1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_GENHD_H #define _LINUX_GENHD_H /* * genhd.h Copyright (C) 1992 Drew Eckhardt * Generic hard disk header file by * Drew Eckhardt * * <drew@colorado.edu> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <asm/local.h> #define dev_to_disk(device) container_of((device), struct gendisk, part0.__dev) #define dev_to_part(device) container_of((device), struct hd_struct, __dev) #define disk_to_dev(disk) (&(disk)->part0.__dev) #define part_to_dev(part) (&((part)->__dev)) extern const struct device_type disk_type; extern struct device_type part_type; extern struct class block_class; #define DISK_MAX_PARTS 256 #define DISK_NAME_LEN 32 #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #define PARTITION_META_INFO_VOLNAMELTH 64 /* * Enough for the string representation of any kind of UUID plus NULL. * EFI UUID is 36 characters. MSDOS UUID is 11 characters. */ #define PARTITION_META_INFO_UUIDLTH (UUID_STRING_LEN + 1) struct partition_meta_info { char uuid[PARTITION_META_INFO_UUIDLTH]; u8 volname[PARTITION_META_INFO_VOLNAMELTH]; }; struct hd_struct { sector_t start_sect; /* * nr_sects is protected by sequence counter. One might extend a * partition while IO is happening to it and update of nr_sects * can be non-atomic on 32bit machines with 64bit sector_t. */ sector_t nr_sects; #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) seqcount_t nr_sects_seq; #endif unsigned long stamp; struct disk_stats __percpu *dkstats; struct percpu_ref ref; struct device __dev; struct kobject *holder_dir; int policy, partno; struct partition_meta_info *info; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST int make_it_fail; #endif struct rcu_work rcu_work; }; /** * DOC: genhd capability flags * * ``GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE`` (0x0001): indicates that the block device * gives access to removable media. * When set, the device remains present even when media is not * inserted. * Must not be set for devices which are removed entirely when the * media is removed. * * ``GENHD_FL_CD`` (0x0008): the block device is a CD-ROM-style * device. * Affects responses to the ``CDROM_GET_CAPABILITY`` ioctl. * * ``GENHD_FL_UP`` (0x0010): indicates that the block device is "up", * with a similar meaning to network interfaces. * * ``GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO`` (0x0020): don't include * partition information in ``/proc/partitions`` or in the output of * printk_all_partitions(). * Used for the null block device and some MMC devices. * * ``GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT`` (0x0040): the driver supports extended * dynamic ``dev_t``, i.e. it wants extended device numbers * (``BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR``). * This affects the maximum number of partitions. * * ``GENHD_FL_NATIVE_CAPACITY`` (0x0080): based on information in the * partition table, the device's capacity has been extended to its * native capacity; i.e. the device has hidden capacity used by one * of the partitions (this is a flag used so that native capacity is * only ever unlocked once). * * ``GENHD_FL_BLOCK_EVENTS_ON_EXCL_WRITE`` (0x0100): event polling is * blocked whenever a writer holds an exclusive lock. * * ``GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN`` (0x0200): partition scanning is disabled. * Used for loop devices in their default settings and some MMC * devices. * * ``GENHD_FL_HIDDEN`` (0x0400): the block device is hidden; it * doesn't produce events, doesn't appear in sysfs, and doesn't have * an associated ``bdev``. * Implies ``GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO`` and * ``GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN``. * Used for multipath devices. */ #define GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE 0x0001 /* 2 is unused (used to be GENHD_FL_DRIVERFS) */ /* 4 is unused (used to be GENHD_FL_MEDIA_CHANGE_NOTIFY) */ #define GENHD_FL_CD 0x0008 #define GENHD_FL_UP 0x0010 #define GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO 0x0020 #define GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT 0x0040 #define GENHD_FL_NATIVE_CAPACITY 0x0080 #define GENHD_FL_BLOCK_EVENTS_ON_EXCL_WRITE 0x0100 #define GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN 0x0200 #define GENHD_FL_HIDDEN 0x0400 enum { DISK_EVENT_MEDIA_CHANGE = 1 << 0, /* media changed */ DISK_EVENT_EJECT_REQUEST = 1 << 1, /* eject requested */ }; enum { /* Poll even if events_poll_msecs is unset */ DISK_EVENT_FLAG_POLL = 1 << 0, /* Forward events to udev */ DISK_EVENT_FLAG_UEVENT = 1 << 1, }; struct disk_part_tbl { struct rcu_head rcu_head; int len; struct hd_struct __rcu *last_lookup; struct hd_struct __rcu *part[]; }; struct disk_events; struct badblocks; struct blk_integrity { const struct blk_integrity_profile *profile; unsigned char flags; unsigned char tuple_size; unsigned char interval_exp; unsigned char tag_size; }; struct gendisk { /* major, first_minor and minors are input parameters only, * don't use directly. Use disk_devt() and disk_max_parts(). */ int major; /* major number of driver */ int first_minor; int minors; /* maximum number of minors, =1 for * disks that can't be partitioned. */ char disk_name[DISK_NAME_LEN]; /* name of major driver */ unsigned short events; /* supported events */ unsigned short event_flags; /* flags related to event processing */ /* Array of pointers to partitions indexed by partno. * Protected with matching bdev lock but stat and other * non-critical accesses use RCU. Always access through * helpers. */ struct disk_part_tbl __rcu *part_tbl; struct hd_struct part0; const struct block_device_operations *fops; struct request_queue *queue; void *private_data; int flags; unsigned long state; #define GD_NEED_PART_SCAN 0 struct rw_semaphore lookup_sem; struct kobject *slave_dir; struct timer_rand_state *random; atomic_t sync_io; /* RAID */ struct disk_events *ev; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY struct kobject integrity_kobj; #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CDROM) struct cdrom_device_info *cdi; #endif int node_id; struct badblocks *bb; struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; }; #if IS_REACHABLE(CONFIG_CDROM) #define disk_to_cdi(disk) ((disk)->cdi) #else #define disk_to_cdi(disk) NULL #endif static inline struct gendisk *part_to_disk(struct hd_struct *part) { if (likely(part)) { if (part->partno) return dev_to_disk(part_to_dev(part)->parent); else return dev_to_disk(part_to_dev(part)); } return NULL; } static inline int disk_max_parts(struct gendisk *disk) { if (disk->flags & GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT) return DISK_MAX_PARTS; return disk->minors; } static inline bool disk_part_scan_enabled(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk_max_parts(disk) > 1 && !(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN); } static inline dev_t disk_devt(struct gendisk *disk) { return MKDEV(disk->major, disk->first_minor); } static inline dev_t part_devt(struct hd_struct *part) { return part_to_dev(part)->devt; } extern struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); extern struct hd_struct *disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); static inline void disk_put_part(struct hd_struct *part) { if (likely(part)) put_device(part_to_dev(part)); } static inline void hd_sects_seq_init(struct hd_struct *p) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) seqcount_init(&p->nr_sects_seq); #endif } /* * Smarter partition iterator without context limits. */ #define DISK_PITER_REVERSE (1 << 0) /* iterate in the reverse direction */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY (1 << 1) /* include 0-sized parts */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_PART0 (1 << 2) /* include partition 0 */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY_PART0 (1 << 3) /* include empty partition 0 */ struct disk_part_iter { struct gendisk *disk; struct hd_struct *part; int idx; unsigned int flags; }; extern void disk_part_iter_init(struct disk_part_iter *piter, struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int flags); extern struct hd_struct *disk_part_iter_next(struct disk_part_iter *piter); extern void disk_part_iter_exit(struct disk_part_iter *piter); extern bool disk_has_partitions(struct gendisk *disk); /* block/genhd.c */ extern void device_add_disk(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk, const struct attribute_group **groups); static inline void add_disk(struct gendisk *disk) { device_add_disk(NULL, disk, NULL); } extern void device_add_disk_no_queue_reg(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk); static inline void add_disk_no_queue_reg(struct gendisk *disk) { device_add_disk_no_queue_reg(NULL, disk); } extern void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *gp); extern struct gendisk *get_gendisk(dev_t dev, int *partno); extern struct block_device *bdget_disk(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); extern void set_device_ro(struct block_device *bdev, int flag); extern void set_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk, int flag); static inline int get_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk->part0.policy; } extern void disk_block_events(struct gendisk *disk); extern void disk_unblock_events(struct gendisk *disk); extern void disk_flush_events(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int mask); bool set_capacity_revalidate_and_notify(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t size, bool update_bdev); /* drivers/char/random.c */ extern void add_disk_randomness(struct gendisk *disk) __latent_entropy; extern void rand_initialize_disk(struct gendisk *disk); static inline sector_t get_start_sect(struct block_device *bdev) { return bdev->bd_part->start_sect; } static inline sector_t get_capacity(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk->part0.nr_sects; } static inline void set_capacity(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t size) { disk->part0.nr_sects = size; } int bdev_disk_changed(struct block_device *bdev, bool invalidate); int blk_add_partitions(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev); int blk_drop_partitions(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct gendisk *__alloc_disk_node(int minors, int node_id); extern struct kobject *get_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk); extern void put_disk(struct gendisk *disk); extern void put_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk); extern void blk_register_region(dev_t devt, unsigned long range, struct module *module, struct kobject *(*probe)(dev_t, int *, void *), int (*lock)(dev_t, void *), void *data); extern void blk_unregister_region(dev_t devt, unsigned long range); #define alloc_disk_node(minors, node_id) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ const char *__name; \ struct gendisk *__disk; \ \ __name = "(gendisk_completion)"#minors"("#node_id")"; \ \ __disk = __alloc_disk_node(minors, node_id); \ \ if (__disk) \ lockdep_init_map(&__disk->lockdep_map, __name, &__key, 0); \ \ __disk; \ }) #define alloc_disk(minors) alloc_disk_node(minors, NUMA_NO_NODE) int register_blkdev(unsigned int major, const char *name); void unregister_blkdev(unsigned int major, const char *name); void revalidate_disk_size(struct gendisk *disk, bool verbose); bool bdev_check_media_change(struct block_device *bdev); int __invalidate_device(struct block_device *bdev, bool kill_dirty); void bd_set_nr_sectors(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sectors); /* for drivers/char/raw.c: */ int blkdev_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long); long compat_blkdev_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS int bd_link_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk); void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk); #else static inline int bd_link_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk) { return 0; } static inline void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void printk_all_partitions(void); dev_t blk_lookup_devt(const char *name, int partno); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ static inline void printk_all_partitions(void) { } static inline dev_t blk_lookup_devt(const char *name, int partno) { dev_t devt = MKDEV(0, 0); return devt; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif /* _LINUX_GENHD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KERNEL_H #define _LINUX_KERNEL_H #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/typecheck.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <asm/div64.h> #include <uapi/linux/kernel.h> #define STACK_MAGIC 0xdeadbeef /** * REPEAT_BYTE - repeat the value @x multiple times as an unsigned long value * @x: value to repeat * * NOTE: @x is not checked for > 0xff; larger values produce odd results. */ #define REPEAT_BYTE(x) ((~0ul / 0xff) * (x)) /* @a is a power of 2 value */ #define ALIGN(x, a) __ALIGN_KERNEL((x), (a)) #define ALIGN_DOWN(x, a) __ALIGN_KERNEL((x) - ((a) - 1), (a)) #define __ALIGN_MASK(x, mask) __ALIGN_KERNEL_MASK((x), (mask)) #define PTR_ALIGN(p, a) ((typeof(p))ALIGN((unsigned long)(p), (a))) #define PTR_ALIGN_DOWN(p, a) ((typeof(p))ALIGN_DOWN((unsigned long)(p), (a))) #define IS_ALIGNED(x, a) (((x) & ((typeof(x))(a) - 1)) == 0) /* generic data direction definitions */ #define READ 0 #define WRITE 1 /** * ARRAY_SIZE - get the number of elements in array @arr * @arr: array to be sized */ #define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof((arr)[0]) + __must_be_array(arr)) #define u64_to_user_ptr(x) ( \ { \ typecheck(u64, (x)); \ (void __user *)(uintptr_t)(x); \ } \ ) /* * This looks more complex than it should be. But we need to * get the type for the ~ right in round_down (it needs to be * as wide as the result!), and we want to evaluate the macro * arguments just once each. */ #define __round_mask(x, y) ((__typeof__(x))((y)-1)) /** * round_up - round up to next specified power of 2 * @x: the value to round * @y: multiple to round up to (must be a power of 2) * * Rounds @x up to next multiple of @y (which must be a power of 2). * To perform arbitrary rounding up, use roundup() below. */ #define round_up(x, y) ((((x)-1) | __round_mask(x, y))+1) /** * round_down - round down to next specified power of 2 * @x: the value to round * @y: multiple to round down to (must be a power of 2) * * Rounds @x down to next multiple of @y (which must be a power of 2). * To perform arbitrary rounding down, use rounddown() below. */ #define round_down(x, y) ((x) & ~__round_mask(x, y)) #define typeof_member(T, m) typeof(((T*)0)->m) #define DIV_ROUND_UP __KERNEL_DIV_ROUND_UP #define DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(ll, d) \ ({ unsigned long long _tmp = (ll); do_div(_tmp, d); _tmp; }) #define DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL(ll, d) \ DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL((unsigned long long)(ll) + (d) - 1, (d)) #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 # define DIV_ROUND_UP_SECTOR_T(ll,d) DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL(ll, d) #else # define DIV_ROUND_UP_SECTOR_T(ll,d) DIV_ROUND_UP(ll,d) #endif /** * roundup - round up to the next specified multiple * @x: the value to up * @y: multiple to round up to * * Rounds @x up to next multiple of @y. If @y will always be a power * of 2, consider using the faster round_up(). */ #define roundup(x, y) ( \ { \ typeof(y) __y = y; \ (((x) + (__y - 1)) / __y) * __y; \ } \ ) /** * rounddown - round down to next specified multiple * @x: the value to round * @y: multiple to round down to * * Rounds @x down to next multiple of @y. If @y will always be a power * of 2, consider using the faster round_down(). */ #define rounddown(x, y) ( \ { \ typeof(x) __x = (x); \ __x - (__x % (y)); \ } \ ) /* * Divide positive or negative dividend by positive or negative divisor * and round to closest integer. Result is undefined for negative * divisors if the dividend variable type is unsigned and for negative * dividends if the divisor variable type is unsigned. */ #define DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(x, divisor)( \ { \ typeof(x) __x = x; \ typeof(divisor) __d = divisor; \ (((typeof(x))-1) > 0 || \ ((typeof(divisor))-1) > 0 || \ (((__x) > 0) == ((__d) > 0))) ? \ (((__x) + ((__d) / 2)) / (__d)) : \ (((__x) - ((__d) / 2)) / (__d)); \ } \ ) /* * Same as above but for u64 dividends. divisor must be a 32-bit * number. */ #define DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(x, divisor)( \ { \ typeof(divisor) __d = divisor; \ unsigned long long _tmp = (x) + (__d) / 2; \ do_div(_tmp, __d); \ _tmp; \ } \ ) /* * Multiplies an integer by a fraction, while avoiding unnecessary * overflow or loss of precision. */ #define mult_frac(x, numer, denom)( \ { \ typeof(x) quot = (x) / (denom); \ typeof(x) rem = (x) % (denom); \ (quot * (numer)) + ((rem * (numer)) / (denom)); \ } \ ) #define _RET_IP_ (unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0) #define _THIS_IP_ ({ __label__ __here; __here: (unsigned long)&&__here; }) #define sector_div(a, b) do_div(a, b) /** * upper_32_bits - return bits 32-63 of a number * @n: the number we're accessing * * A basic shift-right of a 64- or 32-bit quantity. Use this to suppress * the "right shift count >= width of type" warning when that quantity is * 32-bits. */ #define upper_32_bits(n) ((u32)(((n) >> 16) >> 16)) /** * lower_32_bits - return bits 0-31 of a number * @n: the number we're accessing */ #define lower_32_bits(n) ((u32)((n) & 0xffffffff)) struct completion; struct pt_regs; struct user; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY extern int _cond_resched(void); # define might_resched() _cond_resched() #else # define might_resched() do { } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP extern void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset); extern void __might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset); extern void __cant_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset); /** * might_sleep - annotation for functions that can sleep * * this macro will print a stack trace if it is executed in an atomic * context (spinlock, irq-handler, ...). Additional sections where blocking is * not allowed can be annotated with non_block_start() and non_block_end() * pairs. * * This is a useful debugging help to be able to catch problems early and not * be bitten later when the calling function happens to sleep when it is not * supposed to. */ # define might_sleep() \ do { __might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); might_resched(); } while (0) /** * cant_sleep - annotation for functions that cannot sleep * * this macro will print a stack trace if it is executed with preemption enabled */ # define cant_sleep() \ do { __cant_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); } while (0) # define sched_annotate_sleep() (current->task_state_change = 0) /** * non_block_start - annotate the start of section where sleeping is prohibited * * This is on behalf of the oom reaper, specifically when it is calling the mmu * notifiers. The problem is that if the notifier were to block on, for example, * mutex_lock() and if the process which holds that mutex were to perform a * sleeping memory allocation, the oom reaper is now blocked on completion of * that memory allocation. Other blocking calls like wait_event() pose similar * issues. */ # define non_block_start() (current->non_block_count++) /** * non_block_end - annotate the end of section where sleeping is prohibited * * Closes a section opened by non_block_start(). */ # define non_block_end() WARN_ON(current->non_block_count-- == 0) #else static inline void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset) { } static inline void __might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset) { } # define might_sleep() do { might_resched(); } while (0) # define cant_sleep() do { } while (0) # define sched_annotate_sleep() do { } while (0) # define non_block_start() do { } while (0) # define non_block_end() do { } while (0) #endif #define might_sleep_if(cond) do { if (cond) might_sleep(); } while (0) #ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT # define cant_migrate() cant_sleep() #else /* Placeholder for now */ # define cant_migrate() do { } while (0) #endif /** * abs - return absolute value of an argument * @x: the value. If it is unsigned type, it is converted to signed type first. * char is treated as if it was signed (regardless of whether it really is) * but the macro's return type is preserved as char. * * Return: an absolute value of x. */ #define abs(x) __abs_choose_expr(x, long long, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, long, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, int, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, short, \ __abs_choose_expr(x, char, \ __builtin_choose_expr( \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(x), char), \ (char)({ signed char __x = (x); __x<0?-__x:__x; }), \ ((void)0))))))) #define __abs_choose_expr(x, type, other) __builtin_choose_expr( \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(x), signed type) || \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(x), unsigned type), \ ({ signed type __x = (x); __x < 0 ? -__x : __x; }), other) /** * reciprocal_scale - "scale" a value into range [0, ep_ro) * @val: value * @ep_ro: right open interval endpoint * * Perform a "reciprocal multiplication" in order to "scale" a value into * range [0, @ep_ro), where the upper interval endpoint is right-open. * This is useful, e.g. for accessing a index of an array containing * @ep_ro elements, for example. Think of it as sort of modulus, only that * the result isn't that of modulo. ;) Note that if initial input is a * small value, then result will return 0. * * Return: a result based on @val in interval [0, @ep_ro). */ static inline u32 reciprocal_scale(u32 val, u32 ep_ro) { return (u32)(((u64) val * ep_ro) >> 32); } #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) && \ (defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP)) #define might_fault() __might_fault(__FILE__, __LINE__) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line); #else static inline void might_fault(void) { } #endif extern struct atomic_notifier_head panic_notifier_list; extern long (*panic_blink)(int state); __printf(1, 2) void panic(const char *fmt, ...) __noreturn __cold; void nmi_panic(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *msg); extern void oops_enter(void); extern void oops_exit(void); extern bool oops_may_print(void); void do_exit(long error_code) __noreturn; void complete_and_exit(struct completion *, long) __noreturn; /* Internal, do not use. */ int __must_check _kstrtoul(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned long *res); int __must_check _kstrtol(const char *s, unsigned int base, long *res); int __must_check kstrtoull(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned long long *res); int __must_check kstrtoll(const char *s, unsigned int base, long long *res); /** * kstrtoul - convert a string to an unsigned long * @s: The start of the string. The string must be null-terminated, and may also * include a single newline before its terminating null. The first character * may also be a plus sign, but not a minus sign. * @base: The number base to use. The maximum supported base is 16. If base is * given as 0, then the base of the string is automatically detected with the * conventional semantics - If it begins with 0x the number will be parsed as a * hexadecimal (case insensitive), if it otherwise begins with 0, it will be * parsed as an octal number. Otherwise it will be parsed as a decimal. * @res: Where to write the result of the conversion on success. * * Returns 0 on success, -ERANGE on overflow and -EINVAL on parsing error. * Preferred over simple_strtoul(). Return code must be checked. */ static inline int __must_check kstrtoul(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned long *res) { /* * We want to shortcut function call, but * __builtin_types_compatible_p(unsigned long, unsigned long long) = 0. */ if (sizeof(unsigned long) == sizeof(unsigned long long) && __alignof__(unsigned long) == __alignof__(unsigned long long)) return kstrtoull(s, base, (unsigned long long *)res); else return _kstrtoul(s, base, res); } /** * kstrtol - convert a string to a long * @s: The start of the string. The string must be null-terminated, and may also * include a single newline before its terminating null. The first character * may also be a plus sign or a minus sign. * @base: The number base to use. The maximum supported base is 16. If base is * given as 0, then the base of the string is automatically detected with the * conventional semantics - If it begins with 0x the number will be parsed as a * hexadecimal (case insensitive), if it otherwise begins with 0, it will be * parsed as an octal number. Otherwise it will be parsed as a decimal. * @res: Where to write the result of the conversion on success. * * Returns 0 on success, -ERANGE on overflow and -EINVAL on parsing error. * Preferred over simple_strtol(). Return code must be checked. */ static inline int __must_check kstrtol(const char *s, unsigned int base, long *res) { /* * We want to shortcut function call, but * __builtin_types_compatible_p(long, long long) = 0. */ if (sizeof(long) == sizeof(long long) && __alignof__(long) == __alignof__(long long)) return kstrtoll(s, base, (long long *)res); else return _kstrtol(s, base, res); } int __must_check kstrtouint(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned int *res); int __must_check kstrtoint(const char *s, unsigned int base, int *res); static inline int __must_check kstrtou64(const char *s, unsigned int base, u64 *res) { return kstrtoull(s, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos64(const char *s, unsigned int base, s64 *res) { return kstrtoll(s, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtou32(const char *s, unsigned int base, u32 *res) { return kstrtouint(s, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos32(const char *s, unsigned int base, s32 *res) { return kstrtoint(s, base, res); } int __must_check kstrtou16(const char *s, unsigned int base, u16 *res); int __must_check kstrtos16(const char *s, unsigned int base, s16 *res); int __must_check kstrtou8(const char *s, unsigned int base, u8 *res); int __must_check kstrtos8(const char *s, unsigned int base, s8 *res); int __must_check kstrtobool(const char *s, bool *res); int __must_check kstrtoull_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, unsigned long long *res); int __must_check kstrtoll_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, long long *res); int __must_check kstrtoul_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, unsigned long *res); int __must_check kstrtol_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, long *res); int __must_check kstrtouint_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, unsigned int *res); int __must_check kstrtoint_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, int *res); int __must_check kstrtou16_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u16 *res); int __must_check kstrtos16_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s16 *res); int __must_check kstrtou8_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u8 *res); int __must_check kstrtos8_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s8 *res); int __must_check kstrtobool_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, bool *res); static inline int __must_check kstrtou64_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u64 *res) { return kstrtoull_from_user(s, count, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos64_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s64 *res) { return kstrtoll_from_user(s, count, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtou32_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, u32 *res) { return kstrtouint_from_user(s, count, base, res); } static inline int __must_check kstrtos32_from_user(const char __user *s, size_t count, unsigned int base, s32 *res) { return kstrtoint_from_user(s, count, base, res); } /* * Use kstrto<foo> instead. * * NOTE: simple_strto<foo> does not check for the range overflow and, * depending on the input, may give interesting results. * * Use these functions if and only if you cannot use kstrto<foo>, because * the conversion ends on the first non-digit character, which may be far * beyond the supported range. It might be useful to parse the strings like * 10x50 or 12:21 without altering original string or temporary buffer in use. * Keep in mind above caveat. */ extern unsigned long simple_strtoul(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern long simple_strtol(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern unsigned long long simple_strtoull(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern long long simple_strtoll(const char *,char **,unsigned int); extern int num_to_str(char *buf, int size, unsigned long long num, unsigned int width); /* lib/printf utilities */ extern __printf(2, 3) int sprintf(char *buf, const char * fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int vsprintf(char *buf, const char *, va_list); extern __printf(3, 4) int snprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 0) int vsnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __printf(3, 4) int scnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 0) int vscnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __printf(2, 3) __malloc char *kasprintf(gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) __malloc char *kvasprintf(gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __printf(2, 0) const char *kvasprintf_const(gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern __scanf(2, 3) int sscanf(const char *, const char *, ...); extern __scanf(2, 0) int vsscanf(const char *, const char *, va_list); extern int get_option(char **str, int *pint); extern char *get_options(const char *str, int nints, int *ints); extern unsigned long long memparse(const char *ptr, char **retptr); extern bool parse_option_str(const char *str, const char *option); extern char *next_arg(char *args, char **param, char **val); extern int core_kernel_text(unsigned long addr); extern int init_kernel_text(unsigned long addr); extern int core_kernel_data(unsigned long addr); extern int __kernel_text_address(unsigned long addr); extern int kernel_text_address(unsigned long addr); extern int func_ptr_is_kernel_text(void *ptr); u64 int_pow(u64 base, unsigned int exp); unsigned long int_sqrt(unsigned long); #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 u32 int_sqrt64(u64 x); #else static inline u32 int_sqrt64(u64 x) { return (u32)int_sqrt(x); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern unsigned int sysctl_oops_all_cpu_backtrace; #else #define sysctl_oops_all_cpu_backtrace 0 #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern void bust_spinlocks(int yes); extern int panic_timeout; extern unsigned long panic_print; extern int panic_on_oops; extern int panic_on_unrecovered_nmi; extern int panic_on_io_nmi; extern int panic_on_warn; extern unsigned long panic_on_taint; extern bool panic_on_taint_nousertaint; extern int sysctl_panic_on_rcu_stall; extern int sysctl_panic_on_stackoverflow; extern bool crash_kexec_post_notifiers; /* * panic_cpu is used for synchronizing panic() and crash_kexec() execution. It * holds a CPU number which is executing panic() currently. A value of * PANIC_CPU_INVALID means no CPU has entered panic() or crash_kexec(). */ extern atomic_t panic_cpu; #define PANIC_CPU_INVALID -1 /* * Only to be used by arch init code. If the user over-wrote the default * CONFIG_PANIC_TIMEOUT, honor it. */ static inline void set_arch_panic_timeout(int timeout, int arch_default_timeout) { if (panic_timeout == arch_default_timeout) panic_timeout = timeout; } extern const char *print_tainted(void); enum lockdep_ok { LOCKDEP_STILL_OK, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE }; extern void add_taint(unsigned flag, enum lockdep_ok); extern int test_taint(unsigned flag); extern unsigned long get_taint(void); extern int root_mountflags; extern bool early_boot_irqs_disabled; /* * Values used for system_state. Ordering of the states must not be changed * as code checks for <, <=, >, >= STATE. */ extern enum system_states { SYSTEM_BOOTING, SYSTEM_SCHEDULING, SYSTEM_RUNNING, SYSTEM_HALT, SYSTEM_POWER_OFF, SYSTEM_RESTART, SYSTEM_SUSPEND, } system_state; /* This cannot be an enum because some may be used in assembly source. */ #define TAINT_PROPRIETARY_MODULE 0 #define TAINT_FORCED_MODULE 1 #define TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC 2 #define TAINT_FORCED_RMMOD 3 #define TAINT_MACHINE_CHECK 4 #define TAINT_BAD_PAGE 5 #define TAINT_USER 6 #define TAINT_DIE 7 #define TAINT_OVERRIDDEN_ACPI_TABLE 8 #define TAINT_WARN 9 #define TAINT_CRAP 10 #define TAINT_FIRMWARE_WORKAROUND 11 #define TAINT_OOT_MODULE 12 #define TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE 13 #define TAINT_SOFTLOCKUP 14 #define TAINT_LIVEPATCH 15 #define TAINT_AUX 16 #define TAINT_RANDSTRUCT 17 #define TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT 18 #define TAINT_FLAGS_MAX ((1UL << TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT) - 1) struct taint_flag { char c_true; /* character printed when tainted */ char c_false; /* character printed when not tainted */ bool module; /* also show as a per-module taint flag */ }; extern const struct taint_flag taint_flags[TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT]; extern const char hex_asc[]; #define hex_asc_lo(x) hex_asc[((x) & 0x0f)] #define hex_asc_hi(x) hex_asc[((x) & 0xf0) >> 4] static inline char *hex_byte_pack(char *buf, u8 byte) { *buf++ = hex_asc_hi(byte); *buf++ = hex_asc_lo(byte); return buf; } extern const char hex_asc_upper[]; #define hex_asc_upper_lo(x) hex_asc_upper[((x) & 0x0f)] #define hex_asc_upper_hi(x) hex_asc_upper[((x) & 0xf0) >> 4] static inline char *hex_byte_pack_upper(char *buf, u8 byte) { *buf++ = hex_asc_upper_hi(byte); *buf++ = hex_asc_upper_lo(byte); return buf; } extern int hex_to_bin(char ch); extern int __must_check hex2bin(u8 *dst, const char *src, size_t count); extern char *bin2hex(char *dst, const void *src, size_t count); bool mac_pton(const char *s, u8 *mac); /* * General tracing related utility functions - trace_printk(), * tracing_on/tracing_off and tracing_start()/tracing_stop * * Use tracing_on/tracing_off when you want to quickly turn on or off * tracing. It simply enables or disables the recording of the trace events. * This also corresponds to the user space /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_on * file, which gives a means for the kernel and userspace to interact. * Place a tracing_off() in the kernel where you want tracing to end. * From user space, examine the trace, and then echo 1 > tracing_on * to continue tracing. * * tracing_stop/tracing_start has slightly more overhead. It is used * by things like suspend to ram where disabling the recording of the * trace is not enough, but tracing must actually stop because things * like calling smp_processor_id() may crash the system. * * Most likely, you want to use tracing_on/tracing_off. */ enum ftrace_dump_mode { DUMP_NONE, DUMP_ALL, DUMP_ORIG, }; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING void tracing_on(void); void tracing_off(void); int tracing_is_on(void); void tracing_snapshot(void); void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void); extern void tracing_start(void); extern void tracing_stop(void); static inline __printf(1, 2) void ____trace_printk_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { } #define __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (0) \ ____trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \ } while (0) /** * trace_printk - printf formatting in the ftrace buffer * @fmt: the printf format for printing * * Note: __trace_printk is an internal function for trace_printk() and * the @ip is passed in via the trace_printk() macro. * * This function allows a kernel developer to debug fast path sections * that printk is not appropriate for. By scattering in various * printk like tracing in the code, a developer can quickly see * where problems are occurring. * * This is intended as a debugging tool for the developer only. * Please refrain from leaving trace_printks scattered around in * your code. (Extra memory is used for special buffers that are * allocated when trace_printk() is used.) * * A little optimization trick is done here. If there's only one * argument, there's no need to scan the string for printf formats. * The trace_puts() will suffice. But how can we take advantage of * using trace_puts() when trace_printk() has only one argument? * By stringifying the args and checking the size we can tell * whether or not there are args. __stringify((__VA_ARGS__)) will * turn into "()\0" with a size of 3 when there are no args, anything * else will be bigger. All we need to do is define a string to this, * and then take its size and compare to 3. If it's bigger, use * do_trace_printk() otherwise, optimize it to trace_puts(). Then just * let gcc optimize the rest. */ #define trace_printk(fmt, ...) \ do { \ char _______STR[] = __stringify((__VA_ARGS__)); \ if (sizeof(_______STR) > 3) \ do_trace_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ else \ trace_puts(fmt); \ } while (0) #define do_trace_printk(fmt, args...) \ do { \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt __used \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(fmt) ? fmt : NULL; \ \ __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(fmt)) \ __trace_bprintk(_THIS_IP_, trace_printk_fmt, ##args); \ else \ __trace_printk(_THIS_IP_, fmt, ##args); \ } while (0) extern __printf(2, 3) int __trace_bprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 3) int __trace_printk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...); /** * trace_puts - write a string into the ftrace buffer * @str: the string to record * * Note: __trace_bputs is an internal function for trace_puts and * the @ip is passed in via the trace_puts macro. * * This is similar to trace_printk() but is made for those really fast * paths that a developer wants the least amount of "Heisenbug" effects, * where the processing of the print format is still too much. * * This function allows a kernel developer to debug fast path sections * that printk is not appropriate for. By scattering in various * printk like tracing in the code, a developer can quickly see * where problems are occurring. * * This is intended as a debugging tool for the developer only. * Please refrain from leaving trace_puts scattered around in * your code. (Extra memory is used for special buffers that are * allocated when trace_puts() is used.) * * Returns: 0 if nothing was written, positive # if string was. * (1 when __trace_bputs is used, strlen(str) when __trace_puts is used) */ #define trace_puts(str) ({ \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt __used \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(str) ? str : NULL; \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(str)) \ __trace_bputs(_THIS_IP_, trace_printk_fmt); \ else \ __trace_puts(_THIS_IP_, str, strlen(str)); \ }) extern int __trace_bputs(unsigned long ip, const char *str); extern int __trace_puts(unsigned long ip, const char *str, int size); extern void trace_dump_stack(int skip); /* * The double __builtin_constant_p is because gcc will give us an error * if we try to allocate the static variable to fmt if it is not a * constant. Even with the outer if statement. */ #define ftrace_vprintk(fmt, vargs) \ do { \ if (__builtin_constant_p(fmt)) { \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt __used \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(fmt) ? fmt : NULL; \ \ __ftrace_vbprintk(_THIS_IP_, trace_printk_fmt, vargs); \ } else \ __ftrace_vprintk(_THIS_IP_, fmt, vargs); \ } while (0) extern __printf(2, 0) int __ftrace_vbprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list ap); extern __printf(2, 0) int __ftrace_vprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list ap); extern void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode); #else static inline void tracing_start(void) { } static inline void tracing_stop(void) { } static inline void trace_dump_stack(int skip) { } static inline void tracing_on(void) { } static inline void tracing_off(void) { } static inline int tracing_is_on(void) { return 0; } static inline void tracing_snapshot(void) { } static inline void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) int trace_printk(const char *fmt, ...) { return 0; } static __printf(1, 0) inline int ftrace_vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list ap) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ /* This counts to 12. Any more, it will return 13th argument. */ #define __COUNT_ARGS(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _n, X...) _n #define COUNT_ARGS(X...) __COUNT_ARGS(, ##X, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0) #define __CONCAT(a, b) a ## b #define CONCATENATE(a, b) __CONCAT(a, b) /** * container_of - cast a member of a structure out to the containing structure * @ptr: the pointer to the member. * @type: the type of the container struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the member within the struct. * */ #define container_of(ptr, type, member) ({ \ void *__mptr = (void *)(ptr); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__same_type(*(ptr), ((type *)0)->member) && \ !__same_type(*(ptr), void), \ "pointer type mismatch in container_of()"); \ ((type *)(__mptr - offsetof(type, member))); }) /** * container_of_safe - cast a member of a structure out to the containing structure * @ptr: the pointer to the member. * @type: the type of the container struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the member within the struct. * * If IS_ERR_OR_NULL(ptr), ptr is returned unchanged. */ #define container_of_safe(ptr, type, member) ({ \ void *__mptr = (void *)(ptr); \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__same_type(*(ptr), ((type *)0)->member) && \ !__same_type(*(ptr), void), \ "pointer type mismatch in container_of()"); \ IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__mptr) ? ERR_CAST(__mptr) : \ ((type *)(__mptr - offsetof(type, member))); }) /* Rebuild everything on CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD */ #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD # define REBUILD_DUE_TO_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD #endif /* Permissions on a sysfs file: you didn't miss the 0 prefix did you? */ #define VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(perms) \ (BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((perms) < 0) + \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((perms) > 0777) + \ /* USER_READABLE >= GROUP_READABLE >= OTHER_READABLE */ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((((perms) >> 6) & 4) < (((perms) >> 3) & 4)) + \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((((perms) >> 3) & 4) < ((perms) & 4)) + \ /* USER_WRITABLE >= GROUP_WRITABLE */ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((((perms) >> 6) & 2) < (((perms) >> 3) & 2)) + \ /* OTHER_WRITABLE? Generally considered a bad idea. */ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO((perms) & 2) + \ (perms)) #endif
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1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Framework and drivers for configuring and reading different PHYs * Based on code in sungem_phy.c and (long-removed) gianfar_phy.c * * Author: Andy Fleming * * Copyright (c) 2004 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. */ #ifndef __PHY_H #define __PHY_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/ethtool.h> #include <linux/linkmode.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/mdio.h> #include <linux/mii.h> #include <linux/mii_timestamper.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include <linux/irqreturn.h> #include <linux/iopoll.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #define PHY_DEFAULT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_Autoneg | \ SUPPORTED_TP | \ SUPPORTED_MII) #define PHY_10BT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_10baseT_Half | \ SUPPORTED_10baseT_Full) #define PHY_100BT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_100baseT_Half | \ SUPPORTED_100baseT_Full) #define PHY_1000BT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Half | \ SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Full) extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_basic_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_basic_t1_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_gbit_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_gbit_fibre_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_gbit_all_ports_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_10gbit_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_10gbit_fec_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_10gbit_full_features) __ro_after_init; #define PHY_BASIC_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_basic_features) #define PHY_BASIC_T1_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_basic_t1_features) #define PHY_GBIT_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_gbit_features) #define PHY_GBIT_FIBRE_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_gbit_fibre_features) #define PHY_GBIT_ALL_PORTS_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_gbit_all_ports_features) #define PHY_10GBIT_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_10gbit_features) #define PHY_10GBIT_FEC_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_10gbit_fec_features) #define PHY_10GBIT_FULL_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_10gbit_full_features) extern const int phy_basic_ports_array[3]; extern const int phy_fibre_port_array[1]; extern const int phy_all_ports_features_array[7]; extern const int phy_10_100_features_array[4]; extern const int phy_basic_t1_features_array[2]; extern const int phy_gbit_features_array[2]; extern const int phy_10gbit_features_array[1]; /* * Set phydev->irq to PHY_POLL if interrupts are not supported, * or not desired for this PHY. Set to PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT if * the attached driver handles the interrupt */ #define PHY_POLL -1 #define PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT -2 #define PHY_IS_INTERNAL 0x00000001 #define PHY_RST_AFTER_CLK_EN 0x00000002 #define PHY_POLL_CABLE_TEST 0x00000004 #define MDIO_DEVICE_IS_PHY 0x80000000 /** * enum phy_interface_t - Interface Mode definitions * * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_NA: Not Applicable - don't touch * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_INTERNAL: No interface, MAC and PHY combined * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MII: Median-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_GMII: Gigabit median-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SGMII: Serial gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TBI: Ten Bit Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_REVMII: Reverse Media Independent Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RMII: Reduced Media Independent Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII: Reduced gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_ID: RGMII with Internal RX+TX delay * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_RXID: RGMII with Internal RX delay * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID: RGMII with Internal RX delay * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RTBI: Reduced TBI * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SMII: ??? MII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XGMII: 10 gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XLGMII:40 gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MOCA: Multimedia over Coax * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII: Quad SGMII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TRGMII: Turbo RGMII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX: 1000 BaseX * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX: 2500 BaseX * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RXAUI: Reduced XAUI * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XAUI: 10 Gigabit Attachment Unit Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GBASER: 10G BaseR * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII: Universal Serial 10GE MII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR: 10GBASE-KR - with Clause 73 AN * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MAX: Book keeping * * Describes the interface between the MAC and PHY. */ typedef enum { PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_NA, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_INTERNAL, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_GMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TBI, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_REVMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_ID, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_RXID, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RTBI, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XLGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MOCA, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TRGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RXAUI, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XAUI, /* 10GBASE-R, XFI, SFI - single lane 10G Serdes */ PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GBASER, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII, /* 10GBASE-KR - with Clause 73 AN */ PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MAX, } phy_interface_t; /* * phy_supported_speeds - return all speeds currently supported by a PHY device */ unsigned int phy_supported_speeds(struct phy_device *phy, unsigned int *speeds, unsigned int size); /** * phy_modes - map phy_interface_t enum to device tree binding of phy-mode * @interface: enum phy_interface_t value * * Description: maps enum &phy_interface_t defined in this file * into the device tree binding of 'phy-mode', so that Ethernet * device driver can get PHY interface from device tree. */ static inline const char *phy_modes(phy_interface_t interface) { switch (interface) { case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_NA: return ""; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_INTERNAL: return "internal"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MII: return "mii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_GMII: return "gmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SGMII: return "sgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TBI: return "tbi"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_REVMII: return "rev-mii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RMII: return "rmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII: return "rgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_ID: return "rgmii-id"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_RXID: return "rgmii-rxid"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID: return "rgmii-txid"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RTBI: return "rtbi"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SMII: return "smii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XGMII: return "xgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XLGMII: return "xlgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MOCA: return "moca"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII: return "qsgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TRGMII: return "trgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX: return "1000base-x"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX: return "2500base-x"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RXAUI: return "rxaui"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XAUI: return "xaui"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GBASER: return "10gbase-r"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII: return "usxgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR: return "10gbase-kr"; default: return "unknown"; } } #define PHY_INIT_TIMEOUT 100000 #define PHY_FORCE_TIMEOUT 10 #define PHY_MAX_ADDR 32 /* Used when trying to connect to a specific phy (mii bus id:phy device id) */ #define PHY_ID_FMT "%s:%02x" #define MII_BUS_ID_SIZE 61 struct device; struct phylink; struct sfp_bus; struct sfp_upstream_ops; struct sk_buff; /** * struct mdio_bus_stats - Statistics counters for MDIO busses * @transfers: Total number of transfers, i.e. @writes + @reads * @errors: Number of MDIO transfers that returned an error * @writes: Number of write transfers * @reads: Number of read transfers * @syncp: Synchronisation for incrementing statistics */ struct mdio_bus_stats { u64_stats_t transfers; u64_stats_t errors; u64_stats_t writes; u64_stats_t reads; /* Must be last, add new statistics above */ struct u64_stats_sync syncp; }; /** * struct phy_package_shared - Shared information in PHY packages * @addr: Common PHY address used to combine PHYs in one package * @refcnt: Number of PHYs connected to this shared data * @flags: Initialization of PHY package * @priv_size: Size of the shared private data @priv * @priv: Driver private data shared across a PHY package * * Represents a shared structure between different phydev's in the same * package, for example a quad PHY. See phy_package_join() and * phy_package_leave(). */ struct phy_package_shared { int addr; refcount_t refcnt; unsigned long flags; size_t priv_size; /* private data pointer */ /* note that this pointer is shared between different phydevs and * the user has to take care of appropriate locking. It is allocated * and freed automatically by phy_package_join() and * phy_package_leave(). */ void *priv; }; /* used as bit number in atomic bitops */ #define PHY_SHARED_F_INIT_DONE 0 #define PHY_SHARED_F_PROBE_DONE 1 /** * struct mii_bus - Represents an MDIO bus * * @owner: Who owns this device * @name: User friendly name for this MDIO device, or driver name * @id: Unique identifier for this bus, typical from bus hierarchy * @priv: Driver private data * * The Bus class for PHYs. Devices which provide access to * PHYs should register using this structure */ struct mii_bus { struct module *owner; const char *name; char id[MII_BUS_ID_SIZE]; void *priv; /** @read: Perform a read transfer on the bus */ int (*read)(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr, int regnum); /** @write: Perform a write transfer on the bus */ int (*write)(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr, int regnum, u16 val); /** @reset: Perform a reset of the bus */ int (*reset)(struct mii_bus *bus); /** @stats: Statistic counters per device on the bus */ struct mdio_bus_stats stats[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; /** * @mdio_lock: A lock to ensure that only one thing can read/write * the MDIO bus at a time */ struct mutex mdio_lock; /** @parent: Parent device of this bus */ struct device *parent; /** @state: State of bus structure */ enum { MDIOBUS_ALLOCATED = 1, MDIOBUS_REGISTERED, MDIOBUS_UNREGISTERED, MDIOBUS_RELEASED, } state; /** @dev: Kernel device representation */ struct device dev; /** @mdio_map: list of all MDIO devices on bus */ struct mdio_device *mdio_map[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; /** @phy_mask: PHY addresses to be ignored when probing */ u32 phy_mask; /** @phy_ignore_ta_mask: PHY addresses to ignore the TA/read failure */ u32 phy_ignore_ta_mask; /** * @irq: An array of interrupts, each PHY's interrupt at the index * matching its address */ int irq[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; /** @reset_delay_us: GPIO reset pulse width in microseconds */ int reset_delay_us; /** @reset_post_delay_us: GPIO reset deassert delay in microseconds */ int reset_post_delay_us; /** @reset_gpiod: Reset GPIO descriptor pointer */ struct gpio_desc *reset_gpiod; /** @probe_capabilities: bus capabilities, used for probing */ enum { MDIOBUS_NO_CAP = 0, MDIOBUS_C22, MDIOBUS_C45, MDIOBUS_C22_C45, } probe_capabilities; /** @shared_lock: protect access to the shared element */ struct mutex shared_lock; /** @shared: shared state across different PHYs */ struct phy_package_shared *shared[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; }; #define to_mii_bus(d) container_of(d, struct mii_bus, dev) struct mii_bus *mdiobus_alloc_size(size_t size); /** * mdiobus_alloc - Allocate an MDIO bus structure * * The internal state of the MDIO bus will be set of MDIOBUS_ALLOCATED ready * for the driver to register the bus. */ static inline struct mii_bus *mdiobus_alloc(void) { return mdiobus_alloc_size(0); } int __mdiobus_register(struct mii_bus *bus, struct module *owner); int __devm_mdiobus_register(struct device *dev, struct mii_bus *bus, struct module *owner); #define mdiobus_register(bus) __mdiobus_register(bus, THIS_MODULE) #define devm_mdiobus_register(dev, bus) \ __devm_mdiobus_register(dev, bus, THIS_MODULE) void mdiobus_unregister(struct mii_bus *bus); void mdiobus_free(struct mii_bus *bus); struct mii_bus *devm_mdiobus_alloc_size(struct device *dev, int sizeof_priv); static inline struct mii_bus *devm_mdiobus_alloc(struct device *dev) { return devm_mdiobus_alloc_size(dev, 0); } struct mii_bus *mdio_find_bus(const char *mdio_name); struct phy_device *mdiobus_scan(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr); #define PHY_INTERRUPT_DISABLED false #define PHY_INTERRUPT_ENABLED true /** * enum phy_state - PHY state machine states: * * @PHY_DOWN: PHY device and driver are not ready for anything. probe * should be called if and only if the PHY is in this state, * given that the PHY device exists. * - PHY driver probe function will set the state to @PHY_READY * * @PHY_READY: PHY is ready to send and receive packets, but the * controller is not. By default, PHYs which do not implement * probe will be set to this state by phy_probe(). * - start will set the state to UP * * @PHY_UP: The PHY and attached device are ready to do work. * Interrupts should be started here. * - timer moves to @PHY_NOLINK or @PHY_RUNNING * * @PHY_NOLINK: PHY is up, but not currently plugged in. * - irq or timer will set @PHY_RUNNING if link comes back * - phy_stop moves to @PHY_HALTED * * @PHY_RUNNING: PHY is currently up, running, and possibly sending * and/or receiving packets * - irq or timer will set @PHY_NOLINK if link goes down * - phy_stop moves to @PHY_HALTED * * @PHY_CABLETEST: PHY is performing a cable test. Packet reception/sending * is not expected to work, carrier will be indicated as down. PHY will be * poll once per second, or on interrupt for it current state. * Once complete, move to UP to restart the PHY. * - phy_stop aborts the running test and moves to @PHY_HALTED * * @PHY_HALTED: PHY is up, but no polling or interrupts are done. Or * PHY is in an error state. * - phy_start moves to @PHY_UP */ enum phy_state { PHY_DOWN = 0, PHY_READY, PHY_HALTED, PHY_UP, PHY_RUNNING, PHY_NOLINK, PHY_CABLETEST, }; #define MDIO_MMD_NUM 32 /** * struct phy_c45_device_ids - 802.3-c45 Device Identifiers * @devices_in_package: IEEE 802.3 devices in package register value. * @mmds_present: bit vector of MMDs present. * @device_ids: The device identifer for each present device. */ struct phy_c45_device_ids { u32 devices_in_package; u32 mmds_present; u32 device_ids[MDIO_MMD_NUM]; }; struct macsec_context; struct macsec_ops; /** * struct phy_device - An instance of a PHY * * @mdio: MDIO bus this PHY is on * @drv: Pointer to the driver for this PHY instance * @phy_id: UID for this device found during discovery * @c45_ids: 802.3-c45 Device Identifiers if is_c45. * @is_c45: Set to true if this PHY uses clause 45 addressing. * @is_internal: Set to true if this PHY is internal to a MAC. * @is_pseudo_fixed_link: Set to true if this PHY is an Ethernet switch, etc. * @is_gigabit_capable: Set to true if PHY supports 1000Mbps * @has_fixups: Set to true if this PHY has fixups/quirks. * @suspended: Set to true if this PHY has been suspended successfully. * @suspended_by_mdio_bus: Set to true if this PHY was suspended by MDIO bus. * @sysfs_links: Internal boolean tracking sysfs symbolic links setup/removal. * @loopback_enabled: Set true if this PHY has been loopbacked successfully. * @downshifted_rate: Set true if link speed has been downshifted. * @state: State of the PHY for management purposes * @dev_flags: Device-specific flags used by the PHY driver. * @irq: IRQ number of the PHY's interrupt (-1 if none) * @phy_timer: The timer for handling the state machine * @phylink: Pointer to phylink instance for this PHY * @sfp_bus_attached: Flag indicating whether the SFP bus has been attached * @sfp_bus: SFP bus attached to this PHY's fiber port * @attached_dev: The attached enet driver's device instance ptr * @adjust_link: Callback for the enet controller to respond to changes: in the * link state. * @phy_link_change: Callback for phylink for notification of link change * @macsec_ops: MACsec offloading ops. * * @speed: Current link speed * @duplex: Current duplex * @port: Current port * @pause: Current pause * @asym_pause: Current asymmetric pause * @supported: Combined MAC/PHY supported linkmodes * @advertising: Currently advertised linkmodes * @adv_old: Saved advertised while power saving for WoL * @lp_advertising: Current link partner advertised linkmodes * @eee_broken_modes: Energy efficient ethernet modes which should be prohibited * @autoneg: Flag autoneg being used * @link: Current link state * @autoneg_complete: Flag auto negotiation of the link has completed * @mdix: Current crossover * @mdix_ctrl: User setting of crossover * @interrupts: Flag interrupts have been enabled * @interface: enum phy_interface_t value * @skb: Netlink message for cable diagnostics * @nest: Netlink nest used for cable diagnostics * @ehdr: nNtlink header for cable diagnostics * @phy_led_triggers: Array of LED triggers * @phy_num_led_triggers: Number of triggers in @phy_led_triggers * @led_link_trigger: LED trigger for link up/down * @last_triggered: last LED trigger for link speed * @master_slave_set: User requested master/slave configuration * @master_slave_get: Current master/slave advertisement * @master_slave_state: Current master/slave configuration * @mii_ts: Pointer to time stamper callbacks * @lock: Mutex for serialization access to PHY * @state_queue: Work queue for state machine * @shared: Pointer to private data shared by phys in one package * @priv: Pointer to driver private data * * interrupts currently only supports enabled or disabled, * but could be changed in the future to support enabling * and disabling specific interrupts * * Contains some infrastructure for polling and interrupt * handling, as well as handling shifts in PHY hardware state */ struct phy_device { struct mdio_device mdio; /* Information about the PHY type */ /* And management functions */ struct phy_driver *drv; u32 phy_id; struct phy_c45_device_ids c45_ids; unsigned is_c45:1; unsigned is_internal:1; unsigned is_pseudo_fixed_link:1; unsigned is_gigabit_capable:1; unsigned has_fixups:1; unsigned suspended:1; unsigned suspended_by_mdio_bus:1; unsigned sysfs_links:1; unsigned loopback_enabled:1; unsigned downshifted_rate:1; unsigned autoneg:1; /* The most recently read link state */ unsigned link:1; unsigned autoneg_complete:1; /* Interrupts are enabled */ unsigned interrupts:1; enum phy_state state; u32 dev_flags; phy_interface_t interface; /* * forced speed & duplex (no autoneg) * partner speed & duplex & pause (autoneg) */ int speed; int duplex; int port; int pause; int asym_pause; u8 master_slave_get; u8 master_slave_set; u8 master_slave_state; /* Union of PHY and Attached devices' supported link modes */ /* See ethtool.h for more info */ __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(supported); __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(advertising); __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(lp_advertising); /* used with phy_speed_down */ __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(adv_old); /* Energy efficient ethernet modes which should be prohibited */ u32 eee_broken_modes; #ifdef CONFIG_LED_TRIGGER_PHY struct phy_led_trigger *phy_led_triggers; unsigned int phy_num_led_triggers; struct phy_led_trigger *last_triggered; struct phy_led_trigger *led_link_trigger; #endif /* * Interrupt number for this PHY * -1 means no interrupt */ int irq; /* private data pointer */ /* For use by PHYs to maintain extra state */ void *priv; /* shared data pointer */ /* For use by PHYs inside the same package that need a shared state. */ struct phy_package_shared *shared; /* Reporting cable test results */ struct sk_buff *skb; void *ehdr; struct nlattr *nest; /* Interrupt and Polling infrastructure */ struct delayed_work state_queue; struct mutex lock; /* This may be modified under the rtnl lock */ bool sfp_bus_attached; struct sfp_bus *sfp_bus; struct phylink *phylink; struct net_device *attached_dev; struct mii_timestamper *mii_ts; u8 mdix; u8 mdix_ctrl; void (*phy_link_change)(struct phy_device *phydev, bool up); void (*adjust_link)(struct net_device *dev); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MACSEC) /* MACsec management functions */ const struct macsec_ops *macsec_ops; #endif }; #define to_phy_device(d) container_of(to_mdio_device(d), \ struct phy_device, mdio) /** * struct phy_tdr_config - Configuration of a TDR raw test * * @first: Distance for first data collection point * @last: Distance for last data collection point * @step: Step between data collection points * @pair: Bitmap of cable pairs to collect data for * * A structure containing possible configuration parameters * for a TDR cable test. The driver does not need to implement * all the parameters, but should report what is actually used. * All distances are in centimeters. */ struct phy_tdr_config { u32 first; u32 last; u32 step; s8 pair; }; #define PHY_PAIR_ALL -1 /** * struct phy_driver - Driver structure for a particular PHY type * * @mdiodrv: Data common to all MDIO devices * @phy_id: The result of reading the UID registers of this PHY * type, and ANDing them with the phy_id_mask. This driver * only works for PHYs with IDs which match this field * @name: The friendly name of this PHY type * @phy_id_mask: Defines the important bits of the phy_id * @features: A mandatory list of features (speed, duplex, etc) * supported by this PHY * @flags: A bitfield defining certain other features this PHY * supports (like interrupts) * @driver_data: Static driver data * * All functions are optional. If config_aneg or read_status * are not implemented, the phy core uses the genphy versions. * Note that none of these functions should be called from * interrupt time. The goal is for the bus read/write functions * to be able to block when the bus transaction is happening, * and be freed up by an interrupt (The MPC85xx has this ability, * though it is not currently supported in the driver). */ struct phy_driver { struct mdio_driver_common mdiodrv; u32 phy_id; char *name; u32 phy_id_mask; const unsigned long * const features; u32 flags; const void *driver_data; /** * @soft_reset: Called to issue a PHY software reset */ int (*soft_reset)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @config_init: Called to initialize the PHY, * including after a reset */ int (*config_init)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @probe: Called during discovery. Used to set * up device-specific structures, if any */ int (*probe)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @get_features: Probe the hardware to determine what * abilities it has. Should only set phydev->supported. */ int (*get_features)(struct phy_device *phydev); /* PHY Power Management */ /** @suspend: Suspend the hardware, saving state if needed */ int (*suspend)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @resume: Resume the hardware, restoring state if needed */ int (*resume)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @config_aneg: Configures the advertisement and resets * autonegotiation if phydev->autoneg is on, * forces the speed to the current settings in phydev * if phydev->autoneg is off */ int (*config_aneg)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @aneg_done: Determines the auto negotiation result */ int (*aneg_done)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @read_status: Determines the negotiated speed and duplex */ int (*read_status)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @ack_interrupt: Clears any pending interrupts */ int (*ack_interrupt)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @config_intr: Enables or disables interrupts */ int (*config_intr)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @did_interrupt: Checks if the PHY generated an interrupt. * For multi-PHY devices with shared PHY interrupt pin * Set interrupt bits have to be cleared. */ int (*did_interrupt)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @handle_interrupt: Override default interrupt handling */ irqreturn_t (*handle_interrupt)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @remove: Clears up any memory if needed */ void (*remove)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @match_phy_device: Returns true if this is a suitable * driver for the given phydev. If NULL, matching is based on * phy_id and phy_id_mask. */ int (*match_phy_device)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @set_wol: Some devices (e.g. qnap TS-119P II) require PHY * register changes to enable Wake on LAN, so set_wol is * provided to be called in the ethernet driver's set_wol * function. */ int (*set_wol)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_wolinfo *wol); /** * @get_wol: See set_wol, but for checking whether Wake on LAN * is enabled. */ void (*get_wol)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_wolinfo *wol); /** * @link_change_notify: Called to inform a PHY device driver * when the core is about to change the link state. This * callback is supposed to be used as fixup hook for drivers * that need to take action when the link state * changes. Drivers are by no means allowed to mess with the * PHY device structure in their implementations. */ void (*link_change_notify)(struct phy_device *dev); /** * @read_mmd: PHY specific driver override for reading a MMD * register. This function is optional for PHY specific * drivers. When not provided, the default MMD read function * will be used by phy_read_mmd(), which will use either a * direct read for Clause 45 PHYs or an indirect read for * Clause 22 PHYs. devnum is the MMD device number within the * PHY device, regnum is the register within the selected MMD * device. */ int (*read_mmd)(struct phy_device *dev, int devnum, u16 regnum); /** * @write_mmd: PHY specific driver override for writing a MMD * register. This function is optional for PHY specific * drivers. When not provided, the default MMD write function * will be used by phy_write_mmd(), which will use either a * direct write for Clause 45 PHYs, or an indirect write for * Clause 22 PHYs. devnum is the MMD device number within the * PHY device, regnum is the register within the selected MMD * device. val is the value to be written. */ int (*write_mmd)(struct phy_device *dev, int devnum, u16 regnum, u16 val); /** @read_page: Return the current PHY register page number */ int (*read_page)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @write_page: Set the current PHY register page number */ int (*write_page)(struct phy_device *dev, int page); /** * @module_info: Get the size and type of the eeprom contained * within a plug-in module */ int (*module_info)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_modinfo *modinfo); /** * @module_eeprom: Get the eeprom information from the plug-in * module */ int (*module_eeprom)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_eeprom *ee, u8 *data); /** @cable_test_start: Start a cable test */ int (*cable_test_start)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @cable_test_tdr_start: Start a raw TDR cable test */ int (*cable_test_tdr_start)(struct phy_device *dev, const struct phy_tdr_config *config); /** * @cable_test_get_status: Once per second, or on interrupt, * request the status of the test. */ int (*cable_test_get_status)(struct phy_device *dev, bool *finished); /* Get statistics from the PHY using ethtool */ /** @get_sset_count: Number of statistic counters */ int (*get_sset_count)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @get_strings: Names of the statistic counters */ void (*get_strings)(struct phy_device *dev, u8 *data); /** @get_stats: Return the statistic counter values */ void (*get_stats)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_stats *stats, u64 *data); /* Get and Set PHY tunables */ /** @get_tunable: Return the value of a tunable */ int (*get_tunable)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_tunable *tuna, void *data); /** @set_tunable: Set the value of a tunable */ int (*set_tunable)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_tunable *tuna, const void *data); /** @set_loopback: Set the loopback mood of the PHY */ int (*set_loopback)(struct phy_device *dev, bool enable); /** @get_sqi: Get the signal quality indication */ int (*get_sqi)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @get_sqi_max: Get the maximum signal quality indication */ int (*get_sqi_max)(struct phy_device *dev); }; #define to_phy_driver(d) container_of(to_mdio_common_driver(d), \ struct phy_driver, mdiodrv) #define PHY_ANY_ID "MATCH ANY PHY" #define PHY_ANY_UID 0xffffffff #define PHY_ID_MATCH_EXACT(id) .phy_id = (id), .phy_id_mask = GENMASK(31, 0) #define PHY_ID_MATCH_MODEL(id) .phy_id = (id), .phy_id_mask = GENMASK(31, 4) #define PHY_ID_MATCH_VENDOR(id) .phy_id = (id), .phy_id_mask = GENMASK(31, 10) /* A Structure for boards to register fixups with the PHY Lib */ struct phy_fixup { struct list_head list; char bus_id[MII_BUS_ID_SIZE + 3]; u32 phy_uid; u32 phy_uid_mask; int (*run)(struct phy_device *phydev); }; const char *phy_speed_to_str(int speed); const char *phy_duplex_to_str(unsigned int duplex); /* A structure for mapping a particular speed and duplex * combination to a particular SUPPORTED and ADVERTISED value */ struct phy_setting { u32 speed; u8 duplex; u8 bit; }; const struct phy_setting * phy_lookup_setting(int speed, int duplex, const unsigned long *mask, bool exact); size_t phy_speeds(unsigned int *speeds, size_t size, unsigned long *mask); void of_set_phy_supported(struct phy_device *phydev); void of_set_phy_eee_broken(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_speed_down_core(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * phy_is_started - Convenience function to check whether PHY is started * @phydev: The phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_is_started(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev->state >= PHY_UP; } void phy_resolve_aneg_pause(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_resolve_aneg_linkmode(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_check_downshift(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * phy_read - Convenience function for reading a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to read * * NOTE: MUST NOT be called from interrupt context, * because the bus read/write functions may wait for an interrupt * to conclude the operation. */ static inline int phy_read(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum) { return mdiobus_read(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum); } #define phy_read_poll_timeout(phydev, regnum, val, cond, sleep_us, \ timeout_us, sleep_before_read) \ ({ \ int __ret = read_poll_timeout(phy_read, val, (cond) || val < 0, \ sleep_us, timeout_us, sleep_before_read, phydev, regnum); \ if (val < 0) \ __ret = val; \ if (__ret) \ phydev_err(phydev, "%s failed: %d\n", __func__, __ret); \ __ret; \ }) /** * __phy_read - convenience function for reading a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to read * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_read(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum) { return __mdiobus_read(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum); } /** * phy_write - Convenience function for writing a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: value to write to @regnum * * NOTE: MUST NOT be called from interrupt context, * because the bus read/write functions may wait for an interrupt * to conclude the operation. */ static inline int phy_write(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return mdiobus_write(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum, val); } /** * __phy_write - Convenience function for writing a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: value to write to @regnum * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_write(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __mdiobus_write(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum, val); } /** * __phy_modify_changed() - Convenience function for modifying a PHY register * @phydev: a pointer to a &struct phy_device * @regnum: register number * @mask: bit mask of bits to clear * @set: bit mask of bits to set * * Unlocked helper function which allows a PHY register to be modified as * new register value = (old register value & ~mask) | set * * Returns negative errno, 0 if there was no change, and 1 in case of change */ static inline int __phy_modify_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set) { return __mdiobus_modify_changed(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum, mask, set); } /* * phy_read_mmd - Convenience function for reading a register * from an MMD on a given PHY. */ int phy_read_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum); /** * phy_read_mmd_poll_timeout - Periodically poll a PHY register until a * condition is met or a timeout occurs * * @phydev: The phy_device struct * @devaddr: The MMD to read from * @regnum: The register on the MMD to read * @val: Variable to read the register into * @cond: Break condition (usually involving @val) * @sleep_us: Maximum time to sleep between reads in us (0 * tight-loops). Should be less than ~20ms since usleep_range * is used (see Documentation/timers/timers-howto.rst). * @timeout_us: Timeout in us, 0 means never timeout * @sleep_before_read: if it is true, sleep @sleep_us before read. * Returns 0 on success and -ETIMEDOUT upon a timeout. In either * case, the last read value at @args is stored in @val. Must not * be called from atomic context if sleep_us or timeout_us are used. */ #define phy_read_mmd_poll_timeout(phydev, devaddr, regnum, val, cond, \ sleep_us, timeout_us, sleep_before_read) \ ({ \ int __ret = read_poll_timeout(phy_read_mmd, val, (cond) || val < 0, \ sleep_us, timeout_us, sleep_before_read, \ phydev, devaddr, regnum); \ if (val < 0) \ __ret = val; \ if (__ret) \ phydev_err(phydev, "%s failed: %d\n", __func__, __ret); \ __ret; \ }) /* * __phy_read_mmd - Convenience function for reading a register * from an MMD on a given PHY. */ int __phy_read_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum); /* * phy_write_mmd - Convenience function for writing a register * on an MMD on a given PHY. */ int phy_write_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val); /* * __phy_write_mmd - Convenience function for writing a register * on an MMD on a given PHY. */ int __phy_write_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val); int __phy_modify_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int __phy_modify(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int __phy_modify_mmd_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify_mmd_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int __phy_modify_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); /** * __phy_set_bits - Convenience function for setting bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to set * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_set_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify(phydev, regnum, 0, val); } /** * __phy_clear_bits - Convenience function for clearing bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to clear * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_clear_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify(phydev, regnum, val, 0); } /** * phy_set_bits - Convenience function for setting bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to set */ static inline int phy_set_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify(phydev, regnum, 0, val); } /** * phy_clear_bits - Convenience function for clearing bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to clear */ static inline int phy_clear_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify(phydev, regnum, val, 0); } /** * __phy_set_bits_mmd - Convenience function for setting bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to set * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_set_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, 0, val); } /** * __phy_clear_bits_mmd - Convenience function for clearing bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to clear * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_clear_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, val, 0); } /** * phy_set_bits_mmd - Convenience function for setting bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to set */ static inline int phy_set_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, 0, val); } /** * phy_clear_bits_mmd - Convenience function for clearing bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to clear */ static inline int phy_clear_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, val, 0); } /** * phy_interrupt_is_valid - Convenience function for testing a given PHY irq * @phydev: the phy_device struct * * NOTE: must be kept in sync with addition/removal of PHY_POLL and * PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT */ static inline bool phy_interrupt_is_valid(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev->irq != PHY_POLL && phydev->irq != PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT; } /** * phy_polling_mode - Convenience function for testing whether polling is * used to detect PHY status changes * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_polling_mode(struct phy_device *phydev) { if (phydev->state == PHY_CABLETEST) if (phydev->drv->flags & PHY_POLL_CABLE_TEST) return true; return phydev->irq == PHY_POLL; } /** * phy_has_hwtstamp - Tests whether a PHY time stamp configuration. * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_has_hwtstamp(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev && phydev->mii_ts && phydev->mii_ts->hwtstamp; } /** * phy_has_rxtstamp - Tests whether a PHY supports receive time stamping. * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_has_rxtstamp(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev && phydev->mii_ts && phydev->mii_ts->rxtstamp; } /** * phy_has_tsinfo - Tests whether a PHY reports time stamping and/or * PTP hardware clock capabilities. * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_has_tsinfo(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev && phydev->mii_ts && phydev->mii_ts->ts_info; } /** * phy_has_txtstamp - Tests whether a PHY supports transmit time stamping. * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_has_txtstamp(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev && phydev->mii_ts && phydev->mii_ts->txtstamp; } static inline int phy_hwtstamp(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ifreq *ifr) { return phydev->mii_ts->hwtstamp(phydev->mii_ts, ifr); } static inline bool phy_rxtstamp(struct phy_device *phydev, struct sk_buff *skb, int type) { return phydev->mii_ts->rxtstamp(phydev->mii_ts, skb, type); } static inline int phy_ts_info(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_ts_info *tsinfo) { return phydev->mii_ts->ts_info(phydev->mii_ts, tsinfo); } static inline void phy_txtstamp(struct phy_device *phydev, struct sk_buff *skb, int type) { phydev->mii_ts->txtstamp(phydev->mii_ts, skb, type); } /** * phy_is_internal - Convenience function for testing if a PHY is internal * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_is_internal(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev->is_internal; } /** * phy_interface_mode_is_rgmii - Convenience function for testing if a * PHY interface mode is RGMII (all variants) * @mode: the &phy_interface_t enum */ static inline bool phy_interface_mode_is_rgmii(phy_interface_t mode) { return mode >= PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII && mode <= PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID; }; /** * phy_interface_mode_is_8023z() - does the PHY interface mode use 802.3z * negotiation * @mode: one of &enum phy_interface_t * * Returns true if the PHY interface mode uses the 16-bit negotiation * word as defined in 802.3z. (See 802.3-2015 37.2.1 Config_Reg encoding) */ static inline bool phy_interface_mode_is_8023z(phy_interface_t mode) { return mode == PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX || mode == PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX; } /** * phy_interface_is_rgmii - Convenience function for testing if a PHY interface * is RGMII (all variants) * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_interface_is_rgmii(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phy_interface_mode_is_rgmii(phydev->interface); }; /** * phy_is_pseudo_fixed_link - Convenience function for testing if this * PHY is the CPU port facing side of an Ethernet switch, or similar. * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_is_pseudo_fixed_link(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev->is_pseudo_fixed_link; } int phy_save_page(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_select_page(struct phy_device *phydev, int page); int phy_restore_page(struct phy_device *phydev, int oldpage, int ret); int phy_read_paged(struct phy_device *phydev, int page, u32 regnum); int phy_write_paged(struct phy_device *phydev, int page, u32 regnum, u16 val); int phy_modify_paged_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, int page, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify_paged(struct phy_device *phydev, int page, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); struct phy_device *phy_device_create(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr, u32 phy_id, bool is_c45, struct phy_c45_device_ids *c45_ids); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PHYLIB) struct phy_device *get_phy_device(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr, bool is_c45); int phy_device_register(struct phy_device *phy); void phy_device_free(struct phy_device *phydev); #else static inline struct phy_device *get_phy_device(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr, bool is_c45) { return NULL; } static inline int phy_device_register(struct phy_device *phy) { return 0; } static inline void phy_device_free(struct phy_device *phydev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PHYLIB */ void phy_device_remove(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_init_hw(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_suspend(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_resume(struct phy_device *phydev); int __phy_resume(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_loopback(struct phy_device *phydev, bool enable); void phy_sfp_attach(void *upstream, struct sfp_bus *bus); void phy_sfp_detach(void *upstream, struct sfp_bus *bus); int phy_sfp_probe(struct phy_device *phydev, const struct sfp_upstream_ops *ops); struct phy_device *phy_attach(struct net_device *dev, const char *bus_id, phy_interface_t interface); struct phy_device *phy_find_first(struct mii_bus *bus); int phy_attach_direct(struct net_device *dev, struct phy_device *phydev, u32 flags, phy_interface_t interface); int phy_connect_direct(struct net_device *dev, struct phy_device *phydev, void (*handler)(struct net_device *), phy_interface_t interface); struct phy_device *phy_connect(struct net_device *dev, const char *bus_id, void (*handler)(struct net_device *), phy_interface_t interface); void phy_disconnect(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_detach(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_start(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_stop(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_start_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_aneg_done(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_speed_down(struct phy_device *phydev, bool sync); int phy_speed_up(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_restart_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_reset_after_clk_enable(struct phy_device *phydev); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PHYLIB) int phy_start_cable_test(struct phy_device *phydev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int phy_start_cable_test_tdr(struct phy_device *phydev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, const struct phy_tdr_config *config); #else static inline int phy_start_cable_test(struct phy_device *phydev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "Kernel not compiled with PHYLIB support"); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int phy_start_cable_test_tdr(struct phy_device *phydev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, const struct phy_tdr_config *config) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "Kernel not compiled with PHYLIB support"); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif int phy_cable_test_result(struct phy_device *phydev, u8 pair, u16 result); int phy_cable_test_fault_length(struct phy_device *phydev, u8 pair, u16 cm); static inline void phy_device_reset(struct phy_device *phydev, int value) { mdio_device_reset(&phydev->mdio, value); } #define phydev_err(_phydev, format, args...) \ dev_err(&_phydev->mdio.dev, format, ##args) #define phydev_info(_phydev, format, args...) \ dev_info(&_phydev->mdio.dev, format, ##args) #define phydev_warn(_phydev, format, args...) \ dev_warn(&_phydev->mdio.dev, format, ##args) #define phydev_dbg(_phydev, format, args...) \ dev_dbg(&_phydev->mdio.dev, format, ##args) static inline const char *phydev_name(const struct phy_device *phydev) { return dev_name(&phydev->mdio.dev); } static inline void phy_lock_mdio_bus(struct phy_device *phydev) { mutex_lock(&phydev->mdio.bus->mdio_lock); } static inline void phy_unlock_mdio_bus(struct phy_device *phydev) { mutex_unlock(&phydev->mdio.bus->mdio_lock); } void phy_attached_print(struct phy_device *phydev, const char *fmt, ...) __printf(2, 3); char *phy_attached_info_irq(struct phy_device *phydev) __malloc; void phy_attached_info(struct phy_device *phydev); /* Clause 22 PHY */ int genphy_read_abilities(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_setup_forced(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_restart_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_check_and_restart_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev, bool restart); int genphy_config_eee_advert(struct phy_device *phydev); int __genphy_config_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev, bool changed); int genphy_aneg_done(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_update_link(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_read_lpa(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_read_status_fixed(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_read_status(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_suspend(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_resume(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_loopback(struct phy_device *phydev, bool enable); int genphy_soft_reset(struct phy_device *phydev); static inline int genphy_config_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev) { return __genphy_config_aneg(phydev, false); } static inline int genphy_no_ack_interrupt(struct phy_device *phydev) { return 0; } static inline int genphy_no_config_intr(struct phy_device *phydev) { return 0; } int genphy_read_mmd_unsupported(struct phy_device *phdev, int devad, u16 regnum); int genphy_write_mmd_unsupported(struct phy_device *phdev, int devnum, u16 regnum, u16 val); /* Clause 37 */ int genphy_c37_config_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c37_read_status(struct phy_device *phydev); /* Clause 45 PHY */ int genphy_c45_restart_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_check_and_restart_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev, bool restart); int genphy_c45_aneg_done(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_read_link(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_read_lpa(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_read_pma(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_pma_setup_forced(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_an_config_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_an_disable_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_read_mdix(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_pma_read_abilities(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_read_status(struct phy_device *phydev); int genphy_c45_config_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); /* Generic C45 PHY driver */ extern struct phy_driver genphy_c45_driver; /* The gen10g_* functions are the old Clause 45 stub */ int gen10g_config_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev); static inline int phy_read_status(struct phy_device *phydev) { if (!phydev->drv) return -EIO; if (phydev->drv->read_status) return phydev->drv->read_status(phydev); else return genphy_read_status(phydev); } void phy_driver_unregister(struct phy_driver *drv); void phy_drivers_unregister(struct phy_driver *drv, int n); int phy_driver_register(struct phy_driver *new_driver, struct module *owner); int phy_drivers_register(struct phy_driver *new_driver, int n, struct module *owner); void phy_state_machine(struct work_struct *work); void phy_queue_state_machine(struct phy_device *phydev, unsigned long jiffies); void phy_mac_interrupt(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_start_machine(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_stop_machine(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_ethtool_ksettings_get(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd); int phy_ethtool_ksettings_set(struct phy_device *phydev, const struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd); int phy_mii_ioctl(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd); int phy_do_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd); int phy_do_ioctl_running(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd); int phy_disable_interrupts(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_request_interrupt(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_free_interrupt(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_print_status(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_set_max_speed(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 max_speed); void phy_remove_link_mode(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 link_mode); void phy_advertise_supported(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_support_sym_pause(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_support_asym_pause(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_set_sym_pause(struct phy_device *phydev, bool rx, bool tx, bool autoneg); void phy_set_asym_pause(struct phy_device *phydev, bool rx, bool tx); bool phy_validate_pause(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_pauseparam *pp); void phy_get_pause(struct phy_device *phydev, bool *tx_pause, bool *rx_pause); s32 phy_get_internal_delay(struct phy_device *phydev, struct device *dev, const int *delay_values, int size, bool is_rx); void phy_resolve_pause(unsigned long *local_adv, unsigned long *partner_adv, bool *tx_pause, bool *rx_pause); int phy_register_fixup(const char *bus_id, u32 phy_uid, u32 phy_uid_mask, int (*run)(struct phy_device *)); int phy_register_fixup_for_id(const char *bus_id, int (*run)(struct phy_device *)); int phy_register_fixup_for_uid(u32 phy_uid, u32 phy_uid_mask, int (*run)(struct phy_device *)); int phy_unregister_fixup(const char *bus_id, u32 phy_uid, u32 phy_uid_mask); int phy_unregister_fixup_for_id(const char *bus_id); int phy_unregister_fixup_for_uid(u32 phy_uid, u32 phy_uid_mask); int phy_init_eee(struct phy_device *phydev, bool clk_stop_enable); int phy_get_eee_err(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_ethtool_set_eee(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_eee *data); int phy_ethtool_get_eee(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_eee *data); int phy_ethtool_set_wol(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_wolinfo *wol); void phy_ethtool_get_wol(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_wolinfo *wol); int phy_ethtool_get_link_ksettings(struct net_device *ndev, struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd); int phy_ethtool_set_link_ksettings(struct net_device *ndev, const struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd); int phy_ethtool_nway_reset(struct net_device *ndev); int phy_package_join(struct phy_device *phydev, int addr, size_t priv_size); void phy_package_leave(struct phy_device *phydev); int devm_phy_package_join(struct device *dev, struct phy_device *phydev, int addr, size_t priv_size); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PHYLIB) int __init mdio_bus_init(void); void mdio_bus_exit(void); #endif int phy_ethtool_get_strings(struct phy_device *phydev, u8 *data); int phy_ethtool_get_sset_count(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_ethtool_get_stats(struct phy_device *phydev, struct ethtool_stats *stats, u64 *data); static inline int phy_package_read(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum) { struct phy_package_shared *shared = phydev->shared; if (!shared) return -EIO; return mdiobus_read(phydev->mdio.bus, shared->addr, regnum); } static inline int __phy_package_read(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum) { struct phy_package_shared *shared = phydev->shared; if (!shared) return -EIO; return __mdiobus_read(phydev->mdio.bus, shared->addr, regnum); } static inline int phy_package_write(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { struct phy_package_shared *shared = phydev->shared; if (!shared) return -EIO; return mdiobus_write(phydev->mdio.bus, shared->addr, regnum, val); } static inline int __phy_package_write(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { struct phy_package_shared *shared = phydev->shared; if (!shared) return -EIO; return __mdiobus_write(phydev->mdio.bus, shared->addr, regnum, val); } static inline bool __phy_package_set_once(struct phy_device *phydev, unsigned int b) { struct phy_package_shared *shared = phydev->shared; if (!shared) return false; return !test_and_set_bit(b, &shared->flags); } static inline bool phy_package_init_once(struct phy_device *phydev) { return __phy_package_set_once(phydev, PHY_SHARED_F_INIT_DONE); } static inline bool phy_package_probe_once(struct phy_device *phydev) { return __phy_package_set_once(phydev, PHY_SHARED_F_PROBE_DONE); } extern struct bus_type mdio_bus_type; struct mdio_board_info { const char *bus_id; char modalias[MDIO_NAME_SIZE]; int mdio_addr; const void *platform_data; }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MDIO_DEVICE) int mdiobus_register_board_info(const struct mdio_board_info *info, unsigned int n); #else static inline int mdiobus_register_board_info(const struct mdio_board_info *i, unsigned int n) { return 0; } #endif /** * phy_module_driver() - Helper macro for registering PHY drivers * @__phy_drivers: array of PHY drivers to register * @__count: Numbers of members in array * * Helper macro for PHY drivers which do not do anything special in module * init/exit. Each module may only use this macro once, and calling it * replaces module_init() and module_exit(). */ #define phy_module_driver(__phy_drivers, __count) \ static int __init phy_module_init(void) \ { \ return phy_drivers_register(__phy_drivers, __count, THIS_MODULE); \ } \ module_init(phy_module_init); \ static void __exit phy_module_exit(void) \ { \ phy_drivers_unregister(__phy_drivers, __count); \ } \ module_exit(phy_module_exit) #define module_phy_driver(__phy_drivers) \ phy_module_driver(__phy_drivers, ARRAY_SIZE(__phy_drivers)) bool phy_driver_is_genphy(struct phy_device *phydev); bool phy_driver_is_genphy_10g(struct phy_device *phydev); #endif /* __PHY_H */
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3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/buffer.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 2002 Linus Torvalds */ /* * Start bdflush() with kernel_thread not syscall - Paul Gortmaker, 12/95 * * Removed a lot of unnecessary code and simplified things now that * the buffer cache isn't our primary cache - Andrew Tridgell 12/96 * * Speed up hash, lru, and free list operations. Use gfp() for allocating * hash table, use SLAB cache for buffer heads. SMP threading. -DaveM * * Added 32k buffer block sizes - these are required older ARM systems. - RMK * * async buffer flushing, 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/iomap.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/suspend.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/mpage.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <trace/events/block.h> #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include "internal.h" static int fsync_buffers_list(spinlock_t *lock, struct list_head *list); static int submit_bh_wbc(int op, int op_flags, struct buffer_head *bh, enum rw_hint hint, struct writeback_control *wbc); #define BH_ENTRY(list) list_entry((list), struct buffer_head, b_assoc_buffers) inline void touch_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { trace_block_touch_buffer(bh); mark_page_accessed(bh->b_page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_buffer); void __lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { wait_on_bit_lock_io(&bh->b_state, BH_Lock, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__lock_buffer); void unlock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { clear_bit_unlock(BH_Lock, &bh->b_state); smp_mb__after_atomic(); wake_up_bit(&bh->b_state, BH_Lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_buffer); /* * Returns if the page has dirty or writeback buffers. If all the buffers * are unlocked and clean then the PageDirty information is stale. If * any of the pages are locked, it is assumed they are locked for IO. */ void buffer_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback) { struct buffer_head *head, *bh; *dirty = false; *writeback = false; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) return; if (PageWriteback(page)) *writeback = true; head = page_buffers(page); bh = head; do { if (buffer_locked(bh)) *writeback = true; if (buffer_dirty(bh)) *dirty = true; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(buffer_check_dirty_writeback); /* * Block until a buffer comes unlocked. This doesn't stop it * from becoming locked again - you have to lock it yourself * if you want to preserve its state. */ void __wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head * bh) { wait_on_bit_io(&bh->b_state, BH_Lock, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__wait_on_buffer); static void buffer_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh, char *msg) { if (!test_bit(BH_Quiet, &bh->b_state)) printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR "Buffer I/O error on dev %pg, logical block %llu%s\n", bh->b_bdev, (unsigned long long)bh->b_blocknr, msg); } /* * End-of-IO handler helper function which does not touch the bh after * unlocking it. * Note: unlock_buffer() sort-of does touch the bh after unlocking it, but * a race there is benign: unlock_buffer() only use the bh's address for * hashing after unlocking the buffer, so it doesn't actually touch the bh * itself. */ static void __end_buffer_read_notouch(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { if (uptodate) { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } else { /* This happens, due to failed read-ahead attempts. */ clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); } unlock_buffer(bh); } /* * Default synchronous end-of-IO handler.. Just mark it up-to-date and * unlock the buffer. This is what ll_rw_block uses too. */ void end_buffer_read_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { __end_buffer_read_notouch(bh, uptodate); put_bh(bh); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(end_buffer_read_sync); void end_buffer_write_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { if (uptodate) { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } else { buffer_io_error(bh, ", lost sync page write"); mark_buffer_write_io_error(bh); clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); } unlock_buffer(bh); put_bh(bh); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(end_buffer_write_sync); /* * Various filesystems appear to want __find_get_block to be non-blocking. * But it's the page lock which protects the buffers. To get around this, * we get exclusion from try_to_free_buffers with the blockdev mapping's * private_lock. * * Hack idea: for the blockdev mapping, private_lock contention * may be quite high. This code could TryLock the page, and if that * succeeds, there is no need to take private_lock. */ static struct buffer_head * __find_get_block_slow(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block) { struct inode *bd_inode = bdev->bd_inode; struct address_space *bd_mapping = bd_inode->i_mapping; struct buffer_head *ret = NULL; pgoff_t index; struct buffer_head *bh; struct buffer_head *head; struct page *page; int all_mapped = 1; static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(last_warned, HZ, 1); index = block >> (PAGE_SHIFT - bd_inode->i_blkbits); page = find_get_page_flags(bd_mapping, index, FGP_ACCESSED); if (!page) goto out; spin_lock(&bd_mapping->private_lock); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) goto out_unlock; head = page_buffers(page); bh = head; do { if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) all_mapped = 0; else if (bh->b_blocknr == block) { ret = bh; get_bh(bh); goto out_unlock; } bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); /* we might be here because some of the buffers on this page are * not mapped. This is due to various races between * file io on the block device and getblk. It gets dealt with * elsewhere, don't buffer_error if we had some unmapped buffers */ ratelimit_set_flags(&last_warned, RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE); if (all_mapped && __ratelimit(&last_warned)) { printk("__find_get_block_slow() failed. block=%llu, " "b_blocknr=%llu, b_state=0x%08lx, b_size=%zu, " "device %pg blocksize: %d\n", (unsigned long long)block, (unsigned long long)bh->b_blocknr, bh->b_state, bh->b_size, bdev, 1 << bd_inode->i_blkbits); } out_unlock: spin_unlock(&bd_mapping->private_lock); put_page(page); out: return ret; } static void end_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { unsigned long flags; struct buffer_head *first; struct buffer_head *tmp; struct page *page; int page_uptodate = 1; BUG_ON(!buffer_async_read(bh)); page = bh->b_page; if (uptodate) { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } else { clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); buffer_io_error(bh, ", async page read"); SetPageError(page); } /* * Be _very_ careful from here on. Bad things can happen if * two buffer heads end IO at almost the same time and both * decide that the page is now completely done. */ first = page_buffers(page); spin_lock_irqsave(&first->b_uptodate_lock, flags); clear_buffer_async_read(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); tmp = bh; do { if (!buffer_uptodate(tmp)) page_uptodate = 0; if (buffer_async_read(tmp)) { BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(tmp)); goto still_busy; } tmp = tmp->b_this_page; } while (tmp != bh); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->b_uptodate_lock, flags); /* * If none of the buffers had errors and they are all * uptodate then we can set the page uptodate. */ if (page_uptodate && !PageError(page)) SetPageUptodate(page); unlock_page(page); return; still_busy: spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->b_uptodate_lock, flags); return; } struct decrypt_bh_ctx { struct work_struct work; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static void decrypt_bh(struct work_struct *work) { struct decrypt_bh_ctx *ctx = container_of(work, struct decrypt_bh_ctx, work); struct buffer_head *bh = ctx->bh; int err; err = fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(bh->b_page, bh->b_size, bh_offset(bh)); end_buffer_async_read(bh, err == 0); kfree(ctx); } /* * I/O completion handler for block_read_full_page() - pages * which come unlocked at the end of I/O. */ static void end_buffer_async_read_io(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { /* Decrypt if needed */ if (uptodate && fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto(bh->b_page->mapping->host)) { struct decrypt_bh_ctx *ctx = kmalloc(sizeof(*ctx), GFP_ATOMIC); if (ctx) { INIT_WORK(&ctx->work, decrypt_bh); ctx->bh = bh; fscrypt_enqueue_decrypt_work(&ctx->work); return; } uptodate = 0; } end_buffer_async_read(bh, uptodate); } /* * Completion handler for block_write_full_page() - pages which are unlocked * during I/O, and which have PageWriteback cleared upon I/O completion. */ void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { unsigned long flags; struct buffer_head *first; struct buffer_head *tmp; struct page *page; BUG_ON(!buffer_async_write(bh)); page = bh->b_page; if (uptodate) { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } else { buffer_io_error(bh, ", lost async page write"); mark_buffer_write_io_error(bh); clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); SetPageError(page); } first = page_buffers(page); spin_lock_irqsave(&first->b_uptodate_lock, flags); clear_buffer_async_write(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); tmp = bh->b_this_page; while (tmp != bh) { if (buffer_async_write(tmp)) { BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(tmp)); goto still_busy; } tmp = tmp->b_this_page; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->b_uptodate_lock, flags); end_page_writeback(page); return; still_busy: spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->b_uptodate_lock, flags); return; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(end_buffer_async_write); /* * If a page's buffers are under async readin (end_buffer_async_read * completion) then there is a possibility that another thread of * control could lock one of the buffers after it has completed * but while some of the other buffers have not completed. This * locked buffer would confuse end_buffer_async_read() into not unlocking * the page. So the absence of BH_Async_Read tells end_buffer_async_read() * that this buffer is not under async I/O. * * The page comes unlocked when it has no locked buffer_async buffers * left. * * PageLocked prevents anyone starting new async I/O reads any of * the buffers. * * PageWriteback is used to prevent simultaneous writeout of the same * page. * * PageLocked prevents anyone from starting writeback of a page which is * under read I/O (PageWriteback is only ever set against a locked page). */ static void mark_buffer_async_read(struct buffer_head *bh) { bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_async_read_io; set_buffer_async_read(bh); } static void mark_buffer_async_write_endio(struct buffer_head *bh, bh_end_io_t *handler) { bh->b_end_io = handler; set_buffer_async_write(bh); } void mark_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh) { mark_buffer_async_write_endio(bh, end_buffer_async_write); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_buffer_async_write); /* * fs/buffer.c contains helper functions for buffer-backed address space's * fsync functions. A common requirement for buffer-based filesystems is * that certain data from the backing blockdev needs to be written out for * a successful fsync(). For example, ext2 indirect blocks need to be * written back and waited upon before fsync() returns. * * The functions mark_buffer_inode_dirty(), fsync_inode_buffers(), * inode_has_buffers() and invalidate_inode_buffers() are provided for the * management of a list of dependent buffers at ->i_mapping->private_list. * * Locking is a little subtle: try_to_free_buffers() will remove buffers * from their controlling inode's queue when they are being freed. But * try_to_free_buffers() will be operating against the *blockdev* mapping * at the time, not against the S_ISREG file which depends on those buffers. * So the locking for private_list is via the private_lock in the address_space * which backs the buffers. Which is different from the address_space * against which the buffers are listed. So for a particular address_space, * mapping->private_lock does *not* protect mapping->private_list! In fact, * mapping->private_list will always be protected by the backing blockdev's * ->private_lock. * * Which introduces a requirement: all buffers on an address_space's * ->private_list must be from the same address_space: the blockdev's. * * address_spaces which do not place buffers at ->private_list via these * utility functions are free to use private_lock and private_list for * whatever they want. The only requirement is that list_empty(private_list) * be true at clear_inode() time. * * FIXME: clear_inode should not call invalidate_inode_buffers(). The * filesystems should do that. invalidate_inode_buffers() should just go * BUG_ON(!list_empty). * * FIXME: mark_buffer_dirty_inode() is a data-plane operation. It should * take an address_space, not an inode. And it should be called * mark_buffer_dirty_fsync() to clearly define why those buffers are being * queued up. * * FIXME: mark_buffer_dirty_inode() doesn't need to add the buffer to the * list if it is already on a list. Because if the buffer is on a list, * it *must* already be on the right one. If not, the filesystem is being * silly. This will save a ton of locking. But first we have to ensure * that buffers are taken *off* the old inode's list when they are freed * (presumably in truncate). That requires careful auditing of all * filesystems (do it inside bforget()). It could also be done by bringing * b_inode back. */ /* * The buffer's backing address_space's private_lock must be held */ static void __remove_assoc_queue(struct buffer_head *bh) { list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); WARN_ON(!bh->b_assoc_map); bh->b_assoc_map = NULL; } int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return !list_empty(&inode->i_data.private_list); } /* * osync is designed to support O_SYNC io. It waits synchronously for * all already-submitted IO to complete, but does not queue any new * writes to the disk. * * To do O_SYNC writes, just queue the buffer writes with ll_rw_block as * you dirty the buffers, and then use osync_inode_buffers to wait for * completion. Any other dirty buffers which are not yet queued for * write will not be flushed to disk by the osync. */ static int osync_buffers_list(spinlock_t *lock, struct list_head *list) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct list_head *p; int err = 0; spin_lock(lock); repeat: list_for_each_prev(p, list) { bh = BH_ENTRY(p); if (buffer_locked(bh)) { get_bh(bh); spin_unlock(lock); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) err = -EIO; brelse(bh); spin_lock(lock); goto repeat; } } spin_unlock(lock); return err; } void emergency_thaw_bdev(struct super_block *sb) { while (sb->s_bdev && !thaw_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb)) printk(KERN_WARNING "Emergency Thaw on %pg\n", sb->s_bdev); } /** * sync_mapping_buffers - write out & wait upon a mapping's "associated" buffers * @mapping: the mapping which wants those buffers written * * Starts I/O against the buffers at mapping->private_list, and waits upon * that I/O. * * Basically, this is a convenience function for fsync(). * @mapping is a file or directory which needs those buffers to be written for * a successful fsync(). */ int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping) { struct address_space *buffer_mapping = mapping->private_data; if (buffer_mapping == NULL || list_empty(&mapping->private_list)) return 0; return fsync_buffers_list(&buffer_mapping->private_lock, &mapping->private_list); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_mapping_buffers); /* * Called when we've recently written block `bblock', and it is known that * `bblock' was for a buffer_boundary() buffer. This means that the block at * `bblock + 1' is probably a dirty indirect block. Hunt it down and, if it's * dirty, schedule it for IO. So that indirects merge nicely with their data. */ void write_boundary_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t bblock, unsigned blocksize) { struct buffer_head *bh = __find_get_block(bdev, bblock + 1, blocksize); if (bh) { if (buffer_dirty(bh)) ll_rw_block(REQ_OP_WRITE, 0, 1, &bh); put_bh(bh); } } void mark_buffer_dirty_inode(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *inode) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; struct address_space *buffer_mapping = bh->b_page->mapping; mark_buffer_dirty(bh); if (!mapping->private_data) { mapping->private_data = buffer_mapping; } else { BUG_ON(mapping->private_data != buffer_mapping); } if (!bh->b_assoc_map) { spin_lock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); list_move_tail(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, &mapping->private_list); bh->b_assoc_map = mapping; spin_unlock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_buffer_dirty_inode); /* * Mark the page dirty, and set it dirty in the page cache, and mark the inode * dirty. * * If warn is true, then emit a warning if the page is not uptodate and has * not been truncated. * * The caller must hold lock_page_memcg(). */ void __set_page_dirty(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, int warn) { unsigned long flags; xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); if (page->mapping) { /* Race with truncate? */ WARN_ON_ONCE(warn && !PageUptodate(page)); account_page_dirtied(page, mapping); __xa_set_mark(&mapping->i_pages, page_index(page), PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY); } xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__set_page_dirty); /* * Add a page to the dirty page list. * * It is a sad fact of life that this function is called from several places * deeply under spinlocking. It may not sleep. * * If the page has buffers, the uptodate buffers are set dirty, to preserve * dirty-state coherency between the page and the buffers. It the page does * not have buffers then when they are later attached they will all be set * dirty. * * The buffers are dirtied before the page is dirtied. There's a small race * window in which a writepage caller may see the page cleanness but not the * buffer dirtiness. That's fine. If this code were to set the page dirty * before the buffers, a concurrent writepage caller could clear the page dirty * bit, see a bunch of clean buffers and we'd end up with dirty buffers/clean * page on the dirty page list. * * We use private_lock to lock against try_to_free_buffers while using the * page's buffer list. Also use this to protect against clean buffers being * added to the page after it was set dirty. * * FIXME: may need to call ->reservepage here as well. That's rather up to the * address_space though. */ int __set_page_dirty_buffers(struct page *page) { int newly_dirty; struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); if (unlikely(!mapping)) return !TestSetPageDirty(page); spin_lock(&mapping->private_lock); if (page_has_buffers(page)) { struct buffer_head *head = page_buffers(page); struct buffer_head *bh = head; do { set_buffer_dirty(bh); bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); } /* * Lock out page->mem_cgroup migration to keep PageDirty * synchronized with per-memcg dirty page counters. */ lock_page_memcg(page); newly_dirty = !TestSetPageDirty(page); spin_unlock(&mapping->private_lock); if (newly_dirty) __set_page_dirty(page, mapping, 1); unlock_page_memcg(page); if (newly_dirty) __mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES); return newly_dirty; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__set_page_dirty_buffers); /* * Write out and wait upon a list of buffers. * * We have conflicting pressures: we want to make sure that all * initially dirty buffers get waited on, but that any subsequently * dirtied buffers don't. After all, we don't want fsync to last * forever if somebody is actively writing to the file. * * Do this in two main stages: first we copy dirty buffers to a * temporary inode list, queueing the writes as we go. Then we clean * up, waiting for those writes to complete. * * During this second stage, any subsequent updates to the file may end * up refiling the buffer on the original inode's dirty list again, so * there is a chance we will end up with a buffer queued for write but * not yet completed on that list. So, as a final cleanup we go through * the osync code to catch these locked, dirty buffers without requeuing * any newly dirty buffers for write. */ static int fsync_buffers_list(spinlock_t *lock, struct list_head *list) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct list_head tmp; struct address_space *mapping; int err = 0, err2; struct blk_plug plug; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp); blk_start_plug(&plug); spin_lock(lock); while (!list_empty(list)) { bh = BH_ENTRY(list->next); mapping = bh->b_assoc_map; __remove_assoc_queue(bh); /* Avoid race with mark_buffer_dirty_inode() which does * a lockless check and we rely on seeing the dirty bit */ smp_mb(); if (buffer_dirty(bh) || buffer_locked(bh)) { list_add(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, &tmp); bh->b_assoc_map = mapping; if (buffer_dirty(bh)) { get_bh(bh); spin_unlock(lock); /* * Ensure any pending I/O completes so that * write_dirty_buffer() actually writes the * current contents - it is a noop if I/O is * still in flight on potentially older * contents. */ write_dirty_buffer(bh, REQ_SYNC); /* * Kick off IO for the previous mapping. Note * that we will not run the very last mapping, * wait_on_buffer() will do that for us * through sync_buffer(). */ brelse(bh); spin_lock(lock); } } } spin_unlock(lock); blk_finish_plug(&plug); spin_lock(lock); while (!list_empty(&tmp)) { bh = BH_ENTRY(tmp.prev); get_bh(bh); mapping = bh->b_assoc_map; __remove_assoc_queue(bh); /* Avoid race with mark_buffer_dirty_inode() which does * a lockless check and we rely on seeing the dirty bit */ smp_mb(); if (buffer_dirty(bh)) { list_add(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, &mapping->private_list); bh->b_assoc_map = mapping; } spin_unlock(lock); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) err = -EIO; brelse(bh); spin_lock(lock); } spin_unlock(lock); err2 = osync_buffers_list(lock, list); if (err) return err; else return err2; } /* * Invalidate any and all dirty buffers on a given inode. We are * probably unmounting the fs, but that doesn't mean we have already * done a sync(). Just drop the buffers from the inode list. * * NOTE: we take the inode's blockdev's mapping's private_lock. Which * assumes that all the buffers are against the blockdev. Not true * for reiserfs. */ void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) { if (inode_has_buffers(inode)) { struct address_space *mapping = &inode->i_data; struct list_head *list = &mapping->private_list; struct address_space *buffer_mapping = mapping->private_data; spin_lock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); while (!list_empty(list)) __remove_assoc_queue(BH_ENTRY(list->next)); spin_unlock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(invalidate_inode_buffers); /* * Remove any clean buffers from the inode's buffer list. This is called * when we're trying to free the inode itself. Those buffers can pin it. * * Returns true if all buffers were removed. */ int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) { int ret = 1; if (inode_has_buffers(inode)) { struct address_space *mapping = &inode->i_data; struct list_head *list = &mapping->private_list; struct address_space *buffer_mapping = mapping->private_data; spin_lock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); while (!list_empty(list)) { struct buffer_head *bh = BH_ENTRY(list->next); if (buffer_dirty(bh)) { ret = 0; break; } __remove_assoc_queue(bh); } spin_unlock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); } return ret; } /* * Create the appropriate buffers when given a page for data area and * the size of each buffer.. Use the bh->b_this_page linked list to * follow the buffers created. Return NULL if unable to create more * buffers. * * The retry flag is used to differentiate async IO (paging, swapping) * which may not fail from ordinary buffer allocations. */ struct buffer_head *alloc_page_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned long size, bool retry) { struct buffer_head *bh, *head; gfp_t gfp = GFP_NOFS | __GFP_ACCOUNT; long offset; struct mem_cgroup *memcg, *old_memcg; if (retry) gfp |= __GFP_NOFAIL; memcg = get_mem_cgroup_from_page(page); old_memcg = set_active_memcg(memcg); head = NULL; offset = PAGE_SIZE; while ((offset -= size) >= 0) { bh = alloc_buffer_head(gfp); if (!bh) goto no_grow; bh->b_this_page = head; bh->b_blocknr = -1; head = bh; bh->b_size = size; /* Link the buffer to its page */ set_bh_page(bh, page, offset); } out: set_active_memcg(old_memcg); mem_cgroup_put(memcg); return head; /* * In case anything failed, we just free everything we got. */ no_grow: if (head) { do { bh = head; head = head->b_this_page; free_buffer_head(bh); } while (head); } goto out; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(alloc_page_buffers); static inline void link_dev_buffers(struct page *page, struct buffer_head *head) { struct buffer_head *bh, *tail; bh = head; do { tail = bh; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh); tail->b_this_page = head; attach_page_private(page, head); } static sector_t blkdev_max_block(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned int size) { sector_t retval = ~((sector_t)0); loff_t sz = i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode); if (sz) { unsigned int sizebits = blksize_bits(size); retval = (sz >> sizebits); } return retval; } /* * Initialise the state of a blockdev page's buffers. */ static sector_t init_page_buffers(struct page *page, struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, int size) { struct buffer_head *head = page_buffers(page); struct buffer_head *bh = head; int uptodate = PageUptodate(page); sector_t end_block = blkdev_max_block(I_BDEV(bdev->bd_inode), size); do { if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { bh->b_end_io = NULL; bh->b_private = NULL; bh->b_bdev = bdev; bh->b_blocknr = block; if (uptodate) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); if (block < end_block) set_buffer_mapped(bh); } block++; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); /* * Caller needs to validate requested block against end of device. */ return end_block; } /* * Create the page-cache page that contains the requested block. * * This is used purely for blockdev mappings. */ static int grow_dev_page(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, pgoff_t index, int size, int sizebits, gfp_t gfp) { struct inode *inode = bdev->bd_inode; struct page *page; struct buffer_head *bh; sector_t end_block; int ret = 0; gfp_t gfp_mask; gfp_mask = mapping_gfp_constraint(inode->i_mapping, ~__GFP_FS) | gfp; /* * XXX: __getblk_slow() can not really deal with failure and * will endlessly loop on improvised global reclaim. Prefer * looping in the allocator rather than here, at least that * code knows what it's doing. */ gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOFAIL; page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, index, gfp_mask); BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (page_has_buffers(page)) { bh = page_buffers(page); if (bh->b_size == size) { end_block = init_page_buffers(page, bdev, (sector_t)index << sizebits, size); goto done; } if (!try_to_free_buffers(page)) goto failed; } /* * Allocate some buffers for this page */ bh = alloc_page_buffers(page, size, true); /* * Link the page to the buffers and initialise them. Take the * lock to be atomic wrt __find_get_block(), which does not * run under the page lock. */ spin_lock(&inode->i_mapping->private_lock); link_dev_buffers(page, bh); end_block = init_page_buffers(page, bdev, (sector_t)index << sizebits, size); spin_unlock(&inode->i_mapping->private_lock); done: ret = (block < end_block) ? 1 : -ENXIO; failed: unlock_page(page); put_page(page); return ret; } /* * Create buffers for the specified block device block's page. If * that page was dirty, the buffers are set dirty also. */ static int grow_buffers(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, int size, gfp_t gfp) { pgoff_t index; int sizebits; sizebits = -1; do { sizebits++; } while ((size << sizebits) < PAGE_SIZE); index = block >> sizebits; /* * Check for a block which wants to lie outside our maximum possible * pagecache index. (this comparison is done using sector_t types). */ if (unlikely(index != block >> sizebits)) { printk(KERN_ERR "%s: requested out-of-range block %llu for " "device %pg\n", __func__, (unsigned long long)block, bdev); return -EIO; } /* Create a page with the proper size buffers.. */ return grow_dev_page(bdev, block, index, size, sizebits, gfp); } static struct buffer_head * __getblk_slow(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp) { /* Size must be multiple of hard sectorsize */ if (unlikely(size & (bdev_logical_block_size(bdev)-1) || (size < 512 || size > PAGE_SIZE))) { printk(KERN_ERR "getblk(): invalid block size %d requested\n", size); printk(KERN_ERR "logical block size: %d\n", bdev_logical_block_size(bdev)); dump_stack(); return NULL; } for (;;) { struct buffer_head *bh; int ret; bh = __find_get_block(bdev, block, size); if (bh) return bh; ret = grow_buffers(bdev, block, size, gfp); if (ret < 0) return NULL; } } /* * The relationship between dirty buffers and dirty pages: * * Whenever a page has any dirty buffers, the page's dirty bit is set, and * the page is tagged dirty in the page cache. * * At all times, the dirtiness of the buffers represents the dirtiness of * subsections of the page. If the page has buffers, the page dirty bit is * merely a hint about the true dirty state. * * When a page is set dirty in its entirety, all its buffers are marked dirty * (if the page has buffers). * * When a buffer is marked dirty, its page is dirtied, but the page's other * buffers are not. * * Also. When blockdev buffers are explicitly read with bread(), they * individually become uptodate. But their backing page remains not * uptodate - even if all of its buffers are uptodate. A subsequent * block_read_full_page() against that page will discover all the uptodate * buffers, will set the page uptodate and will perform no I/O. */ /** * mark_buffer_dirty - mark a buffer_head as needing writeout * @bh: the buffer_head to mark dirty * * mark_buffer_dirty() will set the dirty bit against the buffer, then set * its backing page dirty, then tag the page as dirty in the page cache * and then attach the address_space's inode to its superblock's dirty * inode list. * * mark_buffer_dirty() is atomic. It takes bh->b_page->mapping->private_lock, * i_pages lock and mapping->host->i_lock. */ void mark_buffer_dirty(struct buffer_head *bh) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!buffer_uptodate(bh)); trace_block_dirty_buffer(bh); /* * Very *carefully* optimize the it-is-already-dirty case. * * Don't let the final "is it dirty" escape to before we * perhaps modified the buffer. */ if (buffer_dirty(bh)) { smp_mb(); if (buffer_dirty(bh)) return; } if (!test_set_buffer_dirty(bh)) { struct page *page = bh->b_page; struct address_space *mapping = NULL; lock_page_memcg(page); if (!TestSetPageDirty(page)) { mapping = page_mapping(page); if (mapping) __set_page_dirty(page, mapping, 0); } unlock_page_memcg(page); if (mapping) __mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_buffer_dirty); void mark_buffer_write_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh) { struct super_block *sb; set_buffer_write_io_error(bh); /* FIXME: do we need to set this in both places? */ if (bh->b_page && bh->b_page->mapping) mapping_set_error(bh->b_page->mapping, -EIO); if (bh->b_assoc_map) mapping_set_error(bh->b_assoc_map, -EIO); rcu_read_lock(); sb = READ_ONCE(bh->b_bdev->bd_super); if (sb) errseq_set(&sb->s_wb_err, -EIO); rcu_read_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_buffer_write_io_error); /* * Decrement a buffer_head's reference count. If all buffers against a page * have zero reference count, are clean and unlocked, and if the page is clean * and unlocked then try_to_free_buffers() may strip the buffers from the page * in preparation for freeing it (sometimes, rarely, buffers are removed from * a page but it ends up not being freed, and buffers may later be reattached). */ void __brelse(struct buffer_head * buf) { if (atomic_read(&buf->b_count)) { put_bh(buf); return; } WARN(1, KERN_ERR "VFS: brelse: Trying to free free buffer\n"); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__brelse); /* * bforget() is like brelse(), except it discards any * potentially dirty data. */ void __bforget(struct buffer_head *bh) { clear_buffer_dirty(bh); if (bh->b_assoc_map) { struct address_space *buffer_mapping = bh->b_page->mapping; spin_lock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); bh->b_assoc_map = NULL; spin_unlock(&buffer_mapping->private_lock); } __brelse(bh); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bforget); static struct buffer_head *__bread_slow(struct buffer_head *bh) { lock_buffer(bh); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return bh; } else { get_bh(bh); bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_sync; submit_bh(REQ_OP_READ, 0, bh); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) return bh; } brelse(bh); return NULL; } /* * Per-cpu buffer LRU implementation. To reduce the cost of __find_get_block(). * The bhs[] array is sorted - newest buffer is at bhs[0]. Buffers have their * refcount elevated by one when they're in an LRU. A buffer can only appear * once in a particular CPU's LRU. A single buffer can be present in multiple * CPU's LRUs at the same time. * * This is a transparent caching front-end to sb_bread(), sb_getblk() and * sb_find_get_block(). * * The LRUs themselves only need locking against invalidate_bh_lrus. We use * a local interrupt disable for that. */ #define BH_LRU_SIZE 16 struct bh_lru { struct buffer_head *bhs[BH_LRU_SIZE]; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct bh_lru, bh_lrus) = {{ NULL }}; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP #define bh_lru_lock() local_irq_disable() #define bh_lru_unlock() local_irq_enable() #else #define bh_lru_lock() preempt_disable() #define bh_lru_unlock() preempt_enable() #endif static inline void check_irqs_on(void) { #ifdef irqs_disabled BUG_ON(irqs_disabled()); #endif } /* * Install a buffer_head into this cpu's LRU. If not already in the LRU, it is * inserted at the front, and the buffer_head at the back if any is evicted. * Or, if already in the LRU it is moved to the front. */ static void bh_lru_install(struct buffer_head *bh) { struct buffer_head *evictee = bh; struct bh_lru *b; int i; check_irqs_on(); bh_lru_lock(); b = this_cpu_ptr(&bh_lrus); for (i = 0; i < BH_LRU_SIZE; i++) { swap(evictee, b->bhs[i]); if (evictee == bh) { bh_lru_unlock(); return; } } get_bh(bh); bh_lru_unlock(); brelse(evictee); } /* * Look up the bh in this cpu's LRU. If it's there, move it to the head. */ static struct buffer_head * lookup_bh_lru(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { struct buffer_head *ret = NULL; unsigned int i; check_irqs_on(); bh_lru_lock(); for (i = 0; i < BH_LRU_SIZE; i++) { struct buffer_head *bh = __this_cpu_read(bh_lrus.bhs[i]); if (bh && bh->b_blocknr == block && bh->b_bdev == bdev && bh->b_size == size) { if (i) { while (i) { __this_cpu_write(bh_lrus.bhs[i], __this_cpu_read(bh_lrus.bhs[i - 1])); i--; } __this_cpu_write(bh_lrus.bhs[0], bh); } get_bh(bh); ret = bh; break; } } bh_lru_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Perform a pagecache lookup for the matching buffer. If it's there, refresh * it in the LRU and mark it as accessed. If it is not present then return * NULL */ struct buffer_head * __find_get_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { struct buffer_head *bh = lookup_bh_lru(bdev, block, size); if (bh == NULL) { /* __find_get_block_slow will mark the page accessed */ bh = __find_get_block_slow(bdev, block); if (bh) bh_lru_install(bh); } else touch_buffer(bh); return bh; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__find_get_block); /* * __getblk_gfp() will locate (and, if necessary, create) the buffer_head * which corresponds to the passed block_device, block and size. The * returned buffer has its reference count incremented. * * __getblk_gfp() will lock up the machine if grow_dev_page's * try_to_free_buffers() attempt is failing. FIXME, perhaps? */ struct buffer_head * __getblk_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp) { struct buffer_head *bh = __find_get_block(bdev, block, size); might_sleep(); if (bh == NULL) bh = __getblk_slow(bdev, block, size, gfp); return bh; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__getblk_gfp); /* * Do async read-ahead on a buffer.. */ void __breadahead(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { struct buffer_head *bh = __getblk(bdev, block, size); if (likely(bh)) { ll_rw_block(REQ_OP_READ, REQ_RAHEAD, 1, &bh); brelse(bh); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__breadahead); void __breadahead_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp) { struct buffer_head *bh = __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, gfp); if (likely(bh)) { ll_rw_block(REQ_OP_READ, REQ_RAHEAD, 1, &bh); brelse(bh); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__breadahead_gfp); /** * __bread_gfp() - reads a specified block and returns the bh * @bdev: the block_device to read from * @block: number of block * @size: size (in bytes) to read * @gfp: page allocation flag * * Reads a specified block, and returns buffer head that contains it. * The page cache can be allocated from non-movable area * not to prevent page migration if you set gfp to zero. * It returns NULL if the block was unreadable. */ struct buffer_head * __bread_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp) { struct buffer_head *bh = __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, gfp); if (likely(bh) && !buffer_uptodate(bh)) bh = __bread_slow(bh); return bh; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bread_gfp); /* * invalidate_bh_lrus() is called rarely - but not only at unmount. * This doesn't race because it runs in each cpu either in irq * or with preempt disabled. */ static void invalidate_bh_lru(void *arg) { struct bh_lru *b = &get_cpu_var(bh_lrus); int i; for (i = 0; i < BH_LRU_SIZE; i++) { brelse(b->bhs[i]); b->bhs[i] = NULL; } put_cpu_var(bh_lrus); } static bool has_bh_in_lru(int cpu, void *dummy) { struct bh_lru *b = per_cpu_ptr(&bh_lrus, cpu); int i; for (i = 0; i < BH_LRU_SIZE; i++) { if (b->bhs[i]) return true; } return false; } void invalidate_bh_lrus(void) { on_each_cpu_cond(has_bh_in_lru, invalidate_bh_lru, NULL, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(invalidate_bh_lrus); void set_bh_page(struct buffer_head *bh, struct page *page, unsigned long offset) { bh->b_page = page; BUG_ON(offset >= PAGE_SIZE); if (PageHighMem(page)) /* * This catches illegal uses and preserves the offset: */ bh->b_data = (char *)(0 + offset); else bh->b_data = page_address(page) + offset; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_bh_page); /* * Called when truncating a buffer on a page completely. */ /* Bits that are cleared during an invalidate */ #define BUFFER_FLAGS_DISCARD \ (1 << BH_Mapped | 1 << BH_New | 1 << BH_Req | \ 1 << BH_Delay | 1 << BH_Unwritten) static void discard_buffer(struct buffer_head * bh) { unsigned long b_state, b_state_old; lock_buffer(bh); clear_buffer_dirty(bh); bh->b_bdev = NULL; b_state = bh->b_state; for (;;) { b_state_old = cmpxchg(&bh->b_state, b_state, (b_state & ~BUFFER_FLAGS_DISCARD)); if (b_state_old == b_state) break; b_state = b_state_old; } unlock_buffer(bh); } /** * block_invalidatepage - invalidate part or all of a buffer-backed page * * @page: the page which is affected * @offset: start of the range to invalidate * @length: length of the range to invalidate * * block_invalidatepage() is called when all or part of the page has become * invalidated by a truncate operation. * * block_invalidatepage() does not have to release all buffers, but it must * ensure that no dirty buffer is left outside @offset and that no I/O * is underway against any of the blocks which are outside the truncation * point. Because the caller is about to free (and possibly reuse) those * blocks on-disk. */ void block_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { struct buffer_head *head, *bh, *next; unsigned int curr_off = 0; unsigned int stop = length + offset; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) goto out; /* * Check for overflow */ BUG_ON(stop > PAGE_SIZE || stop < length); head = page_buffers(page); bh = head; do { unsigned int next_off = curr_off + bh->b_size; next = bh->b_this_page; /* * Are we still fully in range ? */ if (next_off > stop) goto out; /* * is this block fully invalidated? */ if (offset <= curr_off) discard_buffer(bh); curr_off = next_off; bh = next; } while (bh != head); /* * We release buffers only if the entire page is being invalidated. * The get_block cached value has been unconditionally invalidated, * so real IO is not possible anymore. */ if (length == PAGE_SIZE) try_to_release_page(page, 0); out: return; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_invalidatepage); /* * We attach and possibly dirty the buffers atomically wrt * __set_page_dirty_buffers() via private_lock. try_to_free_buffers * is already excluded via the page lock. */ void create_empty_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned long blocksize, unsigned long b_state) { struct buffer_head *bh, *head, *tail; head = alloc_page_buffers(page, blocksize, true); bh = head; do { bh->b_state |= b_state; tail = bh; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh); tail->b_this_page = head; spin_lock(&page->mapping->private_lock); if (PageUptodate(page) || PageDirty(page)) { bh = head; do { if (PageDirty(page)) set_buffer_dirty(bh); if (PageUptodate(page)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); } attach_page_private(page, head); spin_unlock(&page->mapping->private_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(create_empty_buffers); /** * clean_bdev_aliases: clean a range of buffers in block device * @bdev: Block device to clean buffers in * @block: Start of a range of blocks to clean * @len: Number of blocks to clean * * We are taking a range of blocks for data and we don't want writeback of any * buffer-cache aliases starting from return from this function and until the * moment when something will explicitly mark the buffer dirty (hopefully that * will not happen until we will free that block ;-) We don't even need to mark * it not-uptodate - nobody can expect anything from a newly allocated buffer * anyway. We used to use unmap_buffer() for such invalidation, but that was * wrong. We definitely don't want to mark the alias unmapped, for example - it * would confuse anyone who might pick it with bread() afterwards... * * Also.. Note that bforget() doesn't lock the buffer. So there can be * writeout I/O going on against recently-freed buffers. We don't wait on that * I/O in bforget() - it's more efficient to wait on the I/O only if we really * need to. That happens here. */ void clean_bdev_aliases(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, sector_t len) { struct inode *bd_inode = bdev->bd_inode; struct address_space *bd_mapping = bd_inode->i_mapping; struct pagevec pvec; pgoff_t index = block >> (PAGE_SHIFT - bd_inode->i_blkbits); pgoff_t end; int i, count; struct buffer_head *bh; struct buffer_head *head; end = (block + len - 1) >> (PAGE_SHIFT - bd_inode->i_blkbits); pagevec_init(&pvec); while (pagevec_lookup_range(&pvec, bd_mapping, &index, end)) { count = pagevec_count(&pvec); for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; if (!page_has_buffers(page)) continue; /* * We use page lock instead of bd_mapping->private_lock * to pin buffers here since we can afford to sleep and * it scales better than a global spinlock lock. */ lock_page(page); /* Recheck when the page is locked which pins bhs */ if (!page_has_buffers(page)) goto unlock_page; head = page_buffers(page); bh = head; do { if (!buffer_mapped(bh) || (bh->b_blocknr < block)) goto next; if (bh->b_blocknr >= block + len) break; clear_buffer_dirty(bh); wait_on_buffer(bh); clear_buffer_req(bh); next: bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); unlock_page: unlock_page(page); } pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); /* End of range already reached? */ if (index > end || !index) break; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(clean_bdev_aliases); /* * Size is a power-of-two in the range 512..PAGE_SIZE, * and the case we care about most is PAGE_SIZE. * * So this *could* possibly be written with those * constraints in mind (relevant mostly if some * architecture has a slow bit-scan instruction) */ static inline int block_size_bits(unsigned int blocksize) { return ilog2(blocksize); } static struct buffer_head *create_page_buffers(struct page *page, struct inode *inode, unsigned int b_state) { BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) create_empty_buffers(page, 1 << READ_ONCE(inode->i_blkbits), b_state); return page_buffers(page); } /* * NOTE! All mapped/uptodate combinations are valid: * * Mapped Uptodate Meaning * * No No "unknown" - must do get_block() * No Yes "hole" - zero-filled * Yes No "allocated" - allocated on disk, not read in * Yes Yes "valid" - allocated and up-to-date in memory. * * "Dirty" is valid only with the last case (mapped+uptodate). */ /* * While block_write_full_page is writing back the dirty buffers under * the page lock, whoever dirtied the buffers may decide to clean them * again at any time. We handle that by only looking at the buffer * state inside lock_buffer(). * * If block_write_full_page() is called for regular writeback * (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE) then it will redirty a page which has a * locked buffer. This only can happen if someone has written the buffer * directly, with submit_bh(). At the address_space level PageWriteback * prevents this contention from occurring. * * If block_write_full_page() is called with wbc->sync_mode == * WB_SYNC_ALL, the writes are posted using REQ_SYNC; this * causes the writes to be flagged as synchronous writes. */ int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc, bh_end_io_t *handler) { int err; sector_t block; sector_t last_block; struct buffer_head *bh, *head; unsigned int blocksize, bbits; int nr_underway = 0; int write_flags = wbc_to_write_flags(wbc); head = create_page_buffers(page, inode, (1 << BH_Dirty)|(1 << BH_Uptodate)); /* * Be very careful. We have no exclusion from __set_page_dirty_buffers * here, and the (potentially unmapped) buffers may become dirty at * any time. If a buffer becomes dirty here after we've inspected it * then we just miss that fact, and the page stays dirty. * * Buffers outside i_size may be dirtied by __set_page_dirty_buffers; * handle that here by just cleaning them. */ bh = head; blocksize = bh->b_size; bbits = block_size_bits(blocksize); block = (sector_t)page->index << (PAGE_SHIFT - bbits); last_block = (i_size_read(inode) - 1) >> bbits; /* * Get all the dirty buffers mapped to disk addresses and * handle any aliases from the underlying blockdev's mapping. */ do { if (block > last_block) { /* * mapped buffers outside i_size will occur, because * this page can be outside i_size when there is a * truncate in progress. */ /* * The buffer was zeroed by block_write_full_page() */ clear_buffer_dirty(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } else if ((!buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_delay(bh)) && buffer_dirty(bh)) { WARN_ON(bh->b_size != blocksize); err = get_block(inode, block, bh, 1); if (err) goto recover; clear_buffer_delay(bh); if (buffer_new(bh)) { /* blockdev mappings never come here */ clear_buffer_new(bh); clean_bdev_bh_alias(bh); } } bh = bh->b_this_page; block++; } while (bh != head); do { if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) continue; /* * If it's a fully non-blocking write attempt and we cannot * lock the buffer then redirty the page. Note that this can * potentially cause a busy-wait loop from writeback threads * and kswapd activity, but those code paths have their own * higher-level throttling. */ if (wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_NONE) { lock_buffer(bh); } else if (!trylock_buffer(bh)) { redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page); continue; } if (test_clear_buffer_dirty(bh)) { mark_buffer_async_write_endio(bh, handler); } else { unlock_buffer(bh); } } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); /* * The page and its buffers are protected by PageWriteback(), so we can * drop the bh refcounts early. */ BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page)); set_page_writeback(page); do { struct buffer_head *next = bh->b_this_page; if (buffer_async_write(bh)) { submit_bh_wbc(REQ_OP_WRITE, write_flags, bh, inode->i_write_hint, wbc); nr_underway++; } bh = next; } while (bh != head); unlock_page(page); err = 0; done: if (nr_underway == 0) { /* * The page was marked dirty, but the buffers were * clean. Someone wrote them back by hand with * ll_rw_block/submit_bh. A rare case. */ end_page_writeback(page); /* * The page and buffer_heads can be released at any time from * here on. */ } return err; recover: /* * ENOSPC, or some other error. We may already have added some * blocks to the file, so we need to write these out to avoid * exposing stale data. * The page is currently locked and not marked for writeback */ bh = head; /* Recovery: lock and submit the mapped buffers */ do { if (buffer_mapped(bh) && buffer_dirty(bh) && !buffer_delay(bh)) { lock_buffer(bh); mark_buffer_async_write_endio(bh, handler); } else { /* * The buffer may have been set dirty during * attachment to a dirty page. */ clear_buffer_dirty(bh); } } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); SetPageError(page); BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page)); mapping_set_error(page->mapping, err); set_page_writeback(page); do { struct buffer_head *next = bh->b_this_page; if (buffer_async_write(bh)) { clear_buffer_dirty(bh); submit_bh_wbc(REQ_OP_WRITE, write_flags, bh, inode->i_write_hint, wbc); nr_underway++; } bh = next; } while (bh != head); unlock_page(page); goto done; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__block_write_full_page); /* * If a page has any new buffers, zero them out here, and mark them uptodate * and dirty so they'll be written out (in order to prevent uninitialised * block data from leaking). And clear the new bit. */ void page_zero_new_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to) { unsigned int block_start, block_end; struct buffer_head *head, *bh; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) return; bh = head = page_buffers(page); block_start = 0; do { block_end = block_start + bh->b_size; if (buffer_new(bh)) { if (block_end > from && block_start < to) { if (!PageUptodate(page)) { unsigned start, size; start = max(from, block_start); size = min(to, block_end) - start; zero_user(page, start, size); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } clear_buffer_new(bh); mark_buffer_dirty(bh); } } block_start = block_end; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_zero_new_buffers); static void iomap_to_bh(struct inode *inode, sector_t block, struct buffer_head *bh, struct iomap *iomap) { loff_t offset = block << inode->i_blkbits; bh->b_bdev = iomap->bdev; /* * Block points to offset in file we need to map, iomap contains * the offset at which the map starts. If the map ends before the * current block, then do not map the buffer and let the caller * handle it. */ BUG_ON(offset >= iomap->offset + iomap->length); switch (iomap->type) { case IOMAP_HOLE: /* * If the buffer is not up to date or beyond the current EOF, * we need to mark it as new to ensure sub-block zeroing is * executed if necessary. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) || (offset >= i_size_read(inode))) set_buffer_new(bh); break; case IOMAP_DELALLOC: if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) || (offset >= i_size_read(inode))) set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); set_buffer_mapped(bh); set_buffer_delay(bh); break; case IOMAP_UNWRITTEN: /* * For unwritten regions, we always need to ensure that regions * in the block we are not writing to are zeroed. Mark the * buffer as new to ensure this. */ set_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_unwritten(bh); fallthrough; case IOMAP_MAPPED: if ((iomap->flags & IOMAP_F_NEW) || offset >= i_size_read(inode)) set_buffer_new(bh); bh->b_blocknr = (iomap->addr + offset - iomap->offset) >> inode->i_blkbits; set_buffer_mapped(bh); break; } } int __block_write_begin_int(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block, struct iomap *iomap) { unsigned from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); unsigned to = from + len; struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; unsigned block_start, block_end; sector_t block; int err = 0; unsigned blocksize, bbits; struct buffer_head *bh, *head, *wait[2], **wait_bh=wait; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(from > PAGE_SIZE); BUG_ON(to > PAGE_SIZE); BUG_ON(from > to); head = create_page_buffers(page, inode, 0); blocksize = head->b_size; bbits = block_size_bits(blocksize); block = (sector_t)page->index << (PAGE_SHIFT - bbits); for(bh = head, block_start = 0; bh != head || !block_start; block++, block_start=block_end, bh = bh->b_this_page) { block_end = block_start + blocksize; if (block_end <= from || block_start >= to) { if (PageUptodate(page)) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } continue; } if (buffer_new(bh)) clear_buffer_new(bh); if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { WARN_ON(bh->b_size != blocksize); if (get_block) { err = get_block(inode, block, bh, 1); if (err) break; } else { iomap_to_bh(inode, block, bh, iomap); } if (buffer_new(bh)) { clean_bdev_bh_alias(bh); if (PageUptodate(page)) { clear_buffer_new(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); mark_buffer_dirty(bh); continue; } if (block_end > to || block_start < from) zero_user_segments(page, to, block_end, block_start, from); continue; } } if (PageUptodate(page)) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); continue; } if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && !buffer_delay(bh) && !buffer_unwritten(bh) && (block_start < from || block_end > to)) { ll_rw_block(REQ_OP_READ, 0, 1, &bh); *wait_bh++=bh; } } /* * If we issued read requests - let them complete. */ while(wait_bh > wait) { wait_on_buffer(*--wait_bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(*wait_bh)) err = -EIO; } if (unlikely(err)) page_zero_new_buffers(page, from, to); return err; } int __block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block) { return __block_write_begin_int(page, pos, len, get_block, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__block_write_begin); static int __block_commit_write(struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to) { unsigned block_start, block_end; int partial = 0; unsigned blocksize; struct buffer_head *bh, *head; bh = head = page_buffers(page); blocksize = bh->b_size; block_start = 0; do { block_end = block_start + blocksize; if (block_end <= from || block_start >= to) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) partial = 1; } else { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); mark_buffer_dirty(bh); } clear_buffer_new(bh); block_start = block_end; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); /* * If this is a partial write which happened to make all buffers * uptodate then we can optimize away a bogus readpage() for * the next read(). Here we 'discover' whether the page went * uptodate as a result of this (potentially partial) write. */ if (!partial) SetPageUptodate(page); return 0; } /* * block_write_begin takes care of the basic task of block allocation and * bringing partial write blocks uptodate first. * * The filesystem needs to handle block truncation upon failure. */ int block_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, get_block_t *get_block) { pgoff_t index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; struct page *page; int status; page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, index, flags); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; status = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, get_block); if (unlikely(status)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); page = NULL; } *pagep = page; return status; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_write_begin); int block_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; unsigned start; start = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); if (unlikely(copied < len)) { /* * The buffers that were written will now be uptodate, so we * don't have to worry about a readpage reading them and * overwriting a partial write. However if we have encountered * a short write and only partially written into a buffer, it * will not be marked uptodate, so a readpage might come in and * destroy our partial write. * * Do the simplest thing, and just treat any short write to a * non uptodate page as a zero-length write, and force the * caller to redo the whole thing. */ if (!PageUptodate(page)) copied = 0; page_zero_new_buffers(page, start+copied, start+len); } flush_dcache_page(page); /* This could be a short (even 0-length) commit */ __block_commit_write(inode, page, start, start+copied); return copied; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_write_end); int generic_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t old_size = inode->i_size; bool i_size_changed = false; copied = block_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); /* * No need to use i_size_read() here, the i_size cannot change under us * because we hold i_rwsem. * * But it's important to update i_size while still holding page lock: * page writeout could otherwise come in and zero beyond i_size. */ if (pos + copied > inode->i_size) { i_size_write(inode, pos + copied); i_size_changed = true; } unlock_page(page); put_page(page); if (old_size < pos) pagecache_isize_extended(inode, old_size, pos); /* * Don't mark the inode dirty under page lock. First, it unnecessarily * makes the holding time of page lock longer. Second, it forces lock * ordering of page lock and transaction start for journaling * filesystems. */ if (i_size_changed) mark_inode_dirty(inode); return copied; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_write_end); /* * block_is_partially_uptodate checks whether buffers within a page are * uptodate or not. * * Returns true if all buffers which correspond to a file portion * we want to read are uptodate. */ int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, unsigned long from, unsigned long count) { unsigned block_start, block_end, blocksize; unsigned to; struct buffer_head *bh, *head; int ret = 1; if (!page_has_buffers(page)) return 0; head = page_buffers(page); blocksize = head->b_size; to = min_t(unsigned, PAGE_SIZE - from, count); to = from + to; if (from < blocksize && to > PAGE_SIZE - blocksize) return 0; bh = head; block_start = 0; do { block_end = block_start + blocksize; if (block_end > from && block_start < to) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { ret = 0; break; } if (block_end >= to) break; } block_start = block_end; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_is_partially_uptodate); /* * Generic "read page" function for block devices that have the normal * get_block functionality. This is most of the block device filesystems. * Reads the page asynchronously --- the unlock_buffer() and * set/clear_buffer_uptodate() functions propagate buffer state into the * page struct once IO has completed. */ int block_read_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block) { struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; sector_t iblock, lblock; struct buffer_head *bh, *head, *arr[MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE]; unsigned int blocksize, bbits; int nr, i; int fully_mapped = 1; head = create_page_buffers(page, inode, 0); blocksize = head->b_size; bbits = block_size_bits(blocksize); iblock = (sector_t)page->index << (PAGE_SHIFT - bbits); lblock = (i_size_read(inode)+blocksize-1) >> bbits; bh = head; nr = 0; i = 0; do { if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) continue; if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { int err = 0; fully_mapped = 0; if (iblock < lblock) { WARN_ON(bh->b_size != blocksize); err = get_block(inode, iblock, bh, 0); if (err) SetPageError(page); } if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { zero_user(page, i * blocksize, blocksize); if (!err) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); continue; } /* * get_block() might have updated the buffer * synchronously */ if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) continue; } arr[nr++] = bh; } while (i++, iblock++, (bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); if (fully_mapped) SetPageMappedToDisk(page); if (!nr) { /* * All buffers are uptodate - we can set the page uptodate * as well. But not if get_block() returned an error. */ if (!PageError(page)) SetPageUptodate(page); unlock_page(page); return 0; } /* Stage two: lock the buffers */ for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) { bh = arr[i]; lock_buffer(bh); mark_buffer_async_read(bh); } /* * Stage 3: start the IO. Check for uptodateness * inside the buffer lock in case another process reading * the underlying blockdev brought it uptodate (the sct fix). */ for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) { bh = arr[i]; if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) end_buffer_async_read(bh, 1); else submit_bh(REQ_OP_READ, 0, bh); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_read_full_page); /* utility function for filesystems that need to do work on expanding * truncates. Uses filesystem pagecache writes to allow the filesystem to * deal with the hole. */ int generic_cont_expand_simple(struct inode *inode, loff_t size) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; struct page *page; void *fsdata; int err; err = inode_newsize_ok(inode, size); if (err) goto out; err = pagecache_write_begin(NULL, mapping, size, 0, AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND, &page, &fsdata); if (err) goto out; err = pagecache_write_end(NULL, mapping, size, 0, 0, page, fsdata); BUG_ON(err > 0); out: return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_cont_expand_simple); static int cont_expand_zero(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, loff_t *bytes) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; unsigned int blocksize = i_blocksize(inode); struct page *page; void *fsdata; pgoff_t index, curidx; loff_t curpos; unsigned zerofrom, offset, len; int err = 0; index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; offset = pos & ~PAGE_MASK; while (index > (curidx = (curpos = *bytes)>>PAGE_SHIFT)) { zerofrom = curpos & ~PAGE_MASK; if (zerofrom & (blocksize-1)) { *bytes |= (blocksize-1); (*bytes)++; } len = PAGE_SIZE - zerofrom; err = pagecache_write_begin(file, mapping, curpos, len, 0, &page, &fsdata); if (err) goto out; zero_user(page, zerofrom, len); err = pagecache_write_end(file, mapping, curpos, len, len, page, fsdata); if (err < 0) goto out; BUG_ON(err != len); err = 0; balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { err = -EINTR; goto out; } } /* page covers the boundary, find the boundary offset */ if (index == curidx) { zerofrom = curpos & ~PAGE_MASK; /* if we will expand the thing last block will be filled */ if (offset <= zerofrom) { goto out; } if (zerofrom & (blocksize-1)) { *bytes |= (blocksize-1); (*bytes)++; } len = offset - zerofrom; err = pagecache_write_begin(file, mapping, curpos, len, 0, &page, &fsdata); if (err) goto out; zero_user(page, zerofrom, len); err = pagecache_write_end(file, mapping, curpos, len, len, page, fsdata); if (err < 0) goto out; BUG_ON(err != len); err = 0; } out: return err; } /* * For moronic filesystems that do not allow holes in file. * We may have to extend the file. */ int cont_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata, get_block_t *get_block, loff_t *bytes) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; unsigned int blocksize = i_blocksize(inode); unsigned int zerofrom; int err; err = cont_expand_zero(file, mapping, pos, bytes); if (err) return err; zerofrom = *bytes & ~PAGE_MASK; if (pos+len > *bytes && zerofrom & (blocksize-1)) { *bytes |= (blocksize-1); (*bytes)++; } return block_write_begin(mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep, get_block); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(cont_write_begin); int block_commit_write(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to) { struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; __block_commit_write(inode,page,from,to); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_commit_write); /* * block_page_mkwrite() is not allowed to change the file size as it gets * called from a page fault handler when a page is first dirtied. Hence we must * be careful to check for EOF conditions here. We set the page up correctly * for a written page which means we get ENOSPC checking when writing into * holes and correct delalloc and unwritten extent mapping on filesystems that * support these features. * * We are not allowed to take the i_mutex here so we have to play games to * protect against truncate races as the page could now be beyond EOF. Because * truncate writes the inode size before removing pages, once we have the * page lock we can determine safely if the page is beyond EOF. If it is not * beyond EOF, then the page is guaranteed safe against truncation until we * unlock the page. * * Direct callers of this function should protect against filesystem freezing * using sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() functions. */ int block_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf, get_block_t get_block) { struct page *page = vmf->page; struct inode *inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); unsigned long end; loff_t size; int ret; lock_page(page); size = i_size_read(inode); if ((page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) || (page_offset(page) > size)) { /* We overload EFAULT to mean page got truncated */ ret = -EFAULT; goto out_unlock; } /* page is wholly or partially inside EOF */ if (((page->index + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) > size) end = size & ~PAGE_MASK; else end = PAGE_SIZE; ret = __block_write_begin(page, 0, end, get_block); if (!ret) ret = block_commit_write(page, 0, end); if (unlikely(ret < 0)) goto out_unlock; set_page_dirty(page); wait_for_stable_page(page); return 0; out_unlock: unlock_page(page); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_page_mkwrite); /* * nobh_write_begin()'s prereads are special: the buffer_heads are freed * immediately, while under the page lock. So it needs a special end_io * handler which does not touch the bh after unlocking it. */ static void end_buffer_read_nobh(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { __end_buffer_read_notouch(bh, uptodate); } /* * Attach the singly-linked list of buffers created by nobh_write_begin, to * the page (converting it to circular linked list and taking care of page * dirty races). */ static void attach_nobh_buffers(struct page *page, struct buffer_head *head) { struct buffer_head *bh; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); spin_lock(&page->mapping->private_lock); bh = head; do { if (PageDirty(page)) set_buffer_dirty(bh); if (!bh->b_this_page) bh->b_this_page = head; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); attach_page_private(page, head); spin_unlock(&page->mapping->private_lock); } /* * On entry, the page is fully not uptodate. * On exit the page is fully uptodate in the areas outside (from,to) * The filesystem needs to handle block truncation upon failure. */ int nobh_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata, get_block_t *get_block) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; const unsigned blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; const unsigned blocksize = 1 << blkbits; struct buffer_head *head, *bh; struct page *page; pgoff_t index; unsigned from, to; unsigned block_in_page; unsigned block_start, block_end; sector_t block_in_file; int nr_reads = 0; int ret = 0; int is_mapped_to_disk = 1; index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; from = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); to = from + len; page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, index, flags); if (!page) return -ENOMEM; *pagep = page; *fsdata = NULL; if (page_has_buffers(page)) { ret = __block_write_begin(page, pos, len, get_block); if (unlikely(ret)) goto out_release; return ret; } if (PageMappedToDisk(page)) return 0; /* * Allocate buffers so that we can keep track of state, and potentially * attach them to the page if an error occurs. In the common case of * no error, they will just be freed again without ever being attached * to the page (which is all OK, because we're under the page lock). * * Be careful: the buffer linked list is a NULL terminated one, rather * than the circular one we're used to. */ head = alloc_page_buffers(page, blocksize, false); if (!head) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out_release; } block_in_file = (sector_t)page->index << (PAGE_SHIFT - blkbits); /* * We loop across all blocks in the page, whether or not they are * part of the affected region. This is so we can discover if the * page is fully mapped-to-disk. */ for (block_start = 0, block_in_page = 0, bh = head; block_start < PAGE_SIZE; block_in_page++, block_start += blocksize, bh = bh->b_this_page) { int create; block_end = block_start + blocksize; bh->b_state = 0; create = 1; if (block_start >= to) create = 0; ret = get_block(inode, block_in_file + block_in_page, bh, create); if (ret) goto failed; if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) is_mapped_to_disk = 0; if (buffer_new(bh)) clean_bdev_bh_alias(bh); if (PageUptodate(page)) { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); continue; } if (buffer_new(bh) || !buffer_mapped(bh)) { zero_user_segments(page, block_start, from, to, block_end); continue; } if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) continue; /* reiserfs does this */ if (block_start < from || block_end > to) { lock_buffer(bh); bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_nobh; submit_bh(REQ_OP_READ, 0, bh); nr_reads++; } } if (nr_reads) { /* * The page is locked, so these buffers are protected from * any VM or truncate activity. Hence we don't need to care * for the buffer_head refcounts. */ for (bh = head; bh; bh = bh->b_this_page) { wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) ret = -EIO; } if (ret) goto failed; } if (is_mapped_to_disk) SetPageMappedToDisk(page); *fsdata = head; /* to be released by nobh_write_end */ return 0; failed: BUG_ON(!ret); /* * Error recovery is a bit difficult. We need to zero out blocks that * were newly allocated, and dirty them to ensure they get written out. * Buffers need to be attached to the page at this point, otherwise * the handling of potential IO errors during writeout would be hard * (could try doing synchronous writeout, but what if that fails too?) */ attach_nobh_buffers(page, head); page_zero_new_buffers(page, from, to); out_release: unlock_page(page); put_page(page); *pagep = NULL; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(nobh_write_begin); int nobh_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host; struct buffer_head *head = fsdata; struct buffer_head *bh; BUG_ON(fsdata != NULL && page_has_buffers(page)); if (unlikely(copied < len) && head) attach_nobh_buffers(page, head); if (page_has_buffers(page)) return generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); SetPageUptodate(page); set_page_dirty(page); if (pos+copied > inode->i_size) { i_size_write(inode, pos+copied); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } unlock_page(page); put_page(page); while (head) { bh = head; head = head->b_this_page; free_buffer_head(bh); } return copied; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(nobh_write_end); /* * nobh_writepage() - based on block_full_write_page() except * that it tries to operate without attaching bufferheads to * the page. */ int nobh_writepage(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc) { struct inode * const inode = page->mapping->host; loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode); const pgoff_t end_index = i_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned offset; int ret; /* Is the page fully inside i_size? */ if (page->index < end_index) goto out; /* Is the page fully outside i_size? (truncate in progress) */ offset = i_size & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (page->index >= end_index+1 || !offset) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* don't care */ } /* * The page straddles i_size. It must be zeroed out on each and every * writepage invocation because it may be mmapped. "A file is mapped * in multiples of the page size. For a file that is not a multiple of * the page size, the remaining memory is zeroed when mapped, and * writes to that region are not written out to the file." */ zero_user_segment(page, offset, PAGE_SIZE); out: ret = mpage_writepage(page, get_block, wbc); if (ret == -EAGAIN) ret = __block_write_full_page(inode, page, get_block, wbc, end_buffer_async_write); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(nobh_writepage); int nobh_truncate_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from, get_block_t *get_block) { pgoff_t index = from >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned blocksize; sector_t iblock; unsigned length, pos; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct page *page; struct buffer_head map_bh; int err; blocksize = i_blocksize(inode); length = offset & (blocksize - 1); /* Block boundary? Nothing to do */ if (!length) return 0; length = blocksize - length; iblock = (sector_t)index << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits); page = grab_cache_page(mapping, index); err = -ENOMEM; if (!page) goto out; if (page_has_buffers(page)) { has_buffers: unlock_page(page); put_page(page); return block_truncate_page(mapping, from, get_block); } /* Find the buffer that contains "offset" */ pos = blocksize; while (offset >= pos) { iblock++; pos += blocksize; } map_bh.b_size = blocksize; map_bh.b_state = 0; err = get_block(inode, iblock, &map_bh, 0); if (err) goto unlock; /* unmapped? It's a hole - nothing to do */ if (!buffer_mapped(&map_bh)) goto unlock; /* Ok, it's mapped. Make sure it's up-to-date */ if (!PageUptodate(page)) { err = mapping->a_ops->readpage(NULL, page); if (err) { put_page(page); goto out; } lock_page(page); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { err = -EIO; goto unlock; } if (page_has_buffers(page)) goto has_buffers; } zero_user(page, offset, length); set_page_dirty(page); err = 0; unlock: unlock_page(page); put_page(page); out: return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(nobh_truncate_page); int block_truncate_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from, get_block_t *get_block) { pgoff_t index = from >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned offset = from & (PAGE_SIZE-1); unsigned blocksize; sector_t iblock; unsigned length, pos; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct page *page; struct buffer_head *bh; int err; blocksize = i_blocksize(inode); length = offset & (blocksize - 1); /* Block boundary? Nothing to do */ if (!length) return 0; length = blocksize - length; iblock = (sector_t)index << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits); page = grab_cache_page(mapping, index); err = -ENOMEM; if (!page) goto out; if (!page_has_buffers(page)) create_empty_buffers(page, blocksize, 0); /* Find the buffer that contains "offset" */ bh = page_buffers(page); pos = blocksize; while (offset >= pos) { bh = bh->b_this_page; iblock++; pos += blocksize; } err = 0; if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { WARN_ON(bh->b_size != blocksize); err = get_block(inode, iblock, bh, 0); if (err) goto unlock; /* unmapped? It's a hole - nothing to do */ if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) goto unlock; } /* Ok, it's mapped. Make sure it's up-to-date */ if (PageUptodate(page)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && !buffer_delay(bh) && !buffer_unwritten(bh)) { err = -EIO; ll_rw_block(REQ_OP_READ, 0, 1, &bh); wait_on_buffer(bh); /* Uhhuh. Read error. Complain and punt. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) goto unlock; } zero_user(page, offset, length); mark_buffer_dirty(bh); err = 0; unlock: unlock_page(page); put_page(page); out: return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_truncate_page); /* * The generic ->writepage function for buffer-backed address_spaces */ int block_write_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc) { struct inode * const inode = page->mapping->host; loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode); const pgoff_t end_index = i_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned offset; /* Is the page fully inside i_size? */ if (page->index < end_index) return __block_write_full_page(inode, page, get_block, wbc, end_buffer_async_write); /* Is the page fully outside i_size? (truncate in progress) */ offset = i_size & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (page->index >= end_index+1 || !offset) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* don't care */ } /* * The page straddles i_size. It must be zeroed out on each and every * writepage invocation because it may be mmapped. "A file is mapped * in multiples of the page size. For a file that is not a multiple of * the page size, the remaining memory is zeroed when mapped, and * writes to that region are not written out to the file." */ zero_user_segment(page, offset, PAGE_SIZE); return __block_write_full_page(inode, page, get_block, wbc, end_buffer_async_write); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_write_full_page); sector_t generic_block_bmap(struct address_space *mapping, sector_t block, get_block_t *get_block) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct buffer_head tmp = { .b_size = i_blocksize(inode), }; get_block(inode, block, &tmp, 0); return tmp.b_blocknr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_block_bmap); static void end_bio_bh_io_sync(struct bio *bio) { struct buffer_head *bh = bio->bi_private; if (unlikely(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_QUIET))) set_bit(BH_Quiet, &bh->b_state); bh->b_end_io(bh, !bio->bi_status); bio_put(bio); } static int submit_bh_wbc(int op, int op_flags, struct buffer_head *bh, enum rw_hint write_hint, struct writeback_control *wbc) { struct bio *bio; BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(bh)); BUG_ON(!buffer_mapped(bh)); BUG_ON(!bh->b_end_io); BUG_ON(buffer_delay(bh)); BUG_ON(buffer_unwritten(bh)); /* * Only clear out a write error when rewriting */ if (test_set_buffer_req(bh) && (op == REQ_OP_WRITE)) clear_buffer_write_io_error(bh); bio = bio_alloc(GFP_NOIO, 1); fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx_bh(bio, bh, GFP_NOIO); bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = bh->b_blocknr * (bh->b_size >> 9); bio_set_dev(bio, bh->b_bdev); bio->bi_write_hint = write_hint; bio_add_page(bio, bh->b_page, bh->b_size, bh_offset(bh)); BUG_ON(bio->bi_iter.bi_size != bh->b_size); bio->bi_end_io = end_bio_bh_io_sync; bio->bi_private = bh; if (buffer_meta(bh)) op_flags |= REQ_META; if (buffer_prio(bh)) op_flags |= REQ_PRIO; bio_set_op_attrs(bio, op, op_flags); /* Take care of bh's that straddle the end of the device */ guard_bio_eod(bio); if (wbc) { wbc_init_bio(wbc, bio); wbc_account_cgroup_owner(wbc, bh->b_page, bh->b_size); } submit_bio(bio); return 0; } int submit_bh(int op, int op_flags, struct buffer_head *bh) { return submit_bh_wbc(op, op_flags, bh, 0, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bh); /** * ll_rw_block: low-level access to block devices (DEPRECATED) * @op: whether to %READ or %WRITE * @op_flags: req_flag_bits * @nr: number of &struct buffer_heads in the array * @bhs: array of pointers to &struct buffer_head * * ll_rw_block() takes an array of pointers to &struct buffer_heads, and * requests an I/O operation on them, either a %REQ_OP_READ or a %REQ_OP_WRITE. * @op_flags contains flags modifying the detailed I/O behavior, most notably * %REQ_RAHEAD. * * This function drops any buffer that it cannot get a lock on (with the * BH_Lock state bit), any buffer that appears to be clean when doing a write * request, and any buffer that appears to be up-to-date when doing read * request. Further it marks as clean buffers that are processed for * writing (the buffer cache won't assume that they are actually clean * until the buffer gets unlocked). * * ll_rw_block sets b_end_io to simple completion handler that marks * the buffer up-to-date (if appropriate), unlocks the buffer and wakes * any waiters. * * All of the buffers must be for the same device, and must also be a * multiple of the current approved size for the device. */ void ll_rw_block(int op, int op_flags, int nr, struct buffer_head *bhs[]) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) { struct buffer_head *bh = bhs[i]; if (!trylock_buffer(bh)) continue; if (op == WRITE) { if (test_clear_buffer_dirty(bh)) { bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync; get_bh(bh); submit_bh(op, op_flags, bh); continue; } } else { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_sync; get_bh(bh); submit_bh(op, op_flags, bh); continue; } } unlock_buffer(bh); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ll_rw_block); void write_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags) { lock_buffer(bh); if (!test_clear_buffer_dirty(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return; } bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync; get_bh(bh); submit_bh(REQ_OP_WRITE, op_flags, bh); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(write_dirty_buffer); /* * For a data-integrity writeout, we need to wait upon any in-progress I/O * and then start new I/O and then wait upon it. The caller must have a ref on * the buffer_head. */ int __sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags) { int ret = 0; WARN_ON(atomic_read(&bh->b_count) < 1); lock_buffer(bh); if (test_clear_buffer_dirty(bh)) { /* * The bh should be mapped, but it might not be if the * device was hot-removed. Not much we can do but fail the I/O. */ if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return -EIO; } get_bh(bh); bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync; ret = submit_bh(REQ_OP_WRITE, op_flags, bh); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!ret && !buffer_uptodate(bh)) ret = -EIO; } else { unlock_buffer(bh); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sync_dirty_buffer); int sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { return __sync_dirty_buffer(bh, REQ_SYNC); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_dirty_buffer); /* * try_to_free_buffers() checks if all the buffers on this particular page * are unused, and releases them if so. * * Exclusion against try_to_free_buffers may be obtained by either * locking the page or by holding its mapping's private_lock. * * If the page is dirty but all the buffers are clean then we need to * be sure to mark the page clean as well. This is because the page * may be against a block device, and a later reattachment of buffers * to a dirty page will set *all* buffers dirty. Which would corrupt * filesystem data on the same device. * * The same applies to regular filesystem pages: if all the buffers are * clean then we set the page clean and proceed. To do that, we require * total exclusion from __set_page_dirty_buffers(). That is obtained with * private_lock. * * try_to_free_buffers() is non-blocking. */ static inline int buffer_busy(struct buffer_head *bh) { return atomic_read(&bh->b_count) | (bh->b_state & ((1 << BH_Dirty) | (1 << BH_Lock))); } static int drop_buffers(struct page *page, struct buffer_head **buffers_to_free) { struct buffer_head *head = page_buffers(page); struct buffer_head *bh; bh = head; do { if (buffer_busy(bh)) goto failed; bh = bh->b_this_page; } while (bh != head); do { struct buffer_head *next = bh->b_this_page; if (bh->b_assoc_map) __remove_assoc_queue(bh); bh = next; } while (bh != head); *buffers_to_free = head; detach_page_private(page); return 1; failed: return 0; } int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *page) { struct address_space * const mapping = page->mapping; struct buffer_head *buffers_to_free = NULL; int ret = 0; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (PageWriteback(page)) return 0; if (mapping == NULL) { /* can this still happen? */ ret = drop_buffers(page, &buffers_to_free); goto out; } spin_lock(&mapping->private_lock); ret = drop_buffers(page, &buffers_to_free); /* * If the filesystem writes its buffers by hand (eg ext3) * then we can have clean buffers against a dirty page. We * clean the page here; otherwise the VM will never notice * that the filesystem did any IO at all. * * Also, during truncate, discard_buffer will have marked all * the page's buffers clean. We discover that here and clean * the page also. * * private_lock must be held over this entire operation in order * to synchronise against __set_page_dirty_buffers and prevent the * dirty bit from being lost. */ if (ret) cancel_dirty_page(page); spin_unlock(&mapping->private_lock); out: if (buffers_to_free) { struct buffer_head *bh = buffers_to_free; do { struct buffer_head *next = bh->b_this_page; free_buffer_head(bh); bh = next; } while (bh != buffers_to_free); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_free_buffers); /* * There are no bdflush tunables left. But distributions are * still running obsolete flush daemons, so we terminate them here. * * Use of bdflush() is deprecated and will be removed in a future kernel. * The `flush-X' kernel threads fully replace bdflush daemons and this call. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(bdflush, int, func, long, data) { static int msg_count; if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (msg_count < 5) { msg_count++; printk(KERN_INFO "warning: process `%s' used the obsolete bdflush" " system call\n", current->comm); printk(KERN_INFO "Fix your initscripts?\n"); } if (func == 1) do_exit(0); return 0; } /* * Buffer-head allocation */ static struct kmem_cache *bh_cachep __read_mostly; /* * Once the number of bh's in the machine exceeds this level, we start * stripping them in writeback. */ static unsigned long max_buffer_heads; int buffer_heads_over_limit; struct bh_accounting { int nr; /* Number of live bh's */ int ratelimit; /* Limit cacheline bouncing */ }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct bh_accounting, bh_accounting) = {0, 0}; static void recalc_bh_state(void) { int i; int tot = 0; if (__this_cpu_inc_return(bh_accounting.ratelimit) - 1 < 4096) return; __this_cpu_write(bh_accounting.ratelimit, 0); for_each_online_cpu(i) tot += per_cpu(bh_accounting, i).nr; buffer_heads_over_limit = (tot > max_buffer_heads); } struct buffer_head *alloc_buffer_head(gfp_t gfp_flags) { struct buffer_head *ret = kmem_cache_zalloc(bh_cachep, gfp_flags); if (ret) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ret->b_assoc_buffers); spin_lock_init(&ret->b_uptodate_lock); preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_inc(bh_accounting.nr); recalc_bh_state(); preempt_enable(); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_buffer_head); void free_buffer_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { BUG_ON(!list_empty(&bh->b_assoc_buffers)); kmem_cache_free(bh_cachep, bh); preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_dec(bh_accounting.nr); recalc_bh_state(); preempt_enable(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_buffer_head); static int buffer_exit_cpu_dead(unsigned int cpu) { int i; struct bh_lru *b = &per_cpu(bh_lrus, cpu); for (i = 0; i < BH_LRU_SIZE; i++) { brelse(b->bhs[i]); b->bhs[i] = NULL; } this_cpu_add(bh_accounting.nr, per_cpu(bh_accounting, cpu).nr); per_cpu(bh_accounting, cpu).nr = 0; return 0; } /** * bh_uptodate_or_lock - Test whether the buffer is uptodate * @bh: struct buffer_head * * Return true if the buffer is up-to-date and false, * with the buffer locked, if not. */ int bh_uptodate_or_lock(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { lock_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) return 0; unlock_buffer(bh); } return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bh_uptodate_or_lock); /** * bh_submit_read - Submit a locked buffer for reading * @bh: struct buffer_head * * Returns zero on success and -EIO on error. */ int bh_submit_read(struct buffer_head *bh) { BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(bh)); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return 0; } get_bh(bh); bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_sync; submit_bh(REQ_OP_READ, 0, bh); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) return 0; return -EIO; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bh_submit_read); void __init buffer_init(void) { unsigned long nrpages; int ret; bh_cachep = kmem_cache_create("buffer_head", sizeof(struct buffer_head), 0, (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|SLAB_PANIC| SLAB_MEM_SPREAD), NULL); /* * Limit the bh occupancy to 10% of ZONE_NORMAL */ nrpages = (nr_free_buffer_pages() * 10) / 100; max_buffer_heads = nrpages * (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct buffer_head)); ret = cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_FS_BUFF_DEAD, "fs/buffer:dead", NULL, buffer_exit_cpu_dead); WARN_ON(ret < 0); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* interrupt.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_INTERRUPT_H #define _LINUX_INTERRUPT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/irqreturn.h> #include <linux/irqnr.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/ptrace.h> #include <asm/irq.h> #include <asm/sections.h> /* * These correspond to the IORESOURCE_IRQ_* defines in * linux/ioport.h to select the interrupt line behaviour. When * requesting an interrupt without specifying a IRQF_TRIGGER, the * setting should be assumed to be "as already configured", which * may be as per machine or firmware initialisation. */ #define IRQF_TRIGGER_NONE 0x00000000 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING 0x00000001 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING 0x00000002 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH 0x00000004 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW 0x00000008 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK (IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH | IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW | \ IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING | IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING) #define IRQF_TRIGGER_PROBE 0x00000010 /* * These flags used only by the kernel as part of the * irq handling routines. * * IRQF_SHARED - allow sharing the irq among several devices * IRQF_PROBE_SHARED - set by callers when they expect sharing mismatches to occur * IRQF_TIMER - Flag to mark this interrupt as timer interrupt * IRQF_PERCPU - Interrupt is per cpu * IRQF_NOBALANCING - Flag to exclude this interrupt from irq balancing * IRQF_IRQPOLL - Interrupt is used for polling (only the interrupt that is * registered first in a shared interrupt is considered for * performance reasons) * IRQF_ONESHOT - Interrupt is not reenabled after the hardirq handler finished. * Used by threaded interrupts which need to keep the * irq line disabled until the threaded handler has been run. * IRQF_NO_SUSPEND - Do not disable this IRQ during suspend. Does not guarantee * that this interrupt will wake the system from a suspended * state. See Documentation/power/suspend-and-interrupts.rst * IRQF_FORCE_RESUME - Force enable it on resume even if IRQF_NO_SUSPEND is set * IRQF_NO_THREAD - Interrupt cannot be threaded * IRQF_EARLY_RESUME - Resume IRQ early during syscore instead of at device * resume time. * IRQF_COND_SUSPEND - If the IRQ is shared with a NO_SUSPEND user, execute this * interrupt handler after suspending interrupts. For system * wakeup devices users need to implement wakeup detection in * their interrupt handlers. */ #define IRQF_SHARED 0x00000080 #define IRQF_PROBE_SHARED 0x00000100 #define __IRQF_TIMER 0x00000200 #define IRQF_PERCPU 0x00000400 #define IRQF_NOBALANCING 0x00000800 #define IRQF_IRQPOLL 0x00001000 #define IRQF_ONESHOT 0x00002000 #define IRQF_NO_SUSPEND 0x00004000 #define IRQF_FORCE_RESUME 0x00008000 #define IRQF_NO_THREAD 0x00010000 #define IRQF_EARLY_RESUME 0x00020000 #define IRQF_COND_SUSPEND 0x00040000 #define IRQF_TIMER (__IRQF_TIMER | IRQF_NO_SUSPEND | IRQF_NO_THREAD) /* * These values can be returned by request_any_context_irq() and * describe the context the interrupt will be run in. * * IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ - interrupt runs in hardirq context * IRQC_IS_NESTED - interrupt runs in a nested threaded context */ enum { IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ = 0, IRQC_IS_NESTED, }; typedef irqreturn_t (*irq_handler_t)(int, void *); /** * struct irqaction - per interrupt action descriptor * @handler: interrupt handler function * @name: name of the device * @dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @percpu_dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @next: pointer to the next irqaction for shared interrupts * @irq: interrupt number * @flags: flags (see IRQF_* above) * @thread_fn: interrupt handler function for threaded interrupts * @thread: thread pointer for threaded interrupts * @secondary: pointer to secondary irqaction (force threading) * @thread_flags: flags related to @thread * @thread_mask: bitmask for keeping track of @thread activity * @dir: pointer to the proc/irq/NN/name entry */ struct irqaction { irq_handler_t handler; void *dev_id; void __percpu *percpu_dev_id; struct irqaction *next; irq_handler_t thread_fn; struct task_struct *thread; struct irqaction *secondary; unsigned int irq; unsigned int flags; unsigned long thread_flags; unsigned long thread_mask; const char *name; struct proc_dir_entry *dir; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; extern irqreturn_t no_action(int cpl, void *dev_id); /* * If a (PCI) device interrupt is not connected we set dev->irq to * IRQ_NOTCONNECTED. This causes request_irq() to fail with -ENOTCONN, so we * can distingiush that case from other error returns. * * 0x80000000 is guaranteed to be outside the available range of interrupts * and easy to distinguish from other possible incorrect values. */ #define IRQ_NOTCONNECTED (1U << 31) extern int __must_check request_threaded_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); /** * request_irq - Add a handler for an interrupt line * @irq: The interrupt line to allocate * @handler: Function to be called when the IRQ occurs. * Primary handler for threaded interrupts * If NULL, the default primary handler is installed * @flags: Handling flags * @name: Name of the device generating this interrupt * @dev: A cookie passed to the handler function * * This call allocates an interrupt and establishes a handler; see * the documentation for request_threaded_irq() for details. */ static inline int __must_check request_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev) { return request_threaded_irq(irq, handler, NULL, flags, name, dev); } extern int __must_check request_any_context_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev_id); extern int __must_check __request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); extern int __must_check request_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); static inline int __must_check request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id) { return __request_percpu_irq(irq, handler, 0, devname, percpu_dev_id); } extern int __must_check request_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *dev); extern const void *free_irq(unsigned int, void *); extern void free_percpu_irq(unsigned int, void __percpu *); extern const void *free_nmi(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void free_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); struct device; extern int __must_check devm_request_threaded_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); static inline int __must_check devm_request_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id) { return devm_request_threaded_irq(dev, irq, handler, NULL, irqflags, devname, dev_id); } extern int __must_check devm_request_any_context_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); extern void devm_free_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); /* * On lockdep we dont want to enable hardirqs in hardirq * context. Use local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() to annotate * kernel code that has to do this nevertheless (pretty much * the only valid case is for old/broken hardware that is * insanely slow). * * NOTE: in theory this might break fragile code that relies * on hardirq delivery - in practice we dont seem to have such * places left. So the only effect should be slightly increased * irqs-off latencies. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() do { } while (0) #else # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() local_irq_enable() #endif extern void disable_irq_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern bool disable_hardirq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern bool irq_percpu_is_enabled(unsigned int irq); extern void irq_wake_thread(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void disable_nmi_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern int prepare_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void teardown_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_inject_interrupt(unsigned int irq); /* The following three functions are for the core kernel use only. */ extern void suspend_device_irqs(void); extern void resume_device_irqs(void); extern void rearm_wake_irq(unsigned int irq); /** * struct irq_affinity_notify - context for notification of IRQ affinity changes * @irq: Interrupt to which notification applies * @kref: Reference count, for internal use * @work: Work item, for internal use * @notify: Function to be called on change. This will be * called in process context. * @release: Function to be called on release. This will be * called in process context. Once registered, the * structure must only be freed when this function is * called or later. */ struct irq_affinity_notify { unsigned int irq; struct kref kref; struct work_struct work; void (*notify)(struct irq_affinity_notify *, const cpumask_t *mask); void (*release)(struct kref *ref); }; #define IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS 4 /** * struct irq_affinity - Description for automatic irq affinity assignements * @pre_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @pre_vectors at beginning of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @post_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @post_vectors at end of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @nr_sets: The number of interrupt sets for which affinity * spreading is required * @set_size: Array holding the size of each interrupt set * @calc_sets: Callback for calculating the number and size * of interrupt sets * @priv: Private data for usage by @calc_sets, usually a * pointer to driver/device specific data. */ struct irq_affinity { unsigned int pre_vectors; unsigned int post_vectors; unsigned int nr_sets; unsigned int set_size[IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS]; void (*calc_sets)(struct irq_affinity *, unsigned int nvecs); void *priv; }; /** * struct irq_affinity_desc - Interrupt affinity descriptor * @mask: cpumask to hold the affinity assignment * @is_managed: 1 if the interrupt is managed internally */ struct irq_affinity_desc { struct cpumask mask; unsigned int is_managed : 1; }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) extern cpumask_var_t irq_default_affinity; /* Internal implementation. Use the helpers below */ extern int __irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask, bool force); /** * irq_set_affinity - Set the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Fails if cpumask does not contain an online CPU */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, false); } /** * irq_force_affinity - Force the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Same as irq_set_affinity, but without checking the mask against * online cpus. * * Solely for low level cpu hotplug code, where we need to make per * cpu interrupts affine before the cpu becomes online. */ static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, true); } extern int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m); extern int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify); struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd); unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return 0; } static inline int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify) { return 0; } static inline struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd) { return NULL; } static inline unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd) { return maxvec; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * Special lockdep variants of irq disabling/enabling. * These should be used for locking constructs that * know that a particular irq context which is disabled, * and which is the only irq-context user of a lock, * that it's safe to take the lock in the irq-disabled * section without disabling hardirqs. * * On !CONFIG_LOCKDEP they are equivalent to the normal * irq disable/enable methods. */ static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep_irqsave(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_save(*flags); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_enable(); #endif enable_irq(irq); } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep_irqrestore(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_restore(*flags); #endif enable_irq(irq); } /* IRQ wakeup (PM) control: */ extern int irq_set_irq_wake(unsigned int irq, unsigned int on); static inline int enable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 1); } static inline int disable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 0); } /* * irq_get_irqchip_state/irq_set_irqchip_state specific flags */ enum irqchip_irq_state { IRQCHIP_STATE_PENDING, /* Is interrupt pending? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE, /* Is interrupt in progress? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_MASKED, /* Is interrupt masked? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_LINE_LEVEL, /* Is IRQ line high? */ }; extern int irq_get_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool *state); extern int irq_set_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool state); #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_FORCED_THREADING # ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT # define force_irqthreads (true) # else extern bool force_irqthreads; # endif #else #define force_irqthreads (0) #endif #ifndef local_softirq_pending #ifndef local_softirq_pending_ref #define local_softirq_pending_ref irq_stat.__softirq_pending #endif #define local_softirq_pending() (__this_cpu_read(local_softirq_pending_ref)) #define set_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_write(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #define or_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_or(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #endif /* local_softirq_pending */ /* Some architectures might implement lazy enabling/disabling of * interrupts. In some cases, such as stop_machine, we might want * to ensure that after a local_irq_disable(), interrupts have * really been disabled in hardware. Such architectures need to * implement the following hook. */ #ifndef hard_irq_disable #define hard_irq_disable() do { } while(0) #endif /* PLEASE, avoid to allocate new softirqs, if you need not _really_ high frequency threaded job scheduling. For almost all the purposes tasklets are more than enough. F.e. all serial device BHs et al. should be converted to tasklets, not to softirqs. */ enum { HI_SOFTIRQ=0, TIMER_SOFTIRQ, NET_TX_SOFTIRQ, NET_RX_SOFTIRQ, BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, IRQ_POLL_SOFTIRQ, TASKLET_SOFTIRQ, SCHED_SOFTIRQ, HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ, RCU_SOFTIRQ, /* Preferable RCU should always be the last softirq */ NR_SOFTIRQS }; #define SOFTIRQ_STOP_IDLE_MASK (~(1 << RCU_SOFTIRQ)) /* map softirq index to softirq name. update 'softirq_to_name' in * kernel/softirq.c when adding a new softirq. */ extern const char * const softirq_to_name[NR_SOFTIRQS]; /* softirq mask and active fields moved to irq_cpustat_t in * asm/hardirq.h to get better cache usage. KAO */ struct softirq_action { void (*action)(struct softirq_action *); }; asmlinkage void do_softirq(void); asmlinkage void __do_softirq(void); #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_DO_SOFTIRQ void do_softirq_own_stack(void); #else static inline void do_softirq_own_stack(void) { __do_softirq(); } #endif extern void open_softirq(int nr, void (*action)(struct softirq_action *)); extern void softirq_init(void); extern void __raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq(unsigned int nr); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, ksoftirqd); static inline struct task_struct *this_cpu_ksoftirqd(void) { return this_cpu_read(ksoftirqd); } /* Tasklets --- multithreaded analogue of BHs. This API is deprecated. Please consider using threaded IRQs instead: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200716081538.2sivhkj4hcyrusem@linutronix.de Main feature differing them of generic softirqs: tasklet is running only on one CPU simultaneously. Main feature differing them of BHs: different tasklets may be run simultaneously on different CPUs. Properties: * If tasklet_schedule() is called, then tasklet is guaranteed to be executed on some cpu at least once after this. * If the tasklet is already scheduled, but its execution is still not started, it will be executed only once. * If this tasklet is already running on another CPU (or schedule is called from tasklet itself), it is rescheduled for later. * Tasklet is strictly serialized wrt itself, but not wrt another tasklets. If client needs some intertask synchronization, he makes it with spinlocks. */ struct tasklet_struct { struct tasklet_struct *next; unsigned long state; atomic_t count; bool use_callback; union { void (*func)(unsigned long data); void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *t); }; unsigned long data; }; #define DECLARE_TASKLET(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define from_tasklet(var, callback_tasklet, tasklet_fieldname) \ container_of(callback_tasklet, typeof(*var), tasklet_fieldname) #define DECLARE_TASKLET_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .func = _func, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .func = _func, \ } enum { TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, /* Tasklet is scheduled for execution */ TASKLET_STATE_RUN /* Tasklet is running (SMP only) */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline int tasklet_trylock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { return !test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock_wait(struct tasklet_struct *t) { while (test_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state)) { barrier(); } } #else #define tasklet_trylock(t) 1 #define tasklet_unlock_wait(t) do { } while (0) #define tasklet_unlock(t) do { } while (0) #endif extern void __tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_schedule(t); } extern void __tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_hi_schedule(t); } static inline void tasklet_disable_nosync(struct tasklet_struct *t) { atomic_inc(&t->count); smp_mb__after_atomic(); } static inline void tasklet_disable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { tasklet_disable_nosync(t); tasklet_unlock_wait(t); smp_mb(); } static inline void tasklet_enable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&t->count); } extern void tasklet_kill(struct tasklet_struct *t); extern void tasklet_kill_immediate(struct tasklet_struct *t, unsigned int cpu); extern void tasklet_init(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*func)(unsigned long), unsigned long data); extern void tasklet_setup(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *)); /* * Autoprobing for irqs: * * probe_irq_on() and probe_irq_off() provide robust primitives * for accurate IRQ probing during kernel initialization. They are * reasonably simple to use, are not "fooled" by spurious interrupts, * and, unlike other attempts at IRQ probing, they do not get hung on * stuck interrupts (such as unused PS2 mouse interfaces on ASUS boards). * * For reasonably foolproof probing, use them as follows: * * 1. clear and/or mask the device's internal interrupt. * 2. sti(); * 3. irqs = probe_irq_on(); // "take over" all unassigned idle IRQs * 4. enable the device and cause it to trigger an interrupt. * 5. wait for the device to interrupt, using non-intrusive polling or a delay. * 6. irq = probe_irq_off(irqs); // get IRQ number, 0=none, negative=multiple * 7. service the device to clear its pending interrupt. * 8. loop again if paranoia is required. * * probe_irq_on() returns a mask of allocated irq's. * * probe_irq_off() takes the mask as a parameter, * and returns the irq number which occurred, * or zero if none occurred, or a negative irq number * if more than one irq occurred. */ #if !defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_IRQ_PROBE) static inline unsigned long probe_irq_on(void) { return 0; } static inline int probe_irq_off(unsigned long val) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long val) { return 0; } #else extern unsigned long probe_irq_on(void); /* returns 0 on failure */ extern int probe_irq_off(unsigned long); /* returns 0 or negative on failure */ extern unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long); /* returns mask of ISA interrupts */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS /* Initialize /proc/irq/ */ extern void init_irq_proc(void); #else static inline void init_irq_proc(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIMINGS void irq_timings_enable(void); void irq_timings_disable(void); u64 irq_timings_next_event(u64 now); #endif struct seq_file; int show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, void *v); int arch_show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, int prec); extern int early_irq_init(void); extern int arch_probe_nr_irqs(void); extern int arch_early_irq_init(void); /* * We want to know which function is an entrypoint of a hardirq or a softirq. */ #ifndef __irq_entry # define __irq_entry __section(".irqentry.text") #endif #define __softirq_entry __section(".softirqentry.text") #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * async.h: Asynchronous function calls for boot performance * * (C) Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation * Author: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef __ASYNC_H__ #define __ASYNC_H__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/device.h> typedef u64 async_cookie_t; typedef void (*async_func_t) (void *data, async_cookie_t cookie); struct async_domain { struct list_head pending; unsigned registered:1; }; /* * domain participates in global async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 1 } /* * domain is free to go out of scope as soon as all pending work is * complete, this domain does not participate in async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN_EXCLUSIVE(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 0 } async_cookie_t async_schedule_node(async_func_t func, void *data, int node); async_cookie_t async_schedule_node_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, int node, struct async_domain *domain); /** * async_schedule - schedule a function for asynchronous execution * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule(async_func_t func, void *data) { return async_schedule_node(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE); } /** * async_schedule_domain - schedule a function for asynchronous execution within a certain domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE, domain); } /** * async_schedule_dev - A device specific version of async_schedule * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev(async_func_t func, struct device *dev) { return async_schedule_node(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev)); } /** * async_schedule_dev_domain - A device specific version of async_schedule_domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev_domain(async_func_t func, struct device *dev, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev), domain); } void async_unregister_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_full(void); extern void async_synchronize_full_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_cookie(async_cookie_t cookie); extern void async_synchronize_cookie_domain(async_cookie_t cookie, struct async_domain *domain); extern bool current_is_async(void); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* -*- mode: c; c-basic-offset:8; -*- * vim: noexpandtab sw=8 ts=8 sts=0: * * configfs_internal.h - Internal stuff for configfs * * Based on sysfs: * sysfs is Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003 Patrick Mochel * * configfs Copyright (C) 2005 Oracle. All rights reserved. */ #ifdef pr_fmt #undef pr_fmt #endif #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> struct configfs_fragment { atomic_t frag_count; struct rw_semaphore frag_sem; bool frag_dead; }; void put_fragment(struct configfs_fragment *); struct configfs_fragment *get_fragment(struct configfs_fragment *); struct configfs_dirent { atomic_t s_count; int s_dependent_count; struct list_head s_sibling; struct list_head s_children; int s_links; void * s_element; int s_type; umode_t s_mode; struct dentry * s_dentry; struct iattr * s_iattr; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP int s_depth; #endif struct configfs_fragment *s_frag; }; #define CONFIGFS_ROOT 0x0001 #define CONFIGFS_DIR 0x0002 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_ATTR 0x0004 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_BIN_ATTR 0x0008 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_LINK 0x0020 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DIR 0x0040 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DEFAULT 0x0080 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DROPPING 0x0100 #define CONFIGFS_USET_IN_MKDIR 0x0200 #define CONFIGFS_USET_CREATING 0x0400 #define CONFIGFS_NOT_PINNED (CONFIGFS_ITEM_ATTR | CONFIGFS_ITEM_BIN_ATTR) extern struct mutex configfs_symlink_mutex; extern spinlock_t configfs_dirent_lock; extern struct kmem_cache *configfs_dir_cachep; extern int configfs_is_root(struct config_item *item); extern struct inode * configfs_new_inode(umode_t mode, struct configfs_dirent *, struct super_block *); extern struct inode *configfs_create(struct dentry *, umode_t mode); extern int configfs_create_file(struct config_item *, const struct configfs_attribute *); extern int configfs_create_bin_file(struct config_item *, const struct configfs_bin_attribute *); extern int configfs_make_dirent(struct configfs_dirent *, struct dentry *, void *, umode_t, int, struct configfs_fragment *); extern int configfs_dirent_is_ready(struct configfs_dirent *); extern void configfs_hash_and_remove(struct dentry * dir, const char * name); extern const unsigned char * configfs_get_name(struct configfs_dirent *sd); extern void configfs_drop_dentry(struct configfs_dirent *sd, struct dentry *parent); extern int configfs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); extern struct dentry *configfs_pin_fs(void); extern void configfs_release_fs(void); extern const struct file_operations configfs_dir_operations; extern const struct file_operations configfs_file_operations; extern const struct file_operations configfs_bin_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_root_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct dentry_operations configfs_dentry_ops; extern int configfs_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *symname); extern int configfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry); int configfs_create_link(struct configfs_dirent *target, struct dentry *parent, struct dentry *dentry, char *body); static inline struct config_item * to_item(struct dentry * dentry) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; return ((struct config_item *) sd->s_element); } static inline struct configfs_attribute * to_attr(struct dentry * dentry) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; return ((struct configfs_attribute *) sd->s_element); } static inline struct configfs_bin_attribute *to_bin_attr(struct dentry *dentry) { struct configfs_attribute *attr = to_attr(dentry); return container_of(attr, struct configfs_bin_attribute, cb_attr); } static inline struct config_item *configfs_get_config_item(struct dentry *dentry) { struct config_item * item = NULL; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; item = config_item_get(sd->s_element); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return item; } static inline void release_configfs_dirent(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { if (!(sd->s_type & CONFIGFS_ROOT)) { kfree(sd->s_iattr); put_fragment(sd->s_frag); kmem_cache_free(configfs_dir_cachep, sd); } } static inline struct configfs_dirent * configfs_get(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { if (sd) { WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&sd->s_count)); atomic_inc(&sd->s_count); } return sd; } static inline void configfs_put(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&sd->s_count)); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sd->s_count)) release_configfs_dirent(sd); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* delayacct.c - per-task delay accounting * * Copyright (C) Shailabh Nagar, IBM Corp. 2006 */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/taskstats.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/module.h> int delayacct_on __read_mostly = 1; /* Delay accounting turned on/off */ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(delayacct_on); struct kmem_cache *delayacct_cache; static int __init delayacct_setup_disable(char *str) { delayacct_on = 0; return 1; } __setup("nodelayacct", delayacct_setup_disable); void delayacct_init(void) { delayacct_cache = KMEM_CACHE(task_delay_info, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT); delayacct_tsk_init(&init_task); } void __delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { tsk->delays = kmem_cache_zalloc(delayacct_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (tsk->delays) raw_spin_lock_init(&tsk->delays->lock); } /* * Finish delay accounting for a statistic using its timestamps (@start), * accumalator (@total) and @count */ static void delayacct_end(raw_spinlock_t *lock, u64 *start, u64 *total, u32 *count) { s64 ns = ktime_get_ns() - *start; unsigned long flags; if (ns > 0) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags); *total += ns; (*count)++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } } void __delayacct_blkio_start(void) { current->delays->blkio_start = ktime_get_ns(); } /* * We cannot rely on the `current` macro, as we haven't yet switched back to * the process being woken. */ void __delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) { struct task_delay_info *delays = p->delays; u64 *total; u32 *count; if (p->delays->flags & DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN) { total = &delays->swapin_delay; count = &delays->swapin_count; } else { total = &delays->blkio_delay; count = &delays->blkio_count; } delayacct_end(&delays->lock, &delays->blkio_start, total, count); } int __delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { u64 utime, stime, stimescaled, utimescaled; unsigned long long t2, t3; unsigned long flags, t1; s64 tmp; task_cputime(tsk, &utime, &stime); tmp = (s64)d->cpu_run_real_total; tmp += utime + stime; d->cpu_run_real_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_run_real_total) ? 0 : tmp; task_cputime_scaled(tsk, &utimescaled, &stimescaled); tmp = (s64)d->cpu_scaled_run_real_total; tmp += utimescaled + stimescaled; d->cpu_scaled_run_real_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_scaled_run_real_total) ? 0 : tmp; /* * No locking available for sched_info (and too expensive to add one) * Mitigate by taking snapshot of values */ t1 = tsk->sched_info.pcount; t2 = tsk->sched_info.run_delay; t3 = tsk->se.sum_exec_runtime; d->cpu_count += t1; tmp = (s64)d->cpu_delay_total + t2; d->cpu_delay_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = (s64)d->cpu_run_virtual_total + t3; d->cpu_run_virtual_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_run_virtual_total) ? 0 : tmp; /* zero XXX_total, non-zero XXX_count implies XXX stat overflowed */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); tmp = d->blkio_delay_total + tsk->delays->blkio_delay; d->blkio_delay_total = (tmp < d->blkio_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = d->swapin_delay_total + tsk->delays->swapin_delay; d->swapin_delay_total = (tmp < d->swapin_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = d->freepages_delay_total + tsk->delays->freepages_delay; d->freepages_delay_total = (tmp < d->freepages_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = d->thrashing_delay_total + tsk->delays->thrashing_delay; d->thrashing_delay_total = (tmp < d->thrashing_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; d->blkio_count += tsk->delays->blkio_count; d->swapin_count += tsk->delays->swapin_count; d->freepages_count += tsk->delays->freepages_count; d->thrashing_count += tsk->delays->thrashing_count; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); return 0; } __u64 __delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { __u64 ret; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); ret = nsec_to_clock_t(tsk->delays->blkio_delay + tsk->delays->swapin_delay); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); return ret; } void __delayacct_freepages_start(void) { current->delays->freepages_start = ktime_get_ns(); } void __delayacct_freepages_end(void) { delayacct_end( &current->delays->lock, &current->delays->freepages_start, &current->delays->freepages_delay, &current->delays->freepages_count); } void __delayacct_thrashing_start(void) { current->delays->thrashing_start = ktime_get_ns(); } void __delayacct_thrashing_end(void) { delayacct_end(&current->delays->lock, &current->delays->thrashing_start, &current->delays->thrashing_delay, &current->delays->thrashing_count); }
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * fscrypt.h: declarations for per-file encryption * * Filesystems that implement per-file encryption must include this header * file. * * Copyright (C) 2015, Google, Inc. * * Written by Michael Halcrow, 2015. * Modified by Jaegeuk Kim, 2015. */ #ifndef _LINUX_FSCRYPT_H #define _LINUX_FSCRYPT_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <uapi/linux/fscrypt.h> #define FS_CRYPTO_BLOCK_SIZE 16 union fscrypt_policy; struct fscrypt_info; struct seq_file; struct fscrypt_str { unsigned char *name; u32 len; }; struct fscrypt_name { const struct qstr *usr_fname; struct fscrypt_str disk_name; u32 hash; u32 minor_hash; struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf; bool is_nokey_name; }; #define FSTR_INIT(n, l) { .name = n, .len = l } #define FSTR_TO_QSTR(f) QSTR_INIT((f)->name, (f)->len) #define fname_name(p) ((p)->disk_name.name) #define fname_len(p) ((p)->disk_name.len) /* Maximum value for the third parameter of fscrypt_operations.set_context(). */ #define FSCRYPT_SET_CONTEXT_MAX_SIZE 40 #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION /* * fscrypt superblock flags */ #define FS_CFLG_OWN_PAGES (1U << 1) /* * crypto operations for filesystems */ struct fscrypt_operations { unsigned int flags; const char *key_prefix; int (*get_context)(struct inode *inode, void *ctx, size_t len); int (*set_context)(struct inode *inode, const void *ctx, size_t len, void *fs_data); const union fscrypt_policy *(*get_dummy_policy)(struct super_block *sb); bool (*empty_dir)(struct inode *inode); unsigned int max_namelen; bool (*has_stable_inodes)(struct super_block *sb); void (*get_ino_and_lblk_bits)(struct super_block *sb, int *ino_bits_ret, int *lblk_bits_ret); int (*get_num_devices)(struct super_block *sb); void (*get_devices)(struct super_block *sb, struct request_queue **devs); }; static inline struct fscrypt_info *fscrypt_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { /* * Pairs with the cmpxchg_release() in fscrypt_get_encryption_info(). * I.e., another task may publish ->i_crypt_info concurrently, executing * a RELEASE barrier. We need to use smp_load_acquire() here to safely * ACQUIRE the memory the other task published. */ return smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_crypt_info); } /** * fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption() - check whether an inode needs * contents encryption * @inode: the inode to check * * Return: %true iff the inode is an encrypted regular file and the kernel was * built with fscrypt support. * * If you need to know whether the encrypt bit is set even when the kernel was * built without fscrypt support, you must use IS_ENCRYPTED() directly instead. */ static inline bool fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(const struct inode *inode) { return IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode); } /* * When d_splice_alias() moves a directory's no-key alias to its plaintext alias * as a result of the encryption key being added, DCACHE_NOKEY_NAME must be * cleared. Note that we don't have to support arbitrary moves of this flag * because fscrypt doesn't allow no-key names to be the source or target of a * rename(). */ static inline void fscrypt_handle_d_move(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_NOKEY_NAME; } /** * fscrypt_is_nokey_name() - test whether a dentry is a no-key name * @dentry: the dentry to check * * This returns true if the dentry is a no-key dentry. A no-key dentry is a * dentry that was created in an encrypted directory that hasn't had its * encryption key added yet. Such dentries may be either positive or negative. * * When a filesystem is asked to create a new filename in an encrypted directory * and the new filename's dentry is a no-key dentry, it must fail the operation * with ENOKEY. This includes ->create(), ->mkdir(), ->mknod(), ->symlink(), * ->rename(), and ->link(). (However, ->rename() and ->link() are already * handled by fscrypt_prepare_rename() and fscrypt_prepare_link().) * * This is necessary because creating a filename requires the directory's * encryption key, but just checking for the key on the directory inode during * the final filesystem operation doesn't guarantee that the key was available * during the preceding dentry lookup. And the key must have already been * available during the dentry lookup in order for it to have been checked * whether the filename already exists in the directory and for the new file's * dentry not to be invalidated due to it incorrectly having the no-key flag. * * Return: %true if the dentry is a no-key name */ static inline bool fscrypt_is_nokey_name(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NOKEY_NAME; } /* crypto.c */ void fscrypt_enqueue_decrypt_work(struct work_struct *); struct page *fscrypt_encrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, gfp_t gfp_flags); int fscrypt_encrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num, gfp_t gfp_flags); int fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs); int fscrypt_decrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num); static inline bool fscrypt_is_bounce_page(struct page *page) { return page->mapping == NULL; } static inline struct page *fscrypt_pagecache_page(struct page *bounce_page) { return (struct page *)page_private(bounce_page); } void fscrypt_free_bounce_page(struct page *bounce_page); /* policy.c */ int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_nonce(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child); int fscrypt_set_context(struct inode *inode, void *fs_data); struct fscrypt_dummy_policy { const union fscrypt_policy *policy; }; int fscrypt_set_test_dummy_encryption(struct super_block *sb, const char *arg, struct fscrypt_dummy_policy *dummy_policy); void fscrypt_show_test_dummy_encryption(struct seq_file *seq, char sep, struct super_block *sb); static inline void fscrypt_free_dummy_policy(struct fscrypt_dummy_policy *dummy_policy) { kfree(dummy_policy->policy); dummy_policy->policy = NULL; } /* keyring.c */ void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb); int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); /* keysetup.c */ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode); int fscrypt_prepare_new_inode(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, bool *encrypt_ret); void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *inode); void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode); int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode); /* fname.c */ int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *inode, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct fscrypt_name *fname); static inline void fscrypt_free_filename(struct fscrypt_name *fname) { kfree(fname->crypto_buf.name); } int fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer(u32 max_encrypted_len, struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str); void fscrypt_fname_free_buffer(struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str); int fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(const struct inode *inode, u32 hash, u32 minor_hash, const struct fscrypt_str *iname, struct fscrypt_str *oname); bool fscrypt_match_name(const struct fscrypt_name *fname, const u8 *de_name, u32 de_name_len); u64 fscrypt_fname_siphash(const struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name); int fscrypt_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags); /* bio.c */ void fscrypt_decrypt_bio(struct bio *bio); int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk, sector_t pblk, unsigned int len); /* hooks.c */ int fscrypt_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); int __fscrypt_prepare_link(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry); int __fscrypt_prepare_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags); int __fscrypt_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct fscrypt_name *fname); int fscrypt_prepare_setflags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags); int fscrypt_prepare_symlink(struct inode *dir, const char *target, unsigned int len, unsigned int max_len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link); int __fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *target, unsigned int len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link); const char *fscrypt_get_symlink(struct inode *inode, const void *caddr, unsigned int max_size, struct delayed_call *done); int fscrypt_symlink_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat); static inline void fscrypt_set_ops(struct super_block *sb, const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop) { sb->s_cop = s_cop; } #else /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ static inline struct fscrypt_info *fscrypt_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { return NULL; } static inline bool fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(const struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void fscrypt_handle_d_move(struct dentry *dentry) { } static inline bool fscrypt_is_nokey_name(const struct dentry *dentry) { return false; } /* crypto.c */ static inline void fscrypt_enqueue_decrypt_work(struct work_struct *work) { } static inline struct page *fscrypt_encrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, gfp_t gfp_flags) { return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); } static inline int fscrypt_encrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num, gfp_t gfp_flags) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_decrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline bool fscrypt_is_bounce_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline struct page *fscrypt_pagecache_page(struct page *bounce_page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline void fscrypt_free_bounce_page(struct page *bounce_page) { } /* policy.c */ static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_nonce(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child) { return 0; } static inline int fscrypt_set_context(struct inode *inode, void *fs_data) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } struct fscrypt_dummy_policy { }; static inline void fscrypt_show_test_dummy_encryption(struct seq_file *seq, char sep, struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void fscrypt_free_dummy_policy(struct fscrypt_dummy_policy *dummy_policy) { } /* keyring.c */ static inline void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* keysetup.c */ static inline int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_prepare_new_inode(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, bool *encrypt_ret) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return 0; } static inline void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } /* fname.c */ static inline int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct fscrypt_name *fname) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; memset(fname, 0, sizeof(*fname)); fname->usr_fname = iname; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *)iname->name; fname->disk_name.len = iname->len; return 0; } static inline void fscrypt_free_filename(struct fscrypt_name *fname) { return; } static inline int fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer(u32 max_encrypted_len, struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void fscrypt_fname_free_buffer(struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str) { return; } static inline int fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(const struct inode *inode, u32 hash, u32 minor_hash, const struct fscrypt_str *iname, struct fscrypt_str *oname) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline bool fscrypt_match_name(const struct fscrypt_name *fname, const u8 *de_name, u32 de_name_len) { /* Encryption support disabled; use standard comparison */ if (de_name_len != fname->disk_name.len) return false; return !memcmp(de_name, fname->disk_name.name, fname->disk_name.len); } static inline u64 fscrypt_fname_siphash(const struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name) { WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return 0; } static inline int fscrypt_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { return 1; } /* bio.c */ static inline void fscrypt_decrypt_bio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk, sector_t pblk, unsigned int len) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* hooks.c */ static inline int fscrypt_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return 0; } static inline int __fscrypt_prepare_link(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int __fscrypt_prepare_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int __fscrypt_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct fscrypt_name *fname) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_prepare_setflags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int fscrypt_prepare_symlink(struct inode *dir, const char *target, unsigned int len, unsigned int max_len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; disk_link->name = (unsigned char *)target; disk_link->len = len + 1; if (disk_link->len > max_len) return -ENAMETOOLONG; return 0; } static inline int __fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *target, unsigned int len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline const char *fscrypt_get_symlink(struct inode *inode, const void *caddr, unsigned int max_size, struct delayed_call *done) { return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); } static inline int fscrypt_symlink_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void fscrypt_set_ops(struct super_block *sb, const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ /* inline_crypt.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT bool __fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(const struct inode *inode); void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 first_lblk, gfp_t gfp_mask); void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx_bh(struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *first_bh, gfp_t gfp_mask); bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 next_lblk); bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio_bh(struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *next_bh); #else /* CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */ static inline bool __fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(const struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 first_lblk, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx_bh( struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *first_bh, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 next_lblk) { return true; } static inline bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio_bh(struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *next_bh) { return true; } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */ /** * fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto() - test whether an inode uses inline * encryption * @inode: an inode. If encrypted, its key must be set up. * * Return: true if the inode requires file contents encryption and if the * encryption should be done in the block layer via blk-crypto rather * than in the filesystem layer. */ static inline bool fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(const struct inode *inode) { return fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(inode) && __fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(inode); } /** * fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto() - test whether an inode uses fs-layer * encryption * @inode: an inode. If encrypted, its key must be set up. * * Return: true if the inode requires file contents encryption and if the * encryption should be done in the filesystem layer rather than in the * block layer via blk-crypto. */ static inline bool fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto(const struct inode *inode) { return fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(inode) && !__fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(inode); } /** * fscrypt_has_encryption_key() - check whether an inode has had its key set up * @inode: the inode to check * * Return: %true if the inode has had its encryption key set up, else %false. * * Usually this should be preceded by fscrypt_get_encryption_info() to try to * set up the key first. */ static inline bool fscrypt_has_encryption_key(const struct inode *inode) { return fscrypt_get_info(inode) != NULL; } /** * fscrypt_require_key() - require an inode's encryption key * @inode: the inode we need the key for * * If the inode is encrypted, set up its encryption key if not already done. * Then require that the key be present and return -ENOKEY otherwise. * * No locks are needed, and the key will live as long as the struct inode --- so * it won't go away from under you. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if the key is missing, or another -errno code * if a problem occurred while setting up the encryption key. */ static inline int fscrypt_require_key(struct inode *inode) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { int err = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(inode); if (err) return err; if (!fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode)) return -ENOKEY; } return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_link() - prepare to link an inode into a possibly-encrypted * directory * @old_dentry: an existing dentry for the inode being linked * @dir: the target directory * @dentry: negative dentry for the target filename * * A new link can only be added to an encrypted directory if the directory's * encryption key is available --- since otherwise we'd have no way to encrypt * the filename. Therefore, we first set up the directory's encryption key (if * not already done) and return an error if it's unavailable. * * We also verify that the link will not violate the constraint that all files * in an encrypted directory tree use the same encryption policy. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if the directory's encryption key is missing, * -EXDEV if the link would result in an inconsistent encryption policy, or * another -errno code. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return __fscrypt_prepare_link(d_inode(old_dentry), dir, dentry); return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_rename() - prepare for a rename between possibly-encrypted * directories * @old_dir: source directory * @old_dentry: dentry for source file * @new_dir: target directory * @new_dentry: dentry for target location (may be negative unless exchanging) * @flags: rename flags (we care at least about %RENAME_EXCHANGE) * * Prepare for ->rename() where the source and/or target directories may be * encrypted. A new link can only be added to an encrypted directory if the * directory's encryption key is available --- since otherwise we'd have no way * to encrypt the filename. A rename to an existing name, on the other hand, * *is* cryptographically possible without the key. However, we take the more * conservative approach and just forbid all no-key renames. * * We also verify that the rename will not violate the constraint that all files * in an encrypted directory tree use the same encryption policy. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if an encryption key is missing, -EXDEV if the * rename would cause inconsistent encryption policies, or another -errno code. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(old_dir) || IS_ENCRYPTED(new_dir)) return __fscrypt_prepare_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_lookup() - prepare to lookup a name in a possibly-encrypted * directory * @dir: directory being searched * @dentry: filename being looked up * @fname: (output) the name to use to search the on-disk directory * * Prepare for ->lookup() in a directory which may be encrypted by determining * the name that will actually be used to search the directory on-disk. If the * directory's encryption key is available, then the lookup is assumed to be by * plaintext name; otherwise, it is assumed to be by no-key name. * * This also installs a custom ->d_revalidate() method which will invalidate the * dentry if it was created without the key and the key is later added. * * Return: 0 on success; -ENOENT if the directory's key is unavailable but the * filename isn't a valid no-key name, so a negative dentry should be created; * or another -errno code. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct fscrypt_name *fname) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return __fscrypt_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, fname); memset(fname, 0, sizeof(*fname)); fname->usr_fname = &dentry->d_name; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *)dentry->d_name.name; fname->disk_name.len = dentry->d_name.len; return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_setattr() - prepare to change a possibly-encrypted inode's * attributes * @dentry: dentry through which the inode is being changed * @attr: attributes to change * * Prepare for ->setattr() on a possibly-encrypted inode. On an encrypted file, * most attribute changes are allowed even without the encryption key. However, * without the encryption key we do have to forbid truncates. This is needed * because the size being truncated to may not be a multiple of the filesystem * block size, and in that case we'd have to decrypt the final block, zero the * portion past i_size, and re-encrypt it. (We *could* allow truncating to a * filesystem block boundary, but it's simpler to just forbid all truncates --- * and we already forbid all other contents modifications without the key.) * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if the key is missing, or another -errno code * if a problem occurred while setting up the encryption key. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) return fscrypt_require_key(d_inode(dentry)); return 0; } /** * fscrypt_encrypt_symlink() - encrypt the symlink target if needed * @inode: symlink inode * @target: plaintext symlink target * @len: length of @target excluding null terminator * @disk_link: (in/out) the on-disk symlink target being prepared * * If the symlink target needs to be encrypted, then this function encrypts it * into @disk_link->name. fscrypt_prepare_symlink() must have been called * previously to compute @disk_link->len. If the filesystem did not allocate a * buffer for @disk_link->name after calling fscrypt_prepare_link(), then one * will be kmalloc()'ed and the filesystem will be responsible for freeing it. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ static inline int fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *target, unsigned int len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) return __fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(inode, target, len, disk_link); return 0; } /* If *pagep is a bounce page, free it and set *pagep to the pagecache page */ static inline void fscrypt_finalize_bounce_page(struct page **pagep) { struct page *page = *pagep; if (fscrypt_is_bounce_page(page)) { *pagep = fscrypt_pagecache_page(page); fscrypt_free_bounce_page(page); } } #endif /* _LINUX_FSCRYPT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* linux/net/inet/arp.h */ #ifndef _ARP_H #define _ARP_H #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> extern struct neigh_table arp_tbl; static inline u32 arp_hashfn(const void *pkey, const struct net_device *dev, u32 *hash_rnd) { u32 key = *(const u32 *)pkey; u32 val = key ^ hash32_ptr(dev); return val * hash_rnd[0]; } #ifdef CONFIG_INET static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { if (dev->flags & (IFF_LOOPBACK | IFF_POINTOPOINT)) key = INADDR_ANY; return ___neigh_lookup_noref(&arp_tbl, neigh_key_eq32, arp_hashfn, &key, dev); } #else static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { return NULL; } #endif static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, key); if (n && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&n->refcnt)) n = NULL; rcu_read_unlock_bh(); return n; } static inline void __ipv4_confirm_neigh(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, key); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } void arp_init(void); int arp_ioctl(struct net *net, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); void arp_send(int type, int ptype, __be32 dest_ip, struct net_device *dev, __be32 src_ip, const unsigned char *dest_hw, const unsigned char *src_hw, const unsigned char *th); int arp_mc_map(__be32 addr, u8 *haddr, struct net_device *dev, int dir); void arp_ifdown(struct net_device *dev); struct sk_buff *arp_create(int type, int ptype, __be32 dest_ip, struct net_device *dev, __be32 src_ip, const unsigned char *dest_hw, const unsigned char *src_hw, const unsigned char *target_hw); void arp_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb); #endif /* _ARP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for diskquota-operations. When diskquota is configured these * macros expand to the right source-code. * * Author: Marco van Wieringen <mvw@planets.elm.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #define _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #include <linux/fs.h> #define DQUOT_SPACE_WARN 0x1 #define DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE 0x2 #define DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL 0x4 static inline struct quota_info *sb_dqopt(struct super_block *sb) { return &sb->s_dquot; } /* i_mutex must being held */ static inline bool is_quota_modification(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *ia) { return (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(ia->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(ia->ia_gid, inode->i_gid)); } #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) #define quota_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __quota_error((sb), __func__, fmt , ## args) extern __printf(3, 4) void __quota_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...); /* * declaration of quota_function calls in kernel. */ int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode); bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode); void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode); struct dquot *dqget(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid qid); static inline struct dquot *dqgrab(struct dquot *dquot) { /* Make sure someone else has active reference to dquot */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!test_bit(DQ_ACTIVE_B, &dquot->dq_flags)); atomic_inc(&dquot->dq_count); return dquot; } static inline bool dquot_is_busy(struct dquot *dquot) { if (test_bit(DQ_MOD_B, &dquot->dq_flags)) return true; if (atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count) > 1) return true; return false; } void dqput(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_scan_active(struct super_block *sb, int (*fn)(struct dquot *dquot, unsigned long priv), unsigned long priv); struct dquot *dquot_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int type); void dquot_destroy(struct dquot *dquot); int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode); int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode); void dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags); /* Suspend quotas on remount RO */ static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_commit(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_acquire(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_release(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_commit_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_next_id(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); int dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); int dquot_load_quota_sb(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_load_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); int dquot_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, char *qf_name, int format_id, int type); int dquot_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_state(struct super_block *sb, struct qc_state *state); int dquot_set_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type, struct qc_info *ii); int dquot_get_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_get_next_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_set_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int __dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct dquot **transfer_to); int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr); static inline struct mem_dqinfo *sb_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->info + type; } /* * Functions for checking status of quota */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_SUSPENDED, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { /* Currently if anything is on, then quota usage is on as well */ return sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(sb, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_has_quota_loaded(sb, type) && !sb_has_quota_suspended(sb, type); } /* * Operations supported for diskquotas. */ extern const struct dquot_operations dquot_operations; extern const struct quotactl_ops dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; #else static inline int sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline int sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr) { return 0; } static inline int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); } static inline int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #define dquot_file_open generic_file_open static inline int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ static inline int dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN); } static inline void dquot_alloc_space_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline int dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) { /* * Mark inode fully dirty. Since we are allocating blocks, inode * would become fully dirty soon anyway and it reportedly * reduces lock contention. */ mark_inode_dirty(inode); } return ret; } static inline int dquot_alloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_alloc_block_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_alloc_space_nofail(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_alloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, 0); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline int dquot_reserve_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } static inline int dquot_claim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_claim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline void dquot_reclaim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr, 0); } static inline void dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_free_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_release_reservation_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } unsigned int qtype_enforce_flag(int type); #endif /* _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ */
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It's mostly (but not completely) zeroes, * depending on the FPU hardware format: */ union fpregs_state init_fpstate __read_mostly; /* * Track whether the kernel is using the FPU state * currently. * * This flag is used: * * - by IRQ context code to potentially use the FPU * if it's unused. * * - to debug kernel_fpu_begin()/end() correctness */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, in_kernel_fpu); /* * Track which context is using the FPU on the CPU: */ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct fpu *, fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx); static bool kernel_fpu_disabled(void) { return this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu); } static bool interrupted_kernel_fpu_idle(void) { return !kernel_fpu_disabled(); } /* * Were we in user mode (or vm86 mode) when we were * interrupted? * * Doing kernel_fpu_begin/end() is ok if we are running * in an interrupt context from user mode - we'll just * save the FPU state as required. */ static bool interrupted_user_mode(void) { struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs(); return regs && user_mode(regs); } /* * Can we use the FPU in kernel mode with the * whole "kernel_fpu_begin/end()" sequence? * * It's always ok in process context (ie "not interrupt") * but it is sometimes ok even from an irq. */ bool irq_fpu_usable(void) { return !in_interrupt() || interrupted_user_mode() || interrupted_kernel_fpu_idle(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(irq_fpu_usable); /* * These must be called with preempt disabled. Returns * 'true' if the FPU state is still intact and we can * keep registers active. * * The legacy FNSAVE instruction cleared all FPU state * unconditionally, so registers are essentially destroyed. * Modern FPU state can be kept in registers, if there are * no pending FP exceptions. */ int copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(struct fpu *fpu) { if (likely(use_xsave())) { copy_xregs_to_kernel(&fpu->state.xsave); /* * AVX512 state is tracked here because its use is * known to slow the max clock speed of the core. */ if (fpu->state.xsave.header.xfeatures & XFEATURE_MASK_AVX512) fpu->avx512_timestamp = jiffies; return 1; } if (likely(use_fxsr())) { copy_fxregs_to_kernel(fpu); return 1; } /* * Legacy FPU register saving, FNSAVE always clears FPU registers, * so we have to mark them inactive: */ asm volatile("fnsave %[fp]; fwait" : [fp] "=m" (fpu->state.fsave)); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_fpregs_to_fpstate); void kernel_fpu_begin_mask(unsigned int kfpu_mask) { preempt_disable(); WARN_ON_FPU(!irq_fpu_usable()); WARN_ON_FPU(this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu)); this_cpu_write(in_kernel_fpu, true); if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && !test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) { set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); /* * Ignore return value -- we don't care if reg state * is clobbered. */ copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(&current->thread.fpu); } __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(); /* Put sane initial values into the control registers. */ if (likely(kfpu_mask & KFPU_MXCSR) && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM)) ldmxcsr(MXCSR_DEFAULT); if (unlikely(kfpu_mask & KFPU_387) && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) asm volatile ("fninit"); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernel_fpu_begin_mask); void kernel_fpu_end(void) { WARN_ON_FPU(!this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu)); this_cpu_write(in_kernel_fpu, false); preempt_enable(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernel_fpu_end); /* * Save the FPU state (mark it for reload if necessary): * * This only ever gets called for the current task. */ void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); fpregs_lock(); trace_x86_fpu_before_save(fpu); if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) { if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu)) { copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state); } } trace_x86_fpu_after_save(fpu); fpregs_unlock(); } /* * Legacy x87 fpstate state init: */ static inline void fpstate_init_fstate(struct fregs_state *fp) { fp->cwd = 0xffff037fu; fp->swd = 0xffff0000u; fp->twd = 0xffffffffu; fp->fos = 0xffff0000u; } void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) { fpstate_init_soft(&state->soft); return; } memset(state, 0, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) fpstate_init_xstate(&state->xsave); if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) fpstate_init_fxstate(&state->fxsave); else fpstate_init_fstate(&state->fsave); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpstate_init); int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src) { struct fpu *dst_fpu = &dst->thread.fpu; struct fpu *src_fpu = &src->thread.fpu; dst_fpu->last_cpu = -1; if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return 0; WARN_ON_FPU(src_fpu != &current->thread.fpu); /* * Don't let 'init optimized' areas of the XSAVE area * leak into the child task: */ memset(&dst_fpu->state.xsave, 0, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); /* * If the FPU registers are not current just memcpy() the state. * Otherwise save current FPU registers directly into the child's FPU * context, without any memory-to-memory copying. * * ( The function 'fails' in the FNSAVE case, which destroys * register contents so we have to load them back. ) */ fpregs_lock(); if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) memcpy(&dst_fpu->state, &src_fpu->state, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); else if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(dst_fpu)) copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&dst_fpu->state); fpregs_unlock(); set_tsk_thread_flag(dst, TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); trace_x86_fpu_copy_src(src_fpu); trace_x86_fpu_copy_dst(dst_fpu); return 0; } /* * Activate the current task's in-memory FPU context, * if it has not been used before: */ static void fpu__initialize(struct fpu *fpu) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); fpstate_init(&fpu->state); trace_x86_fpu_init_state(fpu); } /* * This function must be called before we read a task's fpstate. * * There's two cases where this gets called: * * - for the current task (when coredumping), in which case we have * to save the latest FPU registers into the fpstate, * * - or it's called for stopped tasks (ptrace), in which case the * registers were already saved by the context-switch code when * the task scheduled out. * * If the task has used the FPU before then save it. */ void fpu__prepare_read(struct fpu *fpu) { if (fpu == &current->thread.fpu) fpu__save(fpu); } /* * This function must be called before we write a task's fpstate. * * Invalidate any cached FPU registers. * * After this function call, after registers in the fpstate are * modified and the child task has woken up, the child task will * restore the modified FPU state from the modified context. If we * didn't clear its cached status here then the cached in-registers * state pending on its former CPU could be restored, corrupting * the modifications. */ void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu) { /* * Only stopped child tasks can be used to modify the FPU * state in the fpstate buffer: */ WARN_ON_FPU(fpu == &current->thread.fpu); /* Invalidate any cached state: */ __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(fpu); } /* * Drops current FPU state: deactivates the fpregs and * the fpstate. NOTE: it still leaves previous contents * in the fpregs in the eager-FPU case. * * This function can be used in cases where we know that * a state-restore is coming: either an explicit one, * or a reschedule. */ void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu) { preempt_disable(); if (fpu == &current->thread.fpu) { /* Ignore delayed exceptions from user space */ asm volatile("1: fwait\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 2b)); fpregs_deactivate(fpu); } trace_x86_fpu_dropped(fpu); preempt_enable(); } /* * Clear FPU registers by setting them up from the init fpstate. * Caller must do fpregs_[un]lock() around it. */ static inline void copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(u64 features_mask) { if (use_xsave()) copy_kernel_to_xregs(&init_fpstate.xsave, features_mask); else if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) copy_kernel_to_fxregs(&init_fpstate.fxsave); else copy_kernel_to_fregs(&init_fpstate.fsave); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(); } /* * Clear the FPU state back to init state. * * Called by sys_execve(), by the signal handler code and by various * error paths. */ static void fpu__clear(struct fpu *fpu, bool user_only) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) { fpu__drop(fpu); fpu__initialize(fpu); return; } fpregs_lock(); if (user_only) { if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id()) && xfeatures_mask_supervisor()) copy_kernel_to_xregs(&fpu->state.xsave, xfeatures_mask_supervisor()); copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(xfeatures_mask_user()); } else { copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(xfeatures_mask_all); } fpregs_mark_activate(); fpregs_unlock(); } void fpu__clear_user_states(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu__clear(fpu, true); } void fpu__clear_all(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu__clear(fpu, false); } /* * Load FPU context before returning to userspace. */ void switch_fpu_return(void) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return; __fpregs_load_activate(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(switch_fpu_return); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU /* * If current FPU state according to its tracking (loaded FPU context on this * CPU) is not valid then we must have TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD set so the context is * loaded on return to userland. */ void fpregs_assert_state_consistent(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) return; WARN_ON_FPU(!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id())); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_assert_state_consistent); #endif void fpregs_mark_activate(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; fpregs_activate(fpu); fpu->last_cpu = smp_processor_id(); clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_mark_activate); /* * x87 math exception handling: */ int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr) { int err; if (trap_nr == X86_TRAP_MF) { unsigned short cwd, swd; /* * (~cwd & swd) will mask out exceptions that are not set to unmasked * status. 0x3f is the exception bits in these regs, 0x200 is the * C1 reg you need in case of a stack fault, 0x040 is the stack * fault bit. We should only be taking one exception at a time, * so if this combination doesn't produce any single exception, * then we have a bad program that isn't synchronizing its FPU usage * and it will suffer the consequences since we won't be able to * fully reproduce the context of the exception. */ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) { cwd = fpu->state.fxsave.cwd; swd = fpu->state.fxsave.swd; } else { cwd = (unsigned short)fpu->state.fsave.cwd; swd = (unsigned short)fpu->state.fsave.swd; } err = swd & ~cwd; } else { /* * The SIMD FPU exceptions are handled a little differently, as there * is only a single status/control register. Thus, to determine which * unmasked exception was caught we must mask the exception mask bits * at 0x1f80, and then use these to mask the exception bits at 0x3f. */ unsigned short mxcsr = MXCSR_DEFAULT; if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM)) mxcsr = fpu->state.fxsave.mxcsr; err = ~(mxcsr >> 7) & mxcsr; } if (err & 0x001) { /* Invalid op */ /* * swd & 0x240 == 0x040: Stack Underflow * swd & 0x240 == 0x240: Stack Overflow * User must clear the SF bit (0x40) if set */ return FPE_FLTINV; } else if (err & 0x004) { /* Divide by Zero */ return FPE_FLTDIV; } else if (err & 0x008) { /* Overflow */ return FPE_FLTOVF; } else if (err & 0x012) { /* Denormal, Underflow */ return FPE_FLTUND; } else if (err & 0x020) { /* Precision */ return FPE_FLTRES; } /* * If we're using IRQ 13, or supposedly even some trap * X86_TRAP_MF implementations, it's possible * we get a spurious trap, which is not an error. */ return 0; }
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Berkeley style UIO structures - Alan Cox 1994. */ #ifndef __LINUX_UIO_H #define __LINUX_UIO_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <uapi/linux/uio.h> struct page; struct pipe_inode_info; struct kvec { void *iov_base; /* and that should *never* hold a userland pointer */ size_t iov_len; }; enum iter_type { /* iter types */ ITER_IOVEC = 4, ITER_KVEC = 8, ITER_BVEC = 16, ITER_PIPE = 32, ITER_DISCARD = 64, }; struct iov_iter { /* * Bit 0 is the read/write bit, set if we're writing. * Bit 1 is the BVEC_FLAG_NO_REF bit, set if type is a bvec and * the caller isn't expecting to drop a page reference when done. */ unsigned int type; size_t iov_offset; size_t count; union { const struct iovec *iov; const struct kvec *kvec; const struct bio_vec *bvec; struct pipe_inode_info *pipe; }; union { unsigned long nr_segs; struct { unsigned int head; unsigned int start_head; }; }; }; static inline enum iter_type iov_iter_type(const struct iov_iter *i) { return i->type & ~(READ | WRITE); } static inline bool iter_is_iovec(const struct iov_iter *i) { return iov_iter_type(i) == ITER_IOVEC; } static inline bool iov_iter_is_kvec(const struct iov_iter *i) { return iov_iter_type(i) == ITER_KVEC; } static inline bool iov_iter_is_bvec(const struct iov_iter *i) { return iov_iter_type(i) == ITER_BVEC; } static inline bool iov_iter_is_pipe(const struct iov_iter *i) { return iov_iter_type(i) == ITER_PIPE; } static inline bool iov_iter_is_discard(const struct iov_iter *i) { return iov_iter_type(i) == ITER_DISCARD; } static inline unsigned char iov_iter_rw(const struct iov_iter *i) { return i->type & (READ | WRITE); } /* * Total number of bytes covered by an iovec. * * NOTE that it is not safe to use this function until all the iovec's * segment lengths have been validated. Because the individual lengths can * overflow a size_t when added together. */ static inline size_t iov_length(const struct iovec *iov, unsigned long nr_segs) { unsigned long seg; size_t ret = 0; for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) ret += iov[seg].iov_len; return ret; } static inline struct iovec iov_iter_iovec(const struct iov_iter *iter) { return (struct iovec) { .iov_base = iter->iov->iov_base + iter->iov_offset, .iov_len = min(iter->count, iter->iov->iov_len - iter->iov_offset), }; } size_t iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(struct page *page, struct iov_iter *i, unsigned long offset, size_t bytes); void iov_iter_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes); void iov_iter_revert(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes); int iov_iter_fault_in_readable(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes); size_t iov_iter_single_seg_count(const struct iov_iter *i); size_t copy_page_to_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); size_t copy_page_from_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); size_t _copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); size_t _copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); bool _copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); size_t _copy_from_iter_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); bool _copy_from_iter_full_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); static __always_inline __must_check size_t copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!check_copy_size(addr, bytes, true))) return 0; else return _copy_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); } static __always_inline __must_check size_t copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!check_copy_size(addr, bytes, false))) return 0; else return _copy_from_iter(addr, bytes, i); } static __always_inline __must_check bool copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!check_copy_size(addr, bytes, false))) return false; else return _copy_from_iter_full(addr, bytes, i); } static __always_inline __must_check size_t copy_from_iter_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!check_copy_size(addr, bytes, false))) return 0; else return _copy_from_iter_nocache(addr, bytes, i); } static __always_inline __must_check bool copy_from_iter_full_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!check_copy_size(addr, bytes, false))) return false; else return _copy_from_iter_full_nocache(addr, bytes, i); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE /* * Note, users like pmem that depend on the stricter semantics of * copy_from_iter_flushcache() than copy_from_iter_nocache() must check for * IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE) before assuming that the * destination is flushed from the cache on return. */ size_t _copy_from_iter_flushcache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); #else #define _copy_from_iter_flushcache _copy_from_iter_nocache #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC size_t _copy_mc_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); #else #define _copy_mc_to_iter _copy_to_iter #endif static __always_inline __must_check size_t copy_from_iter_flushcache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!check_copy_size(addr, bytes, false))) return 0; else return _copy_from_iter_flushcache(addr, bytes, i); } static __always_inline __must_check size_t copy_mc_to_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!check_copy_size(addr, bytes, true))) return 0; else return _copy_mc_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); } size_t iov_iter_zero(size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *); unsigned long iov_iter_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i); unsigned long iov_iter_gap_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i); void iov_iter_init(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct iovec *iov, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count); void iov_iter_kvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct kvec *kvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count); void iov_iter_bvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count); void iov_iter_pipe(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t count); void iov_iter_discard(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, size_t count); ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, struct page **pages, size_t maxsize, unsigned maxpages, size_t *start); ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages_alloc(struct iov_iter *i, struct page ***pages, size_t maxsize, size_t *start); int iov_iter_npages(const struct iov_iter *i, int maxpages); const void *dup_iter(struct iov_iter *new, struct iov_iter *old, gfp_t flags); static inline size_t iov_iter_count(const struct iov_iter *i) { return i->count; } /* * Cap the iov_iter by given limit; note that the second argument is * *not* the new size - it's upper limit for such. Passing it a value * greater than the amount of data in iov_iter is fine - it'll just do * nothing in that case. */ static inline void iov_iter_truncate(struct iov_iter *i, u64 count) { /* * count doesn't have to fit in size_t - comparison extends both * operands to u64 here and any value that would be truncated by * conversion in assignement is by definition greater than all * values of size_t, including old i->count. */ if (i->count > count) i->count = count; } /* * reexpand a previously truncated iterator; count must be no more than how much * we had shrunk it. */ static inline void iov_iter_reexpand(struct iov_iter *i, size_t count) { i->count = count; } struct csum_state { __wsum csum; size_t off; }; size_t csum_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *csstate, struct iov_iter *i); size_t csum_and_copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i); bool csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i); size_t hash_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *hashp, struct iov_iter *i); struct iovec *iovec_from_user(const struct iovec __user *uvector, unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs, struct iovec *fast_iov, bool compat); ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i); ssize_t __import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i, bool compat); int import_single_range(int type, void __user *buf, size_t len, struct iovec *iov, struct iov_iter *i); int iov_iter_for_each_range(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes, int (*f)(struct kvec *vec, void *context), void *context); #endif
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1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/ialloc.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * BSD ufs-inspired inode and directory allocation by * Stephen Tweedie (sct@redhat.com), 1993 * Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by * David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995 */ #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * ialloc.c contains the inodes allocation and deallocation routines */ /* * The free inodes are managed by bitmaps. A file system contains several * blocks groups. Each group contains 1 bitmap block for blocks, 1 bitmap * block for inodes, N blocks for the inode table and data blocks. * * The file system contains group descriptors which are located after the * super block. Each descriptor contains the number of the bitmap block and * the free blocks count in the block. */ /* * To avoid calling the atomic setbit hundreds or thousands of times, we only * need to use it within a single byte (to ensure we get endianness right). * We can use memset for the rest of the bitmap as there are no other users. */ void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap) { int i; if (start_bit >= end_bit) return; ext4_debug("mark end bits +%d through +%d used\n", start_bit, end_bit); for (i = start_bit; i < ((start_bit + 7) & ~7UL); i++) ext4_set_bit(i, bitmap); if (i < end_bit) memset(bitmap + (i >> 3), 0xff, (end_bit - i) >> 3); } void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { if (uptodate) { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); set_bitmap_uptodate(bh); } unlock_buffer(bh); put_bh(bh); } static int ext4_validate_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *desc, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_fsblk_t blk; struct ext4_group_info *grp; if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) return 0; grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, block_group); if (buffer_verified(bh)) return 0; if (EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); if (buffer_verified(bh)) goto verified; blk = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, desc); if (!ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(sb, block_group, desc, bh, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8) || ext4_simulate_fail(sb, EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_CRC)) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); ext4_error(sb, "Corrupt inode bitmap - block_group = %u, " "inode_bitmap = %llu", block_group, blk); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); return -EFSBADCRC; } set_buffer_verified(bh); verified: ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); return 0; } /* * Read the inode allocation bitmap for a given block_group, reading * into the specified slot in the superblock's bitmap cache. * * Return buffer_head of bitmap on success, or an ERR_PTR on error. */ static struct buffer_head * ext4_read_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group) { struct ext4_group_desc *desc; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; ext4_fsblk_t bitmap_blk; int err; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, NULL); if (!desc) return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); bitmap_blk = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, desc); if ((bitmap_blk <= le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block)) || (bitmap_blk >= ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es))) { ext4_error(sb, "Invalid inode bitmap blk %llu in " "block_group %u", bitmap_blk, block_group); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } bh = sb_getblk(sb, bitmap_blk); if (unlikely(!bh)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Cannot read inode bitmap - " "block_group = %u, inode_bitmap = %llu", block_group, bitmap_blk); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (bitmap_uptodate(bh)) goto verify; lock_buffer(bh); if (bitmap_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); goto verify; } ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT))) { if (block_group == 0) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); unlock_buffer(bh); ext4_error(sb, "Inode bitmap for bg 0 marked " "uninitialized"); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } memset(bh->b_data, 0, (EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) + 7) / 8); ext4_mark_bitmap_end(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb), sb->s_blocksize * 8, bh->b_data); set_bitmap_uptodate(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); set_buffer_verified(bh); ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); unlock_buffer(bh); return bh; } ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) { /* * if not uninit if bh is uptodate, * bitmap is also uptodate */ set_bitmap_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); goto verify; } /* * submit the buffer_head for reading */ trace_ext4_load_inode_bitmap(sb, block_group); ext4_read_bh(bh, REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, ext4_end_bitmap_read); ext4_simulate_fail_bh(sb, bh, EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_EIO); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { put_bh(bh); ext4_error_err(sb, EIO, "Cannot read inode bitmap - " "block_group = %u, inode_bitmap = %llu", block_group, bitmap_blk); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); return ERR_PTR(-EIO); } verify: err = ext4_validate_inode_bitmap(sb, desc, block_group, bh); if (err) goto out; return bh; out: put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } /* * NOTE! When we get the inode, we're the only people * that have access to it, and as such there are no * race conditions we have to worry about. The inode * is not on the hash-lists, and it cannot be reached * through the filesystem because the directory entry * has been deleted earlier. * * HOWEVER: we must make sure that we get no aliases, * which means that we have to call "clear_inode()" * _before_ we mark the inode not in use in the inode * bitmaps. Otherwise a newly created file might use * the same inode number (not actually the same pointer * though), and then we'd have two inodes sharing the * same inode number and space on the harddisk. */ void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; int is_directory; unsigned long ino; struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct buffer_head *bh2; ext4_group_t block_group; unsigned long bit; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct ext4_super_block *es; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; int fatal = 0, err, count, cleared; struct ext4_group_info *grp; if (!sb) { printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: %s:%d: inode on " "nonexistent device\n", __func__, __LINE__); return; } if (atomic_read(&inode->i_count) > 1) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s:%d: inode #%lu: count=%d", __func__, __LINE__, inode->i_ino, atomic_read(&inode->i_count)); return; } if (inode->i_nlink) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s:%d: inode #%lu: nlink=%d\n", __func__, __LINE__, inode->i_ino, inode->i_nlink); return; } sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ino = inode->i_ino; ext4_debug("freeing inode %lu\n", ino); trace_ext4_free_inode(inode); dquot_initialize(inode); dquot_free_inode(inode); is_directory = S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); /* Do this BEFORE marking the inode not in use or returning an error */ ext4_clear_inode(inode); es = sbi->s_es; if (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) || ino > le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count)) { ext4_error(sb, "reserved or nonexistent inode %lu", ino); goto error_return; } block_group = (ino - 1) / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); bit = (ino - 1) % EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_inode_bitmap(sb, block_group); /* Don't bother if the inode bitmap is corrupt. */ if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { fatal = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); bitmap_bh = NULL; goto error_return; } if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) { grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, block_group); if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp))) { fatal = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto error_return; } } BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "get_write_access"); fatal = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bitmap_bh); if (fatal) goto error_return; fatal = -ESRCH; gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, &bh2); if (gdp) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh2, "get_write_access"); fatal = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh2); } ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); cleared = ext4_test_and_clear_bit(bit, bitmap_bh->b_data); if (fatal || !cleared) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); goto out; } count = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp) + 1; ext4_free_inodes_set(sb, gdp, count); if (is_directory) { count = ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, gdp) - 1; ext4_used_dirs_set(sb, gdp, count); if (percpu_counter_initialized(&sbi->s_dirs_counter)) percpu_counter_dec(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); } ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp, bitmap_bh, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp); ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); if (percpu_counter_initialized(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter)) percpu_counter_inc(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { struct flex_groups *fg; fg = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, ext4_flex_group(sbi, block_group)); atomic_inc(&fg->free_inodes); if (is_directory) atomic_dec(&fg->used_dirs); } BUFFER_TRACE(bh2, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); fatal = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh2); out: if (cleared) { BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bitmap_bh); if (!fatal) fatal = err; } else { ext4_error(sb, "bit already cleared for inode %lu", ino); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); } error_return: brelse(bitmap_bh); ext4_std_error(sb, fatal); } struct orlov_stats { __u64 free_clusters; __u32 free_inodes; __u32 used_dirs; }; /* * Helper function for Orlov's allocator; returns critical information * for a particular block group or flex_bg. If flex_size is 1, then g * is a block group number; otherwise it is flex_bg number. */ static void get_orlov_stats(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t g, int flex_size, struct orlov_stats *stats) { struct ext4_group_desc *desc; if (flex_size > 1) { struct flex_groups *fg = sbi_array_rcu_deref(EXT4_SB(sb), s_flex_groups, g); stats->free_inodes = atomic_read(&fg->free_inodes); stats->free_clusters = atomic64_read(&fg->free_clusters); stats->used_dirs = atomic_read(&fg->used_dirs); return; } desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, g, NULL); if (desc) { stats->free_inodes = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc); stats->free_clusters = ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, desc); stats->used_dirs = ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, desc); } else { stats->free_inodes = 0; stats->free_clusters = 0; stats->used_dirs = 0; } } /* * Orlov's allocator for directories. * * We always try to spread first-level directories. * * If there are blockgroups with both free inodes and free clusters counts * not worse than average we return one with smallest directory count. * Otherwise we simply return a random group. * * For the rest rules look so: * * It's OK to put directory into a group unless * it has too many directories already (max_dirs) or * it has too few free inodes left (min_inodes) or * it has too few free clusters left (min_clusters) or * Parent's group is preferred, if it doesn't satisfy these * conditions we search cyclically through the rest. If none * of the groups look good we just look for a group with more * free inodes than average (starting at parent's group). */ static int find_group_orlov(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent, ext4_group_t *group, umode_t mode, const struct qstr *qstr) { ext4_group_t parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_group_t real_ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); int inodes_per_group = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); unsigned int freei, avefreei, grp_free; ext4_fsblk_t freec, avefreec; unsigned int ndirs; int max_dirs, min_inodes; ext4_grpblk_t min_clusters; ext4_group_t i, grp, g, ngroups; struct ext4_group_desc *desc; struct orlov_stats stats; int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(sbi); struct dx_hash_info hinfo; ngroups = real_ngroups; if (flex_size > 1) { ngroups = (real_ngroups + flex_size - 1) >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; parent_group >>= sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } freei = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); avefreei = freei / ngroups; freec = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter); avefreec = freec; do_div(avefreec, ngroups); ndirs = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); if (S_ISDIR(mode) && ((parent == d_inode(sb->s_root)) || (ext4_test_inode_flag(parent, EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR)))) { int best_ndir = inodes_per_group; int ret = -1; if (qstr) { hinfo.hash_version = DX_HASH_HALF_MD4; hinfo.seed = sbi->s_hash_seed; ext4fs_dirhash(parent, qstr->name, qstr->len, &hinfo); grp = hinfo.hash; } else grp = prandom_u32(); parent_group = (unsigned)grp % ngroups; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { g = (parent_group + i) % ngroups; get_orlov_stats(sb, g, flex_size, &stats); if (!stats.free_inodes) continue; if (stats.used_dirs >= best_ndir) continue; if (stats.free_inodes < avefreei) continue; if (stats.free_clusters < avefreec) continue; grp = g; ret = 0; best_ndir = stats.used_dirs; } if (ret) goto fallback; found_flex_bg: if (flex_size == 1) { *group = grp; return 0; } /* * We pack inodes at the beginning of the flexgroup's * inode tables. Block allocation decisions will do * something similar, although regular files will * start at 2nd block group of the flexgroup. See * ext4_ext_find_goal() and ext4_find_near(). */ grp *= flex_size; for (i = 0; i < flex_size; i++) { if (grp+i >= real_ngroups) break; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, grp+i, NULL); if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc)) { *group = grp+i; return 0; } } goto fallback; } max_dirs = ndirs / ngroups + inodes_per_group / 16; min_inodes = avefreei - inodes_per_group*flex_size / 4; if (min_inodes < 1) min_inodes = 1; min_clusters = avefreec - EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)*flex_size / 4; /* * Start looking in the flex group where we last allocated an * inode for this parent directory */ if (EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0) { parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group; if (flex_size > 1) parent_group >>= sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { grp = (parent_group + i) % ngroups; get_orlov_stats(sb, grp, flex_size, &stats); if (stats.used_dirs >= max_dirs) continue; if (stats.free_inodes < min_inodes) continue; if (stats.free_clusters < min_clusters) continue; goto found_flex_bg; } fallback: ngroups = real_ngroups; avefreei = freei / ngroups; fallback_retry: parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { grp = (parent_group + i) % ngroups; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, grp, NULL); if (desc) { grp_free = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc); if (grp_free && grp_free >= avefreei) { *group = grp; return 0; } } } if (avefreei) { /* * The free-inodes counter is approximate, and for really small * filesystems the above test can fail to find any blockgroups */ avefreei = 0; goto fallback_retry; } return -1; } static int find_group_other(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent, ext4_group_t *group, umode_t mode) { ext4_group_t parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group; ext4_group_t i, last, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); struct ext4_group_desc *desc; int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(EXT4_SB(sb)); /* * Try to place the inode is the same flex group as its * parent. If we can't find space, use the Orlov algorithm to * find another flex group, and store that information in the * parent directory's inode information so that use that flex * group for future allocations. */ if (flex_size > 1) { int retry = 0; try_again: parent_group &= ~(flex_size-1); last = parent_group + flex_size; if (last > ngroups) last = ngroups; for (i = parent_group; i < last; i++) { desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc)) { *group = i; return 0; } } if (!retry && EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0) { retry = 1; parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group; goto try_again; } /* * If this didn't work, use the Orlov search algorithm * to find a new flex group; we pass in the mode to * avoid the topdir algorithms. */ *group = parent_group + flex_size; if (*group > ngroups) *group = 0; return find_group_orlov(sb, parent, group, mode, NULL); } /* * Try to place the inode in its parent directory */ *group = parent_group; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, *group, NULL); if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc) && ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, desc)) return 0; /* * We're going to place this inode in a different blockgroup from its * parent. We want to cause files in a common directory to all land in * the same blockgroup. But we want files which are in a different * directory which shares a blockgroup with our parent to land in a * different blockgroup. * * So add our directory's i_ino into the starting point for the hash. */ *group = (*group + parent->i_ino) % ngroups; /* * Use a quadratic hash to find a group with a free inode and some free * blocks. */ for (i = 1; i < ngroups; i <<= 1) { *group += i; if (*group >= ngroups) *group -= ngroups; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, *group, NULL); if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc) && ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, desc)) return 0; } /* * That failed: try linear search for a free inode, even if that group * has no free blocks. */ *group = parent_group; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { if (++*group >= ngroups) *group = 0; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, *group, NULL); if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc)) return 0; } return -1; } /* * In no journal mode, if an inode has recently been deleted, we want * to avoid reusing it until we're reasonably sure the inode table * block has been written back to disk. (Yes, these values are * somewhat arbitrary...) */ #define RECENTCY_MIN 60 #define RECENTCY_DIRTY 300 static int recently_deleted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int ino) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct buffer_head *bh; int inodes_per_block = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_inodes_per_block; int offset, ret = 0; int recentcy = RECENTCY_MIN; u32 dtime, now; gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); if (unlikely(!gdp)) return 0; bh = sb_find_get_block(sb, ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp) + (ino / inodes_per_block)); if (!bh || !buffer_uptodate(bh)) /* * If the block is not in the buffer cache, then it * must have been written out. */ goto out; offset = (ino % inodes_per_block) * EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb); raw_inode = (struct ext4_inode *) (bh->b_data + offset); /* i_dtime is only 32 bits on disk, but we only care about relative * times in the range of a few minutes (i.e. long enough to sync a * recently-deleted inode to disk), so using the low 32 bits of the * clock (a 68 year range) is enough, see time_before32() */ dtime = le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_dtime); now = ktime_get_real_seconds(); if (buffer_dirty(bh)) recentcy += RECENTCY_DIRTY; if (dtime && time_before32(dtime, now) && time_before32(now, dtime + recentcy)) ret = 1; out: brelse(bh); return ret; } static int find_inode_bit(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct buffer_head *bitmap, unsigned long *ino) { bool check_recently_deleted = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal == NULL; unsigned long recently_deleted_ino = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); next: *ino = ext4_find_next_zero_bit((unsigned long *) bitmap->b_data, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb), *ino); if (*ino >= EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)) goto not_found; if (check_recently_deleted && recently_deleted(sb, group, *ino)) { recently_deleted_ino = *ino; *ino = *ino + 1; if (*ino < EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)) goto next; goto not_found; } return 1; not_found: if (recently_deleted_ino >= EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)) return 0; /* * Not reusing recently deleted inodes is mostly a preference. We don't * want to report ENOSPC or skew allocation patterns because of that. * So return even recently deleted inode if we could find better in the * given range. */ *ino = recently_deleted_ino; return 1; } int ext4_mark_inode_used(struct super_block *sb, int ino) { unsigned long max_ino = le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count); struct buffer_head *inode_bitmap_bh = NULL, *group_desc_bh = NULL; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; ext4_group_t group; int bit; int err = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) || ino > max_ino) goto out; group = (ino - 1) / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); bit = (ino - 1) % EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); inode_bitmap_bh = ext4_read_inode_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(inode_bitmap_bh)) return PTR_ERR(inode_bitmap_bh); if (ext4_test_bit(bit, inode_bitmap_bh->b_data)) { err = 0; goto out; } gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, &group_desc_bh); if (!gdp || !group_desc_bh) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } ext4_set_bit(bit, inode_bitmap_bh->b_data); BUFFER_TRACE(inode_bitmap_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, inode_bitmap_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } err = sync_dirty_buffer(inode_bitmap_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } /* We may have to initialize the block bitmap if it isn't already */ if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) { struct buffer_head *block_bitmap_bh; block_bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(block_bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(block_bitmap_bh); goto out; } BUFFER_TRACE(block_bitmap_bh, "dirty block bitmap"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, block_bitmap_bh); sync_dirty_buffer(block_bitmap_bh); /* recheck and clear flag under lock if we still need to */ ext4_lock_group(sb, group); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT))) { gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT); ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, ext4_free_clusters_after_init(sb, group, gdp)); ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, block_bitmap_bh); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); } ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); brelse(block_bitmap_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } } /* Update the relevant bg descriptor fields */ if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) { int free; ext4_lock_group(sb, group); /* while we modify the bg desc */ free = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) - ext4_itable_unused_count(sb, gdp); if (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT)) { gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT); free = 0; } /* * Check the relative inode number against the last used * relative inode number in this group. if it is greater * we need to update the bg_itable_unused count */ if (bit >= free) ext4_itable_unused_set(sb, gdp, (EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) - bit - 1)); } else { ext4_lock_group(sb, group); } ext4_free_inodes_set(sb, gdp, ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp) - 1); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) { ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, inode_bitmap_bh, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); } ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, group_desc_bh); sync_dirty_buffer(group_desc_bh); out: return err; } static int ext4_xattr_credits_for_new_inode(struct inode *dir, mode_t mode, bool encrypt) { struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb; int nblocks = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *p = get_acl(dir, ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT); if (IS_ERR(p)) return PTR_ERR(p); if (p) { int acl_size = p->a_count * sizeof(ext4_acl_entry); nblocks += (S_ISDIR(mode) ? 2 : 1) * __ext4_xattr_set_credits(sb, NULL /* inode */, NULL /* block_bh */, acl_size, true /* is_create */); posix_acl_release(p); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY { int num_security_xattrs = 1; #ifdef CONFIG_INTEGRITY num_security_xattrs++; #endif /* * We assume that security xattrs are never more than 1k. * In practice they are under 128 bytes. */ nblocks += num_security_xattrs * __ext4_xattr_set_credits(sb, NULL /* inode */, NULL /* block_bh */, 1024, true /* is_create */); } #endif if (encrypt) nblocks += __ext4_xattr_set_credits(sb, NULL /* inode */, NULL /* block_bh */, FSCRYPT_SET_CONTEXT_MAX_SIZE, true /* is_create */); return nblocks; } /* * There are two policies for allocating an inode. If the new inode is * a directory, then a forward search is made for a block group with both * free space and a low directory-to-inode ratio; if that fails, then of * the groups with above-average free space, that group with the fewest * directories already is chosen. * * For other inodes, search forward from the parent directory's block * group to find a free inode. */ struct inode *__ext4_new_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, umode_t mode, const struct qstr *qstr, __u32 goal, uid_t *owner, __u32 i_flags, int handle_type, unsigned int line_no, int nblocks) { struct super_block *sb; struct buffer_head *inode_bitmap_bh = NULL; struct buffer_head *group_desc_bh; ext4_group_t ngroups, group = 0; unsigned long ino = 0; struct inode *inode; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; struct ext4_inode_info *ei; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; int ret2, err; struct inode *ret; ext4_group_t i; ext4_group_t flex_group; struct ext4_group_info *grp = NULL; bool encrypt = false; /* Cannot create files in a deleted directory */ if (!dir || !dir->i_nlink) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); sb = dir->i_sb; sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(sbi))) return ERR_PTR(-EIO); ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); trace_ext4_request_inode(dir, mode); inode = new_inode(sb); if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); ei = EXT4_I(inode); /* * Initialize owners and quota early so that we don't have to account * for quota initialization worst case in standard inode creating * transaction */ if (owner) { inode->i_mode = mode; i_uid_write(inode, owner[0]); i_gid_write(inode, owner[1]); } else if (test_opt(sb, GRPID)) { inode->i_mode = mode; inode->i_uid = current_fsuid(); inode->i_gid = dir->i_gid; } else inode_init_owner(inode, dir, mode); if (ext4_has_feature_project(sb) && ext4_test_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT)) ei->i_projid = EXT4_I(dir)->i_projid; else ei->i_projid = make_kprojid(&init_user_ns, EXT4_DEF_PROJID); if (!(i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) { err = fscrypt_prepare_new_inode(dir, inode, &encrypt); if (err) goto out; } err = dquot_initialize(inode); if (err) goto out; if (!handle && sbi->s_journal && !(i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) { ret2 = ext4_xattr_credits_for_new_inode(dir, mode, encrypt); if (ret2 < 0) { err = ret2; goto out; } nblocks += ret2; } if (!goal) goal = sbi->s_inode_goal; if (goal && goal <= le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_inodes_count)) { group = (goal - 1) / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); ino = (goal - 1) % EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); ret2 = 0; goto got_group; } if (S_ISDIR(mode)) ret2 = find_group_orlov(sb, dir, &group, mode, qstr); else ret2 = find_group_other(sb, dir, &group, mode); got_group: EXT4_I(dir)->i_last_alloc_group = group; err = -ENOSPC; if (ret2 == -1) goto out; /* * Normally we will only go through one pass of this loop, * unless we get unlucky and it turns out the group we selected * had its last inode grabbed by someone else. */ for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++, ino = 0) { err = -EIO; gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, &group_desc_bh); if (!gdp) goto out; /* * Check free inodes count before loading bitmap. */ if (ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp) == 0) goto next_group; if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) { grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); /* * Skip groups with already-known suspicious inode * tables */ if (EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp)) goto next_group; } brelse(inode_bitmap_bh); inode_bitmap_bh = ext4_read_inode_bitmap(sb, group); /* Skip groups with suspicious inode tables */ if (((!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) && EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp)) || IS_ERR(inode_bitmap_bh)) { inode_bitmap_bh = NULL; goto next_group; } repeat_in_this_group: ret2 = find_inode_bit(sb, group, inode_bitmap_bh, &ino); if (!ret2) goto next_group; if (group == 0 && (ino + 1) < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb)) { ext4_error(sb, "reserved inode found cleared - " "inode=%lu", ino + 1); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); goto next_group; } if ((!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) && !handle) { BUG_ON(nblocks <= 0); handle = __ext4_journal_start_sb(dir->i_sb, line_no, handle_type, nblocks, 0, ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } } BUFFER_TRACE(inode_bitmap_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, inode_bitmap_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } ext4_lock_group(sb, group); ret2 = ext4_test_and_set_bit(ino, inode_bitmap_bh->b_data); if (ret2) { /* Someone already took the bit. Repeat the search * with lock held. */ ret2 = find_inode_bit(sb, group, inode_bitmap_bh, &ino); if (ret2) { ext4_set_bit(ino, inode_bitmap_bh->b_data); ret2 = 0; } else { ret2 = 1; /* we didn't grab the inode */ } } ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); ino++; /* the inode bitmap is zero-based */ if (!ret2) goto got; /* we grabbed the inode! */ if (ino < EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)) goto repeat_in_this_group; next_group: if (++group == ngroups) group = 0; } err = -ENOSPC; goto out; got: BUFFER_TRACE(inode_bitmap_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, inode_bitmap_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } BUFFER_TRACE(group_desc_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, group_desc_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } /* We may have to initialize the block bitmap if it isn't already */ if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) { struct buffer_head *block_bitmap_bh; block_bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group); if (IS_ERR(block_bitmap_bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(block_bitmap_bh); goto out; } BUFFER_TRACE(block_bitmap_bh, "get block bitmap access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, block_bitmap_bh); if (err) { brelse(block_bitmap_bh); ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } BUFFER_TRACE(block_bitmap_bh, "dirty block bitmap"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, block_bitmap_bh); /* recheck and clear flag under lock if we still need to */ ext4_lock_group(sb, group); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT))) { gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT); ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp, ext4_free_clusters_after_init(sb, group, gdp)); ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, block_bitmap_bh); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); } ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); brelse(block_bitmap_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } } /* Update the relevant bg descriptor fields */ if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) { int free; struct ext4_group_info *grp = NULL; if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) { grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); down_read(&grp->alloc_sem); /* * protect vs itable * lazyinit */ } ext4_lock_group(sb, group); /* while we modify the bg desc */ free = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) - ext4_itable_unused_count(sb, gdp); if (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT)) { gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT); free = 0; } /* * Check the relative inode number against the last used * relative inode number in this group. if it is greater * we need to update the bg_itable_unused count */ if (ino > free) ext4_itable_unused_set(sb, gdp, (EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) - ino)); if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) up_read(&grp->alloc_sem); } else { ext4_lock_group(sb, group); } ext4_free_inodes_set(sb, gdp, ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp) - 1); if (S_ISDIR(mode)) { ext4_used_dirs_set(sb, gdp, ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, gdp) + 1); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { ext4_group_t f = ext4_flex_group(sbi, group); atomic_inc(&sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, f)->used_dirs); } } if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) { ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, inode_bitmap_bh, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); } ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); BUFFER_TRACE(group_desc_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, group_desc_bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto out; } percpu_counter_dec(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); if (S_ISDIR(mode)) percpu_counter_inc(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, group); atomic_dec(&sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group)->free_inodes); } inode->i_ino = ino + group * EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); /* This is the optimal IO size (for stat), not the fs block size */ inode->i_blocks = 0; inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ei->i_crtime = inode->i_mtime; memset(ei->i_data, 0, sizeof(ei->i_data)); ei->i_dir_start_lookup = 0; ei->i_disksize = 0; /* Don't inherit extent flag from directory, amongst others. */ ei->i_flags = ext4_mask_flags(mode, EXT4_I(dir)->i_flags & EXT4_FL_INHERITED); ei->i_flags |= i_flags; ei->i_file_acl = 0; ei->i_dtime = 0; ei->i_block_group = group; ei->i_last_alloc_group = ~0; ext4_set_inode_flags(inode, true); if (IS_DIRSYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (insert_inode_locked(inode) < 0) { /* * Likely a bitmap corruption causing inode to be allocated * twice. */ err = -EIO; ext4_error(sb, "failed to insert inode %lu: doubly allocated?", inode->i_ino); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); goto out; } inode->i_generation = prandom_u32(); /* Precompute checksum seed for inode metadata */ if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) { __u32 csum; __le32 inum = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); __le32 gen = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_generation); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)&inum, sizeof(inum)); ei->i_csum_seed = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&gen, sizeof(gen)); } ext4_clear_state_flags(ei); /* Only relevant on 32-bit archs */ ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEW); ei->i_extra_isize = sbi->s_want_extra_isize; ei->i_inline_off = 0; if (ext4_has_feature_inline_data(sb) && (!(ei->i_flags & EXT4_DAX_FL) || S_ISDIR(mode))) ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA); ret = inode; err = dquot_alloc_inode(inode); if (err) goto fail_drop; /* * Since the encryption xattr will always be unique, create it first so * that it's less likely to end up in an external xattr block and * prevent its deduplication. */ if (encrypt) { err = fscrypt_set_context(inode, handle); if (err) goto fail_free_drop; } if (!(ei->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) { err = ext4_init_acl(handle, inode, dir); if (err) goto fail_free_drop; err = ext4_init_security(handle, inode, dir, qstr); if (err) goto fail_free_drop; } if (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) { /* set extent flag only for directory, file and normal symlink*/ if (S_ISDIR(mode) || S_ISREG(mode) || S_ISLNK(mode)) { ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS); ext4_ext_tree_init(handle, inode); } } if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) { ei->i_sync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; ei->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; } err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err) { ext4_std_error(sb, err); goto fail_free_drop; } ext4_debug("allocating inode %lu\n", inode->i_ino); trace_ext4_allocate_inode(inode, dir, mode); brelse(inode_bitmap_bh); return ret; fail_free_drop: dquot_free_inode(inode); fail_drop: clear_nlink(inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); out: dquot_drop(inode); inode->i_flags |= S_NOQUOTA; iput(inode); brelse(inode_bitmap_bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } /* Verify that we are loading a valid orphan from disk */ struct inode *ext4_orphan_get(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino) { unsigned long max_ino = le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count); ext4_group_t block_group; int bit; struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct inode *inode = NULL; int err = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) || ino > max_ino) goto bad_orphan; block_group = (ino - 1) / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); bit = (ino - 1) % EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_inode_bitmap(sb, block_group); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) return ERR_CAST(bitmap_bh); /* Having the inode bit set should be a 100% indicator that this * is a valid orphan (no e2fsck run on fs). Orphans also include * inodes that were being truncated, so we can't check i_nlink==0. */ if (!ext4_test_bit(bit, bitmap_bh->b_data)) goto bad_orphan; inode = ext4_iget(sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { err = PTR_ERR(inode); ext4_error_err(sb, -err, "couldn't read orphan inode %lu (err %d)", ino, err); brelse(bitmap_bh); return inode; } /* * If the orphans has i_nlinks > 0 then it should be able to * be truncated, otherwise it won't be removed from the orphan * list during processing and an infinite loop will result. * Similarly, it must not be a bad inode. */ if ((inode->i_nlink && !ext4_can_truncate(inode)) || is_bad_inode(inode)) goto bad_orphan; if (NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) > max_ino) goto bad_orphan; brelse(bitmap_bh); return inode; bad_orphan: ext4_error(sb, "bad orphan inode %lu", ino); if (bitmap_bh) printk(KERN_ERR "ext4_test_bit(bit=%d, block=%llu) = %d\n", bit, (unsigned long long)bitmap_bh->b_blocknr, ext4_test_bit(bit, bitmap_bh->b_data)); if (inode) { printk(KERN_ERR "is_bad_inode(inode)=%d\n", is_bad_inode(inode)); printk(KERN_ERR "NEXT_ORPHAN(inode)=%u\n", NEXT_ORPHAN(inode)); printk(KERN_ERR "max_ino=%lu\n", max_ino); printk(KERN_ERR "i_nlink=%u\n", inode->i_nlink); /* Avoid freeing blocks if we got a bad deleted inode */ if (inode->i_nlink == 0) inode->i_blocks = 0; iput(inode); } brelse(bitmap_bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } unsigned long ext4_count_free_inodes(struct super_block *sb) { unsigned long desc_count; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; ext4_group_t i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); #ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG struct ext4_super_block *es; unsigned long bitmap_count, x; struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; desc_count = 0; bitmap_count = 0; gdp = NULL; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (!gdp) continue; desc_count += ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp); brelse(bitmap_bh); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_inode_bitmap(sb, i); if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { bitmap_bh = NULL; continue; } x = ext4_count_free(bitmap_bh->b_data, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8); printk(KERN_DEBUG "group %lu: stored = %d, counted = %lu\n", (unsigned long) i, ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp), x); bitmap_count += x; } brelse(bitmap_bh); printk(KERN_DEBUG "ext4_count_free_inodes: " "stored = %u, computed = %lu, %lu\n", le32_to_cpu(es->s_free_inodes_count), desc_count, bitmap_count); return desc_count; #else desc_count = 0; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (!gdp) continue; desc_count += ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp); cond_resched(); } return desc_count; #endif } /* Called at mount-time, super-block is locked */ unsigned long ext4_count_dirs(struct super_block * sb) { unsigned long count = 0; ext4_group_t i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (!gdp) continue; count += ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, gdp); } return count; } /* * Zeroes not yet zeroed inode table - just write zeroes through the whole * inode table. Must be called without any spinlock held. The only place * where it is called from on active part of filesystem is ext4lazyinit * thread, so we do not need any special locks, however we have to prevent * inode allocation from the current group, so we take alloc_sem lock, to * block ext4_new_inode() until we are finished. */ int ext4_init_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int barrier) { struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; struct buffer_head *group_desc_bh; handle_t *handle; ext4_fsblk_t blk; int num, ret = 0, used_blks = 0; unsigned long used_inos = 0; /* This should not happen, but just to be sure check this */ if (sb_rdonly(sb)) { ret = 1; goto out; } gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, &group_desc_bh); if (!gdp) goto out; /* * We do not need to lock this, because we are the only one * handling this flag. */ if (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED)) goto out; handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_MISC, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out; } down_write(&grp->alloc_sem); /* * If inode bitmap was already initialized there may be some * used inodes so we need to skip blocks with used inodes in * inode table. */ if (!(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT))) { used_inos = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) - ext4_itable_unused_count(sb, gdp); used_blks = DIV_ROUND_UP(used_inos, sbi->s_inodes_per_block); /* Bogus inode unused count? */ if (used_blks < 0 || used_blks > sbi->s_itb_per_group) { ext4_error(sb, "Something is wrong with group %u: " "used itable blocks: %d; " "itable unused count: %u", group, used_blks, ext4_itable_unused_count(sb, gdp)); ret = 1; goto err_out; } used_inos += group * EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); /* * Are there some uninitialized inodes in the inode table * before the first normal inode? */ if ((used_blks != sbi->s_itb_per_group) && (used_inos < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb))) { ext4_error(sb, "Something is wrong with group %u: " "itable unused count: %u; " "itables initialized count: %ld", group, ext4_itable_unused_count(sb, gdp), used_inos); ret = 1; goto err_out; } } blk = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp) + used_blks; num = sbi->s_itb_per_group - used_blks; BUFFER_TRACE(group_desc_bh, "get_write_access"); ret = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, group_desc_bh); if (ret) goto err_out; /* * Skip zeroout if the inode table is full. But we set the ZEROED * flag anyway, because obviously, when it is full it does not need * further zeroing. */ if (unlikely(num == 0)) goto skip_zeroout; ext4_debug("going to zero out inode table in group %d\n", group); ret = sb_issue_zeroout(sb, blk, num, GFP_NOFS); if (ret < 0) goto err_out; if (barrier) blkdev_issue_flush(sb->s_bdev, GFP_NOFS); skip_zeroout: ext4_lock_group(sb, group); gdp->bg_flags |= cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp); ext4_unlock_group(sb, group); BUFFER_TRACE(group_desc_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, group_desc_bh); err_out: up_write(&grp->alloc_sem); ext4_journal_stop(handle); out: return ret; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * net/dst.h Protocol independent destination cache definitions. * * Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> * */ #ifndef _NET_DST_H #define _NET_DST_H #include <net/dst_ops.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> #include <asm/processor.h> struct sk_buff; struct dst_entry { struct net_device *dev; struct dst_ops *ops; unsigned long _metrics; unsigned long expires; #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct xfrm_state *xfrm; #else void *__pad1; #endif int (*input)(struct sk_buff *); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); unsigned short flags; #define DST_NOXFRM 0x0002 #define DST_NOPOLICY 0x0004 #define DST_NOCOUNT 0x0008 #define DST_FAKE_RTABLE 0x0010 #define DST_XFRM_TUNNEL 0x0020 #define DST_XFRM_QUEUE 0x0040 #define DST_METADATA 0x0080 /* A non-zero value of dst->obsolete forces by-hand validation * of the route entry. Positive values are set by the generic * dst layer to indicate that the entry has been forcefully * destroyed. * * Negative values are used by the implementation layer code to * force invocation of the dst_ops->check() method. */ short obsolete; #define DST_OBSOLETE_NONE 0 #define DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD 2 #define DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK -1 #define DST_OBSOLETE_KILL -2 unsigned short header_len; /* more space at head required */ unsigned short trailer_len; /* space to reserve at tail */ /* * __refcnt wants to be on a different cache line from * input/output/ops or performance tanks badly */ #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 64-bit offset 64 */ #endif int __use; unsigned long lastuse; struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate; struct rcu_head rcu_head; short error; short __pad; __u32 tclassid; #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 32-bit offset 64 */ #endif }; struct dst_metrics { u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; refcount_t refcnt; } __aligned(4); /* Low pointer bits contain DST_METRICS_FLAGS */ extern const struct dst_metrics dst_default_metrics; u32 *dst_cow_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); #define DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY 0x1UL #define DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED 0x2UL #define DST_METRICS_FLAGS 0x3UL #define __DST_METRICS_PTR(Y) \ ((u32 *)((Y) & ~DST_METRICS_FLAGS)) #define DST_METRICS_PTR(X) __DST_METRICS_PTR((X)->_metrics) static inline bool dst_metrics_read_only(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->_metrics & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY; } void __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); static inline void dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long val = dst->_metrics; if (!(val & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY)) __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(dst, val); } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_write_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long p = dst->_metrics; BUG_ON(!p); if (p & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY) return dst->ops->cow_metrics(dst, p); return __DST_METRICS_PTR(p); } /* This may only be invoked before the entry has reached global * visibility. */ static inline void dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, const u32 *src_metrics, bool read_only) { dst->_metrics = ((unsigned long) src_metrics) | (read_only ? DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY : 0); } static inline void dst_copy_metrics(struct dst_entry *dest, const struct dst_entry *src) { u32 *dst_metrics = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dest); if (dst_metrics) { u32 *src_metrics = DST_METRICS_PTR(src); memcpy(dst_metrics, src_metrics, RTAX_MAX * sizeof(u32)); } } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { return DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); } static inline u32 dst_metric_raw(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { u32 *p = DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); return p[metric-1]; } static inline u32 dst_metric(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { WARN_ON_ONCE(metric == RTAX_HOPLIMIT || metric == RTAX_ADVMSS || metric == RTAX_MTU); return dst_metric_raw(dst, metric); } static inline u32 dst_metric_advmss(const struct dst_entry *dst) { u32 advmss = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_ADVMSS); if (!advmss) advmss = dst->ops->default_advmss(dst); return advmss; } static inline void dst_metric_set(struct dst_entry *dst, int metric, u32 val) { u32 *p = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dst); if (p) p[metric-1] = val; } /* Kernel-internal feature bits that are unallocated in user space. */ #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA (1U << 31) #define DST_FEATURE_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA) #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA | RTAX_FEATURE_ECN) static inline u32 dst_feature(const struct dst_entry *dst, u32 feature) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_FEATURES) & feature; } static inline u32 dst_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->ops->mtu(dst); } /* RTT metrics are stored in milliseconds for user ABI, but used as jiffies */ static inline unsigned long dst_metric_rtt(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return msecs_to_jiffies(dst_metric(dst, metric)); } static inline u32 dst_allfrag(const struct dst_entry *dst) { int ret = dst_feature(dst, RTAX_FEATURE_ALLFRAG); return ret; } static inline int dst_metric_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_LOCK) & (1 << metric); } static inline void dst_hold(struct dst_entry *dst) { /* * If your kernel compilation stops here, please check * the placement of __refcnt in struct dst_entry */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct dst_entry, __refcnt) & 63); WARN_ON(atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt) == 0); } static inline void dst_use_noref(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { if (unlikely(time != dst->lastuse)) { dst->__use++; dst->lastuse = time; } } static inline void dst_hold_and_use(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { dst_hold(dst); dst_use_noref(dst, time); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_clone(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (dst) dst_hold(dst); return dst; } void dst_release(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_release_immediate(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void refdst_drop(unsigned long refdst) { if (!(refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_release((struct dst_entry *)(refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK)); } /** * skb_dst_drop - drops skb dst * @skb: buffer * * Drops dst reference count if a reference was taken. */ static inline void skb_dst_drop(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->_skb_refdst) { refdst_drop(skb->_skb_refdst); skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } } static inline void __skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, unsigned long refdst) { nskb->_skb_refdst = refdst; if (!(nskb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_clone(skb_dst(nskb)); } static inline void skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, const struct sk_buff *oskb) { __skb_dst_copy(nskb, oskb->_skb_refdst); } /** * dst_hold_safe - Take a reference on a dst if possible * @dst: pointer to dst entry * * This helper returns false if it could not safely * take a reference on a dst. */ static inline bool dst_hold_safe(struct dst_entry *dst) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt); } /** * skb_dst_force - makes sure skb dst is refcounted * @skb: buffer * * If dst is not yet refcounted and not destroyed, grab a ref on it. * Returns true if dst is refcounted. */ static inline bool skb_dst_force(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_dst_is_noref(skb)) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held()); if (!dst_hold_safe(dst)) dst = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } return skb->_skb_refdst != 0UL; } /** * __skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups. (no accounting done) */ static inline void __skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { skb->dev = dev; /* * Clear hash so that we can recalulate the hash for the * encapsulated packet, unless we have already determine the hash * over the L4 4-tuple. */ skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(skb); skb_set_queue_mapping(skb, 0); skb_scrub_packet(skb, !net_eq(net, dev_net(dev))); } /** * skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups, and perform accounting. * Note: this accounting is not SMP safe. */ static inline void skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { /* TODO : stats should be SMP safe */ dev->stats.rx_packets++; dev->stats.rx_bytes += skb->len; __skb_tunnel_rx(skb, dev, net); } static inline u32 dst_tclassid(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID const struct dst_entry *dst; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst) return dst->tclassid; #endif return 0; } int dst_discard_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int dst_discard(struct sk_buff *skb) { return dst_discard_out(&init_net, skb->sk, skb); } void *dst_alloc(struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); void dst_init(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); struct dst_entry *dst_destroy(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_dev_put(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void dst_confirm(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { struct neighbour *n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, NULL, daddr); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup_skb(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct neighbour *n = NULL; /* The packets from tunnel devices (eg bareudp) may have only * metadata in the dst pointer of skb. Hence a pointer check of * neigh_lookup is needed. */ if (dst->ops->neigh_lookup) n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, skb, NULL); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline void dst_confirm_neigh(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { if (dst->ops->confirm_neigh) dst->ops->confirm_neigh(dst, daddr); } static inline void dst_link_failure(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops && dst->ops->link_failure) dst->ops->link_failure(skb); } static inline void dst_set_expires(struct dst_entry *dst, int timeout) { unsigned long expires = jiffies + timeout; if (expires == 0) expires = 1; if (dst->expires == 0 || time_before(expires, dst->expires)) dst->expires = expires; } /* Output packet to network from transport. */ static inline int dst_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->output(net, sk, skb); } /* Input packet from network to transport. */ static inline int dst_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->input(skb); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie) { if (dst->obsolete) dst = dst->ops->check(dst, cookie); return dst; } /* Flags for xfrm_lookup flags argument. */ enum { XFRM_LOOKUP_ICMP = 1 << 0, XFRM_LOOKUP_QUEUE = 1 << 1, XFRM_LOOKUP_KEEP_DST_REF = 1 << 2, }; struct flowi; #ifndef CONFIG_XFRM static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry * xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return NULL; } #else struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); /* skb attached with this dst needs transformation if dst->xfrm is valid */ static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->xfrm; } #endif static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, true); } /* update dst pmtu but not do neighbor confirm */ static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu_no_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, false); } struct dst_entry *dst_blackhole_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie); void dst_blackhole_update_pmtu(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void dst_blackhole_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 *dst_blackhole_cow_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); struct neighbour *dst_blackhole_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); unsigned int dst_blackhole_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst); #endif /* _NET_DST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * * Generic internet FLOW. * */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_H #define _NET_FLOW_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* * ifindex generation is per-net namespace, and loopback is * always the 1st device in ns (see net_dev_init), thus any * loopback device should get ifindex 1 */ #define LOOPBACK_IFINDEX 1 struct flowi_tunnel { __be64 tun_id; }; struct flowi_common { int flowic_oif; int flowic_iif; __u32 flowic_mark; __u8 flowic_tos; __u8 flowic_scope; __u8 flowic_proto; __u8 flowic_flags; #define FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC 0x01 #define FLOWI_FLAG_KNOWN_NH 0x02 #define FLOWI_FLAG_SKIP_NH_OIF 0x04 __u32 flowic_secid; kuid_t flowic_uid; struct flowi_tunnel flowic_tun_key; __u32 flowic_multipath_hash; }; union flowi_uli { struct { __be16 dport; __be16 sport; } ports; struct { __u8 type; __u8 code; } icmpt; struct { __le16 dport; __le16 sport; } dnports; __be32 spi; __be32 gre_key; struct { __u8 type; } mht; }; struct flowi4 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi4_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi4_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi4_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi4_tos __fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi4_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi4_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi4_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi4_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi4_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi4_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid #define flowi4_multipath_hash __fl_common.flowic_multipath_hash /* (saddr,daddr) must be grouped, same order as in IP header */ __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl4_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl4_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl4_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl4_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl4_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl4_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl4_gre_key uli.gre_key } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline void flowi4_init_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u32 mark, __u8 tos, __u8 scope, __u8 proto, __u8 flags, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be16 dport, __be16 sport, kuid_t uid) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_iif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_scope = scope; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->flowi4_flags = flags; fl4->flowi4_secid = 0; fl4->flowi4_tun_key.tun_id = 0; fl4->flowi4_uid = uid; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->fl4_dport = dport; fl4->fl4_sport = sport; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = 0; } /* Reset some input parameters after previous lookup */ static inline void flowi4_update_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u8 tos, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; } struct flowi6 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi6_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi6_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi6_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi6_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi6_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi6_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi6_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi6_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi6_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid struct in6_addr daddr; struct in6_addr saddr; /* Note: flowi6_tos is encoded in flowlabel, too. */ __be32 flowlabel; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl6_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl6_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl6_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl6_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl6_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl6_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl6_gre_key uli.gre_key __u32 mp_hash; } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowidn { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowidn_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowidn_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowidn_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowidn_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowidn_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowidn_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags __le16 daddr; __le16 saddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fld_sport uli.ports.sport #define fld_dport uli.ports.dport } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowi { union { struct flowi_common __fl_common; struct flowi4 ip4; struct flowi6 ip6; struct flowidn dn; } u; #define flowi_oif u.__fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi_iif u.__fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi_mark u.__fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi_tos u.__fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi_scope u.__fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi_proto u.__fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi_flags u.__fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi_secid u.__fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi_tun_key u.__fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi_uid u.__fl_common.flowic_uid } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline struct flowi *flowi4_to_flowi(struct flowi4 *fl4) { return container_of(fl4, struct flowi, u.ip4); } static inline struct flowi *flowi6_to_flowi(struct flowi6 *fl6) { return container_of(fl6, struct flowi, u.ip6); } static inline struct flowi *flowidn_to_flowi(struct flowidn *fldn) { return container_of(fldn, struct flowi, u.dn); } __u32 __get_hash_from_flowi6(const struct flowi6 *fl6, struct flow_keys *keys); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #define _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* pgprot_t */ #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <asm/vmalloc.h> struct vm_area_struct; /* vma defining user mapping in mm_types.h */ struct notifier_block; /* in notifier.h */ /* bits in flags of vmalloc's vm_struct below */ #define VM_IOREMAP 0x00000001 /* ioremap() and friends */ #define VM_ALLOC 0x00000002 /* vmalloc() */ #define VM_MAP 0x00000004 /* vmap()ed pages */ #define VM_USERMAP 0x00000008 /* suitable for remap_vmalloc_range */ #define VM_DMA_COHERENT 0x00000010 /* dma_alloc_coherent */ #define VM_UNINITIALIZED 0x00000020 /* vm_struct is not fully initialized */ #define VM_NO_GUARD 0x00000040 /* don't add guard page */ #define VM_KASAN 0x00000080 /* has allocated kasan shadow memory */ #define VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS 0x00000100 /* reset direct map and flush TLB on unmap, can't be freed in atomic context */ #define VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES 0x00000200 /* put pages and free array in vfree */ /* * VM_KASAN is used slighly differently depending on CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC. * * If IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC), VM_KASAN is set on a vm_struct after * shadow memory has been mapped. It's used to handle allocation errors so that * we don't try to poision shadow on free if it was never allocated. * * Otherwise, VM_KASAN is set for kasan_module_alloc() allocations and used to * determine which allocations need the module shadow freed. */ /* bits [20..32] reserved for arch specific ioremap internals */ /* * Maximum alignment for ioremap() regions. * Can be overriden by arch-specific value. */ #ifndef IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER #define IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER (7 + PAGE_SHIFT) /* 128 pages */ #endif struct vm_struct { struct vm_struct *next; void *addr; unsigned long size; unsigned long flags; struct page **pages; unsigned int nr_pages; phys_addr_t phys_addr; const void *caller; }; struct vmap_area { unsigned long va_start; unsigned long va_end; struct rb_node rb_node; /* address sorted rbtree */ struct list_head list; /* address sorted list */ /* * The following three variables can be packed, because * a vmap_area object is always one of the three states: * 1) in "free" tree (root is vmap_area_root) * 2) in "busy" tree (root is free_vmap_area_root) * 3) in purge list (head is vmap_purge_list) */ union { unsigned long subtree_max_size; /* in "free" tree */ struct vm_struct *vm; /* in "busy" tree */ struct llist_node purge_list; /* in purge list */ }; }; /* * Highlevel APIs for driver use */ extern void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count); extern void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node); extern void vm_unmap_aliases(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void __init vmalloc_init(void); extern unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void); #else static inline void vmalloc_init(void) { } static inline unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void) { return 0; } #endif extern void *vmalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vzalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size); extern void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node, const void *caller); void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node, const void *caller); extern void vfree(const void *addr); extern void vfree_atomic(const void *addr); extern void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot); void *vmap_pfn(unsigned long *pfns, unsigned int count, pgprot_t prot); extern void vunmap(const void *addr); extern int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr, void *kaddr, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long size); extern int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr, unsigned long pgoff); /* * Architectures can set this mask to a combination of PGTBL_P?D_MODIFIED values * and let generic vmalloc and ioremap code know when arch_sync_kernel_mappings() * needs to be called. */ #ifndef ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK #define ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK 0 #endif /* * There is no default implementation for arch_sync_kernel_mappings(). It is * relied upon the compiler to optimize calls out if ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK * is 0. */ void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* * Lowlevel-APIs (not for driver use!) */ static inline size_t get_vm_area_size(const struct vm_struct *area) { if (!(area->flags & VM_NO_GUARD)) /* return actual size without guard page */ return area->size - PAGE_SIZE; else return area->size; } extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags); extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, const void *caller); extern struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, const void *caller); void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area); extern struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr); extern struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); extern void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { struct vm_struct *vm = find_vm_area(addr); if (vm) vm->flags |= VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS; } #else static inline int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { return size >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define map_kernel_range map_kernel_range_noflush static inline void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { } #define unmap_kernel_range unmap_kernel_range_noflush static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { } #endif /* for /dev/kmem */ extern long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); extern long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); /* * Internals. Dont't use.. */ extern struct list_head vmap_area_list; extern __init void vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm); extern __init void vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_struct **pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align); void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms); # else static inline struct vm_struct ** pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align) { return NULL; } static inline void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms) { } # endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define VMALLOC_TOTAL (VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START) #else #define VMALLOC_TOTAL 0UL #endif int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); #endif /* _LINUX_VMALLOC_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * acpi.h - ACPI Interface * * Copyright (C) 2001 Paul Diefenbaugh <paul.s.diefenbaugh@intel.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_ACPI_H #define _LINUX_ACPI_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> /* for struct resource */ #include <linux/irqdomain.h> #include <linux/resource_ext.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/property.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #ifndef _LINUX #define _LINUX #endif #include <acpi/acpi.h> #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h> #include <linux/dynamic_debug.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <acpi/acpi_bus.h> #include <acpi/acpi_drivers.h> #include <acpi/acpi_numa.h> #include <acpi/acpi_io.h> #include <asm/acpi.h> static inline acpi_handle acpi_device_handle(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev ? adev->handle : NULL; } #define ACPI_COMPANION(dev) to_acpi_device_node((dev)->fwnode) #define ACPI_COMPANION_SET(dev, adev) set_primary_fwnode(dev, (adev) ? \ acpi_fwnode_handle(adev) : NULL) #define ACPI_HANDLE(dev) acpi_device_handle(ACPI_COMPANION(dev)) #define ACPI_HANDLE_FWNODE(fwnode) \ acpi_device_handle(to_acpi_device_node(fwnode)) static inline struct fwnode_handle *acpi_alloc_fwnode_static(void) { struct fwnode_handle *fwnode; fwnode = kzalloc(sizeof(struct fwnode_handle), GFP_KERNEL); if (!fwnode) return NULL; fwnode->ops = &acpi_static_fwnode_ops; return fwnode; } static inline void acpi_free_fwnode_static(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { if (WARN_ON(!is_acpi_static_node(fwnode))) return; kfree(fwnode); } /** * ACPI_DEVICE_CLASS - macro used to describe an ACPI device with *