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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #define __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <asm/uaccess.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SET_FS /* * Force the uaccess routines to be wired up for actual userspace access, * overriding any possible set_fs(KERNEL_DS) still lingering around. Undone * using force_uaccess_end below. */ static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { mm_segment_t fs = get_fs(); set_fs(USER_DS); return fs; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { set_fs(oldfs); } #else /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ typedef struct { /* empty dummy */ } mm_segment_t; #ifndef TASK_SIZE_MAX #define TASK_SIZE_MAX TASK_SIZE #endif #define uaccess_kernel() (false) #define user_addr_max() (TASK_SIZE_MAX) static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { return (mm_segment_t) { }; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ /* * Architectures should provide two primitives (raw_copy_{to,from}_user()) * and get rid of their private instances of copy_{to,from}_user() and * __copy_{to,from}_user{,_inatomic}(). * * raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) should copy up to size bytes and * return the amount left to copy. They should assume that access_ok() has * already been checked (and succeeded); they should *not* zero-pad anything. * No KASAN or object size checks either - those belong here. * * Both of these functions should attempt to copy size bytes starting at from * into the area starting at to. They must not fetch or store anything * outside of those areas. Return value must be between 0 (everything * copied successfully) and size (nothing copied). * * If raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) returns N, size - N bytes starting * at to must become equal to the bytes fetched from the corresponding area * starting at from. All data past to + size - N must be left unmodified. * * If copying succeeds, the return value must be 0. If some data cannot be * fetched, it is permitted to copy less than had been fetched; the only * hard requirement is that not storing anything at all (i.e. returning size) * should happen only when nothing could be copied. In other words, you don't * have to squeeze as much as possible - it is allowed, but not necessary. * * For raw_copy_from_user() to always points to kernel memory and no faults * on store should happen. Interpretation of from is affected by set_fs(). * For raw_copy_to_user() it's the other way round. * * Both can be inlined - it's up to architectures whether it wants to bother * with that. They should not be used directly; they are used to implement * the 6 functions (copy_{to,from}_user(), __copy_{to,from}_user_inatomic()) * that are used instead. Out of those, __... ones are inlined. Plain * copy_{to,from}_user() might or might not be inlined. If you want them * inlined, have asm/uaccess.h define INLINE_COPY_{TO,FROM}_USER. * * NOTE: only copy_from_user() zero-pads the destination in case of short copy. * Neither __copy_from_user() nor __copy_from_user_inatomic() zero anything * at all; their callers absolutely must check the return value. * * Biarch ones should also provide raw_copy_in_user() - similar to the above, * but both source and destination are __user pointers (affected by set_fs() * as usual) and both source and destination can trigger faults. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } /** * __copy_to_user_inatomic: - Copy a block of data into user space, with less checking. * @to: Destination address, in user space. * @from: Source address, in kernel space. * @n: Number of bytes to copy. * * Context: User context only. * * Copy data from kernel space to user space. Caller must check * the specified block with access_ok() before calling this function. * The caller should also make sure he pins the user space address * so that we don't result in page fault and sleep. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user_inatomic(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } #ifdef INLINE_COPY_FROM_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { unsigned long res = n; might_fault(); if (!should_fail_usercopy() && likely(access_ok(from, n))) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); res = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } if (unlikely(res)) memset(to + (n - res), 0, res); return res; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *, const void __user *, unsigned long); #endif #ifdef INLINE_COPY_TO_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *, const void *, unsigned long); #endif static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(to, n, false))) n = _copy_from_user(to, from, n); return n; } static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(from, n, true))) n = _copy_to_user(to, from, n); return n; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_in_user(void __user *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (access_ok(to, n) && access_ok(from, n)) n = raw_copy_in_user(to, from, n); return n; } #endif #ifndef copy_mc_to_kernel /* * Without arch opt-in this generic copy_mc_to_kernel() will not handle * #MC (or arch equivalent) during source read. */ static inline unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); return 0; } #endif static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_inc(void) { current->pagefault_disabled++; } static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_dec(void) { current->pagefault_disabled--; } /* * These routines enable/disable the pagefault handler. If disabled, it will * not take any locks and go straight to the fixup table. * * User access methods will not sleep when called from a pagefault_disabled() * environment. */ static inline void pagefault_disable(void) { pagefault_disabled_inc(); /* * make sure to have issued the store before a pagefault * can hit. */ barrier(); } static inline void pagefault_enable(void) { /* * make sure to issue those last loads/stores before enabling * the pagefault handler again. */ barrier(); pagefault_disabled_dec(); } /* * Is the pagefault handler disabled? If so, user access methods will not sleep. */ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void) { return current->pagefault_disabled != 0; } /* * The pagefault handler is in general disabled by pagefault_disable() or * when in irq context (via in_atomic()). * * This function should only be used by the fault handlers. Other users should * stick to pagefault_disabled(). * Please NEVER use preempt_disable() to disable the fault handler. With * !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT, this is like a NOP. So the handler won't be disabled. * in_atomic() will report different values based on !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT. */ #define faulthandler_disabled() (pagefault_disabled() || in_atomic()) #ifndef ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS static inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { return __copy_from_user_inatomic(to, from, n); } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS */ extern __must_check int check_zeroed_user(const void __user *from, size_t size); /** * copy_struct_from_user: copy a struct from userspace * @dst: Destination address, in kernel space. This buffer must be @ksize * bytes long. * @ksize: Size of @dst struct. * @src: Source address, in userspace. * @usize: (Alleged) size of @src struct. * * Copies a struct from userspace to kernel space, in a way that guarantees * backwards-compatibility for struct syscall arguments (as long as future * struct extensions are made such that all new fields are *appended* to the * old struct, and zeroed-out new fields have the same meaning as the old * struct). * * @ksize is just sizeof(*dst), and @usize should've been passed by userspace. * The recommended usage is something like the following: * * SYSCALL_DEFINE2(foobar, const struct foo __user *, uarg, size_t, usize) * { * int err; * struct foo karg = {}; * * if (usize > PAGE_SIZE) * return -E2BIG; * if (usize < FOO_SIZE_VER0) * return -EINVAL; * * err = copy_struct_from_user(&karg, sizeof(karg), uarg, usize); * if (err) * return err; * * // ... * } * * There are three cases to consider: * * If @usize == @ksize, then it's copied verbatim. * * If @usize < @ksize, then the userspace has passed an old struct to a * newer kernel. The rest of the trailing bytes in @dst (@ksize - @usize) * are to be zero-filled. * * If @usize > @ksize, then the userspace has passed a new struct to an * older kernel. The trailing bytes unknown to the kernel (@usize - @ksize) * are checked to ensure they are zeroed, otherwise -E2BIG is returned. * * Returns (in all cases, some data may have been copied): * * -E2BIG: (@usize > @ksize) and there are non-zero trailing bytes in @src. * * -EFAULT: access to userspace failed. */ static __always_inline __must_check int copy_struct_from_user(void *dst, size_t ksize, const void __user *src, size_t usize) { size_t size = min(ksize, usize); size_t rest = max(ksize, usize) - size; /* Deal with trailing bytes. */ if (usize < ksize) { memset(dst + size, 0, rest); } else if (usize > ksize) { int ret = check_zeroed_user(src + size, rest); if (ret <= 0) return ret ?: -E2BIG; } /* Copy the interoperable parts of the struct. */ if (copy_from_user(dst, src, size)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } bool copy_from_kernel_nofault_allowed(const void *unsafe_src, size_t size); long copy_from_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long copy_from_user_nofault(void *dst, const void __user *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_user_nofault(void __user *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long strncpy_from_kernel_nofault(char *dst, const void *unsafe_addr, long count); long strncpy_from_user_nofault(char *dst, const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); long strnlen_user_nofault(const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); /** * get_kernel_nofault(): safely attempt to read from a location * @val: read into this variable * @ptr: address to read from * * Returns 0 on success, or -EFAULT. */ #define get_kernel_nofault(val, ptr) ({ \ const typeof(val) *__gk_ptr = (ptr); \ copy_from_kernel_nofault(&(val), __gk_ptr, sizeof(val));\ }) #ifndef user_access_begin #define user_access_begin(ptr,len) access_ok(ptr, len) #define user_access_end() do { } while (0) #define unsafe_op_wrap(op, err) do { if (unlikely(op)) goto err; } while (0) #define unsafe_get_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__get_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_put_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__put_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_copy_to_user(d,s,l,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__copy_to_user(d,s,l),e) static inline unsigned long user_access_save(void) { return 0UL; } static inline void user_access_restore(unsigned long flags) { } #endif #ifndef user_write_access_begin #define user_write_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_write_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifndef user_read_access_begin #define user_read_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_read_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY void usercopy_warn(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); void __noreturn usercopy_abort(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); #endif #endif /* __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Symmetric key ciphers. * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #define _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * struct skcipher_request - Symmetric key cipher request * @cryptlen: Number of bytes to encrypt or decrypt * @iv: Initialisation Vector * @src: Source SG list * @dst: Destination SG list * @base: Underlying async request * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct skcipher_request { unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; struct crypto_async_request base; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_skcipher { unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_sync_skcipher { struct crypto_skcipher base; }; /** * struct skcipher_alg - symmetric key cipher definition * @min_keysize: Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * smallest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @max_keysize: Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * largest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @setkey: Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either * program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the * transformation context for programming it later. Note that this * function does modify the transformation context. This function can * be called multiple times during the existence of the transformation * object, so one must make sure the key is properly reprogrammed into * the hardware. This function is also responsible for checking the key * length for validity. In case a software fallback was put in place in * the @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. * @encrypt: Encrypt a scatterlist of blocks. This function is used to encrypt * the supplied scatterlist containing the blocks of data. The crypto * API consumer is responsible for aligning the entries of the * scatterlist properly and making sure the chunks are correctly * sized. In case a software fallback was put in place in the * @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. In case the * key was stored in transformation context, the key might need to be * re-programmed into the hardware in this function. This function * shall not modify the transformation context, as this function may * be called in parallel with the same transformation object. * @decrypt: Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to @encrypt * and the conditions are exactly the same. * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @ivsize: IV size applicable for transformation. The consumer must provide an * IV of exactly that size to perform the encrypt or decrypt operation. * @chunksize: Equal to the block size except for stream ciphers such as * CTR where it is set to the underlying block size. * @walksize: Equal to the chunk size except in cases where the algorithm is * considerably more efficient if it can operate on multiple chunks * in parallel. Should be a multiple of chunksize. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize are mandatory and must be filled. */ struct skcipher_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*encrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); unsigned int min_keysize; unsigned int max_keysize; unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int chunksize; unsigned int walksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; #define MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE 384 /* * This performs a type-check against the "tfm" argument to make sure * all users have the correct skcipher tfm for doing on-stack requests. */ #define SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQUEST_ON_STACK(name, tfm) \ char __##name##_desc[sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + \ MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE + \ (!(sizeof((struct crypto_sync_skcipher *)1 == \ (typeof(tfm))1))) \ ] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; \ struct skcipher_request *name = (void *)__##name##_desc /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher API * * Symmetric key cipher API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER (listed as type "skcipher" in /proc/crypto). * * Asynchronous cipher operations imply that the function invocation for a * cipher request returns immediately before the completion of the operation. * The cipher request is scheduled as a separate kernel thread and therefore * load-balanced on the different CPUs via the process scheduler. To allow * the kernel crypto API to inform the caller about the completion of a cipher * request, the caller must provide a callback function. That function is * invoked with the cipher handle when the request completes. * * To support the asynchronous operation, additional information than just the * cipher handle must be supplied to the kernel crypto API. That additional * information is given by filling in the skcipher_request data structure. * * For the symmetric key cipher API, the state is maintained with the tfm * cipher handle. A single tfm can be used across multiple calls and in * parallel. For asynchronous block cipher calls, context data supplied and * only used by the caller can be referenced the request data structure in * addition to the IV used for the cipher request. The maintenance of such * state information would be important for a crypto driver implementer to * have, because when calling the callback function upon completion of the * cipher operation, that callback function may need some information about * which operation just finished if it invoked multiple in parallel. This * state information is unused by the kernel crypto API. */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *__crypto_skcipher_cast( struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_skcipher() - allocate symmetric key cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an skcipher. The returned struct * crypto_skcipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that skcipher. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_alloc_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_alloc_sync_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_skcipher_tfm( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_skcipher() - zeroize and free cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_skcipher(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_free_sync_skcipher(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_free_skcipher(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_has_skcipher() - Search for the availability of an skcipher. * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher * @type: specifies the type of the skcipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the skcipher * * Return: true when the skcipher is known to the kernel crypto API; false * otherwise */ int crypto_has_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline const char *crypto_skcipher_driver_name( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct skcipher_alg *crypto_skcipher_alg( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct skcipher_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_ivsize(struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the skcipher referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_ivsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->ivsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_ivsize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_ivsize(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the skcipher referenced with the cipher handle is * returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate * memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize( struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->chunksize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_chunksize() - obtain chunk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size is set to one for ciphers such as CTR. However, * you still need to provide incremental updates in multiples of * the underlying block size as the IV does not have sub-block * granularity. This is known in this API as the chunk size. * * Return: chunk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_chunksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize(crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_blocksize(&tfm->base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alignmask( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_skcipher_get_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_set_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline u32 crypto_sync_skcipher_get_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_get_flags(&tfm->base); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_set_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_set_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_clear_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } /** * crypto_skcipher_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the skcipher referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); static inline int crypto_sync_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen) { return crypto_skcipher_setkey(&tfm->base, key, keylen); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_min_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->min_keysize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_max_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->max_keysize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_reqtfm() - obtain cipher handle from request * @req: skcipher_request out of which the cipher handle is to be obtained * * Return the crypto_skcipher handle when furnishing an skcipher_request * data structure. * * Return: crypto_skcipher handle */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { return __crypto_skcipher_cast(req->base.tfm); } static inline struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_sync_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_sync_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_encrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * crypto_skcipher_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_decrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher Request Handle * * The skcipher_request data structure contains all pointers to data * required for the symmetric key cipher operation. This includes the cipher * handle (which can be used by multiple skcipher_request instances), pointer * to plaintext and ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts * as a handle to the skcipher_request_* API calls in a similar way as * skcipher handle to the crypto_skcipher_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_skcipher_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_reqsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * skcipher_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing skcipher handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm); } static inline void skcipher_request_set_sync_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, &tfm->base); } static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct skcipher_request, base); } /** * skcipher_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the skcipher * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided skcipher * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_alloc( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct skcipher_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * skcipher_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void skcipher_request_free(struct skcipher_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } static inline void skcipher_request_zero(struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); memzero_explicit(req, sizeof(*req) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm)); } /** * skcipher_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once the * cipher operation completes. * * The callback function is registered with the skcipher_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_callback(struct skcipher_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * skcipher_request_set_crypt() - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_skcipher_ivsize * * This function allows setting of the source data and destination data * scatter / gather lists. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_crypt( struct skcipher_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, void *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * inet6 interface/address list definitions * Linux INET6 implementation * * Authors: * Pedro Roque <roque@di.fc.ul.pt> */ #ifndef _NET_IF_INET6_H #define _NET_IF_INET6_H #include <net/snmp.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> /* inet6_dev.if_flags */ #define IF_RA_OTHERCONF 0x80 #define IF_RA_MANAGED 0x40 #define IF_RA_RCVD 0x20 #define IF_RS_SENT 0x10 #define IF_READY 0x80000000 /* prefix flags */ #define IF_PREFIX_ONLINK 0x01 #define IF_PREFIX_AUTOCONF 0x02 enum { INET6_IFADDR_STATE_PREDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_DAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_POSTDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_ERRDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_DEAD, }; struct inet6_ifaddr { struct in6_addr addr; __u32 prefix_len; __u32 rt_priority; /* In seconds, relative to tstamp. Expiry is at tstamp + HZ * lft. */ __u32 valid_lft; __u32 prefered_lft; refcount_t refcnt; spinlock_t lock; int state; __u32 flags; __u8 dad_probes; __u8 stable_privacy_retry; __u16 scope; __u64 dad_nonce; unsigned long cstamp; /* created timestamp */ unsigned long tstamp; /* updated timestamp */ struct delayed_work dad_work; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct fib6_info *rt; struct hlist_node addr_lst; struct list_head if_list; struct list_head tmp_list; struct inet6_ifaddr *ifpub; int regen_count; bool tokenized; struct rcu_head rcu; struct in6_addr peer_addr; }; struct ip6_sf_socklist { unsigned int sl_max; unsigned int sl_count; struct in6_addr sl_addr[]; }; #define IP6_SFLSIZE(count) (sizeof(struct ip6_sf_socklist) + \ (count) * sizeof(struct in6_addr)) #define IP6_SFBLOCK 10 /* allocate this many at once */ struct ipv6_mc_socklist { struct in6_addr addr; int ifindex; unsigned int sfmode; /* MCAST_{INCLUDE,EXCLUDE} */ struct ipv6_mc_socklist __rcu *next; rwlock_t sflock; struct ip6_sf_socklist *sflist; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ip6_sf_list { struct ip6_sf_list *sf_next; struct in6_addr sf_addr; unsigned long sf_count[2]; /* include/exclude counts */ unsigned char sf_gsresp; /* include in g & s response? */ unsigned char sf_oldin; /* change state */ unsigned char sf_crcount; /* retrans. left to send */ }; #define MAF_TIMER_RUNNING 0x01 #define MAF_LAST_REPORTER 0x02 #define MAF_LOADED 0x04 #define MAF_NOREPORT 0x08 #define MAF_GSQUERY 0x10 struct ifmcaddr6 { struct in6_addr mca_addr; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ifmcaddr6 *next; struct ip6_sf_list *mca_sources; struct ip6_sf_list *mca_tomb; unsigned int mca_sfmode; unsigned char mca_crcount; unsigned long mca_sfcount[2]; struct timer_list mca_timer; unsigned int mca_flags; int mca_users; refcount_t mca_refcnt; spinlock_t mca_lock; unsigned long mca_cstamp; unsigned long mca_tstamp; }; /* Anycast stuff */ struct ipv6_ac_socklist { struct in6_addr acl_addr; int acl_ifindex; struct ipv6_ac_socklist *acl_next; }; struct ifacaddr6 { struct in6_addr aca_addr; struct fib6_info *aca_rt; struct ifacaddr6 *aca_next; struct hlist_node aca_addr_lst; int aca_users; refcount_t aca_refcnt; unsigned long aca_cstamp; unsigned long aca_tstamp; struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define IFA_HOST IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK #define IFA_LINK IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL #define IFA_SITE IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL struct ipv6_devstat { struct proc_dir_entry *proc_dir_entry; DEFINE_SNMP_STAT(struct ipstats_mib, ipv6); DEFINE_SNMP_STAT_ATOMIC(struct icmpv6_mib_device, icmpv6dev); DEFINE_SNMP_STAT_ATOMIC(struct icmpv6msg_mib_device, icmpv6msgdev); }; struct inet6_dev { struct net_device *dev; struct list_head addr_list; struct ifmcaddr6 *mc_list; struct ifmcaddr6 *mc_tomb; spinlock_t mc_lock; unsigned char mc_qrv; /* Query Robustness Variable */ unsigned char mc_gq_running; unsigned char mc_ifc_count; unsigned char mc_dad_count; unsigned long mc_v1_seen; /* Max time we stay in MLDv1 mode */ unsigned long mc_qi; /* Query Interval */ unsigned long mc_qri; /* Query Response Interval */ unsigned long mc_maxdelay; struct timer_list mc_gq_timer; /* general query timer */ struct timer_list mc_ifc_timer; /* interface change timer */ struct timer_list mc_dad_timer; /* dad complete mc timer */ struct ifacaddr6 *ac_list; rwlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; __u32 if_flags; int dead; u32 desync_factor; struct list_head tempaddr_list; struct in6_addr token; struct neigh_parms *nd_parms; struct ipv6_devconf cnf; struct ipv6_devstat stats; struct timer_list rs_timer; __s32 rs_interval; /* in jiffies */ __u8 rs_probes; unsigned long tstamp; /* ipv6InterfaceTable update timestamp */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline void ipv6_eth_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf) { /* * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ * | 33 | 33 | DST13 | DST14 | DST15 | DST16 | * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ */ buf[0]= 0x33; buf[1]= 0x33; memcpy(buf + 2, &addr->s6_addr32[3], sizeof(__u32)); } static inline void ipv6_arcnet_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf) { buf[0] = 0x00; } static inline void ipv6_ib_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { unsigned char scope = broadcast[5] & 0xF; buf[0] = 0; /* Reserved */ buf[1] = 0xff; /* Multicast QPN */ buf[2] = 0xff; buf[3] = 0xff; buf[4] = 0xff; buf[5] = 0x10 | scope; /* scope from broadcast address */ buf[6] = 0x60; /* IPv6 signature */ buf[7] = 0x1b; buf[8] = broadcast[8]; /* P_Key */ buf[9] = broadcast[9]; memcpy(buf + 10, addr->s6_addr + 6, 10); } static inline int ipv6_ipgre_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { if ((broadcast[0] | broadcast[1] | broadcast[2] | broadcast[3]) != 0) { memcpy(buf, broadcast, 4); } else { /* v4mapped? */ if ((addr->s6_addr32[0] | addr->s6_addr32[1] | (addr->s6_addr32[2] ^ htonl(0x0000ffff))) != 0) return -EINVAL; memcpy(buf, &addr->s6_addr32[3], 4); } return 0; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2007, 2008, 2009 Siemens AG * * Written by: * Dmitry Eremin-Solenikov <dbaryshkov@gmail.com> */ #ifndef __NET_CFG802154_H #define __NET_CFG802154_H #include <linux/ieee802154.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <net/nl802154.h> struct wpan_phy; struct wpan_phy_cca; #ifdef CONFIG_IEEE802154_NL802154_EXPERIMENTAL struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key; struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel; struct ieee802154_llsec_params; struct ieee802154_llsec_device; struct ieee802154_llsec_table; struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id; struct ieee802154_llsec_key; #endif /* CONFIG_IEEE802154_NL802154_EXPERIMENTAL */ struct cfg802154_ops { struct net_device * (*add_virtual_intf_deprecated)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, const char *name, unsigned char name_assign_type, int type); void (*del_virtual_intf_deprecated)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct net_device *dev); int (*suspend)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy); int (*resume)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy); int (*add_virtual_intf)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, const char *name, unsigned char name_assign_type, enum nl802154_iftype type, __le64 extended_addr); int (*del_virtual_intf)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev); int (*set_channel)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, u8 page, u8 channel); int (*set_cca_mode)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca); int (*set_cca_ed_level)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 ed_level); int (*set_tx_power)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 power); int (*set_pan_id)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 pan_id); int (*set_short_addr)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 short_addr); int (*set_backoff_exponent)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 min_be, u8 max_be); int (*set_max_csma_backoffs)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 max_csma_backoffs); int (*set_max_frame_retries)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, s8 max_frame_retries); int (*set_lbt_mode)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool mode); int (*set_ackreq_default)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool ackreq); #ifdef CONFIG_IEEE802154_NL802154_EXPERIMENTAL void (*get_llsec_table)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_table **table); void (*lock_llsec_table)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev); void (*unlock_llsec_table)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev); /* TODO remove locking/get table callbacks, this is part of the * nl802154 interface and should be accessible from ieee802154 layer. */ int (*get_llsec_params)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params); int (*set_llsec_params)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params, int changed); int (*add_llsec_key)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key *key); int (*del_llsec_key)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id); int (*add_seclevel)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); int (*del_seclevel)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); int (*add_device)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device *dev); int (*del_device)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le64 extended_addr); int (*add_devkey)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le64 extended_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*del_devkey)(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le64 extended_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); #endif /* CONFIG_IEEE802154_NL802154_EXPERIMENTAL */ }; static inline bool wpan_phy_supported_bool(bool b, enum nl802154_supported_bool_states st) { switch (st) { case NL802154_SUPPORTED_BOOL_TRUE: return b; case NL802154_SUPPORTED_BOOL_FALSE: return !b; case NL802154_SUPPORTED_BOOL_BOTH: return true; default: WARN_ON(1); } return false; } struct wpan_phy_supported { u32 channels[IEEE802154_MAX_PAGE + 1], cca_modes, cca_opts, iftypes; enum nl802154_supported_bool_states lbt; u8 min_minbe, max_minbe, min_maxbe, max_maxbe, min_csma_backoffs, max_csma_backoffs; s8 min_frame_retries, max_frame_retries; size_t tx_powers_size, cca_ed_levels_size; const s32 *tx_powers, *cca_ed_levels; }; struct wpan_phy_cca { enum nl802154_cca_modes mode; enum nl802154_cca_opts opt; }; static inline bool wpan_phy_cca_cmp(const struct wpan_phy_cca *a, const struct wpan_phy_cca *b) { if (a->mode != b->mode) return false; if (a->mode == NL802154_CCA_ENERGY_CARRIER) return a->opt == b->opt; return true; } /** * @WPAN_PHY_FLAG_TRANSMIT_POWER: Indicates that transceiver will support * transmit power setting. * @WPAN_PHY_FLAG_CCA_ED_LEVEL: Indicates that transceiver will support cca ed * level setting. * @WPAN_PHY_FLAG_CCA_MODE: Indicates that transceiver will support cca mode * setting. */ enum wpan_phy_flags { WPAN_PHY_FLAG_TXPOWER = BIT(1), WPAN_PHY_FLAG_CCA_ED_LEVEL = BIT(2), WPAN_PHY_FLAG_CCA_MODE = BIT(3), }; struct wpan_phy { /* If multiple wpan_phys are registered and you're handed e.g. * a regular netdev with assigned ieee802154_ptr, you won't * know whether it points to a wpan_phy your driver has registered * or not. Assign this to something global to your driver to * help determine whether you own this wpan_phy or not. */ const void *privid; u32 flags; /* * This is a PIB according to 802.15.4-2011. * We do not provide timing-related variables, as they * aren't used outside of driver */ u8 current_channel; u8 current_page; struct wpan_phy_supported supported; /* current transmit_power in mBm */ s32 transmit_power; struct wpan_phy_cca cca; __le64 perm_extended_addr; /* current cca ed threshold in mBm */ s32 cca_ed_level; /* PHY depended MAC PIB values */ /* 802.15.4 acronym: Tdsym in usec */ u8 symbol_duration; /* lifs and sifs periods timing */ u16 lifs_period; u16 sifs_period; struct device dev; /* the network namespace this phy lives in currently */ possible_net_t _net; char priv[] __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct net *wpan_phy_net(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy) { return read_pnet(&wpan_phy->_net); } static inline void wpan_phy_net_set(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct net *net) { write_pnet(&wpan_phy->_net, net); } struct ieee802154_addr { u8 mode; __le16 pan_id; union { __le16 short_addr; __le64 extended_addr; }; }; struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id { u8 mode; u8 id; union { struct ieee802154_addr device_addr; __le32 short_source; __le64 extended_source; }; }; #define IEEE802154_LLSEC_KEY_SIZE 16 struct ieee802154_llsec_key { u8 frame_types; u32 cmd_frame_ids; /* TODO replace with NL802154_KEY_SIZE */ u8 key[IEEE802154_LLSEC_KEY_SIZE]; }; struct ieee802154_llsec_key_entry { struct list_head list; struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id id; struct ieee802154_llsec_key *key; }; struct ieee802154_llsec_params { bool enabled; __be32 frame_counter; u8 out_level; struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id out_key; __le64 default_key_source; __le16 pan_id; __le64 hwaddr; __le64 coord_hwaddr; __le16 coord_shortaddr; }; struct ieee802154_llsec_table { struct list_head keys; struct list_head devices; struct list_head security_levels; }; struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel { struct list_head list; u8 frame_type; u8 cmd_frame_id; bool device_override; u32 sec_levels; }; struct ieee802154_llsec_device { struct list_head list; __le16 pan_id; __le16 short_addr; __le64 hwaddr; u32 frame_counter; bool seclevel_exempt; u8 key_mode; struct list_head keys; }; struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key { struct list_head list; struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id key_id; u32 frame_counter; }; struct wpan_dev_header_ops { /* TODO create callback currently assumes ieee802154_mac_cb inside * skb->cb. This should be changed to give these information as * parameter. */ int (*create)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_addr *daddr, const struct ieee802154_addr *saddr, unsigned int len); }; struct wpan_dev { struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy; int iftype; /* the remainder of this struct should be private to cfg802154 */ struct list_head list; struct net_device *netdev; const struct wpan_dev_header_ops *header_ops; /* lowpan interface, set when the wpan_dev belongs to one lowpan_dev */ struct net_device *lowpan_dev; u32 identifier; /* MAC PIB */ __le16 pan_id; __le16 short_addr; __le64 extended_addr; /* MAC BSN field */ atomic_t bsn; /* MAC DSN field */ atomic_t dsn; u8 min_be; u8 max_be; u8 csma_retries; s8 frame_retries; bool lbt; bool promiscuous_mode; /* fallback for acknowledgment bit setting */ bool ackreq; }; #define to_phy(_dev) container_of(_dev, struct wpan_phy, dev) static inline int wpan_dev_hard_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_addr *daddr, const struct ieee802154_addr *saddr, unsigned int len) { struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev = dev->ieee802154_ptr; return wpan_dev->header_ops->create(skb, dev, daddr, saddr, len); } struct wpan_phy * wpan_phy_new(const struct cfg802154_ops *ops, size_t priv_size); static inline void wpan_phy_set_dev(struct wpan_phy *phy, struct device *dev) { phy->dev.parent = dev; } int wpan_phy_register(struct wpan_phy *phy); void wpan_phy_unregister(struct wpan_phy *phy); void wpan_phy_free(struct wpan_phy *phy); /* Same semantics as for class_for_each_device */ int wpan_phy_for_each(int (*fn)(struct wpan_phy *phy, void *data), void *data); static inline void *wpan_phy_priv(struct wpan_phy *phy) { BUG_ON(!phy); return &phy->priv; } struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy_find(const char *str); static inline void wpan_phy_put(struct wpan_phy *phy) { put_device(&phy->dev); } static inline const char *wpan_phy_name(struct wpan_phy *phy) { return dev_name(&phy->dev); } #endif /* __NET_CFG802154_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #define __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <linux/pkt_cls.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/dynamic_queue_limits.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <net/gen_stats.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/flow_offload.h> struct Qdisc_ops; struct qdisc_walker; struct tcf_walker; struct module; struct bpf_flow_keys; struct qdisc_rate_table { struct tc_ratespec rate; u32 data[256]; struct qdisc_rate_table *next; int refcnt; }; enum qdisc_state_t { __QDISC_STATE_SCHED, __QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED, __QDISC_STATE_MISSED, }; struct qdisc_size_table { struct rcu_head rcu; struct list_head list; struct tc_sizespec szopts; int refcnt; u16 data[]; }; /* similar to sk_buff_head, but skb->prev pointer is undefined. */ struct qdisc_skb_head { struct sk_buff *head; struct sk_buff *tail; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct Qdisc { int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *sch); unsigned int flags; #define TCQ_F_BUILTIN 1 #define TCQ_F_INGRESS 2 #define TCQ_F_CAN_BYPASS 4 #define TCQ_F_MQROOT 8 #define TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE 0x10 /* dequeue_skb() can assume all skbs are for * q->dev_queue : It can test * netif_xmit_frozen_or_stopped() before * dequeueing next packet. * Its true for MQ/MQPRIO slaves, or non * multiqueue device. */ #define TCQ_F_WARN_NONWC (1 << 16) #define TCQ_F_CPUSTATS 0x20 /* run using percpu statistics */ #define TCQ_F_NOPARENT 0x40 /* root of its hierarchy : * qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() should stop. */ #define TCQ_F_INVISIBLE 0x80 /* invisible by default in dump */ #define TCQ_F_NOLOCK 0x100 /* qdisc does not require locking */ #define TCQ_F_OFFLOADED 0x200 /* qdisc is offloaded to HW */ u32 limit; const struct Qdisc_ops *ops; struct qdisc_size_table __rcu *stab; struct hlist_node hash; u32 handle; u32 parent; struct netdev_queue *dev_queue; struct net_rate_estimator __rcu *rate_est; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; int pad; refcount_t refcnt; /* * For performance sake on SMP, we put highly modified fields at the end */ struct sk_buff_head gso_skb ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct qdisc_skb_head q; struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats; seqcount_t running; struct gnet_stats_queue qstats; unsigned long state; struct Qdisc *next_sched; struct sk_buff_head skb_bad_txq; spinlock_t busylock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; spinlock_t seqlock; /* for NOLOCK qdisc, true if there are no enqueued skbs */ bool empty; struct rcu_head rcu; /* private data */ long privdata[] ____cacheline_aligned; }; static inline void qdisc_refcount_inc(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return; refcount_inc(&qdisc->refcnt); } /* Intended to be used by unlocked users, when concurrent qdisc release is * possible. */ static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_refcount_inc_nz(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return qdisc; if (refcount_inc_not_zero(&qdisc->refcnt)) return qdisc; return NULL; } static inline bool qdisc_is_running(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) return spin_is_locked(&qdisc->seqlock); return (raw_read_seqcount(&qdisc->running) & 1) ? true : false; } static inline bool qdisc_is_percpu_stats(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->flags & TCQ_F_CPUSTATS; } static inline bool qdisc_is_empty(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(qdisc)) return READ_ONCE(qdisc->empty); return !READ_ONCE(qdisc->q.qlen); } static inline bool qdisc_run_begin(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { if (spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) goto nolock_empty; /* Paired with smp_mb__after_atomic() to make sure * STATE_MISSED checking is synchronized with clearing * in pfifo_fast_dequeue(). */ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* If the MISSED flag is set, it means other thread has * set the MISSED flag before second spin_trylock(), so * we can return false here to avoid multi cpus doing * the set_bit() and second spin_trylock() concurrently. */ if (test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state)) return false; /* Set the MISSED flag before the second spin_trylock(), * if the second spin_trylock() return false, it means * other cpu holding the lock will do dequeuing for us * or it will see the MISSED flag set after releasing * lock and reschedule the net_tx_action() to do the * dequeuing. */ set_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); /* spin_trylock() only has load-acquire semantic, so use * smp_mb__after_atomic() to ensure STATE_MISSED is set * before doing the second spin_trylock(). */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Retry again in case other CPU may not see the new flag * after it releases the lock at the end of qdisc_run_end(). */ if (!spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) return false; nolock_empty: WRITE_ONCE(qdisc->empty, false); } else if (qdisc_is_running(qdisc)) { return false; } /* Variant of write_seqcount_begin() telling lockdep a trylock * was attempted. */ raw_write_seqcount_begin(&qdisc->running); seqcount_acquire(&qdisc->running.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); return true; } static inline void qdisc_run_end(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { write_seqcount_end(&qdisc->running); if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { spin_unlock(&qdisc->seqlock); if (unlikely(test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state))) { clear_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); __netif_schedule(qdisc); } } } static inline bool qdisc_may_bulk(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE; } static inline int qdisc_avail_bulklimit(const struct netdev_queue *txq) { #ifdef CONFIG_BQL /* Non-BQL migrated drivers will return 0, too. */ return dql_avail(&txq->dql); #else return 0; #endif } struct Qdisc_class_ops { unsigned int flags; /* Child qdisc manipulation */ struct netdev_queue * (*select_queue)(struct Qdisc *, struct tcmsg *); int (*graft)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl, struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc **, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct Qdisc * (*leaf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl); void (*qlen_notify)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* Class manipulation routines */ unsigned long (*find)(struct Qdisc *, u32 classid); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *, u32, u32, struct nlattr **, unsigned long *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); void (*walk)(struct Qdisc *, struct qdisc_walker * arg); /* Filter manipulation */ struct tcf_block * (*tcf_block)(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned long (*bind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, u32 classid); void (*unbind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct gnet_dump *); }; /* Qdisc_class_ops flag values */ /* Implements API that doesn't require rtnl lock */ enum qdisc_class_ops_flags { QDISC_CLASS_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct Qdisc_ops { struct Qdisc_ops *next; const struct Qdisc_class_ops *cl_ops; char id[IFNAMSIZ]; int priv_size; unsigned int static_flags; int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *); struct sk_buff * (*peek)(struct Qdisc *); int (*init)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*reset)(struct Qdisc *); void (*destroy)(struct Qdisc *); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*attach)(struct Qdisc *sch); int (*change_tx_queue_len)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned int); int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, struct sk_buff *); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, struct gnet_dump *); void (*ingress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); void (*egress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); u32 (*ingress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); u32 (*egress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); struct module *owner; }; struct tcf_result { union { struct { unsigned long class; u32 classid; }; const struct tcf_proto *goto_tp; /* used in the skb_tc_reinsert function */ struct { bool ingress; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; }; }; struct tcf_chain; struct tcf_proto_ops { struct list_head head; char kind[IFNAMSIZ]; int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); int (*init)(struct tcf_proto*); void (*destroy)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void* (*get)(struct tcf_proto*, u32 handle); void (*put)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *f); int (*change)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_proto*, unsigned long, u32 handle, struct nlattr **, void **, bool, bool, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *arg, bool *last, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *); bool (*delete_empty)(struct tcf_proto *tp); void (*walk)(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_walker *arg, bool rtnl_held); int (*reoffload)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool add, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*hw_add)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*hw_del)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*bind_class)(void *, u32, unsigned long, void *, unsigned long); void * (*tmplt_create)(struct net *net, struct tcf_chain *chain, struct nlattr **tca, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*tmplt_destroy)(void *tmplt_priv); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct net*, struct tcf_proto*, void *, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*, bool); int (*terse_dump)(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp, void *fh, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg *t, bool rtnl_held); int (*tmplt_dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, void *tmplt_priv); struct module *owner; int flags; }; /* Classifiers setting TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED in tcf_proto_ops->flags * are expected to implement tcf_proto_ops->delete_empty(), otherwise race * conditions can occur when filters are inserted/deleted simultaneously. */ enum tcf_proto_ops_flags { TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct tcf_proto { /* Fast access part */ struct tcf_proto __rcu *next; void __rcu *root; /* called under RCU BH lock*/ int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); __be16 protocol; /* All the rest */ u32 prio; void *data; const struct tcf_proto_ops *ops; struct tcf_chain *chain; /* Lock protects tcf_proto shared state and can be used by unlocked * classifiers to protect their private data. */ spinlock_t lock; bool deleting; refcount_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; struct hlist_node destroy_ht_node; }; struct qdisc_skb_cb { struct { unsigned int pkt_len; u16 slave_dev_queue_mapping; u16 tc_classid; }; #define QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN 20 unsigned char data[QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN]; u16 mru; }; typedef void tcf_chain_head_change_t(struct tcf_proto *tp_head, void *priv); struct tcf_chain { /* Protects filter_chain. */ struct mutex filter_chain_lock; struct tcf_proto __rcu *filter_chain; struct list_head list; struct tcf_block *block; u32 index; /* chain index */ unsigned int refcnt; unsigned int action_refcnt; bool explicitly_created; bool flushing; const struct tcf_proto_ops *tmplt_ops; void *tmplt_priv; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct tcf_block { /* Lock protects tcf_block and lifetime-management data of chains * attached to the block (refcnt, action_refcnt, explicitly_created). */ struct mutex lock; struct list_head chain_list; u32 index; /* block index for shared blocks */ u32 classid; /* which class this block belongs to */ refcount_t refcnt; struct net *net; struct Qdisc *q; struct rw_semaphore cb_lock; /* protects cb_list and offload counters */ struct flow_block flow_block; struct list_head owner_list; bool keep_dst; atomic_t offloadcnt; /* Number of oddloaded filters */ unsigned int nooffloaddevcnt; /* Number of devs unable to do offload */ unsigned int lockeddevcnt; /* Number of devs that require rtnl lock. */ struct { struct tcf_chain *chain; struct list_head filter_chain_list; } chain0; struct rcu_head rcu; DECLARE_HASHTABLE(proto_destroy_ht, 7); struct mutex proto_destroy_lock; /* Lock for proto_destroy hashtable. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_chain *chain) { return lockdep_is_held(&chain->filter_chain_lock); } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return lockdep_is_held(&tp->lock); } #else static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_block *chain) { return true; } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return true; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ #define tcf_chain_dereference(p, chain) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(chain)) #define tcf_proto_dereference(p, tp) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(tp)) static inline void qdisc_cb_private_validate(const struct sk_buff *skb, int sz) { struct qdisc_skb_cb *qcb; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(skb->cb) < sizeof(*qcb)); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(qcb->data) < sz); } static inline int qdisc_qlen_cpu(const struct Qdisc *q) { return this_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats)->qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->q.qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen_sum(const struct Qdisc *q) { __u32 qlen = q->qstats.qlen; int i; if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(q)) { for_each_possible_cpu(i) qlen += per_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats, i)->qlen; } else { qlen += q->q.qlen; } return qlen; } static inline struct qdisc_skb_cb *qdisc_skb_cb(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct qdisc_skb_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_lock(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return &qdisc->q.lock; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference_rtnl(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); return q; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_bh(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return rcu_dereference_bh(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_sleeping(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping; } /* The qdisc root lock is a mechanism by which to top level * of a qdisc tree can be locked from any qdisc node in the * forest. This allows changing the configuration of some * aspect of the qdisc tree while blocking out asynchronous * qdisc access in the packet processing paths. * * It is only legal to do this when the root will not change * on us. Otherwise we'll potentially lock the wrong qdisc * root. This is enforced by holding the RTNL semaphore, which * all users of this lock accessor must do. */ static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline seqcount_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_running(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return &root->running; } static inline struct net_device *qdisc_dev(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->dev; } static inline void sch_tree_lock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } static inline void sch_tree_unlock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } extern struct Qdisc noop_qdisc; extern struct Qdisc_ops noop_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops pfifo_fast_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops mq_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops noqueue_qdisc_ops; extern const struct Qdisc_ops *default_qdisc_ops; static inline const struct Qdisc_ops * get_default_qdisc_ops(const struct net_device *dev, int ntx) { return ntx < dev->real_num_tx_queues ? default_qdisc_ops : &pfifo_fast_ops; } struct Qdisc_class_common { u32 classid; struct hlist_node hnode; }; struct Qdisc_class_hash { struct hlist_head *hash; unsigned int hashsize; unsigned int hashmask; unsigned int hashelems; }; static inline unsigned int qdisc_class_hash(u32 id, u32 mask) { id ^= id >> 8; id ^= id >> 4; return id & mask; } static inline struct Qdisc_class_common * qdisc_class_find(const struct Qdisc_class_hash *hash, u32 id) { struct Qdisc_class_common *cl; unsigned int h; if (!id) return NULL; h = qdisc_class_hash(id, hash->hashmask); hlist_for_each_entry(cl, &hash->hash[h], hnode) { if (cl->classid == id) return cl; } return NULL; } static inline int tc_classid_to_hwtc(struct net_device *dev, u32 classid) { u32 hwtc = TC_H_MIN(classid) - TC_H_MIN_PRIORITY; return (hwtc < netdev_get_num_tc(dev)) ? hwtc : -EINVAL; } int qdisc_class_hash_init(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_insert(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_remove(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_grow(struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_destroy(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); int dev_qdisc_change_tx_queue_len(struct net_device *dev); void dev_init_scheduler(struct net_device *dev); void dev_shutdown(struct net_device *dev); void dev_activate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate_many(struct list_head *head); struct Qdisc *dev_graft_qdisc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_reset(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put_unlocked(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(struct Qdisc *qdisc, int n, int len); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data); void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); #else static inline int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data) { q->flags &= ~TCQ_F_OFFLOADED; return 0; } static inline void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { } #endif struct Qdisc *qdisc_alloc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void qdisc_free(struct Qdisc *qdisc); struct Qdisc *qdisc_create_dflt(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, u32 parentid, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct qdisc_size_table *stab); int skb_do_redirect(struct sk_buff *); static inline bool skb_at_tc_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return skb->tc_at_ingress; #else return false; #endif } static inline bool skb_skip_tc_classify(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT if (skb->tc_skip_classify) { skb->tc_skip_classify = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } /* Reset all TX qdiscs greater than index of a device. */ static inline void qdisc_reset_all_tx_gt(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int i) { struct Qdisc *qdisc; for (; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { qdisc = rtnl_dereference(netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i)->qdisc); if (qdisc) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); qdisc_reset(qdisc); spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); } } } /* Are all TX queues of the device empty? */ static inline bool qdisc_all_tx_empty(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); const struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference(txq->qdisc); if (!qdisc_is_empty(q)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return true; } /* Are any of the TX qdiscs changing? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_changing(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != txq->qdisc_sleeping) return true; } return false; } /* Is the device using the noop qdisc on all queues? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_is_noop(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != &noop_qdisc) return false; } return true; } static inline unsigned int qdisc_pkt_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->pkt_len; } /* additional qdisc xmit flags (NET_XMIT_MASK in linux/netdevice.h) */ enum net_xmit_qdisc_t { __NET_XMIT_STOLEN = 0x00010000, __NET_XMIT_BYPASS = 0x00020000, }; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) ((e) & __NET_XMIT_STOLEN ? 0 : 1) #else #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) (1) #endif static inline void qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct Qdisc *sch) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED struct qdisc_size_table *stab = rcu_dereference_bh(sch->stab); if (stab) __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, stab); #endif } static inline int qdisc_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, sch); return sch->enqueue(skb, sch, to_free); } static inline void _bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { bstats->bytes += bytes; bstats->packets += packets; } static inline void bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { _bstats_update(bstats, qdisc_pkt_len(skb), skb_is_gso(skb) ? skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs : 1); } static inline void _bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); _bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, bytes, packets); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, skb); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(sch->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_update(&sch->bstats, skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog -= qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_sub(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog += qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_dec(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_requeues_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->requeues); } static inline void __qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch, int count) { sch->qstats.drops += count; } static inline void qstats_drop_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->drops++; } static inline void qstats_overlimit_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->overlimits++; } static inline void qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { qstats_drop_inc(&sch->qstats); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->drops); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_overlimit(struct Qdisc *sch) { sch->qstats.overlimits++; } static inline int qdisc_qstats_copy(struct gnet_dump *d, struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); return gnet_stats_copy_queue(d, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch, __u32 *qlen, __u32 *backlog) { struct gnet_stats_queue qstats = { 0 }; __u32 len = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); __gnet_stats_copy_queue(&qstats, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, len); *qlen = qstats.qlen; *backlog = qstats.backlog; } static inline void qdisc_tree_flush_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_purge_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_reset(sch); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_skb_head_init(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *last = qh->tail; if (last) { skb->next = NULL; last->next = skb; qh->tail = skb; } else { qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; } qh->qlen++; } static inline int qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, &sch->q); qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); return NET_XMIT_SUCCESS; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_head(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { skb->next = qh->head; if (!qh->head) qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; qh->qlen++; } static inline struct sk_buff *__qdisc_dequeue_head(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *skb = qh->head; if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qh->head = skb->next; qh->qlen--; if (qh->head == NULL) qh->tail = NULL; skb->next = NULL; } return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(&sch->q); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); } return skb; } /* Instead of calling kfree_skb() while root qdisc lock is held, * queue the skb for future freeing at end of __dev_xmit_skb() */ static inline void __qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline void __qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { if (skb->prev) skb->prev->next = *to_free; else skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline unsigned int __qdisc_queue_drop_head(struct Qdisc *sch, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh, struct sk_buff **to_free) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(qh); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { unsigned int len = qdisc_pkt_len(skb); qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); return len; } return 0; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { const struct qdisc_skb_head *qh = &sch->q; return qh->head; } /* generic pseudo peek method for non-work-conserving qdisc */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_dequeued(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); /* we can reuse ->gso_skb because peek isn't called for root qdiscs */ if (!skb) { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); if (skb) { __skb_queue_head(&sch->gso_skb, skb); /* it's still part of the queue */ qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen++; } } return skb; } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_enqueue(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned int pkt_len) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(sch); this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, pkt_len); } else { sch->qstats.backlog += pkt_len; sch->q.qlen++; } } /* use instead of qdisc->dequeue() for all qdiscs queried with ->peek() */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_peeked(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); if (skb) { skb = __skb_dequeue(&sch->gso_skb); if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } else { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); } return skb; } static inline void __qdisc_reset_queue(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { /* * We do not know the backlog in bytes of this list, it * is up to the caller to correct it */ ASSERT_RTNL(); if (qh->qlen) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(qh->head, qh->tail); qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } } static inline void qdisc_reset_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_reset_queue(&sch->q); sch->qstats.backlog = 0; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_replace(struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc **pold) { struct Qdisc *old; sch_tree_lock(sch); old = *pold; *pold = new; if (old != NULL) qdisc_purge_queue(old); sch_tree_unlock(sch); return old; } static inline void rtnl_qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(skb, skb); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); } static inline int qdisc_drop_cpu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop_all(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } /* Length to Time (L2T) lookup in a qdisc_rate_table, to determine how long it will take to send a packet given its size. */ static inline u32 qdisc_l2t(struct qdisc_rate_table* rtab, unsigned int pktlen) { int slot = pktlen + rtab->rate.cell_align + rtab->rate.overhead; if (slot < 0) slot = 0; slot >>= rtab->rate.cell_log; if (slot > 255) return rtab->data[255]*(slot >> 8) + rtab->data[slot & 0xFF]; return rtab->data[slot]; } struct psched_ratecfg { u64 rate_bytes_ps; /* bytes per second */ u32 mult; u16 overhead; u8 linklayer; u8 shift; }; static inline u64 psched_l2t_ns(const struct psched_ratecfg *r, unsigned int len) { len += r->overhead; if (unlikely(r->linklayer == TC_LINKLAYER_ATM)) return ((u64)(DIV_ROUND_UP(len,48)*53) * r->mult) >> r->shift; return ((u64)len * r->mult) >> r->shift; } void psched_ratecfg_precompute(struct psched_ratecfg *r, const struct tc_ratespec *conf, u64 rate64); static inline void psched_ratecfg_getrate(struct tc_ratespec *res, const struct psched_ratecfg *r) { memset(res, 0, sizeof(*res)); /* legacy struct tc_ratespec has a 32bit @rate field * Qdisc using 64bit rate should add new attributes * in order to maintain compatibility. */ res->rate = min_t(u64, r->rate_bytes_ps, ~0U); res->overhead = r->overhead; res->linklayer = (r->linklayer & TC_LINKLAYER_MASK); } /* Mini Qdisc serves for specific needs of ingress/clsact Qdisc. * The fast path only needs to access filter list and to update stats */ struct mini_Qdisc { struct tcf_proto *filter_list; struct tcf_block *block; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline void mini_qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(miniq->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void mini_qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq) { this_cpu_inc(miniq->cpu_qstats->drops); } struct mini_Qdisc_pair { struct mini_Qdisc miniq1; struct mini_Qdisc miniq2; struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq; }; void mini_qdisc_pair_swap(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_proto *tp_head); void mini_qdisc_pair_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct Qdisc *qdisc, struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq); void mini_qdisc_pair_block_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_block *block); static inline int skb_tc_reinsert(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_result *res) { return res->ingress ? netif_receive_skb(skb) : dev_queue_xmit(skb); } #endif
2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CURRENT_H #define _ASM_X86_CURRENT_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ struct task_struct; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, current_task); static __always_inline struct task_struct *get_current(void) { return this_cpu_read_stable(current_task); } #define current get_current() #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_CURRENT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2006, Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/leds.h> #include "ieee80211_i.h" #define MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY 50 /* ms */ static inline void ieee80211_led_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->rx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->rx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } static inline void ieee80211_led_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->tx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->tx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated); void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled); void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off); #else static inline void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled) { } static inline void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off) { } #endif static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->tx_bytes += bytes; #endif } static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->rx_bytes += bytes; #endif }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * User-mode machine state access * * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * Red Hat Author: Roland McGrath. */ #ifndef _LINUX_REGSET_H #define _LINUX_REGSET_H 1 #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct user_regset; struct membuf { void *p; size_t left; }; static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memset(s->p, 0, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memcpy(s->p, v, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } /* current s->p must be aligned for v; v must be a scalar */ #define membuf_store(s, v) \ ({ \ struct membuf *__s = (s); \ if (__s->left) { \ typeof(v) __v = (v); \ size_t __size = sizeof(__v); \ if (unlikely(__size > __s->left)) { \ __size = __s->left; \ memcpy(__s->p, &__v, __size); \ } else { \ *(typeof(__v + 0) *)__s->p = __v; \ } \ __s->p += __size; \ __s->left -= __size; \ } \ __s->left;}) /** * user_regset_active_fn - type of @active function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * * Return -%ENODEV if not available on the hardware found. * Return %0 if no interesting state in this thread. * Return >%0 number of @size units of interesting state. * Any get call fetching state beyond that number will * see the default initialization state for this data, * so a caller that knows what the default state is need * not copy it all out. * This call is optional; the pointer is %NULL if there * is no inexpensive check to yield a value < @n. */ typedef int user_regset_active_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset); typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, struct membuf to); /** * user_regset_set_fn - type of @set function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @pos: offset into the regset data to access, in bytes * @count: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @kbuf: if not %NULL, a kernel-space pointer to copy from * @ubuf: if @kbuf is %NULL, a user-space pointer to copy from * * Store register values. Return %0 on success; -%EIO or -%ENODEV * are usual failure returns. The @pos and @count values are in * bytes, but must be properly aligned. If @kbuf is non-null, that * buffer is used and @ubuf is ignored. If @kbuf is %NULL, then * ubuf gives a userland pointer to access directly, and an -%EFAULT * return value is possible. */ typedef int user_regset_set_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf); /** * user_regset_writeback_fn - type of @writeback function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @immediate: zero if writeback at completion of next context switch is OK * * This call is optional; usually the pointer is %NULL. When * provided, there is some user memory associated with this regset's * hardware, such as memory backing cached register data on register * window machines; the regset's data controls what user memory is * used (e.g. via the stack pointer value). * * Write register data back to user memory. If the @immediate flag * is nonzero, it must be written to the user memory so uaccess or * access_process_vm() can see it when this call returns; if zero, * then it must be written back by the time the task completes a * context switch (as synchronized with wait_task_inactive()). * Return %0 on success or if there was nothing to do, -%EFAULT for * a memory problem (bad stack pointer or whatever), or -%EIO for a * hardware problem. */ typedef int user_regset_writeback_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, int immediate); /** * struct user_regset - accessible thread CPU state * @n: Number of slots (registers). * @size: Size in bytes of a slot (register). * @align: Required alignment, in bytes. * @bias: Bias from natural indexing. * @core_note_type: ELF note @n_type value used in core dumps. * @get: Function to fetch values. * @set: Function to store values. * @active: Function to report if regset is active, or %NULL. * @writeback: Function to write data back to user memory, or %NULL. * * This data structure describes a machine resource we call a register set. * This is part of the state of an individual thread, not necessarily * actual CPU registers per se. A register set consists of a number of * similar slots, given by @n. Each slot is @size bytes, and aligned to * @align bytes (which is at least @size). For dynamically-sized * regsets, @n must contain the maximum possible number of slots for the * regset. * * For backward compatibility, the @get and @set methods must pad to, or * accept, @n * @size bytes, even if the current regset size is smaller. * The precise semantics of these operations depend on the regset being * accessed. * * The functions to which &struct user_regset members point must be * called only on the current thread or on a thread that is in * %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED state, that we are guaranteed will not * be woken up and return to user mode, and that we have called * wait_task_inactive() on. (The target thread always might wake up for * SIGKILL while these functions are working, in which case that * thread's user_regset state might be scrambled.) * * The @pos argument must be aligned according to @align; the @count * argument must be a multiple of @size. These functions are not * responsible for checking for invalid arguments. * * When there is a natural value to use as an index, @bias gives the * difference between the natural index and the slot index for the * register set. For example, x86 GDT segment descriptors form a regset; * the segment selector produces a natural index, but only a subset of * that index space is available as a regset (the TLS slots); subtracting * @bias from a segment selector index value computes the regset slot. * * If nonzero, @core_note_type gives the n_type field (NT_* value) * of the core file note in which this regset's data appears. * NT_PRSTATUS is a special case in that the regset data starts at * offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) into the note data; that is * part of the per-machine ELF formats userland knows about. In * other cases, the core file note contains exactly the whole regset * (@n * @size) and nothing else. The core file note is normally * omitted when there is an @active function and it returns zero. */ struct user_regset { user_regset_get2_fn *regset_get; user_regset_set_fn *set; user_regset_active_fn *active; user_regset_writeback_fn *writeback; unsigned int n; unsigned int size; unsigned int align; unsigned int bias; unsigned int core_note_type; }; /** * struct user_regset_view - available regsets * @name: Identifier, e.g. UTS_MACHINE string. * @regsets: Array of @n regsets available in this view. * @n: Number of elements in @regsets. * @e_machine: ELF header @e_machine %EM_* value written in core dumps. * @e_flags: ELF header @e_flags value written in core dumps. * @ei_osabi: ELF header @e_ident[%EI_OSABI] value written in core dumps. * * A regset view is a collection of regsets (&struct user_regset, * above). This describes all the state of a thread that can be seen * from a given architecture/ABI environment. More than one view might * refer to the same &struct user_regset, or more than one regset * might refer to the same machine-specific state in the thread. For * example, a 32-bit thread's state could be examined from the 32-bit * view or from the 64-bit view. Either method reaches the same thread * register state, doing appropriate widening or truncation. */ struct user_regset_view { const char *name; const struct user_regset *regsets; unsigned int n; u32 e_flags; u16 e_machine; u8 ei_osabi; }; /* * This is documented here rather than at the definition sites because its * implementation is machine-dependent but its interface is universal. */ /** * task_user_regset_view - Return the process's native regset view. * @tsk: a thread of the process in question * * Return the &struct user_regset_view that is native for the given process. * For example, what it would access when it called ptrace(). * Throughout the life of the process, this only changes at exec. */ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline int user_regset_copyin(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, void *data, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); data += *pos - start_pos; if (*kbuf) { memcpy(data, *kbuf, copy); *kbuf += copy; } else if (__copy_from_user(data, *ubuf, copy)) return -EFAULT; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } static inline int user_regset_copyin_ignore(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); if (*kbuf) *kbuf += copy; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } extern int regset_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void *data); extern int regset_get_alloc(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void **data); extern int copy_regset_to_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, void __user *data); /** * copy_regset_from_user - store into thread's user_regset data from user memory * @target: thread to be examined * @view: &struct user_regset_view describing user thread machine state * @setno: index in @view->regsets * @offset: offset into the regset data, in bytes * @size: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @data: user-mode pointer to copy from */ static inline int copy_regset_from_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, const void __user *data) { const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[setno]; if (!regset->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!access_ok(data, size)) return -EFAULT; return regset->set(target, regset, offset, size, NULL, data); } #endif /* <linux/regset.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/truncate.h * * Common inline functions needed for truncate support */ /* * Truncate blocks that were not used by write. We have to truncate the * pagecache as well so that corresponding buffers get properly unmapped. */ static inline void ext4_truncate_failed_write(struct inode *inode) { /* * We don't need to call ext4_break_layouts() because the blocks we * are truncating were never visible to userspace. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); truncate_inode_pages(inode->i_mapping, inode->i_size); ext4_truncate(inode); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); } /* * Work out how many blocks we need to proceed with the next chunk of a * truncate transaction. */ static inline unsigned long ext4_blocks_for_truncate(struct inode *inode) { ext4_lblk_t needed; needed = inode->i_blocks >> (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9); /* Give ourselves just enough room to cope with inodes in which * i_blocks is corrupt: we've seen disk corruptions in the past * which resulted in random data in an inode which looked enough * like a regular file for ext4 to try to delete it. Things * will go a bit crazy if that happens, but at least we should * try not to panic the whole kernel. */ if (needed < 2) needed = 2; /* But we need to bound the transaction so we don't overflow the * journal. */ if (needed > EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA) needed = EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA; return EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb) + needed; }
1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM skb #if !defined(_TRACE_SKB_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SKB_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> /* * Tracepoint for free an sk_buff: */ TRACE_EVENT(kfree_skb, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb, void *location), TP_ARGS(skb, location), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( void *, location ) __field( unsigned short, protocol ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->location = location; __entry->protocol = ntohs(skb->protocol); ), TP_printk("skbaddr=%p protocol=%u location=%p", __entry->skbaddr, __entry->protocol, __entry->location) ); TRACE_EVENT(consume_skb, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; ), TP_printk("skbaddr=%p", __entry->skbaddr) ); TRACE_EVENT(skb_copy_datagram_iovec, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb, int len), TP_ARGS(skb, len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, len ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->len = len; ), TP_printk("skbaddr=%p len=%d", __entry->skbaddr, __entry->len) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SKB_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_FIB_RULES_H #define __NET_FIB_RULES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/fib_rules.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> struct fib_kuid_range { kuid_t start; kuid_t end; }; struct fib_rule { struct list_head list; int iifindex; int oifindex; u32 mark; u32 mark_mask; u32 flags; u32 table; u8 action; u8 l3mdev; u8 proto; u8 ip_proto; u32 target; __be64 tun_id; struct fib_rule __rcu *ctarget; struct net *fr_net; refcount_t refcnt; u32 pref; int suppress_ifgroup; int suppress_prefixlen; char iifname[IFNAMSIZ]; char oifname[IFNAMSIZ]; struct fib_kuid_range uid_range; struct fib_rule_port_range sport_range; struct fib_rule_port_range dport_range; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct fib_lookup_arg { void *lookup_ptr; const void *lookup_data; void *result; struct fib_rule *rule; u32 table; int flags; #define FIB_LOOKUP_NOREF 1 #define FIB_LOOKUP_IGNORE_LINKSTATE 2 }; struct fib_rules_ops { int family; struct list_head list; int rule_size; int addr_size; int unresolved_rules; int nr_goto_rules; unsigned int fib_rules_seq; int (*action)(struct fib_rule *, struct flowi *, int, struct fib_lookup_arg *); bool (*suppress)(struct fib_rule *, struct fib_lookup_arg *); int (*match)(struct fib_rule *, struct flowi *, int); int (*configure)(struct fib_rule *, struct sk_buff *, struct fib_rule_hdr *, struct nlattr **, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct fib_rule *); int (*compare)(struct fib_rule *, struct fib_rule_hdr *, struct nlattr **); int (*fill)(struct fib_rule *, struct sk_buff *, struct fib_rule_hdr *); size_t (*nlmsg_payload)(struct fib_rule *); /* Called after modifications to the rules set, must flush * the route cache if one exists. */ void (*flush_cache)(struct fib_rules_ops *ops); int nlgroup; const struct nla_policy *policy; struct list_head rules_list; struct module *owner; struct net *fro_net; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct fib_rule_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; /* must be first */ struct fib_rule *rule; }; #define FRA_GENERIC_POLICY \ [FRA_UNSPEC] = { .strict_start_type = FRA_DPORT_RANGE + 1 }, \ [FRA_IIFNAME] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = IFNAMSIZ - 1 }, \ [FRA_OIFNAME] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = IFNAMSIZ - 1 }, \ [FRA_PRIORITY] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_FWMARK] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_TUN_ID] = { .type = NLA_U64 }, \ [FRA_FWMASK] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_TABLE] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_SUPPRESS_PREFIXLEN] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_SUPPRESS_IFGROUP] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_GOTO] = { .type = NLA_U32 }, \ [FRA_L3MDEV] = { .type = NLA_U8 }, \ [FRA_UID_RANGE] = { .len = sizeof(struct fib_rule_uid_range) }, \ [FRA_PROTOCOL] = { .type = NLA_U8 }, \ [FRA_IP_PROTO] = { .type = NLA_U8 }, \ [FRA_SPORT_RANGE] = { .len = sizeof(struct fib_rule_port_range) }, \ [FRA_DPORT_RANGE] = { .len = sizeof(struct fib_rule_port_range) } static inline void fib_rule_get(struct fib_rule *rule) { refcount_inc(&rule->refcnt); } static inline void fib_rule_put(struct fib_rule *rule) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&rule->refcnt)) kfree_rcu(rule, rcu); } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV static inline u32 fib_rule_get_table(struct fib_rule *rule, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg) { return rule->l3mdev ? arg->table : rule->table; } #else static inline u32 fib_rule_get_table(struct fib_rule *rule, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg) { return rule->table; } #endif static inline u32 frh_get_table(struct fib_rule_hdr *frh, struct nlattr **nla) { if (nla[FRA_TABLE]) return nla_get_u32(nla[FRA_TABLE]); return frh->table; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_range_set(const struct fib_rule_port_range *range) { return range->start != 0 && range->end != 0; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_inrange(const struct fib_rule_port_range *a, __be16 port) { return ntohs(port) >= a->start && ntohs(port) <= a->end; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_range_valid(const struct fib_rule_port_range *a) { return a->start != 0 && a->end != 0 && a->end < 0xffff && a->start <= a->end; } static inline bool fib_rule_port_range_compare(struct fib_rule_port_range *a, struct fib_rule_port_range *b) { return a->start == b->start && a->end == b->end; } static inline bool fib_rule_requires_fldissect(struct fib_rule *rule) { return rule->iifindex != LOOPBACK_IFINDEX && (rule->ip_proto || fib_rule_port_range_set(&rule->sport_range) || fib_rule_port_range_set(&rule->dport_range)); } struct fib_rules_ops *fib_rules_register(const struct fib_rules_ops *, struct net *); void fib_rules_unregister(struct fib_rules_ops *); int fib_rules_lookup(struct fib_rules_ops *, struct flowi *, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *); int fib_default_rule_add(struct fib_rules_ops *, u32 pref, u32 table, u32 flags); bool fib_rule_matchall(const struct fib_rule *rule); int fib_rules_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, int family, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned int fib_rules_seq_read(struct net *net, int family); int fib_nl_newrule(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_nl_delrule(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib6_rule_match(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *fl, int flags)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib4_rule_match(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *fl, int flags)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib6_rule_action(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *flp, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int fib4_rule_action(struct fib_rule *rule, struct flowi *flp, int flags, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(bool fib6_rule_suppress(struct fib_rule *rule, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(bool fib4_rule_suppress(struct fib_rule *rule, struct fib_lookup_arg *arg)); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 /* * linux/include/video/vga.h -- standard VGA chipset interaction * * Copyright 1999 Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com> * * Copyright history from vga16fb.c: * Copyright 1999 Ben Pfaff and Petr Vandrovec * Based on VGA info at http://www.osdever.net/FreeVGA/home.htm * Based on VESA framebuffer (c) 1998 Gerd Knorr * * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General * Public License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of this * archive for more details. * */ #ifndef __linux_video_vga_h__ #define __linux_video_vga_h__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <asm/vga.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* Some of the code below is taken from SVGAlib. The original, unmodified copyright notice for that code is below. */ /* VGAlib version 1.2 - (c) 1993 Tommy Frandsen */ /* */ /* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or */ /* modify it without any restrictions. This library is distributed */ /* in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty. */ /* Multi-chipset support Copyright 1993 Harm Hanemaayer */ /* partially copyrighted (C) 1993 by Hartmut Schirmer */ /* VGA data register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_DC 0x3D5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_DM 0x3B5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_R 0x3C1 /* Attribute Controller Data Read Register */ #define VGA_ATT_W 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_D 0x3CF /* Graphics Controller Data Register */ #define VGA_SEQ_D 0x3C5 /* Sequencer Data Register */ #define VGA_MIS_R 0x3CC /* Misc Output Read Register */ #define VGA_MIS_W 0x3C2 /* Misc Output Write Register */ #define VGA_FTC_R 0x3CA /* Feature Control Read Register */ #define VGA_IS1_RC 0x3DA /* Input Status Register 1 - color emulation */ #define VGA_IS1_RM 0x3BA /* Input Status Register 1 - mono emulation */ #define VGA_PEL_D 0x3C9 /* PEL Data Register */ #define VGA_PEL_MSK 0x3C6 /* PEL mask register */ /* EGA-specific registers */ #define EGA_GFX_E0 0x3CC /* Graphics enable processor 0 */ #define EGA_GFX_E1 0x3CA /* Graphics enable processor 1 */ /* VGA index register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_IC 0x3D4 /* CRT Controller Index - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_IM 0x3B4 /* CRT Controller Index - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_IW 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Index & Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_I 0x3CE /* Graphics Controller Index */ #define VGA_SEQ_I 0x3C4 /* Sequencer Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IW 0x3C8 /* PEL Write Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IR 0x3C7 /* PEL Read Index */ /* standard VGA indexes max counts */ #define VGA_CRT_C 0x19 /* Number of CRT Controller Registers */ #define VGA_ATT_C 0x15 /* Number of Attribute Controller Registers */ #define VGA_GFX_C 0x09 /* Number of Graphics Controller Registers */ #define VGA_SEQ_C 0x05 /* Number of Sequencer Registers */ #define VGA_MIS_C 0x01 /* Number of Misc Output Register */ /* VGA misc register bit masks */ #define VGA_MIS_COLOR 0x01 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_MEM_ACCESS 0x02 #define VGA_MIS_DCLK_28322_720 0x04 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_PLL_LOAD (0x04 | 0x08) #define VGA_MIS_SEL_HIGH_PAGE 0x20 /* VGA CRT controller register indices */ #define VGA_CRTC_H_TOTAL 0 #define VGA_CRTC_H_DISP 1 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_START 2 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_END 3 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_START 4 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_END 5 #define VGA_CRTC_V_TOTAL 6 #define VGA_CRTC_OVERFLOW 7 #define VGA_CRTC_PRESET_ROW 8 #define VGA_CRTC_MAX_SCAN 9 #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_START 0x0A #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_END 0x0B #define VGA_CRTC_START_HI 0x0C #define VGA_CRTC_START_LO 0x0D #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_HI 0x0E #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_LO 0x0F #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_START 0x10 #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_END 0x11 #define VGA_CRTC_V_DISP_END 0x12 #define VGA_CRTC_OFFSET 0x13 #define VGA_CRTC_UNDERLINE 0x14 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_START 0x15 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_END 0x16 #define VGA_CRTC_MODE 0x17 #define VGA_CRTC_LINE_COMPARE 0x18 #define VGA_CRTC_REGS VGA_CRT_C /* VGA CRT controller bit masks */ #define VGA_CR11_LOCK_CR0_CR7 0x80 /* lock writes to CR0 - CR7 */ #define VGA_CR17_H_V_SIGNALS_ENABLED 0x80 /* VGA attribute controller register indices */ #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE0 0x00 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE1 0x01 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE2 0x02 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE3 0x03 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE4 0x04 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE5 0x05 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE6 0x06 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE7 0x07 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE8 0x08 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE9 0x09 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEA 0x0A #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEB 0x0B #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEC 0x0C #define VGA_ATC_PALETTED 0x0D #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEE 0x0E #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEF 0x0F #define VGA_ATC_MODE 0x10 #define VGA_ATC_OVERSCAN 0x11 #define VGA_ATC_PLANE_ENABLE 0x12 #define VGA_ATC_PEL 0x13 #define VGA_ATC_COLOR_PAGE 0x14 #define VGA_AR_ENABLE_DISPLAY 0x20 /* VGA sequencer register indices */ #define VGA_SEQ_RESET 0x00 #define VGA_SEQ_CLOCK_MODE 0x01 #define VGA_SEQ_PLANE_WRITE 0x02 #define VGA_SEQ_CHARACTER_MAP 0x03 #define VGA_SEQ_MEMORY_MODE 0x04 /* VGA sequencer register bit masks */ #define VGA_SR01_CHAR_CLK_8DOTS 0x01 /* bit 0: character clocks 8 dots wide are generated */ #define VGA_SR01_SCREEN_OFF 0x20 /* bit 5: Screen is off */ #define VGA_SR02_ALL_PLANES 0x0F /* bits 3-0: enable access to all planes */ #define VGA_SR04_EXT_MEM 0x02 /* bit 1: allows complete mem access to 256K */ #define VGA_SR04_SEQ_MODE 0x04 /* bit 2: directs system to use a sequential addressing mode */ #define VGA_SR04_CHN_4M 0x08 /* bit 3: selects modulo 4 addressing for CPU access to display memory */ /* VGA graphics controller register indices */ #define VGA_GFX_SR_VALUE 0x00 #define VGA_GFX_SR_ENABLE 0x01 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_VALUE 0x02 #define VGA_GFX_DATA_ROTATE 0x03 #define VGA_GFX_PLANE_READ 0x04 #define VGA_GFX_MODE 0x05 #define VGA_GFX_MISC 0x06 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_MASK 0x07 #define VGA_GFX_BIT_MASK 0x08 /* VGA graphics controller bit masks */ #define VGA_GR06_GRAPHICS_MODE 0x01 /* macro for composing an 8-bit VGA register index and value * into a single 16-bit quantity */ #define VGA_OUT16VAL(v, r) (((v) << 8) | (r)) /* decide whether we should enable the faster 16-bit VGA register writes */ #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN #define VGA_OUTW_WRITE #endif /* VGA State Save and Restore */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT0 1 /* save/restore plane 2 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT1 2 /* save/restore plane 3 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_TEXT 4 /* save/restore plane 0/1 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONTS 7 /* save/restore all fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_MODE 8 /* save/restore video mode */ #define VGA_SAVE_CMAP 16 /* save/restore color map/DAC */ struct vgastate { void __iomem *vgabase; /* mmio base, if supported */ unsigned long membase; /* VGA window base, 0 for default - 0xA000 */ __u32 memsize; /* VGA window size, 0 for default 64K */ __u32 flags; /* what state[s] to save (see VGA_SAVE_*) */ __u32 depth; /* current fb depth, not important */ __u32 num_attr; /* number of att registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_crtc; /* number of crt registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_gfx; /* number of gfx registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_seq; /* number of seq registers, 0 for default */ void *vidstate; }; extern int save_vga(struct vgastate *state); extern int restore_vga(struct vgastate *state); /* * generic VGA port read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_io_r (unsigned short port) { return inb_p(port); } static inline void vga_io_w (unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { outb_p(val, port); } static inline void vga_io_w_fast (unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { outw(VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), port); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { return readb (regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { writeb (val, regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { writew (VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), regbase + port); } static inline unsigned char vga_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { if (regbase) return vga_mm_r (regbase, port); else return vga_io_r (port); } static inline void vga_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w (regbase, port, val); else vga_io_w (port, val); } static inline void vga_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, port, reg, val); else vga_io_w_fast (port, reg, val); } /* * VGA CRTC register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rcrt (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_io_wcrt (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_mm_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA sequencer register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rseq (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_io_wseq (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA graphics controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rgfx (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_io_wgfx (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA attribute controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rattr (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_io_wattr (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_mm_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } #endif /* __linux_video_vga_h__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Written by Mark Hemment, 1996 (markhe@nextd.demon.co.uk). * * (C) SGI 2006, Christoph Lameter * Cleaned up and restructured to ease the addition of alternative * implementations of SLAB allocators. * (C) Linux Foundation 2008-2013 * Unified interface for all slab allocators */ #ifndef _LINUX_SLAB_H #define _LINUX_SLAB_H #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> /* * Flags to pass to kmem_cache_create(). * The ones marked DEBUG are only valid if CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB is set. */ /* DEBUG: Perform (expensive) checks on alloc/free */ #define SLAB_CONSISTENCY_CHECKS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000100U) /* DEBUG: Red zone objs in a cache */ #define SLAB_RED_ZONE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000400U) /* DEBUG: Poison objects */ #define SLAB_POISON ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000800U) /* Align objs on cache lines */ #define SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00002000U) /* Use GFP_DMA memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00004000U) /* Use GFP_DMA32 memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00008000U) /* DEBUG: Store the last owner for bug hunting */ #define SLAB_STORE_USER ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00010000U) /* Panic if kmem_cache_create() fails */ #define SLAB_PANIC ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00040000U) /* * SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU - **WARNING** READ THIS! * * This delays freeing the SLAB page by a grace period, it does _NOT_ * delay object freeing. This means that if you do kmem_cache_free() * that memory location is free to be reused at any time. Thus it may * be possible to see another object there in the same RCU grace period. * * This feature only ensures the memory location backing the object * stays valid, the trick to using this is relying on an independent * object validation pass. Something like: * * rcu_read_lock() * again: * obj = lockless_lookup(key); * if (obj) { * if (!try_get_ref(obj)) // might fail for free objects * goto again; * * if (obj->key != key) { // not the object we expected * put_ref(obj); * goto again; * } * } * rcu_read_unlock(); * * This is useful if we need to approach a kernel structure obliquely, * from its address obtained without the usual locking. We can lock * the structure to stabilize it and check it's still at the given address, * only if we can be sure that the memory has not been meanwhile reused * for some other kind of object (which our subsystem's lock might corrupt). * * rcu_read_lock before reading the address, then rcu_read_unlock after * taking the spinlock within the structure expected at that address. * * Note that SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU was originally named SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU. */ /* Defer freeing slabs to RCU */ #define SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00080000U) /* Spread some memory over cpuset */ #define SLAB_MEM_SPREAD ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00100000U) /* Trace allocations and frees */ #define SLAB_TRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00200000U) /* Flag to prevent checks on free */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00400000U) #else # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS 0 #endif /* Avoid kmemleak tracing */ #define SLAB_NOLEAKTRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00800000U) /* Fault injection mark */ #ifdef CONFIG_FAILSLAB # define SLAB_FAILSLAB ((slab_flags_t __force)0x02000000U) #else # define SLAB_FAILSLAB 0 #endif /* Account to memcg */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM # define SLAB_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x04000000U) #else # define SLAB_ACCOUNT 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN #define SLAB_KASAN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x08000000U) #else #define SLAB_KASAN 0 #endif /* The following flags affect the page allocator grouping pages by mobility */ /* Objects are reclaimable */ #define SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00020000U) #define SLAB_TEMPORARY SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT /* Objects are short-lived */ /* Slab deactivation flag */ #define SLAB_DEACTIVATED ((slab_flags_t __force)0x10000000U) /* * ZERO_SIZE_PTR will be returned for zero sized kmalloc requests. * * Dereferencing ZERO_SIZE_PTR will lead to a distinct access fault. * * ZERO_SIZE_PTR can be passed to kfree though in the same way that NULL can. * Both make kfree a no-op. */ #define ZERO_SIZE_PTR ((void *)16) #define ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) <= \ (unsigned long)ZERO_SIZE_PTR) #include <linux/kasan.h> struct mem_cgroup; /* * struct kmem_cache related prototypes */ void __init kmem_cache_init(void); bool slab_is_available(void); extern bool usercopy_fallback; struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, void (*ctor)(void *)); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create_usercopy(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, unsigned int useroffset, unsigned int usersize, void (*ctor)(void *)); void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *); int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *); /* * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the * name of the structure and maybe some flags that are listed above. * * The alignment of the struct determines object alignment. If you * f.e. add ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp to the struct declaration * then the objects will be properly aligned in SMP configurations. */ #define KMEM_CACHE(__struct, __flags) \ kmem_cache_create(#__struct, sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), NULL) /* * To whitelist a single field for copying to/from usercopy, use this * macro instead for KMEM_CACHE() above. */ #define KMEM_CACHE_USERCOPY(__struct, __flags, __field) \ kmem_cache_create_usercopy(#__struct, \ sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), \ offsetof(struct __struct, __field), \ sizeof_field(struct __struct, __field), NULL) /* * Common kmalloc functions provided by all allocators */ void * __must_check krealloc(const void *, size_t, gfp_t); void kfree(const void *); void kfree_sensitive(const void *); size_t __ksize(const void *); size_t ksize(const void *); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HARDENED_USERCOPY_ALLOCATOR void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user); #else static inline void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user) { } #endif /* * Some archs want to perform DMA into kmalloc caches and need a guaranteed * alignment larger than the alignment of a 64-bit integer. * Setting ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN in arch headers allows that. */ #if defined(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) && ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN > 8 #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW ilog2(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) #else #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * Setting ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN in arch headers allows a different alignment. * Intended for arches that get misalignment faults even for 64 bit integer * aligned buffers. */ #ifndef ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN #define ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * kmalloc and friends return ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN aligned * pointers. kmem_cache_alloc and friends return ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN * aligned pointers. */ #define __assume_kmalloc_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN) #define __assume_slab_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN) #define __assume_page_alignment __assume_aligned(PAGE_SIZE) /* * Kmalloc array related definitions */ #ifdef CONFIG_SLAB /* * The largest kmalloc size supported by the SLAB allocators is * 32 megabyte (2^25) or the maximum allocatable page order if that is * less than 32 MB. * * WARNING: Its not easy to increase this value since the allocators have * to do various tricks to work around compiler limitations in order to * ensure proper constant folding. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH ((MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) <= 25 ? \ (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) : 25) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 5 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLUB /* * SLUB directly allocates requests fitting in to an order-1 page * (PAGE_SIZE*2). Larger requests are passed to the page allocator. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH (PAGE_SHIFT + 1) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLOB /* * SLOB passes all requests larger than one page to the page allocator. * No kmalloc array is necessary since objects of different sizes can * be allocated from the same page. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH PAGE_SHIFT #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif /* Maximum allocatable size */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX) /* Maximum size for which we actually use a slab cache */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH) /* Maximum order allocatable via the slab allocator */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_ORDER (KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX - PAGE_SHIFT) /* * Kmalloc subsystem. */ #ifndef KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE (1 << KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW) #endif /* * This restriction comes from byte sized index implementation. * Page size is normally 2^12 bytes and, in this case, if we want to use * byte sized index which can represent 2^8 entries, the size of the object * should be equal or greater to 2^12 / 2^8 = 2^4 = 16. * If minimum size of kmalloc is less than 16, we use it as minimum object * size and give up to use byte sized index. */ #define SLAB_OBJ_MIN_SIZE (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE < 16 ? \ (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) : 16) /* * Whenever changing this, take care of that kmalloc_type() and * create_kmalloc_caches() still work as intended. */ enum kmalloc_cache_type { KMALLOC_NORMAL = 0, KMALLOC_RECLAIM, #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA KMALLOC_DMA, #endif NR_KMALLOC_TYPES }; #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB extern struct kmem_cache * kmalloc_caches[NR_KMALLOC_TYPES][KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH + 1]; static __always_inline enum kmalloc_cache_type kmalloc_type(gfp_t flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA /* * The most common case is KMALLOC_NORMAL, so test for it * with a single branch for both flags. */ if (likely((flags & (__GFP_DMA | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE)) == 0)) return KMALLOC_NORMAL; /* * At least one of the flags has to be set. If both are, __GFP_DMA * is more important. */ return flags & __GFP_DMA ? KMALLOC_DMA : KMALLOC_RECLAIM; #else return flags & __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ? KMALLOC_RECLAIM : KMALLOC_NORMAL; #endif } /* * Figure out which kmalloc slab an allocation of a certain size * belongs to. * 0 = zero alloc * 1 = 65 .. 96 bytes * 2 = 129 .. 192 bytes * n = 2^(n-1)+1 .. 2^n */ static __always_inline unsigned int kmalloc_index(size_t size) { if (!size) return 0; if (size <= KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) return KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 32 && size > 64 && size <= 96) return 1; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64 && size > 128 && size <= 192) return 2; if (size <= 8) return 3; if (size <= 16) return 4; if (size <= 32) return 5; if (size <= 64) return 6; if (size <= 128) return 7; if (size <= 256) return 8; if (size <= 512) return 9; if (size <= 1024) return 10; if (size <= 2 * 1024) return 11; if (size <= 4 * 1024) return 12; if (size <= 8 * 1024) return 13; if (size <= 16 * 1024) return 14; if (size <= 32 * 1024) return 15; if (size <= 64 * 1024) return 16; if (size <= 128 * 1024) return 17; if (size <= 256 * 1024) return 18; if (size <= 512 * 1024) return 19; if (size <= 1024 * 1024) return 20; if (size <= 2 * 1024 * 1024) return 21; if (size <= 4 * 1024 * 1024) return 22; if (size <= 8 * 1024 * 1024) return 23; if (size <= 16 * 1024 * 1024) return 24; if (size <= 32 * 1024 * 1024) return 25; if (size <= 64 * 1024 * 1024) return 26; BUG(); /* Will never be reached. Needed because the compiler may complain */ return -1; } #endif /* !CONFIG_SLOB */ void *__kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; void kmem_cache_free(struct kmem_cache *, void *); /* * Bulk allocation and freeing operations. These are accelerated in an * allocator specific way to avoid taking locks repeatedly or building * metadata structures unnecessarily. * * Note that interrupts must be enabled when calling these functions. */ void kmem_cache_free_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, size_t, void **); int kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t, void **); /* * Caller must not use kfree_bulk() on memory not originally allocated * by kmalloc(), because the SLOB allocator cannot handle this. */ static __always_inline void kfree_bulk(size_t size, void **p) { kmem_cache_free_bulk(NULL, size, p); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { return kmem_cache_alloc_trace(s, gfpflags, size); } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #else /* CONFIG_TRACING */ static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, flags); return ret; } static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, gfpflags); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ extern void *kmalloc_order(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) { return kmalloc_order(size, flags, order); } #endif static __always_inline void *kmalloc_large(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { unsigned int order = get_order(size); return kmalloc_order_trace(size, flags, order); } /** * kmalloc - allocate memory * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * kmalloc is the normal method of allocating memory * for objects smaller than page size in the kernel. * * The allocated object address is aligned to at least ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN * bytes. For @size of power of two bytes, the alignment is also guaranteed * to be at least to the size. * * The @flags argument may be one of the GFP flags defined at * include/linux/gfp.h and described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst <mm-api-gfp-flags>` * * The recommended usage of the @flags is described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/memory-allocation.rst <memory_allocation>` * * Below is a brief outline of the most useful GFP flags * * %GFP_KERNEL * Allocate normal kernel ram. May sleep. * * %GFP_NOWAIT * Allocation will not sleep. * * %GFP_ATOMIC * Allocation will not sleep. May use emergency pools. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER * Allocate memory from high memory on behalf of user. * * Also it is possible to set different flags by OR'ing * in one or more of the following additional @flags: * * %__GFP_HIGH * This allocation has high priority and may use emergency pools. * * %__GFP_NOFAIL * Indicate that this allocation is in no way allowed to fail * (think twice before using). * * %__GFP_NORETRY * If memory is not immediately available, * then give up at once. * * %__GFP_NOWARN * If allocation fails, don't issue any warnings. * * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * Try really hard to succeed the allocation but fail * eventually. */ static __always_inline void *kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB unsigned int index; #endif if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) return kmalloc_large(size, flags); #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB index = kmalloc_index(size); if (!index) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][index], flags, size); #endif } return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && size <= KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) { unsigned int i = kmalloc_index(size); if (!i) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][i], flags, node, size); } #endif return __kmalloc_node(size, flags, node); } /** * kmalloc_array - allocate memory for an array. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size)) return kmalloc(bytes, flags); return __kmalloc(bytes, flags); } /** * kcalloc - allocate memory for an array. The memory is set to zero. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /* * kmalloc_track_caller is a special version of kmalloc that records the * calling function of the routine calling it for slab leak tracking instead * of just the calling function (confusing, eh?). * It's useful when the call to kmalloc comes from a widely-used standard * allocator where we care about the real place the memory allocation * request comes from. */ extern void *__kmalloc_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, unsigned long); #define kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags) \ __kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags, _RET_IP_) static inline void *kmalloc_array_node(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size)) return kmalloc_node(bytes, flags, node); return __kmalloc_node(bytes, flags, node); } static inline void *kcalloc_node(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmalloc_array_node(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void *__kmalloc_node_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, int, unsigned long); #define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \ __kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node, \ _RET_IP_) #else /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \ kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ /* * Shortcuts */ static inline void *kmem_cache_zalloc(struct kmem_cache *k, gfp_t flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(k, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * kzalloc - allocate memory. The memory is set to zero. * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * kzalloc_node - allocate zeroed memory from a particular memory node. * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). * @node: memory node from which to allocate */ static inline void *kzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } unsigned int kmem_cache_size(struct kmem_cache *s); void __init kmem_cache_init_late(void); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_SLAB) int slab_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int slab_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define slab_prepare_cpu NULL #define slab_dead_cpu NULL #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SLAB_H */
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1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Resizable, Scalable, Concurrent Hash Table * * Copyright (c) 2015-2016 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch> * Copyright (c) 2008-2014 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> * * Code partially derived from nft_hash * Rewritten with rehash code from br_multicast plus single list * pointer as suggested by Josh Triplett * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as * published by the Free Software Foundation. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H #define _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> /* * Objects in an rhashtable have an embedded struct rhash_head * which is linked into as hash chain from the hash table - or one * of two or more hash tables when the rhashtable is being resized. * The end of the chain is marked with a special nulls marks which has * the least significant bit set but otherwise stores the address of * the hash bucket. This allows us to be sure we've found the end * of the right list. * The value stored in the hash bucket has BIT(0) used as a lock bit. * This bit must be atomically set before any changes are made to * the chain. To avoid dereferencing this pointer without clearing * the bit first, we use an opaque 'struct rhash_lock_head *' for the * pointer stored in the bucket. This struct needs to be defined so * that rcu_dereference() works on it, but it has no content so a * cast is needed for it to be useful. This ensures it isn't * used by mistake with clearing the lock bit first. */ struct rhash_lock_head {}; /* Maximum chain length before rehash * * The maximum (not average) chain length grows with the size of the hash * table, at a rate of (log N)/(log log N). * * The value of 16 is selected so that even if the hash table grew to * 2^32 you would not expect the maximum chain length to exceed it * unless we are under attack (or extremely unlucky). * * As this limit is only to detect attacks, we don't need to set it to a * lower value as you'd need the chain length to vastly exceed 16 to have * any real effect on the system. */ #define RHT_ELASTICITY 16u /** * struct bucket_table - Table of hash buckets * @size: Number of hash buckets * @nest: Number of bits of first-level nested table. * @rehash: Current bucket being rehashed * @hash_rnd: Random seed to fold into hash * @walkers: List of active walkers * @rcu: RCU structure for freeing the table * @future_tbl: Table under construction during rehashing * @ntbl: Nested table used when out of memory. * @buckets: size * hash buckets */ struct bucket_table { unsigned int size; unsigned int nest; u32 hash_rnd; struct list_head walkers; struct rcu_head rcu; struct bucket_table __rcu *future_tbl; struct lockdep_map dep_map; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *buckets[] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; /* * NULLS_MARKER() expects a hash value with the low * bits mostly likely to be significant, and it discards * the msb. * We give it an address, in which the bottom bit is * always 0, and the msb might be significant. * So we shift the address down one bit to align with * expectations and avoid losing a significant bit. * * We never store the NULLS_MARKER in the hash table * itself as we need the lsb for locking. * Instead we store a NULL */ #define RHT_NULLS_MARKER(ptr) \ ((void *)NULLS_MARKER(((unsigned long) (ptr)) >> 1)) #define INIT_RHT_NULLS_HEAD(ptr) \ ((ptr) = NULL) static inline bool rht_is_a_nulls(const struct rhash_head *ptr) { return ((unsigned long) ptr & 1); } static inline void *rht_obj(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct rhash_head *he) { return (char *)he - ht->p.head_offset; } static inline unsigned int rht_bucket_index(const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return hash & (tbl->size - 1); } static inline unsigned int rht_key_get_hash(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params, unsigned int hash_rnd) { unsigned int hash; /* params must be equal to ht->p if it isn't constant. */ if (!__builtin_constant_p(params.key_len)) hash = ht->p.hashfn(key, ht->key_len, hash_rnd); else if (params.key_len) { unsigned int key_len = params.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else if (key_len & (sizeof(u32) - 1)) hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash2(key, key_len / sizeof(u32), hash_rnd); } else { unsigned int key_len = ht->p.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); } return hash; } static inline unsigned int rht_key_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { unsigned int hash = rht_key_get_hash(ht, key, params, tbl->hash_rnd); return rht_bucket_index(tbl, hash); } static inline unsigned int rht_head_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const struct rhash_head *he, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *ptr = rht_obj(ht, he); return likely(params.obj_hashfn) ? rht_bucket_index(tbl, params.obj_hashfn(ptr, params.key_len ?: ht->p.key_len, tbl->hash_rnd)) : rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, ptr + params.key_offset, params); } /** * rht_grow_above_75 - returns true if nelems > 0.75 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_75(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Expand table when exceeding 75% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > (tbl->size / 4 * 3) && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_shrink_below_30 - returns true if nelems < 0.3 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_shrink_below_30(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Shrink table beneath 30% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) < (tbl->size * 3 / 10) && tbl->size > ht->p.min_size; } /** * rht_grow_above_100 - returns true if nelems > table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_100(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > tbl->size && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_grow_above_max - returns true if table is above maximum * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_max(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) >= ht->max_elems; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht); int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash); #else static inline int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht) { return 1; } static inline int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ void *rhashtable_insert_slow(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj); void rhashtable_walk_enter(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_exit(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); int rhashtable_walk_start_check(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __acquires(RCU); static inline void rhashtable_walk_start(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { (void)rhashtable_walk_start_check(iter); } void *rhashtable_walk_next(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void *rhashtable_walk_peek(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_stop(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __releases(RCU); void rhashtable_free_and_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg); void rhashtable_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_nested( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **__rht_bucket_nested( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_nested_insert( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); #define rht_dereference(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_rcu(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_bucket(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_entry(tpos, pos, member) \ ({ tpos = container_of(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }) static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *rht_bucket( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_var( struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? __rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_insert( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested_insert(ht, tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } /* * We lock a bucket by setting BIT(0) in the pointer - this is always * zero in real pointers. The NULLS mark is never stored in the bucket, * rather we store NULL if the bucket is empty. * bit_spin_locks do not handle contention well, but the whole point * of the hashtable design is to achieve minimum per-bucket contention. * A nested hash table might not have a bucket pointer. In that case * we cannot get a lock. For remove and replace the bucket cannot be * interesting and doesn't need locking. * For insert we allocate the bucket if this is the last bucket_table, * and then take the lock. * Sometimes we unlock a bucket by writing a new pointer there. In that * case we don't need to unlock, but we do need to reset state such as * local_bh. For that we have rht_assign_unlock(). As rcu_assign_pointer() * provides the same release semantics that bit_spin_unlock() provides, * this is safe. * When we write to a bucket without unlocking, we use rht_assign_locked(). */ static inline void rht_lock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); lock_map_acquire(&tbl->dep_map); } static inline void rht_lock_nested(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bucket, unsigned int subclass) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bucket); lock_acquire_exclusive(&tbl->dep_map, subclass, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rht_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt) { lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); bit_spin_unlock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); local_bh_enable(); } static inline struct rhash_head *__rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head *p, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return (struct rhash_head *) ((unsigned long)p & ~BIT(0) ?: (unsigned long)RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); } /* * Where 'bkt' is a bucket and might be locked: * rht_ptr_rcu() dereferences that pointer and clears the lock bit. * rht_ptr() dereferences in a context where the bucket is locked. * rht_ptr_exclusive() dereferences in a context where exclusive * access is guaranteed, such as when destroying the table. */ static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_rcu( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference(*bkt), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return __rht_ptr(rht_dereference_bucket(*bkt, tbl, hash), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_exclusive( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference_protected(*bkt, 1), bkt); } static inline void rht_assign_locked(struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*bkt, (void *)((unsigned long)obj | BIT(0))); } static inline void rht_assign_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); rcu_assign_pointer(*bkt, (void *)obj); preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rht_for_each_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each - iterate over hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each(pos, tbl, hash) \ rht_for_each_from(pos, rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash) /** * rht_for_each_entry_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry - iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rht_for_each_entry_safe - safely iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @next: the &struct rhash_head to use as next in loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive allows for the looped code to * remove the loop cursor from the list. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_safe(tpos, pos, next, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = next, \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL) /** * rht_for_each_rcu_from - iterate over rcu hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu(pos, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)); \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from - iterated over rcu hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(pos->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rhl_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_rcu(pos, list) \ for (pos = list; pos; pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rhl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * @member: name of the &struct rlist_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, list, member) \ for (pos = list; pos && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) static inline int rhashtable_compare(struct rhashtable_compare_arg *arg, const void *obj) { struct rhashtable *ht = arg->ht; const char *ptr = obj; return memcmp(ptr + ht->p.key_offset, arg->key, ht->p.key_len); } /* Internal function, do not use. */ static inline struct rhash_head *__rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); restart: hash = rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, key, params); bkt = rht_bucket(tbl, hash); do { rht_for_each_rcu_from(he, rht_ptr_rcu(bkt), tbl, hash) { if (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he))) continue; return he; } /* An object might have been moved to a different hash chain, * while we walk along it - better check and retry. */ } while (he != RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); /* Ensure we see any new tables. */ smp_rmb(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht); if (unlikely(tbl)) goto restart; return NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup - search hash table * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); return he ? rht_obj(ht, he) : NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_fast - search hash table, without RCU read lock * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * Only use this function when you have other mechanisms guaranteeing * that the object won't go away after the RCU read lock is released. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *obj; rcu_read_lock(); obj = rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); rcu_read_unlock(); return obj; } /** * rhltable_lookup - search hash list table * @hlt: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. All matching entries are returned * in a list. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the list of entries that match the given key. */ static inline struct rhlist_head *rhltable_lookup( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(&hlt->ht, key, params); return he ? container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead) : NULL; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_insert_fast() instead. This * function returns the existing element already in hashes in there is a clash, * otherwise it returns an error via ERR_PTR(). */ static inline void *__rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *head; unsigned int hash; int elasticity; void *data; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); elasticity = RHT_ELASTICITY; bkt = rht_bucket_insert(ht, tbl, hash); data = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!bkt) goto out; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); if (unlikely(rcu_access_pointer(tbl->future_tbl))) { slow_path: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); rcu_read_unlock(); return rhashtable_insert_slow(ht, key, obj); } rht_for_each_from(head, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *plist; struct rhlist_head *list; elasticity--; if (!key || (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)))) { pprev = &head->next; continue; } data = rht_obj(ht, head); if (!rhlist) goto out_unlock; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); plist = container_of(head, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, plist); head = rht_dereference_bucket(head->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, head); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); data = NULL; goto out; } if (elasticity <= 0) goto slow_path; data = ERR_PTR(-E2BIG); if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_max(ht, tbl))) goto out_unlock; if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_100(ht, tbl))) goto slow_path; /* Inserting at head of list makes unlocking free. */ head = rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(obj->next, head); if (rhlist) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, NULL); } atomic_inc(&ht->nelems); rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); if (rht_grow_above_75(ht, tbl)) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); data = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return data; out_unlock: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); goto out; } /** * rhashtable_insert_fast - insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, NULL, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhltable_insert_key - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @key: the pointer to the key * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert_key( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return PTR_ERR(__rhashtable_insert_fast(&hlt->ht, key, &list->rhead, params, true)); } /** * rhltable_insert - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead); key += params.key_offset; return rhltable_insert_key(hlt, key, list, params); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * This lookup function may only be used for fixed key hash table (key_len * parameter set). It will BUG() if used inappropriately. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); void *ret; BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it did not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_key - search and insert object to hash table * with explicit key * @ht: hash table * @key: key * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Lookups may occur in parallel with hashtable mutations and resizing. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. * * Returns zero on success. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @key: key * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_key(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it does not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast_one( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead); if (he != obj) { struct rhlist_head __rcu **lpprev; pprev = &he->next; if (!rhlist) continue; do { lpprev = &list->next; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); } while (list && obj != &list->rhead); if (!list) continue; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(*lpprev, list); err = 0; break; } obj = rht_dereference_bucket(obj->next, tbl, hash); err = 1; if (rhlist) { list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); if (list) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, obj); obj = &list->rhead; err = 0; } } if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); } goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: if (err > 0) { atomic_dec(&ht->nelems); if (unlikely(ht->p.automatic_shrinking && rht_shrink_below_30(ht, tbl))) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); err = 0; } return err; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_remove_fast_one(ht, tbl, obj, params, rhlist)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhashtable_remove_fast - remove object from hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30%. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(ht, obj, params, false); } /** * rhltable_remove - remove object from hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30% * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhltable_remove( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead, params, true); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_replace_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; /* Minimally, the old and new objects must have same hash * (which should mean identifiers are the same). */ hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_old, params); if (hash != rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_new, params)) return -EINVAL; bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { if (he != obj_old) { pprev = &he->next; continue; } rcu_assign_pointer(obj_new->next, obj_old->next); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj_new); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj_new); } err = 0; goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: return err; } /** * rhashtable_replace_fast - replace an object in hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj_old: pointer to hash head inside object being replaced * @obj_new: pointer to hash head inside object which is new * @params: hash table parameters * * Replacing an object doesn't affect the number of elements in the hash table * or bucket, so we don't need to worry about shrinking or expanding the * table here. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found, * -EINVAL if hash is not the same for the old and new objects. */ static inline int rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_replace_fast(ht, tbl, obj_old, obj_new, params)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhltable_walk_enter - Initialise an iterator * @hlt: Table to walk over * @iter: Hash table Iterator * * This function prepares a hash table walk. * * Note that if you restart a walk after rhashtable_walk_stop you * may see the same object twice. Also, you may miss objects if * there are removals in between rhashtable_walk_stop and the next * call to rhashtable_walk_start. * * For a completely stable walk you should construct your own data * structure outside the hash table. * * This function may be called from any process context, including * non-preemptable context, but cannot be called from softirq or * hardirq context. * * You must call rhashtable_walk_exit after this function returns. */ static inline void rhltable_walk_enter(struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { return rhashtable_walk_enter(&hlt->ht, iter); } /** * rhltable_free_and_destroy - free elements and destroy hash list table * @hlt: the hash list table to destroy * @free_fn: callback to release resources of element * @arg: pointer passed to free_fn * * See documentation for rhashtable_free_and_destroy. */ static inline void rhltable_free_and_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg) { return rhashtable_free_and_destroy(&hlt->ht, free_fn, arg); } static inline void rhltable_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt) { return rhltable_free_and_destroy(hlt, NULL, NULL); } #endif /* _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM io_uring #if !defined(_TRACE_IO_URING_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_IO_URING_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct io_wq_work; /** * io_uring_create - called after a new io_uring context was prepared * * @fd: corresponding file descriptor * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @sq_entries: actual SQ size * @cq_entries: actual CQ size * @flags: SQ ring flags, provided to io_uring_setup(2) * * Allows to trace io_uring creation and provide pointer to a context, that can * be used later to find correlated events. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_create, TP_PROTO(int fd, void *ctx, u32 sq_entries, u32 cq_entries, u32 flags), TP_ARGS(fd, ctx, sq_entries, cq_entries, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( int, fd ) __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u32, sq_entries ) __field( u32, cq_entries ) __field( u32, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fd = fd; __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->sq_entries = sq_entries; __entry->cq_entries = cq_entries; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d sq size %d, cq size %d, flags %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd, __entry->sq_entries, __entry->cq_entries, __entry->flags) ); /** * io_uring_register - called after a buffer/file/eventfd was succesfully * registered for a ring * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @opcode: describes which operation to perform * @nr_user_files: number of registered files * @nr_user_bufs: number of registered buffers * @cq_ev_fd: whether eventfs registered or not * @ret: return code * * Allows to trace fixed files/buffers/eventfds, that could be registered to * avoid an overhead of getting references to them for every operation. This * event, together with io_uring_file_get, can provide a full picture of how * much overhead one can reduce via fixing. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_register, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, unsigned opcode, unsigned nr_files, unsigned nr_bufs, bool eventfd, long ret), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, nr_files, nr_bufs, eventfd, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( unsigned, opcode ) __field( unsigned, nr_files ) __field( unsigned, nr_bufs ) __field( bool, eventfd ) __field( long, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->nr_files = nr_files; __entry->nr_bufs = nr_bufs; __entry->eventfd = eventfd; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ring %p, opcode %d, nr_user_files %d, nr_user_bufs %d, " "eventfd %d, ret %ld", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, __entry->nr_files, __entry->nr_bufs, __entry->eventfd, __entry->ret) ); /** * io_uring_file_get - called before getting references to an SQE file * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @fd: SQE file descriptor * * Allows to trace out how often an SQE file reference is obtained, which can * help figuring out if it makes sense to use fixed files, or check that fixed * files are used correctly. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_file_get, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int fd), TP_ARGS(ctx, fd), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, fd ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->fd = fd; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd) ); /** * io_uring_queue_async_work - called before submitting a new async work * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @hashed: type of workqueue, hashed or normal * @req: pointer to a submitted request * @work: pointer to a submitted io_wq_work * * Allows to trace asynchronous work submission. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_queue_async_work, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int rw, void * req, struct io_wq_work *work, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(ctx, rw, req, work, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, rw ) __field( void *, req ) __field( struct io_wq_work *, work ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->rw = rw; __entry->req = req; __entry->work = work; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p, flags %d, %s queue, work %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->flags, __entry->rw ? "hashed" : "normal", __entry->work) ); /** * io_uring_defer - called when an io_uring request is deferred * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a deferred request * @user_data: user data associated with the request * * Allows to track deferred requests, to get an insight about what requests are * not started immediately. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_defer, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, unsigned long long user_data), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, user_data), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( unsigned long long, data ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->data = user_data; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p user_data %llu", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->data) ); /** * io_uring_link - called before the io_uring request added into link_list of * another request * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a linked request * @target_req: pointer to a previous request, that would contain @req * * Allows to track linked requests, to understand dependencies between requests * and how does it influence their execution flow. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_link, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, void *target_req), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, target_req), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, target_req ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->target_req = target_req; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p linked after %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->target_req) ); /** * io_uring_cqring_wait - called before start waiting for an available CQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @min_events: minimal number of events to wait for * * Allows to track waiting for CQE, so that we can e.g. troubleshoot * situations, when an application wants to wait for an event, that never * comes. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_cqring_wait, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int min_events), TP_ARGS(ctx, min_events), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, min_events ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->min_events = min_events; ), TP_printk("ring %p, min_events %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->min_events) ); /** * io_uring_fail_link - called before failing a linked request * * @req: request, which links were cancelled * @link: cancelled link * * Allows to track linked requests cancellation, to see not only that some work * was cancelled, but also which request was the reason. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_fail_link, TP_PROTO(void *req, void *link), TP_ARGS(req, link), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, link ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->req = req; __entry->link = link; ), TP_printk("request %p, link %p", __entry->req, __entry->link) ); /** * io_uring_complete - called when completing an SQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @user_data: user data associated with the request * @res: result of the request * */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_complete, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u64 user_data, long res), TP_ARGS(ctx, user_data, res), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( long, res ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->res = res; ), TP_printk("ring %p, user_data 0x%llx, result %ld", __entry->ctx, (unsigned long long)__entry->user_data, __entry->res) ); /** * io_uring_submit_sqe - called before submitting one SQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @opcode: opcode of request * @user_data: user data associated with the request * @force_nonblock: whether a context blocking or not * @sq_thread: true if sq_thread has submitted this SQE * * Allows to track SQE submitting, to understand what was the source of it, SQ * thread or io_uring_enter call. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_submit_sqe, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, bool force_nonblock, bool sq_thread), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, force_nonblock, sq_thread), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( bool, force_nonblock ) __field( bool, sq_thread ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->force_nonblock = force_nonblock; __entry->sq_thread = sq_thread; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, non block %d, sq_thread %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->force_nonblock, __entry->sq_thread) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_poll_arm, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask, int events), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask, events), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) __field( int, events ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; __entry->events = events; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask 0x%x, events 0x%x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask, __entry->events) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_poll_wake, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask 0x%x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_task_add, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask %x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_task_run, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data) ); #endif /* _TRACE_IO_URING_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vmscan #if !defined(_TRACE_VMSCAN_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_VMSCAN_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> #define RECLAIM_WB_ANON 0x0001u #define RECLAIM_WB_FILE 0x0002u #define RECLAIM_WB_MIXED 0x0010u #define RECLAIM_WB_SYNC 0x0004u /* Unused, all reclaim async */ #define RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC 0x0008u #define RECLAIM_WB_LRU (RECLAIM_WB_ANON|RECLAIM_WB_FILE) #define show_reclaim_flags(flags) \ (flags) ? __print_flags(flags, "|", \ {RECLAIM_WB_ANON, "RECLAIM_WB_ANON"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_FILE, "RECLAIM_WB_FILE"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_MIXED, "RECLAIM_WB_MIXED"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_SYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_SYNC"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC"} \ ) : "RECLAIM_WB_NONE" #define trace_reclaim_flags(file) ( \ (file ? RECLAIM_WB_FILE : RECLAIM_WB_ANON) | \ (RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC) \ ) TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d", __entry->nid, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, nr_reclaimed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; ), TP_printk("nr_reclaimed=%lu", __entry->nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_start, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, struct shrink_control *sc, long nr_objects_to_shrink, unsigned long cache_items, unsigned long long delta, unsigned long total_scan, int priority), TP_ARGS(shr, sc, nr_objects_to_shrink, cache_items, delta, total_scan, priority), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(void *, shrink) __field(int, nid) __field(long, nr_objects_to_shrink) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) __field(unsigned long, cache_items) __field(unsigned long long, delta) __field(unsigned long, total_scan) __field(int, priority) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->nid = sc->nid; __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink = nr_objects_to_shrink; __entry->gfp_flags = sc->gfp_mask; __entry->cache_items = cache_items; __entry->delta = delta; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; __entry->priority = priority; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d objects to shrink %ld gfp_flags %s cache items %ld delta %lld total_scan %ld priority %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->cache_items, __entry->delta, __entry->total_scan, __entry->priority) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_end, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, int nid, int shrinker_retval, long unused_scan_cnt, long new_scan_cnt, long total_scan), TP_ARGS(shr, nid, shrinker_retval, unused_scan_cnt, new_scan_cnt, total_scan), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(int, nid) __field(void *, shrink) __field(long, unused_scan) __field(long, new_scan) __field(int, retval) __field(long, total_scan) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->nid = nid; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->unused_scan = unused_scan_cnt; __entry->new_scan = new_scan_cnt; __entry->retval = shrinker_retval; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d unused scan count %ld new scan count %ld total_scan %ld last shrinker return val %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->unused_scan, __entry->new_scan, __entry->total_scan, __entry->retval) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_isolate, TP_PROTO(int highest_zoneidx, int order, unsigned long nr_requested, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_skipped, unsigned long nr_taken, isolate_mode_t isolate_mode, int lru), TP_ARGS(highest_zoneidx, order, nr_requested, nr_scanned, nr_skipped, nr_taken, isolate_mode, lru), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, highest_zoneidx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned long, nr_requested) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_skipped) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(isolate_mode_t, isolate_mode) __field(int, lru) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; __entry->order = order; __entry->nr_requested = nr_requested; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_skipped = nr_skipped; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->isolate_mode = isolate_mode; __entry->lru = lru; ), /* * classzone is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("isolate_mode=%d classzone=%d order=%d nr_requested=%lu nr_scanned=%lu nr_skipped=%lu nr_taken=%lu lru=%s", __entry->isolate_mode, __entry->highest_zoneidx, __entry->order, __entry->nr_requested, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_skipped, __entry->nr_taken, __print_symbolic(__entry->lru, LRU_NAMES)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_writepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, pfn) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags( page_is_file_lru(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu flags=%s", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_reclaimed, struct reclaim_stat *stat, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_scanned, nr_reclaimed, stat, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_reclaimed) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, nr_congested) __field(unsigned long, nr_immediate) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate0) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate1) __field(unsigned long, nr_ref_keep) __field(unsigned long, nr_unmap_fail) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; __entry->nr_dirty = stat->nr_dirty; __entry->nr_writeback = stat->nr_writeback; __entry->nr_congested = stat->nr_congested; __entry->nr_immediate = stat->nr_immediate; __entry->nr_activate0 = stat->nr_activate[0]; __entry->nr_activate1 = stat->nr_activate[1]; __entry->nr_ref_keep = stat->nr_ref_keep; __entry->nr_unmap_fail = stat->nr_unmap_fail; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_scanned=%ld nr_reclaimed=%ld nr_dirty=%ld nr_writeback=%ld nr_congested=%ld nr_immediate=%ld nr_activate_anon=%d nr_activate_file=%d nr_ref_keep=%ld nr_unmap_fail=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_reclaimed, __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->nr_congested, __entry->nr_immediate, __entry->nr_activate0, __entry->nr_activate1, __entry->nr_ref_keep, __entry->nr_unmap_fail, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_active, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_taken, unsigned long nr_active, unsigned long nr_deactivated, unsigned long nr_referenced, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_taken, nr_active, nr_deactivated, nr_referenced, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(unsigned long, nr_active) __field(unsigned long, nr_deactivated) __field(unsigned long, nr_referenced) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->nr_active = nr_active; __entry->nr_deactivated = nr_deactivated; __entry->nr_referenced = nr_referenced; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_taken=%ld nr_active=%ld nr_deactivated=%ld nr_referenced=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_taken, __entry->nr_active, __entry->nr_deactivated, __entry->nr_referenced, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_inactive_list_is_low, TP_PROTO(int nid, int reclaim_idx, unsigned long total_inactive, unsigned long inactive, unsigned long total_active, unsigned long active, unsigned long ratio, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, reclaim_idx, total_inactive, inactive, total_active, active, ratio, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, reclaim_idx) __field(unsigned long, total_inactive) __field(unsigned long, inactive) __field(unsigned long, total_active) __field(unsigned long, active) __field(unsigned long, ratio) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->reclaim_idx = reclaim_idx; __entry->total_inactive = total_inactive; __entry->inactive = inactive; __entry->total_active = total_active; __entry->active = active; __entry->ratio = ratio; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file) & RECLAIM_WB_LRU; ), TP_printk("nid=%d reclaim_idx=%d total_inactive=%ld inactive=%ld total_active=%ld active=%ld ratio=%ld flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->reclaim_idx, __entry->total_inactive, __entry->inactive, __entry->total_active, __entry->active, __entry->ratio, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* _TRACE_VMSCAN_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/t10-pi.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <scsi/scsi_device.h> #include <scsi/scsi_request.h> struct Scsi_Host; struct scsi_driver; /* * MAX_COMMAND_SIZE is: * The longest fixed-length SCSI CDB as per the SCSI standard. * fixed-length means: commands that their size can be determined * by their opcode and the CDB does not carry a length specifier, (unlike * the VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD(0x7f) command). This is actually not exactly * true and the SCSI standard also defines extended commands and * vendor specific commands that can be bigger than 16 bytes. The kernel * will support these using the same infrastructure used for VARLEN CDB's. * So in effect MAX_COMMAND_SIZE means the maximum size command scsi-ml * supports without specifying a cmd_len by ULD's */ #define MAX_COMMAND_SIZE 16 #if (MAX_COMMAND_SIZE > BLK_MAX_CDB) # error MAX_COMMAND_SIZE can not be bigger than BLK_MAX_CDB #endif struct scsi_data_buffer { struct sg_table table; unsigned length; }; /* embedded in scsi_cmnd */ struct scsi_pointer { char *ptr; /* data pointer */ int this_residual; /* left in this buffer */ struct scatterlist *buffer; /* which buffer */ int buffers_residual; /* how many buffers left */ dma_addr_t dma_handle; volatile int Status; volatile int Message; volatile int have_data_in; volatile int sent_command; volatile int phase; }; /* for scmd->flags */ #define SCMD_TAGGED (1 << 0) #define SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA (1 << 1) #define SCMD_INITIALIZED (1 << 2) #define SCMD_LAST (1 << 3) /* flags preserved across unprep / reprep */ #define SCMD_PRESERVED_FLAGS (SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA | SCMD_INITIALIZED) /* for scmd->state */ #define SCMD_STATE_COMPLETE 0 #define SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT 1 struct scsi_cmnd { struct scsi_request req; struct scsi_device *device; struct list_head eh_entry; /* entry for the host eh_cmd_q */ struct delayed_work abort_work; struct rcu_head rcu; int eh_eflags; /* Used by error handlr */ /* * This is set to jiffies as it was when the command was first * allocated. It is used to time how long the command has * been outstanding */ unsigned long jiffies_at_alloc; int retries; int allowed; unsigned char prot_op; unsigned char prot_type; unsigned char prot_flags; unsigned short cmd_len; enum dma_data_direction sc_data_direction; /* These elements define the operation we are about to perform */ unsigned char *cmnd; /* These elements define the operation we ultimately want to perform */ struct scsi_data_buffer sdb; struct scsi_data_buffer *prot_sdb; unsigned underflow; /* Return error if less than this amount is transferred */ unsigned transfersize; /* How much we are guaranteed to transfer with each SCSI transfer (ie, between disconnect / reconnects. Probably == sector size */ struct request *request; /* The command we are working on */ unsigned char *sense_buffer; /* obtained by REQUEST SENSE when * CHECK CONDITION is received on original * command (auto-sense). Length must be * SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE bytes. */ /* Low-level done function - can be used by low-level driver to point * to completion function. Not used by mid/upper level code. */ void (*scsi_done) (struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * The following fields can be written to by the host specific code. * Everything else should be left alone. */ struct scsi_pointer SCp; /* Scratchpad used by some host adapters */ unsigned char *host_scribble; /* The host adapter is allowed to * call scsi_malloc and get some memory * and hang it here. The host adapter * is also expected to call scsi_free * to release this memory. (The memory * obtained by scsi_malloc is guaranteed * to be at an address < 16Mb). */ int result; /* Status code from lower level driver */ int flags; /* Command flags */ unsigned long state; /* Command completion state */ unsigned char tag; /* SCSI-II queued command tag */ unsigned int extra_len; /* length of alignment and padding */ }; /* * Return the driver private allocation behind the command. * Only works if cmd_size is set in the host template. */ static inline void *scsi_cmd_priv(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd + 1; } /* make sure not to use it with passthrough commands */ static inline struct scsi_driver *scsi_cmd_to_driver(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return *(struct scsi_driver **)cmd->request->rq_disk->private_data; } extern void scsi_finish_command(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern void *scsi_kmap_atomic_sg(struct scatterlist *sg, int sg_count, size_t *offset, size_t *len); extern void scsi_kunmap_atomic_sg(void *virt); blk_status_t scsi_alloc_sgtables(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); void scsi_free_sgtables(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #ifdef CONFIG_SCSI_DMA extern int scsi_dma_map(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern void scsi_dma_unmap(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #else /* !CONFIG_SCSI_DMA */ static inline int scsi_dma_map(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void scsi_dma_unmap(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_SCSI_DMA */ static inline unsigned scsi_sg_count(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.table.nents; } static inline struct scatterlist *scsi_sglist(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.table.sgl; } static inline unsigned scsi_bufflen(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.length; } static inline void scsi_set_resid(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, unsigned int resid) { cmd->req.resid_len = resid; } static inline unsigned int scsi_get_resid(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->req.resid_len; } #define scsi_for_each_sg(cmd, sg, nseg, __i) \ for_each_sg(scsi_sglist(cmd), sg, nseg, __i) static inline int scsi_sg_copy_from_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, void *buf, int buflen) { return sg_copy_from_buffer(scsi_sglist(cmd), scsi_sg_count(cmd), buf, buflen); } static inline int scsi_sg_copy_to_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, void *buf, int buflen) { return sg_copy_to_buffer(scsi_sglist(cmd), scsi_sg_count(cmd), buf, buflen); } /* * The operations below are hints that tell the controller driver how * to handle I/Os with DIF or similar types of protection information. */ enum scsi_prot_operations { /* Normal I/O */ SCSI_PROT_NORMAL = 0, /* OS-HBA: Protected, HBA-Target: Unprotected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_INSERT, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_STRIP, /* OS-HBA: Unprotected, HBA-Target: Protected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_STRIP, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_INSERT, /* OS-HBA: Protected, HBA-Target: Protected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_PASS, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_PASS, }; static inline void scsi_set_prot_op(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd, unsigned char op) { scmd->prot_op = op; } static inline unsigned char scsi_get_prot_op(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->prot_op; } enum scsi_prot_flags { SCSI_PROT_TRANSFER_PI = 1 << 0, SCSI_PROT_GUARD_CHECK = 1 << 1, SCSI_PROT_REF_CHECK = 1 << 2, SCSI_PROT_REF_INCREMENT = 1 << 3, SCSI_PROT_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 4, }; /* * The controller usually does not know anything about the target it * is communicating with. However, when DIX is enabled the controller * must be know target type so it can verify the protection * information passed along with the I/O. */ enum scsi_prot_target_type { SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE0 = 0, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE1, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE2, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE3, }; static inline void scsi_set_prot_type(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd, unsigned char type) { scmd->prot_type = type; } static inline unsigned char scsi_get_prot_type(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->prot_type; } static inline sector_t scsi_get_lba(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return blk_rq_pos(scmd->request); } static inline unsigned int scsi_prot_interval(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->device->sector_size; } static inline unsigned scsi_prot_sg_count(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb ? cmd->prot_sdb->table.nents : 0; } static inline struct scatterlist *scsi_prot_sglist(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb ? cmd->prot_sdb->table.sgl : NULL; } static inline struct scsi_data_buffer *scsi_prot(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb; } #define scsi_for_each_prot_sg(cmd, sg, nseg, __i) \ for_each_sg(scsi_prot_sglist(cmd), sg, nseg, __i) static inline void set_msg_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0xffff00ff) | (status << 8); } static inline void set_host_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0xff00ffff) | (status << 16); } static inline void set_driver_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0x00ffffff) | (status << 24); } static inline unsigned scsi_transfer_length(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { unsigned int xfer_len = scmd->sdb.length; unsigned int prot_interval = scsi_prot_interval(scmd); if (scmd->prot_flags & SCSI_PROT_TRANSFER_PI) xfer_len += (xfer_len >> ilog2(prot_interval)) * 8; return xfer_len; } #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H #include <linux/const.h> #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <asm/page_types.h> #define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS 0UL #define _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT 0 /* is present */ #define _PAGE_BIT_RW 1 /* writeable */ #define _PAGE_BIT_USER 2 /* userspace addressable */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PWT 3 /* page write through */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PCD 4 /* page cache disabled */ #define _PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED 5 /* was accessed (raised by CPU) */ #define _PAGE_BIT_DIRTY 6 /* was written to (raised by CPU) */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PSE 7 /* 4 MB (or 2MB) page */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PAT 7 /* on 4KB pages */ #define _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL 8 /* Global TLB entry PPro+ */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 9 /* available for programmer */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2 10 /* " */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3 11 /* " */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE 12 /* On 2MB or 1GB pages */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW4 58 /* available for programmer */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0 59 /* Protection Keys, bit 1/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT1 60 /* Protection Keys, bit 2/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT2 61 /* Protection Keys, bit 3/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT3 62 /* Protection Keys, bit 4/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_NX 63 /* No execute: only valid after cpuid check */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SPECIAL _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 #define _PAGE_BIT_CPA_TEST _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 #define _PAGE_BIT_UFFD_WP _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2 /* userfaultfd wrprotected */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFT_DIRTY _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3 /* software dirty tracking */ #define _PAGE_BIT_DEVMAP _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW4 /* If _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT is clear, we use these: */ /* - if the user mapped it with PROT_NONE; pte_present gives true */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL #define _PAGE_PRESENT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT) #define _PAGE_RW (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_RW) #define _PAGE_USER (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_USER) #define _PAGE_PWT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PWT) #define _PAGE_PCD (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PCD) #define _PAGE_ACCESSED (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED) #define _PAGE_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_DIRTY) #define _PAGE_PSE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PSE) #define _PAGE_GLOBAL (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL) #define _PAGE_SOFTW1 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1) #define _PAGE_SOFTW2 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2) #define _PAGE_SOFTW3 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3) #define _PAGE_PAT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT) #define _PAGE_PAT_LARGE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE) #define _PAGE_SPECIAL (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SPECIAL) #define _PAGE_CPA_TEST (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_CPA_TEST) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT1) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT2) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT3) #else #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #define _PAGE_PKEY_MASK (_PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3) #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) #define _PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK (_PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_ACCESSED) #else #define _PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY #define _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFT_DIRTY) #else #define _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif /* * Tracking soft dirty bit when a page goes to a swap is tricky. * We need a bit which can be stored in pte _and_ not conflict * with swap entry format. On x86 bits 1-4 are *not* involved * into swap entry computation, but bit 7 is used for thp migration, * so we borrow bit 1 for soft dirty tracking. * * Please note that this bit must be treated as swap dirty page * mark if and only if the PTE/PMD has present bit clear! */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY #define _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY _PAGE_RW #else #define _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP #define _PAGE_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_UFFD_WP) #define _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP _PAGE_USER #else #define _PAGE_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) #define _PAGE_NX (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_NX) #define _PAGE_DEVMAP (_AT(u64, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_DEVMAP) #else #define _PAGE_NX (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_DEVMAP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #define _PAGE_PROTNONE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE) /* * Set of bits not changed in pte_modify. The pte's * protection key is treated like _PAGE_RW, for * instance, and is *not* included in this mask since * pte_modify() does modify it. */ #define _PAGE_CHG_MASK (PTE_PFN_MASK | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PWT | \ _PAGE_SPECIAL | _PAGE_ACCESSED | _PAGE_DIRTY | \ _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY | _PAGE_DEVMAP | _PAGE_ENC | \ _PAGE_UFFD_WP) #define _HPAGE_CHG_MASK (_PAGE_CHG_MASK | _PAGE_PSE) /* * The cache modes defined here are used to translate between pure SW usage * and the HW defined cache mode bits and/or PAT entries. * * The resulting bits for PWT, PCD and PAT should be chosen in a way * to have the WB mode at index 0 (all bits clear). This is the default * right now and likely would break too much if changed. */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ enum page_cache_mode { _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB = 0, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC = 1, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS = 2, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC = 3, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT = 4, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WP = 5, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_NUM = 8 }; #endif #define _PAGE_ENC (_AT(pteval_t, sme_me_mask)) #define _PAGE_CACHE_MASK (_PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PAT) #define _PAGE_LARGE_CACHE_MASK (_PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PAT_LARGE) #define _PAGE_NOCACHE (cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC)) #define _PAGE_CACHE_WP (cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WP)) #define __PP _PAGE_PRESENT #define __RW _PAGE_RW #define _USR _PAGE_USER #define ___A _PAGE_ACCESSED #define ___D _PAGE_DIRTY #define ___G _PAGE_GLOBAL #define __NX _PAGE_NX #define _ENC _PAGE_ENC #define __WP _PAGE_CACHE_WP #define __NC _PAGE_NOCACHE #define _PSE _PAGE_PSE #define pgprot_val(x) ((x).pgprot) #define __pgprot(x) ((pgprot_t) { (x) } ) #define __pg(x) __pgprot(x) #define _PAGE_PAT_LARGE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE) #define PAGE_NONE __pg( 0| 0| 0|___A| 0| 0| 0|___G) #define PAGE_SHARED __pg(__PP|__RW|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_SHARED_EXEC __pg(__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY_NOEXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY_EXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_READONLY __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_READONLY_EXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define __PAGE_KERNEL (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0|___G) #define _KERNPG_TABLE_NOENC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0) #define _KERNPG_TABLE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0| _ENC) #define _PAGE_TABLE_NOENC (__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0) #define _PAGE_TABLE (__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0| _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_RO (__PP| 0| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ROX (__PP| 0| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G| __NC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR (__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D|_PSE|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D|_PSE|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_WP (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G| __WP) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IO __PAGE_KERNEL #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC (__PAGE_KERNEL | _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC_WP (__PAGE_KERNEL_WP | _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC (__PAGE_KERNEL | 0) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC_WP (__PAGE_KERNEL_WP | 0) #define __pgprot_mask(x) __pgprot((x) & __default_kernel_pte_mask) #define PAGE_KERNEL __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL | 0) #define PAGE_KERNEL_RO __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_RO | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC_NOENC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC | 0) #define PAGE_KERNEL_ROX __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_ROX | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_IO __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_IO) #define PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE) #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ /* xwr */ #define __P000 PAGE_NONE #define __P001 PAGE_READONLY #define __P010 PAGE_COPY #define __P011 PAGE_COPY #define __P100 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __P101 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __P110 PAGE_COPY_EXEC #define __P111 PAGE_COPY_EXEC #define __S000 PAGE_NONE #define __S001 PAGE_READONLY #define __S010 PAGE_SHARED #define __S011 PAGE_SHARED #define __S100 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __S101 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __S110 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC #define __S111 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC /* * early identity mapping pte attrib macros. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IDENT_LARGE_EXEC __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC #else #define PTE_IDENT_ATTR 0x003 /* PRESENT+RW */ #define PDE_IDENT_ATTR 0x063 /* PRESENT+RW+DIRTY+ACCESSED */ #define PGD_IDENT_ATTR 0x001 /* PRESENT (no other attributes) */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32_types.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/types.h> /* Extracts the PFN from a (pte|pmd|pud|pgd)val_t of a 4KB page */ #define PTE_PFN_MASK ((pteval_t)PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK) /* * Extracts the flags from a (pte|pmd|pud|pgd)val_t * This includes the protection key value. */ #define PTE_FLAGS_MASK (~PTE_PFN_MASK) typedef struct pgprot { pgprotval_t pgprot; } pgprot_t; typedef struct { pgdval_t pgd; } pgd_t; static inline pgprot_t pgprot_nx(pgprot_t prot) { return __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | _PAGE_NX); } #define pgprot_nx pgprot_nx #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE /* * PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK might be non-constant when SME is compiled in, so we can't * use it here. */ #define PGD_PAE_PAGE_MASK ((signed long)PAGE_MASK) #define PGD_PAE_PHYS_MASK (((1ULL << __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT)-1) & PGD_PAE_PAGE_MASK) /* * PAE allows Base Address, P, PWT, PCD and AVL bits to be set in PGD entries. * All other bits are Reserved MBZ */ #define PGD_ALLOWED_BITS (PGD_PAE_PHYS_MASK | _PAGE_PRESENT | \ _PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | \ _PAGE_SOFTW1 | _PAGE_SOFTW2 | _PAGE_SOFTW3) #else /* No need to mask any bits for !PAE */ #define PGD_ALLOWED_BITS (~0ULL) #endif static inline pgd_t native_make_pgd(pgdval_t val) { return (pgd_t) { val & PGD_ALLOWED_BITS }; } static inline pgdval_t native_pgd_val(pgd_t pgd) { return pgd.pgd & PGD_ALLOWED_BITS; } static inline pgdval_t pgd_flags(pgd_t pgd) { return native_pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_FLAGS_MASK; } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 typedef struct { p4dval_t p4d; } p4d_t; static inline p4d_t native_make_p4d(pudval_t val) { return (p4d_t) { val }; } static inline p4dval_t native_p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d.p4d; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d.h> static inline p4d_t native_make_p4d(pudval_t val) { return (p4d_t) { .pgd = native_make_pgd((pgdval_t)val) }; } static inline p4dval_t native_p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return native_pgd_val(p4d.pgd); } #endif #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 typedef struct { pudval_t pud; } pud_t; static inline pud_t native_make_pud(pmdval_t val) { return (pud_t) { val }; } static inline pudval_t native_pud_val(pud_t pud) { return pud.pud; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopud.h> static inline pud_t native_make_pud(pudval_t val) { return (pud_t) { .p4d.pgd = native_make_pgd(val) }; } static inline pudval_t native_pud_val(pud_t pud) { return native_pgd_val(pud.p4d.pgd); } #endif #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 typedef struct { pmdval_t pmd; } pmd_t; static inline pmd_t native_make_pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { val }; } static inline pmdval_t native_pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd.pmd; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopmd.h> static inline pmd_t native_make_pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { .pud.p4d.pgd = native_make_pgd(val) }; } static inline pmdval_t native_pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return native_pgd_val(pmd.pud.p4d.pgd); } #endif static inline p4dval_t p4d_pfn_mask(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB huge pages yet */ return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline p4dval_t p4d_flags_mask(p4d_t p4d) { return ~p4d_pfn_mask(p4d); } static inline p4dval_t p4d_flags(p4d_t p4d) { return native_p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_flags_mask(p4d); } static inline pudval_t pud_pfn_mask(pud_t pud) { if (native_pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_PSE) return PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; else return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline pudval_t pud_flags_mask(pud_t pud) { return ~pud_pfn_mask(pud); } static inline pudval_t pud_flags(pud_t pud) { return native_pud_val(pud) & pud_flags_mask(pud); } static inline pmdval_t pmd_pfn_mask(pmd_t pmd) { if (native_pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_PSE) return PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; else return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline pmdval_t pmd_flags_mask(pmd_t pmd) { return ~pmd_pfn_mask(pmd); } static inline pmdval_t pmd_flags(pmd_t pmd) { return native_pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_flags_mask(pmd); } static inline pte_t native_make_pte(pteval_t val) { return (pte_