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3567 3568 3569 3570 3571 3572 3573 3574 3575 3576 3577 3578 3579 3580 3581 3582 3583 3584 3585 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright (C) 1993 Linus Torvalds * Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG, July 1999 * SMP-safe vmalloc/vfree/ioremap, Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>, May 2000 * Major rework to support vmap/vunmap, Christoph Hellwig, SGI, August 2002 * Numa awareness, Christoph Lameter, SGI, June 2005 * Improving global KVA allocator, Uladzislau Rezki, Sony, May 2019 */ #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/set_memory.h> #include <linux/debugobjects.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/kmemleak.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/rbtree_augmented.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/shmparam.h> #include "internal.h" #include "pgalloc-track.h" bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x; return addr >= VMALLOC_START && addr < VMALLOC_END; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_vmalloc_addr); struct vfree_deferred { struct llist_head list; struct work_struct wq; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vfree_deferred, vfree_deferred); static void __vunmap(const void *, int); static void free_work(struct work_struct *w) { struct vfree_deferred *p = container_of(w, struct vfree_deferred, wq); struct llist_node *t, *llnode; llist_for_each_safe(llnode, t, llist_del_all(&p->list)) __vunmap((void *)llnode, 1); } /*** Page table manipulation functions ***/ static void vunmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr); do { pte_t ptent = ptep_get_and_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte); WARN_ON(!pte_none(ptent) && !pte_present(ptent)); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; } static void vunmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int cleared; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = pmd_clear_huge(pmd); if (cleared || pmd_bad(*pmd)) *mask |= PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; vunmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, mask); cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); } static void vunmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int cleared; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = pud_clear_huge(pud); if (cleared || pud_bad(*pud)) *mask |= PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; vunmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, mask); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); } static void vunmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int cleared; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = p4d_clear_huge(p4d); if (cleared || p4d_bad(*p4d)) *mask |= PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; vunmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next, mask); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); } /** * unmap_kernel_range_noflush - unmap kernel VM area * @start: start of the VM area to unmap * @size: size of the VM area to unmap * * Unmap PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size specify * should have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends. * * NOTE: * This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is responsible * for calling flush_cache_vunmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this * function and flush_tlb_kernel_range() after. */ void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { unsigned long end = start + size; unsigned long next; pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long addr = start; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_bad(*pgd)) mask |= PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED; if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; vunmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, &mask); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, end); } static int vmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; /* * nr is a running index into the array which helps higher level * callers keep track of where we're up to. */ pte = pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; do { struct page *page = pages[*nr]; if (WARN_ON(!pte_none(*pte))) return -EBUSY; if (WARN_ON(!page)) return -ENOMEM; set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); (*nr)++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; return 0; } static int vmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_alloc_track(&init_mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static int vmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_alloc_track(&init_mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static int vmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_alloc_track(&init_mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * map_kernel_range_noflush - map kernel VM area with the specified pages * @addr: start of the VM area to map * @size: size of the VM area to map * @prot: page protection flags to use * @pages: pages to map * * Map PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size specify should * have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends. * * NOTE: * This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is responsible for * calling flush_cache_vmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this * function. * * RETURNS: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { unsigned long start = addr; unsigned long end = addr + size; unsigned long next; pgd_t *pgd; int err = 0; int nr = 0; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_bad(*pgd)) mask |= PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED; err = vmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, prot, pages, &nr, &mask); if (err) return err; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, end); return 0; } int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { int ret; ret = map_kernel_range_noflush(start, size, prot, pages); flush_cache_vmap(start, start + size); return ret; } int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { /* * ARM, x86-64 and sparc64 put modules in a special place, * and fall back on vmalloc() if that fails. Others * just put it in the vmalloc space. */ #if defined(CONFIG_MODULES) && defined(MODULES_VADDR) unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x; if (addr >= MODULES_VADDR && addr < MODULES_END) return 1; #endif return is_vmalloc_addr(x); } /* * Walk a vmap address to the struct page it maps. */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *vmalloc_addr) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) vmalloc_addr; struct page *page = NULL; pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep, pte; /* * XXX we might need to change this if we add VIRTUAL_BUG_ON for * architectures that do not vmalloc module space */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(!is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(vmalloc_addr)); if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); /* * Don't dereference bad PUD or PMD (below) entries. This will also * identify huge mappings, which we may encounter on architectures * that define CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP=y. Such regions will be * identified as vmalloc addresses by is_vmalloc_addr(), but are * not [unambiguously] associated with a struct page, so there is * no correct value to return for them. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_bad(*pud)); if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_bad(*pud)) return NULL; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_bad(*pmd)); if (pmd_none(*pmd) || pmd_bad(*pmd)) return NULL; ptep = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr); pte = *ptep; if (pte_present(pte)) page = pte_page(pte); pte_unmap(ptep); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_page); /* * Map a vmalloc()-space virtual address to the physical page frame number. */ unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *vmalloc_addr) { return page_to_pfn(vmalloc_to_page(vmalloc_addr)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_pfn); /*** Global kva allocator ***/ #define DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK 0 #define DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK 0 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vmap_area_lock); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(free_vmap_area_lock); /* Export for kexec only */ LIST_HEAD(vmap_area_list); static LLIST_HEAD(vmap_purge_list); static struct rb_root vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT; static bool vmap_initialized __read_mostly; /* * This kmem_cache is used for vmap_area objects. Instead of * allocating from slab we reuse an object from this cache to * make things faster. Especially in "no edge" splitting of * free block. */ static struct kmem_cache *vmap_area_cachep; /* * This linked list is used in pair with free_vmap_area_root. * It gives O(1) access to prev/next to perform fast coalescing. */ static LIST_HEAD(free_vmap_area_list); /* * This augment red-black tree represents the free vmap space. * All vmap_area objects in this tree are sorted by va->va_start * address. It is used for allocation and merging when a vmap * object is released. * * Each vmap_area node contains a maximum available free block * of its sub-tree, right or left. Therefore it is possible to * find a lowest match of free area. */ static struct rb_root free_vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT; /* * Preload a CPU with one object for "no edge" split case. The * aim is to get rid of allocations from the atomic context, thus * to use more permissive allocation masks. */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmap_area *, ne_fit_preload_node); static __always_inline unsigned long va_size(struct vmap_area *va) { return (va->va_end - va->va_start); } static __always_inline unsigned long get_subtree_max_size(struct rb_node *node) { struct vmap_area *va; va = rb_entry_safe(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); return va ? va->subtree_max_size : 0; } /* * Gets called when remove the node and rotate. */ static __always_inline unsigned long compute_subtree_max_size(struct vmap_area *va) { return max3(va_size(va), get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_left), get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_right)); } RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS_MAX(static, free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb, struct vmap_area, rb_node, unsigned long, subtree_max_size, va_size) static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void); static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(vmap_notify_list); static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void); static atomic_long_t nr_vmalloc_pages; unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_vmalloc_pages); } static struct vmap_area *__find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr) { struct rb_node *n = vmap_area_root.rb_node; while (n) { struct vmap_area *va; va = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (addr < va->va_start) n = n->rb_left; else if (addr >= va->va_end) n = n->rb_right; else return va; } return NULL; } /* * This function returns back addresses of parent node * and its left or right link for further processing. * * Otherwise NULL is returned. In that case all further * steps regarding inserting of conflicting overlap range * have to be declined and actually considered as a bug. */ static __always_inline struct rb_node ** find_va_links(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *from, struct rb_node **parent) { struct vmap_area *tmp_va; struct rb_node **link; if (root) { link = &root->rb_node; if (unlikely(!*link)) { *parent = NULL; return link; } } else { link = &from; } /* * Go to the bottom of the tree. When we hit the last point * we end up with parent rb_node and correct direction, i name * it link, where the new va->rb_node will be attached to. */ do { tmp_va = rb_entry(*link, struct vmap_area, rb_node); /* * During the traversal we also do some sanity check. * Trigger the BUG() if there are sides(left/right) * or full overlaps. */ if (va->va_start < tmp_va->va_end && va->va_end <= tmp_va->va_start) link = &(*link)->rb_left; else if (va->va_end > tmp_va->va_start && va->va_start >= tmp_va->va_end) link = &(*link)->rb_right; else { WARN(1, "vmalloc bug: 0x%lx-0x%lx overlaps with 0x%lx-0x%lx\n", va->va_start, va->va_end, tmp_va->va_start, tmp_va->va_end); return NULL; } } while (*link); *parent = &tmp_va->rb_node; return link; } static __always_inline struct list_head * get_va_next_sibling(struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link) { struct list_head *list; if (unlikely(!parent)) /* * The red-black tree where we try to find VA neighbors * before merging or inserting is empty, i.e. it means * there is no free vmap space. Normally it does not * happen but we handle this case anyway. */ return NULL; list = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list; return (&parent->rb_right == link ? list->next : list); } static __always_inline void link_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link, struct list_head *head) { /* * VA is still not in the list, but we can * identify its future previous list_head node. */ if (likely(parent)) { head = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list; if (&parent->rb_right != link) head = head->prev; } /* Insert to the rb-tree */ rb_link_node(&va->rb_node, parent, link); if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) { /* * Some explanation here. Just perform simple insertion * to the tree. We do not set va->subtree_max_size to * its current size before calling rb_insert_augmented(). * It is because of we populate the tree from the bottom * to parent levels when the node _is_ in the tree. * * Therefore we set subtree_max_size to zero after insertion, * to let __augment_tree_propagate_from() puts everything to * the correct order later on. */ rb_insert_augmented(&va->rb_node, root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb); va->subtree_max_size = 0; } else { rb_insert_color(&va->rb_node, root); } /* Address-sort this list */ list_add(&va->list, head); } static __always_inline void unlink_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root) { if (WARN_ON(RB_EMPTY_NODE(&va->rb_node))) return; if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) rb_erase_augmented(&va->rb_node, root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb); else rb_erase(&va->rb_node, root); list_del(&va->list); RB_CLEAR_NODE(&va->rb_node); } #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK static void augment_tree_propagate_check(void) { struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long computed_size; list_for_each_entry(va, &free_vmap_area_list, list) { computed_size = compute_subtree_max_size(va); if (computed_size != va->subtree_max_size) pr_emerg("tree is corrupted: %lu, %lu\n", va_size(va), va->subtree_max_size); } } #endif /* * This function populates subtree_max_size from bottom to upper * levels starting from VA point. The propagation must be done * when VA size is modified by changing its va_start/va_end. Or * in case of newly inserting of VA to the tree. * * It means that __augment_tree_propagate_from() must be called: * - After VA has been inserted to the tree(free path); * - After VA has been shrunk(allocation path); * - After VA has been increased(merging path). * * Please note that, it does not mean that upper parent nodes * and their subtree_max_size are recalculated all the time up * to the root node. * * 4--8 * /\ * / \ * / \ * 2--2 8--8 * * For example if we modify the node 4, shrinking it to 2, then * no any modification is required. If we shrink the node 2 to 1 * its subtree_max_size is updated only, and set to 1. If we shrink * the node 8 to 6, then its subtree_max_size is set to 6 and parent * node becomes 4--6. */ static __always_inline void augment_tree_propagate_from(struct vmap_area *va) { /* * Populate the tree from bottom towards the root until * the calculated maximum available size of checked node * is equal to its current one. */ free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb_propagate(&va->rb_node, NULL); #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK augment_tree_propagate_check(); #endif } static void insert_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (link) link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); } static void insert_vmap_area_augment(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_node *from, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; if (from) link = find_va_links(va, NULL, from, &parent); else link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (link) { link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); augment_tree_propagate_from(va); } } /* * Merge de-allocated chunk of VA memory with previous * and next free blocks. If coalesce is not done a new * free area is inserted. If VA has been merged, it is * freed. * * Please note, it can return NULL in case of overlap * ranges, followed by WARN() report. Despite it is a * buggy behaviour, a system can be alive and keep * ongoing. */ static __always_inline struct vmap_area * merge_or_add_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct vmap_area *sibling; struct list_head *next; struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; bool merged = false; /* * Find a place in the tree where VA potentially will be * inserted, unless it is merged with its sibling/siblings. */ link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (!link) return NULL; /* * Get next node of VA to check if merging can be done. */ next = get_va_next_sibling(parent, link); if (unlikely(next == NULL)) goto insert; /* * start end * | | * |<------VA------>|<-----Next----->| * | | * start end */ if (next != head) { sibling = list_entry(next, struct vmap_area, list); if (sibling->va_start == va->va_end) { sibling->va_start = va->va_start; /* Free vmap_area object. */ kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); /* Point to the new merged area. */ va = sibling; merged = true; } } /* * start end * | | * |<-----Prev----->|<------VA------>| * | | * start end */ if (next->prev != head) { sibling = list_entry(next->prev, struct vmap_area, list); if (sibling->va_end == va->va_start) { /* * If both neighbors are coalesced, it is important * to unlink the "next" node first, followed by merging * with "previous" one. Otherwise the tree might not be * fully populated if a sibling's augmented value is * "normalized" because of rotation operations. */ if (merged) unlink_va(va, root); sibling->va_end = va->va_end; /* Free vmap_area object. */ kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); /* Point to the new merged area. */ va = sibling; merged = true; } } insert: if (!merged) link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); /* * Last step is to check and update the tree. */ augment_tree_propagate_from(va); return va; } static __always_inline bool is_within_this_va(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { unsigned long nva_start_addr; if (va->va_start > vstart) nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align); else nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align); /* Can be overflowed due to big size or alignment. */ if (nva_start_addr + size < nva_start_addr || nva_start_addr < vstart) return false; return (nva_start_addr + size <= va->va_end); } /* * Find the first free block(lowest start address) in the tree, * that will accomplish the request corresponding to passing * parameters. */ static __always_inline struct vmap_area * find_vmap_lowest_match(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { struct vmap_area *va; struct rb_node *node; unsigned long length; /* Start from the root. */ node = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node; /* Adjust the search size for alignment overhead. */ length = size + align - 1; while (node) { va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_left) >= length && vstart < va->va_start) { node = node->rb_left; } else { if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) return va; /* * Does not make sense to go deeper towards the right * sub-tree if it does not have a free block that is * equal or bigger to the requested search length. */ if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length) { node = node->rb_right; continue; } /* * OK. We roll back and find the first right sub-tree, * that will satisfy the search criteria. It can happen * only once due to "vstart" restriction. */ while ((node = rb_parent(node))) { va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) return va; if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length && vstart <= va->va_start) { node = node->rb_right; break; } } } } return NULL; } #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK #include <linux/random.h> static struct vmap_area * find_vmap_lowest_linear_match(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { struct vmap_area *va; list_for_each_entry(va, &free_vmap_area_list, list) { if (!is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) continue; return va; } return NULL; } static void find_vmap_lowest_match_check(unsigned long size) { struct vmap_area *va_1, *va_2; unsigned long vstart; unsigned int rnd; get_random_bytes(&rnd, sizeof(rnd)); vstart = VMALLOC_START + rnd; va_1 = find_vmap_lowest_match(size, 1, vstart); va_2 = find_vmap_lowest_linear_match(size, 1, vstart); if (va_1 != va_2) pr_emerg("not lowest: t: 0x%p, l: 0x%p, v: 0x%lx\n", va_1, va_2, vstart); } #endif enum fit_type { NOTHING_FIT = 0, FL_FIT_TYPE = 1, /* full fit */ LE_FIT_TYPE = 2, /* left edge fit */ RE_FIT_TYPE = 3, /* right edge fit */ NE_FIT_TYPE = 4 /* no edge fit */ }; static __always_inline enum fit_type classify_va_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size) { enum fit_type type; /* Check if it is within VA. */ if (nva_start_addr < va->va_start || nva_start_addr + size > va->va_end) return NOTHING_FIT; /* Now classify. */ if (va->va_start == nva_start_addr) { if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) type = FL_FIT_TYPE; else type = LE_FIT_TYPE; } else if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) { type = RE_FIT_TYPE; } else { type = NE_FIT_TYPE; } return type; } static __always_inline int adjust_va_to_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size, enum fit_type type) { struct vmap_area *lva = NULL; if (type == FL_FIT_TYPE) { /* * No need to split VA, it fully fits. * * | | * V NVA V * |---------------| */ unlink_va(va, &free_vmap_area_root); kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); } else if (type == LE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split left edge of fit VA. * * | | * V NVA V R * |-------|-------| */ va->va_start += size; } else if (type == RE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split right edge of fit VA. * * | | * L V NVA V * |-------|-------| */ va->va_end = nva_start_addr; } else if (type == NE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split no edge of fit VA. * * | | * L V NVA V R * |---|-------|---| */ lva = __this_cpu_xchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL); if (unlikely(!lva)) { /* * For percpu allocator we do not do any pre-allocation * and leave it as it is. The reason is it most likely * never ends up with NE_FIT_TYPE splitting. In case of * percpu allocations offsets and sizes are aligned to * fixed align request, i.e. RE_FIT_TYPE and FL_FIT_TYPE * are its main fitting cases. * * There are a few exceptions though, as an example it is * a first allocation (early boot up) when we have "one" * big free space that has to be split. * * Also we can hit this path in case of regular "vmap" * allocations, if "this" current CPU was not preloaded. * See the comment in alloc_vmap_area() why. If so, then * GFP_NOWAIT is used instead to get an extra object for * split purpose. That is rare and most time does not * occur. * * What happens if an allocation gets failed. Basically, * an "overflow" path is triggered to purge lazily freed * areas to free some memory, then, the "retry" path is * triggered to repeat one more time. See more details * in alloc_vmap_area() function. */ lva = kmem_cache_alloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!lva) return -1; } /* * Build the remainder. */ lva->va_start = va->va_start; lva->va_end = nva_start_addr; /* * Shrink this VA to remaining size. */ va->va_start = nva_start_addr + size; } else { return -1; } if (type != FL_FIT_TYPE) { augment_tree_propagate_from(va); if (lva) /* type == NE_FIT_TYPE */ insert_vmap_area_augment(lva, &va->rb_node, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } return 0; } /* * Returns a start address of the newly allocated area, if success. * Otherwise a vend is returned that indicates failure. */ static __always_inline unsigned long __alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend) { unsigned long nva_start_addr; struct vmap_area *va; enum fit_type type; int ret; va = find_vmap_lowest_match(size, align, vstart); if (unlikely(!va)) return vend; if (va->va_start > vstart) nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align); else nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align); /* Check the "vend" restriction. */ if (nva_start_addr + size > vend) return vend; /* Classify what we have found. */ type = classify_va_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(type == NOTHING_FIT)) return vend; /* Update the free vmap_area. */ ret = adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size, type); if (ret) return vend; #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK find_vmap_lowest_match_check(size); #endif return nva_start_addr; } /* * Free a region of KVA allocated by alloc_vmap_area */ static void free_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va) { /* * Remove from the busy tree/list. */ spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); /* * Insert/Merge it back to the free tree/list. */ spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); merge_or_add_vmap_area(va, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); } /* * Allocate a region of KVA of the specified size and alignment, within the * vstart and vend. */ static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend, int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_area *va, *pva; unsigned long addr; int purged = 0; int ret; BUG_ON(!size); BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(!is_power_of_2(align)); if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized)) return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); might_sleep(); gfp_mask = gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK; va = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, gfp_mask, node); if (unlikely(!va)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * Only scan the relevant parts containing pointers to other objects * to avoid false negatives. */ kmemleak_scan_area(&va->rb_node, SIZE_MAX, gfp_mask); retry: /* * Preload this CPU with one extra vmap_area object. It is used * when fit type of free area is NE_FIT_TYPE. Please note, it * does not guarantee that an allocation occurs on a CPU that * is preloaded, instead we minimize the case when it is not. * It can happen because of cpu migration, because there is a * race until the below spinlock is taken. * * The preload is done in non-atomic context, thus it allows us * to use more permissive allocation masks to be more stable under * low memory condition and high memory pressure. In rare case, * if not preloaded, GFP_NOWAIT is used. * * Set "pva" to NULL here, because of "retry" path. */ pva = NULL; if (!this_cpu_read(ne_fit_preload_node)) /* * Even if it fails we do not really care about that. * Just proceed as it is. If needed "overflow" path * will refill the cache we allocate from. */ pva = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, gfp_mask, node); spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (pva && __this_cpu_cmpxchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL, pva)) kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, pva); /* * If an allocation fails, the "vend" address is * returned. Therefore trigger the overflow path. */ addr = __alloc_vmap_area(size, align, vstart, vend); spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (unlikely(addr == vend)) goto overflow; va->va_start = addr; va->va_end = addr + size; va->vm = NULL; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(va->va_start, align)); BUG_ON(va->va_start < vstart); BUG_ON(va->va_end > vend); ret = kasan_populate_vmalloc(addr, size); if (ret) { free_vmap_area(va); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return va; overflow: if (!purged) { purge_vmap_area_lazy(); purged = 1; goto retry; } if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask)) { unsigned long freed = 0; blocking_notifier_call_chain(&vmap_notify_list, 0, &freed); if (freed > 0) { purged = 0; goto retry; } } if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN) && printk_ratelimit()) pr_warn("vmap allocation for size %lu failed: use vmalloc=<size> to increase size\n", size); kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); } int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&vmap_notify_list, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_vmap_purge_notifier); int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&vmap_notify_list, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_vmap_purge_notifier); /* * lazy_max_pages is the maximum amount of virtual address space we gather up * before attempting to purge with a TLB flush. * * There is a tradeoff here: a larger number will cover more kernel page tables * and take slightly longer to purge, but it will linearly reduce the number of * global TLB flushes that must be performed. It would seem natural to scale * this number up linearly with the number of CPUs (because vmapping activity * could also scale linearly with the number of CPUs), however it is likely * that in practice, workloads might be constrained in other ways that mean * vmap activity will not scale linearly with CPUs. Also, I want to be * conservative and not introduce a big latency on huge systems, so go with * a less aggressive log scale. It will still be an improvement over the old * code, and it will be simple to change the scale factor if we find that it * becomes a problem on bigger systems. */ static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void) { unsigned int log; log = fls(num_online_cpus()); return log * (32UL * 1024 * 1024 / PAGE_SIZE); } static atomic_long_t vmap_lazy_nr = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0); /* * Serialize vmap purging. There is no actual criticial section protected * by this look, but we want to avoid concurrent calls for performance * reasons and to make the pcpu_get_vm_areas more deterministic. */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(vmap_purge_lock); /* for per-CPU blocks */ static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void); /* * called before a call to iounmap() if the caller wants vm_area_struct's * immediately freed. */ void set_iounmap_nonlazy(void) { atomic_long_set(&vmap_lazy_nr, lazy_max_pages()+1); } /* * Purges all lazily-freed vmap areas. */ static bool __purge_vmap_area_lazy(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long resched_threshold; struct llist_node *valist; struct vmap_area *va; struct vmap_area *n_va; lockdep_assert_held(&vmap_purge_lock); valist = llist_del_all(&vmap_purge_list); if (unlikely(valist == NULL)) return false; /* * TODO: to calculate a flush range without looping. * The list can be up to lazy_max_pages() elements. */ llist_for_each_entry(va, valist, purge_list) { if (va->va_start < start) start = va->va_start; if (va->va_end > end) end = va->va_end; } flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end); resched_threshold = lazy_max_pages() << 1; spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); llist_for_each_entry_safe(va, n_va, valist, purge_list) { unsigned long nr = (va->va_end - va->va_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long orig_start = va->va_start; unsigned long orig_end = va->va_end; /* * Finally insert or merge lazily-freed area. It is * detached and there is no need to "unlink" it from * anything. */ va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(va, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (!va) continue; if (is_vmalloc_or_module_addr((void *)orig_start)) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); atomic_long_sub(nr, &vmap_lazy_nr); if (atomic_long_read(&vmap_lazy_nr) < resched_threshold) cond_resched_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); return true; } /* * Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas. Don't bother if somebody * is already purging. */ static void try_purge_vmap_area_lazy(void) { if (mutex_trylock(&vmap_purge_lock)) { __purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } } /* * Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas. */ static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void) { mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(); __purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } /* * Free a vmap area, caller ensuring that the area has been unmapped * and flush_cache_vunmap had been called for the correct range * previously. */ static void free_vmap_area_noflush(struct vmap_area *va) { unsigned long nr_lazy; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); nr_lazy = atomic_long_add_return((va->va_end - va->va_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT, &vmap_lazy_nr); /* After this point, we may free va at any time */ llist_add(&va->purge_list, &vmap_purge_list); if (unlikely(nr_lazy > lazy_max_pages())) try_purge_vmap_area_lazy(); } /* * Free and unmap a vmap area */ static void free_unmap_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va) { flush_cache_vunmap(va->va_start, va->va_end); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(va->va_start, va->va_end - va->va_start); if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static()) flush_tlb_kernel_range(va->va_start, va->va_end); free_vmap_area_noflush(va); } static struct vmap_area *find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr) { struct vmap_area *va; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); va = __find_vmap_area(addr); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); return va; } /*** Per cpu kva allocator ***/ /* * vmap space is limited especially on 32 bit architectures. Ensure there is * room for at least 16 percpu vmap blocks per CPU. */ /* * If we had a constant VMALLOC_START and VMALLOC_END, we'd like to be able * to #define VMALLOC_SPACE (VMALLOC_END-VMALLOC_START). Guess * instead (we just need a rough idea) */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024) #else #define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024*1024) #endif #define VMALLOC_PAGES (VMALLOC_SPACE / PAGE_SIZE) #define VMAP_MAX_ALLOC BITS_PER_LONG /* 256K with 4K pages */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX 1024 /* 4MB with 4K pages */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN (VMAP_MAX_ALLOC*2) #define VMAP_MIN(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use min() */ #define VMAP_MAX(x, y) ((x) > (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use max() */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS \ VMAP_MIN(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX, \ VMAP_MAX(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN, \ VMALLOC_PAGES / roundup_pow_of_two(NR_CPUS) / 16)) #define VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE (VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * PAGE_SIZE) struct vmap_block_queue { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head free; }; struct vmap_block { spinlock_t lock; struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long free, dirty; unsigned long dirty_min, dirty_max; /*< dirty range */ struct list_head free_list; struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct list_head purge; }; /* Queue of free and dirty vmap blocks, for allocation and flushing purposes */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmap_block_queue, vmap_block_queue); /* * XArray of vmap blocks, indexed by address, to quickly find a vmap block * in the free path. Could get rid of this if we change the API to return a * "cookie" from alloc, to be passed to free. But no big deal yet. */ static DEFINE_XARRAY(vmap_blocks); /* * We should probably have a fallback mechanism to allocate virtual memory * out of partially filled vmap blocks. However vmap block sizing should be * fairly reasonable according to the vmalloc size, so it shouldn't be a * big problem. */ static unsigned long addr_to_vb_idx(unsigned long addr) { addr -= VMALLOC_START & ~(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE-1); addr /= VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE; return addr; } static void *vmap_block_vaddr(unsigned long va_start, unsigned long pages_off) { unsigned long addr; addr = va_start + (pages_off << PAGE_SHIFT); BUG_ON(addr_to_vb_idx(addr) != addr_to_vb_idx(va_start)); return (void *)addr; } /** * new_vmap_block - allocates new vmap_block and occupies 2^order pages in this * block. Of course pages number can't exceed VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * @order: how many 2^order pages should be occupied in newly allocated block * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * * Return: virtual address in a newly allocated block or ERR_PTR(-errno) */ static void *new_vmap_block(unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vmap_block *vb; struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long vb_idx; int node, err; void *vaddr; node = numa_node_id(); vb = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct vmap_block), gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node); if (unlikely(!vb)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); va = alloc_vmap_area(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, node, gfp_mask); if (IS_ERR(va)) { kfree(vb); return ERR_CAST(va); } vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(va->va_start, 0); spin_lock_init(&vb->lock); vb->va = va; /* At least something should be left free */ BUG_ON(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS <= (1UL << order)); vb->free = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - (1UL << order); vb->dirty = 0; vb->dirty_min = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; vb->dirty_max = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vb->free_list); vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx(va->va_start); err = xa_insert(&vmap_blocks, vb_idx, vb, gfp_mask); if (err) { kfree(vb); free_vmap_area(va); return ERR_PTR(err); } vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_add_tail_rcu(&vb->free_list, &vbq->free); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); return vaddr; } static void free_vmap_block(struct vmap_block *vb) { struct vmap_block *tmp; tmp = xa_erase(&vmap_blocks, addr_to_vb_idx(vb->va->va_start)); BUG_ON(tmp != vb); free_vmap_area_noflush(vb->va); kfree_rcu(vb, rcu_head); } static void purge_fragmented_blocks(int cpu) { LIST_HEAD(purge); struct vmap_block *vb; struct vmap_block *n_vb; struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { if (!(vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS)) continue; spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) { vb->free = 0; /* prevent further allocs after releasing lock */ vb->dirty = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; /* prevent purging it again */ vb->dirty_min = 0; vb->dirty_max = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); spin_unlock(&vb->lock); list_add_tail(&vb->purge, &purge); } else spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); list_for_each_entry_safe(vb, n_vb, &purge, purge) { list_del(&vb->purge); free_vmap_block(vb); } } static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) purge_fragmented_blocks(cpu); } static void *vb_alloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vmap_block *vb; void *vaddr = NULL; unsigned int order; BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC); if (WARN_ON(size == 0)) { /* * Allocating 0 bytes isn't what caller wants since * get_order(0) returns funny result. Just warn and terminate * early. */ return NULL; } order = get_order(size); rcu_read_lock(); vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { unsigned long pages_off; spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->free < (1UL << order)) { spin_unlock(&vb->lock); continue; } pages_off = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - vb->free; vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(vb->va->va_start, pages_off); vb->free -= 1UL << order; if (vb->free == 0) { spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); } spin_unlock(&vb->lock); break; } put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); rcu_read_unlock(); /* Allocate new block if nothing was found */ if (!vaddr) vaddr = new_vmap_block(order, gfp_mask); return vaddr; } static void vb_free(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long offset; unsigned int order; struct vmap_block *vb; BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC); flush_cache_vunmap(addr, addr + size); order = get_order(size); offset = (addr & (VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE - 1)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; vb = xa_load(&vmap_blocks, addr_to_vb_idx(addr)); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(addr, size); if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static()) flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, addr + size); spin_lock(&vb->lock); /* Expand dirty range */ vb->dirty_min = min(vb->dirty_min, offset); vb->dirty_max = max(vb->dirty_max, offset + (1UL << order)); vb->dirty += 1UL << order; if (vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) { BUG_ON(vb->free); spin_unlock(&vb->lock); free_vmap_block(vb); } else spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } static void _vm_unmap_aliases(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int flush) { int cpu; if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized)) return; might_sleep(); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu); struct vmap_block *vb; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->dirty) { unsigned long va_start = vb->va->va_start; unsigned long s, e; s = va_start + (vb->dirty_min << PAGE_SHIFT); e = va_start + (vb->dirty_max << PAGE_SHIFT); start = min(s, start); end = max(e, end); flush = 1; } spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); } mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(); if (!__purge_vmap_area_lazy(start, end) && flush) flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } /** * vm_unmap_aliases - unmap outstanding lazy aliases in the vmap layer * * The vmap/vmalloc layer lazily flushes kernel virtual mappings primarily * to amortize TLB flushing overheads. What this means is that any page you * have now, may, in a former life, have been mapped into kernel virtual * address by the vmap layer and so there might be some CPUs with TLB entries * still referencing that page (additional to the regular 1:1 kernel mapping). * * vm_unmap_aliases flushes all such lazy mappings. After it returns, we can * be sure that none of the pages we have control over will have any aliases * from the vmap layer. */ void vm_unmap_aliases(void) { unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0; int flush = 0; _vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, flush); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vm_unmap_aliases); /** * vm_unmap_ram - unmap linear kernel address space set up by vm_map_ram * @mem: the pointer returned by vm_map_ram * @count: the count passed to that vm_map_ram call (cannot unmap partial) */ void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count) { unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)mem; struct vmap_area *va; might_sleep(); BUG_ON(!addr); BUG_ON(addr < VMALLOC_START); BUG_ON(addr > VMALLOC_END); BUG_ON(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr)); kasan_poison_vmalloc(mem, size); if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) { debug_check_no_locks_freed(mem, size); vb_free(addr, size); return; } va = find_vmap_area(addr); BUG_ON(!va); debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)va->va_start, (va->va_end - va->va_start)); free_unmap_vmap_area(va); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_unmap_ram); /** * vm_map_ram - map pages linearly into kernel virtual address (vmalloc space) * @pages: an array of pointers to the pages to be mapped * @count: number of pages * @node: prefer to allocate data structures on this node * * If you use this function for less than VMAP_MAX_ALLOC pages, it could be * faster than vmap so it's good. But if you mix long-life and short-life * objects with vm_map_ram(), it could consume lots of address space through * fragmentation (especially on a 32bit machine). You could see failures in * the end. Please use this function for short-lived objects. * * Returns: a pointer to the address that has been mapped, or %NULL on failure */ void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node) { unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long addr; void *mem; if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) { mem = vb_alloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (IS_ERR(mem)) return NULL; addr = (unsigned long)mem; } else { struct vmap_area *va; va = alloc_vmap_area(size, PAGE_SIZE, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, node, GFP_KERNEL); if (IS_ERR(va)) return NULL; addr = va->va_start; mem = (void *)addr; } kasan_unpoison_vmalloc(mem, size); if (map_kernel_range(addr, size, PAGE_KERNEL, pages) < 0) { vm_unmap_ram(mem, count); return NULL; } return mem; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_ram); static struct vm_struct *vmlist __initdata; /** * vm_area_add_early - add vmap area early during boot * @vm: vm_struct to add * * This function is used to add fixed kernel vm area to vmlist before * vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->addr, @vm->size, and @vm->flags * should contain proper values and the other fields should be zero. * * DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING. */ void __init vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm) { struct vm_struct *tmp, **p; BUG_ON(vmap_initialized); for (p = &vmlist; (tmp = *p) != NULL; p = &tmp->next) { if (tmp->addr >= vm->addr) { BUG_ON(tmp->addr < vm->addr + vm->size); break; } else BUG_ON(tmp->addr + tmp->size > vm->addr); } vm->next = *p; *p = vm; } /** * vm_area_register_early - register vmap area early during boot * @vm: vm_struct to register * @align: requested alignment * * This function is used to register kernel vm area before * vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->size and @vm->flags should contain * proper values on entry and other fields should be zero. On return, * vm->addr contains the allocated address. * * DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING. */ void __init vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align) { static size_t vm_init_off __initdata; unsigned long addr; addr = ALIGN(VMALLOC_START + vm_init_off, align); vm_init_off = PFN_ALIGN(addr + vm->size) - VMALLOC_START; vm->addr = (void *)addr; vm_area_add_early(vm); } static void vmap_init_free_space(void) { unsigned long vmap_start = 1; const unsigned long vmap_end = ULONG_MAX; struct vmap_area *busy, *free; /* * B F B B B F * -|-----|.....|-----|-----|-----|.....|- * | The KVA space | * |<--------------------------------->| */ list_for_each_entry(busy, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (busy->va_start - vmap_start > 0) { free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) { free->va_start = vmap_start; free->va_end = busy->va_start; insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } } vmap_start = busy->va_end; } if (vmap_end - vmap_start > 0) { free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) { free->va_start = vmap_start; free->va_end = vmap_end; insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } } } void __init vmalloc_init(void) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *tmp; int i; /* * Create the cache for vmap_area objects. */ vmap_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vmap_area, SLAB_PANIC); for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vfree_deferred *p; vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, i); spin_lock_init(&vbq->lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vbq->free); p = &per_cpu(vfree_deferred, i); init_llist_head(&p->list); INIT_WORK(&p->wq, free_work); } /* Import existing vmlist entries. */ for (tmp = vmlist; tmp; tmp = tmp->next) { va = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!va)) continue; va->va_start = (unsigned long)tmp->addr; va->va_end = va->va_start + tmp->size; va->vm = tmp; insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); } /* * Now we can initialize a free vmap space. */ vmap_init_free_space(); vmap_initialized = true; } /** * unmap_kernel_range - unmap kernel VM area and flush cache and TLB * @addr: start of the VM area to unmap * @size: size of the VM area to unmap * * Similar to unmap_kernel_range_noflush() but flushes vcache before * the unmapping and tlb after. */ void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long end = addr + size; flush_cache_vunmap(addr, end); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(addr, size); flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, end); } static inline void setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(struct vm_struct *vm, struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { vm->flags = flags; vm->addr = (void *)va->va_start; vm->size = va->va_end - va->va_start; vm->caller = caller; va->vm = vm; } static void setup_vmalloc_vm(struct vm_struct *vm, struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(vm, va, flags, caller); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); } static void clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(struct vm_struct *vm) { /* * Before removing VM_UNINITIALIZED, * we should make sure that vm has proper values. * Pair with smp_rmb() in show_numa_info(). */ smp_wmb(); vm->flags &= ~VM_UNINITIALIZED; } static struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, gfp_t gfp_mask, const void *caller) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long requested_size = size; BUG_ON(in_interrupt()); size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (unlikely(!size)) return NULL; if (flags & VM_IOREMAP) align = 1ul << clamp_t(int, get_count_order_long(size), PAGE_SHIFT, IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER); area = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*area), gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node); if (unlikely(!area)) return NULL; if (!(flags & VM_NO_GUARD)) size += PAGE_SIZE; va = alloc_vmap_area(size, align, start, end, node, gfp_mask); if (IS_ERR(va)) { kfree(area); return NULL; } kasan_unpoison_vmalloc((void *)va->va_start, requested_size); setup_vmalloc_vm(area, va, flags, caller); return area; } struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, const void *caller) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, start, end, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, caller); } /** * get_vm_area - reserve a contiguous kernel virtual area * @size: size of the area * @flags: %VM_IOREMAP for I/O mappings or VM_ALLOC * * Search an area of @size in the kernel virtual mapping area, * and reserved it for out purposes. Returns the area descriptor * on success or %NULL on failure. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, __builtin_return_address(0)); } struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, caller); } /** * find_vm_area - find a continuous kernel virtual area * @addr: base address * * Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and return it. * It is up to the caller to do all required locking to keep the returned * pointer valid. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr) { struct vmap_area *va; va = find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr); if (!va) return NULL; return va->vm; } /** * remove_vm_area - find and remove a continuous kernel virtual area * @addr: base address * * Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and remove it. * This function returns the found VM area, but using it is NOT safe * on SMP machines, except for its size or flags. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr) { struct vmap_area *va; might_sleep(); spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); va = __find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr); if (va && va->vm) { struct vm_struct *vm = va->vm; va->vm = NULL; spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); kasan_free_shadow(vm); free_unmap_vmap_area(va); return vm; } spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); return NULL; } static inline void set_area_direct_map(const struct vm_struct *area, int (*set_direct_map)(struct page *page)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) if (page_address(area->pages[i])) set_direct_map(area->pages[i]); } /* Handle removing and resetting vm mappings related to the vm_struct. */ static void vm_remove_mappings(struct vm_struct *area, int deallocate_pages) { unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0; int flush_reset = area->flags & VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS; int flush_dmap = 0; int i; remove_vm_area(area->addr); /* If this is not VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS memory, no need for the below. */ if (!flush_reset) return; /* * If not deallocating pages, just do the flush of the VM area and * return. */ if (!deallocate_pages) { vm_unmap_aliases(); return; } /* * If execution gets here, flush the vm mapping and reset the direct * map. Find the start and end range of the direct mappings to make sure * the vm_unmap_aliases() flush includes the direct map. */ for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(area->pages[i]); if (addr) { start = min(addr, start); end = max(addr + PAGE_SIZE, end); flush_dmap = 1; } } /* * Set direct map to something invalid so that it won't be cached if * there are any accesses after the TLB flush, then flush the TLB and * reset the direct map permissions to the default. */ set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_invalid_noflush); _vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, flush_dmap); set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_default_noflush); } static void __vunmap(const void *addr, int deallocate_pages) { struct vm_struct *area; if (!addr) return; if (WARN(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr), "Trying to vfree() bad address (%p)\n", addr)) return; area = find_vm_area(addr); if (unlikely(!area)) { WARN(1, KERN_ERR "Trying to vfree() nonexistent vm area (%p)\n", addr); return; } debug_check_no_locks_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); debug_check_no_obj_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); kasan_poison_vmalloc(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); vm_remove_mappings(area, deallocate_pages); if (deallocate_pages) { int i; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = area->pages[i]; BUG_ON(!page); __free_pages(page, 0); } atomic_long_sub(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); kvfree(area->pages); } kfree(area); return; } static inline void __vfree_deferred(const void *addr) { /* * Use raw_cpu_ptr() because this can be called from preemptible * context. Preemption is absolutely fine here, because the llist_add() * implementation is lockless, so it works even if we are adding to * another cpu's list. schedule_work() should be fine with this too. */ struct vfree_deferred *p = raw_cpu_ptr(&vfree_deferred); if (llist_add((struct llist_node *)addr, &p->list)) schedule_work(&p->wq); } /** * vfree_atomic - release memory allocated by vmalloc() * @addr: memory base address * * This one is just like vfree() but can be called in any atomic context * except NMIs. */ void vfree_atomic(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_nmi()); kmemleak_free(addr); if (!addr) return; __vfree_deferred(addr); } static void __vfree(const void *addr) { if (unlikely(in_interrupt())) __vfree_deferred(addr); else __vunmap(addr, 1); } /** * vfree - Release memory allocated by vmalloc() * @addr: Memory base address * * Free the virtually continuous memory area starting at @addr, as obtained * from one of the vmalloc() family of APIs. This will usually also free the * physical memory underlying the virtual allocation, but that memory is * reference counted, so it will not be freed until the last user goes away. * * If @addr is NULL, no operation is performed. * * Context: * May sleep if called *not* from interrupt context. * Must not be called in NMI context (strictly speaking, it could be * if we have CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG, but making the calling * conventions for vfree() arch-depenedent would be a really bad idea). */ void vfree(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_nmi()); kmemleak_free(addr); might_sleep_if(!in_interrupt()); if (!addr) return; __vfree(addr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfree); /** * vunmap - release virtual mapping obtained by vmap() * @addr: memory base address * * Free the virtually contiguous memory area starting at @addr, * which was created from the page array passed to vmap(). * * Must not be called in interrupt context. */ void vunmap(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_interrupt()); might_sleep(); if (addr) __vunmap(addr, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vunmap); /** * vmap - map an array of pages into virtually contiguous space * @pages: array of page pointers * @count: number of pages to map * @flags: vm_area->flags * @prot: page protection for the mapping * * Maps @count pages from @pages into contiguous kernel virtual space. * If @flags contains %VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES the ownership of the pages array itself * (which must be kmalloc or vmalloc memory) and one reference per pages in it * are transferred from the caller to vmap(), and will be freed / dropped when * vfree() is called on the return value. * * Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure */ void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot) { struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long size; /* In bytes */ might_sleep(); if (count > totalram_pages()) return NULL; size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; area = get_vm_area_caller(size, flags, __builtin_return_address(0)); if (!area) return NULL; if (map_kernel_range((unsigned long)area->addr, size, pgprot_nx(prot), pages) < 0) { vunmap(area->addr); return NULL; } if (flags & VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES) { area->pages = pages; area->nr_pages = count; } return area->addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmap); #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_PFN struct vmap_pfn_data { unsigned long *pfns; pgprot_t prot; unsigned int idx; }; static int vmap_pfn_apply(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *private) { struct vmap_pfn_data *data = private; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pfn_valid(data->pfns[data->idx]))) return -EINVAL; *pte = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(data->pfns[data->idx++], data->prot)); return 0; } /** * vmap_pfn - map an array of PFNs into virtually contiguous space * @pfns: array of PFNs * @count: number of pages to map * @prot: page protection for the mapping * * Maps @count PFNs from @pfns into contiguous kernel virtual space and returns * the start address of the mapping. */ void *vmap_pfn(unsigned long *pfns, unsigned int count, pgprot_t prot) { struct vmap_pfn_data data = { .pfns = pfns, .prot = pgprot_nx(prot) }; struct vm_struct *area; area = get_vm_area_caller(count * PAGE_SIZE, VM_IOREMAP, __builtin_return_address(0)); if (!area) return NULL; if (apply_to_page_range(&init_mm, (unsigned long)area->addr, count * PAGE_SIZE, vmap_pfn_apply, &data)) { free_vm_area(area); return NULL; } return area->addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmap_pfn); #endif /* CONFIG_VMAP_PFN */ static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct vm_struct *area, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, int node) { const gfp_t nested_gfp = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) | __GFP_ZERO; unsigned int nr_pages = get_vm_area_size(area) >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned int array_size = nr_pages * sizeof(struct page *), i; struct page **pages; gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOWARN; if (!(gfp_mask & (GFP_DMA | GFP_DMA32))) gfp_mask |= __GFP_HIGHMEM; /* Please note that the recursion is strictly bounded. */ if (array_size > PAGE_SIZE) { pages = __vmalloc_node(array_size, 1, nested_gfp, node, area->caller); } else { pages = kmalloc_node(array_size, nested_gfp, node); } if (!pages) { remove_vm_area(area->addr); kfree(area); return NULL; } area->pages = pages; area->nr_pages = nr_pages; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE) page = alloc_page(gfp_mask); else page = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp_mask, 0); if (unlikely(!page)) { /* Successfully allocated i pages, free them in __vfree() */ area->nr_pages = i; atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); goto fail; } area->pages[i] = page; if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask)) cond_resched(); } atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); if (map_kernel_range((unsigned long)area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area), prot, pages) < 0) goto fail; return area->addr; fail: warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated %ld of %ld bytes", (area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), area->size); __vfree(area->addr); return NULL; } /** * __vmalloc_node_range - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * @align: desired alignment * @start: vm area range start * @end: vm area range end * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * @prot: protection mask for the allocated pages * @vm_flags: additional vm area flags (e.g. %VM_NO_GUARD) * @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE * @caller: caller's return address * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator with @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous * kernel virtual space, using a pagetable protection of @prot. * * Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure */ void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node, const void *caller) { struct vm_struct *area; void *addr; unsigned long real_size = size; size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages()) goto fail; area = __get_vm_area_node(real_size, align, VM_ALLOC | VM_UNINITIALIZED | vm_flags, start, end, node, gfp_mask, caller); if (!area) goto fail; addr = __vmalloc_area_node(area, gfp_mask, prot, node); if (!addr) return NULL; /* * In this function, newly allocated vm_struct has VM_UNINITIALIZED * flag. It means that vm_struct is not fully initialized. * Now, it is fully initialized, so remove this flag here. */ clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(area); kmemleak_vmalloc(area, size, gfp_mask); return addr; fail: warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmalloc: allocation failure: %lu bytes", real_size); return NULL; } /** * __vmalloc_node - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * @align: desired alignment * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE * @caller: caller's return address * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level allocator with * @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * Reclaim modifiers in @gfp_mask - __GFP_NORETRY, __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * and __GFP_NOFAIL are not supported * * Any use of gfp flags outside of GFP_KERNEL should be consulted * with mm people. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node, const void *caller) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, align, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, gfp_mask, PAGE_KERNEL, 0, node, caller); } /* * This is only for performance analysis of vmalloc and stress purpose. * It is required by vmalloc test module, therefore do not use it other * than that. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TEST_VMALLOC_MODULE EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__vmalloc_node); #endif void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, gfp_mask, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vmalloc); /** * vmalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc); /** * vzalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory with zero fill * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * The memory allocated is set to zero. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vzalloc(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc); /** * vmalloc_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous memory for userspace * @size: allocation size * * The resulting memory area is zeroed so it can be mapped to userspace * without leaking data. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL, VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_user); /** * vmalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node * @size: allocation size * @node: numa node * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_node); /** * vzalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node with zero fill * @size: allocation size * @node: numa node * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * The memory allocated is set to zero. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc_node); #if defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL) #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA | GFP_KERNEL) #else /* * 64b systems should always have either DMA or DMA32 zones. For others * GFP_DMA32 should do the right thing and use the normal zone. */ #define GFP_VMALLOC32 GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL #endif /** * vmalloc_32 - allocate virtually contiguous memory (32bit addressable) * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough 32bit PA addressable pages to cover @size from the * page level allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_VMALLOC32, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32); /** * vmalloc_32_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous 32bit memory * @size: allocation size * * The resulting memory area is 32bit addressable and zeroed so it can be * mapped to userspace without leaking data. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, GFP_VMALLOC32 | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL, VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32_user); /* * small helper routine , copy contents to buf from addr. * If the page is not present, fill zero. */ static int aligned_vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct page *p; int copied = 0; while (count) { unsigned long offset, length; offset = offset_in_page(addr); length = PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (length > count) length = count; p = vmalloc_to_page(addr); /* * To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need * lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add * overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_ * interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use * kmap() and get small overhead in this access function. */ if (p) { /* * we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's * function description) */ void *map = kmap_atomic(p); memcpy(buf, map + offset, length); kunmap_atomic(map); } else memset(buf, 0, length); addr += length; buf += length; copied += length; count -= length; } return copied; } static int aligned_vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct page *p; int copied = 0; while (count) { unsigned long offset, length; offset = offset_in_page(addr); length = PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (length > count) length = count; p = vmalloc_to_page(addr); /* * To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need * lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add * overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_ * interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use * kmap() and get small overhead in this access function. */ if (p) { /* * we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's * function description) */ void *map = kmap_atomic(p); memcpy(map + offset, buf, length); kunmap_atomic(map); } addr += length; buf += length; copied += length; count -= length; } return copied; } /** * vread() - read vmalloc area in a safe way. * @buf: buffer for reading data * @addr: vm address. * @count: number of bytes to be read. * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * copy data from that area to a given buffer. If the given memory range * of [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied to * proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, they'll be zero-filled. * IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done. * * If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive * vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer. * * Note: In usual ops, vread() is never necessary because the caller * should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy(). * This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without * any information, as /dev/kmem. * * Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be increased * (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count) doesn't * include any intersection with valid vmalloc area */ long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *vm; char *vaddr, *buf_start = buf; unsigned long buflen = count; unsigned long n; /* Don't allow overflow */ if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count) count = -(unsigned long) addr; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (!count) break; if (!va->vm) continue; vm = va->vm; vaddr = (char *) vm->addr; if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm)) continue; while (addr < vaddr) { if (count == 0) goto finished; *buf = '\0'; buf++; addr++; count--; } n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr; if (n > count) n = count; if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP)) aligned_vread(buf, addr, n); else /* IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole */ memset(buf, 0, n); buf += n; addr += n; count -= n; } finished: spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); if (buf == buf_start) return 0; /* zero-fill memory holes */ if (buf != buf_start + buflen) memset(buf, 0, buflen - (buf - buf_start)); return buflen; } /** * vwrite() - write vmalloc area in a safe way. * @buf: buffer for source data * @addr: vm address. * @count: number of bytes to be read. * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * copy data from a buffer to the given addr. If specified range of * [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied from * proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, no copy to hole. * IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done. * * If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive * vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer. * * Note: In usual ops, vwrite() is never necessary because the caller * should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy(). * This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without * any information, as /dev/kmem. * * Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be * increased (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count) * doesn't include any intersection with valid vmalloc area */ long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *vm; char *vaddr; unsigned long n, buflen; int copied = 0; /* Don't allow overflow */ if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count) count = -(unsigned long) addr; buflen = count; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (!count) break; if (!va->vm) continue; vm = va->vm; vaddr = (char *) vm->addr; if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm)) continue; while (addr < vaddr) { if (count == 0) goto finished; buf++; addr++; count--; } n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr; if (n > count) n = count; if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP)) { aligned_vwrite(buf, addr, n); copied++; } buf += n; addr += n; count -= n; } finished: spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); if (!copied) return 0; return buflen; } /** * remap_vmalloc_range_partial - map vmalloc pages to userspace * @vma: vma to cover * @uaddr: target user address to start at * @kaddr: virtual address of vmalloc kernel memory * @pgoff: offset from @kaddr to start at * @size: size of map area * * Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure * * This function checks that @kaddr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, * and that it is big enough to cover the range starting at * @uaddr in @vma. Will return failure if that criteria isn't * met. * * Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c) */ int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr, void *kaddr, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long size) { struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long off; unsigned long end_index; if (check_shl_overflow(pgoff, PAGE_SHIFT, &off)) return -EINVAL; size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (!PAGE_ALIGNED(uaddr) || !PAGE_ALIGNED(kaddr)) return -EINVAL; area = find_vm_area(kaddr); if (!area) return -EINVAL; if (!(area->flags & (VM_USERMAP | VM_DMA_COHERENT))) return -EINVAL; if (check_add_overflow(size, off, &end_index) || end_index > get_vm_area_size(area)) return -EINVAL; kaddr += off; do { struct page *page = vmalloc_to_page(kaddr); int ret; ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, page); if (ret) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; kaddr += PAGE_SIZE; size -= PAGE_SIZE; } while (size > 0); vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range_partial); /** * remap_vmalloc_range - map vmalloc pages to userspace * @vma: vma to cover (map full range of vma) * @addr: vmalloc memory * @pgoff: number of pages into addr before first page to map * * Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * that it is big enough to cover the vma. Will return failure if * that criteria isn't met. * * Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c) */ int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr, unsigned long pgoff) { return remap_vmalloc_range_partial(vma, vma->vm_start, addr, pgoff, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range); void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area) { struct vm_struct *ret; ret = remove_vm_area(area->addr); BUG_ON(ret != area); kfree(area); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_vm_area); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static struct vmap_area *node_to_va(struct rb_node *n) { return rb_entry_safe(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); } /** * pvm_find_va_enclose_addr - find the vmap_area @addr belongs to * @addr: target address * * Returns: vmap_area if it is found. If there is no such area * the first highest(reverse order) vmap_area is returned * i.e. va->va_start < addr && va->va_end < addr or NULL * if there are no any areas before @addr. */ static struct vmap_area * pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(unsigned long addr) { struct vmap_area *va, *tmp; struct rb_node *n; n = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node; va = NULL; while (n) { tmp = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (tmp->va_start <= addr) { va = tmp; if (tmp->va_end >= addr) break; n = n->rb_right; } else { n = n->rb_left; } } return va; } /** * pvm_determine_end_from_reverse - find the highest aligned address * of free block below VMALLOC_END * @va: * in - the VA we start the search(reverse order); * out - the VA with the highest aligned end address. * * Returns: determined end address within vmap_area */ static unsigned long pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(struct vmap_area **va, unsigned long align) { unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1); unsigned long addr; if (likely(*va)) { list_for_each_entry_from_reverse((*va), &free_vmap_area_list, list) { addr = min((*va)->va_end & ~(align - 1), vmalloc_end); if ((*va)->va_start < addr) return addr; } } return 0; } /** * pcpu_get_vm_areas - allocate vmalloc areas for percpu allocator * @offsets: array containing offset of each area * @sizes: array containing size of each area * @nr_vms: the number of areas to allocate * @align: alignment, all entries in @offsets and @sizes must be aligned to this * * Returns: kmalloc'd vm_struct pointer array pointing to allocated * vm_structs on success, %NULL on failure * * Percpu allocator wants to use congruent vm areas so that it can * maintain the offsets among percpu areas. This function allocates * congruent vmalloc areas for it with GFP_KERNEL. These areas tend to * be scattered pretty far, distance between two areas easily going up * to gigabytes. To avoid interacting with regular vmallocs, these * areas are allocated from top. * * Despite its complicated look, this allocator is rather simple. It * does everything top-down and scans free blocks from the end looking * for matching base. While scanning, if any of the areas do not fit the * base address is pulled down to fit the area. Scanning is repeated till * all the areas fit and then all necessary data structures are inserted * and the result is returned. */ struct vm_struct **pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align) { const unsigned long vmalloc_start = ALIGN(VMALLOC_START, align); const unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1); struct vmap_area **vas, *va; struct vm_struct **vms; int area, area2, last_area, term_area; unsigned long base, start, size, end, last_end, orig_start, orig_end; bool purged = false; enum fit_type type; /* verify parameters and allocate data structures */ BUG_ON(offset_in_page(align) || !is_power_of_2(align)); for (last_area = 0, area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; /* is everything aligned properly? */ BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(offsets[area], align)); BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(sizes[area], align)); /* detect the area with the highest address */ if (start > offsets[last_area]) last_area = area; for (area2 = area + 1; area2 < nr_vms; area2++) { unsigned long start2 = offsets[area2]; unsigned long end2 = start2 + sizes[area2]; BUG_ON(start2 < end && start < end2); } } last_end = offsets[last_area] + sizes[last_area]; if (vmalloc_end - vmalloc_start < last_end) { WARN_ON(true); return NULL; } vms = kcalloc(nr_vms, sizeof(vms[0]), GFP_KERNEL); vas = kcalloc(nr_vms, sizeof(vas[0]), GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas || !vms) goto err_free2; for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { vas[area] = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); vms[area] = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vm_struct), GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas[area] || !vms[area]) goto err_free; } retry: spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* start scanning - we scan from the top, begin with the last area */ area = term_area = last_area; start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(vmalloc_end); base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; while (true) { /* * base might have underflowed, add last_end before * comparing. */ if (base + last_end < vmalloc_start + last_end) goto overflow; /* * Fitting base has not been found. */ if (va == NULL) goto overflow; /* * If required width exceeds current VA block, move * base downwards and then recheck. */ if (base + end > va->va_end) { base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; term_area = area; continue; } /* * If this VA does not fit, move base downwards and recheck. */ if (base + start < va->va_start) { va = node_to_va(rb_prev(&va->rb_node)); base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; term_area = area; continue; } /* * This area fits, move on to the previous one. If * the previous one is the terminal one, we're done. */ area = (area + nr_vms - 1) % nr_vms; if (area == term_area) break; start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(base + end); } /* we've found a fitting base, insert all va's */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { int ret; start = base + offsets[area]; size = sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(start); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(va == NULL)) /* It is a BUG(), but trigger recovery instead. */ goto recovery; type = classify_va_fit_type(va, start, size); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(type == NOTHING_FIT)) /* It is a BUG(), but trigger recovery instead. */ goto recovery; ret = adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, start, size, type); if (unlikely(ret)) goto recovery; /* Allocated area. */ va = vas[area]; va->va_start = start; va->va_end = start + size; } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* populate the kasan shadow space */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (kasan_populate_vmalloc(vas[area]->va_start, sizes[area])) goto err_free_shadow; kasan_unpoison_vmalloc((void *)vas[area]->va_start, sizes[area]); } /* insert all vm's */ spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { insert_vmap_area(vas[area], &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(vms[area], vas[area], VM_ALLOC, pcpu_get_vm_areas); } spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); kfree(vas); return vms; recovery: /* * Remove previously allocated areas. There is no * need in removing these areas from the busy tree, * because they are inserted only on the final step * and when pcpu_get_vm_areas() is success. */ while (area--) { orig_start = vas[area]->va_start; orig_end = vas[area]->va_end; va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(vas[area], &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (va) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); vas[area] = NULL; } overflow: spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (!purged) { purge_vmap_area_lazy(); purged = true; /* Before "retry", check if we recover. */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (vas[area]) continue; vas[area] = kmem_cache_zalloc( vmap_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas[area]) goto err_free; } goto retry; } err_free: for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (vas[area]) kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, vas[area]); kfree(vms[area]); } err_free2: kfree(vas); kfree(vms); return NULL; err_free_shadow: spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* * We release all the vmalloc shadows, even the ones for regions that * hadn't been successfully added. This relies on kasan_release_vmalloc * being able to tolerate this case. */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { orig_start = vas[area]->va_start; orig_end = vas[area]->va_end; va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(vas[area], &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (va) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); vas[area] = NULL; kfree(vms[area]); } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); kfree(vas); kfree(vms); return NULL; } /** * pcpu_free_vm_areas - free vmalloc areas for percpu allocator * @vms: vm_struct pointer array returned by pcpu_get_vm_areas() * @nr_vms: the number of allocated areas * * Free vm_structs and the array allocated by pcpu_get_vm_areas(). */ void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nr_vms; i++) free_vm_area(vms[i]); kfree(vms); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) __acquires(&vmap_purge_lock) __acquires(&vmap_area_lock) { mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); return seq_list_start(&vmap_area_list, *pos); } static void *s_next(struct seq_file *m, void *p, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(p, &vmap_area_list, pos); } static void s_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p) __releases(&vmap_area_lock) __releases(&vmap_purge_lock) { spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } static void show_numa_info(struct seq_file *m, struct vm_struct *v) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA)) { unsigned int nr, *counters = m->private; if (!counters) return; if (v->flags & VM_UNINITIALIZED) return; /* Pair with smp_wmb() in clear_vm_uninitialized_flag() */ smp_rmb(); memset(counters, 0, nr_node_ids * sizeof(unsigned int)); for (nr = 0; nr < v->nr_pages; nr++) counters[page_to_nid(v->pages[nr])]++; for_each_node_state(nr, N_HIGH_MEMORY) if (counters[nr]) seq_printf(m, " N%u=%u", nr, counters[nr]); } } static void show_purge_info(struct seq_file *m) { struct llist_node *head; struct vmap_area *va; head = READ_ONCE(vmap_purge_list.first); if (head == NULL) return; llist_for_each_entry(va, head, purge_list) { seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld unpurged vm_area\n", (void *)va->va_start, (void *)va->va_end, va->va_end - va->va_start); } } static int s_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *v; va = list_entry(p, struct vmap_area, list); /* * s_show can encounter race with remove_vm_area, !vm on behalf * of vmap area is being tear down or vm_map_ram allocation. */ if (!va->vm) { seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld vm_map_ram\n", (void *)va->va_start, (void *)va->va_end, va->va_end - va->va_start); return 0; } v = va->vm; seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld", v->addr, v->addr + v->size, v->size); if (v->caller) seq_printf(m, " %pS", v->caller); if (v->nr_pages) seq_printf(m, " pages=%d", v->nr_pages); if (v->phys_addr) seq_printf(m, " phys=%pa", &v->phys_addr); if (v->flags & VM_IOREMAP) seq_puts(m, " ioremap"); if (v->flags & VM_ALLOC) seq_puts(m, " vmalloc"); if (v->flags & VM_MAP) seq_puts(m, " vmap"); if (v->flags & VM_USERMAP) seq_puts(m, " user"); if (v->flags & VM_DMA_COHERENT) seq_puts(m, " dma-coherent"); if (is_vmalloc_addr(v->pages)) seq_puts(m, " vpages"); show_numa_info(m, v); seq_putc(m, '\n'); /* * As a final step, dump "unpurged" areas. Note, * that entire "/proc/vmallocinfo" output will not * be address sorted, because the purge list is not * sorted. */ if (list_is_last(&va->list, &vmap_area_list)) show_purge_info(m); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations vmalloc_op = { .start = s_start, .next = s_next, .stop = s_stop, .show = s_show, }; static int __init proc_vmalloc_init(void) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA)) proc_create_seq_private("vmallocinfo", 0400, NULL, &vmalloc_op, nr_node_ids * sizeof(unsigned int), NULL); else proc_create_seq("vmallocinfo", 0400, NULL, &vmalloc_op); return 0; } module_init(proc_vmalloc_init); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 #ifndef __NET_SCHED_CODEL_IMPL_H #define __NET_SCHED_CODEL_IMPL_H /* * Codel - The Controlled-Delay Active Queue Management algorithm * * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Kathleen Nichols <nichols@pollere.com> * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Van Jacobson <van@pollere.net> * Copyright (C) 2012 Michael D. Taht <dave.taht@bufferbloat.net> * Copyright (C) 2012,2015 Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer, * without modification. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. The names of the authors may not be used to endorse or promote products * derived from this software without specific prior written permission. * * Alternatively, provided that this notice is retained in full, this * software may be distributed under the terms of the GNU General * Public License ("GPL") version 2, in which case the provisions of the * GPL apply INSTEAD OF those given above. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH * DAMAGE. * */ /* Controlling Queue Delay (CoDel) algorithm * ========================================= * Source : Kathleen Nichols and Van Jacobson * http://queue.acm.org/detail.cfm?id=2209336 * * Implemented on linux by Dave Taht and Eric Dumazet */ static void codel_params_init(struct codel_params *params) { params->interval = MS2TIME(100); params->target = MS2TIME(5); params->ce_threshold = CODEL_DISABLED_THRESHOLD; params->ecn = false; } static void codel_vars_init(struct codel_vars *vars) { memset(vars, 0, sizeof(*vars)); } static void codel_stats_init(struct codel_stats *stats) { stats->maxpacket = 0; } /* * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methods_of_computing_square_roots#Iterative_methods_for_reciprocal_square_roots * new_invsqrt = (invsqrt / 2) * (3 - count * invsqrt^2) * * Here, invsqrt is a fixed point number (< 1.0), 32bit mantissa, aka Q0.32 */ static void codel_Newton_step(struct codel_vars *vars) { u32 invsqrt = ((u32)vars->rec_inv_sqrt) << REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT; u32 invsqrt2 = ((u64)invsqrt * invsqrt) >> 32; u64 val = (3LL << 32) - ((u64)vars->count * invsqrt2); val >>= 2; /* avoid overflow in following multiply */ val = (val * invsqrt) >> (32 - 2 + 1); vars->rec_inv_sqrt = val >> REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT; } /* * CoDel control_law is t + interval/sqrt(count) * We maintain in rec_inv_sqrt the reciprocal value of sqrt(count) to avoid * both sqrt() and divide operation. */ static codel_time_t codel_control_law(codel_time_t t, codel_time_t interval, u32 rec_inv_sqrt) { return t + reciprocal_scale(interval, rec_inv_sqrt << REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT); } static bool codel_should_drop(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *ctx, struct codel_vars *vars, struct codel_params *params, struct codel_stats *stats, codel_skb_len_t skb_len_func, codel_skb_time_t skb_time_func, u32 *backlog, codel_time_t now) { bool ok_to_drop; u32 skb_len; if (!skb) { vars->first_above_time = 0; return false; } skb_len = skb_len_func(skb); vars->ldelay = now - skb_time_func(skb); if (unlikely(skb_len > stats->maxpacket)) stats->maxpacket = skb_len; if (codel_time_before(vars->ldelay, params->target) || *backlog <= params->mtu) { /* went below - stay below for at least interval */ vars->first_above_time = 0; return false; } ok_to_drop = false; if (vars->first_above_time == 0) { /* just went above from below. If we stay above * for at least interval we'll say it's ok to drop */ vars->first_above_time = now + params->interval; } else if (codel_time_after(now, vars->first_above_time)) { ok_to_drop = true; } return ok_to_drop; } static struct sk_buff *codel_dequeue(void *ctx, u32 *backlog, struct codel_params *params, struct codel_vars *vars, struct codel_stats *stats, codel_skb_len_t skb_len_func, codel_skb_time_t skb_time_func, codel_skb_drop_t drop_func, codel_skb_dequeue_t dequeue_func) { struct sk_buff *skb = dequeue_func(vars, ctx); codel_time_t now; bool drop; if (!skb) { vars->dropping = false; return skb; } now = codel_get_time(); drop = codel_should_drop(skb, ctx, vars, params, stats, skb_len_func, skb_time_func, backlog, now); if (vars->dropping) { if (!drop) { /* sojourn time below target - leave dropping state */ vars->dropping = false; } else if (codel_time_after_eq(now, vars->drop_next)) { /* It's time for the next drop. Drop the current * packet and dequeue the next. The dequeue might * take us out of dropping state. * If not, schedule the next drop. * A large backlog might result in drop rates so high * that the next drop should happen now, * hence the while loop. */ while (vars->dropping && codel_time_after_eq(now, vars->drop_next)) { vars->count++; /* dont care of possible wrap * since there is no more divide */ codel_Newton_step(vars); if (params->ecn && INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) { stats->ecn_mark++; vars->drop_next = codel_control_law(vars->drop_next, params->interval, vars->rec_inv_sqrt); goto end; } stats->drop_len += skb_len_func(skb); drop_func(skb, ctx); stats->drop_count++; skb = dequeue_func(vars, ctx); if (!codel_should_drop(skb, ctx, vars, params, stats, skb_len_func, skb_time_func, backlog, now)) { /* leave dropping state */ vars->dropping = false; } else { /* and schedule the next drop */ vars->drop_next = codel_control_law(vars->drop_next, params->interval, vars->rec_inv_sqrt); } } } } else if (drop) { u32 delta; if (params->ecn && INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) { stats->ecn_mark++; } else { stats->drop_len += skb_len_func(skb); drop_func(skb, ctx); stats->drop_count++; skb = dequeue_func(vars, ctx); drop = codel_should_drop(skb, ctx, vars, params, stats, skb_len_func, skb_time_func, backlog, now); } vars->dropping = true; /* if min went above target close to when we last went below it * assume that the drop rate that controlled the queue on the * last cycle is a good starting point to control it now. */ delta = vars->count - vars->lastcount; if (delta > 1 && codel_time_before(now - vars->drop_next, 16 * params->interval)) { vars->count = delta; /* we dont care if rec_inv_sqrt approximation * is not very precise : * Next Newton steps will correct it quadratically. */ codel_Newton_step(vars); } else { vars->count = 1; vars->rec_inv_sqrt = ~0U >> REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT; } vars->lastcount = vars->count; vars->drop_next = codel_control_law(now, params->interval, vars->rec_inv_sqrt); } end: if (skb && codel_time_after(vars->ldelay, params->ce_threshold) && INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) stats->ce_mark++; return skb; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This file provides wrappers with sanitizer instrumentation for non-atomic * bit operations. * * To use this functionality, an arch's bitops.h file needs to define each of * the below bit operations with an arch_ prefix (e.g. arch_set_bit(), * arch___set_bit(), etc.). */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/instrumented.h> /** * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to clear * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike clear_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to change * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___change_bit(nr, addr); } static inline void __instrument_read_write_bitop(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCSAN_ASSUME_PLAIN_WRITES_ATOMIC)) { /* * We treat non-atomic read-write bitops a little more special. * Given the operations here only modify a single bit, assuming * non-atomicity of the writer is sufficient may be reasonable * for certain usage (and follows the permissible nature of the * assume-plain-writes-atomic rule): * 1. report read-modify-write races -> check read; * 2. do not report races with marked readers, but do report * races with unmarked readers -> check "atomic" write. */ kcsan_check_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); /* * Use generic write instrumentation, in case other sanitizers * or tools are enabled alongside KCSAN. */ instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } else { instrument_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } } /** * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to set * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_change_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_bit - Determine whether a bit is set * @nr: bit number to test * @addr: Address to start counting from */ static inline bool test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_bit(nr, addr); } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * This file holds USB constants and structures that are needed for * USB device APIs. These are used by the USB device model, which is * defined in chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification and in the * Wireless USB 1.0 (spread around). Linux has several APIs in C that * need these: * * - the master/host side Linux-USB kernel driver API; * - the "usbfs" user space API; and * - the Linux "gadget" slave/device/peripheral side driver API. * * USB 2.0 adds an additional "On The Go" (OTG) mode, which lets systems * act either as a USB master/host or as a USB slave/device. That means * the master and slave side APIs benefit from working well together. * * There's also "Wireless USB", using low power short range radios for * peripheral interconnection but otherwise building on the USB framework. * * Note all descriptors are declared '__attribute__((packed))' so that: * * [a] they never get padded, either internally (USB spec writers * probably handled that) or externally; * * [b] so that accessing bigger-than-a-bytes fields will never * generate bus errors on any platform, even when the location of * its descriptor inside a bundle isn't "naturally aligned", and * * [c] for consistency, removing all doubt even when it appears to * someone that the two other points are non-issues for that * particular descriptor type. */ #ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #define _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #include <linux/types.h> /* __u8 etc */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* le16_to_cpu */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* CONTROL REQUEST SUPPORT */ /* * USB directions * * This bit flag is used in endpoint descriptors' bEndpointAddress field. * It's also one of three fields in control requests bRequestType. */ #define USB_DIR_OUT 0 /* to device */ #define USB_DIR_IN 0x80 /* to host */ /* * USB types, the second of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_TYPE_MASK (0x03 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_STANDARD (0x00 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_CLASS (0x01 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_VENDOR (0x02 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_RESERVED (0x03 << 5) /* * USB recipients, the third of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_RECIP_MASK 0x1f #define USB_RECIP_DEVICE 0x00 #define USB_RECIP_INTERFACE 0x01 #define USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT 0x02 #define USB_RECIP_OTHER 0x03 /* From Wireless USB 1.0 */ #define USB_RECIP_PORT 0x04 #define USB_RECIP_RPIPE 0x05 /* * Standard requests, for the bRequest field of a SETUP packet. * * These are qualified by the bRequestType field, so that for example * TYPE_CLASS or TYPE_VENDOR specific feature flags could be retrieved * by a GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_REQ_GET_STATUS 0x00 #define USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE 0x01 #define USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE 0x03 #define USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS 0x05 #define USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR 0x06 #define USB_REQ_SET_DESCRIPTOR 0x07 #define USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION 0x08 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION 0x09 #define USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE 0x0A #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE 0x0B #define USB_REQ_SYNCH_FRAME 0x0C #define USB_REQ_SET_SEL 0x30 #define USB_REQ_SET_ISOCH_DELAY 0x31 #define USB_REQ_SET_ENCRYPTION 0x0D /* Wireless USB */ #define USB_REQ_GET_ENCRYPTION 0x0E #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_ABORT 0x0E #define USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE 0x0F #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_RESET 0x0F #define USB_REQ_GET_HANDSHAKE 0x10 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION 0x11 #define USB_REQ_SET_SECURITY_DATA 0x12 #define USB_REQ_GET_SECURITY_DATA 0x13 #define USB_REQ_SET_WUSB_DATA 0x14 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_WRITE 0x15 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_READ 0x16 #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE_DS 0x17 /* specific requests for USB Power Delivery */ #define USB_REQ_GET_PARTNER_PDO 20 #define USB_REQ_GET_BATTERY_STATUS 21 #define USB_REQ_SET_PDO 22 #define USB_REQ_GET_VDM 23 #define USB_REQ_SEND_VDM 24 /* The Link Power Management (LPM) ECN defines USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET command, * used by hubs to put ports into a new L1 suspend state, except that it * forgot to define its number ... */ /* * USB feature flags are written using USB_REQ_{CLEAR,SET}_FEATURE, and * are read as a bit array returned by USB_REQ_GET_STATUS. (So there * are at most sixteen features of each type.) Hubs may also support a * new USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET_FEATURE to put ports into L1 suspend. */ #define USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED 0 /* (read only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP 1 /* dev may initiate wakeup */ #define USB_DEVICE_TEST_MODE 2 /* (wired high speed only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY 2 /* (wireless) */ #define USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE 3 /* (otg) dev may initiate HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_WUSB_DEVICE 3 /* (wireless)*/ #define USB_DEVICE_A_HNP_SUPPORT 4 /* (otg) RH port supports HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT 5 /* (otg) other RH port does */ #define USB_DEVICE_DEBUG_MODE 6 /* (special devices only) */ /* * Test Mode Selectors * See USB 2.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_TEST_J 1 #define USB_TEST_K 2 #define USB_TEST_SE0_NAK 3 #define USB_TEST_PACKET 4 #define USB_TEST_FORCE_ENABLE 5 /* Status Type */ #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_STANDARD 0 #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_PTM 1 /* * New Feature Selectors as added by USB 3.0 * See USB 3.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE 48 /* dev may initiate U1 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE 49 /* dev may initiate U2 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE 50 /* dev may send LTM */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND 0 /* function suspend */ #define USB_INTR_FUNC_SUSPEND_OPT_MASK 0xFF00 /* * Suspend Options, Table 9-8 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP (1 << (8 + 0)) #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW (1 << (8 + 1)) /* * Interface status, Figure 9-5 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP 1 #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_HALT 0 /* IN/OUT will STALL */ /* Bit array elements as returned by the USB_REQ_GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U1_ENABLED 2 /* transition into U1 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U2_ENABLED 3 /* transition into U2 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_LTM_ENABLED 4 /* Latency tolerance messages */ /* * Feature selectors from Table 9-8 USB Power Delivery spec */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY_WAKE_MASK 40 #define USB_DEVICE_OS_IS_PD_AWARE 41 #define USB_DEVICE_POLICY_MODE 42 #define USB_PORT_PR_SWAP 43 #define USB_PORT_GOTO_MIN 44 #define USB_PORT_RETURN_POWER 45 #define USB_PORT_ACCEPT_PD_REQUEST 46 #define USB_PORT_REJECT_PD_REQUEST 47 #define USB_PORT_PORT_PD_RESET 48 #define USB_PORT_C_PORT_PD_CHANGE 49 #define USB_PORT_CABLE_PD_RESET 50 #define USB_DEVICE_CHARGING_POLICY 54 /** * struct usb_ctrlrequest - SETUP data for a USB device control request * @bRequestType: matches the USB bmRequestType field * @bRequest: matches the USB bRequest field * @wValue: matches the USB wValue field (le16 byte order) * @wIndex: matches the USB wIndex field (le16 byte order) * @wLength: matches the USB wLength field (le16 byte order) * * This structure is used to send control requests to a USB device. It matches * the different fields of the USB 2.0 Spec section 9.3, table 9-2. See the * USB spec for a fuller description of the different fields, and what they are * used for. * * Note that the driver for any interface can issue control requests. * For most devices, interfaces don't coordinate with each other, so * such requests may be made at any time. */ struct usb_ctrlrequest { __u8 bRequestType; __u8 bRequest; __le16 wValue; __le16 wIndex; __le16 wLength; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * STANDARD DESCRIPTORS ... as returned by GET_DESCRIPTOR, or * (rarely) accepted by SET_DESCRIPTOR. * * Note that all multi-byte values here are encoded in little endian * byte order "on the wire". Within the kernel and when exposed * through the Linux-USB APIs, they are not converted to cpu byte * order; it is the responsibility of the client code to do this. * The single exception is when device and configuration descriptors (but * not other descriptors) are read from character devices * (i.e. /dev/bus/usb/BBB/DDD); * in this case the fields are converted to host endianness by the kernel. */ /* * Descriptor types ... USB 2.0 spec table 9.5 */ #define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01 #define USB_DT_CONFIG 0x02 #define USB_DT_STRING 0x03 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT 0x05 #define USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER 0x06 #define USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG 0x07 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_POWER 0x08 /* these are from a minor usb 2.0 revision (ECN) */ #define USB_DT_OTG 0x09 #define USB_DT_DEBUG 0x0a #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION 0x0b /* these are from the Wireless USB spec */ #define USB_DT_SECURITY 0x0c #define USB_DT_KEY 0x0d #define USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE 0x0e #define USB_DT_BOS 0x0f #define USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY 0x10 #define USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x11 #define USB_DT_WIRE_ADAPTER 0x21 #define USB_DT_RPIPE 0x22 #define USB_DT_CS_RADIO_CONTROL 0x23 /* From the T10 UAS specification */ #define USB_DT_PIPE_USAGE 0x24 /* From the USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x30 /* From the USB 3.1 spec */ #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x31 /* Conventional codes for class-specific descriptors. The convention is * defined in the USB "Common Class" Spec (3.11). Individual class specs * are authoritative for their usage, not the "common class" writeup. */ #define USB_DT_CS_DEVICE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_DEVICE) #define USB_DT_CS_CONFIG (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_CONFIG) #define USB_DT_CS_STRING (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_STRING) #define USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_INTERFACE) #define USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_ENDPOINT) /* All standard descriptors have these 2 fields at the beginning */ struct usb_descriptor_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE: Device descriptor */ struct usb_device_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __le16 idVendor; __le16 idProduct; __le16 bcdDevice; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 iProduct; __u8 iSerialNumber; __u8 bNumConfigurations; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_DEVICE_SIZE 18 /* * Device and/or Interface Class codes * as found in bDeviceClass or bInterfaceClass * and defined by www.usb.org documents */ #define USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE 0 /* for DeviceClass */ #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO 1 #define USB_CLASS_COMM 2 #define USB_CLASS_HID 3 #define USB_CLASS_PHYSICAL 5 #define USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE 6 #define USB_CLASS_PRINTER 7 #define USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE 8 #define USB_CLASS_HUB 9 #define USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA 0x0a #define USB_CLASS_CSCID 0x0b /* chip+ smart card */ #define USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC 0x0d /* content security */ #define USB_CLASS_VIDEO 0x0e #define USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER 0xe0 #define USB_CLASS_PERSONAL_HEALTHCARE 0x0f #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO_VIDEO 0x10 #define USB_CLASS_BILLBOARD 0x11 #define USB_CLASS_USB_TYPE_C_BRIDGE 0x12 #define USB_CLASS_MISC 0xef #define USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC 0xfe #define USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff #define USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_CONFIG: Configuration descriptor information. * * USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG is the same descriptor, except that the * descriptor type is different. Highspeed-capable devices can look * different depending on what speed they're currently running. Only * devices with a USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER have any OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG * descriptors. */ struct usb_config_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumInterfaces; __u8 bConfigurationValue; __u8 iConfiguration; __u8 bmAttributes; __u8 bMaxPower; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE 9 /* from config descriptor bmAttributes */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE (1 << 7) /* must be set */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER (1 << 6) /* self powered */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP (1 << 5) /* can wakeup */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_BATTERY (1 << 4) /* battery powered */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB String descriptors can contain at most 126 characters. */ #define USB_MAX_STRING_LEN 126 /* USB_DT_STRING: String descriptor */ struct usb_string_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* note that "string" zero is special, it holds language codes that * the device supports, not Unicode characters. */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE: Interface descriptor */ struct usb_interface_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bInterfaceNumber; __u8 bAlternateSetting; __u8 bNumEndpoints; __u8 bInterfaceClass; __u8 bInterfaceSubClass; __u8 bInterfaceProtocol; __u8 iInterface; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE 9 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENDPOINT: Endpoint descriptor */ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEndpointAddress; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wMaxPacketSize; __u8 bInterval; /* NOTE: these two are _only_ in audio endpoints. */ /* use USB_DT_ENDPOINT*_SIZE in bLength, not sizeof. */ __u8 bRefresh; __u8 bSynchAddress; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE 7 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE 9 /* Audio extension */ /* * Endpoints */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK 0x0f /* in bEndpointAddress */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK 0x03 /* in bmAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT 3 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAX_ADJUSTABLE 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK 0x07ff #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT 11 #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK (3 << USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(m) \ (((m) & USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK) >> USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) /* The USB 3.0 spec redefines bits 5:4 of bmAttributes as interrupt ep type. */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_PERIODIC (0 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE 0x0c #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_NONE (0 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC (1 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE (2 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC (3 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_DATA 0x00 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_FEEDBACK 0x10 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB 0x20 /* Implicit feedback Data endpoint */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /** * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according * to @epd's transfer type. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN); } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type isochronous, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in - check if the endpoint is bulk IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out - check if the endpoint is bulk OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_in - check if the endpoint is interrupt IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_out - check if the endpoint is interrupt OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in - check if the endpoint is isochronous IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out - check if the endpoint is isochronous OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp - get endpoint's max packet size * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's max packet bits [10:0] */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize) & USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp_mult - get endpoint's transactional opportunities * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Return @epd's wMaxPacketSize[12:11] + 1 */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { int maxp = __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize); return USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(maxp) + 1; } static inline int usb_endpoint_interrupt_type( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeedPlus Isochronous Endpoint Companion * descriptor */ struct usb_ssp_isoc_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wReseved; __le32 dwBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_EP_COMP_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeed Endpoint Companion descriptor */ struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SS_EP_COMP_SIZE 6 /* Bits 4:0 of bmAttributes if this is a bulk endpoint */ static inline int usb_ss_max_streams(const struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor *comp) { int max_streams; if (!comp) return 0; max_streams = comp->bmAttributes & 0x1f; if (!max_streams) return 0; max_streams = 1 << max_streams; return max_streams; } /* Bits 1:0 of bmAttributes if this is an isoc endpoint */ #define USB_SS_MULT(p) (1 + ((p) & 0x3)) /* Bit 7 of bmAttributes if a SSP isoc endpoint companion descriptor exists */ #define USB_SS_SSP_ISOC_COMP(p) ((p) & (1 << 7)) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER: Device Qualifier descriptor */ struct usb_qualifier_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __u8 bNumConfigurations; __u8 bRESERVED; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 1.0a supplement) */ struct usb_otg_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP, etc */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 2.0 supplement) */ struct usb_otg20_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP and ADP, etc */ __le16 bcdOTG; /* OTG and EH supplement release number * in binary-coded decimal(i.e. 2.0 is 0200H) */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* from usb_otg_descriptor.bmAttributes */ #define USB_OTG_SRP (1 << 0) #define USB_OTG_HNP (1 << 1) /* swap host/device roles */ #define USB_OTG_ADP (1 << 2) /* support ADP */ #define OTG_STS_SELECTOR 0xF000 /* OTG status selector */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEBUG: for special highspeed devices, replacing serial console */ struct usb_debug_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; /* bulk endpoints with 8 byte maxpacket */ __u8 bDebugInEndpoint; __u8 bDebugOutEndpoint; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION: groups interfaces */ struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bFirstInterface; __u8 bInterfaceCount; __u8 bFunctionClass; __u8 bFunctionSubClass; __u8 bFunctionProtocol; __u8 iFunction; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SECURITY: group of wireless security descriptors, including * encryption types available for setting up a CC/association. */ struct usb_security_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumEncryptionTypes; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_KEY: used with {GET,SET}_SECURITY_DATA; only public keys * may be retrieved. */ struct usb_key_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bKeyData[0]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE: bundled in DT_SECURITY groups */ struct usb_encryption_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEncryptionType; #define USB_ENC_TYPE_UNSECURE 0 #define USB_ENC_TYPE_WIRED 1 /* non-wireless mode */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_CCM_1 2 /* aes128/cbc session */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_RSA_1 3 /* rsa3072/sha1 auth */ __u8 bEncryptionValue; /* use in SET_ENCRYPTION */ __u8 bAuthKeyIndex; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_BOS: group of device-level capabilities */ struct usb_bos_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumDeviceCaps; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_BOS_SIZE 5 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY: grouped with BOS */ struct usb_dev_cap_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_CAP_TYPE_WIRELESS_USB 1 struct usb_wireless_cap_descriptor { /* Ultra Wide Band */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_WIRELESS_P2P_DRD (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_MASK (3 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_SELF (1 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_DIRECTED (2 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_NONE (3 << 2) __le16 wPHYRates; /* bit rates, Mbps */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_53 (1 << 0) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_80 (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_107 (1 << 2) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_160 (1 << 3) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_200 (1 << 4) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_320 (1 << 5) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_400 (1 << 6) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_480 (1 << 7) __u8 bmTFITXPowerInfo; /* TFI power levels */ __u8 bmFFITXPowerInfo; /* FFI power levels */ __le16 bmBandGroup; __u8 bReserved; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_WIRELESS_CAP_SIZE 11 /* USB 2.0 Extension descriptor */ #define USB_CAP_TYPE_EXT 2 struct usb_ext_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_LPM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LPM */ #define USB_BESL_SUPPORT (1 << 2) /* supports BESL */ #define USB_BESL_BASELINE_VALID (1 << 3) /* Baseline BESL valid*/ #define USB_BESL_DEEP_VALID (1 << 4) /* Deep BESL valid */ #define USB_SET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 8) #define USB_SET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 12) #define USB_GET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & (0xf << 8)) >> 8) #define USB_GET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & (0xf << 12)) >> 12) } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_EXT_CAP_SIZE 7 /* * SuperSpeed USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of SuperSpeed USB * specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SS_CAP_TYPE 3 struct usb_ss_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_LTM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LTM */ __le16 wSpeedSupported; #define USB_LOW_SPEED_OPERATION (1) /* Low speed operation */ #define USB_FULL_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 1) /* Full speed operation */ #define USB_HIGH_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 2) /* High speed operation */ #define USB_5GBPS_OPERATION (1 << 3) /* Operation at 5Gbps */ __u8 bFunctionalitySupport; __u8 bU1devExitLat; __le16 bU2DevExitLat; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CAP_SIZE 10 /* * Container ID Capability descriptor: Defines the instance unique ID used to * identify the instance across all operating modes */ #define CONTAINER_ID_TYPE 4 struct usb_ss_container_id_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 ContainerID[16]; /* 128-bit number */ } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CONTN_ID_SIZE 20 /* * SuperSpeed Plus USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of * SuperSpeed Plus USB specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SSP_CAP_TYPE 0xa struct usb_ssp_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBS (0x1f << 0) /* sublink speed entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_IDS (0xf << 5) /* speed ID entries */ __le16 wFunctionalitySupport; #define USB_SSP_MIN_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBUTE_ID (0xf) #define USB_SSP_MIN_RX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 8) #define USB_SSP_MIN_TX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 12) __le16 wReserved; __le32 bmSublinkSpeedAttr[1]; /* list of sublink speed attrib entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_SSID (0xf) /* sublink speed ID */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSE (0x3 << 4) /* Lanespeed exponent */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ST (0x3 << 6) /* Sublink type */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_RSVD (0x3f << 8) /* Reserved */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LP (0x3 << 14) /* Link protocol */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSM (0xff << 16) /* Lanespeed mantissa */ } __attribute__((packed)); /* * USB Power Delivery Capability Descriptor: * Defines capabilities for PD */ /* Defines the various PD Capabilities of this device */ #define USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY 0x06 /* Provides information on each battery supported by the device */ #define USB_PD_BATTERY_INFO_CAPABILITY 0x07 /* The Consumer characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_CONSUMER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x08 /* The provider characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_PROVIDER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x09 struct usb_pd_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* set to USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY */ __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_PD_CAP_BATTERY_CHARGING (1 << 1) /* supports Battery Charging specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_USB_PD (1 << 2) /* supports USB Power Delivery specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER (1 << 3) /* can provide power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER (1 << 4) /* can consume power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CHARGING_POLICY (1 << 5) /* supports CHARGING_POLICY feature */ #define USB_PD_CAP_TYPE_C_CURRENT (1 << 6) /* supports power capabilities defined in the USB Type-C Specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_AC (1 << 8) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_BAT (1 << 9) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_USE_V_BUS (1 << 14) __le16 bmProviderPorts; /* Bit zero refers to the UFP of the device */ __le16 bmConsumerPorts; __le16 bcdBCVersion; __le16 bcdPDVersion; __le16 bcdUSBTypeCVersion; } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_battery_info_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the user friendly name for this battery */ __u8 iBattery; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the Serial Number String for this battery */ __u8 iSerial; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 bBatteryId; /* uniquely identifies this battery in status Messages */ __u8 bReserved; /* * Shall contain the Battery Charge value above which this * battery is considered to be fully charged but not necessarily * “topped off.” */ __le32 dwChargedThreshold; /* in mWh */ /* * Shall contain the minimum charge level of this battery such * that above this threshold, a device can be assured of being * able to power up successfully (see Battery Charging 1.2). */ __le32 dwWeakThreshold; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryDesignCapacity; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryLastFullchargeCapacity; /* in mWh */ } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_consumer_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __le16 wMinVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __le16 wMaxVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __u16 wReserved; __le32 dwMaxOperatingPower; /* in 10 mW - operating at steady state */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPower; /* in 10mW units - operating at peak power */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPowerTime; /* in 100ms units - duration of peak */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_UNKNOWN_PEAK_POWER_TIME 0xffff } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_provider_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved1; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __u8 bNumOfPDObjects; __u8 bReserved2; __le32 wPowerDataObject[]; } __attribute__((packed)); /* * Precision time measurement capability descriptor: advertised by devices and * hubs that support PTM */ #define USB_PTM_CAP_TYPE 0xb struct usb_ptm_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_PTM_ID_SIZE 3 /* * The size of the descriptor for the Sublink Speed Attribute Count * (SSAC) specified in bmAttributes[4:0]. SSAC is zero-based */ #define USB_DT_USB_SSP_CAP_SIZE(ssac) (12 + (ssac + 1) * 4) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP: companion descriptor associated with * each endpoint descriptor for a wireless device */ struct usb_wireless_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bMaxSequence; __le16 wMaxStreamDelay; __le16 wOverTheAirPacketSize; __u8 bOverTheAirInterval; __u8 bmCompAttributes; #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_MASK 0x03 /* in bmCompAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_NO 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SWITCH 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SCALE 2 } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE is a four-way handshake used between a wireless * host and a device for connection set up, mutual authentication, and * exchanging short lived session keys. The handshake depends on a CC. */ struct usb_handshake { __u8 bMessageNumber; __u8 bStatus; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 CDID[16]; __u8 nonce[16]; __u8 MIC[8]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION modifies or revokes a connection context (CC). * A CC may also be set up using non-wireless secure channels (including * wired USB!), and some devices may support CCs with multiple hosts. */ struct usb_connection_context { __u8 CHID[16]; /* persistent host id */ __u8 CDID[16]; /* device id (unique w/in host context) */ __u8 CK[16]; /* connection key */ } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB 2.0 defines three speeds, here's how Linux identifies them */ enum usb_device_speed { USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN = 0, /* enumerating */ USB_SPEED_LOW, USB_SPEED_FULL, /* usb 1.1 */ USB_SPEED_HIGH, /* usb 2.0 */ USB_SPEED_WIRELESS, /* wireless (usb 2.5) */ USB_SPEED_SUPER, /* usb 3.0 */ USB_SPEED_SUPER_PLUS, /* usb 3.1 */ }; enum usb_device_state { /* NOTATTACHED isn't in the USB spec, and this state acts * the same as ATTACHED ... but it's clearer this way. */ USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED = 0, /* chapter 9 and authentication (wireless) device states */ USB_STATE_ATTACHED, USB_STATE_POWERED, /* wired */ USB_STATE_RECONNECTING, /* auth */ USB_STATE_UNAUTHENTICATED, /* auth */ USB_STATE_DEFAULT, /* limited function */ USB_STATE_ADDRESS, USB_STATE_CONFIGURED, /* most functions */ USB_STATE_SUSPENDED /* NOTE: there are actually four different SUSPENDED * states, returning to POWERED, DEFAULT, ADDRESS, or * CONFIGURED respectively when SOF tokens flow again. * At this level there's no difference between L1 and L2 * suspend states. (L2 being original USB 1.1 suspend.) */ }; enum usb3_link_state { USB3_LPM_U0 = 0, USB3_LPM_U1, USB3_LPM_U2, USB3_LPM_U3 }; /* * A U1 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U1. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U1, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U1 timeout of 0x1 to 0x7F also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U1 after that many microseconds. Timeouts of 0x80 to 0xFE are reserved * values. * * A U2 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U2. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U2, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U2 timeout of 0x1 to 0xFE also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U2 after N*256 microseconds. Therefore a U2 timeout value of 0x1 means a U2 * idle timer of 256 microseconds, 0x2 means 512 microseconds, 0xFE means * 65.024ms. */ #define USB3_LPM_DISABLED 0x0 #define USB3_LPM_U1_MAX_TIMEOUT 0x7F #define USB3_LPM_U2_MAX_TIMEOUT 0xFE #define USB3_LPM_DEVICE_INITIATED 0xFF struct usb_set_sel_req { __u8 u1_sel; __u8 u1_pel; __le16 u2_sel; __le16 u2_pel; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* * The Set System Exit Latency control transfer provides one byte each for * U1 SEL and U1 PEL, so the max exit latency is 0xFF. U2 SEL and U2 PEL each * are two bytes long. */ #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL 0xFF #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL 0xFFFF /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * As per USB compliance update, a device that is actively drawing * more than 100mA from USB must report itself as bus-powered in * the GetStatus(DEVICE) call. * https://compliance.usb.org/index.asp?UpdateFile=Electrical&Format=Standard#34 */ #define USB_SELF_POWER_VBUS_MAX_DRAW 100 #endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H */
5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PTRACE_H #define _ASM_X86_PTRACE_H #include <asm/segment.h> #include <asm/page_types.h> #include <uapi/asm/ptrace.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef __i386__ struct pt_regs { /* * NB: 32-bit x86 CPUs are inconsistent as what happens in the * following cases (where %seg represents a segment register): * * - pushl %seg: some do a 16-bit write and leave the high * bits alone * - movl %seg, [mem]: some do a 16-bit write despite the movl * - IDT entry: some (e.g. 486) will leave the high bits of CS * and (if applicable) SS undefined. * * Fortunately, x86-32 doesn't read the high bits on POP or IRET, * so we can just treat all of the segment registers as 16-bit * values. */ unsigned long bx; unsigned long cx; unsigned long dx; unsigned long si; unsigned long di; unsigned long bp; unsigned long ax; unsigned short ds; unsigned short __dsh; unsigned short es; unsigned short __esh; unsigned short fs; unsigned short __fsh; /* On interrupt, gs and __gsh store the vector number. */ unsigned short gs; unsigned short __gsh; /* On interrupt, this is the error code. */ unsigned long orig_ax; unsigned long ip; unsigned short cs; unsigned short __csh; unsigned long flags; unsigned long sp; unsigned short ss; unsigned short __ssh; }; #else /* __i386__ */ struct pt_regs { /* * C ABI says these regs are callee-preserved. They aren't saved on kernel entry * unless syscall needs a complete, fully filled "struct pt_regs". */ unsigned long r15; unsigned long r14; unsigned long r13; unsigned long r12; unsigned long bp; unsigned long bx; /* These regs are callee-clobbered. Always saved on kernel entry. */ unsigned long r11; unsigned long r10; unsigned long r9; unsigned long r8; unsigned long ax; unsigned long cx; unsigned long dx; unsigned long si; unsigned long di; /* * On syscall entry, this is syscall#. On CPU exception, this is error code. * On hw interrupt, it's IRQ number: */ unsigned long orig_ax; /* Return frame for iretq */ unsigned long ip; unsigned long cs; unsigned long flags; unsigned long sp; unsigned long ss; /* top of stack page */ }; #endif /* !__i386__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT #include <asm/paravirt_types.h> #endif #include <asm/proto.h> struct cpuinfo_x86; struct task_struct; extern unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs); extern unsigned long convert_ip_to_linear(struct task_struct *child, struct pt_regs *regs); extern void send_sigtrap(struct pt_regs *regs, int error_code, int si_code); static inline unsigned long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs) { return regs->ax; } static inline void regs_set_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long rc) { regs->ax = rc; } /* * user_mode(regs) determines whether a register set came from user * mode. On x86_32, this is true if V8086 mode was enabled OR if the * register set was from protected mode with RPL-3 CS value. This * tricky test checks that with one comparison. * * On x86_64, vm86 mode is mercifully nonexistent, and we don't need * the extra check. */ static __always_inline int user_mode(struct pt_regs *regs) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 return ((regs->cs & SEGMENT_RPL_MASK) | (regs->flags & X86_VM_MASK)) >= USER_RPL; #else return !!(regs->cs & 3); #endif } static inline int v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 return (regs->flags & X86_VM_MASK); #else return 0; /* No V86 mode support in long mode */ #endif } static inline bool user_64bit_mode(struct pt_regs *regs) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL /* * On non-paravirt systems, this is the only long mode CPL 3 * selector. We do not allow long mode selectors in the LDT. */ return regs->cs == __USER_CS; #else /* Headers are too twisted for this to go in paravirt.h. */ return regs->cs == __USER_CS || regs->cs == pv_info.extra_user_64bit_cs; #endif #else /* !CONFIG_X86_64 */ return false; #endif } /* * Determine whether the register set came from any context that is running in * 64-bit mode. */ static inline bool any_64bit_mode(struct pt_regs *regs) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 return !user_mode(regs) || user_64bit_mode(regs); #else return false; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define current_user_stack_pointer() current_pt_regs()->sp #define compat_user_stack_pointer() current_pt_regs()->sp static inline bool ip_within_syscall_gap(struct pt_regs *regs) { bool ret = (regs->ip >= (unsigned long)entry_SYSCALL_64 && regs->ip < (unsigned long)entry_SYSCALL_64_safe_stack); #ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION ret = ret || (regs->ip >= (unsigned long)entry_SYSCALL_compat && regs->ip < (unsigned long)entry_SYSCALL_compat_safe_stack); #endif return ret; } #endif static inline unsigned long kernel_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs) { return regs->sp; } static inline unsigned long instruction_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs) { return regs->ip; } static inline void instruction_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long val) { regs->ip = val; } static inline unsigned long frame_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs) { return regs->bp; } static inline unsigned long user_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs) { return regs->sp; } static inline void user_stack_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long val) { regs->sp = val; } static __always_inline bool regs_irqs_disabled(struct pt_regs *regs) { return !(regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_IF); } /* Query offset/name of register from its name/offset */ extern int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name); extern const char *regs_query_register_name(unsigned int offset); #define MAX_REG_OFFSET (offsetof(struct pt_regs, ss)) /** * regs_get_register() - get register value from its offset * @regs: pt_regs from which register value is gotten. * @offset: offset number of the register. * * regs_get_register returns the value of a register. The @offset is the * offset of the register in struct pt_regs address which specified by @regs. * If @offset is bigger than MAX_REG_OFFSET, this returns 0. */ static inline unsigned long regs_get_register(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int offset) { if (unlikely(offset > MAX_REG_OFFSET)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* The selector fields are 16-bit. */ if (offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, cs) || offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, ss) || offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, ds) || offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, es) || offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, fs) || offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, gs)) { return *(u16 *)((unsigned long)regs + offset); } #endif return *(unsigned long *)((unsigned long)regs + offset); } /** * regs_within_kernel_stack() - check the address in the stack * @regs: pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer. * @addr: address which is checked. * * regs_within_kernel_stack() checks @addr is within the kernel stack page(s). * If @addr is within the kernel stack, it returns true. If not, returns false. */ static inline int regs_within_kernel_stack(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr) { return ((addr & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)) == (regs->sp & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1))); } /** * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth_addr() - get the address of the Nth entry on stack * @regs: pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer. * @n: stack entry number. * * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() returns the address of the @n th entry of the * kernel stack which is specified by @regs. If the @n th entry is NOT in * the kernel stack, this returns NULL. */ static inline unsigned long *regs_get_kernel_stack_nth_addr(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int n) { unsigned long *addr = (unsigned long *)regs->sp; addr += n; if (regs_within_kernel_stack(regs, (unsigned long)addr)) return addr; else return NULL; } /* To avoid include hell, we can't include uaccess.h */ extern long copy_from_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); /** * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() - get Nth entry of the stack * @regs: pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer. * @n: stack entry number. * * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() returns @n th entry of the kernel stack which * is specified by @regs. If the @n th entry is NOT in the kernel stack * this returns 0. */ static inline unsigned long regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int n) { unsigned long *addr; unsigned long val; long ret; addr = regs_get_kernel_stack_nth_addr(regs, n); if (addr) { ret = copy_from_kernel_nofault(&val, addr, sizeof(val)); if (!ret) return val; } return 0; } /** * regs_get_kernel_argument() - get Nth function argument in kernel * @regs: pt_regs of that context * @n: function argument number (start from 0) * * regs_get_argument() returns @n th argument of the function call. * Note that this chooses most probably assignment, in some case * it can be incorrect. * This is expected to be called from kprobes or ftrace with regs * where the top of stack is the return address. */ static inline unsigned long regs_get_kernel_argument(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int n) { static const unsigned int argument_offs[] = { #ifdef __i386__ offsetof(struct pt_regs, ax), offsetof(struct pt_regs, dx), offsetof(struct pt_regs, cx), #define NR_REG_ARGUMENTS 3 #else offsetof(struct pt_regs, di), offsetof(struct pt_regs, si), offsetof(struct pt_regs, dx), offsetof(struct pt_regs, cx), offsetof(struct pt_regs, r8), offsetof(struct pt_regs, r9), #define NR_REG_ARGUMENTS 6 #endif }; if (n >= NR_REG_ARGUMENTS) { n -= NR_REG_ARGUMENTS - 1; return regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(regs, n); } else return regs_get_register(regs, argument_offs[n]); } #define arch_has_single_step() (1) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUGCTLMSR #define arch_has_block_step() (1) #else #define arch_has_block_step() (boot_cpu_data.x86 >= 6) #endif #define ARCH_HAS_USER_SINGLE_STEP_REPORT struct user_desc; extern int do_get_thread_area(struct task_struct *p, int idx, struct user_desc __user *info); extern int do_set_thread_area(struct task_struct *p, int idx, struct user_desc __user *info, int can_allocate); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 # define do_set_thread_area_64(p, s, t) do_arch_prctl_64(p, s, t) #else # define do_set_thread_area_64(p, s, t) (0) #endif #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PTRACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H /* * RCU-protected bl list version. See include/linux/list_bl.h. */ #include <linux/list_bl.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> static inline void hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h, struct hlist_bl_node *n) { LIST_BL_BUG_ON((unsigned long)n & LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); LIST_BL_BUG_ON(((unsigned long)h->first & LIST_BL_LOCKMASK) != LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); rcu_assign_pointer(h->first, (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)n | LIST_BL_LOCKMASK)); } static inline struct hlist_bl_node *hlist_bl_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h) { return (struct hlist_bl_node *) ((unsigned long)rcu_dereference_check(h->first, hlist_bl_is_locked(h)) & ~LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); } /** * hlist_bl_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_bl_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_bl_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_bl_del_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n) { __hlist_bl_del(n); n->pprev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_bl_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_bl, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n, struct hlist_bl_head *h) { struct hlist_bl_node *first; /* don't need hlist_bl_first_rcu because we're under lock */ first = hlist_bl_first(h); n->next = first; if (first) first->pprev = &n->next; n->pprev = &h->first; /* need _rcu because we can have concurrent lock free readers */ hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(h, n); } /** * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_bl_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_bl_node within the struct. * */ #define hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_bl_first_rcu(head); \ pos && \ ({ tpos = hlist_bl_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/signalfd.h * * Copyright (C) 2007 Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _LINUX_SIGNALFD_H #define _LINUX_SIGNALFD_H #include <uapi/linux/signalfd.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SIGNALFD /* * Deliver the signal to listening signalfd. */ static inline void signalfd_notify(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig) { if (unlikely(waitqueue_active(&tsk->sighand->signalfd_wqh))) wake_up(&tsk->sighand->signalfd_wqh); } extern void signalfd_cleanup(struct sighand_struct *sighand); #else /* CONFIG_SIGNALFD */ static inline void signalfd_notify(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig) { } static inline void signalfd_cleanup(struct sighand_struct *sighand) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SIGNALFD */ #endif /* _LINUX_SIGNALFD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 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scsi_opcode_name(INITIALIZE_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_REVERSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_FILEMARKS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SPACE), \ scsi_opcode_name(INQUIRY), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECOVER_BUFFERED_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY), \ scsi_opcode_name(ERASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(START_STOP), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECEIVE_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(ALLOW_MEDIUM_REMOVAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_WINDOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_CAPACITY), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(POSITION_TO_ELEMENT), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_LIMITS), \ scsi_opcode_name(PRE_FETCH), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_POSITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(SYNCHRONIZE_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOCK_UNLOCK_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_DEFECT_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MEDIUM_SCAN), \ scsi_opcode_name(COMPARE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(UPDATE_BLOCK), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(CHANGE_DEFINITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME), \ scsi_opcode_name(UNMAP), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_TOC), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(XDWRITEREAD_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD), \ scsi_opcode_name(REPORT_LUNS), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(MOVE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(EXCHANGE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_VOLUME_TAG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG_2), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(SERVICE_ACTION_IN_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_12)) #define scsi_hostbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_hostbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_OK), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_NO_CONNECT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BUS_BUSY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TIME_OUT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_TARGET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ABORT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PARITY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_RESET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_INTR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PASSTHROUGH), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_SOFT_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_IMM_RETRY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_REQUEUE), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_DISRUPTED), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_FAILFAST)) #define scsi_driverbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_driverbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_OK), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_BUSY), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SOFT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_MEDIA), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_ERROR), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_INVALID), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_TIMEOUT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_HARD), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SENSE)) #define scsi_msgbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_msgbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_msgbyte_name(COMMAND_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(EXTENDED_MESSAGE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SAVE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RESTORE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(DISCONNECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATOR_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MESSAGE_REJECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(NOP), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MSG_PARITY_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_FLG_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(TARGET_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RELEASE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LOGICAL_UNIT_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SIMPLE_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(HEAD_OF_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ORDERED_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(IGNORE_WIDE_RESIDUE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(QAS_REQUEST), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(BUS_DEVICE_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT)) #define scsi_statusbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_statusbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_GOOD), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_BUSY), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_RESERVATION_CONFLICT), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_COMMAND_TERMINATED), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_SET_FULL), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_ACA_ACTIVE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_ABORTED)) #define scsi_prot_op_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_prot_op_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_NORMAL), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_PASS), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_PASS)) const char *scsi_trace_parse_cdb(struct trace_seq*, unsigned char*, int); #define __parse_cdb(cdb, len) scsi_trace_parse_cdb(p, cdb, len) TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_start, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len)) ); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_error, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int rtn), TP_ARGS(cmd, rtn), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, rtn ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->rtn = rtn; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) rtn=%d", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __entry->rtn) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, result ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->result = cmd->result; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u " \ "prot_sgl=%u prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) result=(driver=" \ "%s host=%s message=%s status=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), show_driverbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 24) & 0xff), show_hostbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 16) & 0xff), show_msgbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 8) & 0xff), show_statusbyte_name(__entry->result & 0xff)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_done, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_timeout, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_eh_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct Scsi_Host *shost), TP_ARGS(shost), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = shost->host_no; ), TP_printk("host_no=%u", __entry->host_no) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SCSI_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_NS_H #define _LINUX_PID_NS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> /* MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL is needed for limiting size of 'struct pid' */ #define MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL 32 struct fs_pin; struct pid_namespace { struct kref kref; struct idr idr; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned int pid_allocated; struct task_struct *child_reaper; struct kmem_cache *pid_cachep; unsigned int level; struct pid_namespace *parent; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct fs_pin *bacct; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int reboot; /* group exit code if this pidns was rebooted */ struct ns_common ns; } __randomize_layout; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; #define PIDNS_ADDING (1U << 31) #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (ns != &init_pid_ns) kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } extern struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns); extern int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd); extern void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns); #else /* !CONFIG_PID_NS */ #include <linux/err.h> static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { return ns; } static inline struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWPID) ns = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return ns; } static inline void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { } static inline void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *ns) { BUG(); } static inline int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PID_NS */ extern struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk); void pidhash_init(void); void pid_idr_init(void); #endif /* _LINUX_PID_NS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _DELAYED_CALL_H #define _DELAYED_CALL_H /* * Poor man's closures; I wish we could've done them sanely polymorphic, * but... */ struct delayed_call { void (*fn)(void *); void *arg; }; #define DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(name) struct delayed_call name = {NULL, NULL} /* I really wish we had closures with sane typechecking... */ static inline void set_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call, void (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { call->fn = fn; call->arg = arg; } static inline void do_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { if (call->fn) call->fn(call->arg); } static inline void clear_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { call->fn = NULL; } #endif
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4610 4611 4612 4613 4614 4615 4616 4617 4618 4619 4620 4621 4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Definitions for the 'struct sk_buff' memory handlers. * * Authors: * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * Florian La Roche, <rzsfl@rz.uni-sb.de> */ #ifndef _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #define _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/textsearch.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/netdev_features.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/if_packet.h> #include <net/flow.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #endif /* The interface for checksum offload between the stack and networking drivers * is as follows... * * A. IP checksum related features * * Drivers advertise checksum offload capabilities in the features of a device. * From the stack's point of view these are capabilities offered by the driver. * A driver typically only advertises features that it is capable of offloading * to its device. * * The checksum related features are: * * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM - The driver (or its device) is able to compute one * IP (one's complement) checksum for any combination * of protocols or protocol layering. The checksum is * computed and set in a packet per the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * interface (see below). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv4. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv4|TCP or * IPv4|UDP where the Protocol field in the IPv4 header * is TCP or UDP. The IPv4 header may contain IP options. * This feature cannot be set in features for a device * with NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv6. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv6|TCP or * IPv6|UDP where the Next Header field in the IPv6 * header is either TCP or UDP. IPv6 extension headers * are not supported with this feature. This feature * cannot be set in features for a device with * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_RXCSUM - Driver (device) performs receive checksum offload. * This flag is only used to disable the RX checksum * feature for a device. The stack will accept receive * checksum indication in packets received on a device * regardless of whether NETIF_F_RXCSUM is set. * * B. Checksumming of received packets by device. Indication of checksum * verification is set in skb->ip_summed. Possible values are: * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * Device did not checksum this packet e.g. due to lack of capabilities. * The packet contains full (though not verified) checksum in packet but * not in skb->csum. Thus, skb->csum is undefined in this case. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * The hardware you're dealing with doesn't calculate the full checksum * (as in CHECKSUM_COMPLETE), but it does parse headers and verify checksums * for specific protocols. For such packets it will set CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY * if their checksums are okay. skb->csum is still undefined in this case * though. A driver or device must never modify the checksum field in the * packet even if checksum is verified. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY is applicable to following protocols: * TCP: IPv6 and IPv4. * UDP: IPv4 and IPv6. A device may apply CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY to a * zero UDP checksum for either IPv4 or IPv6, the networking stack * may perform further validation in this case. * GRE: only if the checksum is present in the header. * SCTP: indicates the CRC in SCTP header has been validated. * FCOE: indicates the CRC in FC frame has been validated. * * skb->csum_level indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * For instance if a device receives an IPv6->UDP->GRE->IPv4->TCP packet * and a device is able to verify the checksums for UDP (possibly zero), * GRE (checksum flag is set) and TCP, skb->csum_level would be set to * two. If the device were only able to verify the UDP checksum and not * GRE, either because it doesn't support GRE checksum or because GRE * checksum is bad, skb->csum_level would be set to zero (TCP checksum is * not considered in this case). * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * * This is the most generic way. The device supplied checksum of the _whole_ * packet as seen by netif_rx() and fills in skb->csum. This means the * hardware doesn't need to parse L3/L4 headers to implement this. * * Notes: * - Even if device supports only some protocols, but is able to produce * skb->csum, it MUST use CHECKSUM_COMPLETE, not CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * - CHECKSUM_COMPLETE is not applicable to SCTP and FCoE protocols. * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * A checksum is set up to be offloaded to a device as described in the * output description for CHECKSUM_PARTIAL. This may occur on a packet * received directly from another Linux OS, e.g., a virtualized Linux kernel * on the same host, or it may be set in the input path in GRO or remote * checksum offload. For the purposes of checksum verification, the checksum * referred to by skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset and any preceding * checksums in the packet are considered verified. Any checksums in the * packet that are after the checksum being offloaded are not considered to * be verified. * * C. Checksumming on transmit for non-GSO. The stack requests checksum offload * in the skb->ip_summed for a packet. Values are: * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * The driver is required to checksum the packet as seen by hard_start_xmit() * from skb->csum_start up to the end, and to record/write the checksum at * offset skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset. A driver may verify that the * csum_start and csum_offset values are valid values given the length and * offset of the packet, but it should not attempt to validate that the * checksum refers to a legitimate transport layer checksum -- it is the * purview of the stack to validate that csum_start and csum_offset are set * correctly. * * When the stack requests checksum offload for a packet, the driver MUST * ensure that the checksum is set correctly. A driver can either offload the * checksum calculation to the device, or call skb_checksum_help (in the case * that the device does not support offload for a particular checksum). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM and NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM are being deprecated in favor of * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM. New devices should use NETIF_F_HW_CSUM to indicate * checksum offload capability. * skb_csum_hwoffload_help() can be called to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL based * on network device checksumming capabilities: if a packet does not match * them, skb_checksum_help or skb_crc32c_help (depending on the value of * csum_not_inet, see item D.) is called to resolve the checksum. * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * The skb was already checksummed by the protocol, or a checksum is not * required. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * This has the same meaning as CHECKSUM_NONE for checksum offload on * output. * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * Not used in checksum output. If a driver observes a packet with this value * set in skbuff, it should treat the packet as if CHECKSUM_NONE were set. * * D. Non-IP checksum (CRC) offloads * * NETIF_F_SCTP_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the SCTP CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set csum_start and csum_offset accordingly, set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_not_inet to 1, to provide an indication in * the skbuff that the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to CRC32c. * A driver that supports both IP checksum offload and SCTP CRC32c offload * must verify which offload is configured for a packet by testing the * value of skb->csum_not_inet; skb_crc32c_csum_help is provided to resolve * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL on skbs where csum_not_inet is set to 1. * * NETIF_F_FCOE_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the FCOE CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set ip_summed to CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_start and csum_offset * accordingly. Note that there is no indication in the skbuff that the * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to an FCOE checksum, so a driver that supports * both IP checksum offload and FCOE CRC offload must verify which offload * is configured for a packet, presumably by inspecting packet headers. * * E. Checksumming on output with GSO. * * In the case of a GSO packet (skb_is_gso(skb) is true), checksum offload * is implied by the SKB_GSO_* flags in gso_type. Most obviously, if the * gso_type is SKB_GSO_TCPV4 or SKB_GSO_TCPV6, TCP checksum offload as * part of the GSO operation is implied. If a checksum is being offloaded * with GSO then ip_summed is CHECKSUM_PARTIAL, and both csum_start and * csum_offset are set to refer to the outermost checksum being offloaded * (two offloaded checksums are possible with UDP encapsulation). */ /* Don't change this without changing skb_csum_unnecessary! */ #define CHECKSUM_NONE 0 #define CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY 1 #define CHECKSUM_COMPLETE 2 #define CHECKSUM_PARTIAL 3 /* Maximum value in skb->csum_level */ #define SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL 3 #define SKB_DATA_ALIGN(X) ALIGN(X, SMP_CACHE_BYTES) #define SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(X) \ ((X) - SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) #define SKB_MAX_ORDER(X, ORDER) \ SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD((PAGE_SIZE << (ORDER)) - (X)) #define SKB_MAX_HEAD(X) (SKB_MAX_ORDER((X), 0)) #define SKB_MAX_ALLOC (SKB_MAX_ORDER(0, 2)) /* return minimum truesize of one skb containing X bytes of data */ #define SKB_TRUESIZE(X) ((X) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct sk_buff)) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) struct ahash_request; struct net_device; struct scatterlist; struct pipe_inode_info; struct iov_iter; struct napi_struct; struct bpf_prog; union bpf_attr; struct skb_ext; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) struct nf_bridge_info { enum { BRNF_PROTO_UNCHANGED, BRNF_PROTO_8021Q, BRNF_PROTO_PPPOE } orig_proto:8; u8 pkt_otherhost:1; u8 in_prerouting:1; u8 bridged_dnat:1; __u16 frag_max_size; struct net_device *physindev; /* always valid & non-NULL from FORWARD on, for physdev match */ struct net_device *physoutdev; union { /* prerouting: detect dnat in orig/reply direction */ __be32 ipv4_daddr; struct in6_addr ipv6_daddr; /* after prerouting + nat detected: store original source * mac since neigh resolution overwrites it, only used while * skb is out in neigh layer. */ char neigh_header[8]; }; }; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) /* Chain in tc_skb_ext will be used to share the tc chain with * ovs recirc_id. It will be set to the current chain by tc * and read by ovs to recirc_id. */ struct tc_skb_ext { __u32 chain; __u16 mru; }; #endif struct sk_buff_head { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct sk_buff; /* To allow 64K frame to be packed as single skb without frag_list we * require 64K/PAGE_SIZE pages plus 1 additional page to allow for * buffers which do not start on a page boundary. * * Since GRO uses frags we allocate at least 16 regardless of page * size. */ #if (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) < 16 #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS 16UL #else #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) #endif extern int sysctl_max_skb_frags; /* Set skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size to this in case you want skb_segment to * segment using its current segmentation instead. */ #define GSO_BY_FRAGS 0xFFFF typedef struct bio_vec skb_frag_t; /** * skb_frag_size() - Returns the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_size(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_len; } /** * skb_frag_size_set() - Sets the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @size: size of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_size_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int size) { frag->bv_len = size; } /** * skb_frag_size_add() - Increments the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_size_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len += delta; } /** * skb_frag_size_sub() - Decrements the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to subtract */ static inline void skb_frag_size_sub(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len -= delta; } /** * skb_frag_must_loop - Test if %p is a high memory page * @p: fragment's page */ static inline bool skb_frag_must_loop(struct page *p) { #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) if (PageHighMem(p)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * skb_frag_foreach_page - loop over pages in a fragment * * @f: skb frag to operate on * @f_off: offset from start of f->bv_page * @f_len: length from f_off to loop over * @p: (temp var) current page * @p_off: (temp var) offset from start of current page, * non-zero only on first page. * @p_len: (temp var) length in current page, * < PAGE_SIZE only on first and last page. * @copied: (temp var) length so far, excluding current p_len. * * A fragment can hold a compound page, in which case per-page * operations, notably kmap_atomic, must be called for each * regular page. */ #define skb_frag_foreach_page(f, f_off, f_len, p, p_off, p_len, copied) \ for (p = skb_frag_page(f) + ((f_off) >> PAGE_SHIFT), \ p_off = (f_off) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1), \ p_len = skb_frag_must_loop(p) ? \ min_t(u32, f_len, PAGE_SIZE - p_off) : f_len, \ copied = 0; \ copied < f_len; \ copied += p_len, p++, p_off = 0, \ p_len = min_t(u32, f_len - copied, PAGE_SIZE)) \ #define HAVE_HW_TIME_STAMP /** * struct skb_shared_hwtstamps - hardware time stamps * @hwtstamp: hardware time stamp transformed into duration * since arbitrary point in time * * Software time stamps generated by ktime_get_real() are stored in * skb->tstamp. * * hwtstamps can only be compared against other hwtstamps from * the same device. * * This structure is attached to packets as part of the * &skb_shared_info. Use skb_hwtstamps() to get a pointer. */ struct skb_shared_hwtstamps { ktime_t hwtstamp; }; /* Definitions for tx_flags in struct skb_shared_info */ enum { /* generate hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP = 1 << 0, /* generate software time stamp when queueing packet to NIC */ SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP = 1 << 1, /* device driver is going to provide hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_IN_PROGRESS = 1 << 2, /* device driver supports TX zero-copy buffers */ SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY = 1 << 3, /* generate wifi status information (where possible) */ SKBTX_WIFI_STATUS = 1 << 4, /* This indicates at least one fragment might be overwritten * (as in vmsplice(), sendfile() ...) * If we need to compute a TX checksum, we'll need to copy * all frags to avoid possible bad checksum */ SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG = 1 << 5, /* generate software time stamp when entering packet scheduling */ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP = 1 << 6, }; #define SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG (SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY | SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG) #define SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP (SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP | \ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP) #define SKBTX_ANY_TSTAMP (SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP | SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP) /* * The callback notifies userspace to release buffers when skb DMA is done in * lower device, the skb last reference should be 0 when calling this. * The zerocopy_success argument is true if zero copy transmit occurred, * false on data copy or out of memory error caused by data copy attempt. * The ctx field is used to track device context. * The desc field is used to track userspace buffer index. */ struct ubuf_info { void (*callback)(struct ubuf_info *, bool zerocopy_success); union { struct { unsigned long desc; void *ctx; }; struct { u32 id; u16 len; u16 zerocopy:1; u32 bytelen; }; }; refcount_t refcnt; struct mmpin { struct user_struct *user; unsigned int num_pg; } mmp; }; #define skb_uarg(SKB) ((struct ubuf_info *)(skb_shinfo(SKB)->destructor_arg)) int mm_account_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp, size_t size); void mm_unaccount_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_alloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_realloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size, struct ubuf_info *uarg); static inline void sock_zerocopy_get(struct ubuf_info *uarg) { refcount_inc(&uarg->refcnt); } void sock_zerocopy_put(struct ubuf_info *uarg); void sock_zerocopy_put_abort(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool have_uref); void sock_zerocopy_callback(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool success); int skb_zerocopy_iter_dgram(struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len); int skb_zerocopy_iter_stream(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len, struct ubuf_info *uarg); /* This data is invariant across clones and lives at * the end of the header data, ie. at skb->end. */ struct skb_shared_info { __u8 __unused; __u8 meta_len; __u8 nr_frags; __u8 tx_flags; unsigned short gso_size; /* Warning: this field is not always filled in (UFO)! */ unsigned short gso_segs; struct sk_buff *frag_list; struct skb_shared_hwtstamps hwtstamps; unsigned int gso_type; u32 tskey; /* * Warning : all fields before dataref are cleared in __alloc_skb() */ atomic_t dataref; /* Intermediate layers must ensure that destructor_arg * remains valid until skb destructor */ void * destructor_arg; /* must be last field, see pskb_expand_head() */ skb_frag_t frags[MAX_SKB_FRAGS]; }; /* We divide dataref into two halves. The higher 16 bits hold references * to the payload part of skb->data. The lower 16 bits hold references to * the entire skb->data. A clone of a headerless skb holds the length of * the header in skb->hdr_len. * * All users must obey the rule that the skb->data reference count must be * greater than or equal to the payload reference count. * * Holding a reference to the payload part means that the user does not * care about modifications to the header part of skb->data. */ #define SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT 16 #define SKB_DATAREF_MASK ((1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT) - 1) enum { SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE, /* skb has no fclone (from head_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_ORIG, /* orig skb (from fclone_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_CLONE, /* companion fclone skb (from fclone_cache) */ }; enum { SKB_GSO_TCPV4 = 1 << 0, /* This indicates the skb is from an untrusted source. */ SKB_GSO_DODGY = 1 << 1, /* This indicates the tcp segment has CWR set. */ SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN = 1 << 2, SKB_GSO_TCP_FIXEDID = 1 << 3, SKB_GSO_TCPV6 = 1 << 4, SKB_GSO_FCOE = 1 << 5, SKB_GSO_GRE = 1 << 6, SKB_GSO_GRE_CSUM = 1 << 7, SKB_GSO_IPXIP4 = 1 << 8, SKB_GSO_IPXIP6 = 1 << 9, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL = 1 << 10, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL_CSUM = 1 << 11, SKB_GSO_PARTIAL = 1 << 12, SKB_GSO_TUNNEL_REMCSUM = 1 << 13, SKB_GSO_SCTP = 1 << 14, SKB_GSO_ESP = 1 << 15, SKB_GSO_UDP = 1 << 16, SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 = 1 << 17, SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST = 1 << 18, }; #if BITS_PER_LONG > 32 #define NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET 1 #endif #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET typedef unsigned int sk_buff_data_t; #else typedef unsigned char *sk_buff_data_t; #endif /** * struct sk_buff - socket buffer * @next: Next buffer in list * @prev: Previous buffer in list * @tstamp: Time we arrived/left * @skb_mstamp_ns: (aka @tstamp) earliest departure time; start point * for retransmit timer * @rbnode: RB tree node, alternative to next/prev for netem/tcp * @list: queue head * @sk: Socket we are owned by * @ip_defrag_offset: (aka @sk) alternate use of @sk, used in * fragmentation management * @dev: Device we arrived on/are leaving by * @dev_scratch: (aka @dev) alternate use of @dev when @dev would be %NULL * @cb: Control buffer. Free for use by every layer. Put private vars here * @_skb_refdst: destination entry (with norefcount bit) * @sp: the security path, used for xfrm * @len: Length of actual data * @data_len: Data length * @mac_len: Length of link layer header * @hdr_len: writable header length of cloned skb * @csum: Checksum (must include start/offset pair) * @csum_start: Offset from skb->head where checksumming should start * @csum_offset: Offset from csum_start where checksum should be stored * @priority: Packet queueing priority * @ignore_df: allow local fragmentation * @cloned: Head may be cloned (check refcnt to be sure) * @ip_summed: Driver fed us an IP checksum * @nohdr: Payload reference only, must not modify header * @pkt_type: Packet class * @fclone: skbuff clone status * @ipvs_property: skbuff is owned by ipvs * @inner_protocol_type: whether the inner protocol is * ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER or ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO * @remcsum_offload: remote checksum offload is enabled * @offload_fwd_mark: Packet was L2-forwarded in hardware * @offload_l3_fwd_mark: Packet was L3-forwarded in hardware * @tc_skip_classify: do not classify packet. set by IFB device * @tc_at_ingress: used within tc_classify to distinguish in/egress * @redirected: packet was redirected by packet classifier * @from_ingress: packet was redirected from the ingress path * @peeked: this packet has been seen already, so stats have been * done for it, don't do them again * @nf_trace: netfilter packet trace flag * @protocol: Packet protocol from driver * @destructor: Destruct function * @tcp_tsorted_anchor: list structure for TCP (tp->tsorted_sent_queue) * @_nfct: Associated connection, if any (with nfctinfo bits) * @nf_bridge: Saved data about a bridged frame - see br_netfilter.c * @skb_iif: ifindex of device we arrived on * @tc_index: Traffic control index * @hash: the packet hash * @queue_mapping: Queue mapping for multiqueue devices * @head_frag: skb was allocated from page fragments, * not allocated by kmalloc() or vmalloc(). * @pfmemalloc: skbuff was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @active_extensions: active extensions (skb_ext_id types) * @ndisc_nodetype: router type (from link layer) * @ooo_okay: allow the mapping of a socket to a queue to be changed * @l4_hash: indicate hash is a canonical 4-tuple hash over transport * ports. * @sw_hash: indicates hash was computed in software stack * @wifi_acked_valid: wifi_acked was set * @wifi_acked: whether frame was acked on wifi or not * @no_fcs: Request NIC to treat last 4 bytes as Ethernet FCS * @encapsulation: indicates the inner headers in the skbuff are valid * @encap_hdr_csum: software checksum is needed * @csum_valid: checksum is already valid * @csum_not_inet: use CRC32c to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * @csum_complete_sw: checksum was completed by software * @csum_level: indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY (max 3) * @dst_pending_confirm: need to confirm neighbour * @decrypted: Decrypted SKB * @napi_id: id of the NAPI struct this skb came from * @sender_cpu: (aka @napi_id) source CPU in XPS * @secmark: security marking * @mark: Generic packet mark * @reserved_tailroom: (aka @mark) number of bytes of free space available * at the tail of an sk_buff * @vlan_present: VLAN tag is present * @vlan_proto: vlan encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: vlan tag control information * @inner_protocol: Protocol (encapsulation) * @inner_ipproto: (aka @inner_protocol) stores ipproto when * skb->inner_protocol_type == ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; * @inner_transport_header: Inner transport layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_network_header: Network layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_mac_header: Link layer header (encapsulation) * @transport_header: Transport layer header * @network_header: Network layer header * @mac_header: Link layer header * @tail: Tail pointer * @end: End pointer * @head: Head of buffer * @data: Data head pointer * @truesize: Buffer size * @users: User count - see {datagram,tcp}.c * @extensions: allocated extensions, valid if active_extensions is nonzero */ struct sk_buff { union { struct { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; union { struct net_device *dev; /* Some protocols might use this space to store information, * while device pointer would be NULL. * UDP receive path is one user. */ unsigned long dev_scratch; }; }; struct rb_node rbnode; /* used in netem, ip4 defrag, and tcp stack */ struct list_head list; }; union { struct sock *sk; int ip_defrag_offset; }; union { ktime_t tstamp; u64 skb_mstamp_ns; /* earliest departure time */ }; /* * This is the control buffer. It is free to use for every * layer. Please put your private variables there. If you * want to keep them across layers you have to do a skb_clone() * first. This is owned by whoever has the skb queued ATM. */ char cb[48] __aligned(8); union { struct { unsigned long _skb_refdst; void (*destructor)(struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct list_head tcp_tsorted_anchor; }; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) unsigned long _nfct; #endif unsigned int len, data_len; __u16 mac_len, hdr_len; /* Following fields are _not_ copied in __copy_skb_header() * Note that queue_mapping is here mostly to fill a hole. */ __u16 queue_mapping; /* if you move cloned around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define CLONED_MASK (1 << 7) #else #define CLONED_MASK 1 #endif #define CLONED_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __cloned_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __cloned_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 cloned:1, nohdr:1, fclone:2, peeked:1, head_frag:1, pfmemalloc:1; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS __u8 active_extensions; #endif /* fields enclosed in headers_start/headers_end are copied * using a single memcpy() in __copy_skb_header() */ /* private: */ __u32 headers_start[0]; /* public: */ /* if you move pkt_type around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_TYPE_MAX (7 << 5) #else #define PKT_TYPE_MAX 7 #endif #define PKT_TYPE_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_type_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_type_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 pkt_type:3; __u8 ignore_df:1; __u8 nf_trace:1; __u8 ip_summed:2; __u8 ooo_okay:1; __u8 l4_hash:1; __u8 sw_hash:1; __u8 wifi_acked_valid:1; __u8 wifi_acked:1; __u8 no_fcs:1; /* Indicates the inner headers are valid in the skbuff. */ __u8 encapsulation:1; __u8 encap_hdr_csum:1; __u8 csum_valid:1; #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 7 #else #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 0 #endif #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_vlan_present_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_vlan_present_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 vlan_present:1; __u8 csum_complete_sw:1; __u8 csum_level:2; __u8 csum_not_inet:1; __u8 dst_pending_confirm:1; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_NDISC_NODETYPE __u8 ndisc_nodetype:2; #endif __u8 ipvs_property:1; __u8 inner_protocol_type:1; __u8 remcsum_offload:1; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV __u8 offload_fwd_mark:1; __u8 offload_l3_fwd_mark:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u8 tc_skip_classify:1; __u8 tc_at_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT __u8 redirected:1; __u8 from_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE __u8 decrypted:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED __u16 tc_index; /* traffic control index */ #endif union { __wsum csum; struct { __u16 csum_start; __u16 csum_offset; }; }; __u32 priority; int skb_iif; __u32 hash; __be16 vlan_proto; __u16 vlan_tci; #if defined(CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL) || defined(CONFIG_XPS) union { unsigned int napi_id; unsigned int sender_cpu; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK __u32 secmark; #endif union { __u32 mark; __u32 reserved_tailroom; }; union { __be16 inner_protocol; __u8 inner_ipproto; }; __u16 inner_transport_header; __u16 inner_network_header; __u16 inner_mac_header; __be16 protocol; __u16 transport_header; __u16 network_header; __u16 mac_header; /* private: */ __u32 headers_end[0]; /* public: */ /* These elements must be at the end, see alloc_skb() for details. */ sk_buff_data_t tail; sk_buff_data_t end; unsigned char *head, *data; unsigned int truesize; refcount_t users; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS /* only useable after checking ->active_extensions != 0 */ struct skb_ext *extensions; #endif }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * Handling routines are only of interest to the kernel */ #define SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE 0x01 #define SKB_ALLOC_RX 0x02 #define SKB_ALLOC_NAPI 0x04 /** * skb_pfmemalloc - Test if the skb was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_pfmemalloc(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->pfmemalloc); } /* * skb might have a dst pointer attached, refcounted or not. * _skb_refdst low order bit is set if refcount was _not_ taken */ #define SKB_DST_NOREF 1UL #define SKB_DST_PTRMASK ~(SKB_DST_NOREF) /** * skb_dst - returns skb dst_entry * @skb: buffer * * Returns skb dst_entry, regardless of reference taken or not. */ static inline struct dst_entry *skb_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* If refdst was not refcounted, check we still are in a * rcu_read_lock section */ WARN_ON((skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && !rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); return (struct dst_entry *)(skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK); } /** * skb_dst_set - sets skb dst * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was taken on dst and should * be released by skb_dst_drop() */ static inline void skb_dst_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } /** * skb_dst_set_noref - sets skb dst, hopefully, without taking reference * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was not taken on dst. * If dst entry is cached, we do not take reference and dst_release * will be avoided by refdst_drop. If dst entry is not cached, we take * reference, so that last dst_release can destroy the dst immediately. */ static inline void skb_dst_set_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst | SKB_DST_NOREF; } /** * skb_dst_is_noref - Test if skb dst isn't refcounted * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_dst_is_noref(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && skb_dst(skb); } /** * skb_rtable - Returns the skb &rtable * @skb: buffer */ static inline struct rtable *skb_rtable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct rtable *)skb_dst(skb); } /* For mangling skb->pkt_type from user space side from applications * such as nft, tc, etc, we only allow a conservative subset of * possible pkt_types to be set. */ static inline bool skb_pkt_type_ok(u32 ptype) { return ptype <= PACKET_OTHERHOST; } /** * skb_napi_id - Returns the skb's NAPI id * @skb: buffer */ static inline unsigned int skb_napi_id(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return skb->napi_id; #else return 0; #endif } /** * skb_unref - decrement the skb's reference count * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if we can free the skb. */ static inline bool skb_unref(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(!skb)) return false; if (likely(refcount_read(&skb->users) == 1)) smp_rmb(); else if (likely(!refcount_dec_and_test(&skb->users))) return false; return true; } void skb_release_head_state(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb_list(struct sk_buff *segs); void skb_dump(const char *level, const struct sk_buff *skb, bool full_pkt); void skb_tx_error(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return kfree_skb(skb); } #endif void __consume_stateless_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void __kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); extern struct kmem_cache *skbuff_head_cache; void kfree_skb_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, bool head_stolen); bool skb_try_coalesce(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, bool *fragstolen, int *delta_truesize); struct sk_buff *__alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority, int flags, int node); struct sk_buff *__build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb_around(struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, unsigned int frag_size); /** * alloc_skb - allocate a network buffer * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, 0, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_with_frags(unsigned long header_len, unsigned long data_len, int max_page_order, int *errcode, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_for_msg(struct sk_buff *first); /* Layout of fast clones : [skb1][skb2][fclone_ref] */ struct sk_buff_fclones { struct sk_buff skb1; struct sk_buff skb2; refcount_t fclone_ref; }; /** * skb_fclone_busy - check if fclone is busy * @sk: socket * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if skb is a fast clone, and its clone is not freed. * Some drivers call skb_orphan() in their ndo_start_xmit(), * so we also check that this didnt happen. */ static inline bool skb_fclone_busy(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct sk_buff_fclones *fclones; fclones = container_of(skb, struct sk_buff_fclones, skb1); return skb->fclone == SKB_FCLONE_ORIG && refcount_read(&fclones->fclone_ref) > 1 && fclones->skb2.sk == sk; } /** * alloc_skb_fclone - allocate a network buffer from fclone cache * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_fclone(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *skb_morph(struct sk_buff *dst, struct sk_buff *src); void skb_headers_offset_update(struct sk_buff *skb, int off); int skb_copy_ubufs(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); void skb_copy_header(struct sk_buff *new, const struct sk_buff *old); struct sk_buff *skb_copy(const struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy_fclone(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool fclone); static inline struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, headroom, gfp_mask, false); } int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhead, int ntail, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_realloc_headroom(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom); struct sk_buff *skb_copy_expand(const struct sk_buff *skb, int newheadroom, int newtailroom, gfp_t priority); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec_nomark(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int skb_cow_data(struct sk_buff *skb, int tailbits, struct sk_buff **trailer); int __skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad, bool free_on_error); /** * skb_pad - zero pad the tail of an skb * @skb: buffer to pad * @pad: space to pad * * Ensure that a buffer is followed by a padding area that is zero * filled. Used by network drivers which may DMA or transfer data * beyond the buffer end onto the wire. * * May return error in out of memory cases. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad) { return __skb_pad(skb, pad, true); } #define dev_kfree_skb(a) consume_skb(a) int skb_append_pagefrags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size); struct skb_seq_state { __u32 lower_offset; __u32 upper_offset; __u32 frag_idx; __u32 stepped_offset; struct sk_buff *root_skb; struct sk_buff *cur_skb; __u8 *frag_data; }; void skb_prepare_seq_read(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_seq_read(unsigned int consumed, const u8 **data, struct skb_seq_state *st); void skb_abort_seq_read(struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_find_text(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct ts_config *config); /* * Packet hash types specify the type of hash in skb_set_hash. * * Hash types refer to the protocol layer addresses which are used to * construct a packet's hash. The hashes are used to differentiate or identify * flows of the protocol layer for the hash type. Hash types are either * layer-2 (L2), layer-3 (L3), or layer-4 (L4). * * Properties of hashes: * * 1) Two packets in different flows have different hash values * 2) Two packets in the same flow should have the same hash value * * A hash at a higher layer is considered to be more specific. A driver should * set the most specific hash possible. * * A driver cannot indicate a more specific hash than the layer at which a hash * was computed. For instance an L3 hash cannot be set as an L4 hash. * * A driver may indicate a hash level which is less specific than the * actual layer the hash was computed on. For instance, a hash computed * at L4 may be considered an L3 hash. This should only be done if the * driver can't unambiguously determine that the HW computed the hash at * the higher layer. Note that the "should" in the second property above * permits this. */ enum pkt_hash_types { PKT_HASH_TYPE_NONE, /* Undefined type */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L2, /* Input: src_MAC, dest_MAC */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L3, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP, src_port, dst_port */ }; static inline void skb_clear_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->hash = 0; skb->sw_hash = 0; skb->l4_hash = 0; } static inline void skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash) skb_clear_hash(skb); } static inline void __skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_sw, bool is_l4) { skb->l4_hash = is_l4; skb->sw_hash = is_sw; skb->hash = hash; } static inline void skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, enum pkt_hash_types type) { /* Used by drivers to set hash from HW */ __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, false, type == PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4); } static inline void __skb_set_sw_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_l4) { __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, true, is_l4); } void __skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_hash_symmetric(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, const struct flow_keys_basic *keys, int hlen); __be32 __skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto, void *data, int hlen_proto); static inline __be32 skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto) { return __skb_flow_get_ports(skb, thoff, ip_proto, NULL, 0); } void skb_flow_dissector_init(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, const struct flow_dissector_key *key, unsigned int key_count); struct bpf_flow_dissector; bool bpf_flow_dissect(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_flow_dissector *ctx, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); bool __skb_flow_dissect(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); static inline bool skb_flow_dissect(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, unsigned int flags) { return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, flow_dissector, target_container, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flow, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, &flow_keys_dissector, flow, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys_basic *flow, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(net, skb, &flow_keys_basic_dissector, flow, data, proto, nhoff, hlen, flags); } void skb_flow_dissect_meta(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); /* Gets a skb connection tracking info, ctinfo map should be a * map of mapsize to translate enum ip_conntrack_info states * to user states. */ void skb_flow_dissect_ct(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, u16 *ctinfo_map, size_t mapsize); void skb_flow_dissect_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); void skb_flow_dissect_hash(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) __skb_get_hash(skb); return skb->hash; } static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_flowi6(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct flowi6 *fl6) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) { struct flow_keys keys; __u32 hash = __get_hash_from_flowi6(fl6, &keys); __skb_set_sw_hash(skb, hash, flow_keys_have_l4(&keys)); } return skb->hash; } __u32 skb_get_hash_perturb(const struct sk_buff *skb, const siphash_key_t *perturb); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_raw(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->hash; } static inline void skb_copy_hash(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->hash = from->hash; to->sw_hash = from->sw_hash; to->l4_hash = from->l4_hash; }; static inline void skb_copy_decrypted(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE to->decrypted = from->decrypted; #endif } #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } #else static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end - skb->head; } #endif /* Internal */ #define skb_shinfo(SKB) ((struct skb_shared_info *)(skb_end_pointer(SKB))) static inline struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *skb_hwtstamps(struct sk_buff *skb) { return &skb_shinfo(skb)->hwtstamps; } static inline struct ubuf_info *skb_zcopy(struct sk_buff *skb) { bool is_zcopy = skb && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY; return is_zcopy ? skb_uarg(skb) : NULL; } static inline void skb_zcopy_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool *have_ref) { if (skb && uarg && !skb_zcopy(skb)) { if (unlikely(have_ref && *have_ref)) *have_ref = false; else sock_zerocopy_get(uarg); skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = uarg; skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_zcopy_set_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb, void *val) { skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = (void *)((uintptr_t) val | 0x1UL); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } static inline bool skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & 0x1UL; } static inline void *skb_zcopy_get_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (void *)((uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & ~0x1UL); } /* Release a reference on a zerocopy structure */ static inline void skb_zcopy_clear(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zerocopy) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { if (skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb)) { /* no notification callback */ } else if (uarg->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) { uarg->zerocopy = uarg->zerocopy && zerocopy; sock_zerocopy_put(uarg); } else { uarg->callback(uarg, zerocopy); } skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } /* Abort a zerocopy operation and revert zckey on error in send syscall */ static inline void skb_zcopy_abort(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { sock_zerocopy_put_abort(uarg, false); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_mark_not_on_list(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->next = NULL; } /* Iterate through singly-linked GSO fragments of an skb. */ #define skb_list_walk_safe(first, skb, next_skb) \ for ((skb) = (first), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL; (skb); \ (skb) = (next_skb), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL) static inline void skb_list_del_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { __list_del_entry(&skb->list); skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); } /** * skb_queue_empty - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. */ static inline int skb_queue_empty(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return list->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_empty_lockless - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline bool skb_queue_empty_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return READ_ONCE(list->next) == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_last - check if skb is the last entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the last buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_last(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_first - check if skb is the first entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the first buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_first(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->prev == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_next - return the next packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the next packet in @list after @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_last() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_next(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_last(list, skb)); return skb->next; } /** * skb_queue_prev - return the prev packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the prev packet in @list before @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_first() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_prev(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_first(list, skb)); return skb->prev; } /** * skb_get - reference buffer * @skb: buffer to reference * * Makes another reference to a socket buffer and returns a pointer * to the buffer. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_get(struct sk_buff *skb) { refcount_inc(&skb->users); return skb; } /* * If users == 1, we are the only owner and can avoid redundant atomic changes. */ /** * skb_cloned - is the buffer a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if the buffer was generated with skb_clone() and is * one of multiple shared copies of the buffer. Cloned buffers are * shared data so must not be written to under normal circumstances. */ static inline int skb_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->cloned && (atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref) & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) != 1; } static inline int skb_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * skb_header_cloned - is the header a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the buffer requires * the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_header_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { int dataref; if (!skb->cloned) return 0; dataref = atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref); dataref = (dataref & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) - (dataref >> SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT); return dataref != 1; } static inline int skb_header_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_header_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * __skb_header_release - release reference to header * @skb: buffer to operate on */ static inline void __skb_header_release(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->nohdr = 1; atomic_set(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref, 1 + (1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT)); } /** * skb_shared - is the buffer shared * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if more than one person has a reference to this * buffer. */ static inline int skb_shared(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return refcount_read(&skb->users) != 1; } /** * skb_share_check - check if buffer is shared and if so clone it * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the buffer is shared the buffer is cloned and the old copy * drops a reference. A new clone with a single reference is returned. * If the buffer is not shared the original buffer is returned. When * being called from interrupt status or with spinlocks held pri must * be GFP_ATOMIC. * * NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_share_check(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_shared(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_clone(skb, pri); if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /* * Copy shared buffers into a new sk_buff. We effectively do COW on * packets to handle cases where we have a local reader and forward * and a couple of other messy ones. The normal one is tcpdumping * a packet thats being forwarded. */ /** * skb_unshare - make a copy of a shared buffer * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the socket buffer is a clone then this function creates a new * copy of the data, drops a reference count on the old copy and returns * the new copy with the reference count at 1. If the buffer is not a clone * the original buffer is returned. When called with a spinlock held or * from interrupt state @pri must be %GFP_ATOMIC * * %NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_unshare(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_copy(skb, pri); /* Free our shared copy */ if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /** * skb_peek - peek at the head of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the head element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = list_->next; if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * __skb_peek - peek at the head of a non-empty &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Like skb_peek(), but the caller knows that the list is not empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->next; } /** * skb_peek_next - peek skb following the given one from a queue * @skb: skb to start from * @list_: list to peek at * * Returns %NULL when the end of the list is met or a pointer to the * next element. The reference count is not incremented and the * reference is therefore volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_next(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *next = skb->next; if (next == (struct sk_buff *)list_) next = NULL; return next; } /** * skb_peek_tail - peek at the tail of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the tail element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = READ_ONCE(list_->prev); if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * skb_queue_len - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->qlen; } /** * skb_queue_len_lockless - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return READ_ONCE(list_->qlen); } /** * __skb_queue_head_init - initialize non-spinlock portions of sk_buff_head * @list: queue to initialize * * This initializes only the list and queue length aspects of * an sk_buff_head object. This allows to initialize the list * aspects of an sk_buff_head without reinitializing things like * the spinlock. It can also be used for on-stack sk_buff_head * objects where the spinlock is known to not be used. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { list->prev = list->next = (struct sk_buff *)list; list->qlen = 0; } /* * This function creates a split out lock class for each invocation; * this is needed for now since a whole lot of users of the skb-queue * infrastructure in drivers have different locking usage (in hardirq) * than the networking core (in softirq only). In the long run either the * network layer or drivers should need annotation to consolidate the * main types of usage into 3 classes. */ static inline void skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { spin_lock_init(&list->lock); __skb_queue_head_init(list); } static inline void skb_queue_head_init_class(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct lock_class_key *class) { skb_queue_head_init(list); lockdep_set_class(&list->lock, class); } /* * Insert an sk_buff on a list. * * The "__skb_xxxx()" functions are the non-atomic ones that * can only be called with interrupts disabled. */ static inline void __skb_insert(struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff_head *list) { /* See skb_queue_empty_lockless() and skb_peek_tail() * for the opposite READ_ONCE() */ WRITE_ONCE(newsk->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(newsk->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen + 1); } static inline void __skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next) { struct sk_buff *first = list->next; struct sk_buff *last = list->prev; WRITE_ONCE(first->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, first); WRITE_ONCE(last->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, last); } /** * skb_queue_splice - join two skb lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail - join two skb lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * __skb_queue_after - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @prev: place after this buffer * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer int the middle of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_after(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, prev, prev->next, list); } void skb_append(struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_queue_before(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, next->prev, next, list); } /** * __skb_queue_head - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the start of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_after(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /** * __skb_queue_tail - queue a buffer at the list tail * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the end of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_before(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /* * remove sk_buff from list. _Must_ be called atomically, and with * the list known.. */ void skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *next, *prev; WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen - 1); next = skb->next; prev = skb->prev; skb->next = skb->prev = NULL; WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /** * __skb_dequeue - remove from the head of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the head of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The head item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list); /** * __skb_dequeue_tail - remove from the tail of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the tail of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The tail item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek_tail(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline bool skb_is_nonlinear(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int skb_headlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len - skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int __skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int i, len = 0; for (i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags - 1; (int)i >= 0; i--) len += skb_frag_size(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]); return len; } static inline unsigned int skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_headlen(skb) + __skb_pagelen(skb); } /** * __skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * Initialises the @i'th fragment of @skb to point to &size bytes at * offset @off within @page. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void __skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]; /* * Propagate page pfmemalloc to the skb if we can. The problem is * that not all callers have unique ownership of the page but rely * on page_is_pfmemalloc doing the right thing(tm). */ frag->bv_page = page; frag->bv_offset = off; skb_frag_size_set(frag, size); page = compound_head(page); if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * As per __skb_fill_page_desc() -- initialises the @i'th fragment of * @skb to point to @size bytes at offset @off within @page. In * addition updates @skb such that @i is the last fragment. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { __skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, page, off, size); skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags = i + 1; } void skb_add_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size, unsigned int truesize); void skb_coalesce_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, int size, unsigned int truesize); #define SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb) BUG_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_tail_pointer(skb); skb->tail += offset; } #else /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb->tail = skb->data + offset; } #endif /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ /* * Add data to an sk_buff */ void *pskb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *tail, int len); void *skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_tail_pointer(skb); SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); skb->tail += len; skb->len += len; return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void __skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)__skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } static inline void *skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } void *skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->data -= len; skb->len += len; return skb->data; } void *skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->len -= len; BUG_ON(skb->len < skb->data_len); return skb->data += len; } static inline void *skb_pull_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __skb_pull(skb, len); } void *__pskb_pull_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, int delta); static inline void *__pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (len > skb_headlen(skb) && !__pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb))) return NULL; skb->len -= len; return skb->data += len; } static inline void *pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __pskb_pull(skb, len); } static inline bool pskb_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len <= skb_headlen(skb))) return true; if (unlikely(len > skb->len)) return false; return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb)) != NULL; } void skb_condense(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * skb_headroom - bytes at buffer head * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the head of an &sk_buff. */ static inline unsigned int skb_headroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data - skb->head; } /** * skb_tailroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff */ static inline int skb_tailroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? 0 : skb->end - skb->tail; } /** * skb_availroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff * allocated by sk_stream_alloc() */ static inline int skb_availroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) return 0; return skb->end - skb->tail - skb->reserved_tailroom; } /** * skb_reserve - adjust headroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: bytes to move * * Increase the headroom of an empty &sk_buff by reducing the tail * room. This is only allowed for an empty buffer. */ static inline void skb_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int len) { skb->data += len; skb->tail += len; } /** * skb_tailroom_reserve - adjust reserved_tailroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @mtu: maximum amount of headlen permitted * @needed_tailroom: minimum amount of reserved_tailroom * * Set reserved_tailroom so that headlen can be as large as possible but * not larger than mtu and tailroom cannot be smaller than * needed_tailroom. * The required headroom should already have been reserved before using * this function. */ static inline void skb_tailroom_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu, unsigned int needed_tailroom) { SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); if (mtu < skb_tailroom(skb) - needed_tailroom) /* use at most mtu */ skb->reserved_tailroom = skb_tailroom(skb) - mtu; else /* use up to all available space */ skb->reserved_tailroom = needed_tailroom; } #define ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER 0 #define ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO 1 static inline void skb_set_inner_protocol(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 protocol) { skb->inner_protocol = protocol; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER; } static inline void skb_set_inner_ipproto(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 ipproto) { skb->inner_ipproto = ipproto; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_headers(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->mac_header; skb->inner_network_header = skb->network_header; skb->inner_transport_header = skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_len = skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_transport_header; } static inline int skb_inner_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_transport_header(skb); skb->inner_transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_network_header(skb); skb->inner_network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_mac_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_mac_header(skb); skb->inner_mac_header += offset; } static inline bool skb_transport_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header != (typeof(skb->transport_header))~0U; } static inline unsigned char *skb_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_transport_header(skb); skb->transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb->network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_mac_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->mac_header != (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_unset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_mac_header(skb); skb->mac_header += offset; } static inline void skb_pop_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_probe_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys_basic keys; if (skb_transport_header_was_set(skb)) return; if (skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(NULL, skb, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0)) skb_set_transport_header(skb, keys.control.thoff); } static inline void skb_mac_header_rebuild(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_mac_header_was_set(skb)) { const unsigned char *old_mac = skb_mac_header(skb); skb_set_mac_header(skb, -skb->mac_len); memmove(skb_mac_header(skb), old_mac, skb->mac_len); } } static inline int skb_checksum_start_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->csum_start - skb_headroom(skb); } static inline unsigned char *skb_checksum_start(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->csum_start; } static inline int skb_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header - skb->network_header; } static inline u32 skb_inner_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->inner_transport_header - skb->inner_network_header; } static inline int skb_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int skb_inner_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int pskb_network_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return pskb_may_pull(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) + len); } /* * CPUs often take a performance hit when accessing unaligned memory * locations. The actual performance hit varies, it can be small if the * hardware handles it or large if we have to take an exception and fix it * in software. * * Since an ethernet header is 14 bytes network drivers often end up with * the IP header at an unaligned offset. The IP header can be aligned by * shifting the start of the packet by 2 bytes. Drivers should do this * with: * * skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); * * The downside to this alignment of the IP header is that the DMA is now * unaligned. On some architectures the cost of an unaligned DMA is high * and this cost outweighs the gains made by aligning the IP header. * * Since this trade off varies between architectures, we allow NET_IP_ALIGN * to be overridden. */ #ifndef NET_IP_ALIGN #define NET_IP_ALIGN 2 #endif /* * The networking layer reserves some headroom in skb data (via * dev_alloc_skb). This is used to avoid having to reallocate skb data when * the header has to grow. In the default case, if the header has to grow * 32 bytes or less we avoid the reallocation. * * Unfortunately this headroom changes the DMA alignment of the resulting * network packet. As for NET_IP_ALIGN, this unaligned DMA is expensive * on some architectures. An architecture can override this value, * perhaps setting it to a cacheline in size (since that will maintain * cacheline alignment of the DMA). It must be a power of 2. * * Various parts of the networking layer expect at least 32 bytes of * headroom, you should not reduce this. * * Using max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) makes sense (especially with RPS) * to reduce average number of cache lines per packet. * get_rps_cpu() for example only access one 64 bytes aligned block : * NET_IP_ALIGN(2) + ethernet_header(14) + IP_header(20/40) + ports(8) */ #ifndef NET_SKB_PAD #define NET_SKB_PAD max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) #endif int ___pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void __skb_set_length(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (WARN_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb))) return; skb->len = len; skb_set_tail_pointer(skb, len); } static inline void __skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { __skb_set_length(skb, len); } void skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline int __pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->data_len) return ___pskb_trim(skb, len); __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return (len < skb->len) ? __pskb_trim(skb, len) : 0; } /** * pskb_trim_unique - remove end from a paged unique (not cloned) buffer * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: new length * * This is identical to pskb_trim except that the caller knows that * the skb is not cloned so we should never get an error due to out- * of-memory. */ static inline void pskb_trim_unique(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { int err = pskb_trim(skb, len); BUG_ON(err); } static inline int __skb_grow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int diff = len - skb->len; if (skb_tailroom(skb) < diff) { int ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, diff - skb_tailroom(skb), GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; } __skb_set_length(skb, len); return 0; } /** * skb_orphan - orphan a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan * * If a buffer currently has an owner then we call the owner's * destructor function and make the @skb unowned. The buffer continues * to exist but is no longer charged to its former owner. */ static inline void skb_orphan(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->destructor) { skb->destructor(skb); skb->destructor = NULL; skb->sk = NULL; } else { BUG_ON(skb->sk); } } /** * skb_orphan_frags - orphan the frags contained in a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan frags from * @gfp_mask: allocation mask for replacement pages * * For each frag in the SKB which needs a destructor (i.e. has an * owner) create a copy of that frag and release the original * page by calling the destructor. */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; if (!skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb) && skb_uarg(skb)->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /* Frags must be orphaned, even if refcounted, if skb might loop to rx path */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /** * __skb_queue_purge - empty a list * @list: list to empty * * Delete all buffers on an &sk_buff list. Each buffer is removed from * the list and one reference dropped. This function does not take the * list lock and the caller must hold the relevant locks to use it. */ static inline void __skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb; while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(list)) != NULL) kfree_skb(skb); } void skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list); unsigned int skb_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); void *netdev_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); /** * netdev_alloc_skb - allocate an skbuff for rx on a specific device * @dev: network device to receive on * @length: length to allocate * * Allocate a new &sk_buff and assign it a usage count of one. The * buffer has unspecified headroom built in. Users should allocate * the headroom they think they need without accounting for the * built in space. The built in space is used for optimisations. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. Although this function * allocates memory it can be called from an interrupt. */ static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } /* legacy helper around __netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *__dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length, gfp_mask); } /* legacy helper around netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length) { return netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length); } static inline struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp) { struct sk_buff *skb = __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length + NET_IP_ALIGN, gfp); if (NET_IP_ALIGN && skb) skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline void skb_free_frag(void *addr) { page_frag_free(addr); } void *napi_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline struct sk_buff *napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length) { return __napi_alloc_skb(napi, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } void napi_consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int budget); void __kfree_skb_flush(void); void __kfree_skb_defer(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * __dev_alloc_pages - allocate page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * @order: size of the allocation * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { /* This piece of code contains several assumptions. * 1. This is for device Rx, therefor a cold page is preferred. * 2. The expectation is the user wants a compound page. * 3. If requesting a order 0 page it will not be compound * due to the check to see if order has a value in prep_new_page * 4. __GFP_MEMALLOC is ignored if __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is set due to * code in gfp_to_alloc_flags that should be enforcing this. */ gfp_mask |= __GFP_COMP | __GFP_MEMALLOC; return alloc_pages_node(NUMA_NO_NODE, gfp_mask, order); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_pages(unsigned int order) { return __dev_alloc_pages(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN, order); } /** * __dev_alloc_page - allocate a page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __dev_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_page(void) { return dev_alloc_pages(0); } /** * skb_propagate_pfmemalloc - Propagate pfmemalloc if skb is allocated after RX page * @page: The page that was allocated from skb_alloc_page * @skb: The skb that may need pfmemalloc set */ static inline void skb_propagate_pfmemalloc(struct page *page, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_frag_off() - Returns the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: the paged fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_off(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_add() - Increments the offset of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_off_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_offset += delta; } /** * skb_frag_off_set() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @offset: offset of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_off_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int offset) { frag->bv_offset = offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_copy() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where offset is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment offset is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_off_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_offset = fragfrom->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_page - retrieve the page referred to by a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * * Returns the &struct page associated with @frag. */ static inline struct page *skb_frag_page(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Takes an additional reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_ref(skb_frag_t *frag) { get_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset. * * Takes an additional reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_ref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_ref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * __skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Releases a reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_unref(skb_frag_t *frag) { put_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * * Releases a reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_unref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_unref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * skb_frag_address - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. The page must already * be mapped. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)) + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_address_safe - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. Checks that the page * is mapped and returns %NULL otherwise. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address_safe(const skb_frag_t *frag) { void *ptr = page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)); if (unlikely(!ptr)) return NULL; return ptr + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_page_copy() - sets the page in a fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where page is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment page is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_page_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_page = fragfrom->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * @page: the page to set * * Sets the fragment @frag to contain @page. */ static inline void __skb_frag_set_page(skb_frag_t *frag, struct page *page) { frag->bv_page = page; } /** * skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment of an skb * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * @page: the page to set * * Sets the @f'th fragment of @skb to contain @page. */ static inline void skb_frag_set_page(struct sk_buff *skb, int f, struct page *page) { __skb_frag_set_page(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f], page); } bool skb_page_frag_refill(unsigned int sz, struct page_frag *pfrag, gfp_t prio); /** * skb_frag_dma_map - maps a paged fragment via the DMA API * @dev: the device to map the fragment to * @frag: the paged fragment to map * @offset: the offset within the fragment (starting at the * fragment's own offset) * @size: the number of bytes to map * @dir: the direction of the mapping (``PCI_DMA_*``) * * Maps the page associated with @frag to @device. */ static inline dma_addr_t skb_frag_dma_map(struct device *dev, const skb_frag_t *frag, size_t offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { return dma_map_page(dev, skb_frag_page(frag), skb_frag_off(frag) + offset, size, dir); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy_for_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask, true); } /** * skb_clone_writable - is the header of a clone writable * @skb: buffer to check * @len: length up to which to write * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the cloned buffer * does not requires the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_clone_writable(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return !skb_header_cloned(skb) && skb_headroom(skb) + len <= skb->hdr_len; } static inline int skb_try_make_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int write_len) { return skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, write_len) && pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline int __skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom, int cloned) { int delta = 0; if (headroom > skb_headroom(skb)) delta = headroom - skb_headroom(skb); if (delta || cloned) return pskb_expand_head(skb, ALIGN(delta, NET_SKB_PAD), 0, GFP_ATOMIC); return 0; } /** * skb_cow - copy header of skb when it is required * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * If the skb passed lacks sufficient headroom or its data part * is shared, data is reallocated. If reallocation fails, an error * is returned and original skb is not changed. * * The result is skb with writable area skb->head...skb->tail * and at least @headroom of space at head. */ static inline int skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_cow_head - skb_cow but only making the head writable * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * This function is identical to skb_cow except that we replace the * skb_cloned check by skb_header_cloned. It should be used when * you only need to push on some header and do not need to modify * the data. */ static inline int skb_cow_head(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_header_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_padto - pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (likely(size >= len)) return 0; return skb_pad(skb, len - size); } /** * __skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * @free_on_error: free buffer on error * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error if @free_on_error is true. */ static inline int __must_check __skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len, bool free_on_error) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (unlikely(size < len)) { len -= size; if (__skb_pad(skb, len, free_on_error)) return -ENOMEM; __skb_put(skb, len); } return 0; } /** * skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int __must_check skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return __skb_put_padto(skb, len, true); } static inline int skb_add_data(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *from, int copy) { const int off = skb->len; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { __wsum csum = 0; if (csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, &csum, from)) { skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, off); return 0; } } else if (copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, from)) return 0; __skb_trim(skb, off); return -EFAULT; } static inline bool skb_can_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, const struct page *page, int off) { if (skb_zcopy(skb)) return false; if (i) { const skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1]; return page == skb_frag_page(frag) && off == skb_frag_off(frag) + skb_frag_size(frag); } return false; } static inline int __skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, skb->data_len) ? 0 : -ENOMEM; } /** * skb_linearize - convert paged skb to linear one * @skb: buffer to linarize * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } /** * skb_has_shared_frag - can any frag be overwritten * @skb: buffer to test * * Return true if the skb has at least one frag that might be modified * by an external entity (as in vmsplice()/sendfile()) */ static inline bool skb_has_shared_frag(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG; } /** * skb_linearize_cow - make sure skb is linear and writable * @skb: buffer to process * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize_cow(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) || skb_cloned(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } static __always_inline void __skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_sub(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) < 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_postpull_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after pull * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data before pull * @len: length of data pulled * * After doing a pull on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum, or set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_NONE so that it can be recomputed from scratch. */ static inline void skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } static __always_inline void __skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); } /** * skb_postpush_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after push * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data after push * @len: length of data pushed * * After doing a push on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. */ static inline void skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } void *skb_pull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * skb_push_rcsum - push skb and update receive checksum * @skb: buffer to update * @len: length of data pulled * * This function performs an skb_push on the packet and updates * the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. It should be used on * receive path processing instead of skb_push unless you know * that the checksum difference is zero (e.g., a valid IP header) * or you are setting ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE. */ static inline void *skb_push_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb_push(skb, len); skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, skb->data, len); return skb->data; } int pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * pskb_trim_rcsum - trim received skb and update checksum * @skb: buffer to trim * @len: new length * * This is exactly the same as pskb_trim except that it ensures the * checksum of received packets are still valid after the operation. * It can change skb pointers. */ static inline int pskb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len >= skb->len)) return 0; return pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(skb, len); } static inline int __skb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int __skb_grow_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; return __skb_grow(skb, len); } #define rb_to_skb(rb) rb_entry_safe(rb, struct sk_buff, rbnode) #define skb_rb_first(root) rb_to_skb(rb_first(root)) #define skb_rb_last(root) rb_to_skb(rb_last(root)) #define skb_rb_next(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_next(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_rb_prev(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_prev(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_queue_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->next, tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_from(queue, skb) \ for (; skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_rbtree_walk(skb, root) \ for (skb = skb_rb_first(root); skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from(skb) \ for (; skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from_safe(skb, tmp) \ for (; tmp = skb ? skb_rb_next(skb) : NULL, (skb != NULL); \ skb = tmp) #define skb_queue_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev, tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) static inline bool skb_has_frag_list(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list != NULL; } static inline void skb_frag_list_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list = NULL; } #define skb_walk_frags(skb, iter) \ for (iter = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; iter; iter = iter->next) int __skb_wait_for_more_packets(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, int *err, long *timeo_p, const struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_from_queue(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *sk_queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err); struct sk_buff *skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, unsigned flags, int noblock, int *err); __poll_t datagram_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int skb_copy_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int size); static inline int skb_copy_datagram_msg(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct msghdr *msg, int size) { return skb_copy_datagram_iter(from, offset, &msg->msg_iter, size); } int skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, int hlen, struct msghdr *msg); int skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, struct ahash_request *hash); int skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *from, int len); int zerocopy_sg_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *frm); void skb_free_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void __skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); static inline void skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_free_datagram_locked(sk, skb, 0); } int skb_kill_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int flags); int skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len); int skb_store_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, const void *from, int len); __wsum skb_copy_and_csum_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, u8 *to, int len); int skb_splice_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, unsigned int offset, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags); int skb_send_sock_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len); void skb_copy_and_csum_dev(const struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *to); unsigned int skb_zerocopy_headlen(const struct sk_buff *from); int skb_zerocopy(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int len, int hlen); void skb_split(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *skb1, const u32 len); int skb_shift(struct sk_buff *tgt, struct sk_buff *skb, int shiftlen); void skb_scrub_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, bool xnet); bool skb_gso_validate_network_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu); bool skb_gso_validate_mac_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); struct sk_buff *skb_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *skb_segment_list(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, unsigned int offset); struct sk_buff *skb_vlan_untag(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_ensure_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, int write_len); int __skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci); int skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_vlan_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci); int skb_eth_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_eth_push(struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *dst, const unsigned char *src); int skb_mpls_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse, __be16 mpls_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 next_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_update_lse(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse); int skb_mpls_dec_ttl(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *pskb_extract(struct sk_buff *skb, int off, int to_copy, gfp_t gfp); static inline int memcpy_from_msg(void *data, struct msghdr *msg, int len) { return copy_from_iter_full(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } static inline int memcpy_to_msg(struct msghdr *msg, void *data, int len) { return copy_to_iter(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) == len ? 0 : -EFAULT; } struct skb_checksum_ops { __wsum (*update)(const void *mem, int len, __wsum wsum); __wsum (*combine)(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset, int len); }; extern const struct skb_checksum_ops *crc32c_csum_stub __read_mostly; __wsum __skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum, const struct skb_checksum_ops *ops); __wsum skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum); static inline void * __must_check __skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *data, int hlen, void *buffer) { if (hlen - offset >= len) return data + offset; if (!skb || skb_copy_bits(skb, offset, buffer, len) < 0) return NULL; return buffer; } static inline void * __must_check skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *buffer) { return __skb_header_pointer(skb, offset, len, skb->data, skb_headlen(skb), buffer); } /** * skb_needs_linearize - check if we need to linearize a given skb * depending on the given device features. * @skb: socket buffer to check * @features: net device features * * Returns true if either: * 1. skb has frag_list and the device doesn't support FRAGLIST, or * 2. skb is fragmented and the device does not support SG. */ static inline bool skb_needs_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && ((skb_has_frag_list(skb) && !(features & NETIF_F_FRAGLIST)) || (skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags && !(features & NETIF_F_SG))); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data, len); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data + offset, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data, from, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data_offset(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data + offset, from, len); } void skb_init(void); static inline ktime_t skb_get_ktime(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tstamp; } /** * skb_get_timestamp - get timestamp from a skb * @skb: skb to get stamp from * @stamp: pointer to struct __kernel_old_timeval to store stamp in * * Timestamps are stored in the skb as offsets to a base timestamp. * This function converts the offset back to a struct timeval and stores * it in stamp. */ static inline void skb_get_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timeval *stamp) { *stamp = ns_to_kernel_old_timeval(skb->tstamp); } static inline void skb_get_new_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_sock_timeval *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec / 1000; } static inline void skb_get_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void skb_get_new_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void __net_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tstamp = ktime_get_real(); } static inline ktime_t net_timedelta(ktime_t t) { return ktime_sub(ktime_get_real(), t); } static inline ktime_t net_invalid_timestamp(void) { return 0; } static inline u8 skb_metadata_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len; } static inline void *skb_metadata_end(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb); } static inline bool __skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b, u8 meta_len) { const void *a = skb_metadata_end(skb_a); const void *b = skb_metadata_end(skb_b); /* Using more efficient varaiant than plain call to memcmp(). */ #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 u64 diffs = 0; switch (meta_len) { #define __it(x, op) (x -= sizeof(u##op)) #define __it_diff(a, b, op) (*(u##op *)__it(a, op)) ^ (*(u##op *)__it(b, op)) case 32: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 24: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 16: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 8: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); break; case 28: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 20: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 12: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 4: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 32); break; } return diffs; #else return memcmp(a - meta_len, b - meta_len, meta_len); #endif } static inline bool skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { u8 len_a = skb_metadata_len(skb_a); u8 len_b = skb_metadata_len(skb_b); if (!(len_a | len_b)) return false; return len_a != len_b ? true : __skb_metadata_differs(skb_a, skb_b, len_a); } static inline void skb_metadata_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 meta_len) { skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len = meta_len; } static inline void skb_metadata_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_metadata_set(skb, 0); } struct sk_buff *skb_clone_sk(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); #else /* CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ static inline void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ /** * skb_complete_tx_timestamp() - deliver cloned skb with tx timestamps * * PHY drivers may accept clones of transmitted packets for * timestamping via their phy_driver.txtstamp method. These drivers * must call this function to return the skb back to the stack with a * timestamp. * * @skb: clone of the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps * */ void skb_complete_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); void __skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps, struct sock *sk, int tstype); /** * skb_tstamp_tx - queue clone of skb with send time stamps * @orig_skb: the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps, may be NULL if not available * * If the skb has a socket associated, then this function clones the * skb (thus sharing the actual data and optional structures), stores * the optional hardware time stamping information (if non NULL) or * generates a software time stamp (otherwise), then queues the clone * to the error queue of the socket. Errors are silently ignored. */ void skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); /** * skb_tx_timestamp() - Driver hook for transmit timestamping * * Ethernet MAC Drivers should call this function in their hard_xmit() * function immediately before giving the sk_buff to the MAC hardware. * * Specifically, one should make absolutely sure that this function is * called before TX completion of this packet can trigger. Otherwise * the packet could potentially already be freed. * * @skb: A socket buffer. */ static inline void skb_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_clone_tx_timestamp(skb); if (skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP) skb_tstamp_tx(skb, NULL); } /** * skb_complete_wifi_ack - deliver skb with wifi status * * @skb: the original outgoing packet * @acked: ack status * */ void skb_complete_wifi_ack(struct sk_buff *skb, bool acked); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int len); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int skb_csum_unnecessary(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ((skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) || skb->csum_valid || (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) >= 0)); } /** * skb_checksum_complete - Calculate checksum of an entire packet * @skb: packet to process * * This function calculates the checksum over the entire packet plus * the value of skb->csum. The latter can be used to supply the * checksum of a pseudo header as used by TCP/UDP. It returns the * checksum. * * For protocols that contain complete checksums such as ICMP/TCP/UDP, * this function can be used to verify that checksum on received * packets. In that case the function should return zero if the * checksum is correct. In particular, this function will return zero * if skb->ip_summed is CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY which indicates that the * hardware has already verified the correctness of the checksum. */ static inline __sum16 skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) ? 0 : __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } static inline void __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level == 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; else skb->csum_level--; } } static inline void __skb_incr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level < SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL) skb->csum_level++; } else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY; skb->csum_level = 0; } } static inline void __skb_reset_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_level = 0; } } /* Check if we need to perform checksum complete validation. * * Returns true if checksum complete is needed, false otherwise * (either checksum is unnecessary or zero checksum is allowed). */ static inline bool __skb_checksum_validate_needed(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zero_okay, __sum16 check) { if (skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) || (zero_okay && !check)) { skb->csum_valid = 1; __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(skb); return false; } return true; } /* For small packets <= CHECKSUM_BREAK perform checksum complete directly * in checksum_init. */ #define CHECKSUM_BREAK 76 /* Unset checksum-complete * * Unset checksum complete can be done when packet is being modified * (uncompressed for instance) and checksum-complete value is * invalidated. */ static inline void skb_checksum_complete_unset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /* Validate (init) checksum based on checksum complete. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete. In the latter * case the ip_summed will not be CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY and the pseudo * checksum is stored in skb->csum for use in __skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum * */ static inline __sum16 __skb_checksum_validate_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, bool complete, __wsum psum) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) { if (!csum_fold(csum_add(psum, skb->csum))) { skb->csum_valid = 1; return 0; } } skb->csum = psum; if (complete || skb->len <= CHECKSUM_BREAK) { __sum16 csum; csum = __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb->csum_valid = !csum; return csum; } return 0; } static inline __wsum null_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return 0; } /* Perform checksum validate (init). Note that this is a macro since we only * want to calculate the pseudo header which is an input function if necessary. * First we try to validate without any computation (checksum unnecessary) and * then calculate based on checksum complete calling the function to compute * pseudo header. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum */ #define __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, complete, \ zero_okay, check, compute_pseudo) \ ({ \ __sum16 __ret = 0; \ skb->csum_valid = 0; \ if (__skb_checksum_validate_needed(skb, zero_okay, check)) \ __ret = __skb_checksum_validate_complete(skb, \ complete, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ __ret; \ }) #define skb_checksum_init(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_init_zero_check(skb, proto, check, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate_zero_check(skb, proto, check, \ compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_simple_validate(skb) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, 0, true, false, 0, null_compute_pseudo) static inline bool __skb_checksum_convert_check(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE && skb->csum_valid); } static inline void __skb_checksum_convert(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum pseudo) { skb->csum = ~pseudo; skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_COMPLETE; } #define skb_checksum_try_convert(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ do { \ if (__skb_checksum_convert_check(skb)) \ __skb_checksum_convert(skb, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ } while (0) static inline void skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, u16 start, u16 offset) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; skb->csum_start = ((unsigned char *)ptr + start) - skb->head; skb->csum_offset = offset - start; } /* Update skbuf and packet to reflect the remote checksum offload operation. * When called, ptr indicates the starting point for skb->csum when * ip_summed is CHECKSUM_COMPLETE. If we need create checksum complete * here, skb_postpull_rcsum is done so skb->csum start is ptr. */ static inline void skb_remcsum_process(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, int start, int offset, bool nopartial) { __wsum delta; if (!nopartial) { skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(skb, ptr, start, offset); return; } if (unlikely(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)) { __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, skb->data, ptr - (void *)skb->data); } delta = remcsum_adjust(ptr, skb->csum, start, offset); /* Adjust skb->csum since we changed the packet */ skb->csum = csum_add(skb->csum, delta); } static inline struct nf_conntrack *skb_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return (void *)(skb->_nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); #else return NULL; #endif } static inline unsigned long skb_get_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return skb->_nfct; #else return 0UL; #endif } static inline void skb_set_nfct(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned long nfct) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) skb->_nfct = nfct; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS enum skb_ext_id { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) SKB_EXT_BRIDGE_NF, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) TC_SKB_EXT, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) SKB_EXT_MPTCP, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE, #endif SKB_EXT_NUM, /* must be last */ }; /** * struct skb_ext - sk_buff extensions * @refcnt: 1 on allocation, deallocated on 0 * @offset: offset to add to @data to obtain extension address * @chunks: size currently allocated, stored in SKB_EXT_ALIGN_SHIFT units * @data: start of extension data, variable sized * * Note: offsets/lengths are stored in chunks of 8 bytes, this allows * to use 'u8' types while allowing up to 2kb worth of extension data. */ struct skb_ext { refcount_t refcnt; u8 offset[SKB_EXT_NUM]; /* in chunks of 8 bytes */ u8 chunks; /* same */ char data[] __aligned(8); }; struct skb_ext *__skb_ext_alloc(gfp_t flags); void *__skb_ext_set(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id, struct skb_ext *ext); void *skb_ext_add(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_put(struct skb_ext *ext); static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->active_extensions) __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); } static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { dst->active_extensions = src->active_extensions; if (src->active_extensions) { struct skb_ext *ext = src->extensions; refcount_inc(&ext->refcnt); dst->extensions = ext; } } static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { skb_ext_put(dst); __skb_ext_copy(dst, src); } static inline bool __skb_ext_exist(const struct skb_ext *ext, enum skb_ext_id i) { return !!ext->offset[i]; } static inline bool skb_ext_exist(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { return skb->active_extensions & (1 << id); } static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) __skb_ext_del(skb, id); } static inline void *skb_ext_find(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) { struct skb_ext *ext = skb->extensions; return (void *)ext + (ext->offset[id] << 3); } return NULL; } static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(skb->active_extensions)) { __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); skb->active_extensions = 0; } } static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->active_extensions); } #else static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, int unused) {} static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *d, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ static inline void nf_reset_ct(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(skb)); skb->_nfct = 0; #endif } static inline void nf_reset_trace(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) skb->nf_trace = 0; #endif } static inline void ipvs_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) skb->ipvs_property = 0; #endif } /* Note: This doesn't put any conntrack info in dst. */ static inline void __nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src, bool copy) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) dst->_nfct = src->_nfct; nf_conntrack_get(skb_nfct(src)); #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) if (copy) dst->nf_trace = src->nf_trace; #endif } static inline void nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(dst)); #endif __nf_copy(dst, src, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->secmark = from->secmark; } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->secmark = 0; } #else static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { } #endif static inline int secpath_exists(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_exist(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool skb_irq_freeable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->destructor && !secpath_exists(skb) && !skb_nfct(skb) && !skb->_skb_refdst && !skb_has_frag_list(skb); } static inline void skb_set_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 queue_mapping) { skb->queue_mapping = queue_mapping; } static inline u16 skb_get_queue_mapping(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_copy_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->queue_mapping = from->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_record_rx_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 rx_queue) { skb->queue_mapping = rx_queue + 1; } static inline u16 skb_get_rx_queue(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping - 1; } static inline bool skb_rx_queue_recorded(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping != 0; } static inline void skb_set_dst_pending_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 val) { skb->dst_pending_confirm = val; } static inline bool skb_get_dst_pending_confirm(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dst_pending_confirm != 0; } static inline struct sec_path *skb_sec_path(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return NULL; #endif } /* Keeps track of mac header offset relative to skb->head. * It is useful for TSO of Tunneling protocol. e.g. GRE. * For non-tunnel skb it points to skb_mac_header() and for * tunnel skb it points to outer mac header. * Keeps track of level of encapsulation of network headers. */ struct skb_gso_cb { union { int mac_offset; int data_offset; }; int encap_level; __wsum csum; __u16 csum_start; }; #define SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET 32 #define SKB_GSO_CB(skb) ((struct skb_gso_cb *)((skb)->cb + SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET)) static inline int skb_tnl_header_len(const struct sk_buff *inner_skb) { return (skb_mac_header(inner_skb) - inner_skb->head) - SKB_GSO_CB(inner_skb)->mac_offset; } static inline int gso_pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int extra) { int new_headroom, headroom; int ret; headroom = skb_headroom(skb); ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, extra, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; new_headroom = skb_headroom(skb); SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->mac_offset += (new_headroom - headroom); return 0; } static inline void gso_reset_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { /* Do not update partial checksums if remote checksum is enabled. */ if (skb->remcsum_offload) return; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb) - skb->head; } /* Compute the checksum for a gso segment. First compute the checksum value * from the start of transport header to SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start, and * then add in skb->csum (checksum from csum_start to end of packet). * skb->csum and csum_start are then updated to reflect the checksum of the * resultant packet starting from the transport header-- the resultant checksum * is in the res argument (i.e. normally zero or ~ of checksum of a pseudo * header. */ static inline __sum16 gso_make_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_transport_header(skb); int plen = (skb->head + SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start) - csum_start; __wsum partial = SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = csum_start - skb->head; return csum_fold(csum_partial(csum_start, plen, partial)); } static inline bool skb_is_gso(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_v6(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_sctp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_SCTP; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_tcp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & (SKB_GSO_TCPV4 | SKB_GSO_TCPV6); } static inline void skb_gso_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = 0; } static inline void skb_increase_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 increment) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size += increment; } static inline void skb_decrease_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 decrement) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size -= decrement; } void __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(const struct sk_buff *skb); static inline bool skb_warn_if_lro(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* LRO sets gso_size but not gso_type, whereas if GSO is really * wanted then gso_type will be set. */ const struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb); if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && shinfo->gso_size != 0 && unlikely(shinfo->gso_type == 0)) { __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(skb); return true; } return false; } static inline void skb_forward_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { /* Unfortunately we don't support this one. Any brave souls? */ if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_checksum_none_assert - make sure skb ip_summed is CHECKSUM_NONE * @skb: skb to check * * fresh skbs have their ip_summed set to CHECKSUM_NONE. * Instead of forcing ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE, we can * use this helper, to document places where we make this assertion. */ static inline void skb_checksum_none_assert(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef DEBUG BUG_ON(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_NONE); #endif } bool skb_partial_csum_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 start, u16 off); int skb_checksum_setup(struct sk_buff *skb, bool recalculate); struct sk_buff *skb_checksum_trimmed(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int transport_len, __sum16(*skb_chkf)(struct sk_buff *skb)); /** * skb_head_is_locked - Determine if the skb->head is locked down * @skb: skb to check * * The head on skbs build around a head frag can be removed if they are * not cloned. This function returns true if the skb head is locked down * due to either being allocated via kmalloc, or by being a clone with * multiple references to the head. */ static inline bool skb_head_is_locked(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->head_frag || skb_cloned(skb); } /* Local Checksum Offload. * Compute outer checksum based on the assumption that the * inner checksum will be offloaded later. * See Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.rst for * explanation of how this works. * Fill in outer checksum adjustment (e.g. with sum of outer * pseudo-header) before calling. * Also ensure that inner checksum is in linear data area. */ static inline __wsum lco_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb); unsigned char *l4_hdr = skb_transport_header(skb); __wsum partial; /* Start with complement of inner checksum adjustment */ partial = ~csum_unfold(*(__force __sum16 *)(csum_start + skb->csum_offset)); /* Add in checksum of our headers (incl. outer checksum * adjustment filled in by caller) and return result. */ return csum_partial(l4_hdr, csum_start - l4_hdr, partial); } static inline bool skb_is_redirected(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT return skb->redirected; #else return false; #endif } static inline void skb_set_redirected(struct sk_buff *skb, bool from_ingress) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 1; skb->from_ingress = from_ingress; if (skb->from_ingress) skb->tstamp = 0; #endif } static inline void skb_reset_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 0; #endif } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS) static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { /* Do not allocate skb extensions only to set kcov_handle to zero * (as it is zero by default). However, if the extensions are * already allocated, update kcov_handle anyway since * skb_set_kcov_handle can be called to zero a previously set * value. */ if (skb_has_extensions(skb) || kcov_handle) { u64 *kcov_handle_ptr = skb_ext_add(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); if (kcov_handle_ptr) *kcov_handle_ptr = kcov_handle; } } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { u64 *kcov_handle = skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); return kcov_handle ? *kcov_handle : 0; } #else static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KCOV && CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_SKBUFF_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_XFRM_H #define _NET_XFRM_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/xfrm.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/pfkeyv2.h> #include <linux/ipsec.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/gro_cells.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_STATISTICS #include <net/snmp.h> #endif #define XFRM_PROTO_ESP 50 #define XFRM_PROTO_AH 51 #define XFRM_PROTO_COMP 108 #define XFRM_PROTO_IPIP 4 #define XFRM_PROTO_IPV6 41 #define XFRM_PROTO_ROUTING IPPROTO_ROUTING #define XFRM_PROTO_DSTOPTS IPPROTO_DSTOPTS #define XFRM_ALIGN4(len) (((len) + 3) & ~3) #define XFRM_ALIGN8(len) (((len) + 7) & ~7) #define MODULE_ALIAS_XFRM_MODE(family, encap) \ MODULE_ALIAS("xfrm-mode-" __stringify(family) "-" __stringify(encap)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_XFRM_TYPE(family, proto) \ MODULE_ALIAS("xfrm-type-" __stringify(family) "-" __stringify(proto)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_XFRM_OFFLOAD_TYPE(family, proto) \ MODULE_ALIAS("xfrm-offload-" __stringify(family) "-" __stringify(proto)) #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_STATISTICS #define XFRM_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.xfrm_statistics, field) #else #define XFRM_INC_STATS(net, field) ((void)(net)) #endif /* Organization of SPD aka "XFRM rules" ------------------------------------ Basic objects: - policy rule, struct xfrm_policy (=SPD entry) - bundle of transformations, struct dst_entry == struct xfrm_dst (=SA bundle) - instance of a transformer, struct xfrm_state (=SA) - template to clone xfrm_state, struct xfrm_tmpl SPD is plain linear list of xfrm_policy rules, ordered by priority. (To be compatible with existing pfkeyv2 implementations, many rules with priority of 0x7fffffff are allowed to exist and such rules are ordered in an unpredictable way, thanks to bsd folks.) Lookup is plain linear search until the first match with selector. If "action" is "block", then we prohibit the flow, otherwise: if "xfrms_nr" is zero, the flow passes untransformed. Otherwise, policy entry has list of up to XFRM_MAX_DEPTH transformations, described by templates xfrm_tmpl. Each template is resolved to a complete xfrm_state (see below) and we pack bundle of transformations to a dst_entry returned to requestor. dst -. xfrm .-> xfrm_state #1 |---. child .-> dst -. xfrm .-> xfrm_state #2 |---. child .-> dst -. xfrm .-> xfrm_state #3 |---. child .-> NULL Bundles are cached at xrfm_policy struct (field ->bundles). Resolution of xrfm_tmpl ----------------------- Template contains: 1. ->mode Mode: transport or tunnel 2. ->id.proto Protocol: AH/ESP/IPCOMP 3. ->id.daddr Remote tunnel endpoint, ignored for transport mode. Q: allow to resolve security gateway? 4. ->id.spi If not zero, static SPI. 5. ->saddr Local tunnel endpoint, ignored for transport mode. 6. ->algos List of allowed algos. Plain bitmask now. Q: ealgos, aalgos, calgos. What a mess... 7. ->share Sharing mode. Q: how to implement private sharing mode? To add struct sock* to flow id? Having this template we search through SAD searching for entries with appropriate mode/proto/algo, permitted by selector. If no appropriate entry found, it is requested from key manager. PROBLEMS: Q: How to find all the bundles referring to a physical path for PMTU discovery? Seems, dst should contain list of all parents... and enter to infinite locking hierarchy disaster. No! It is easier, we will not search for them, let them find us. We add genid to each dst plus pointer to genid of raw IP route, pmtu disc will update pmtu on raw IP route and increase its genid. dst_check() will see this for top level and trigger resyncing metrics. Plus, it will be made via sk->sk_dst_cache. Solved. */ struct xfrm_state_walk { struct list_head all; u8 state; u8 dying; u8 proto; u32 seq; struct xfrm_address_filter *filter; }; struct xfrm_state_offload { struct net_device *dev; struct net_device *real_dev; unsigned long offload_handle; unsigned int num_exthdrs; u8 flags; }; struct xfrm_mode { u8 encap; u8 family; u8 flags; }; /* Flags for xfrm_mode. */ enum { XFRM_MODE_FLAG_TUNNEL = 1, }; /* Full description of state of transformer. */ struct xfrm_state { possible_net_t xs_net; union { struct hlist_node gclist; struct hlist_node bydst; }; struct hlist_node bysrc; struct hlist_node byspi; refcount_t refcnt; spinlock_t lock; struct xfrm_id id; struct xfrm_selector sel; struct xfrm_mark mark; u32 if_id; u32 tfcpad; u32 genid; /* Key manager bits */ struct xfrm_state_walk km; /* Parameters of this state. */ struct { u32 reqid; u8 mode; u8 replay_window; u8 aalgo, ealgo, calgo; u8 flags; u16 family; xfrm_address_t saddr; int header_len; int trailer_len; u32 extra_flags; struct xfrm_mark smark; } props; struct xfrm_lifetime_cfg lft; /* Data for transformer */ struct xfrm_algo_auth *aalg; struct xfrm_algo *ealg; struct xfrm_algo *calg; struct xfrm_algo_aead *aead; const char *geniv; /* Data for encapsulator */ struct xfrm_encap_tmpl *encap; struct sock __rcu *encap_sk; /* Data for care-of address */ xfrm_address_t *coaddr; /* IPComp needs an IPIP tunnel for handling uncompressed packets */ struct xfrm_state *tunnel; /* If a tunnel, number of users + 1 */ atomic_t tunnel_users; /* State for replay detection */ struct xfrm_replay_state replay; struct xfrm_replay_state_esn *replay_esn; /* Replay detection state at the time we sent the last notification */ struct xfrm_replay_state preplay; struct xfrm_replay_state_esn *preplay_esn; /* The functions for replay detection. */ const struct xfrm_replay *repl; /* internal flag that only holds state for delayed aevent at the * moment */ u32 xflags; /* Replay detection notification settings */ u32 replay_maxage; u32 replay_maxdiff; /* Replay detection notification timer */ struct timer_list rtimer; /* Statistics */ struct xfrm_stats stats; struct xfrm_lifetime_cur curlft; struct hrtimer mtimer; struct xfrm_state_offload xso; /* used to fix curlft->add_time when changing date */ long saved_tmo; /* Last used time */ time64_t lastused; struct page_frag xfrag; /* Reference to data common to all the instances of this * transformer. */ const struct xfrm_type *type; struct xfrm_mode inner_mode; struct xfrm_mode inner_mode_iaf; struct xfrm_mode outer_mode; const struct xfrm_type_offload *type_offload; /* Security context */ struct xfrm_sec_ctx *security; /* Private data of this transformer, format is opaque, * interpreted by xfrm_type methods. */ void *data; }; static inline struct net *xs_net(struct xfrm_state *x) { return read_pnet(&x->xs_net); } /* xflags - make enum if more show up */ #define XFRM_TIME_DEFER 1 #define XFRM_SOFT_EXPIRE 2 enum { XFRM_STATE_VOID, XFRM_STATE_ACQ, XFRM_STATE_VALID, XFRM_STATE_ERROR, XFRM_STATE_EXPIRED, XFRM_STATE_DEAD }; /* callback structure passed from either netlink or pfkey */ struct km_event { union { u32 hard; u32 proto; u32 byid; u32 aevent; u32 type; } data; u32 seq; u32 portid; u32 event; struct net *net; }; struct xfrm_replay { void (*advance)(struct xfrm_state *x, __be32 net_seq); int (*check)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq); int (*recheck)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq); void (*notify)(struct xfrm_state *x, int event); int (*overflow)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct xfrm_if_cb { struct xfrm_if *(*decode_session)(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family); }; void xfrm_if_register_cb(const struct xfrm_if_cb *ifcb); void xfrm_if_unregister_cb(void); struct net_device; struct xfrm_type; struct xfrm_dst; struct xfrm_policy_afinfo { struct dst_ops *dst_ops; struct dst_entry *(*dst_lookup)(struct net *net, int tos, int oif, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, u32 mark); int (*get_saddr)(struct net *net, int oif, xfrm_address_t *saddr, xfrm_address_t *daddr, u32 mark); int (*fill_dst)(struct xfrm_dst *xdst, struct net_device *dev, const struct flowi *fl); struct dst_entry *(*blackhole_route)(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *orig); }; int xfrm_policy_register_afinfo(const struct xfrm_policy_afinfo *afinfo, int family); void xfrm_policy_unregister_afinfo(const struct xfrm_policy_afinfo *afinfo); void km_policy_notify(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int dir, const struct km_event *c); void km_state_notify(struct xfrm_state *x, const struct km_event *c); struct xfrm_tmpl; int km_query(struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_tmpl *t, struct xfrm_policy *pol); void km_state_expired(struct xfrm_state *x, int hard, u32 portid); int __xfrm_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_state_afinfo { u8 family; u8 proto; const struct xfrm_type_offload *type_offload_esp; const struct xfrm_type *type_esp; const struct xfrm_type *type_ipip; const struct xfrm_type *type_ipip6; const struct xfrm_type *type_comp; const struct xfrm_type *type_ah; const struct xfrm_type *type_routing; const struct xfrm_type *type_dstopts; int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*transport_finish)(struct sk_buff *skb, int async); void (*local_error)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); }; int xfrm_state_register_afinfo(struct xfrm_state_afinfo *afinfo); int xfrm_state_unregister_afinfo(struct xfrm_state_afinfo *afinfo); struct xfrm_state_afinfo *xfrm_state_get_afinfo(unsigned int family); struct xfrm_state_afinfo *xfrm_state_afinfo_get_rcu(unsigned int family); struct xfrm_input_afinfo { u8 family; bool is_ipip; int (*callback)(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 protocol, int err); }; int xfrm_input_register_afinfo(const struct xfrm_input_afinfo *afinfo); int xfrm_input_unregister_afinfo(const struct xfrm_input_afinfo *afinfo); void xfrm_flush_gc(void); void xfrm_state_delete_tunnel(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_type { char *description; struct module *owner; u8 proto; u8 flags; #define XFRM_TYPE_NON_FRAGMENT 1 #define XFRM_TYPE_REPLAY_PROT 2 #define XFRM_TYPE_LOCAL_COADDR 4 #define XFRM_TYPE_REMOTE_COADDR 8 int (*init_state)(struct xfrm_state *x); void (*destructor)(struct xfrm_state *); int (*input)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*output)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *pskb); int (*reject)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *, const struct flowi *); int (*hdr_offset)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *, u8 **); }; int xfrm_register_type(const struct xfrm_type *type, unsigned short family); void xfrm_unregister_type(const struct xfrm_type *type, unsigned short family); struct xfrm_type_offload { char *description; struct module *owner; u8 proto; void (*encap)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *pskb); int (*input_tail)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*xmit)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *pskb, netdev_features_t features); }; int xfrm_register_type_offload(const struct xfrm_type_offload *type, unsigned short family); void xfrm_unregister_type_offload(const struct xfrm_type_offload *type, unsigned short family); static inline int xfrm_af2proto(unsigned int family) { switch(family) { case AF_INET: return IPPROTO_IPIP; case AF_INET6: return IPPROTO_IPV6; default: return 0; } } static inline const struct xfrm_mode *xfrm_ip2inner_mode(struct xfrm_state *x, int ipproto) { if ((ipproto == IPPROTO_IPIP && x->props.family == AF_INET) || (ipproto == IPPROTO_IPV6 && x->props.family == AF_INET6)) return &x->inner_mode; else return &x->inner_mode_iaf; } struct xfrm_tmpl { /* id in template is interpreted as: * daddr - destination of tunnel, may be zero for transport mode. * spi - zero to acquire spi. Not zero if spi is static, then * daddr must be fixed too. * proto - AH/ESP/IPCOMP */ struct xfrm_id id; /* Source address of tunnel. Ignored, if it is not a tunnel. */ xfrm_address_t saddr; unsigned short encap_family; u32 reqid; /* Mode: transport, tunnel etc. */ u8 mode; /* Sharing mode: unique, this session only, this user only etc. */ u8 share; /* May skip this transfomration if no SA is found */ u8 optional; /* Skip aalgos/ealgos/calgos checks. */ u8 allalgs; /* Bit mask of algos allowed for acquisition */ u32 aalgos; u32 ealgos; u32 calgos; }; #define XFRM_MAX_DEPTH 6 #define XFRM_MAX_OFFLOAD_DEPTH 1 struct xfrm_policy_walk_entry { struct list_head all; u8 dead; }; struct xfrm_policy_walk { struct xfrm_policy_walk_entry walk; u8 type; u32 seq; }; struct xfrm_policy_queue { struct sk_buff_head hold_queue; struct timer_list hold_timer; unsigned long timeout; }; struct xfrm_policy { possible_net_t xp_net; struct hlist_node bydst; struct hlist_node byidx; /* This lock only affects elements except for entry. */ rwlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; u32 pos; struct timer_list timer; atomic_t genid; u32 priority; u32 index; u32 if_id; struct xfrm_mark mark; struct xfrm_selector selector; struct xfrm_lifetime_cfg lft; struct xfrm_lifetime_cur curlft; struct xfrm_policy_walk_entry walk; struct xfrm_policy_queue polq; bool bydst_reinsert; u8 type; u8 action; u8 flags; u8 xfrm_nr; u16 family; struct xfrm_sec_ctx *security; struct xfrm_tmpl xfrm_vec[XFRM_MAX_DEPTH]; struct hlist_node bydst_inexact_list; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline struct net *xp_net(const struct xfrm_policy *xp) { return read_pnet(&xp->xp_net); } struct xfrm_kmaddress { xfrm_address_t local; xfrm_address_t remote; u32 reserved; u16 family; }; struct xfrm_migrate { xfrm_address_t old_daddr; xfrm_address_t old_saddr; xfrm_address_t new_daddr; xfrm_address_t new_saddr; u8 proto; u8 mode; u16 reserved; u32 reqid; u16 old_family; u16 new_family; }; #define XFRM_KM_TIMEOUT 30 /* what happened */ #define XFRM_REPLAY_UPDATE XFRM_AE_CR #define XFRM_REPLAY_TIMEOUT XFRM_AE_CE /* default aevent timeout in units of 100ms */ #define XFRM_AE_ETIME 10 /* Async Event timer multiplier */ #define XFRM_AE_ETH_M 10 /* default seq threshold size */ #define XFRM_AE_SEQT_SIZE 2 struct xfrm_mgr { struct list_head list; int (*notify)(struct xfrm_state *x, const struct km_event *c); int (*acquire)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_tmpl *, struct xfrm_policy *xp); struct xfrm_policy *(*compile_policy)(struct sock *sk, int opt, u8 *data, int len, int *dir); int (*new_mapping)(struct xfrm_state *x, xfrm_address_t *ipaddr, __be16 sport); int (*notify_policy)(struct xfrm_policy *x, int dir, const struct km_event *c); int (*report)(struct net *net, u8 proto, struct xfrm_selector *sel, xfrm_address_t *addr); int (*migrate)(const struct xfrm_selector *sel, u8 dir, u8 type, const struct xfrm_migrate *m, int num_bundles, const struct xfrm_kmaddress *k, const struct xfrm_encap_tmpl *encap); bool (*is_alive)(const struct km_event *c); }; int xfrm_register_km(struct xfrm_mgr *km); int xfrm_unregister_km(struct xfrm_mgr *km); struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb { union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; struct inet6_skb_parm h6; } header; union { struct ip_tunnel *ip4; struct ip6_tnl *ip6; } tunnel; }; #define XFRM_TUNNEL_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) /* * This structure is used for the duration where packets are being * transformed by IPsec. As soon as the packet leaves IPsec the * area beyond the generic IP part may be overwritten. */ struct xfrm_skb_cb { struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb header; /* Sequence number for replay protection. */ union { struct { __u32 low; __u32 hi; } output; struct { __be32 low; __be32 hi; } input; } seq; }; #define XFRM_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) /* * This structure is used by the afinfo prepare_input/prepare_output functions * to transmit header information to the mode input/output functions. */ struct xfrm_mode_skb_cb { struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb header; /* Copied from header for IPv4, always set to zero and DF for IPv6. */ __be16 id; __be16 frag_off; /* IP header length (excluding options or extension headers). */ u8 ihl; /* TOS for IPv4, class for IPv6. */ u8 tos; /* TTL for IPv4, hop limitfor IPv6. */ u8 ttl; /* Protocol for IPv4, NH for IPv6. */ u8 protocol; /* Option length for IPv4, zero for IPv6. */ u8 optlen; /* Used by IPv6 only, zero for IPv4. */ u8 flow_lbl[3]; }; #define XFRM_MODE_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_mode_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) /* * This structure is used by the input processing to locate the SPI and * related information. */ struct xfrm_spi_skb_cb { struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb header; unsigned int daddroff; unsigned int family; __be32 seq; }; #define XFRM_SPI_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_spi_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL static inline struct audit_buffer *xfrm_audit_start(const char *op) { struct audit_buffer *audit_buf = NULL; if (audit_enabled == AUDIT_OFF) return NULL; audit_buf = audit_log_start(audit_context(), GFP_ATOMIC, AUDIT_MAC_IPSEC_EVENT); if (audit_buf == NULL) return NULL; audit_log_format(audit_buf, "op=%s", op); return audit_buf; } static inline void xfrm_audit_helper_usrinfo(bool task_valid, struct audit_buffer *audit_buf) { const unsigned int auid = from_kuid(&init_user_ns, task_valid ? audit_get_loginuid(current) : INVALID_UID); const unsigned int ses = task_valid ? audit_get_sessionid(current) : AUDIT_SID_UNSET; audit_log_format(audit_buf, " auid=%u ses=%u", auid, ses); audit_log_task_context(audit_buf); } void xfrm_audit_policy_add(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_policy_delete(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_state_add(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_state_replay_overflow(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); void xfrm_audit_state_replay(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq); void xfrm_audit_state_notfound_simple(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family); void xfrm_audit_state_notfound(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, __be32 net_spi, __be32 net_seq); void xfrm_audit_state_icvfail(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 proto); #else static inline void xfrm_audit_policy_add(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_policy_delete(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_add(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_replay_overflow(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_replay(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_notfound_simple(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_notfound(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, __be32 net_spi, __be32 net_seq) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_icvfail(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 proto) { } #endif /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline void xfrm_pol_hold(struct xfrm_policy *policy) { if (likely(policy != NULL)) refcount_inc(&policy->refcnt); } void xfrm_policy_destroy(struct xfrm_policy *policy); static inline void xfrm_pol_put(struct xfrm_policy *policy) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&policy->refcnt)) xfrm_policy_destroy(policy); } static inline void xfrm_pols_put(struct xfrm_policy **pols, int npols) { int i; for (i = npols - 1; i >= 0; --i) xfrm_pol_put(pols[i]); } void __xfrm_state_destroy(struct xfrm_state *, bool); static inline void __xfrm_state_put(struct xfrm_state *x) { refcount_dec(&x->refcnt); } static inline void xfrm_state_put(struct xfrm_state *x) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&x->refcnt)) __xfrm_state_destroy(x, false); } static inline void xfrm_state_put_sync(struct xfrm_state *x) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&x->refcnt)) __xfrm_state_destroy(x, true); } static inline void xfrm_state_hold(struct xfrm_state *x) { refcount_inc(&x->refcnt); } static inline bool addr_match(const void *token1, const void *token2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be32 *a1 = token1; const __be32 *a2 = token2; unsigned int pdw; unsigned int pbi; pdw = prefixlen >> 5; /* num of whole u32 in prefix */ pbi = prefixlen & 0x1f; /* num of bits in incomplete u32 in prefix */ if (pdw) if (memcmp(a1, a2, pdw << 2)) return false; if (pbi) { __be32 mask; mask = htonl((0xffffffff) << (32 - pbi)); if ((a1[pdw] ^ a2[pdw]) & mask) return false; } return true; } static inline bool addr4_match(__be32 a1, __be32 a2, u8 prefixlen) { /* C99 6.5.7 (3): u32 << 32 is undefined behaviour */ if (sizeof(long) == 4 && prefixlen == 0) return true; return !((a1 ^ a2) & htonl(~0UL << (32 - prefixlen))); } static __inline__ __be16 xfrm_flowi_sport(const struct flowi *fl, const union flowi_uli *uli) { __be16 port; switch(fl->flowi_proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: case IPPROTO_SCTP: port = uli->ports.sport; break; case IPPROTO_ICMP: case IPPROTO_ICMPV6: port = htons(uli->icmpt.type); break; case IPPROTO_MH: port = htons(uli->mht.type); break; case IPPROTO_GRE: port = htons(ntohl(uli->gre_key) >> 16); break; default: port = 0; /*XXX*/ } return port; } static __inline__ __be16 xfrm_flowi_dport(const struct flowi *fl, const union flowi_uli *uli) { __be16 port; switch(fl->flowi_proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: case IPPROTO_SCTP: port = uli->ports.dport; break; case IPPROTO_ICMP: case IPPROTO_ICMPV6: port = htons(uli->icmpt.code); break; case IPPROTO_GRE: port = htons(ntohl(uli->gre_key) & 0xffff); break; default: port = 0; /*XXX*/ } return port; } bool xfrm_selector_match(const struct xfrm_selector *sel, const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK_XFRM /* If neither has a context --> match * Otherwise, both must have a context and the sids, doi, alg must match */ static inline bool xfrm_sec_ctx_match(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s1, struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s2) { return ((!s1 && !s2) || (s1 && s2 && (s1->ctx_sid == s2->ctx_sid) && (s1->ctx_doi == s2->ctx_doi) && (s1->ctx_alg == s2->ctx_alg))); } #else static inline bool xfrm_sec_ctx_match(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s1, struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s2) { return true; } #endif /* A struct encoding bundle of transformations to apply to some set of flow. * * xdst->child points to the next element of bundle. * dst->xfrm points to an instanse of transformer. * * Due to unfortunate limitations of current routing cache, which we * have no time to fix, it mirrors struct rtable and bound to the same * routing key, including saddr,daddr. However, we can have many of * bundles differing by session id. All the bundles grow from a parent * policy rule. */ struct xfrm_dst { union { struct dst_entry dst; struct rtable rt; struct rt6_info rt6; } u; struct dst_entry *route; struct dst_entry *child; struct dst_entry *path; struct xfrm_policy *pols[XFRM_POLICY_TYPE_MAX]; int num_pols, num_xfrms; u32 xfrm_genid; u32 policy_genid; u32 route_mtu_cached; u32 child_mtu_cached; u32 route_cookie; u32 path_cookie; }; static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_dst_path(const struct dst_entry *dst) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM if (dst->xfrm || (dst->flags & DST_XFRM_QUEUE)) { const struct xfrm_dst *xdst = (const struct xfrm_dst *) dst; return xdst->path; } #endif return (struct dst_entry *) dst; } static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_dst_child(const struct dst_entry *dst) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM if (dst->xfrm || (dst->flags & DST_XFRM_QUEUE)) { struct xfrm_dst *xdst = (struct xfrm_dst *) dst; return xdst->child; } #endif return NULL; } #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM static inline void xfrm_dst_set_child(struct xfrm_dst *xdst, struct dst_entry *child) { xdst->child = child; } static inline void xfrm_dst_destroy(struct xfrm_dst *xdst) { xfrm_pols_put(xdst->pols, xdst->num_pols); dst_release(xdst->route); if (likely(xdst->u.dst.xfrm)) xfrm_state_put(xdst->u.dst.xfrm); } #endif void xfrm_dst_ifdown(struct dst_entry *dst, struct net_device *dev); struct xfrm_if_parms { int link; /* ifindex of underlying L2 interface */ u32 if_id; /* interface identifyer */ }; struct xfrm_if { struct xfrm_if __rcu *next; /* next interface in list */ struct net_device *dev; /* virtual device associated with interface */ struct net *net; /* netns for packet i/o */ struct xfrm_if_parms p; /* interface parms */ struct gro_cells gro_cells; }; struct xfrm_offload { /* Output sequence number for replay protection on offloading. */ struct { __u32 low; __u32 hi; } seq; __u32 flags; #define SA_DELETE_REQ 1 #define CRYPTO_DONE 2 #define CRYPTO_NEXT_DONE 4 #define CRYPTO_FALLBACK 8 #define XFRM_GSO_SEGMENT 16 #define XFRM_GRO 32 #define XFRM_ESP_NO_TRAILER 64 #define XFRM_DEV_RESUME 128 #define XFRM_XMIT 256 __u32 status; #define CRYPTO_SUCCESS 1 #define CRYPTO_GENERIC_ERROR 2 #define CRYPTO_TRANSPORT_AH_AUTH_FAILED 4 #define CRYPTO_TRANSPORT_ESP_AUTH_FAILED 8 #define CRYPTO_TUNNEL_AH_AUTH_FAILED 16 #define CRYPTO_TUNNEL_ESP_AUTH_FAILED 32 #define CRYPTO_INVALID_PACKET_SYNTAX 64 #define CRYPTO_INVALID_PROTOCOL 128 __u8 proto; }; struct sec_path { int len; int olen; struct xfrm_state *xvec[XFRM_MAX_DEPTH]; struct xfrm_offload ovec[XFRM_MAX_OFFLOAD_DEPTH]; }; struct sec_path *secpath_set(struct sk_buff *skb); static inline void secpath_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM skb_ext_del(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #endif } static inline int xfrm_addr_any(const xfrm_address_t *addr, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return addr->a4 == 0; case AF_INET6: return ipv6_addr_any(&addr->in6); } return 0; } static inline int __xfrm4_state_addr_cmp(const struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, const struct xfrm_state *x) { return (tmpl->saddr.a4 && tmpl->saddr.a4 != x->props.saddr.a4); } static inline int __xfrm6_state_addr_cmp(const struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, const struct xfrm_state *x) { return (!ipv6_addr_any((struct in6_addr*)&tmpl->saddr) && !ipv6_addr_equal((struct in6_addr *)&tmpl->saddr, (struct in6_addr*)&x->props.saddr)); } static inline int xfrm_state_addr_cmp(const struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, const struct xfrm_state *x, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return __xfrm4_state_addr_cmp(tmpl, x); case AF_INET6: return __xfrm6_state_addr_cmp(tmpl, x); } return !0; } #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM int __xfrm_policy_check(struct sock *, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family); static inline int __xfrm_policy_check2(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int family, int reverse) { struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); int ndir = dir | (reverse ? XFRM_POLICY_MASK + 1 : 0); if (sk && sk->sk_policy[XFRM_POLICY_IN]) return __xfrm_policy_check(sk, ndir, skb, family); return (!net->xfrm.policy_count[dir] && !secpath_exists(skb)) || (skb_dst(skb) && (skb_dst(skb)->flags & DST_NOPOLICY)) || __xfrm_policy_check(sk, ndir, skb, family); } static inline int xfrm_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family) { return __xfrm_policy_check2(sk, dir, skb, family, 0); } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_policy_check(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET); } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_policy_check(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET6); } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return __xfrm_policy_check2(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET, 1); } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return __xfrm_policy_check2(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET6, 1); } int __xfrm_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family, int reverse); static inline int xfrm_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family) { return __xfrm_decode_session(skb, fl, family, 0); } static inline int xfrm_decode_session_reverse(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family) { return __xfrm_decode_session(skb, fl, family, 1); } int __xfrm_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family); static inline int xfrm_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family) { struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); return !net->xfrm.policy_count[XFRM_POLICY_OUT] || (skb_dst(skb)->flags & DST_NOXFRM) || __xfrm_route_forward(skb, family); } static inline int xfrm4_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_route_forward(skb, AF_INET); } static inline int xfrm6_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_route_forward(skb, AF_INET6); } int __xfrm_sk_clone_policy(struct sock *sk, const struct sock *osk); static inline int xfrm_sk_clone_policy(struct sock *sk, const struct sock *osk) { sk->sk_policy[0] = NULL; sk->sk_policy[1] = NULL; if (unlikely(osk->sk_policy[0] || osk->sk_policy[1])) return __xfrm_sk_clone_policy(sk, osk); return 0; } int xfrm_policy_delete(struct xfrm_policy *pol, int dir); static inline void xfrm_sk_free_policy(struct sock *sk) { struct xfrm_policy *pol; pol = rcu_dereference_protected(sk->sk_policy[0], 1); if (unlikely(pol != NULL)) { xfrm_policy_delete(pol, XFRM_POLICY_MAX); sk->sk_policy[0] = NULL; } pol = rcu_dereference_protected(sk->sk_policy[1], 1); if (unlikely(pol != NULL)) { xfrm_policy_delete(pol, XFRM_POLICY_MAX+1); sk->sk_policy[1] = NULL; } } #else static inline void xfrm_sk_free_policy(struct sock *sk) {} static inline int xfrm_sk_clone_policy(struct sock *sk, const struct sock *osk) { return 0; } static inline int xfrm6_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm4_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm_decode_session_reverse(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } #endif static __inline__ xfrm_address_t *xfrm_flowi_daddr(const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family) { switch (family){ case AF_INET: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.daddr; case AF_INET6: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.daddr; } return NULL; } static __inline__ xfrm_address_t *xfrm_flowi_saddr(const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family) { switch (family){ case AF_INET: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.saddr; case AF_INET6: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.saddr; } return NULL; } static __inline__ void xfrm_flowi_addr_get(const struct flowi *fl, xfrm_address_t *saddr, xfrm_address_t *daddr, unsigned short family) { switch(family) { case AF_INET: memcpy(&saddr->a4, &fl->u.ip4.saddr, sizeof(saddr->a4)); memcpy(&daddr->a4, &fl->u.ip4.daddr, sizeof(daddr->a4)); break; case AF_INET6: saddr->in6 = fl->u.ip6.saddr; daddr->in6 = fl->u.ip6.daddr; break; } } static __inline__ int __xfrm4_state_addr_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr) { if (daddr->a4 == x->id.daddr.a4 && (saddr->a4 == x->props.saddr.a4 || !saddr->a4 || !x->props.saddr.a4)) return 1; return 0; } static __inline__ int __xfrm6_state_addr_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr) { if (ipv6_addr_equal((struct in6_addr *)daddr, (struct in6_addr *)&x->id.daddr) && (ipv6_addr_equal((struct in6_addr *)saddr, (struct in6_addr *)&x->props.saddr) || ipv6_addr_any((struct in6_addr *)saddr) || ipv6_addr_any((struct in6_addr *)&x->props.saddr))) return 1; return 0; } static __inline__ int xfrm_state_addr_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return __xfrm4_state_addr_check(x, daddr, saddr); case AF_INET6: return __xfrm6_state_addr_check(x, daddr, saddr); } return 0; } static __inline__ int xfrm_state_addr_flow_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return __xfrm4_state_addr_check(x, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.daddr, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.saddr); case AF_INET6: return __xfrm6_state_addr_check(x, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.daddr, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.saddr); } return 0; } static inline int xfrm_state_kern(const struct xfrm_state *x) { return atomic_read(&x->tunnel_users); } static inline bool xfrm_id_proto_valid(u8 proto) { switch (proto) { case IPPROTO_AH: case IPPROTO_ESP: case IPPROTO_COMP: #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) case IPPROTO_ROUTING: case IPPROTO_DSTOPTS: #endif return true; default: return false; } } /* IPSEC_PROTO_ANY only matches 3 IPsec protocols, 0 could match all. */ static inline int xfrm_id_proto_match(u8 proto, u8 userproto) { return (!userproto || proto == userproto || (userproto == IPSEC_PROTO_ANY && (proto == IPPROTO_AH || proto == IPPROTO_ESP || proto == IPPROTO_COMP))); } /* * xfrm algorithm information */ struct xfrm_algo_aead_info { char *geniv; u16 icv_truncbits; }; struct xfrm_algo_auth_info { u16 icv_truncbits; u16 icv_fullbits; }; struct xfrm_algo_encr_info { char *geniv; u16 blockbits; u16 defkeybits; }; struct xfrm_algo_comp_info { u16 threshold; }; struct xfrm_algo_desc { char *name; char *compat; u8 available:1; u8 pfkey_supported:1; union { struct xfrm_algo_aead_info aead; struct xfrm_algo_auth_info auth; struct xfrm_algo_encr_info encr; struct xfrm_algo_comp_info comp; } uinfo; struct sadb_alg desc; }; /* XFRM protocol handlers. */ struct xfrm4_protocol { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*input_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); struct xfrm4_protocol __rcu *next; int priority; }; struct xfrm6_protocol { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*input_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct inet6_skb_parm *opt, u8 type, u8 code, int offset, __be32 info); struct xfrm6_protocol __rcu *next; int priority; }; /* XFRM tunnel handlers. */ struct xfrm_tunnel { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); struct xfrm_tunnel __rcu *next; int priority; }; struct xfrm6_tunnel { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct inet6_skb_parm *opt, u8 type, u8 code, int offset, __be32 info); struct xfrm6_tunnel __rcu *next; int priority; }; void xfrm_init(void); void xfrm4_init(void); int xfrm_state_init(struct net *net); void xfrm_state_fini(struct net *net); void xfrm4_state_init(void); void xfrm4_protocol_init(void); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM int xfrm6_init(void); void xfrm6_fini(void); int xfrm6_state_init(void); void xfrm6_state_fini(void); int xfrm6_protocol_init(void); void xfrm6_protocol_fini(void); #else static inline int xfrm6_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void xfrm6_fini(void) { ; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_STATISTICS int xfrm_proc_init(struct net *net); void xfrm_proc_fini(struct net *net); #endif int xfrm_sysctl_init(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void xfrm_sysctl_fini(struct net *net); #else static inline void xfrm_sysctl_fini(struct net *net) { } #endif void xfrm_state_walk_init(struct xfrm_state_walk *walk, u8 proto, struct xfrm_address_filter *filter); int xfrm_state_walk(struct net *net, struct xfrm_state_walk *walk, int (*func)(struct xfrm_state *, int, void*), void *); void xfrm_state_walk_done(struct xfrm_state_walk *walk, struct net *net); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_alloc(struct net *net); void xfrm_state_free(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_find(const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, const struct flowi *fl, struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, struct xfrm_policy *pol, int *err, unsigned short family, u32 if_id); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_stateonly_find(struct net *net, u32 mark, u32 if_id, xfrm_address_t *daddr, xfrm_address_t *saddr, unsigned short family, u8 mode, u8 proto, u32 reqid); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_lookup_byspi(struct net *net, __be32 spi, unsigned short family); int xfrm_state_check_expire(struct xfrm_state *x); void xfrm_state_insert(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_state_add(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_state_update(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_lookup(struct net *net, u32 mark, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, __be32 spi, u8 proto, unsigned short family); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_lookup_byaddr(struct net *net, u32 mark, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, u8 proto, unsigned short family); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_SUB_POLICY void xfrm_tmpl_sort(struct xfrm_tmpl **dst, struct xfrm_tmpl **src, int n, unsigned short family); void xfrm_state_sort(struct xfrm_state **dst, struct xfrm_state **src, int n, unsigned short family); #else static inline void xfrm_tmpl_sort(struct xfrm_tmpl **d, struct xfrm_tmpl **s, int n, unsigned short family) { } static inline void xfrm_state_sort(struct xfrm_state **d, struct xfrm_state **s, int n, unsigned short family) { } #endif struct xfrmk_sadinfo { u32 sadhcnt; /* current hash bkts */ u32 sadhmcnt; /* max allowed hash bkts */ u32 sadcnt; /* current running count */ }; struct xfrmk_spdinfo { u32 incnt; u32 outcnt; u32 fwdcnt; u32 inscnt; u32 outscnt; u32 fwdscnt; u32 spdhcnt; u32 spdhmcnt; }; struct xfrm_state *xfrm_find_acq_byseq(struct net *net, u32 mark, u32 seq); int xfrm_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_state_flush(struct net *net, u8 proto, bool task_valid, bool sync); int xfrm_dev_state_flush(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, bool task_valid); void xfrm_sad_getinfo(struct net *net, struct xfrmk_sadinfo *si); void xfrm_spd_getinfo(struct net *net, struct xfrmk_spdinfo *si); u32 xfrm_replay_seqhi(struct xfrm_state *x, __be32 net_seq); int xfrm_init_replay(struct xfrm_state *x); u32 __xfrm_state_mtu(struct xfrm_state *x, int mtu); u32 xfrm_state_mtu(struct xfrm_state *x, int mtu); int __xfrm_init_state(struct xfrm_state *x, bool init_replay, bool offload); int xfrm_init_state(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_input(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int xfrm_input_resume(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr); int xfrm_trans_queue_net(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int (*finish)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); int xfrm_trans_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*finish)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); int xfrm_output_resume(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int xfrm_output(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_PKTGEN) int pktgen_xfrm_outer_mode_output(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); #endif void xfrm_local_error(struct sk_buff *skb, int mtu); int xfrm4_extract_input(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm4_rcv_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int xfrm4_transport_finish(struct sk_buff *skb, int async); int xfrm4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm_parse_spi(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 nexthdr, __be32 *spi, __be32 *seq); static inline int xfrm4_rcv_spi(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi) { XFRM_TUNNEL_SKB_CB(skb)->tunnel.ip4 = NULL; XFRM_SPI_SKB_CB(skb)->family = AF_INET; XFRM_SPI_SKB_CB(skb)->daddroff = offsetof(struct iphdr, daddr); return xfrm_input(skb, nexthdr, spi, 0); } int xfrm4_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm4_output_finish(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm4_protocol_register(struct xfrm4_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm4_protocol_deregister(struct xfrm4_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm4_tunnel_register(struct xfrm_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); int xfrm4_tunnel_deregister(struct xfrm_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); void xfrm4_local_error(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); int xfrm6_extract_input(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_rcv_spi(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, struct ip6_tnl *t); int xfrm6_rcv_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int xfrm6_transport_finish(struct sk_buff *skb, int async); int xfrm6_rcv_tnl(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_tnl *t); int xfrm6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_input_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, xfrm_address_t *daddr, xfrm_address_t *saddr, u8 proto); void xfrm6_local_error(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); int xfrm6_protocol_register(struct xfrm6_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm6_protocol_deregister(struct xfrm6_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm6_tunnel_register(struct xfrm6_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); int xfrm6_tunnel_deregister(struct xfrm6_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); __be32 xfrm6_tunnel_alloc_spi(struct net *net, xfrm_address_t *saddr); __be32 xfrm6_tunnel_spi_lookup(struct net *net, const xfrm_address_t *saddr); int xfrm6_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_output_finish(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_find_1stfragopt(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 **prevhdr); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM void xfrm6_local_rxpmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); int xfrm4_udp_encap_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_udp_encap_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm_user_policy(struct sock *sk, int optname, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); #else static inline int xfrm_user_policy(struct sock *sk, int optname, sockptr_t optval, int optlen) { return -ENOPROTOOPT; } #endif struct dst_entry *__xfrm_dst_lookup(struct net *net, int tos, int oif, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, int family, u32 mark); struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_alloc(struct net *net, gfp_t gfp); void xfrm_policy_walk_init(struct xfrm_policy_walk *walk, u8 type); int xfrm_policy_walk(struct net *net, struct xfrm_policy_walk *walk, int (*func)(struct xfrm_policy *, int, int, void*), void *); void xfrm_policy_wal