4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_DST_OPS_H #define _NET_DST_OPS_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/cache.h> struct dst_entry; struct kmem_cachep; struct net_device; struct sk_buff; struct sock; struct net; struct dst_ops { unsigned short family; unsigned int gc_thresh; int (*gc)(struct dst_ops *ops); struct dst_entry * (*check)(struct dst_entry *, __u32 cookie); unsigned int (*default_advmss)(const struct dst_entry *); unsigned int (*mtu)(const struct dst_entry *); u32 * (*cow_metrics)(struct dst_entry *, unsigned long); void (*destroy)(struct dst_entry *); void (*ifdown)(struct dst_entry *, struct net_device *dev, int how); struct dst_entry * (*negative_advice)(struct dst_entry *); void (*link_failure)(struct sk_buff *); void (*update_pmtu)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void (*redirect)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*local_out)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct neighbour * (*neigh_lookup)(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); void (*confirm_neigh)(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cachep; struct percpu_counter pcpuc_entries ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; static inline int dst_entries_get_fast(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } static inline int dst_entries_get_slow(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #define DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH 32 static inline void dst_entries_add(struct dst_ops *dst, int val) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&dst->pcpuc_entries, val, DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH); } static inline int dst_entries_init(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_init(&dst->pcpuc_entries, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } static inline void dst_entries_destroy(struct dst_ops *dst) { percpu_counter_destroy(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #endif
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3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Multicast support for IPv6 * Linux INET6 implementation * * Authors: * Pedro Roque <roque@di.fc.ul.pt> * * Based on linux/ipv4/igmp.c and linux/ipv4/ip_sockglue.c */ /* Changes: * * yoshfuji : fix format of router-alert option * YOSHIFUJI Hideaki @USAGI: * Fixed source address for MLD message based on * <draft-ietf-magma-mld-source-05.txt>. * YOSHIFUJI Hideaki @USAGI: * - Ignore Queries for invalid addresses. * - MLD for link-local addresses. * David L Stevens <dlstevens@us.ibm.com>: * - MLDv2 support */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/sockios.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/times.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/route.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/mld.h> #include <linux/netfilter.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv6.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <net/if_inet6.h> #include <net/ndisc.h> #include <net/addrconf.h> #include <net/ip6_route.h> #include <net/inet_common.h> #include <net/ip6_checksum.h> /* Ensure that we have struct in6_addr aligned on 32bit word. */ static int __mld2_query_bugs[] __attribute__((__unused__)) = { BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(offsetof(struct mld2_query, mld2q_srcs) % 4), BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(offsetof(struct mld2_report, mld2r_grec) % 4), BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(offsetof(struct mld2_grec, grec_mca) % 4) }; static struct in6_addr mld2_all_mcr = MLD2_ALL_MCR_INIT; static void igmp6_join_group(struct ifmcaddr6 *ma); static void igmp6_leave_group(struct ifmcaddr6 *ma); static void igmp6_timer_handler(struct timer_list *t); static void mld_gq_timer_expire(struct timer_list *t); static void mld_ifc_timer_expire(struct timer_list *t); static void mld_ifc_event(struct inet6_dev *idev); static void mld_add_delrec(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc); static void mld_del_delrec(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc); static void mld_clear_delrec(struct inet6_dev *idev); static bool mld_in_v1_mode(const struct inet6_dev *idev); static int sf_setstate(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc); static void sf_markstate(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc); static void ip6_mc_clear_src(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc); static int ip6_mc_del_src(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *pmca, int sfmode, int sfcount, const struct in6_addr *psfsrc, int delta); static int ip6_mc_add_src(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *pmca, int sfmode, int sfcount, const struct in6_addr *psfsrc, int delta); static int ip6_mc_leave_src(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_mc_socklist *iml, struct inet6_dev *idev); static int __ipv6_dev_mc_inc(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode); #define MLD_QRV_DEFAULT 2 /* RFC3810, 9.2. Query Interval */ #define MLD_QI_DEFAULT (125 * HZ) /* RFC3810, 9.3. Query Response Interval */ #define MLD_QRI_DEFAULT (10 * HZ) /* RFC3810, 8.1 Query Version Distinctions */ #define MLD_V1_QUERY_LEN 24 #define MLD_V2_QUERY_LEN_MIN 28 #define IPV6_MLD_MAX_MSF 64 int sysctl_mld_max_msf __read_mostly = IPV6_MLD_MAX_MSF; int sysctl_mld_qrv __read_mostly = MLD_QRV_DEFAULT; /* * socket join on multicast group */ #define for_each_pmc_rcu(np, pmc) \ for (pmc = rcu_dereference(np->ipv6_mc_list); \ pmc != NULL; \ pmc = rcu_dereference(pmc->next)) static int unsolicited_report_interval(struct inet6_dev *idev) { int iv; if (mld_in_v1_mode(idev)) iv = idev->cnf.mldv1_unsolicited_report_interval; else iv = idev->cnf.mldv2_unsolicited_report_interval; return iv > 0 ? iv : 1; } static int __ipv6_sock_mc_join(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode) { struct net_device *dev = NULL; struct ipv6_mc_socklist *mc_lst; struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); struct net *net = sock_net(sk); int err; ASSERT_RTNL(); if (!ipv6_addr_is_multicast(addr)) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); for_each_pmc_rcu(np, mc_lst) { if ((ifindex == 0 || mc_lst->ifindex == ifindex) && ipv6_addr_equal(&mc_lst->addr, addr)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -EADDRINUSE; } } rcu_read_unlock(); mc_lst = sock_kmalloc(sk, sizeof(struct ipv6_mc_socklist), GFP_KERNEL); if (!mc_lst) return -ENOMEM; mc_lst->next = NULL; mc_lst->addr = *addr; if (ifindex == 0) { struct rt6_info *rt; rt = rt6_lookup(net, addr, NULL, 0, NULL, 0); if (rt) { dev = rt->dst.dev; ip6_rt_put(rt); } } else dev = __dev_get_by_index(net, ifindex); if (!dev) { sock_kfree_s(sk, mc_lst, sizeof(*mc_lst)); return -ENODEV; } mc_lst->ifindex = dev->ifindex; mc_lst->sfmode = mode; rwlock_init(&mc_lst->sflock); mc_lst->sflist = NULL; /* * now add/increase the group membership on the device */ err = __ipv6_dev_mc_inc(dev, addr, mode); if (err) { sock_kfree_s(sk, mc_lst, sizeof(*mc_lst)); return err; } mc_lst->next = np->ipv6_mc_list; rcu_assign_pointer(np->ipv6_mc_list, mc_lst); return 0; } int ipv6_sock_mc_join(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_sock_mc_join(sk, ifindex, addr, MCAST_EXCLUDE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipv6_sock_mc_join); int ipv6_sock_mc_join_ssm(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode) { return __ipv6_sock_mc_join(sk, ifindex, addr, mode); } /* * socket leave on multicast group */ int ipv6_sock_mc_drop(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); struct ipv6_mc_socklist *mc_lst; struct ipv6_mc_socklist __rcu **lnk; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); ASSERT_RTNL(); if (!ipv6_addr_is_multicast(addr)) return -EINVAL; for (lnk = &np->ipv6_mc_list; (mc_lst = rtnl_dereference(*lnk)) != NULL; lnk = &mc_lst->next) { if ((ifindex == 0 || mc_lst->ifindex == ifindex) && ipv6_addr_equal(&mc_lst->addr, addr)) { struct net_device *dev; *lnk = mc_lst->next; dev = __dev_get_by_index(net, mc_lst->ifindex); if (dev) { struct inet6_dev *idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); (void) ip6_mc_leave_src(sk, mc_lst, idev); if (idev) __ipv6_dev_mc_dec(idev, &mc_lst->addr); } else (void) ip6_mc_leave_src(sk, mc_lst, NULL); atomic_sub(sizeof(*mc_lst), &sk->sk_omem_alloc); kfree_rcu(mc_lst, rcu); return 0; } } return -EADDRNOTAVAIL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipv6_sock_mc_drop); /* called with rcu_read_lock() */ static struct inet6_dev *ip6_mc_find_dev_rcu(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *group, int ifindex) { struct net_device *dev = NULL; struct inet6_dev *idev = NULL; if (ifindex == 0) { struct rt6_info *rt = rt6_lookup(net, group, NULL, 0, NULL, 0); if (rt) { dev = rt->dst.dev; ip6_rt_put(rt); } } else dev = dev_get_by_index_rcu(net, ifindex); if (!dev) return NULL; idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); if (!idev) return NULL; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); if (idev->dead) { read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return NULL; } return idev; } void __ipv6_sock_mc_close(struct sock *sk) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); struct ipv6_mc_socklist *mc_lst; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); ASSERT_RTNL(); while ((mc_lst = rtnl_dereference(np->ipv6_mc_list)) != NULL) { struct net_device *dev; np->ipv6_mc_list = mc_lst->next; dev = __dev_get_by_index(net, mc_lst->ifindex); if (dev) { struct inet6_dev *idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); (void) ip6_mc_leave_src(sk, mc_lst, idev); if (idev) __ipv6_dev_mc_dec(idev, &mc_lst->addr); } else (void) ip6_mc_leave_src(sk, mc_lst, NULL); atomic_sub(sizeof(*mc_lst), &sk->sk_omem_alloc); kfree_rcu(mc_lst, rcu); } } void ipv6_sock_mc_close(struct sock *sk) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); if (!rcu_access_pointer(np->ipv6_mc_list)) return; rtnl_lock(); __ipv6_sock_mc_close(sk); rtnl_unlock(); } int ip6_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk, struct group_source_req *pgsr) { struct in6_addr *source, *group; struct ipv6_mc_socklist *pmc; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ipv6_pinfo *inet6 = inet6_sk(sk); struct ip6_sf_socklist *psl; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); int i, j, rv; int leavegroup = 0; int pmclocked = 0; int err; source = &((struct sockaddr_in6 *)&pgsr->gsr_source)->sin6_addr; group = &((struct sockaddr_in6 *)&pgsr->gsr_group)->sin6_addr; if (!ipv6_addr_is_multicast(group)) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); idev = ip6_mc_find_dev_rcu(net, group, pgsr->gsr_interface); if (!idev) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -ENODEV; } err = -EADDRNOTAVAIL; for_each_pmc_rcu(inet6, pmc) { if (pgsr->gsr_interface && pmc->ifindex != pgsr->gsr_interface) continue; if (ipv6_addr_equal(&pmc->addr, group)) break; } if (!pmc) { /* must have a prior join */ err = -EINVAL; goto done; } /* if a source filter was set, must be the same mode as before */ if (pmc->sflist) { if (pmc->sfmode != omode) { err = -EINVAL; goto done; } } else if (pmc->sfmode != omode) { /* allow mode switches for empty-set filters */ ip6_mc_add_src(idev, group, omode, 0, NULL, 0); ip6_mc_del_src(idev, group, pmc->sfmode, 0, NULL, 0); pmc->sfmode = omode; } write_lock(&pmc->sflock); pmclocked = 1; psl = pmc->sflist; if (!add) { if (!psl) goto done; /* err = -EADDRNOTAVAIL */ rv = !0; for (i = 0; i < psl->sl_count; i++) { rv = !ipv6_addr_equal(&psl->sl_addr[i], source); if (rv == 0) break; } if (rv) /* source not found */ goto done; /* err = -EADDRNOTAVAIL */ /* special case - (INCLUDE, empty) == LEAVE_GROUP */ if (psl->sl_count == 1 && omode == MCAST_INCLUDE) { leavegroup = 1; goto done; } /* update the interface filter */ ip6_mc_del_src(idev, group, omode, 1, source, 1); for (j = i+1; j < psl->sl_count; j++) psl->sl_addr[j-1] = psl->sl_addr[j]; psl->sl_count--; err = 0; goto done; } /* else, add a new source to the filter */ if (psl && psl->sl_count >= sysctl_mld_max_msf) { err = -ENOBUFS; goto done; } if (!psl || psl->sl_count == psl->sl_max) { struct ip6_sf_socklist *newpsl; int count = IP6_SFBLOCK; if (psl) count += psl->sl_max; newpsl = sock_kmalloc(sk, IP6_SFLSIZE(count), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!newpsl) { err = -ENOBUFS; goto done; } newpsl->sl_max = count; newpsl->sl_count = count - IP6_SFBLOCK; if (psl) { for (i = 0; i < psl->sl_count; i++) newpsl->sl_addr[i] = psl->sl_addr[i]; sock_kfree_s(sk, psl, IP6_SFLSIZE(psl->sl_max)); } pmc->sflist = psl = newpsl; } rv = 1; /* > 0 for insert logic below if sl_count is 0 */ for (i = 0; i < psl->sl_count; i++) { rv = !ipv6_addr_equal(&psl->sl_addr[i], source); if (rv == 0) /* There is an error in the address. */ goto done; } for (j = psl->sl_count-1; j >= i; j--) psl->sl_addr[j+1] = psl->sl_addr[j]; psl->sl_addr[i] = *source; psl->sl_count++; err = 0; /* update the interface list */ ip6_mc_add_src(idev, group, omode, 1, source, 1); done: if (pmclocked) write_unlock(&pmc->sflock); read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); if (leavegroup) err = ipv6_sock_mc_drop(sk, pgsr->gsr_interface, group); return err; } int ip6_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage *list) { const struct in6_addr *group; struct ipv6_mc_socklist *pmc; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ipv6_pinfo *inet6 = inet6_sk(sk); struct ip6_sf_socklist *newpsl, *psl; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); int leavegroup = 0; int i, err; group = &((struct sockaddr_in6 *)&gsf->gf_group)->sin6_addr; if (!ipv6_addr_is_multicast(group)) return -EINVAL; if (gsf->gf_fmode != MCAST_INCLUDE && gsf->gf_fmode != MCAST_EXCLUDE) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); idev = ip6_mc_find_dev_rcu(net, group, gsf->gf_interface); if (!idev) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -ENODEV; } err = 0; if (gsf->gf_fmode == MCAST_INCLUDE && gsf->gf_numsrc == 0) { leavegroup = 1; goto done; } for_each_pmc_rcu(inet6, pmc) { if (pmc->ifindex != gsf->gf_interface) continue; if (ipv6_addr_equal(&pmc->addr, group)) break; } if (!pmc) { /* must have a prior join */ err = -EINVAL; goto done; } if (gsf->gf_numsrc) { newpsl = sock_kmalloc(sk, IP6_SFLSIZE(gsf->gf_numsrc), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!newpsl) { err = -ENOBUFS; goto done; } newpsl->sl_max = newpsl->sl_count = gsf->gf_numsrc; for (i = 0; i < newpsl->sl_count; ++i, ++list) { struct sockaddr_in6 *psin6; psin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)list; newpsl->sl_addr[i] = psin6->sin6_addr; } err = ip6_mc_add_src(idev, group, gsf->gf_fmode, newpsl->sl_count, newpsl->sl_addr, 0); if (err) { sock_kfree_s(sk, newpsl, IP6_SFLSIZE(newpsl->sl_max)); goto done; } } else { newpsl = NULL; (void) ip6_mc_add_src(idev, group, gsf->gf_fmode, 0, NULL, 0); } write_lock(&pmc->sflock); psl = pmc->sflist; if (psl) { (void) ip6_mc_del_src(idev, group, pmc->sfmode, psl->sl_count, psl->sl_addr, 0); sock_kfree_s(sk, psl, IP6_SFLSIZE(psl->sl_max)); } else (void) ip6_mc_del_src(idev, group, pmc->sfmode, 0, NULL, 0); pmc->sflist = newpsl; pmc->sfmode = gsf->gf_fmode; write_unlock(&pmc->sflock); err = 0; done: read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); if (leavegroup) err = ipv6_sock_mc_drop(sk, gsf->gf_interface, group); return err; } int ip6_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage *p) { int err, i, count, copycount; const struct in6_addr *group; struct ipv6_mc_socklist *pmc; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ipv6_pinfo *inet6 = inet6_sk(sk); struct ip6_sf_socklist *psl; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); group = &((struct sockaddr_in6 *)&gsf->gf_group)->sin6_addr; if (!ipv6_addr_is_multicast(group)) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); idev = ip6_mc_find_dev_rcu(net, group, gsf->gf_interface); if (!idev) { rcu_read_unlock(); return -ENODEV; } err = -EADDRNOTAVAIL; /* changes to the ipv6_mc_list require the socket lock and * rtnl lock. We have the socket lock and rcu read lock, * so reading the list is safe. */ for_each_pmc_rcu(inet6, pmc) { if (pmc->ifindex != gsf->gf_interface) continue; if (ipv6_addr_equal(group, &pmc->addr)) break; } if (!pmc) /* must have a prior join */ goto done; gsf->gf_fmode = pmc->sfmode; psl = pmc->sflist; count = psl ? psl->sl_count : 0; read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); copycount = count < gsf->gf_numsrc ? count : gsf->gf_numsrc; gsf->gf_numsrc = count; /* changes to psl require the socket lock, and a write lock * on pmc->sflock. We have the socket lock so reading here is safe. */ for (i = 0; i < copycount; i++, p++) { struct sockaddr_in6 *psin6; struct sockaddr_storage ss; psin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)&ss; memset(&ss, 0, sizeof(ss)); psin6->sin6_family = AF_INET6; psin6->sin6_addr = psl->sl_addr[i]; if (copy_to_user(p, &ss, sizeof(ss))) return -EFAULT; } return 0; done: read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } bool inet6_mc_check(struct sock *sk, const struct in6_addr *mc_addr, const struct in6_addr *src_addr) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); struct ipv6_mc_socklist *mc; struct ip6_sf_socklist *psl; bool rv = true; rcu_read_lock(); for_each_pmc_rcu(np, mc) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&mc->addr, mc_addr)) break; } if (!mc) { rcu_read_unlock(); return np->mc_all; } read_lock(&mc->sflock); psl = mc->sflist; if (!psl) { rv = mc->sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE; } else { int i; for (i = 0; i < psl->sl_count; i++) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&psl->sl_addr[i], src_addr)) break; } if (mc->sfmode == MCAST_INCLUDE && i >= psl->sl_count) rv = false; if (mc->sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE && i < psl->sl_count) rv = false; } read_unlock(&mc->sflock); rcu_read_unlock(); return rv; } static void igmp6_group_added(struct ifmcaddr6 *mc) { struct net_device *dev = mc->idev->dev; char buf[MAX_ADDR_LEN]; if (IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(&mc->mca_addr) < IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL) return; spin_lock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); if (!(mc->mca_flags&MAF_LOADED)) { mc->mca_flags |= MAF_LOADED; if (ndisc_mc_map(&mc->mca_addr, buf, dev, 0) == 0) dev_mc_add(dev, buf); } spin_unlock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); if (!(dev->flags & IFF_UP) || (mc->mca_flags & MAF_NOREPORT)) return; if (mld_in_v1_mode(mc->idev)) { igmp6_join_group(mc); return; } /* else v2 */ /* Based on RFC3810 6.1, for newly added INCLUDE SSM, we * should not send filter-mode change record as the mode * should be from IN() to IN(A). */ if (mc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE) mc->mca_crcount = mc->idev->mc_qrv; mld_ifc_event(mc->idev); } static void igmp6_group_dropped(struct ifmcaddr6 *mc) { struct net_device *dev = mc->idev->dev; char buf[MAX_ADDR_LEN]; if (IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(&mc->mca_addr) < IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL) return; spin_lock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); if (mc->mca_flags&MAF_LOADED) { mc->mca_flags &= ~MAF_LOADED; if (ndisc_mc_map(&mc->mca_addr, buf, dev, 0) == 0) dev_mc_del(dev, buf); } spin_unlock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); if (mc->mca_flags & MAF_NOREPORT) return; if (!mc->idev->dead) igmp6_leave_group(mc); spin_lock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); if (del_timer(&mc->mca_timer)) refcount_dec(&mc->mca_refcnt); spin_unlock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); } /* * deleted ifmcaddr6 manipulation */ static void mld_add_delrec(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct ifmcaddr6 *im) { struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc; /* this is an "ifmcaddr6" for convenience; only the fields below * are actually used. In particular, the refcnt and users are not * used for management of the delete list. Using the same structure * for deleted items allows change reports to use common code with * non-deleted or query-response MCA's. */ pmc = kzalloc(sizeof(*pmc), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!pmc) return; spin_lock_bh(&im->mca_lock); spin_lock_init(&pmc->mca_lock); pmc->idev = im->idev; in6_dev_hold(idev); pmc->mca_addr = im->mca_addr; pmc->mca_crcount = idev->mc_qrv; pmc->mca_sfmode = im->mca_sfmode; if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_INCLUDE) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; pmc->mca_tomb = im->mca_tomb; pmc->mca_sources = im->mca_sources; im->mca_tomb = im->mca_sources = NULL; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) psf->sf_crcount = pmc->mca_crcount; } spin_unlock_bh(&im->mca_lock); spin_lock_bh(&idev->mc_lock); pmc->next = idev->mc_tomb; idev->mc_tomb = pmc; spin_unlock_bh(&idev->mc_lock); } static void mld_del_delrec(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct ifmcaddr6 *im) { struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, *pmc_prev; struct ip6_sf_list *psf; struct in6_addr *pmca = &im->mca_addr; spin_lock_bh(&idev->mc_lock); pmc_prev = NULL; for (pmc = idev->mc_tomb; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&pmc->mca_addr, pmca)) break; pmc_prev = pmc; } if (pmc) { if (pmc_prev) pmc_prev->next = pmc->next; else idev->mc_tomb = pmc->next; } spin_unlock_bh(&idev->mc_lock); spin_lock_bh(&im->mca_lock); if (pmc) { im->idev = pmc->idev; if (im->mca_sfmode == MCAST_INCLUDE) { swap(im->mca_tomb, pmc->mca_tomb); swap(im->mca_sources, pmc->mca_sources); for (psf = im->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) psf->sf_crcount = idev->mc_qrv; } else { im->mca_crcount = idev->mc_qrv; } in6_dev_put(pmc->idev); ip6_mc_clear_src(pmc); kfree(pmc); } spin_unlock_bh(&im->mca_lock); } static void mld_clear_delrec(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, *nextpmc; spin_lock_bh(&idev->mc_lock); pmc = idev->mc_tomb; idev->mc_tomb = NULL; spin_unlock_bh(&idev->mc_lock); for (; pmc; pmc = nextpmc) { nextpmc = pmc->next; ip6_mc_clear_src(pmc); in6_dev_put(pmc->idev); kfree(pmc); } /* clear dead sources, too */ read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (pmc = idev->mc_list; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf, *psf_next; spin_lock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); psf = pmc->mca_tomb; pmc->mca_tomb = NULL; spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); for (; psf; psf = psf_next) { psf_next = psf->sf_next; kfree(psf); } } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } static void mca_get(struct ifmcaddr6 *mc) { refcount_inc(&mc->mca_refcnt); } static void ma_put(struct ifmcaddr6 *mc) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&mc->mca_refcnt)) { in6_dev_put(mc->idev); kfree(mc); } } static struct ifmcaddr6 *mca_alloc(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode) { struct ifmcaddr6 *mc; mc = kzalloc(sizeof(*mc), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!mc) return NULL; timer_setup(&mc->mca_timer, igmp6_timer_handler, 0); mc->mca_addr = *addr; mc->idev = idev; /* reference taken by caller */ mc->mca_users = 1; /* mca_stamp should be updated upon changes */ mc->mca_cstamp = mc->mca_tstamp = jiffies; refcount_set(&mc->mca_refcnt, 1); spin_lock_init(&mc->mca_lock); mc->mca_sfmode = mode; mc->mca_sfcount[mode] = 1; if (ipv6_addr_is_ll_all_nodes(&mc->mca_addr) || IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(&mc->mca_addr) < IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL) mc->mca_flags |= MAF_NOREPORT; return mc; } /* * device multicast group inc (add if not found) */ static int __ipv6_dev_mc_inc(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode) { struct ifmcaddr6 *mc; struct inet6_dev *idev; ASSERT_RTNL(); /* we need to take a reference on idev */ idev = in6_dev_get(dev); if (!idev) return -EINVAL; write_lock_bh(&idev->lock); if (idev->dead) { write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); in6_dev_put(idev); return -ENODEV; } for (mc = idev->mc_list; mc; mc = mc->next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&mc->mca_addr, addr)) { mc->mca_users++; write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); ip6_mc_add_src(idev, &mc->mca_addr, mode, 0, NULL, 0); in6_dev_put(idev); return 0; } } mc = mca_alloc(idev, addr, mode); if (!mc) { write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); in6_dev_put(idev); return -ENOMEM; } mc->next = idev->mc_list; idev->mc_list = mc; /* Hold this for the code below before we unlock, * it is already exposed via idev->mc_list. */ mca_get(mc); write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); mld_del_delrec(idev, mc); igmp6_group_added(mc); ma_put(mc); return 0; } int ipv6_dev_mc_inc(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_dev_mc_inc(dev, addr, MCAST_EXCLUDE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipv6_dev_mc_inc); /* * device multicast group del */ int __ipv6_dev_mc_dec(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr) { struct ifmcaddr6 *ma, **map; ASSERT_RTNL(); write_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (map = &idev->mc_list; (ma = *map) != NULL; map = &ma->next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&ma->mca_addr, addr)) { if (--ma->mca_users == 0) { *map = ma->next; write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); igmp6_group_dropped(ma); ip6_mc_clear_src(ma); ma_put(ma); return 0; } write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return 0; } } write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return -ENOENT; } int ipv6_dev_mc_dec(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr) { struct inet6_dev *idev; int err; ASSERT_RTNL(); idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); if (!idev) err = -ENODEV; else err = __ipv6_dev_mc_dec(idev, addr); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipv6_dev_mc_dec); /* * check if the interface/address pair is valid */ bool ipv6_chk_mcast_addr(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *group, const struct in6_addr *src_addr) { struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ifmcaddr6 *mc; bool rv = false; rcu_read_lock(); idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); if (idev) { read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (mc = idev->mc_list; mc; mc = mc->next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&mc->mca_addr, group)) break; } if (mc) { if (src_addr && !ipv6_addr_any(src_addr)) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; spin_lock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); for (psf = mc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&psf->sf_addr, src_addr)) break; } if (psf) rv = psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE] || psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE] != mc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]; else rv = mc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] != 0; spin_unlock_bh(&mc->mca_lock); } else rv = true; /* don't filter unspecified source */ } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); return rv; } static void mld_gq_start_timer(struct inet6_dev *idev) { unsigned long tv = prandom_u32() % idev->mc_maxdelay; idev->mc_gq_running = 1; if (!mod_timer(&idev->mc_gq_timer, jiffies+tv+2)) in6_dev_hold(idev); } static void mld_gq_stop_timer(struct inet6_dev *idev) { idev->mc_gq_running = 0; if (del_timer(&idev->mc_gq_timer)) __in6_dev_put(idev); } static void mld_ifc_start_timer(struct inet6_dev *idev, unsigned long delay) { unsigned long tv = prandom_u32() % delay; if (!mod_timer(&idev->mc_ifc_timer, jiffies+tv+2)) in6_dev_hold(idev); } static void mld_ifc_stop_timer(struct inet6_dev *idev) { idev->mc_ifc_count = 0; if (del_timer(&idev->mc_ifc_timer)) __in6_dev_put(idev); } static void mld_dad_start_timer(struct inet6_dev *idev, unsigned long delay) { unsigned long tv = prandom_u32() % delay; if (!mod_timer(&idev->mc_dad_timer, jiffies+tv+2)) in6_dev_hold(idev); } static void mld_dad_stop_timer(struct inet6_dev *idev) { if (del_timer(&idev->mc_dad_timer)) __in6_dev_put(idev); } /* * IGMP handling (alias multicast ICMPv6 messages) */ static void igmp6_group_queried(struct ifmcaddr6 *ma, unsigned long resptime) { unsigned long delay = resptime; /* Do not start timer for these addresses */ if (ipv6_addr_is_ll_all_nodes(&ma->mca_addr) || IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(&ma->mca_addr) < IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL) return; if (del_timer(&ma->mca_timer)) { refcount_dec(&ma->mca_refcnt); delay = ma->mca_timer.expires - jiffies; } if (delay >= resptime) delay = prandom_u32() % resptime; ma->mca_timer.expires = jiffies + delay; if (!mod_timer(&ma->mca_timer, jiffies + delay)) refcount_inc(&ma->mca_refcnt); ma->mca_flags |= MAF_TIMER_RUNNING; } /* mark EXCLUDE-mode sources */ static bool mld_xmarksources(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int nsrcs, const struct in6_addr *srcs) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; int i, scount; scount = 0; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) { if (scount == nsrcs) break; for (i = 0; i < nsrcs; i++) { /* skip inactive filters */ if (psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE] || pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] != psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) break; if (ipv6_addr_equal(&srcs[i], &psf->sf_addr)) { scount++; break; } } } pmc->mca_flags &= ~MAF_GSQUERY; if (scount == nsrcs) /* all sources excluded */ return false; return true; } static bool mld_marksources(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int nsrcs, const struct in6_addr *srcs) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; int i, scount; if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE) return mld_xmarksources(pmc, nsrcs, srcs); /* mark INCLUDE-mode sources */ scount = 0; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) { if (scount == nsrcs) break; for (i = 0; i < nsrcs; i++) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&srcs[i], &psf->sf_addr)) { psf->sf_gsresp = 1; scount++; break; } } } if (!scount) { pmc->mca_flags &= ~MAF_GSQUERY; return false; } pmc->mca_flags |= MAF_GSQUERY; return true; } static int mld_force_mld_version(const struct inet6_dev *idev) { /* Normally, both are 0 here. If enforcement to a particular is * being used, individual device enforcement will have a lower * precedence over 'all' device (.../conf/all/force_mld_version). */ if (dev_net(idev->dev)->ipv6.devconf_all->force_mld_version != 0) return dev_net(idev->dev)->ipv6.devconf_all->force_mld_version; else return idev->cnf.force_mld_version; } static bool mld_in_v2_mode_only(const struct inet6_dev *idev) { return mld_force_mld_version(idev) == 2; } static bool mld_in_v1_mode_only(const struct inet6_dev *idev) { return mld_force_mld_version(idev) == 1; } static bool mld_in_v1_mode(const struct inet6_dev *idev) { if (mld_in_v2_mode_only(idev)) return false; if (mld_in_v1_mode_only(idev)) return true; if (idev->mc_v1_seen && time_before(jiffies, idev->mc_v1_seen)) return true; return false; } static void mld_set_v1_mode(struct inet6_dev *idev) { /* RFC3810, relevant sections: * - 9.1. Robustness Variable * - 9.2. Query Interval * - 9.3. Query Response Interval * - 9.12. Older Version Querier Present Timeout */ unsigned long switchback; switchback = (idev->mc_qrv * idev->mc_qi) + idev->mc_qri; idev->mc_v1_seen = jiffies + switchback; } static void mld_update_qrv(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct mld2_query *mlh2) { /* RFC3810, relevant sections: * - 5.1.8. QRV (Querier's Robustness Variable) * - 9.1. Robustness Variable */ /* The value of the Robustness Variable MUST NOT be zero, * and SHOULD NOT be one. Catch this here if we ever run * into such a case in future. */ const int min_qrv = min(MLD_QRV_DEFAULT, sysctl_mld_qrv); WARN_ON(idev->mc_qrv == 0); if (mlh2->mld2q_qrv > 0) idev->mc_qrv = mlh2->mld2q_qrv; if (unlikely(idev->mc_qrv < min_qrv)) { net_warn_ratelimited("IPv6: MLD: clamping QRV from %u to %u!\n", idev->mc_qrv, min_qrv); idev->mc_qrv = min_qrv; } } static void mld_update_qi(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct mld2_query *mlh2) { /* RFC3810, relevant sections: * - 5.1.9. QQIC (Querier's Query Interval Code) * - 9.2. Query Interval * - 9.12. Older Version Querier Present Timeout * (the [Query Interval] in the last Query received) */ unsigned long mc_qqi; if (mlh2->mld2q_qqic < 128) { mc_qqi = mlh2->mld2q_qqic; } else { unsigned long mc_man, mc_exp; mc_exp = MLDV2_QQIC_EXP(mlh2->mld2q_qqic); mc_man = MLDV2_QQIC_MAN(mlh2->mld2q_qqic); mc_qqi = (mc_man | 0x10) << (mc_exp + 3); } idev->mc_qi = mc_qqi * HZ; } static void mld_update_qri(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct mld2_query *mlh2) { /* RFC3810, relevant sections: * - 5.1.3. Maximum Response Code * - 9.3. Query Response Interval */ idev->mc_qri = msecs_to_jiffies(mldv2_mrc(mlh2)); } static int mld_process_v1(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct mld_msg *mld, unsigned long *max_delay, bool v1_query) { unsigned long mldv1_md; /* Ignore v1 queries */ if (mld_in_v2_mode_only(idev)) return -EINVAL; mldv1_md = ntohs(mld->mld_maxdelay); /* When in MLDv1 fallback and a MLDv2 router start-up being * unaware of current MLDv1 operation, the MRC == MRD mapping * only works when the exponential algorithm is not being * used (as MLDv1 is unaware of such things). * * According to the RFC author, the MLDv2 implementations * he's aware of all use a MRC < 32768 on start up queries. * * Thus, should we *ever* encounter something else larger * than that, just assume the maximum possible within our * reach. */ if (!v1_query) mldv1_md = min(mldv1_md, MLDV1_MRD_MAX_COMPAT); *max_delay = max(msecs_to_jiffies(mldv1_md), 1UL); /* MLDv1 router present: we need to go into v1 mode *only* * when an MLDv1 query is received as per section 9.12. of * RFC3810! And we know from RFC2710 section 3.7 that MLDv1 * queries MUST be of exactly 24 octets. */ if (v1_query) mld_set_v1_mode(idev); /* cancel MLDv2 report timer */ mld_gq_stop_timer(idev); /* cancel the interface change timer */ mld_ifc_stop_timer(idev); /* clear deleted report items */ mld_clear_delrec(idev); return 0; } static int mld_process_v2(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct mld2_query *mld, unsigned long *max_delay) { *max_delay = max(msecs_to_jiffies(mldv2_mrc(mld)), 1UL); mld_update_qrv(idev, mld); mld_update_qi(idev, mld); mld_update_qri(idev, mld); idev->mc_maxdelay = *max_delay; return 0; } /* called with rcu_read_lock() */ int igmp6_event_query(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct mld2_query *mlh2 = NULL; struct ifmcaddr6 *ma; const struct in6_addr *group; unsigned long max_delay; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct mld_msg *mld; int group_type; int mark = 0; int len, err; if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct in6_addr))) return -EINVAL; /* compute payload length excluding extension headers */ len = ntohs(ipv6_hdr(skb)->payload_len) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); len -= skb_network_header_len(skb); /* RFC3810 6.2 * Upon reception of an MLD message that contains a Query, the node * checks if the source address of the message is a valid link-local * address, if the Hop Limit is set to 1, and if the Router Alert * option is present in the Hop-By-Hop Options header of the IPv6 * packet. If any of these checks fails, the packet is dropped. */ if (!(ipv6_addr_type(&ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr) & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL) || ipv6_hdr(skb)->hop_limit != 1 || !(IP6CB(skb)->flags & IP6SKB_ROUTERALERT) || IP6CB(skb)->ra != htons(IPV6_OPT_ROUTERALERT_MLD)) return -EINVAL; idev = __in6_dev_get(skb->dev); if (!idev) return 0; mld = (struct mld_msg *)icmp6_hdr(skb); group = &mld->mld_mca; group_type = ipv6_addr_type(group); if (group_type != IPV6_ADDR_ANY && !(group_type&IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST)) return -EINVAL; if (len < MLD_V1_QUERY_LEN) { return -EINVAL; } else if (len == MLD_V1_QUERY_LEN || mld_in_v1_mode(idev)) { err = mld_process_v1(idev, mld, &max_delay, len == MLD_V1_QUERY_LEN); if (err < 0) return err; } else if (len >= MLD_V2_QUERY_LEN_MIN) { int srcs_offset = sizeof(struct mld2_query) - sizeof(struct icmp6hdr); if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, srcs_offset)) return -EINVAL; mlh2 = (struct mld2_query *)skb_transport_header(skb); err = mld_process_v2(idev, mlh2, &max_delay); if (err < 0) return err; if (group_type == IPV6_ADDR_ANY) { /* general query */ if (mlh2->mld2q_nsrcs) return -EINVAL; /* no sources allowed */ mld_gq_start_timer(idev); return 0; } /* mark sources to include, if group & source-specific */ if (mlh2->mld2q_nsrcs != 0) { if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, srcs_offset + ntohs(mlh2->mld2q_nsrcs) * sizeof(struct in6_addr))) return -EINVAL; mlh2 = (struct mld2_query *)skb_transport_header(skb); mark = 1; } } else { return -EINVAL; } read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); if (group_type == IPV6_ADDR_ANY) { for (ma = idev->mc_list; ma; ma = ma->next) { spin_lock_bh(&ma->mca_lock); igmp6_group_queried(ma, max_delay); spin_unlock_bh(&ma->mca_lock); } } else { for (ma = idev->mc_list; ma; ma = ma->next) { if (!ipv6_addr_equal(group, &ma->mca_addr)) continue; spin_lock_bh(&ma->mca_lock); if (ma->mca_flags & MAF_TIMER_RUNNING) { /* gsquery <- gsquery && mark */ if (!mark) ma->mca_flags &= ~MAF_GSQUERY; } else { /* gsquery <- mark */ if (mark) ma->mca_flags |= MAF_GSQUERY; else ma->mca_flags &= ~MAF_GSQUERY; } if (!(ma->mca_flags & MAF_GSQUERY) || mld_marksources(ma, ntohs(mlh2->mld2q_nsrcs), mlh2->mld2q_srcs)) igmp6_group_queried(ma, max_delay); spin_unlock_bh(&ma->mca_lock); break; } } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return 0; } /* called with rcu_read_lock() */ int igmp6_event_report(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ifmcaddr6 *ma; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct mld_msg *mld; int addr_type; /* Our own report looped back. Ignore it. */ if (skb->pkt_type == PACKET_LOOPBACK) return 0; /* send our report if the MC router may not have heard this report */ if (skb->pkt_type != PACKET_MULTICAST && skb->pkt_type != PACKET_BROADCAST) return 0; if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(*mld) - sizeof(struct icmp6hdr))) return -EINVAL; mld = (struct mld_msg *)icmp6_hdr(skb); /* Drop reports with not link local source */ addr_type = ipv6_addr_type(&ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr); if (addr_type != IPV6_ADDR_ANY && !(addr_type&IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL)) return -EINVAL; idev = __in6_dev_get(skb->dev); if (!idev) return -ENODEV; /* * Cancel the timer for this group */ read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (ma = idev->mc_list; ma; ma = ma->next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&ma->mca_addr, &mld->mld_mca)) { spin_lock(&ma->mca_lock); if (del_timer(&ma->mca_timer)) refcount_dec(&ma->mca_refcnt); ma->mca_flags &= ~(MAF_LAST_REPORTER|MAF_TIMER_RUNNING); spin_unlock(&ma->mca_lock); break; } } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return 0; } static bool is_in(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, struct ip6_sf_list *psf, int type, int gdeleted, int sdeleted) { switch (type) { case MLD2_MODE_IS_INCLUDE: case MLD2_MODE_IS_EXCLUDE: if (gdeleted || sdeleted) return false; if (!((pmc->mca_flags & MAF_GSQUERY) && !psf->sf_gsresp)) { if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_INCLUDE) return true; /* don't include if this source is excluded * in all filters */ if (psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE]) return type == MLD2_MODE_IS_INCLUDE; return pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] == psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE]; } return false; case MLD2_CHANGE_TO_INCLUDE: if (gdeleted || sdeleted) return false; return psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE] != 0; case MLD2_CHANGE_TO_EXCLUDE: if (gdeleted || sdeleted) return false; if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] == 0 || psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE]) return false; return pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] == psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE]; case MLD2_ALLOW_NEW_SOURCES: if (gdeleted || !psf->sf_crcount) return false; return (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_INCLUDE) ^ sdeleted; case MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES: if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_INCLUDE) return gdeleted || (psf->sf_crcount && sdeleted); return psf->sf_crcount && !gdeleted && !sdeleted; } return false; } static int mld_scount(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int type, int gdeleted, int sdeleted) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; int scount = 0; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) { if (!is_in(pmc, psf, type, gdeleted, sdeleted)) continue; scount++; } return scount; } static void ip6_mc_hdr(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, int proto, int len) { struct ipv6hdr *hdr; skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IPV6); skb->dev = dev; skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb_put(skb, sizeof(struct ipv6hdr)); hdr = ipv6_hdr(skb); ip6_flow_hdr(hdr, 0, 0); hdr->payload_len = htons(len); hdr->nexthdr = proto; hdr->hop_limit = inet6_sk(sk)->hop_limit; hdr->saddr = *saddr; hdr->daddr = *daddr; } static struct sk_buff *mld_newpack(struct inet6_dev *idev, unsigned int mtu) { struct net_device *dev = idev->dev; struct net *net = dev_net(dev); struct sock *sk = net->ipv6.igmp_sk; struct sk_buff *skb; struct mld2_report *pmr; struct in6_addr addr_buf; const struct in6_addr *saddr; int hlen = LL_RESERVED_SPACE(dev); int tlen = dev->needed_tailroom; unsigned int size = mtu + hlen + tlen; int err; u8 ra[8] = { IPPROTO_ICMPV6, 0, IPV6_TLV_ROUTERALERT, 2, 0, 0, IPV6_TLV_PADN, 0 }; /* we assume size > sizeof(ra) here */ skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk, size, 1, &err); if (!skb) return NULL; skb->priority = TC_PRIO_CONTROL; skb_reserve(skb, hlen); skb_tailroom_reserve(skb, mtu, tlen); if (__ipv6_get_lladdr(idev, &addr_buf, IFA_F_TENTATIVE)) { /* <draft-ietf-magma-mld-source-05.txt>: * use unspecified address as the source address * when a valid link-local address is not available. */ saddr = &in6addr_any; } else saddr = &addr_buf; ip6_mc_hdr(sk, skb, dev, saddr, &mld2_all_mcr, NEXTHDR_HOP, 0); skb_put_data(skb, ra, sizeof(ra)); skb_set_transport_header(skb, skb_tail_pointer(skb) - skb->data); skb_put(skb, sizeof(*pmr)); pmr = (struct mld2_report *)skb_transport_header(skb); pmr->mld2r_type = ICMPV6_MLD2_REPORT; pmr->mld2r_resv1 = 0; pmr->mld2r_cksum = 0; pmr->mld2r_resv2 = 0; pmr->mld2r_ngrec = 0; return skb; } static void mld_sendpack(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ipv6hdr *pip6 = ipv6_hdr(skb); struct mld2_report *pmr = (struct mld2_report *)skb_transport_header(skb); int payload_len, mldlen; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); int err; struct flowi6 fl6; struct dst_entry *dst; rcu_read_lock(); idev = __in6_dev_get(skb->dev); IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev, IPSTATS_MIB_OUT, skb->len); payload_len = (skb_tail_pointer(skb) - skb_network_header(skb)) - sizeof(*pip6); mldlen = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - skb_transport_header(skb); pip6->payload_len = htons(payload_len); pmr->mld2r_cksum = csum_ipv6_magic(&pip6->saddr, &pip6->daddr, mldlen, IPPROTO_ICMPV6, csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), mldlen, 0)); icmpv6_flow_init(net->ipv6.igmp_sk, &fl6, ICMPV6_MLD2_REPORT, &ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr, &ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr, skb->dev->ifindex); dst = icmp6_dst_alloc(skb->dev, &fl6); err = 0; if (IS_ERR(dst)) { err = PTR_ERR(dst); dst = NULL; } skb_dst_set(skb, dst); if (err) goto err_out; err = NF_HOOK(NFPROTO_IPV6, NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT, net, net->ipv6.igmp_sk, skb, NULL, skb->dev, dst_output); out: if (!err) { ICMP6MSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, idev, ICMPV6_MLD2_REPORT); ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, ICMP6_MIB_OUTMSGS); } else { IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS); } rcu_read_unlock(); return; err_out: kfree_skb(skb); goto out; } static int grec_size(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int type, int gdel, int sdel) { return sizeof(struct mld2_grec) + 16 * mld_scount(pmc,type,gdel,sdel); } static struct sk_buff *add_grhead(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int type, struct mld2_grec **ppgr, unsigned int mtu) { struct mld2_report *pmr; struct mld2_grec *pgr; if (!skb) { skb = mld_newpack(pmc->idev, mtu); if (!skb) return NULL; } pgr = skb_put(skb, sizeof(struct mld2_grec)); pgr->grec_type = type; pgr->grec_auxwords = 0; pgr->grec_nsrcs = 0; pgr->grec_mca = pmc->mca_addr; /* structure copy */ pmr = (struct mld2_report *)skb_transport_header(skb); pmr->mld2r_ngrec = htons(ntohs(pmr->mld2r_ngrec)+1); *ppgr = pgr; return skb; } #define AVAILABLE(skb) ((skb) ? skb_availroom(skb) : 0) static struct sk_buff *add_grec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int type, int gdeleted, int sdeleted, int crsend) { struct inet6_dev *idev = pmc->idev; struct net_device *dev = idev->dev; struct mld2_report *pmr; struct mld2_grec *pgr = NULL; struct ip6_sf_list *psf, *psf_next, *psf_prev, **psf_list; int scount, stotal, first, isquery, truncate; unsigned int mtu; if (pmc->mca_flags & MAF_NOREPORT) return skb; mtu = READ_ONCE(dev->mtu); if (mtu < IPV6_MIN_MTU) return skb; isquery = type == MLD2_MODE_IS_INCLUDE || type == MLD2_MODE_IS_EXCLUDE; truncate = type == MLD2_MODE_IS_EXCLUDE || type == MLD2_CHANGE_TO_EXCLUDE; stotal = scount = 0; psf_list = sdeleted ? &pmc->mca_tomb : &pmc->mca_sources; if (!*psf_list) goto empty_source; pmr = skb ? (struct mld2_report *)skb_transport_header(skb) : NULL; /* EX and TO_EX get a fresh packet, if needed */ if (truncate) { if (pmr && pmr->mld2r_ngrec && AVAILABLE(skb) < grec_size(pmc, type, gdeleted, sdeleted)) { if (skb) mld_sendpack(skb); skb = mld_newpack(idev, mtu); } } first = 1; psf_prev = NULL; for (psf = *psf_list; psf; psf = psf_next) { struct in6_addr *psrc; psf_next = psf->sf_next; if (!is_in(pmc, psf, type, gdeleted, sdeleted) && !crsend) { psf_prev = psf; continue; } /* Based on RFC3810 6.1. Should not send source-list change * records when there is a filter mode change. */ if (((gdeleted && pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE) || (!gdeleted && pmc->mca_crcount)) && (type == MLD2_ALLOW_NEW_SOURCES || type == MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES) && psf->sf_crcount) goto decrease_sf_crcount; /* clear marks on query responses */ if (isquery) psf->sf_gsresp = 0; if (AVAILABLE(skb) < sizeof(*psrc) + first*sizeof(struct mld2_grec)) { if (truncate && !first) break; /* truncate these */ if (pgr) pgr->grec_nsrcs = htons(scount); if (skb) mld_sendpack(skb); skb = mld_newpack(idev, mtu); first = 1; scount = 0; } if (first) { skb = add_grhead(skb, pmc, type, &pgr, mtu); first = 0; } if (!skb) return NULL; psrc = skb_put(skb, sizeof(*psrc)); *psrc = psf->sf_addr; scount++; stotal++; if ((type == MLD2_ALLOW_NEW_SOURCES || type == MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES) && psf->sf_crcount) { decrease_sf_crcount: psf->sf_crcount--; if ((sdeleted || gdeleted) && psf->sf_crcount == 0) { if (psf_prev) psf_prev->sf_next = psf->sf_next; else *psf_list = psf->sf_next; kfree(psf); continue; } } psf_prev = psf; } empty_source: if (!stotal) { if (type == MLD2_ALLOW_NEW_SOURCES || type == MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES) return skb; if (pmc->mca_crcount || isquery || crsend) { /* make sure we have room for group header */ if (skb && AVAILABLE(skb) < sizeof(struct mld2_grec)) { mld_sendpack(skb); skb = NULL; /* add_grhead will get a new one */ } skb = add_grhead(skb, pmc, type, &pgr, mtu); } } if (pgr) pgr->grec_nsrcs = htons(scount); if (isquery) pmc->mca_flags &= ~MAF_GSQUERY; /* clear query state */ return skb; } static void mld_send_report(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc) { struct sk_buff *skb = NULL; int type; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); if (!pmc) { for (pmc = idev->mc_list; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) { if (pmc->mca_flags & MAF_NOREPORT) continue; spin_lock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) type = MLD2_MODE_IS_EXCLUDE; else type = MLD2_MODE_IS_INCLUDE; skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, type, 0, 0, 0); spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); } } else { spin_lock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) type = MLD2_MODE_IS_EXCLUDE; else type = MLD2_MODE_IS_INCLUDE; skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, type, 0, 0, 0); spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); if (skb) mld_sendpack(skb); } /* * remove zero-count source records from a source filter list */ static void mld_clear_zeros(struct ip6_sf_list **ppsf) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf_prev, *psf_next, *psf; psf_prev = NULL; for (psf = *ppsf; psf; psf = psf_next) { psf_next = psf->sf_next; if (psf->sf_crcount == 0) { if (psf_prev) psf_prev->sf_next = psf->sf_next; else *ppsf = psf->sf_next; kfree(psf); } else psf_prev = psf; } } static void mld_send_cr(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, *pmc_prev, *pmc_next; struct sk_buff *skb = NULL; int type, dtype; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); spin_lock(&idev->mc_lock); /* deleted MCA's */ pmc_prev = NULL; for (pmc = idev->mc_tomb; pmc; pmc = pmc_next) { pmc_next = pmc->next; if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_INCLUDE) { type = MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES; dtype = MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES; skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, type, 1, 0, 0); skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, dtype, 1, 1, 0); } if (pmc->mca_crcount) { if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE) { type = MLD2_CHANGE_TO_INCLUDE; skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, type, 1, 0, 0); } pmc->mca_crcount--; if (pmc->mca_crcount == 0) { mld_clear_zeros(&pmc->mca_tomb); mld_clear_zeros(&pmc->mca_sources); } } if (pmc->mca_crcount == 0 && !pmc->mca_tomb && !pmc->mca_sources) { if (pmc_prev) pmc_prev->next = pmc_next; else idev->mc_tomb = pmc_next; in6_dev_put(pmc->idev); kfree(pmc); } else pmc_prev = pmc; } spin_unlock(&idev->mc_lock); /* change recs */ for (pmc = idev->mc_list; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) { spin_lock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) { type = MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES; dtype = MLD2_ALLOW_NEW_SOURCES; } else { type = MLD2_ALLOW_NEW_SOURCES; dtype = MLD2_BLOCK_OLD_SOURCES; } skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, type, 0, 0, 0); skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, dtype, 0, 1, 0); /* deleted sources */ /* filter mode changes */ if (pmc->mca_crcount) { if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE) type = MLD2_CHANGE_TO_EXCLUDE; else type = MLD2_CHANGE_TO_INCLUDE; skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, type, 0, 0, 0); pmc->mca_crcount--; } spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); if (!skb) return; (void) mld_sendpack(skb); } static void igmp6_send(struct in6_addr *addr, struct net_device *dev, int type) { struct net *net = dev_net(dev); struct sock *sk = net->ipv6.igmp_sk; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct sk_buff *skb; struct mld_msg *hdr; const struct in6_addr *snd_addr, *saddr; struct in6_addr addr_buf; int hlen = LL_RESERVED_SPACE(dev); int tlen = dev->needed_tailroom; int err, len, payload_len, full_len; u8 ra[8] = { IPPROTO_ICMPV6, 0, IPV6_TLV_ROUTERALERT, 2, 0, 0, IPV6_TLV_PADN, 0 }; struct flowi6 fl6; struct dst_entry *dst; if (type == ICMPV6_MGM_REDUCTION) snd_addr = &in6addr_linklocal_allrouters; else snd_addr = addr; len = sizeof(struct icmp6hdr) + sizeof(struct in6_addr); payload_len = len + sizeof(ra); full_len = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) + payload_len; rcu_read_lock(); IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, __in6_dev_get(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_OUT, full_len); rcu_read_unlock(); skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk, hlen + tlen + full_len, 1, &err); if (!skb) { rcu_read_lock(); IP6_INC_STATS(net, __in6_dev_get(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS); rcu_read_unlock(); return; } skb->priority = TC_PRIO_CONTROL; skb_reserve(skb, hlen); if (ipv6_get_lladdr(dev, &addr_buf, IFA_F_TENTATIVE)) { /* <draft-ietf-magma-mld-source-05.txt>: * use unspecified address as the source address * when a valid link-local address is not available. */ saddr = &in6addr_any; } else saddr = &addr_buf; ip6_mc_hdr(sk, skb, dev, saddr, snd_addr, NEXTHDR_HOP, payload_len); skb_put_data(skb, ra, sizeof(ra)); hdr = skb_put_zero(skb, sizeof(struct mld_msg)); hdr->mld_type = type; hdr->mld_mca = *addr; hdr->mld_cksum = csum_ipv6_magic(saddr, snd_addr, len, IPPROTO_ICMPV6, csum_partial(hdr, len, 0)); rcu_read_lock(); idev = __in6_dev_get(skb->dev); icmpv6_flow_init(sk, &fl6, type, &ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr, &ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr, skb->dev->ifindex); dst = icmp6_dst_alloc(skb->dev, &fl6); if (IS_ERR(dst)) { err = PTR_ERR(dst); goto err_out; } skb_dst_set(skb, dst); err = NF_HOOK(NFPROTO_IPV6, NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT, net, sk, skb, NULL, skb->dev, dst_output); out: if (!err) { ICMP6MSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, idev, type); ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, ICMP6_MIB_OUTMSGS); } else IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS); rcu_read_unlock(); return; err_out: kfree_skb(skb); goto out; } static void mld_send_initial_cr(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct sk_buff *skb; struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc; int type; if (mld_in_v1_mode(idev)) return; skb = NULL; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (pmc = idev->mc_list; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) { spin_lock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) type = MLD2_CHANGE_TO_EXCLUDE; else type = MLD2_ALLOW_NEW_SOURCES; skb = add_grec(skb, pmc, type, 0, 0, 1); spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); if (skb) mld_sendpack(skb); } void ipv6_mc_dad_complete(struct inet6_dev *idev) { idev->mc_dad_count = idev->mc_qrv; if (idev->mc_dad_count) { mld_send_initial_cr(idev); idev->mc_dad_count--; if (idev->mc_dad_count) mld_dad_start_timer(idev, unsolicited_report_interval(idev)); } } static void mld_dad_timer_expire(struct timer_list *t) { struct inet6_dev *idev = from_timer(idev, t, mc_dad_timer); mld_send_initial_cr(idev); if (idev->mc_dad_count) { idev->mc_dad_count--; if (idev->mc_dad_count) mld_dad_start_timer(idev, unsolicited_report_interval(idev)); } in6_dev_put(idev); } static int ip6_mc_del1_src(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int sfmode, const struct in6_addr *psfsrc) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf, *psf_prev; int rv = 0; psf_prev = NULL; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&psf->sf_addr, psfsrc)) break; psf_prev = psf; } if (!psf || psf->sf_count[sfmode] == 0) { /* source filter not found, or count wrong => bug */ return -ESRCH; } psf->sf_count[sfmode]--; if (!psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE] && !psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) { struct inet6_dev *idev = pmc->idev; /* no more filters for this source */ if (psf_prev) psf_prev->sf_next = psf->sf_next; else pmc->mca_sources = psf->sf_next; if (psf->sf_oldin && !(pmc->mca_flags & MAF_NOREPORT) && !mld_in_v1_mode(idev)) { psf->sf_crcount = idev->mc_qrv; psf->sf_next = pmc->mca_tomb; pmc->mca_tomb = psf; rv = 1; } else kfree(psf); } return rv; } static int ip6_mc_del_src(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *pmca, int sfmode, int sfcount, const struct in6_addr *psfsrc, int delta) { struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc; int changerec = 0; int i, err; if (!idev) return -ENODEV; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (pmc = idev->mc_list; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(pmca, &pmc->mca_addr)) break; } if (!pmc) { /* MCA not found?? bug */ read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return -ESRCH; } spin_lock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); sf_markstate(pmc); if (!delta) { if (!pmc->mca_sfcount[sfmode]) { spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return -EINVAL; } pmc->mca_sfcount[sfmode]--; } err = 0; for (i = 0; i < sfcount; i++) { int rv = ip6_mc_del1_src(pmc, sfmode, &psfsrc[i]); changerec |= rv > 0; if (!err && rv < 0) err = rv; } if (pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE && pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] == 0 && pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_INCLUDE]) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; /* filter mode change */ pmc->mca_sfmode = MCAST_INCLUDE; pmc->mca_crcount = idev->mc_qrv; idev->mc_ifc_count = pmc->mca_crcount; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) psf->sf_crcount = 0; mld_ifc_event(pmc->idev); } else if (sf_setstate(pmc) || changerec) mld_ifc_event(pmc->idev); spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return err; } /* * Add multicast single-source filter to the interface list */ static int ip6_mc_add1_src(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc, int sfmode, const struct in6_addr *psfsrc) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf, *psf_prev; psf_prev = NULL; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&psf->sf_addr, psfsrc)) break; psf_prev = psf; } if (!psf) { psf = kzalloc(sizeof(*psf), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!psf) return -ENOBUFS; psf->sf_addr = *psfsrc; if (psf_prev) { psf_prev->sf_next = psf; } else pmc->mca_sources = psf; } psf->sf_count[sfmode]++; return 0; } static void sf_markstate(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; int mca_xcount = pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) { psf->sf_oldin = mca_xcount == psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE] && !psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE]; } else psf->sf_oldin = psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE] != 0; } static int sf_setstate(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf, *dpsf; int mca_xcount = pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]; int qrv = pmc->idev->mc_qrv; int new_in, rv; rv = 0; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) { if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) { new_in = mca_xcount == psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE] && !psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE]; } else new_in = psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE] != 0; if (new_in) { if (!psf->sf_oldin) { struct ip6_sf_list *prev = NULL; for (dpsf = pmc->mca_tomb; dpsf; dpsf = dpsf->sf_next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(&dpsf->sf_addr, &psf->sf_addr)) break; prev = dpsf; } if (dpsf) { if (prev) prev->sf_next = dpsf->sf_next; else pmc->mca_tomb = dpsf->sf_next; kfree(dpsf); } psf->sf_crcount = qrv; rv++; } } else if (psf->sf_oldin) { psf->sf_crcount = 0; /* * add or update "delete" records if an active filter * is now inactive */ for (dpsf = pmc->mca_tomb; dpsf; dpsf = dpsf->sf_next) if (ipv6_addr_equal(&dpsf->sf_addr, &psf->sf_addr)) break; if (!dpsf) { dpsf = kmalloc(sizeof(*dpsf), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!dpsf) continue; *dpsf = *psf; /* pmc->mca_lock held by callers */ dpsf->sf_next = pmc->mca_tomb; pmc->mca_tomb = dpsf; } dpsf->sf_crcount = qrv; rv++; } } return rv; } /* * Add multicast source filter list to the interface list */ static int ip6_mc_add_src(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *pmca, int sfmode, int sfcount, const struct in6_addr *psfsrc, int delta) { struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc; int isexclude; int i, err; if (!idev) return -ENODEV; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (pmc = idev->mc_list; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) { if (ipv6_addr_equal(pmca, &pmc->mca_addr)) break; } if (!pmc) { /* MCA not found?? bug */ read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return -ESRCH; } spin_lock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); sf_markstate(pmc); isexclude = pmc->mca_sfmode == MCAST_EXCLUDE; if (!delta) pmc->mca_sfcount[sfmode]++; err = 0; for (i = 0; i < sfcount; i++) { err = ip6_mc_add1_src(pmc, sfmode, &psfsrc[i]); if (err) break; } if (err) { int j; if (!delta) pmc->mca_sfcount[sfmode]--; for (j = 0; j < i; j++) ip6_mc_del1_src(pmc, sfmode, &psfsrc[j]); } else if (isexclude != (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] != 0)) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; /* filter mode change */ if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE]) pmc->mca_sfmode = MCAST_EXCLUDE; else if (pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_INCLUDE]) pmc->mca_sfmode = MCAST_INCLUDE; /* else no filters; keep old mode for reports */ pmc->mca_crcount = idev->mc_qrv; idev->mc_ifc_count = pmc->mca_crcount; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = psf->sf_next) psf->sf_crcount = 0; mld_ifc_event(idev); } else if (sf_setstate(pmc)) mld_ifc_event(idev); spin_unlock_bh(&pmc->mca_lock); read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); return err; } static void ip6_mc_clear_src(struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf, *nextpsf; for (psf = pmc->mca_tomb; psf; psf = nextpsf) { nextpsf = psf->sf_next; kfree(psf); } pmc->mca_tomb = NULL; for (psf = pmc->mca_sources; psf; psf = nextpsf) { nextpsf = psf->sf_next; kfree(psf); } pmc->mca_sources = NULL; pmc->mca_sfmode = MCAST_EXCLUDE; pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_INCLUDE] = 0; pmc->mca_sfcount[MCAST_EXCLUDE] = 1; } static void igmp6_join_group(struct ifmcaddr6 *ma) { unsigned long delay; if (ma->mca_flags & MAF_NOREPORT) return; igmp6_send(&ma->mca_addr, ma->idev->dev, ICMPV6_MGM_REPORT); delay = prandom_u32() % unsolicited_report_interval(ma->idev); spin_lock_bh(&ma->mca_lock); if (del_timer(&ma->mca_timer)) { refcount_dec(&ma->mca_refcnt); delay = ma->mca_timer.expires - jiffies; } if (!mod_timer(&ma->mca_timer, jiffies + delay)) refcount_inc(&ma->mca_refcnt); ma->mca_flags |= MAF_TIMER_RUNNING | MAF_LAST_REPORTER; spin_unlock_bh(&ma->mca_lock); } static int ip6_mc_leave_src(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_mc_socklist *iml, struct inet6_dev *idev) { int err; write_lock_bh(&iml->sflock); if (!iml->sflist) { /* any-source empty exclude case */ err = ip6_mc_del_src(idev, &iml->addr, iml->sfmode, 0, NULL, 0); } else { err = ip6_mc_del_src(idev, &iml->addr, iml->sfmode, iml->sflist->sl_count, iml->sflist->sl_addr, 0); sock_kfree_s(sk, iml->sflist, IP6_SFLSIZE(iml->sflist->sl_max)); iml->sflist = NULL; } write_unlock_bh(&iml->sflock); return err; } static void igmp6_leave_group(struct ifmcaddr6 *ma) { if (mld_in_v1_mode(ma->idev)) { if (ma->mca_flags & MAF_LAST_REPORTER) igmp6_send(&ma->mca_addr, ma->idev->dev, ICMPV6_MGM_REDUCTION); } else { mld_add_delrec(ma->idev, ma); mld_ifc_event(ma->idev); } } static void mld_gq_timer_expire(struct timer_list *t) { struct inet6_dev *idev = from_timer(idev, t, mc_gq_timer); idev->mc_gq_running = 0; mld_send_report(idev, NULL); in6_dev_put(idev); } static void mld_ifc_timer_expire(struct timer_list *t) { struct inet6_dev *idev = from_timer(idev, t, mc_ifc_timer); mld_send_cr(idev); if (idev->mc_ifc_count) { idev->mc_ifc_count--; if (idev->mc_ifc_count) mld_ifc_start_timer(idev, unsolicited_report_interval(idev)); } in6_dev_put(idev); } static void mld_ifc_event(struct inet6_dev *idev) { if (mld_in_v1_mode(idev)) return; idev->mc_ifc_count = idev->mc_qrv; mld_ifc_start_timer(idev, 1); } static void igmp6_timer_handler(struct timer_list *t) { struct ifmcaddr6 *ma = from_timer(ma, t, mca_timer); if (mld_in_v1_mode(ma->idev)) igmp6_send(&ma->mca_addr, ma->idev->dev, ICMPV6_MGM_REPORT); else mld_send_report(ma->idev, ma); spin_lock(&ma->mca_lock); ma->mca_flags |= MAF_LAST_REPORTER; ma->mca_flags &= ~MAF_TIMER_RUNNING; spin_unlock(&ma->mca_lock); ma_put(ma); } /* Device changing type */ void ipv6_mc_unmap(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct ifmcaddr6 *i; /* Install multicast list, except for all-nodes (already installed) */ read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (i = idev->mc_list; i; i = i->next) igmp6_group_dropped(i); read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } void ipv6_mc_remap(struct inet6_dev *idev) { ipv6_mc_up(idev); } /* Device going down */ void ipv6_mc_down(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct ifmcaddr6 *i; /* Withdraw multicast list */ read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (i = idev->mc_list; i; i = i->next) igmp6_group_dropped(i); /* Should stop timer after group drop. or we will * start timer again in mld_ifc_event() */ mld_ifc_stop_timer(idev); mld_gq_stop_timer(idev); mld_dad_stop_timer(idev); read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } static void ipv6_mc_reset(struct inet6_dev *idev) { idev->mc_qrv = sysctl_mld_qrv; idev->mc_qi = MLD_QI_DEFAULT; idev->mc_qri = MLD_QRI_DEFAULT; idev->mc_v1_seen = 0; idev->mc_maxdelay = unsolicited_report_interval(idev); } /* Device going up */ void ipv6_mc_up(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct ifmcaddr6 *i; /* Install multicast list, except for all-nodes (already installed) */ read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); ipv6_mc_reset(idev); for (i = idev->mc_list; i; i = i->next) { mld_del_delrec(idev, i); igmp6_group_added(i); } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } /* IPv6 device initialization. */ void ipv6_mc_init_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { write_lock_bh(&idev->lock); spin_lock_init(&idev->mc_lock); idev->mc_gq_running = 0; timer_setup(&idev->mc_gq_timer, mld_gq_timer_expire, 0); idev->mc_tomb = NULL; idev->mc_ifc_count = 0; timer_setup(&idev->mc_ifc_timer, mld_ifc_timer_expire, 0); timer_setup(&idev->mc_dad_timer, mld_dad_timer_expire, 0); ipv6_mc_reset(idev); write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } /* * Device is about to be destroyed: clean up. */ void ipv6_mc_destroy_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct ifmcaddr6 *i; /* Deactivate timers */ ipv6_mc_down(idev); mld_clear_delrec(idev); /* Delete all-nodes address. */ /* We cannot call ipv6_dev_mc_dec() directly, our caller in * addrconf.c has NULL'd out dev->ip6_ptr so in6_dev_get() will * fail. */ __ipv6_dev_mc_dec(idev, &in6addr_linklocal_allnodes); if (idev->cnf.forwarding) __ipv6_dev_mc_dec(idev, &in6addr_linklocal_allrouters); write_lock_bh(&idev->lock); while ((i = idev->mc_list) != NULL) { idev->mc_list = i->next; write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); ip6_mc_clear_src(i); ma_put(i); write_lock_bh(&idev->lock); } write_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } static void ipv6_mc_rejoin_groups(struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct ifmcaddr6 *pmc; ASSERT_RTNL(); if (mld_in_v1_mode(idev)) { read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); for (pmc = idev->mc_list; pmc; pmc = pmc->next) igmp6_join_group(pmc); read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } else mld_send_report(idev, NULL); } static int ipv6_mc_netdev_event(struct notifier_block *this, unsigned long event, void *ptr) { struct net_device *dev = netdev_notifier_info_to_dev(ptr); struct inet6_dev *idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); switch (event) { case NETDEV_RESEND_IGMP: if (idev) ipv6_mc_rejoin_groups(idev); break; default: break; } return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block igmp6_netdev_notifier = { .notifier_call = ipv6_mc_netdev_event, }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct igmp6_mc_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; struct net_device *dev; struct inet6_dev *idev; }; #define igmp6_mc_seq_private(seq) ((struct igmp6_mc_iter_state *)(seq)->private) static inline struct ifmcaddr6 *igmp6_mc_get_first(struct seq_file *seq) { struct ifmcaddr6 *im = NULL; struct igmp6_mc_iter_state *state = igmp6_mc_seq_private(seq); struct net *net = seq_file_net(seq); state->idev = NULL; for_each_netdev_rcu(net, state->dev) { struct inet6_dev *idev; idev = __in6_dev_get(state->dev); if (!idev) continue; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); im = idev->mc_list; if (im) { state->idev = idev; break; } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } return im; } static struct ifmcaddr6 *igmp6_mc_get_next(struct seq_file *seq, struct ifmcaddr6 *im) { struct igmp6_mc_iter_state *state = igmp6_mc_seq_private(seq); im = im->next; while (!im) { if (likely(state->idev)) read_unlock_bh(&state->idev->lock); state->dev = next_net_device_rcu(state->dev); if (!state->dev) { state->idev = NULL; break; } state->idev = __in6_dev_get(state->dev); if (!state->idev) continue; read_lock_bh(&state->idev->lock); im = state->idev->mc_list; } return im; } static struct ifmcaddr6 *igmp6_mc_get_idx(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t pos) { struct ifmcaddr6 *im = igmp6_mc_get_first(seq); if (im) while (pos && (im = igmp6_mc_get_next(seq, im)) != NULL) --pos; return pos ? NULL : im; } static void *igmp6_mc_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) __acquires(RCU) { rcu_read_lock(); return igmp6_mc_get_idx(seq, *pos); } static void *igmp6_mc_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct ifmcaddr6 *im = igmp6_mc_get_next(seq, v); ++*pos; return im; } static void igmp6_mc_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) __releases(RCU) { struct igmp6_mc_iter_state *state = igmp6_mc_seq_private(seq); if (likely(state->idev)) { read_unlock_bh(&state->idev->lock); state->idev = NULL; } state->dev = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); } static int igmp6_mc_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct ifmcaddr6 *im = (struct ifmcaddr6 *)v; struct igmp6_mc_iter_state *state = igmp6_mc_seq_private(seq); seq_printf(seq, "%-4d %-15s %pi6 %5d %08X %ld\n", state->dev->ifindex, state->dev->name, &im->mca_addr, im->mca_users, im->mca_flags, (im->mca_flags&MAF_TIMER_RUNNING) ? jiffies_to_clock_t(im->mca_timer.expires-jiffies) : 0); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations igmp6_mc_seq_ops = { .start = igmp6_mc_seq_start, .next = igmp6_mc_seq_next, .stop = igmp6_mc_seq_stop, .show = igmp6_mc_seq_show, }; struct igmp6_mcf_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; struct net_device *dev; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ifmcaddr6 *im; }; #define igmp6_mcf_seq_private(seq) ((struct igmp6_mcf_iter_state *)(seq)->private) static inline struct ip6_sf_list *igmp6_mcf_get_first(struct seq_file *seq) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf = NULL; struct ifmcaddr6 *im = NULL; struct igmp6_mcf_iter_state *state = igmp6_mcf_seq_private(seq); struct net *net = seq_file_net(seq); state->idev = NULL; state->im = NULL; for_each_netdev_rcu(net, state->dev) { struct inet6_dev *idev; idev = __in6_dev_get(state->dev); if (unlikely(idev == NULL)) continue; read_lock_bh(&idev->lock); im = idev->mc_list; if (likely(im)) { spin_lock_bh(&im->mca_lock); psf = im->mca_sources; if (likely(psf)) { state->im = im; state->idev = idev; break; } spin_unlock_bh(&im->mca_lock); } read_unlock_bh(&idev->lock); } return psf; } static struct ip6_sf_list *igmp6_mcf_get_next(struct seq_file *seq, struct ip6_sf_list *psf) { struct igmp6_mcf_iter_state *state = igmp6_mcf_seq_private(seq); psf = psf->sf_next; while (!psf) { spin_unlock_bh(&state->im->mca_lock); state->im = state->im->next; while (!state->im) { if (likely(state->idev)) read_unlock_bh(&state->idev->lock); state->dev = next_net_device_rcu(state->dev); if (!state->dev) { state->idev = NULL; goto out; } state->idev = __in6_dev_get(state->dev); if (!state->idev) continue; read_lock_bh(&state->idev->lock); state->im = state->idev->mc_list; } if (!state->im) break; spin_lock_bh(&state->im->mca_lock); psf = state->im->mca_sources; } out: return psf; } static struct ip6_sf_list *igmp6_mcf_get_idx(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t pos) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf = igmp6_mcf_get_first(seq); if (psf) while (pos && (psf = igmp6_mcf_get_next(seq, psf)) != NULL) --pos; return pos ? NULL : psf; } static void *igmp6_mcf_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) __acquires(RCU) { rcu_read_lock(); return *pos ? igmp6_mcf_get_idx(seq, *pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } static void *igmp6_mcf_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf; if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN) psf = igmp6_mcf_get_first(seq); else psf = igmp6_mcf_get_next(seq, v); ++*pos; return psf; } static void igmp6_mcf_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) __releases(RCU) { struct igmp6_mcf_iter_state *state = igmp6_mcf_seq_private(seq); if (likely(state->im)) { spin_unlock_bh(&state->im->mca_lock); state->im = NULL; } if (likely(state->idev)) { read_unlock_bh(&state->idev->lock); state->idev = NULL; } state->dev = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); } static int igmp6_mcf_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct ip6_sf_list *psf = (struct ip6_sf_list *)v; struct igmp6_mcf_iter_state *state = igmp6_mcf_seq_private(seq); if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN) { seq_puts(seq, "Idx Device Multicast Address Source Address INC EXC\n"); } else { seq_printf(seq, "%3d %6.6s %pi6 %pi6 %6lu %6lu\n", state->dev->ifindex, state->dev->name, &state->im->mca_addr, &psf->sf_addr, psf->sf_count[MCAST_INCLUDE], psf->sf_count[MCAST_EXCLUDE]); } return 0; } static const struct seq_operations igmp6_mcf_seq_ops = { .start = igmp6_mcf_seq_start, .next = igmp6_mcf_seq_next, .stop = igmp6_mcf_seq_stop, .show = igmp6_mcf_seq_show, }; static int __net_init igmp6_proc_init(struct net *net) { int err; err = -ENOMEM; if (!proc_create_net("igmp6", 0444, net->proc_net, &igmp6_mc_seq_ops, sizeof(struct igmp6_mc_iter_state))) goto out; if (!proc_create_net("mcfilter6", 0444, net->proc_net, &igmp6_mcf_seq_ops, sizeof(struct igmp6_mcf_iter_state))) goto out_proc_net_igmp6; err = 0; out: return err; out_proc_net_igmp6: remove_proc_entry("igmp6", net->proc_net); goto out; } static void __net_exit igmp6_proc_exit(struct net *net) { remove_proc_entry("mcfilter6", net->proc_net); remove_proc_entry("igmp6", net->proc_net); } #else static inline int igmp6_proc_init(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline void igmp6_proc_exit(struct net *net) { } #endif static int __net_init igmp6_net_init(struct net *net) { int err; err = inet_ctl_sock_create(&net->ipv6.igmp_sk, PF_INET6, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_ICMPV6, net); if (err < 0) { pr_err("Failed to initialize the IGMP6 control socket (err %d)\n", err); goto out; } inet6_sk(net->ipv6.igmp_sk)->hop_limit = 1; err = inet_ctl_sock_create(&net->ipv6.mc_autojoin_sk, PF_INET6, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_ICMPV6, net); if (err < 0) { pr_err("Failed to initialize the IGMP6 autojoin socket (err %d)\n", err); goto out_sock_create; } err = igmp6_proc_init(net); if (err) goto out_sock_create_autojoin; return 0; out_sock_create_autojoin: inet_ctl_sock_destroy(net->ipv6.mc_autojoin_sk); out_sock_create: inet_ctl_sock_destroy(net->ipv6.igmp_sk); out: return err; } static void __net_exit igmp6_net_exit(struct net *net) { inet_ctl_sock_destroy(net->ipv6.igmp_sk); inet_ctl_sock_destroy(net->ipv6.mc_autojoin_sk); igmp6_proc_exit(net); } static struct pernet_operations igmp6_net_ops = { .init = igmp6_net_init, .exit = igmp6_net_exit, }; int __init igmp6_init(void) { return register_pernet_subsys(&igmp6_net_ops); } int __init igmp6_late_init(void) { return register_netdevice_notifier(&igmp6_netdev_notifier); } void igmp6_cleanup(void) { unregister_pernet_subsys(&igmp6_net_ops); } void igmp6_late_cleanup(void) { unregister_netdevice_notifier(&igmp6_netdev_notifier); }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright (C) 2001 Momchil Velikov * Portions Copyright (C) 2001 Christoph Hellwig * Copyright (C) 2006 Nick Piggin * Copyright (C) 2012 Konstantin Khlebnikov */ #ifndef _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #define _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/local_lock.h> /* Keep unconverted code working */ #define radix_tree_root xarray #define radix_tree_node xa_node struct radix_tree_preload { local_lock_t lock; unsigned nr; /* nodes->parent points to next preallocated node */ struct radix_tree_node *nodes; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct radix_tree_preload, radix_tree_preloads); /* * The bottom two bits of the slot determine how the remaining bits in the * slot are interpreted: * * 00 - data pointer * 10 - internal entry * x1 - value entry * * The internal entry may be a pointer to the next level in the tree, a * sibling entry, or an indicator that the entry in this slot has been moved * to another location in the tree and the lookup should be restarted. While * NULL fits the 'data pointer' pattern, it means that there is no entry in * the tree for this index (no matter what level of the tree it is found at). * This means that storing a NULL entry in the tree is the same as deleting * the entry from the tree. */ #define RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK 3UL #define RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE 2UL static inline bool radix_tree_is_internal_node(void *ptr) { return ((unsigned long)ptr & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK) == RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE; } /*** radix-tree API starts here ***/ #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT XA_CHUNK_SHIFT #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE (1UL << RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_MASK (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE-1) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS XA_MAX_MARKS #define RADIX_TREE_TAG_LONGS XA_MARK_LONGS #define RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS (8 /* CHAR_BIT */ * sizeof(unsigned long)) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_PATH (DIV_ROUND_UP(RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS, \ RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT)) /* The IDR tag is stored in the low bits of xa_flags */ #define ROOT_IS_IDR ((__force gfp_t)4) /* The top bits of xa_flags are used to store the root tags */ #define ROOT_TAG_SHIFT (__GFP_BITS_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) XARRAY_INIT(name, mask) #define RADIX_TREE(name, mask) \ struct radix_tree_root name = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) #define INIT_RADIX_TREE(root, mask) xa_init_flags(root, mask) static inline bool radix_tree_empty(const struct radix_tree_root *root) { return root->xa_head == NULL; } /** * struct radix_tree_iter - radix tree iterator state * * @index: index of current slot * @next_index: one beyond the last index for this chunk * @tags: bit-mask for tag-iterating * @node: node that contains current slot * * This radix tree iterator works in terms of "chunks" of slots. A chunk is a * subinterval of slots contained within one radix tree leaf node. It is * described by a pointer to its first slot and a struct radix_tree_iter * which holds the chunk's position in the tree and its size. For tagged * iteration radix_tree_iter also holds the slots' bit-mask for one chosen * radix tree tag. */ struct radix_tree_iter { unsigned long index; unsigned long next_index; unsigned long tags; struct radix_tree_node *node; }; /** * Radix-tree synchronization * * The radix-tree API requires that users provide all synchronisation (with * specific exceptions, noted below). * * Synchronization of access to the data items being stored in the tree, and * management of their lifetimes must be completely managed by API users. * * For API usage, in general, * - any function _modifying_ the tree or tags (inserting or deleting * items, setting or clearing tags) must exclude other modifications, and * exclude any functions reading the tree. * - any function _reading_ the tree or tags (looking up items or tags, * gang lookups) must exclude modifications to the tree, but may occur * concurrently with other readers. * * The notable exceptions to this rule are the following functions: * __radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup_slot * radix_tree_tag_get * radix_tree_gang_lookup * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot * radix_tree_tagged * * The first 7 functions are able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The * caller must ensure calls to these functions are made within rcu_read_lock() * regions. Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be * running concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and lifetimes * of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically this would mean * that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to lock-free access; and * that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after having been deleted from * the radix tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace period). * * (Note, rcu_assign_pointer and rcu_dereference are not needed to control * access to data items when inserting into or looking up from the radix tree) * * Note that the value returned by radix_tree_tag_get() may not be relied upon * if only the RCU read lock is held. Functions to set/clear tags and to * delete nodes running concurrently with it may affect its result such that * two consecutive reads in the same locked section may return different * values. If reliability is required, modification functions must also be * excluded from concurrency. * * radix_tree_tagged is able to be called without locking or RCU. */ /** * radix_tree_deref_slot - dereference a slot * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * For use with radix_tree_lookup_slot(). Caller must hold tree at least read * locked across slot lookup and dereference. Not required if write lock is * held (ie. items cannot be concurrently inserted). * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used to confirm validity of the pointer if * only the read lock is held. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot(void __rcu **slot) { return rcu_dereference(*slot); } /** * radix_tree_deref_slot_protected - dereference a slot with tree lock held * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * Similar to radix_tree_deref_slot. The caller does not hold the RCU read * lock but it must hold the tree lock to prevent parallel updates. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(void __rcu **slot, spinlock_t *treelock) { return rcu_dereference_protected(*slot, lockdep_is_held(treelock)); } /** * radix_tree_deref_retry - check radix_tree_deref_slot * @arg: pointer returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if retry is not required, otherwise retry is required * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used with radix_tree_deref_slot. */ static inline int radix_tree_deref_retry(void *arg) { return unlikely(radix_tree_is_internal_node(arg)); } /** * radix_tree_exception - radix_tree_deref_slot returned either exception? * @arg: value returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if well-aligned pointer, non-0 if either kind of exception. */ static inline int radix_tree_exception(void *arg) { return unlikely((unsigned long)arg & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK); } int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, void *); void *__radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, struct radix_tree_node **nodep, void __rcu ***slotp); void *radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); void __rcu **radix_tree_lookup_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index); void __radix_tree_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_node *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_replace_slot(struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, void __rcu **slot); void *radix_tree_delete_item(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long, void *); void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items); int radix_tree_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int radix_tree_maybe_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); void radix_tree_init(void); void *radix_tree_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void *radix_tree_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tag_get(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void radix_tree_iter_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu ***results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tagged(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned int tag); static inline void radix_tree_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } void __rcu **idr_get_free(struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long max); enum { RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAG_MASK = 0x0f, /* tag index in lower nybble */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED = 0x10, /* lookup tagged slots */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG = 0x20, /* stop at first hole */ }; /** * radix_tree_iter_init - initialize radix tree iterator * * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @start: iteration starting index * Returns: NULL */ static __always_inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_init(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long start) { /* * Leave iter->tags uninitialized. radix_tree_next_chunk() will fill it * in the case of a successful tagged chunk lookup. If the lookup was * unsuccessful or non-tagged then nobody cares about ->tags. * * Set index to zero to bypass next_index overflow protection. * See the comment in radix_tree_next_chunk() for details. */ iter->index = 0; iter->next_index = start; return NULL; } /** * radix_tree_next_chunk - find next chunk of slots for iteration * * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_* flags and tag index * Returns: pointer to chunk first slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function looks up the next chunk in the radix tree starting from * @iter->next_index. It returns a pointer to the chunk's first slot. * Also it fills @iter with data about chunk: position in the tree (index), * its end (next_index), and constructs a bit mask for tagged iterating (tags). */ void __rcu **radix_tree_next_chunk(const struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags); /** * radix_tree_iter_lookup - look up an index in the radix tree * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @index: key to look up * * If @index is present in the radix tree, this function returns the slot * containing it and updates @iter to describe the entry. If @index is not * present, it returns NULL. */ static inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long index) { radix_tree_iter_init(iter, index); return radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG); } /** * radix_tree_iter_retry - retry this chunk of the iteration * @iter: iterator state * * If we iterate over a tree protected only by the RCU lock, a race * against deletion or creation may result in seeing a slot for which * radix_tree_deref_retry() returns true. If so, call this function * and continue the iteration. */ static inline __must_check void __rcu **radix_tree_iter_retry(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { iter->next_index = iter->index; iter->tags = 0; return NULL; } static inline unsigned long __radix_tree_iter_add(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long slots) { return iter->index + slots; } /** * radix_tree_iter_resume - resume iterating when the chunk may be invalid * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: iterator state * Returns: New slot pointer * * If the iterator needs to release then reacquire a lock, the chunk may * have been invalidated by an insertion or deletion. Call this function * before releasing the lock to continue the iteration from the next index. */ void __rcu **__must_check radix_tree_iter_resume(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter); /** * radix_tree_chunk_size - get current chunk size * * @iter: pointer to radix tree iterator * Returns: current chunk size */ static __always_inline long radix_tree_chunk_size(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { return iter->next_index - iter->index; } /** * radix_tree_next_slot - find next slot in chunk * * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_*, should be constant * Returns: pointer to next slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function updates @iter->index in the case of a successful lookup. * For tagged lookup it also eats @iter->tags. * * There are several cases where 'slot' can be passed in as NULL to this * function. These cases result from the use of radix_tree_iter_resume() or * radix_tree_iter_retry(). In these cases we don't end up dereferencing * 'slot' because either: * a) we are doing tagged iteration and iter->tags has been set to 0, or * b) we are doing non-tagged iteration, and iter->index and iter->next_index * have been set up so that radix_tree_chunk_size() returns 1 or 0. */ static __always_inline void __rcu **radix_tree_next_slot(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags) { if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED) { iter->tags >>= 1; if (unlikely(!iter->tags)) return NULL; if (likely(iter->tags & 1ul)) { iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); slot++; goto found; } if (!(flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG)) { unsigned offset = __ffs(iter->tags); iter->tags >>= offset++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, offset); slot += offset; goto found; } } else { long count = radix_tree_chunk_size(iter); while (--count > 0) { slot++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); if (likely(*slot)) goto found; if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG) { /* forbid switching to the next chunk */ iter->next_index = 0; break; } } } return NULL; found: return slot; } /** * radix_tree_for_each_slot - iterate over non-empty slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, root, iter, start) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, 0)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, 0)) /** * radix_tree_for_each_tagged - iterate over tagged slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * @tag: tag index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_tagged(slot, root, iter, start, tag) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) #endif /* _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_NS_H #define _LINUX_PID_NS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> /* MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL is needed for limiting size of 'struct pid' */ #define MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL 32 struct fs_pin; struct pid_namespace { struct kref kref; struct idr idr; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned int pid_allocated; struct task_struct *child_reaper; struct kmem_cache *pid_cachep; unsigned int level; struct pid_namespace *parent; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct fs_pin *bacct; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int reboot; /* group exit code if this pidns was rebooted */ struct ns_common ns; } __randomize_layout; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; #define PIDNS_ADDING (1U << 31) #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (ns != &init_pid_ns) kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } extern struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns); extern int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd); extern void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns); #else /* !CONFIG_PID_NS */ #include <linux/err.h> static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { return ns; } static inline struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWPID) ns = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return ns; } static inline void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { } static inline void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *ns) { BUG(); } static inline int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PID_NS */ extern struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk); void pidhash_init(void); void pid_idr_init(void); #endif /* _LINUX_PID_NS_H */
3 3 3 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/srcu.h> #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include "fsnotify.h" /* * Clear all of the marks on an inode when it is being evicted from core */ void __fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_clear_marks_by_inode(inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__fsnotify_inode_delete); void __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt) { fsnotify_clear_marks_by_mount(mnt); } /** * fsnotify_unmount_inodes - an sb is unmounting. handle any watched inodes. * @sb: superblock being unmounted. * * Called during unmount with no locks held, so needs to be safe against * concurrent modifiers. We temporarily drop sb->s_inode_list_lock and CAN block. */ static void fsnotify_unmount_inodes(struct super_block *sb) { struct inode *inode, *iput_inode = NULL; spin_lock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock); list_for_each_entry(inode, &sb->s_inodes, i_sb_list) { /* * We cannot __iget() an inode in state I_FREEING, * I_WILL_FREE, or I_NEW which is fine because by that point * the inode cannot have any associated watches. */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (inode->i_state & (I_FREEING|I_WILL_FREE|I_NEW)) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); continue; } /* * If i_count is zero, the inode cannot have any watches and * doing an __iget/iput with SB_ACTIVE clear would actually * evict all inodes with zero i_count from icache which is * unnecessarily violent and may in fact be illegal to do. * However, we should have been called /after/ evict_inodes * removed all zero refcount inodes, in any case. Test to * be sure. */ if (!atomic_read(&inode->i_count)) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); continue; } __iget(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); spin_unlock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock); if (iput_inode) iput(iput_inode); /* for each watch, send FS_UNMOUNT and then remove it */ fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_UNMOUNT); fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); iput_inode = inode; cond_resched(); spin_lock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock); } spin_unlock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock); if (iput_inode) iput(iput_inode); /* Wait for outstanding inode references from connectors */ wait_var_event(&sb->s_fsnotify_inode_refs, !atomic_long_read(&sb->s_fsnotify_inode_refs)); } void fsnotify_sb_delete(struct super_block *sb) { fsnotify_unmount_inodes(sb); fsnotify_clear_marks_by_sb(sb); } /* * Given an inode, first check if we care what happens to our children. Inotify * and dnotify both tell their parents about events. If we care about any event * on a child we run all of our children and set a dentry flag saying that the * parent cares. Thus when an event happens on a child it can quickly tell if * if there is a need to find a parent and send the event to the parent. */ void __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; int watched; if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return; /* determine if the children should tell inode about their events */ watched = fsnotify_inode_watches_children(inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); /* run all of the dentries associated with this inode. Since this is a * directory, there damn well better only be one item on this list */ hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { struct dentry *child; /* run all of the children of the original inode and fix their * d_flags to indicate parental interest (their parent is the * original inode) */ spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); list_for_each_entry(child, &alias->d_subdirs, d_child) { if (!child->d_inode) continue; spin_lock_nested(&child->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (watched) child->d_flags |= DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED; else child->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED; spin_unlock(&child->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /* Are inode/sb/mount interested in parent and name info with this event? */ static bool fsnotify_event_needs_parent(struct inode *inode, struct mount *mnt, __u32 mask) { __u32 marks_mask = 0; /* We only send parent/name to inode/sb/mount for events on non-dir */ if (mask & FS_ISDIR) return false; /* * All events that are possible on child can also may be reported with * parent/name info to inode/sb/mount. Otherwise, a watching parent * could result in events reported with unexpected name info to sb/mount. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(FS_EVENTS_POSS_ON_CHILD & ~FS_EVENTS_POSS_TO_PARENT); /* Did either inode/sb/mount subscribe for events with parent/name? */ marks_mask |= fsnotify_parent_needed_mask(inode->i_fsnotify_mask); marks_mask |= fsnotify_parent_needed_mask(inode->i_sb->s_fsnotify_mask); if (mnt) marks_mask |= fsnotify_parent_needed_mask(mnt->mnt_fsnotify_mask); /* Did they subscribe for this event with parent/name info? */ return mask & marks_mask; } /* * Notify this dentry's parent about a child's events with child name info * if parent is watching or if inode/sb/mount are interested in events with * parent and name info. * * Notify only the child without name info if parent is not watching and * inode/sb/mount are not interested in events with parent and name info. */ int __fsnotify_parent(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type) { const struct path *path = fsnotify_data_path(data, data_type); struct mount *mnt = path ? real_mount(path->mnt) : NULL; struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); struct dentry *parent; bool parent_watched = dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED; bool parent_needed, parent_interested; __u32 p_mask; struct inode *p_inode = NULL; struct name_snapshot name; struct qstr *file_name = NULL; int ret = 0; /* * Do inode/sb/mount care about parent and name info on non-dir? * Do they care about any event at all? */ if (!inode->i_fsnotify_marks && !inode->i_sb->s_fsnotify_marks && (!mnt || !mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks) && !parent_watched) return 0; parent = NULL; parent_needed = fsnotify_event_needs_parent(inode, mnt, mask); if (!parent_watched && !parent_needed) goto notify; /* Does parent inode care about events on children? */ parent = dget_parent(dentry); p_inode = parent->d_inode; p_mask = fsnotify_inode_watches_children(p_inode); if (unlikely(parent_watched && !p_mask)) __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags(p_inode); /* * Include parent/name in notification either if some notification * groups require parent info or the parent is interested in this event. */ parent_interested = mask & p_mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS; if (parent_needed || parent_interested) { /* When notifying parent, child should be passed as data */ WARN_ON_ONCE(inode != fsnotify_data_inode(data, data_type)); /* Notify both parent and child with child name info */ take_dentry_name_snapshot(&name, dentry); file_name = &name.name; if (parent_interested) mask |= FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD; } notify: ret = fsnotify(mask, data, data_type, p_inode, file_name, inode, 0); if (file_name) release_dentry_name_snapshot(&name); dput(parent); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__fsnotify_parent); static int fsnotify_handle_inode_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark, u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie) { const struct path *path = fsnotify_data_path(data, data_type); struct inode *inode = fsnotify_data_inode(data, data_type); const struct fsnotify_ops *ops = group->ops; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ops->handle_inode_event)) return 0; if ((inode_mark->mask & FS_EXCL_UNLINK) && path && d_unlinked(path->dentry)) return 0; /* Check interest of this mark in case event was sent with two marks */ if (!(mask & inode_mark->mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS)) return 0; return ops->handle_inode_event(inode_mark, mask, inode, dir, name, cookie); } static int fsnotify_handle_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie, struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info) { struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark = fsnotify_iter_inode_mark(iter_info); struct fsnotify_mark *parent_mark = fsnotify_iter_parent_mark(iter_info); int ret; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(fsnotify_iter_sb_mark(iter_info)) || WARN_ON_ONCE(fsnotify_iter_vfsmount_mark(iter_info))) return 0; if (parent_mark) { /* * parent_mark indicates that the parent inode is watching * children and interested in this event, which is an event * possible on child. But is *this mark* watching children and * interested in this event? */ if (parent_mark->mask & FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD) { ret = fsnotify_handle_inode_event(group, parent_mark, mask, data, data_type, dir, name, 0); if (ret) return ret; } if (!inode_mark) return 0; } if (mask & FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD) { /* * Some events can be sent on both parent dir and child marks * (e.g. FS_ATTRIB). If both parent dir and child are * watching, report the event once to parent dir with name (if * interested) and once to child without name (if interested). * The child watcher is expecting an event without a file name * and without the FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD flag. */ mask &= ~FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD; dir = NULL; name = NULL; } return fsnotify_handle_inode_event(group, inode_mark, mask, data, data_type, dir, name, cookie); } static int send_to_group(__u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *file_name, u32 cookie, struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info) { struct fsnotify_group *group = NULL; __u32 test_mask = (mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS); __u32 marks_mask = 0; __u32 marks_ignored_mask = 0; struct fsnotify_mark *mark; int type; if (WARN_ON(!iter_info->report_mask)) return 0; /* clear ignored on inode modification */ if (mask & FS_MODIFY) { fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) { if (!fsnotify_iter_should_report_type(iter_info, type)) continue; mark = iter_info->marks[type]; if (mark && !(mark->flags & FSNOTIFY_MARK_FLAG_IGNORED_SURV_MODIFY)) mark->ignored_mask = 0; } } fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) { if (!fsnotify_iter_should_report_type(iter_info, type)) continue; mark = iter_info->marks[type]; /* does the object mark tell us to do something? */ if (mark) { group = mark->group; marks_mask |= mark->mask; marks_ignored_mask |= mark->ignored_mask; } } pr_debug("%s: group=%p mask=%x marks_mask=%x marks_ignored_mask=%x data=%p data_type=%d dir=%p cookie=%d\n", __func__, group, mask, marks_mask, marks_ignored_mask, data, data_type, dir, cookie); if (!(test_mask & marks_mask & ~marks_ignored_mask)) return 0; if (group->ops->handle_event) { return group->ops->handle_event(group, mask, data, data_type, dir, file_name, cookie, iter_info); } return fsnotify_handle_event(group, mask, data, data_type, dir, file_name, cookie, iter_info); } static struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_first_mark(struct fsnotify_mark_connector **connp) { struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn; struct hlist_node *node = NULL; conn = srcu_dereference(*connp, &fsnotify_mark_srcu); if (conn) node = srcu_dereference(conn->list.first, &fsnotify_mark_srcu); return hlist_entry_safe(node, struct fsnotify_mark, obj_list); } static struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_next_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark) { struct hlist_node *node = NULL; if (mark) node = srcu_dereference(mark->obj_list.next, &fsnotify_mark_srcu); return hlist_entry_safe(node, struct fsnotify_mark, obj_list); } /* * iter_info is a multi head priority queue of marks. * Pick a subset of marks from queue heads, all with the * same group and set the report_mask for selected subset. * Returns the report_mask of the selected subset. */ static unsigned int fsnotify_iter_select_report_types( struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info) { struct fsnotify_group *max_prio_group = NULL; struct fsnotify_mark *mark; int type; /* Choose max prio group among groups of all queue heads */ fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) { mark = iter_info->marks[type]; if (mark && fsnotify_compare_groups(max_prio_group, mark->group) > 0) max_prio_group = mark->group; } if (!max_prio_group) return 0; /* Set the report mask for marks from same group as max prio group */ iter_info->report_mask = 0; fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) { mark = iter_info->marks[type]; if (mark && fsnotify_compare_groups(max_prio_group, mark->group) == 0) fsnotify_iter_set_report_type(iter_info, type); } return iter_info->report_mask; } /* * Pop from iter_info multi head queue, the marks that were iterated in the * current iteration step. */ static void fsnotify_iter_next(struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info) { int type; fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) { if (fsnotify_iter_should_report_type(iter_info, type)) iter_info->marks[type] = fsnotify_next_mark(iter_info->marks[type]); } } /* * fsnotify - This is the main call to fsnotify. * * The VFS calls into hook specific functions in linux/fsnotify.h. * Those functions then in turn call here. Here will call out to all of the * registered fsnotify_group. Those groups can then use the notification event * in whatever means they feel necessary. * * @mask: event type and flags * @data: object that event happened on * @data_type: type of object for fanotify_data_XXX() accessors * @dir: optional directory associated with event - * if @file_name is not NULL, this is the directory that * @file_name is relative to * @file_name: optional file name associated with event * @inode: optional inode associated with event - * either @dir or @inode must be non-NULL. * if both are non-NULL event may be reported to both. * @cookie: inotify rename cookie */ int fsnotify(__u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *file_name, struct inode *inode, u32 cookie) { const struct path *path = fsnotify_data_path(data, data_type); struct fsnotify_iter_info iter_info = {}; struct super_block *sb; struct mount *mnt = NULL; struct inode *parent = NULL; int ret = 0; __u32 test_mask, marks_mask; if (path) mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!inode) { /* Dirent event - report on TYPE_INODE to dir */ inode = dir; } else if (mask & FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD) { /* * Event on child - report on TYPE_PARENT to dir if it is * watching children and on TYPE_INODE to child. */ parent = dir; } sb = inode->i_sb; /* * Optimization: srcu_read_lock() has a memory barrier which can * be expensive. It protects walking the *_fsnotify_marks lists. * However, if we do not walk the lists, we do not have to do * SRCU because we have no references to any objects and do not * need SRCU to keep them "alive". */ if (!sb->s_fsnotify_marks && (!mnt || !mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks) && (!inode || !inode->i_fsnotify_marks) && (!parent || !parent->i_fsnotify_marks)) return 0; marks_mask = sb->s_fsnotify_mask; if (mnt) marks_mask |= mnt->mnt_fsnotify_mask; if (inode) marks_mask |= inode->i_fsnotify_mask; if (parent) marks_mask |= parent->i_fsnotify_mask; /* * if this is a modify event we may need to clear the ignored masks * otherwise return if none of the marks care about this type of event. */ test_mask = (mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS); if (!(mask & FS_MODIFY) && !(test_mask & marks_mask)) return 0; iter_info.srcu_idx = srcu_read_lock(&fsnotify_mark_srcu); iter_info.marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_SB] = fsnotify_first_mark(&sb->s_fsnotify_marks); if (mnt) { iter_info.marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_VFSMOUNT] = fsnotify_first_mark(&mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks); } if (inode) { iter_info.marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE] = fsnotify_first_mark(&inode->i_fsnotify_marks); } if (parent) { iter_info.marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_PARENT] = fsnotify_first_mark(&parent->i_fsnotify_marks); } /* * We need to merge inode/vfsmount/sb mark lists so that e.g. inode mark * ignore masks are properly reflected for mount/sb mark notifications. * That's why this traversal is so complicated... */ while (fsnotify_iter_select_report_types(&iter_info)) { ret = send_to_group(mask, data, data_type, dir, file_name, cookie, &iter_info); if (ret && (mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_PERM_EVENTS)) goto out; fsnotify_iter_next(&iter_info); } ret = 0; out: srcu_read_unlock(&fsnotify_mark_srcu, iter_info.srcu_idx); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fsnotify); static __init int fsnotify_init(void) { int ret; BUILD_BUG_ON(HWEIGHT32(ALL_FSNOTIFY_BITS) != 25); ret = init_srcu_struct(&fsnotify_mark_srcu); if (ret) panic("initializing fsnotify_mark_srcu"); fsnotify_mark_connector_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(fsnotify_mark_connector, SLAB_PANIC); return 0; } core_initcall(fsnotify_init);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * bvec iterator * * Copyright (C) 2001 Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com> */ #ifndef __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H #define __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct page; /** * struct bio_vec - a contiguous range of physical memory addresses * @bv_page: First page associated with the address range. * @bv_len: Number of bytes in the address range. * @bv_offset: Start of the address range relative to the start of @bv_page. * * The following holds for a bvec if n * PAGE_SIZE < bv_offset + bv_len: * * nth_page(@bv_page, n) == @bv_page + n * * This holds because page_is_mergeable() checks the above property. */ struct bio_vec { struct page *bv_page; unsigned int bv_len; unsigned int bv_offset; }; struct bvec_iter { sector_t bi_sector; /* device address in 512 byte sectors */ unsigned int bi_size; /* residual I/O count */ unsigned int bi_idx; /* current index into bvl_vec */ unsigned int bi_bvec_done; /* number of bytes completed in current bvec */ }; struct bvec_iter_all { struct bio_vec bv; int idx; unsigned done; }; /* * various member access, note that bio_data should of course not be used * on highmem page vectors */ #define __bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) (&(bvec)[(iter).bi_idx]) /* multi-page (mp_bvec) helpers */ #define mp_bvec_iter_page(bvec, iter) \ (__bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_page) #define mp_bvec_iter_len(bvec, iter) \ min((iter).bi_size, \ __bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_len - (iter).bi_bvec_done) #define mp_bvec_iter_offset(bvec, iter) \ (__bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_offset + (iter).bi_bvec_done) #define mp_bvec_iter_page_idx(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)) / PAGE_SIZE) #define mp_bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) \ ((struct bio_vec) { \ .bv_page = mp_bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_len = mp_bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_offset = mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)), \ }) /* For building single-page bvec in flight */ #define bvec_iter_offset(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)) % PAGE_SIZE) #define bvec_iter_len(bvec, iter) \ min_t(unsigned, mp_bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ PAGE_SIZE - bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter))) #define bvec_iter_page(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)) + \ mp_bvec_iter_page_idx((bvec), (iter))) #define bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) \ ((struct bio_vec) { \ .bv_page = bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_len = bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_offset = bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)), \ }) static inline bool bvec_iter_advance(const struct bio_vec *bv, struct bvec_iter *iter, unsigned bytes) { unsigned int idx = iter->bi_idx; if (WARN_ONCE(bytes > iter->bi_size, "Attempted to advance past end of bvec iter\n")) { iter->bi_size = 0; return false; } iter->bi_size -= bytes; bytes += iter->bi_bvec_done; while (bytes && bytes >= bv[idx].bv_len) { bytes -= bv[idx].bv_len; idx++; } iter->bi_idx = idx; iter->bi_bvec_done = bytes; return true; } static inline void bvec_iter_skip_zero_bvec(struct bvec_iter *iter) { iter->bi_bvec_done = 0; iter->bi_idx++; } #define for_each_bvec(bvl, bio_vec, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = bvec_iter_bvec((bio_vec), (iter))), 1); \ (bvl).bv_len ? (void)bvec_iter_advance((bio_vec), &(iter), \ (bvl).bv_len) : bvec_iter_skip_zero_bvec(&(iter))) /* for iterating one bio from start to end */ #define BVEC_ITER_ALL_INIT (struct bvec_iter) \ { \ .bi_sector = 0, \ .bi_size = UINT_MAX, \ .bi_idx = 0, \ .bi_bvec_done = 0, \ } static inline struct bio_vec *bvec_init_iter_all(struct bvec_iter_all *iter_all) { iter_all->done = 0; iter_all->idx = 0; return &iter_all->bv; } static inline void bvec_advance(const struct bio_vec *bvec, struct bvec_iter_all *iter_all) { struct bio_vec *bv = &iter_all->bv; if (iter_all->done) { bv->bv_page++; bv->bv_offset = 0; } else { bv->bv_page = bvec->bv_page + (bvec->bv_offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); bv->bv_offset = bvec->bv_offset & ~PAGE_MASK; } bv->bv_len = min_t(unsigned int, PAGE_SIZE - bv->bv_offset, bvec->bv_len - iter_all->done); iter_all->done += bv->bv_len; if (iter_all->done == bvec->bv_len) { iter_all->idx++; iter_all->done = 0; } } #endif /* __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2006, Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/leds.h> #include "ieee80211_i.h" #define MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY 50 /* ms */ static inline void ieee80211_led_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->rx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->rx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } static inline void ieee80211_led_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->tx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->tx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated); void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled); void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off); #else static inline void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled) { } static inline void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off) { } #endif static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->tx_bytes += bytes; #endif } static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->rx_bytes += bytes; #endif }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H #define _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H /* * Architecture specific compatibility types */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/user32.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <asm-generic/compat.h> #define COMPAT_USER_HZ 100 #define COMPAT_UTS_MACHINE "i686\0\0" typedef u16 __compat_uid_t; typedef u16 __compat_gid_t; typedef u32 __compat_uid32_t; typedef u32 __compat_gid32_t; typedef u16 compat_mode_t; typedef u16 compat_dev_t; typedef u16 compat_nlink_t; typedef u16 compat_ipc_pid_t; typedef u32 compat_caddr_t; typedef __kernel_fsid_t compat_fsid_t; struct compat_stat { compat_dev_t st_dev; u16 __pad1; compat_ino_t st_ino; compat_mode_t st_mode; compat_nlink_t st_nlink; __compat_uid_t st_uid; __compat_gid_t st_gid; compat_dev_t st_rdev; u16 __pad2; u32 st_size; u32 st_blksize; u32 st_blocks; u32 st_atime; u32 st_atime_nsec; u32 st_mtime; u32 st_mtime_nsec; u32 st_ctime; u32 st_ctime_nsec; u32 __unused4; u32 __unused5; }; struct compat_flock { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_off_t l_start; compat_off_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; }; #define F_GETLK64 12 /* using 'struct flock64' */ #define F_SETLK64 13 #define F_SETLKW64 14 /* * IA32 uses 4 byte alignment for 64 bit quantities, * so we need to pack this structure. */ struct compat_flock64 { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_loff_t l_start; compat_loff_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; } __attribute__((packed)); struct compat_statfs { int f_type; int f_bsize; int f_blocks; int f_bfree; int f_bavail; int f_files; int f_ffree; compat_fsid_t f_fsid; int f_namelen; /* SunOS ignores this field. */ int f_frsize; int f_flags; int f_spare[4]; }; #define COMPAT_RLIM_INFINITY 0xffffffff typedef u32 compat_old_sigset_t; /* at least 32 bits */ #define _COMPAT_NSIG 64 #define _COMPAT_NSIG_BPW 32 typedef u32 compat_sigset_word; #define COMPAT_OFF_T_MAX 0x7fffffff struct compat_ipc64_perm { compat_key_t key; __compat_uid32_t uid; __compat_gid32_t gid; __compat_uid32_t cuid; __compat_gid32_t cgid; unsigned short mode; unsigned short __pad1; unsigned short seq; unsigned short __pad2; compat_ulong_t unused1; compat_ulong_t unused2; }; struct compat_semid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm sem_perm; compat_ulong_t sem_otime; compat_ulong_t sem_otime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_nsems; compat_ulong_t __unused3; compat_ulong_t __unused4; }; struct compat_msqid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm msg_perm; compat_ulong_t msg_stime; compat_ulong_t msg_stime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_cbytes; compat_ulong_t msg_qnum; compat_ulong_t msg_qbytes; compat_pid_t msg_lspid; compat_pid_t msg_lrpid; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; struct compat_shmid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm shm_perm; compat_size_t shm_segsz; compat_ulong_t shm_atime; compat_ulong_t shm_atime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime_high; compat_pid_t shm_cpid; compat_pid_t shm_lpid; compat_ulong_t shm_nattch; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; /* * The type of struct elf_prstatus.pr_reg in compatible core dumps. */ typedef struct user_regs_struct compat_elf_gregset_t; /* Full regset -- prstatus on x32, otherwise on ia32 */ #define PRSTATUS_SIZE(S, R) (R != sizeof(S.pr_reg) ? 144 : 296) #define SET_PR_FPVALID(S, V, R) \ do { *(int *) (((void *) &((S)->pr_reg)) + R) = (V); } \ while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI #define COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME \ (!!(task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT)) #endif static inline void __user *arch_compat_alloc_user_space(long len) { compat_uptr_t sp; if (test_thread_flag(TIF_IA32)) { sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp; } else { /* -128 for the x32 ABI redzone */ sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp - 128; } return (void __user *)round_down(sp - len, 16); } static inline bool in_x32_syscall(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI if (task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT) return true; #endif return false; } static inline bool in_32bit_syscall(void) { return in_ia32_syscall() || in_x32_syscall(); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return in_32bit_syscall(); } #define in_compat_syscall in_compat_syscall /* override the generic impl */ #define compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup in_ia32_syscall #endif struct compat_siginfo; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI int copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); #define copy_siginfo_to_user32 copy_siginfo_to_user32 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H */
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include "internal.h" /* * /proc/self: */ static const char *proc_self_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *done) { struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(inode->i_sb); pid_t tgid = task_tgid_nr_ns(current, ns); char *name; /* * Not currently supported. Once we can inherit all of struct pid, * we can allow this. */ if (current->flags & PF_IO_WORKER) return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); if (!tgid) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); /* max length of unsigned int in decimal + NULL term */ name = kmalloc(10 + 1, dentry ? GFP_KERNEL : GFP_ATOMIC); if (unlikely(!name)) return dentry ? ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM) : ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); sprintf(name, "%u", tgid); set_delayed_call(done, kfree_link, name); return name; } static const struct inode_operations proc_self_inode_operations = { .get_link = proc_self_get_link, }; static unsigned self_inum __ro_after_init; int proc_setup_self(struct super_block *s) { struct inode *root_inode = d_inode(s->s_root); struct proc_fs_info *fs_info = proc_sb_info(s); struct dentry *self; int ret = -ENOMEM; inode_lock(root_inode); self = d_alloc_name(s->s_root, "self"); if (self) { struct inode *inode = new_inode(s); if (inode) { inode->i_ino = self_inum; inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); inode->i_mode = S_IFLNK | S_IRWXUGO; inode->i_uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; inode->i_gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; inode->i_op = &proc_self_inode_operations; d_add(self, inode); ret = 0; } else { dput(self); } } inode_unlock(root_inode); if (ret) pr_err("proc_fill_super: can't allocate /proc/self\n"); else fs_info->proc_self = self; return ret; } void __init proc_self_init(void) { proc_alloc_inum(&self_inum); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_GFP_H #define __LINUX_GFP_H #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/topology.h> struct vm_area_struct; /* * In case of changes, please don't forget to update * include/trace/events/mmflags.h and tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c */ /* Plain integer GFP bitmasks. Do not use this directly. */ #define ___GFP_DMA 0x01u #define ___GFP_HIGHMEM 0x02u #define ___GFP_DMA32 0x04u #define ___GFP_MOVABLE 0x08u #define ___GFP_RECLAIMABLE 0x10u #define ___GFP_HIGH 0x20u #define ___GFP_IO 0x40u #define ___GFP_FS 0x80u #define ___GFP_ZERO 0x100u #define ___GFP_ATOMIC 0x200u #define ___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM 0x400u #define ___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM 0x800u #define ___GFP_WRITE 0x1000u #define ___GFP_NOWARN 0x2000u #define ___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL 0x4000u #define ___GFP_NOFAIL 0x8000u #define ___GFP_NORETRY 0x10000u #define ___GFP_MEMALLOC 0x20000u #define ___GFP_COMP 0x40000u #define ___GFP_NOMEMALLOC 0x80000u #define ___GFP_HARDWALL 0x100000u #define ___GFP_THISNODE 0x200000u #define ___GFP_ACCOUNT 0x400000u #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP #define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0x800000u #else #define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0 #endif /* If the above are modified, __GFP_BITS_SHIFT may need updating */ /* * Physical address zone modifiers (see linux/mmzone.h - low four bits) * * Do not put any conditional on these. If necessary modify the definitions * without the underscores and use them consistently. The definitions here may * be used in bit comparisons. */ #define __GFP_DMA ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA) #define __GFP_HIGHMEM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGHMEM) #define __GFP_DMA32 ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA32) #define __GFP_MOVABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MOVABLE) /* ZONE_MOVABLE allowed */ #define GFP_ZONEMASK (__GFP_DMA|__GFP_HIGHMEM|__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_MOVABLE) /** * DOC: Page mobility and placement hints * * Page mobility and placement hints * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * These flags provide hints about how mobile the page is. Pages with similar * mobility are placed within the same pageblocks to minimise problems due * to external fragmentation. * * %__GFP_MOVABLE (also a zone modifier) indicates that the page can be * moved by page migration during memory compaction or can be reclaimed. * * %__GFP_RECLAIMABLE is used for slab allocations that specify * SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT and whose pages can be freed via shrinkers. * * %__GFP_WRITE indicates the caller intends to dirty the page. Where possible, * these pages will be spread between local zones to avoid all the dirty * pages being in one zone (fair zone allocation policy). * * %__GFP_HARDWALL enforces the cpuset memory allocation policy. * * %__GFP_THISNODE forces the allocation to be satisfied from the requested * node with no fallbacks or placement policy enforcements. * * %__GFP_ACCOUNT causes the allocation to be accounted to kmemcg. */ #define __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RECLAIMABLE) #define __GFP_WRITE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_WRITE) #define __GFP_HARDWALL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HARDWALL) #define __GFP_THISNODE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_THISNODE) #define __GFP_ACCOUNT ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ACCOUNT) /** * DOC: Watermark modifiers * * Watermark modifiers -- controls access to emergency reserves * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * %__GFP_HIGH indicates that the caller is high-priority and that granting * the request is necessary before the system can make forward progress. * For example, creating an IO context to clean pages. * * %__GFP_ATOMIC indicates that the caller cannot reclaim or sleep and is * high priority. Users are typically interrupt handlers. This may be * used in conjunction with %__GFP_HIGH * * %__GFP_MEMALLOC allows access to all memory. This should only be used when * the caller guarantees the allocation will allow more memory to be freed * very shortly e.g. process exiting or swapping. Users either should * be the MM or co-ordinating closely with the VM (e.g. swap over NFS). * Users of this flag have to be extremely careful to not deplete the reserve * completely and implement a throttling mechanism which controls the * consumption of the reserve based on the amount of freed memory. * Usage of a pre-allocated pool (e.g. mempool) should be always considered * before using this flag. * * %__GFP_NOMEMALLOC is used to explicitly forbid access to emergency reserves. * This takes precedence over the %__GFP_MEMALLOC flag if both are set. */ #define __GFP_ATOMIC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ATOMIC) #define __GFP_HIGH ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGH) #define __GFP_MEMALLOC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MEMALLOC) #define __GFP_NOMEMALLOC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOMEMALLOC) /** * DOC: Reclaim modifiers * * Reclaim modifiers * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * Please note that all the following flags are only applicable to sleepable * allocations (e.g. %GFP_NOWAIT and %GFP_ATOMIC will ignore them). * * %__GFP_IO can start physical IO. * * %__GFP_FS can call down to the low-level FS. Clearing the flag avoids the * allocator recursing into the filesystem which might already be holding * locks. * * %__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM indicates that the caller may enter direct reclaim. * This flag can be cleared to avoid unnecessary delays when a fallback * option is available. * * %__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM indicates that the caller wants to wake kswapd when * the low watermark is reached and have it reclaim pages until the high * watermark is reached. A caller may wish to clear this flag when fallback * options are available and the reclaim is likely to disrupt the system. The * canonical example is THP allocation where a fallback is cheap but * reclaim/compaction may cause indirect stalls. * * %__GFP_RECLAIM is shorthand to allow/forbid both direct and kswapd reclaim. * * The default allocator behavior depends on the request size. We have a concept * of so called costly allocations (with order > %PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER). * !costly allocations are too essential to fail so they are implicitly * non-failing by default (with some exceptions like OOM victims might fail so * the caller still has to check for failures) while costly requests try to be * not disruptive and back off even without invoking the OOM killer. * The following three modifiers might be used to override some of these * implicit rules * * %__GFP_NORETRY: The VM implementation will try only very lightweight * memory direct reclaim to get some memory under memory pressure (thus * it can sleep). It will avoid disruptive actions like OOM killer. The * caller must handle the failure which is quite likely to happen under * heavy memory pressure. The flag is suitable when failure can easily be * handled at small cost, such as reduced throughput * * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL: The VM implementation will retry memory reclaim * procedures that have previously failed if there is some indication * that progress has been made else where. It can wait for other * tasks to attempt high level approaches to freeing memory such as * compaction (which removes fragmentation) and page-out. * There is still a definite limit to the number of retries, but it is * a larger limit than with %__GFP_NORETRY. * Allocations with this flag may fail, but only when there is * genuinely little unused memory. While these allocations do not * directly trigger the OOM killer, their failure indicates that * the system is likely to need to use the OOM killer soon. The * caller must handle failure, but can reasonably do so by failing * a higher-level request, or completing it only in a much less * efficient manner. * If the allocation does fail, and the caller is in a position to * free some non-essential memory, doing so could benefit the system * as a whole. * * %__GFP_NOFAIL: The VM implementation _must_ retry infinitely: the caller * cannot handle allocation failures. The allocation could block * indefinitely but will never return with failure. Testing for * failure is pointless. * New users should be evaluated carefully (and the flag should be * used only when there is no reasonable failure policy) but it is * definitely preferable to use the flag rather than opencode endless * loop around allocator. * Using this flag for costly allocations is _highly_ discouraged. */ #define __GFP_IO ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_IO) #define __GFP_FS ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_FS) #define __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) /* Caller can reclaim */ #define __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) /* kswapd can wake */ #define __GFP_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)(___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM|___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM)) #define __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL) #define __GFP_NOFAIL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOFAIL) #define __GFP_NORETRY ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NORETRY) /** * DOC: Action modifiers * * Action modifiers * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * %__GFP_NOWARN suppresses allocation failure reports. * * %__GFP_COMP address compound page metadata. * * %__GFP_ZERO returns a zeroed page on success. */ #define __GFP_NOWARN ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOWARN) #define __GFP_COMP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_COMP) #define __GFP_ZERO ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ZERO) /* Disable lockdep for GFP context tracking */ #define __GFP_NOLOCKDEP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOLOCKDEP) /* Room for N __GFP_FOO bits */ #define __GFP_BITS_SHIFT (23 + IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_LOCKDEP)) #define __GFP_BITS_MASK ((__force gfp_t)((1 << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) - 1)) /** * DOC: Useful GFP flag combinations * * Useful GFP flag combinations * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * Useful GFP flag combinations that are commonly used. It is recommended * that subsystems start with one of these combinations and then set/clear * %__GFP_FOO flags as necessary. * * %GFP_ATOMIC users can not sleep and need the allocation to succeed. A lower * watermark is applied to allow access to "atomic reserves". * The current implementation doesn't support NMI and few other strict * non-preemptive contexts (e.g. raw_spin_lock). The same applies to %GFP_NOWAIT. * * %GFP_KERNEL is typical for kernel-internal allocations. The caller requires * %ZONE_NORMAL or a lower zone for direct access but can direct reclaim. * * %GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT is the same as GFP_KERNEL, except the allocation is * accounted to kmemcg. * * %GFP_NOWAIT is for kernel allocations that should not stall for direct * reclaim, start physical IO or use any filesystem callback. * * %GFP_NOIO will use direct reclaim to discard clean pages or slab pages * that do not require the starting of any physical IO. * Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use * memalloc_noio_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot * perform any IO with a short explanation why. All allocation requests * will inherit GFP_NOIO implicitly. * * %GFP_NOFS will use direct reclaim but will not use any filesystem interfaces. * Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use * memalloc_nofs_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot/shouldn't * recurse into the FS layer with a short explanation why. All allocation * requests will inherit GFP_NOFS implicitly. * * %GFP_USER is for userspace allocations that also need to be directly * accessibly by the kernel or hardware. It is typically used by hardware * for buffers that are mapped to userspace (e.g. graphics) that hardware * still must DMA to. cpuset limits are enforced for these allocations. * * %GFP_DMA exists for historical reasons and should be avoided where possible. * The flags indicates that the caller requires that the lowest zone be * used (%ZONE_DMA or 16M on x86-64). Ideally, this would be removed but * it would require careful auditing as some users really require it and * others use the flag to avoid lowmem reserves in %ZONE_DMA and treat the * lowest zone as a type of emergency reserve. * * %GFP_DMA32 is similar to %GFP_DMA except that the caller requires a 32-bit * address. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER is for userspace allocations that may be mapped to userspace, * do not need to be directly accessible by the kernel but that cannot * move once in use. An example may be a hardware allocation that maps * data directly into userspace but has no addressing limitations. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE is for userspace allocations that the kernel does not * need direct access to but can use kmap() when access is required. They * are expected to be movable via page reclaim or page migration. Typically, * pages on the LRU would also be allocated with %GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE. * * %GFP_TRANSHUGE and %GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT are used for THP allocations. They * are compound allocations that will generally fail quickly if memory is not * available and will not wake kswapd/kcompactd on failure. The _LIGHT * version does not attempt reclaim/compaction at all and is by default used * in page fault path, while the non-light is used by khugepaged. */ #define GFP_ATOMIC (__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_ATOMIC|__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) #define GFP_KERNEL (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS) #define GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ACCOUNT) #define GFP_NOWAIT (__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) #define GFP_NOIO (__GFP_RECLAIM) #define GFP_NOFS (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO) #define GFP_USER (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS | __GFP_HARDWALL) #define GFP_DMA __GFP_DMA #define GFP_DMA32 __GFP_DMA32 #define GFP_HIGHUSER (GFP_USER | __GFP_HIGHMEM) #define GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE (GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_MOVABLE) #define GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT ((GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_COMP | \ __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN) & ~__GFP_RECLAIM) #define GFP_TRANSHUGE (GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT | __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) /* Convert GFP flags to their corresponding migrate type */ #define GFP_MOVABLE_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIMABLE|__GFP_MOVABLE) #define GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT 3 static inline int gfp_migratetype(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { VM_WARN_ON((gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) == GFP_MOVABLE_MASK); BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT) != ___GFP_MOVABLE); BUILD_BUG_ON((___GFP_MOVABLE >> GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT) != MIGRATE_MOVABLE); if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled)) return MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE; /* Group based on mobility */ return (gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) >> GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT; } #undef GFP_MOVABLE_MASK #undef GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT static inline bool gfpflags_allow_blocking(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { return !!(gfp_flags & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM); } /** * gfpflags_normal_context - is gfp_flags a normal sleepable context? * @gfp_flags: gfp_flags to test * * Test whether @gfp_flags indicates that the allocation is from the * %current context and allowed to sleep. * * An allocation being allowed to block doesn't mean it owns the %current * context. When direct reclaim path tries to allocate memory, the * allocation context is nested inside whatever %current was doing at the * time of the original allocation. The nested allocation may be allowed * to block but modifying anything %current owns can corrupt the outer * context's expectations. * * %true result from this function indicates that the allocation context * can sleep and use anything that's associated with %current. */ static inline bool gfpflags_normal_context(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { return (gfp_flags & (__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM | __GFP_MEMALLOC)) == __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM; } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM #define OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM ZONE_HIGHMEM #else #define OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM ZONE_NORMAL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA #define OPT_ZONE_DMA ZONE_DMA #else #define OPT_ZONE_DMA ZONE_NORMAL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_DMA32 #else #define OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_NORMAL #endif /* * GFP_ZONE_TABLE is a word size bitstring that is used for looking up the * zone to use given the lowest 4 bits of gfp_t. Entries are GFP_ZONES_SHIFT * bits long and there are 16 of them to cover all possible combinations of * __GFP_DMA, __GFP_DMA32, __GFP_MOVABLE and __GFP_HIGHMEM. * * The zone fallback order is MOVABLE=>HIGHMEM=>NORMAL=>DMA32=>DMA. * But GFP_MOVABLE is not only a zone specifier but also an allocation * policy. Therefore __GFP_MOVABLE plus another zone selector is valid. * Only 1 bit of the lowest 3 bits (DMA,DMA32,HIGHMEM) can be set to "1". * * bit result * ================= * 0x0 => NORMAL * 0x1 => DMA or NORMAL * 0x2 => HIGHMEM or NORMAL * 0x3 => BAD (DMA+HIGHMEM) * 0x4 => DMA32 or NORMAL * 0x5 => BAD (DMA+DMA32) * 0x6 => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32) * 0x7 => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32+DMA) * 0x8 => NORMAL (MOVABLE+0) * 0x9 => DMA or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA) * 0xa => MOVABLE (Movable is valid only if HIGHMEM is set too) * 0xb => BAD (MOVABLE+HIGHMEM+DMA) * 0xc => DMA32 or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA32) * 0xd => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+DMA) * 0xe => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM) * 0xf => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM+DMA) * * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT must be <= 2 on 32 bit platforms. */ #if defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) && (MAX_NR_ZONES-1) <= 4 /* ZONE_DEVICE is not a valid GFP zone specifier */ #define GFP_ZONES_SHIFT 2 #else #define GFP_ZONES_SHIFT ZONES_SHIFT #endif #if 16 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT > BITS_PER_LONG #error GFP_ZONES_SHIFT too large to create GFP_ZONE_TABLE integer #endif #define GFP_ZONE_TABLE ( \ (ZONE_NORMAL << 0 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA << ___GFP_DMA * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM << ___GFP_HIGHMEM * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA32 << ___GFP_DMA32 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (ZONE_NORMAL << ___GFP_MOVABLE * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (ZONE_MOVABLE << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)\ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA32 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)\ ) /* * GFP_ZONE_BAD is a bitmap for all combinations of __GFP_DMA, __GFP_DMA32 * __GFP_HIGHMEM and __GFP_MOVABLE that are not permitted. One flag per * entry starting with bit 0. Bit is set if the combination is not * allowed. */ #define GFP_ZONE_BAD ( \ 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_HIGHMEM | ___GFP_DMA) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ ) static inline enum zone_type gfp_zone(gfp_t flags) { enum zone_type z; int bit = (__force int) (flags & GFP_ZONEMASK); z = (GFP_ZONE_TABLE >> (bit * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)) & ((1 << GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) - 1); VM_BUG_ON((GFP_ZONE_BAD >> bit) & 1); return z; } /* * There is only one page-allocator function, and two main namespaces to * it. The alloc_page*() variants return 'struct page *' and as such * can allocate highmem pages, the *get*page*() variants return * virtual kernel addresses to the allocated page(s). */ static inline int gfp_zonelist(gfp_t flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA if (unlikely(flags & __GFP_THISNODE)) return ZONELIST_NOFALLBACK; #endif return ZONELIST_FALLBACK; } /* * We get the zone list from the current node and the gfp_mask. * This zone list contains a maximum of MAXNODES*MAX_NR_ZONES zones. * There are two zonelists per node, one for all zones with memory and * one containing just zones from the node the zonelist belongs to. * * For the normal case of non-DISCONTIGMEM systems the NODE_DATA() gets * optimized to &contig_page_data at compile-time. */ static inline struct zonelist *node_zonelist(int nid, gfp_t flags) { return NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists + gfp_zonelist(flags); } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_FREE_PAGE static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, int order) { } #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_PAGE static inline void arch_alloc_page(struct page *page, int order) { } #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_MAKE_PAGE_ACCESSIBLE static inline int arch_make_page_accessible(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif struct page * __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid, nodemask_t *nodemask); static inline struct page * __alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid) { return __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_mask, order, preferred_nid, NULL); } /* * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. The node must be valid and * online. For more general interface, see alloc_pages_node(). */ static inline struct page * __alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { VM_BUG_ON(nid < 0 || nid >= MAX_NUMNODES); VM_WARN_ON((gfp_mask & __GFP_THISNODE) && !node_online(nid)); return __alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order, nid); } /* * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. When nid == NUMA_NO_NODE, * prefer the current CPU's closest node. Otherwise node must be valid and * online. */ static inline struct page *alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) nid = numa_mem_id(); return __alloc_pages_node(nid, gfp_mask, order); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned order); static inline struct page * alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { return alloc_pages_current(gfp_mask, order); } extern struct page *alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp_mask, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage); #define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order) \ alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), true) #else static inline struct page *alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { return alloc_pages_node(numa_node_id(), gfp_mask, order); } #define alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, node, false)\ alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order) #define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order) \ alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order) #endif #define alloc_page(gfp_mask) alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0) #define alloc_page_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr) \ alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, 0, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), false) extern unsigned long __get_free_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order); extern unsigned long get_zeroed_page(gfp_t gfp_mask); void *alloc_pages_exact(size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask); void free_pages_exact(void *virt, size_t size); void * __meminit alloc_pages_exact_nid(int nid, size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask); #define __get_free_page(gfp_mask) \ __get_free_pages((gfp_mask), 0) #define __get_dma_pages(gfp_mask, order) \ __get_free_pages((gfp_mask) | GFP_DMA, (order)) extern void __free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void free_pages(unsigned long addr, unsigned int order); extern void free_unref_page(struct page *page); extern void free_unref_page_list(struct list_head *list); struct page_frag_cache; extern void __page_frag_cache_drain(struct page *page, unsigned int count); extern void *page_frag_alloc(struct page_frag_cache *nc, unsigned int fragsz, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void page_frag_free(void *addr); #define __free_page(page) __free_pages((page), 0) #define free_page(addr) free_pages((addr), 0) void page_alloc_init(void); void drain_zone_pages(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pages *pcp); void drain_all_pages(struct zone *zone); void drain_local_pages(struct zone *zone); void page_alloc_init_late(void); /* * gfp_allowed_mask is set to GFP_BOOT_MASK during early boot to restrict what * GFP flags are used before interrupts are enabled. Once interrupts are * enabled, it is set to __GFP_BITS_MASK while the system is running. During * hibernation, it is used by PM to avoid I/O during memory allocation while * devices are suspended. */ extern gfp_t gfp_allowed_mask; /* Returns true if the gfp_mask allows use of ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK */ bool gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed(gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void pm_restrict_gfp_mask(void); extern void pm_restore_gfp_mask(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP extern bool pm_suspended_storage(void); #else static inline bool pm_suspended_storage(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ #ifdef CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC /* The below functions must be run on a range from a single zone. */ extern int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned migratetype, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern struct page *alloc_contig_pages(unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nodemask); #endif void free_contig_range(unsigned long pfn, unsigned int nr_pages); #ifdef CONFIG_CMA /* CMA stuff */ extern void init_cma_reserved_pageblock(struct page *page); #endif #endif /* __LINUX_GFP_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_LOCAL_LOCK_H # error "Do not include directly, include linux/local_lock.h" #endif #include <linux/percpu-defs.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; struct task_struct *owner; #endif } local_lock_t; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define LOCAL_LOCK_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { \ .name = #lockname, \ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_CONFIG, \ .lock_type = LD_LOCK_PERCPU, \ }, \ .owner = NULL, static inline void local_lock_acquire(local_lock_t *l) { lock_map_acquire(&l->dep_map); DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(l->owner); l->owner = current; } static inline void local_lock_release(local_lock_t *l) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(l->owner != current); l->owner = NULL; lock_map_release(&l->dep_map); } static inline void local_lock_debug_init(local_lock_t *l) { l->owner = NULL; } #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ # define LOCAL_LOCK_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) static inline void local_lock_acquire(local_lock_t *l) { } static inline void local_lock_release(local_lock_t *l) { } static inline void local_lock_debug_init(local_lock_t *l) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ #define INIT_LOCAL_LOCK(lockname) { LOCAL_LOCK_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) } #define __local_lock_init(lock) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)lock, sizeof(*lock));\ lockdep_init_map_type(&(lock)->dep_map, #lock, &__key, \ 0, LD_WAIT_CONFIG, LD_WAIT_INV, \ LD_LOCK_PERCPU); \ local_lock_debug_init(lock); \ } while (0) #define __local_lock(lock) \ do { \ preempt_disable(); \ local_lock_acquire(this_cpu_ptr(lock)); \ } while (0) #define __local_lock_irq(lock) \ do { \ local_irq_disable(); \ local_lock_acquire(this_cpu_ptr(lock)); \ } while (0) #define __local_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ local_irq_save(flags); \ local_lock_acquire(this_cpu_ptr(lock)); \ } while (0) #define __local_unlock(lock) \ do { \ local_lock_release(this_cpu_ptr(lock)); \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) #define __local_unlock_irq(lock) \ do { \ local_lock_release(this_cpu_ptr(lock)); \ local_irq_enable(); \ } while (0) #define __local_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags) \ do { \ local_lock_release(this_cpu_ptr(lock)); \ local_irq_restore(flags); \ } while (0)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #define __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/netfilter_defs.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> static inline int NF_DROP_GETERR(int verdict) { return -(verdict >> NF_VERDICT_QBITS); } static inline int nf_inet_addr_cmp(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, const union nf_inet_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return ((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) | (ul1[1] ^ ul2[1])) == 0UL; #else return a1->all[0] == a2->all[0] && a1->all[1] == a2->all[1] && a1->all[2] == a2->all[2] && a1->all[3] == a2->all[3]; #endif } static inline void nf_inet_addr_mask(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, union nf_inet_addr *result, const union nf_inet_addr *mask) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ua = (const unsigned long *)a1; unsigned long *ur = (unsigned long *)result; const unsigned long *um = (const unsigned long *)mask; ur[0] = ua[0] & um[0]; ur[1] = ua[1] & um[1]; #else result->all[0] = a1->all[0] & mask->all[0]; result->all[1] = a1->all[1] & mask->all[1]; result->all[2] = a1->all[2] & mask->all[2]; result->all[3] = a1->all[3] & mask->all[3]; #endif } int netfilter_init(void); struct sk_buff; struct nf_hook_ops; struct sock; struct nf_hook_state { unsigned int hook; u_int8_t pf; struct net_device *in; struct net_device *out; struct sock *sk; struct net *net; int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *); }; typedef unsigned int nf_hookfn(void *priv, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nf_hook_state *state); struct nf_hook_ops { /* User fills in from here down. */ nf_hookfn *hook; struct net_device *dev; void *priv; u_int8_t pf; unsigned int hooknum; /* Hooks are ordered in ascending priority. */ int priority; }; struct nf_hook_entry { nf_hookfn *hook; void *priv; }; struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head { struct rcu_head head; void *allocation; }; struct nf_hook_entries { u16 num_hook_entries; /* padding */ struct nf_hook_entry hooks[]; /* trailer: pointers to original orig_ops of each hook, * followed by rcu_head and scratch space used for freeing * the structure via call_rcu. * * This is not part of struct nf_hook_entry since its only * needed in slow path (hook register/unregister): * const struct nf_hook_ops *orig_ops[] * * For the same reason, we store this at end -- its * only needed when a hook is deleted, not during * packet path processing: * struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head head */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER static inline struct nf_hook_ops **nf_hook_entries_get_hook_ops(const struct nf_hook_entries *e) { unsigned int n = e->num_hook_entries; const void *hook_end; hook_end = &e->hooks[n]; /* this is *past* ->hooks[]! */ return (struct nf_hook_ops **)hook_end; } static inline int nf_hook_entry_hookfn(const struct nf_hook_entry *entry, struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state) { return entry->hook(entry->priv, skb, state); } static inline void nf_hook_state_init(struct nf_hook_state *p, unsigned int hook, u_int8_t pf, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, struct sock *sk, struct net *net, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { p->hook = hook; p->pf = pf; p->in = indev; p->out = outdev; p->sk = sk; p->net = net; p->okfn = okfn; } struct nf_sockopt_ops { struct list_head list; u_int8_t pf; /* Non-inclusive ranges: use 0/0/NULL to never get called. */ int set_optmin; int set_optmax; int (*set)(struct sock *sk, int optval, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len); int get_optmin; int get_optmax; int (*get)(struct sock *sk, int optval, void __user *user, int *len); /* Use the module struct to lock set/get code in place */ struct module *owner; }; /* Function to register/unregister hook points. */ int nf_register_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); void nf_unregister_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); int nf_register_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); void nf_unregister_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); /* Functions to register get/setsockopt ranges (non-inclusive). You need to check permissions yourself! */ int nf_register_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); void nf_unregister_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL extern struct static_key nf_hooks_needed[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO][NF_MAX_HOOKS]; #endif int nf_hook_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e, unsigned int i); void nf_hook_slow_list(struct list_head *head, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e); /** * nf_hook - call a netfilter hook * * Returns 1 if the hook has allowed the packet to pass. The function * okfn must be invoked by the caller in this case. Any other return * value indicates the packet has been consumed by the hook. */ static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; int ret = 1; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return 1; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_ARP: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_ARP if (WARN_ON_ONCE(hook >= ARRAY_SIZE(net->nf.hooks_arp))) break; hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_arp[hook]); #endif break; case NFPROTO_BRIDGE: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_BRIDGE hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_bridge[hook]); #endif break; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DECNET) case NFPROTO_DECNET: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_decnet[hook]); break; #endif default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, indev, outdev, sk, net, okfn); ret = nf_hook_slow(skb, &state, hook_head, 0); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* Activate hook; either okfn or kfree_skb called, unless a hook returns NF_STOLEN (in which case, it's up to the hook to deal with the consequences). Returns -ERRNO if packet dropped. Zero means queued, stolen or accepted. */ /* RR: > I don't want nf_hook to return anything because people might forget > about async and trust the return value to mean "packet was ok". AK: Just document it clearly, then you can expect some sense from kernel coders :) */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { int ret; if (!cond || ((ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn)) == 1)) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { int ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn); if (ret == 1) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, in, out, sk, net, okfn); nf_hook_slow_list(head, &state, hook_head); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Call setsockopt() */ int nf_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, sockptr_t opt, unsigned int len); int nf_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, char __user *opt, int *len); struct flowi; struct nf_queue_entry; __sum16 nf_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); __sum16 nf_checksum_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, unsigned int len, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); int nf_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry **dst, struct flowi *fl, bool strict, unsigned short family); int nf_reroute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_queue_entry *entry); #include <net/flow.h> struct nf_conn; enum nf_nat_manip_type; struct nlattr; enum ip_conntrack_dir; struct nf_nat_hook { int (*parse_nat_setup)(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type manip, const struct nlattr *attr); void (*decode_session)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); unsigned int (*manip_pkt)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type mtype, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir); }; extern struct nf_nat_hook __rcu *nf_nat_hook; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct nf_nat_hook *nat_hook; rcu_read_lock(); nat_hook = rcu_dereference(nf_nat_hook); if (nat_hook && nat_hook->decode_session) nat_hook->decode_session(skb, fl); rcu_read_unlock(); #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_NETFILTER */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { /* nothing to do */ } static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return 1; } struct flowi; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { } #endif /*CONFIG_NETFILTER*/ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> extern void (*ip_ct_attach)(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *) __rcu; void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *); struct nf_conntrack_tuple; bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *new, struct sk_buff *skb) {} struct nf_conntrack_tuple; static inline bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif struct nf_conn; enum ip_conntrack_info; struct nf_ct_hook { int (*update)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*destroy)(struct nf_conntrack *); bool (*get_tuple_skb)(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *, const struct sk_buff *); }; extern struct nf_ct_hook __rcu *nf_ct_hook; struct nlattr; struct nfnl_ct_hook { struct nf_conn *(*get_ct)(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo); size_t (*build_size)(const struct nf_conn *ct); int (*build)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, u_int16_t ct_attr, u_int16_t ct_info_attr); int (*parse)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct); int (*attach_expect)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct, u32 portid, u32 report); void (*seq_adjust)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, s32 off); }; extern struct nfnl_ct_hook __rcu *nfnl_ct_hook; /** * nf_skb_duplicated - TEE target has sent a packet * * When a xtables target sends a packet, the OUTPUT and POSTROUTING * hooks are traversed again, i.e. nft and xtables are invoked recursively. * * This is used by xtables TEE target to prevent the duplicated skb from * being duplicated again. */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, nf_skb_duplicated); #endif /*__LINUX_NETFILTER_H*/
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/proc/net.c * * Copyright (C) 2007 * * Author: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> * * proc net directory handling functions */ #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include "internal.h" static inline struct net *PDE_NET(struct proc_dir_entry *pde) { return pde->parent->data; } static struct net *get_proc_net(const struct inode *inode) { return maybe_get_net(PDE_NET(PDE(inode))); } static int seq_open_net(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { unsigned int state_size = PDE(inode)->state_size; struct seq_net_private *p; struct net *net; WARN_ON_ONCE(state_size < sizeof(*p)); if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE && !PDE(inode)->write) return -EACCES; net = get_proc_net(inode); if (!net) return -ENXIO; p = __seq_open_private(file, PDE(inode)->seq_ops, state_size); if (!p) { put_net(net); return -ENOMEM; } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS p->net = net; #endif return 0; } static int seq_release_net(struct inode *ino, struct file *f) { struct seq_file *seq = f->private_data; put_net(seq_file_net(seq)); seq_release_private(ino, f); return 0; } static const struct proc_ops proc_net_seq_ops = { .proc_open = seq_open_net, .proc_read = seq_read, .proc_write = proc_simple_write, .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, .proc_release = seq_release_net, }; int bpf_iter_init_seq_net(void *priv_data, struct bpf_iter_aux_info *aux) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct seq_net_private *p = priv_data; p->net = get_net(current->nsproxy->net_ns); #endif return 0; } void bpf_iter_fini_seq_net(void *priv_data) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct seq_net_private *p = priv_data; put_net(p->net); #endif } struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data) { struct proc_dir_entry *p; p = proc_create_reg(name, mode, &parent, data); if (!p) return NULL; pde_force_lookup(p); p->proc_ops = &proc_net_seq_ops; p->seq_ops = ops; p->state_size = state_size; return proc_register(parent, p); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(proc_create_net_data); /** * proc_create_net_data_write - Create a writable net_ns-specific proc file * @name: The name of the file. * @mode: The file's access mode. * @parent: The parent directory in which to create. * @ops: The seq_file ops with which to read the file. * @write: The write method which which to 'modify' the file. * @data: Data for retrieval by PDE_DATA(). * * Create a network namespaced proc file in the @parent directory with the * specified @name and @mode that allows reading of a file that displays a * series of elements and also provides for the file accepting writes that have * some arbitrary effect. * * The functions in the @ops table are used to iterate over items to be * presented and extract the readable content using the seq_file interface. * * The @write function is called with the data copied into a kernel space * scratch buffer and has a NUL appended for convenience. The buffer may be * modified by the @write function. @write should return 0 on success. * * The @data value is accessible from the @show and @write functions by calling * PDE_DATA() on the file inode. The network namespace must be accessed by * calling seq_file_net() on the seq_file struct. */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, proc_write_t write, unsigned int state_size, void *data) { struct proc_dir_entry *p; p = proc_create_reg(name, mode, &parent, data); if (!p) return NULL; pde_force_lookup(p); p->proc_ops = &proc_net_seq_ops; p->seq_ops = ops; p->state_size = state_size; p->write = write; return proc_register(parent, p); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(proc_create_net_data_write); static int single_open_net(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct proc_dir_entry *de = PDE(inode); struct net *net; int err; net = get_proc_net(inode); if (!net) return -ENXIO; err = single_open(file, de->single_show, net); if (err) put_net(net); return err; } static int single_release_net(struct inode *ino, struct file *f) { struct seq_file *seq = f->private_data; put_net(seq->private); return single_release(ino, f); } static const struct proc_ops proc_net_single_ops = { .proc_open = single_open_net, .proc_read = seq_read, .proc_write = proc_simple_write, .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, .proc_release = single_release_net, }; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data) { struct proc_dir_entry *p; p = proc_create_reg(name, mode, &parent, data); if (!p) return NULL; pde_force_lookup(p); p->proc_ops = &proc_net_single_ops; p->single_show = show; return proc_register(parent, p); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(proc_create_net_single); /** * proc_create_net_single_write - Create a writable net_ns-specific proc file * @name: The name of the file. * @mode: The file's access mode. * @parent: The parent directory in which to create. * @show: The seqfile show method with which to read the file. * @write: The write method which which to 'modify' the file. * @data: Data for retrieval by PDE_DATA(). * * Create a network-namespaced proc file in the @parent directory with the * specified @name and @mode that allows reading of a file that displays a * single element rather than a series and also provides for the file accepting * writes that have some arbitrary effect. * * The @show function is called to extract the readable content via the * seq_file interface. * * The @write function is called with the data copied into a kernel space * scratch buffer and has a NUL appended for convenience. The buffer may be * modified by the @write function. @write should return 0 on success. * * The @data value is accessible from the @show and @write functions by calling * PDE_DATA() on the file inode. The network namespace must be accessed by * calling seq_file_single_net() on the seq_file struct. */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), proc_write_t write, void *data) { struct proc_dir_entry *p; p = proc_create_reg(name, mode, &parent, data); if (!p) return NULL; pde_force_lookup(p); p->proc_ops = &proc_net_single_ops; p->single_show = show; p->write = write; return proc_register(parent, p); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(proc_create_net_single_write); static struct net *get_proc_task_net(struct inode *dir) { struct task_struct *task; struct nsproxy *ns; struct net *net = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); task = pid_task(proc_pid(dir), PIDTYPE_PID); if (task != NULL) { task_lock(task); ns = task->nsproxy; if (ns != NULL) net = get_net(ns->net_ns); task_unlock(task); } rcu_read_unlock(); return net; } static struct dentry *proc_tgid_net_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *de; struct net *net; de = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); net = get_proc_task_net(dir); if (net != NULL) { de = proc_lookup_de(dir, dentry, net->proc_net); put_net(net); } return de; } static int proc_tgid_net_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); struct net *net; net = get_proc_task_net(inode); generic_fillattr(inode, stat); if (net != NULL) { stat->nlink = net->proc_net->nlink; put_net(net); } return 0; } const struct inode_operations proc_net_inode_operations = { .lookup = proc_tgid_net_lookup, .getattr = proc_tgid_net_getattr, }; static int proc_tgid_net_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { int ret; struct net *net; ret = -EINVAL; net = get_proc_task_net(file_inode(file)); if (net != NULL) { ret = proc_readdir_de(file, ctx, net->proc_net); put_net(net); } return ret; } const struct file_operations proc_net_operations = { .llseek = generic_file_llseek, .read = generic_read_dir, .iterate_shared = proc_tgid_net_readdir, }; static __net_init int proc_net_ns_init(struct net *net) { struct proc_dir_entry *netd, *net_statd; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; int err; err = -ENOMEM; netd = kmem_cache_zalloc(proc_dir_entry_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!netd) goto out; netd->subdir = RB_ROOT; netd->data = net; netd->nlink = 2; netd->namelen = 3; netd->parent = &proc_root; netd->name = netd->inline_name; memcpy(netd->name, "net", 4); uid = make_kuid(net->user_ns, 0); if (!uid_valid(uid)) uid = netd->uid; gid = make_kgid(net->user_ns, 0); if (!gid_valid(gid)) gid = netd->gid; proc_set_user(netd, uid, gid); err = -EEXIST; net_statd = proc_net_mkdir(net, "stat", netd); if (!net_statd) goto free_net; net->proc_net = netd; net->proc_net_stat = net_statd; return 0; free_net: pde_free(netd); out: return err; } static __net_exit void proc_net_ns_exit(struct net *net) { remove_proc_entry("stat", net->proc_net); pde_free(net->proc_net); } static struct pernet_operations __net_initdata proc_net_ns_ops = { .init = proc_net_ns_init, .exit = proc_net_ns_exit, }; int __init proc_net_init(void) { proc_symlink("net", NULL, "self/net"); return register_pernet_subsys(&proc_net_ns_ops); }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Tracing hooks * * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * This file defines hook entry points called by core code where * user tracing/debugging support might need to do something. These * entry points are called tracehook_*(). Each hook declared below * has a detailed kerneldoc comment giving the context (locking et * al) from which it is called, and the meaning of its return value. * * Each function here typically has only one call site, so it is ok * to have some nontrivial tracehook_*() inlines. In all cases, the * fast path when no tracing is enabled should be very short. * * The purpose of this file and the tracehook_* layer is to consolidate * the interface that the kernel core and arch code uses to enable any * user debugging or tracing facility (such as ptrace). The interfaces * here are carefully documented so that maintainers of core and arch * code do not need to think about the implementation details of the * tracing facilities. Likewise, maintainers of the tracing code do not * need to understand all the calling core or arch code in detail, just * documented circumstances of each call, such as locking conditions. * * If the calling core code changes so that locking is different, then * it is ok to change the interface documented here. The maintainer of * core code changing should notify the maintainers of the tracing code * that they need to work out the change. * * Some tracehook_*() inlines take arguments that the current tracing * implementations might not necessarily use. These function signatures * are chosen to pass in all the information that is on hand in the * caller and might conceivably be relevant to a tracer, so that the * core code won't have to be updated when tracing adds more features. * If a call site changes so that some of those parameters are no longer * already on hand without extra work, then the tracehook_* interface * can change so there is no make-work burden on the core code. The * maintainer of core code changing should notify the maintainers of the * tracing code that they need to work out the change. */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H #define _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> struct linux_binprm; /* * ptrace report for syscall entry and exit looks identical. */ static inline int ptrace_report_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long message) { int ptrace = current->ptrace; if (!(ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) return 0; current->ptrace_message = message; ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP | ((ptrace & PT_TRACESYSGOOD) ? 0x80 : 0)); /* * this isn't the same as continuing with a signal, but it will do * for normal use. strace only continues with a signal if the * stopping signal is not SIGTRAP. -brl */ if (current->exit_code) { send_sig(current->exit_code, current, 1); current->exit_code = 0; } current->ptrace_message = 0; return fatal_signal_pending(current); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_entry - task is about to attempt a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_EMU have been set, * when the current task has just entered the kernel for a system call. * Full user register state is available here. Changing the values * in @regs can affect the system call number and arguments to be tried. * It is safe to block here, preventing the system call from beginning. * * Returns zero normally, or nonzero if the calling arch code should abort * the system call. That must prevent normal entry so no system call is * made. If @task ever returns to user mode after this, its register state * is unspecified, but should be something harmless like an %ENOSYS error * return. It should preserve enough information so that syscall_rollback() * can work (see asm-generic/syscall.h). * * Called without locks, just after entering kernel mode. */ static inline __must_check int tracehook_report_syscall_entry( struct pt_regs *regs) { return ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_exit - task has just finished a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * @step: nonzero if simulating single-step or block-step * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE has been set, when the * current task has just finished an attempted system call. Full * user register state is available here. It is safe to block here, * preventing signals from being processed. * * If @step is nonzero, this report is also in lieu of the normal * trap that would follow the system call instruction because * user_enable_block_step() or user_enable_single_step() was used. * In this case, %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE might not be set. * * Called without locks, just before checking for pending signals. */ static inline void tracehook_report_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, int step) { if (step) user_single_step_report(regs); else ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT); } /** * tracehook_signal_handler - signal handler setup is complete * @stepping: nonzero if debugger single-step or block-step in use * * Called by the arch code after a signal handler has been set up. * Register and stack state reflects the user handler about to run. * Signal mask changes have already been made. * * Called without locks, shortly before returning to user mode * (or handling more signals). */ static inline void tracehook_signal_handler(int stepping) { if (stepping) ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP); } /** * set_notify_resume - cause tracehook_notify_resume() to be called * @task: task that will call tracehook_notify_resume() * * Calling this arranges that @task will call tracehook_notify_resume() * before returning to user mode. If it's already running in user mode, * it will enter the kernel and call tracehook_notify_resume() soon. * If it's blocked, it will not be woken. */ static inline void set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME if (!test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)) kick_process(task); #endif } /** * tracehook_notify_resume - report when about to return to user mode * @regs: user-mode registers of @current task * * This is called when %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME has been set. Now we are * about to return to user mode, and the user state in @regs can be * inspected or adjusted. The caller in arch code has cleared * %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME before the call. If the flag gets set again * asynchronously, this will be called again before we return to * user mode. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void tracehook_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); /* * This barrier pairs with task_work_add()->set_notify_resume() after * hlist_add_head(task->task_works); */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); if (unlikely(current->task_works)) task_work_run(); #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS_REQUEST_CACHE if (unlikely(current->cached_requested_key)) { key_put(current->cached_requested_key); current->cached_requested_key = NULL; } #endif mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(); blkcg_maybe_throttle_current(); } #endif /* <linux/tracehook.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Traceprobe fetch helper inlines */ static nokprobe_inline void fetch_store_raw(unsigned long val, struct fetch_insn *code, void *buf) { switch (code->size) { case 1: *(u8 *)buf = (u8)val; break; case 2: *(u16 *)buf = (u16)val; break; case 4: *(u32 *)buf = (u32)val; break; case 8: //TBD: 32bit signed *(u64 *)buf = (u64)val; break; default: *(unsigned long *)buf = val; } } static nokprobe_inline void fetch_apply_bitfield(struct fetch_insn *code, void *buf) { switch (code->basesize) { case 1: *(u8 *)buf <<= code->lshift; *(u8 *)buf >>= code->rshift; break; case 2: *(u16 *)buf <<= code->lshift; *(u16 *)buf >>= code->rshift; break; case 4: *(u32 *)buf <<= code->lshift; *(u32 *)buf >>= code->rshift; break; case 8: *(u64 *)buf <<= code->lshift; *(u64 *)buf >>= code->rshift; break; } } /* * These functions must be defined for each callsite. * Return consumed dynamic data size (>= 0), or error (< 0). * If dest is NULL, don't store result and return required dynamic data size. */ static int process_fetch_insn(struct fetch_insn *code, struct pt_regs *regs, void *dest, void *base); static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_strlen(unsigned long addr); static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_string(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base); static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_strlen_user(unsigned long addr); static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_string_user(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base); static nokprobe_inline int probe_mem_read(void *dest, void *src, size_t size); static nokprobe_inline int probe_mem_read_user(void *dest, void *src, size_t size); /* From the 2nd stage, routine is same */ static nokprobe_inline int process_fetch_insn_bottom(struct fetch_insn *code, unsigned long val, void *dest, void *base) { struct fetch_insn *s3 = NULL; int total = 0, ret = 0, i = 0; u32 loc = 0; unsigned long lval = val; stage2: /* 2nd stage: dereference memory if needed */ do { if (code->op == FETCH_OP_DEREF) { lval = val; ret = probe_mem_read(&val, (void *)val + code->offset, sizeof(val)); } else if (code->op == FETCH_OP_UDEREF) { lval = val; ret = probe_mem_read_user(&val, (void *)val + code->offset, sizeof(val)); } else break; if (ret) return ret; code++; } while (1); s3 = code; stage3: /* 3rd stage: store value to buffer */ if (unlikely(!dest)) { if (code->op == FETCH_OP_ST_STRING) { ret = fetch_store_strlen(val + code->offset); code++; goto array; } else if (code->op == FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING) { ret += fetch_store_strlen_user(val + code->offset); code++; goto array; } else return -EILSEQ; } switch (code->op) { case FETCH_OP_ST_RAW: fetch_store_raw(val, code, dest); break; case FETCH_OP_ST_MEM: probe_mem_read(dest, (void *)val + code->offset, code->size); break; case FETCH_OP_ST_UMEM: probe_mem_read_user(dest, (void *)val + code->offset, code->size); break; case FETCH_OP_ST_STRING: loc = *(u32 *)dest; ret = fetch_store_string(val + code->offset, dest, base); break; case FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING: loc = *(u32 *)dest; ret = fetch_store_string_user(val + code->offset, dest, base); break; default: return -EILSEQ; } code++; /* 4th stage: modify stored value if needed */ if (code->op == FETCH_OP_MOD_BF) { fetch_apply_bitfield(code, dest); code++; } array: /* the last stage: Loop on array */ if (code->op == FETCH_OP_LP_ARRAY) { total += ret; if (++i < code->param) { code = s3; if (s3->op != FETCH_OP_ST_STRING && s3->op != FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING) { dest += s3->size; val += s3->size; goto stage3; } code--; val = lval + sizeof(char *); if (dest) { dest += sizeof(u32); *(u32 *)dest = update_data_loc(loc, ret); } goto stage2; } code++; ret = total; } return code->op == FETCH_OP_END ? ret : -EILSEQ; } /* Sum up total data length for dynamic arraies (strings) */ static nokprobe_inline int __get_data_size(struct trace_probe *tp, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct probe_arg *arg; int i, len, ret = 0; for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++) { arg = tp->args + i; if (unlikely(arg->dynamic)) { len = process_fetch_insn(arg->code, regs, NULL, NULL); if (len > 0) ret += len; } } return ret; } /* Store the value of each argument */ static nokprobe_inline void store_trace_args(void *data, struct trace_probe *tp, struct pt_regs *regs, int header_size, int maxlen) { struct probe_arg *arg; void *base = data - header_size; void *dyndata = data + tp->size; u32 *dl; /* Data location */ int ret, i; for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++) { arg = tp->args + i; dl = data + arg->offset; /* Point the dynamic data area if needed */ if (unlikely(arg->dynamic)) *dl = make_data_loc(maxlen, dyndata - base); ret = process_fetch_insn(arg->code, regs, dl, base); if (unlikely(ret < 0 && arg->dynamic)) { *dl = make_data_loc(0, dyndata - base); } else { dyndata += ret; maxlen -= ret; } } } static inline int print_probe_args(struct trace_seq *s, struct probe_arg *args, int nr_args, u8 *data, void *field) { void *p; int i, j; for (i = 0; i < nr_args; i++) { struct probe_arg *a = args + i; trace_seq_printf(s, " %s=", a->name); if (likely(!a->count)) { if (!a->type->print(s, data + a->offset, field)) return -ENOMEM; continue; } trace_seq_putc(s, '{'); p = data + a->offset; for (j = 0; j < a->count; j++) { if (!a->type->print(s, p, field)) return -ENOMEM; trace_seq_putc(s, j == a->count - 1 ? '}' : ','); p += a->type->size; } } return 0; }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _LINUX_KPROBES_H #define _LINUX_KPROBES_H /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * include/linux/kprobes.h * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation ( includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com> and Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <asm/kprobes.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES /* kprobe_status settings */ #define KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE 0x00000001 #define KPROBE_HIT_SS 0x00000002 #define KPROBE_REENTER 0x00000004 #define KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE 0x00000008 #else /* CONFIG_KPROBES */ #include <asm-generic/kprobes.h> typedef int kprobe_opcode_t; struct arch_specific_insn { int dummy; }; #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES */ struct kprobe; struct pt_regs; struct kretprobe; struct kretprobe_instance; typedef int (*kprobe_pre_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *); typedef void (*kprobe_post_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *, unsigned long flags); typedef int (*kprobe_fault_handler_t) (struct kprobe *, struct pt_regs *, int trapnr); typedef int (*kretprobe_handler_t) (struct kretprobe_instance *, struct pt_regs *); struct kprobe { struct hlist_node hlist; /* list of kprobes for multi-handler support */ struct list_head list; /*count the number of times this probe was temporarily disarmed */ unsigned long nmissed; /* location of the probe point */ kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Allow user to indicate symbol name of the probe point */ const char *symbol_name; /* Offset into the symbol */ unsigned int offset; /* Called before addr is executed. */ kprobe_pre_handler_t pre_handler; /* Called after addr is executed, unless... */ kprobe_post_handler_t post_handler; /* * ... called if executing addr causes a fault (eg. page fault). * Return 1 if it handled fault, otherwise kernel will see it. */ kprobe_fault_handler_t fault_handler; /* Saved opcode (which has been replaced with breakpoint) */ kprobe_opcode_t opcode; /* copy of the original instruction */ struct arch_specific_insn ainsn; /* * Indicates various status flags. * Protected by kprobe_mutex after this kprobe is registered. */ u32 flags; }; /* Kprobe status flags */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_GONE 1 /* breakpoint has already gone */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED 2 /* probe is temporarily disabled */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED 4 /* * probe is really optimized. * NOTE: * this flag is only for optimized_kprobe. */ #define KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE 8 /* probe is using ftrace */ /* Has this kprobe gone ? */ static inline int kprobe_gone(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; } /* Is this kprobe disabled ? */ static inline int kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & (KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED | KPROBE_FLAG_GONE); } /* Is this kprobe really running optimized path ? */ static inline int kprobe_optimized(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Is this kprobe uses ftrace ? */ static inline int kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return p->flags & KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; } /* * Function-return probe - * Note: * User needs to provide a handler function, and initialize maxactive. * maxactive - The maximum number of instances of the probed function that * can be active concurrently. * nmissed - tracks the number of times the probed function's return was * ignored, due to maxactive being too low. * */ struct kretprobe { struct kprobe kp; kretprobe_handler_t handler; kretprobe_handler_t entry_handler; int maxactive; int nmissed; size_t data_size; struct hlist_head free_instances; raw_spinlock_t lock; }; struct kretprobe_instance { union { struct hlist_node hlist; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct kretprobe *rp; kprobe_opcode_t *ret_addr; struct task_struct *task; void *fp; char data[]; }; struct kretprobe_blackpoint { const char *name; void *addr; }; struct kprobe_blacklist_entry { struct list_head list; unsigned long start_addr; unsigned long end_addr; }; #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, current_kprobe); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe_ctlblk, kprobe_ctlblk); /* * For #ifdef avoidance: */ static inline int kprobes_built_in(void) { return 1; } extern void kprobe_busy_begin(void); extern void kprobe_busy_end(void); #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES extern void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); /* If the trampoline handler called from a kprobe, use this version */ unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer); static nokprobe_inline unsigned long kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { unsigned long ret; /* * Set a dummy kprobe for avoiding kretprobe recursion. * Since kretprobe never runs in kprobe handler, no kprobe must * be running at this point. */ kprobe_busy_begin(); ret = __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(regs, trampoline_address, frame_pointer); kprobe_busy_end(); return ret; } #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ static inline void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ extern struct kretprobe_blackpoint kretprobe_blacklist[]; #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_SANITY_TEST extern int init_test_probes(void); #else static inline int init_test_probes(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES_SANITY_TEST */ extern int arch_prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); extern void arch_arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); extern void arch_disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); extern int arch_init_kprobes(void); extern void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p); extern bool arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr); extern int arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void); extern bool arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset); extern int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset); extern bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr); extern int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry); extern int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct kprobe_insn_cache { struct mutex mutex; void *(*alloc)(void); /* allocate insn page */ void (*free)(void *); /* free insn page */ const char *sym; /* symbol for insn pages */ struct list_head pages; /* list of kprobe_insn_page */ size_t insn_size; /* size of instruction slot */ int nr_garbage; }; #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT extern kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); extern void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty); /* sleep-less address checking routine */ extern bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr); #define DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(__name) \ extern struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_##__name##_slots; \ \ static inline kprobe_opcode_t *get_##__name##_slot(void) \ { \ return __get_insn_slot(&kprobe_##__name##_slots); \ } \ \ static inline void free_##__name##_slot(kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty)\ { \ __free_insn_slot(&kprobe_##__name##_slots, slot, dirty); \ } \ \ static inline bool is_kprobe_##__name##_slot(unsigned long addr) \ { \ return __is_insn_slot_addr(&kprobe_##__name##_slots, addr); \ } #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM "kprobe_insn_page" #define KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM "kprobe_optinsn_page" int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym); #else /* __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT */ #define DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(__name) \ static inline bool is_kprobe_##__name##_slot(unsigned long addr) \ { \ return 0; \ } #endif DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(insn); #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* * Internal structure for direct jump optimized probe */ struct optimized_kprobe { struct kprobe kp; struct list_head list; /* list for optimizing queue */ struct arch_optimized_insn optinsn; }; /* Architecture dependent functions for direct jump optimization */ extern int arch_prepared_optinsn(struct arch_optimized_insn *optinsn); extern int arch_check_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op); extern int arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *orig); extern void arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op); extern void arch_optimize_kprobes(struct list_head *oplist); extern void arch_unoptimize_kprobes(struct list_head *oplist, struct list_head *done_list); extern void arch_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op); extern int arch_within_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, unsigned long addr); extern void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(optinsn); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; extern int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); #endif extern void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void); #else static inline void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE extern void kprobe_ftrace_handler(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, struct ftrace_ops *ops, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p); #endif int arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p); /* Get the kprobe at this addr (if any) - called with preemption disabled */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr); /* kprobe_running() will just return the current_kprobe on this CPU */ static inline struct kprobe *kprobe_running(void) { return (__this_cpu_read(current_kprobe)); } static inline void reset_current_kprobe(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); } static inline struct kprobe_ctlblk *get_kprobe_ctlblk(void) { return this_cpu_ptr(&kprobe_ctlblk); } kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int offset); int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num); unsigned long arch_deref_entry_point(void *); int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num); void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk); void kprobe_free_init_mem(void); int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp); int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp); void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp); void *alloc_insn_page(void); void free_insn_page(void *page); int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym); int arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym); #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES: */ static inline int kprobes_built_in(void) { return 0; } static inline int kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { return 0; } static inline struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct kprobe *kprobe_running(void) { return NULL; } static inline int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { } static inline void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { } static inline int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } static inline void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } static inline void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { } static inline void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { } static inline int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { return true; } static inline int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES */ static inline int disable_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return disable_kprobe(&rp->kp); } static inline int enable_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return enable_kprobe(&rp->kp); } #ifndef CONFIG_KPROBES static inline bool is_kprobe_insn_slot(unsigned long addr) { return false; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_OPTPROBES static inline bool is_kprobe_optinsn_slot(unsigned long addr) { return false; } #endif /* Returns true if kprobes handled the fault */ static nokprobe_inline bool kprobe_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int trap) { if (!kprobes_built_in()) return false; if (user_mode(regs)) return false; /* * To be potentially processing a kprobe fault and to be allowed * to call kprobe_running(), we have to be non-preemptible. */ if (preemptible()) return false; if (!kprobe_running()) return false; return kprobe_fault_handler(regs, trap); } #endif /* _LINUX_KPROBES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * memory buffer pool support */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H #define _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> struct kmem_cache; typedef void * (mempool_alloc_t)(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); typedef void (mempool_free_t)(void *element, void *pool_data); typedef struct mempool_s { spinlock_t lock; int min_nr; /* nr of elements at *elements */ int curr_nr; /* Current nr of elements at *elements */ void **elements; void *pool_data; mempool_alloc_t *alloc; mempool_free_t *free; wait_queue_head_t wait; } mempool_t; static inline bool mempool_initialized(mempool_t *pool) { return pool->elements != NULL; } void mempool_exit(mempool_t *pool); int mempool_init_node(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id); int mempool_init(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data); extern mempool_t *mempool_create(int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data); extern mempool_t *mempool_create_node(int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid); extern int mempool_resize(mempool_t *pool, int new_min_nr); extern void mempool_destroy(mempool_t *pool); extern void *mempool_alloc(mempool_t *pool, gfp_t gfp_mask) __malloc; extern void mempool_free(void *element, mempool_t *pool); /* * A mempool_alloc_t and mempool_free_t that get the memory from * a slab cache that is passed in through pool_data. * Note: the slab cache may not have a ctor function. */ void *mempool_alloc_slab(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_free_slab(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_slab_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, struct kmem_cache *kc) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_alloc_slab, mempool_free_slab, (void *) kc); } static inline mempool_t * mempool_create_slab_pool(int min_nr, struct kmem_cache *kc) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_alloc_slab, mempool_free_slab, (void *) kc); } /* * a mempool_alloc_t and a mempool_free_t to kmalloc and kfree the * amount of memory specified by pool_data */ void *mempool_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_kfree(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_kmalloc_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, size_t size) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_kmalloc, mempool_kfree, (void *) size); } static inline mempool_t *mempool_create_kmalloc_pool(int min_nr, size_t size) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_kmalloc, mempool_kfree, (void *) size); } /* * A mempool_alloc_t and mempool_free_t for a simple page allocator that * allocates pages of the order specified by pool_data */ void *mempool_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_free_pages(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_page_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, int order) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_alloc_pages, mempool_free_pages, (void *)(long)order); } static inline mempool_t *mempool_create_page_pool(int min_nr, int order) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_alloc_pages, mempool_free_pages, (void *)(long)order); } #endif /* _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H */
8 1 1 7 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Written by Mark Hemment, 1996 (markhe@nextd.demon.co.uk). * * (C) SGI 2006, Christoph Lameter * Cleaned up and restructured to ease the addition of alternative * implementations of SLAB allocators. * (C) Linux Foundation 2008-2013 * Unified interface for all slab allocators */ #ifndef _LINUX_SLAB_H #define _LINUX_SLAB_H #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> /* * Flags to pass to kmem_cache_create(). * The ones marked DEBUG are only valid if CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB is set. */ /* DEBUG: Perform (expensive) checks on alloc/free */ #define SLAB_CONSISTENCY_CHECKS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000100U) /* DEBUG: Red zone objs in a cache */ #define SLAB_RED_ZONE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000400U) /* DEBUG: Poison objects */ #define SLAB_POISON ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000800U) /* Align objs on cache lines */ #define SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00002000U) /* Use GFP_DMA memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00004000U) /* Use GFP_DMA32 memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00008000U) /* DEBUG: Store the last owner for bug hunting */ #define SLAB_STORE_USER ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00010000U) /* Panic if kmem_cache_create() fails */ #define SLAB_PANIC ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00040000U) /* * SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU - **WARNING** READ THIS! * * This delays freeing the SLAB page by a grace period, it does _NOT_ * delay object freeing. This means that if you do kmem_cache_free() * that memory location is free to be reused at any time. Thus it may * be possible to see another object there in the same RCU grace period. * * This feature only ensures the memory location backing the object * stays valid, the trick to using this is relying on an independent * object validation pass. Something like: * * rcu_read_lock() * again: * obj = lockless_lookup(key); * if (obj) { * if (!try_get_ref(obj)) // might fail for free objects * goto again; * * if (obj->key != key) { // not the object we expected * put_ref(obj); * goto again; * } * } * rcu_read_unlock(); * * This is useful if we need to approach a kernel structure obliquely, * from its address obtained without the usual locking. We can lock * the structure to stabilize it and check it's still at the given address, * only if we can be sure that the memory has not been meanwhile reused * for some other kind of object (which our subsystem's lock might corrupt). * * rcu_read_lock before reading the address, then rcu_read_unlock after * taking the spinlock within the structure expected at that address. * * Note that SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU was originally named SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU. */ /* Defer freeing slabs to RCU */ #define SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00080000U) /* Spread some memory over cpuset */ #define SLAB_MEM_SPREAD ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00100000U) /* Trace allocations and frees */ #define SLAB_TRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00200000U) /* Flag to prevent checks on free */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00400000U) #else # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS 0 #endif /* Avoid kmemleak tracing */ #define SLAB_NOLEAKTRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00800000U) /* Fault injection mark */ #ifdef CONFIG_FAILSLAB # define SLAB_FAILSLAB ((slab_flags_t __force)0x02000000U) #else # define SLAB_FAILSLAB 0 #endif /* Account to memcg */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM # define SLAB_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x04000000U) #else # define SLAB_ACCOUNT 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN #define SLAB_KASAN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x08000000U) #else #define SLAB_KASAN 0 #endif /* The following flags affect the page allocator grouping pages by mobility */ /* Objects are reclaimable */ #define SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00020000U) #define SLAB_TEMPORARY SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT /* Objects are short-lived */ /* Slab deactivation flag */ #define SLAB_DEACTIVATED ((slab_flags_t __force)0x10000000U) /* * ZERO_SIZE_PTR will be returned for zero sized kmalloc requests. * * Dereferencing ZERO_SIZE_PTR will lead to a distinct access fault. * * ZERO_SIZE_PTR can be passed to kfree though in the same way that NULL can. * Both make kfree a no-op. */ #define ZERO_SIZE_PTR ((void *)16) #define ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) <= \ (unsigned long)ZERO_SIZE_PTR) #include <linux/kasan.h> struct mem_cgroup; /* * struct kmem_cache related prototypes */ void __init kmem_cache_init(void); bool slab_is_available(void); extern bool usercopy_fallback; struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, void (*ctor)(void *)); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create_usercopy(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, unsigned int useroffset, unsigned int usersize, void (*ctor)(void *)); void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *); int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *); /* * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the * name of the structure and maybe some flags that are listed above. * * The alignment of the struct determines object alignment. If you * f.e. add ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp to the struct declaration * then the objects will be properly aligned in SMP configurations. */ #define KMEM_CACHE(__struct, __flags) \ kmem_cache_create(#__struct, sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), NULL) /* * To whitelist a single field for copying to/from usercopy, use this * macro instead for KMEM_CACHE() above. */ #define KMEM_CACHE_USERCOPY(__struct, __flags, __field) \ kmem_cache_create_usercopy(#__struct, \ sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), \ offsetof(struct __struct, __field), \ sizeof_field(struct __struct, __field), NULL) /* * Common kmalloc functions provided by all allocators */ void * __must_check krealloc(const void *, size_t, gfp_t); void kfree(const void *); void kfree_sensitive(const void *); size_t __ksize(const void *); size_t ksize(const void *); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HARDENED_USERCOPY_ALLOCATOR void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user); #else static inline void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user) { } #endif /* * Some archs want to perform DMA into kmalloc caches and need a guaranteed * alignment larger than the alignment of a 64-bit integer. * Setting ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN in arch headers allows that. */ #if defined(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) && ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN > 8 #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW ilog2(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) #else #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * Setting ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN in arch headers allows a different alignment. * Intended for arches that get misalignment faults even for 64 bit integer * aligned buffers. */ #ifndef ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN #define ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * kmalloc and friends return ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN aligned * pointers. kmem_cache_alloc and friends return ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN * aligned pointers. */ #define __assume_kmalloc_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN) #define __assume_slab_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN) #define __assume_page_alignment __assume_aligned(PAGE_SIZE) /* * Kmalloc array related definitions */ #ifdef CONFIG_SLAB /* * The largest kmalloc size supported by the SLAB allocators is * 32 megabyte (2^25) or the maximum allocatable page order if that is * less than 32 MB. * * WARNING: Its not easy to increase this value since the allocators have * to do various tricks to work around compiler limitations in order to * ensure proper constant folding. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH ((MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) <= 25 ? \ (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) : 25) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 5 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLUB /* * SLUB directly allocates requests fitting in to an order-1 page * (PAGE_SIZE*2). Larger requests are passed to the page allocator. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH (PAGE_SHIFT + 1) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLOB /* * SLOB passes all requests larger than one page to the page allocator. * No kmalloc array is necessary since objects of different sizes can * be allocated from the same page. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH PAGE_SHIFT #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif /* Maximum allocatable size */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX) /* Maximum size for which we actually use a slab cache */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH) /* Maximum order allocatable via the slab allocator */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_ORDER (KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX - PAGE_SHIFT) /* * Kmalloc subsystem. */ #ifndef KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE (1 << KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW) #endif /* * This restriction comes from byte sized index implementation. * Page size is normally 2^12 bytes and, in this case, if we want to use * byte sized index which can represent 2^8 entries, the size of the object * should be equal or greater to 2^12 / 2^8 = 2^4 = 16. * If minimum size of kmalloc is less than 16, we use it as minimum object * size and give up to use byte sized index. */ #define SLAB_OBJ_MIN_SIZE (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE < 16 ? \ (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) : 16) /* * Whenever changing this, take care of that kmalloc_type() and * create_kmalloc_caches() still work as intended. */ enum kmalloc_cache_type { KMALLOC_NORMAL = 0, KMALLOC_RECLAIM, #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA KMALLOC_DMA, #endif NR_KMALLOC_TYPES }; #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB extern struct kmem_cache * kmalloc_caches[NR_KMALLOC_TYPES][KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH + 1]; static __always_inline enum kmalloc_cache_type kmalloc_type(gfp_t flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA /* * The most common case is KMALLOC_NORMAL, so test for it * with a single branch for both flags. */ if (likely((flags & (__GFP_DMA | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE)) == 0)) return KMALLOC_NORMAL; /* * At least one of the flags has to be set. If both are, __GFP_DMA * is more important. */ return flags & __GFP_DMA ? KMALLOC_DMA : KMALLOC_RECLAIM; #else return flags & __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ? KMALLOC_RECLAIM : KMALLOC_NORMAL; #endif } /* * Figure out which kmalloc slab an allocation of a certain size * belongs to. * 0 = zero alloc * 1 = 65 .. 96 bytes * 2 = 129 .. 192 bytes * n = 2^(n-1)+1 .. 2^n */ static __always_inline unsigned int kmalloc_index(size_t size) { if (!size) return 0; if (size <= KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) return KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 32 && size > 64 && size <= 96) return 1; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64 && size > 128 && size <= 192) return 2; if (size <= 8) return 3; if (size <= 16) return 4; if (size <= 32) return 5; if (size <= 64) return 6; if (size <= 128) return 7; if (size <= 256) return 8; if (size <= 512) return 9; if (size <= 1024) return 10; if (size <= 2 * 1024) return 11; if (size <= 4 * 1024) return 12; if (size <= 8 * 1024) return 13; if (size <= 16 * 1024) return 14; if (size <= 32 * 1024) return 15; if (size <= 64 * 1024) return 16; if (size <= 128 * 1024) return 17; if (size <= 256 * 1024) return 18; if (size <= 512 * 1024) return 19; if (size <= 1024 * 1024) return 20; if (size <= 2 * 1024 * 1024) return 21; if (size <= 4 * 1024 * 1024) return 22; if (size <= 8 * 1024 * 1024) return 23; if (size <= 16 * 1024 * 1024) return 24; if (size <= 32 * 1024 * 1024) return 25; if (size <= 64 * 1024 * 1024) return 26; BUG(); /* Will never be reached. Needed because the compiler may complain */ return -1; } #endif /* !CONFIG_SLOB */ void *__kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; void kmem_cache_free(struct kmem_cache *, void *); /* * Bulk allocation and freeing operations. These are accelerated in an * allocator specific way to avoid taking locks repeatedly or building * metadata structures unnecessarily. * * Note that interrupts must be enabled when calling these functions. */ void kmem_cache_free_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, size_t, void **); int kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t, void **); /* * Caller must not use kfree_bulk() on memory not originally allocated * by kmalloc(), because the SLOB allocator cannot handle this. */ static __always_inline void kfree_bulk(size_t size, void **p) { kmem_cache_free_bulk(NULL, size, p); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { return kmem_cache_alloc_trace(s, gfpflags, size); } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #else /* CONFIG_TRACING */ static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, flags); return ret; } static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, gfpflags); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ extern void *kmalloc_order(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) { return kmalloc_order(size, flags, order); } #endif static __always_inline void *kmalloc_large(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { unsigned int order = get_order(size); return kmalloc_order_trace(size, flags, order); } /** * kmalloc - allocate memory * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * kmalloc is the normal method of allocating memory * for objects smaller than page size in the kernel. * * The allocated object address is aligned to at least ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN * bytes. For @size of power of two bytes, the alignment is also guaranteed * to be at least to the size. * * The @flags argument may be one of the GFP flags defined at * include/linux/gfp.h and described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst <mm-api-gfp-flags>` * * The recommended usage of the @flags is described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/memory-allocation.rst <memory_allocation>` * * Below is a brief outline of the most useful GFP flags * * %GFP_KERNEL * Allocate normal kernel ram. May sleep. * * %GFP_NOWAIT * Allocation will not sleep. * * %GFP_ATOMIC * Allocation will not sleep. May use emergency pools. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER * Allocate memory from high memory on behalf of user. * * Also it is possible to set different flags by OR'ing * in one or more of the following additional @flags: * * %__GFP_HIGH * This allocation has high priority and may use emergency pools. * * %__GFP_NOFAIL * Indicate that this allocation is in no way allowed to fail * (think twice before using). * * %__GFP_NORETRY * If memory is not immediately available, * then give up at once. * * %__GFP_NOWARN * If allocation fails, don't issue any warnings. * * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * Try really hard to succeed the allocation but fail * eventually. */ static __always_inline void *kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB unsigned int index; #endif if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) return kmalloc_large(size, flags); #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB index = kmalloc_index(size); if (!index) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][index], flags, size); #endif } return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && size <= KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) { unsigned int i = kmalloc_index(size); if (!i) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][i], flags, node, size); } #endif return __kmalloc_node(size, flags, node); } /** * kmalloc_array - allocate memory for an array. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size)) return kmalloc(bytes, flags); return __kmalloc(bytes, flags); } /** * kcalloc - allocate memory for an array. The memory is set to zero. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /* * kmalloc_track_caller is a special version of kmalloc that records the * calling function of the routine calling it for slab leak tracking instead * of just the calling function (confusing, eh?). * It's useful when the call to kmalloc comes from a widely-used standard * allocator where we care about the real place the memory allocation * request comes from. */ extern void *__kmalloc_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, unsigned long); #define kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags) \ __kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags, _RET_IP_) static inline void *kmalloc_array_node(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size)) return kmalloc_node(bytes, flags, node); return __kmalloc_node(bytes, flags, node); } static inline void *kcalloc_node(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmalloc_array_node(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void *__kmalloc_node_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, int, unsigned long); #define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \ __kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node, \ _RET_IP_) #else /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \ kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ /* * Shortcuts */ static inline void *kmem_cache_zalloc(struct kmem_cache *k, gfp_t flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(k, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * kzalloc - allocate memory. The memory is set to zero. * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * kzalloc_node - allocate zeroed memory from a particular memory node. * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). * @node: memory node from which to allocate */ static inline void *kzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } unsigned int kmem_cache_size(struct kmem_cache *s); void __init kmem_cache_init_late(void); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_SLAB) int slab_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int slab_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define slab_prepare_cpu NULL #define slab_dead_cpu NULL #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SLAB_H */
2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Supervisor Mode Access Prevention support * * Copyright (C) 2012 Intel Corporation * Author: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SMAP_H #define _ASM_X86_SMAP_H #include <asm/nops.h> #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> /* "Raw" instruction opcodes */ #define __ASM_CLAC ".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xca" #define __ASM_STAC ".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xcb" #ifdef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/alternative-asm.h> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_SMAP #define ASM_CLAC \ ALTERNATIVE "", __ASM_CLAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP #define ASM_STAC \ ALTERNATIVE "", __ASM_STAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP #else /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ #define ASM_CLAC #define ASM_STAC #endif /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #include <asm/alternative.h> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_SMAP static __always_inline void clac(void) { /* Note: a barrier is implicit in alternative() */ alternative("", __ASM_CLAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP); } static __always_inline void stac(void) { /* Note: a barrier is implicit in alternative() */ alternative("", __ASM_STAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP); } static __always_inline unsigned long smap_save(void) { unsigned long flags; asm volatile ("# smap_save\n\t" ALTERNATIVE("jmp 1f", "", X86_FEATURE_SMAP) "pushf; pop %0; " __ASM_CLAC "\n\t" "1:" : "=rm" (flags) : : "memory", "cc"); return flags; } static __always_inline void smap_restore(unsigned long flags) { asm volatile ("# smap_restore\n\t" ALTERNATIVE("jmp 1f", "", X86_FEATURE_SMAP) "push %0; popf\n\t" "1:" : : "g" (flags) : "memory", "cc"); } /* These macros can be used in asm() statements */ #define ASM_CLAC \ ALTERNATIVE("", __ASM_CLAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP) #define ASM_STAC \ ALTERNATIVE("", __ASM_STAC, X86_FEATURE_SMAP) #else /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ static inline void clac(void) { } static inline void stac(void) { } static inline unsigned long smap_save(void) { return 0; } static inline void smap_restore(unsigned long flags) { } #define ASM_CLAC #define ASM_STAC #endif /* CONFIG_X86_SMAP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internals of the DMA direct mapping implementation. Only for use by the * DMA mapping code and IOMMU drivers. */ #ifndef _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H 1 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/dma-map-ops.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> /* for min_low_pfn */ #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <linux/swiotlb.h> extern unsigned int zone_dma_bits; /* * Record the mapping of CPU physical to DMA addresses for a given region. */ struct bus_dma_region { phys_addr_t cpu_start; dma_addr_t dma_start; u64 size; u64 offset; }; static inline dma_addr_t translate_phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (paddr >= m->cpu_start && paddr - m->cpu_start < m->size) return (dma_addr_t)paddr - m->offset; /* make sure dma_capable fails when no translation is available */ return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } static inline phys_addr_t translate_dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (dma_addr >= m->dma_start && dma_addr - m->dma_start < m->size) return (phys_addr_t)dma_addr + m->offset; return (phys_addr_t)-1; } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA #include <asm/dma-direct.h> #ifndef phys_to_dma_unencrypted #define phys_to_dma_unencrypted phys_to_dma #endif #else static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { if (dev->dma_range_map) return translate_phys_to_dma(dev, paddr); return paddr; } /* * If memory encryption is supported, phys_to_dma will set the memory encryption * bit in the DMA address, and dma_to_phys will clear it. * phys_to_dma_unencrypted is for use on special unencrypted memory like swiotlb * buffers. */ static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { return __sme_set(phys_to_dma_unencrypted(dev, paddr)); } static inline phys_addr_t dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { phys_addr_t paddr; if (dev->dma_range_map) paddr = translate_dma_to_phys(dev, dma_addr); else paddr = dma_addr; return __sme_clr(paddr); } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev); #else static inline bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED */ static inline bool dma_capable(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, bool is_ram) { dma_addr_t end = addr + size - 1; if (addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR) return false; if (is_ram && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_DMA_ADDR_T_64BIT) && min(addr, end) < phys_to_dma(dev, PFN_PHYS(min_low_pfn))) return false; return end <= min_not_zero(*dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); } u64 dma_direct_get_required_mask(struct device *dev); void *dma_direct_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, unsigned long attrs); struct page *dma_direct_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void dma_direct_free_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *page, dma_addr_t dma_addr, enum dma_data_direction dir); int dma_direct_supported(struct device *dev, u64 mask); dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_resource(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); #endif /* _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * The proc filesystem constants/structures */ #ifndef _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #define _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> struct proc_dir_entry; struct seq_file; struct seq_operations; enum { /* * All /proc entries using this ->proc_ops instance are never removed. * * If in doubt, ignore this flag. */ #ifdef MODULE PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 0U, #else PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 1U << 0, #endif }; struct proc_ops { unsigned int proc_flags; int (*proc_open)(struct inode *, struct file *); ssize_t (*proc_read)(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*proc_read_iter)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*proc_write)(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); loff_t (*proc_lseek)(struct file *, loff_t, int); int (*proc_release)(struct inode *, struct file *); __poll_t (*proc_poll)(struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*proc_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT long (*proc_compat_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #endif int (*proc_mmap)(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long (*proc_get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); } __randomize_layout; /* definitions for hide_pid field */ enum proc_hidepid { HIDEPID_OFF = 0, HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS = 1, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE = 2, HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE = 4, /* Limit pids to only ptraceable pids */ }; /* definitions for proc mount option pidonly */ enum proc_pidonly { PROC_PIDONLY_OFF = 0, PROC_PIDONLY_ON = 1, }; struct proc_fs_info { struct pid_namespace *pid_ns; struct dentry *proc_self; /* For /proc/self */ struct dentry *proc_thread_self; /* For /proc/thread-self */ kgid_t pid_gid; enum proc_hidepid hide_pid; enum proc_pidonly pidonly; }; static inline struct proc_fs_info *proc_sb_info(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS typedef int (*proc_write_t)(struct file *, char *, size_t); extern void proc_root_init(void); extern void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *, const char *); struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *, bool); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_seq_private(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, data) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_single_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) \ proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, NULL) extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, const struct proc_ops *, void *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct proc_ops *proc_ops); extern void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *, loff_t); extern void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *, kuid_t, kgid_t); extern void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *); extern void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *); extern void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *); extern void remove_proc_entry(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern int remove_proc_subtree(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size) \ proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, proc_write_t write, unsigned int state_size, void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), proc_write_t write, void *data); extern struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file); struct bpf_iter_aux_info; extern int bpf_iter_init_seq_net(void *priv_data, struct bpf_iter_aux_info *aux); extern void bpf_iter_fini_seq_net(void *priv_data); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS /* * The architecture which selects CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS must * provide proc_pid_arch_status() definition. */ int proc_pid_arch_status(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS */ #else /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ static inline void proc_root_init(void) { } static inline void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *pid) { } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent,const char *dest) { return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) {return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data, bool force_lookup) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return NULL; } #define proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create(name, mode, parent, proc_ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_data(name, mode, parent, proc_ops, data) ({NULL;}) static inline void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *de, loff_t size) {} static inline void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *de, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid) {} static inline void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *inode) {BUG(); return NULL;} static inline void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *inode) { BUG(); return NULL; } static inline void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *de) {} #define remove_proc_entry(name, parent) do {} while (0) static inline int remove_proc_subtree(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return 0; } #define proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, state_size, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net_single(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) static inline struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file) { return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ struct net; static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_mkdir( struct net *net, const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return _proc_mkdir(name, 0, parent, net, true); } struct ns_common; int open_related_ns(struct ns_common *ns, struct ns_common *(*get_ns)(struct ns_common *ns)); /* get the associated pid namespace for a file in procfs */ static inline struct pid_namespace *proc_pid_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return proc_sb_info(sb)->pid_ns; } bool proc_ns_file(const struct file *file); #endif /* _LINUX_PROC_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This file provides wrappers with sanitizer instrumentation for non-atomic * bit operations. * * To use this functionality, an arch's bitops.h file needs to define each of * the below bit operations with an arch_ prefix (e.g. arch_set_bit(), * arch___set_bit(), etc.). */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/instrumented.h> /** * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to clear * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike clear_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to change * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___change_bit(nr, addr); } static inline void __instrument_read_write_bitop(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCSAN_ASSUME_PLAIN_WRITES_ATOMIC)) { /* * We treat non-atomic read-write bitops a little more special. * Given the operations here only modify a single bit, assuming * non-atomicity of the writer is sufficient may be reasonable * for certain usage (and follows the permissible nature of the * assume-plain-writes-atomic rule): * 1. report read-modify-write races -> check read; * 2. do not report races with marked readers, but do report * races with unmarked readers -> check "atomic" write. */ kcsan_check_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); /* * Use generic write instrumentation, in case other sanitizers * or tools are enabled alongside KCSAN. */ instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } else { instrument_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } } /** * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to set * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_change_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_bit - Determine whether a bit is set * @nr: bit number to test * @addr: Address to start counting from */ static inline bool test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_bit(nr, addr); } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H */
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * mm/percpu.c - percpu memory allocator * * Copyright (C) 2009 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (C) 2009 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> * * Copyright (C) 2017 Facebook Inc. * Copyright (C) 2017 Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org> * * The percpu allocator handles both static and dynamic areas. Percpu * areas are allocated in chunks which are divided into units. There is * a 1-to-1 mapping for units to possible cpus. These units are grouped * based on NUMA properties of the machine. * * c0 c1 c2 * ------------------- ------------------- ------------ * | u0 | u1 | u2 | u3 | | u0 | u1 | u2 | u3 | | u0 | u1 | u * ------------------- ...... ------------------- .... ------------ * * Allocation is done by offsets into a unit's address space. Ie., an * area of 512 bytes at 6k in c1 occupies 512 bytes at 6k in c1:u0, * c1:u1, c1:u2, etc. On NUMA machines, the mapping may be non-linear * and even sparse. Access is handled by configuring percpu base * registers according to the cpu to unit mappings and offsetting the * base address using pcpu_unit_size. * * There is special consideration for the first chunk which must handle * the static percpu variables in the kernel image as allocation services * are not online yet. In short, the first chunk is structured like so: * * <Static | [Reserved] | Dynamic> * * The static data is copied from the original section managed by the * linker. The reserved section, if non-zero, primarily manages static * percpu variables from kernel modules. Finally, the dynamic section * takes care of normal allocations. * * The allocator organizes chunks into lists according to free size and * memcg-awareness. To make a percpu allocation memcg-aware the __GFP_ACCOUNT * flag should be passed. All memcg-aware allocations are sharing one set * of chunks and all unaccounted allocations and allocations performed * by processes belonging to the root memory cgroup are using the second set. * * The allocator tries to allocate from the fullest chunk first. Each chunk * is managed by a bitmap with metadata blocks. The allocation map is updated * on every allocation and free to reflect the current state while the boundary * map is only updated on allocation. Each metadata block contains * information to help mitigate the need to iterate over large portions * of the bitmap. The reverse mapping from page to chunk is stored in * the page's index. Lastly, units are lazily backed and grow in unison. * * There is a unique conversion that goes on here between bytes and bits. * Each bit represents a fragment of size PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE. The chunk * tracks the number of pages it is responsible for in nr_pages. Helper * functions are used to convert from between the bytes, bits, and blocks. * All hints are managed in bits unless explicitly stated. * * To use this allocator, arch code should do the following: * * - define __addr_to_pcpu_ptr() and __pcpu_ptr_to_addr() to translate * regular address to percpu pointer and back if they need to be * different from the default * * - use pcpu_setup_first_chunk() during percpu area initialization to * setup the first chunk containing the kernel static percpu area */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/lcm.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/kmemleak.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/io.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/percpu.h> #include "percpu-internal.h" /* the slots are sorted by free bytes left, 1-31 bytes share the same slot */ #define PCPU_SLOT_BASE_SHIFT 5 /* chunks in slots below this are subject to being sidelined on failed alloc */ #define PCPU_SLOT_FAIL_THRESHOLD 3 #define PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_LOW 2 #define PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH 4 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* default addr <-> pcpu_ptr mapping, override in asm/percpu.h if necessary */ #ifndef __addr_to_pcpu_ptr #define __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(addr) \ (void __percpu *)((unsigned long)(addr) - \ (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr + \ (unsigned long)__per_cpu_start) #endif #ifndef __pcpu_ptr_to_addr #define __pcpu_ptr_to_addr(ptr) \ (void __force *)((unsigned long)(ptr) + \ (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr - \ (unsigned long)__per_cpu_start) #endif #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* on UP, it's always identity mapped */ #define __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(addr) (void __percpu *)(addr) #define __pcpu_ptr_to_addr(ptr) (void __force *)(ptr) #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ static int pcpu_unit_pages __ro_after_init; static int pcpu_unit_size __ro_after_init; static int pcpu_nr_units __ro_after_init; static int pcpu_atom_size __ro_after_init; int pcpu_nr_slots __ro_after_init; static size_t pcpu_chunk_struct_size __ro_after_init; /* cpus with the lowest and highest unit addresses */ static unsigned int pcpu_low_unit_cpu __ro_after_init; static unsigned int pcpu_high_unit_cpu __ro_after_init; /* the address of the first chunk which starts with the kernel static area */ void *pcpu_base_addr __ro_after_init; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pcpu_base_addr); static const int *pcpu_unit_map __ro_after_init; /* cpu -> unit */ const unsigned long *pcpu_unit_offsets __ro_after_init; /* cpu -> unit offset */ /* group information, used for vm allocation */ static int pcpu_nr_groups __ro_after_init; static const unsigned long *pcpu_group_offsets __ro_after_init; static const size_t *pcpu_group_sizes __ro_after_init; /* * The first chunk which always exists. Note that unlike other * chunks, this one can be allocated and mapped in several different * ways and thus often doesn't live in the vmalloc area. */ struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_first_chunk __ro_after_init; /* * Optional reserved chunk. This chunk reserves part of the first * chunk and serves it for reserved allocations. When the reserved * region doesn't exist, the following variable is NULL. */ struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_reserved_chunk __ro_after_init; DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pcpu_lock); /* all internal data structures */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(pcpu_alloc_mutex); /* chunk create/destroy, [de]pop, map ext */ struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_lists __ro_after_init; /* chunk list slots */ /* chunks which need their map areas extended, protected by pcpu_lock */ static LIST_HEAD(pcpu_map_extend_chunks); /* * The number of empty populated pages by chunk type, protected by pcpu_lock. * The reserved chunk doesn't contribute to the count. */ int pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES]; /* * The number of populated pages in use by the allocator, protected by * pcpu_lock. This number is kept per a unit per chunk (i.e. when a page gets * allocated/deallocated, it is allocated/deallocated in all units of a chunk * and increments/decrements this count by 1). */ static unsigned long pcpu_nr_populated; /* * Balance work is used to populate or destroy chunks asynchronously. We * try to keep the number of populated free pages between * PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_LOW and HIGH for atomic allocations and at most one * empty chunk. */ static void pcpu_balance_workfn(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_WORK(pcpu_balance_work, pcpu_balance_workfn); static bool pcpu_async_enabled __read_mostly; static bool pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed; static void pcpu_schedule_balance_work(void) { if (pcpu_async_enabled) schedule_work(&pcpu_balance_work); } /** * pcpu_addr_in_chunk - check if the address is served from this chunk * @chunk: chunk of interest * @addr: percpu address * * RETURNS: * True if the address is served from this chunk. */ static bool pcpu_addr_in_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, void *addr) { void *start_addr, *end_addr; if (!chunk) return false; start_addr = chunk->base_addr + chunk->start_offset; end_addr = chunk->base_addr + chunk->nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - chunk->end_offset; return addr >= start_addr && addr < end_addr; } static int __pcpu_size_to_slot(int size) { int highbit = fls(size); /* size is in bytes */ return max(highbit - PCPU_SLOT_BASE_SHIFT + 2, 1); } static int pcpu_size_to_slot(int size) { if (size == pcpu_unit_size) return pcpu_nr_slots - 1; return __pcpu_size_to_slot(size); } static int pcpu_chunk_slot(const struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { const struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; if (chunk->free_bytes < PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE || chunk_md->contig_hint == 0) return 0; return pcpu_size_to_slot(chunk_md->contig_hint * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); } /* set the pointer to a chunk in a page struct */ static void pcpu_set_page_chunk(struct page *page, struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu) { page->index = (unsigned long)pcpu; } /* obtain pointer to a chunk from a page struct */ static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_get_page_chunk(struct page *page) { return (struct pcpu_chunk *)page->index; } static int __maybe_unused pcpu_page_idx(unsigned int cpu, int page_idx) { return pcpu_unit_map[cpu] * pcpu_unit_pages + page_idx; } static unsigned long pcpu_unit_page_offset(unsigned int cpu, int page_idx) { return pcpu_unit_offsets[cpu] + (page_idx << PAGE_SHIFT); } static unsigned long pcpu_chunk_addr(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, unsigned int cpu, int page_idx) { return (unsigned long)chunk->base_addr + pcpu_unit_page_offset(cpu, page_idx); } /* * The following are helper functions to help access bitmaps and convert * between bitmap offsets to address offsets. */ static unsigned long *pcpu_index_alloc_map(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int index) { return chunk->alloc_map + (index * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS / BITS_PER_LONG); } static unsigned long pcpu_off_to_block_index(int off) { return off / PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; } static unsigned long pcpu_off_to_block_off(int off) { return off & (PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - 1); } static unsigned long pcpu_block_off_to_off(int index, int off) { return index * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS + off; } /* * pcpu_next_hint - determine which hint to use * @block: block of interest * @alloc_bits: size of allocation * * This determines if we should scan based on the scan_hint or first_free. * In general, we want to scan from first_free to fulfill allocations by * first fit. However, if we know a scan_hint at position scan_hint_start * cannot fulfill an allocation, we can begin scanning from there knowing * the contig_hint will be our fallback. */ static int pcpu_next_hint(struct pcpu_block_md *block, int alloc_bits) { /* * The three conditions below determine if we can skip past the * scan_hint. First, does the scan hint exist. Second, is the * contig_hint after the scan_hint (possibly not true iff * contig_hint == scan_hint). Third, is the allocation request * larger than the scan_hint. */ if (block->scan_hint && block->contig_hint_start > block->scan_hint_start && alloc_bits > block->scan_hint) return block->scan_hint_start + block->scan_hint; return block->first_free; } /** * pcpu_next_md_free_region - finds the next hint free area * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of free area * * Helper function for pcpu_for_each_md_free_region. It checks * block->contig_hint and performs aggregation across blocks to find the * next hint. It modifies bit_off and bits in-place to be consumed in the * loop. */ static void pcpu_next_md_free_region(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int *bit_off, int *bits) { int i = pcpu_off_to_block_index(*bit_off); int block_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(*bit_off); struct pcpu_block_md *block; *bits = 0; for (block = chunk->md_blocks + i; i < pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk); block++, i++) { /* handles contig area across blocks */ if (*bits) { *bits += block->left_free; if (block->left_free == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) continue; return; } /* * This checks three things. First is there a contig_hint to * check. Second, have we checked this hint before by * comparing the block_off. Third, is this the same as the * right contig hint. In the last case, it spills over into * the next block and should be handled by the contig area * across blocks code. */ *bits = block->contig_hint; if (*bits && block->contig_hint_start >= block_off && *bits + block->contig_hint_start < PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) { *bit_off = pcpu_block_off_to_off(i, block->contig_hint_start); return; } /* reset to satisfy the second predicate above */ block_off = 0; *bits = block->right_free; *bit_off = (i + 1) * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - block->right_free; } } /** * pcpu_next_fit_region - finds fit areas for a given allocation request * @chunk: chunk of interest * @alloc_bits: size of allocation * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of free area * * Finds the next free region that is viable for use with a given size and * alignment. This only returns if there is a valid area to be used for this * allocation. block->first_free is returned if the allocation request fits * within the block to see if the request can be fulfilled prior to the contig * hint. */ static void pcpu_next_fit_region(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits, int align, int *bit_off, int *bits) { int i = pcpu_off_to_block_index(*bit_off); int block_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(*bit_off); struct pcpu_block_md *block; *bits = 0; for (block = chunk->md_blocks + i; i < pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk); block++, i++) { /* handles contig area across blocks */ if (*bits) { *bits += block->left_free; if (*bits >= alloc_bits) return; if (block->left_free == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) continue; } /* check block->contig_hint */ *bits = ALIGN(block->contig_hint_start, align) - block->contig_hint_start; /* * This uses the block offset to determine if this has been * checked in the prior iteration. */ if (block->contig_hint && block->contig_hint_start >= block_off && block->contig_hint >= *bits + alloc_bits) { int start = pcpu_next_hint(block, alloc_bits); *bits += alloc_bits + block->contig_hint_start - start; *bit_off = pcpu_block_off_to_off(i, start); return; } /* reset to satisfy the second predicate above */ block_off = 0; *bit_off = ALIGN(PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - block->right_free, align); *bits = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - *bit_off; *bit_off = pcpu_block_off_to_off(i, *bit_off); if (*bits >= alloc_bits) return; } /* no valid offsets were found - fail condition */ *bit_off = pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk); } /* * Metadata free area iterators. These perform aggregation of free areas * based on the metadata blocks and return the offset @bit_off and size in * bits of the free area @bits. pcpu_for_each_fit_region only returns when * a fit is found for the allocation request. */ #define pcpu_for_each_md_free_region(chunk, bit_off, bits) \ for (pcpu_next_md_free_region((chunk), &(bit_off), &(bits)); \ (bit_off) < pcpu_chunk_map_bits((chunk)); \ (bit_off) += (bits) + 1, \ pcpu_next_md_free_region((chunk), &(bit_off), &(bits))) #define pcpu_for_each_fit_region(chunk, alloc_bits, align, bit_off, bits) \ for (pcpu_next_fit_region((chunk), (alloc_bits), (align), &(bit_off), \ &(bits)); \ (bit_off) < pcpu_chunk_map_bits((chunk)); \ (bit_off) += (bits), \ pcpu_next_fit_region((chunk), (alloc_bits), (align), &(bit_off), \ &(bits))) /** * pcpu_mem_zalloc - allocate memory * @size: bytes to allocate * @gfp: allocation flags * * Allocate @size bytes. If @size is smaller than PAGE_SIZE, * kzalloc() is used; otherwise, the equivalent of vzalloc() is used. * This is to facilitate passing through whitelisted flags. The * returned memory is always zeroed. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ static void *pcpu_mem_zalloc(size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!slab_is_available())) return NULL; if (size <= PAGE_SIZE) return kzalloc(size, gfp); else return __vmalloc(size, gfp | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * pcpu_mem_free - free memory * @ptr: memory to free * * Free @ptr. @ptr should have been allocated using pcpu_mem_zalloc(). */ static void pcpu_mem_free(void *ptr) { kvfree(ptr); } static void __pcpu_chunk_move(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int slot, bool move_front) { if (chunk != pcpu_reserved_chunk) { struct list_head *pcpu_slot; pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(pcpu_chunk_type(chunk)); if (move_front) list_move(&chunk->list, &pcpu_slot[slot]); else list_move_tail(&chunk->list, &pcpu_slot[slot]); } } static void pcpu_chunk_move(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int slot) { __pcpu_chunk_move(chunk, slot, true); } /** * pcpu_chunk_relocate - put chunk in the appropriate chunk slot * @chunk: chunk of interest * @oslot: the previous slot it was on * * This function is called after an allocation or free changed @chunk. * New slot according to the changed state is determined and @chunk is * moved to the slot. Note that the reserved chunk is never put on * chunk slots. * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static void pcpu_chunk_relocate(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int oslot) { int nslot = pcpu_chunk_slot(chunk); if (oslot != nslot) __pcpu_chunk_move(chunk, nslot, oslot < nslot); } /* * pcpu_update_empty_pages - update empty page counters * @chunk: chunk of interest * @nr: nr of empty pages * * This is used to keep track of the empty pages now based on the premise * a md_block covers a page. The hint update functions recognize if a block * is made full or broken to calculate deltas for keeping track of free pages. */ static inline void pcpu_update_empty_pages(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int nr) { chunk->nr_empty_pop_pages += nr; if (chunk != pcpu_reserved_chunk) pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[pcpu_chunk_type(chunk)] += nr; } /* * pcpu_region_overlap - determines if two regions overlap * @a: start of first region, inclusive * @b: end of first region, exclusive * @x: start of second region, inclusive * @y: end of second region, exclusive * * This is used to determine if the hint region [a, b) overlaps with the * allocated region [x, y). */ static inline bool pcpu_region_overlap(int a, int b, int x, int y) { return (a < y) && (x < b); } /** * pcpu_block_update - updates a block given a free area * @block: block of interest * @start: start offset in block * @end: end offset in block * * Updates a block given a known free area. The region [start, end) is * expected to be the entirety of the free area within a block. Chooses * the best starting offset if the contig hints are equal. */ static void pcpu_block_update(struct pcpu_block_md *block, int start, int end) { int contig = end - start; block->first_free = min(block->first_free, start); if (start == 0) block->left_free = contig; if (end == block->nr_bits) block->right_free = contig; if (contig > block->contig_hint) { /* promote the old contig_hint to be the new scan_hint */ if (start > block->contig_hint_start) { if (block->contig_hint > block->scan_hint) { block->scan_hint_start = block->contig_hint_start; block->scan_hint = block->contig_hint; } else if (start < block->scan_hint_start) { /* * The old contig_hint == scan_hint. But, the * new contig is larger so hold the invariant * scan_hint_start < contig_hint_start. */ block->scan_hint = 0; } } else { block->scan_hint = 0; } block->contig_hint_start = start; block->contig_hint = contig; } else if (contig == block->contig_hint) { if (block->contig_hint_start && (!start || __ffs(start) > __ffs(block->contig_hint_start))) { /* start has a better alignment so use it */ block->contig_hint_start = start; if (start < block->scan_hint_start && block->contig_hint > block->scan_hint) block->scan_hint = 0; } else if (start > block->scan_hint_start || block->contig_hint > block->scan_hint) { /* * Knowing contig == contig_hint, update the scan_hint * if it is farther than or larger than the current * scan_hint. */ block->scan_hint_start = start; block->scan_hint = contig; } } else { /* * The region is smaller than the contig_hint. So only update * the scan_hint if it is larger than or equal and farther than * the current scan_hint. */ if ((start < block->contig_hint_start && (contig > block->scan_hint || (contig == block->scan_hint && start > block->scan_hint_start)))) { block->scan_hint_start = start; block->scan_hint = contig; } } } /* * pcpu_block_update_scan - update a block given a free area from a scan * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of free area * * Finding the final allocation spot first goes through pcpu_find_block_fit() * to find a block that can hold the allocation and then pcpu_alloc_area() * where a scan is used. When allocations require specific alignments, * we can inadvertently create holes which will not be seen in the alloc * or free paths. * * This takes a given free area hole and updates a block as it may change the * scan_hint. We need to scan backwards to ensure we don't miss free bits * from alignment. */ static void pcpu_block_update_scan(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits) { int s_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off); int e_off = s_off + bits; int s_index, l_bit; struct pcpu_block_md *block; if (e_off > PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) return; s_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off); block = chunk->md_blocks + s_index; /* scan backwards in case of alignment skipping free bits */ l_bit = find_last_bit(pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, s_index), s_off); s_off = (s_off == l_bit) ? 0 : l_bit + 1; pcpu_block_update(block, s_off, e_off); } /** * pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint - updates metadata about a chunk * @chunk: chunk of interest * @full_scan: if we should scan from the beginning * * Iterates over the metadata blocks to find the largest contig area. * A full scan can be avoided on the allocation path as this is triggered * if we broke the contig_hint. In doing so, the scan_hint will be before * the contig_hint or after if the scan_hint == contig_hint. This cannot * be prevented on freeing as we want to find the largest area possibly * spanning blocks. */ static void pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, bool full_scan) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int bit_off, bits; /* promote scan_hint to contig_hint */ if (!full_scan && chunk_md->scan_hint) { bit_off = chunk_md->scan_hint_start + chunk_md->scan_hint; chunk_md->contig_hint_start = chunk_md->scan_hint_start; chunk_md->contig_hint = chunk_md->scan_hint; chunk_md->scan_hint = 0; } else { bit_off = chunk_md->first_free; chunk_md->contig_hint = 0; } bits = 0; pcpu_for_each_md_free_region(chunk, bit_off, bits) pcpu_block_update(chunk_md, bit_off, bit_off + bits); } /** * pcpu_block_refresh_hint * @chunk: chunk of interest * @index: index of the metadata block * * Scans over the block beginning at first_free and updates the block * metadata accordingly. */ static void pcpu_block_refresh_hint(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int index) { struct pcpu_block_md *block = chunk->md_blocks + index; unsigned long *alloc_map = pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, index); unsigned int rs, re, start; /* region start, region end */ /* promote scan_hint to contig_hint */ if (block->scan_hint) { start = block->scan_hint_start + block->scan_hint; block->contig_hint_start = block->scan_hint_start; block->contig_hint = block->scan_hint; block->scan_hint = 0; } else { start = block->first_free; block->contig_hint = 0; } block->right_free = 0; /* iterate over free areas and update the contig hints */ bitmap_for_each_clear_region(alloc_map, rs, re, start, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) pcpu_block_update(block, rs, re); } /** * pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc - update hint on allocation path * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of request * * Updates metadata for the allocation path. The metadata only has to be * refreshed by a full scan iff the chunk's contig hint is broken. Block level * scans are required if the block's contig hint is broken. */ static void pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int nr_empty_pages = 0; struct pcpu_block_md *s_block, *e_block, *block; int s_index, e_index; /* block indexes of the freed allocation */ int s_off, e_off; /* block offsets of the freed allocation */ /* * Calculate per block offsets. * The calculation uses an inclusive range, but the resulting offsets * are [start, end). e_index always points to the last block in the * range. */ s_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off); e_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off + bits - 1); s_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off); e_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off + bits - 1) + 1; s_block = chunk->md_blocks + s_index; e_block = chunk->md_blocks + e_index; /* * Update s_block. * block->first_free must be updated if the allocation takes its place. * If the allocation breaks the contig_hint, a scan is required to * restore this hint. */ if (s_block->contig_hint == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; if (s_off == s_block->first_free) s_block->first_free = find_next_zero_bit( pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, s_index), PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, s_off + bits); if (pcpu_region_overlap(s_block->scan_hint_start, s_block->scan_hint_start + s_block->scan_hint, s_off, s_off + bits)) s_block->scan_hint = 0; if (pcpu_region_overlap(s_block->contig_hint_start, s_block->contig_hint_start + s_block->contig_hint, s_off, s_off + bits)) { /* block contig hint is broken - scan to fix it */ if (!s_off) s_block->left_free = 0; pcpu_block_refresh_hint(chunk, s_index); } else { /* update left and right contig manually */ s_block->left_free = min(s_block->left_free, s_off); if (s_index == e_index) s_block->right_free = min_t(int, s_block->right_free, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - e_off); else s_block->right_free = 0; } /* * Update e_block. */ if (s_index != e_index) { if (e_block->contig_hint == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; /* * When the allocation is across blocks, the end is along * the left part of the e_block. */ e_block->first_free = find_next_zero_bit( pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, e_index), PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, e_off); if (e_off == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) { /* reset the block */ e_block++; } else { if (e_off > e_block->scan_hint_start) e_block->scan_hint = 0; e_block->left_free = 0; if (e_off > e_block->contig_hint_start) { /* contig hint is broken - scan to fix it */ pcpu_block_refresh_hint(chunk, e_index); } else { e_block->right_free = min_t(int, e_block->right_free, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - e_off); } } /* update in-between md_blocks */ nr_empty_pages += (e_index - s_index - 1); for (block = s_block + 1; block < e_block; block++) { block->scan_hint = 0; block->contig_hint = 0; block->left_free = 0; block->right_free = 0; } } if (nr_empty_pages) pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, -nr_empty_pages); if (pcpu_region_overlap(chunk_md->scan_hint_start, chunk_md->scan_hint_start + chunk_md->scan_hint, bit_off, bit_off + bits)) chunk_md->scan_hint = 0; /* * The only time a full chunk scan is required is if the chunk * contig hint is broken. Otherwise, it means a smaller space * was used and therefore the chunk contig hint is still correct. */ if (pcpu_region_overlap(chunk_md->contig_hint_start, chunk_md->contig_hint_start + chunk_md->contig_hint, bit_off, bit_off + bits)) pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint(chunk, false); } /** * pcpu_block_update_hint_free - updates the block hints on the free path * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of request * * Updates metadata for the allocation path. This avoids a blind block * refresh by making use of the block contig hints. If this fails, it scans * forward and backward to determine the extent of the free area. This is * capped at the boundary of blocks. * * A chunk update is triggered if a page becomes free, a block becomes free, * or the free spans across blocks. This tradeoff is to minimize iterating * over the block metadata to update chunk_md->contig_hint. * chunk_md->contig_hint may be off by up to a page, but it will never be more * than the available space. If the contig hint is contained in one block, it * will be accurate. */ static void pcpu_block_update_hint_free(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits) { int nr_empty_pages = 0; struct pcpu_block_md *s_block, *e_block, *block; int s_index, e_index; /* block indexes of the freed allocation */ int s_off, e_off; /* block offsets of the freed allocation */ int start, end; /* start and end of the whole free area */ /* * Calculate per block offsets. * The calculation uses an inclusive range, but the resulting offsets * are [start, end). e_index always points to the last block in the * range. */ s_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off); e_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off + bits - 1); s_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off); e_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off + bits - 1) + 1; s_block = chunk->md_blocks + s_index; e_block = chunk->md_blocks + e_index; /* * Check if the freed area aligns with the block->contig_hint. * If it does, then the scan to find the beginning/end of the * larger free area can be avoided. * * start and end refer to beginning and end of the free area * within each their respective blocks. This is not necessarily * the entire free area as it may span blocks past the beginning * or end of the block. */ start = s_off; if (s_off == s_block->contig_hint + s_block->contig_hint_start) { start = s_block->contig_hint_start; } else { /* * Scan backwards to find the extent of the free area. * find_last_bit returns the starting bit, so if the start bit * is returned, that means there was no last bit and the * remainder of the chunk is free. */ int l_bit = find_last_bit(pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, s_index), start); start = (start == l_bit) ? 0 : l_bit + 1; } end = e_off; if (e_off == e_block->contig_hint_start) end = e_block->contig_hint_start + e_block->contig_hint; else end = find_next_bit(pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, e_index), PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, end); /* update s_block */ e_off = (s_index == e_index) ? end : PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; if (!start && e_off == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; pcpu_block_update(s_block, start, e_off); /* freeing in the same block */ if (s_index != e_index) { /* update e_block */ if (end == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; pcpu_block_update(e_block, 0, end); /* reset md_blocks in the middle */ nr_empty_pages += (e_index - s_index - 1); for (block = s_block + 1; block < e_block; block++) { block->first_free = 0; block->scan_hint = 0; block->contig_hint_start = 0; block->contig_hint = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; block->left_free = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; block->right_free = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; } } if (nr_empty_pages) pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, nr_empty_pages); /* * Refresh chunk metadata when the free makes a block free or spans * across blocks. The contig_hint may be off by up to a page, but if * the contig_hint is contained in a block, it will be accurate with * the else condition below. */ if (((end - start) >= PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) || s_index != e_index) pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint(chunk, true); else pcpu_block_update(&chunk->chunk_md, pcpu_block_off_to_off(s_index, start), end); } /** * pcpu_is_populated - determines if the region is populated * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of area * @next_off: return value for the next offset to start searching * * For atomic allocations, check if the backing pages are populated. * * RETURNS: * Bool if the backing pages are populated. * next_index is to skip over unpopulated blocks in pcpu_find_block_fit. */ static bool pcpu_is_populated(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits, int *next_off) { unsigned int page_start, page_end, rs, re; page_start = PFN_DOWN(bit_off * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); page_end = PFN_UP((bit_off + bits) * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); rs = page_start; bitmap_next_clear_region(chunk->populated, &rs, &re, page_end); if (rs >= page_end) return true; *next_off = re * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; return false; } /** * pcpu_find_block_fit - finds the block index to start searching * @chunk: chunk of interest * @alloc_bits: size of request in allocation units * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE bytes) * @pop_only: use populated regions only * * Given a chunk and an allocation spec, find the offset to begin searching * for a free region. This iterates over the bitmap metadata blocks to * find an offset that will be guaranteed to fit the requirements. It is * not quite first fit as if the allocation does not fit in the contig hint * of a block or chunk, it is skipped. This errs on the side of caution * to prevent excess iteration. Poor alignment can cause the allocator to * skip over blocks and chunks that have valid free areas. * * RETURNS: * The offset in the bitmap to begin searching. * -1 if no offset is found. */ static int pcpu_find_block_fit(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits, size_t align, bool pop_only) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int bit_off, bits, next_off; /* * Check to see if the allocation can fit in the chunk's contig hint. * This is an optimization to prevent scanning by assuming if it * cannot fit in the global hint, there is memory pressure and creating * a new chunk would happen soon. */ bit_off = ALIGN(chunk_md->contig_hint_start, align) - chunk_md->contig_hint_start; if (bit_off + alloc_bits > chunk_md->contig_hint) return -1; bit_off = pcpu_next_hint(chunk_md, alloc_bits); bits = 0; pcpu_for_each_fit_region(chunk, alloc_bits, align, bit_off, bits) { if (!pop_only || pcpu_is_populated(chunk, bit_off, bits, &next_off)) break; bit_off = next_off; bits = 0; } if (bit_off == pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk)) return -1; return bit_off; } /* * pcpu_find_zero_area - modified from bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off() * @map: the address to base the search on * @size: the bitmap size in bits * @start: the bitnumber to start searching at * @nr: the number of zeroed bits we're looking for * @align_mask: alignment mask for zero area * @largest_off: offset of the largest area skipped * @largest_bits: size of the largest area skipped * * The @align_mask should be one less than a power of 2. * * This is a modified version of bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off() to remember * the largest area that was skipped. This is imperfect, but in general is * good enough. The largest remembered region is the largest failed region * seen. This does not include anything we possibly skipped due to alignment. * pcpu_block_update_scan() does scan backwards to try and recover what was * lost to alignment. While this can cause scanning to miss earlier possible * free areas, smaller allocations will eventually fill those holes. */ static unsigned long pcpu_find_zero_area(unsigned long *map, unsigned long size, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr, unsigned long align_mask, unsigned long *largest_off, unsigned long *largest_bits) { unsigned long index, end, i, area_off, area_bits; again: index = find_next_zero_bit(map, size, start); /* Align allocation */ index = __ALIGN_MASK(index, align_mask); area_off = index; end = index + nr; if (end > size) return end; i = find_next_bit(map, end, index); if (i < end) { area_bits = i - area_off; /* remember largest unused area with best alignment */ if (area_bits > *largest_bits || (area_bits == *largest_bits && *largest_off && (!area_off || __ffs(area_off) > __ffs(*largest_off)))) { *largest_off = area_off; *largest_bits = area_bits; } start = i + 1; goto again; } return index; } /** * pcpu_alloc_area - allocates an area from a pcpu_chunk * @chunk: chunk of interest * @alloc_bits: size of request in allocation units * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @start: bit_off to start searching * * This function takes in a @start offset to begin searching to fit an * allocation of @alloc_bits with alignment @align. It needs to scan * the allocation map because if it fits within the block's contig hint, * @start will be block->first_free. This is an attempt to fill the * allocation prior to breaking the contig hint. The allocation and * boundary maps are updated accordingly if it confirms a valid * free area. * * RETURNS: * Allocated addr offset in @chunk on success. * -1 if no matching area is found. */ static int pcpu_alloc_area(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits, size_t align, int start) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; size_t align_mask = (align) ? (align - 1) : 0; unsigned long area_off = 0, area_bits = 0; int bit_off, end, oslot; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); oslot = pcpu_chunk_slot(chunk); /* * Search to find a fit. */ end = min_t(int, start + alloc_bits + PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk)); bit_off = pcpu_find_zero_area(chunk->alloc_map, end, start, alloc_bits, align_mask, &area_off, &area_bits); if (bit_off >= end) return -1; if (area_bits) pcpu_block_update_scan(chunk, area_off, area_bits); /* update alloc map */ bitmap_set(chunk->alloc_map, bit_off, alloc_bits); /* update boundary map */ set_bit(bit_off, chunk->bound_map); bitmap_clear(chunk->bound_map, bit_off + 1, alloc_bits - 1); set_bit(bit_off + alloc_bits, chunk->bound_map); chunk->free_bytes -= alloc_bits * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; /* update first free bit */ if (bit_off == chunk_md->first_free) chunk_md->first_free = find_next_zero_bit( chunk->alloc_map, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk), bit_off + alloc_bits); pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(chunk, bit_off, alloc_bits); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, oslot); return bit_off * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_free_area - frees the corresponding offset * @chunk: chunk of interest * @off: addr offset into chunk * * This function determines the size of an allocation to free using * the boundary bitmap and clears the allocation map. * * RETURNS: * Number of freed bytes. */ static int pcpu_free_area(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int bit_off, bits, end, oslot, freed; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(chunk); oslot = pcpu_chunk_slot(chunk); bit_off = off / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; /* find end index */ end = find_next_bit(chunk->bound_map, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk), bit_off + 1); bits = end - bit_off; bitmap_clear(chunk->alloc_map, bit_off, bits); freed = bits * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; /* update metadata */ chunk->free_bytes += freed; /* update first free bit */ chunk_md->first_free = min(chunk_md->first_free, bit_off); pcpu_block_update_hint_free(chunk, bit_off, bits); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, oslot); return freed; } static void pcpu_init_md_block(struct pcpu_block_md *block, int nr_bits) { block->scan_hint = 0; block->contig_hint = nr_bits; block->left_free = nr_bits; block->right_free = nr_bits; block->first_free = 0; block->nr_bits = nr_bits; } static void pcpu_init_md_blocks(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { struct pcpu_block_md *md_block; /* init the chunk's block */ pcpu_init_md_block(&chunk->chunk_md, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk)); for (md_block = chunk->md_blocks; md_block != chunk->md_blocks + pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk); md_block++) pcpu_init_md_block(md_block, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS); } /** * pcpu_alloc_first_chunk - creates chunks that serve the first chunk * @tmp_addr: the start of the region served * @map_size: size of the region served * * This is responsible for creating the chunks that serve the first chunk. The * base_addr is page aligned down of @tmp_addr while the region end is page * aligned up. Offsets are kept track of to determine the region served. All * this is done to appease the bitmap allocator in avoiding partial blocks. * * RETURNS: * Chunk serving the region at @tmp_addr of @map_size. */ static struct pcpu_chunk * __init pcpu_alloc_first_chunk(unsigned long tmp_addr, int map_size) { struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; unsigned long aligned_addr, lcm_align; int start_offset, offset_bits, region_size, region_bits; size_t alloc_size; /* region calculations */ aligned_addr = tmp_addr & PAGE_MASK; start_offset = tmp_addr - aligned_addr; /* * Align the end of the region with the LCM of PAGE_SIZE and * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE. One of these constants is a multiple of * the other. */ lcm_align = lcm(PAGE_SIZE, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE); region_size = ALIGN(start_offset + map_size, lcm_align); /* allocate chunk */ alloc_size = struct_size(chunk, populated, BITS_TO_LONGS(region_size >> PAGE_SHIFT)); chunk = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chunk->list); chunk->base_addr = (void *)aligned_addr; chunk->start_offset = start_offset; chunk->end_offset = region_size - chunk->start_offset - map_size; chunk->nr_pages = region_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; region_bits = pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk); alloc_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits) * sizeof(chunk->alloc_map[0]); chunk->alloc_map = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk->alloc_map) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits + 1) * sizeof(chunk->bound_map[0]); chunk->bound_map = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk->bound_map) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk) * sizeof(chunk->md_blocks[0]); chunk->md_blocks = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk->md_blocks) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM /* first chunk isn't memcg-aware */ chunk->obj_cgroups = NULL; #endif pcpu_init_md_blocks(chunk); /* manage populated page bitmap */ chunk->immutable = true; bitmap_fill(chunk->populated, chunk->nr_pages); chunk->nr_populated = chunk->nr_pages; chunk->nr_empty_pop_pages = chunk->nr_pages; chunk->free_bytes = map_size; if (chunk->start_offset) { /* hide the beginning of the bitmap */ offset_bits = chunk->start_offset / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; bitmap_set(chunk->alloc_map, 0, offset_bits); set_bit(0, chunk->bound_map); set_bit(offset_bits, chunk->bound_map); chunk->chunk_md.first_free = offset_bits; pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(chunk, 0, offset_bits); } if (chunk->end_offset) { /* hide the end of the bitmap */ offset_bits = chunk->end_offset / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; bitmap_set(chunk->alloc_map, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk) - offset_bits, offset_bits); set_bit((start_offset + map_size) / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE, chunk->bound_map); set_bit(region_bits, chunk->bound_map); pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(chunk, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk) - offset_bits, offset_bits); } return chunk; } static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_alloc_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type type, gfp_t gfp) { struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; int region_bits; chunk = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_struct_size, gfp); if (!chunk) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chunk->list); chunk->nr_pages = pcpu_unit_pages; region_bits = pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk); chunk->alloc_map = pcpu_mem_zalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits) * sizeof(chunk->alloc_map[0]), gfp); if (!chunk->alloc_map) goto alloc_map_fail; chunk->bound_map = pcpu_mem_zalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits + 1) * sizeof(chunk->bound_map[0]), gfp); if (!chunk->bound_map) goto bound_map_fail; chunk->md_blocks = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk) * sizeof(chunk->md_blocks[0]), gfp); if (!chunk->md_blocks) goto md_blocks_fail; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM if (pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(type)) { chunk->obj_cgroups = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk) * sizeof(struct obj_cgroup *), gfp); if (!chunk->obj_cgroups) goto objcg_fail; } #endif pcpu_init_md_blocks(chunk); /* init metadata */ chunk->free_bytes = chunk->nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE; return chunk; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM objcg_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk->md_blocks); #endif md_blocks_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk->bound_map); bound_map_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk->alloc_map); alloc_map_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk); return NULL; } static void pcpu_free_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { if (!chunk) return; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM pcpu_mem_free(chunk->obj_cgroups); #endif pcpu_mem_free(chunk->md_blocks); pcpu_mem_free(chunk->bound_map); pcpu_mem_free(chunk->alloc_map); pcpu_mem_free(chunk); } /** * pcpu_chunk_populated - post-population bookkeeping * @chunk: pcpu_chunk which got populated * @page_start: the start page * @page_end: the end page * * Pages in [@page_start,@page_end) have been populated to @chunk. Update * the bookkeeping information accordingly. Must be called after each * successful population. * * If this is @for_alloc, do not increment pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages because it * is to serve an allocation in that area. */ static void pcpu_chunk_populated(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end) { int nr = page_end - page_start; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); bitmap_set(chunk->populated, page_start, nr); chunk->nr_populated += nr; pcpu_nr_populated += nr; pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, nr); } /** * pcpu_chunk_depopulated - post-depopulation bookkeeping * @chunk: pcpu_chunk which got depopulated * @page_start: the start page * @page_end: the end page * * Pages in [@page_start,@page_end) have been depopulated from @chunk. * Update the bookkeeping information accordingly. Must be called after * each successful depopulation. */ static void pcpu_chunk_depopulated(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end) { int nr = page_end - page_start; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); bitmap_clear(chunk->populated, page_start, nr); chunk->nr_populated -= nr; pcpu_nr_populated -= nr; pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, -nr); } /* * Chunk management implementation. * * To allow different implementations, chunk alloc/free and * [de]population are implemented in a separate file which is pulled * into this file and compiled together. The following functions * should be implemented. * * pcpu_populate_chunk - populate the specified range of a chunk * pcpu_depopulate_chunk - depopulate the specified range of a chunk * pcpu_create_chunk - create a new chunk * pcpu_destroy_chunk - destroy a chunk, always preceded by full depop * pcpu_addr_to_page - translate address to physical address * pcpu_verify_alloc_info - check alloc_info is acceptable during init */ static int pcpu_populate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end, gfp_t gfp); static void pcpu_depopulate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end); static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type type, gfp_t gfp); static void pcpu_destroy_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk); static struct page *pcpu_addr_to_page(void *addr); static int __init pcpu_verify_alloc_info(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai); #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_KM #include "percpu-km.c" #else #include "percpu-vm.c" #endif /** * pcpu_chunk_addr_search - determine chunk containing specified address * @addr: address for which the chunk needs to be determined. * * This is an internal function that handles all but static allocations. * Static percpu address values should never be passed into the allocator. * * RETURNS: * The address of the found chunk. */ static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_chunk_addr_search(void *addr) { /* is it in the dynamic region (first chunk)? */ if (pcpu_addr_in_chunk(pcpu_first_chunk, addr)) return pcpu_first_chunk; /* is it in the reserved region? */ if (pcpu_addr_in_chunk(pcpu_reserved_chunk, addr)) return pcpu_reserved_chunk; /* * The address is relative to unit0 which might be unused and * thus unmapped. Offset the address to the unit space of the * current processor before looking it up in the vmalloc * space. Note that any possible cpu id can be used here, so * there's no need to worry about preemption or cpu hotplug. */ addr += pcpu_unit_offsets[raw_smp_processor_id()]; return pcpu_get_page_chunk(pcpu_addr_to_page(addr)); } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_memcg_pre_alloc_hook(size_t size, gfp_t gfp, struct obj_cgroup **objcgp) { struct obj_cgroup *objcg; if (!memcg_kmem_enabled() || !(gfp & __GFP_ACCOUNT)) return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; objcg = get_obj_cgroup_from_current(); if (!objcg) return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; if (obj_cgroup_charge(objcg, gfp, size * num_possible_cpus())) { obj_cgroup_put(objcg); return PCPU_FAIL_ALLOC; } *objcgp = objcg; return PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; } static void pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(struct obj_cgroup *objcg, struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { if (!objcg) return; if (chunk) { chunk->obj_cgroups[off >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT] = objcg; rcu_read_lock(); mod_memcg_state(obj_cgroup_memcg(objcg), MEMCG_PERCPU_B, size * num_possible_cpus()); rcu_read_unlock(); } else { obj_cgroup_uncharge(objcg, size * num_possible_cpus()); obj_cgroup_put(objcg); } } static void pcpu_memcg_free_hook(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { struct obj_cgroup *objcg; if (!pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(pcpu_chunk_type(chunk))) return; objcg = chunk->obj_cgroups[off >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT]; chunk->obj_cgroups[off >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT] = NULL; obj_cgroup_uncharge(objcg, size * num_possible_cpus()); rcu_read_lock(); mod_memcg_state(obj_cgroup_memcg(objcg), MEMCG_PERCPU_B, -(size * num_possible_cpus())); rcu_read_unlock(); obj_cgroup_put(objcg); } #else /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ static enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_memcg_pre_alloc_hook(size_t size, gfp_t gfp, struct obj_cgroup **objcgp) { return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static void pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(struct obj_cgroup *objcg, struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { } static void pcpu_memcg_free_hook(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ /** * pcpu_alloc - the percpu allocator * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @reserved: allocate from the reserved chunk if available * @gfp: allocation flags * * Allocate percpu area of @size bytes aligned at @align. If @gfp doesn't * contain %GFP_KERNEL, the allocation is atomic. If @gfp has __GFP_NOWARN * then no warning will be triggered on invalid or failed allocation * requests. * * RETURNS: * Percpu pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ static void __percpu *pcpu_alloc(size_t size, size_t align, bool reserved, gfp_t gfp) { gfp_t pcpu_gfp; bool is_atomic; bool do_warn; enum pcpu_chunk_type type; struct list_head *pcpu_slot; struct obj_cgroup *objcg = NULL; static int warn_limit = 10; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, *next; const char *err; int slot, off, cpu, ret; unsigned long flags; void __percpu *ptr; size_t bits, bit_align; gfp = current_gfp_context(gfp); /* whitelisted flags that can be passed to the backing allocators */ pcpu_gfp = gfp & (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN); is_atomic = (gfp & GFP_KERNEL) != GFP_KERNEL; do_warn = !(gfp & __GFP_NOWARN); /* * There is now a minimum allocation size of PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE, * therefore alignment must be a minimum of that many bytes. * An allocation may have internal fragmentation from rounding up * of up to PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE - 1 bytes. */ if (unlikely(align < PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE)) align = PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; size = ALIGN(size, PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); bits = size >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT; bit_align = align >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT; if (unlikely(!size || size > PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE || align > PAGE_SIZE || !is_power_of_2(align))) { WARN(do_warn, "illegal size (%zu) or align (%zu) for percpu allocation\n", size, align); return NULL; } type = pcpu_memcg_pre_alloc_hook(size, gfp, &objcg); if (unlikely(type == PCPU_FAIL_ALLOC)) return NULL; pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(type); if (!is_atomic) { /* * pcpu_balance_workfn() allocates memory under this mutex, * and it may wait for memory reclaim. Allow current task * to become OOM victim, in case of memory pressure. */ if (gfp & __GFP_NOFAIL) { mutex_lock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } else if (mutex_lock_killable(&pcpu_alloc_mutex)) { pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(objcg, NULL, 0, size); return NULL; } } spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); /* serve reserved allocations from the reserved chunk if available */ if (reserved && pcpu_reserved_chunk) { chunk = pcpu_reserved_chunk; off = pcpu_find_block_fit(chunk, bits, bit_align, is_atomic); if (off < 0) { err = "alloc from reserved chunk failed"; goto fail_unlock; } off = pcpu_alloc_area(chunk, bits, bit_align, off); if (off >= 0) goto area_found; err = "alloc from reserved chunk failed"; goto fail_unlock; } restart: /* search through normal chunks */ for (slot = pcpu_size_to_slot(size); slot < pcpu_nr_slots; slot++) { list_for_each_entry_safe(chunk, next, &pcpu_slot[slot], list) { off = pcpu_find_block_fit(chunk, bits, bit_align, is_atomic); if (off < 0) { if (slot < PCPU_SLOT_FAIL_THRESHOLD) pcpu_chunk_move(chunk, 0); continue; } off = pcpu_alloc_area(chunk, bits, bit_align, off); if (off >= 0) goto area_found; } } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); /* * No space left. Create a new chunk. We don't want multiple * tasks to create chunks simultaneously. Serialize and create iff * there's still no empty chunk after grabbing the mutex. */ if (is_atomic) { err = "atomic alloc failed, no space left"; goto fail; } if (list_empty(&pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1])) { chunk = pcpu_create_chunk(type, pcpu_gfp); if (!chunk) { err = "failed to allocate new chunk"; goto fail; } spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, -1); } else { spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); } goto restart; area_found: pcpu_stats_area_alloc(chunk, size); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); /* populate if not all pages are already there */ if (!is_atomic) { unsigned int page_start, page_end, rs, re; page_start = PFN_DOWN(off); page_end = PFN_UP(off + size); bitmap_for_each_clear_region(chunk->populated, rs, re, page_start, page_end) { WARN_ON(chunk->immutable); ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, re, pcpu_gfp); spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); if (ret) { pcpu_free_area(chunk, off); err = "failed to populate"; goto fail_unlock; } pcpu_chunk_populated(chunk, rs, re); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } mutex_unlock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } if (pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[type] < PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_LOW) pcpu_schedule_balance_work(); /* clear the areas and return address relative to base address */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) memset((void *)pcpu_chunk_addr(chunk, cpu, 0) + off, 0, size); ptr = __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(chunk->base_addr + off); kmemleak_alloc_percpu(ptr, size, gfp); trace_percpu_alloc_percpu(reserved, is_atomic, size, align, chunk->base_addr, off, ptr); pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(objcg, chunk, off, size); return ptr; fail_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); fail: trace_percpu_alloc_percpu_fail(reserved, is_atomic, size, align); if (!is_atomic && do_warn && warn_limit) { pr_warn("allocation failed, size=%zu align=%zu atomic=%d, %s\n", size, align, is_atomic, err); dump_stack(); if (!--warn_limit) pr_info("limit reached, disable warning\n"); } if (is_atomic) { /* see the flag handling in pcpu_blance_workfn() */ pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed = true; pcpu_schedule_balance_work(); } else { mutex_unlock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(objcg, NULL, 0, size); return NULL; } /** * __alloc_percpu_gfp - allocate dynamic percpu area * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @gfp: allocation flags * * Allocate zero-filled percpu area of @size bytes aligned at @align. If * @gfp doesn't contain %GFP_KERNEL, the allocation doesn't block and can * be called from any context but is a lot more likely to fail. If @gfp * has __GFP_NOWARN then no warning will be triggered on invalid or failed * allocation requests. * * RETURNS: * Percpu pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ void __percpu *__alloc_percpu_gfp(size_t size, size_t align, gfp_t gfp) { return pcpu_alloc(size, align, false, gfp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__alloc_percpu_gfp); /** * __alloc_percpu - allocate dynamic percpu area * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * * Equivalent to __alloc_percpu_gfp(size, align, %GFP_KERNEL). */ void __percpu *__alloc_percpu(size_t size, size_t align) { return pcpu_alloc(size, align, false, GFP_KERNEL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__alloc_percpu); /** * __alloc_reserved_percpu - allocate reserved percpu area * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * * Allocate zero-filled percpu area of @size bytes aligned at @align * from reserved percpu area if arch has set it up; otherwise, * allocation is served from the same dynamic area. Might sleep. * Might trigger writeouts. * * CONTEXT: * Does GFP_KERNEL allocation. * * RETURNS: * Percpu pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ void __percpu *__alloc_reserved_percpu(size_t size, size_t align) { return pcpu_alloc(size, align, true, GFP_KERNEL); } /** * __pcpu_balance_workfn - manage the amount of free chunks and populated pages * @type: chunk type * * Reclaim all fully free chunks except for the first one. This is also * responsible for maintaining the pool of empty populated pages. However, * it is possible that this is called when physical memory is scarce causing * OOM killer to be triggered. We should avoid doing so until an actual * allocation causes the failure as it is possible that requests can be * serviced from already backed regions. */ static void __pcpu_balance_workfn(enum pcpu_chunk_type type) { /* gfp flags passed to underlying allocators */ const gfp_t gfp = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN; LIST_HEAD(to_free); struct list_head *pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(type); struct list_head *free_head = &pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1]; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, *next; int slot, nr_to_pop, ret; /* * There's no reason to keep around multiple unused chunks and VM * areas can be scarce. Destroy all free chunks except for one. */ mutex_lock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(chunk, next, free_head, list) { WARN_ON(chunk->immutable); /* spare the first one */ if (chunk == list_first_entry(free_head, struct pcpu_chunk, list)) continue; list_move(&chunk->list, &to_free); } spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(chunk, next, &to_free, list) { unsigned int rs, re; bitmap_for_each_set_region(chunk->populated, rs, re, 0, chunk->nr_pages) { pcpu_depopulate_chunk(chunk, rs, re); spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_chunk_depopulated(chunk, rs, re); spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); } pcpu_destroy_chunk(chunk); cond_resched(); } /* * Ensure there are certain number of free populated pages for * atomic allocs. Fill up from the most packed so that atomic * allocs don't increase fragmentation. If atomic allocation * failed previously, always populate the maximum amount. This * should prevent atomic allocs larger than PAGE_SIZE from keeping * failing indefinitely; however, large atomic allocs are not * something we support properly and can be highly unreliable and * inefficient. */ retry_pop: if (pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed) { nr_to_pop = PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH; /* best effort anyway, don't worry about synchronization */ pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed = false; } else { nr_to_pop = clamp(PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH - pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[type], 0, PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH); } for (slot = pcpu_size_to_slot(PAGE_SIZE); slot < pcpu_nr_slots; slot++) { unsigned int nr_unpop = 0, rs, re; if (!nr_to_pop) break; spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); list_for_each_entry(chunk, &pcpu_slot[slot], list) { nr_unpop = chunk->nr_pages - chunk->nr_populated; if (nr_unpop) break; } spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); if (!nr_unpop) continue; /* @chunk can't go away while pcpu_alloc_mutex is held */ bitmap_for_each_clear_region(chunk->populated, rs, re, 0, chunk->nr_pages) { int nr = min_t(int, re - rs, nr_to_pop); ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, rs + nr, gfp); if (!ret) { nr_to_pop -= nr; spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_chunk_populated(chunk, rs, rs + nr); spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); } else { nr_to_pop = 0; } if (!nr_to_pop) break; } } if (nr_to_pop) { /* ran out of chunks to populate, create a new one and retry */ chunk = pcpu_create_chunk(type, gfp); if (chunk) { spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, -1); spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); goto retry_pop; } } mutex_unlock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } /** * pcpu_balance_workfn - manage the amount of free chunks and populated pages * @work: unused * * Call __pcpu_balance_workfn() for each chunk type. */ static void pcpu_balance_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { enum pcpu_chunk_type type; for (type = 0; type < PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES; type++) __pcpu_balance_workfn(type); } /** * free_percpu - free percpu area * @ptr: pointer to area to free * * Free percpu area @ptr. * * CONTEXT: * Can be called from atomic context. */ void free_percpu(void __percpu *ptr) { void *addr; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; unsigned long flags; int size, off; bool need_balance = false; struct list_head *pcpu_slot; if (!ptr) return; kmemleak_free_percpu(ptr); addr = __pcpu_ptr_to_addr(ptr); spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); chunk = pcpu_chunk_addr_search(addr); off = addr - chunk->base_addr; size = pcpu_free_area(chunk, off); pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(pcpu_chunk_type(chunk)); pcpu_memcg_free_hook(chunk, off, size); /* if there are more than one fully free chunks, wake up grim reaper */ if (chunk->free_bytes == pcpu_unit_size) { struct pcpu_chunk *pos; list_for_each_entry(pos, &pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1], list) if (pos != chunk) { need_balance = true; break; } } trace_percpu_free_percpu(chunk->base_addr, off, ptr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); if (need_balance) pcpu_schedule_balance_work(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_percpu); bool __is_kernel_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP const size_t static_size = __per_cpu_end - __per_cpu_start; void __percpu *base = __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(pcpu_base_addr); unsigned int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { void *start = per_cpu_ptr(base, cpu); void *va = (void *)addr; if (va >= start && va < start + static_size) { if (can_addr) { *can_addr = (unsigned long) (va - start); *can_addr += (unsigned long) per_cpu_ptr(base, get_boot_cpu_id()); } return true; } } #endif /* on UP, can't distinguish from other static vars, always false */ return false; } /** * is_kernel_percpu_address - test whether address is from static percpu area * @addr: address to test * * Test whether @addr belongs to in-kernel static percpu area. Module * static percpu areas are not considered. For those, use * is_module_percpu_address(). * * RETURNS: * %true if @addr is from in-kernel static percpu area, %false otherwise. */ bool is_kernel_percpu_address(unsigned long addr) { return __is_kernel_percpu_address(addr, NULL); } /** * per_cpu_ptr_to_phys - convert translated percpu address to physical address * @addr: the address to be converted to physical address * * Given @addr which is dereferenceable address obtained via one of * percpu access macros, this function translates it into its physical * address. The caller is responsible for ensuring @addr stays valid * until this function finishes. * * percpu allocator has special setup for the first chunk, which currently * supports either embedding in linear address space or vmalloc mapping, * and, from the second one, the backing allocator (currently either vm or * km) provides translation. * * The addr can be translated simply without checking if it falls into the * first chunk. But the current code reflects better how percpu allocator * actually works, and the verification can discover both bugs in percpu * allocator itself and per_cpu_ptr_to_phys() callers. So we keep current * code. * * RETURNS: * The physical address for @addr. */ phys_addr_t per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(void *addr) { void __percpu *base = __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(pcpu_base_addr); bool in_first_chunk = false; unsigned long first_low, first_high; unsigned int cpu; /* * The following test on unit_low/high isn't strictly * necessary but will speed up lookups of addresses which * aren't in the first chunk. * * The address check is against full chunk sizes. pcpu_base_addr * points to the beginning of the first chunk including the * static region. Assumes good intent as the first chunk may * not be full (ie. < pcpu_unit_pages in size). */ first_low = (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr + pcpu_unit_page_offset(pcpu_low_unit_cpu, 0); first_high = (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr + pcpu_unit_page_offset(pcpu_high_unit_cpu, pcpu_unit_pages); if ((unsigned long)addr >= first_low && (unsigned long)addr < first_high) { for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { void *start = per_cpu_ptr(base, cpu); if (addr >= start && addr < start + pcpu_unit_size) { in_first_chunk = true; break; } } } if (in_first_chunk) { if (!is_vmalloc_addr(addr)) return __pa(addr); else return page_to_phys(vmalloc_to_page(addr)) + offset_in_page(addr); } else return page_to_phys(pcpu_addr_to_page(addr)) + offset_in_page(addr); } /** * pcpu_alloc_alloc_info - allocate percpu allocation info * @nr_groups: the number of groups * @nr_units: the number of units * * Allocate ai which is large enough for @nr_groups groups containing * @nr_units units. The returned ai's groups[0].cpu_map points to the * cpu_map array which is long enough for @nr_units and filled with * NR_CPUS. It's the caller's responsibility to initialize cpu_map * pointer of other groups. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to the allocated pcpu_alloc_info on success, NULL on * failure. */ struct pcpu_alloc_info * __init pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(int nr_groups, int nr_units) { struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; size_t base_size, ai_size; void *ptr; int unit; base_size = ALIGN(struct_size(ai, groups, nr_groups), __alignof__(ai->groups[0].cpu_map[0])); ai_size = base_size + nr_units * sizeof(ai->groups[0].cpu_map[0]); ptr = memblock_alloc(PFN_ALIGN(ai_size), PAGE_SIZE); if (!ptr) return NULL; ai = ptr; ptr += base_size; ai->groups[0].cpu_map = ptr; for (unit = 0; unit < nr_units; unit++) ai->groups[0].cpu_map[unit] = NR_CPUS; ai->nr_groups = nr_groups; ai->__ai_size = PFN_ALIGN(ai_size); return ai; } /** * pcpu_free_alloc_info - free percpu allocation info * @ai: pcpu_alloc_info to free * * Free @ai which was allocated by pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(). */ void __init pcpu_free_alloc_info(struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { memblock_free_early(__pa(ai), ai->__ai_size); } /** * pcpu_dump_alloc_info - print out information about pcpu_alloc_info * @lvl: loglevel * @ai: allocation info to dump * * Print out information about @ai using loglevel @lvl. */ static void pcpu_dump_alloc_info(const char *lvl, const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { int group_width = 1, cpu_width = 1, width; char empty_str[] = "--------"; int alloc = 0, alloc_end = 0; int group, v; int upa, apl; /* units per alloc, allocs per line */ v = ai->nr_groups; while (v /= 10) group_width++; v = num_possible_cpus(); while (v /= 10) cpu_width++; empty_str[min_t(int, cpu_width, sizeof(empty_str) - 1)] = '\0'; upa = ai->alloc_size / ai->unit_size; width = upa * (cpu_width + 1) + group_width + 3; apl = rounddown_pow_of_two(max(60 / width, 1)); printk("%spcpu-alloc: s%zu r%zu d%zu u%zu alloc=%zu*%zu", lvl, ai->static_size, ai->reserved_size, ai->dyn_size, ai->unit_size, ai->alloc_size / ai->atom_size, ai->atom_size); for (group = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++) { const struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; int unit = 0, unit_end = 0; BUG_ON(gi->nr_units % upa); for (alloc_end += gi->nr_units / upa; alloc < alloc_end; alloc++) { if (!(alloc % apl)) { pr_cont("\n"); printk("%spcpu-alloc: ", lvl); } pr_cont("[%0*d] ", group_width, group); for (unit_end += upa; unit < unit_end; unit++) if (gi->cpu_map[unit] != NR_CPUS) pr_cont("%0*d ", cpu_width, gi->cpu_map[unit]); else pr_cont("%s ", empty_str); } } pr_cont("\n"); } /** * pcpu_setup_first_chunk - initialize the first percpu chunk * @ai: pcpu_alloc_info describing how to percpu area is shaped * @base_addr: mapped address * * Initialize the first percpu chunk which contains the kernel static * percpu area. This function is to be called from arch percpu area * setup path. * * @ai contains all information necessary to initialize the first * chunk and prime the dynamic percpu allocator. * * @ai->static_size is the size of static percpu area. * * @ai->reserved_size, if non-zero, specifies the amount of bytes to * reserve after the static area in the first chunk. This reserves * the first chunk such that it's available only through reserved * percpu allocation. This is primarily used to serve module percpu * static areas on architectures where the addressing model has * limited offset range for symbol relocations to guarantee module * percpu symbols fall inside the relocatable range. * * @ai->dyn_size determines the number of bytes available for dynamic * allocation in the first chunk. The area between @ai->static_size + * @ai->reserved_size + @ai->dyn_size and @ai->unit_size is unused. * * @ai->unit_size specifies unit size and must be aligned to PAGE_SIZE * and equal to or larger than @ai->static_size + @ai->reserved_size + * @ai->dyn_size. * * @ai->atom_size is the allocation atom size and used as alignment * for vm areas. * * @ai->alloc_size is the allocation size and always multiple of * @ai->atom_size. This is larger than @ai->atom_size if * @ai->unit_size is larger than @ai->atom_size. * * @ai->nr_groups and @ai->groups describe virtual memory layout of * percpu areas. Units which should be colocated are put into the * same group. Dynamic VM areas will be allocated according to these * groupings. If @ai->nr_groups is zero, a single group containing * all units is assumed. * * The caller should have mapped the first chunk at @base_addr and * copied static data to each unit. * * The first chunk will always contain a static and a dynamic region. * However, the static region is not managed by any chunk. If the first * chunk also contains a reserved region, it is served by two chunks - * one for the reserved region and one for the dynamic region. They * share the same vm, but use offset regions in the area allocation map. * The chunk serving the dynamic region is circulated in the chunk slots * and available for dynamic allocation like any other chunk. */ void __init pcpu_setup_first_chunk(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai, void *base_addr) { size_t size_sum = ai->static_size + ai->reserved_size + ai->dyn_size; size_t static_size, dyn_size; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; unsigned long *group_offsets; size_t *group_sizes; unsigned long *unit_off; unsigned int cpu; int *unit_map; int group, unit, i; int map_size; unsigned long tmp_addr; size_t alloc_size; enum pcpu_chunk_type type; #define PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(cond) do { \ if (unlikely(cond)) { \ pr_emerg("failed to initialize, %s\n", #cond); \ pr_emerg("cpu_possible_mask=%*pb\n", \ cpumask_pr_args(cpu_possible_mask)); \ pcpu_dump_alloc_info(KERN_EMERG, ai); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) /* sanity checks */ PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->nr_groups <= 0); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!ai->static_size); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(offset_in_page(__per_cpu_start)); #endif PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!base_addr); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(offset_in_page(base_addr)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->unit_size < size_sum); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(offset_in_page(ai->unit_size)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->unit_size < PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(ai->unit_size, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->dyn_size < PERCPU_DYNAMIC_EARLY_SIZE); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!ai->dyn_size); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(ai->reserved_size, PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!(IS_ALIGNED(PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE) || IS_ALIGNED(PAGE_SIZE, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE))); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(pcpu_verify_alloc_info(ai) < 0); /* process group information and build config tables accordingly */ alloc_size = ai->nr_groups * sizeof(group_offsets[0]); group_offsets = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!group_offsets) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = ai->nr_groups * sizeof(group_sizes[0]); group_sizes = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!group_sizes) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(unit_map[0]); unit_map = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!unit_map) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(unit_off[0]); unit_off = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!unit_off) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); for (cpu = 0; cpu < nr_cpu_ids; cpu++) unit_map[cpu] = UINT_MAX; pcpu_low_unit_cpu = NR_CPUS; pcpu_high_unit_cpu = NR_CPUS; for (group = 0, unit = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++, unit += i) { const struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; group_offsets[group] = gi->base_offset; group_sizes[group] = gi->nr_units * ai->unit_size; for (i = 0; i < gi->nr_units; i++) { cpu = gi->cpu_map[i]; if (cpu == NR_CPUS) continue; PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(cpu >= nr_cpu_ids); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!cpu_possible(cpu)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(unit_map[cpu] != UINT_MAX); unit_map[cpu] = unit + i; unit_off[cpu] = gi->base_offset + i * ai->unit_size; /* determine low/high unit_cpu */ if (pcpu_low_unit_cpu == NR_CPUS || unit_off[cpu] < unit_off[pcpu_low_unit_cpu]) pcpu_low_unit_cpu = cpu; if (pcpu_high_unit_cpu == NR_CPUS || unit_off[cpu] > unit_off[pcpu_high_unit_cpu]) pcpu_high_unit_cpu = cpu; } } pcpu_nr_units = unit; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(unit_map[cpu] == UINT_MAX); /* we're done parsing the input, undefine BUG macro and dump config */ #undef PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON pcpu_dump_alloc_info(KERN_DEBUG, ai); pcpu_nr_groups = ai->nr_groups; pcpu_group_offsets = group_offsets; pcpu_group_sizes = group_sizes; pcpu_unit_map = unit_map; pcpu_unit_offsets = unit_off; /* determine basic parameters */ pcpu_unit_pages = ai->unit_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; pcpu_unit_size = pcpu_unit_pages << PAGE_SHIFT; pcpu_atom_size = ai->atom_size; pcpu_chunk_struct_size = struct_size(chunk, populated, BITS_TO_LONGS(pcpu_unit_pages)); pcpu_stats_save_ai(ai); /* * Allocate chunk slots. The additional last slot is for * empty chunks. */ pcpu_nr_slots = __pcpu_size_to_slot(pcpu_unit_size) + 2; pcpu_chunk_lists = memblock_alloc(pcpu_nr_slots * sizeof(pcpu_chunk_lists[0]) * PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!pcpu_chunk_lists) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, pcpu_nr_slots * sizeof(pcpu_chunk_lists[0]) * PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES); for (type = 0; type < PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES; type++) for (i = 0; i < pcpu_nr_slots; i++) INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pcpu_chunk_list(type)[i]); /* * The end of the static region needs to be aligned with the * minimum allocation size as this offsets the reserved and * dynamic region. The first chunk ends page aligned by * expanding the dynamic region, therefore the dynamic region * can be shrunk to compensate while still staying above the * configured sizes. */ static_size = ALIGN(ai->static_size, PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); dyn_size = ai->dyn_size - (static_size - ai->static_size); /* * Initialize first chunk. * If the reserved_size is non-zero, this initializes the reserved * chunk. If the reserved_size is zero, the reserved chunk is NULL * and the dynamic region is initialized here. The first chunk, * pcpu_first_chunk, will always point to the chunk that serves * the dynamic region. */ tmp_addr = (unsigned long)base_addr + static_size; map_size = ai->reserved_size ?: dyn_size; chunk = pcpu_alloc_first_chunk(tmp_addr, map_size); /* init dynamic chunk if necessary */ if (ai->reserved_size) { pcpu_reserved_chunk = chunk; tmp_addr = (unsigned long)base_addr + static_size + ai->reserved_size; map_size = dyn_size; chunk = pcpu_alloc_first_chunk(tmp_addr, map_size); } /* link the first chunk in */ pcpu_first_chunk = chunk; pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT] = pcpu_first_chunk->nr_empty_pop_pages; pcpu_chunk_relocate(pcpu_first_chunk, -1); /* include all regions of the first chunk */ pcpu_nr_populated += PFN_DOWN(size_sum); pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(); trace_percpu_create_chunk(base_addr); /* we're done */ pcpu_base_addr = base_addr; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP const char * const pcpu_fc_names[PCPU_FC_NR] __initconst = { [PCPU_FC_AUTO] = "auto", [PCPU_FC_EMBED] = "embed", [PCPU_FC_PAGE] = "page", }; enum pcpu_fc pcpu_chosen_fc __initdata = PCPU_FC_AUTO; static int __init percpu_alloc_setup(char *str) { if (!str) return -EINVAL; if (0) /* nada */; #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK else if (!strcmp(str, "embed")) pcpu_chosen_fc = PCPU_FC_EMBED; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK else if (!strcmp(str, "page")) pcpu_chosen_fc = PCPU_FC_PAGE; #endif else pr_warn("unknown allocator %s specified\n", str); return 0; } early_param("percpu_alloc", percpu_alloc_setup); /* * pcpu_embed_first_chunk() is used by the generic percpu setup. * Build it if needed by the arch config or the generic setup is going * to be used. */ #if defined(CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK) || \ !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_SETUP_PER_CPU_AREA) #define BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK #endif /* build pcpu_page_first_chunk() iff needed by the arch config */ #if defined(CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK) #define BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK #endif /* pcpu_build_alloc_info() is used by both embed and page first chunk */ #if defined(BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK) || defined(BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK) /** * pcpu_build_alloc_info - build alloc_info considering distances between CPUs * @reserved_size: the size of reserved percpu area in bytes * @dyn_size: minimum free size for dynamic allocation in bytes * @atom_size: allocation atom size * @cpu_distance_fn: callback to determine distance between cpus, optional * * This function determines grouping of units, their mappings to cpus * and other parameters considering needed percpu size, allocation * atom size and distances between CPUs. * * Groups are always multiples of atom size and CPUs which are of * LOCAL_DISTANCE both ways are grouped together and share space for * units in the same group. The returned configuration is guaranteed * to have CPUs on different nodes on different groups and >=75% usage * of allocated virtual address space. * * RETURNS: * On success, pointer to the new allocation_info is returned. On * failure, ERR_PTR value is returned. */ static struct pcpu_alloc_info * __init pcpu_build_alloc_info( size_t reserved_size, size_t dyn_size, size_t atom_size, pcpu_fc_cpu_distance_fn_t cpu_distance_fn) { static int group_map[NR_CPUS] __initdata; static int group_cnt[NR_CPUS] __initdata; const size_t static_size = __per_cpu_end - __per_cpu_start; int nr_groups = 1, nr_units = 0; size_t size_sum, min_unit_size, alloc_size; int upa, max_upa, best_upa; /* units_per_alloc */ int last_allocs, group, unit; unsigned int cpu, tcpu; struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; unsigned int *cpu_map; /* this function may be called multiple times */ memset(group_map, 0, sizeof(group_map)); memset(group_cnt, 0, sizeof(group_cnt)); /* calculate size_sum and ensure dyn_size is enough for early alloc */ size_sum = PFN_ALIGN(static_size + reserved_size + max_t(size_t, dyn_size, PERCPU_DYNAMIC_EARLY_SIZE)); dyn_size = size_sum - static_size - reserved_size; /* * Determine min_unit_size, alloc_size and max_upa such that * alloc_size is multiple of atom_size and is the smallest * which can accommodate 4k aligned segments which are equal to * or larger than min_unit_size. */ min_unit_size = max_t(size_t, size_sum, PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE); /* determine the maximum # of units that can fit in an allocation */ alloc_size = roundup(min_unit_size, atom_size); upa = alloc_size / min_unit_size; while (alloc_size % upa || (offset_in_page(alloc_size / upa))) upa--; max_upa = upa; /* group cpus according to their proximity */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { group = 0; next_group: for_each_possible_cpu(tcpu) { if (cpu == tcpu) break; if (group_map[tcpu] == group && cpu_distance_fn && (cpu_distance_fn(cpu, tcpu) > LOCAL_DISTANCE || cpu_distance_fn(tcpu, cpu) > LOCAL_DISTANCE)) { group++; nr_groups = max(nr_groups, group + 1); goto next_group; } } group_map[cpu] = group; group_cnt[group]++; } /* * Wasted space is caused by a ratio imbalance of upa to group_cnt. * Expand the unit_size until we use >= 75% of the units allocated. * Related to atom_size, which could be much larger than the unit_size. */ last_allocs = INT_MAX; for (upa = max_upa; upa; upa--) { int allocs = 0, wasted = 0; if (alloc_size % upa || (offset_in_page(alloc_size / upa))) continue; for (group = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) { int this_allocs = DIV_ROUND_UP(group_cnt[group], upa); allocs += this_allocs; wasted += this_allocs * upa - group_cnt[group]; } /* * Don't accept if wastage is over 1/3. The * greater-than comparison ensures upa==1 always * passes the following check. */ if (wasted > num_possible_cpus() / 3) continue; /* and then don't consume more memory */ if (allocs > last_allocs) break; last_allocs = allocs; best_upa = upa; } upa = best_upa; /* allocate and fill alloc_info */ for (group = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) nr_units += roundup(group_cnt[group], upa); ai = pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(nr_groups, nr_units); if (!ai) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); cpu_map = ai->groups[0].cpu_map; for (group = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) { ai->groups[group].cpu_map = cpu_map; cpu_map += roundup(group_cnt[group], upa); } ai->static_size = static_size; ai->reserved_size = reserved_size; ai->dyn_size = dyn_size; ai->unit_size = alloc_size / upa; ai->atom_size = atom_size; ai->alloc_size = alloc_size; for (group = 0, unit = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) { struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; /* * Initialize base_offset as if all groups are located * back-to-back. The caller should update this to * reflect actual allocation. */ gi->base_offset = unit * ai->unit_size; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) if (group_map[cpu] == group) gi->cpu_map[gi->nr_units++] = cpu; gi->nr_units = roundup(gi->nr_units, upa); unit += gi->nr_units; } BUG_ON(unit != nr_units); return ai; } #endif /* BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK || BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK */ #if defined(BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK) /** * pcpu_embed_first_chunk - embed the first percpu chunk into bootmem * @reserved_size: the size of reserved percpu area in bytes * @dyn_size: minimum free size for dynamic allocation in bytes * @atom_size: allocation atom size * @cpu_distance_fn: callback to determine distance between cpus, optional * @alloc_fn: function to allocate percpu page * @free_fn: function to free percpu page * * This is a helper to ease setting up embedded first percpu chunk and * can be called where pcpu_setup_first_chunk() is expected. * * If this function is used to setup the first chunk, it is allocated * by calling @alloc_fn and used as-is without being mapped into * vmalloc area. Allocations are always whole multiples of @atom_size * aligned to @atom_size. * * This enables the first chunk to piggy back on the linear physical * mapping which often uses larger page size. Please note that this * can result in very sparse cpu->unit mapping on NUMA machines thus * requiring large vmalloc address space. Don't use this allocator if * vmalloc space is not orders of magnitude larger than distances * between node memory addresses (ie. 32bit NUMA machines). * * @dyn_size specifies the minimum dynamic area size. * * If the needed size is smaller than the minimum or specified unit * size, the leftover is returned using @free_fn. * * RETURNS: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int __init pcpu_embed_first_chunk(size_t reserved_size, size_t dyn_size, size_t atom_size, pcpu_fc_cpu_distance_fn_t cpu_distance_fn, pcpu_fc_alloc_fn_t alloc_fn, pcpu_fc_free_fn_t free_fn) { void *base = (void *)ULONG_MAX; void **areas = NULL; struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; size_t size_sum, areas_size; unsigned long max_distance; int group, i, highest_group, rc = 0; ai = pcpu_build_alloc_info(reserved_size, dyn_size, atom_size, cpu_distance_fn); if (IS_ERR(ai)) return PTR_ERR(ai); size_sum = ai->static_size + ai->reserved_size + ai->dyn_size; areas_size = PFN_ALIGN(ai->nr_groups * sizeof(void *)); areas = memblock_alloc(areas_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!areas) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } /* allocate, copy and determine base address & max_distance */ highest_group = 0; for (group = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++) { struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; unsigned int cpu = NR_CPUS; void *ptr;