4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 /* * include/linux/topology.h * * Written by: Matthew Dobson, IBM Corporation * * Copyright (C) 2002, IBM Corp. * * All rights reserved. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more * details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. * * Send feedback to <colpatch@us.ibm.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H #define _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H #include <linux/arch_topology.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/topology.h> #ifndef nr_cpus_node #define nr_cpus_node(node) cpumask_weight(cpumask_of_node(node)) #endif #define for_each_node_with_cpus(node) \ for_each_online_node(node) \ if (nr_cpus_node(node)) int arch_update_cpu_topology(void); /* Conform to ACPI 2.0 SLIT distance definitions */ #define LOCAL_DISTANCE 10 #define REMOTE_DISTANCE 20 #ifndef node_distance #define node_distance(from,to) ((from) == (to) ? LOCAL_DISTANCE : REMOTE_DISTANCE) #endif #ifndef RECLAIM_DISTANCE /* * If the distance between nodes in a system is larger than RECLAIM_DISTANCE * (in whatever arch specific measurement units returned by node_distance()) * and node_reclaim_mode is enabled then the VM will only call node_reclaim() * on nodes within this distance. */ #define RECLAIM_DISTANCE 30 #endif /* * The following tunable allows platforms to override the default node * reclaim distance (RECLAIM_DISTANCE) if remote memory accesses are * sufficiently fast that the default value actually hurts * performance. * * AMD EPYC machines use this because even though the 2-hop distance * is 32 (3.2x slower than a local memory access) performance actually * *improves* if allowed to reclaim memory and load balance tasks * between NUMA nodes 2-hops apart. */ extern int __read_mostly node_reclaim_distance; #ifndef PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS #define PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS (1) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, numa_node); #ifndef numa_node_id /* Returns the number of the current Node. */ static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return raw_cpu_read(numa_node); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_node static inline int cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return per_cpu(numa_node, cpu); } #endif #ifndef set_numa_node static inline void set_numa_node(int node) { this_cpu_write(numa_node, node); } #endif #ifndef set_cpu_numa_node static inline void set_cpu_numa_node(int cpu, int node) { per_cpu(numa_node, cpu) = node; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID */ /* Returns the number of the current Node. */ #ifndef numa_node_id static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return cpu_to_node(raw_smp_processor_id()); } #endif #endif /* [!]CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES /* * N.B., Do NOT reference the '_numa_mem_' per cpu variable directly. * It will not be defined when CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES is not defined. * Use the accessor functions set_numa_mem(), numa_mem_id() and cpu_to_mem(). */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, _numa_mem_); #ifndef set_numa_mem static inline void set_numa_mem(int node) { this_cpu_write(_numa_mem_, node); } #endif #ifndef numa_mem_id /* Returns the number of the nearest Node with memory */ static inline int numa_mem_id(void) { return raw_cpu_read(_numa_mem_); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_mem static inline int cpu_to_mem(int cpu) { return per_cpu(_numa_mem_, cpu); } #endif #ifndef set_cpu_numa_mem static inline void set_cpu_numa_mem(int cpu, int node) { per_cpu(_numa_mem_, cpu) = node; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES */ #ifndef numa_mem_id /* Returns the number of the nearest Node with memory */ static inline int numa_mem_id(void) { return numa_node_id(); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_mem static inline int cpu_to_mem(int cpu) { return cpu_to_node(cpu); } #endif #endif /* [!]CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES */ #ifndef topology_physical_package_id #define topology_physical_package_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), -1) #endif #ifndef topology_die_id #define topology_die_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), -1) #endif #ifndef topology_core_id #define topology_core_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), 0) #endif #ifndef topology_sibling_cpumask #define topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #ifndef topology_core_cpumask #define topology_core_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #ifndef topology_die_cpumask #define topology_die_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SCHED_SMT) && !defined(cpu_smt_mask) static inline const struct cpumask *cpu_smt_mask(int cpu) { return topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu); } #endif static inline const struct cpumask *cpu_cpu_mask(int cpu) { return cpumask_of_node(cpu_to_node(cpu)); } #endif /* _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NAMEI_H #define _LINUX_NAMEI_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/errno.h> enum { MAX_NESTED_LINKS = 8 }; #define MAXSYMLINKS 40 /* * Type of the last component on LOOKUP_PARENT */ enum {LAST_NORM, LAST_ROOT, LAST_DOT, LAST_DOTDOT}; /* pathwalk mode */ #define LOOKUP_FOLLOW 0x0001 /* follow links at the end */ #define LOOKUP_DIRECTORY 0x0002 /* require a directory */ #define LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT 0x0004 /* force terminal automount */ #define LOOKUP_EMPTY 0x4000 /* accept empty path [user_... only] */ #define LOOKUP_DOWN 0x8000 /* follow mounts in the starting point */ #define LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT 0x0080 /* follow mounts in the end */ #define LOOKUP_REVAL 0x0020 /* tell ->d_revalidate() to trust no cache */ #define LOOKUP_RCU 0x0040 /* RCU pathwalk mode; semi-internal */ /* These tell filesystem methods that we are dealing with the final component... */ #define LOOKUP_OPEN 0x0100 /* ... in open */ #define LOOKUP_CREATE 0x0200 /* ... in object creation */ #define LOOKUP_EXCL 0x0400 /* ... in exclusive creation */ #define LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET 0x0800 /* ... in destination of rename() */ /* internal use only */ #define LOOKUP_PARENT 0x0010 #define LOOKUP_JUMPED 0x1000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT 0x2000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED 0x0008 /* Scoping flags for lookup. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS 0x010000 /* No symlink crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS 0x020000 /* No nd_jump_link() crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_XDEV 0x040000 /* No mountpoint crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_BENEATH 0x080000 /* No escaping from starting point. */ #define LOOKUP_IN_ROOT 0x100000 /* Treat dirfd as fs root. */ /* LOOKUP_* flags which do scope-related checks based on the dirfd. */ #define LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT) extern int path_pts(struct path *path); extern int user_path_at_empty(int, const char __user *, unsigned, struct path *, int *empty); static inline int user_path_at(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { return user_path_at_empty(dfd, name, flags, path, NULL); } extern int kern_path(const char *, unsigned, struct path *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_create(int, const char *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern struct dentry *user_path_create(int, const char __user *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern void done_path_create(struct path *, struct dentry *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *, struct path *); extern struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern int follow_down_one(struct path *); extern int follow_down(struct path *); extern int follow_up(struct path *); extern struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern void unlock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern int __must_check nd_jump_link(struct path *path); static inline void nd_terminate_link(void *name, size_t len, size_t maxlen) { ((char *) name)[min(len, maxlen)] = '\0'; } /** * retry_estale - determine whether the caller should retry an operation * @error: the error that would currently be returned * @flags: flags being used for next lookup attempt * * Check to see if the error code was -ESTALE, and then determine whether * to retry the call based on whether "flags" already has LOOKUP_REVAL set. * * Returns true if the caller should try the operation again. */ static inline bool retry_estale(const long error, const unsigned int flags) { return error == -ESTALE && !(flags & LOOKUP_REVAL); } #endif /* _LINUX_NAMEI_H */
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1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 1995 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * Copyright (C) 2008-2009, Red Hat Inc., Ingo Molnar */ #include <linux/sched.h> /* test_thread_flag(), ... */ #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> /* task_stack_*(), ... */ #include <linux/kdebug.h> /* oops_begin/end, ... */ #include <linux/extable.h> /* search_exception_tables */ #include <linux/memblock.h> /* max_low_pfn */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> /* NOKPROBE_SYMBOL, ... */ #include <linux/mmiotrace.h> /* kmmio_handler, ... */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> /* perf_sw_event */ #include <linux/hugetlb.h> /* hstate_index_to_shift */ #include <linux/prefetch.h> /* prefetchw */ #include <linux/context_tracking.h> /* exception_enter(), ... */ #include <linux/uaccess.h> /* faulthandler_disabled() */ #include <linux/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> /* boot_cpu_has, ... */ #include <asm/traps.h> /* dotraplinkage, ... */ #include <asm/fixmap.h> /* VSYSCALL_ADDR */ #include <asm/vsyscall.h> /* emulate_vsyscall */ #include <asm/vm86.h> /* struct vm86 */ #include <asm/mmu_context.h> /* vma_pkey() */ #include <asm/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <asm/desc.h> /* store_idt(), ... */ #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> /* exception stack */ #include <asm/pgtable_areas.h> /* VMALLOC_START, ... */ #include <asm/kvm_para.h> /* kvm_handle_async_pf */ #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <asm/trace/exceptions.h> /* * Returns 0 if mmiotrace is disabled, or if the fault is not * handled by mmiotrace: */ static nokprobe_inline int kmmio_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr) { if (unlikely(is_kmmio_active())) if (kmmio_handler(regs, addr) == 1) return -1; return 0; } /* * Prefetch quirks: * * 32-bit mode: * * Sometimes AMD Athlon/Opteron CPUs report invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. This is AMD erratum #91. * * 64-bit mode: * * Sometimes the CPU reports invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. * * Opcode checker based on code by Richard Brunner. */ static inline int check_prefetch_opcode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned char *instr, unsigned char opcode, int *prefetch) { unsigned char instr_hi = opcode & 0xf0; unsigned char instr_lo = opcode & 0x0f; switch (instr_hi) { case 0x20: case 0x30: /* * Values 0x26,0x2E,0x36,0x3E are valid x86 prefixes. * In X86_64 long mode, the CPU will signal invalid * opcode if some of these prefixes are present so * X86_64 will never get here anyway */ return ((instr_lo & 7) == 0x6); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 case 0x40: /* * In 64-bit mode 0x40..0x4F are valid REX prefixes */ return (!user_mode(regs) || user_64bit_mode(regs)); #endif case 0x60: /* 0x64 thru 0x67 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return (instr_lo & 0xC) == 0x4; case 0xF0: /* 0xF0, 0xF2, 0xF3 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return !instr_lo || (instr_lo>>1) == 1; case 0x00: /* Prefetch instruction is 0x0F0D or 0x0F18 */ if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) return 0; *prefetch = (instr_lo == 0xF) && (opcode == 0x0D || opcode == 0x18); return 0; default: return 0; } } static int is_prefetch(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long addr) { unsigned char *max_instr; unsigned char *instr; int prefetch = 0; /* * If it was a exec (instruction fetch) fault on NX page, then * do not ignore the fault: */ if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) return 0; instr = (void *)convert_ip_to_linear(current, regs); max_instr = instr + 15; /* * This code has historically always bailed out if IP points to a * not-present page (e.g. due to a race). No one has ever * complained about this. */ pagefault_disable(); while (instr < max_instr) { unsigned char opcode; if (user_mode(regs)) { if (get_user(opcode, instr)) break; } else { if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) break; } instr++; if (!check_prefetch_opcode(regs, instr, opcode, &prefetch)) break; } pagefault_enable(); return prefetch; } DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pgd_lock); LIST_HEAD(pgd_list); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline pmd_t *vmalloc_sync_one(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { unsigned index = pgd_index(address); pgd_t *pgd_k; p4d_t *p4d, *p4d_k; pud_t *pud, *pud_k; pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_k; pgd += index; pgd_k = init_mm.pgd + index; if (!pgd_present(*pgd_k)) return NULL; /* * set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_k); here would be useless on PAE * and redundant with the set_pmd() on non-PAE. As would * set_p4d/set_pud. */ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); p4d_k = p4d_offset(pgd_k, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d_k)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pud_k = pud_offset(p4d_k, address); if (!pud_present(*pud_k)) return NULL; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pmd_k = pmd_offset(pud_k, address); if (pmd_present(*pmd) != pmd_present(*pmd_k)) set_pmd(pmd, *pmd_k); if (!pmd_present(*pmd_k)) return NULL; else BUG_ON(pmd_pfn(*pmd) != pmd_pfn(*pmd_k)); return pmd_k; } /* * Handle a fault on the vmalloc or module mapping area * * This is needed because there is a race condition between the time * when the vmalloc mapping code updates the PMD to the point in time * where it synchronizes this update with the other page-tables in the * system. * * In this race window another thread/CPU can map an area on the same * PMD, finds it already present and does not synchronize it with the * rest of the system yet. As a result v[mz]alloc might return areas * which are not mapped in every page-table in the system, causing an * unhandled page-fault when they are accessed. */ static noinline int vmalloc_fault(unsigned long address) { unsigned long pgd_paddr; pmd_t *pmd_k; pte_t *pte_k; /* Make sure we are in vmalloc area: */ if (!(address >= VMALLOC_START && address < VMALLOC_END)) return -1; /* * Synchronize this task's top level page-table * with the 'reference' page table. * * Do _not_ use "current" here. We might be inside * an interrupt in the middle of a task switch.. */ pgd_paddr = read_cr3_pa(); pmd_k = vmalloc_sync_one(__va(pgd_paddr), address); if (!pmd_k) return -1; if (pmd_large(*pmd_k)) return 0; pte_k = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_k, address); if (!pte_present(*pte_k)) return -1; return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(vmalloc_fault); void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long addr; for (addr = start & PMD_MASK; addr >= TASK_SIZE_MAX && addr < VMALLOC_END; addr += PMD_SIZE) { struct page *page; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) { spinlock_t *pgt_lock; /* the pgt_lock only for Xen */ pgt_lock = &pgd_page_get_mm(page)->page_table_lock; spin_lock(pgt_lock); vmalloc_sync_one(page_address(page), addr); spin_unlock(pgt_lock); } spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); } } /* * Did it hit the DOS screen memory VA from vm86 mode? */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VM86 unsigned long bit; if (!v8086_mode(regs) || !tsk->thread.vm86) return; bit = (address - 0xA0000) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (bit < 32) tsk->thread.vm86->screen_bitmap |= 1 << bit; #endif } static bool low_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { return pfn < max_low_pfn; } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = &base[pgd_index(address)]; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE pr_info("*pdpt = %016Lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!low_pfn(pgd_val(*pgd) >> PAGE_SHIFT) || !pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; #define pr_pde pr_cont #else #define pr_pde pr_info #endif p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pr_pde("*pde = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pmd) * 2, (u64)pmd_val(*pmd)); #undef pr_pde /* * We must not directly access the pte in the highpte * case if the page table is located in highmem. * And let's rather not kmap-atomic the pte, just in case * it's allocated already: */ if (!low_pfn(pmd_pfn(*pmd)) || !pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); pr_cont("*pte = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pte) * 2, (u64)pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); } #else /* CONFIG_X86_64: */ #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD static const char errata93_warning[] = KERN_ERR "******* Your BIOS seems to not contain a fix for K8 errata #93\n" "******* Working around it, but it may cause SEGVs or burn power.\n" "******* Please consider a BIOS update.\n" "******* Disabling USB legacy in the BIOS may also help.\n"; #endif /* * No vm86 mode in 64-bit mode: */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { } static int bad_address(void *p) { unsigned long dummy; return get_kernel_nofault(dummy, (unsigned long *)p); } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = base + pgd_index(address); p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; if (bad_address(pgd)) goto bad; pr_info("PGD %lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (bad_address(p4d)) goto bad; pr_cont("P4D %lx ", p4d_val(*p4d)); if (!p4d_present(*p4d) || p4d_large(*p4d)) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (bad_address(pud)) goto bad; pr_cont("PUD %lx ", pud_val(*pud)); if (!pud_present(*pud) || pud_large(*pud)) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (bad_address(pmd)) goto bad; pr_cont("PMD %lx ", pmd_val(*pmd)); if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (bad_address(pte)) goto bad; pr_cont("PTE %lx", pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); return; bad: pr_info("BAD\n"); } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ /* * Workaround for K8 erratum #93 & buggy BIOS. * * BIOS SMM functions are required to use a specific workaround * to avoid corruption of the 64bit RIP register on C stepping K8. * * A lot of BIOS that didn't get tested properly miss this. * * The OS sees this as a page fault with the upper 32bits of RIP cleared. * Try to work around it here. * * Note we only handle faults in kernel here. * Does nothing on 32-bit. */ static int is_errata93(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD) if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_AMD || boot_cpu_data.x86 != 0xf) return 0; if (address != regs->ip) return 0; if ((address >> 32) != 0) return 0; address |= 0xffffffffUL << 32; if ((address >= (u64)_stext && address <= (u64)_etext) || (address >= MODULES_VADDR && address <= MODULES_END)) { printk_once(errata93_warning); regs->ip = address; return 1; } #endif return 0; } /* * Work around K8 erratum #100 K8 in compat mode occasionally jumps * to illegal addresses >4GB. * * We catch this in the page fault handler because these addresses * are not reachable. Just detect this case and return. Any code * segment in LDT is compatibility mode. */ static int is_errata100(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 if ((regs->cs == __USER32_CS || (regs->cs & (1<<2))) && (address >> 32)) return 1; #endif return 0; } /* Pentium F0 0F C7 C8 bug workaround: */ static int is_f00f_bug(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_F00F) && idt_is_f00f_address(address)) { handle_invalid_op(regs); return 1; } #endif return 0; } static void show_ldttss(const struct desc_ptr *gdt, const char *name, u16 index) { u32 offset = (index >> 3) * sizeof(struct desc_struct); unsigned long addr; struct ldttss_desc desc; if (index == 0) { pr_alert("%s: NULL\n", name); return; } if (offset + sizeof(struct ldttss_desc) >= gdt->size) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- out of bounds\n", name, index); return; } if (copy_from_kernel_nofault(&desc, (void *)(gdt->address + offset), sizeof(struct ldttss_desc))) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- GDT entry is not readable\n", name, index); return; } addr = desc.base0 | (desc.base1 << 16) | ((unsigned long)desc.base2 << 24); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 addr |= ((u64)desc.base3 << 32); #endif pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- base=0x%lx limit=0x%x\n", name, index, addr, (desc.limit0 | (desc.limit1 << 16))); } static void show_fault_oops(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!oops_may_print()) return; if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) { unsigned int level; pgd_t *pgd; pte_t *pte; pgd = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd += pgd_index(address); pte = lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd, address, &level); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_exec(*pte)) pr_crit("kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && pte_exec(*pte) && (pgd_flags(*pgd) & _PAGE_USER) && (__read_cr4() & X86_CR4_SMEP)) pr_crit("unable to execute userspace code (SMEP?) (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); } if (address < PAGE_SIZE && !user_mode(regs)) pr_alert("BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: %px\n", (void *)address); else pr_alert("BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: %px\n", (void *)address); pr_alert("#PF: %s %s in %s mode\n", (error_code & X86_PF_USER) ? "user" : "supervisor", (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) ? "instruction fetch" : (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) ? "write access" : "read access", user_mode(regs) ? "user" : "kernel"); pr_alert("#PF: error_code(0x%04lx) - %s\n", error_code, !(error_code & X86_PF_PROT) ? "not-present page" : (error_code & X86_PF_RSVD) ? "reserved bit violation" : (error_code & X86_PF_PK) ? "protection keys violation" : "permissions violation"); if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER) && user_mode(regs)) { struct desc_ptr idt, gdt; u16 ldtr, tr; /* * This can happen for quite a few reasons. The more obvious * ones are faults accessing the GDT, or LDT. Perhaps * surprisingly, if the CPU tries to deliver a benign or * contributory exception from user code and gets a page fault * during delivery, the page fault can be delivered as though * it originated directly from user code. This could happen * due to wrong permissions on the IDT, GDT, LDT, TSS, or * kernel or IST stack. */ store_idt(&idt); /* Usable even on Xen PV -- it's just slow. */ native_store_gdt(&gdt); pr_alert("IDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx) GDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx)\n", idt.address, idt.size, gdt.address, gdt.size); store_ldt(ldtr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "LDTR", ldtr); store_tr(tr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "TR", tr); } dump_pagetable(address); } static noinline void pgtable_bad(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long flags; int sig; flags = oops_begin(); tsk = current; sig = SIGKILL; printk(KERN_ALERT "%s: Corrupted page table at address %lx\n", tsk->comm, address); dump_pagetable(address); if (__die("Bad pagetable", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } static void set_signal_archinfo(unsigned long address, unsigned long error_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page * table layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to * kernel addresses are always protection faults. * * NB: This means that failed vsyscalls with vsyscall=none * will have the PROT bit. This doesn't leak any * information and does not appear to cause any problems. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; tsk->thread.trap_nr = X86_TRAP_PF; tsk->thread.error_code = error_code | X86_PF_USER; tsk->thread.cr2 = address; } static noinline void no_context(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, int signal, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned long flags; int sig; if (user_mode(regs)) { /* * This is an implicit supervisor-mode access from user * mode. Bypass all the kernel-mode recovery code and just * OOPS. */ goto oops; } /* Are we prepared to handle this kernel fault? */ if (fixup_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_PF, error_code, address)) { /* * Any interrupt that takes a fault gets the fixup. This makes * the below recursive fault logic only apply to a faults from * task context. */ if (in_interrupt()) return; /* * Per the above we're !in_interrupt(), aka. task context. * * In this case we need to make sure we're not recursively * faulting through the emulate_vsyscall() logic. */ if (current->thread.sig_on_uaccess_err && signal) { set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); /* XXX: hwpoison faults will set the wrong code. */ force_sig_fault(signal, si_code, (void __user *)address); } /* * Barring that, we can do the fixup and be happy. */ return; } #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK /* * Stack overflow? During boot, we can fault near the initial * stack in the direct map, but that's not an overflow -- check * that we're in vmalloc space to avoid this. */ if (is_vmalloc_addr((void *)address) && (((unsigned long)tsk->stack - 1 - address < PAGE_SIZE) || address - ((unsigned long)tsk->stack + THREAD_SIZE) < PAGE_SIZE)) { unsigned long stack = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(DF) - sizeof(void *); /* * We're likely to be running with very little stack space * left. It's plausible that we'd hit this condition but * double-fault even before we get this far, in which case * we're fine: the double-fault handler will deal with it. * * We don't want to make it all the way into the oops code * and then double-fault, though, because we're likely to * break the console driver and lose most of the stack dump. */ asm volatile ("movq %[stack], %%rsp\n\t" "call handle_stack_overflow\n\t" "1: jmp 1b" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT : "D" ("kernel stack overflow (page fault)"), "S" (regs), "d" (address), [stack] "rm" (stack)); unreachable(); } #endif /* * 32-bit: * * Valid to do another page fault here, because if this fault * had been triggered by is_prefetch fixup_exception would have * handled it. * * 64-bit: * * Hall of shame of CPU/BIOS bugs. */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata93(regs, address)) return; /* * Buggy firmware could access regions which might page fault, try to * recover from such faults. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EFI)) efi_recover_from_page_fault(address); oops: /* * Oops. The kernel tried to access some bad page. We'll have to * terminate things with extreme prejudice: */ flags = oops_begin(); show_fault_oops(regs, error_code, address); if (task_stack_end_corrupted(tsk)) printk(KERN_EMERG "Thread overran stack, or stack corrupted\n"); sig = SIGKILL; if (__die("Oops", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; /* Executive summary in case the body of the oops scrolled away */ printk(KERN_DEFAULT "CR2: %016lx\n", address); oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } /* * Print out info about fatal segfaults, if the show_unhandled_signals * sysctl is set: */ static inline void show_signal_msg(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { const char *loglvl = task_pid_nr(tsk) > 1 ? KERN_INFO : KERN_EMERG; if (!unhandled_signal(tsk, SIGSEGV)) return; if (!printk_ratelimit()) return; printk("%s%s[%d]: segfault at %lx ip %px sp %px error %lx", loglvl, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk), address, (void *)regs->ip, (void *)regs->sp, error_code); print_vma_addr(KERN_CONT " in ", regs->ip); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); show_opcodes(regs, loglvl); } /* * The (legacy) vsyscall page is the long page in the kernel portion * of the address space that has user-accessible permissions. */ static bool is_vsyscall_vaddr(unsigned long vaddr) { return unlikely((vaddr & PAGE_MASK) == VSYSCALL_ADDR); } static void __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* User mode accesses just cause a SIGSEGV */ if (user_mode(regs) && (error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { /* * It's possible to have interrupts off here: */ local_irq_enable(); /* * Valid to do another page fault here because this one came * from user space: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata100(regs, address)) return; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page table * layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to kernel addresses * are always protection faults. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; if (likely(show_unhandled_signals)) show_signal_msg(regs, error_code, address, tsk); set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); if (si_code == SEGV_PKUERR) force_sig_pkuerr((void __user *)address, pkey); force_sig_fault(SIGSEGV, si_code, (void __user *)address); local_irq_disable(); return; } if (is_f00f_bug(regs, address)) return; no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static void __bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; /* * Something tried to access memory that isn't in our memory map.. * Fix it, but check if it's kernel or user first.. */ mmap_read_unlock(mm); __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, pkey, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static inline bool bad_area_access_from_pkeys(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This code is always called on the current mm */ bool foreign = false; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return false; if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return true; /* this checks permission keys on the VMA: */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return true; return false; } static noinline void bad_area_access_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * This OSPKE check is not strictly necessary at runtime. * But, doing it this way allows compiler optimizations * if pkeys are compiled out. */ if (bad_area_access_from_pkeys(error_code, vma)) { /* * A protection key fault means that the PKRU value did not allow * access to some PTE. Userspace can figure out what PKRU was * from the XSAVE state. This function captures the pkey from * the vma and passes it to userspace so userspace can discover * which protection key was set on the PTE. * * If we get here, we know that the hardware signaled a X86_PF_PK * fault and that there was a VMA once we got in the fault * handler. It does *not* guarantee that the VMA we find here * was the one that we faulted on. * * 1. T1 : mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=4); * 2. T1 : set PKRU to deny access to pkey=4, touches page * 3. T1 : faults... * 4. T2: mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=5); * 5. T1 : enters fault handler, takes mmap_lock, etc... * 6. T1 : reaches here, sees vma_pkey(vma)=5, when we really * faulted on a pte with its pkey=4. */ u32 pkey = vma_pkey(vma); __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, pkey, SEGV_PKUERR); } else { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_ACCERR); } } static void do_sigbus(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* User-space => ok to do another page fault: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE if (fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned lsb = 0; pr_err( "MCE: Killing %s:%d due to hardware memory corruption fault at %lx\n", tsk->comm, tsk->pid, address); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE) lsb = hstate_index_to_shift(VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(fault)); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON) lsb = PAGE_SHIFT; force_sig_mceerr(BUS_MCEERR_AR, (void __user *)address, lsb); return; } #endif force_sig_fault(SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR, (void __user *)address); } static noinline void mm_fault_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, 0, 0); return; } if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR); return; } /* * We ran out of memory, call the OOM killer, and return the * userspace (which will retry the fault, or kill us if we got * oom-killed): */ pagefault_out_of_memory(); } else { if (fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON| VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) do_sigbus(regs, error_code, address, fault); else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV) bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address); else BUG(); } } static int spurious_kernel_fault_check(unsigned long error_code, pte_t *pte) { if ((error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) && !pte_write(*pte)) return 0; if ((error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) && !pte_exec(*pte)) return 0; return 1; } /* * Handle a spurious fault caused by a stale TLB entry. * * This allows us to lazily refresh the TLB when increasing the * permissions of a kernel page (RO -> RW or NX -> X). Doing it * eagerly is very expensive since that implies doing a full * cross-processor TLB flush, even if no stale TLB entries exist * on other processors. * * Spurious faults may only occur if the TLB contains an entry with * fewer permission than the page table entry. Non-present (P = 0) * and reserved bit (R = 1) faults are never spurious. * * There are no security implications to leaving a stale TLB when * increasing the permissions on a page. * * Returns non-zero if a spurious fault was handled, zero otherwise. * * See Intel Developer's Manual Vol 3 Section 4.10.4.3, bullet 3 * (Optional Invalidation). */ static noinline int spurious_kernel_fault(unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; int ret; /* * Only writes to RO or instruction fetches from NX may cause * spurious faults. * * These could be from user or supervisor accesses but the TLB * is only lazily flushed after a kernel mapping protection * change, so user accesses are not expected to cause spurious * faults. */ if (error_code != (X86_PF_WRITE | X86_PF_PROT) && error_code != (X86_PF_INSTR | X86_PF_PROT)) return 0; pgd = init_mm.pgd + pgd_index(address); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) return 0; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) return 0; if (p4d_large(*p4d)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) p4d); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (!pud_present(*pud)) return 0; if (pud_large(*pud)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pud); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) return 0; if (pmd_large(*pmd)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (!pte_present(*pte)) return 0; ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, pte); if (!ret) return 0; /* * Make sure we have permissions in PMD. * If not, then there's a bug in the page tables: */ ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); WARN_ONCE(!ret, "PMD has incorrect permission bits\n"); return ret; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(spurious_kernel_fault); int show_unhandled_signals = 1; static inline int access_error(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This is only called for the current mm, so: */ bool foreign = false; /* * Read or write was blocked by protection keys. This is * always an unconditional error and can never result in * a follow-up action to resolve the fault, like a COW. */ if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return 1; /* * Make sure to check the VMA so that we do not perform * faults just to hit a X86_PF_PK as soon as we fill in a * page. */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return 1; if (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) { /* write, present and write, not present: */ if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))) return 1; return 0; } /* read, present: */ if (unlikely(error_code & X86_PF_PROT)) return 1; /* read, not present: */ if (unlikely(!vma_is_accessible(vma))) return 1; return 0; } bool fault_in_kernel_space(unsigned long address) { /* * On 64-bit systems, the vsyscall page is at an address above * TASK_SIZE_MAX, but is not considered part of the kernel * address space. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) return false; return address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX; } /* * Called for all faults where 'address' is part of the kernel address * space. Might get called for faults that originate from *code* that * ran in userspace or the kernel. */ static void do_kern_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { /* * Protection keys exceptions only happen on user pages. We * have no user pages in the kernel portion of the address * space, so do not expect them here. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(hw_error_code & X86_PF_PK); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * We can fault-in kernel-space virtual memory on-demand. The * 'reference' page table is init_mm.pgd. * * NOTE! We MUST NOT take any locks for this case. We may * be in an interrupt or a critical region, and should * only copy the information from the master page table, * nothing more. * * Before doing this on-demand faulting, ensure that the * fault is not any of the following: * 1. A fault on a PTE with a reserved bit set. * 2. A fault caused by a user-mode access. (Do not demand- * fault kernel memory due to user-mode accesses). * 3. A fault caused by a page-level protection violation. * (A demand fault would be on a non-present page which * would have X86_PF_PROT==0). * * This is only needed to close a race condition on x86-32 in * the vmalloc mapping/unmapping code. See the comment above * vmalloc_fault() for details. On x86-64 the race does not * exist as the vmalloc mappings don't need to be synchronized * there. */ if (!(hw_error_code & (X86_PF_RSVD | X86_PF_USER | X86_PF_PROT))) { if (vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0) return; } #endif /* Was the fault spurious, caused by lazy TLB invalidation? */ if (spurious_kernel_fault(hw_error_code, address)) return; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF)) return; /* * Note, despite being a "bad area", there are quite a few * acceptable reasons to get here, such as erratum fixups * and handling kernel code that can fault, like get_user(). * * Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch * fault we could otherwise deadlock: */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_kern_addr_fault); /* Handle faults in the user portion of the address space */ static inline void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct task_struct *tsk; struct mm_struct *mm; vm_fault_t fault; unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT; tsk = current; mm = tsk->mm; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (unlikely(kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF))) return; /* * Reserved bits are never expected to be set on * entries in the user portion of the page tables. */ if (unlikely(hw_error_code & X86_PF_RSVD)) pgtable_bad(regs, hw_error_code, address); /* * If SMAP is on, check for invalid kernel (supervisor) access to user * pages in the user address space. The odd case here is WRUSS, * which, according to the preliminary documentation, does not respect * SMAP and will have the USER bit set so, in all cases, SMAP * enforcement appears to be consistent with the USER bit. */ if (unlikely(cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SMAP) && !(hw_error_code & X86_PF_USER) && !(regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_AC))) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * If we're in an interrupt, have no user context or are running * in a region with pagefaults disabled then we must not take the fault */ if (unlikely(faulthandler_disabled() || !mm)) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * It's safe to allow irq's after cr2 has been saved and the * vmalloc fault has been handled. * * User-mode registers count as a user access even for any * potential system fault or CPU buglet: */ if (user_mode(regs)) { local_irq_enable(); flags |= FAULT_FLAG_USER; } else { if (regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_IF) local_irq_enable(); } perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, address); if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * Faults in the vsyscall page might need emulation. The * vsyscall page is at a high address (>PAGE_OFFSET), but is * considered to be part of the user address space. * * The vsyscall page does not have a "real" VMA, so do this * emulation before we go searching for VMAs. * * PKRU never rejects instruction fetches, so we don't need * to consider the PF_PK bit. */ if (is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) { if (emulate_vsyscall(hw_error_code, regs, address)) return; } #endif /* * Kernel-mode access to the user address space should only occur * on well-defined single instructions listed in the exception * tables. But, an erroneous kernel fault occurring outside one of * those areas which also holds mmap_lock might deadlock attempting * to validate the fault against the address space. * * Only do the expensive exception table search when we might be at * risk of a deadlock. This happens if we * 1. Failed to acquire mmap_lock, and * 2. The access did not originate in userspace. */ if (unlikely(!mmap_read_trylock(mm))) { if (!user_mode(regs) && !search_exception_tables(regs->ip)) { /* * Fault from code in kernel from * which we do not expect faults. */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } retry: mmap_read_lock(mm); } else { /* * The above down_read_trylock() might have succeeded in * which case we'll have missed the might_sleep() from * down_read(): */ might_sleep(); } vma = find_vma(mm, address); if (unlikely(!vma)) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (likely(vma->vm_start <= address)) goto good_area; if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (unlikely(expand_stack(vma, address))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access, so * we can handle it.. */ good_area: if (unlikely(access_error(hw_error_code, vma))) { bad_area_access_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, vma); return; } /* * If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault, * make sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo * the fault. Since we never set FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, if * we get VM_FAULT_RETRY back, the mmap_lock has been unlocked. * * Note that handle_userfault() may also release and reacquire mmap_lock * (and not return with VM_FAULT_RETRY), when returning to userland to * repeat the page fault later with a VM_FAULT_NOPAGE retval * (potentially after handling any pending signal during the return to * userland). The return to userland is identified whenever * FAULT_FLAG_USER|FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE are both set in flags. */ fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags, regs); /* Quick path to respond to signals */ if (fault_signal_pending(fault, regs)) { if (!user_mode(regs)) no_context(regs, hw_error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* * If we need to retry the mmap_lock has already been released, * and if there is a fatal signal pending there is no guarantee * that we made any progress. Handle this case first. */ if (unlikely((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY))) { flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED; goto retry; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) { mm_fault_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, fault); return; } check_v8086_mode(regs, address, tsk); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_user_addr_fault); static __always_inline void trace_page_fault_entries(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!trace_pagefault_enabled()) return; if (user_mode(regs)) trace_page_fault_user(address, regs, error_code); else trace_page_fault_kernel(address, regs, error_code); } static __always_inline void handle_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { trace_page_fault_entries(regs, error_code, address); if (unlikely(kmmio_fault(regs, address))) return; /* Was the fault on kernel-controlled part of the address space? */ if (unlikely(fault_in_kernel_space(address))) { do_kern_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); } else { do_user_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); /* * User address page fault handling might have reenabled * interrupts. Fixing up all potential exit points of * do_user_addr_fault() and its leaf functions is just not * doable w/o creating an unholy mess or turning the code * upside down. */ local_irq_disable(); } } DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW_ERRORCODE(exc_page_fault) { unsigned long address = read_cr2(); irqentry_state_t state; prefetchw(&current->mm->mmap_lock); /* * KVM uses #PF vector to deliver 'page not present' events to guests * (asynchronous page fault mechanism). The event happens when a * userspace task is trying to access some valid (from guest's point of * view) memory which is not currently mapped by the host (e.g. the * memory is swapped out). Note, the corresponding "page ready" event * which is injected when the memory becomes available, is delived via * an interrupt mechanism and not a #PF exception * (see arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c: sysvec_kvm_asyncpf_interrupt()). * * We are relying on the interrupted context being sane (valid RSP, * relevant locks not held, etc.), which is fine as long as the * interrupted context had IF=1. We are also relying on the KVM * async pf type field and CR2 being read consistently instead of * getting values from real and async page faults mixed up. * * Fingers crossed. * * The async #PF handling code takes care of idtentry handling * itself. */ if (kvm_handle_async_pf(regs, (u32)address)) return; /* * Entry handling for valid #PF from kernel mode is slightly * different: RCU is already watching and rcu_irq_enter() must not * be invoked because a kernel fault on a user space address might * sleep. * * In case the fault hit a RCU idle region the conditional entry * code reenabled RCU to avoid subsequent wreckage which helps * debugability. */ state = irqentry_enter(regs); instrumentation_begin(); handle_page_fault(regs, error_code, address); instrumentation_end(); irqentry_exit(regs, state); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DESC_H #define _ASM_X86_DESC_H #include <asm/desc_defs.h> #include <asm/ldt.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> #include <asm/irq_vectors.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> static inline void fill_ldt(struct desc_struct *desc, const struct user_desc *info) { desc->limit0 = info->limit & 0x0ffff; desc->base0 = (info->base_addr & 0x0000ffff); desc->base1 = (info->base_addr & 0x00ff0000) >> 16; desc->type = (info->read_exec_only ^ 1) << 1; desc->type |= info->contents << 2; /* Set the ACCESS bit so it can be mapped RO */ desc->type |= 1; desc->s = 1; desc->dpl = 0x3; desc->p = info->seg_not_present ^ 1; desc->limit1 = (info->limit & 0xf0000) >> 16; desc->avl = info->useable; desc->d = info->seg_32bit; desc->g = info->limit_in_pages; desc->base2 = (info->base_addr & 0xff000000) >> 24; /* * Don't allow setting of the lm bit. It would confuse * user_64bit_mode and would get overridden by sysret anyway. */ desc->l = 0; } struct gdt_page { struct desc_struct gdt[GDT_ENTRIES]; } __attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE))); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct gdt_page, gdt_page); /* Provide the original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_rw(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu(gdt_page, cpu).gdt; } /* Provide the current original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_rw(void) { return this_cpu_ptr(&gdt_page)->gdt; } /* Provide the fixmap address of the remapped GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_ro(int cpu) { return (struct desc_struct *)&get_cpu_entry_area(cpu)->gdt; } /* Provide the current read-only GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_ro(void) { return get_cpu_gdt_ro(smp_processor_id()); } /* Provide the physical address of the GDT page. */ static inline phys_addr_t get_cpu_gdt_paddr(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu)); } static inline void pack_gate(gate_desc *gate, unsigned type, unsigned long func, unsigned dpl, unsigned ist, unsigned seg) { gate->offset_low = (u16) func; gate->bits.p = 1; gate->bits.dpl = dpl; gate->bits.zero = 0; gate->bits.type = type; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (func >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->segment = __KERNEL_CS; gate->bits.ist = ist; gate->reserved = 0; gate->offset_high = (u32) (func >> 32); #else gate->segment = seg; gate->bits.ist = 0; #endif } static inline int desc_empty(const void *ptr) { const u32 *desc = ptr; return !(desc[0] | desc[1]); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define load_TR_desc() native_load_tr_desc() #define load_gdt(dtr) native_load_gdt(dtr) #define load_idt(dtr) native_load_idt(dtr) #define load_tr(tr) asm volatile("ltr %0"::"m" (tr)) #define load_ldt(ldt) asm volatile("lldt %0"::"m" (ldt)) #define store_gdt(dtr) native_store_gdt(dtr) #define store_tr(tr) (tr = native_store_tr()) #define load_TLS(t, cpu) native_load_tls(t, cpu) #define set_ldt native_set_ldt #define write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) native_write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) #define write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) native_write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) #define write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) native_write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define store_ldt(ldt) asm("sldt %0" : "=m"(ldt)) static inline void native_write_idt_entry(gate_desc *idt, int entry, const gate_desc *gate) { memcpy(&idt[entry], gate, sizeof(*gate)); } static inline void native_write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *ldt, int entry, const void *desc) { memcpy(&ldt[entry], desc, 8); } static inline void native_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *gdt, int entry, const void *desc, int type) { unsigned int size; switch (type) { case DESC_TSS: size = sizeof(tss_desc); break; case DESC_LDT: size = sizeof(ldt_desc); break; default: size = sizeof(*gdt); break; } memcpy(&gdt[entry], desc, size); } static inline void set_tssldt_descriptor(void *d, unsigned long addr, unsigned type, unsigned size) { struct ldttss_desc *desc = d; memset(desc, 0, sizeof(*desc)); desc->limit0 = (u16) size; desc->base0 = (u16) addr; desc->base1 = (addr >> 16) & 0xFF; desc->type = type; desc->p = 1; desc->limit1 = (size >> 16) & 0xF; desc->base2 = (addr >> 24) & 0xFF; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 desc->base3 = (u32) (addr >> 32); #endif } static inline void __set_tss_desc(unsigned cpu, unsigned int entry, struct x86_hw_tss *addr) { struct desc_struct *d = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); tss_desc tss; set_tssldt_descriptor(&tss, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_TSS, __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT); write_gdt_entry(d, entry, &tss, DESC_TSS); } #define set_tss_desc(cpu, addr) __set_tss_desc(cpu, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, addr) static inline void native_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned int entries) { if (likely(entries == 0)) asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (0)); else { unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id(); ldt_desc ldt; set_tssldt_descriptor(&ldt, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_LDT, entries * LDT_ENTRY_SIZE - 1); write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_LDT, &ldt, DESC_LDT); asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_LDT*8)); } } static inline void native_load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lgdt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static __always_inline void native_load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lidt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static inline void native_store_gdt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sgdt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } static inline void store_idt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sidt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } /* * The LTR instruction marks the TSS GDT entry as busy. On 64-bit, the GDT is * a read-only remapping. To prevent a page fault, the GDT is switched to the * original writeable version when needed. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { struct desc_ptr gdt; int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); bool restore = 0; struct desc_struct *fixmap_gdt; native_store_gdt(&gdt); fixmap_gdt = get_cpu_gdt_ro(cpu); /* * If the current GDT is the read-only fixmap, swap to the original * writeable version. Swap back at the end. */ if (gdt.address == (unsigned long)fixmap_gdt) { load_direct_gdt(cpu); restore = 1; } asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); if (restore) load_fixmap_gdt(cpu); } #else static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); } #endif static inline unsigned long native_store_tr(void) { unsigned long tr; asm volatile("str %0":"=r" (tr)); return tr; } static inline void native_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu) { struct desc_struct *gdt = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES; i++) gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + i] = t->tls_array[i]; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, __tss_limit_invalid); static inline void force_reload_TR(void) { struct desc_struct *d = get_current_gdt_rw(); tss_desc tss; memcpy(&tss, &d[GDT_ENTRY_TSS], sizeof(tss_desc)); /* * LTR requires an available TSS, and the TSS is currently * busy. Make it be available so that LTR will work. */ tss.type = DESC_TSS; write_gdt_entry(d, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, &tss, DESC_TSS); load_TR_desc(); this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, false); } /* * Call this if you need the TSS limit to be correct, which should be the case * if and only if you have TIF_IO_BITMAP set or you're switching to a task * with TIF_IO_BITMAP set. */ static inline void refresh_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(__tss_limit_invalid))) force_reload_TR(); } /* * If you do something evil that corrupts the cached TSS limit (I'm looking * at you, VMX exits), call this function. * * The optimization here is that the TSS limit only matters for Linux if the * IO bitmap is in use. If the TSS limit gets forced to its minimum value, * everything works except that IO bitmap will be ignored and all CPL 3 IO * instructions will #GP, which is exactly what we want for normal tasks. */ static inline void invalidate_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_IO_BITMAP))) force_reload_TR(); else this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, true); } /* This intentionally ignores lm, since 32-bit apps don't have that field. */ #define LDT_empty(info) \ ((info)->base_addr == 0 && \ (info)->limit == 0 && \ (info)->contents == 0 && \ (info)->read_exec_only == 1 && \ (info)->seg_32bit == 0 && \ (info)->limit_in_pages == 0 && \ (info)->seg_not_present == 1 && \ (info)->useable == 0) /* Lots of programs expect an all-zero user_desc to mean "no segment at all". */ static inline bool LDT_zero(const struct user_desc *info) { return (info->base_addr == 0 && info->limit == 0 && info->contents == 0 && info->read_exec_only == 0 && info->seg_32bit == 0 && info->limit_in_pages == 0 && info->seg_not_present == 0 && info->useable == 0); } static inline void clear_LDT(void) { set_ldt(NULL, 0); } static inline unsigned long get_desc_base(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return (unsigned)(desc->base0 | ((desc->base1) << 16) | ((desc->base2) << 24)); } static inline void set_desc_base(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long base) { desc->base0 = base & 0xffff; desc->base1 = (base >> 16) & 0xff; desc->base2 = (base >> 24) & 0xff; } static inline unsigned long get_desc_limit(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return desc->limit0 | (desc->limit1 << 16); } static inline void set_desc_limit(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long limit) { desc->limit0 = limit & 0xffff; desc->limit1 = (limit >> 16) & 0xf; } void alloc_intr_gate(unsigned int n, const void *addr); static inline void init_idt_data(struct idt_data *data, unsigned int n, const void *addr) { BUG_ON(n > 0xFF); memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data)); data->vector = n; data->addr = addr; data->segment = __KERNEL_CS; data->bits.type = GATE_INTERRUPT; data->bits.p = 1; } static inline void idt_init_desc(gate_desc *gate, const struct idt_data *d) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) d->addr; gate->offset_low = (u16) addr; gate->segment = (u16) d->segment; gate->bits = d->bits; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (addr >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->offset_high = (u32) (addr >> 32); gate->reserved = 0; #endif } extern unsigned long system_vectors[]; extern void load_current_idt(void); extern void idt_setup_early_handler(void); extern void idt_setup_early_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_apic_and_irq_gates(void); extern bool idt_is_f00f_address(unsigned long address); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern void idt_setup_early_pf(void); extern void idt_setup_ist_traps(void); #else static inline void idt_setup_early_pf(void) { } static inline void idt_setup_ist_traps(void) { } #endif extern void idt_invalidate(void *addr); #endif /* _ASM_X86_DESC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_INAT_H #define _ASM_X86_INAT_H /* * x86 instruction attributes * * Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> */ #include <asm/inat_types.h> /* * Internal bits. Don't use bitmasks directly, because these bits are * unstable. You should use checking functions. */ #define INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE 256 #define INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE 8 /* Legacy last prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ 1 /* 0x66 */ /* LPFX1 */ #define INAT_PFX_REPE 2 /* 0xF3 */ /* LPFX2 */ #define INAT_PFX_REPNE 3 /* 0xF2 */ /* LPFX3 */ /* Other Legacy prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_LOCK 4 /* 0xF0 */ #define INAT_PFX_CS 5 /* 0x2E */ #define INAT_PFX_DS 6 /* 0x3E */ #define INAT_PFX_ES 7 /* 0x26 */ #define INAT_PFX_FS 8 /* 0x64 */ #define INAT_PFX_GS 9 /* 0x65 */ #define INAT_PFX_SS 10 /* 0x36 */ #define INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ 11 /* 0x67 */ /* x86-64 REX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_REX 12 /* 0x4X */ /* AVX VEX prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_VEX2 13 /* 2-bytes VEX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_VEX3 14 /* 3-bytes VEX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_EVEX 15 /* EVEX prefix */ #define INAT_LSTPFX_MAX 3 #define INAT_LGCPFX_MAX 11 /* Immediate size */ #define INAT_IMM_BYTE 1 #define INAT_IMM_WORD 2 #define INAT_IMM_DWORD 3 #define INAT_IMM_QWORD 4 #define INAT_IMM_PTR 5 #define INAT_IMM_VWORD32 6 #define INAT_IMM_VWORD 7 /* Legacy prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_OFFS 0 #define INAT_PFX_BITS 4 #define INAT_PFX_MAX ((1 << INAT_PFX_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_PFX_MASK (INAT_PFX_MAX << INAT_PFX_OFFS) /* Escape opcodes */ #define INAT_ESC_OFFS (INAT_PFX_OFFS + INAT_PFX_BITS) #define INAT_ESC_BITS 2 #define INAT_ESC_MAX ((1 << INAT_ESC_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_ESC_MASK (INAT_ESC_MAX << INAT_ESC_OFFS) /* Group opcodes (1-16) */ #define INAT_GRP_OFFS (INAT_ESC_OFFS + INAT_ESC_BITS) #define INAT_GRP_BITS 5 #define INAT_GRP_MAX ((1 << INAT_GRP_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_GRP_MASK (INAT_GRP_MAX << INAT_GRP_OFFS) /* Immediates */ #define INAT_IMM_OFFS (INAT_GRP_OFFS + INAT_GRP_BITS) #define INAT_IMM_BITS 3 #define INAT_IMM_MASK (((1 << INAT_IMM_BITS) - 1) << INAT_IMM_OFFS) /* Flags */ #define INAT_FLAG_OFFS (INAT_IMM_OFFS + INAT_IMM_BITS) #define INAT_MODRM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS)) #define INAT_FORCE64 (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 1)) #define INAT_SCNDIMM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 2)) #define INAT_MOFFSET (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 3)) #define INAT_VARIANT (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 4)) #define INAT_VEXOK (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 5)) #define INAT_VEXONLY (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 6)) #define INAT_EVEXONLY (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 7)) /* Attribute making macros for attribute tables */ #define INAT_MAKE_PREFIX(pfx) (pfx << INAT_PFX_OFFS) #define INAT_MAKE_ESCAPE(esc) (esc << INAT_ESC_OFFS) #define INAT_MAKE_GROUP(grp) ((grp << INAT_GRP_OFFS) | INAT_MODRM) #define INAT_MAKE_IMM(imm) (imm << INAT_IMM_OFFS) /* Identifiers for segment registers */ #define INAT_SEG_REG_IGNORE 0 #define INAT_SEG_REG_DEFAULT 1 #define INAT_SEG_REG_CS 2 #define INAT_SEG_REG_SS 3 #define INAT_SEG_REG_DS 4 #define INAT_SEG_REG_ES 5 #define INAT_SEG_REG_FS 6 #define INAT_SEG_REG_GS 7 /* Attribute search APIs */ extern insn_attr_t inat_get_opcode_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode); extern int inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn_byte_t last_pfx); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_escape_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, int lpfx_id, insn_attr_t esc_attr); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_group_attribute(insn_byte_t modrm, int lpfx_id, insn_attr_t esc_attr); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_avx_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, insn_byte_t vex_m, insn_byte_t vex_pp); /* Attribute checking functions */ static inline int inat_is_legacy_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK; return attr && attr <= INAT_LGCPFX_MAX; } static inline int inat_is_address_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ; } static inline int inat_is_operand_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ; } static inline int inat_is_rex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_REX; } static inline int inat_last_prefix_id(insn_attr_t attr) { if ((attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) > INAT_LSTPFX_MAX) return 0; else return attr & INAT_PFX_MASK; } static inline int inat_is_vex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK; return attr == INAT_PFX_VEX2 || attr == INAT_PFX_VEX3 || attr == INAT_PFX_EVEX; } static inline int inat_is_evex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_EVEX; } static inline int inat_is_vex3_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_VEX3; } static inline int inat_is_escape(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_ESC_MASK; } static inline int inat_escape_id(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_ESC_MASK) >> INAT_ESC_OFFS; } static inline int inat_is_group(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_GRP_MASK; } static inline int inat_group_id(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_GRP_MASK) >> INAT_GRP_OFFS; } static inline int inat_group_common_attribute(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & ~INAT_GRP_MASK; } static inline int inat_has_immediate(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_IMM_MASK; } static inline int inat_immediate_size(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_IMM_MASK) >> INAT_IMM_OFFS; } static inline int inat_has_modrm(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_MODRM; } static inline int inat_is_force64(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_FORCE64; } static inline int inat_has_second_immediate(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_SCNDIMM; } static inline int inat_has_moffset(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_MOFFSET; } static inline int inat_has_variant(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_VARIANT; } static inline int inat_accept_vex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_VEXOK; } static inline int inat_must_vex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & (INAT_VEXONLY | INAT_EVEXONLY); } static inline int inat_must_evex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_EVEXONLY; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM rtc #if !defined(_TRACE_RTC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RTC_H #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_time_alarm_class, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(time64_t, secs) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->secs = secs; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("UTC (%lld) (%d)", __entry->secs, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_freq, TP_PROTO(int freq, int err), TP_ARGS(freq, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, freq) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->freq = freq; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("set RTC periodic IRQ frequency:%u (%d)", __entry->freq, __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_state, TP_PROTO(int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC 2^N Hz periodic IRQs (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_alarm_irq_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC alarm IRQ (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_offset_class, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, offset) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->offset = offset; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("RTC offset: %ld (%d)", __entry->offset, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_set_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_read_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_timer_class, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct rtc_timer *, timer) __field(ktime_t, expires) __field(ktime_t, period) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->timer = timer; __entry->expires = timer->node.expires; __entry->period = timer->period; ), TP_printk("RTC timer:(%p) expires:%lld period:%lld", __entry->timer, __entry->expires, __entry->period ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_fired, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RTC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for diskquota-operations. When diskquota is configured these * macros expand to the right source-code. * * Author: Marco van Wieringen <mvw@planets.elm.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #define _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #include <linux/fs.h> #define DQUOT_SPACE_WARN 0x1 #define DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE 0x2 #define DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL 0x4 static inline struct quota_info *sb_dqopt(struct super_block *sb) { return &sb->s_dquot; } /* i_mutex must being held */ static inline bool is_quota_modification(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *ia) { return (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(ia->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(ia->ia_gid, inode->i_gid)); } #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) #define quota_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __quota_error((sb), __func__, fmt , ## args) extern __printf(3, 4) void __quota_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...); /* * declaration of quota_function calls in kernel. */ int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode); bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode); void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode); struct dquot *dqget(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid qid); static inline struct dquot *dqgrab(struct dquot *dquot) { /* Make sure someone else has active reference to dquot */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!test_bit(DQ_ACTIVE_B, &dquot->dq_flags)); atomic_inc(&dquot->dq_count); return dquot; } static inline bool dquot_is_busy(struct dquot *dquot) { if (test_bit(DQ_MOD_B, &dquot->dq_flags)) return true; if (atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count) > 1) return true; return false; } void dqput(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_scan_active(struct super_block *sb, int (*fn)(struct dquot *dquot, unsigned long priv), unsigned long priv); struct dquot *dquot_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int type); void dquot_destroy(struct dquot *dquot); int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode); int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode); void dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags); /* Suspend quotas on remount RO */ static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_commit(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_acquire(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_release(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_commit_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_next_id(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); int dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); int dquot_load_quota_sb(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_load_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); int dquot_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, char *qf_name, int format_id, int type); int dquot_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_state(struct super_block *sb, struct qc_state *state); int dquot_set_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type, struct qc_info *ii); int dquot_get_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_get_next_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_set_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int __dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct dquot **transfer_to); int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr); static inline struct mem_dqinfo *sb_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->info + type; } /* * Functions for checking status of quota */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_SUSPENDED, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { /* Currently if anything is on, then quota usage is on as well */ return sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(sb, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_has_quota_loaded(sb, type) && !sb_has_quota_suspended(sb, type); } /* * Operations supported for diskquotas. */ extern const struct dquot_operations dquot_operations; extern const struct quotactl_ops dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; #else static inline int sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline int sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr) { return 0; } static inline int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); } static inline int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #define dquot_file_open generic_file_open static inline int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ static inline int dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN); } static inline void dquot_alloc_space_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline int dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) { /* * Mark inode fully dirty. Since we are allocating blocks, inode * would become fully dirty soon anyway and it reportedly * reduces lock contention. */ mark_inode_dirty(inode); } return ret; } static inline int dquot_alloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_alloc_block_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_alloc_space_nofail(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_alloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, 0); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline int dquot_reserve_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } static inline int dquot_claim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_claim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline void dquot_reclaim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr, 0); } static inline void dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_free_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_release_reservation_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } unsigned int qtype_enforce_flag(int type); #endif /* _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_LIST_NULLS_H #define _LINUX_LIST_NULLS_H #include <linux/poison.h> #include <linux/const.h> /* * Special version of lists, where end of list is not a NULL pointer, * but a 'nulls' marker, which can have many different values. * (up to 2^31 different values guaranteed on all platforms) * * In the standard hlist, termination of a list is the NULL pointer. * In this special 'nulls' variant, we use the fact that objects stored in * a list are aligned on a word (4 or 8 bytes alignment). * We therefore use the last significant bit of 'ptr' : * Set to 1 : This is a 'nulls' end-of-list marker (ptr >> 1) * Set to 0 : This is a pointer to some object (ptr) */ struct hlist_nulls_head { struct hlist_nulls_node *first; }; struct hlist_nulls_node { struct hlist_nulls_node *next, **pprev; }; #define NULLS_MARKER(value) (1UL | (((long)value) << 1)) #define INIT_HLIST_NULLS_HEAD(ptr, nulls) \ ((ptr)->first = (struct hlist_nulls_node *) NULLS_MARKER(nulls)) #define hlist_nulls_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr,type,member) #define hlist_nulls_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ !is_a_nulls(____ptr) ? hlist_nulls_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * ptr_is_a_nulls - Test if a ptr is a nulls * @ptr: ptr to be tested * */ static inline int is_a_nulls(const struct hlist_nulls_node *ptr) { return ((unsigned long)ptr & 1); } /** * get_nulls_value - Get the 'nulls' value of the end of chain * @ptr: end of chain * * Should be called only if is_a_nulls(ptr); */ static inline unsigned long get_nulls_value(const struct hlist_nulls_node *ptr) { return ((unsigned long)ptr) >> 1; } /** * hlist_nulls_unhashed - Has node been removed and reinitialized? * @h: Node to be checked * * Not that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed state. * For example, hlist_del_init_rcu() leaves the node in unhashed state, * but hlist_nulls_del() does not. */ static inline int hlist_nulls_unhashed(const struct hlist_nulls_node *h) { return !h->pprev; } /** * hlist_nulls_unhashed_lockless - Has node been removed and reinitialized? * @h: Node to be checked * * Not that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed state. * For example, hlist_del_init_rcu() leaves the node in unhashed state, * but hlist_nulls_del() does not. Unlike hlist_nulls_unhashed(), this * function may be used locklessly. */ static inline int hlist_nulls_unhashed_lockless(const struct hlist_nulls_node *h) { return !READ_ONCE(h->pprev); } static inline int hlist_nulls_empty(const struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { return is_a_nulls(READ_ONCE(h->first)); } static inline void hlist_nulls_add_head(struct hlist_nulls_node *n, struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { struct hlist_nulls_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); h->first = n; if (!is_a_nulls(first)) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } static inline void __hlist_nulls_del(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { struct hlist_nulls_node *next = n->next; struct hlist_nulls_node **pprev = n->pprev; WRITE_ONCE(*pprev, next); if (!is_a_nulls(next)) WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, pprev); } static inline void hlist_nulls_del(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { __hlist_nulls_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (pos = (head)->first; \ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1;}); \ pos = pos->next) /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_from - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_node to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, member) \ for (; (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1;}); \ pos = pos->next) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #define _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #include <linux/genhd.h> struct disk_stats { u64 nsecs[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long sectors[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long ios[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long merges[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long io_ticks; local_t in_flight[2]; }; /* * Macros to operate on percpu disk statistics: * * {disk|part|all}_stat_{add|sub|inc|dec}() modify the stat counters and should * be called between disk_stat_lock() and disk_stat_unlock(). * * part_stat_read() can be called at any time. */ #define part_stat_lock() preempt_disable() #define part_stat_unlock() preempt_enable() #define part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, cpu) \ (per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, (cpu))->field) #define part_stat_get(part, field) \ part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, smp_processor_id()) #define part_stat_read(part, field) \ ({ \ typeof((part)->dkstats->field) res = 0; \ unsigned int _cpu; \ for_each_possible_cpu(_cpu) \ res += per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, _cpu)->field; \ res; \ }) static inline void part_stat_set_all(struct hd_struct *part, int value) { int i; for_each_possible_cpu(i) memset(per_cpu_ptr(part->dkstats, i), value, sizeof(struct disk_stats)); } #define part_stat_read_accum(part, field) \ (part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_READ]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_WRITE]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_DISCARD])) #define __part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) \ __this_cpu_add((part)->dkstats->field, addnd) #define part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) do { \ __part_stat_add((part), field, addnd); \ if ((part)->partno) \ __part_stat_add(&part_to_disk((part))->part0, \ field, addnd); \ } while (0) #define part_stat_dec(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -1) #define part_stat_inc(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, 1) #define part_stat_sub(gendiskp, field, subnd) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -subnd) #define part_stat_local_dec(gendiskp, field) \ local_dec(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_inc(gendiskp, field) \ local_inc(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read(gendiskp, field) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu))) #endif /* _LINUX_PART_STAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* md.h : kernel internal structure of the Linux MD driver Copyright (C) 1996-98 Ingo Molnar, Gadi Oxman */ #ifndef _MD_MD_H #define _MD_MD_H #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/badblocks.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "md-cluster.h" #define MaxSector (~(sector_t)0) /* * These flags should really be called "NO_RETRY" rather than * "FAILFAST" because they don't make any promise about time lapse, * only about the number of retries, which will be zero. * REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER is not included because * Commit: 4a27446f3e39 ("[SCSI] modify scsi to handle new fail fast flags.") * seems to suggest that the errors it avoids retrying should usually * be retried. */ #define MD_FAILFAST (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV | REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT) /* * The struct embedded in rdev is used to serialize IO. */ struct serial_in_rdev { struct rb_root_cached serial_rb; spinlock_t serial_lock; wait_queue_head_t serial_io_wait; }; /* * MD's 'extended' device */ struct md_rdev { struct list_head same_set; /* RAID devices within the same set */ sector_t sectors; /* Device size (in 512bytes sectors) */ struct mddev *mddev; /* RAID array if running */ int last_events; /* IO event timestamp */ /* * If meta_bdev is non-NULL, it means that a separate device is * being used to store the metadata (superblock/bitmap) which * would otherwise be contained on the same device as the data (bdev). */ struct block_device *meta_bdev; struct block_device *bdev; /* block device handle */ struct page *sb_page, *bb_page; int sb_loaded; __u64 sb_events; sector_t data_offset; /* start of data in array */ sector_t new_data_offset;/* only relevant while reshaping */ sector_t sb_start; /* offset of the super block (in 512byte sectors) */ int sb_size; /* bytes in the superblock */ int preferred_minor; /* autorun support */ struct kobject kobj; /* A device can be in one of three states based on two flags: * Not working: faulty==1 in_sync==0 * Fully working: faulty==0 in_sync==1 * Working, but not * in sync with array * faulty==0 in_sync==0 * * It can never have faulty==1, in_sync==1 * This reduces the burden of testing multiple flags in many cases */ unsigned long flags; /* bit set of 'enum flag_bits' bits. */ wait_queue_head_t blocked_wait; int desc_nr; /* descriptor index in the superblock */ int raid_disk; /* role of device in array */ int new_raid_disk; /* role that the device will have in * the array after a level-change completes. */ int saved_raid_disk; /* role that device used to have in the * array and could again if we did a partial * resync from the bitmap */ union { sector_t recovery_offset;/* If this device has been partially * recovered, this is where we were * up to. */ sector_t journal_tail; /* If this device is a journal device, * this is the journal tail (journal * recovery start point) */ }; atomic_t nr_pending; /* number of pending requests. * only maintained for arrays that * support hot removal */ atomic_t read_errors; /* number of consecutive read errors that * we have tried to ignore. */ time64_t last_read_error; /* monotonic time since our * last read error */ atomic_t corrected_errors; /* number of corrected read errors, * for reporting to userspace and storing * in superblock. */ struct serial_in_rdev *serial; /* used for raid1 io serialization */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'state' * sysfs entry */ /* handle for 'unacknowledged_bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_unack_badblocks; /* handle for 'bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_badblocks; struct badblocks badblocks; struct { short offset; /* Offset from superblock to start of PPL. * Not used by external metadata. */ unsigned int size; /* Size in sectors of the PPL space */ sector_t sector; /* First sector of the PPL space */ } ppl; }; enum flag_bits { Faulty, /* device is known to have a fault */ In_sync, /* device is in_sync with rest of array */ Bitmap_sync, /* ..actually, not quite In_sync. Need a * bitmap-based recovery to get fully in sync. * The bit is only meaningful before device * has been passed to pers->hot_add_disk. */ WriteMostly, /* Avoid reading if at all possible */ AutoDetected, /* added by auto-detect */ Blocked, /* An error occurred but has not yet * been acknowledged by the metadata * handler, so don't allow writes * until it is cleared */ WriteErrorSeen, /* A write error has been seen on this * device */ FaultRecorded, /* Intermediate state for clearing * Blocked. The Fault is/will-be * recorded in the metadata, but that * metadata hasn't been stored safely * on disk yet. */ BlockedBadBlocks, /* A writer is blocked because they * found an unacknowledged bad-block. * This can safely be cleared at any * time, and the writer will re-check. * It may be set at any time, and at * worst the writer will timeout and * re-check. So setting it as * accurately as possible is good, but * not absolutely critical. */ WantReplacement, /* This device is a candidate to be * hot-replaced, either because it has * reported some faults, or because * of explicit request. */ Replacement, /* This device is a replacement for * a want_replacement device with same * raid_disk number. */ Candidate, /* For clustered environments only: * This device is seen locally but not * by the whole cluster */ Journal, /* This device is used as journal for * raid-5/6. * Usually, this device should be faster * than other devices in the array */ ClusterRemove, RemoveSynchronized, /* synchronize_rcu() was called after * this device was known to be faulty, * so it is safe to remove without * another synchronize_rcu() call. */ ExternalBbl, /* External metadata provides bad * block management for a disk */ FailFast, /* Minimal retries should be attempted on * this device, so use REQ_FAILFAST_DEV. * Also don't try to repair failed reads. * It is expects that no bad block log * is present. */ LastDev, /* Seems to be the last working dev as * it didn't fail, so don't use FailFast * any more for metadata */ CollisionCheck, /* * check if there is collision between raid1 * serial bios. */ }; static inline int is_badblock(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, sector_t *first_bad, int *bad_sectors) { if (unlikely(rdev->badblocks.count)) { int rv = badblocks_check(&rdev->badblocks, rdev->data_offset + s, sectors, first_bad, bad_sectors); if (rv) *first_bad -= rdev->data_offset; return rv; } return 0; } extern int rdev_set_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); extern int rdev_clear_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); struct md_cluster_info; /* change UNSUPPORTED_MDDEV_FLAGS for each array type if new flag is added */ enum mddev_flags { MD_ARRAY_FIRST_USE, /* First use of array, needs initialization */ MD_CLOSING, /* If set, we are closing the array, do not open * it then */ MD_JOURNAL_CLEAN, /* A raid with journal is already clean */ MD_HAS_JOURNAL, /* The raid array has journal feature set */ MD_CLUSTER_RESYNC_LOCKED, /* cluster raid only, which means node * already took resync lock, need to * release the lock */ MD_FAILFAST_SUPPORTED, /* Using MD_FAILFAST on metadata writes is * supported as calls to md_error() will * never cause the array to become failed. */ MD_HAS_PPL, /* The raid array has PPL feature set */ MD_HAS_MULTIPLE_PPLS, /* The raid array has multiple PPLs feature set */ MD_ALLOW_SB_UPDATE, /* md_check_recovery is allowed to update * the metadata without taking reconfig_mutex. */ MD_UPDATING_SB, /* md_check_recovery is updating the metadata * without explicitly holding reconfig_mutex. */ MD_NOT_READY, /* do_md_run() is active, so 'array_state' * must not report that array is ready yet */ MD_BROKEN, /* This is used in RAID-0/LINEAR only, to stop * I/O in case an array member is gone/failed. */ }; enum mddev_sb_flags { MD_SB_CHANGE_DEVS, /* Some device status has changed */ MD_SB_CHANGE_CLEAN, /* transition to or from 'clean' */ MD_SB_CHANGE_PENDING, /* switch from 'clean' to 'active' in progress */ MD_SB_NEED_REWRITE, /* metadata write needs to be repeated */ }; #define NR_SERIAL_INFOS 8 /* record current range of serialize IOs */ struct serial_info { struct rb_node node; sector_t start; /* start sector of rb node */ sector_t last; /* end sector of rb node */ sector_t _subtree_last; /* highest sector in subtree of rb node */ }; struct mddev { void *private; struct md_personality *pers; dev_t unit; int md_minor; struct list_head disks; unsigned long flags; unsigned long sb_flags; int suspended; atomic_t active_io; int ro; int sysfs_active; /* set when sysfs deletes * are happening, so run/ * takeover/stop are not safe */ struct gendisk *gendisk; struct kobject kobj; int hold_active; #define UNTIL_IOCTL 1 #define UNTIL_STOP 2 /* Superblock information */ int major_version, minor_version, patch_version; int persistent; int external; /* metadata is * managed externally */ char metadata_type[17]; /* externally set*/ int chunk_sectors; time64_t ctime, utime; int level, layout; char clevel[16]; int raid_disks; int max_disks; sector_t dev_sectors; /* used size of * component devices */ sector_t array_sectors; /* exported array size */ int external_size; /* size managed * externally */ __u64 events; /* If the last 'event' was simply a clean->dirty transition, and * we didn't write it to the spares, then it is safe and simple * to just decrement the event count on a dirty->clean transition. * So we record that possibility here. */ int can_decrease_events; char uuid[16]; /* If the array is being reshaped, we need to record the * new shape and an indication of where we are up to. * This is written to the superblock. * If reshape_position is MaxSector, then no reshape is happening (yet). */ sector_t reshape_position; int delta_disks, new_level, new_layout; int new_chunk_sectors; int reshape_backwards; struct md_thread *thread; /* management thread */ struct md_thread *sync_thread; /* doing resync or reconstruct */ /* 'last_sync_action' is initialized to "none". It is set when a * sync operation (i.e "data-check", "requested-resync", "resync", * "recovery", or "reshape") is started. It holds this value even * when the sync thread is "frozen" (interrupted) or "idle" (stopped * or finished). It is overwritten when a new sync operation is begun. */ char *last_sync_action; sector_t curr_resync; /* last block scheduled */ /* As resync requests can complete out of order, we cannot easily track * how much resync has been completed. So we occasionally pause until * everything completes, then set curr_resync_completed to curr_resync. * As such it may be well behind the real resync mark, but it is a value * we are certain of. */ sector_t curr_resync_completed; unsigned long resync_mark; /* a recent timestamp */ sector_t resync_mark_cnt;/* blocks written at resync_mark */ sector_t curr_mark_cnt; /* blocks scheduled now */ sector_t resync_max_sectors; /* may be set by personality */ atomic64_t resync_mismatches; /* count of sectors where * parity/replica mismatch found */ /* allow user-space to request suspension of IO to regions of the array */ sector_t suspend_lo; sector_t suspend_hi; /* if zero, use the system-wide default */ int sync_speed_min; int sync_speed_max; /* resync even though the same disks are shared among md-devices */ int parallel_resync; int ok_start_degraded; unsigned long recovery; /* If a RAID personality determines that recovery (of a particular * device) will fail due to a read error on the source device, it * takes a copy of this number and does not attempt recovery again * until this number changes. */ int recovery_disabled; int in_sync; /* know to not need resync */ /* 'open_mutex' avoids races between 'md_open' and 'do_md_stop', so * that we are never stopping an array while it is open. * 'reconfig_mutex' protects all other reconfiguration. * These locks are separate due to conflicting interactions * with bdev->bd_mutex. * Lock ordering is: * reconfig_mutex -> bd_mutex * bd_mutex -> open_mutex: e.g. __blkdev_get -> md_open */ struct mutex open_mutex; struct mutex reconfig_mutex; atomic_t active; /* general refcount */ atomic_t openers; /* number of active opens */ int changed; /* True if we might need to * reread partition info */ int degraded; /* whether md should consider * adding a spare */ atomic_t recovery_active; /* blocks scheduled, but not written */ wait_queue_head_t recovery_wait; sector_t recovery_cp; sector_t resync_min; /* user requested sync * starts here */ sector_t resync_max; /* resync should pause * when it gets here */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'array_state' * file in sysfs. */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_action; /* handle for 'sync_action' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_completed; /*handle for 'sync_completed' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_degraded; /*handle for 'degraded' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_level; /*handle for 'level' */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ /* "lock" protects: * flush_bio transition from NULL to !NULL * rdev superblocks, events * clearing MD_CHANGE_* * in_sync - and related safemode and MD_CHANGE changes * pers (also protected by reconfig_mutex and pending IO). * clearing ->bitmap * clearing ->bitmap_info.file * changing ->resync_{min,max} * setting MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING (which interacts with resync_{min,max}) */ spinlock_t lock; wait_queue_head_t sb_wait; /* for waiting on superblock updates */ atomic_t pending_writes; /* number of active superblock writes */ unsigned int safemode; /* if set, update "clean" superblock * when no writes pending. */ unsigned int safemode_delay; struct timer_list safemode_timer; struct percpu_ref writes_pending; int sync_checkers; /* # of threads checking writes_pending */ struct request_queue *queue; /* for plugging ... */ struct bitmap *bitmap; /* the bitmap for the device */ struct { struct file *file; /* the bitmap file */ loff_t offset; /* offset from superblock of * start of bitmap. May be * negative, but not '0' * For external metadata, offset * from start of device. */ unsigned long space; /* space available at this offset */ loff_t default_offset; /* this is the offset to use when * hot-adding a bitmap. It should * eventually be settable by sysfs. */ unsigned long default_space; /* space available at * default offset */ struct mutex mutex; unsigned long chunksize; unsigned long daemon_sleep; /* how many jiffies between updates? */ unsigned long max_write_behind; /* write-behind mode */ int external; int nodes; /* Maximum number of nodes in the cluster */ char cluster_name[64]; /* Name of the cluster */ } bitmap_info; atomic_t max_corr_read_errors; /* max read retries */ struct list_head all_mddevs; struct attribute_group *to_remove; struct bio_set bio_set; struct bio_set sync_set; /* for sync operations like * metadata and bitmap writes */ mempool_t md_io_pool; /* Generic flush handling. * The last to finish preflush schedules a worker to submit * the rest of the request (without the REQ_PREFLUSH flag). */ struct bio *flush_bio; atomic_t flush_pending; ktime_t start_flush, last_flush; /* last_flush is when the last completed * flush was started. */ struct work_struct flush_work; struct work_struct event_work; /* used by dm to report failure event */ mempool_t *serial_info_pool; void (*sync_super)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); struct md_cluster_info *cluster_info; unsigned int good_device_nr; /* good device num within cluster raid */ unsigned int noio_flag; /* for memalloc scope API */ bool has_superblocks:1; bool fail_last_dev:1; bool serialize_policy:1; }; enum recovery_flags { /* * If neither SYNC or RESHAPE are set, then it is a recovery. */ MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, /* a thread is running, or about to be started */ MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, /* actually doing a resync, not a recovery */ MD_RECOVERY_RECOVER, /* doing recovery, or need to try it. */ MD_RECOVERY_INTR, /* resync needs to be aborted for some reason */ MD_RECOVERY_DONE, /* thread is done and is waiting to be reaped */ MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, /* we might need to start a resync/recover */ MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, /* user-space has requested a sync (used with SYNC) */ MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, /* user-space request for check-only, no repair */ MD_RECOVERY_RESHAPE, /* A reshape is happening */ MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, /* User request to abort, and not restart, any action */ MD_RECOVERY_ERROR, /* sync-action interrupted because io-error */ MD_RECOVERY_WAIT, /* waiting for pers->start() to finish */ MD_RESYNCING_REMOTE, /* remote node is running resync thread */ }; static inline int __must_check mddev_lock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_lock_interruptible(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } /* Sometimes we need to take the lock in a situation where * failure due to interrupts is not acceptable. */ static inline void mddev_lock_nointr(struct mddev *mddev) { mutex_lock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } static inline int mddev_trylock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_trylock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } extern void mddev_unlock(struct mddev *mddev); static inline void md_sync_acct(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bdev->bd_disk->sync_io); } static inline void md_sync_acct_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bio->bi_disk->sync_io); } struct md_personality { char *name; int level; struct list_head list; struct module *owner; bool __must_check (*make_request)(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); /* * start up works that do NOT require md_thread. tasks that * requires md_thread should go into start() */ int (*run)(struct mddev *mddev); /* start up works that require md threads */ int (*start)(struct mddev *mddev); void (*free)(struct mddev *mddev, void *priv); void (*status)(struct seq_file *seq, struct mddev *mddev); /* error_handler must set ->faulty and clear ->in_sync * if appropriate, and should abort recovery if needed */ void (*error_handler)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_add_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_remove_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*spare_active) (struct mddev *mddev); sector_t (*sync_request)(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sector_nr, int *skipped); int (*resize) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors); sector_t (*size) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors, int raid_disks); int (*check_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); int (*start_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*finish_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*update_reshape_pos) (struct mddev *mddev); /* quiesce suspends or resumes internal processing. * 1 - stop new actions and wait for action io to complete * 0 - return to normal behaviour */ void (*quiesce) (struct mddev *mddev, int quiesce); /* takeover is used to transition an array from one * personality to another. The new personality must be able * to handle the data in the current layout. * e.g. 2drive raid1 -> 2drive raid5 * ndrive raid5 -> degraded n+1drive raid6 with special layout * If the takeover succeeds, a new 'private' structure is returned. * This needs to be installed and then ->run used to activate the * array. */ void *(*takeover) (struct mddev *mddev); /* Changes the consistency policy of an active array. */ int (*change_consistency_policy)(struct mddev *mddev, const char *buf); }; struct md_sysfs_entry { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct mddev *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct mddev *, const char *, size_t); }; extern struct attribute_group md_bitmap_group; static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd, char *name) { if (sd) return sysfs_get_dirent(sd, name); return sd; } static inline void sysfs_notify_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd) { if (sd) sysfs_notify_dirent(sd); } static inline char * mdname (struct mddev * mddev) { return mddev->gendisk ? mddev->gendisk->disk_name : "mdX"; } static inline int sysfs_link_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); return sysfs_create_link(&mddev->kobj, &rdev->kobj, nm); } else return 0; } static inline void sysfs_unlink_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); sysfs_remove_link(&mddev->kobj, nm); } } /* * iterates through some rdev ringlist. It's safe to remove the * current 'rdev'. Dont touch 'tmp' though. */ #define rdev_for_each_list(rdev, tmp, head) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, head, same_set) /* * iterates through the 'same array disks' ringlist */ #define rdev_for_each(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_safe(rdev, tmp, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_rcu(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) struct md_thread { void (*run) (struct md_thread *thread); struct mddev *mddev; wait_queue_head_t wqueue; unsigned long flags; struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long timeout; void *private; }; #define THREAD_WAKEUP 0 static inline void safe_put_page(struct page *p) { if (p) put_page(p); } extern int register_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int unregister_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int register_md_cluster_operations(struct md_cluster_operations *ops, struct module *module); extern int unregister_md_cluster_operations(void); extern int md_setup_cluster(struct mddev *mddev, int nodes); extern void md_cluster_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct md_thread *md_register_thread( void (*run)(struct md_thread *thread), struct mddev *mddev, const char *name); extern void md_unregister_thread(struct md_thread **threadp); extern void md_wakeup_thread(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_check_recovery(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reap_sync_thread(struct mddev *mddev); extern int mddev_init_writes_pending(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool md_write_start(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_inc(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_end(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_done_sync(struct mddev *mddev, int blocks, int ok); extern void md_error(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_finish_reshape(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool __must_check md_flush_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void md_super_write(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page); extern int md_super_wait(struct mddev *mddev); extern int sync_page_io(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page, int op, int op_flags, bool metadata_op); extern void md_do_sync(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_new_event(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_allow_write(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_wait_for_blocked_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_set_array_sectors(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t array_sectors); extern int md_check_no_bitmap(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_register(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_add_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern int strict_strtoul_scaled(const char *cp, unsigned long *res, int scale); extern void mddev_init(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_start(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop_writes(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_rdev_init(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_rdev_clear(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_handle_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void mddev_suspend(struct mddev *mddev); extern void mddev_resume(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_mddev(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nr_iovecs, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reload_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int raid_disk); extern void md_update_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int force); extern void md_kick_rdev_from_array(struct md_rdev * rdev); extern void mddev_create_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); extern void mddev_destroy_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_nr_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, int nr); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, dev_t dev); static inline bool is_mddev_broken(struct md_rdev *rdev, const char *md_type) { int flags = rdev->bdev->bd_disk->flags; if (!(flags & GENHD_FL_UP)) { if (!test_and_set_bit(MD_BROKEN, &rdev->mddev->flags)) pr_warn("md: %s: %s array has a missing/failed member\n", mdname(rdev->mddev), md_type); return true; } return false; } static inline void rdev_dec_pending(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev) { int faulty = test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rdev->nr_pending) && faulty) { set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery); md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread); } } extern struct md_cluster_operations *md_cluster_ops; static inline int mddev_is_clustered(struct mddev *mddev) { return mddev->cluster_info && mddev->bitmap_info.nodes > 1; } /* clear unsupported mddev_flags */ static inline void mddev_clear_unsupported_flags(struct mddev *mddev, unsigned long unsupported_flags) { mddev->flags &= ~unsupported_flags; } static inline void mddev_check_writesame(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors = 0; } static inline void mddev_check_write_zeroes(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors = 0; } struct mdu_array_info_s; struct mdu_disk_info_s; extern int mdp_major; void md_autostart_arrays(int part); int md_set_array_info(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_array_info_s *info); int md_add_new_disk(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_disk_info_s *info); int do_md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern const struct block_device_operations md_fops; #endif /* _MD_MD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SEQ_FILE_NET_H__ #define __SEQ_FILE_NET_H__ #include <linux/seq_file.h> struct net; extern struct net init_net; struct seq_net_private { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif }; static inline struct net *seq_file_net(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return ((struct seq_net_private *)seq->private)->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* * This one is needed for proc_create_net_single since net is stored directly * in private not as a struct i.e. seq_file_net can't be used. */ static inline struct net *seq_file_single_net(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return (struct net *)seq->private; #else return &init_net; #endif } #endif
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #define __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <linux/pkt_cls.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/dynamic_queue_limits.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <net/gen_stats.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/flow_offload.h> struct Qdisc_ops; struct qdisc_walker; struct tcf_walker; struct module; struct bpf_flow_keys; struct qdisc_rate_table { struct tc_ratespec rate; u32 data[256]; struct qdisc_rate_table *next; int refcnt; }; enum qdisc_state_t { __QDISC_STATE_SCHED, __QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED, __QDISC_STATE_MISSED, }; struct qdisc_size_table { struct rcu_head rcu; struct list_head list; struct tc_sizespec szopts; int refcnt; u16 data[]; }; /* similar to sk_buff_head, but skb->prev pointer is undefined. */ struct qdisc_skb_head { struct sk_buff *head; struct sk_buff *tail; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct Qdisc { int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *sch); unsigned int flags; #define TCQ_F_BUILTIN 1 #define TCQ_F_INGRESS 2 #define TCQ_F_CAN_BYPASS 4 #define TCQ_F_MQROOT 8 #define TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE 0x10 /* dequeue_skb() can assume all skbs are for * q->dev_queue : It can test * netif_xmit_frozen_or_stopped() before * dequeueing next packet. * Its true for MQ/MQPRIO slaves, or non * multiqueue device. */ #define TCQ_F_WARN_NONWC (1 << 16) #define TCQ_F_CPUSTATS 0x20 /* run using percpu statistics */ #define TCQ_F_NOPARENT 0x40 /* root of its hierarchy : * qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() should stop. */ #define TCQ_F_INVISIBLE 0x80 /* invisible by default in dump */ #define TCQ_F_NOLOCK 0x100 /* qdisc does not require locking */ #define TCQ_F_OFFLOADED 0x200 /* qdisc is offloaded to HW */ u32 limit; const struct Qdisc_ops *ops; struct qdisc_size_table __rcu *stab; struct hlist_node hash; u32 handle; u32 parent; struct netdev_queue *dev_queue; struct net_rate_estimator __rcu *rate_est; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; int pad; refcount_t refcnt; /* * For performance sake on SMP, we put highly modified fields at the end */ struct sk_buff_head gso_skb ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct qdisc_skb_head q; struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats; seqcount_t running; struct gnet_stats_queue qstats; unsigned long state; struct Qdisc *next_sched; struct sk_buff_head skb_bad_txq; spinlock_t busylock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; spinlock_t seqlock; /* for NOLOCK qdisc, true if there are no enqueued skbs */ bool empty; struct rcu_head rcu; /* private data */ long privdata[] ____cacheline_aligned; }; static inline void qdisc_refcount_inc(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return; refcount_inc(&qdisc->refcnt); } /* Intended to be used by unlocked users, when concurrent qdisc release is * possible. */ static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_refcount_inc_nz(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return qdisc; if (refcount_inc_not_zero(&qdisc->refcnt)) return qdisc; return NULL; } static inline bool qdisc_is_running(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) return spin_is_locked(&qdisc->seqlock); return (raw_read_seqcount(&qdisc->running) & 1) ? true : false; } static inline bool qdisc_is_percpu_stats(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->flags & TCQ_F_CPUSTATS; } static inline bool qdisc_is_empty(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(qdisc)) return READ_ONCE(qdisc->empty); return !READ_ONCE(qdisc->q.qlen); } static inline bool qdisc_run_begin(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { if (spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) goto nolock_empty; /* Paired with smp_mb__after_atomic() to make sure * STATE_MISSED checking is synchronized with clearing * in pfifo_fast_dequeue(). */ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* If the MISSED flag is set, it means other thread has * set the MISSED flag before second spin_trylock(), so * we can return false here to avoid multi cpus doing * the set_bit() and second spin_trylock() concurrently. */ if (test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state)) return false; /* Set the MISSED flag before the second spin_trylock(), * if the second spin_trylock() return false, it means * other cpu holding the lock will do dequeuing for us * or it will see the MISSED flag set after releasing * lock and reschedule the net_tx_action() to do the * dequeuing. */ set_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); /* spin_trylock() only has load-acquire semantic, so use * smp_mb__after_atomic() to ensure STATE_MISSED is set * before doing the second spin_trylock(). */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Retry again in case other CPU may not see the new flag * after it releases the lock at the end of qdisc_run_end(). */ if (!spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) return false; nolock_empty: WRITE_ONCE(qdisc->empty, false); } else if (qdisc_is_running(qdisc)) { return false; } /* Variant of write_seqcount_begin() telling lockdep a trylock * was attempted. */ raw_write_seqcount_begin(&qdisc->running); seqcount_acquire(&qdisc->running.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); return true; } static inline void qdisc_run_end(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { write_seqcount_end(&qdisc->running); if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { spin_unlock(&qdisc->seqlock); if (unlikely(test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state))) { clear_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); __netif_schedule(qdisc); } } } static inline bool qdisc_may_bulk(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE; } static inline int qdisc_avail_bulklimit(const struct netdev_queue *txq) { #ifdef CONFIG_BQL /* Non-BQL migrated drivers will return 0, too. */ return dql_avail(&txq->dql); #else return 0; #endif } struct Qdisc_class_ops { unsigned int flags; /* Child qdisc manipulation */ struct netdev_queue * (*select_queue)(struct Qdisc *, struct tcmsg *); int (*graft)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl, struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc **, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct Qdisc * (*leaf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl); void (*qlen_notify)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* Class manipulation routines */ unsigned long (*find)(struct Qdisc *, u32 classid); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *, u32, u32, struct nlattr **, unsigned long *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); void (*walk)(struct Qdisc *, struct qdisc_walker * arg); /* Filter manipulation */ struct tcf_block * (*tcf_block)(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned long (*bind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, u32 classid); void (*unbind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct gnet_dump *); }; /* Qdisc_class_ops flag values */ /* Implements API that doesn't require rtnl lock */ enum qdisc_class_ops_flags { QDISC_CLASS_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct Qdisc_ops { struct Qdisc_ops *next; const struct Qdisc_class_ops *cl_ops; char id[IFNAMSIZ]; int priv_size; unsigned int static_flags; int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *); struct sk_buff * (*peek)(struct Qdisc *); int (*init)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*reset)(struct Qdisc *); void (*destroy)(struct Qdisc *); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*attach)(struct Qdisc *sch); int (*change_tx_queue_len)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned int); int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, struct sk_buff *); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, struct gnet_dump *); void (*ingress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); void (*egress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); u32 (*ingress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); u32 (*egress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); struct module *owner; }; struct tcf_result { union { struct { unsigned long class; u32 classid; }; const struct tcf_proto *goto_tp; /* used in the skb_tc_reinsert function */ struct { bool ingress; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; }; }; struct tcf_chain; struct tcf_proto_ops { struct list_head head; char kind[IFNAMSIZ]; int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); int (*init)(struct tcf_proto*); void (*destroy)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void* (*get)(struct tcf_proto*, u32 handle); void (*put)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *f); int (*change)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_proto*, unsigned long, u32 handle, struct nlattr **, void **, bool, bool, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *arg, bool *last, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *); bool (*delete_empty)(struct tcf_proto *tp); void (*walk)(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_walker *arg, bool rtnl_held); int (*reoffload)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool add, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*hw_add)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*hw_del)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*bind_class)(void *, u32, unsigned long, void *, unsigned long); void * (*tmplt_create)(struct net *net, struct tcf_chain *chain, struct nlattr **tca, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*tmplt_destroy)(void *tmplt_priv); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct net*, struct tcf_proto*, void *, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*, bool); int (*terse_dump)(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp, void *fh, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg *t, bool rtnl_held); int (*tmplt_dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, void *tmplt_priv); struct module *owner; int flags; }; /* Classifiers setting TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED in tcf_proto_ops->flags * are expected to implement tcf_proto_ops->delete_empty(), otherwise race * conditions can occur when filters are inserted/deleted simultaneously. */ enum tcf_proto_ops_flags { TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct tcf_proto { /* Fast access part */ struct tcf_proto __rcu *next; void __rcu *root; /* called under RCU BH lock*/ int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); __be16 protocol; /* All the rest */ u32 prio; void *data; const struct tcf_proto_ops *ops; struct tcf_chain *chain; /* Lock protects tcf_proto shared state and can be used by unlocked * classifiers to protect their private data. */ spinlock_t lock; bool deleting; refcount_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; struct hlist_node destroy_ht_node; }; struct qdisc_skb_cb { struct { unsigned int pkt_len; u16 slave_dev_queue_mapping; u16 tc_classid; }; #define QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN 20 unsigned char data[QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN]; u16 mru; }; typedef void tcf_chain_head_change_t(struct tcf_proto *tp_head, void *priv); struct tcf_chain { /* Protects filter_chain. */ struct mutex filter_chain_lock; struct tcf_proto __rcu *filter_chain; struct list_head list; struct tcf_block *block; u32 index; /* chain index */ unsigned int refcnt; unsigned int action_refcnt; bool explicitly_created; bool flushing; const struct tcf_proto_ops *tmplt_ops; void *tmplt_priv; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct tcf_block { /* Lock protects tcf_block and lifetime-management data of chains * attached to the block (refcnt, action_refcnt, explicitly_created). */ struct mutex lock; struct list_head chain_list; u32 index; /* block index for shared blocks */ u32 classid; /* which class this block belongs to */ refcount_t refcnt; struct net *net; struct Qdisc *q; struct rw_semaphore cb_lock; /* protects cb_list and offload counters */ struct flow_block flow_block; struct list_head owner_list; bool keep_dst; atomic_t offloadcnt; /* Number of oddloaded filters */ unsigned int nooffloaddevcnt; /* Number of devs unable to do offload */ unsigned int lockeddevcnt; /* Number of devs that require rtnl lock. */ struct { struct tcf_chain *chain; struct list_head filter_chain_list; } chain0; struct rcu_head rcu; DECLARE_HASHTABLE(proto_destroy_ht, 7); struct mutex proto_destroy_lock; /* Lock for proto_destroy hashtable. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_chain *chain) { return lockdep_is_held(&chain->filter_chain_lock); } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return lockdep_is_held(&tp->lock); } #else static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_block *chain) { return true; } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return true; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ #define tcf_chain_dereference(p, chain) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(chain)) #define tcf_proto_dereference(p, tp) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(tp)) static inline void qdisc_cb_private_validate(const struct sk_buff *skb, int sz) { struct qdisc_skb_cb *qcb; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(skb->cb) < sizeof(*qcb)); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(qcb->data) < sz); } static inline int qdisc_qlen_cpu(const struct Qdisc *q) { return this_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats)->qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->q.qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen_sum(const struct Qdisc *q) { __u32 qlen = q->qstats.qlen; int i; if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(q)) { for_each_possible_cpu(i) qlen += per_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats, i)->qlen; } else { qlen += q->q.qlen; } return qlen; } static inline struct qdisc_skb_cb *qdisc_skb_cb(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct qdisc_skb_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_lock(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return &qdisc->q.lock; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference_rtnl(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); return q; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_bh(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return rcu_dereference_bh(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_sleeping(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping; } /* The qdisc root lock is a mechanism by which to top level * of a qdisc tree can be locked from any qdisc node in the * forest. This allows changing the configuration of some * aspect of the qdisc tree while blocking out asynchronous * qdisc access in the packet processing paths. * * It is only legal to do this when the root will not change * on us. Otherwise we'll potentially lock the wrong qdisc * root. This is enforced by holding the RTNL semaphore, which * all users of this lock accessor must do. */ static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline seqcount_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_running(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return &root->running; } static inline struct net_device *qdisc_dev(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->dev; } static inline void sch_tree_lock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } static inline void sch_tree_unlock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } extern struct Qdisc noop_qdisc; extern struct Qdisc_ops noop_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops pfifo_fast_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops mq_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops noqueue_qdisc_ops; extern const struct Qdisc_ops *default_qdisc_ops; static inline const struct Qdisc_ops * get_default_qdisc_ops(const struct net_device *dev, int ntx) { return ntx < dev->real_num_tx_queues ? default_qdisc_ops : &pfifo_fast_ops; } struct Qdisc_class_common { u32 classid; struct hlist_node hnode; }; struct Qdisc_class_hash { struct hlist_head *hash; unsigned int hashsize; unsigned int hashmask; unsigned int hashelems; }; static inline unsigned int qdisc_class_hash(u32 id, u32 mask) { id ^= id >> 8; id ^= id >> 4; return id & mask; } static inline struct Qdisc_class_common * qdisc_class_find(const struct Qdisc_class_hash *hash, u32 id) { struct Qdisc_class_common *cl; unsigned int h; if (!id) return NULL; h = qdisc_class_hash(id, hash->hashmask); hlist_for_each_entry(cl, &hash->hash[h], hnode) { if (cl->classid == id) return cl; } return NULL; } static inline int tc_classid_to_hwtc(struct net_device *dev, u32 classid) { u32 hwtc = TC_H_MIN(classid) - TC_H_MIN_PRIORITY; return (hwtc < netdev_get_num_tc(dev)) ? hwtc : -EINVAL; } int qdisc_class_hash_init(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_insert(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_remove(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_grow(struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_destroy(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); int dev_qdisc_change_tx_queue_len(struct net_device *dev); void dev_init_scheduler(struct net_device *dev); void dev_shutdown(struct net_device *dev); void dev_activate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate_many(struct list_head *head); struct Qdisc *dev_graft_qdisc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_reset(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put_unlocked(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(struct Qdisc *qdisc, int n, int len); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data); void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); #else static inline int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data) { q->flags &= ~TCQ_F_OFFLOADED; return 0; } static inline void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { } #endif struct Qdisc *qdisc_alloc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void qdisc_free(struct Qdisc *qdisc); struct Qdisc *qdisc_create_dflt(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, u32 parentid, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct qdisc_size_table *stab); int skb_do_redirect(struct sk_buff *); static inline bool skb_at_tc_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return skb->tc_at_ingress; #else return false; #endif } static inline bool skb_skip_tc_classify(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT if (skb->tc_skip_classify) { skb->tc_skip_classify = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } /* Reset all TX qdiscs greater than index of a device. */ static inline void qdisc_reset_all_tx_gt(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int i) { struct Qdisc *qdisc; for (; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { qdisc = rtnl_dereference(netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i)->qdisc); if (qdisc) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); qdisc_reset(qdisc); spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); } } } /* Are all TX queues of the device empty? */ static inline bool qdisc_all_tx_empty(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); const struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference(txq->qdisc); if (!qdisc_is_empty(q)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return true; } /* Are any of the TX qdiscs changing? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_changing(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != txq->qdisc_sleeping) return true; } return false; } /* Is the device using the noop qdisc on all queues? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_is_noop(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != &noop_qdisc) return false; } return true; } static inline unsigned int qdisc_pkt_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->pkt_len; } /* additional qdisc xmit flags (NET_XMIT_MASK in linux/netdevice.h) */ enum net_xmit_qdisc_t { __NET_XMIT_STOLEN = 0x00010000, __NET_XMIT_BYPASS = 0x00020000, }; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) ((e) & __NET_XMIT_STOLEN ? 0 : 1) #else #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) (1) #endif static inline void qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct Qdisc *sch) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED struct qdisc_size_table *stab = rcu_dereference_bh(sch->stab); if (stab) __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, stab); #endif } static inline int qdisc_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, sch); return sch->enqueue(skb, sch, to_free); } static inline void _bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { bstats->bytes += bytes; bstats->packets += packets; } static inline void bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { _bstats_update(bstats, qdisc_pkt_len(skb), skb_is_gso(skb) ? skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs : 1); } static inline void _bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); _bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, bytes, packets); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, skb); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(sch->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_update(&sch->bstats, skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog -= qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_sub(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog += qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_dec(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_requeues_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->requeues); } static inline void __qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch, int count) { sch->qstats.drops += count; } static inline void qstats_drop_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->drops++; } static inline void qstats_overlimit_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->overlimits++; } static inline void qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { qstats_drop_inc(&sch->qstats); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->drops); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_overlimit(struct Qdisc *sch) { sch->qstats.overlimits++; } static inline int qdisc_qstats_copy(struct gnet_dump *d, struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); return gnet_stats_copy_queue(d, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch, __u32 *qlen, __u32 *backlog) { struct gnet_stats_queue qstats = { 0 }; __u32 len = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); __gnet_stats_copy_queue(&qstats, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, len); *qlen = qstats.qlen; *backlog = qstats.backlog; } static inline void qdisc_tree_flush_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_purge_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_reset(sch); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_skb_head_init(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *last = qh->tail; if (last) { skb->next = NULL; last->next = skb; qh->tail = skb; } else { qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; } qh->qlen++; } static inline int qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, &sch->q); qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); return NET_XMIT_SUCCESS; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_head(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { skb->next = qh->head; if (!qh->head) qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; qh->qlen++; } static inline struct sk_buff *__qdisc_dequeue_head(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *skb = qh->head; if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qh->head = skb->next; qh->qlen--; if (qh->head == NULL) qh->tail = NULL; skb->next = NULL; } return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(&sch->q); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); } return skb; } /* Instead of calling kfree_skb() while root qdisc lock is held, * queue the skb for future freeing at end of __dev_xmit_skb() */ static inline void __qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline void __qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { if (skb->prev) skb->prev->next = *to_free; else skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline unsigned int __qdisc_queue_drop_head(struct Qdisc *sch, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh, struct sk_buff **to_free) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(qh); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { unsigned int len = qdisc_pkt_len(skb); qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); return len; } return 0; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { const struct qdisc_skb_head *qh = &sch->q; return qh->head; } /* generic pseudo peek method for non-work-conserving qdisc */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_dequeued(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); /* we can reuse ->gso_skb because peek isn't called for root qdiscs */ if (!skb) { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); if (skb) { __skb_queue_head(&sch->gso_skb, skb); /* it's still part of the queue */ qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen++; } } return skb; } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_enqueue(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned int pkt_len) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(sch); this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, pkt_len); } else { sch->qstats.backlog += pkt_len; sch->q.qlen++; } } /* use instead of qdisc->dequeue() for all qdiscs queried with ->peek() */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_peeked(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); if (skb) { skb = __skb_dequeue(&sch->gso_skb); if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } else { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); } return skb; } static inline void __qdisc_reset_queue(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { /* * We do not know the backlog in bytes of this list, it * is up to the caller to correct it */ ASSERT_RTNL(); if (qh->qlen) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(qh->head, qh->tail); qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } } static inline void qdisc_reset_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_reset_queue(&sch->q); sch->qstats.backlog = 0; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_replace(struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc **pold) { struct Qdisc *old; sch_tree_lock(sch); old = *pold; *pold = new; if (old != NULL) qdisc_purge_queue(old); sch_tree_unlock(sch); return old; } static inline void rtnl_qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(skb, skb); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); } static inline int qdisc_drop_cpu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop_all(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } /* Length to Time (L2T) lookup in a qdisc_rate_table, to determine how long it will take to send a packet given its size. */ static inline u32 qdisc_l2t(struct qdisc_rate_table* rtab, unsigned int pktlen) { int slot = pktlen + rtab->rate.cell_align + rtab->rate.overhead; if (slot < 0) slot = 0; slot >>= rtab->rate.cell_log; if (slot > 255) return rtab->data[255]*(slot >> 8) + rtab->data[slot & 0xFF]; return rtab->data[slot]; } struct psched_ratecfg { u64 rate_bytes_ps; /* bytes per second */ u32 mult; u16 overhead; u8 linklayer; u8 shift; }; static inline u64 psched_l2t_ns(const struct psched_ratecfg *r, unsigned int len) { len += r->overhead; if (unlikely(r->linklayer == TC_LINKLAYER_ATM)) return ((u64)(DIV_ROUND_UP(len,48)*53) * r->mult) >> r->shift; return ((u64)len * r->mult) >> r->shift; } void psched_ratecfg_precompute(struct psched_ratecfg *r, const struct tc_ratespec *conf, u64 rate64); static inline void psched_ratecfg_getrate(struct tc_ratespec *res, const struct psched_ratecfg *r) { memset(res, 0, sizeof(*res)); /* legacy struct tc_ratespec has a 32bit @rate field * Qdisc using 64bit rate should add new attributes * in order to maintain compatibility. */ res->rate = min_t(u64, r->rate_bytes_ps, ~0U); res->overhead = r->overhead; res->linklayer = (r->linklayer & TC_LINKLAYER_MASK); } /* Mini Qdisc serves for specific needs of ingress/clsact Qdisc. * The fast path only needs to access filter list and to update stats */ struct mini_Qdisc { struct tcf_proto *filter_list; struct tcf_block *block; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline void mini_qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(miniq->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void mini_qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq) { this_cpu_inc(miniq->cpu_qstats->drops); } struct mini_Qdisc_pair { struct mini_Qdisc miniq1; struct mini_Qdisc miniq2; struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq; }; void mini_qdisc_pair_swap(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_proto *tp_head); void mini_qdisc_pair_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct Qdisc *qdisc, struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq); void mini_qdisc_pair_block_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_block *block); static inline int skb_tc_reinsert(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_result *res) { return res->ingress ? netif_receive_skb(skb) : dev_queue_xmit(skb); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_RTNETLINK_H #define __NET_RTNETLINK_H #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> typedef int (*rtnl_doit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); typedef int (*rtnl_dumpit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct netlink_callback *); enum rtnl_link_flags { RTNL_FLAG_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; void rtnl_register(int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_register_module(struct module *owner, int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_unregister(int protocol, int msgtype); void rtnl_unregister_all(int protocol); static inline int rtnl_msg_family(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (nlmsg_len(nlh) >= sizeof(struct rtgenmsg)) return ((struct rtgenmsg *) nlmsg_data(nlh))->rtgen_family; else return AF_UNSPEC; } /** * struct rtnl_link_ops - rtnetlink link operations * * @list: Used internally * @kind: Identifier * @netns_refund: Physical device, move to init_net on netns exit * @maxtype: Highest device specific netlink attribute number * @policy: Netlink policy for device specific attribute validation * @validate: Optional validation function for netlink/changelink parameters * @priv_size: sizeof net_device private space * @setup: net_device setup function * @newlink: Function for configuring and registering a new device * @changelink: Function for changing parameters of an existing device * @dellink: Function to remove a device * @get_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific netlink attributes * @fill_info: Function to dump device specific netlink attributes * @get_xstats_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific statistics * @fill_xstats: Function to dump device specific statistics * @get_num_tx_queues: Function to determine number of transmit queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_num_rx_queues: Function to determine number of receive queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_link_net: Function to get the i/o netns of the device * @get_linkxstats_size: Function to calculate the required room for * dumping device-specific extended link stats * @fill_linkxstats: Function to dump device-specific extended link stats */ struct rtnl_link_ops { struct list_head list; const char *kind; size_t priv_size; void (*setup)(struct net_device *dev); bool netns_refund; unsigned int maxtype; const struct nla_policy *policy; int (*validate)(struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*newlink)(struct net *src_net, struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*dellink)(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head); size_t (*get_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_xstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_xstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); unsigned int (*get_num_tx_queues)(void); unsigned int (*get_num_rx_queues)(void); unsigned int slave_maxtype; const struct nla_policy *slave_policy; int (*slave_changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct net_device *slave_dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); size_t (*get_slave_size)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); int (*fill_slave_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); struct net *(*get_link_net)(const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_linkxstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev, int attr); int (*fill_linkxstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, int *prividx, int attr); }; int __rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void __rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); int rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); /** * struct rtnl_af_ops - rtnetlink address family operations * * @list: Used internally * @family: Address family * @fill_link_af: Function to fill IFLA_AF_SPEC with address family * specific netlink attributes. * @get_link_af_size: Function to calculate size of address family specific * netlink attributes. * @validate_link_af: Validate a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute, must check attr * for invalid configuration settings. * @set_link_af: Function to parse a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute and modify * net_device accordingly. */ struct rtnl_af_ops { struct list_head list; int family; int (*fill_link_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); size_t (*get_link_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); int (*validate_link_af)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*set_link_af)(struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*fill_stats_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_stats_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev); }; void rtnl_af_register(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); void rtnl_af_unregister(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); struct net *rtnl_link_get_net(struct net *src_net, struct nlattr *tb[]); struct net_device *rtnl_create_link(struct net *net, const char *ifname, unsigned char name_assign_type, const struct rtnl_link_ops *ops, struct nlattr *tb[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int rtnl_delete_link(struct net_device *dev); int rtnl_configure_link(struct net_device *dev, const struct ifinfomsg *ifm); int rtnl_nla_parse_ifla(struct nlattr **tb, const struct nlattr *head, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *exterr); struct net *rtnl_get_net_ns_capable(struct sock *sk, int netnsid); #define MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LINK(kind) MODULE_ALIAS("rtnl-link-" kind) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H #define LINUX_KEXEC_H #define IND_DESTINATION_BIT 0 #define IND_INDIRECTION_BIT 1 #define IND_DONE_BIT 2 #define IND_SOURCE_BIT 3 #define IND_DESTINATION (1 << IND_DESTINATION_BIT) #define IND_INDIRECTION (1 << IND_INDIRECTION_BIT) #define IND_DONE (1 << IND_DONE_BIT) #define IND_SOURCE (1 << IND_SOURCE_BIT) #define IND_FLAGS (IND_DESTINATION | IND_INDIRECTION | IND_DONE | IND_SOURCE) #if !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <linux/crash_core.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <uapi/linux/kexec.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/kexec.h> /* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */ #ifndef KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP #define KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE #error KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_ARCH #error KEXEC_ARCH not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #define KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN #define KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE #endif #define KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME CRASH_CORE_NOTE_NAME /* * This structure is used to hold the arguments that are used when loading * kernel binaries. */ typedef unsigned long kimage_entry_t; struct kexec_segment { /* * This pointer can point to user memory if kexec_load() system * call is used or will point to kernel memory if * kexec_file_load() system call is used. * * Use ->buf when expecting to deal with user memory and use ->kbuf * when expecting to deal with kernel memory. */ union { void __user *buf; void *kbuf; }; size_t bufsz; unsigned long mem; size_t memsz; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_kexec_segment { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_size_t bufsz; compat_ulong_t mem; /* User space sees this as a (void *) ... */ compat_size_t memsz; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE struct purgatory_info { /* * Pointer to elf header at the beginning of kexec_purgatory. * Note: kexec_purgatory is read only */ const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for sechdrs used for relocation. * This memory can be freed post image load. */ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for stripped purgatory used for * relocation. This memory can be freed post image load. */ void *purgatory_buf; }; struct kimage; typedef int (kexec_probe_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_size); typedef void *(kexec_load_t)(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len, char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len, char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len); typedef int (kexec_cleanup_t)(void *loader_data); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG typedef int (kexec_verify_sig_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len); #endif struct kexec_file_ops { kexec_probe_t *probe; kexec_load_t *load; kexec_cleanup_t *cleanup; #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG kexec_verify_sig_t *verify_sig; #endif }; extern const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[]; int kexec_image_probe_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); int kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(struct kimage *image); /* * If kexec_buf.mem is set to this value, kexec_locate_mem_hole() * will try to allocate free memory. Arch may overwrite it. */ #ifndef KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN #define KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN 0 #endif /** * struct kexec_buf - parameters for finding a place for a buffer in memory * @image: kexec image in which memory to search. * @buffer: Contents which will be copied to the allocated memory. * @bufsz: Size of @buffer. * @mem: On return will have address of the buffer in memory. * @memsz: Size for the buffer in memory. * @buf_align: Minimum alignment needed. * @buf_min: The buffer can't be placed below this address. * @buf_max: The buffer can't be placed above this address. * @top_down: Allocate from top of memory. */ struct kexec_buf { struct kimage *image; void *buffer; unsigned long bufsz; unsigned long mem; unsigned long memsz; unsigned long buf_align; unsigned long buf_min; unsigned long buf_max; bool top_down; }; int kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(struct kimage *image, const char *name, void *buf, unsigned int size, bool get_value); void *kexec_purgatory_get_symbol_addr(struct kimage *image, const char *name); /* Architectures may override the below functions */ int arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); void *arch_kexec_kernel_image_load(struct kimage *image); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG int arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); #endif int arch_kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); extern int kexec_add_buffer(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); /* Alignment required for elf header segment */ #define ELF_CORE_HEADER_ALIGN 4096 struct crash_mem_range { u64 start, end; }; struct crash_mem { unsigned int max_nr_ranges; unsigned int nr_ranges; struct crash_mem_range ranges[]; }; extern int crash_exclude_mem_range(struct crash_mem *mem, unsigned long long mstart, unsigned long long mend); extern int crash_prepare_elf64_headers(struct crash_mem *mem, int kernel_map, void **addr, unsigned long *sz); #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_ELF struct kexec_elf_info { /* * Where the ELF binary contents are kept. * Memory managed by the user of the struct. */ const char *buffer; const struct elfhdr *ehdr; const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs; }; int kexec_build_elf_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_load(struct kimage *image, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info, struct kexec_buf *kbuf, unsigned long *lowest_load_addr); void kexec_free_elf_info(struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len); #endif struct kimage { kimage_entry_t head; kimage_entry_t *entry; kimage_entry_t *last_entry; unsigned long start; struct page *control_code_page; struct page *swap_page; void *vmcoreinfo_data_copy; /* locates in the crash memory */ unsigned long nr_segments; struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX]; struct list_head control_pages; struct list_head dest_pages; struct list_head unusable_pages; /* Address of next control page to allocate for crash kernels. */ unsigned long control_page; /* Flags to indicate special processing */ unsigned int type : 1; #define KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT 0 #define KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH 1 unsigned int preserve_context : 1; /* If set, we are using file mode kexec syscall */ unsigned int file_mode:1; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH struct kimage_arch arch; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE /* Additional fields for file based kexec syscall */ void *kernel_buf; unsigned long kernel_buf_len; void *initrd_buf; unsigned long initrd_buf_len; char *cmdline_buf; unsigned long cmdline_buf_len; /* File operations provided by image loader */ const struct kexec_file_ops *fops; /* Image loader handling the kernel can store a pointer here */ void *image_loader_data; /* Information for loading purgatory */ struct purgatory_info purgatory_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IMA_KEXEC /* Virtual address of IMA measurement buffer for kexec syscall */ void *ima_buffer; #endif }; /* kexec interface functions */ extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image); extern int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image); extern void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image); extern int kernel_kexec(void); extern struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image, unsigned int order); extern void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); extern void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *); int kexec_crash_loaded(void); void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu); extern int kimage_crash_copy_vmcoreinfo(struct kimage *image); extern struct kimage *kexec_image; extern struct kimage *kexec_crash_image; extern int kexec_load_disabled; #ifndef kexec_flush_icache_page #define kexec_flush_icache_page(page) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec flags */ #ifndef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP #define KEXEC_FLAGS KEXEC_ON_CRASH #else #define KEXEC_FLAGS (KEXEC_ON_CRASH | KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec file flags */ #define KEXEC_FILE_FLAGS (KEXEC_FILE_UNLOAD | KEXEC_FILE_ON_CRASH | \ KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS) /* Location of a reserved region to hold the crash kernel. */ extern struct resource crashk_res; extern struct resource crashk_low_res; extern note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes; /* flag to track if kexec reboot is in progress */ extern bool kexec_in_progress; int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size); size_t crash_get_memory_size(void); void crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); void arch_kexec_protect_crashkres(void); void arch_kexec_unprotect_crashkres(void); #ifndef page_to_boot_pfn static inline unsigned long page_to_boot_pfn(struct page *page) { return page_to_pfn(page); } #endif #ifndef boot_pfn_to_page static inline struct page *boot_pfn_to_page(unsigned long boot_pfn) { return pfn_to_page(boot_pfn); } #endif #ifndef phys_to_boot_phys static inline unsigned long phys_to_boot_phys(phys_addr_t phys) { return phys; } #endif #ifndef boot_phys_to_phys static inline phys_addr_t boot_phys_to_phys(unsigned long boot_phys) { return boot_phys; } #endif static inline unsigned long virt_to_boot_phys(void *addr) { return phys_to_boot_phys(__pa((unsigned long)addr)); } static inline void *boot_phys_to_virt(unsigned long entry) { return phys_to_virt(boot_phys_to_phys(entry)); } #ifndef arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages static inline int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_kexec_pre_free_pages static inline void arch_kexec_pre_free_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages) { } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ struct pt_regs; struct task_struct; static inline void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline int kexec_crash_loaded(void) { return 0; } #define kexec_in_progress false #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ #endif /* !defined(__ASSEBMLY__) */ #endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * The proc filesystem constants/structures */ #ifndef _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #define _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> struct proc_dir_entry; struct seq_file; struct seq_operations; enum { /* * All /proc entries using this ->proc_ops instance are never removed. * * If in doubt, ignore this flag. */ #ifdef MODULE PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 0U, #else PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 1U << 0, #endif }; struct proc_ops { unsigned int proc_flags; int (*proc_open)(struct inode *, struct file *); ssize_t (*proc_read)(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*proc_read_iter)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*proc_write)(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); loff_t (*proc_lseek)(struct file *, loff_t, int); int (*proc_release)(struct inode *, struct file *); __poll_t (*proc_poll)(struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*proc_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT long (*proc_compat_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #endif int (*proc_mmap)(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long (*proc_get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); } __randomize_layout; /* definitions for hide_pid field */ enum proc_hidepid { HIDEPID_OFF = 0, HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS = 1, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE = 2, HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE = 4, /* Limit pids to only ptraceable pids */ }; /* definitions for proc mount option pidonly */ enum proc_pidonly { PROC_PIDONLY_OFF = 0, PROC_PIDONLY_ON = 1, }; struct proc_fs_info { struct pid_namespace *pid_ns; struct dentry *proc_self; /* For /proc/self */ struct dentry *proc_thread_self; /* For /proc/thread-self */ kgid_t pid_gid; enum proc_hidepid hide_pid; enum proc_pidonly pidonly; }; static inline struct proc_fs_info *proc_sb_info(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS typedef int (*proc_write_t)(struct file *, char *, size_t); extern void proc_root_init(void); extern void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *, const char *); struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *, bool); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_seq_private(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, data) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_single_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) \ proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, NULL) extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, const struct proc_ops *, void *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct proc_ops *proc_ops); extern void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *, loff_t); extern void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *, kuid_t, kgid_t); extern void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *); extern void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *); extern void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *); extern void remove_proc_entry(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern int remove_proc_subtree(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size) \ proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, proc_write_t write, unsigned int state_size, void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), proc_write_t write, void *data); extern struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file); struct bpf_iter_aux_info; extern int bpf_iter_init_seq_net(void *priv_data, struct bpf_iter_aux_info *aux); extern void bpf_iter_fini_seq_net(void *priv_data); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS /* * The architecture which selects CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS must * provide proc_pid_arch_status() definition. */ int proc_pid_arch_status(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS */ #else /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ static inline void proc_root_init(void) { } static inline void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *pid) { } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent,const char *dest) { return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) {return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data, bool force_lookup) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return NULL; } #define proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create(name, mode, parent, proc_ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_data(name, mode, parent, proc_ops, data) ({NULL;}) static inline void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *de, loff_t size) {} static inline void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *de, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid) {} static inline void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *inode) {BUG(); return NULL;} static inline void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *inode) { BUG(); return NULL; } static inline void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *de) {} #define remove_proc_entry(name, parent) do {} while (0) static inline int remove_proc_subtree(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return 0; } #define proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, state_size, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net_single(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) static inline struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file) { return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ struct net; static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_mkdir( struct net *net, const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return _proc_mkdir(name, 0, parent, net, true); } struct ns_common; int open_related_ns(struct ns_common *ns, struct ns_common *(*get_ns)(struct ns_common *ns)); /* get the associated pid namespace for a file in procfs */ static inline struct pid_namespace *proc_pid_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return proc_sb_info(sb)->pid_ns; } bool proc_ns_file(const struct file *file); #endif /* _LINUX_PROC_FS_H */
8 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_JUMP_LABEL_H #define _ASM_X86_JUMP_LABEL_H #define HAVE_JUMP_LABEL_BATCH #define JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 # define STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP P6_NOP5_ATOMIC #else # define STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP GENERIC_NOP5_ATOMIC #endif #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/nops.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/types.h> static __always_inline bool arch_static_branch(struct static_key *key, bool branch) { asm_volatile_goto("1:" ".byte " __stringify(STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP) "\n\t" ".pushsection __jump_table, \"aw\" \n\t" _ASM_ALIGN "\n\t" ".long 1b - ., %l[l_yes] - . \n\t" _ASM_PTR "%c0 + %c1 - .\n\t" ".popsection \n\t" : : "i" (key), "i" (branch) : : l_yes); return false; l_yes: return true; } static __always_inline bool arch_static_branch_jump(struct static_key *key, bool branch) { asm_volatile_goto("1:" ".byte 0xe9\n\t .long %l[l_yes] - 2f\n\t" "2:\n\t" ".pushsection __jump_table, \"aw\" \n\t" _ASM_ALIGN "\n\t" ".long 1b - ., %l[l_yes] - . \n\t" _ASM_PTR "%c0 + %c1 - .\n\t" ".popsection \n\t" : : "i" (key), "i" (branch) : : l_yes); return false; l_yes: return true; } #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ .macro STATIC_JUMP_IF_TRUE target, key, def .Lstatic_jump_\@: .if \def /* Equivalent to "jmp.d32 \target" */ .byte 0xe9 .long \target - .Lstatic_jump_after_\@ .Lstatic_jump_after_\@: .else .byte STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP .endif .pushsection __jump_table, "aw" _ASM_ALIGN .long .Lstatic_jump_\@ - ., \target - . _ASM_PTR \key - . .popsection .endm .macro STATIC_JUMP_IF_FALSE target, key, def .Lstatic_jump_\@: .if \def .byte STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP .else /* Equivalent to "jmp.d32 \target" */ .byte 0xe9 .long \target - .Lstatic_jump_after_\@ .Lstatic_jump_after_\@: .endif .pushsection __jump_table, "aw" _ASM_ALIGN .long .Lstatic_jump_\@ - ., \target - . _ASM_PTR \key + 1 - . .popsection .endm #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
5 2 5 2 2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 2014 Davidlohr Bueso. */ #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> /* * Hash based on the pmd of addr if configured with MMU, which provides a good * hit rate for workloads with spatial locality. Otherwise, use pages. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define VMACACHE_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #else #define VMACACHE_SHIFT PAGE_SHIFT #endif #define VMACACHE_HASH(addr) ((addr >> VMACACHE_SHIFT) & VMACACHE_MASK) /* * This task may be accessing a foreign mm via (for example) * get_user_pages()->find_vma(). The vmacache is task-local and this * task's vmacache pertains to a different mm (ie, its own). There is * nothing we can do here. * * Also handle the case where a kernel thread has adopted this mm via * kthread_use_mm(). That kernel thread's vmacache is not applicable to this mm. */ static inline bool vmacache_valid_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return current->mm == mm && !(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD); } void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma) { if (vmacache_valid_mm(newvma->vm_mm)) current->vmacache.vmas[VMACACHE_HASH(addr)] = newvma; } static bool vmacache_valid(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct task_struct *curr; if (!vmacache_valid_mm(mm)) return false; curr = current; if (mm->vmacache_seqnum != curr->vmacache.seqnum) { /* * First attempt will always be invalid, initialize * the new cache for this task here. */ curr->vmacache.seqnum = mm->vmacache_seqnum; vmacache_flush(curr); return false; } return true; } struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { int idx = VMACACHE_HASH(addr); int i; count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_CALLS); if (!vmacache_valid(mm)) return NULL; for (i = 0; i < VMACACHE_SIZE; i++) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = current->vmacache.vmas[idx]; if (vma) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_VMACACHE if (WARN_ON_ONCE(vma->vm_mm != mm)) break; #endif if (vma->vm_start <= addr && vma->vm_end > addr) { count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_HITS); return vma; } } if (++idx == VMACACHE_SIZE) idx = 0; } return NULL; } #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { int idx = VMACACHE_HASH(start); int i; count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_CALLS); if (!vmacache_valid(mm)) return NULL; for (i = 0; i < VMACACHE_SIZE; i++) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = current->vmacache.vmas[idx]; if (vma && vma->vm_start == start && vma->vm_end == end) { count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_HITS); return vma; } if (++idx == VMACACHE_SIZE) idx = 0; } return NULL; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM sock #if !defined(_TRACE_SOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SOCK_H #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #define family_names \ EM(AF_INET) \ EMe(AF_INET6) /* The protocol traced by inet_sock_set_state */ #define inet_protocol_names \ EM(IPPROTO_TCP) \ EM(IPPROTO_DCCP) \ EM(IPPROTO_SCTP) \ EMe(IPPROTO_MPTCP) #define tcp_state_names \ EM(TCP_ESTABLISHED) \ EM(TCP_SYN_SENT) \ EM(TCP_SYN_RECV) \ EM(TCP_FIN_WAIT1) \ EM(TCP_FIN_WAIT2) \ EM(TCP_TIME_WAIT) \ EM(TCP_CLOSE) \ EM(TCP_CLOSE_WAIT) \ EM(TCP_LAST_ACK) \ EM(TCP_LISTEN) \ EM(TCP_CLOSING) \ EMe(TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV) #define skmem_kind_names \ EM(SK_MEM_SEND) \ EMe(SK_MEM_RECV) /* enums need to be exported to user space */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); family_names inet_protocol_names tcp_state_names skmem_kind_names #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a) { a, #a }, #define EMe(a) { a, #a } #define show_family_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, family_names) #define show_inet_protocol_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, inet_protocol_names) #define show_tcp_state_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, tcp_state_names) #define show_skmem_kind_names(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, skmem_kind_names) TRACE_EVENT(sock_rcvqueue_full, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, rmem_alloc) __field(unsigned int, truesize) __field(int, sk_rcvbuf) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->rmem_alloc = atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc); __entry->truesize = skb->truesize; __entry->sk_rcvbuf = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf); ), TP_printk("rmem_alloc=%d truesize=%u sk_rcvbuf=%d", __entry->rmem_alloc, __entry->truesize, __entry->sk_rcvbuf) ); TRACE_EVENT(sock_exceed_buf_limit, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct proto *prot, long allocated, int kind), TP_ARGS(sk, prot, allocated, kind), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long *, sysctl_mem) __field(long, allocated) __field(int, sysctl_rmem) __field(int, rmem_alloc) __field(int, sysctl_wmem) __field(int, wmem_alloc) __field(int, wmem_queued) __field(int, kind) ), TP_fast_assign( strncpy(__entry->name, prot->name, 32); __entry->sysctl_mem = prot->sysctl_mem; __entry->allocated = allocated; __entry->sysctl_rmem = sk_get_rmem0(sk, prot); __entry->rmem_alloc = atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc); __entry->sysctl_wmem = sk_get_wmem0(sk, prot); __entry->wmem_alloc = refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc); __entry->wmem_queued = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_wmem_queued); __entry->kind = kind; ), TP_printk("proto:%s sysctl_mem=%ld,%ld,%ld allocated=%ld sysctl_rmem=%d rmem_alloc=%d sysctl_wmem=%d wmem_alloc=%d wmem_queued=%d kind=%s", __entry->name, __entry->sysctl_mem[0], __entry->sysctl_mem[1], __entry->sysctl_mem[2], __entry->allocated, __entry->sysctl_rmem, __entry->rmem_alloc, __entry->sysctl_wmem, __entry->wmem_alloc, __entry->wmem_queued, show_skmem_kind_names(__entry->kind) ) ); TRACE_EVENT(inet_sock_set_state, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const int oldstate, const int newstate), TP_ARGS(sk, oldstate, newstate), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(int, oldstate) __field(int, newstate) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __field(__u16, family) __field(__u16, protocol) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->oldstate = oldstate; __entry->newstate = newstate; __entry->family = sk->sk_family; __entry->protocol = sk->sk_protocol; __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = inet->inet_saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = inet->inet_daddr; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; *pin6 = sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr; pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; *pin6 = sk->sk_v6_daddr; } else #endif { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(inet->inet_saddr, pin6); pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(inet->inet_daddr, pin6); } ), TP_printk("family=%s protocol=%s sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c oldstate=%s newstate=%s", show_family_name(__entry->family), show_inet_protocol_name(__entry->protocol), __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6, show_tcp_state_name(__entry->oldstate), show_tcp_state_name(__entry->newstate)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _BLOCK_BLK_PM_H_ #define _BLOCK_BLK_PM_H_ #include <linux/pm_runtime.h> #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline int blk_pm_resume_queue(const bool pm, struct request_queue *q) { if (!q->dev || !blk_queue_pm_only(q)) return 1; /* Nothing to do */ if (pm && q->rpm_status != RPM_SUSPENDED) return 1; /* Request allowed */ pm_request_resume(q->dev); return 0; } static inline void blk_pm_mark_last_busy(struct request *rq) { if (rq->q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(rq->q->dev); } static inline void blk_pm_requeue_request(struct request *rq) { lockdep_assert_held(&rq->q->queue_lock); if (rq->q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) rq->q->nr_pending--; } static inline void blk_pm_add_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->queue_lock); if (q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) q->nr_pending++; } static inline void blk_pm_put_request(struct request *rq) { lockdep_assert_held(&rq->q->queue_lock); if (rq->q->dev && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_PM)) --rq->q->nr_pending; } #else static inline int blk_pm_resume_queue(const bool pm, struct request_queue *q) { return 1; } static inline void blk_pm_mark_last_busy(struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_pm_requeue_request(struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_pm_add_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_pm_put_request(struct request *rq) { } #endif #endif /* _BLOCK_BLK_PM_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* audit.h -- Auditing support * * Copyright 2003-2004 Red Hat Inc., Durham, North Carolina. * All Rights Reserved. * * Written by Rickard E. (Rik) Faith <faith@redhat.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_AUDIT_H_ #define _LINUX_AUDIT_H_ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <uapi/linux/audit.h> #include <uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h> #define AUDIT_INO_UNSET ((unsigned long)-1) #define AUDIT_DEV_UNSET ((dev_t)-1) struct audit_sig_info { uid_t uid; pid_t pid; char ctx[]; }; struct audit_buffer; struct audit_context; struct inode; struct netlink_skb_parms; struct path; struct linux_binprm; struct mq_attr; struct mqstat; struct audit_watch; struct audit_tree; struct sk_buff; struct audit_krule { u32 pflags; u32 flags; u32 listnr; u32 action; u32 mask[AUDIT_BITMASK_SIZE]; u32 buflen; /* for data alloc on list rules */ u32 field_count; char *filterkey; /* ties events to rules */ struct audit_field *fields; struct audit_field *arch_f; /* quick access to arch field */ struct audit_field *inode_f; /* quick access to an inode field */ struct audit_watch *watch; /* associated watch */ struct audit_tree *tree; /* associated watched tree */ struct audit_fsnotify_mark *exe; struct list_head rlist; /* entry in audit_{watch,tree}.rules list */ struct list_head list; /* for AUDIT_LIST* purposes only */ u64 prio; }; /* Flag to indicate legacy AUDIT_LOGINUID unset usage */ #define AUDIT_LOGINUID_LEGACY 0x1 struct audit_field { u32 type; union { u32 val; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; struct { char *lsm_str; void *lsm_rule; }; }; u32 op; }; enum audit_ntp_type { AUDIT_NTP_OFFSET, AUDIT_NTP_FREQ, AUDIT_NTP_STATUS, AUDIT_NTP_TAI, AUDIT_NTP_TICK, AUDIT_NTP_ADJUST, AUDIT_NTP_NVALS /* count */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_ntp_val { long long oldval, newval; }; struct audit_ntp_data { struct audit_ntp_val vals[AUDIT_NTP_NVALS]; }; #else struct audit_ntp_data {}; #endif enum audit_nfcfgop { AUDIT_XT_OP_REGISTER, AUDIT_XT_OP_REPLACE, AUDIT_XT_OP_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_GEN_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_RESET, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID, }; extern int is_audit_feature_set(int which); extern int __init audit_register_class(int class, unsigned *list); extern int audit_classify_syscall(int abi, unsigned syscall); extern int audit_classify_arch(int arch); /* only for compat system calls */ extern unsigned compat_write_class[]; extern unsigned compat_read_class[]; extern unsigned compat_dir_class[]; extern unsigned compat_chattr_class[]; extern unsigned compat_signal_class[]; extern int audit_classify_compat_syscall(int abi, unsigned syscall); /* audit_names->type values */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_UNKNOWN 0 /* we don't know yet */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_NORMAL 1 /* a "normal" audit record */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_PARENT 2 /* a parent audit record */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_DELETE 3 /* a child being deleted */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE 4 /* a child being created */ /* maximized args number that audit_socketcall can process */ #define AUDITSC_ARGS 6 /* bit values for ->signal->audit_tty */ #define AUDIT_TTY_ENABLE BIT(0) #define AUDIT_TTY_LOG_PASSWD BIT(1) struct filename; #define AUDIT_OFF 0 #define AUDIT_ON 1 #define AUDIT_LOCKED 2 #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT /* These are defined in audit.c */ /* Public API */ extern __printf(4, 5) void audit_log(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type, const char *fmt, ...); extern struct audit_buffer *audit_log_start(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type); extern __printf(2, 3) void audit_log_format(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *fmt, ...); extern void audit_log_end(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern bool audit_string_contains_control(const char *string, size_t len); extern void audit_log_n_hex(struct audit_buffer *ab, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len); extern void audit_log_n_string(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *buf, size_t n); extern void audit_log_n_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string, size_t n); extern void audit_log_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string); extern void audit_log_d_path(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *prefix, const struct path *path); extern void audit_log_key(struct audit_buffer *ab, char *key); extern void audit_log_path_denied(int type, const char *operation); extern void audit_log_lost(const char *message); extern int audit_log_task_context(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern void audit_log_task_info(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern int audit_update_lsm_rules(void); /* Private API (for audit.c only) */ extern int audit_rule_change(int type, int seq, void *data, size_t datasz); extern int audit_list_rules_send(struct sk_buff *request_skb, int seq); extern int audit_set_loginuid(kuid_t loginuid); static inline kuid_t audit_get_loginuid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->loginuid; } static inline unsigned int audit_get_sessionid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->sessionid; } extern u32 audit_enabled; extern int audit_signal_info(int sig, struct task_struct *t); #else /* CONFIG_AUDIT */ static inline __printf(4, 5) void audit_log(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline struct audit_buffer *audit_log_start(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type) { return NULL; } static inline __printf(2, 3) void audit_log_format(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void audit_log_end(struct audit_buffer *ab) { } static inline void audit_log_n_hex(struct audit_buffer *ab, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len) { } static inline void audit_log_n_string(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *buf, size_t n) { } static inline void audit_log_n_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string, size_t n) { } static inline void audit_log_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string) { } static inline void audit_log_d_path(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *prefix, const struct path *path) { } static inline void audit_log_key(struct audit_buffer *ab, char *key) { } static inline void audit_log_path_denied(int type, const char *operation) { } static inline int audit_log_task_context(struct audit_buffer *ab) { return 0; } static inline void audit_log_task_info(struct audit_buffer *ab) { } static inline kuid_t audit_get_loginuid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return INVALID_UID; } static inline unsigned int audit_get_sessionid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return AUDIT_SID_UNSET; } #define audit_enabled AUDIT_OFF static inline int audit_signal_info(int sig, struct task_struct *t) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_AUDIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT_COMPAT_GENERIC #define audit_is_compat(arch) (!((arch) & __AUDIT_ARCH_64BIT)) #else #define audit_is_compat(arch) false #endif #define AUDIT_INODE_PARENT 1 /* dentry represents the parent */ #define AUDIT_INODE_HIDDEN 2 /* audit record should be hidden */ #define AUDIT_INODE_NOEVAL 4 /* audit record incomplete */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL #include <asm/syscall.h> /* for syscall_get_arch() */ /* These are defined in auditsc.c */ /* Public API */ extern int audit_alloc(struct task_struct *task); extern void __audit_free(struct task_struct *task); extern void __audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3); extern void __audit_syscall_exit(int ret_success, long ret_value); extern struct filename *__audit_reusename(const __user char *uptr); extern void __audit_getname(struct filename *name); extern void __audit_getcwd(void); extern void __audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags); extern void __audit_file(const struct file *); extern void __audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type); extern void audit_seccomp(unsigned long syscall, long signr, int code); extern void audit_seccomp_actions_logged(const char *names, const char *old_names, int res); extern void __audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t); static inline void audit_set_context(struct task_struct *task, struct audit_context *ctx) { task->audit_context = ctx; } static inline struct audit_context *audit_context(void) { return current->audit_context; } static inline bool audit_dummy_context(void) { void *p = audit_context(); return !p || *(int *)p; } static inline void audit_free(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task->audit_context)) __audit_free(task); } static inline void audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) __audit_syscall_entry(major, a0, a1, a2, a3); } static inline void audit_syscall_exit(void *pt_regs) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) { int success = is_syscall_success(pt_regs); long return_code = regs_return_value(pt_regs); __audit_syscall_exit(success, return_code); } } static inline struct filename *audit_reusename(const __user char *name) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_reusename(name); return NULL; } static inline void audit_getname(struct filename *name) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_getname(name); } static inline void audit_getcwd(void) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) __audit_getcwd(); } static inline void audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int aflags) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode(name, dentry, aflags); } static inline void audit_file(struct file *file) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_file(file); } static inline void audit_inode_parent_hidden(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode(name, dentry, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT | AUDIT_INODE_HIDDEN); } static inline void audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode_child(parent, dentry, type); } void audit_core_dumps(long signr); static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ptrace(t); } /* Private API (for audit.c only) */ extern void __audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp); extern void __audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode); extern void __audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm); extern int __audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args); extern int __audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr); extern void __audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2); extern void __audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr); extern void __audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout); extern void __audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification); extern void __audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat); extern int __audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old); extern void __audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old); extern void __audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags); extern void __audit_log_kern_module(char *name); extern void __audit_fanotify(unsigned int response); extern void __audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset); extern void __audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad); extern void __audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp); static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ipc_obj(ipcp); } static inline void audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_fd_pair(fd1, fd2); } static inline void audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ipc_set_perm(qbytes, uid, gid, mode); } static inline void audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_bprm(bprm); } static inline int audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_socketcall(nargs, args); return 0; } static inline int audit_socketcall_compat(int nargs, u32 *args) { unsigned long a[AUDITSC_ARGS]; int i; if (audit_dummy_context()) return 0; for (i = 0; i < nargs; i++) a[i] = (unsigned long)args[i]; return __audit_socketcall(nargs, a); } static inline int audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_sockaddr(len, addr); return 0; } static inline void audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_open(oflag, mode, attr); } static inline void audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_sendrecv(mqdes, msg_len, msg_prio, abs_timeout); } static inline void audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_notify(mqdes, notification); } static inline void audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_getsetattr(mqdes, mqstat); } static inline int audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, new, old); return 0; } static inline void audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_log_capset(new, old); } static inline void audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mmap_fd(fd, flags); } static inline void audit_log_kern_module(char *name) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_log_kern_module(name); } static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_fanotify(response); } static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset) { /* ignore no-op events */ if (offset.tv_sec == 0 && offset.tv_nsec == 0) return; if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_tk_injoffset(offset); } static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { memset(ad, 0, sizeof(*ad)); } static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { ad->vals[type].oldval = val; } static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { ad->vals[type].newval = val; } static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_ntp_log(ad); } static inline void audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp) { if (audit_enabled) __audit_log_nfcfg(name, af, nentries, op, gfp); } extern int audit_n_rules; extern int audit_signals; #else /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline int audit_alloc(struct task_struct *task) { return 0; } static inline void audit_free(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3) { } static inline void audit_syscall_exit(void *pt_regs) { } static inline bool audit_dummy_context(void) { return true; } static inline void audit_set_context(struct task_struct *task, struct audit_context *ctx) { } static inline struct audit_context *audit_context(void) { return NULL; } static inline struct filename *audit_reusename(const __user char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void audit_getname(struct filename *name) { } static inline void audit_getcwd(void) { } static inline void audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int aflags) { } static inline void audit_file(struct file *file) { } static inline void audit_inode_parent_hidden(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry) { } static inline void audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type) { } static inline void audit_core_dumps(long signr) { } static inline void audit_seccomp(unsigned long syscall, long signr, int code) { } static inline void audit_seccomp_actions_logged(const char *names, const char *old_names, int res) { } static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { } static inline void audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode) { } static inline void audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { } static inline int audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args) { return 0; } static inline int audit_socketcall_compat(int nargs, u32 *args) { return 0; } static inline void audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2) { } static inline int audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr) { return 0; } static inline void audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr) { } static inline void audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout) { } static inline void audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification) { } static inline void audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat) { } static inline int audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return 0; } static inline void audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { } static inline void audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags) { } static inline void audit_log_kern_module(char *name) { } static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response) { } static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset) { } static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { } static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { } static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { } static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { } static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp) { } #define audit_n_rules 0 #define audit_signals 0 #endif /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline bool audit_loginuid_set(struct task_struct *tsk) { return uid_valid(audit_get_loginuid(tsk)); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #define _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/timex.h> #include <vdso/jiffies.h> #include <asm/param.h> /* for HZ */ #include <generated/timeconst.h> /* * The following defines establish the engineering parameters of the PLL * model. The HZ variable establishes the timer interrupt frequency, 100 Hz * for the SunOS kernel, 256 Hz for the Ultrix kernel and 1024 Hz for the * OSF/1 kernel. The SHIFT_HZ define expresses the same value as the * nearest power of two in order to avoid hardware multiply operations. */ #if HZ >= 12 && HZ < 24 # define SHIFT_HZ 4 #elif HZ >= 24 && HZ < 48 # define SHIFT_HZ 5 #elif HZ >= 48 && HZ < 96 # define SHIFT_HZ 6 #elif HZ >= 96 && HZ < 192 # define SHIFT_HZ 7 #elif HZ >= 192 && HZ < 384 # define SHIFT_HZ 8 #elif HZ >= 384 && HZ < 768 # define SHIFT_HZ 9 #elif HZ >= 768 && HZ < 1536 # define SHIFT_HZ 10 #elif HZ >= 1536 && HZ < 3072 # define SHIFT_HZ 11 #elif HZ >= 3072 && HZ < 6144 # define SHIFT_HZ 12 #elif HZ >= 6144 && HZ < 12288 # define SHIFT_HZ 13 #else # error Invalid value of HZ. #endif /* Suppose we want to divide two numbers NOM and DEN: NOM/DEN, then we can * improve accuracy by shifting LSH bits, hence calculating: * (NOM << LSH) / DEN * This however means trouble for large NOM, because (NOM << LSH) may no * longer fit in 32 bits. The following way of calculating this gives us * some slack, under the following conditions: * - (NOM / DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. * - (NOM % DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. */ #define SH_DIV(NOM,DEN,LSH) ( (((NOM) / (DEN)) << (LSH)) \ + ((((NOM) % (DEN)) << (LSH)) + (DEN) / 2) / (DEN)) /* LATCH is used in the interval timer and ftape setup. */ #define LATCH ((CLOCK_TICK_RATE + HZ/2) / HZ) /* For divider */ extern int register_refined_jiffies(long clock_tick_rate); /* TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming SHIFTED_HZ */ #define TICK_USEC ((USEC_PER_SEC + HZ/2) / HZ) /* USER_TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming fake USER_HZ */ #define USER_TICK_USEC ((1000000UL + USER_HZ/2) / USER_HZ) #ifndef __jiffy_arch_data #define __jiffy_arch_data #endif /* * The 64-bit value is not atomic - you MUST NOT read it * without sampling the sequence number in jiffies_lock. * get_jiffies_64() will do this for you as appropriate. */ extern u64 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp jiffies_64; extern unsigned long volatile __cacheline_aligned_in_smp __jiffy_arch_data jiffies; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) u64 get_jiffies_64(void); #else static inline u64 get_jiffies_64(void) { return (u64)jiffies; } #endif /* * These inlines deal with timer wrapping correctly. You are * strongly encouraged to use them * 1. Because people otherwise forget * 2. Because if the timer wrap changes in future you won't have to * alter your driver code. * * time_after(a,b) returns true if the time a is after time b. * * Do this with "<0" and ">=0" to only test the sign of the result. A * good compiler would generate better code (and a really good compiler * wouldn't care). Gcc is currently neither. */ #define time_after(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before(a,b) time_after(b,a) #define time_after_eq(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq(a,b) time_after_eq(b,a) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c]. */ #define time_in_range(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before_eq(a,c)) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c). */ #define time_in_range_open(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before(a,c)) /* Same as above, but does so with platform independent 64bit types. * These must be used when utilizing jiffies_64 (i.e. return value of * get_jiffies_64() */ #define time_after64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before64(a,b) time_after64(b,a) #define time_after_eq64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq64(a,b) time_after_eq64(b,a) #define time_in_range64(a, b, c) \ (time_after_eq64(a, b) && \ time_before_eq64(a, c)) /* * These four macros compare jiffies and 'a' for convenience. */ /* time_is_before_jiffies(a) return true if a is before jiffies */ #define time_is_before_jiffies(a) time_after(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_jiffies64(a) time_after64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_jiffies(a) return true if a is after jiffies */ #define time_is_after_jiffies(a) time_before(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_jiffies64(a) time_before64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is before or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) time_after_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies64(a) time_after_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is after or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) time_before_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies64(a) time_before_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* * Have the 32 bit jiffies value wrap 5 minutes after boot * so jiffies wrap bugs show up earlier. */ #define INITIAL_JIFFIES ((unsigned long)(unsigned int) (-300*HZ)) /* * Change timeval to jiffies, trying to avoid the * most obvious overflows.. * * And some not so obvious. * * Note that we don't want to return LONG_MAX, because * for various timeout reasons we often end up having * to wait "jiffies+1" in order to guarantee that we wait * at _least_ "jiffies" - so "jiffies+1" had better still * be positive. */ #define MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET ((LONG_MAX >> 1)-1) extern unsigned long preset_lpj; /* * We want to do realistic conversions of time so we need to use the same * values the update wall clock code uses as the jiffies size. This value * is: TICK_NSEC (which is defined in timex.h). This * is a constant and is in nanoseconds. We will use scaled math * with a set of scales defined here as SEC_JIFFIE_SC, USEC_JIFFIE_SC and * NSEC_JIFFIE_SC. Note that these defines contain nothing but * constants and so are computed at compile time. SHIFT_HZ (computed in * timex.h) adjusts the scaling for different HZ values. * Scaled math??? What is that? * * Scaled math is a way to do integer math on values that would, * otherwise, either overflow, underflow, or cause undesired div * instructions to appear in the execution path. In short, we "scale" * up the operands so they take more bits (more precision, less * underflow), do the desired operation and then "scale" the result back * by the same amount. If we do the scaling by shifting we avoid the * costly mpy and the dastardly div instructions. * Suppose, for example, we want to convert from seconds to jiffies * where jiffies is defined in nanoseconds as NSEC_PER_JIFFIE. The * simple math is: jiff = (sec * NSEC_PER_SEC) / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE; We * observe that (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE) is a constant which we * might calculate at compile time, however, the result will only have * about 3-4 bits of precision (less for smaller values of HZ). * * So, we scale as follows: * jiff = (sec) * (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE); * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC * SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) / SCALE; * Then we make SCALE a power of two so: * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) >> SCALE; * Now we define: * #define SEC_CONV = ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) * jiff = (sec * SEC_CONV) >> SCALE; * * Often the math we use will expand beyond 32-bits so we tell C how to * do this and pass the 64-bit result of the mpy through the ">> SCALE" * which should take the result back to 32-bits. We want this expansion * to capture as much precision as possible. At the same time we don't * want to overflow so we pick the SCALE to avoid this. In this file, * that means using a different scale for each range of HZ values (as * defined in timex.h). * * For those who want to know, gcc will give a 64-bit result from a "*" * operator if the result is a long long AND at least one of the * operands is cast to long long (usually just prior to the "*" so as * not to confuse it into thinking it really has a 64-bit operand, * which, buy the way, it can do, but it takes more code and at least 2 * mpys). * We also need to be aware that one second in nanoseconds is only a * couple of bits away from overflowing a 32-bit word, so we MUST use * 64-bits to get the full range time in nanoseconds. */ /* * Here are the scales we will use. One for seconds, nanoseconds and * microseconds. * * Within the limits of cpp we do a rough cut at the SEC_JIFFIE_SC and * check if the sign bit is set. If not, we bump the shift count by 1. * (Gets an extra bit of precision where we can use it.) * We know it is set for HZ = 1024 and HZ = 100 not for 1000. * Haven't tested others. * Limits of cpp (for #if expressions) only long (no long long), but * then we only need the most signicant bit. */ #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (31 - SHIFT_HZ) #if !((((NSEC_PER_SEC << 2) / TICK_NSEC) << (SEC_JIFFIE_SC - 2)) & 0x80000000) #undef SEC_JIFFIE_SC #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (32 - SHIFT_HZ) #endif #define NSEC_JIFFIE_SC (SEC_JIFFIE_SC + 29) #define SEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << SEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) #define NSEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)1 << NSEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) /* * The maximum jiffie value is (MAX_INT >> 1). Here we translate that * into seconds. The 64-bit case will overflow if we are not careful, * so use the messy SH_DIV macro to do it. Still all constants. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (long)((u64)((u64)MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET * TICK_NSEC) / NSEC_PER_SEC) #else /* take care of overflow on 64 bits machines */ # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (SH_DIV((MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET >> SEC_JIFFIE_SC) * TICK_NSEC, NSEC_PER_SEC, 1) - 1) #endif /* * Convert various time units to each other: */ extern unsigned int jiffies_to_msecs(const unsigned long j); extern unsigned int jiffies_to_usecs(const unsigned long j); static inline u64 jiffies_to_nsecs(const unsigned long j) { return (u64)jiffies_to_usecs(j) * NSEC_PER_USEC; } extern u64 jiffies64_to_nsecs(u64 j); extern u64 jiffies64_to_msecs(u64 j); extern unsigned long __msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m); #if HZ <= MSEC_PER_SEC && !(MSEC_PER_SEC % HZ) /* * HZ is equal to or smaller than 1000, and 1000 is a nice round * multiple of HZ, divide with the factor between them, but round * upwards: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { return (m + (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #elif HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && !(HZ % MSEC_PER_SEC) /* * HZ is larger than 1000, and HZ is a nice round multiple of 1000 - * simply multiply with the factor between them. * * But first make sure the multiplication result cannot overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return m * (HZ / MSEC_PER_SEC); } #else /* * Generic case - multiply, round and divide. But first check that if * we are doing a net multiplication, that we wouldn't overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return (MSEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * m + MSEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> MSEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * msecs_to_jiffies: - convert milliseconds to jiffies * @m: time in milliseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - negative values mean 'infinite timeout' (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET) * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows. * for the details see __msecs_to_jiffies() * * msecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __msecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _msecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (__builtin_constant_p(m)) { if ((int)m < 0) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _msecs_to_jiffies(m); } else { return __msecs_to_jiffies(m); } } extern unsigned long __usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u); #if !(USEC_PER_SEC % HZ) static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (u + (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #else static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (USEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * u + USEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> USEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * usecs_to_jiffies: - convert microseconds to jiffies * @u: time in microseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows as for msecs_to_jiffies. * * usecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __usecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _usecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { if (__builtin_constant_p(u)) { if (u > jiffies_to_usecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _usecs_to_jiffies(u); } else { return __usecs_to_jiffies(u); } } extern unsigned long timespec64_to_jiffies(const struct timespec64 *value); extern void jiffies_to_timespec64(const unsigned long jiffies, struct timespec64 *value); extern clock_t jiffies_to_clock_t(unsigned long x); static inline clock_t jiffies_delta_to_clock_t(long delta) { return jiffies_to_clock_t(max(0L, delta)); } static inline unsigned int jiffies_delta_to_msecs(long delta) { return jiffies_to_msecs(max(0L, delta)); } extern unsigned long clock_t_to_jiffies(unsigned long x); extern u64 jiffies_64_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsec_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsecs_to_jiffies64(u64 n); extern unsigned long nsecs_to_jiffies(u64 n); #define TIMESTAMP_SIZE 30 #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_PREEMPT_H #define __LINUX_PREEMPT_H /* * include/linux/preempt.h - macros for accessing and manipulating * preempt_count (used for kernel preemption, interrupt count, etc.) */ #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/list.h> /* * We put the hardirq and softirq counter into the preemption * counter. The bitmask has the following meaning: * * - bits 0-7 are the preemption count (max preemption depth: 256) * - bits 8-15 are the softirq count (max # of softirqs: 256) * * The hardirq count could in theory be the same as the number of * interrupts in the system, but we run all interrupt handlers with * interrupts disabled, so we cannot have nesting interrupts. Though * there are a few palaeontologic drivers which reenable interrupts in * the handler, so we need more than one bit here. * * PREEMPT_MASK: 0x000000ff * SOFTIRQ_MASK: 0x0000ff00 * HARDIRQ_MASK: 0x000f0000 * NMI_MASK: 0x00f00000 * PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED: 0x80000000 */ #define PREEMPT_BITS 8 #define SOFTIRQ_BITS 8 #define HARDIRQ_BITS 4 #define NMI_BITS 4 #define PREEMPT_SHIFT 0 #define SOFTIRQ_SHIFT (PREEMPT_SHIFT + PREEMPT_BITS) #define HARDIRQ_SHIFT (SOFTIRQ_SHIFT + SOFTIRQ_BITS) #define NMI_SHIFT (HARDIRQ_SHIFT + HARDIRQ_BITS) #define __IRQ_MASK(x) ((1UL << (x))-1) #define PREEMPT_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(PREEMPT_BITS) << PREEMPT_SHIFT) #define SOFTIRQ_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(SOFTIRQ_BITS) << SOFTIRQ_SHIFT) #define HARDIRQ_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(HARDIRQ_BITS) << HARDIRQ_SHIFT) #define NMI_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(NMI_BITS) << NMI_SHIFT) #define PREEMPT_OFFSET (1UL << PREEMPT_SHIFT) #define SOFTIRQ_OFFSET (1UL << SOFTIRQ_SHIFT) #define HARDIRQ_OFFSET (1UL << HARDIRQ_SHIFT) #define NMI_OFFSET (1UL << NMI_SHIFT) #define SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET (2 * SOFTIRQ_OFFSET) #define PREEMPT_DISABLED (PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET + PREEMPT_ENABLED) /* * Disable preemption until the scheduler is running -- use an unconditional * value so that it also works on !PREEMPT_COUNT kernels. * * Reset by start_kernel()->sched_init()->init_idle()->init_idle_preempt_count(). */ #define INIT_PREEMPT_COUNT PREEMPT_OFFSET /* * Initial preempt_count value; reflects the preempt_count schedule invariant * which states that during context switches: * * preempt_count() == 2*PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET * * Note: PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET is 0 for !PREEMPT_COUNT kernels. * Note: See finish_task_switch(). */ #define FORK_PREEMPT_COUNT (2*PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET + PREEMPT_ENABLED) /* preempt_count() and related functions, depends on PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED */ #include <asm/preempt.h> #define hardirq_count() (preempt_count() & HARDIRQ_MASK) #define softirq_count() (preempt_count() & SOFTIRQ_MASK) #define irq_count() (preempt_count() & (HARDIRQ_MASK | SOFTIRQ_MASK \ | NMI_MASK)) /* * Are we doing bottom half or hardware interrupt processing? * * in_irq() - We're in (hard) IRQ context * in_softirq() - We have BH disabled, or are processing softirqs * in_interrupt() - We're in NMI,IRQ,SoftIRQ context or have BH disabled * in_serving_softirq() - We're in softirq context * in_nmi() - We're in NMI context * in_task() - We're in task context * * Note: due to the BH disabled confusion: in_softirq(),in_interrupt() really * should not be used in new code. */ #define in_irq() (hardirq_count()) #define in_softirq() (softirq_count()) #define in_interrupt() (irq_count()) #define in_serving_softirq() (softirq_count() & SOFTIRQ_OFFSET) #define in_nmi() (preempt_count() & NMI_MASK) #define in_task() (!(preempt_count() & \ (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK | SOFTIRQ_OFFSET))) /* * The preempt_count offset after preempt_disable(); */ #if defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT) # define PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET PREEMPT_OFFSET #else # define PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET 0 #endif /* * The preempt_count offset after spin_lock() */ #define PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET /* * The preempt_count offset needed for things like: * * spin_lock_bh() * * Which need to disable both preemption (CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT) and * softirqs, such that unlock sequences of: * * spin_unlock(); * local_bh_enable(); * * Work as expected. */ #define SOFTIRQ_LOCK_OFFSET (SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET + PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET) /* * Are we running in atomic context? WARNING: this macro cannot * always detect atomic context; in particular, it cannot know about * held spinlocks in non-preemptible kernels. Thus it should not be * used in the general case to determine whether sleeping is possible. * Do not use in_atomic() in driver code. */ #define in_atomic() (preempt_count() != 0) /* * Check whether we were atomic before we did preempt_disable(): * (used by the scheduler) */ #define in_atomic_preempt_off() (preempt_count() != PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET) #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT) || defined(CONFIG_TRACE_PREEMPT_TOGGLE) extern void preempt_count_add(int val); extern void preempt_count_sub(int val); #define preempt_count_dec_and_test() \ ({ preempt_count_sub(1); should_resched(0); }) #else #define preempt_count_add(val) __preempt_count_add(val) #define preempt_count_sub(val) __preempt_count_sub(val) #define preempt_count_dec_and_test() __preempt_count_dec_and_test() #endif #define __preempt_count_inc() __preempt_count_add(1) #define __preempt_count_dec() __preempt_count_sub(1) #define preempt_count_inc() preempt_count_add(1) #define preempt_count_dec() preempt_count_sub(1) #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT #define preempt_disable() \ do { \ preempt_count_inc(); \ barrier(); \ } while (0) #define sched_preempt_enable_no_resched() \ do { \ barrier(); \ preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_no_resched() sched_preempt_enable_no_resched() #define preemptible() (preempt_count() == 0 && !irqs_disabled()) #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION #define preempt_enable() \ do { \ barrier(); \ if (unlikely(preempt_count_dec_and_test())) \ __preempt_schedule(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_notrace() \ do { \ barrier(); \ if (unlikely(__preempt_count_dec_and_test())) \ __preempt_schedule_notrace(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_check_resched() \ do { \ if (should_resched(0)) \ __preempt_schedule(); \ } while (0) #else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPTION */ #define preempt_enable() \ do { \ barrier(); \ preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_notrace() \ do { \ barrier(); \ __preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_check_resched() do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPTION */ #define preempt_disable_notrace() \ do { \ __preempt_count_inc(); \ barrier(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_no_resched_notrace() \ do { \ barrier(); \ __preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT */ /* * Even if we don't have any preemption, we need preempt disable/enable * to be barriers, so that we don't have things like get_user/put_user * that can cause faults and scheduling migrate into our preempt-protected * region. */ #define preempt_disable() barrier() #define sched_preempt_enable_no_resched() barrier() #define preempt_enable_no_resched() barrier() #define preempt_enable() barrier() #define preempt_check_resched() do { } while (0) #define preempt_disable_notrace() barrier() #define preempt_enable_no_resched_notrace() barrier() #define preempt_enable_notrace() barrier() #define preemptible() 0 #endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT */ #ifdef MODULE /* * Modules have no business playing preemption tricks. */ #undef sched_preempt_enable_no_resched #undef preempt_enable_no_resched #undef preempt_enable_no_resched_notrace #undef preempt_check_resched #endif #define preempt_set_need_resched() \ do { \ set_preempt_need_resched(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_fold_need_resched() \ do { \ if (tif_need_resched()) \ set_preempt_need_resched(); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS struct preempt_notifier; /** * preempt_ops - notifiers called when a task is preempted and rescheduled * @sched_in: we're about to be rescheduled: * notifier: struct preempt_notifier for the task being scheduled * cpu: cpu we're scheduled on * @sched_out: we've just been preempted * notifier: struct preempt_notifier for the task being preempted * next: the task that's kicking us out * * Please note that sched_in and out are called under different * contexts. sched_out is called with rq lock held and irq disabled * while sched_in is called without rq lock and irq enabled. This * difference is intentional and depended upon by its users. */ struct preempt_ops { void (*sched_in)(struct preempt_notifier *notifier, int cpu); void (*sched_out)(struct preempt_notifier *notifier, struct task_struct *next); }; /** * preempt_notifier - key for installing preemption notifiers * @link: internal use * @ops: defines the notifier functions to be called * * Usually used in conjunction with container_of(). */ struct preempt_notifier { struct hlist_node link; struct preempt_ops *ops; }; void preempt_notifier_inc(void); void preempt_notifier_dec(void); void preempt_notifier_register(struct preempt_notifier *notifier); void preempt_notifier_unregister(struct preempt_notifier *notifier); static inline void preempt_notifier_init(struct preempt_notifier *notifier, struct preempt_ops *ops) { INIT_HLIST_NODE(&notifier->link); notifier->ops = ops; } #endif /** * migrate_disable - Prevent migration of the current task * * Maps to preempt_disable() which also disables preemption. Use * migrate_disable() to annotate that the intent is to prevent migration, * but not necessarily preemption. * * Can be invoked nested like preempt_disable() and needs the corresponding * number of migrate_enable() invocations. */ static __always_inline void migrate_disable(void) { preempt_disable(); } /** * migrate_enable - Allow migration of the current task * * Counterpart to migrate_disable(). * * As migrate_disable() can be invoked nested, only the outermost invocation * reenables migration. * * Currently mapped to preempt_enable(). */ static __always_inline void migrate_enable(void) { preempt_enable(); } #endif /* __LINUX_PREEMPT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * User-mode machine state access * * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * Red Hat Author: Roland McGrath. */ #ifndef _LINUX_REGSET_H #define _LINUX_REGSET_H 1 #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct user_regset; struct membuf { void *p; size_t left; }; static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memset(s->p, 0, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memcpy(s->p, v, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } /* current s->p must be aligned for v; v must be a scalar */ #define membuf_store(s, v) \ ({ \ struct membuf *__s = (s); \ if (__s->left) { \ typeof(v) __v = (v); \ size_t __size = sizeof(__v); \ if (unlikely(__size > __s->left)) { \ __size = __s->left; \ memcpy(__s->p, &__v, __size); \ } else { \ *(typeof(__v + 0) *)__s->p = __v; \ } \ __s->p += __size; \ __s->left -= __size; \ } \ __s->left;}) /** * user_regset_active_fn - type of @active function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * * Return -%ENODEV if not available on the hardware found. * Return %0 if no interesting state in this thread. * Return >%0 number of @size units of interesting state. * Any get call fetching state beyond that number will * see the default initialization state for this data, * so a caller that knows what the default state is need * not copy it all out. * This call is optional; the pointer is %NULL if there * is no inexpensive check to yield a value < @n. */ typedef int user_regset_active_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset); typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, struct membuf to); /** * user_regset_set_fn - type of @set function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @pos: offset into the regset data to access, in bytes * @count: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @kbuf: if not %NULL, a kernel-space pointer to copy from * @ubuf: if @kbuf is %NULL, a user-space pointer to copy from * * Store register values. Return %0 on success; -%EIO or -%ENODEV * are usual failure returns. The @pos and @count values are in * bytes, but must be properly aligned. If @kbuf is non-null, that * buffer is used and @ubuf is ignored. If @kbuf is %NULL, then * ubuf gives a userland pointer to access directly, and an -%EFAULT * return value is possible. */ typedef int user_regset_set_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf); /** * user_regset_writeback_fn - type of @writeback function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @immediate: zero if writeback at completion of next context switch is OK * * This call is optional; usually the pointer is %NULL. When * provided, there is some user memory associated with this regset's * hardware, such as memory backing cached register data on register * window machines; the regset's data controls what user memory is * used (e.g. via the stack pointer value). * * Write register data back to user memory. If the @immediate flag * is nonzero, it must be written to the user memory so uaccess or * access_process_vm() can see it when this call returns; if zero, * then it must be written back by the time the task completes a * context switch (as synchronized with wait_task_inactive()). * Return %0 on success or if there was nothing to do, -%EFAULT for * a memory problem (bad stack pointer or whatever), or -%EIO for a * hardware problem. */ typedef int user_regset_writeback_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, int immediate); /** * struct user_regset - accessible thread CPU state * @n: Number of slots (registers). * @size: Size in bytes of a slot (register). * @align: Required alignment, in bytes. * @bias: Bias from natural indexing. * @core_note_type: ELF note @n_type value used in core dumps. * @get: Function to fetch values. * @set: Function to store values. * @active: Function to report if regset is active, or %NULL. * @writeback: Function to write data back to user memory, or %NULL. * * This data structure describes a machine resource we call a register set. * This is part of the state of an individual thread, not necessarily * actual CPU registers per se. A register set consists of a number of * similar slots, given by @n. Each slot is @size bytes, and aligned to * @align bytes (which is at least @size). For dynamically-sized * regsets, @n must contain the maximum possible number of slots for the * regset. * * For backward compatibility, the @get and @set methods must pad to, or * accept, @n * @size bytes, even if the current regset size is smaller. * The precise semantics of these operations depend on the regset being * accessed. * * The functions to which &struct user_regset members point must be * called only on the current thread or on a thread that is in * %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED state, that we are guaranteed will not * be woken up and return to user mode, and that we have called * wait_task_inactive() on. (The target thread always might wake up for * SIGKILL while these functions are working, in which case that * thread's user_regset state might be scrambled.) * * The @pos argument must be aligned according to @align; the @count * argument must be a multiple of @size. These functions are not * responsible for checking for invalid arguments. * * When there is a natural value to use as an index, @bias gives the * difference between the natural index and the slot index for the * register set. For example, x86 GDT segment descriptors form a regset; * the segment selector produces a natural index, but only a subset of * that index space is available as a regset (the TLS slots); subtracting * @bias from a segment selector index value computes the regset slot. * * If nonzero, @core_note_type gives the n_type field (NT_* value) * of the core file note in which this regset's data appears. * NT_PRSTATUS is a special case in that the regset data starts at * offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) into the note data; that is * part of the per-machine ELF formats userland knows about. In * other cases, the core file note contains exactly the whole regset * (@n * @size) and nothing else. The core file note is normally * omitted when there is an @active function and it returns zero. */ struct user_regset { user_regset_get2_fn *regset_get; user_regset_set_fn *set; user_regset_active_fn *active; user_regset_writeback_fn *writeback; unsigned int n; unsigned int size; unsigned int align; unsigned int bias; unsigned int core_note_type; }; /** * struct user_regset_view - available regsets * @name: Identifier, e.g. UTS_MACHINE string. * @regsets: Array of @n regsets available in this view. * @n: Number of elements in @regsets. * @e_machine: ELF header @e_machine %EM_* value written in core dumps. * @e_flags: ELF header @e_flags value written in core dumps. * @ei_osabi: ELF header @e_ident[%EI_OSABI] value written in core dumps. * * A regset view is a collection of regsets (&struct user_regset, * above). This describes all the state of a thread that can be seen * from a given architecture/ABI environment. More than one view might * refer to the same &struct user_regset, or more than one regset * might refer to the same machine-specific state in the thread. For * example, a 32-bit thread's state could be examined from the 32-bit * view or from the 64-bit view. Either method reaches the same thread * register state, doing appropriate widening or truncation. */ struct user_regset_view { const char *name; const struct user_regset *regsets; unsigned int n; u32 e_flags; u16 e_machine; u8 ei_osabi; }; /* * This is documented here rather than at the definition sites because its * implementation is machine-dependent but its interface is universal. */ /** * task_user_regset_view - Return the process's native regset view. * @tsk: a thread of the process in question * * Return the &struct user_regset_view that is native for the given process. * For example, what it would access when it called ptrace(). * Throughout the life of the process, this only changes at exec. */ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline int user_regset_copyin(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, void *data, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); data += *pos - start_pos; if (*kbuf) { memcpy(data, *kbuf, copy); *kbuf += copy; } else if (__copy_from_user(data, *ubuf, copy)) return -EFAULT; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } static inline int user_regset_copyin_ignore(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); if (*kbuf) *kbuf += copy; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } extern int regset_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void *data); extern int regset_get_alloc(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void **data); extern int copy_regset_to_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, void __user *data); /** * copy_regset_from_user - store into thread's user_regset data from user memory * @target: thread to be examined * @view: &struct user_regset_view describing user thread machine state * @setno: index in @view->regsets * @offset: offset into the regset data, in bytes * @size: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @data: user-mode pointer to copy from */ static inline int copy_regset_from_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, const void __user *data) { const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[setno]; if (!regset->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!access_ok(data, size)) return -EFAULT; return regset->set(target, regset, offset, size, NULL, data); } #endif /* <linux/regset.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 #ifndef _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #define _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> struct __una_u16 { u16 x; } __packed; struct __una_u32 { u32 x; } __packed; struct __una_u64 { u64 x; } __packed; static inline u16 __get_unaligned_cpu16(const void *p) { const struct __una_u16 *ptr = (const struct __una_u16 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u32 __get_unaligned_cpu32(const void *p) { const struct __una_u32 *ptr = (const struct __una_u32 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u64 __get_unaligned_cpu64(const void *p) { const struct __una_u64 *ptr = (const struct __una_u64 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu16(u16 val, void *p) { struct __una_u16 *ptr = (struct __una_u16 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu32(u32 val, void *p) { struct __una_u32 *ptr = (struct __una_u32 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu64(u64 val, void *p) { struct __una_u64 *ptr = (struct __una_u64 *)p; ptr->x = val; } #endif /* _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H */
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} EXPORT_SYMBOL(kfree_const); /** * kstrdup - allocate space for and copy an existing string * @s: the string to duplicate * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or %NULL in case of error */ char *kstrdup(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) { size_t len; char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; len = strlen(s) + 1; buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len, gfp); if (buf) memcpy(buf, s, len); return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrdup); /** * kstrdup_const - conditionally duplicate an existing const string * @s: the string to duplicate * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Note: Strings allocated by kstrdup_const should be freed by kfree_const and * must not be passed to krealloc(). * * Return: source string if it is in .rodata section otherwise * fallback to kstrdup. */ const char *kstrdup_const(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) { if (is_kernel_rodata((unsigned long)s)) return s; return kstrdup(s, gfp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrdup_const); /** * kstrndup - allocate space for and copy an existing string * @s: the string to duplicate * @max: read at most @max chars from @s * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Note: Use kmemdup_nul() instead if the size is known exactly. * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or %NULL in case of error */ char *kstrndup(const char *s, size_t max, gfp_t gfp) { size_t len; char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; len = strnlen(s, max); buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len+1, gfp); if (buf) { memcpy(buf, s, len); buf[len] = '\0'; } return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrndup); /** * kmemdup - duplicate region of memory * * @src: memory region to duplicate * @len: memory region length * @gfp: GFP mask to use * * Return: newly allocated copy of @src or %NULL in case of error */ void *kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) { void *p; p = kmalloc_track_caller(len, gfp); if (p) memcpy(p, src, len); return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmemdup); /** * kmemdup_nul - Create a NUL-terminated string from unterminated data * @s: The data to stringify * @len: The size of the data * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s with NUL-termination or %NULL in * case of error */ char *kmemdup_nul(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) { char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len + 1, gfp); if (buf) { memcpy(buf, s, len); buf[len] = '\0'; } return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmemdup_nul); /** * memdup_user - duplicate memory region from user space * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. Result is physically * contiguous, to be freed by kfree(). */ void *memdup_user(const void __user *src, size_t len) { void *p; p = kmalloc_track_caller(len, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(memdup_user); /** * vmemdup_user - duplicate memory region from user space * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. Result may be not * physically contiguous. Use kvfree() to free. */ void *vmemdup_user(const void __user *src, size_t len) { void *p; p = kvmalloc(len, GFP_USER); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kvfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmemdup_user); /** * strndup_user - duplicate an existing string from user space * @s: The string to duplicate * @n: Maximum number of bytes to copy, including the trailing NUL. * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or an ERR_PTR() in case of error */ char *strndup_user(const char __user *s, long n) { char *p; long length; length = strnlen_user(s, n); if (!length) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); if (length > n) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); p = memdup_user(s, length); if (IS_ERR(p)) return p; p[length - 1] = '\0'; return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(strndup_user); /** * memdup_user_nul - duplicate memory region from user space and NUL-terminate * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. */ void *memdup_user_nul(const void __user *src, size_t len) { char *p; /* * Always use GFP_KERNEL, since copy_from_user() can sleep and * cause pagefault, which makes it pointless to use GFP_NOFS * or GFP_ATOMIC. */ p = kmalloc_track_caller(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } p[len] = '\0'; return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(memdup_user_nul); void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev) { struct vm_area_struct *next; vma->vm_prev = prev; if (prev) { next = prev->vm_next; prev->vm_next = vma; } else { next = mm->mmap; mm->mmap = vma; } vma->vm_next = next; if (next) next->vm_prev = vma; } void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *prev, *next; next = vma->vm_next; prev = vma->vm_prev; if (prev) prev->vm_next = next; else mm->mmap = next; if (next) next->vm_prev = prev; } /* Check if the vma is being used as a stack by this task */ int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct task_struct * __maybe_unused t = current; return (vma->vm_start <= KSTK_ESP(t) && vma->vm_end >= KSTK_ESP(t)); } #ifndef STACK_RND_MASK #define STACK_RND_MASK (0x7ff >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 12)) /* 8MB of VA */ #endif unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top) { unsigned long random_variable = 0; if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) { random_variable = get_random_long(); random_variable &= STACK_RND_MASK; random_variable <<= PAGE_SHIFT; } #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) + random_variable; #else return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) - random_variable; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_DEFAULT_TOPDOWN_MMAP_LAYOUT unsigned long arch_randomize_brk(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* Is the current task 32bit ? */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_64BIT) || is_compat_task()) return randomize_page(mm->brk, SZ_32M); return randomize_page(mm->brk, SZ_1G); } unsigned long arch_mmap_rnd(void) { unsigned long rnd; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS if (is_compat_task()) rnd = get_random_long() & ((1UL << mmap_rnd_compat_bits) - 1); else #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS */ rnd = get_random_long() & ((1UL << mmap_rnd_bits) - 1); return rnd << PAGE_SHIFT; } static int mmap_is_legacy(struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { if (current->personality & ADDR_COMPAT_LAYOUT) return 1; if (rlim_stack->rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY) return 1; return sysctl_legacy_va_layout; } /* * Leave enough space between the mmap area and the stack to honour ulimit in * the face of randomisation. */ #define MIN_GAP (SZ_128M) #define MAX_GAP (STACK_TOP / 6 * 5) static unsigned long mmap_base(unsigned long rnd, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { unsigned long gap = rlim_stack->rlim_cur; unsigned long pad = stack_guard_gap; /* Account for stack randomization if necessary */ if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) pad += (STACK_RND_MASK << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Values close to RLIM_INFINITY can overflow. */ if (gap + pad > gap) gap += pad; if (gap < MIN_GAP) gap = MIN_GAP; else if (gap > MAX_GAP) gap = MAX_GAP; return PAGE_ALIGN(STACK_TOP - gap - rnd); } void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { unsigned long random_factor = 0UL; if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) random_factor = arch_mmap_rnd(); if (mmap_is_legacy(rlim_stack)) { mm->mmap_base = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE + random_factor; mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area; } else { mm->mmap_base = mmap_base(random_factor, rlim_stack); mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown; } } #elif defined(CONFIG_MMU) && !defined(HAVE_ARCH_PICK_MMAP_LAYOUT) void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { mm->mmap_base = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE; mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area; } #endif /** * __account_locked_vm - account locked pages to an mm's locked_vm * @mm: mm to account against * @pages: number of pages to account * @inc: %true if @pages should be considered positive, %false if not * @task: task used to check RLIMIT_MEMLOCK * @bypass_rlim: %true if checking RLIMIT_MEMLOCK should be skipped * * Assumes @task and @mm are valid (i.e. at least one reference on each), and * that mmap_lock is held as writer. * * Return: * * 0 on success * * -ENOMEM if RLIMIT_MEMLOCK would be exceeded. */ int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim) { unsigned long locked_vm, limit; int ret = 0; mmap_assert_write_locked(mm); locked_vm = mm->locked_vm; if (inc) { if (!bypass_rlim) { limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (locked_vm + pages > limit) ret = -ENOMEM; } if (!ret) mm->locked_vm = locked_vm + pages; } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(pages > locked_vm); mm->locked_vm = locked_vm - pages; } pr_debug("%s: [%d] caller %ps %c%lu %lu/%lu%s\n", __func__, task->pid, (void *)_RET_IP_, (inc) ? '+' : '-', pages << PAGE_SHIFT, locked_vm << PAGE_SHIFT, task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK), ret ? " - exceeded" : ""); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__account_locked_vm); /** * account_locked_vm - account locked pages to an mm's locked_vm * @mm: mm to account against, may be NULL * @pages: number of pages to account * @inc: %true if @pages should be considered positive, %false if not * * Assumes a non-NULL @mm is valid (i.e. at least one reference on it). * * Return: * * 0 on success, or if mm is NULL * * -ENOMEM if RLIMIT_MEMLOCK would be exceeded. */ int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc) { int ret; if (pages == 0 || !mm) return 0; mmap_write_lock(mm); ret = __account_locked_vm(mm, pages, inc, current, capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)); mmap_write_unlock(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(account_locked_vm); unsigned long vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flag, unsigned long pgoff) { unsigned long ret; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; unsigned long populate; LIST_HEAD(uf); ret = security_mmap_file(file, prot, flag); if (!ret) { if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; ret = do_mmap(file, addr, len, prot, flag, pgoff, &populate, &uf); mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); if (populate) mm_populate(ret, populate); } return ret; } unsigned long vm_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flag, unsigned long offset) { if (unlikely(offset + PAGE_ALIGN(len) < offset)) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(offset_in_page(offset))) return -EINVAL; return vm_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flag, offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_mmap); /** * kvmalloc_node - attempt to allocate physically contiguous memory, but upon * failure, fall back to non-contiguous (vmalloc) allocation. * @size: size of the request. * @flags: gfp mask for the allocation - must be compatible (superset) with GFP_KERNEL. * @node: numa node to allocate from * * Uses kmalloc to get the memory but if the allocation fails then falls back * to the vmalloc allocator. Use kvfree for freeing the memory. * * Reclaim modifiers - __GFP_NORETRY and __GFP_NOFAIL are not supported. * __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL is supported, and it should be used only if kmalloc is * preferable to the vmalloc fallback, due to visible performance drawbacks. * * Please note that any use of gfp flags outside of GFP_KERNEL is careful to not * fall back to vmalloc. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory of %NULL in case of failure */ void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { gfp_t kmalloc_flags = flags; void *ret; /* * vmalloc uses GFP_KERNEL for some internal allocations (e.g page tables) * so the given set of flags has to be compatible. */ if ((flags & GFP_KERNEL) != GFP_KERNEL) return kmalloc_node(size, flags, node); /* * We want to attempt a large physically contiguous block first because * it is less likely to fragment multiple larger blocks and therefore * contribute to a long term fragmentation less than vmalloc fallback. * However make sure that larger requests are not too disruptive - no * OOM killer and no allocation failure warnings as we have a fallback. */ if (size > PAGE_SIZE) { kmalloc_flags |= __GFP_NOWARN; if (!(kmalloc_flags & __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL)) kmalloc_flags |= __GFP_NORETRY; } ret = kmalloc_node(size, kmalloc_flags, node); /* * It doesn't really make sense to fallback to vmalloc for sub page * requests */ if (ret || size <= PAGE_SIZE) return ret; /* Don't even allow crazy sizes */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > INT_MAX)) return NULL; return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, flags, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvmalloc_node); /** * kvfree() - Free memory. * @addr: Pointer to allocated memory. * * kvfree frees memory allocated by any of vmalloc(), kmalloc() or kvmalloc(). * It is slightly more efficient to use kfree() or vfree() if you are certain * that you know which one to use. * * Context: Either preemptible task context or not-NMI interrupt. */ void kvfree(const void *addr) { if (is_vmalloc_addr(addr)) vfree(addr); else kfree(addr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvfree); /** * kvfree_sensitive - Free a data object containing sensitive information. * @addr: address of the data object to be freed. * @len: length of the data object. * * Use the special memzero_explicit() function to clear the content of a * kvmalloc'ed object containing sensitive data to make sure that the * compiler won't optimize out the data clearing. */ void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len) { if (likely(!ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(addr))) { memzero_explicit((void *)addr, len); kvfree(addr); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvfree_sensitive); static inline void *__page_rmapping(struct page *page) { unsigned long mapping; mapping = (unsigned long)page->mapping; mapping &= ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS; return (void *)mapping; } /* Neutral page->mapping pointer to address_space or anon_vma or other */ void *page_rmapping(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return __page_rmapping(page); } /* * Return true if this page is mapped into pagetables. * For compound page it returns true if any subpage of compound page is mapped. */ bool page_mapped(struct page *page) { int i; if (likely(!PageCompound(page))) return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) >= 0; page = compound_head(page); if (atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)) >= 0) return true; if (PageHuge(page)) return false; for (i = 0; i < compound_nr(page); i++) { if (atomic_read(&page[i]._mapcount) >= 0) return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_mapped); struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page) { unsigned long mapping; page = compound_head(page); mapping = (unsigned long)page->mapping; if ((mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) return NULL; return __page_rmapping(page); } struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping; page = compound_head(page); /* This happens if someone calls flush_dcache_page on slab page */ if (unlikely(PageSlab(page))) return NULL; if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = page_private(page); return swap_address_space(entry); } mapping = page->mapping; if ((unsigned long)mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) return NULL; return (void *)((unsigned long)mapping & ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_mapping); /* * For file cache pages, return the address_space, otherwise return NULL */ struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return NULL; return page_mapping(page); } /* Slow path of page_mapcount() for compound pages */ int __page_mapcount(struct page *page) { int ret; ret = atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; /* * For file THP page->_mapcount contains total number of mapping * of the page: no need to look into compound_mapcount. */ if (!PageAnon(page) && !PageHuge(page)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); ret += atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)) + 1; if (PageDoubleMap(page)) ret--; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__page_mapcount); int sysctl_overcommit_memory __read_mostly = OVERCOMMIT_GUESS; int sysctl_overcommit_ratio __read_mostly = 50; unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes __read_mostly; int sysctl_max_map_count __read_mostly = DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT; unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes __read_mostly = 1UL << 17; /* 128MB */ unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes __read_mostly = 1UL << 13; /* 8MB */ int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; ret = proc_dointvec(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret == 0 && write) sysctl_overcommit_kbytes = 0; return ret; } static void sync_overcommit_as(struct work_struct *dummy) { percpu_counter_sync(&vm_committed_as); } int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { struct ctl_table t; int new_policy = -1; int ret; /* * The deviation of sync_overcommit_as could be big with loose policy * like OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS/OVERCOMMIT_GUESS. When changing policy to * strict OVERCOMMIT_NEVER, we need to reduce the deviation to comply * with the strict "NEVER", and to avoid possible race condtion (even * though user usually won't too frequently do the switching to policy * OVERCOMMIT_NEVER), the switch is done in the following order: * 1. changing the batch * 2. sync percpu count on each CPU * 3. switch the policy */ if (write) { t = *table; t.data = &new_policy; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || new_policy == -1) return ret; mm_compute_batch(new_policy); if (new_policy == OVERCOMMIT_NEVER) schedule_on_each_cpu(sync_overcommit_as); sysctl_overcommit_memory = new_policy; } else { ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } return ret; } int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; ret = proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret == 0 && write) sysctl_overcommit_ratio = 0; return ret; } /* * Committed memory limit enforced when OVERCOMMIT_NEVER policy is used */ unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void) { unsigned long allowed; if (sysctl_overcommit_kbytes) allowed = sysctl_overcommit_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); else allowed = ((totalram_pages() - hugetlb_total_pages()) * sysctl_overcommit_ratio / 100); allowed += total_swap_pages; return allowed; } /* * Make sure vm_committed_as in one cacheline and not cacheline shared with * other variables. It can be updated by several CPUs frequently. */ struct percpu_counter vm_committed_as ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * The global memory commitment made in the system can be a metric * that can be used to drive ballooning decisions when Linux is hosted * as a guest. On Hyper-V, the host implements a policy engine for dynamically * balancing memory across competing virtual machines that are hosted. * Several metrics drive this policy engine including the guest reported * memory commitment. * * The time cost of this is very low for small platforms, and for big * platform like a 2S/36C/72T Skylake server, in worst case where * vm_committed_as's spinlock is under severe contention, the time cost * could be about 30~40 microseconds. */ unsigned long vm_memory_committed(void) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&vm_committed_as); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vm_memory_committed); /* * Check that a process has enough memory to allocate a new virtual * mapping. 0 means there is enough memory for the allocation to * succeed and -ENOMEM implies there is not. * * We currently support three overcommit policies, which are set via the * vm.overcommit_memory sysctl. See Documentation/vm/overcommit-accounting.rst * * Strict overcommit modes added 2002 Feb 26 by Alan Cox. * Additional code 2002 Jul 20 by Robert Love. * * cap_sys_admin is 1 if the process has admin privileges, 0 otherwise. * * Note this is a helper function intended to be used by LSMs which * wish to use this logic. */ int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin) { long allowed; vm_acct_memory(pages); /* * Sometimes we want to use more memory than we have */ if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS) return 0; if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_GUESS) { if (pages > totalram_pages() + total_swap_pages) goto error; return 0; } allowed = vm_commit_limit(); /* * Reserve some for root */ if (!cap_sys_admin) allowed -= sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); /* * Don't let a single process grow so big a user can't recover */ if (mm) { long reserve = sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); allowed -= min_t(long, mm->total_vm / 32, reserve); } if (percpu_counter_read_positive(&vm_committed_as) < allowed) return 0; error: vm_unacct_memory(pages); return -ENOMEM; } /** * get_cmdline() - copy the cmdline value to a buffer. * @task: the task whose cmdline value to copy. * @buffer: the buffer to copy to. * @buflen: the length of the buffer. Larger cmdline values are truncated * to this length. * * Return: the size of the cmdline field copied. Note that the copy does * not guarantee an ending NULL byte. */ int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen) { int res = 0; unsigned int len; struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(task); unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; if (!mm) goto out; if (!mm->arg_end) goto out_mm; /* Shh! No looking before we're done */ spin_lock(&mm->arg_lock); arg_start = mm->arg_start; arg_end = mm->arg_end; env_start = mm->env_start; env_end = mm->env_end; spin_unlock(&mm->arg_lock); len = arg_end - arg_start; if (len > buflen) len = buflen; res = access_process_vm(task, arg_start, buffer, len, FOLL_FORCE); /* * If the nul at the end of args has been overwritten, then * assume application is using setproctitle(3). */ if (res > 0 && buffer[res-1] != '\0' && len < buflen) { len = strnlen(buffer, res); if (len < res) { res = len; } else { len = env_end - env_start; if (len > buflen - res) len = buflen - res; res += access_process_vm(task, env_start, buffer+res, len, FOLL_FORCE); res = strnlen(buffer, res); } } out_mm: mmput(mm); out: return res; } int __weak memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { char *addr1, *addr2; int ret; addr1 = kmap_atomic(page1); addr2 = kmap_atomic(page2); ret = memcmp(addr1, addr2, PAGE_SIZE); kunmap_atomic(addr2); kunmap_atomic(addr1); return ret; }
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3217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETLINK_H #define __LINUX_NETLINK_H #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <net/scm.h> #include <uapi/linux/netlink.h> struct net; static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data; } enum netlink_skb_flags { NETLINK_SKB_DST = 0x8, /* Dst set in sendto or sendmsg */ }; struct netlink_skb_parms { struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ __u32 portid; __u32 dst_group; __u32 flags; struct sock *sk; bool nsid_is_set; int nsid; }; #define NETLINK_CB(skb) (*(struct netlink_skb_parms*)&((skb)->cb)) #define NETLINK_CREDS(skb) (&NETLINK_CB((skb)).creds) void netlink_table_grab(void); void netlink_table_ungrab(void); #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV (1 << 0) #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND (1 << 1) /* optional Netlink kernel configuration parameters */ struct netlink_kernel_cfg { unsigned int groups; unsigned int flags; void (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct mutex *cb_mutex; int (*bind)(struct net *net, int group); void (*unbind)(struct net *net, int group); bool (*compare)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk); }; struct sock *__netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct module *module, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg); static inline struct sock * netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg) { return __netlink_kernel_create(net, unit, THIS_MODULE, cfg); } /* this can be increased when necessary - don't expose to userland */ #define NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN 20 /** * struct netlink_ext_ack - netlink extended ACK report struct * @_msg: message string to report - don't access directly, use * %NL_SET_ERR_MSG * @bad_attr: attribute with error * @policy: policy for a bad attribute * @cookie: cookie data to return to userspace (for success) * @cookie_len: actual cookie data length */ struct netlink_ext_ack { const char *_msg; const struct nlattr *bad_attr; const struct nla_policy *policy; u8 cookie[NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN]; u8 cookie_len; }; /* Always use this macro, this allows later putting the * message into a separate section or such for things * like translation or listing all possible messages. * Currently string formatting is not supported (due * to the lack of an output buffer.) */ #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_MOD(extack, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG((extack), KBUILD_MODNAME ": " msg) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, pol) do { \ if ((extack)) { \ (extack)->bad_attr = (attr); \ (extack)->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR(extack, attr) NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, NULL) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, pol, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) { \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ __extack->bad_attr = (attr); \ __extack->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, attr, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, NULL, msg) static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u64(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u64 cookie) { u64 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u32(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u32 cookie) { u32 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } void netlink_kernel_release(struct sock *sk); int __netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); int netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); void __netlink_clear_multicast_users(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); void netlink_ack(struct sk_buff *in_skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int err, const struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int netlink_has_listeners(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); bool netlink_strict_get_check(struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_unicast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, int nonblock); int netlink_broadcast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation); int netlink_broadcast_filtered(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation, int (*filter)(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data), void *filter_data); int netlink_set_err(struct sock *ssk, __u32 portid, __u32 group, int code); int netlink_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int netlink_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* finegrained unicast helpers: */ struct sock *netlink_getsockbyfilp(struct file *filp); int netlink_attachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, long *timeo, struct sock *ssk); void netlink_detachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_sendskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline struct sk_buff * netlink_skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct sk_buff *nskb; nskb = skb_clone(skb, gfp_mask); if (!nskb) return NULL; /* This is a large skb, set destructor callback to release head */ if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head)) nskb->destructor = skb->destructor; return nskb; } /* * skb should fit one page. This choice is good for headerless malloc. * But we should limit to 8K so that userspace does not have to * use enormous buffer sizes on recvmsg() calls just to avoid * MSG_TRUNC when PAGE_SIZE is very large. */ #if PAGE_SIZE < 8192UL #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(PAGE_SIZE) #else #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(8192UL) #endif #define NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE (NLMSG_GOODSIZE - NLMSG_HDRLEN) struct netlink_callback { struct sk_buff *skb; const struct nlmsghdr *nlh; int (*dump)(struct sk_buff * skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *cb); void *data; /* the module that dump function belong to */ struct module *module; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; u16 family; u16 answer_flags; u32 min_dump_alloc; unsigned int prev_seq, seq; bool strict_check; union { u8 ctx[48]; /* args is deprecated. Cast a struct over ctx instead * for proper type safety. */ long args[6]; }; }; struct netlink_notify { struct net *net; u32 portid; int protocol; }; struct nlmsghdr * __nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int len, int flags); struct netlink_dump_control { int (*start)(struct netlink_callback *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *); void *data; struct module *module; u32 min_dump_alloc; }; int __netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control); static inline int netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control) { if (!control->module) control->module = THIS_MODULE; return __netlink_dump_start(ssk, skb, nlh, control); } struct netlink_tap { struct net_device *dev; struct module *module; struct list_head list; }; int netlink_add_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); int netlink_remove_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); bool __netlink_ns_capable(const struct netlink_skb_parms *nsp, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_ns_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); bool netlink_net_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); #endif /* __LINUX_NETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security identifier table (sidtab) is a lookup table * of security context structures indexed by SID value. * * Original author: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * Author: Ondrej Mosnacek, <omosnacek@gmail.com> * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. */ #ifndef _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #define _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include "context.h" struct sidtab_entry { u32 sid; u32 hash; struct context context; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 struct sidtab_str_cache __rcu *cache; #endif struct hlist_node list; }; union sidtab_entry_inner { struct sidtab_node_inner *ptr_inner; struct sidtab_node_leaf *ptr_leaf; }; /* align node size to page boundary */ #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT PAGE_SHIFT #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE PAGE_SIZE #define size_to_shift(size) ((size) == 1 ? 1 : (const_ilog2((size) - 1) + 1)) #define SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT - size_to_shift(sizeof(union sidtab_entry_inner))) #define SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES ((size_t)1 << SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) #define SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE / sizeof(struct sidtab_entry)) #define SIDTAB_MAX_BITS 32 #define SIDTAB_MAX U32_MAX /* ensure enough tree levels for SIDTAB_MAX entries */ #define SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL \ DIV_ROUND_UP(SIDTAB_MAX_BITS - size_to_shift(SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES), \ SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) struct sidtab_node_leaf { struct sidtab_entry entries[SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_node_inner { union sidtab_entry_inner entries[SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_isid_entry { int set; struct sidtab_entry entry; }; struct sidtab_convert_params { int (*func)(struct context *oldc, struct context *newc, void *args); void *args; struct sidtab *target; }; #define SIDTAB_HASH_BITS CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SIDTAB_HASH_BITS #define SIDTAB_HASH_BUCKETS (1 << SIDTAB_HASH_BITS) struct sidtab { /* * lock-free read access only for as many items as a prior read of * 'count' */ union sidtab_entry_inner roots[SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL + 1]; /* * access atomically via {READ|WRITE}_ONCE(); only increment under * spinlock */ u32 count; /* access only under spinlock */ struct sidtab_convert_params *convert; bool frozen; spinlock_t lock; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 /* SID -> context string cache */ u32 cache_free_slots; struct list_head cache_lru_list; spinlock_t cache_lock; #endif /* index == SID - 1 (no entry for SECSID_NULL) */ struct sidtab_isid_entry isids[SECINITSID_NUM]; /* Hash table for fast reverse context-to-sid lookups. */ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(context_to_sid, SIDTAB_HASH_BITS); }; int sidtab_init(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_set_initial(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid, struct context *context); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); static inline struct context *sidtab_search(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } static inline struct context *sidtab_search_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry_force(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } int sidtab_convert(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_convert_params *params); void sidtab_cancel_convert(struct sidtab *s); void sidtab_freeze_begin(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(&s->lock); void sidtab_freeze_end(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __releases(&s->lock); int sidtab_context_to_sid(struct sidtab *s, struct context *context, u32 *sid); void sidtab_destroy(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_hash_stats(struct sidtab *sidtab, char *page); #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len); int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len); #else static inline void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len) { } static inline int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 */ #endif /* _SS_SIDTAB_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * RCU-protected list version */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /* * Why is there no list_empty_rcu()? Because list_empty() serves this * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore, * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu(). */ /* * INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU - Initialize a list_head visible to RCU readers * @list: list to be initialized * * You should instead use INIT_LIST_HEAD() for normal initialization and * cleanup tasks, when readers have no access to the list being initialized. * However, if the list being initialized is visible to readers, you * need to keep the compiler from being too mischievous. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); WRITE_ONCE(list->prev, list); } /* * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe * way, we must not access it directly */ #define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next))) /** * list_tail_rcu - returns the prev pointer of the head of the list * @head: the head of the list * * Note: This should only be used with the list header, and even then * only if list_del() and similar primitives are not also used on the * list header. */ #define list_tail_rcu(head) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(head)->prev))) /* * Check during list traversal that we are within an RCU reader */ #define check_arg_count_one(dummy) #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_LIST #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ \ check_arg_count_one(extra); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \ "RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!"); \ }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond), \ "RCU-list traversed without holding the required lock!");\ }) #else #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ check_arg_count_one(extra); }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) ({ }) #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new); next->prev = new; } /** * list_add_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_tail_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_tail_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head->prev, head); } /** * list_del_rcu - deletes entry from list without re-initialization * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_del_rcu() * or list_add_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). * * Note that the caller is not permitted to immediately free * the newly deleted entry. Instead, either synchronize_rcu() * or call_rcu() must be used to defer freeing until an RCU * grace period has elapsed. */ static inline void list_del_rcu(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * list_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to