1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H #define _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H /* * IOMMU interface. See Documentation/core-api/dma-api-howto.rst and * Documentation/core-api/dma-api.rst for documentation. */ #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/swiotlb.h> extern int iommu_merge; extern int panic_on_overflow; extern const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_arch_dma_ops(struct bus_type *bus) { return dma_ops; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_FRAG_H__ #define __NET_FRAG_H__ #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/completion.h> /* Per netns frag queues directory */ struct fqdir { /* sysctls */ long high_thresh; long low_thresh; int timeout; int max_dist; struct inet_frags *f; struct net *net; bool dead; struct rhashtable rhashtable ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Keep atomic mem on separate cachelines in structs that include it */ atomic_long_t mem ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct work_struct destroy_work; }; /** * fragment queue flags * * @INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN: first fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_LAST_IN: final fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_COMPLETE: frag queue has been processed and is due for destruction * @INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD: inet_frag_kill() has not removed fq from rhashtable */ enum { INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN = BIT(0), INET_FRAG_LAST_IN = BIT(1), INET_FRAG_COMPLETE = BIT(2), INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD = BIT(3), }; struct frag_v4_compare_key { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; u32 user; u32 vif; __be16 id; u16 protocol; }; struct frag_v6_compare_key { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_addr daddr; u32 user; __be32 id; u32 iif; }; /** * struct inet_frag_queue - fragment queue * * @node: rhash node * @key: keys identifying this frag. * @timer: queue expiration timer * @lock: spinlock protecting this frag * @refcnt: reference count of the queue * @rb_fragments: received fragments rb-tree root * @fragments_tail: received fragments tail * @last_run_head: the head of the last "run". see ip_fragment.c * @stamp: timestamp of the last received fragment * @len: total length of the original datagram * @meat: length of received fragments so far * @flags: fragment queue flags * @max_size: maximum received fragment size * @fqdir: pointer to struct fqdir * @rcu: rcu head for freeing deferall */ struct inet_frag_queue { struct rhash_head node; union { struct frag_v4_compare_key v4; struct frag_v6_compare_key v6; } key; struct timer_list timer; spinlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; struct rb_root rb_fragments; struct sk_buff *fragments_tail; struct sk_buff *last_run_head; ktime_t stamp; int len; int meat; __u8 flags; u16 max_size; struct fqdir *fqdir; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct inet_frags { unsigned int qsize; void (*constructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *q, const void *arg); void (*destructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *); void (*frag_expire)(struct timer_list *t); struct kmem_cache *frags_cachep; const char *frags_cache_name; struct rhashtable_params rhash_params; refcount_t refcnt; struct completion completion; }; int inet_frags_init(struct inet_frags *); void inet_frags_fini(struct inet_frags *); int fqdir_init(struct fqdir **fqdirp, struct inet_frags *f, struct net *net); static inline void fqdir_pre_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir) { fqdir->high_thresh = 0; /* prevent creation of new frags */ fqdir->dead = true; } void fqdir_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir); void inet_frag_kill(struct inet_frag_queue *q); void inet_frag_destroy(struct inet_frag_queue *q); struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_find(struct fqdir *fqdir, void *key); /* Free all skbs in the queue; return the sum of their truesizes. */ unsigned int inet_frag_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); static inline void inet_frag_put(struct inet_frag_queue *q) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&q->refcnt)) inet_frag_destroy(q); } /* Memory Tracking Functions. */ static inline long frag_mem_limit(const struct fqdir *fqdir) { return atomic_long_read(&fqdir->mem); } static inline void sub_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_sub(val, &fqdir->mem); } static inline void add_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_add(val, &fqdir->mem); } /* RFC 3168 support : * We want to check ECN values of all fragments, do detect invalid combinations. * In ipq->ecn, we store the OR value of each ip4_frag_ecn() fragment value. */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_NOT_ECT 0x01 /* one frag had ECN_NOT_ECT */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_1 0x02 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_1 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_0 0x04 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_0 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_CE 0x08 /* one frag had ECN_CE */ extern const u8 ip_frag_ecn_table[16]; /* Return values of inet_frag_queue_insert() */ #define IPFRAG_OK 0 #define IPFRAG_DUP 1 #define IPFRAG_OVERLAP 2 int inet_frag_queue_insert(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int end); void *inet_frag_reasm_prepare(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *parent); void inet_frag_reasm_finish(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *head, void *reasm_data, bool try_coalesce); struct sk_buff *inet_frag_pull_head(struct inet_frag_queue *q); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl_xattr.h Extended attribute system call representation of Access Control Lists. Copyright (C) 2000 by Andreas Gruenbacher <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> Copyright (C) 2002 SGI - Silicon Graphics, Inc <linux-xfs@oss.sgi.com> */ #ifndef _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #define _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #include <uapi/linux/xattr.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl_xattr.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> static inline size_t posix_acl_xattr_size(int count) { return (sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header) + (count * sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry))); } static inline int posix_acl_xattr_count(size_t size) { if (size < sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header)) return -1; size -= sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header); if (size % sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry)) return -1; return size / sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry); } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size); void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size); #else static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size) { } static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size) { } #endif struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const void *value, size_t size); int posix_acl_to_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const struct posix_acl *acl, void *buffer, size_t size); extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_access_xattr_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_default_xattr_handler; #endif /* _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #define _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #include <asm/desc.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #include <trace/events/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/paravirt.h> #include <asm/debugreg.h> extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id; #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_never_available_key); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_always_available_key); void cr4_update_pce(void *ignored); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL /* * ldt_structs can be allocated, used, and freed, but they are never * modified while live. */ struct ldt_struct { /* * Xen requires page-aligned LDTs with special permissions. This is * needed to prevent us from installing evil descriptors such as * call gates. On native, we could merge the ldt_struct and LDT * allocations, but it's not worth trying to optimize. */ struct desc_struct *entries; unsigned int nr_entries; /* * If PTI is in use, then the entries array is not mapped while we're * in user mode. The whole array will be aliased at the addressed * given by ldt_slot_va(slot). We use two slots so that we can allocate * and map, and enable a new LDT without invalidating the mapping * of an older, still-in-use LDT. * * slot will be -1 if this LDT doesn't have an alias mapping. */ int slot; }; /* * Used for LDT copy/destruction. */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->context.ldt = NULL; init_rwsem(&mm->context.ldt_usr_sem); } int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm); void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else /* CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL extern void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next); #else static inline void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { clear_LDT(); } static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); } #endif extern void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk); /* * Init a new mm. Used on mm copies, like at fork() * and on mm's that are brand-new, like at execve(). */ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { mutex_init(&mm->context.lock); mm->context.ctx_id = atomic64_inc_return(&last_mm_ctx_id); atomic64_set(&mm->context.tlb_gen, 0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) { /* pkey 0 is the default and allocated implicitly */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = 0x1; /* -1 means unallocated or invalid */ mm->context.execute_only_pkey = -1; } #endif init_new_context_ldt(mm); return 0; } static inline void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm) { destroy_context_ldt(mm); } extern void switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); extern void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); #define switch_mm_irqs_off switch_mm_irqs_off #define activate_mm(prev, next) \ do { \ paravirt_activate_mm((prev), (next)); \ switch_mm((prev), (next), NULL); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ lazy_load_gs(0); \ } while (0) #else #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ load_gs_index(0); \ loadsegment(fs, 0); \ } while (0) #endif static inline void arch_dup_pkeys(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* Duplicate the oldmm pkey state in mm: */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = oldmm->context.pkey_allocation_map; mm->context.execute_only_pkey = oldmm->context.execute_only_pkey; #endif } static inline int arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { arch_dup_pkeys(oldmm, mm); paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); return ldt_dup_context(oldmm, mm); } static inline void arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); ldt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) || !(mm->context.ia32_compat == TIF_IA32); } #else static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return false; } #endif static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { } /* * We only want to enforce protection keys on the current process * because we effectively have no access to PKRU for other * processes or any way to tell *which * PKRU in a threaded * process we could use. * * So do not enforce things if the VMA is not from the current * mm, or if we are in a kernel thread. */ static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool write, bool execute, bool foreign) { /* pkeys never affect instruction fetches */ if (execute) return true; /* allow access if the VMA is not one from this process */ if (foreign || vma_is_foreign(vma)) return true; return __pkru_allows_pkey(vma_pkey(vma), write); } unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void); #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Checksumming functions for IP, TCP, UDP and so on * * Authors: Jorge Cwik, <jorge@laser.satlink.net> * Arnt Gulbrandsen, <agulbra@nvg.unit.no> * Borrows very liberally from tcp.c and ip.c, see those * files for more names. */ #ifndef _CHECKSUM_H #define _CHECKSUM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/checksum.h> #ifndef _HAVE_ARCH_COPY_AND_CSUM_FROM_USER static inline __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user (const void __user *src, void *dst, int len) { if (copy_from_user(dst, src, len)) return 0; return csum_partial(dst, len, ~0U); } #endif #ifndef HAVE_CSUM_COPY_USER static __inline__ __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user (const void *src, void __user *dst, int len) { __wsum sum = csum_partial(src, len, ~0U); if (copy_to_user(dst, src, len) == 0) return sum; return 0; } #endif #ifndef _HAVE_ARCH_CSUM_AND_COPY static inline __wsum csum_partial_copy_nocheck(const void *src, void *dst, int len) { memcpy(dst, src, len); return csum_partial(dst, len, 0); } #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_CSUM_ADD static inline __wsum csum_add(__wsum csum, __wsum addend) { u32 res = (__force u32)csum; res += (__force u32)addend; return (__force __wsum)(res + (res < (__force u32)addend)); } #endif static inline __wsum csum_sub(__wsum csum, __wsum addend) { return csum_add(csum, ~addend); } static inline __sum16 csum16_add(__sum16 csum, __be16 addend) { u16 res = (__force u16)csum; res += (__force u16)addend; return (__force __sum16)(res + (res < (__force u16)addend)); } static inline __sum16 csum16_sub(__sum16 csum, __be16 addend) { return csum16_add(csum, ~addend); } static inline __wsum csum_block_add(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset) { u32 sum = (__force u32)csum2; /* rotate sum to align it with a 16b boundary */ if (offset & 1) sum = ror32(sum, 8); return csum_add(csum, (__force __wsum)sum); } static inline __wsum csum_block_add_ext(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset, int len) { return csum_block_add(csum, csum2, offset); } static inline __wsum csum_block_sub(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset) { return csum_block_add(csum, ~csum2, offset); } static inline __wsum csum_unfold(__sum16 n) { return (__force __wsum)n; } static inline __wsum csum_partial_ext(const void *buff, int len, __wsum sum) { return csum_partial(buff, len, sum); } #define CSUM_MANGLED_0 ((__force __sum16)0xffff) static inline void csum_replace_by_diff(__sum16 *sum, __wsum diff) { *sum = csum_fold(csum_add(diff, ~csum_unfold(*sum))); } static inline void csum_replace4(__sum16 *sum, __be32 from, __be32 to) { __wsum tmp = csum_sub(~csum_unfold(*sum), (__force __wsum)from); *sum = csum_fold(csum_add(tmp, (__force __wsum)to)); } /* Implements RFC 1624 (Incremental Internet Checksum) * 3. Discussion states : * HC' = ~(~HC + ~m + m') * m : old value of a 16bit field * m' : new value of a 16bit field */ static inline void csum_replace2(__sum16 *sum, __be16 old, __be16 new) { *sum = ~csum16_add(csum16_sub(~(*sum), old), new); } struct sk_buff; void inet_proto_csum_replace4(__sum16 *sum, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 from, __be32 to, bool pseudohdr); void inet_proto_csum_replace16(__sum16 *sum, struct sk_buff *skb, const __be32 *from, const __be32 *to, bool pseudohdr); void inet_proto_csum_replace_by_diff(__sum16 *sum, struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum diff, bool pseudohdr); static inline void inet_proto_csum_replace2(__sum16 *sum, struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 from, __be16 to, bool pseudohdr) { inet_proto_csum_replace4(sum, skb, (__force __be32)from, (__force __be32)to, pseudohdr); } static inline __wsum remcsum_adjust(void *ptr, __wsum csum, int start, int offset) { __sum16 *psum = (__sum16 *)(ptr + offset); __wsum delta; /* Subtract out checksum up to start */ csum = csum_sub(csum, csum_partial(ptr, start, 0)); /* Set derived checksum in packet */ delta = csum_sub((__force __wsum)csum_fold(csum), (__force __wsum)*psum); *psum = csum_fold(csum); return delta; } static inline void remcsum_unadjust(__sum16 *psum, __wsum delta) { *psum = csum_fold(csum_sub(delta, (__force __wsum)*psum)); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * User-mode machine state access * * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * Red Hat Author: Roland McGrath. */ #ifndef _LINUX_REGSET_H #define _LINUX_REGSET_H 1 #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct user_regset; struct membuf { void *p; size_t left; }; static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memset(s->p, 0, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memcpy(s->p, v, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } /* current s->p must be aligned for v; v must be a scalar */ #define membuf_store(s, v) \ ({ \ struct membuf *__s = (s); \ if (__s->left) { \ typeof(v) __v = (v); \ size_t __size = sizeof(__v); \ if (unlikely(__size > __s->left)) { \ __size = __s->left; \ memcpy(__s->p, &__v, __size); \ } else { \ *(typeof(__v + 0) *)__s->p = __v; \ } \ __s->p += __size; \ __s->left -= __size; \ } \ __s->left;}) /** * user_regset_active_fn - type of @active function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * * Return -%ENODEV if not available on the hardware found. * Return %0 if no interesting state in this thread. * Return >%0 number of @size units of interesting state. * Any get call fetching state beyond that number will * see the default initialization state for this data, * so a caller that knows what the default state is need * not copy it all out. * This call is optional; the pointer is %NULL if there * is no inexpensive check to yield a value < @n. */ typedef int user_regset_active_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset); typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, struct membuf to); /** * user_regset_set_fn - type of @set function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @pos: offset into the regset data to access, in bytes * @count: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @kbuf: if not %NULL, a kernel-space pointer to copy from * @ubuf: if @kbuf is %NULL, a user-space pointer to copy from * * Store register values. Return %0 on success; -%EIO or -%ENODEV * are usual failure returns. The @pos and @count values are in * bytes, but must be properly aligned. If @kbuf is non-null, that * buffer is used and @ubuf is ignored. If @kbuf is %NULL, then * ubuf gives a userland pointer to access directly, and an -%EFAULT * return value is possible. */ typedef int user_regset_set_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf); /** * user_regset_writeback_fn - type of @writeback function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @immediate: zero if writeback at completion of next context switch is OK * * This call is optional; usually the pointer is %NULL. When * provided, there is some user memory associated with this regset's * hardware, such as memory backing cached register data on register * window machines; the regset's data controls what user memory is * used (e.g. via the stack pointer value). * * Write register data back to user memory. If the @immediate flag * is nonzero, it must be written to the user memory so uaccess or * access_process_vm() can see it when this call returns; if zero, * then it must be written back by the time the task completes a * context switch (as synchronized with wait_task_inactive()). * Return %0 on success or if there was nothing to do, -%EFAULT for * a memory problem (bad stack pointer or whatever), or -%EIO for a * hardware problem. */ typedef int user_regset_writeback_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, int immediate); /** * struct user_regset - accessible thread CPU state * @n: Number of slots (registers). * @size: Size in bytes of a slot (register). * @align: Required alignment, in bytes. * @bias: Bias from natural indexing. * @core_note_type: ELF note @n_type value used in core dumps. * @get: Function to fetch values. * @set: Function to store values. * @active: Function to report if regset is active, or %NULL. * @writeback: Function to write data back to user memory, or %NULL. * * This data structure describes a machine resource we call a register set. * This is part of the state of an individual thread, not necessarily * actual CPU registers per se. A register set consists of a number of * similar slots, given by @n. Each slot is @size bytes, and aligned to * @align bytes (which is at least @size). For dynamically-sized * regsets, @n must contain the maximum possible number of slots for the * regset. * * For backward compatibility, the @get and @set methods must pad to, or * accept, @n * @size bytes, even if the current regset size is smaller. * The precise semantics of these operations depend on the regset being * accessed. * * The functions to which &struct user_regset members point must be * called only on the current thread or on a thread that is in * %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED state, that we are guaranteed will not * be woken up and return to user mode, and that we have called * wait_task_inactive() on. (The target thread always might wake up for * SIGKILL while these functions are working, in which case that * thread's user_regset state might be scrambled.) * * The @pos argument must be aligned according to @align; the @count * argument must be a multiple of @size. These functions are not * responsible for checking for invalid arguments. * * When there is a natural value to use as an index, @bias gives the * difference between the natural index and the slot index for the * register set. For example, x86 GDT segment descriptors form a regset; * the segment selector produces a natural index, but only a subset of * that index space is available as a regset (the TLS slots); subtracting * @bias from a segment selector index value computes the regset slot. * * If nonzero, @core_note_type gives the n_type field (NT_* value) * of the core file note in which this regset's data appears. * NT_PRSTATUS is a special case in that the regset data starts at * offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) into the note data; that is * part of the per-machine ELF formats userland knows about. In * other cases, the core file note contains exactly the whole regset * (@n * @size) and nothing else. The core file note is normally * omitted when there is an @active function and it returns zero. */ struct user_regset { user_regset_get2_fn *regset_get; user_regset_set_fn *set; user_regset_active_fn *active; user_regset_writeback_fn *writeback; unsigned int n; unsigned int size; unsigned int align; unsigned int bias; unsigned int core_note_type; }; /** * struct user_regset_view - available regsets * @name: Identifier, e.g. UTS_MACHINE string. * @regsets: Array of @n regsets available in this view. * @n: Number of elements in @regsets. * @e_machine: ELF header @e_machine %EM_* value written in core dumps. * @e_flags: ELF header @e_flags value written in core dumps. * @ei_osabi: ELF header @e_ident[%EI_OSABI] value written in core dumps. * * A regset view is a collection of regsets (&struct user_regset, * above). This describes all the state of a thread that can be seen * from a given architecture/ABI environment. More than one view might * refer to the same &struct user_regset, or more than one regset * might refer to the same machine-specific state in the thread. For * example, a 32-bit thread's state could be examined from the 32-bit * view or from the 64-bit view. Either method reaches the same thread * register state, doing appropriate widening or truncation. */ struct user_regset_view { const char *name; const struct user_regset *regsets; unsigned int n; u32 e_flags; u16 e_machine; u8 ei_osabi; }; /* * This is documented here rather than at the definition sites because its * implementation is machine-dependent but its interface is universal. */ /** * task_user_regset_view - Return the process's native regset view. * @tsk: a thread of the process in question * * Return the &struct user_regset_view that is native for the given process. * For example, what it would access when it called ptrace(). * Throughout the life of the process, this only changes at exec. */ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline int user_regset_copyin(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, void *data, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); data += *pos - start_pos; if (*kbuf) { memcpy(data, *kbuf, copy); *kbuf += copy; } else if (__copy_from_user(data, *ubuf, copy)) return -EFAULT; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } static inline int user_regset_copyin_ignore(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); if (*kbuf) *kbuf += copy; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } extern int regset_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void *data); extern int regset_get_alloc(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void **data); extern int copy_regset_to_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, void __user *data); /** * copy_regset_from_user - store into thread's user_regset data from user memory * @target: thread to be examined * @view: &struct user_regset_view describing user thread machine state * @setno: index in @view->regsets * @offset: offset into the regset data, in bytes * @size: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @data: user-mode pointer to copy from */ static inline int copy_regset_from_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, const void __user *data) { const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[setno]; if (!regset->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!access_ok(data, size)) return -EFAULT; return regset->set(target, regset, offset, size, NULL, data); } #endif /* <linux/regset.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM compaction #if !defined(_TRACE_COMPACTION_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_COMPACTION_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_isolate_template, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, start_pfn) __field(unsigned long, end_pfn) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->start_pfn = start_pfn; __entry->end_pfn = end_pfn; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; ), TP_printk("range=(0x%lx ~ 0x%lx) nr_scanned=%lu nr_taken=%lu", __entry->start_pfn, __entry->end_pfn, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_migratepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_freepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_migratepages, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_all, int migrate_rc, struct list_head *migratepages), TP_ARGS(nr_all, migrate_rc, migratepages), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_migrated) __field(unsigned long, nr_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long nr_failed = 0; struct list_head *page_lru; /* * migrate_pages() returns either a non-negative number * with the number of pages that failed migration, or an * error code, in which case we need to count the remaining * pages manually */ if (migrate_rc >= 0) nr_failed = migrate_rc; else list_for_each(page_lru, migratepages) nr_failed++; __entry->nr_migrated = nr_all - nr_failed; __entry->nr_failed = nr_failed; ), TP_printk("nr_migrated=%lu nr_failed=%lu", __entry->nr_migrated, __entry->nr_failed) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_begin, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async") ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync, int status), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync, status), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) __field(int, status) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; __entry->status = status; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s status=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async", __print_symbolic(__entry->status, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_try_to_compact_pages, TP_PROTO( int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, int prio), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_mask, prio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_mask) __field(int, prio) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_mask = gfp_mask; __entry->prio = prio; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_mask=%s priority=%d", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_mask), __entry->prio) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_suitable_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d ret=%s", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->ret, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_finished, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_suitable, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_defer_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned int, considered) __field(unsigned int, defer_shift) __field(int, order_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->considered = zone->compact_considered; __entry->defer_shift = zone->compact_defer_shift; __entry->order_failed = zone->compact_order_failed; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d order_failed=%d consider=%u limit=%lu", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->order_failed, __entry->considered, 1UL << __entry->defer_shift) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_deferred, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_compaction, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_reset, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_kcompactd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kcompactd_wake_template, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(enum zone_type, highest_zoneidx) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; ), /* * classzone_idx is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d classzone_idx=%-8s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->highest_zoneidx, ZONE_TYPE)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_wakeup_kcompactd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_kcompactd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); #endif #endif /* _TRACE_COMPACTION_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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9621 9622 9623 9624 9625 9626 9627 9628 9629 9630 9631 9632 9633 9634 9635 9636 9637 9638 9639 9640 9641 9642 9643 9644 9645 9646 9647 9648 9649 9650 9651 9652 9653 9654 9655 9656 9657 9658 9659 9660 9661 9662 9663 9664 9665 9666 9667 9668 9669 9670 9671 9672 9673 9674 9675 9676 9677 9678 9679 9680 9681 9682 9683 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * ring buffer based function tracer * * Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com> * Copyright (C) 2008 Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> * * Originally taken from the RT patch by: * Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> * * Based on code from the latency_tracer, that is: * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2004 Nadia Yvette Chambers */ #include <linux/ring_buffer.h> #include <generated/utsrelease.h> #include <linux/stacktrace.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/tracefs.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/trace.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/rt.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "trace.h" #include "trace_output.h" /* * On boot up, the ring buffer is set to the minimum size, so that * we do not waste memory on systems that are not using tracing. */ bool ring_buffer_expanded; /* * We need to change this state when a selftest is running. * A selftest will lurk into the ring-buffer to count the * entries inserted during the selftest although some concurrent * insertions into the ring-buffer such as trace_printk could occurred * at the same time, giving false positive or negative results. */ static bool __read_mostly tracing_selftest_running; /* * If boot-time tracing including tracers/events via kernel cmdline * is running, we do not want to run SELFTEST. */ bool __read_mostly tracing_selftest_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST void __init disable_tracing_selftest(const char *reason) { if (!tracing_selftest_disabled) { tracing_selftest_disabled = true; pr_info("Ftrace startup test is disabled due to %s\n", reason); } } #endif /* Pipe tracepoints to printk */ struct trace_iterator *tracepoint_print_iter; int tracepoint_printk; static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(tracepoint_printk_key); /* For tracers that don't implement custom flags */ static struct tracer_opt dummy_tracer_opt[] = { { } }; static int dummy_set_flag(struct trace_array *tr, u32 old_flags, u32 bit, int set) { return 0; } /* * To prevent the comm cache from being overwritten when no * tracing is active, only save the comm when a trace event * occurred. */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, trace_taskinfo_save); /* * Kill all tracing for good (never come back). * It is initialized to 1 but will turn to zero if the initialization * of the tracer is successful. But that is the only place that sets * this back to zero. */ static int tracing_disabled = 1; cpumask_var_t __read_mostly tracing_buffer_mask; /* * ftrace_dump_on_oops - variable to dump ftrace buffer on oops * * If there is an oops (or kernel panic) and the ftrace_dump_on_oops * is set, then ftrace_dump is called. This will output the contents * of the ftrace buffers to the console. This is very useful for * capturing traces that lead to crashes and outputing it to a * serial console. * * It is default off, but you can enable it with either specifying * "ftrace_dump_on_oops" in the kernel command line, or setting * /proc/sys/kernel/ftrace_dump_on_oops * Set 1 if you want to dump buffers of all CPUs * Set 2 if you want to dump the buffer of the CPU that triggered oops */ enum ftrace_dump_mode ftrace_dump_on_oops; /* When set, tracing will stop when a WARN*() is hit */ int __disable_trace_on_warning; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE /* Map of enums to their values, for "eval_map" file */ struct trace_eval_map_head { struct module *mod; unsigned long length; }; union trace_eval_map_item; struct trace_eval_map_tail { /* * "end" is first and points to NULL as it must be different * than "mod" or "eval_string" */ union trace_eval_map_item *next; const char *end; /* points to NULL */ }; static DEFINE_MUTEX(trace_eval_mutex); /* * The trace_eval_maps are saved in an array with two extra elements, * one at the beginning, and one at the end. The beginning item contains * the count of the saved maps (head.length), and the module they * belong to if not built in (head.mod). The ending item contains a * pointer to the next array of saved eval_map items. */ union trace_eval_map_item { struct trace_eval_map map; struct trace_eval_map_head head; struct trace_eval_map_tail tail; }; static union trace_eval_map_item *trace_eval_maps; #endif /* CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE */ int tracing_set_tracer(struct trace_array *tr, const char *buf); static void ftrace_trace_userstack(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int pc); #define MAX_TRACER_SIZE 100 static char bootup_tracer_buf[MAX_TRACER_SIZE] __initdata; static char *default_bootup_tracer; static bool allocate_snapshot; static int __init set_cmdline_ftrace(char *str) { strlcpy(bootup_tracer_buf, str, MAX_TRACER_SIZE); default_bootup_tracer = bootup_tracer_buf; /* We are using ftrace early, expand it */ ring_buffer_expanded = true; return 1; } __setup("ftrace=", set_cmdline_ftrace); static int __init set_ftrace_dump_on_oops(char *str) { if (*str++ != '=' || !*str) { ftrace_dump_on_oops = DUMP_ALL; return 1; } if (!strcmp("orig_cpu", str)) { ftrace_dump_on_oops = DUMP_ORIG; return 1; } return 0; } __setup("ftrace_dump_on_oops", set_ftrace_dump_on_oops); static int __init stop_trace_on_warning(char *str) { if ((strcmp(str, "=0") != 0 && strcmp(str, "=off") != 0)) __disable_trace_on_warning = 1; return 1; } __setup("traceoff_on_warning", stop_trace_on_warning); static int __init boot_alloc_snapshot(char *str) { allocate_snapshot = true; /* We also need the main ring buffer expanded */ ring_buffer_expanded = true; return 1; } __setup("alloc_snapshot", boot_alloc_snapshot); static char trace_boot_options_buf[MAX_TRACER_SIZE] __initdata; static int __init set_trace_boot_options(char *str) { strlcpy(trace_boot_options_buf, str, MAX_TRACER_SIZE); return 0; } __setup("trace_options=", set_trace_boot_options); static char trace_boot_clock_buf[MAX_TRACER_SIZE] __initdata; static char *trace_boot_clock __initdata; static int __init set_trace_boot_clock(char *str) { strlcpy(trace_boot_clock_buf, str, MAX_TRACER_SIZE); trace_boot_clock = trace_boot_clock_buf; return 0; } __setup("trace_clock=", set_trace_boot_clock); static int __init set_tracepoint_printk(char *str) { if ((strcmp(str, "=0") != 0 && strcmp(str, "=off") != 0)) tracepoint_printk = 1; return 1; } __setup("tp_printk", set_tracepoint_printk); unsigned long long ns2usecs(u64 nsec) { nsec += 500; do_div(nsec, 1000); return nsec; } static void trace_process_export(struct trace_export *export, struct ring_buffer_event *event, int flag) { struct trace_entry *entry; unsigned int size = 0; if (export->flags & flag) { entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); size = ring_buffer_event_length(event); export->write(export, entry, size); } } static DEFINE_MUTEX(ftrace_export_lock); static struct trace_export __rcu *ftrace_exports_list __read_mostly; static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(trace_function_exports_enabled); static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(trace_event_exports_enabled); static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(trace_marker_exports_enabled); static inline void ftrace_exports_enable(struct trace_export *export) { if (export->flags & TRACE_EXPORT_FUNCTION) static_branch_inc(&trace_function_exports_enabled); if (export->flags & TRACE_EXPORT_EVENT) static_branch_inc(&trace_event_exports_enabled); if (export->flags & TRACE_EXPORT_MARKER) static_branch_inc(&trace_marker_exports_enabled); } static inline void ftrace_exports_disable(struct trace_export *export) { if (export->flags & TRACE_EXPORT_FUNCTION) static_branch_dec(&trace_function_exports_enabled); if (export->flags & TRACE_EXPORT_EVENT) static_branch_dec(&trace_event_exports_enabled); if (export->flags & TRACE_EXPORT_MARKER) static_branch_dec(&trace_marker_exports_enabled); } static void ftrace_exports(struct ring_buffer_event *event, int flag) { struct trace_export *export; preempt_disable_notrace(); export = rcu_dereference_raw_check(ftrace_exports_list); while (export) { trace_process_export(export, event, flag); export = rcu_dereference_raw_check(export->next); } preempt_enable_notrace(); } static inline void add_trace_export(struct trace_export **list, struct trace_export *export) { rcu_assign_pointer(export->next, *list); /* * We are entering export into the list but another * CPU might be walking that list. We need to make sure * the export->next pointer is valid before another CPU sees * the export pointer included into the list. */ rcu_assign_pointer(*list, export); } static inline int rm_trace_export(struct trace_export **list, struct trace_export *export) { struct trace_export **p; for (p = list; *p != NULL; p = &(*p)->next) if (*p == export) break; if (*p != export) return -1; rcu_assign_pointer(*p, (*p)->next); return 0; } static inline void add_ftrace_export(struct trace_export **list, struct trace_export *export) { ftrace_exports_enable(export); add_trace_export(list, export); } static inline int rm_ftrace_export(struct trace_export **list, struct trace_export *export) { int ret; ret = rm_trace_export(list, export); ftrace_exports_disable(export); return ret; } int register_ftrace_export(struct trace_export *export) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!export->write)) return -1; mutex_lock(&ftrace_export_lock); add_ftrace_export(&ftrace_exports_list, export); mutex_unlock(&ftrace_export_lock); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_ftrace_export); int unregister_ftrace_export(struct trace_export *export) { int ret; mutex_lock(&ftrace_export_lock); ret = rm_ftrace_export(&ftrace_exports_list, export); mutex_unlock(&ftrace_export_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_ftrace_export); /* trace_flags holds trace_options default values */ #define TRACE_DEFAULT_FLAGS \ (FUNCTION_DEFAULT_FLAGS | \ TRACE_ITER_PRINT_PARENT | TRACE_ITER_PRINTK | \ TRACE_ITER_ANNOTATE | TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO | \ TRACE_ITER_RECORD_CMD | TRACE_ITER_OVERWRITE | \ TRACE_ITER_IRQ_INFO | TRACE_ITER_MARKERS) /* trace_options that are only supported by global_trace */ #define TOP_LEVEL_TRACE_FLAGS (TRACE_ITER_PRINTK | \ TRACE_ITER_PRINTK_MSGONLY | TRACE_ITER_RECORD_CMD) /* trace_flags that are default zero for instances */ #define ZEROED_TRACE_FLAGS \ (TRACE_ITER_EVENT_FORK | TRACE_ITER_FUNC_FORK) /* * The global_trace is the descriptor that holds the top-level tracing * buffers for the live tracing. */ static struct trace_array global_trace = { .trace_flags = TRACE_DEFAULT_FLAGS, }; LIST_HEAD(ftrace_trace_arrays); int trace_array_get(struct trace_array *this_tr) { struct trace_array *tr; int ret = -ENODEV; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) { if (tr == this_tr) { tr->ref++; ret = 0; break; } } mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } static void __trace_array_put(struct trace_array *this_tr) { WARN_ON(!this_tr->ref); this_tr->ref--; } /** * trace_array_put - Decrement the reference counter for this trace array. * * NOTE: Use this when we no longer need the trace array returned by * trace_array_get_by_name(). This ensures the trace array can be later * destroyed. * */ void trace_array_put(struct trace_array *this_tr) { if (!this_tr) return; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); __trace_array_put(this_tr); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_array_put); int tracing_check_open_get_tr(struct trace_array *tr) { int ret; ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TRACEFS); if (ret) return ret; if (tracing_disabled) return -ENODEV; if (tr && trace_array_get(tr) < 0) return -ENODEV; return 0; } int call_filter_check_discard(struct trace_event_call *call, void *rec, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event) { if (unlikely(call->flags & TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED) && !filter_match_preds(call->filter, rec)) { __trace_event_discard_commit(buffer, event); return 1; } return 0; } void trace_free_pid_list(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list) { vfree(pid_list->pids); kfree(pid_list); } /** * trace_find_filtered_pid - check if a pid exists in a filtered_pid list * @filtered_pids: The list of pids to check * @search_pid: The PID to find in @filtered_pids * * Returns true if @search_pid is fonud in @filtered_pids, and false otherwis. */ bool trace_find_filtered_pid(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, pid_t search_pid) { /* * If pid_max changed after filtered_pids was created, we * by default ignore all pids greater than the previous pid_max. */ if (search_pid >= filtered_pids->pid_max) return false; return test_bit(search_pid, filtered_pids->pids); } /** * trace_ignore_this_task - should a task be ignored for tracing * @filtered_pids: The list of pids to check * @task: The task that should be ignored if not filtered * * Checks if @task should be traced or not from @filtered_pids. * Returns true if @task should *NOT* be traced. * Returns false if @task should be traced. */ bool trace_ignore_this_task(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, struct trace_pid_list *filtered_no_pids, struct task_struct *task) { /* * If filterd_no_pids is not empty, and the task's pid is listed * in filtered_no_pids, then return true. * Otherwise, if filtered_pids is empty, that means we can * trace all tasks. If it has content, then only trace pids * within filtered_pids. */ return (filtered_pids && !trace_find_filtered_pid(filtered_pids, task->pid)) || (filtered_no_pids && trace_find_filtered_pid(filtered_no_pids, task->pid)); } /** * trace_filter_add_remove_task - Add or remove a task from a pid_list * @pid_list: The list to modify * @self: The current task for fork or NULL for exit * @task: The task to add or remove * * If adding a task, if @self is defined, the task is only added if @self * is also included in @pid_list. This happens on fork and tasks should * only be added when the parent is listed. If @self is NULL, then the * @task pid will be removed from the list, which would happen on exit * of a task. */ void trace_filter_add_remove_task(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, struct task_struct *self, struct task_struct *task) { if (!pid_list) return; /* For forks, we only add if the forking task is listed */ if (self) { if (!trace_find_filtered_pid(pid_list, self->pid)) return; } /* Sorry, but we don't support pid_max changing after setting */ if (task->pid >= pid_list->pid_max) return; /* "self" is set for forks, and NULL for exits */ if (self) set_bit(task->pid, pid_list->pids); else clear_bit(task->pid, pid_list->pids); } /** * trace_pid_next - Used for seq_file to get to the next pid of a pid_list * @pid_list: The pid list to show * @v: The last pid that was shown (+1 the actual pid to let zero be displayed) * @pos: The position of the file * * This is used by the seq_file "next" operation to iterate the pids * listed in a trace_pid_list structure. * * Returns the pid+1 as we want to display pid of zero, but NULL would * stop the iteration. */ void *trace_pid_next(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, void *v, loff_t *pos) { unsigned long pid = (unsigned long)v; (*pos)++; /* pid already is +1 of the actual prevous bit */ pid = find_next_bit(pid_list->pids, pid_list->pid_max, pid); /* Return pid + 1 to allow zero to be represented */ if (pid < pid_list->pid_max) return (void *)(pid + 1); return NULL; } /** * trace_pid_start - Used for seq_file to start reading pid lists * @pid_list: The pid list to show * @pos: The position of the file * * This is used by seq_file "start" operation to start the iteration * of listing pids. * * Returns the pid+1 as we want to display pid of zero, but NULL would * stop the iteration. */ void *trace_pid_start(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, loff_t *pos) { unsigned long pid; loff_t l = 0; pid = find_first_bit(pid_list->pids, pid_list->pid_max); if (pid >= pid_list->pid_max) return NULL; /* Return pid + 1 so that zero can be the exit value */ for (pid++; pid && l < *pos; pid = (unsigned long)trace_pid_next(pid_list, (void *)pid, &l)) ; return (void *)pid; } /** * trace_pid_show - show the current pid in seq_file processing * @m: The seq_file structure to write into * @v: A void pointer of the pid (+1) value to display * * Can be directly used by seq_file operations to display the current * pid value. */ int trace_pid_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { unsigned long pid = (unsigned long)v - 1; seq_printf(m, "%lu\n", pid); return 0; } /* 128 should be much more than enough */ #define PID_BUF_SIZE 127 int trace_pid_write(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, struct trace_pid_list **new_pid_list, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt) { struct trace_pid_list *pid_list; struct trace_parser parser; unsigned long val; int nr_pids = 0; ssize_t read = 0; ssize_t ret = 0; loff_t pos; pid_t pid; if (trace_parser_get_init(&parser, PID_BUF_SIZE + 1)) return -ENOMEM; /* * Always recreate a new array. The write is an all or nothing * operation. Always create a new array when adding new pids by * the user. If the operation fails, then the current list is * not modified. */ pid_list = kmalloc(sizeof(*pid_list), GFP_KERNEL); if (!pid_list) { trace_parser_put(&parser); return -ENOMEM; } pid_list->pid_max = READ_ONCE(pid_max); /* Only truncating will shrink pid_max */ if (filtered_pids && filtered_pids->pid_max > pid_list->pid_max) pid_list->pid_max = filtered_pids->pid_max; pid_list->pids = vzalloc((pid_list->pid_max + 7) >> 3); if (!pid_list->pids) { trace_parser_put(&parser); kfree(pid_list); return -ENOMEM; } if (filtered_pids) { /* copy the current bits to the new max */ for_each_set_bit(pid, filtered_pids->pids, filtered_pids->pid_max) { set_bit(pid, pid_list->pids); nr_pids++; } } while (cnt > 0) { pos = 0; ret = trace_get_user(&parser, ubuf, cnt, &pos); if (ret < 0 || !trace_parser_loaded(&parser)) break; read += ret; ubuf += ret; cnt -= ret; ret = -EINVAL; if (kstrtoul(parser.buffer, 0, &val)) break; if (val >= pid_list->pid_max) break; pid = (pid_t)val; set_bit(pid, pid_list->pids); nr_pids++; trace_parser_clear(&parser); ret = 0; } trace_parser_put(&parser); if (ret < 0) { trace_free_pid_list(pid_list); return ret; } if (!nr_pids) { /* Cleared the list of pids */ trace_free_pid_list(pid_list); read = ret; pid_list = NULL; } *new_pid_list = pid_list; return read; } static u64 buffer_ftrace_now(struct array_buffer *buf, int cpu) { u64 ts; /* Early boot up does not have a buffer yet */ if (!buf->buffer) return trace_clock_local(); ts = ring_buffer_time_stamp(buf->buffer, cpu); ring_buffer_normalize_time_stamp(buf->buffer, cpu, &ts); return ts; } u64 ftrace_now(int cpu) { return buffer_ftrace_now(&global_trace.array_buffer, cpu); } /** * tracing_is_enabled - Show if global_trace has been disabled * * Shows if the global trace has been enabled or not. It uses the * mirror flag "buffer_disabled" to be used in fast paths such as for * the irqsoff tracer. But it may be inaccurate due to races. If you * need to know the accurate state, use tracing_is_on() which is a little * slower, but accurate. */ int tracing_is_enabled(void) { /* * For quick access (irqsoff uses this in fast path), just * return the mirror variable of the state of the ring buffer. * It's a little racy, but we don't really care. */ smp_rmb(); return !global_trace.buffer_disabled; } /* * trace_buf_size is the size in bytes that is allocated * for a buffer. Note, the number of bytes is always rounded * to page size. * * This number is purposely set to a low number of 16384. * If the dump on oops happens, it will be much appreciated * to not have to wait for all that output. Anyway this can be * boot time and run time configurable. */ #define TRACE_BUF_SIZE_DEFAULT 1441792UL /* 16384 * 88 (sizeof(entry)) */ static unsigned long trace_buf_size = TRACE_BUF_SIZE_DEFAULT; /* trace_types holds a link list of available tracers. */ static struct tracer *trace_types __read_mostly; /* * trace_types_lock is used to protect the trace_types list. */ DEFINE_MUTEX(trace_types_lock); /* * serialize the access of the ring buffer * * ring buffer serializes readers, but it is low level protection. * The validity of the events (which returns by ring_buffer_peek() ..etc) * are not protected by ring buffer. * * The content of events may become garbage if we allow other process consumes * these events concurrently: * A) the page of the consumed events may become a normal page * (not reader page) in ring buffer, and this page will be rewrited * by events producer. * B) The page of the consumed events may become a page for splice_read, * and this page will be returned to system. * * These primitives allow multi process access to different cpu ring buffer * concurrently. * * These primitives don't distinguish read-only and read-consume access. * Multi read-only access are also serialized. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static DECLARE_RWSEM(all_cpu_access_lock); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mutex, cpu_access_lock); static inline void trace_access_lock(int cpu) { if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { /* gain it for accessing the whole ring buffer. */ down_write(&all_cpu_access_lock); } else { /* gain it for accessing a cpu ring buffer. */ /* Firstly block other trace_access_lock(RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS). */ down_read(&all_cpu_access_lock); /* Secondly block other access to this @cpu ring buffer. */ mutex_lock(&per_cpu(cpu_access_lock, cpu)); } } static inline void trace_access_unlock(int cpu) { if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { up_write(&all_cpu_access_lock); } else { mutex_unlock(&per_cpu(cpu_access_lock, cpu)); up_read(&all_cpu_access_lock); } } static inline void trace_access_lock_init(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) mutex_init(&per_cpu(cpu_access_lock, cpu)); } #else static DEFINE_MUTEX(access_lock); static inline void trace_access_lock(int cpu) { (void)cpu; mutex_lock(&access_lock); } static inline void trace_access_unlock(int cpu) { (void)cpu; mutex_unlock(&access_lock); } static inline void trace_access_lock_init(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline void ftrace_trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void ftrace_trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs) { } #endif static __always_inline void trace_event_setup(struct ring_buffer_event *event, int type, unsigned long flags, int pc) { struct trace_entry *ent = ring_buffer_event_data(event); tracing_generic_entry_update(ent, type, flags, pc); } static __always_inline struct ring_buffer_event * __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer *buffer, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc) { struct ring_buffer_event *event; event = ring_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, len); if (event != NULL) trace_event_setup(event, type, flags, pc); return event; } void tracer_tracing_on(struct trace_array *tr) { if (tr->array_buffer.buffer) ring_buffer_record_on(tr->array_buffer.buffer); /* * This flag is looked at when buffers haven't been allocated * yet, or by some tracers (like irqsoff), that just want to * know if the ring buffer has been disabled, but it can handle * races of where it gets disabled but we still do a record. * As the check is in the fast path of the tracers, it is more * important to be fast than accurate. */ tr->buffer_disabled = 0; /* Make the flag seen by readers */ smp_wmb(); } /** * tracing_on - enable tracing buffers * * This function enables tracing buffers that may have been * disabled with tracing_off. */ void tracing_on(void) { tracer_tracing_on(&global_trace); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_on); static __always_inline void __buffer_unlock_commit(struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event) { __this_cpu_write(trace_taskinfo_save, true); /* If this is the temp buffer, we need to commit fully */ if (this_cpu_read(trace_buffered_event) == event) { /* Length is in event->array[0] */ ring_buffer_write(buffer, event->array[0], &event->array[1]); /* Release the temp buffer */ this_cpu_dec(trace_buffered_event_cnt); } else ring_buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); } /** * __trace_puts - write a constant string into the trace buffer. * @ip: The address of the caller * @str: The constant string to write * @size: The size of the string. */ int __trace_puts(unsigned long ip, const char *str, int size) { struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct print_entry *entry; unsigned long irq_flags; int alloc; int pc; if (!(global_trace.trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK)) return 0; pc = preempt_count(); if (unlikely(tracing_selftest_running || tracing_disabled)) return 0; alloc = sizeof(*entry) + size + 2; /* possible \n added */ local_save_flags(irq_flags); buffer = global_trace.array_buffer.buffer; ring_buffer_nest_start(buffer); event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_PRINT, alloc, irq_flags, pc); if (!event) { size = 0; goto out; } entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); entry->ip = ip; memcpy(&entry->buf, str, size); /* Add a newline if necessary */ if (entry->buf[size - 1] != '\n') { entry->buf[size] = '\n'; entry->buf[size + 1] = '\0'; } else entry->buf[size] = '\0'; __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); ftrace_trace_stack(&global_trace, buffer, irq_flags, 4, pc, NULL); out: ring_buffer_nest_end(buffer); return size; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__trace_puts); /** * __trace_bputs - write the pointer to a constant string into trace buffer * @ip: The address of the caller * @str: The constant string to write to the buffer to */ int __trace_bputs(unsigned long ip, const char *str) { struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct bputs_entry *entry; unsigned long irq_flags; int size = sizeof(struct bputs_entry); int ret = 0; int pc; if (!(global_trace.trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK)) return 0; pc = preempt_count(); if (unlikely(tracing_selftest_running || tracing_disabled)) return 0; local_save_flags(irq_flags); buffer = global_trace.array_buffer.buffer; ring_buffer_nest_start(buffer); event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_BPUTS, size, irq_flags, pc); if (!event) goto out; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); entry->ip = ip; entry->str = str; __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); ftrace_trace_stack(&global_trace, buffer, irq_flags, 4, pc, NULL); ret = 1; out: ring_buffer_nest_end(buffer); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__trace_bputs); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT static void tracing_snapshot_instance_cond(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data) { struct tracer *tracer = tr->current_trace; unsigned long flags; if (in_nmi()) { internal_trace_puts("*** SNAPSHOT CALLED FROM NMI CONTEXT ***\n"); internal_trace_puts("*** snapshot is being ignored ***\n"); return; } if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) { internal_trace_puts("*** SNAPSHOT NOT ALLOCATED ***\n"); internal_trace_puts("*** stopping trace here! ***\n"); tracing_off(); return; } /* Note, snapshot can not be used when the tracer uses it */ if (tracer->use_max_tr) { internal_trace_puts("*** LATENCY TRACER ACTIVE ***\n"); internal_trace_puts("*** Can not use snapshot (sorry) ***\n"); return; } local_irq_save(flags); update_max_tr(tr, current, smp_processor_id(), cond_data); local_irq_restore(flags); } void tracing_snapshot_instance(struct trace_array *tr) { tracing_snapshot_instance_cond(tr, NULL); } /** * tracing_snapshot - take a snapshot of the current buffer. * * This causes a swap between the snapshot buffer and the current live * tracing buffer. You can use this to take snapshots of the live * trace when some condition is triggered, but continue to trace. * * Note, make sure to allocate the snapshot with either * a tracing_snapshot_alloc(), or by doing it manually * with: echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/snapshot * * If the snapshot buffer is not allocated, it will stop tracing. * Basically making a permanent snapshot. */ void tracing_snapshot(void) { struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace; tracing_snapshot_instance(tr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot); /** * tracing_snapshot_cond - conditionally take a snapshot of the current buffer. * @tr: The tracing instance to snapshot * @cond_data: The data to be tested conditionally, and possibly saved * * This is the same as tracing_snapshot() except that the snapshot is * conditional - the snapshot will only happen if the * cond_snapshot.update() implementation receiving the cond_data * returns true, which means that the trace array's cond_snapshot * update() operation used the cond_data to determine whether the * snapshot should be taken, and if it was, presumably saved it along * with the snapshot. */ void tracing_snapshot_cond(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data) { tracing_snapshot_instance_cond(tr, cond_data); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_cond); /** * tracing_snapshot_cond_data - get the user data associated with a snapshot * @tr: The tracing instance * * When the user enables a conditional snapshot using * tracing_snapshot_cond_enable(), the user-defined cond_data is saved * with the snapshot. This accessor is used to retrieve it. * * Should not be called from cond_snapshot.update(), since it takes * the tr->max_lock lock, which the code calling * cond_snapshot.update() has already done. * * Returns the cond_data associated with the trace array's snapshot. */ void *tracing_cond_snapshot_data(struct trace_array *tr) { void *cond_data = NULL; arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); if (tr->cond_snapshot) cond_data = tr->cond_snapshot->cond_data; arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); return cond_data; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_cond_snapshot_data); static int resize_buffer_duplicate_size(struct array_buffer *trace_buf, struct array_buffer *size_buf, int cpu_id); static void set_buffer_entries(struct array_buffer *buf, unsigned long val); int tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(struct trace_array *tr) { int ret; if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) { /* allocate spare buffer */ ret = resize_buffer_duplicate_size(&tr->max_buffer, &tr->array_buffer, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS); if (ret < 0) return ret; tr->allocated_snapshot = true; } return 0; } static void free_snapshot(struct trace_array *tr) { /* * We don't free the ring buffer. instead, resize it because * The max_tr ring buffer has some state (e.g. ring->clock) and * we want preserve it. */ ring_buffer_resize(tr->max_buffer.buffer, 1, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS); set_buffer_entries(&tr->max_buffer, 1); tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->max_buffer); tr->allocated_snapshot = false; } /** * tracing_alloc_snapshot - allocate snapshot buffer. * * This only allocates the snapshot buffer if it isn't already * allocated - it doesn't also take a snapshot. * * This is meant to be used in cases where the snapshot buffer needs * to be set up for events that can't sleep but need to be able to * trigger a snapshot. */ int tracing_alloc_snapshot(void) { struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace; int ret; ret = tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(tr); WARN_ON(ret < 0); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_alloc_snapshot); /** * tracing_snapshot_alloc - allocate and take a snapshot of the current buffer. * * This is similar to tracing_snapshot(), but it will allocate the * snapshot buffer if it isn't already allocated. Use this only * where it is safe to sleep, as the allocation may sleep. * * This causes a swap between the snapshot buffer and the current live * tracing buffer. You can use this to take snapshots of the live * trace when some condition is triggered, but continue to trace. */ void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void) { int ret; ret = tracing_alloc_snapshot(); if (ret < 0) return; tracing_snapshot(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_alloc); /** * tracing_snapshot_cond_enable - enable conditional snapshot for an instance * @tr: The tracing instance * @cond_data: User data to associate with the snapshot * @update: Implementation of the cond_snapshot update function * * Check whether the conditional snapshot for the given instance has * already been enabled, or if the current tracer is already using a * snapshot; if so, return -EBUSY, else create a cond_snapshot and * save the cond_data and update function inside. * * Returns 0 if successful, error otherwise. */ int tracing_snapshot_cond_enable(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data, cond_update_fn_t update) { struct cond_snapshot *cond_snapshot; int ret = 0; cond_snapshot = kzalloc(sizeof(*cond_snapshot), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cond_snapshot) return -ENOMEM; cond_snapshot->cond_data = cond_data; cond_snapshot->update = update; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(tr); if (ret) goto fail_unlock; if (tr->current_trace->use_max_tr) { ret = -EBUSY; goto fail_unlock; } /* * The cond_snapshot can only change to NULL without the * trace_types_lock. We don't care if we race with it going * to NULL, but we want to make sure that it's not set to * something other than NULL when we get here, which we can * do safely with only holding the trace_types_lock and not * having to take the max_lock. */ if (tr->cond_snapshot) { ret = -EBUSY; goto fail_unlock; } arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); tr->cond_snapshot = cond_snapshot; arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; fail_unlock: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); kfree(cond_snapshot); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_cond_enable); /** * tracing_snapshot_cond_disable - disable conditional snapshot for an instance * @tr: The tracing instance * * Check whether the conditional snapshot for the given instance is * enabled; if so, free the cond_snapshot associated with it, * otherwise return -EINVAL. * * Returns 0 if successful, error otherwise. */ int tracing_snapshot_cond_disable(struct trace_array *tr) { int ret = 0; arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); if (!tr->cond_snapshot) ret = -EINVAL; else { kfree(tr->cond_snapshot); tr->cond_snapshot = NULL; } arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_cond_disable); #else void tracing_snapshot(void) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Snapshot feature not enabled, but internal snapshot used"); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot); void tracing_snapshot_cond(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Snapshot feature not enabled, but internal conditional snapshot used"); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_cond); int tracing_alloc_snapshot(void) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Snapshot feature not enabled, but snapshot allocation used"); return -ENODEV; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_alloc_snapshot); void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void) { /* Give warning */ tracing_snapshot(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_alloc); void *tracing_cond_snapshot_data(struct trace_array *tr) { return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_cond_snapshot_data); int tracing_snapshot_cond_enable(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data, cond_update_fn_t update) { return -ENODEV; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_cond_enable); int tracing_snapshot_cond_disable(struct trace_array *tr) { return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_cond_disable); #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */ void tracer_tracing_off(struct trace_array *tr) { if (tr->array_buffer.buffer) ring_buffer_record_off(tr->array_buffer.buffer); /* * This flag is looked at when buffers haven't been allocated * yet, or by some tracers (like irqsoff), that just want to * know if the ring buffer has been disabled, but it can handle * races of where it gets disabled but we still do a record. * As the check is in the fast path of the tracers, it is more * important to be fast than accurate. */ tr->buffer_disabled = 1; /* Make the flag seen by readers */ smp_wmb(); } /** * tracing_off - turn off tracing buffers * * This function stops the tracing buffers from recording data. * It does not disable any overhead the tracers themselves may * be causing. This function simply causes all recording to * the ring buffers to fail. */ void tracing_off(void) { tracer_tracing_off(&global_trace); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_off); void disable_trace_on_warning(void) { if (__disable_trace_on_warning) { trace_array_printk_buf(global_trace.array_buffer.buffer, _THIS_IP_, "Disabling tracing due to warning\n"); tracing_off(); } } /** * tracer_tracing_is_on - show real state of ring buffer enabled * @tr : the trace array to know if ring buffer is enabled * * Shows real state of the ring buffer if it is enabled or not. */ bool tracer_tracing_is_on(struct trace_array *tr) { if (tr->array_buffer.buffer) return ring_buffer_record_is_on(tr->array_buffer.buffer); return !tr->buffer_disabled; } /** * tracing_is_on - show state of ring buffers enabled */ int tracing_is_on(void) { return tracer_tracing_is_on(&global_trace); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_is_on); static int __init set_buf_size(char *str) { unsigned long buf_size; if (!str) return 0; buf_size = memparse(str, &str); /* nr_entries can not be zero */ if (buf_size == 0) return 0; trace_buf_size = buf_size; return 1; } __setup("trace_buf_size=", set_buf_size); static int __init set_tracing_thresh(char *str) { unsigned long threshold; int ret; if (!str) return 0; ret = kstrtoul(str, 0, &threshold); if (ret < 0) return 0; tracing_thresh = threshold * 1000; return 1; } __setup("tracing_thresh=", set_tracing_thresh); unsigned long nsecs_to_usecs(unsigned long nsecs) { return nsecs / 1000; } /* * TRACE_FLAGS is defined as a tuple matching bit masks with strings. * It uses C(a, b) where 'a' is the eval (enum) name and 'b' is the string that * matches it. By defining "C(a, b) b", TRACE_FLAGS becomes a list * of strings in the order that the evals (enum) were defined. */ #undef C #define C(a, b) b /* These must match the bit postions in trace_iterator_flags */ static const char *trace_options[] = { TRACE_FLAGS NULL }; static struct { u64 (*func)(void); const char *name; int in_ns; /* is this clock in nanoseconds? */ } trace_clocks[] = { { trace_clock_local, "local", 1 }, { trace_clock_global, "global", 1 }, { trace_clock_counter, "counter", 0 }, { trace_clock_jiffies, "uptime", 0 }, { trace_clock, "perf", 1 }, { ktime_get_mono_fast_ns, "mono", 1 }, { ktime_get_raw_fast_ns, "mono_raw", 1 }, { ktime_get_boot_fast_ns, "boot", 1 }, ARCH_TRACE_CLOCKS }; bool trace_clock_in_ns(struct trace_array *tr) { if (trace_clocks[tr->clock_id].in_ns) return true; return false; } /* * trace_parser_get_init - gets the buffer for trace parser */ int trace_parser_get_init(struct trace_parser *parser, int size) { memset(parser, 0, sizeof(*parser)); parser->buffer = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!parser->buffer) return 1; parser->size = size; return 0; } /* * trace_parser_put - frees the buffer for trace parser */ void trace_parser_put(struct trace_parser *parser) { kfree(parser->buffer); parser->buffer = NULL; } /* * trace_get_user - reads the user input string separated by space * (matched by isspace(ch)) * * For each string found the 'struct trace_parser' is updated, * and the function returns. * * Returns number of bytes read. * * See kernel/trace/trace.h for 'struct trace_parser' details. */ int trace_get_user(struct trace_parser *parser, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { char ch; size_t read = 0; ssize_t ret; if (!*ppos) trace_parser_clear(parser); ret = get_user(ch, ubuf++); if (ret) goto out; read++; cnt--; /* * The parser is not finished with the last write, * continue reading the user input without skipping spaces. */ if (!parser->cont) { /* skip white space */ while (cnt && isspace(ch)) { ret = get_user(ch, ubuf++); if (ret) goto out; read++; cnt--; } parser->idx = 0; /* only spaces were written */ if (isspace(ch) || !ch) { *ppos += read; ret = read; goto out; } } /* read the non-space input */ while (cnt && !isspace(ch) && ch) { if (parser->idx < parser->size - 1) parser->buffer[parser->idx++] = ch; else { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } ret = get_user(ch, ubuf++); if (ret) goto out; read++; cnt--; } /* We either got finished input or we have to wait for another call. */ if (isspace(ch) || !ch) { parser->buffer[parser->idx] = 0; parser->cont = false; } else if (parser->idx < parser->size - 1) { parser->cont = true; parser->buffer[parser->idx++] = ch; /* Make sure the parsed string always terminates with '\0'. */ parser->buffer[parser->idx] = 0; } else { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } *ppos += read; ret = read; out: return ret; } /* TODO add a seq_buf_to_buffer() */ static ssize_t trace_seq_to_buffer(struct trace_seq *s, void *buf, size_t cnt) { int len; if (trace_seq_used(s) <= s->seq.readpos) return -EBUSY; len = trace_seq_used(s) - s->seq.readpos; if (cnt > len) cnt = len; memcpy(buf, s->buffer + s->seq.readpos, cnt); s->seq.readpos += cnt; return cnt; } unsigned long __read_mostly tracing_thresh; static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops; #if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \ defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY) static struct workqueue_struct *fsnotify_wq; static void latency_fsnotify_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct trace_array *tr = container_of(work, struct trace_array, fsnotify_work); fsnotify_inode(tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FS_MODIFY); } static void latency_fsnotify_workfn_irq(struct irq_work *iwork) { struct trace_array *tr = container_of(iwork, struct trace_array, fsnotify_irqwork); queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work); } static void trace_create_maxlat_file(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer) { INIT_WORK(&tr->fsnotify_work, latency_fsnotify_workfn); init_irq_work(&tr->fsnotify_irqwork, latency_fsnotify_workfn_irq); tr->d_max_latency = trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer, &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops); } __init static int latency_fsnotify_init(void) { fsnotify_wq = alloc_workqueue("tr_max_lat_wq", WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0); if (!fsnotify_wq) { pr_err("Unable to allocate tr_max_lat_wq\n"); return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } late_initcall_sync(latency_fsnotify_init); void latency_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr) { if (!fsnotify_wq) return; /* * We cannot call queue_work(&tr->fsnotify_work) from here because it's * possible that we are called from __schedule() or do_idle(), which * could cause a deadlock. */ irq_work_queue(&tr->fsnotify_irqwork); } /* * (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \ * defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY) */ #else #define trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer) \ trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer, \ &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE /* * Copy the new maximum trace into the separate maximum-trace * structure. (this way the maximum trace is permanently saved, * for later retrieval via /sys/kernel/tracing/tracing_max_latency) */ static void __update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu) { struct array_buffer *trace_buf = &tr->array_buffer; struct array_buffer *max_buf = &tr->max_buffer; struct trace_array_cpu *data = per_cpu_ptr(trace_buf->data, cpu); struct trace_array_cpu *max_data = per_cpu_ptr(max_buf->data, cpu); max_buf->cpu = cpu; max_buf->time_start = data->preempt_timestamp; max_data->saved_latency = tr->max_latency; max_data->critical_start = data->critical_start; max_data->critical_end = data->critical_end; strncpy(max_data->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); max_data->pid = tsk->pid; /* * If tsk == current, then use current_uid(), as that does not use * RCU. The irq tracer can be called out of RCU scope. */ if (tsk == current) max_data->uid = current_uid(); else max_data->uid = task_uid(tsk); max_data->nice = tsk->static_prio - 20 - MAX_RT_PRIO; max_data->policy = tsk->policy; max_data->rt_priority = tsk->rt_priority; /* record this tasks comm */ tracing_record_cmdline(tsk); latency_fsnotify(tr); } /** * update_max_tr - snapshot all trace buffers from global_trace to max_tr * @tr: tracer * @tsk: the task with the latency * @cpu: The cpu that initiated the trace. * @cond_data: User data associated with a conditional snapshot * * Flip the buffers between the @tr and the max_tr and record information * about which task was the cause of this latency. */ void update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu, void *cond_data) { if (tr->stop_count) return; WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled()); if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) { /* Only the nop tracer should hit this when disabling */ WARN_ON_ONCE(tr->current_trace != &nop_trace); return; } arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); /* Inherit the recordable setting from array_buffer */ if (ring_buffer_record_is_set_on(tr->array_buffer.buffer)) ring_buffer_record_on(tr->max_buffer.buffer); else ring_buffer_record_off(tr->max_buffer.buffer); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT if (tr->cond_snapshot && !tr->cond_snapshot->update(tr, cond_data)) goto out_unlock; #endif swap(tr->array_buffer.buffer, tr->max_buffer.buffer); __update_max_tr(tr, tsk, cpu); out_unlock: arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); } /** * update_max_tr_single - only copy one trace over, and reset the rest * @tr: tracer * @tsk: task with the latency * @cpu: the cpu of the buffer to copy. * * Flip the trace of a single CPU buffer between the @tr and the max_tr. */ void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu) { int ret; if (tr->stop_count) return; WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled()); if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) { /* Only the nop tracer should hit this when disabling */ WARN_ON_ONCE(tr->current_trace != &nop_trace); return; } arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); ret = ring_buffer_swap_cpu(tr->max_buffer.buffer, tr->array_buffer.buffer, cpu); if (ret == -EBUSY) { /* * We failed to swap the buffer due to a commit taking * place on this CPU. We fail to record, but we reset * the max trace buffer (no one writes directly to it) * and flag that it failed. */ trace_array_printk_buf(tr->max_buffer.buffer, _THIS_IP_, "Failed to swap buffers due to commit in progress\n"); } WARN_ON_ONCE(ret && ret != -EAGAIN && ret != -EBUSY); __update_max_tr(tr, tsk, cpu); arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */ static int wait_on_pipe(struct trace_iterator *iter, int full) { /* Iterators are static, they should be filled or empty */ if (trace_buffer_iter(iter, iter->cpu_file)) return 0; return ring_buffer_wait(iter->array_buffer->buffer, iter->cpu_file, full); } #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST static bool selftests_can_run; struct trace_selftests { struct list_head list; struct tracer *type; }; static LIST_HEAD(postponed_selftests); static int save_selftest(struct tracer *type) { struct trace_selftests *selftest; selftest = kmalloc(sizeof(*selftest), GFP_KERNEL); if (!selftest) return -ENOMEM; selftest->type = type; list_add(&selftest->list, &postponed_selftests); return 0; } static int run_tracer_selftest(struct tracer *type) { struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace; struct tracer *saved_tracer = tr->current_trace; int ret; if (!type->selftest || tracing_selftest_disabled) return 0; /* * If a tracer registers early in boot up (before scheduling is * initialized and such), then do not run its selftests yet. * Instead, run it a little later in the boot process. */ if (!selftests_can_run) return save_selftest(type); /* * Run a selftest on this tracer. * Here we reset the trace buffer, and set the current * tracer to be this tracer. The tracer can then run some * internal tracing to verify that everything is in order. * If we fail, we do not register this tracer. */ tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->array_buffer); tr->current_trace = type; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (type->use_max_tr) { /* If we expanded the buffers, make sure the max is expanded too */ if (ring_buffer_expanded) ring_buffer_resize(tr->max_buffer.buffer, trace_buf_size, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS); tr->allocated_snapshot = true; } #endif /* the test is responsible for initializing and enabling */ pr_info("Testing tracer %s: ", type->name); ret = type->selftest(type, tr); /* the test is responsible for resetting too */ tr->current_trace = saved_tracer; if (ret) { printk(KERN_CONT "FAILED!\n"); /* Add the warning after printing 'FAILED' */ WARN_ON(1); return -1; } /* Only reset on passing, to avoid touching corrupted buffers */ tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->array_buffer); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (type->use_max_tr) { tr->allocated_snapshot = false; /* Shrink the max buffer again */ if (ring_buffer_expanded) ring_buffer_resize(tr->max_buffer.buffer, 1, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS); } #endif printk(KERN_CONT "PASSED\n"); return 0; } static __init int init_trace_selftests(void) { struct trace_selftests *p, *n; struct tracer *t, **last; int ret; selftests_can_run = true; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (list_empty(&postponed_selftests)) goto out; pr_info("Running postponed tracer tests:\n"); tracing_selftest_running = true; list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &postponed_selftests, list) { /* This loop can take minutes when sanitizers are enabled, so * lets make sure we allow RCU processing. */ cond_resched(); ret = run_tracer_selftest(p->type); /* If the test fails, then warn and remove from available_tracers */ if (ret < 0) { WARN(1, "tracer: %s failed selftest, disabling\n", p->type->name); last = &trace_types; for (t = trace_types; t; t = t->next) { if (t == p->type) { *last = t->next; break; } last = &t->next; } } list_del(&p->list); kfree(p); } tracing_selftest_running = false; out: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return 0; } core_initcall(init_trace_selftests); #else static inline int run_tracer_selftest(struct tracer *type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST */ static void add_tracer_options(struct trace_array *tr, struct tracer *t); static void __init apply_trace_boot_options(void); /** * register_tracer - register a tracer with the ftrace system. * @type: the plugin for the tracer * * Register a new plugin tracer. */ int __init register_tracer(struct tracer *type) { struct tracer *t; int ret = 0; if (!type->name) { pr_info("Tracer must have a name\n"); return -1; } if (strlen(type->name) >= MAX_TRACER_SIZE) { pr_info("Tracer has a name longer than %d\n", MAX_TRACER_SIZE); return -1; } if (security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TRACEFS)) { pr_warn("Can not register tracer %s due to lockdown\n", type->name); return -EPERM; } mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); tracing_selftest_running = true; for (t = trace_types; t; t = t->next) { if (strcmp(type->name, t->name) == 0) { /* already found */ pr_info("Tracer %s already registered\n", type->name); ret = -1; goto out; } } if (!type->set_flag) type->set_flag = &dummy_set_flag; if (!type->flags) { /*allocate a dummy tracer_flags*/ type->flags = kmalloc(sizeof(*type->flags), GFP_KERNEL); if (!type->flags) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } type->flags->val = 0; type->flags->opts = dummy_tracer_opt; } else if (!type->flags->opts) type->flags->opts = dummy_tracer_opt; /* store the tracer for __set_tracer_option */ type->flags->trace = type; ret = run_tracer_selftest(type); if (ret < 0) goto out; type->next = trace_types; trace_types = type; add_tracer_options(&global_trace, type); out: tracing_selftest_running = false; mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); if (ret || !default_bootup_tracer) goto out_unlock; if (strncmp(default_bootup_tracer, type->name, MAX_TRACER_SIZE)) goto out_unlock; printk(KERN_INFO "Starting tracer '%s'\n", type->name); /* Do we want this tracer to start on bootup? */ tracing_set_tracer(&global_trace, type->name); default_bootup_tracer = NULL; apply_trace_boot_options(); /* disable other selftests, since this will break it. */ disable_tracing_selftest("running a tracer"); out_unlock: return ret; } static void tracing_reset_cpu(struct array_buffer *buf, int cpu) { struct trace_buffer *buffer = buf->buffer; if (!buffer) return; ring_buffer_record_disable(buffer); /* Make sure all commits have finished */ synchronize_rcu(); ring_buffer_reset_cpu(buffer, cpu); ring_buffer_record_enable(buffer); } void tracing_reset_online_cpus(struct array_buffer *buf) { struct trace_buffer *buffer = buf->buffer; if (!buffer) return; ring_buffer_record_disable(buffer); /* Make sure all commits have finished */ synchronize_rcu(); buf->time_start = buffer_ftrace_now(buf, buf->cpu); ring_buffer_reset_online_cpus(buffer); ring_buffer_record_enable(buffer); } /* Must have trace_types_lock held */ void tracing_reset_all_online_cpus(void) { struct trace_array *tr; list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) { if (!tr->clear_trace) continue; tr->clear_trace = false; tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->array_buffer); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->max_buffer); #endif } } /* * The tgid_map array maps from pid to tgid; i.e. the value stored at index i * is the tgid last observed corresponding to pid=i. */ static int *tgid_map; /* The maximum valid index into tgid_map. */ static size_t tgid_map_max; #define SAVED_CMDLINES_DEFAULT 128 #define NO_CMDLINE_MAP UINT_MAX static arch_spinlock_t trace_cmdline_lock = __ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED; struct saved_cmdlines_buffer { unsigned map_pid_to_cmdline[PID_MAX_DEFAULT+1]; unsigned *map_cmdline_to_pid; unsigned cmdline_num; int cmdline_idx; char *saved_cmdlines; }; static struct saved_cmdlines_buffer *savedcmd; static inline char *get_saved_cmdlines(int idx) { return &savedcmd->saved_cmdlines[idx * TASK_COMM_LEN]; } static inline void set_cmdline(int idx, const char *cmdline) { strncpy(get_saved_cmdlines(idx), cmdline, TASK_COMM_LEN); } static int allocate_cmdlines_buffer(unsigned int val, struct saved_cmdlines_buffer *s) { s->map_cmdline_to_pid = kmalloc_array(val, sizeof(*s->map_cmdline_to_pid), GFP_KERNEL); if (!s->map_cmdline_to_pid) return -ENOMEM; s->saved_cmdlines = kmalloc_array(TASK_COMM_LEN, val, GFP_KERNEL); if (!s->saved_cmdlines) { kfree(s->map_cmdline_to_pid); return -ENOMEM; } s->cmdline_idx = 0; s->cmdline_num = val; memset(&s->map_pid_to_cmdline, NO_CMDLINE_MAP, sizeof(s->map_pid_to_cmdline)); memset(s->map_cmdline_to_pid, NO_CMDLINE_MAP, val * sizeof(*s->map_cmdline_to_pid)); return 0; } static int trace_create_savedcmd(void) { int ret; savedcmd = kmalloc(sizeof(*savedcmd), GFP_KERNEL); if (!savedcmd) return -ENOMEM; ret = allocate_cmdlines_buffer(SAVED_CMDLINES_DEFAULT, savedcmd); if (ret < 0) { kfree(savedcmd); savedcmd = NULL; return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } int is_tracing_stopped(void) { return global_trace.stop_count; } /** * tracing_start - quick start of the tracer * * If tracing is enabled but was stopped by tracing_stop, * this will start the tracer back up. */ void tracing_start(void) { struct trace_buffer *buffer; unsigned long flags; if (tracing_disabled) return; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&global_trace.start_lock, flags); if (--global_trace.stop_count) { if (global_trace.stop_count < 0) { /* Someone screwed up their debugging */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); global_trace.stop_count = 0; } goto out; } /* Prevent the buffers from switching */ arch_spin_lock(&global_trace.max_lock); buffer = global_trace.array_buffer.buffer; if (buffer) ring_buffer_record_enable(buffer); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE buffer = global_trace.max_buffer.buffer; if (buffer) ring_buffer_record_enable(buffer); #endif arch_spin_unlock(&global_trace.max_lock); out: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&global_trace.start_lock, flags); } static void tracing_start_tr(struct trace_array *tr) { struct trace_buffer *buffer; unsigned long flags; if (tracing_disabled) return; /* If global, we need to also start the max tracer */ if (tr->flags & TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL) return tracing_start(); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&tr->start_lock, flags); if (--tr->stop_count) { if (tr->stop_count < 0) { /* Someone screwed up their debugging */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); tr->stop_count = 0; } goto out; } buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; if (buffer) ring_buffer_record_enable(buffer); out: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tr->start_lock, flags); } /** * tracing_stop - quick stop of the tracer * * Light weight way to stop tracing. Use in conjunction with * tracing_start. */ void tracing_stop(void) { struct trace_buffer *buffer; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&global_trace.start_lock, flags); if (global_trace.stop_count++) goto out; /* Prevent the buffers from switching */ arch_spin_lock(&global_trace.max_lock); buffer = global_trace.array_buffer.buffer; if (buffer) ring_buffer_record_disable(buffer); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE buffer = global_trace.max_buffer.buffer; if (buffer) ring_buffer_record_disable(buffer); #endif arch_spin_unlock(&global_trace.max_lock); out: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&global_trace.start_lock, flags); } static void tracing_stop_tr(struct trace_array *tr) { struct trace_buffer *buffer; unsigned long flags; /* If global, we need to also stop the max tracer */ if (tr->flags & TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL) return tracing_stop(); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&tr->start_lock, flags); if (tr->stop_count++) goto out; buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; if (buffer) ring_buffer_record_disable(buffer); out: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tr->start_lock, flags); } static int trace_save_cmdline(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned tpid, idx; /* treat recording of idle task as a success */ if (!tsk->pid) return 1; tpid = tsk->pid & (PID_MAX_DEFAULT - 1); /* * It's not the end of the world if we don't get * the lock, but we also don't want to spin * nor do we want to disable interrupts, * so if we miss here, then better luck next time. */ if (!arch_spin_trylock(&trace_cmdline_lock)) return 0; idx = savedcmd->map_pid_to_cmdline[tpid]; if (idx == NO_CMDLINE_MAP) { idx = (savedcmd->cmdline_idx + 1) % savedcmd->cmdline_num; savedcmd->map_pid_to_cmdline[tpid] = idx; savedcmd->cmdline_idx = idx; } savedcmd->map_cmdline_to_pid[idx] = tsk->pid; set_cmdline(idx, tsk->comm); arch_spin_unlock(&trace_cmdline_lock); return 1; } static void __trace_find_cmdline(int pid, char comm[]) { unsigned map; int tpid; if (!pid) { strcpy(comm, "<idle>"); return; } if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pid < 0)) { strcpy(comm, "<XXX>"); return; } tpid = pid & (PID_MAX_DEFAULT - 1); map = savedcmd->map_pid_to_cmdline[tpid]; if (map != NO_CMDLINE_MAP) { tpid = savedcmd->map_cmdline_to_pid[map]; if (tpid == pid) { strlcpy(comm, get_saved_cmdlines(map), TASK_COMM_LEN); return; } } strcpy(comm, "<...>"); } void trace_find_cmdline(int pid, char comm[]) { preempt_disable(); arch_spin_lock(&trace_cmdline_lock); __trace_find_cmdline(pid, comm); arch_spin_unlock(&trace_cmdline_lock); preempt_enable(); } static int *trace_find_tgid_ptr(int pid) { /* * Pairs with the smp_store_release in set_tracer_flag() to ensure that * if we observe a non-NULL tgid_map then we also observe the correct * tgid_map_max. */ int *map = smp_load_acquire(&tgid_map); if (unlikely(!map || pid > tgid_map_max)) return NULL; return &map[pid]; } int trace_find_tgid(int pid) { int *ptr = trace_find_tgid_ptr(pid); return ptr ? *ptr : 0; } static int trace_save_tgid(struct task_struct *tsk) { int *ptr; /* treat recording of idle task as a success */ if (!tsk->pid) return 1; ptr = trace_find_tgid_ptr(tsk->pid); if (!ptr) return 0; *ptr = tsk->tgid; return 1; } static bool tracing_record_taskinfo_skip(int flags) { if (unlikely(!(flags & (TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE | TRACE_RECORD_TGID)))) return true; if (!__this_cpu_read(trace_taskinfo_save)) return true; return false; } /** * tracing_record_taskinfo - record the task info of a task * * @task: task to record * @flags: TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE for recording comm * TRACE_RECORD_TGID for recording tgid */ void tracing_record_taskinfo(struct task_struct *task, int flags) { bool done; if (tracing_record_taskinfo_skip(flags)) return; /* * Record as much task information as possible. If some fail, continue * to try to record the others. */ done = !(flags & TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE) || trace_save_cmdline(task); done &= !(flags & TRACE_RECORD_TGID) || trace_save_tgid(task); /* If recording any information failed, retry again soon. */ if (!done) return; __this_cpu_write(trace_taskinfo_save, false); } /** * tracing_record_taskinfo_sched_switch - record task info for sched_switch * * @prev: previous task during sched_switch * @next: next task during sched_switch * @flags: TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE for recording comm * TRACE_RECORD_TGID for recording tgid */ void tracing_record_taskinfo_sched_switch(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next, int flags) { bool done; if (tracing_record_taskinfo_skip(flags)) return; /* * Record as much task information as possible. If some fail, continue * to try to record the others. */ done = !(flags & TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE) || trace_save_cmdline(prev); done &= !(flags & TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE) || trace_save_cmdline(next); done &= !(flags & TRACE_RECORD_TGID) || trace_save_tgid(prev); done &= !(flags & TRACE_RECORD_TGID) || trace_save_tgid(next); /* If recording any information failed, retry again soon. */ if (!done) return; __this_cpu_write(trace_taskinfo_save, false); } /* Helpers to record a specific task information */ void tracing_record_cmdline(struct task_struct *task) { tracing_record_taskinfo(task, TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE); } void tracing_record_tgid(struct task_struct *task) { tracing_record_taskinfo(task, TRACE_RECORD_TGID); } /* * Several functions return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE if the trace_seq * overflowed, and TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED otherwise. This helper function * simplifies those functions and keeps them in sync. */ enum print_line_t trace_handle_return(struct trace_seq *s) { return trace_seq_has_overflowed(s) ? TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE : TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_handle_return); void tracing_generic_entry_update(struct trace_entry *entry, unsigned short type, unsigned long flags, int pc) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; entry->preempt_count = pc & 0xff; entry->pid = (tsk) ? tsk->pid : 0; entry->type = type; entry->flags = #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT (irqs_disabled_flags(flags) ? TRACE_FLAG_IRQS_OFF : 0) | #else TRACE_FLAG_IRQS_NOSUPPORT | #endif ((pc & NMI_MASK ) ? TRACE_FLAG_NMI : 0) | ((pc & HARDIRQ_MASK) ? TRACE_FLAG_HARDIRQ : 0) | ((pc & SOFTIRQ_OFFSET) ? TRACE_FLAG_SOFTIRQ : 0) | (tif_need_resched() ? TRACE_FLAG_NEED_RESCHED : 0) | (test_preempt_need_resched() ? TRACE_FLAG_PREEMPT_RESCHED : 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_generic_entry_update); struct ring_buffer_event * trace_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer *buffer, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc) { return __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, type, len, flags, pc); } DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct ring_buffer_event *, trace_buffered_event); DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, trace_buffered_event_cnt); static int trace_buffered_event_ref; /** * trace_buffered_event_enable - enable buffering events * * When events are being filtered, it is quicker to use a temporary * buffer to write the event data into if there's a likely chance * that it will not be committed. The discard of the ring buffer * is not as fast as committing, and is much slower than copying * a commit. * * When an event is to be filtered, allocate per cpu buffers to * write the event data into, and if the event is filtered and discarded * it is simply dropped, otherwise, the entire data is to be committed * in one shot. */ void trace_buffered_event_enable(void) { struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct page *page; int cpu; WARN_ON_ONCE(!mutex_is_locked(&event_mutex)); if (trace_buffered_event_ref++) return; for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { page = alloc_pages_node(cpu_to_node(cpu), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY, 0); if (!page) goto failed; event = page_address(page); memset(event, 0, sizeof(*event)); per_cpu(trace_buffered_event, cpu) = event; preempt_disable(); if (cpu == smp_processor_id() && __this_cpu_read(trace_buffered_event) != per_cpu(trace_buffered_event, cpu)) WARN_ON_ONCE(1); preempt_enable(); } return; failed: trace_buffered_event_disable(); } static void enable_trace_buffered_event(void *data) { /* Probably not needed, but do it anyway */ smp_rmb(); this_cpu_dec(trace_buffered_event_cnt); } static void disable_trace_buffered_event(void *data) { this_cpu_inc(trace_buffered_event_cnt); } /** * trace_buffered_event_disable - disable buffering events * * When a filter is removed, it is faster to not use the buffered * events, and to commit directly into the ring buffer. Free up * the temp buffers when there are no more users. This requires * special synchronization with current events. */ void trace_buffered_event_disable(void) { int cpu; WARN_ON_ONCE(!mutex_is_locked(&event_mutex)); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!trace_buffered_event_ref)) return; if (--trace_buffered_event_ref) return; preempt_disable(); /* For each CPU, set the buffer as used. */ smp_call_function_many(tracing_buffer_mask, disable_trace_buffered_event, NULL, 1); preempt_enable(); /* Wait for all current users to finish */ synchronize_rcu(); for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { free_page((unsigned long)per_cpu(trace_buffered_event, cpu)); per_cpu(trace_buffered_event, cpu) = NULL; } /* * Make sure trace_buffered_event is NULL before clearing * trace_buffered_event_cnt. */ smp_wmb(); preempt_disable(); /* Do the work on each cpu */ smp_call_function_many(tracing_buffer_mask, enable_trace_buffered_event, NULL, 1); preempt_enable(); } static struct trace_buffer *temp_buffer; struct ring_buffer_event * trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer **current_rb, struct trace_event_file *trace_file, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc) { struct ring_buffer_event *entry; int val; *current_rb = trace_file->tr->array_buffer.buffer; if (!ring_buffer_time_stamp_abs(*current_rb) && (trace_file->flags & (EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED | EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED)) && (entry = this_cpu_read(trace_buffered_event))) { /* Try to use the per cpu buffer first */ val = this_cpu_inc_return(trace_buffered_event_cnt); if ((len < (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(*entry) - sizeof(entry->array[0]))) && val == 1) { trace_event_setup(entry, type, flags, pc); entry->array[0] = len; return entry; } this_cpu_dec(trace_buffered_event_cnt); } entry = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(*current_rb, type, len, flags, pc); /* * If tracing is off, but we have triggers enabled * we still need to look at the event data. Use the temp_buffer * to store the trace event for the trigger to use. It's recursive * safe and will not be recorded anywhere. */ if (!entry && trace_file->flags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND) { *current_rb = temp_buffer; entry = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(*current_rb, type, len, flags, pc); } return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(tracepoint_iter_lock); static DEFINE_MUTEX(tracepoint_printk_mutex); static void output_printk(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer) { struct trace_event_call *event_call; struct trace_event_file *file; struct trace_event *event; unsigned long flags; struct trace_iterator *iter = tracepoint_print_iter; /* We should never get here if iter is NULL */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!iter)) return; event_call = fbuffer->trace_file->event_call; if (!event_call || !event_call->event.funcs || !event_call->event.funcs->trace) return; file = fbuffer->trace_file; if (test_bit(EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT, &file->flags) || (unlikely(file->flags & EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED) && !filter_match_preds(file->filter, fbuffer->entry))) return; event = &fbuffer->trace_file->event_call->event; spin_lock_irqsave(&tracepoint_iter_lock, flags); trace_seq_init(&iter->seq); iter->ent = fbuffer->entry; event_call->event.funcs->trace(iter, 0, event); trace_seq_putc(&iter->seq, 0); printk("%s", iter->seq.buffer); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tracepoint_iter_lock, flags); } int tracepoint_printk_sysctl(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int save_tracepoint_printk; int ret; mutex_lock(&tracepoint_printk_mutex); save_tracepoint_printk = tracepoint_printk; ret = proc_dointvec(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); /* * This will force exiting early, as tracepoint_printk * is always zero when tracepoint_printk_iter is not allocated */ if (!tracepoint_print_iter) tracepoint_printk = 0; if (save_tracepoint_printk == tracepoint_printk) goto out; if (tracepoint_printk) static_key_enable(&tracepoint_printk_key.key); else static_key_disable(&tracepoint_printk_key.key); out: mutex_unlock(&tracepoint_printk_mutex); return ret; } void trace_event_buffer_commit(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer) { if (static_key_false(&tracepoint_printk_key.key)) output_printk(fbuffer); if (static_branch_unlikely(&trace_event_exports_enabled)) ftrace_exports(fbuffer->event, TRACE_EXPORT_EVENT); event_trigger_unlock_commit_regs(fbuffer->trace_file, fbuffer->buffer, fbuffer->event, fbuffer->entry, fbuffer->flags, fbuffer->pc, fbuffer->regs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_event_buffer_commit); /* * Skip 3: * * trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs() * trace_event_buffer_commit() * trace_event_raw_event_xxx() */ # define STACK_SKIP 3 void trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, unsigned long flags, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs) { __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); /* * If regs is not set, then skip the necessary functions. * Note, we can still get here via blktrace, wakeup tracer * and mmiotrace, but that's ok if they lose a function or * two. They are not that meaningful. */ ftrace_trace_stack(tr, buffer, flags, regs ? 0 : STACK_SKIP, pc, regs); ftrace_trace_userstack(tr, buffer, flags, pc); } /* * Similar to trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs() but do not dump stack. */ void trace_buffer_unlock_commit_nostack(struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event) { __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); } void trace_function(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, unsigned long flags, int pc) { struct trace_event_call *call = &event_function; struct trace_buffer *buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct ftrace_entry *entry; event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_FN, sizeof(*entry), flags, pc); if (!event) return; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); entry->ip = ip; entry->parent_ip = parent_ip; if (!call_filter_check_discard(call, entry, buffer, event)) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&trace_function_exports_enabled)) ftrace_exports(event, TRACE_EXPORT_FUNCTION); __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); } } #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE /* Allow 4 levels of nesting: normal, softirq, irq, NMI */ #define FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING 4 #define FTRACE_KSTACK_ENTRIES (PAGE_SIZE / FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING) struct ftrace_stack { unsigned long calls[FTRACE_KSTACK_ENTRIES]; }; struct ftrace_stacks { struct ftrace_stack stacks[FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING]; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct ftrace_stacks, ftrace_stacks); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, ftrace_stack_reserve); static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct trace_event_call *call = &event_kernel_stack; struct ring_buffer_event *event; unsigned int size, nr_entries; struct ftrace_stack *fstack; struct stack_entry *entry; int stackidx; /* * Add one, for this function and the call to save_stack_trace() * If regs is set, then these functions will not be in the way. */ #ifndef CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC if (!regs) skip++; #endif preempt_disable_notrace(); stackidx = __this_cpu_inc_return(ftrace_stack_reserve) - 1; /* This should never happen. If it does, yell once and skip */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(stackidx >= FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING)) goto out; /* * The above __this_cpu_inc_return() is 'atomic' cpu local. An * interrupt will either see the value pre increment or post * increment. If the interrupt happens pre increment it will have * restored the counter when it returns. We just need a barrier to * keep gcc from moving things around. */ barrier(); fstack = this_cpu_ptr(ftrace_stacks.stacks) + stackidx; size = ARRAY_SIZE(fstack->calls); if (regs) { nr_entries = stack_trace_save_regs(regs, fstack->calls, size, skip); } else { nr_entries = stack_trace_save(fstack->calls, size, skip); } size = nr_entries * sizeof(unsigned long); event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_STACK, (sizeof(*entry) - sizeof(entry->caller)) + size, flags, pc); if (!event) goto out; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); memcpy(&entry->caller, fstack->calls, size); entry->size = nr_entries; if (!call_filter_check_discard(call, entry, buffer, event)) __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); out: /* Again, don't let gcc optimize things here */ barrier(); __this_cpu_dec(ftrace_stack_reserve); preempt_enable_notrace(); } static inline void ftrace_trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_STACKTRACE)) return; __ftrace_trace_stack(buffer, flags, skip, pc, regs); } void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc) { struct trace_buffer *buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; if (rcu_is_watching()) { __ftrace_trace_stack(buffer, flags, skip, pc, NULL); return; } /* * When an NMI triggers, RCU is enabled via rcu_nmi_enter(), * but if the above rcu_is_watching() failed, then the NMI * triggered someplace critical, and rcu_irq_enter() should * not be called from NMI. */ if (unlikely(in_nmi())) return; rcu_irq_enter_irqson(); __ftrace_trace_stack(buffer, flags, skip, pc, NULL); rcu_irq_exit_irqson(); } /** * trace_dump_stack - record a stack back trace in the trace buffer * @skip: Number of functions to skip (helper handlers) */ void trace_dump_stack(int skip) { unsigned long flags; if (tracing_disabled || tracing_selftest_running) return; local_save_flags(flags); #ifndef CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC /* Skip 1 to skip this function. */ skip++; #endif __ftrace_trace_stack(global_trace.array_buffer.buffer, flags, skip, preempt_count(), NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_dump_stack); #ifdef CONFIG_USER_STACKTRACE_SUPPORT static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, user_stack_count); static void ftrace_trace_userstack(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int pc) { struct trace_event_call *call = &event_user_stack; struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct userstack_entry *entry; if (!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_USERSTACKTRACE)) return; /* * NMIs can not handle page faults, even with fix ups. * The save user stack can (and often does) fault. */ if (unlikely(in_nmi())) return; /* * prevent recursion, since the user stack tracing may * trigger other kernel events. */ preempt_disable(); if (__this_cpu_read(user_stack_count)) goto out; __this_cpu_inc(user_stack_count); event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_USER_STACK, sizeof(*entry), flags, pc); if (!event) goto out_drop_count; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); entry->tgid = current->tgid; memset(&entry->caller, 0, sizeof(entry->caller)); stack_trace_save_user(entry->caller, FTRACE_STACK_ENTRIES); if (!call_filter_check_discard(call, entry, buffer, event)) __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); out_drop_count: __this_cpu_dec(user_stack_count); out: preempt_enable(); } #else /* CONFIG_USER_STACKTRACE_SUPPORT */ static void ftrace_trace_userstack(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long flags, int pc) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_USER_STACKTRACE_SUPPORT */ #endif /* CONFIG_STACKTRACE */ /* created for use with alloc_percpu */ struct trace_buffer_struct { int nesting; char buffer[4][TRACE_BUF_SIZE]; }; static struct trace_buffer_struct *trace_percpu_buffer; /* * Thise allows for lockless recording. If we're nested too deeply, then * this returns NULL. */ static char *get_trace_buf(void) { struct trace_buffer_struct *buffer = this_cpu_ptr(trace_percpu_buffer); if (!buffer || buffer->nesting >= 4) return NULL; buffer->nesting++; /* Interrupts must see nesting incremented before we use the buffer */ barrier(); return &buffer->buffer[buffer->nesting - 1][0]; } static void put_trace_buf(void) { /* Don't let the decrement of nesting leak before this */ barrier(); this_cpu_dec(trace_percpu_buffer->nesting); } static int alloc_percpu_trace_buffer(void) { struct trace_buffer_struct *buffers; if (trace_percpu_buffer) return 0; buffers = alloc_percpu(struct trace_buffer_struct); if (MEM_FAIL(!buffers, "Could not allocate percpu trace_printk buffer")) return -ENOMEM; trace_percpu_buffer = buffers; return 0; } static int buffers_allocated; void trace_printk_init_buffers(void) { if (buffers_allocated) return; if (alloc_percpu_trace_buffer()) return; /* trace_printk() is for debug use only. Don't use it in production. */ pr_warn("\n"); pr_warn("**********************************************************\n"); pr_warn("** NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE **\n"); pr_warn("** **\n"); pr_warn("** trace_printk() being used. Allocating extra memory. **\n"); pr_warn("** **\n"); pr_warn("** This means that this is a DEBUG kernel and it is **\n"); pr_warn("** unsafe for production use. **\n"); pr_warn("** **\n"); pr_warn("** If you see this message and you are not debugging **\n"); pr_warn("** the kernel, report this immediately to your vendor! **\n"); pr_warn("** **\n"); pr_warn("** NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE NOTICE **\n"); pr_warn("**********************************************************\n"); /* Expand the buffers to set size */ tracing_update_buffers(); buffers_allocated = 1; /* * trace_printk_init_buffers() can be called by modules. * If that happens, then we need to start cmdline recording * directly here. If the global_trace.buffer is already * allocated here, then this was called by module code. */ if (global_trace.array_buffer.buffer) tracing_start_cmdline_record(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_printk_init_buffers); void trace_printk_start_comm(void) { /* Start tracing comms if trace printk is set */ if (!buffers_allocated) return; tracing_start_cmdline_record(); } static void trace_printk_start_stop_comm(int enabled) { if (!buffers_allocated) return; if (enabled) tracing_start_cmdline_record(); else tracing_stop_cmdline_record(); } /** * trace_vbprintk - write binary msg to tracing buffer * @ip: The address of the caller * @fmt: The string format to write to the buffer * @args: Arguments for @fmt */ int trace_vbprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args) { struct trace_event_call *call = &event_bprint; struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace; struct bprint_entry *entry; unsigned long flags; char *tbuffer; int len = 0, size, pc; if (unlikely(tracing_selftest_running || tracing_disabled)) return 0; /* Don't pollute graph traces with trace_vprintk internals */ pause_graph_tracing(); pc = preempt_count(); preempt_disable_notrace(); tbuffer = get_trace_buf(); if (!tbuffer) { len = 0; goto out_nobuffer; } len = vbin_printf((u32 *)tbuffer, TRACE_BUF_SIZE/sizeof(int), fmt, args); if (len > TRACE_BUF_SIZE/sizeof(int) || len < 0) goto out_put; local_save_flags(flags); size = sizeof(*entry) + sizeof(u32) * len; buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; ring_buffer_nest_start(buffer); event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_BPRINT, size, flags, pc); if (!event) goto out; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); entry->ip = ip; entry->fmt = fmt; memcpy(entry->buf, tbuffer, sizeof(u32) * len); if (!call_filter_check_discard(call, entry, buffer, event)) { __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); ftrace_trace_stack(tr, buffer, flags, 6, pc, NULL); } out: ring_buffer_nest_end(buffer); out_put: put_trace_buf(); out_nobuffer: preempt_enable_notrace(); unpause_graph_tracing(); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_vbprintk); __printf(3, 0) static int __trace_array_vprintk(struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args) { struct trace_event_call *call = &event_print; struct ring_buffer_event *event; int len = 0, size, pc; struct print_entry *entry; unsigned long flags; char *tbuffer; if (tracing_disabled || tracing_selftest_running) return 0; /* Don't pollute graph traces with trace_vprintk internals */ pause_graph_tracing(); pc = preempt_count(); preempt_disable_notrace(); tbuffer = get_trace_buf(); if (!tbuffer) { len = 0; goto out_nobuffer; } len = vscnprintf(tbuffer, TRACE_BUF_SIZE, fmt, args); local_save_flags(flags); size = sizeof(*entry) + len + 1; ring_buffer_nest_start(buffer); event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_PRINT, size, flags, pc); if (!event) goto out; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); entry->ip = ip; memcpy(&entry->buf, tbuffer, len + 1); if (!call_filter_check_discard(call, entry, buffer, event)) { __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); ftrace_trace_stack(&global_trace, buffer, flags, 6, pc, NULL); } out: ring_buffer_nest_end(buffer); put_trace_buf(); out_nobuffer: preempt_enable_notrace(); unpause_graph_tracing(); return len; } __printf(3, 0) int trace_array_vprintk(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args) { return __trace_array_vprintk(tr->array_buffer.buffer, ip, fmt, args); } /** * trace_array_printk - Print a message to a specific instance * @tr: The instance trace_array descriptor * @ip: The instruction pointer that this is called from. * @fmt: The format to print (printf format) * * If a subsystem sets up its own instance, they have the right to * printk strings into their tracing instance buffer using this * function. Note, this function will not write into the top level * buffer (use trace_printk() for that), as writing into the top level * buffer should only have events that can be individually disabled. * trace_printk() is only used for debugging a kernel, and should not * be ever encorporated in normal use. * * trace_array_printk() can be used, as it will not add noise to the * top level tracing buffer. * * Note, trace_array_init_printk() must be called on @tr before this * can be used. */ __printf(3, 0) int trace_array_printk(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...) { int ret; va_list ap; if (!tr) return -ENOENT; /* This is only allowed for created instances */ if (tr == &global_trace) return 0; if (!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK)) return 0; va_start(ap, fmt); ret = trace_array_vprintk(tr, ip, fmt, ap); va_end(ap); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_array_printk); /** * trace_array_init_printk - Initialize buffers for trace_array_printk() * @tr: The trace array to initialize the buffers for * * As trace_array_printk() only writes into instances, they are OK to * have in the kernel (unlike trace_printk()). This needs to be called * before trace_array_printk() can be used on a trace_array. */ int trace_array_init_printk(struct trace_array *tr) { if (!tr) return -ENOENT; /* This is only allowed for created instances */ if (tr == &global_trace) return -EINVAL; return alloc_percpu_trace_buffer(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_array_init_printk); __printf(3, 4) int trace_array_printk_buf(struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...) { int ret; va_list ap; if (!(global_trace.trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK)) return 0; va_start(ap, fmt); ret = __trace_array_vprintk(buffer, ip, fmt, ap); va_end(ap); return ret; } __printf(2, 0) int trace_vprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args) { return trace_array_vprintk(&global_trace, ip, fmt, args); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_vprintk); static void trace_iterator_increment(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct ring_buffer_iter *buf_iter = trace_buffer_iter(iter, iter->cpu); iter->idx++; if (buf_iter) ring_buffer_iter_advance(buf_iter); } static struct trace_entry * peek_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu, u64 *ts, unsigned long *lost_events) { struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct ring_buffer_iter *buf_iter = trace_buffer_iter(iter, cpu); if (buf_iter) { event = ring_buffer_iter_peek(buf_iter, ts); if (lost_events) *lost_events = ring_buffer_iter_dropped(buf_iter) ? (unsigned long)-1 : 0; } else { event = ring_buffer_peek(iter->array_buffer->buffer, cpu, ts, lost_events); } if (event) { iter->ent_size = ring_buffer_event_length(event); return ring_buffer_event_data(event); } iter->ent_size = 0; return NULL; } static struct trace_entry * __find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter, int *ent_cpu, unsigned long *missing_events, u64 *ent_ts) { struct trace_buffer *buffer = iter->array_buffer->buffer; struct trace_entry *ent, *next = NULL; unsigned long lost_events = 0, next_lost = 0; int cpu_file = iter->cpu_file; u64 next_ts = 0, ts; int next_cpu = -1; int next_size = 0; int cpu; /* * If we are in a per_cpu trace file, don't bother by iterating over * all cpu and peek directly. */ if (cpu_file > RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { if (ring_buffer_empty_cpu(buffer, cpu_file)) return NULL; ent = peek_next_entry(iter, cpu_file, ent_ts, missing_events); if (ent_cpu) *ent_cpu = cpu_file; return ent; } for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { if (ring_buffer_empty_cpu(buffer, cpu)) continue; ent = peek_next_entry(iter, cpu, &ts, &lost_events); /* * Pick the entry with the smallest timestamp: */ if (ent && (!next || ts < next_ts)) { next = ent; next_cpu = cpu; next_ts = ts; next_lost = lost_events; next_size = iter->ent_size; } } iter->ent_size = next_size; if (ent_cpu) *ent_cpu = next_cpu; if (ent_ts) *ent_ts = next_ts; if (missing_events) *missing_events = next_lost; return next; } #define STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE 128 static char static_temp_buf[STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE] __aligned(4); /* Find the next real entry, without updating the iterator itself */ struct trace_entry *trace_find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter, int *ent_cpu, u64 *ent_ts) { /* __find_next_entry will reset ent_size */ int ent_size = iter->ent_size; struct trace_entry *entry; /* * If called from ftrace_dump(), then the iter->temp buffer * will be the static_temp_buf and not created from kmalloc. * If the entry size is greater than the buffer, we can * not save it. Just return NULL in that case. This is only * used to add markers when two consecutive events' time * stamps have a large delta. See trace_print_lat_context() */ if (iter->temp == static_temp_buf && STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE < ent_size) return NULL; /* * The __find_next_entry() may call peek_next_entry(), which may * call ring_buffer_peek() that may make the contents of iter->ent * undefined. Need to copy iter->ent now. */ if (iter->ent && iter->ent != iter->temp) { if ((!iter->temp || iter->temp_size < iter->ent_size) && !WARN_ON_ONCE(iter->temp == static_temp_buf)) { void *temp; temp = kmalloc(iter->ent_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!temp) return NULL; kfree(iter->temp); iter->temp = temp; iter->temp_size = iter->ent_size; } memcpy(iter->temp, iter->ent, iter->ent_size); iter->ent = iter->temp; } entry = __find_next_entry(iter, ent_cpu, NULL, ent_ts); /* Put back the original ent_size */ iter->ent_size = ent_size; return entry; } /* Find the next real entry, and increment the iterator to the next entry */ void *trace_find_next_entry_inc(struct trace_iterator *iter) { iter->ent = __find_next_entry(iter, &iter->cpu, &iter->lost_events, &iter->ts); if (iter->ent) trace_iterator_increment(iter); return iter->ent ? iter : NULL; } static void trace_consume(struct trace_iterator *iter) { ring_buffer_consume(iter->array_buffer->buffer, iter->cpu, &iter->ts, &iter->lost_events); } static void *s_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private; int i = (int)*pos; void *ent; WARN_ON_ONCE(iter->leftover); (*pos)++; /* can't go backwards */ if (iter->idx > i) return NULL; if (iter->idx < 0) ent = trace_find_next_entry_inc(iter); else ent = iter; while (ent && iter->idx < i) ent = trace_find_next_entry_inc(iter); iter->pos = *pos; return ent; } void tracing_iter_reset(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu) { struct ring_buffer_iter *buf_iter; unsigned long entries = 0; u64 ts; per_cpu_ptr(iter->array_buffer->data, cpu)->skipped_entries = 0; buf_iter = trace_buffer_iter(iter, cpu); if (!buf_iter) return; ring_buffer_iter_reset(buf_iter); /* * We could have the case with the max latency tracers * that a reset never took place on a cpu. This is evident * by the timestamp being before the start of the buffer. */ while (ring_buffer_iter_peek(buf_iter, &ts)) { if (ts >= iter->array_buffer->time_start) break; entries++; ring_buffer_iter_advance(buf_iter); } per_cpu_ptr(iter->array_buffer->data, cpu)->skipped_entries = entries; } /* * The current tracer is copied to avoid a global locking * all around. */ static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private; struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; int cpu_file = iter->cpu_file; void *p = NULL; loff_t l = 0; int cpu; /* * copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around. * iter->trace is a copy of current_trace, the pointer to the * name may be used instead of a strcmp(), as iter->trace->name * will point to the same string as current_trace->name. */ mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (unlikely(tr->current_trace && iter->trace->name != tr->current_trace->name)) *iter->trace = *tr->current_trace; mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (iter->snapshot && iter->trace->use_max_tr) return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); #endif if (*pos != iter->pos) { iter->ent = NULL; iter->cpu = 0; iter->idx = -1; if (cpu_file == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) tracing_iter_reset(iter, cpu); } else tracing_iter_reset(iter, cpu_file); iter->leftover = 0; for (p = iter; p && l < *pos; p = s_next(m, p, &l)) ; } else { /* * If we overflowed the seq_file before, then we want * to just reuse the trace_seq buffer again. */ if (iter->leftover) p = iter; else { l = *pos - 1; p = s_next(m, p, &l); } } trace_event_read_lock(); trace_access_lock(cpu_file); return p; } static void s_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p) { struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (iter->snapshot && iter->trace->use_max_tr) return; #endif trace_access_unlock(iter->cpu_file); trace_event_read_unlock(); } static void get_total_entries_cpu(struct array_buffer *buf, unsigned long *total, unsigned long *entries, int cpu) { unsigned long count; count = ring_buffer_entries_cpu(buf->buffer, cpu); /* * If this buffer has skipped entries, then we hold all * entries for the trace and we need to ignore the * ones before the time stamp. */ if (per_cpu_ptr(buf->data, cpu)->skipped_entries) { count -= per_cpu_ptr(buf->data, cpu)->skipped_entries; /* total is the same as the entries */ *total = count; } else *total = count + ring_buffer_overrun_cpu(buf->buffer, cpu); *entries = count; } static void get_total_entries(struct array_buffer *buf, unsigned long *total, unsigned long *entries) { unsigned long t, e; int cpu; *total = 0; *entries = 0; for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { get_total_entries_cpu(buf, &t, &e, cpu); *total += t; *entries += e; } } unsigned long trace_total_entries_cpu(struct trace_array *tr, int cpu) { unsigned long total, entries; if (!tr) tr = &global_trace; get_total_entries_cpu(&tr->array_buffer, &total, &entries, cpu); return entries; } unsigned long trace_total_entries(struct trace_array *tr) { unsigned long total, entries; if (!tr) tr = &global_trace; get_total_entries(&tr->array_buffer, &total, &entries); return entries; } static void print_lat_help_header(struct seq_file *m) { seq_puts(m, "# _------=> CPU# \n" "# / _-----=> irqs-off \n" "# | / _----=> need-resched \n" "# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq \n" "# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth \n" "# |||| / delay \n" "# cmd pid ||||| time | caller \n" "# \\ / ||||| \\ | / \n"); } static void print_event_info(struct array_buffer *buf, struct seq_file *m) { unsigned long total; unsigned long entries; get_total_entries(buf, &total, &entries); seq_printf(m, "# entries-in-buffer/entries-written: %lu/%lu #P:%d\n", entries, total, num_online_cpus()); seq_puts(m, "#\n"); } static void print_func_help_header(struct array_buffer *buf, struct seq_file *m, unsigned int flags) { bool tgid = flags & TRACE_ITER_RECORD_TGID; print_event_info(buf, m); seq_printf(m, "# TASK-PID %s CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION\n", tgid ? " TGID " : ""); seq_printf(m, "# | | %s | | |\n", tgid ? " | " : ""); } static void print_func_help_header_irq(struct array_buffer *buf, struct seq_file *m, unsigned int flags) { bool tgid = flags & TRACE_ITER_RECORD_TGID; const char *space = " "; int prec = tgid ? 12 : 2; print_event_info(buf, m); seq_printf(m, "# %.*s _-----=> irqs-off\n", prec, space); seq_printf(m, "# %.*s / _----=> need-resched\n", prec, space); seq_printf(m, "# %.*s| / _---=> hardirq/softirq\n", prec, space); seq_printf(m, "# %.*s|| / _--=> preempt-depth\n", prec, space); seq_printf(m, "# %.*s||| / delay\n", prec, space); seq_printf(m, "# TASK-PID %.*s CPU# |||| TIMESTAMP FUNCTION\n", prec, " TGID "); seq_printf(m, "# | | %.*s | |||| | |\n", prec, " | "); } void print_trace_header(struct seq_file *m, struct trace_iterator *iter) { unsigned long sym_flags = (global_trace.trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_SYM_MASK); struct array_buffer *buf = iter->array_buffer; struct trace_array_cpu *data = per_cpu_ptr(buf->data, buf->cpu); struct tracer *type = iter->trace; unsigned long entries; unsigned long total; const char *name = "preemption"; name = type->name; get_total_entries(buf, &total, &entries); seq_printf(m, "# %s latency trace v1.1.5 on %s\n", name, UTS_RELEASE); seq_puts(m, "# -----------------------------------" "---------------------------------\n"); seq_printf(m, "# latency: %lu us, #%lu/%lu, CPU#%d |" " (M:%s VP:%d, KP:%d, SP:%d HP:%d", nsecs_to_usecs(data->saved_latency), entries, total, buf->cpu, #if defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_NONE) "server", #elif defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY) "desktop", #elif defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT) "preempt", #elif defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) "preempt_rt", #else "unknown", #endif /* These are reserved for later use */ 0, 0, 0, 0); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP seq_printf(m, " #P:%d)\n", num_online_cpus()); #else seq_puts(m, ")\n"); #endif seq_puts(m, "# -----------------\n"); seq_printf(m, "# | task: %.16s-%d " "(uid:%d nice:%ld policy:%ld rt_prio:%ld)\n", data->comm, data->pid, from_kuid_munged(seq_user_ns(m), data->uid), data->nice, data->policy, data->rt_priority); seq_puts(m, "# -----------------\n"); if (data->critical_start) { seq_puts(m, "# => started at: "); seq_print_ip_sym(&iter->seq, data->critical_start, sym_flags); trace_print_seq(m, &iter->seq); seq_puts(m, "\n# => ended at: "); seq_print_ip_sym(&iter->seq, data->critical_end, sym_flags); trace_print_seq(m, &iter->seq); seq_puts(m, "\n#\n"); } seq_puts(m, "#\n"); } static void test_cpu_buff_start(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; if (!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_ANNOTATE)) return; if (!(iter->iter_flags & TRACE_FILE_ANNOTATE)) return; if (cpumask_available(iter->started) && cpumask_test_cpu(iter->cpu, iter->started)) return; if (per_cpu_ptr(iter->array_buffer->data, iter->cpu)->skipped_entries) return; if (cpumask_available(iter->started)) cpumask_set_cpu(iter->cpu, iter->started); /* Don't print started cpu buffer for the first entry of the trace */ if (iter->idx > 1) trace_seq_printf(s, "##### CPU %u buffer started ####\n", iter->cpu); } static enum print_line_t print_trace_fmt(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; unsigned long sym_flags = (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_SYM_MASK); struct trace_entry *entry; struct trace_event *event; entry = iter->ent; test_cpu_buff_start(iter); event = ftrace_find_event(entry->type); if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO) { if (iter->iter_flags & TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT) trace_print_lat_context(iter); else trace_print_context(iter); } if (trace_seq_has_overflowed(s)) return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE; if (event) return event->funcs->trace(iter, sym_flags, event); trace_seq_printf(s, "Unknown type %d\n", entry->type); return trace_handle_return(s); } static enum print_line_t print_raw_fmt(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; struct trace_entry *entry; struct trace_event *event; entry = iter->ent; if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO) trace_seq_printf(s, "%d %d %llu ", entry->pid, iter->cpu, iter->ts); if (trace_seq_has_overflowed(s)) return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE; event = ftrace_find_event(entry->type); if (event) return event->funcs->raw(iter, 0, event); trace_seq_printf(s, "%d ?\n", entry->type); return trace_handle_return(s); } static enum print_line_t print_hex_fmt(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; unsigned char newline = '\n'; struct trace_entry *entry; struct trace_event *event; entry = iter->ent; if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO) { SEQ_PUT_HEX_FIELD(s, entry->pid); SEQ_PUT_HEX_FIELD(s, iter->cpu); SEQ_PUT_HEX_FIELD(s, iter->ts); if (trace_seq_has_overflowed(s)) return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE; } event = ftrace_find_event(entry->type); if (event) { enum print_line_t ret = event->funcs->hex(iter, 0, event); if (ret != TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED) return ret; } SEQ_PUT_FIELD(s, newline); return trace_handle_return(s); } static enum print_line_t print_bin_fmt(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; struct trace_entry *entry; struct trace_event *event; entry = iter->ent; if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO) { SEQ_PUT_FIELD(s, entry->pid); SEQ_PUT_FIELD(s, iter->cpu); SEQ_PUT_FIELD(s, iter->ts); if (trace_seq_has_overflowed(s)) return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE; } event = ftrace_find_event(entry->type); return event ? event->funcs->binary(iter, 0, event) : TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED; } int trace_empty(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct ring_buffer_iter *buf_iter; int cpu; /* If we are looking at one CPU buffer, only check that one */ if (iter->cpu_file != RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { cpu = iter->cpu_file; buf_iter = trace_buffer_iter(iter, cpu); if (buf_iter) { if (!ring_buffer_iter_empty(buf_iter)) return 0; } else { if (!ring_buffer_empty_cpu(iter->array_buffer->buffer, cpu)) return 0; } return 1; } for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { buf_iter = trace_buffer_iter(iter, cpu); if (buf_iter) { if (!ring_buffer_iter_empty(buf_iter)) return 0; } else { if (!ring_buffer_empty_cpu(iter->array_buffer->buffer, cpu)) return 0; } } return 1; } /* Called with trace_event_read_lock() held. */ enum print_line_t print_trace_line(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; unsigned long trace_flags = tr->trace_flags; enum print_line_t ret; if (iter->lost_events) { if (iter->lost_events == (unsigned long)-1) trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "CPU:%d [LOST EVENTS]\n", iter->cpu); else trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "CPU:%d [LOST %lu EVENTS]\n", iter->cpu, iter->lost_events); if (trace_seq_has_overflowed(&iter->seq)) return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE; } if (iter->trace && iter->trace->print_line) { ret = iter->trace->print_line(iter); if (ret != TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED) return ret; } if (iter->ent->type == TRACE_BPUTS && trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK && trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK_MSGONLY) return trace_print_bputs_msg_only(iter); if (iter->ent->type == TRACE_BPRINT && trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK && trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK_MSGONLY) return trace_print_bprintk_msg_only(iter); if (iter->ent->type == TRACE_PRINT && trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK && trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PRINTK_MSGONLY) return trace_print_printk_msg_only(iter); if (trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_BIN) return print_bin_fmt(iter); if (trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_HEX) return print_hex_fmt(iter); if (trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_RAW) return print_raw_fmt(iter); return print_trace_fmt(iter); } void trace_latency_header(struct seq_file *m) { struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private; struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; /* print nothing if the buffers are empty */ if (trace_empty(iter)) return; if (iter->iter_flags & TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT) print_trace_header(m, iter); if (!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_VERBOSE)) print_lat_help_header(m); } void trace_default_header(struct seq_file *m) { struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private; struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; unsigned long trace_flags = tr->trace_flags; if (!(trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO)) return; if (iter->iter_flags & TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT) { /* print nothing if the buffers are empty */ if (trace_empty(iter)) return; print_trace_header(m, iter); if (!(trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_VERBOSE)) print_lat_help_header(m); } else { if (!(trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_VERBOSE)) { if (trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_IRQ_INFO) print_func_help_header_irq(iter->array_buffer, m, trace_flags); else print_func_help_header(iter->array_buffer, m, trace_flags); } } } static void test_ftrace_alive(struct seq_file *m) { if (!ftrace_is_dead()) return; seq_puts(m, "# WARNING: FUNCTION TRACING IS CORRUPTED\n" "# MAY BE MISSING FUNCTION EVENTS\n"); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE static void show_snapshot_main_help(struct seq_file *m) { seq_puts(m, "# echo 0 > snapshot : Clears and frees snapshot buffer\n" "# echo 1 > snapshot : Allocates snapshot buffer, if not already allocated.\n" "# Takes a snapshot of the main buffer.\n" "# echo 2 > snapshot : Clears snapshot buffer (but does not allocate or free)\n" "# (Doesn't have to be '2' works with any number that\n" "# is not a '0' or '1')\n"); } static void show_snapshot_percpu_help(struct seq_file *m) { seq_puts(m, "# echo 0 > snapshot : Invalid for per_cpu snapshot file.\n"); #ifdef CONFIG_RING_BUFFER_ALLOW_SWAP seq_puts(m, "# echo 1 > snapshot : Allocates snapshot buffer, if not already allocated.\n" "# Takes a snapshot of the main buffer for this cpu.\n"); #else seq_puts(m, "# echo 1 > snapshot : Not supported with this kernel.\n" "# Must use main snapshot file to allocate.\n"); #endif seq_puts(m, "# echo 2 > snapshot : Clears this cpu's snapshot buffer (but does not allocate)\n" "# (Doesn't have to be '2' works with any number that\n" "# is not a '0' or '1')\n"); } static void print_snapshot_help(struct seq_file *m, struct trace_iterator *iter) { if (iter->tr->allocated_snapshot) seq_puts(m, "#\n# * Snapshot is allocated *\n#\n"); else seq_puts(m, "#\n# * Snapshot is freed *\n#\n"); seq_puts(m, "# Snapshot commands:\n"); if (iter->cpu_file == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) show_snapshot_main_help(m); else show_snapshot_percpu_help(m); } #else /* Should never be called */ static inline void print_snapshot_help(struct seq_file *m, struct trace_iterator *iter) { } #endif static int s_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct trace_iterator *iter = v; int ret; if (iter->ent == NULL) { if (iter->tr) { seq_printf(m, "# tracer: %s\n", iter->trace->name); seq_puts(m, "#\n"); test_ftrace_alive(m); } if (iter->snapshot && trace_empty(iter)) print_snapshot_help(m, iter); else if (iter->trace && iter->trace->print_header) iter->trace->print_header(m); else trace_default_header(m); } else if (iter->leftover) { /* * If we filled the seq_file buffer earlier, we * want to just show it now. */ ret = trace_print_seq(m, &iter->seq); /* ret should this time be zero, but you never know */ iter->leftover = ret; } else { print_trace_line(iter); ret = trace_print_seq(m, &iter->seq); /* * If we overflow the seq_file buffer, then it will * ask us for this data again at start up. * Use that instead. * ret is 0 if seq_file write succeeded. * -1 otherwise. */ iter->leftover = ret; } return 0; } /* * Should be used after trace_array_get(), trace_types_lock * ensures that i_cdev was already initialized. */ static inline int tracing_get_cpu(struct inode *inode) { if (inode->i_cdev) /* See trace_create_cpu_file() */ return (long)inode->i_cdev - 1; return RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS; } static const struct seq_operations tracer_seq_ops = { .start = s_start, .next = s_next, .stop = s_stop, .show = s_show, }; static struct trace_iterator * __tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, bool snapshot) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct trace_iterator *iter; int cpu; if (tracing_disabled) return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); iter = __seq_open_private(file, &tracer_seq_ops, sizeof(*iter)); if (!iter) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); iter->buffer_iter = kcalloc(nr_cpu_ids, sizeof(*iter->buffer_iter), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iter->buffer_iter) goto release; /* * trace_find_next_entry() may need to save off iter->ent. * It will place it into the iter->temp buffer. As most * events are less than 128, allocate a buffer of that size. * If one is greater, then trace_find_next_entry() will * allocate a new buffer to adjust for the bigger iter->ent. * It's not critical if it fails to get allocated here. */ iter->temp = kmalloc(128, GFP_KERNEL); if (iter->temp) iter->temp_size = 128; /* * We make a copy of the current tracer to avoid concurrent * changes on it while we are reading. */ mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); iter->trace = kzalloc(sizeof(*iter->trace), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iter->trace) goto fail; *iter->trace = *tr->current_trace; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&iter->started, GFP_KERNEL)) goto fail; iter->tr = tr; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE /* Currently only the top directory has a snapshot */ if (tr->current_trace->print_max || snapshot) iter->array_buffer = &tr->max_buffer; else #endif iter->array_buffer = &tr->array_buffer; iter->snapshot = snapshot; iter->pos = -1; iter->cpu_file = tracing_get_cpu(inode); mutex_init(&iter->mutex); /* Notify the tracer early; before we stop tracing. */ if (iter->trace->open) iter->trace->open(iter); /* Annotate start of buffers if we had overruns */ if (ring_buffer_overruns(iter->array_buffer->buffer)) iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_ANNOTATE; /* Output in nanoseconds only if we are using a clock in nanoseconds. */ if (trace_clocks[tr->clock_id].in_ns) iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS; /* * If pause-on-trace is enabled, then stop the trace while * dumping, unless this is the "snapshot" file */ if (!iter->snapshot && (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_PAUSE_ON_TRACE)) tracing_stop_tr(tr); if (iter->cpu_file == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { iter->buffer_iter[cpu] = ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter->array_buffer->buffer, cpu, GFP_KERNEL); } ring_buffer_read_prepare_sync(); for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { ring_buffer_read_start(iter->buffer_iter[cpu]); tracing_iter_reset(iter, cpu); } } else { cpu = iter->cpu_file; iter->buffer_iter[cpu] = ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter->array_buffer->buffer, cpu, GFP_KERNEL); ring_buffer_read_prepare_sync(); ring_buffer_read_start(iter->buffer_iter[cpu]); tracing_iter_reset(iter, cpu); } mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return iter; fail: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); kfree(iter->trace); kfree(iter->temp); kfree(iter->buffer_iter); release: seq_release_private(inode, file); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } int tracing_open_generic(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(NULL); if (ret) return ret; filp->private_data = inode->i_private; return 0; } bool tracing_is_disabled(void) { return (tracing_disabled) ? true: false; } /* * Open and update trace_array ref count. * Must have the current trace_array passed to it. */ int tracing_open_generic_tr(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; filp->private_data = inode->i_private; return 0; } static int tracing_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct seq_file *m = file->private_data; struct trace_iterator *iter; int cpu; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ)) { trace_array_put(tr); return 0; } /* Writes do not use seq_file */ iter = m->private; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { if (iter->buffer_iter[cpu]) ring_buffer_read_finish(iter->buffer_iter[cpu]); } if (iter->trace && iter->trace->close) iter->trace->close(iter); if (!iter->snapshot && tr->stop_count) /* reenable tracing if it was previously enabled */ tracing_start_tr(tr); __trace_array_put(tr); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_destroy(&iter->mutex); free_cpumask_var(iter->started); kfree(iter->temp); kfree(iter->trace); kfree(iter->buffer_iter); seq_release_private(inode, file); return 0; } static int tracing_release_generic_tr(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; trace_array_put(tr); return 0; } static int tracing_single_release_tr(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; trace_array_put(tr); return single_release(inode, file); } static int tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct trace_iterator *iter; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; /* If this file was open for write, then erase contents */ if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && (file->f_flags & O_TRUNC)) { int cpu = tracing_get_cpu(inode); struct array_buffer *trace_buf = &tr->array_buffer; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (tr->current_trace->print_max) trace_buf = &tr->max_buffer; #endif if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) tracing_reset_online_cpus(trace_buf); else tracing_reset_cpu(trace_buf, cpu); } if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) { iter = __tracing_open(inode, file, false); if (IS_ERR(iter)) ret = PTR_ERR(iter); else if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_LATENCY_FMT) iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT; } if (ret < 0) trace_array_put(tr); return ret; } /* * Some tracers are not suitable for instance buffers. * A tracer is always available for the global array (toplevel) * or if it explicitly states that it is. */ static bool trace_ok_for_array(struct tracer *t, struct trace_array *tr) { return (tr->flags & TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL) || t->allow_instances; } /* Find the next tracer that this trace array may use */ static struct tracer * get_tracer_for_array(struct trace_array *tr, struct tracer *t) { while (t && !trace_ok_for_array(t, tr)) t = t->next; return t; } static void * t_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct trace_array *tr = m->private; struct tracer *t = v; (*pos)++; if (t) t = get_tracer_for_array(tr, t->next); return t; } static void *t_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct trace_array *tr = m->private; struct tracer *t; loff_t l = 0; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); t = get_tracer_for_array(tr, trace_types); for (; t && l < *pos; t = t_next(m, t, &l)) ; return t; } static void t_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p) { mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); } static int t_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct tracer *t = v; if (!t) return 0; seq_puts(m, t->name); if (t->next) seq_putc(m, ' '); else seq_putc(m, '\n'); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations show_traces_seq_ops = { .start = t_start, .next = t_next, .stop = t_stop, .show = t_show, }; static int show_traces_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct seq_file *m; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; ret = seq_open(file, &show_traces_seq_ops); if (ret) { trace_array_put(tr); return ret; } m = file->private_data; m->private = tr; return 0; } static int show_traces_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; trace_array_put(tr); return seq_release(inode, file); } static ssize_t tracing_write_stub(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { return count; } loff_t tracing_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence) { int ret; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) ret = seq_lseek(file, offset, whence); else file->f_pos = ret = 0; return ret; } static const struct file_operations tracing_fops = { .open = tracing_open, .read = seq_read, .write = tracing_write_stub, .llseek = tracing_lseek, .release = tracing_release, }; static const struct file_operations show_traces_fops = { .open = show_traces_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = show_traces_release, }; static ssize_t tracing_cpumask_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = file_inode(filp)->i_private; char *mask_str; int len; len = snprintf(NULL, 0, "%*pb\n", cpumask_pr_args(tr->tracing_cpumask)) + 1; mask_str = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mask_str) return -ENOMEM; len = snprintf(mask_str, len, "%*pb\n", cpumask_pr_args(tr->tracing_cpumask)); if (len >= count) { count = -EINVAL; goto out_err; } count = simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, count, ppos, mask_str, len); out_err: kfree(mask_str); return count; } int tracing_set_cpumask(struct trace_array *tr, cpumask_var_t tracing_cpumask_new) { int cpu; if (!tr) return -EINVAL; local_irq_disable(); arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { /* * Increase/decrease the disabled counter if we are * about to flip a bit in the cpumask: */ if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tr->tracing_cpumask) && !cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tracing_cpumask_new)) { atomic_inc(&per_cpu_ptr(tr->array_buffer.data, cpu)->disabled); ring_buffer_record_disable_cpu(tr->array_buffer.buffer, cpu); } if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tr->tracing_cpumask) && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tracing_cpumask_new)) { atomic_dec(&per_cpu_ptr(tr->array_buffer.data, cpu)->disabled); ring_buffer_record_enable_cpu(tr->array_buffer.buffer, cpu); } } arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); local_irq_enable(); cpumask_copy(tr->tracing_cpumask, tracing_cpumask_new); return 0; } static ssize_t tracing_cpumask_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = file_inode(filp)->i_private; cpumask_var_t tracing_cpumask_new; int err; if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tracing_cpumask_new, GFP_KERNEL)) return -ENOMEM; err = cpumask_parse_user(ubuf, count, tracing_cpumask_new); if (err) goto err_free; err = tracing_set_cpumask(tr, tracing_cpumask_new); if (err) goto err_free; free_cpumask_var(tracing_cpumask_new); return count; err_free: free_cpumask_var(tracing_cpumask_new); return err; } static const struct file_operations tracing_cpumask_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .read = tracing_cpumask_read, .write = tracing_cpumask_write, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static int tracing_trace_options_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct tracer_opt *trace_opts; struct trace_array *tr = m->private; u32 tracer_flags; int i; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); tracer_flags = tr->current_trace->flags->val; trace_opts = tr->current_trace->flags->opts; for (i = 0; trace_options[i]; i++) { if (tr->trace_flags & (1 << i)) seq_printf(m, "%s\n", trace_options[i]); else seq_printf(m, "no%s\n", trace_options[i]); } for (i = 0; trace_opts[i].name; i++) { if (tracer_flags & trace_opts[i].bit) seq_printf(m, "%s\n", trace_opts[i].name); else seq_printf(m, "no%s\n", trace_opts[i].name); } mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return 0; } static int __set_tracer_option(struct trace_array *tr, struct tracer_flags *tracer_flags, struct tracer_opt *opts, int neg) { struct tracer *trace = tracer_flags->trace; int ret; ret = trace->set_flag(tr, tracer_flags->val, opts->bit, !neg); if (ret) return ret; if (neg) tracer_flags->val &= ~opts->bit; else tracer_flags->val |= opts->bit; return 0; } /* Try to assign a tracer specific option */ static int set_tracer_option(struct trace_array *tr, char *cmp, int neg) { struct tracer *trace = tr->current_trace; struct tracer_flags *tracer_flags = trace->flags; struct tracer_opt *opts = NULL; int i; for (i = 0; tracer_flags->opts[i].name; i++) { opts = &tracer_flags->opts[i]; if (strcmp(cmp, opts->name) == 0) return __set_tracer_option(tr, trace->flags, opts, neg); } return -EINVAL; } /* Some tracers require overwrite to stay enabled */ int trace_keep_overwrite(struct tracer *tracer, u32 mask, int set) { if (tracer->enabled && (mask & TRACE_ITER_OVERWRITE) && !set) return -1; return 0; } int set_tracer_flag(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned int mask, int enabled) { int *map; if ((mask == TRACE_ITER_RECORD_TGID) || (mask == TRACE_ITER_RECORD_CMD)) lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); /* do nothing if flag is already set */ if (!!(tr->trace_flags & mask) == !!enabled) return 0; /* Give the tracer a chance to approve the change */ if (tr->current_trace->flag_changed) if (tr->current_trace->flag_changed(tr, mask, !!enabled)) return -EINVAL; if (enabled) tr->trace_flags |= mask; else tr->trace_flags &= ~mask; if (mask == TRACE_ITER_RECORD_CMD) trace_event_enable_cmd_record(enabled); if (mask == TRACE_ITER_RECORD_TGID) { if (!tgid_map) { tgid_map_max = pid_max; map = kvcalloc(tgid_map_max + 1, sizeof(*tgid_map), GFP_KERNEL); /* * Pairs with smp_load_acquire() in * trace_find_tgid_ptr() to ensure that if it observes * the tgid_map we just allocated then it also observes * the corresponding tgid_map_max value. */ smp_store_release(&tgid_map, map); } if (!tgid_map) { tr->trace_flags &= ~TRACE_ITER_RECORD_TGID; return -ENOMEM; } trace_event_enable_tgid_record(enabled); } if (mask == TRACE_ITER_EVENT_FORK) trace_event_follow_fork(tr, enabled); if (mask == TRACE_ITER_FUNC_FORK) ftrace_pid_follow_fork(tr, enabled); if (mask == TRACE_ITER_OVERWRITE) { ring_buffer_change_overwrite(tr->array_buffer.buffer, enabled); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE ring_buffer_change_overwrite(tr->max_buffer.buffer, enabled); #endif } if (mask == TRACE_ITER_PRINTK) { trace_printk_start_stop_comm(enabled); trace_printk_control(enabled); } return 0; } int trace_set_options(struct trace_array *tr, char *option) { char *cmp; int neg = 0; int ret; size_t orig_len = strlen(option); int len; cmp = strstrip(option); len = str_has_prefix(cmp, "no"); if (len) neg = 1; cmp += len; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = match_string(trace_options, -1, cmp); /* If no option could be set, test the specific tracer options */ if (ret < 0) ret = set_tracer_option(tr, cmp, neg); else ret = set_tracer_flag(tr, 1 << ret, !neg); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); /* * If the first trailing whitespace is replaced with '\0' by strstrip, * turn it back into a space. */ if (orig_len > strlen(option)) option[strlen(option)] = ' '; return ret; } static void __init apply_trace_boot_options(void) { char *buf = trace_boot_options_buf; char *option; while (true) { option = strsep(&buf, ","); if (!option) break; if (*option) trace_set_options(&global_trace, option); /* Put back the comma to allow this to be called again */ if (buf) *(buf - 1) = ','; } } static ssize_t tracing_trace_options_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct seq_file *m = filp->private_data; struct trace_array *tr = m->private; char buf[64]; int ret; if (cnt >= sizeof(buf)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(buf, ubuf, cnt)) return -EFAULT; buf[cnt] = 0; ret = trace_set_options(tr, buf); if (ret < 0) return ret; *ppos += cnt; return cnt; } static int tracing_trace_options_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; ret = single_open(file, tracing_trace_options_show, inode->i_private); if (ret < 0) trace_array_put(tr); return ret; } static const struct file_operations tracing_iter_fops = { .open = tracing_trace_options_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = tracing_single_release_tr, .write = tracing_trace_options_write, }; static const char readme_msg[] = "tracing mini-HOWTO:\n\n" "# echo 0 > tracing_on : quick way to disable tracing\n" "# echo 1 > tracing_on : quick way to re-enable tracing\n\n" " Important files:\n" " trace\t\t\t- The static contents of the buffer\n" "\t\t\t To clear the buffer write into this file: echo > trace\n" " trace_pipe\t\t- A consuming read to see the contents of the buffer\n" " current_tracer\t- function and latency tracers\n" " available_tracers\t- list of configured tracers for current_tracer\n" " error_log\t- error log for failed commands (that support it)\n" " buffer_size_kb\t- view and modify size of per cpu buffer\n" " buffer_total_size_kb - view total size of all cpu buffers\n\n" " trace_clock\t\t-change the clock used to order events\n" " local: Per cpu clock but may not be synced across CPUs\n" " global: Synced across CPUs but slows tracing down.\n" " counter: Not a clock, but just an increment\n" " uptime: Jiffy counter from time of boot\n" " perf: Same clock that perf events use\n" #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 " x86-tsc: TSC cycle counter\n" #endif "\n timestamp_mode\t-view the mode used to timestamp events\n" " delta: Delta difference against a buffer-wide timestamp\n" " absolute: Absolute (standalone) timestamp\n" "\n trace_marker\t\t- Writes into this file writes into the kernel buffer\n" "\n trace_marker_raw\t\t- Writes into this file writes binary data into the kernel buffer\n" " tracing_cpumask\t- Limit which CPUs to trace\n" " instances\t\t- Make sub-buffers with: mkdir instances/foo\n" "\t\t\t Remove sub-buffer with rmdir\n" " trace_options\t\t- Set format or modify how tracing happens\n" "\t\t\t Disable an option by prefixing 'no' to the\n" "\t\t\t option name\n" " saved_cmdlines_size\t- echo command number in here to store comm-pid list\n" #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE "\n available_filter_functions - list of functions that can be filtered on\n" " set_ftrace_filter\t- echo function name in here to only trace these\n" "\t\t\t functions\n" "\t accepts: func_full_name or glob-matching-pattern\n" "\t modules: Can select a group via module\n" "\t Format: :mod:<module-name>\n" "\t example: echo :mod:ext3 > set_ftrace_filter\n" "\t triggers: a command to perform when function is hit\n" "\t Format: <function>:<trigger>[:count]\n" "\t trigger: traceon, traceoff\n" "\t\t enable_event:<system>:<event>\n" "\t\t disable_event:<system>:<event>\n" #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE "\t\t stacktrace\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT "\t\t snapshot\n" #endif "\t\t dump\n" "\t\t cpudump\n" "\t example: echo do_fault:traceoff > set_ftrace_filter\n" "\t echo do_trap:traceoff:3 > set_ftrace_filter\n" "\t The first one will disable tracing every time do_fault is hit\n" "\t The second will disable tracing at most 3 times when do_trap is hit\n" "\t The first time do trap is hit and it disables tracing, the\n" "\t counter will decrement to 2. If tracing is already disabled,\n" "\t the counter will not decrement. It only decrements when the\n" "\t trigger did work\n" "\t To remove trigger without count:\n" "\t echo '!<function>:<trigger> > set_ftrace_filter\n" "\t To remove trigger with a count:\n" "\t echo '!<function>:<trigger>:0 > set_ftrace_filter\n" " set_ftrace_notrace\t- echo function name in here to never trace.\n" "\t accepts: func_full_name, *func_end, func_begin*, *func_middle*\n" "\t modules: Can select a group via module command :mod:\n" "\t Does not accept triggers\n" #endif /* CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE */ #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER " set_ftrace_pid\t- Write pid(s) to only function trace those pids\n" "\t\t (function)\n" " set_ftrace_notrace_pid\t- Write pid(s) to not function trace those pids\n" "\t\t (function)\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER " set_graph_function\t- Trace the nested calls of a function (function_graph)\n" " set_graph_notrace\t- Do not trace the nested calls of a function (function_graph)\n" " max_graph_depth\t- Trace a limited depth of nested calls (0 is unlimited)\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT "\n snapshot\t\t- Like 'trace' but shows the content of the static\n" "\t\t\t snapshot buffer. Read the contents for more\n" "\t\t\t information\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_TRACER " stack_trace\t\t- Shows the max stack trace when active\n" " stack_max_size\t- Shows current max stack size that was traced\n" "\t\t\t Write into this file to reset the max size (trigger a\n" "\t\t\t new trace)\n" #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE " stack_trace_filter\t- Like set_ftrace_filter but limits what stack_trace\n" "\t\t\t traces\n" #endif #endif /* CONFIG_STACK_TRACER */ #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_EVENTS " dynamic_events\t\t- Create/append/remove/show the generic dynamic events\n" "\t\t\t Write into this file to define/undefine new trace events.\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS " kprobe_events\t\t- Create/append/remove/show the kernel dynamic events\n" "\t\t\t Write into this file to define/undefine new trace events.\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBE_EVENTS " uprobe_events\t\t- Create/append/remove/show the userspace dynamic events\n" "\t\t\t Write into this file to define/undefine new trace events.\n" #endif #if defined(CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS) || defined(CONFIG_UPROBE_EVENTS) "\t accepts: event-definitions (one definition per line)\n" "\t Format: p[:[<group>/]<event>] <place> [<args>]\n" "\t r[maxactive][:[<group>/]<event>] <place> [<args>]\n" #ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS "\t s:[synthetic/]<event> <field> [<field>]\n" #endif "\t -:[<group>/]<event>\n" #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS "\t place: [<module>:]<symbol>[+<offset>]|<memaddr>\n" "place (kretprobe): [<module>:]<symbol>[+<offset>]%return|<memaddr>\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBE_EVENTS " place (uprobe): <path>:<offset>[%return][(ref_ctr_offset)]\n" #endif "\t args: <name>=fetcharg[:type]\n" "\t fetcharg: %<register>, @<address>, @<symbol>[+|-<offset>],\n" #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_FUNCTION_ARG_ACCESS_API "\t $stack<index>, $stack, $retval, $comm, $arg<N>,\n" #else "\t $stack<index>, $stack, $retval, $comm,\n" #endif "\t +|-[u]<offset>(<fetcharg>), \\imm-value, \\\"imm-string\"\n" "\t type: s8/16/32/64, u8/16/32/64, x8/16/32/64, string, symbol,\n" "\t b<bit-width>@<bit-offset>/<container-size>, ustring,\n" "\t <type>\\[<array-size>\\]\n" #ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS "\t field: <stype> <name>;\n" "\t stype: u8/u16/u32/u64, s8/s16/s32/s64, pid_t,\n" "\t [unsigned] char/int/long\n" #endif #endif " events/\t\t- Directory containing all trace event subsystems:\n" " enable\t\t- Write 0/1 to enable/disable tracing of all events\n" " events/<system>/\t- Directory containing all trace events for <system>:\n" " enable\t\t- Write 0/1 to enable/disable tracing of all <system>\n" "\t\t\t events\n" " filter\t\t- If set, only events passing filter are traced\n" " events/<system>/<event>/\t- Directory containing control files for\n" "\t\t\t <event>:\n" " enable\t\t- Write 0/1 to enable/disable tracing of <event>\n" " filter\t\t- If set, only events passing filter are traced\n" " trigger\t\t- If set, a command to perform when event is hit\n" "\t Format: <trigger>[:count][if <filter>]\n" "\t trigger: traceon, traceoff\n" "\t enable_event:<system>:<event>\n" "\t disable_event:<system>:<event>\n" #ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS "\t enable_hist:<system>:<event>\n" "\t disable_hist:<system>:<event>\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE "\t\t stacktrace\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT "\t\t snapshot\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS "\t\t hist (see below)\n" #endif "\t example: echo traceoff > events/block/block_unplug/trigger\n" "\t echo traceoff:3 > events/block/block_unplug/trigger\n" "\t echo 'enable_event:kmem:kmalloc:3 if nr_rq > 1' > \\\n" "\t events/block/block_unplug/trigger\n" "\t The first disables tracing every time block_unplug is hit.\n" "\t The second disables tracing the first 3 times block_unplug is hit.\n" "\t The third enables the kmalloc event the first 3 times block_unplug\n" "\t is hit and has value of greater than 1 for the 'nr_rq' event field.\n" "\t Like function triggers, the counter is only decremented if it\n" "\t enabled or disabled tracing.\n" "\t To remove a trigger without a count:\n" "\t echo '!<trigger> > <system>/<event>/trigger\n" "\t To remove a trigger with a count:\n" "\t echo '!<trigger>:0 > <system>/<event>/trigger\n" "\t Filters can be ignored when removing a trigger.\n" #ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS " hist trigger\t- If set, event hits are aggregated into a hash table\n" "\t Format: hist:keys=<field1[,field2,...]>\n" "\t [:values=<field1[,field2,...]>]\n" "\t [:sort=<field1[,field2,...]>]\n" "\t [:size=#entries]\n" "\t [:pause][:continue][:clear]\n" "\t [:name=histname1]\n" "\t [:<handler>.<action>]\n" "\t [if <filter>]\n\n" "\t Note, special fields can be used as well:\n" "\t common_timestamp - to record current timestamp\n" "\t common_cpu - to record the CPU the event happened on\n" "\n" "\t When a matching event is hit, an entry is added to a hash\n" "\t table using the key(s) and value(s) named, and the value of a\n" "\t sum called 'hitcount' is incremented. Keys and values\n" "\t correspond to fields in the event's format description. Keys\n" "\t can be any field, or the special string 'stacktrace'.\n" "\t Compound keys consisting of up to two fields can be specified\n" "\t by the 'keys' keyword. Values must correspond to numeric\n" "\t fields. Sort keys consisting of up to two fields can be\n" "\t specified using the 'sort' keyword. The sort direction can\n" "\t be modified by appending '.descending' or '.ascending' to a\n" "\t sort field. The 'size' parameter can be used to specify more\n" "\t or fewer than the default 2048 entries for the hashtable size.\n" "\t If a hist trigger is given a name using the 'name' parameter,\n" "\t its histogram data will be shared with other triggers of the\n" "\t same name, and trigger hits will update this common data.\n\n" "\t Reading the 'hist' file for the event will dump the hash\n" "\t table in its entirety to stdout. If there are multiple hist\n" "\t triggers attached to an event, there will be a table for each\n" "\t trigger in the output. The table displayed for a named\n" "\t trigger will be the same as any other instance having the\n" "\t same name. The default format used to display a given field\n" "\t can be modified by appending any of the following modifiers\n" "\t to the field name, as applicable:\n\n" "\t .hex display a number as a hex value\n" "\t .sym display an address as a symbol\n" "\t .sym-offset display an address as a symbol and offset\n" "\t .execname display a common_pid as a program name\n" "\t .syscall display a syscall id as a syscall name\n" "\t .log2 display log2 value rather than raw number\n" "\t .usecs display a common_timestamp in microseconds\n\n" "\t The 'pause' parameter can be used to pause an existing hist\n" "\t trigger or to start a hist trigger but not log any events\n" "\t until told to do so. 'continue' can be used to start or\n" "\t restart a paused hist trigger.\n\n" "\t The 'clear' parameter will clear the contents of a running\n" "\t hist trigger and leave its current paused/active state\n" "\t unchanged.\n\n" "\t The enable_hist and disable_hist triggers can be used to\n" "\t have one event conditionally start and stop another event's\n" "\t already-attached hist trigger. The syntax is analogous to\n" "\t the enable_event and disable_event triggers.\n\n" "\t Hist trigger handlers and actions are executed whenever a\n" "\t a histogram entry is added or updated. They take the form:\n\n" "\t <handler>.<action>\n\n" "\t The available handlers are:\n\n" "\t onmatch(matching.event) - invoke on addition or update\n" "\t onmax(var) - invoke if var exceeds current max\n" "\t onchange(var) - invoke action if var changes\n\n" "\t The available actions are:\n\n" "\t trace(<synthetic_event>,param list) - generate synthetic event\n" "\t save(field,...) - save current event fields\n" #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT "\t snapshot() - snapshot the trace buffer\n\n" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYNTH_EVENTS " events/synthetic_events\t- Create/append/remove/show synthetic events\n" "\t Write into this file to define/undefine new synthetic events.\n" "\t example: echo 'myevent u64 lat; char name[]' >> synthetic_events\n" #endif #endif ; static ssize_t tracing_readme_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, readme_msg, strlen(readme_msg)); } static const struct file_operations tracing_readme_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = tracing_readme_read, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static void *saved_tgids_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { int pid = ++(*pos); return trace_find_tgid_ptr(pid); } static void *saved_tgids_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { int pid = *pos; return trace_find_tgid_ptr(pid); } static void saved_tgids_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { } static int saved_tgids_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { int *entry = (int *)v; int pid = entry - tgid_map; int tgid = *entry; if (tgid == 0) return SEQ_SKIP; seq_printf(m, "%d %d\n", pid, tgid); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations tracing_saved_tgids_seq_ops = { .start = saved_tgids_start, .stop = saved_tgids_stop, .next = saved_tgids_next, .show = saved_tgids_show, }; static int tracing_saved_tgids_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(NULL); if (ret) return ret; return seq_open(filp, &tracing_saved_tgids_seq_ops); } static const struct file_operations tracing_saved_tgids_fops = { .open = tracing_saved_tgids_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = seq_release, }; static void *saved_cmdlines_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { unsigned int *ptr = v; if (*pos || m->count) ptr++; (*pos)++; for (; ptr < &savedcmd->map_cmdline_to_pid[savedcmd->cmdline_num]; ptr++) { if (*ptr == -1 || *ptr == NO_CMDLINE_MAP) continue; return ptr; } return NULL; } static void *saved_cmdlines_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { void *v; loff_t l = 0; preempt_disable(); arch_spin_lock(&trace_cmdline_lock); v = &savedcmd->map_cmdline_to_pid[0]; while (l <= *pos) { v = saved_cmdlines_next(m, v, &l); if (!v) return NULL; } return v; } static void saved_cmdlines_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { arch_spin_unlock(&trace_cmdline_lock); preempt_enable(); } static int saved_cmdlines_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { char buf[TASK_COMM_LEN]; unsigned int *pid = v; __trace_find_cmdline(*pid, buf); seq_printf(m, "%d %s\n", *pid, buf); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations tracing_saved_cmdlines_seq_ops = { .start = saved_cmdlines_start, .next = saved_cmdlines_next, .stop = saved_cmdlines_stop, .show = saved_cmdlines_show, }; static int tracing_saved_cmdlines_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(NULL); if (ret) return ret; return seq_open(filp, &tracing_saved_cmdlines_seq_ops); } static const struct file_operations tracing_saved_cmdlines_fops = { .open = tracing_saved_cmdlines_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = seq_release, }; static ssize_t tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[64]; int r; arch_spin_lock(&trace_cmdline_lock); r = scnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u\n", savedcmd->cmdline_num); arch_spin_unlock(&trace_cmdline_lock); return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); } static void free_saved_cmdlines_buffer(struct saved_cmdlines_buffer *s) { kfree(s->saved_cmdlines); kfree(s->map_cmdline_to_pid); kfree(s); } static int tracing_resize_saved_cmdlines(unsigned int val) { struct saved_cmdlines_buffer *s, *savedcmd_temp; s = kmalloc(sizeof(*s), GFP_KERNEL); if (!s) return -ENOMEM; if (allocate_cmdlines_buffer(val, s) < 0) { kfree(s); return -ENOMEM; } arch_spin_lock(&trace_cmdline_lock); savedcmd_temp = savedcmd; savedcmd = s; arch_spin_unlock(&trace_cmdline_lock); free_saved_cmdlines_buffer(savedcmd_temp); return 0; } static ssize_t tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { unsigned long val; int ret; ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; /* must have at least 1 entry or less than PID_MAX_DEFAULT */ if (!val || val > PID_MAX_DEFAULT) return -EINVAL; ret = tracing_resize_saved_cmdlines((unsigned int)val); if (ret < 0) return ret; *ppos += cnt; return cnt; } static const struct file_operations tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_read, .write = tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_write, }; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE static union trace_eval_map_item * update_eval_map(union trace_eval_map_item *ptr) { if (!ptr->map.eval_string) { if (ptr->tail.next) { ptr = ptr->tail.next; /* Set ptr to the next real item (skip head) */ ptr++; } else return NULL; } return ptr; } static void *eval_map_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { union trace_eval_map_item *ptr = v; /* * Paranoid! If ptr points to end, we don't want to increment past it. * This really should never happen. */ (*pos)++; ptr = update_eval_map(ptr); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ptr)) return NULL; ptr++; ptr = update_eval_map(ptr); return ptr; } static void *eval_map_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { union trace_eval_map_item *v; loff_t l = 0; mutex_lock(&trace_eval_mutex); v = trace_eval_maps; if (v) v++; while (v && l < *pos) { v = eval_map_next(m, v, &l); } return v; } static void eval_map_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&trace_eval_mutex); } static int eval_map_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { union trace_eval_map_item *ptr = v; seq_printf(m, "%s %ld (%s)\n", ptr->map.eval_string, ptr->map.eval_value, ptr->map.system); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations tracing_eval_map_seq_ops = { .start = eval_map_start, .next = eval_map_next, .stop = eval_map_stop, .show = eval_map_show, }; static int tracing_eval_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(NULL); if (ret) return ret; return seq_open(filp, &tracing_eval_map_seq_ops); } static const struct file_operations tracing_eval_map_fops = { .open = tracing_eval_map_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = seq_release, }; static inline union trace_eval_map_item * trace_eval_jmp_to_tail(union trace_eval_map_item *ptr) { /* Return tail of array given the head */ return ptr + ptr->head.length + 1; } static void trace_insert_eval_map_file(struct module *mod, struct trace_eval_map **start, int len) { struct trace_eval_map **stop; struct trace_eval_map **map; union trace_eval_map_item *map_array; union trace_eval_map_item *ptr; stop = start + len; /* * The trace_eval_maps contains the map plus a head and tail item, * where the head holds the module and length of array, and the * tail holds a pointer to the next list. */ map_array = kmalloc_array(len + 2, sizeof(*map_array), GFP_KERNEL); if (!map_array) { pr_warn("Unable to allocate trace eval mapping\n"); return; } mutex_lock(&trace_eval_mutex); if (!trace_eval_maps) trace_eval_maps = map_array; else { ptr = trace_eval_maps; for (;;) { ptr = trace_eval_jmp_to_tail(ptr); if (!ptr->tail.next) break; ptr = ptr->tail.next; } ptr->tail.next = map_array; } map_array->head.mod = mod; map_array->head.length = len; map_array++; for (map = start; (unsigned long)map < (unsigned long)stop; map++) { map_array->map = **map; map_array++; } memset(map_array, 0, sizeof(*map_array)); mutex_unlock(&trace_eval_mutex); } static void trace_create_eval_file(struct dentry *d_tracer) { trace_create_file("eval_map", 0444, d_tracer, NULL, &tracing_eval_map_fops); } #else /* CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE */ static inline void trace_create_eval_file(struct dentry *d_tracer) { } static inline void trace_insert_eval_map_file(struct module *mod, struct trace_eval_map **start, int len) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE */ static void trace_insert_eval_map(struct module *mod, struct trace_eval_map **start, int len) { struct trace_eval_map **map; if (len <= 0) return; map = start; trace_event_eval_update(map, len); trace_insert_eval_map_file(mod, start, len); } static ssize_t tracing_set_trace_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; char buf[MAX_TRACER_SIZE+2]; int r; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); r = sprintf(buf, "%s\n", tr->current_trace->name); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); } int tracer_init(struct tracer *t, struct trace_array *tr) { tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->array_buffer); return t->init(tr); } static void set_buffer_entries(struct array_buffer *buf, unsigned long val) { int cpu; for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) per_cpu_ptr(buf->data, cpu)->entries = val; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE /* resize @tr's buffer to the size of @size_tr's entries */ static int resize_buffer_duplicate_size(struct array_buffer *trace_buf, struct array_buffer *size_buf, int cpu_id) { int cpu, ret = 0; if (cpu_id == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { ret = ring_buffer_resize(trace_buf->buffer, per_cpu_ptr(size_buf->data, cpu)->entries, cpu); if (ret < 0) break; per_cpu_ptr(trace_buf->data, cpu)->entries = per_cpu_ptr(size_buf->data, cpu)->entries; } } else { ret = ring_buffer_resize(trace_buf->buffer, per_cpu_ptr(size_buf->data, cpu_id)->entries, cpu_id); if (ret == 0) per_cpu_ptr(trace_buf->data, cpu_id)->entries = per_cpu_ptr(size_buf->data, cpu_id)->entries; } return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */ static int __tracing_resize_ring_buffer(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long size, int cpu) { int ret; /* * If kernel or user changes the size of the ring buffer * we use the size that was given, and we can forget about * expanding it later. */ ring_buffer_expanded = true; /* May be called before buffers are initialized */ if (!tr->array_buffer.buffer) return 0; ret = ring_buffer_resize(tr->array_buffer.buffer, size, cpu); if (ret < 0) return ret; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (!(tr->flags & TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL) || !tr->current_trace->use_max_tr) goto out; ret = ring_buffer_resize(tr->max_buffer.buffer, size, cpu); if (ret < 0) { int r = resize_buffer_duplicate_size(&tr->array_buffer, &tr->array_buffer, cpu); if (r < 0) { /* * AARGH! We are left with different * size max buffer!!!! * The max buffer is our "snapshot" buffer. * When a tracer needs a snapshot (one of the * latency tracers), it swaps the max buffer * with the saved snap shot. We succeeded to * update the size of the main buffer, but failed to * update the size of the max buffer. But when we tried * to reset the main buffer to the original size, we * failed there too. This is very unlikely to * happen, but if it does, warn and kill all * tracing. */ WARN_ON(1); tracing_disabled = 1; } return ret; } if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) set_buffer_entries(&tr->max_buffer, size); else per_cpu_ptr(tr->max_buffer.data, cpu)->entries = size; out: #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */ if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) set_buffer_entries(&tr->array_buffer, size); else per_cpu_ptr(tr->array_buffer.data, cpu)->entries = size; return ret; } ssize_t tracing_resize_ring_buffer(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long size, int cpu_id) { int ret = size; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (cpu_id != RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { /* make sure, this cpu is enabled in the mask */ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu_id, tracing_buffer_mask)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } ret = __tracing_resize_ring_buffer(tr, size, cpu_id); if (ret < 0) ret = -ENOMEM; out: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } /** * tracing_update_buffers - used by tracing facility to expand ring buffers * * To save on memory when the tracing is never used on a system with it * configured in. The ring buffers are set to a minimum size. But once * a user starts to use the tracing facility, then they need to grow * to their default size. * * This function is to be called when a tracer is about to be used. */ int tracing_update_buffers(void) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (!ring_buffer_expanded) ret = __tracing_resize_ring_buffer(&global_trace, trace_buf_size, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } struct trace_option_dentry; static void create_trace_option_files(struct trace_array *tr, struct tracer *tracer); /* * Used to clear out the tracer before deletion of an instance. * Must have trace_types_lock held. */ static void tracing_set_nop(struct trace_array *tr) { if (tr->current_trace == &nop_trace) return; tr->current_trace->enabled--; if (tr->current_trace->reset) tr->current_trace->reset(tr); tr->current_trace = &nop_trace; } static void add_tracer_options(struct trace_array *tr, struct tracer *t) { /* Only enable if the directory has been created already. */ if (!tr->dir) return; create_trace_option_files(tr, t); } int tracing_set_tracer(struct trace_array *tr, const char *buf) { struct tracer *t; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE bool had_max_tr; #endif int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (!ring_buffer_expanded) { ret = __tracing_resize_ring_buffer(tr, trace_buf_size, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS); if (ret < 0) goto out; ret = 0; } for (t = trace_types; t; t = t->next) { if (strcmp(t->name, buf) == 0) break; } if (!t) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (t == tr->current_trace) goto out; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT if (t->use_max_tr) { arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); if (tr->cond_snapshot) ret = -EBUSY; arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); if (ret) goto out; } #endif /* Some tracers won't work on kernel command line */ if (system_state < SYSTEM_RUNNING && t->noboot) { pr_warn("Tracer '%s' is not allowed on command line, ignored\n", t->name); goto out; } /* Some tracers are only allowed for the top level buffer */ if (!trace_ok_for_array(t, tr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* If trace pipe files are being read, we can't change the tracer */ if (tr->trace_ref) { ret = -EBUSY; goto out; } trace_branch_disable(); tr->current_trace->enabled--; if (tr->current_trace->reset) tr->current_trace->reset(tr); /* Current trace needs to be nop_trace before synchronize_rcu */ tr->current_trace = &nop_trace; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE had_max_tr = tr->allocated_snapshot; if (had_max_tr && !t->use_max_tr) { /* * We need to make sure that the update_max_tr sees that * current_trace changed to nop_trace to keep it from * swapping the buffers after we resize it. * The update_max_tr is called from interrupts disabled * so a synchronized_sched() is sufficient. */ synchronize_rcu(); free_snapshot(tr); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (t->use_max_tr && !had_max_tr) { ret = tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(tr); if (ret < 0) goto out; } #endif if (t->init) { ret = tracer_init(t, tr); if (ret) goto out; } tr->current_trace = t; tr->current_trace->enabled++; trace_branch_enable(tr); out: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } static ssize_t tracing_set_trace_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; char buf[MAX_TRACER_SIZE+1]; int i; size_t ret; int err; ret = cnt; if (cnt > MAX_TRACER_SIZE) cnt = MAX_TRACER_SIZE; if (copy_from_user(buf, ubuf, cnt)) return -EFAULT; buf[cnt] = 0; /* strip ending whitespace. */ for (i = cnt - 1; i > 0 && isspace(buf[i]); i--) buf[i] = 0; err = tracing_set_tracer(tr, buf); if (err) return err; *ppos += ret; return ret; } static ssize_t tracing_nsecs_read(unsigned long *ptr, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[64]; int r; r = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%ld\n", *ptr == (unsigned long)-1 ? -1 : nsecs_to_usecs(*ptr)); if (r > sizeof(buf)) r = sizeof(buf); return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); } static ssize_t tracing_nsecs_write(unsigned long *ptr, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { unsigned long val; int ret; ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; *ptr = val * 1000; return cnt; } static ssize_t tracing_thresh_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { return tracing_nsecs_read(&tracing_thresh, ubuf, cnt, ppos); } static ssize_t tracing_thresh_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; int ret; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = tracing_nsecs_write(&tracing_thresh, ubuf, cnt, ppos); if (ret < 0) goto out; if (tr->current_trace->update_thresh) { ret = tr->current_trace->update_thresh(tr); if (ret < 0) goto out; } ret = cnt; out: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER) static ssize_t tracing_max_lat_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { return tracing_nsecs_read(filp->private_data, ubuf, cnt, ppos); } static ssize_t tracing_max_lat_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { return tracing_nsecs_write(filp->private_data, ubuf, cnt, ppos); } #endif static int tracing_open_pipe(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct trace_iterator *iter; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); /* create a buffer to store the information to pass to userspace */ iter = kzalloc(sizeof(*iter), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iter) { ret = -ENOMEM; __trace_array_put(tr); goto out; } trace_seq_init(&iter->seq); iter->trace = tr->current_trace; if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&iter->started, GFP_KERNEL)) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto fail; } /* trace pipe does not show start of buffer */ cpumask_setall(iter->started); if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_LATENCY_FMT) iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT; /* Output in nanoseconds only if we are using a clock in nanoseconds. */ if (trace_clocks[tr->clock_id].in_ns) iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS; iter->tr = tr; iter->array_buffer = &tr->array_buffer; iter->cpu_file = tracing_get_cpu(inode); mutex_init(&iter->mutex); filp->private_data = iter; if (iter->trace->pipe_open) iter->trace->pipe_open(iter); nonseekable_open(inode, filp); tr->trace_ref++; out: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; fail: kfree(iter); __trace_array_put(tr); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } static int tracing_release_pipe(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_iterator *iter = file->private_data; struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); tr->trace_ref--; if (iter->trace->pipe_close) iter->trace->pipe_close(iter); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); free_cpumask_var(iter->started); mutex_destroy(&iter->mutex); kfree(iter); trace_array_put(tr); return 0; } static __poll_t trace_poll(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct file *filp, poll_table *poll_table) { struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; /* Iterators are static, they should be filled or empty */ if (trace_buffer_iter(iter, iter->cpu_file)) return EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_BLOCK) /* * Always select as readable when in blocking mode */ return EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; else return ring_buffer_poll_wait(iter->array_buffer->buffer, iter->cpu_file, filp, poll_table); } static __poll_t tracing_poll_pipe(struct file *filp, poll_table *poll_table) { struct trace_iterator *iter = filp->private_data; return trace_poll(iter, filp, poll_table); } /* Must be called with iter->mutex held. */ static int tracing_wait_pipe(struct file *filp) { struct trace_iterator *iter = filp->private_data; int ret; while (trace_empty(iter)) { if ((filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)) { return -EAGAIN; } /* * We block until we read something and tracing is disabled. * We still block if tracing is disabled, but we have never * read anything. This allows a user to cat this file, and * then enable tracing. But after we have read something, * we give an EOF when tracing is again disabled. * * iter->pos will be 0 if we haven't read anything. */ if (!tracer_tracing_is_on(iter->tr) && iter->pos) break; mutex_unlock(&iter->mutex); ret = wait_on_pipe(iter, 0); mutex_lock(&iter->mutex); if (ret) return ret; } return 1; } /* * Consumer reader. */ static ssize_t tracing_read_pipe(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_iterator *iter = filp->private_data; ssize_t sret; /* * Avoid more than one consumer on a single file descriptor * This is just a matter of traces coherency, the ring buffer itself * is protected. */ mutex_lock(&iter->mutex); /* return any leftover data */ sret = trace_seq_to_user(&iter->seq, ubuf, cnt); if (sret != -EBUSY) goto out; trace_seq_init(&iter->seq); if (iter->trace->read) { sret = iter->trace->read(iter, filp, ubuf, cnt, ppos); if (sret) goto out; } waitagain: sret = tracing_wait_pipe(filp); if (sret <= 0) goto out; /* stop when tracing is finished */ if (trace_empty(iter)) { sret = 0; goto out; } if (cnt >= PAGE_SIZE) cnt = PAGE_SIZE - 1; /* reset all but tr, trace, and overruns */ memset(&iter->seq, 0, sizeof(struct trace_iterator) - offsetof(struct trace_iterator, seq)); cpumask_clear(iter->started); trace_seq_init(&iter->seq); iter->pos = -1; trace_event_read_lock(); trace_access_lock(iter->cpu_file); while (trace_find_next_entry_inc(iter) != NULL) { enum print_line_t ret; int save_len = iter->seq.seq.len; ret = print_trace_line(iter); if (ret == TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE) { /* don't print partial lines */ iter->seq.seq.len = save_len; break; } if (ret != TRACE_TYPE_NO_CONSUME) trace_consume(iter); if (trace_seq_used(&iter->seq) >= cnt) break; /* * Setting the full flag means we reached the trace_seq buffer * size and we should leave by partial output condition above. * One of the trace_seq_* functions is not used properly. */ WARN_ONCE(iter->seq.full, "full flag set for trace type %d", iter->ent->type); } trace_access_unlock(iter->cpu_file); trace_event_read_unlock(); /* Now copy what we have to the user */ sret = trace_seq_to_user(&iter->seq, ubuf, cnt); if (iter->seq.seq.readpos >= trace_seq_used(&iter->seq)) trace_seq_init(&iter->seq); /* * If there was nothing to send to user, in spite of consuming trace * entries, go back to wait for more entries. */ if (sret == -EBUSY) goto waitagain; out: mutex_unlock(&iter->mutex); return sret; } static void tracing_spd_release_pipe(struct splice_pipe_desc *spd, unsigned int idx) { __free_page(spd->pages[idx]); } static size_t tracing_fill_pipe_page(size_t rem, struct trace_iterator *iter) { size_t count; int save_len; int ret; /* Seq buffer is page-sized, exactly what we need. */ for (;;) { save_len = iter->seq.seq.len; ret = print_trace_line(iter); if (trace_seq_has_overflowed(&iter->seq)) { iter->seq.seq.len = save_len; break; } /* * This should not be hit, because it should only * be set if the iter->seq overflowed. But check it * anyway to be safe. */ if (ret == TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE) { iter->seq.seq.len = save_len; break; } count = trace_seq_used(&iter->seq) - save_len; if (rem < count) { rem = 0; iter->seq.seq.len = save_len; break; } if (ret != TRACE_TYPE_NO_CONSUME) trace_consume(iter); rem -= count; if (!trace_find_next_entry_inc(iter)) { rem = 0; iter->ent = NULL; break; } } return rem; } static ssize_t tracing_splice_read_pipe(struct file *filp, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags) { struct page *pages_def[PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS]; struct partial_page partial_def[PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS]; struct trace_iterator *iter = filp->private_data; struct splice_pipe_desc spd = { .pages = pages_def, .partial = partial_def, .nr_pages = 0, /* This gets updated below. */ .nr_pages_max = PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS, .ops = &default_pipe_buf_ops, .spd_release = tracing_spd_release_pipe, }; ssize_t ret; size_t rem; unsigned int i; if (splice_grow_spd(pipe, &spd)) return -ENOMEM; mutex_lock(&iter->mutex); if (iter->trace->splice_read) { ret = iter->trace->splice_read(iter, filp, ppos, pipe, len, flags); if (ret) goto out_err; } ret = tracing_wait_pipe(filp); if (ret <= 0) goto out_err; if (!iter->ent && !trace_find_next_entry_inc(iter)) { ret = -EFAULT; goto out_err; } trace_event_read_lock(); trace_access_lock(iter->cpu_file); /* Fill as many pages as possible. */ for (i = 0, rem = len; i < spd.nr_pages_max && rem; i++) { spd.pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!spd.pages[i]) break; rem = tracing_fill_pipe_page(rem, iter); /* Copy the data into the page, so we can start over. */ ret = trace_seq_to_buffer(&iter->seq, page_address(spd.pages[i]), trace_seq_used(&iter->seq)); if (ret < 0) { __free_page(spd.pages[i]); break; } spd.partial[i].offset = 0; spd.partial[i].len = trace_seq_used(&iter->seq); trace_seq_init(&iter->seq); } trace_access_unlock(iter->cpu_file); trace_event_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&iter->mutex); spd.nr_pages = i; if (i) ret = splice_to_pipe(pipe, &spd); else ret = 0; out: splice_shrink_spd(&spd); return ret; out_err: mutex_unlock(&iter->mutex); goto out; } static ssize_t tracing_entries_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; int cpu = tracing_get_cpu(inode); char buf[64]; int r = 0; ssize_t ret; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { int cpu, buf_size_same; unsigned long size; size = 0; buf_size_same = 1; /* check if all cpu sizes are same */ for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { /* fill in the size from first enabled cpu */ if (size == 0) size = per_cpu_ptr(tr->array_buffer.data, cpu)->entries; if (size != per_cpu_ptr(tr->array_buffer.data, cpu)->entries) { buf_size_same = 0; break; } } if (buf_size_same) { if (!ring_buffer_expanded) r = sprintf(buf, "%lu (expanded: %lu)\n", size >> 10, trace_buf_size >> 10); else r = sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", size >> 10); } else r = sprintf(buf, "X\n"); } else r = sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", per_cpu_ptr(tr->array_buffer.data, cpu)->entries >> 10); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); ret = simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); return ret; } static ssize_t tracing_entries_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; unsigned long val; int ret; ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; /* must have at least 1 entry */ if (!val) return -EINVAL; /* value is in KB */ val <<= 10; ret = tracing_resize_ring_buffer(tr, val, tracing_get_cpu(inode)); if (ret < 0) return ret; *ppos += cnt; return cnt; } static ssize_t tracing_total_entries_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; char buf[64]; int r, cpu; unsigned long size = 0, expanded_size = 0; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { size += per_cpu_ptr(tr->array_buffer.data, cpu)->entries >> 10; if (!ring_buffer_expanded) expanded_size += trace_buf_size >> 10; } if (ring_buffer_expanded) r = sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", size); else r = sprintf(buf, "%lu (expanded: %lu)\n", size, expanded_size); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); } static ssize_t tracing_free_buffer_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { /* * There is no need to read what the user has written, this function * is just to make sure that there is no error when "echo" is used */ *ppos += cnt; return cnt; } static int tracing_free_buffer_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; /* disable tracing ? */ if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_STOP_ON_FREE) tracer_tracing_off(tr); /* resize the ring buffer to 0 */ tracing_resize_ring_buffer(tr, 0, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS); trace_array_put(tr); return 0; } static ssize_t tracing_mark_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *fpos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; struct ring_buffer_event *event; enum event_trigger_type tt = ETT_NONE; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct print_entry *entry; unsigned long irq_flags; ssize_t written; int size; int len; /* Used in tracing_mark_raw_write() as well */ #define FAULTED_STR "<faulted>" #define FAULTED_SIZE (sizeof(FAULTED_STR) - 1) /* '\0' is already accounted for */ if (tracing_disabled) return -EINVAL; if (!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_MARKERS)) return -EINVAL; if (cnt > TRACE_BUF_SIZE) cnt = TRACE_BUF_SIZE; BUILD_BUG_ON(TRACE_BUF_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE); local_save_flags(irq_flags); size = sizeof(*entry) + cnt + 2; /* add '\0' and possible '\n' */ /* If less than "<faulted>", then make sure we can still add that */ if (cnt < FAULTED_SIZE) size += FAULTED_SIZE - cnt; buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_PRINT, size, irq_flags, preempt_count()); if (unlikely(!event)) /* Ring buffer disabled, return as if not open for write */ return -EBADF; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); entry->ip = _THIS_IP_; len = __copy_from_user_inatomic(&entry->buf, ubuf, cnt); if (len) { memcpy(&entry->buf, FAULTED_STR, FAULTED_SIZE); cnt = FAULTED_SIZE; written = -EFAULT; } else written = cnt; if (tr->trace_marker_file && !list_empty(&tr->trace_marker_file->triggers)) { /* do not add \n before testing triggers, but add \0 */ entry->buf[cnt] = '\0'; tt = event_triggers_call(tr->trace_marker_file, entry, event); } if (entry->buf[cnt - 1] != '\n') { entry->buf[cnt] = '\n'; entry->buf[cnt + 1] = '\0'; } else entry->buf[cnt] = '\0'; if (static_branch_unlikely(&trace_marker_exports_enabled)) ftrace_exports(event, TRACE_EXPORT_MARKER); __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); if (tt) event_triggers_post_call(tr->trace_marker_file, tt); if (written > 0) *fpos += written; return written; } /* Limit it for now to 3K (including tag) */ #define RAW_DATA_MAX_SIZE (1024*3) static ssize_t tracing_mark_raw_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *fpos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct raw_data_entry *entry; unsigned long irq_flags; ssize_t written; int size; int len; #define FAULT_SIZE_ID (FAULTED_SIZE + sizeof(int)) if (tracing_disabled) return -EINVAL; if (!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_MARKERS)) return -EINVAL; /* The marker must at least have a tag id */ if (cnt < sizeof(unsigned int) || cnt > RAW_DATA_MAX_SIZE) return -EINVAL; if (cnt > TRACE_BUF_SIZE) cnt = TRACE_BUF_SIZE; BUILD_BUG_ON(TRACE_BUF_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE); local_save_flags(irq_flags); size = sizeof(*entry) + cnt; if (cnt < FAULT_SIZE_ID) size += FAULT_SIZE_ID - cnt; buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; event = __trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_RAW_DATA, size, irq_flags, preempt_count()); if (!event) /* Ring buffer disabled, return as if not open for write */ return -EBADF; entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event); len = __copy_from_user_inatomic(&entry->id, ubuf, cnt); if (len) { entry->id = -1; memcpy(&entry->buf, FAULTED_STR, FAULTED_SIZE); written = -EFAULT; } else written = cnt; __buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event); if (written > 0) *fpos += written; return written; } static int tracing_clock_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct trace_array *tr = m->private; int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(trace_clocks); i++) seq_printf(m, "%s%s%s%s", i ? " " : "", i == tr->clock_id ? "[" : "", trace_clocks[i].name, i == tr->clock_id ? "]" : ""); seq_putc(m, '\n'); return 0; } int tracing_set_clock(struct trace_array *tr, const char *clockstr) { int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(trace_clocks); i++) { if (strcmp(trace_clocks[i].name, clockstr) == 0) break; } if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(trace_clocks)) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); tr->clock_id = i; ring_buffer_set_clock(tr->array_buffer.buffer, trace_clocks[i].func); /* * New clock may not be consistent with the previous clock. * Reset the buffer so that it doesn't have incomparable timestamps. */ tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->array_buffer); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (tr->max_buffer.buffer) ring_buffer_set_clock(tr->max_buffer.buffer, trace_clocks[i].func); tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->max_buffer); #endif mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return 0; } static ssize_t tracing_clock_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *fpos) { struct seq_file *m = filp->private_data; struct trace_array *tr = m->private; char buf[64]; const char *clockstr; int ret; if (cnt >= sizeof(buf)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(buf, ubuf, cnt)) return -EFAULT; buf[cnt] = 0; clockstr = strstrip(buf); ret = tracing_set_clock(tr, clockstr); if (ret) return ret; *fpos += cnt; return cnt; } static int tracing_clock_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; ret = single_open(file, tracing_clock_show, inode->i_private); if (ret < 0) trace_array_put(tr); return ret; } static int tracing_time_stamp_mode_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct trace_array *tr = m->private; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (ring_buffer_time_stamp_abs(tr->array_buffer.buffer)) seq_puts(m, "delta [absolute]\n"); else seq_puts(m, "[delta] absolute\n"); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return 0; } static int tracing_time_stamp_mode_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; ret = single_open(file, tracing_time_stamp_mode_show, inode->i_private); if (ret < 0) trace_array_put(tr); return ret; } int tracing_set_time_stamp_abs(struct trace_array *tr, bool abs) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (abs && tr->time_stamp_abs_ref++) goto out; if (!abs) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tr->time_stamp_abs_ref)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (--tr->time_stamp_abs_ref) goto out; } ring_buffer_set_time_stamp_abs(tr->array_buffer.buffer, abs); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (tr->max_buffer.buffer) ring_buffer_set_time_stamp_abs(tr->max_buffer.buffer, abs); #endif out: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } struct ftrace_buffer_info { struct trace_iterator iter; void *spare; unsigned int spare_cpu; unsigned int read; }; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT static int tracing_snapshot_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct trace_iterator *iter; struct seq_file *m; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) { iter = __tracing_open(inode, file, true); if (IS_ERR(iter)) ret = PTR_ERR(iter); } else { /* Writes still need the seq_file to hold the private data */ ret = -ENOMEM; m = kzalloc(sizeof(*m), GFP_KERNEL); if (!m) goto out; iter = kzalloc(sizeof(*iter), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iter) { kfree(m); goto out; } ret = 0; iter->tr = tr; iter->array_buffer = &tr->max_buffer; iter->cpu_file = tracing_get_cpu(inode); m->private = iter; file->private_data = m; } out: if (ret < 0) trace_array_put(tr); return ret; } static ssize_t tracing_snapshot_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct seq_file *m = filp->private_data; struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private; struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; unsigned long val; int ret; ret = tracing_update_buffers(); if (ret < 0) return ret; ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (tr->current_trace->use_max_tr) { ret = -EBUSY; goto out; } arch_spin_lock(&tr->max_lock); if (tr->cond_snapshot) ret = -EBUSY; arch_spin_unlock(&tr->max_lock); if (ret) goto out; switch (val) { case 0: if (iter->cpu_file != RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } if (tr->allocated_snapshot) free_snapshot(tr); break; case 1: /* Only allow per-cpu swap if the ring buffer supports it */ #ifndef CONFIG_RING_BUFFER_ALLOW_SWAP if (iter->cpu_file != RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } #endif if (tr->allocated_snapshot) ret = resize_buffer_duplicate_size(&tr->max_buffer, &tr->array_buffer, iter->cpu_file); else ret = tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(tr); if (ret < 0) break; local_irq_disable(); /* Now, we're going to swap */ if (iter->cpu_file == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) update_max_tr(tr, current, smp_processor_id(), NULL); else update_max_tr_single(tr, current, iter->cpu_file); local_irq_enable(); break; default: if (tr->allocated_snapshot) { if (iter->cpu_file == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->max_buffer); else tracing_reset_cpu(&tr->max_buffer, iter->cpu_file); } break; } if (ret >= 0) { *ppos += cnt; ret = cnt; } out: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return ret; } static int tracing_snapshot_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct seq_file *m = file->private_data; int ret; ret = tracing_release(inode, file); if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) return ret; /* If write only, the seq_file is just a stub */ if (m) kfree(m->private); kfree(m); return 0; } static int tracing_buffers_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); static ssize_t tracing_buffers_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos); static int tracing_buffers_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); static ssize_t tracing_buffers_splice_read(struct file *file, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags); static int snapshot_raw_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct ftrace_buffer_info *info; int ret; /* The following checks for tracefs lockdown */ ret = tracing_buffers_open(inode, filp); if (ret < 0) return ret; info = filp->private_data; if (info->iter.trace->use_max_tr) { tracing_buffers_release(inode, filp); return -EBUSY; } info->iter.snapshot = true; info->iter.array_buffer = &info->iter.tr->max_buffer; return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */ static const struct file_operations tracing_thresh_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = tracing_thresh_read, .write = tracing_thresh_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER) static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = tracing_max_lat_read, .write = tracing_max_lat_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; #endif static const struct file_operations set_tracer_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = tracing_set_trace_read, .write = tracing_set_trace_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; static const struct file_operations tracing_pipe_fops = { .open = tracing_open_pipe, .poll = tracing_poll_pipe, .read = tracing_read_pipe, .splice_read = tracing_splice_read_pipe, .release = tracing_release_pipe, .llseek = no_llseek, }; static const struct file_operations tracing_entries_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .read = tracing_entries_read, .write = tracing_entries_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, }; static const struct file_operations tracing_total_entries_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .read = tracing_total_entries_read, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, }; static const struct file_operations tracing_free_buffer_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .write = tracing_free_buffer_write, .release = tracing_free_buffer_release, }; static const struct file_operations tracing_mark_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .write = tracing_mark_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, }; static const struct file_operations tracing_mark_raw_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .write = tracing_mark_raw_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, }; static const struct file_operations trace_clock_fops = { .open = tracing_clock_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = tracing_single_release_tr, .write = tracing_clock_write, }; static const struct file_operations trace_time_stamp_mode_fops = { .open = tracing_time_stamp_mode_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = tracing_single_release_tr, }; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT static const struct file_operations snapshot_fops = { .open = tracing_snapshot_open, .read = seq_read, .write = tracing_snapshot_write, .llseek = tracing_lseek, .release = tracing_snapshot_release, }; static const struct file_operations snapshot_raw_fops = { .open = snapshot_raw_open, .read = tracing_buffers_read, .release = tracing_buffers_release, .splice_read = tracing_buffers_splice_read, .llseek = no_llseek, }; #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */ #define TRACING_LOG_ERRS_MAX 8 #define TRACING_LOG_LOC_MAX 128 #define CMD_PREFIX " Command: " struct err_info { const char **errs; /* ptr to loc-specific array of err strings */ u8 type; /* index into errs -> specific err string */ u8 pos; /* MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL = 256 */ u64 ts; }; struct tracing_log_err { struct list_head list; struct err_info info; char loc[TRACING_LOG_LOC_MAX]; /* err location */ char cmd[MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL]; /* what caused err */ }; static DEFINE_MUTEX(tracing_err_log_lock); static struct tracing_log_err *get_tracing_log_err(struct trace_array *tr) { struct tracing_log_err *err; if (tr->n_err_log_entries < TRACING_LOG_ERRS_MAX) { err = kzalloc(sizeof(*err), GFP_KERNEL); if (!err) err = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); tr->n_err_log_entries++; return err; } err = list_first_entry(&tr->err_log, struct tracing_log_err, list); list_del(&err->list); return err; } /** * err_pos - find the position of a string within a command for error careting * @cmd: The tracing command that caused the error * @str: The string to position the caret at within @cmd * * Finds the position of the first occurence of @str within @cmd. The * return value can be passed to tracing_log_err() for caret placement * within @cmd. * * Returns the index within @cmd of the first occurence of @str or 0 * if @str was not found. */ unsigned int err_pos(char *cmd, const char *str) { char *found; if (WARN_ON(!strlen(cmd))) return 0; found = strstr(cmd, str); if (found) return found - cmd; return 0; } /** * tracing_log_err - write an error to the tracing error log * @tr: The associated trace array for the error (NULL for top level array) * @loc: A string describing where the error occurred * @cmd: The tracing command that caused the error * @errs: The array of loc-specific static error strings * @type: The index into errs[], which produces the specific static err string * @pos: The position the caret should be placed in the cmd * * Writes an error into tracing/error_log of the form: * * <loc>: error: <text> * Command: <cmd> * ^ * * tracing/error_log is a small log file containing the last * TRACING_LOG_ERRS_MAX errors (8). Memory for errors isn't allocated * unless there has been a tracing error, and the error log can be * cleared and have its memory freed by writing the empty string in * truncation mode to it i.e. echo > tracing/error_log. * * NOTE: the @errs array along with the @type param are used to * produce a static error string - this string is not copied and saved * when the error is logged - only a pointer to it is saved. See * existing callers for examples of how static strings are typically * defined for use with tracing_log_err(). */ void tracing_log_err(struct trace_array *tr, const char *loc, const char *cmd, const char **errs, u8 type, u8 pos) { struct tracing_log_err *err; if (!tr) tr = &global_trace; mutex_lock(&tracing_err_log_lock); err = get_tracing_log_err(tr); if (PTR_ERR(err) == -ENOMEM) { mutex_unlock(&tracing_err_log_lock); return; } snprintf(err->loc, TRACING_LOG_LOC_MAX, "%s: error: ", loc); snprintf(err->cmd, MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL,"\n" CMD_PREFIX "%s\n", cmd); err->info.errs = errs; err->info.type = type; err->info.pos = pos; err->info.ts = local_clock(); list_add_tail(&err->list, &tr->err_log); mutex_unlock(&tracing_err_log_lock); } static void clear_tracing_err_log(struct trace_array *tr) { struct tracing_log_err *err, *next; mutex_lock(&tracing_err_log_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(err, next, &tr->err_log, list) { list_del(&err->list); kfree(err); } tr->n_err_log_entries = 0; mutex_unlock(&tracing_err_log_lock); } static void *tracing_err_log_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct trace_array *tr = m->private; mutex_lock(&tracing_err_log_lock); return seq_list_start(&tr->err_log, *pos); } static void *tracing_err_log_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct trace_array *tr = m->private; return seq_list_next(v, &tr->err_log, pos); } static void tracing_err_log_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&tracing_err_log_lock); } static void tracing_err_log_show_pos(struct seq_file *m, u8 pos) { u8 i; for (i = 0; i < sizeof(CMD_PREFIX) - 1; i++) seq_putc(m, ' '); for (i = 0; i < pos; i++) seq_putc(m, ' '); seq_puts(m, "^\n"); } static int tracing_err_log_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct tracing_log_err *err = v; if (err) { const char *err_text = err->info.errs[err->info.type]; u64 sec = err->info.ts; u32 nsec; nsec = do_div(sec, NSEC_PER_SEC); seq_printf(m, "[%5llu.%06u] %s%s", sec, nsec / 1000, err->loc, err_text); seq_printf(m, "%s", err->cmd); tracing_err_log_show_pos(m, err->info.pos); } return 0; } static const struct seq_operations tracing_err_log_seq_ops = { .start = tracing_err_log_seq_start, .next = tracing_err_log_seq_next, .stop = tracing_err_log_seq_stop, .show = tracing_err_log_seq_show }; static int tracing_err_log_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; int ret = 0; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; /* If this file was opened for write, then erase contents */ if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && (file->f_flags & O_TRUNC)) clear_tracing_err_log(tr); if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) { ret = seq_open(file, &tracing_err_log_seq_ops); if (!ret) { struct seq_file *m = file->private_data; m->private = tr; } else { trace_array_put(tr); } } return ret; } static ssize_t tracing_err_log_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { return count; } static int tracing_err_log_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; trace_array_put(tr); if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) seq_release(inode, file); return 0; } static const struct file_operations tracing_err_log_fops = { .open = tracing_err_log_open, .write = tracing_err_log_write, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = tracing_err_log_release, }; static int tracing_buffers_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct ftrace_buffer_info *info; int ret; ret = tracing_check_open_get_tr(tr); if (ret) return ret; info = kvzalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL); if (!info) { trace_array_put(tr); return -ENOMEM; } mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); info->iter.tr = tr; info->iter.cpu_file = tracing_get_cpu(inode); info->iter.trace = tr->current_trace; info->iter.array_buffer = &tr->array_buffer; info->spare = NULL; /* Force reading ring buffer for first read */ info->read = (unsigned int)-1; filp->private_data = info; tr->trace_ref++; mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); ret = nonseekable_open(inode, filp); if (ret < 0) trace_array_put(tr); return ret; } static __poll_t tracing_buffers_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *poll_table) { struct ftrace_buffer_info *info = filp->private_data; struct trace_iterator *iter = &info->iter; return trace_poll(iter, filp, poll_table); } static ssize_t tracing_buffers_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct ftrace_buffer_info *info = filp->private_data; struct trace_iterator *iter = &info->iter; ssize_t ret = 0; ssize_t size; if (!count) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (iter->snapshot && iter->tr->current_trace->use_max_tr) return -EBUSY; #endif if (!info->spare) { info->spare = ring_buffer_alloc_read_page(iter->array_buffer->buffer, iter->cpu_file); if (IS_ERR(info->spare)) { ret = PTR_ERR(info->spare); info->spare = NULL; } else { info->spare_cpu = iter->cpu_file; } } if (!info->spare) return ret; /* Do we have previous read data to read? */ if (info->read < PAGE_SIZE) goto read; again: trace_access_lock(iter->cpu_file); ret = ring_buffer_read_page(iter->array_buffer->buffer, &info->spare, count, iter->cpu_file, 0); trace_access_unlock(iter->cpu_file); if (ret < 0) { if (trace_empty(iter)) { if ((filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)) return -EAGAIN; ret = wait_on_pipe(iter, 0); if (ret) return ret; goto again; } return 0; } info->read = 0; read: size = PAGE_SIZE - info->read; if (size > count) size = count; ret = copy_to_user(ubuf, info->spare + info->read, size); if (ret == size) return -EFAULT; size -= ret; *ppos += size; info->read += size; return size; } static int tracing_buffers_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct ftrace_buffer_info *info = file->private_data; struct trace_iterator *iter = &info->iter; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); iter->tr->trace_ref--; __trace_array_put(iter->tr); if (info->spare) ring_buffer_free_read_page(iter->array_buffer->buffer, info->spare_cpu, info->spare); kvfree(info); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return 0; } struct buffer_ref { struct trace_buffer *buffer; void *page; int cpu; refcount_t refcount; }; static void buffer_ref_release(struct buffer_ref *ref) { if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&ref->refcount)) return; ring_buffer_free_read_page(ref->buffer, ref->cpu, ref->page); kfree(ref); } static void buffer_pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { struct buffer_ref *ref = (struct buffer_ref *)buf->private; buffer_ref_release(ref); buf->private = 0; } static bool buffer_pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { struct buffer_ref *ref = (struct buffer_ref *)buf->private; if (refcount_read(&ref->refcount) > INT_MAX/2) return false; refcount_inc(&ref->refcount); return true; } /* Pipe buffer operations for a buffer. */ static const struct pipe_buf_operations buffer_pipe_buf_ops = { .release = buffer_pipe_buf_release, .get = buffer_pipe_buf_get, }; /* * Callback from splice_to_pipe(), if we need to release some pages * at the end of the spd in case we error'ed out in filling the pipe. */ static void buffer_spd_release(struct splice_pipe_desc *spd, unsigned int i) { struct buffer_ref *ref = (struct buffer_ref *)spd->partial[i].private; buffer_ref_release(ref); spd->partial[i].private = 0; } static ssize_t tracing_buffers_splice_read(struct file *file, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags) { struct ftrace_buffer_info *info = file->private_data; struct trace_iterator *iter = &info->iter; struct partial_page partial_def[PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS]; struct page *pages_def[PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS]; struct splice_pipe_desc spd = { .pages = pages_def, .partial = partial_def, .nr_pages_max = PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS, .ops = &buffer_pipe_buf_ops, .spd_release = buffer_spd_release, }; struct buffer_ref *ref; int entries, i; ssize_t ret = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE if (iter->snapshot && iter->tr->current_trace->use_max_tr) return -EBUSY; #endif if (*ppos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) return -EINVAL; if (len & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) { if (len < PAGE_SIZE) return -EINVAL; len &= PAGE_MASK; } if (splice_grow_spd(pipe, &spd)) return -ENOMEM; again: trace_access_lock(iter->cpu_file); entries = ring_buffer_entries_cpu(iter->array_buffer->buffer, iter->cpu_file); for (i = 0; i < spd.nr_pages_max && len && entries; i++, len -= PAGE_SIZE) { struct page *page; int r; ref = kzalloc(sizeof(*ref), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ref) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } refcount_set(&ref->refcount, 1); ref->buffer = iter->array_buffer->buffer; ref->page = ring_buffer_alloc_read_page(ref->buffer, iter->cpu_file); if (IS_ERR(ref->page)) { ret = PTR_ERR(ref->page); ref->page = NULL; kfree(ref); break; } ref->cpu = iter->cpu_file; r = ring_buffer_read_page(ref->buffer, &ref->page, len, iter->cpu_file, 1); if (r < 0) { ring_buffer_free_read_page(ref->buffer, ref->cpu, ref->page); kfree(ref); break; } page = virt_to_page(ref->page); spd.pages[i] = page; spd.partial[i].len = PAGE_SIZE; spd.partial[i].offset = 0; spd.partial[i].private = (unsigned long)ref; spd.nr_pages++; *ppos += PAGE_SIZE; entries = ring_buffer_entries_cpu(iter->array_buffer->buffer, iter->cpu_file); } trace_access_unlock(iter->cpu_file); spd.nr_pages = i; /* did we read anything? */ if (!spd.nr_pages) { if (ret) goto out; ret = -EAGAIN; if ((file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) || (flags & SPLICE_F_NONBLOCK)) goto out; ret = wait_on_pipe(iter, iter->tr->buffer_percent); if (ret) goto out; goto again; } ret = splice_to_pipe(pipe, &spd); out: splice_shrink_spd(&spd); return ret; } static const struct file_operations tracing_buffers_fops = { .open = tracing_buffers_open, .read = tracing_buffers_read, .poll = tracing_buffers_poll, .release = tracing_buffers_release, .splice_read = tracing_buffers_splice_read, .llseek = no_llseek, }; static ssize_t tracing_stats_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); struct trace_array *tr = inode->i_private; struct array_buffer *trace_buf = &tr->array_buffer; int cpu = tracing_get_cpu(inode); struct trace_seq *s; unsigned long cnt; unsigned long long t; unsigned long usec_rem; s = kmalloc(sizeof(*s), GFP_KERNEL); if (!s) return -ENOMEM; trace_seq_init(s); cnt = ring_buffer_entries_cpu(trace_buf->buffer, cpu); trace_seq_printf(s, "entries: %ld\n", cnt); cnt = ring_buffer_overrun_cpu(trace_buf->buffer, cpu); trace_seq_printf(s, "overrun: %ld\n", cnt); cnt = ring_buffer_commit_overrun_cpu(trace_buf->buffer, cpu); trace_seq_printf(s, "commit overrun: %ld\n", cnt); cnt = ring_buffer_bytes_cpu(trace_buf->buffer, cpu); trace_seq_printf(s, "bytes: %ld\n", cnt); if (trace_clocks[tr->clock_id].in_ns) { /* local or global for trace_clock */ t = ns2usecs(ring_buffer_oldest_event_ts(trace_buf->buffer, cpu)); usec_rem = do_div(t, USEC_PER_SEC); trace_seq_printf(s, "oldest event ts: %5llu.%06lu\n", t, usec_rem); t = ns2usecs(ring_buffer_time_stamp(trace_buf->buffer, cpu)); usec_rem = do_div(t, USEC_PER_SEC); trace_seq_printf(s, "now ts: %5llu.%06lu\n", t, usec_rem); } else { /* counter or tsc mode for trace_clock */ trace_seq_printf(s, "oldest event ts: %llu\n", ring_buffer_oldest_event_ts(trace_buf->buffer, cpu)); trace_seq_printf(s, "now ts: %llu\n", ring_buffer_time_stamp(trace_buf->buffer, cpu)); } cnt = ring_buffer_dropped_events_cpu(trace_buf->buffer, cpu); trace_seq_printf(s, "dropped events: %ld\n", cnt); cnt = ring_buffer_read_events_cpu(trace_buf->buffer, cpu); trace_seq_printf(s, "read events: %ld\n", cnt); count = simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, count, ppos, s->buffer, trace_seq_used(s)); kfree(s); return count; } static const struct file_operations tracing_stats_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .read = tracing_stats_read, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, }; #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE static ssize_t tracing_read_dyn_info(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { ssize_t ret; char *buf; int r; /* 256 should be plenty to hold the amount needed */ buf = kmalloc(256, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) return -ENOMEM; r = scnprintf(buf, 256, "%ld pages:%ld groups: %ld\n", ftrace_update_tot_cnt, ftrace_number_of_pages, ftrace_number_of_groups); ret = simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); kfree(buf); return ret; } static const struct file_operations tracing_dyn_info_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = tracing_read_dyn_info, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; #endif /* CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE */ #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT) && defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) static void ftrace_snapshot(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data) { tracing_snapshot_instance(tr); } static void ftrace_count_snapshot(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data) { struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper = data; long *count = NULL; if (mapper) count = (long *)ftrace_func_mapper_find_ip(mapper, ip); if (count) { if (*count <= 0) return; (*count)--; } tracing_snapshot_instance(tr); } static int ftrace_snapshot_print(struct seq_file *m, unsigned long ip, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data) { struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper = data; long *count = NULL; seq_printf(m, "%ps:", (void *)ip); seq_puts(m, "snapshot"); if (mapper) count = (long *)ftrace_func_mapper_find_ip(mapper, ip); if (count) seq_printf(m, ":count=%ld\n", *count); else seq_puts(m, ":unlimited\n"); return 0; } static int ftrace_snapshot_init(struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, void *init_data, void **data) { struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper = *data; if (!mapper) { mapper = allocate_ftrace_func_mapper(); if (!mapper) return -ENOMEM; *data = mapper; } return ftrace_func_mapper_add_ip(mapper, ip, init_data); } static void ftrace_snapshot_free(struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, void *data) { struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper = data; if (!ip) { if (!mapper) return; free_ftrace_func_mapper(mapper, NULL); return; } ftrace_func_mapper_remove_ip(mapper, ip); } static struct ftrace_probe_ops snapshot_probe_ops = { .func = ftrace_snapshot, .print = ftrace_snapshot_print, }; static struct ftrace_probe_ops snapshot_count_probe_ops = { .func = ftrace_count_snapshot, .print = ftrace_snapshot_print, .init = ftrace_snapshot_init, .free = ftrace_snapshot_free, }; static int ftrace_trace_snapshot_callback(struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_hash *hash, char *glob, char *cmd, char *param, int enable) { struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops; void *count = (void *)-1; char *number; int ret; if (!tr) return -ENODEV; /* hash funcs only work with set_ftrace_filter */ if (!enable) return -EINVAL; ops = param ? &snapshot_count_probe_ops : &snapshot_probe_ops; if (glob[0] == '!') return unregister_ftrace_function_probe_func(glob+1, tr, ops); if (!param) goto out_reg; number = strsep(&param, ":"); if (!strlen(number)) goto out_reg; /* * We use the callback data field (which is a pointer) * as our counter. */ ret = kstrtoul(number, 0, (unsigned long *)&count); if (ret) return ret; out_reg: ret = tracing_alloc_snapshot_instance(tr); if (ret < 0) goto out; ret = register_ftrace_function_probe(glob, tr, ops, count); out: return ret < 0 ? ret : 0; } static struct ftrace_func_command ftrace_snapshot_cmd = { .name = "snapshot", .func = ftrace_trace_snapshot_callback, }; static __init int register_snapshot_cmd(void) { return register_ftrace_command(&ftrace_snapshot_cmd); } #else static inline __init int register_snapshot_cmd(void) { return 0; } #endif /* defined(CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT) && defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) */ static struct dentry *tracing_get_dentry(struct trace_array *tr) { if (WARN_ON(!tr->dir)) return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); /* Top directory uses NULL as the parent */ if (tr->flags & TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL) return NULL; /* All sub buffers have a descriptor */ return tr->dir; } static struct dentry *tracing_dentry_percpu(struct trace_array *tr, int cpu) { struct dentry *d_tracer; if (tr->percpu_dir) return tr->percpu_dir; d_tracer = tracing_get_dentry(tr); if (IS_ERR(d_tracer)) return NULL; tr->percpu_dir = tracefs_create_dir("per_cpu", d_tracer); MEM_FAIL(!tr->percpu_dir, "Could not create tracefs directory 'per_cpu/%d'\n", cpu); return tr->percpu_dir; } static struct dentry * trace_create_cpu_file(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct dentry *parent, void *data, long cpu, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct dentry *ret = trace_create_file(name, mode, parent, data, fops); if (ret) /* See tracing_get_cpu() */ d_inode(ret)->i_cdev = (void *)(cpu + 1); return ret; } static void tracing_init_tracefs_percpu(struct trace_array *tr, long cpu) { struct dentry *d_percpu = tracing_dentry_percpu(tr, cpu); struct dentry *d_cpu; char cpu_dir[30]; /* 30 characters should be more than enough */ if (!d_percpu) return; snprintf(cpu_dir, 30, "cpu%ld", cpu); d_cpu = tracefs_create_dir(cpu_dir, d_percpu); if (!d_cpu) { pr_warn("Could not create tracefs '%s' entry\n", cpu_dir); return; } /* per cpu trace_pipe */ trace_create_cpu_file("trace_pipe", 0444, d_cpu, tr, cpu, &tracing_pipe_fops); /* per cpu trace */ trace_create_cpu_file("trace", 0644, d_cpu, tr, cpu, &tracing_fops); trace_create_cpu_file("trace_pipe_raw", 0444, d_cpu, tr, cpu, &tracing_buffers_fops); trace_create_cpu_file("stats", 0444, d_cpu, tr, cpu, &tracing_stats_fops); trace_create_cpu_file("buffer_size_kb", 0444, d_cpu, tr, cpu, &tracing_entries_fops); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT trace_create_cpu_file("snapshot", 0644, d_cpu, tr, cpu, &snapshot_fops); trace_create_cpu_file("snapshot_raw", 0444, d_cpu, tr, cpu, &snapshot_raw_fops); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SELFTEST /* Let selftest have access to static functions in this file */ #include "trace_selftest.c" #endif static ssize_t trace_options_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_option_dentry *topt = filp->private_data; char *buf; if (topt->flags->val & topt->opt->bit) buf = "1\n"; else buf = "0\n"; return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t trace_options_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_option_dentry *topt = filp->private_data; unsigned long val; int ret; ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; if (val != 0 && val != 1) return -EINVAL; if (!!(topt->flags->val & topt->opt->bit) != val) { mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = __set_tracer_option(topt->tr, topt->flags, topt->opt, !val); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); if (ret) return ret; } *ppos += cnt; return cnt; } static const struct file_operations trace_options_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = trace_options_read, .write = trace_options_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; /* * In order to pass in both the trace_array descriptor as well as the index * to the flag that the trace option file represents, the trace_array * has a character array of trace_flags_index[], which holds the index * of the bit for the flag it represents. index[0] == 0, index[1] == 1, etc. * The address of this character array is passed to the flag option file * read/write callbacks. * * In order to extract both the index and the trace_array descriptor, * get_tr_index() uses the following algorithm. * * idx = *ptr; * * As the pointer itself contains the address of the index (remember * index[1] == 1). * * Then to get the trace_array descriptor, by subtracting that index * from the ptr, we get to the start of the index itself. * * ptr - idx == &index[0] * * Then a simple container_of() from that pointer gets us to the * trace_array descriptor. */ static void get_tr_index(void *data, struct trace_array **ptr, unsigned int *pindex) { *pindex = *(unsigned char *)data; *ptr = container_of(data - *pindex, struct trace_array, trace_flags_index); } static ssize_t trace_options_core_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { void *tr_index = filp->private_data; struct trace_array *tr; unsigned int index; char *buf; get_tr_index(tr_index, &tr, &index); if (tr->trace_flags & (1 << index)) buf = "1\n"; else buf = "0\n"; return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t trace_options_core_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { void *tr_index = filp->private_data; struct trace_array *tr; unsigned int index; unsigned long val; int ret; get_tr_index(tr_index, &tr, &index); ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; if (val != 0 && val != 1) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = set_tracer_flag(tr, 1 << index, val); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); if (ret < 0) return ret; *ppos += cnt; return cnt; } static const struct file_operations trace_options_core_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic, .read = trace_options_core_read, .write = trace_options_core_write, .llseek = generic_file_llseek, }; struct dentry *trace_create_file(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct dentry *parent, void *data, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct dentry *ret; ret = tracefs_create_file(name, mode, parent, data, fops); if (!ret) pr_warn("Could not create tracefs '%s' entry\n", name); return ret; } static struct dentry *trace_options_init_dentry(struct trace_array *tr) { struct dentry *d_tracer; if (tr->options) return tr->options; d_tracer = tracing_get_dentry(tr); if (IS_ERR(d_tracer)) return NULL; tr->options = tracefs_create_dir("options", d_tracer); if (!tr->options) { pr_warn("Could not create tracefs directory 'options'\n"); return NULL; } return tr->options; } static void create_trace_option_file(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_option_dentry *topt, struct tracer_flags *flags, struct tracer_opt *opt) { struct dentry *t_options; t_options = trace_options_init_dentry(tr); if (!t_options) return; topt->flags = flags; topt->opt = opt; topt->tr = tr; topt->entry = trace_create_file(opt->name, 0644, t_options, topt, &trace_options_fops); } static void create_trace_option_files(struct trace_array *tr, struct tracer *tracer) { struct trace_option_dentry *topts; struct trace_options *tr_topts; struct tracer_flags *flags; struct tracer_opt *opts; int cnt; int i; if (!tracer) return; flags = tracer->flags; if (!flags || !flags->opts) return; /* * If this is an instance, only create flags for tracers * the instance may have. */ if (!trace_ok_for_array(tracer, tr)) return; for (i = 0; i < tr->nr_topts; i++) { /* Make sure there's no duplicate flags. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tr->topts[i].tracer->flags == tracer->flags)) return; } opts = flags->opts; for (cnt = 0; opts[cnt].name; cnt++) ; topts = kcalloc(cnt + 1, sizeof(*topts), GFP_KERNEL); if (!topts) return; tr_topts = krealloc(tr->topts, sizeof(*tr->topts) * (tr->nr_topts + 1), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tr_topts) { kfree(topts); return; } tr->topts = tr_topts; tr->topts[tr->nr_topts].tracer = tracer; tr->topts[tr->nr_topts].topts = topts; tr->nr_topts++; for (cnt = 0; opts[cnt].name; cnt++) { create_trace_option_file(tr, &topts[cnt], flags, &opts[cnt]); MEM_FAIL(topts[cnt].entry == NULL, "Failed to create trace option: %s", opts[cnt].name); } } static struct dentry * create_trace_option_core_file(struct trace_array *tr, const char *option, long index) { struct dentry *t_options; t_options = trace_options_init_dentry(tr); if (!t_options) return NULL; return trace_create_file(option, 0644, t_options, (void *)&tr->trace_flags_index[index], &trace_options_core_fops); } static void create_trace_options_dir(struct trace_array *tr) { struct dentry *t_options; bool top_level = tr == &global_trace; int i; t_options = trace_options_init_dentry(tr); if (!t_options) return; for (i = 0; trace_options[i]; i++) { if (top_level || !((1 << i) & TOP_LEVEL_TRACE_FLAGS)) create_trace_option_core_file(tr, trace_options[i], i); } } static ssize_t rb_simple_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; char buf[64]; int r; r = tracer_tracing_is_on(tr); r = sprintf(buf, "%d\n", r); return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); } static ssize_t rb_simple_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; struct trace_buffer *buffer = tr->array_buffer.buffer; unsigned long val; int ret; ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; if (buffer) { mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); if (!!val == tracer_tracing_is_on(tr)) { val = 0; /* do nothing */ } else if (val) { tracer_tracing_on(tr); if (tr->current_trace->start) tr->current_trace->start(tr); } else { tracer_tracing_off(tr); if (tr->current_trace->stop) tr->current_trace->stop(tr); } mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); } (*ppos)++; return cnt; } static const struct file_operations rb_simple_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .read = rb_simple_read, .write = rb_simple_write, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static ssize_t buffer_percent_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; char buf[64]; int r; r = tr->buffer_percent; r = sprintf(buf, "%d\n", r); return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, r); } static ssize_t buffer_percent_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos) { struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data; unsigned long val; int ret; ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val); if (ret) return ret; if (val > 100) return -EINVAL; if (!val) val = 1; tr->buffer_percent = val; (*ppos)++; return cnt; } static const struct file_operations buffer_percent_fops = { .open = tracing_open_generic_tr, .read = buffer_percent_read, .write = buffer_percent_write, .release = tracing_release_generic_tr, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static struct dentry *trace_instance_dir; static void init_tracer_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer); static int allocate_trace_buffer(struct trace_array *tr, struct array_buffer *buf, int size) { enum ring_buffer_flags rb_flags; rb_flags = tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_OVERWRITE ? RB_FL_OVERWRITE : 0; buf->tr = tr; buf->buffer = ring_buffer_alloc(size, rb_flags); if (!buf->buffer) return -ENOMEM; buf->data = alloc_percpu(struct trace_array_cpu); if (!buf->data) { ring_buffer_free(buf->buffer); buf->buffer = NULL; return -ENOMEM; } /* Allocate the first page for all buffers */ set_buffer_entries(&tr->array_buffer, ring_buffer_size(tr->array_buffer.buffer, 0)); return 0; } static int allocate_trace_buffers(struct trace_array *tr, int size) { int ret; ret = allocate_trace_buffer(tr, &tr->array_buffer, size); if (ret) return ret; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE ret = allocate_trace_buffer(tr, &tr->max_buffer, allocate_snapshot ? size : 1); if (MEM_FAIL(ret, "Failed to allocate trace buffer\n")) { ring_buffer_free(tr->array_buffer.buffer); tr->array_buffer.buffer = NULL; free_percpu(tr->array_buffer.data); tr->array_buffer.data = NULL; return -ENOMEM; } tr->allocated_snapshot = allocate_snapshot; /* * Only the top level trace array gets its snapshot allocated * from the kernel command line. */ allocate_snapshot = false; #endif return 0; } static void free_trace_buffer(struct array_buffer *buf) { if (buf->buffer) { ring_buffer_free(buf->buffer); buf->buffer = NULL; free_percpu(buf->data); buf->data = NULL; } } static void free_trace_buffers(struct trace_array *tr) { if (!tr) return; free_trace_buffer(&tr->array_buffer); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE free_trace_buffer(&tr->max_buffer); #endif } static void init_trace_flags_index(struct trace_array *tr) { int i; /* Used by the trace options files */ for (i = 0; i < TRACE_FLAGS_MAX_SIZE; i++) tr->trace_flags_index[i] = i; } static void __update_tracer_options(struct trace_array *tr) { struct tracer *t; for (t = trace_types; t; t = t->next) add_tracer_options(tr, t); } static void update_tracer_options(struct trace_array *tr) { mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); __update_tracer_options(tr); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); } /* Must have trace_types_lock held */ struct trace_array *trace_array_find(const char *instance) { struct trace_array *tr, *found = NULL; list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) { if (tr->name && strcmp(tr->name, instance) == 0) { found = tr; break; } } return found; } struct trace_array *trace_array_find_get(const char *instance) { struct trace_array *tr; mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); tr = trace_array_find(instance); if (tr) tr->ref++; mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); return tr; } static int trace_array_create_dir(struct trace_array *tr) { int ret; tr->dir = tracefs_create_dir(tr->name, trace_instance_dir); if (!tr->dir) return -EINVAL; ret = event_trace_add_tracer(tr->dir, tr); if (ret) { tracefs_remove(tr->dir); return ret; } init_tracer_tracefs(tr, tr->dir); __update_tracer_options(tr); return ret; } static struct trace_array *trace_array_create(const char *name) { struct trace_array *tr; int ret; ret = -ENOMEM; tr = kzalloc(sizeof(*tr), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tr) return ERR_PTR(ret); tr->name = kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!tr->name) goto out_free_tr; if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tr->tracing_cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) goto out_free_tr; tr->trace_flags = global_trace.trace_flags & ~ZEROED_TRACE_FLAGS; cpumask_copy(tr->tracing_cpumask, cpu_all_mask); raw_spin_lock_init(&tr->start_lock); tr->max_lock = (arch_spinlock_t)__ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED; tr->current_trace = &nop_trace; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tr->systems); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tr->events); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tr->hist_vars); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tr->err_log); if (allocate_trace_buffers(tr, trace_buf_size) < 0) goto out_free_tr; if (ftrace_allocate_ftrace_ops(tr) < 0) goto out_free_tr; ftrace_init_trace_array(tr); init_trace_flags_index(tr); if (trace_instance_dir) { ret = trace_array_create_dir(tr); if (ret) goto out_free_tr; } else __trace_early_add_events(tr); list_add(&tr->list, &ftrace_trace_arrays); tr->ref++; return tr; out_free_tr: ftrace_free_ftrace_ops(tr); free_trace_buffers(tr); free_cpumask_var(tr->tracing_cpumask); kfree(tr->name); kfree(tr); return ERR_PTR(ret); } static int instance_mkdir(const char *name) { struct trace_array *tr; int ret; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = -EEXIST; if (trace_array_find(name)) goto out_unlock; tr = trace_array_create(name); ret = PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(tr); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); return ret; } /** * trace_array_get_by_name - Create/Lookup a trace array, given its name. * @name: The name of the trace array to be looked up/created. * * Returns pointer to trace array with given name. * NULL, if it cannot be created. * * NOTE: This function increments the reference counter associated with the * trace array returned. This makes sure it cannot be freed while in use. * Use trace_array_put() once the trace array is no longer needed. * If the trace_array is to be freed, trace_array_destroy() needs to * be called after the trace_array_put(), or simply let user space delete * it from the tracefs instances directory. But until the * trace_array_put() is called, user space can not delete it. * */ struct trace_array *trace_array_get_by_name(const char *name) { struct trace_array *tr; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) { if (tr->name && strcmp(tr->name, name) == 0) goto out_unlock; } tr = trace_array_create(name); if (IS_ERR(tr)) tr = NULL; out_unlock: if (tr) tr->ref++; mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); return tr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_array_get_by_name); static int __remove_instance(struct trace_array *tr) { int i; /* Reference counter for a newly created trace array = 1. */ if (tr->ref > 1 || (tr->current_trace && tr->trace_ref)) return -EBUSY; list_del(&tr->list); /* Disable all the flags that were enabled coming in */ for (i = 0; i < TRACE_FLAGS_MAX_SIZE; i++) { if ((1 << i) & ZEROED_TRACE_FLAGS) set_tracer_flag(tr, 1 << i, 0); } tracing_set_nop(tr); clear_ftrace_function_probes(tr); event_trace_del_tracer(tr); ftrace_clear_pids(tr); ftrace_destroy_function_files(tr); tracefs_remove(tr->dir); free_trace_buffers(tr); for (i = 0; i < tr->nr_topts; i++) { kfree(tr->topts[i].topts); } kfree(tr->topts); free_cpumask_var(tr->tracing_cpumask); kfree(tr->name); kfree(tr); return 0; } int trace_array_destroy(struct trace_array *this_tr) { struct trace_array *tr; int ret; if (!this_tr) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = -ENODEV; /* Making sure trace array exists before destroying it. */ list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) { if (tr == this_tr) { ret = __remove_instance(tr); break; } } mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_array_destroy); static int instance_rmdir(const char *name) { struct trace_array *tr; int ret; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); ret = -ENODEV; tr = trace_array_find(name); if (tr) ret = __remove_instance(tr); mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); return ret; } static __init void create_trace_instances(struct dentry *d_tracer) { struct trace_array *tr; trace_instance_dir = tracefs_create_instance_dir("instances", d_tracer, instance_mkdir, instance_rmdir); if (MEM_FAIL(!trace_instance_dir, "Failed to create instances directory\n")) return; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock); list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) { if (!tr->name) continue; if (MEM_FAIL(trace_array_create_dir(tr) < 0, "Failed to create instance directory\n")) break; } mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock); mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); } static void init_tracer_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer) { struct trace_event_file *file; int cpu; trace_create_file("available_tracers", 0444, d_tracer, tr, &show_traces_fops); trace_create_file("current_tracer", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &set_tracer_fops); trace_create_file("tracing_cpumask", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_cpumask_fops); trace_create_file("trace_options", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_iter_fops); trace_create_file("trace", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_fops); trace_create_file("trace_pipe", 0444, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_pipe_fops); trace_create_file("buffer_size_kb", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_entries_fops); trace_create_file("buffer_total_size_kb", 0444, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_total_entries_fops); trace_create_file("free_buffer", 0200, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_free_buffer_fops); trace_create_file("trace_marker", 0220, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_mark_fops); file = __find_event_file(tr, "ftrace", "print"); if (file && file->dir) trace_create_file("trigger", 0644, file->dir, file, &event_trigger_fops); tr->trace_marker_file = file; trace_create_file("trace_marker_raw", 0220, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_mark_raw_fops); trace_create_file("trace_clock", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &trace_clock_fops); trace_create_file("tracing_on", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &rb_simple_fops); trace_create_file("timestamp_mode", 0444, d_tracer, tr, &trace_time_stamp_mode_fops); tr->buffer_percent = 50; trace_create_file("buffer_percent", 0444, d_tracer, tr, &buffer_percent_fops); create_trace_options_dir(tr); #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER) trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer); #endif if (ftrace_create_function_files(tr, d_tracer)) MEM_FAIL(1, "Could not allocate function filter files"); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT trace_create_file("snapshot", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &snapshot_fops); #endif trace_create_file("error_log", 0644, d_tracer, tr, &tracing_err_log_fops); for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) tracing_init_tracefs_percpu(tr, cpu); ftrace_init_tracefs(tr, d_tracer); } static struct vfsmount *trace_automount(struct dentry *mntpt, void *ingore) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct file_system_type *type; /* * To maintain backward compatibility for tools that mount * debugfs to get to the tracing facility, tracefs is automatically * mounted to the debugfs/tracing directory. */ type = get_fs_type("tracefs"); if (!type) return NULL; mnt = vfs_submount(mntpt, type, "tracefs", NULL); put_filesystem(type); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) return NULL; mntget(mnt); return mnt; } /** * tracing_init_dentry - initialize top level trace array * * This is called when creating files or directories in the tracing * directory. It is called via fs_initcall() by any of the boot up code * and expects to return the dentry of the top level tracing directory. */ int tracing_init_dentry(void) { struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace; if (security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TRACEFS)) { pr_warn("Tracing disabled due to lockdown\n"); return -EPERM; } /* The top level trace array uses NULL as parent */ if (tr->dir) return 0; if (WARN_ON(!tracefs_initialized())) return -ENODEV; /* * As there may still be users that expect the tracing * files to exist in debugfs/tracing, we must automount * the tracefs file system there, so older tools still * work with the newer kerenl. */ tr->dir = debugfs_create_automount("tracing", NULL, trace_automount, NULL); return 0; } extern struct trace_eval_map *__start_ftrace_eval_maps[]; extern struct trace_eval_map *__stop_ftrace_eval_maps[]; static void __init trace_eval_init(void) { int len; len = __stop_ftrace_eval_maps - __start_ftrace_eval_maps; trace_insert_eval_map(NULL, __start_ftrace_eval_maps, len); } #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES static void trace_module_add_evals(struct module *mod) { if (!mod->num_trace_evals) return; /* * Modules with bad taint do not have events created, do * not bother with enums either. */ if (trace_module_has_bad_taint(mod)) return; trace_insert_eval_map(mod, mod->trace_evals, mod->num_trace_evals); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE static void trace_module_remove_evals(struct module *mod) { union trace_eval_map_item *map; union trace_eval_map_item **last = &trace_eval_maps; if (!mod->num_trace_evals) return; mutex_lock(&trace_eval_mutex); map = trace_eval_maps; while (map) { if (map->head.mod == mod) break; map = trace_eval_jmp_to_tail(map); last = &map->tail.next; map = map->tail.next; } if (!map) goto out; *last = trace_eval_jmp_to_tail(map)->tail.next; kfree(map); out: mutex_unlock(&trace_eval_mutex); } #else static inline void trace_module_remove_evals(struct module *mod) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE */ static int trace_module_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; switch (val) { case MODULE_STATE_COMING: trace_module_add_evals(mod); break; case MODULE_STATE_GOING: trace_module_remove_evals(mod); break; } return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block trace_module_nb = { .notifier_call = trace_module_notify, .priority = 0, }; #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */ static __init int tracer_init_tracefs(void) { int ret; trace_access_lock_init(); ret = tracing_init_dentry(); if (ret) return 0; event_trace_init(); init_tracer_tracefs(&global_trace, NULL); ftrace_init_tracefs_toplevel(&global_trace, NULL); trace_create_file("tracing_thresh", 0644, NULL, &global_trace, &tracing_thresh_fops); trace_create_file("README", 0444, NULL, NULL, &tracing_readme_fops); trace_create_file("saved_cmdlines", 0444, NULL, NULL, &tracing_saved_cmdlines_fops); trace_create_file("saved_cmdlines_size", 0644, NULL, NULL, &tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_fops); trace_create_file("saved_tgids", 0444, NULL, NULL, &tracing_saved_tgids_fops); trace_eval_init(); trace_create_eval_file(NULL); #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES register_module_notifier(&trace_module_nb); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE trace_create_file("dyn_ftrace_total_info", 0444, NULL, NULL, &tracing_dyn_info_fops); #endif create_trace_instances(NULL); update_tracer_options(&global_trace); return 0; } static int trace_panic_handler(struct notifier_block *this, unsigned long event, void *unused) { if (ftrace_dump_on_oops) ftrace_dump(ftrace_dump_on_oops); return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block trace_panic_notifier = { .notifier_call = trace_panic_handler, .next = NULL, .priority = 150 /* priority: INT_MAX >= x >= 0 */ }; static int trace_die_handler(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { switch (val) { case DIE_OOPS: if (ftrace_dump_on_oops) ftrace_dump(ftrace_dump_on_oops); break; default: break; } return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block trace_die_notifier = { .notifier_call = trace_die_handler, .priority = 200 }; /* * printk is set to max of 1024, we really don't need it that big. * Nothing should be printing 1000 characters anyway. */ #define TRACE_MAX_PRINT 1000 /* * Define here KERN_TRACE so that we have one place to modify * it if we decide to change what log level the ftrace dump * should be at. */ #define KERN_TRACE KERN_EMERG void trace_printk_seq(struct trace_seq *s) { /* Probably should print a warning here. */ if (s->seq.len >= TRACE_MAX_PRINT) s->seq.len = TRACE_MAX_PRINT; /* * More paranoid code. Although the buffer size is set to * PAGE_SIZE, and TRACE_MAX_PRINT is 1000, this is just * an extra layer of protection. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(s->seq.len >= s->seq.size)) s->seq.len = s->seq.size - 1; /* should be zero ended, but we are paranoid. */ s->buffer[s->seq.len] = 0; printk(KERN_TRACE "%s", s->buffer); trace_seq_init(s); } void trace_init_global_iter(struct trace_iterator *iter) { iter->tr = &global_trace; iter->trace = iter->tr->current_trace; iter->cpu_file = RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS; iter->array_buffer = &global_trace.array_buffer; if (iter->trace && iter->trace->open) iter->trace->open(iter); /* Annotate start of buffers if we had overruns */ if (ring_buffer_overruns(iter->array_buffer->buffer)) iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_ANNOTATE; /* Output in nanoseconds only if we are using a clock in nanoseconds. */ if (trace_clocks[iter->tr->clock_id].in_ns) iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS; } void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode) { /* use static because iter can be a bit big for the stack */ static struct trace_iterator iter; static atomic_t dump_running; struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace; unsigned int old_userobj; unsigned long flags; int cnt = 0, cpu; /* Only allow one dump user at a time. */ if (atomic_inc_return(&dump_running) != 1) { atomic_dec(&dump_running); return; } /* * Always turn off tracing when we dump. * We don't need to show trace output of what happens * between multiple crashes. * * If the user does a sysrq-z, then they can re-enable * tracing with echo 1 > tracing_on. */ tracing_off(); local_irq_save(flags); printk_nmi_direct_enter(); /* Simulate the iterator */ trace_init_global_iter(&iter); /* Can not use kmalloc for iter.temp */ iter.temp = static_temp_buf; iter.temp_size = STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE; for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { atomic_inc(&per_cpu_ptr(iter.array_buffer->data, cpu)->disabled); } old_userobj = tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_SYM_USEROBJ; /* don't look at user memory in panic mode */ tr->trace_flags &= ~TRACE_ITER_SYM_USEROBJ; switch (oops_dump_mode) { case DUMP_ALL: iter.cpu_file = RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS; break; case DUMP_ORIG: iter.cpu_file = raw_smp_processor_id(); break; case DUMP_NONE: goto out_enable; default: printk(KERN_TRACE "Bad dumping mode, switching to all CPUs dump\n"); iter.cpu_file = RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS; } printk(KERN_TRACE "Dumping ftrace buffer:\n"); /* Did function tracer already get disabled? */ if (ftrace_is_dead()) { printk("# WARNING: FUNCTION TRACING IS CORRUPTED\n"); printk("# MAY BE MISSING FUNCTION EVENTS\n"); } /* * We need to stop all tracing on all CPUS to read * the next buffer. This is a bit expensive, but is * not done often. We fill all what we can read, * and then release the locks again. */ while (!trace_empty(&iter)) { if (!cnt) printk(KERN_TRACE "---------------------------------\n"); cnt++; trace_iterator_reset(&iter); iter.iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT; if (trace_find_next_entry_inc(&iter) != NULL) { int ret; ret = print_trace_line(&iter); if (ret != TRACE_TYPE_NO_CONSUME) trace_consume(&iter); } touch_nmi_watchdog(); trace_printk_seq(&iter.seq); } if (!cnt) printk(KERN_TRACE " (ftrace buffer empty)\n"); else printk(KERN_TRACE "---------------------------------\n"); out_enable: tr->trace_flags |= old_userobj; for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) { atomic_dec(&per_cpu_ptr(iter.array_buffer->data, cpu)->disabled); } atomic_dec(&dump_running); printk_nmi_direct_exit(); local_irq_restore(flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ftrace_dump); int trace_run_command(const char *buf, int (*createfn)(int, char **)) { char **argv; int argc, ret; argc = 0; ret = 0; argv = argv_split(GFP_KERNEL, buf, &argc); if (!argv) return -ENOMEM; if (argc) ret = createfn(argc, argv); argv_free(argv); return ret; } #define WRITE_BUFSIZE 4096 ssize_t trace_parse_run_command(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, int (*createfn)(int, char **)) { char *kbuf, *buf, *tmp; int ret = 0; size_t done = 0; size_t size; kbuf = kmalloc(WRITE_BUFSIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!kbuf) return -ENOMEM; while (done < count) { size = count - done; if (size >= WRITE_BUFSIZE) size = WRITE_BUFSIZE - 1; if (copy_from_user(kbuf, buffer + done, size)) { ret = -EFAULT; goto out; } kbuf[size] = '\0'; buf = kbuf; do { tmp = strchr(buf, '\n'); if (tmp) { *tmp = '\0'; size = tmp - buf + 1; } else { size = strlen(buf); if (done + size < count) { if (buf != kbuf) break; /* This can accept WRITE_BUFSIZE - 2 ('\n' + '\0') */ pr_warn("Line length is too long: Should be less than %d\n", WRITE_BUFSIZE - 2); ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } done += size; /* Remove comments */ tmp = strchr(buf, '#'); if (tmp) *tmp = '\0'; ret = trace_run_command(buf, createfn); if (ret) goto out; buf += size; } while (done < count); } ret = done; out: kfree(kbuf); return ret; } __init static int tracer_alloc_buffers(void) { int ring_buf_size; int ret = -ENOMEM; if (security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TRACEFS)) { pr_warn("Tracing disabled due to lockdown\n"); return -EPERM; } /* * Make sure we don't accidentally add more trace options * than we have bits for. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(TRACE_ITER_LAST_BIT > TRACE_FLAGS_MAX_SIZE); if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tracing_buffer_mask, GFP_KERNEL)) goto out; if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&global_trace.tracing_cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) goto out_free_buffer_mask; /* Only allocate trace_printk buffers if a trace_printk exists */ if (&__stop___trace_bprintk_fmt != &__start___trace_bprintk_fmt) /* Must be called before global_trace.buffer is allocated */ trace_printk_init_buffers(); /* To save memory, keep the ring buffer size to its minimum */ if (ring_buffer_expanded) ring_buf_size = trace_buf_size; else ring_buf_size = 1; cpumask_copy(tracing_buffer_mask, cpu_possible_mask); cpumask_copy(global_trace.tracing_cpumask, cpu_all_mask); raw_spin_lock_init(&global_trace.start_lock); /* * The prepare callbacks allocates some memory for the ring buffer. We * don't free the buffer if the CPU goes down. If we were to free * the buffer, then the user would lose any trace that was in the * buffer. The memory will be removed once the "instance" is removed. */ ret = cpuhp_setup_state_multi(CPUHP_TRACE_RB_PREPARE, "trace/RB:preapre", trace_rb_cpu_prepare, NULL); if (ret < 0) goto out_free_cpumask; /* Used for event triggers */ ret = -ENOMEM; temp_buffer = ring_buffer_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, RB_FL_OVERWRITE); if (!temp_buffer) goto out_rm_hp_state; if (trace_create_savedcmd() < 0) goto out_free_temp_buffer; /* TODO: make the number of buffers hot pluggable with CPUS */ if (allocate_trace_buffers(&global_trace, ring_buf_size) < 0) { MEM_FAIL(1, "tracer: failed to allocate ring buffer!\n"); goto out_free_savedcmd; } if (global_trace.buffer_disabled) tracing_off(); if (trace_boot_clock) { ret = tracing_set_clock(&global_trace, trace_boot_clock); if (ret < 0) pr_warn("Trace clock %s not defined, going back to default\n", trace_boot_clock); } /* * register_tracer() might reference current_trace, so it * needs to be set before we register anything. This is * just a bootstrap of current_trace anyway. */ global_trace.current_trace = &nop_trace; global_trace.max_lock = (arch_spinlock_t)__ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED; ftrace_init_global_array_ops(&global_trace); init_trace_flags_index(&global_trace); register_tracer(&nop_trace); /* Function tracing may start here (via kernel command line) */ init_function_trace(); /* All seems OK, enable tracing */ tracing_disabled = 0; atomic_notifier_chain_register(&panic_notifier_list, &trace_panic_notifier); register_die_notifier(&trace_die_notifier); global_trace.flags = TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&global_trace.systems); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&global_trace.events); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&global_trace.hist_vars); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&global_trace.err_log); list_add(&global_trace.list, &ftrace_trace_arrays); apply_trace_boot_options(); register_snapshot_cmd(); return 0; out_free_savedcmd: free_saved_cmdlines_buffer(savedcmd); out_free_temp_buffer: ring_buffer_free(temp_buffer); out_rm_hp_state: cpuhp_remove_multi_state(CPUHP_TRACE_RB_PREPARE); out_free_cpumask: free_cpumask_var(global_trace.tracing_cpumask); out_free_buffer_mask: free_cpumask_var(tracing_buffer_mask); out: return ret; } void __init early_trace_init(void) { if (tracepoint_printk) { tracepoint_print_iter = kmalloc(sizeof(*tracepoint_print_iter), GFP_KERNEL); if (MEM_FAIL(!tracepoint_print_iter, "Failed to allocate trace iterator\n")) tracepoint_printk = 0; else static_key_enable(&tracepoint_printk_key.key); } tracer_alloc_buffers(); } void __init trace_init(void) { trace_event_init(); } __init static int clear_boot_tracer(void) { /* * The default tracer at boot buffer is an init section. * This function is called in lateinit. If we did not * find the boot tracer, then clear it out, to prevent * later registration from accessing the buffer that is * about to be freed. */ if (!default_bootup_tracer) return 0; printk(KERN_INFO "ftrace bootup tracer '%s' not registered.\n", default_bootup_tracer); default_bootup_tracer = NULL; return 0; } fs_initcall(tracer_init_tracefs); late_initcall_sync(clear_boot_tracer); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK __init static int tracing_set_default_clock(void) { /* sched_clock_stable() is determined in late_initcall */ if (!trace_boot_clock && !sched_clock_stable()) { if (security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TRACEFS)) { pr_warn("Can not set tracing clock due to lockdown\n"); return -EPERM; } printk(KERN_WARNING "Unstable clock detected, switching default tracing clock to \"global\"\n" "If you want to keep using the local clock, then add:\n" " \"trace_clock=local\"\n" "on the kernel command line\n"); tracing_set_clock(&global_trace, "global"); } return 0; } late_initcall_sync(tracing_set_default_clock); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #include <linux/const.h> #include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * This file contains the functions and defines necessary to modify and use * the x86-64 page table tree. */ #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> extern p4d_t level4_kernel_pgt[512]; extern p4d_t level4_ident_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_ident_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_fixmap_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_ident_pgt[512]; extern pte_t level1_fixmap_pgt[512 * FIXMAP_PMD_NUM]; extern pgd_t init_top_pgt[]; #define swapper_pg_dir init_top_pgt extern void paging_init(void); static inline void sync_initial_page_table(void) { } #define pte_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pte %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pte_val(e)) #define pmd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pmd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pmd_val(e)) #define pud_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pud %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pud_val(e)) #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 #define p4d_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad p4d %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), p4d_val(e)) #endif #define pgd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pgd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pgd_val(e)) struct mm_struct; #define mm_p4d_folded mm_p4d_folded static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !pgtable_l5_enabled(); } void set_pte_vaddr_p4d(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); void set_pte_vaddr_pud(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); static inline void native_set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { WRITE_ONCE(*ptep, pte); } static inline void native_pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { native_set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void native_set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { native_set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void native_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); } static inline void native_pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmd) { native_set_pmd(pmd, native_make_pmd(0)); } static inline pte_t native_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pte(xchg(&xp->pte, 0)); #else /* native_local_ptep_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pte_t ret = *xp; native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, xp); return ret; #endif } static inline pmd_t native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pmd(xchg(&xp->pmd, 0)); #else /* native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pmd_t ret = *xp; native_pmd_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { WRITE_ONCE(*pudp, pud); } static inline void native_pud_clear(pud_t *pud) { native_set_pud(pud, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline pud_t native_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pud(xchg(&xp->pud, 0)); #else /* native_local_pudp_get_and_clear, * but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pud_t ret = *xp; native_pud_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { pgd_t pgd; if (pgtable_l5_enabled() || !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) { WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d); return; } pgd = native_make_pgd(native_p4d_val(p4d)); pgd = pti_set_user_pgtbl((pgd_t *)p4dp, pgd); WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, native_make_p4d(native_pgd_val(pgd))); } static inline void native_p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4d) { native_set_p4d(p4d, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void native_set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pgdp, pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd)); } static inline void native_pgd_clear(pgd_t *pgd) { native_set_pgd(pgd, native_make_pgd(0)); } /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. */ /* PGD - Level 4 access */ /* PUD - Level 3 access */ /* PMD - Level 2 access */ /* PTE - Level 1 access */ /* * Encode and de-code a swap entry * * | ... | 11| 10| 9|8|7|6|5| 4| 3|2| 1|0| <- bit number * | ... |SW3|SW2|SW1|G|L|D|A|CD|WT|U| W|P| <- bit names * | TYPE (59-63) | ~OFFSET (9-58) |0|0|X|X| X| X|F|SD|0| <- swp entry * * G (8) is aliased and used as a PROT_NONE indicator for * !present ptes. We need to start storing swap entries above * there. We also need to avoid using A and D because of an * erratum where they can be incorrectly set by hardware on * non-present PTEs. * * SD Bits 1-4 are not used in non-present format and available for * special use described below: * * SD (1) in swp entry is used to store soft dirty bit, which helps us * remember soft dirty over page migration * * F (2) in swp entry is used to record when a pagetable is * writeprotected by userfaultfd WP support. * * Bit 7 in swp entry should be 0 because pmd_present checks not only P, * but also L and G. * * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define SWP_TYPE_BITS 5 #define SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT (_PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE + 1) /* We always extract/encode the offset by shifting it all the way up, and then down again */ #define SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT (SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT+SWP_TYPE_BITS) #define MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK() BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT > SWP_TYPE_BITS) /* Extract the high bits for type */ #define __swp_type(x) ((x).val >> (64 - SWP_TYPE_BITS)) /* Shift up (to get rid of type), then down to get value */ #define __swp_offset(x) (~(x).val << SWP_TYPE_BITS >> SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT) /* * Shift the offset up "too far" by TYPE bits, then down again * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define __swp_entry(type, offset) ((swp_entry_t) { \ (~(unsigned long)(offset) << SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT >> SWP_TYPE_BITS) \ | ((unsigned long)(type) << (64-SWP_TYPE_BITS)) }) #define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val((pte)) }) #define __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd) ((swp_entry_t) { pmd_val((pmd)) }) #define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { .pte = (x).val }) #define __swp_entry_to_pmd(x) ((pmd_t) { .pmd = (x).val }) extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr); extern void cleanup_highmap(void); #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN #define PAGE_AGP PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE #define HAVE_PAGE_AGP 1 /* fs/proc/kcore.c */ #define kc_vaddr_to_offset(v) ((v) & __VIRTUAL_MASK) #define kc_offset_to_vaddr(o) ((o) | ~__VIRTUAL_MASK) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME #define vmemmap ((struct page *)VMEMMAP_START) extern void init_extra_mapping_uc(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); extern void init_extra_mapping_wb(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); #define gup_fast_permitted gup_fast_permitted static inline bool gup_fast_permitted(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >> __VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT) return false; return true; } #include <asm/pgtable-invert.h> #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _DELAYED_CALL_H #define _DELAYED_CALL_H /* * Poor man's closures; I wish we could've done them sanely polymorphic, * but... */ struct delayed_call { void (*fn)(void *); void *arg; }; #define DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(name) struct delayed_call name = {NULL, NULL} /* I really wish we had closures with sane typechecking... */ static inline void set_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call, void (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { call->fn = fn; call->arg = arg; } static inline void do_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { if (call->fn) call->fn(call->arg); } static inline void clear_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { call->fn = NULL; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <scsi/scsi.h> struct block_device; struct completion; struct module; struct scsi_cmnd; struct scsi_device; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool; struct scsi_target; struct Scsi_Host; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool; struct scsi_transport_template; #define SG_ALL SG_CHUNK_SIZE #define MODE_UNKNOWN 0x00 #define MODE_INITIATOR 0x01 #define MODE_TARGET 0x02 struct scsi_host_template { struct module *module; const char *name; /* * The info function will return whatever useful information the * developer sees fit. If not provided, then the name field will * be used instead. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ const char *(* info)(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * Ioctl interface * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*ioctl)(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* * Compat handler. Handle 32bit ABI. * When unknown ioctl is passed return -ENOIOCTLCMD. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*compat_ioctl)(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #endif int (*init_cmd_priv)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); int (*exit_cmd_priv)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); /* * The queuecommand function is used to queue up a scsi * command block to the LLDD. When the driver finished * processing the command the done callback is invoked. * * If queuecommand returns 0, then the driver has accepted the * command. It must also push it to the HBA if the scsi_cmnd * flag SCMD_LAST is set, or if the driver does not implement * commit_rqs. The done() function must be called on the command * when the driver has finished with it. (you may call done on the * command before queuecommand returns, but in this case you * *must* return 0 from queuecommand). * * Queuecommand may also reject the command, in which case it may * not touch the command and must not call done() for it. * * There are two possible rejection returns: * * SCSI_MLQUEUE_DEVICE_BUSY: Block this device temporarily, but * allow commands to other devices serviced by this host. * * SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY: Block all devices served by this * host temporarily. * * For compatibility, any other non-zero return is treated the * same as SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY. * * NOTE: "temporarily" means either until the next command for# * this device/host completes, or a period of time determined by * I/O pressure in the system if there are no other outstanding * commands. * * STATUS: REQUIRED */ int (* queuecommand)(struct Scsi_Host *, struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * The commit_rqs function is used to trigger a hardware * doorbell after some requests have been queued with * queuecommand, when an error is encountered before sending * the request with SCMD_LAST set. * * STATUS: OPTIONAL */ void (*commit_rqs)(struct Scsi_Host *, u16); /* * This is an error handling strategy routine. You don't need to * define one of these if you don't want to - there is a default * routine that is present that should work in most cases. For those * driver authors that have the inclination and ability to write their * own strategy routine, this is where it is specified. Note - the * strategy routine is *ALWAYS* run in the context of the kernel eh * thread. Thus you are guaranteed to *NOT* be in an interrupt * handler when you execute this, and you are also guaranteed to * *NOT* have any other commands being queued while you are in the * strategy routine. When you return from this function, operations * return to normal. * * See scsi_error.c scsi_unjam_host for additional comments about * what this function should and should not be attempting to do. * * Status: REQUIRED (at least one of them) */ int (* eh_abort_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_device_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_target_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_bus_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_host_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * Before the mid layer attempts to scan for a new device where none * currently exists, it will call this entry in your driver. Should * your driver need to allocate any structs or perform any other init * items in order to send commands to a currently unused target/lun * combo, then this is where you can perform those allocations. This * is specifically so that drivers won't have to perform any kind of * "is this a new device" checks in their queuecommand routine, * thereby making the hot path a bit quicker. * * Return values: 0 on success, non-0 on failure * * Deallocation: If we didn't find any devices at this ID, you will * get an immediate call to slave_destroy(). If we find something * here then you will get a call to slave_configure(), then the * device will be used for however long it is kept around, then when * the device is removed from the system (or * possibly at reboot * time), you will then get a call to slave_destroy(). This is * assuming you implement slave_configure and slave_destroy. * However, if you allocate memory and hang it off the device struct, * then you must implement the slave_destroy() routine at a minimum * in order to avoid leaking memory * each time a device is tore down. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* slave_alloc)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Once the device has responded to an INQUIRY and we know the * device is online, we call into the low level driver with the * struct scsi_device *. If the low level device driver implements * this function, it *must* perform the task of setting the queue * depth on the device. All other tasks are optional and depend * on what the driver supports and various implementation details. * * Things currently recommended to be handled at this time include: * * 1. Setting the device queue depth. Proper setting of this is * described in the comments for scsi_change_queue_depth. * 2. Determining if the device supports the various synchronous * negotiation protocols. The device struct will already have * responded to INQUIRY and the results of the standard items * will have been shoved into the various device flag bits, eg. * device->sdtr will be true if the device supports SDTR messages. * 3. Allocating command structs that the device will need. * 4. Setting the default timeout on this device (if needed). * 5. Anything else the low level driver might want to do on a device * specific setup basis... * 6. Return 0 on success, non-0 on error. The device will be marked * as offline on error so that no access will occur. If you return * non-0, your slave_destroy routine will never get called for this * device, so don't leave any loose memory hanging around, clean * up after yourself before returning non-0 * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* slave_configure)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Immediately prior to deallocating the device and after all activity * has ceased the mid layer calls this point so that the low level * driver may completely detach itself from the scsi device and vice * versa. The low level driver is responsible for freeing any memory * it allocated in the slave_alloc or slave_configure calls. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* slave_destroy)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Before the mid layer attempts to scan for a new device attached * to a target where no target currently exists, it will call this * entry in your driver. Should your driver need to allocate any * structs or perform any other init items in order to send commands * to a currently unused target, then this is where you can perform * those allocations. * * Return values: 0 on success, non-0 on failure * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* target_alloc)(struct scsi_target *); /* * Immediately prior to deallocating the target structure, and * after all activity to attached scsi devices has ceased, the * midlayer calls this point so that the driver may deallocate * and terminate any references to the target. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* target_destroy)(struct scsi_target *); /* * If a host has the ability to discover targets on its own instead * of scanning the entire bus, it can fill in this function and * call scsi_scan_host(). This function will be called periodically * until it returns 1 with the scsi_host and the elapsed time of * the scan in jiffies. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* scan_finished)(struct Scsi_Host *, unsigned long); /* * If the host wants to be called before the scan starts, but * after the midlayer has set up ready for the scan, it can fill * in this function. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* scan_start)(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * Fill in this function to allow the queue depth of this host * to be changeable (on a per device basis). Returns either * the current queue depth setting (may be different from what * was passed in) or an error. An error should only be * returned if the requested depth is legal but the driver was * unable to set it. If the requested depth is illegal, the * driver should set and return the closest legal queue depth. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* change_queue_depth)(struct scsi_device *, int); /* * This functions lets the driver expose the queue mapping * to the block layer. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* map_queues)(struct Scsi_Host *shost); /* * Check if scatterlists need to be padded for DMA draining. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ bool (* dma_need_drain)(struct request *rq); /* * This function determines the BIOS parameters for a given * harddisk. These tend to be numbers that are made up by * the host adapter. Parameters: * size, device, list (heads, sectors, cylinders) * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* bios_param)(struct scsi_device *, struct block_device *, sector_t, int []); /* * This function is called when one or more partitions on the * device reach beyond the end of the device. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (*unlock_native_capacity)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Can be used to export driver statistics and other infos to the * world outside the kernel ie. userspace and it also provides an * interface to feed the driver with information. * * Status: OBSOLETE */ int (*show_info)(struct seq_file *, struct Scsi_Host *); int (*write_info)(struct Scsi_Host *, char *, int); /* * This is an optional routine that allows the transport to become * involved when a scsi io timer fires. The return value tells the * timer routine how to finish the io timeout handling. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ enum blk_eh_timer_return (*eh_timed_out)(struct scsi_cmnd *); /* This is an optional routine that allows transport to initiate * LLD adapter or firmware reset using sysfs attribute. * * Return values: 0 on success, -ve value on failure. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*host_reset)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int reset_type); #define SCSI_ADAPTER_RESET 1 #define SCSI_FIRMWARE_RESET 2 /* * Name of proc directory */ const char *proc_name; /* * Used to store the procfs directory if a driver implements the * show_info method. */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_dir; /* * This determines if we will use a non-interrupt driven * or an interrupt driven scheme. It is set to the maximum number * of simultaneous commands a single hw queue in HBA will accept. */ int can_queue; /* * In many instances, especially where disconnect / reconnect are * supported, our host also has an ID on the SCSI bus. If this is * the case, then it must be reserved. Please set this_id to -1 if * your setup is in single initiator mode, and the host lacks an * ID. */ int this_id; /* * This determines the degree to which the host adapter is capable * of scatter-gather. */ unsigned short sg_tablesize; unsigned short sg_prot_tablesize; /* * Set this if the host adapter has limitations beside segment count. */ unsigned int max_sectors; /* * Maximum size in bytes of a single segment. */ unsigned int max_segment_size; /* * DMA scatter gather segment boundary limit. A segment crossing this * boundary will be split in two. */ unsigned long dma_boundary; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; /* * This specifies "machine infinity" for host templates which don't * limit the transfer size. Note this limit represents an absolute * maximum, and may be over the transfer limits allowed for * individual devices (e.g. 256 for SCSI-1). */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_MAX_SECTORS 1024 /* * True if this host adapter can make good use of linked commands. * This will allow more than one command to be queued to a given * unit on a given host. Set this to the maximum number of command * blocks to be provided for each device. Set this to 1 for one * command block per lun, 2 for two, etc. Do not set this to 0. * You should make sure that the host adapter will do the right thing * before you try setting this above 1. */ short cmd_per_lun; /* * present contains counter indicating how many boards of this * type were found when we did the scan. */ unsigned char present; /* If use block layer to manage tags, this is tag allocation policy */ int tag_alloc_policy; /* * Track QUEUE_FULL events and reduce queue depth on demand. */ unsigned track_queue_depth:1; /* * This specifies the mode that a LLD supports. */ unsigned supported_mode:2; /* * True if this host adapter uses unchecked DMA onto an ISA bus. */ unsigned unchecked_isa_dma:1; /* * True for emulated SCSI host adapters (e.g. ATAPI). */ unsigned emulated:1; /* * True if the low-level driver performs its own reset-settle delays. */ unsigned skip_settle_delay:1; /* True if the controller does not support WRITE SAME */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* True if the host uses host-wide tagspace */ unsigned host_tagset:1; /* * Countdown for host blocking with no commands outstanding. */ unsigned int max_host_blocked; /* * Default value for the blocking. If the queue is empty, * host_blocked counts down in the request_fn until it restarts * host operations as zero is reached. * * FIXME: This should probably be a value in the template */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_HOST_BLOCKED 7 /* * Pointer to the sysfs class properties for this host, NULL terminated. */ struct device_attribute **shost_attrs; /* * Pointer to the SCSI device properties for this host, NULL terminated. */ struct device_attribute **sdev_attrs; /* * Pointer to the SCSI device attribute groups for this host, * NULL terminated. */ const struct attribute_group **sdev_groups; /* * Vendor Identifier associated with the host * * Note: When specifying vendor_id, be sure to read the * Vendor Type and ID formatting requirements specified in * scsi_netlink.h */ u64 vendor_id; /* * Additional per-command data allocated for the driver. */ unsigned int cmd_size; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool *cmd_pool; /* Delay for runtime autosuspend */ int rpm_autosuspend_delay; }; /* * Temporary #define for host lock push down. Can be removed when all * drivers have been updated to take advantage of unlocked * queuecommand. * */ #define DEF_SCSI_QCMD(func_name) \ int func_name(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) \ { \ unsigned long irq_flags; \ int rc; \ spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, irq_flags); \ rc = func_name##_lck (cmd, cmd->scsi_done); \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, irq_flags); \ return rc; \ } /* * shost state: If you alter this, you also need to alter scsi_sysfs.c * (for the ascii descriptions) and the state model enforcer: * scsi_host_set_state() */ enum scsi_host_state { SHOST_CREATED = 1, SHOST_RUNNING, SHOST_CANCEL, SHOST_DEL, SHOST_RECOVERY, SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY, SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY, }; struct Scsi_Host { /* * __devices is protected by the host_lock, but you should * usually use scsi_device_lookup / shost_for_each_device * to access it and don't care about locking yourself. * In the rare case of being in irq context you can use * their __ prefixed variants with the lock held. NEVER * access this list directly from a driver. */ struct list_head __devices; struct list_head __targets; struct list_head starved_list; spinlock_t default_lock; spinlock_t *host_lock; struct mutex scan_mutex;/* serialize scanning activity */ struct list_head eh_cmd_q; struct task_struct * ehandler; /* Error recovery thread. */ struct completion * eh_action; /* Wait for specific actions on the host. */ wait_queue_head_t host_wait; struct scsi_host_template *hostt; struct scsi_transport_template *transportt; /* Area to keep a shared tag map */ struct blk_mq_tag_set tag_set; atomic_t host_blocked; unsigned int host_failed; /* commands that failed. protected by host_lock */ unsigned int host_eh_scheduled; /* EH scheduled without command */ unsigned int host_no; /* Used for IOCTL_GET_IDLUN, /proc/scsi et al. */ /* next two fields are used to bound the time spent in error handling */ int eh_deadline; unsigned long last_reset; /* * These three parameters can be used to allow for wide scsi, * and for host adapters that support multiple busses * The last two should be set to 1 more than the actual max id * or lun (e.g. 8 for SCSI parallel systems). */ unsigned int max_channel; unsigned int max_id; u64 max_lun; /* * This is a unique identifier that must be assigned so that we * have some way of identifying each detected host adapter properly * and uniquely. For hosts that do not support more than one card * in the system at one time, this does not need to be set. It is * initialized to 0 in scsi_register. */ unsigned int unique_id; /* * The maximum length of SCSI commands that this host can accept. * Probably 12 for most host adapters, but could be 16 for others. * or 260 if the driver supports variable length cdbs. * For drivers that don't set this field, a value of 12 is * assumed. */ unsigned short max_cmd_len; int this_id; int can_queue; short cmd_per_lun; short unsigned int sg_tablesize; short unsigned int sg_prot_tablesize; unsigned int max_sectors; unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned long dma_boundary; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; /* * In scsi-mq mode, the number of hardware queues supported by the LLD. * * Note: it is assumed that each hardware queue has a queue depth of * can_queue. In other words, the total queue depth per host * is nr_hw_queues * can_queue. However, for when host_tagset is set, * the total queue depth is can_queue. */ unsigned nr_hw_queues; unsigned active_mode:2; unsigned unchecked_isa_dma:1; /* * Host has requested that no further requests come through for the * time being. */ unsigned host_self_blocked:1; /* * Host uses correct SCSI ordering not PC ordering. The bit is * set for the minority of drivers whose authors actually read * the spec ;). */ unsigned reverse_ordering:1; /* Task mgmt function in progress */ unsigned tmf_in_progress:1; /* Asynchronous scan in progress */ unsigned async_scan:1; /* Don't resume host in EH */ unsigned eh_noresume:1; /* The controller does not support WRITE SAME */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* True if the host uses host-wide tagspace */ unsigned host_tagset:1; /* Host responded with short (<36 bytes) INQUIRY result */ unsigned short_inquiry:1; /* The transport requires the LUN bits NOT to be stored in CDB[1] */ unsigned no_scsi2_lun_in_cdb:1; /* * Optional work queue to be utilized by the transport */ char work_q_name[20]; struct workqueue_struct *work_q; /* * Task management function work queue */ struct workqueue_struct *tmf_work_q; /* * Value host_blocked counts down from */ unsigned int max_host_blocked; /* Protection Information */ unsigned int prot_capabilities; unsigned char prot_guard_type; /* legacy crap */ unsigned long base; unsigned long io_port; unsigned char n_io_port; unsigned char dma_channel; unsigned int irq; enum scsi_host_state shost_state; /* ldm bits */ struct device shost_gendev, shost_dev; /* * Points to the transport data (if any) which is allocated * separately */ void *shost_data; /* * Points to the physical bus device we'd use to do DMA * Needed just in case we have virtual hosts. */ struct device *dma_dev; /* * We should ensure that this is aligned, both for better performance * and also because some compilers (m68k) don't automatically force * alignment to a long boundary. */ unsigned long hostdata[] /* Used for storage of host specific stuff */ __attribute__ ((aligned (sizeof(unsigned long)))); }; #define class_to_shost(d) \ container_of(d, struct Scsi_Host, shost_dev) #define shost_printk(prefix, shost, fmt, a...) \ dev_printk(prefix, &(shost)->shost_gendev, fmt, ##a) static inline void *shost_priv(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return (void *)shost->hostdata; } int scsi_is_host_device(const struct device *); static inline struct Scsi_Host *dev_to_shost(struct device *dev) { while (!scsi_is_host_device(dev)) { if (!dev->parent) return NULL; dev = dev->parent; } return container_of(dev, struct Scsi_Host, shost_gendev); } static inline int scsi_host_in_recovery(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_state == SHOST_RECOVERY || shost->shost_state == SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY || shost->shost_state == SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY || shost->tmf_in_progress; } extern int scsi_queue_work(struct Scsi_Host *, struct work_struct *); extern void scsi_flush_work(struct Scsi_Host *); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_alloc(struct scsi_host_template *, int); extern int __must_check scsi_add_host_with_dma(struct Scsi_Host *, struct device *, struct device *); extern void scsi_scan_host(struct Scsi_Host *); extern void scsi_rescan_device(struct device *); extern void scsi_remove_host(struct Scsi_Host *); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_get(struct Scsi_Host *); extern int scsi_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost); extern void scsi_host_put(struct Scsi_Host *t); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_lookup(unsigned short); extern const char *scsi_host_state_name(enum scsi_host_state); extern void scsi_host_complete_all_commands(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int status); static inline int __must_check scsi_add_host(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct device *dev) { return scsi_add_host_with_dma(host, dev, dev); } static inline struct device *scsi_get_device(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_gendev.parent; } /** * scsi_host_scan_allowed - Is scanning of this host allowed * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host. **/ static inline int scsi_host_scan_allowed(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_state == SHOST_RUNNING || shost->shost_state == SHOST_RECOVERY; } extern void scsi_unblock_requests(struct Scsi_Host *); extern void scsi_block_requests(struct Scsi_Host *); extern int scsi_host_block(struct Scsi_Host *shost); extern int scsi_host_unblock(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int new_state); void scsi_host_busy_iter(struct Scsi_Host *, bool (*fn)(struct scsi_cmnd *, void *, bool), void *priv); struct class_container; /* * These two functions are used to allocate and free a pseudo device * which will connect to the host adapter itself rather than any * physical device. You must deallocate when you are done with the * thing. This physical pseudo-device isn't real and won't be available * from any high-level drivers. */ extern void scsi_free_host_dev(struct scsi_device *); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_get_host_dev(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * DIF defines the exchange of protection information between * initiator and SBC block device. * * DIX defines the exchange of protection information between OS and * initiator. */ enum scsi_host_prot_capabilities { SHOST_DIF_TYPE1_PROTECTION = 1 << 0, /* T10 DIF Type 1 */ SHOST_DIF_TYPE2_PROTECTION = 1 << 1, /* T10 DIF Type 2 */ SHOST_DIF_TYPE3_PROTECTION = 1 << 2, /* T10 DIF Type 3 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION = 1 << 3, /* DIX between OS and HBA only */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE1_PROTECTION = 1 << 4, /* DIX with DIF Type 1 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE2_PROTECTION = 1 << 5, /* DIX with DIF Type 2 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE3_PROTECTION = 1 << 6, /* DIX with DIF Type 3 */ }; /* * SCSI hosts which support the Data Integrity Extensions must * indicate their capabilities by setting the prot_capabilities using * this call. */ static inline void scsi_host_set_prot(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int mask) { shost->prot_capabilities = mask; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_get_prot(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_capabilities; } static inline int scsi_host_prot_dma(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_capabilities >= SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_dif_capable(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int target_type) { static unsigned char cap[] = { 0, SHOST_DIF_TYPE1_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIF_TYPE2_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIF_TYPE3_PROTECTION }; if (target_type >= ARRAY_SIZE(cap)) return 0; return shost->prot_capabilities & cap[target_type] ? target_type : 0; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_dix_capable(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int target_type) { #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) static unsigned char cap[] = { SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE1_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE2_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE3_PROTECTION }; if (target_type >= ARRAY_SIZE(cap)) return 0; return shost->prot_capabilities & cap[target_type]; #endif return 0; } /* * All DIX-capable initiators must support the T10-mandated CRC * checksum. Controllers can optionally implement the IP checksum * scheme which has much lower impact on system performance. Note * that the main rationale for the checksum is to match integrity * metadata with data. Detecting bit errors are a job for ECC memory * and buses. */ enum scsi_host_guard_type { SHOST_DIX_GUARD_CRC = 1 << 0, SHOST_DIX_GUARD_IP = 1 << 1, }; static inline void scsi_host_set_guard(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned char type) { shost->prot_guard_type = type; } static inline unsigned char scsi_host_get_guard(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_guard_type; } extern int scsi_host_set_state(struct Scsi_Host *, enum scsi_host_state); #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * SR-IPv6 implementation * * Author: * David Lebrun <david.lebrun@uclouvain.be> */ #ifndef _NET_SEG6_H #define _NET_SEG6_H #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seg6.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> static inline void update_csum_diff4(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 from, __be32 to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from, to }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } static inline void update_csum_diff16(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *from, __be32 *to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from[0], ~from[1], ~from[2], ~from[3], to[0], to[1], to[2], to[3], }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } struct seg6_pernet_data { struct mutex lock; struct in6_addr __rcu *tun_src; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC struct rhashtable hmac_infos; #endif }; static inline struct seg6_pernet_data *seg6_pernet(struct net *net) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) return net->ipv6.seg6_data; #else return NULL; #endif } extern int seg6_init(void); extern void seg6_exit(void); extern int seg6_iptunnel_init(void); extern void seg6_iptunnel_exit(void); extern int seg6_local_init(void); extern void seg6_local_exit(void); extern bool seg6_validate_srh(struct ipv6_sr_hdr *srh, int len, bool reduced); extern int seg6_do_srh_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh, int proto); extern int seg6_do_srh_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh); extern int seg6_lookup_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct in6_addr *nhaddr, u32 tbl_id); #endif
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Performance events core code: * * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * Copyright © 2009 Paul Mackerras, IBM Corp. <paulus@au1.ibm.com> */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/tick.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/reboot.h> #include <linux/vmstat.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/trace_events.h> #include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/bpf.h> #include <linux/filter.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/parser.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/min_heap.h> #include "internal.h" #include <asm/irq_regs.h> typedef int (*remote_function_f)(void *); struct remote_function_call { struct task_struct *p; remote_function_f func; void *info; int ret; }; static void remote_function(void *data) { struct remote_function_call *tfc = data; struct task_struct *p = tfc->p; if (p) { /* -EAGAIN */ if (task_cpu(p) != smp_processor_id()) return; /* * Now that we're on right CPU with IRQs disabled, we can test * if we hit the right task without races. */ tfc->ret = -ESRCH; /* No such (running) process */ if (p != current) return; } tfc->ret = tfc->func(tfc->info); } /** * task_function_call - call a function on the cpu on which a task runs * @p: the task to evaluate * @func: the function to be called * @info: the function call argument * * Calls the function @func when the task is currently running. This might * be on the current CPU, which just calls the function directly. This will * retry due to any failures in smp_call_function_single(), such as if the * task_cpu() goes offline concurrently. * * returns @func return value or -ESRCH or -ENXIO when the process isn't running */ static int task_function_call(struct task_struct *p, remote_function_f func, void *info) { struct remote_function_call data = { .p = p, .func = func, .info = info, .ret = -EAGAIN, }; int ret; for (;;) { ret = smp_call_function_single(task_cpu(p), remote_function, &data, 1); if (!ret) ret = data.ret; if (ret != -EAGAIN) break; cond_resched(); } return ret; } /** * cpu_function_call - call a function on the cpu * @func: the function to be called * @info: the function call argument * * Calls the function @func on the remote cpu. * * returns: @func return value or -ENXIO when the cpu is offline */ static int cpu_function_call(int cpu, remote_function_f func, void *info) { struct remote_function_call data = { .p = NULL, .func = func, .info = info, .ret = -ENXIO, /* No such CPU */ }; smp_call_function_single(cpu, remote_function, &data, 1); return data.ret; } static inline struct perf_cpu_context * __get_cpu_context(struct perf_event_context *ctx) { return this_cpu_ptr(ctx->pmu->pmu_cpu_context); } static void perf_ctx_lock(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { raw_spin_lock(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); if (ctx) raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock); } static void perf_ctx_unlock(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { if (ctx) raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock); raw_spin_unlock(&cpuctx->ctx.lock); } #define TASK_TOMBSTONE ((void *)-1L) static bool is_kernel_event(struct perf_event *event) { return READ_ONCE(event->owner) == TASK_TOMBSTONE; } /* * On task ctx scheduling... * * When !ctx->nr_events a task context will not be scheduled. This means * we can disable the scheduler hooks (for performance) without leaving * pending task ctx state. * * This however results in two special cases: * * - removing the last event from a task ctx; this is relatively straight * forward and is done in __perf_remove_from_context. * * - adding the first event to a task ctx; this is tricky because we cannot * rely on ctx->is_active and therefore cannot use event_function_call(). * See perf_install_in_context(). * * If ctx->nr_events, then ctx->is_active and cpuctx->task_ctx are set. */ typedef void (*event_f)(struct perf_event *, struct perf_cpu_context *, struct perf_event_context *, void *); struct event_function_struct { struct perf_event *event; event_f func; void *data; }; static int event_function(void *info) { struct event_function_struct *efs = info; struct perf_event *event = efs->event; struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); struct perf_event_context *task_ctx = cpuctx->task_ctx; int ret = 0; lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, task_ctx); /* * Since we do the IPI call without holding ctx->lock things can have * changed, double check we hit the task we set out to hit. */ if (ctx->task) { if (ctx->task != current) { ret = -ESRCH; goto unlock; } /* * We only use event_function_call() on established contexts, * and event_function() is only ever called when active (or * rather, we'll have bailed in task_function_call() or the * above ctx->task != current test), therefore we must have * ctx->is_active here. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!ctx->is_active); /* * And since we have ctx->is_active, cpuctx->task_ctx must * match. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(task_ctx != ctx); } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(&cpuctx->ctx != ctx); } efs->func(event, cpuctx, ctx, efs->data); unlock: perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, task_ctx); return ret; } static void event_function_call(struct perf_event *event, event_f func, void *data) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct task_struct *task = READ_ONCE(ctx->task); /* verified in event_function */ struct event_function_struct efs = { .event = event, .func = func, .data = data, }; if (!event->parent) { /* * If this is a !child event, we must hold ctx::mutex to * stabilize the the event->ctx relation. See * perf_event_ctx_lock(). */ lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->mutex); } if (!task) { cpu_function_call(event->cpu, event_function, &efs); return; } if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) return; again: if (!task_function_call(task, event_function, &efs)) return; raw_spin_lock_irq(&ctx->lock); /* * Reload the task pointer, it might have been changed by * a concurrent perf_event_context_sched_out(). */ task = ctx->task; if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); return; } if (ctx->is_active) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); goto again; } func(event, NULL, ctx, data); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->lock); } /* * Similar to event_function_call() + event_function(), but hard assumes IRQs * are already disabled and we're on the right CPU. */ static void event_function_local(struct perf_event *event, event_f func, void *data) { struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx; struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx); struct task_struct *task = READ_ONCE(ctx->task); struct perf_event_context *task_ctx = NULL; lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); if (task) { if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) return; task_ctx = ctx; } perf_ctx_lock(cpuctx, task_ctx); task = ctx->task; if (task == TASK_TOMBSTONE) goto unlock; if (task) { /* * We must be either inactive or active and the right task, * otherwise we're screwed, since we cannot IPI to somewhere * else. */ if (ctx->is_active) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(task != current)) goto unlock; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx)) goto unlock; } } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(&cpuctx->ctx != ctx); } func(event, cpuctx, ctx, data); unlock: perf_ctx_unlock(cpuctx, task_ctx); } #define PERF_FLAG_ALL (PERF_FLAG_FD_NO_GROUP |\ PERF_FLAG_FD_OUTPUT |\ PERF_FLAG_PID_CGROUP |\ PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC) /* * branch priv levels that need permission checks */ #define PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_PERM_PLM \ (PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_KERNEL |\ PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_HV) enum event_type_t { EVENT_FLEXIBLE = 0x1, EVENT_PINNED = 0x2, EVENT_TIME = 0x4, /* see ctx_resched() for details */ EVENT_CPU = 0x8, EVENT_ALL = EVENT_FLEXIBLE | EVENT_PINNED, }; /* * perf_sched_events : >0 events exist * perf_cgroup_events: >0 per-cpu cgroup events exist on this cpu */ static void perf_sched_delayed(struct work_struct *work); DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(perf_sched_events); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(perf_sched_work, perf_sched_delayed); static DEFINE_MUTEX(perf_sched_mutex); static atomic_t perf_sched_count; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, perf_cgroup_events); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, perf_sched_cb_usages); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pmu_event_list, pmu_sb_events); static atomic_t nr_mmap_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_comm_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_namespaces_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_task_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_freq_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_switch_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_ksymbol_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_bpf_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_cgroup_events __read_mostly; static atomic_t nr_text_poke_events __read_mostly; static LIST_HEAD(pmus); static DEFINE_MUTEX(pmus_lock); static struct srcu_struct pmus_srcu; static cpumask_var_t perf_online_mask; /* * perf event paranoia level: * -1 - not paranoid at all * 0 - disallow raw tracepoint access for unpriv * 1 - disallow cpu events for unpriv * 2 - disallow kernel profiling for unpriv */ int sysctl_perf_event_paranoid __read_mostly = 2; /* Minimum for 512 kiB + 1 user control page */ int sysctl_perf_event_mlock __read_mostly = 512 + (PAGE_SIZE / 1024); /* 'free' kiB per user */ /* * max perf event sample rate */ #define DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE 100000 #define DEFAULT_SAMPLE_PERIOD_NS (NSEC_PER_SEC / DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE) #define DEFAULT_CPU_TIME_MAX_PERCENT 25 int sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate __read_mostly = DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE; static int max_samples_per_tick __read_mostly = DIV_ROUND_UP(DEFAULT_MAX_SAMPLE_RATE, HZ); static int perf_sample_period_ns __read_mostly = DEFAULT_SAMPLE_PERIOD_NS; static int perf_sample_allowed_ns __read_mostly = DEFAULT_SAMPLE_PERIOD_NS * DEFAULT_CPU_TIME_MAX_PERCENT / 100; static void update_perf_cpu_limits(void) { u64 tmp = perf_sample_period_ns; tmp *= sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; tmp = div_u64(tmp, 100); if (!tmp) tmp = 1; WRITE_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns, tmp); } static bool perf_rotate_context(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx); int perf_proc_update_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; int perf_cpu = sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; /* * If throttling is disabled don't allow the write: */ if (write && (perf_cpu == 100 || perf_cpu == 0)) return -EINVAL; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || !write) return ret; max_samples_per_tick = DIV_ROUND_UP(sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate, HZ); perf_sample_period_ns = NSEC_PER_SEC / sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate; update_perf_cpu_limits(); return 0; } int sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent __read_mostly = DEFAULT_CPU_TIME_MAX_PERCENT; int perf_cpu_time_max_percent_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || !write) return ret; if (sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent == 100 || sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent == 0) { printk(KERN_WARNING "perf: Dynamic interrupt throttling disabled, can hang your system!\n"); WRITE_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns, 0); } else { update_perf_cpu_limits(); } return 0; } /* * perf samples are done in some very critical code paths (NMIs). * If they take too much CPU time, the system can lock up and not * get any real work done. This will drop the sample rate when * we detect that events are taking too long. */ #define NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES 128 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, running_sample_length); static u64 __report_avg; static u64 __report_allowed; static void perf_duration_warn(struct irq_work *w) { printk_ratelimited(KERN_INFO "perf: interrupt took too long (%lld > %lld), lowering " "kernel.perf_event_max_sample_rate to %d\n", __report_avg, __report_allowed, sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate); } static DEFINE_IRQ_WORK(perf_duration_work, perf_duration_warn); void perf_sample_event_took(u64 sample_len_ns) { u64 max_len = READ_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns); u64 running_len; u64 avg_len; u32 max; if (max_len == 0) return; /* Decay the counter by 1 average sample. */ running_len = __this_cpu_read(running_sample_length); running_len -= running_len/NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES; running_len += sample_len_ns; __this_cpu_write(running_sample_length, running_len); /* * Note: this will be biased artifically low until we have * seen NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES. Doing it this way keeps us * from having to maintain a count. */ avg_len = running_len/NR_ACCUMULATED_SAMPLES; if (avg_len <= max_len) return; __report_avg = avg_len; __report_allowed = max_len; /* * Compute a throttle threshold 25% below the current duration. */ avg_len += avg_len / 4; max = (TICK_NSEC / 100) * sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; if (avg_len < max) max /= (u32)avg_len; else max = 1; WRITE_ONCE(perf_sample_allowed_ns, avg_len); WRITE_ONCE(max_samples_per_tick, max); sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate = max * HZ; perf_sample_period_ns = NSEC_PER_SEC / sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate; if (!irq_work_queue(&perf_duration_work)) { early_printk("perf: interrupt took too long (%lld > %lld), lowering " "kernel.perf_event_max_sample_rate to %d\n", __report_avg, __report_allowed, sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate); } } static atomic64_t perf_event_id; static void cpu_ctx_sched_out(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type); static void cpu_ctx_sched_in(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx, enum event_type_t event_type, struct task_struct *task); static void update_context_time(struct perf_event_context *ctx); static u64 perf_event_time(struct perf_event *event); void __weak perf_event_print_debug(void) { } extern __weak const char *perf_pmu_name(void) { return "pmu"; } static inline u64 perf_clock(void) { return local_clock(); } static inline u64 perf_event_clock(struct perf_event *event) { return event->clock(); } /* * State based event timekeeping... * * The basic idea is to use event->state to determine which (if any) time * fields to increment with the current delta. This means we only need to * update timestamps when we change state or when they are explicitly requested * (read). * * Event groups make things a little more complicated, but not terribly so. The * rules for a group are that if the group leader is OFF the entire group is * OFF, irrespecive of what the group member states are. This results in * __perf_effective_state(). * * A futher ramification is that when a group leader flips between OFF and * !OFF, we need to update all group member times. * * * NOTE: perf_event_time() is based on the (cgroup) context time, and thus we * need to make sure the relevant context time is updated before we try and * update our timestamps. */ static __always_inline enum perf_event_state __perf_effective_state(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader; if (leader->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) return leader->state; return event->state; } static __always_inline void __perf_update_times(struct perf_event *event, u64 now, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { enum perf_event_state state = __perf_effective_state(event); u64 delta = now - event->tstamp; *enabled = event->total_time_enabled; if (state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) *enabled += delta; *running = event->total_time_running; if (state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) *running += delta; } static void perf_event_update_time(struct perf_event *event) { u64 now = perf_event_time(event); __perf_update_times(event, now, &event->total_time_enabled, &event->total_time_running); event->tstamp = now; } static void perf_event_update_sibling_time(struct perf_event *leader) { struct perf_event *sibling; for_each_sibling_event(sibling, leader) perf_event_update_time(sibling);