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1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright(C) 2005-2006, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005-2007, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright(C) 2006-2007 Timesys Corp., Thomas Gleixner * * No idle tick implementation for low and high resolution timers * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar */ #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/profile.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/stat.h> #include <linux/sched/nohz.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/context_tracking.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/irq_regs.h> #include "tick-internal.h" #include <trace/events/timer.h> /* * Per-CPU nohz control structure */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct tick_sched, tick_cpu_sched); struct tick_sched *tick_get_tick_sched(int cpu) { return &per_cpu(tick_cpu_sched, cpu); } #if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON) || defined(CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS) /* * The time, when the last jiffy update happened. Protected by jiffies_lock. */ static ktime_t last_jiffies_update; /* * Must be called with interrupts disabled ! */ static void tick_do_update_jiffies64(ktime_t now) { unsigned long ticks = 0; ktime_t delta; /* * Do a quick check without holding jiffies_lock: * The READ_ONCE() pairs with two updates done later in this function. */ delta = ktime_sub(now, READ_ONCE(last_jiffies_update)); if (delta < tick_period) return; /* Reevaluate with jiffies_lock held */ raw_spin_lock(&jiffies_lock); write_seqcount_begin(&jiffies_seq); delta = ktime_sub(now, last_jiffies_update); if (delta >= tick_period) { delta = ktime_sub(delta, tick_period); /* Pairs with the lockless read in this function. */ WRITE_ONCE(last_jiffies_update, ktime_add(last_jiffies_update, tick_period)); /* Slow path for long timeouts */ if (unlikely(delta >= tick_period)) { s64 incr = ktime_to_ns(tick_period); ticks = ktime_divns(delta, incr); /* Pairs with the lockless read in this function. */ WRITE_ONCE(last_jiffies_update, ktime_add_ns(last_jiffies_update, incr * ticks)); } do_timer(++ticks); /* Keep the tick_next_period variable up to date */ tick_next_period = ktime_add(last_jiffies_update, tick_period); } else { write_seqcount_end(&jiffies_seq); raw_spin_unlock(&jiffies_lock); return; } write_seqcount_end(&jiffies_seq); raw_spin_unlock(&jiffies_lock); update_wall_time(); } /* * Initialize and return retrieve the jiffies update. */ static ktime_t tick_init_jiffy_update(void) { ktime_t period; raw_spin_lock(&jiffies_lock); write_seqcount_begin(&jiffies_seq); /* Did we start the jiffies update yet ? */ if (last_jiffies_update == 0) last_jiffies_update = tick_next_period; period = last_jiffies_update; write_seqcount_end(&jiffies_seq); raw_spin_unlock(&jiffies_lock); return period; } static void tick_sched_do_timer(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now) { int cpu = smp_processor_id(); #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON /* * Check if the do_timer duty was dropped. We don't care about * concurrency: This happens only when the CPU in charge went * into a long sleep. If two CPUs happen to assign themselves to * this duty, then the jiffies update is still serialized by * jiffies_lock. * * If nohz_full is enabled, this should not happen because the * tick_do_timer_cpu never relinquishes. */ if (unlikely(tick_do_timer_cpu == TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE)) { #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL WARN_ON(tick_nohz_full_running); #endif tick_do_timer_cpu = cpu; } #endif /* Check, if the jiffies need an update */ if (tick_do_timer_cpu == cpu) tick_do_update_jiffies64(now); if (ts->inidle) ts->got_idle_tick = 1; } static void tick_sched_handle(struct tick_sched *ts, struct pt_regs *regs) { #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON /* * When we are idle and the tick is stopped, we have to touch * the watchdog as we might not schedule for a really long * time. This happens on complete idle SMP systems while * waiting on the login prompt. We also increment the "start of * idle" jiffy stamp so the idle accounting adjustment we do * when we go busy again does not account too much ticks. */ if (ts->tick_stopped) { touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(); if (is_idle_task(current)) ts->idle_jiffies++; /* * In case the current tick fired too early past its expected * expiration, make sure we don't bypass the next clock reprogramming * to the same deadline. */ ts->next_tick = 0; } #endif update_process_times(user_mode(regs)); profile_tick(CPU_PROFILING); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL cpumask_var_t tick_nohz_full_mask; bool tick_nohz_full_running; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tick_nohz_full_running); static atomic_t tick_dep_mask; static bool check_tick_dependency(atomic_t *dep) { int val = atomic_read(dep); if (val & TICK_DEP_MASK_POSIX_TIMER) { trace_tick_stop(0, TICK_DEP_MASK_POSIX_TIMER); return true; } if (val & TICK_DEP_MASK_PERF_EVENTS) { trace_tick_stop(0, TICK_DEP_MASK_PERF_EVENTS); return true; } if (val & TICK_DEP_MASK_SCHED) { trace_tick_stop(0, TICK_DEP_MASK_SCHED); return true; } if (val & TICK_DEP_MASK_CLOCK_UNSTABLE) { trace_tick_stop(0, TICK_DEP_MASK_CLOCK_UNSTABLE); return true; } if (val & TICK_DEP_MASK_RCU) { trace_tick_stop(0, TICK_DEP_MASK_RCU); return true; } return false; } static bool can_stop_full_tick(int cpu, struct tick_sched *ts) { lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); if (unlikely(!cpu_online(cpu))) return false; if (check_tick_dependency(&tick_dep_mask)) return false; if (check_tick_dependency(&ts->tick_dep_mask)) return false; if (check_tick_dependency(&current->tick_dep_mask)) return false; if (check_tick_dependency(&current->signal->tick_dep_mask)) return false; return true; } static void nohz_full_kick_func(struct irq_work *work) { /* Empty, the tick restart happens on tick_nohz_irq_exit() */ } static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct irq_work, nohz_full_kick_work) = { .func = nohz_full_kick_func, .flags = ATOMIC_INIT(IRQ_WORK_HARD_IRQ), }; /* * Kick this CPU if it's full dynticks in order to force it to * re-evaluate its dependency on the tick and restart it if necessary. * This kick, unlike tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu() and tick_nohz_full_kick_all(), * is NMI safe. */ static void tick_nohz_full_kick(void) { if (!tick_nohz_full_cpu(smp_processor_id())) return; irq_work_queue(this_cpu_ptr(&nohz_full_kick_work)); } /* * Kick the CPU if it's full dynticks in order to force it to * re-evaluate its dependency on the tick and restart it if necessary. */ void tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(int cpu) { if (!tick_nohz_full_cpu(cpu)) return; irq_work_queue_on(&per_cpu(nohz_full_kick_work, cpu), cpu); } /* * Kick all full dynticks CPUs in order to force these to re-evaluate * their dependency on the tick and restart it if necessary. */ static void tick_nohz_full_kick_all(void) { int cpu; if (!tick_nohz_full_running) return; preempt_disable(); for_each_cpu_and(cpu, tick_nohz_full_mask, cpu_online_mask) tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(cpu); preempt_enable(); } static void tick_nohz_dep_set_all(atomic_t *dep, enum tick_dep_bits bit) { int prev; prev = atomic_fetch_or(BIT(bit), dep); if (!prev) tick_nohz_full_kick_all(); } /* * Set a global tick dependency. Used by perf events that rely on freq and * by unstable clock. */ void tick_nohz_dep_set(enum tick_dep_bits bit) { tick_nohz_dep_set_all(&tick_dep_mask, bit); } void tick_nohz_dep_clear(enum tick_dep_bits bit) { atomic_andnot(BIT(bit), &tick_dep_mask); } /* * Set per-CPU tick dependency. Used by scheduler and perf events in order to * manage events throttling. */ void tick_nohz_dep_set_cpu(int cpu, enum tick_dep_bits bit) { int prev; struct tick_sched *ts; ts = per_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched, cpu); prev = atomic_fetch_or(BIT(bit), &ts->tick_dep_mask); if (!prev) { preempt_disable(); /* Perf needs local kick that is NMI safe */ if (cpu == smp_processor_id()) { tick_nohz_full_kick(); } else { /* Remote irq work not NMI-safe */ if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(in_nmi())) tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(cpu); } preempt_enable(); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tick_nohz_dep_set_cpu); void tick_nohz_dep_clear_cpu(int cpu, enum tick_dep_bits bit) { struct tick_sched *ts = per_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched, cpu); atomic_andnot(BIT(bit), &ts->tick_dep_mask); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tick_nohz_dep_clear_cpu); /* * Set a per-task tick dependency. RCU need this. Also posix CPU timers * in order to elapse per task timers. */ void tick_nohz_dep_set_task(struct task_struct *tsk, enum tick_dep_bits bit) { if (!atomic_fetch_or(BIT(bit), &tsk->tick_dep_mask)) { if (tsk == current) { preempt_disable(); tick_nohz_full_kick(); preempt_enable(); } else { /* * Some future tick_nohz_full_kick_task() * should optimize this. */ tick_nohz_full_kick_all(); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tick_nohz_dep_set_task); void tick_nohz_dep_clear_task(struct task_struct *tsk, enum tick_dep_bits bit) { atomic_andnot(BIT(bit), &tsk->tick_dep_mask); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tick_nohz_dep_clear_task); /* * Set a per-taskgroup tick dependency. Posix CPU timers need this in order to elapse * per process timers. */ void tick_nohz_dep_set_signal(struct signal_struct *sig, enum tick_dep_bits bit) { tick_nohz_dep_set_all(&sig->tick_dep_mask, bit); } void tick_nohz_dep_clear_signal(struct signal_struct *sig, enum tick_dep_bits bit) { atomic_andnot(BIT(bit), &sig->tick_dep_mask); } /* * Re-evaluate the need for the tick as we switch the current task. * It might need the tick due to per task/process properties: * perf events, posix CPU timers, ... */ void __tick_nohz_task_switch(void) { unsigned long flags; struct tick_sched *ts; local_irq_save(flags); if (!tick_nohz_full_cpu(smp_processor_id())) goto out; ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); if (ts->tick_stopped) { if (atomic_read(&current->tick_dep_mask) || atomic_read(&current->signal->tick_dep_mask)) tick_nohz_full_kick(); } out: local_irq_restore(flags); } /* Get the boot-time nohz CPU list from the kernel parameters. */ void __init tick_nohz_full_setup(cpumask_var_t cpumask) { alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&tick_nohz_full_mask); cpumask_copy(tick_nohz_full_mask, cpumask); tick_nohz_full_running = true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tick_nohz_full_setup); static int tick_nohz_cpu_down(unsigned int cpu) { /* * The tick_do_timer_cpu CPU handles housekeeping duty (unbound * timers, workqueues, timekeeping, ...) on behalf of full dynticks * CPUs. It must remain online when nohz full is enabled. */ if (tick_nohz_full_running && tick_do_timer_cpu == cpu) return -EBUSY; return 0; } void __init tick_nohz_init(void) { int cpu, ret; if (!tick_nohz_full_running) return; /* * Full dynticks uses irq work to drive the tick rescheduling on safe * locking contexts. But then we need irq work to raise its own * interrupts to avoid circular dependency on the tick */ if (!arch_irq_work_has_interrupt()) { pr_warn("NO_HZ: Can't run full dynticks because arch doesn't support irq work self-IPIs\n"); cpumask_clear(tick_nohz_full_mask); tick_nohz_full_running = false; return; } if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP) && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP_NONZERO_CPU)) { cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tick_nohz_full_mask)) { pr_warn("NO_HZ: Clearing %d from nohz_full range " "for timekeeping\n", cpu); cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, tick_nohz_full_mask); } } for_each_cpu(cpu, tick_nohz_full_mask) context_tracking_cpu_set(cpu); ret = cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN, "kernel/nohz:predown", NULL, tick_nohz_cpu_down); WARN_ON(ret < 0); pr_info("NO_HZ: Full dynticks CPUs: %*pbl.\n", cpumask_pr_args(tick_nohz_full_mask)); } #endif /* * NOHZ - aka dynamic tick functionality */ #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON /* * NO HZ enabled ? */ bool tick_nohz_enabled __read_mostly = true; unsigned long tick_nohz_active __read_mostly; /* * Enable / Disable tickless mode */ static int __init setup_tick_nohz(char *str) { return (kstrtobool(str, &tick_nohz_enabled) == 0); } __setup("nohz=", setup_tick_nohz); bool tick_nohz_tick_stopped(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); return ts->tick_stopped; } bool tick_nohz_tick_stopped_cpu(int cpu) { struct tick_sched *ts = per_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched, cpu); return ts->tick_stopped; } /** * tick_nohz_update_jiffies - update jiffies when idle was interrupted * * Called from interrupt entry when the CPU was idle * * In case the sched_tick was stopped on this CPU, we have to check if jiffies * must be updated. Otherwise an interrupt handler could use a stale jiffy * value. We do this unconditionally on any CPU, as we don't know whether the * CPU, which has the update task assigned is in a long sleep. */ static void tick_nohz_update_jiffies(ktime_t now) { unsigned long flags; __this_cpu_write(tick_cpu_sched.idle_waketime, now); local_irq_save(flags); tick_do_update_jiffies64(now); local_irq_restore(flags); touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(); } /* * Updates the per-CPU time idle statistics counters */ static void update_ts_time_stats(int cpu, struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now, u64 *last_update_time) { ktime_t delta; if (ts->idle_active) { delta = ktime_sub(now, ts->idle_entrytime); if (nr_iowait_cpu(cpu) > 0) ts->iowait_sleeptime = ktime_add(ts->iowait_sleeptime, delta); else ts->idle_sleeptime = ktime_add(ts->idle_sleeptime, delta); ts->idle_entrytime = now; } if (last_update_time) *last_update_time = ktime_to_us(now); } static void tick_nohz_stop_idle(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now) { update_ts_time_stats(smp_processor_id(), ts, now, NULL); ts->idle_active = 0; sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(); } static void tick_nohz_start_idle(struct tick_sched *ts) { ts->idle_entrytime = ktime_get(); ts->idle_active = 1; sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(); } /** * get_cpu_idle_time_us - get the total idle time of a CPU * @cpu: CPU number to query * @last_update_time: variable to store update time in. Do not update * counters if NULL. * * Return the cumulative idle time (since boot) for a given * CPU, in microseconds. * * This time is measured via accounting rather than sampling, * and is as accurate as ktime_get() is. * * This function returns -1 if NOHZ is not enabled. */ u64 get_cpu_idle_time_us(int cpu, u64 *last_update_time) { struct tick_sched *ts = &per_cpu(tick_cpu_sched, cpu); ktime_t now, idle; if (!tick_nohz_active) return -1; now = ktime_get(); if (last_update_time) { update_ts_time_stats(cpu, ts, now, last_update_time); idle = ts->idle_sleeptime; } else { if (ts->idle_active && !nr_iowait_cpu(cpu)) { ktime_t delta = ktime_sub(now, ts->idle_entrytime); idle = ktime_add(ts->idle_sleeptime, delta); } else { idle = ts->idle_sleeptime; } } return ktime_to_us(idle); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_cpu_idle_time_us); /** * get_cpu_iowait_time_us - get the total iowait time of a CPU * @cpu: CPU number to query * @last_update_time: variable to store update time in. Do not update * counters if NULL. * * Return the cumulative iowait time (since boot) for a given * CPU, in microseconds. * * This time is measured via accounting rather than sampling, * and is as accurate as ktime_get() is. * * This function returns -1 if NOHZ is not enabled. */ u64 get_cpu_iowait_time_us(int cpu, u64 *last_update_time) { struct tick_sched *ts = &per_cpu(tick_cpu_sched, cpu); ktime_t now, iowait; if (!tick_nohz_active) return -1; now = ktime_get(); if (last_update_time) { update_ts_time_stats(cpu, ts, now, last_update_time); iowait = ts->iowait_sleeptime; } else { if (ts->idle_active && nr_iowait_cpu(cpu) > 0) { ktime_t delta = ktime_sub(now, ts->idle_entrytime); iowait = ktime_add(ts->iowait_sleeptime, delta); } else { iowait = ts->iowait_sleeptime; } } return ktime_to_us(iowait); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_cpu_iowait_time_us); static void tick_nohz_restart(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now) { hrtimer_cancel(&ts->sched_timer); hrtimer_set_expires(&ts->sched_timer, ts->last_tick); /* Forward the time to expire in the future */ hrtimer_forward(&ts->sched_timer, now, tick_period); if (ts->nohz_mode == NOHZ_MODE_HIGHRES) { hrtimer_start_expires(&ts->sched_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD); } else { tick_program_event(hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer), 1); } /* * Reset to make sure next tick stop doesn't get fooled by past * cached clock deadline. */ ts->next_tick = 0; } static inline bool local_timer_softirq_pending(void) { return local_softirq_pending() & BIT(TIMER_SOFTIRQ); } static ktime_t tick_nohz_next_event(struct tick_sched *ts, int cpu) { u64 basemono, next_tick, next_tmr, next_rcu, delta, expires; unsigned long basejiff; unsigned int seq; /* Read jiffies and the time when jiffies were updated last */ do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&jiffies_seq); basemono = last_jiffies_update; basejiff = jiffies; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&jiffies_seq, seq)); ts->last_jiffies = basejiff; ts->timer_expires_base = basemono; /* * Keep the periodic tick, when RCU, architecture or irq_work * requests it. * Aside of that check whether the local timer softirq is * pending. If so its a bad idea to call get_next_timer_interrupt() * because there is an already expired timer, so it will request * immeditate expiry, which rearms the hardware timer with a * minimal delta which brings us back to this place * immediately. Lather, rinse and repeat... */ if (rcu_needs_cpu(basemono, &next_rcu) || arch_needs_cpu() || irq_work_needs_cpu() || local_timer_softirq_pending()) { next_tick = basemono + TICK_NSEC; } else { /* * Get the next pending timer. If high resolution * timers are enabled this only takes the timer wheel * timers into account. If high resolution timers are * disabled this also looks at the next expiring * hrtimer. */ next_tmr = get_next_timer_interrupt(basejiff, basemono); ts->next_timer = next_tmr; /* Take the next rcu event into account */ next_tick = next_rcu < next_tmr ? next_rcu : next_tmr; } /* * If the tick is due in the next period, keep it ticking or * force prod the timer. */ delta = next_tick - basemono; if (delta <= (u64)TICK_NSEC) { /* * Tell the timer code that the base is not idle, i.e. undo * the effect of get_next_timer_interrupt(): */ timer_clear_idle(); /* * We've not stopped the tick yet, and there's a timer in the * next period, so no point in stopping it either, bail. */ if (!ts->tick_stopped) { ts->timer_expires = 0; goto out; } } /* * If this CPU is the one which had the do_timer() duty last, we limit * the sleep time to the timekeeping max_deferment value. * Otherwise we can sleep as long as we want. */ delta = timekeeping_max_deferment(); if (cpu != tick_do_timer_cpu && (tick_do_timer_cpu != TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE || !ts->do_timer_last)) delta = KTIME_MAX; /* Calculate the next expiry time */ if (delta < (KTIME_MAX - basemono)) expires = basemono + delta; else expires = KTIME_MAX; ts->timer_expires = min_t(u64, expires, next_tick); out: return ts->timer_expires; } static void tick_nohz_stop_tick(struct tick_sched *ts, int cpu) { struct clock_event_device *dev = __this_cpu_read(tick_cpu_device.evtdev); u64 basemono = ts->timer_expires_base; u64 expires = ts->timer_expires; ktime_t tick = expires; /* Make sure we won't be trying to stop it twice in a row. */ ts->timer_expires_base = 0; /* * If this CPU is the one which updates jiffies, then give up * the assignment and let it be taken by the CPU which runs * the tick timer next, which might be this CPU as well. If we * don't drop this here the jiffies might be stale and * do_timer() never invoked. Keep track of the fact that it * was the one which had the do_timer() duty last. */ if (cpu == tick_do_timer_cpu) { tick_do_timer_cpu = TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE; ts->do_timer_last = 1; } else if (tick_do_timer_cpu != TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE) { ts->do_timer_last = 0; } /* Skip reprogram of event if its not changed */ if (ts->tick_stopped && (expires == ts->next_tick)) { /* Sanity check: make sure clockevent is actually programmed */ if (tick == KTIME_MAX || ts->next_tick == hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer)) return; WARN_ON_ONCE(1); printk_once("basemono: %llu ts->next_tick: %llu dev->next_event: %llu timer->active: %d timer->expires: %llu\n", basemono, ts->next_tick, dev->next_event, hrtimer_active(&ts->sched_timer), hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer)); } /* * nohz_stop_sched_tick can be called several times before * the nohz_restart_sched_tick is called. This happens when * interrupts arrive which do not cause a reschedule. In the * first call we save the current tick time, so we can restart * the scheduler tick in nohz_restart_sched_tick. */ if (!ts->tick_stopped) { calc_load_nohz_start(); quiet_vmstat(); ts->last_tick = hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer); ts->tick_stopped = 1; trace_tick_stop(1, TICK_DEP_MASK_NONE); } ts->next_tick = tick; /* * If the expiration time == KTIME_MAX, then we simply stop * the tick timer. */ if (unlikely(expires == KTIME_MAX)) { if (ts->nohz_mode == NOHZ_MODE_HIGHRES) hrtimer_cancel(&ts->sched_timer); return; } if (ts->nohz_mode == NOHZ_MODE_HIGHRES) { hrtimer_start(&ts->sched_timer, tick, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD); } else { hrtimer_set_expires(&ts->sched_timer, tick); tick_program_event(tick, 1); } } static void tick_nohz_retain_tick(struct tick_sched *ts) { ts->timer_expires_base = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL static void tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts, int cpu) { if (tick_nohz_next_event(ts, cpu)) tick_nohz_stop_tick(ts, cpu); else tick_nohz_retain_tick(ts); } #endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */ static void tick_nohz_restart_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now) { /* Update jiffies first */ tick_do_update_jiffies64(now); /* * Clear the timer idle flag, so we avoid IPIs on remote queueing and * the clock forward checks in the enqueue path: */ timer_clear_idle(); calc_load_nohz_stop(); touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(); /* * Cancel the scheduled timer and restore the tick */ ts->tick_stopped = 0; ts->idle_exittime = now; tick_nohz_restart(ts, now); } static void tick_nohz_full_update_tick(struct tick_sched *ts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL int cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (!tick_nohz_full_cpu(cpu)) return; if (!ts->tick_stopped && ts->nohz_mode == NOHZ_MODE_INACTIVE) return; if (can_stop_full_tick(cpu, ts)) tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(ts, cpu); else if (ts->tick_stopped) tick_nohz_restart_sched_tick(ts, ktime_get()); #endif } static bool can_stop_idle_tick(int cpu, struct tick_sched *ts) { /* * If this CPU is offline and it is the one which updates * jiffies, then give up the assignment and let it be taken by * the CPU which runs the tick timer next. If we don't drop * this here the jiffies might be stale and do_timer() never * invoked. */ if (unlikely(!cpu_online(cpu))) { if (cpu == tick_do_timer_cpu) tick_do_timer_cpu = TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE; /* * Make sure the CPU doesn't get fooled by obsolete tick * deadline if it comes back online later. */ ts->next_tick = 0; return false; } if (unlikely(ts->nohz_mode == NOHZ_MODE_INACTIVE)) return false; if (need_resched()) return false; if (unlikely(local_softirq_pending())) { static int ratelimit; if (ratelimit < 10 && (local_softirq_pending() & SOFTIRQ_STOP_IDLE_MASK)) { pr_warn("NOHZ tick-stop error: Non-RCU local softirq work is pending, handler #%02x!!!\n", (unsigned int) local_softirq_pending()); ratelimit++; } return false; } if (tick_nohz_full_enabled()) { /* * Keep the tick alive to guarantee timekeeping progression * if there are full dynticks CPUs around */ if (tick_do_timer_cpu == cpu) return false; /* Should not happen for nohz-full */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tick_do_timer_cpu == TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE)) return false; } return true; } static void __tick_nohz_idle_stop_tick(struct tick_sched *ts) { ktime_t expires; int cpu = smp_processor_id(); /* * If tick_nohz_get_sleep_length() ran tick_nohz_next_event(), the * tick timer expiration time is known already. */ if (ts->timer_expires_base) expires = ts->timer_expires; else if (can_stop_idle_tick(cpu, ts)) expires = tick_nohz_next_event(ts, cpu); else return; ts->idle_calls++; if (expires > 0LL) { int was_stopped = ts->tick_stopped; tick_nohz_stop_tick(ts, cpu); ts->idle_sleeps++; ts->idle_expires = expires; if (!was_stopped && ts->tick_stopped) { ts->idle_jiffies = ts->last_jiffies; nohz_balance_enter_idle(cpu); } } else { tick_nohz_retain_tick(ts); } } /** * tick_nohz_idle_stop_tick - stop the idle tick from the idle task * * When the next event is more than a tick into the future, stop the idle tick */ void tick_nohz_idle_stop_tick(void) { __tick_nohz_idle_stop_tick(this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched)); } void tick_nohz_idle_retain_tick(void) { tick_nohz_retain_tick(this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched)); /* * Undo the effect of get_next_timer_interrupt() called from * tick_nohz_next_event(). */ timer_clear_idle(); } /** * tick_nohz_idle_enter - prepare for entering idle on the current CPU * * Called when we start the idle loop. */ void tick_nohz_idle_enter(void) { struct tick_sched *ts; lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); local_irq_disable(); ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); WARN_ON_ONCE(ts->timer_expires_base); ts->inidle = 1; tick_nohz_start_idle(ts); local_irq_enable(); } /** * tick_nohz_irq_exit - update next tick event from interrupt exit * * When an interrupt fires while we are idle and it doesn't cause * a reschedule, it may still add, modify or delete a timer, enqueue * an RCU callback, etc... * So we need to re-calculate and reprogram the next tick event. */ void tick_nohz_irq_exit(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); if (ts->inidle) tick_nohz_start_idle(ts); else tick_nohz_full_update_tick(ts); } /** * tick_nohz_idle_got_tick - Check whether or not the tick handler has run */ bool tick_nohz_idle_got_tick(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); if (ts->got_idle_tick) { ts->got_idle_tick = 0; return true; } return false; } /** * tick_nohz_get_next_hrtimer - return the next expiration time for the hrtimer * or the tick, whatever that expires first. Note that, if the tick has been * stopped, it returns the next hrtimer. * * Called from power state control code with interrupts disabled */ ktime_t tick_nohz_get_next_hrtimer(void) { return __this_cpu_read(tick_cpu_device.evtdev)->next_event; } /** * tick_nohz_get_sleep_length - return the expected length of the current sleep * @delta_next: duration until the next event if the tick cannot be stopped * * Called from power state control code with interrupts disabled */ ktime_t tick_nohz_get_sleep_length(ktime_t *delta_next) { struct clock_event_device *dev = __this_cpu_read(tick_cpu_device.evtdev); struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); int cpu = smp_processor_id(); /* * The idle entry time is expected to be a sufficient approximation of * the current time at this point. */ ktime_t now = ts->idle_entrytime; ktime_t next_event; WARN_ON_ONCE(!ts->inidle); *delta_next = ktime_sub(dev->next_event, now); if (!can_stop_idle_tick(cpu, ts)) return *delta_next; next_event = tick_nohz_next_event(ts, cpu); if (!next_event) return *delta_next; /* * If the next highres timer to expire is earlier than next_event, the * idle governor needs to know that. */ next_event = min_t(u64, next_event, hrtimer_next_event_without(&ts->sched_timer)); return ktime_sub(next_event, now); } /** * tick_nohz_get_idle_calls_cpu - return the current idle calls counter value * for a particular CPU. * * Called from the schedutil frequency scaling governor in scheduler context. */ unsigned long tick_nohz_get_idle_calls_cpu(int cpu) { struct tick_sched *ts = tick_get_tick_sched(cpu); return ts->idle_calls; } /** * tick_nohz_get_idle_calls - return the current idle calls counter value * * Called from the schedutil frequency scaling governor in scheduler context. */ unsigned long tick_nohz_get_idle_calls(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); return ts->idle_calls; } static void tick_nohz_account_idle_ticks(struct tick_sched *ts) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE unsigned long ticks; if (vtime_accounting_enabled_this_cpu()) return; /* * We stopped the tick in idle. Update process times would miss the * time we slept as update_process_times does only a 1 tick * accounting. Enforce that this is accounted to idle ! */ ticks = jiffies - ts->idle_jiffies; /* * We might be one off. Do not randomly account a huge number of ticks! */ if (ticks && ticks < LONG_MAX) account_idle_ticks(ticks); #endif } static void __tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now) { tick_nohz_restart_sched_tick(ts, now); tick_nohz_account_idle_ticks(ts); } void tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); if (ts->tick_stopped) __tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick(ts, ktime_get()); } /** * tick_nohz_idle_exit - restart the idle tick from the idle task * * Restart the idle tick when the CPU is woken up from idle * This also exit the RCU extended quiescent state. The CPU * can use RCU again after this function is called. */ void tick_nohz_idle_exit(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); bool idle_active, tick_stopped; ktime_t now; local_irq_disable(); WARN_ON_ONCE(!ts->inidle); WARN_ON_ONCE(ts->timer_expires_base); ts->inidle = 0; idle_active = ts->idle_active; tick_stopped = ts->tick_stopped; if (idle_active || tick_stopped) now = ktime_get(); if (idle_active) tick_nohz_stop_idle(ts, now); if (tick_stopped) __tick_nohz_idle_restart_tick(ts, now); local_irq_enable(); } /* * The nohz low res interrupt handler */ static void tick_nohz_handler(struct clock_event_device *dev) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs(); ktime_t now = ktime_get(); dev->next_event = KTIME_MAX; tick_sched_do_timer(ts, now); tick_sched_handle(ts, regs); /* No need to reprogram if we are running tickless */ if (unlikely(ts->tick_stopped)) return; hrtimer_forward(&ts->sched_timer, now, tick_period); tick_program_event(hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer), 1); } static inline void tick_nohz_activate(struct tick_sched *ts, int mode) { if (!tick_nohz_enabled) return; ts->nohz_mode = mode; /* One update is enough */ if (!test_and_set_bit(0, &tick_nohz_active)) timers_update_nohz(); } /** * tick_nohz_switch_to_nohz - switch to nohz mode */ static void tick_nohz_switch_to_nohz(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); ktime_t next; if (!tick_nohz_enabled) return; if (tick_switch_to_oneshot(tick_nohz_handler)) return; /* * Recycle the hrtimer in ts, so we can share the * hrtimer_forward with the highres code. */ hrtimer_init(&ts->sched_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_HARD); /* Get the next period */ next = tick_init_jiffy_update(); hrtimer_set_expires(&ts->sched_timer, next); hrtimer_forward_now(&ts->sched_timer, tick_period); tick_program_event(hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer), 1); tick_nohz_activate(ts, NOHZ_MODE_LOWRES); } static inline void tick_nohz_irq_enter(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); ktime_t now; if (!ts->idle_active && !ts->tick_stopped) return; now = ktime_get(); if (ts->idle_active) tick_nohz_stop_idle(ts, now); if (ts->tick_stopped) tick_nohz_update_jiffies(now); } #else static inline void tick_nohz_switch_to_nohz(void) { } static inline void tick_nohz_irq_enter(void) { } static inline void tick_nohz_activate(struct tick_sched *ts, int mode) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON */ /* * Called from irq_enter to notify about the possible interruption of idle() */ void tick_irq_enter(void) { tick_check_oneshot_broadcast_this_cpu(); tick_nohz_irq_enter(); } /* * High resolution timer specific code */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS /* * We rearm the timer until we get disabled by the idle code. * Called with interrupts disabled. */ static enum hrtimer_restart tick_sched_timer(struct hrtimer *timer) { struct tick_sched *ts = container_of(timer, struct tick_sched, sched_timer); struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs(); ktime_t now = ktime_get(); tick_sched_do_timer(ts, now); /* * Do not call, when we are not in irq context and have * no valid regs pointer */ if (regs) tick_sched_handle(ts, regs); else ts->next_tick = 0; /* No need to reprogram if we are in idle or full dynticks mode */ if (unlikely(ts->tick_stopped)) return HRTIMER_NORESTART; hrtimer_forward(timer, now, tick_period); return HRTIMER_RESTART; } static int sched_skew_tick; static int __init skew_tick(char *str) { get_option(&str, &sched_skew_tick); return 0; } early_param("skew_tick", skew_tick); /** * tick_setup_sched_timer - setup the tick emulation timer */ void tick_setup_sched_timer(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); ktime_t now = ktime_get(); /* * Emulate tick processing via per-CPU hrtimers: */ hrtimer_init(&ts->sched_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_HARD); ts->sched_timer.function = tick_sched_timer; /* Get the next period (per-CPU) */ hrtimer_set_expires(&ts->sched_timer, tick_init_jiffy_update()); /* Offset the tick to avert jiffies_lock contention. */ if (sched_skew_tick) { u64 offset = ktime_to_ns(tick_period) >> 1; do_div(offset, num_possible_cpus()); offset *= smp_processor_id(); hrtimer_add_expires_ns(&ts->sched_timer, offset); } hrtimer_forward(&ts->sched_timer, now, tick_period); hrtimer_start_expires(&ts->sched_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD); tick_nohz_activate(ts, NOHZ_MODE_HIGHRES); } #endif /* HIGH_RES_TIMERS */ #if defined CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON || defined CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS void tick_cancel_sched_timer(int cpu) { struct tick_sched *ts = &per_cpu(tick_cpu_sched, cpu); # ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS if (ts->sched_timer.base) hrtimer_cancel(&ts->sched_timer); # endif memset(ts, 0, sizeof(*ts)); } #endif /** * Async notification about clocksource changes */ void tick_clock_notify(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) set_bit(0, &per_cpu(tick_cpu_sched, cpu).check_clocks); } /* * Async notification about clock event changes */ void tick_oneshot_notify(void) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); set_bit(0, &ts->check_clocks); } /** * Check, if a change happened, which makes oneshot possible. * * Called cyclic from the hrtimer softirq (driven by the timer * softirq) allow_nohz signals, that we can switch into low-res nohz * mode, because high resolution timers are disabled (either compile * or runtime). Called with interrupts disabled. */ int tick_check_oneshot_change(int allow_nohz) { struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched); if (!test_and_clear_bit(0, &ts->check_clocks)) return 0; if (ts->nohz_mode != NOHZ_MODE_INACTIVE) return 0; if (!timekeeping_valid_for_hres() || !tick_is_oneshot_available()) return 0; if (!allow_nohz) return 1; tick_nohz_switch_to_nohz(); return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_UIDGID_H #define _LINUX_UIDGID_H /* * A set of types for the internal kernel types representing uids and gids. * * The types defined in this header allow distinguishing which uids and gids in * the kernel are values used by userspace and which uid and gid values are * the internal kernel values. With the addition of user namespaces the values * can be different. Using the type system makes it possible for the compiler * to detect when we overlook these differences. * */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> struct user_namespace; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; typedef struct { uid_t val; } kuid_t; typedef struct { gid_t val; } kgid_t; #define KUIDT_INIT(value) (kuid_t){ value } #define KGIDT_INIT(value) (kgid_t){ value } #ifdef CONFIG_MULTIUSER static inline uid_t __kuid_val(kuid_t uid) { return uid.val; } static inline gid_t __kgid_val(kgid_t gid) { return gid.val; } #else static inline uid_t __kuid_val(kuid_t uid) { return 0; } static inline gid_t __kgid_val(kgid_t gid) { return 0; } #endif #define GLOBAL_ROOT_UID KUIDT_INIT(0) #define GLOBAL_ROOT_GID KGIDT_INIT(0) #define INVALID_UID KUIDT_INIT(-1) #define INVALID_GID KGIDT_INIT(-1) static inline bool uid_eq(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) == __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_eq(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) == __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_gt(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) > __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_gt(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) > __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_gte(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) >= __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_gte(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) >= __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_lt(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) < __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_lt(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) < __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_lte(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) <= __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_lte(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) <= __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_valid(kuid_t uid) { return __kuid_val(uid) != (uid_t) -1; } static inline bool gid_valid(kgid_t gid) { return __kgid_val(gid) != (gid_t) -1; } #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS extern kuid_t make_kuid(struct user_namespace *from, uid_t uid); extern kgid_t make_kgid(struct user_namespace *from, gid_t gid); extern uid_t from_kuid(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t uid); extern gid_t from_kgid(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t gid); extern uid_t from_kuid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t uid); extern gid_t from_kgid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t gid); static inline bool kuid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid) { return from_kuid(ns, uid) != (uid_t) -1; } static inline bool kgid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kgid_t gid) { return from_kgid(ns, gid) != (gid_t) -1; } #else static inline kuid_t make_kuid(struct user_namespace *from, uid_t uid) { return KUIDT_INIT(uid); } static inline kgid_t make_kgid(struct user_namespace *from, gid_t gid) { return KGIDT_INIT(gid); } static inline uid_t from_kuid(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t kuid) { return __kuid_val(kuid); } static inline gid_t from_kgid(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t kgid) { return __kgid_val(kgid); } static inline uid_t from_kuid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t kuid) { uid_t uid = from_kuid(to, kuid); if (uid == (uid_t)-1) uid = overflowuid; return uid; } static inline gid_t from_kgid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t kgid) { gid_t gid = from_kgid(to, kgid); if (gid == (gid_t)-1) gid = overflowgid; return gid; } static inline bool kuid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid) { return uid_valid(uid); } static inline bool kgid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kgid_t gid) { return gid_valid(gid); } #endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */ #endif /* _LINUX_UIDGID_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Memory Manager * Copyright (c) 1998 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #define __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> #include <linux/poll.h> struct snd_info_buffer; /* container for sequencer event (internal use) */ struct snd_seq_event_cell { struct snd_seq_event event; struct snd_seq_pool *pool; /* used pool */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *next; /* next cell */ }; /* design note: the pool is a contiguous block of memory, if we dynamicly want to add additional cells to the pool be better store this in another pool as we need to know the base address of the pool when releasing memory. */ struct snd_seq_pool { struct snd_seq_event_cell *ptr; /* pointer to first event chunk */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *free; /* pointer to the head of the free list */ int total_elements; /* pool size actually allocated */ atomic_t counter; /* cells free */ int size; /* pool size to be allocated */ int room; /* watermark for sleep/wakeup */ int closing; /* statistics */ int max_used; int event_alloc_nopool; int event_alloc_failures; int event_alloc_success; /* Write locking */ wait_queue_head_t output_sleep; /* Pool lock */ spinlock_t lock; }; void snd_seq_cell_free(struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell); int snd_seq_event_dup(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct snd_seq_event *event, struct snd_seq_event_cell **cellp, int nonblock, struct file *file, struct mutex *mutexp); /* return number of unused (free) cells */ static inline int snd_seq_unused_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements - atomic_read(&pool->counter) : 0; } /* return total number of allocated cells */ static inline int snd_seq_total_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements : 0; } /* init pool - allocate events */ int snd_seq_pool_init(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* done pool - free events */ void snd_seq_pool_mark_closing(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); int snd_seq_pool_done(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* create pool */ struct snd_seq_pool *snd_seq_pool_new(int poolsize); /* remove pool */ int snd_seq_pool_delete(struct snd_seq_pool **pool); /* polling */ int snd_seq_pool_poll_wait(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct file *file, poll_table *wait); void snd_seq_info_pool(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer, struct snd_seq_pool *pool, char *space); #endif
1 1 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set sysctls; #endif struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */ struct sock *genl_sock; struct uevent_sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */ struct hlist_head *dev_name_head; struct hlist_head *dev_index_head; struct raw_notifier_head netdev_chain; /* Note that @hash_mix can be read millions times per second, * it is critical that it is on a read_mostly cache line. */ u32 hash_mix; struct net_device *loopback_dev; /* The loopback */ /* core fib_rules */ struct list_head rules_ops; struct netns_core core; struct netns_mib mib; struct netns_packet packet; struct netns_unix unx; struct netns_nexthop nexthop; struct netns_ipv4 ipv4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct netns_ipv6 ipv6; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan ieee802154_lowpan; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP_MODULE) struct netns_sctp sctp; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP_MODULE) struct netns_dccp dccp; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER struct netns_nf nf; struct netns_xt xt; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) struct netns_ct ct; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES_MODULE) struct netns_nftables nft; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_DEFRAG_IPV6) struct netns_nf_frag nf_frag; struct ctl_table_header *nf_frag_frags_hdr; #endif struct sock *nfnl; struct sock *nfnl_stash; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK_ACCT) struct list_head nfnl_acct_list; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CT_NETLINK_TIMEOUT) struct list_head nfct_timeout_list; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WEXT_CORE struct sk_buff_head wext_nlevents; #endif struct net_generic __rcu *gen; /* Used to store attached BPF programs */ struct netns_bpf bpf; /* Note : following structs are cache line aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct netns_xfrm xfrm; #endif atomic64_t net_cookie; /* written once */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) struct netns_ipvs *ipvs; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS) struct netns_mpls mpls; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CAN) struct netns_can can; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS struct netns_xdp xdp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER) struct sock *crypto_nlsk; #endif struct sock *diag_nlsk; } __randomize_layout; #include <linux/seq_file_net.h> /* Init's network namespace */ extern struct net init_net; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net); void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void net_ns_barrier(void); struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns); #else /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> static inline struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWNET) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_net; } static inline void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } static inline void net_ns_barrier(void) {} static inline struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ extern struct list_head net_namespace_list; struct net *get_net_ns_by_pid(pid_t pid); struct net *get_net_ns_by_fd(int fd); u64 __net_gen_cookie(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void ipx_register_sysctl(void); void ipx_unregister_sysctl(void); #else #define ipx_register_sysctl() #define ipx_unregister_sysctl() #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS void __put_net(struct net *net); static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { refcount_inc(&net->count); return net; } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { /* Used when we know struct net exists but we * aren't guaranteed a previous reference count * exists. If the reference count is zero this * function fails and returns NULL. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&net->count)) net = NULL; return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&net->count)) __put_net(net); } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return net1 == net2; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return refcount_read(&net->count) != 0; } void net_drop_ns(void *); #else static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return 1; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return 1; } #define net_drop_ns NULL #endif typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif } possible_net_t; static inline void write_pnet(possible_net_t *pnet, struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS pnet->net = net; #endif } static inline struct net *read_pnet(const possible_net_t *pnet) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return pnet->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* Protected by net_rwsem */ #define for_each_net(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_continue_reverse(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_rcu(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS #define __net_init #define __net_exit #define __net_initdata #define __net_initconst #else #define __net_init __init #define __net_exit __ref #define __net_initdata __initdata #define __net_initconst __initconst #endif int peernet2id_alloc(struct net *net, struct net *peer, gfp_t gfp); int peernet2id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); bool peernet_has_id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); struct net *get_net_ns_by_id(const struct net *net, int id); struct pernet_operations { struct list_head list; /* * Below methods are called without any exclusive locks. * More than one net may be constructed and destructed * in parallel on several cpus. Every pernet_operations * have to keep in mind all other pernet_operations and * to introduce a locking, if they share common resources. * * The only time they are called with exclusive lock is * from register_pernet_subsys(), unregister_pernet_subsys() * register_pernet_device() and unregister_pernet_device(). * * Exit methods using blocking RCU primitives, such as * synchronize_rcu(), should be implemented via exit_batch. * Then, destruction of a group of net requires single * synchronize_rcu() related to these pernet_operations, * instead of separate synchronize_rcu() for every net. * Please, avoid synchronize_rcu() at all, where it's possible. * * Note that a combination of pre_exit() and exit() can * be used, since a synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed between * the calls. */ int (*init)(struct net *net); void (*pre_exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit_batch)(struct list_head *net_exit_list); unsigned int *id; size_t size; }; /* * Use these carefully. If you implement a network device and it * needs per network namespace operations use device pernet operations, * otherwise use pernet subsys operations. * * Network interfaces need to be removed from a dying netns _before_ * subsys notifiers can be called, as most of the network code cleanup * (which is done from subsys notifiers) runs with the assumption that * dev_remove_pack has been called so no new packets will arrive during * and after the cleanup functions have been called. dev_remove_pack * is not per namespace so instead the guarantee of no more packets * arriving in a network namespace is provided by ensuring that all * network devices and all sockets have left the network namespace * before the cleanup methods are called. * * For the longest time the ipv4 icmp code was registered as a pernet * device which caused kernel oops, and panics during network * namespace cleanup. So please don't get this wrong. */ int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int net_sysctl_init(void); struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header); #else static inline int net_sysctl_init(void) { return 0; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header) { } #endif static inline int rt_genid_ipv4(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int rt_genid_ipv6(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv6.fib6_sernum); } #endif static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv4(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } extern void (*__fib6_flush_trees)(struct net *net); static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv6(struct net *net) { if (__fib6_flush_trees) __fib6_flush_trees(net); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) static inline struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan * net_ieee802154_lowpan(struct net *net) { return &net->ieee802154_lowpan; } #endif /* For callers who don't really care about whether it's IPv4 or IPv6 */ static inline void rt_genid_bump_all(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); rt_genid_bump_ipv6(net); } static inline int fnhe_genid(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->fnhe_genid); } static inline void fnhe_genid_bump(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->fnhe_genid); } #endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* include/asm-generic/tlb.h * * Generic TLB shootdown code * * Copyright 2001 Red Hat, Inc. * Based on code from mm/memory.c Copyright Linus Torvalds and others. * * Copyright 2011 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC__TLB_H #define _ASM_GENERIC__TLB_H #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/hugetlb_inline.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> /* * Blindly accessing user memory from NMI context can be dangerous * if we're in the middle of switching the current user task or switching * the loaded mm. */ #ifndef nmi_uaccess_okay # define nmi_uaccess_okay() true #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Generic MMU-gather implementation. * * The mmu_gather data structure is used by the mm code to implement the * correct and efficient ordering of freeing pages and TLB invalidations. * * This correct ordering is: * * 1) unhook page * 2) TLB invalidate page * 3) free page * * That is, we must never free a page before we have ensured there are no live * translations left to it. Otherwise it might be possible to observe (or * worse, change) the page content after it has been reused. * * The mmu_gather API consists of: * * - tlb_gather_mmu() / tlb_finish_mmu(); start and finish a mmu_gather * * Finish in particular will issue a (final) TLB invalidate and free * all (remaining) queued pages. * * - tlb_start_vma() / tlb_end_vma(); marks the start / end of a VMA * * Defaults to flushing at tlb_end_vma() to reset the range; helps when * there's large holes between the VMAs. * * - tlb_remove_table() * * tlb_remove_table() is the basic primitive to free page-table directories * (__p*_free_tlb()). In it's most primitive form it is an alias for * tlb_remove_page() below, for when page directories are pages and have no * additional constraints. * * See also MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE and MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE. * * - tlb_remove_page() / __tlb_remove_page() * - tlb_remove_page_size() / __tlb_remove_page_size() * * __tlb_remove_page_size() is the basic primitive that queues a page for * freeing. __tlb_remove_page() assumes PAGE_SIZE. Both will return a * boolean indicating if the queue is (now) full and a call to * tlb_flush_mmu() is required. * * tlb_remove_page() and tlb_remove_page_size() imply the call to * tlb_flush_mmu() when required and has no return value. * * - tlb_change_page_size() * * call before __tlb_remove_page*() to set the current page-size; implies a * possible tlb_flush_mmu() call. * * - tlb_flush_mmu() / tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly() * * tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly() - does the TLB invalidate (and resets * related state, like the range) * * tlb_flush_mmu() - in addition to the above TLB invalidate, also frees * whatever pages are still batched. * * - mmu_gather::fullmm * * A flag set by tlb_gather_mmu() to indicate we're going to free * the entire mm; this allows a number of optimizations. * * - We can ignore tlb_{start,end}_vma(); because we don't * care about ranges. Everything will be shot down. * * - (RISC) architectures that use ASIDs can cycle to a new ASID * and delay the invalidation until ASID space runs out. * * - mmu_gather::need_flush_all * * A flag that can be set by the arch code if it wants to force * flush the entire TLB irrespective of the range. For instance * x86-PAE needs this when changing top-level entries. * * And allows the architecture to provide and implement tlb_flush(): * * tlb_flush() may, in addition to the above mentioned mmu_gather fields, make * use of: * * - mmu_gather::start / mmu_gather::end * * which provides the range that needs to be flushed to cover the pages to * be freed. * * - mmu_gather::freed_tables * * set when we freed page table pages * * - tlb_get_unmap_shift() / tlb_get_unmap_size() * * returns the smallest TLB entry size unmapped in this range. * * If an architecture does not provide tlb_flush() a default implementation * based on flush_tlb_range() will be used, unless MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE is * specified, in which case we'll default to flush_tlb_mm(). * * Additionally there are a few opt-in features: * * MMU_GATHER_PAGE_SIZE * * This ensures we call tlb_flush() every time tlb_change_page_size() actually * changes the size and provides mmu_gather::page_size to tlb_flush(). * * This might be useful if your architecture has size specific TLB * invalidation instructions. * * MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE * * This provides tlb_remove_table(), to be used instead of tlb_remove_page() * for page directores (__p*_free_tlb()). * * Useful if your architecture has non-page page directories. * * When used, an architecture is expected to provide __tlb_remove_table() * which does the actual freeing of these pages. * * MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE * * Like MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE, and adds semi-RCU semantics to the free (see * comment below). * * Useful if your architecture doesn't use IPIs for remote TLB invalidates * and therefore doesn't naturally serialize with software page-table walkers. * * MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE * * Use this if your architecture lacks an efficient flush_tlb_range(). * * MMU_GATHER_NO_GATHER * * If the option is set the mmu_gather will not track individual pages for * delayed page free anymore. A platform that enables the option needs to * provide its own implementation of the __tlb_remove_page_size() function to * free pages. * * This is useful if your architecture already flushes TLB entries in the * various ptep_get_and_clear() functions. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE struct mmu_table_batch { #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE struct rcu_head rcu; #endif unsigned int nr; void *tables[0]; }; #define MAX_TABLE_BATCH \ ((PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct mmu_table_batch)) / sizeof(void *)) extern void tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table); #else /* !CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_HAVE_TABLE_FREE */ /* * Without MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE the architecture is assumed to have page based * page directories and we can use the normal page batching to free them. */ #define tlb_remove_table(tlb, page) tlb_remove_page((tlb), (page)) #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE /* * This allows an architecture that does not use the linux page-tables for * hardware to skip the TLBI when freeing page tables. */ #ifndef tlb_needs_table_invalidate #define tlb_needs_table_invalidate() (true) #endif #else #ifdef tlb_needs_table_invalidate #error tlb_needs_table_invalidate() requires MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE */ #ifndef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_GATHER /* * If we can't allocate a page to make a big batch of page pointers * to work on, then just handle a few from the on-stack structure. */ #define MMU_GATHER_BUNDLE 8 struct mmu_gather_batch { struct mmu_gather_batch *next; unsigned int nr; unsigned int max; struct page *pages[0]; }; #define MAX_GATHER_BATCH \ ((PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct mmu_gather_batch)) / sizeof(void *)) /* * Limit the maximum number of mmu_gather batches to reduce a risk of soft * lockups for non-preemptible kernels on huge machines when a lot of memory * is zapped during unmapping. * 10K pages freed at once should be safe even without a preemption point. */ #define MAX_GATHER_BATCH_COUNT (10000UL/MAX_GATHER_BATCH) extern bool __tlb_remove_page_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page, int page_size); #endif /* * struct mmu_gather is an opaque type used by the mm code for passing around * any data needed by arch specific code for tlb_remove_page. */ struct mmu_gather { struct mm_struct *mm; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE struct mmu_table_batch *batch; #endif unsigned long start; unsigned long end; /* * we are in the middle of an operation to clear * a full mm and can make some optimizations */ unsigned int fullmm : 1; /* * we have performed an operation which * requires a complete flush of the tlb */ unsigned int need_flush_all : 1; /* * we have removed page directories */ unsigned int freed_tables : 1; /* * at which levels have we cleared entries? */ unsigned int cleared_ptes : 1; unsigned int cleared_pmds : 1; unsigned int cleared_puds : 1; unsigned int cleared_p4ds : 1; /* * tracks VM_EXEC | VM_HUGETLB in tlb_start_vma */ unsigned int vma_exec : 1; unsigned int vma_huge : 1; unsigned int batch_count; #ifndef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_GATHER struct mmu_gather_batch *active; struct mmu_gather_batch local; struct page *__pages[MMU_GATHER_BUNDLE]; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_PAGE_SIZE unsigned int page_size; #endif #endif }; void tlb_flush_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb); static inline void __tlb_adjust_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned int range_size) { tlb->start = min(tlb->start, address); tlb->end = max(tlb->end, address + range_size); } static inline void __tlb_reset_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->fullmm) { tlb->start = tlb->end = ~0; } else { tlb->start = TASK_SIZE; tlb->end = 0; } tlb->freed_tables = 0; tlb->cleared_ptes = 0; tlb->cleared_pmds = 0; tlb->cleared_puds = 0; tlb->cleared_p4ds = 0; /* * Do not reset mmu_gather::vma_* fields here, we do not * call into tlb_start_vma() again to set them if there is an * intermediate flush. */ } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE #if defined(tlb_flush) || defined(tlb_start_vma) || defined(tlb_end_vma) #error MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE relies on default tlb_flush(), tlb_start_vma() and tlb_end_vma() #endif /* * When an architecture does not have efficient means of range flushing TLBs * there is no point in doing intermediate flushes on tlb_end_vma() to keep the * range small. We equally don't have to worry about page granularity or other * things. * * All we need to do is issue a full flush for any !0 range. */ static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->end) flush_tlb_mm(tlb->mm); } static inline void tlb_update_vma_flags(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #define tlb_end_vma tlb_end_vma static inline void tlb_end_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #else /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE */ #ifndef tlb_flush #if defined(tlb_start_vma) || defined(tlb_end_vma) #error Default tlb_flush() relies on default tlb_start_vma() and tlb_end_vma() #endif /* * When an architecture does not provide its own tlb_flush() implementation * but does have a reasonably efficient flush_vma_range() implementation * use that. */ static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->fullmm || tlb->need_flush_all) { flush_tlb_mm(tlb->mm); } else if (tlb->end) { struct vm_area_struct vma = { .vm_mm = tlb->mm, .vm_flags = (tlb->vma_exec ? VM_EXEC : 0) | (tlb->vma_huge ? VM_HUGETLB : 0), }; flush_tlb_range(&vma, tlb->start, tlb->end); } } static inline void tlb_update_vma_flags(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * flush_tlb_range() implementations that look at VM_HUGETLB (tile, * mips-4k) flush only large pages. * * flush_tlb_range() implementations that flush I-TLB also flush D-TLB * (tile, xtensa, arm), so it's ok to just add VM_EXEC to an existing * range. * * We rely on tlb_end_vma() to issue a flush, such that when we reset * these values the batch is empty. */ tlb->vma_huge = is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma); tlb->vma_exec = !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC); } #else static inline void tlb_update_vma_flags(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_NO_RANGE */ static inline void tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { /* * Anything calling __tlb_adjust_range() also sets at least one of * these bits. */ if (!(tlb->freed_tables || tlb->cleared_ptes || tlb->cleared_pmds || tlb->cleared_puds || tlb->cleared_p4ds)) return; tlb_flush(tlb); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(tlb->mm, tlb->start, tlb->end); __tlb_reset_range(tlb); } static inline void tlb_remove_page_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page, int page_size) { if (__tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, page_size)) tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } static inline bool __tlb_remove_page(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page) { return __tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, PAGE_SIZE); } /* tlb_remove_page * Similar to __tlb_remove_page but will call tlb_flush_mmu() itself when * required. */ static inline void tlb_remove_page(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *page) { return tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, PAGE_SIZE); } static inline void tlb_change_page_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned int page_size) { #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_PAGE_SIZE if (tlb->page_size && tlb->page_size != page_size) { if (!tlb->fullmm && !tlb->need_flush_all) tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } tlb->page_size = page_size; #endif } static inline unsigned long tlb_get_unmap_shift(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { if (tlb->cleared_ptes) return PAGE_SHIFT; if (tlb->cleared_pmds) return PMD_SHIFT; if (tlb->cleared_puds) return PUD_SHIFT; if (tlb->cleared_p4ds) return P4D_SHIFT; return PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long tlb_get_unmap_size(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { return 1UL << tlb_get_unmap_shift(tlb); } /* * In the case of tlb vma handling, we can optimise these away in the * case where we're doing a full MM flush. When we're doing a munmap, * the vmas are adjusted to only cover the region to be torn down. */ #ifndef tlb_start_vma static inline void tlb_start_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (tlb->fullmm) return; tlb_update_vma_flags(tlb, vma); flush_cache_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); } #endif #ifndef tlb_end_vma static inline void tlb_end_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (tlb->fullmm) return; /* * Do a TLB flush and reset the range at VMA boundaries; this avoids * the ranges growing with the unused space between consecutive VMAs, * but also the mmu_gather::vma_* flags from tlb_start_vma() rely on * this. */ tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); } #endif /* * tlb_flush_{pte|pmd|pud|p4d}_range() adjust the tlb->start and tlb->end, * and set corresponding cleared_*. */ static inline void tlb_flush_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_ptes = 1; } static inline void tlb_flush_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_pmds = 1; } static inline void tlb_flush_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_puds = 1; } static inline void tlb_flush_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, size); tlb->cleared_p4ds = 1; } #ifndef __tlb_remove_tlb_entry #define __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address) do { } while (0) #endif /** * tlb_remove_tlb_entry - remember a pte unmapping for later tlb invalidation. * * Record the fact that pte's were really unmapped by updating the range, * so we can later optimise away the tlb invalidate. This helps when * userspace is unmapping already-unmapped pages, which happens quite a lot. */ #define tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pte_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address); \ } while (0) #define tlb_remove_huge_tlb_entry(h, tlb, ptep, address) \ do { \ unsigned long _sz = huge_page_size(h); \ if (_sz == PMD_SIZE) \ tlb_flush_pmd_range(tlb, address, _sz); \ else if (_sz == PUD_SIZE) \ tlb_flush_pud_range(tlb, address, _sz); \ __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address); \ } while (0) /** * tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry - remember a pmd mapping for later tlb invalidation * This is a nop so far, because only x86 needs it. */ #ifndef __tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry #define __tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmdp, address) do {} while (0) #endif #define tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmdp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pmd_range(tlb, address, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE); \ __tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmdp, address); \ } while (0) /** * tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry - remember a pud mapping for later tlb * invalidation. This is a nop so far, because only x86 needs it. */ #ifndef __tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry #define __tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry(tlb, pudp, address) do {} while (0) #endif #define tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry(tlb, pudp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pud_range(tlb, address, HPAGE_PUD_SIZE); \ __tlb_remove_pud_tlb_entry(tlb, pudp, address); \ } while (0) /* * For things like page tables caches (ie caching addresses "inside" the * page tables, like x86 does), for legacy reasons, flushing an * individual page had better flush the page table caches behind it. This * is definitely how x86 works, for example. And if you have an * architected non-legacy page table cache (which I'm not aware of * anybody actually doing), you're going to have some architecturally * explicit flushing for that, likely *separate* from a regular TLB entry * flush, and thus you'd need more than just some range expansion.. * * So if we ever find an architecture * that would want something that odd, I think it is up to that * architecture to do its own odd thing, not cause pain for others * http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CA+55aFzBggoXtNXQeng5d_mRoDnaMBE5Y+URs+PHR67nUpMtaw@mail.gmail.com * * For now w.r.t page table cache, mark the range_size as PAGE_SIZE */ #ifndef pte_free_tlb #define pte_free_tlb(tlb, ptep, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pmd_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __pte_free_tlb(tlb, ptep, address); \ } while (0) #endif #ifndef pmd_free_tlb #define pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmdp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_pud_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmdp, address); \ } while (0) #endif #ifndef pud_free_tlb #define pud_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address) \ do { \ tlb_flush_p4d_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __pud_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address); \ } while (0) #endif #ifndef p4d_free_tlb #define p4d_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address) \ do { \ __tlb_adjust_range(tlb, address, PAGE_SIZE); \ tlb->freed_tables = 1; \ __p4d_free_tlb(tlb, pudp, address); \ } while (0) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC__TLB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security identifier table (sidtab) is a lookup table * of security context structures indexed by SID value. * * Original author: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * Author: Ondrej Mosnacek, <omosnacek@gmail.com> * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. */ #ifndef _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #define _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include "context.h" struct sidtab_entry { u32 sid; u32 hash; struct context context; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 struct sidtab_str_cache __rcu *cache; #endif struct hlist_node list; }; union sidtab_entry_inner { struct sidtab_node_inner *ptr_inner; struct sidtab_node_leaf *ptr_leaf; }; /* align node size to page boundary */ #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT PAGE_SHIFT #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE PAGE_SIZE #define size_to_shift(size) ((size) == 1 ? 1 : (const_ilog2((size) - 1) + 1)) #define SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT - size_to_shift(sizeof(union sidtab_entry_inner))) #define SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES ((size_t)1 << SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) #define SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE / sizeof(struct sidtab_entry)) #define SIDTAB_MAX_BITS 32 #define SIDTAB_MAX U32_MAX /* ensure enough tree levels for SIDTAB_MAX entries */ #define SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL \ DIV_ROUND_UP(SIDTAB_MAX_BITS - size_to_shift(SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES), \ SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) struct sidtab_node_leaf { struct sidtab_entry entries[SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_node_inner { union sidtab_entry_inner entries[SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_isid_entry { int set; struct sidtab_entry entry; }; struct sidtab_convert_params { int (*func)(struct context *oldc, struct context *newc, void *args); void *args; struct sidtab *target; }; #define SIDTAB_HASH_BITS CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SIDTAB_HASH_BITS #define SIDTAB_HASH_BUCKETS (1 << SIDTAB_HASH_BITS) struct sidtab { /* * lock-free read access only for as many items as a prior read of * 'count' */ union sidtab_entry_inner roots[SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL + 1]; /* * access atomically via {READ|WRITE}_ONCE(); only increment under * spinlock */ u32 count; /* access only under spinlock */ struct sidtab_convert_params *convert; bool frozen; spinlock_t lock; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 /* SID -> context string cache */ u32 cache_free_slots; struct list_head cache_lru_list; spinlock_t cache_lock; #endif /* index == SID - 1 (no entry for SECSID_NULL) */ struct sidtab_isid_entry isids[SECINITSID_NUM]; /* Hash table for fast reverse context-to-sid lookups. */ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(context_to_sid, SIDTAB_HASH_BITS); }; int sidtab_init(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_set_initial(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid, struct context *context); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); static inline struct context *sidtab_search(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } static inline struct context *sidtab_search_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry_force(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } int sidtab_convert(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_convert_params *params); void sidtab_cancel_convert(struct sidtab *s); void sidtab_freeze_begin(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(&s->lock); void sidtab_freeze_end(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __releases(&s->lock); int sidtab_context_to_sid(struct sidtab *s, struct context *context, u32 *sid); void sidtab_destroy(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_hash_stats(struct sidtab *sidtab, char *page); #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len); int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len); #else static inline void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len) { } static inline int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 */ #endif /* _SS_SIDTAB_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2018 - 2019 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __PMSR_H #define __PMSR_H #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include "core.h" #include "nl80211.h" #include "rdev-ops.h" static int pmsr_parse_ftm(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct nlattr *ftmreq, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request_peer *out, struct genl_info *info) { const struct cfg80211_pmsr_capabilities *capa = rdev->wiphy.pmsr_capa; struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_MAX + 1]; u32 preamble = NL80211_PREAMBLE_DMG; /* only optional in DMG */ /* validate existing data */ if (!(rdev->wiphy.pmsr_capa->ftm.bandwidths & BIT(out->chandef.width))) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(info->extack, "FTM: unsupported bandwidth"); return -EINVAL; } /* no validation needed - was already done via nested policy */ nla_parse_nested_deprecated(tb, NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_MAX, ftmreq, NULL, NULL); if (tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_PREAMBLE]) preamble = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_PREAMBLE]); /* set up values - struct is 0-initialized */ out->ftm.requested = true; switch (out->chandef.chan->band) { case NL80211_BAND_60GHZ: /* optional */ break; default: if (!tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_PREAMBLE]) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(info->extack, "FTM: must specify preamble"); return -EINVAL; } } if (!(capa->ftm.preambles & BIT(preamble))) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_PREAMBLE], "FTM: invalid preamble"); return -EINVAL; } out->ftm.preamble = preamble; out->ftm.burst_period = 0; if (tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_BURST_PERIOD]) out->ftm.burst_period = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_BURST_PERIOD]); out->ftm.asap = !!tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_ASAP]; if (out->ftm.asap && !capa->ftm.asap) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_ASAP], "FTM: ASAP mode not supported"); return -EINVAL; } if (!out->ftm.asap && !capa->ftm.non_asap) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(info->extack, "FTM: non-ASAP mode not supported"); return -EINVAL; } out->ftm.num_bursts_exp = 0; if (tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_NUM_BURSTS_EXP]) out->ftm.num_bursts_exp = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_NUM_BURSTS_EXP]); if (capa->ftm.max_bursts_exponent >= 0 && out->ftm.num_bursts_exp > capa->ftm.max_bursts_exponent) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_NUM_BURSTS_EXP], "FTM: max NUM_BURSTS_EXP must be set lower than the device limit"); return -EINVAL; } out->ftm.burst_duration = 15; if (tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_BURST_DURATION]) out->ftm.burst_duration = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_BURST_DURATION]); out->ftm.ftms_per_burst = 0; if (tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_FTMS_PER_BURST]) out->ftm.ftms_per_burst = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_FTMS_PER_BURST]); if (capa->ftm.max_ftms_per_burst && (out->ftm.ftms_per_burst > capa->ftm.max_ftms_per_burst || out->ftm.ftms_per_burst == 0)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_FTMS_PER_BURST], "FTM: FTMs per burst must be set lower than the device limit but non-zero"); return -EINVAL; } out->ftm.ftmr_retries = 3; if (tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_NUM_FTMR_RETRIES]) out->ftm.ftmr_retries = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_NUM_FTMR_RETRIES]); out->ftm.request_lci = !!tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_REQUEST_LCI]; if (out->ftm.request_lci && !capa->ftm.request_lci) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_REQUEST_LCI], "FTM: LCI request not supported"); } out->ftm.request_civicloc = !!tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_REQUEST_CIVICLOC]; if (out->ftm.request_civicloc && !capa->ftm.request_civicloc) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_REQUEST_CIVICLOC], "FTM: civic location request not supported"); } out->ftm.trigger_based = !!tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_TRIGGER_BASED]; if (out->ftm.trigger_based && !capa->ftm.trigger_based) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_TRIGGER_BASED], "FTM: trigger based ranging is not supported"); return -EINVAL; } out->ftm.non_trigger_based = !!tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_NON_TRIGGER_BASED]; if (out->ftm.non_trigger_based && !capa->ftm.non_trigger_based) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_NON_TRIGGER_BASED], "FTM: trigger based ranging is not supported"); return -EINVAL; } if (out->ftm.trigger_based && out->ftm.non_trigger_based) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(info->extack, "FTM: can't set both trigger based and non trigger based"); return -EINVAL; } if ((out->ftm.trigger_based || out->ftm.non_trigger_based) && out->ftm.preamble != NL80211_PREAMBLE_HE) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_FTM_REQ_ATTR_PREAMBLE], "FTM: non EDCA based ranging must use HE preamble"); return -EINVAL; } return 0; } static int pmsr_parse_peer(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct nlattr *peer, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request_peer *out, struct genl_info *info) { struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_MAX + 1]; struct nlattr *req[NL80211_PMSR_REQ_ATTR_MAX + 1]; struct nlattr *treq; int err, rem; /* no validation needed - was already done via nested policy */ nla_parse_nested_deprecated(tb, NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_MAX, peer, NULL, NULL); if (!tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_ADDR] || !tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_CHAN] || !tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_REQ]) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, peer, "insufficient peer data"); return -EINVAL; } memcpy(out->addr, nla_data(tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_ADDR]), ETH_ALEN); /* reuse info->attrs */ memset(info->attrs, 0, sizeof(*info->attrs) * (NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1)); err = nla_parse_nested_deprecated(info->attrs, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_CHAN], NULL, info->extack); if (err) return err; err = nl80211_parse_chandef(rdev, info, &out->chandef); if (err) return err; /* no validation needed - was already done via nested policy */ nla_parse_nested_deprecated(req, NL80211_PMSR_REQ_ATTR_MAX, tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_REQ], NULL, NULL); if (!req[NL80211_PMSR_REQ_ATTR_DATA]) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, tb[NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_REQ], "missing request type/data"); return -EINVAL; } if (req[NL80211_PMSR_REQ_ATTR_GET_AP_TSF]) out->report_ap_tsf = true; if (out->report_ap_tsf && !rdev->wiphy.pmsr_capa->report_ap_tsf) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, req[NL80211_PMSR_REQ_ATTR_GET_AP_TSF], "reporting AP TSF is not supported"); return -EINVAL; } nla_for_each_nested(treq, req[NL80211_PMSR_REQ_ATTR_DATA], rem) { switch (nla_type(treq)) { case NL80211_PMSR_TYPE_FTM: err = pmsr_parse_ftm(rdev, treq, out, info); break; default: NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, treq, "unsupported measurement type"); err = -EINVAL; } } if (err) return err; return 0; } int nl80211_pmsr_start(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info) { struct nlattr *reqattr = info->attrs[NL80211_ATTR_PEER_MEASUREMENTS]; struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev = info->user_ptr[0]; struct wireless_dev *wdev = info->user_ptr[1]; struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *req; struct nlattr *peers, *peer; int count, rem, err, idx; if (!rdev->wiphy.pmsr_capa) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!reqattr) return -EINVAL; peers = nla_find(nla_data(reqattr), nla_len(reqattr), NL80211_PMSR_ATTR_PEERS); if (!peers) return -EINVAL; count = 0; nla_for_each_nested(peer, peers, rem) { count++; if (count > rdev->wiphy.pmsr_capa->max_peers) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, peer, "Too many peers used"); return -EINVAL; } } req = kzalloc(struct_size(req, peers, count), GFP_KERNEL); if (!req) return -ENOMEM; if (info->attrs[NL80211_ATTR_TIMEOUT]) req->timeout = nla_get_u32(info->attrs[NL80211_ATTR_TIMEOUT]); if (info->attrs[NL80211_ATTR_MAC]) { if (!rdev->wiphy.pmsr_capa->randomize_mac_addr) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, info->attrs[NL80211_ATTR_MAC], "device cannot randomize MAC address"); err = -EINVAL; goto out_err; } err = nl80211_parse_random_mac(info->attrs, req->mac_addr, req->mac_addr_mask); if (err) goto out_err; } else { memcpy(req->mac_addr, wdev_address(wdev), ETH_ALEN); eth_broadcast_addr(req->mac_addr_mask); } idx = 0; nla_for_each_nested(peer, peers, rem) { /* NB: this reuses info->attrs, but we no longer need it */ err = pmsr_parse_peer(rdev, peer, &req->peers[idx], info); if (err) goto out_err; idx++; } req->n_peers = count; req->cookie = cfg80211_assign_cookie(rdev); req->nl_portid = info->snd_portid; err = rdev_start_pmsr(rdev, wdev, req); if (err) goto out_err; list_add_tail(&req->list, &wdev->pmsr_list); nl_set_extack_cookie_u64(info->extack, req->cookie); return 0; out_err: kfree(req); return err; } void cfg80211_pmsr_complete(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *req, gfp_t gfp) { struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev = wiphy_to_rdev(wdev->wiphy); struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *tmp, *prev, *to_free = NULL; struct sk_buff *msg; void *hdr; trace_cfg80211_pmsr_complete(wdev->wiphy, wdev, req->cookie); msg = nlmsg_new(NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE, gfp); if (!msg) goto free_request; hdr = nl80211hdr_put(msg, 0, 0, 0, NL80211_CMD_PEER_MEASUREMENT_COMPLETE); if (!hdr) goto free_msg; if (nla_put_u32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY, rdev->wiphy_idx) || nla_put_u64_64bit(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WDEV, wdev_id(wdev), NL80211_ATTR_PAD)) goto free_msg; if (nla_put_u64_64bit(msg, NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE, req->cookie, NL80211_ATTR_PAD)) goto free_msg; genlmsg_end(msg, hdr); genlmsg_unicast(wiphy_net(wdev->wiphy), msg, req->nl_portid); goto free_request; free_msg: nlmsg_free(msg); free_request: spin_lock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); /* * cfg80211_pmsr_process_abort() may have already moved this request * to the free list, and will free it later. In this case, don't free * it here. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(tmp, prev, &wdev->pmsr_list, list) { if (tmp == req) { list_del(&req->list); to_free = req; break; } } spin_unlock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); kfree(to_free); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cfg80211_pmsr_complete); static int nl80211_pmsr_send_ftm_res(struct sk_buff *msg, struct cfg80211_pmsr_result *res) { if (res->status == NL80211_PMSR_STATUS_FAILURE) { if (nla_put_u32(msg, NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_FAIL_REASON, res->ftm.failure_reason)) goto error; if (res->ftm.failure_reason == NL80211_PMSR_FTM_FAILURE_PEER_BUSY && res->ftm.busy_retry_time && nla_put_u32(msg, NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_BUSY_RETRY_TIME, res->ftm.busy_retry_time)) goto error; return 0; } #define PUT(tp, attr, val) \ do { \ if (nla_put_##tp(msg, \ NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_##attr, \ res->ftm.val)) \ goto error; \ } while (0) #define PUTOPT(tp, attr, val) \ do { \ if (res->ftm.val##_valid) \ PUT(tp, attr, val); \ } while (0) #define PUT_U64(attr, val) \ do { \ if (nla_put_u64_64bit(msg, \ NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_##attr,\ res->ftm.val, \ NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_PAD)) \ goto error; \ } while (0) #define PUTOPT_U64(attr, val) \ do { \ if (res->ftm.val##_valid) \ PUT_U64(attr, val); \ } while (0) if (res->ftm.burst_index >= 0) PUT(u32, BURST_INDEX, burst_index); PUTOPT(u32, NUM_FTMR_ATTEMPTS, num_ftmr_attempts); PUTOPT(u32, NUM_FTMR_SUCCESSES, num_ftmr_successes); PUT(u8, NUM_BURSTS_EXP, num_bursts_exp); PUT(u8, BURST_DURATION, burst_duration); PUT(u8, FTMS_PER_BURST, ftms_per_burst); PUTOPT(s32, RSSI_AVG, rssi_avg); PUTOPT(s32, RSSI_SPREAD, rssi_spread); if (res->ftm.tx_rate_valid && !nl80211_put_sta_rate(msg, &res->ftm.tx_rate, NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_TX_RATE)) goto error; if (res->ftm.rx_rate_valid && !nl80211_put_sta_rate(msg, &res->ftm.rx_rate, NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_RX_RATE)) goto error; PUTOPT_U64(RTT_AVG, rtt_avg); PUTOPT_U64(RTT_VARIANCE, rtt_variance); PUTOPT_U64(RTT_SPREAD, rtt_spread); PUTOPT_U64(DIST_AVG, dist_avg); PUTOPT_U64(DIST_VARIANCE, dist_variance); PUTOPT_U64(DIST_SPREAD, dist_spread); if (res->ftm.lci && res->ftm.lci_len && nla_put(msg, NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_LCI, res->ftm.lci_len, res->ftm.lci)) goto error; if (res->ftm.civicloc && res->ftm.civicloc_len && nla_put(msg, NL80211_PMSR_FTM_RESP_ATTR_CIVICLOC, res->ftm.civicloc_len, res->ftm.civicloc)) goto error; #undef PUT #undef PUTOPT #undef PUT_U64 #undef PUTOPT_U64 return 0; error: return -ENOSPC; } static int nl80211_pmsr_send_result(struct sk_buff *msg, struct cfg80211_pmsr_result *res) { struct nlattr *pmsr, *peers, *peer, *resp, *data, *typedata; pmsr = nla_nest_start_noflag(msg, NL80211_ATTR_PEER_MEASUREMENTS); if (!pmsr) goto error; peers = nla_nest_start_noflag(msg, NL80211_PMSR_ATTR_PEERS); if (!peers) goto error; peer = nla_nest_start_noflag(msg, 1); if (!peer) goto error; if (nla_put(msg, NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_ADDR, ETH_ALEN, res->addr)) goto error; resp = nla_nest_start_noflag(msg, NL80211_PMSR_PEER_ATTR_RESP); if (!resp) goto error; if (nla_put_u32(msg, NL80211_PMSR_RESP_ATTR_STATUS, res->status) || nla_put_u64_64bit(msg, NL80211_PMSR_RESP_ATTR_HOST_TIME, res->host_time, NL80211_PMSR_RESP_ATTR_PAD)) goto error; if (res->ap_tsf_valid && nla_put_u64_64bit(msg, NL80211_PMSR_RESP_ATTR_AP_TSF, res->ap_tsf, NL80211_PMSR_RESP_ATTR_PAD)) goto error; if (res->final && nla_put_flag(msg, NL80211_PMSR_RESP_ATTR_FINAL)) goto error; data = nla_nest_start_noflag(msg, NL80211_PMSR_RESP_ATTR_DATA); if (!data) goto error; typedata = nla_nest_start_noflag(msg, res->type); if (!typedata) goto error; switch (res->type) { case NL80211_PMSR_TYPE_FTM: if (nl80211_pmsr_send_ftm_res(msg, res)) goto error; break; default: WARN_ON(1); } nla_nest_end(msg, typedata); nla_nest_end(msg, data); nla_nest_end(msg, resp); nla_nest_end(msg, peer); nla_nest_end(msg, peers); nla_nest_end(msg, pmsr); return 0; error: return -ENOSPC; } void cfg80211_pmsr_report(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *req, struct cfg80211_pmsr_result *result, gfp_t gfp) { struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev = wiphy_to_rdev(wdev->wiphy); struct sk_buff *msg; void *hdr; int err; trace_cfg80211_pmsr_report(wdev->wiphy, wdev, req->cookie, result->addr); /* * Currently, only variable items are LCI and civic location, * both of which are reasonably short so we don't need to * worry about them here for the allocation. */ msg = nlmsg_new(NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE, gfp); if (!msg) return; hdr = nl80211hdr_put(msg, 0, 0, 0, NL80211_CMD_PEER_MEASUREMENT_RESULT); if (!hdr) goto free; if (nla_put_u32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY, rdev->wiphy_idx) || nla_put_u64_64bit(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WDEV, wdev_id(wdev), NL80211_ATTR_PAD)) goto free; if (nla_put_u64_64bit(msg, NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE, req->cookie, NL80211_ATTR_PAD)) goto free; err = nl80211_pmsr_send_result(msg, result); if (err) { pr_err_ratelimited("peer measurement result: message didn't fit!"); goto free; } genlmsg_end(msg, hdr); genlmsg_unicast(wiphy_net(wdev->wiphy), msg, req->nl_portid); return; free: nlmsg_free(msg); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cfg80211_pmsr_report); static void cfg80211_pmsr_process_abort(struct wireless_dev *wdev) { struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev = wiphy_to_rdev(wdev->wiphy); struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *req, *tmp; LIST_HEAD(free_list); lockdep_assert_held(&wdev->mtx); spin_lock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(req, tmp, &wdev->pmsr_list, list) { if (req->nl_portid) continue; list_move_tail(&req->list, &free_list); } spin_unlock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(req, tmp, &free_list, list) { rdev_abort_pmsr(rdev, wdev, req); kfree(req); } } void cfg80211_pmsr_free_wk(struct work_struct *work) { struct wireless_dev *wdev = container_of(work, struct wireless_dev, pmsr_free_wk); wdev_lock(wdev); cfg80211_pmsr_process_abort(wdev); wdev_unlock(wdev); } void cfg80211_pmsr_wdev_down(struct wireless_dev *wdev) { struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *req; bool found = false; spin_lock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); list_for_each_entry(req, &wdev->pmsr_list, list) { found = true; req->nl_portid = 0; } spin_unlock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); if (found) cfg80211_pmsr_process_abort(wdev); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&wdev->pmsr_list)); } void cfg80211_release_pmsr(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 portid) { struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *req; spin_lock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); list_for_each_entry(req, &wdev->pmsr_list, list) { if (req->nl_portid == portid) { req->nl_portid = 0; schedule_work(&wdev->pmsr_free_wk); } } spin_unlock_bh(&wdev->pmsr_lock); } #endif /* __PMSR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/ipc/util.h * Copyright (C) 1999 Christoph Rohland * * ipc helper functions (c) 1999 Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> * namespaces support. 2006 OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #ifndef _IPC_UTIL_H #define _IPC_UTIL_H #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> /* * The IPC ID contains 2 separate numbers - index and sequence number. * By default, * bits 0-14: index (32k, 15 bits) * bits 15-30: sequence number (64k, 16 bits) * * When IPCMNI extension mode is turned on, the composition changes: * bits 0-23: index (16M, 24 bits) * bits 24-30: sequence number (128, 7 bits) */ #define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define IPCMNI (1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) #define IPCMNI_EXTEND (1 << IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL extern int ipc_mni; extern int ipc_mni_shift; extern int ipc_min_cycle; #define ipcmni_seq_shift() ipc_mni_shift #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << ipc_mni_shift) - 1) #else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ #define ipc_mni IPCMNI #define ipc_min_cycle ((int)RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1) #endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ void sem_init(void); void msg_init(void); void shm_init(void); struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE extern void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns); extern void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif /* * Structure that holds the parameters needed by the ipc operations * (see after) */ struct ipc_params { key_t key; int flg; union { size_t size; /* for shared memories */ int nsems; /* for semaphores */ } u; /* holds the getnew() specific param */ }; /* * Structure that holds some ipc operations. This structure is used to unify * the calls to sys_msgget(), sys_semget(), sys_shmget() * . routine to call to create a new ipc object. Can be one of newque, * newary, newseg * . routine to call to check permissions for a new ipc object. * Can be one of security_msg_associate, security_sem_associate, * security_shm_associate * . routine to call for an extra check if needed */ struct ipc_ops { int (*getnew)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct ipc_params *); int (*associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); int (*more_checks)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, struct ipc_params *); }; struct seq_file; struct ipc_ids; void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header, int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *); #else #define ipc_init_proc_interface(path, header, ids, show) do {} while (0) #endif #define IPC_SEM_IDS 0 #define IPC_MSG_IDS 1 #define IPC_SHM_IDS 2 #define ipcid_to_idx(id) ((id) & IPCMNI_IDX_MASK) #define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) #define ipcid_seq_max() (INT_MAX >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) /* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for writing */ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_set_key_private(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with ipcp locked */ int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flg); /** * ipc_get_maxidx - get the highest assigned index * @ids: ipc identifier set * * Called with ipc_ids.rwsem held for reading. */ static inline int ipc_get_maxidx(struct ipc_ids *ids) { if (ids->in_use == 0) return -1; if (ids->in_use == ipc_mni) return ipc_mni - 1; return ids->max_idx; } /* * For allocation that need to be freed by RCU. * Objects are reference counted, they start with reference count 1. * getref increases the refcount, the putref call that reduces the recount * to 0 schedules the rcu destruction. Caller must guarantee locking. * * refcount is initialized by ipc_addid(), before that point call_rcu() * must be used. */ bool ipc_rcu_getref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr); void ipc_rcu_putref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); void kernel_to_ipc64_perm(struct kern_ipc_perm *in, struct ipc64_perm *out); void ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct ipc_perm *out); int ipc_update_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct kern_ipc_perm *out); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcctl_obtain_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, int id, int cmd, struct ipc64_perm *perm, int extra_perm); static inline void ipc_update_pid(struct pid **pos, struct pid *pid) { struct pid *old = *pos; if (old != pid) { *pos = get_pid(pid); put_pid(old); } } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION int ipc_parse_version(int *cmd); #endif extern void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg); extern struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, size_t len); extern struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst); extern int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, size_t len); static inline int ipc_checkid(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, int id) { return ipcid_to_seqx(id) != ipcp->seq; } static inline void ipc_lock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_lock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_unlock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_assert_locked_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { assert_spin_locked(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { ipc_unlock_object(perm); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * ipc_valid_object() - helper to sort out IPC_RMID races for codepaths * where the respective ipc_ids.rwsem is not being held down. * Checks whether the ipc object is still around or if it's gone already, as * ipc_rmid() may have already freed the ID while the ipc lock was spinning. * Needs to be called with kern_ipc_perm.lock held -- exception made for one * checkpoint case at sys_semtimedop() as noted in code commentary. */ static inline bool ipc_valid_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { return !perm->deleted; } struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params); void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, void (*free)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *)); static inline int sem_check_semmni(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { /* * Check semmni range [0, ipc_mni] * semmni is the last element of sem_ctls[4] array */ return ((ns->sem_ctls[3] < 0) || (ns->sem_ctls[3] > ipc_mni)) ? -ERANGE : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <linux/compat.h> struct compat_ipc_perm { key_t key; __compat_uid_t uid; __compat_gid_t gid; __compat_uid_t cuid; __compat_gid_t cgid; compat_mode_t mode; unsigned short seq; }; void to_compat_ipc_perm(struct compat_ipc_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); void to_compat_ipc64_perm(struct compat_ipc64_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); int get_compat_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc_perm __user *); int get_compat_ipc64_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc64_perm __user *); static inline int compat_ipc_parse_version(int *cmd) { int version = *cmd & IPC_64; *cmd &= ~IPC_64; return version; } long compat_ksys_old_semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, int arg); long compat_ksys_old_msgctl(int msqid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); long compat_ksys_msgrcv(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, compat_long_t msgtyp, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_msgsnd(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_old_shmctl(int shmid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #define LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #include <linux/kexec.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> #include <uapi/linux/vmcore.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> /* for pgprot_t */ #ifdef CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP #define ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX (-1ULL) #define ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR (-2ULL) extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_addr; extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_size; extern int elfcorehdr_alloc(unsigned long long *addr, unsigned long long *size); extern void elfcorehdr_free(unsigned long long addr); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read_notes(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern int remap_oldmem_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long from, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page(unsigned long, char *, size_t, unsigned long, int); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page_encrypted(unsigned long pfn, char *buf, size_t csize, unsigned long offset, int userbuf); void vmcore_cleanup(void); /* Architecture code defines this if there are other possible ELF * machine types, e.g. on bi-arch capable hardware. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross #define vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x) 0 #endif /* * Architecture code can redefine this if there are any special checks * needed for 32-bit ELF or 64-bit ELF vmcores. In case of 32-bit * only architecture, vmcore_elf64_check_arch can be set to zero. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf32_check_arch #define vmcore_elf32_check_arch(x) elf_check_arch(x) #endif #ifndef vmcore_elf64_check_arch #define vmcore_elf64_check_arch(x) (elf_check_arch(x) || vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x)) #endif /* * is_kdump_kernel() checks whether this kernel is booting after a panic of * previous kernel or not. This is determined by checking if previous kernel * has passed the elf core header address on command line. * * This is not just a test if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP is enabled or not. It will * return true if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP=y and if kernel is booting after a panic * of previous kernel. */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX; } /* is_vmcore_usable() checks if the kernel is booting after a panic and * the vmcore region is usable. * * This makes use of the fact that due to alignment -2ULL is not * a valid pointer, much in the vain of IS_ERR(), except * dealing directly with an unsigned long long rather than a pointer. */ static inline int is_vmcore_usable(void) { return is_kdump_kernel() && elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR ? 1 : 0; } /* vmcore_unusable() marks the vmcore as unusable, * without disturbing the logic of is_kdump_kernel() */ static inline void vmcore_unusable(void) { if (is_kdump_kernel()) elfcorehdr_addr = ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR; } #define HAVE_OLDMEM_PFN_IS_RAM 1 extern int register_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(int (*fn)(unsigned long pfn)); extern void unregister_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(void); #else /* !CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ /* Device Dump information to be filled by drivers */ struct vmcoredd_data { char dump_name[VMCOREDD_MAX_NAME_BYTES]; /* Unique name of the dump */ unsigned int size; /* Size of the dump */ /* Driver's registered callback to be invoked to collect dump */ int (*vmcoredd_callback)(struct vmcoredd_data *data, void *buf); }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data); #else static inline int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted); #else static inline ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE */ #endif /* LINUX_CRASHDUMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2018 Christoph Hellwig. * * DMA operations that map physical memory directly without using an IOMMU. */ #ifndef _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #include <linux/dma-direct.h> int dma_direct_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_can_mmap(struct device *dev); int dma_direct_mmap(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_need_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr); int dma_direct_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); size_t dma_direct_max_mapping_size(struct device *dev); #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { } static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_device(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(paddr, size, dir); } static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) { arch_sync_dma_for_cpu(paddr, size, dir); arch_sync_dma_for_cpu_all(); } if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU); if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) arch_dma_mark_clean(paddr, size); } static inline dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = page_to_phys(page) + offset; dma_addr_t dma_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, phys); if (unlikely(swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_FORCE)) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); if (unlikely(!dma_capable(dev, dma_addr, size, true))) { if (swiotlb_force != SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); dev_WARN_ONCE(dev, 1, "DMA addr %pad+%zu overflow (mask %llx, bus limit %llx).\n", &dma_addr, size, *dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev) && !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(phys, size, dir); return dma_addr; } static inline void dma_direct_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(dev, addr, size, dir); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(phys))) swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, phys, size, size, dir, attrs); } #endif /* _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H #define _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H #include <linux/ring_buffer.h> #include <linux/trace_seq.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct trace_array; struct array_buffer; struct tracer; struct dentry; struct bpf_prog; const char *trace_print_flags_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const char *delim, unsigned long flags, const struct trace_print_flags *flag_array); const char *trace_print_symbols_seq(struct trace_seq *p, unsigned long val, const struct trace_print_flags *symbol_array); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 const char *trace_print_flags_seq_u64(struct trace_seq *p, const char *delim, unsigned long long flags, const struct trace_print_flags_u64 *flag_array); const char *trace_print_symbols_seq_u64(struct trace_seq *p, unsigned long long val, const struct trace_print_flags_u64 *symbol_array); #endif const char *trace_print_bitmask_seq(struct trace_seq *p, void *bitmask_ptr, unsigned int bitmask_size); const char *trace_print_hex_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const unsigned char *buf, int len, bool concatenate); const char *trace_print_array_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const void *buf, int count, size_t el_size); const char * trace_print_hex_dump_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); struct trace_iterator; struct trace_event; int trace_raw_output_prep(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct trace_event *event); /* * The trace entry - the most basic unit of tracing. This is what * is printed in the end as a single line in the trace output, such as: * * bash-15816 [01] 235.197585: idle_cpu <- irq_enter */ struct trace_entry { unsigned short type; unsigned char flags; unsigned char preempt_count; int pid; }; #define TRACE_EVENT_TYPE_MAX \ ((1 << (sizeof(((struct trace_entry *)0)->type) * 8)) - 1) /* * Trace iterator - used by printout routines who present trace * results to users and which routines might sleep, etc: */ struct trace_iterator { struct trace_array *tr; struct tracer *trace; struct array_buffer *array_buffer; void *private; int cpu_file; struct mutex mutex; struct ring_buffer_iter **buffer_iter; unsigned long iter_flags; void *temp; /* temp holder */ unsigned int temp_size; /* trace_seq for __print_flags() and __print_symbolic() etc. */ struct trace_seq tmp_seq; cpumask_var_t started; /* it's true when current open file is snapshot */ bool snapshot; /* The below is zeroed out in pipe_read */ struct trace_seq seq; struct trace_entry *ent; unsigned long lost_events; int leftover; int ent_size; int cpu; u64 ts; loff_t pos; long idx; /* All new field here will be zeroed out in pipe_read */ }; enum trace_iter_flags { TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT = 1, TRACE_FILE_ANNOTATE = 2, TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS = 4, }; typedef enum print_line_t (*trace_print_func)(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags, struct trace_event *event); struct trace_event_functions { trace_print_func trace; trace_print_func raw; trace_print_func hex; trace_print_func binary; }; struct trace_event { struct hlist_node node; struct list_head list; int type; struct trace_event_functions *funcs; }; extern int register_trace_event(struct trace_event *event); extern int unregister_trace_event(struct trace_event *event); /* Return values for print_line callback */ enum print_line_t { TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE = 0, /* Retry after flushing the seq */ TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED = 1, TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED = 2, /* Relay to other output functions */ TRACE_TYPE_NO_CONSUME = 3 /* Handled but ask to not consume */ }; enum print_line_t trace_handle_return(struct trace_seq *s); void tracing_generic_entry_update(struct trace_entry *entry, unsigned short type, unsigned long flags, int pc); struct trace_event_file; struct ring_buffer_event * trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer **current_buffer, struct trace_event_file *trace_file, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc); #define TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE BIT(0) #define TRACE_RECORD_TGID BIT(1) void tracing_record_taskinfo(struct task_struct *task, int flags); void tracing_record_taskinfo_sched_switch(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next, int flags); void tracing_record_cmdline(struct task_struct *task); void tracing_record_tgid(struct task_struct *task); int trace_output_call(struct trace_iterator *iter, char *name, char *fmt, ...); struct event_filter; enum trace_reg { TRACE_REG_REGISTER, TRACE_REG_UNREGISTER, #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS TRACE_REG_PERF_REGISTER, TRACE_REG_PERF_UNREGISTER, TRACE_REG_PERF_OPEN, TRACE_REG_PERF_CLOSE, /* * These (ADD/DEL) use a 'boolean' return value, where 1 (true) means a * custom action was taken and the default action is not to be * performed. */ TRACE_REG_PERF_ADD, TRACE_REG_PERF_DEL, #endif }; struct trace_event_call; #define TRACE_FUNCTION_TYPE ((const char *)~0UL) struct trace_event_fields { const char *type; union { struct { const char *name; const int size; const int align; const int is_signed; const int filter_type; }; int (*define_fields)(struct trace_event_call *); }; }; struct trace_event_class { const char *system; void *probe; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS void *perf_probe; #endif int (*reg)(struct trace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type, void *data); struct trace_event_fields *fields_array; struct list_head *(*get_fields)(struct trace_event_call *); struct list_head fields; int (*raw_init)(struct trace_event_call *); }; extern int trace_event_reg(struct trace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type, void *data); struct trace_event_buffer { struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct trace_event_file *trace_file; void *entry; unsigned long flags; int pc; struct pt_regs *regs; }; void *trace_event_buffer_reserve(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer, struct trace_event_file *trace_file, unsigned long len); void trace_event_buffer_commit(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer); enum { TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE_BIT, }; /* * Event flags: * FILTERED - The event has a filter attached * CAP_ANY - Any user can enable for perf * NO_SET_FILTER - Set when filter has error and is to be ignored * IGNORE_ENABLE - For trace internal events, do not enable with debugfs file * TRACEPOINT - Event is a tracepoint * KPROBE - Event is a kprobe * UPROBE - Event is a uprobe */ enum { TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE_BIT), }; #define TRACE_EVENT_FL_UKPROBE (TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE | TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE) struct trace_event_call { struct list_head list; struct trace_event_class *class; union { char *name; /* Set TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT flag when using "tp" */ struct tracepoint *tp; }; struct trace_event event; char *print_fmt; struct event_filter *filter; void *mod; void *data; /* * bit 0: filter_active * bit 1: allow trace by non root (cap any) * bit 2: failed to apply filter * bit 3: trace internal event (do not enable) * bit 4: Event was enabled by module * bit 5: use call filter rather than file filter * bit 6: Event is a tracepoint */ int flags; /* static flags of different events */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS int perf_refcount; struct hlist_head __percpu *perf_events; struct bpf_prog_array __rcu *prog_array; int (*perf_perm)(struct trace_event_call *, struct perf_event *); #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS static inline bool bpf_prog_array_valid(struct trace_event_call *call) { /* * This inline function checks whether call->prog_array * is valid or not. The function is called in various places, * outside rcu_read_lock/unlock, as a heuristic to speed up execution. * * If this function returns true, and later call->prog_array * becomes false inside rcu_read_lock/unlock region, * we bail out then. If this function return false, * there is a risk that we might miss a few events if the checking * were delayed until inside rcu_read_lock/unlock region and * call->prog_array happened to become non-NULL then. * * Here, READ_ONCE() is used instead of rcu_access_pointer(). * rcu_access_pointer() requires the actual definition of * "struct bpf_prog_array" while READ_ONCE() only needs * a declaration of the same type. */ return !!READ_ONCE(call->prog_array); } #endif static inline const char * trace_event_name(struct trace_event_call *call) { if (call->flags & TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT) return call->tp ? call->tp->name : NULL; else return call->name; } static inline struct list_head * trace_get_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call) { if (!event_call->class->get_fields) return &event_call->class->fields; return event_call->class->get_fields(event_call); } struct trace_array; struct trace_subsystem_dir; enum { EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED_BIT, }; extern struct trace_event_file *trace_get_event_file(const char *instance, const char *system, const char *event); extern void trace_put_event_file(struct trace_event_file *file); #define MAX_DYNEVENT_CMD_LEN (2048) enum dynevent_type { DYNEVENT_TYPE_SYNTH = 1, DYNEVENT_TYPE_KPROBE, DYNEVENT_TYPE_NONE, }; struct dynevent_cmd; typedef int (*dynevent_create_fn_t)(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd); struct dynevent_cmd { struct seq_buf seq; const char *event_name; unsigned int n_fields; enum dynevent_type type; dynevent_create_fn_t run_command; void *private_data; }; extern int dynevent_create(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd); extern int synth_event_delete(const char *name); extern void synth_event_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen); extern int __synth_event_gen_cmd_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *name, struct module *mod, ...); #define synth_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, mod, ...) \ __synth_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, mod, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) struct synth_field_desc { const char *type; const char *name; }; extern int synth_event_gen_cmd_array_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *name, struct module *mod, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields); extern int synth_event_create(const char *name, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields, struct module *mod); extern int synth_event_add_field(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *type, const char *name); extern int synth_event_add_field_str(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *type_name); extern int synth_event_add_fields(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields); #define synth_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) struct synth_event; struct synth_event_trace_state { struct trace_event_buffer fbuffer; struct synth_trace_event *entry; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct synth_event *event; unsigned int cur_field; unsigned int n_u64; bool disabled; bool add_next; bool add_name; }; extern int synth_event_trace(struct trace_event_file *file, unsigned int n_vals, ...); extern int synth_event_trace_array(struct trace_event_file *file, u64 *vals, unsigned int n_vals); extern int synth_event_trace_start(struct trace_event_file *file, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_add_next_val(u64 val, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_add_val(const char *field_name, u64 val, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_trace_end(struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int kprobe_event_delete(const char *name); extern void kprobe_event_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen); #define kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, loc, ...) \ __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, false, name, loc, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) #define kretprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, loc, ...) \ __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, true, name, loc, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) extern int __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, bool kretprobe, const char *name, const char *loc, ...); #define kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, ...) \ __kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) #define kprobe_event_add_field(cmd, field) \ __kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, field, NULL) extern int __kprobe_event_add_fields(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, ...); #define kprobe_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) #define kretprobe_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) /* * Event file flags: * ENABLED - The event is enabled * RECORDED_CMD - The comms should be recorded at sched_switch * RECORDED_TGID - The tgids should be recorded at sched_switch * FILTERED - The event has a filter attached * NO_SET_FILTER - Set when filter has error and is to be ignored * SOFT_MODE - The event is enabled/disabled by SOFT_DISABLED * SOFT_DISABLED - When set, do not trace the event (even though its * tracepoint may be enabled) * TRIGGER_MODE - When set, invoke the triggers associated with the event * TRIGGER_COND - When set, one or more triggers has an associated filter * PID_FILTER - When set, the event is filtered based on pid * WAS_ENABLED - Set when enabled to know to clear trace on module removal */ enum { EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED_BIT), }; struct trace_event_file { struct list_head list; struct trace_event_call *event_call; struct event_filter __rcu *filter; struct dentry *dir; struct trace_array *tr; struct trace_subsystem_dir *system; struct list_head triggers; /* * 32 bit flags: * bit 0: enabled * bit 1: enabled cmd record * bit 2: enable/disable with the soft disable bit * bit 3: soft disabled * bit 4: trigger enabled * * Note: The bits must be set atomically to prevent races * from other writers. Reads of flags do not need to be in * sync as they occur in critical sections. But the way flags * is currently used, these changes do not affect the code * except that when a change is made, it may have a slight * delay in propagating the changes to other CPUs due to * caching and such. Which is mostly OK ;-) */ unsigned long flags; atomic_t sm_ref; /* soft-mode reference counter */ atomic_t tm_ref; /* trigger-mode reference counter */ }; #define __TRACE_EVENT_FLAGS(name, value) \ static int __init trace_init_flags_##name(void) \ { \ event_##name.flags |= value; \ return 0; \ } \ early_initcall(trace_init_flags_##name); #define __TRACE_EVENT_PERF_PERM(name, expr...) \ static int perf_perm_##name(struct trace_event_call *tp_event, \ struct perf_event *p_event) \ { \ return ({ expr; }); \ } \ static int __init trace_init_perf_perm_##name(void) \ { \ event_##name.perf_perm = &perf_perm_##name; \ return 0; \ } \ early_initcall(trace_init_perf_perm_##name); #define PERF_MAX_TRACE_SIZE 2048 #define MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL 256 /* Should handle KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN */ enum event_trigger_type { ETT_NONE = (0), ETT_TRACE_ONOFF = (1 << 0), ETT_SNAPSHOT = (1 << 1), ETT_STACKTRACE = (1 << 2), ETT_EVENT_ENABLE = (1 << 3), ETT_EVENT_HIST = (1 << 4), ETT_HIST_ENABLE = (1 << 5), }; extern int filter_match_preds(struct event_filter *filter, void *rec); extern enum event_trigger_type event_triggers_call(struct trace_event_file *file, void *rec, struct ring_buffer_event *event); extern void event_triggers_post_call(struct trace_event_file *file, enum event_trigger_type tt); bool trace_event_ignore_this_pid(struct trace_event_file *trace_file); /** * trace_trigger_soft_disabled - do triggers and test if soft disabled * @file: The file pointer of the event to test * * If any triggers without filters are attached to this event, they * will be called here. If the event is soft disabled and has no * triggers that require testing the fields, it will return true, * otherwise false. */ static inline bool trace_trigger_soft_disabled(struct trace_event_file *file) { unsigned long eflags = file->flags; if (!(eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND)) { if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE) event_triggers_call(file, NULL, NULL); if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED) return true; if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER) return trace_event_ignore_this_pid(file); } return false; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx); int perf_event_attach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, struct bpf_prog *prog); void perf_event_detach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event); int perf_event_query_prog_array(struct perf_event *event, void __user *info); int bpf_probe_register(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *prog); int bpf_probe_unregister(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *prog); struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_get_raw_tracepoint(const char *name); void bpf_put_raw_tracepoint(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp); int bpf_get_perf_event_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *prog_id, u32 *fd_type, const char **buf, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr); #else static inline unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx) { return 1; } static inline int perf_event_attach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, struct bpf_prog *prog) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void perf_event_detach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline int perf_event_query_prog_array(struct perf_event *event, void __user *info) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int bpf_probe_register(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *p) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int bpf_probe_unregister(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *p) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_get_raw_tracepoint(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void bpf_put_raw_tracepoint(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp) { } static inline int bpf_get_perf_event_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *prog_id, u32 *fd_type, const char **buf, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif enum { FILTER_OTHER = 0, FILTER_STATIC_STRING, FILTER_DYN_STRING, FILTER_PTR_STRING, FILTER_TRACE_FN, FILTER_COMM, FILTER_CPU, }; extern int trace_event_raw_init(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_define_field(struct trace_event_call *call, const char *type, const char *name, int offset, int size, int is_signed, int filter_type); extern int trace_add_event_call(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_remove_event_call(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_event_get_offsets(struct trace_event_call *call); #define is_signed_type(type) (((type)(-1)) < (type)1) int ftrace_set_clr_event(struct trace_array *tr, char *buf, int set); int trace_set_clr_event(const char *system, const char *event, int set); int trace_array_set_clr_event(struct trace_array *tr, const char *system, const char *event, bool enable); /* * The double __builtin_constant_p is because gcc will give us an error * if we try to allocate the static variable to fmt if it is not a * constant. Even with the outer if statement optimizing out. */ #define event_trace_printk(ip, fmt, args...) \ do { \ __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \ tracing_record_cmdline(current); \ if (__builtin_constant_p(fmt)) { \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(fmt) ? fmt : NULL; \ \ __trace_bprintk(ip, trace_printk_fmt, ##args); \ } else \ __trace_printk(ip, fmt, ##args); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs, perf_trace_regs); DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_kprobe_override); extern int perf_trace_init(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_trace_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_trace_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags); extern void perf_trace_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS extern int perf_kprobe_init(struct perf_event *event, bool is_retprobe); extern void perf_kprobe_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int bpf_get_kprobe_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *fd_type, const char **symbol, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr, bool perf_type_tracepoint); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBE_EVENTS extern int perf_uprobe_init(struct perf_event *event, unsigned long ref_ctr_offset, bool is_retprobe); extern void perf_uprobe_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int bpf_get_uprobe_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *fd_type, const char **filename, u64 *probe_offset, bool perf_type_tracepoint); #endif extern int ftrace_profile_set_filter(struct perf_event *event, int event_id, char *filter_str); extern void ftrace_profile_free_filter(struct perf_event *event); void perf_trace_buf_update(void *record, u16 type); void *perf_trace_buf_alloc(int size, struct pt_regs **regs, int *rctxp); void bpf_trace_run1(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1); void bpf_trace_run2(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2); void bpf_trace_run3(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3); void bpf_trace_run4(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4); void bpf_trace_run5(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5); void bpf_trace_run6(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6); void bpf_trace_run7(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7); void bpf_trace_run8(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8); void bpf_trace_run9(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9); void bpf_trace_run10(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10); void bpf_trace_run11(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10, u64 arg11); void bpf_trace_run12(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10, u64 arg11, u64 arg12); void perf_trace_run_bpf_submit(void *raw_data, int size, int rctx, struct trace_event_call *call, u64 count, struct pt_regs *regs, struct hlist_head *head, struct task_struct *task); static inline void perf_trace_buf_submit(void *raw_data, int size, int rctx, u16 type, u64 count, struct pt_regs *regs, void *head, struct task_struct *task) { perf_tp_event(type, count, raw_data, size, regs, head, rctx, task); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H */
18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * This is a maximally equidistributed combined Tausworthe generator * based on code from GNU Scientific Library 1.5 (30 Jun 2004) * * lfsr113 version: * * x_n = (s1_n ^ s2_n ^ s3_n ^ s4_n) * * s1_{n+1} = (((s1_n & 4294967294) << 18) ^ (((s1_n << 6) ^ s1_n) >> 13)) * s2_{n+1} = (((s2_n & 4294967288) << 2) ^ (((s2_n << 2) ^ s2_n) >> 27)) * s3_{n+1} = (((s3_n & 4294967280) << 7) ^ (((s3_n << 13) ^ s3_n) >> 21)) * s4_{n+1} = (((s4_n & 4294967168) << 13) ^ (((s4_n << 3) ^ s4_n) >> 12)) * * The period of this generator is about 2^113 (see erratum paper). * * From: P. L'Ecuyer, "Maximally Equidistributed Combined Tausworthe * Generators", Mathematics of Computation, 65, 213 (1996), 203--213: * http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lecuyer/myftp/papers/tausme.ps * ftp://ftp.iro.umontreal.ca/pub/simulation/lecuyer/papers/tausme.ps * * There is an erratum in the paper "Tables of Maximally Equidistributed * Combined LFSR Generators", Mathematics of Computation, 68, 225 (1999), * 261--269: http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lecuyer/myftp/papers/tausme2.ps * * ... the k_j most significant bits of z_j must be non-zero, * for each j. (Note: this restriction also applies to the * computer code given in [4], but was mistakenly not mentioned * in that paper.) * * This affects the seeding procedure by imposing the requirement * s1 > 1, s2 > 7, s3 > 15, s4 > 127. */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> #include <trace/events/random.h> /** * prandom_u32_state - seeded pseudo-random number generator. * @state: pointer to state structure holding seeded state. * * This is used for pseudo-randomness with no outside seeding. * For more random results, use prandom_u32(). */ u32 prandom_u32_state(struct rnd_state *state) { #define TAUSWORTHE(s, a, b, c, d) ((s & c) << d) ^ (((s << a) ^ s) >> b) state->s1 = TAUSWORTHE(state->s1, 6U, 13U, 4294967294U, 18U); state->s2 = TAUSWORTHE(state->s2, 2U, 27U, 4294967288U, 2U); state->s3 = TAUSWORTHE(state->s3, 13U, 21U, 4294967280U, 7U); state->s4 = TAUSWORTHE(state->s4, 3U, 12U, 4294967168U, 13U); return (state->s1 ^ state->s2 ^ state->s3 ^ state->s4); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(prandom_u32_state); /** * prandom_bytes_state - get the requested number of pseudo-random bytes * * @state: pointer to state structure holding seeded state. * @buf: where to copy the pseudo-random bytes to * @bytes: the requested number of bytes * * This is used for pseudo-randomness with no outside seeding. * For more random results, use prandom_bytes(). */ void prandom_bytes_state(struct rnd_state *state, void *buf, size_t bytes) { u8 *ptr = buf; while (bytes >= sizeof(u32)) { put_unaligned(prandom_u32_state(state), (u32 *) ptr); ptr += sizeof(u32); bytes -= sizeof(u32); } if (bytes > 0) { u32 rem = prandom_u32_state(state); do { *ptr++ = (u8) rem; bytes--; rem >>= BITS_PER_BYTE; } while (bytes > 0); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(prandom_bytes_state); static void prandom_warmup(struct rnd_state *state) { /* Calling RNG ten times to satisfy recurrence condition */ prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); prandom_u32_state(state); } void prandom_seed_full_state(struct rnd_state __percpu *pcpu_state) { int i; for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct rnd_state *state = per_cpu_ptr(pcpu_state, i); u32 seeds[4]; get_random_bytes(&seeds, sizeof(seeds)); state->s1 = __seed(seeds[0], 2U); state->s2 = __seed(seeds[1], 8U); state->s3 = __seed(seeds[2], 16U); state->s4 = __seed(seeds[3], 128U); prandom_warmup(state); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(prandom_seed_full_state); #ifdef CONFIG_RANDOM32_SELFTEST static struct prandom_test1 { u32 seed; u32 result; } test1[] = { { 1U, 3484351685U }, { 2U, 2623130059U }, { 3U, 3125133893U }, { 4U, 984847254U }, }; static struct prandom_test2 { u32 seed; u32 iteration; u32 result; } test2[] = { /* Test cases against taus113 from GSL library. */ { 931557656U, 959U, 2975593782U }, { 1339693295U, 876U, 3887776532U }, { 1545556285U, 961U, 1615538833U }, { 601730776U, 723U, 1776162651U }, { 1027516047U, 687U, 511983079U }, { 416526298U, 700U, 916156552U }, { 1395522032U, 652U, 2222063676U }, { 366221443U, 617U, 2992857763U }, { 1539836965U, 714U, 3783265725U }, { 556206671U, 994U, 799626459U }, { 684907218U, 799U, 367789491U }, { 2121230701U, 931U, 2115467001U }, { 1668516451U, 644U, 3620590685U }, { 768046066U, 883U, 2034077390U }, { 1989159136U, 833U, 1195767305U }, { 536585145U, 996U, 3577259204U }, { 1008129373U, 642U, 1478080776U }, { 1740775604U, 939U, 1264980372U }, { 1967883163U, 508U, 10734624U }, { 1923019697U, 730U, 3821419629U }, { 442079932U, 560U, 3440032343U }, { 1961302714U, 845U, 841962572U }, { 2030205964U, 962U, 1325144227U }, { 1160407529U, 507U, 240940858U }, { 635482502U, 779U, 4200489746U }, { 1252788931U, 699U, 867195434U }, { 1961817131U, 719U, 668237657U }, { 1071468216U, 983U, 917876630U }, { 1281848367U, 932U, 1003100039U }, { 582537119U, 780U, 1127273778U }, { 1973672777U, 853U, 1071368872U }, { 1896756996U, 762U, 1127851055U }, { 847917054U, 500U, 1717499075U }, { 1240520510U, 951U, 2849576657U }, { 1685071682U, 567U, 1961810396U }, { 1516232129U, 557U, 3173877U }, { 1208118903U, 612U, 1613145022U }, { 1817269927U, 693U, 4279122573U }, { 1510091701U, 717U, 638191229U }, { 365916850U, 807U, 600424314U }, { 399324359U, 702U, 1803598116U }, { 1318480274U, 779U, 2074237022U }, { 697758115U, 840U, 1483639402U }, { 1696507773U, 840U, 577415447U }, { 2081979121U, 981U, 3041486449U }, { 955646687U, 742U, 3846494357U }, { 1250683506U, 749U, 836419859U }, { 595003102U, 534U, 366794109U }, { 47485338U, 558U, 3521120834U }, { 619433479U, 610U, 3991783875U }, { 704096520U, 518U, 4139493852U }, { 1712224984U, 606U, 2393312003U }, { 1318233152U, 922U, 3880361134U }, { 855572992U, 761U, 1472974787U }, { 64721421U, 703U, 683860550U }, { 678931758U, 840U, 380616043U }, { 692711973U, 778U, 1382361947U }, { 677703619U, 530U, 2826914161U }, { 92393223U, 586U, 1522128471U }, { 1222592920U, 743U, 3466726667U }, { 358288986U, 695U, 1091956998U }, { 1935056945U, 958U, 514864477U }, { 735675993U, 990U, 1294239989U }, { 1560089402U, 897U, 2238551287U }, { 70616361U, 829U, 22483098U }, { 368234700U, 731U, 2913875084U }, { 20221190U, 879U, 1564152970U }, { 539444654U, 682U, 1835141259U }, { 1314987297U, 840U, 1801114136U }, { 2019295544U, 645U, 3286438930U }, { 469023838U, 716U, 1637918202U }, { 1843754496U, 653U, 2562092152U }, { 400672036U, 809U, 4264212785U }, { 404722249U, 965U, 2704116999U }, { 600702209U, 758U, 584979986U }, { 519953954U, 667U, 2574436237U }, { 1658071126U, 694U, 2214569490U }, { 420480037U, 749U, 3430010866U }, { 690103647U, 969U, 3700758083U }, { 1029424799U, 937U, 3787746841U }, { 2012608669U, 506U, 3362628973U }, { 1535432887U, 998U, 42610943U }, { 1330635533U, 857U, 3040806504U }, { 1223800550U, 539U, 3954229517U }, { 1322411537U, 680U, 3223250324U }, { 1877847898U, 945U, 2915147143U }, { 1646356099U, 874U, 965988280U }, { 805687536U, 744U, 4032277920U }, { 1948093210U, 633U, 1346597684U }, { 392609744U, 783U, 1636083295U }, { 690241304U, 770U, 1201031298U }, { 1360302965U, 696U, 1665394461U }, { 1220090946U, 780U, 1316922812U }, { 447092251U, 500U, 3438743375U }, { 1613868791U, 592U, 828546883U }, { 523430951U, 548U, 2552392304U }, { 726692899U, 810U, 1656872867U }, { 1364340021U, 836U, 3710513486U }, { 1986257729U, 931U, 935013962U }, { 407983964U, 921U, 728767059U }, }; static u32 __extract_hwseed(void) { unsigned int val = 0; (void)(arch_get_random_seed_int(&val) || arch_get_random_int(&val)); return val; } static void prandom_seed_early(struct rnd_state *state, u32 seed, bool mix_with_hwseed) { #define LCG(x) ((x) * 69069U) /* super-duper LCG */ #define HWSEED() (mix_with_hwseed ? __extract_hwseed() : 0) state->s1 = __seed(HWSEED() ^ LCG(seed), 2U); state->s2 = __seed(HWSEED() ^ LCG(state->s1), 8U); state->s3 = __seed(HWSEED() ^ LCG(state->s2), 16U); state->s4 = __seed(HWSEED() ^ LCG(state->s3), 128U); } static int __init prandom_state_selftest(void) { int i, j, errors = 0, runs = 0; bool error = false; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(test1); i++) { struct rnd_state state; prandom_seed_early(&state, test1[i].seed, false); prandom_warmup(&state); if (test1[i].result != prandom_u32_state(&state)) error = true; } if (error) pr_warn("prandom: seed boundary self test failed\n"); else pr_info("prandom: seed boundary self test passed\n"); for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(test2); i++) { struct rnd_state state; prandom_seed_early(&state, test2[i].seed, false); prandom_warmup(&state); for (j = 0; j < test2[i].iteration - 1; j++) prandom_u32_state(&state); if (test2[i].result != prandom_u32_state(&state)) errors++; runs++; cond_resched(); } if (errors) pr_warn("prandom: %d/%d self tests failed\n", errors, runs); else pr_info("prandom: %d self tests passed\n", runs); return 0; } core_initcall(prandom_state_selftest); #endif /* * The prandom_u32() implementation is now completely separate from the * prandom_state() functions, which are retained (for now) for compatibility. * * Because of (ab)use in the networking code for choosing random TCP/UDP port * numbers, which open DoS possibilities if guessable, we want something * stronger than a standard PRNG. But the performance requirements of * the network code do not allow robust crypto for this application. * * So this is a homebrew Junior Spaceman implementation, based on the * lowest-latency trustworthy crypto primitive available, SipHash. * (The authors of SipHash have not been consulted about this abuse of * their work.) * * Standard SipHash-2-4 uses 2n+4 rounds to hash n words of input to * one word of output. This abbreviated version uses 2 rounds per word * of output. */ struct siprand_state { unsigned long v0; unsigned long v1; unsigned long v2; unsigned long v3; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct siprand_state, net_rand_state) __latent_entropy; DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, net_rand_noise); EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(net_rand_noise); /* * This is the core CPRNG function. As "pseudorandom", this is not used * for truly valuable things, just intended to be a PITA to guess. * For maximum speed, we do just two SipHash rounds per word. This is * the same rate as 4 rounds per 64 bits that SipHash normally uses, * so hopefully it's reasonably secure. * * There are two changes from the official SipHash finalization: * - We omit some constants XORed with v2 in the SipHash spec as irrelevant; * they are there only to make the output rounds distinct from the input * rounds, and this application has no input rounds. * - Rather than returning v0^v1^v2^v3, return v1+v3. * If you look at the SipHash round, the last operation on v3 is * "v3 ^= v0", so "v0 ^ v3" just undoes that, a waste of time. * Likewise "v1 ^= v2". (The rotate of v2 makes a difference, but * it still cancels out half of the bits in v2 for no benefit.) * Second, since the last combining operation was xor, continue the * pattern of alternating xor/add for a tiny bit of extra non-linearity. */ static inline u32 siprand_u32(struct siprand_state *s) { unsigned long v0 = s->v0, v1 = s->v1, v2 = s->v2, v3 = s->v3; unsigned long n = raw_cpu_read(net_rand_noise); v3 ^= n; PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); v0 ^= n; s->v0 = v0; s->v1 = v1; s->v2 = v2; s->v3 = v3; return v1 + v3; } /** * prandom_u32 - pseudo random number generator * * A 32 bit pseudo-random number is generated using a fast * algorithm suitable for simulation. This algorithm is NOT * considered safe for cryptographic use. */ u32 prandom_u32(void) { struct siprand_state *state = get_cpu_ptr(&net_rand_state); u32 res = siprand_u32(state); trace_prandom_u32(res); put_cpu_ptr(&net_rand_state); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(prandom_u32); /** * prandom_bytes - get the requested number of pseudo-random bytes * @buf: where to copy the pseudo-random bytes to * @bytes: the requested number of bytes */ void prandom_bytes(void *buf, size_t bytes) { struct siprand_state *state = get_cpu_ptr(&net_rand_state); u8 *ptr = buf; while (bytes >= sizeof(u32)) { put_unaligned(siprand_u32(state), (u32 *)ptr); ptr += sizeof(u32); bytes -= sizeof(u32); } if (bytes > 0) { u32 rem = siprand_u32(state); do { *ptr++ = (u8)rem; rem >>= BITS_PER_BYTE; } while (--bytes > 0); } put_cpu_ptr(&net_rand_state); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(prandom_bytes); /** * prandom_seed - add entropy to pseudo random number generator * @entropy: entropy value * * Add some additional seed material to the prandom pool. * The "entropy" is actually our IP address (the only caller is * the network code), not for unpredictability, but to ensure that * different machines are initialized differently. */ void prandom_seed(u32 entropy) { int i; add_device_randomness(&entropy, sizeof(entropy)); for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct siprand_state *state = per_cpu_ptr(&net_rand_state, i); unsigned long v0 = state->v0, v1 = state->v1; unsigned long v2 = state->v2, v3 = state->v3; do { v3 ^= entropy; PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); v0 ^= entropy; } while (unlikely(!v0 || !v1 || !v2 || !v3)); WRITE_ONCE(state->v0, v0); WRITE_ONCE(state->v1, v1); WRITE_ONCE(state->v2, v2); WRITE_ONCE(state->v3, v3); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(prandom_seed); /* * Generate some initially weak seeding values to allow * the prandom_u32() engine to be started. */ static int __init prandom_init_early(void) { int i; unsigned long v0, v1, v2, v3; if (!arch_get_random_long(&v0)) v0 = jiffies; if (!arch_get_random_long(&v1)) v1 = random_get_entropy(); v2 = v0 ^ PRND_K0; v3 = v1 ^ PRND_K1; for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct siprand_state *state; v3 ^= i; PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); v0 ^= i; state = per_cpu_ptr(&net_rand_state, i); state->v0 = v0; state->v1 = v1; state->v2 = v2; state->v3 = v3; } return 0; } core_initcall(prandom_init_early); /* Stronger reseeding when available, and periodically thereafter. */ static void prandom_reseed(struct timer_list *unused); static DEFINE_TIMER(seed_timer, prandom_reseed); static void prandom_reseed(struct timer_list *unused) { unsigned long expires; int i; /* * Reinitialize each CPU's PRNG with 128 bits of key. * No locking on the CPUs, but then somewhat random results are, * well, expected. */ for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct siprand_state *state; unsigned long v0 = get_random_long(), v2 = v0 ^ PRND_K0; unsigned long v1 = get_random_long(), v3 = v1 ^ PRND_K1; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 int j; /* * On 32-bit machines, hash in two extra words to * approximate 128-bit key length. Not that the hash * has that much security, but this prevents a trivial * 64-bit brute force. */ for (j = 0; j < 2; j++) { unsigned long m = get_random_long(); v3 ^= m; PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3); v0 ^= m; } #endif /* * Probably impossible in practice, but there is a * theoretical risk that a race between this reseeding * and the target CPU writing its state back could * create the all-zero SipHash fixed point. * * To ensure that never happens, ensure the state * we write contains no zero words. */ state = per_cpu_ptr(&net_rand_state, i); WRITE_ONCE(state->v0, v0 ? v0 : -1ul); WRITE_ONCE(state->v1, v1 ? v1 : -1ul); WRITE_ONCE(state->v2, v2 ? v2 : -1ul); WRITE_ONCE(state->v3, v3 ? v3 : -1ul); } /* reseed every ~60 seconds, in [40 .. 80) interval with slack */ expires = round_jiffies(jiffies + 40 * HZ + prandom_u32_max(40 * HZ)); mod_timer(&seed_timer, expires); } /* * The random ready callback can be called from almost any interrupt. * To avoid worrying about whether it's safe to delay that interrupt * long enough to seed all CPUs, just schedule an immediate timer event. */ static void prandom_timer_start(struct random_ready_callback *unused) { mod_timer(&seed_timer, jiffies); } #ifdef CONFIG_RANDOM32_SELFTEST /* Principle: True 32-bit random numbers will all have 16 differing bits on * average. For each 32-bit number, there are 601M numbers differing by 16 * bits, and 89% of the numbers differ by at least 12 bits. Note that more * than 16 differing bits also implies a correlation with inverted bits. Thus * we take 1024 random numbers and compare each of them to the other ones, * counting the deviation of correlated bits to 16. Constants report 32, * counters 32-log2(TEST_SIZE), and pure randoms, around 6 or lower. With the * u32 total, TEST_SIZE may be as large as 4096 samples. */ #define TEST_SIZE 1024 static int __init prandom32_state_selftest(void) { unsigned int x, y, bits, samples; u32 xor, flip; u32 total; u32 *data; data = kmalloc(sizeof(*data) * TEST_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!data) return 0; for (samples = 0; samples < TEST_SIZE; samples++) data[samples] = prandom_u32(); flip = total = 0; for (x = 0; x < samples; x++) { for (y = 0; y < samples; y++) { if (x == y) continue; xor = data[x] ^ data[y]; flip |= xor; bits = hweight32(xor); total += (bits - 16) * (bits - 16); } } /* We'll return the average deviation as 2*sqrt(corr/samples), which * is also sqrt(4*corr/samples) which provides a better resolution. */ bits = int_sqrt(total / (samples * (samples - 1)) * 4); if (bits > 6) pr_warn("prandom32: self test failed (at least %u bits" " correlated, fixed_mask=%#x fixed_value=%#x\n", bits, ~flip, data[0] & ~flip); else pr_info("prandom32: self test passed (less than %u bits" " correlated)\n", bits+1); kfree(data); return 0; } core_initcall(prandom32_state_selftest); #endif /* CONFIG_RANDOM32_SELFTEST */ /* * Start periodic full reseeding as soon as strong * random numbers are available. */ static int __init prandom_init_late(void) { static struct random_ready_callback random_ready = { .func = prandom_timer_start }; int ret = add_random_ready_callback(&random_ready); if (ret == -EALREADY) { prandom_timer_start(&random_ready); ret = 0; } return ret; } late_initcall(prandom_init_late);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _MM_PERCPU_INTERNAL_H #define _MM_PERCPU_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> /* * There are two chunk types: root and memcg-aware. * Chunks of each type have separate slots list. * * Memcg-aware chunks have an attached vector of obj_cgroup pointers, which is * used to store memcg membership data of a percpu object. Obj_cgroups are * ref-counted pointers to a memory cgroup with an ability to switch dynamically * to the parent memory cgroup. This allows to reclaim a deleted memory cgroup * without reclaiming of all outstanding objects, which hold a reference at it. */ enum pcpu_chunk_type { PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT, #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG, #endif PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES, PCPU_FAIL_ALLOC = PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES }; /* * pcpu_block_md is the metadata block struct. * Each chunk's bitmap is split into a number of full blocks. * All units are in terms of bits. * * The scan hint is the largest known contiguous area before the contig hint. * It is not necessarily the actual largest contig hint though. There is an * invariant that the scan_hint_start > contig_hint_start iff * scan_hint == contig_hint. This is necessary because when scanning forward, * we don't know if a new contig hint would be better than the current one. */ struct pcpu_block_md { int scan_hint; /* scan hint for block */ int scan_hint_start; /* block relative starting position of the scan hint */ int contig_hint; /* contig hint for block */ int contig_hint_start; /* block relative starting position of the contig hint */ int left_free; /* size of free space along the left side of the block */ int right_free; /* size of free space along the right side of the block */ int first_free; /* block position of first free */ int nr_bits; /* total bits responsible for */ }; struct pcpu_chunk { #ifdef CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS int nr_alloc; /* # of allocations */ size_t max_alloc_size; /* largest allocation size */ #endif struct list_head list; /* linked to pcpu_slot lists */ int free_bytes; /* free bytes in the chunk */ struct pcpu_block_md chunk_md; void *base_addr; /* base address of this chunk */ unsigned long *alloc_map; /* allocation map */ unsigned long *bound_map; /* boundary map */ struct pcpu_block_md *md_blocks; /* metadata blocks */ void *data; /* chunk data */ bool immutable; /* no [de]population allowed */ int start_offset; /* the overlap with the previous region to have a page aligned base_addr */ int end_offset; /* additional area required to have the region end page aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; /* vector of object cgroups */ #endif int nr_pages; /* # of pages served by this chunk */ int nr_populated; /* # of populated pages */ int nr_empty_pop_pages; /* # of empty populated pages */ unsigned long populated[]; /* populated bitmap */ }; extern spinlock_t pcpu_lock; extern struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_lists; extern int pcpu_nr_slots; extern int pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[]; extern struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_first_chunk; extern struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_reserved_chunk; /** * pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks - converts nr_pages to # of md_blocks * @chunk: chunk of interest * * This conversion is from the number of physical pages that the chunk * serves to the number of bitmap blocks used. */ static inline int pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return chunk->nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits - converts the pages to size of bitmap * @pages: number of physical pages * * This conversion is from physical pages to the number of bits * required in the bitmap. */ static inline int pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits(int pages) { return pages * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_chunk_map_bits - helper to convert nr_pages to size of bitmap * @chunk: chunk of interest * * This conversion is from the number of physical pages that the chunk * serves to the number of bits in the bitmap. */ static inline int pcpu_chunk_map_bits(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return pcpu_nr_pages_to_map_bits(chunk->nr_pages); } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static inline enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_chunk_type(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { if (chunk->obj_cgroups) return PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static inline bool pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return chunk_type == PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; } #else static inline enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_chunk_type(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static inline bool pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return false; } #endif static inline struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_list(enum pcpu_chunk_type chunk_type) { return &pcpu_chunk_lists[pcpu_nr_slots * pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(chunk_type)]; } #ifdef CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS #include <linux/spinlock.h> struct percpu_stats { u64 nr_alloc; /* lifetime # of allocations */ u64 nr_dealloc; /* lifetime # of deallocations */ u64 nr_cur_alloc; /* current # of allocations */ u64 nr_max_alloc; /* max # of live allocations */ u32 nr_chunks; /* current # of live chunks */ u32 nr_max_chunks; /* max # of live chunks */ size_t min_alloc_size; /* min allocaiton size */ size_t max_alloc_size; /* max allocation size */ }; extern struct percpu_stats pcpu_stats; extern struct pcpu_alloc_info pcpu_stats_ai; /* * For debug purposes. We don't care about the flexible array. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_save_ai(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { memcpy(&pcpu_stats_ai, ai, sizeof(struct pcpu_alloc_info)); /* initialize min_alloc_size to unit_size */ pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size = pcpu_stats_ai.unit_size; } /* * pcpu_stats_area_alloc - increment area allocation stats * @chunk: the location of the area being allocated * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_area_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, size_t size) { lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats.nr_alloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_max_alloc = max(pcpu_stats.nr_max_alloc, pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc); pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size = min(pcpu_stats.min_alloc_size, size); pcpu_stats.max_alloc_size = max(pcpu_stats.max_alloc_size, size); chunk->nr_alloc++; chunk->max_alloc_size = max(chunk->max_alloc_size, size); } /* * pcpu_stats_area_dealloc - decrement allocation stats * @chunk: the location of the area being deallocated * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static inline void pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats.nr_dealloc++; pcpu_stats.nr_cur_alloc--; chunk->nr_alloc--; } /* * pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc - increment chunk stats */ static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(void) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_stats.nr_chunks++; pcpu_stats.nr_max_chunks = max(pcpu_stats.nr_max_chunks, pcpu_stats.nr_chunks); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } /* * pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc - decrement chunk stats */ static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc(void) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_stats.nr_chunks--; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } #else static inline void pcpu_stats_save_ai(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_area_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, size_t size) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(void) { } static inline void pcpu_stats_chunk_dealloc(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This header file contains public constants and structures used by * the SCSI initiator code. */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <scsi/scsi_common.h> #include <scsi/scsi_proto.h> struct scsi_cmnd; enum scsi_timeouts { SCSI_DEFAULT_EH_TIMEOUT = 10 * HZ, }; /* * DIX-capable adapters effectively support infinite chaining for the * protection information scatterlist */ #define SCSI_MAX_PROT_SG_SEGMENTS 0xFFFF /* * Special value for scanning to specify scanning or rescanning of all * possible channels, (target) ids, or luns on a given shost. */ #define SCAN_WILD_CARD ~0 /** scsi_status_is_good - check the status return. * * @status: the status passed up from the driver (including host and * driver components) * * This returns true for known good conditions that may be treated as * command completed normally */ static inline int scsi_status_is_good(int status) { /* * FIXME: bit0 is listed as reserved in SCSI-2, but is * significant in SCSI-3. For now, we follow the SCSI-2 * behaviour and ignore reserved bits. */ status &= 0xfe; return ((status == SAM_STAT_GOOD) || (status == SAM_STAT_CONDITION_MET) || /* Next two "intermediate" statuses are obsolete in SAM-4 */ (status == SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE) || (status == SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE_CONDITION_MET) || /* FIXME: this is obsolete in SAM-3 */ (status == SAM_STAT_COMMAND_TERMINATED)); } /* * standard mode-select header prepended to all mode-select commands */ struct ccs_modesel_head { __u8 _r1; /* reserved */ __u8 medium; /* device-specific medium type */ __u8 _r2; /* reserved */ __u8 block_desc_length; /* block descriptor length */ __u8 density; /* device-specific density code */ __u8 number_blocks_hi; /* number of blocks in this block desc */ __u8 number_blocks_med; __u8 number_blocks_lo; __u8 _r3; __u8 block_length_hi; /* block length for blocks in this desc */ __u8 block_length_med; __u8 block_length_lo; }; /* * The Well Known LUNS (SAM-3) in our int representation of a LUN */ #define SCSI_W_LUN_BASE 0xc100 #define SCSI_W_LUN_REPORT_LUNS (SCSI_W_LUN_BASE + 1) #define SCSI_W_LUN_ACCESS_CONTROL (SCSI_W_LUN_BASE + 2) #define SCSI_W_LUN_TARGET_LOG_PAGE (SCSI_W_LUN_BASE + 3) static inline int scsi_is_wlun(u64 lun) { return (lun & 0xff00) == SCSI_W_LUN_BASE; } /* * MESSAGE CODES */ #define COMMAND_COMPLETE 0x00 #define EXTENDED_MESSAGE 0x01 #define EXTENDED_MODIFY_DATA_POINTER 0x00 #define EXTENDED_SDTR 0x01 #define EXTENDED_EXTENDED_IDENTIFY 0x02 /* SCSI-I only */ #define EXTENDED_WDTR 0x03 #define EXTENDED_PPR 0x04 #define EXTENDED_MODIFY_BIDI_DATA_PTR 0x05 #define SAVE_POINTERS 0x02 #define RESTORE_POINTERS 0x03 #define DISCONNECT 0x04 #define INITIATOR_ERROR 0x05 #define ABORT_TASK_SET 0x06 #define MESSAGE_REJECT 0x07 #define NOP 0x08 #define MSG_PARITY_ERROR 0x09 #define LINKED_CMD_COMPLETE 0x0a #define LINKED_FLG_CMD_COMPLETE 0x0b #define TARGET_RESET 0x0c #define ABORT_TASK 0x0d #define CLEAR_TASK_SET 0x0e #define INITIATE_RECOVERY 0x0f /* SCSI-II only */ #define RELEASE_RECOVERY 0x10 /* SCSI-II only */ #define CLEAR_ACA 0x16 #define LOGICAL_UNIT_RESET 0x17 #define SIMPLE_QUEUE_TAG 0x20 #define HEAD_OF_QUEUE_TAG 0x21 #define ORDERED_QUEUE_TAG 0x22 #define IGNORE_WIDE_RESIDUE 0x23 #define ACA 0x24 #define QAS_REQUEST 0x55 /* Old SCSI2 names, don't use in new code */ #define BUS_DEVICE_RESET TARGET_RESET #define ABORT ABORT_TASK_SET /* * Host byte codes */ #define DID_OK 0x00 /* NO error */ #define DID_NO_CONNECT 0x01 /* Couldn't connect before timeout period */ #define DID_BUS_BUSY 0x02 /* BUS stayed busy through time out period */ #define DID_TIME_OUT 0x03 /* TIMED OUT for other reason */ #define DID_BAD_TARGET 0x04 /* BAD target. */ #define DID_ABORT 0x05 /* Told to abort for some other reason */ #define DID_PARITY 0x06 /* Parity error */ #define DID_ERROR 0x07 /* Internal error */ #define DID_RESET 0x08 /* Reset by somebody. */ #define DID_BAD_INTR 0x09 /* Got an interrupt we weren't expecting. */ #define DID_PASSTHROUGH 0x0a /* Force command past mid-layer */ #define DID_SOFT_ERROR 0x0b /* The low level driver just wish a retry */ #define DID_IMM_RETRY 0x0c /* Retry without decrementing retry count */ #define DID_REQUEUE 0x0d /* Requeue command (no immediate retry) also * without decrementing the retry count */ #define DID_TRANSPORT_DISRUPTED 0x0e /* Transport error disrupted execution * and the driver blocked the port to * recover the link. Transport class will * retry or fail IO */ #define DID_TRANSPORT_FAILFAST 0x0f /* Transport class fastfailed the io */ #define DID_TARGET_FAILURE 0x10 /* Permanent target failure, do not retry on * other paths */ #define DID_NEXUS_FAILURE 0x11 /* Permanent nexus failure, retry on other * paths might yield different results */ #define DID_ALLOC_FAILURE 0x12 /* Space allocation on the device failed */ #define DID_MEDIUM_ERROR 0x13 /* Medium error */ #define DRIVER_OK 0x00 /* Driver status */ /* * These indicate the error that occurred, and what is available. */ #define DRIVER_BUSY 0x01 #define DRIVER_SOFT 0x02 #define DRIVER_MEDIA 0x03 #define DRIVER_ERROR 0x04 #define DRIVER_INVALID 0x05 #define DRIVER_TIMEOUT 0x06 #define DRIVER_HARD 0x07 #define DRIVER_SENSE 0x08 /* * Internal return values. */ #define NEEDS_RETRY 0x2001 #define SUCCESS 0x2002 #define FAILED 0x2003 #define QUEUED 0x2004 #define SOFT_ERROR 0x2005 #define ADD_TO_MLQUEUE 0x2006 #define TIMEOUT_ERROR 0x2007 #define SCSI_RETURN_NOT_HANDLED 0x2008 #define FAST_IO_FAIL 0x2009 /* * Midlevel queue return values. */ #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY 0x1055 #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_DEVICE_BUSY 0x1056 #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_EH_RETRY 0x1057 #define SCSI_MLQUEUE_TARGET_BUSY 0x1058 /* * Use these to separate status msg and our bytes * * These are set by: * * status byte = set from target device * msg_byte = return status from host adapter itself. * host_byte = set by low-level driver to indicate status. * driver_byte = set by mid-level. */ #define status_byte(result) (((result) >> 1) & 0x7f) #define msg_byte(result) (((result) >> 8) & 0xff) #define host_byte(result) (((result) >> 16) & 0xff) #define driver_byte(result) (((result) >> 24) & 0xff) #define sense_class(sense) (((sense) >> 4) & 0x7) #define sense_error(sense) ((sense) & 0xf) #define sense_valid(sense) ((sense) & 0x80) /* * default timeouts */ #define FORMAT_UNIT_TIMEOUT (2 * 60 * 60 * HZ) #define START_STOP_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) #define MOVE_MEDIUM_TIMEOUT (5 * 60 * HZ) #define READ_ELEMENT_STATUS_TIMEOUT (5 * 60 * HZ) #define READ_DEFECT_DATA_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ ) #define IDENTIFY_BASE 0x80 #define IDENTIFY(can_disconnect, lun) (IDENTIFY_BASE |\ ((can_disconnect) ? 0x40 : 0) |\ ((lun) & 0x07)) /* * struct scsi_device::scsi_level values. For SCSI devices other than those * prior to SCSI-2 (i.e. over 12 years old) this value is (resp[2] + 1) * where "resp" is a byte array of the response to an INQUIRY. The scsi_level * variable is visible to the user via sysfs. */ #define SCSI_UNKNOWN 0 #define SCSI_1 1 #define SCSI_1_CCS 2 #define SCSI_2 3 #define SCSI_3 4 /* SPC */ #define SCSI_SPC_2 5 #define SCSI_SPC_3 6 /* * INQ PERIPHERAL QUALIFIERS */ #define SCSI_INQ_PQ_CON 0x00 #define SCSI_INQ_PQ_NOT_CON 0x01 #define SCSI_INQ_PQ_NOT_CAP 0x03 /* * Here are some scsi specific ioctl commands which are sometimes useful. * * Note that include/linux/cdrom.h also defines IOCTL 0x5300 - 0x5395 */ /* Used to obtain PUN and LUN info. Conflicts with CDROMAUDIOBUFSIZ */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_GET_IDLUN 0x5382 /* 0x5383 and 0x5384 were used for SCSI_IOCTL_TAGGED_{ENABLE,DISABLE} */ /* Used to obtain the host number of a device. */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_PROBE_HOST 0x5385 /* Used to obtain the bus number for a device */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_GET_BUS_NUMBER 0x5386 /* Used to obtain the PCI location of a device */ #define SCSI_IOCTL_GET_PCI 0x5387 #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef LLIST_H #define LLIST_H /* * Lock-less NULL terminated single linked list * * Cases where locking is not needed: * If there are multiple producers and multiple consumers, llist_add can be * used in producers and llist_del_all can be used in consumers simultaneously * without locking. Also a single consumer can use llist_del_first while * multiple producers simultaneously use llist_add, without any locking. * * Cases where locking is needed: * If we have multiple consumers with llist_del_first used in one consumer, and * llist_del_first or llist_del_all used in other consumers, then a lock is * needed. This is because llist_del_first depends on list->first->next not * changing, but without lock protection, there's no way to be sure about that * if a preemption happens in the middle of the delete operation and on being * preempted back, the list->first is the same as before causing the cmpxchg in * llist_del_first to succeed. For example, while a llist_del_first operation * is in progress in one consumer, then a llist_del_first, llist_add, * llist_add (or llist_del_all, llist_add, llist_add) sequence in another * consumer may cause violations. * * This can be summarized as follows: * * | add | del_first | del_all * add | - | - | - * del_first | | L | L * del_all | | | - * * Where, a particular row's operation can happen concurrently with a column's * operation, with "-" being no lock needed, while "L" being lock is needed. * * The list entries deleted via llist_del_all can be traversed with * traversing function such as llist_for_each etc. But the list * entries can not be traversed safely before deleted from the list. * The order of deleted entries is from the newest to the oldest added * one. If you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you * must reverse the order by yourself before traversing. * * The basic atomic operation of this list is cmpxchg on long. On * architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation, the * list can NOT be used in NMI handlers. So code that uses the list in * an NMI handler should depend on CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG. * * Copyright 2010,2011 Intel Corp. * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> */ #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> struct llist_head { struct llist_node *first; }; struct llist_node { struct llist_node *next; }; #define LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) { NULL } #define LLIST_HEAD(name) struct llist_head name = LLIST_HEAD_INIT(name) /** * init_llist_head - initialize lock-less list head * @head: the head for your lock-less list */ static inline void init_llist_head(struct llist_head *list) { list->first = NULL; } /** * llist_entry - get the struct of this entry * @ptr: the &struct llist_node pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. */ #define llist_entry(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(ptr, type, member) /** * member_address_is_nonnull - check whether the member address is not NULL * @ptr: the object pointer (struct type * that contains the llist_node) * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct. * * This macro is conceptually the same as * &ptr->member != NULL * but it works around the fact that compilers can decide that taking a member * address is never a NULL pointer. * * Real objects that start at a high address and have a member at NULL are * unlikely to exist, but such pointers may be returned e.g. by the * container_of() macro. */ #define member_address_is_nonnull(ptr, member) \ ((uintptr_t)(ptr) + offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), member) != 0) /** * llist_for_each - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each(pos, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); pos; (pos) = (pos)->next) /** * llist_for_each_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor * @n: another &struct llist_node to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being deleted from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_safe(pos, n, node) \ for ((pos) = (node); (pos) && ((n) = (pos)->next, true); (pos) = (n)) /** * llist_for_each_entry - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @node: the fist entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry(pos, node, member) \ for ((pos) = llist_entry((node), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member); \ (pos) = llist_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * llist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over some deleted entries of lock-less list of given type * safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @node: the first entry of deleted list entries. * @member: the name of the llist_node with the struct. * * In general, some entries of the lock-less list can be traversed * safely only after being removed from list, so start with an entry * instead of list head. * * If being used on entries deleted from lock-less list directly, the * traverse order is from the newest to the oldest added entry. If * you want to traverse from the oldest to the newest, you must * reverse the order by yourself before traversing. */ #define llist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, node, member) \ for (pos = llist_entry((node), typeof(*pos), member); \ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member) && \ (n = llist_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*n), member), true); \ pos = n) /** * llist_empty - tests whether a lock-less list is empty * @head: the list to test * * Not guaranteed to be accurate or up to date. Just a quick way to * test whether the list is empty without deleting something from the * list. */ static inline bool llist_empty(const struct llist_head *head) { return READ_ONCE(head->first) == NULL; } static inline struct llist_node *llist_next(struct llist_node *node) { return node->next; } extern bool llist_add_batch(struct llist_node *new_first, struct llist_node *new_last, struct llist_head *head); /** * llist_add - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: the head for your lock-less list * * Returns true if the list was empty prior to adding this entry. */ static inline bool llist_add(struct llist_node *new, struct llist_head *head) { return llist_add_batch(new, new, head); } /** * llist_del_all - delete all entries from lock-less list * @head: the head of lock-less list to delete all entries * * If list is empty, return NULL, otherwise, delete all entries and * return the pointer to the first entry. The order of entries * deleted is from the newest to the oldest added one. */ static inline struct llist_node *llist_del_all(struct llist_head *head) { return xchg(&head->first, NULL); } extern struct llist_node *llist_del_first(struct llist_head *head); struct llist_node *llist_reverse_order(struct llist_node *head); #endif /* LLIST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Timer * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #define __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #include <sound/timer.h> #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> struct snd_seq_timer_tick { snd_seq_tick_time_t cur_tick; /* current tick */ unsigned long resolution; /* time per tick in nsec */ unsigned long fraction; /* current time per tick in nsec */ }; struct snd_seq_timer { /* ... tempo / offset / running state */ unsigned int running:1, /* running state of queue */ initialized:1; /* timer is initialized */ unsigned int tempo; /* current tempo, us/tick */ int ppq; /* time resolution, ticks/quarter */ snd_seq_real_time_t cur_time; /* current time */ struct snd_seq_timer_tick tick; /* current tick */ int tick_updated; int type; /* timer type */ struct snd_timer_id alsa_id; /* ALSA's timer ID */ struct snd_timer_instance *timeri; /* timer instance */ unsigned int ticks; unsigned long preferred_resolution; /* timer resolution, ticks/sec */ unsigned int skew; unsigned int skew_base; struct timespec64 last_update; /* time of last clock update, used for interpolation */ spinlock_t lock; }; /* create new timer (constructor) */ struct snd_seq_timer *snd_seq_timer_new(void); /* delete timer (destructor) */ void snd_seq_timer_delete(struct snd_seq_timer **tmr); /* */ static inline void snd_seq_timer_update_tick(struct snd_seq_timer_tick *tick, unsigned long resolution) { if (tick->resolution > 0) { tick->fraction += resolution; tick->cur_tick += (unsigned int)(tick->fraction / tick->resolution); tick->fraction %= tick->resolution; } } /* compare timestamp between events */ /* return 1 if a >= b; otherwise return 0 */ static inline int snd_seq_compare_tick_time(snd_seq_tick_time_t *a, snd_seq_tick_time_t *b) { /* compare ticks */ return (*a >= *b); } static inline int snd_seq_compare_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *a, snd_seq_real_time_t *b) { /* compare real time */ if (a->tv_sec > b->tv_sec) return 1; if ((a->tv_sec == b->tv_sec) && (a->tv_nsec >= b->tv_nsec)) return 1; return 0; } static inline void snd_seq_sanity_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm) { while (tm->tv_nsec >= 1000000000) { /* roll-over */ tm->tv_nsec -= 1000000000; tm->tv_sec++; } } /* increment timestamp */ static inline void snd_seq_inc_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, snd_seq_real_time_t *inc) { tm->tv_sec += inc->tv_sec; tm->tv_nsec += inc->tv_nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } static inline void snd_seq_inc_time_nsec(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, unsigned long nsec) { tm->tv_nsec += nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } /* called by timer isr */ struct snd_seq_queue; int snd_seq_timer_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); void snd_seq_timer_defaults(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); void snd_seq_timer_reset(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_stop(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_start(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_continue(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo_ppq(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo, int ppq); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_tick_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_real_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_skew(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, unsigned int skew, unsigned int base); snd_seq_real_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, bool adjust_ktime); snd_seq_tick_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); extern int seq_default_timer_class; extern int seq_default_timer_sclass; extern int seq_default_timer_card; extern int seq_default_timer_device; extern int seq_default_timer_subdevice; extern int seq_default_timer_resolution; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * User-mode machine state access * * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * Red Hat Author: Roland McGrath. */ #ifndef _LINUX_REGSET_H #define _LINUX_REGSET_H 1 #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct user_regset; struct membuf { void *p; size_t left; }; static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memset(s->p, 0, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memcpy(s->p, v, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } /* current s->p must be aligned for v; v must be a scalar */ #define membuf_store(s, v) \ ({ \ struct membuf *__s = (s); \ if (__s->left) { \ typeof(v) __v = (v); \ size_t __size = sizeof(__v); \ if (unlikely(__size > __s->left)) { \ __size = __s->left; \ memcpy(__s->p, &__v, __size); \ } else { \ *(typeof(__v + 0) *)__s->p = __v; \ } \ __s->p += __size; \ __s->left -= __size; \ } \ __s->left;}) /** * user_regset_active_fn - type of @active function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * * Return -%ENODEV if not available on the hardware found. * Return %0 if no interesting state in this thread. * Return >%0 number of @size units of interesting state. * Any get call fetching state beyond that number will * see the default initialization state for this data, * so a caller that knows what the default state is need * not copy it all out. * This call is optional; the pointer is %NULL if there * is no inexpensive check to yield a value < @n. */ typedef int user_regset_active_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset); typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, struct membuf to); /** * user_regset_set_fn - type of @set function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @pos: offset into the regset data to access, in bytes * @count: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @kbuf: if not %NULL, a kernel-space pointer to copy from * @ubuf: if @kbuf is %NULL, a user-space pointer to copy from * * Store register values. Return %0 on success; -%EIO or -%ENODEV * are usual failure returns. The @pos and @count values are in * bytes, but must be properly aligned. If @kbuf is non-null, that * buffer is used and @ubuf is ignored. If @kbuf is %NULL, then * ubuf gives a userland pointer to access directly, and an -%EFAULT * return value is possible. */ typedef int user_regset_set_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf); /** * user_regset_writeback_fn - type of @writeback function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @immediate: zero if writeback at completion of next context switch is OK * * This call is optional; usually the pointer is %NULL. When * provided, there is some user memory associated with this regset's * hardware, such as memory backing cached register data on register * window machines; the regset's data controls what user memory is * used (e.g. via the stack pointer value). * * Write register data back to user memory. If the @immediate flag * is nonzero, it must be written to the user memory so uaccess or * access_process_vm() can see it when this call returns; if zero, * then it must be written back by the time the task completes a * context switch (as synchronized with wait_task_inactive()). * Return %0 on success or if there was nothing to do, -%EFAULT for * a memory problem (bad stack pointer or whatever), or -%EIO for a * hardware problem. */ typedef int user_regset_writeback_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, int immediate); /** * struct user_regset - accessible thread CPU state * @n: Number of slots (registers). * @size: Size in bytes of a slot (register). * @align: Required alignment, in bytes. * @bias: Bias from natural indexing. * @core_note_type: ELF note @n_type value used in core dumps. * @get: Function to fetch values. * @set: Function to store values. * @active: Function to report if regset is active, or %NULL. * @writeback: Function to write data back to user memory, or %NULL. * * This data structure describes a machine resource we call a register set. * This is part of the state of an individual thread, not necessarily * actual CPU registers per se. A register set consists of a number of * similar slots, given by @n. Each slot is @size bytes, and aligned to * @align bytes (which is at least @size). For dynamically-sized * regsets, @n must contain the maximum possible number of slots for the * regset. * * For backward compatibility, the @get and @set methods must pad to, or * accept, @n * @size bytes, even if the current regset size is smaller. * The precise semantics of these operations depend on the regset being * accessed. * * The functions to which &struct user_regset members point must be * called only on the current thread or on a thread that is in * %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED state, that we are guaranteed will not * be woken up and return to user mode, and that we have called * wait_task_inactive() on. (The target thread always might wake up for * SIGKILL while these functions are working, in which case that * thread's user_regset state might be scrambled.) * * The @pos argument must be aligned according to @align; the @count * argument must be a multiple of @size. These functions are not * responsible for checking for invalid arguments. * * When there is a natural value to use as an index, @bias gives the * difference between the natural index and the slot index for the * register set. For example, x86 GDT segment descriptors form a regset; * the segment selector produces a natural index, but only a subset of * that index space is available as a regset (the TLS slots); subtracting * @bias from a segment selector index value computes the regset slot. * * If nonzero, @core_note_type gives the n_type field (NT_* value) * of the core file note in which this regset's data appears. * NT_PRSTATUS is a special case in that the regset data starts at * offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) into the note data; that is * part of the per-machine ELF formats userland knows about. In * other cases, the core file note contains exactly the whole regset * (@n * @size) and nothing else. The core file note is normally * omitted when there is an @active function and it returns zero. */ struct user_regset { user_regset_get2_fn *regset_get; user_regset_set_fn *set; user_regset_active_fn *active; user_regset_writeback_fn *writeback; unsigned int n; unsigned int size; unsigned int align; unsigned int bias; unsigned int core_note_type; }; /** * struct user_regset_view - available regsets * @name: Identifier, e.g. UTS_MACHINE string. * @regsets: Array of @n regsets available in this view. * @n: Number of elements in @regsets. * @e_machine: ELF header @e_machine %EM_* value written in core dumps. * @e_flags: ELF header @e_flags value written in core dumps. * @ei_osabi: ELF header @e_ident[%EI_OSABI] value written in core dumps. * * A regset view is a collection of regsets (&struct user_regset, * above). This describes all the state of a thread that can be seen * from a given architecture/ABI environment. More than one view might * refer to the same &struct user_regset, or more than one regset * might refer to the same machine-specific state in the thread. For * example, a 32-bit thread's state could be examined from the 32-bit * view or from the 64-bit view. Either method reaches the same thread * register state, doing appropriate widening or truncation. */ struct user_regset_view { const char *name; const struct user_regset *regsets; unsigned int n; u32 e_flags; u16 e_machine; u8 ei_osabi; }; /* * This is documented here rather than at the definition sites because its * implementation is machine-dependent but its interface is universal. */ /** * task_user_regset_view - Return the process's native regset view. * @tsk: a thread of the process in question * * Return the &struct user_regset_view that is native for the given process. * For example, what it would access when it called ptrace(). * Throughout the life of the process, this only changes at exec. */ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline int user_regset_copyin(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, void *data, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); data += *pos - start_pos; if (*kbuf) { memcpy(data, *kbuf, copy); *kbuf += copy; } else if (__copy_from_user(data, *ubuf, copy)) return -EFAULT; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } static inline int user_regset_copyin_ignore(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); if (*kbuf) *kbuf += copy; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } extern int regset_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void *data); extern int regset_get_alloc(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void **data); extern int copy_regset_to_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, void __user *data); /** * copy_regset_from_user - store into thread's user_regset data from user memory * @target: thread to be examined * @view: &struct user_regset_view describing user thread machine state * @setno: index in @view->regsets * @offset: offset into the regset data, in bytes * @size: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @data: user-mode pointer to copy from */ static inline int copy_regset_from_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, const void __user *data) { const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[setno]; if (!regset->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!access_ok(data, size)) return -EFAULT; return regset->set(target, regset, offset, size, NULL, data); } #endif /* <linux/regset.h> */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BLKDEV_H #define _LINUX_BLKDEV_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/genhd.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/mempool.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bsg.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/blkzoned.h> #include <linux/pm.h> struct module; struct scsi_ioctl_command; struct request_queue; struct elevator_queue; struct blk_trace; struct request; struct sg_io_hdr; struct bsg_job; struct blkcg_gq; struct blk_flush_queue; struct pr_ops; struct rq_qos; struct blk_queue_stats; struct blk_stat_callback; struct blk_keyslot_manager; #define BLKDEV_MIN_RQ 4 #define BLKDEV_MAX_RQ 128 /* Default maximum */ /* Must be consistent with blk_mq_poll_stats_bkt() */ #define BLK_MQ_POLL_STATS_BKTS 16 /* Doing classic polling */ #define BLK_MQ_POLL_CLASSIC -1 /* * Maximum number of blkcg policies allowed to be registered concurrently. * Defined here to simplify include dependency. */ #define BLKCG_MAX_POLS 5 typedef void (rq_end_io_fn)(struct request *, blk_status_t); /* * request flags */ typedef __u32 __bitwise req_flags_t; /* elevator knows about this request */ #define RQF_SORTED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 0)) /* drive already may have started this one */ #define RQF_STARTED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 1)) /* may not be passed by ioscheduler */ #define RQF_SOFTBARRIER ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 3)) /* request for flush sequence */ #define RQF_FLUSH_SEQ ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 4)) /* merge of different types, fail separately */ #define RQF_MIXED_MERGE ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 5)) /* track inflight for MQ */ #define RQF_MQ_INFLIGHT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 6)) /* don't call prep for this one */ #define RQF_DONTPREP ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 7)) /* vaguely specified driver internal error. Ignored by the block layer */ #define RQF_FAILED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 10)) /* don't warn about errors */ #define RQF_QUIET ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 11)) /* elevator private data attached */ #define RQF_ELVPRIV ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 12)) /* account into disk and partition IO statistics */ #define RQF_IO_STAT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 13)) /* request came from our alloc pool */ #define RQF_ALLOCED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 14)) /* runtime pm request */ #define RQF_PM ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 15)) /* on IO scheduler merge hash */ #define RQF_HASHED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 16)) /* track IO completion time */ #define RQF_STATS ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 17)) /* Look at ->special_vec for the actual data payload instead of the bio chain. */ #define RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 18)) /* The per-zone write lock is held for this request */ #define RQF_ZONE_WRITE_LOCKED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 19)) /* already slept for hybrid poll */ #define RQF_MQ_POLL_SLEPT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 20)) /* ->timeout has been called, don't expire again */ #define RQF_TIMED_OUT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 21)) /* flags that prevent us from merging requests: */ #define RQF_NOMERGE_FLAGS \ (RQF_STARTED | RQF_SOFTBARRIER | RQF_FLUSH_SEQ | RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) /* * Request state for blk-mq. */ enum mq_rq_state { MQ_RQ_IDLE = 0, MQ_RQ_IN_FLIGHT = 1, MQ_RQ_COMPLETE = 2, }; /* * Try to put the fields that are referenced together in the same cacheline. * * If you modify this structure, make sure to update blk_rq_init() and * especially blk_mq_rq_ctx_init() to take care of the added fields. */ struct request { struct request_queue *q; struct blk_mq_ctx *mq_ctx; struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *mq_hctx; unsigned int cmd_flags; /* op and common flags */ req_flags_t rq_flags; int tag; int internal_tag; /* the following two fields are internal, NEVER access directly */ unsigned int __data_len; /* total data len */ sector_t __sector; /* sector cursor */ struct bio *bio; struct bio *biotail; struct list_head queuelist; /* * The hash is used inside the scheduler, and killed once the * request reaches the dispatch list. The ipi_list is only used * to queue the request for softirq completion, which is long * after the request has been unhashed (and even removed from * the dispatch list). */ union { struct hlist_node hash; /* merge hash */ struct list_head ipi_list; }; /* * The rb_node is only used inside the io scheduler, requests * are pruned when moved to the dispatch queue. So let the * completion_data share space with the rb_node. */ union { struct rb_node rb_node; /* sort/lookup */ struct bio_vec special_vec; void *completion_data; int error_count; /* for legacy drivers, don't use */ }; /* * Three pointers are available for the IO schedulers, if they need * more they have to dynamically allocate it. Flush requests are * never put on the IO scheduler. So let the flush fields share * space with the elevator data. */ union { struct { struct io_cq *icq; void *priv[2]; } elv; struct { unsigned int seq; struct list_head list; rq_end_io_fn *saved_end_io; } flush; }; struct gendisk *rq_disk; struct hd_struct *part; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_RQ_ALLOC_TIME /* Time that the first bio started allocating this request. */ u64 alloc_time_ns; #endif /* Time that this request was allocated for this IO. */ u64 start_time_ns; /* Time that I/O was submitted to the device. */ u64 io_start_time_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_WBT unsigned short wbt_flags; #endif /* * rq sectors used for blk stats. It has the same value * with blk_rq_sectors(rq), except that it never be zeroed * by completion. */ unsigned short stats_sectors; /* * Number of scatter-gather DMA addr+len pairs after * physical address coalescing is performed. */ unsigned short nr_phys_segments; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) unsigned short nr_integrity_segments; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION struct bio_crypt_ctx *crypt_ctx; struct blk_ksm_keyslot *crypt_keyslot; #endif unsigned short write_hint; unsigned short ioprio; enum mq_rq_state state; refcount_t ref; unsigned int timeout; unsigned long deadline; union { struct __call_single_data csd; u64 fifo_time; }; /* * completion callback. */ rq_end_io_fn *end_io; void *end_io_data; }; static inline bool blk_op_is_scsi(unsigned int op) { return op == REQ_OP_SCSI_IN || op == REQ_OP_SCSI_OUT; } static inline bool blk_op_is_private(unsigned int op) { return op == REQ_OP_DRV_IN || op == REQ_OP_DRV_OUT; } static inline bool blk_rq_is_scsi(struct request *rq) { return blk_op_is_scsi(req_op(rq)); } static inline bool blk_rq_is_private(struct request *rq) { return blk_op_is_private(req_op(rq)); } static inline bool blk_rq_is_passthrough(struct request *rq) { return blk_rq_is_scsi(rq) || blk_rq_is_private(rq); } static inline bool bio_is_passthrough(struct bio *bio) { unsigned op = bio_op(bio); return blk_op_is_scsi(op) || blk_op_is_private(op); } static inline unsigned short req_get_ioprio(struct request *req) { return req->ioprio; } #include <linux/elevator.h> struct blk_queue_ctx; struct bio_vec; enum blk_eh_timer_return { BLK_EH_DONE, /* drivers has completed the command */ BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER, /* reset timer and try again */ }; enum blk_queue_state { Queue_down, Queue_up, }; #define BLK_TAG_ALLOC_FIFO 0 /* allocate starting from 0 */ #define BLK_TAG_ALLOC_RR 1 /* allocate starting from last allocated tag */ #define BLK_SCSI_MAX_CMDS (256) #define BLK_SCSI_CMD_PER_LONG (BLK_SCSI_MAX_CMDS / (sizeof(long) * 8)) /* * Zoned block device models (zoned limit). * * Note: This needs to be ordered from the least to the most severe * restrictions for the inheritance in blk_stack_limits() to work. */ enum blk_zoned_model { BLK_ZONED_NONE = 0, /* Regular block device */ BLK_ZONED_HA, /* Host-aware zoned block device */ BLK_ZONED_HM, /* Host-managed zoned block device */ }; struct queue_limits { unsigned long bounce_pfn; unsigned long seg_boundary_mask; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; unsigned int max_hw_sectors; unsigned int max_dev_sectors; unsigned int chunk_sectors; unsigned int max_sectors; unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned int physical_block_size; unsigned int logical_block_size; unsigned int alignment_offset; unsigned int io_min; unsigned int io_opt; unsigned int max_discard_sectors; unsigned int max_hw_discard_sectors; unsigned int max_write_same_sectors; unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors; unsigned int max_zone_append_sectors; unsigned int discard_granularity; unsigned int discard_alignment; unsigned short max_segments; unsigned short max_integrity_segments; unsigned short max_discard_segments; unsigned char misaligned; unsigned char discard_misaligned; unsigned char raid_partial_stripes_expensive; enum blk_zoned_model zoned; }; typedef int (*report_zones_cb)(struct blk_zone *zone, unsigned int idx, void *data); void blk_queue_set_zoned(struct gendisk *disk, enum blk_zoned_model model); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED #define BLK_ALL_ZONES ((unsigned int)-1) int blkdev_report_zones(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, unsigned int nr_zones, report_zones_cb cb, void *data); unsigned int blkdev_nr_zones(struct gendisk *disk); extern int blkdev_zone_mgmt(struct block_device *bdev, enum req_opf op, sector_t sectors, sector_t nr_sectors, gfp_t gfp_mask); int blk_revalidate_disk_zones(struct gendisk *disk, void (*update_driver_data)(struct gendisk *disk)); extern int blkdev_report_zones_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern int blkdev_zone_mgmt_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline unsigned int blkdev_nr_zones(struct gendisk *disk) { return 0; } static inline int blkdev_report_zones_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int blkdev_zone_mgmt_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ struct request_queue { struct request *last_merge; struct elevator_queue *elevator; struct percpu_ref q_usage_counter; struct blk_queue_stats *stats; struct rq_qos *rq_qos; const struct blk_mq_ops *mq_ops; /* sw queues */ struct blk_mq_ctx __percpu *queue_ctx; unsigned int queue_depth; /* hw dispatch queues */ struct blk_mq_hw_ctx **queue_hw_ctx; unsigned int nr_hw_queues; struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; /* * The queue owner gets to use this for whatever they like. * ll_rw_blk doesn't touch it. */ void *queuedata; /* * various queue flags, see QUEUE_* below */ unsigned long queue_flags; /* * Number of contexts that have called blk_set_pm_only(). If this * counter is above zero then only RQF_PM requests are processed. */ atomic_t pm_only; /* * ida allocated id for this queue. Used to index queues from * ioctx. */ int id; /* * queue needs bounce pages for pages above this limit */ gfp_t bounce_gfp; spinlock_t queue_lock; /* * queue kobject */ struct kobject kobj; /* * mq queue kobject */ struct kobject *mq_kobj; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY struct blk_integrity integrity; #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM struct device *dev; enum rpm_status rpm_status; unsigned int nr_pending; #endif /* * queue settings */ unsigned long nr_requests; /* Max # of requests */ unsigned int dma_pad_mask; unsigned int dma_alignment; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION /* Inline crypto capabilities */ struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm; #endif unsigned int rq_timeout; int poll_nsec; struct blk_stat_callback *poll_cb; struct blk_rq_stat poll_stat[BLK_MQ_POLL_STATS_BKTS]; struct timer_list timeout; struct work_struct timeout_work; atomic_t nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap; struct list_head icq_list; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP DECLARE_BITMAP (blkcg_pols, BLKCG_MAX_POLS); struct blkcg_gq *root_blkg; struct list_head blkg_list; #endif struct queue_limits limits; unsigned int required_elevator_features; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED /* * Zoned block device information for request dispatch control. * nr_zones is the total number of zones of the device. This is always * 0 for regular block devices. conv_zones_bitmap is a bitmap of nr_zones * bits which indicates if a zone is conventional (bit set) or * sequential (bit clear). seq_zones_wlock is a bitmap of nr_zones * bits which indicates if a zone is write locked, that is, if a write * request targeting the zone was dispatched. All three fields are * initialized by the low level device driver (e.g. scsi/sd.c). * Stacking drivers (device mappers) may or may not initialize * these fields. * * Reads of this information must be protected with blk_queue_enter() / * blk_queue_exit(). Modifying this information is only allowed while * no requests are being processed. See also blk_mq_freeze_queue() and * blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(). */ unsigned int nr_zones; unsigned long *conv_zones_bitmap; unsigned long *seq_zones_wlock; unsigned int max_open_zones; unsigned int max_active_zones; #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ /* * sg stuff */ unsigned int sg_timeout; unsigned int sg_reserved_size; int node; struct mutex debugfs_mutex; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE struct blk_trace __rcu *blk_trace; #endif /* * for flush operations */ struct blk_flush_queue *fq; struct list_head requeue_list; spinlock_t requeue_lock; struct delayed_work requeue_work; struct mutex sysfs_lock; struct mutex sysfs_dir_lock; /* * for reusing dead hctx instance in case of updating * nr_hw_queues */ struct list_head unused_hctx_list; spinlock_t unused_hctx_lock; int mq_freeze_depth; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_BSG) struct bsg_class_device bsg_dev; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING /* Throttle data */ struct throtl_data *td; #endif struct rcu_head rcu_head; wait_queue_head_t mq_freeze_wq; /* * Protect concurrent access to q_usage_counter by * percpu_ref_kill() and percpu_ref_reinit(). */ struct mutex mq_freeze_lock; struct blk_mq_tag_set *tag_set; struct list_head tag_set_list; struct bio_set bio_split; struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS struct dentry *sched_debugfs_dir; struct dentry *rqos_debugfs_dir; #endif bool mq_sysfs_init_done; size_t cmd_size; #define BLK_MAX_WRITE_HINTS 5 u64 write_hints[BLK_MAX_WRITE_HINTS]; }; /* Keep blk_queue_flag_name[] in sync with the definitions below */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_STOPPED 0 /* queue is stopped */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DYING 1 /* queue being torn down */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES 3 /* disable merge attempts */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_COMP 4 /* complete on same CPU-group */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_FAIL_IO 5 /* fake timeout */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT 6 /* non-rotational device (SSD) */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_VIRT QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT /* paravirt device */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT 7 /* do disk/partitions IO accounting */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD 8 /* supports DISCARD */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NOXMERGES 9 /* No extended merges */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_ADD_RANDOM 10 /* Contributes to random pool */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SECERASE 11 /* supports secure erase */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_FORCE 12 /* force complete on same CPU */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD 13 /* queue tear-down finished */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_INIT_DONE 14 /* queue is initialized */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_STABLE_WRITES 15 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_POLL 16 /* IO polling enabled if set */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_WC 17 /* Write back caching */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_FUA 18 /* device supports FUA writes */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DAX 19 /* device supports DAX */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_STATS 20 /* track IO start and completion times */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_POLL_STATS 21 /* collecting stats for hybrid polling */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_REGISTERED 22 /* queue has been registered to a disk */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SCSI_PASSTHROUGH 23 /* queue supports SCSI commands */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_QUIESCED 24 /* queue has been quiesced */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_PCI_P2PDMA 25 /* device supports PCI p2p requests */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_ZONE_RESETALL 26 /* supports Zone Reset All */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_RQ_ALLOC_TIME 27 /* record rq->alloc_time_ns */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_HCTX_ACTIVE 28 /* at least one blk-mq hctx is active */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT 29 /* device supports NOWAIT */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_MQ_DEFAULT ((1 << QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT) | \ (1 << QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_COMP) | \ (1 << QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT)) void blk_queue_flag_set(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q); void blk_queue_flag_clear(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q); bool blk_queue_flag_test_and_set(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q); #define blk_queue_stopped(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_STOPPED, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_dying(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DYING, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_dead(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_init_done(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_INIT_DONE, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_nomerges(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_noxmerges(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NOXMERGES, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_nonrot(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_stable_writes(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_STABLE_WRITES, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_io_stat(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_add_random(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_ADD_RANDOM, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_discard(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_zone_resetall(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_ZONE_RESETALL, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_secure_erase(q) \ (test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_SECERASE, &(q)->queue_flags)) #define blk_queue_dax(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DAX, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_scsi_passthrough(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_SCSI_PASSTHROUGH, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_pci_p2pdma(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PCI_P2PDMA, &(q)->queue_flags) #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_RQ_ALLOC_TIME #define blk_queue_rq_alloc_time(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_RQ_ALLOC_TIME, &(q)->queue_flags) #else #define blk_queue_rq_alloc_time(q) false #endif #define blk_noretry_request(rq) \ ((rq)->cmd_flags & (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV|REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT| \ REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER)) #define blk_queue_quiesced(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_QUIESCED, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_pm_only(q) atomic_read(&(q)->pm_only) #define blk_queue_fua(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_FUA, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_registered(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REGISTERED, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_nowait(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT, &(q)->queue_flags) extern void blk_set_pm_only(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_clear_pm_only(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool blk_account_rq(struct request *rq) { return (rq->rq_flags & RQF_STARTED) && !blk_rq_is_passthrough(rq); } #define list_entry_rq(ptr) list_entry((ptr), struct request, queuelist) #define rq_data_dir(rq) (op_is_write(req_op(rq)) ? WRITE : READ) #define rq_dma_dir(rq) \ (op_is_write(req_op(rq)) ? DMA_TO_DEVICE : DMA_FROM_DEVICE) #define dma_map_bvec(dev, bv, dir, attrs) \ dma_map_page_attrs(dev, (bv)->bv_page, (bv)->bv_offset, (bv)->bv_len, \ (dir), (attrs)) static inline bool queue_is_mq(struct request_queue *q) { return q->mq_ops; } #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline enum rpm_status queue_rpm_status(struct request_queue *q) { return q->rpm_status; } #else static inline enum rpm_status queue_rpm_status(struct request_queue *q) { return RPM_ACTIVE; } #endif static inline enum blk_zoned_model blk_queue_zoned_model(struct request_queue *q) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED)) return q->limits.zoned; return BLK_ZONED_NONE; } static inline bool blk_queue_is_zoned(struct request_queue *q) { switch (blk_queue_zoned_model(q)) { case BLK_ZONED_HA: case BLK_ZONED_HM: return true; default: return false; } } static inline sector_t blk_queue_zone_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return blk_queue_is_zoned(q) ? q->limits.chunk_sectors : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED static inline unsigned int blk_queue_nr_zones(struct request_queue *q) { return blk_queue_is_zoned(q) ? q->nr_zones : 0; } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_zone_no(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q)) return 0; return sector >> ilog2(q->limits.chunk_sectors); } static inline bool blk_queue_zone_is_seq(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q)) return false; if (!q->conv_zones_bitmap) return true; return !test_bit(blk_queue_zone_no(q, sector), q->conv_zones_bitmap); } static inline void blk_queue_max_open_zones(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_open_zones) { q->max_open_zones = max_open_zones; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_open_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->max_open_zones; } static inline void blk_queue_max_active_zones(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_active_zones) { q->max_active_zones = max_active_zones; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_active_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->max_active_zones; } #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline unsigned int blk_queue_nr_zones(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline bool blk_queue_zone_is_seq(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { return false; } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_zone_no(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_open_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_active_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline bool rq_is_sync(struct request *rq) { return op_is_sync(rq->cmd_flags); } static inline bool rq_mergeable(struct request *rq) { if (blk_rq_is_passthrough(rq)) return false; if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_FLUSH) return false; if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES) return false; if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND) return false; if (rq->cmd_flags & REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; return true; } static inline bool blk_write_same_mergeable(struct bio *a, struct bio *b) { if (bio_page(a) == bio_page(b) && bio_offset(a) == bio_offset(b)) return true; return false; } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_depth(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->queue_depth) return q->queue_depth; return q->nr_requests; } extern unsigned long blk_max_low_pfn, blk_max_pfn; /* * standard bounce addresses: * * BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH : bounce all highmem pages * BLK_BOUNCE_ANY : don't bounce anything * BLK_BOUNCE_ISA : bounce pages above ISA DMA boundary */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH ((u64)blk_max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) #else #define BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH -1ULL #endif #define BLK_BOUNCE_ANY (-1ULL) #define BLK_BOUNCE_ISA (DMA_BIT_MASK(24)) /* * default timeout for SG_IO if none specified */ #define BLK_DEFAULT_SG_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) #define BLK_MIN_SG_TIMEOUT (7 * HZ) struct rq_map_data { struct page **pages; int page_order; int nr_entries; unsigned long offset; int null_mapped; int from_user; }; struct req_iterator { struct bvec_iter iter; struct bio *bio; }; /* This should not be used directly - use rq_for_each_segment */ #define for_each_bio(_bio) \ for (; _bio; _bio = _bio->bi_next) #define __rq_for_each_bio(_bio, rq) \ if ((rq->bio)) \ for (_bio = (rq)->bio; _bio; _bio = _bio->bi_next) #define rq_for_each_segment(bvl, _rq, _iter) \ __rq_for_each_bio(_iter.bio, _rq) \ bio_for_each_segment(bvl, _iter.bio, _iter.iter) #define rq_for_each_bvec(bvl, _rq, _iter) \ __rq_for_each_bio(_iter.bio, _rq) \ bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, _iter.bio, _iter.iter) #define rq_iter_last(bvec, _iter) \ (_iter.bio->bi_next == NULL && \ bio_iter_last(bvec, _iter.iter)) #ifndef ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE # error "You should define ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE for your platform" #endif #if ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE extern void rq_flush_dcache_pages(struct request *rq); #else static inline void rq_flush_dcache_pages(struct request *rq) { } #endif extern int blk_register_queue(struct gendisk *disk); extern void blk_unregister_queue(struct gendisk *disk); blk_qc_t submit_bio_noacct(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_rq_init(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq); extern void blk_put_request(struct request *); extern struct request *blk_get_request(struct request_queue *, unsigned int op, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags); extern int blk_lld_busy(struct request_queue *q); extern int blk_rq_prep_clone(struct request *rq, struct request *rq_src, struct bio_set *bs, gfp_t gfp_mask, int (*bio_ctr)(struct bio *, struct bio *, void *), void *data); extern void blk_rq_unprep_clone(struct request *rq); extern blk_status_t blk_insert_cloned_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq); extern int blk_rq_append_bio(struct request *rq, struct bio **bio); extern void blk_queue_split(struct bio **); extern int scsi_verify_blk_ioctl(struct block_device *, unsigned int); extern int scsi_cmd_blk_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned int, void __user *); extern int scsi_cmd_ioctl(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, fmode_t, unsigned int, void __user *); extern int sg_scsi_ioctl(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, fmode_t, struct scsi_ioctl_command __user *); extern int get_sg_io_hdr(struct sg_io_hdr *hdr, const void __user *argp); extern int put_sg_io_hdr(const struct sg_io_hdr *hdr, void __user *argp); extern int blk_queue_enter(struct request_queue *q, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags); extern void blk_queue_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_sync_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern int blk_rq_map_user(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct rq_map_data *, void __user *, unsigned long, gfp_t); extern int blk_rq_unmap_user(struct bio *); extern int blk_rq_map_kern(struct request_queue *, struct request *, void *, unsigned int, gfp_t); extern int blk_rq_map_user_iov(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct rq_map_data *, const struct iov_iter *, gfp_t); extern void blk_execute_rq(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, struct request *, int); extern void blk_execute_rq_nowait(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, struct request *, int, rq_end_io_fn *); /* Helper to convert REQ_OP_XXX to its string format XXX */ extern const char *blk_op_str(unsigned int op); int blk_status_to_errno(blk_status_t status); blk_status_t errno_to_blk_status(int errno); int blk_poll(struct request_queue *q, blk_qc_t cookie, bool spin); static inline struct request_queue *bdev_get_queue(struct block_device *bdev) { return bdev->bd_disk->queue; /* this is never NULL */ } /* * The basic unit of block I/O is a sector. It is used in a number of contexts * in Linux (blk, bio, genhd). The size of one sector is 512 = 2**9 * bytes. Variables of type sector_t represent an offset or size that is a * multiple of 512 bytes. Hence these two constants. */ #ifndef SECTOR_SHIFT #define SECTOR_SHIFT 9 #endif #ifndef SECTOR_SIZE #define SECTOR_SIZE (1 << SECTOR_SHIFT) #endif /* * blk_rq_pos() : the current sector * blk_rq_bytes() : bytes left in the entire request * blk_rq_cur_bytes() : bytes left in the current segment * blk_rq_err_bytes() : bytes left till the next error boundary * blk_rq_sectors() : sectors left in the entire request * blk_rq_cur_sectors() : sectors left in the current segment * blk_rq_stats_sectors() : sectors of the entire request used for stats */ static inline sector_t blk_rq_pos(const struct request *rq) { return rq->__sector; } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_bytes(const struct request *rq) { return rq->__data_len; } static inline int blk_rq_cur_bytes(const struct request *rq) { return rq->bio ? bio_cur_bytes(rq->bio) : 0; } extern unsigned int blk_rq_err_bytes(const struct request *rq); static inline unsigned int blk_rq_sectors(const struct request *rq) { return blk_rq_bytes(rq) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_cur_sectors(const struct request *rq) { return blk_rq_cur_bytes(rq) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_stats_sectors(const struct request *rq) { return rq->stats_sectors; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED /* Helper to convert BLK_ZONE_ZONE_XXX to its string format XXX */ const char *blk_zone_cond_str(enum blk_zone_cond zone_cond); static inline unsigned int blk_rq_zone_no(struct request *rq) { return blk_queue_zone_no(rq->q, blk_rq_pos(rq)); } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_zone_is_seq(struct request *rq) { return blk_queue_zone_is_seq(rq->q, blk_rq_pos(rq)); } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ /* * Some commands like WRITE SAME have a payload or data transfer size which * is different from the size of the request. Any driver that supports such * commands using the RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD flag needs to use this helper to * calculate the data transfer size. */ static inline unsigned int blk_rq_payload_bytes(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) return rq->special_vec.bv_len; return blk_rq_bytes(rq); } /* * Return the first full biovec in the request. The caller needs to check that * there are any bvecs before calling this helper. */ static inline struct bio_vec req_bvec(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) return rq->special_vec; return mp_bvec_iter_bvec(rq->bio->bi_io_vec, rq->bio->bi_iter); } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_get_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q, int op) { if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_DISCARD || op == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE)) return min(q->limits.max_discard_sectors, UINT_MAX >> SECTOR_SHIFT); if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME)) return q->limits.max_write_same_sectors; if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES)) return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors; return q->limits.max_sectors; } /* * Return maximum size of a request at given offset. Only valid for * file system requests. */ static inline unsigned int blk_max_size_offset(struct request_queue *q, sector_t offset, unsigned int chunk_sectors) { if (!chunk_sectors) { if (q->limits.chunk_sectors) chunk_sectors = q->limits.chunk_sectors; else return q->limits.max_sectors; } if (likely(is_power_of_2(chunk_sectors))) chunk_sectors -= offset & (chunk_sectors - 1); else chunk_sectors -= sector_div(offset, chunk_sectors); return min(q->limits.max_sectors, chunk_sectors); } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_get_max_sectors(struct request *rq, sector_t offset) { struct request_queue *q = rq->q; if (blk_rq_is_passthrough(rq)) return q->limits.max_hw_sectors; if (!q->limits.chunk_sectors || req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_DISCARD || req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE) return blk_queue_get_max_sectors(q, req_op(rq)); return min(blk_max_size_offset(q, offset, 0), blk_queue_get_max_sectors(q, req_op(rq))); } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_count_bios(struct request *rq) { unsigned int nr_bios = 0; struct bio *bio; __rq_for_each_bio(bio, rq) nr_bios++; return nr_bios; } void blk_steal_bios(struct bio_list *list, struct request *rq); /* * Request completion related functions. * * blk_update_request() completes given number of bytes and updates * the request without completing it. */ extern bool blk_update_request(struct request *rq, blk_status_t error, unsigned int nr_bytes); extern void blk_abort_request(struct request *); /* * Access functions for manipulating queue properties */ extern void blk_cleanup_queue(struct request_queue *); extern void blk_queue_bounce_limit(struct request_queue *, u64); extern void blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_chunk_sectors(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_max_segments(struct request_queue *, unsigned short); extern void blk_queue_max_discard_segments(struct request_queue *, unsigned short); extern void blk_queue_max_segment_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_max_discard_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_discard_sectors); extern void blk_queue_max_write_same_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_write_same_sectors); extern void blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_write_same_sectors); extern void blk_queue_logical_block_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_max_zone_append_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_zone_append_sectors); extern void blk_queue_physical_block_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_alignment_offset(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int alignment); void blk_queue_update_readahead(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_limits_io_min(struct queue_limits *limits, unsigned int min); extern void blk_queue_io_min(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int min); extern void blk_limits_io_opt(struct queue_limits *limits, unsigned int opt); extern void blk_queue_io_opt(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int opt); extern void blk_set_queue_depth(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth); extern void blk_set_default_limits(struct queue_limits *lim); extern void blk_set_stacking_limits(struct queue_limits *lim); extern int blk_stack_limits(struct queue_limits *t, struct queue_limits *b, sector_t offset); extern void disk_stack_limits(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev, sector_t offset); extern void blk_queue_update_dma_pad(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_segment_boundary(struct request_queue *, unsigned long); extern void blk_queue_virt_boundary(struct request_queue *, unsigned long); extern void blk_queue_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int); extern void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int); extern void blk_queue_rq_timeout(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_write_cache(struct request_queue *q, bool enabled, bool fua); extern void blk_queue_required_elevator_features(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int features); extern bool blk_queue_can_use_dma_map_merging(struct request_queue *q, struct device *dev); /* * Number of physical segments as sent to the device. * * Normally this is the number of discontiguous data segments sent by the * submitter. But for data-less command like discard we might have no * actual data segments submitted, but the driver might have to add it's * own special payload. In that case we still return 1 here so that this * special payload will be mapped. */ static inline unsigned short blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) return 1; return rq->nr_phys_segments; } /* * Number of discard segments (or ranges) the driver needs to fill in. * Each discard bio merged into a request is counted as one segment. */ static inline unsigned short blk_rq_nr_discard_segments(struct request *rq) { return max_t(unsigned short, rq->nr_phys_segments, 1); } int __blk_rq_map_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct scatterlist *sglist, struct scatterlist **last_sg); static inline int blk_rq_map_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct scatterlist *sglist) { struct scatterlist *last_sg = NULL; return __blk_rq_map_sg(q, rq, sglist, &last_sg); } extern void blk_dump_rq_flags(struct request *, char *); bool __must_check blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *); struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue(int node_id); extern void blk_put_queue(struct request_queue *); extern void blk_set_queue_dying(struct request_queue *); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK /* * blk_plug permits building a queue of related requests by holding the I/O * fragments for a short period. This allows merging of sequential requests * into single larger request. As the requests are moved from a per-task list to * the device's request_queue in a batch, this results in improved scalability * as the lock contention for request_queue lock is reduced. * * It is ok not to disable preemption when adding the request to the plug list * or when attempting a merge, because blk_schedule_flush_list() will only flush * the plug list when the task sleeps by itself. For details, please see * schedule() where blk_schedule_flush_plug() is called. */ struct blk_plug { struct list_head mq_list; /* blk-mq requests */ struct list_head cb_list; /* md requires an unplug callback */ unsigned short rq_count; bool multiple_queues; bool nowait; }; #define BLK_MAX_REQUEST_COUNT 16 #define BLK_PLUG_FLUSH_SIZE (128 * 1024) struct blk_plug_cb; typedef void (*blk_plug_cb_fn)(struct blk_plug_cb *, bool); struct blk_plug_cb { struct list_head list; blk_plug_cb_fn callback; void *data; }; extern struct blk_plug_cb *blk_check_plugged(blk_plug_cb_fn unplug, void *data, int size); extern void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *); extern void blk_finish_plug(struct blk_plug *); extern void blk_flush_plug_list(struct blk_plug *, bool); static inline void blk_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct blk_plug *plug = tsk->plug; if (plug) blk_flush_plug_list(plug, false); } static inline void blk_schedule_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct blk_plug *plug = tsk->plug; if (plug) blk_flush_plug_list(plug, true); } static inline bool blk_needs_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct blk_plug *plug = tsk->plug; return plug && (!list_empty(&plug->mq_list) || !list_empty(&plug->cb_list)); } int blkdev_issue_flush(struct block_device *, gfp_t); long nr_blockdev_pages(void); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ struct blk_plug { }; static inline void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *plug) { } static inline void blk_finish_plug(struct blk_plug *plug) { } static inline void blk_flush_plug(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void blk_schedule_flush_plug(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline bool blk_needs_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { return false; } static inline int blkdev_issue_flush(struct block_device *bdev, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline long nr_blockdev_pages(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ extern void blk_io_schedule(void); extern int blkdev_issue_write_same(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct page *page); #define BLKDEV_DISCARD_SECURE (1 << 0) /* issue a secure erase */ extern int blkdev_issue_discard(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long flags); extern int __blkdev_issue_discard(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, int flags, struct bio **biop); #define BLKDEV_ZERO_NOUNMAP (1 << 0) /* do not free blocks */ #define BLKDEV_ZERO_NOFALLBACK (1 << 1) /* don't write explicit zeroes */ extern int __blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct bio **biop, unsigned flags); extern int blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned flags); static inline int sb_issue_discard(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, sector_t nr_blocks, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long flags) { return blkdev_issue_discard(sb->s_bdev, block << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), nr_blocks << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), gfp_mask, flags); } static inline int sb_issue_zeroout(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, sector_t nr_blocks, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return blkdev_issue_zeroout(sb->s_bdev, block << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), nr_blocks << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), gfp_mask, 0); } extern int blk_verify_command(unsigned char *cmd, fmode_t mode); static inline bool bdev_is_partition(struct block_device *bdev) { return bdev->bd_partno; } enum blk_default_limits { BLK_MAX_SEGMENTS = 128, BLK_SAFE_MAX_SECTORS = 255, BLK_DEF_MAX_SECTORS = 2560, BLK_MAX_SEGMENT_SIZE = 65536, BLK_SEG_BOUNDARY_MASK = 0xFFFFFFFFUL, }; static inline unsigned long queue_segment_boundary(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.seg_boundary_mask; } static inline unsigned long queue_virt_boundary(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.virt_boundary_mask; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_sectors(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_sectors; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_hw_sectors(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_hw_sectors; } static inline unsigned short queue_max_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_segments; } static inline unsigned short queue_max_discard_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_discard_segments; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_segment_size(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_segment_size; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_zone_append_sectors(const struct request_queue *q) { const struct queue_limits *l = &q->limits; return min(l->max_zone_append_sectors, l->max_sectors); } static inline unsigned queue_logical_block_size(const struct request_queue *q) { int retval = 512; if (q && q->limits.logical_block_size) retval = q->limits.logical_block_size; return retval; } static inline unsigned int bdev_logical_block_size(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_logical_block_size(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline unsigned int queue_physical_block_size(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.physical_block_size; } static inline unsigned int bdev_physical_block_size(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_physical_block_size(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline unsigned int queue_io_min(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.io_min; } static inline int bdev_io_min(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_io_min(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline unsigned int queue_io_opt(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.io_opt; } static inline int bdev_io_opt(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_io_opt(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline int queue_alignment_offset(const struct request_queue *q) { if (q->limits.misaligned) return -1; return q->limits.alignment_offset; } static inline int queue_limit_alignment_offset(struct queue_limits *lim, sector_t sector) { unsigned int granularity = max(lim->physical_block_size, lim->io_min); unsigned int alignment = sector_div(sector, granularity >> SECTOR_SHIFT) << SECTOR_SHIFT; return (granularity + lim->alignment_offset - alignment) % granularity; } static inline int bdev_alignment_offset(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q->limits.misaligned) return -1; if (bdev_is_partition(bdev)) return queue_limit_alignment_offset(&q->limits, bdev->bd_part->start_sect); return q->limits.alignment_offset; } static inline int queue_discard_alignment(const struct request_queue *q) { if (q->limits.discard_misaligned) return -1; return q->limits.discard_alignment; } static inline int queue_limit_discard_alignment(struct queue_limits *lim, sector_t sector) { unsigned int alignment, granularity, offset; if (!lim->max_discard_sectors) return 0; /* Why are these in bytes, not sectors? */ alignment = lim->discard_alignment >> SECTOR_SHIFT; granularity = lim->discard_granularity >> SECTOR_SHIFT; if (!granularity) return 0; /* Offset of the partition start in 'granularity' sectors */ offset = sector_div(sector, granularity); /* And why do we do this modulus *again* in blkdev_issue_discard()? */ offset = (granularity + alignment - offset) % granularity; /* Turn it back into bytes, gaah */ return offset << SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Two cases of handling DISCARD merge: * If max_discard_segments > 1, the driver takes every bio * as a range and send them to controller together. The ranges * needn't to be contiguous. * Otherwise, the bios/requests will be handled as same as * others which should be contiguous. */ static inline bool blk_discard_mergable(struct request *req) { if (req_op(req) == REQ_OP_DISCARD && queue_max_discard_segments(req->q) > 1) return true; return false; } static inline int bdev_discard_alignment(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (bdev_is_partition(bdev)) return queue_limit_discard_alignment(&q->limits, bdev->bd_part->start_sect); return q->limits.discard_alignment; } static inline unsigned int bdev_write_same(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return q->limits.max_write_same_sectors; return 0; } static inline unsigned int bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors; return 0; } static inline enum blk_zoned_model bdev_zoned_model(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return blk_queue_zoned_model(q); return BLK_ZONED_NONE; } static inline bool bdev_is_zoned(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return blk_queue_is_zoned(q); return false; } static inline sector_t bdev_zone_sectors(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return blk_queue_zone_sectors(q); return 0; } static inline unsigned int bdev_max_open_zones(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return queue_max_open_zones(q); return 0; } static inline unsigned int bdev_max_active_zones(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return queue_max_active_zones(q); return 0; } static inline int queue_dma_alignment(const struct request_queue *q) { return q ? q->dma_alignment : 511; } static inline int blk_rq_aligned(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long addr, unsigned int len) { unsigned int alignment = queue_dma_alignment(q) | q->dma_pad_mask; return !(addr & alignment) && !(len & alignment); } /* assumes size > 256 */ static inline unsigned int blksize_bits(unsigned int size) { unsigned int bits = 8; do { bits++; size >>= 1; } while (size > 256); return bits; } static inline unsigned int block_size(struct block_device *bdev) { return 1 << bdev->bd_inode->i_blkbits; } int kblockd_schedule_work(struct work_struct *work); int kblockd_mod_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay); #define MODULE_ALIAS_BLOCKDEV(major,minor) \ MODULE_ALIAS("block-major-" __stringify(major) "-" __stringify(minor)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_BLOCKDEV_MAJOR(major) \ MODULE_ALIAS("block-major-" __stringify(major) "-*") #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) enum blk_integrity_flags { BLK_INTEGRITY_VERIFY = 1 << 0, BLK_INTEGRITY_GENERATE = 1 << 1, BLK_INTEGRITY_DEVICE_CAPABLE = 1 << 2, BLK_INTEGRITY_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 3, }; struct blk_integrity_iter { void *prot_buf; void *data_buf; sector_t seed; unsigned int data_size; unsigned short interval; const char *disk_name; }; typedef blk_status_t (integrity_processing_fn) (struct blk_integrity_iter *); typedef void (integrity_prepare_fn) (struct request *); typedef void (integrity_complete_fn) (struct request *, unsigned int); struct blk_integrity_profile { integrity_processing_fn *generate_fn; integrity_processing_fn *verify_fn; integrity_prepare_fn *prepare_fn; integrity_complete_fn *complete_fn; const char *name; }; extern void blk_integrity_register(struct gendisk *, struct blk_integrity *); extern void blk_integrity_unregister(struct gendisk *); extern int blk_integrity_compare(struct gendisk *, struct gendisk *); extern int blk_rq_map_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *, struct bio *, struct scatterlist *); extern int blk_rq_count_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *, struct bio *); static inline struct blk_integrity *blk_get_integrity(struct gendisk *disk) { struct blk_integrity *bi = &disk->queue->integrity; if (!bi->profile) return NULL; return bi; } static inline struct blk_integrity *bdev_get_integrity(struct block_device *bdev) { return blk_get_integrity(bdev->bd_disk); } static inline bool blk_integrity_queue_supports_integrity(struct request_queue *q) { return q->integrity.profile; } static inline bool blk_integrity_rq(struct request *rq) { return rq->cmd_flags & REQ_INTEGRITY; } static inline void blk_queue_max_integrity_segments(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int segs) { q->limits.max_integrity_segments = segs; } static inline unsigned short queue_max_integrity_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_integrity_segments; } /** * bio_integrity_intervals - Return number of integrity intervals for a bio * @bi: blk_integrity profile for device * @sectors: Size of the bio in 512-byte sectors * * Description: The block layer calculates everything in 512 byte * sectors but integrity metadata is done in terms of the data integrity * interval size of the storage device. Convert the block layer sectors * to the appropriate number of integrity intervals. */ static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_intervals(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return sectors >> (bi->interval_exp - 9); } static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_bytes(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return bio_integrity_intervals(bi, sectors) * bi->tuple_size; } /* * Return the first bvec that contains integrity data. Only drivers that are * limited to a single integrity segment should use this helper. */ static inline struct bio_vec *rq_integrity_vec(struct request *rq) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(queue_max_integrity_segments(rq->q) > 1)) return NULL; return rq->bio->bi_integrity->bip_vec; } #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ struct bio; struct block_device; struct gendisk; struct blk_integrity; static inline int blk_integrity_rq(struct request *rq) { return 0; } static inline int blk_rq_count_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *b) { return 0; } static inline int blk_rq_map_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *b, struct scatterlist *s) { return 0; } static inline struct blk_integrity *bdev_get_integrity(struct block_device *b) { return NULL; } static inline struct blk_integrity *blk_get_integrity(struct gendisk *disk) { return NULL; } static inline bool blk_integrity_queue_supports_integrity(struct request_queue *q) { return false; } static inline int blk_integrity_compare(struct gendisk *a, struct gendisk *b) { return 0; } static inline void blk_integrity_register(struct gendisk *d, struct blk_integrity *b) { } static inline void blk_integrity_unregister(struct gendisk *d) { } static inline void blk_queue_max_integrity_segments(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int segs) { } static inline unsigned short queue_max_integrity_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_intervals(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_bytes(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return 0; } static inline struct bio_vec *rq_integrity_vec(struct request *rq) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION bool blk_ksm_register(struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm, struct request_queue *q); void blk_ksm_unregister(struct request_queue *q); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ static inline bool blk_ksm_register(struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm, struct request_queue *q) { return true; } static inline void blk_ksm_unregister(struct request_queue *q) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ struct block_device_operations { blk_qc_t (*submit_bio) (struct bio *bio); int (*open) (struct block_device *, fmode_t); void (*release) (struct gendisk *, fmode_t); int (*rw_page)(struct block_device *, sector_t, struct page *, unsigned int); int (*ioctl) (struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long); int (*compat_ioctl) (struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long); unsigned int (*check_events) (struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int clearing); void (*unlock_native_capacity) (struct gendisk *); int (*revalidate_disk) (struct gendisk *); int (*getgeo)(struct block_device *, struct hd_geometry *); /* this callback is with swap_lock and sometimes page table lock held */ void (*swap_slot_free_notify) (struct block_device *, unsigned long); int (*report_zones)(struct gendisk *, sector_t sector, unsigned int nr_zones, report_zones_cb cb, void *data); char *(*devnode)(struct gendisk *disk, umode_t *mode); struct module *owner; const struct pr_ops *pr_ops; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern int blkdev_compat_ptr_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned int, unsigned long); #else #define blkdev_compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif extern int __blkdev_driver_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern int bdev_read_page(struct block_device *, sector_t, struct page *); extern int bdev_write_page(struct block_device *, sector_t, struct page *, struct writeback_control *); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED bool blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq); bool blk_req_zone_write_trylock(struct request *rq); void __blk_req_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq); void __blk_req_zone_write_unlock(struct request *rq); static inline void blk_req_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq) { if (blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(rq)) __blk_req_zone_write_lock(rq); } static inline void blk_req_zone_write_unlock(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_ZONE_WRITE_LOCKED) __blk_req_zone_write_unlock(rq); } static inline bool blk_req_zone_is_write_locked(struct request *rq) { return rq->q->seq_zones_wlock && test_bit(blk_rq_zone_no(rq), rq->q->seq_zones_wlock); } static inline bool blk_req_can_dispatch_to_zone(struct request *rq) { if (!blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(rq)) return true; return !blk_req_zone_is_write_locked(rq); } #else static inline bool blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq) { return false; } static inline void blk_req_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_req_zone_write_unlock(struct request *rq) { } static inline bool blk_req_zone_is_write_locked(struct request *rq) { return false; } static inline bool blk_req_can_dispatch_to_zone(struct request *rq) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline void blk_wake_io_task(struct task_struct *waiter) { /* * If we're polling, the task itself is doing the completions. For * that case, we don't need to signal a wakeup, it's enough to just * mark us as RUNNING. */ if (waiter == current) __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); else wake_up_process(waiter); } unsigned long disk_start_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int sectors, unsigned int op); void disk_end_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int op, unsigned long start_time); unsigned long part_start_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, struct hd_struct **part, struct bio *bio); void part_end_io_acct(struct hd_struct *part, struct bio *bio, unsigned long start_time); /** * bio_start_io_acct - start I/O accounting for bio based drivers * @bio: bio to start account for * * Returns the start time that should be passed back to bio_end_io_acct(). */ static inline unsigned long bio_start_io_acct(struct bio *bio) { return disk_start_io_acct(bio->bi_disk, bio_sectors(bio), bio_op(bio)); } /** * bio_end_io_acct - end I/O accounting for bio based drivers * @bio: bio to end account for * @start: start time returned by bio_start_io_acct() */ static inline void bio_end_io_acct(struct bio *bio, unsigned long start_time) { return disk_end_io_acct(bio->bi_disk, bio_op(bio), start_time); } int bdev_read_only(struct block_device *bdev); int set_blocksize(struct block_device *bdev, int size); const char *bdevname(struct block_device *bdev, char *buffer); struct block_device *lookup_bdev(const char *); void blkdev_show(struct seq_file *seqf, off_t offset); #define BDEVNAME_SIZE 32 /* Largest string for a blockdev identifier */ #define BDEVT_SIZE 10 /* Largest string for MAJ:MIN for blkdev */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK #define BLKDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 #else #define BLKDEV_MAJOR_MAX 0 #endif struct block_device *blkdev_get_by_path(const char *path, fmode_t mode, void *holder); struct block_device *blkdev_get_by_dev(dev_t dev, fmode_t mode, void *holder); int bd_prepare_to_claim(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *whole, void *holder); void bd_abort_claiming(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *whole, void *holder); void blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode); struct block_device *I_BDEV(struct inode *inode); struct block_device *bdget_part(struct hd_struct *part); struct block_device *bdgrab(struct block_device *bdev); void bdput(struct block_device *); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void invalidate_bdev(struct block_device *bdev); int truncate_bdev_range(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev); #else static inline void invalidate_bdev(struct block_device *bdev) { } static inline int truncate_bdev_range(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { return 0; } static inline int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev) { return 0; } #endif int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *bdev); struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *bdev); int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb); #endif /* _LINUX_BLKDEV_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for the UDP-Lite (RFC 3828) code. */ #ifndef _UDPLITE_H #define _UDPLITE_H #include <net/ip6_checksum.h> /* UDP-Lite socket options */ #define UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV 10 /* sender partial coverage (as sent) */ #define UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV 11 /* receiver partial coverage (threshold ) */ extern struct proto udplite_prot; extern struct udp_table udplite_table; /* * Checksum computation is all in software, hence simpler getfrag. */ static __inline__ int udplite_getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct msghdr *msg = from; return copy_from_iter_full(to, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } /* Designate sk as UDP-Lite socket */ static inline int udplite_sk_init(struct sock *sk) { udp_init_sock(sk); udp_sk(sk)->pcflag = UDPLITE_BIT; return 0; } /* * Checksumming routines */ static inline int udplite_checksum_init(struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh) { u16 cscov; /* In UDPv4 a zero checksum means that the transmitter generated no * checksum. UDP-Lite (like IPv6) mandates checksums, hence packets * with a zero checksum field are illegal. */ if (uh->check == 0) { net_dbg_ratelimited("UDPLite: zeroed checksum field\n"); return 1; } cscov = ntohs(uh->len); if (cscov == 0) /* Indicates that full coverage is required. */ ; else if (cscov < 8 || cscov > skb->len) { /* * Coverage length violates RFC 3828: log and discard silently. */ net_dbg_ratelimited("UDPLite: bad csum coverage %d/%d\n", cscov, skb->len); return 1; } else if (cscov < skb->len) { UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->partial_cov = 1; UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov = cscov; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_valid = 0; } return 0; } /* Slow-path computation of checksum. Socket is locked. */ static inline __wsum udplite_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(skb->sk); int cscov = up->len; __wsum csum = 0; if (up->pcflag & UDPLITE_SEND_CC) { /* * Sender has set `partial coverage' option on UDP-Lite socket. * The special case "up->pcslen == 0" signifies full coverage. */ if (up->pcslen < up->len) { if (0 < up->pcslen) cscov = up->pcslen; udp_hdr(skb)->len = htons(up->pcslen); } /* * NOTE: Causes for the error case `up->pcslen > up->len': * (i) Application error (will not be penalized). * (ii) Payload too big for send buffer: data is split * into several packets, each with its own header. * In this case (e.g. last segment), coverage may * exceed packet length. * Since packets with coverage length > packet length are * illegal, we fall back to the defaults here. */ } skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; /* no HW support for checksumming */ skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { const int off = skb_transport_offset(skb); const int len = skb->len - off; csum = skb_checksum(skb, off, (cscov > len)? len : cscov, csum); if ((cscov -= len) <= 0) break; } return csum; } /* Fast-path computation of checksum. Socket may not be locked. */ static inline __wsum udplite_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(skb->sk); const int off = skb_transport_offset(skb); int len = skb->len - off; if ((up->pcflag & UDPLITE_SEND_CC) && up->pcslen < len) { if (0 < up->pcslen) len = up->pcslen; udp_hdr(skb)->len = htons(up->pcslen); } skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; /* no HW support for checksumming */ return skb_checksum(skb, off, len, 0); } void udplite4_register(void); int udplite_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*scmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); #endif /* _UDPLITE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #define _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> /* only for vma_is_dax() */ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); int copy_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud); #else static inline void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { } #endif vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags); bool madvise_free_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long next); int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); int zap_huge_pud(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long new_addr, pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd); int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pmd - insert a pmd size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pmd size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pud - insert a pud size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pud size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } enum transparent_hugepage_flag { TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_DIRECT_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_OR_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG, #endif }; struct kobject; struct kobj_attribute; ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); extern struct kobj_attribute shmem_enabled_attr; #define HPAGE_PMD_ORDER (HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_NR (1<<HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PMD_SIZE - 1)) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT PUD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PUD_SIZE - 1)) extern unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags; static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { /* Don't have to check pgoff for anonymous vma */ if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { if (!IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) - vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR)) return false; } if (haddr < vma->vm_start || haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > vma->vm_end) return false; return true; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) || test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags)) return false; return true; } /* * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP. * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise */ static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled. */ if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX)) return false; if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags)) return false; if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma)) return false; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)) return true; if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return true; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)) return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE); return false; } bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \ (transparent_hugepage_flags & \ (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG)) unsigned long thp_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page); void free_transhuge_page(struct page *page); bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page); bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins); int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list); static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return split_huge_page_to_list(page, NULL); } void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page); void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { \ pmd_t *____pmd = (__pmd); \ if (is_swap_pmd(*____pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*____pmd) \ || pmd_devmap(*____pmd)) \ __split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address, \ false, NULL); \ } while (0) void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); void __split_huge_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address) \ do { \ pud_t *____pud = (__pud); \ if (pud_trans_huge(*____pud) \ || pud_devmap(*____pud)) \ __split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address); \ } while (0) int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice); void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next); spinlock_t *__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); spinlock_t *__pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma); static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_none(pmd) && !pmd_present(pmd); } /* mmap_lock must be held on entry */ static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); else return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) return __pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, vma); else return NULL; } /** * thp_head - Head page of a transparent huge page. * @page: Any page (tail, head or regular) found in the page cache. */ static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { return compound_head(page); } /** * thp_order - Order of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. */ static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_ORDER; return 0; } /** * thp_nr_pages - The number of regular pages in this huge page. * @page: The head page of a huge page. */ static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_NR; return 1; } struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); extern struct page *huge_zero_page; extern unsigned long huge_zero_pfn; static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_page) == page; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_pfn) == pmd_pfn(pmd) && pmd_present(pmd); } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } struct page *mm_get_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); #define mk_huge_pmd(page, prot) pmd_mkhuge(mk_pmd(page, prot)) static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION); } static inline struct list_head *page_deferred_list(struct page *page) { /* * Global or memcg deferred list in the second tail pages is * occupied by compound_head. */ return &page[2].deferred_list; } #else /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return page; } static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 0; } static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { return false; } static inline void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page) {} static inline bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page) { return false; } #define transparent_hugepage_flags 0UL #define thp_get_unmapped_area NULL static inline bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins) { BUILD_BUG(); return false; } static inline int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { return 0; } static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} static inline void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next) { } static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { return 0; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } static inline void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm) { return; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ /** * thp_size - Size of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. * * Return: Number of bytes in this page. */ static inline unsigned long thp_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << thp_order(page); } #endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common header file for generic dynamic events. */ #ifndef _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #define _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include "trace.h" struct dyn_event; /** * struct dyn_event_operations - Methods for each type of dynamic events * * These methods must be set for each type, since there is no default method. * Before using this for dyn_event_init(), it must be registered by * dyn_event_register(). * * @create: Parse and create event method. This is invoked when user passes * a event definition to dynamic_events interface. This must not destruct * the arguments and return -ECANCELED if given arguments doesn't match its * command prefix. * @show: Showing method. This is invoked when user reads the event definitions * via dynamic_events interface. * @is_busy: Check whether given event is busy so that it can not be deleted. * Return true if it is busy, otherwides false. * @free: Delete the given event. Return 0 if success, otherwides error. * @match: Check whether given event and system name match this event. The argc * and argv is used for exact match. Return true if it matches, otherwides * false. * * Except for @create, these methods are called under holding event_mutex. */ struct dyn_event_operations { struct list_head list; int (*create)(int argc, const char *argv[]); int (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*is_busy)(struct dyn_event *ev); int (*free)(struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*match)(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev); }; /* Register new dyn_event type -- must be called at first */ int dyn_event_register(struct dyn_event_operations *ops); /** * struct dyn_event - Dynamic event list header * * The dyn_event structure encapsulates a list and a pointer to the operators * for making a global list of dynamic events. * User must includes this in each event structure, so that those events can * be added/removed via dynamic_events interface. */ struct dyn_event { struct list_head list; struct dyn_event_operations *ops; }; extern struct list_head dyn_event_list; static inline int dyn_event_init(struct dyn_event *ev, struct dyn_event_operations *ops) { if (!ev || !ops) return -EINVAL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ev->list); ev->ops = ops; return 0; } static inline int dyn_event_add(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); if (!ev || !ev->ops) return -EINVAL; list_add_tail(&ev->list, &dyn_event_list); return 0; } static inline void dyn_event_remove(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); list_del_init(&ev->list); } void *dyn_event_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void *dyn_event_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); void dyn_event_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v); int dyn_events_release_all(struct dyn_event_operations *type); int dyn_event_release(int argc, char **argv, struct dyn_event_operations *type); /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * * This is just a basement of for_each macro. Wrap this for * each actual event structure with ops filtering. */ #define for_each_dyn_event(pos) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &dyn_event_list, list) /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list safely * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * @n: the struct dyn_event * to use as temporary storage */ #define for_each_dyn_event_safe(pos, n) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &dyn_event_list, list) extern void dynevent_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen, enum dynevent_type type, dynevent_create_fn_t run_command); typedef int (*dynevent_check_arg_fn_t)(void *data); struct dynevent_arg { const char *str; char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_init(struct dynevent_arg *arg, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg *arg, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); struct dynevent_arg_pair { const char *lhs; const char *rhs; char operator; /* e.g. '=' or nothing */ char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_pair_init(struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, char operator, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_pair_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); extern int dynevent_str_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *str); #endif
20 20 17 17 20 20 20 20 17 17 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Generic pidhash and scalable, time-bounded PID allocator * * (C) 2002-2003 Nadia Yvette Chambers, IBM * (C) 2004 Nadia Yvette Chambers, Oracle * (C) 2002-2004 Ingo Molnar, Red Hat * * pid-structures are backing objects for tasks sharing a given ID to chain * against. There is very little to them aside from hashing them and * parking tasks using given ID's on a list. * * The hash is always changed with the tasklist_lock write-acquired, * and the hash is only accessed with the tasklist_lock at least * read-acquired, so there's no additional SMP locking needed here. * * We have a list of bitmap pages, which bitmaps represent the PID space. * Allocating and freeing PIDs is completely lockless. The worst-case * allocation scenario when all but one out of 1 million PIDs possible are * allocated already: the scanning of 32 list entries and at most PAGE_SIZE * bytes. The typical fastpath is a single successful setbit. Freeing is O(1). * * Pid namespaces: * (C) 2007 Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>, OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * (C) 2007 Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com>, IBM * Many thanks to Oleg Nesterov for comments and help * */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/pidfd.h> struct pid init_struct_pid = { .count = REFCOUNT_INIT(1), .tasks = { { .first = NULL }, { .first = NULL }, { .first = NULL }, }, .level = 0, .numbers = { { .nr = 0, .ns = &init_pid_ns, }, } }; int pid_max = PID_MAX_DEFAULT; #define RESERVED_PIDS 300 int pid_max_min = RESERVED_PIDS + 1; int pid_max_max = PID_MAX_LIMIT; /* * PID-map pages start out as NULL, they get allocated upon * first use and are never deallocated. This way a low pid_max * value does not cause lots of bitmaps to be allocated, but * the scheme scales to up to 4 million PIDs, runtime. */ struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns = { .kref = KREF_INIT(2), .idr = IDR_INIT(init_pid_ns.idr), .pid_allocated = PIDNS_ADDING, .level = 0, .child_reaper = &init_task, .user_ns = &init_user_ns, .ns.inum = PROC_PID_INIT_INO, #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS .ns.ops = &pidns_operations, #endif }; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_pid_ns); /* * Note: disable interrupts while the pidmap_lock is held as an * interrupt might come in and do read_lock(&tasklist_lock). * * If we don't disable interrupts there is a nasty deadlock between * detach_pid()->free_pid() and another cpu that does * spin_lock(&pidmap_lock) followed by an interrupt routine that does * read_lock(&tasklist_lock); * * After we clean up the tasklist_lock and know there are no * irq handlers that take it we can leave the interrupts enabled. * For now it is easier to be safe than to prove it can't happen. */ static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pidmap_lock); void put_pid(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *ns; if (!pid) return; ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns; if (refcount_dec_and_test(&pid->count)) { kmem_cache_free(ns->pid_cachep, pid); put_pid_ns(ns); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_pid); static void delayed_put_pid(struct rcu_head *rhp) { struct pid *pid = container_of(rhp, struct pid, rcu); put_pid(pid); } void free_pid(struct pid *pid) { /* We can be called with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) held */ int i; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pidmap_lock, flags); for (i = 0; i <= pid->level; i++) { struct upid *upid = pid->numbers + i; struct pid_namespace *ns = upid->ns; switch (--ns->pid_allocated) { case 2: case 1: /* When all that is left in the pid namespace * is the reaper wake up the reaper. The reaper * may be sleeping in zap_pid_ns_processes(). */ wake_up_process(ns->child_reaper); break; case PIDNS_ADDING: /* Handle a fork failure of the first process */ WARN_ON(ns->child_reaper); ns->pid_allocated = 0; break; } idr_remove(&ns->idr, upid->nr); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pidmap_lock, flags); call_rcu(&pid->rcu, delayed_put_pid); } struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, pid_t *set_tid, size_t set_tid_size) { struct pid *pid; enum pid_type type; int i, nr; struct pid_namespace *tmp; struct upid *upid; int retval = -ENOMEM; /* * set_tid_size contains the size of the set_tid array. Starting at * the most nested currently active PID namespace it tells alloc_pid() * which PID to set for a process in that most nested PID namespace * up to set_tid_size PID namespaces. It does not have to set the PID * for a process in all nested PID namespaces but set_tid_size must * never be greater than the current ns->level + 1. */ if (set_tid_size > ns->level + 1) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); pid = kmem_cache_alloc(ns->pid_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!pid) return ERR_PTR(retval); tmp = ns; pid->level = ns->level; for (i = ns->level; i >= 0; i--) { int tid = 0; if (set_tid_size) { tid = set_tid[ns->level - i]; retval = -EINVAL; if (tid < 1 || tid >= pid_max) goto out_free; /* * Also fail if a PID != 1 is requested and * no PID 1 exists. */ if (tid != 1 && !tmp->child_reaper) goto out_free; retval = -EPERM; if (!checkpoint_restore_ns_capable(tmp->user_ns)) goto out_free; set_tid_size--; } idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL); spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); if (tid) { nr = idr_alloc(&tmp->idr, NULL, tid, tid + 1, GFP_ATOMIC); /* * If ENOSPC is returned it means that the PID is * alreay in use. Return EEXIST in that case. */ if (nr == -ENOSPC) nr = -EEXIST; } else { int pid_min = 1; /* * init really needs pid 1, but after reaching the * maximum wrap back to RESERVED_PIDS */ if (idr_get_cursor(&tmp->idr) > RESERVED_PIDS) pid_min = RESERVED_PIDS; /* * Store a null pointer so find_pid_ns does not find * a partially initialized PID (see below). */ nr = idr_alloc_cyclic(&tmp->idr, NULL, pid_min, pid_max, GFP_ATOMIC); } spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); idr_preload_end(); if (nr < 0) { retval = (nr == -ENOSPC) ? -EAGAIN : nr; goto out_free; } pid->numbers[i].nr = nr; pid->numbers[i].ns = tmp; tmp = tmp->parent; } /* * ENOMEM is not the most obvious choice especially for the case * where the child subreaper has already exited and the pid * namespace denies the creation of any new processes. But ENOMEM * is what we have exposed to userspace for a long time and it is * documented behavior for pid namespaces. So we can't easily * change it even if there were an error code better suited. */ retval = -ENOMEM; get_pid_ns(ns); refcount_set(&pid->count, 1); spin_lock_init(&pid->lock); for (type = 0; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->tasks[type]); init_waitqueue_head(&pid->wait_pidfd); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->inodes); upid = pid->numbers + ns->level; spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); if (!(ns->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING)) goto out_unlock; for ( ; upid >= pid->numbers; --upid) { /* Make the PID visible to find_pid_ns. */ idr_replace(&upid->ns->idr, pid, upid->nr); upid->ns->pid_allocated++; } spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); return pid; out_unlock: spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); put_pid_ns(ns); out_free: spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); while (++i <= ns->level) { upid = pid->numbers + i; idr_remove(&upid->ns->idr, upid->nr); } /* On failure to allocate the first pid, reset the state */ if (ns->pid_allocated == PIDNS_ADDING) idr_set_cursor(&ns->idr, 0); spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); kmem_cache_free(ns->pid_cachep, pid); return ERR_PTR(retval); } void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns) { spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); ns->pid_allocated &= ~PIDNS_ADDING; spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); } struct pid *find_pid_ns(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return idr_find(&ns->idr, nr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_pid_ns); struct pid *find_vpid(int nr) { return find_pid_ns(nr, task_active_pid_ns(current)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_vpid); static struct pid **task_pid_ptr(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { return (type == PIDTYPE_PID) ? &task->thread_pid : &task->signal->pids[type]; } /* * attach_pid() must be called with the tasklist_lock write-held. */ void attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid = *task_pid_ptr(task, type); hlist_add_head_rcu(&task->pid_links[type], &pid->tasks[type]); } static void __change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *new) { struct pid **pid_ptr = task_pid_ptr(task, type); struct pid *pid; int tmp; pid = *pid_ptr; hlist_del_rcu(&task->pid_links[type]); *pid_ptr = new; for (tmp = PIDTYPE_MAX; --tmp >= 0; ) if (pid_has_task(pid, tmp)) return; free_pid(pid); } void detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { __change_pid(task, type, NULL); } void change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid) { __change_pid(task, type, pid); attach_pid(task, type); } void exchange_tids(struct task_struct *left, struct task_struct *right) { struct pid *pid1 = left->thread_pid; struct pid *pid2 = right->thread_pid; struct hlist_head *head1 = &pid1->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID]; struct hlist_head *head2 = &pid2->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID]; /* Swap the single entry tid lists */ hlists_swap_heads_rcu(head1, head2); /* Swap the per task_struct pid */ rcu_assign_pointer(left->thread_pid, pid2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->thread_pid, pid1); /* Swap the cached value */ WRITE_ONCE(left->pid, pid_nr(pid2)); WRITE_ONCE(right->pid, pid_nr(pid1)); } /* transfer_pid is an optimization of attach_pid(new), detach_pid(old) */ void transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old, struct task_struct *new, enum pid_type type) { if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) new->thread_pid = old->thread_pid; hlist_replace_rcu(&old->pid_links[type], &new->pid_links[type]); } struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { struct task_struct *result = NULL; if (pid) { struct hlist_node *first; first = rcu_dereference_check(hlist_first_rcu(&pid->tasks[type]), lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held()); if (first) result = hlist_entry(first, struct task_struct, pid_links[(type)]); } return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pid_task); /* * Must be called under rcu_read_lock(). */ struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held(), "find_task_by_pid_ns() needs rcu_read_lock() protection"); return pid_task(find_pid_ns(nr, ns), PIDTYPE_PID); } struct task_struct *find_task_by_vpid(pid_t vnr) { return find_task_by_pid_ns(vnr, task_active_pid_ns(current)); } struct task_struct *find_get_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr) { struct task_struct *task; rcu_read_lock(); task = find_task_by_vpid(nr); if (task) get_task_struct(task); rcu_read_unlock(); return task; } struct pid *get_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid; rcu_read_lock(); pid = get_pid(rcu_dereference(*task_pid_ptr(task, type))); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_pid); struct task_struct *get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { struct task_struct *result; rcu_read_lock(); result = pid_task(pid, type); if (result) get_task_struct(result); rcu_read_unlock(); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_pid_task); struct pid *find_get_pid(pid_t nr) { struct pid *pid; rcu_read_lock(); pid = get_pid(find_vpid(nr)); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_get_pid); pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns) { struct upid *upid; pid_t nr = 0; if (pid && ns->level <= pid->level) { upid = &pid->numbers[ns->level]; if (upid->ns == ns) nr = upid->nr; } return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pid_nr_ns); pid_t pid_vnr(struct pid *pid) { return pid_nr_ns(pid, task_active_pid_ns(current)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pid_vnr); pid_t __task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid_namespace *ns) { pid_t nr = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (!ns) ns = task_active_pid_ns(current); nr = pid_nr_ns(rcu_dereference(*task_pid_ptr(task, type)), ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__task_pid_nr_ns); struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk) { return ns_of_pid(task_pid(tsk)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(task_active_pid_ns); /* * Used by proc to find the first pid that is greater than or equal to nr. * * If there is a pid at nr this function is exactly the same as find_pid_ns. */ struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return idr_get_next(&ns->idr, &nr); } struct pid *pidfd_get_pid(unsigned int fd, unsigned int *flags) { struct fd f; struct pid *pid; f = fdget(fd); if (!f.file) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); pid = pidfd_pid(f.file); if (!IS_ERR(pid)) { get_pid(pid); *flags = f.file->f_flags; } fdput(f); return pid; } /** * pidfd_create() - Create a new pid file descriptor. * * @pid: struct pid that the pidfd will reference * @flags: flags to pass * * This creates a new pid file descriptor with the O_CLOEXEC flag set. * * Note, that this function can only be called after the fd table has * been unshared to avoid leaking the pidfd to the new process. * * Return: On success, a cloexec pidfd is returned. * On error, a negative errno number will be returned. */ static int pidfd_create(struct pid *pid, unsigned int flags) { int fd; fd = anon_inode_getfd("[pidfd]", &pidfd_fops, get_pid(pid), flags | O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC); if (fd < 0) put_pid(pid); return fd; } /** * pidfd_open() - Open new pid file descriptor. * * @pid: pid for which to retrieve a pidfd * @flags: flags to pass * * This creates a new pid file descriptor with the O_CLOEXEC flag set for * the process identified by @pid. Currently, the process identified by * @pid must be a thread-group leader. This restriction currently exists * for all aspects of pidfds including pidfd creation (CLONE_PIDFD cannot * be used with CLONE_THREAD) and pidfd polling (only supports thread group * leaders). * * Return: On success, a cloexec pidfd is returned. * On error, a negative errno number will be returned. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pidfd_open, pid_t, pid, unsigned int, flags) { int fd; struct pid *p; if (flags & ~PIDFD_NONBLOCK) return -EINVAL; if (pid <= 0) return -EINVAL; p = find_get_pid(pid); if (!p) return -ESRCH; if (pid_has_task(p, PIDTYPE_TGID)) fd = pidfd_create(p, flags); else fd = -EINVAL; put_pid(p); return fd; } void __init pid_idr_init(void) { /* Verify no one has done anything silly: */ BUILD_BUG_ON(PID_MAX_LIMIT >= PIDNS_ADDING); /* bump default and minimum pid_max based on number of cpus */ pid_max = min(pid_max_max, max_t(int, pid_max, PIDS_PER_CPU_DEFAULT * num_possible_cpus())); pid_max_min = max_t(int, pid_max_min, PIDS_PER_CPU_MIN * num_possible_cpus()); pr_info("pid_max: default: %u minimum: %u\n", pid_max, pid_max_min); idr_init(&init_pid_ns.idr); init_pid_ns.pid_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(pid, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT); } static struct file *__pidfd_fget(struct task_struct *task, int fd) { struct file *file; int ret; ret = down_read_killable(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); if (ret) return ERR_PTR(ret); if (ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS)) file = fget_task(task, fd); else file = ERR_PTR(-EPERM); up_read(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); return file ?: ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } static int pidfd_getfd(struct pid *pid, int fd) { struct task_struct *task; struct file *file; int ret; task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID); if (!task) return -ESRCH; file = __pidfd_fget(task, fd); put_task_struct(task); if (IS_ERR(file)) return PTR_ERR(file); ret = receive_fd(file, O_CLOEXEC); fput(file); return ret; } /** * sys_pidfd_getfd() - Get a file descriptor from another process * * @pidfd: the pidfd file descriptor of the process * @fd: the file descriptor number to get * @flags: flags on how to get the fd (reserved) * * This syscall gets a copy of a file descriptor from another process * based on the pidfd, and file descriptor number. It requires that * the calling process has the ability to ptrace the process represented * by the pidfd. The process which is having its file descriptor copied * is otherwise unaffected. * * Return: On success, a cloexec file descriptor is returned. * On error, a negative errno number will be returned. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(pidfd_getfd, int, pidfd, int, fd, unsigned int, flags) { struct pid *pid; struct fd f; int ret; /* flags is currently unused - make sure it's unset */ if (flags) return -EINVAL; f = fdget(pidfd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; pid = pidfd_pid(f.file); if (IS_ERR(pid)) ret = PTR_ERR(pid); else ret = pidfd_getfd(pid, fd); fdput(f); return ret; }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #define _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sched.h> typedef void (*task_work_func_t)(struct callback_head *); static inline void init_task_work(struct callback_head *twork, task_work_func_t func) { twork->func = func; } enum task_work_notify_mode { TWA_NONE, TWA_RESUME, TWA_SIGNAL, }; int task_work_add(struct task_struct *task, struct callback_head *twork, enum task_work_notify_mode mode); struct callback_head *task_work_cancel(struct task_struct *, task_work_func_t); void task_work_run(void); static inline void exit_task_work(struct task_struct *task) { task_work_run(); } #endif /* _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #define __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/mac802154.h> #include "ieee802154_i.h" #include "trace.h" static inline int drv_xmit_async(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { return local->ops->xmit_async(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_xmit_sync(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { might_sleep(); return local->ops->xmit_sync(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_start(struct ieee802154_local *local) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_start(local); local->started = true; smp_mb(); ret = local->ops->start(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline void drv_stop(struct ieee802154_local *local) { might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_stop(local); local->ops->stop(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_void(local); /* sync away all work on the tasklet before clearing started */ tasklet_disable(&local->tasklet); tasklet_enable(&local->tasklet); barrier(); local->started = false; } static inline int drv_set_channel(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 page, u8 channel) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_set_channel(local, page, channel); ret = local->ops->set_channel(&local->hw, page, channel); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_tx_power(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_txpower) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_tx_power(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_txpower(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_mode(local, cca); ret = local->ops->set_cca_mode(&local->hw, cca); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_lbt_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool mode) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_lbt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_lbt_mode(local, mode); ret = local->ops->set_lbt(&local->hw, mode); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_ed_level(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_ed_level) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_ed_level(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_cca_ed_level(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_id(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 pan_id) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_id = pan_id; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_id(local, pan_id); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANID_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_extended_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le64 extended_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.ieee_addr = extended_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_extended_addr(local, extended_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_IEEEADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_short_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 short_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.short_addr = short_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_short_addr(local, short_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_SADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_coord(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool is_coord) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_coord = is_coord; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_coord(local, is_coord); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANC_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_csma_params(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 min_be, u8 max_be, u8 max_csma_backoffs) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_csma_params) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_csma_params(local, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); ret = local->ops->set_csma_params(&local->hw, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_max_frame_retries(struct ieee802154_local *local, s8 max_frame_retries) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_frame_retries) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_max_frame_retries(local, max_frame_retries); ret = local->ops->set_frame_retries(&local->hw, max_frame_retries); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_promiscuous_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool on) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_promiscuous_mode(local, on); ret = local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode(&local->hw, on); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } #endif /* __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS */
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1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* Common capabilities, needed by capability.o. */ #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/lsm_hooks.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/prctl.h> #include <linux/securebits.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/personality.h> /* * If a non-root user executes a setuid-root binary in * !secure(SECURE_NOROOT) mode, then we raise capabilities. * However if fE is also set, then the intent is for only * the file capabilities to be applied, and the setuid-root * bit is left on either to change the uid (plausible) or * to get full privilege on a kernel without file capabilities * support. So in that case we do not raise capabilities. * * Warn if that happens, once per boot. */ static void warn_setuid_and_fcaps_mixed(const char *fname) { static int warned; if (!warned) { printk(KERN_INFO "warning: `%s' has both setuid-root and" " effective capabilities. Therefore not raising all" " capabilities.\n", fname); warned = 1; } } /** * cap_capable - Determine whether a task has a particular effective capability * @cred: The credentials to use * @ns: The user namespace in which we need the capability * @cap: The capability to check for * @opts: Bitmask of options defined in include/linux/security.h * * Determine whether the nominated task has the specified capability amongst * its effective set, returning 0 if it does, -ve if it does not. * * NOTE WELL: cap_has_capability() cannot be used like the kernel's capable() * and has_capability() functions. That is, it has the reverse semantics: * cap_has_capability() returns 0 when a task has a capability, but the * kernel's capable() and has_capability() returns 1 for this case. */ int cap_capable(const struct cred *cred, struct user_namespace *targ_ns, int cap, unsigned int opts) { struct user_namespace *ns = targ_ns; /* See if cred has the capability in the target user namespace * by examining the target user namespace and all of the target * user namespace's parents. */ for (;;) { /* Do we have the necessary capabilities? */ if (ns == cred->user_ns) return cap_raised(cred->cap_effective, cap) ? 0 : -EPERM; /* * If we're already at a lower level than we're looking for, * we're done searching. */ if (ns->level <= cred->user_ns->level) return -EPERM; /* * The owner of the user namespace in the parent of the * user namespace has all caps. */ if ((ns->parent == cred->user_ns) && uid_eq(ns->owner, cred->euid)) return 0; /* * If you have a capability in a parent user ns, then you have * it over all children user namespaces as well. */ ns = ns->parent; } /* We never get here */ } /** * cap_settime - Determine whether the current process may set the system clock * @ts: The time to set * @tz: The timezone to set * * Determine whether the current process may set the system clock and timezone * information, returning 0 if permission granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_settime(const struct timespec64 *ts, const struct timezone *tz) { if (!capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /** * cap_ptrace_access_check - Determine whether the current process may access * another * @child: The process to be accessed * @mode: The mode of attachment. * * If we are in the same or an ancestor user_ns and have all the target * task's capabilities, then ptrace access is allowed. * If we have the ptrace capability to the target user_ns, then ptrace * access is allowed. * Else denied. * * Determine whether a process may access another, returning 0 if permission * granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_ptrace_access_check(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int mode) { int ret = 0; const struct cred *cred, *child_cred; const kernel_cap_t *caller_caps; rcu_read_lock(); cred = current_cred(); child_cred = __task_cred(child); if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) caller_caps = &cred->cap_effective; else caller_caps = &cred->cap_permitted; if (cred->user_ns == child_cred->user_ns && cap_issubset(child_cred->cap_permitted, *caller_caps)) goto out; if (ns_capable(child_cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE)) goto out; ret = -EPERM; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_ptrace_traceme - Determine whether another process may trace the current * @parent: The task proposed to be the tracer * * If parent is in the same or an ancestor user_ns and has all current's * capabilities, then ptrace access is allowed. * If parent has the ptrace capability to current's user_ns, then ptrace * access is allowed. * Else denied. * * Determine whether the nominated task is permitted to trace the current * process, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_ptrace_traceme(struct task_struct *parent) { int ret = 0; const struct cred *cred, *child_cred; rcu_read_lock(); cred = __task_cred(parent); child_cred = current_cred(); if (cred->user_ns == child_cred->user_ns && cap_issubset(child_cred->cap_permitted, cred->cap_permitted)) goto out; if (has_ns_capability(parent, child_cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE)) goto out; ret = -EPERM; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_capget - Retrieve a task's capability sets * @target: The task from which to retrieve the capability sets * @effective: The place to record the effective set * @inheritable: The place to record the inheritable set * @permitted: The place to record the permitted set * * This function retrieves the capabilities of the nominated task and returns * them to the caller. */ int cap_capget(struct task_struct *target, kernel_cap_t *effective, kernel_cap_t *inheritable, kernel_cap_t *permitted) { const struct cred *cred; /* Derived from kernel/capability.c:sys_capget. */ rcu_read_lock(); cred = __task_cred(target); *effective = cred->cap_effective; *inheritable = cred->cap_inheritable; *permitted = cred->cap_permitted; rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Determine whether the inheritable capabilities are limited to the old * permitted set. Returns 1 if they are limited, 0 if they are not. */ static inline int cap_inh_is_capped(void) { /* they are so limited unless the current task has the CAP_SETPCAP * capability */ if (cap_capable(current_cred(), current_cred()->user_ns, CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_OPT_NONE) == 0) return 0; return 1; } /** * cap_capset - Validate and apply proposed changes to current's capabilities * @new: The proposed new credentials; alterations should be made here * @old: The current task's current credentials * @effective: A pointer to the proposed new effective capabilities set * @inheritable: A pointer to the proposed new inheritable capabilities set * @permitted: A pointer to the proposed new permitted capabilities set * * This function validates and applies a proposed mass change to the current * process's capability sets. The changes are made to the proposed new * credentials, and assuming no error, will be committed by the caller of LSM. */ int cap_capset(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, const kernel_cap_t *effective, const kernel_cap_t *inheritable, const kernel_cap_t *permitted) { if (cap_inh_is_capped() && !cap_issubset(*inheritable, cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable, old->cap_permitted))) /* incapable of using this inheritable set */ return -EPERM; if (!cap_issubset(*inheritable, cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable, old->cap_bset))) /* no new pI capabilities outside bounding set */ return -EPERM; /* verify restrictions on target's new Permitted set */ if (!cap_issubset(*permitted, old->cap_permitted)) return -EPERM; /* verify the _new_Effective_ is a subset of the _new_Permitted_ */ if (!cap_issubset(*effective, *permitted)) return -EPERM; new->cap_effective = *effective; new->cap_inheritable = *inheritable; new->cap_permitted = *permitted; /* * Mask off ambient bits that are no longer both permitted and * inheritable. */ new->cap_ambient = cap_intersect(new->cap_ambient, cap_intersect(*permitted, *inheritable)); if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EINVAL; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_need_killpriv - Determine if inode change affects privileges * @dentry: The inode/dentry in being changed with change marked ATTR_KILL_PRIV * * Determine if an inode having a change applied that's marked ATTR_KILL_PRIV * affects the security markings on that inode, and if it is, should * inode_killpriv() be invoked or the change rejected. * * Returns 1 if security.capability has a value, meaning inode_killpriv() * is required, 0 otherwise, meaning inode_killpriv() is not required. */ int cap_inode_need_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); int error; error = __vfs_getxattr(dentry, inode, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, NULL, 0); return error > 0; } /** * cap_inode_killpriv - Erase the security markings on an inode * @dentry: The inode/dentry to alter * * Erase the privilege-enhancing security markings on an inode. * * Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int cap_inode_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry) { int error; error = __vfs_removexattr(dentry, XATTR_NAME_CAPS); if (error == -EOPNOTSUPP) error = 0; return error; } static bool rootid_owns_currentns(kuid_t kroot) { struct user_namespace *ns; if (!uid_valid(kroot)) return false; for (ns = current_user_ns(); ; ns = ns->parent) { if (from_kuid(ns, kroot) == 0) return true; if (ns == &init_user_ns) break; } return false; } static __u32 sansflags(__u32 m) { return m & ~VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; } static bool is_v2header(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) return false; return sansflags(le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc)) == VFS_CAP_REVISION_2; } static bool is_v3header(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) return false; return sansflags(le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc)) == VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; } /* * getsecurity: We are called for security.* before any attempt to read the * xattr from the inode itself. * * This gives us a chance to read the on-disk value and convert it. If we * return -EOPNOTSUPP, then vfs_getxattr() will call the i_op handler. * * Note we are not called by vfs_getxattr_alloc(), but that is only called * by the integrity subsystem, which really wants the unconverted values - * so that's good. */ int cap_inode_getsecurity(struct inode *inode, const char *name, void **buffer, bool alloc) { int size, ret; kuid_t kroot; u32 nsmagic, magic; uid_t root, mappedroot; char *tmpbuf = NULL; struct vfs_cap_data *cap; struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap = NULL; struct dentry *dentry; struct user_namespace *fs_ns; if (strcmp(name, "capability") != 0) return -EOPNOTSUPP; dentry = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (!dentry) return -EINVAL; size = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); ret = (int) vfs_getxattr_alloc(dentry, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, &tmpbuf, size, GFP_NOFS); dput(dentry); if (ret < 0 || !tmpbuf) return ret; fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; cap = (struct vfs_cap_data *) tmpbuf; if (is_v2header((size_t) ret, cap)) { root = 0; } else if (is_v3header((size_t) ret, cap)) { nscap = (struct vfs_ns_cap_data *) tmpbuf; root = le32_to_cpu(nscap->rootid); } else { size = -EINVAL; goto out_free; } kroot = make_kuid(fs_ns, root); /* If the root kuid maps to a valid uid in current ns, then return * this as a nscap. */ mappedroot = from_kuid(current_user_ns(), kroot); if (mappedroot != (uid_t)-1 && mappedroot != (uid_t)0) { size = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); if (alloc) { if (!nscap) { /* v2 -> v3 conversion */ nscap = kzalloc(size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!nscap) { size = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } nsmagic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; magic = le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc); if (magic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) nsmagic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; memcpy(&nscap->data, &cap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); nscap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(nsmagic); } else { /* use allocated v3 buffer */ tmpbuf = NULL; } nscap->rootid = cpu_to_le32(mappedroot); *buffer = nscap; } goto out_free; } if (!rootid_owns_currentns(kroot)) { size = -EOVERFLOW; goto out_free; } /* This comes from a parent namespace. Return as a v2 capability */ size = sizeof(struct vfs_cap_data); if (alloc) { if (nscap) { /* v3 -> v2 conversion */ cap = kzalloc(size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!cap) { size = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } magic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_2; nsmagic = le32_to_cpu(nscap->magic_etc); if (nsmagic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) magic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; memcpy(&cap->data, &nscap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); cap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(magic); } else { /* use unconverted v2 */ tmpbuf = NULL; } *buffer = cap; } out_free: kfree(tmpbuf); return size; } static kuid_t rootid_from_xattr(const void *value, size_t size, struct user_namespace *task_ns) { const struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap = value; uid_t rootid = 0; if (size == XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) rootid = le32_to_cpu(nscap->rootid); return make_kuid(task_ns, rootid); } static bool validheader(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { return is_v2header(size, cap) || is_v3header(size, cap); } /* * User requested a write of security.capability. If needed, update the * xattr to change from v2 to v3, or to fixup the v3 rootid. * * If all is ok, we return the new size, on error return < 0. */ int cap_convert_nscap(struct dentry *dentry, void **ivalue, size_t size) { struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap; uid_t nsrootid; const struct vfs_cap_data *cap = *ivalue; __u32 magic, nsmagic; struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); struct user_namespace *task_ns = current_user_ns(), *fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; kuid_t rootid; size_t newsize; if (!*ivalue) return -EINVAL; if (!validheader(size, cap)) return -EINVAL; if (!capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_SETFCAP)) return -EPERM; if (size == XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) if (ns_capable(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SETFCAP)) /* user is privileged, just write the v2 */ return size; rootid = rootid_from_xattr(*ivalue, size, task_ns); if (!uid_valid(rootid)) return -EINVAL; nsrootid = from_kuid(fs_ns, rootid); if (nsrootid == -1) return -EINVAL; newsize = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); nscap = kmalloc(newsize, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!nscap) return -ENOMEM; nscap->rootid = cpu_to_le32(nsrootid); nsmagic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; magic = le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc); if (magic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) nsmagic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; nscap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(nsmagic); memcpy(&nscap->data, &cap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); kvfree(*ivalue); *ivalue = nscap; return newsize; } /* * Calculate the new process capability sets from the capability sets attached * to a file. */ static inline int bprm_caps_from_vfs_caps(struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *caps, struct linux_binprm *bprm, bool *effective, bool *has_fcap) { struct cred *new = bprm->cred; unsigned i; int ret = 0; if (caps->magic_etc & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) *effective = true; if (caps->magic_etc & VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK) *has_fcap = true; CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(i) { __u32 permitted = caps->permitted.cap[i]; __u32 inheritable = caps->inheritable.cap[i]; /* * pP' = (X & fP) | (pI & fI) * The addition of pA' is handled later. */ new->cap_permitted.cap[i] = (new->cap_bset.cap[i] & permitted) | (new->cap_inheritable.cap[i] & inheritable); if (permitted & ~new->cap_permitted.cap[i]) /* insufficient to execute correctly */ ret = -EPERM; } /* * For legacy apps, with no internal support for recognizing they * do not have enough capabilities, we return an error if they are * missing some "forced" (aka file-permitted) capabilities. */ return *effective ? ret : 0; } /* * Extract the on-exec-apply capability sets for an executable file. */ int get_vfs_caps_from_disk(const struct dentry *dentry, struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *cpu_caps) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); __u32 magic_etc; unsigned tocopy, i; int size; struct vfs_ns_cap_data data, *nscaps = &data; struct vfs_cap_data *caps = (struct vfs_cap_data *) &data; kuid_t rootkuid; struct user_namespace *fs_ns; memset(cpu_caps, 0, sizeof(struct cpu_vfs_cap_data)); if (!inode) return -ENODATA; fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; size = __vfs_getxattr((struct dentry *)dentry, inode, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, &data, XATTR_CAPS_SZ); if (size == -ENODATA || size == -EOPNOTSUPP) /* no data, that's ok */ return -ENODATA; if (size < 0) return size; if (size < sizeof(magic_etc)) return -EINVAL; cpu_caps->magic_etc = magic_etc = le32_to_cpu(caps->magic_etc); rootkuid = make_kuid(fs_ns, 0); switch (magic_etc & VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK) { case VFS_CAP_REVISION_1: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_1) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_1; break; case VFS_CAP_REVISION_2: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_2; break; case VFS_CAP_REVISION_3: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_3; rootkuid = make_kuid(fs_ns, le32_to_cpu(nscaps->rootid)); break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* Limit the caps to the mounter of the filesystem * or the more limited uid specified in the xattr. */ if (!rootid_owns_currentns(rootkuid)) return -ENODATA; CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(i) { if (i >= tocopy) break; cpu_caps->permitted.cap[i] = le32_to_cpu(caps->data[i].permitted); cpu_caps->inheritable.cap[i] = le32_to_cpu(caps->data[i].inheritable); } cpu_caps->permitted.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; cpu_caps->inheritable.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; cpu_caps->rootid = rootkuid; return 0; } /* * Attempt to get the on-exec apply capability sets for an executable file from * its xattrs and, if present, apply them to the proposed credentials being * constructed by execve(). */ static int get_file_caps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file, bool *effective, bool *has_fcap) { int rc = 0; struct cpu_vfs_cap_data vcaps; cap_clear(bprm->cred->cap_permitted); if (!file_caps_enabled) return 0; if (!mnt_may_suid(file->f_path.mnt)) return 0; /* * This check is redundant with mnt_may_suid() but is kept to make * explicit that capability bits are limited to s_user_ns and its * descendants. */ if (!current_in_userns(file->f_path.mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns)) return 0; rc = get_vfs_caps_from_disk(file->f_path.dentry, &vcaps); if (rc < 0) { if (rc == -EINVAL) printk(KERN_NOTICE "Invalid argument reading file caps for %s\n", bprm->filename); else if (rc == -ENODATA) rc = 0; goto out; } rc = bprm_caps_from_vfs_caps(&vcaps, bprm, effective, has_fcap); out: if (rc) cap_clear(bprm->cred->cap_permitted); return rc; } static inline bool root_privileged(void) { return !issecure(SECURE_NOROOT); } static inline bool __is_real(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return uid_eq(cred->uid, uid); } static inline bool __is_eff(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return uid_eq(cred->euid, uid); } static inline bool __is_suid(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return !__is_real(uid, cred) && __is_eff(uid, cred); } /* * handle_privileged_root - Handle case of privileged root * @bprm: The execution parameters, including the proposed creds * @has_fcap: Are any file capabilities set? * @effective: Do we have effective root privilege? * @root_uid: This namespace' root UID WRT initial USER namespace * * Handle the case where root is privileged and hasn't been neutered by * SECURE_NOROOT. If file capabilities are set, they won't be combined with * set UID root and nothing is changed. If we are root, cap_permitted is * updated. If we have become set UID root, the effective bit is set. */ static void handle_privileged_root(struct linux_binprm *bprm, bool has_fcap, bool *effective, kuid_t root_uid) { const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new = bprm->cred; if (!root_privileged()) return; /* * If the legacy file capability is set, then don't set privs * for a setuid root binary run by a non-root user. Do set it * for a root user just to cause least surprise to an admin. */ if (has_fcap && __is_suid(root_uid, new)) { warn_setuid_and_fcaps_mixed(bprm->filename); return; } /* * To support inheritance of root-permissions and suid-root * executables under compatibility mode, we override the * capability sets for the file. */ if (__is_eff(root_uid, new) || __is_real(root_uid, new)) { /* pP' = (cap_bset & ~0) | (pI & ~0) */ new->cap_permitted = cap_combine(old->cap_bset, old->cap_inheritable); } /* * If only the real uid is 0, we do not set the effective bit. */ if (__is_eff(root_uid, new)) *effective = true; } #define __cap_gained(field, target, source) \ !cap_issubset(target->cap_##field, source->cap_##field) #define __cap_grew(target, source, cred) \ !cap_issubset(cred->cap_##target, cred->cap_##source) #define __cap_full(field, cred) \ cap_issubset(CAP_FULL_SET, cred->cap_##field) static inline bool __is_setuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return !uid_eq(new->euid, old->uid); } static inline bool __is_setgid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return !gid_eq(new->egid, old->gid); } /* * 1) Audit candidate if current->cap_effective is set * * We do not bother to audit if 3 things are true: * 1) cap_effective has all caps * 2) we became root *OR* are were already root * 3) root is supposed to have all caps (SECURE_NOROOT) * Since this is just a normal root execing a process. * * Number 1 above might fail if you don't have a full bset, but I think * that is interesting information to audit. * * A number of other conditions require logging: * 2) something prevented setuid root getting all caps * 3) non-setuid root gets fcaps * 4) non-setuid root gets ambient */ static inline bool nonroot_raised_pE(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, kuid_t root, bool has_fcap) { bool ret = false; if ((__cap_grew(effective, ambient, new) && !(__cap_full(effective, new) && (__is_eff(root, new) || __is_real(root, new)) && root_privileged())) || (root_privileged() && __is_suid(root, new) && !__cap_full(effective, new)) || (!__is_setuid(new, old) && ((has_fcap && __cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) || __cap_gained(ambient, new, old)))) ret = true; return ret; } /** * cap_bprm_creds_from_file - Set up the proposed credentials for execve(). * @bprm: The execution parameters, including the proposed creds * @file: The file to pull the credentials from * * Set up the proposed credentials for a new execution context being * constructed by execve(). The proposed creds in @bprm->cred is altered, * which won't take effect immediately. Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int cap_bprm_creds_from_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file) { /* Process setpcap binaries and capabilities for uid 0 */ const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new = bprm->cred; bool effective = false, has_fcap = false, is_setid; int ret; kuid_t root_uid; if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(old))) return -EPERM; ret = get_file_caps(bprm, file, &effective, &has_fcap); if (ret < 0) return ret; root_uid = make_kuid(new->user_ns, 0); handle_privileged_root(bprm, has_fcap, &effective, root_uid); /* if we have fs caps, clear dangerous personality flags */ if (__cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) bprm->per_clear |= PER_CLEAR_ON_SETID; /* Don't let someone trace a set[ug]id/setpcap binary with the revised * credentials unless they have the appropriate permit. * * In addition, if NO_NEW_PRIVS, then ensure we get no new privs. */ is_setid = __is_setuid(new, old) || __is_setgid(new, old); if ((is_setid || __cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) && ((bprm->unsafe & ~LSM_UNSAFE_PTRACE) || !ptracer_capable(current, new->user_ns))) { /* downgrade; they get no more than they had, and maybe less */ if (!ns_capable(new->user_ns, CAP_SETUID) || (bprm->unsafe & LSM_UNSAFE_NO_NEW_PRIVS)) { new->euid = new->uid; new->egid = new->gid; } new->cap_permitted = cap_intersect(new->cap_permitted, old->cap_permitted); } new->suid = new->fsuid = new->euid; new->sgid = new->fsgid = new->egid; /* File caps or setid cancels ambient. */ if (has_fcap || is_setid) cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); /* * Now that we've computed pA', update pP' to give: * pP' = (X & fP) | (pI & fI) | pA' */ new->cap_permitted = cap_combine(new->cap_permitted, new->cap_ambient); /* * Set pE' = (fE ? pP' : pA'). Because pA' is zero if fE is set, * this is the same as pE' = (fE ? pP' : 0) | pA'. */ if (effective) new->cap_effective = new->cap_permitted; else new->cap_effective = new->cap_ambient; if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EPERM; if (nonroot_raised_pE(new, old, root_uid, has_fcap)) { ret = audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, new, old); if (ret < 0) return ret; } new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EPERM; /* Check for privilege-elevated exec. */ if (is_setid || (!__is_real(root_uid, new) && (effective || __cap_grew(permitted, ambient, new)))) bprm->secureexec = 1; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_setxattr - Determine whether an xattr may be altered * @dentry: The inode/dentry being altered * @name: The name of the xattr to be changed * @value: The value that the xattr will be changed to * @size: The size of value * @flags: The replacement flag * * Determine whether an xattr may be altered or set on an inode, returning 0 if * permission is granted, -ve if denied. * * This is used to make sure security xattrs don't get updated or set by those * who aren't privileged to do so. */ int cap_inode_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; /* Ignore non-security xattrs */ if (strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN) != 0) return 0; /* * For XATTR_NAME_CAPS the check will be done in * cap_convert_nscap(), called by setxattr() */ if (strcmp(name, XATTR_NAME_CAPS) == 0) return 0; if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_removexattr - Determine whether an xattr may be removed * @dentry: The inode/dentry being altered * @name: The name of the xattr to be changed * * Determine whether an xattr may be removed from an inode, returning 0 if * permission is granted, -ve if denied. * * This is used to make sure security xattrs don't get removed by those who * aren't privileged to remove them. */ int cap_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; /* Ignore non-security xattrs */ if (strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN) != 0) return 0; if (strcmp(name, XATTR_NAME_CAPS) == 0) { /* security.capability gets namespaced */ struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); if (!inode) return -EINVAL; if (!capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_SETFCAP)) return -EPERM; return 0; } if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /* * cap_emulate_setxuid() fixes the effective / permitted capabilities of * a process after a call to setuid, setreuid, or setresuid. * * 1) When set*uiding _from_ one of {r,e,s}uid == 0 _to_ all of * {r,e,s}uid != 0, the permitted and effective capabilities are * cleared. * * 2) When set*uiding _from_ euid == 0 _to_ euid != 0, the effective * capabilities of the process are cleared. * * 3) When set*uiding _from_ euid != 0 _to_ euid == 0, the effective * capabilities are set to the permitted capabilities. * * fsuid is handled elsewhere. fsuid == 0 and {r,e,s}uid!= 0 should * never happen. * * -astor * * cevans - New behaviour, Oct '99 * A process may, via prctl(), elect to keep its capabilities when it * calls setuid() and switches away from uid==0. Both permitted and * effective sets will be retained. * Without this change, it was impossible for a daemon to drop only some * of its privilege. The call to setuid(!=0) would drop all privileges! * Keeping uid 0 is not an option because uid 0 owns too many vital * files.. * Thanks to Olaf Kirch and Peter Benie for spotting this. */ static inline void cap_emulate_setxuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(old->user_ns, 0); if ((uid_eq(old->uid, root_uid) || uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) || uid_eq(old->suid, root_uid)) && (!uid_eq(new->uid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->suid, root_uid))) { if (!issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS)) { cap_clear(new->cap_permitted); cap_clear(new->cap_effective); } /* * Pre-ambient programs expect setresuid to nonroot followed * by exec to drop capabilities. We should make sure that * this remains the case. */ cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); } if (uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid)) cap_clear(new->cap_effective); if (!uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) && uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = new->cap_permitted; } /** * cap_task_fix_setuid - Fix up the results of setuid() call * @new: The proposed credentials * @old: The current task's current credentials * @flags: Indications of what has changed * * Fix up the results of setuid() call before the credential changes are * actually applied, returning 0 to grant the changes, -ve to deny them. */ int cap_task_fix_setuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, int flags) { switch (flags) { case LSM_SETID_RE: case LSM_SETID_ID: case LSM_SETID_RES: /* juggle the capabilities to follow [RES]UID changes unless * otherwise suppressed */ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) cap_emulate_setxuid(new, old); break; case LSM_SETID_FS: /* juggle the capabilties to follow FSUID changes, unless * otherwise suppressed * * FIXME - is fsuser used for all CAP_FS_MASK capabilities? * if not, we might be a bit too harsh here. */ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) { kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(old->user_ns, 0); if (uid_eq(old->fsuid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->fsuid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = cap_drop_fs_set(new->cap_effective); if (!uid_eq(old->fsuid, root_uid) && uid_eq(new->fsuid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = cap_raise_fs_set(new->cap_effective, new->cap_permitted); } break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * Rationale: code calling task_setscheduler, task_setioprio, and * task_setnice, assumes that * . if capable(cap_sys_nice), then those actions should be allowed * . if not capable(cap_sys_nice), but acting on your own processes, * then those actions should be allowed * This is insufficient now since you can call code without suid, but * yet with increased caps. * So we check for increased caps on the target process. */ static int cap_safe_nice(struct task_struct *p) { int is_subset, ret = 0; rcu_read_lock(); is_subset = cap_issubset(__task_cred(p)->cap_permitted, current_cred()->cap_permitted); if (!is_subset && !ns_capable(__task_cred(p)->user_ns, CAP_SYS_NICE)) ret = -EPERM; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_task_setscheduler - Detemine if scheduler policy change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * * Detemine if the requested scheduler policy change is permitted for the * specified task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setscheduler(struct task_struct *p) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /** * cap_task_ioprio - Detemine if I/O priority change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * @ioprio: The I/O priority to set * * Detemine if the requested I/O priority change is permitted for the specified * task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setioprio(struct task_struct *p, int ioprio) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /** * cap_task_ioprio - Detemine if task priority change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * @nice: The nice value to set * * Detemine if the requested task priority change is permitted for the * specified task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setnice(struct task_struct *p, int nice) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /* * Implement PR_CAPBSET_DROP. Attempt to remove the specified capability from * the current task's bounding set. Returns 0 on success, -ve on error. */ static int cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap) { struct cred *new; if (!ns_capable(current_user_ns(), CAP_SETPCAP)) return -EPERM; if (!cap_valid(cap)) return -EINVAL; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; cap_lower(new->cap_bset, cap); return commit_creds(new); } /** * cap_task_prctl - Implement process control functions for this security module * @option: The process control function requested * @arg2, @arg3, @arg4, @arg5: The argument data for this function * * Allow process control functions (sys_prctl()) to alter capabilities; may * also deny access to other functions not otherwise implemented here. * * Returns 0 or +ve on success, -ENOSYS if this function is not implemented * here, other -ve on error. If -ENOSYS is returned, sys_prctl() and other LSM * modules will consider performing the function. */ int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3, unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5) { const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new; switch (option) { case PR_CAPBSET_READ: if (!cap_valid(arg2)) return -EINVAL; return !!cap_raised(old->cap_bset, arg2); case PR_CAPBSET_DROP: return cap_prctl_drop(arg2); /* * The next four prctl's remain to assist with transitioning a * system from legacy UID=0 based privilege (when filesystem * capabilities are not in use) to a system using filesystem * capabilities only - as the POSIX.1e draft intended. * * Note: * * PR_SET_SECUREBITS = * issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT_LOCKED) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP_LOCKED) * * will ensure that the current process and all of its * children will be locked into a pure * capability-based-privilege environment. */ case PR_SET_SECUREBITS: if ((((old->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS) >> 1) & (old->securebits ^ arg2)) /*[1]*/ || ((old->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS & ~arg2)) /*[2]*/ || (arg2 & ~(SECURE_ALL_LOCKS | SECURE_ALL_BITS)) /*[3]*/ || (cap_capable(current_cred(), current_cred()->user_ns, CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_OPT_NONE) != 0) /*[4]*/ /* * [1] no changing of bits that are locked * [2] no unlocking of locks * [3] no setting of unsupported bits * [4] doing anything requires privilege (go read about * the "sendmail capabilities bug") */ ) /* cannot change a locked bit */ return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; new->securebits = arg2; return commit_creds(new); case PR_GET_SECUREBITS: return old->securebits; case PR_GET_KEEPCAPS: return !!issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); case PR_SET_KEEPCAPS: if (arg2 > 1) /* Note, we rely on arg2 being unsigned here */ return -EINVAL; if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED)) return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (arg2) new->securebits |= issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); else new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); return commit_creds(new); case PR_CAP_AMBIENT: if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_CLEAR_ALL) { if (arg3 | arg4 | arg5) return -EINVAL; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); return commit_creds(new); } if (((!cap_valid(arg3)) | arg4 | arg5)) return -EINVAL; if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_IS_SET) { return !!cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_ambient, arg3); } else if (arg2 != PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE && arg2 != PR_CAP_AMBIENT_LOWER) { return -EINVAL; } else { if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE && (!cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_permitted, arg3) || !cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_inheritable, arg3) || issecure(SECURE_NO_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE))) return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE) cap_raise(new->cap_ambient, arg3); else cap_lower(new->cap_ambient, arg3); return commit_creds(new); } default: /* No functionality available - continue with default */ return -ENOSYS; } } /** * cap_vm_enough_memory - Determine whether a new virtual mapping is permitted * @mm: The VM space in which the new mapping is to be made * @pages: The size of the mapping * * Determine whether the allocation of a new virtual mapping by the current * task is permitted, returning 1 if permission is granted, 0 if not. */ int cap_vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages) { int cap_sys_admin = 0; if (cap_capable(current_cred(), &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT) == 0) cap_sys_admin = 1; return cap_sys_admin; } /* * cap_mmap_addr - check if able to map given addr * @addr: address attempting to be mapped * * If the process is attempting to map memory below dac_mmap_min_addr they need * CAP_SYS_RAWIO. The other parameters to this function are unused by the * capability security module. Returns 0 if this mapping should be allowed * -EPERM if not. */ int cap_mmap_addr(unsigned long addr) { int ret = 0; if (addr < dac_mmap_min_addr) { ret = cap_capable(current_cred(), &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_RAWIO, CAP_OPT_NONE); /* set PF_SUPERPRIV if it turns out we allow the low mmap */ if (ret == 0) current->flags |= PF_SUPERPRIV; } return ret; } int cap_mmap_file(struct file *file, unsigned long reqprot, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY static struct security_hook_list capability_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = { LSM_HOOK_INIT(capable, cap_capable), LSM_HOOK_INIT(settime, cap_settime), LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_access_check, cap_ptrace_access_check), LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_traceme, cap_ptrace_traceme), LSM_HOOK_INIT(capget, cap_capget), LSM_HOOK_INIT(capset, cap_capset), LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_creds_from_file, cap_bprm_creds_from_file), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_need_killpriv, cap_inode_need_killpriv), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_killpriv, cap_inode_killpriv), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_getsecurity, cap_inode_getsecurity), LSM_HOOK_INIT(mmap_addr, cap_mmap_addr), LSM_HOOK_INIT(mmap_file, cap_mmap_file), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_fix_setuid, cap_task_fix_setuid), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_prctl, cap_task_prctl), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setscheduler, cap_task_setscheduler), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setioprio, cap_task_setioprio), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setnice, cap_task_setnice), LSM_HOOK_INIT(vm_enough_memory, cap_vm_enough_memory), }; static int __init capability_init(void) { security_add_hooks(capability_hooks, ARRAY_SIZE(capability_hooks), "capability"); return 0; } DEFINE_LSM(capability) = { .name = "capability", .order = LSM_ORDER_FIRST, .init = capability_init, }; #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * include/linux/idr.h * * 2002-10-18 written by Jim Houston jim.houston@ccur.com * Copyright (C) 2002 by Concurrent Computer Corporation * * Small id to pointer translation service avoiding fixed sized * tables. */ #ifndef __IDR_H__ #define __IDR_H__ #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> struct idr { struct radix_tree_root idr_rt; unsigned int idr_base; unsigned int idr_next; }; /* * The IDR API does not expose the tagging functionality of the radix tree * to users. Use tag 0 to track whether a node has free space below it. */ #define IDR_FREE 0 /* Set the IDR flag and the IDR_FREE tag */ #define IDR_RT_MARKER (ROOT_IS_IDR | (__force gfp_t) \ (1 << (ROOT_TAG_SHIFT + IDR_FREE))) #define IDR_INIT_BASE(name, base) { \ .idr_rt = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, IDR_RT_MARKER), \ .idr_base = (base), \ .idr_next = 0, \ } /** * IDR_INIT() - Initialise an IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * A freshly-initialised IDR contains no IDs. */ #define IDR_INIT(name) IDR_INIT_BASE(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_IDR() - Define a statically-allocated IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * An IDR defined using this macro is ready for use with no additional * initialisation required. It contains no IDs. */ #define DEFINE_IDR(name) struct idr name = IDR_INIT(name) /** * idr_get_cursor - Return the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * * The value returned is the value that will be next returned from * idr_alloc_cyclic() if it is free (otherwise the search will start from * this position). */ static inline unsigned int idr_get_cursor(const struct idr *idr) { return READ_ONCE(idr->idr_next); } /** * idr_set_cursor - Set the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * @val: new position * * The next call to idr_alloc_cyclic() will return @val if it is free * (otherwise the search will start from this position). */ static inline void idr_set_cursor(struct idr *idr, unsigned int val) { WRITE_ONCE(idr->idr_next, val); } /** * DOC: idr sync * idr synchronization (stolen from radix-tree.h) * * idr_find() is able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The caller must * ensure calls to this function are made within rcu_read_lock() regions. * Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be running * concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and * lifetimes of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically * this would mean that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to * lock-free access; and that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after * having been deleted from the idr tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace * period). */ #define idr_lock(idr) xa_lock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock(idr) xa_unlock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_bh(idr) xa_lock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_bh(idr) xa_unlock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irq(idr) xa_lock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_irq(idr) xa_unlock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irqsave(idr, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) #define idr_unlock_irqrestore(idr, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int idr_alloc(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); int __must_check idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *, void *ptr, u32 *id, unsigned long max, gfp_t); int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); void *idr_remove(struct idr *, unsigned long id); void *idr_find(const struct idr *, unsigned long id); int idr_for_each(const struct idr *, int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data); void *idr_get_next(struct idr *, int *nextid); void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *, unsigned long *nextid); void *idr_replace(struct idr *, void *, unsigned long id); void idr_destroy(struct idr *); /** * idr_init_base() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * @base: The base value for the IDR. * * This variation of idr_init() creates an IDR which will allocate IDs * starting at %base. */ static inline void idr_init_base(struct idr *idr, int base) { INIT_RADIX_TREE(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_RT_MARKER); idr->idr_base = base; idr->idr_next = 0; } /** * idr_init() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * * Initialise a dynamically allocated IDR. To initialise a * statically allocated IDR, use DEFINE_IDR(). */ static inline void idr_init(struct idr *idr) { idr_init_base(idr, 0); } /** * idr_is_empty() - Are there any IDs allocated? * @idr: IDR handle. * * Return: %true if any IDs have been allocated from this IDR. */ static inline bool idr_is_empty(const struct idr *idr) { return radix_tree_empty(&idr->idr_rt) && radix_tree_tagged(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_FREE); } /** * idr_preload_end - end preload section started with idr_preload() * * Each idr_preload() should be matched with an invocation of this * function. See idr_preload() for details. */ static inline void idr_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } /** * idr_for_each_entry() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry(idr, entry, id) \ for (id = 0; ((entry) = idr_get_next(idr, &(id))) != NULL; id += 1U) /** * idr_for_each_entry_ul() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = 0, id = 0; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue(idr, entry, id) \ for ((entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id)); \ entry; \ ++id, (entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id))) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = id; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /* * IDA - ID Allocator, use when translation from id to pointer isn't necessary. */ #define IDA_CHUNK_SIZE 128 /* 128 bytes per chunk */ #define IDA_BITMAP_LONGS (IDA_CHUNK_SIZE / sizeof(long)) #define IDA_BITMAP_BITS (IDA_BITMAP_LONGS * sizeof(long) * 8) struct ida_bitmap { unsigned long bitmap[IDA_BITMAP_LONGS]; }; struct ida { struct xarray xa; }; #define IDA_INIT_FLAGS (XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ | XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) #define IDA_INIT(name) { \ .xa = XARRAY_INIT(name, IDA_INIT_FLAGS) \ } #define DEFINE_IDA(name) struct ida name = IDA_INIT(name) int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t); void ida_free(struct ida *, unsigned int id); void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida); /** * ida_alloc() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc(struct ida *ida, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_min() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @min: Lowest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between @min and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_min(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, min, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_max() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @max: Highest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and @max, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_max(struct ida *ida, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, max, gfp); } static inline void ida_init(struct ida *ida) { xa_init_flags(&ida->xa, IDA_INIT_FLAGS); } /* * ida_simple_get() and ida_simple_remove() are deprecated. Use * ida_alloc() and ida_free() instead respectively. */ #define ida_simple_get(ida, start, end, gfp) \ ida_alloc_range(ida, start, (end) - 1, gfp) #define ida_simple_remove(ida, id) ida_free(ida, id) static inline bool ida_is_empty(const struct ida *ida) { return xa_empty(&ida->xa); } #endif /* __IDR_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic API. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2005 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct crypto_instance; struct crypto_template; struct crypto_larval { struct crypto_alg alg; struct crypto_alg *adult; struct completion completion; u32 mask; }; extern struct list_head crypto_alg_list; extern struct rw_semaphore crypto_alg_sem; extern struct blocking_notifier_head crypto_chain; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init crypto_init_proc(void); void __exit crypto_exit_proc(void); #else static inline void crypto_init_proc(void) { } static inline void crypto_exit_proc(void) { } #endif static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_compress_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } struct crypto_alg *crypto_mod_get(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_mod_lookup(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_larval *crypto_larval_alloc(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_larval_kill(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_alg_tested(const char *name, int err); void crypto_remove_spawns(struct crypto_alg *alg, struct list_head *list, struct crypto_alg *nalg); void crypto_remove_final(struct list_head *list); void crypto_shoot_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_tfm *__crypto_alloc_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_create_tfm_node(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend, int node); static inline void *crypto_create_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend) { return crypto_create_tfm_node(alg, frontend, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct crypto_alg *crypto_find_alg(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_alloc_tfm_node(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask, int node); static inline void *crypto_alloc_tfm(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask) { return crypto_alloc_tfm_node(alg_name, frontend, type, mask, NUMA_NO_NODE); } int crypto_probing_notify(unsigned long val, void *v); unsigned int crypto_alg_extsize(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_type_has_alg(const char *name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_get(struct crypto_alg *alg) { refcount_inc(&alg->cra_refcnt); return alg; } static inline void crypto_alg_put(struct crypto_alg *alg) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&alg->cra_refcnt) && alg->cra_destroy) alg->cra_destroy(alg); } static inline int crypto_tmpl_get(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { return try_module_get(tmpl->module); } static inline void crypto_tmpl_put(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { module_put(tmpl->module); } static inline int crypto_is_larval(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_LARVAL; } static inline int crypto_is_dead(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD; } static inline int crypto_is_moribund(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & (CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD | CRYPTO_ALG_DYING); } static inline void crypto_notify(unsigned long val, void *v) { blocking_notifier_call_chain(&crypto_chain, val, v); } static inline void crypto_yield(u32 flags) { if (flags & CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP) cond_resched(); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H */
19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Wireless configuration interface internals. * * Copyright 2006-2010 Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> * Copyright (C) 2018-2020 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_CORE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/rfkill.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/genetlink.h> #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include "reg.h" #define WIPHY_IDX_INVALID -1 struct cfg80211_registered_device { const struct cfg80211_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* rfkill support */ struct rfkill_ops rfkill_ops; struct rfkill *rfkill; struct work_struct rfkill_block; /* ISO / IEC 3166 alpha2 for which this device is receiving * country IEs on, this can help disregard country IEs from APs * on the same alpha2 quickly. The alpha2 may differ from * cfg80211_regdomain's alpha2 when an intersection has occurred. * If the AP is reconfigured this can also be used to tell us if * the country on the country IE changed. */ char country_ie_alpha2[2]; /* * the driver requests the regulatory core to set this regulatory * domain as the wiphy's. Only used for %REGULATORY_WIPHY_SELF_MANAGED * devices using the regulatory_set_wiphy_regd() API */ const struct ieee80211_regdomain *requested_regd; /* If a Country IE has been received this tells us the environment * which its telling us its in. This defaults to ENVIRON_ANY */ enum environment_cap env; /* wiphy index, internal only */ int wiphy_idx; /* protected by RTNL */ int devlist_generation, wdev_id; int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; struct list_head beacon_registrations; spinlock_t beacon_registrations_lock; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; int num_running_monitor_ifaces; u64 cookie_counter; /* BSSes/scanning */ spinlock_t bss_lock; struct list_head bss_list; struct rb_root bss_tree; u32 bss_generation; u32 bss_entries; struct cfg80211_scan_request *scan_req; /* protected by RTNL */ struct cfg80211_scan_request *int_scan_req; struct sk_buff *scan_msg; struct list_head sched_scan_req_list; time64_t suspend_at; struct work_struct scan_done_wk; struct genl_info *cur_cmd_info; struct work_struct conn_work; struct work_struct event_work; struct delayed_work dfs_update_channels_wk; /* netlink port which started critical protocol (0 means not started) */ u32 crit_proto_nlportid; struct cfg80211_coalesce *coalesce; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct work_struct sched_scan_stop_wk; struct work_struct sched_scan_res_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def radar_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_radar_detect_wk; struct cfg80211_chan_def cac_done_chandef; struct work_struct propagate_cac_done_wk; struct work_struct mgmt_registrations_update_wk; /* lock for all wdev lists */ spinlock_t mgmt_registrations_lock; /* must be last because of the way we do wiphy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wiphy wiphy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg80211_registered_device *wiphy_to_rdev(struct wiphy *wiphy) { BUG_ON(!wiphy); return container_of(wiphy, struct cfg80211_registered_device, wiphy); } static inline void cfg80211_rdev_free_wowlan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { #ifdef CONFIG_PM int i; if (!rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config) return; for (i = 0; i < rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->n_patterns; i++) kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns[i].mask); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->patterns); if (rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp && rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock) sock_release(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp->sock); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->tcp); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config->nd_config); kfree(rdev->wiphy.wowlan_config); #endif } static inline u64 cfg80211_assign_cookie(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { u64 r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; if (WARN_ON(r == 0)) r = ++rdev->cookie_counter; return r; } extern struct workqueue_struct *cfg80211_wq; extern struct list_head cfg80211_rdev_list; extern int cfg80211_rdev_list_generation; struct cfg80211_internal_bss { struct list_head list; struct list_head hidden_list; struct rb_node rbn; u64 ts_boottime; unsigned long ts; unsigned long refcount; atomic_t hold; /* time at the start of the reception of the first octet of the * timestamp field of the last beacon/probe received for this BSS. * The time is the TSF of the BSS specified by %parent_bssid. */ u64 parent_tsf; /* the BSS according to which %parent_tsf is set. This is set to * the BSS that the interface that requested the scan was connected to * when the beacon/probe was received. */ u8 parent_bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); /* must be last because of priv member */ struct cfg80211_bss pub; }; static inline struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss_from_pub(struct cfg80211_bss *pub) { return container_of(pub, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); } static inline void cfg80211_hold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { atomic_inc(&bss->hold); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); atomic_inc(&bss->hold); } } static inline void cfg80211_unhold_bss(struct cfg80211_internal_bss *bss) { int r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); if (bss->pub.transmitted_bss) { bss = container_of(bss->pub.transmitted_bss, struct cfg80211_internal_bss, pub); r = atomic_dec_return(&bss->hold); WARN_ON(r < 0); } } struct cfg80211_registered_device *cfg80211_rdev_by_wiphy_idx(int wiphy_idx); int get_wiphy_idx(struct wiphy *wiphy); struct wiphy *wiphy_idx_to_wiphy(int wiphy_idx); int cfg80211_switch_netns(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); void cfg80211_init_wdev(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_register_wdev(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); static inline void wdev_lock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __acquires(wdev) { mutex_lock(&wdev->mtx); __acquire(wdev->mtx); } static inline void wdev_unlock(struct wireless_dev *wdev) __releases(wdev) { __release(wdev->mtx); mutex_unlock(&wdev->mtx); } #define ASSERT_WDEV_LOCK(wdev) lockdep_assert_held(&(wdev)->mtx) static inline bool cfg80211_has_monitors_only(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); return rdev->num_running_ifaces == rdev->num_running_monitor_ifaces && rdev->num_running_ifaces > 0; } enum cfg80211_event_type { EVENT_CONNECT_RESULT, EVENT_ROAMED, EVENT_DISCONNECTED, EVENT_IBSS_JOINED, EVENT_STOPPED, EVENT_PORT_AUTHORIZED, }; struct cfg80211_event { struct list_head list; enum cfg80211_event_type type; union { struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params cr; struct cfg80211_roam_info rm; struct { const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u16 reason; bool locally_generated; } dc; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; struct ieee80211_channel *channel; } ij; struct { u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; } pa; }; }; struct cfg80211_cached_keys { struct key_params params[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS]; u8 data[CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS][WLAN_KEY_LEN_WEP104]; int def; }; enum cfg80211_chan_mode { CHAN_MODE_UNDEFINED, CHAN_MODE_SHARED, CHAN_MODE_EXCLUSIVE, }; struct cfg80211_beacon_registration { struct list_head list; u32 nlportid; }; struct cfg80211_cqm_config { u32 rssi_hyst; s32 last_rssi_event_value; int n_rssi_thresholds; s32 rssi_thresholds[]; }; void cfg80211_destroy_ifaces(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* free object */ void cfg80211_dev_free(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); int cfg80211_dev_rename(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, char *newname); void ieee80211_set_bitrate_flags(struct wiphy *wiphy); void cfg80211_bss_expire(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_bss_age(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, unsigned long age_secs); void cfg80211_update_assoc_bss_entry(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); /* IBSS */ int __cfg80211_join_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_ibss_params *params, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys); void cfg80211_clear_ibss(struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int __cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); int cfg80211_leave_ibss(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool nowext); void __cfg80211_ibss_joined(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, struct ieee80211_channel *channel); int cfg80211_ibss_wext_join(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* mesh */ extern const struct mesh_config default_mesh_config; extern const struct mesh_setup default_mesh_setup; int __cfg80211_join_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct mesh_setup *setup, const struct mesh_config *conf); int __cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_mesh(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_set_mesh_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); /* OCB */ int __cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int cfg80211_join_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int __cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_leave_ocb(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); /* AP */ int __cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); int cfg80211_stop_ap(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, bool notify); /* MLME */ int cfg80211_mlme_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, enum nl80211_auth_type auth_type, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, const u8 *key, int key_len, int key_idx, const u8 *auth_data, int auth_data_len); int cfg80211_mlme_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ssid, int ssid_len, struct cfg80211_assoc_request *req); int cfg80211_mlme_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); int cfg80211_mlme_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *bssid, const u8 *ie, int ie_len, u16 reason, bool local_state_change); void cfg80211_mlme_down(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev); int cfg80211_mlme_register_mgmt(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 snd_pid, u16 frame_type, const u8 *match_data, int match_len, bool multicast_rx, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void cfg80211_mgmt_registrations_update_wk(struct work_struct *wk); void cfg80211_mlme_unregister_socket(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid); void cfg80211_mlme_purge_registrations(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_mlme_mgmt_tx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_mgmt_tx_params *params, u64 *cookie); void cfg80211_oper_and_ht_capa(struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa, const struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa_mask); void cfg80211_oper_and_vht_capa(struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa, const struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa_mask); /* SME events */ int cfg80211_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_params *connect, struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connkeys, const u8 *prev_bssid); void __cfg80211_connect_result(struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_disconnected(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, u16 reason, bool from_ap); int cfg80211_disconnect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, u16 reason, bool wextev); void __cfg80211_roamed(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info); void __cfg80211_port_authorized(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *bssid); int cfg80211_mgd_wext_connect(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_autodisconnect_wk(struct work_struct *work); /* SME implementation */ void cfg80211_conn_work(struct work_struct *work); void cfg80211_sme_scan_done(struct net_device *dev); bool cfg80211_sme_rx_assoc_resp(struct wireless_dev *wdev, u16 status); void cfg80211_sme_rx_auth(struct wireless_dev *wdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len); void cfg80211_sme_disassoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_deauth(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_auth_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_assoc_timeout(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_sme_abandon_assoc(struct wireless_dev *wdev); /* internal helpers */ bool cfg80211_supported_cipher_suite(struct wiphy *wiphy, u32 cipher); bool cfg80211_valid_key_idx(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, int key_idx, bool pairwise); int cfg80211_validate_key_settings(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct key_params *params, int key_idx, bool pairwise, const u8 *mac_addr); void __cfg80211_scan_done(struct work_struct *wk); void ___cfg80211_scan_done(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool send_message); void cfg80211_add_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req); int cfg80211_sched_scan_req_possible(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, bool want_multi); void cfg80211_sched_scan_results_wk(struct work_struct *work); int cfg80211_stop_sched_scan_req(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, bool driver_initiated); int __cfg80211_stop_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, u64 reqid, bool driver_initiated); void cfg80211_upload_connect_keys(struct wireless_dev *wdev); int cfg80211_change_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev, enum nl80211_iftype ntype, struct vif_params *params); void cfg80211_process_rdev_events(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); void cfg80211_process_wdev_events(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_does_bw_fit_range(const struct ieee80211_freq_range *freq_range, u32 center_freq_khz, u32 bw_khz); int cfg80211_scan(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); extern struct work_struct cfg80211_disconnect_work; /** * cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable - checks if chandef is DFS usable * @wiphy: the wiphy to validate against * @chandef: the channel definition to check * * Checks if chandef is usable and we can/need start CAC on such channel. * * Return: true if all channels available and at least * one channel requires CAC (NL80211_DFS_USABLE) */ bool cfg80211_chandef_dfs_usable(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_set_dfs_state(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_dfs_state dfs_state); void cfg80211_dfs_channels_update_work(struct work_struct *work); unsigned int cfg80211_chandef_dfs_cac_time(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void cfg80211_sched_dfs_chan_update(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); bool cfg80211_any_wiphy_oper_chan(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); bool cfg80211_beaconing_iface_active(struct wireless_dev *wdev); bool cfg80211_is_sub_chan(struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); static inline unsigned int elapsed_jiffies_msecs(unsigned long start) { unsigned long end = jiffies; if (end >= start) return jiffies_to_msecs(end - start); return jiffies_to_msecs(end + (ULONG_MAX - start) + 1); } void cfg80211_get_chan_state(struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel **chan, enum cfg80211_chan_mode *chanmode, u8 *radar_detect); int cfg80211_set_monitor_channel(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int ieee80211_get_ratemask(struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, const u8 *rates, unsi