1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This file provides wrappers with sanitizer instrumentation for non-atomic * bit operations. * * To use this functionality, an arch's bitops.h file needs to define each of * the below bit operations with an arch_ prefix (e.g. arch_set_bit(), * arch___set_bit(), etc.). */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/instrumented.h> /** * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to clear * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike clear_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to change * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___change_bit(nr, addr); } static inline void __instrument_read_write_bitop(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCSAN_ASSUME_PLAIN_WRITES_ATOMIC)) { /* * We treat non-atomic read-write bitops a little more special. * Given the operations here only modify a single bit, assuming * non-atomicity of the writer is sufficient may be reasonable * for certain usage (and follows the permissible nature of the * assume-plain-writes-atomic rule): * 1. report read-modify-write races -> check read; * 2. do not report races with marked readers, but do report * races with unmarked readers -> check "atomic" write. */ kcsan_check_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); /* * Use generic write instrumentation, in case other sanitizers * or tools are enabled alongside KCSAN. */ instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } else { instrument_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } } /** * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to set * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_change_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_bit - Determine whether a bit is set * @nr: bit number to test * @addr: Address to start counting from */ static inline bool test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_bit(nr, addr); } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SMP_H #define _ASM_X86_SMP_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <asm/thread_info.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> extern int smp_num_siblings; extern unsigned int num_processors; DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_sibling_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_core_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_die_map); /* cpus sharing the last level cache: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_llc_shared_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, cpu_llc_id); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, cpu_number); static inline struct cpumask *cpu_llc_shared_mask(int cpu) { return per_cpu(cpu_llc_shared_map, cpu); } DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_cpu_to_apicid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u32, x86_cpu_to_acpiid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_bios_cpu_apicid); #if defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_X86_32) DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid); #endif struct task_struct; struct smp_ops { void (*smp_prepare_boot_cpu)(void); void (*smp_prepare_cpus)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*smp_cpus_done)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*stop_other_cpus)(int wait); void (*crash_stop_other_cpus)(void); void (*smp_send_reschedule)(int cpu); int (*cpu_up)(unsigned cpu, struct task_struct *tidle); int (*cpu_disable)(void); void (*cpu_die)(unsigned int cpu); void (*play_dead)(void); void (*send_call_func_ipi)(const struct cpumask *mask); void (*send_call_func_single_ipi)(int cpu); }; /* Globals due to paravirt */ extern void set_cpu_sibling_map(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct smp_ops smp_ops; static inline void smp_send_stop(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(0); } static inline void stop_other_cpus(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(1); } static inline void smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); } static inline void smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_cpus(max_cpus); } static inline void smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_cpus_done(max_cpus); } static inline int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *tidle) { return smp_ops.cpu_up(cpu, tidle); } static inline int __cpu_disable(void) { return smp_ops.cpu_disable(); } static inline void __cpu_die(unsigned int cpu) { smp_ops.cpu_die(cpu); } static inline void play_dead(void) { smp_ops.play_dead(); } static inline void smp_send_reschedule(int cpu) { smp_ops.smp_send_reschedule(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(int cpu) { smp_ops.send_call_func_single_ipi(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_ipi_mask(const struct cpumask *mask) { smp_ops.send_call_func_ipi(mask); } void cpu_disable_common(void); void native_smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void); void native_smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus); void calculate_max_logical_packages(void); void native_smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus); int common_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_disable(void); int common_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void native_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void hlt_play_dead(void); void native_play_dead(void); void play_dead_common(void); void wbinvd_on_cpu(int cpu); int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void); void cond_wakeup_cpu0(void); void native_smp_send_reschedule(int cpu); void native_send_call_func_ipi(const struct cpumask *mask); void native_send_call_func_single_ipi(int cpu); void x86_idle_thread_init(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle); void smp_store_boot_cpu_info(void); void smp_store_cpu_info(int id); asmlinkage __visible void smp_reboot_interrupt(void); __visible void smp_reschedule_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_single_interrupt(struct pt_regs *r); #define cpu_physical_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu) #define cpu_acpi_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_acpiid, cpu) /* * This function is needed by all SMP systems. It must _always_ be valid * from the initial startup. We map APIC_BASE very early in page_setup(), * so this is correct in the x86 case. */ #define raw_smp_processor_id() this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #define __smp_processor_id() __this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int safe_smp_processor_id(void); #else # define safe_smp_processor_id() smp_processor_id() #endif #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ #define wbinvd_on_cpu(cpu) wbinvd() static inline int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void) { wbinvd(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern unsigned disabled_cpus; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC extern int hard_smp_processor_id(void); #else /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #define hard_smp_processor_id() 0 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_NMI_SELFTEST extern void nmi_selftest(void); #else #define nmi_selftest() do { } while (0) #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SMP_H */
3 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Netlink message type permission tables, for user generated messages. * * Author: James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/inet_diag.h> #include <linux/xfrm.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/sock_diag.h> #include "flask.h" #include "av_permissions.h" #include "security.h" struct nlmsg_perm { u16 nlmsg_type; u32 perm; }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_route_perms[] = { { RTM_NEWLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_SETLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWADDR, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELADDR, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETADDR, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWROUTE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELROUTE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETROUTE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWNEIGH, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNEIGH, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETNEIGH, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWRULE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELRULE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETRULE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWQDISC, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELQDISC, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETQDISC, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWTCLASS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELTCLASS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETTCLASS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWTFILTER, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELTFILTER, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETTFILTER, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWACTION, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELACTION, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETACTION, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWPREFIX, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETMULTICAST, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETANYCAST, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETNEIGHTBL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_SETNEIGHTBL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWADDRLABEL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELADDRLABEL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETADDRLABEL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETDCB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_SETDCB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWNETCONF, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNETCONF, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETNETCONF, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWMDB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELMDB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETMDB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWNSID, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNSID, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETNSID, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWSTATS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETSTATS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWCACHEREPORT, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWCHAIN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELCHAIN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETCHAIN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWNEXTHOP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNEXTHOP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETNEXTHOP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWLINKPROP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELLINKPROP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWVLAN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELVLAN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETVLAN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_tcpdiag_perms[] = { { TCPDIAG_GETSOCK, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { DCCPDIAG_GETSOCK, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { SOCK_DIAG_BY_FAMILY, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { SOCK_DESTROY, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_xfrm_perms[] = { { XFRM_MSG_NEWSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_DELSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_DELPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_ALLOCSPI, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_ACQUIRE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_EXPIRE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_UPDPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_UPDSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_POLEXPIRE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_FLUSHSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_FLUSHPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWAE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETAE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_REPORT, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_MIGRATE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWSADINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_GETSADINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWSPDINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETSPDINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_MAPPING, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_audit_perms[] = { { AUDIT_GET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_SET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_LIST, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READPRIV }, { AUDIT_ADD, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_DEL, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_LIST_RULES, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READPRIV }, { AUDIT_ADD_RULE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_DEL_RULE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_USER, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_RELAY }, { AUDIT_SIGNAL_INFO, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_TRIM, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_MAKE_EQUIV, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_TTY_GET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_TTY_SET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_TTY_AUDIT }, { AUDIT_GET_FEATURE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_SET_FEATURE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, }; static int nlmsg_perm(u16 nlmsg_type, u32 *perm, const struct nlmsg_perm *tab, size_t tabsize) { int i, err = -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < tabsize/sizeof(struct nlmsg_perm); i++) if (nlmsg_type == tab[i].nlmsg_type) { *perm = tab[i].perm; err = 0; break; } return err; } int selinux_nlmsg_lookup(u16 sclass, u16 nlmsg_type, u32 *perm) { int err = 0; switch (sclass) { case SECCLASS_NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET: /* RTM_MAX always points to RTM_SETxxxx, ie RTM_NEWxxx + 3. * If the BUILD_BUG_ON() below fails you must update the * structures at the top of this file with the new mappings * before updating the BUILD_BUG_ON() macro! */ BUILD_BUG_ON(RTM_MAX != (RTM_NEWVLAN + 3)); err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_route_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_route_perms)); break; case SECCLASS_NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET: err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_tcpdiag_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_tcpdiag_perms)); break; case SECCLASS_NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET: /* If the BUILD_BUG_ON() below fails you must update the * structures at the top of this file with the new mappings * before updating the BUILD_BUG_ON() macro! */ BUILD_BUG_ON(XFRM_MSG_MAX != XFRM_MSG_MAPPING); err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_xfrm_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_xfrm_perms)); break; case SECCLASS_NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET: if ((nlmsg_type >= AUDIT_FIRST_USER_MSG && nlmsg_type <= AUDIT_LAST_USER_MSG) || (nlmsg_type >= AUDIT_FIRST_USER_MSG2 && nlmsg_type <= AUDIT_LAST_USER_MSG2)) { *perm = NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_RELAY; } else { err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_audit_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_audit_perms)); } break; /* No messaging from userspace, or class unknown/unhandled */ default: err = -ENOENT; break; } return err; }
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Netlink Messages and Attributes Interface (As Seen On TV) * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Messages Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Message Format: * <--- nlmsg_total_size(payload) ---> * <-- nlmsg_msg_size(payload) -> * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * | nlmsghdr | Pad | Payload | Pad | nlmsghdr * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * nlmsg_data(nlh)---^ ^ * nlmsg_next(nlh)-----------------------+ * * Payload Format: * <---------------------- nlmsg_len(nlh) ---------------------> * <------ hdrlen ------> <- nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) -> * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * | Family Header | Pad | Attributes | * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen)---^ * * Data Structures: * struct nlmsghdr netlink message header * * Message Construction: * nlmsg_new() create a new netlink message * nlmsg_put() add a netlink message to an skb * nlmsg_put_answer() callback based nlmsg_put() * nlmsg_end() finalize netlink message * nlmsg_get_pos() return current position in message * nlmsg_trim() trim part of message * nlmsg_cancel() cancel message construction * nlmsg_free() free a netlink message * * Message Sending: * nlmsg_multicast() multicast message to several groups * nlmsg_unicast() unicast a message to a single socket * nlmsg_notify() send notification message * * Message Length Calculations: * nlmsg_msg_size(payload) length of message w/o padding * nlmsg_total_size(payload) length of message w/ padding * nlmsg_padlen(payload) length of padding at tail * * Message Payload Access: * nlmsg_data(nlh) head of message payload * nlmsg_len(nlh) length of message payload * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen) head of attributes data * nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) length of attributes data * * Message Parsing: * nlmsg_ok(nlh, remaining) does nlh fit into remaining bytes? * nlmsg_next(nlh, remaining) get next netlink message * nlmsg_parse() parse attributes of a message * nlmsg_find_attr() find an attribute in a message * nlmsg_for_each_msg() loop over all messages * nlmsg_validate() validate netlink message incl. attrs * nlmsg_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * * Misc: * nlmsg_report() report back to application? * * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Attributes Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Attribute Format: * <------- nla_total_size(payload) -------> * <---- nla_attr_size(payload) -----> * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * | Header | Pad | Payload | Pad | Header * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * <- nla_len(nla) -> ^ * nla_data(nla)----^ | * nla_next(nla)-----------------------------' * * Data Structures: * struct nlattr netlink attribute header * * Attribute Construction: * nla_reserve(skb, type, len) reserve room for an attribute * nla_reserve_nohdr(skb, len) reserve room for an attribute w/o hdr * nla_put(skb, type, len, data) add attribute to skb * nla_put_nohdr(skb, len, data) add attribute w/o hdr * nla_append(skb, len, data) append data to skb * * Attribute Construction for Basic Types: * nla_put_u8(skb, type, value) add u8 attribute to skb * nla_put_u16(skb, type, value) add u16 attribute to skb * nla_put_u32(skb, type, value) add u32 attribute to skb * nla_put_u64_64bit(skb, type, * value, padattr) add u64 attribute to skb * nla_put_s8(skb, type, value) add s8 attribute to skb * nla_put_s16(skb, type, value) add s16 attribute to skb * nla_put_s32(skb, type, value) add s32 attribute to skb * nla_put_s64(skb, type, value, * padattr) add s64 attribute to skb * nla_put_string(skb, type, str) add string attribute to skb * nla_put_flag(skb, type) add flag attribute to skb * nla_put_msecs(skb, type, jiffies, * padattr) add msecs attribute to skb * nla_put_in_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv4 address attribute to skb * nla_put_in6_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv6 address attribute to skb * * Nested Attributes Construction: * nla_nest_start(skb, type) start a nested attribute * nla_nest_end(skb, nla) finalize a nested attribute * nla_nest_cancel(skb, nla) cancel nested attribute construction * * Attribute Length Calculations: * nla_attr_size(payload) length of attribute w/o padding * nla_total_size(payload) length of attribute w/ padding * nla_padlen(payload) length of padding * * Attribute Payload Access: * nla_data(nla) head of attribute payload * nla_len(nla) length of attribute payload * * Attribute Payload Access for Basic Types: * nla_get_u8(nla) get payload for a u8 attribute * nla_get_u16(nla) get payload for a u16 attribute * nla_get_u32(nla) get payload for a u32 attribute * nla_get_u64(nla) get payload for a u64 attribute * nla_get_s8(nla) get payload for a s8 attribute * nla_get_s16(nla) get payload for a s16 attribute * nla_get_s32(nla) get payload for a s32 attribute * nla_get_s64(nla) get payload for a s64 attribute * nla_get_flag(nla) return 1 if flag is true * nla_get_msecs(nla) get payload for a msecs attribute * * Attribute Misc: * nla_memcpy(dest, nla, count) copy attribute into memory * nla_memcmp(nla, data, size) compare attribute with memory area * nla_strlcpy(dst, nla, size) copy attribute to a sized string * nla_strcmp(nla, str) compare attribute with string * * Attribute Parsing: * nla_ok(nla, remaining) does nla fit into remaining bytes? * nla_next(nla, remaining) get next netlink attribute * nla_validate() validate a stream of attributes * nla_validate_nested() validate a stream of nested attributes * nla_find() find attribute in stream of attributes * nla_find_nested() find attribute in nested attributes * nla_parse() parse and validate stream of attrs * nla_parse_nested() parse nested attributes * nla_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * nla_for_each_nested() loop over the nested attributes *========================================================================= */ /** * Standard attribute types to specify validation policy */ enum { NLA_UNSPEC, NLA_U8, NLA_U16, NLA_U32, NLA_U64, NLA_STRING, NLA_FLAG, NLA_MSECS, NLA_NESTED, NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, NLA_NUL_STRING, NLA_BINARY, NLA_S8, NLA_S16, NLA_S32, NLA_S64, NLA_BITFIELD32, NLA_REJECT, __NLA_TYPE_MAX, }; #define NLA_TYPE_MAX (__NLA_TYPE_MAX - 1) struct netlink_range_validation { u64 min, max; }; struct netlink_range_validation_signed { s64 min, max; }; enum nla_policy_validation { NLA_VALIDATE_NONE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, }; /** * struct nla_policy - attribute validation policy * @type: Type of attribute or NLA_UNSPEC * @validation_type: type of attribute validation done in addition to * type-specific validation (e.g. range, function call), see * &enum nla_policy_validation * @len: Type specific length of payload * * Policies are defined as arrays of this struct, the array must be * accessible by attribute type up to the highest identifier to be expected. * * Meaning of `len' field: * NLA_STRING Maximum length of string * NLA_NUL_STRING Maximum length of string (excluding NUL) * NLA_FLAG Unused * NLA_BINARY Maximum length of attribute payload * (but see also below with the validation type) * NLA_NESTED, * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY Length verification is done by checking len of * nested header (or empty); len field is used if * nested_policy is also used, for the max attr * number in the nested policy. * NLA_U8, NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, NLA_S64, * NLA_MSECS Leaving the length field zero will verify the * given type fits, using it verifies minimum length * just like "All other" * NLA_BITFIELD32 Unused * NLA_REJECT Unused * All other Minimum length of attribute payload * * Meaning of validation union: * NLA_BITFIELD32 This is a 32-bit bitmap/bitselector attribute and * `bitfield32_valid' is the u32 value of valid flags * NLA_REJECT This attribute is always rejected and `reject_message' * may point to a string to report as the error instead * of the generic one in extended ACK. * NLA_NESTED `nested_policy' to a nested policy to validate, must * also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use the * provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED() macro. * Note that nla_parse() will validate, but of course not * parse, the nested sub-policies. * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY `nested_policy' points to a nested policy to validate, * must also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use * the provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY() macro. * The difference to NLA_NESTED is the structure: * NLA_NESTED has the nested attributes directly inside * while an array has the nested attributes at another * level down and the attribute types directly in the * nesting don't matter. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 The `min' and `max' fields are used depending on the * validation_type field, if that is min/max/range then * the min, max or both are used (respectively) to check * the value of the integer attribute. * Note that in the interest of code simplicity and * struct size both limits are s16, so you cannot * enforce a range that doesn't fall within the range * of s16 - do that as usual in the code instead. * Use the NLA_POLICY_MIN(), NLA_POLICY_MAX() and * NLA_POLICY_RANGE() macros. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range' must be a pointer * to a struct netlink_range_validation that indicates * the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(). * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range_signed' must be a * pointer to a struct netlink_range_validation_signed * that indicates the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(). * * NLA_BINARY If the validation type is like the ones for integers * above, then the min/max length (not value like for * integers) of the attribute is enforced. * * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Meaning of `validate' field, use via NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN: * NLA_BINARY Validation function called for the attribute. * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Example: * * static const u32 myvalidflags = 0xff231023; * * static const struct nla_policy my_policy[ATTR_MAX+1] = { * [ATTR_FOO] = { .type = NLA_U16 }, * [ATTR_BAR] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = BARSIZ }, * [ATTR_BAZ] = NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(sizeof(struct mystruct)), * [ATTR_GOO] = NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(myvalidflags), * }; */ struct nla_policy { u8 type; u8 validation_type; u16 len; union { const u32 bitfield32_valid; const u32 mask; const char *reject_message; const struct nla_policy *nested_policy; struct netlink_range_validation *range; struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range_signed; struct { s16 min, max; }; int (*validate)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* This entry is special, and used for the attribute at index 0 * only, and specifies special data about the policy, namely it * specifies the "boundary type" where strict length validation * starts for any attribute types >= this value, also, strict * nesting validation starts here. * * Additionally, it means that NLA_UNSPEC is actually NLA_REJECT * for any types >= this, so need to use NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN() to * get the previous pure { .len = xyz } behaviour. The advantage * of this is that types not specified in the policy will be * rejected. * * For completely new families it should be set to 1 so that the * validation is enforced for all attributes. For existing ones * it should be set at least when new attributes are added to * the enum used by the policy, and be set to the new value that * was added to enforce strict validation from thereon. */ u16 strict_start_type; }; }; #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(ETH_ALEN) #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR_COMPAT NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(ETH_ALEN) #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(valid) \ { .type = NLA_BITFIELD32, .bitfield32_valid = valid } #define __NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_U8 || tp == NLA_U16 || tp == NLA_U32 || tp == NLA_U64) #define __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_S8 || tp == NLA_S16 || tp == NLA_S32 || tp == NLA_S64) #define __NLA_ENSURE(condition) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!(condition)) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(tp != NLA_BITFIELD32 && \ tp != NLA_REJECT && \ tp != NLA_NESTED && \ tp != NLA_NESTED_ARRAY) + tp) #define NLA_POLICY_RANGE(tp, _min, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, \ .min = _min, \ .max = _max \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range_signed = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN(tp, _min) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, \ .min = _min, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MAX(tp, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, \ .max = _max, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MASK(tp, _mask) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, \ .mask = _mask, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN(tp, fn, ...) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, \ .validate = fn, \ .len = __VA_ARGS__ + 0, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_RANGE(NLA_BINARY, _len, _len) #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(_len) { \ .type = NLA_BINARY, \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, \ .min = _len, \ .max = _len \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_MIN(NLA_BINARY, _len) /** * struct nl_info - netlink source information * @nlh: Netlink message header of original request * @nl_net: Network namespace * @portid: Netlink PORTID of requesting application * @skip_notify: Skip netlink notifications to user space * @skip_notify_kernel: Skip selected in-kernel notifications */ struct nl_info { struct nlmsghdr *nlh; struct net *nl_net; u32 portid; u8 skip_notify:1, skip_notify_kernel:1; }; /** * enum netlink_validation - netlink message/attribute validation levels * @NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL: Old-style "be liberal" validation, not caring about * extra data at the end of the message, attributes being longer than * they should be, or unknown attributes being present. * @NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING: Reject junk data encountered after attribute parsing. * @NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE: Reject attributes > max type; Together with _TRAILING * this is equivalent to the old nla_parse_strict()/nlmsg_parse_strict(). * @NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC: Reject attributes with NLA_UNSPEC in the policy. * This can safely be set by the kernel when the given policy has no * NLA_UNSPEC anymore, and can thus be used to ensure policy entries * are enforced going forward. * @NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS: strict attribute policy parsing (e.g. * U8, U16, U32 must have exact size, etc.) * @NL_VALIDATE_NESTED: Check that NLA_F_NESTED is set for NLA_NESTED(_ARRAY) * and unset for other policies. */ enum netlink_validation { NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL = 0, NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING = BIT(0), NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE = BIT(1), NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC = BIT(2), NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS = BIT(3), NL_VALIDATE_NESTED = BIT(4), }; #define NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE) #define NL_VALIDATE_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE |\ NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC |\ NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS |\ NL_VALIDATE_NESTED) int netlink_rcv_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*cb)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *)); int nlmsg_notify(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, int report, gfp_t flags); int __nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int __nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int nla_policy_len(const struct nla_policy *, int); struct nlattr *nla_find(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int attrtype); size_t nla_strlcpy(char *dst, const struct nlattr *nla, size_t dstsize); char *nla_strdup(const struct nlattr *nla, gfp_t flags); int nla_memcpy(void *dest, const struct nlattr *src, int count); int nla_memcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const void *data, size_t size); int nla_strcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const char *str); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *__nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); void __nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); void __nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); void __nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); int nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_append(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); /************************************************************************** * Netlink Messages **************************************************************************/ /** * nlmsg_msg_size - length of netlink message not including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_msg_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nlmsg_total_size - length of netlink message including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_total_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_ALIGN(nlmsg_msg_size(payload)); } /** * nlmsg_padlen - length of padding at the message's tail * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_padlen(int payload) { return nlmsg_total_size(payload) - nlmsg_msg_size(payload); } /** * nlmsg_data - head of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline void *nlmsg_data(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return (unsigned char *) nlh + NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_len - length of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline int nlmsg_len(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return nlh->nlmsg_len - NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_attrdata - head of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_attrdata(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { unsigned char *data = nlmsg_data(nlh); return (struct nlattr *) (data + NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen)); } /** * nlmsg_attrlen - length of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline int nlmsg_attrlen(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { return nlmsg_len(nlh) - NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen); } /** * nlmsg_ok - check if the netlink message fits into the remaining bytes * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream */ static inline int nlmsg_ok(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int remaining) { return (remaining >= (int) sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len >= sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len <= remaining); } /** * nlmsg_next - next netlink message in message stream * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream * * Returns the next netlink message in the message stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current message. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr * nlmsg_next(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLMSG_ALIGN(nlh->nlmsg_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlmsghdr *) ((unsigned char *) nlh + totlen); } /** * nla_parse - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected, policy must be specified, attributes * will be validated in the strictest way possible. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be ignored and attributes from the policy are not * always strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated_strict - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected as well as trailing data, but the * policy is not completely strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated_strict(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * __nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int __nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "Invalid header length"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), policy, validate, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated_strict() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_find_attr - find a specific attribute in a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_find_attr(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), attrtype); } /** * nla_validate_deprecated - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in liberal mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate_deprecated(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_validate - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in strict mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_validate_deprecated - validate a netlink message including attributes * @nlh: netlinket message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ static inline int nlmsg_validate_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) return -EINVAL; return __nla_validate(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_report - need to report back to application? * @nlh: netlink message header * * Returns 1 if a report back to the application is requested. */ static inline int nlmsg_report(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return !!(nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ECHO); } /** * nlmsg_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_attr(pos, nlh, hdrlen, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), \ nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), rem) /** * nlmsg_put - Add a new netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @portid: netlink PORTID of requesting application * @seq: sequence number of message * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int payload, int flags) { if (unlikely(skb_tailroom(skb) < nlmsg_total_size(payload))) return NULL; return __nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_put_answer - Add a new callback based netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @cb: netlink callback * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put_answer(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int type, int payload, int flags) { return nlmsg_put(skb, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid, cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_new - Allocate a new netlink message * @payload: size of the message payload * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * Use NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE if the size of the payload isn't known * and a good default is needed. */ static inline struct sk_buff *nlmsg_new(size_t payload, gfp_t flags) { return alloc_skb(nlmsg_total_size(payload), flags); } /** * nlmsg_end - Finalize a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Corrects the netlink message header to include the appeneded * attributes. Only necessary if attributes have been added to * the message. */ static inline void nlmsg_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlh->nlmsg_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)nlh; } /** * nlmsg_get_pos - return current position in netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Returns a pointer to the current tail of the message. */ static inline void *nlmsg_get_pos(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_tail_pointer(skb); } /** * nlmsg_trim - Trim message to a mark * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @mark: mark to trim to * * Trims the message to the provided mark. */ static inline void nlmsg_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *mark) { if (mark) { WARN_ON((unsigned char *) mark < skb->data); skb_trim(skb, (unsigned char *) mark - skb->data); } } /** * nlmsg_cancel - Cancel construction of a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Removes the complete netlink message including all * attributes from the socket buffer again. */ static inline void nlmsg_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlmsg_trim(skb, nlh); } /** * nlmsg_free - free a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer of netlink message */ static inline void nlmsg_free(struct sk_buff *skb) { kfree_skb(skb); } /** * nlmsg_multicast - multicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread messages to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: multicast group id * @flags: allocation flags */ static inline int nlmsg_multicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags) { int err; NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = group; err = netlink_broadcast(sk, skb, portid, group, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_unicast - unicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread message to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: netlink portid of the destination socket */ static inline int nlmsg_unicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid) { int err; err = netlink_unicast(sk, skb, portid, MSG_DONTWAIT); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_for_each_msg - iterate over a stream of messages * @pos: loop counter, set to current message * @head: head of message stream * @len: length of message stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_msg(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nlmsg_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nlmsg_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nl_dump_check_consistent - check if sequence is consistent and advertise if not * @cb: netlink callback structure that stores the sequence number * @nlh: netlink message header to write the flag to * * This function checks if the sequence (generation) number changed during dump * and if it did, advertises it in the netlink message header. * * The correct way to use it is to set cb->seq to the generation counter when * all locks for dumping have been acquired, and then call this function for * each message that is generated. * * Note that due to initialisation concerns, 0 is an invalid sequence number * and must not be used by code that uses this functionality. */ static inline void nl_dump_check_consistent(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (cb->prev_seq && cb->seq != cb->prev_seq) nlh->nlmsg_flags |= NLM_F_DUMP_INTR; cb->prev_seq = cb->seq; } /************************************************************************** * Netlink Attributes **************************************************************************/ /** * nla_attr_size - length of attribute not including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_attr_size(int payload) { return NLA_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nla_total_size - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)); } /** * nla_padlen - length of padding at the tail of attribute * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_padlen(int payload) { return nla_total_size(payload) - nla_attr_size(payload); } /** * nla_type - attribute type * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_type(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_type & NLA_TYPE_MASK; } /** * nla_data - head of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline void *nla_data(const struct nlattr *nla) { return (char *) nla + NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_len - length of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_len(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_len - NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_ok - check if the netlink attribute fits into the remaining bytes * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream */ static inline int nla_ok(const struct nlattr *nla, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int) sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len >= sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len <= remaining; } /** * nla_next - next netlink attribute in attribute stream * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream * * Returns the next netlink attribute in the attribute stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current attribute. */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_next(const struct nlattr *nla, int *remaining) { unsigned int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) nla + totlen); } /** * nla_find_nested - find attribute in a set of nested attributes * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr * nla_find_nested(const struct nlattr *nla, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), attrtype); } /** * nla_parse_nested - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (!(nla->nla_type & NLA_F_NESTED)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, nla, "NLA_F_NESTED is missing"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_nested_deprecated - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested_deprecated(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_put_u8 - Add a u8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u8 value) { /* temporary variables to work around GCC PR81715 with asan-stack=1 */ u8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u16 - Add a u16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u16 value) { u16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be16 - Add a __be16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net16 - Add 16-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put_be16(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le16 - Add a __le16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le16 value) { __le16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u32 - Add a u32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u32 value) { u32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be32 - Add a __be32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net32 - Add 32-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le32 - Add a __le32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le32 value) { __le32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u64_64bit - Add a u64 netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_u64_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u64 value, int padattr) { u64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_be64 - Add a __be64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_be64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_net64 - Add 64-bit network byte order nlattr to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_net64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_be64(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_le64 - Add a __le64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_le64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le64 value, int padattr) { __le64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_s8 - Add a s8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s8 value) { s8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s16 - Add a s16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s16 value) { s16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s32 - Add a s32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s32 value) { s32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s64 - Add a s64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_s64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s64 value, int padattr) { s64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_string - Add a string netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @str: NUL terminated string */ static inline int nla_put_string(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const char *str) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, strlen(str) + 1, str); } /** * nla_put_flag - Add a flag netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type */ static inline int nla_put_flag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL); } /** * nla_put_msecs - Add a msecs netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @njiffies: number of jiffies to convert to msecs * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_msecs(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, unsigned long njiffies, int padattr) { u64 tmp = jiffies_to_msecs(njiffies); return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_in_addr - Add an IPv4 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv4 address */ static inline int nla_put_in_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 addr) { __be32 tmp = addr; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype, tmp); } /** * nla_put_in6_addr - Add an IPv6 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv6 address */ static inline int nla_put_in6_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const struct in6_addr *addr) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(*addr), addr); } /** * nla_put_bitfield32 - Add a bitfield32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: value carrying bits * @selector: selector of valid bits */ static inline int nla_put_bitfield32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __u32 value, __u32 selector) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp = { value, selector, }; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(tmp), &tmp); } /** * nla_get_u32 - return payload of u32 attribute * @nla: u32 netlink attribute */ static inline u32 nla_get_u32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be32 - return payload of __be32 attribute * @nla: __be32 netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_be32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le32 - return payload of __le32 attribute * @nla: __le32 netlink attribute */ static inline __le32 nla_get_le32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u16 - return payload of u16 attribute * @nla: u16 netlink attribute */ static inline u16 nla_get_u16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be16 - return payload of __be16 attribute * @nla: __be16 netlink attribute */ static inline __be16 nla_get_be16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le16 - return payload of __le16 attribute * @nla: __le16 netlink attribute */ static inline __le16 nla_get_le16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u8 - return payload of u8 attribute * @nla: u8 netlink attribute */ static inline u8 nla_get_u8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u64 - return payload of u64 attribute * @nla: u64 netlink attribute */ static inline u64 nla_get_u64(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_be64 - return payload of __be64 attribute * @nla: __be64 netlink attribute */ static inline __be64 nla_get_be64(const struct nlattr *nla) { __be64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_le64 - return payload of __le64 attribute * @nla: __le64 netlink attribute */ static inline __le64 nla_get_le64(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le64 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s32 - return payload of s32 attribute * @nla: s32 netlink attribute */ static inline s32 nla_get_s32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s16 - return payload of s16 attribute * @nla: s16 netlink attribute */ static inline s16 nla_get_s16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s8 - return payload of s8 attribute * @nla: s8 netlink attribute */ static inline s8 nla_get_s8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s64 - return payload of s64 attribute * @nla: s64 netlink attribute */ static inline s64 nla_get_s64(const struct nlattr *nla) { s64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_flag - return payload of flag attribute * @nla: flag netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_get_flag(const struct nlattr *nla) { return !!nla; } /** * nla_get_msecs - return payload of msecs attribute * @nla: msecs netlink attribute * * Returns the number of milliseconds in jiffies. */ static inline unsigned long nla_get_msecs(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 msecs = nla_get_u64(nla); return msecs_to_jiffies((unsigned long) msecs); } /** * nla_get_in_addr - return payload of IPv4 address attribute * @nla: IPv4 address netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_in_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_in6_addr - return payload of IPv6 address attribute * @nla: IPv6 address netlink attribute */ static inline struct in6_addr nla_get_in6_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct in6_addr tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_bitfield32 - return payload of 32 bitfield attribute * @nla: nla_bitfield32 attribute */ static inline struct nla_bitfield32 nla_get_bitfield32(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_memdup - duplicate attribute memory (kmemdup) * @src: netlink attribute to duplicate from * @gfp: GFP mask */ static inline void *nla_memdup(const struct nlattr *src, gfp_t gfp) { return kmemdup(nla_data(src), nla_len(src), gfp); } /** * nla_nest_start_noflag - Start a new level of nested attributes * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * This function exists for backward compatibility to use in APIs which never * marked their nest attributes with NLA_F_NESTED flag. New APIs should use * nla_nest_start() which sets the flag. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start_noflag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { struct nlattr *start = (struct nlattr *)skb_tail_pointer(skb); if (nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL) < 0) return NULL; return start; } /** * nla_nest_start - Start a new level of nested attributes, with NLA_F_NESTED * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * Unlike nla_nest_start_noflag(), mark the nest attribute with NLA_F_NESTED * flag. This is the preferred function to use in new code. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_nest_start_noflag(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NESTED); } /** * nla_nest_end - Finalize nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the attributes are stored in * @start: container attribute * * Corrects the container attribute header to include the all * appeneded attributes. * * Returns the total data length of the skb. */ static inline int nla_nest_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { start->nla_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)start; return skb->len; } /** * nla_nest_cancel - Cancel nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @start: container attribute * * Removes the container attribute and including all nested * attributes. Returns -EMSGSIZE */ static inline void nla_nest_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { nlmsg_trim(skb, start); } /** * __nla_validate_nested - Validate a stream of nested attributes * @start: container attribute * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the nested attribute stream against the * specified policy. Attributes with a type exceeding maxtype will be * ignored. See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int __nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(nla_data(start), nla_len(start), maxtype, policy, validate, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested_deprecated(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_need_padding_for_64bit - test 64-bit alignment of the next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Return true if padding is needed to align the next attribute (nla_data()) to * a 64-bit aligned area. */ static inline bool nla_need_padding_for_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS /* The nlattr header is 4 bytes in size, that's why we test * if the skb->data _is_ aligned. A NOP attribute, plus * nlattr header for next attribute, will make nla_data() * 8-byte aligned. */ if (IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)skb_tail_pointer(skb), 8)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * nla_align_64bit - 64-bit align the nla_data() of next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @padattr: attribute type for the padding * * Conditionally emit a padding netlink attribute in order to make * the next attribute we emit have a 64-bit aligned nla_data() area. * This will only be done in architectures which do not have * CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS defined. * * Returns zero on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_align_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int padattr) { if (nla_need_padding_for_64bit(skb) && !nla_reserve(skb, padattr, 0)) return -EMSGSIZE; return 0; } /** * nla_total_size_64bit - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size_64bit(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS + NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(0)) #endif ; } /** * nla_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_attr(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nla_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nla_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nla_for_each_nested - iterate over nested attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_nested(pos, nla, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), rem) /** * nla_is_last - Test if attribute is last in stream * @nla: attribute to test * @rem: bytes remaining in stream */ static inline bool nla_is_last(const struct nlattr *nla, int rem) { return nla->nla_len == rem; } void nla_get_range_unsigned(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation *range); void nla_get_range_signed(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range); struct netlink_policy_dump_state; int netlink_policy_dump_add_policy(struct netlink_policy_dump_state **pstate, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); int netlink_policy_dump_get_policy_idx(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); bool netlink_policy_dump_loop(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_write(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_attr_size_estimate(const struct nla_policy *pt); int netlink_policy_dump_write_attr(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nla_policy *pt, int nestattr); void netlink_policy_dump_free(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Universal TUN/TAP device driver. * Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Maxim Krasnyansky <max_mk@yahoo.com> */ #ifndef __IF_TUN_H #define __IF_TUN_H #include <uapi/linux/if_tun.h> #include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h> #define TUN_XDP_FLAG 0x1UL #define TUN_MSG_UBUF 1 #define TUN_MSG_PTR 2 struct tun_msg_ctl { unsigned short type; unsigned short num; void *ptr; }; struct tun_xdp_hdr { int buflen; struct virtio_net_hdr gso; }; #if defined(CONFIG_TUN) || defined(CONFIG_TUN_MODULE) struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *); struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *file); static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return (unsigned long)ptr & TUN_XDP_FLAG; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return (void *)((unsigned long)xdp | TUN_XDP_FLAG); } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~TUN_XDP_FLAG); } void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr); #else #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> struct file; struct socket; static inline struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return false; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return NULL; } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return NULL; } static inline void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TUN */ #endif /* __IF_TUN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP protocol. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 04/28/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_UDP_H #define _LINUX_UDP_H #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <uapi/linux/udp.h> static inline struct udphdr *udp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline struct udphdr *inner_udp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udphdr *)skb_inner_transport_header(skb); } #define UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 128 : 256) static inline u32 udp_hashfn(const struct net *net, u32 num, u32 mask) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & mask; } struct udp_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member */ struct inet_sock inet; #define udp_port_hash inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_u16hashes[0] #define udp_portaddr_hash inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_u16hashes[1] #define udp_portaddr_node inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_portaddr_node int pending; /* Any pending frames ? */ unsigned int corkflag; /* Cork is required */ __u8 encap_type; /* Is this an Encapsulation socket? */ unsigned char no_check6_tx:1,/* Send zero UDP6 checksums on TX? */ no_check6_rx:1,/* Allow zero UDP6 checksums on RX? */ encap_enabled:1, /* This socket enabled encap * processing; UDP tunnels and * different encapsulation layer set * this */ gro_enabled:1, /* Request GRO aggregation */ accept_udp_l4:1, accept_udp_fraglist:1; /* * Following member retains the information to create a UDP header * when the socket is uncorked. */ __u16 len; /* total length of pending frames */ __u16 gso_size; /* * Fields specific to UDP-Lite. */ __u16 pcslen; __u16 pcrlen; /* indicator bits used by pcflag: */ #define UDPLITE_BIT 0x1 /* set by udplite proto init function */ #define UDPLITE_SEND_CC 0x2 /* set via udplite setsockopt */ #define UDPLITE_RECV_CC 0x4 /* set via udplite setsocktopt */ __u8 pcflag; /* marks socket as UDP-Lite if > 0 */ __u8 unused[3]; /* * For encapsulation sockets. */ int (*encap_rcv)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*encap_err_lookup)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*encap_destroy)(struct sock *sk); /* GRO functions for UDP socket */ struct sk_buff * (*gro_receive)(struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*gro_complete)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); /* udp_recvmsg try to use this before splicing sk_receive_queue */ struct sk_buff_head reader_queue ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* This field is dirtied by udp_recvmsg() */ int forward_deficit; }; #define UDP_MAX_SEGMENTS (1 << 6UL) static inline struct udp_sock *udp_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct udp_sock *)sk; } static inline void udp_set_no_check6_tx(struct sock *sk, bool val) { udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_tx = val; } static inline void udp_set_no_check6_rx(struct sock *sk, bool val) { udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_rx = val; } static inline bool udp_get_no_check6_tx(struct sock *sk) { return udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_tx; } static inline bool udp_get_no_check6_rx(struct sock *sk) { return udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_rx; } static inline void udp_cmsg_recv(struct msghdr *msg, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { int gso_size; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP_L4) { gso_size = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_UDP, UDP_GRO, sizeof(gso_size), &gso_size); } } static inline bool udp_unexpected_gso(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb_is_gso(skb)) return false; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 && !udp_sk(sk)->accept_udp_l4) return true; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST && !udp_sk(sk)->accept_udp_fraglist) return true; return false; } #define udp_portaddr_for_each_entry(__sk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry(__sk, list, __sk_common.skc_portaddr_node) #define udp_portaddr_for_each_entry_rcu(__sk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__sk, list, __sk_common.skc_portaddr_node) #define IS_UDPLITE(__sk) (__sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_UDPLITE) #endif /* _LINUX_UDP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Red Black Trees (C) 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> linux/include/linux/rbtree.h To use rbtrees you'll have to implement your own insert and search cores. This will avoid us to use callbacks and to drop drammatically performances. I know it's not the cleaner way, but in C (not in C++) to get performances and genericity... See Documentation/core-api/rbtree.rst for documentation and samples. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RBTREE_H #define _LINUX_RBTREE_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> struct rb_node { unsigned long __rb_parent_color; struct rb_node *rb_right; struct rb_node *rb_left; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))); /* The alignment might seem pointless, but allegedly CRIS needs it */ struct rb_root { struct rb_node *rb_node; }; #define rb_parent(r) ((struct rb_node *)((r)->__rb_parent_color & ~3)) #define RB_ROOT (struct rb_root) { NULL, } #define rb_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr, type, member) #define RB_EMPTY_ROOT(root) (READ_ONCE((root)->rb_node) == NULL) /* 'empty' nodes are nodes that are known not to be inserted in an rbtree */ #define RB_EMPTY_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color == (unsigned long)(node)) #define RB_CLEAR_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)(node)) extern void rb_insert_color(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); extern void rb_erase(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); /* Find logical next and previous nodes in a tree */ extern struct rb_node *rb_next(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_prev(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_first(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_last(const struct rb_root *); /* Postorder iteration - always visit the parent after its children */ extern struct rb_node *rb_first_postorder(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_next_postorder(const struct rb_node *); /* Fast replacement of a single node without remove/rebalance/add/rebalance */ extern void rb_replace_node(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); extern void rb_replace_node_rcu(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); static inline void rb_link_node(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; *rb_link = node; } static inline void rb_link_node_rcu(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*rb_link, node); } #define rb_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? rb_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe - iterate in post-order over rb_root of * given type allowing the backing memory of @pos to be invalidated * * @pos: the 'type *' to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another 'type *' to use as temporary storage * @root: 'rb_root *' of the rbtree. * @field: the name of the rb_node field within 'type'. * * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe() provides a similar guarantee as * list_for_each_entry_safe() and allows the iteration to continue independent * of changes to @pos by the body of the loop. * * Note, however, that it cannot handle other modifications that re-order the * rbtree it is iterating over. This includes calling rb_erase() on @pos, as * rb_erase() may rebalance the tree, causing us to miss some nodes. */ #define rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, root, field) \ for (pos = rb_entry_safe(rb_first_postorder(root), typeof(*pos), field); \ pos && ({ n = rb_entry_safe(rb_next_postorder(&pos->field), \ typeof(*pos), field); 1; }); \ pos = n) /* * Leftmost-cached rbtrees. * * We do not cache the rightmost node based on footprint * size vs number of potential users that could benefit * from O(1) rb_last(). Just not worth it, users that want * this feature can always implement the logic explicitly. * Furthermore, users that want to cache both pointers may * find it a bit asymmetric, but that's ok. */ struct rb_root_cached { struct rb_root rb_root; struct rb_node *rb_leftmost; }; #define RB_ROOT_CACHED (struct rb_root_cached) { {NULL, }, NULL } /* Same as rb_first(), but O(1) */ #define rb_first_cached(root) (root)->rb_leftmost static inline void rb_insert_color_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root, bool leftmost) { if (leftmost) root->rb_leftmost = node; rb_insert_color(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_erase_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == node) root->rb_leftmost = rb_next(node); rb_erase(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_replace_node_cached(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == victim) root->rb_leftmost = new; rb_replace_node(victim, new, &root->rb_root); } #endif /* _LINUX_RBTREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Portions of this file * Copyright (C) 2018 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #include "core.h" int nl80211_init(void); void nl80211_exit(void); void *nl80211hdr_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int flags, u8 cmd); bool nl80211_put_sta_rate(struct sk_buff *msg, struct rate_info *info, int attr); static inline u64 wdev_id(struct wireless_dev *wdev) { return (u64)wdev->identifier | ((u64)wiphy_to_rdev(wdev->wiphy)->wiphy_idx << 32); } int nl80211_prepare_wdev_dump(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct cfg80211_registered_device **rdev, struct wireless_dev **wdev); int nl80211_parse_chandef(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct genl_info *info, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int nl80211_parse_random_mac(struct nlattr **attrs, u8 *mac_addr, u8 *mac_addr_mask); void nl80211_notify_wiphy(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_notify_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_send_scan_start(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); struct sk_buff *nl80211_build_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, bool aborted); void nl80211_send_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct sk_buff *msg); void nl80211_send_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, u32 cmd); void nl80211_common_reg_change_event(enum nl80211_commands cmd_id, struct regulatory_request *request); static inline void nl80211_send_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_REG_CHANGE, request); } static inline void nl80211_send_wiphy_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_WIPHY_REG_CHANGE, request); } void nl80211_send_rx_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_rx_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp, int uapsd_queues, const u8 *req_ies, size_t req_ies_len); void nl80211_send_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_auth_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_assoc_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_connect_result(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_roamed(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_port_authorized(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid); void nl80211_send_disconnected(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, u16 reason, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, bool from_ap); void nl80211_michael_mic_failure(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, enum nl80211_key_type key_type, int key_id, const u8 *tsc, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_beacon_hint_event(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_before, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_after); void nl80211_send_ibss_bssid(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid, gfp_t gfp); int nl80211_send_mgmt(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid, int freq, int sig_dbm, const u8 *buf, size_t len, u32 flags, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_radar_notify(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_radar_event event, struct net_device *netdev, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_ap_stopped(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_rdev_free_coalesce(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* peer measurement */ int nl80211_pmsr_start(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int nl80211_pmsr_dump_results(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); #endif /* __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* internal.h: mm/ internal definitions * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef __MM_INTERNAL_H #define __MM_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> /* * The set of flags that only affect watermark checking and reclaim * behaviour. This is used by the MM to obey the caller constraints * about IO, FS and watermark checking while ignoring placement * hints such as HIGHMEM usage. */ #define GFP_RECLAIM_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS|\ __GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL|__GFP_NOFAIL|\ __GFP_NORETRY|__GFP_MEMALLOC|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|\ __GFP_ATOMIC) /* The GFP flags allowed during early boot */ #define GFP_BOOT_MASK (__GFP_BITS_MASK & ~(__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS)) /* Control allocation cpuset and node placement constraints */ #define GFP_CONSTRAINT_MASK (__GFP_HARDWALL|__GFP_THISNODE) /* Do not use these with a slab allocator */ #define GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK (__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_HIGHMEM|~__GFP_BITS_MASK) void page_writeback_init(void); vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); static inline bool can_madv_lru_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !(vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED|VM_HUGETLB|VM_PFNMAP)); } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details); void do_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_size); void force_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, unsigned long nr); static inline void force_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *file, pgoff_t index, unsigned long nr_to_read) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); force_page_cache_ra(&ractl, &file->f_ra, nr_to_read); } struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); /** * page_evictable - test whether a page is evictable * @page: the page to test * * Test whether page is evictable--i.e., should be placed on active/inactive * lists vs unevictable list. * * Reasons page might not be evictable: * (1) page's mapping marked unevictable * (2) page is part of an mlocked VMA * */ static inline bool page_evictable(struct page *page) { bool ret; /* Prevent address_space of inode and swap cache from being freed */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = !mapping_unevictable(page_mapping(page)) && !PageMlocked(page); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Turn a non-refcounted page (->_refcount == 0) into refcounted with * a count of one. */ static inline void set_page_refcounted(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page), page); set_page_count(page, 1); } extern unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn; /* * Maximum number of reclaim retries without progress before the OOM * killer is consider the only way forward. */ #define MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES 16 /* * in mm/vmscan.c: */ extern int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page); extern void putback_lru_page(struct page *page); /* * in mm/rmap.c: */ extern pmd_t *mm_find_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address); /* * in mm/page_alloc.c */ /* * Structure for holding the mostly immutable allocation parameters passed * between functions involved in allocations, including the alloc_pages* * family of functions. * * nodemask, migratetype and highest_zoneidx are initialized only once in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() and then never change. * * zonelist, preferred_zone and highest_zoneidx are set first in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() for the fast path, and might be later changed * in __alloc_pages_slowpath(). All other functions pass the whole structure * by a const pointer. */ struct alloc_context { struct zonelist *zonelist; nodemask_t *nodemask; struct zoneref *preferred_zoneref; int migratetype; /* * highest_zoneidx represents highest usable zone index of * the allocation request. Due to the nature of the zone, * memory on lower zone than the highest_zoneidx will be * protected by lowmem_reserve[highest_zoneidx]. * * highest_zoneidx is also used by reclaim/compaction to limit * the target zone since higher zone than this index cannot be * usable for this allocation request. */ enum zone_type highest_zoneidx; bool spread_dirty_pages; }; /* * Locate the struct page for both the matching buddy in our * pair (buddy1) and the combined O(n+1) page they form (page). * * 1) Any buddy B1 will have an order O twin B2 which satisfies * the following equation: * B2 = B1 ^ (1 << O) * For example, if the starting buddy (buddy2) is #8 its order * 1 buddy is #10: * B2 = 8 ^ (1 << 1) = 8 ^ 2 = 10 * * 2) Any buddy B will have an order O+1 parent P which * satisfies the following equation: * P = B & ~(1 << O) * * Assumption: *_mem_map is contiguous at least up to MAX_ORDER */ static inline unsigned long __find_buddy_pfn(unsigned long page_pfn, unsigned int order) { return page_pfn ^ (1 << order); } extern struct page *__pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone); static inline struct page *pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone) { if (zone->contiguous) return pfn_to_page(start_pfn); return __pageblock_pfn_to_page(start_pfn, end_pfn, zone); } extern int __isolate_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void __putback_isolated_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int mt); extern void memblock_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn, unsigned int order); extern void __free_pages_core(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void post_alloc_hook(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags); extern int user_min_free_kbytes; extern void zone_pcp_update(struct zone *zone); extern void zone_pcp_reset(struct zone *zone); #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* * in mm/compaction.c */ /* * compact_control is used to track pages being migrated and the free pages * they are being migrated to during memory compaction. The free_pfn starts * at the end of a zone and migrate_pfn begins at the start. Movable pages * are moved to the end of a zone during a compaction run and the run * completes when free_pfn <= migrate_pfn */ struct compact_control { struct list_head freepages; /* List of free pages to migrate to */ struct list_head migratepages; /* List of pages being migrated */ unsigned int nr_freepages; /* Number of isolated free pages */ unsigned int nr_migratepages; /* Number of pages to migrate */ unsigned long free_pfn; /* isolate_freepages search base */ unsigned long migrate_pfn; /* isolate_migratepages search base */ unsigned long fast_start_pfn; /* a pfn to start linear scan from */ struct zone *zone; unsigned long total_migrate_scanned; unsigned long total_free_scanned; unsigned short fast_search_fail;/* failures to use free list searches */ short search_order; /* order to start a fast search at */ const gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask of a direct compactor */ int order; /* order a direct compactor needs */ int migratetype; /* migratetype of direct compactor */ const unsigned int alloc_flags; /* alloc flags of a direct compactor */ const int highest_zoneidx; /* zone index of a direct compactor */ enum migrate_mode mode; /* Async or sync migration mode */ bool ignore_skip_hint; /* Scan blocks even if marked skip */ bool no_set_skip_hint; /* Don't mark blocks for skipping */ bool ignore_block_suitable; /* Scan blocks considered unsuitable */ bool direct_compaction; /* False from kcompactd or /proc/... */ bool proactive_compaction; /* kcompactd proactive compaction */ bool whole_zone; /* Whole zone should/has been scanned */ bool contended; /* Signal lock or sched contention */ bool rescan; /* Rescanning the same pageblock */ bool alloc_contig; /* alloc_contig_range allocation */ }; /* * Used in direct compaction when a page should be taken from the freelists * immediately when one is created during the free path. */ struct capture_control { struct compact_control *cc; struct page *page; }; unsigned long isolate_freepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); unsigned long isolate_migratepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long low_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); int find_suitable_fallback(struct free_area *area, unsigned int order, int migratetype, bool only_stealable, bool *can_steal); #endif /* * This function returns the order of a free page in the buddy system. In * general, page_zone(page)->lock must be held by the caller to prevent the * page from being allocated in parallel and returning garbage as the order. * If a caller does not hold page_zone(page)->lock, it must guarantee that the * page cannot be allocated or merged in parallel. Alternatively, it must * handle invalid values gracefully, and use buddy_order_unsafe() below. */ static inline unsigned int buddy_order(struct page *page) { /* PageBuddy() must be checked by the caller */ return page_private(page); } /* * Like buddy_order(), but for callers who cannot afford to hold the zone lock. * PageBuddy() should be checked first by the caller to minimize race window, * and invalid values must be handled gracefully. * * READ_ONCE is used so that if the caller assigns the result into a local * variable and e.g. tests it for valid range before using, the compiler cannot * decide to remove the variable and inline the page_private(page) multiple * times, potentially observing different values in the tests and the actual * use of the result. */ #define buddy_order_unsafe(page) READ_ONCE(page_private(page)) static inline bool is_cow_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYWRITE)) == VM_MAYWRITE; } /* * These three helpers classifies VMAs for virtual memory accounting. */ /* * Executable code area - executable, not writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_exec_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE | VM_STACK)) == VM_EXEC; } /* * Stack area - atomatically grows in one direction * * VM_GROWSUP / VM_GROWSDOWN VMAs are always private anonymous: * do_mmap() forbids all other combinations. */ static inline bool is_stack_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & VM_STACK) == VM_STACK; } /* * Data area - private, writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_data_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED | VM_STACK)) == VM_WRITE; } /* mm/util.c */ void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev); void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int *nonblocking); extern void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void munlock_vma_pages_all(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { munlock_vma_pages_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); } /* * must be called with vma's mmap_lock held for read or write, and page locked. */ extern void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page); extern unsigned int munlock_vma_page(struct page *page); /* * Clear the page's PageMlocked(). This can be useful in a situation where * we want to unconditionally remove a page from the pagecache -- e.g., * on truncation or freeing. * * It is legal to call this function for any page, mlocked or not. * If called for a page that is still mapped by mlocked vmas, all we do * is revert to lazy LRU behaviour -- semantics are not broken. */ extern void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page); /* * mlock_migrate_page - called only from migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() * (because that does not go through the full procedure of migration ptes): * to migrate the Mlocked page flag; update statistics. */ static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page) { if (TestClearPageMlocked(page)) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); /* Holding pmd lock, no change in irq context: __mod is safe */ __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, -nr_pages); SetPageMlocked(newpage); __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(newpage), NR_MLOCK, nr_pages); } } extern pmd_t maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* * At what user virtual address is page expected in vma? * Returns -EFAULT if all of the page is outside the range of vma. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page); if (pgoff >= vma->vm_pgoff) { address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end) address = -EFAULT; } else if (PageHead(page) && pgoff + compound_nr(page) - 1 >= vma->vm_pgoff) { /* Test above avoids possibility of wrap to 0 on 32-bit */ address = vma->vm_start; } else { address = -EFAULT; } return address; } /* * Then at what user virtual address will none of the page be found in vma? * Assumes that vma_address() already returned a good starting address. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address_end(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page) + compound_nr(page); address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address > vma->vm_end) address = vma->vm_end; return address; } static inline struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct file *fpin) { int flags = vmf->flags; if (fpin) return fpin; /* * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_lock if only * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set, while this is the first attempt. */ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags) && !(flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) { fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file); mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm); } return fpin; } #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */ static inline void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *new, struct page *old) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_MMU */ /* * Return the mem_map entry representing the 'offset' subpage within * the maximally aligned gigantic page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity * in the mem_map at MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES boundaries. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_offset(struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely(offset >= MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) return nth_page(base, offset); return base + offset; } /* * Iterator over all subpages within the maximally aligned gigantic * page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity in the mem_map. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_next(struct page *iter, struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely((offset & (MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES - 1)) == 0)) { unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(base) + offset; if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; return pfn_to_page(pfn); } return iter + 1; } /* Memory initialisation debug and verification */ enum mminit_level { MMINIT_WARNING, MMINIT_VERIFY, MMINIT_TRACE }; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT extern int mminit_loglevel; #define mminit_dprintk(level, prefix, fmt, arg...) \ do { \ if (level < mminit_loglevel) { \ if (level <= MMINIT_WARNING) \ pr_warn("mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ else \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ } \ } while (0) extern void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void); extern void mminit_verify_zonelist(void); #else static inline void mminit_dprintk(enum mminit_level level, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void) { } static inline void mminit_verify_zonelist(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ /* mminit_validate_memmodel_limits is independent of CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) extern void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); #else static inline void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ #define NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN -2 #define NODE_RECLAIM_FULL -1 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SOME 0 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SUCCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *, gfp_t, unsigned int); #else static inline int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t mask, unsigned int order) { return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; } #endif extern int hwpoison_filter(struct page *p); extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_major; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_minor; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_mask; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_value; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_memcg; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_enable; extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void set_pageblock_order(void); unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone, struct list_head *page_list); /* The ALLOC_WMARK bits are used as an index to zone->watermark */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MIN WMARK_MIN #define ALLOC_WMARK_LOW WMARK_LOW #define ALLOC_WMARK_HIGH WMARK_HIGH #define ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS 0x04 /* don't check watermarks at all */ /* Mask to get the watermark bits */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MASK (ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS-1) /* * Only MMU archs have async oom victim reclaim - aka oom_reaper so we * cannot assume a reduced access to memory reserves is sufficient for * !MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define ALLOC_OOM 0x08 #else #define ALLOC_OOM ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS #endif #define ALLOC_HARDER 0x10 /* try to alloc harder */ #define ALLOC_HIGH 0x20 /* __GFP_HIGH set */ #define ALLOC_CPUSET 0x40 /* check for correct cpuset */ #define ALLOC_CMA 0x80 /* allow allocations from CMA areas */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x100 /* avoid mixing pageblock types */ #else #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x0 #endif #define ALLOC_KSWAPD 0x800 /* allow waking of kswapd, __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM set */ enum ttu_flags; struct tlbflush_unmap_batch; /* * only for MM internal work items which do not depend on * any allocations or locks which might depend on allocations */ extern struct workqueue_struct *mm_percpu_wq; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH void try_to_unmap_flush(void); void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void); void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void try_to_unmap_flush(void) { } static inline void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void) { } static inline void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH */ extern const struct trace_print_flags pageflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags vmaflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags gfpflag_names[]; static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic(enum migratetype migratetype) { return migratetype == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic_page(struct page *page) { return get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } void setup_zone_pageset(struct zone *zone); struct migration_target_control { int nid; /* preferred node id */ nodemask_t *nmask; gfp_t gfp_mask; }; #endif /* __MM_INTERNAL_H */
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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H #define __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H /* * seqcount_t / seqlock_t - a reader-writer consistency mechanism with * lockless readers (read-only retry loops), and no writer starvation. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst * * Copyrights: * - Based on x86_64 vsyscall gettimeofday: Keith Owens, Andrea Arcangeli * - Sequence counters with associated locks, (C) 2020 Linutronix GmbH */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/ww_mutex.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * The seqlock seqcount_t interface does not prescribe a precise sequence of * read begin/retry/end. For readers, typically there is a call to * read_seqcount_begin() and read_seqcount_retry(), however, there are more * esoteric cases which do not follow this pattern. * * As a consequence, we take the following best-effort approach for raw usage * via seqcount_t under KCSAN: upon beginning a seq-reader critical section, * pessimistically mark the next KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX memory accesses as * atomics; if there is a matching read_seqcount_retry() call, no following * memory operations are considered atomic. Usage of the seqlock_t interface * is not affected. */ #define KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX 1000 /* * Sequence counters (seqcount_t) * * This is the raw counting mechanism, without any writer protection. * * Write side critical sections must be serialized and non-preemptible. * * If readers can be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, * interrupts or bottom halves must also be respectively disabled before * entering the write section. * * This mechanism can't be used if the protected data contains pointers, * as the writer can invalidate a pointer that a reader is following. * * If the write serialization mechanism is one of the common kernel * locking primitives, use a sequence counter with associated lock * (seqcount_LOCKNAME_t) instead. * * If it's desired to automatically handle the sequence counter writer * serialization and non-preemptibility requirements, use a sequential * lock (seqlock_t) instead. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ typedef struct seqcount { unsigned sequence; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif } seqcount_t; static inline void __seqcount_init(seqcount_t *s, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { /* * Make sure we are not reinitializing a held lock: */ lockdep_init_map(&s->dep_map, name, key, 0); s->sequence = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { .name = #lockname } /** * seqcount_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_t instance */ # define seqcount_init(s) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ __seqcount_init((s), #s, &__key); \ } while (0) static inline void seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(const seqcount_t *s) { seqcount_t *l = (seqcount_t *)s; unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); seqcount_acquire_read(&l->dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_); seqcount_release(&l->dep_map, _RET_IP_); local_irq_restore(flags); } #else # define SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) # define seqcount_init(s) __seqcount_init(s, NULL, NULL) # define seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(x) #endif /** * SEQCNT_ZERO() - static initializer for seqcount_t * @name: Name of the seqcount_t instance */ #define SEQCNT_ZERO(name) { .sequence = 0, SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } /* * Sequence counters with associated locks (seqcount_LOCKNAME_t) * * A sequence counter which associates the lock used for writer * serialization at initialization time. This enables lockdep to validate * that the write side critical section is properly serialized. * * For associated locks which do not implicitly disable preemption, * preemption protection is enforced in the write side function. * * Lockdep is never used in any for the raw write variants. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ /* * For PREEMPT_RT, seqcount_LOCKNAME_t write side critical sections cannot * disable preemption. It can lead to higher latencies, and the write side * sections will not be able to acquire locks which become sleeping locks * (e.g. spinlock_t). * * To remain preemptible while avoiding a possible livelock caused by the * reader preempting the writer, use a different technique: let the reader * detect if a seqcount_LOCKNAME_t writer is in progress. If that is the * case, acquire then release the associated LOCKNAME writer serialization * lock. This will allow any possibly-preempted writer to make progress * until the end of its writer serialization lock critical section. * * This lock-unlock technique must be implemented for all of PREEMPT_RT * sleeping locks. See Documentation/locking/locktypes.rst */ #if defined(CONFIG_LOCKDEP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) #define __SEQ_LOCK(expr) expr #else #define __SEQ_LOCK(expr) #endif /* * typedef seqcount_LOCKNAME_t - sequence counter with LOCKNAME associated * @seqcount: The real sequence counter * @lock: Pointer to the associated lock * * A plain sequence counter with external writer synchronization by * LOCKNAME @lock. The lock is associated to the sequence counter in the * static initializer or init function. This enables lockdep to validate * that the write side critical section is properly serialized. * * LOCKNAME: raw_spinlock, spinlock, rwlock, mutex, or ww_mutex. */ /* * seqcount_LOCKNAME_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t instance * @lock: Pointer to the associated lock */ #define seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, _lock, lockname) \ do { \ seqcount_##lockname##_t *____s = (s); \ seqcount_init(&____s->seqcount); \ __SEQ_LOCK(____s->lock = (_lock)); \ } while (0) #define seqcount_raw_spinlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, raw_spinlock) #define seqcount_spinlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, spinlock) #define seqcount_rwlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, rwlock); #define seqcount_mutex_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, mutex); #define seqcount_ww_mutex_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, ww_mutex); /* * SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME() - Instantiate seqcount_LOCKNAME_t and helpers * seqprop_LOCKNAME_*() - Property accessors for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * * @lockname: "LOCKNAME" part of seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @locktype: LOCKNAME canonical C data type * @preemptible: preemptibility of above locktype * @lockmember: argument for lockdep_assert_held() * @lockbase: associated lock release function (prefix only) * @lock_acquire: associated lock acquisition function (full call) */ #define SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(lockname, locktype, preemptible, lockmember, lockbase, lock_acquire) \ typedef struct seqcount_##lockname { \ seqcount_t seqcount; \ __SEQ_LOCK(locktype *lock); \ } seqcount_##lockname##_t; \ \ static __always_inline seqcount_t * \ __seqprop_##lockname##_ptr(seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ return &s->seqcount; \ } \ \ static __always_inline unsigned \ __seqprop_##lockname##_sequence(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ unsigned seq = READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); \ \ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) \ return seq; \ \ if (preemptible && unlikely(seq & 1)) { \ __SEQ_LOCK(lock_acquire); \ __SEQ_LOCK(lockbase##_unlock(s->lock)); \ \ /* \ * Re-read the sequence counter since the (possibly \ * preempted) writer made progress. \ */ \ seq = READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); \ } \ \ return seq; \ } \ \ static __always_inline bool \ __seqprop_##lockname##_preemptible(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) \ return preemptible; \ \ /* PREEMPT_RT relies on the above LOCK+UNLOCK */ \ return false; \ } \ \ static __always_inline void \ __seqprop_##lockname##_assert(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ __SEQ_LOCK(lockdep_assert_held(lockmember)); \ } /* * __seqprop() for seqcount_t */ static inline seqcount_t *__seqprop_ptr(seqcount_t *s) { return s; } static inline unsigned __seqprop_sequence(const seqcount_t *s) { return READ_ONCE(s->sequence); } static inline bool __seqprop_preemptible(const seqcount_t *s) { return false; } static inline void __seqprop_assert(const seqcount_t *s) { lockdep_assert_preemption_disabled(); } #define __SEQ_RT IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(raw_spinlock, raw_spinlock_t, false, s->lock, raw_spin, raw_spin_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(spinlock, spinlock_t, __SEQ_RT, s->lock, spin, spin_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(rwlock, rwlock_t, __SEQ_RT, s->lock, read, read_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(mutex, struct mutex, true, s->lock, mutex, mutex_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(ww_mutex, struct ww_mutex, true, &s->lock->base, ww_mutex, ww_mutex_lock(s->lock, NULL)) /* * SEQCNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO - static initializer for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @name: Name of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t instance * @lock: Pointer to the associated LOCKNAME */ #define SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(seq_name, assoc_lock) { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_ZERO(seq_name.seqcount), \ __SEQ_LOCK(.lock = (assoc_lock)) \ } #define SEQCNT_RAW_SPINLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_SPINLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_RWLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_MUTEX_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_WW_MUTEX_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define __seqprop_case(s, lockname, prop) \ seqcount_##lockname##_t: __seqprop_##lockname##_##prop((void *)(s)) #define __seqprop(s, prop) _Generic(*(s), \ seqcount_t: __seqprop_##prop((void *)(s)), \ __seqprop_case((s), raw_spinlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), spinlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), rwlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), mutex, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), ww_mutex, prop)) #define __seqcount_ptr(s) __seqprop(s, ptr) #define __seqcount_sequence(s) __seqprop(s, sequence) #define __seqcount_lock_preemptible(s) __seqprop(s, preemptible) #define __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s) __seqprop(s, assert) /** * __read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read section w/o barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * __read_seqcount_begin is like read_seqcount_begin, but has no smp_rmb() * barrier. Callers should ensure that smp_rmb() or equivalent ordering is * provided before actually loading any of the variables that are to be * protected in this critical section. * * Use carefully, only in critical code, and comment how the barrier is * provided. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define __read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq; \ \ while ((seq = __seqcount_sequence(s)) & 1) \ cpu_relax(); \ \ kcsan_atomic_next(KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX); \ seq; \ }) /** * raw_read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq = __read_seqcount_begin(s); \ \ smp_rmb(); \ seq; \ }) /** * read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ raw_read_seqcount_begin(s); \ }) /** * raw_read_seqcount() - read the raw seqcount_t counter value * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * raw_read_seqcount opens a read critical section of the given * seqcount_t, without any lockdep checking, and without checking or * masking the sequence counter LSB. Calling code is responsible for * handling that. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_read_seqcount(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq = __seqcount_sequence(s); \ \ smp_rmb(); \ kcsan_atomic_next(KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX); \ seq; \ }) /** * raw_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read critical section w/o * lockdep and w/o counter stabilization * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * raw_seqcount_begin opens a read critical section of the given * seqcount_t. Unlike read_seqcount_begin(), this function will not wait * for the count to stabilize. If a writer is active when it begins, it * will fail the read_seqcount_retry() at the end of the read critical * section instead of stabilizing at the beginning of it. * * Use this only in special kernel hot paths where the read section is * small and has a high probability of success through other external * means. It will save a single branching instruction. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ /* \ * If the counter is odd, let read_seqcount_retry() fail \ * by decrementing the counter. \ */ \ raw_read_seqcount(s) & ~1; \ }) /** * __read_seqcount_retry() - end a seqcount_t read section w/o barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @start: count, from read_seqcount_begin() * * __read_seqcount_retry is like read_seqcount_retry, but has no smp_rmb() * barrier. Callers should ensure that smp_rmb() or equivalent ordering is * provided before actually loading any of the variables that are to be * protected in this critical section. * * Use carefully, only in critical code, and comment how the barrier is * provided. * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ #define __read_seqcount_retry(s, start) \ __read_seqcount_t_retry(__seqcount_ptr(s), start) static inline int __read_seqcount_t_retry(const seqcount_t *s, unsigned start) { kcsan_atomic_next(0); return unlikely(READ_ONCE(s->sequence) != start); } /** * read_seqcount_retry() - end a seqcount_t read critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @start: count, from read_seqcount_begin() * * read_seqcount_retry closes the read critical section of given * seqcount_t. If the critical section was invalid, it must be ignored * (and typically retried). * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ #define read_seqcount_retry(s, start) \ read_seqcount_t_retry(__seqcount_ptr(s), start) static inline int read_seqcount_t_retry(const seqcount_t *s, unsigned start) { smp_rmb(); return __read_seqcount_t_retry(s, start); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_begin() - start a seqcount_t write section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants */ #define raw_write_seqcount_begin(s) \ do { \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ } while (0) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(seqcount_t *s) { kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence++; smp_wmb(); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_end() - end a seqcount_t write section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants */ #define raw_write_seqcount_end(s) \ do { \ raw_write_seqcount_t_end(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_end(seqcount_t *s) { smp_wmb(); s->sequence++; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /** * write_seqcount_begin_nested() - start a seqcount_t write section with * custom lockdep nesting level * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @subclass: lockdep nesting level * * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst */ #define write_seqcount_begin_nested(s, subclass) \ do { \ __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(__seqcount_ptr(s), subclass); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(seqcount_t *s, int subclass) { raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(s); seqcount_acquire(&s->dep_map, subclass, 0, _RET_IP_); } /** * write_seqcount_begin() - start a seqcount_t write side critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * write_seqcount_begin opens a write side critical section of the given * seqcount_t. * * Context: seqcount_t write side critical sections must be serialized and * non-preemptible. If readers can be invoked from hardirq or softirq * context, interrupts or bottom halves must be respectively disabled. */ #define write_seqcount_begin(s) \ do { \ __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ write_seqcount_t_begin(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_begin(seqcount_t *s) { write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(s, 0); } /** * write_seqcount_end() - end a seqcount_t write side critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * The write section must've been opened with write_seqcount_begin(). */ #define write_seqcount_end(s) \ do { \ write_seqcount_t_end(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_end(seqcount_t *s) { seqcount_release(&s->dep_map, _RET_IP_); raw_write_seqcount_t_end(s); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_barrier() - do a seqcount_t write barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * This can be used to provide an ordering guarantee instead of the usual * consistency guarantee. It is one wmb cheaper, because it can collapse * the two back-to-back wmb()s. * * Note that writes surrounding the barrier should be declared atomic (e.g. * via WRITE_ONCE): a) to ensure the writes become visible to other threads * atomically, avoiding compiler optimizations; b) to document which writes are * meant to propagate to the reader critical section. This is necessary because * neither writes before and after the barrier are enclosed in a seq-writer * critical section that would ensure readers are aware of ongoing writes:: * * seqcount_t seq; * bool X = true, Y = false; * * void read(void) * { * bool x, y; * * do { * int s = read_seqcount_begin(&seq); * * x = X; y = Y; * * } while (read_seqcount_retry(&seq, s)); * * BUG_ON(!x && !y); * } * * void write(void) * { * WRITE_ONCE(Y, true); * * raw_write_seqcount_barrier(seq); * * WRITE_ONCE(X, false); * } */ #define raw_write_seqcount_barrier(s) \ raw_write_seqcount_t_barrier(__seqcount_ptr(s)) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_barrier(seqcount_t *s) { kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence++; smp_wmb(); s->sequence++; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /** * write_seqcount_invalidate() - invalidate in-progress seqcount_t read * side operations * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * After write_seqcount_invalidate, no seqcount_t read side operations * will complete successfully and see data older than this. */ #define write_seqcount_invalidate(s) \ write_seqcount_t_invalidate(__seqcount_ptr(s)) static inline void write_seqcount_t_invalidate(seqcount_t *s) { smp_wmb(); kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence+=2; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /* * Latch sequence counters (seqcount_latch_t) * * A sequence counter variant where the counter even/odd value is used to * switch between two copies of protected data. This allows the read path, * typically NMIs, to safely interrupt the write side critical section. * * As the write sections are fully preemptible, no special handling for * PREEMPT_RT is needed. */ typedef struct { seqcount_t seqcount; } seqcount_latch_t; /** * SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO() - static initializer for seqcount_latch_t * @seq_name: Name of the seqcount_latch_t instance */ #define SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO(seq_name) { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_ZERO(seq_name.seqcount), \ } /** * seqcount_latch_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_latch_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_latch_t instance */ #define seqcount_latch_init(s) seqcount_init(&(s)->seqcount) /** * raw_read_seqcount_latch() - pick even/odd latch data copy * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * * See raw_write_seqcount_latch() for details and a full reader/writer * usage example. * * Return: sequence counter raw value. Use the lowest bit as an index for * picking which data copy to read. The full counter must then be checked * with read_seqcount_latch_retry(). */ static inline unsigned raw_read_seqcount_latch(const seqcount_latch_t *s) { /* * Pairs with the first smp_wmb() in raw_write_seqcount_latch(). * Due to the dependent load, a full smp_rmb() is not needed. */ return READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); } /** * read_seqcount_latch_retry() - end a seqcount_latch_t read section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * @start: count, from raw_read_seqcount_latch() * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ static inline int read_seqcount_latch_retry(const seqcount_latch_t *s, unsigned start) { return read_seqcount_retry(&s->seqcount, start); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_latch() - redirect latch readers to even/odd copy * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * * The latch technique is a multiversion concurrency control method that allows * queries during non-atomic modifications. If you can guarantee queries never * interrupt the modification -- e.g. the concurrency is strictly between CPUs * -- you most likely do not need this. * * Where the traditional RCU/lockless data structures rely on atomic * modifications to ensure queries observe either the old or the new state the * latch allows the same for non-atomic updates. The trade-off is doubling the * cost of storage; we have to maintain two copies of the entire data * structure. * * Very simply put: we first modify one copy and then the other. This ensures * there is always one copy in a stable state, ready to give us an answer. * * The basic form is a data structure like:: * * struct latch_struct { * seqcount_latch_t seq; * struct data_struct data[2]; * }; * * Where a modification, which is assumed to be externally serialized, does the * following:: * * void latch_modify(struct latch_struct *latch, ...) * { * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the last data[1] update is visible * latch->seq.sequence++; * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the seqcount update is visible * * modify(latch->data[0], ...); * * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the data[0] update is visible * latch->seq.sequence++; * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the seqcount update is visible * * modify(latch->data[1], ...); * } * * The query will have a form like:: * * struct entry *latch_query(struct latch_struct *latch, ...) * { * struct entry *entry; * unsigned seq, idx; * * do { * seq = raw_read_seqcount_latch(&latch->seq); * * idx = seq & 0x01; * entry = data_query(latch->data[idx], ...); * * // This includes needed smp_rmb() * } while (read_seqcount_latch_retry(&latch->seq, seq)); * * return entry; * } * * So during the modification, queries are first redirected to data[1]. Then we * modify data[0]. When that is complete, we redirect queries back to data[0] * and we can modify data[1]. * * NOTE: * * The non-requirement for atomic modifications does _NOT_ include * the publishing of new entries in the case where data is a dynamic * data structure. * * An iteration might start in data[0] and get suspended long enough * to miss an entire modification sequence, once it resumes it might * observe the new entry. * * NOTE2: * * When data is a dynamic data structure; one should use regular RCU * patterns to manage the lifetimes of the objects within. */ static inline void raw_write_seqcount_latch(seqcount_latch_t *s) { smp_wmb(); /* prior stores before incrementing "sequence" */ s->seqcount.sequence++; smp_wmb(); /* increment "sequence" before following stores */ } /* * Sequential locks (seqlock_t) * * Sequence counters with an embedded spinlock for writer serialization * and non-preemptibility. * * For more info, see: * - Comments on top of seqcount_t * - Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ typedef struct { /* * Make sure that readers don't starve writers on PREEMPT_RT: use * seqcount_spinlock_t instead of seqcount_t. Check __SEQ_LOCK(). */ seqcount_spinlock_t seqcount; spinlock_t lock; } seqlock_t; #define __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \ { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_SPINLOCK_ZERO(lockname, &(lockname).lock), \ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \ } /** * seqlock_init() - dynamic initializer for seqlock_t * @sl: Pointer to the seqlock_t instance */ #define seqlock_init(sl) \ do { \ spin_lock_init(&(sl)->lock); \ seqcount_spinlock_init(&(sl)->seqcount, &(sl)->lock); \ } while (0) /** * DEFINE_SEQLOCK(sl) - Define a statically allocated seqlock_t * @sl: Name of the seqlock_t instance */ #define DEFINE_SEQLOCK(sl) \ seqlock_t sl = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(sl) /** * read_seqbegin() - start a seqlock_t read side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * Return: count, to be passed to read_seqretry() */ static inline unsigned read_seqbegin(const seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned ret = read_seqcount_begin(&sl->seqcount); kcsan_atomic_next(0); /* non-raw usage, assume closing read_seqretry() */ kcsan_flat_atomic_begin(); return ret; } /** * read_seqretry() - end a seqlock_t read side section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @start: count, from read_seqbegin() * * read_seqretry closes the read side critical section of given seqlock_t. * If the critical section was invalid, it must be ignored (and typically * retried). * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ static inline unsigned read_seqretry(const seqlock_t *sl, unsigned start) { /* * Assume not nested: read_seqretry() may be called multiple times when * completing read critical section. */ kcsan_flat_atomic_end(); return read_seqcount_retry(&sl->seqcount, start); } /* * For all seqlock_t write side functions, use write_seqcount_*t*_begin() * instead of the generic write_seqcount_begin(). This way, no redundant * lockdep_assert_held() checks are added. */ /** * write_seqlock() - start a seqlock_t write side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_seqlock opens a write side critical section for the given * seqlock_t. It also implicitly acquires the spinlock_t embedded inside * that sequential lock. All seqlock_t write side sections are thus * automatically serialized and non-preemptible. * * Context: if the seqlock_t read section, or other write side critical * sections, can be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the * _irqsave or _bh variants of this function instead. */ static inline void write_seqlock(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock() - end a seqlock_t write side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock closes the (serialized and non-preemptible) write side * critical section of given seqlock_t. */ static inline void write_sequnlock(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock(&sl->lock); } /** * write_seqlock_bh() - start a softirqs-disabled seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _bh variant of write_seqlock(). Use only if the read side section, or * other write side sections, can be invoked from softirq contexts. */ static inline void write_seqlock_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_bh(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock_bh() - end a softirqs-disabled seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock_bh closes the serialized, non-preemptible, and * softirqs-disabled, seqlock_t write side critical section opened with * write_seqlock_bh(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * write_seqlock_irq() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _irq variant of write_seqlock(). Use only if the read side section, or * other write sections, can be invoked from hardirq contexts. */ static inline void write_seqlock_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_irq(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock_irq() - end a non-interruptible seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock_irq closes the serialized and non-interruptible * seqlock_t write side section opened with write_seqlock_irq(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_irq(&sl->lock); } static inline unsigned long __write_seqlock_irqsave(seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&sl->lock, flags); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); return flags; } /** * write_seqlock_irqsave() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t write * section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Stack-allocated storage for saving caller's local interrupt * state, to be passed to write_sequnlock_irqrestore(). * * _irqsave variant of write_seqlock(). Use it only if the read side * section, or other write sections, can be invoked from hardirq context. */ #define write_seqlock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { flags = __write_seqlock_irqsave(lock); } while (0) /** * write_sequnlock_irqrestore() - end non-interruptible seqlock_t write * section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Caller's saved interrupt state, from write_seqlock_irqsave() * * write_sequnlock_irqrestore closes the serialized and non-interruptible * seqlock_t write section previously opened with write_seqlock_irqsave(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_irqrestore(seqlock_t *sl, unsigned long flags) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sl->lock, flags); } /** * read_seqlock_excl() - begin a seqlock_t locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * read_seqlock_excl opens a seqlock_t locking reader critical section. A * locking reader exclusively locks out *both* other writers *and* other * locking readers, but it does not update the embedded sequence number. * * Locking readers act like a normal spin_lock()/spin_unlock(). * * Context: if the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can * be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the _irqsave or _bh * variant of this function instead. * * The opened read section must be closed with read_sequnlock_excl(). */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl() - end a seqlock_t locking reader critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock(&sl->lock); } /** * read_seqlock_excl_bh() - start a seqlock_t locking reader section with * softirqs disabled * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _bh variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this variant only if the * seqlock_t write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked * from softirq contexts. */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl_bh() - stop a seqlock_t softirq-disabled locking * reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * read_seqlock_excl_irq() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t locking * reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _irq variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this only if the seqlock_t * write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked from a * hardirq context. */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_irq(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl_irq() - end an interrupts-disabled seqlock_t * locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock_irq(&sl->lock); } static inline unsigned long __read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&sl->lock, flags); return flags; } /** * read_seqlock_excl_irqsave() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t * locking reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Stack-allocated storage for saving caller's local interrupt * state, to be passed to read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(). * * _irqsave variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this only if the seqlock_t * write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked from a * hardirq context. */ #define read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { flags = __read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock); } while (0) /** * read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore() - end non-interruptible seqlock_t * locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Caller saved interrupt state, from read_seqlock_excl_irqsave() */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(seqlock_t *sl, unsigned long flags) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sl->lock, flags); } /** * read_seqbegin_or_lock() - begin a seqlock_t lockless or locking reader * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq : Marker and return parameter. If the passed value is even, the * reader will become a *lockless* seqlock_t reader as in read_seqbegin(). * If the passed value is odd, the reader will become a *locking* reader * as in read_seqlock_excl(). In the first call to this function, the * caller *must* initialize and pass an even value to @seq; this way, a * lockless read can be optimistically tried first. * * read_seqbegin_or_lock is an API designed to optimistically try a normal * lockless seqlock_t read section first. If an odd counter is found, the * lockless read trial has failed, and the next read iteration transforms * itself into a full seqlock_t locking reader. * * This is typically used to avoid seqlock_t lockless readers starvation * (too much retry loops) in the case of a sharp spike in write side * activity. * * Context: if the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can * be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the _irqsave or _bh * variant of this function instead. * * Check Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst for template example code. * * Return: the encountered sequence counter value, through the @seq * parameter, which is overloaded as a return parameter. This returned * value must be checked with need_seqretry(). If the read section need to * be retried, this returned value must also be passed as the @seq * parameter of the next read_seqbegin_or_lock() iteration. */ static inline void read_seqbegin_or_lock(seqlock_t *lock, int *seq) { if (!(*seq & 1)) /* Even */ *seq = read_seqbegin(lock); else /* Odd */ read_seqlock_excl(lock); } /** * need_seqretry() - validate seqlock_t "locking or lockless" read section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: sequence count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock() * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, false otherwise */ static inline int need_seqretry(seqlock_t *lock, int seq) { return !(seq & 1) && read_seqretry(lock, seq); } /** * done_seqretry() - end seqlock_t "locking or lockless" reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock() * * done_seqretry finishes the seqlock_t read side critical section started * with read_seqbegin_or_lock() and validated by need_seqretry(). */ static inline void done_seqretry(seqlock_t *lock, int seq) { if (seq & 1) read_sequnlock_excl(lock); } /** * read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() - begin a seqlock_t lockless reader, or * a non-interruptible locking reader * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: Marker and return parameter. Check read_seqbegin_or_lock(). * * This is the _irqsave variant of read_seqbegin_or_lock(). Use it only if * the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked * from hardirq context. * * Note: Interrupts will be disabled only for "locking reader" mode. * * Return: * * 1. The saved local interrupts state in case of a locking reader, to * be passed to done_seqretry_irqrestore(). * * 2. The encountered sequence counter value, returned through @seq * overloaded as a return parameter. Check read_seqbegin_or_lock(). */ static inline unsigned long read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave(seqlock_t *lock, int *seq) { unsigned long flags = 0; if (!(*seq & 1)) /* Even */ *seq = read_seqbegin(lock); else /* Odd */ read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock, flags); return flags; } /** * done_seqretry_irqrestore() - end a seqlock_t lockless reader, or a * non-interruptible locking reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: Count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() * @flags: Caller's saved local interrupt state in case of a locking * reader, also from read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() * * This is the _irqrestore variant of done_seqretry(). The read section * must've been opened with read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave(), and validated * by need_seqretry(). */ static inline void done_seqretry_irqrestore(seqlock_t *lock, int seq, unsigned long flags) { if (seq & 1) read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(lock, flags); } #endif /* __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 /* * include/net/tipc.h: Include file for TIPC message header routines * * Copyright (c) 2017 Ericsson AB * All rights reserved. * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: * * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. Neither the names of the copyright holders nor the names of its * contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from * this software without specific prior written permission. * * Alternatively, this software may be distributed under the terms of the * GNU General Public License ("GPL") version 2 as published by the Free * Software Foundation. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. */ #ifndef _TIPC_HDR_H #define _TIPC_HDR_H #include <linux/random.h> #define KEEPALIVE_MSG_MASK 0x0e080000 /* LINK_PROTOCOL + MSG_IS_KEEPALIVE */ struct tipc_basic_hdr { __be32 w[4]; }; static inline __be32 tipc_hdr_rps_key(struct tipc_basic_hdr *hdr) { u32 w0 = ntohl(hdr->w[0]); bool keepalive_msg = (w0 & KEEPALIVE_MSG_MASK) == KEEPALIVE_MSG_MASK; __be32 key; /* Return source node identity as key */ if (likely(!keepalive_msg)) return hdr->w[3]; /* Spread PROBE/PROBE_REPLY messages across the cores */ get_random_bytes(&key, sizeof(key)); return key; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vsyscall #if !defined(__VSYSCALL_TRACE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define __VSYSCALL_TRACE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(emulate_vsyscall, TP_PROTO(int nr), TP_ARGS(nr), TP_STRUCT__entry(__field(int, nr)), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr = nr; ), TP_printk("nr = %d", __entry->nr) ); #endif #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH ../../arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/ #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE vsyscall_trace #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Access vector cache interface for object managers. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SELINUX_AVC_H_ #define _SELINUX_AVC_H_ #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/lsm_audit.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include "flask.h" #include "av_permissions.h" #include "security.h" /* * An entry in the AVC. */ struct avc_entry; struct task_struct; struct inode; struct sock; struct sk_buff; /* * AVC statistics */ struct avc_cache_stats { unsigned int lookups; unsigned int misses; unsigned int allocations; unsigned int reclaims; unsigned int frees; }; /* * We only need this data after we have decided to send an audit message. */ struct selinux_audit_data { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; u32 requested; u32 audited; u32 denied; int result; struct selinux_state *state; }; /* * AVC operations */ void __init avc_init(void); static inline u32 avc_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, int result, u32 auditdeny, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; /* * auditdeny is TRICKY! Setting a bit in * this field means that ANY denials should NOT be audited if * the policy contains an explicit dontaudit rule for that * permission. Take notice that this is unrelated to the * actual permissions that were denied. As an example lets * assume: * * denied == READ * avd.auditdeny & ACCESS == 0 (not set means explicit rule) * auditdeny & ACCESS == 1 * * We will NOT audit the denial even though the denied * permission was READ and the auditdeny checks were for * ACCESS */ if (auditdeny && !(auditdeny & avd->auditdeny)) audited = 0; } else if (result) audited = denied = requested; else audited = requested & avd->auditallow; *deniedp = denied; return audited; } int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a); /** * avc_audit - Audit the granting or denial of permissions. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions * @avd: access vector decisions * @result: result from avc_has_perm_noaudit * @a: auxiliary audit data * @flags: VFS walk flags * * Audit the granting or denial of permissions in accordance * with the policy. This function is typically called by * avc_has_perm() after a permission check, but can also be * called directly by callers who use avc_has_perm_noaudit() * in order to separate the permission check from the auditing. * For example, this separation is useful when the permission check must * be performed under a lock, to allow the lock to be released * before calling the auditing code. */ static inline int avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, int result, struct common_audit_data *a, int flags) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_audit_required(requested, avd, result, 0, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; /* fall back to ref-walk if we have to generate audit */ if (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) return -ECHILD; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, a); } #define AVC_STRICT 1 /* Ignore permissive mode. */ #define AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS 2 /* update extended permissions */ #define AVC_NONBLOCKING 4 /* non blocking */ int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned flags, struct av_decision *avd); int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata); int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags); int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 perm, struct common_audit_data *ad); u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state); #define AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT 1 #define AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE 2 #define AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE 4 #define AVC_CALLBACK_RESET 8 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE 16 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE 32 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE 64 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE 128 #define AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS 256 int avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events); /* Exported to selinuxfs */ struct selinux_avc; int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page); unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc); void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold); /* Attempt to free avc node cache */ void avc_disable(void); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats); #endif #endif /* _SELINUX_AVC_H_ */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_H /* * Define 'struct task_struct' and provide the main scheduler * APIs (schedule(), wakeup variants, etc.) */ #include <uapi/linux/sched.h> #include <asm/current.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/plist.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/latencytop.h> #include <linux/sched/prio.h> #include <linux/sched/types.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/rseq.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/kcsan.h> /* task_struct member predeclarations (sorted alphabetically): */ struct audit_context; struct backing_dev_info; struct bio_list; struct blk_plug; struct capture_control; struct cfs_rq; struct fs_struct; struct futex_pi_state; struct io_context; struct mempolicy; struct nameidata; struct nsproxy; struct perf_event_context; struct pid_namespace; struct pipe_inode_info; struct rcu_node; struct reclaim_state; struct robust_list_head; struct root_domain; struct rq; struct sched_attr; struct sched_param; struct seq_file; struct sighand_struct; struct signal_struct; struct task_delay_info; struct task_group; struct io_uring_task; /* * Task state bitmask. NOTE! These bits are also * encoded in fs/proc/array.c: get_task_state(). * * We have two separate sets of flags: task->state * is about runnability, while task->exit_state are * about the task exiting. Confusing, but this way * modifying one set can't modify the other one by * mistake. */ /* Used in tsk->state: */ #define TASK_RUNNING 0x0000 #define TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x0001 #define TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE 0x0002 #define __TASK_STOPPED 0x0004 #define __TASK_TRACED 0x0008 /* Used in tsk->exit_state: */ #define EXIT_DEAD 0x0010 #define EXIT_ZOMBIE 0x0020 #define EXIT_TRACE (EXIT_ZOMBIE | EXIT_DEAD) /* Used in tsk->state again: */ #define TASK_PARKED 0x0040 #define TASK_DEAD 0x0080 #define TASK_WAKEKILL 0x0100 #define TASK_WAKING 0x0200 #define TASK_NOLOAD 0x0400 #define TASK_NEW 0x0800 #define TASK_STATE_MAX 0x1000 /* Convenience macros for the sake of set_current_state: */ #define TASK_KILLABLE (TASK_WAKEKILL | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) #define TASK_STOPPED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_STOPPED) #define TASK_TRACED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_TRACED) #define TASK_IDLE (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_NOLOAD) /* Convenience macros for the sake of wake_up(): */ #define TASK_NORMAL (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) /* get_task_state(): */ #define TASK_REPORT (TASK_RUNNING | TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | __TASK_STOPPED | \ __TASK_TRACED | EXIT_DEAD | EXIT_ZOMBIE | \ TASK_PARKED) #define task_is_traced(task) ((task->state & __TASK_TRACED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped(task) ((task->state & __TASK_STOPPED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped_or_traced(task) ((task->state & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED)) != 0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP /* * Special states are those that do not use the normal wait-loop pattern. See * the comment with set_special_state(). */ #define is_special_task_state(state) \ ((state) & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED | TASK_PARKED | TASK_DEAD)) #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ } while (0) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)); \ } while (0) #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_special_task_state(state_value)); \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #else /* * set_current_state() includes a barrier so that the write of current->state * is correctly serialised wrt the caller's subsequent test of whether to * actually sleep: * * for (;;) { * set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * if (CONDITION) * break; * * schedule(); * } * __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); * * If the caller does not need such serialisation (because, for instance, the * CONDITION test and condition change and wakeup are under the same lock) then * use __set_current_state(). * * The above is typically ordered against the wakeup, which does: * * CONDITION = 1; * wake_up_state(p, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * * where wake_up_state()/try_to_wake_up() executes a full memory barrier before * accessing p->state. * * Wakeup will do: if (@state & p->state) p->state = TASK_RUNNING, that is, * once it observes the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store the waking CPU can issue a * TASK_RUNNING store which can collide with __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING). * * However, with slightly different timing the wakeup TASK_RUNNING store can * also collide with the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store. Losing that store is not * a problem either because that will result in one extra go around the loop * and our @cond test will save the day. * * Also see the comments of try_to_wake_up(). */ #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ current->state = (state_value) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)) /* * set_special_state() should be used for those states when the blocking task * can not use the regular condition based wait-loop. In that case we must * serialize against wakeups such that any possible in-flight TASK_RUNNING stores * will not collide with our state change. */ #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #endif /* Task command name length: */ #define TASK_COMM_LEN 16 extern void scheduler_tick(void); #define MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT LONG_MAX extern long schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_interruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_killable(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_idle(long timeout); asmlinkage void schedule(void); extern void schedule_preempt_disabled(void); asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_irq(void); extern int __must_check io_schedule_prepare(void); extern void io_schedule_finish(int token); extern long io_schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern void io_schedule(void); /** * struct prev_cputime - snapshot of system and user cputime * @utime: time spent in user mode * @stime: time spent in system mode * @lock: protects the above two fields * * Stores previous user/system time values such that we can guarantee * monotonicity. */ struct prev_cputime { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE u64 utime; u64 stime; raw_spinlock_t lock; #endif }; enum vtime_state { /* Task is sleeping or running in a CPU with VTIME inactive: */ VTIME_INACTIVE = 0, /* Task is idle */ VTIME_IDLE, /* Task runs in kernelspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_SYS, /* Task runs in userspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_USER, /* Task runs as guests in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_GUEST, }; struct vtime { seqcount_t seqcount; unsigned long long starttime; enum vtime_state state; unsigned int cpu; u64 utime; u64 stime; u64 gtime; }; /* * Utilization clamp constraints. * @UCLAMP_MIN: Minimum utilization * @UCLAMP_MAX: Maximum utilization * @UCLAMP_CNT: Utilization clamp constraints count */ enum uclamp_id { UCLAMP_MIN = 0, UCLAMP_MAX, UCLAMP_CNT }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct root_domain def_root_domain; extern struct mutex sched_domains_mutex; #endif struct sched_info { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO /* Cumulative counters: */ /* # of times we have run on this CPU: */ unsigned long pcount; /* Time spent waiting on a runqueue: */ unsigned long long run_delay; /* Timestamps: */ /* When did we last run on a CPU? */ unsigned long long last_arrival; /* When were we last queued to run? */ unsigned long long last_queued; #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_INFO */ }; /* * Integer metrics need fixed point arithmetic, e.g., sched/fair * has a few: load, load_avg, util_avg, freq, and capacity. * * We define a basic fixed point arithmetic range, and then formalize * all these metrics based on that basic range. */ # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT 10 # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE (1L << SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT) /* Increase resolution of cpu_capacity calculations */ # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE (1L << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT) struct load_weight { unsigned long weight; u32 inv_weight; }; /** * struct util_est - Estimation utilization of FAIR tasks * @enqueued: instantaneous estimated utilization of a task/cpu * @ewma: the Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) * utilization of a task * * Support data structure to track an Exponential Weighted Moving Average * (EWMA) of a FAIR task's utilization. New samples are added to the moving * average each time a task completes an activation. Sample's weight is chosen * so that the EWMA will be relatively insensitive to transient changes to the * task's workload. * * The enqueued attribute has a slightly different meaning for tasks and cpus: * - task: the task's util_avg at last task dequeue time * - cfs_rq: the sum of util_est.enqueued for each RUNNABLE task on that CPU * Thus, the util_est.enqueued of a task represents the contribution on the * estimated utilization of the CPU where that task is currently enqueued. * * Only for tasks we track a moving average of the past instantaneous * estimated utilization. This allows to absorb sporadic drops in utilization * of an otherwise almost periodic task. * * The UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED flag is used to synchronize util_est with util_avg * updates. When a task is dequeued, its util_est should not be updated if its * util_avg has not been updated in the meantime. * This information is mapped into the MSB bit of util_est.enqueued at dequeue * time. Since max value of util_est.enqueued for a task is 1024 (PELT util_avg * for a task) it is safe to use MSB. */ struct util_est { unsigned int enqueued; unsigned int ewma; #define UTIL_EST_WEIGHT_SHIFT 2 #define UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED 0x80000000 } __attribute__((__aligned__(sizeof(u64)))); /* * The load/runnable/util_avg accumulates an infinite geometric series * (see __update_load_avg_cfs_rq() in kernel/sched/pelt.c). * * [load_avg definition] * * load_avg = runnable% * scale_load_down(load) * * [runnable_avg definition] * * runnable_avg = runnable% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * [util_avg definition] * * util_avg = running% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * where runnable% is the time ratio that a sched_entity is runnable and * running% the time ratio that a sched_entity is running. * * For cfs_rq, they are the aggregated values of all runnable and blocked * sched_entities. * * The load/runnable/util_avg doesn't directly factor frequency scaling and CPU * capacity scaling. The scaling is done through the rq_clock_pelt that is used * for computing those signals (see update_rq_clock_pelt()) * * N.B., the above ratios (runnable% and running%) themselves are in the * range of [0, 1]. To do fixed point arithmetics, we therefore scale them * to as large a range as necessary. This is for example reflected by * util_avg's SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE. * * [Overflow issue] * * The 64-bit load_sum can have 4353082796 (=2^64/47742/88761) entities * with the highest load (=88761), always runnable on a single cfs_rq, * and should not overflow as the number already hits PID_MAX_LIMIT. * * For all other cases (including 32-bit kernels), struct load_weight's * weight will overflow first before we do, because: * * Max(load_avg) <= Max(load.weight) * * Then it is the load_weight's responsibility to consider overflow * issues. */ struct sched_avg { u64 last_update_time; u64 load_sum; u64 runnable_sum; u32 util_sum; u32 period_contrib; unsigned long load_avg; unsigned long runnable_avg; unsigned long util_avg; struct util_est util_est; } ____cacheline_aligned; struct sched_statistics { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS u64 wait_start; u64 wait_max; u64 wait_count; u64 wait_sum; u64 iowait_count; u64 iowait_sum; u64 sleep_start; u64 sleep_max; s64 sum_sleep_runtime; u64 block_start; u64 block_max; u64 exec_max; u64 slice_max; u64 nr_migrations_cold; u64 nr_failed_migrations_affine; u64 nr_failed_migrations_running; u64 nr_failed_migrations_hot; u64 nr_forced_migrations; u64 nr_wakeups; u64 nr_wakeups_sync; u64 nr_wakeups_migrate; u64 nr_wakeups_local; u64 nr_wakeups_remote; u64 nr_wakeups_affine; u64 nr_wakeups_affine_attempts; u64 nr_wakeups_passive; u64 nr_wakeups_idle; #endif }; struct sched_entity { /* For load-balancing: */ struct load_weight load; struct rb_node run_node; struct list_head group_node; unsigned int on_rq; u64 exec_start; u64 sum_exec_runtime; u64 vruntime; u64 prev_sum_exec_runtime; u64 nr_migrations; struct sched_statistics statistics; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED int depth; struct sched_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct cfs_rq *my_q; /* cached value of my_q->h_nr_running */ unsigned long runnable_weight; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Per entity load average tracking. * * Put into separate cache line so it does not * collide with read-mostly values above. */ struct sched_avg avg; #endif }; struct sched_rt_entity { struct list_head run_list; unsigned long timeout; unsigned long watchdog_stamp; unsigned int time_slice; unsigned short on_rq; unsigned short on_list; struct sched_rt_entity *back; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED struct sched_rt_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct rt_rq *rt_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct rt_rq *my_q; #endif } __randomize_layout; struct sched_dl_entity { struct rb_node rb_node; /* * Original scheduling parameters. Copied here from sched_attr * during sched_setattr(), they will remain the same until * the next sched_setattr(). */ u64 dl_runtime; /* Maximum runtime for each instance */ u64 dl_deadline; /* Relative deadline of each instance */ u64 dl_period; /* Separation of two instances (period) */ u64 dl_bw; /* dl_runtime / dl_period */ u64 dl_density; /* dl_runtime / dl_deadline */ /* * Actual scheduling parameters. Initialized with the values above, * they are continuously updated during task execution. Note that * the remaining runtime could be < 0 in case we are in overrun. */ s64 runtime; /* Remaining runtime for this instance */ u64 deadline; /* Absolute deadline for this instance */ unsigned int flags; /* Specifying the scheduler behaviour */ /* * Some bool flags: * * @dl_throttled tells if we exhausted the runtime. If so, the * task has to wait for a replenishment to be performed at the * next firing of dl_timer. * * @dl_boosted tells if we are boosted due to DI. If so we are * outside bandwidth enforcement mechanism (but only until we * exit the critical section); * * @dl_yielded tells if task gave up the CPU before consuming * all its available runtime during the last job. * * @dl_non_contending tells if the task is inactive while still * contributing to the active utilization. In other words, it * indicates if the inactive timer has been armed and its handler * has not been executed yet. This flag is useful to avoid race * conditions between the inactive timer handler and the wakeup * code. * * @dl_overrun tells if the task asked to be informed about runtime * overruns. */ unsigned int dl_throttled : 1; unsigned int dl_yielded : 1; unsigned int dl_non_contending : 1; unsigned int dl_overrun : 1; /* * Bandwidth enforcement timer. Each -deadline task has its * own bandwidth to be enforced, thus we need one timer per task. */ struct hrtimer dl_timer; /* * Inactive timer, responsible for decreasing the active utilization * at the "0-lag time". When a -deadline task blocks, it contributes * to GRUB's active utilization until the "0-lag time", hence a * timer is needed to decrease the active utilization at the correct * time. */ struct hrtimer inactive_timer; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* * Priority Inheritance. When a DEADLINE scheduling entity is boosted * pi_se points to the donor, otherwise points to the dl_se it belongs * to (the original one/itself). */ struct sched_dl_entity *pi_se; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* Number of utilization clamp buckets (shorter alias) */ #define UCLAMP_BUCKETS CONFIG_UCLAMP_BUCKETS_COUNT /* * Utilization clamp for a scheduling entity * @value: clamp value "assigned" to a se * @bucket_id: bucket index corresponding to the "assigned" value * @active: the se is currently refcounted in a rq's bucket * @user_defined: the requested clamp value comes from user-space * * The bucket_id is the index of the clamp bucket matching the clamp value * which is pre-computed and stored to avoid expensive integer divisions from * the fast path. * * The active bit is set whenever a task has got an "effective" value assigned, * which can be different from the clamp value "requested" from user-space. * This allows to know a task is refcounted in the rq's bucket corresponding * to the "effective" bucket_id. * * The user_defined bit is set whenever a task has got a task-specific clamp * value requested from userspace, i.e. the system defaults apply to this task * just as a restriction. This allows to relax default clamps when a less * restrictive task-specific value has been requested, thus allowing to * implement a "nice" semantic. For example, a task running with a 20% * default boost can still drop its own boosting to 0%. */ struct uclamp_se { unsigned int value : bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE); unsigned int bucket_id : bits_per(UCLAMP_BUCKETS); unsigned int active : 1; unsigned int user_defined : 1; }; #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */ union rcu_special { struct { u8 blocked; u8 need_qs; u8 exp_hint; /* Hint for performance. */ u8 need_mb; /* Readers need smp_mb(). */ } b; /* Bits. */ u32 s; /* Set of bits. */ }; enum perf_event_task_context { perf_invalid_context = -1, perf_hw_context = 0, perf_sw_context, perf_nr_task_contexts, }; struct wake_q_node { struct wake_q_node *next; }; struct task_struct { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For reasons of header soup (see current_thread_info()), this * must be the first element of task_struct. */ struct thread_info thread_info; #endif /* -1 unrunnable, 0 runnable, >0 stopped: */ volatile long state; /* * This begins the randomizable portion of task_struct. Only * scheduling-critical items should be added above here. */ randomized_struct_fields_start void *stack; refcount_t usage; /* Per task flags (PF_*), defined further below: */ unsigned int flags; unsigned int ptrace; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int on_cpu; struct __call_single_node wake_entry; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* Current CPU: */ unsigned int cpu; #endif unsigned int wakee_flips; unsigned long wakee_flip_decay_ts; struct task_struct *last_wakee; /* * recent_used_cpu is initially set as the last CPU used by a task * that wakes affine another task. Waker/wakee relationships can * push tasks around a CPU where each wakeup moves to the next one. * Tracking a recently used CPU allows a quick search for a recently * used CPU that may be idle. */ int recent_used_cpu; int wake_cpu; #endif int on_rq; int prio; int static_prio; int normal_prio; unsigned int rt_priority; const struct sched_class *sched_class; struct sched_entity se; struct sched_rt_entity rt; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED struct task_group *sched_task_group; #endif struct sched_dl_entity dl; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* * Clamp values requested for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp_req[UCLAMP_CNT]; /* * Effective clamp values used for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS /* List of struct preempt_notifier: */ struct hlist_head preempt_notifiers; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE unsigned int btrace_seq; #endif unsigned int policy; int nr_cpus_allowed; const cpumask_t *cpus_ptr; cpumask_t cpus_mask; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU int rcu_read_lock_nesting; union rcu_special rcu_read_unlock_special; struct list_head rcu_node_entry; struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU unsigned long rcu_tasks_nvcsw; u8 rcu_tasks_holdout; u8 rcu_tasks_idx; int rcu_tasks_idle_cpu; struct list_head rcu_tasks_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU int trc_reader_nesting; int trc_ipi_to_cpu; union rcu_special trc_reader_special; bool trc_reader_checked; struct list_head trc_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU */ struct sched_info sched_info; struct list_head tasks; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct plist_node pushable_tasks; struct rb_node pushable_dl_tasks; #endif struct mm_struct *mm; struct mm_struct *active_mm; /* Per-thread vma caching: */ struct vmacache vmacache; #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING struct task_rss_stat rss_stat; #endif int exit_state; int exit_code; int exit_signal; /* The signal sent when the parent dies: */ int pdeath_signal; /* JOBCTL_*, siglock protected: */ unsigned long jobctl; /* Used for emulating ABI behavior of previous Linux versions: */ unsigned int personality; /* Scheduler bits, serialized by scheduler locks: */ unsigned sched_reset_on_fork:1; unsigned sched_contributes_to_load:1; unsigned sched_migrated:1; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI unsigned sched_psi_wake_requeue:1; #endif /* Force alignment to the next boundary: */ unsigned :0; /* Unserialized, strictly 'current' */ /* * This field must not be in the scheduler word above due to wakelist * queueing no longer being serialized by p->on_cpu. However: * * p->XXX = X; ttwu() * schedule() if (p->on_rq && ..) // false * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); if (smp_load_acquire(&p->on_cpu) && //true * deactivate_task() ttwu_queue_wakelist()) * p->on_rq = 0; p->sched_remote_wakeup = Y; * * guarantees all stores of 'current' are visible before * ->sched_remote_wakeup gets used, so it can be in this word. */ unsigned sched_remote_wakeup:1; /* Bit to tell LSMs we're in execve(): */ unsigned in_execve:1; unsigned in_iowait:1; #ifndef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK unsigned restore_sigmask:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG unsigned in_user_fault:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK unsigned brk_randomized:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* disallow userland-initiated cgroup migration */ unsigned no_cgroup_migration:1; /* task is frozen/stopped (used by the cgroup freezer) */ unsigned frozen:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP unsigned use_memdelay:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Stalled due to lack of memory */ unsigned in_memstall:1; #endif unsigned long atomic_flags; /* Flags requiring atomic access. */ struct restart_block restart_block; pid_t pid; pid_t tgid; #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* Canary value for the -fstack-protector GCC feature: */ unsigned long stack_canary; #endif /* * Pointers to the (original) parent process, youngest child, younger sibling, * older sibling, respectively. (p->father can be replaced with * p->real_parent->pid) */ /* Real parent process: */ struct task_struct __rcu *real_parent; /* Recipient of SIGCHLD, wait4() reports: */ struct task_struct __rcu *parent; /* * Children/sibling form the list of natural children: */ struct list_head children; struct list_head sibling; struct task_struct *group_leader; /* * 'ptraced' is the list of tasks this task is using ptrace() on. * * This includes both natural children and PTRACE_ATTACH targets. * 'ptrace_entry' is this task's link on the p->parent->ptraced list. */ struct list_head ptraced; struct list_head ptrace_entry; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *thread_pid; struct hlist_node pid_links[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct list_head thread_group; struct list_head thread_node; struct completion *vfork_done; /* CLONE_CHILD_SETTID: */ int __user *set_child_tid; /* CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID: */ int __user *clear_child_tid; u64 utime; u64 stime; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME u64 utimescaled; u64 stimescaled; #endif u64 gtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN struct vtime vtime; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif /* Context switch counts: */ unsigned long nvcsw; unsigned long nivcsw; /* Monotonic time in nsecs: */ u64 start_time; /* Boot based time in nsecs: */ u64 start_boottime; /* MM fault and swap info: this can arguably be seen as either mm-specific or thread-specific: */ unsigned long min_flt; unsigned long maj_flt; /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_CPUTIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_CPU_TIMERS_TASK_WORK struct posix_cputimers_work posix_cputimers_work; #endif /* Process credentials: */ /* Tracer's credentials at attach: */ const struct cred __rcu *ptracer_cred; /* Objective and real subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *real_cred; /* Effective (overridable) subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *cred; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* Cached requested key. */ struct key *cached_requested_key; #endif /* * executable name, excluding path. * * - normally initialized setup_new_exec() * - access it with [gs]et_task_comm() * - lock it with task_lock() */ char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; struct nameidata *nameidata; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC struct sysv_sem sysvsem; struct sysv_shm sysvshm; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK unsigned long last_switch_count; unsigned long last_switch_time; #endif /* Filesystem information: */ struct fs_struct *fs; /* Open file information: */ struct files_struct *files; #ifdef CONFIG_IO_URING struct io_uring_task *io_uring; #endif /* Namespaces: */ struct nsproxy *nsproxy; /* Signal handlers: */ struct signal_struct *signal; struct sighand_struct __rcu *sighand; sigset_t blocked; sigset_t real_blocked; /* Restored if set_restore_sigmask() was used: */ sigset_t saved_sigmask; struct sigpending pending; unsigned long sas_ss_sp; size_t sas_ss_size; unsigned int sas_ss_flags; struct callback_head *task_works; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_context *audit_context; #endif kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; #endif struct seccomp seccomp; /* Thread group tracking: */ u64 parent_exec_id; u64 self_exec_id; /* Protection against (de-)allocation: mm, files, fs, tty, keyrings, mems_allowed, mempolicy: */ spinlock_t alloc_lock; /* Protection of the PI data structures: */ raw_spinlock_t pi_lock; struct wake_q_node wake_q; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* PI waiters blocked on a rt_mutex held by this task: */ struct rb_root_cached pi_waiters; /* Updated under owner's pi_lock and rq lock */ struct task_struct *pi_top_task; /* Deadlock detection and priority inheritance handling: */ struct rt_mutex_waiter *pi_blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES /* Mutex deadlock detection: */ struct mutex_waiter *blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP int non_block_count; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events irqtrace; unsigned int hardirq_threaded; u64 hardirq_chain_key; int softirqs_enabled; int softirq_context; int irq_config; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define MAX_LOCK_DEPTH 48UL u64 curr_chain_key; int lockdep_depth; unsigned int lockdep_recursion; struct held_lock held_locks[MAX_LOCK_DEPTH]; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_UBSAN) && !defined(CONFIG_UBSAN_TRAP) unsigned int in_ubsan; #endif /* Journalling filesystem info: */ void *journal_info; /* Stacked block device info: */ struct bio_list *bio_list; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK /* Stack plugging: */ struct blk_plug *plug; #endif /* VM state: */ struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state; struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; struct io_context *io_context; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION struct capture_control *capture_control; #endif /* Ptrace state: */ unsigned long ptrace_message; kernel_siginfo_t *last_siginfo; struct task_io_accounting ioac; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Pressure stall state */ unsigned int psi_flags; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT /* Accumulated RSS usage: */ u64 acct_rss_mem1; /* Accumulated virtual memory usage: */ u64 acct_vm_mem1; /* stime + utime since last update: */ u64 acct_timexpd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* Protected by ->alloc_lock: */ nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* Seqence number to catch updates: */ seqcount_spinlock_t mems_allowed_seq; int cpuset_mem_spread_rotor; int cpuset_slab_spread_rotor; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* Control Group info protected by css_set_lock: */ struct css_set __rcu *cgroups; /* cg_list protected by css_set_lock and tsk->alloc_lock: */ struct list_head cg_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CPU_RESCTRL u32 closid; u32 rmid; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX struct robust_list_head __user *robust_list; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_robust_list_head __user *compat_robust_list; #endif struct list_head pi_state_list; struct futex_pi_state *pi_state_cache; struct mutex futex_exit_mutex; unsigned int futex_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event_context *perf_event_ctxp[perf_nr_task_contexts]; struct mutex perf_event_mutex; struct list_head perf_event_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT unsigned long preempt_disable_ip; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* Protected by alloc_lock: */ struct mempolicy *mempolicy; short il_prev; short pref_node_fork; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING int numa_scan_seq; unsigned int numa_scan_period; unsigned int numa_scan_period_max; int numa_preferred_nid; unsigned long numa_migrate_retry; /* Migration stamp: */ u64 node_stamp; u64 last_task_numa_placement; u64 last_sum_exec_runtime; struct callback_head numa_work; /* * This pointer is only modified for current in syscall and * pagefault context (and for tasks being destroyed), so it can be read * from any of the following contexts: * - RCU read-side critical section * - current->numa_group from everywhere * - task's runqueue locked, task not running */ struct numa_group __rcu *numa_group; /* * numa_faults is an array split into four regions: * faults_memory, faults_cpu, faults_memory_buffer, faults_cpu_buffer * in this precise order. * * faults_memory: Exponential decaying average of faults on a per-node * basis. Scheduling placement decisions are made based on these * counts. The values remain static for the duration of a PTE scan. * faults_cpu: Track the nodes the process was running on when a NUMA * hinting fault was incurred. * faults_memory_buffer and faults_cpu_buffer: Record faults per node * during the current scan window. When the scan completes, the counts * in faults_memory and faults_cpu decay and these values are copied. */ unsigned long *numa_faults; unsigned long total_numa_faults; /* * numa_faults_locality tracks if faults recorded during the last * scan window were remote/local or failed to migrate. The task scan * period is adapted based on the locality of the faults with different * weights depending on whether they were shared or private faults */ unsigned long numa_faults_locality[3]; unsigned long numa_pages_migrated; #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ struct rseq __user *rseq; u32 rseq_sig; /* * RmW on rseq_event_mask must be performed atomically * with respect to preemption. */ unsigned long rseq_event_mask; #endif struct tlbflush_unmap_batch tlb_ubc; union { refcount_t rcu_users; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* Cache last used pipe for splice(): */ struct pipe_inode_info *splice_pipe; struct page_frag task_frag; #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info *delays; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION int make_it_fail; unsigned int fail_nth; #endif /* * When (nr_dirtied >= nr_dirtied_pause), it's time to call * balance_dirty_pages() for a dirty throttling pause: */ int nr_dirtied; int nr_dirtied_pause; /* Start of a write-and-pause period: */ unsigned long dirty_paused_when; #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP int latency_record_count; struct latency_record latency_record[LT_SAVECOUNT]; #endif /* * Time slack values; these are used to round up poll() and * select() etc timeout values. These are in nanoseconds. */ u64 timer_slack_ns; u64 default_timer_slack_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN unsigned int kasan_depth; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KCSAN struct kcsan_ctx kcsan_ctx; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events kcsan_save_irqtrace; #endif #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KUNIT) struct kunit *kunit_test; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER /* Index of current stored address in ret_stack: */ int curr_ret_stack; int curr_ret_depth; /* Stack of return addresses for return function tracing: */ struct ftrace_ret_stack *ret_stack; /* Timestamp for last schedule: */ unsigned long long ftrace_timestamp; /* * Number of functions that haven't been traced * because of depth overrun: */ atomic_t trace_overrun; /* Pause tracing: */ atomic_t tracing_graph_pause; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING /* State flags for use by tracers: */ unsigned long trace; /* Bitmask and counter of trace recursion: */ unsigned long trace_recursion; #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KCOV /* See kernel/kcov.c for more details. */ /* Coverage collection mode enabled for this task (0 if disabled): */ unsigned int kcov_mode; /* Size of the kcov_area: */ unsigned int kcov_size; /* Buffer for coverage collection: */ void *kcov_area; /* KCOV descriptor wired with this task or NULL: */ struct kcov *kcov; /* KCOV common handle for remote coverage collection: */ u64 kcov_handle; /* KCOV sequence number: */ int kcov_sequence; /* Collect coverage from softirq context: */ unsigned int kcov_softirq; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct mem_cgroup *memcg_in_oom; gfp_t memcg_oom_gfp_mask; int memcg_oom_order; /* Number of pages to reclaim on returning to userland: */ unsigned int memcg_nr_pages_over_high; /* Used by memcontrol for targeted memcg charge: */ struct mem_cgroup *active_memcg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP struct request_queue *throttle_queue; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES struct uprobe_task *utask; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_BCACHE) || defined(CONFIG_BCACHE_MODULE) unsigned int sequential_io; unsigned int sequential_io_avg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP unsigned long task_state_change; #endif int pagefault_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* A live task holds one reference: */ refcount_t stack_refcount; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH int patch_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY /* Used by LSM modules for access restriction: */ void *security; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK unsigned long lowest_stack; unsigned long prev_lowest_stack; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE void __user *mce_vaddr; __u64 mce_kflags; u64 mce_addr; __u64 mce_ripv : 1, mce_whole_page : 1, __mce_reserved : 62; struct callback_head mce_kill_me; int mce_count; #endif /* * New fields for task_struct should be added above here, so that * they are included in the randomized portion of task_struct. */ randomized_struct_fields_end /* CPU-specific state of this task: */ struct thread_struct thread; /* * WARNING: on x86, 'thread_struct' contains a variable-sized * structure. It *MUST* be at the end of 'task_struct'. * * Do not put anything below here! */ }; static inline struct pid *task_pid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->thread_pid; } /* * the helpers to get the task's different pids as they are seen * from various namespaces * * task_xid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * task_xid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * task_xid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified; * * see also pid_nr() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ pid_t __task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid_namespace *ns); static inline pid_t task_pid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->pid; } static inline pid_t task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->tgid; } /** * pid_alive - check that a task structure is not stale * @p: Task structure to be checked. * * Test if a process is not yet dead (at most zombie state) * If pid_alive fails, then pointers within the task structure * can be stale and must not be dereferenced. * * Return: 1 if the process is alive. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int pid_alive(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->thread_pid != NULL; } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_session_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_session_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr_ns(const struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { pid_t pid = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (pid_alive(tsk)) pid = task_tgid_nr_ns(rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent), ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr(const struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_ppid_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } /* Obsolete, do not use: */ static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_pgrp_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } #define TASK_REPORT_IDLE (TASK_REPORT + 1) #define TASK_REPORT_MAX (TASK_REPORT_IDLE << 1) static inline unsigned int task_state_index(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned int tsk_state = READ_ONCE(tsk->state); unsigned int state = (tsk_state | tsk->exit_state) & TASK_REPORT; BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(TASK_REPORT_MAX); if (tsk_state == TASK_IDLE) state = TASK_REPORT_IDLE; return fls(state); } static inline char task_index_to_char(unsigned int state) { static const char state_char[] = "RSDTtXZPI"; BUILD_BUG_ON(1 + ilog2(TASK_REPORT_MAX) != sizeof(state_char) - 1); return state_char[state]; } static inline char task_state_to_char(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_index_to_char(task_state_index(tsk)); } /** * is_global_init - check if a task structure is init. Since init * is free to have sub-threads we need to check tgid. * @tsk: Task structure to be checked. * * Check if a task structure is the first user space task the kernel created. * * Return: 1 if the task structure is init. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int is_global_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_tgid_nr(tsk) == 1; } extern struct pid *cad_pid; /* * Per process flags */ #define PF_VCPU 0x00000001 /* I'm a virtual CPU */ #define PF_IDLE 0x00000002 /* I am an IDLE thread */ #define PF_EXITING 0x00000004 /* Getting shut down */ #define PF_IO_WORKER 0x00000010 /* Task is an IO worker */ #define PF_WQ_WORKER 0x00000020 /* I'm a workqueue worker */ #define PF_FORKNOEXEC 0x00000040 /* Forked but didn't exec */ #define PF_MCE_PROCESS 0x00000080 /* Process policy on mce errors */ #define PF_SUPERPRIV 0x00000100 /* Used super-user privileges */ #define PF_DUMPCORE 0x00000200 /* Dumped core */ #define PF_SIGNALED 0x00000400 /* Killed by a signal */ #define PF_MEMALLOC 0x00000800 /* Allocating memory */ #define PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED 0x00001000 /* set_user() noticed that RLIMIT_NPROC was exceeded */ #define PF_USED_MATH 0x00002000 /* If unset the fpu must be initialized before use */ #define PF_USED_ASYNC 0x00004000 /* Used async_schedule*(), used by module init */ #define PF_NOFREEZE 0x00008000 /* This thread should not be frozen */ #define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* Frozen for system suspend */ #define PF_KSWAPD 0x00020000 /* I am kswapd */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS 0x00040000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOFS */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO 0x00080000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOIO */ #define PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE 0x00100000 /* Throttle writes only against the bdi I write to, * I am cleaning dirty pages from some other bdi. */ #define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000 /* I am a kernel thread */ #define PF_RANDOMIZE 0x00400000 /* Randomize virtual address space */ #define PF_SWAPWRITE 0x00800000 /* Allowed to write to swap */ #define PF_NO_SETAFFINITY 0x04000000 /* Userland is not allowed to meddle with cpus_mask */ #define PF_MCE_EARLY 0x08000000 /* Early kill for mce process policy */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA 0x10000000 /* All allocation request will have _GFP_MOVABLE cleared */ #define PF_FREEZER_SKIP 0x40000000 /* Freezer should not count it as freezable */ #define PF_SUSPEND_TASK 0x80000000 /* This thread called freeze_processes() and should not be frozen */ /* * Only the _current_ task can read/write to tsk->flags, but other * tasks can access tsk->flags in readonly mode for example * with tsk_used_math (like during threaded core dumping). * There is however an exception to this rule during ptrace * or during fork: the ptracer task is allowed to write to the * child->flags of its traced child (same goes for fork, the parent * can write to the child->flags), because we're guaranteed the * child is not running and in turn not changing child->flags * at the same time the parent does it. */ #define clear_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define set_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags |= PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define clear_used_math() clear_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define set_used_math() set_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= (condition) ? PF_USED_MATH : 0; } while (0) #define conditional_used_math(condition) conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, current) #define copy_to_stopped_child_used_math(child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= current->flags & PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) /* NOTE: this will return 0 or PF_USED_MATH, it will never return 1 */ #define tsk_used_math(p) ((p)->flags & PF_USED_MATH) #define used_math() tsk_used_math(current) static __always_inline bool is_percpu_thread(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return (current->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY) && (current->nr_cpus_allowed == 1); #else return true; #endif } /* Per-process atomic flags. */ #define PFA_NO_NEW_PRIVS 0 /* May not gain new privileges. */ #define PFA_SPREAD_PAGE 1 /* Spread page cache over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPREAD_SLAB 2 /* Spread some slab caches over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_DISABLE 3 /* Speculative Store Bypass disabled */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE 4 /* Speculative Store Bypass force disabled*/ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_DISABLE 5 /* Indirect branch speculation restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE 6 /* Indirect branch speculation permanently restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC 7 /* Speculative Store Bypass clear on execve() */ #define TASK_PFA_TEST(name, func) \ static inline bool task_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { return test_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_SET(name, func) \ static inline void task_set_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { set_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_CLEAR(name, func) \ static inline void task_clear_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { clear_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } TASK_PFA_TEST(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_SET(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) static inline void current_restore_flags(unsigned long orig_flags, unsigned long flags) { current->flags &= ~flags; current->flags |= orig_flags & flags; } extern int cpuset_cpumask_can_shrink(const struct cpumask *cur, const struct cpumask *trial); extern int task_can_attach(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *cs_cpus_allowed); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); #else static inline void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { } static inline int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { if (!cpumask_test_cpu(0, new_mask)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } #endif extern int yield_to(struct task_struct *p, bool preempt); extern void set_user_nice(struct task_struct *p, long nice); extern int task_prio(const struct task_struct *p); /** * task_nice - return the nice value of a given task. * @p: the task in question. * * Return: The nice value [ -20 ... 0 ... 19 ]. */ static inline int task_nice(const struct task_struct *p) { return PRIO_TO_NICE((p)->static_prio); } extern int can_nice(const struct task_struct *p, const int nice); extern int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p); extern int idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int available_idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int sched_setscheduler(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern int sched_setscheduler_nocheck(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern void sched_set_fifo(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_fifo_low(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_normal(struct task_struct *p, int nice); extern int sched_setattr(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern int sched_setattr_nocheck(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern struct task_struct *idle_task(int cpu); /** * is_idle_task - is the specified task an idle task? * @p: the task in question. * * Return: 1 if @p is an idle task. 0 otherwise. */ static __always_inline bool is_idle_task(const struct task_struct *p) { return !!(p->flags & PF_IDLE); } extern struct task_struct *curr_task(int cpu); extern void ia64_set_curr_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p); void yield(void); union thread_union { #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ON_STACK struct task_struct task; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK struct thread_info thread_info; #endif unsigned long stack[THREAD_SIZE/sizeof(long)]; }; #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK extern struct thread_info init_thread_info; #endif extern unsigned long init_stack[THREAD_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)]; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK static inline struct thread_info *task_thread_info(struct task_struct *task) { return &task->thread_info; } #elif !defined(__HAVE_THREAD_FUNCTIONS) # define task_thread_info(task) ((struct thread_info *)(task)->stack) #endif /* * find a task by one of its numerical ids * * find_task_by_pid_ns(): * finds a task by its pid in the specified namespace * find_task_by_vpid(): * finds a task by its virtual pid * * see also find_vpid() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * find a task by its virtual pid and get the task struct */ extern struct task_struct *find_get_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned int state); extern int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void __set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from, bool exec); static inline void set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from) { __set_task_comm(tsk, from, false); } extern char *__get_task_comm(char *to, size_t len, struct task_struct *tsk); #define get_task_comm(buf, tsk) ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(buf) != TASK_COMM_LEN); \ __get_task_comm(buf, sizeof(buf), tsk); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static __always_inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { /* * Fold TIF_NEED_RESCHED into the preempt_count; anybody setting * TIF_NEED_RESCHED remotely (for the first time) will also send * this IPI. */ preempt_fold_need_resched(); } extern unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *, long match_state); #else static inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { } static inline unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *p, long match_state) { return 1; } #endif /* * Set thread flags in other task's structures. * See asm/thread_info.h for TIF_xxxx flags available: */ static inline void set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void update_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag, bool value) { update_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag, value); } static inline int test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void set_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline void clear_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline int test_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED)); } /* * cond_resched() and cond_resched_lock(): latency reduction via * explicit rescheduling in places that are safe. The return * value indicates whether a reschedule was done in fact. * cond_resched_lock() will drop the spinlock before scheduling, */ #ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern int _cond_resched(void); #else static inline int _cond_resched(void) { return 0; } #endif #define cond_resched() ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); \ _cond_resched(); \ }) extern int __cond_resched_lock(spinlock_t *lock); #define cond_resched_lock(lock) ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET);\ __cond_resched_lock(lock); \ }) static inline void cond_resched_rcu(void) { #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) || !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) rcu_read_unlock(); cond_resched(); rcu_read_lock(); #endif } /* * Does a critical section need to be broken due to another * task waiting?: (technically does not depend on CONFIG_PREEMPTION, * but a general need for low latency) */ static inline int spin_needbreak(spinlock_t *lock) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION return spin_is_contended(lock); #else return 0; #endif } static __always_inline bool need_resched(void) { return unlikely(tif_need_resched()); } /* * Wrappers for p->thread_info->cpu access. No-op on UP. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK return READ_ONCE(p->cpu); #else return READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(p)->cpu); #endif } extern void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu); #else static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * In order to reduce various lock holder preemption latencies provide an * interface to see if a vCPU is currently running or not. * * This allows us to terminate optimistic spin loops and block, analogous to * the native optimistic spin heuristic of testing if the lock owner task is * running or not. */ #ifndef vcpu_is_preempted static inline bool vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu) { return false; } #endif extern long sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern long sched_getaffinity(pid_t pid, struct cpumask *mask); #ifndef TASK_SIZE_OF #define TASK_SIZE_OF(tsk) TASK_SIZE #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ /* * Map the event mask on the user-space ABI enum rseq_cs_flags * for direct mask checks. */ enum rseq_event_mask_bits { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE_BIT, }; enum rseq_event_mask { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT), }; static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { if (t->rseq) set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); } void __rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *sig, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (current->rseq) __rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { preempt_disable(); __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT, &current->rseq_event_mask); preempt_enable(); rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } /* rseq_preempt() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* rseq_migrate() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* * If parent process has a registered restartable sequences area, the * child inherits. Unregister rseq for a clone with CLONE_VM set. */ static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } else { t->rseq = current->rseq; t->rseq_sig = current->rseq_sig; t->rseq_event_mask = current->rseq_event_mask; } } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } #else static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RSEQ void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs) { } #endif const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_cfs_rq_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); char *sched_trace_cfs_rq_path(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, char *str, int len); int sched_trace_cfs_rq_cpu(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_rt(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_dl(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_irq(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu_capacity(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_nr_running(struct rq *rq); const struct cpumask *sched_trace_rd_span(struct root_domain *rd); #endif
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2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Linux Socket Filter - Kernel level socket filtering * * Based on the design of the Berkeley Packet Filter. The new * internal format has been designed by PLUMgrid: * * Copyright (c) 2011 - 2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com * * Authors: * * Jay Schulist <jschlst@samba.org> * Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> * Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> * * Andi Kleen - Fix a few bad bugs and races. * Kris Katterjohn - Added many additional checks in bpf_check_classic() */ #include <uapi/linux/btf.h> #include <linux/filter.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/bpf.h> #include <linux/btf.h> #include <linux/objtool.h> #include <linux/rbtree_latch.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/extable.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> /* Registers */ #define BPF_R0 regs[BPF_REG_0] #define BPF_R1 regs[BPF_REG_1] #define BPF_R2 regs[BPF_REG_2] #define BPF_R3 regs[BPF_REG_3] #define BPF_R4 regs[BPF_REG_4] #define BPF_R5 regs[BPF_REG_5] #define BPF_R6 regs[BPF_REG_6] #define BPF_R7 regs[BPF_REG_7] #define BPF_R8 regs[BPF_REG_8] #define BPF_R9 regs[BPF_REG_9] #define BPF_R10 regs[BPF_REG_10] /* Named registers */ #define DST regs[insn->dst_reg] #define SRC regs[insn->src_reg] #define FP regs[BPF_REG_FP] #define AX regs[BPF_REG_AX] #define ARG1 regs[BPF_REG_ARG1] #define CTX regs[BPF_REG_CTX] #define IMM insn->imm /* No hurry in this branch * * Exported for the bpf jit load helper. */ void *bpf_internal_load_pointer_neg_helper(const struct sk_buff *skb, int k, unsigned int size) { u8 *ptr = NULL; if (k >= SKF_NET_OFF) ptr = skb_network_header(skb) + k - SKF_NET_OFF; else if (k >= SKF_LL_OFF) ptr = skb_mac_header(skb) + k - SKF_LL_OFF; if (ptr >= skb->head && ptr + size <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return ptr; return NULL; } struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc_no_stats(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog_aux *aux; struct bpf_prog *fp; size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE); fp = __vmalloc(size, gfp_flags); if (fp == NULL) return NULL; aux = kzalloc(sizeof(*aux), GFP_KERNEL | gfp_extra_flags); if (aux == NULL) { vfree(fp); return NULL; } fp->pages = size / PAGE_SIZE; fp->aux = aux; fp->aux->prog = fp; fp->jit_requested = ebpf_jit_enabled(); INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(&fp->aux->ksym.lnode); mutex_init(&fp->aux->used_maps_mutex); mutex_init(&fp->aux->dst_mutex); return fp; } struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog *prog; int cpu; prog = bpf_prog_alloc_no_stats(size, gfp_extra_flags); if (!prog) return NULL; prog->aux->stats = alloc_percpu_gfp(struct bpf_prog_stats, gfp_flags); if (!prog->aux->stats) { kfree(prog->aux); vfree(prog); return NULL; } for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct bpf_prog_stats *pstats; pstats = per_cpu_ptr(prog->aux->stats, cpu); u64_stats_init(&pstats->syncp); } return prog; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_alloc); int bpf_prog_alloc_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { if (!prog->aux->nr_linfo || !prog->jit_requested) return 0; prog->aux->jited_linfo = kcalloc(prog->aux->nr_linfo, sizeof(*prog->aux->jited_linfo), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!prog->aux->jited_linfo) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } void bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { kfree(prog->aux->jited_linfo); prog->aux->jited_linfo = NULL; } void bpf_prog_free_unused_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { if (prog->aux->jited_linfo && !prog->aux->jited_linfo[0]) bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(prog); } /* The jit engine is responsible to provide an array * for insn_off to the jited_off mapping (insn_to_jit_off). * * The idx to this array is the insn_off. Hence, the insn_off * here is relative to the prog itself instead of the main prog. * This array has one entry for each xlated bpf insn. * * jited_off is the byte off to the last byte of the jited insn. * * Hence, with * insn_start: * The first bpf insn off of the prog. The insn off * here is relative to the main prog. * e.g. if prog is a subprog, insn_start > 0 * linfo_idx: * The prog's idx to prog->aux->linfo and jited_linfo * * jited_linfo[linfo_idx] = prog->bpf_func * * For i > linfo_idx, * * jited_linfo[i] = prog->bpf_func + * insn_to_jit_off[linfo[i].insn_off - insn_start - 1] */ void bpf_prog_fill_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog, const u32 *insn_to_jit_off) { u32 linfo_idx, insn_start, insn_end, nr_linfo, i; const struct bpf_line_info *linfo; void **jited_linfo; if (!prog->aux->jited_linfo) /* Userspace did not provide linfo */ return; linfo_idx = prog->aux->linfo_idx; linfo = &prog->aux->linfo[linfo_idx]; insn_start = linfo[0].insn_off; insn_end = insn_start + prog->len; jited_linfo = &prog->aux->jited_linfo[linfo_idx]; jited_linfo[0] = prog->bpf_func; nr_linfo = prog->aux->nr_linfo - linfo_idx; for (i = 1; i < nr_linfo && linfo[i].insn_off < insn_end; i++) /* The verifier ensures that linfo[i].insn_off is * strictly increasing */ jited_linfo[i] = prog->bpf_func + insn_to_jit_off[linfo[i].insn_off - insn_start - 1]; } void bpf_prog_free_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog) { bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(prog); kvfree(prog->aux->linfo); } struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_realloc(struct bpf_prog *fp_old, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog *fp; u32 pages, delta; int ret; size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE); pages = size / PAGE_SIZE; if (pages <= fp_old->pages) return fp_old; delta = pages - fp_old->pages; ret = __bpf_prog_charge(fp_old->aux->user, delta); if (ret) return NULL; fp = __vmalloc(size, gfp_flags); if (fp == NULL) { __bpf_prog_uncharge(fp_old->aux->user, delta); } else { memcpy(fp, fp_old, fp_old->pages * PAGE_SIZE); fp->pages = pages; fp->aux->prog = fp; /* We keep fp->aux from fp_old around in the new * reallocated structure. */ fp_old->aux = NULL; __bpf_prog_free(fp_old); } return fp; } void __bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (fp->aux) { mutex_destroy(&fp->aux->used_maps_mutex); mutex_destroy(&fp->aux->dst_mutex); free_percpu(fp->aux->stats); kfree(fp->aux->poke_tab); kfree(fp->aux); } vfree(fp); } int bpf_prog_calc_tag(struct bpf_prog *fp) { const u32 bits_offset = SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE - sizeof(__be64); u32 raw_size = bpf_prog_tag_scratch_size(fp); u32 digest[SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS]; u32 ws[SHA1_WORKSPACE_WORDS]; u32 i, bsize, psize, blocks; struct bpf_insn *dst; bool was_ld_map; u8 *raw, *todo; __be32 *result; __be64 *bits; raw = vmalloc(raw_size); if (!raw) return -ENOMEM; sha1_init(digest); memset(ws, 0, sizeof(ws)); /* We need to take out the map fd for the digest calculation * since they are unstable from user space side. */ dst = (void *)raw; for (i = 0, was_ld_map = false; i < fp->len; i++) { dst[i] = fp->insnsi[i]; if (!was_ld_map && dst[i].code == (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW) && (dst[i].src_reg == BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD || dst[i].src_reg == BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_VALUE)) { was_ld_map = true; dst[i].imm = 0; } else if (was_ld_map && dst[i].code == 0 && dst[i].dst_reg == 0 && dst[i].src_reg == 0 && dst[i].off == 0) { was_ld_map = false; dst[i].imm = 0; } else { was_ld_map = false; } } psize = bpf_prog_insn_size(fp); memset(&raw[psize], 0, raw_size - psize); raw[psize++] = 0x80; bsize = round_up(psize, SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE); blocks = bsize / SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE; todo = raw; if (bsize - psize >= sizeof(__be64)) { bits = (__be64 *)(todo + bsize - sizeof(__be64)); } else { bits = (__be64 *)(todo + bsize + bits_offset); blocks++; } *bits = cpu_to_be64((psize - 1) << 3); while (blocks--) { sha1_transform(digest, todo, ws); todo += SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE; } result = (__force __be32 *)digest; for (i = 0; i < SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS; i++) result[i] = cpu_to_be32(digest[i]); memcpy(fp->tag, result, sizeof(fp->tag)); vfree(raw); return 0; } static int bpf_adj_delta_to_imm(struct bpf_insn *insn, u32 pos, s32 end_old, s32 end_new, s32 curr, const bool probe_pass) { const s64 imm_min = S32_MIN, imm_max = S32_MAX; s32 delta = end_new - end_old; s64 imm = insn->imm; if (curr < pos && curr + imm + 1 >= end_old) imm += delta; else if (curr >= end_new && curr + imm + 1 < end_new) imm -= delta; if (imm < imm_min || imm > imm_max) return -ERANGE; if (!probe_pass) insn->imm = imm; return 0; } static int bpf_adj_delta_to_off(struct bpf_insn *insn, u32 pos, s32 end_old, s32 end_new, s32 curr, const bool probe_pass) { const s32 off_min = S16_MIN, off_max = S16_MAX; s32 delta = end_new - end_old; s32 off = insn->off; if (curr < pos && curr + off + 1 >= end_old) off += delta; else if (curr >= end_new && curr + off + 1 < end_new) off -= delta; if (off < off_min || off > off_max) return -ERANGE; if (!probe_pass) insn->off = off; return 0; } static int bpf_adj_branches(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 pos, s32 end_old, s32 end_new, const bool probe_pass) { u32 i, insn_cnt = prog->len + (probe_pass ? end_new - end_old : 0); struct bpf_insn *insn = prog->insnsi; int ret = 0; for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++, insn++) { u8 code; /* In the probing pass we still operate on the original, * unpatched image in order to check overflows before we * do any other adjustments. Therefore skip the patchlet. */ if (probe_pass && i == pos) { i = end_new; insn = prog->insnsi + end_old; } code = insn->code; if ((BPF_CLASS(code) != BPF_JMP && BPF_CLASS(code) != BPF_JMP32) || BPF_OP(code) == BPF_EXIT) continue; /* Adjust offset of jmps if we cross patch boundaries. */ if (BPF_OP(code) == BPF_CALL) { if (insn->src_reg != BPF_PSEUDO_CALL) continue; ret = bpf_adj_delta_to_imm(insn, pos, end_old, end_new, i, probe_pass); } else { ret = bpf_adj_delta_to_off(insn, pos, end_old, end_new, i, probe_pass); } if (ret) break; } return ret; } static void bpf_adj_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, u32 delta) { struct bpf_line_info *linfo; u32 i, nr_linfo; nr_linfo = prog->aux->nr_linfo; if (!nr_linfo || !delta) return; linfo = prog->aux->linfo; for (i = 0; i < nr_linfo; i++) if (off < linfo[i].insn_off) break; /* Push all off < linfo[i].insn_off by delta */ for (; i < nr_linfo; i++) linfo[i].insn_off += delta; } struct bpf_prog *bpf_patch_insn_single(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, const struct bpf_insn *patch, u32 len) { u32 insn_adj_cnt, insn_rest, insn_delta = len - 1; const u32 cnt_max = S16_MAX; struct bpf_prog *prog_adj; int err; /* Since our patchlet doesn't expand the image, we're done. */ if (insn_delta == 0) { memcpy(prog->insnsi + off, patch, sizeof(*patch)); return prog; } insn_adj_cnt = prog->len + insn_delta; /* Reject anything that would potentially let the insn->off * target overflow when we have excessive program expansions. * We need to probe here before we do any reallocation where * we afterwards may not fail anymore. */ if (insn_adj_cnt > cnt_max && (err = bpf_adj_branches(prog, off, off + 1, off + len, true))) return ERR_PTR(err); /* Several new instructions need to be inserted. Make room * for them. Likely, there's no need for a new allocation as * last page could have large enough tailroom. */ prog_adj = bpf_prog_realloc(prog, bpf_prog_size(insn_adj_cnt), GFP_USER); if (!prog_adj) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); prog_adj->len = insn_adj_cnt; /* Patching happens in 3 steps: * * 1) Move over tail of insnsi from next instruction onwards, * so we can patch the single target insn with one or more * new ones (patching is always from 1 to n insns, n > 0). * 2) Inject new instructions at the target location. * 3) Adjust branch offsets if necessary. */ insn_rest = insn_adj_cnt - off - len; memmove(prog_adj->insnsi + off + len, prog_adj->insnsi + off + 1, sizeof(*patch) * insn_rest); memcpy(prog_adj->insnsi + off, patch, sizeof(*patch) * len); /* We are guaranteed to not fail at this point, otherwise * the ship has sailed to reverse to the original state. An * overflow cannot happen at this point. */ BUG_ON(bpf_adj_branches(prog_adj, off, off + 1, off + len, false)); bpf_adj_linfo(prog_adj, off, insn_delta); return prog_adj; } int bpf_remove_insns(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, u32 cnt) { /* Branch offsets can't overflow when program is shrinking, no need * to call bpf_adj_branches(..., true) here */ memmove(prog->insnsi + off, prog->insnsi + off + cnt, sizeof(struct bpf_insn) * (prog->len - off - cnt)); prog->len -= cnt; return WARN_ON_ONCE(bpf_adj_branches(prog, off, off + cnt, off, false)); } static void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del_subprogs(struct bpf_prog *fp) { int i; for (i = 0; i < fp->aux->func_cnt; i++) bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(fp->aux->func[i]); } void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del_all(struct bpf_prog *fp) { bpf_prog_kallsyms_del_subprogs(fp); bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(fp); } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_JIT /* All BPF JIT sysctl knobs here. */ int bpf_jit_enable __read_mostly = IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_BPF_JIT_DEFAULT_ON); int bpf_jit_kallsyms __read_mostly = IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_BPF_JIT_DEFAULT_ON); int bpf_jit_harden __read_mostly; long bpf_jit_limit __read_mostly; static void bpf_prog_ksym_set_addr(struct bpf_prog *prog) { const struct bpf_binary_header *hdr = bpf_jit_binary_hdr(prog); unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)hdr; WARN_ON_ONCE(!bpf_prog_ebpf_jited(prog)); prog->aux->ksym.start = (unsigned long) prog->bpf_func; prog->aux->ksym.end = addr + hdr->pages * PAGE_SIZE; } static void bpf_prog_ksym_set_name(struct bpf_prog *prog) { char *sym = prog->aux->ksym.name; const char *end = sym + KSYM_NAME_LEN; const struct btf_type *type; const char *func_name; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof("bpf_prog_") + sizeof(prog->tag) * 2 + /* name has been null terminated. * We should need +1 for the '_' preceding * the name. However, the null character * is double counted between the name and the * sizeof("bpf_prog_") above, so we omit * the +1 here. */ sizeof(prog->aux->name) > KSYM_NAME_LEN); sym += snprintf(sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN, "bpf_prog_"); sym = bin2hex(sym, prog->tag, sizeof(prog->tag)); /* prog->aux->name will be ignored if full btf name is available */ if (prog->aux->func_info_cnt) { type = btf_type_by_id(prog->aux->btf, prog->aux->func_info[prog->aux->func_idx].type_id); func_name = btf_name_by_offset(prog->aux->btf, type->name_off); snprintf(sym, (size_t)(end - sym), "_%s", func_name); return; } if (prog->aux->name[0]) snprintf(sym, (size_t)(end - sym), "_%s", prog->aux->name); else *sym = 0; } static unsigned long bpf_get_ksym_start(struct latch_tree_node *n) { return container_of(n, struct bpf_ksym, tnode)->start; } static __always_inline bool bpf_tree_less(struct latch_tree_node *a, struct latch_tree_node *b) { return bpf_get_ksym_start(a) < bpf_get_ksym_start(b); } static __always_inline int bpf_tree_comp(void *key, struct latch_tree_node *n) { unsigned long val = (unsigned long)key; const struct bpf_ksym *ksym; ksym = container_of(n, struct bpf_ksym, tnode); if (val < ksym->start) return -1; if (val >= ksym->end) return 1; return 0; } static const struct latch_tree_ops bpf_tree_ops = { .less = bpf_tree_less, .comp = bpf_tree_comp, }; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bpf_lock); static LIST_HEAD(bpf_kallsyms); static struct latch_tree_root bpf_tree __cacheline_aligned; void bpf_ksym_add(struct bpf_ksym *ksym) { spin_lock_bh(&bpf_lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&ksym->lnode)); list_add_tail_rcu(&ksym->lnode, &bpf_kallsyms); latch_tree_insert(&ksym->tnode, &bpf_tree, &bpf_tree_ops); spin_unlock_bh(&bpf_lock); } static void __bpf_ksym_del(struct bpf_ksym *ksym) { if (list_empty(&ksym->lnode)) return; latch_tree_erase(&ksym->tnode, &bpf_tree, &bpf_tree_ops); list_del_rcu(&ksym->lnode); } void bpf_ksym_del(struct bpf_ksym *ksym) { spin_lock_bh(&bpf_lock); __bpf_ksym_del(ksym); spin_unlock_bh(&bpf_lock); } static bool bpf_prog_kallsyms_candidate(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { return fp->jited && !bpf_prog_was_classic(fp); } static bool bpf_prog_kallsyms_verify_off(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { return list_empty(&fp->aux->ksym.lnode) || fp->aux->ksym.lnode.prev == LIST_POISON2; } void bpf_prog_kallsyms_add(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (!bpf_prog_kallsyms_candidate(fp) || !bpf_capable()) return; bpf_prog_ksym_set_addr(fp); bpf_prog_ksym_set_name(fp); fp->aux->ksym.prog = true; bpf_ksym_add(&fp->aux->ksym); } void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (!bpf_prog_kallsyms_candidate(fp)) return; bpf_ksym_del(&fp->aux->ksym); } static struct bpf_ksym *bpf_ksym_find(unsigned long addr) { struct latch_tree_node *n; n = latch_tree_find((void *)addr, &bpf_tree, &bpf_tree_ops); return n ? container_of(n, struct bpf_ksym, tnode) : NULL; } const char *__bpf_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *off, char *sym) { struct bpf_ksym *ksym; char *ret = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); ksym = bpf_ksym_find(addr); if (ksym) { unsigned long symbol_start = ksym->start; unsigned long symbol_end = ksym->end; strncpy(sym, ksym->name, KSYM_NAME_LEN); ret = sym; if (size) *size = symbol_end - symbol_start; if (off) *off = addr - symbol_start; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } bool is_bpf_text_address(unsigned long addr) { bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = bpf_ksym_find(addr) != NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_ksym_find(unsigned long addr) { struct bpf_ksym *ksym = bpf_ksym_find(addr); return ksym && ksym->prog ? container_of(ksym, struct bpf_prog_aux, ksym)->prog : NULL; } const struct exception_table_entry *search_bpf_extables(unsigned long addr) { const struct exception_table_entry *e = NULL; struct bpf_prog *prog; rcu_read_lock(); prog = bpf_prog_ksym_find(addr); if (!prog) goto out; if (!prog->aux->num_exentries) goto out; e = search_extable(prog->aux->extable, prog->aux->num_exentries, addr); out: rcu_read_unlock(); return e; } int bpf_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct bpf_ksym *ksym; unsigned int it = 0; int ret = -ERANGE; if (!bpf_jit_kallsyms_enabled()) return ret; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(ksym, &bpf_kallsyms, lnode) { if (it++ != symnum) continue; strncpy(sym, ksym->name, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *value = ksym->start; *type = BPF_SYM_ELF_TYPE; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int bpf_jit_add_poke_descriptor(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_jit_poke_descriptor *poke) { struct bpf_jit_poke_descriptor *tab = prog->aux->poke_tab; static const u32 poke_tab_max = 1024; u32 slot = prog->aux->size_poke_tab; u32 size = slot + 1; if (size > poke_tab_max) return -ENOSPC; if (poke->tailcall_target || poke->tailcall_target_stable || poke->tailcall_bypass || poke->adj_off || poke->bypass_addr) return -EINVAL; switch (poke->reason) { case BPF_POKE_REASON_TAIL_CALL: if (!poke->tail_call.map) return -EINVAL; break; default: return -EINVAL; } tab = krealloc(tab, size * sizeof(*poke), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tab) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(&tab[slot], poke, sizeof(*poke)); prog->aux->size_poke_tab = size; prog->aux->poke_tab = tab; return slot; } static atomic_long_t bpf_jit_current; /* Can be overridden by an arch's JIT compiler if it has a custom, * dedicated BPF backend memory area, or if neither of the two * below apply. */ u64 __weak bpf_jit_alloc_exec_limit(void) { #if defined(MODULES_VADDR) return MODULES_END - MODULES_VADDR; #else return VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START; #endif } static int __init bpf_jit_charge_init(void) { /* Only used as heuristic here to derive limit. */ bpf_jit_limit = min_t(u64, round_up(bpf_jit_alloc_exec_limit() >> 2, PAGE_SIZE), LONG_MAX); return 0; } pure_initcall(bpf_jit_charge_init); int bpf_jit_charge_modmem(u32 pages) { if (atomic_long_add_return(pages, &bpf_jit_current) > (bpf_jit_limit >> PAGE_SHIFT)) { if (!bpf_capable()) { atomic_long_sub(pages, &bpf_jit_current); return -EPERM; } } return 0; } void bpf_jit_uncharge_modmem(u32 pages) { atomic_long_sub(pages, &bpf_jit_current); } void *__weak bpf_jit_alloc_exec(unsigned long size) { return module_alloc(size); } void __weak bpf_jit_free_exec(void *addr) { module_memfree(addr); } struct bpf_binary_header * bpf_jit_binary_alloc(unsigned int proglen, u8 **image_ptr, unsigned int alignment, bpf_jit_fill_hole_t bpf_fill_ill_insns) { struct bpf_binary_header *hdr; u32 size, hole, start, pages; WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_power_of_2(alignment) || alignment > BPF_IMAGE_ALIGNMENT); /* Most of BPF filters are really small, but if some of them * fill a page, allow at least 128 extra bytes to insert a * random section of illegal instructions. */ size = round_up(proglen + sizeof(*hdr) + 128, PAGE_SIZE); pages = size / PAGE_SIZE; if (bpf_jit_charge_modmem(pages)) return NULL; hdr = bpf_jit_alloc_exec(size); if (!hdr) { bpf_jit_uncharge_modmem(pages); return NULL; } /* Fill space with illegal/arch-dep instructions. */ bpf_fill_ill_insns(hdr, size); hdr->pages = pages; hole = min_t(unsigned int, size - (proglen + sizeof(*hdr)), PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(*hdr)); start = (get_random_int() % hole) & ~(alignment - 1); /* Leave a random number of instructions before BPF code. */ *image_ptr = &hdr->image[start]; return hdr; } void bpf_jit_binary_free(struct bpf_binary_header *hdr) { u32 pages = hdr->pages; bpf_jit_free_exec(hdr); bpf_jit_uncharge_modmem(pages); } /* This symbol is only overridden by archs that have different * requirements than the usual eBPF JITs, f.e. when they only * implement cBPF JIT, do not set images read-only, etc. */ void __weak bpf_jit_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { if (fp->jited) { struct bpf_binary_header *hdr = bpf_jit_binary_hdr(fp); bpf_jit_binary_free(hdr); WARN_ON_ONCE(!bpf_prog_kallsyms_verify_off(fp)); } bpf_prog_unlock_free(fp); } int bpf_jit_get_func_addr(const struct bpf_prog *prog, const struct bpf_insn *insn, bool extra_pass, u64 *func_addr, bool *func_addr_fixed) { s16 off = insn->off; s32 imm = insn->imm; u8 *addr; *func_addr_fixed = insn->src_reg != BPF_PSEUDO_CALL; if (!*func_addr_fixed) { /* Place-holder address till the last pass has collected * all addresses for JITed subprograms in which case we * can pick them up from prog->aux. */ if (!extra_pass) addr = NULL; else if (prog->aux->func && off >= 0 && off < prog->aux->func_cnt) addr = (u8 *)prog->aux->func[off]->bpf_func; else return -EINVAL; } else { /* Address of a BPF helper call. Since part of the core * kernel, it's always at a fixed location. __bpf_call_base * and the helper with imm relative to it are both in core * kernel. */ addr = (u8 *)__bpf_call_base + imm; } *func_addr = (unsigned long)addr; return 0; } static int bpf_jit_blind_insn(const struct bpf_insn *from, const struct bpf_insn *aux, struct bpf_insn *to_buff, bool emit_zext) { struct bpf_insn *to = to_buff; u32 imm_rnd = get_random_int(); s16 off; BUILD_BUG_ON(BPF_REG_AX + 1 != MAX_BPF_JIT_REG); BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_BPF_REG + 1 != MAX_BPF_JIT_REG); /* Constraints on AX register: * * AX register is inaccessible from user space. It is mapped in * all JITs, and used here for constant blinding rewrites. It is * typically "stateless" meaning its contents are only valid within * the executed instruction, but not across several instructions. * There are a few exceptions however which are further detailed * below. * * Constant blinding is only used by JITs, not in the interpreter. * The interpreter uses AX in some occasions as a local temporary * register e.g. in DIV or MOD instructions. * * In restricted circumstances, the verifier can also use the AX * register for rewrites as long as they do not interfere with * the above cases! */ if (from->dst_reg == BPF_REG_AX || from->src_reg == BPF_REG_AX) goto out; if (from->imm == 0 && (from->code == (BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K) || from->code == (BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K))) { *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(BPF_XOR, from->dst_reg, from->dst_reg); goto out; } switch (from->code) { case BPF_ALU | BPF_ADD | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_SUB | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_AND | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_OR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_XOR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_MUL | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_DIV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU | BPF_MOD | BPF_K: *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_ADD | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_SUB | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_AND | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_XOR | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MUL | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_DIV | BPF_K: case BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOD | BPF_K: *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JNE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP | BPF_JSET | BPF_K: /* Accommodate for extra offset in case of a backjump. */ off = from->off; if (off < 0) off -= 2; *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_JMP_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX, off); break; case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JNE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSGT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSLT | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSGE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSLE | BPF_K: case BPF_JMP32 | BPF_JSET | BPF_K: /* Accommodate for extra offset in case of a backjump. */ off = from->off; if (off < 0) off -= 2; *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_JMP32_REG(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX, off); break; case BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW: *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ aux[1].imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_LSH, BPF_REG_AX, 32); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(BPF_MOV, aux[0].dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case 0: /* Part 2 of BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW. */ *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ aux[0].imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); if (emit_zext) *to++ = BPF_ZEXT_REG(BPF_REG_AX); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_REG(BPF_OR, aux[0].dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX); break; case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_DW: case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_W: case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_H: case BPF_ST | BPF_MEM | BPF_B: *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_MOV, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd ^ from->imm); *to++ = BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_XOR, BPF_REG_AX, imm_rnd); *to++ = BPF_STX_MEM(from->code, from->dst_reg, BPF_REG_AX, from->off); break; } out: return to - to_buff; } static struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_clone_create(struct bpf_prog *fp_other, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags) { gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | gfp_extra_flags; struct bpf_prog *fp; fp = __vmalloc(fp_other->pages * PAGE_SIZE, gfp_flags); if (fp != NULL) { /* aux->prog still points to the fp_other one, so * when promoting the clone to the real program, * this still needs to be adapted. */ memcpy(fp, fp_other, fp_other->pages * PAGE_SIZE); } return fp; } static void bpf_prog_clone_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { /* aux was stolen by the other clone, so we cannot free * it from this path! It will be freed eventually by the * other program on release. * * At this point, we don't need a deferred release since * clone is guaranteed to not be locked. */ fp->aux = NULL; __bpf_prog_free(fp); } void bpf_jit_prog_release_other(struct bpf_prog *fp, struct bpf_prog *fp_other) { /* We have to repoint aux->prog to self, as we don't * know whether fp here is the clone or the original. */ fp->aux->prog = fp; bpf_prog_clone_free(fp_other); } struct bpf_prog *bpf_jit_blind_constants(struct bpf_prog *prog) { struct bpf_insn insn_buff[16], aux[2]; struct bpf_prog *clone, *tmp; int insn_delta, insn_cnt; struct bpf_insn *insn; int i, rewritten; if (!bpf_jit_blinding_enabled(prog) || prog->blinded) return prog; clone = bpf_prog_clone_create(prog, GFP_USER); if (!clone) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); insn_cnt = clone->len; insn = clone->insnsi; for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++, insn++) { /* We temporarily need to hold the original ld64 insn * so that we can still access the first part in the * second blinding run. */ if (insn[0].code == (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW) && insn[1].code == 0) memcpy(aux, insn, sizeof(aux)); rewritten = bpf_jit_blind_insn(insn, aux, insn_buff, clone->aux->verifier_zext); if (!rewritten) continue; tmp = bpf_patch_insn_single(clone, i, insn_buff, rewritten); if (IS_ERR(tmp)) { /* Patching may have repointed aux->prog during * realloc from the original one, so we need to * fix it up here on error. */ bpf_jit_prog_release_other(prog, clone); return tmp; } clone = tmp; insn_delta = rewritten - 1; /* Walk new program and skip insns we just inserted. */ insn = clone->insnsi + i + insn_delta; insn_cnt += insn_delta; i += insn_delta; } clone->blinded = 1; return clone; } #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_JIT */ /* Base function for offset calculation. Needs to go into .text section, * therefore keeping it non-static as well; will also be used by JITs * anyway later on, so do not let the compiler omit it. This also needs * to go into kallsyms for correlation from e.g. bpftool, so naming * must not change. */ noinline u64 __bpf_call_base(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5) { return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__bpf_call_base); /* All UAPI available opcodes. */ #define BPF_INSN_MAP(INSN_2, INSN_3) \ /* 32 bit ALU operations. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU, ADD, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, SUB, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, AND, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, OR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, LSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, RSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, XOR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, MUL, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, ARSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, DIV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOD, X), \ INSN_2(ALU, NEG), \ INSN_3(ALU, END, TO_BE), \ INSN_3(ALU, END, TO_LE), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU, ADD, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, SUB, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, AND, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, OR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, LSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, RSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, XOR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, MUL, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, ARSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, DIV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU, MOD, K), \ /* 64 bit ALU operations. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU64, ADD, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, SUB, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, AND, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, OR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, LSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, RSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, XOR, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MUL, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, ARSH, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, DIV, X), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOD, X), \ INSN_2(ALU64, NEG), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(ALU64, ADD, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, SUB, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, AND, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, OR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, LSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, RSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, XOR, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MUL, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, ARSH, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, DIV, K), \ INSN_3(ALU64, MOD, K), \ /* Call instruction. */ \ INSN_2(JMP, CALL), \ /* Exit instruction. */ \ INSN_2(JMP, EXIT), \ /* 32-bit Jump instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP32, JEQ, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JNE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSET, X), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP32, JEQ, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JNE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP32, JSET, K), \ /* Jump instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP, JEQ, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JNE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLT, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLE, X), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSET, X), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(JMP, JEQ, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JNE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLT, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSGE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSLE, K), \ INSN_3(JMP, JSET, K), \ INSN_2(JMP, JA), \ /* Store instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, B), \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, H), \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, W), \ INSN_3(STX, MEM, DW), \ INSN_3(STX, XADD, W), \ INSN_3(STX, XADD, DW), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, B), \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, H), \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, W), \ INSN_3(ST, MEM, DW), \ /* Load instructions. */ \ /* Register based. */ \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, B), \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, H), \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, W), \ INSN_3(LDX, MEM, DW), \ /* Immediate based. */ \ INSN_3(LD, IMM, DW) bool bpf_opcode_in_insntable(u8 code) { #define BPF_INSN_2_TBL(x, y) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y] = true #define BPF_INSN_3_TBL(x, y, z) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y | BPF_##z] = true static const bool public_insntable[256] = { [0 ... 255] = false, /* Now overwrite non-defaults ... */ BPF_INSN_MAP(BPF_INSN_2_TBL, BPF_INSN_3_TBL), /* UAPI exposed, but rewritten opcodes. cBPF carry-over. */ [BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_B] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_H] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_ABS | BPF_W] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_B] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_H] = true, [BPF_LD | BPF_IND | BPF_W] = true, }; #undef BPF_INSN_3_TBL #undef BPF_INSN_2_TBL return public_insntable[code]; } #ifndef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON u64 __weak bpf_probe_read_kernel(void *dst, u32 size, const void *unsafe_ptr) { memset(dst, 0, size); return -EFAULT; } /** * __bpf_prog_run - run eBPF program on a given context * @regs: is the array of MAX_BPF_EXT_REG eBPF pseudo-registers * @insn: is the array of eBPF instructions * @stack: is the eBPF storage stack * * Decode and execute eBPF instructions. */ static u64 ___bpf_prog_run(u64 *regs, const struct bpf_insn *insn, u64 *stack) { #define BPF_INSN_2_LBL(x, y) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y] = &&x##_##y #define BPF_INSN_3_LBL(x, y, z) [BPF_##x | BPF_##y | BPF_##z] = &&x##_##y##_##z static const void * const jumptable[256] __annotate_jump_table = { [0 ... 255] = &&default_label, /* Now overwrite non-defaults ... */ BPF_INSN_MAP(BPF_INSN_2_LBL, BPF_INSN_3_LBL), /* Non-UAPI available opcodes. */ [BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL_ARGS] = &&JMP_CALL_ARGS, [BPF_JMP | BPF_TAIL_CALL] = &&JMP_TAIL_CALL, [BPF_ST | BPF_NOSPEC] = &&ST_NOSPEC, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_B] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_B, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_H] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_H, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_W] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_W, [BPF_LDX | BPF_PROBE_MEM | BPF_DW] = &&LDX_PROBE_MEM_DW, }; #undef BPF_INSN_3_LBL #undef BPF_INSN_2_LBL u32 tail_call_cnt = 0; #define CONT ({ insn++; goto select_insn; }) #define CONT_JMP ({ insn++; goto select_insn; }) select_insn: goto *jumptable[insn->code]; /* Explicitly mask the register-based shift amounts with 63 or 31 * to avoid undefined behavior. Normally this won't affect the * generated code, for example, in case of native 64 bit archs such * as x86-64 or arm64, the compiler is optimizing the AND away for * the interpreter. In case of JITs, each of the JIT backends compiles * the BPF shift operations to machine instructions which produce * implementation-defined results in such a case; the resulting * contents of the register may be arbitrary, but program behaviour * as a whole remains defined. In other words, in case of JIT backends, * the AND must /not/ be added to the emitted LSH/RSH/ARSH translation. */ /* ALU (shifts) */ #define SHT(OPCODE, OP) \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = DST OP (SRC & 63); \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = (u32) DST OP ((u32) SRC & 31); \ CONT; \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = DST OP IMM; \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = (u32) DST OP (u32) IMM; \ CONT; /* ALU (rest) */ #define ALU(OPCODE, OP) \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = DST OP SRC; \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_X: \ DST = (u32) DST OP (u32) SRC; \ CONT; \ ALU64_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = DST OP IMM; \ CONT; \ ALU_##OPCODE##_K: \ DST = (u32) DST OP (u32) IMM; \ CONT; ALU(ADD, +) ALU(SUB, -) ALU(AND, &) ALU(OR, |) ALU(XOR, ^) ALU(MUL, *) SHT(LSH, <<) SHT(RSH, >>) #undef SHT #undef ALU ALU_NEG: DST = (u32) -DST; CONT; ALU64_NEG: DST = -DST; CONT; ALU_MOV_X: DST = (u32) SRC; CONT; ALU_MOV_K: DST = (u32) IMM; CONT; ALU64_MOV_X: DST = SRC; CONT; ALU64_MOV_K: DST = IMM; CONT; LD_IMM_DW: DST = (u64) (u32) insn[0].imm | ((u64) (u32) insn[1].imm) << 32; insn++; CONT; ALU_ARSH_X: DST = (u64) (u32) (((s32) DST) >> (SRC & 31)); CONT; ALU_ARSH_K: DST = (u64) (u32) (((s32) DST) >> IMM); CONT; ALU64_ARSH_X: (*(s64 *) &DST) >>= (SRC & 63); CONT; ALU64_ARSH_K: (*(s64 *) &DST) >>= IMM; CONT; ALU64_MOD_X: div64_u64_rem(DST, SRC, &AX); DST = AX; CONT; ALU_MOD_X: AX = (u32) DST; DST = do_div(AX, (u32) SRC); CONT; ALU64_MOD_K: div64_u64_rem(DST, IMM, &AX); DST = AX; CONT; ALU_MOD_K: AX = (u32) DST; DST = do_div(AX, (u32) IMM); CONT; ALU64_DIV_X: DST = div64_u64(DST, SRC); CONT; ALU_DIV_X: AX = (u32) DST; do_div(AX, (u32) SRC); DST = (u32) AX; CONT; ALU64_DIV_K: DST = div64_u64(DST, IMM); CONT; ALU_DIV_K: AX = (u32) DST; do_div(AX, (u32) IMM); DST = (u32) AX; CONT; ALU_END_TO_BE: switch (IMM) { case 16: DST = (__force u16) cpu_to_be16(DST); break; case 32: DST = (__force u32) cpu_to_be32(DST); break; case 64: DST = (__force u64) cpu_to_be64(DST); break; } CONT; ALU_END_TO_LE: switch (IMM) { case 16: DST = (__force u16) cpu_to_le16(DST); break; case 32: DST = (__force u32) cpu_to_le32(DST); break; case 64: DST = (__force u64) cpu_to_le64(DST); break; } CONT; /* CALL */ JMP_CALL: /* Function call scratches BPF_R1-BPF_R5 registers, * preserves BPF_R6-BPF_R9, and stores return value * into BPF_R0. */ BPF_R0 = (__bpf_call_base + insn->imm)(BPF_R1, BPF_R2, BPF_R3, BPF_R4, BPF_R5); CONT; JMP_CALL_ARGS: BPF_R0 = (__bpf_call_base_args + insn->imm)(BPF_R1, BPF_R2, BPF_R3, BPF_R4, BPF_R5, insn + insn->off + 1); CONT; JMP_TAIL_CALL: { struct bpf_map *map = (struct bpf_map *) (unsigned long) BPF_R2; struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map); struct bpf_prog *prog; u32 index = BPF_R3; if (unlikely(index >= array->map.max_entries)) goto out; if (unlikely(tail_call_cnt > MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT)) goto out; tail_call_cnt++; prog = READ_ONCE(array->ptrs[index]); if (!prog) goto out; /* ARG1 at this point is guaranteed to point to CTX from * the verifier side due to the fact that the tail call is * handled like a helper, that is, bpf_tail_call_proto, * where arg1_type is ARG_PTR_TO_CTX. */ insn = prog->insnsi; goto select_insn; out: CONT; } JMP_JA: insn += insn->off; CONT; JMP_EXIT: return BPF_R0; /* JMP */ #define COND_JMP(SIGN, OPCODE, CMP_OP) \ JMP_##OPCODE##_X: \ if ((SIGN##64) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##64) SRC) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; \ JMP32_##OPCODE##_X: \ if ((SIGN##32) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##32) SRC) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; \ JMP_##OPCODE##_K: \ if ((SIGN##64) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##64) IMM) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; \ JMP32_##OPCODE##_K: \ if ((SIGN##32) DST CMP_OP (SIGN##32) IMM) { \ insn += insn->off; \ CONT_JMP; \ } \ CONT; COND_JMP(u, JEQ, ==) COND_JMP(u, JNE, !=) COND_JMP(u, JGT, >) COND_JMP(u, JLT, <) COND_JMP(u, JGE, >=) COND_JMP(u, JLE, <=) COND_JMP(u, JSET, &) COND_JMP(s, JSGT, >) COND_JMP(s, JSLT, <) COND_JMP(s, JSGE, >=) COND_JMP(s, JSLE, <=) #undef COND_JMP /* ST, STX and LDX*/ ST_NOSPEC: /* Speculation barrier for mitigating Speculative Store Bypass. * In case of arm64, we rely on the firmware mitigation as * controlled via the ssbd kernel parameter. Whenever the * mitigation is enabled, it works for all of the kernel code * with no need to provide any additional instructions here. * In case of x86, we use 'lfence' insn for mitigation. We * reuse preexisting logic from Spectre v1 mitigation that * happens to produce the required code on x86 for v4 as well. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86 barrier_nospec(); #endif CONT; #define LDST(SIZEOP, SIZE) \ STX_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ *(SIZE *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off) = SRC; \ CONT; \ ST_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ *(SIZE *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off) = IMM; \ CONT; \ LDX_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ DST = *(SIZE *)(unsigned long) (SRC + insn->off); \ CONT; LDST(B, u8) LDST(H, u16) LDST(W, u32) LDST(DW, u64) #undef LDST #define LDX_PROBE(SIZEOP, SIZE) \ LDX_PROBE_MEM_##SIZEOP: \ bpf_probe_read_kernel(&DST, SIZE, (const void *)(long) (SRC + insn->off)); \ CONT; LDX_PROBE(B, 1) LDX_PROBE(H, 2) LDX_PROBE(W, 4) LDX_PROBE(DW, 8) #undef LDX_PROBE STX_XADD_W: /* lock xadd *(u32 *)(dst_reg + off16) += src_reg */ atomic_add((u32) SRC, (atomic_t *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off)); CONT; STX_XADD_DW: /* lock xadd *(u64 *)(dst_reg + off16) += src_reg */ atomic64_add((u64) SRC, (atomic64_t *)(unsigned long) (DST + insn->off)); CONT; default_label: /* If we ever reach this, we have a bug somewhere. Die hard here * instead of just returning 0; we could be somewhere in a subprog, * so execution could continue otherwise which we do /not/ want. * * Note, verifier whitelists all opcodes in bpf_opcode_in_insntable(). */ pr_warn("BPF interpreter: unknown opcode %02x\n", insn->code); BUG_ON(1); return 0; } #define PROG_NAME(stack_size) __bpf_prog_run##stack_size #define DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN(stack_size) \ static unsigned int PROG_NAME(stack_size)(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) \ { \ u64 stack[stack_size / sizeof(u64)]; \ u64 regs[MAX_BPF_EXT_REG]; \ \ FP = (u64) (unsigned long) &stack[ARRAY_SIZE(stack)]; \ ARG1 = (u64) (unsigned long) ctx; \ return ___bpf_prog_run(regs, insn, stack); \ } #define PROG_NAME_ARGS(stack_size) __bpf_prog_run_args##stack_size #define DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS(stack_size) \ static u64 PROG_NAME_ARGS(stack_size)(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5, \ const struct bpf_insn *insn) \ { \ u64 stack[stack_size / sizeof(u64)]; \ u64 regs[MAX_BPF_EXT_REG]; \ \ FP = (u64) (unsigned long) &stack[ARRAY_SIZE(stack)]; \ BPF_R1 = r1; \ BPF_R2 = r2; \ BPF_R3 = r3; \ BPF_R4 = r4; \ BPF_R5 = r5; \ return ___bpf_prog_run(regs, insn, stack); \ } #define EVAL1(FN, X) FN(X) #define EVAL2(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL1(FN, Y) #define EVAL3(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL2(FN, Y) #define EVAL4(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL3(FN, Y) #define EVAL5(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL4(FN, Y) #define EVAL6(FN, X, Y...) FN(X) EVAL5(FN, Y) EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192); EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384); EVAL4(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN, 416, 448, 480, 512); EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192); EVAL6(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384); EVAL4(DEFINE_BPF_PROG_RUN_ARGS, 416, 448, 480, 512); #define PROG_NAME_LIST(stack_size) PROG_NAME(stack_size), static unsigned int (*interpreters[])(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) = { EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192) EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384) EVAL4(PROG_NAME_LIST, 416, 448, 480, 512) }; #undef PROG_NAME_LIST #define PROG_NAME_LIST(stack_size) PROG_NAME_ARGS(stack_size), static u64 (*interpreters_args[])(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5, const struct bpf_insn *insn) = { EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192) EVAL6(PROG_NAME_LIST, 224, 256, 288, 320, 352, 384) EVAL4(PROG_NAME_LIST, 416, 448, 480, 512) }; #undef PROG_NAME_LIST void bpf_patch_call_args(struct bpf_insn *insn, u32 stack_depth) { stack_depth = max_t(u32, stack_depth, 1); insn->off = (s16) insn->imm; insn->imm = interpreters_args[(round_up(stack_depth, 32) / 32) - 1] - __bpf_call_base_args; insn->code = BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL_ARGS; } #else static unsigned int __bpf_prog_ret0_warn(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) { /* If this handler ever gets executed, then BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON * is not working properly, so warn about it! */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return 0; } #endif bool bpf_prog_array_compatible(struct bpf_array *array, const struct bpf_prog *fp) { bool ret; if (fp->kprobe_override) return false; spin_lock(&array->aux->owner.lock); if (!array->aux->owner.type) { /* There's no owner yet where we could check for * compatibility. */ array->aux->owner.type = fp->type; array->aux->owner.jited = fp->jited; ret = true; } else { ret = array->aux->owner.type == fp->type && array->aux->owner.jited == fp->jited; } spin_unlock(&array->aux->owner.lock); return ret; } static int bpf_check_tail_call(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { struct bpf_prog_aux *aux = fp->aux; int i, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&aux->used_maps_mutex); for (i = 0; i < aux->used_map_cnt; i++) { struct bpf_map *map = aux->used_maps[i]; struct bpf_array *array; if (map->map_type != BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY) continue; array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map); if (!bpf_prog_array_compatible(array, fp)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } out: mutex_unlock(&aux->used_maps_mutex); return ret; } static void bpf_prog_select_func(struct bpf_prog *fp) { #ifndef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON u32 stack_depth = max_t(u32, fp->aux->stack_depth, 1); fp->bpf_func = interpreters[(round_up(stack_depth, 32) / 32) - 1]; #else fp->bpf_func = __bpf_prog_ret0_warn; #endif } /** * bpf_prog_select_runtime - select exec runtime for BPF program * @fp: bpf_prog populated with internal BPF program * @err: pointer to error variable * * Try to JIT eBPF program, if JIT is not available, use interpreter. * The BPF program will be executed via BPF_PROG_RUN() macro. */ struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_select_runtime(struct bpf_prog *fp, int *err) { /* In case of BPF to BPF calls, verifier did all the prep * work with regards to JITing, etc. */ if (fp->bpf_func) goto finalize; bpf_prog_select_func(fp); /* eBPF JITs can rewrite the program in case constant * blinding is active. However, in case of error during * blinding, bpf_int_jit_compile() must always return a * valid program, which in this case would simply not * be JITed, but falls back to the interpreter. */ if (!bpf_prog_is_dev_bound(fp->aux)) { *err = bpf_prog_alloc_jited_linfo(fp); if (*err) return fp; fp = bpf_int_jit_compile(fp); if (!fp->jited) { bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(fp); #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON *err = -ENOTSUPP; return fp; #endif } else { bpf_prog_free_unused_jited_linfo(fp); } } else { *err = bpf_prog_offload_compile(fp); if (*err) return fp; } finalize: bpf_prog_lock_ro(fp); /* The tail call compatibility check can only be done at * this late stage as we need to determine, if we deal * with JITed or non JITed program concatenations and not * all eBPF JITs might immediately support all features. */ *err = bpf_check_tail_call(fp); return fp; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_select_runtime); static unsigned int __bpf_prog_ret1(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn) { return 1; } static struct bpf_prog_dummy { struct bpf_prog prog; } dummy_bpf_prog = { .prog = { .bpf_func = __bpf_prog_ret1, }, }; /* to avoid allocating empty bpf_prog_array for cgroups that * don't have bpf program attached use one global 'empty_prog_array' * It will not be modified the caller of bpf_prog_array_alloc() * (since caller requested prog_cnt == 0) * that pointer should be 'freed' by bpf_prog_array_free() */ static struct { struct bpf_prog_array hdr; struct bpf_prog *null_prog; } empty_prog_array = { .null_prog = NULL, }; struct bpf_prog_array *bpf_prog_array_alloc(u32 prog_cnt, gfp_t flags) { if (prog_cnt) return kzalloc(sizeof(struct bpf_prog_array) + sizeof(struct bpf_prog_array_item) * (prog_cnt + 1), flags); return &empty_prog_array.hdr; } void bpf_prog_array_free(struct bpf_prog_array *progs) { if (!progs || progs == &empty_prog_array.hdr) return; kfree_rcu(progs, rcu); } int bpf_prog_array_length(struct bpf_prog_array *array) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; u32 cnt = 0; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) if (item->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) cnt++; return cnt; } bool bpf_prog_array_is_empty(struct bpf_prog_array *array) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) if (item->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) return false; return true; } static bool bpf_prog_array_copy_core(struct bpf_prog_array *array, u32 *prog_ids, u32 request_cnt) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; int i = 0; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) { if (item->prog == &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) continue; prog_ids[i] = item->prog->aux->id; if (++i == request_cnt) { item++; break; } } return !!(item->prog); } int bpf_prog_array_copy_to_user(struct bpf_prog_array *array, __u32 __user *prog_ids, u32 cnt) { unsigned long err = 0; bool nospc; u32 *ids; /* users of this function are doing: * cnt = bpf_prog_array_length(); * if (cnt > 0) * bpf_prog_array_copy_to_user(..., cnt); * so below kcalloc doesn't need extra cnt > 0 check. */ ids = kcalloc(cnt, sizeof(u32), GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!ids) return -ENOMEM; nospc = bpf_prog_array_copy_core(array, ids, cnt); err = copy_to_user(prog_ids, ids, cnt * sizeof(u32)); kfree(ids); if (err) return -EFAULT; if (nospc) return -ENOSPC; return 0; } void bpf_prog_array_delete_safe(struct bpf_prog_array *array, struct bpf_prog *old_prog) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) if (item->prog == old_prog) { WRITE_ONCE(item->prog, &dummy_bpf_prog.prog); break; } } /** * bpf_prog_array_delete_safe_at() - Replaces the program at the given * index into the program array with * a dummy no-op program. * @array: a bpf_prog_array * @index: the index of the program to replace * * Skips over dummy programs, by not counting them, when calculating * the position of the program to replace. * * Return: * * 0 - Success * * -EINVAL - Invalid index value. Must be a non-negative integer. * * -ENOENT - Index out of range */ int bpf_prog_array_delete_safe_at(struct bpf_prog_array *array, int index) { return bpf_prog_array_update_at(array, index, &dummy_bpf_prog.prog); } /** * bpf_prog_array_update_at() - Updates the program at the given index * into the program array. * @array: a bpf_prog_array * @index: the index of the program to update * @prog: the program to insert into the array * * Skips over dummy programs, by not counting them, when calculating * the position of the program to update. * * Return: * * 0 - Success * * -EINVAL - Invalid index value. Must be a non-negative integer. * * -ENOENT - Index out of range */ int bpf_prog_array_update_at(struct bpf_prog_array *array, int index, struct bpf_prog *prog) { struct bpf_prog_array_item *item; if (unlikely(index < 0)) return -EINVAL; for (item = array->items; item->prog; item++) { if (item->prog == &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) continue; if (!index) { WRITE_ONCE(item->prog, prog); return 0; } index--; } return -ENOENT; } int bpf_prog_array_copy(struct bpf_prog_array *old_array, struct bpf_prog *exclude_prog, struct bpf_prog *include_prog, struct bpf_prog_array **new_array) { int new_prog_cnt, carry_prog_cnt = 0; struct bpf_prog_array_item *existing; struct bpf_prog_array *array; bool found_exclude = false; int new_prog_idx = 0; /* Figure out how many existing progs we need to carry over to * the new array. */ if (old_array) { existing = old_array->items; for (; existing->prog; existing++) { if (existing->prog == exclude_prog) { found_exclude = true; continue; } if (existing->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) carry_prog_cnt++; if (existing->prog == include_prog) return -EEXIST; } } if (exclude_prog && !found_exclude) return -ENOENT; /* How many progs (not NULL) will be in the new array? */ new_prog_cnt = carry_prog_cnt; if (include_prog) new_prog_cnt += 1; /* Do we have any prog (not NULL) in the new array? */ if (!new_prog_cnt) { *new_array = NULL; return 0; } /* +1 as the end of prog_array is marked with NULL */ array = bpf_prog_array_alloc(new_prog_cnt + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!array) return -ENOMEM; /* Fill in the new prog array */ if (carry_prog_cnt) { existing = old_array->items; for (; existing->prog; existing++) if (existing->prog != exclude_prog && existing->prog != &dummy_bpf_prog.prog) { array->items[new_prog_idx++].prog = existing->prog; } } if (include_prog) array->items[new_prog_idx++].prog = include_prog; array->items[new_prog_idx].prog = NULL; *new_array = array; return 0; } int bpf_prog_array_copy_info(struct bpf_prog_array *array, u32 *prog_ids, u32 request_cnt, u32 *prog_cnt) { u32 cnt = 0; if (array) cnt = bpf_prog_array_length(array); *prog_cnt = cnt; /* return early if user requested only program count or nothing to copy */ if (!request_cnt || !cnt) return 0; /* this function is called under trace/bpf_trace.c: bpf_event_mutex */ return bpf_prog_array_copy_core(array, prog_ids, request_cnt) ? -ENOSPC : 0; } void __bpf_free_used_maps(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux, struct bpf_map **used_maps, u32 len) { struct bpf_map *map; u32 i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) { map = used_maps[i]; if (map->ops->map_poke_untrack) map->ops->map_poke_untrack(map, aux); bpf_map_put(map); } } static void bpf_free_used_maps(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux) { __bpf_free_used_maps(aux, aux->used_maps, aux->used_map_cnt); kfree(aux->used_maps); } static void bpf_prog_free_deferred(struct work_struct *work) { struct bpf_prog_aux *aux; int i; aux = container_of(work, struct bpf_prog_aux, work); bpf_free_used_maps(aux); if (bpf_prog_is_dev_bound(aux)) bpf_prog_offload_destroy(aux->prog); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS if (aux->prog->has_callchain_buf) put_callchain_buffers(); #endif if (aux->dst_trampoline) bpf_trampoline_put(aux->dst_trampoline); for (i = 0; i < aux->func_cnt; i++) { /* We can just unlink the subprog poke descriptor table as * it was originally linked to the main program and is also * released along with it. */ aux->func[i]->aux->poke_tab = NULL; bpf_jit_free(aux->func[i]); } if (aux->func_cnt) { kfree(aux->func); bpf_prog_unlock_free(aux->prog); } else { bpf_jit_free(aux->prog); } } /* Free internal BPF program */ void bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { struct bpf_prog_aux *aux = fp->aux; if (aux->dst_prog) bpf_prog_put(aux->dst_prog); INIT_WORK(&aux->work, bpf_prog_free_deferred); schedule_work(&aux->work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_free); /* RNG for unpriviledged user space with separated state from prandom_u32(). */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rnd_state, bpf_user_rnd_state); void bpf_user_rnd_init_once(void) { prandom_init_once(&bpf_user_rnd_state); } BPF_CALL_0(bpf_user_rnd_u32) { /* Should someone ever have the rather unwise idea to use some * of the registers passed into this function, then note that * this function is called from native eBPF and classic-to-eBPF * transformations. Register assignments from both sides are * different, f.e. classic always sets fn(ctx, A, X) here. */ struct rnd_state *state; u32 res; state = &get_cpu_var(bpf_user_rnd_state); res = prandom_u32_state(state); put_cpu_var(bpf_user_rnd_state); return res; } BPF_CALL_0(bpf_get_raw_cpu_id) { return raw_smp_processor_id(); } /* Weak definitions of helper functions in case we don't have bpf syscall. */ const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_lookup_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_update_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_delete_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_push_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_pop_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_map_peek_elem_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_spin_lock_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_spin_unlock_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_jiffies64_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_prandom_u32_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_smp_processor_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_numa_node_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_ktime_get_ns_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_ktime_get_boot_ns_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_pid_tgid_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_uid_gid_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_comm_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_cgroup_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_current_ancestor_cgroup_id_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_local_storage_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_ns_current_pid_tgid_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_snprintf_btf_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_seq_printf_btf_proto __weak; const struct bpf_func_proto * __weak bpf_get_trace_printk_proto(void) { return NULL; } u64 __weak bpf_event_output(struct bpf_map *map, u64 flags, void *meta, u64 meta_size, void *ctx, u64 ctx_size, bpf_ctx_copy_t ctx_copy) { return -ENOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_event_output); /* Always built-in helper functions. */ const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_tail_call_proto = { .func = NULL, .gpl_only = false, .ret_type = RET_VOID, .arg1_type = ARG_PTR_TO_CTX, .arg2_type = ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR, .arg3_type = ARG_ANYTHING, }; /* Stub for JITs that only support cBPF. eBPF programs are interpreted. * It is encouraged to implement bpf_int_jit_compile() instead, so that * eBPF and implicitly also cBPF can get JITed! */ struct bpf_prog * __weak bpf_int_jit_compile(struct bpf_prog *prog) { return prog; } /* Stub for JITs that support eBPF. All cBPF code gets transformed into * eBPF by the kernel and is later compiled by bpf_int_jit_compile(). */ void __weak bpf_jit_compile(struct bpf_prog *prog) { } bool __weak bpf_helper_changes_pkt_data(void *func) { return false; } /* Return TRUE if the JIT backend wants verifier to enable sub-register usage * analysis code and wants explicit zero extension inserted by verifier. * Otherwise, return FALSE. */ bool __weak bpf_jit_needs_zext(void) { return false; } /* To execute LD_ABS/LD_IND instructions __bpf_prog_run() may call * skb_copy_bits(), so provide a weak definition of it for NET-less config. */ int __weak skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len) { return -EFAULT; } int __weak bpf_arch_text_poke(void *ip, enum bpf_text_poke_type t, void *addr1, void *addr2) { return -ENOTSUPP; } DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(bpf_stats_enabled_key); EXPORT_SYMBOL(bpf_stats_enabled_key); /* All definitions of tracepoints related to BPF. */ #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <linux/bpf_trace.h> EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(xdp_exception); EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(xdp_bulk_tx);
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3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; unsigned long nrexceptional; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct block_device *i_bdev; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /* * Track a single file's readahead state */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; /* where readahead started */ unsigned int size; /* # of readahead pages */ unsigned int async_size; /* do asynchronous readahead when there are only # of pages ahead */ unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */ unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */ loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */ }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; enum rw_hint f_write_hint; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct list_head f_ep_links; struct list_head f_tfile_llink; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **); bool (*lm_breaker_owns_lease)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager { struct list_head list; /* * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period; * NLM doesn't care: */ bool block_opens; }; struct net; void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *); void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *); bool locks_in_grace(struct net *); bool opens_in_grace(struct net *); /* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */ #include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h> /* * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both. * * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish * these two uses? * * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by: * * 1) lock owner * 2) lock range start * 3) lock range end * * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks. */ struct file_lock { struct file_lock *fl_blocker; /* The lock, that is blocking us */ struct list_head fl_list; /* link into file_lock_context */ struct hlist_node fl_link; /* node in global lists */ struct list_head fl_blocked_requests; /* list of requests with * ->fl_blocker pointing here */ struct list_head fl_blocked_member; /* node in * ->fl_blocker->fl_blocked_requests */ fl_owner_t fl_owner; unsigned int fl_flags; unsigned char fl_type; unsigned int fl_pid; int fl_link_cpu; /* what cpu's list is this on? */ wait_queue_head_t fl_wait; struct file *fl_file; loff_t fl_start; loff_t fl_end; struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */ /* for lease breaks: */ unsigned long fl_break_time; unsigned long fl_downgrade_time; const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */ const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */ union { struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl; struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl; struct { struct list_head link; /* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */ int state; /* state of grant or error if -ve */ unsigned int debug_id; } afs; } fl_u; } __randomize_layout; struct file_lock_context { spinlock_t flc_lock; struct list_head flc_flock; struct list_head flc_posix; struct list_head flc_lease; }; /* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */ #ifndef OFFSET_MAX #define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1))) #define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t) #define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(off_t) #endif extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band); #define locks_inode(f) file_inode(f) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); #endif extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg); extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp); /* fs/locks.c */ void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode); void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl); extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *); extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void); extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t); extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *); extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *); extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl); extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl); extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type); extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *time); extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv); extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); struct notifier_block; extern int lease_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern void lease_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *); struct files_struct; extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files); #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #endif static inline int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { return F_UNLCK; } static inline void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { } static inline void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_file(struct file *filp) { return; } static inline void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int vfs_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int vfs_lock_file(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conf) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { return 0; } static inline void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { return; } static inline int generic_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int vfs_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **lease, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { return -EINVAL; } struct files_struct; static inline void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline struct inode *file_inode(const struct file *f) { return f->f_inode; } static inline struct dentry *file_dentry(const struct file *file) { return d_real(file->f_path.dentry, file_inode(file)); } static inline int locks_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return locks_lock_inode_wait(locks_inode(filp), fl); } struct fasync_struct { rwlock_t fa_lock; int magic; int fa_fd; struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */ struct file *fa_file; struct rcu_head fa_rcu; }; #define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 /* SMP safe fasync helpers: */ extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_insert_entry(int, struct file *, struct fasync_struct **, struct fasync_struct *); extern int fasync_remove_entry(struct file *, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_alloc(void); extern void fasync_free(struct fasync_struct *); /* can be called from interrupts */ extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int); extern void __f_setown(struct file *filp, struct pid *, enum pid_type, int force); extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force); extern void f_delown(struct file *filp); extern pid_t f_getown(struct file *filp); extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown); /* * sb->s_flags. Note that these mirror the equivalent MS_* flags where * represented in both. */ #define SB_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */ #define SB_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */ #define SB_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */ #define SB_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */ #define SB_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */ #define SB_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */ #define SB_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define SB_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */ #define SB_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */ #define SB_SILENT 32768 #define SB_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */ #define SB_INLINECRYPT (1<<17) /* Use blk-crypto for encrypted files */ #define SB_KERNMOUNT (1<<22) /* this is a kern_mount call */ #define SB_I_VERSION (1<<23) /* Update inode I_version field */ #define SB_LAZYTIME (1<<25) /* Update the on-disk [acm]times lazily */ /* These sb flags are internal to the kernel */ #define SB_SUBMOUNT (1<<26) #define SB_FORCE (1<<27) #define SB_NOSEC (1<<28) #define SB_BORN (1<<29) #define SB_ACTIVE (1<<30) #define SB_NOUSER (1<<31) /* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */ #define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL (1 << 0) #define sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) \ (sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL) /* * Umount options */ #define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */ #define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */ #define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */ #define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */ #define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */ /* sb->s_iflags */ #define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */ #define SB_I_NOEXEC 0x00000002 /* Ignore executables on this fs */ #define SB_I_NODEV 0x00000004 /* Ignore devices on this fs */ #define SB_I_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ /* sb->s_iflags to limit user namespace mounts */ #define SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE 0x00000010 /* fstype already mounted */ #define SB_I_IMA_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGNATURE 0x00000020 #define SB_I_UNTRUSTED_MOUNTER 0x00000040 #define SB_I_SKIP_SYNC 0x00000100 /* Skip superblock at global sync */ /* Possible states of 'frozen' field */ enum { SB_UNFROZEN = 0, /* FS is unfrozen */ SB_FREEZE_WRITE = 1, /* Writes, dir ops, ioctls frozen */ SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT = 2, /* Page faults stopped as well */ SB_FREEZE_FS = 3, /* For internal FS use (e.g. to stop * internal threads if needed) */ SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE = 4, /* ->freeze_fs finished successfully */ }; #define SB_FREEZE_LEVELS (SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE - 1) struct sb_writers { int frozen; /* Is sb frozen? */ wait_queue_head_t wait_unfrozen; /* for get_super_thawed() */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore rw_sem[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; }; struct super_block { struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */ dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */ unsigned char s_blocksize_bits; unsigned long s_blocksize; loff_t s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */ struct file_system_type *s_type; const struct super_operations *s_op; const struct dquot_operations *dq_op; const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop; const struct export_operations *s_export_op; unsigned long s_flags; unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */ unsigned long s_magic; struct dentry *s_root; struct rw_semaphore s_umount; int s_count; atomic_t s_active; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *s_security; #endif const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop; struct key *s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct unicode_map *s_encoding; __u16 s_encoding_flags; #endif struct hlist_bl_head s_roots; /* alternate root dentries for NFS */ struct list_head s_mounts; /* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */ struct block_device *s_bdev; struct backing_dev_info *s_bdi; struct mtd_info *s_mtd; struct hlist_node s_instances; unsigned int s_quota_types; /* Bitmask of supported quota types */ struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */ struct sb_writers s_writers; /* * Keep s_fs_info, s_time_gran, s_fsnotify_mask, and * s_fsnotify_marks together for cache efficiency. They are frequently * accessed and rarely modified. */ void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */ /* Granularity of c/m/atime in ns (cannot be worse than a second) */ u32 s_time_gran; /* Time limits for c/m/atime in seconds */ time64_t s_time_min; time64_t s_time_max; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 s_fsnotify_mask; struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *s_fsnotify_marks; #endif char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */ uuid_t s_uuid; /* UUID */ unsigned int s_max_links; fmode_t s_mode; /* * The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business * even looking at it. You had been warned. */ struct mutex s_vfs_rename_mutex; /* Kludge */ /* * Filesystem subtype. If non-empty the filesystem type field * in /proc/mounts will be "type.subtype" */ const char *s_subtype; const struct dentry_operations *s_d_op; /* default d_op for dentries */ /* * Saved pool identifier for cleancache (-1 means none) */ int cleancache_poolid; struct shrinker s_shrink; /* per-sb shrinker handle */ /* Number of inodes with nlink == 0 but still referenced */ atomic_long_t s_remove_count; /* Pending fsnotify inode refs */ atomic_long_t s_fsnotify_inode_refs; /* Being remounted read-only */ int s_readonly_remount; /* per-sb errseq_t for reporting writeback errors via syncfs */ errseq_t s_wb_err; /* AIO completions deferred from interrupt context */ struct workqueue_struct *s_dio_done_wq; struct hlist_head s_pins; /* * Owning user namespace and default context in which to * interpret filesystem uids, gids, quotas, device nodes, * xattrs and security labels. */ struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; /* * The list_lru structure is essentially just a pointer to a table * of per-node lru lists, each of which has its own spinlock. * There is no need to put them into separate cachelines. */ struct list_lru s_dentry_lru; struct list_lru s_inode_lru; struct rcu_head rcu; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct mutex s_sync_lock; /* sync serialisation lock */ /* * Indicates how deep in a filesystem stack this SB is */ int s_stack_depth; /* s_inode_list_lock protects s_inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_list_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_wblist_lock; struct list_head s_inodes_wb; /* writeback inodes */ } __randomize_layout; /* Helper functions so that in most cases filesystems will * not need to deal directly with kuid_t and kgid_t and can * instead deal with the raw numeric values that are stored * in the filesystem. */ static inline uid_t i_uid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_uid); } static inline gid_t i_gid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_gid); } static inline void i_uid_write(struct inode *inode, uid_t uid) { inode->i_uid = make_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, uid); } static inline void i_gid_write(struct inode *inode, gid_t gid) { inode->i_gid = make_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, gid); } extern struct timespec64 current_time(struct inode *inode); /* * Snapshotting support. */ /* * These are internal functions, please use sb_start_{write,pagefault,intwrite} * instead. */ static inline void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_up_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } static inline void __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } static inline bool __sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb, int level) { return percpu_down_read_trylock(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } #define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) #define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) /** * sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible waiters * wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_end_pagefault - drop write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of processes handling write page fault to the filesystem. * Wake up possible waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_end_intwrite - drop write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement fs-internal number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible * waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } /** * sb_start_write - get write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process wants to write data or metadata to a file system (i.e. dirty * a page or an inode), it should embed the operation in a sb_start_write() - * sb_end_write() pair to get exclusion against file system freezing. This * function increments number of writers preventing freezing. If the file * system is already frozen, the function waits until the file system is * thawed. * * Since freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. Generally, * freeze protection should be the outermost lock. In particular, we have: * * sb_start_write * -> i_mutex (write path, truncate, directory ops, ...) * -> s_umount (freeze_super, thaw_super) */ static inline void sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } static inline bool sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_start_pagefault - get write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process starts handling write page fault, it should embed the * operation into sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() pair to get * exclusion against file system freezing. This is needed since the page fault * is going to dirty a page. This function increments number of running page * faults preventing freezing. If the file system is already frozen, the * function waits until the file system is thawed. * * Since page fault freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. It is advised to * put sb_start_pagefault() close to mmap_lock in lock ordering. Page fault * handling code implies lock dependency: * * mmap_lock * -> sb_start_pagefault */ static inline void sb_start_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /* * sb_start_intwrite - get write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we write to * * This is the third level of protection against filesystem freezing. It is * free for use by a filesystem. The only requirement is that it must rank * below sb_start_pagefault. * * For example filesystem can call sb_start_intwrite() when starting a * transaction which somewhat eases handling of freezing for internal sources * of filesystem changes (internal fs threads, discarding preallocation on file * close, etc.). */ static inline void sb_start_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } static inline bool sb_start_intwrite_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } extern bool inode_owner_or_capable(const struct inode *inode); /* * VFS helper functions.. */ extern int vfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); extern int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); extern int vfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); extern int vfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); extern int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int vfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **, unsigned int); static inline int vfs_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return vfs_mknod(dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } extern struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *, umode_t, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *); int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group); int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode); int vfs_utimes(const struct path *path, struct timespec64 *times); extern long vfs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern long compat_ptr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif /* * VFS file helper functions. */ extern void inode_init_owner(struct inode *inode, const struct inode *dir, umode_t mode); extern bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path); /* * This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let * the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have. * This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or * to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type. */ struct dir_context; typedef int (*filldir_t)(struct dir_context *, const char *, int, loff_t, u64, unsigned); struct dir_context { filldir_t actor; loff_t pos; }; /* * These flags let !MMU mmap() govern direct device mapping vs immediate * copying more easily for MAP_PRIVATE, especially for ROM filesystems. * * NOMMU_MAP_COPY: Copy can be mapped (MAP_PRIVATE) * NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT: Can be mapped directly (MAP_SHARED) * NOMMU_MAP_READ: Can be mapped for reading * NOMMU_MAP_WRITE: Can be mapped for writing * NOMMU_MAP_EXEC: Can be mapped for execution */ #define NOMMU_MAP_COPY 0x00000001 #define NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT 0x00000008 #define NOMMU_MAP_READ VM_MAYREAD #define NOMMU_MAP_WRITE VM_MAYWRITE #define NOMMU_MAP_EXEC VM_MAYEXEC #define NOMMU_VMFLAGS \ (NOMMU_MAP_READ | NOMMU_MAP_WRITE | NOMMU_MAP_EXEC) /* * These flags control the behavior of the remap_file_range function pointer. * If it is called with len == 0 that means "remap to end of source file". * See Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst for more details about this call. * * REMAP_FILE_DEDUP: only remap if contents identical (i.e. deduplicate) * REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN: caller can handle a shortened request */ #define REMAP_FILE_DEDUP (1 << 0) #define REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN (1 << 1) /* * These flags signal that the caller is ok with altering various aspects of * the behavior of the remap operation. The changes must be made by the * implementation; the vfs remap helper functions can take advantage of them. * Flags in this category exist to preserve the quirky behavior of the hoisted * btrfs clone/dedupe ioctls. */ #define REMAP_FILE_ADVISORY (REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN) struct iov_iter; struct file_operations { struct module *owner; loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*read_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*write_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int (*iopoll)(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool spin); int (*iterate) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); int (*iterate_shared) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); __poll_t (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long mmap_supported_flags; int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*flush) (struct file *, fl_owner_t id); int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*fsync) (struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int datasync); int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int); int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int); unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); int (*check_flags)(int); int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); long (*fallocate)(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); void (*show_fdinfo)(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU unsigned (*mmap_capabilities)(struct file *); #endif ssize_t (*copy_file_range)(struct file *, loff_t, struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); loff_t (*remap_file_range)(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); int (*fadvise)(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); } __randomize_layout; struct inode_operations { struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, unsigned int); const char * (*get_link) (struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); int (*permission) (struct inode *, int); struct posix_acl * (*get_acl)(struct inode *, int); int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int); int (*create) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*symlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,const char *); int (*mkdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t); int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t,dev_t); int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *); int (*getattr) (const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t); int (*fiemap)(struct inode *, struct fiemap_extent_info *, u64 start, u64 len); int (*update_time)(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); int (*atomic_open)(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct file *, unsigned open_flag, umode_t create_mode); int (*tmpfile) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*set_acl)(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline ssize_t call_read_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->read_iter(kio, iter); } static inline ssize_t call_write_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->write_iter(kio, iter); } static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma); } extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_copy_file_range(struct file *, loff_t , struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_copy_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern int generic_remap_file_range_prep(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t *count, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t do_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t vfs_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern int vfs_dedupe_file_range(struct file *file, struct file_dedupe_range *same); extern loff_t vfs_dedupe_file_range_one(struct file *src_file, loff_t src_pos, struct file *dst_file, loff_t dst_pos, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); struct super_operations { struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb); void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *); void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *, int flags); int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*drop_inode) (struct inode *); void (*evict_inode) (struct inode *); void (*put_super) (struct super_block *); int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait); int (*freeze_super) (struct super_block *); int (*freeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*thaw_super) (struct super_block *); int (*unfreeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*statfs) (struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *); void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *); int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_devname)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_stats)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t); ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t); struct dquot **(*get_dquots)(struct inode *); #endif int (*bdev_try_to_free_page)(struct super_block*, struct page*, gfp_t); long (*nr_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); long (*free_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); }; /* * Inode flags - they have no relation to superblock flags now */ #define S_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Writes are synced at once */ #define S_NOATIME (1 << 1) /* Do not update access times */ #define S_APPEND (1 << 2) /* Append-only file */ #define S_IMMUTABLE (1 << 3) /* Immutable file */ #define S_DEAD (1 << 4) /* removed, but still open directory */ #define S_NOQUOTA (1 << 5) /* Inode is not counted to quota */ #define S_DIRSYNC (1 << 6) /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define S_NOCMTIME (1 << 7) /* Do not update file c/mtime */ #define S_SWAPFILE (1 << 8) /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */ #define S_PRIVATE (1 << 9) /* Inode is fs-internal */ #define S_IMA (1 << 10) /* Inode has an associated IMA struct */ #define S_AUTOMOUNT (1 << 11) /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */ #define S_NOSEC (1 << 12) /* no suid or xattr security attributes */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define S_DAX (1 << 13) /* Direct Access, avoiding the page cache */ #else #define S_DAX 0 /* Make all the DAX code disappear */ #endif #define S_ENCRYPTED (1 << 14) /* Encrypted file (using fs/crypto/) */ #define S_CASEFOLD (1 << 15) /* Casefolded file */ #define S_VERITY (1 << 16) /* Verity file (using fs/verity/) */ /* * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system * flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be * possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some * ioctl() that is not currently implemented. * * Exception: SB_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system. * * Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted * with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their * i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount * flags, so these have to be checked separately. -- rmk@arm.uk.linux.org */ #define __IS_FLG(inode, flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg)) static inline bool sb_rdonly(const struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY; } #define IS_RDONLY(inode) sb_rdonly((inode)->i_sb) #define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC)) #define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS|SB_DIRSYNC) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC))) #define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_MANDLOCK) #define IS_NOATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_RDONLY|SB_NOATIME) #define IS_I_VERSION(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_I_VERSION) #define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA) #define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND) #define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE) #define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_POSIXACL) #define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD) #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME) #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE) #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE) #define IS_IMA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMA) #define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT) #define IS_NOSEC(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOSEC) #define IS_DAX(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DAX) #define IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_ENCRYPTED) #define IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_CASEFOLD) #define IS_VERITY(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_VERITY) #define IS_WHITEOUT(inode) (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && \ (inode)->i_rdev == WHITEOUT_DEV) static inline bool HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(struct inode *inode) { return !uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid); } static inline enum rw_hint file_write_hint(struct file *file) { if (file->f_write_hint != WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET) return file->f_write_hint; return file_inode(file)->i_write_hint; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file); static inline u16 ki_hint_validate(enum rw_hint hint) { typeof(((struct kiocb *)0)->ki_hint) max_hint = -1; if (hint <= max_hint) return hint; return 0; } static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = iocb_flags(filp), .ki_hint = ki_hint_validate(file_write_hint(filp)), .ki_ioprio = get_current_ioprio(), }; } static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = kiocb_src->ki_flags, .ki_hint = kiocb_src->ki_hint, .ki_ioprio = kiocb_src->ki_ioprio, .ki_pos = kiocb_src->ki_pos, }; } /* * Inode state bits. Protected by inode->i_lock * * Three bits determine the dirty state of the inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC, * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC and I_DIRTY_PAGES. * * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode. Initially, inodes are I_NEW, * until that flag is cleared. I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at * various stages of removing an inode. * * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_NEW and I_SYNC. * * I_DIRTY_SYNC Inode is dirty, but doesn't have to be written on * fdatasync(). i_atime is the usual cause. * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC Data-related inode changes pending. We keep track of * these changes separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC so that we * don't have to write inode on fdatasync() when only * mtime has changed in it. * I_DIRTY_PAGES Inode has dirty pages. Inode itself may be clean. * I_NEW Serves as both a mutex and completion notification. * New inodes set I_NEW. If two processes both create * the same inode, one of them will release its inode and * wait for I_NEW to be released before returning. * Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can * also cause waiting on I_NEW, without I_NEW actually * being set. find_inode() uses this to prevent returning * nearly-dead inodes. * I_WILL_FREE Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count * is zero. I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is * cleared. * I_FREEING Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty * pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still * dirty. * I_CLEAR Added by clear_inode(). In this state the inode is * clean and can be destroyed. Inode keeps I_FREEING. * * Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are * prohibited for many purposes. iget() must wait for * the inode to be completely released, then create it * anew. Other functions will just ignore such inodes, * if appropriate. I_NEW is used for waiting. * * I_SYNC Writeback of inode is running. The bit is set during * data writeback, and cleared with a wakeup on the bit * address once it is done. The bit is also used to pin * the inode in memory for flusher thread. * * I_REFERENCED Marks the inode as recently references on the LRU list. * * I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit(). * * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell * wb stat updates to grab the i_pages lock. See * inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() for details. * * I_OVL_INUSE Used by overlayfs to get exclusive ownership on upper * and work dirs among overlayfs mounts. * * I_CREATING New object's inode in the middle of setting up. * * I_DONTCACHE Evict inode as soon as it is not used anymore. * * I_SYNC_QUEUED Inode is queued in b_io or b_more_io writeback lists. * Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move * inode between dirty lists. * * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING? */ #define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0) #define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC (1 << 1) #define I_DIRTY_PAGES (1 << 2) #define __I_NEW 3 #define I_NEW (1 << __I_NEW) #define I_WILL_FREE (1 << 4) #define I_FREEING (1 << 5) #define I_CLEAR (1 << 6) #define __I_SYNC 7 #define I_SYNC (1 << __I_SYNC) #define I_REFERENCED (1 << 8) #define __I_DIO_WAKEUP 9 #define I_DIO_WAKEUP (1 << __I_DIO_WAKEUP) #define I_LINKABLE (1 << 10) #define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11) #define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13) #define I_OVL_INUSE (1 << 14) #define I_CREATING (1 << 15) #define I_DONTCACHE (1 << 16) #define I_SYNC_QUEUED (1 << 17) #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES) #define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME) extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int); static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY); } static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC); } extern void inc_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void drop_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void clear_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void set_nlink(struct inode *inode, unsigned int nlink); static inline void inode_inc_link_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } static inline void inode_dec_link_count(struct inode *inode) { drop_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } enum file_time_flags { S_ATIME = 1, S_MTIME = 2, S_CTIME = 4, S_VERSION = 8, }; extern bool atime_needs_update(const struct path *, struct inode *); extern void touch_atime(const struct path *); static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME)) touch_atime(&file->f_path); } extern int file_modified(struct file *file); int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc); int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait); struct file_system_type { const char *name; int fs_flags; #define FS_REQUIRES_DEV 1 #define FS_BINARY_MOUNTDATA 2 #define FS_HAS_SUBTYPE 4 #define FS_USERNS_MOUNT 8 /* Can be mounted by userns root */ #define FS_DISALLOW_NOTIFY_PERM 16 /* Disable fanotify permission events */ #define FS_THP_SUPPORT 8192 /* Remove once all fs converted */ #define FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE 32768 /* FS will handle d_move() during rename() internally. */ int (*init_fs_context)(struct fs_context *); const struct fs_parameter_spec *parameters; struct dentry *(*mount) (struct file_system_type *, int, const char *, void *); void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *); struct module *owner; struct file_system_type * next; struct hlist_head fs_supers; struct lock_class_key s_lock_key; struct lock_class_key s_umount_key; struct lock_class_key s_vfs_rename_key; struct lock_class_key s_writers_key[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; struct lock_class_key i_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_dir_key; }; #define MODULE_ALIAS_FS(NAME) MODULE_ALIAS("fs-" NAME) extern struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *path); void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *sb); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t); struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)); struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data); /* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */ #define fops_get(fops) \ (((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL)) #define fops_put(fops) \ do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0) /* * This one is to be used *ONLY* from ->open() instances. * fops must be non-NULL, pinned down *and* module dependencies * should be sufficient to pin the caller down as well. */ #define replace_fops(f, fops) \ do { \ struct file *__file = (f); \ fops_put(__file->f_op); \ BUG_ON(!(__file->f_op = (fops))); \ } while(0) extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *); extern void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *); extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *); extern long do_mount(const char *, const char __user *, const char *, unsigned long, void *); extern struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *); extern void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *); extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *, struct vfsmount *); extern int vfs_statfs(const struct path *, struct kstatfs *); extern int user_statfs(const char __user *, struct kstatfs *); extern int fd_statfs(int, struct kstatfs *); extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super); extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super); extern bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern __printf(2, 3) int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...); extern int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb); extern int current_umask(void); extern void ihold(struct inode * inode); extern void iput(struct inode *); extern int generic_update_time(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); /* /sys/fs */ extern struct kobject *fs_kobj; #define MAX_RW_COUNT (INT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING extern int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *); extern int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *, struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, unsigned char); /* * Candidates for mandatory locking have the setgid bit set * but no group execute bit - an otherwise meaningless combination. */ static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return (ino->i_mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == S_ISGID; } /* * ... and these candidates should be on SB_MANDLOCK mounted fs, * otherwise these will be advisory locks */ static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return IS_MANDLOCK(ino) && __mandatory_lock(ino); } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { if (mandatory_lock(locks_inode(file))) return locks_mandatory_locked(file); return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *f, loff_t size) { if (!inode->i_flctx || !mandatory_lock(inode)) return 0; if (size < inode->i_size) { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, size, inode->i_size - 1, F_WRLCK); } else { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, inode->i_size, size - 1, F_WRLCK); } } #else /* !CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, unsigned char type) { return 0; } static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, size_t size) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_LEASE); return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_DELEG); return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(inode, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK); if (ret == -EWOULDBLOCK && delegated_inode) { *delegated_inode = inode; ihold(inode); } return ret; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(*delegated_inode, O_WRONLY); iput(*delegated_inode); *delegated_inode = NULL; return ret; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, wait ? O_WRONLY : O_WRONLY | O_NONBLOCK, FL_LAYOUT); return 0; } #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ /* fs/open.c */ struct audit_names; struct filename { const char *name; /* pointer to actual string */ const __user char *uptr; /* original userland pointer */ int refcnt; struct audit_names *aname; const char iname[]; }; static_assert(offsetof(struct filename, iname) % sizeof(long) == 0); extern long vfs_truncate(const struct path *, loff_t); extern int do_truncate(struct dentry *, loff_t start, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp); extern int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); extern struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file * dentry_open(const struct path *, int, const struct cred *); extern struct file * open_with_fake_path(const struct path *, int, struct inode*, const struct cred *); static inline struct file *file_clone_open(struct file *file) { return dentry_open(&file->f_path, file->f_flags, file->f_cred); } extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id); extern struct filename *getname_flags(const char __user *, int, int *); extern struct filename *getname(const char __user *); extern struct filename *getname_kernel(const char *); extern void putname(struct filename *name); extern int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)); extern int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry); /* fs/dcache.c */ extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void); extern void __init vfs_caches_init(void); extern struct kmem_cache *names_cachep; #define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, GFP_KERNEL) #define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name)) extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock; static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLOCK) && sb == blockdev_superblock; } void emergency_thaw_all(void); extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *); extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops; extern const struct file_operations def_chr_fops; /* fs/char_dev.c */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 /* Marks the bottom of the first segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_END 234 /* Marks the top and bottom of the second segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_START 511 #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_END 384 extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *); extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *); extern int __register_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops); extern void __unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name); extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned); extern void chrdev_show(struct seq_file *,off_t); static inline int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops) { return __register_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name, fops); } static inline void unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name) { __unregister_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name); } extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t); /* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */ extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern bool is_bad_inode(struct inode *); unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); void invalidate_mapping_pagevec(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec); static inline void invalidate_remote_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) invalidate_mapping_pages(inode->i_mapping, 0, -1); } extern int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping); extern int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); extern int write_inode_now(struct inode *, int); extern int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_flush(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte); static inline int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode); extern int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err); static inline int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern int __must_check file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __must_check file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file); extern int __must_check file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end); static inline int file_write_and_wait(struct file *file) { return file_write_and_wait_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX); } /** * filemap_set_wb_err - set a writeback error on an address_space * @mapping: mapping in which to set writeback error * @err: error to be set in mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * filemap_set_wb_err to record the error in the mapping so that it will be * automatically reported whenever fsync is called on the file. */ static inline void filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { /* Fastpath for common case of no error */ if (unlikely(err)) __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, err); } /** * filemap_check_wb_err - has an error occurred since the mark was sampled? * @mapping: mapping to check for writeback errors * @since: previously-sampled errseq_t * * Grab the errseq_t value from the mapping, and see if it has changed "since" * the given value was sampled. * * If it has then report the latest error set, otherwise return 0. */ static inline int filemap_check_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, errseq_t since) { return errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, since); } /** * filemap_sample_wb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @mapping: mapping to be sampled * * Writeback errors are always reported relative to a particular sample point * in the past. This function provides those sample points. */ static inline errseq_t filemap_sample_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping) { return errseq_sample(&mapping->wb_err); } /** * file_sample_sb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @file: file pointer to be sampled * * Grab the most current superblock-level errseq_t value for the given * struct file. */ static inline errseq_t file_sample_sb_err(struct file *file) { return errseq_sample(&file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_wb_err); } extern int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync); extern int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags); /* * Sync the bytes written if this was a synchronous write. Expect ki_pos * to already be updated for the write, and will return either the amount * of bytes passed in, or an error if syncing the file failed. */ static inline ssize_t generic_write_sync(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t count) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC) { int ret = vfs_fsync_range(iocb->ki_filp, iocb->ki_pos - count, iocb->ki_pos - 1, (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_SYNC) ? 0 : 1); if (ret) return ret; } return count; } extern void emergency_sync(void); extern void emergency_remount(void); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block); #else static inline int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block) { return -EINVAL; } #endif extern int notify_change(struct dentry *, struct iattr *, struct inode **); extern int inode_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int generic_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); static inline bool execute_ok(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); } static inline bool inode_wrong_type(const struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return (inode->i_mode ^ mode) & S_IFMT; } static inline void file_start_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline bool file_start_write_trylock(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return true; return sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline void file_end_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; __sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /* * get_write_access() gets write permission for a file. * put_write_access() releases this write permission. * This is used for regular files. * We cannot support write (and maybe mmap read-write shared) accesses and * MAP_DENYWRITE mmappings simultaneously. The i_writecount field of an inode * can have the following values: * 0: no writers, no VM_DENYWRITE mappings * < 0: (-i_writecount) vm_area_structs with VM_DENYWRITE set exist * > 0: (i_writecount) users are writing to the file. * * Normally we operate on that counter with atomic_{inc,dec} and it's safe * except for the cases where we don't hold i_writecount yet. Then we need to * use {get,deny}_write_access() - these functions check the sign and refuse * to do the change if sign is wrong. */ static inline int get_write_access(struct inode *inode) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline int deny_write_access(struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode) { atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount); } static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file) { if (file) atomic_inc(&file_inode(file)->i_writecount); } static inline bool inode_is_open_for_write(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) > 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount)); atomic_dec(&inode->i_readcount); } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_readcount); } #else static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { return; } #endif extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int); extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t __kernel_read(struct file *file, void *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos); extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern struct file * open_exec(const char *); /* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */ extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *); extern char *file_path(struct file *, char *, int); #include <linux/err.h> /* needed for stackable file system support */ extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *); extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *); extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *); extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t); extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode); extern int generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode); static inline int generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return !inode->i_nlink || inode_unhashed(inode); } extern void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *ilookup5_nowait(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino); extern struct inode *inode_insert5(struct inode *inode, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern struct inode *find_inode_nowait(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*match)(struct inode *, unsigned long, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *find_inode_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode *find_inode_by_ino_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern int insert_inode_locked4(struct inode *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern int insert_inode_locked(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC extern void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode); #else static inline void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode) { }; #endif extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *); extern void discard_new_inode(struct inode *); extern unsigned int get_next_ino(void); extern void evict_inodes(struct super_block *sb); /* * Userspace may rely on the the inode number being non-zero. For example, glibc * simply ignores files with zero i_ino in unlink() and other places. * * As an additional complication, if userspace was compiled with * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=32 on a 64-bit kernel we'll only end up reading out the * lower 32 bits, so we need to check that those aren't zero explicitly. With * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64, this may cause some harmless false-negatives, but * better safe than sorry. */ static inline bool is_zero_ino(ino_t ino) { return (u32)ino == 0; } extern void __iget(struct inode * inode); extern void iget_failed(struct inode *); extern void clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void __destroy_inode(struct inode *); extern struct inode *new_inode_pseudo(struct super_block *sb); extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void free_inode_nonrcu(struct inode *inode); extern int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *); extern int file_remove_privs(struct file *); extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval); static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { __insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino); } extern void __remove_inode_hash(struct inode *); static inline void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_unhashed(inode) && !hlist_fake(&inode->i_hash)) __remove_inode_hash(inode); } extern void inode_sb_list_add(struct inode *inode); extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern ssize_t generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern int generic_write_check_limits(struct file *file, loff_t pos, loff_t *count); extern int generic_file_rw_checks(struct file *file_in, struct file *file_out); extern ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to, ssize_t already_read); extern ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *, struct iov_iter *, loff_t); ssize_t vfs_iter_read(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iter_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_read(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); /* fs/block_dev.c */ extern ssize_t blkdev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to); extern ssize_t blkdev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from); extern int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern void block_sync_page(struct page *page); /* fs/splice.c */ extern ssize_t generic_file_splice_read(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t iter_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_splice_sendpage(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct file *out, loff_t *, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern long do_splice_direct(struct file *in, loff_t *ppos, struct file *out, loff_t *opos, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping); extern loff_t noop_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_setpos(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek_size(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t maxsize, loff_t eof); extern loff_t fixed_size_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t size); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek_size(struct file *, loff_t, int, loff_t); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int stream_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK typedef void (dio_submit_t)(struct bio *bio, struct inode *inode, loff_t file_offset); enum { /* need locking between buffered and direct access */ DIO_LOCKING = 0x01, /* filesystem does not support filling holes */ DIO_SKIP_HOLES = 0x02, }; ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block, dio_iodone_t end_io, dio_submit_t submit_io, int flags); static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block) { return __blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iter, get_block, NULL, NULL, DIO_LOCKING | DIO_SKIP_HOLES); } #endif void inode_dio_wait(struct inode *inode); /* * inode_dio_begin - signal start of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_begin(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_dio_count); } /* * inode_dio_end - signal finish of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_end(struct inode *inode) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&inode->i_dio_count)) wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_DIO_WAKEUP); } /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure diring a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp); extern void inode_set_flags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask); extern const struct file_operations generic_ro_fops; #define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m)) extern int readlink_copy(char __user *, int, const char *); extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern void page_put_link(void *); extern int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs); extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len); extern const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations; extern void kfree_link(void *); extern void generic_fillattr(struct inode *, struct kstat *); extern int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int vfs_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); void __inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void __inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); static inline loff_t __inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode) { return (((loff_t)inode->i_blocks) << 9) + inode->i_bytes; } loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode); void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations; extern int iterate_dir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int vfs_fstatat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat, int flags); int vfs_fstat(int fd, struct kstat *stat); static inline int vfs_stat(const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, filename, stat, 0); } static inline int vfs_lstat(const char __user *name, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, name, stat, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } extern const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *, struct delayed_call *); extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern struct file_system_type *get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name); extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_thawed(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_exclusive_thawed(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev); extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb); extern void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb); extern void iterate_supers(void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *, void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *); extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *); extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); extern int simple_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int simple_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int simple_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); extern int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)); extern int noop_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int noop_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); extern void noop_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); extern ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *); extern int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page); extern int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int simple_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); extern int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *); extern int simple_nosetlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations; extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations; extern const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations; extern void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); extern bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); struct tree_descr { const char *name; const struct file_operations *ops; int mode; }; struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *); extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, unsigned long, const struct tree_descr *); extern int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); extern ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count); extern int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str); extern int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len, const char *str, const struct qstr *name); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); extern int buffer_migrate_page_norefs(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #else #define buffer_migrate_page NULL #define buffer_migrate_page_norefs NULL #endif extern int setattr_prepare(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset); extern void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr); extern int file_update_time(struct file *file); static inline bool vma_is_dax(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_file && IS_DAX(vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host); } static inline bool vma_is_fsdax(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode; if (!vma->vm_file) return false; if (!vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) return false; /* device-dax */ return true; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file) { int res = 0; if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) res |= IOCB_APPEND; if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) res |= IOCB_DIRECT; if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host)) res |= IOCB_DSYNC; if (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) res |= IOCB_SYNC; return res; } static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags) { int kiocb_flags = 0; /* make sure there's no overlap between RWF and private IOCB flags */ BUILD_BUG_ON((__force int) RWF_SUPPORTED & IOCB_EVENTFD); if (!flags) return 0; if (unlikely(flags & ~RWF_SUPPORTED)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (flags & RWF_NOWAIT) { if (!(ki->ki_filp->f_mode & FMODE_NOWAIT)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kiocb_flags |= IOCB_NOIO; } kiocb_flags |= (__force int) (flags & RWF_SUPPORTED); if (flags & RWF_SYNC) kiocb_flags |= IOCB_DSYNC; ki->ki_flags |= kiocb_flags; return 0; } static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { ino_t res; /* * Don't strictly need d_lock here? If the parent ino could change * then surely we'd have a deeper race in the caller? */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return res; } /* Transaction based IO helpers */ /* * An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the * size of the argument or response, along with its content */ struct simple_transaction_argresp { ssize_t size; char data[]; }; #define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp)) char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n); /* * simple attribute files * * These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs: * * Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be * written to multiple times. * * Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get * read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read * completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened * again. * * All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value * that are accessed with the get() and set() functions. */ #define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \ static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ __simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \ return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \ } \ static const struct file_operations __fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __fops ## _open, \ .release = simple_attr_release, \ .read = simple_attr_read, \ .write = simple_attr_write, \ .llseek = generic_file_llseek, \ } static inline __printf(1, 2) void __simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { /* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */ } int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); struct ctl_table; int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_inodes(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int __init get_filesystem_list(char *buf); #define __FMODE_EXEC ((__force int) FMODE_EXEC) #define __FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force int) FMODE_NONOTIFY) #define ACC_MODE(x) ("\004\002\006\006"[(x)&O_ACCMODE]) #define OPEN_FMODE(flag) ((__force fmode_t)(((flag + 1) & O_ACCMODE) | \ (flag & __FMODE_NONOTIFY))) static inline bool is_sxid(umode_t mode) { return (mode & S_ISUID) || ((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)); } static inline int check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { if (!(dir->i_mode & S_ISVTX)) return 0; return __check_sticky(dir, inode); } static inline void inode_has_no_xattr(struct inode *inode) { if (!is_sxid(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_NOSEC)) inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC; } static inline bool is_root_inode(struct inode *inode) { return inode == inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode; } static inline bool dir_emit(struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, int namelen, u64 ino, unsigned type) { return ctx->actor(ctx, name, namelen, ctx->pos, ino, type) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, ".", 1, ctx->pos, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino, DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dotdot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, "..", 2, ctx->pos, parent_ino(file->f_path.dentry), DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dots(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { if (ctx->pos == 0) { if (!dir_emit_dot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 1;