, u32 nh_tclassid); #endif /* _NET_FIB_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #define __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * bit-based spin_lock() * * Don't use this unless you really need to: spin_lock() and spin_unlock() * are significantly faster. */ static inline void bit_spin_lock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { /* * Assuming the lock is uncontended, this never enters * the body of the outer loop. If it is contended, then * within the inner loop a non-atomic test is used to * busywait with less bus contention for a good time to * attempt to acquire the lock bit. */ preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) while (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); do { cpu_relax(); } while (test_bit(bitnum, addr)); preempt_disable(); } #endif __acquire(bitlock); } /* * Return true if it was acquired */ static inline int bit_spin_trylock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); return 0; } #endif __acquire(bitlock); return 1; } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() */ static inline void bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() * non-atomic version, which can be used eg. if the bit lock itself is * protecting the rest of the flags in the word. */ static inline void __bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) __clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * Return true if the lock is held. */ static inline int bit_spin_is_locked(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) return test_bit(bitnum, addr); #elif defined CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT return preempt_count(); #else return 1; #endif } #endif /* __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H */
14 1 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 #ifndef _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H #define _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #define MMAP_LOCK_INITIALIZER(name) \ .mmap_lock = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER((name).mmap_lock), static inline void mmap_init_lock(struct mm_struct *mm) { init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_write_lock(struct mm_struct *mm) { down_write(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_write_lock_nested(struct mm_struct *mm, int subclass) { down_write_nested(&mm->mmap_lock, subclass); } static inline int mmap_write_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_write_killable(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline bool mmap_write_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_write_trylock(&mm->mmap_lock) != 0; } static inline void mmap_write_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm) { up_write(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_write_downgrade(struct mm_struct *mm) { downgrade_write(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_read_lock(struct mm_struct *mm) { down_read(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline int mmap_read_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_read_killable(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline bool mmap_read_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_lock) != 0; } static inline void mmap_read_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm) { up_read(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline bool mmap_read_trylock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_lock)) { rwsem_release(&mm->mmap_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_); return true; } return false; } static inline void mmap_read_unlock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { up_read_non_owner(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_assert_locked(struct mm_struct *mm) { lockdep_assert_held(&mm->mmap_lock); VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_lock), mm); } static inline void mmap_assert_write_locked(struct mm_struct *mm) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mm->mmap_lock); VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_lock), mm); } static inline int mmap_lock_is_contended(struct mm_struct *mm) { return rwsem_is_contended(&mm->mmap_lock); } #endif /* _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H */
2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/kernel/capability.c * * Copyright (C) 1997 Andrew Main <zefram@fysh.org> * * Integrated into 2.1.97+, Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org> * 30 May 2002: Cleanup, Robert M. Love <rml@tech9.net> */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> /* * Leveraged for setting/resetting capabilities */ const kernel_cap_t __cap_empty_set = CAP_EMPTY_SET; EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cap_empty_set); int file_caps_enabled = 1; static int __init file_caps_disable(char *str) { file_caps_enabled = 0; return 1; } __setup("no_file_caps", file_caps_disable); #ifdef CONFIG_MULTIUSER /* * More recent versions of libcap are available from: * * http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/ */ static void warn_legacy_capability_use(void) { char name[sizeof(current->comm)]; pr_info_once("warning: `%s' uses 32-bit capabilities (legacy support in use)\n", get_task_comm(name, current)); } /* * Version 2 capabilities worked fine, but the linux/capability.h file * that accompanied their introduction encouraged their use without * the necessary user-space source code changes. As such, we have * created a version 3 with equivalent functionality to version 2, but * with a header change to protect legacy source code from using * version 2 when it wanted to use version 1. If your system has code * that trips the following warning, it is using version 2 specific * capabilities and may be doing so insecurely. * * The remedy is to either upgrade your version of libcap (to 2.10+, * if the application is linked against it), or recompile your * application with modern kernel headers and this warning will go * away. */ static void warn_deprecated_v2(void) { char name[sizeof(current->comm)]; pr_info_once("warning: `%s' uses deprecated v2 capabilities in a way that may be insecure\n", get_task_comm(name, current)); } /* * Version check. Return the number of u32s in each capability flag * array, or a negative value on error. */ static int cap_validate_magic(cap_user_header_t header, unsigned *tocopy) { __u32 version; if (get_user(version, &header->version)) return -EFAULT; switch (version) { case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_1: warn_legacy_capability_use(); *tocopy = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_1; break; case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_2: warn_deprecated_v2(); fallthrough; /* v3 is otherwise equivalent to v2 */ case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3: *tocopy = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3; break; default: if (put_user((u32)_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_VERSION, &header->version)) return -EFAULT; return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * The only thing that can change the capabilities of the current * process is the current process. As such, we can't be in this code * at the same time as we are in the process of setting capabilities * in this process. The net result is that we can limit our use of * locks to when we are reading the caps of another process. */ static inline int cap_get_target_pid(pid_t pid, kernel_cap_t *pEp, kernel_cap_t *pIp, kernel_cap_t *pPp) { int ret; if (pid && (pid != task_pid_vnr(current))) { struct task_struct *target; rcu_read_lock(); target = find_task_by_vpid(pid); if (!target) ret = -ESRCH; else ret = security_capget(target, pEp, pIp, pPp); rcu_read_unlock(); } else ret = security_capget(current, pEp, pIp, pPp); return ret; } /** * sys_capget - get the capabilities of a given process. * @header: pointer to struct that contains capability version and * target pid data * @dataptr: pointer to struct that contains the effective, permitted, * and inheritable capabilities that are returned * * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(capget, cap_user_header_t, header, cap_user_data_t, dataptr) { int ret = 0; pid_t pid; unsigned tocopy; kernel_cap_t pE, pI, pP; ret = cap_validate_magic(header, &tocopy); if ((dataptr == NULL) || (ret != 0)) return ((dataptr == NULL) && (ret == -EINVAL)) ? 0 : ret; if (get_user(pid, &header->pid)) return -EFAULT; if (pid < 0) return -EINVAL; ret = cap_get_target_pid(pid, &pE, &pI, &pP); if (!ret) { struct __user_cap_data_struct kdata[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S]; unsigned i; for (i = 0; i < tocopy; i++) { kdata[i].effective = pE.cap[i]; kdata[i].permitted = pP.cap[i]; kdata[i].inheritable = pI.cap[i]; } /* * Note, in the case, tocopy < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S, * we silently drop the upper capabilities here. This * has the effect of making older libcap * implementations implicitly drop upper capability * bits when they perform a: capget/modify/capset * sequence. * * This behavior is considered fail-safe * behavior. Upgrading the application to a newer * version of libcap will enable access to the newer * capabilities. * * An alternative would be to return an error here * (-ERANGE), but that causes legacy applications to * unexpectedly fail; the capget/modify/capset aborts * before modification is attempted and the application * fails. */ if (copy_to_user(dataptr, kdata, tocopy * sizeof(struct __user_cap_data_struct))) { return -EFAULT; } } return ret; } /** * sys_capset - set capabilities for a process or (*) a group of processes * @header: pointer to struct that contains capability version and * target pid data * @data: pointer to struct that contains the effective, permitted, * and inheritable capabilities * * Set capabilities for the current process only. The ability to any other * process(es) has been deprecated and removed. * * The restrictions on setting capabilities are specified as: * * I: any raised capabilities must be a subset of the old permitted * P: any raised capabilities must be a subset of the old permitted * E: must be set to a subset of new permitted * * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(capset, cap_user_header_t, header, const cap_user_data_t, data) { struct __user_cap_data_struct kdata[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S]; unsigned i, tocopy, copybytes; kernel_cap_t inheritable, permitted, effective; struct cred *new; int ret; pid_t pid; ret = cap_validate_magic(header, &tocopy); if (ret != 0) return ret; if (get_user(pid, &header->pid)) return -EFAULT; /* may only affect current now */ if (pid != 0 && pid != task_pid_vnr(current)) return -EPERM; copybytes = tocopy * sizeof(struct __user_cap_data_struct); if (copybytes > sizeof(kdata)) return -EFAULT; if (copy_from_user(&kdata, data, copybytes)) return -EFAULT; for (i = 0; i < tocopy; i++) { effective.cap[i] = kdata[i].effective; permitted.cap[i] = kdata[i].permitted; inheritable.cap[i] = kdata[i].inheritable; } while (i < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S) { effective.cap[i] = 0; permitted.cap[i] = 0; inheritable.cap[i] = 0; i++; } effective.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; permitted.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; inheritable.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; ret = security_capset(new, current_cred(), &effective, &inheritable, &permitted); if (ret < 0) goto error; audit_log_capset(new, current_cred()); return commit_creds(new); error: abort_creds(new); return ret; } /** * has_ns_capability - Does a task have a capability in a specific user ns * @t: The task in question * @ns: target user namespace * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to the specified user namespace, false if not. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_ns_capability(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { int ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = security_capable(__task_cred(t), ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NONE); rcu_read_unlock(); return (ret == 0); } /** * has_capability - Does a task have a capability in init_user_ns * @t: The task in question * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to the initial user namespace, false if not. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_capability(struct task_struct *t, int cap) { return has_ns_capability(t, &init_user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(has_capability); /** * has_ns_capability_noaudit - Does a task have a capability (unaudited) * in a specific user ns. * @t: The task in question * @ns: target user namespace * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to the specified user namespace, false if not. * Do not write an audit message for the check. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_ns_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { int ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = security_capable(__task_cred(t), ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT); rcu_read_unlock(); return (ret == 0); } /** * has_capability_noaudit - Does a task have a capability (unaudited) in the * initial user ns * @t: The task in question * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to init_user_ns, false if not. Don't write an * audit message for the check. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, int cap) { return has_ns_capability_noaudit(t, &init_user_ns, cap); } static bool ns_capable_common(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap, unsigned int opts) { int capable; if (unlikely(!cap_valid(cap))) { pr_crit("capable() called with invalid cap=%u\n", cap); BUG(); } capable = security_capable(current_cred(), ns, cap, opts); if (capable == 0) { current->flags |= PF_SUPERPRIV; return true; } return false; } /** * ns_capable - Determine if the current task has a superior capability in effect * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool ns_capable(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return ns_capable_common(ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NONE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ns_capable); /** * ns_capable_noaudit - Determine if the current task has a superior capability * (unaudited) in effect * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool ns_capable_noaudit(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return ns_capable_common(ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ns_capable_noaudit); /** * ns_capable_setid - Determine if the current task has a superior capability * in effect, while signalling that this check is being done from within a * setid or setgroups syscall. * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool ns_capable_setid(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return ns_capable_common(ns, cap, CAP_OPT_INSETID); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ns_capable_setid); /** * capable - Determine if the current task has a superior capability in effect * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool capable(int cap) { return ns_capable(&init_user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(capable); #endif /* CONFIG_MULTIUSER */ /** * file_ns_capable - Determine if the file's opener had a capability in effect * @file: The file we want to check * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if task that opened the file had a capability in effect * when the file was opened. * * This does not set PF_SUPERPRIV because the caller may not * actually be privileged. */ bool file_ns_capable(const struct file *file, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!cap_valid(cap))) return false; if (security_capable(file->f_cred, ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NONE) == 0) return true; return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_ns_capable); /** * privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid - Do capabilities in the namespace work over the inode? * @ns: The user namespace in question * @inode: The inode in question * * Return true if the inode uid and gid are within the namespace. */ bool privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid(struct user_namespace *ns, const struct inode *inode) { return kuid_has_mapping(ns, inode->i_uid) && kgid_has_mapping(ns, inode->i_gid); } /** * capable_wrt_inode_uidgid - Check nsown_capable and uid and gid mapped * @inode: The inode in question * @cap: The capability in question * * Return true if the current task has the given capability targeted at * its own user namespace and that the given inode's uid and gid are * mapped into the current user namespace. */ bool capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(const struct inode *inode, int cap) { struct user_namespace *ns = current_user_ns(); return ns_capable(ns, cap) && privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid(ns, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(capable_wrt_inode_uidgid); /** * ptracer_capable - Determine if the ptracer holds CAP_SYS_PTRACE in the namespace * @tsk: The task that may be ptraced * @ns: The user namespace to search for CAP_SYS_PTRACE in * * Return true if the task that is ptracing the current task had CAP_SYS_PTRACE * in the specified user namespace. */ bool ptracer_capable(struct task_struct *tsk, struct user_namespace *ns) { int ret = 0; /* An absent tracer adds no restrictions */ const struct cred *cred; rcu_read_lock(); cred = rcu_dereference(tsk->ptracer_cred); if (cred) ret = security_capable(cred, ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT); rcu_read_unlock(); return (ret == 0); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #define __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kern_levels.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> extern const char linux_banner[]; extern const char linux_proc_banner[]; extern int oops_in_progress; /* If set, an oops, panic(), BUG() or die() is in progress */ #define PRINTK_MAX_SINGLE_HEADER_LEN 2 static inline int printk_get_level(const char *buffer) { if (buffer[0] == KERN_SOH_ASCII && buffer[1]) { switch (buffer[1]) { case '0' ... '7': case 'c': /* KERN_CONT */ return buffer[1]; } } return 0; } static inline const char *printk_skip_level(const char *buffer) { if (printk_get_level(buffer)) return buffer + 2; return buffer; } static inline const char *printk_skip_headers(const char *buffer) { while (printk_get_level(buffer)) buffer = printk_skip_level(buffer); return buffer; } #define CONSOLE_EXT_LOG_MAX 8192 /* printk's without a loglevel use this.. */ #define MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT /* We show everything that is MORE important than this.. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT 0 /* Mum's the word */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MIN 1 /* Minimum loglevel we let people use */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEBUG 10 /* issue debug messages */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH 15 /* You can't shut this one up */ /* * Default used to be hard-coded at 7, quiet used to be hardcoded at 4, * we're now allowing both to be set from kernel config. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET extern int console_printk[]; #define console_loglevel (console_printk[0]) #define default_message_loglevel (console_printk[1]) #define minimum_console_loglevel (console_printk[2]) #define default_console_loglevel (console_printk[3]) static inline void console_silent(void) { console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT; } static inline void console_verbose(void) { if (console_loglevel) console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH; } /* strlen("ratelimit") + 1 */ #define DEVKMSG_STR_MAX_SIZE 10 extern char devkmsg_log_str[]; struct ctl_table; extern int suppress_printk; struct va_format { const char *fmt; va_list *va; }; /* * FW_BUG * Add this to a message where you are sure the firmware is buggy or behaves * really stupid or out of spec. Be aware that the responsible BIOS developer * should be able to fix this issue or at least get a concrete idea of the * problem by reading your message without the need of looking at the kernel * code. * * Use it for definite and high priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_WARN * Use it for not that clear (e.g. could the kernel messed up things already?) * and medium priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_INFO * Use this one if you want to tell the user or vendor about something * suspicious, but generally harmless related to the firmware. * * Use it for information or very low priority BIOS bugs. */ #define FW_BUG "[Firmware Bug]: " #define FW_WARN "[Firmware Warn]: " #define FW_INFO "[Firmware Info]: " /* * HW_ERR * Add this to a message for hardware errors, so that user can report * it to hardware vendor instead of LKML or software vendor. */ #define HW_ERR "[Hardware Error]: " /* * DEPRECATED * Add this to a message whenever you want to warn user space about the use * of a deprecated aspect of an API so they can stop using it */ #define DEPRECATED "[Deprecated]: " /* * Dummy printk for disabled debugging statements to use whilst maintaining * gcc's format checking. */ #define no_printk(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ if (0) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK extern asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) void early_printk(const char *fmt, ...); #else static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold void early_printk(const char *s, ...) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK_NMI extern void printk_nmi_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_exit(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void); #else static inline void printk_nmi_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_exit(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void) { } #endif /* PRINTK_NMI */ struct dev_printk_info; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK asmlinkage __printf(4, 0) int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level, const struct dev_printk_info *dev_info, const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Special printk facility for scheduler/timekeeping use only, _DO_NOT_USE_ ! */ __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Please don't use printk_ratelimit(), because it shares ratelimiting state * with all other unrelated printk_ratelimit() callsites. Instead use * printk_ratelimited() or plain old __ratelimit(). */ extern int __printk_ratelimit(const char *func); #define printk_ratelimit() __printk_ratelimit(__func__) extern bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec); extern int printk_delay_msec; extern int dmesg_restrict; extern int devkmsg_sysctl_set_loglvl(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buf, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); extern void wake_up_klogd(void); char *log_buf_addr_get(void); u32 log_buf_len_get(void); void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void); void __init setup_log_buf(int early); __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...); void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl); void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl); extern asmlinkage void dump_stack(void) __cold; extern void printk_safe_flush(void); extern void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void); #else static inline __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *s, va_list args) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline int printk_ratelimit(void) { return 0; } static inline bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec) { return false; } static inline void wake_up_klogd(void) { } static inline char *log_buf_addr_get(void) { return NULL; } static inline u32 log_buf_len_get(void) { return 0; } static inline void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void) { } static inline void setup_log_buf(int early) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void dump_stack(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void) { } #endif extern int kptr_restrict; /** * pr_fmt - used by the pr_*() macros to generate the printk format string * @fmt: format string passed from a pr_*() macro * * This macro can be used to generate a unified format string for pr_*() * macros. A common use is to prefix all pr_*() messages in a file with a common * string. For example, defining this at the top of a source file: * * #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt * * would prefix all pr_info, pr_emerg... messages in the file with the module * name. */ #ifndef pr_fmt #define pr_fmt(fmt) fmt #endif /** * pr_emerg - Print an emergency-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_EMERG loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_emerg(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_alert - Print an alert-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ALERT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_alert(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_crit - Print a critical-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CRIT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_crit(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_err - Print an error-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ERR loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_err(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_warn - Print a warning-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_WARNING loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() * to generate the format string. */ #define pr_warn(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_notice - Print a notice-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_NOTICE loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_notice(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_info - Print an info-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_INFO loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_info(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_cont - Continues a previous log message in the same line. * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CONT loglevel. It should only be * used when continuing a log message with no newline ('\n') enclosed. Otherwise * it defaults back to KERN_DEFAULT loglevel. */ #define pr_cont(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CONT fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_devel - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_DEBUG loglevel if DEBUG is * defined. Otherwise it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string. */ #ifdef DEBUG #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #include <linux/dynamic_debug.h> /** * pr_debug - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to dynamic_pr_debug() if CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG is * set. Otherwise, if DEBUG is defined, it's equivalent to a printk with * KERN_DEBUG loglevel. If DEBUG is not defined it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string (dynamic_pr_debug() uses * pr_fmt() internally). */ #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ dynamic_pr_debug(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Print a one-time message (analogous to WARN_ONCE() et al): */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk_deferred(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #else #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_once, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * ratelimited messages with local ratelimit_state, * no local ratelimit_state used in the !PRINTK case */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ \ if (__ratelimit(&_rs)) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ }) #else #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_ratelimited, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) /* descriptor check is first to prevent flooding with "callbacks suppressed" */ #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ do { \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ DEFINE_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_METADATA(descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt)); \ if (DYNAMIC_DEBUG_BRANCH(descriptor) && \ __ratelimit(&_rs)) \ __dynamic_pr_debug(&descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif extern const struct file_operations kmsg_fops; enum { DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET }; extern int hex_dump_to_buffer(const void *buf, size_t len, int rowsize, int groupsize, char *linebuf, size_t linebuflen, bool ascii); #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK extern void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); #else static inline void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } static inline void print_hex_dump_bytes(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, const void *buf, size_t len) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ dynamic_hex_dump(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #else static inline void print_hex_dump_debug(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } #endif /** * print_hex_dump_bytes - shorthand form of print_hex_dump() with default params * @prefix_str: string to prefix each line with; * caller supplies trailing spaces for alignment if desired * @prefix_type: controls whether prefix of an offset, address, or none * is printed (%DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, %DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, %DUMP_PREFIX_NONE) * @buf: data blob to dump * @len: number of bytes in the @buf * * Calls print_hex_dump(), with log level of KERN_DEBUG, * rowsize of 16, groupsize of 1, and ASCII output included. */ #define print_hex_dump_bytes(prefix_str, prefix_type, buf, len) \ print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, 16, 1, buf, len, true) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM compaction #if !defined(_TRACE_COMPACTION_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_COMPACTION_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_isolate_template, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, start_pfn) __field(unsigned long, end_pfn) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->start_pfn = start_pfn; __entry->end_pfn = end_pfn; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; ), TP_printk("range=(0x%lx ~ 0x%lx) nr_scanned=%lu nr_taken=%lu", __entry->start_pfn, __entry->end_pfn, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_migratepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_freepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_migratepages, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_all, int migrate_rc, struct list_head *migratepages), TP_ARGS(nr_all, migrate_rc, migratepages), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_migrated) __field(unsigned long, nr_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long nr_failed = 0; struct list_head *page_lru; /* * migrate_pages() returns either a non-negative number * with the number of pages that failed migration, or an * error code, in which case we need to count the remaining * pages manually */ if (migrate_rc >= 0) nr_failed = migrate_rc; else list_for_each(page_lru, migratepages) nr_failed++; __entry->nr_migrated = nr_all - nr_failed; __entry->nr_failed = nr_failed; ), TP_printk("nr_migrated=%lu nr_failed=%lu", __entry->nr_migrated, __entry->nr_failed) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_begin, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async") ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync, int status), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync, status), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) __field(int, status) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; __entry->status = status; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s status=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async", __print_symbolic(__entry->status, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_try_to_compact_pages, TP_PROTO( int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, int prio), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_mask, prio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_mask) __field(int, prio) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_mask = gfp_mask; __entry->prio = prio; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_mask=%s priority=%d", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_mask), __entry->prio) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_suitable_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d ret=%s", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->ret, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_finished, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_suitable, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_defer_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned int, considered) __field(unsigned int, defer_shift) __field(int, order_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->considered = zone->compact_considered; __entry->defer_shift = zone->compact_defer_shift; __entry->order_failed = zone->compact_order_failed; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d order_failed=%d consider=%u limit=%lu", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->order_failed, __entry->considered, 1UL << __entry->defer_shift) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_deferred, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_compaction, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_reset, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_kcompactd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kcompactd_wake_template, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(enum zone_type, highest_zoneidx) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; ), /* * classzone_idx is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d classzone_idx=%-8s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->highest_zoneidx, ZONE_TYPE)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_wakeup_kcompactd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_kcompactd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); #endif #endif /* _TRACE_COMPACTION_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * fs/kernfs/file.c - kernfs file implementation * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include "kernfs-internal.h" /* * There's one kernfs_open_file for each open file and one kernfs_open_node * for each kernfs_node with one or more open files. * * kernfs_node->attr.open points to kernfs_open_node. attr.open is * protected by kernfs_open_node_lock. * * filp->private_data points to seq_file whose ->private points to * kernfs_open_file. kernfs_open_files are chained at * kernfs_open_node->files, which is protected by kernfs_open_file_mutex. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kernfs_open_node_lock); static DEFINE_MUTEX(kernfs_open_file_mutex); struct kernfs_open_node { atomic_t refcnt; atomic_t event; wait_queue_head_t poll; struct list_head files; /* goes through kernfs_open_file.list */ }; /* * kernfs_notify() may be called from any context and bounces notifications * through a work item. To minimize space overhead in kernfs_node, the * pending queue is implemented as a singly linked list of kernfs_nodes. * The list is terminated with the self pointer so that whether a * kernfs_node is on the list or not can be determined by testing the next * pointer for NULL. */ #define KERNFS_NOTIFY_EOL ((void *)&kernfs_notify_list) static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kernfs_notify_lock); static struct kernfs_node *kernfs_notify_list = KERNFS_NOTIFY_EOL; static struct kernfs_open_file *kernfs_of(struct file *file) { return ((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private; } /* * Determine the kernfs_ops for the given kernfs_node. This function must * be called while holding an active reference. */ static const struct kernfs_ops *kernfs_ops(struct kernfs_node *kn) { if (kn->flags & KERNFS_LOCKDEP) lockdep_assert_held(kn); return kn->attr.ops; } /* * As kernfs_seq_stop() is also called after kernfs_seq_start() or * kernfs_seq_next() failure, it needs to distinguish whether it's stopping * a seq_file iteration which is fully initialized with an active reference * or an aborted kernfs_seq_start() due to get_active failure. The * position pointer is the only context for each seq_file iteration and * thus the stop condition should be encoded in it. As the return value is * directly visible to userland, ERR_PTR(-ENODEV) is the only acceptable * choice to indicate get_active failure. * * Unfortunately, this is complicated due to the optional custom seq_file * operations which may return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV) too. kernfs_seq_stop() * can't distinguish whether ERR_PTR(-ENODEV) is from get_active failure or * custom seq_file operations and thus can't decide whether put_active * should be performed or not only on ERR_PTR(-ENODEV). * * This is worked around by factoring out the custom seq_stop() and * put_active part into kernfs_seq_stop_active(), skipping it from * kernfs_seq_stop() if ERR_PTR(-ENODEV) while invoking it directly after * custom seq_file operations fail with ERR_PTR(-ENODEV) - this ensures * that kernfs_seq_stop_active() is skipped only after get_active failure. */ static void kernfs_seq_stop_active(struct seq_file *sf, void *v) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = sf->private; const struct kernfs_ops *ops = kernfs_ops(of->kn); if (ops->seq_stop) ops->seq_stop(sf, v); kernfs_put_active(of->kn); } static void *kernfs_seq_start(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = sf->private; const struct kernfs_ops *ops; /* * @of->mutex nests outside active ref and is primarily to ensure that * the ops aren't called concurrently for the same open file. */ mutex_lock(&of->mutex); if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); ops = kernfs_ops(of->kn); if (ops->seq_start) { void *next = ops->seq_start(sf, ppos); /* see the comment above kernfs_seq_stop_active() */ if (next == ERR_PTR(-ENODEV)) kernfs_seq_stop_active(sf, next); return next; } else { /* * The same behavior and code as single_open(). Returns * !NULL if pos is at the beginning; otherwise, NULL. */ return NULL + !*ppos; } } static void *kernfs_seq_next(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = sf->private; const struct kernfs_ops *ops = kernfs_ops(of->kn); if (ops->seq_next) { void *next = ops->seq_next(sf, v, ppos); /* see the comment above kernfs_seq_stop_active() */ if (next == ERR_PTR(-ENODEV)) kernfs_seq_stop_active(sf, next); return next; } else { /* * The same behavior and code as single_open(), always * terminate after the initial read. */ ++*ppos; return NULL; } } static void kernfs_seq_stop(struct seq_file *sf, void *v) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = sf->private; if (v != ERR_PTR(-ENODEV)) kernfs_seq_stop_active(sf, v); mutex_unlock(&of->mutex); } static int kernfs_seq_show(struct seq_file *sf, void *v) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = sf->private; of->event = atomic_read(&of->kn->attr.open->event); return of->kn->attr.ops->seq_show(sf, v); } static const struct seq_operations kernfs_seq_ops = { .start = kernfs_seq_start, .next = kernfs_seq_next, .stop = kernfs_seq_stop, .show = kernfs_seq_show, }; /* * As reading a bin file can have side-effects, the exact offset and bytes * specified in read(2) call should be passed to the read callback making * it difficult to use seq_file. Implement simplistic custom buffering for * bin files. */ static ssize_t kernfs_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(iocb->ki_filp); ssize_t len = min_t(size_t, iov_iter_count(iter), PAGE_SIZE); const struct kernfs_ops *ops; char *buf; buf = of->prealloc_buf; if (buf) mutex_lock(&of->prealloc_mutex); else buf = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) return -ENOMEM; /* * @of->mutex nests outside active ref and is used both to ensure that * the ops aren't called concurrently for the same open file. */ mutex_lock(&of->mutex); if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) { len = -ENODEV; mutex_unlock(&of->mutex); goto out_free; } of->event = atomic_read(&of->kn->attr.open->event); ops = kernfs_ops(of->kn); if (ops->read) len = ops->read(of, buf, len, iocb->ki_pos); else len = -EINVAL; kernfs_put_active(of->kn); mutex_unlock(&of->mutex); if (len < 0) goto out_free; if (copy_to_iter(buf, len, iter) != len) { len = -EFAULT; goto out_free; } iocb->ki_pos += len; out_free: if (buf == of->prealloc_buf) mutex_unlock(&of->prealloc_mutex); else kfree(buf); return len; } static ssize_t kernfs_fop_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { if (kernfs_of(iocb->ki_filp)->kn->flags & KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW) return seq_read_iter(iocb, iter); return kernfs_file_read_iter(iocb, iter); } /* * Copy data in from userland and pass it to the matching kernfs write * operation. * * There is no easy way for us to know if userspace is only doing a partial * write, so we don't support them. We expect the entire buffer to come on * the first write. Hint: if you're writing a value, first read the file, * modify only the the value you're changing, then write entire buffer * back. */ static ssize_t kernfs_fop_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(iocb->ki_filp); ssize_t len = iov_iter_count(iter); const struct kernfs_ops *ops; char *buf; if (of->atomic_write_len) { if (len > of->atomic_write_len) return -E2BIG; } else { len = min_t(size_t, len, PAGE_SIZE); } buf = of->prealloc_buf; if (buf) mutex_lock(&of->prealloc_mutex); else buf = kmalloc(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) return -ENOMEM; if (copy_from_iter(buf, len, iter) != len) { len = -EFAULT; goto out_free; } buf[len] = '\0'; /* guarantee string termination */ /* * @of->mutex nests outside active ref and is used both to ensure that * the ops aren't called concurrently for the same open file. */ mutex_lock(&of->mutex); if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) { mutex_unlock(&of->mutex); len = -ENODEV; goto out_free; } ops = kernfs_ops(of->kn); if (ops->write) len = ops->write(of, buf, len, iocb->ki_pos); else len = -EINVAL; kernfs_put_active(of->kn); mutex_unlock(&of->mutex); if (len > 0) iocb->ki_pos += len; out_free: if (buf == of->prealloc_buf) mutex_unlock(&of->prealloc_mutex); else kfree(buf); return len; } static void kernfs_vma_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *file = vma->vm_file; struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(file); if (!of->vm_ops) return; if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) return; if (of->vm_ops->open) of->vm_ops->open(vma); kernfs_put_active(of->kn); } static vm_fault_t kernfs_vma_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(file); vm_fault_t ret; if (!of->vm_ops) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (of->vm_ops->fault) ret = of->vm_ops->fault(vmf); kernfs_put_active(of->kn); return ret; } static vm_fault_t kernfs_vma_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(file); vm_fault_t ret; if (!of->vm_ops) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = 0; if (of->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) ret = of->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); else file_update_time(file); kernfs_put_active(of->kn); return ret; } static int kernfs_vma_access(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { struct file *file = vma->vm_file; struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(file); int ret; if (!of->vm_ops) return -EINVAL; if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) return -EINVAL; ret = -EINVAL; if (of->vm_ops->access) ret = of->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); kernfs_put_active(of->kn); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static int kernfs_vma_set_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new) { struct file *file = vma->vm_file; struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(file); int ret; if (!of->vm_ops) return 0; if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) return -EINVAL; ret = 0; if (of->vm_ops->set_policy) ret = of->vm_ops->set_policy(vma, new); kernfs_put_active(of->kn); return ret; } static struct mempolicy *kernfs_vma_get_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct file *file = vma->vm_file; struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(file); struct mempolicy *pol; if (!of->vm_ops) return vma->vm_policy; if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) return vma->vm_policy; pol = vma->vm_policy; if (of->vm_ops->get_policy) pol = of->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); kernfs_put_active(of->kn); return pol; } #endif static const struct vm_operations_struct kernfs_vm_ops = { .open = kernfs_vma_open, .fault = kernfs_vma_fault, .page_mkwrite = kernfs_vma_page_mkwrite, .access = kernfs_vma_access, #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA .set_policy = kernfs_vma_set_policy, .get_policy = kernfs_vma_get_policy, #endif }; static int kernfs_fop_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(file); const struct kernfs_ops *ops; int rc; /* * mmap path and of->mutex are prone to triggering spurious lockdep * warnings and we don't want to add spurious locking dependency * between the two. Check whether mmap is actually implemented * without grabbing @of->mutex by testing HAS_MMAP flag. See the * comment in kernfs_file_open() for more details. */ if (!(of->kn->flags & KERNFS_HAS_MMAP)) return -ENODEV; mutex_lock(&of->mutex); rc = -ENODEV; if (!kernfs_get_active(of->kn)) goto out_unlock; ops = kernfs_ops(of->kn); rc = ops->mmap(of, vma); if (rc) goto out_put; /* * PowerPC's pci_mmap of legacy_mem uses shmem_zero_setup() * to satisfy versions of X which crash if the mmap fails: that * substitutes a new vm_file, and we don't then want bin_vm_ops. */ if (vma->vm_file != file) goto out_put; rc = -EINVAL; if (of->mmapped && of->vm_ops != vma->vm_ops) goto out_put; /* * It is not possible to successfully wrap close. * So error if someone is trying to use close. */ rc = -EINVAL; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close) goto out_put; rc = 0; of->mmapped = true; of->vm_ops = vma->vm_ops; vma->vm_ops = &kernfs_vm_ops; out_put: kernfs_put_active(of->kn); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&of->mutex); return rc; } /** * kernfs_get_open_node - get or create kernfs_open_node * @kn: target kernfs_node * @of: kernfs_open_file for this instance of open * * If @kn->attr.open exists, increment its reference count; otherwise, * create one. @of is chained to the files list. * * LOCKING: * Kernel thread context (may sleep). * * RETURNS: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ static int kernfs_get_open_node(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_open_file *of) { struct kernfs_open_node *on, *new_on = NULL; retry: mutex_lock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&kernfs_open_node_lock); if (!kn->attr.open && new_on) { kn->attr.open = new_on; new_on = NULL; } on = kn->attr.open; if (on) { atomic_inc(&on->refcnt); list_add_tail(&of->list, &on->files); } spin_unlock_irq(&kernfs_open_node_lock); mutex_unlock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); if (on) { kfree(new_on); return 0; } /* not there, initialize a new one and retry */ new_on = kmalloc(sizeof(*new_on), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_on) return -ENOMEM; atomic_set(&new_on->refcnt, 0); atomic_set(&new_on->event, 1); init_waitqueue_head(&new_on->poll); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_on->files); goto retry; } /** * kernfs_put_open_node - put kernfs_open_node * @kn: target kernfs_nodet * @of: associated kernfs_open_file * * Put @kn->attr.open and unlink @of from the files list. If * reference count reaches zero, disassociate and free it. * * LOCKING: * None. */ static void kernfs_put_open_node(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_open_file *of) { struct kernfs_open_node *on = kn->attr.open; unsigned long flags; mutex_lock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); spin_lock_irqsave(&kernfs_open_node_lock, flags); if (of) list_del(&of->list); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&on->refcnt)) kn->attr.open = NULL; else on = NULL; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kernfs_open_node_lock, flags); mutex_unlock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); kfree(on); } static int kernfs_fop_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct kernfs_node *kn = inode->i_private; struct kernfs_root *root = kernfs_root(kn); const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_file *of; bool has_read, has_write, has_mmap; int error = -EACCES; if (!kernfs_get_active(kn)) return -ENODEV; ops = kernfs_ops(kn); has_read = ops->seq_show || ops->read || ops->mmap; has_write = ops->write || ops->mmap; has_mmap = ops->mmap; /* see the flag definition for details */ if (root->flags & KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK) { if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && (!(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO) || !has_write)) goto err_out; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && (!(inode->i_mode & S_IRUGO) || !has_read)) goto err_out; } /* allocate a kernfs_open_file for the file */ error = -ENOMEM; of = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kernfs_open_file), GFP_KERNEL); if (!of) goto err_out; /* * The following is done to give a different lockdep key to * @of->mutex for files which implement mmap. This is a rather * crude way to avoid false positive lockdep warning around * mm->mmap_lock - mmap nests @of->mutex under mm->mmap_lock and * reading /sys/block/sda/trace/act_mask grabs sr_mutex, under * which mm->mmap_lock nests, while holding @of->mutex. As each * open file has a separate mutex, it's okay as long as those don't * happen on the same file. At this point, we can't easily give * each file a separate locking class. Let's differentiate on * whether the file has mmap or not for now. * * Both paths of the branch look the same. They're supposed to * look that way and give @of->mutex different static lockdep keys. */ if (has_mmap) mutex_init(&of->mutex); else mutex_init(&of->mutex); of->kn = kn; of->file = file; /* * Write path needs to atomic_write_len outside active reference. * Cache it in open_file. See kernfs_fop_write_iter() for details. */ of->atomic_write_len = ops->atomic_write_len; error = -EINVAL; /* * ->seq_show is incompatible with ->prealloc, * as seq_read does its own allocation. * ->read must be used instead. */ if (ops->prealloc && ops->seq_show) goto err_free; if (ops->prealloc) { int len = of->atomic_write_len ?: PAGE_SIZE; of->prealloc_buf = kmalloc(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL); error = -ENOMEM; if (!of->prealloc_buf) goto err_free; mutex_init(&of->prealloc_mutex); } /* * Always instantiate seq_file even if read access doesn't use * seq_file or is not requested. This unifies private data access * and readable regular files are the vast majority anyway. */ if (ops->seq_show) error = seq_open(file, &kernfs_seq_ops); else error = seq_open(file, NULL); if (error) goto err_free; of->seq_file = file->private_data; of->seq_file->private = of; /* seq_file clears PWRITE unconditionally, restore it if WRITE */ if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) file->f_mode |= FMODE_PWRITE; /* make sure we have open node struct */ error = kernfs_get_open_node(kn, of); if (error) goto err_seq_release; if (ops->open) { /* nobody has access to @of yet, skip @of->mutex */ error = ops->open(of); if (error) goto err_put_node; } /* open succeeded, put active references */ kernfs_put_active(kn); return 0; err_put_node: kernfs_put_open_node(kn, of); err_seq_release: seq_release(inode, file); err_free: kfree(of->prealloc_buf); kfree(of); err_out: kernfs_put_active(kn); return error; } /* used from release/drain to ensure that ->release() is called exactly once */ static void kernfs_release_file(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_open_file *of) { /* * @of is guaranteed to have no other file operations in flight and * we just want to synchronize release and drain paths. * @kernfs_open_file_mutex is enough. @of->mutex can't be used * here because drain path may be called from places which can * cause circular dependency. */ lockdep_assert_held(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); if (!of->released) { /* * A file is never detached without being released and we * need to be able to release files which are deactivated * and being drained. Don't use kernfs_ops(). */ kn->attr.ops->release(of); of->released = true; } } static int kernfs_fop_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct kernfs_node *kn = inode->i_private; struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(filp); if (kn->flags & KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE) { mutex_lock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); kernfs_release_file(kn, of); mutex_unlock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); } kernfs_put_open_node(kn, of); seq_release(inode, filp); kfree(of->prealloc_buf); kfree(of); return 0; } void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn) { struct kernfs_open_node *on; struct kernfs_open_file *of; if (!(kn->flags & (KERNFS_HAS_MMAP | KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE))) return; spin_lock_irq(&kernfs_open_node_lock); on = kn->attr.open; if (on) atomic_inc(&on->refcnt); spin_unlock_irq(&kernfs_open_node_lock); if (!on) return; mutex_lock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); list_for_each_entry(of, &on->files, list) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(of->file); if (kn->flags & KERNFS_HAS_MMAP) unmap_mapping_range(inode->i_mapping, 0, 0, 1); if (kn->flags & KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE) kernfs_release_file(kn, of); } mutex_unlock(&kernfs_open_file_mutex); kernfs_put_open_node(kn, NULL); } /* * Kernfs attribute files are pollable. The idea is that you read * the content and then you use 'poll' or 'select' to wait for * the content to change. When the content changes (assuming the * manager for the kobject supports notification), poll will * return EPOLLERR|EPOLLPRI, and select will return the fd whether * it is waiting for read, write, or exceptions. * Once poll/select indicates that the value has changed, you * need to close and re-open the file, or seek to 0 and read again. * Reminder: this only works for attributes which actively support * it, and it is not possible to test an attribute from userspace * to see if it supports poll (Neither 'poll' nor 'select' return * an appropriate error code). When in doubt, set a suitable timeout value. */ __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, poll_table *wait) { struct kernfs_node *kn = kernfs_dentry_node(of->file->f_path.dentry); struct kernfs_open_node *on = kn->attr.open; poll_wait(of->file, &on->poll, wait); if (of->event != atomic_read(&on->event)) return DEFAULT_POLLMASK|EPOLLERR|EPOLLPRI; return DEFAULT_POLLMASK; } static __poll_t kernfs_fop_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *wait) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = kernfs_of(filp); struct kernfs_node *kn = kernfs_dentry_node(filp->f_path.dentry); __poll_t ret; if (!kernfs_get_active(kn)) return DEFAULT_POLLMASK|EPOLLERR|EPOLLPRI; if (kn->attr.ops->poll) ret = kn->attr.ops->poll(of, wait); else ret = kernfs_generic_poll(of, wait); kernfs_put_active(kn); return ret; } static void kernfs_notify_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct kernfs_node *kn; struct kernfs_super_info *info; repeat: /* pop one off the notify_list */ spin_lock_irq(&kernfs_notify_lock); kn = kernfs_notify_list; if (kn == KERNFS_NOTIFY_EOL) { spin_unlock_irq(&kernfs_notify_lock); return; } kernfs_notify_list = kn->attr.notify_next; kn->attr.notify_next = NULL; spin_unlock_irq(&kernfs_notify_lock); /* kick fsnotify */ mutex_lock(&kernfs_mutex); list_for_each_entry(info, &kernfs_root(kn)->supers, node) { struct kernfs_node *parent; struct inode *p_inode = NULL; struct inode *inode; struct qstr name; /* * We want fsnotify_modify() on @kn but as the * modifications aren't originating from userland don't * have the matching @file available. Look up the inodes * and generate the events manually. */ inode = ilookup(info->sb, kernfs_ino(kn)); if (!inode) continue; name = (struct qstr)QSTR_INIT(kn->name, strlen(kn->name)); parent = kernfs_get_parent(kn); if (parent) { p_inode = ilookup(info->sb, kernfs_ino(parent)); if (p_inode) { fsnotify(FS_MODIFY | FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, p_inode, &name, inode, 0); iput(p_inode); } kernfs_put(parent); } if (!p_inode) fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_MODIFY); iput(inode); } mutex_unlock(&kernfs_mutex); kernfs_put(kn); goto repeat; } /** * kernfs_notify - notify a kernfs file * @kn: file to notify * * Notify @kn such that poll(2) on @kn wakes up. Maybe be called from any * context. */ void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn) { static DECLARE_WORK(kernfs_notify_work, kernfs_notify_workfn); unsigned long flags; struct kernfs_open_node *on; if (WARN_ON(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_FILE)) return; /* kick poll immediately */ spin_lock_irqsave(&kernfs_open_node_lock, flags); on = kn->attr.open; if (on) { atomic_inc(&on->event); wake_up_interruptible(&on->poll); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kernfs_open_node_lock, flags); /* schedule work to kick fsnotify */ spin_lock_irqsave(&kernfs_notify_lock, flags); if (!kn->attr.notify_next) { kernfs_get(kn); kn->attr.notify_next = kernfs_notify_list; kernfs_notify_list = kn; schedule_work(&kernfs_notify_work); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kernfs_notify_lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernfs_notify); const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops = { .read_iter = kernfs_fop_read_iter, .write_iter = kernfs_fop_write_iter, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .mmap = kernfs_fop_mmap, .open = kernfs_fop_open, .release = kernfs_fop_release, .poll = kernfs_fop_poll, .fsync = noop_fsync, .splice_read = generic_file_splice_read, .splice_write = iter_file_splice_write, }; /** * __kernfs_create_file - kernfs internal function to create a file * @parent: directory to create the file in * @name: name of the file * @mode: mode of the file * @uid: uid of the file * @gid: gid of the file * @size: size of the file * @ops: kernfs operations for the file * @priv: private data for the file * @ns: optional namespace tag of the file * @key: lockdep key for the file's active_ref, %NULL to disable lockdep * * Returns the created node on success, ERR_PTR() value on error. */ struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key) { struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned flags; int rc; flags = KERNFS_FILE; kn = kernfs_new_node(parent, name, (mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG, uid, gid, flags); if (!kn) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); kn->attr.ops = ops; kn->attr.size = size; kn->ns = ns; kn->priv = priv; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC if (key) { lockdep_init_map(&kn->dep_map, "kn->active", key, 0); kn->flags |= KERNFS_LOCKDEP; } #endif /* * kn->attr.ops is accesible only while holding active ref. We * need to know whether some ops are implemented outside active * ref. Cache their existence in flags. */ if (ops->seq_show) kn->flags |= KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW; if (ops->mmap) kn->flags |= KERNFS_HAS_MMAP; if (ops->release) kn->flags |= KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE; rc = kernfs_add_one(kn); if (rc) { kernfs_put(kn); return ERR_PTR(rc); } return kn; }
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4015 4016 4017 4018 4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/namespace.c * * (C) Copyright Al Viro 2000, 2001 * * Based on code from fs/super.c, copyright Linus Torvalds and others. * Heavily rewritten. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/init.h> /* init_rootfs */ #include <linux/fs_struct.h> /* get_fs_root et.al. */ #include <linux/fsnotify.h> /* fsnotify_vfsmount_delete */ #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <uapi/linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include "pnode.h" #include "internal.h" /* Maximum number of mounts in a mount namespace */ unsigned int sysctl_mount_max __read_mostly = 100000; static unsigned int m_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int m_hash_shift __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_shift __read_mostly; static __initdata unsigned long mhash_entries; static int __init set_mhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mhash_entries=", set_mhash_entries); static __initdata unsigned long mphash_entries; static int __init set_mphash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mphash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mphash_entries=", set_mphash_entries); static u64 event; static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_id_ida); static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_group_ida); static struct hlist_head *mount_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct hlist_head *mountpoint_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct kmem_cache *mnt_cache __read_mostly; static DECLARE_RWSEM(namespace_sem); static HLIST_HEAD(unmounted); /* protected by namespace_sem */ static LIST_HEAD(ex_mountpoints); /* protected by namespace_sem */ /* /sys/fs */ struct kobject *fs_kobj; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_kobj); /* * vfsmount lock may be taken for read to prevent changes to the * vfsmount hash, ie. during mountpoint lookups or walking back * up the tree. * * It should be taken for write in all cases where the vfsmount * tree or hash is modified or when a vfsmount structure is modified. */ __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(mount_lock); static inline struct hlist_head *m_hash(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)mnt / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp += ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> m_hash_shift); return &mount_hashtable[tmp & m_hash_mask]; } static inline struct hlist_head *mp_hash(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> mp_hash_shift); return &mountpoint_hashtable[tmp & mp_hash_mask]; } static int mnt_alloc_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc(&mnt_id_ida, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_id = res; return 0; } static void mnt_free_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_id_ida, mnt->mnt_id); } /* * Allocate a new peer group ID */ static int mnt_alloc_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc_min(&mnt_group_ida, 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_group_id = res; return 0; } /* * Release a peer group ID */ void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_group_ida, mnt->mnt_group_id); mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for read */ static inline void mnt_add_count(struct mount *mnt, int n) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n); #else preempt_disable(); mnt->mnt_count += n; preempt_enable(); #endif } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_count; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_count; #endif } static struct mount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = kmem_cache_zalloc(mnt_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (mnt) { int err; err = mnt_alloc_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free_cache; if (name) { mnt->mnt_devname = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mnt->mnt_devname) goto out_free_id; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP mnt->mnt_pcp = alloc_percpu(struct mnt_pcp); if (!mnt->mnt_pcp) goto out_free_devname; this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, 1); #else mnt->mnt_count = 1; mnt->mnt_writers = 0; #endif INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_child); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_mounts); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_expire); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_share); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_umounting); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } return mnt; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP out_free_devname: kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #endif out_free_id: mnt_free_id(mnt); out_free_cache: kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); return NULL; } /* * Most r/o checks on a fs are for operations that take * discrete amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). * We must keep track of when those operations start * (for permission checks) and when they end, so that * we can determine when writes are able to occur to * a filesystem. */ /* * __mnt_is_readonly: check whether a mount is read-only * @mnt: the mount to check for its write status * * This shouldn't be used directly ouside of the VFS. * It does not guarantee that the filesystem will stay * r/w, just that it is right *now*. This can not and * should not be used in place of IS_RDONLY(inode). * mnt_want/drop_write() will _keep_ the filesystem * r/w. */ bool __mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY) || sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mnt_is_readonly); static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_inc(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers++; #endif } static inline void mnt_dec_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_dec(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers--; #endif } static unsigned int mnt_get_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP unsigned int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_writers; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_writers; #endif } static int mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_readonly_remount) return 1; /* Order wrt setting s_flags/s_readonly_remount in do_remount() */ smp_rmb(); return __mnt_is_readonly(mnt); } /* * Most r/o & frozen checks on a fs are for operations that take discrete * amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). We must keep track of when * those operations start (for permission checks) and when they end, so that we * can determine when writes are able to occur to a filesystem. */ /** * __mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount without freeze protection * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mnt it read-write) before * returning success. This operation does not protect against filesystem being * frozen. When the write operation is finished, __mnt_drop_write() must be * called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int __mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int ret = 0; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(mnt); /* * The store to mnt_inc_writers must be visible before we pass * MNT_WRITE_HOLD loop below, so that the slowpath can see our * incremented count after it has set MNT_WRITE_HOLD. */ smp_mb(); while (READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags) & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) cpu_relax(); /* * After the slowpath clears MNT_WRITE_HOLD, mnt_is_readonly will * be set to match its requirements. So we must not load that until * MNT_WRITE_HOLD is cleared. */ smp_rmb(); if (mnt_is_readonly(m)) { mnt_dec_writers(mnt); ret = -EROFS; } preempt_enable(); return ret; } /** * mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mount is read-write, filesystem * is not frozen) before returning success. When the write operation is * finished, mnt_drop_write() must be called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { int ret; sb_start_write(m->mnt_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write(m); if (ret) sb_end_write(m->mnt_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write); /** * mnt_clone_write - get write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to take a write * * This is effectively like mnt_want_write, except * it must only be used to take an extra write reference * on a mountpoint that we already know has a write reference * on it. This allows some optimisation. * * After finished, mnt_drop_write must be called as usual to * drop the reference. */ int mnt_clone_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* superblock may be r/o */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(mnt)) return -EROFS; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_clone_write); /** * __mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like __mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int __mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER)) return __mnt_want_write(file->f_path.mnt); else return mnt_clone_write(file->f_path.mnt); } /** * mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { int ret; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write_file(file); if (ret) sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write_file); /** * __mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done * performing writes to it. Must be matched with * __mnt_want_write() call above. */ void __mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { preempt_disable(); mnt_dec_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); } /** * mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done performing writes to it and * also allows filesystem to be frozen again. Must be matched with * mnt_want_write() call above. */ void mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __mnt_drop_write(mnt); sb_end_write(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_drop_write); void __mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt); } void mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write_file(file); sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_drop_write_file); static int mnt_make_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { int ret = 0; lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; /* * After storing MNT_WRITE_HOLD, we'll read the counters. This store * should be visible before we do. */ smp_mb(); /* * With writers on hold, if this value is zero, then there are * definitely no active writers (although held writers may subsequently * increment the count, they'll have to wait, and decrement it after * seeing MNT_READONLY). * * It is OK to have counter incremented on one CPU and decremented on * another: the sum will add up correctly. The danger would be when we * sum up each counter, if we read a counter before it is incremented, * but then read another CPU's count which it has been subsequently * decremented from -- we would see more decrements than we should. * MNT_WRITE_HOLD protects against this scenario, because * mnt_want_write first increments count, then smp_mb, then spins on * MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so it can't be decremented by another CPU while * we're counting up here. */ if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) ret = -EBUSY; else mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; /* * MNT_READONLY must become visible before ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so writers * that become unheld will see MNT_READONLY. */ smp_wmb(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int __mnt_unmake_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_READONLY; unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; } int sb_prepare_remount_readonly(struct super_block *sb) { struct mount *mnt; int err = 0; /* Racy optimization. Recheck the counter under MNT_WRITE_HOLD */ if (atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) return -EBUSY; lock_mount_hash(); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; smp_mb(); if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) { err = -EBUSY; break; } } } if (!err && atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) err = -EBUSY; if (!err) { sb->s_readonly_remount = 1; smp_wmb(); } list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; } unlock_mount_hash(); return err; } static void free_vfsmnt(struct mount *mnt) { kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP free_percpu(mnt->mnt_pcp); #endif kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); } static void delayed_free_vfsmnt(struct rcu_head *head) { free_vfsmnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { struct mount *mnt; if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)) return 1; if (bastard == NULL) return 0; mnt = real_mount(bastard); mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); smp_mb(); // see mntput_no_expire() if (likely(!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq))) return 0; if (bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); return 1; } lock_mount_hash(); if (unlikely(bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); unlock_mount_hash(); return 1; } unlock_mount_hash(); /* caller will mntput() */ return -1; } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(bastard, seq); if (likely(!res)) return true; if (unlikely(res < 0)) { rcu_read_unlock(); mntput(bastard); rcu_read_lock(); } return false; } /* * find the first mount at @dentry on vfsmount @mnt. * call under rcu_read_lock() */ struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *head = m_hash(mnt, dentry); struct mount *p; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, mnt_hash) if (&p->mnt_parent->mnt == mnt && p->mnt_mountpoint == dentry) return p; return NULL; } /* * lookup_mnt - Return the first child mount mounted at path * * "First" means first mounted chronologically. If you create the * following mounts: * * mount /dev/sda1 /mnt * mount /dev/sda2 /mnt * mount /dev/sda3 /mnt * * Then lookup_mnt() on the base /mnt dentry in the root mount will * return successively the root dentry and vfsmount of /dev/sda1, then * /dev/sda2, then /dev/sda3, then NULL. * * lookup_mnt takes a reference to the found vfsmount. */ struct vfsmount *lookup_mnt(const struct path *path) { struct mount *child_mnt; struct vfsmount *m; unsigned seq; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); child_mnt = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); m = child_mnt ? &child_mnt->mnt : NULL; } while (!legitimize_mnt(m, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return m; } static inline void lock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_lock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline void unlock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_unlock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline bool mnt_is_cursor(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_CURSOR; } /* * __is_local_mountpoint - Test to see if dentry is a mountpoint in the * current mount namespace. * * The common case is dentries are not mountpoints at all and that * test is handled inline. For the slow case when we are actually * dealing with a mountpoint of some kind, walk through all of the * mounts in the current mount namespace and test to see if the dentry * is a mountpoint. * * The mount_hashtable is not usable in the context because we * need to identify all mounts that may be in the current mount * namespace not just a mount that happens to have some specified * parent mount. */ bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; struct mount *mnt; bool is_covered = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; is_covered = (mnt->mnt_mountpoint == dentry); if (is_covered) break; } unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return is_covered; } static struct mountpoint *lookup_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *chain = mp_hash(dentry); struct mountpoint *mp; hlist_for_each_entry(mp, chain, m_hash) { if (mp->m_dentry == dentry) { mp->m_count++; return mp; } } return NULL; } static struct mountpoint *get_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp, *new = NULL; int ret; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { /* might be worth a WARN_ON() */ if (d_unlinked(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); mountpoint: read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); if (mp) goto done; } if (!new) new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mountpoint), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* Exactly one processes may set d_mounted */ ret = d_set_mounted(dentry); /* Someone else set d_mounted? */ if (ret == -EBUSY) goto mountpoint; /* The dentry is not available as a mountpoint? */ mp = ERR_PTR(ret); if (ret) goto done; /* Add the new mountpoint to the hash table */ read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); new->m_dentry = dget(dentry); new->m_count = 1; hlist_add_head(&new->m_hash, mp_hash(dentry)); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&new->m_list); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = new; new = NULL; done: kfree(new); return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held. Additionally, the caller is responsible * for serializing calls for given disposal list. */ static void __put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp, struct list_head *list) { if (!--mp->m_count) { struct dentry *dentry = mp->m_dentry; BUG_ON(!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_MOUNTED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput_to_list(dentry, list); hlist_del(&mp->m_hash); kfree(mp); } } /* called with namespace_lock and vfsmount lock */ static void put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp) { __put_mountpoint(mp, &ex_mountpoints); } static inline int check_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt_ns == current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns) { ns->event = ++event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void __touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns && ns->event != event) { ns->event = event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static struct mountpoint *unhash_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *mp; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); mp = mnt->mnt_mp; mnt->mnt_mp = NULL; return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void umount_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(mnt)); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *mnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *child_mnt) { mp->m_count++; mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); /* essentially, that's mntget */ child_mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mp->m_dentry; child_mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; child_mnt->mnt_mp = mp; hlist_add_head(&child_mnt->mnt_mp_list, &mp->m_list); } static void __attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent) { hlist_add_head_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash, m_hash(&parent->mnt, mnt->mnt_mountpoint)); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_child, &parent->mnt_mounts); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp) { mnt_set_mountpoint(parent, mp, mnt); __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); } void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *old_mp = mnt->mnt_mp; struct mount *old_parent = mnt->mnt_parent; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); attach_mnt(mnt, parent, mp); put_mountpoint(old_mp); mnt_add_count(old_parent, -1); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void commit_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *parent = mnt->mnt_parent; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(head); struct mnt_namespace *n = parent->mnt_ns; BUG_ON(parent == mnt); list_add_tail(&head, &mnt->mnt_list); list_for_each_entry(m, &head, mnt_list) m->mnt_ns = n; list_splice(&head, n->list.prev); n->mounts += n->pending_mounts; n->pending_mounts = 0; __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); touch_mnt_namespace(n); } static struct mount *next_mnt(struct mount *p, struct mount *root) { struct list_head *next = p->mnt_mounts.next; if (next == &p->mnt_mounts) { while (1) { if (p == root) return NULL; next = p->mnt_child.next; if (next != &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts) break; p = p->mnt_parent; } } return list_entry(next, struct mount, mnt_child); } static struct mount *skip_mnt_tree(struct mount *p) { struct list_head *prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; while (prev != &p->mnt_mounts) { p = list_entry(prev, struct mount, mnt_child); prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; } return p; } /** * vfs_create_mount - Create a mount for a configured superblock * @fc: The configuration context with the superblock attached * * Create a mount to an already configured superblock. If necessary, the * caller should invoke vfs_get_tree() before calling this. * * Note that this does not attach the mount to anything. */ struct vfsmount *vfs_create_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { struct mount *mnt; if (!fc->root) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(fc->source ?: "none"); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (fc->sb_flags & SB_KERNMOUNT) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = MNT_INTERNAL; atomic_inc(&fc->root->d_sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = fc->root->d_sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(fc->root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); return &mnt->mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create_mount); struct vfsmount *fc_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { int err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) { up_write(&fc->root->d_sb->s_umount); return vfs_create_mount(fc); } return ERR_PTR(err); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fc_mount); struct vfsmount *vfs_kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct fs_context *fc; struct vfsmount *mnt; int ret = 0; if (!type) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, flags); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return ERR_CAST(fc); if (name) ret = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!ret) ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!ret) mnt = fc_mount(fc); else mnt = ERR_PTR(ret); put_fs_context(fc); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_kern_mount); struct vfsmount * vfs_submount(const struct dentry *mountpoint, struct file_system_type *type, const char *name, void *data) { /* Until it is worked out how to pass the user namespace * through from the parent mount to the submount don't support * unprivileged mounts with submounts. */ if (mountpoint->d_sb->s_user_ns != &init_user_ns) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); return vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_SUBMOUNT, name, data); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_submount); static struct mount *clone_mnt(struct mount *old, struct dentry *root, int flag) { struct super_block *sb = old->mnt.mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt; int err; mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(old->mnt_devname); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (flag & (CL_SLAVE | CL_PRIVATE | CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE)) mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; /* not a peer of original */ else mnt->mnt_group_id = old->mnt_group_id; if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) && !mnt->mnt_group_id) { err = mnt_alloc_group_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = old->mnt.mnt_flags; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_WRITE_HOLD|MNT_MARKED|MNT_INTERNAL); atomic_inc(&sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); if ((flag & CL_SLAVE) || ((flag & CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE) && IS_MNT_SHARED(old))) { list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave_list); mnt->mnt_master = old; CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } else if (!(flag & CL_PRIVATE)) { if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) || IS_MNT_SHARED(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_share, &old->mnt_share); if (IS_MNT_SLAVE(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave); mnt->mnt_master = old->mnt_master; } else { CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } if (flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) set_mnt_shared(mnt); /* stick the duplicate mount on the same expiry list * as the original if that was on one */ if (flag & CL_EXPIRE) { if (!list_empty(&old->mnt_expire)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_expire, &old->mnt_expire); } return mnt; out_free: mnt_free_id(mnt); free_vfsmnt(mnt); return ERR_PTR(err); } static void cleanup_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; /* * The warning here probably indicates that somebody messed * up a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. If this happens, the * filesystem was probably unable to make r/w->r/o transitions. * The locking used to deal with mnt_count decrement provides barriers, * so mnt_get_writers() below is safe. */ WARN_ON(mnt_get_writers(mnt)); if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pins.first)) mnt_pin_kill(mnt); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(&mnt->mnt); dput(mnt->mnt.mnt_root); deactivate_super(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb); mnt_free_id(mnt); call_rcu(&mnt->mnt_rcu, delayed_free_vfsmnt); } static void __cleanup_mnt(struct rcu_head *head) { cleanup_mnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_mntput_list); static void delayed_mntput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_mntput_list); struct mount *m, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(m, t, node, mnt_llist) cleanup_mnt(m); } static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_mntput_work, delayed_mntput); static void mntput_no_expire(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(list); int count; rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt_ns))) { /* * Since we don't do lock_mount_hash() here, * ->mnt_ns can change under us. However, if it's * non-NULL, then there's a reference that won't * be dropped until after an RCU delay done after * turning ->mnt_ns NULL. So if we observe it * non-NULL under rcu_read_lock(), the reference * we are dropping is not the final one. */ mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); rcu_read_unlock(); return; } lock_mount_hash(); /* * make sure that if __legitimize_mnt() has not seen us grab * mount_lock, we'll see their refcount increment here. */ smp_mb(); mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); count = mnt_get_count(mnt); if (count != 0) { WARN_ON(count < 0); rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } if (unlikely(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_DOOMED; rcu_read_unlock(); list_del(&mnt->mnt_instance); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts))) { struct mount *p, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(p, tmp, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { __put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(p), &list); hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } } unlock_mount_hash(); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_INTERNAL))) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&mnt->mnt_rcu, __cleanup_mnt); if (!task_work_add(task, &mnt->mnt_rcu, TWA_RESUME)) return; } if (llist_add(&mnt->mnt_llist, &delayed_mntput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_mntput_work, 1); return; } cleanup_mnt(mnt); } void mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) { struct mount *m = real_mount(mnt); /* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */ if (unlikely(m->mnt_expiry_mark)) m->mnt_expiry_mark = 0; mntput_no_expire(m); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput); struct vfsmount *mntget(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) mnt_add_count(real_mount(mnt), 1); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget); /* path_is_mountpoint() - Check if path is a mount in the current * namespace. * * d_mountpoint() can only be used reliably to establish if a dentry is * not mounted in any namespace and that common case is handled inline. * d_mountpoint() isn't aware of the possibility there may be multiple * mounts using a given dentry in a different namespace. This function * checks if the passed in path is a mountpoint rather than the dentry * alone. */ bool path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { unsigned seq; bool res; if (!d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) return false; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); res = __path_is_mountpoint(path); } while (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_mountpoint); struct vfsmount *mnt_clone_internal(const struct path *path) { struct mount *p; p = clone_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); if (IS_ERR(p)) return ERR_CAST(p); p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_INTERNAL; return &p->mnt; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static struct mount *mnt_list_next(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct list_head *p) { struct mount *mnt, *ret = NULL; lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_continue(p, &ns->list) { mnt = list_entry(p, typeof(*mnt), mnt_list); if (!mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) { ret = mnt; break; } } unlock_ns_list(ns); return ret; } /* iterator; we want it to have access to namespace_sem, thus here... */ static void *m_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct list_head *prev; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (!*pos) { prev = &p->ns->list; } else { prev = &p->cursor.mnt_list; /* Read after we'd reached the end? */ if (list_empty(prev)) return NULL; } return mnt_list_next(p->ns, prev); } static void *m_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; ++*pos; return mnt_list_next(p->ns, &mnt->mnt_list); } static void m_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; lock_ns_list(p->ns); if (mnt) list_move_tail(&p->cursor.mnt_list, &mnt->mnt_list); else list_del_init(&p->cursor.mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(p->ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } static int m_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *r = v; return p->show(m, &r->mnt); } const struct seq_operations mounts_op = { .start = m_start, .next = m_next, .stop = m_stop, .show = m_show, }; void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor) { down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_del(&cursor->mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ /** * may_umount_tree - check if a mount tree is busy * @mnt: root of mount tree * * This is called to check if a tree of mounts has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts that are * busy. */ int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int actual_refs = 0; int minimum_refs = 0; struct mount *p; BUG_ON(!m); /* write lock needed for mnt_get_count */ lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { actual_refs += mnt_get_count(p); minimum_refs += 2; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (actual_refs > minimum_refs) return 0; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount_tree); /** * may_umount - check if a mount point is busy * @mnt: root of mount * * This is called to check if a mount point has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts. If the * mount has sub mounts this will return busy * regardless of whether the sub mounts are busy. * * Doesn't take quota and stuff into account. IOW, in some cases it will * give false negatives. The main reason why it's here is that we need * a non-destructive way to look for easily umountable filesystems. */ int may_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { int ret = 1; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_mount_hash(); if (propagate_mount_busy(real_mount(mnt), 2)) ret = 0; unlock_mount_hash(); up_read(&namespace_sem); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount); static void namespace_unlock(void) { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(list); hlist_move_list(&unmounted, &head); list_splice_init(&ex_mountpoints, &list); up_write(&namespace_sem); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(hlist_empty(&head))) return; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &head, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } } static inline void namespace_lock(void) { down_write(&namespace_sem); } enum umount_tree_flags { UMOUNT_SYNC = 1, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE = 2, UMOUNT_CONNECTED = 4, }; static bool disconnect_mount(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { /* Leaving mounts connected is only valid for lazy umounts */ if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) return true; /* A mount without a parent has nothing to be connected to */ if (!mnt_has_parent(mnt)) return true; /* Because the reference counting rules change when mounts are * unmounted and connected, umounted mounts may not be * connected to mounted mounts. */ if (!(mnt->mnt_parent->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT)) return true; /* Has it been requested that the mount remain connected? */ if (how & UMOUNT_CONNECTED) return false; /* Is the mount locked such that it needs to remain connected? */ if (IS_MNT_LOCKED(mnt)) return false; /* By default disconnect the mount */ return true; } /* * mount_lock must be held * namespace_sem must be held for write */ static void umount_tree(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { LIST_HEAD(tmp_list); struct mount *p; if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_mount_unlock(mnt); /* Gather the mounts to umount */ for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_UMOUNT; list_move(&p->mnt_list, &tmp_list); } /* Hide the mounts from mnt_mounts */ list_for_each_entry(p, &tmp_list, mnt_list) { list_del_init(&p->mnt_child); } /* Add propogated mounts to the tmp_list */ if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_umount(&tmp_list); while (!list_empty(&tmp_list)) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; bool disconnect; p = list_first_entry(&tmp_list, struct mount, mnt_list); list_del_init(&p->mnt_expire); list_del_init(&p->mnt_list); ns = p->mnt_ns; if (ns) { ns->mounts--; __touch_mnt_namespace(ns); } p->mnt_ns = NULL; if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT; disconnect = disconnect_mount(p, how); if (mnt_has_parent(p)) { mnt_add_count(p->mnt_parent, -1); if (!disconnect) { /* Don't forget about p */ list_add_tail(&p->mnt_child, &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts); } else { umount_mnt(p); } } change_mnt_propagation(p, MS_PRIVATE); if (disconnect) hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } } static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt); static int do_umount_root(struct super_block *sb) { int ret = 0; down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) { struct fs_context *fc; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(sb->s_root, SB_RDONLY, SB_RDONLY); if (IS_ERR(fc)) { ret = PTR_ERR(fc); } else { ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, NULL); if (!ret) ret = reconfigure_super(fc); put_fs_context(fc); } } up_write(&sb->s_umount); return ret; } static int do_umount(struct mount *mnt, int flags) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt.mnt_sb; int retval; retval = security_sb_umount(&mnt->mnt, flags); if (retval) return retval; /* * Allow userspace to request a mountpoint be expired rather than * unmounting unconditionally. Unmount only happens if: * (1) the mark is already set (the mark is cleared by mntput()) * (2) the usage count == 1 [parent vfsmount] + 1 [sys_umount] */ if (flags & MNT_EXPIRE) { if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt || flags & (MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH)) return -EINVAL; /* * probably don't strictly need the lock here if we examined * all race cases, but it's a slowpath. */ lock_mount_hash(); if (mnt_get_count(mnt) != 2) { unlock_mount_hash(); return -EBUSY; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1)) return -EAGAIN; } /* * If we may have to abort operations to get out of this * mount, and they will themselves hold resources we must * allow the fs to do things. In the Unix tradition of * 'Gee thats tricky lets do it in userspace' the umount_begin * might fail to complete on the first run through as other tasks * must return, and the like. Thats for the mount program to worry * about for the moment. */ if (flags & MNT_FORCE && sb->s_op->umount_begin) { sb->s_op->umount_begin(sb); } /* * No sense to grab the lock for this test, but test itself looks * somewhat bogus. Suggestions for better replacement? * Ho-hum... In principle, we might treat that as umount + switch * to rootfs. GC would eventually take care of the old vfsmount. * Actually it makes sense, especially if rootfs would contain a * /reboot - static binary that would close all descriptors and * call reboot(9). Then init(8) could umount root and exec /reboot. */ if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt && !(flags & MNT_DETACH)) { /* * Special case for "unmounting" root ... * we just try to remount it readonly. */ if (!ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return do_umount_root(sb); } namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* Recheck MNT_LOCKED with the locks held */ retval = -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; event++; if (flags & MNT_DETACH) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE); retval = 0; } else { shrink_submounts(mnt); retval = -EBUSY; if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 2)) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); retval = 0; } } out: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); return retval; } /* * __detach_mounts - lazily unmount all mounts on the specified dentry * * During unlink, rmdir, and d_drop it is possible to loose the path * to an existing mountpoint, and wind up leaking the mount. * detach_mounts allows lazily unmounting those mounts instead of * leaking them. * * The caller may hold dentry->d_inode->i_mutex. */ void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); if (!mp) goto out_unlock; event++; while (!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)) { mnt = hlist_entry(mp->m_list.first, struct mount, mnt_mp_list); if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT) { umount_mnt(mnt); hlist_add_head(&mnt->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } else umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_CONNECTED); } put_mountpoint(mp); out_unlock: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } /* * Is the caller allowed to modify his namespace? */ static inline bool may_mount(void) { return ns_capable(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING static bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn_once("======================================================\n" "WARNING: the mand mount option is being deprecated and\n" " will be removed in v5.15!\n" "======================================================\n"); return capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #else static inline bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn("VFS: \"mand\" mount option not supported"); return false; } #endif static int can_umount(const struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) /* Check optimistically */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & MNT_FORCE && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } // caller is responsible for flags being sane int path_umount(struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; ret = can_umount(path, flags); if (!ret) ret = do_umount(mnt, flags); /* we mustn't call path_put() as that would clear mnt_expiry_mark */ dput(path->dentry); mntput_no_expire(mnt); return ret; } static int ksys_umount(char __user *name, int flags) { int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT; struct path path; int ret; // basic validity checks done first if (flags & ~(MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH | MNT_EXPIRE | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) return -EINVAL; if (!(flags & UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, name, lookup_flags, &path); if (ret) return ret; return path_umount(&path, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(umount, char __user *, name, int, flags) { return ksys_umount(name, flags); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLDUMOUNT /* * The 2.0 compatible umount. No flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(oldumount, char __user *, name) { return ksys_umount(name, 0); } #endif static bool is_mnt_ns_file(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Is this a proxy for a mount namespace? */ return dentry->d_op == &ns_dentry_operations && dentry->d_fsdata == &mntns_operations; } static struct mnt_namespace *to_mnt_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct mnt_namespace, ns); } struct ns_common *from_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *mnt) { return &mnt->ns; } static bool mnt_ns_loop(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Could bind mounting the mount namespace inode cause a * mount namespace loop? */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; if (!is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return false; mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(get_proc_ns(dentry->d_inode)); return current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->seq >= mnt_ns->seq; } struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, int flag) { struct mount *res, *p, *q, *r, *parent; if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(mnt)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); res = q = clone_mnt(mnt, dentry, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) return q; q->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; p = mnt; list_for_each_entry(r, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct mount *s; if (!is_subdir(r->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; for (s = r; s; s = next_mnt(s, r)) { if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(s)) { if (s->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { /* Both unbindable and locked. */ q = ERR_PTR(-EPERM); goto out; } else { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } } if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(s->mnt.mnt_root)) { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } while (p != s->mnt_parent) { p = p->mnt_parent; q = q->mnt_parent; } p = s; parent = q; q = clone_mnt(p, p->mnt.mnt_root, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) goto out; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&q->mnt_list, &res->mnt_list); attach_mnt(q, parent, p->mnt_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); } } return res; out: if (res) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(res, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } return q; } /* Caller should check returned pointer for errors */ struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *path) { struct mount *tree; namespace_lock(); if (!check_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt))) tree = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); else tree = copy_tree(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_COPY_ALL | CL_PRIVATE); namespace_unlock(); if (IS_ERR(tree)) return ERR_CAST(tree); return &tree->mnt; } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *, bool); void dissolve_on_fput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); ns = real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns; if (ns) { if (is_anon_ns(ns)) umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), UMOUNT_CONNECTED); else ns = NULL; } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); if (ns) free_mnt_ns(ns); } void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *mnt) { namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), 0); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } static bool has_locked_children(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct mount *child; list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { if (!is_subdir(child->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; if (child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) return true; } return false; } /** * clone_private_mount - create a private clone of a path * * This creates a new vfsmount, which will be the clone of @path. The new will * not be attached anywhere in the namespace and will be private (i.e. changes * to the originating mount won't be propagated into this). * * Release with mntput(). */ struct vfsmount *clone_private_mount(const struct path *path) { struct mount *old_mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *new_mnt; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (!check_mnt(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (has_locked_children(old_mnt, path->dentry)) goto invalid; new_mnt = clone_mnt(old_mnt, path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); up_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_ERR(new_mnt)) return ERR_CAST(new_mnt); /* Longterm mount to be removed by kern_unmount*() */ new_mnt->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; return &new_mnt->mnt; invalid: up_read(&namespace_sem); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clone_private_mount); int iterate_mounts(int (*f)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *arg, struct vfsmount *root) { struct mount *mnt; int res = f(root, arg); if (res) return res; list_for_each_entry(mnt, &real_mount(root)->mnt_list, mnt_list) { res = f(&mnt->mnt, arg); if (res) return res; } return 0; } static void lock_mnt_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { int flags = p->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to change mount flags */ flags |= MNT_LOCK_ATIME; if (flags & MNT_READONLY) flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; if (flags & MNT_NODEV) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NODEV; if (flags & MNT_NOSUID) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOSUID; if (flags & MNT_NOEXEC) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to reveal what is under a mount */ if (list_empty(&p->mnt_expire)) flags |= MNT_LOCKED; p->mnt.mnt_flags = flags; } } static void cleanup_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *end) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p != end; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) mnt_release_group_id(p); } } static int invent_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, bool recurse) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = recurse ? next_mnt(p, mnt) : NULL) { if (!p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) { int err = mnt_alloc_group_id(p); if (err) { cleanup_group_ids(mnt, p); return err; } } } return 0; } int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt) { unsigned int max = READ_ONCE(sysctl_mount_max); unsigned int mounts = 0, old, pending, sum; struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) mounts++; old = ns->mounts; pending = ns->pending_mounts; sum = old + pending; if ((old > sum) || (pending > sum) || (max < sum) || (mounts > (max - sum))) return -ENOSPC; ns->pending_mounts = pending + mounts; return 0; } /* * @source_mnt : mount tree to be attached * @nd : place the mount tree @source_mnt is attached * @parent_nd : if non-null, detach the source_mnt from its parent and * store the parent mount and mountpoint dentry. * (done when source_mnt is moved) * * NOTE: in the table below explains the semantics when a source mount * of a given type is attached to a destination mount of a given type. * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | BIND MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (++) | shared (+) | shared(+++)| invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+) | private | slave (*) | invalid | * *************************************************************************** * A bind operation clones the source mount and mounts the clone on the * destination mount. * * (++) the cloned mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation * tree of the destination mount and the cloned mount is added to * the peer group of the source mount. * (+) the cloned mount is created under the destination mount and is marked * as shared. The cloned mount is added to the peer group of the source * mount. * (+++) the mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation tree * of the destination mount and the cloned mount is made slave * of the same master as that of the source mount. The cloned mount * is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the cloned mount is made a slave of the same master as that of the * source mount. * * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | MOVE MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (+) | shared (+) | shared(+++) | invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+*) | private | slave (*) | unbindable | * *************************************************************************** * * (+) the mount is moved to the destination. And is then propagated to * all the mounts in the propagation tree of the destination mount. * (+*) the mount is moved to the destination. * (+++) the mount is moved to the destination and is then propagated to * all the mounts belonging to the destination mount's propagation tree. * the mount is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the mount continues to be a slave at the new location. * * if the source mount is a tree, the operations explained above is * applied to each mount in the tree. * Must be called without spinlocks held, since this function can sleep * in allocations. */ static int attach_recursive_mnt(struct mount *source_mnt, struct mount *dest_mnt, struct mountpoint *dest_mp, bool moving) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; HLIST_HEAD(tree_list); struct mnt_namespace *ns = dest_mnt->mnt_ns; struct mountpoint *smp; struct mount *child, *p; struct hlist_node *n; int err; /* Preallocate a mountpoint in case the new mounts need * to be tucked under other mounts. */ smp = get_mountpoint(source_mnt->mnt.mnt_root); if (IS_ERR(smp)) return PTR_ERR(smp); /* Is there space to add these mounts to the mount namespace? */ if (!moving) { err = count_mounts(ns, source_mnt); if (err) goto out; } if (IS_MNT_SHARED(dest_mnt)) { err = invent_group_ids(source_mnt, true); if (err) goto out; err = propagate_mnt(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt, &tree_list); lock_mount_hash(); if (err) goto out_cleanup_ids; for (p = source_mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, source_mnt)) set_mnt_shared(p); } else { lock_mount_hash(); } if (moving) { unhash_mnt(source_mnt); attach_mnt(source_mnt, dest_mnt, dest_mp); touch_mnt_namespace(source_mnt->mnt_ns); } else { if (source_mnt->mnt_ns) { /* move from anon - the caller will destroy */ list_del_init(&source_mnt->mnt_ns->list); } mnt_set_mountpoint(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt); commit_tree(source_mnt); } hlist_for_each_entry_safe(child, n, &tree_list, mnt_hash) { struct mount *q; hlist_del_init(&child->mnt_hash); q = __lookup_mnt(&child->mnt_parent->mnt, child->mnt_mountpoint); if (q) mnt_change_mountpoint(child, smp, q); /* Notice when we are propagating across user namespaces */ if (child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->user_ns != user_ns) lock_mnt_tree(child); child->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; commit_tree(child); } put_mountpoint(smp); unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; out_cleanup_ids: while (!hlist_empty(&tree_list)) { child = hlist_entry(tree_list.first, struct mount, mnt_hash); child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->pending_mounts = 0; umount_tree(child, UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); cleanup_group_ids(source_mnt, NULL); out: ns->pending_mounts = 0; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(smp); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return err; } static struct mountpoint *lock_mount(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; retry: inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } namespace_lock(); mnt = lookup_mnt(path); if (likely(!mnt)) { struct mountpoint *mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return mp; } return mp; } namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); path->mnt = mnt; dentry = path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root); goto retry; } static void unlock_mount(struct mountpoint *where) { struct dentry *dentry = where->m_dentry; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(where); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); } static int graft_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *p, struct mountpoint *mp) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_flags & SB_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; if (d_is_dir(mp->m_dentry) != d_is_dir(mnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -ENOTDIR; return attach_recursive_mnt(mnt, p, mp, false); } /* * Sanity check the flags to change_mnt_propagation. */ static int flags_to_propagation_type(int ms_flags) { int type = ms_flags & ~(MS_REC | MS_SILENT); /* Fail if any non-propagation flags are set */ if (type & ~(MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return 0; /* Only one propagation flag should be set */ if (!is_power_of_2(type)) return 0; return type; } /* * recursively change the type of the mountpoint. */ static int do_change_type(struct path *path, int ms_flags) { struct mount *m; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int recurse = ms_flags & MS_REC; int type; int err = 0; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; type = flags_to_propagation_type(ms_flags); if (!type) return -EINVAL; namespace_lock(); if (type == MS_SHARED) { err = invent_group_ids(mnt, recurse); if (err) goto out_unlock; } lock_mount_hash(); for (m = mnt; m; m = (recurse ? next_mnt(m, mnt) : NULL)) change_mnt_propagation(m, type); unlock_mount_hash(); out_unlock: namespace_unlock(); return err; } static struct mount *__do_loopback(struct path *old_path, int recurse) { struct mount *mnt = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL), *old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old)) return mnt; if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path->dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations) return mnt; if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path->dentry)) return mnt; if (recurse) mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path->dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE); else mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path->dentry, 0); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; return mnt; } /* * do loopback mount. */ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name, int recurse) { struct path old_path; struct mount *mnt = NULL, *parent; struct mountpoint *mp; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = -EINVAL; if (mnt_ns_loop(old_path.dentry)) goto out; mp = lock_mount(path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto out; } parent = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!check_mnt(parent)) goto out2; mnt = __do_loopback(&old_path, recurse); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { err = PTR_ERR(mnt); goto out2; } err = graft_tree(mnt, parent, mp); if (err) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } out2: unlock_mount(mp); out: path_put(&old_path); return err; } static struct file *open_detached_copy(struct path *path, bool recursive) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; struct mnt_namespace *ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, true); struct mount *mnt, *p; struct file *file; if (IS_ERR(ns)) return ERR_CAST(ns); namespace_lock(); mnt = __do_loopback(path, recursive); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(ns); return ERR_CAST(mnt); } lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt_ns = ns; ns->mounts++; } ns->root = mnt; list_add_tail(&ns->list, &mnt->mnt_list); mntget(&mnt->mnt); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &mnt->mnt; file = dentry_open(path, O_PATH, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) dissolve_on_fput(path->mnt); else file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; return file; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open_tree, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, unsigned, flags) { struct file *file; struct path path; int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT | LOOKUP_FOLLOW; bool detached = flags & OPEN_TREE_CLONE; int error; int fd; BUILD_BUG_ON(OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC != O_CLOEXEC); if (flags & ~(AT_EMPTY_PATH | AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT | AT_RECURSIVE | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | OPEN_TREE_CLONE | OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (AT_RECURSIVE | OPEN_TREE_CLONE)) == AT_RECURSIVE) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (detached && !may_mount()) return -EPERM; fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC); if (fd < 0) return fd; error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (unlikely(error)) { file = ERR_PTR(error); } else { if (detached) file = open_detached_copy(&path, flags & AT_RECURSIVE); else file = dentry_open(&path, O_PATH, current_cred()); path_put(&path); } if (IS_ERR(file)) { put_unused_fd(fd); return PTR_ERR(file); } fd_install(fd, file); return fd; } /* * Don't allow locked mount flags to be cleared. * * No locks need to be held here while testing the various MNT_LOCK * flags because those flags can never be cleared once they are set. */ static bool can_change_locked_flags(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { unsigned int fl = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NODEV) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOSUID) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((fl & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) return false; return true; } static int change_mount_ro_state(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { bool readonly_request = (mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY); if (readonly_request == __mnt_is_readonly(&mnt->mnt)) return 0; if (readonly_request) return mnt_make_readonly(mnt); return __mnt_unmake_readonly(mnt); } /* * Update the user-settable attributes on a mount. The caller must hold * sb->s_umount for writing. */ static void set_mount_attributes(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt_flags |= mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & ~MNT_USER_SETTABLE_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); unlock_mount_hash(); } static void mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(struct path *mountpoint, struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; if (!__mnt_is_readonly(mnt) && (ktime_get_real_seconds() + TIME_UPTIME_SEC_MAX > sb->s_time_max)) { char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); char *mntpath = buf ? d_path(mountpoint, buf, PAGE_SIZE) : ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); struct tm tm; time64_to_tm(sb->s_time_max, 0, &tm); pr_warn("%s filesystem being %s at %s supports timestamps until %04ld (0x%llx)\n", sb->s_type->name, is_mounted(mnt) ? "remounted" : "mounted", mntpath, tm.tm_year+1900, (unsigned long long)sb->s_time_max); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } /* * Handle reconfiguration of the mountpoint only without alteration of the * superblock it refers to. This is triggered by specifying MS_REMOUNT|MS_BIND * to mount(2). */ static int do_reconfigure_mnt(struct path *path, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != mnt->mnt.mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; down_write(&sb->s_umount); ret = change_mount_ro_state(mnt, mnt_flags); if (ret == 0) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); return ret; } /* * change filesystem flags. dir should be a physical root of filesystem. * If you've mounted a non-root directory somewhere and want to do remount * on it - tough luck. */ static int do_remount(struct path *path, int ms_flags, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, void *data) { int err; struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct fs_context *fc; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(path->dentry, sb_flags, MS_RMT_MASK); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); fc->oldapi = true; err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); err = -EPERM; if (ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = reconfigure_super(fc); if (!err) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); } up_write(&sb->s_umount); } mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } static inline int tree_contains_unbindable(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(p)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Check that there aren't references to earlier/same mount namespaces in the * specified subtree. Such references can act as pins for mount namespaces * that aren't checked by the mount-cycle checking code, thereby allowing * cycles to be made. */ static bool check_for_nsfs_mounts(struct mount *subtree) { struct mount *p; bool ret = false; lock_mount_hash(); for (p = subtree; p; p = next_mnt(p, subtree)) if (mnt_ns_loop(p->mnt.mnt_root)) goto out; ret = true; out: unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int do_move_mount(struct path *old_path, struct path *new_path) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct mount *p; struct mount *old; struct mount *parent; struct mountpoint *mp, *old_mp; int err; bool attached; mp = lock_mount(new_path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) return PTR_ERR(mp); old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); p = real_mount(new_path->mnt); parent = old->mnt_parent; attached = mnt_has_parent(old); old_mp = old->mnt_mp; ns = old->mnt_ns; err = -EINVAL; /* The mountpoint must be in our namespace. */ if (!check_mnt(p)) goto out; /* The thing moved must be mounted... */ if (!is_mounted(&old->mnt)) goto out; /* ... and either ours or the root of anon namespace */ if (!(attached ? check_mnt(old) : is_anon_ns(ns))) goto out; if (old->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; if (old_path->dentry != old_path->mnt->mnt_root) goto out; if (d_is_dir(new_path->dentry) != d_is_dir(old_path->dentry)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount residing in a shared parent. */ if (attached && IS_MNT_SHARED(parent)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount tree containing unbindable mounts to a destination * mount which is shared. */ if (IS_MNT_SHARED(p) && tree_contains_unbindable(old)) goto out; err = -ELOOP; if (!check_for_nsfs_mounts(old)) goto out; for (; mnt_has_parent(p); p = p->mnt_parent) if (p == old) goto out; err = attach_recursive_mnt(old, real_mount(new_path->mnt), mp, attached); if (err) goto out; /* if the mount is moved, it should no longer be expire * automatically */ list_del_init(&old->mnt_expire); if (attached) put_mountpoint(old_mp); out: unlock_mount(mp); if (!err) { if (attached) mntput_no_expire(parent); else free_mnt_ns(ns); } return err; } static int do_move_mount_old(struct path *path, const char *old_name) { struct path old_path; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = do_move_mount(&old_path, path); path_put(&old_path); return err; } /* * add a mount into a namespace's mount tree */ static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct path *path, int mnt_flags) { struct mount *parent = real_mount(path->mnt); mnt_flags &= ~MNT_INTERNAL_FLAGS; if (unlikely(!check_mnt(parent))) { /* that's acceptable only for automounts done in private ns */ if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) return -EINVAL; /* ... and for those we'd better have mountpoint still alive */ if (!parent->mnt_ns) return -EINVAL; } /* Refuse the same filesystem on the same mount point */ if (path->mnt->mnt_sb == newmnt->mnt.mnt_sb && path->mnt->mnt_root == path->dentry) return -EBUSY; if (d_is_symlink(newmnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -EINVAL; newmnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; return graft_tree(newmnt, parent, mp); } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags); /* * Create a new mount using a superblock configuration and request it * be added to the namespace tree. */ static int do_new_mount_fc(struct fs_context *fc, struct path *mountpoint, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mountpoint *mp; struct super_block *sb = fc->root->d_sb; int error; error = security_sb_kern_mount(sb); if (!error && mount_too_revealing(sb, &mnt_flags)) error = -EPERM; if (unlikely(error)) { fc_drop_locked(fc); return error; } up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) return PTR_ERR(mnt); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(mountpoint, mnt); mp = lock_mount(mountpoint); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { mntput(mnt); return PTR_ERR(mp); } error = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), mp, mountpoint, mnt_flags); unlock_mount(mp); if (error < 0) mntput(mnt); return error; } /* * create a new mount for userspace and request it to be added into the * namespace's tree */ static int do_new_mount(struct path *path, const char *fstype, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct file_system_type *type; struct fs_context *fc; const char *subtype = NULL; int err = 0; if (!fstype) return -EINVAL; type = get_fs_type(fstype); if (!type) return -ENODEV; if (type->fs_flags & FS_HAS_SUBTYPE) { subtype = strchr(fstype, '.'); if (subtype) { subtype++; if (!*subtype) { put_filesystem(type); return -EINVAL; } } } fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, sb_flags); put_filesystem(type); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); if (subtype) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "subtype", subtype, strlen(subtype)); if (!err && name) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!err) err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err && !mount_capable(fc)) err = -EPERM; if (!err) err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) err = do_new_mount_fc(fc, path, mnt_flags); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } int finish_automount(struct vfsmount *m, struct path *path) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; int err; if (!m) return 0; if (IS_ERR(m)) return PTR_ERR(m); mnt = real_mount(m); /* The new mount record should have at least 2 refs to prevent it being * expired before we get a chance to add it */ BUG_ON(mnt_get_count(mnt) < 2); if (m->mnt_sb == path->mnt->mnt_sb && m->mnt_root == dentry) { err = -ELOOP; goto discard; } /* * we don't want to use lock_mount() - in this case finding something * that overmounts our mountpoint to be means "quitely drop what we've * got", not "try to mount it on top". */ inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); namespace_lock(); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { err = -ENOENT; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_lock(); if (unlikely(__lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = 0; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_unlock(); mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto discard_locked; } err = do_add_mount(mnt, mp, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE); unlock_mount(mp); if (unlikely(err)) goto discard; mntput(m); return 0; discard_locked: namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); discard: /* remove m from any expiration list it may be on */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_expire)) { namespace_lock(); list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_expire); namespace_unlock(); } mntput(m); mntput(m); return err; } /** * mnt_set_expiry - Put a mount on an expiration list * @mnt: The mount to list. * @expiry_list: The list to add the mount to. */ void mnt_set_expiry(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct list_head *expiry_list) { namespace_lock(); list_add_tail(&real_mount(mnt)->mnt_expire, expiry_list); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_set_expiry); /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * mountpoints that aren't in use and haven't been touched since last we came * here */ void mark_mounts_for_expiry(struct list_head *mounts) { struct mount *mnt, *next; LIST_HEAD(graveyard); if (list_empty(mounts)) return; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* extract from the expiration list every vfsmount that matches the * following criteria: * - only referenced by its parent vfsmount * - still marked for expiry (marked on the last call here; marks are * cleared by mntput()) */ list_for_each_entry_safe(mnt, next, mounts, mnt_expire) { if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1) || propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) continue; list_move(&mnt->mnt_expire, &graveyard); } while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { mnt = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mark_mounts_for_expiry); /* * Ripoff of 'select_parent()' * * search the list of submounts for a given mountpoint, and move any * shrinkable submounts to the 'graveyard' list. */ static int select_submounts(struct mount *parent, struct list_head *graveyard) { struct mount *this_parent = parent; struct list_head *next; int found = 0; repeat: next = this_parent->mnt_mounts.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->mnt_mounts) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct mount *mnt = list_entry(tmp, struct mount, mnt_child); next = tmp->next; if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) continue; /* * Descend a level if the d_mounts list is non-empty. */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts)) { this_parent = mnt; goto repeat; } if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) { list_move_tail(&mnt->mnt_expire, graveyard); found++; } } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search */ if (this_parent != parent) { next = this_parent->mnt_child.next; this_parent = this_parent->mnt_parent; goto resume; } return found; } /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * submounts of a specific parent mountpoint * * mount_lock must be held for write */ static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(graveyard); struct mount *m; /* extract submounts of 'mountpoint' from the expiration list */ while (select_submounts(mnt, &graveyard)) { while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { m = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(m->mnt_ns); umount_tree(m, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } } } static void *copy_mount_options(const void __user * data) { char *copy; unsigned left, offset; if (!data) return NULL; copy = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!copy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); left = copy_from_user(copy, data, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Not all architectures have an exact copy_from_user(). Resort to * byte at a time. */ offset = PAGE_SIZE - left; while (left) { char c; if (get_user(c, (const char __user *)data + offset)) break; copy[offset] = c; left--; offset++; } if (left == PAGE_SIZE) { kfree(copy); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return copy; } static char *copy_mount_string(const void __user *data) { return data ? strndup_user(data, PATH_MAX) : NULL; } /* * Flags is a 32-bit value that allows up to 31 non-fs dependent flags to * be given to the mount() call (ie: read-only, no-dev, no-suid etc). * * data is a (void *) that can point to any structure up to * PAGE_SIZE-1 bytes, which can contain arbitrary fs-dependent * information (or be NULL). * * Pre-0.97 versions of mount() didn't have a flags word. * When the flags word was introduced its top half was required * to have the magic value 0xC0ED, and this remained so until 2.4.0-test9. * Therefore, if this magic number is present, it carries no information * and must be discarded. */ int path_mount(const char *dev_name, struct path *path, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { unsigned int mnt_flags = 0, sb_flags; int ret; /* Discard magic */ if ((flags & MS_MGC_MSK) == MS_MGC_VAL) flags &= ~MS_MGC_MSK; /* Basic sanity checks */ if (data_page) ((char *)data_page)[PAGE_SIZE - 1] = 0; if (flags & MS_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; ret = security_sb_mount(dev_name, path, type_page, flags, data_page); if (ret) return ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) return -EPERM; /* Default to relatime unless overriden */ if (!(flags & MS_NOATIME)) mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; /* Separate the per-mountpoint flags */ if (flags & MS_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (flags & MS_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (flags & MS_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (flags & MS_NOATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; if (flags & MS_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; if (flags & MS_STRICTATIME) mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_RELATIME | MNT_NOATIME); if (flags & MS_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (flags & MS_NOSYMFOLLOW) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW; /* The default atime for remount is preservation */ if ((flags & MS_REMOUNT) && ((flags & (MS_NOATIME | MS_NODIRATIME | MS_RELATIME | MS_STRICTATIME)) == 0)) { mnt_flags &= ~MNT_ATIME_MASK; mnt_flags |= path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK; } sb_flags = flags & (SB_RDONLY | SB_SYNCHRONOUS | SB_MANDLOCK | SB_DIRSYNC | SB_SILENT | SB_POSIXACL | SB_LAZYTIME | SB_I_VERSION); if ((flags & (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) == (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) return do_reconfigure_mnt(path, mnt_flags); if (flags & MS_REMOUNT) return do_remount(path, flags, sb_flags, mnt_flags, data_page); if (flags & MS_BIND) return do_loopback(path, dev_name, flags & MS_REC); if (flags & (MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return do_change_type(path, flags); if (flags & MS_MOVE) return do_move_mount_old(path, dev_name); return do_new_mount(path, type_page, sb_flags, mnt_flags, dev_name, data_page); } long do_mount(const char *dev_name, const char __user *dir_name, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { struct path path; int ret; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, dir_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path); if (ret) return ret; ret = path_mount(dev_name, &path, type_page, flags, data_page); path_put(&path); return ret; } static struct ucounts *inc_mnt_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns) { return inc_ucount(ns, current_euid(), UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_mnt_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!is_anon_ns(ns)) ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ns->ucounts); put_user_ns(ns->user_ns); kfree(ns); } /* * Assign a sequence number so we can detect when we attempt to bind * mount a reference to an older mount namespace into the current * mount namespace, preventing reference counting loops. A 64bit * number incrementing at 10Ghz will take 12,427 years to wrap which * is effectively never, so we can ignore the possibility. */ static atomic64_t mnt_ns_seq = ATOMIC64_INIT(1); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *user_ns, bool anon) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int ret; ucounts = inc_mnt_namespaces(user_ns); if (!ucounts) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); new_ns = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mnt_namespace), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_ns) { dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (!anon) { ret = ns_alloc_inum(&new_ns->ns); if (ret) { kfree(new_ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(ret); } } new_ns->ns.ops = &mntns_operations; if (!anon) new_ns->seq = atomic64_add_return(1, &mnt_ns_seq); atomic_set(&new_ns->count, 1); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->list); init_waitqueue_head(&new_ns->poll); spin_lock_init(&new_ns->ns_lock); new_ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); new_ns->ucounts = ucounts; return new_ns; } __latent_entropy struct mnt_namespace *copy_mnt_ns(unsigned long flags, struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct fs_struct *new_fs) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct vfsmount *rootmnt = NULL, *pwdmnt = NULL; struct mount *p, *q; struct mount *old; struct mount *new; int copy_flags; BUG_ON(!ns); if (likely(!(flags & CLONE_NEWNS))) { get_mnt_ns(ns); return ns; } old = ns->root; new_ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(new_ns)) return new_ns; namespace_lock(); /* First pass: copy the tree topology */ copy_flags = CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_EXPIRE; if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) copy_flags |= CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE; new = copy_tree(old, old->mnt.mnt_root, copy_flags); if (IS_ERR(new)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(new_ns); return ERR_CAST(new); } if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) { lock_mount_hash(); lock_mnt_tree(new); unlock_mount_hash(); } new_ns->root = new; list_add_tail(&new_ns->list, &new->mnt_list); /* * Second pass: switch the tsk->fs->* elements and mark new vfsmounts * as belonging to new namespace. We have already acquired a private * fs_struct, so tsk->fs->lock is not needed. */ p = old; q = new; while (p) { q->mnt_ns = new_ns; new_ns->mounts++; if (new_fs) { if (&p->mnt == new_fs->root.mnt) { new_fs->root.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); rootmnt = &p->mnt; } if (&p->mnt == new_fs->pwd.mnt) { new_fs->pwd.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); pwdmnt = &p->mnt; } } p = next_mnt(p, old); q = next_mnt(q, new); if (!q) break; while (p->mnt.mnt_root != q->mnt.mnt_root) p = next_mnt(p, old); } namespace_unlock(); if (rootmnt) mntput(rootmnt); if (pwdmnt) mntput(pwdmnt); return new_ns; } struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *m, const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct super_block *s; struct path path; int err; ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { mntput(m); return ERR_CAST(ns); } mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts++; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); err = vfs_path_lookup(m->mnt_root, m, name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &path); put_mnt_ns(ns); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); /* trade a vfsmount reference for active sb one */ s = path.mnt->mnt_sb; atomic_inc(&s->s_active); mntput(path.mnt); /* lock the sucker */ down_write(&s->s_umount); /* ... and return the root of (sub)tree on it */ return path.dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_subtree); SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mount, char __user *, dev_name, char __user *, dir_name, char __user *, type, unsigned long, flags, void __user *, data) { int ret; char *kernel_type; char *kernel_dev; void *options; kernel_type = copy_mount_string(type); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_type); if (IS_ERR(kernel_type)) goto out_type; kernel_dev = copy_mount_string(dev_name); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_dev); if (IS_ERR(kernel_dev)) goto out_dev; options = copy_mount_options(data); ret = PTR_ERR(options); if (IS_ERR(options)) goto out_data; ret = do_mount(kernel_dev, dir_name, kernel_type, flags, options); kfree(options); out_data: kfree(kernel_dev); out_dev: kfree(kernel_type); out_type: return ret; } /* * Create a kernel mount representation for a new, prepared superblock * (specified by fs_fd) and attach to an open_tree-like file descriptor. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fsmount, int, fs_fd, unsigned int, flags, unsigned int, attr_flags) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct fs_context *fc; struct file *file; struct path newmount; struct mount *mnt; struct fd f; unsigned int mnt_flags = 0; long ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & ~(FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC)) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & ~(MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY | MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID | MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV | MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC | MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME | MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME)) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; switch (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME) { case MOUNT_ATTR_STRICTATIME: break; case MOUNT_ATTR_NOATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; break; case MOUNT_ATTR_RELATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; break; default: return -EINVAL; } f = fdget(fs_fd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; ret = -EINVAL; if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops) goto err_fsfd; fc = f.file->private_data; ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex); if (ret < 0) goto err_fsfd; /* There must be a valid superblock or we can't mount it */ ret = -EINVAL; if (!fc->root) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if (mount_too_revealing(fc->root->d_sb, &mnt_flags)) { pr_warn("VFS: Mount too revealing\n"); goto err_unlock; } ret = -EBUSY; if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_MOUNT) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if ((fc->sb_flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) goto err_unlock; newmount.mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(newmount.mnt)) { ret = PTR_ERR(newmount.mnt); goto err_unlock; } newmount.dentry = dget(fc->root); newmount.mnt->mnt_flags = mnt_flags; /* We've done the mount bit - now move the file context into more or * less the same state as if we'd done an fspick(). We don't want to * do any memory allocation or anything like that at this point as we * don't want to have to handle any errors incurred. */ vfs_clean_context(fc); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { ret = PTR_ERR(ns); goto err_path; } mnt = real_mount(newmount.mnt); mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); mntget(newmount.mnt); /* Attach to an apparent O_PATH fd with a note that we need to unmount * it, not just simply put it. */ file = dentry_open(&newmount, O_PATH, fc->cred); if (IS_ERR(file)) { dissolve_on_fput(newmount.mnt); ret = PTR_ERR(file); goto err_path; } file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; ret = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); err_path: path_put(&newmount); err_unlock: mutex_unlock(&fc->uapi_mutex); err_fsfd: fdput(f); return ret; } /* * Move a mount from one place to another. In combination with * fsopen()/fsmount() this is used to install a new mount and in combination * with open_tree(OPEN_TREE_CLONE [| AT_RECURSIVE]) it can be used to copy * a mount subtree. * * Note the flags value is a combination of MOVE_MOUNT_* flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(move_mount, int, from_dfd, const char __user *, from_pathname, int, to_dfd, const char __user *, to_pathname, unsigned int, flags) { struct path from_path, to_path; unsigned int lflags; int ret = 0; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (flags & ~MOVE_MOUNT__MASK) return -EINVAL; /* If someone gives a pathname, they aren't permitted to move * from an fd that requires unmount as we can't get at the flag * to clear it afterwards. */ lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(from_dfd, from_pathname, lflags, &from_path); if (ret < 0) return ret; lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(to_dfd, to_pathname, lflags, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_from; ret = security_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_to; ret = do_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); out_to: path_put(&to_path); out_from: path_put(&from_path); return ret; } /* * Return true if path is reachable from root * * namespace_sem or mount_lock is held */ bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, const struct path *root) { while (&mnt->mnt != root->mnt && mnt_has_parent(mnt)) { dentry = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; mnt = mnt->mnt_parent; } return &mnt->mnt == root->mnt && is_subdir(dentry, root->dentry); } bool path_is_under(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { bool res; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); res = is_path_reachable(real_mount(path1->mnt), path1->dentry, path2); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_under); /* * pivot_root Semantics: * Moves the root file system of the current process to the directory put_old, * makes new_root as the new root file system of the current process, and sets * root/cwd of all processes which had them on the current root to new_root. * * Restrictions: * The new_root and put_old must be directories, and must not be on the * same file system as the current process root. The put_old must be * underneath new_root, i.e. adding a non-zero number of /.. to the string * pointed to by put_old must yield the same directory as new_root. No other * file system may be mounted on put_old. After all, new_root is a mountpoint. * * Also, the current root cannot be on the 'rootfs' (initial ramfs) filesystem. * See Documentation/filesystems/ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.rst for alternatives * in this situation. * * Notes: * - we don't move root/cwd if they are not at the root (reason: if something * cared enough to change them, it's probably wrong to force them elsewhere) * - it's okay to pick a root that isn't the root of a file system, e.g. * /nfs/my_root where /nfs is the mount point. It must be a mountpoint, * though, so you may need to say mount --bind /nfs/my_root /nfs/my_root * first. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pivot_root, const char __user *, new_root, const char __user *, put_old) { struct path new, old, root; struct mount *new_mnt, *root_mnt, *old_mnt, *root_parent, *ex_parent; struct mountpoint *old_mp, *root_mp; int error; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, new_root, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &new); if (error) goto out0; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, put_old, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &old); if (error) goto out1; error = security_sb_pivotroot(&old, &new); if (error) goto out2; get_fs_root(current->fs, &root); old_mp = lock_mount(&old); error = PTR_ERR(old_mp); if (IS_ERR(old_mp)) goto out3; error = -EINVAL; new_mnt = real_mount(new.mnt); root_mnt = real_mount(root.mnt); old_mnt = real_mount(old.mnt); ex_parent = new_mnt->mnt_parent; root_parent = root_mnt->mnt_parent; if (IS_MNT_SHARED(old_mnt) || IS_MNT_SHARED(ex_parent) || IS_MNT_SHARED(root_parent)) goto out4; if (!check_mnt(root_mnt) || !check_mnt(new_mnt)) goto out4; if (new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out4; error = -ENOENT; if (d_unlinked(new.dentry)) goto out4; error = -EBUSY; if (new_mnt == root_mnt || old_mnt == root_mnt) goto out4; /* loop, on the same file system */ error = -EINVAL; if (root.mnt->mnt_root != root.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(root_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ if (new.mnt->mnt_root != new.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(new_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ /* make sure we can reach put_old from new_root */ if (!is_path_reachable(old_mnt, old.dentry, &new)) goto out4; /* make certain new is below the root */ if (!is_path_reachable(new_mnt, new.dentry, &root)) goto out4; lock_mount_hash(); umount_mnt(new_mnt); root_mp = unhash_mnt(root_mnt); /* we'll need its mountpoint */ if (root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; } /* mount old root on put_old */ attach_mnt(root_mnt, old_mnt, old_mp); /* mount new_root on / */ attach_mnt(new_mnt, root_parent, root_mp); mnt_add_count(root_parent, -1); touch_mnt_namespace(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns); /* A moved mount should not expire automatically */ list_del_init(&new_mnt->mnt_expire); put_mountpoint(root_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); chroot_fs_refs(&root, &new); error = 0; out4: unlock_mount(old_mp); if (!error) mntput_no_expire(ex_parent); out3: path_put(&root); out2: path_put(&old); out1: path_put(&new); out0: return error; } static void __init init_mount_tree(void) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mount *m; struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(&rootfs_fs_type, 0, "rootfs", NULL); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) panic("Can't create rootfs"); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(ns)) panic("Can't allocate initial namespace"); m = real_mount(mnt); m->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = m; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&m->mnt_list, &ns->list); init_task.nsproxy->mnt_ns = ns; get_mnt_ns(ns); root.mnt = mnt; root.dentry = mnt->mnt_root; mnt->mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &root); set_fs_root(current->fs, &root); } void __init mnt_init(void) { int err; mnt_cache = kmem_cache_create("mnt_cache", sizeof(struct mount), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC, NULL); mount_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mount-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mhash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &m_hash_shift, &m_hash_mask, 0, 0); mountpoint_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mountpoint-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mphash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &mp_hash_shift, &mp_hash_mask, 0, 0); if (!mount_hashtable || !mountpoint_hashtable) panic("Failed to allocate mount hash table\n"); kernfs_init(); err = sysfs_init(); if (err) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: sysfs_init error: %d\n", __func__, err); fs_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("fs", NULL); if (!fs_kobj) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: kobj create error\n", __func__); shmem_init(); init_rootfs(); init_mount_tree(); } void put_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) return; drop_collected_mounts(&ns->root->mnt); free_mnt_ns(ns); } struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type) { struct vfsmount *mnt; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_KERNMOUNT, type->name, NULL); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) { /* * it is a longterm mount, don't release mnt until * we unmount before file sys is unregistered */ real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; } return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kern_mount); void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* release long term mount so mount point can be released */ if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mnt)) { real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu(); /* yecchhh... */ mntput(mnt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount); void kern_unmount_array(struct vfsmount *mnt[], unsigned int num) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (mnt[i]) real_mount(mnt[i])->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) mntput(mnt[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount_array); bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)); } bool current_chrooted(void) { /* Does the current process have a non-standard root */ struct path ns_root; struct path fs_root; bool chrooted; /* Find the namespace root */ ns_root.mnt = &current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->root->mnt; ns_root.dentry = ns_root.mnt->mnt_root; path_get(&ns_root); while (d_mountpoint(ns_root.dentry) && follow_down_one(&ns_root)) ; get_fs_root(current->fs, &fs_root); chrooted = !path_equal(&fs_root, &ns_root); path_put(&fs_root); path_put(&ns_root); return chrooted; } static bool mnt_already_visible(struct mnt_namespace *ns, const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { int new_flags = *new_mnt_flags; struct mount *mnt; bool visible = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { struct mount *child; int mnt_flags; if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_type != sb->s_type) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if it's root directory * is not the root directory of the filesystem. */ if (mnt->mnt.mnt_root != mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_root) continue; /* A local view of the mount flags */ mnt_flags = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't miss readonly hidden in the superblock flags */ if (sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb)) mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; /* Verify the mount flags are equal to or more permissive * than the proposed new mount. */ if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(new_flags & MNT_READONLY)) continue; if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (new_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if there are any * locked child mounts that cover anything except for * empty directories. */ list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct inode *inode = child->mnt_mountpoint->d_inode; /* Only worry about locked mounts */ if (!(child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)) continue; /* Is the directory permanetly empty? */ if (!is_empty_dir_inode(inode)) goto next; } /* Preserve the locked attributes */ *new_mnt_flags |= mnt_flags & (MNT_LOCK_READONLY | \ MNT_LOCK_ATIME); visible = true; goto found; next: ; } found: unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return visible; } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { const unsigned long required_iflags = SB_I_NOEXEC | SB_I_NODEV; struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; unsigned long s_iflags; if (ns->user_ns == &init_user_ns) return false; /* Can this filesystem be too revealing? */ s_iflags = sb->s_iflags; if (!(s_iflags & SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE)) return false; if ((s_iflags & required_iflags) != required_iflags) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Expected s_iflags to contain 0x%lx\n", required_iflags); return true; } return !mnt_already_visible(ns, sb, new_mnt_flags); } bool mnt_may_suid(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* * Foreign mounts (accessed via fchdir or through /proc * symlinks) are always treated as if they are nosuid. This * prevents namespaces from trusting potentially unsafe * suid/sgid bits, file caps, or security labels that originate * in other namespaces. */ return !(mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID) && check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)) && current_in_userns(mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns); } static struct ns_common *mntns_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct ns_common *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = &nsproxy->mnt_ns->ns; get_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } task_unlock(task); return ns; } static void mntns_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } static int mntns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy = nsset->nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs = nsset->fs; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(ns), *old_mnt_ns; struct user_namespace *user_ns = nsset->cred->user_ns; struct path root; int err; if (!ns_capable(mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_CHROOT) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (is_anon_ns(mnt_ns)) return -EINVAL; if (fs->users != 1) return -EINVAL; get_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); old_mnt_ns = nsproxy->mnt_ns; nsproxy->mnt_ns = mnt_ns; /* Find the root */ err = vfs_path_lookup(mnt_ns->root->mnt.mnt_root, &mnt_ns->root->mnt, "/", LOOKUP_DOWN, &root); if (err) { /* revert to old namespace */ nsproxy->mnt_ns = old_mnt_ns; put_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); return err; } put_mnt_ns(old_mnt_ns); /* Update the pwd and root */ set_fs_pwd(fs, &root); set_fs_root(fs, &root); path_put(&root); return 0; } static struct user_namespace *mntns_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_mnt_ns(ns)->user_ns; } const struct proc_ns_operations mntns_operations = { .name = "mnt", .type = CLONE_NEWNS, .get = mntns_get, .put = mntns_put, .install = mntns_install, .owner = mntns_owner, };
2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/mm/mlock.c * * (C) Copyright 1995 Linus Torvalds * (C) Copyright 2002 Christoph Hellwig */ #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/user.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include "internal.h" bool can_do_mlock(void) { if (rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) != 0) return true; if (capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) return true; return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(can_do_mlock); /* * Mlocked pages are marked with PageMlocked() flag for efficient testing * in vmscan and, possibly, the fault path; and to support semi-accurate * statistics. * * An mlocked page [PageMlocked(page)] is unevictable. As such, it will * be placed on the LRU "unevictable" list, rather than the [in]active lists. * The unevictable list is an LRU sibling list to the [in]active lists. * PageUnevictable is set to indicate the unevictable state. * * When lazy mlocking via vmscan, it is important to ensure that the * vma's VM_LOCKED status is not concurrently being modified, otherwise we * may have mlocked a page that is being munlocked. So lazy mlock must take * the mmap_lock for read, and verify that the vma really is locked * (see mm/rmap.c). */ /* * LRU accounting for clear_page_mlock() */ void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { int nr_pages; if (!TestClearPageMlocked(page)) return; nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, -nr_pages); count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGCLEARED, nr_pages); /* * The previous TestClearPageMlocked() corresponds to the smp_mb() * in __pagevec_lru_add_fn(). * * See __pagevec_lru_add_fn for more explanation. */ if (!isolate_lru_page(page)) { putback_lru_page(page); } else { /* * We lost the race. the page already moved to evictable list. */ if (PageUnevictable(page)) count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGSTRANDED, nr_pages); } } /* * Mark page as mlocked if not already. * If page on LRU, isolate and putback to move to unevictable list. */ void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { /* Serialize with page migration */ BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageCompound(page) && PageDoubleMap(page), page); if (!TestSetPageMlocked(page)) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, nr_pages); count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGMLOCKED, nr_pages); if (!isolate_lru_page(page)) putback_lru_page(page); } } /* * Isolate a page from LRU with optional get_page() pin. * Assumes lru_lock already held and page already pinned. */ static bool __munlock_isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, bool getpage) { if (PageLRU(page)) { struct lruvec *lruvec; lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, page_pgdat(page)); if (getpage) get_page(page); ClearPageLRU(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_lru(page)); return true; } return false; } /* * Finish munlock after successful page isolation * * Page must be locked. This is a wrapper for try_to_munlock() * and putback_lru_page() with munlock accounting. */ static void __munlock_isolated_page(struct page *page) { /* * Optimization: if the page was mapped just once, that's our mapping * and we don't need to check all the other vmas. */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1) try_to_munlock(page); /* Did try_to_unlock() succeed or punt? */ if (!PageMlocked(page)) count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGMUNLOCKED, thp_nr_pages(page)); putback_lru_page(page); } /* * Accounting for page isolation fail during munlock * * Performs accounting when page isolation fails in munlock. There is nothing * else to do because it means some other task has already removed the page * from the LRU. putback_lru_page() will take care of removing the page from * the unevictable list, if necessary. vmscan [page_referenced()] will move * the page back to the unevictable list if some other vma has it mlocked. */ static void __munlock_isolation_failed(struct page *page) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); if (PageUnevictable(page)) __count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGSTRANDED, nr_pages); else __count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGMUNLOCKED, nr_pages); } /** * munlock_vma_page - munlock a vma page * @page: page to be unlocked, either a normal page or THP page head * * returns the size of the page as a page mask (0 for normal page, * HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1 for THP head page) * * called from munlock()/munmap() path with page supposedly on the LRU. * When we munlock a page, because the vma where we found the page is being * munlock()ed or munmap()ed, we want to check whether other vmas hold the * page locked so that we can leave it on the unevictable lru list and not * bother vmscan with it. However, to walk the page's rmap list in * try_to_munlock() we must isolate the page from the LRU. If some other * task has removed the page from the LRU, we won't be able to do that. * So we clear the PageMlocked as we might not get another chance. If we * can't isolate the page, we leave it for putback_lru_page() and vmscan * [page_referenced()/try_to_unmap()] to deal with. */ unsigned int munlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { int nr_pages; pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page); /* For try_to_munlock() and to serialize with page migration */ BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); /* * Serialize with any parallel __split_huge_page_refcount() which * might otherwise copy PageMlocked to part of the tail pages before * we clear it in the head page. It also stabilizes thp_nr_pages(). */ spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); if (!TestClearPageMlocked(page)) { /* Potentially, PTE-mapped THP: do not skip the rest PTEs */ nr_pages = 1; goto unlock_out; } nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, -nr_pages); if (__munlock_isolate_lru_page(page, true)) { spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); __munlock_isolated_page(page); goto out; } __munlock_isolation_failed(page); unlock_out: spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); out: return nr_pages - 1; } /* * convert get_user_pages() return value to posix mlock() error */ static int __mlock_posix_error_return(long retval) { if (retval == -EFAULT) retval = -ENOMEM; else if (retval == -ENOMEM) retval = -EAGAIN; return retval; } /* * Prepare page for fast batched LRU putback via putback_lru_evictable_pagevec() * * The fast path is available only for evictable pages with single mapping. * Then we can bypass the per-cpu pvec and get better performance. * when mapcount > 1 we need try_to_munlock() which can fail. * when !page_evictable(), we need the full redo logic of putback_lru_page to * avoid leaving evictable page in unevictable list. * * In case of success, @page is added to @pvec and @pgrescued is incremented * in case that the page was previously unevictable. @page is also unlocked. */ static bool __putback_lru_fast_prepare(struct page *page, struct pagevec *pvec, int *pgrescued) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); if (page_mapcount(page) <= 1 && page_evictable(page)) { pagevec_add(pvec, page); if (TestClearPageUnevictable(page)) (*pgrescued)++; unlock_page(page); return true; } return false; } /* * Putback multiple evictable pages to the LRU * * Batched putback of evictable pages that bypasses the per-cpu pvec. Some of * the pages might have meanwhile become unevictable but that is OK. */ static void __putback_lru_fast(struct pagevec *pvec, int pgrescued) { count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGMUNLOCKED, pagevec_count(pvec)); /* *__pagevec_lru_add() calls release_pages() so we don't call * put_page() explicitly */ __pagevec_lru_add(pvec); count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGRESCUED, pgrescued); } /* * Munlock a batch of pages from the same zone * * The work is split to two main phases. First phase clears the Mlocked flag * and attempts to isolate the pages, all under a single zone lru lock. * The second phase finishes the munlock only for pages where isolation * succeeded. * * Note that the pagevec may be modified during the process. */ static void __munlock_pagevec(struct pagevec *pvec, struct zone *zone) { int i; int nr = pagevec_count(pvec); int delta_munlocked = -nr; struct pagevec pvec_putback; int pgrescued = 0; pagevec_init(&pvec_putback); /* Phase 1: page isolation */ spin_lock_irq(&zone->zone_pgdat->lru_lock); for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) { struct page *page = pvec->pages[i]; if (TestClearPageMlocked(page)) { /* * We already have pin from follow_page_mask() * so we can spare the get_page() here. */ if (__munlock_isolate_lru_page(page, false)) continue; else __munlock_isolation_failed(page); } else { delta_munlocked++; } /* * We won't be munlocking this page in the next phase * but we still need to release the follow_page_mask() * pin. We cannot do it under lru_lock however. If it's * the last pin, __page_cache_release() would deadlock. */ pagevec_add(&pvec_putback, pvec->pages[i]); pvec->pages[i] = NULL; } __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_MLOCK, delta_munlocked); spin_unlock_irq(&zone->zone_pgdat->lru_lock); /* Now we can release pins of pages that we are not munlocking */ pagevec_release(&pvec_putback); /* Phase 2: page munlock */ for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) { struct page *page = pvec->pages[i]; if (page) { lock_page(page); if (!__putback_lru_fast_prepare(page, &pvec_putback, &pgrescued)) { /* * Slow path. We don't want to lose the last * pin before unlock_page() */ get_page(page); /* for putback_lru_page() */ __munlock_isolated_page(page); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); /* from follow_page_mask() */ } } } /* * Phase 3: page putback for pages that qualified for the fast path * This will also call put_page() to return pin from follow_page_mask() */ if (pagevec_count(&pvec_putback)) __putback_lru_fast(&pvec_putback, pgrescued); } /* * Fill up pagevec for __munlock_pagevec using pte walk * * The function expects that the struct page corresponding to @start address is * a non-TPH page already pinned and in the @pvec, and that it belongs to @zone. * * The rest of @pvec is filled by subsequent pages within the same pmd and same * zone, as long as the pte's are present and vm_normal_page() succeeds. These * pages also get pinned. * * Returns the address of the next page that should be scanned. This equals * @start + PAGE_SIZE when no page could be added by the pte walk. */ static unsigned long __munlock_pagevec_fill(struct pagevec *pvec, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct zone *zone, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; /* * Initialize pte walk starting at the already pinned page where we * are sure that there is a pte, as it was pinned under the same * mmap_lock write op. */ pte = get_locked_pte(vma->vm_mm, start, &ptl); /* Make sure we do not cross the page table boundary */ end = pgd_addr_end(start, end); end = p4d_addr_end(start, end); end = pud_addr_end(start, end); end = pmd_addr_end(start, end); /* The page next to the pinned page is the first we will try to get */ start += PAGE_SIZE; while (start < end) { struct page *page = NULL; pte++; if (pte_present(*pte)) page = vm_normal_page(vma, start, *pte); /* * Break if page could not be obtained or the page's node+zone does not * match */ if (!page || page_zone(page) != zone) break; /* * Do not use pagevec for PTE-mapped THP, * munlock_vma_pages_range() will handle them. */ if (PageTransCompound(page)) break; get_page(page); /* * Increase the address that will be returned *before* the * eventual break due to pvec becoming full by adding the page */ start += PAGE_SIZE; if (pagevec_add(pvec, page) == 0) break; } pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return start; } /* * munlock_vma_pages_range() - munlock all pages in the vma range.' * @vma - vma containing range to be munlock()ed. * @start - start address in @vma of the range * @end - end of range in @vma. * * For mremap(), munmap() and exit(). * * Called with @vma VM_LOCKED. * * Returns with VM_LOCKED cleared. Callers must be prepared to * deal with this. * * We don't save and restore VM_LOCKED here because pages are * still on lru. In unmap path, pages might be scanned by reclaim * and re-mlocked by try_to_{munlock|unmap} before we unmap and * free them. This will result in freeing mlocked pages. */ void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; while (start < end) { struct page *page; unsigned int page_mask = 0; unsigned long page_increm; struct pagevec pvec; struct zone *zone; pagevec_init(&pvec); /* * Although FOLL_DUMP is intended for get_dump_page(), * it just so happens that its special treatment of the * ZERO_PAGE (returning an error instead of doing get_page) * suits munlock very well (and if somehow an abnormal page * has sneaked into the range, we won't oops here: great). */ page = follow_page(vma, start, FOLL_GET | FOLL_DUMP); if (page && !IS_ERR(page)) { if (PageTransTail(page)) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageMlocked(page), page); put_page(page); /* follow_page_mask() */ } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { lock_page(page); /* * Any THP page found by follow_page_mask() may * have gotten split before reaching * munlock_vma_page(), so we need to compute * the page_mask here instead. */ page_mask = munlock_vma_page(page); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); /* follow_page_mask() */ } else { /* * Non-huge pages are handled in batches via * pagevec. The pin from follow_page_mask() * prevents them from collapsing by THP. */ pagevec_add(&pvec, page); zone = page_zone(page); /* * Try to fill the rest of pagevec using fast * pte walk. This will also update start to * the next page to process. Then munlock the * pagevec. */ start = __munlock_pagevec_fill(&pvec, vma, zone, start, end); __munlock_pagevec(&pvec, zone); goto next; } } page_increm = 1 + page_mask; start += page_increm * PAGE_SIZE; next: cond_resched(); } } /* * mlock_fixup - handle mlock[all]/munlock[all] requests. * * Filters out "special" vmas -- VM_LOCKED never gets set for these, and * munlock is a no-op. However, for some special vmas, we go ahead and * populate the ptes. * * For vmas that pass the filters, merge/split as appropriate. */ static int mlock_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **prev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, vm_flags_t newflags) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgoff_t pgoff; int nr_pages; int ret = 0; int lock = !!(newflags & VM_LOCKED); vm_flags_t old_flags = vma->vm_flags; if (newflags == vma->vm_flags || (vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL) || is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) || vma == get_gate_vma(current->mm) || vma_is_dax(vma)) /* don't set VM_LOCKED or VM_LOCKONFAULT and don't count */ goto out; pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff + ((start - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); *prev = vma_merge(mm, *prev, start, end, newflags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, vma_policy(vma), vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (*prev) { vma = *prev; goto success; } if (start != vma->vm_start) { ret = split_vma(mm, vma, start, 1); if (ret) goto out; } if (end != vma->vm_end) { ret = split_vma(mm, vma, end, 0); if (ret) goto out; } success: /* * Keep track of amount of locked VM. */ nr_pages = (end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (!lock) nr_pages = -nr_pages; else if (old_flags & VM_LOCKED) nr_pages = 0; mm->locked_vm += nr_pages; /* * vm_flags is protected by the mmap_lock held in write mode. * It's okay if try_to_unmap_one unmaps a page just after we * set VM_LOCKED, populate_vma_page_range will bring it back. */ if (lock) vma->vm_flags = newflags; else munlock_vma_pages_range(vma, start, end); out: *prev = vma; return ret; } static int apply_vma_lock_flags(unsigned long start, size_t len, vm_flags_t flags) { unsigned long nstart, end, tmp; struct vm_area_struct * vma, * prev; int error; VM_BUG_ON(offset_in_page(start)); VM_BUG_ON(len != PAGE_ALIGN(len)); end = start + len; if (end < start) return -EINVAL; if (end == start) return 0; vma = find_vma(current->mm, start); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > start) return -ENOMEM; prev = vma->vm_prev; if (start > vma->vm_start) prev = vma; for (nstart = start ; ; ) { vm_flags_t newflags = vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; newflags |= flags; /* Here we know that vma->vm_start <= nstart < vma->vm_end. */ tmp = vma->vm_end; if (tmp > end) tmp = end; error = mlock_fixup(vma, &prev, nstart, tmp, newflags); if (error) break; nstart = tmp; if (nstart < prev->vm_end) nstart = prev->vm_end; if (nstart >= end) break; vma = prev->vm_next; if (!vma || vma->vm_start != nstart) { error = -ENOMEM; break; } } return error; } /* * Go through vma areas and sum size of mlocked * vma pages, as return value. * Note deferred memory locking case(mlock2(,,MLOCK_ONFAULT) * is also counted. * Return value: previously mlocked page counts */ static unsigned long count_mm_mlocked_page_nr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long count = 0; if (mm == NULL) mm = current->mm; vma = find_vma(mm, start); if (vma == NULL) vma = mm->mmap; for (; vma ; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (start >= vma->vm_end) continue; if (start + len <= vma->vm_start) break; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { if (start > vma->vm_start) count -= (start - vma->vm_start); if (start + len < vma->vm_end) { count += start + len - vma->vm_start; break; } count += vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; } } return count >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static __must_check int do_mlock(unsigned long start, size_t len, vm_flags_t flags) { unsigned long locked; unsigned long lock_limit; int error = -ENOMEM; start = untagged_addr(start); if (!can_do_mlock()) return -EPERM; len = PAGE_ALIGN(len + (offset_in_page(start))); start &= PAGE_MASK; lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; locked = len >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(current->mm)) return -EINTR; locked += current->mm->locked_vm; if ((locked > lock_limit) && (!capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK))) { /* * It is possible that the regions requested intersect with * previously mlocked areas, that part area in "mm->locked_vm" * should not be counted to new mlock increment count. So check * and adjust locked count if necessary. */ locked -= count_mm_mlocked_page_nr(current->mm, start, len); } /* check against resource limits */ if ((locked <= lock_limit) || capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) error = apply_vma_lock_flags(start, len, flags); mmap_write_unlock(current->mm); if (error) return error; error = __mm_populate(start, len, 0); if (error) return __mlock_posix_error_return(error); return 0; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(mlock, unsigned long, start, size_t, len) { return do_mlock(start, len, VM_LOCKED); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mlock2, unsigned long, start, size_t, len, int, flags) { vm_flags_t vm_flags = VM_LOCKED; if (flags & ~MLOCK_ONFAULT) return -EINVAL; if (flags & MLOCK_ONFAULT) vm_flags |= VM_LOCKONFAULT; return do_mlock(start, len, vm_flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(munlock, unsigned long, start, size_t, len) { int ret; start = untagged_addr(start); len = PAGE_ALIGN(len + (offset_in_page(start))); start &= PAGE_MASK; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(current->mm)) return -EINTR; ret = apply_vma_lock_flags(start, len, 0); mmap_write_unlock(current->mm); return ret; } /* * Take the MCL_* flags passed into mlockall (or 0 if called from munlockall) * and translate into the appropriate modifications to mm->def_flags and/or the * flags for all current VMAs. * * There are a couple of subtleties with this. If mlockall() is called multiple * times with different flags, the values do not necessarily stack. If mlockall * is called once including the MCL_FUTURE flag and then a second time without * it, VM_LOCKED and VM_LOCKONFAULT will be cleared from mm->def_flags. */ static int apply_mlockall_flags(int flags) { struct vm_area_struct * vma, * prev = NULL; vm_flags_t to_add = 0; current->mm->def_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; if (flags & MCL_FUTURE) { current->mm->def_flags |= VM_LOCKED; if (flags & MCL_ONFAULT) current->mm->def_flags |= VM_LOCKONFAULT; if (!(flags & MCL_CURRENT)) goto out; } if (flags & MCL_CURRENT) { to_add |= VM_LOCKED; if (flags & MCL_ONFAULT) to_add |= VM_LOCKONFAULT; } for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma ; vma = prev->vm_next) { vm_flags_t newflags; newflags = vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; newflags |= to_add; /* Ignore errors */ mlock_fixup(vma, &prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, newflags); cond_resched(); } out: return 0; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(mlockall, int, flags) { unsigned long lock_limit; int ret; if (!flags || (flags & ~(MCL_CURRENT | MCL_FUTURE | MCL_ONFAULT)) || flags == MCL_ONFAULT) return -EINVAL; if (!can_do_mlock()) return -EPERM; lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(current->mm)) return -EINTR; ret = -ENOMEM; if (!(flags & MCL_CURRENT) || (current->mm->total_vm <= lock_limit) || capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) ret = apply_mlockall_flags(flags); mmap_write_unlock(current->mm); if (!ret && (flags & MCL_CURRENT)) mm_populate(0, TASK_SIZE); return ret; } SYSCALL_DEFINE0(munlockall) { int ret; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(current->mm)) return -EINTR; ret = apply_mlockall_flags(0); mmap_write_unlock(current->mm); return ret; } /* * Objects with different lifetime than processes (SHM_LOCK and SHM_HUGETLB * shm segments) get accounted against the user_struct instead. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(shmlock_user_lock); int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user) { unsigned long lock_limit, locked; int allowed = 0; locked = (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); if (lock_limit == RLIM_INFINITY) allowed = 1; lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock); if (!allowed && locked + user->locked_shm > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) goto out; get_uid(user); user->locked_shm += locked; allowed = 1; out: spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock); return allowed; } void user_shm_unlock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user) { spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock); user->locked_shm -= (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock); free_uid(user); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return read_pnet(&ct->ct_net); } /* Alter reply tuple (maybe alter helper). */ void nf_conntrack_alter_reply(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *newreply); /* Is this tuple taken? (ignoring any belonging to the given conntrack). */ int nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conn *ignored_conntrack); /* Return conntrack_info and tuple hash for given skb. */ static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_get(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo) { unsigned long nfct = skb_get_nfct(skb); *ctinfo = nfct & NFCT_INFOMASK; return (struct nf_conn *)(nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); } /* decrement reference count on a conntrack */ static inline void nf_ct_put(struct nf_conn *ct) { WARN_ON(!ct); nf_conntrack_put(&ct->ct_general); } /* Protocol module loading */ int nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(unsigned short l3proto); void nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(unsigned short l3proto); /* load module; enable/disable conntrack in this namespace */ int nf_ct_netns_get(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); void nf_ct_netns_put(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); /* * Allocate a hashtable of hlist_head (if nulls == 0), * or hlist_nulls_head (if nulls == 1) */ void *nf_ct_alloc_hashtable(unsigned int *sizep, int nulls); int nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct); bool nf_ct_delete(struct nf_conn *ct, u32 pid, int report); bool nf_ct_get_tuplepr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int nhoff, u_int16_t l3num, struct net *net, struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple); void __nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies, bool do_acct); /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies and do accounting */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, ctinfo, skb, extra_jiffies, true); } /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, 0, skb, extra_jiffies, false); } /* kill conntrack and do accounting */ bool nf_ct_kill_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* kill conntrack without accounting */ static inline bool nf_ct_kill(struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_delete(ct, 0, 0); } /* Set all unconfirmed conntrack as dying */ void nf_ct_unconfirmed_destroy(struct net *); /* Iterate over all conntracks: if iter returns true, it's deleted. */ void nf_ct_iterate_cleanup_net(struct net *net, int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data, u32 portid, int report); /* also set unconfirmed conntracks as dying. Only use in module exit path. */ void nf_ct_iterate_destroy(int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data); struct nf_conntrack_zone; void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct); struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *orig, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *repl, gfp_t gfp); static inline int nf_ct_is_template(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status); } /* It's confirmed if it is, or has been in the hash table. */ static inline int nf_ct_is_confirmed(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status); } static inline int nf_ct_is_dying(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status); } /* Packet is received from loopback */ static inline bool nf_is_loopback_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dev && skb->skb_iif && skb->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK; } #define nfct_time_stamp ((u32)(jiffies)) /* jiffies until ct expires, 0 if already expired */ static inline unsigned long nf_ct_expires(const struct nf_conn *ct) { s32 timeout = ct->timeout - nfct_time_stamp; return timeout > 0 ? timeout : 0; } static inline bool nf_ct_is_expired(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return (__s32)(ct->timeout - nfct_time_stamp) <= 0; } /* use after obtaining a reference count */ static inline bool nf_ct_should_gc(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_is_expired(ct) && nf_ct_is_confirmed(ct) && !nf_ct_is_dying(ct); } #define NF_CT_DAY (86400 * HZ) /* Set an arbitrary timeout large enough not to ever expire, this save * us a check for the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT from the packet path via * nf_ct_is_expired(). */ static inline void nf_ct_offload_timeout(struct nf_conn *ct) { if (nf_ct_expires(ct) < NF_CT_DAY / 2) ct->timeout = nfct_time_stamp + NF_CT_DAY; } struct kernel_param; int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp); int nf_conntrack_hash_resize(unsigned int hashsize); extern struct hlist_nulls_head *nf_conntrack_hash; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_htable_size; extern seqcount_spinlock_t nf_conntrack_generation; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max; /* must be called with rcu read lock held */ static inline void nf_conntrack_get_ht(struct hlist_nulls_head **hash, unsigned int *hsize) { struct hlist_nulls_head *hptr; unsigned int sequence, hsz; do { sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&nf_conntrack_generation); hsz = nf_conntrack_htable_size; hptr = nf_conntrack_hash; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&nf_conntrack_generation, sequence)); *hash = hptr; *hsize = hsz; } struct nf_conn *nf_ct_tmpl_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, gfp_t flags); void nf_ct_tmpl_free(struct nf_conn *tmpl); u32 nf_ct_get_id(const struct nf_conn *ct); static inline void nf_ct_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info info) { skb_set_nfct(skb, (unsigned long)ct | info); } #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count) __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_ADD_ATOMIC(net, count, v) this_cpu_add((net)->ct.stat->count, (v)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER(helper) \ MODULE_ALIAS("nfct-helper-" helper) #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM exceptions #if !defined(_TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <asm/trace/common.h> extern int trace_pagefault_reg(void); extern void trace_pagefault_unreg(void); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(x86_exceptions, TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code), TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, address ) __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( unsigned long, error_code ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->address = address; __entry->ip = regs->ip; __entry->error_code = error_code; ), TP_printk("address=%ps ip=%ps error_code=0x%lx", (void *)__entry->address, (void *)__entry->ip, __entry->error_code) ); #define DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT_FN(x86_exceptions, name, \ TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, \ unsigned long error_code), \ TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), \ trace_pagefault_reg, trace_pagefault_unreg); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_user); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_kernel); #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH . #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE exceptions #endif /* _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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