1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SWAPOPS_H #define _LINUX_SWAPOPS_H #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * swapcache pages are stored in the swapper_space radix tree. We want to * get good packing density in that tree, so the index should be dense in * the low-order bits. * * We arrange the `type' and `offset' fields so that `type' is at the seven * high-order bits of the swp_entry_t and `offset' is right-aligned in the * remaining bits. Although `type' itself needs only five bits, we allow for * shmem/tmpfs to shift it all up a further two bits: see swp_to_radix_entry(). * * swp_entry_t's are *never* stored anywhere in their arch-dependent format. */ #define SWP_TYPE_SHIFT (BITS_PER_XA_VALUE - MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT) #define SWP_OFFSET_MASK ((1UL << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT) - 1) /* Clear all flags but only keep swp_entry_t related information */ static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_flags(pte_t pte) { if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte)) pte = pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(pte)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); return pte; } /* * Store a type+offset into a swp_entry_t in an arch-independent format */ static inline swp_entry_t swp_entry(unsigned long type, pgoff_t offset) { swp_entry_t ret; ret.val = (type << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT) | (offset & SWP_OFFSET_MASK); return ret; } /* * Extract the `type' field from a swp_entry_t. The swp_entry_t is in * arch-independent format */ static inline unsigned swp_type(swp_entry_t entry) { return (entry.val >> SWP_TYPE_SHIFT); } /* * Extract the `offset' field from a swp_entry_t. The swp_entry_t is in * arch-independent format */ static inline pgoff_t swp_offset(swp_entry_t entry) { return entry.val & SWP_OFFSET_MASK; } /* check whether a pte points to a swap entry */ static inline int is_swap_pte(pte_t pte) { return !pte_none(pte) && !pte_present(pte); } /* * Convert the arch-dependent pte representation of a swp_entry_t into an * arch-independent swp_entry_t. */ static inline swp_entry_t pte_to_swp_entry(pte_t pte) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; pte = pte_swp_clear_flags(pte); arch_entry = __pte_to_swp_entry(pte); return swp_entry(__swp_type(arch_entry), __swp_offset(arch_entry)); } /* * Convert the arch-independent representation of a swp_entry_t into the * arch-dependent pte representation. */ static inline pte_t swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry_t entry) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; arch_entry = __swp_entry(swp_type(entry), swp_offset(entry)); return __swp_entry_to_pte(arch_entry); } static inline swp_entry_t radix_to_swp_entry(void *arg) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = xa_to_value(arg); return entry; } static inline void *swp_to_radix_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return xa_mk_value(entry.val); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) static inline swp_entry_t make_device_private_entry(struct page *page, bool write) { return swp_entry(write ? SWP_DEVICE_WRITE : SWP_DEVICE_READ, page_to_pfn(page)); } static inline bool is_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { int type = swp_type(entry); return type == SWP_DEVICE_READ || type == SWP_DEVICE_WRITE; } static inline void make_device_private_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entry) { *entry = swp_entry(SWP_DEVICE_READ, swp_offset(*entry)); } static inline bool is_write_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return unlikely(swp_type(entry) == SWP_DEVICE_WRITE); } static inline unsigned long device_private_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_offset(entry); } static inline struct page *device_private_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { return pfn_to_page(swp_offset(entry)); } #else /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE */ static inline swp_entry_t make_device_private_entry(struct page *page, bool write) { return swp_entry(0, 0); } static inline void make_device_private_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entry) { } static inline bool is_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return false; } static inline bool is_write_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return false; } static inline unsigned long device_private_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline struct page *device_private_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE */ #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION static inline swp_entry_t make_migration_entry(struct page *page, int write) { BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(page))); return swp_entry(write ? SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE : SWP_MIGRATION_READ, page_to_pfn(page)); } static inline int is_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return unlikely(swp_type(entry) == SWP_MIGRATION_READ || swp_type(entry) == SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE); } static inline int is_write_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return unlikely(swp_type(entry) == SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE); } static inline unsigned long migration_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_offset(entry); } static inline struct page *migration_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { struct page *p = pfn_to_page(swp_offset(entry)); /* * Any use of migration entries may only occur while the * corresponding page is locked */ BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(p))); return p; } static inline void make_migration_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entry) { *entry = swp_entry(SWP_MIGRATION_READ, swp_offset(*entry)); } extern void __migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep, spinlock_t *ptl); extern void migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address); extern void migration_entry_wait_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte); #else #define make_migration_entry(page, write) swp_entry(0, 0) static inline int is_migration_entry(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long migration_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline struct page *migration_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } static inline void make_migration_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entryp) { } static inline void __migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep, spinlock_t *ptl) { } static inline void migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { } static inline void migration_entry_wait_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte) { } static inline int is_write_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif struct page_vma_mapped_walk; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION extern void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *page); extern void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *new); extern void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; if (pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd)) pmd = pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd); if (pmd_swp_uffd_wp(pmd)) pmd = pmd_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pmd); arch_entry = __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd); return swp_entry(__swp_type(arch_entry), __swp_offset(arch_entry)); } static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; arch_entry = __swp_entry(swp_type(entry), swp_offset(entry)); return __swp_entry_to_pmd(arch_entry); } static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_present(pmd) && is_migration_entry(pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd)); } #else static inline void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); } static inline void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *new) { BUILD_BUG(); } static inline void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *m, pmd_t *p) { } static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd) { return swp_entry(0, 0); } static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry) { return __pmd(0); } static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; /* * Support for hardware poisoned pages */ static inline swp_entry_t make_hwpoison_entry(struct page *page) { BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); return swp_entry(SWP_HWPOISON, page_to_pfn(page)); } static inline int is_hwpoison_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_type(entry) == SWP_HWPOISON; } static inline void num_poisoned_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&num_poisoned_pages); } static inline void num_poisoned_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&num_poisoned_pages); } #else static inline swp_entry_t make_hwpoison_entry(struct page *page) { return swp_entry(0, 0); } static inline int is_hwpoison_entry(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline void num_poisoned_pages_inc(void) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE) || defined(CONFIG_MIGRATION) || \ defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) static inline int non_swap_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_type(entry) >= MAX_SWAPFILES; } #else static inline int non_swap_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* _LINUX_SWAPOPS_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H #define _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H /* * Copyright 1995 Linus Torvalds */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> /* for in_interrupt() */ #include <linux/hugetlb_inline.h> struct pagevec; /* * Bits in mapping->flags. */ enum mapping_flags { AS_EIO = 0, /* IO error on async write */ AS_ENOSPC = 1, /* ENOSPC on async write */ AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS = 2, /* under mm_take_all_locks() */ AS_UNEVICTABLE = 3, /* e.g., ramdisk, SHM_LOCK */ AS_EXITING = 4, /* final truncate in progress */ /* writeback related tags are not used */ AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS = 5, AS_THP_SUPPORT = 6, /* THPs supported */ }; /** * mapping_set_error - record a writeback error in the address_space * @mapping: the mapping in which an error should be set * @error: the error to set in the mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * mapping_set_error to record the error in the mapping so that it can be * reported when the application calls fsync(2). */ static inline void mapping_set_error(struct address_space *mapping, int error) { if (likely(!error)) return; /* Record in wb_err for checkers using errseq_t based tracking */ __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, error); /* Record it in superblock */ if (mapping->host) errseq_set(&mapping->host->i_sb->s_wb_err, error); /* Record it in flags for now, for legacy callers */ if (error == -ENOSPC) set_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags); else set_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_set_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping) { set_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_clear_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping) { clear_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags); } static inline bool mapping_unevictable(struct address_space *mapping) { return mapping && test_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_set_exiting(struct address_space *mapping) { set_bit(AS_EXITING, &mapping->flags); } static inline int mapping_exiting(struct address_space *mapping) { return test_bit(AS_EXITING, &mapping->flags); } static inline void mapping_set_no_writeback_tags(struct address_space *mapping) { set_bit(AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS, &mapping->flags); } static inline int mapping_use_writeback_tags(struct address_space *mapping) { return !test_bit(AS_NO_WRITEBACK_TAGS, &mapping->flags); } static inline gfp_t mapping_gfp_mask(struct address_space * mapping) { return mapping->gfp_mask; } /* Restricts the given gfp_mask to what the mapping allows. */ static inline gfp_t mapping_gfp_constraint(struct address_space *mapping, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & gfp_mask; } /* * This is non-atomic. Only to be used before the mapping is activated. * Probably needs a barrier... */ static inline void mapping_set_gfp_mask(struct address_space *m, gfp_t mask) { m->gfp_mask = mask; } static inline bool mapping_thp_support(struct address_space *mapping) { return test_bit(AS_THP_SUPPORT, &mapping->flags); } static inline int filemap_nr_thps(struct address_space *mapping) { #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS return atomic_read(&mapping->nr_thps); #else return 0; #endif } static inline void filemap_nr_thps_inc(struct address_space *mapping) { #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS if (!mapping_thp_support(mapping)) atomic_inc(&mapping->nr_thps); #else WARN_ON_ONCE(1); #endif } static inline void filemap_nr_thps_dec(struct address_space *mapping) { #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS if (!mapping_thp_support(mapping)) atomic_dec(&mapping->nr_thps); #else WARN_ON_ONCE(1); #endif } void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr); /* * speculatively take a reference to a page. * If the page is free (_refcount == 0), then _refcount is untouched, and 0 * is returned. Otherwise, _refcount is incremented by 1 and 1 is returned. * * This function must be called inside the same rcu_read_lock() section as has * been used to lookup the page in the pagecache radix-tree (or page table): * this allows allocators to use a synchronize_rcu() to stabilize _refcount. * * Unless an RCU grace period has passed, the count of all pages coming out * of the allocator must be considered unstable. page_count may return higher * than expected, and put_page must be able to do the right thing when the * page has been finished with, no matter what it is subsequently allocated * for (because put_page is what is used here to drop an invalid speculative * reference). * * This is the interesting part of the lockless pagecache (and lockless * get_user_pages) locking protocol, where the lookup-side (eg. find_get_page) * has the following pattern: * 1. find page in radix tree * 2. conditionally increment refcount * 3. check the page is still in pagecache (if no, goto 1) * * Remove-side that cares about stability of _refcount (eg. reclaim) has the * following (with the i_pages lock held): * A. atomically check refcount is correct and set it to 0 (atomic_cmpxchg) * B. remove page from pagecache * C. free the page * * There are 2 critical interleavings that matter: * - 2 runs before A: in this case, A sees elevated refcount and bails out * - A runs before 2: in this case, 2 sees zero refcount and retries; * subsequently, B will complete and 1 will find no page, causing the * lookup to return NULL. * * It is possible that between 1 and 2, the page is removed then the exact same * page is inserted into the same position in pagecache. That's OK: the * old find_get_page using a lock could equally have run before or after * such a re-insertion, depending on order that locks are granted. * * Lookups racing against pagecache insertion isn't a big problem: either 1 * will find the page or it will not. Likewise, the old find_get_page could run * either before the insertion or afterwards, depending on timing. */ static inline int __page_cache_add_speculative(struct page *page, int count) { #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU # ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT VM_BUG_ON(!in_atomic() && !irqs_disabled()); # endif /* * Preempt must be disabled here - we rely on rcu_read_lock doing * this for us. * * Pagecache won't be truncated from interrupt context, so if we have * found a page in the radix tree here, we have pinned its refcount by * disabling preempt, and hence no need for the "speculative get" that * SMP requires. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) == 0, page); page_ref_add(page, count); #else if (unlikely(!page_ref_add_unless(page, count, 0))) { /* * Either the page has been freed, or will be freed. * In either case, retry here and the caller should * do the right thing (see comments above). */ return 0; } #endif VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline int page_cache_get_speculative(struct page *page) { return __page_cache_add_speculative(page, 1); } static inline int page_cache_add_speculative(struct page *page, int count) { return __page_cache_add_speculative(page, count); } /** * attach_page_private - Attach private data to a page. * @page: Page to attach data to. * @data: Data to attach to page. * * Attaching private data to a page increments the page's reference count. * The data must be detached before the page will be freed. */ static inline void attach_page_private(struct page *page, void *data) { get_page(page); set_page_private(page, (unsigned long)data); SetPagePrivate(page); } /** * detach_page_private - Detach private data from a page. * @page: Page to detach data from. * * Removes the data that was previously attached to the page and decrements * the refcount on the page. * * Return: Data that was attached to the page. */ static inline void *detach_page_private(struct page *page) { void *data = (void *)page_private(page); if (!PagePrivate(page)) return NULL; ClearPagePrivate(page); set_page_private(page, 0); put_page(page); return data; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp); #else static inline struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp) { return alloc_pages(gfp, 0); } #endif static inline struct page *page_cache_alloc(struct address_space *x) { return __page_cache_alloc(mapping_gfp_mask(x)); } static inline gfp_t readahead_gfp_mask(struct address_space *x) { return mapping_gfp_mask(x) | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN; } typedef int filler_t(void *, struct page *); pgoff_t page_cache_next_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan); pgoff_t page_cache_prev_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan); #define FGP_ACCESSED 0x00000001 #define FGP_LOCK 0x00000002 #define FGP_CREAT 0x00000004 #define FGP_WRITE 0x00000008 #define FGP_NOFS 0x00000010 #define FGP_NOWAIT 0x00000020 #define FGP_FOR_MMAP 0x00000040 #define FGP_HEAD 0x00000080 struct page *pagecache_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, int fgp_flags, gfp_t cache_gfp_mask); /** * find_get_page - find and get a page reference * @mapping: the address_space to search * @offset: the page index * * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset. If there is a * page cache page, it is returned with an increased refcount. * * Otherwise, %NULL is returned. */ static inline struct page *find_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, 0, 0); } static inline struct page *find_get_page_flags(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, int fgp_flags) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, fgp_flags, 0); } /** * find_lock_page - locate, pin and lock a pagecache page * @mapping: the address_space to search * @index: the page index * * Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index. If there is a * page cache page, it is returned locked and with an increased * refcount. * * Context: May sleep. * Return: A struct page or %NULL if there is no page in the cache for this * index. */ static inline struct page *find_lock_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK, 0); } /** * find_lock_head - Locate, pin and lock a pagecache page. * @mapping: The address_space to search. * @index: The page index. * * Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index. If there is a * page cache page, its head page is returned locked and with an increased * refcount. * * Context: May sleep. * Return: A struct page which is !PageTail, or %NULL if there is no page * in the cache for this index. */ static inline struct page *find_lock_head(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK | FGP_HEAD, 0); } /** * find_or_create_page - locate or add a pagecache page * @mapping: the page's address_space * @index: the page's index into the mapping * @gfp_mask: page allocation mode * * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset. If there is a * page cache page, it is returned locked and with an increased * refcount. * * If the page is not present, a new page is allocated using @gfp_mask * and added to the page cache and the VM's LRU list. The page is * returned locked and with an increased refcount. * * On memory exhaustion, %NULL is returned. * * find_or_create_page() may sleep, even if @gfp_flags specifies an * atomic allocation! */ static inline struct page *find_or_create_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK|FGP_ACCESSED|FGP_CREAT, gfp_mask); } /** * grab_cache_page_nowait - returns locked page at given index in given cache * @mapping: target address_space * @index: the page index * * Same as grab_cache_page(), but do not wait if the page is unavailable. * This is intended for speculative data generators, where the data can * be regenerated if the page couldn't be grabbed. This routine should * be safe to call while holding the lock for another page. * * Clear __GFP_FS when allocating the page to avoid recursion into the fs * and deadlock against the caller's locked page. */ static inline struct page *grab_cache_page_nowait(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, FGP_LOCK|FGP_CREAT|FGP_NOFS|FGP_NOWAIT, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } /* Does this page contain this index? */ static inline bool thp_contains(struct page *head, pgoff_t index) { /* HugeTLBfs indexes the page cache in units of hpage_size */ if (PageHuge(head)) return head->index == index; return page_index(head) == (index & ~(thp_nr_pages(head) - 1UL)); } /* * Given the page we found in the page cache, return the page corresponding * to this index in the file */ static inline struct page *find_subpage(struct page *head, pgoff_t index) { /* HugeTLBfs wants the head page regardless */ if (PageHuge(head)) return head; return head + (index & (thp_nr_pages(head) - 1)); } unsigned find_get_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned int nr_entries, struct page **entries, pgoff_t *indices); unsigned find_get_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages); static inline unsigned find_get_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { return find_get_pages_range(mapping, start, (pgoff_t)-1, nr_pages, pages); } unsigned find_get_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages); unsigned find_get_pages_range_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages); static inline unsigned find_get_pages_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { return find_get_pages_range_tag(mapping, index, (pgoff_t)-1, tag, nr_pages, pages); } struct page *grab_cache_page_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned flags); /* * Returns locked page at given index in given cache, creating it if needed. */ static inline struct page *grab_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return find_or_create_page(mapping, index, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } extern struct page * read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, filler_t *filler, void *data); extern struct page * read_cache_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int read_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, filler_t *filler, void *data); static inline struct page *read_mapping_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, void *data) { return read_cache_page(mapping, index, NULL, data); } /* * Get index of the page within radix-tree (but not for hugetlb pages). * (TODO: remove once hugetlb pages will have ->index in PAGE_SIZE) */ static inline pgoff_t page_to_index(struct page *page) { pgoff_t pgoff; if (likely(!PageTransTail(page))) return page->index; /* * We don't initialize ->index for tail pages: calculate based on * head page */ pgoff = compound_head(page)->index; pgoff += page - compound_head(page); return pgoff; } extern pgoff_t hugetlb_basepage_index(struct page *page); /* * Get the offset in PAGE_SIZE (even for hugetlb pages). * (TODO: hugetlb pages should have ->index in PAGE_SIZE) */ static inline pgoff_t page_to_pgoff(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageHuge(page))) return hugetlb_basepage_index(page); return page_to_index(page); } /* * Return byte-offset into filesystem object for page. */ static inline loff_t page_offset(struct page *page) { return ((loff_t)page->index) << PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline loff_t page_file_offset(struct page *page) { return ((loff_t)page_index(page)) << PAGE_SHIFT; } extern pgoff_t linear_hugepage_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); static inline pgoff_t linear_page_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { pgoff_t pgoff; if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) return linear_hugepage_index(vma, address); pgoff = (address - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff += vma->vm_pgoff; return pgoff; } struct wait_page_key { struct page *page; int bit_nr; int page_match; }; struct wait_page_queue { struct page *page; int bit_nr; wait_queue_entry_t wait; }; static inline bool wake_page_match(struct wait_page_queue *wait_page, struct wait_page_key *key) { if (wait_page->page != key->page) return false; key->page_match = 1; if (wait_page->bit_nr != key->bit_nr) return false; return true; } extern void __lock_page(struct page *page); extern int __lock_page_killable(struct page *page); extern int __lock_page_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait); extern int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int flags); extern void unlock_page(struct page *page); /* * Return true if the page was successfully locked */ static inline int trylock_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return (likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(PG_locked, &page->flags))); } /* * lock_page may only be called if we have the page's inode pinned. */ static inline void lock_page(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_page(page)) __lock_page(page); } /* * lock_page_killable is like lock_page but can be interrupted by fatal * signals. It returns 0 if it locked the page and -EINTR if it was * killed while waiting. */ static inline int lock_page_killable(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_page(page)) return __lock_page_killable(page); return 0; } /* * lock_page_async - Lock the page, unless this would block. If the page * is already locked, then queue a callback when the page becomes unlocked. * This callback can then retry the operation. * * Returns 0 if the page is locked successfully, or -EIOCBQUEUED if the page * was already locked and the callback defined in 'wait' was queued. */ static inline int lock_page_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait) { if (!trylock_page(page)) return __lock_page_async(page, wait); return 0; } /* * lock_page_or_retry - Lock the page, unless this would block and the * caller indicated that it can handle a retry. * * Return value and mmap_lock implications depend on flags; see * __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static inline int lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int flags) { might_sleep(); return trylock_page(page) || __lock_page_or_retry(page, mm, flags); } /* * This is exported only for wait_on_page_locked/wait_on_page_writeback, etc., * and should not be used directly. */ extern void wait_on_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr); extern int wait_on_page_bit_killable(struct page *page, int bit_nr); /* * Wait for a page to be unlocked. * * This must be called with the caller "holding" the page, * ie with increased "page->count" so that the page won't * go away during the wait.. */ static inline void wait_on_page_locked(struct page *page) { if (PageLocked(page)) wait_on_page_bit(compound_head(page), PG_locked); } static inline int wait_on_page_locked_killable(struct page *page) { if (!PageLocked(page)) return 0; return wait_on_page_bit_killable(compound_head(page), PG_locked); } extern void put_and_wait_on_page_locked(struct page *page); void wait_on_page_writeback(struct page *page); extern void end_page_writeback(struct page *page); void wait_for_stable_page(struct page *page); void page_endio(struct page *page, bool is_write, int err); /* * Add an arbitrary waiter to a page's wait queue */ extern void add_page_wait_queue(struct page *page, wait_queue_entry_t *waiter); /* * Fault everything in given userspace address range in. */ static inline int fault_in_pages_writeable(char __user *uaddr, int size) { char __user *end = uaddr + size - 1; if (unlikely(size == 0)) return 0; if (unlikely(uaddr > end)) return -EFAULT; /* * Writing zeroes into userspace here is OK, because we know that if * the zero gets there, we'll be overwriting it. */ do { if (unlikely(__put_user(0, uaddr) != 0)) return -EFAULT; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } while (uaddr <= end); /* Check whether the range spilled into the next page. */ if (((unsigned long)uaddr & PAGE_MASK) == ((unsigned long)end & PAGE_MASK)) return __put_user(0, end); return 0; } static inline int fault_in_pages_readable(const char __user *uaddr, int size) { volatile char c; const char __user *end = uaddr + size - 1; if (unlikely(size == 0)) return 0; if (unlikely(uaddr > end)) return -EFAULT; do { if (unlikely(__get_user(c, uaddr) != 0)) return -EFAULT; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } while (uaddr <= end); /* Check whether the range spilled into the next page. */ if (((unsigned long)uaddr & PAGE_MASK) == ((unsigned long)end & PAGE_MASK)) { return __get_user(c, end); } (void)c; return 0; } int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page); extern void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow); int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask); void delete_from_page_cache_batch(struct address_space *mapping, struct pagevec *pvec); /* * Like add_to_page_cache_locked, but used to add newly allocated pages: * the page is new, so we can just run __SetPageLocked() against it. */ static inline int add_to_page_cache(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask) { int error; __SetPageLocked(page); error = add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask); if (unlikely(error)) __ClearPageLocked(page); return error; } /** * struct readahead_control - Describes a readahead request. * * A readahead request is for consecutive pages. Filesystems which * implement the ->readahead method should call readahead_page() or * readahead_page_batch() in a loop and attempt to start I/O against * each page in the request. * * Most of the fields in this struct are private and should be accessed * by the functions below. * * @file: The file, used primarily by network filesystems for authentication. * May be NULL if invoked internally by the filesystem. * @mapping: Readahead this filesystem object. */ struct readahead_control { struct file *file; struct address_space *mapping; /* private: use the readahead_* accessors instead */ pgoff_t _index; unsigned int _nr_pages; unsigned int _batch_count; }; #define DEFINE_READAHEAD(rac, f, m, i) \ struct readahead_control rac = { \ .file = f, \ .mapping = m, \ ._index = i, \ } #define VM_READAHEAD_PAGES (SZ_128K / PAGE_SIZE) void page_cache_ra_unbounded(struct readahead_control *, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_count); void page_cache_sync_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, unsigned long req_count); void page_cache_async_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, struct page *, unsigned long req_count); /** * page_cache_sync_readahead - generic file readahead * @mapping: address_space which holds the pagecache and I/O vectors * @ra: file_ra_state which holds the readahead state * @file: Used by the filesystem for authentication. * @index: Index of first page to be read. * @req_count: Total number of pages being read by the caller. * * page_cache_sync_readahead() should be called when a cache miss happened: * it will submit the read. The readahead logic may decide to piggyback more * pages onto the read request if access patterns suggest it will improve * performance. */ static inline void page_cache_sync_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file_ra_state *ra, struct file *file, pgoff_t index, unsigned long req_count) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); page_cache_sync_ra(&ractl, ra, req_count); } /** * page_cache_async_readahead - file readahead for marked pages * @mapping: address_space which holds the pagecache and I/O vectors * @ra: file_ra_state which holds the readahead state * @file: Used by the filesystem for authentication. * @page: The page at @index which triggered the readahead call. * @index: Index of first page to be read. * @req_count: Total number of pages being read by the caller. * * page_cache_async_readahead() should be called when a page is used which * is marked as PageReadahead; this is a marker to suggest that the application * has used up enough of the readahead window that we should start pulling in * more pages. */ static inline void page_cache_async_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file_ra_state *ra, struct file *file, struct page *page, pgoff_t index, unsigned long req_count) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); page_cache_async_ra(&ractl, ra, page, req_count); } /** * readahead_page - Get the next page to read. * @rac: The current readahead request. * * Context: The page is locked and has an elevated refcount. The caller * should decreases the refcount once the page has been submitted for I/O * and unlock the page once all I/O to that page has completed. * Return: A pointer to the next page, or %NULL if we are done. */ static inline struct page *readahead_page(struct readahead_control *rac) { struct page *page; BUG_ON(rac->_batch_count > rac->_nr_pages); rac->_nr_pages -= rac->_batch_count; rac->_index += rac->_batch_count; if (!rac->_nr_pages) { rac->_batch_count = 0; return NULL; } page = xa_load(&rac->mapping->i_pages, rac->_index); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); rac->_batch_count = thp_nr_pages(page); return page; } static inline unsigned int __readahead_batch(struct readahead_control *rac, struct page **array, unsigned int array_sz) { unsigned int i = 0; XA_STATE(xas, &rac->mapping->i_pages, 0); struct page *page; BUG_ON(rac->_batch_count > rac->_nr_pages); rac->_nr_pages -= rac->_batch_count; rac->_index += rac->_batch_count; rac->_batch_count = 0; xas_set(&xas, rac->_index); rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, page, rac->_index + rac->_nr_pages - 1) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); array[i++] = page; rac->_batch_count += thp_nr_pages(page); /* * The page cache isn't using multi-index entries yet, * so the xas cursor needs to be manually moved to the * next index. This can be removed once the page cache * is converted. */ if (PageHead(page)) xas_set(&xas, rac->_index + rac->_batch_count); if (i == array_sz) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return i; } /** * readahead_page_batch - Get a batch of pages to read. * @rac: The current readahead request. * @array: An array of pointers to struct page. * * Context: The pages are locked and have an elevated refcount. The caller * should decreases the refcount once the page has been submitted for I/O * and unlock the page once all I/O to that page has completed. * Return: The number of pages placed in the array. 0 indicates the request * is complete. */ #define readahead_page_batch(rac, array) \ __readahead_batch(rac, array, ARRAY_SIZE(array)) /** * readahead_pos - The byte offset into the file of this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline loff_t readahead_pos(struct readahead_control *rac) { return (loff_t)rac->_index * PAGE_SIZE; } /** * readahead_length - The number of bytes in this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline loff_t readahead_length(struct readahead_control *rac) { return (loff_t)rac->_nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE; } /** * readahead_index - The index of the first page in this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline pgoff_t readahead_index(struct readahead_control *rac) { return rac->_index; } /** * readahead_count - The number of pages in this readahead request. * @rac: The readahead request. */ static inline unsigned int readahead_count(struct readahead_control *rac) { return rac->_nr_pages; } static inline unsigned long dir_pages(struct inode *inode) { return (unsigned long)(inode->i_size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /** * page_mkwrite_check_truncate - check if page was truncated * @page: the page to check * @inode: the inode to check the page against * * Returns the number of bytes in the page up to EOF, * or -EFAULT if the page was truncated. */ static inline int page_mkwrite_check_truncate(struct page *page, struct inode *inode) { loff_t size = i_size_read(inode); pgoff_t index = size >> PAGE_SHIFT; int offset = offset_in_page(size); if (page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) return -EFAULT; /* page is wholly inside EOF */ if (page->index < index) return PAGE_SIZE; /* page is wholly past EOF */ if (page->index > index || !offset) return -EFAULT; /* page is partially inside EOF */ return offset; } /** * i_blocks_per_page - How many blocks fit in this page. * @inode: The inode which contains the blocks. * @page: The page (head page if the page is a THP). * * If the block size is larger than the size of this page, return zero. * * Context: The caller should hold a refcount on the page to prevent it * from being split. * Return: The number of filesystem blocks covered by this page. */ static inline unsigned int i_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page) { return thp_size(page) >> inode->i_blkbits; } #endif /* _LINUX_PAGEMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * generic net pointers */ #ifndef __NET_GENERIC_H__ #define __NET_GENERIC_H__ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /* * Generic net pointers are to be used by modules to put some private * stuff on the struct net without explicit struct net modification * * The rules are simple: * 1. set pernet_operations->id. After register_pernet_device you * will have the id of your private pointer. * 2. set pernet_operations->size to have the code allocate and free * a private structure pointed to from struct net. * 3. do not change this pointer while the net is alive; * 4. do not try to have any private reference on the net_generic object. * * After accomplishing all of the above, the private pointer can be * accessed with the net_generic() call. */ struct net_generic { union { struct { unsigned int len; struct rcu_head rcu; } s; void *ptr[0]; }; }; static inline void *net_generic(const struct net *net, unsigned int id) { struct net_generic *ng; void *ptr; rcu_read_lock(); ng = rcu_dereference(net->gen); ptr = ng->ptr[id]; rcu_read_unlock(); return ptr; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Wrapper functions for accessing the file_struct fd array. */ #ifndef __LINUX_FILE_H #define __LINUX_FILE_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/posix_types.h> #include <linux/errno.h> struct file; extern void fput(struct file *); extern void fput_many(struct file *, unsigned int); struct file_operations; struct task_struct; struct vfsmount; struct dentry; struct inode; struct path; extern struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int flags, const struct file_operations *); extern struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *, int flags, const struct file_operations *); static inline void fput_light(struct file *file, int fput_needed) { if (fput_needed) fput(file); } struct fd { struct file *file; unsigned int flags; }; #define FDPUT_FPUT 1 #define FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK 2 static inline void fdput(struct fd fd) { if (fd.flags & FDPUT_FPUT) fput(fd.file); } extern struct file *fget(unsigned int fd); extern struct file *fget_many(unsigned int fd, unsigned int refs); extern struct file *fget_raw(unsigned int fd); extern struct file *fget_task(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int fd); extern unsigned long __fdget(unsigned int fd); extern unsigned long __fdget_raw(unsigned int fd); extern unsigned long __fdget_pos(unsigned int fd); extern void __f_unlock_pos(struct file *); static inline struct fd __to_fd(unsigned long v) { return (struct fd){(struct file *)(v & ~3),v & 3}; } static inline struct fd fdget(unsigned int fd) { return __to_fd(__fdget(fd)); } static inline struct fd fdget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __to_fd(__fdget_raw(fd)); } static inline struct fd fdget_pos(int fd) { return __to_fd(__fdget_pos(fd)); } static inline void fdput_pos(struct fd f) { if (f.flags & FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK) __f_unlock_pos(f.file); fdput(f); } extern int f_dupfd(unsigned int from, struct file *file, unsigned flags); extern int replace_fd(unsigned fd, struct file *file, unsigned flags); extern void set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, int flag); extern bool get_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd); extern int __get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags, unsigned long nofile); extern int get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags); extern void put_unused_fd(unsigned int fd); extern void fd_install(unsigned int fd, struct file *file); extern int __receive_fd(int fd, struct file *file, int __user *ufd, unsigned int o_flags); static inline int receive_fd_user(struct file *file, int __user *ufd, unsigned int o_flags) { if (ufd == NULL) return -EFAULT; return __receive_fd(-1, file, ufd, o_flags); } static inline int receive_fd(struct file *file, unsigned int o_flags) { return __receive_fd(-1, file, NULL, o_flags); } static inline int receive_fd_replace(int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int o_flags) { return __receive_fd(fd, file, NULL, o_flags); } extern void flush_delayed_fput(void); extern void __fput_sync(struct file *); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_min, sysctl_nr_open_max; #endif /* __LINUX_FILE_H */
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3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 3664 3665 3666 3667 3668 3669 3670 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3680 3681 3682 3683 3684 3685 3686 3687 3688 3689 3690 3691 3692 3693 3694 3695 3696 3697 3698 3699 3700 3701 3702 3703 3704 3705 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * ext4.h * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/include/linux/minix_fs.h * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _EXT4_H #define _EXT4_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/quota.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/blockgroup_lock.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/fiemap.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/compat.h> #endif #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsverity.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The fourth extended filesystem constants/structures */ /* * with AGGRESSIVE_CHECK allocator runs consistency checks over * structures. these checks slow things down a lot */ #define AGGRESSIVE_CHECK__ /* * with DOUBLE_CHECK defined mballoc creates persistent in-core * bitmaps, maintains and uses them to check for double allocations */ #define DOUBLE_CHECK__ /* * Define EXT4FS_DEBUG to produce debug messages */ #undef EXT4FS_DEBUG /* * Debug code */ #ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG #define ext4_debug(f, a...) \ do { \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs DEBUG (%s, %d): %s:", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \ printk(KERN_DEBUG f, ## a); \ } while (0) #else #define ext4_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Turn on EXT_DEBUG to enable ext4_ext_show_path/leaf/move in extents.c */ #define EXT_DEBUG__ /* * Dynamic printk for controlled extents debugging. */ #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) \ pr_debug("[%s/%d] EXT4-fs (%s): ino %lu: (%s, %d): %s:" fmt, \ current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), \ ino->i_sb->s_id, ino->i_ino, __FILE__, __LINE__, \ __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* data type for block offset of block group */ typedef int ext4_grpblk_t; /* data type for filesystem-wide blocks number */ typedef unsigned long long ext4_fsblk_t; /* data type for file logical block number */ typedef __u32 ext4_lblk_t; /* data type for block group number */ typedef unsigned int ext4_group_t; enum SHIFT_DIRECTION { SHIFT_LEFT = 0, SHIFT_RIGHT, }; /* * Flags used in mballoc's allocation_context flags field. * * Also used to show what's going on for debugging purposes when the * flag field is exported via the traceport interface */ /* prefer goal again. length */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE 0x0001 /* blocks already reserved */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED 0x0002 /* metadata is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA 0x0004 /* first blocks in the file */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST 0x0008 /* search for the best chunk */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST 0x0010 /* data is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA 0x0020 /* don't preallocate (for tails) */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC 0x0040 /* allocate for locality group */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC 0x0080 /* allocate goal blocks or none */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY 0x0100 /* goal is meaningful */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL 0x0200 /* blocks already pre-reserved by delayed allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED 0x0400 /* We are doing stream allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC 0x0800 /* Use reserved root blocks if needed */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS 0x1000 /* Use blocks from reserved pool */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED 0x2000 /* Do strict check for free blocks while retrying block allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK 0x4000 struct ext4_allocation_request { /* target inode for block we're allocating */ struct inode *inode; /* how many blocks we want to allocate */ unsigned int len; /* logical block in target inode */ ext4_lblk_t logical; /* the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_lblk_t lleft; /* the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_lblk_t lright; /* phys. target (a hint) */ ext4_fsblk_t goal; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_fsblk_t pleft; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_fsblk_t pright; /* flags. see above EXT4_MB_HINT_* */ unsigned int flags; }; /* * Logical to physical block mapping, used by ext4_map_blocks() * * This structure is used to pass requests into ext4_map_blocks() as * well as to store the information returned by ext4_map_blocks(). It * takes less room on the stack than a struct buffer_head. */ #define EXT4_MAP_NEW BIT(BH_New) #define EXT4_MAP_MAPPED BIT(BH_Mapped) #define EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN BIT(BH_Unwritten) #define EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY BIT(BH_Boundary) #define EXT4_MAP_FLAGS (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED |\ EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY) struct ext4_map_blocks { ext4_fsblk_t m_pblk; ext4_lblk_t m_lblk; unsigned int m_len; unsigned int m_flags; }; /* * Block validity checking, system zone rbtree. */ struct ext4_system_blocks { struct rb_root root; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* * Flags for ext4_io_end->flags */ #define EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN 0x0001 struct ext4_io_end_vec { struct list_head list; /* list of io_end_vec */ loff_t offset; /* offset in the file */ ssize_t size; /* size of the extent */ }; /* * For converting unwritten extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for * buffered writeback. */ typedef struct ext4_io_end { struct list_head list; /* per-file finished IO list */ handle_t *handle; /* handle reserved for extent * conversion */ struct inode *inode; /* file being written to */ struct bio *bio; /* Linked list of completed * bios covering the extent */ unsigned int flag; /* unwritten or not */ atomic_t count; /* reference counter */ struct list_head list_vec; /* list of ext4_io_end_vec */ } ext4_io_end_t; struct ext4_io_submit { struct writeback_control *io_wbc; struct bio *io_bio; ext4_io_end_t *io_end; sector_t io_next_block; }; /* * Special inodes numbers */ #define EXT4_BAD_INO 1 /* Bad blocks inode */ #define EXT4_ROOT_INO 2 /* Root inode */ #define EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO 3 /* User quota inode */ #define EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO 4 /* Group quota inode */ #define EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO 5 /* Boot loader inode */ #define EXT4_UNDEL_DIR_INO 6 /* Undelete directory inode */ #define EXT4_RESIZE_INO 7 /* Reserved group descriptors inode */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_INO 8 /* Journal inode */ /* First non-reserved inode for old ext4 filesystems */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO 11 /* * Maximal count of links to a file */ #define EXT4_LINK_MAX 65000 /* * Macro-instructions used to manage several block sizes */ #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE 1024 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE 65536 #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 10 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 16 #define EXT4_MAX_CLUSTER_LOG_SIZE 30 #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) ((s)->s_blocksize) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) (EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << (s)->s_log_block_size) #endif #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / sizeof(__u32)) #define EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) << \ EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_blocksize_bits) # define EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_log_block_size + 10) #endif #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_addr_per_block_bits) #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_first_ino) #else #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE : \ (s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO : \ (s)->s_first_ino) #endif #define EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size, blkbits) ALIGN((size), (1 << (blkbits))) #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(size, offset, blkbits) \ ((EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size + offset, blkbits) >> blkbits) - (offset >> \ blkbits)) /* Translate a block number to a cluster number */ #define EXT4_B2C(sbi, blk) ((blk) >> (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate a cluster number to a block number */ #define EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster) ((cluster) << (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate # of blks to # of clusters */ #define EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, blks) (((blks) + (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1) >> \ (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Mask out the low bits to get the starting block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ~((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ~((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Fill in the low bits to get the last block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_LBLK_CFILL(sbi, lblk) ((lblk) | \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Get the cluster offset */ #define EXT4_PBLK_COFF(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_COFF(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* * Structure of a blocks group descriptor */ struct ext4_group_desc { __le32 bg_block_bitmap_lo; /* Blocks bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_lo; /* Inodes bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_table_lo; /* Inodes table block */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_lo;/* Free blocks count */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_lo;/* Free inodes count */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_lo; /* Directories count */ __le16 bg_flags; /* EXT4_BG_flags (INODE_UNINIT, etc) */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_lo; /* Exclude bitmap for snapshots */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_lo; /* Unused inodes count */ __le16 bg_checksum; /* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */ __le32 bg_block_bitmap_hi; /* Blocks bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_hi; /* Inodes bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_table_hi; /* Inodes table block MSB */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_hi;/* Free blocks count MSB */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_hi;/* Free inodes count MSB */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_hi; /* Directories count MSB */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_hi; /* Unused inodes count MSB */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_hi; /* Exclude bitmap block MSB */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) BE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) BE */ __u32 bg_reserved; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) /* * Structure of a flex block group info */ struct flex_groups { atomic64_t free_clusters; atomic_t free_inodes; atomic_t used_dirs; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT 0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT 0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED 0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */ /* * Macro-instructions used to manage group descriptors */ #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE 32 #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT 64 #define EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE #define EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_size) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_clusters_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inodes_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s)) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_inodes_per_group) #endif /* * Constants relative to the data blocks */ #define EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS 12 #define EXT4_IND_BLOCK EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS #define EXT4_DIND_BLOCK (EXT4_IND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_TIND_BLOCK (EXT4_DIND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_N_BLOCKS (EXT4_TIND_BLOCK + 1) /* * Inode flags */ #define EXT4_SECRM_FL 0x00000001 /* Secure deletion */ #define EXT4_UNRM_FL 0x00000002 /* Undelete */ #define EXT4_COMPR_FL 0x00000004 /* Compress file */ #define EXT4_SYNC_FL 0x00000008 /* Synchronous updates */ #define EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL 0x00000010 /* Immutable file */ #define EXT4_APPEND_FL 0x00000020 /* writes to file may only append */ #define EXT4_NODUMP_FL 0x00000040 /* do not dump file */ #define EXT4_NOATIME_FL 0x00000080 /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ #define EXT4_DIRTY_FL 0x00000100 #define EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL 0x00000200 /* One or more compressed clusters */ #define EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL 0x00000400 /* Don't compress */ /* nb: was previously EXT2_ECOMPR_FL */ #define EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL 0x00000800 /* encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ #define EXT4_INDEX_FL 0x00001000 /* hash-indexed directory */ #define EXT4_IMAGIC_FL 0x00002000 /* AFS directory */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL 0x00004000 /* file data should be journaled */ #define EXT4_NOTAIL_FL 0x00008000 /* file tail should not be merged */ #define EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL 0x00010000 /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ #define EXT4_TOPDIR_FL 0x00020000 /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ #define EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL 0x00040000 /* Set to each huge file */ #define EXT4_EXTENTS_FL 0x00080000 /* Inode uses extents */ #define EXT4_VERITY_FL 0x00100000 /* Verity protected inode */ #define EXT4_EA_INODE_FL 0x00200000 /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 0x00400000 was formerly EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ #define EXT4_DAX_FL 0x02000000 /* Inode is DAX */ #define EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL 0x10000000 /* Inode has inline data. */ #define EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL 0x20000000 /* Create with parents projid */ #define EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL 0x40000000 /* Casefolded directory */ #define EXT4_RESERVED_FL 0x80000000 /* reserved for ext4 lib */ /* User modifiable flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE (EXT4_SECRM_FL | \ EXT4_UNRM_FL | \ EXT4_COMPR_FL | \ EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | \ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | \ EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | \ EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | \ EXT4_EXTENTS_FL | \ 0x00400000 /* EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ | \ EXT4_DAX_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) /* User visible flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE (EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE | \ EXT4_DIRTY_FL | \ EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL | \ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | \ EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL | \ EXT4_INDEX_FL | \ EXT4_VERITY_FL | \ EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Flags we can manipulate with through FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR */ #define EXT4_FL_XFLAG_VISIBLE (EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that should be inherited by new inodes from their parent. */ #define EXT4_FL_INHERITED (EXT4_SECRM_FL | EXT4_UNRM_FL | EXT4_COMPR_FL |\ EXT4_SYNC_FL | EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL |\ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL |\ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that are appropriate for regular files (all but dir-specific ones). */ #define EXT4_REG_FLMASK (~(EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL)) /* Flags that are appropriate for non-directories/regular files. */ #define EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK (EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL) /* The only flags that should be swapped */ #define EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP (EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL | EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) /* Flags which are mutually exclusive to DAX */ #define EXT4_DAX_MUT_EXCL (EXT4_VERITY_FL | EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL |\ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Mask out flags that are inappropriate for the given type of inode. */ static inline __u32 ext4_mask_flags(umode_t mode, __u32 flags) { if (S_ISDIR(mode)) return flags; else if (S_ISREG(mode)) return flags & EXT4_REG_FLMASK; else return flags & EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK; } /* * Inode flags used for atomic set/get */ enum { EXT4_INODE_SECRM = 0, /* Secure deletion */ EXT4_INODE_UNRM = 1, /* Undelete */ EXT4_INODE_COMPR = 2, /* Compress file */ EXT4_INODE_SYNC = 3, /* Synchronous updates */ EXT4_INODE_IMMUTABLE = 4, /* Immutable file */ EXT4_INODE_APPEND = 5, /* writes to file may only append */ EXT4_INODE_NODUMP = 6, /* do not dump file */ EXT4_INODE_NOATIME = 7, /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ EXT4_INODE_DIRTY = 8, EXT4_INODE_COMPRBLK = 9, /* One or more compressed clusters */ EXT4_INODE_NOCOMPR = 10, /* Don't compress */ EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT = 11, /* Encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ EXT4_INODE_INDEX = 12, /* hash-indexed directory */ EXT4_INODE_IMAGIC = 13, /* AFS directory */ EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA = 14, /* file data should be journaled */ EXT4_INODE_NOTAIL = 15, /* file tail should not be merged */ EXT4_INODE_DIRSYNC = 16, /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR = 17, /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE = 18, /* Set to each huge file */ EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS = 19, /* Inode uses extents */ EXT4_INODE_VERITY = 20, /* Verity protected inode */ EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE = 21, /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 22 was formerly EXT4_INODE_EOFBLOCKS */ EXT4_INODE_DAX = 25, /* Inode is DAX */ EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA = 28, /* Data in inode. */ EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT = 29, /* Create with parents projid */ EXT4_INODE_CASEFOLD = 30, /* Casefolded directory */ EXT4_INODE_RESERVED = 31, /* reserved for ext4 lib */ }; /* * Since it's pretty easy to mix up bit numbers and hex values, we use a * build-time check to make sure that EXT4_XXX_FL is consistent with respect to * EXT4_INODE_XXX. If all is well, the macros will be dropped, so, it won't cost * any extra space in the compiled kernel image, otherwise, the build will fail. * It's important that these values are the same, since we are using * EXT4_INODE_XXX to test for flag values, but EXT4_XXX_FL must be consistent * with the values of FS_XXX_FL defined in include/linux/fs.h and the on-disk * values found in ext2, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and of course the values * defined in e2fsprogs. * * It's not paranoia if the Murphy's Law really *is* out to get you. :-) */ #define TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) (EXT4_##FLAG##_FL == (1 << EXT4_INODE_##FLAG)) #define CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) BUILD_BUG_ON(!TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG)) static inline void ext4_check_flag_values(void) { CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SECRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(UNRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMMUTABLE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(APPEND); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NODUMP); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOATIME); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRTY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPRBLK); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOCOMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(ENCRYPT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INDEX); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMAGIC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(JOURNAL_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOTAIL); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRSYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(TOPDIR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(HUGE_FILE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EXTENTS); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(VERITY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EA_INODE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INLINE_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(PROJINHERIT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(CASEFOLD); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(RESERVED); } /* Used to pass group descriptor data when online resize is done */ struct ext4_new_group_input { __u32 group; /* Group number for this data */ __u64 block_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of block bitmap */ __u64 inode_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of inode bitmap */ __u64 inode_table; /* Absolute block number of inode table start */ __u32 blocks_count; /* Total number of blocks in this group */ __u16 reserved_blocks; /* Number of reserved blocks in this group */ __u16 unused; }; #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) struct compat_ext4_new_group_input { u32 group; compat_u64 block_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_table; u32 blocks_count; u16 reserved_blocks; u16 unused; }; #endif /* The struct ext4_new_group_input in kernel space, with free_blocks_count */ struct ext4_new_group_data { __u32 group; __u64 block_bitmap; __u64 inode_bitmap; __u64 inode_table; __u32 blocks_count; __u16 reserved_blocks; __u16 mdata_blocks; __u32 free_clusters_count; }; /* Indexes used to index group tables in ext4_new_group_data */ enum { BLOCK_BITMAP = 0, /* block bitmap */ INODE_BITMAP, /* inode bitmap */ INODE_TABLE, /* inode tables */ GROUP_TABLE_COUNT, }; /* * Flags used by ext4_map_blocks() */ /* Allocate any needed blocks and/or convert an unwritten extent to be an initialized ext4 */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE 0x0001 /* Request the creation of an unwritten extent */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT 0x0002 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) /* Caller is from the delayed allocation writeout path * finally doing the actual allocation of delayed blocks */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE 0x0004 /* caller is from the direct IO path, request to creation of an unwritten extents if not allocated, split the unwritten extent if blocks has been preallocated already*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO 0x0008 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT 0x0010 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Convert extent to initialized after IO complete */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Eventual metadata allocation (due to growing extent tree) * should not fail, so try to use reserved blocks for that.*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL 0x0020 /* Don't normalize allocation size (used for fallocate) */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE 0x0040 /* Convert written extents to unwritten */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN 0x0100 /* Write zeros to newly created written extents */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO 0x0200 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE |\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO) /* Caller will submit data before dropping transaction handle. This * allows jbd2 to avoid submitting data before commit. */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT 0x0400 /* * The bit position of these flags must not overlap with any of the * EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_*. They are used by ext4_find_extent(), * read_extent_tree_block(), ext4_split_extent_at(), * ext4_ext_insert_extent(), and ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(). * EXT4_EX_NOCACHE is used to indicate that the we shouldn't be * caching the extents when reading from the extent tree while a * truncate or punch hole operation is in progress. */ #define EXT4_EX_NOCACHE 0x40000000 #define EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE 0x20000000 #define EXT4_EX_NOFAIL 0x10000000 /* * Flags used by ext4_free_blocks */ #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA 0x0001 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET 0x0002 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED 0x0004 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER 0x0010 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER 0x0020 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER 0x0040 /* * ioctl commands */ #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_SETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC_MIGRATE _IO('f', 9) /* note ioctl 10 reserved for an early version of the FIEMAP ioctl */ /* note ioctl 11 reserved for filesystem-independent FIEMAP ioctl */ #define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS _IO('f', 12) #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent) #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS _IOW('f', 16, __u64) #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT _IO('f', 17) #define EXT4_IOC_PRECACHE_EXTENTS _IO('f', 18) /* ioctl codes 19--39 are reserved for fscrypt */ #define EXT4_IOC_CLEAR_ES_CACHE _IO('f', 40) #define EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE _IOW('f', 41, __u32) #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE _IOWR('f', 42, struct fiemap) #define EXT4_IOC_SHUTDOWN _IOR ('X', 125, __u32) /* * Flags for going down operation */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_DEFAULT 0x0 /* going down */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_LOGFLUSH 0x1 /* flush log but not data */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_NOLOGFLUSH 0x2 /* don't flush log nor data */ /* * Flags returned by EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE * * We only expose to userspace a subset of the state flags in * i_state_flags */ #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_EXT_PRECACHED 0x00000001 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEW 0x00000002 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEWENTRY 0x00000004 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE 0x00000008 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) /* * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation */ #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct compat_ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_SETVERSION #endif /* * Returned by EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE as an additional possible flag. * It indicates that the entry in extent status cache is for a hole. */ #define EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE 0x08000000 /* Max physical block we can address w/o extents */ #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS 0xFFFFFFFF /* Max logical block we can support */ #define EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK 0xFFFFFFFE /* * Structure of an inode on the disk */ struct ext4_inode { __le16 i_mode; /* File mode */ __le16 i_uid; /* Low 16 bits of Owner Uid */ __le32 i_size_lo; /* Size in bytes */ __le32 i_atime; /* Access time */ __le32 i_ctime; /* Inode Change time */ __le32 i_mtime; /* Modification time */ __le32 i_dtime; /* Deletion Time */ __le16 i_gid; /* Low 16 bits of Group Id */ __le16 i_links_count; /* Links count */ __le32 i_blocks_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 i_flags; /* File flags */ union { struct { __le32 l_i_version; } linux1; struct { __u32 h_i_translator; } hurd1; struct { __u32 m_i_reserved1; } masix1; } osd1; /* OS dependent 1 */ __le32 i_block[EXT4_N_BLOCKS];/* Pointers to blocks */ __le32 i_generation; /* File version (for NFS) */ __le32 i_file_acl_lo; /* File ACL */ __le32 i_size_high; __le32 i_obso_faddr; /* Obsoleted fragment address */ union { struct { __le16 l_i_blocks_high; /* were l_i_reserved1 */ __le16 l_i_file_acl_high; __le16 l_i_uid_high; /* these 2 fields */ __le16 l_i_gid_high; /* were reserved2[0] */ __le16 l_i_checksum_lo;/* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) LE */ __le16 l_i_reserved; } linux2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __u16 h_i_mode_high; __u16 h_i_uid_high; __u16 h_i_gid_high; __u32 h_i_author; } hurd2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __le16 m_i_file_acl_high; __u32 m_i_reserved2[2]; } masix2; } osd2; /* OS dependent 2 */ __le16 i_extra_isize; __le16 i_checksum_hi; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) BE */ __le32 i_ctime_extra; /* extra Change time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_mtime_extra; /* extra Modification time(nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_atime_extra; /* extra Access time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_crtime; /* File Creation time */ __le32 i_crtime_extra; /* extra FileCreationtime (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_version_hi; /* high 32 bits for 64-bit version */ __le32 i_projid; /* Project ID */ }; struct move_extent { __u32 reserved; /* should be zero */ __u32 donor_fd; /* donor file descriptor */ __u64 orig_start; /* logical start offset in block for orig */ __u64 donor_start; /* logical start offset in block for donor */ __u64 len; /* block length to be moved */ __u64 moved_len; /* moved block length */ }; #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2 #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1) #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) /* * Extended fields will fit into an inode if the filesystem was formatted * with large inodes (-I 256 or larger) and there are not currently any EAs * consuming all of the available space. For new inodes we always reserve * enough space for the kernel's known extended fields, but for inodes * created with an old kernel this might not have been the case. None of * the extended inode fields is critical for correct filesystem operation. * This macro checks if a certain field fits in the inode. Note that * inode-size = GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + i_extra_isize */ #define EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(ext4_inode, einode, field) \ ((offsetof(typeof(*ext4_inode), field) + \ sizeof((ext4_inode)->field)) \ <= (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ (einode)->i_extra_isize)) \ /* * We use an encoding that preserves the times for extra epoch "00": * * extra msb of adjust for signed * epoch 32-bit 32-bit tv_sec to * bits time decoded 64-bit tv_sec 64-bit tv_sec valid time range * 0 0 1 -0x80000000..-0x00000001 0x000000000 1901-12-13..1969-12-31 * 0 0 0 0x000000000..0x07fffffff 0x000000000 1970-01-01..2038-01-19 * 0 1 1 0x080000000..0x0ffffffff 0x100000000 2038-01-19..2106-02-07 * 0 1 0 0x100000000..0x17fffffff 0x100000000 2106-02-07..2174-02-25 * 1 0 1 0x180000000..0x1ffffffff 0x200000000 2174-02-25..2242-03-16 * 1 0 0 0x200000000..0x27fffffff 0x200000000 2242-03-16..2310-04-04 * 1 1 1 0x280000000..0x2ffffffff 0x300000000 2310-04-04..2378-04-22 * 1 1 0 0x300000000..0x37fffffff 0x300000000 2378-04-22..2446-05-10 * * Note that previous versions of the kernel on 64-bit systems would * incorrectly use extra epoch bits 1,1 for dates between 1901 and * 1970. e2fsck will correct this, assuming that it is run on the * affected filesystem before 2242. */ static inline __le32 ext4_encode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time) { u32 extra =((time->tv_sec - (s32)time->tv_sec) >> 32) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK; return cpu_to_le32(extra | (time->tv_nsec << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)); } static inline void ext4_decode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time, __le32 extra) { if (unlikely(extra & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_EPOCH_MASK))) time->tv_sec += (u64)(le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK) << 32; time->tv_nsec = (le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK) >> EXT4_EPOCH_BITS; } #define EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) {\ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((inode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime); \ } \ else \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32(clamp_t(int32_t, (inode)->xtime.tv_sec, S32_MIN, S32_MAX)); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((einode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ (inode)->xtime.tv_sec = (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) { \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ } \ else \ (inode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = \ (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = 0; \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define i_disk_version osd1.linux1.l_i_version #if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.linux1.l_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.linux2.l_i_file_acl_high #define i_blocks_high osd2.linux2.l_i_blocks_high #define i_uid_low i_uid #define i_gid_low i_gid #define i_uid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_gid_high #define i_checksum_lo osd2.linux2.l_i_checksum_lo #elif defined(__GNU__) #define i_translator osd1.hurd1.h_i_translator #define i_uid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_gid_high #define i_author osd2.hurd2.h_i_author #elif defined(__masix__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.masix1.m_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.masix2.m_i_file_acl_high #define i_reserved2 osd2.masix2.m_i_reserved2 #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) */ #include "extents_status.h" #include "fast_commit.h" /* * Lock subclasses for i_data_sem in the ext4_inode_info structure. * * These are needed to avoid lockdep false positives when we need to * allocate blocks to the quota inode during ext4_map_blocks(), while * holding i_data_sem for a normal (non-quota) inode. Since we don't * do quota tracking for the quota inode, this avoids deadlock (as * well as infinite recursion, since it isn't turtles all the way * down...) * * I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL - Used for most inodes * I_DATA_SEM_OTHER - Used by move_inode.c for the second normal inode * where the second inode has larger inode number * than the first * I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA - Used for quota inodes only */ enum { I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL = 0, I_DATA_SEM_OTHER, I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA, }; /* * fourth extended file system inode data in memory */ struct ext4_inode_info { __le32 i_data[15]; /* unconverted */ __u32 i_dtime; ext4_fsblk_t i_file_acl; /* * i_block_group is the number of the block group which contains * this file's inode. Constant across the lifetime of the inode, * it is used for making block allocation decisions - we try to * place a file's data blocks near its inode block, and new inodes * near to their parent directory's inode. */ ext4_group_t i_block_group; ext4_lblk_t i_dir_start_lookup; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) unsigned long i_state_flags; /* Dynamic state flags */ #endif unsigned long i_flags; /* * Extended attributes can be read independently of the main file * data. Taking i_mutex even when reading would cause contention * between readers of EAs and writers of regular file data, so * instead we synchronize on xattr_sem when reading or changing * EAs. */ struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem; struct list_head i_orphan; /* unlinked but open inodes */ /* Fast commit related info */ struct list_head i_fc_list; /* * inodes that need fast commit * protected by sbi->s_fc_lock. */ /* Start of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_start; /* End of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_len; /* Number of ongoing updates on this inode */ atomic_t i_fc_updates; /* Fast commit wait queue for this inode */ wait_queue_head_t i_fc_wait; /* Protect concurrent accesses on i_fc_lblk_start, i_fc_lblk_len */ struct mutex i_fc_lock; /* * i_disksize keeps track of what the inode size is ON DISK, not * in memory. During truncate, i_size is set to the new size by * the VFS prior to calling ext4_truncate(), but the filesystem won't * set i_disksize to 0 until the truncate is actually under way. * * The intent is that i_disksize always represents the blocks which * are used by this file. This allows recovery to restart truncate * on orphans if we crash during truncate. We actually write i_disksize * into the on-disk inode when writing inodes out, instead of i_size. * * The only time when i_disksize and i_size may be different is when * a truncate is in progress. The only things which change i_disksize * are ext4_get_block (growth) and ext4_truncate (shrinkth). */ loff_t i_disksize; /* * i_data_sem is for serialising ext4_truncate() against * ext4_getblock(). In the 2.4 ext2 design, great chunks of inode's * data tree are chopped off during truncate. We can't do that in * ext4 because whenever we perform intermediate commits during * truncate, the inode and all the metadata blocks *must* be in a * consistent state which allows truncation of the orphans to restart * during recovery. Hence we must fix the get_block-vs-truncate race * by other means, so we have i_data_sem. */ struct rw_semaphore i_data_sem; /* * i_mmap_sem is for serializing page faults with truncate / punch hole * operations. We have to make sure that new page cannot be faulted in * a section of the inode that is being punched. We cannot easily use * i_data_sem for this since we need protection for the whole punch * operation and i_data_sem ranks below transaction start so we have * to occasionally drop it. */ struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_sem; struct inode vfs_inode; struct jbd2_inode *jinode; spinlock_t i_raw_lock; /* protects updates to the raw inode */ /* * File creation time. Its function is same as that of * struct timespec64 i_{a,c,m}time in the generic inode. */ struct timespec64 i_crtime; /* mballoc */ atomic_t i_prealloc_active; struct list_head i_prealloc_list; spinlock_t i_prealloc_lock; /* extents status tree */ struct ext4_es_tree i_es_tree; rwlock_t i_es_lock; struct list_head i_es_list; unsigned int i_es_all_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ unsigned int i_es_shk_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ ext4_lblk_t i_es_shrink_lblk; /* Offset where we start searching for extents to shrink. Protected by i_es_lock */ /* ialloc */ ext4_group_t i_last_alloc_group; /* allocation reservation info for delalloc */ /* In case of bigalloc, this refer to clusters rather than blocks */ unsigned int i_reserved_data_blocks; /* pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems */ struct ext4_pending_tree i_pending_tree; /* on-disk additional length */ __u16 i_extra_isize; /* Indicate the inline data space. */ u16 i_inline_off; u16 i_inline_size; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* quota space reservation, managed internally by quota code */ qsize_t i_reserved_quota; #endif /* Lock protecting lists below */ spinlock_t i_completed_io_lock; /* * Completed IOs that need unwritten extents handling and have * transaction reserved */ struct list_head i_rsv_conversion_list; struct work_struct i_rsv_conversion_work; atomic_t i_unwritten; /* Nr. of inflight conversions pending */ spinlock_t i_block_reservation_lock; /* * Transactions that contain inode's metadata needed to complete * fsync and fdatasync, respectively. */ tid_t i_sync_tid; tid_t i_datasync_tid; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA struct dquot *i_dquot[MAXQUOTAS]; #endif /* Precomputed uuid+inum+igen checksum for seeding inode checksums */ __u32 i_csum_seed; kprojid_t i_projid; }; /* * File system states */ #define EXT4_VALID_FS 0x0001 /* Unmounted cleanly */ #define EXT4_ERROR_FS 0x0002 /* Errors detected */ #define EXT4_ORPHAN_FS 0x0004 /* Orphans being recovered */ #define EXT4_FC_REPLAY 0x0020 /* Fast commit replay ongoing */ /* * Misc. filesystem flags */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH 0x0001 /* Signed dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH 0x0002 /* Unsigned dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_TEST_FILESYS 0x0004 /* to test development code */ /* * Mount flags set via mount options or defaults */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE 0x00001 /* Do not use mbcache */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID 0x00004 /* Create files with directory's group */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG 0x00008 /* Some debugging messages */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT 0x00010 /* Continue on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO 0x00020 /* Remount fs ro on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC 0x00040 /* Panic on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_MASK 0x00070 #define EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF 0x00080 /* Mimics the Minix statfs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD 0x00100 /* Don't use existing journal*/ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0x00200 /* Direct Access */ #else #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0 #endif #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS 0x00C00 /* Mode for data writes: */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA 0x00400 /* Write data to journal */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA 0x00800 /* Flush data before commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA 0x00C00 /* No data ordering */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_UPDATE_JOURNAL 0x01000 /* Update the journal format */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32 0x02000 /* Disable 32-bit UIDs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER 0x04000 /* Extended user attributes */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL 0x08000 /* POSIX Access Control Lists */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC 0x10000 /* No auto delalloc mapping */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER 0x20000 /* Use block barriers */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA 0x40000 /* Some quota option set */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA 0x80000 /* "old" user quota, * enable enforcement for hidden * quota files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA 0x100000 /* "old" group quota, enable * enforcement for hidden quota * files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA 0x200000 /* Enable project quota * enforcement */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK 0x400000 /* Enable support for dio read nolocking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x800000 /* Journal checksums */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x1000000 /* Journal Async Commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR 0x2000000 /* Trigger WARN_ON on error */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS 0x4000000 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC 0x8000000 /* Delalloc support */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT 0x10000000 /* Abort on file data write */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x20000000 /* Block validity checking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD 0x40000000 /* Issue DISCARD requests */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE 0x80000000 /* Initialize uninitialized itables */ /* * Mount flags set either automatically (could not be set by mount option) * based on per file system feature or property or in special cases such as * distinguishing between explicit mount option definition and default. */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_DELALLOC 0x00000001 /* User explicitly specified delalloc */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_STD_GROUP_SIZE 0x00000002 /* We have standard group size of blocksize * 8 blocks */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_HURD_COMPAT 0x00000004 /* Support HURD-castrated file systems */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x00000008 /* User explicitly specified journal checksum */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000010 /* Journal fast commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER 0x00000020 /* Do not allow Direct Access */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE 0x00000040 /* For printing options only */ #define clear_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define set_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt |= \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define test_opt(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt) #define clear_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define set_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 |= \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define test_opt2(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 & \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt) #define ext4_test_and_set_bit __test_and_set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit __set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit_atomic ext2_set_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_and_clear_bit __test_and_clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit __clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit_atomic ext2_clear_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_bit test_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_zero_bit find_next_zero_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_bit find_next_bit_le extern void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len); /* * Maximal mount counts between two filesystem checks */ #define EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT 20 /* Allow 20 mounts */ #define EXT4_DFL_CHECKINTERVAL 0 /* Don't use interval check */ /* * Behaviour when detecting errors */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE 1 /* Continue execution */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_RO 2 /* Remount fs read-only */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC 3 /* Panic */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_DEFAULT EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE /* Metadata checksum algorithm codes */ #define EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM 1 /* * Structure of the super block */ struct ext4_super_block { /*00*/ __le32 s_inodes_count; /* Inodes count */ __le32 s_blocks_count_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_lo; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_lo; /* Free blocks count */ /*10*/ __le32 s_free_inodes_count; /* Free inodes count */ __le32 s_first_data_block; /* First Data Block */ __le32 s_log_block_size; /* Block size */ __le32 s_log_cluster_size; /* Allocation cluster size */ /*20*/ __le32 s_blocks_per_group; /* # Blocks per group */ __le32 s_clusters_per_group; /* # Clusters per group */ __le32 s_inodes_per_group; /* # Inodes per group */ __le32 s_mtime; /* Mount time */ /*30*/ __le32 s_wtime; /* Write time */ __le16 s_mnt_count; /* Mount count */ __le16 s_max_mnt_count; /* Maximal mount count */ __le16 s_magic; /* Magic signature */ __le16 s_state; /* File system state */ __le16 s_errors; /* Behaviour when detecting errors */ __le16 s_minor_rev_level; /* minor revision level */ /*40*/ __le32 s_lastcheck; /* time of last check */ __le32 s_checkinterval; /* max. time between checks */ __le32 s_creator_os; /* OS */ __le32 s_rev_level; /* Revision level */ /*50*/ __le16 s_def_resuid; /* Default uid for reserved blocks */ __le16 s_def_resgid; /* Default gid for reserved blocks */ /* * These fields are for EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV superblocks only. * * Note: the difference between the compatible feature set and * the incompatible feature set is that if there is a bit set * in the incompatible feature set that the kernel doesn't * know about, it should refuse to mount the filesystem. * * e2fsck's requirements are more strict; if it doesn't know * about a feature in either the compatible or incompatible * feature set, it must abort and not try to meddle with * things it doesn't understand... */ __le32 s_first_ino; /* First non-reserved inode */ __le16 s_inode_size; /* size of inode structure */ __le16 s_block_group_nr; /* block group # of this superblock */ __le32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ /*60*/ __le32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __le32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /*68*/ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for volume */ /*78*/ char s_volume_name[16]; /* volume name */ /*88*/ char s_last_mounted[64] __nonstring; /* directory where last mounted */ /*C8*/ __le32 s_algorithm_usage_bitmap; /* For compression */ /* * Performance hints. Directory preallocation should only * happen if the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC flag is on. */ __u8 s_prealloc_blocks; /* Nr of blocks to try to preallocate*/ __u8 s_prealloc_dir_blocks; /* Nr to preallocate for dirs */ __le16 s_reserved_gdt_blocks; /* Per group desc for online growth */ /* * Journaling support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL set. */ /*D0*/ __u8 s_journal_uuid[16]; /* uuid of journal superblock */ /*E0*/ __le32 s_journal_inum; /* inode number of journal file */ __le32 s_journal_dev; /* device number of journal file */ __le32 s_last_orphan; /* start of list of inodes to delete */ __le32 s_hash_seed[4]; /* HTREE hash seed */ __u8 s_def_hash_version; /* Default hash version to use */ __u8 s_jnl_backup_type; __le16 s_desc_size; /* size of group descriptor */ /*100*/ __le32 s_default_mount_opts; __le32 s_first_meta_bg; /* First metablock block group */ __le32 s_mkfs_time; /* When the filesystem was created */ __le32 s_jnl_blocks[17]; /* Backup of the journal inode */ /* 64bit support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_64BIT */ /*150*/ __le32 s_blocks_count_hi; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_hi; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_hi; /* Free blocks count */ __le16 s_min_extra_isize; /* All inodes have at least # bytes */ __le16 s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ __le32 s_flags; /* Miscellaneous flags */ __le16 s_raid_stride; /* RAID stride */ __le16 s_mmp_update_interval; /* # seconds to wait in MMP checking */ __le64 s_mmp_block; /* Block for multi-mount protection */ __le32 s_raid_stripe_width; /* blocks on all data disks (N*stride)*/ __u8 s_log_groups_per_flex; /* FLEX_BG group size */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* metadata checksum algorithm used */ __u8 s_encryption_level; /* versioning level for encryption */ __u8 s_reserved_pad; /* Padding to next 32bits */ __le64 s_kbytes_written; /* nr of lifetime kilobytes written */ __le32 s_snapshot_inum; /* Inode number of active snapshot */ __le32 s_snapshot_id; /* sequential ID of active snapshot */ __le64 s_snapshot_r_blocks_count; /* reserved blocks for active snapshot's future use */ __le32 s_snapshot_list; /* inode number of the head of the on-disk snapshot list */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_START offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_error_count) __le32 s_error_count; /* number of fs errors */ __le32 s_first_error_time; /* first time an error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_ino; /* inode involved in first error */ __le64 s_first_error_block; /* block involved of first error */ __u8 s_first_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le32 s_last_error_time; /* most recent time of an error */ __le32 s_last_error_ino; /* inode involved in last error */ __le32 s_last_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le64 s_last_error_block; /* block involved of last error */ __u8 s_last_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_END offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_mount_opts) __u8 s_mount_opts[64]; __le32 s_usr_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking user quota */ __le32 s_grp_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking group quota */ __le32 s_overhead_clusters; /* overhead blocks/clusters in fs */ __le32 s_backup_bgs[2]; /* groups with sparse_super2 SBs */ __u8 s_encrypt_algos[4]; /* Encryption algorithms in use */ __u8 s_encrypt_pw_salt[16]; /* Salt used for string2key algorithm */ __le32 s_lpf_ino; /* Location of the lost+found inode */ __le32 s_prj_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking project quota */ __le32 s_checksum_seed; /* crc32c(uuid) if csum_seed set */ __u8 s_wtime_hi; __u8 s_mtime_hi; __u8 s_mkfs_time_hi; __u8 s_lastcheck_hi; __u8 s_first_error_time_hi; __u8 s_last_error_time_hi; __u8 s_first_error_errcode; __u8 s_last_error_errcode; __le16 s_encoding; /* Filename charset encoding */ __le16 s_encoding_flags; /* Filename charset encoding flags */ __le32 s_reserved[95]; /* Padding to the end of the block */ __le32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ }; #define EXT4_S_ERR_LEN (EXT4_S_ERR_END - EXT4_S_ERR_START) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) ((sbi)->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy != NULL) #else #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) (0) #endif /* Number of quota types we support */ #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS 3 #define EXT4_ENC_UTF8_12_1 1 /* * fourth extended-fs super-block data in memory */ struct ext4_sb_info { unsigned long s_desc_size; /* Size of a group descriptor in bytes */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_block;/* Number of inodes per block */ unsigned long s_blocks_per_group;/* Number of blocks in a group */ unsigned long s_clusters_per_group; /* Number of clusters in a group */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_group;/* Number of inodes in a group */ unsigned long s_itb_per_group; /* Number of inode table blocks per group */ unsigned long s_gdb_count; /* Number of group descriptor blocks */ unsigned long s_desc_per_block; /* Number of group descriptors per block */ ext4_group_t s_groups_count; /* Number of groups in the fs */ ext4_group_t s_blockfile_groups;/* Groups acceptable for non-extent files */ unsigned long s_overhead; /* # of fs overhead clusters */ unsigned int s_cluster_ratio; /* Number of blocks per cluster */ unsigned int s_cluster_bits; /* log2 of s_cluster_ratio */ loff_t s_bitmap_maxbytes; /* max bytes for bitmap files */ struct buffer_head * s_sbh; /* Buffer containing the super block */ struct ext4_super_block *s_es; /* Pointer to the super block in the buffer */ struct buffer_head * __rcu *s_group_desc; unsigned int s_mount_opt; unsigned int s_mount_opt2; unsigned long s_mount_flags; unsigned int s_def_mount_opt; ext4_fsblk_t s_sb_block; atomic64_t s_resv_clusters; kuid_t s_resuid; kgid_t s_resgid; unsigned short s_mount_state; unsigned short s_pad; int s_addr_per_block_bits; int s_desc_per_block_bits; int s_inode_size; int s_first_ino; unsigned int s_inode_readahead_blks; unsigned int s_inode_goal; u32 s_hash_seed[4]; int s_def_hash_version; int s_hash_unsigned; /* 3 if hash should be signed, 0 if not */ struct percpu_counter s_freeclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_freeinodes_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirs_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirtyclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit; struct blockgroup_lock *s_blockgroup_lock; struct proc_dir_entry *s_proc; struct kobject s_kobj; struct completion s_kobj_unregister; struct super_block *s_sb; struct buffer_head *s_mmp_bh; /* Journaling */ struct journal_s *s_journal; struct list_head s_orphan; struct mutex s_orphan_lock; unsigned long s_ext4_flags; /* Ext4 superblock flags */ unsigned long s_commit_interval; u32 s_max_batch_time; u32 s_min_batch_time; struct block_device *s_journal_bdev; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Names of quota files with journalled quota */ char __rcu *s_qf_names[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS]; int s_jquota_fmt; /* Format of quota to use */ #endif unsigned int s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ struct ext4_system_blocks __rcu *s_system_blks; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS /* ext4 extents stats */ unsigned long s_ext_min; unsigned long s_ext_max; unsigned long s_depth_max; spinlock_t s_ext_stats_lock; unsigned long s_ext_blocks; unsigned long s_ext_extents; #endif /* for buddy allocator */ struct ext4_group_info ** __rcu *s_group_info; struct inode *s_buddy_cache; spinlock_t s_md_lock; unsigned short *s_mb_offsets; unsigned int *s_mb_maxs; unsigned int s_group_info_size; unsigned int s_mb_free_pending; struct list_head s_freed_data_list; /* List of blocks to be freed after commit completed */ /* tunables */ unsigned long s_stripe; unsigned int s_mb_stream_request; unsigned int s_mb_max_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_min_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_stats; unsigned int s_mb_order2_reqs; unsigned int s_mb_group_prealloc; unsigned int s_mb_max_inode_prealloc; unsigned int s_max_dir_size_kb; /* where last allocation was done - for stream allocation */ unsigned long s_mb_last_group; unsigned long s_mb_last_start; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch_limit; /* stats for buddy allocator */ atomic_t s_bal_reqs; /* number of reqs with len > 1 */ atomic_t s_bal_success; /* we found long enough chunks */ atomic_t s_bal_allocated; /* in blocks */ atomic_t s_bal_ex_scanned; /* total extents scanned */ atomic_t s_bal_goals; /* goal hits */ atomic_t s_bal_breaks; /* too long searches */ atomic_t s_bal_2orders; /* 2^order hits */ spinlock_t s_bal_lock; unsigned long s_mb_buddies_generated; unsigned long long s_mb_generation_time; atomic_t s_mb_lost_chunks; atomic_t s_mb_preallocated; atomic_t s_mb_discarded; atomic_t s_lock_busy; /* locality groups */ struct ext4_locality_group __percpu *s_locality_groups; /* for write statistics */ unsigned long s_sectors_written_start; u64 s_kbytes_written; /* the size of zero-out chunk */ unsigned int s_extent_max_zeroout_kb; unsigned int s_log_groups_per_flex; struct flex_groups * __rcu *s_flex_groups; ext4_group_t s_flex_groups_allocated; /* workqueue for reserved extent conversions (buffered io) */ struct workqueue_struct *rsv_conversion_wq; /* timer for periodic error stats printing */ struct timer_list s_err_report; /* Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_li_request *s_li_request; /* Wait multiplier for lazy initialization thread */ unsigned int s_li_wait_mult; /* Kernel thread for multiple mount protection */ struct task_struct *s_mmp_tsk; /* record the last minlen when FITRIM is called. */ atomic_t s_last_trim_minblks; /* Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi */ struct crypto_shash *s_chksum_driver; /* Precomputed FS UUID checksum for seeding other checksums */ __u32 s_csum_seed; /* Reclaim extents from extent status tree */ struct shrinker s_es_shrinker; struct list_head s_es_list; /* List of inodes with reclaimable extents */ long s_es_nr_inode; struct ext4_es_stats s_es_stats; struct mb_cache *s_ea_block_cache; struct mb_cache *s_ea_inode_cache; spinlock_t s_es_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Ratelimit ext4 messages. */ struct ratelimit_state s_err_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_warning_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_msg_ratelimit_state; atomic_t s_warning_count; atomic_t s_msg_count; /* Encryption policy for '-o test_dummy_encryption' */ struct fscrypt_dummy_policy s_dummy_enc_policy; /* * Barrier between writepages ops and changing any inode's JOURNAL_DATA * or EXTENTS flag. */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore s_writepages_rwsem; struct dax_device *s_daxdev; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG unsigned long s_simulate_fail; #endif /* Record the errseq of the backing block device */ errseq_t s_bdev_wb_err; spinlock_t s_bdev_wb_lock; /* Ext4 fast commit stuff */ atomic_t s_fc_subtid; atomic_t s_fc_ineligible_updates; /* * After commit starts, the main queue gets locked, and the further * updates get added in the staging queue. */ #define FC_Q_MAIN 0 #define FC_Q_STAGING 1 struct list_head s_fc_q[2]; /* Inodes staged for fast commit * that have data changes in them. */ struct list_head s_fc_dentry_q[2]; /* directory entry updates */ unsigned int s_fc_bytes; /* * Main fast commit lock. This lock protects accesses to the * following fields: * ei->i_fc_list, s_fc_dentry_q, s_fc_q, s_fc_bytes, s_fc_bh. */ spinlock_t s_fc_lock; struct buffer_head *s_fc_bh; struct ext4_fc_stats s_fc_stats; u64 s_fc_avg_commit_time; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG int s_fc_debug_max_replay; #endif struct ext4_fc_replay_state s_fc_replay_state; }; static inline struct ext4_sb_info *EXT4_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct ext4_inode_info *EXT4_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino) { return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO || (ino >= EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino <= le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count)); } /* * Returns: sbi->field[index] * Used to access an array element from the following sbi fields which require * rcu protection to avoid dereferencing an invalid pointer due to reassignment * - s_group_desc * - s_group_info * - s_flex_group */ #define sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, field, index) \ ({ \ typeof(*((sbi)->field)) _v; \ rcu_read_lock(); \ _v = ((typeof(_v)*)rcu_dereference((sbi)->field))[index]; \ rcu_read_unlock(); \ _v; \ }) /* * run-time mount flags */ enum { EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED, /* Fatal error detected */ EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE, /* Fast commit ineligible */ EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING /* File system underoing a fast * commit. */ }; static inline void ext4_set_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { set_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline void ext4_clear_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { clear_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline int ext4_test_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { return test_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } /* * Simulate_fail codes */ #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_EIO 1 #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_CRC 2 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_EIO 3 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_CRC 4 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_EIO 5 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_CRC 6 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_EIO 7 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC 8 static inline bool ext4_simulate_fail(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long code) { #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (unlikely(sbi->s_simulate_fail == code)) { sbi->s_simulate_fail = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } static inline void ext4_simulate_fail_bh(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long code) { if (!IS_ERR(bh) && ext4_simulate_fail(sb, code)) clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); } /* * Error number codes for s_{first,last}_error_errno * * Linux errno numbers are architecture specific, so we need to translate * them into something which is architecture independent. We don't define * codes for all errno's; just the ones which are most likely to be the cause * of an ext4_error() call. */ #define EXT4_ERR_UNKNOWN 1 #define EXT4_ERR_EIO 2 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOMEM 3 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSBADCRC 4 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSCORRUPTED 5 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOSPC 6 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOKEY 7 #define EXT4_ERR_EROFS 8 #define EXT4_ERR_EFBIG 9 #define EXT4_ERR_EEXIST 10 #define EXT4_ERR_ERANGE 11 #define EXT4_ERR_EOVERFLOW 12 #define EXT4_ERR_EBUSY 13 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTDIR 14 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTEMPTY 15 #define EXT4_ERR_ESHUTDOWN 16 #define EXT4_ERR_EFAULT 17 /* * Inode dynamic state flags */ enum { EXT4_STATE_JDATA, /* journaled data exists */ EXT4_STATE_NEW, /* inode is newly created */ EXT4_STATE_XATTR, /* has in-inode xattrs */ EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND, /* No space for expansion */ EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE, /* Alloc DA blks on close */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE, /* Inode is migrating */ EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY, /* File just added to dir */ EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA, /* may have in-inode data */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED, /* extents have been precached */ EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE, /* Lustre-style ea_inode */ EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS, /* building fs-verity Merkle tree */ EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING, /* Fast commit ongoing */ }; #define EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(name, field, offset) \ static inline int ext4_test_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ return test_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ set_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ clear_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(flag, flags, 0) /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, state_flags, 0) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { (ei)->i_state_flags = 0; } #else EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, flags, 32) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { /* We depend on the fact that callers will set i_flags */ } #endif #else /* Assume that user mode programs are passing in an ext4fs superblock, not * a kernel struct super_block. This will allow us to call the feature-test * macros from user land. */ #define EXT4_SB(sb) (sb) #endif static inline bool ext4_verity_in_progress(struct inode *inode) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_VERITY) && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS); } #define NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime /* * Codes for operating systems */ #define EXT4_OS_LINUX 0 #define EXT4_OS_HURD 1 #define EXT4_OS_MASIX 2 #define EXT4_OS_FREEBSD 3 #define EXT4_OS_LITES 4 /* * Revision levels */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV 0 /* The good old (original) format */ #define EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV 1 /* V2 format w/ dynamic inode sizes */ #define EXT4_CURRENT_REV EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV #define EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE 128 #define EXT4_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX (((s64)1 << 34) - 1 + S32_MIN) #define EXT4_NON_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX S32_MAX #define EXT4_TIMESTAMP_MIN S32_MIN /* * Feature set definitions */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_IMAGIC_INODES 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_RESIZE_INODE 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER2 0x0200 /* * The reason why "FAST_COMMIT" is a compat feature is that, FS becomes * incompatible only if fast commit blocks are present in the FS. Since we * clear the journal (and thus the fast commit blocks), we don't mark FS as * incompatible. We also have a JBD2 incompat feature, which gets set when * there are fast commit blocks present in the journal. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_STABLE_INODES 0x0800 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE 0x0040 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC 0x0200 /* * METADATA_CSUM also enables group descriptor checksums (GDT_CSUM). When * METADATA_CSUM is set, group descriptor checksums use the same algorithm as * all other data structures' checksums. However, the METADATA_CSUM and * GDT_CSUM bits are mutually exclusive. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_READONLY 0x1000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY 0x8000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPRESSION 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER 0x0004 /* Needs recovery */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV 0x0008 /* Journal device */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS 0x0040 /* extents support */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x0080 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG 0x0200 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE 0x0400 /* EA in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_DIRDATA 0x1000 /* data in dirent */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR 0x4000 /* >2GB or 3-lvl htree */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA 0x8000 /* data in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT 0x10000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD 0x20000 extern void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb); #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_prealloc, DIR_PREALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(imagic_inodes, IMAGIC_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(journal, HAS_JOURNAL) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(xattr, EXT_ATTR) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(resize_inode, RESIZE_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_index, DIR_INDEX) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super2, SPARSE_SUPER2) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(stable_inodes, STABLE_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super, SPARSE_SUPER) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(large_file, LARGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(btree_dir, BTREE_DIR) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(huge_file, HUGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(gdt_csum, GDT_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_nlink, DIR_NLINK) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(extra_isize, EXTRA_ISIZE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(quota, QUOTA) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(bigalloc, BIGALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(metadata_csum, METADATA_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(readonly, READONLY) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(project, PROJECT) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(verity, VERITY) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(compression, COMPRESSION) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(filetype, FILETYPE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_needs_recovery, RECOVER) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_dev, JOURNAL_DEV) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(meta_bg, META_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(extents, EXTENTS) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(mmp, MMP) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(flex_bg, FLEX_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(ea_inode, EA_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(dirdata, DIRDATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum_seed, CSUM_SEED) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(largedir, LARGEDIR) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(inline_data, INLINE_DATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(encrypt, ENCRYPT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(casefold, CASEFOLD) #define EXT2_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT3_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT3_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT3_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM|\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY) #define EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(ver) \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(2) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(3) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(4) static inline bool ext4_has_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat != 0); } /* * Superblock flags */ #define EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING 0 #define EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN 1 #define EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX 2 static inline int ext4_forced_shutdown(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); } /* * Default values for user and/or group using reserved blocks */ #define EXT4_DEF_RESUID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_RESGID 0 /* * Default project ID */ #define EXT4_DEF_PROJID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS 32 /* * Default mount options */ #define EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG 0x0001 #define EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS 0x0002 #define EXT4_DEFM_XATTR_USER 0x0004 #define EXT4_DEFM_ACL 0x0008 #define EXT4_DEFM_UID16 0x0010 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA 0x0020 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED 0x0040 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER 0x0100 #define EXT4_DEFM_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x0200 #define EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD 0x0400 #define EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC 0x0800 /* * Default journal batch times */ #define EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME 0 #define EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME 15000 /* 15ms */ /* * Minimum number of groups in a flexgroup before we separate out * directories into the first block group of a flexgroup */ #define EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME 4 /* * Structure of a directory entry */ #define EXT4_NAME_LEN 255 struct ext4_dir_entry { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __le16 name_len; /* Name length */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * The new version of the directory entry. Since EXT4 structures are * stored in intel byte order, and the name_len field could never be * bigger than 255 chars, it's safe to reclaim the extra byte for the * file_type field. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_2 { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __u8 name_len; /* Name length */ __u8 file_type; /* See file type macros EXT4_FT_* below */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * This is a bogus directory entry at the end of each leaf block that * records checksums. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_tail { __le32 det_reserved_zero1; /* Pretend to be unused */ __le16 det_rec_len; /* 12 */ __u8 det_reserved_zero2; /* Zero name length */ __u8 det_reserved_ft; /* 0xDE, fake file type */ __le32 det_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; #define EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(block, blocksize) \ ((struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)(((void *)(block)) + \ ((blocksize) - \ sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)))) /* * Ext4 directory file types. Only the low 3 bits are used. The * other bits are reserved for now. */ #define EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN 0 #define EXT4_FT_REG_FILE 1 #define EXT4_FT_DIR 2 #define EXT4_FT_CHRDEV 3 #define EXT4_FT_BLKDEV 4 #define EXT4_FT_FIFO 5 #define EXT4_FT_SOCK 6 #define EXT4_FT_SYMLINK 7 #define EXT4_FT_MAX 8 #define EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM 0xDE /* * EXT4_DIR_PAD defines the directory entries boundaries * * NOTE: It must be a multiple of 4 */ #define EXT4_DIR_PAD 4 #define EXT4_DIR_ROUND (EXT4_DIR_PAD - 1) #define EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(name_len) (((name_len) + 8 + EXT4_DIR_ROUND) & \ ~EXT4_DIR_ROUND) #define EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN ((1<<16)-1) /* * If we ever get support for fs block sizes > page_size, we'll need * to remove the #if statements in the next two functions... */ static inline unsigned int ext4_rec_len_from_disk(__le16 dlen, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned len = le16_to_cpu(dlen); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len == EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN || len == 0) return blocksize; return (len & 65532) | ((len & 3) << 16); #else return len; #endif } static inline __le16 ext4_rec_len_to_disk(unsigned len, unsigned blocksize) { if ((len > blocksize) || (blocksize > (1 << 18)) || (len & 3)) BUG(); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len < 65536) return cpu_to_le16(len); if (len == blocksize) { if (blocksize == 65536) return cpu_to_le16(EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN); else return cpu_to_le16(0); } return cpu_to_le16((len & 65532) | ((len >> 16) & 3)); #else return cpu_to_le16(len); #endif } /* * Hash Tree Directory indexing * (c) Daniel Phillips, 2001 */ #define is_dx(dir) (ext4_has_feature_dir_index((dir)->i_sb) && \ ext4_test_inode_flag((dir), EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir) unlikely((dir)->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX && \ !(ext4_has_feature_dir_nlink((dir)->i_sb) && is_dx(dir))) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(dir) ((dir)->i_nlink == 2 || (dir)->i_nlink == 1) /* Legal values for the dx_root hash_version field: */ #define DX_HASH_LEGACY 0 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 1 #define DX_HASH_TEA 2 #define DX_HASH_LEGACY_UNSIGNED 3 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4_UNSIGNED 4 #define DX_HASH_TEA_UNSIGNED 5 static inline u32 ext4_chksum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[4]; } desc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(sbi->s_chksum_driver)!=sizeof(desc.ctx)); desc.shash.tfm = sbi->s_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length)); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* hash info structure used by the directory hash */ struct dx_hash_info { u32 hash; u32 minor_hash; int hash_version; u32 *seed; }; /* 32 and 64 bit signed EOF for dx directories */ #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT ((1UL << (32 - 1)) - 1) #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT ((1ULL << (64 - 1)) - 1) /* * Control parameters used by ext4_htree_next_block */ #define HASH_NB_ALWAYS 1 struct ext4_filename { const struct qstr *usr_fname; struct fscrypt_str disk_name; struct dx_hash_info hinfo; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct fscrypt_str cf_name; #endif }; #define fname_name(p) ((p)->disk_name.name) #define fname_len(p) ((p)->disk_name.len) /* * Describe an inode's exact location on disk and in memory */ struct ext4_iloc { struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned long offset; ext4_group_t block_group; }; static inline struct ext4_inode *ext4_raw_inode(struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { return (struct ext4_inode *) (iloc->bh->b_data + iloc->offset); } static inline bool ext4_is_quota_file(struct inode *inode) { return IS_NOQUOTA(inode) && !(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL); } /* * This structure is stuffed into the struct file's private_data field * for directories. It is where we put information so that we can do * readdir operations in hash tree order. */ struct dir_private_info { struct rb_root root; struct rb_node *curr_node; struct fname *extra_fname; loff_t last_pos; __u32 curr_hash; __u32 curr_minor_hash; __u32 next_hash; }; /* calculate the first block number of the group */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_group_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group_no) { return group_no * (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block); } /* * Special error return code only used by dx_probe() and its callers. */ #define ERR_BAD_DX_DIR (-(MAX_ERRNO - 1)) /* htree levels for ext4 */ #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT 2 #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL 3 static inline int ext4_dir_htree_level(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) ? EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL : EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT; } /* * Timeout and state flag for lazy initialization inode thread. */ #define EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT 10 #define EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY 5 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT 0x0001 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING 0x0002 /* * Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_lazy_init { unsigned long li_state; struct list_head li_request_list; struct mutex li_list_mtx; }; enum ext4_li_mode { EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP, EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE, }; struct ext4_li_request { struct super_block *lr_super; enum ext4_li_mode lr_mode; ext4_group_t lr_first_not_zeroed; ext4_group_t lr_next_group; struct list_head lr_request; unsigned long lr_next_sched; unsigned long lr_timeout; }; struct ext4_features { struct kobject f_kobj; struct completion f_kobj_unregister; }; /* * This structure will be used for multiple mount protection. It will be * written into the block number saved in the s_mmp_block field in the * superblock. Programs that check MMP should assume that if * SEQ_FSCK (or any unknown code above SEQ_MAX) is present then it is NOT safe * to use the filesystem, regardless of how old the timestamp is. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAGIC 0x004D4D50U /* ASCII for MMP */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN 0xFF4D4D50U /* mmp_seq value for clean unmount */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_FSCK 0xE24D4D50U /* mmp_seq value when being fscked */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX 0xE24D4D4FU /* maximum valid mmp_seq value */ struct mmp_struct { __le32 mmp_magic; /* Magic number for MMP */ __le32 mmp_seq; /* Sequence no. updated periodically */ /* * mmp_time, mmp_nodename & mmp_bdevname are only used for information * purposes and do not affect the correctness of the algorithm */ __le64 mmp_time; /* Time last updated */ char mmp_nodename[64]; /* Node which last updated MMP block */ char mmp_bdevname[32]; /* Bdev which last updated MMP block */ /* * mmp_check_interval is used to verify if the MMP block has been * updated on the block device. The value is updated based on the * maximum time to write the MMP block during an update cycle. */ __le16 mmp_check_interval; __le16 mmp_pad1; __le32 mmp_pad2[226]; __le32 mmp_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+mmp_block) */ }; /* arguments passed to the mmp thread */ struct mmpd_data { struct buffer_head *bh; /* bh from initial read_mmp_block() */ struct super_block *sb; /* super block of the fs */ }; /* * Check interval multiplier * The MMP block is written every update interval and initially checked every * update interval x the multiplier (the value is then adapted based on the * write latency). The reason is that writes can be delayed under load and we * don't want readers to incorrectly assume that the filesystem is no longer * in use. */ #define EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT 2UL /* * Minimum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL 5UL /* * Maximum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAX_CHECK_INTERVAL 300UL /* * Function prototypes */ /* * Ok, these declarations are also in <linux/kernel.h> but none of the * ext4 source programs needs to include it so they are duplicated here. */ # define NORET_TYPE /**/ # define ATTRIB_NORET __attribute__((noreturn)) # define NORET_AND noreturn, /* bitmap.c */ extern unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned numchars); void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); /* balloc.c */ extern void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr, ext4_group_t *blockgrpp, ext4_grpblk_t *offsetp); extern ext4_group_t ext4_get_group_number(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); extern unsigned int ext4_block_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern ext4_grpblk_t ext4_block_group_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *count, int *errp); extern int ext4_claim_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_blocks_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block * sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head ** bh); extern int ext4_should_retry_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int *retries); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, bool ignore_locked); extern int ext4_wait_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head *bh); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group); extern unsigned ext4_free_clusters_after_init(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_to_goal_block(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern void ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct fscrypt_str *fname); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static inline void ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(struct ext4_filename *dst, const struct fscrypt_name *src) { memset(dst, 0, sizeof(*dst)); dst->usr_fname = src->usr_fname; dst->disk_name = src->disk_name; dst->hinfo.hash = src->hash; dst->hinfo.minor_hash = src->minor_hash; dst->crypto_buf = src->crypto_buf; } static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_setup_filename(dir, iname, lookup, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; name.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; fscrypt_free_filename(&name); fname->crypto_buf.name = NULL; fname->usr_fname = NULL; fname->disk_name.name = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { fname->usr_fname = iname; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *) iname->name; fname->disk_name.len = iname->len; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { return ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 1, fname); } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ /* dir.c */ extern int __ext4_check_dir_entry(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, struct file *, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *, struct buffer_head *, char *, int, unsigned int); #define ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, filp, de, bh, buf, size, offset) \ unlikely(__ext4_check_dir_entry(__func__, __LINE__, (dir), (filp), \ (de), (bh), (buf), (size), (offset))) extern int ext4_htree_store_dirent(struct file *dir_file, __u32 hash, __u32 minor_hash, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dirent, struct fscrypt_str *ent_name); extern void ext4_htree_free_dir_info(struct dir_private_info *p); extern int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de); void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname); static inline void ext4_update_dx_flag(struct inode *inode) { if (!ext4_has_feature_dir_index(inode->i_sb) && ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) { /* ext4_iget() should have caught this... */ WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)); ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); } } static const unsigned char ext4_filetype_table[] = { DT_UNKNOWN, DT_REG, DT_DIR, DT_CHR, DT_BLK, DT_FIFO, DT_SOCK, DT_LNK }; static inline unsigned char get_dtype(struct super_block *sb, int filetype) { if (!ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb) || filetype >= EXT4_FT_MAX) return DT_UNKNOWN; return ext4_filetype_table[filetype]; } extern int ext4_check_all_de(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size); /* fsync.c */ extern int ext4_sync_file(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); /* hash.c */ extern int ext4fs_dirhash(const struct inode *dir, const char *name, int len, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo); /* ialloc.c */ extern int ext4_mark_inode_used(struct super_block *sb, int ino); extern struct inode *__ext4_new_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *, umode_t, const struct qstr *qstr, __u32 goal, uid_t *owner, __u32 i_flags, int handle_type, unsigned int line_no, int nblocks); #define ext4_new_inode(handle, dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, i_flags) \ __ext4_new_inode((handle), (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ i_flags, 0, 0, 0) #define ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, \ type, nblocks) \ __ext4_new_inode(NULL, (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ 0, (type), __LINE__, (nblocks)) extern void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern struct inode * ext4_orphan_get(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern unsigned long ext4_count_free_inodes(struct super_block *); extern unsigned long ext4_count_dirs(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_inodes_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap); extern int ext4_init_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int barrier); extern void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* fast_commit.c */ int ext4_fc_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); void ext4_fc_init(struct super_block *sb, journal_t *journal); void ext4_fc_init_inode(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_track_range(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); void __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_start_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(struct super_block *sb); void ext4_fc_start_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_stop_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_del(struct inode *inode); bool ext4_fc_replay_check_excluded(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); void ext4_fc_replay_cleanup(struct super_block *sb); int ext4_fc_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t commit_tid); int __init ext4_fc_init_dentry_cache(void); /* mballoc.c */ extern const struct seq_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops; extern long ext4_mb_stats; extern long ext4_mb_max_to_scan; extern int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *); extern int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle_t *, struct ext4_allocation_request *, int *); extern int ext4_mb_reserve_blocks(struct super_block *, int); extern void ext4_discard_preallocations(struct inode *, unsigned int); extern int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void); extern void ext4_exit_mballoc(void); extern ext4_group_t ext4_mb_prefetch(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr, int *cnt); extern void ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr); extern void ext4_free_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count, int flags); extern int ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroups); extern int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t i, struct ext4_group_desc *desc); extern int ext4_group_add_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count); extern int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *, struct fstrim_range *); extern void ext4_process_freed_data(struct super_block *sb, tid_t commit_tid); extern void ext4_mb_mark_bb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, int len, int state); /* inode.c */ void ext4_inode_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei); int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode); struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); int ext4_bread_batch(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int bh_count, bool wait, struct buffer_head **bhs); int ext4_get_block_unwritten(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create); int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *head, unsigned from, unsigned to, int *partial, int (*fn)(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)); int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); #define FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC 1 #define CONVERT_INLINE_DATA 2 typedef enum { EXT4_IGET_NORMAL = 0, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL = 0x0001, /* OK to iget a system inode */ EXT4_IGET_HANDLE = 0x0002 /* Inode # is from a handle */ } ext4_iget_flags; extern struct inode *__ext4_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, ext4_iget_flags flags, const char *function, unsigned int line); #define ext4_iget(sb, ino, flags) \ __ext4_iget((sb), (ino), (flags), __func__, __LINE__) extern int ext4_write_inode(struct inode *, struct writeback_control *); extern int ext4_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int ext4_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *); extern void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *); extern int ext4_file_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int ext4_sync_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern void ext4_dirty_inode(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *, struct ext4_iloc *); extern int ext4_get_fc_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); extern int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_truncate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *); extern int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length); extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *, bool init); extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode); extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *); extern int ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int nrblocks); extern int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern vm_fault_t ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern vm_fault_t ext4_filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_get_projid(struct inode *inode, kprojid_t *projid); extern void ext4_da_release_space(struct inode *inode, int to_free); extern void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode, int used, int quota_claim); extern int ext4_issue_zeroout(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t len); /* indirect.c */ extern int ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ind_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks); extern void ext4_ind_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ind_remove_space(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); /* ioctl.c */ extern long ext4_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern void ext4_reset_inode_seed(struct inode *inode); /* migrate.c */ extern int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_ind_migrate(struct inode *inode); /* namei.c */ extern int ext4_init_new_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash); extern int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); extern int ext4_generic_delete_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size); extern bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode); /* resize.c */ extern void ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(void *to_free); extern int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input); extern int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); extern int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); /* super.c */ extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern void ext4_read_bh_nowait(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh_lock(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bool wait); extern void ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern int ext4_seq_options_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset); extern int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup); extern const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno, char nbuf[16]); extern void ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, unsigned int flags); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, __u64, const char *, ...); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_error_file(struct file *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); extern void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning_inode(const struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 4) void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *, const char *, const char *, ...); extern void __dump_mmp_msg(struct super_block *, struct mmp_struct *mmp, const char *, unsigned int, const char *); extern __printf(7, 8) void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *, unsigned int, struct super_block *, ext4_group_t, unsigned long, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(inode, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (err), (fmt), ## a) #define ext4_error_inode_block(inode, block, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (err), \ (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_FILE(file, block, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_file((file), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a) #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, 0, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), (func), (line), (block), \ (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, 0, 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_abort((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, __func__, __LINE__, msg) #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_grp_locked_error(__func__, __LINE__, sb, grp, ino, block, \ fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_file(file, "", 0, block, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, 0, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, err, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_abort(sb, "", 0, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning(sb, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_msg(sb, "", " "); \ } while (0) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, "", 0, "") #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_grp_locked_error("", 0, sb, grp, ino, block, " "); \ } while (0) #endif extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed); static inline int ext4_has_metadata_csum(struct super_block *sb) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && !EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver); return ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver != NULL); } static inline int ext4_has_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb) || ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb); } #define ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, name) \ (((es)->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT) \ ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->name##_hi) << 32 : 0) | \ le32_to_cpu(es->name##_lo)) static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_r_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_r_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_free_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_free_blocks_count); } static inline void ext4_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_free_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_r_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_r_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_r_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline loff_t ext4_isize(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode) { if (ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) || S_ISREG(le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_mode))) return ((loff_t)le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_high) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); return (loff_t) le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); } static inline void ext4_isize_set(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, loff_t i_size) { raw_inode->i_size_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_size); raw_inode->i_size_high = cpu_to_le32(i_size >> 32); } static inline struct ext4_group_info *ext4_get_group_info(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { struct ext4_group_info **grp_info; long indexv, indexh; BUG_ON(group >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count); indexv = group >> (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)); indexh = group & ((EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) - 1); grp_info = sbi_array_rcu_deref(EXT4_SB(sb), s_group_info, indexv); return grp_info[indexh]; } /* * Reading s_groups_count requires using smp_rmb() afterwards. See * the locking protocol documented in the comments of ext4_group_add() * in resize.c */ static inline ext4_group_t ext4_get_groups_count(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; smp_rmb(); return ngroups; } static inline ext4_group_t ext4_flex_group(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, ext4_group_t block_group) { return block_group >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } static inline unsigned int ext4_flex_bg_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } #define ext4_std_error(sb, errno) \ do { \ if ((errno)) \ __ext4_std_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (errno)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Each CPU can accumulate percpu_counter_batch clusters in their local * counters. So we need to make sure we have free clusters more * than percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids. Also add a window of 4 times. */ #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK (4 * (percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids)) #else #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK 0 #endif /* Update i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline void ext4_update_i_disksize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { WARN_ON_ONCE(S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) WRITE_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize, newsize); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } /* Update i_size, i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline int ext4_update_inode_size(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { int changed = 0; if (newsize > inode->i_size) { i_size_write(inode, newsize); changed = 1; } if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) { ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, newsize); changed |= 2; } return changed; } int ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); struct ext4_group_info { unsigned long bb_state; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK unsigned long bb_check_counter; #endif struct rb_root bb_free_root; ext4_grpblk_t bb_first_free; /* first free block */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_free; /* total free blocks */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_fragments; /* nr of freespace fragments */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_largest_free_order;/* order of largest frag in BG */ struct list_head bb_prealloc_list; #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK void *bb_bitmap; #endif struct rw_semaphore alloc_sem; ext4_grpblk_t bb_counters[]; /* Nr of free power-of-two-block * regions, index is order. * bb_counters[3] = 5 means * 5 free 8-block regions. */ }; #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT 0 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT 1 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 2 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 3 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT 4 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(grp) \ (set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(grp) \ (clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_TEST_AND_SET_READ(grp) \ (test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION 8 #define EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD 2 static inline spinlock_t *ext4_group_lock_ptr(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { return bgl_lock_ptr(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_blockgroup_lock, group); } /* * Returns true if the filesystem is busy enough that attempts to * access the block group locks has run into contention. */ static inline int ext4_fs_is_busy(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return (atomic_read(&sbi->s_lock_busy) > EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD); } static inline void ext4_lock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spinlock_t *lock = ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group); if (spin_trylock(lock)) /* * We're able to grab the lock right away, so drop the * lock contention counter. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, -1, 0); else { /* * The lock is busy, so bump the contention counter, * and then wait on the spin lock. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, 1, EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION); spin_lock(lock); } } static inline void ext4_unlock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spin_unlock(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group)); } /* * Block validity checking */ #define ext4_check_indirect_blockref(inode, bh) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ (__le32 *)(bh)->b_data, \ EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_ind_check_inode(inode) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, \ EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS) /* * Inodes and files operations */ /* dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern const struct dentry_operations ext4_dentry_ops; #endif /* file.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations; extern loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin); /* inline.c */ extern int ext4_get_max_inline_size(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_init_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int len); extern int ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_readpage_inline(struct inode *inode, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep); extern int ext4_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern struct buffer_head * ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode, unsigned len, struct page *page); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_read_inline_dir(struct file *filp, struct dir_context *ctx, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_find_inline_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, int *has_inline_data); extern bool empty_inline_dir(struct inode *dir, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_inline_block(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *retval); extern int ext4_inline_data_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, int *has_inline, __u64 start, __u64 len); struct iomap; extern int ext4_inline_data_iomap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap); extern int ext4_inline_data_truncate(struct inode *inode, int *has_inline); extern int ext4_convert_inline_data(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_has_inline_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA) && EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off; } /* namei.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations; extern struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child); extern struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len); extern void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize); extern int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_ci_compare(const struct inode *parent, const struct qstr *fname, const struct qstr *entry, bool quick); extern int __ext4_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct inode *inode); extern int __ext4_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); #define S_SHIFT 12 static const unsigned char ext4_type_by_mode[(S_IFMT >> S_SHIFT) + 1] = { [S_IFREG >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_REG_FILE, [S_IFDIR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_DIR, [S_IFCHR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_CHRDEV, [S_IFBLK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_BLKDEV, [S_IFIFO >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_FIFO, [S_IFSOCK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SOCK, [S_IFLNK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SYMLINK, }; static inline void ext4_set_de_type(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, umode_t mode) { if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb)) de->file_type = ext4_type_by_mode[(mode & S_IFMT)>>S_SHIFT]; } /* readpages.c */ extern int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct inode *inode, struct readahead_control *rac, struct page *page); extern int __init ext4_init_post_read_processing(void); extern void ext4_exit_post_read_processing(void); /* symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; /* sysfs.c */ extern int ext4_register_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_unregister_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_sysfs(void); extern void ext4_exit_sysfs(void); /* block_validity */ extern void ext4_release_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_setup_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_system_zone(void); extern void ext4_exit_system_zone(void); extern int ext4_inode_block_valid(struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t start_blk, unsigned int count); extern int ext4_check_blockref(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, __le32 *, unsigned int); /* extents.c */ struct ext4_ext_path; struct ext4_extent; /* * Maximum number of logical blocks in a file; ext4_extent's ee_block is * __le32. */ #define EXT_MAX_BLOCKS 0xffffffff extern void ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents); extern int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *); extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_io_end_vec(handle_t *handle, ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int num, struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *, struct inode *, struct ext4_ext_path **, struct ext4_extent *, int); extern struct ext4_ext_path *ext4_find_extent(struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, struct ext4_ext_path **, int flags); extern void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *); extern int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode); extern ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int mark_unwritten,int *err); extern int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu); extern int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int check_cred, int restart_cred, int revoke_cred); extern void ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t end); extern int ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, int len, int unwritten, ext4_fsblk_t pblk); extern int ext4_ext_clear_bb(struct inode *inode); /* move_extent.c */ extern void ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(struct inode *first, struct inode *second); extern void ext4_double_up_write_data_sem(struct inode *orig_inode, struct inode *donor_inode); extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp, __u64 start_orig, __u64 start_donor, __u64 len, __u64 *moved_len); /* page-io.c */ extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void); extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_get_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_put_io_end_defer(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void ext4_end_io_rsv_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io); extern int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct page *page, int len, struct writeback_control *wbc, bool keep_towrite); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_last_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); /* mmp.c */ extern int ext4_multi_mount_protect(struct super_block *, ext4_fsblk_t); /* mmp.c */ extern void ext4_stop_mmpd(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); /* verity.c */ extern const struct fsverity_operations ext4_verityops; /* * Add new method to test whether block and inode bitmaps are properly * initialized. With uninit_bg reading the block from disk is not enough * to mark the bitmap uptodate. We need to also zero-out the bitmap */ #define BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE BH_JBDPrivateStart static inline int bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { return (buffer_uptodate(bh) && test_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state)); } static inline void set_bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { set_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state); } #define in_range(b, first, len) ((b) >= (first) && (b) <= (first) + (len) - 1) /* For ioend & aio unwritten conversion wait queues */ #define EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ 37 #define ext4_ioend_wq(v) (&ext4__ioend_wq[((unsigned long)(v)) %\ EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]) extern wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]; extern int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb); static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_io_end *io_end) { if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) { io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten); } } static inline void ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { struct inode *inode = io_end->inode; if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) { io_end->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; /* Wake up anyone waiting on unwritten extent conversion */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten)) wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(inode)); } } extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_overwrite_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_report_ops; static inline int ext4_buffer_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { /* * If the buffer has the write error flag, we have failed * to write out data in the block. In this case, we don't * have to read the block because we may read the old data * successfully. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && buffer_write_io_error(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); return buffer_uptodate(bh); } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _EXT4_H */
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3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Simple NUMA memory policy for the Linux kernel. * * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * (C) Copyright 2005 Christoph Lameter, Silicon Graphics, Inc. * * NUMA policy allows the user to give hints in which node(s) memory should * be allocated. * * Support four policies per VMA and per process: * * The VMA policy has priority over the process policy for a page fault. * * interleave Allocate memory interleaved over a set of nodes, * with normal fallback if it fails. * For VMA based allocations this interleaves based on the * offset into the backing object or offset into the mapping * for anonymous memory. For process policy an process counter * is used. * * bind Only allocate memory on a specific set of nodes, * no fallback. * FIXME: memory is allocated starting with the first node * to the last. It would be better if bind would truly restrict * the allocation to memory nodes instead * * preferred Try a specific node first before normal fallback. * As a special case NUMA_NO_NODE here means do the allocation * on the local CPU. This is normally identical to default, * but useful to set in a VMA when you have a non default * process policy. * * default Allocate on the local node first, or when on a VMA * use the process policy. This is what Linux always did * in a NUMA aware kernel and still does by, ahem, default. * * The process policy is applied for most non interrupt memory allocations * in that process' context. Interrupts ignore the policies and always * try to allocate on the local CPU. The VMA policy is only applied for memory * allocations for a VMA in the VM. * * Currently there are a few corner cases in swapping where the policy * is not applied, but the majority should be handled. When process policy * is used it is not remembered over swap outs/swap ins. * * Only the highest zone in the zone hierarchy gets policied. Allocations * requesting a lower zone just use default policy. This implies that * on systems with highmem kernel lowmem allocation don't get policied. * Same with GFP_DMA allocations. * * For shmfs/tmpfs/hugetlbfs shared memory the policy is shared between * all users and remembered even when nobody has memory mapped. */ /* Notebook: fix mmap readahead to honour policy and enable policy for any page cache object statistics for bigpages global policy for page cache? currently it uses process policy. Requires first item above. handle mremap for shared memory (currently ignored for the policy) grows down? make bind policy root only? It can trigger oom much faster and the kernel is not always grateful with that. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagewalk.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" /* Internal flags */ #define MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 0) /* Skip checks for continuous vmas */ #define MPOL_MF_INVERT (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 1) /* Invert check for nodemask */ static struct kmem_cache *policy_cache; static struct kmem_cache *sn_cache; /* Highest zone. An specific allocation for a zone below that is not policied. */ enum zone_type policy_zone = 0; /* * run-time system-wide default policy => local allocation */ static struct mempolicy default_policy = { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), /* never free it */ .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_LOCAL, }; static struct mempolicy preferred_node_policy[MAX_NUMNODES]; /** * numa_map_to_online_node - Find closest online node * @node: Node id to start the search * * Lookup the next closest node by distance if @nid is not online. */ int numa_map_to_online_node(int node) { int min_dist = INT_MAX, dist, n, min_node; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE || node_online(node)) return node; min_node = node; for_each_online_node(n) { dist = node_distance(node, n); if (dist < min_dist) { min_dist = dist; min_node = n; } } return min_node; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(numa_map_to_online_node); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p) { struct mempolicy *pol = p->mempolicy; int node; if (pol) return pol; node = numa_node_id(); if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE) { pol = &preferred_node_policy[node]; /* preferred_node_policy is not initialised early in boot */ if (pol->mode) return pol; } return &default_policy; } static const struct mempolicy_operations { int (*create)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); void (*rebind)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); } mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX]; static inline int mpol_store_user_nodemask(const struct mempolicy *pol) { return pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; } static void mpol_relative_nodemask(nodemask_t *ret, const nodemask_t *orig, const nodemask_t *rel) { nodemask_t tmp; nodes_fold(tmp, *orig, nodes_weight(*rel)); nodes_onto(*ret, tmp, *rel); } static int mpol_new_interleave(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } static int mpol_new_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (!nodes) pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* local allocation */ else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; /* no allowed nodes */ else pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(*nodes); return 0; } static int mpol_new_bind(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } /* * mpol_set_nodemask is called after mpol_new() to set up the nodemask, if * any, for the new policy. mpol_new() has already validated the nodes * parameter with respect to the policy mode and flags. But, we need to * handle an empty nodemask with MPOL_PREFERRED here. * * Must be called holding task's alloc_lock to protect task's mems_allowed * and mempolicy. May also be called holding the mmap_lock for write. */ static int mpol_set_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes, struct nodemask_scratch *nsc) { int ret; /* if mode is MPOL_DEFAULT, pol is NULL. This is right. */ if (pol == NULL) return 0; /* Check N_MEMORY */ nodes_and(nsc->mask1, cpuset_current_mems_allowed, node_states[N_MEMORY]); VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && nodes_empty(*nodes)) nodes = NULL; /* explicit local allocation */ else { if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&nsc->mask2, nodes, &nsc->mask1); else nodes_and(nsc->mask2, *nodes, nsc->mask1); if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) pol->w.user_nodemask = *nodes; else pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; } if (nodes) ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, &nsc->mask2); else ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, NULL); return ret; } /* * This function just creates a new policy, does some check and simple * initialization. You must invoke mpol_set_nodemask() to set nodes. */ static struct mempolicy *mpol_new(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *policy; pr_debug("setting mode %d flags %d nodes[0] %lx\n", mode, flags, nodes ? nodes_addr(*nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) { if (nodes && !nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return NULL; } VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); /* * MPOL_PREFERRED cannot be used with MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES or * MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES if the nodemask is empty (local allocation). * All other modes require a valid pointer to a non-empty nodemask. */ if (mode == MPOL_PREFERRED) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) { if (((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES))) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } } else if (mode == MPOL_LOCAL) { if (!nodes_empty(*nodes) || (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; } else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); policy = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!policy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); atomic_set(&policy->refcnt, 1); policy->mode = mode; policy->flags = flags; return policy; } /* Slow path of a mpol destructor. */ void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) return; kmem_cache_free(policy_cache, p); } static void mpol_rebind_default(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { } static void mpol_rebind_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) nodes_and(tmp, pol->w.user_nodemask, *nodes); else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); else { nodes_remap(tmp, pol->v.nodes,pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } if (nodes_empty(tmp)) tmp = *nodes; pol->v.nodes = tmp; } static void mpol_rebind_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) { int node = first_node(pol->w.user_nodemask); if (node_isset(node, *nodes)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node; pol->flags &= ~MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) { mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(tmp); } else if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node_remap(pol->v.preferred_node, pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } } /* * mpol_rebind_policy - Migrate a policy to a different set of nodes * * Per-vma policies are protected by mmap_lock. Allocations using per-task * policies are protected by task->mems_allowed_seq to prevent a premature * OOM/allocation failure due to parallel nodemask modification. */ static void mpol_rebind_policy(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *newmask) { if (!pol) return; if (!mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol) && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) && nodes_equal(pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *newmask)) return; mpol_ops[pol->mode].rebind(pol, newmask); } /* * Wrapper for mpol_rebind_policy() that just requires task * pointer, and updates task mempolicy. * * Called with task's alloc_lock held. */ void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { mpol_rebind_policy(tsk->mempolicy, new); } /* * Rebind each vma in mm to new nodemask. * * Call holding a reference to mm. Takes mm->mmap_lock during call. */ void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; mmap_write_lock(mm); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) mpol_rebind_policy(vma->vm_policy, new); mmap_write_unlock(mm); } static const struct mempolicy_operations mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = { .rebind = mpol_rebind_default, }, [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = { .create = mpol_new_interleave, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, [MPOL_PREFERRED] = { .create = mpol_new_preferred, .rebind = mpol_rebind_preferred, }, [MPOL_BIND] = { .create = mpol_new_bind, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, }; static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags); struct queue_pages { struct list_head *pagelist; unsigned long flags; nodemask_t *nmask; unsigned long start; unsigned long end; struct vm_area_struct *first; }; /* * Check if the page's nid is in qp->nmask. * * If MPOL_MF_INVERT is set in qp->flags, check if the nid is * in the invert of qp->nmask. */ static inline bool queue_pages_required(struct page *page, struct queue_pages *qp) { int nid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long flags = qp->flags; return node_isset(nid, *qp->nmask) == !(flags & MPOL_MF_INVERT); } /* * queue_pages_pmd() has four possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 2 - THP was split. * -EIO - is migration entry or only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an * existing page was already on a node that does not follow the * policy. */ static int queue_pages_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, spinlock_t *ptl, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) __releases(ptl) { int ret = 0; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags; if (unlikely(is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))) { ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } page = pmd_page(*pmd); if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) { spin_unlock(ptl); __split_huge_pmd(walk->vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); ret = 2; goto out; } if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; flags = qp->flags; /* go to thp migration */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma) || migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) { ret = 1; goto unlock; } } else ret = -EIO; unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); out: return ret; } /* * Scan through pages checking if pages follow certain conditions, * and move them to the pagelist if they do. * * queue_pages_pte_range() has three possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * -EIO - only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an existing page was already * on a node that does not follow the policy. */ static int queue_pages_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; int ret; bool has_unmovable = false; pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); if (ptl) { ret = queue_pages_pmd(pmd, ptl, addr, end, walk); if (ret != 2) return ret; } /* THP was split, fall through to pte walk */ if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd)) return 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(walk->mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); for (; addr != end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) { if (!pte_present(*pte)) continue; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, *pte); if (!page) continue; /* * vm_normal_page() filters out zero pages, but there might * still be PageReserved pages to skip, perhaps in a VDSO. */ if (PageReserved(page)) continue; if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) continue; if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { /* MPOL_MF_STRICT must be specified if we get here */ if (!vma_migratable(vma)) { has_unmovable = true; break; } /* * Do not abort immediately since there may be * temporary off LRU pages in the range. Still * need migrate other LRU pages. */ if (migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) has_unmovable = true; } else break; } pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); cond_resched(); if (has_unmovable) return 1; return addr != end ? -EIO : 0; } static int queue_pages_hugetlb(pte_t *pte, unsigned long hmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { int ret = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = (qp->flags & MPOL_MF_VALID); struct page *page; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t entry; ptl = huge_pte_lock(hstate_vma(walk->vma), walk->mm, pte); entry = huge_ptep_get(pte); if (!pte_present(entry)) goto unlock; page = pte_page(entry); if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; if (flags == MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * STRICT alone means only detecting misplaced page and no * need to further check other vma. */ ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma)) { /* * Must be STRICT with MOVE*, otherwise .test_walk() have * stopped walking current vma. * Detecting misplaced page but allow migrating pages which * have been queued. */ ret = 1; goto unlock; } /* With MPOL_MF_MOVE, we migrate only unshared hugepage. */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || (flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE && page_mapcount(page) == 1)) { if (!isolate_huge_page(page, qp->pagelist) && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) /* * Failed to isolate page but allow migrating pages * which have been queued. */ ret = 1; } unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); #else BUG(); #endif return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * This is used to mark a range of virtual addresses to be inaccessible. * These are later cleared by a NUMA hinting fault. Depending on these * faults, pages may be migrated for better NUMA placement. * * This is assuming that NUMA faults are handled using PROT_NONE. If * an architecture makes a different choice, it will need further * changes to the core. */ unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { int nr_updated; nr_updated = change_protection(vma, addr, end, PAGE_NONE, MM_CP_PROT_NUMA); if (nr_updated) count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_PTE_UPDATES, nr_updated); return nr_updated; } #else static unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static int queue_pages_test_walk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long endvma = vma->vm_end; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; /* range check first */ VM_BUG_ON_VMA((vma->vm_start > start) || (vma->vm_end < end), vma); if (!qp->first) { qp->first = vma; if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && (qp->start < vma->vm_start)) /* hole at head side of range */ return -EFAULT; } if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && ((vma->vm_end < qp->end) && (!vma->vm_next || vma->vm_end < vma->vm_next->vm_start))) /* hole at middle or tail of range */ return -EFAULT; /* * Need check MPOL_MF_STRICT to return -EIO if possible * regardless of vma_migratable */ if (!vma_migratable(vma) && !(flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) return 1; if (endvma > end) endvma = end; if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) { /* Similar to task_numa_work, skip inaccessible VMAs */ if (!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && vma_is_accessible(vma) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) change_prot_numa(vma, start, endvma); return 1; } /* queue pages from current vma */ if (flags & MPOL_MF_VALID) return 0; return 1; } static const struct mm_walk_ops queue_pages_walk_ops = { .hugetlb_entry = queue_pages_hugetlb, .pmd_entry = queue_pages_pte_range, .test_walk = queue_pages_test_walk, }; /* * Walk through page tables and collect pages to be migrated. * * If pages found in a given range are on a set of nodes (determined by * @nodes and @flags,) it's isolated and queued to the pagelist which is * passed via @private. * * queue_pages_range() has three possible return values: * 1 - there is unmovable page, but MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 0 - queue pages successfully or no misplaced page. * errno - i.e. misplaced pages with MPOL_MF_STRICT specified (-EIO) or * memory range specified by nodemask and maxnode points outside * your accessible address space (-EFAULT) */ static int queue_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, nodemask_t *nodes, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *pagelist) { int err; struct queue_pages qp = { .pagelist = pagelist, .flags = flags, .nmask = nodes, .start = start, .end = end, .first = NULL, }; err = walk_page_range(mm, start, end, &queue_pages_walk_ops, &qp); if (!qp.first) /* whole range in hole */ err = -EFAULT; return err; } /* * Apply policy to a single VMA * This must be called with the mmap_lock held for writing. */ static int vma_replace_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *pol) { int err; struct mempolicy *old; struct mempolicy *new; pr_debug("vma %lx-%lx/%lx vm_ops %p vm_file %p set_policy %p\n", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_ops, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->set_policy : NULL); new = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->set_policy) { err = vma->vm_ops->set_policy(vma, new); if (err) goto err_out; } old = vma->vm_policy; vma->vm_policy = new; /* protected by mmap_lock */ mpol_put(old); return 0; err_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* Step 2: apply policy to a range and do splits. */ static int mbind_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *new_pol) { struct vm_area_struct *next; struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct vm_area_struct *vma; int err = 0; pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long vmstart; unsigned long vmend; vma = find_vma(mm, start); VM_BUG_ON(!vma); prev = vma->vm_prev; if (start > vma->vm_start) prev = vma; for (; vma && vma->vm_start < end; prev = vma, vma = next) { next = vma->vm_next; vmstart = max(start, vma->vm_start); vmend = min(end, vma->vm_end); if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff + ((vmstart - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); prev = vma_merge(mm, prev, vmstart, vmend, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, new_pol, vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (prev) { vma = prev; next = vma->vm_next; if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; /* vma_merge() joined vma && vma->next, case 8 */ goto replace; } if (vma->vm_start != vmstart) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmstart, 1); if (err) goto out; } if (vma->vm_end != vmend) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmend, 0); if (err) goto out; } replace: err = vma_replace_policy(vma, new_pol); if (err) goto out; } out: return err; } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long do_set_mempolicy(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *new, *old; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); int ret; if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; new = mpol_new(mode, flags, nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) { ret = PTR_ERR(new); goto out; } ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nodes, scratch); if (ret) { mpol_put(new); goto out; } task_lock(current); old = current->mempolicy; current->mempolicy = new; if (new && new->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) current->il_prev = MAX_NUMNODES-1; task_unlock(current); mpol_put(old); ret = 0; out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return ret; } /* * Return nodemask for policy for get_mempolicy() query * * Called with task's alloc_lock held */ static void get_policy_nodemask(struct mempolicy *p, nodemask_t *nodes) { nodes_clear(*nodes); if (p == &default_policy) return; switch (p->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *nodes = p->v.nodes; break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (!(p->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) node_set(p->v.preferred_node, *nodes); /* else return empty node mask for local allocation */ break; default: BUG(); } } static int lookup_node(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct page *p = NULL; int err; int locked = 1; err = get_user_pages_locked(addr & PAGE_MASK, 1, 0, &p, &locked); if (err > 0) { err = page_to_nid(p); put_page(p); } if (locked) mmap_read_unlock(mm); return err; } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static long do_get_mempolicy(int *policy, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; struct mempolicy *pol = current->mempolicy, *pol_refcount = NULL; if (flags & ~(unsigned long)(MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR|MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED) { if (flags & (MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR)) return -EINVAL; *policy = 0; /* just so it's initialized */ task_lock(current); *nmask = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; task_unlock(current); return 0; } if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Do NOT fall back to task policy if the * vma/shared policy at addr is NULL. We * want to return MPOL_DEFAULT in this case. */ mmap_read_lock(mm); vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, addr+1); if (!vma) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); return -EFAULT; } if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); else pol = vma->vm_policy; } else if (addr) return -EINVAL; if (!pol) pol = &default_policy; /* indicates default behavior */ if (flags & MPOL_F_NODE) { if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Take a refcount on the mpol, lookup_node() * wil drop the mmap_lock, so after calling * lookup_node() only "pol" remains valid, "vma" * is stale. */ pol_refcount = pol; vma = NULL; mpol_get(pol); err = lookup_node(mm, addr); if (err < 0) goto out; *policy = err; } else if (pol == current->mempolicy && pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { *policy = next_node_in(current->il_prev, pol->v.nodes); } else { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { *policy = pol == &default_policy ? MPOL_DEFAULT : pol->mode; /* * Internal mempolicy flags must be masked off before exposing * the policy to userspace. */ *policy |= (pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS); } err = 0; if (nmask) { if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) { *nmask = pol->w.user_nodemask; } else { task_lock(current); get_policy_nodemask(pol, nmask); task_unlock(current); } } out: mpol_cond_put(pol); if (vma) mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (pol_refcount) mpol_put(pol_refcount); return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION /* * page migration, thp tail pages can be passed. */ static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { struct page *head = compound_head(page); /* * Avoid migrating a page that is shared with others. */ if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || page_mapcount(head) == 1) { if (!isolate_lru_page(head)) { list_add_tail(&head->lru, pagelist); mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(head), NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_is_file_lru(head), thp_nr_pages(head)); } else if (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * Non-movable page may reach here. And, there may be * temporary off LRU pages or non-LRU movable pages. * Treat them as unmovable pages since they can't be * isolated, so they can't be moved at the moment. It * should return -EIO for this case too. */ return -EIO; } } return 0; } /* * Migrate pages from one node to a target node. * Returns error or the number of pages not migrated. */ static int migrate_to_node(struct mm_struct *mm, int source, int dest, int flags) { nodemask_t nmask; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); int err = 0; struct migration_target_control mtc = { .nid = dest, .gfp_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_THISNODE, }; nodes_clear(nmask); node_set(source, nmask); /* * This does not "check" the range but isolates all pages that * need migration. Between passing in the full user address * space range and MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, this call can not fail. */ VM_BUG_ON(!(flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL))); queue_pages_range(mm, mm->mmap->vm_start, mm->task_size, &nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, &pagelist); if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, alloc_migration_target, NULL, (unsigned long)&mtc, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_SYSCALL); if (err) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } return err; } /* * Move pages between the two nodesets so as to preserve the physical * layout as much as possible. * * Returns the number of page that could not be moved. */ int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { int busy = 0; int err; nodemask_t tmp; err = migrate_prep(); if (err) return err; mmap_read_lock(mm); /* * Find a 'source' bit set in 'tmp' whose corresponding 'dest' * bit in 'to' is not also set in 'tmp'. Clear the found 'source' * bit in 'tmp', and return that <source, dest> pair for migration. * The pair of nodemasks 'to' and 'from' define the map. * * If no pair of bits is found that way, fallback to picking some * pair of 'source' and 'dest' bits that are not the same. If the * 'source' and 'dest' bits are the same, this represents a node * that will be migrating to itself, so no pages need move. * * If no bits are left in 'tmp', or if all remaining bits left * in 'tmp' correspond to the same bit in 'to', return false * (nothing left to migrate). * * This lets us pick a pair of nodes to migrate between, such that * if possible the dest node is not already occupied by some other * source node, minimizing the risk of overloading the memory on a * node that would happen if we migrated incoming memory to a node * before migrating outgoing memory source that same node. * * A single scan of tmp is sufficient. As we go, we remember the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved (s != d). If we find a pair * that not only moved, but what's better, moved to an empty slot * (d is not set in tmp), then we break out then, with that pair. * Otherwise when we finish scanning from_tmp, we at least have the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved. If we get all the way through * the scan of tmp without finding any node that moved, much less * moved to an empty node, then there is nothing left worth migrating. */ tmp = *from; while (!nodes_empty(tmp)) { int s,d; int source = NUMA_NO_NODE; int dest = 0; for_each_node_mask(s, tmp) { /* * do_migrate_pages() tries to maintain the relative * node relationship of the pages established between * threads and memory areas. * * However if the number of source nodes is not equal to * the number of destination nodes we can not preserve * this node relative relationship. In that case, skip * copying memory from a node that is in the destination * mask. * * Example: [2,3,4] -> [3,4,5] moves everything. * [0-7] - > [3,4,5] moves only 0,1,2,6,7. */ if ((nodes_weight(*from) != nodes_weight(*to)) && (node_isset(s, *to))) continue; d = node_remap(s, *from, *to); if (s == d) continue; source = s; /* Node moved. Memorize */ dest = d; /* dest not in remaining from nodes? */ if (!node_isset(dest, tmp)) break; } if (source == NUMA_NO_NODE) break; node_clear(source, tmp); err = migrate_to_node(mm, source, dest, flags); if (err > 0) busy += err; if (err < 0) break; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (err < 0) return err; return busy; } /* * Allocate a new page for page migration based on vma policy. * Start by assuming the page is mapped by the same vma as contains @start. * Search forward from there, if not. N.B., this assumes that the * list of pages handed to migrate_pages()--which is how we get here-- * is in virtual address order. */ static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long address; vma = find_vma(current->mm, start); while (vma) { address = page_address_in_vma(page, vma); if (address != -EFAULT) break; vma = vma->vm_next; } if (PageHuge(page)) { return alloc_huge_page_vma(page_hstate(compound_head(page)), vma, address); } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { struct page *thp; thp = alloc_hugepage_vma(GFP_TRANSHUGE, vma, address, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER); if (!thp) return NULL; prep_transhuge_page(thp); return thp; } /* * if !vma, alloc_page_vma() will use task or system default policy */ return alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL, vma, address); } #else static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { return -EIO; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { return NULL; } #endif static long do_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned short mode, unsigned short mode_flags, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct mempolicy *new; unsigned long end; int err; int ret; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); if (flags & ~(unsigned long)MPOL_MF_VALID) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) return -EPERM; if (start & ~PAGE_MASK) return -EINVAL; if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) flags &= ~MPOL_MF_STRICT; len = (len + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; end = start + len; if (end < start) return -EINVAL; if (end == start) return 0; new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, nmask); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) new->flags |= MPOL_F_MOF; /* * If we are using the default policy then operation * on discontinuous address spaces is okay after all */ if (!new) flags |= MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK; pr_debug("mbind %lx-%lx mode:%d flags:%d nodes:%lx\n", start, start + len, mode, mode_flags, nmask ? nodes_addr(*nmask)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { err = migrate_prep(); if (err) goto mpol_out; } { NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (scratch) { mmap_write_lock(mm); err = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nmask, scratch); if (err) mmap_write_unlock(mm); } else err = -ENOMEM; NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); } if (err) goto mpol_out; ret = queue_pages_range(mm, start, end, nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_INVERT, &pagelist); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto up_out; } err = mbind_range(mm, start, end, new); if (!err) { int nr_failed = 0; if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY); nr_failed = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, NULL, start, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND); if (nr_failed) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } if ((ret > 0) || (nr_failed && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT))) err = -EIO; } else { up_out: if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } mmap_write_unlock(mm); mpol_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* * User space interface with variable sized bitmaps for nodelists. */ /* Copy a node mask from user space. */ static int get_nodes(nodemask_t *nodes, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { unsigned long k; unsigned long t; unsigned long nlongs; unsigned long endmask; --maxnode; nodes_clear(*nodes); if (maxnode == 0 || !nmask) return 0; if (maxnode > PAGE_SIZE*BITS_PER_BYTE) return -EINVAL; nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(maxnode); if ((maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG) == 0) endmask = ~0UL; else endmask = (1UL << (maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1; /* * When the user specified more nodes than supported just check * if the non supported part is all zero. * * If maxnode have more longs than MAX_NUMNODES, check * the bits in that area first. And then go through to * check the rest bits which equal or bigger than MAX_NUMNODES. * Otherwise, just check bits [MAX_NUMNODES, maxnode). */ if (nlongs > BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)) { for (k = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); k < nlongs; k++) { if (get_user(t, nmask + k)) return -EFAULT; if (k == nlongs - 1) { if (t & endmask) return -EINVAL; } else if (t) return -EINVAL; } nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); endmask = ~0UL; } if (maxnode > MAX_NUMNODES && MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG != 0) { unsigned long valid_mask = endmask; valid_mask &= ~((1UL << (MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1); if (get_user(t, nmask + nlongs - 1)) return -EFAULT; if (t & valid_mask) return -EINVAL; } if (copy_from_user(nodes_addr(*nodes), nmask, nlongs*sizeof(unsigned long))) return -EFAULT; nodes_addr(*nodes)[nlongs-1] &= endmask; return 0; } /* Copy a kernel node mask to user space */ static int copy_nodes_to_user(unsigned long __user *mask, unsigned long maxnode, nodemask_t *nodes) { unsigned long copy = ALIGN(maxnode-1, 64) / 8; unsigned int nbytes = BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_node_ids) * sizeof(long); if (copy > nbytes) { if (copy > PAGE_SIZE) return -EINVAL; if (clear_user((char __user *)mask + nbytes, copy - nbytes)) return -EFAULT; copy = nbytes; } return copy_to_user(mask, nodes_addr(*nodes), copy) ? -EFAULT : 0; } static long kernel_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned long mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned int flags) { nodemask_t nodes; int err; unsigned short mode_flags; start = untagged_addr(start); mode_flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if (mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((mode_flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (mode_flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_mbind(start, len, mode, mode_flags, &nodes, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, len, unsigned long, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned int, flags) { return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nmask, maxnode, flags); } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long kernel_set_mempolicy(int mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { int err; nodemask_t nodes; unsigned short flags; flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if ((unsigned int)mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_set_mempolicy(mode, flags, &nodes); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode) { return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nmask, maxnode); } static int kernel_migrate_pages(pid_t pid, unsigned long maxnode, const unsigned long __user *old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *new_nodes) { struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; struct task_struct *task; nodemask_t task_nodes; int err; nodemask_t *old; nodemask_t *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; old = &scratch->mask1; new = &scratch->mask2; err = get_nodes(old, old_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; err = get_nodes(new, new_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; /* Find the mm_struct */ rcu_read_lock(); task = pid ? find_task_by_vpid(pid) : current; if (!task) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -ESRCH; goto out; } get_task_struct(task); err = -EINVAL; /* * Check if this process has the right to modify the specified process. * Use the regular "ptrace_may_access()" checks. */ if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS)) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } rcu_read_unlock(); task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(task); /* Is the user allowed to access the target nodes? */ if (!nodes_subset(*new, task_nodes) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) { err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); nodes_and(*new, *new, task_nodes); if (nodes_empty(*new)) goto out_put; err = security_task_movememory(task); if (err) goto out_put; mm = get_task_mm(task); put_task_struct(task); if (!mm) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } err = do_migrate_pages(mm, old, new, capable(CAP_SYS_NICE) ? MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL : MPOL_MF_MOVE); mmput(mm); out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return err; out_put: put_task_struct(task); goto out; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, pid_t, pid, unsigned long, maxnode, const unsigned long __user *, old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *, new_nodes) { return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, maxnode, old_nodes, new_nodes); } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static int kernel_get_mempolicy(int __user *policy, unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; int pval; nodemask_t nodes; if (nmask != NULL && maxnode < nr_node_ids) return -EINVAL; addr = untagged_addr(addr); err = do_get_mempolicy(&pval, &nodes, addr, flags); if (err) return err; if (policy && put_user(pval, policy)) return -EFAULT; if (nmask) err = copy_nodes_to_user(nmask, maxnode, &nodes); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, flags) { return kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nmask, maxnode, addr, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, addr, compat_ulong_t, flags) { long err; unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, nr_node_ids); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); err = kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nm, nr_bits+1, addr, flags); if (!err && nmask) { unsigned long copy_size; copy_size = min_t(unsigned long, sizeof(bm), alloc_size); err = copy_from_user(bm, nm, copy_size); /* ensure entire bitmap is zeroed */ err |= clear_user(nmask, ALIGN(maxnode-1, 8) / 8); err |= compat_put_bitmap(nmask, bm, nr_bits); } return err; } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(bm, nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, bm, alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nm, nr_bits+1); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, compat_ulong_t, start, compat_ulong_t, len, compat_ulong_t, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, flags) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; nodemask_t bm; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(bm), nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, nodes_addr(bm), alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nm, nr_bits+1, flags); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, compat_pid_t, pid, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, const compat_ulong_t __user *, old_nodes, const compat_ulong_t __user *, new_nodes) { unsigned long __user *old = NULL; unsigned long __user *new = NULL; nodemask_t tmp_mask; unsigned long nr_bits; unsigned long size; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode - 1, MAX_NUMNODES); size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (old_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), old_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; old = compat_alloc_user_space(new_nodes ? size * 2 : size); if (new_nodes) new = old + size / sizeof(unsigned long); if (copy_to_user(old, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } if (new_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), new_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; if (new == NULL) new = compat_alloc_user_space(size); if (copy_to_user(new, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, nr_bits + 1, old, new); } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP)) return false; /* * DAX device mappings require predictable access latency, so avoid * incurring periodic faults. */ if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && !hugepage_migration_supported(hstate_vma(vma))) return false; /* * Migration allocates pages in the highest zone. If we cannot * do so then migration (at least from node to node) is not * possible. */ if (vma->vm_file && gfp_zone(mapping_gfp_mask(vma->vm_file->f_mapping)) < policy_zone) return false; return true; } struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; if (vma) { if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); } else if (vma->vm_policy) { pol = vma->vm_policy; /* * shmem_alloc_page() passes MPOL_F_SHARED policy with * a pseudo vma whose vma->vm_ops=NULL. Take a reference * count on these policies which will be dropped by * mpol_cond_put() later */ if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) mpol_get(pol); } } return pol; } /* * get_vma_policy(@vma, @addr) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup * * Returns effective policy for a VMA at specified address. * Falls back to current->mempolicy or system default policy, as necessary. * Shared policies [those marked as MPOL_F_SHARED] require an extra reference * count--added by the get_policy() vm_op, as appropriate--to protect against * freeing by another task. It is the caller's responsibility to free the * extra reference for shared policies. */ static struct mempolicy *get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = __get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol; } bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct mempolicy *pol; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { bool ret = false; pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, vma->vm_start); if (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) ret = true; mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } pol = vma->vm_policy; if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF; } static int apply_policy_zone(struct mempolicy *policy, enum zone_type zone) { enum zone_type dynamic_policy_zone = policy_zone; BUG_ON(dynamic_policy_zone == ZONE_MOVABLE); /* * if policy->v.nodes has movable memory only, * we apply policy when gfp_zone(gfp) = ZONE_MOVABLE only. * * policy->v.nodes is intersect with node_states[N_MEMORY]. * so if the following test faile, it implies * policy->v.nodes has movable memory only. */ if (!nodes_intersects(policy->v.nodes, node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY])) dynamic_policy_zone = ZONE_MOVABLE; return zone >= dynamic_policy_zone; } /* * Return a nodemask representing a mempolicy for filtering nodes for * page allocation */ nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy) { /* Lower zones don't get a nodemask applied for MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND) && apply_policy_zone(policy, gfp_zone(gfp)) && cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(&policy->v.nodes)) return &policy->v.nodes; return NULL; } /* Return the node id preferred by the given mempolicy, or the given id */ static int policy_node(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy, int nd) { if (policy->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) nd = policy->v.preferred_node; else { /* * __GFP_THISNODE shouldn't even be used with the bind policy * because we might easily break the expectation to stay on the * requested node and not break the policy. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND && (gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)); } return nd; } /* Do dynamic interleaving for a process */ static unsigned interleave_nodes(struct mempolicy *policy) { unsigned next; struct task_struct *me = current; next = next_node_in(me->il_prev, policy->v.nodes); if (next < MAX_NUMNODES) me->il_prev = next; return next; } /* * Depending on the memory policy provide a node from which to allocate the * next slab entry. */ unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void) { struct mempolicy *policy; int node = numa_mem_id(); if (in_interrupt()) return node; policy = current->mempolicy; if (!policy || policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return node; switch (policy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * handled MPOL_F_LOCAL above */ return policy->v.preferred_node; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return interleave_nodes(policy); case MPOL_BIND: { struct zoneref *z; /* * Follow bind policy behavior and start allocation at the * first node. */ struct zonelist *zonelist; enum zone_type highest_zoneidx = gfp_zone(GFP_KERNEL); zonelist = &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zonelists[ZONELIST_FALLBACK]; z = first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, highest_zoneidx, &policy->v.nodes); return z->zone ? zone_to_nid(z->zone) : node; } default: BUG(); } } /* * Do static interleaving for a VMA with known offset @n. Returns the n'th * node in pol->v.nodes (starting from n=0), wrapping around if n exceeds the * number of present nodes. */ static unsigned offset_il_node(struct mempolicy *pol, unsigned long n) { unsigned nnodes = nodes_weight(pol->v.nodes); unsigned target; int i; int nid; if (!nnodes) return numa_node_id(); target = (unsigned int)n % nnodes; nid = first_node(pol->v.nodes); for (i = 0; i < target; i++) nid = next_node(nid, pol->v.nodes); return nid; } /* Determine a node number for interleave */ static inline unsigned interleave_nid(struct mempolicy *pol, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int shift) { if (vma) { unsigned long off; /* * for small pages, there is no difference between * shift and PAGE_SHIFT, so the bit-shift is safe. * for huge pages, since vm_pgoff is in units of small * pages, we need to shift off the always 0 bits to get * a useful offset. */ BUG_ON(shift < PAGE_SHIFT); off = vma->vm_pgoff >> (shift - PAGE_SHIFT); off += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> shift; return offset_il_node(pol, off); } else return interleave_nodes(pol); } #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS /* * huge_node(@vma, @addr, @gfp_flags, @mpol) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup and interleave policy * @gfp_flags: for requested zone * @mpol: pointer to mempolicy pointer for reference counted mempolicy * @nodemask: pointer to nodemask pointer for MPOL_BIND nodemask * * Returns a nid suitable for a huge page allocation and a pointer * to the struct mempolicy for conditional unref after allocation. * If the effective policy is 'BIND, returns a pointer to the mempolicy's * @nodemask for filtering the zonelist. * * Must be protected by read_mems_allowed_begin() */ int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { int nid; *mpol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); *nodemask = NULL; /* assume !MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE)) { nid = interleave_nid(*mpol, vma, addr, huge_page_shift(hstate_vma(vma))); } else { nid = policy_node(gfp_flags, *mpol, numa_node_id()); if ((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_BIND) *nodemask = &(*mpol)->v.nodes; } return nid; } /* * init_nodemask_of_mempolicy * * If the current task's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'false' * to indicate default policy. Otherwise, extract the policy nodemask * for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy into the argument nodemask, or * initialize the argument nodemask to contain the single node for * 'preferred' or 'local' policy and return 'true' to indicate presence * of non-default mempolicy. * * We don't bother with reference counting the mempolicy [mpol_get/put] * because the current task is examining it's own mempolicy and a task's * mempolicy is only ever changed by the task itself. * * N.B., it is the caller's responsibility to free a returned nodemask. */ bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; int nid; if (!(mask && current->mempolicy)) return false; task_lock(current); mempolicy = current->mempolicy; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (mempolicy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) nid = numa_node_id(); else nid = mempolicy->v.preferred_node; init_nodemask_of_node(mask, nid); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *mask = mempolicy->v.nodes; break; default: BUG(); } task_unlock(current); return true; } #endif /* * mempolicy_nodemask_intersects * * If tsk's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'true' to indicate default * policy. Otherwise, check for intersection between mask and the policy * nodemask for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy. For 'perferred' or 'local' * policy, always return true since it may allocate elsewhere on fallback. * * Takes task_lock(tsk) to prevent freeing of its mempolicy. */ bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; bool ret = true; if (!mask) return ret; task_lock(tsk); mempolicy = tsk->mempolicy; if (!mempolicy) goto out; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * MPOL_PREFERRED and MPOL_F_LOCAL are only preferred nodes to * allocate from, they may fallback to other nodes when oom. * Thus, it's possible for tsk to have allocated memory from * nodes in mask. */ break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: ret = nodes_intersects(mempolicy->v.nodes, *mask); break; default: BUG(); } out: task_unlock(tsk); return ret; } /* Allocate a page in interleaved policy. Own path because it needs to do special accounting. */ static struct page *alloc_page_interleave(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order, unsigned nid) { struct page *page; page = __alloc_pages(gfp, order, nid); /* skip NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT counter update if numa stats is disabled */ if (!static_branch_likely(&vm_numa_stat_key)) return page; if (page && page_to_nid(page) == nid) { preempt_disable(); __inc_numa_state(page_zone(page), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT); preempt_enable(); } return page; } /** * alloc_pages_vma - Allocate a page for a VMA. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation. * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocations, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem/user allocations, * %GFP_FS allocation should not call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * * @order:Order of the GFP allocation. * @vma: Pointer to VMA or NULL if not available. * @addr: Virtual Address of the allocation. Must be inside the VMA. * @node: Which node to prefer for allocation (modulo policy). * @hugepage: for hugepages try only the preferred node if possible * * This function allocates a page from the kernel page pool and applies * a NUMA policy associated with the VMA or the current process. * When VMA is not NULL caller must read-lock the mmap_lock of the * mm_struct of the VMA to prevent it from going away. Should be used for * all allocations for pages that will be mapped into user space. Returns * NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page * alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct page *page; int preferred_nid; nodemask_t *nmask; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { unsigned nid; nid = interleave_nid(pol, vma, addr, PAGE_SHIFT + order); mpol_cond_put(pol); page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, nid); goto out; } if (unlikely(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && hugepage)) { int hpage_node = node; /* * For hugepage allocation and non-interleave policy which * allows the current node (or other explicitly preferred * node) we only try to allocate from the current/preferred * node and don't fall back to other nodes, as the cost of * remote accesses would likely offset THP benefits. * * If the policy is interleave, or does not allow the current * node in its nodemask, we allocate the standard way. */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) hpage_node = pol->v.preferred_node; nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); if (!nmask || node_isset(hpage_node, *nmask)) { mpol_cond_put(pol); /* * First, try to allocate THP only on local node, but * don't reclaim unnecessarily, just compact. */ page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp | __GFP_THISNODE | __GFP_NORETRY, order); /* * If hugepage allocations are configured to always * synchronous compact or the vma has been madvised * to prefer hugepage backing, retry allowing remote * memory with both reclaim and compact as well. */ if (!page && (gfp & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM)) page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp, order); goto out; } } nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); preferred_nid = policy_node(gfp, pol, node); page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, preferred_nid, nmask); mpol_cond_put(pol); out: return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_vma); /** * alloc_pages_current - Allocate pages. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation, * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocation, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem allocation, * %GFP_FS don't call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * @order: Power of two of allocation size in pages. 0 is a single page. * * Allocate a page from the kernel page pool. When not in * interrupt context and apply the current process NUMA policy. * Returns NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order) { struct mempolicy *pol = &default_policy; struct page *page; if (!in_interrupt() && !(gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)) pol = get_task_policy(current); /* * No reference counting needed for current->mempolicy * nor system default_policy */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, interleave_nodes(pol)); else page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, policy_node(gfp, pol, numa_node_id()), policy_nodemask(gfp, pol)); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_current); int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { struct mempolicy *pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(src)); if (IS_ERR(pol)) return PTR_ERR(pol); dst->vm_policy = pol; return 0; } /* * If mpol_dup() sees current->cpuset == cpuset_being_rebound, then it * rebinds the mempolicy its copying by calling mpol_rebind_policy() * with the mems_allowed returned by cpuset_mems_allowed(). This * keeps mempolicies cpuset relative after its cpuset moves. See * further kernel/cpuset.c update_nodemask(). * * current's mempolicy may be rebinded by the other task(the task that changes * cpuset's mems), so we needn't do rebind work for current task. */ /* Slow path of a mempolicy duplicate */ struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *old) { struct mempolicy *new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* task's mempolicy is protected by alloc_lock */ if (old == current->mempolicy) { task_lock(current); *new = *old; task_unlock(current); } else *new = *old; if (current_cpuset_is_being_rebound()) { nodemask_t mems = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); mpol_rebind_policy(new, &mems); } atomic_set(&new->refcnt, 1); return new; } /* Slow path of a mempolicy comparison */ bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (!a || !b) return false; if (a->mode != b->mode) return false; if (a->flags != b->flags) return false; if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(a)) if (!nodes_equal(a->w.user_nodemask, b->w.user_nodemask)) return false; switch (a->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return !!nodes_equal(a->v.nodes, b->v.nodes); case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* a's ->flags is the same as b's */ if (a->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return true; return a->v.preferred_node == b->v.preferred_node; default: BUG(); return false; } } /* * Shared memory backing store policy support. * * Remember policies even when nobody has shared memory mapped. * The policies are kept in Red-Black tree linked from the inode. * They are protected by the sp->lock rwlock, which should be held * for any accesses to the tree. */ /* * lookup first element intersecting start-end. Caller holds sp->lock for * reading or for writing */ static struct sp_node * sp_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct rb_node *n = sp->root.rb_node; while (n) { struct sp_node *p = rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); if (start >= p->end) n = n->rb_right; else if (end <= p->start) n = n->rb_left; else break; } if (!n) return NULL; for (;;) { struct sp_node *w = NULL; struct rb_node *prev = rb_prev(n); if (!prev) break; w = rb_entry(prev, struct sp_node, nd); if (w->end <= start) break; n = prev; } return rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); } /* * Insert a new shared policy into the list. Caller holds sp->lock for * writing. */ static void sp_insert(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *new) { struct rb_node **p = &sp->root.rb_node; struct rb_node *parent = NULL; struct sp_node *nd; while (*p) { parent = *p; nd = rb_entry(parent, struct sp_node, nd); if (new->start < nd->start) p = &(*p)->rb_left; else if (new->end > nd->end) p = &(*p)->rb_right; else BUG(); } rb_link_node(&new->nd, parent, p); rb_insert_color(&new->nd, &sp->root); pr_debug("inserting %lx-%lx: %d\n", new->start, new->end, new->policy ? new->policy->mode : 0); } /* Find shared policy intersecting idx */ struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; struct sp_node *sn; if (!sp->root.rb_node) return NULL; read_lock(&sp->lock); sn = sp_lookup(sp, idx, idx+1); if (sn) { mpol_get(sn->policy); pol = sn->policy; } read_unlock(&sp->lock); return pol; } static void sp_free(struct sp_node *n) { mpol_put(n->policy); kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); } /** * mpol_misplaced - check whether current page node is valid in policy * * @page: page to be checked * @vma: vm area where page mapped * @addr: virtual address where page mapped * * Lookup current policy node id for vma,addr and "compare to" page's * node id. * * Returns: * -1 - not misplaced, page is in the right node * node - node id where the page should be * * Policy determination "mimics" alloc_page_vma(). * Called from fault path where we know the vma and faulting address. */ int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct zoneref *z; int curnid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long pgoff; int thiscpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); int thisnid = cpu_to_node(thiscpu); int polnid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int ret = -1; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) goto out; switch (pol->mode) { case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff; pgoff += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; polnid = offset_il_node(pol, pgoff); break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) polnid = numa_node_id(); else polnid = pol->v.preferred_node; break; case MPOL_BIND: /* * allows binding to multiple nodes. * use current page if in policy nodemask, * else select nearest allowed node, if any. * If no allowed nodes, use current [!misplaced]. */ if (node_isset(curnid, pol->v.nodes)) goto out; z = first_zones_zonelist( node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), GFP_HIGHUSER), gfp_zone(GFP_HIGHUSER), &pol->v.nodes); polnid = zone_to_nid(z->zone); break; default: BUG(); } /* Migrate the page towards the node whose CPU is referencing it */ if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON) { polnid = thisnid; if (!should_numa_migrate_memory(current, page, curnid, thiscpu)) goto out; } if (curnid != polnid) ret = polnid; out: mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } /* * Drop the (possibly final) reference to task->mempolicy. It needs to be * dropped after task->mempolicy is set to NULL so that any allocation done as * part of its kmem_cache_free(), such as by KASAN, doesn't reference a freed * policy. */ void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { struct mempolicy *pol; task_lock(task); pol = task->mempolicy; task->mempolicy = NULL; task_unlock(task); mpol_put(pol); } static void sp_delete(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *n) { pr_debug("deleting %lx-l%lx\n", n->start, n->end); rb_erase(&n->nd, &sp->root); sp_free(n); } static void sp_node_init(struct sp_node *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { node->start = start; node->end = end; node->policy = pol; } static struct sp_node *sp_alloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { struct sp_node *n; struct mempolicy *newpol; n = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n) return NULL; newpol = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(newpol)) { kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); return NULL; } newpol->flags |= MPOL_F_SHARED; sp_node_init(n, start, end, newpol); return n; } /* Replace a policy range. */ static int shared_policy_replace(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct sp_node *new) { struct sp_node *n; struct sp_node *n_new = NULL; struct mempolicy *mpol_new = NULL; int ret = 0; restart: write_lock(&sp->lock); n = sp_lookup(sp, start, end); /* Take care of old policies in the same range. */ while (n && n->start < end) { struct rb_node *next = rb_next(&n->nd); if (n->start >= start) { if (n->end <= end) sp_delete(sp, n); else n->start = end; } else { /* Old policy spanning whole new range. */ if (n->end > end) { if (!n_new) goto alloc_new; *mpol_new = *n->policy; atomic_set(&mpol_new->refcnt, 1); sp_node_init(n_new, end, n->end, mpol_new); n->end = start; sp_insert(sp, n_new); n_new = NULL; mpol_new = NULL; break; } else n->end = start; } if (!next) break; n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); } if (new) sp_insert(sp, new); write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = 0; err_out: if (mpol_new) mpol_put(mpol_new); if (n_new) kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n_new); return ret; alloc_new: write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = -ENOMEM; n_new = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n_new) goto err_out; mpol_new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpol_new) goto err_out; goto restart; } /** * mpol_shared_policy_init - initialize shared policy for inode * @sp: pointer to inode shared policy * @mpol: struct mempolicy to install * * Install non-NULL @mpol in inode's shared policy rb-tree. * On entry, the current task has a reference on a non-NULL @mpol. * This must be released on exit. * This is called at get_inode() calls and we can use GFP_KERNEL. */ void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { int ret; sp->root = RB_ROOT; /* empty tree == default mempolicy */ rwlock_init(&sp->lock); if (mpol) { struct vm_area_struct pvma; struct mempolicy *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) goto put_mpol; /* contextualize the tmpfs mount point mempolicy */ new = mpol_new(mpol->mode, mpol->flags, &mpol->w.user_nodemask); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto free_scratch; /* no valid nodemask intersection */ task_lock(current); ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, &mpol->w.user_nodemask, scratch); task_unlock(current); if (ret) goto put_new; /* Create pseudo-vma that contains just the policy */ vma_init(&pvma, NULL); pvma.vm_end = TASK_SIZE; /* policy covers entire file */ mpol_set_shared_policy(sp, &pvma, new); /* adds ref */ put_new: mpol_put(new); /* drop initial ref */ free_scratch: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); put_mpol: mpol_put(mpol); /* drop our incoming ref on sb mpol */ } } int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *npol) { int err; struct sp_node *new = NULL; unsigned long sz = vma_pages(vma); pr_debug("set_shared_policy %lx sz %lu %d %d %lx\n", vma->vm_pgoff, sz, npol ? npol->mode : -1, npol ? npol->flags : -1, npol ? nodes_addr(npol->v.nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (npol) { new = sp_alloc(vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff + sz, npol); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; } err = shared_policy_replace(info, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff+sz, new); if (err && new) sp_free(new); return err; } /* Free a backing policy store on inode delete. */ void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { struct sp_node *n; struct rb_node *next; if (!p->root.rb_node) return; write_lock(&p->lock); next = rb_first(&p->root); while (next) { n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); next = rb_next(&n->nd); sp_delete(p, n); } write_unlock(&p->lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static int __initdata numabalancing_override; static void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { bool numabalancing_default = false; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING_DEFAULT_ENABLED)) numabalancing_default = true; /* Parsed by setup_numabalancing. override == 1 enables, -1 disables */ if (numabalancing_override) set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_override == 1); if (num_online_nodes() > 1 && !numabalancing_override) { pr_info("%s automatic NUMA balancing. Configure with numa_balancing= or the kernel.numa_balancing sysctl\n", numabalancing_default ? "Enabling" : "Disabling"); set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_default); } } static int __init setup_numabalancing(char *str) { int ret = 0; if (!str) goto out; if (!strcmp(str, "enable")) { numabalancing_override = 1; ret = 1; } else if (!strcmp(str, "disable")) { numabalancing_override = -1; ret = 1; } out: if (!ret) pr_warn("Unable to parse numa_balancing=\n"); return ret; } __setup("numa_balancing=", setup_numabalancing); #else static inline void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ /* assumes fs == KERNEL_DS */ void __init numa_policy_init(void) { nodemask_t interleave_nodes; unsigned long largest = 0; int nid, prefer = 0; policy_cache = kmem_cache_create("numa_policy", sizeof(struct mempolicy), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); sn_cache = kmem_cache_create("shared_policy_node", sizeof(struct sp_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); for_each_node(nid) { preferred_node_policy[nid] = (struct mempolicy) { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_MOF | MPOL_F_MORON, .v = { .preferred_node = nid, }, }; } /* * Set interleaving policy for system init. Interleaving is only * enabled across suitably sized nodes (default is >= 16MB), or * fall back to the largest node if they're all smaller. */ nodes_clear(interleave_nodes); for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) { unsigned long total_pages = node_present_pages(nid); /* Preserve the largest node */ if (largest < total_pages) { largest = total_pages; prefer = nid; } /* Interleave this node? */ if ((total_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) >= (16 << 20)) node_set(nid, interleave_nodes); } /* All too small, use the largest */ if (unlikely(nodes_empty(interleave_nodes))) node_set(prefer, interleave_nodes); if (do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_INTERLEAVE, 0, &interleave_nodes)) pr_err("%s: interleaving failed\n", __func__); check_numabalancing_enable(); } /* Reset policy of current process to default */ void numa_default_policy(void) { do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_DEFAULT, 0, NULL); } /* * Parse and format mempolicy from/to strings */ /* * "local" is implemented internally by MPOL_PREFERRED with MPOL_F_LOCAL flag. */ static const char * const policy_modes[] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = "default", [MPOL_PREFERRED] = "prefer", [MPOL_BIND] = "bind", [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = "interleave", [MPOL_LOCAL] = "local", }; #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS /** * mpol_parse_str - parse string to mempolicy, for tmpfs mpol mount option. * @str: string containing mempolicy to parse * @mpol: pointer to struct mempolicy pointer, returned on success. * * Format of input: * <mode>[=<flags>][:<nodelist>] * * On success, returns 0, else 1 */ int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { struct mempolicy *new = NULL; unsigned short mode_flags; nodemask_t nodes; char *nodelist = strchr(str, ':'); char *flags = strchr(str, '='); int err = 1, mode; if (flags) *flags++ = '\0'; /* terminate mode string */ if (nodelist) { /* NUL-terminate mode or flags string */ *nodelist++ = '\0'; if (nodelist_parse(nodelist, nodes)) goto out; if (!nodes_subset(nodes, node_states[N_MEMORY])) goto out; } else nodes_clear(nodes); mode = match_string(policy_modes, MPOL_MAX, str); if (mode < 0) goto out; switch (mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * Insist on a nodelist of one node only, although later * we use first_node(nodes) to grab a single node, so here * nodelist (or nodes) cannot be empty. */ if (nodelist) { char *rest = nodelist; while (isdigit(*rest)) rest++; if (*rest) goto out; if (nodes_empty(nodes)) goto out; } break; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: /* * Default to online nodes with memory if no nodelist */ if (!nodelist) nodes = node_states[N_MEMORY]; break; case MPOL_LOCAL: /* * Don't allow a nodelist; mpol_new() checks flags */ if (nodelist) goto out; mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; break; case MPOL_DEFAULT: /* * Insist on a empty nodelist */ if (!nodelist) err = 0; goto out; case MPOL_BIND: /* * Insist on a nodelist */ if (!nodelist) goto out; } mode_flags = 0; if (flags) { /* * Currently, we only support two mutually exclusive * mode flags. */ if (!strcmp(flags, "static")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES; else if (!strcmp(flags, "relative")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES; else goto out; } new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, &nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto out; /* * Save nodes for mpol_to_str() to show the tmpfs mount options * for /proc/mounts, /proc/pid/mounts and /proc/pid/mountinfo. */ if (mode != MPOL_PREFERRED) new->v.nodes = nodes; else if (nodelist) new->v.preferred_node = first_node(nodes); else new->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* * Save nodes for contextualization: this will be used to "clone" * the mempolicy in a specific context [cpuset] at a later time. */ new->w.user_nodemask = nodes; err = 0; out: /* Restore string for error message */ if (nodelist) *--nodelist = ':'; if (flags) *--flags = '='; if (!err) *mpol = new; return err; } #endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */ /** * mpol_to_str - format a mempolicy structure for printing * @buffer: to contain formatted mempolicy string * @maxlen: length of @buffer * @pol: pointer to mempolicy to be formatted * * Convert @pol into a string. If @buffer is too short, truncate the string. * Recommend a @maxlen of at least 32 for the longest mode, "interleave", the * longest flag, "relative", and to display at least a few node ids. */ void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol) { char *p = buffer; nodemask_t nodes = NODE_MASK_NONE; unsigned short mode = MPOL_DEFAULT; unsigned short flags = 0; if (pol && pol != &default_policy && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON)) { mode = pol->mode; flags = pol->flags; } switch (mode) { case MPOL_DEFAULT: break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) mode = MPOL_LOCAL; else node_set(pol->v.preferred_node, nodes); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: nodes = pol->v.nodes; break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); snprintf(p, maxlen, "unknown"); return; } p += snprintf(p, maxlen, "%s", policy_modes[mode]); if (flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS) { p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "="); /* * Currently, the only defined flags are mutually exclusive */ if (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "static"); else if (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "relative"); } if (!nodes_empty(nodes)) p += scnprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, ":%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&nodes)); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NDISC_H #define _NDISC_H #include <net/ipv6_stubs.h> /* * ICMP codes for neighbour discovery messages */ #define NDISC_ROUTER_SOLICITATION 133 #define NDISC_ROUTER_ADVERTISEMENT 134 #define NDISC_NEIGHBOUR_SOLICITATION 135 #define NDISC_NEIGHBOUR_ADVERTISEMENT 136 #define NDISC_REDIRECT 137 /* * Router type: cross-layer information from link-layer to * IPv6 layer reported by certain link types (e.g., RFC4214). */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_UNSPEC 0 /* unspecified (default) */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_HOST 1 /* host or unauthorized router */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_NODEFAULT 2 /* non-default router */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_DEFAULT 3 /* default router */ /* * ndisc options */ enum { __ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO_END = 0, ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR = 1, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR = 2, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO = 3, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_REDIRECT_HDR = 4, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_MTU = 5, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_NONCE = 14, /* RFC7527 */ __ND_OPT_ARRAY_MAX, ND_OPT_ROUTE_INFO = 24, /* RFC4191 */ ND_OPT_RDNSS = 25, /* RFC5006 */ ND_OPT_DNSSL = 31, /* RFC6106 */ ND_OPT_6CO = 34, /* RFC6775 */ ND_OPT_CAPTIVE_PORTAL = 37, /* RFC7710 */ ND_OPT_PREF64 = 38, /* RFC8781 */ __ND_OPT_MAX }; #define MAX_RTR_SOLICITATION_DELAY HZ #define ND_REACHABLE_TIME (30*HZ) #define ND_RETRANS_TIMER HZ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/icmpv6.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> /* Set to 3 to get tracing... */ #define ND_DEBUG 1 #define ND_PRINTK(val, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ if (val <= ND_DEBUG) \ net_##level##_ratelimited(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) struct ctl_table; struct inet6_dev; struct net_device; struct net_proto_family; struct sk_buff; struct prefix_info; extern struct neigh_table nd_tbl; struct nd_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; struct in6_addr target; __u8 opt[]; }; struct rs_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; __u8 opt[]; }; struct ra_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; __be32 reachable_time; __be32 retrans_timer; }; struct rd_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; struct in6_addr target; struct in6_addr dest; __u8 opt[]; }; struct nd_opt_hdr { __u8 nd_opt_type; __u8 nd_opt_len; } __packed; /* ND options */ struct ndisc_options { struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt_array[__ND_OPT_ARRAY_MAX]; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_ROUTE_INFO struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opts_ri; struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opts_ri_end; #endif struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_useropts; struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_useropts_end; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR + 1]; #endif }; #define nd_opts_src_lladdr nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR] #define nd_opts_tgt_lladdr nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR] #define nd_opts_pi nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO] #define nd_opts_pi_end nd_opt_array[__ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO_END] #define nd_opts_rh nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_REDIRECT_HDR] #define nd_opts_mtu nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_MTU] #define nd_opts_nonce nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_NONCE] #define nd_802154_opts_src_lladdr nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR] #define nd_802154_opts_tgt_lladdr nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR] #define NDISC_OPT_SPACE(len) (((len)+2+7)&~7) struct ndisc_options *ndisc_parse_options(const struct net_device *dev, u8 *opt, int opt_len, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); void __ndisc_fill_addr_option(struct sk_buff *skb, int type, void *data, int data_len, int pad); #define NDISC_OPS_REDIRECT_DATA_SPACE 2 /* * This structure defines the hooks for IPv6 neighbour discovery. * The following hooks can be defined; unless noted otherwise, they are * optional and can be filled with a null pointer. * * int (*is_useropt)(u8 nd_opt_type): * This function is called when IPv6 decide RA userspace options. if * this function returns 1 then the option given by nd_opt_type will * be handled as userspace option additional to the IPv6 options. * * int (*parse_options)(const struct net_device *dev, * struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, * struct ndisc_options *ndopts): * This function is called while parsing ndisc ops and put each position * as pointer into ndopts. If this function return unequal 0, then this * function took care about the ndisc option, if 0 then the IPv6 ndisc * option parser will take care about that option. * * void (*update)(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, * u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, * const struct ndisc_options *ndopts): * This function is called when IPv6 ndisc updates the neighbour cache * entry. Additional options which can be updated may be previously * parsed by parse_opts callback and accessible over ndopts parameter. * * int (*opt_addr_space)(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type, * struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, * u8 **ha): * This function is called when the necessary option space will be * calculated before allocating a skb. The parameters neigh, ha_buf * abd ha are available on NDISC_REDIRECT messages only. * * void (*fill_addr_option)(const struct net_device *dev, * struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type, * const u8 *ha): * This function is called when the skb will finally fill the option * fields inside skb. NOTE: this callback should fill the option * fields to the skb which are previously indicated by opt_space * parameter. That means the decision to add such option should * not lost between these two callbacks, e.g. protected by interface * up state. * * void (*prefix_rcv_add_addr)(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, * const struct prefix_info *pinfo, * struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, * struct in6_addr *addr, * int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, * bool sllao, bool tokenized, * __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, * bool dev_addr_generated): * This function is called when a RA messages is received with valid * PIO option fields and an IPv6 address will be added to the interface * for autoconfiguration. The parameter dev_addr_generated reports about * if the address was based on dev->dev_addr or not. This can be used * to add a second address if link-layer operates with two link layer * addresses. E.g. 802.15.4 6LoWPAN. */ struct ndisc_ops { int (*is_useropt)(u8 nd_opt_type); int (*parse_options)(const struct net_device *dev, struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); void (*update)(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, const struct ndisc_options *ndopts); int (*opt_addr_space)(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, u8 **ha); void (*fill_addr_option)(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type, const u8 *ha); void (*prefix_rcv_add_addr)(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct prefix_info *pinfo, struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, struct in6_addr *addr, int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, bool sllao, bool tokenized, __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, bool dev_addr_generated); }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ndisc_ops_is_useropt(const struct net_device *dev, u8 nd_opt_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->is_useropt) return dev->ndisc_ops->is_useropt(nd_opt_type); else return 0; } static inline int ndisc_ops_parse_options(const struct net_device *dev, struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, struct ndisc_options *ndopts) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->parse_options) return dev->ndisc_ops->parse_options(dev, nd_opt, ndopts); else return 0; } static inline void ndisc_ops_update(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, const struct ndisc_options *ndopts) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->update) dev->ndisc_ops->update(dev, n, flags, icmp6_type, ndopts); } static inline int ndisc_ops_opt_addr_space(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space && icmp6_type != NDISC_REDIRECT) return dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space(dev, icmp6_type, NULL, NULL, NULL); else return 0; } static inline int ndisc_ops_redirect_opt_addr_space(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, u8 **ha) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space) return dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space(dev, NDISC_REDIRECT, neigh, ha_buf, ha); else return 0; } static inline void ndisc_ops_fill_addr_option(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option && icmp6_type != NDISC_REDIRECT) dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option(dev, skb, icmp6_type, NULL); } static inline void ndisc_ops_fill_redirect_addr_option(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, const u8 *ha) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option) dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option(dev, skb, NDISC_REDIRECT, ha); } static inline void ndisc_ops_prefix_rcv_add_addr(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct prefix_info *pinfo, struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, struct in6_addr *addr, int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, bool sllao, bool tokenized, __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, bool dev_addr_generated) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->prefix_rcv_add_addr) dev->ndisc_ops->prefix_rcv_add_addr(net, dev, pinfo, in6_dev, addr, addr_type, addr_flags, sllao, tokenized, valid_lft, prefered_lft, dev_addr_generated); } #endif /* * Return the padding between the option length and the start of the * link addr. Currently only IP-over-InfiniBand needs this, although * if RFC 3831 IPv6-over-Fibre Channel is ever implemented it may * also need a pad of 2. */ static inline int ndisc_addr_option_pad(unsigned short type) { switch (type) { case ARPHRD_INFINIBAND: return 2; default: return 0; } } static inline int __ndisc_opt_addr_space(unsigned char addr_len, int pad) { return NDISC_OPT_SPACE(addr_len + pad); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ndisc_opt_addr_space(struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_space(dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)) + ndisc_ops_opt_addr_space(dev, icmp6_type); } static inline int ndisc_redirect_opt_addr_space(struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ops_data_buf, u8 **ops_data) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_space(dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)) + ndisc_ops_redirect_opt_addr_space(dev, neigh, ops_data_buf, ops_data); } #endif static inline u8 *__ndisc_opt_addr_data(struct nd_opt_hdr *p, unsigned char addr_len, int prepad) { u8 *lladdr = (u8 *)(p + 1); int lladdrlen = p->nd_opt_len << 3; if (lladdrlen != __ndisc_opt_addr_space(addr_len, prepad)) return NULL; return lladdr + prepad; } static inline u8 *ndisc_opt_addr_data(struct nd_opt_hdr *p, struct net_device *dev) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_data(p, dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)); } static inline u32 ndisc_hashfn(const void *pkey, const struct net_device *dev, __u32 *hash_rnd) { const u32 *p32 = pkey; return (((p32[0] ^ hash32_ptr(dev)) * hash_rnd[0]) + (p32[1] * hash_rnd[1]) + (p32[2] * hash_rnd[2]) + (p32[3] * hash_rnd[3])); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { return ___neigh_lookup_noref(&nd_tbl, neigh_key_eq128, ndisc_hashfn, pkey, dev); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { return ___neigh_lookup_noref(ipv6_stub->nd_tbl, neigh_key_eq128, ndisc_hashfn, pkey, dev); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, pkey); if (n && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&n->refcnt)) n = NULL; rcu_read_unlock_bh(); return n; } static inline void __ipv6_confirm_neigh(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, pkey); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } static inline void __ipv6_confirm_neigh_stub(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(dev, pkey); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } /* uses ipv6_stub and is meant for use outside of IPv6 core */ static inline struct neighbour *ip_neigh_gw6(struct net_device *dev, const void *addr) { struct neighbour *neigh; neigh = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(dev, addr); if (unlikely(!neigh)) neigh = __neigh_create(ipv6_stub->nd_tbl, addr, dev, false); return neigh; } int ndisc_init(void); int ndisc_late_init(void); void ndisc_late_cleanup(void); void ndisc_cleanup(void); int ndisc_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); void ndisc_send_ns(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *solicit, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr, u64 nonce); void ndisc_send_rs(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr); void ndisc_send_na(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *solicited_addr, bool router, bool solicited, bool override, bool inc_opt); void ndisc_send_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct in6_addr *target); int ndisc_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf, struct net_device *dev, int dir); void ndisc_update(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, const u8 *lladdr, u8 new, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); /* * IGMP */ int igmp6_init(void); int igmp6_late_init(void); void igmp6_cleanup(void); void igmp6_late_cleanup(void); int igmp6_event_query(struct sk_buff *skb); int igmp6_event_report(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int ndisc_ifinfo_sysctl_change(struct ctl_table *ctl, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int ndisc_ifinfo_sysctl_strategy(struct ctl_table *ctl, void __user *oldval, size_t __user *oldlenp, void __user *newval, size_t newlen); #endif void inet6_ifinfo_notify(int event, struct inet6_dev *idev); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H /* * task->stack (kernel stack) handling interfaces: */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * When accessing the stack of a non-current task that might exit, use * try_get_task_stack() instead. task_stack_page will return a pointer * that could get freed out from under you. */ static inline void *task_stack_page(const struct task_struct *task) { return task->stack; } #define setup_thread_stack(new,old) do { } while(0) static inline unsigned long *end_of_stack(const struct task_struct *task) { return task->stack; } #elif !defined(__HAVE_THREAD_FUNCTIONS) #define task_stack_page(task) ((void *)(task)->stack) static inline void setup_thread_stack(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *org) { *task_thread_info(p) = *task_thread_info(org); task_thread_info(p)->task = p; } /* * Return the address of the last usable long on the stack. * * When the stack grows down, this is just above the thread * info struct. Going any lower will corrupt the threadinfo. * * When the stack grows up, this is the highest address. * Beyond that position, we corrupt data on the next page. */ static inline unsigned long *end_of_stack(struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long *)((unsigned long)task_thread_info(p) + THREAD_SIZE) - 1; #else return (unsigned long *)(task_thread_info(p) + 1); #endif } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK static inline void *try_get_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&tsk->stack_refcount) ? task_stack_page(tsk) : NULL; } extern void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void *try_get_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_stack_page(tsk); } static inline void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) {} #endif #define task_stack_end_corrupted(task) \ (*(end_of_stack(task)) != STACK_END_MAGIC) static inline int object_is_on_stack(const void *obj) { void *stack = task_stack_page(current); return (obj >= stack) && (obj < (stack + THREAD_SIZE)); } extern void thread_stack_cache_init(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE static inline unsigned long stack_not_used(struct task_struct *p) { unsigned long *n = end_of_stack(p); do { /* Skip over canary */ # ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP n--; # else n++; # endif } while (!*n); # ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long)end_of_stack(p) - (unsigned long)n; # else return (unsigned long)n - (unsigned long)end_of_stack(p); # endif } #endif extern void set_task_stack_end_magic(struct task_struct *tsk); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_KSTACK_END static inline int kstack_end(void *addr) { /* Reliable end of stack detection: * Some APM bios versions misalign the stack */ return !(((unsigned long)addr+sizeof(void*)-1) & (THREAD_SIZE-sizeof(void*))); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 #ifndef _LINUX_HASH_H #define _LINUX_HASH_H /* Fast hashing routine for ints, longs and pointers. (C) 2002 Nadia Yvette Chambers, IBM */ #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The "GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME" is used in ifs/btrfs/brtfs_inode.h and * fs/inode.c. It's not actually prime any more (the previous primes * were actively bad for hashing), but the name remains. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_32 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_32(val, bits) #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_64(val, bits) #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_64 #else #error Wordsize not 32 or 64 #endif /* * This hash multiplies the input by a large odd number and takes the * high bits. Since multiplication propagates changes to the most * significant end only, it is essential that the high bits of the * product be used for the hash value. * * Chuck Lever verified the effectiveness of this technique: * http://www.citi.umich.edu/techreports/reports/citi-tr-00-1.pdf * * Although a random odd number will do, it turns out that the golden * ratio phi = (sqrt(5)-1)/2, or its negative, has particularly nice * properties. (See Knuth vol 3, section 6.4, exercise 9.) * * These are the negative, (1 - phi) = phi**2 = (3 - sqrt(5))/2, * which is very slightly easier to multiply by and makes no * difference to the hash distribution. */ #define GOLDEN_RATIO_32 0x61C88647 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_64 0x61C8864680B583EBull #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HASH /* This header may use the GOLDEN_RATIO_xx constants */ #include <asm/hash.h> #endif /* * The _generic versions exist only so lib/test_hash.c can compare * the arch-optimized versions with the generic. * * Note that if you change these, any <asm/hash.h> that aren't updated * to match need to have their HAVE_ARCH_* define values updated so the * self-test will not false-positive. */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH__HASH_32 #define __hash_32 __hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 __hash_32_generic(u32 val) { return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_32; } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_32 #define hash_32 hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 hash_32_generic(u32 val, unsigned int bits) { /* High bits are more random, so use them. */ return __hash_32(val) >> (32 - bits); } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_64 #define hash_64 hash_64_generic #endif static __always_inline u32 hash_64_generic(u64 val, unsigned int bits) { #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* 64x64-bit multiply is efficient on all 64-bit processors */ return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_64 >> (64 - bits); #else /* Hash 64 bits using only 32x32-bit multiply. */ return hash_32((u32)val ^ __hash_32(val >> 32), bits); #endif } static inline u32 hash_ptr(const void *ptr, unsigned int bits) { return hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, bits); } /* This really should be called fold32_ptr; it does no hashing to speak of. */ static inline u32 hash32_ptr(const void *ptr) { unsigned long val = (unsigned long)ptr; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 val ^= (val >> 32); #endif return (u32)val; } #endif /* _LINUX_HASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H #define _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H /* * IOMMU interface. See Documentation/core-api/dma-api-howto.rst and * Documentation/core-api/dma-api.rst for documentation. */ #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/swiotlb.h> extern int iommu_merge; extern int panic_on_overflow; extern const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_arch_dma_ops(struct bus_type *bus) { return dma_ops; } #endif
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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; unsigned int value = 1; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, &value, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * pm_runtime.h - Device run-time power management helper functions. * * Copyright (C) 2009 Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> */ #ifndef _LINUX_PM_RUNTIME_H #define _LINUX_PM_RUNTIME_H #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> /* Runtime PM flag argument bits */ #define RPM_ASYNC 0x01 /* Request is asynchronous */ #define RPM_NOWAIT 0x02 /* Don't wait for concurrent state change */ #define RPM_GET_PUT 0x04 /* Increment/decrement the usage_count */ #define RPM_AUTO 0x08 /* Use autosuspend_delay */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern struct workqueue_struct *pm_wq; static inline bool queue_pm_work(struct work_struct *work) { return queue_work(pm_wq, work); } extern int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev); extern int pm_runtime_force_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int pm_runtime_force_resume(struct device *dev); extern int __pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int __pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int __pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int pm_runtime_get_if_active(struct device *dev, bool ign_usage_count); extern int pm_schedule_suspend(struct device *dev, unsigned int delay); extern int __pm_runtime_set_status(struct device *dev, unsigned int status); extern int pm_runtime_barrier(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_enable(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev, bool check_resume); extern void pm_runtime_allow(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_forbid(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev, bool use); extern void pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(struct device *dev, int delay); extern u64 pm_runtime_autosuspend_expiration(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_update_max_time_suspended(struct device *dev, s64 delta_ns); extern void pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio(struct device *dev, bool enable); extern void pm_runtime_get_suppliers(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_put_suppliers(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_new_link(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_drop_link(struct device_link *link); /** * pm_runtime_get_if_in_use - Conditionally bump up runtime PM usage counter. * @dev: Target device. * * Increment the runtime PM usage counter of @dev if its runtime PM status is * %RPM_ACTIVE and its runtime PM usage counter is greater than 0. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(struct device *dev) { return pm_runtime_get_if_active(dev, false); } /** * pm_suspend_ignore_children - Set runtime PM behavior regarding children. * @dev: Target device. * @enable: Whether or not to ignore possible dependencies on children. * * The dependencies of @dev on its children will not be taken into account by * the runtime PM framework going forward if @enable is %true, or they will * be taken into account otherwise. */ static inline void pm_suspend_ignore_children(struct device *dev, bool enable) { dev->power.ignore_children = enable; } /** * pm_runtime_get_noresume - Bump up runtime PM usage counter of a device. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline void pm_runtime_get_noresume(struct device *dev) { atomic_inc(&dev->power.usage_count); } /** * pm_runtime_put_noidle - Drop runtime PM usage counter of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev unless it is 0 already. */ static inline void pm_runtime_put_noidle(struct device *dev) { atomic_add_unless(&dev->power.usage_count, -1, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_suspended - Check whether or not a device is runtime-suspended. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is enabled for @dev and its runtime PM status is * %RPM_SUSPENDED, or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev and its runtime PM * status cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_suspended(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED && !dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_active - Check whether or not a device is runtime-active. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is enabled for @dev and its runtime PM status is * %RPM_ACTIVE, or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev and its runtime PM * status cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_active(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_ACTIVE || dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_status_suspended - Check if runtime PM status is "suspended". * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if the runtime PM status of @dev is %RPM_SUSPENDED, or %false * otherwise, regardless of whether or not runtime PM has been enabled for @dev. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which the * runtime PM status of @dev cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_status_suspended(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED; } /** * pm_runtime_enabled - Check if runtime PM is enabled. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is enabled for @dev or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_enabled(struct device *dev) { return !dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks - Check if runtime PM callbacks may be present. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if @dev is a special device without runtime PM callbacks or * %false otherwise. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.no_callbacks; } /** * pm_runtime_mark_last_busy - Update the last access time of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Update the last access time of @dev used by the runtime PM autosuspend * mechanism to the current time as returned by ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(). */ static inline void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev) { WRITE_ONCE(dev->power.last_busy, ktime_get_mono_fast_ns()); } /** * pm_runtime_is_irq_safe - Check if runtime PM can work in interrupt context. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if @dev has been marked as an "IRQ-safe" device (with respect * to runtime PM), in which case its runtime PM callabcks can be expected to * work correctly when invoked from interrupt handlers. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_is_irq_safe(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.irq_safe; } extern u64 pm_runtime_suspended_time(struct device *dev); #else /* !CONFIG_PM */ static inline bool queue_pm_work(struct work_struct *work) { return false; } static inline int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_force_suspend(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_force_resume(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int __pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int __pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int __pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return 1; } static inline int pm_schedule_suspend(struct device *dev, unsigned int delay) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(struct device *dev) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_active(struct device *dev, bool ign_usage_count) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int __pm_runtime_set_status(struct device *dev, unsigned int status) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_barrier(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void pm_runtime_enable(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev, bool c) {} static inline void pm_runtime_allow(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_forbid(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_suspend_ignore_children(struct device *dev, bool enable) {} static inline void pm_runtime_get_noresume(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_put_noidle(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool pm_runtime_suspended(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_active(struct device *dev) { return true; } static inline bool pm_runtime_status_suspended(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_enabled(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool pm_runtime_is_irq_safe(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev, bool use) {} static inline void pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(struct device *dev, int delay) {} static inline u64 pm_runtime_autosuspend_expiration( struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio(struct device *dev, bool enable){} static inline void pm_runtime_get_suppliers(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_put_suppliers(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_new_link(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_drop_link(struct device_link *link) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_PM */ /** * pm_runtime_idle - Conditionally set up autosuspend of a device or suspend it. * @dev: Target device. * * Invoke the "idle check" callback of @dev and, depending on its return value, * set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether or not * autosuspend has been enabled for it). */ static inline int pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_suspend - Suspend a device synchronously. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_autosuspend - Set up autosuspend of a device or suspend it. * @dev: Target device. * * Set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether or not * autosuspend is enabled for it) without engaging its "idle check" callback. */ static inline int pm_runtime_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_resume - Resume a device synchronously. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, 0); } /** * pm_request_idle - Queue up "idle check" execution for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Queue up a work item to run an equivalent of pm_runtime_idle() for @dev * asynchronously. */ static inline int pm_request_idle(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_request_resume - Queue up runtime-resume of a device. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_request_resume(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_request_autosuspend - Queue up autosuspend of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Queue up a work item to run an equivalent pm_runtime_autosuspend() for @dev * asynchronously. */ static inline int pm_request_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_ASYNC | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_get - Bump up usage counter and queue up resume of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Bump up the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and queue up a work item to * carry out runtime-resume of it. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_runtime_get_sync - Bump up usage counter of a device and resume it. * @dev: Target device. * * Bump up the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and carry out runtime-resume of * it synchronously. * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_resume() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * incremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get_sync(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_resume_and_get - Bump up usage counter of a device and resume it. * @dev: Target device. * * Resume @dev synchronously and if that is successful, increment its runtime * PM usage counter. Return 0 if the runtime PM usage counter of @dev has been * incremented or a negative error code otherwise. */ static inline int pm_runtime_resume_and_get(struct device *dev) { int ret; ret = __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); if (ret < 0) { pm_runtime_put_noidle(dev); return ret; } return 0; } /** * pm_runtime_put - Drop device usage counter and queue up "idle check" if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, queue up a work item for @dev like in pm_request_idle(). */ static inline int pm_runtime_put(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_runtime_put_autosuspend - Drop device usage counter and queue autosuspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, queue up a work item for @dev like in pm_request_autosuspend(). */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync - Drop device usage counter and run "idle check" if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, invoke the "idle check" callback of @dev and, depending on its * return value, set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether * or not autosuspend has been enabled for it). * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_idle() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend - Drop device usage counter and suspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, carry out runtime-suspend of @dev synchronously. * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_suspend() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend - Drop device usage counter and autosuspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it synchronously (depending * on whether or not autosuspend has been enabled for it). * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_autosuspend() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_set_active - Set runtime PM status to "active". * @dev: Target device. * * Set the runtime PM status of @dev to %RPM_ACTIVE and ensure that dependencies * of it will be taken into account. * * It is not valid to call this function for devices with runtime PM enabled. */ static inline int pm_runtime_set_active(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_set_status(dev, RPM_ACTIVE); } /** * pm_runtime_set_suspended - Set runtime PM status to "suspended". * @dev: Target device. * * Set the runtime PM status of @dev to %RPM_SUSPENDED and ensure that * dependencies of it will be taken into account. * * It is not valid to call this function for devices with runtime PM enabled. */ static inline int pm_runtime_set_suspended(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_set_status(dev, RPM_SUSPENDED); } /** * pm_runtime_disable - Disable runtime PM for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Prevent the runtime PM framework from working with @dev (by incrementing its * "blocking" counter). * * For each invocation of this function for @dev there must be a matching * pm_runtime_enable() call in order for runtime PM to be enabled for it. */ static inline void pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_disable(dev, true); } /** * pm_runtime_use_autosuspend - Allow autosuspend to be used for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Allow the runtime PM autosuspend mechanism to be used for @dev whenever * requested (or "autosuspend" will be handled as direct runtime-suspend for * it). */ static inline void pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(dev, true); } /** * pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend - Prevent autosuspend from being used. * @dev: Target device. * * Prevent the runtime PM autosuspend mechanism from being used for @dev which * means that "autosuspend" will be handled as direct runtime-suspend for it * going forward. */ static inline void pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(dev, false); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kernfs.h - pseudo filesystem decoupled from vfs locking */ #ifndef __LINUX_KERNFS_H #define __LINUX_KERNFS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/wait.h> struct file; struct dentry; struct iattr; struct seq_file; struct vm_area_struct; struct super_block; struct file_system_type; struct poll_table_struct; struct fs_context; struct kernfs_fs_context; struct kernfs_open_node; struct kernfs_iattrs; enum kernfs_node_type { KERNFS_DIR = 0x0001, KERNFS_FILE = 0x0002, KERNFS_LINK = 0x0004, }; #define KERNFS_TYPE_MASK 0x000f #define KERNFS_FLAG_MASK ~KERNFS_TYPE_MASK #define KERNFS_MAX_USER_XATTRS 128 #define KERNFS_USER_XATTR_SIZE_LIMIT (128 << 10) enum kernfs_node_flag { KERNFS_ACTIVATED = 0x0010, KERNFS_NS = 0x0020, KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW = 0x0040, KERNFS_HAS_MMAP = 0x0080, KERNFS_LOCKDEP = 0x0100, KERNFS_SUICIDAL = 0x0400, KERNFS_SUICIDED = 0x0800, KERNFS_EMPTY_DIR = 0x1000, KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE = 0x2000, }; /* @flags for kernfs_create_root() */ enum kernfs_root_flag { /* * kernfs_nodes are created in the deactivated state and invisible. * They require explicit kernfs_activate() to become visible. This * can be used to make related nodes become visible atomically * after all nodes are created successfully. */ KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED = 0x0001, /* * For regular files, if the opener has CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE, open(2) * succeeds regardless of the RW permissions. sysfs had an extra * layer of enforcement where open(2) fails with -EACCES regardless * of CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE if the permission doesn't have the * respective read or write access at all (none of S_IRUGO or * S_IWUGO) or the respective operation isn't implemented. The * following flag enables that behavior. */ KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK = 0x0002, /* * The filesystem supports exportfs operation, so userspace can use * fhandle to access nodes of the fs. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP = 0x0004, /* * Support user xattrs to be written to nodes rooted at this root. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_USER_XATTR = 0x0008, }; /* type-specific structures for kernfs_node union members */ struct kernfs_elem_dir { unsigned long subdirs; /* children rbtree starts here and goes through kn->rb */ struct rb_root children; /* * The kernfs hierarchy this directory belongs to. This fits * better directly in kernfs_node but is here to save space. */ struct kernfs_root *root; }; struct kernfs_elem_symlink { struct kernfs_node *target_kn; }; struct kernfs_elem_attr { const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_node *open; loff_t size; struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */ }; /* * kernfs_node - the building block of kernfs hierarchy. Each and every * kernfs node is represented by single kernfs_node. Most fields are * private to kernfs and shouldn't be accessed directly by kernfs users. * * As long as s_count reference is held, the kernfs_node itself is * accessible. Dereferencing elem or any other outer entity requires * active reference. */ struct kernfs_node { atomic_t count; atomic_t active; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif /* * Use kernfs_get_parent() and kernfs_name/path() instead of * accessing the following two fields directly. If the node is * never moved to a different parent, it is safe to access the * parent directly. */ struct kernfs_node *parent; const char *name; struct rb_node rb; const void *ns; /* namespace tag */ unsigned int hash; /* ns + name hash */ union { struct kernfs_elem_dir dir; struct kernfs_elem_symlink symlink; struct kernfs_elem_attr attr; }; void *priv; /* * 64bit unique ID. On 64bit ino setups, id is the ino. On 32bit, * the low 32bits are ino and upper generation. */ u64 id; unsigned short flags; umode_t mode; struct kernfs_iattrs *iattr; }; /* * kernfs_syscall_ops may be specified on kernfs_create_root() to support * syscalls. These optional callbacks are invoked on the matching syscalls * and can perform any kernfs operations which don't necessarily have to be * the exact operation requested. An active reference is held for each * kernfs_node parameter. */ struct kernfs_syscall_ops { int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_root *root); int (*mkdir)(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode); int (*rmdir)(struct kernfs_node *kn); int (*rename)(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_root *root); }; struct kernfs_root { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned int flags; /* KERNFS_ROOT_* flags */ /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct idr ino_idr; u32 last_id_lowbits; u32 id_highbits; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *syscall_ops; /* list of kernfs_super_info of this root, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head supers; wait_queue_head_t deactivate_waitq; }; struct kernfs_open_file { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; struct file *file; struct seq_file *seq_file; void *priv; /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct mutex mutex; struct mutex prealloc_mutex; int event; struct list_head list; char *prealloc_buf; size_t atomic_write_len; bool mmapped:1; bool released:1; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; }; struct kernfs_ops { /* * Optional open/release methods. Both are called with * @of->seq_file populated. */ int (*open)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); void (*release)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); /* * Read is handled by either seq_file or raw_read(). * * If seq_show() is present, seq_file path is active. Other seq * operations are optional and if not implemented, the behavior is * equivalent to single_open(). @sf->private points to the * associated kernfs_open_file. * * read() is bounced through kernel buffer and a read larger than * PAGE_SIZE results in partial operation of PAGE_SIZE. */ int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); void *(*seq_start)(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos); void *(*seq_next)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos); void (*seq_stop)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); ssize_t (*read)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); /* * write() is bounced through kernel buffer. If atomic_write_len * is not set, a write larger than PAGE_SIZE results in partial * operations of PAGE_SIZE chunks. If atomic_write_len is set, * writes upto the specified size are executed atomically but * larger ones are rejected with -E2BIG. */ size_t atomic_write_len; /* * "prealloc" causes a buffer to be allocated at open for * all read/write requests. As ->seq_show uses seq_read() * which does its own allocation, it is incompatible with * ->prealloc. Provide ->read and ->write with ->prealloc. */ bool prealloc; ssize_t (*write)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); __poll_t (*poll)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); int (*mmap)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lock_class_key lockdep_key; #endif }; /* * The kernfs superblock creation/mount parameter context. */ struct kernfs_fs_context { struct kernfs_root *root; /* Root of the hierarchy being mounted */ void *ns_tag; /* Namespace tag of the mount (or NULL) */ unsigned long magic; /* File system specific magic number */ /* The following are set/used by kernfs_mount() */ bool new_sb_created; /* Set to T if we allocated a new sb */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_KERNFS static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_TYPE_MASK; } static inline ino_t kernfs_id_ino(u64 id) { /* id is ino if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, low 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return id; else return (u32)id; } static inline u32 kernfs_id_gen(u64 id) { /* gen is fixed at 1 if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, high 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return 1; else return id >> 32; } static inline ino_t kernfs_ino(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_ino(kn->id); } static inline ino_t kernfs_gen(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_gen(kn->id); } /** * kernfs_enable_ns - enable namespace under a directory * @kn: directory of interest, should be empty * * This is to be called right after @kn is created to enable namespace * under it. All children of @kn must have non-NULL namespace tags and * only the ones which match the super_block's tag will be visible. */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR); WARN_ON_ONCE(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kn->dir.children)); kn->flags |= KERNFS_NS; } /** * kernfs_ns_enabled - test whether namespace is enabled * @kn: the node to test * * Test whether namespace filtering is enabled for the children of @ns. */ static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_NS; } int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn); void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns); void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb); struct inode *kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn); struct dentry *kernfs_node_dentry(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct super_block *sb); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv); void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_empty_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name); struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target); void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_break_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size); int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags); const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb); int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb); void kernfs_init(void); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_node_by_id(struct kernfs_root *root, u64 id); #else /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return 0; } /* whatever */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bo