1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H #include <linux/smp.h> /* * Do not use outside of architecture code which knows its limitations. * * sched_clock() has no promise of monotonicity or bounded drift between * CPUs, use (which you should not) requires disabling IRQs. * * Please use one of the three interfaces below. */ extern unsigned long long notrace sched_clock(void); /* * See the comment in kernel/sched/clock.c */ extern u64 running_clock(void); extern u64 sched_clock_cpu(int cpu); extern void sched_clock_init(void); #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK static inline void sched_clock_tick(void) { } static inline void clear_sched_clock_stable(void) { } static inline void sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(void) { } static inline void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(void) { } static inline u64 cpu_clock(int cpu) { return sched_clock(); } static inline u64 local_clock(void) { return sched_clock(); } #else extern int sched_clock_stable(void); extern void clear_sched_clock_stable(void); /* * When sched_clock_stable(), __sched_clock_offset provides the offset * between local_clock() and sched_clock(). */ extern u64 __sched_clock_offset; extern void sched_clock_tick(void); extern void sched_clock_tick_stable(void); extern void sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(void); extern void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(void); /* * As outlined in clock.c, provides a fast, high resolution, nanosecond * time source that is monotonic per cpu argument and has bounded drift * between cpus. * * ######################### BIG FAT WARNING ########################## * # when comparing cpu_clock(i) to cpu_clock(j) for i != j, time can # * # go backwards !! # * #################################################################### */ static inline u64 cpu_clock(int cpu) { return sched_clock_cpu(cpu); } static inline u64 local_clock(void) { return sched_clock_cpu(raw_smp_processor_id()); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING /* * An i/f to runtime opt-in for irq time accounting based off of sched_clock. * The reason for this explicit opt-in is not to have perf penalty with * slow sched_clocks. */ extern void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void); extern void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void); #else static inline void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void) {} static inline void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void) {} #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGETLB_INLINE_H #define _LINUX_HUGETLB_INLINE_H #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE #include <linux/mm.h> static inline bool is_vm_hugetlb_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB); } #else static inline bool is_vm_hugetlb_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _DELAYED_CALL_H #define _DELAYED_CALL_H /* * Poor man's closures; I wish we could've done them sanely polymorphic, * but... */ struct delayed_call { void (*fn)(void *); void *arg; }; #define DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(name) struct delayed_call name = {NULL, NULL} /* I really wish we had closures with sane typechecking... */ static inline void set_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call, void (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { call->fn = fn; call->arg = arg; } static inline void do_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { if (call->fn) call->fn(call->arg); } static inline void clear_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { call->fn = NULL; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the IP module. * * Version: @(#)ip.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * * Changes: * Mike McLagan : Routing by source */ #ifndef _IP_H #define _IP_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #define IPV4_MAX_PMTU 65535U /* RFC 2675, Section 5.1 */ #define IPV4_MIN_MTU 68 /* RFC 791 */ extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem; extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_min; extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_max; struct sock; struct inet_skb_parm { int iif; struct ip_options opt; /* Compiled IP options */ u16 flags; #define IPSKB_FORWARDED BIT(0) #define IPSKB_XFRM_TUNNEL_SIZE BIT(1) #define IPSKB_XFRM_TRANSFORMED BIT(2) #define IPSKB_FRAG_COMPLETE BIT(3) #define IPSKB_REROUTED BIT(4) #define IPSKB_DOREDIRECT BIT(5) #define IPSKB_FRAG_PMTU BIT(6) #define IPSKB_L3SLAVE BIT(7) u16 frag_max_size; }; static inline bool ipv4_l3mdev_skb(u16 flags) { return !!(flags & IPSKB_L3SLAVE); } static inline unsigned int ip_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ip_hdr(skb)->ihl * 4; } struct ipcm_cookie { struct sockcm_cookie sockc; __be32 addr; int oif; struct ip_options_rcu *opt; __u8 ttl; __s16 tos; char priority; __u16 gso_size; }; static inline void ipcm_init(struct ipcm_cookie *ipcm) { *ipcm = (struct ipcm_cookie) { .tos = -1 }; } static inline void ipcm_init_sk(struct ipcm_cookie *ipcm, const struct inet_sock *inet) { ipcm_init(ipcm); ipcm->sockc.mark = inet->sk.sk_mark; ipcm->sockc.tsflags = inet->sk.sk_tsflags; ipcm->oif = inet->sk.sk_bound_dev_if; ipcm->addr = inet->inet_saddr; } #define IPCB(skb) ((struct inet_skb_parm*)((skb)->cb)) #define PKTINFO_SKB_CB(skb) ((struct in_pktinfo *)((skb)->cb)) /* return enslaved device index if relevant */ static inline int inet_sdif(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv4_l3mdev_skb(IPCB(skb)->flags)) return IPCB(skb)->iif; #endif return 0; } /* Special input handler for packets caught by router alert option. They are selected only by protocol field, and then processed likely local ones; but only if someone wants them! Otherwise, router not running rsvpd will kill RSVP. It is user level problem, what it will make with them. I have no idea, how it will masquearde or NAT them (it is joke, joke :-)), but receiver should be enough clever f.e. to forward mtrace requests, sent to multicast group to reach destination designated router. */ struct ip_ra_chain { struct ip_ra_chain __rcu *next; struct sock *sk; union { void (*destructor)(struct sock *); struct sock *saved_sk; }; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* IP flags. */ #define IP_CE 0x8000 /* Flag: "Congestion" */ #define IP_DF 0x4000 /* Flag: "Don't Fragment" */ #define IP_MF 0x2000 /* Flag: "More Fragments" */ #define IP_OFFSET 0x1FFF /* "Fragment Offset" part */ #define IP_FRAG_TIME (30 * HZ) /* fragment lifetime */ struct msghdr; struct net_device; struct packet_type; struct rtable; struct sockaddr; int igmp_mc_init(void); /* * Functions provided by ip.c */ int ip_build_and_send_pkt(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sock *sk, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, struct ip_options_rcu *opt, u8 tos); int ip_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); void ip_list_rcv(struct list_head *head, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); int ip_local_deliver(struct sk_buff *skb); void ip_protocol_deliver_rcu(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int proto); int ip_mr_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_mc_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_do_fragment(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int (*output)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); struct ip_fraglist_iter { struct sk_buff *frag; struct iphdr *iph; int offset; unsigned int hlen; }; void ip_fraglist_init(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iphdr *iph, unsigned int hlen, struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter); void ip_fraglist_prepare(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter); static inline struct sk_buff *ip_fraglist_next(struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter) { struct sk_buff *skb = iter->frag; iter->frag = skb->next; skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); return skb; } struct ip_frag_state { bool DF; unsigned int hlen; unsigned int ll_rs; unsigned int mtu; unsigned int left; int offset; int ptr; __be16 not_last_frag; }; void ip_frag_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, unsigned int ll_rs, unsigned int mtu, bool DF, struct ip_frag_state *state); struct sk_buff *ip_frag_next(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_frag_state *state); void ip_send_check(struct iphdr *ip); int __ip_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int __ip_queue_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, __u8 tos); void ip_init(void); int ip_append_data(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int len, int protolen, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rt, unsigned int flags); int ip_generic_getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb); ssize_t ip_append_page(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); struct sk_buff *__ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct sk_buff_head *queue, struct inet_cork *cork); int ip_send_skb(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4); void ip_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); struct sk_buff *ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rtp, struct inet_cork *cork, unsigned int flags); int ip_queue_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); static inline struct sk_buff *ip_finish_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4) { return __ip_make_skb(sk, fl4, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet_sk(sk)->cork.base); } static inline __u8 get_rttos(struct ipcm_cookie* ipc, struct inet_sock *inet) { return (ipc->tos != -1) ? RT_TOS(ipc->tos) : RT_TOS(inet->tos); } static inline __u8 get_rtconn_flags(struct ipcm_cookie* ipc, struct sock* sk) { return (ipc->tos != -1) ? RT_CONN_FLAGS_TOS(sk, ipc->tos) : RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk); } /* datagram.c */ int __ip4_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int ip4_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); void ip4_datagram_release_cb(struct sock *sk); struct ip_reply_arg { struct kvec iov[1]; int flags; __wsum csum; int csumoffset; /* u16 offset of csum in iov[0].iov_base */ /* -1 if not needed */ int bound_dev_if; u8 tos; kuid_t uid; }; #define IP_REPLY_ARG_NOSRCCHECK 1 static inline __u8 ip_reply_arg_flowi_flags(const struct ip_reply_arg *arg) { return (arg->flags & IP_REPLY_ARG_NOSRCCHECK) ? FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC : 0; } void ip_send_unicast_reply(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_options *sopt, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, const struct ip_reply_arg *arg, unsigned int len, u64 transmit_time); #define IP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field) #define __IP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field) #define IP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define __IP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) __SNMP_ADD_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define IP_UPD_PO_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define __IP_UPD_PO_STATS(net, field, val) __SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define NET_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field) #define __NET_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field) #define NET_ADD_STATS(net, field, adnd) SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field, adnd) #define __NET_ADD_STATS(net, field, adnd) __SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field, adnd) u64 snmp_get_cpu_field(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct); unsigned long snmp_fold_field(void __percpu *mib, int offt); #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 u64 snmp_get_cpu_field64(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct, size_t syncp_offset); u64 snmp_fold_field64(void __percpu *mib, int offt, size_t sync_off); #else static inline u64 snmp_get_cpu_field64(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct, size_t syncp_offset) { return snmp_get_cpu_field(mib, cpu, offct); } static inline u64 snmp_fold_field64(void __percpu *mib, int offt, size_t syncp_off) { return snmp_fold_field(mib, offt); } #endif #define snmp_get_cpu_field64_batch(buff64, stats_list, mib_statistic, offset) \ { \ int i, c; \ for_each_possible_cpu(c) { \ for (i = 0; stats_list[i].name; i++) \ buff64[i] += snmp_get_cpu_field64( \ mib_statistic, \ c, stats_list[i].entry, \ offset); \ } \ } #define snmp_get_cpu_field_batch(buff, stats_list, mib_statistic) \ { \ int i, c; \ for_each_possible_cpu(c) { \ for (i = 0; stats_list[i].name; i++) \ buff[i] += snmp_get_cpu_field( \ mib_statistic, \ c, stats_list[i].entry); \ } \ } void inet_get_local_port_range(struct net *net, int *low, int *high); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static inline bool inet_is_local_reserved_port(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { if (!net->ipv4.sysctl_local_reserved_ports) return false; return test_bit(port, net->ipv4.sysctl_local_reserved_ports); } static inline bool sysctl_dev_name_is_allowed(const char *name) { return strcmp(name, "default") != 0 && strcmp(name, "all") != 0; } static inline bool inet_port_requires_bind_service(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return port < net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_prot_sock; } #else static inline bool inet_is_local_reserved_port(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return false; } static inline bool inet_port_requires_bind_service(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return port < PROT_SOCK; } #endif __be32 inet_current_timestamp(void); /* From inetpeer.c */ extern int inet_peer_threshold; extern int inet_peer_minttl; extern int inet_peer_maxttl; void ipfrag_init(void); void ip_static_sysctl_init(void); #define IP4_REPLY_MARK(net, mark) \ ((net)->ipv4.sysctl_fwmark_reflect ? (mark) : 0) static inline bool ip_is_fragment(const struct iphdr *iph) { return (iph->frag_off & htons(IP_MF | IP_OFFSET)) != 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_INET #include <net/dst.h> /* The function in 2.2 was invalid, producing wrong result for * check=0xFEFF. It was noticed by Arthur Skawina _year_ ago. --ANK(000625) */ static inline int ip_decrease_ttl(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; check += (__force u32)htons(0x0100); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); return --iph->ttl; } static inline int ip_mtu_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst) { const struct rtable *rt = (const struct rtable *)dst; return rt->rt_mtu_locked || dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_MTU); } static inline int ip_dont_fragment(const struct sock *sk, const struct dst_entry *dst) { u8 pmtudisc = READ_ONCE(inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc); return pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_DO || (pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_WANT && !ip_mtu_locked(dst)); } static inline bool ip_sk_accept_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IP_PMTUDISC_INTERFACE && inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IP_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline bool ip_sk_use_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IP_PMTUDISC_PROBE; } static inline bool ip_sk_ignore_df(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IP_PMTUDISC_DO || inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline unsigned int ip_dst_mtu_maybe_forward(const struct dst_entry *dst, bool forwarding) { struct net *net = dev_net(dst->dev); unsigned int mtu; if (net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_fwd_use_pmtu || ip_mtu_locked(dst) || !forwarding) return dst_mtu(dst); /* 'forwarding = true' case should always honour route mtu */ mtu = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_MTU); if (!mtu) mtu = min(READ_ONCE(dst->dev->mtu), IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(dst->lwtstate, mtu); } static inline unsigned int ip_skb_dst_mtu(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int mtu; if (!sk || !sk_fullsock(sk) || ip_sk_use_pmtu(sk)) { bool forwarding = IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_FORWARDED; return ip_dst_mtu_maybe_forward(skb_dst(skb), forwarding); } mtu = min(READ_ONCE(skb_dst(skb)->dev->mtu), IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(skb_dst(skb)->lwtstate, mtu); } struct dst_metrics *ip_fib_metrics_init(struct net *net, struct nlattr *fc_mx, int fc_mx_len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline void ip_fib_metrics_put(struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics) { if (fib_metrics != &dst_default_metrics && refcount_dec_and_test(&fib_metrics->refcnt)) kfree(fib_metrics); } /* ipv4 and ipv6 both use refcounted metrics if it is not the default */ static inline void ip_dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics) { dst_init_metrics(dst, fib_metrics->metrics, true); if (fib_metrics != &dst_default_metrics) { dst->_metrics |= DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED; refcount_inc(&fib_metrics->refcnt); } } static inline void ip_dst_metrics_put(struct dst_entry *dst) { struct dst_metrics *p = (struct dst_metrics *)DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); if (p != &dst_default_metrics && refcount_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) kfree(p); } u32 ip_idents_reserve(u32 hash, int segs); void __ip_select_ident(struct net *net, struct iphdr *iph, int segs); static inline void ip_select_ident_segs(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, int segs) { struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if ((iph->frag_off & htons(IP_DF)) && !skb->ignore_df) { /* This is only to work around buggy Windows95/2000 * VJ compression implementations. If the ID field * does not change, they drop every other packet in * a TCP stream using header compression. */ if (sk && inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr) { iph->id = htons(inet_sk(sk)->inet_id); inet_sk(sk)->inet_id += segs; } else { iph->id = 0; } } else { __ip_select_ident(net, iph, segs); } } static inline void ip_select_ident(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { ip_select_ident_segs(net, skb, sk, 1); } static inline __wsum inet_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return csum_tcpudp_nofold(ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr, skb->len, proto, 0); } /* copy IPv4 saddr & daddr to flow_keys, possibly using 64bit load/store * Equivalent to : flow->v4addrs.src = iph->saddr; * flow->v4addrs.dst = iph->daddr; */ static inline void iph_to_flow_copy_v4addrs(struct flow_keys *flow, const struct iphdr *iph) { BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v4addrs.dst) != offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v4addrs.src) + sizeof(flow->addrs.v4addrs.src)); memcpy(&flow->addrs.v4addrs, &iph->saddr, sizeof(flow->addrs.v4addrs)); flow->control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; } static inline __wsum inet_gro_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { const struct iphdr *iph = skb_gro_network_header(skb); return csum_tcpudp_nofold(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, skb_gro_len(skb), proto, 0); } /* * Map a multicast IP onto multicast MAC for type ethernet. */ static inline void ip_eth_mc_map(__be32 naddr, char *buf) { __u32 addr=ntohl(naddr); buf[0]=0x01; buf[1]=0x00; buf[2]=0x5e; buf[5]=addr&0xFF; addr>>=8; buf[4]=addr&0xFF; addr>>=8; buf[3]=addr&0x7F; } /* * Map a multicast IP onto multicast MAC for type IP-over-InfiniBand. * Leave P_Key as 0 to be filled in by driver. */ static inline void ip_ib_mc_map(__be32 naddr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { __u32 addr; unsigned char scope = broadcast[5] & 0xF; buf[0] = 0; /* Reserved */ buf[1] = 0xff; /* Multicast QPN */ buf[2] = 0xff; buf[3] = 0xff; addr = ntohl(naddr); buf[4] = 0xff; buf[5] = 0x10 | scope; /* scope from broadcast address */ buf[6] = 0x40; /* IPv4 signature */ buf[7] = 0x1b; buf[8] = broadcast[8]; /* P_Key */ buf[9] = broadcast[9]; buf[10] = 0; buf[11] = 0; buf[12] = 0; buf[13] = 0; buf[14] = 0; buf[15] = 0; buf[19] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[18] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[17] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[16] = addr & 0x0f; } static inline void ip_ipgre_mc_map(__be32 naddr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { if ((broadcast[0] | broadcast[1] | broadcast[2] | broadcast[3]) != 0) memcpy(buf, broadcast, 4); else memcpy(buf, &naddr, sizeof(naddr)); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #include <linux/ipv6.h> #endif static __inline__ void inet_reset_saddr(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->inet_rcv_saddr = inet_sk(sk)->inet_saddr = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (sk->sk_family == PF_INET6) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); memset(&np->saddr, 0, sizeof(np->saddr)); memset(&sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr, 0, sizeof(sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr)); } #endif } #endif static inline unsigned int ipv4_addr_hash(__be32 ip) { return (__force unsigned int) ip; } static inline u32 ipv4_portaddr_hash(const struct net *net, __be32 saddr, unsigned int port) { return jhash_1word((__force u32)saddr, net_hash_mix(net)) ^ port; } bool ip_call_ra_chain(struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Functions provided by ip_fragment.c */ enum ip_defrag_users { IP_DEFRAG_LOCAL_DELIVER, IP_DEFRAG_CALL_RA_CHAIN, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN_END = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT_END = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_VS_IN, IP_DEFRAG_VS_OUT, IP_DEFRAG_VS_FWD, IP_DEFRAG_AF_PACKET, IP_DEFRAG_MACVLAN, }; /* Return true if the value of 'user' is between 'lower_bond' * and 'upper_bond' inclusively. */ static inline bool ip_defrag_user_in_between(u32 user, enum ip_defrag_users lower_bond, enum ip_defrag_users upper_bond) { return user >= lower_bond && user <= upper_bond; } int ip_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user); #ifdef CONFIG_INET struct sk_buff *ip_check_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user); #else static inline struct sk_buff *ip_check_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user) { return skb; } #endif /* * Functions provided by ip_forward.c */ int ip_forward(struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Functions provided by ip_options.c */ void ip_options_build(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_options *opt, __be32 daddr, struct rtable *rt, int is_frag); int __ip_options_echo(struct net *net, struct ip_options *dopt, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_options *sopt); static inline int ip_options_echo(struct net *net, struct ip_options *dopt, struct sk_buff *skb) { return __ip_options_echo(net, dopt, skb, &IPCB(skb)->opt); } void ip_options_fragment(struct sk_buff *skb); int __ip_options_compile(struct net *net, struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *info); int ip_options_compile(struct net *net, struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_options_get(struct net *net, struct ip_options_rcu **optp, sockptr_t data, int optlen); void ip_options_undo(struct ip_options *opt); void ip_forward_options(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_options_rcv_srr(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); /* * Functions provided by ip_sockglue.c */ void ipv4_pktinfo_prepare(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void ip_cmsg_recv_offset(struct msghdr *msg, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int tlen, int offset); int ip_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, bool allow_ipv6); int ip_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int ip_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int ip_ra_control(struct sock *sk, unsigned char on, void (*destructor)(struct sock *)); int ip_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); void ip_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, __be16 port, u32 info, u8 *payload); void ip_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, u32 info); static inline void ip_cmsg_recv(struct msghdr *msg, struct sk_buff *skb) { ip_cmsg_recv_offset(msg, skb->sk, skb, 0, 0); } bool icmp_global_allow(void); extern int sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec; extern int sysctl_icmp_msgs_burst; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int ip_misc_proc_init(void); #endif int rtm_getroute_parse_ip_proto(struct nlattr *attr, u8 *ip_proto, u8 family, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline bool inetdev_valid_mtu(unsigned int mtu) { return likely(mtu >= IPV4_MIN_MTU); } void ip_sock_set_freebind(struct sock *sk); int ip_sock_set_mtu_discover(struct sock *sk, int val); void ip_sock_set_pktinfo(struct sock *sk); void ip_sock_set_recverr(struct sock *sk); void ip_sock_set_tos(struct sock *sk, int val); #endif /* _IP_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _MM_PERCPU_INTERNAL_H #define _MM_PERCPU_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> /* * There are two chunk types: root and memcg-aware. * Chunks of each type have separate slots list. * * Memcg-aware chunks have an attached vector of obj_cgroup pointers, which is * used to store memcg membership data of a percpu object. Obj_cgroups are * ref-counted pointers to a memory cgroup with an ability to switch dynamically * to the parent memory cgroup. This allows to reclaim a deleted memory cgroup * without reclaiming of all outstanding objects, which hold a reference at it. */ enum pcpu_chunk_type { PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT, #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG, #endif PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES, PCPU_FAIL_ALLOC = PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES }; /* * pcpu_block_md is the metadata block struct. * Each chunk's bitmap is split into a number of full blocks. * All units are in terms of bits. * * The scan hint is the largest known contiguous area before the contig hint. * It is not necessarily the actual largest contig hint though. There is an * invariant that the scan_hint_start > contig_hint_start iff * scan_hint == contig_hint. This is necessary because when scanning forward, * we don't know if a new contig hint would be better than the current one. */ struct pcpu_block_md { int scan_hint; /* scan hint for block */ int scan_hint_start; /* block relative starting position of the scan hint */ int contig_hint; /* contig hint for block */ int contig_hint_start; /* block relative starting position of the contig hint */ int left_free; /* size of free space along the left side of the block */ int right_free; /* size of free space along the right side of the block */ int first_free; /* block position of first free */ int nr_bits; /* total bits responsible for */ }; struct pcpu_chunk { #ifdef CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS int nr_alloc; /* # of allocations */ size_t max_alloc_size; /* largest allocation size */ #endif struct list_head list; /* linked to pcpu_slot lists */ int free_bytes; /* free bytes in the chunk */ struct pcpu_block_md chunk_md; void *base_addr; /* base address of this chunk */ unsigned long *alloc_map; /* allocation map */ unsigned long *bound_map; /* boundary map */ struct pcpu_block_md *md_blocks; /* metadata blocks */ void *data; /* chunk data */ bool immutable; /* no [de]population allowed */ int start_offset; /* the overlap with the previous region to have a page aligned base_addr */ int end_offset; /* additional area required to have the region end page aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; /* vector of object cgroups */ #endif int nr_pages; /* # of pages served by this chunk */ int nr_populated; /* # of populated pages */ int nr_empty_pop_pages; /* # of empty populated pages */ unsigned long populated[]; /* populated bitmap */ }; extern spinlock_t pcpu_lock; extern struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_lists; extern int pcpu_nr_slots; extern int pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[]; extern struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_first_chunk; extern struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_reserved_chunk; /** * pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks - converts nr_pages to # of md_blocks * @chunk: chunk of interest * * This conversion is from the number of physical pages that the chunk * serves to the number of bitmap blocks used. */ static inline int pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return chunk->nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits - converts the pages to size of bitmap * @pages: number of physical pages * * This conversion is from physical pages to the number of bits * required in the bitmap. */ static inline int pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits(int pages) { return pages * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_chunk_map_bits - helper to convert nr_pages to size of bitmap * @chunk: chunk of interest * * This conversion is from the number of physical pages that the chunk * serves to the number of bits in the bitmap. */ static inline int pcpu_chunk_map_bits(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits(chunk->nr_pages); } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static inline enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_chunk_type(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { if (chunk->obj_cgroups) return PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static inline bool pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return chunk_type == PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; } #else static inline enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_chunk_type(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static inline bool pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return false; } #endif static inline struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_list(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return &pcpu_chunk_lists[pcpu_nr_slots * pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(chunk_type)]; } #ifdef CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS #include <linux/spinlock.h> struct percpu_stats { u64 nr_alloc; /* lifetime # of allocations */ u64 nr_dealloc; /* lifetime # of deallocations */ u64 nr_cur_alloc; /* current # of allocations */ u64 nr_max_alloc; /* max # of live allocations */ u32 nr_chunks; /* current # of live chunks */ u32 nr_max_chunks; /* max # of live chunks */ size_t min_alloc_size; /* min allocaiton size */ size_t max_alloc_size; /* max allocation size */ }; extern struct percpu_stats pcpu_stats; extern struct pcpu_alloc_info pcpu_stats_ai; /* * For debug purposes. We don't care about the flexible array. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_save_ai(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { memcpy(&pcpu_stats_ai, ai, sizeof(struct pcpu_alloc_info)); /* initialize min_alloc_size to unit_size */ pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size = pcpu_stats_ai.unit_size; } /* * pcpu_stats_area_alloc - increment area allocation stats * @chunk: the location of the area being allocated * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_area_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, size_t size) { lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats.nr_alloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_max_alloc = max(pcpu_stats.nr_max_alloc, pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc); pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size = min(pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size, size); pcpu_stats.max_alloc_size = max(pcpu_stats.max_alloc_size, size); chunk->nr_alloc++; chunk->max_alloc_size = max(chunk->max_alloc_size, size); } /* * pcpu_stats_area_dealloc - decrement allocation stats * @chunk: the location of the area being deallocated * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats.nr_dealloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc--; chunk->nr_alloc--; } /* * pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc - increment chunk stats */ static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(void) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_stats.nr_chunks++; pcpu_stats.nr_max_chunks = max(pcpu_stats.nr_max_chunks, pcpu_stats.nr_chunks); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } /* * pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc - decrement chunk stats */ static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc(void) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_stats.nr_chunks--; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } #else static inline void pcpu_stats_save_ai(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_area_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, size_t size) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(void) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * linux/fs/pnode.h * * (C) Copyright IBM Corporation 2005. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PNODE_H #define _LINUX_PNODE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include "mount.h" #define IS_MNT_SHARED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHARED) #define IS_MNT_SLAVE(m) ((m)->mnt_master) #define IS_MNT_NEW(m) (!(m)->mnt_ns || is_anon_ns((m)->mnt_ns)) #define CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_SHARED) #define IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UNBINDABLE) #define IS_MNT_MARKED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_MARKED) #define SET_MNT_MARK(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_MARKED) #define CLEAR_MNT_MARK(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_MARKED) #define IS_MNT_LOCKED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) #define CL_EXPIRE 0x01 #define CL_SLAVE 0x02 #define CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE 0x04 #define CL_MAKE_SHARED 0x08 #define CL_PRIVATE 0x10 #define CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE 0x20 #define CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE 0x40 #define CL_COPY_ALL (CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) static inline void set_mnt_shared(struct mount *mnt) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_SHARED_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SHARED; } void change_mnt_propagation(struct mount *, int); int propagate_mnt(struct mount *, struct mountpoint *, struct mount *, struct hlist_head *); int propagate_umount(struct list_head *); int propagate_mount_busy(struct mount *, int); void propagate_mount_unlock(struct mount *); void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *); int get_dominating_id(struct mount *mnt, const struct path *root); int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt); void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *, struct mountpoint *, struct mount *); void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt); struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *, struct dentry *, int); bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *, struct dentry *, const struct path *root); int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt); #endif /* _LINUX_PNODE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Wireless configuration interface internals. * * Copyright 2006-2010 Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> * Copyright (C) 2018-2020 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/rfkill.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/genetlink.h> #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include "reg.h" #define WIPHY_IDX_INVALID -1 struct cfg80211_registered_device { const struct cfg80211_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* rfkill support */ struct rfkill_ops rfkill_ops; struct rfkill *rfkill; struct work_struct rfkill_block; /* ISO / IEC 3166 alpha2 for which this device is receiving * country IEs on, this can help disregard country IEs from APs * on the same alpha2 quickly. The alpha2 may differ from * cfg80211_regdomain's alpha2 when an intersection has occurred. * If the AP is reconfigured this can also be used to tell us if * the country on the country IE changed. */ char country_ie_alpha2[2]; /* * the driver requests the regulatory core to set this regulatory * domain as the wiphy's. Only used for %REGULATORY_WIPHY_SELF_MANAGED * devices using the regulatory_set_wiphy_regd() API */ const struct ieee80211_regdomain *requested_regd; /* If a Country IE has been received this tells us the environment * which its telling us its in. This defaults to ENVIRON_ANY */ enum environment_cap env; /* wiphy index, internal only */ int wiphy_idx; /* protected by RTNL */ int devlist_generation, wdev_id; int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; struct list_head beacon_registrations; spinlock_t beacon_registrations_lock; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; int num_running_monitor_ifaces; u64 cookie_counter; /* BSSes/scanning */ spinlock_t bss_lock; struct list_head bss_list; struct rb_root bss_tree; u32 bss_generation; u32 bss_entries; struct cfg80211_scan_request *scan_req; /* protected by RTNL */ struct cfg80211_scan_request *int_scan_req; struct sk_buff *scan_msg; struct list_head sched_scan_req_list; time64_t suspend_at; struct work_struct scan_done_wk; struct genl_info *cur_cmd_info; struct work_struct conn_work; struct work_struct event_work; struct delayed_work dfs_update_channels_wk; /* netlink port which started critical protocol (0 means not started) */ u32 crit_proto_nlportid; struct cfg80211_coalesce *coalesce; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct work_struct sched_scan_stop_wk; struct work_struct sched_scan_res_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def radar_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_radar_detect_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def cac_done_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_cac_done_wk; struct work_struct mgmt_registrations_update_wk; /* lock for all wdev lists */ spinlock_t mgmt_registrations_lock; /* must be last because of the way we do wiphy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wiphy wiphy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg80211_registered_device *wiphy_to_rdev(struct wiphy *wiphy) { BUG_ON(!wiphy); return container_of(wiphy, struct cfg80211_registered_device, wiphy); } static inline void cfg80211_rdev_free_wowlan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { #ifdef CONFIG_PM int i; if (!rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config) return; for (i = 0; i < rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->n_patterns; i++) kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns[i].mask); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns); if (rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp && rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock) sock_release(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->nd_config); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config); #endif } static inline u64 cfg80211_assign_cookie(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { u64 r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; if (WARN_ON(r == 0)) r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; return r; } extern struct workqueue_struct *cfg80211_wq; extern struct list_head cfg80211_rdev_list; extern int cfg80211_rdev_list_generation; struct cfg80211_internal_bss { struct list_head list; struct list_head hidden_list; struct rb_node rbn; u64 ts_boottime; unsigned long ts; unsigned long refcount; atomic_t hold; /* time at the start of the reception of the first octet of the * timestamp field of the last beacon/probe received for this BSS. * The time is the TSF of the BSS specified by %parent_bssid. */ u64 parent_tsf; /* the BSS according to which %parent_tsf is set. This is set to * the BSS that the interface that requested the scan was connected to * when the beacon/probe was received. */ u8 parent_bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); /* must be last because of priv member */ struct cfg80211_bss pub; }; static inline struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss_from_pub(struct cfg80211_bss *pub) { return container_of(pub, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); } static inline void cfg80211_hold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { atomic_inc(&bss->hold); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); atomic_inc(&bss->hold); } } static inline void cfg80211_unhold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { int r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); } } struct cfg80211_registered_device *cfg80211_rdev_by_wiphy_idx(int wiphy_idx); int get_wiphy_idx(struct wiphy *wiphy); struct wiphy *wiphy_idx_to_wiphy(int wiphy_idx); int cfg80211_switch_netns(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); void cfg80211_init_wdev(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_register_wdev(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); static inline void wdev_lock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __acquires(wdev) { mutex_lock(&wdev->mtx); __acquire(wdev->mtx); } static inline void wdev_unlock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __releases(wdev) { __release(wdev->mtx); mutex_unlock(&wdev->mtx); } #define ASSERT_WDEV_LOCK(wdev) lockdep_assert_held(&(wdev)->mtx) static inline bool cfg80211_has_monitors_only(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); return rdev->num_running_ifaces == rdev->num_running_monitor_ifaces && rdev->num_running_ifaces > 0; } enum cfg80211_event_type { EVENT_CONNECT_RESULT, EVENT_ROAMED, EVENT_DISCONNECTED, EVENT_IBSS_JOINED, EVENT_STOPPED, EVENT_PORT_AUTHORIZED, }; struct cfg80211_event { struct list_head list; enum cfg80211_event_type type; union { struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params cr; struct cfg80211_roam_info rm; struct { const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u16 reason; bool locally_generated; } dc; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; struct ieee80211_channel *channel; } ij; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; } pa; }; }; struct cfg80211_cached_keys { struct key_params params[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS]; u8 data[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS][WLAN_KEY_LEN_WEP104]; int def; }; enum cfg80211_chan_mode { CHAN_MODE_UNDEFINED, CHAN_MODE_SHARED, CHAN_MODE_EXCLUSIVE, }; struct cfg80211_beacon_registration { struct list_head list; u32 nlportid; }; struct cfg80211_cqm_config { u32 rssi_hyst; s32 last_rssi_event_value; int n_rssi_thresholds; s32 rssi_thresholds[]; }; void cfg80211_destroy_ifaces(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* free object */ void cfg80211_dev_free(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); int cfg80211_dev_rename(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, char *newname); void ieee80211_set_bitrate_flags(struct wiphy *wiphy); void cfg80211_bss_expire(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_bss_age(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, unsigned long age_secs); void cfg80211_update_assoc_bss_entry(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); /* IBSS */ int __cfg80211_join_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_ibss_params *params, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys); void cfg80211_clear_ibss(struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int __cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); void __cfg80211_ibss_joined(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); int cfg80211_ibss_wext_join(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* mesh */ extern const struct mesh_config default_mesh_config; extern const struct mesh_setup default_mesh_setup; int __cfg80211_join_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct mesh_setup *setup, const struct mesh_config *conf); int __cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_set_mesh_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); /* OCB */ int __cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int __cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); /* AP */ int __cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); int cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); /* MLME */ int cfg80211_mlme_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, enum nl80211_auth_type auth_type, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, const u8 *key, int key_len, int key_idx, const u8 *auth_data, int auth_data_len); int cfg80211_mlme_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, struct cfg80211_assoc_request *req); int cfg80211_mlme_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); int cfg80211_mlme_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); void cfg80211_mlme_down(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_mlme_register_mgmt(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 snd_pid, u16 frame_type, const u8 *match_data, int match_len, bool multicast_rx, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void cfg80211_mgmt_registrations_update_wk(struct work_struct *wk); void cfg80211_mlme_unregister_socket(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid); void cfg80211_mlme_purge_registrations(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_mlme_mgmt_tx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_mgmt_tx_params *params, u64 *cookie); void cfg80211_oper_and_ht_capa(struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa, const struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa_mask); void cfg80211_oper_and_vht_capa(struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa, const struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa_mask); /* SME events */ int cfg80211_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_params *connect, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys, const u8 *prev_bssid); void __cfg80211_connect_result(struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_disconnected(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, u16 reason, bool from_ap); int cfg80211_disconnect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, u16 reason, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_roamed(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info); void __cfg80211_port_authorized(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *bssid); int cfg80211_mgd_wext_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_autodisconnect_wk(struct work_struct *work); /* SME implementation */ void cfg80211_conn_work(struct work_struct *work); void cfg80211_sme_scan_done(struct net_device *dev); bool cfg80211_sme_rx_assoc_resp(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u16 status); void cfg80211_sme_rx_auth(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len); void cfg80211_sme_disassoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_deauth(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_auth_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_assoc_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_abandon_assoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* internal helpers */ bool cfg80211_supported_cipher_suite(struct wiphy *wiphy, u32 cipher); bool cfg80211_valid_key_idx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, int key_idx, bool pairwise); int cfg80211_validate_key_settings(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct key_params *params, int key_idx, bool pairwise, const u8 *mac_addr); void __cfg80211_scan_done(struct work_struct *wk); void ___cfg80211_scan_done(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool send_message); void cfg80211_add_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req); int cfg80211_sched_scan_req_possible(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool want_multi); void cfg80211_sched_scan_results_wk(struct work_struct *work); int cfg80211_stop_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, bool driver_initiated); int __cfg80211_stop_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, u64 reqid, bool driver_initiated); void cfg80211_upload_connect_keys(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_change_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, enum nl80211_iftype ntype, struct vif_params *params); void cfg80211_process_rdev_events(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_process_wdev_events(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_does_bw_fit_range(const struct ieee80211_freq_range *freq_range, u32 center_freq_khz, u32 bw_khz); int cfg80211_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); extern struct work_struct cfg80211_disconnect_work; /** * cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable - checks if chandef is DFS usable * @wiphy: the wiphy to validate against * @chandef: the channel definition to check * * Checks if chandef is usable and we can/need start CAC on such channel. * * Return: true if all channels available and at least * one channel requires CAC (NL80211_DFS_USABLE) */ bool cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_set_dfs_state(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_dfs_state dfs_state); void cfg80211_dfs_channels_update_work(struct work_struct *work); unsigned int cfg80211_chandef_dfs_cac_time(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_sched_dfs_chan_update(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); bool cfg80211_any_wiphy_oper_chan(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); bool cfg80211_beaconing_iface_active(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_is_sub_chan(struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); static inline unsigned int elapsed_jiffies_msecs(unsigned long start) { unsigned long end = jiffies; if (end >= start) return jiffies_to_msecs(end - start); return jiffies_to_msecs(end + (ULONG_MAX - start) + 1); } void cfg80211_get_chan_state(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel **chan, enum cfg80211_chan_mode *chanmode, u8 *radar_detect); int cfg80211_set_monitor_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int ieee80211_get_ratemask(struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, const u8 *rates, unsigned int n_rates, u32 *mask); int cfg80211_validate_beacon_int(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_iftype iftype, u32 beacon_int); void cfg80211_update_iface_num(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_iftype iftype, int num); void __cfg80211_leave(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_leave(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_stop_p2p_device(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_stop_nan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); struct cfg80211_internal_bss * cfg80211_bss_update(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_internal_bss *tmp, bool signal_valid, unsigned long ts); #ifdef CONFIG_CFG80211_DEVELOPER_WARNINGS #define CFG80211_DEV_WARN_ON(cond) WARN_ON(cond) #else /* * Trick to enable using it as a condition, * and also not give a warning when it's * not used that way. */ #define CFG80211_DEV_WARN_ON(cond) ({bool __r = (cond); __r; }) #endif void cfg80211_cqm_config_free(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_release_pmsr(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 portid); void cfg80211_pmsr_wdev_down(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_pmsr_free_wk(struct work_struct *work); #endif /* __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM signal #if !defined(_TRACE_SIGNAL_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SIGNAL_H #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define TP_STORE_SIGINFO(__entry, info) \ do { \ if (info == SEND_SIG_NOINFO) { \ __entry->errno = 0; \ __entry->code = SI_USER; \ } else if (info == SEND_SIG_PRIV) { \ __entry->errno = 0; \ __entry->code = SI_KERNEL; \ } else { \ __entry->errno = info->si_errno; \ __entry->code = info->si_code; \ } \ } while (0) #ifndef TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ enum { TRACE_SIGNAL_DELIVERED, TRACE_SIGNAL_IGNORED, TRACE_SIGNAL_ALREADY_PENDING, TRACE_SIGNAL_OVERFLOW_FAIL, TRACE_SIGNAL_LOSE_INFO, }; #endif /** * signal_generate - called when a signal is generated * @sig: signal number * @info: pointer to struct siginfo * @task: pointer to struct task_struct * @group: shared or private * @result: TRACE_SIGNAL_* * * Current process sends a 'sig' signal to 'task' process with * 'info' siginfo. If 'info' is SEND_SIG_NOINFO or SEND_SIG_PRIV, * 'info' is not a pointer and you can't access its field. Instead, * SEND_SIG_NOINFO means that si_code is SI_USER, and SEND_SIG_PRIV * means that si_code is SI_KERNEL. */ TRACE_EVENT(signal_generate, TP_PROTO(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *task, int group, int result), TP_ARGS(sig, info, task, group, result), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, sig ) __field( int, errno ) __field( int, code ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, group ) __field( int, result ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->sig = sig; TP_STORE_SIGINFO(__entry, info); memcpy(__entry->comm, task->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = task->pid; __entry->group = group; __entry->result = result; ), TP_printk("sig=%d errno=%d code=%d comm=%s pid=%d grp=%d res=%d", __entry->sig, __entry->errno, __entry->code, __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->group, __entry->result) ); /** * signal_deliver - called when a signal is delivered * @sig: signal number * @info: pointer to struct siginfo * @ka: pointer to struct k_sigaction * * A 'sig' signal is delivered to current process with 'info' siginfo, * and it will be handled by 'ka'. ka->sa.sa_handler can be SIG_IGN or * SIG_DFL. * Note that some signals reported by signal_generate tracepoint can be * lost, ignored or modified (by debugger) before hitting this tracepoint. * This means, this can show which signals are actually delivered, but * matching generated signals and delivered signals may not be correct. */ TRACE_EVENT(signal_deliver, TP_PROTO(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct k_sigaction *ka), TP_ARGS(sig, info, ka), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, sig ) __field( int, errno ) __field( int, code ) __field( unsigned long, sa_handler ) __field( unsigned long, sa_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->sig = sig; TP_STORE_SIGINFO(__entry, info); __entry->sa_handler = (unsigned long)ka->sa.sa_handler; __entry->sa_flags = ka->sa.sa_flags; ), TP_printk("sig=%d errno=%d code=%d sa_handler=%lx sa_flags=%lx", __entry->sig, __entry->errno, __entry->code, __entry->sa_handler, __entry->sa_flags) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SIGNAL_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #define _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #include <linux/genhd.h> struct disk_stats { u64 nsecs[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long sectors[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long ios[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long merges[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long io_ticks; local_t in_flight[2]; }; /* * Macros to operate on percpu disk statistics: * * {disk|part|all}_stat_{add|sub|inc|dec}() modify the stat counters and should * be called between disk_stat_lock() and disk_stat_unlock(). * * part_stat_read() can be called at any time. */ #define part_stat_lock() preempt_disable() #define part_stat_unlock() preempt_enable() #define part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, cpu) \ (per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, (cpu))->field) #define part_stat_get(part, field) \ part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, smp_processor_id()) #define part_stat_read(part, field) \ ({ \ typeof((part)->dkstats->field) res = 0; \ unsigned int _cpu; \ for_each_possible_cpu(_cpu) \ res += per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, _cpu)->field; \ res; \ }) static inline void part_stat_set_all(struct hd_struct *part, int value) { int i; for_each_possible_cpu(i) memset(per_cpu_ptr(part->dkstats, i), value, sizeof(struct disk_stats)); } #define part_stat_read_accum(part, field) \ (part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_READ]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_WRITE]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_DISCARD])) #define __part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) \ __this_cpu_add((part)->dkstats->field, addnd) #define part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) do { \ __part_stat_add((part), field, addnd); \ if ((part)->partno) \ __part_stat_add(&part_to_disk((part))->part0, \ field, addnd); \ } while (0) #define part_stat_dec(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -1) #define part_stat_inc(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, 1) #define part_stat_sub(gendiskp, field, subnd) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -subnd) #define part_stat_local_dec(gendiskp, field) \ local_dec(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_inc(gendiskp, field) \ local_inc(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read(gendiskp, field) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu))) #endif /* _LINUX_PART_STAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #define _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #include <asm/desc.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #include <trace/events/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/paravirt.h> #include <asm/debugreg.h> extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id; #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_never_available_key); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_always_available_key); void cr4_update_pce(void *ignored); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL /* * ldt_structs can be allocated, used, and freed, but they are never * modified while live. */ struct ldt_struct { /* * Xen requires page-aligned LDTs with special permissions. This is * needed to prevent us from installing evil descriptors such as * call gates. On native, we could merge the ldt_struct and LDT * allocations, but it's not worth trying to optimize. */ struct desc_struct *entries; unsigned int nr_entries; /* * If PTI is in use, then the entries array is not mapped while we're * in user mode. The whole array will be aliased at the addressed * given by ldt_slot_va(slot). We use two slots so that we can allocate * and map, and enable a new LDT without invalidating the mapping * of an older, still-in-use LDT. * * slot will be -1 if this LDT doesn't have an alias mapping. */ int slot; }; /* * Used for LDT copy/destruction. */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->context.ldt = NULL; init_rwsem(&mm->context.ldt_usr_sem); } int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm); void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else /* CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL extern void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next); #else static inline void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { clear_LDT(); } static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); } #endif extern void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk); /* * Init a new mm. Used on mm copies, like at fork() * and on mm's that are brand-new, like at execve(). */ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { mutex_init(&mm->context.lock); mm->context.ctx_id = atomic64_inc_return(&last_mm_ctx_id); atomic64_set(&mm->context.tlb_gen, 0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) { /* pkey 0 is the default and allocated implicitly */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = 0x1; /* -1 means unallocated or invalid */ mm->context.execute_only_pkey = -1; } #endif init_new_context_ldt(mm); return 0; } static inline void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm) { destroy_context_ldt(mm); } extern void switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); extern void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); #define switch_mm_irqs_off switch_mm_irqs_off #define activate_mm(prev, next) \ do { \ paravirt_activate_mm((prev), (next)); \ switch_mm((prev), (next), NULL); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ lazy_load_gs(0); \ } while (0) #else #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ load_gs_index(0); \ loadsegment(fs, 0); \ } while (0) #endif static inline void arch_dup_pkeys(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* Duplicate the oldmm pkey state in mm: */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = oldmm->context.pkey_allocation_map; mm->context.execute_only_pkey = oldmm->context.execute_only_pkey; #endif } static inline int arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { arch_dup_pkeys(oldmm, mm); paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); return ldt_dup_context(oldmm, mm); } static inline void arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); ldt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) || !(mm->context.ia32_compat == TIF_IA32); } #else static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return false; } #endif static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { } /* * We only want to enforce protection keys on the current process * because we effectively have no access to PKRU for other * processes or any way to tell *which * PKRU in a threaded * process we could use. * * So do not enforce things if the VMA is not from the current * mm, or if we are in a kernel thread. */ static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool write, bool execute, bool foreign) { /* pkeys never affect instruction fetches */ if (execute) return true; /* allow access if the VMA is not one from this process */ if (foreign || vma_is_foreign(vma)) return true; return __pkru_allows_pkey(vma_pkey(vma), write); } unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void); #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TIMEKEEPING_H #define _LINUX_TIMEKEEPING_H #include <linux/errno.h> /* Included from linux/ktime.h */ void timekeeping_init(void); extern int timekeeping_suspended; /* Architecture timer tick functions: */ extern void update_process_times(int user); extern void xtime_update(unsigned long ticks); /* * Get and set timeofday */ extern int do_settimeofday64(const struct timespec64 *ts); extern int do_sys_settimeofday64(const struct timespec64 *tv, const struct timezone *tz); /* * ktime_get() family: read the current time in a multitude of ways, * * The default time reference is CLOCK_MONOTONIC, starting at * boot time but not counting the time spent in suspend. * For other references, use the functions with "real", "clocktai", * "boottime" and "raw" suffixes. * * To get the time in a different format, use the ones wit * "ns", "ts64" and "seconds" suffix. * * See Documentation/core-api/timekeeping.rst for more details. */ /* * timespec64 based interfaces */ extern void ktime_get_raw_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); extern void ktime_get_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); extern void ktime_get_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *tv); extern void ktime_get_coarse_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); extern void ktime_get_coarse_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts); void getboottime64(struct timespec64 *ts); /* * time64_t base interfaces */ extern time64_t ktime_get_seconds(void); extern time64_t __ktime_get_real_seconds(void); extern time64_t ktime_get_real_seconds(void); /* * ktime_t based interfaces */ enum tk_offsets { TK_OFFS_REAL, TK_OFFS_BOOT, TK_OFFS_TAI, TK_OFFS_MAX, }; extern ktime_t ktime_get(void); extern ktime_t ktime_get_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs); extern ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs); extern ktime_t ktime_mono_to_any(ktime_t tmono, enum tk_offsets offs); extern ktime_t ktime_get_raw(void); extern u32 ktime_get_resolution_ns(void); /** * ktime_get_real - get the real (wall-) time in ktime_t format */ static inline ktime_t ktime_get_real(void) { return ktime_get_with_offset(TK_OFFS_REAL); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_real(void) { return ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(TK_OFFS_REAL); } /** * ktime_get_boottime - Returns monotonic time since boot in ktime_t format * * This is similar to CLOCK_MONTONIC/ktime_get, but also includes the * time spent in suspend. */ static inline ktime_t ktime_get_boottime(void) { return ktime_get_with_offset(TK_OFFS_BOOT); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_boottime(void) { return ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(TK_OFFS_BOOT); } /** * ktime_get_clocktai - Returns the TAI time of day in ktime_t format */ static inline ktime_t ktime_get_clocktai(void) { return ktime_get_with_offset(TK_OFFS_TAI); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_clocktai(void) { return ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(TK_OFFS_TAI); } static inline ktime_t ktime_get_coarse(void) { struct timespec64 ts; ktime_get_coarse_ts64(&ts); return timespec64_to_ktime(ts); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_real_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse_real()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_boottime_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse_boottime()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_coarse_clocktai_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_coarse_clocktai()); } /** * ktime_mono_to_real - Convert monotonic time to clock realtime */ static inline ktime_t ktime_mono_to_real(ktime_t mono) { return ktime_mono_to_any(mono, TK_OFFS_REAL); } static inline u64 ktime_get_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_real_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_real()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_boottime_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_boottime()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_clocktai_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_clocktai()); } static inline u64 ktime_get_raw_ns(void) { return ktime_to_ns(ktime_get_raw()); } extern u64 ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(void); extern u64 ktime_get_raw_fast_ns(void); extern u64 ktime_get_boot_fast_ns(void); extern u64 ktime_get_real_fast_ns(void); /* * timespec64/time64_t interfaces utilizing the ktime based ones * for API completeness, these could be implemented more efficiently * if needed. */ static inline void ktime_get_boottime_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_boottime()); } static inline void ktime_get_coarse_boottime_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_coarse_boottime()); } static inline time64_t ktime_get_boottime_seconds(void) { return ktime_divns(ktime_get_coarse_boottime(), NSEC_PER_SEC); } static inline void ktime_get_clocktai_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_clocktai()); } static inline void ktime_get_coarse_clocktai_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(ktime_get_coarse_clocktai()); } static inline time64_t ktime_get_clocktai_seconds(void) { return ktime_divns(ktime_get_coarse_clocktai(), NSEC_PER_SEC); } /* * RTC specific */ extern bool timekeeping_rtc_skipsuspend(void); extern bool timekeeping_rtc_skipresume(void); extern void timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64(const struct timespec64 *delta); /* * struct ktime_timestanps - Simultaneous mono/boot/real timestamps * @mono: Monotonic timestamp * @boot: Boottime timestamp * @real: Realtime timestamp */ struct ktime_timestamps { u64 mono; u64 boot; u64 real; }; /** * struct system_time_snapshot - simultaneous raw/real time capture with * counter value * @cycles: Clocksource counter value to produce the system times * @real: Realtime system time * @raw: Monotonic raw system time * @clock_was_set_seq: The sequence number of clock was set events * @cs_was_changed_seq: The sequence number of clocksource change events */ struct system_time_snapshot { u64 cycles; ktime_t real; ktime_t raw; unsigned int clock_was_set_seq; u8 cs_was_changed_seq; }; /** * struct system_device_crosststamp - system/device cross-timestamp * (synchronized capture) * @device: Device time * @sys_realtime: Realtime simultaneous with device time * @sys_monoraw: Monotonic raw simultaneous with device time */ struct system_device_crosststamp { ktime_t device; ktime_t sys_realtime; ktime_t sys_monoraw; }; /** * struct system_counterval_t - system counter value with the pointer to the * corresponding clocksource * @cycles: System counter value * @cs: Clocksource corresponding to system counter value. Used by * timekeeping code to verify comparibility of two cycle values */ struct system_counterval_t { u64 cycles; struct clocksource *cs; }; /* * Get cross timestamp between system clock and device clock */ extern int get_device_system_crosststamp( int (*get_time_fn)(ktime_t *device_time, struct system_counterval_t *system_counterval, void *ctx), void *ctx, struct system_time_snapshot *history, struct system_device_crosststamp *xtstamp); /* * Simultaneously snapshot realtime and monotonic raw clocks */ extern void ktime_get_snapshot(struct system_time_snapshot *systime_snapshot); /* NMI safe mono/boot/realtime timestamps */ extern void ktime_get_fast_timestamps(struct ktime_timestamps *snap); /* * Persistent clock related interfaces */ extern int persistent_clock_is_local; extern void read_persistent_clock64(struct timespec64 *ts); void read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset(struct timespec64 *wall_clock, struct timespec64 *boot_offset); extern int update_persistent_clock64(struct timespec64 now); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_INTERNAL_H #define BLK_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include "blk-crypto-internal.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" /* Max future timer expiry for timeouts */ #define BLK_MAX_TIMEOUT (5 * HZ) extern struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; struct blk_flush_queue { unsigned int flush_pending_idx:1; unsigned int flush_running_idx:1; blk_status_t rq_status; unsigned long flush_pending_since; struct list_head flush_queue[2]; struct list_head flush_data_in_flight; struct request *flush_rq; struct lock_class_key key; spinlock_t mq_flush_lock; }; extern struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; extern struct kobj_type blk_queue_ktype; extern struct ida blk_queue_ida; static inline struct blk_flush_queue * blk_get_flush_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { return blk_mq_map_queue(q, REQ_OP_FLUSH, ctx)->fq; } static inline void __blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_get(&q->kobj); } bool is_flush_rq(struct request *req); struct blk_flush_queue *blk_alloc_flush_queue(int node, int cmd_size, gfp_t flags); void blk_free_flush_queue(struct blk_flush_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool biovec_phys_mergeable(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *vec1, struct bio_vec *vec2) { unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(vec1->bv_page) + vec1->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(vec2->bv_page) + vec2->bv_offset; if (addr1 + vec1->bv_len != addr2) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(vec1, vec2->bv_page)) return false; if ((addr1 | mask) != ((addr2 + vec2->bv_len - 1) | mask)) return false; return true; } static inline bool __bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { return (offset & queue_virt_boundary(q)) || ((bprv->bv_offset + bprv->bv_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q)); } /* * Check if adding a bio_vec after bprv with offset would create a gap in * the SG list. Most drivers don't care about this, but some do. */ static inline bool bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { if (!queue_virt_boundary(q)) return false; return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bprv, offset); } static inline void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { rq->nr_phys_segments = nr_segs; rq->__data_len = bio->bi_iter.bi_size; rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; rq->ioprio = bio_prio(bio); if (bio->bi_disk) rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_disk; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY void blk_flush_integrity(void); bool __bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *); void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio); static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) return __bio_integrity_endio(bio); return true; } bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct request *); bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct bio *); static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(req->bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(next); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(req->bio); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *); void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r1, struct request *r2) { return true; } static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r, struct bio *b) { return true; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { return false; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { return false; } static inline void blk_flush_integrity(void) { } static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *disk) { } static inline void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ unsigned long blk_rq_timeout(unsigned long timeout); void blk_add_timer(struct request *req); bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **same_queue_rq); bool blk_bio_list_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); void blk_account_io_start(struct request *req); void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now); /* * Internal elevator interface */ #define ELV_ON_HASH(rq) ((rq)->rq_flags & RQF_HASHED) void blk_insert_flush(struct request *rq); void elevator_init_mq(struct request_queue *q); int elevator_switch_mq(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *new_e); void __elevator_exit(struct request_queue *, struct elevator_queue *); int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q, bool uevent); void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline void elevator_exit(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->sysfs_lock); blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); __elevator_exit(q, e); } struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); ssize_t part_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_stat_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_inflight_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t part_timeout_show(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, char *); ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, const char *, size_t); void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs); int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct request *next); unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq); void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq); bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); int blk_dev_init(void); /* * Contribute to IO statistics IFF: * * a) it's attached to a gendisk, and * b) the queue had IO stats enabled when this request was started */ static inline bool blk_do_io_stat(struct request *rq) { return rq->rq_disk && (rq->rq_flags & RQF_IO_STAT); } static inline void req_set_nomerge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req) { req->cmd_flags |= REQ_NOMERGE; if (req == q->last_merge) q->last_merge = NULL; } /* * The max size one bio can handle is UINT_MAX becasue bvec_iter.bi_size * is defined as 'unsigned int', meantime it has to aligned to with logical * block size which is the minimum accepted unit by hardware. */ static inline unsigned int bio_allowed_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, queue_logical_block_size(q)) >> 9; } /* * The max bio size which is aligned to q->limits.discard_granularity. This * is a hint to split large discard bio in generic block layer, then if device * driver needs to split the discard bio into smaller ones, their bi_size can * be very probably and easily aligned to discard_granularity of the device's * queue. */ static inline unsigned int bio_aligned_discard_max_sectors( struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, q->limits.discard_granularity) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Internal io_context interface */ void get_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); struct io_cq *ioc_lookup_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q); struct io_cq *ioc_create_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q, gfp_t gfp_mask); void ioc_clear_queue(struct request_queue *q); int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node); /* * Internal throttling interface */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio); bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio) { } static inline bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page); extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count); extern void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time); #else static inline void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BOUNCE extern int init_emergency_isa_pool(void); extern void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio); #else static inline int init_emergency_isa_pool(void) { return 0; } static inline void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BOUNCE */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOLATENCY extern int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_pages, gfp_t gfp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q) {} #endif struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector); int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt); void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt); void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt); char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf); #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE 0 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID 1 #define ADDPART_FLAG_WHOLEDISK 2 void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part); int bdev_add_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno); int bdev_resize_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int target); int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part); /* no need to get/put refcount of part0 */ static inline int hd_struct_try_get(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) return percpu_ref_tryget_live(&part->ref); return 1; } static inline void hd_struct_put(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) percpu_ref_put(&part->ref); } static inline void hd_free_part(struct hd_struct *part) { free_percpu(part->dkstats); kfree(part->info); percpu_ref_exit(&part->ref); } /* * Any access of part->nr_sects which is not protected by partition * bd_mutex or gendisk bdev bd_mutex, should be done using this * accessor function. * * Code written along the lines of i_size_read() and i_size_write(). * CONFIG_PREEMPTION case optimizes the case of UP kernel with preemption * on. */ static inline sector_t part_nr_sects_read(struct hd_struct *part) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) sector_t nr_sects; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&part->nr_sects_seq, seq)); return nr_sects; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) sector_t nr_sects; preempt_disable(); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; preempt_enable(); return nr_sects; #else return part->nr_sects; #endif } /* * Should be called with mutex lock held (typically bd_mutex) of partition * to provide mutual exlusion among writers otherwise seqcount might be * left in wrong state leaving the readers spinning infinitely. */ static inline void part_nr_sects_write(struct hd_struct *part, sector_t size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); part->nr_sects = size; write_seqcount_end(&part->nr_sects_seq); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); part->nr_sects = size; preempt_enable(); #else part->nr_sects = size; #endif } int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page); #endif /* BLK_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common header file for generic dynamic events. */ #ifndef _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #define _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include "trace.h" struct dyn_event; /** * struct dyn_event_operations - Methods for each type of dynamic events * * These methods must be set for each type, since there is no default method. * Before using this for dyn_event_init(), it must be registered by * dyn_event_register(). * * @create: Parse and create event method. This is invoked when user passes * a event definition to dynamic_events interface. This must not destruct * the arguments and return -ECANCELED if given arguments doesn't match its * command prefix. * @show: Showing method. This is invoked when user reads the event definitions * via dynamic_events interface. * @is_busy: Check whether given event is busy so that it can not be deleted. * Return true if it is busy, otherwides false. * @free: Delete the given event. Return 0 if success, otherwides error. * @match: Check whether given event and system name match this event. The argc * and argv is used for exact match. Return true if it matches, otherwides * false. * * Except for @create, these methods are called under holding event_mutex. */ struct dyn_event_operations { struct list_head list; int (*create)(int argc, const char *argv[]); int (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*is_busy)(struct dyn_event *ev); int (*free)(struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*match)(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev); }; /* Register new dyn_event type -- must be called at first */ int dyn_event_register(struct dyn_event_operations *ops); /** * struct dyn_event - Dynamic event list header * * The dyn_event structure encapsulates a list and a pointer to the operators * for making a global list of dynamic events. * User must includes this in each event structure, so that those events can * be added/removed via dynamic_events interface. */ struct dyn_event { struct list_head list; struct dyn_event_operations *ops; }; extern struct list_head dyn_event_list; static inline int dyn_event_init(struct dyn_event *ev, struct dyn_event_operations *ops) { if (!ev || !ops) return -EINVAL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ev->list); ev->ops = ops; return 0; } static inline int dyn_event_add(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); if (!ev || !ev->ops) return -EINVAL; list_add_tail(&ev->list, &dyn_event_list); return 0; } static inline void dyn_event_remove(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); list_del_init(&ev->list); } void *dyn_event_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void *dyn_event_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); void dyn_event_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v); int dyn_events_release_all(struct dyn_event_operations *type); int dyn_event_release(int argc, char **argv, struct dyn_event_operations *type); /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * * This is just a basement of for_each macro. Wrap this for * each actual event structure with ops filtering. */ #define for_each_dyn_event(pos) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &dyn_event_list, list) /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list safely * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * @n: the struct dyn_event * to use as temporary storage */ #define for_each_dyn_event_safe(pos, n) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &dyn_event_list, list) extern void dynevent_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen, enum dynevent_type type, dynevent_create_fn_t run_command); typedef int (*dynevent_check_arg_fn_t)(void *data); struct dynevent_arg { const char *str; char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_init(struct dynevent_arg *arg, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg *arg, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); struct dynevent_arg_pair { const char *lhs; const char *rhs; char operator; /* e.g. '=' or nothing */ char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_pair_init(struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, char operator, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_pair_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); extern int dynevent_str_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *str); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM exceptions #if !defined(_TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <asm/trace/common.h> extern int trace_pagefault_reg(void); extern void trace_pagefault_unreg(void); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(x86_exceptions, TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code), TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, address ) __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( unsigned long, error_code ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->address = address; __entry->ip = regs->ip; __entry->error_code = error_code; ), TP_printk("address=%ps ip=%ps error_code=0x%lx", (void *)__entry->address, (void *)__entry->ip, __entry->error_code) ); #define DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT_FN(x86_exceptions, name, \ TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, \ unsigned long error_code), \ TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), \ trace_pagefault_reg, trace_pagefault_unreg); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_user); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_kernel); #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH . #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE exceptions #endif /* _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #define _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h> #define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK (SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_SPEC_ALLOW | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_NEW_LISTENER | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC_ESRCH) /* sizeof() the first published struct seccomp_notif_addfd */ #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 24 #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_LATEST SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/seccomp.h> struct seccomp_filter; /** * struct seccomp - the state of a seccomp'ed process * * @mode: indicates one of the valid values above for controlled * system calls available to a process. * @filter: must always point to a valid seccomp-filter or NULL as it is * accessed without locking during system call entry. * * @filter must only be accessed from the context of current as there * is no read locking. */ struct seccomp { int mode; atomic_t filter_count; struct seccomp_filter *filter; }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER extern int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd); static inline int secure_computing(void) { if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SECCOMP))) return __secure_computing(NULL); return 0; } #else extern void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall); #endif extern long prctl_get_seccomp(void); extern long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long, void __user *); static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return s->mode; } #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #include <linux/errno.h> struct seccomp { }; struct seccomp_filter { }; struct seccomp_data; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER static inline int secure_computing(void) { return 0; } static inline int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd) { return 0; } #else static inline void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall) { return; } #endif static inline long prctl_get_seccomp(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long arg2, char __user *arg3) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER extern void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk); #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ static inline void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } static inline void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ #if defined(CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER) && defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) extern long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); extern long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); #else static inline long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long n, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER && CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */ #endif /* _LINUX_SECCOMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 /* BlueZ - Bluetooth protocol stack for Linux Copyright (C) 2000-2001 Qualcomm Incorporated Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Gustavo F. Padovan <gustavo@padovan.org> Copyright (C) 2010 Google Inc. Written 2000,2001 by Maxim Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation; THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) AND AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, OR ANY SPECIAL INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS, RELATING TO USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IS DISCLAIMED. */ #ifndef __L2CAP_H #define __L2CAP_H #include <asm/unaligned.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* L2CAP defaults */ #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_MTU 672 #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_MIN_MTU 48 #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_FLUSH_TO 0xFFFF #define L2CAP_EFS_DEFAULT_FLUSH_TO 0xFFFFFFFF #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_TX_WINDOW 63 #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_EXT_WINDOW 0x3FFF #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_MAX_TX 3 #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_RETRANS_TO 2000 /* 2 seconds */ #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_MONITOR_TO 12000 /* 12 seconds */ #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_MAX_PDU_SIZE 1492 /* Sized for AMP packet */ #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_ACK_TO 200 #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_MAX_SDU_SIZE 0xFFFF #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_SDU_ITIME 0xFFFFFFFF #define L2CAP_DEFAULT_ACC_LAT 0xFFFFFFFF #define L2CAP_BREDR_MAX_PAYLOAD 1019 /* 3-DH5 packet */ #define L2CAP_LE_MIN_MTU 23 #define L2CAP_ECRED_CONN_SCID_MAX 5 #define L2CAP_DISC_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(100) #define L2CAP_DISC_REJ_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(5000) #define L2CAP_ENC_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(5000) #define L2CAP_CONN_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(40000) #define L2CAP_INFO_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(4000) #define L2CAP_MOVE_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(4000) #define L2CAP_MOVE_ERTX_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(60000) #define L2CAP_WAIT_ACK_POLL_PERIOD msecs_to_jiffies(200) #define L2CAP_WAIT_ACK_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(10000) #define L2CAP_A2MP_DEFAULT_MTU 670 /* L2CAP socket address */ struct sockaddr_l2 { sa_family_t l2_family; __le16 l2_psm; bdaddr_t l2_bdaddr; __le16 l2_cid; __u8 l2_bdaddr_type; }; /* L2CAP socket options */ #define L2CAP_OPTIONS 0x01 struct l2cap_options { __u16 omtu; __u16 imtu; __u16 flush_to; __u8 mode; __u8 fcs; __u8 max_tx; __u16 txwin_size; }; #define L2CAP_CONNINFO 0x02 struct l2cap_conninfo { __u16 hci_handle; __u8 dev_class[3]; }; #define L2CAP_LM 0x03 #define L2CAP_LM_MASTER 0x0001 #define L2CAP_LM_AUTH 0x0002 #define L2CAP_LM_ENCRYPT 0x0004 #define L2CAP_LM_TRUSTED 0x0008 #define L2CAP_LM_RELIABLE 0x0010 #define L2CAP_LM_SECURE 0x0020 #define L2CAP_LM_FIPS 0x0040 /* L2CAP command codes */ #define L2CAP_COMMAND_REJ 0x01 #define L2CAP_CONN_REQ 0x02 #define L2CAP_CONN_RSP 0x03 #define L2CAP_CONF_REQ 0x04 #define L2CAP_CONF_RSP 0x05 #define L2CAP_DISCONN_REQ 0x06 #define L2CAP_DISCONN_RSP 0x07 #define L2CAP_ECHO_REQ 0x08 #define L2CAP_ECHO_RSP 0x09 #define L2CAP_INFO_REQ 0x0a #define L2CAP_INFO_RSP 0x0b #define L2CAP_CREATE_CHAN_REQ 0x0c #define L2CAP_CREATE_CHAN_RSP 0x0d #define L2CAP_MOVE_CHAN_REQ 0x0e #define L2CAP_MOVE_CHAN_RSP 0x0f #define L2CAP_MOVE_CHAN_CFM 0x10 #define L2CAP_MOVE_CHAN_CFM_RSP 0x11 #define L2CAP_CONN_PARAM_UPDATE_REQ 0x12 #define L2CAP_CONN_PARAM_UPDATE_RSP 0x13 #define L2CAP_LE_CONN_REQ 0x14 #define L2CAP_LE_CONN_RSP 0x15 #define L2CAP_LE_CREDITS 0x16 #define L2CAP_ECRED_CONN_REQ 0x17 #define L2CAP_ECRED_CONN_RSP 0x18 #define L2CAP_ECRED_RECONF_REQ 0x19 #define L2CAP_ECRED_RECONF_RSP 0x1a /* L2CAP extended feature mask */ #define L2CAP_FEAT_FLOWCTL 0x00000001 #define L2CAP_FEAT_RETRANS 0x00000002 #define L2CAP_FEAT_BIDIR_QOS 0x00000004 #define L2CAP_FEAT_ERTM 0x00000008 #define L2CAP_FEAT_STREAMING 0x00000010 #define L2CAP_FEAT_FCS 0x00000020 #define L2CAP_FEAT_EXT_FLOW 0x00000040 #define L2CAP_FEAT_FIXED_CHAN 0x00000080 #define L2CAP_FEAT_EXT_WINDOW 0x00000100 #define L2CAP_FEAT_UCD 0x00000200 /* L2CAP checksum option */ #define L2CAP_FCS_NONE 0x00 #define L2CAP_FCS_CRC16 0x01 /* L2CAP fixed channels */ #define L2CAP_FC_SIG_BREDR 0x02 #define L2CAP_FC_CONNLESS 0x04 #define L2CAP_FC_A2MP 0x08 #define L2CAP_FC_ATT 0x10 #define L2CAP_FC_SIG_LE 0x20 #define L2CAP_FC_SMP_LE 0x40 #define L2CAP_FC_SMP_BREDR 0x80 /* L2CAP Control Field bit masks */ #define L2CAP_CTRL_SAR 0xC000 #define L2CAP_CTRL_REQSEQ 0x3F00 #define L2CAP_CTRL_TXSEQ 0x007E #define L2CAP_CTRL_SUPERVISE 0x000C #define L2CAP_CTRL_RETRANS 0x0080 #define L2CAP_CTRL_FINAL 0x0080 #define L2CAP_CTRL_POLL 0x0010 #define L2CAP_CTRL_FRAME_TYPE 0x0001 /* I- or S-Frame */ #define L2CAP_CTRL_TXSEQ_SHIFT 1 #define L2CAP_CTRL_SUPER_SHIFT 2 #define L2CAP_CTRL_POLL_SHIFT 4 #define L2CAP_CTRL_FINAL_SHIFT 7 #define L2CAP_CTRL_REQSEQ_SHIFT 8 #define L2CAP_CTRL_SAR_SHIFT 14 /* L2CAP Extended Control Field bit mask */ #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_TXSEQ 0xFFFC0000 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_SAR 0x00030000 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_SUPERVISE 0x00030000 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_REQSEQ 0x0000FFFC #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_POLL 0x00040000 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_FINAL 0x00000002 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_FRAME_TYPE 0x00000001 /* I- or S-Frame */ #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_FINAL_SHIFT 1 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_REQSEQ_SHIFT 2 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_SAR_SHIFT 16 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_SUPER_SHIFT 16 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_POLL_SHIFT 18 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_TXSEQ_SHIFT 18 /* L2CAP Supervisory Function */ #define L2CAP_SUPER_RR 0x00 #define L2CAP_SUPER_REJ 0x01 #define L2CAP_SUPER_RNR 0x02 #define L2CAP_SUPER_SREJ 0x03 /* L2CAP Segmentation and Reassembly */ #define L2CAP_SAR_UNSEGMENTED 0x00 #define L2CAP_SAR_START 0x01 #define L2CAP_SAR_END 0x02 #define L2CAP_SAR_CONTINUE 0x03 /* L2CAP Command rej. reasons */ #define L2CAP_REJ_NOT_UNDERSTOOD 0x0000 #define L2CAP_REJ_MTU_EXCEEDED 0x0001 #define L2CAP_REJ_INVALID_CID 0x0002 /* L2CAP structures */ struct l2cap_hdr { __le16 len; __le16 cid; } __packed; #define L2CAP_HDR_SIZE 4 #define L2CAP_ENH_HDR_SIZE 6 #define L2CAP_EXT_HDR_SIZE 8 #define L2CAP_FCS_SIZE 2 #define L2CAP_SDULEN_SIZE 2 #define L2CAP_PSMLEN_SIZE 2 #define L2CAP_ENH_CTRL_SIZE 2 #define L2CAP_EXT_CTRL_SIZE 4 struct l2cap_cmd_hdr { __u8 code; __u8 ident; __le16 len; } __packed; #define L2CAP_CMD_HDR_SIZE 4 struct l2cap_cmd_rej_unk { __le16 reason; } __packed; struct l2cap_cmd_rej_mtu { __le16 reason; __le16 max_mtu; } __packed; struct l2cap_cmd_rej_cid { __le16 reason; __le16 scid; __le16 dcid; } __packed; struct l2cap_conn_req { __le16 psm; __le16 scid; } __packed; struct l2cap_conn_rsp { __le16 dcid; __le16 scid; __le16 result; __le16 status; } __packed; /* protocol/service multiplexer (PSM) */ #define L2CAP_PSM_SDP 0x0001 #define L2CAP_PSM_RFCOMM 0x0003 #define L2CAP_PSM_3DSP 0x0021 #define L2CAP_PSM_IPSP 0x0023 /* 6LoWPAN */ #define L2CAP_PSM_DYN_START 0x1001 #define L2CAP_PSM_DYN_END 0xffff #define L2CAP_PSM_AUTO_END 0x10ff #define L2CAP_PSM_LE_DYN_START 0x0080 #define L2CAP_PSM_LE_DYN_END 0x00ff /* channel identifier */ #define L2CAP_CID_SIGNALING 0x0001 #define L2CAP_CID_CONN_LESS 0x0002 #define L2CAP_CID_A2MP 0x0003 #define L2CAP_CID_ATT 0x0004 #define L2CAP_CID_LE_SIGNALING 0x0005 #define L2CAP_CID_SMP 0x0006 #define L2CAP_CID_SMP_BREDR 0x0007 #define L2CAP_CID_DYN_START 0x0040 #define L2CAP_CID_DYN_END 0xffff #define L2CAP_CID_LE_DYN_END 0x007f /* connect/create channel results */ #define L2CAP_CR_SUCCESS 0x0000 #define L2CAP_CR_PEND 0x0001 #define L2CAP_CR_BAD_PSM 0x0002 #define L2CAP_CR_SEC_BLOCK 0x0003 #define L2CAP_CR_NO_MEM 0x0004 #define L2CAP_CR_BAD_AMP 0x0005 #define L2CAP_CR_INVALID_SCID 0x0006 #define L2CAP_CR_SCID_IN_USE 0x0007 /* credit based connect results */ #define L2CAP_CR_LE_SUCCESS 0x0000 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_BAD_PSM 0x0002 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_NO_MEM 0x0004 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_AUTHENTICATION 0x0005 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_AUTHORIZATION 0x0006 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_BAD_KEY_SIZE 0x0007 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_ENCRYPTION 0x0008 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_INVALID_SCID 0x0009 #define L2CAP_CR_LE_SCID_IN_USE 0X000A #define L2CAP_CR_LE_UNACCEPT_PARAMS 0X000B #define L2CAP_CR_LE_INVALID_PARAMS 0X000C /* connect/create channel status */ #define L2CAP_CS_NO_INFO 0x0000 #define L2CAP_CS_AUTHEN_PEND 0x0001 #define L2CAP_CS_AUTHOR_PEND 0x0002 struct l2cap_conf_req { __le16 dcid; __le16 flags; __u8 data[]; } __packed; struct l2cap_conf_rsp { __le16 scid; __le16 flags; __le16 result; __u8 data[]; } __packed; #define L2CAP_CONF_SUCCESS 0x0000 #define L2CAP_CONF_UNACCEPT 0x0001 #define L2CAP_CONF_REJECT 0x0002 #define L2CAP_CONF_UNKNOWN 0x0003 #define L2CAP_CONF_PENDING 0x0004 #define L2CAP_CONF_EFS_REJECT 0x0005 /* configuration req/rsp continuation flag */ #define L2CAP_CONF_FLAG_CONTINUATION 0x0001 struct l2cap_conf_opt { __u8 type; __u8 len; __u8 val[]; } __packed; #define L2CAP_CONF_OPT_SIZE 2 #define L2CAP_CONF_HINT 0x80 #define L2CAP_CONF_MASK 0x7f #define L2CAP_CONF_MTU 0x01 #define L2CAP_CONF_FLUSH_TO 0x02 #define L2CAP_CONF_QOS 0x03 #define L2CAP_CONF_RFC 0x04 #define L2CAP_CONF_FCS 0x05 #define L2CAP_CONF_EFS 0x06 #define L2CAP_CONF_EWS 0x07 #define L2CAP_CONF_MAX_SIZE 22 struct l2cap_conf_rfc { __u8 mode; __u8 txwin_size; __u8 max_transmit; __le16 retrans_timeout; __le16 monitor_timeout; __le16 max_pdu_size; } __packed; #define L2CAP_MODE_BASIC 0x00 #define L2CAP_MODE_RETRANS 0x01 #define L2CAP_MODE_FLOWCTL 0x02 #define L2CAP_MODE_ERTM 0x03 #define L2CAP_MODE_STREAMING 0x04 /* Unlike the above this one doesn't actually map to anything that would * ever be sent over the air. Therefore, use a value that's unlikely to * ever be used in the BR/EDR configuration phase. */ #define L2CAP_MODE_LE_FLOWCTL 0x80 #define L2CAP_MODE_EXT_FLOWCTL 0x81 struct l2cap_conf_efs { __u8 id; __u8 stype; __le16 msdu; __le32 sdu_itime; __le32 acc_lat; __le32 flush_to; } __packed; #define L2CAP_SERV_NOTRAFIC 0x00 #define L2CAP_SERV_BESTEFFORT 0x01 #define L2CAP_SERV_GUARANTEED 0x02 #define L2CAP_BESTEFFORT_ID 0x01 struct l2cap_disconn_req { __le16 dcid; __le16 scid; } __packed; struct l2cap_disconn_rsp { __le16 dcid; __le16 scid; } __packed; struct l2cap_info_req { __le16 type; } __packed; struct l2cap_info_rsp { __le16 type; __le16 result; __u8 data[]; } __packed; struct l2cap_create_chan_req { __le16 psm; __le16 scid; __u8 amp_id; } __packed; struct l2cap_create_chan_rsp { __le16 dcid; __le16 scid; __le16 result; __le16 status; } __packed; struct l2cap_move_chan_req { __le16 icid; __u8 dest_amp_id; } __packed; struct l2cap_move_chan_rsp { __le16 icid; __le16 result; } __packed; #define L2CAP_MR_SUCCESS 0x0000 #define L2CAP_MR_PEND 0x0001 #define L2CAP_MR_BAD_ID 0x0002 #define L2CAP_MR_SAME_ID 0x0003 #define L2CAP_MR_NOT_SUPP 0x0004 #define L2CAP_MR_COLLISION 0x0005 #define L2CAP_MR_NOT_ALLOWED 0x0006 struct l2cap_move_chan_cfm { __le16 icid; __le16 result; } __packed; #define L2CAP_MC_CONFIRMED 0x0000 #define L2CAP_MC_UNCONFIRMED 0x0001 struct l2cap_move_chan_cfm_rsp { __le16 icid; } __packed; /* info type */ #define L2CAP_IT_CL_MTU 0x0001 #define L2CAP_IT_FEAT_MASK 0x0002 #define L2CAP_IT_FIXED_CHAN 0x0003 /* info result */ #define L2CAP_IR_SUCCESS 0x0000 #define L2CAP_IR_NOTSUPP 0x0001 struct l2cap_conn_param_update_req { __le16 min; __le16 max; __le16 latency; __le16 to_multiplier; } __packed; struct l2cap_conn_param_update_rsp { __le16 result; } __packed; /* Connection Parameters result */ #define L2CAP_CONN_PARAM_ACCEPTED 0x0000 #define L2CAP_CONN_PARAM_REJECTED 0x0001 struct l2cap_le_conn_req { __le16 psm; __le16 scid; __le16 mtu; __le16 mps; __le16 credits; } __packed; struct l2cap_le_conn_rsp { __le16 dcid; __le16 mtu; __le16 mps; __le16 credits; __le16 result; } __packed; struct l2cap_le_credits { __le16 cid; __le16 credits; } __packed; #define L2CAP_ECRED_MIN_MTU 64 #define L2CAP_ECRED_MIN_MPS 64 struct l2cap_ecred_conn_req { __le16 psm; __le16 mtu; __le16 mps; __le16 credits; __le16 scid[]; } __packed; struct l2cap_ecred_conn_rsp { __le16 mtu; __le16 mps; __le16 credits; __le16 result; __le16 dcid[]; }; struct l2cap_ecred_reconf_req { __le16 mtu; __le16 mps; __le16 scid[]; } __packed; #define L2CAP_RECONF_SUCCESS 0x0000 #define L2CAP_RECONF_INVALID_MTU 0x0001 #define L2CAP_RECONF_INVALID_MPS 0x0002 struct l2cap_ecred_reconf_rsp { __le16 result; } __packed; /* ----- L2CAP channels and connections ----- */ struct l2cap_seq_list { __u16 head; __u16 tail; __u16 mask; __u16 *list; }; #define L2CAP_SEQ_LIST_CLEAR 0xFFFF #define L2CAP_SEQ_LIST_TAIL 0x8000 struct l2cap_chan { struct l2cap_conn *conn; struct hci_conn *hs_hcon; struct hci_chan *hs_hchan; struct kref kref; atomic_t nesting; __u8 state; bdaddr_t dst; __u8 dst_type; bdaddr_t src; __u8 src_type; __le16 psm; __le16 sport; __u16 dcid; __u16 scid; __u16 imtu; __u16 omtu; __u16 flush_to; __u8 mode; __u8 chan_type; __u8 chan_policy; __u8 sec_level; __u8 ident; __u8 conf_req[64]; __u8 conf_len; __u8 num_conf_req; __u8 num_conf_rsp; __u8 fcs; __u16 tx_win; __u16 tx_win_max; __u16 ack_win; __u8 max_tx; __u16 retrans_timeout; __u16 monitor_timeout; __u16 mps; __u16 tx_credits; __u16 rx_credits; __u8 tx_state; __u8 rx_state; unsigned long conf_state; unsigned long conn_state; unsigned long flags; __u8 remote_amp_id; __u8 local_amp_id; __u8 move_id; __u8 move_state; __u8 move_role; __u16 next_tx_seq; __u16 expected_ack_seq; __u16 expected_tx_seq; __u16 buffer_seq; __u16 srej_save_reqseq; __u16 last_acked_seq; __u16 frames_sent; __u16 unacked_frames; __u8 retry_count; __u16 sdu_len; struct sk_buff *sdu; struct sk_buff *sdu_last_frag; __u16 remote_tx_win; __u8 remote_max_tx; __u16 remote_mps; __u8 local_id; __u8 local_stype; __u16 local_msdu; __u32 local_sdu_itime; __u32 local_acc_lat; __u32 local_flush_to; __u8 remote_id; __u8 remote_stype; __u16 remote_msdu; __u32 remote_sdu_itime; __u32 remote_acc_lat; __u32 remote_flush_to; struct delayed_work chan_timer; struct delayed_work retrans_timer; struct delayed_work monitor_timer; struct delayed_work ack_timer; struct sk_buff *tx_send_head; struct sk_buff_head tx_q; struct sk_buff_head srej_q; struct l2cap_seq_list srej_list; struct l2cap_seq_list retrans_list; struct list_head list; struct list_head global_l; void *data; const struct l2cap_ops *ops; struct mutex lock; }; struct l2cap_ops { char *name; struct l2cap_chan *(*new_connection) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); int (*recv) (struct l2cap_chan * chan, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*teardown) (struct l2cap_chan *chan, int err); void (*close) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); void (*state_change) (struct l2cap_chan *chan, int state, int err); void (*ready) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); void (*defer) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); void (*resume) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); void (*suspend) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); void (*set_shutdown) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); long (*get_sndtimeo) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); struct pid *(*get_peer_pid) (struct l2cap_chan *chan); struct sk_buff *(*alloc_skb) (struct l2cap_chan *chan, unsigned long hdr_len, unsigned long len, int nb); int (*filter) (struct l2cap_chan * chan, struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct l2cap_conn { struct hci_conn *hcon; struct hci_chan *hchan; unsigned int mtu; __u32 feat_mask; __u8 remote_fixed_chan; __u8 local_fixed_chan; __u8 info_state; __u8 info_ident; struct delayed_work info_timer; struct sk_buff *rx_skb; __u32 rx_len; __u8 tx_ident; struct mutex ident_lock; struct sk_buff_head pending_rx; struct work_struct pending_rx_work; struct work_struct id_addr_update_work; __u8 disc_reason; struct l2cap_chan *smp; struct list_head chan_l; struct mutex chan_lock; struct kref ref; struct list_head users; }; struct l2cap_user { struct list_head list; int (*probe) (struct l2cap_conn *conn, struct l2cap_user *user); void (*remove) (struct l2cap_conn *conn, struct l2cap_user *user); }; #define L2CAP_INFO_CL_MTU_REQ_SENT 0x01 #define L2CAP_INFO_FEAT_MASK_REQ_SENT 0x04 #define L2CAP_INFO_FEAT_MASK_REQ_DONE 0x08 #define L2CAP_CHAN_RAW 1 #define L2CAP_CHAN_CONN_LESS 2 #define L2CAP_CHAN_CONN_ORIENTED 3 #define L2CAP_CHAN_FIXED 4 /* ----- L2CAP socket info ----- */ #define l2cap_pi(sk) ((struct l2cap_pinfo *) sk) struct l2cap_pinfo { struct bt_sock bt; struct l2cap_chan *chan; struct sk_buff *rx_busy_skb; }; enum { CONF_REQ_SENT, CONF_INPUT_DONE, CONF_OUTPUT_DONE, CONF_MTU_DONE, CONF_MODE_DONE, CONF_CONNECT_PEND, CONF_RECV_NO_FCS, CONF_STATE2_DEVICE, CONF_EWS_RECV, CONF_LOC_CONF_PEND, CONF_REM_CONF_PEND, CONF_NOT_COMPLETE, }; #define L2CAP_CONF_MAX_CONF_REQ 2 #define L2CAP_CONF_MAX_CONF_RSP 2 enum { CONN_SREJ_SENT, CONN_WAIT_F, CONN_SREJ_ACT, CONN_SEND_PBIT, CONN_REMOTE_BUSY, CONN_LOCAL_BUSY, CONN_REJ_ACT, CONN_SEND_FBIT, CONN_RNR_SENT, }; /* Definitions for flags in l2cap_chan */ enum { FLAG_ROLE_SWITCH, FLAG_FORCE_ACTIVE, FLAG_FORCE_RELIABLE, FLAG_FLUSHABLE, FLAG_EXT_CTRL, FLAG_EFS_ENABLE, FLAG_DEFER_SETUP, FLAG_LE_CONN_REQ_SENT, FLAG_ECRED_CONN_REQ_SENT, FLAG_PENDING_SECURITY, FLAG_HOLD_HCI_CONN, }; /* Lock nesting levels for L2CAP channels. We need these because lockdep * otherwise considers all channels equal and will e.g. complain about a * connection oriented channel triggering SMP procedures or a listening * channel creating and locking a child channel. */ enum { L2CAP_NESTING_SMP, L2CAP_NESTING_NORMAL, L2CAP_NESTING_PARENT, }; enum { L2CAP_TX_STATE_XMIT, L2CAP_TX_STATE_WAIT_F, }; enum { L2CAP_RX_STATE_RECV, L2CAP_RX_STATE_SREJ_SENT, L2CAP_RX_STATE_MOVE, L2CAP_RX_STATE_WAIT_P, L2CAP_RX_STATE_WAIT_F, }; enum { L2CAP_TXSEQ_EXPECTED, L2CAP_TXSEQ_EXPECTED_SREJ, L2CAP_TXSEQ_UNEXPECTED, L2CAP_TXSEQ_UNEXPECTED_SREJ, L2CAP_TXSEQ_DUPLICATE, L2CAP_TXSEQ_DUPLICATE_SREJ, L2CAP_TXSEQ_INVALID, L2CAP_TXSEQ_INVALID_IGNORE, }; enum { L2CAP_EV_DATA_REQUEST, L2CAP_EV_LOCAL_BUSY_DETECTED, L2CAP_EV_LOCAL_BUSY_CLEAR, L2CAP_EV_RECV_REQSEQ_AND_FBIT, L2CAP_EV_RECV_FBIT, L2CAP_EV_RETRANS_TO, L2CAP_EV_MONITOR_TO, L2CAP_EV_EXPLICIT_POLL, L2CAP_EV_RECV_IFRAME, L2CAP_EV_RECV_RR, L2CAP_EV_RECV_REJ, L2CAP_EV_RECV_RNR, L2CAP_EV_RECV_SREJ, L2CAP_EV_RECV_FRAME, }; enum { L2CAP_MOVE_ROLE_NONE, L2CAP_MOVE_ROLE_INITIATOR, L2CAP_MOVE_ROLE_RESPONDER, }; enum { L2CAP_MOVE_STABLE, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_REQ, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_RSP, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_RSP_SUCCESS, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_CONFIRM, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_CONFIRM_RSP, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_LOGICAL_COMP, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_LOGICAL_CFM, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_LOCAL_BUSY, L2CAP_MOVE_WAIT_PREPARE, }; void l2cap_chan_hold(struct l2cap_chan *c); void l2cap_chan_put(struct l2cap_chan *c); static inline void l2cap_chan_lock(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { mutex_lock_nested(&chan->lock, atomic_read(&chan->nesting)); } static inline void l2cap_chan_unlock(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { mutex_unlock(&chan->lock); } static inline void l2cap_set_timer(struct l2cap_chan *chan, struct delayed_work *work, long timeout) { BT_DBG("chan %p state %s timeout %ld", chan, state_to_string(chan->state), timeout); /* If delayed work cancelled do not hold(chan) since it is already done with previous set_timer */ if (!cancel_delayed_work(work)) l2cap_chan_hold(chan); schedule_delayed_work(work, timeout); } static inline bool l2cap_clear_timer(struct l2cap_chan *chan, struct delayed_work *work) { bool ret; /* put(chan) if delayed work cancelled otherwise it is done in delayed work function */ ret = cancel_delayed_work(work); if (ret) l2cap_chan_put(chan); return ret; } #define __set_chan_timer(c, t) l2cap_set_timer(c, &c->chan_timer, (t)) #define __clear_chan_timer(c) l2cap_clear_timer(c, &c->chan_timer) #define __clear_retrans_timer(c) l2cap_clear_timer(c, &c->retrans_timer) #define __clear_monitor_timer(c) l2cap_clear_timer(c, &c->monitor_timer) #define __set_ack_timer(c) l2cap_set_timer(c, &chan->ack_timer, \ msecs_to_jiffies(L2CAP_DEFAULT_ACK_TO)); #define __clear_ack_timer(c) l2cap_clear_timer(c, &c->ack_timer) static inline int __seq_offset(struct l2cap_chan *chan, __u16 seq1, __u16 seq2) { if (seq1 >= seq2) return seq1 - seq2; else return chan->tx_win_max + 1 - seq2 + seq1; } static inline __u16 __next_seq(struct l2cap_chan *chan, __u16 seq) { return (seq + 1) % (chan->tx_win_max + 1); } static inline struct l2cap_chan *l2cap_chan_no_new_connection(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { return NULL; } static inline int l2cap_chan_no_recv(struct l2cap_chan *chan, struct sk_buff *skb) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline struct sk_buff *l2cap_chan_no_alloc_skb(struct l2cap_chan *chan, unsigned long hdr_len, unsigned long len, int nb) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_teardown(struct l2cap_chan *chan, int err) { } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_close(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_ready(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_state_change(struct l2cap_chan *chan, int state, int err) { } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_defer(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_suspend(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_resume(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { } static inline void l2cap_chan_no_set_shutdown(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { } static inline long l2cap_chan_no_get_sndtimeo(struct l2cap_chan *chan) { return 0; } extern bool disable_ertm; extern bool enable_ecred; int l2cap_init_sockets(void); void l2cap_cleanup_sockets(void); bool l2cap_is_socket(struct socket *sock); void __l2cap_le_connect_rsp_defer(struct l2cap_chan *chan); void __l2cap_ecred_conn_rsp_defer(struct l2cap_chan *chan); void __l2cap_connect_rsp_defer(struct l2cap_chan *chan); int l2cap_add_psm(struct l2cap_chan *chan, bdaddr_t *src, __le16 psm); int l2cap_add_scid(struct l2cap_chan *chan, __u16 scid); struct l2cap_chan *l2cap_chan_create(void); void l2cap_chan_close(struct l2cap_chan *chan, int reason); int l2cap_chan_connect(struct l2cap_chan *chan, __le16 psm, u16 cid, bdaddr_t *dst, u8 dst_type); int l2cap_chan_reconfigure(struct l2cap_chan *chan, __u16 mtu); int l2cap_chan_send(struct l2cap_chan *chan, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len); void l2cap_chan_busy(struct l2cap_chan *chan, int busy); int l2cap_chan_check_security(struct l2cap_chan *chan, bool initiator); void l2cap_chan_set_defaults(struct l2cap_chan *chan); int l2cap_ertm_init(struct l2cap_chan *chan); void l2cap_chan_add(struct l2cap_conn *conn, struct l2cap_chan *chan); void __l2cap_chan_add(struct l2cap_conn *conn, struct l2cap_chan *chan); typedef void (*l2cap_chan_func_t)(struct l2cap_chan *chan, void *data); void l2cap_chan_list(struct l2cap_conn *conn, l2cap_chan_func_t func, void *data); void l2cap_chan_del(struct l2cap_chan *chan, int err); void l2cap_send_conn_req(struct l2cap_chan *chan); void l2cap_move_start(struct l2cap_chan *chan); void l2cap_logical_cfm(struct l2cap_chan *chan, struct hci_chan *hchan, u8 status); void __l2cap_physical_cfm(struct l2cap_chan *chan, int result); struct l2cap_conn *l2cap_conn_get(struct l2cap_conn *conn); void l2cap_conn_put(struct l2cap_conn *conn); int l2cap_register_user(struct l2cap_conn *conn, struct l2cap_user *user); void l2cap_unregister_user(struct l2cap_conn *conn, struct l2cap_user *user); #endif /* __L2CAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ /* * Driver for 8250/16550-type serial ports * * Based on drivers/char/serial.c, by Linus Torvalds, Theodore Ts'o. * * Copyright (C) 2001 Russell King. */ #include <linux/serial_8250.h> #include <linux/serial_reg.h> #include <linux/dmaengine.h> #include "../serial_mctrl_gpio.h" struct uart_8250_dma { int (*tx_dma)(struct uart_8250_port *p); int (*rx_dma)(struct uart_8250_port *p); /* Filter function */ dma_filter_fn fn; /* Parameter to the filter function */ void *rx_param; void *tx_param; struct dma_slave_config rxconf; struct dma_slave_config txconf; struct dma_chan *rxchan; struct dma_chan *txchan; /* Device address base for DMA operations */ phys_addr_t rx_dma_addr; phys_addr_t tx_dma_addr; /* DMA address of the buffer in memory */ dma_addr_t rx_addr; dma_addr_t tx_addr; dma_cookie_t rx_cookie; dma_cookie_t tx_cookie; void *rx_buf; size_t rx_size; size_t tx_size; unsigned char tx_running; unsigned char tx_err; unsigned char rx_running; }; struct old_serial_port { unsigned int uart; unsigned int baud_base; unsigned int port; unsigned int irq; upf_t flags; unsigned char io_type; unsigned char __iomem *iomem_base; unsigned short iomem_reg_shift; }; struct serial8250_config { const char *name; unsigned short fifo_size; unsigned short tx_loadsz; unsigned char fcr; unsigned char rxtrig_bytes[UART_FCR_R_TRIG_MAX_STATE]; unsigned int flags; }; #define UART_CAP_FIFO (1 << 8) /* UART has FIFO */ #define UART_CAP_EFR (1 << 9) /* UART has EFR */ #define UART_CAP_SLEEP (1 << 10) /* UART has IER sleep */ #define UART_CAP_AFE (1 << 11) /* MCR-based hw flow control */ #define UART_CAP_UUE (1 << 12) /* UART needs IER bit 6 set (Xscale) */ #define UART_CAP_RTOIE (1 << 13) /* UART needs IER bit 4 set (Xscale, Tegra) */ #define UART_CAP_HFIFO (1 << 14) /* UART has a "hidden" FIFO */ #define UART_CAP_RPM (1 << 15) /* Runtime PM is active while idle */ #define UART_CAP_IRDA (1 << 16) /* UART supports IrDA line discipline */ #define UART_CAP_MINI (1 << 17) /* Mini UART on BCM283X family lacks: * STOP PARITY EPAR SPAR WLEN5 WLEN6 */ #define UART_BUG_QUOT (1 << 0) /* UART has buggy quot LSB */ #define UART_BUG_TXEN (1 << 1) /* UART has buggy TX IIR status */ #define UART_BUG_NOMSR (1 << 2) /* UART has buggy MSR status bits (Au1x00) */ #define UART_BUG_THRE (1 << 3) /* UART has buggy THRE reassertion */ #define UART_BUG_PARITY (1 << 4) /* UART mishandles parity if FIFO enabled */ #define UART_BUG_TXRACE (1 << 5) /* UART Tx fails to set remote DR */ #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_SHARE_IRQ #define SERIAL8250_SHARE_IRQS 1 #else #define SERIAL8250_SHARE_IRQS 0 #endif #define SERIAL8250_PORT_FLAGS(_base, _irq, _flags) \ { \ .iobase = _base, \ .irq = _irq, \ .uartclk = 1843200, \ .iotype = UPIO_PORT, \ .flags = UPF_BOOT_AUTOCONF | (_flags), \ } #define SERIAL8250_PORT(_base, _irq) SERIAL8250_PORT_FLAGS(_base, _irq, 0) static inline int serial_in(struct uart_8250_port *up, int offset) { return up->port.serial_in(&up->port, offset); } static inline void serial_out(struct uart_8250_port *up, int offset, int value) { up->port.serial_out(&up->port, offset, value); } void serial8250_clear_and_reinit_fifos(struct uart_8250_port *p); static inline int serial_dl_read(struct uart_8250_port *up) { return up->dl_read(up); } static inline void serial_dl_write(struct uart_8250_port *up, int value) { up->dl_write(up, value); } static inline bool serial8250_set_THRI(struct uart_8250_port *up) { if (up->ier & UART_IER_THRI) return false; up->ier |= UART_IER_THRI; serial_out(up, UART_IER, up->ier); return true; } static inline bool serial8250_clear_THRI(struct uart_8250_port *up) { if (!(up->ier & UART_IER_THRI)) return false; up->ier &= ~UART_IER_THRI; serial_out(up, UART_IER, up->ier); return true; } struct uart_8250_port *serial8250_get_port(int line); void serial8250_rpm_get(struct uart_8250_port *p); void serial8250_rpm_put(struct uart_8250_port *p); void serial8250_rpm_get_tx(struct uart_8250_port *p); void serial8250_rpm_put_tx(struct uart_8250_port *p); int serial8250_em485_config(struct uart_port *port, struct serial_rs485 *rs485); void serial8250_em485_start_tx(struct uart_8250_port *p); void serial8250_em485_stop_tx(struct uart_8250_port *p); void serial8250_em485_destroy(struct uart_8250_port *p); /* MCR <-> TIOCM conversion */ static inline int serial8250_TIOCM_to_MCR(int tiocm) { int mcr = 0; if (tiocm & TIOCM_RTS) mcr |= UART_MCR_RTS; if (tiocm & TIOCM_DTR) mcr |= UART_MCR_DTR; if (tiocm & TIOCM_OUT1) mcr |= UART_MCR_OUT1; if (tiocm & TIOCM_OUT2) mcr |= UART_MCR_OUT2; if (tiocm & TIOCM_LOOP) mcr |= UART_MCR_LOOP; return mcr; } static inline int serial8250_MCR_to_TIOCM(int mcr) { int tiocm = 0; if (mcr & UART_MCR_RTS) tiocm |= TIOCM_RTS; if (mcr & UART_MCR_DTR) tiocm |= TIOCM_DTR; if (mcr & UART_MCR_OUT1) tiocm |= TIOCM_OUT1; if (mcr & UART_MCR_OUT2) tiocm |= TIOCM_OUT2; if (mcr & UART_MCR_LOOP) tiocm |= TIOCM_LOOP; return tiocm; } /* MSR <-> TIOCM conversion */ static inline int serial8250_MSR_to_TIOCM(int msr) { int tiocm = 0; if (msr & UART_MSR_DCD) tiocm |= TIOCM_CAR; if (msr & UART_MSR_RI) tiocm |= TIOCM_RNG; if (msr & UART_MSR_DSR) tiocm |= TIOCM_DSR; if (msr & UART_MSR_CTS) tiocm |= TIOCM_CTS; return tiocm; } static inline void serial8250_out_MCR(struct uart_8250_port *up, int value) { serial_out(up, UART_MCR, value); if (up->gpios) mctrl_gpio_set(up->gpios, serial8250_MCR_to_TIOCM(value)); } static inline int serial8250_in_MCR(struct uart_8250_port *up) { int mctrl; mctrl = serial_in(up, UART_MCR); if (up->gpios) { unsigned int mctrl_gpio = 0; mctrl_gpio = mctrl_gpio_get_outputs(up->gpios, &mctrl_gpio); mctrl |= serial8250_TIOCM_to_MCR(mctrl_gpio); } return mctrl; } #if defined(__alpha__) && !defined(CONFIG_PCI) /* * Digital did something really horribly wrong with the OUT1 and OUT2 * lines on at least some ALPHA's. The failure mode is that if either * is cleared, the machine locks up with endless interrupts. */ #define ALPHA_KLUDGE_MCR (UART_MCR_OUT2 | UART_MCR_OUT1) #else #define ALPHA_KLUDGE_MCR 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_PNP int serial8250_pnp_init(void); void serial8250_pnp_exit(void); #else static inline int serial8250_pnp_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void serial8250_pnp_exit(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_FINTEK int fintek_8250_probe(struct uart_8250_port *uart); #else static inline int fintek_8250_probe(struct uart_8250_port *uart) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_OMAP1 static inline int is_omap1_8250(struct uart_8250_port *pt) { int res; switch (pt->port.mapbase) { case OMAP1_UART1_BASE: case OMAP1_UART2_BASE: case OMAP1_UART3_BASE: res = 1; break; default: res = 0; break; } return res; } static inline int is_omap1510_8250(struct uart_8250_port *pt) { if (!cpu_is_omap1510()) return 0; return is_omap1_8250(pt); } #else static inline int is_omap1_8250(struct uart_8250_port *pt) { return 0; } static inline int is_omap1510_8250(struct uart_8250_port *pt) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_DMA extern int serial8250_tx_dma(struct uart_8250_port *); extern int serial8250_rx_dma(struct uart_8250_port *); extern void serial8250_rx_dma_flush(struct uart_8250_port *); extern int serial8250_request_dma(struct uart_8250_port *); extern void serial8250_release_dma(struct uart_8250_port *); #else static inline int serial8250_tx_dma(struct uart_8250_port *p) { return -1; } static inline int serial8250_rx_dma(struct uart_8250_port *p) { return -1; } static inline void serial8250_rx_dma_flush(struct uart_8250_port *p) { } static inline int serial8250_request_dma(struct uart_8250_port *p) { return -1; } static inline void serial8250_release_dma(struct uart_8250_port *p) { } #endif static inline int ns16550a_goto_highspeed(struct uart_8250_port *up) { unsigned char status; status = serial_in(up, 0x04); /* EXCR2 */ #define PRESL(x) ((x) & 0x30) if (PRESL(status) == 0x10) { /* already in high speed mode */ return 0; } else { status &= ~0xB0; /* Disable LOCK, mask out PRESL[01] */ status |= 0x10; /* 1.625 divisor for baud_base --> 921600 */ serial_out(up, 0x04, status); } return 1; } static inline int serial_index(struct uart_port *port) { return port->minor - 64; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* thread_info.h: low-level thread information * * Copyright (C) 2002 David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * - Incorporating suggestions made by Linus Torvalds and Dave Miller */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_THREAD_INFO_H #define _ASM_X86_THREAD_INFO_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <asm/types.h> /* * TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING is a number of unused bytes that we * reserve at the top of the kernel stack. We do it because of a nasty * 32-bit corner case. On x86_32, the hardware stack frame is * variable-length. Except for vm86 mode, struct pt_regs assumes a * maximum-length frame. If we enter from CPL 0, the top 8 bytes of * pt_regs don't actually exist. Ordinarily this doesn't matter, but it * does in at least one case: * * If we take an NMI early enough in SYSENTER, then we can end up with * pt_regs that extends above sp0. On the way out, in the espfix code, * we can read the saved SS value, but that value will be above sp0. * Without this offset, that can result in a page fault. (We are * careful that, in this case, the value we read doesn't matter.) * * In vm86 mode, the hardware frame is much longer still, so add 16 * bytes to make room for the real-mode segments. * * x86_64 has a fixed-length stack frame. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # ifdef CONFIG_VM86 # define TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING 16 # else # define TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING 8 # endif #else # define TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING 0 #endif /* * low level task data that entry.S needs immediate access to * - this struct should fit entirely inside of one cache line * - this struct shares the supervisor stack pages */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ struct task_struct; #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> struct thread_info { unsigned long flags; /* low level flags */ u32 status; /* thread synchronous flags */ }; #define INIT_THREAD_INFO(tsk) \ { \ .flags = 0, \ } #else /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #include <asm/asm-offsets.h> #endif /* * thread information flags * - these are process state flags that various assembly files * may need to access */ #define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE 0 /* syscall trace active */ #define TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME 1 /* callback before returning to user */ #define TIF_SIGPENDING 2 /* signal pending */ #define TIF_NEED_RESCHED 3 /* rescheduling necessary */ #define TIF_SINGLESTEP 4 /* reenable singlestep on user return*/ #define TIF_SSBD 5 /* Speculative store bypass disable */ #define TIF_SYSCALL_EMU 6 /* syscall emulation active */ #define TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT 7 /* syscall auditing active */ #define TIF_SECCOMP 8 /* secure computing */ #define TIF_SPEC_IB 9 /* Indirect branch speculation mitigation */ #define TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE 10 /* Force speculation MSR update in context switch */ #define TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY 11 /* notify kernel of userspace return */ #define TIF_UPROBE 12 /* breakpointed or singlestepping */ #define TIF_PATCH_PENDING 13 /* pending live patching update */ #define TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD 14 /* load FPU on return to userspace */ #define TIF_NOCPUID 15 /* CPUID is not accessible in userland */ #define TIF_NOTSC 16 /* TSC is not accessible in userland */ #define TIF_IA32 17 /* IA32 compatibility process */ #define TIF_SLD 18 /* Restore split lock detection on context switch */ #define TIF_MEMDIE 20 /* is terminating due to OOM killer */ #define TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG 21 /* idle is polling for TIF_NEED_RESCHED */ #define TIF_IO_BITMAP 22 /* uses I/O bitmap */ #define TIF_FORCED_TF 24 /* true if TF in eflags artificially */ #define TIF_BLOCKSTEP 25 /* set when we want DEBUGCTLMSR_BTF */ #define TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES 27 /* task is updating the mmu lazily */ #define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT 28 /* syscall tracepoint instrumentation */ #define TIF_ADDR32 29 /* 32-bit address space on 64 bits */ #define TIF_X32 30 /* 32-bit native x86-64 binary */ #define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE) #define _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME (1 << TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME) #define _TIF_SIGPENDING (1 << TIF_SIGPENDING) #define _TIF_NEED_RESCHED (1 << TIF_NEED_RESCHED) #define _TIF_SINGLESTEP (1 << TIF_SINGLESTEP) #define _TIF_SSBD (1 << TIF_SSBD) #define _TIF_SYSCALL_EMU (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_EMU) #define _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT) #define _TIF_SECCOMP (1 << TIF_SECCOMP) #define _TIF_SPEC_IB (1 << TIF_SPEC_IB) #define _TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE (1 << TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE) #define _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY (1 << TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY) #define _TIF_UPROBE (1 << TIF_UPROBE) #define _TIF_PATCH_PENDING (1 << TIF_PATCH_PENDING) #define _TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD (1 << TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD) #define _TIF_NOCPUID (1 << TIF_NOCPUID) #define _TIF_NOTSC (1 << TIF_NOTSC) #define _TIF_IA32 (1 << TIF_IA32) #define _TIF_SLD (1 << TIF_SLD) #define _TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG (1 << TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG) #define _TIF_IO_BITMAP (1 << TIF_IO_BITMAP) #define _TIF_FORCED_TF (1 << TIF_FORCED_TF) #define _TIF_BLOCKSTEP (1 << TIF_BLOCKSTEP) #define _TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES (1 << TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES) #define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT) #define _TIF_ADDR32 (1 << TIF_ADDR32) #define _TIF_X32 (1 << TIF_X32) /* flags to check in __switch_to() */ #define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE \ (_TIF_NOCPUID | _TIF_NOTSC | _TIF_BLOCKSTEP | \ _TIF_SSBD | _TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE | _TIF_SLD) /* * Avoid calls to __switch_to_xtra() on UP as STIBP is not evaluated. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE | _TIF_SPEC_IB) #else # define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM # define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW| _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY | \ _TIF_IO_BITMAP) #else # define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW| _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY) #endif #define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW) #define STACK_WARN (THREAD_SIZE/8) /* * macros/functions for gaining access to the thread information structure * * preempt_count needs to be 1 initially, until the scheduler is functional. */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * Walks up the stack frames to make sure that the specified object is * entirely contained by a single stack frame. * * Returns: * GOOD_FRAME if within a frame * BAD_STACK if placed across a frame boundary (or outside stack) * NOT_STACK unable to determine (no frame pointers, etc) */ static inline int arch_within_stack_frames(const void * const stack, const void * const stackend, const void *obj, unsigned long len) { #if defined(CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER) const void *frame = NULL; const void *oldframe; oldframe = __builtin_frame_address(1); if (oldframe) frame = __builtin_frame_address(2); /* * low ----------------------------------------------> high * [saved bp][saved ip][args][local vars][saved bp][saved ip] * ^----------------^ * allow copies only within here */ while (stack <= frame && frame < stackend) { /* * If obj + len extends past the last frame, this * check won't pass and the next frame will be 0, * causing us to bail out and correctly report * the copy as invalid. */ if (obj + len <= frame) return obj >= oldframe + 2 * sizeof(void *) ? GOOD_FRAME : BAD_STACK; oldframe = frame; frame = *(const void * const *)frame; } return BAD_STACK; #else return NOT_STACK; #endif } #else /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 # define cpu_current_top_of_stack (cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp1) #endif #endif /* * Thread-synchronous status. * * This is different from the flags in that nobody else * ever touches our thread-synchronous status, so we don't * have to worry about atomic accesses. */ #define TS_COMPAT 0x0002 /* 32bit syscall active (64BIT)*/ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #define TS_I386_REGS_POKED 0x0004 /* regs poked by 32-bit ptracer */ #define TS_COMPAT_RESTART 0x0008 #define arch_set_restart_data arch_set_restart_data static inline void arch_set_restart_data(struct restart_block *restart) { struct thread_info *ti = current_thread_info(); if (ti->status & TS_COMPAT) ti->status |= TS_COMPAT_RESTART; else ti->status &= ~TS_COMPAT_RESTART; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define in_ia32_syscall() true #else #define in_ia32_syscall() (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) && \ current_thread_info()->status & TS_COMPAT) #endif extern void arch_task_cache_init(void); extern int arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src); extern void arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void arch_setup_new_exec(void); #define arch_setup_new_exec arch_setup_new_exec #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_THREAD_INFO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CTYPE_H #define _LINUX_CTYPE_H /* * NOTE! This ctype does not handle EOF like the standard C * library is required to. */ #define _U 0x01 /* upper */ #define _L 0x02 /* lower */ #define _D 0x04 /* digit */ #define _C 0x08 /* cntrl */ #define _P 0x10 /* punct */ #define _S 0x20 /* white space (space/lf/tab) */ #define _X 0x40 /* hex digit */ #define _SP 0x80 /* hard space (0x20) */ extern const unsigned char _ctype[]; #define __ismask(x) (_ctype[(int)(unsigned char)(x)]) #define isalnum(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U|_L|_D)) != 0) #define isalpha(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U|_L)) != 0) #define iscntrl(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_C)) != 0) static inline int isdigit(int c) { return '0' <= c && c <= '9'; } #define isgraph(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P|_U|_L|_D)) != 0) #define islower(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_L)) != 0) #define isprint(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P|_U|_L|_D|_SP)) != 0) #define ispunct(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P)) != 0) /* Note: isspace() must return false for %NUL-terminator */ #define isspace(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_S)) != 0) #define isupper(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U)) != 0) #define isxdigit(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_D|_X)) != 0) #define isascii(c) (((unsigned char)(c))<=0x7f) #define toascii(c) (((unsigned char)(c))&0x7f) static inline unsigned char __tolower(unsigned char c) { if (isupper(c)) c -= 'A'-'a'; return c; } static inline unsigned char __toupper(unsigned char c) { if (islower(c)) c -= 'a'-'A'; return c; } #define tolower(c) __tolower(c) #define toupper(c) __toupper(c) /* * Fast implementation of tolower() for internal usage. Do not use in your * code. */ static inline char _tolower(const char c) { return c | 0x20; } /* Fast check for octal digit */ static inline int isodigit(const char c) { return c >= '0' && c <= '7'; } #endif
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1221 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H #define __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H /* * seqcount_t / seqlock_t - a reader-writer consistency mechanism with * lockless readers (read-only retry loops), and no writer starvation. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst * * Copyrights: * - Based on x86_64 vsyscall gettimeofday: Keith Owens, Andrea Arcangeli * - Sequence counters with associated locks, (C) 2020 Linutronix GmbH */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/ww_mutex.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * The seqlock seqcount_t interface does not prescribe a precise sequence of * read begin/retry/end. For readers, typically there is a call to * read_seqcount_begin() and read_seqcount_retry(), however, there are more * esoteric cases which do not follow this pattern. * * As a consequence, we take the following best-effort approach for raw usage * via seqcount_t under KCSAN: upon beginning a seq-reader critical section, * pessimistically mark the next KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX memory accesses as * atomics; if there is a matching read_seqcount_retry() call, no following * memory operations are considered atomic. Usage of the seqlock_t interface * is not affected. */ #define KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX 1000 /* * Sequence counters (seqcount_t) * * This is the raw counting mechanism, without any writer protection. * * Write side critical sections must be serialized and non-preemptible. * * If readers can be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, * interrupts or bottom halves must also be respectively disabled before * entering the write section. * * This mechanism can't be used if the protected data contains pointers, * as the writer can invalidate a pointer that a reader is following. * * If the write serialization mechanism is one of the common kernel * locking primitives, use a sequence counter with associated lock * (seqcount_LOCKNAME_t) instead. * * If it's desired to automatically handle the sequence counter writer * serialization and non-preemptibility requirements, use a sequential * lock (seqlock_t) instead. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ typedef struct seqcount { unsigned sequence; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif } seqcount_t; static inline void __seqcount_init(seqcount_t *s, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { /* * Make sure we are not reinitializing a held lock: */ lockdep_init_map(&s->dep_map, name, key, 0); s->sequence = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { .name = #lockname } /** * seqcount_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_t instance */ # define seqcount_init(s) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ __seqcount_init((s), #s, &__key); \ } while (0) static inline void seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(const seqcount_t *s) { seqcount_t *l = (seqcount_t *)s; unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); seqcount_acquire_read(&l->dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_); seqcount_release(&l->dep_map, _RET_IP_); local_irq_restore(flags); } #else # define SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) # define seqcount_init(s) __seqcount_init(s, NULL, NULL) # define seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(x) #endif /** * SEQCNT_ZERO() - static initializer for seqcount_t * @name: Name of the seqcount_t instance */ #define SEQCNT_ZERO(name) { .sequence = 0, SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } /* * Sequence counters with associated locks (seqcount_LOCKNAME_t) * * A sequence counter which associates the lock used for writer * serialization at initialization time. This enables lockdep to validate * that the write side critical section is properly serialized. * * For associated locks which do not implicitly disable preemption, * preemption protection is enforced in the write side function. * * Lockdep is never used in any for the raw write variants. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ /* * For PREEMPT_RT, seqcount_LOCKNAME_t write side critical sections cannot * disable preemption. It can lead to higher latencies, and the write side * sections will not be able to acquire locks which become sleeping locks * (e.g. spinlock_t). * * To remain preemptible while avoiding a possible livelock caused by the * reader preempting the writer, use a different technique: let the reader * detect if a seqcount_LOCKNAME_t writer is in progress. If that is the * case, acquire then release the associated LOCKNAME writer serialization * lock. This will allow any possibly-preempted writer to make progress * until the end of its writer serialization lock critical section. * * This lock-unlock technique must be implemented for all of PREEMPT_RT * sleeping locks. See Documentation/locking/locktypes.rst */ #if defined(CONFIG_LOCKDEP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) #define __SEQ_LOCK(expr) expr #else #define __SEQ_LOCK(expr) #endif /* * typedef seqcount_LOCKNAME_t - sequence counter with LOCKNAME associated * @seqcount: The real sequence counter * @lock: Pointer to the associated lock * * A plain sequence counter with external writer synchronization by * LOCKNAME @lock. The lock is associated to the sequence counter in the * static initializer or init function. This enables lockdep to validate * that the write side critical section is properly serialized. * * LOCKNAME: raw_spinlock, spinlock, rwlock, mutex, or ww_mutex. */ /* * seqcount_LOCKNAME_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t instance * @lock: Pointer to the associated lock */ #define seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, _lock, lockname) \ do { \ seqcount_##lockname##_t *____s = (s); \ seqcount_init(&____s->seqcount); \ __SEQ_LOCK(____s->lock = (_lock)); \ } while (0) #define seqcount_raw_spinlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, raw_spinlock) #define seqcount_spinlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, spinlock) #define seqcount_rwlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, rwlock); #define seqcount_mutex_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, mutex); #define seqcount_ww_mutex_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, ww_mutex); /* * SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME() - Instantiate seqcount_LOCKNAME_t and helpers * seqprop_LOCKNAME_*() - Property accessors for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * * @lockname: "LOCKNAME" part of seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @locktype: LOCKNAME canonical C data type * @preemptible: preemptibility of above locktype * @lockmember: argument for lockdep_assert_held() * @lockbase: associated lock release function (prefix only) * @lock_acquire: associated lock acquisition function (full call) */ #define SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(lockname, locktype, preemptible, lockmember, lockbase, lock_acquire) \ typedef struct seqcount_##lockname { \ seqcount_t seqcount; \ __SEQ_LOCK(locktype *lock); \ } seqcount_##lockname##_t; \ \ static __always_inline seqcount_t * \ __seqprop_##lockname##_ptr(seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ return &s->seqcount; \ } \ \ static __always_inline unsigned \ __seqprop_##lockname##_sequence(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ unsigned seq = READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); \ \ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) \ return seq; \ \ if (preemptible && unlikely(seq & 1)) { \ __SEQ_LOCK(lock_acquire); \ __SEQ_LOCK(lockbase##_unlock(s->lock)); \ \ /* \ * Re-read the sequence counter since the (possibly \ * preempted) writer made progress. \ */ \ seq = READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); \ } \ \ return seq; \ } \ \ static __always_inline bool \ __seqprop_##lockname##_preemptible(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) \ return preemptible; \ \ /* PREEMPT_RT relies on the above LOCK+UNLOCK */ \ return false; \ } \ \ static __always_inline void \ __seqprop_##lockname##_assert(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ __SEQ_LOCK(lockdep_assert_held(lockmember)); \ } /* * __seqprop() for seqcount_t */ static inline seqcount_t *__seqprop_ptr(seqcount_t *s) { return s; } static inline unsigned __seqprop_sequence(const seqcount_t *s) { return READ_ONCE(s->sequence); } static inline bool __seqprop_preemptible(const seqcount_t *s) { return false; } static inline void __seqprop_assert(const seqcount_t *s) { lockdep_assert_preemption_disabled(); } #define __SEQ_RT IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(raw_spinlock, raw_spinlock_t, false, s->lock, raw_spin, raw_spin_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(spinlock, spinlock_t, __SEQ_RT, s->lock, spin, spin_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(rwlock, rwlock_t, __SEQ_RT, s->lock, read, read_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(mutex, struct mutex, true, s->lock, mutex, mutex_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(ww_mutex, struct ww_mutex, true, &s->lock->base, ww_mutex, ww_mutex_lock(s->lock, NULL)) /* * SEQCNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO - static initializer for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @name: Name of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t instance * @lock: Pointer to the associated LOCKNAME */ #define SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(seq_name, assoc_lock) { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_ZERO(seq_name.seqcount), \ __SEQ_LOCK(.lock = (assoc_lock)) \ } #define SEQCNT_RAW_SPINLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_SPINLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_RWLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_MUTEX_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_WW_MUTEX_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define __seqprop_case(s, lockname, prop) \ seqcount_##lockname##_t: __seqprop_##lockname##_##prop((void *)(s)) #define __seqprop(s, prop) _Generic(*(s), \ seqcount_t: __seqprop_##prop((void *)(s)), \ __seqprop_case((s), raw_spinlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), spinlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), rwlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), mutex, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), ww_mutex, prop)) #define __seqcount_ptr(s) __seqprop(s, ptr) #define __seqcount_sequence(s) __seqprop(s, sequence) #define __seqcount_lock_preemptible(s) __seqprop(s, preemptible) #define __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s) __seqprop(s, assert) /** * __read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read section w/o barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * __read_seqcount_begin is like read_seqcount_begin, but has no smp_rmb() * barrier. Callers should ensure that smp_rmb() or equivalent ordering is * provided before actually loading any of the variables that are to be * protected in this critical section. * * Use carefully, only in critical code, and comment how the barrier is * provided. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define __read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq; \ \ while ((seq = __seqcount_sequence(s)) & 1) \ cpu_relax(); \ \ kcsan_atomic_next(KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX); \ seq; \ }) /** * raw_read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq = __read_seqcount_begin(s); \ \ smp_rmb(); \ seq; \ }) /** * read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ raw_read_seqcount_begin(s); \ }) /** * raw_read_seqcount() - read the raw seqcount_t counter value * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * raw_read_seqcount opens a read critical section of the given * seqcount_t, without any lockdep checking, and without checking or * masking the sequence counter LSB. Calling code is responsible for * handling that. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_read_seqcount(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq = __seqcount_sequence(s); \ \ smp_rmb(); \ kcsan_atomic_next(KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX); \ seq; \ }) /** * raw_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read critical section w/o * lockdep and w/o counter stabilization * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * raw_seqcount_begin opens a read critical section of the given * seqcount_t. Unlike read_seqcount_begin(), this function will not wait * for the count to stabilize. If a writer is active when it begins, it * will fail the read_seqcount_retry() at the end of the read critical * section instead of stabilizing at the beginning of it. * * Use this only in special kernel hot paths where the read section is * small and has a high probability of success through other external * means. It will save a single branching instruction. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ /* \ * If the counter is odd, let read_seqcount_retry() fail \ * by decrementing the counter. \ */ \ raw_read_seqcount(s) & ~1; \ }) /** * __read_seqcount_retry() - end a seqcount_t read section w/o barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @start: count, from read_seqcount_begin() * * __read_seqcount_retry is like read_seqcount_retry, but has no smp_rmb() * barrier. Callers should ensure that smp_rmb() or equivalent ordering is * provided before actually loading any of the variables that are to be * protected in this critical section. * * Use carefully, only in critical code, and comment how the barrier is * provided. * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ #define __read_seqcount_retry(s, start) \ __read_seqcount_t_retry(__seqcount_ptr(s), start) static inline int __read_seqcount_t_retry(const seqcount_t *s, unsigned start) { kcsan_atomic_next(0); return unlikely(READ_ONCE(s->sequence) != start); } /** * read_seqcount_retry() - end a seqcount_t read critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @start: count, from read_seqcount_begin() * * read_seqcount_retry closes the read critical section of given * seqcount_t. If the critical section was invalid, it must be ignored * (and typically retried). * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ #define read_seqcount_retry(s, start) \ read_seqcount_t_retry(__seqcount_ptr(s), start) static inline int read_seqcount_t_retry(const seqcount_t *s, unsigned start) { smp_rmb(); return __read_seqcount_t_retry(s, start); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_begin() - start a seqcount_t write section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants */ #define raw_write_seqcount_begin(s) \ do { \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ } while (0) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(seqcount_t *s) { kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence++; smp_wmb(); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_end() - end a seqcount_t write section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants */ #define raw_write_seqcount_end(s) \ do { \ raw_write_seqcount_t_end(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_end(seqcount_t *s) { smp_wmb(); s->sequence++; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /** * write_seqcount_begin_nested() - start a seqcount_t write section with * custom lockdep nesting level * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @subclass: lockdep nesting level * * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst */ #define write_seqcount_begin_nested(s, subclass) \ do { \ __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(__seqcount_ptr(s), subclass); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(seqcount_t *s, int subclass) { raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(s); seqcount_acquire(&s->dep_map, subclass, 0, _RET_IP_); } /** * write_seqcount_begin() - start a seqcount_t write side critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * write_seqcount_begin opens a write side critical section of the given * seqcount_t. * * Context: seqcount_t write side critical sections must be serialized and * non-preemptible. If readers can be invoked from hardirq or softirq * context, interrupts or bottom halves must be respectively disabled. */ #define write_seqcount_begin(s) \ do { \ __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ write_seqcount_t_begin(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_begin(seqcount_t *s) { write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(s, 0); } /** * write_seqcount_end() - end a seqcount_t write side critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * The write section must've been opened with write_seqcount_begin(). */ #define write_seqcount_end(s) \ do { \ write_seqcount_t_end(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_end(seqcount_t *s) { seqcount_release(&s->dep_map, _RET_IP_); raw_write_seqcount_t_end(s); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_barrier() - do a seqcount_t write barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * This can be used to provide an ordering guarantee instead of the usual * consistency guarantee. It is one wmb cheaper, because it can collapse * the two back-to-back wmb()s. * * Note that writes surrounding the barrier should be declared atomic (e.g. * via WRITE_ONCE): a) to ensure the writes become visible to other threads * atomically, avoiding compiler optimizations; b) to document which writes are * meant to propagate to the reader critical section. This is necessary because * neither writes before and after the barrier are enclosed in a seq-writer * critical section that would ensure readers are aware of ongoing writes:: * * seqcount_t seq; * bool X = true, Y = false; * * void read(void) * { * bool x, y; * * do { * int s = read_seqcount_begin(&seq); * * x = X; y = Y; * * } while (read_seqcount_retry(&seq, s)); * * BUG_ON(!x && !y); * } * * void write(void) * { * WRITE_ONCE(Y, true); * * raw_write_seqcount_barrier(seq); * * WRITE_ONCE(X, false); * } */ #define raw_write_seqcount_barrier(s) \ raw_write_seqcount_t_barrier(__seqcount_ptr(s)) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_barrier(seqcount_t *s) { kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence++; smp_wmb(); s->sequence++; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /** * write_seqcount_invalidate() - invalidate in-progress seqcount_t read * side operations * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * After write_seqcount_invalidate, no seqcount_t read side operations * will complete successfully and see data older than this. */ #define write_seqcount_invalidate(s) \ write_seqcount_t_invalidate(__seqcount_ptr(s)) static inline void write_seqcount_t_invalidate(seqcount_t *s) { smp_wmb(); kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence+=2; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /* * Latch sequence counters (seqcount_latch_t) * * A sequence counter variant where the counter even/odd value is used to * switch between two copies of protected data. This allows the read path, * typically NMIs, to safely interrupt the write side critical section. * * As the write sections are fully preemptible, no special handling for * PREEMPT_RT is needed. */ typedef struct { seqcount_t seqcount; } seqcount_latch_t; /** * SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO() - static initializer for seqcount_latch_t * @seq_name: Name of the seqcount_latch_t instance */ #define SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO(seq_name) { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_ZERO(seq_name.seqcount), \ } /** * seqcount_latch_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_latch_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_latch_t instance */ #define seqcount_latch_init(s) seqcount_init(&(s)->seqcount) /** * raw_read_seqcount_latch() - pick even/odd latch data copy * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * * See raw_write_seqcount_latch() for details and a full reader/writer * usage example. * * Return: sequence counter raw value. Use the lowest bit as an index for * picking which data copy to read. The full counter must then be checked * with read_seqcount_latch_retry(). */ static inline unsigned raw_read_seqcount_latch(const seqcount_latch_t *s) { /* * Pairs with the first smp_wmb() in raw_write_seqcount_latch(). * Due to the dependent load, a full smp_rmb() is not needed. */ return READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); } /** * read_seqcount_latch_retry() - end a seqcount_latch_t read section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * @start: count, from raw_read_seqcount_latch() * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ static inline int read_seqcount_latch_retry(const seqcount_latch_t *s, unsigned start) { return read_seqcount_retry(&s->seqcount, start); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_latch() - redirect latch readers to even/odd copy * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * * The latch technique is a multiversion concurrency control method that allows * queries during non-atomic modifications. If you can guarantee queries never * interrupt the modification -- e.g. the concurrency is strictly between CPUs * -- you most likely do not need this. * * Where the traditional RCU/lockless data structures rely on atomic * modifications to ensure queries observe either the old or the new state the * latch allows the same for non-atomic updates. The trade-off is doubling the * cost of storage; we have to maintain two copies of the entire data * structure. * * Very simply put: we first modify one copy and then the other. This ensures * there is always one copy in a stable state, ready to give us an answer. * * The basic form is a data structure like:: * * struct latch_struct { * seqcount_latch_t seq; * struct data_struct data[2]; * }; * * Where a modification, which is assumed to be externally serialized, does the * following:: * * void latch_modify(struct latch_struct *latch, ...) * { * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the last data[1] update is visible * latch->seq.sequence++; * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the seqcount update is visible * * modify(latch->data[0], ...); * * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the data[0] update is visible * latch->seq.sequence++; * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the seqcount update is visible * * modify(latch->data[1], ...); * } * * The query will have a form like:: * * struct entry *latch_query(struct latch_struct *latch, ...) * { * struct entry *entry; * unsigned seq, idx; * * do { * seq = raw_read_seqcount_latch(&latch->seq); * * idx = seq & 0x01; * entry = data_query(latch->data[idx], ...); * * // This includes needed smp_rmb() * } while (read_seqcount_latch_retry(&latch->seq, seq)); * * return entry; * } * * So during the modification, queries are first redirected to data[1]. Then we * modify data[0]. When that is complete, we redirect queries back to data[0] * and we can modify data[1]. * * NOTE: * * The non-requirement for atomic modifications does _NOT_ include * the publishing of new entries in the case where data is a dynamic * data structure. * * An iteration might start in data[0] and get suspended long enough * to miss an entire modification sequence, once it resumes it might * observe the new entry. * * NOTE2: * * When data is a dynamic data structure; one should use regular RCU * patterns to manage the lifetimes of the objects within. */ static inline void raw_write_seqcount_latch(seqcount_latch_t *s) { smp_wmb(); /* prior stores before incrementing "sequence" */ s->seqcount.sequence++; smp_wmb(); /* increment "sequence" before following stores */ } /* * Sequential locks (seqlock_t) * * Sequence counters with an embedded spinlock for writer serialization * and non-preemptibility. * * For more info, see: * - Comments on top of seqcount_t * - Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ typedef struct { /* * Make sure that readers don't starve writers on PREEMPT_RT: use * seqcount_spinlock_t instead of seqcount_t. Check __SEQ_LOCK(). */ seqcount_spinlock_t seqcount; spinlock_t lock; } seqlock_t; #define __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \ { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_SPINLOCK_ZERO(lockname, &(lockname).lock), \ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \ } /** * seqlock_init() - dynamic initializer for seqlock_t * @sl: Pointer to the seqlock_t instance */ #define seqlock_init(sl) \ do { \ spin_lock_init(&(sl)->lock); \ seqcount_spinlock_init(&(sl)->seqcount, &(sl)->lock); \ } while (0) /** * DEFINE_SEQLOCK(sl) - Define a statically allocated seqlock_t * @sl: Name of the seqlock_t instance */ #define DEFINE_SEQLOCK(sl) \ seqlock_t sl = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(sl) /** * read_seqbegin() - start a seqlock_t read side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * Return: count, to be passed to read_seqretry() */ static inline unsigned read_seqbegin(const seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned ret = read_seqcount_begin(&sl->seqcount); kcsan_atomic_next(0); /* non-raw usage, assume closing read_seqretry() */ kcsan_flat_atomic_begin(); return ret; } /** * read_seqretry() - end a seqlock_t read side section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @start: count, from read_seqbegin() * * read_seqretry closes the read side critical section of given seqlock_t. * If the critical section was invalid, it must be ignored (and typically * retried). * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ static inline unsigned read_seqretry(const seqlock_t *sl, unsigned start) { /* * Assume not nested: read_seqretry() may be called multiple times when * completing read critical section. */ kcsan_flat_atomic_end(); return read_seqcount_retry(&sl->seqcount, start); } /* * For all seqlock_t write side functions, use write_seqcount_*t*_begin() * instead of the generic write_seqcount_begin(). This way, no redundant * lockdep_assert_held() checks are added. */ /** * write_seqlock() - start a seqlock_t write side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_seqlock opens a write side critical section for the given * seqlock_t. It also implicitly acquires the spinlock_t embedded inside * that sequential lock. All seqlock_t write side sections are thus * automatically serialized and non-preemptible. * * Context: if the seqlock_t read section, or other write side critical * sections, can be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the * _irqsave or _bh variants of this function instead. */ static inline void write_seqlock(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock() - end a seqlock_t write side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock closes the (serialized and non-preemptible) write side * critical section of given seqlock_t. */ static inline void write_sequnlock(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock(&sl->lock); } /** * write_seqlock_bh() - start a softirqs-disabled seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _bh variant of write_seqlock(). Use only if the read side section, or * other write side sections, can be invoked from softirq contexts. */ static inline void write_seqlock_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_bh(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock_bh() - end a softirqs-disabled seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock_bh closes the serialized, non-preemptible, and * softirqs-disabled, seqlock_t write side critical section opened with * write_seqlock_bh(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * write_seqlock_irq() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _irq variant of write_seqlock(). Use only if the read side section, or * other write sections, can be invoked from hardirq contexts. */ static inline void write_seqlock_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_irq(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock_irq() - end a non-interruptible seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock_irq closes the serialized and non-interruptible * seqlock_t write side section opened with write_seqlock_irq(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_irq(&sl->lock); } static inline unsigned long __write_seqlock_irqsave(seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&sl->lock, flags); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); return flags; } /** * write_seqlock_irqsave() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t write * section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Stack-allocated storage for saving caller's local interrupt * state, to be passed to write_sequnlock_irqrestore(). * * _irqsave variant of write_seqlock(). Use it only if the read side * section, or other write sections, can be invoked from hardirq context. */ #define write_seqlock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { flags = __write_seqlock_irqsave(lock); } while (0) /** * write_sequnlock_irqrestore() - end non-interruptible seqlock_t write * section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Caller's saved interrupt state, from write_seqlock_irqsave() * * write_sequnlock_irqrestore closes the serialized and non-interruptible * seqlock_t write section previously opened with write_seqlock_irqsave(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_irqrestore(seqlock_t *sl, unsigned long flags) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sl->lock, flags); } /** * read_seqlock_excl() - begin a seqlock_t locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * read_seqlock_excl opens a seqlock_t locking reader critical section. A * locking reader exclusively locks out *both* other writers *and* other * locking readers, but it does not update the embedded sequence number. * * Locking readers act like a normal spin_lock()/spin_unlock(). * * Context: if the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can * be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the _irqsave or _bh * variant of this function instead. * * The opened read section must be closed with read_sequnlock_excl(). */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl() - end a seqlock_t locking reader critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock(&sl->lock); } /** * read_seqlock_excl_bh() - start a seqlock_t locking reader section with * softirqs disabled * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _bh variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this variant only if the * seqlock_t write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked * from softirq contexts. */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl_bh() - stop a seqlock_t softirq-disabled locking * reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * read_seqlock_excl_irq() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t locking * reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _irq variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this only if the seqlock_t * write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked from a * hardirq context. */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_irq(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl_irq() - end an interrupts-disabled seqlock_t * locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock_irq(&sl->lock); } static inline unsigned long __read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&sl->lock, flags); return flags; } /** * read_seqlock_excl_irqsave() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t * locking reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Stack-allocated storage for saving caller's local interrupt * state, to be passed to read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(). * * _irqsave variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this only if the seqlock_t * write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked from a * hardirq context. */ #define read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { flags = __read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock); } while (0) /** * read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore() - end non-interruptible seqlock_t * locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Caller saved interrupt state, from read_seqlock_excl_irqsave() */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(seqlock_t *sl, unsigned long flags) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sl->lock, flags); } /** * read_seqbegin_or_lock() - begin a seqlock_t lockless or locking reader * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq : Marker and return parameter. If the passed value is even, the * reader will become a *lockless* seqlock_t reader as in read_seqbegin(). * If the passed value is odd, the reader will become a *locking* reader * as in read_seqlock_excl(). In the first call to this function, the * caller *must* initialize and pass an even value to @seq; this way, a * lockless read can be optimistically tried first. * * read_seqbegin_or_lock is an API designed to optimistically try a normal * lockless seqlock_t read section first. If an odd counter is found, the * lockless read trial has failed, and the next read iteration transforms * itself into a full seqlock_t locking reader. * * This is typically used to avoid seqlock_t lockless readers starvation * (too much retry loops) in the case of a sharp spike in write side * activity. * * Context: if the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can * be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the _irqsave or _bh * variant of this function instead. * * Check Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst for template example code. * * Return: the encountered sequence counter value, through the @seq * parameter, which is overloaded as a return parameter. This returned * value must be checked with need_seqretry(). If the read section need to * be retried, this returned value must also be passed as the @seq * parameter of the next read_seqbegin_or_lock() iteration. */ static inline void read_seqbegin_or_lock(seqlock_t *lock, int *seq) { if (!(*seq & 1)) /* Even */ *seq = read_seqbegin(lock); else /* Odd */ read_seqlock_excl(lock); } /** * need_seqretry() - validate seqlock_t "locking or lockless" read section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: sequence count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock() * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, false otherwise */ static inline int need_seqretry(seqlock_t *lock, int seq) { return !(seq & 1) && read_seqretry(lock, seq); } /** * done_seqretry() - end seqlock_t "locking or lockless" reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock() * * done_seqretry finishes the seqlock_t read side critical section started * with read_seqbegin_or_lock() and validated by need_seqretry(). */ static inline void done_seqretry(seqlock_t *lock, int seq) { if (seq & 1) read_sequnlock_excl(lock); } /** * read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() - begin a seqlock_t lockless reader, or * a non-interruptible locking reader * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: Marker and return parameter. Check read_seqbegin_or_lock(). * * This is the _irqsave variant of read_seqbegin_or_lock(). Use it only if * the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked * from hardirq context. * * Note: Interrupts will be disabled only for "locking reader" mode. * * Return: * * 1. The saved local interrupts state in case of a locking reader, to * be passed to done_seqretry_irqrestore(). * * 2. The encountered sequence counter value, returned through @seq * overloaded as a return parameter. Check read_seqbegin_or_lock(). */ static inline unsigned long read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave(seqlock_t *lock, int *seq) { unsigned long flags = 0; if (!(*seq & 1)) /* Even */ *seq = read_seqbegin(lock); else /* Odd */ read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock, flags); return flags; } /** * done_seqretry_irqrestore() - end a seqlock_t lockless reader, or a * non-interruptible locking reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: Count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() * @flags: Caller's saved local interrupt state in case of a locking * reader, also from read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() * * This is the _irqrestore variant of done_seqretry(). The read section * must've been opened with read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave(), and validated * by need_seqretry(). */ static inline void done_seqretry_irqrestore(seqlock_t *lock, int seq, unsigned long flags) { if (seq & 1) read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(lock, flags); } #endif /* __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set sysctls; #endif struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */ struct sock *genl_sock; struct uevent_sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */ struct hlist_head *dev_name_head; struct hlist_head *dev_index_head; struct raw_notifier_head netdev_chain; /* Note that @hash_mix can be read millions times per second, * it is critical that it is on a read_mostly cache line. */ u32 hash_mix; struct net_device *loopback_dev; /* The loopback */ /* core fib_rules */ struct list_head rules_ops; struct netns_core core; struct netns_mib mib; struct netns_packet packet; struct netns_unix unx; struct netns_nexthop nexthop; struct netns_ipv4 ipv4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct netns_ipv6 ipv6; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan ieee802154_lowpan; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP_MODULE) struct netns_sctp sctp; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP_MODULE) struct netns_dccp dccp; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER struct netns_nf nf; struct netns_xt xt; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) struct netns_ct ct; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES_MODULE) struct netns_nftables nft; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_DEFRAG_IPV6) struct netns_nf_frag nf_frag; struct ctl_table_header *nf_frag_frags_hdr; #endif struct sock *nfnl; struct sock *nfnl_stash; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK_ACCT) struct list_head nfnl_acct_list; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CT_NETLINK_TIMEOUT) struct list_head nfct_timeout_list; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WEXT_CORE struct sk_buff_head wext_nlevents; #endif struct net_generic __rcu *gen; /* Used to store attached BPF programs */ struct netns_bpf bpf; /* Note : following structs are cache line aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct netns_xfrm xfrm; #endif atomic64_t net_cookie; /* written once */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) struct netns_ipvs *ipvs; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS) struct netns_mpls mpls; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CAN) struct netns_can can; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS struct netns_xdp xdp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER) struct sock *crypto_nlsk; #endif struct sock *diag_nlsk; } __randomize_layout; #include <linux/seq_file_net.h> /* Init's network namespace */ extern struct net init_net; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net); void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void net_ns_barrier(void); struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns); #else /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> static inline struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWNET) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_net; } static inline void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } static inline void net_ns_barrier(void) {} static inline struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ extern struct list_head net_namespace_list; struct net *get_net_ns_by_pid(pid_t pid); struct net *get_net_ns_by_fd(int fd); u64 __net_gen_cookie(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void ipx_register_sysctl(void); void ipx_unregister_sysctl(void); #else #define ipx_register_sysctl() #define ipx_unregister_sysctl() #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS void __put_net(struct net *net); static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { refcount_inc(&net->count); return net; } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { /* Used when we know struct net exists but we * aren't guaranteed a previous reference count * exists. If the reference count is zero this * function fails and returns NULL. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&net->count)) net = NULL; return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&net->count)) __put_net(net); } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return net1 == net2; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return refcount_read(&net->count) != 0; } void net_drop_ns(void *); #else static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return 1; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return 1; } #define net_drop_ns NULL #endif typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif } possible_net_t; static inline void write_pnet(possible_net_t *pnet, struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS pnet->net = net; #endif } static inline struct net *read_pnet(const possible_net_t *pnet) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return pnet->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* Protected by net_rwsem */ #define for_each_net(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_continue_reverse(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_rcu(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS #define __net_init #define __net_exit #define __net_initdata #define __net_initconst #else #define __net_init __init #define __net_exit __ref #define __net_initdata __initdata #define __net_initconst __initconst #endif int peernet2id_alloc(struct net *net, struct net *peer, gfp_t gfp); int peernet2id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); bool peernet_has_id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); struct net *get_net_ns_by_id(const struct net *net, int id); struct pernet_operations { struct list_head list; /* * Below methods are called without any exclusive locks. * More than one net may be constructed and destructed * in parallel on several cpus. Every pernet_operations * have to keep in mind all other pernet_operations and * to introduce a locking, if they share common resources. * * The only time they are called with exclusive lock is * from register_pernet_subsys(), unregister_pernet_subsys() * register_pernet_device() and unregister_pernet_device(). * * Exit methods using blocking RCU primitives, such as * synchronize_rcu(), should be implemented via exit_batch. * Then, destruction of a group of net requires single * synchronize_rcu() related to these pernet_operations, * instead of separate synchronize_rcu() for every net. * Please, avoid synchronize_rcu() at all, where it's possible. * * Note that a combination of pre_exit() and exit() can * be used, since a synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed between * the calls. */ int (*init)(struct net *net); void (*pre_exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit_batch)(struct list_head *net_exit_list); unsigned int *id; size_t size; }; /* * Use these carefully. If you implement a network device and it * needs per network namespace operations use device pernet operations, * otherwise use pernet subsys operations. * * Network interfaces need to be removed from a dying netns _before_ * subsys notifiers can be called, as most of the network code cleanup * (which is done from subsys notifiers) runs with the assumption that * dev_remove_pack has been called so no new packets will arrive during * and after the cleanup functions have been called. dev_remove_pack * is not per namespace so instead the guarantee of no more packets * arriving in a network namespace is provided by ensuring that all * network devices and all sockets have left the network namespace * before the cleanup methods are called. * * For the longest time the ipv4 icmp code was registered as a pernet * device which caused kernel oops, and panics during network * namespace cleanup. So please don't get this wrong. */ int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int net_sysctl_init(void); struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header); #else static inline int net_sysctl_init(void) { return 0; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header) { } #endif static inline int rt_genid_ipv4(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int rt_genid_ipv6(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv6.fib6_sernum); } #endif static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv4(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } extern void (*__fib6_flush_trees)(struct net *net); static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv6(struct net *net) { if (__fib6_flush_trees) __fib6_flush_trees(net); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) static inline struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan * net_ieee802154_lowpan(struct net *net) { return &net->ieee802154_lowpan; } #endif /* For callers who don't really care about whether it's IPv4 or IPv6 */ static inline void rt_genid_bump_all(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); rt_genid_bump_ipv6(net); } static inline int fnhe_genid(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->fnhe_genid); } static inline void fnhe_genid_bump(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->fnhe_genid); } #endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions of structures and functions for quota formats using trie */ #ifndef _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #define _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #include <linux/types.h> /* Numbers of blocks needed for updates - we count with the smallest * possible block size (1024) */ #define QTREE_INIT_ALLOC 4 #define QTREE_INIT_REWRITE 2 #define QTREE_DEL_ALLOC 0 #define QTREE_DEL_REWRITE 6 struct dquot; struct kqid; /* Operations */ struct qtree_fmt_operations { void (*mem2disk_dqblk)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Convert given entry from in memory format to disk one */ void (*disk2mem_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot, void *disk); /* Convert given entry from disk format to in memory one */ int (*is_id)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Is this structure for given id? */ }; /* Inmemory copy of version specific information */ struct qtree_mem_dqinfo { struct super_block *dqi_sb; /* Sb quota is on */ int dqi_type; /* Quota type */ unsigned int dqi_blocks; /* # of blocks in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_free_blk; /* First block in list of free blocks */ unsigned int dqi_free_entry; /* First block with free entry */ unsigned int dqi_blocksize_bits; /* Block size of quota file */ unsigned int dqi_entry_size; /* Size of quota entry in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_usable_bs; /* Space usable in block for quota data */ unsigned int dqi_qtree_depth; /* Precomputed depth of quota tree */ const struct qtree_fmt_operations *dqi_ops; /* Operations for entry manipulation */ }; int qtree_write_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_read_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_delete_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_release_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_entry_unused(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, char *disk); static inline int qtree_depth(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info) { unsigned int epb = info->dqi_usable_bs >> 2; unsigned long long entries = epb; int i; for (i = 1; entries < (1ULL << 32); i++) entries *= epb; return i; } int qtree_get_next_id(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct kqid *qid); #endif /* _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __IEEE802154_CORE_H #define __IEEE802154_CORE_H #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct cfg802154_registered_device { const struct cfg802154_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* wpan_phy index, internal only */ int wpan_phy_idx; /* also protected by devlist_mtx */ int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; /* associated wpan interfaces, protected by rtnl or RCU */ struct list_head wpan_dev_list; int devlist_generation, wpan_dev_id; /* must be last because of the way we do wpan_phy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wpan_phy wpan_phy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg802154_registered_device * wpan_phy_to_rdev(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy) { BUG_ON(!wpan_phy); return container_of(wpan_phy, struct cfg802154_registered_device, wpan_phy); } extern struct list_head cfg802154_rdev_list; extern int cfg802154_rdev_list_generation; int cfg802154_switch_netns(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); /* free object */ void cfg802154_dev_free(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev); struct cfg802154_registered_device * cfg802154_rdev_by_wpan_phy_idx(int wpan_phy_idx); struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy_idx_to_wpan_phy(int wpan_phy_idx); #endif /* __IEEE802154_CORE_H */
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4218 4219 4220 4221 4222 4223 4224 4225 4226 4227 4228 4229 4230 4231 4232 4233 4234 4235 4236 4237 4238 4239 4240 4241 4242 4243 4244 4245 4246 4247 4248 4249 4250 4251 4252 4253 4254 4255 4256 4257 4258 4259 4260 4261 4262 4263 4264 4265 4266 4267 4268 4269 4270 4271 4272 4273 4274 4275 4276 4277 4278 4279 4280 4281 4282 4283 4284 4285 4286 4287 4288 4289 4290 4291 4292 4293 4294 4295 4296 4297 4298 4299 4300 4301 4302 4303 4304 4305 4306 4307 4308 4309 4310 4311 4312 4313 4314 4315 4316 4317 4318 4319 4320 4321 4322 4323 4324 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/mm/vmscan.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie. * kswapd added: 7.1.96 sct * Removed kswapd_ctl limits, and swap out as many pages as needed * to bring the system back to freepages.high: 2.4.97, Rik van Riel. * Zone aware kswapd started 02/00, Kanoj Sarcar (kanoj@sgi.com). * Multiqueue VM started 5.8.00, Rik van Riel. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/vmpressure.h> #include <linux/vmstat.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_release_page(), buffer_heads_over_limit */ #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/topology.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/compaction.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/prefetch.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/psi.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/div64.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/balloon_compaction.h> #include "internal.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/vmscan.h> struct scan_control { /* How many pages shrink_list() should reclaim */ unsigned long nr_to_reclaim; /* * Nodemask of nodes allowed by the caller. If NULL, all nodes * are scanned. */ nodemask_t *nodemask; /* * The memory cgroup that hit its limit and as a result is the * primary target of this reclaim invocation. */ struct mem_cgroup *target_mem_cgroup; /* * Scan pressure balancing between anon and file LRUs */ unsigned long anon_cost; unsigned long file_cost; /* Can active pages be deactivated as part of reclaim? */ #define DEACTIVATE_ANON 1 #define DEACTIVATE_FILE 2 unsigned int may_deactivate:2; unsigned int force_deactivate:1; unsigned int skipped_deactivate:1; /* Writepage batching in laptop mode; RECLAIM_WRITE */ unsigned int may_writepage:1; /* Can mapped pages be reclaimed? */ unsigned int may_unmap:1; /* Can pages be swapped as part of reclaim? */ unsigned int may_swap:1; /* * Cgroup memory below memory.low is protected as long as we * don't threaten to OOM. If any cgroup is reclaimed at * reduced force or passed over entirely due to its memory.low * setting (memcg_low_skipped), and nothing is reclaimed as a * result, then go back for one more cycle that reclaims the protected * memory (memcg_low_reclaim) to avert OOM. */ unsigned int memcg_low_reclaim:1; unsigned int memcg_low_skipped:1; unsigned int hibernation_mode:1; /* One of the zones is ready for compaction */ unsigned int compaction_ready:1; /* There is easily reclaimable cold cache in the current node */ unsigned int cache_trim_mode:1; /* The file pages on the current node are dangerously low */ unsigned int file_is_tiny:1; /* Allocation order */ s8 order; /* Scan (total_size >> priority) pages at once */ s8 priority; /* The highest zone to isolate pages for reclaim from */ s8 reclaim_idx; /* This context's GFP mask */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* Incremented by the number of inactive pages that were scanned */ unsigned long nr_scanned; /* Number of pages freed so far during a call to shrink_zones() */ unsigned long nr_reclaimed; struct { unsigned int dirty; unsigned int unqueued_dirty; unsigned int congested; unsigned int writeback; unsigned int immediate; unsigned int file_taken; unsigned int taken; } nr; /* for recording the reclaimed slab by now */ struct reclaim_state reclaim_state; }; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_PREFETCHW #define prefetchw_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) \ do { \ if ((_page)->lru.prev != _base) { \ struct page *prev; \ \ prev = lru_to_page(&(_page->lru)); \ prefetchw(&prev->_field); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define prefetchw_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) do { } while (0) #endif /* * From 0 .. 200. Higher means more swappy. */ int vm_swappiness = 60; static void set_task_reclaim_state(struct task_struct *task, struct reclaim_state *rs) { /* Check for an overwrite */ WARN_ON_ONCE(rs && task->reclaim_state); /* Check for the nulling of an already-nulled member */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rs && !task->reclaim_state); task->reclaim_state = rs; } static LIST_HEAD(shrinker_list); static DECLARE_RWSEM(shrinker_rwsem); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * We allow subsystems to populate their shrinker-related * LRU lists before register_shrinker_prepared() is called * for the shrinker, since we don't want to impose * restrictions on their internal registration order. * In this case shrink_slab_memcg() may find corresponding * bit is set in the shrinkers map. * * This value is used by the function to detect registering * shrinkers and to skip do_shrink_slab() calls for them. */ #define SHRINKER_REGISTERING ((struct shrinker *)~0UL) static DEFINE_IDR(shrinker_idr); static int shrinker_nr_max; static int prealloc_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { int id, ret = -ENOMEM; down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); /* This may call shrinker, so it must use down_read_trylock() */ id = idr_alloc(&shrinker_idr, SHRINKER_REGISTERING, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (id < 0) goto unlock; if (id >= shrinker_nr_max) { if (memcg_expand_shrinker_maps(id)) { idr_remove(&shrinker_idr, id); goto unlock; } shrinker_nr_max = id + 1; } shrinker->id = id; ret = 0; unlock: up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); return ret; } static void unregister_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { int id = shrinker->id; BUG_ON(id < 0); down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); idr_remove(&shrinker_idr, id); up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); } static bool cgroup_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc) { return sc->target_mem_cgroup; } /** * writeback_throttling_sane - is the usual dirty throttling mechanism available? * @sc: scan_control in question * * The normal page dirty throttling mechanism in balance_dirty_pages() is * completely broken with the legacy memcg and direct stalling in * shrink_page_list() is used for throttling instead, which lacks all the * niceties such as fairness, adaptive pausing, bandwidth proportional * allocation and configurability. * * This function tests whether the vmscan currently in progress can assume * that the normal dirty throttling mechanism is operational. */ static bool writeback_throttling_sane(struct scan_control *sc) { if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) return true; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK if (cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) return true; #endif return false; } #else static int prealloc_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { return 0; } static void unregister_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { } static bool cgroup_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc) { return false; } static bool writeback_throttling_sane(struct scan_control *sc) { return true; } #endif /* * This misses isolated pages which are not accounted for to save counters. * As the data only determines if reclaim or compaction continues, it is * not expected that isolated pages will be a dominating factor. */ unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone) { unsigned long nr; nr = zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_FILE) + zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_FILE); if (get_nr_swap_pages() > 0) nr += zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_ANON) + zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_ANON); return nr; } /** * lruvec_lru_size - Returns the number of pages on the given LRU list. * @lruvec: lru vector * @lru: lru to use * @zone_idx: zones to consider (use MAX_NR_ZONES for the whole LRU list) */ unsigned long lruvec_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zone_idx) { unsigned long size = 0; int zid; for (zid = 0; zid <= zone_idx && zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) { struct zone *zone = &lruvec_pgdat(lruvec)->node_zones[zid]; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; if (!mem_cgroup_disabled()) size += mem_cgroup_get_zone_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zid); else size += zone_page_state(zone, NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE + lru); } return size; } /* * Add a shrinker callback to be called from the vm. */ int prealloc_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { unsigned int size = sizeof(*shrinker->nr_deferred); if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE) size *= nr_node_ids; shrinker->nr_deferred = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!shrinker->nr_deferred) return -ENOMEM; if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) { if (prealloc_memcg_shrinker(shrinker)) goto free_deferred; } return 0; free_deferred: kfree(shrinker->nr_deferred); shrinker->nr_deferred = NULL; return -ENOMEM; } void free_prealloced_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { if (!shrinker->nr_deferred) return; if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) unregister_memcg_shrinker(shrinker); kfree(shrinker->nr_deferred); shrinker->nr_deferred = NULL; } void register_shrinker_prepared(struct shrinker *shrinker) { down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); list_add_tail(&shrinker->list, &shrinker_list); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) idr_replace(&shrinker_idr, shrinker, shrinker->id); #endif up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); } int register_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { int err = prealloc_shrinker(shrinker); if (err) return err; register_shrinker_prepared(shrinker); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_shrinker); /* * Remove one */ void unregister_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { if (!shrinker->nr_deferred) return; if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) unregister_memcg_shrinker(shrinker); down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); list_del(&shrinker->list); up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); kfree(shrinker->nr_deferred); shrinker->nr_deferred = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_shrinker); #define SHRINK_BATCH 128 static unsigned long do_shrink_slab(struct shrink_control *shrinkctl, struct shrinker *shrinker, int priority) { unsigned long freed = 0; unsigned long long delta; long total_scan; long freeable; long nr; long new_nr; int nid = shrinkctl->nid; long batch_size = shrinker->batch ? shrinker->batch : SHRINK_BATCH; long scanned = 0, next_deferred; if (!(shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE)) nid = 0; freeable = shrinker->count_objects(shrinker, shrinkctl); if (freeable == 0 || freeable == SHRINK_EMPTY) return freeable; /* * copy the current shrinker scan count into a local variable * and zero it so that other concurrent shrinker invocations * don't also do this scanning work. */ nr = atomic_long_xchg(&shrinker->nr_deferred[nid], 0); total_scan = nr; if (shrinker->seeks) { delta = freeable >> priority; delta *= 4; do_div(delta, shrinker->seeks); } else { /* * These objects don't require any IO to create. Trim * them aggressively under memory pressure to keep * them from causing refetches in the IO caches. */ delta = freeable / 2; } total_scan += delta; if (total_scan < 0) { pr_err("shrink_slab: %pS negative objects to delete nr=%ld\n", shrinker->scan_objects, total_scan); total_scan = freeable; next_deferred = nr; } else next_deferred = total_scan; /* * We need to avoid excessive windup on filesystem shrinkers * due to large numbers of GFP_NOFS allocations causing the * shrinkers to return -1 all the time. This results in a large * nr being built up so when a shrink that can do some work * comes along it empties the entire cache due to nr >>> * freeable. This is bad for sustaining a working set in * memory. * * Hence only allow the shrinker to scan the entire cache when * a large delta change is calculated directly. */ if (delta < freeable / 4) total_scan = min(total_scan, freeable / 2); /* * Avoid risking looping forever due to too large nr value: * never try to free more than twice the estimate number of * freeable entries. */ if (total_scan > freeable * 2) total_scan = freeable * 2; trace_mm_shrink_slab_start(shrinker, shrinkctl, nr, freeable, delta, total_scan, priority); /* * Normally, we should not scan less than batch_size objects in one * pass to avoid too frequent shrinker calls, but if the slab has less * than batch_size objects in total and we are really tight on memory, * we will try to reclaim all available objects, otherwise we can end * up failing allocations although there are plenty of reclaimable * objects spread over several slabs with usage less than the * batch_size. * * We detect the "tight on memory" situations by looking at the total * number of objects we want to scan (total_scan). If it is greater * than the total number of objects on slab (freeable), we must be * scanning at high prio and therefore should try to reclaim as much as * possible. */ while (total_scan >= batch_size || total_scan >= freeable) { unsigned long ret; unsigned long nr_to_scan = min(batch_size, total_scan); shrinkctl->nr_to_scan = nr_to_scan; shrinkctl->nr_scanned = nr_to_scan; ret = shrinker->scan_objects(shrinker, shrinkctl); if (ret == SHRINK_STOP) break; freed += ret; count_vm_events(SLABS_SCANNED, shrinkctl->nr_scanned); total_scan -= shrinkctl->nr_scanned; scanned += shrinkctl->nr_scanned; cond_resched(); } if (next_deferred >= scanned) next_deferred -= scanned; else next_deferred = 0; /* * move the unused scan count back into the shrinker in a * manner that handles concurrent updates. If we exhausted the * scan, there is no need to do an update. */ if (next_deferred > 0) new_nr = atomic_long_add_return(next_deferred, &shrinker->nr_deferred[nid]); else new_nr = atomic_long_read(&shrinker->nr_deferred[nid]); trace_mm_shrink_slab_end(shrinker, nid, freed, nr, new_nr, total_scan); return freed; } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static unsigned long shrink_slab_memcg(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int priority) { struct memcg_shrinker_map *map; unsigned long ret, freed = 0; int i; if (!mem_cgroup_online(memcg)) return 0; if (!down_read_trylock(&shrinker_rwsem)) return 0; map = rcu_dereference_protected(memcg->nodeinfo[nid]->shrinker_map, true); if (unlikely(!map)) goto unlock; for_each_set_bit(i, map->map, shrinker_nr_max) { struct shrink_control sc = { .gfp_mask = gfp_mask, .nid = nid, .memcg = memcg, }; struct shrinker *shrinker; shrinker = idr_find(&shrinker_idr, i); if (unlikely(!shrinker || shrinker == SHRINKER_REGISTERING)) { if (!shrinker) clear_bit(i, map->map); continue; } /* Call non-slab shrinkers even though kmem is disabled */ if (!memcg_kmem_enabled() && !(shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NONSLAB)) continue; ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority); if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY) { clear_bit(i, map->map); /* * After the shrinker reported that it had no objects to * free, but before we cleared the corresponding bit in * the memcg shrinker map, a new object might have been * added. To make sure, we have the bit set in this * case, we invoke the shrinker one more time and reset * the bit if it reports that it is not empty anymore. * The memory barrier here pairs with the barrier in * memcg_set_shrinker_bit(): * * list_lru_add() shrink_slab_memcg() * list_add_tail() clear_bit() * <MB> <MB> * set_bit() do_shrink_slab() */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority); if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY) ret = 0; else memcg_set_shrinker_bit(memcg, nid, i); } freed += ret; if (rwsem_is_contended(&shrinker_rwsem)) { freed = freed ? : 1; break; } } unlock: up_read(&shrinker_rwsem); return freed; } #else /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ static unsigned long shrink_slab_memcg(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int priority) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ /** * shrink_slab - shrink slab caches * @gfp_mask: allocation context * @nid: node whose slab caches to target * @memcg: memory cgroup whose slab caches to target * @priority: the reclaim priority * * Call the shrink functions to age shrinkable caches. * * @nid is passed along to shrinkers with SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE set, * unaware shrinkers will receive a node id of 0 instead. * * @memcg specifies the memory cgroup to target. Unaware shrinkers * are called only if it is the root cgroup. * * @priority is sc->priority, we take the number of objects and >> by priority * in order to get the scan target. * * Returns the number of reclaimed slab objects. */ static unsigned long shrink_slab(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int priority) { unsigned long ret, freed = 0; struct shrinker *shrinker; /* * The root memcg might be allocated even though memcg is disabled * via "cgroup_disable=memory" boot parameter. This could make * mem_cgroup_is_root() return false, then just run memcg slab * shrink, but skip global shrink. This may result in premature * oom. */ if (!mem_cgroup_disabled() && !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) return shrink_slab_memcg(gfp_mask, nid, memcg, priority); if (!down_read_trylock(&shrinker_rwsem)) goto out; list_for_each_entry(shrinker, &shrinker_list, list) { struct shrink_control sc = { .gfp_mask = gfp_mask, .nid = nid, .memcg = memcg, }; ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority); if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY) ret = 0; freed += ret; /* * Bail out if someone want to register a new shrinker to * prevent the registration from being stalled for long periods * by parallel ongoing shrinking. */ if (rwsem_is_contended(&shrinker_rwsem)) { freed = freed ? : 1; break; } } up_read(&shrinker_rwsem); out: cond_resched(); return freed; } void drop_slab_node(int nid) { unsigned long freed; do { struct mem_cgroup *memcg = NULL; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return; freed = 0; memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, NULL, NULL); do { freed += shrink_slab(GFP_KERNEL, nid, memcg, 0); } while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, memcg, NULL)) != NULL); } while (freed > 10); } void drop_slab(void) { int nid; for_each_online_node(nid) drop_slab_node(nid); } static inline int is_page_cache_freeable(struct page *page) { /* * A freeable page cache page is referenced only by the caller * that isolated the page, the page cache and optional buffer * heads at page->private. */ int page_cache_pins = thp_nr_pages(page); return page_count(page) - page_has_private(page) == 1 + page_cache_pins; } static int may_write_to_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (current->flags & PF_SWAPWRITE) return 1; if (!inode_write_congested(inode)) return 1; if (inode_to_bdi(inode) == current->backing_dev_info) return 1; return 0; } /* * We detected a synchronous write error writing a page out. Probably * -ENOSPC. We need to propagate that into the address_space for a subsequent * fsync(), msync() or close(). * * The tricky part is that after writepage we cannot touch the mapping: nothing * prevents it from being freed up. But we have a ref on the page and once * that page is locked, the mapping is pinned. * * We're allowed to run sleeping lock_page() here because we know the caller has * __GFP_FS. */ static void handle_write_error(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page, int error) { lock_page(page); if (page_mapping(page) == mapping) mapping_set_error(mapping, error); unlock_page(page); } /* possible outcome of pageout() */ typedef enum { /* failed to write page out, page is locked */ PAGE_KEEP, /* move page to the active list, page is locked */ PAGE_ACTIVATE, /* page has been sent to the disk successfully, page is unlocked */ PAGE_SUCCESS, /* page is clean and locked */ PAGE_CLEAN, } pageout_t; /* * pageout is called by shrink_page_list() for each dirty page. * Calls ->writepage(). */ static pageout_t pageout(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping) { /* * If the page is dirty, only perform writeback if that write * will be non-blocking. To prevent this allocation from being * stalled by pagecache activity. But note that there may be * stalls if we need to run get_block(). We could test * PagePrivate for that. * * If this process is currently in __generic_file_write_iter() against * this page's queue, we can perform writeback even if that * will block. * * If the page is swapcache, write it back even if that would * block, for some throttling. This happens by accident, because * swap_backing_dev_info is bust: it doesn't reflect the * congestion state of the swapdevs. Easy to fix, if needed. */ if (!is_page_cache_freeable(page)) return PAGE_KEEP; if (!mapping) { /* * Some data journaling orphaned pages can have * page->mapping == NULL while being dirty with clean buffers. */ if (page_has_private(page)) { if (try_to_free_buffers(page)) { ClearPageDirty(page); pr_info("%s: orphaned page\n", __func__); return PAGE_CLEAN; } } return PAGE_KEEP; } if (mapping->a_ops->writepage == NULL) return PAGE_ACTIVATE; if (!may_write_to_inode(mapping->host)) return PAGE_KEEP; if (clear_page_dirty_for_io(page)) { int res; struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE, .nr_to_write = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, .range_start = 0, .range_end = LLONG_MAX, .for_reclaim = 1, }; SetPageReclaim(page); res = mapping->a_ops->writepage(page, &wbc); if (res < 0) handle_write_error(mapping, page, res); if (res == AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE) { ClearPageReclaim(page); return PAGE_ACTIVATE; } if (!PageWriteback(page)) { /* synchronous write or broken a_ops? */ ClearPageReclaim(page); } trace_mm_vmscan_writepage(page); inc_node_page_state(page, NR_VMSCAN_WRITE); return PAGE_SUCCESS; } return PAGE_CLEAN; } /* * Same as remove_mapping, but if the page is removed from the mapping, it * gets returned with a refcount of 0. */ static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page, bool reclaimed, struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg) { unsigned long flags; int refcount; void *shadow = NULL; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(mapping != page_mapping(page)); xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); /* * The non racy check for a busy page. * * Must be careful with the order of the tests. When someone has * a ref to the page, it may be possible that they dirty it then * drop the reference. So if PageDirty is tested before page_count * here, then the following race may occur: * * get_user_pages(&page); * [user mapping goes away] * write_to(page); * !PageDirty(page) [good] * SetPageDirty(page); * put_page(page); * !page_count(page) [good, discard it] * * [oops, our write_to data is lost] * * Reversing the order of the tests ensures such a situation cannot * escape unnoticed. The smp_rmb is needed to ensure the page->flags * load is not satisfied before that of page->_refcount. * * Note that if SetPageDirty is always performed via set_page_dirty, * and thus under the i_pages lock, then this ordering is not required. */ refcount = 1 + compound_nr(page); if (!page_ref_freeze(page, refcount)) goto cannot_free; /* note: atomic_cmpxchg in page_ref_freeze provides the smp_rmb */ if (unlikely(PageDirty(page))) { page_ref_unfreeze(page, refcount); goto cannot_free; } if (PageSwapCache(page)) { swp_entry_t swap = { .val = page_private(page) }; mem_cgroup_swapout(page, swap); if (reclaimed && !mapping_exiting(mapping)) shadow = workingset_eviction(page, target_memcg); __delete_from_swap_cache(page, swap, shadow); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); put_swap_page(page, swap); } else { void (*freepage)(struct page *); freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage; /* * Remember a shadow entry for reclaimed file cache in * order to detect refaults, thus thrashing, later on. * * But don't store shadows in an address space that is * already exiting. This is not just an optimization, * inode reclaim needs to empty out the radix tree or * the nodes are lost. Don't plant shadows behind its * back. * * We also don't store shadows for DAX mappings because the * only page cache pages found in these are zero pages * covering holes, and because we don't want to mix DAX * exceptional entries and shadow exceptional entries in the * same address_space. */ if (reclaimed && page_is_file_lru(page) && !mapping_exiting(mapping) && !dax_mapping(mapping)) shadow = workingset_eviction(page, target_memcg); __delete_from_page_cache(page, shadow); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); if (freepage != NULL) freepage(page); } return 1; cannot_free: xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); return 0; } /* * Attempt to detach a locked page from its ->mapping. If it is dirty or if * someone else has a ref on the page, abort and return 0. If it was * successfully detached, return 1. Assumes the caller has a single ref on * this page. */ int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { if (__remove_mapping(mapping, page, false, NULL)) { /* * Unfreezing the refcount with 1 rather than 2 effectively * drops the pagecache ref for us without requiring another * atomic operation. */ page_ref_unfreeze(page, 1); return 1; } return 0; } /** * putback_lru_page - put previously isolated page onto appropriate LRU list * @page: page to be put back to appropriate lru list * * Add previously isolated @page to appropriate LRU list. * Page may still be unevictable for other reasons. * * lru_lock must not be held, interrupts must be enabled. */ void putback_lru_page(struct page *page) { lru_cache_add(page); put_page(page); /* drop ref from isolate */ } enum page_references { PAGEREF_RECLAIM, PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN, PAGEREF_KEEP, PAGEREF_ACTIVATE, }; static enum page_references page_check_references(struct page *page, struct scan_control *sc) { int referenced_ptes, referenced_page; unsigned long vm_flags; referenced_ptes = page_referenced(page, 1, sc->target_mem_cgroup, &vm_flags); referenced_page = TestClearPageReferenced(page); /* * Mlock lost the isolation race with us. Let try_to_unmap() * move the page to the unevictable list. */ if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) return PAGEREF_RECLAIM; if (referenced_ptes) { /* * All mapped pages start out with page table * references from the instantiating fault, so we need * to look twice if a mapped file page is used more * than once. * * Mark it and spare it for another trip around the * inactive list. Another page table reference will * lead to its activation. * * Note: the mark is set for activated pages as well * so that recently deactivated but used pages are * quickly recovered. */ SetPageReferenced(page); if (referenced_page || referenced_ptes > 1) return PAGEREF_ACTIVATE; /* * Activate file-backed executable pages after first usage. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_EXEC) && !PageSwapBacked(page)) return PAGEREF_ACTIVATE; return PAGEREF_KEEP; } /* Reclaim if clean, defer dirty pages to writeback */ if (referenced_page && !PageSwapBacked(page)) return PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN; return PAGEREF_RECLAIM; } /* Check if a page is dirty or under writeback */ static void page_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback) { struct address_space *mapping; /* * Anonymous pages are not handled by flushers and must be written * from reclaim context. Do not stall reclaim based on them */ if (!page_is_file_lru(page) || (PageAnon(page) && !PageSwapBacked(page))) { *dirty = false; *writeback = false; return; } /* By default assume that the page flags are accurate */ *dirty = PageDirty(page); *writeback = PageWriteback(page); /* Verify dirty/writeback state if the filesystem supports it */ if (!page_has_private(page)) return; mapping = page_mapping(page); if (mapping && mapping->a_ops->is_dirty_writeback) mapping->a_ops->is_dirty_writeback(page, dirty, writeback); } /* * shrink_page_list() returns the number of reclaimed pages */ static unsigned int shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list, struct pglist_data *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc, struct reclaim_stat *stat, bool ignore_references) { LIST_HEAD(ret_pages); LIST_HEAD(free_pages); unsigned int nr_reclaimed = 0; unsigned int pgactivate = 0; memset(stat, 0, sizeof(*stat)); cond_resched(); while (!list_empty(page_list)) { struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page; enum page_references references = PAGEREF_RECLAIM; bool dirty, writeback, may_enter_fs; unsigned int nr_pages; cond_resched(); page = lru_to_page(page_list); list_del(&page->lru); if (!trylock_page(page)) goto keep; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page), page); nr_pages = compound_nr(page); /* Account the number of base pages even though THP */ sc->nr_scanned += nr_pages; if (unlikely(!page_evictable(page))) goto activate_locked; if (!sc->may_unmap && page_mapped(page)) goto keep_locked; may_enter_fs = (sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) || (PageSwapCache(page) && (sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_IO)); /* * The number of dirty pages determines if a node is marked * reclaim_congested which affects wait_iff_congested. kswapd * will stall and start writing pages if the tail of the LRU * is all dirty unqueued pages. */ page_check_dirty_writeback(page, &dirty, &writeback); if (dirty || writeback) stat->nr_dirty++; if (dirty && !writeback) stat->nr_unqueued_dirty++; /* * Treat this page as congested if the underlying BDI is or if * pages are cycling through the LRU so quickly that the * pages marked for immediate reclaim are making it to the * end of the LRU a second time. */ mapping = page_mapping(page); if (((dirty || writeback) && mapping && inode_write_congested(mapping->host)) || (writeback && PageReclaim(page))) stat->nr_congested++; /* * If a page at the tail of the LRU is under writeback, there * are three cases to consider. * * 1) If reclaim is encountering an excessive number of pages * under writeback and this page is both under writeback and * PageReclaim then it indicates that pages are being queued * for IO but are being recycled through the LRU before the * IO can complete. Waiting on the page itself risks an * indefinite stall if it is impossible to writeback the * page due to IO error or disconnected storage so instead * note that the LRU is being scanned too quickly and the * caller can stall after page list has been processed. * * 2) Global or new memcg reclaim encounters a page that is * not marked for immediate reclaim, or the caller does not * have __GFP_FS (or __GFP_IO if it's simply going to swap, * not to fs). In this case mark the page for immediate * reclaim and continue scanning. * * Require may_enter_fs because we would wait on fs, which * may not have submitted IO yet. And the loop driver might * enter reclaim, and deadlock if it waits on a page for * which it is needed to do the write (loop masks off * __GFP_IO|__GFP_FS for this reason); but more thought * would probably show more reasons. * * 3) Legacy memcg encounters a page that is already marked * PageReclaim. memcg does not have any dirty pages * throttling so we could easily OOM just because too many * pages are in writeback and there is nothing else to * reclaim. Wait for the writeback to complete. * * In cases 1) and 2) we activate the pages to get them out of * the way while we continue scanning for clean pages on the * inactive list and refilling from the active list. The * observation here is that waiting for disk writes is more * expensive than potentially causing reloads down the line. * Since they're marked for immediate reclaim, they won't put * memory pressure on the cache working set any longer than it * takes to write them to disk. */ if (PageWriteback(page)) { /* Case 1 above */ if (current_is_kswapd() && PageReclaim(page) && test_bit(PGDAT_WRITEBACK, &pgdat->flags)) { stat->nr_immediate++; goto activate_locked; /* Case 2 above */ } else if (writeback_throttling_sane(sc) || !PageReclaim(page) || !may_enter_fs) { /* * This is slightly racy - end_page_writeback() * might have just cleared PageReclaim, then * setting PageReclaim here end up interpreted * as PageReadahead - but that does not matter * enough to care. What we do want is for this * page to have PageReclaim set next time memcg * reclaim reaches the tests above, so it will * then wait_on_page_writeback() to avoid OOM; * and it's also appropriate in global reclaim. */ SetPageReclaim(page); stat->nr_writeback++; goto activate_locked; /* Case 3 above */ } else { unlock_page(page); wait_on_page_writeback(page); /* then go back and try same page again */ list_add_tail(&page->lru, page_list); continue; } } if (!ignore_references) references = page_check_references(page, sc); switch (references) { case PAGEREF_ACTIVATE: goto activate_locked; case PAGEREF_KEEP: stat->nr_ref_keep += nr_pages; goto keep_locked; case PAGEREF_RECLAIM: case PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN: ; /* try to reclaim the page below */ } /* * Anonymous process memory has backing store? * Try to allocate it some swap space here. * Lazyfree page could be freed directly */ if (PageAnon(page) && PageSwapBacked(page)) { if (!PageSwapCache(page)) { if (!(sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_IO)) goto keep_locked; if (page_maybe_dma_pinned(page)) goto keep_locked; if (PageTransHuge(page)) { /* cannot split THP, skip it */ if (!can_split_huge_page(page, NULL)) goto activate_locked; /* * Split pages without a PMD map right * away. Chances are some or all of the * tail pages can be freed without IO. */ if (!compound_mapcount(page) && split_huge_page_to_list(page, page_list)) goto activate_locked; } if (!add_to_swap(page)) { if (!PageTransHuge(page)) goto activate_locked_split; /* Fallback to swap normal pages */ if (split_huge_page_to_list(page, page_list)) goto activate_locked; #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE count_vm_event(THP_SWPOUT_FALLBACK); #endif if (!add_to_swap(page)) goto activate_locked_split; } may_enter_fs = true; /* Adding to swap updated mapping */ mapping = page_mapping(page); } } else if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page))) { /* Split file THP */ if (split_huge_page_to_list(page, page_list)) goto keep_locked; } /* * THP may get split above, need minus tail pages and update * nr_pages to avoid accounting tail pages twice. * * The tail pages that are added into swap cache successfully * reach here. */ if ((nr_pages > 1) && !PageTransHuge(page)) { sc->nr_scanned -= (nr_pages - 1); nr_pages = 1; } /* * The page is mapped into the page tables of one or more * processes. Try to unmap it here. */ if (page_mapped(page)) { enum ttu_flags flags = TTU_BATCH_FLUSH; bool was_swapbacked = PageSwapBacked(page); if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page))) flags |= TTU_SPLIT_HUGE_PMD; if (!try_to_unmap(page, flags)) { stat->nr_unmap_fail += nr_pages; if (!was_swapbacked && PageSwapBacked(page)) stat->nr_lazyfree_fail += nr_pages; goto activate_locked; } } if (PageDirty(page)) { /* * Only kswapd can writeback filesystem pages * to avoid risk of stack overflow. But avoid * injecting inefficient single-page IO into * flusher writeback as much as possible: only * write pages when we've encountered many * dirty pages, and when we've already scanned * the rest of the LRU for clean pages and see * the same dirty pages again (PageReclaim). */ if (page_is_file_lru(page) && (!current_is_kswapd() || !PageReclaim(page) || !test_bit(PGDAT_DIRTY, &pgdat->flags))) { /* * Immediately reclaim when written back. * Similar in principal to deactivate_page() * except we already have the page isolated * and know it's dirty */ inc_node_page_state(page, NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE); SetPageReclaim(page); goto activate_locked; } if (references == PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN) goto keep_locked; if (!may_enter_fs) goto keep_locked; if (!sc->may_writepage) goto keep_locked; /* * Page is dirty. Flush the TLB if a writable entry * potentially exists to avoid CPU writes after IO * starts and then write it out here. */ try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(); switch (pageout(page, mapping)) { case PAGE_KEEP: goto keep_locked; case PAGE_ACTIVATE: goto activate_locked; case PAGE_SUCCESS: stat->nr_pageout += thp_nr_pages(page); if (PageWriteback(page)) goto keep; if (PageDirty(page)) goto keep; /* * A synchronous write - probably a ramdisk. Go * ahead and try to reclaim the page. */ if (!trylock_page(page)) goto keep; if (PageDirty(page) || PageWriteback(page)) goto keep_locked; mapping = page_mapping(page); case PAGE_CLEAN: ; /* try to free the page below */ } } /* * If the page has buffers, try to free the buffer mappings * associated with this page. If we succeed we try to free * the page as well. * * We do this even if the page is PageDirty(). * try_to_release_page() does not perform I/O, but it is * possible for a page to have PageDirty set, but it is actually * clean (all its buffers are clean). This happens if the * buffers were written out directly, with submit_bh(). ext3 * will do this, as well as the blockdev mapping. * try_to_release_page() will discover that cleanness and will * drop the buffers and mark the page clean - it can be freed. * * Rarely, pages can have buffers and no ->mapping. These are * the pages which were not successfully invalidated in * truncate_complete_page(). We try to drop those buffers here * and if that worked, and the page is no longer mapped into * process address space (page_count == 1) it can be freed. * Otherwise, leave the page on the LRU so it is swappable. */ if (page_has_private(page)) { if (!try_to_release_page(page, sc->gfp_mask)) goto activate_locked; if (!mapping && page_count(page) == 1) { unlock_page(page); if (put_page_testzero(page)) goto free_it; else { /* * rare race with speculative reference. * the speculative reference will free * this page shortly, so we may * increment nr_reclaimed here (and * leave it off the LRU). */ nr_reclaimed++; continue; } } } if (PageAnon(page) && !PageSwapBacked(page)) { /* follow __remove_mapping for reference */ if (!page_ref_freeze(page, 1)) goto keep_locked; if (PageDirty(page)) { page_ref_unfreeze(page, 1); goto keep_locked; } count_vm_event(PGLAZYFREED); count_memcg_page_event(page, PGLAZYFREED); } else if (!mapping || !__remove_mapping(mapping, page, true, sc->target_mem_cgroup)) goto keep_locked; unlock_page(page); free_it: /* * THP may get swapped out in a whole, need account * all base pages. */ nr_reclaimed += nr_pages; /* * Is there need to periodically free_page_list? It would * appear not as the counts should be low */ if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page))) destroy_compound_page(page); else list_add(&page->lru, &free_pages); continue; activate_locked_split: /* * The tail pages that are failed to add into swap cache * reach here. Fixup nr_scanned and nr_pages. */ if (nr_pages > 1) { sc->nr_scanned -= (nr_pages - 1); nr_pages = 1; } activate_locked: /* Not a candidate for swapping, so reclaim swap space. */ if (PageSwapCache(page) && (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || PageMlocked(page))) try_to_free_swap(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page), page); if (!PageMlocked(page)) { int type = page_is_file_lru(page); SetPageActive(page); stat->nr_activate[type] += nr_pages; count_memcg_page_event(page, PGACTIVATE); } keep_locked: unlock_page(page); keep: list_add(&page->lru, &ret_pages); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page) || PageUnevictable(page), page); } pgactivate = stat->nr_activate[0] + stat->nr_activate[1]; mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(&free_pages); try_to_unmap_flush(); free_unref_page_list(&free_pages); list_splice(&ret_pages, page_list); count_vm_events(PGACTIVATE, pgactivate); return nr_reclaimed; } unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone, struct list_head *page_list) { struct scan_control sc = { .gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL, .priority = DEF_PRIORITY, .may_unmap = 1, }; struct reclaim_stat stat; unsigned int nr_reclaimed; struct page *page, *next; LIST_HEAD(clean_pages); list_for_each_entry_safe(page, next, page_list, lru) { if (page_is_file_lru(page) && !PageDirty(page) && !__PageMovable(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { ClearPageActive(page); list_move(&page->lru, &clean_pages); } } nr_reclaimed = shrink_page_list(&clean_pages, zone->zone_pgdat, &sc, &stat, true); list_splice(&clean_pages, page_list); mod_node_page_state(zone->zone_pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_FILE, -(long)nr_reclaimed); /* * Since lazyfree pages are isolated from file LRU from the beginning, * they will rotate back to anonymous LRU in the end if it failed to * discard so isolated count will be mismatched. * Compensate the isolated count for both LRU lists. */ mod_node_page_state(zone->zone_pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, stat.nr_lazyfree_fail); mod_node_page_state(zone->zone_pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_FILE, -(long)stat.nr_lazyfree_fail); return nr_reclaimed; } /* * Attempt to remove the specified page from its LRU. Only take this page * if it is of the appropriate PageActive status. Pages which are being * freed elsewhere are also ignored. * * page: page to consider * mode: one of the LRU isolation modes defined above * * returns 0 on success, -ve errno on failure. */ int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode) { int ret = -EINVAL; /* Only take pages on the LRU. */ if (!PageLRU(page)) return ret; /* Compaction should not handle unevictable pages but CMA can do so */ if (PageUnevictable(page) && !(mode & ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE)) return ret; ret = -EBUSY; /* * To minimise LRU disruption, the caller can indicate that it only * wants to isolate pages it will be able to operate on without * blocking - clean pages for the most part. * * ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE is used to indicate that it only wants to pages * that it is possible to migrate without blocking */ if (mode & ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE) { /* All the caller can do on PageWriteback is block */ if (PageWriteback(page)) return ret; if (PageDirty(page)) { struct address_space *mapping; bool migrate_dirty; /* * Only pages without mappings or that have a * ->migratepage callback are possible to migrate * without blocking. However, we can be racing with * truncation so it's necessary to lock the page * to stabilise the mapping as truncation holds * the page lock until after the page is removed * from the page cache. */ if (!trylock_page(page)) return ret; mapping = page_mapping(page); migrate_dirty = !mapping || mapping->a_ops->migratepage; unlock_page(page); if (!migrate_dirty) return ret; } } if ((mode & ISOLATE_UNMAPPED) && page_mapped(page)) return ret; if (likely(get_page_unless_zero(page))) { /* * Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're * sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the * page release code relies on it. */ ClearPageLRU(page); ret = 0; } return ret; } /* * Update LRU sizes after isolating pages. The LRU size updates must * be complete before mem_cgroup_update_lru_size due to a sanity check. */ static __always_inline void update_lru_sizes(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, unsigned long *nr_zone_taken) { int zid; for (zid = 0; zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) { if (!nr_zone_taken[zid]) continue; update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zid, -nr_zone_taken[zid]); } } /** * pgdat->lru_lock is heavily contended. Some of the functions that * shrink the lists perform better by taking out a batch of pages * and working on them outside the LRU lock. * * For pagecache intensive workloads, this function is the hottest * spot in the kernel (apart from copy_*_user functions). * * Appropriate locks must be held before calling this function. * * @nr_to_scan: The number of eligible pages to look through on the list. * @lruvec: The LRU vector to pull pages from. * @dst: The temp list to put pages on to. * @nr_scanned: The number of pages that were scanned. * @sc: The scan_control struct for this reclaim session * @lru: LRU list id for isolating * * returns how many pages were moved onto *@dst. */ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *dst, unsigned long *nr_scanned, struct scan_control *sc, enum lru_list lru) { struct list_head *src = &lruvec->lists[lru]; unsigned long nr_taken = 0; unsigned long nr_zone_taken[MAX_NR_ZONES] = { 0 }; unsigned long nr_skipped[MAX_NR_ZONES] = { 0, }; unsigned long skipped = 0; unsigned long scan, total_scan, nr_pages; LIST_HEAD(pages_skipped); isolate_mode_t mode = (sc->may_unmap ? 0 : ISOLATE_UNMAPPED); total_scan = 0; scan = 0; while (scan < nr_to_scan && !list_empty(src)) { struct page *page; page = lru_to_page(src); prefetchw_prev_lru_page(page, src, flags); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page); nr_pages = compound_nr(page); total_scan += nr_pages; if (page_zonenum(page) > sc->reclaim_idx) { list_move(&page->lru, &pages_skipped); nr_skipped[page_zonenum(page)] += nr_pages; continue; } /* * Do not count skipped pages because that makes the function * return with no isolated pages if the LRU mostly contains * ineligible pages. This causes the VM to not reclaim any * pages, triggering a premature OOM. * * Account all tail pages of THP. This would not cause * premature OOM since __isolate_lru_page() returns -EBUSY * only when the page is being freed somewhere else. */ scan += nr_pages; switch (__isolate_lru_page(page, mode)) { case 0: nr_taken += nr_pages; nr_zone_taken[page_zonenum(page)] += nr_pages; list_move(&page->lru, dst); break; case -EBUSY: /* else it is being freed elsewhere */ list_move(&page->lru, src); continue; default: BUG(); } } /* * Splice any skipped pages to the start of the LRU list. Note that * this disrupts the LRU order when reclaiming for lower zones but * we cannot splice to the tail. If we did then the SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX * scanning would soon rescan the same pages to skip and put the * system at risk of premature OOM. */ if (!list_empty(&pages_skipped)) { int zid; list_splice(&pages_skipped, src); for (zid = 0; zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) { if (!nr_skipped[zid]) continue; __count_zid_vm_events(PGSCAN_SKIP, zid, nr_skipped[zid]); skipped += nr_skipped[zid]; } } *nr_scanned = total_scan; trace_mm_vmscan_lru_isolate(sc->reclaim_idx, sc->order, nr_to_scan, total_scan, skipped, nr_taken, mode, lru); update_lru_sizes(lruvec, lru, nr_zone_taken); return nr_taken; } /** * isolate_lru_page - tries to isolate a page from its LRU list * @page: page to isolate from its LRU list * * Isolates a @page from an LRU list, clears PageLRU and adjusts the * vmstat statistic corresponding to whatever LRU list the page was on. * * Returns 0 if the page was removed from an LRU list. * Returns -EBUSY if the page was not on an LRU list. * * The returned page will have PageLRU() cleared. If it was found on * the active list, it will have PageActive set. If it was found on * the unevictable list, it will have the PageUnevictable bit set. That flag * may need to be cleared by the caller before letting the page go. * * The vmstat statistic corresponding to the list on which the page was * found will be decremented. * * Restrictions: * * (1) Must be called with an elevated refcount on the page. This is a * fundamental difference from isolate_lru_pages (which is called * without a stable reference). * (2) the lru_lock must not be held. * (3) interrupts must be enabled. */ int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page) { int ret = -EBUSY; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!page_count(page), page); WARN_RATELIMIT(PageTail(page), "trying to isolate tail page"); if (PageLRU(page)) { pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page); struct lruvec *lruvec; spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat); if (PageLRU(page)) { int lru = page_lru(page); get_page(page); ClearPageLRU(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); ret = 0; } spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); } return ret; } /* * A direct reclaimer may isolate SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX pages from the LRU list and * then get rescheduled. When there are massive number of tasks doing page * allocation, such sleeping direct reclaimers may keep piling up on each CPU, * the LRU list will go small and be scanned faster than necessary, leading to * unnecessary swapping, thrashing and OOM. */ static int too_many_isolated(struct pglist_data *pgdat, int file, struct scan_control *sc) { unsigned long inactive, isolated; if (current_is_kswapd()) return 0; if (!writeback_throttling_sane(sc)) return 0; if (file) { inactive = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE); isolated = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_FILE); } else { inactive = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_ANON); isolated = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_ANON); } /* * GFP_NOIO/GFP_NOFS callers are allowed to isolate more pages, so they * won't get blocked by normal direct-reclaimers, forming a circular * deadlock. */ if ((sc->gfp_mask & (__GFP_IO | __GFP_FS)) == (__GFP_IO | __GFP_FS)) inactive >>= 3; return isolated > inactive; } /* * This moves pages from @list to corresponding LRU list. * * We move them the other way if the page is referenced by one or more * processes, from rmap. * * If the pages are mostly unmapped, the processing is fast and it is * appropriate to hold zone_lru_lock across the whole operation. But if * the pages are mapped, the processing is slow (page_referenced()) so we * should drop zone_lru_lock around each page. It's impossible to balance * this, so instead we remove the pages from the LRU while processing them. * It is safe to rely on PG_active against the non-LRU pages in here because * nobody will play with that bit on a non-LRU page. * * The downside is that we have to touch page->_refcount against each page. * But we had to alter page->flags anyway. * * Returns the number of pages moved to the given lruvec. */ static unsigned noinline_for_stack move_pages_to_lru(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *list) { struct pglist_data *pgdat = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec); int nr_pages, nr_moved = 0; LIST_HEAD(pages_to_free); struct page *page; enum lru_list lru; while (!list_empty(list)) { page = lru_to_page(list); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page); if (unlikely(!page_evictable(page))) { list_del(&page->lru); spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); putback_lru_page(page); spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); continue; } lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat); SetPageLRU(page); lru = page_lru(page); nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, page_zonenum(page), nr_pages); list_move(&page->lru, &lruvec->lists[lru]); if (put_page_testzero(page)) { __ClearPageLRU(page); __ClearPageActive(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) { spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); destroy_compound_page(page); spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); } else list_add(&page->lru, &pages_to_free); } else { nr_moved += nr_pages; if (PageActive(page)) workingset_age_nonresident(lruvec, nr_pages); } } /* * To save our caller's stack, now use input list for pages to free. */ list_splice(&pages_to_free, list); return nr_moved; } /* * If a kernel thread (such as nfsd for loop-back mounts) services * a backing device by writing to the page cache it sets PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE. * In that case we should only throttle if the backing device it is * writing to is congested. In other cases it is safe to throttle. */ static int current_may_throttle(void) { return !(current->flags & PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE) || current->backing_dev_info == NULL || bdi_write_congested(current->backing_dev_info); } /* * shrink_inactive_list() is a helper for shrink_node(). It returns the number * of reclaimed pages */ static noinline_for_stack unsigned long shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc, enum lru_list lru) { LIST_HEAD(page_list); unsigned long nr_scanned; unsigned int nr_reclaimed = 0; unsigned long nr_taken; struct reclaim_stat stat; bool file = is_file_lru(lru); enum vm_event_item item; struct pglist_data *pgdat = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec); bool stalled = false; while (unlikely(too_many_isolated(pgdat, file, sc))) { if (stalled) return 0; /* wait a bit for the reclaimer. */ msleep(100); stalled = true; /* We are about to die and free our memory. Return now. */ if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX; } lru_add_drain(); spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); nr_taken = isolate_lru_pages(nr_to_scan, lruvec, &page_list, &nr_scanned, sc, lru); __mod_node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + file, nr_taken); item = current_is_kswapd() ? PGSCAN_KSWAPD : PGSCAN_DIRECT; if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) __count_vm_events(item, nr_scanned); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), item, nr_scanned); __count_vm_events(PGSCAN_ANON + file, nr_scanned); spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); if (nr_taken == 0) return 0; nr_reclaimed = shrink_page_list(&page_list, pgdat, sc, &stat, false); spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); move_pages_to_lru(lruvec, &page_list); __mod_node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + file, -nr_taken); lru_note_cost(lruvec, file, stat.nr_pageout); item = current_is_kswapd() ? PGSTEAL_KSWAPD : PGSTEAL_DIRECT; if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) __count_vm_events(item, nr_reclaimed); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), item, nr_reclaimed); __count_vm_events(PGSTEAL_ANON + file, nr_reclaimed); spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(&page_list); free_unref_page_list(&page_list); /* * If dirty pages are scanned that are not queued for IO, it * implies that flushers are not doing their job. This can * happen when memory pressure pushes dirty pages to the end of * the LRU before the dirty limits are breached and the dirty * data has expired. It can also happen when the proportion of * dirty pages grows not through writes but through memory * pressure reclaiming all the clean cache. And in some cases, * the flushers simply cannot keep up with the allocation * rate. Nudge the flusher threads in case they are asleep. */ if (stat.nr_unqueued_dirty == nr_taken) wakeup_flusher_threads(WB_REASON_VMSCAN); sc->nr.dirty += stat.nr_dirty; sc->nr.congested += stat.nr_congested; sc->nr.unqueued_dirty += stat.nr_unqueued_dirty; sc->nr.writeback += stat.nr_writeback; sc->nr.immediate += stat.nr_immediate; sc->nr.taken += nr_taken; if (file) sc->nr.file_taken += nr_taken; trace_mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive(pgdat->node_id, nr_scanned, nr_reclaimed, &stat, sc->priority, file); return nr_reclaimed; } static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc, enum lru_list lru) { unsigned long nr_taken; unsigned long nr_scanned; unsigned long vm_flags; LIST_HEAD(l_hold); /* The pages which were snipped off */ LIST_HEAD(l_active); LIST_HEAD(l_inactive); struct page *page; unsigned nr_deactivate, nr_activate; unsigned nr_rotated = 0; int file = is_file_lru(lru); struct pglist_data *pgdat = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec); lru_add_drain(); spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); nr_taken = isolate_lru_pages(nr_to_scan, lruvec, &l_hold, &nr_scanned, sc, lru); __mod_node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + file, nr_taken); if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) __count_vm_events(PGREFILL, nr_scanned); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), PGREFILL, nr_scanned); spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); while (!list_empty(&l_hold)) { cond_resched(); page = lru_to_page(&l_hold); list_del(&page->lru); if (unlikely(!page_evictable(page))) { putback_lru_page(page); continue; } if (unlikely(buffer_heads_over_limit)) { if (page_has_private(page) && trylock_page(page)) { if (page_has_private(page)) try_to_release_page(page, 0); unlock_page(page); } } if (page_referenced(page, 0, sc->target_mem_cgroup, &vm_flags)) { /* * Identify referenced, file-backed active pages and * give them one more trip around the active list. So * that executable code get better chances to stay in * memory under moderate memory pressure. Anon pages * are not likely to be evicted by use-once streaming * IO, plus JVM can create lots of anon VM_EXEC pages, * so we ignore them here. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_EXEC) && page_is_file_lru(page)) { nr_rotated += thp_nr_pages(page); list_add(&page->lru, &l_active); continue; } } ClearPageActive(page); /* we are de-activating */ SetPageWorkingset(page); list_add(&page->lru, &l_inactive); } /* * Move pages back to the lru list. */ spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); nr_activate = move_pages_to_lru(lruvec, &l_active); nr_deactivate = move_pages_to_lru(lruvec, &l_inactive); /* Keep all free pages in l_active list */ list_splice(&l_inactive, &l_active); __count_vm_events(PGDEACTIVATE, nr_deactivate); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), PGDEACTIVATE, nr_deactivate); __mod_node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + file, -nr_taken); spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(&l_active); free_unref_page_list(&l_active); trace_mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_active(pgdat->node_id, nr_taken, nr_activate, nr_deactivate, nr_rotated, sc->priority, file); } unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list) { int nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; unsigned int nr_reclaimed = 0; LIST_HEAD(node_page_list); struct reclaim_stat dummy_stat; struct page *page; struct scan_control sc = { .gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL, .priority = DEF_PRIORITY, .may_writepage = 1, .may_unmap = 1, .may_swap = 1, }; while (!list_empty(page_list)) { page = lru_to_page(page_list); if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { nid = page_to_nid(page); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node_page_list); } if (nid == page_to_nid(page)) { ClearPageActive(page); list_move(&page->lru, &node_page_list); continue; } nr_reclaimed += shrink_page_list(&node_page_list, NODE_DATA(nid), &sc, &dummy_stat, false); while (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) { page = lru_to_page(&node_page_list); list_del(&page->lru); putback_lru_page(page); } nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; } if (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) { nr_reclaimed += shrink_page_list(&node_page_list, NODE_DATA(nid), &sc, &dummy_stat, false); while (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) { page = lru_to_page(&node_page_list); list_del(&page->lru); putback_lru_page(page); } } return nr_reclaimed; } static unsigned long shrink_list(enum lru_list lru, unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc) { if (is_active_lru(lru)) { if (sc->may_deactivate & (1 << is_file_lru(lru))) shrink_active_list(nr_to_scan, lruvec, sc, lru); else sc->skipped_deactivate = 1; return 0; } return shrink_inactive_list(nr_to_scan, lruvec, sc, lru); } /* * The inactive anon list should be small enough that the VM never has * to do too much work. * * The inactive file list should be small enough to leave most memory * to the established workingset on the scan-resistant active list, * but large enough to avoid thrashing the aggregate readahead window. * * Both inactive lists should also be large enough that each inactive * page has a chance to be referenced again before it is reclaimed. * * If that fails and refaulting is observed, the inactive list grows. * * The inactive_ratio is the target ratio of ACTIVE to INACTIVE pages * on this LRU, maintained by the pageout code. An inactive_ratio * of 3 means 3:1 or 25% of the pages are kept on the inactive list. * * total target max * memory ratio inactive * ------------------------------------- * 10MB 1 5MB * 100MB 1 50MB * 1GB 3 250MB * 10GB 10 0.9GB * 100GB 31 3GB * 1TB 101 10GB * 10TB 320 32GB */ static bool inactive_is_low(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list inactive_lru) { enum lru_list active_lru = inactive_lru + LRU_ACTIVE; unsigned long inactive, active; unsigned long inactive_ratio; unsigned long gb; inactive = lruvec_page_state(lruvec, NR_LRU_BASE + inactive_lru); active = lruvec_page_state(lruvec, NR_LRU_BASE + active_lru); gb = (inactive + active) >> (30 - PAGE_SHIFT); if (gb) inactive_ratio = int_sqrt(10 * gb); else inactive_ratio = 1; return inactive * inactive_ratio < active; } enum scan_balance { SCAN_EQUAL, SCAN_FRACT, SCAN_ANON, SCAN_FILE, }; /* * Determine how aggressively the anon and file LRU lists should be * scanned. The relative value of each set of LRU lists is determined * by looking at the fraction of the pages scanned we did rotate back * onto the active list instead of evict. * * nr[0] = anon inactive pages to scan; nr[1] = anon active pages to scan * nr[2] = file inactive pages to scan; nr[3] = file active pages to scan */ static void get_scan_count(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc, unsigned long *nr) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg = lruvec_memcg(lruvec); unsigned long anon_cost, file_cost, total_cost; int swappiness = mem_cgroup_swappiness(memcg); u64 fraction[ANON_AND_FILE]; u64 denominator = 0; /* gcc */ enum scan_balance scan_balance; unsigned long ap, fp; enum lru_list lru; /* If we have no swap space, do not bother scanning anon pages. */ if (!sc->may_swap || mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(memcg) <= 0) { scan_balance = SCAN_FILE; goto out; } /* * Global reclaim will swap to prevent OOM even with no * swappiness, but memcg users want to use this knob to * disable swapping for individual groups completely when * using the memory controller's swap limit feature would be * too expensive. */ if (cgroup_reclaim(sc) && !swappiness) { scan_balance = SCAN_FILE; goto out; } /* * Do not apply any pressure balancing cleverness when the * system is close to OOM, scan both anon and file equally * (unless the swappiness setting disagrees with swapping). */ if (!sc->priority && swappiness) { scan_balance = SCAN_EQUAL; goto out; } /* * If the system is almost out of file pages, force-scan anon. */ if (sc->file_is_tiny) { scan_balance = SCAN_ANON; goto out; } /* * If there is enough inactive page cache, we do not reclaim * anything from the anonymous working right now. */ if (sc->cache_trim_mode) { scan_balance = SCAN_FILE; goto out; } scan_balance = SCAN_FRACT; /* * Calculate the pressure balance between anon and file pages. * * The amount of pressure we put on each LRU is inversely * proportional to the cost of reclaiming each list, as * determined by the share of pages that are refaulting, times * the relative IO cost of bringing back a swapped out * anonymous page vs reloading a filesystem page (swappiness). * * Although we limit that influence to ensure no list gets * left behind completely: at least a third of the pressure is * applied, before swappiness. * * With swappiness at 100, anon and file have equal IO cost. */ total_cost = sc->anon_cost + sc->file_cost; anon_cost = total_cost + sc->anon_cost; file_cost = total_cost + sc->file_cost; total_cost = anon_cost + file_cost; ap = swappiness * (total_cost + 1); ap /= anon_cost + 1; fp = (200 - swappiness) * (total_cost + 1); fp /= file_cost + 1; fraction[0] = ap; fraction[1] = fp; denominator = ap + fp; out: for_each_evictable_lru(lru) { int file = is_file_lru(lru); unsigned long lruvec_size; unsigned long low, min; unsigned long scan; lruvec_size = lruvec_lru_size(lruvec, lru, sc->reclaim_idx); mem_cgroup_protection(sc->target_mem_cgroup, memcg, &min, &low); if (min || low) { /* * Scale a cgroup's reclaim pressure by proportioning * its current usage to its memory.low or memory.min * setting. * * This is important, as otherwise scanning aggression * becomes extremely binary -- from nothing as we * approach the memory protection threshold, to totally * nominal as we exceed it. This results in requiring * setting extremely liberal protection thresholds. It * also means we simply get no protection at all if we * set it too low, which is not ideal. * * If there is any protection in place, we reduce scan * pressure by how much of the total memory used is * within protection thresholds. * * There is one special case: in the first reclaim pass, * we skip over all groups that are within their low * protection. If that fails to reclaim enough pages to * satisfy the reclaim goal, we come back and override * the best-effort low protection. However, we still * ideally want to honor how well-behaved groups are in * that case instead of simply punishing them all * equally. As such, we reclaim them based on how much * memory they are using, reducing the scan pressure * again by how much of the total memory used is under * hard protection. */ unsigned long cgroup_size = mem_cgroup_size(memcg); unsigned long protection; /* memory.low scaling, make sure we retry before OOM */ if (!sc->memcg_low_reclaim && low > min) { protection = low; sc->memcg_low_skipped = 1; } else { protection = min; } /* Avoid TOCTOU with earlier protection check */ cgroup_size = max(cgroup_size, protection); scan = lruvec_size - lruvec_size * protection / (cgroup_size + 1); /* * Minimally target SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX pages to keep * reclaim moving forwards, avoiding decrementing * sc->priority further than desirable. */ scan = max(scan, SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX); } else { scan = lruvec_size; } scan >>= sc->priority; /* * If the cgroup's already been deleted, make sure to * scrape out the remaining cache. */ if (!scan && !mem_cgroup_online(memcg)) scan = min(lruvec_size, SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX); switch (scan_balance) { case SCAN_EQUAL: /* Scan lists relative to size */ break; case SCAN_FRACT: /* * Scan types proportional to swappiness and * their relative recent reclaim efficiency. * Make sure we don't miss the last page on * the offlined memory cgroups because of a * round-off error. */ scan = mem_cgroup_online(memcg) ? div64_u64(scan * fraction[file], denominator) : DIV64_U64_ROUND_UP(scan * fraction[file], denominator); break; case SCAN_FILE: case SCAN_ANON: /* Scan one type exclusively */ if ((scan_balance == SCAN_FILE) != file) scan = 0; break; default: /* Look ma, no brain */ BUG(); } nr[lru] = scan; } } static void shrink_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc) { unsigned long nr[NR_LRU_LISTS]; unsigned long targets[NR_LRU_LISTS]; unsigned long nr_to_scan; enum lru_list lru; unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0; unsigned long nr_to_reclaim = sc->nr_to_reclaim; struct blk_plug plug; bool scan_adjusted; get_scan_count(lruvec, sc, nr); /* Record the original scan target for proportional adjustments later */ memcpy(targets, nr, sizeof(nr)); /* * Global reclaiming within direct reclaim at DEF_PRIORITY is a normal * event that can occur when there is little memory pressure e.g. * multiple streaming readers/writers. Hence, we do not abort scanning * when the requested number of pages are reclaimed when scanning at * DEF_PRIORITY on the assumption that the fact we are direct * reclaiming implies that kswapd is not keeping up and it is best to * do a batch of work at once. For memcg reclaim one check is made to * abort proportional reclaim if either the file or anon lru has already * dropped to zero at the first pass. */ scan_adjusted = (!cgroup_reclaim(sc) && !current_is_kswapd() && sc->priority == DEF_PRIORITY); blk_start_plug(&plug); while (nr[LRU_INACTIVE_ANON] || nr[LRU_ACTIVE_FILE] || nr[LRU_INACTIVE_FILE]) { unsigned long nr_anon, nr_file, percentage; unsigned long nr_scanned; for_each_evictable_lru(lru) { if (nr[lru]) { nr_to_scan = min(nr[lru], SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX); nr[lru] -= nr_to_scan; nr_reclaimed += shrink_list(lru, nr_to_scan, lruvec, sc); } } cond_resched(); if (nr_reclaimed < nr_to_reclaim || scan_adjusted) continue; /* * For kswapd and memcg, reclaim at least the number of pages * requested. Ensure that the anon and file LRUs are scanned * proportionally what was requested by get_scan_count(). We * stop reclaiming one LRU and reduce the amount scanning * proportional to the original scan target. */ nr_file = nr[LRU_INACTIVE_FILE] + nr[LRU_ACTIVE_FILE]; nr_anon = nr[LRU_INACTIVE_ANON] + nr[LRU_ACTIVE_ANON]; /* * It's just vindictive to attack the larger once the smaller * has gone to zero. And given the way we stop scanning the * smaller below, this makes sure that we only make one nudge * towards proportionality once we've got nr_to_reclaim. */ if (!nr_file || !nr_anon) break; if (nr_file > nr_anon) { unsigned long scan_target = targets[LRU_INACTIVE_ANON] + targets[LRU_ACTIVE_ANON] + 1; lru = LRU_BASE; percentage = nr_anon * 100 / scan_target; } else { unsigned long scan_target = targets[LRU_INACTIVE_FILE] + targets[LRU_ACTIVE_FILE] + 1; lru = LRU_FILE; percentage = nr_file * 100 / scan_target; } /* Stop scanning the smaller of the LRU */ nr[lru] = 0; nr[lru + LRU_ACTIVE] = 0; /* * Recalculate the other LRU scan count based on its original * scan target and the percentage scanning already complete */ lru = (lru == LRU_FILE) ? LRU_BASE : LRU_FILE; nr_scanned = targets[lru] - nr[lru]; nr[lru] = targets[lru] * (100 - percentage) / 100; nr[lru] -= min(nr[lru], nr_scanned); lru += LRU_ACTIVE; nr_scanned = targets[lru] - nr[lru]; nr[lru] = targets[lru] * (100 - percentage) / 100; nr[lru] -= min(nr[lru], nr_scanned); scan_adjusted = true; } blk_finish_plug(&plug); sc->nr_reclaimed += nr_reclaimed; /* * Even if we did not try to evict anon pages at all, we want to * rebalance the anon lru active/inactive ratio. */ if (total_swap_pages && inactive_is_low(lruvec, LRU_INACTIVE_ANON)) shrink_active_list(SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, lruvec, sc, LRU_ACTIVE_ANON); } /* Use reclaim/compaction for costly allocs or under memory pressure */ static bool in_reclaim_compaction(struct scan_control *sc) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && sc->order && (sc->order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER || sc->priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2)) return true; return false; } /* * Reclaim/compaction is used for high-order allocation requests. It reclaims * order-0 pages before compacting the zone. should_continue_reclaim() returns * true if more pages should be reclaimed such that when the page allocator * calls try_to_compact_pages() that it will have enough free pages to succeed. * It will give up earlier than that if there is difficulty reclaiming pages. */ static inline bool should_continue_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, unsigned long nr_reclaimed, struct scan_control *sc) { unsigned long pages_for_compaction; unsigned long inactive_lru_pages; int z; /* If not in reclaim/compaction mode, stop */ if (!in_reclaim_compaction(sc)) return false; /* * Stop if we failed to reclaim any pages from the last SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX * number of pages that were scanned. This will return to the caller * with the risk reclaim/compaction and the resulting allocation attempt * fails. In the past we have tried harder for __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * allocations through requiring that the full LRU list has been scanned * first, by assuming that zero delta of sc->nr_scanned means full LRU * scan, but that approximation was wrong, and there were corner cases * where always a non-zero amount of pages were scanned. */ if (!nr_reclaimed) return false; /* If compaction would go ahead or the allocation would succeed, stop */ for (z = 0; z <= sc->reclaim_idx; z++) { struct zone *zone = &pgdat->node_zones[z]; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; switch (compaction_suitable(zone, sc->order, 0, sc->reclaim_idx)) { case COMPACT_SUCCESS: case COMPACT_CONTINUE: return false; default: /* check next zone */ ; } } /* * If we have not reclaimed enough pages for compaction and the * inactive lists are large enough, continue reclaiming */ pages_for_compaction = compact_gap(sc->order); inactive_lru_pages = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE); if (get_nr_swap_pages() > 0) inactive_lru_pages += node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_ANON); return inactive_lru_pages > pages_for_compaction; } static void shrink_node_memcgs(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc) { struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg = sc->target_mem_cgroup; struct mem_cgroup *memcg; memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(target_memcg, NULL, NULL); do { struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, pgdat); unsigned long reclaimed; unsigned long scanned; /* * This loop can become CPU-bound when target memcgs * aren't eligible for reclaim - either because they * don't have any reclaimable pages, or because their * memory is explicitly protected. Avoid soft lockups. */ cond_resched(); mem_cgroup_calculate_protection(target_memcg, memcg); if (mem_cgroup_below_min(memcg)) { /* * Hard protection. * If there is no reclaimable memory, OOM. */ continue; } else if (mem_cgroup_below_low(memcg)) { /* * Soft protection. * Respect the protection only as long as * there is an unprotected supply * of reclaimable memory from other cgroups. */ if (!sc->memcg_low_reclaim) { sc->memcg_low_skipped = 1; continue; } memcg_memory_event(memcg, MEMCG_LOW); } reclaimed = sc->nr_reclaimed; scanned = sc->nr_scanned; shrink_lruvec(lruvec, sc); shrink_slab(sc->gfp_mask, pgdat->node_id, memcg, sc->priority); /* Record the group's reclaim efficiency */ vmpressure(sc->gfp_mask, memcg, false, sc->nr_scanned - scanned, sc->nr_reclaimed - reclaimed); } while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(target_memcg, memcg, NULL))); } static void shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc) { struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state = current->reclaim_state; unsigned long nr_reclaimed, nr_scanned; struct lruvec *target_lruvec; bool reclaimable = false; unsigned long file; target_lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(sc->target_mem_cgroup, pgdat); again: memset(&sc->nr, 0, sizeof(sc->nr)); nr_reclaimed = sc->nr_reclaimed; nr_scanned = sc->nr_scanned; /* * Determine the scan balance between anon and file LRUs. */ spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); sc->anon_cost = target_lruvec->anon_cost; sc->file_cost = target_lruvec->file_cost; spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); /* * Target desirable inactive:active list ratios for the anon * and file LRU lists. */ if (!sc->force_deactivate) { unsigned long refaults; refaults = lruvec_page_state(target_lruvec, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_ANON); if (refaults != target_lruvec->refaults[0] || inactive_is_low(target_lruvec, LRU_INACTIVE_ANON)) sc->may_deactivate |= DEACTIVATE_ANON; else sc->may_deactivate &= ~DEACTIVATE_ANON; /* * When refaults are being observed, it means a new * workingset is being established. Deactivate to get * rid of any stale active pages quickly. */ refaults = lruvec_page_state(target_lruvec, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_FILE); if (refaults != target_lruvec->refaults[1] || inactive_is_low(target_lruvec, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE)) sc->may_deactivate |= DEACTIVATE_FILE; else sc->may_deactivate &= ~DEACTIVATE_FILE; } else sc->may_deactivate = DEACTIVATE_ANON | DEACTIVATE_FILE; /* * If we have plenty of inactive file pages that aren't * thrashing, try to reclaim those first before touching * anonymous pages. */ file = lruvec_page_state(target_lruvec, NR_INACTIVE_FILE); if (file >> sc->priority && !(sc->may_deactivate & DEACTIVATE_FILE)) sc->cache_trim_mode = 1; else sc->cache_trim_mode = 0; /* * Prevent the reclaimer from falling into the cache trap: as * cache pages start out inactive, every cache fault will tip * the scan balance towards the file LRU. And as the file LRU * shrinks, so does the window for rotation from references. * This means we have a runaway feedback loop where a tiny * thrashing file LRU becomes infinitely more attractive than * anon pages. Try to detect this based on file LRU size. */ if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) { unsigned long total_high_wmark = 0; unsigned long free, anon; int z; free = sum_zone_node_page_state(pgdat->node_id, NR_FREE_PAGES); file = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ACTIVE_FILE) + node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE); for (z = 0; z < MAX_NR_ZONES; z++) { struct zone *zone = &pgdat->node_zones[z]; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; total_high_wmark += high_wmark_pages(zone); } /* * Consider anon: if that's low too, this isn't a * runaway file reclaim problem, but rather just * extreme pressure. Reclaim as per usual then. */ anon = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_ANON); sc->file_is_tiny = file + free <= total_high_wmark && !(sc->may_deactivate & DEACTIVATE_ANON) && anon >> sc->priority; } shrink_node_memcgs(pgdat, sc); if (reclaim_state) { sc->nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab; reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab = 0; } /* Record the subtree's reclaim efficiency */ vmpressure(sc->gfp_mask, sc->target_mem_cgroup, true, sc->nr_scanned - nr_scanned, sc->nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed); if (sc->nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed) reclaimable = true; if (current_is_kswapd()) { /* * If reclaim is isolating dirty pages under writeback, * it implies that the long-lived page allocation rate * is exceeding the page laundering rate. Either the * global limits are not being effective at throttling * processes due to the page distribution throughout * zones or there is heavy usage of a slow backing * device. The only option is to throttle from reclaim * context which is not ideal as there is no guarantee * the dirtying process is throttled in the same way * balance_dirty_pages() manages. * * Once a node is flagged PGDAT_WRITEBACK, kswapd will * count the number of pages under pages flagged for * immediate reclaim and stall if any are encountered * in the nr_immediate check below. */ if (sc->nr.writeback && sc->nr.writeback == sc->nr.taken) set_bit(PGDAT_WRITEBACK, &pgdat->flags); /* Allow kswapd to start writing pages during reclaim.*/ if (sc->nr.unqueued_dirty == sc->nr.file_taken) set_bit(PGDAT_DIRTY, &pgdat->flags); /* * If kswapd scans pages marked for immediate * reclaim and under writeback (nr_immediate), it * implies that pages are cycling through the LRU * faster than they are written so also forcibly stall. */ if (sc->nr.immediate) congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10); } /* * Tag a node/memcg as congested if all the dirty pages * scanned were backed by a congested BDI and * wait_iff_congested will stall. * * Legacy memcg will stall in page writeback so avoid forcibly * stalling in wait_iff_congested(). */ if ((current_is_kswapd() || (cgroup_reclaim(sc) && writeback_throttling_sane(sc))) && sc->nr.dirty && sc->nr.dirty == sc->nr.congested) set_bit(LRUVEC_CONGESTED, &target_lruvec->flags); /* * Stall direct reclaim for IO completions if underlying BDIs * and node is congested. Allow kswapd to continue until it * starts encountering unqueued dirty pages or cycling through * the LRU too quickly. */ if (!current_is_kswapd() && current_may_throttle() && !sc->hibernation_mode && test_bit(LRUVEC_CONGESTED, &target_lruvec->flags)) wait_iff_congested(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10); if (should_continue_reclaim(pgdat, sc->nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed, sc)) goto again; /* * Kswapd gives up on balancing particular nodes after too * many failures to reclaim anything from them and goes to * sleep. On reclaim progress, reset the failure counter. A * successful direct reclaim run will revive a dormant kswapd. */ if (reclaimable) pgdat->kswapd_failures = 0; } /* * Returns true if compaction should go ahead for a costly-order request, or * the allocation would already succeed without compaction. Return false if we * should reclaim first. */ static inline bool compaction_ready(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc) { unsigned long watermark; enum compact_result suitable; suitable = compaction_suitable(zone, sc->order, 0, sc->reclaim_idx); if (suitable == COMPACT_SUCCESS) /* Allocation should succeed already. Don't reclaim. */ return true; if (suitable == COMPACT_SKIPPED) /* Compaction cannot yet proceed. Do reclaim. */ return false; /* * Compaction is already possible, but it takes time to run and there * are potentially other callers using the pages just freed. So proceed * with reclaim to make a buffer of free pages available to give * compaction a reasonable chance of completing and allocating the page. * Note that we won't actually reclaim the whole buffer in one attempt * as the target watermark in should_continue_reclaim() is lower. But if * we are already above the high+gap watermark, don't reclaim at all. */ watermark = high_wmark_pages(zone) + compact_gap(sc->order); return zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, 0, watermark, sc->reclaim_idx); } /* * This is the direct reclaim path, for page-allocating processes. We only * try to reclaim pages from zones which will satisfy the caller's allocation * request. * * If a zone is deemed to be full of pinned pages then just give it a light * scan then give up on it. */ static void shrink_zones(struct zonelist *zonelist, struct scan_control *sc) { struct zoneref *z; struct zone *zone; unsigned long nr_soft_reclaimed; unsigned long nr_soft_scanned; gfp_t orig_mask; pg_data_t *last_pgdat = NULL; /* * If the number of buffer_heads in the machine exceeds the maximum * allowed level, force direct reclaim to scan the highmem zone as * highmem pages could be pinning lowmem pages storing buffer_heads */ orig_mask = sc->gfp_mask; if (buffer_heads_over_limit) { sc->gfp_mask |= __GFP_HIGHMEM; sc->reclaim_idx = gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask); } for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zonelist, sc->reclaim_idx, sc->nodemask) { /* * Take care memory controller reclaiming has small influence * to global LRU. */ if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) { if (!cpuset_zone_allowed(zone, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HARDWALL)) continue; /* * If we already have plenty of memory free for * compaction in this zone, don't free any more. * Even though compaction is invoked for any * non-zero order, only frequent costly order * reclamation is disruptive enough to become a * noticeable problem, like transparent huge * page allocations. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && sc->order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER && compaction_ready(zone, sc)) { sc->compaction_ready = true; continue; } /* * Shrink each node in the zonelist once. If the * zonelist is ordered by zone (not the default) then a * node may be shrunk multiple times but in that case * the user prefers lower zones being preserved. */ if (zone->zone_pgdat == last_pgdat) continue; /* * This steals pages from memory cgroups over softlimit * and returns the number of reclaimed pages and * scanned pages. This works for global memory pressure * and balancing, not for a memcg's limit. */ nr_soft_scanned = 0; nr_soft_reclaimed = mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(zone->zone_pgdat, sc->order, sc->gfp_mask, &nr_soft_scanned); sc->nr_reclaimed += nr_soft_reclaimed; sc->nr_scanned += nr_soft_scanned; /* need some check for avoid more shrink_zone() */ } /* See comment about same check for global reclaim above */ if (zone->zone_pgdat == last_pgdat) continue; last_pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat; shrink_node(zone->zone_pgdat, sc); } /* * Restore to original mask to avoid the impact on the caller if we * promoted it to __GFP_HIGHMEM. */ sc->gfp_mask = orig_mask; } static void snapshot_refaults(struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg, pg_data_t *pgdat) { struct lruvec *target_lruvec; unsigned long refaults; target_lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(target_memcg, pgdat); refaults = lruvec_page_state(target_lruvec, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_ANON); target_lruvec->refaults[0] = refaults; refaults = lruvec_page_state(target_lruvec, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_FILE); target_lruvec->refaults[1] = refaults; } /* * This is the main entry point to direct page reclaim. * * If a full scan of the inactive list fails to free enough memory then we * are "out of memory" and something needs to be killed. * * If the caller is !__GFP_FS then the probability of a failure is reasonably * high - the zone may be full of dirty or under-writeback pages, which this * caller can't do much about. We kick the writeback threads and take explicit * naps in the hope that some of these pages can be written. But if the * allocating task holds filesystem locks which prevent writeout this might not * work, and the allocation attempt will fail. * * returns: 0, if no pages reclaimed * else, the number of pages reclaimed */ static unsigned long do_try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, struct scan_control *sc) { int initial_priority = sc->priority; pg_data_t *last_pgdat; struct zoneref *z; struct zone *zone; retry: delayacct_freepages_start(); if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) __count_zid_vm_events(ALLOCSTALL, sc->reclaim_idx, 1); do { vmpressure_prio(sc->gfp_mask, sc->target_mem_cgroup, sc->priority); sc->nr_scanned = 0; shrink_zones(zonelist, sc); if (sc->nr_reclaimed >= sc->nr_to_reclaim) break; if (sc->compaction_ready) break; /* * If we're getting trouble reclaiming, start doing * writepage even in laptop mode. */ if (sc->priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2) sc->may_writepage = 1; } while (--sc->priority >= 0); last_pgdat = NULL; for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zonelist, sc->reclaim_idx, sc->nodemask) { if (zone->zone_pgdat == last_pgdat) continue; last_pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat; snapshot_refaults(sc->target_mem_cgroup, zone->zone_pgdat); if (cgroup_reclaim(sc)) { struct lruvec *lruvec; lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(sc->target_mem_cgroup, zone->zone_pgdat); clear_bit(LRUVEC_CONGESTED, &lruvec->flags); } } delayacct_freepages_end(); if (sc->nr_reclaimed) return sc->nr_reclaimed; /* Aborted reclaim to try compaction? don't OOM, then */ if (sc->compaction_ready) return 1; /* * We make inactive:active ratio decisions based on the node's * composition of memory, but a restrictive reclaim_idx or a * memory.low cgroup setting can exempt large amounts of * memory from reclaim. Neither of which are very common, so * instead of doing costly eligibility calculations of the * entire cgroup subtree up front, we assume the estimates are * good, and retry with forcible deactivation if that fails. */ if (sc->skipped_deactivate) { sc->priority = initial_priority; sc->force_deactivate = 1; sc->skipped_deactivate = 0; goto retry; } /* Untapped cgroup reserves? Don't OOM, retry. */ if (sc->memcg_low_skipped) { sc->priority = initial_priority; sc->force_deactivate = 0; sc->memcg_low_reclaim = 1; sc->memcg_low_skipped = 0; goto retry; } return 0; } static bool allow_direct_reclaim(pg_data_t *pgdat) { struct zone *zone; unsigned long pfmemalloc_reserve = 0; unsigned long free_pages = 0; int i; bool wmark_ok; if (pgdat->kswapd_failures >= MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES) return true; for (i = 0; i <= ZONE_NORMAL; i++) { zone = &pgdat->node_zones[i]; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; if (!zone_reclaimable_pages(zone)) continue; pfmemalloc_reserve += min_wmark_pages(zone); free_pages += zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES); } /* If there are no reserves (unexpected config) then do not throttle */ if (!pfmemalloc_reserve) return true; wmark_ok = free_pages > pfmemalloc_reserve / 2; /* kswapd must be awake if processes are being throttled */ if (!wmark_ok && waitqueue_active(&pgdat->kswapd_wait)) { if (READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx) > ZONE_NORMAL) WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, ZONE_NORMAL); wake_up_interruptible(&pgdat->kswapd_wait); } return wmark_ok; } /* * Throttle direct reclaimers if backing storage is backed by the network * and the PFMEMALLOC reserve for the preferred node is getting dangerously * depleted. kswapd will continue to make progress and wake the processes * when the low watermark is reached. * * Returns true if a fatal signal was delivered during throttling. If this * happens, the page allocator should not consider triggering the OOM killer. */ static bool throttle_direct_reclaim(gfp_t gfp_mask, struct zonelist *zonelist, nodemask_t *nodemask) { struct zoneref *z; struct zone *zone; pg_data_t *pgdat = NULL; /* * Kernel threads should not be throttled as they may be indirectly * responsible for cleaning pages necessary for reclaim to make forward * progress. kjournald for example may enter direct reclaim while * committing a transaction where throttling it could forcing other * processes to block on log_wait_commit(). */ if (current->flags & PF_KTHREAD) goto out; /* * If a fatal signal is pending, this process should not throttle. * It should return quickly so it can exit and free its memory */ if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) goto out; /* * Check if the pfmemalloc reserves are ok by finding the first node * with a usable ZONE_NORMAL or lower zone. The expectation is that * GFP_KERNEL will be required for allocating network buffers when * swapping over the network so ZONE_HIGHMEM is unusable. * * Throttling is based on the first usable node and throttled processes * wait on a queue until kswapd makes progress and wakes them. There * is an affinity then between processes waking up and where reclaim * progress has been made assuming the process wakes on the same node. * More importantly, processes running on remote nodes will not compete * for remote pfmemalloc reserves and processes on different nodes * should make reasonable progress. */ for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zonelist, gfp_zone(gfp_mask), nodemask) { if (zone_idx(zone) > ZONE_NORMAL) continue; /* Throttle based on the first usable node */ pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat; if (allow_direct_reclaim(pgdat)) goto out; break; } /* If no zone was usable by the allocation flags then do not throttle */ if (!pgdat) goto out; /* Account for the throttling */ count_vm_event(PGSCAN_DIRECT_THROTTLE); /* * If the caller cannot enter the filesystem, it's possible that it * is due to the caller holding an FS lock or performing a journal * transaction in the case of a filesystem like ext[3|4]. In this case, * it is not safe to block on pfmemalloc_wait as kswapd could be * blocked waiting on the same lock. Instead, throttle for up to a * second before continuing. */ if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_FS)) { wait_event_interruptible_timeout(pgdat->pfmemalloc_wait, allow_direct_reclaim(pgdat), HZ); goto check_pending; } /* Throttle until kswapd wakes the process */ wait_event_killable(zone->zone_pgdat->pfmemalloc_wait, allow_direct_reclaim(pgdat)); check_pending: if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return true; out: return false; } unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask) { unsigned long nr_reclaimed; struct scan_control sc = { .nr_to_reclaim = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, .gfp_mask = current_gfp_context(gfp_mask), .reclaim_idx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask), .order = order, .nodemask = nodemask, .priority = DEF_PRIORITY, .may_writepage = !laptop_mode, .may_unmap = 1, .may_swap = 1, }; /* * scan_control uses s8 fields for order, priority, and reclaim_idx. * Confirm they are large enough for max values. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_ORDER > S8_MAX); BUILD_BUG_ON(DEF_PRIORITY > S8_MAX); BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_NR_ZONES > S8_MAX); /* * Do not enter reclaim if fatal signal was delivered while throttled. * 1 is returned so that the page allocator does not OOM kill at this * point. */ if (throttle_direct_reclaim(sc.gfp_mask, zonelist, nodemask)) return 1; set_task_reclaim_state(current, &sc.reclaim_state); trace_mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin(order, sc.gfp_mask); nr_reclaimed = do_try_to_free_pages(zonelist, &sc); trace_mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end(nr_reclaimed); set_task_reclaim_state(current, NULL); return nr_reclaimed; } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* Only used by soft limit reclaim. Do not reuse for anything else. */ unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap, pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long *nr_scanned) { struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, pgdat); struct scan_control sc = { .nr_to_reclaim = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, .target_mem_cgroup = memcg, .may_writepage = !laptop_mode, .may_unmap = 1, .reclaim_idx = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1, .may_swap = !noswap, }; WARN_ON_ONCE(!current->reclaim_state); sc.gfp_mask = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) | (GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE & ~GFP_RECLAIM_MASK); trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_begin(sc.order, sc.gfp_mask); /* * NOTE: Although we can get the priority field, using it * here is not a good idea, since it limits the pages we can scan. * if we don't reclaim here, the shrink_node from balance_pgdat * will pick up pages from other mem cgroup's as well. We hack * the priority and make it zero. */ shrink_lruvec(lruvec, &sc); trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end(sc.nr_reclaimed); *nr_scanned = sc.nr_scanned; return sc.nr_reclaimed; } unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool may_swap) { unsigned long nr_reclaimed; unsigned int noreclaim_flag; struct scan_control sc = { .nr_to_reclaim = max(nr_pages, SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX), .gfp_mask = (current_gfp_context(gfp_mask) & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) | (GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE & ~GFP_RECLAIM_MASK), .reclaim_idx = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1, .target_mem_cgroup = memcg, .priority = DEF_PRIORITY, .may_writepage = !laptop_mode, .may_unmap = 1, .may_swap = may_swap, }; /* * Traverse the ZONELIST_FALLBACK zonelist of the current node to put * equal pressure on all the nodes. This is based on the assumption that * the reclaim does not bail out early. */ struct zonelist *zonelist = node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), sc.gfp_mask); set_task_reclaim_state(current, &sc.reclaim_state); trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin(0, sc.gfp_mask); noreclaim_flag = memalloc_noreclaim_save(); nr_reclaimed = do_try_to_free_pages(zonelist, &sc); memalloc_noreclaim_restore(noreclaim_flag); trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end(nr_reclaimed); set_task_reclaim_state(current, NULL); return nr_reclaimed; } #endif static void age_active_anon(struct pglist_data *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg; struct lruvec *lruvec; if (!total_swap_pages) return; lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(NULL, pgdat); if (!inactive_is_low(lruvec, LRU_INACTIVE_ANON)) return; memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, NULL, NULL); do { lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, pgdat); shrink_active_list(SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, lruvec, sc, LRU_ACTIVE_ANON); memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, memcg, NULL); } while (memcg); } static bool pgdat_watermark_boosted(pg_data_t *pgdat, int highest_zoneidx) { int i; struct zone *zone; /* * Check for watermark boosts top-down as the higher zones * are more likely to be boosted. Both watermarks and boosts * should not be checked at the same time as reclaim would * start prematurely when there is no boosting and a lower * zone is balanced. */ for (i = highest_zoneidx; i >= 0; i--) { zone = pgdat->node_zones + i; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; if (zone->watermark_boost) return true; } return false; } /* * Returns true if there is an eligible zone balanced for the request order * and highest_zoneidx */ static bool pgdat_balanced(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx) { int i; unsigned long mark = -1; struct zone *zone; /* * Check watermarks bottom-up as lower zones are more likely to * meet watermarks. */ for (i = 0; i <= highest_zoneidx; i++) { zone = pgdat->node_zones + i; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; mark = high_wmark_pages(zone); if (zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, order, mark, highest_zoneidx)) return true; } /* * If a node has no populated zone within highest_zoneidx, it does not * need balancing by definition. This can happen if a zone-restricted * allocation tries to wake a remote kswapd. */ if (mark == -1) return true; return false; } /* Clear pgdat state for congested, dirty or under writeback. */ static void clear_pgdat_congested(pg_data_t *pgdat) { struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(NULL, pgdat); clear_bit(LRUVEC_CONGESTED, &lruvec->flags); clear_bit(PGDAT_DIRTY, &pgdat->flags); clear_bit(PGDAT_WRITEBACK, &pgdat->flags); } /* * Prepare kswapd for sleeping. This verifies that there are no processes * waiting in throttle_direct_reclaim() and that watermarks have been met. * * Returns true if kswapd is ready to sleep */ static bool prepare_kswapd_sleep(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx) { /* * The throttled processes are normally woken up in balance_pgdat() as * soon as allow_direct_reclaim() is true. But there is a potential * race between when kswapd checks the watermarks and a process gets * throttled. There is also a potential race if processes get * throttled, kswapd wakes, a large process exits thereby balancing the * zones, which causes kswapd to exit balance_pgdat() before reaching * the wake up checks. If kswapd is going to sleep, no process should * be sleeping on pfmemalloc_wait, so wake them now if necessary. If * the wake up is premature, processes will wake kswapd and get * throttled again. The difference from wake ups in balance_pgdat() is * that here we are under prepare_to_wait(). */ if (waitqueue_active(&pgdat->pfmemalloc_wait)) wake_up_all(&pgdat->pfmemalloc_wait); /* Hopeless node, leave it to direct reclaim */ if (pgdat->kswapd_failures >= MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES) return true; if (pgdat_balanced(pgdat, order, highest_zoneidx)) { clear_pgdat_congested(pgdat); return true; } return false; } /* * kswapd shrinks a node of pages that are at or below the highest usable * zone that is currently unbalanced. * * Returns true if kswapd scanned at least the requested number of pages to * reclaim or if the lack of progress was due to pages under writeback. * This is used to determine if the scanning priority needs to be raised. */ static bool kswapd_shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc) { struct zone *zone; int z; /* Reclaim a number of pages proportional to the number of zones */ sc->nr_to_reclaim = 0; for (z = 0; z <= sc->reclaim_idx; z++) { zone = pgdat->node_zones + z; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; sc->nr_to_reclaim += max(high_wmark_pages(zone), SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX); } /* * Historically care was taken to put equal pressure on all zones but * now pressure is applied based on node LRU order. */ shrink_node(pgdat, sc); /* * Fragmentation may mean that the system cannot be rebalanced for * high-order allocations. If twice the allocation size has been * reclaimed then recheck watermarks only at order-0 to prevent * excessive reclaim. Assume that a process requested a high-order * can direct reclaim/compact. */ if (sc->order && sc->nr_reclaimed >= compact_gap(sc->order)) sc->order = 0; return sc->nr_scanned >= sc->nr_to_reclaim; } /* * For kswapd, balance_pgdat() will reclaim pages across a node from zones * that are eligible for use by the caller until at least one zone is * balanced. * * Returns the order kswapd finished reclaiming at. * * kswapd scans the zones in the highmem->normal->dma direction. It skips * zones which have free_pages > high_wmark_pages(zone), but once a zone is * found to have free_pages <= high_wmark_pages(zone), any page in that zone * or lower is eligible for reclaim until at least one usable zone is * balanced. */ static int balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx) { int i; unsigned long nr_soft_reclaimed; unsigned long nr_soft_scanned; unsigned long pflags; unsigned long nr_boost_reclaim; unsigned long zone_boosts[MAX_NR_ZONES] = { 0, }; bool boosted; struct zone *zone; struct scan_control sc = { .gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL, .order = order, .may_unmap = 1, }; set_task_reclaim_state(current, &sc.reclaim_state); psi_memstall_enter(&pflags); __fs_reclaim_acquire(); count_vm_event(PAGEOUTRUN); /* * Account for the reclaim boost. Note that the zone boost is left in * place so that parallel allocations that are near the watermark will * stall or direct reclaim until kswapd is finished. */ nr_boost_reclaim = 0; for (i = 0; i <= highest_zoneidx; i++) { zone = pgdat->node_zones + i; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; nr_boost_reclaim += zone->watermark_boost; zone_boosts[i] = zone->watermark_boost; } boosted = nr_boost_reclaim; restart: sc.priority = DEF_PRIORITY; do { unsigned long nr_reclaimed = sc.nr_reclaimed; bool raise_priority = true; bool balanced; bool ret; sc.reclaim_idx = highest_zoneidx; /* * If the number of buffer_heads exceeds the maximum allowed * then consider reclaiming from all zones. This has a dual * purpose -- on 64-bit systems it is expected that * buffer_heads are stripped during active rotation. On 32-bit * systems, highmem pages can pin lowmem memory and shrinking * buffers can relieve lowmem pressure. Reclaim may still not * go ahead if all eligible zones for the original allocation * request are balanced to avoid excessive reclaim from kswapd. */ if (buffer_heads_over_limit) { for (i = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1; i >= 0; i--) { zone = pgdat->node_zones + i; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; sc.reclaim_idx = i; break; } } /* * If the pgdat is imbalanced then ignore boosting and preserve * the watermarks for a later time and restart. Note that the * zone watermarks will be still reset at the end of balancing * on the grounds that the normal reclaim should be enough to * re-evaluate if boosting is required when kswapd next wakes. */ balanced = pgdat_balanced(pgdat, sc.order, highest_zoneidx); if (!balanced && nr_boost_reclaim) { nr_boost_reclaim = 0; goto restart; } /* * If boosting is not active then only reclaim if there are no * eligible zones. Note that sc.reclaim_idx is not used as * buffer_heads_over_limit may have adjusted it. */ if (!nr_boost_reclaim && balanced) goto out; /* Limit the priority of boosting to avoid reclaim writeback */ if (nr_boost_reclaim && sc.priority == DEF_PRIORITY - 2) raise_priority = false; /* * Do not writeback or swap pages for boosted reclaim. The * intent is to relieve pressure not issue sub-optimal IO * from reclaim context. If no pages are reclaimed, the * reclaim will be aborted. */ sc.may_writepage = !laptop_mode && !nr_boost_reclaim; sc.may_swap = !nr_boost_reclaim; /* * Do some background aging of the anon list, to give * pages a chance to be referenced before reclaiming. All * pages are rotated regardless of classzone as this is * about consistent aging. */ age_active_anon(pgdat, &sc); /* * If we're getting trouble reclaiming, start doing writepage * even in laptop mode. */ if (sc.priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2) sc.may_writepage = 1; /* Call soft limit reclaim before calling shrink_node. */ sc.nr_scanned = 0; nr_soft_scanned = 0; nr_soft_reclaimed = mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(pgdat, sc.order, sc.gfp_mask, &nr_soft_scanned); sc.nr_reclaimed += nr_soft_reclaimed; /* * There should be no need to raise the scanning priority if * enough pages are already being scanned that that high * watermark would be met at 100% efficiency. */ if (kswapd_shrink_node(pgdat, &sc)) raise_priority = false; /* * If the low watermark is met there is no need for processes * to be throttled on pfmemalloc_wait as they should not be * able to safely make forward progress. Wake them */ if (waitqueue_active(&pgdat->pfmemalloc_wait) && allow_direct_reclaim(pgdat)) wake_up_all(&pgdat->pfmemalloc_wait); /* Check if kswapd should be suspending */ __fs_reclaim_release(); ret = try_to_freeze(); __fs_reclaim_acquire(); if (ret || kthread_should_stop()) break; /* * Raise priority if scanning rate is too low or there was no * progress in reclaiming pages */ nr_reclaimed = sc.nr_reclaimed - nr_reclaimed; nr_boost_reclaim -= min(nr_boost_reclaim, nr_reclaimed); /* * If reclaim made no progress for a boost, stop reclaim as * IO cannot be queued and it could be an infinite loop in * extreme circumstances. */ if (nr_boost_reclaim && !nr_reclaimed) break; if (raise_priority || !nr_reclaimed) sc.priority--; } while (sc.priority >= 1); if (!sc.nr_reclaimed) pgdat->kswapd_failures++; out: /* If reclaim was boosted, account for the reclaim done in this pass */ if (boosted) { unsigned long flags; for (i = 0; i <= highest_zoneidx; i++) { if (!zone_boosts[i]) continue; /* Increments are under the zone lock */ zone = pgdat->node_zones + i; spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags); zone->watermark_boost -= min(zone->watermark_boost, zone_boosts[i]); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags); } /* * As there is now likely space, wakeup kcompact to defragment * pageblocks. */ wakeup_kcompactd(pgdat, pageblock_order, highest_zoneidx); } snapshot_refaults(NULL, pgdat); __fs_reclaim_release(); psi_memstall_leave(&pflags); set_task_reclaim_state(current, NULL); /* * Return the order kswapd stopped reclaiming at as * prepare_kswapd_sleep() takes it into account. If another caller * entered the allocator slow path while kswapd was awake, order will * remain at the higher level. */ return sc.order; } /* * The pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx is used to pass the highest zone index to * be reclaimed by kswapd from the waker. If the value is MAX_NR_ZONES which is * not a valid index then either kswapd runs for first time or kswapd couldn't * sleep after previous reclaim attempt (node is still unbalanced). In that * case return the zone index of the previous kswapd reclaim cycle. */ static enum zone_type kswapd_highest_zoneidx(pg_data_t *pgdat, enum zone_type prev_highest_zoneidx) { enum zone_type curr_idx = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx); return curr_idx == MAX_NR_ZONES ? prev_highest_zoneidx : curr_idx; } static void kswapd_try_to_sleep(pg_data_t *pgdat, int alloc_order, int reclaim_order, unsigned int highest_zoneidx) { long remaining = 0; DEFINE_WAIT(wait); if (freezing(current) || kthread_should_stop()) return; prepare_to_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); /* * Try to sleep for a short interval. Note that kcompactd will only be * woken if it is possible to sleep for a short interval. This is * deliberate on the assumption that if reclaim cannot keep an * eligible zone balanced that it's also unlikely that compaction will * succeed. */ if (prepare_kswapd_sleep(pgdat, reclaim_order, highest_zoneidx)) { /* * Compaction records what page blocks it recently failed to * isolate pages from and skips them in the future scanning. * When kswapd is going to sleep, it is reasonable to assume * that pages and compaction may succeed so reset the cache. */ reset_isolation_suitable(pgdat); /* * We have freed the memory, now we should compact it to make * allocation of the requested order possible. */ wakeup_kcompactd(pgdat, alloc_order, highest_zoneidx); remaining = schedule_timeout(HZ/10); /* * If woken prematurely then reset kswapd_highest_zoneidx and * order. The values will either be from a wakeup request or * the previous request that slept prematurely. */ if (remaining) { WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, kswapd_highest_zoneidx(pgdat, highest_zoneidx)); if (READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order) < reclaim_order) WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, reclaim_order); } finish_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait); prepare_to_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); } /* * After a short sleep, check if it was a premature sleep. If not, then * go fully to sleep until explicitly woken up. */ if (!remaining && prepare_kswapd_sleep(pgdat, reclaim_order, highest_zoneidx)) { trace_mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep(pgdat->node_id); /* * vmstat counters are not perfectly accurate and the estimated * value for counters such as NR_FREE_PAGES can deviate from the * true value by nr_online_cpus * threshold. To avoid the zone * watermarks being breached while under pressure, we reduce the * per-cpu vmstat threshold while kswapd is awake and restore * them before going back to sleep. */ set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pgdat, calculate_normal_threshold); if (!kthread_should_stop()) schedule(); set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pgdat, calculate_pressure_threshold); } else { if (remaining) count_vm_event(KSWAPD_LOW_WMARK_HIT_QUICKLY); else count_vm_event(KSWAPD_HIGH_WMARK_HIT_QUICKLY); } finish_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait); } /* * The background pageout daemon, started as a kernel thread * from the init process. * * This basically trickles out pages so that we have _some_ * free memory available even if there is no other activity * that frees anything up. This is needed for things like routing * etc, where we otherwise might have all activity going on in * asynchronous contexts that cannot page things out. * * If there are applications that are active memory-allocators * (most normal use), this basically shouldn't matter. */ static int kswapd(void *p) { unsigned int alloc_order, reclaim_order; unsigned int highest_zoneidx = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1; pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t*)p; struct task_struct *tsk = current; const struct cpumask *cpumask = cpumask_of_node(pgdat->node_id); if (!cpumask_empty(cpumask)) set_cpus_allowed_ptr(tsk, cpumask); /* * Tell the memory management that we're a "memory allocator", * and that if we need more memory we should get access to it * regardless (see "__alloc_pages()"). "kswapd" should * never get caught in the normal page freeing logic. * * (Kswapd normally doesn't need memory anyway, but sometimes * you need a small amount of memory in order to be able to * page out something else, and this flag essentially protects * us from recursively trying to free more memory as we're * trying to free the first piece of memory in the first place). */ tsk->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC | PF_SWAPWRITE | PF_KSWAPD; set_freezable(); WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, 0); WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, MAX_NR_ZONES); for ( ; ; ) { bool ret; alloc_order = reclaim_order = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order); highest_zoneidx = kswapd_highest_zoneidx(pgdat, highest_zoneidx); kswapd_try_sleep: kswapd_try_to_sleep(pgdat, alloc_order, reclaim_order, highest_zoneidx); /* Read the new order and highest_zoneidx */ alloc_order = reclaim_order = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order); highest_zoneidx = kswapd_highest_zoneidx(pgdat, highest_zoneidx); WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, 0); WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, MAX_NR_ZONES); ret = try_to_freeze(); if (kthread_should_stop()) break; /* * We can speed up thawing tasks if we don't call balance_pgdat * after returning from the refrigerator */ if (ret) continue; /* * Reclaim begins at the requested order but if a high-order * reclaim fails then kswapd falls back to reclaiming for * order-0. If that happens, kswapd will consider sleeping * for the order it finished reclaiming at (reclaim_order) * but kcompactd is woken to compact for the original * request (alloc_order). */ trace_mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake(pgdat->node_id, highest_zoneidx, alloc_order); reclaim_order = balance_pgdat(pgdat, alloc_order, highest_zoneidx); if (reclaim_order < alloc_order) goto kswapd_try_sleep; } tsk->flags &= ~(PF_MEMALLOC | PF_SWAPWRITE | PF_KSWAPD); return 0; } /* * A zone is low on free memory or too fragmented for high-order memory. If * kswapd should reclaim (direct reclaim is deferred), wake it up for the zone's * pgdat. It will wake up kcompactd after reclaiming memory. If kswapd reclaim * has failed or is not needed, still wake up kcompactd if only compaction is * needed. */ void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_flags, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx) { pg_data_t *pgdat; enum zone_type curr_idx; if (!managed_zone(zone)) return; if (!cpuset_zone_allowed(zone, gfp_flags)) return; pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat; curr_idx = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx); if (curr_idx == MAX_NR_ZONES || curr_idx < highest_zoneidx) WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, highest_zoneidx); if (READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order) < order) WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, order); if (!waitqueue_active(&pgdat->kswapd_wait)) return; /* Hopeless node, leave it to direct reclaim if possible */ if (pgdat->kswapd_failures >= MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES || (pgdat_balanced(pgdat, order, highest_zoneidx) && !pgdat_watermark_boosted(pgdat, highest_zoneidx))) { /* * There may be plenty of free memory available, but it's too * fragmented for high-order allocations. Wake up kcompactd * and rely on compaction_suitable() to determine if it's * needed. If it fails, it will defer subsequent attempts to * ratelimit its work. */ if (!(gfp_flags & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM)) wakeup_kcompactd(pgdat, order, highest_zoneidx); return; } trace_mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd(pgdat->node_id, highest_zoneidx, order, gfp_flags); wake_up_interruptible(&pgdat->kswapd_wait); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION /* * Try to free `nr_to_reclaim' of memory, system-wide, and return the number of * freed pages. * * Rather than trying to age LRUs the aim is to preserve the overall * LRU order by reclaiming preferentially * inactive > active > active referenced > active mapped */ unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_to_reclaim) { struct scan_control sc = { .nr_to_reclaim = nr_to_reclaim, .gfp_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, .reclaim_idx = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1, .priority = DEF_PRIORITY, .may_writepage = 1, .may_unmap = 1, .may_swap = 1, .hibernation_mode = 1, }; struct zonelist *zonelist = node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), sc.gfp_mask); unsigned long nr_reclaimed; unsigned int noreclaim_flag; fs_reclaim_acquire(sc.gfp_mask); noreclaim_flag = memalloc_noreclaim_save(); set_task_reclaim_state(current, &sc.reclaim_state); nr_reclaimed = do_try_to_free_pages(zonelist, &sc); set_task_reclaim_state(current, NULL); memalloc_noreclaim_restore(noreclaim_flag); fs_reclaim_release(sc.gfp_mask); return nr_reclaimed; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ /* * This kswapd start function will be called by init and node-hot-add. * On node-hot-add, kswapd will moved to proper cpus if cpus are hot-added. */ int kswapd_run(int nid) { pg_data_t *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid); int ret = 0; if (pgdat->kswapd) return 0; pgdat->kswapd = kthread_run(kswapd, pgdat, "kswapd%d", nid); if (IS_ERR(pgdat->kswapd)) { /* failure at boot is fatal */ BUG_ON(system_state < SYSTEM_RUNNING); pr_err("Failed to start kswapd on node %d\n", nid); ret = PTR_ERR(pgdat->kswapd); pgdat->kswapd = NULL; } return ret; } /* * Called by memory hotplug when all memory in a node is offlined. Caller must * hold mem_hotplug_begin/end(). */ void kswapd_stop(int nid) { struct task_struct *kswapd = NODE_DATA(nid)->kswapd; if (kswapd) { kthread_stop(kswapd); NODE_DATA(nid)->kswapd = NULL; } } static int __init kswapd_init(void) { int nid; swap_setup(); for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) kswapd_run(nid); return 0; } module_init(kswapd_init) #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * Node reclaim mode * * If non-zero call node_reclaim when the number of free pages falls below * the watermarks. */ int node_reclaim_mode __read_mostly; /* * These bit locations are exposed in the vm.zone_reclaim_mode sysctl * ABI. New bits are OK, but existing bits can never change. */ #define RECLAIM_ZONE (1<<0) /* Run shrink_inactive_list on the zone */ #define RECLAIM_WRITE (1<<1) /* Writeout pages during reclaim */ #define RECLAIM_UNMAP (1<<2) /* Unmap pages during reclaim */ /* * Priority for NODE_RECLAIM. This determines the fraction of pages * of a node considered for each zone_reclaim. 4 scans 1/16th of * a zone. */ #define NODE_RECLAIM_PRIORITY 4 /* * Percentage of pages in a zone that must be unmapped for node_reclaim to * occur. */ int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio = 1; /* * If the number of slab pages in a zone grows beyond this percentage then * slab reclaim needs to occur. */ int sysctl_min_slab_ratio = 5; static inline unsigned long node_unmapped_file_pages(struct pglist_data *pgdat) { unsigned long file_mapped = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_FILE_MAPPED); unsigned long file_lru = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_INACTIVE_FILE) + node_page_state(pgdat, NR_ACTIVE_FILE); /* * It's possible for there to be more file mapped pages than * accounted for by the pages on the file LRU lists because * tmpfs pages accounted for as ANON can also be FILE_MAPPED */ return (file_lru > file_mapped) ? (file_lru - file_mapped) : 0; } /* Work out how many page cache pages we can reclaim in this reclaim_mode */ static unsigned long node_pagecache_reclaimable(struct pglist_data *pgdat) { unsigned long nr_pagecache_reclaimable; unsigned long delta = 0; /* * If RECLAIM_UNMAP is set, then all file pages are considered * potentially reclaimable. Otherwise, we have to worry about * pages like swapcache and node_unmapped_file_pages() provides * a better estimate */ if (node_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_UNMAP) nr_pagecache_reclaimable = node_page_state(pgdat, NR_FILE_PAGES); else nr_pagecache_reclaimable = node_unmapped_file_pages(pgdat); /* If we can't clean pages, remove dirty pages from consideration */ if (!(node_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_WRITE)) delta += node_page_state(pgdat, NR_FILE_DIRTY); /* Watch for any possible underflows due to delta */ if (unlikely(delta > nr_pagecache_reclaimable)) delta = nr_pagecache_reclaimable; return nr_pagecache_reclaimable - delta; } /* * Try to free up some pages from this node through reclaim. */ static int __node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { /* Minimum pages needed in order to stay on node */ const unsigned long nr_pages = 1 << order; struct task_struct *p = current; unsigned int noreclaim_flag; struct scan_control sc = { .nr_to_reclaim = max(nr_pages, SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX), .gfp_mask = current_gfp_context(gfp_mask), .order = order, .priority = NODE_RECLAIM_PRIORITY, .may_writepage = !!(node_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_WRITE), .may_unmap = !!(node_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_UNMAP), .may_swap = 1, .reclaim_idx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask), }; trace_mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_begin(pgdat->node_id, order, sc.gfp_mask); cond_resched(); fs_reclaim_acquire(sc.gfp_mask); /* * We need to be able to allocate from the reserves for RECLAIM_UNMAP * and we also need to be able to write out pages for RECLAIM_WRITE * and RECLAIM_UNMAP. */ noreclaim_flag = memalloc_noreclaim_save(); p->flags |= PF_SWAPWRITE; set_task_reclaim_state(p, &sc.reclaim_state); if (node_pagecache_reclaimable(pgdat) > pgdat->min_unmapped_pages) { /* * Free memory by calling shrink node with increasing * priorities until we have enough memory freed. */ do { shrink_node(pgdat, &sc); } while (sc.nr_reclaimed < nr_pages && --sc.priority >= 0); } set_task_reclaim_state(p, NULL); current->flags &= ~PF_SWAPWRITE; memalloc_noreclaim_restore(noreclaim_flag); fs_reclaim_release(sc.gfp_mask); trace_mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_end(sc.nr_reclaimed); return sc.nr_reclaimed >= nr_pages; } int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { int ret; /* * Node reclaim reclaims unmapped file backed pages and * slab pages if we are over the defined limits. * * A small portion of unmapped file backed pages is needed for * file I/O otherwise pages read by file I/O will be immediately * thrown out if the node is overallocated. So we do not reclaim * if less than a specified percentage of the node is used by * unmapped file backed pages. */ if (node_pagecache_reclaimable(pgdat) <= pgdat->min_unmapped_pages && node_page_state_pages(pgdat, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B) <= pgdat->min_slab_pages) return NODE_RECLAIM_FULL; /* * Do not scan if the allocation should not be delayed. */ if (!gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask) || (current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC)) return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; /* * Only run node reclaim on the local node or on nodes that do not * have associated processors. This will favor the local processor * over remote processors and spread off node memory allocations * as wide as possible. */ if (node_state(pgdat->node_id, N_CPU) && pgdat->node_id != numa_node_id()) return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; if (test_and_set_bit(PGDAT_RECLAIM_LOCKED, &pgdat->flags)) return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; ret = __node_reclaim(pgdat, gfp_mask, order); clear_bit(PGDAT_RECLAIM_LOCKED, &pgdat->flags); if (!ret) count_vm_event(PGSCAN_ZONE_RECLAIM_FAILED); return ret; } #endif /** * check_move_unevictable_pages - check pages for evictability and move to * appropriate zone lru list * @pvec: pagevec with lru pages to check * * Checks pages for evictability, if an evictable page is in the unevictable * lru list, moves it to the appropriate evictable lru list. This function * should be only used for lru pages. */ void check_move_unevictable_pages(struct pagevec *pvec) { struct lruvec *lruvec; struct pglist_data *pgdat = NULL; int pgscanned = 0; int pgrescued = 0; int i; for (i = 0; i < pvec->nr; i++) { struct page *page = pvec->pages[i]; struct pglist_data *pagepgdat = page_pgdat(page); int nr_pages; if (PageTransTail(page)) continue; nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); pgscanned += nr_pages; if (pagepgdat != pgdat) { if (pgdat) spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); pgdat = pagepgdat; spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); } lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat); if (!PageLRU(page) || !PageUnevictable(page)) continue; if (page_evictable(page)) { enum lru_list lru = page_lru_base_type(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page), page); ClearPageUnevictable(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, LRU_UNEVICTABLE); add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); pgrescued += nr_pages; } } if (pgdat) { __count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGRESCUED, pgrescued); __count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGSCANNED, pgscanned); spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(check_move_unevictable_pages);
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Author: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> * Author: Dmitry Safonov <dima@arista.com> */ #include <linux/time_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/clocksource.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <vdso/datapage.h> ktime_t do_timens_ktime_to_host(clockid_t clockid, ktime_t tim, struct timens_offsets *ns_offsets) { ktime_t offset; switch (clockid) { case CLOCK_MONOTONIC: offset = timespec64_to_ktime(ns_offsets->monotonic); break; case CLOCK_BOOTTIME: case CLOCK_BOOTTIME_ALARM: offset = timespec64_to_ktime(ns_offsets->boottime); break; default: return tim; } /* * Check that @tim value is in [offset, KTIME_MAX + offset] * and subtract offset. */ if (tim < offset) { /* * User can specify @tim *absolute* value - if it's lesser than * the time namespace's offset - it's already expired. */ tim = 0; } else { tim = ktime_sub(tim, offset); if (unlikely(tim > KTIME_MAX)) tim = KTIME_MAX; } return tim; } static struct ucounts *inc_time_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns) { return inc_ucount(ns, current_euid(), UCOUNT_TIME_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_time_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_TIME_NAMESPACES); } /** * clone_time_ns - Clone a time namespace * @user_ns: User namespace which owns a new namespace. * @old_ns: Namespace to clone * * Clone @old_ns and set the clone refcount to 1 * * Return: The new namespace or ERR_PTR. */ static struct time_namespace *clone_time_ns(struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct time_namespace *old_ns) { struct time_namespace *ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int err; err = -ENOSPC; ucounts = inc_time_namespaces(user_ns); if (!ucounts) goto fail; err = -ENOMEM; ns = kmalloc(sizeof(*ns), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ns) goto fail_dec; kref_init(&ns->kref); ns->vvar_page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO); if (!ns->vvar_page) goto fail_free; err = ns_alloc_inum(&ns->ns); if (err) goto fail_free_page; ns->ucounts = ucounts; ns->ns.ops = &timens_operations; ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); ns->offsets = old_ns->offsets; ns->frozen_offsets = false; return ns; fail_free_page: __free_page(ns->vvar_page); fail_free: kfree(ns); fail_dec: dec_time_namespaces(ucounts); fail: return ERR_PTR(err); } /** * copy_time_ns - Create timens_for_children from @old_ns * @flags: Cloning flags * @user_ns: User namespace which owns a new namespace. * @old_ns: Namespace to clone * * If CLONE_NEWTIME specified in @flags, creates a new timens_for_children; * adds a refcounter to @old_ns otherwise. * * Return: timens_for_children namespace or ERR_PTR. */ struct time_namespace *copy_time_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct time_namespace *old_ns) { if (!(flags & CLONE_NEWTIME)) return get_time_ns(old_ns); return clone_time_ns(user_ns, old_ns); } static struct timens_offset offset_from_ts(struct timespec64 off) { struct timens_offset ret; ret.sec = off.tv_sec; ret.nsec = off.tv_nsec; return ret; } /* * A time namespace VVAR page has the same layout as the VVAR page which * contains the system wide VDSO data. * * For a normal task the VVAR pages are installed in the normal ordering: * VVAR * PVCLOCK * HVCLOCK * TIMENS <- Not really required * * Now for a timens task the pages are installed in the following order: * TIMENS * PVCLOCK * HVCLOCK * VVAR * * The check for vdso_data->clock_mode is in the unlikely path of * the seq begin magic. So for the non-timens case most of the time * 'seq' is even, so the branch is not taken. * * If 'seq' is odd, i.e. a concurrent update is in progress, the extra check * for vdso_data->clock_mode is a non-issue. The task is spin waiting for the * update to finish and for 'seq' to become even anyway. * * Timens page has vdso_data->clock_mode set to VDSO_CLOCKMODE_TIMENS which * enforces the time namespace handling path. */ static void timens_setup_vdso_data(struct vdso_data *vdata, struct time_namespace *ns) { struct timens_offset *offset = vdata->offset; struct timens_offset monotonic = offset_from_ts(ns->offsets.monotonic); struct timens_offset boottime = offset_from_ts(ns->offsets.boottime); vdata->seq = 1; vdata->clock_mode = VDSO_CLOCKMODE_TIMENS; offset[CLOCK_MONOTONIC] = monotonic; offset[CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW] = monotonic; offset[CLOCK_MONOTONIC_COARSE] = monotonic; offset[CLOCK_BOOTTIME] = boottime; offset[CLOCK_BOOTTIME_ALARM] = boottime; } /* * Protects possibly multiple offsets writers racing each other * and tasks entering the namespace. */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(offset_lock); static void timens_set_vvar_page(struct task_struct *task, struct time_namespace *ns) { struct vdso_data *vdata; unsigned int i; if (ns == &init_time_ns) return; /* Fast-path, taken by every task in namespace except the first. */ if (likely(ns->frozen_offsets)) return; mutex_lock(&offset_lock); /* Nothing to-do: vvar_page has been already initialized. */ if (ns->frozen_offsets) goto out; ns->frozen_offsets = true; vdata = arch_get_vdso_data(page_address(ns->vvar_page)); for (i = 0; i < CS_BASES; i++) timens_setup_vdso_data(&vdata[i], ns); out: mutex_unlock(&offset_lock); } void free_time_ns(struct kref *kref) { struct time_namespace *ns; ns = container_of(kref, struct time_namespace, kref); dec_time_namespaces(ns->ucounts); put_user_ns(ns->user_ns); ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); __free_page(ns->vvar_page); kfree(ns); } static struct time_namespace *to_time_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct time_namespace, ns); } static struct ns_common *timens_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct time_namespace *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = nsproxy->time_ns; get_time_ns(ns); } task_unlock(task); return ns ? &ns->ns : NULL; } static struct ns_common *timens_for_children_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct time_namespace *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = nsproxy->time_ns_for_children; get_time_ns(ns); } task_unlock(task); return ns ? &ns->ns : NULL; } static void timens_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_time_ns(to_time_ns(ns)); } void timens_commit(struct task_struct *tsk, struct time_namespace *ns) { timens_set_vvar_page(tsk, ns); vdso_join_timens(tsk, ns); } static int timens_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *new) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy = nsset->nsproxy; struct time_namespace *ns = to_time_ns(new); if (!current_is_single_threaded()) return -EUSERS; if (!ns_capable(ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !ns_capable(nsset->cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; get_time_ns(ns); put_time_ns(nsproxy->time_ns); nsproxy->time_ns = ns; get_time_ns(ns); put_time_ns(nsproxy->time_ns_for_children); nsproxy->time_ns_for_children = ns; return 0; } int timens_on_fork(struct nsproxy *nsproxy, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct ns_common *nsc = &nsproxy->time_ns_for_children->ns; struct time_namespace *ns = to_time_ns(nsc); /* create_new_namespaces() already incremented the ref counter */ if (nsproxy->time_ns == nsproxy->time_ns_for_children) return 0; get_time_ns(ns); put_time_ns(nsproxy->time_ns); nsproxy->time_ns = ns; timens_commit(tsk, ns); return 0; } static struct user_namespace *timens_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_time_ns(ns)->user_ns; } static void show_offset(struct seq_file *m, int clockid, struct timespec64 *ts) { char *clock; switch (clockid) { case CLOCK_BOOTTIME: clock = "boottime"; break; case CLOCK_MONOTONIC: clock = "monotonic"; break; default: clock = "unknown"; break; } seq_printf(m, "%-10s %10lld %9ld\n", clock, ts->tv_sec, ts->tv_nsec); } void proc_timens_show_offsets(struct task_struct *p, struct seq_file *m) { struct ns_common *ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns; ns = timens_for_children_get(p); if (!ns) return; time_ns = to_time_ns(ns); show_offset(m, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &time_ns->offsets.monotonic); show_offset(m, CLOCK_BOOTTIME, &time_ns->offsets.boottime); put_time_ns(time_ns); } int proc_timens_set_offset(struct file *file, struct task_struct *p, struct proc_timens_offset *offsets, int noffsets) { struct ns_common *ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns; struct timespec64 tp; int i, err; ns = timens_for_children_get(p); if (!ns) return -ESRCH; time_ns = to_time_ns(ns); if (!file_ns_capable(file, time_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_TIME)) { put_time_ns(time_ns); return -EPERM; } for (i = 0; i < noffsets; i++) { struct proc_timens_offset *off = &offsets[i]; switch (off->clockid) { case CLOCK_MONOTONIC: ktime_get_ts64(&tp); break; case CLOCK_BOOTTIME: ktime_get_boottime_ts64(&tp); break; default: err = -EINVAL; goto out; } err = -ERANGE; if (off->val.tv_sec > KTIME_SEC_MAX || off->val.tv_sec < -KTIME_SEC_MAX) goto out; tp = timespec64_add(tp, off->val); /* * KTIME_SEC_MAX is divided by 2 to be sure that KTIME_MAX is * still unreachable. */ if (tp.tv_sec < 0 || tp.tv_sec > KTIME_SEC_MAX / 2) goto out; } mutex_lock(&offset_lock); if (time_ns->frozen_offsets) { err = -EACCES; goto out_unlock; } err = 0; /* Don't report errors after this line */ for (i = 0; i < noffsets; i++) { struct proc_timens_offset *off = &offsets[i]; struct timespec64 *offset = NULL; switch (off->clockid) { case CLOCK_MONOTONIC: offset = &time_ns->offsets.monotonic; break; case CLOCK_BOOTTIME: offset = &time_ns->offsets.boottime; break; } *offset = off->val; } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&offset_lock); out: put_time_ns(time_ns); return err; } const struct proc_ns_operations timens_operations = { .name = "time", .type = CLONE_NEWTIME, .get = timens_get, .put = timens_put, .install = timens_install, .owner = timens_owner, }; const struct proc_ns_operations timens_for_children_operations = { .name = "time_for_children", .real_ns_name = "time", .type = CLONE_NEWTIME, .get = timens_for_children_get, .put = timens_put, .install = timens_install, .owner = timens_owner, }; struct time_namespace init_time_ns = { .kref = KREF_INIT(3), .user_ns = &init_user_ns, .ns.inum = PROC_TIME_INIT_INO, .ns.ops = &timens_operations, .frozen_offsets = true, }; static int __init time_ns_init(void) { return 0; } subsys_initcall(time_ns_init);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __VDSO_MATH64_H #define __VDSO_MATH64_H static __always_inline u32 __iter_div_u64_rem(u64 dividend, u32 divisor, u64 *remainder) { u32 ret = 0; while (dividend >= divisor) { /* The following asm() prevents the compiler from optimising this loop into a modulo operation. */ asm("" : "+rm"(dividend)); dividend -= divisor; ret++; } *remainder = dividend; return ret; } #endif /* __VDSO_MATH64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY 0 /* * If more than 16 keys are ever supported, a thorough audit * will be necessary to ensure that the types that store key * numbers and masks have sufficient capacity. */ #define arch_max_pkey() (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE) ? 16 : 1) extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); static inline bool arch_pkeys_enabled(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE); } /* * Try to dedicate one of the protection keys to be used as an * execute-only protection key. */ extern int __execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline int execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY; return __execute_only_pkey(mm); } extern int __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey); static inline int arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return 0; return __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(vma, prot, pkey); } extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); #define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS (VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3) #define mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) (mm->context.pkey_allocation_map) #define mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) |= (1U << pkey); \ } while (0) #define mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) &= ~(1U << pkey); \ } while (0) static inline bool mm_pkey_is_allocated(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { /* * "Allocated" pkeys are those that have been returned * from pkey_alloc() or pkey 0 which is allocated * implicitly when the mm is created. */ if (pkey < 0) return false; if (pkey >= arch_max_pkey()) return false; /* * The exec-only pkey is set in the allocation map, but * is not available to any of the user interfaces like * mprotect_pkey(). */ if (pkey == mm->context.execute_only_pkey) return false; return mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) & (1U << pkey); } /* * Returns a positive, 4-bit key on success, or -1 on failure. */ static inline int mm_pkey_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Note: this is the one and only place we make sure * that the pkey is valid as far as the hardware is * concerned. The rest of the kernel trusts that * only good, valid pkeys come out of here. */ u16 all_pkeys_mask = ((1U << arch_max_pkey()) - 1); int ret; /* * Are we out of pkeys? We must handle this specially * because ffz() behavior is undefined if there are no * zeros. */ if (mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) == all_pkeys_mask) return -1; ret = ffz(mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm)); mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, ret); return ret; } static inline int mm_pkey_free(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { if (!mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey)) return -EINVAL; mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey); return 0; } extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern void copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(void); static inline int vma_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vma_pkey_mask = VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3; return (vma->vm_flags & vma_pkey_mask) >> VM_PKEY_SHIFT; } #endif /*_ASM_X86_PKEYS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #define _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * struct min_heap - Data structure to hold a min-heap. * @data: Start of array holding the heap elements. * @nr: Number of elements currently in the heap. * @size: Maximum number of elements that can be held in current storage. */ struct min_heap { void *data; int nr; int size; }; /** * struct min_heap_callbacks - Data/functions to customise the min_heap. * @elem_size: The nr of each element in bytes. * @less: Partial order function for this heap. * @swp: Swap elements function. */ struct min_heap_callbacks { int elem_size; bool (*less)(const void *lhs, const void *rhs); void (*swp)(void *lhs, void *rhs); }; /* Sift the element at pos down the heap. */ static __always_inline void min_heapify(struct min_heap *heap, int pos, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *left, *right, *parent, *smallest; void *data = heap->data; for (;;) { if (pos * 2 + 1 >= heap->nr) break; left = data + ((pos * 2 + 1) * func->elem_size); parent = data + (pos * func->elem_size); smallest = parent; if (func->less(left, smallest)) smallest = left; if (pos * 2 + 2 < heap->nr) { right = data + ((pos * 2 + 2) * func->elem_size); if (func->less(right, smallest)) smallest = right; } if (smallest == parent) break; func->swp(smallest, parent); if (smallest == left) pos = (pos * 2) + 1; else pos = (pos * 2) + 2; } } /* Floyd's approach to heapification that is O(nr). */ static __always_inline void min_heapify_all(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { int i; for (i = heap->nr / 2; i >= 0; i--) min_heapify(heap, i, func); } /* Remove minimum element from the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr <= 0, "Popping an empty heap")) return; /* Place last element at the root (position 0) and then sift down. */ heap->nr--; memcpy(data, data + (heap->nr * func->elem_size), func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* * Remove the minimum element and then push the given element. The * implementation performs 1 sift (O(log2(nr))) and is therefore more * efficient than a pop followed by a push that does 2. */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { memcpy(heap->data, element, func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* Push an element on to the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; void *child, *parent; int pos; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr >= heap->size, "Pushing on a full heap")) return; /* Place at the end of data. */ pos = heap->nr; memcpy(data + (pos * func->elem_size), element, func->elem_size); heap->nr++; /* Sift child at pos up. */ for (; pos > 0; pos = (pos - 1) / 2) { child = data + (pos * func->elem_size); parent = data + ((pos - 1) / 2) * func->elem_size; if (func->less(parent, child)) break; func->swp(parent, child); } } #endif /* _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NET Generic infrastructure for Network protocols. * * Definitions for request_sock * * Authors: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br> * * From code originally in include/net/tcp.h */ #ifndef _REQUEST_SOCK_H #define _REQUEST_SOCK_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/sock.h> struct request_sock; struct sk_buff; struct dst_entry; struct proto; struct request_sock_ops { int family; unsigned int obj_size; struct kmem_cache *slab; char *slab_name; int (*rtx_syn_ack)(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void (*send_ack)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req); void (*send_reset)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*destructor)(struct request_sock *req); void (*syn_ack_timeout)(const struct request_sock *req); }; int inet_rtx_syn_ack(const struct sock *parent, struct request_sock *req); struct saved_syn { u32 mac_hdrlen; u32 network_hdrlen; u32 tcp_hdrlen; u8 data[]; }; /* struct request_sock - mini sock to represent a connection request */ struct request_sock { struct sock_common __req_common; #define rsk_refcnt __req_common.skc_refcnt #define rsk_hash __req_common.skc_hash #define rsk_listener __req_common.skc_listener #define rsk_window_clamp __req_common.skc_window_clamp #define rsk_rcv_wnd __req_common.skc_rcv_wnd struct request_sock *dl_next; u16 mss; u8 num_retrans; /* number of retransmits */ u8 syncookie:1; /* syncookie: encode tcpopts in timestamp */ u8 num_timeout:7; /* number of timeouts */ u32 ts_recent; struct timer_list rsk_timer; const struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops; struct sock *sk; struct saved_syn *saved_syn; u32 secid; u32 peer_secid; }; static inline struct request_sock *inet_reqsk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct request_sock *)sk; } static inline struct sock *req_to_sk(struct request_sock *req) { return (struct sock *)req; } static inline struct request_sock * reqsk_alloc(const struct request_sock_ops *ops, struct sock *sk_listener, bool attach_listener) { struct request_sock *req; req = kmem_cache_alloc(ops->slab, GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!req) return NULL; req->rsk_listener = NULL; if (attach_listener) { if (unlikely(!refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk_listener->sk_refcnt))) { kmem_cache_free(ops->slab, req); return NULL; } req->rsk_listener = sk_listener; } req->rsk_ops = ops; req_to_sk(req)->sk_prot = sk_listener->sk_prot; sk_node_init(&req_to_sk(req)->sk_node); sk_tx_queue_clear(req_to_sk(req)); req->saved_syn = NULL; req->num_timeout = 0; req->num_retrans = 0; req->sk = NULL; refcount_set(&req->rsk_refcnt, 0); return req; } static inline void __reqsk_free(struct request_sock *req) { req->rsk_ops->destructor(req); if (req->rsk_listener) sock_put(req->rsk_listener); kfree(req->saved_syn); kmem_cache_free(req->rsk_ops->slab, req); } static inline void reqsk_free(struct request_sock *req) { WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&req->rsk_refcnt) != 0); __reqsk_free(req); } static inline void reqsk_put(struct request_sock *req) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&req->rsk_refcnt)) reqsk_free(req); } /* * For a TCP Fast Open listener - * lock - protects the access to all the reqsk, which is co-owned by * the listener and the child socket. * qlen - pending TFO requests (still in TCP_SYN_RECV). * max_qlen - max TFO reqs allowed before TFO is disabled. * * XXX (TFO) - ideally these fields can be made as part of "listen_sock" * structure above. But there is some implementation difficulty due to * listen_sock being part of request_sock_queue hence will be freed when * a listener is stopped. But TFO related fields may continue to be * accessed even after a listener is closed, until its sk_refcnt drops * to 0 implying no more outstanding TFO reqs. One solution is to keep * listen_opt around until sk_refcnt drops to 0. But there is some other * complexity that needs to be resolved. E.g., a listener can be disabled * temporarily through shutdown()->tcp_disconnect(), and re-enabled later. */ struct fastopen_queue { struct request_sock *rskq_rst_head; /* Keep track of past TFO */ struct request_sock *rskq_rst_tail; /* requests that caused RST. * This is part of the defense * against spoofing attack. */ spinlock_t lock; int qlen; /* # of pending (TCP_SYN_RECV) reqs */ int max_qlen; /* != 0 iff TFO is currently enabled */ struct tcp_fastopen_context __rcu *ctx; /* cipher context for cookie */ }; /** struct request_sock_queue - queue of request_socks * * @rskq_accept_head - FIFO head of established children * @rskq_accept_tail - FIFO tail of established children * @rskq_defer_accept - User waits for some data after accept() * */ struct request_sock_queue { spinlock_t rskq_lock; u8 rskq_defer_accept; u32 synflood_warned; atomic_t qlen; atomic_t young; struct request_sock *rskq_accept_head; struct request_sock *rskq_accept_tail; struct fastopen_queue fastopenq; /* Check max_qlen != 0 to determine * if TFO is enabled. */ }; void reqsk_queue_alloc(struct request_sock_queue *queue); void reqsk_fastopen_remove(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, bool reset); static inline bool reqsk_queue_empty(const struct request_sock_queue *queue) { return READ_ONCE(queue->rskq_accept_head) == NULL; } static inline struct request_sock *reqsk_queue_remove(struct request_sock_queue *queue, struct sock *parent) { struct request_sock *req; spin_lock_bh(&queue->rskq_lock); req = queue->rskq_accept_head; if (req) { sk_acceptq_removed(parent); WRITE_ONCE(queue->rskq_accept_head, req->dl_next); if (queue->rskq_accept_head == NULL) queue->rskq_accept_tail = NULL; } spin_unlock_bh(&queue->rskq_lock); return req; } static inline void reqsk_queue_removed(struct request_sock_queue *queue, const struct request_sock *req) { if (req->num_timeout == 0) atomic_dec(&queue->young); atomic_dec(&queue->qlen); } static inline void reqsk_queue_added(struct request_sock_queue *queue) { atomic_inc(&queue->young); atomic_inc(&queue->qlen); } static inline int reqsk_queue_len(const struct request_sock_queue *queue) { return atomic_read(&queue->qlen); } static inline int reqsk_queue_len_young(const struct request_sock_queue *queue) { return atomic_read(&queue->young); } #endif /* _REQUEST_SOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef DRIVERS_PCI_H #define DRIVERS_PCI_H #include <linux/pci.h> /* Number of possible devfns: 0.0 to 1f.7 inclusive */ #define MAX_NR_DEVFNS 256 #define PCI_FIND_CAP_TTL 48 #define PCI_VSEC_ID_INTEL_TBT 0x1234 /* Thunderbolt */ extern const unsigned char pcie_link_speed[]; extern bool pci_early_dump; bool pcie_cap_has_lnkctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); bool pcie_cap_has_rtctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); /* Functions internal to the PCI core code */ int pci_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #if !defined(CONFIG_DMI) && !defined(CONFIG_ACPI) static inline void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } #else void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #endif void pci_cleanup_rom(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pci_mmap_api { PCI_MMAP_SYSFS, /* mmap on /sys/bus/pci/devices/<BDF>/resource<N> */ PCI_MMAP_PROCFS /* mmap on /proc/bus/pci/<BDF> */ }; int pci_mmap_fits(struct pci_dev *pdev, int resno, struct vm_area_struct *vmai, enum pci_mmap_api mmap_api); int pci_probe_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bridge_secondary_bus_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bus_error_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); #define PCI_PM_D2_DELAY 200 /* usec; see PCIe r4.0, sec 5.9.1 */ #define PCI_PM_D3HOT_WAIT 10 /* msec */ #define PCI_PM_D3COLD_WAIT 100 /* msec */ /** * struct pci_platform_pm_ops - Firmware PM callbacks * * @bridge_d3: Does the bridge allow entering into D3 * * @is_manageable: returns 'true' if given device is power manageable by the * platform firmware * * @set_state: invokes the platform firmware to set the device's power state * * @get_state: queries the platform firmware for a device's current power state * * @refresh_state: asks the platform to refresh the device's power state data * * @choose_state: returns PCI power state of given device preferred by the * platform; to be used during system-wide transitions from a * sleeping state to the working state and vice versa * * @set_wakeup: enables/disables wakeup capability for the device * * @need_resume: returns 'true' if the given device (which is currently * suspended) needs to be resumed to be configured for system * wakeup. * * If given platform is generally capable of power managing PCI devices, all of * these callbacks are mandatory. */ struct pci_platform_pm_ops { bool (*bridge_d3)(struct pci_dev *dev); bool (*is_manageable)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_state)(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); pci_power_t (*get_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); void (*refresh_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); pci_power_t (*choose_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_wakeup)(struct pci_dev *dev, bool enable); bool (*need_resume)(struct pci_dev *dev); }; int pci_set_platform_pm(const struct pci_platform_pm_ops *ops); void pci_update_current_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); void pci_refresh_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_power_up(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_enabled_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_finish_runtime_suspend(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_device_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_root_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_check_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pme_wakeup_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); int __pci_pme_wakeup(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); void pci_pme_restore(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_dev_need_resume(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_adjust_pme(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_complete_resume(struct pci_dev *pci_dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_get(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_put(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pm_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_ea_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_free_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_bridge_d3_possible(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_d3_update(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_wait_for_secondary_bus(struct pci_dev *dev); static inline void pci_wakeup_event(struct pci_dev *dev) { /* Wait 100 ms before the system can be put into a sleep state. */ pm_wakeup_event(&dev->dev, 100); } static inline bool pci_has_subordinate(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { return !!(pci_dev->subordinate); } static inline bool pci_power_manageable(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { /* * Currently we allow normal PCI devices and PCI bridges transition * into D3 if their bridge_d3 is set. */ return !pci_has_subordinate(pci_dev) || pci_dev->bridge_d3; } static inline bool pcie_downstream_port(const struct pci_dev *dev) { int type = pci_pcie_type(dev); return type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_PCIE_BRIDGE; } int pci_vpd_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_vpd_release(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI Virtual Channel */ int pci_save_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_vc_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI /proc functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* Functions for PCI Hotplug drivers to use */ int pci_hp_add_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev); #ifdef HAVE_PCI_LEGACY void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } #endif /* Lock for read/write access to pci device and bus lists */ extern struct rw_semaphore pci_bus_sem; extern struct mutex pci_slot_mutex; extern raw_spinlock_t pci_lock; extern unsigned int pci_pm_d3hot_delay; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MSI void pci_no_msi(void); #else static inline void pci_no_msi(void) { } #endif static inline void pci_msi_set_enable(struct pci_dev *dev, int enable) { u16 control; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, &control); control &= ~PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; if (enable) control |= PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, control); } static inline void pci_msix_clear_and_set_ctrl(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 clear, u16 set) { u16 ctrl; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, &ctrl); ctrl &= ~clear; ctrl |= set; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, ctrl); } void pci_realloc_get_opt(char *); static inline int pci_no_d1d2(struct pci_dev *dev) { unsigned int parent_dstates = 0; if (dev->bus->self) parent_dstates = dev->bus->self->no_d1d2; return (dev->no_d1d2 || parent_dstates); } extern const struct attribute_group *pci_dev_groups[]; extern const struct attribute_group *pcibus_groups[]; extern const struct device_type pci_dev_type; extern const struct attribute_group *pci_bus_groups[]; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_io_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_pref_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_bus_size; /** * pci_match_one_device - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching * PCI device id structure * @id: single PCI device id structure to match * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against * * Returns the matching pci_device_id structure or %NULL if there is no match. */ static inline const struct pci_device_id * pci_match_one_device(const struct pci_device_id *id, const struct pci_dev *dev) { if ((id->vendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->vendor == dev->vendor) && (id->device == PCI_ANY_ID || id->device == dev->device) && (id->subvendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subvendor == dev->subsystem_vendor) && (id->subdevice == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subdevice == dev->subsystem_device) && !((id->class ^ dev->class) & id->class_mask)) return id; return NULL; } /* PCI slot sysfs helper code */ #define to_pci_slot(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot, kobj) extern struct kset *pci_slots_kset; struct pci_slot_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct pci_slot *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct pci_slot *, const char *, size_t); }; #define to_pci_slot_attr(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot_attribute, attr) enum pci_bar_type { pci_bar_unknown, /* Standard PCI BAR probe */ pci_bar_io, /* An I/O port BAR */ pci_bar_mem32, /* A 32-bit memory BAR */ pci_bar_mem64, /* A 64-bit memory BAR */ }; struct device *pci_get_host_bridge_device(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_put_host_bridge_device(struct device *dev); int pci_configure_extended_tags(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); bool pci_bus_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); bool pci_bus_generic_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_idt_bus_quirk(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_setup_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int __pci_read_base(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bar_type type, struct resource *res, unsigned int reg); void pci_configure_ari(struct pci_dev *dev); void __pci_bus_size_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head); void __pci_bus_assign_resources(const struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head, struct list_head *fail_head); bool pci_bus_clip_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int idx); void pci_reassigndev_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_bridge_window(struct pci_dev *dev); struct pci_bus *pci_bus_get(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_bus_put(struct pci_bus *bus); /* PCIe link information from Link Capabilities 2 */ #define PCIE_LNKCAP2_SLS2SPEED(lnkcap2) \ ((lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_32_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_16_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_8_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_5_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_2_5GB ? PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT : \ PCI_SPEED_UNKNOWN) /* PCIe speed to Mb/s reduced by encoding overhead */ #define PCIE_SPEED2MBS_ENC(speed) \ ((speed) == PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT ? 32000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT ? 16000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT ? 8000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT ? 5000*8/10 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT ? 2500*8/10 : \ 0) const char *pci_speed_string(enum pci_bus_speed speed); enum pci_bus_speed pcie_get_speed_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pcie_link_width pcie_get_width_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); u32 pcie_bandwidth_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bus_speed *speed, enum pcie_link_width *width); void __pcie_print_link_status(struct pci_dev *dev, bool verbose); void pcie_report_downtraining(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_update_link_speed(struct pci_bus *bus, u16 link_status); /* Single Root I/O Virtualization */ struct pci_sriov { int pos; /* Capability position */ int nres; /* Number of resources */ u32 cap; /* SR-IOV Capabilities */ u16 ctrl; /* SR-IOV Control */ u16 total_VFs; /* Total VFs associated with the PF */ u16 initial_VFs; /* Initial VFs associated with the PF */ u16 num_VFs; /* Number of VFs available */ u16 offset; /* First VF Routing ID offset */ u16 stride; /* Following VF stride */ u16 vf_device; /* VF device ID */ u32 pgsz; /* Page size for BAR alignment */ u8 link; /* Function Dependency Link */ u8 max_VF_buses; /* Max buses consumed by VFs */ u16 driver_max_VFs; /* Max num VFs driver supports */ struct pci_dev *dev; /* Lowest numbered PF */ struct pci_dev *self; /* This PF */ u32 class; /* VF device */ u8 hdr_type; /* VF header type */ u16 subsystem_vendor; /* VF subsystem vendor */ u16 subsystem_device; /* VF subsystem device */ resource_size_t barsz[PCI_SRIOV_NUM_BARS]; /* VF BAR size */ bool drivers_autoprobe; /* Auto probing of VFs by driver */ }; /** * pci_dev_set_io_state - Set the new error state if possible. * * @dev - pci device to set new error_state * @new - the state we want dev to be in * * Must be called with device_lock held. * * Returns true if state has been changed to the requested state. */ static inline bool pci_dev_set_io_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_channel_state_t new) { bool changed = false; device_lock_assert(&dev->dev); switch (new) { case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_frozen: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_normal: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_i