1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_H #define _LINUX_PID_H #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> enum pid_type { PIDTYPE_PID, PIDTYPE_TGID, PIDTYPE_PGID, PIDTYPE_SID, PIDTYPE_MAX, }; /* * What is struct pid? * * A struct pid is the kernel's internal notion of a process identifier. * It refers to individual tasks, process groups, and sessions. While * there are processes attached to it the struct pid lives in a hash * table, so it and then the processes that it refers to can be found * quickly from the numeric pid value. The attached processes may be * quickly accessed by following pointers from struct pid. * * Storing pid_t values in the kernel and referring to them later has a * problem. The process originally with that pid may have exited and the * pid allocator wrapped, and another process could have come along * and been assigned that pid. * * Referring to user space processes by holding a reference to struct * task_struct has a problem. When the user space process exits * the now useless task_struct is still kept. A task_struct plus a * stack consumes around 10K of low kernel memory. More precisely * this is THREAD_SIZE + sizeof(struct task_struct). By comparison * a struct pid is about 64 bytes. * * Holding a reference to struct pid solves both of these problems. * It is small so holding a reference does not consume a lot of * resources, and since a new struct pid is allocated when the numeric pid * value is reused (when pids wrap around) we don't mistakenly refer to new * processes. */ /* * struct upid is used to get the id of the struct pid, as it is * seen in particular namespace. Later the struct pid is found with * find_pid_ns() using the int nr and struct pid_namespace *ns. */ struct upid { int nr; struct pid_namespace *ns; }; struct pid { refcount_t count; unsigned int level; spinlock_t lock; /* lists of tasks that use this pid */ struct hlist_head tasks[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct hlist_head inodes; /* wait queue for pidfd notifications */ wait_queue_head_t wait_pidfd; struct rcu_head rcu; struct upid numbers[1]; }; extern struct pid init_struct_pid; extern const struct file_operations pidfd_fops; struct file; extern struct pid *pidfd_pid(const struct file *file); struct pid *pidfd_get_pid(unsigned int fd, unsigned int *flags); static inline struct pid *get_pid(struct pid *pid) { if (pid) refcount_inc(&pid->count); return pid; } extern void put_pid(struct pid *pid); extern struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); static inline bool pid_has_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { return !hlist_empty(&pid->tasks[type]); } extern struct task_struct *get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); extern struct pid *get_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type); /* * these helpers must be called with the tasklist_lock write-held. */ extern void attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type, struct pid *pid); extern void exchange_tids(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *old); extern void transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old, struct task_struct *new, enum pid_type); struct pid_namespace; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; extern int pid_max; extern int pid_max_min, pid_max_max; /* * look up a PID in the hash table. Must be called with the tasklist_lock * or rcu_read_lock() held. * * find_pid_ns() finds the pid in the namespace specified * find_vpid() finds the pid by its virtual id, i.e. in the current namespace * * see also find_task_by_vpid() set in include/linux/sched.h */ extern struct pid *find_pid_ns(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern struct pid *find_vpid(int nr); /* * Lookup a PID in the hash table, and return with it's count elevated. */ extern struct pid *find_get_pid(int nr); extern struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *); extern struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, pid_t *set_tid, size_t set_tid_size); extern void free_pid(struct pid *pid); extern void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * ns_of_pid() returns the pid namespace in which the specified pid was * allocated. * * NOTE: * ns_of_pid() is expected to be called for a process (task) that has * an attached 'struct pid' (see attach_pid(), detach_pid()) i.e @pid * is expected to be non-NULL. If @pid is NULL, caller should handle * the resulting NULL pid-ns. */ static inline struct pid_namespace *ns_of_pid(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *ns = NULL; if (pid) ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns; return ns; } /* * is_child_reaper returns true if the pid is the init process * of the current namespace. As this one could be checked before * pid_ns->child_reaper is assigned in copy_process, we check * with the pid number. */ static inline bool is_child_reaper(struct pid *pid) { return pid->numbers[pid->level].nr == 1; } /* * the helpers to get the pid's id seen from different namespaces * * pid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * pid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * pid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified. * * see also task_xid_nr() etc in include/linux/sched.h */ static inline pid_t pid_nr(struct pid *pid) { pid_t nr = 0; if (pid) nr = pid->numbers[0].nr; return nr; } pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns); pid_t pid_vnr(struct pid *pid); #define do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ do { \ if ((pid) != NULL) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu((task), \ &(pid)->tasks[type], pid_links[type]) { /* * Both old and new leaders may be attached to * the same pid in the middle of de_thread(). */ #define while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) \ break; \ } \ } while (0) #define do_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) { \ struct task_struct *tg___ = task; \ for_each_thread(tg___, task) { #define while_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ } \ task = tg___; \ } while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) #endif /* _LINUX_PID_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H #define _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H /* * include/linux/fsnotify.h - generic hooks for filesystem notification, to * reduce in-source duplication from both dnotify and inotify. * * We don't compile any of this away in some complicated menagerie of ifdefs. * Instead, we rely on the code inside to optimize away as needed. * * (C) Copyright 2005 Robert Love */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * Notify this @dir inode about a change in a child directory entry. * The directory entry may have turned positive or negative or its inode may * have changed (i.e. renamed over). * * Unlike fsnotify_parent(), the event will be reported regardless of the * FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD mask on the parent inode and will not be reported if only * the child is interested and not the parent. */ static inline void fsnotify_name(struct inode *dir, __u32 mask, struct inode *child, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie) { fsnotify(mask, child, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, dir, name, NULL, cookie); } static inline void fsnotify_dirent(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_name(dir, mask, d_inode(dentry), &dentry->d_name, 0); } static inline void fsnotify_inode(struct inode *inode, __u32 mask) { if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) mask |= FS_ISDIR; fsnotify(mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* Notify this dentry's parent about a child's events. */ static inline int fsnotify_parent(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { mask |= FS_ISDIR; /* sb/mount marks are not interested in name of directory */ if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED)) goto notify_child; } /* disconnected dentry cannot notify parent */ if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) goto notify_child; return __fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, data, data_type); notify_child: return fsnotify(mask, data, data_type, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* * Simple wrappers to consolidate calls to fsnotify_parent() when an event * is on a file/dentry. */ static inline void fsnotify_dentry(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, d_inode(dentry), FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE); } static inline int fsnotify_file(struct file *file, __u32 mask) { const struct path *path = &file->f_path; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_NONOTIFY) return 0; return fsnotify_parent(path->dentry, mask, path, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH); } /* Simple call site for access decisions */ static inline int fsnotify_perm(struct file *file, int mask) { int ret; __u32 fsnotify_mask = 0; if (!(mask & (MAY_READ | MAY_OPEN))) return 0; if (mask & MAY_OPEN) { fsnotify_mask = FS_OPEN_PERM; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) { ret = fsnotify_file(file, FS_OPEN_EXEC_PERM); if (ret) return ret; } } else if (mask & MAY_READ) { fsnotify_mask = FS_ACCESS_PERM; } return fsnotify_file(file, fsnotify_mask); } /* * fsnotify_link_count - inode's link count changed */ static inline void fsnotify_link_count(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_move - file old_name at old_dir was moved to new_name at new_dir */ static inline void fsnotify_move(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir, const struct qstr *old_name, int isdir, struct inode *target, struct dentry *moved) { struct inode *source = moved->d_inode; u32 fs_cookie = fsnotify_get_cookie(); __u32 old_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_FROM; __u32 new_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_TO; const struct qstr *new_name = &moved->d_name; if (old_dir == new_dir) old_dir_mask |= FS_DN_RENAME; if (isdir) { old_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; new_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; } fsnotify_name(old_dir, old_dir_mask, source, old_name, fs_cookie); fsnotify_name(new_dir, new_dir_mask, source, new_name, fs_cookie); if (target) fsnotify_link_count(target); fsnotify_inode(source, FS_MOVE_SELF); audit_inode_child(new_dir, moved, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_inode_delete - and inode is being evicted from cache, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode) { __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_vfsmount_delete - a vfsmount is being destroyed, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(mnt); } /* * fsnotify_inoderemove - an inode is going away */ static inline void fsnotify_inoderemove(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_DELETE_SELF); __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_create - 'name' was linked in */ static inline void fsnotify_create(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_link - new hardlink in 'inode' directory * Note: We have to pass also the linked inode ptr as some filesystems leave * new_dentry->d_inode NULL and instantiate inode pointer later */ static inline void fsnotify_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *new_dentry) { fsnotify_link_count(inode); audit_inode_child(dir, new_dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_name(dir, FS_CREATE, inode, &new_dentry->d_name, 0); } /* * fsnotify_unlink - 'name' was unlinked * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { /* Expected to be called before d_delete() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry)); fsnotify_dirent(dir, dentry, FS_DELETE); } /* * fsnotify_mkdir - directory 'name' was created */ static inline void fsnotify_mkdir(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE | FS_ISDIR); } /* * fsnotify_rmdir - directory 'name' was removed * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { /* Expected to be called before d_delete() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry)); fsnotify_dirent(dir, dentry, FS_DELETE | FS_ISDIR); } /* * fsnotify_access - file was read */ static inline void fsnotify_access(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_ACCESS); } /* * fsnotify_modify - file was modified */ static inline void fsnotify_modify(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_MODIFY); } /* * fsnotify_open - file was opened */ static inline void fsnotify_open(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = FS_OPEN; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) mask |= FS_OPEN_EXEC; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_close - file was closed */ static inline void fsnotify_close(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? FS_CLOSE_WRITE : FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_xattr - extended attributes were changed */ static inline void fsnotify_xattr(struct dentry *dentry) { fsnotify_dentry(dentry, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_change - notify_change event. file was modified and/or metadata * was changed. */ static inline void fsnotify_change(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int ia_valid) { __u32 mask = 0; if (ia_valid & ATTR_UID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_GID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) mask |= FS_MODIFY; /* both times implies a utime(s) call */ if ((ia_valid & (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) == (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_ATIME) mask |= FS_ACCESS; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_MTIME) mask |= FS_MODIFY; if (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (mask) fsnotify_dentry(dentry, mask); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Hash: Hash algorithms under the crypto API * * Copyright (c) 2008 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_HASH_H #define _CRYPTO_HASH_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/string.h> struct crypto_ahash; /** * DOC: Message Digest Algorithm Definitions * * These data structures define modular message digest algorithm * implementations, managed via crypto_register_ahash(), * crypto_register_shash(), crypto_unregister_ahash() and * crypto_unregister_shash(). */ /** * struct hash_alg_common - define properties of message digest * @digestsize: Size of the result of the transformation. A buffer of this size * must be available to the @final and @finup calls, so they can * store the resulting hash into it. For various predefined sizes, * search include/crypto/ using * git grep _DIGEST_SIZE include/crypto. * @statesize: Size of the block for partial state of the transformation. A * buffer of this size must be passed to the @export function as it * will save the partial state of the transformation into it. On the * other side, the @import function will load the state from a * buffer of this size as well. * @base: Start of data structure of cipher algorithm. The common data * structure of crypto_alg contains information common to all ciphers. * The hash_alg_common data structure now adds the hash-specific * information. */ struct hash_alg_common { unsigned int digestsize; unsigned int statesize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct ahash_request { struct crypto_async_request base; unsigned int nbytes; struct scatterlist *src; u8 *result; /* This field may only be used by the ahash API code. */ void *priv; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; /** * struct ahash_alg - asynchronous message digest definition * @init: **[mandatory]** Initialize the transformation context. Intended only to initialize the * state of the HASH transformation at the beginning. This shall fill in * the internal structures used during the entire duration of the whole * transformation. No data processing happens at this point. Driver code * implementation must not use req->result. * @update: **[mandatory]** Push a chunk of data into the driver for transformation. This * function actually pushes blocks of data from upper layers into the * driver, which then passes those to the hardware as seen fit. This * function must not finalize the HASH transformation by calculating the * final message digest as this only adds more data into the * transformation. This function shall not modify the transformation * context, as this function may be called in parallel with the same * transformation object. Data processing can happen synchronously * [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point. Driver must not use * req->result. * @final: **[mandatory]** Retrieve result from the driver. This function finalizes the * transformation and retrieves the resulting hash from the driver and * pushes it back to upper layers. No data processing happens at this * point unless hardware requires it to finish the transformation * (then the data buffered by the device driver is processed). * @finup: **[optional]** Combination of @update and @final. This function is effectively a * combination of @update and @final calls issued in sequence. As some * hardware cannot do @update and @final separately, this callback was * added to allow such hardware to be used at least by IPsec. Data * processing can happen synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] * at this point. * @digest: Combination of @init and @update and @final. This function * effectively behaves as the entire chain of operations, @init, * @update and @final issued in sequence. Just like @finup, this was * added for hardware which cannot do even the @finup, but can only do * the whole transformation in one run. Data processing can happen * synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point. * @setkey: Set optional key used by the hashing algorithm. Intended to push * optional key used by the hashing algorithm from upper layers into * the driver. This function can store the key in the transformation * context or can outright program it into the hardware. In the former * case, one must be careful to program the key into the hardware at * appropriate time and one must be careful that .setkey() can be * called multiple times during the existence of the transformation * object. Not all hashing algorithms do implement this function as it * is only needed for keyed message digests. SHAx/MDx/CRCx do NOT * implement this function. HMAC(MDx)/HMAC(SHAx)/CMAC(AES) do implement * this function. This function must be called before any other of the * @init, @update, @final, @finup, @digest is called. No data * processing happens at this point. * @export: Export partial state of the transformation. This function dumps the * entire state of the ongoing transformation into a provided block of * data so it can be @import 'ed back later on. This is useful in case * you want to save partial result of the transformation after * processing certain amount of data and reload this partial result * multiple times later on for multiple re-use. No data processing * happens at this point. Driver must not use req->result. * @import: Import partial state of the transformation. This function loads the * entire state of the ongoing transformation from a provided block of * data so the transformation can continue from this point onward. No * data processing happens at this point. Driver must not use * req->result. * @init_tfm: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation * time, right after the transformation context was * allocated. In case the cryptographic hardware has * some special requirements which need to be handled * by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software * fallbacks in place. * @exit_tfm: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This is a counterpart to @init_tfm, used to remove * various changes set in @init_tfm. * @halg: see struct hash_alg_common */ struct ahash_alg { int (*init)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*update)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*final)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*finup)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*digest)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*export)(struct ahash_request *req, void *out); int (*import)(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in); int (*setkey)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm); void (*exit_tfm)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm); struct hash_alg_common halg; }; struct shash_desc { struct crypto_shash *tfm; void *__ctx[] __aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN); }; #define HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE 64 /* * Worst case is hmac(sha3-224-generic). Its context is a nested 'shash_desc' * containing a 'struct sha3_state'. */ #define HASH_MAX_DESCSIZE (sizeof(struct shash_desc) + 360) #define HASH_MAX_STATESIZE 512 #define SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(shash, ctx) \ char __##shash##_desc[sizeof(struct shash_desc) + HASH_MAX_DESCSIZE] \ __aligned(__alignof__(struct shash_desc)); \ struct shash_desc *shash = (struct shash_desc *)__##shash##_desc /** * struct shash_alg - synchronous message digest definition * @init: see struct ahash_alg * @update: see struct ahash_alg * @final: see struct ahash_alg * @finup: see struct ahash_alg * @digest: see struct ahash_alg * @export: see struct ahash_alg * @import: see struct ahash_alg * @setkey: see struct ahash_alg * @init_tfm: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation * time, right after the transformation context was * allocated. In case the cryptographic hardware has * some special requirements which need to be handled * by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software * fallbacks in place. * @exit_tfm: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This is a counterpart to @init_tfm, used to remove * various changes set in @init_tfm. * @digestsize: see struct ahash_alg * @statesize: see struct ahash_alg * @descsize: Size of the operational state for the message digest. This state * size is the memory size that needs to be allocated for * shash_desc.__ctx * @base: internally used */ struct shash_alg { int (*init)(struct shash_desc *desc); int (*update)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); int (*final)(struct shash_desc *desc, u8 *out); int (*finup)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); int (*digest)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); int (*export)(struct shash_desc *desc, void *out); int (*import)(struct shash_desc *desc, const void *in); int (*setkey)(struct crypto_shash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_shash *tfm); void (*exit_tfm)(struct crypto_shash *tfm); unsigned int descsize; /* These fields must match hash_alg_common. */ unsigned int digestsize __attribute__ ((aligned(__alignof__(struct hash_alg_common)))); unsigned int statesize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct crypto_ahash { int (*init)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*update)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*final)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*finup)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*digest)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*export)(struct ahash_request *req, void *out); int (*import)(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in); int (*setkey)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_shash { unsigned int descsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; /** * DOC: Asynchronous Message Digest API * * The asynchronous message digest API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AHASH (listed as type "ahash" in /proc/crypto) * * The asynchronous cipher operation discussion provided for the * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER API applies here as well. */ static inline struct crypto_ahash *__crypto_ahash_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_ahash, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_ahash() - allocate ahash cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * ahash cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an ahash. The returned struct * crypto_ahash is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that ahash. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_ahash *crypto_alloc_ahash(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_ahash_tfm(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_ahash() - zeroize and free the ahash handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_ahash(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_has_ahash() - Search for the availability of an ahash. * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * ahash * @type: specifies the type of the ahash * @mask: specifies the mask for the ahash * * Return: true when the ahash is known to the kernel crypto API; false * otherwise */ int crypto_has_ahash(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline const char *crypto_ahash_alg_name(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_name(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline const char *crypto_ahash_driver_name(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_alignmask( struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_ahash_blocksize() - obtain block size for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the message digest cipher referenced with the cipher * handle is returned. * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_blocksize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct hash_alg_common *__crypto_hash_alg_common( struct crypto_alg *alg) { return container_of(alg, struct hash_alg_common, base); } static inline struct hash_alg_common *crypto_hash_alg_common( struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return __crypto_hash_alg_common(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg); } /** * crypto_ahash_digestsize() - obtain message digest size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size for the message digest created by the message digest cipher * referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * * * Return: message digest size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_digestsize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_hash_alg_common(tfm)->digestsize; } /** * crypto_ahash_statesize() - obtain size of the ahash state * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return the size of the ahash state. With the crypto_ahash_export() * function, the caller can export the state into a buffer whose size is * defined with this function. * * Return: size of the ahash state */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_statesize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_hash_alg_common(tfm)->statesize; } static inline u32 crypto_ahash_get_flags(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_ahash_set_flags(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_ahash_clear_flags(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_ahash_reqtfm() - obtain cipher handle from request * @req: asynchronous request handle that contains the reference to the ahash * cipher handle * * Return the ahash cipher handle that is registered with the asynchronous * request handle ahash_request. * * Return: ahash cipher handle */ static inline struct crypto_ahash *crypto_ahash_reqtfm( struct ahash_request *req) { return __crypto_ahash_cast(req->base.tfm); } /** * crypto_ahash_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: size of the request data */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_reqsize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } static inline void *ahash_request_ctx(struct ahash_request *req) { return req->__ctx; } /** * crypto_ahash_setkey - set key for cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the ahash cipher. The cipher * handle must point to a keyed hash in order for this function to succeed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_ahash_setkey(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_ahash_finup() - update and finalize message digest * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of * crypto_ahash_update and crypto_ahash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate functions. * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ int crypto_ahash_finup(struct ahash_request *req); /** * crypto_ahash_final() - calculate message digest * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Finalize the message digest operation and create the message digest * based on all data added to the cipher handle. The message digest is placed * into the output buffer registered with the ahash_request handle. * * Return: * 0 if the message digest was successfully calculated; * -EINPROGRESS if data is feeded into hardware (DMA) or queued for later; * -EBUSY if queue is full and request should be resubmitted later; * other < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_ahash_final(struct ahash_request *req); /** * crypto_ahash_digest() - calculate message digest for a buffer * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_ahash_init, * crypto_ahash_update and crypto_ahash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate three functions. * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ int crypto_ahash_digest(struct ahash_request *req); /** * crypto_ahash_export() - extract current message digest state * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle whose state is exported * @out: output buffer of sufficient size that can hold the hash state * * This function exports the hash state of the ahash_request handle into the * caller-allocated output buffer out which must have sufficient size (e.g. by * calling crypto_ahash_statesize()). * * Return: 0 if the export was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_ahash_export(struct ahash_request *req, void *out) { return crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req)->export(req, out); } /** * crypto_ahash_import() - import message digest state * @req: reference to ahash_request handle the state is imported into * @in: buffer holding the state * * This function imports the hash state into the ahash_request handle from the * input buffer. That buffer should have been generated with the * crypto_ahash_export function. * * Return: 0 if the import was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_ahash_import(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in) { struct crypto_ahash *tfm = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req); if (crypto_ahash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return tfm->import(req, in); } /** * crypto_ahash_init() - (re)initialize message digest handle * @req: ahash_request handle that already is initialized with all necessary * data using the ahash_request_* API functions * * The call (re-)initializes the message digest referenced by the ahash_request * handle. Any potentially existing state created by previous operations is * discarded. * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ static inline int crypto_ahash_init(struct ahash_request *req) { struct crypto_ahash *tfm = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req); if (crypto_ahash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return tfm->init(req); } /** * crypto_ahash_update() - add data to message digest for processing * @req: ahash_request handle that was previously initialized with the * crypto_ahash_init call. * * Updates the message digest state of the &ahash_request handle. The input data * is pointed to by the scatter/gather list registered in the &ahash_request * handle * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ static inline int crypto_ahash_update(struct ahash_request *req) { struct crypto_ahash *tfm = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req); struct crypto_alg *alg = tfm->base.__crt_alg; unsigned int nbytes = req->nbytes; int ret; crypto_stats_get(alg); ret = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req)->update(req); crypto_stats_ahash_update(nbytes, ret, alg); return ret; } /** * DOC: Asynchronous Hash Request Handle * * The &ahash_request data structure contains all pointers to data * required for the asynchronous cipher operation. This includes the cipher * handle (which can be used by multiple &ahash_request instances), pointer * to plaintext and the message digest output buffer, asynchronous callback * function, etc. It acts as a handle to the ahash_request_* API calls in a * similar way as ahash handle to the crypto_ahash_* API calls. */ /** * ahash_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing ahash handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void ahash_request_set_tfm(struct ahash_request *req, struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm); } /** * ahash_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the ahash * message digest API calls. During * the allocation, the provided ahash handle * is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct ahash_request *ahash_request_alloc( struct crypto_ahash *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct ahash_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(struct ahash_request) + crypto_ahash_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) ahash_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * ahash_request_free() - zeroize and free the request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void ahash_request_free(struct ahash_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } static inline void ahash_request_zero(struct ahash_request *req) { memzero_explicit(req, sizeof(*req) + crypto_ahash_reqsize(crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req))); } static inline struct ahash_request *ahash_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct ahash_request, base); } /** * ahash_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * &crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once * the cipher operation completes. * * The callback function is registered with the &ahash_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void ahash_request_set_callback(struct ahash_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * ahash_request_set_crypt() - set data buffers * @req: ahash_request handle to be updated * @src: source scatter/gather list * @result: buffer that is filled with the message digest -- the caller must * ensure that the buffer has sufficient space by, for example, calling * crypto_ahash_digestsize() * @nbytes: number of bytes to process from the source scatter/gather list * * By using this call, the caller references the source scatter/gather list. * The source scatter/gather list points to the data the message digest is to * be calculated for. */ static inline void ahash_request_set_crypt(struct ahash_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, u8 *result, unsigned int nbytes) { req->src = src; req->nbytes = nbytes; req->result = result; } /** * DOC: Synchronous Message Digest API * * The synchronous message digest API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SHASH (listed as type "shash" in /proc/crypto) * * The message digest API is able to maintain state information for the * caller. * * The synchronous message digest API can store user-related context in its * shash_desc request data structure. */ /** * crypto_alloc_shash() - allocate message digest handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * message digest cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for a message digest. The returned &struct * crypto_shash is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that message digest. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_shash *crypto_alloc_shash(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_shash_tfm(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_shash() - zeroize and free the message digest handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_shash(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline const char *crypto_shash_alg_name(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_name(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline const char *crypto_shash_driver_name(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_alignmask( struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_shash_blocksize() - obtain block size for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the message digest cipher referenced with the cipher * handle is returned. * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_blocksize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct shash_alg *__crypto_shash_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return container_of(alg, struct shash_alg, base); } static inline struct shash_alg *crypto_shash_alg(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return __crypto_shash_alg(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg); } /** * crypto_shash_digestsize() - obtain message digest size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size for the message digest created by the message digest cipher * referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * * Return: digest size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_digestsize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->digestsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_statesize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->statesize; } static inline u32 crypto_shash_get_flags(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_shash_set_flags(struct crypto_shash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_shash_clear_flags(struct crypto_shash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_shash_descsize() - obtain the operational state size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the operational state the cipher needs during operation is * returned for the hash referenced with the cipher handle. This size is * required to calculate the memory requirements to allow the caller allocating * sufficient memory for operational state. * * The operational state is defined with struct shash_desc where the size of * that data structure is to be calculated as * sizeof(struct shash_desc) + crypto_shash_descsize(alg) * * Return: size of the operational state */ static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_descsize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return tfm->descsize; } static inline void *shash_desc_ctx(struct shash_desc *desc) { return desc->__ctx; } /** * crypto_shash_setkey() - set key for message digest * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the keyed message digest cipher. The * cipher handle must point to a keyed message digest cipher in order for this * function to succeed. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_shash_setkey(struct crypto_shash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_shash_digest() - calculate message digest for buffer * @desc: see crypto_shash_final() * @data: see crypto_shash_update() * @len: see crypto_shash_update() * @out: see crypto_shash_final() * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_shash_init, * crypto_shash_update and crypto_shash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate three functions. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_digest(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); /** * crypto_shash_tfm_digest() - calculate message digest for buffer * @tfm: hash transformation object * @data: see crypto_shash_update() * @len: see crypto_shash_update() * @out: see crypto_shash_final() * * This is a simplified version of crypto_shash_digest() for users who don't * want to allocate their own hash descriptor (shash_desc). Instead, * crypto_shash_tfm_digest() takes a hash transformation object (crypto_shash) * directly, and it allocates a hash descriptor on the stack internally. * Note that this stack allocation may be fairly large. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 on success; < 0 if an error occurred. */ int crypto_shash_tfm_digest(struct crypto_shash *tfm, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); /** * crypto_shash_export() - extract operational state for message digest * @desc: reference to the operational state handle whose state is exported * @out: output buffer of sufficient size that can hold the hash state * * This function exports the hash state of the operational state handle into the * caller-allocated output buffer out which must have sufficient size (e.g. by * calling crypto_shash_descsize). * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the export creation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_shash_export(struct shash_desc *desc, void *out) { return crypto_shash_alg(desc->tfm)->export(desc, out); } /** * crypto_shash_import() - import operational state * @desc: reference to the operational state handle the state imported into * @in: buffer holding the state * * This function imports the hash state into the operational state handle from * the input buffer. That buffer should have been generated with the * crypto_ahash_export function. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the import was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_shash_import(struct shash_desc *desc, const void *in) { struct crypto_shash *tfm = desc->tfm; if (crypto_shash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->import(desc, in); } /** * crypto_shash_init() - (re)initialize message digest * @desc: operational state handle that is already filled * * The call (re-)initializes the message digest referenced by the * operational state handle. Any potentially existing state created by * previous operations is discarded. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest initialization was successful; < 0 if an * error occurred */ static inline int crypto_shash_init(struct shash_desc *desc) { struct crypto_shash *tfm = desc->tfm; if (crypto_shash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->init(desc); } /** * crypto_shash_update() - add data to message digest for processing * @desc: operational state handle that is already initialized * @data: input data to be added to the message digest * @len: length of the input data * * Updates the message digest state of the operational state handle. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest update was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); /** * crypto_shash_final() - calculate message digest * @desc: operational state handle that is already filled with data * @out: output buffer filled with the message digest * * Finalize the message digest operation and create the message digest * based on all data added to the cipher handle. The message digest is placed * into the output buffer. The caller must ensure that the output buffer is * large enough by using crypto_shash_digestsize. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_final(struct shash_desc *desc, u8 *out); /** * crypto_shash_finup() - calculate message digest of buffer * @desc: see crypto_shash_final() * @data: see crypto_shash_update() * @len: see crypto_shash_update() * @out: see crypto_shash_final() * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of * crypto_shash_update and crypto_shash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate functions. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); static inline void shash_desc_zero(struct shash_desc *desc) { memzero_explicit(desc, sizeof(*desc) + crypto_shash_descsize(desc->tfm)); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_HASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H #define _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H #include <linux/ethtool_netlink.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <net/genetlink.h> #include <net/sock.h> struct ethnl_req_info; int ethnl_parse_header_dev_get(struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct nlattr *nest, struct net *net, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, bool require_dev); int ethnl_fill_reply_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, u16 attrtype); struct sk_buff *ethnl_reply_init(size_t payload, struct net_device *dev, u8 cmd, u16 hdr_attrtype, struct genl_info *info, void **ehdrp); void *ethnl_dump_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, u8 cmd); void *ethnl_bcastmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 cmd); int ethnl_multicast(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); /** * ethnl_strz_size() - calculate attribute length for fixed size string * @s: ETH_GSTRING_LEN sized string (may not be null terminated) * * Return: total length of an attribute with null terminated string from @s */ static inline int ethnl_strz_size(const char *s) { return nla_total_size(strnlen(s, ETH_GSTRING_LEN) + 1); } /** * ethnl_put_strz() - put string attribute with fixed size string * @skb: skb with the message * @attrype: attribute type * @s: ETH_GSTRING_LEN sized string (may not be null terminated) * * Puts an attribute with null terminated string from @s into the message. * * Return: 0 on success, negative error code on failure */ static inline int ethnl_put_strz(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 attrtype, const char *s) { unsigned int len = strnlen(s, ETH_GSTRING_LEN); struct nlattr *attr; attr = nla_reserve(skb, attrtype, len + 1); if (!attr) return -EMSGSIZE; memcpy(nla_data(attr), s, len); ((char *)nla_data(attr))[len] = '\0'; return 0; } /** * ethnl_update_u32() - update u32 value from NLA_U32 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Copy the u32 value from NLA_U32 netlink attribute @attr into variable * pointed to by @dst; do nothing if @attr is null. Bool pointed to by @mod * is set to true if this function changed the value of *dst, otherwise it * is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_u32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u32 val; if (!attr) return; val = nla_get_u32(attr); if (*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_u8() - update u8 value from NLA_U8 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Copy the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr into variable * pointed to by @dst; do nothing if @attr is null. Bool pointed to by @mod * is set to true if this function changed the value of *dst, otherwise it * is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_u8(u8 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u8 val; if (!attr) return; val = nla_get_u8(attr); if (*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_bool32() - update u32 used as bool from NLA_U8 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Use the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr to set u32 variable * pointed to by @dst to 0 (if zero) or 1 (if not); do nothing if @attr is * null. Bool pointed to by @mod is set to true if this function changed the * logical value of *dst, otherwise it is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_bool32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u8 val; if (!attr) return; val = !!nla_get_u8(attr); if (!!*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_binary() - update binary data from NLA_BINARY atribute * @dst: value to update * @len: destination buffer length * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Use the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr to rewrite data block * of length @len at @dst by attribute payload; do nothing if @attr is null. * Bool pointed to by @mod is set to true if this function changed the logical * value of *dst, otherwise it is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_binary(void *dst, unsigned int len, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { if (!attr) return; if (nla_len(attr) < len) len = nla_len(attr); if (!memcmp(dst, nla_data(attr), len)) return; memcpy(dst, nla_data(attr), len); *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_bitfield32() - update u32 value from NLA_BITFIELD32 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Update bits in u32 value which are set in attribute's mask to values from * attribute's value. Do nothing if @attr is null or the value wouldn't change; * otherwise, set bool pointed to by @mod to true. */ static inline void ethnl_update_bitfield32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { struct nla_bitfield32 change; u32 newval; if (!attr) return; change = nla_get_bitfield32(attr); newval = (*dst & ~change.selector) | (change.value & change.selector); if (*dst == newval) return; *dst = newval; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_reply_header_size() - total size of reply header * * This is an upper estimate so that we do not need to hold RTNL lock longer * than necessary (to prevent rename between size estimate and composing the * message). Accounts only for device ifindex and name as those are the only * attributes ethnl_fill_reply_header() puts into the reply header. */ static inline unsigned int ethnl_reply_header_size(void) { return nla_total_size(nla_total_size(sizeof(u32)) + nla_total_size(IFNAMSIZ)); } /* GET request handling */ /* Unified processing of GET requests uses two data structures: request info * and reply data. Request info holds information parsed from client request * and its stays constant through all request processing. Reply data holds data * retrieved from ethtool_ops callbacks or other internal sources which is used * to compose the reply. When processing a dump request, request info is filled * only once (when the request message is parsed) but reply data is filled for * each reply message. * * Both structures consist of part common for all request types (struct * ethnl_req_info and struct ethnl_reply_data defined below) and optional * parts specific for each request type. Common part always starts at offset 0. */ /** * struct ethnl_req_info - base type of request information for GET requests * @dev: network device the request is for (may be null) * @flags: request flags common for all request types * * This is a common base for request specific structures holding data from * parsed userspace request. These always embed struct ethnl_req_info at * zero offset. */ struct ethnl_req_info { struct net_device *dev; u32 flags; }; /** * struct ethnl_reply_data - base type of reply data for GET requests * @dev: device for current reply message; in single shot requests it is * equal to &ethnl_req_info.dev; in dumps it's different for each * reply message * * This is a common base for request specific structures holding data for * kernel reply message. These always embed struct ethnl_reply_data at zero * offset. */ struct ethnl_reply_data { struct net_device *dev; }; static inline int ethnl_ops_begin(struct net_device *dev) { if (dev && dev->ethtool_ops->begin) return dev->ethtool_ops->begin(dev); else return 0; } static inline void ethnl_ops_complete(struct net_device *dev) { if (dev && dev->ethtool_ops->complete) dev->ethtool_ops->complete(dev); } /** * struct ethnl_request_ops - unified handling of GET requests * @request_cmd: command id for request (GET) * @reply_cmd: command id for reply (GET_REPLY) * @hdr_attr: attribute type for request header * @req_info_size: size of request info * @reply_data_size: size of reply data * @allow_nodev_do: allow non-dump request with no device identification * @parse_request: * Parse request except common header (struct ethnl_req_info). Common * header is already filled on entry, the rest up to @repdata_offset * is zero initialized. This callback should only modify type specific * request info by parsed attributes from request message. * @prepare_data: * Retrieve and prepare data needed to compose a reply message. Calls to * ethtool_ops handlers are limited to this callback. Common reply data * (struct ethnl_reply_data) is filled on entry, type specific part after * it is zero initialized. This callback should only modify the type * specific part of reply data. Device identification from struct * ethnl_reply_data is to be used as for dump requests, it iterates * through network devices while dev member of struct ethnl_req_info * points to the device from client request. * @reply_size: * Estimate reply message size. Returned value must be sufficient for * message payload without common reply header. The callback may returned * estimate higher than actual message size if exact calculation would * not be worth the saved memory space. * @fill_reply: * Fill reply message payload (except for common header) from reply data. * The callback must not generate more payload than previously called * ->reply_size() estimated. * @cleanup_data: * Optional cleanup called when reply data is no longer needed. Can be * used e.g. to free any additional data structures outside the main * structure which were allocated by ->prepare_data(). When processing * dump requests, ->cleanup() is called for each message. * * Description of variable parts of GET request handling when using the * unified infrastructure. When used, a pointer to an instance of this * structure is to be added to &ethnl_default_requests array and generic * handlers ethnl_default_doit(), ethnl_default_dumpit(), * ethnl_default_start() and ethnl_default_done() used in @ethtool_genl_ops; * ethnl_default_notify() can be used in @ethnl_notify_handlers to send * notifications of the corresponding type. */ struct ethnl_request_ops { u8 request_cmd; u8 reply_cmd; u16 hdr_attr; unsigned int req_info_size; unsigned int reply_data_size; bool allow_nodev_do; int (*parse_request)(struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, struct nlattr **tb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*prepare_data)(const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data, struct genl_info *info); int (*reply_size)(const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); int (*fill_reply)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); void (*cleanup_data)(struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); }; /* request handlers */ extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_strset_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkinfo_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkmodes_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkstate_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_debug_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_wol_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_features_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_privflags_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_rings_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_channels_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_coalesce_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_pause_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_eee_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_tsinfo_request_ops; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_header_policy[ETHTOOL_A_HEADER_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_header_policy_stats[ETHTOOL_A_HEADER_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_strset_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_STRSET_COUNTS_ONLY + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkinfo_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKINFO_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkinfo_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKINFO_TP_MDIX_CTRL + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkmodes_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKMODES_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkmodes_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKMODES_MASTER_SLAVE_CFG + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkstate_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKSTATE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_debug_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_DEBUG_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_debug_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_DEBUG_MSGMASK + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_wol_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_WOL_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_wol_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_WOL_SOPASS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_features_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_FEATURES_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_features_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_FEATURES_WANTED + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_privflags_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PRIVFLAGS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_privflags_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PRIVFLAGS_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_rings_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_RINGS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_rings_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_RINGS_TX + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_channels_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CHANNELS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_channels_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CHANNELS_COMBINED_COUNT + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_coalesce_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_COALESCE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_coalesce_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_COALESCE_RATE_SAMPLE_INTERVAL + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_pause_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PAUSE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_pause_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PAUSE_TX + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_eee_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_EEE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_eee_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_EEE_TX_LPI_TIMER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_tsinfo_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_TSINFO_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_cable_test_act_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CABLE_TEST_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_cable_test_tdr_act_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CABLE_TEST_TDR_CFG + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_tunnel_info_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_TUNNEL_INFO_HEADER + 1]; int ethnl_set_linkinfo(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_linkmodes(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_debug(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_wol(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_features(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_privflags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_rings(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_channels(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_pause(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_eee(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_act_cable_test(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_act_cable_test_tdr(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_tunnel_info_doit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_tunnel_info_start(struct netlink_callback *cb); int ethnl_tunnel_info_dumpit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); #endif /* _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H */
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3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 3664 3665 3666 3667 3668 3669 3670 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3680 3681 3682 3683 3684 3685 3686 3687 3688 3689 3690 3691 3692 3693 3694 3695 3696 3697 3698 3699 3700 3701 3702 3703 3704 3705 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * ext4.h * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/include/linux/minix_fs.h * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _EXT4_H #define _EXT4_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/quota.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/blockgroup_lock.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/fiemap.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/compat.h> #endif #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsverity.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The fourth extended filesystem constants/structures */ /* * with AGGRESSIVE_CHECK allocator runs consistency checks over * structures. these checks slow things down a lot */ #define AGGRESSIVE_CHECK__ /* * with DOUBLE_CHECK defined mballoc creates persistent in-core * bitmaps, maintains and uses them to check for double allocations */ #define DOUBLE_CHECK__ /* * Define EXT4FS_DEBUG to produce debug messages */ #undef EXT4FS_DEBUG /* * Debug code */ #ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG #define ext4_debug(f, a...) \ do { \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs DEBUG (%s, %d): %s:", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \ printk(KERN_DEBUG f, ## a); \ } while (0) #else #define ext4_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Turn on EXT_DEBUG to enable ext4_ext_show_path/leaf/move in extents.c */ #define EXT_DEBUG__ /* * Dynamic printk for controlled extents debugging. */ #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) \ pr_debug("[%s/%d] EXT4-fs (%s): ino %lu: (%s, %d): %s:" fmt, \ current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), \ ino->i_sb->s_id, ino->i_ino, __FILE__, __LINE__, \ __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* data type for block offset of block group */ typedef int ext4_grpblk_t; /* data type for filesystem-wide blocks number */ typedef unsigned long long ext4_fsblk_t; /* data type for file logical block number */ typedef __u32 ext4_lblk_t; /* data type for block group number */ typedef unsigned int ext4_group_t; enum SHIFT_DIRECTION { SHIFT_LEFT = 0, SHIFT_RIGHT, }; /* * Flags used in mballoc's allocation_context flags field. * * Also used to show what's going on for debugging purposes when the * flag field is exported via the traceport interface */ /* prefer goal again. length */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE 0x0001 /* blocks already reserved */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED 0x0002 /* metadata is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA 0x0004 /* first blocks in the file */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST 0x0008 /* search for the best chunk */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST 0x0010 /* data is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA 0x0020 /* don't preallocate (for tails) */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC 0x0040 /* allocate for locality group */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC 0x0080 /* allocate goal blocks or none */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY 0x0100 /* goal is meaningful */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL 0x0200 /* blocks already pre-reserved by delayed allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED 0x0400 /* We are doing stream allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC 0x0800 /* Use reserved root blocks if needed */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS 0x1000 /* Use blocks from reserved pool */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED 0x2000 /* Do strict check for free blocks while retrying block allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK 0x4000 struct ext4_allocation_request { /* target inode for block we're allocating */ struct inode *inode; /* how many blocks we want to allocate */ unsigned int len; /* logical block in target inode */ ext4_lblk_t logical; /* the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_lblk_t lleft; /* the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_lblk_t lright; /* phys. target (a hint) */ ext4_fsblk_t goal; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_fsblk_t pleft; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_fsblk_t pright; /* flags. see above EXT4_MB_HINT_* */ unsigned int flags; }; /* * Logical to physical block mapping, used by ext4_map_blocks() * * This structure is used to pass requests into ext4_map_blocks() as * well as to store the information returned by ext4_map_blocks(). It * takes less room on the stack than a struct buffer_head. */ #define EXT4_MAP_NEW BIT(BH_New) #define EXT4_MAP_MAPPED BIT(BH_Mapped) #define EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN BIT(BH_Unwritten) #define EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY BIT(BH_Boundary) #define EXT4_MAP_FLAGS (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED |\ EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY) struct ext4_map_blocks { ext4_fsblk_t m_pblk; ext4_lblk_t m_lblk; unsigned int m_len; unsigned int m_flags; }; /* * Block validity checking, system zone rbtree. */ struct ext4_system_blocks { struct rb_root root; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* * Flags for ext4_io_end->flags */ #define EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN 0x0001 struct ext4_io_end_vec { struct list_head list; /* list of io_end_vec */ loff_t offset; /* offset in the file */ ssize_t size; /* size of the extent */ }; /* * For converting unwritten extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for * buffered writeback. */ typedef struct ext4_io_end { struct list_head list; /* per-file finished IO list */ handle_t *handle; /* handle reserved for extent * conversion */ struct inode *inode; /* file being written to */ struct bio *bio; /* Linked list of completed * bios covering the extent */ unsigned int flag; /* unwritten or not */ atomic_t count; /* reference counter */ struct list_head list_vec; /* list of ext4_io_end_vec */ } ext4_io_end_t; struct ext4_io_submit { struct writeback_control *io_wbc; struct bio *io_bio; ext4_io_end_t *io_end; sector_t io_next_block; }; /* * Special inodes numbers */ #define EXT4_BAD_INO 1 /* Bad blocks inode */ #define EXT4_ROOT_INO 2 /* Root inode */ #define EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO 3 /* User quota inode */ #define EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO 4 /* Group quota inode */ #define EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO 5 /* Boot loader inode */ #define EXT4_UNDEL_DIR_INO 6 /* Undelete directory inode */ #define EXT4_RESIZE_INO 7 /* Reserved group descriptors inode */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_INO 8 /* Journal inode */ /* First non-reserved inode for old ext4 filesystems */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO 11 /* * Maximal count of links to a file */ #define EXT4_LINK_MAX 65000 /* * Macro-instructions used to manage several block sizes */ #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE 1024 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE 65536 #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 10 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 16 #define EXT4_MAX_CLUSTER_LOG_SIZE 30 #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) ((s)->s_blocksize) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) (EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << (s)->s_log_block_size) #endif #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / sizeof(__u32)) #define EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) << \ EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_blocksize_bits) # define EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_log_block_size + 10) #endif #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_addr_per_block_bits) #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_first_ino) #else #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE : \ (s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO : \ (s)->s_first_ino) #endif #define EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size, blkbits) ALIGN((size), (1 << (blkbits))) #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(size, offset, blkbits) \ ((EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size + offset, blkbits) >> blkbits) - (offset >> \ blkbits)) /* Translate a block number to a cluster number */ #define EXT4_B2C(sbi, blk) ((blk) >> (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate a cluster number to a block number */ #define EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster) ((cluster) << (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate # of blks to # of clusters */ #define EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, blks) (((blks) + (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1) >> \ (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Mask out the low bits to get the starting block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ~((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ~((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Fill in the low bits to get the last block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_LBLK_CFILL(sbi, lblk) ((lblk) | \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Get the cluster offset */ #define EXT4_PBLK_COFF(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_COFF(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* * Structure of a blocks group descriptor */ struct ext4_group_desc { __le32 bg_block_bitmap_lo; /* Blocks bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_lo; /* Inodes bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_table_lo; /* Inodes table block */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_lo;/* Free blocks count */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_lo;/* Free inodes count */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_lo; /* Directories count */ __le16 bg_flags; /* EXT4_BG_flags (INODE_UNINIT, etc) */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_lo; /* Exclude bitmap for snapshots */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_lo; /* Unused inodes count */ __le16 bg_checksum; /* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */ __le32 bg_block_bitmap_hi; /* Blocks bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_hi; /* Inodes bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_table_hi; /* Inodes table block MSB */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_hi;/* Free blocks count MSB */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_hi;/* Free inodes count MSB */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_hi; /* Directories count MSB */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_hi; /* Unused inodes count MSB */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_hi; /* Exclude bitmap block MSB */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) BE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) BE */ __u32 bg_reserved; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) /* * Structure of a flex block group info */ struct flex_groups { atomic64_t free_clusters; atomic_t free_inodes; atomic_t used_dirs; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT 0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT 0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED 0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */ /* * Macro-instructions used to manage group descriptors */ #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE 32 #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT 64 #define EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE #define EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_size) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_clusters_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inodes_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s)) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_inodes_per_group) #endif /* * Constants relative to the data blocks */ #define EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS 12 #define EXT4_IND_BLOCK EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS #define EXT4_DIND_BLOCK (EXT4_IND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_TIND_BLOCK (EXT4_DIND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_N_BLOCKS (EXT4_TIND_BLOCK + 1) /* * Inode flags */ #define EXT4_SECRM_FL 0x00000001 /* Secure deletion */ #define EXT4_UNRM_FL 0x00000002 /* Undelete */ #define EXT4_COMPR_FL 0x00000004 /* Compress file */ #define EXT4_SYNC_FL 0x00000008 /* Synchronous updates */ #define EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL 0x00000010 /* Immutable file */ #define EXT4_APPEND_FL 0x00000020 /* writes to file may only append */ #define EXT4_NODUMP_FL 0x00000040 /* do not dump file */ #define EXT4_NOATIME_FL 0x00000080 /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ #define EXT4_DIRTY_FL 0x00000100 #define EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL 0x00000200 /* One or more compressed clusters */ #define EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL 0x00000400 /* Don't compress */ /* nb: was previously EXT2_ECOMPR_FL */ #define EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL 0x00000800 /* encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ #define EXT4_INDEX_FL 0x00001000 /* hash-indexed directory */ #define EXT4_IMAGIC_FL 0x00002000 /* AFS directory */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL 0x00004000 /* file data should be journaled */ #define EXT4_NOTAIL_FL 0x00008000 /* file tail should not be merged */ #define EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL 0x00010000 /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ #define EXT4_TOPDIR_FL 0x00020000 /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ #define EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL 0x00040000 /* Set to each huge file */ #define EXT4_EXTENTS_FL 0x00080000 /* Inode uses extents */ #define EXT4_VERITY_FL 0x00100000 /* Verity protected inode */ #define EXT4_EA_INODE_FL 0x00200000 /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 0x00400000 was formerly EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ #define EXT4_DAX_FL 0x02000000 /* Inode is DAX */ #define EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL 0x10000000 /* Inode has inline data. */ #define EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL 0x20000000 /* Create with parents projid */ #define EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL 0x40000000 /* Casefolded directory */ #define EXT4_RESERVED_FL 0x80000000 /* reserved for ext4 lib */ /* User modifiable flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE (EXT4_SECRM_FL | \ EXT4_UNRM_FL | \ EXT4_COMPR_FL | \ EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | \ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | \ EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | \ EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | \ EXT4_EXTENTS_FL | \ 0x00400000 /* EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ | \ EXT4_DAX_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) /* User visible flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE (EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE | \ EXT4_DIRTY_FL | \ EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL | \ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | \ EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL | \ EXT4_INDEX_FL | \ EXT4_VERITY_FL | \ EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Flags we can manipulate with through FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR */ #define EXT4_FL_XFLAG_VISIBLE (EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that should be inherited by new inodes from their parent. */ #define EXT4_FL_INHERITED (EXT4_SECRM_FL | EXT4_UNRM_FL | EXT4_COMPR_FL |\ EXT4_SYNC_FL | EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL |\ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL |\ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that are appropriate for regular files (all but dir-specific ones). */ #define EXT4_REG_FLMASK (~(EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL)) /* Flags that are appropriate for non-directories/regular files. */ #define EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK (EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL) /* The only flags that should be swapped */ #define EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP (EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL | EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) /* Flags which are mutually exclusive to DAX */ #define EXT4_DAX_MUT_EXCL (EXT4_VERITY_FL | EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL |\ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Mask out flags that are inappropriate for the given type of inode. */ static inline __u32 ext4_mask_flags(umode_t mode, __u32 flags) { if (S_ISDIR(mode)) return flags; else if (S_ISREG(mode)) return flags & EXT4_REG_FLMASK; else return flags & EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK; } /* * Inode flags used for atomic set/get */ enum { EXT4_INODE_SECRM = 0, /* Secure deletion */ EXT4_INODE_UNRM = 1, /* Undelete */ EXT4_INODE_COMPR = 2, /* Compress file */ EXT4_INODE_SYNC = 3, /* Synchronous updates */ EXT4_INODE_IMMUTABLE = 4, /* Immutable file */ EXT4_INODE_APPEND = 5, /* writes to file may only append */ EXT4_INODE_NODUMP = 6, /* do not dump file */ EXT4_INODE_NOATIME = 7, /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ EXT4_INODE_DIRTY = 8, EXT4_INODE_COMPRBLK = 9, /* One or more compressed clusters */ EXT4_INODE_NOCOMPR = 10, /* Don't compress */ EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT = 11, /* Encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ EXT4_INODE_INDEX = 12, /* hash-indexed directory */ EXT4_INODE_IMAGIC = 13, /* AFS directory */ EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA = 14, /* file data should be journaled */ EXT4_INODE_NOTAIL = 15, /* file tail should not be merged */ EXT4_INODE_DIRSYNC = 16, /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR = 17, /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE = 18, /* Set to each huge file */ EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS = 19, /* Inode uses extents */ EXT4_INODE_VERITY = 20, /* Verity protected inode */ EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE = 21, /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 22 was formerly EXT4_INODE_EOFBLOCKS */ EXT4_INODE_DAX = 25, /* Inode is DAX */ EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA = 28, /* Data in inode. */ EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT = 29, /* Create with parents projid */ EXT4_INODE_CASEFOLD = 30, /* Casefolded directory */ EXT4_INODE_RESERVED = 31, /* reserved for ext4 lib */ }; /* * Since it's pretty easy to mix up bit numbers and hex values, we use a * build-time check to make sure that EXT4_XXX_FL is consistent with respect to * EXT4_INODE_XXX. If all is well, the macros will be dropped, so, it won't cost * any extra space in the compiled kernel image, otherwise, the build will fail. * It's important that these values are the same, since we are using * EXT4_INODE_XXX to test for flag values, but EXT4_XXX_FL must be consistent * with the values of FS_XXX_FL defined in include/linux/fs.h and the on-disk * values found in ext2, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and of course the values * defined in e2fsprogs. * * It's not paranoia if the Murphy's Law really *is* out to get you. :-) */ #define TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) (EXT4_##FLAG##_FL == (1 << EXT4_INODE_##FLAG)) #define CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) BUILD_BUG_ON(!TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG)) static inline void ext4_check_flag_values(void) { CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SECRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(UNRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMMUTABLE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(APPEND); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NODUMP); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOATIME); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRTY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPRBLK); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOCOMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(ENCRYPT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INDEX); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMAGIC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(JOURNAL_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOTAIL); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRSYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(TOPDIR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(HUGE_FILE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EXTENTS); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(VERITY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EA_INODE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INLINE_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(PROJINHERIT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(CASEFOLD); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(RESERVED); } /* Used to pass group descriptor data when online resize is done */ struct ext4_new_group_input { __u32 group; /* Group number for this data */ __u64 block_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of block bitmap */ __u64 inode_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of inode bitmap */ __u64 inode_table; /* Absolute block number of inode table start */ __u32 blocks_count; /* Total number of blocks in this group */ __u16 reserved_blocks; /* Number of reserved blocks in this group */ __u16 unused; }; #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) struct compat_ext4_new_group_input { u32 group; compat_u64 block_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_table; u32 blocks_count; u16 reserved_blocks; u16 unused; }; #endif /* The struct ext4_new_group_input in kernel space, with free_blocks_count */ struct ext4_new_group_data { __u32 group; __u64 block_bitmap; __u64 inode_bitmap; __u64 inode_table; __u32 blocks_count; __u16 reserved_blocks; __u16 mdata_blocks; __u32 free_clusters_count; }; /* Indexes used to index group tables in ext4_new_group_data */ enum { BLOCK_BITMAP = 0, /* block bitmap */ INODE_BITMAP, /* inode bitmap */ INODE_TABLE, /* inode tables */ GROUP_TABLE_COUNT, }; /* * Flags used by ext4_map_blocks() */ /* Allocate any needed blocks and/or convert an unwritten extent to be an initialized ext4 */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE 0x0001 /* Request the creation of an unwritten extent */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT 0x0002 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) /* Caller is from the delayed allocation writeout path * finally doing the actual allocation of delayed blocks */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE 0x0004 /* caller is from the direct IO path, request to creation of an unwritten extents if not allocated, split the unwritten extent if blocks has been preallocated already*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO 0x0008 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT 0x0010 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Convert extent to initialized after IO complete */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Eventual metadata allocation (due to growing extent tree) * should not fail, so try to use reserved blocks for that.*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL 0x0020 /* Don't normalize allocation size (used for fallocate) */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE 0x0040 /* Convert written extents to unwritten */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN 0x0100 /* Write zeros to newly created written extents */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO 0x0200 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE |\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO) /* Caller will submit data before dropping transaction handle. This * allows jbd2 to avoid submitting data before commit. */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT 0x0400 /* * The bit position of these flags must not overlap with any of the * EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_*. They are used by ext4_find_extent(), * read_extent_tree_block(), ext4_split_extent_at(), * ext4_ext_insert_extent(), and ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(). * EXT4_EX_NOCACHE is used to indicate that the we shouldn't be * caching the extents when reading from the extent tree while a * truncate or punch hole operation is in progress. */ #define EXT4_EX_NOCACHE 0x40000000 #define EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE 0x20000000 #define EXT4_EX_NOFAIL 0x10000000 /* * Flags used by ext4_free_blocks */ #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA 0x0001 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET 0x0002 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED 0x0004 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER 0x0010 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER 0x0020 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER 0x0040 /* * ioctl commands */ #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_SETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC_MIGRATE _IO('f', 9) /* note ioctl 10 reserved for an early version of the FIEMAP ioctl */ /* note ioctl 11 reserved for filesystem-independent FIEMAP ioctl */ #define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS _IO('f', 12) #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent) #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS _IOW('f', 16, __u64) #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT _IO('f', 17) #define EXT4_IOC_PRECACHE_EXTENTS _IO('f', 18) /* ioctl codes 19--39 are reserved for fscrypt */ #define EXT4_IOC_CLEAR_ES_CACHE _IO('f', 40) #define EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE _IOW('f', 41, __u32) #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE _IOWR('f', 42, struct fiemap) #define EXT4_IOC_SHUTDOWN _IOR ('X', 125, __u32) /* * Flags for going down operation */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_DEFAULT 0x0 /* going down */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_LOGFLUSH 0x1 /* flush log but not data */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_NOLOGFLUSH 0x2 /* don't flush log nor data */ /* * Flags returned by EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE * * We only expose to userspace a subset of the state flags in * i_state_flags */ #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_EXT_PRECACHED 0x00000001 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEW 0x00000002 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEWENTRY 0x00000004 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE 0x00000008 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) /* * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation */ #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct compat_ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_SETVERSION #endif /* * Returned by EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE as an additional possible flag. * It indicates that the entry in extent status cache is for a hole. */ #define EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE 0x08000000 /* Max physical block we can address w/o extents */ #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS 0xFFFFFFFF /* Max logical block we can support */ #define EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK 0xFFFFFFFE /* * Structure of an inode on the disk */ struct ext4_inode { __le16 i_mode; /* File mode */ __le16 i_uid; /* Low 16 bits of Owner Uid */ __le32 i_size_lo; /* Size in bytes */ __le32 i_atime; /* Access time */ __le32 i_ctime; /* Inode Change time */ __le32 i_mtime; /* Modification time */ __le32 i_dtime; /* Deletion Time */ __le16 i_gid; /* Low 16 bits of Group Id */ __le16 i_links_count; /* Links count */ __le32 i_blocks_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 i_flags; /* File flags */ union { struct { __le32 l_i_version; } linux1; struct { __u32 h_i_translator; } hurd1; struct { __u32 m_i_reserved1; } masix1; } osd1; /* OS dependent 1 */ __le32 i_block[EXT4_N_BLOCKS];/* Pointers to blocks */ __le32 i_generation; /* File version (for NFS) */ __le32 i_file_acl_lo; /* File ACL */ __le32 i_size_high; __le32 i_obso_faddr; /* Obsoleted fragment address */ union { struct { __le16 l_i_blocks_high; /* were l_i_reserved1 */ __le16 l_i_file_acl_high; __le16 l_i_uid_high; /* these 2 fields */ __le16 l_i_gid_high; /* were reserved2[0] */ __le16 l_i_checksum_lo;/* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) LE */ __le16 l_i_reserved; } linux2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __u16 h_i_mode_high; __u16 h_i_uid_high; __u16 h_i_gid_high; __u32 h_i_author; } hurd2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __le16 m_i_file_acl_high; __u32 m_i_reserved2[2]; } masix2; } osd2; /* OS dependent 2 */ __le16 i_extra_isize; __le16 i_checksum_hi; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) BE */ __le32 i_ctime_extra; /* extra Change time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_mtime_extra; /* extra Modification time(nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_atime_extra; /* extra Access time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_crtime; /* File Creation time */ __le32 i_crtime_extra; /* extra FileCreationtime (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_version_hi; /* high 32 bits for 64-bit version */ __le32 i_projid; /* Project ID */ }; struct move_extent { __u32 reserved; /* should be zero */ __u32 donor_fd; /* donor file descriptor */ __u64 orig_start; /* logical start offset in block for orig */ __u64 donor_start; /* logical start offset in block for donor */ __u64 len; /* block length to be moved */ __u64 moved_len; /* moved block length */ }; #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2 #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1) #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) /* * Extended fields will fit into an inode if the filesystem was formatted * with large inodes (-I 256 or larger) and there are not currently any EAs * consuming all of the available space. For new inodes we always reserve * enough space for the kernel's known extended fields, but for inodes * created with an old kernel this might not have been the case. None of * the extended inode fields is critical for correct filesystem operation. * This macro checks if a certain field fits in the inode. Note that * inode-size = GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + i_extra_isize */ #define EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(ext4_inode, einode, field) \ ((offsetof(typeof(*ext4_inode), field) + \ sizeof((ext4_inode)->field)) \ <= (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ (einode)->i_extra_isize)) \ /* * We use an encoding that preserves the times for extra epoch "00": * * extra msb of adjust for signed * epoch 32-bit 32-bit tv_sec to * bits time decoded 64-bit tv_sec 64-bit tv_sec valid time range * 0 0 1 -0x80000000..-0x00000001 0x000000000 1901-12-13..1969-12-31 * 0 0 0 0x000000000..0x07fffffff 0x000000000 1970-01-01..2038-01-19 * 0 1 1 0x080000000..0x0ffffffff 0x100000000 2038-01-19..2106-02-07 * 0 1 0 0x100000000..0x17fffffff 0x100000000 2106-02-07..2174-02-25 * 1 0 1 0x180000000..0x1ffffffff 0x200000000 2174-02-25..2242-03-16 * 1 0 0 0x200000000..0x27fffffff 0x200000000 2242-03-16..2310-04-04 * 1 1 1 0x280000000..0x2ffffffff 0x300000000 2310-04-04..2378-04-22 * 1 1 0 0x300000000..0x37fffffff 0x300000000 2378-04-22..2446-05-10 * * Note that previous versions of the kernel on 64-bit systems would * incorrectly use extra epoch bits 1,1 for dates between 1901 and * 1970. e2fsck will correct this, assuming that it is run on the * affected filesystem before 2242. */ static inline __le32 ext4_encode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time) { u32 extra =((time->tv_sec - (s32)time->tv_sec) >> 32) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK; return cpu_to_le32(extra | (time->tv_nsec << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)); } static inline void ext4_decode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time, __le32 extra) { if (unlikely(extra & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_EPOCH_MASK))) time->tv_sec += (u64)(le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK) << 32; time->tv_nsec = (le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK) >> EXT4_EPOCH_BITS; } #define EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) {\ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((inode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime); \ } \ else \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32(clamp_t(int32_t, (inode)->xtime.tv_sec, S32_MIN, S32_MAX)); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((einode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ (inode)->xtime.tv_sec = (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) { \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ } \ else \ (inode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = \ (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = 0; \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define i_disk_version osd1.linux1.l_i_version #if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.linux1.l_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.linux2.l_i_file_acl_high #define i_blocks_high osd2.linux2.l_i_blocks_high #define i_uid_low i_uid #define i_gid_low i_gid #define i_uid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_gid_high #define i_checksum_lo osd2.linux2.l_i_checksum_lo #elif defined(__GNU__) #define i_translator osd1.hurd1.h_i_translator #define i_uid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_gid_high #define i_author osd2.hurd2.h_i_author #elif defined(__masix__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.masix1.m_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.masix2.m_i_file_acl_high #define i_reserved2 osd2.masix2.m_i_reserved2 #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) */ #include "extents_status.h" #include "fast_commit.h" /* * Lock subclasses for i_data_sem in the ext4_inode_info structure. * * These are needed to avoid lockdep false positives when we need to * allocate blocks to the quota inode during ext4_map_blocks(), while * holding i_data_sem for a normal (non-quota) inode. Since we don't * do quota tracking for the quota inode, this avoids deadlock (as * well as infinite recursion, since it isn't turtles all the way * down...) * * I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL - Used for most inodes * I_DATA_SEM_OTHER - Used by move_inode.c for the second normal inode * where the second inode has larger inode number * than the first * I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA - Used for quota inodes only */ enum { I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL = 0, I_DATA_SEM_OTHER, I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA, }; /* * fourth extended file system inode data in memory */ struct ext4_inode_info { __le32 i_data[15]; /* unconverted */ __u32 i_dtime; ext4_fsblk_t i_file_acl; /* * i_block_group is the number of the block group which contains * this file's inode. Constant across the lifetime of the inode, * it is used for making block allocation decisions - we try to * place a file's data blocks near its inode block, and new inodes * near to their parent directory's inode. */ ext4_group_t i_block_group; ext4_lblk_t i_dir_start_lookup; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) unsigned long i_state_flags; /* Dynamic state flags */ #endif unsigned long i_flags; /* * Extended attributes can be read independently of the main file * data. Taking i_mutex even when reading would cause contention * between readers of EAs and writers of regular file data, so * instead we synchronize on xattr_sem when reading or changing * EAs. */ struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem; struct list_head i_orphan; /* unlinked but open inodes */ /* Fast commit related info */ struct list_head i_fc_list; /* * inodes that need fast commit * protected by sbi->s_fc_lock. */ /* Start of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_start; /* End of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_len; /* Number of ongoing updates on this inode */ atomic_t i_fc_updates; /* Fast commit wait queue for this inode */ wait_queue_head_t i_fc_wait; /* Protect concurrent accesses on i_fc_lblk_start, i_fc_lblk_len */ struct mutex i_fc_lock; /* * i_disksize keeps track of what the inode size is ON DISK, not * in memory. During truncate, i_size is set to the new size by * the VFS prior to calling ext4_truncate(), but the filesystem won't * set i_disksize to 0 until the truncate is actually under way. * * The intent is that i_disksize always represents the blocks which * are used by this file. This allows recovery to restart truncate * on orphans if we crash during truncate. We actually write i_disksize * into the on-disk inode when writing inodes out, instead of i_size. * * The only time when i_disksize and i_size may be different is when * a truncate is in progress. The only things which change i_disksize * are ext4_get_block (growth) and ext4_truncate (shrinkth). */ loff_t i_disksize; /* * i_data_sem is for serialising ext4_truncate() against * ext4_getblock(). In the 2.4 ext2 design, great chunks of inode's * data tree are chopped off during truncate. We can't do that in * ext4 because whenever we perform intermediate commits during * truncate, the inode and all the metadata blocks *must* be in a * consistent state which allows truncation of the orphans to restart * during recovery. Hence we must fix the get_block-vs-truncate race * by other means, so we have i_data_sem. */ struct rw_semaphore i_data_sem; /* * i_mmap_sem is for serializing page faults with truncate / punch hole * operations. We have to make sure that new page cannot be faulted in * a section of the inode that is being punched. We cannot easily use * i_data_sem for this since we need protection for the whole punch * operation and i_data_sem ranks below transaction start so we have * to occasionally drop it. */ struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_sem; struct inode vfs_inode; struct jbd2_inode *jinode; spinlock_t i_raw_lock; /* protects updates to the raw inode */ /* * File creation time. Its function is same as that of * struct timespec64 i_{a,c,m}time in the generic inode. */ struct timespec64 i_crtime; /* mballoc */ atomic_t i_prealloc_active; struct list_head i_prealloc_list; spinlock_t i_prealloc_lock; /* extents status tree */ struct ext4_es_tree i_es_tree; rwlock_t i_es_lock; struct list_head i_es_list; unsigned int i_es_all_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ unsigned int i_es_shk_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ ext4_lblk_t i_es_shrink_lblk; /* Offset where we start searching for extents to shrink. Protected by i_es_lock */ /* ialloc */ ext4_group_t i_last_alloc_group; /* allocation reservation info for delalloc */ /* In case of bigalloc, this refer to clusters rather than blocks */ unsigned int i_reserved_data_blocks; /* pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems */ struct ext4_pending_tree i_pending_tree; /* on-disk additional length */ __u16 i_extra_isize; /* Indicate the inline data space. */ u16 i_inline_off; u16 i_inline_size; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* quota space reservation, managed internally by quota code */ qsize_t i_reserved_quota; #endif /* Lock protecting lists below */ spinlock_t i_completed_io_lock; /* * Completed IOs that need unwritten extents handling and have * transaction reserved */ struct list_head i_rsv_conversion_list; struct work_struct i_rsv_conversion_work; atomic_t i_unwritten; /* Nr. of inflight conversions pending */ spinlock_t i_block_reservation_lock; /* * Transactions that contain inode's metadata needed to complete * fsync and fdatasync, respectively. */ tid_t i_sync_tid; tid_t i_datasync_tid; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA struct dquot *i_dquot[MAXQUOTAS]; #endif /* Precomputed uuid+inum+igen checksum for seeding inode checksums */ __u32 i_csum_seed; kprojid_t i_projid; }; /* * File system states */ #define EXT4_VALID_FS 0x0001 /* Unmounted cleanly */ #define EXT4_ERROR_FS 0x0002 /* Errors detected */ #define EXT4_ORPHAN_FS 0x0004 /* Orphans being recovered */ #define EXT4_FC_REPLAY 0x0020 /* Fast commit replay ongoing */ /* * Misc. filesystem flags */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH 0x0001 /* Signed dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH 0x0002 /* Unsigned dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_TEST_FILESYS 0x0004 /* to test development code */ /* * Mount flags set via mount options or defaults */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE 0x00001 /* Do not use mbcache */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID 0x00004 /* Create files with directory's group */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG 0x00008 /* Some debugging messages */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT 0x00010 /* Continue on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO 0x00020 /* Remount fs ro on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC 0x00040 /* Panic on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_MASK 0x00070 #define EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF 0x00080 /* Mimics the Minix statfs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD 0x00100 /* Don't use existing journal*/ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0x00200 /* Direct Access */ #else #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0 #endif #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS 0x00C00 /* Mode for data writes: */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA 0x00400 /* Write data to journal */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA 0x00800 /* Flush data before commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA 0x00C00 /* No data ordering */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_UPDATE_JOURNAL 0x01000 /* Update the journal format */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32 0x02000 /* Disable 32-bit UIDs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER 0x04000 /* Extended user attributes */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL 0x08000 /* POSIX Access Control Lists */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC 0x10000 /* No auto delalloc mapping */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER 0x20000 /* Use block barriers */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA 0x40000 /* Some quota option set */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA 0x80000 /* "old" user quota, * enable enforcement for hidden * quota files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA 0x100000 /* "old" group quota, enable * enforcement for hidden quota * files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA 0x200000 /* Enable project quota * enforcement */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK 0x400000 /* Enable support for dio read nolocking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x800000 /* Journal checksums */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x1000000 /* Journal Async Commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR 0x2000000 /* Trigger WARN_ON on error */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS 0x4000000 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC 0x8000000 /* Delalloc support */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT 0x10000000 /* Abort on file data write */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x20000000 /* Block validity checking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD 0x40000000 /* Issue DISCARD requests */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE 0x80000000 /* Initialize uninitialized itables */ /* * Mount flags set either automatically (could not be set by mount option) * based on per file system feature or property or in special cases such as * distinguishing between explicit mount option definition and default. */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_DELALLOC 0x00000001 /* User explicitly specified delalloc */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_STD_GROUP_SIZE 0x00000002 /* We have standard group size of blocksize * 8 blocks */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_HURD_COMPAT 0x00000004 /* Support HURD-castrated file systems */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x00000008 /* User explicitly specified journal checksum */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000010 /* Journal fast commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER 0x00000020 /* Do not allow Direct Access */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE 0x00000040 /* For printing options only */ #define clear_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define set_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt |= \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define test_opt(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt) #define clear_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define set_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 |= \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define test_opt2(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 & \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt) #define ext4_test_and_set_bit __test_and_set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit __set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit_atomic ext2_set_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_and_clear_bit __test_and_clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit __clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit_atomic ext2_clear_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_bit test_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_zero_bit find_next_zero_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_bit find_next_bit_le extern void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len); /* * Maximal mount counts between two filesystem checks */ #define EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT 20 /* Allow 20 mounts */ #define EXT4_DFL_CHECKINTERVAL 0 /* Don't use interval check */ /* * Behaviour when detecting errors */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE 1 /* Continue execution */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_RO 2 /* Remount fs read-only */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC 3 /* Panic */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_DEFAULT EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE /* Metadata checksum algorithm codes */ #define EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM 1 /* * Structure of the super block */ struct ext4_super_block { /*00*/ __le32 s_inodes_count; /* Inodes count */ __le32 s_blocks_count_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_lo; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_lo; /* Free blocks count */ /*10*/ __le32 s_free_inodes_count; /* Free inodes count */ __le32 s_first_data_block; /* First Data Block */ __le32 s_log_block_size; /* Block size */ __le32 s_log_cluster_size; /* Allocation cluster size */ /*20*/ __le32 s_blocks_per_group; /* # Blocks per group */ __le32 s_clusters_per_group; /* # Clusters per group */ __le32 s_inodes_per_group; /* # Inodes per group */ __le32 s_mtime; /* Mount time */ /*30*/ __le32 s_wtime; /* Write time */ __le16 s_mnt_count; /* Mount count */ __le16 s_max_mnt_count; /* Maximal mount count */ __le16 s_magic; /* Magic signature */ __le16 s_state; /* File system state */ __le16 s_errors; /* Behaviour when detecting errors */ __le16 s_minor_rev_level; /* minor revision level */ /*40*/ __le32 s_lastcheck; /* time of last check */ __le32 s_checkinterval; /* max. time between checks */ __le32 s_creator_os; /* OS */ __le32 s_rev_level; /* Revision level */ /*50*/ __le16 s_def_resuid; /* Default uid for reserved blocks */ __le16 s_def_resgid; /* Default gid for reserved blocks */ /* * These fields are for EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV superblocks only. * * Note: the difference between the compatible feature set and * the incompatible feature set is that if there is a bit set * in the incompatible feature set that the kernel doesn't * know about, it should refuse to mount the filesystem. * * e2fsck's requirements are more strict; if it doesn't know * about a feature in either the compatible or incompatible * feature set, it must abort and not try to meddle with * things it doesn't understand... */ __le32 s_first_ino; /* First non-reserved inode */ __le16 s_inode_size; /* size of inode structure */ __le16 s_block_group_nr; /* block group # of this superblock */ __le32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ /*60*/ __le32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __le32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /*68*/ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for volume */ /*78*/ char s_volume_name[16]; /* volume name */ /*88*/ char s_last_mounted[64] __nonstring; /* directory where last mounted */ /*C8*/ __le32 s_algorithm_usage_bitmap; /* For compression */ /* * Performance hints. Directory preallocation should only * happen if the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC flag is on. */ __u8 s_prealloc_blocks; /* Nr of blocks to try to preallocate*/ __u8 s_prealloc_dir_blocks; /* Nr to preallocate for dirs */ __le16 s_reserved_gdt_blocks; /* Per group desc for online growth */ /* * Journaling support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL set. */ /*D0*/ __u8 s_journal_uuid[16]; /* uuid of journal superblock */ /*E0*/ __le32 s_journal_inum; /* inode number of journal file */ __le32 s_journal_dev; /* device number of journal file */ __le32 s_last_orphan; /* start of list of inodes to delete */ __le32 s_hash_seed[4]; /* HTREE hash seed */ __u8 s_def_hash_version; /* Default hash version to use */ __u8 s_jnl_backup_type; __le16 s_desc_size; /* size of group descriptor */ /*100*/ __le32 s_default_mount_opts; __le32 s_first_meta_bg; /* First metablock block group */ __le32 s_mkfs_time; /* When the filesystem was created */ __le32 s_jnl_blocks[17]; /* Backup of the journal inode */ /* 64bit support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_64BIT */ /*150*/ __le32 s_blocks_count_hi; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_hi; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_hi; /* Free blocks count */ __le16 s_min_extra_isize; /* All inodes have at least # bytes */ __le16 s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ __le32 s_flags; /* Miscellaneous flags */ __le16 s_raid_stride; /* RAID stride */ __le16 s_mmp_update_interval; /* # seconds to wait in MMP checking */ __le64 s_mmp_block; /* Block for multi-mount protection */ __le32 s_raid_stripe_width; /* blocks on all data disks (N*stride)*/ __u8 s_log_groups_per_flex; /* FLEX_BG group size */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* metadata checksum algorithm used */ __u8 s_encryption_level; /* versioning level for encryption */ __u8 s_reserved_pad; /* Padding to next 32bits */ __le64 s_kbytes_written; /* nr of lifetime kilobytes written */ __le32 s_snapshot_inum; /* Inode number of active snapshot */ __le32 s_snapshot_id; /* sequential ID of active snapshot */ __le64 s_snapshot_r_blocks_count; /* reserved blocks for active snapshot's future use */ __le32 s_snapshot_list; /* inode number of the head of the on-disk snapshot list */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_START offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_error_count) __le32 s_error_count; /* number of fs errors */ __le32 s_first_error_time; /* first time an error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_ino; /* inode involved in first error */ __le64 s_first_error_block; /* block involved of first error */ __u8 s_first_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le32 s_last_error_time; /* most recent time of an error */ __le32 s_last_error_ino; /* inode involved in last error */ __le32 s_last_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le64 s_last_error_block; /* block involved of last error */ __u8 s_last_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_END offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_mount_opts) __u8 s_mount_opts[64]; __le32 s_usr_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking user quota */ __le32 s_grp_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking group quota */ __le32 s_overhead_clusters; /* overhead blocks/clusters in fs */ __le32 s_backup_bgs[2]; /* groups with sparse_super2 SBs */ __u8 s_encrypt_algos[4]; /* Encryption algorithms in use */ __u8 s_encrypt_pw_salt[16]; /* Salt used for string2key algorithm */ __le32 s_lpf_ino; /* Location of the lost+found inode */ __le32 s_prj_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking project quota */ __le32 s_checksum_seed; /* crc32c(uuid) if csum_seed set */ __u8 s_wtime_hi; __u8 s_mtime_hi; __u8 s_mkfs_time_hi; __u8 s_lastcheck_hi; __u8 s_first_error_time_hi; __u8 s_last_error_time_hi; __u8 s_first_error_errcode; __u8 s_last_error_errcode; __le16 s_encoding; /* Filename charset encoding */ __le16 s_encoding_flags; /* Filename charset encoding flags */ __le32 s_reserved[95]; /* Padding to the end of the block */ __le32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ }; #define EXT4_S_ERR_LEN (EXT4_S_ERR_END - EXT4_S_ERR_START) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) ((sbi)->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy != NULL) #else #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) (0) #endif /* Number of quota types we support */ #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS 3 #define EXT4_ENC_UTF8_12_1 1 /* * fourth extended-fs super-block data in memory */ struct ext4_sb_info { unsigned long s_desc_size; /* Size of a group descriptor in bytes */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_block;/* Number of inodes per block */ unsigned long s_blocks_per_group;/* Number of blocks in a group */ unsigned long s_clusters_per_group; /* Number of clusters in a group */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_group;/* Number of inodes in a group */ unsigned long s_itb_per_group; /* Number of inode table blocks per group */ unsigned long s_gdb_count; /* Number of group descriptor blocks */ unsigned long s_desc_per_block; /* Number of group descriptors per block */ ext4_group_t s_groups_count; /* Number of groups in the fs */ ext4_group_t s_blockfile_groups;/* Groups acceptable for non-extent files */ unsigned long s_overhead; /* # of fs overhead clusters */ unsigned int s_cluster_ratio; /* Number of blocks per cluster */ unsigned int s_cluster_bits; /* log2 of s_cluster_ratio */ loff_t s_bitmap_maxbytes; /* max bytes for bitmap files */ struct buffer_head * s_sbh; /* Buffer containing the super block */ struct ext4_super_block *s_es; /* Pointer to the super block in the buffer */ struct buffer_head * __rcu *s_group_desc; unsigned int s_mount_opt; unsigned int s_mount_opt2; unsigned long s_mount_flags; unsigned int s_def_mount_opt; ext4_fsblk_t s_sb_block; atomic64_t s_resv_clusters; kuid_t s_resuid; kgid_t s_resgid; unsigned short s_mount_state; unsigned short s_pad; int s_addr_per_block_bits; int s_desc_per_block_bits; int s_inode_size; int s_first_ino; unsigned int s_inode_readahead_blks; unsigned int s_inode_goal; u32 s_hash_seed[4]; int s_def_hash_version; int s_hash_unsigned; /* 3 if hash should be signed, 0 if not */ struct percpu_counter s_freeclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_freeinodes_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirs_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirtyclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit; struct blockgroup_lock *s_blockgroup_lock; struct proc_dir_entry *s_proc; struct kobject s_kobj; struct completion s_kobj_unregister; struct super_block *s_sb; struct buffer_head *s_mmp_bh; /* Journaling */ struct journal_s *s_journal; struct list_head s_orphan; struct mutex s_orphan_lock; unsigned long s_ext4_flags; /* Ext4 superblock flags */ unsigned long s_commit_interval; u32 s_max_batch_time; u32 s_min_batch_time; struct block_device *s_journal_bdev; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Names of quota files with journalled quota */ char __rcu *s_qf_names[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS]; int s_jquota_fmt; /* Format of quota to use */ #endif unsigned int s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ struct ext4_system_blocks __rcu *s_system_blks; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS /* ext4 extents stats */ unsigned long s_ext_min; unsigned long s_ext_max; unsigned long s_depth_max; spinlock_t s_ext_stats_lock; unsigned long s_ext_blocks; unsigned long s_ext_extents; #endif /* for buddy allocator */ struct ext4_group_info ** __rcu *s_group_info; struct inode *s_buddy_cache; spinlock_t s_md_lock; unsigned short *s_mb_offsets; unsigned int *s_mb_maxs; unsigned int s_group_info_size; unsigned int s_mb_free_pending; struct list_head s_freed_data_list; /* List of blocks to be freed after commit completed */ /* tunables */ unsigned long s_stripe; unsigned int s_mb_stream_request; unsigned int s_mb_max_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_min_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_stats; unsigned int s_mb_order2_reqs; unsigned int s_mb_group_prealloc; unsigned int s_mb_max_inode_prealloc; unsigned int s_max_dir_size_kb; /* where last allocation was done - for stream allocation */ unsigned long s_mb_last_group; unsigned long s_mb_last_start; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch_limit; /* stats for buddy allocator */ atomic_t s_bal_reqs; /* number of reqs with len > 1 */ atomic_t s_bal_success; /* we found long enough chunks */ atomic_t s_bal_allocated; /* in blocks */ atomic_t s_bal_ex_scanned; /* total extents scanned */ atomic_t s_bal_goals; /* goal hits */ atomic_t s_bal_breaks; /* too long searches */ atomic_t s_bal_2orders; /* 2^order hits */ spinlock_t s_bal_lock; unsigned long s_mb_buddies_generated; unsigned long long s_mb_generation_time; atomic_t s_mb_lost_chunks; atomic_t s_mb_preallocated; atomic_t s_mb_discarded; atomic_t s_lock_busy; /* locality groups */ struct ext4_locality_group __percpu *s_locality_groups; /* for write statistics */ unsigned long s_sectors_written_start; u64 s_kbytes_written; /* the size of zero-out chunk */ unsigned int s_extent_max_zeroout_kb; unsigned int s_log_groups_per_flex; struct flex_groups * __rcu *s_flex_groups; ext4_group_t s_flex_groups_allocated; /* workqueue for reserved extent conversions (buffered io) */ struct workqueue_struct *rsv_conversion_wq; /* timer for periodic error stats printing */ struct timer_list s_err_report; /* Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_li_request *s_li_request; /* Wait multiplier for lazy initialization thread */ unsigned int s_li_wait_mult; /* Kernel thread for multiple mount protection */ struct task_struct *s_mmp_tsk; /* record the last minlen when FITRIM is called. */ atomic_t s_last_trim_minblks; /* Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi */ struct crypto_shash *s_chksum_driver; /* Precomputed FS UUID checksum for seeding other checksums */ __u32 s_csum_seed; /* Reclaim extents from extent status tree */ struct shrinker s_es_shrinker; struct list_head s_es_list; /* List of inodes with reclaimable extents */ long s_es_nr_inode; struct ext4_es_stats s_es_stats; struct mb_cache *s_ea_block_cache; struct mb_cache *s_ea_inode_cache; spinlock_t s_es_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Ratelimit ext4 messages. */ struct ratelimit_state s_err_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_warning_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_msg_ratelimit_state; atomic_t s_warning_count; atomic_t s_msg_count; /* Encryption policy for '-o test_dummy_encryption' */ struct fscrypt_dummy_policy s_dummy_enc_policy; /* * Barrier between writepages ops and changing any inode's JOURNAL_DATA * or EXTENTS flag. */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore s_writepages_rwsem; struct dax_device *s_daxdev; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG unsigned long s_simulate_fail; #endif /* Record the errseq of the backing block device */ errseq_t s_bdev_wb_err; spinlock_t s_bdev_wb_lock; /* Ext4 fast commit stuff */ atomic_t s_fc_subtid; atomic_t s_fc_ineligible_updates; /* * After commit starts, the main queue gets locked, and the further * updates get added in the staging queue. */ #define FC_Q_MAIN 0 #define FC_Q_STAGING 1 struct list_head s_fc_q[2]; /* Inodes staged for fast commit * that have data changes in them. */ struct list_head s_fc_dentry_q[2]; /* directory entry updates */ unsigned int s_fc_bytes; /* * Main fast commit lock. This lock protects accesses to the * following fields: * ei->i_fc_list, s_fc_dentry_q, s_fc_q, s_fc_bytes, s_fc_bh. */ spinlock_t s_fc_lock; struct buffer_head *s_fc_bh; struct ext4_fc_stats s_fc_stats; u64 s_fc_avg_commit_time; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG int s_fc_debug_max_replay; #endif struct ext4_fc_replay_state s_fc_replay_state; }; static inline struct ext4_sb_info *EXT4_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct ext4_inode_info *EXT4_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino) { return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO || (ino >= EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino <= le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count)); } /* * Returns: sbi->field[index] * Used to access an array element from the following sbi fields which require * rcu protection to avoid dereferencing an invalid pointer due to reassignment * - s_group_desc * - s_group_info * - s_flex_group */ #define sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, field, index) \ ({ \ typeof(*((sbi)->field)) _v; \ rcu_read_lock(); \ _v = ((typeof(_v)*)rcu_dereference((sbi)->field))[index]; \ rcu_read_unlock(); \ _v; \ }) /* * run-time mount flags */ enum { EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED, /* Fatal error detected */ EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE, /* Fast commit ineligible */ EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING /* File system underoing a fast * commit. */ }; static inline void ext4_set_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { set_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline void ext4_clear_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { clear_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline int ext4_test_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { return test_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } /* * Simulate_fail codes */ #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_EIO 1 #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_CRC 2 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_EIO 3 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_CRC 4 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_EIO 5 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_CRC 6 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_EIO 7 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC 8 static inline bool ext4_simulate_fail(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long code) { #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (unlikely(sbi->s_simulate_fail == code)) { sbi->s_simulate_fail = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } static inline void ext4_simulate_fail_bh(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long code) { if (!IS_ERR(bh) && ext4_simulate_fail(sb, code)) clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); } /* * Error number codes for s_{first,last}_error_errno * * Linux errno numbers are architecture specific, so we need to translate * them into something which is architecture independent. We don't define * codes for all errno's; just the ones which are most likely to be the cause * of an ext4_error() call. */ #define EXT4_ERR_UNKNOWN 1 #define EXT4_ERR_EIO 2 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOMEM 3 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSBADCRC 4 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSCORRUPTED 5 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOSPC 6 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOKEY 7 #define EXT4_ERR_EROFS 8 #define EXT4_ERR_EFBIG 9 #define EXT4_ERR_EEXIST 10 #define EXT4_ERR_ERANGE 11 #define EXT4_ERR_EOVERFLOW 12 #define EXT4_ERR_EBUSY 13 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTDIR 14 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTEMPTY 15 #define EXT4_ERR_ESHUTDOWN 16 #define EXT4_ERR_EFAULT 17 /* * Inode dynamic state flags */ enum { EXT4_STATE_JDATA, /* journaled data exists */ EXT4_STATE_NEW, /* inode is newly created */ EXT4_STATE_XATTR, /* has in-inode xattrs */ EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND, /* No space for expansion */ EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE, /* Alloc DA blks on close */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE, /* Inode is migrating */ EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY, /* File just added to dir */ EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA, /* may have in-inode data */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED, /* extents have been precached */ EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE, /* Lustre-style ea_inode */ EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS, /* building fs-verity Merkle tree */ EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING, /* Fast commit ongoing */ }; #define EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(name, field, offset) \ static inline int ext4_test_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ return test_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ set_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ clear_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(flag, flags, 0) /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, state_flags, 0) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { (ei)->i_state_flags = 0; } #else EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, flags, 32) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { /* We depend on the fact that callers will set i_flags */ } #endif #else /* Assume that user mode programs are passing in an ext4fs superblock, not * a kernel struct super_block. This will allow us to call the feature-test * macros from user land. */ #define EXT4_SB(sb) (sb) #endif static inline bool ext4_verity_in_progress(struct inode *inode) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_VERITY) && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS); } #define NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime /* * Codes for operating systems */ #define EXT4_OS_LINUX 0 #define EXT4_OS_HURD 1 #define EXT4_OS_MASIX 2 #define EXT4_OS_FREEBSD 3 #define EXT4_OS_LITES 4 /* * Revision levels */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV 0 /* The good old (original) format */ #define EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV 1 /* V2 format w/ dynamic inode sizes */ #define EXT4_CURRENT_REV EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV #define EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE 128 #define EXT4_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX (((s64)1 << 34) - 1 + S32_MIN) #define EXT4_NON_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX S32_MAX #define EXT4_TIMESTAMP_MIN S32_MIN /* * Feature set definitions */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_IMAGIC_INODES 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_RESIZE_INODE 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER2 0x0200 /* * The reason why "FAST_COMMIT" is a compat feature is that, FS becomes * incompatible only if fast commit blocks are present in the FS. Since we * clear the journal (and thus the fast commit blocks), we don't mark FS as * incompatible. We also have a JBD2 incompat feature, which gets set when * there are fast commit blocks present in the journal. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_STABLE_INODES 0x0800 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE 0x0040 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC 0x0200 /* * METADATA_CSUM also enables group descriptor checksums (GDT_CSUM). When * METADATA_CSUM is set, group descriptor checksums use the same algorithm as * all other data structures' checksums. However, the METADATA_CSUM and * GDT_CSUM bits are mutually exclusive. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_READONLY 0x1000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY 0x8000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPRESSION 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER 0x0004 /* Needs recovery */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV 0x0008 /* Journal device */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS 0x0040 /* extents support */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x0080 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG 0x0200 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE 0x0400 /* EA in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_DIRDATA 0x1000 /* data in dirent */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR 0x4000 /* >2GB or 3-lvl htree */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA 0x8000 /* data in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT 0x10000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD 0x20000 extern void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb); #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_prealloc, DIR_PREALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(imagic_inodes, IMAGIC_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(journal, HAS_JOURNAL) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(xattr, EXT_ATTR) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(resize_inode, RESIZE_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_index, DIR_INDEX) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super2, SPARSE_SUPER2) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(stable_inodes, STABLE_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super, SPARSE_SUPER) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(large_file, LARGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(btree_dir, BTREE_DIR) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(huge_file, HUGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(gdt_csum, GDT_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_nlink, DIR_NLINK) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(extra_isize, EXTRA_ISIZE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(quota, QUOTA) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(bigalloc, BIGALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(metadata_csum, METADATA_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(readonly, READONLY) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(project, PROJECT) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(verity, VERITY) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(compression, COMPRESSION) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(filetype, FILETYPE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_needs_recovery, RECOVER) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_dev, JOURNAL_DEV) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(meta_bg, META_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(extents, EXTENTS) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(mmp, MMP) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(flex_bg, FLEX_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(ea_inode, EA_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(dirdata, DIRDATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum_seed, CSUM_SEED) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(largedir, LARGEDIR) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(inline_data, INLINE_DATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(encrypt, ENCRYPT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(casefold, CASEFOLD) #define EXT2_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT3_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT3_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT3_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM|\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY) #define EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(ver) \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(2) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(3) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(4) static inline bool ext4_has_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat != 0); } /* * Superblock flags */ #define EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING 0 #define EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN 1 #define EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX 2 static inline int ext4_forced_shutdown(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); } /* * Default values for user and/or group using reserved blocks */ #define EXT4_DEF_RESUID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_RESGID 0 /* * Default project ID */ #define EXT4_DEF_PROJID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS 32 /* * Default mount options */ #define EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG 0x0001 #define EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS 0x0002 #define EXT4_DEFM_XATTR_USER 0x0004 #define EXT4_DEFM_ACL 0x0008 #define EXT4_DEFM_UID16 0x0010 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA 0x0020 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED 0x0040 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER 0x0100 #define EXT4_DEFM_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x0200 #define EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD 0x0400 #define EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC 0x0800 /* * Default journal batch times */ #define EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME 0 #define EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME 15000 /* 15ms */ /* * Minimum number of groups in a flexgroup before we separate out * directories into the first block group of a flexgroup */ #define EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME 4 /* * Structure of a directory entry */ #define EXT4_NAME_LEN 255 struct ext4_dir_entry { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __le16 name_len; /* Name length */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * The new version of the directory entry. Since EXT4 structures are * stored in intel byte order, and the name_len field could never be * bigger than 255 chars, it's safe to reclaim the extra byte for the * file_type field. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_2 { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __u8 name_len; /* Name length */ __u8 file_type; /* See file type macros EXT4_FT_* below */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * This is a bogus directory entry at the end of each leaf block that * records checksums. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_tail { __le32 det_reserved_zero1; /* Pretend to be unused */ __le16 det_rec_len; /* 12 */ __u8 det_reserved_zero2; /* Zero name length */ __u8 det_reserved_ft; /* 0xDE, fake file type */ __le32 det_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; #define EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(block, blocksize) \ ((struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)(((void *)(block)) + \ ((blocksize) - \ sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)))) /* * Ext4 directory file types. Only the low 3 bits are used. The * other bits are reserved for now. */ #define EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN 0 #define EXT4_FT_REG_FILE 1 #define EXT4_FT_DIR 2 #define EXT4_FT_CHRDEV 3 #define EXT4_FT_BLKDEV 4 #define EXT4_FT_FIFO 5 #define EXT4_FT_SOCK 6 #define EXT4_FT_SYMLINK 7 #define EXT4_FT_MAX 8 #define EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM 0xDE /* * EXT4_DIR_PAD defines the directory entries boundaries * * NOTE: It must be a multiple of 4 */ #define EXT4_DIR_PAD 4 #define EXT4_DIR_ROUND (EXT4_DIR_PAD - 1) #define EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(name_len) (((name_len) + 8 + EXT4_DIR_ROUND) & \ ~EXT4_DIR_ROUND) #define EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN ((1<<16)-1) /* * If we ever get support for fs block sizes > page_size, we'll need * to remove the #if statements in the next two functions... */ static inline unsigned int ext4_rec_len_from_disk(__le16 dlen, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned len = le16_to_cpu(dlen); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len == EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN || len == 0) return blocksize; return (len & 65532) | ((len & 3) << 16); #else return len; #endif } static inline __le16 ext4_rec_len_to_disk(unsigned len, unsigned blocksize) { if ((len > blocksize) || (blocksize > (1 << 18)) || (len & 3)) BUG(); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len < 65536) return cpu_to_le16(len); if (len == blocksize) { if (blocksize == 65536) return cpu_to_le16(EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN); else return cpu_to_le16(0); } return cpu_to_le16((len & 65532) | ((len >> 16) & 3)); #else return cpu_to_le16(len); #endif } /* * Hash Tree Directory indexing * (c) Daniel Phillips, 2001 */ #define is_dx(dir) (ext4_has_feature_dir_index((dir)->i_sb) && \ ext4_test_inode_flag((dir), EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir) unlikely((dir)->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX && \ !(ext4_has_feature_dir_nlink((dir)->i_sb) && is_dx(dir))) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(dir) ((dir)->i_nlink == 2 || (dir)->i_nlink == 1) /* Legal values for the dx_root hash_version field: */ #define DX_HASH_LEGACY 0 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 1 #define DX_HASH_TEA 2 #define DX_HASH_LEGACY_UNSIGNED 3 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4_UNSIGNED 4 #define DX_HASH_TEA_UNSIGNED 5 static inline u32 ext4_chksum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[4]; } desc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(sbi->s_chksum_driver)!=sizeof(desc.ctx)); desc.shash.tfm = sbi->s_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length)); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* hash info structure used by the directory hash */ struct dx_hash_info { u32 hash; u32 minor_hash; int hash_version; u32 *seed; }; /* 32 and 64 bit signed EOF for dx directories */ #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT ((1UL << (32 - 1)) - 1) #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT ((1ULL << (64 - 1)) - 1) /* * Control parameters used by ext4_htree_next_block */ #define HASH_NB_ALWAYS 1 struct ext4_filename { const struct qstr *usr_fname; struct fscrypt_str disk_name; struct dx_hash_info hinfo; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct fscrypt_str cf_name; #endif }; #define fname_name(p) ((p)->disk_name.name) #define fname_len(p) ((p)->disk_name.len) /* * Describe an inode's exact location on disk and in memory */ struct ext4_iloc { struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned long offset; ext4_group_t block_group; }; static inline struct ext4_inode *ext4_raw_inode(struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { return (struct ext4_inode *) (iloc->bh->b_data + iloc->offset); } static inline bool ext4_is_quota_file(struct inode *inode) { return IS_NOQUOTA(inode) && !(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL); } /* * This structure is stuffed into the struct file's private_data field * for directories. It is where we put information so that we can do * readdir operations in hash tree order. */ struct dir_private_info { struct rb_root root; struct rb_node *curr_node; struct fname *extra_fname; loff_t last_pos; __u32 curr_hash; __u32 curr_minor_hash; __u32 next_hash; }; /* calculate the first block number of the group */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_group_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group_no) { return group_no * (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block); } /* * Special error return code only used by dx_probe() and its callers. */ #define ERR_BAD_DX_DIR (-(MAX_ERRNO - 1)) /* htree levels for ext4 */ #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT 2 #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL 3 static inline int ext4_dir_htree_level(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) ? EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL : EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT; } /* * Timeout and state flag for lazy initialization inode thread. */ #define EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT 10 #define EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY 5 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT 0x0001 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING 0x0002 /* * Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_lazy_init { unsigned long li_state; struct list_head li_request_list; struct mutex li_list_mtx; }; enum ext4_li_mode { EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP, EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE, }; struct ext4_li_request { struct super_block *lr_super; enum ext4_li_mode lr_mode; ext4_group_t lr_first_not_zeroed; ext4_group_t lr_next_group; struct list_head lr_request; unsigned long lr_next_sched; unsigned long lr_timeout; }; struct ext4_features { struct kobject f_kobj; struct completion f_kobj_unregister; }; /* * This structure will be used for multiple mount protection. It will be * written into the block number saved in the s_mmp_block field in the * superblock. Programs that check MMP should assume that if * SEQ_FSCK (or any unknown code above SEQ_MAX) is present then it is NOT safe * to use the filesystem, regardless of how old the timestamp is. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAGIC 0x004D4D50U /* ASCII for MMP */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN 0xFF4D4D50U /* mmp_seq value for clean unmount */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_FSCK 0xE24D4D50U /* mmp_seq value when being fscked */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX 0xE24D4D4FU /* maximum valid mmp_seq value */ struct mmp_struct { __le32 mmp_magic; /* Magic number for MMP */ __le32 mmp_seq; /* Sequence no. updated periodically */ /* * mmp_time, mmp_nodename & mmp_bdevname are only used for information * purposes and do not affect the correctness of the algorithm */ __le64 mmp_time; /* Time last updated */ char mmp_nodename[64]; /* Node which last updated MMP block */ char mmp_bdevname[32]; /* Bdev which last updated MMP block */ /* * mmp_check_interval is used to verify if the MMP block has been * updated on the block device. The value is updated based on the * maximum time to write the MMP block during an update cycle. */ __le16 mmp_check_interval; __le16 mmp_pad1; __le32 mmp_pad2[226]; __le32 mmp_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+mmp_block) */ }; /* arguments passed to the mmp thread */ struct mmpd_data { struct buffer_head *bh; /* bh from initial read_mmp_block() */ struct super_block *sb; /* super block of the fs */ }; /* * Check interval multiplier * The MMP block is written every update interval and initially checked every * update interval x the multiplier (the value is then adapted based on the * write latency). The reason is that writes can be delayed under load and we * don't want readers to incorrectly assume that the filesystem is no longer * in use. */ #define EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT 2UL /* * Minimum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL 5UL /* * Maximum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAX_CHECK_INTERVAL 300UL /* * Function prototypes */ /* * Ok, these declarations are also in <linux/kernel.h> but none of the * ext4 source programs needs to include it so they are duplicated here. */ # define NORET_TYPE /**/ # define ATTRIB_NORET __attribute__((noreturn)) # define NORET_AND noreturn, /* bitmap.c */ extern unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned numchars); void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); /* balloc.c */ extern void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr, ext4_group_t *blockgrpp, ext4_grpblk_t *offsetp); extern ext4_group_t ext4_get_group_number(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); extern unsigned int ext4_block_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern ext4_grpblk_t ext4_block_group_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *count, int *errp); extern int ext4_claim_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_blocks_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block * sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head ** bh); extern int ext4_should_retry_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int *retries); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, bool ignore_locked); extern int ext4_wait_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head *bh); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group); extern unsigned ext4_free_clusters_after_init(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_to_goal_block(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern void ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct fscrypt_str *fname); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static inline void ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(struct ext4_filename *dst, const struct fscrypt_name *src) { memset(dst, 0, sizeof(*dst)); dst->usr_fname = src->usr_fname; dst->disk_name = src->disk_name; dst->hinfo.hash = src->hash; dst->hinfo.minor_hash = src->minor_hash; dst->crypto_buf = src->crypto_buf; } static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_setup_filename(dir, iname, lookup, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; name.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; fscrypt_free_filename(&name); fname->crypto_buf.name = NULL; fname->usr_fname = NULL; fname->disk_name.name = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { fname->usr_fname = iname; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *) iname->name; fname->disk_name.len = iname->len; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { return ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 1, fname); } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ /* dir.c */ extern int __ext4_check_dir_entry(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, struct file *, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *, struct buffer_head *, char *, int, unsigned int); #define ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, filp, de, bh, buf, size, offset) \ unlikely(__ext4_check_dir_entry(__func__, __LINE__, (dir), (filp), \ (de), (bh), (buf), (size), (offset))) extern int ext4_htree_store_dirent(struct file *dir_file, __u32 hash, __u32 minor_hash, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dirent, struct fscrypt_str *ent_name); extern void ext4_htree_free_dir_info(struct dir_private_info *p); extern int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de); void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname); static inline void ext4_update_dx_flag(struct inode *inode) { if (!ext4_has_feature_dir_index(inode->i_sb) && ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) { /* ext4_iget() should have caught this... */ WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)); ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); } } static const unsigned char ext4_filetype_table[] = { DT_UNKNOWN, DT_REG, DT_DIR, DT_CHR, DT_BLK, DT_FIFO, DT_SOCK, DT_LNK }; static inline unsigned char get_dtype(struct super_block *sb, int filetype) { if (!ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb) || filetype >= EXT4_FT_MAX) return DT_UNKNOWN; return ext4_filetype_table[filetype]; } extern int ext4_check_all_de(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size); /* fsync.c */ extern int ext4_sync_file(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); /* hash.c */ extern int ext4fs_dirhash(const struct inode *dir, const char *name, int len, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo); /* ialloc.c */ extern int ext4_mark_inode_used(struct super_block *sb, int ino); extern struct inode *__ext4_new_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *, umode_t, const struct qstr *qstr, __u32 goal, uid_t *owner, __u32 i_flags, int handle_type, unsigned int line_no, int nblocks); #define ext4_new_inode(handle, dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, i_flags) \ __ext4_new_inode((handle), (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ i_flags, 0, 0, 0) #define ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, \ type, nblocks) \ __ext4_new_inode(NULL, (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ 0, (type), __LINE__, (nblocks)) extern void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern struct inode * ext4_orphan_get(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern unsigned long ext4_count_free_inodes(struct super_block *); extern unsigned long ext4_count_dirs(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_inodes_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap); extern int ext4_init_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int barrier); extern void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* fast_commit.c */ int ext4_fc_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); void ext4_fc_init(struct super_block *sb, journal_t *journal); void ext4_fc_init_inode(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_track_range(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); void __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_start_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(struct super_block *sb); void ext4_fc_start_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_stop_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_del(struct inode *inode); bool ext4_fc_replay_check_excluded(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); void ext4_fc_replay_cleanup(struct super_block *sb); int ext4_fc_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t commit_tid); int __init ext4_fc_init_dentry_cache(void); /* mballoc.c */ extern const struct seq_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops; extern long ext4_mb_stats; extern long ext4_mb_max_to_scan; extern int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *); extern int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle_t *, struct ext4_allocation_request *, int *); extern int ext4_mb_reserve_blocks(struct super_block *, int); extern void ext4_discard_preallocations(struct inode *, unsigned int); extern int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void); extern void ext4_exit_mballoc(void); extern ext4_group_t ext4_mb_prefetch(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr, int *cnt); extern void ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr); extern void ext4_free_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count, int flags); extern int ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroups); extern int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t i, struct ext4_group_desc *desc); extern int ext4_group_add_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count); extern int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *, struct fstrim_range *); extern void ext4_process_freed_data(struct super_block *sb, tid_t commit_tid); extern void ext4_mb_mark_bb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, int len, int state); /* inode.c */ void ext4_inode_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei); int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode); struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); int ext4_bread_batch(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int bh_count, bool wait, struct buffer_head **bhs); int ext4_get_block_unwritten(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create); int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *head, unsigned from, unsigned to, int *partial, int (*fn)(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)); int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); #define FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC 1 #define CONVERT_INLINE_DATA 2 typedef enum { EXT4_IGET_NORMAL = 0, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL = 0x0001, /* OK to iget a system inode */ EXT4_IGET_HANDLE = 0x0002 /* Inode # is from a handle */ } ext4_iget_flags; extern struct inode *__ext4_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, ext4_iget_flags flags, const char *function, unsigned int line); #define ext4_iget(sb, ino, flags) \ __ext4_iget((sb), (ino), (flags), __func__, __LINE__) extern int ext4_write_inode(struct inode *, struct writeback_control *); extern int ext4_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int ext4_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *); extern void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *); extern int ext4_file_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int ext4_sync_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern void ext4_dirty_inode(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *, struct ext4_iloc *); extern int ext4_get_fc_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); extern int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_truncate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *); extern int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length); extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *, bool init); extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode); extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *); extern int ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int nrblocks); extern int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern vm_fault_t ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern vm_fault_t ext4_filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_get_projid(struct inode *inode, kprojid_t *projid); extern void ext4_da_release_space(struct inode *inode, int to_free); extern void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode, int used, int quota_claim); extern int ext4_issue_zeroout(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t len); /* indirect.c */ extern int ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ind_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks); extern void ext4_ind_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ind_remove_space(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); /* ioctl.c */ extern long ext4_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern void ext4_reset_inode_seed(struct inode *inode); /* migrate.c */ extern int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_ind_migrate(struct inode *inode); /* namei.c */ extern int ext4_init_new_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash); extern int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); extern int ext4_generic_delete_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size); extern bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode); /* resize.c */ extern void ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(void *to_free); extern int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input); extern int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); extern int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); /* super.c */ extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern void ext4_read_bh_nowait(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh_lock(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bool wait); extern void ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern int ext4_seq_options_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset); extern int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup); extern const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno, char nbuf[16]); extern void ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, unsigned int flags); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, __u64, const char *, ...); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_error_file(struct file *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); extern void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning_inode(const struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 4) void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *, const char *, const char *, ...); extern void __dump_mmp_msg(struct super_block *, struct mmp_struct *mmp, const char *, unsigned int, const char *); extern __printf(7, 8) void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *, unsigned int, struct super_block *, ext4_group_t, unsigned long, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(inode, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (err), (fmt), ## a) #define ext4_error_inode_block(inode, block, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (err), \ (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_FILE(file, block, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_file((file), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a) #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, 0, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), (func), (line), (block), \ (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, 0, 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_abort((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, __func__, __LINE__, msg) #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_grp_locked_error(__func__, __LINE__, sb, grp, ino, block, \ fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_file(file, "", 0, block, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, 0, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, err, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_abort(sb, "", 0, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning(sb, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_msg(sb, "", " "); \ } while (0) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, "", 0, "") #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_grp_locked_error("", 0, sb, grp, ino, block, " "); \ } while (0) #endif extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed); static inline int ext4_has_metadata_csum(struct super_block *sb) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && !EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver); return ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver != NULL); } static inline int ext4_has_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb) || ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb); } #define ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, name) \ (((es)->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT) \ ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->name##_hi) << 32 : 0) | \ le32_to_cpu(es->name##_lo)) static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_r_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_r_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_free_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_free_blocks_count); } static inline void ext4_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_free_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_r_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_r_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_r_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline loff_t ext4_isize(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode) { if (ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) || S_ISREG(le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_mode))) return ((loff_t)le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_high) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); return (loff_t) le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); } static inline void ext4_isize_set(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, loff_t i_size) { raw_inode->i_size_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_size); raw_inode->i_size_high = cpu_to_le32(i_size >> 32); } static inline struct ext4_group_info *ext4_get_group_info(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { struct ext4_group_info **grp_info; long indexv, indexh; BUG_ON(group >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count); indexv = group >> (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)); indexh = group & ((EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) - 1); grp_info = sbi_array_rcu_deref(EXT4_SB(sb), s_group_info, indexv); return grp_info[indexh]; } /* * Reading s_groups_count requires using smp_rmb() afterwards. See * the locking protocol documented in the comments of ext4_group_add() * in resize.c */ static inline ext4_group_t ext4_get_groups_count(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; smp_rmb(); return ngroups; } static inline ext4_group_t ext4_flex_group(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, ext4_group_t block_group) { return block_group >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } static inline unsigned int ext4_flex_bg_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } #define ext4_std_error(sb, errno) \ do { \ if ((errno)) \ __ext4_std_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (errno)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Each CPU can accumulate percpu_counter_batch clusters in their local * counters. So we need to make sure we have free clusters more * than percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids. Also add a window of 4 times. */ #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK (4 * (percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids)) #else #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK 0 #endif /* Update i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline void ext4_update_i_disksize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { WARN_ON_ONCE(S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) WRITE_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize, newsize); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } /* Update i_size, i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline int ext4_update_inode_size(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { int changed = 0; if (newsize > inode->i_size) { i_size_write(inode, newsize); changed = 1; } if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) { ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, newsize); changed |= 2; } return changed; } int ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); struct ext4_group_info { unsigned long bb_state; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK unsigned long bb_check_counter; #endif struct rb_root bb_free_root; ext4_grpblk_t bb_first_free; /* first free block */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_free; /* total free blocks */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_fragments; /* nr of freespace fragments */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_largest_free_order;/* order of largest frag in BG */ struct list_head bb_prealloc_list; #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK void *bb_bitmap; #endif struct rw_semaphore alloc_sem; ext4_grpblk_t bb_counters[]; /* Nr of free power-of-two-block * regions, index is order. * bb_counters[3] = 5 means * 5 free 8-block regions. */ }; #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT 0 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT 1 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 2 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 3 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT 4 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(grp) \ (set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(grp) \ (clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_TEST_AND_SET_READ(grp) \ (test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION 8 #define EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD 2 static inline spinlock_t *ext4_group_lock_ptr(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { return bgl_lock_ptr(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_blockgroup_lock, group); } /* * Returns true if the filesystem is busy enough that attempts to * access the block group locks has run into contention. */ static inline int ext4_fs_is_busy(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return (atomic_read(&sbi->s_lock_busy) > EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD); } static inline void ext4_lock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spinlock_t *lock = ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group); if (spin_trylock(lock)) /* * We're able to grab the lock right away, so drop the * lock contention counter. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, -1, 0); else { /* * The lock is busy, so bump the contention counter, * and then wait on the spin lock. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, 1, EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION); spin_lock(lock); } } static inline void ext4_unlock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spin_unlock(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group)); } /* * Block validity checking */ #define ext4_check_indirect_blockref(inode, bh) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ (__le32 *)(bh)->b_data, \ EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_ind_check_inode(inode) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, \ EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS) /* * Inodes and files operations */ /* dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern const struct dentry_operations ext4_dentry_ops; #endif /* file.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations; extern loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin); /* inline.c */ extern int ext4_get_max_inline_size(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_init_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int len); extern int ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_readpage_inline(struct inode *inode, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep); extern int ext4_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern struct buffer_head * ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode, unsigned len, struct page *page); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_read_inline_dir(struct file *filp, struct dir_context *ctx, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_find_inline_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, int *has_inline_data); extern bool empty_inline_dir(struct inode *dir, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_inline_block(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *retval); extern int ext4_inline_data_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, int *has_inline, __u64 start, __u64 len); struct iomap; extern int ext4_inline_data_iomap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap); extern int ext4_inline_data_truncate(struct inode *inode, int *has_inline); extern int ext4_convert_inline_data(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_has_inline_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA) && EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off; } /* namei.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations; extern struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child); extern struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len); extern void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize); extern int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_ci_compare(const struct inode *parent, const struct qstr *fname, const struct qstr *entry, bool quick); extern int __ext4_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct inode *inode); extern int __ext4_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); #define S_SHIFT 12 static const unsigned char ext4_type_by_mode[(S_IFMT >> S_SHIFT) + 1] = { [S_IFREG >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_REG_FILE, [S_IFDIR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_DIR, [S_IFCHR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_CHRDEV, [S_IFBLK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_BLKDEV, [S_IFIFO >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_FIFO, [S_IFSOCK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SOCK, [S_IFLNK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SYMLINK, }; static inline void ext4_set_de_type(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, umode_t mode) { if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb)) de->file_type = ext4_type_by_mode[(mode & S_IFMT)>>S_SHIFT]; } /* readpages.c */ extern int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct inode *inode, struct readahead_control *rac, struct page *page); extern int __init ext4_init_post_read_processing(void); extern void ext4_exit_post_read_processing(void); /* symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; /* sysfs.c */ extern int ext4_register_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_unregister_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_sysfs(void); extern void ext4_exit_sysfs(void); /* block_validity */ extern void ext4_release_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_setup_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_system_zone(void); extern void ext4_exit_system_zone(void); extern int ext4_inode_block_valid(struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t start_blk, unsigned int count); extern int ext4_check_blockref(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, __le32 *, unsigned int); /* extents.c */ struct ext4_ext_path; struct ext4_extent; /* * Maximum number of logical blocks in a file; ext4_extent's ee_block is * __le32. */ #define EXT_MAX_BLOCKS 0xffffffff extern void ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents); extern int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *); extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_io_end_vec(handle_t *handle, ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int num, struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *, struct inode *, struct ext4_ext_path **, struct ext4_extent *, int); extern struct ext4_ext_path *ext4_find_extent(struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, struct ext4_ext_path **, int flags); extern void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *); extern int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode); extern ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int mark_unwritten,int *err); extern int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu); extern int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int check_cred, int restart_cred, int revoke_cred); extern void ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t end); extern int ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, int len, int unwritten, ext4_fsblk_t pblk); extern int ext4_ext_clear_bb(struct inode *inode); /* move_extent.c */ extern void ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(struct inode *first, struct inode *second); extern void ext4_double_up_write_data_sem(struct inode *orig_inode, struct inode *donor_inode); extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp, __u64 start_orig, __u64 start_donor, __u64 len, __u64 *moved_len); /* page-io.c */ extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void); extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_get_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_put_io_end_defer(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void ext4_end_io_rsv_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io); extern int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct page *page, int len, struct writeback_control *wbc, bool keep_towrite); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_last_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); /* mmp.c */ extern int ext4_multi_mount_protect(struct super_block *, ext4_fsblk_t); /* mmp.c */ extern void ext4_stop_mmpd(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); /* verity.c */ extern const struct fsverity_operations ext4_verityops; /* * Add new method to test whether block and inode bitmaps are properly * initialized. With uninit_bg reading the block from disk is not enough * to mark the bitmap uptodate. We need to also zero-out the bitmap */ #define BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE BH_JBDPrivateStart static inline int bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { return (buffer_uptodate(bh) && test_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state)); } static inline void set_bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { set_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state); } #define in_range(b, first, len) ((b) >= (first) && (b) <= (first) + (len) - 1) /* For ioend & aio unwritten conversion wait queues */ #define EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ 37 #define ext4_ioend_wq(v) (&ext4__ioend_wq[((unsigned long)(v)) %\ EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]) extern wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]; extern int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb); static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_io_end *io_end) { if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) { io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten); } } static inline void ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { struct inode *inode = io_end->inode; if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) { io_end->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; /* Wake up anyone waiting on unwritten extent conversion */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten)) wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(inode)); } } extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_overwrite_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_report_ops; static inline int ext4_buffer_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { /* * If the buffer has the write error flag, we have failed * to write out data in the block. In this case, we don't * have to read the block because we may read the old data * successfully. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && buffer_write_io_error(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); return buffer_uptodate(bh); } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _EXT4_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_NULLS_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_NULLS_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * RCU-protected list version */ #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /** * hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_nulls_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { if (!hlist_nulls_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_nulls_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * hlist_nulls_first_rcu - returns the first element of the hash list. * @head: the head of the list. */ #define hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head) \ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(head)->first)) /** * hlist_nulls_next_rcu - returns the element of the list after @node. * @node: element of the list. */ #define hlist_nulls_next_rcu(node) \ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(node)->next)) /** * hlist_nulls_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_nulls_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_del_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { __hlist_nulls_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_nulls, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n, struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { struct hlist_nulls_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(h), n); if (!is_a_nulls(first)) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_nulls_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_nulls, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n, struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { struct hlist_nulls_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; !is_a_nulls(i); i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; n->pprev = &last->next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /* after that hlist_nulls_del will work */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_fake(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { n->pprev = &n->next; n->next = (struct hlist_nulls_node *)NULLS_MARKER(NULL); } /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_nulls_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head of the list. * @member: the name of the hlist_nulls_node within the struct. * * The barrier() is needed to make sure compiler doesn't cache first element [1], * as this loop can be restarted [2] * [1] Documentation/core-api/atomic_ops.rst around line 114 * [2] Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.rst around line 146 */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (({barrier();}), \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head)); \ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_safe - * iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_nulls_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head of the list. * @member: the name of the hlist_nulls_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_safe(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (({barrier();}), \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head)); \ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_next_rcu(pos)); 1; });) #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM sock #if !defined(_TRACE_SOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SOCK_H #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #define family_names \ EM(AF_INET) \ EMe(AF_INET6) /* The protocol traced by inet_sock_set_state */ #define inet_protocol_names \ EM(IPPROTO_TCP) \ EM(IPPROTO_DCCP) \ EM(IPPROTO_SCTP) \ EMe(IPPROTO_MPTCP) #define tcp_state_names \ EM(TCP_ESTABLISHED) \ EM(TCP_SYN_SENT) \ EM(TCP_SYN_RECV) \ EM(TCP_FIN_WAIT1) \ EM(TCP_FIN_WAIT2) \ EM(TCP_TIME_WAIT) \ EM(TCP_CLOSE) \ EM(TCP_CLOSE_WAIT) \ EM(TCP_LAST_ACK) \ EM(TCP_LISTEN) \ EM(TCP_CLOSING) \ EMe(TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV) #define skmem_kind_names \ EM(SK_MEM_SEND) \ EMe(SK_MEM_RECV) /* enums need to be exported to user space */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); family_names inet_protocol_names tcp_state_names skmem_kind_names #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a) { a, #a }, #define EMe(a) { a, #a } #define show_family_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, family_names) #define show_inet_protocol_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, inet_protocol_names) #define show_tcp_state_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, tcp_state_names) #define show_skmem_kind_names(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, skmem_kind_names) TRACE_EVENT(sock_rcvqueue_full, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, rmem_alloc) __field(unsigned int, truesize) __field(int, sk_rcvbuf) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->rmem_alloc = atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc); __entry->truesize = skb->truesize; __entry->sk_rcvbuf = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf); ), TP_printk("rmem_alloc=%d truesize=%u sk_rcvbuf=%d", __entry->rmem_alloc, __entry->truesize, __entry->sk_rcvbuf) ); TRACE_EVENT(sock_exceed_buf_limit, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct proto *prot, long allocated, int kind), TP_ARGS(sk, prot, allocated, kind), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long *, sysctl_mem) __field(long, allocated) __field(int, sysctl_rmem) __field(int, rmem_alloc) __field(int, sysctl_wmem) __field(int, wmem_alloc) __field(int, wmem_queued) __field(int, kind) ), TP_fast_assign( strncpy(__entry->name, prot->name, 32); __entry->sysctl_mem = prot->sysctl_mem; __entry->allocated = allocated; __entry->sysctl_rmem = sk_get_rmem0(sk, prot); __entry->rmem_alloc = atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc); __entry->sysctl_wmem = sk_get_wmem0(sk, prot); __entry->wmem_alloc = refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc); __entry->wmem_queued = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_wmem_queued); __entry->kind = kind; ), TP_printk("proto:%s sysctl_mem=%ld,%ld,%ld allocated=%ld sysctl_rmem=%d rmem_alloc=%d sysctl_wmem=%d wmem_alloc=%d wmem_queued=%d kind=%s", __entry->name, __entry->sysctl_mem[0], __entry->sysctl_mem[1], __entry->sysctl_mem[2], __entry->allocated, __entry->sysctl_rmem, __entry->rmem_alloc, __entry->sysctl_wmem, __entry->wmem_alloc, __entry->wmem_queued, show_skmem_kind_names(__entry->kind) ) ); TRACE_EVENT(inet_sock_set_state, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const int oldstate, const int newstate), TP_ARGS(sk, oldstate, newstate), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(int, oldstate) __field(int, newstate) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __field(__u16, family) __field(__u16, protocol) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->oldstate = oldstate; __entry->newstate = newstate; __entry->family = sk->sk_family; __entry->protocol = sk->sk_protocol; __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = inet->inet_saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = inet->inet_daddr; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; *pin6 = sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr; pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; *pin6 = sk->sk_v6_daddr; } else #endif { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(inet->inet_saddr, pin6); pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(inet->inet_daddr, pin6); } ), TP_printk("family=%s protocol=%s sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c oldstate=%s newstate=%s", show_family_name(__entry->family), show_inet_protocol_name(__entry->protocol), __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6, show_tcp_state_name(__entry->oldstate), show_tcp_state_name(__entry->newstate)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/include/linux/sunrpc/addr.h * * Various routines for copying and comparing sockaddrs and for * converting them to and from presentation format. */ #ifndef _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H #define _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> size_t rpc_ntop(const struct sockaddr *, char *, const size_t); size_t rpc_pton(struct net *, const char *, const size_t, struct sockaddr *, const size_t); char * rpc_sockaddr2uaddr(const struct sockaddr *, gfp_t); size_t rpc_uaddr2sockaddr(struct net *, const char *, const size_t, struct sockaddr *, const size_t); static inline unsigned short rpc_get_port(const struct sockaddr *sap) { switch (sap->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return ntohs(((struct sockaddr_in *)sap)->sin_port); case AF_INET6: return ntohs(((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap)->sin6_port); } return 0; } static inline void rpc_set_port(struct sockaddr *sap, const unsigned short port) { switch (sap->sa_family) { case AF_INET: ((struct sockaddr_in *)sap)->sin_port = htons(port); break; case AF_INET6: ((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap)->sin6_port = htons(port); break; } } #define IPV6_SCOPE_DELIMITER '%' #define IPV6_SCOPE_ID_LEN sizeof("%nnnnnnnnnn") static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr4(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { const struct sockaddr_in *sin1 = (const struct sockaddr_in *)sap1; const struct sockaddr_in *sin2 = (const struct sockaddr_in *)sap2; return sin1->sin_addr.s_addr == sin2->sin_addr.s_addr; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr4(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { const struct sockaddr_in *ssin = (struct sockaddr_in *) src; struct sockaddr_in *dsin = (struct sockaddr_in *) dst; dsin->sin_family = ssin->sin_family; dsin->sin_addr.s_addr = ssin->sin_addr.s_addr; return true; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr6(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { const struct sockaddr_in6 *sin1 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap1; const struct sockaddr_in6 *sin2 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap2; if (!ipv6_addr_equal(&sin1->sin6_addr, &sin2->sin6_addr)) return false; else if (ipv6_addr_type(&sin1->sin6_addr) & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL) return sin1->sin6_scope_id == sin2->sin6_scope_id; return true; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr6(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { const struct sockaddr_in6 *ssin6 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *) src; struct sockaddr_in6 *dsin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *) dst; dsin6->sin6_family = ssin6->sin6_family; dsin6->sin6_addr = ssin6->sin6_addr; dsin6->sin6_scope_id = ssin6->sin6_scope_id; return true; } #else /* !(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr6(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { return false; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr6(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { return false; } #endif /* !(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ /** * rpc_cmp_addr - compare the address portion of two sockaddrs. * @sap1: first sockaddr * @sap2: second sockaddr * * Just compares the family and address portion. Ignores port, but * compares the scope if it's a link-local address. * * Returns true if the addrs are equal, false if they aren't. */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { if (sap1->sa_family == sap2->sa_family) { switch (sap1->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return rpc_cmp_addr4(sap1, sap2); case AF_INET6: return rpc_cmp_addr6(sap1, sap2); } } return false; } /** * rpc_cmp_addr_port - compare the address and port number of two sockaddrs. * @sap1: first sockaddr * @sap2: second sockaddr */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr_port(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { if (!rpc_cmp_addr(sap1, sap2)) return false; return rpc_get_port(sap1) == rpc_get_port(sap2); } /** * rpc_copy_addr - copy the address portion of one sockaddr to another * @dst: destination sockaddr * @src: source sockaddr * * Just copies the address portion and family. Ignores port, scope, etc. * Caller is responsible for making certain that dst is large enough to hold * the address in src. Returns true if address family is supported. Returns * false otherwise. */ static inline bool rpc_copy_addr(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { switch (src->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return __rpc_copy_addr4(dst, src); case AF_INET6: return __rpc_copy_addr6(dst, src); } return false; } /** * rpc_get_scope_id - return scopeid for a given sockaddr * @sa: sockaddr to get scopeid from * * Returns the value of the sin6_scope_id for AF_INET6 addrs, or 0 if * not an AF_INET6 address. */ static inline u32 rpc_get_scope_id(const struct sockaddr *sa) { if (sa->sa_family != AF_INET6) return 0; return ((struct sockaddr_in6 *) sa)->sin6_scope_id; } #endif /* _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #define _LINUX_NSPROXY_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/sched.h> struct mnt_namespace; struct uts_namespace; struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; struct cgroup_namespace; struct fs_struct; /* * A structure to contain pointers to all per-process * namespaces - fs (mount), uts, network, sysvipc, etc. * * The pid namespace is an exception -- it's accessed using * task_active_pid_ns. The pid namespace here is the * namespace that children will use. * * 'count' is the number of tasks holding a reference. * The count for each namespace, then, will be the number * of nsproxies pointing to it, not the number of tasks. * * The nsproxy is shared by tasks which share all namespaces. * As soon as a single namespace is cloned or unshared, the * nsproxy is copied. */ struct nsproxy { atomic_t count; struct uts_namespace *uts_ns; struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; struct pid_namespace *pid_ns_for_children; struct net *net_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns; struct time_namespace *time_ns_for_children; struct cgroup_namespace *cgroup_ns; }; extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy; /* * A structure to encompass all bits needed to install * a partial or complete new set of namespaces. * * If a new user namespace is requested cred will * point to a modifiable set of credentials. If a pointer * to a modifiable set is needed nsset_cred() must be * used and tested. */ struct nsset { unsigned flags; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs; const struct cred *cred; }; static inline struct cred *nsset_cred(struct nsset *set) { if (set->flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return (struct cred *)set->cred; return NULL; } /* * the namespaces access rules are: * * 1. only current task is allowed to change tsk->nsproxy pointer or * any pointer on the nsproxy itself. Current must hold the task_lock * when changing tsk->nsproxy. * * 2. when accessing (i.e. reading) current task's namespaces - no * precautions should be taken - just dereference the pointers * * 3. the access to other task namespaces is performed like this * task_lock(task); * nsproxy = task->nsproxy; * if (nsproxy != NULL) { * / * * * work with the namespaces here * * e.g. get the reference on one of them * * / * } / * * * NULL task->nsproxy means that this task is * * almost dead (zombie) * * / * task_unlock(task); * */ int copy_namespaces(unsigned long flags, struct task_struct *tsk); void exit_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk); void switch_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk, struct nsproxy *new); void free_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns); int unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unsigned long, struct nsproxy **, struct cred *, struct fs_struct *); int __init nsproxy_cache_init(void); static inline void put_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) { free_nsproxy(ns); } } static inline void get_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * fs-verity: read-only file-based authenticity protection * * This header declares the interface between the fs/verity/ support layer and * filesystems that support fs-verity. * * Copyright 2019 Google LLC */ #ifndef _LINUX_FSVERITY_H #define _LINUX_FSVERITY_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <uapi/linux/fsverity.h> /* Verity operations for filesystems */ struct fsverity_operations { /** * Begin enabling verity on the given file. * * @filp: a readonly file descriptor for the file * * The filesystem must do any needed filesystem-specific preparations * for enabling verity, e.g. evicting inline data. It also must return * -EBUSY if verity is already being enabled on the given file. * * i_rwsem is held for write. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*begin_enable_verity)(struct file *filp); /** * End enabling verity on the given file. * * @filp: a readonly file descriptor for the file * @desc: the verity descriptor to write, or NULL on failure * @desc_size: size of verity descriptor, or 0 on failure * @merkle_tree_size: total bytes the Merkle tree took up * * If desc == NULL, then enabling verity failed and the filesystem only * must do any necessary cleanups. Else, it must also store the given * verity descriptor to a fs-specific location associated with the inode * and do any fs-specific actions needed to mark the inode as a verity * inode, e.g. setting a bit in the on-disk inode. The filesystem is * also responsible for setting the S_VERITY flag in the VFS inode. * * i_rwsem is held for write, but it may have been dropped between * ->begin_enable_verity() and ->end_enable_verity(). * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*end_enable_verity)(struct file *filp, const void *desc, size_t desc_size, u64 merkle_tree_size); /** * Get the verity descriptor of the given inode. * * @inode: an inode with the S_VERITY flag set * @buf: buffer in which to place the verity descriptor * @bufsize: size of @buf, or 0 to retrieve the size only * * If bufsize == 0, then the size of the verity descriptor is returned. * Otherwise the verity descriptor is written to 'buf' and its actual * size is returned; -ERANGE is returned if it's too large. This may be * called by multiple processes concurrently on the same inode. * * Return: the size on success, -errno on failure */ int (*get_verity_descriptor)(struct inode *inode, void *buf, size_t bufsize); /** * Read a Merkle tree page of the given inode. * * @inode: the inode * @index: 0-based index of the page within the Merkle tree * @num_ra_pages: The number of Merkle tree pages that should be * prefetched starting at @index if the page at @index * isn't already cached. Implementations may ignore this * argument; it's only a performance optimization. * * This can be called at any time on an open verity file, as well as * between ->begin_enable_verity() and ->end_enable_verity(). It may be * called by multiple processes concurrently, even with the same page. * * Note that this must retrieve a *page*, not necessarily a *block*. * * Return: the page on success, ERR_PTR() on failure */ struct page *(*read_merkle_tree_page)(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index, unsigned long num_ra_pages); /** * Write a Merkle tree block to the given inode. * * @inode: the inode for which the Merkle tree is being built * @buf: block to write * @index: 0-based index of the block within the Merkle tree * @log_blocksize: log base 2 of the Merkle tree block size * * This is only called between ->begin_enable_verity() and * ->end_enable_verity(). * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*write_merkle_tree_block)(struct inode *inode, const void *buf, u64 index, int log_blocksize); }; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY static inline struct fsverity_info *fsverity_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { /* * Pairs with the cmpxchg_release() in fsverity_set_info(). * I.e., another task may publish ->i_verity_info concurrently, * executing a RELEASE barrier. We need to use smp_load_acquire() here * to safely ACQUIRE the memory the other task published. */ return smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_verity_info); } /* enable.c */ int fsverity_ioctl_enable(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg); /* measure.c */ int fsverity_ioctl_measure(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); /* open.c */ int fsverity_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); int fsverity_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); void fsverity_cleanup_inode(struct inode *inode); /* verify.c */ bool fsverity_verify_page(struct page *page); void fsverity_verify_bio(struct bio *bio); void fsverity_enqueue_verify_work(struct work_struct *work); #else /* !CONFIG_FS_VERITY */ static inline struct fsverity_info *fsverity_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { return NULL; } /* enable.c */ static inline int fsverity_ioctl_enable(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* measure.c */ static inline int fsverity_ioctl_measure(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* open.c */ static inline int fsverity_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return IS_VERITY(inode) ? -EOPNOTSUPP : 0; } static inline int fsverity_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { return IS_VERITY(d_inode(dentry)) ? -EOPNOTSUPP : 0; } static inline void fsverity_cleanup_inode(struct inode *inode) { } /* verify.c */ static inline bool fsverity_verify_page(struct page *page) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } static inline void fsverity_verify_bio(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON(1); } static inline void fsverity_enqueue_verify_work(struct work_struct *work) { WARN_ON(1); } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_VERITY */ /** * fsverity_active() - do reads from the inode need to go through fs-verity? * @inode: inode to check * * This checks whether ->i_verity_info has been set. * * Filesystems call this from ->readpages() to check whether the pages need to * be verified or not. Don't use IS_VERITY() for this purpose; it's subject to * a race condition where the file is being read concurrently with * FS_IOC_ENABLE_VERITY completing. (S_VERITY is set before ->i_verity_info.) * * Return: true if reads need to go through fs-verity, otherwise false */ static inline bool fsverity_active(const struct inode *inode) { return fsverity_get_info(inode) != NULL; } #endif /* _LINUX_FSVERITY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __VDSO_HELPERS_H #define __VDSO_HELPERS_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <vdso/datapage.h> static __always_inline u32 vdso_read_begin(const struct vdso_data *vd) { u32 seq; while (unlikely((seq = READ_ONCE(vd->seq)) & 1)) cpu_relax(); smp_rmb(); return seq; } static __always_inline u32 vdso_read_retry(const struct vdso_data *vd, u32 start) { u32 seq; smp_rmb(); seq = READ_ONCE(vd->seq); return seq != start; } static __always_inline void vdso_write_begin(struct vdso_data *vd) { /* * WRITE_ONCE it is required otherwise the compiler can validly tear * updates to vd[x].seq and it is possible that the value seen by the * reader it is inconsistent. */ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq, vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq + 1); WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_RAW].seq, vd[CS_RAW].seq + 1); smp_wmb(); } static __always_inline void vdso_write_end(struct vdso_data *vd) { smp_wmb(); /* * WRITE_ONCE it is required otherwise the compiler can validly tear * updates to vd[x].seq and it is possible that the value seen by the * reader it is inconsistent. */ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq, vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq + 1); WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_RAW].seq, vd[CS_RAW].seq + 1); } #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __VDSO_HELPERS_H */
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1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * linux/include/linux/jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com> * * Copyright 1998-2000 Red Hat, Inc --- All Rights Reserved * * Definitions for transaction data structures for the buffer cache * filesystem journaling support. */ #ifndef _LINUX_JBD2_H #define _LINUX_JBD2_H /* Allow this file to be included directly into e2fsprogs */ #ifndef __KERNEL__ #include "jfs_compat.h" #define JBD2_DEBUG #else #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/journal-head.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #endif #define journal_oom_retry 1 /* * Define JBD2_PARANIOD_IOFAIL to cause a kernel BUG() if ext4 finds * certain classes of error which can occur due to failed IOs. Under * normal use we want ext4 to continue after such errors, because * hardware _can_ fail, but for debugging purposes when running tests on * known-good hardware we may want to trap these errors. */ #undef JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL /* * The default maximum commit age, in seconds. */ #define JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG /* * Define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING to enable more expensive internal * consistency checks. By default we don't do this unless * CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is on. */ #define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING extern ushort jbd2_journal_enable_debug; void __jbd2_debug(int level, const char *file, const char *func, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) \ __jbd2_debug((n), __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__, (fmt), ##a) #else #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) /**/ #endif extern void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size); #define JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS 1024 #define JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS 256 #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * typedef handle_t - The handle_t type represents a single atomic update being performed by some process. * * All filesystem modifications made by the process go * through this handle. Recursive operations (such as quota operations) * are gathered into a single update. * * The buffer credits field is used to account for journaled buffers * being modified by the running process. To ensure that there is * enough log space for all outstanding operations, we need to limit the * number of outstanding buffers possible at any time. When the * operation completes, any buffer credits not used are credited back to * the transaction, so that at all times we know how many buffers the * outstanding updates on a transaction might possibly touch. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct jbd2_journal_handle handle_t; /* Atomic operation type */ /** * typedef journal_t - The journal_t maintains all of the journaling state information for a single filesystem. * * journal_t is linked to from the fs superblock structure. * * We use the journal_t to keep track of all outstanding transaction * activity on the filesystem, and to manage the state of the log * writing process. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct journal_s journal_t; /* Journal control structure */ #endif /* * Internal structures used by the logging mechanism: */ #define JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER 0xc03b3998U /* The first 4 bytes of /dev/random! */ /* * On-disk structures */ /* * Descriptor block types: */ #define JBD2_DESCRIPTOR_BLOCK 1 #define JBD2_COMMIT_BLOCK 2 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1 3 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2 4 #define JBD2_REVOKE_BLOCK 5 /* * Standard header for all descriptor blocks: */ typedef struct journal_header_s { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; } journal_header_t; /* * Checksum types. */ #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM 1 #define JBD2_MD5_CHKSUM 2 #define JBD2_SHA1_CHKSUM 3 #define JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM 4 #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM_SIZE 4 #define JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES (32 / sizeof(u32)) /* * Commit block header for storing transactional checksums: * * NOTE: If FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM (checksum v1) is set, the h_chksum* * fields are used to store a checksum of the descriptor and data blocks. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 (checksum v2) is set, then the h_chksum * field is used to store crc32c(uuid+commit_block). Each journal metadata * block gets its own checksum, and data block checksums are stored in * journal_block_tag (in the descriptor). The other h_chksum* fields are * not used. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 is set, the descriptor block uses * journal_block_tag3_t to store a full 32-bit checksum. Everything else * is the same as v2. * * Checksum v1, v2, and v3 are mutually exclusive features. */ struct commit_header { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; unsigned char h_chksum_type; unsigned char h_chksum_size; unsigned char h_padding[2]; __be32 h_chksum[JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES]; __be64 h_commit_sec; __be32 h_commit_nsec; }; /* * The block tag: used to describe a single buffer in the journal. * t_blocknr_high is only used if INCOMPAT_64BIT is set, so this * raw struct shouldn't be used for pointer math or sizeof() - use * journal_tag_bytes(journal) instead to compute this. */ typedef struct journal_block_tag3_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be32 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ } journal_block_tag3_t; typedef struct journal_block_tag_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be16 t_checksum; /* truncated crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ __be16 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ } journal_block_tag_t; /* Tail of descriptor or revoke block, for checksumming */ struct jbd2_journal_block_tail { __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+descr_block) */ }; /* * The revoke descriptor: used on disk to describe a series of blocks to * be revoked from the log */ typedef struct jbd2_journal_revoke_header_s { journal_header_t r_header; __be32 r_count; /* Count of bytes used in the block */ } jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t; /* Definitions for the journal tag flags word: */ #define JBD2_FLAG_ESCAPE 1 /* on-disk block is escaped */ #define JBD2_FLAG_SAME_UUID 2 /* block has same uuid as previous */ #define JBD2_FLAG_DELETED 4 /* block deleted by this transaction */ #define JBD2_FLAG_LAST_TAG 8 /* last tag in this descriptor block */ /* * The journal superblock. All fields are in big-endian byte order. */ typedef struct journal_superblock_s { /* 0x0000 */ journal_header_t s_header; /* 0x000C */ /* Static information describing the journal */ __be32 s_blocksize; /* journal device blocksize */ __be32 s_maxlen; /* total blocks in journal file */ __be32 s_first; /* first block of log information */ /* 0x0018 */ /* Dynamic information describing the current state of the log */ __be32 s_sequence; /* first commit ID expected in log */ __be32 s_start; /* blocknr of start of log */ /* 0x0020 */ /* Error value, as set by jbd2_journal_abort(). */ __be32 s_errno; /* 0x0024 */ /* Remaining fields are only valid in a version-2 superblock */ __be32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /* 0x0030 */ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for journal */ /* 0x0040 */ __be32 s_nr_users; /* Nr of filesystems sharing log */ __be32 s_dynsuper; /* Blocknr of dynamic superblock copy*/ /* 0x0048 */ __be32 s_max_transaction; /* Limit of journal blocks per trans.*/ __be32 s_max_trans_data; /* Limit of data blocks per trans. */ /* 0x0050 */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* checksum type */ __u8 s_padding2[3]; /* 0x0054 */ __be32 s_num_fc_blks; /* Number of fast commit blocks */ /* 0x0058 */ __u32 s_padding[41]; __be32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ /* 0x0100 */ __u8 s_users[16*48]; /* ids of all fs'es sharing the log */ /* 0x0400 */ } journal_superblock_t; /* Use the jbd2_{has,set,clear}_feature_* helpers; these will be removed */ #define JBD2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x00000002 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x00000004 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 0x00000008 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 0x00000010 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000020 /* See "journal feature predicate functions" below */ /* Features known to this kernel version: */ #define JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM #define JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES 0 #define JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES (JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> enum jbd_state_bits { BH_JBD /* Has an attached ext3 journal_head */ = BH_PrivateStart, BH_JWrite, /* Being written to log (@@@ DEBUGGING) */ BH_Freed, /* Has been freed (truncated) */ BH_Revoked, /* Has been revoked from the log */ BH_RevokeValid, /* Revoked flag is valid */ BH_JBDDirty, /* Is dirty but journaled */ BH_JournalHead, /* Pins bh->b_private and jh->b_bh */ BH_Shadow, /* IO on shadow buffer is running */ BH_Verified, /* Metadata block has been verified ok */ BH_JBDPrivateStart, /* First bit available for private use by FS */ }; BUFFER_FNS(JBD, jbd) BUFFER_FNS(JWrite, jwrite) BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) BUFFER_FNS(Freed, freed) BUFFER_FNS(Shadow, shadow) BUFFER_FNS(Verified, verified) static inline struct buffer_head *jh2bh(struct journal_head *jh) { return jh->b_bh; } static inline struct journal_head *bh2jh(struct buffer_head *bh) { return bh->b_private; } static inline void jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_lock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } static inline void jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_unlock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } #define J_ASSERT(assert) BUG_ON(!(assert)) #define J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #if defined(JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) #else #define __journal_expect(expr, why...) \ ({ \ int val = (expr); \ if (!val) { \ printk(KERN_ERR \ "JBD2 unexpected failure: %s: %s;\n", \ __func__, #expr); \ printk(KERN_ERR why "\n"); \ } \ val; \ }) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #endif /* Flags in jbd_inode->i_flags */ #define __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING 0 #define __JI_WRITE_DATA 1 #define __JI_WAIT_DATA 2 /* * Commit of the inode data in progress. We use this flag to protect us from * concurrent deletion of inode. We cannot use reference to inode for this * since we cannot afford doing last iput() on behalf of kjournald */ #define JI_COMMIT_RUNNING (1 << __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING) /* Write allocated dirty buffers in this inode before commit */ #define JI_WRITE_DATA (1 << __JI_WRITE_DATA) /* Wait for outstanding data writes for this inode before commit */ #define JI_WAIT_DATA (1 << __JI_WAIT_DATA) /** * struct jbd2_inode - The jbd_inode type is the structure linking inodes in * ordered mode present in a transaction so that we can sync them during commit. */ struct jbd2_inode { /** * @i_transaction: * * Which transaction does this inode belong to? Either the running * transaction or the committing one. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_transaction; /** * @i_next_transaction: * * Pointer to the running transaction modifying inode's data in case * there is already a committing transaction touching it. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_next_transaction; /** * @i_list: List of inodes in the i_transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head i_list; /** * @i_vfs_inode: * * VFS inode this inode belongs to [constant for lifetime of structure] */ struct inode *i_vfs_inode; /** * @i_flags: Flags of inode [j_list_lock] */ unsigned long i_flags; /** * @i_dirty_start: * * Offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode starts. * [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_start; /** * @i_dirty_end: * * Inclusive offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode * ends. [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_end; }; struct jbd2_revoke_table_s; /** * struct jbd2_journal_handle - The jbd2_journal_handle type is the concrete * type associated with handle_t. * @h_transaction: Which compound transaction is this update a part of? * @h_journal: Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set. * @h_rsv_handle: Handle reserved for finishing the logical operation. * @h_total_credits: Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to add to * journal. These are dirty buffers and revoke descriptor blocks. * @h_revoke_credits: Number of remaining revoke records available for handle * @h_ref: Reference count on this handle. * @h_err: Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs operations. * @h_sync: Flag for sync-on-close. * @h_jdata: Flag to force data journaling. * @h_reserved: Flag for handle for reserved credits. * @h_aborted: Flag indicating fatal error on handle. * @h_type: For handle statistics. * @h_line_no: For handle statistics. * @h_start_jiffies: Handle Start time. * @h_requested_credits: Holds @h_total_credits after handle is started. * @h_revoke_credits_requested: Holds @h_revoke_credits after handle is started. * @saved_alloc_context: Saved context while transaction is open. **/ /* Docbook can't yet cope with the bit fields, but will leave the documentation * in so it can be fixed later. */ struct jbd2_journal_handle { union { transaction_t *h_transaction; /* Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set */ journal_t *h_journal; }; handle_t *h_rsv_handle; int h_total_credits; int h_revoke_credits; int h_revoke_credits_requested; int h_ref; int h_err; /* Flags [no locking] */ unsigned int h_sync: 1; unsigned int h_jdata: 1; unsigned int h_reserved: 1; unsigned int h_aborted: 1; unsigned int h_type: 8; unsigned int h_line_no: 16; unsigned long h_start_jiffies; unsigned int h_requested_credits; unsigned int saved_alloc_context; }; /* * Some stats for checkpoint phase */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s { unsigned long cs_chp_time; __u32 cs_forced_to_close; __u32 cs_written; __u32 cs_dropped; }; /* The transaction_t type is the guts of the journaling mechanism. It * tracks a compound transaction through its various states: * * RUNNING: accepting new updates * LOCKED: Updates still running but we don't accept new ones * RUNDOWN: Updates are tidying up but have finished requesting * new buffers to modify (state not used for now) * FLUSH: All updates complete, but we are still writing to disk * COMMIT: All data on disk, writing commit record * FINISHED: We still have to keep the transaction for checkpointing. * * The transaction keeps track of all of the buffers modified by a * running transaction, and all of the buffers committed but not yet * flushed to home for finished transactions. */ /* * Lock ranking: * * j_list_lock * ->jbd_lock_bh_journal_head() (This is "innermost") * * j_state_lock * ->b_state_lock * * b_state_lock * ->j_list_lock * * j_state_lock * ->t_handle_lock * * j_state_lock * ->j_list_lock (journal_unmap_buffer) * */ struct transaction_s { /* Pointer to the journal for this transaction. [no locking] */ journal_t *t_journal; /* Sequence number for this transaction [no locking] */ tid_t t_tid; /* * Transaction's current state * [no locking - only kjournald2 alters this] * [j_list_lock] guards transition of a transaction into T_FINISHED * state and subsequent call of __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction() * FIXME: needs barriers * KLUDGE: [use j_state_lock] */ enum { T_RUNNING, T_LOCKED, T_SWITCH, T_FLUSH, T_COMMIT, T_COMMIT_DFLUSH, T_COMMIT_JFLUSH, T_COMMIT_CALLBACK, T_FINISHED } t_state; /* * Where in the log does this transaction's commit start? [no locking] */ unsigned long t_log_start; /* Number of buffers on the t_buffers list [j_list_lock] */ int t_nr_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers reserved but not yet * modified by this transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_reserved_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all metadata buffers owned by this * transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all forget buffers (superseded * buffers which we can un-checkpoint once this transaction commits) * [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_forget; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers still to be flushed before * this transaction can be checkpointed. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers submitted for IO while * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_io_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of metadata buffers being shadowed by log * IO. The IO buffers on the iobuf list and the shadow buffers on this * list match each other one for one at all times. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_shadow_list; /* * List of inodes associated with the transaction; e.g., ext4 uses * this to track inodes in data=ordered and data=journal mode that * need special handling on transaction commit; also used by ocfs2. * [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head t_inode_list; /* * Protects info related to handles */ spinlock_t t_handle_lock; /* * Longest time some handle had to wait for running transaction */ unsigned long t_max_wait; /* * When transaction started */ unsigned long t_start; /* * When commit was requested */ unsigned long t_requested; /* * Checkpointing stats [j_checkpoint_sem] */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s t_chp_stats; /* * Number of outstanding updates running on this transaction * [none] */ atomic_t t_updates; /* * Number of blocks reserved for this transaction in the journal. * This is including all credits reserved when starting transaction * handles as well as all journal descriptor blocks needed for this * transaction. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_credits; /* * Number of revoke records for this transaction added by already * stopped handles. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_revokes; /* * How many handles used this transaction? [none] */ atomic_t t_handle_count; /* * Forward and backward links for the circular list of all transactions * awaiting checkpoint. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *t_cpnext, *t_cpprev; /* * When will the transaction expire (become due for commit), in jiffies? * [no locking] */ unsigned long t_expires; /* * When this transaction started, in nanoseconds [no locking] */ ktime_t t_start_time; /* * This transaction is being forced and some process is * waiting for it to finish. */ unsigned int t_synchronous_commit:1; /* Disk flush needs to be sent to fs partition [no locking] */ int t_need_data_flush; /* * For use by the filesystem to store fs-specific data * structures associated with the transaction */ struct list_head t_private_list; }; struct transaction_run_stats_s { unsigned long rs_wait; unsigned long rs_request_delay; unsigned long rs_running; unsigned long rs_locked; unsigned long rs_flushing; unsigned long rs_logging; __u32 rs_handle_count; __u32 rs_blocks; __u32 rs_blocks_logged; }; struct transaction_stats_s { unsigned long ts_tid; unsigned long ts_requested; struct transaction_run_stats_s run; }; static inline unsigned long jbd2_time_diff(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >= start) return end - start; return end + (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET - start); } #define JBD2_NR_BATCH 64 enum passtype {PASS_SCAN, PASS_REVOKE, PASS_REPLAY}; #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP 0 #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE 1 /** * struct journal_s - The journal_s type is the concrete type associated with * journal_t. */ struct journal_s { /** * @j_flags: General journaling state flags [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_flags; /** * @j_errno: * * Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a prior * abort)? [j_state_lock] */ int j_errno; /** * @j_abort_mutex: Lock the whole aborting procedure. */ struct mutex j_abort_mutex; /** * @j_sb_buffer: The first part of the superblock buffer. */ struct buffer_head *j_sb_buffer; /** * @j_superblock: The second part of the superblock buffer. */ journal_superblock_t *j_superblock; /** * @j_format_version: Version of the superblock format. */ int j_format_version; /** * @j_state_lock: Protect the various scalars in the journal. */ rwlock_t j_state_lock; /** * @j_barrier_count: * * Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock [j_state_lock] */ int j_barrier_count; /** * @j_barrier: The barrier lock itself. */ struct mutex j_barrier; /** * @j_running_transaction: * * Transactions: The current running transaction... * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_running_transaction; /** * @j_committing_transaction: * * the transaction we are pushing to disk * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_committing_transaction; /** * @j_checkpoint_transactions: * * ... and a linked circular list of all transactions waiting for * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *j_checkpoint_transactions; /** * @j_wait_transaction_locked: * * Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction to start committing, * or for a barrier lock to be released. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_transaction_locked; /** * @j_wait_done_commit: Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_done_commit; /** * @j_wait_commit: Wait queue to trigger commit. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_commit; /** * @j_wait_updates: Wait queue to wait for updates to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_updates; /** * @j_wait_reserved: * * Wait queue to wait for reserved buffer credits to drop. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_reserved; /** * @j_fc_wait: * * Wait queue to wait for completion of async fast commits. */ wait_queue_head_t j_fc_wait; /** * @j_checkpoint_mutex: * * Semaphore for locking against concurrent checkpoints. */ struct mutex j_checkpoint_mutex; /** * @j_chkpt_bhs: * * List of buffer heads used by the checkpoint routine. This * was moved from jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() to reduce stack * usage. Access to this array is controlled by the * @j_checkpoint_mutex. [j_checkpoint_mutex] */ struct buffer_head *j_chkpt_bhs[JBD2_NR_BATCH]; /** * @j_head: * * Journal head: identifies the first unused block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_head; /** * @j_tail: * * Journal tail: identifies the oldest still-used block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_tail; /** * @j_free: * * Journal free: how many free blocks are there in the journal? * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_free; /** * @j_first: * * The block number of the first usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_first; /** * @j_last: * * The block number one beyond the last usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_last; /** * @j_fc_first: * * The block number of the first fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_first; /** * @j_fc_off: * * Number of fast commit blocks currently allocated. Accessed only * during fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ unsigned long j_fc_off; /** * @j_fc_last: * * The block number one beyond the last fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_last; /** * @j_dev: Device where we store the journal. */ struct block_device *j_dev; /** * @j_blocksize: Block size for the location where we store the journal. */ int j_blocksize; /** * @j_blk_offset: * * Starting block offset into the device where we store the journal. */ unsigned long long j_blk_offset; /** * @j_devname: Journal device name. */ char j_devname[BDEVNAME_SIZE+24]; /** * @j_fs_dev: * * Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will be * equal to j_dev. */ struct block_device *j_fs_dev; /** * @j_total_len: Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk. */ unsigned int j_total_len; /** * @j_reserved_credits: * * Number of buffers reserved from the running transaction. */ atomic_t j_reserved_credits; /** * @j_list_lock: Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state. */ spinlock_t j_list_lock; /** * @j_inode: * * Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all * journal block numbers are mapped into this inode via bmap(). */ struct inode *j_inode; /** * @j_tail_sequence: * * Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_tail_sequence; /** * @j_transaction_sequence: * * Sequence number of the next transaction to grant [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_transaction_sequence; /** * @j_commit_sequence: * * Sequence number of the most recently committed transaction * [j_state_lock]. */ tid_t j_commit_sequence; /** * @j_commit_request: * * Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting commit * [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_commit_request; /** * @j_uuid: * * Journal uuid: identifies the object (filesystem, LVM volume etc) * backed by this journal. This will eventually be replaced by an array * of uuids, allowing us to index multiple devices within a single * journal and to perform atomic updates across them. */ __u8 j_uuid[16]; /** * @j_task: Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal. */ struct task_struct *j_task; /** * @j_max_transaction_buffers: * * Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a single compound * commit transaction. */ int j_max_transaction_buffers; /** * @j_revoke_records_per_block: * * Number of revoke records that fit in one descriptor block. */ int j_revoke_records_per_block; /** * @j_commit_interval: * * What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin a commit? */ unsigned long j_commit_interval; /** * @j_commit_timer: The timer used to wakeup the commit thread. */ struct timer_list j_commit_timer; /** * @j_revoke_lock: Protect the revoke table. */ spinlock_t j_revoke_lock; /** * @j_revoke: * * The revoke table - maintains the list of revoked blocks in the * current transaction. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke; /** * @j_revoke_table: Alternate revoke tables for j_revoke. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke_table[2]; /** * @j_wbuf: Array of bhs for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction. */ struct buffer_head **j_wbuf; /** * @j_fc_wbuf: Array of fast commit bhs for fast commit. Accessed only * during a fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ struct buffer_head **j_fc_wbuf; /** * @j_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_wbuf array. */ int j_wbufsize; /** * @j_fc_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_fc_wbuf array. */ int j_fc_wbufsize; /** * @j_last_sync_writer: * * The pid of the last person to run a synchronous operation * through the journal. */ pid_t j_last_sync_writer; /** * @j_average_commit_time: * * The average amount of time in nanoseconds it takes to commit a * transaction to disk. [j_state_lock] */ u64 j_average_commit_time; /** * @j_min_batch_time: * * Minimum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_min_batch_time; /** * @j_max_batch_time: * * Maximum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_max_batch_time; /** * @j_commit_callback: * * This function is called when a transaction is closed. */ void (*j_commit_callback)(journal_t *, transaction_t *); /** * @j_submit_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WRITE_DATA flag * before we start to write out the transaction to the journal. */ int (*j_submit_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /** * @j_finish_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WAIT_DATA flag * after we have written the transaction to the journal * but before we write out the commit block. */ int (*j_finish_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /* * Journal statistics */ /** * @j_history_lock: Protect the transactions statistics history. */ spinlock_t j_history_lock; /** * @j_proc_entry: procfs entry for the jbd statistics directory. */ struct proc_dir_entry *j_proc_entry; /** * @j_stats: Overall statistics. */ struct transaction_stats_s j_stats; /** * @j_failed_commit: Failed journal commit ID. */ unsigned int j_failed_commit; /** * @j_private: * * An opaque pointer to fs-private information. ext3 puts its * superblock pointer here. */ void *j_private; /** * @j_chksum_driver: * * Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi. */ struct crypto_shash *j_chksum_driver; /** * @j_csum_seed: * * Precomputed journal UUID checksum for seeding other checksums. */ __u32 j_csum_seed; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /** * @j_trans_commit_map: * * Lockdep entity to track transaction commit dependencies. Handles * hold this "lock" for read, when we wait for commit, we acquire the * "lock" for writing. This matches the properties of jbd2 journalling * where the running transaction has to wait for all handles to be * dropped to commit that transaction and also acquiring a handle may * require transaction commit to finish. */ struct lockdep_map j_trans_commit_map; #endif /** * @j_fc_cleanup_callback: * * Clean-up after fast commit or full commit. JBD2 calls this function * after every commit operation. */ void (*j_fc_cleanup_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, int); /** * @j_fc_replay_callback: * * File-system specific function that performs replay of a fast * commit. JBD2 calls this function for each fast commit block found in * the journal. This function should return JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE * to indicate that the block was processed correctly and more fast * commit replay should continue. Return value of JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP * indicates the end of replay (no more blocks remaining). A negative * return value indicates error. */ int (*j_fc_replay_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, enum passtype pass, int off, tid_t expected_commit_id); }; #define jbd2_might_wait_for_commit(j) \ do { \ rwsem_acquire(&j->j_trans_commit_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_); \ rwsem_release(&j->j_trans_commit_map, _THIS_IP_); \ } while (0) /* journal feature predicate functions */ #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(checksum, CHECKSUM) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(revoke, REVOKE) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(async_commit, ASYNC_COMMIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum2, CSUM_V2) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum3, CSUM_V3) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) /* * Journal flag definitions */ #define JBD2_UNMOUNT 0x001 /* Journal thread is being destroyed */ #define JBD2_ABORT 0x002 /* Journaling has been aborted for errors. */ #define JBD2_ACK_ERR 0x004 /* The errno in the sb has been acked */ #define JBD2_FLUSHED 0x008 /* The journal superblock has been flushed */ #define JBD2_LOADED 0x010 /* The journal superblock has been loaded */ #define JBD2_BARRIER 0x020 /* Use IDE barriers */ #define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR 0x040 /* Abort the journal on file * data write error in ordered * mode */ #define JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x100 /* Fast commit is ongoing */ #define JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x200 /* Full commit is ongoing */ /* * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer * management */ /* Filing buffers */ extern void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern bool __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_free_buffer(struct journal_head *bh); extern void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_clean_data_list(transaction_t *transaction); static inline void jbd2_file_log_bh(struct list_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh) { list_add_tail(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, head); } static inline void jbd2_unfile_log_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); } /* Log buffer allocation */ struct buffer_head *jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(transaction_t *, int); void jbd2_descriptor_block_csum_set(journal_t *, struct buffer_head *); int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *, unsigned long long *); int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid, unsigned long *block); int __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); /* Commit management */ extern void jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *); /* Checkpoint list management */ void __jbd2_journal_clean_checkpoint_list(journal_t *journal, bool destroy); int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *); void jbd2_journal_destroy_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); void __jbd2_journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *); /* * Triggers */ struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type { /* * Fired a the moment data to write to the journal are known to be * stable - so either at the moment b_frozen_data is created or just * before a buffer is written to the journal. mapped_data is a mapped * buffer that is the frozen data for commit. */ void (*t_frozen)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh, void *mapped_data, size_t size); /* * Fired during journal abort for dirty buffers that will not be * committed. */ void (*t_abort)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh); }; extern void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, void *mapped_data, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); extern void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); /* Buffer IO */ extern int jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, struct journal_head *jh_in, struct buffer_head **bh_out, sector_t blocknr); /* Transaction locking */ extern void __wait_on_journal (journal_t *); /* Transaction cache support */ extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *); /* * Journal locking. * * We need to lock the journal during transaction state changes so that nobody * ever tries to take a handle on the running transaction while we are in the * middle of moving it to the commit phase. j_state_lock does this. * * Note that the locking is completely interrupt unsafe. We never touch * journal structures from interrupts. */ static inline handle_t *journal_current_handle(void) { return current->journal_info; } /* The journaling code user interface: * * Create and destroy handles * Register buffer modifications against the current transaction. */ extern handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks); extern handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks); extern int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern void jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle_t *handle); extern int jbd2_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke_records); extern int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_create_access (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type); extern int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal, struct page *page); extern int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_flush (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_lock_updates (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int bsize); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode (struct inode *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_format (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_check_used_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_check_available_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_set_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_load (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_destroy (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_recover (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_wipe (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_skip_recovery (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail (journal_t *, tid_t, unsigned long, int); extern void jbd2_journal_abort (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_errno (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_ack_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_clear_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long long *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t new_size); extern void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode); extern void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); /* * journal_head management */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh); /* * handle management */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache; static inline handle_t *jbd2_alloc_handle(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_handle_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_handle(handle_t *handle) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_handle_cache, handle); } /* * jbd2_inode management (optional, for those file systems that want to use * dynamically allocated jbd2_inode structures) */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_inode_cache; static inline struct jbd2_inode *jbd2_alloc_inode(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_inode_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_inode_cache, jinode); } /* Primary revoke support */ #define JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH 256 extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal_t *, int); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_record_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_table_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_record_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_table_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_revoke (handle_t *, unsigned long long, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_write_revoke_records(transaction_t *transaction, struct list_head *log_bufs); /* Recovery revoke support */ extern int jbd2_journal_set_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern int jbd2_journal_test_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_revoke(journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_switch_revoke_table(journal_t *journal); extern void jbd2_clear_buffer_revoked_flags(journal_t *journal); /* * The log thread user interface: * * Request space in the current transaction, and force transaction commit * transitions on demand. */ int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid); int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_transaction_committed(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_complete_transaction(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); void __jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal_t *journal); extern void __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction(journal_t *, transaction_t *); extern int jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *); /* Fast commit related APIs */ int jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_get_buf(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head **bh_out); int jbd2_submit_inode_data(struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_wait_inode_data(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal_t *journal, int num_blks); int jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal_t *journal); static inline int jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal_t *journal) { return (journal->j_total_len - journal->j_fc_wbufsize) / 4; } /* * is_journal_abort * * Simple test wrapper function to test the JBD2_ABORT state flag. This * bit, when set, indicates that we have had a fatal error somewhere, * either inside the journaling layer or indicated to us by the client * (eg. ext3), and that we and should not commit any further * transactions. */ static inline int is_journal_aborted(journal_t *journal) { return journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT; } static inline int is_handle_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (handle->h_aborted || !handle->h_transaction) return 1; return is_journal_aborted(handle->h_transaction->t_journal); } static inline void jbd2_journal_abort_handle(handle_t *handle) { handle->h_aborted = 1; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /* Comparison functions for transaction IDs: perform comparisons using * modulo arithmetic so that they work over sequence number wraps. */ static inline int tid_gt(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference > 0); } static inline int tid_geq(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference >= 0); } extern int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); extern size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal); static inline bool jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal_t *j) { return jbd2_has_feature_csum2(j) || jbd2_has_feature_csum3(j); } static inline int jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal_t *journal) { WARN_ON_ONCE(jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal) && journal->j_chksum_driver == NULL); return journal->j_chksum_driver != NULL; } /* * Return number of free blocks in the log. Must be called under j_state_lock. */ static inline unsigned long jbd2_log_space_left(journal_t *journal) { /* Allow for rounding errors */ long free = journal->j_free - 32; if (journal->j_committing_transaction) { free -= atomic_read(&journal-> j_committing_transaction->t_outstanding_credits); } return max_t(long, free, 0); } /* * Definitions which augment the buffer_head layer */ /* journaling buffer types */ #define BJ_None 0 /* Not journaled */ #define BJ_Metadata 1 /* Normal journaled metadata */ #define BJ_Forget 2 /* Buffer superseded by this transaction */ #define BJ_Shadow 3 /* Buffer contents being shadowed to the log */ #define BJ_Reserved 4 /* Buffer is reserved for access by journal */ #define BJ_Types 5 extern int jbd_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); /* JBD uses a CRC32 checksum */ #define JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE 4 static inline u32 jbd2_chksum(journal_t *journal, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE]; } desc; int err; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(journal->j_chksum_driver) > JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE); desc.shash.tfm = journal->j_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length); BUG_ON(err); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } /* Return most recent uncommitted transaction */ static inline tid_t jbd2_get_latest_transaction(journal_t *journal) { tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); tid = journal->j_commit_request; if (journal->j_running_transaction) tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return tid; } static inline int jbd2_handle_buffer_credits(handle_t *handle) { journal_t *journal; if (!handle->h_reserved) journal = handle->h_transaction->t_journal; else journal = handle->h_journal; return handle->h_total_credits - DIV_ROUND_UP(handle->h_revoke_credits_requested, journal->j_revoke_records_per_block); } #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define buffer_trace_init(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_fields(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_trace(bh) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE(bh, info) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE2(bh, bh2, info) do {} while (0) #define JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, info) do {} while (0) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _LINUX_JBD2_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #define _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #define unsafe_atomic_op1(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret; \ asm volatile("1:\t" insn "\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov\t%3, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "=r" (oldval), "=r" (ret), "+m" (*uaddr) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (oparg), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) #define unsafe_atomic_op2(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret, tem; \ asm volatile("1:\tmovl %2, %0\n" \ "2:\tmovl\t%0, %3\n" \ "\t" insn "\n" \ "3:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %3, %2\n" \ "\tjnz\t2b\n" \ "4:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "5:\tmov\t%5, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t4b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 5b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(3b, 5b) \ : "=&a" (oldval), "=&r" (ret), \ "+m" (*uaddr), "=&r" (tem) \ : "r" (oparg), "i" (-EFAULT), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) static __always_inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval, u32 __user *uaddr) { if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; switch (op) { case FUTEX_OP_SET: unsafe_atomic_op1("xchgl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ADD: unsafe_atomic_op1(LOCK_PREFIX "xaddl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_OR: unsafe_atomic_op2("orl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ANDN: unsafe_atomic_op2("andl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, ~oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_XOR: unsafe_atomic_op2("xorl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; default: user_access_end(); return -ENOSYS; } user_access_end(); return 0; Efault: user_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } static inline int futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 oldval, u32 newval) { int ret = 0; if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; asm volatile("\n" "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" "2:\n" "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" "\tjmp 2b\n" "\t.previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) : "+r" (ret), "=a" (oldval), "+m" (*uaddr) : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (newval), "1" (oldval) : "memory" ); user_access_end(); *uval = oldval; return ret; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H */
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2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * Thanks to Ben LaHaise for precious feedback. */ #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/pci.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/libnvdimm.h> #include <asm/e820/api.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/setup.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <asm/proto.h> #include <asm/memtype.h> #include <asm/set_memory.h> #include "../mm_internal.h" /* * The current flushing context - we pass it instead of 5 arguments: */ struct cpa_data { unsigned long *vaddr; pgd_t *pgd; pgprot_t mask_set; pgprot_t mask_clr; unsigned long numpages; unsigned long curpage; unsigned long pfn; unsigned int flags; unsigned int force_split : 1, force_static_prot : 1, force_flush_all : 1; struct page **pages; }; enum cpa_warn { CPA_CONFLICT, CPA_PROTECT, CPA_DETECT, }; static const int cpa_warn_level = CPA_PROTECT; /* * Serialize cpa() (for !DEBUG_PAGEALLOC which uses large identity mappings) * using cpa_lock. So that we don't allow any other cpu, with stale large tlb * entries change the page attribute in parallel to some other cpu * splitting a large page entry along with changing the attribute. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cpa_lock); #define CPA_FLUSHTLB 1 #define CPA_ARRAY 2 #define CPA_PAGES_ARRAY 4 #define CPA_NO_CHECK_ALIAS 8 /* Do not search for aliases */ static inline pgprot_t cachemode2pgprot(enum page_cache_mode pcm) { return __pgprot(cachemode2protval(pcm)); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static unsigned long direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_NUM]; void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { /* Protect against CPA */ spin_lock(&pgd_lock); direct_pages_count[level] += pages; spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); } static void split_page_count(int level) { if (direct_pages_count[level] == 0) return; direct_pages_count[level]--; direct_pages_count[level - 1] += PTRS_PER_PTE; } void arch_report_meminfo(struct seq_file *m) { seq_printf(m, "DirectMap4k: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_4K] << 2); #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) seq_printf(m, "DirectMap2M: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_2M] << 11); #else seq_printf(m, "DirectMap4M: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_2M] << 12); #endif if (direct_gbpages) seq_printf(m, "DirectMap1G: %8lu kB\n", direct_pages_count[PG_LEVEL_1G] << 20); } #else static inline void split_page_count(int level) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CPA_STATISTICS static unsigned long cpa_1g_checked; static unsigned long cpa_1g_sameprot; static unsigned long cpa_1g_preserved; static unsigned long cpa_2m_checked; static unsigned long cpa_2m_sameprot; static unsigned long cpa_2m_preserved; static unsigned long cpa_4k_install; static inline void cpa_inc_1g_checked(void) { cpa_1g_checked++; } static inline void cpa_inc_2m_checked(void) { cpa_2m_checked++; } static inline void cpa_inc_4k_install(void) { data_race(cpa_4k_install++); } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_sameprot(int level) { if (level == PG_LEVEL_1G) cpa_1g_sameprot++; else cpa_2m_sameprot++; } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_preserved(int level) { if (level == PG_LEVEL_1G) cpa_1g_preserved++; else cpa_2m_preserved++; } static int cpastats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p) { seq_printf(m, "1G pages checked: %16lu\n", cpa_1g_checked); seq_printf(m, "1G pages sameprot: %16lu\n", cpa_1g_sameprot); seq_printf(m, "1G pages preserved: %16lu\n", cpa_1g_preserved); seq_printf(m, "2M pages checked: %16lu\n", cpa_2m_checked); seq_printf(m, "2M pages sameprot: %16lu\n", cpa_2m_sameprot); seq_printf(m, "2M pages preserved: %16lu\n", cpa_2m_preserved); seq_printf(m, "4K pages set-checked: %16lu\n", cpa_4k_install); return 0; } static int cpastats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return single_open(file, cpastats_show, NULL); } static const struct file_operations cpastats_fops = { .open = cpastats_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = single_release, }; static int __init cpa_stats_init(void) { debugfs_create_file("cpa_stats", S_IRUSR, arch_debugfs_dir, NULL, &cpastats_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(cpa_stats_init); #else static inline void cpa_inc_1g_checked(void) { } static inline void cpa_inc_2m_checked(void) { } static inline void cpa_inc_4k_install(void) { } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_sameprot(int level) { } static inline void cpa_inc_lp_preserved(int level) { } #endif static inline int within(unsigned long addr, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return addr >= start && addr < end; } static inline int within_inclusive(unsigned long addr, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return addr >= start && addr <= end; } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline unsigned long highmap_start_pfn(void) { return __pa_symbol(_text) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long highmap_end_pfn(void) { /* Do not reference physical address outside the kernel. */ return __pa_symbol(roundup(_brk_end, PMD_SIZE) - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static bool __cpa_pfn_in_highmap(unsigned long pfn) { /* * Kernel text has an alias mapping at a high address, known * here as "highmap". */ return within_inclusive(pfn, highmap_start_pfn(), highmap_end_pfn()); } #else static bool __cpa_pfn_in_highmap(unsigned long pfn) { /* There is no highmap on 32-bit */ return false; } #endif /* * See set_mce_nospec(). * * Machine check recovery code needs to change cache mode of poisoned pages to * UC to avoid speculative access logging another error. But passing the * address of the 1:1 mapping to set_memory_uc() is a fine way to encourage a * speculative access. So we cheat and flip the top bit of the address. This * works fine for the code that updates the page tables. But at the end of the * process we need to flush the TLB and cache and the non-canonical address * causes a #GP fault when used by the INVLPG and CLFLUSH instructions. * * But in the common case we already have a canonical address. This code * will fix the top bit if needed and is a no-op otherwise. */ static inline unsigned long fix_addr(unsigned long addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 return (long)(addr << 1) >> 1; #else return addr; #endif } static unsigned long __cpa_addr(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long idx) { if (cpa->flags & CPA_PAGES_ARRAY) { struct page *page = cpa->pages[idx]; if (unlikely(PageHighMem(page))) return 0; return (unsigned long)page_address(page); } if (cpa->flags & CPA_ARRAY) return cpa->vaddr[idx]; return *cpa->vaddr + idx * PAGE_SIZE; } /* * Flushing functions */ static void clflush_cache_range_opt(void *vaddr, unsigned int size) { const unsigned long clflush_size = boot_cpu_data.x86_clflush_size; void *p = (void *)((unsigned long)vaddr & ~(clflush_size - 1)); void *vend = vaddr + size; if (p >= vend) return; for (; p < vend; p += clflush_size) clflushopt(p); } /** * clflush_cache_range - flush a cache range with clflush * @vaddr: virtual start address * @size: number of bytes to flush * * CLFLUSHOPT is an unordered instruction which needs fencing with MFENCE or * SFENCE to avoid ordering issues. */ void clflush_cache_range(void *vaddr, unsigned int size) { mb(); clflush_cache_range_opt(vaddr, size); mb(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clflush_cache_range); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API void arch_invalidate_pmem(void *addr, size_t size) { clflush_cache_range(addr, size); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_invalidate_pmem); #endif static void __cpa_flush_all(void *arg) { unsigned long cache = (unsigned long)arg; /* * Flush all to work around Errata in early athlons regarding * large page flushing. */ __flush_tlb_all(); if (cache && boot_cpu_data.x86 >= 4) wbinvd(); } static void cpa_flush_all(unsigned long cache) { BUG_ON(irqs_disabled() && !early_boot_irqs_disabled); on_each_cpu(__cpa_flush_all, (void *) cache, 1); } static void __cpa_flush_tlb(void *data) { struct cpa_data *cpa = data; unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < cpa->numpages; i++) flush_tlb_one_kernel(fix_addr(__cpa_addr(cpa, i))); } static void cpa_flush(struct cpa_data *data, int cache) { struct cpa_data *cpa = data; unsigned int i; BUG_ON(irqs_disabled() && !early_boot_irqs_disabled); if (cache && !static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSH)) { cpa_flush_all(cache); return; } if (cpa->force_flush_all || cpa->numpages > tlb_single_page_flush_ceiling) flush_tlb_all(); else on_each_cpu(__cpa_flush_tlb, cpa, 1); if (!cache) return; mb(); for (i = 0; i < cpa->numpages; i++) { unsigned long addr = __cpa_addr(cpa, i); unsigned int level; pte_t *pte = lookup_address(addr, &level); /* * Only flush present addresses: */ if (pte && (pte_val(*pte) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) clflush_cache_range_opt((void *)fix_addr(addr), PAGE_SIZE); } mb(); } static bool overlaps(unsigned long r1_start, unsigned long r1_end, unsigned long r2_start, unsigned long r2_end) { return (r1_start <= r2_end && r1_end >= r2_start) || (r2_start <= r1_end && r2_end >= r1_start); } #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_BIOS /* * The BIOS area between 640k and 1Mb needs to be executable for PCI BIOS * based config access (CONFIG_PCI_GOBIOS) support. */ #define BIOS_PFN PFN_DOWN(BIOS_BEGIN) #define BIOS_PFN_END PFN_DOWN(BIOS_END - 1) static pgprotval_t protect_pci_bios(unsigned long spfn, unsigned long epfn) { if (pcibios_enabled && overlaps(spfn, epfn, BIOS_PFN, BIOS_PFN_END)) return _PAGE_NX; return 0; } #else static pgprotval_t protect_pci_bios(unsigned long spfn, unsigned long epfn) { return 0; } #endif /* * The .rodata section needs to be read-only. Using the pfn catches all * aliases. This also includes __ro_after_init, so do not enforce until * kernel_set_to_readonly is true. */ static pgprotval_t protect_rodata(unsigned long spfn, unsigned long epfn) { unsigned long epfn_ro, spfn_ro = PFN_DOWN(__pa_symbol(__start_rodata)); /* * Note: __end_rodata is at page aligned and not inclusive, so * subtract 1 to get the last enforced PFN in the rodata area. */ epfn_ro = PFN_DOWN(__pa_symbol(__end_rodata)) - 1; if (kernel_set_to_readonly && overlaps(spfn, epfn, spfn_ro, epfn_ro)) return _PAGE_RW; return 0; } /* * Protect kernel text against becoming non executable by forbidding * _PAGE_NX. This protects only the high kernel mapping (_text -> _etext) * out of which the kernel actually executes. Do not protect the low * mapping. * * This does not cover __inittext since that is gone after boot. */ static pgprotval_t protect_kernel_text(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long t_end = (unsigned long)_etext - 1; unsigned long t_start = (unsigned long)_text; if (overlaps(start, end, t_start, t_end)) return _PAGE_NX; return 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) /* * Once the kernel maps the text as RO (kernel_set_to_readonly is set), * kernel text mappings for the large page aligned text, rodata sections * will be always read-only. For the kernel identity mappings covering the * holes caused by this alignment can be anything that user asks. * * This will preserve the large page mappings for kernel text/data at no * extra cost. */ static pgprotval_t protect_kernel_text_ro(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long t_end = (unsigned long)__end_rodata_hpage_align - 1; unsigned long t_start = (unsigned long)_text; unsigned int level; if (!kernel_set_to_readonly || !overlaps(start, end, t_start, t_end)) return 0; /* * Don't enforce the !RW mapping for the kernel text mapping, if * the current mapping is already using small page mapping. No * need to work hard to preserve large page mappings in this case. * * This also fixes the Linux Xen paravirt guest boot failure caused * by unexpected read-only mappings for kernel identity * mappings. In this paravirt guest case, the kernel text mapping * and the kernel identity mapping share the same page-table pages, * so the protections for kernel text and identity mappings have to * be the same. */ if (lookup_address(start, &level) && (level != PG_LEVEL_4K)) return _PAGE_RW; return 0; } #else static pgprotval_t protect_kernel_text_ro(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return 0; } #endif static inline bool conflicts(pgprot_t prot, pgprotval_t val) { return (pgprot_val(prot) & ~val) != pgprot_val(prot); } static inline void check_conflict(int warnlvl, pgprot_t prot, pgprotval_t val, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, const char *txt) { static const char *lvltxt[] = { [CPA_CONFLICT] = "conflict", [CPA_PROTECT] = "protect", [CPA_DETECT] = "detect", }; if (warnlvl > cpa_warn_level || !conflicts(prot, val)) return; pr_warn("CPA %8s %10s: 0x%016lx - 0x%016lx PFN %lx req %016llx prevent %016llx\n", lvltxt[warnlvl], txt, start, end, pfn, (unsigned long long)pgprot_val(prot), (unsigned long long)val); } /* * Certain areas of memory on x86 require very specific protection flags, * for example the BIOS area or kernel text. Callers don't always get this * right (again, ioremap() on BIOS memory is not uncommon) so this function * checks and fixes these known static required protection bits. */ static inline pgprot_t static_protections(pgprot_t prot, unsigned long start, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long npg, unsigned long lpsize, int warnlvl) { pgprotval_t forbidden, res; unsigned long end; /* * There is no point in checking RW/NX conflicts when the requested * mapping is setting the page !PRESENT. */ if (!(pgprot_val(prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) return prot; /* Operate on the virtual address */ end = start + npg * PAGE_SIZE - 1; res = protect_kernel_text(start, end); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "Text NX"); forbidden = res; /* * Special case to preserve a large page. If the change spawns the * full large page mapping then there is no point to split it * up. Happens with ftrace and is going to be removed once ftrace * switched to text_poke(). */ if (lpsize != (npg * PAGE_SIZE) || (start & (lpsize - 1))) { res = protect_kernel_text_ro(start, end); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "Text RO"); forbidden |= res; } /* Check the PFN directly */ res = protect_pci_bios(pfn, pfn + npg - 1); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "PCIBIOS NX"); forbidden |= res; res = protect_rodata(pfn, pfn + npg - 1); check_conflict(warnlvl, prot, res, start, end, pfn, "Rodata RO"); forbidden |= res; return __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) & ~forbidden); } /* * Lookup the page table entry for a virtual address in a specific pgd. * Return a pointer to the entry and the level of the mapping. */ pte_t *lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; *level = PG_LEVEL_NONE; if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return NULL; *level = PG_LEVEL_512G; if (p4d_large(*p4d) || !p4d_present(*p4d)) return (pte_t *)p4d; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud)) return NULL; *level = PG_LEVEL_1G; if (pud_large(*pud) || !pud_present(*pud)) return (pte_t *)pud; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (pmd_none(*pmd)) return NULL; *level = PG_LEVEL_2M; if (pmd_large(*pmd) || !pmd_present(*pmd)) return (pte_t *)pmd; *level = PG_LEVEL_4K; return pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); } /* * Lookup the page table entry for a virtual address. Return a pointer * to the entry and the level of the mapping. * * Note: We return pud and pmd either when the entry is marked large * or when the present bit is not set. Otherwise we would return a * pointer to a nonexisting mapping. */ pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { return lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_offset_k(address), address, level); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lookup_address); /* * Lookup the page table entry for a virtual address in a given mm. Return a * pointer to the entry and the level of the mapping. */ pte_t *lookup_address_in_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { return lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_offset(mm, address), address, level); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lookup_address_in_mm); static pte_t *_lookup_address_cpa(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level) { if (cpa->pgd) return lookup_address_in_pgd(cpa->pgd + pgd_index(address), address, level); return lookup_address(address, level); } /* * Lookup the PMD entry for a virtual address. Return a pointer to the entry * or NULL if not present. */ pmd_t *lookup_pmd_address(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pgd = pgd_offset_k(address); if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || p4d_large(*p4d) || !p4d_present(*p4d)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_large(*pud) || !pud_present(*pud)) return NULL; return pmd_offset(pud, address); } /* * This is necessary because __pa() does not work on some * kinds of memory, like vmalloc() or the alloc_remap() * areas on 32-bit NUMA systems. The percpu areas can * end up in this kind of memory, for instance. * * This could be optimized, but it is only intended to be * used at inititalization time, and keeping it * unoptimized should increase the testing coverage for * the more obscure platforms. */ phys_addr_t slow_virt_to_phys(void *__virt_addr) { unsigned long virt_addr = (unsigned long)__virt_addr; phys_addr_t phys_addr; unsigned long offset; enum pg_level level; pte_t *pte; pte = lookup_address(virt_addr, &level); BUG_ON(!pte); /* * pXX_pfn() returns unsigned long, which must be cast to phys_addr_t * before being left-shifted PAGE_SHIFT bits -- this trick is to * make 32-PAE kernel work correctly. */ switch (level) { case PG_LEVEL_1G: phys_addr = (phys_addr_t)pud_pfn(*(pud_t *)pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; offset = virt_addr & ~PUD_PAGE_MASK; break; case PG_LEVEL_2M: phys_addr = (phys_addr_t)pmd_pfn(*(pmd_t *)pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; offset = virt_addr & ~PMD_PAGE_MASK; break; default: phys_addr = (phys_addr_t)pte_pfn(*pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; offset = virt_addr & ~PAGE_MASK; } return (phys_addr_t)(phys_addr | offset); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(slow_virt_to_phys); /* * Set the new pmd in all the pgds we know about: */ static void __set_pmd_pte(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t pte) { /* change init_mm */ set_pte_atomic(kpte, pte); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 if (!SHARED_KERNEL_PMD) { struct page *page; list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = (pgd_t *)page_address(page) + pgd_index(address); p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); set_pte_atomic((pte_t *)pmd, pte); } } #endif } static pgprot_t pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(pgprot_t prot) { /* * _PAGE_GLOBAL means "global page" for present PTEs. * But, it is also used to indicate _PAGE_PROTNONE * for non-present PTEs. * * This ensures that a _PAGE_GLOBAL PTE going from * present to non-present is not confused as * _PAGE_PROTNONE. */ if (!(pgprot_val(prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) pgprot_val(prot) &= ~_PAGE_GLOBAL; return prot; } static int __should_split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, struct cpa_data *cpa) { unsigned long numpages, pmask, psize, lpaddr, pfn, old_pfn; pgprot_t old_prot, new_prot, req_prot, chk_prot; pte_t new_pte, *tmp; enum pg_level level; /* * Check for races, another CPU might have split this page * up already: */ tmp = _lookup_address_cpa(cpa, address, &level); if (tmp != kpte) return 1; switch (level) { case PG_LEVEL_2M: old_prot = pmd_pgprot(*(pmd_t *)kpte); old_pfn = pmd_pfn(*(pmd_t *)kpte); cpa_inc_2m_checked(); break; case PG_LEVEL_1G: old_prot = pud_pgprot(*(pud_t *)kpte); old_pfn = pud_pfn(*(pud_t *)kpte); cpa_inc_1g_checked(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } psize = page_level_size(level); pmask = page_level_mask(level); /* * Calculate the number of pages, which fit into this large * page starting at address: */ lpaddr = (address + psize) & pmask; numpages = (lpaddr - address) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (numpages < cpa->numpages) cpa->numpages = numpages; /* * We are safe now. Check whether the new pgprot is the same: * Convert protection attributes to 4k-format, as cpa->mask* are set * up accordingly. */ /* Clear PSE (aka _PAGE_PAT) and move PAT bit to correct position */ req_prot = pgprot_large_2_4k(old_prot); pgprot_val(req_prot) &= ~pgprot_val(cpa->mask_clr); pgprot_val(req_prot) |= pgprot_val(cpa->mask_set); /* * req_prot is in format of 4k pages. It must be converted to large * page format: the caching mode includes the PAT bit located at * different bit positions in the two formats. */ req_prot = pgprot_4k_2_large(req_prot); req_prot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(req_prot); if (pgprot_val(req_prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT) pgprot_val(req_prot) |= _PAGE_PSE; /* * old_pfn points to the large page base pfn. So we need to add the * offset of the virtual address: */ pfn = old_pfn + ((address & (psize - 1)) >> PAGE_SHIFT); cpa->pfn = pfn; /* * Calculate the large page base address and the number of 4K pages * in the large page */ lpaddr = address & pmask; numpages = psize >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* * Sanity check that the existing mapping is correct versus the static * protections. static_protections() guards against !PRESENT, so no * extra conditional required here. */ chk_prot = static_protections(old_prot, lpaddr, old_pfn, numpages, psize, CPA_CONFLICT); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pgprot_val(chk_prot) != pgprot_val(old_prot))) { /* * Split the large page and tell the split code to * enforce static protections. */ cpa->force_static_prot = 1; return 1; } /* * Optimization: If the requested pgprot is the same as the current * pgprot, then the large page can be preserved and no updates are * required independent of alignment and length of the requested * range. The above already established that the current pgprot is * correct, which in consequence makes the requested pgprot correct * as well if it is the same. The static protection scan below will * not come to a different conclusion. */ if (pgprot_val(req_prot) == pgprot_val(old_prot)) { cpa_inc_lp_sameprot(level); return 0; } /* * If the requested range does not cover the full page, split it up */ if (address != lpaddr || cpa->numpages != numpages) return 1; /* * Check whether the requested pgprot is conflicting with a static * protection requirement in the large page. */ new_prot = static_protections(req_prot, lpaddr, old_pfn, numpages, psize, CPA_DETECT); /* * If there is a conflict, split the large page. * * There used to be a 4k wise evaluation trying really hard to * preserve the large pages, but experimentation has shown, that this * does not help at all. There might be corner cases which would * preserve one large page occasionally, but it's really not worth the * extra code and cycles for the common case. */ if (pgprot_val(req_prot) != pgprot_val(new_prot)) return 1; /* All checks passed. Update the large page mapping. */ new_pte = pfn_pte(old_pfn, new_prot); __set_pmd_pte(kpte, address, new_pte); cpa->flags |= CPA_FLUSHTLB; cpa_inc_lp_preserved(level); return 0; } static int should_split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, struct cpa_data *cpa) { int do_split; if (cpa->force_split) return 1; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); do_split = __should_split_large_page(kpte, address, cpa); spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return do_split; } static void split_set_pte(struct cpa_data *cpa, pte_t *pte, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t ref_prot, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { unsigned int npg = PFN_DOWN(size); pgprot_t prot; /* * If should_split_large_page() discovered an inconsistent mapping, * remove the invalid protection in the split mapping. */ if (!cpa->force_static_prot) goto set; /* Hand in lpsize = 0 to enforce the protection mechanism */ prot = static_protections(ref_prot, address, pfn, npg, 0, CPA_PROTECT); if (pgprot_val(prot) == pgprot_val(ref_prot)) goto set; /* * If this is splitting a PMD, fix it up. PUD splits cannot be * fixed trivially as that would require to rescan the newly * installed PMD mappings after returning from split_large_page() * so an eventual further split can allocate the necessary PTE * pages. Warn for now and revisit it in case this actually * happens. */ if (size == PAGE_SIZE) ref_prot = prot; else pr_warn_once("CPA: Cannot fixup static protections for PUD split\n"); set: set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(pfn, ref_prot)); } static int __split_large_page(struct cpa_data *cpa, pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, struct page *base) { unsigned long lpaddr, lpinc, ref_pfn, pfn, pfninc = 1; pte_t *pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base); unsigned int i, level; pgprot_t ref_prot; pte_t *tmp; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); /* * Check for races, another CPU might have split this page * up for us already: */ tmp = _lookup_address_cpa(cpa, address, &level); if (tmp != kpte) { spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return 1; } paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base)); switch (level) { case PG_LEVEL_2M: ref_prot = pmd_pgprot(*(pmd_t *)kpte); /* * Clear PSE (aka _PAGE_PAT) and move * PAT bit to correct position. */ ref_prot = pgprot_large_2_4k(ref_prot); ref_pfn = pmd_pfn(*(pmd_t *)kpte); lpaddr = address & PMD_MASK; lpinc = PAGE_SIZE; break; case PG_LEVEL_1G: ref_prot = pud_pgprot(*(pud_t *)kpte); ref_pfn = pud_pfn(*(pud_t *)kpte); pfninc = PMD_PAGE_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; lpaddr = address & PUD_MASK; lpinc = PMD_SIZE; /* * Clear the PSE flags if the PRESENT flag is not set * otherwise pmd_present/pmd_huge will return true * even on a non present pmd. */ if (!(pgprot_val(ref_prot) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) pgprot_val(ref_prot) &= ~_PAGE_PSE; break; default: spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return 1; } ref_prot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(ref_prot); /* * Get the target pfn from the original entry: */ pfn = ref_pfn; for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++, pfn += pfninc, lpaddr += lpinc) split_set_pte(cpa, pbase + i, pfn, ref_prot, lpaddr, lpinc); if (virt_addr_valid(address)) { unsigned long pfn = PFN_DOWN(__pa(address)); if (pfn_range_is_mapped(pfn, pfn + 1)) split_page_count(level); } /* * Install the new, split up pagetable. * * We use the standard kernel pagetable protections for the new * pagetable protections, the actual ptes set above control the * primary protection behavior: */ __set_pmd_pte(kpte, address, mk_pte(base, __pgprot(_KERNPG_TABLE))); /* * Do a global flush tlb after splitting the large page * and before we do the actual change page attribute in the PTE. * * Without this, we violate the TLB application note, that says: * "The TLBs may contain both ordinary and large-page * translations for a 4-KByte range of linear addresses. This * may occur if software modifies the paging structures so that * the page size used for the address range changes. If the two * translations differ with respect to page frame or attributes * (e.g., permissions), processor behavior is undefined and may * be implementation-specific." * * We do this global tlb flush inside the cpa_lock, so that we * don't allow any other cpu, with stale tlb entries change the * page attribute in parallel, that also falls into the * just split large page entry. */ flush_tlb_all(); spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); return 0; } static int split_large_page(struct cpa_data *cpa, pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address) { struct page *base; if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_unlock(&cpa_lock); base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 0); if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_lock(&cpa_lock); if (!base) return -ENOMEM; if (__split_large_page(cpa, kpte, address, base)) __free_page(base); return 0; } static bool try_to_free_pte_page(pte_t *pte) { int i; for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) if (!pte_none(pte[i])) return false; free_page((unsigned long)pte); return true; } static bool try_to_free_pmd_page(pmd_t *pmd) { int i; for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) if (!pmd_none(pmd[i])) return false; free_page((unsigned long)pmd); return true; } static bool unmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { pte_t *pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, start); while (start < end) { set_pte(pte, __pte(0)); start += PAGE_SIZE; pte++; } if (try_to_free_pte_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd))) { pmd_clear(pmd); return true; } return false; } static void __unmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (unmap_pte_range(pmd, start, end)) if (try_to_free_pmd_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud))) pud_clear(pud); } static void unmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); /* * Not on a 2MB page boundary? */ if (start & (PMD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long next_page = (start + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; unsigned long pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, end, next_page); __unmap_pmd_range(pud, pmd, start, pre_end); start = pre_end; pmd++; } /* * Try to unmap in 2M chunks. */ while (end - start >= PMD_SIZE) { if (pmd_large(*pmd)) pmd_clear(pmd); else __unmap_pmd_range(pud, pmd, start, start + PMD_SIZE); start += PMD_SIZE; pmd++; } /* * 4K leftovers? */ if (start < end) return __unmap_pmd_range(pud, pmd, start, end); /* * Try again to free the PMD page if haven't succeeded above. */ if (!pud_none(*pud)) if (try_to_free_pmd_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud))) pud_clear(pud); } static void unmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); /* * Not on a GB page boundary? */ if (start & (PUD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long next_page = (start + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; unsigned long pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, end, next_page); unmap_pmd_range(pud, start, pre_end); start = pre_end; pud++; } /* * Try to unmap in 1G chunks? */ while (end - start >= PUD_SIZE) { if (pud_large(*pud)) pud_clear(pud); else unmap_pmd_range(pud, start, start + PUD_SIZE); start += PUD_SIZE; pud++; } /* * 2M leftovers? */ if (start < end) unmap_pmd_range(pud, start, end); /* * No need to try to free the PUD page because we'll free it in * populate_pgd's error path */ } static int alloc_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *pte = (pte_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!pte) return -1; set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); return 0; } static int alloc_pmd_page(pud_t *pud) { pmd_t *pmd = (pmd_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!pmd) return -1; set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); return 0; } static void populate_pte(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned num_pages, pmd_t *pmd, pgprot_t pgprot) { pte_t *pte; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, start); pgprot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(pgprot); while (num_pages-- && start < end) { set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(cpa->pfn, pgprot)); start += PAGE_SIZE; cpa->pfn++; pte++; } } static long populate_pmd(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned num_pages, pud_t *pud, pgprot_t pgprot) { long cur_pages = 0; pmd_t *pmd; pgprot_t pmd_pgprot; /* * Not on a 2M boundary? */ if (start & (PMD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long pre_end = start + (num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT); unsigned long next_page = (start + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, pre_end, next_page); cur_pages = (pre_end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages = min_t(unsigned int, num_pages, cur_pages); /* * Need a PTE page? */ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); if (pmd_none(*pmd)) if (alloc_pte_page(pmd)) return -1; populate_pte(cpa, start, pre_end, cur_pages, pmd, pgprot); start = pre_end; } /* * We mapped them all? */ if (num_pages == cur_pages) return cur_pages; pmd_pgprot = pgprot_4k_2_large(pgprot); while (end - start >= PMD_SIZE) { /* * We cannot use a 1G page so allocate a PMD page if needed. */ if (pud_none(*pud)) if (alloc_pmd_page(pud)) return -1; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); set_pmd(pmd, pmd_mkhuge(pfn_pmd(cpa->pfn, canon_pgprot(pmd_pgprot)))); start += PMD_SIZE; cpa->pfn += PMD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages += PMD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* * Map trailing 4K pages. */ if (start < end) { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); if (pmd_none(*pmd)) if (alloc_pte_page(pmd)) return -1; populate_pte(cpa, start, end, num_pages - cur_pages, pmd, pgprot); } return num_pages; } static int populate_pud(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long start, p4d_t *p4d, pgprot_t pgprot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long end; long cur_pages = 0; pgprot_t pud_pgprot; end = start + (cpa->numpages << PAGE_SHIFT); /* * Not on a Gb page boundary? => map everything up to it with * smaller pages. */ if (start & (PUD_SIZE - 1)) { unsigned long pre_end; unsigned long next_page = (start + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; pre_end = min_t(unsigned long, end, next_page); cur_pages = (pre_end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages = min_t(int, (int)cpa->numpages, cur_pages); pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); /* * Need a PMD page? */ if (pud_none(*pud)) if (alloc_pmd_page(pud)) return -1; cur_pages = populate_pmd(cpa, start, pre_end, cur_pages, pud, pgprot); if (cur_pages < 0) return cur_pages; start = pre_end; } /* We mapped them all? */ if (cpa->numpages == cur_pages) return cur_pages; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); pud_pgprot = pgprot_4k_2_large(pgprot); /* * Map everything starting from the Gb boundary, possibly with 1G pages */ while (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_GBPAGES) && end - start >= PUD_SIZE) { set_pud(pud, pud_mkhuge(pfn_pud(cpa->pfn, canon_pgprot(pud_pgprot)))); start += PUD_SIZE; cpa->pfn += PUD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; cur_pages += PUD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud++; } /* Map trailing leftover */ if (start < end) { long tmp; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); if (pud_none(*pud)) if (alloc_pmd_page(pud)) return -1; tmp = populate_pmd(cpa, start, end, cpa->numpages - cur_pages, pud, pgprot); if (tmp < 0) return cur_pages; cur_pages += tmp; } return cur_pages; } /* * Restrictions for kernel page table do not necessarily apply when mapping in * an alternate PGD. */ static int populate_pgd(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long addr) { pgprot_t pgprot = __pgprot(_KERNPG_TABLE); pud_t *pud = NULL; /* shut up gcc */ p4d_t *p4d; pgd_t *pgd_entry; long ret; pgd_entry = cpa->pgd + pgd_index(addr); if (pgd_none(*pgd_entry)) { p4d = (p4d_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!p4d) return -1; set_pgd(pgd_entry, __pgd(__pa(p4d) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); } /* * Allocate a PUD page and hand it down for mapping. */ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd_entry, addr); if (p4d_none(*p4d)) { pud = (pud_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL); if (!pud) return -1; set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(__pa(pud) | _KERNPG_TABLE)); } pgprot_val(pgprot) &= ~pgprot_val(cpa->mask_clr); pgprot_val(pgprot) |= pgprot_val(cpa->mask_set); ret = populate_pud(cpa, addr, p4d, pgprot); if (ret < 0) { /* * Leave the PUD page in place in case some other CPU or thread * already found it, but remove any useless entries we just * added to it. */ unmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, addr + (cpa->numpages << PAGE_SHIFT)); return ret; } cpa->numpages = ret; return 0; } static int __cpa_process_fault(struct cpa_data *cpa, unsigned long vaddr, int primary) { if (cpa->pgd) { /* * Right now, we only execute this code path when mapping * the EFI virtual memory map regions, no other users * provide a ->pgd value. This may change in the future. */ return populate_pgd(cpa, vaddr); } /* * Ignore all non primary paths. */ if (!primary) { cpa->numpages = 1; return 0; } /* * Ignore the NULL PTE for kernel identity mapping, as it is expected * to have holes. * Also set numpages to '1' indicating that we processed cpa req for * one virtual address page and its pfn. TBD: numpages can be set based * on the initial value and the level returned by lookup_address(). */ if (within(vaddr, PAGE_OFFSET, PAGE_OFFSET + (max_pfn_mapped << PAGE_SHIFT))) { cpa->numpages = 1; cpa->pfn = __pa(vaddr) >> PAGE_SHIFT; return 0; } else if (__cpa_pfn_in_highmap(cpa->pfn)) { /* Faults in the highmap are OK, so do not warn: */ return -EFAULT; } else { WARN(1, KERN_WARNING "CPA: called for zero pte. " "vaddr = %lx cpa->vaddr = %lx\n", vaddr, *cpa->vaddr); return -EFAULT; } } static int __change_page_attr(struct cpa_data *cpa, int primary) { unsigned long address; int do_split, err; unsigned int level; pte_t *kpte, old_pte; address = __cpa_addr(cpa, cpa->curpage); repeat: kpte = _lookup_address_cpa(cpa, address, &level); if (!kpte) return __cpa_process_fault(cpa, address, primary); old_pte = *kpte; if (pte_none(old_pte)) return __cpa_process_fault(cpa, address, primary); if (level == PG_LEVEL_4K) { pte_t new_pte; pgprot_t new_prot = pte_pgprot(old_pte); unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(old_pte); pgprot_val(new_prot) &= ~pgprot_val(cpa->mask_clr); pgprot_val(new_prot) |= pgprot_val(cpa->mask_set); cpa_inc_4k_install(); /* Hand in lpsize = 0 to enforce the protection mechanism */ new_prot = static_protections(new_prot, address, pfn, 1, 0, CPA_PROTECT); new_prot = pgprot_clear_protnone_bits(new_prot); /* * We need to keep the pfn from the existing PTE, * after all we're only going to change it's attributes * not the memory it points to */ new_pte = pfn_pte(pfn, new_prot); cpa->pfn = pfn; /* * Do we really change anything ? */ if (pte_val(old_pte) != pte_val(new_pte)) { set_pte_atomic(kpte, new_pte); cpa->flags |= CPA_FLUSHTLB; } cpa->numpages = 1; return 0; } /* * Check, whether we can keep the large page intact * and just change the pte: */ do_split = should_split_large_page(kpte, address, cpa); /* * When the range fits into the existing large page, * return. cp->numpages and cpa->tlbflush have been updated in * try_large_page: */ if (do_split <= 0) return do_split; /* * We have to split the large page: */ err = split_large_page(cpa, kpte, address); if (!err) goto repeat; return err; } static int __change_page_attr_set_clr(struct cpa_data *cpa, int checkalias); static int cpa_process_alias(struct cpa_data *cpa) { struct cpa_data alias_cpa; unsigned long laddr = (unsigned long)__va(cpa->pfn << PAGE_SHIFT); unsigned long vaddr; int ret; if (!pfn_range_is_mapped(cpa->pfn, cpa->pfn + 1)) return 0; /* * No need to redo, when the primary call touched the direct * mapping already: */ vaddr = __cpa_addr(cpa, cpa->curpage); if (!(within(vaddr, PAGE_OFFSET, PAGE_OFFSET + (max_pfn_mapped << PAGE_SHIFT)))) { alias_cpa = *cpa; alias_cpa.vaddr = &laddr; alias_cpa.flags &= ~(CPA_PAGES_ARRAY | CPA_ARRAY); alias_cpa.curpage = 0; cpa->force_flush_all = 1; ret = __change_page_attr_set_clr(&alias_cpa, 0); if (ret) return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * If the primary call didn't touch the high mapping already * and the physical address is inside the kernel map, we need * to touch the high mapped kernel as well: */ if (!within(vaddr, (unsigned long)_text, _brk_end) && __cpa_pfn_in_highmap(cpa->pfn)) { unsigned long temp_cpa_vaddr = (cpa->pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) + __START_KERNEL_map - phys_base; alias_cpa = *cpa; alias_cpa.vaddr = &temp_cpa_vaddr; alias_cpa.flags &= ~(CPA_PAGES_ARRAY | CPA_ARRAY); alias_cpa.curpage = 0; cpa->force_flush_all = 1; /* * The high mapping range is imprecise, so ignore the * return value. */ __change_page_attr_set_clr(&alias_cpa, 0); } #endif return 0; } static int __change_page_attr_set_clr(struct cpa_data *cpa, int checkalias) { unsigned long numpages = cpa->numpages; unsigned long rempages = numpages; int ret = 0; while (rempages) { /* * Store the remaining nr of pages for the large page * preservation check. */ cpa->numpages = rempages; /* for array changes, we can't use large page */ if (cpa->flags & (CPA_ARRAY | CPA_PAGES_ARRAY)) cpa->numpages = 1; if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_lock(&cpa_lock); ret = __change_page_attr(cpa, checkalias); if (!debug_pagealloc_enabled()) spin_unlock(&cpa_lock); if (ret) goto out; if (checkalias) { ret = cpa_process_alias(cpa); if (ret) goto out; } /* * Adjust the number of pages with the result of the * CPA operation. Either a large page has been * preserved or a single page update happened. */ BUG_ON(cpa->numpages > rempages || !cpa->numpages); rempages -= cpa->numpages; cpa->curpage += cpa->numpages; } out: /* Restore the original numpages */ cpa->numpages = numpages; return ret; } static int change_page_attr_set_clr(unsigned long *addr, int numpages, pgprot_t mask_set, pgprot_t mask_clr, int force_split, int in_flag, struct page **pages) { struct cpa_data cpa; int ret, cache, checkalias; memset(&cpa, 0, sizeof(cpa)); /* * Check, if we are requested to set a not supported * feature. Clearing non-supported features is OK. */ mask_set = canon_pgprot(mask_set); if (!pgprot_val(mask_set) && !pgprot_val(mask_clr) && !force_split) return 0; /* Ensure we are PAGE_SIZE aligned */ if (in_flag & CPA_ARRAY) { int i; for (i = 0; i < numpages; i++) { if (addr[i] & ~PAGE_MASK) { addr[i] &= PAGE_MASK; WARN_ON_ONCE(1); } } } else if (!(in_flag & CPA_PAGES_ARRAY)) { /* * in_flag of CPA_PAGES_ARRAY implies it is aligned. * No need to check in that case */ if (*addr & ~PAGE_MASK) { *addr &= PAGE_MASK; /* * People should not be passing in unaligned addresses: */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); } } /* Must avoid aliasing mappings in the highmem code */ kmap_flush_unused(); vm_unmap_aliases(); cpa.vaddr = addr; cpa.pages = pages; cpa.numpages = numpages; cpa.mask_set = mask_set; cpa.mask_clr = mask_clr; cpa.flags = 0; cpa.curpage = 0; cpa.force_split = force_split; if (in_flag & (CPA_ARRAY | CPA_PAGES_ARRAY)) cpa.flags |= in_flag; /* No alias checking for _NX bit modifications */ checkalias = (pgprot_val(mask_set) | pgprot_val(mask_clr)) != _PAGE_NX; /* Has caller explicitly disabled alias checking? */ if (in_flag & CPA_NO_CHECK_ALIAS) checkalias = 0; ret = __change_page_attr_set_clr(&cpa, checkalias); /* * Check whether we really changed something: */ if (!(cpa.flags & CPA_FLUSHTLB)) goto out; /* * No need to flush, when we did not set any of the caching * attributes: */ cache = !!pgprot2cachemode(mask_set); /* * On error; flush everything to be sure. */ if (ret) { cpa_flush_all(cache); goto out; } cpa_flush(&cpa, cache); out: return ret; } static inline int change_page_attr_set(unsigned long *addr, int numpages, pgprot_t mask, int array) { return change_page_attr_set_clr(addr, numpages, mask, __pgprot(0), 0, (array ? CPA_ARRAY : 0), NULL); } static inline int change_page_attr_clear(unsigned long *addr, int numpages, pgprot_t mask, int array) { return change_page_attr_set_clr(addr, numpages, __pgprot(0), mask, 0, (array ? CPA_ARRAY : 0), NULL); } static inline int cpa_set_pages_array(struct page **pages, int numpages, pgprot_t mask) { return change_page_attr_set_clr(NULL, numpages, mask, __pgprot(0), 0, CPA_PAGES_ARRAY, pages); } static inline int cpa_clear_pages_array(struct page **pages, int numpages, pgprot_t mask) { return change_page_attr_set_clr(NULL, numpages, __pgprot(0), mask, 0, CPA_PAGES_ARRAY, pages); } /* * _set_memory_prot is an internal helper for callers that have been passed * a pgprot_t value from upper layers and a reservation has already been taken. * If you want to set the pgprot to a specific page protocol, use the * set_memory_xx() functions. */ int __set_memory_prot(unsigned long addr, int numpages, pgprot_t prot) { return change_page_attr_set_clr(&addr, numpages, prot, __pgprot(~pgprot_val(prot)), 0, 0, NULL); } int _set_memory_uc(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { /* * for now UC MINUS. see comments in ioremap() * If you really need strong UC use ioremap_uc(), but note * that you cannot override IO areas with set_memory_*() as * these helpers cannot work with IO memory. */ return change_page_attr_set(&addr, numpages, cachemode2pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS), 0); } int set_memory_uc(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { int ret; /* * for now UC MINUS. see comments in ioremap() */ ret = memtype_reserve(__pa(addr), __pa(addr) + numpages * PAGE_SIZE, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS, NULL); if (ret) goto out_err; ret = _set_memory_uc(addr, numpages); if (ret) goto out_free; return 0; out_free: memtype_free(__pa(addr), __pa(addr) + numpages * PAGE_SIZE); out_err: return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_memory_uc); int _set_memory_wc(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { int ret; ret = change_page_attr_set(&addr, numpages, cachemode2pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS), 0); if (!ret) { ret = change_page_attr_set_clr(&addr, numpages, cachemode2pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC), __pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MASK), 0, 0, NULL); } return ret; } int set_memory_wc(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { int ret; ret = memtype_reserve(__pa(addr), __pa(addr) + numpages * PAGE_SIZE, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC, NULL); if (ret) return ret; ret = _set_memory_wc(addr, numpages); if (ret) memtype_free(__pa(addr), __pa(addr) + numpages * PAGE_SIZE); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_memory_wc); int _set_memory_wt(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return change_page_attr_set(&addr, numpages, cachemode2pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT), 0); } int _set_memory_wb(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { /* WB cache mode is hard wired to all cache attribute bits being 0 */ return change_page_attr_clear(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MASK), 0); } int set_memory_wb(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { int ret; ret = _set_memory_wb(addr, numpages); if (ret) return ret; memtype_free(__pa(addr), __pa(addr) + numpages * PAGE_SIZE); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_memory_wb); int set_memory_x(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { if (!(__supported_pte_mask & _PAGE_NX)) return 0; return change_page_attr_clear(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_NX), 0); } int set_memory_nx(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { if (!(__supported_pte_mask & _PAGE_NX)) return 0; return change_page_attr_set(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_NX), 0); } int set_memory_ro(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return change_page_attr_clear(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_RW), 0); } int set_memory_rw(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return change_page_attr_set(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_RW), 0); } int set_memory_np(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return change_page_attr_clear(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT), 0); } int set_memory_np_noalias(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { int cpa_flags = CPA_NO_CHECK_ALIAS; return change_page_attr_set_clr(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(0), __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT), 0, cpa_flags, NULL); } int set_memory_4k(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return change_page_attr_set_clr(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(0), __pgprot(0), 1, 0, NULL); } int set_memory_nonglobal(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return change_page_attr_clear(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_GLOBAL), 0); } int set_memory_global(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return change_page_attr_set(&addr, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_GLOBAL), 0); } static int __set_memory_enc_dec(unsigned long addr, int numpages, bool enc) { struct cpa_data cpa; int ret; /* Nothing to do if memory encryption is not active */ if (!mem_encrypt_active()) return 0; /* Should not be working on unaligned addresses */ if (WARN_ONCE(addr & ~PAGE_MASK, "misaligned address: %#lx\n", addr)) addr &= PAGE_MASK; memset(&cpa, 0, sizeof(cpa)); cpa.vaddr = &addr; cpa.numpages = numpages; cpa.mask_set = enc ? __pgprot(_PAGE_ENC) : __pgprot(0); cpa.mask_clr = enc ? __pgprot(0) : __pgprot(_PAGE_ENC); cpa.pgd = init_mm.pgd; /* Must avoid aliasing mappings in the highmem code */ kmap_flush_unused(); vm_unmap_aliases(); /* * Before changing the encryption attribute, we need to flush caches. */ cpa_flush(&cpa, !this_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SME_COHERENT)); ret = __change_page_attr_set_clr(&cpa, 1); /* * After changing the encryption attribute, we need to flush TLBs again * in case any speculative TLB caching occurred (but no need to flush * caches again). We could just use cpa_flush_all(), but in case TLB * flushing gets optimized in the cpa_flush() path use the same logic * as above. */ cpa_flush(&cpa, 0); return ret; } int set_memory_encrypted(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return __set_memory_enc_dec(addr, numpages, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_memory_encrypted); int set_memory_decrypted(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return __set_memory_enc_dec(addr, numpages, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_memory_decrypted); int set_pages_uc(struct page *page, int numpages) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page); return set_memory_uc(addr, numpages); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_pages_uc); static int _set_pages_array(struct page **pages, int numpages, enum page_cache_mode new_type) { unsigned long start; unsigned long end; enum page_cache_mode set_type; int i; int free_idx; int ret; for (i = 0; i < numpages; i++) { if (PageHighMem(pages[i])) continue; start = page_to_pfn(pages[i]) << PAGE_SHIFT; end = start + PAGE_SIZE; if (memtype_reserve(start, end, new_type, NULL)) goto err_out; } /* If WC, set to UC- first and then WC */ set_type = (new_type == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC) ? _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS : new_type; ret = cpa_set_pages_array(pages, numpages, cachemode2pgprot(set_type)); if (!ret && new_type == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC) ret = change_page_attr_set_clr(NULL, numpages, cachemode2pgprot( _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC), __pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MASK), 0, CPA_PAGES_ARRAY, pages); if (ret) goto err_out; return 0; /* Success */ err_out: free_idx = i; for (i = 0; i < free_idx; i++) { if (PageHighMem(pages[i])) continue; start = page_to_pfn(pages[i]) << PAGE_SHIFT; end = start + PAGE_SIZE; memtype_free(start, end); } return -EINVAL; } int set_pages_array_uc(struct page **pages, int numpages) { return _set_pages_array(pages, numpages, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_pages_array_uc); int set_pages_array_wc(struct page **pages, int numpages) { return _set_pages_array(pages, numpages, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_pages_array_wc); int set_pages_array_wt(struct page **pages, int numpages) { return _set_pages_array(pages, numpages, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_pages_array_wt); int set_pages_wb(struct page *page, int numpages) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page); return set_memory_wb(addr, numpages); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_pages_wb); int set_pages_array_wb(struct page **pages, int numpages) { int retval; unsigned long start; unsigned long end; int i; /* WB cache mode is hard wired to all cache attribute bits being 0 */ retval = cpa_clear_pages_array(pages, numpages, __pgprot(_PAGE_CACHE_MASK)); if (retval) return retval; for (i = 0; i < numpages; i++) { if (PageHighMem(pages[i])) continue; start = page_to_pfn(pages[i]) << PAGE_SHIFT; end = start + PAGE_SIZE; memtype_free(start, end); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_pages_array_wb); int set_pages_ro(struct page *page, int numpages) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page); return set_memory_ro(addr, numpages); } int set_pages_rw(struct page *page, int numpages) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page); return set_memory_rw(addr, numpages); } static int __set_pages_p(struct page *page, int numpages) { unsigned long tempaddr = (unsigned long) page_address(page); struct cpa_data cpa = { .vaddr = &tempaddr, .pgd = NULL, .numpages = numpages, .mask_set = __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_RW), .mask_clr = __pgprot(0), .flags = 0}; /* * No alias checking needed for setting present flag. otherwise, * we may need to break large pages for 64-bit kernel text * mappings (this adds to complexity if we want to do this from * atomic context especially). Let's keep it simple! */ return __change_page_attr_set_clr(&cpa, 0); } static int __set_pages_np(struct page *page, int numpages) { unsigned long tempaddr = (unsigned long) page_address(page); struct cpa_data cpa = { .vaddr = &tempaddr, .pgd = NULL, .numpages = numpages, .mask_set = __pgprot(0), .mask_clr = __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_RW), .flags = 0}; /* * No alias checking needed for setting not present flag. otherwise, * we may need to break large pages for 64-bit kernel text * mappings (this adds to complexity if we want to do this from * atomic context especially). Let's keep it simple! */ return __change_page_attr_set_clr(&cpa, 0); } int set_direct_map_invalid_noflush(struct page *page) { return __set_pages_np(page, 1); } int set_direct_map_default_noflush(struct page *page) { return __set_pages_p(page, 1); } void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { if (PageHighMem(page)) return; if (!enable) { debug_check_no_locks_freed(page_address(page), numpages * PAGE_SIZE); } /* * The return value is ignored as the calls cannot fail. * Large pages for identity mappings are not used at boot time * and hence no memory allocations during large page split. */ if (enable) __set_pages_p(page, numpages); else __set_pages_np(page, numpages); /* * We should perform an IPI and flush all tlbs, * but that can deadlock->flush only current cpu. * Preemption needs to be disabled around __flush_tlb_all() due to * CR3 reload in __native_flush_tlb(). */ preempt_disable(); __flush_tlb_all(); preempt_enable(); arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode(); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { unsigned int level; pte_t *pte; if (PageHighMem(page)) return false; pte = lookup_address((unsigned long)page_address(page), &level); return (pte_val(*pte) & _PAGE_PRESENT); } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ int __init kernel_map_pages_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, u64 pfn, unsigned long address, unsigned numpages, unsigned long page_flags) { int retval = -EINVAL; struct cpa_data cpa = { .vaddr = &address, .pfn = pfn, .pgd = pgd, .numpages = numpages, .mask_set = __pgprot(0), .mask_clr = __pgprot(~page_flags & (_PAGE_NX|_PAGE_RW)), .flags = 0, }; WARN_ONCE(num_online_cpus() > 1, "Don't call after initializing SMP"); if (!(__supported_pte_mask & _PAGE_NX)) goto out; if (!(page_flags & _PAGE_ENC)) cpa.mask_clr = pgprot_encrypted(cpa.mask_clr); cpa.mask_set = __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | page_flags); retval = __change_page_attr_set_clr(&cpa, 0); __flush_tlb_all(); out: return retval; } /* * __flush_tlb_all() flushes mappings only on current CPU and hence this * function shouldn't be used in an SMP environment. Presently, it's used only * during boot (way before smp_init()) by EFI subsystem and hence is ok. */ int __init kernel_unmap_pages_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, unsigned long numpages) { int retval; /* * The typical sequence for unmapping is to find a pte through * lookup_address_in_pgd() (ideally, it should never return NULL because * the address is already mapped) and change it's protections. As pfn is * the *target* of a mapping, it's not useful while unmapping. */ struct cpa_data cpa = { .vaddr = &address, .pfn = 0, .pgd = pgd, .numpages = numpages, .mask_set = __pgprot(0), .mask_clr = __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_RW), .flags = 0, }; WARN_ONCE(num_online_cpus() > 1, "Don't call after initializing SMP"); retval = __change_page_attr_set_clr(&cpa, 0); __flush_tlb_all(); return retval; } /* * The testcases use internal knowledge of the implementation that shouldn't * be exposed to the rest of the kernel. Include these directly here. */ #ifdef CONFIG_CPA_DEBUG #include "cpa-test.c" #endif
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1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #define _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <asm/pgtable.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> #if 5 - defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) - defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) - \ defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) != CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS #error CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS is not consistent with __PAGETABLE_{P4D,PUD,PMD}_FOLDED #endif /* * On almost all architectures and configurations, 0 can be used as the * upper ceiling to free_pgtables(): on many architectures it has the same * effect as using TASK_SIZE. However, there is one configuration which * must impose a more careful limit, to avoid freeing kernel pgtables. */ #ifndef USER_PGTABLES_CEILING #define USER_PGTABLES_CEILING 0UL #endif /* * A page table page can be thought of an array like this: pXd_t[PTRS_PER_PxD] * * The pXx_index() functions return the index of the entry in the page * table page which would control the given virtual address * * As these functions may be used by the same code for different levels of * the page table folding, they are always available, regardless of * CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS value. For the folded levels they simply return 0 * because in such cases PTRS_PER_PxD equals 1. */ static inline unsigned long pte_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); } #ifndef pmd_index static inline unsigned long pmd_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1); } #define pmd_index pmd_index #endif #ifndef pud_index static inline unsigned long pud_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PUD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PUD - 1); } #define pud_index pud_index #endif #ifndef pgd_index /* Must be a compile-time constant, so implement it as a macro */ #define pgd_index(a) (((a) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD - 1)) #endif #ifndef pte_offset_kernel static inline pte_t *pte_offset_kernel(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { return (pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd) + pte_index(address); } #define pte_offset_kernel pte_offset_kernel #endif #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHPTE) #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) \ ((pte_t *)kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir))) + \ pte_index((address))) #define pte_unmap(pte) kunmap_atomic((pte)) #else #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) pte_offset_kernel((dir), (address)) #define pte_unmap(pte) ((void)(pte)) /* NOP */ #endif /* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */ #ifndef pmd_offset static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud) + pmd_index(address); } #define pmd_offset pmd_offset #endif #ifndef pud_offset static inline pud_t *pud_offset(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (pud_t *)p4d_page_vaddr(*p4d) + pud_index(address); } #define pud_offset pud_offset #endif static inline pgd_t *pgd_offset_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (pgd + pgd_index(address)); }; /* * a shortcut to get a pgd_t in a given mm */ #ifndef pgd_offset #define pgd_offset(mm, address) pgd_offset_pgd((mm)->pgd, (address)) #endif /* * a shortcut which implies the use of the kernel's pgd, instead * of a process's */ #ifndef pgd_offset_k #define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, (address)) #endif /* * In many cases it is known that a virtual address is mapped at PMD or PTE * level, so instead of traversing all the page table levels, we can get a * pointer to the PMD entry in user or kernel page table or translate a virtual * address to the pointer in the PTE in the kernel page tables with simple * helpers. */ static inline pmd_t *pmd_off(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset(mm, va), va), va), va); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_off_k(unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset_k(va), va), va), va); } static inline pte_t *virt_to_kpte(unsigned long vaddr) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_off_k(vaddr); return pmd_none(*pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #else static inline int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } static inline int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG static inline int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; int r = 1; if (!pte_young(pte)) r = 0; else set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, ptep, pte_mkold(pte)); return r; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; int r = 1; if (!pmd_young(pmd)) r = 0; else set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd_mkold(pmd)); return r; } #else static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else /* * Despite relevant to THP only, this API is called from generic rmap code * under PageTransHuge(), hence needs a dummy implementation for !THP */ static inline int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET static inline pte_t ptep_get(pte_t *ptep) { return READ_ONCE(*ptep); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; pmd_clear(pmdp); return pmd; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t pud = *pudp; pud_clear(pudp); return pud; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, int full) { return pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, int full) { return pudp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, address, pudp); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif /* * If two threads concurrently fault at the same page, the thread that * won the race updates the PTE and its local TLB/Cache. The other thread * gives up, simply does nothing, and continues; on architectures where * software can update TLB, local TLB can be updated here to avoid next page * fault. This function updates TLB only, do nothing with cache or others. * It is the difference with function update_mmu_cache. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB static inline void update_mmu_tlb(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { } #define __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB #endif /* * Some architectures may be able to avoid expensive synchronization * primitives when modifications are made to PTE's which are already * not present, or in the process of an address space destruction. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_CLEAR_NOT_PRESENT_FULL static inline void pte_clear_not_present_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pte_t ptep_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pmd_t pmdp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); extern pud_t pudp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT struct mm_struct; static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t old_pte = *ptep; set_pte_at(mm, address, ptep, pte_wrprotect(old_pte)); } #endif /* * On some architectures hardware does not set page access bit when accessing * memory page, it is responsibilty of software setting this bit. It brings * out extra page fault penalty to track page access bit. For optimization page * access bit can be set during all page fault flow on these arches. * To be differentiate with macro pte_mkyoung, this macro is used on platforms * where software maintains page access bit. */ #ifndef pte_sw_mkyoung static inline pte_t pte_sw_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #define pte_sw_mkyoung pte_sw_mkyoung #endif #ifndef pte_savedwrite #define pte_savedwrite pte_write #endif #ifndef pte_mk_savedwrite #define pte_mk_savedwrite pte_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pte_clear_savedwrite #define pte_clear_savedwrite pte_wrprotect #endif #ifndef pmd_savedwrite #define pmd_savedwrite pmd_write #endif #ifndef pmd_mk_savedwrite #define pmd_mk_savedwrite pmd_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pmd_clear_savedwrite #define pmd_clear_savedwrite pmd_wrprotect #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmdp, pmd_wrprotect(old_pmd)); } #else static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t old_pud = *pudp; set_pud_at(mm, address, pudp, pud_wrprotect(old_pud)); } #else static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD */ #endif #ifndef pmdp_collapse_flush #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else static inline pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return *pmdp; } #define pmdp_collapse_flush pmdp_collapse_flush #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_DEPOSIT extern void pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp, pgtable_t pgtable); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_WITHDRAW extern pgtable_t pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * This is an implementation of pmdp_establish() that is only suitable for an * architecture that doesn't have hardware dirty/accessed bits. In this case we * can't race with CPU which sets these bits and non-atomic aproach is fine. */ static inline pmd_t generic_pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd); return old_pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_INVALIDATE extern pmd_t pmdp_invalidate(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t pte_a, pte_t pte_b) { return pte_val(pte_a) == pte_val(pte_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_UNUSED /* * Some architectures provide facilities to virtualization guests * so that they can flag allocated pages as unused. This allows the * host to transparently reclaim unused pages. This function returns * whether the pte's page is unused. */ static inline int pte_unused(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef pte_access_permitted #define pte_access_permitted(pte, write) \ (pte_present(pte) && (!(write) || pte_write(pte))) #endif #ifndef pmd_access_permitted #define pmd_access_permitted(pmd, write) \ (pmd_present(pmd) && (!(write) || pmd_write(pmd))) #endif #ifndef pud_access_permitted #define pud_access_permitted(pud, write) \ (pud_present(pud) && (!(write) || pud_write(pud))) #endif #ifndef p4d_access_permitted #define p4d_access_permitted(p4d, write) \ (p4d_present(p4d) && (!(write) || p4d_write(p4d))) #endif #ifndef pgd_access_permitted #define pgd_access_permitted(pgd, write) \ (pgd_present(pgd) && (!(write) || pgd_write(pgd))) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_SAME static inline int pmd_same(pmd_t pmd_a, pmd_t pmd_b) { return pmd_val(pmd_a) == pmd_val(pmd_b); } static inline int pud_same(pud_t pud_a, pud_t pud_b) { return pud_val(pud_a) == pud_val(pud_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_P4D_SAME static inline int p4d_same(p4d_t p4d_a, p4d_t p4d_b) { return p4d_val(p4d_a) == p4d_val(p4d_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_SAME static inline int pgd_same(pgd_t pgd_a, pgd_t pgd_b) { return pgd_val(pgd_a) == pgd_val(pgd_b); } #endif /* * Use set_p*_safe(), and elide TLB flushing, when confident that *no* * TLB flush will be required as a result of the "set". For example, use * in scenarios where it is known ahead of time that the routine is * setting non-present entries, or re-setting an existing entry to the * same value. Otherwise, use the typical "set" helpers and flush the * TLB. */ #define set_pte_safe(ptep, pte) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pte_present(*ptep) && !pte_same(*ptep, pte)); \ set_pte(ptep, pte); \ }) #define set_pmd_safe(pmdp, pmd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_present(*pmdp) && !pmd_same(*pmdp, pmd)); \ set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); \ }) #define set_pud_safe(pudp, pud) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_present(*pudp) && !pud_same(*pudp, pud)); \ set_pud(pudp, pud); \ }) #define set_p4d_safe(p4dp, p4d) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(p4d_present(*p4dp) && !p4d_same(*p4dp, p4d)); \ set_p4d(p4dp, p4d); \ }) #define set_pgd_safe(pgdp, pgd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pgd_present(*pgdp) && !pgd_same(*pgdp, pgd)); \ set_pgd(pgdp, pgd); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_DO_SWAP_PAGE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_do_swap_page() can restore this * metadata when a page is swapped back in. */ static inline void arch_do_swap_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, pte_t oldpte) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UNMAP_ONE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_unmap_one() can save this * metadata on a swap-out of a page. */ static inline int arch_unmap_one(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t orig_pte) { return 0; } #endif /* * Allow architectures to preserve additional metadata associated with * swapped-out pages. The corresponding __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_* macros and function * prototypes must be defined in the arch-specific asm/pgtable.h file. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PREPARE_TO_SWAP static inline int arch_prepare_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_INVALIDATE static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_page(int type, pgoff_t offset) { } static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_area(int type) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_RESTORE static inline void arch_swap_restore(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_OFFSET_GATE #define pgd_offset_gate(mm, addr) pgd_offset(mm, addr) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MOVE_PTE #define move_pte(pte, prot, old_addr, new_addr) (pte) #endif #ifndef pte_accessible # define pte_accessible(mm, pte) ((void)(pte), 1) #endif #ifndef flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) flush_tlb_page(vma, address) #endif /* * When walking page tables, get the address of the next boundary, * or the end address of the range if that comes earlier. Although no * vma end wraps to 0, rounded up __boundary may wrap to 0 throughout. */ #define pgd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PGDIR_SIZE) & PGDIR_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #ifndef p4d_addr_end #define p4d_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + P4D_SIZE) & P4D_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pud_addr_end #define pud_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pmd_addr_end #define pmd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif /* * When walking page tables, we usually want to skip any p?d_none entries; * and any p?d_bad entries - reporting the error before resetting to none. * Do the tests inline, but report and clear the bad entry in mm/memory.c. */ void pgd_clear_bad(pgd_t *); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED void p4d_clear_bad(p4d_t *); #else #define p4d_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED void pud_clear_bad(pud_t *); #else #define pud_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *); static inline int pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd_t *pgd) { if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) { pgd_clear_bad(pgd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d_t *p4d) { if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return 1; if (unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) { p4d_clear_bad(p4d); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { if (pud_none(*pud)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { if (pmd_none(*pmd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline pte_t __ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { /* * Get the current pte state, but zero it out to make it * non-present, preventing the hardware from asynchronously * updating it. */ return ptep_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep); } static inline void __ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { /* * The pte is non-present, so there's no hardware state to * preserve. */ set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep, pte); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION /* * Start a pte protection read-modify-write transaction, which * protects against asynchronous hardware modifications to the pte. * The intention is not to prevent the hardware from making pte * updates, but to prevent any updates it may make from being lost. * * This does not protect against other software modifications of the * pte; the appropriate pte lock must be held over the transation. * * Note that this interface is intended to be batchable, meaning that * ptep_modify_prot_commit may not actually update the pte, but merely * queue the update to be done at some later time. The update must be * actually committed before the pte lock is released, however. */ static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { return __ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, addr, ptep); } /* * Commit an update to a pte, leaving any hardware-controlled bits in * the PTE unmodified. */ static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { __ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, addr, ptep, pte); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ /* * No-op macros that just return the current protection value. Defined here * because these macros can be used even if CONFIG_MMU is not defined. */ #ifndef pgprot_nx #define pgprot_nx(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_noncached #define pgprot_noncached(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_writecombine #define pgprot_writecombine pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_writethrough #define pgprot_writethrough pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_device #define pgprot_device pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_mhp #define pgprot_mhp(prot) (prot) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef pgprot_modify #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_noncached(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_noncached(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_writecombine(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_writecombine(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_device(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_device(newprot); return newprot; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifndef pgprot_encrypted #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_decrypted #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) (prot) #endif /* * A facility to provide lazy MMU batching. This allows PTE updates and * page invalidations to be delayed until a call to leave lazy MMU mode * is issued. Some architectures may benefit from doing this, and it is * beneficial for both shadow and direct mode hypervisors, which may batch * the PTE updates which happen during this window. Note that using this * interface requires that read hazards be removed from the code. A read * hazard could result in the direct mode hypervisor case, since the actual * write to the page tables may not yet have taken place, so reads though * a raw PTE pointer after it has been modified are not guaranteed to be * up to date. This mode can only be entered and left under the protection of * the page table locks for all page tables which may be modified. In the UP * case, this is required so that preemption is disabled, and in the SMP case, * it must synchronize the delayed page table writes properly on other CPUs. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE #define arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #endif /* * A facility to provide batching of the reload of page tables and * other process state with the actual context switch code for * paravirtualized guests. By convention, only one of the batched * update (lazy) modes (CPU, MMU) should be active at any given time, * entry should never be nested, and entry and exits should always be * paired. This is for sanity of maintaining and reasoning about the * kernel code. In this case, the exit (end of the context switch) is * in architecture-specific code, and so doesn't need a generic * definition. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH #define arch_start_context_switch(prev) do {} while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_PFNMAP_TRACKING /* * Interfaces that can be used by architecture code to keep track of * memory type of pfn mappings specified by the remap_pfn_range, * vmf_insert_pfn. */ /* * track_pfn_remap is called when a _new_ pfn mapping is being established * by remap_pfn_range() for physical range indicated by pfn and size. */ static inline int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { return 0; } /* * track_pfn_insert is called when a _new_ single pfn is established * by vmf_insert_pfn(). */ static inline void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn) { } /* * track_pfn_copy is called when vma that is covering the pfnmap gets * copied through copy_page_range(). */ static inline int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return 0; } /* * untrack_pfn is called while unmapping a pfnmap for a region. * untrack can be called for a specific region indicated by pfn and size or * can be for the entire vma (in which case pfn, size are zero). */ static inline void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size) { } /* * untrack_pfn_moved is called while mremapping a pfnmap for a new region. */ static inline void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #else extern int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn); extern int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size); extern void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif #ifdef __HAVE_COLOR_ZERO_PAGE static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; unsigned long offset_from_zero_pfn = pfn - zero_pfn; return offset_from_zero_pfn <= (zero_page_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT); } #define my_zero_pfn(addr) page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(addr)) #else static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return pfn == zero_pfn; } static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return zero_pfn; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #ifndef pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pmd_write */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pud_write */ #if !defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP) || !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #if !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || \ (defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD)) static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* See pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad for discussion. */ static inline int pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { pud_t pudval = READ_ONCE(*pud); if (pud_none(pudval) || pud_trans_huge(pudval) || pud_devmap(pudval)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(pudval))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } /* See pmd_trans_unstable for discussion. */ static inline int pud_trans_unstable(pud_t *pud) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) return pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef pmd_read_atomic static inline pmd_t pmd_read_atomic(pmd_t *pmdp) { /* * Depend on compiler for an atomic pmd read. NOTE: this is * only going to work, if the pmdval_t isn't larger than * an unsigned long. */ return *pmdp; } #endif #ifndef arch_needs_pgtable_deposit #define arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() (false) #endif /* * This function is meant to be used by sites walking pagetables with * the mmap_lock held in read mode to protect against MADV_DONTNEED and * transhuge page faults. MADV_DONTNEED can convert a transhuge pmd * into a null pmd and the transhuge page fault can convert a null pmd * into an hugepmd or into a regular pmd (if the hugepage allocation * fails). While holding the mmap_lock in read mode the pmd becomes * stable and stops changing under us only if it's not null and not a * transhuge pmd. When those races occurs and this function makes a * difference vs the standard pmd_none_or_clear_bad, the result is * undefined so behaving like if the pmd was none is safe (because it * can return none anyway). The compiler level barrier() is critically * important to compute the two checks atomically on the same pmdval. * * For 32bit kernels with a 64bit large pmd_t this automatically takes * care of reading the pmd atomically to avoid SMP race conditions * against pmd_populate() when the mmap_lock is hold for reading by the * caller (a special atomic read not done by "gcc" as in the generic * version above, is also needed when THP is disabled because the page * fault can populate the pmd from under us). */ static inline int pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { pmd_t pmdval = pmd_read_atomic(pmd); /* * The barrier will stabilize the pmdval in a register or on * the stack so that it will stop changing under the code. * * When CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE=y on x86 32bit PAE, * pmd_read_atomic is allowed to return a not atomic pmdval * (for example pointing to an hugepage that has never been * mapped in the pmd). The below checks will only care about * the low part of the pmd with 32bit PAE x86 anyway, with the * exception of pmd_none(). So the important thing is that if * the low part of the pmd is found null, the high part will * be also null or the pmd_none() check below would be * confused. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE barrier(); #endif /* * !pmd_present() checks for pmd migration entries * * The complete check uses is_pmd_migration_entry() in linux/swapops.h * But using that requires moving current function and pmd_trans_unstable() * to linux/swapops.h to resovle dependency, which is too much code move. * * !pmd_present() is equivalent to is_pmd_migration_entry() currently, * because !pmd_present() pages can only be under migration not swapped * out. * * pmd_none() is preseved for future condition checks on pmd migration * entries and not confusing with this function name, although it is * redundant with !pmd_present(). */ if (pmd_none(pmdval) || pmd_trans_huge(pmdval) || (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION) && !pmd_present(pmdval))) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(pmdval))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } /* * This is a noop if Transparent Hugepage Support is not built into * the kernel. Otherwise it is equivalent to * pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(), and shall only be called in * places that already verified the pmd is not none and they want to * walk ptes while holding the mmap sem in read mode (write mode don't * need this). If THP is not enabled, the pmd can't go away under the * code even if MADV_DONTNEED runs, but if THP is enabled we need to * run a pmd_trans_unstable before walking the ptes after * split_huge_pmd returns (because it may have run when the pmd become * null, but then a page fault can map in a THP and not a regular page). */ static inline int pmd_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE return pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * Technically a PTE can be PROTNONE even when not doing NUMA balancing but * the only case the kernel cares is for NUMA balancing and is only ever set * when the VMA is accessible. For PROT_NONE VMAs, the PTEs are not marked * _PAGE_PROTNONE so by default, implement the helper as "always no". It * is the responsibility of the caller to distinguish between PROT_NONE * protections and NUMA hinting fault protections. */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d); #else static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } #endif /* !__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud); int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd); int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr); int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } static inline int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_FLUSH_PMD_TLB_RANGE #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * ARCHes with special requirements for evicting THP backing TLB entries can * implement this. Otherwise also, it can help optimize normal TLB flush in * THP regime. Stock flush_tlb_range() typically has optimization to nuke the * entire TLB if flush span is greater than a threshold, which will * likely be true for a single huge page. Thus a single THP flush will * invalidate the entire TLB which is not desirable. * e.g. see arch/arc: flush_pmd_tlb_range */ #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #else #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #endif #endif struct file; int phys_mem_access_prot_allowed(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t *vma_prot); #ifndef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64 static inline void init_espfix_bsp(void) { } #endif extern void __init pgtable_cache_init(void); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED static inline bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { return true; } static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return false; } #endif /* !_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED */ /* * Architecture PAGE_KERNEL_* fallbacks * * Some architectures don't define certain PAGE_KERNEL_* flags. This is either * because they really don't support them, or the port needs to be updated to * reflect the required functionality. Below are a set of relatively safe * fallbacks, as best effort, which we can count on in lieu of the architectures * not defining them on their own yet. */ #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_RO # define PAGE_KERNEL_RO PAGE_KERNEL #endif #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC # define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC PAGE_KERNEL #endif /* * Page Table Modification bits for pgtbl_mod_mask. * * These are used by the p?d_alloc_track*() set of functions an in the generic * vmalloc/ioremap code to track at which page-table levels entries have been * modified. Based on that the code can better decide when vmalloc and ioremap * mapping changes need to be synchronized to other page-tables in the system. */ #define __PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED 0 #define __PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED 1 #define __PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED 2 #define __PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED 3 #define __PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED 4 #define PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED) /* Page-Table Modification Mask */ typedef unsigned int pgtbl_mod_mask; #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #if !defined(MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT) #ifdef CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT /* * ZSMALLOC needs to know the highest PFN on 32-bit architectures * with physical address space extension, but falls back to * BITS_PER_LONG otherwise. */ #error Missing MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS definition #else #define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32 #endif #endif #ifndef has_transparent_hugepage #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define has_transparent_hugepage() 1 #else #define has_transparent_hugepage() 0 #endif #endif /* * On some architectures it depends on the mm if the p4d/pud or pmd * layer of the page table hierarchy is folded or not. */ #ifndef mm_p4d_folded #define mm_p4d_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pud_folded #define mm_pud_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pmd_folded #define mm_pmd_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef p4d_offset_lockless #define p4d_offset_lockless(pgdp, pgd, address) p4d_offset(&(pgd), address) #endif #ifndef pud_offset_lockless #define pud_offset_lockless(p4dp, p4d, address) pud_offset(&(p4d), address) #endif #ifndef pmd_offset_lockless #define pmd_offset_lockless(pudp, pud, address) pmd_offset(&(pud), address) #endif /* * p?d_leaf() - true if this entry is a final mapping to a physical address. * This differs from p?d_huge() by the fact that they are always available (if * the architecture supports large pages at the appropriate level) even * if CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE is not defined. * Only meaningful when called on a valid entry. */ #ifndef pgd_leaf #define pgd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef p4d_leaf #define p4d_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pud_leaf #define pud_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pmd_leaf #define pmd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #endif /* _LINUX_PGTABLE_H */
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Written by Mark Hemment, 1996 (markhe@nextd.demon.co.uk). * * (C) SGI 2006, Christoph Lameter * Cleaned up and restructured to ease the addition of alternative * implementations of SLAB allocators. * (C) Linux Foundation 2008-2013 * Unified interface for all slab allocators */ #ifndef _LINUX_SLAB_H #define _LINUX_SLAB_H #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> /* * Flags to pass to kmem_cache_create(). * The ones marked DEBUG are only valid if CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB is set. */ /* DEBUG: Perform (expensive) checks on alloc/free */ #define SLAB_CONSISTENCY_CHECKS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000100U) /* DEBUG: Red zone objs in a cache */ #define SLAB_RED_ZONE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000400U) /* DEBUG: Poison objects */ #define SLAB_POISON ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000800U) /* Align objs on cache lines */ #define SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00002000U) /* Use GFP_DMA memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00004000U) /* Use GFP_DMA32 memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00008000U) /* DEBUG: Store the last owner for bug hunting */ #define SLAB_STORE_USER ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00010000U) /* Panic if kmem_cache_create() fails */ #define SLAB_PANIC ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00040000U) /* * SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU - **WARNING** READ THIS! * * This delays freeing the SLAB page by a grace period, it does _NOT_ * delay object freeing. This means that if you do kmem_cache_free() * that memory location is free to be reused at any time. Thus it may * be possible to see another object there in the same RCU grace period. * * This feature only ensures the memory location backing the object * stays valid, the trick to using this is relying on an independent * object validation pass. Something like: * * rcu_read_lock() * again: * obj = lockless_lookup(key); * if (obj) { * if (!try_get_ref(obj)) // might fail for free objects * goto again; * * if (obj->key != key) { // not the object we expected * put_ref(obj); * goto again; * } * } * rcu_read_unlock(); * * This is useful if we need to approach a kernel structure obliquely, * from its address obtained without the usual locking. We can lock * the structure to stabilize it and check it's still at the given address, * only if we can be sure that the memory has not been meanwhile reused * for some other kind of object (which our subsystem's lock might corrupt). * * rcu_read_lock before reading the address, then rcu_read_unlock after * taking the spinlock within the structure expected at that address. * * Note that SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU was originally named SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU. */ /* Defer freeing slabs to RCU */ #define SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00080000U) /* Spread some memory over cpuset */ #define SLAB_MEM_SPREAD ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00100000U) /* Trace allocations and frees */ #define SLAB_TRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00200000U) /* Flag to prevent checks on free */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00400000U) #else # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS 0 #endif /* Avoid kmemleak tracing */ #define SLAB_NOLEAKTRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00800000U) /* Fault injection mark */ #ifdef CONFIG_FAILSLAB # define SLAB_FAILSLAB ((slab_flags_t __force)0x02000000U) #else # define SLAB_FAILSLAB 0 #endif /* Account to memcg */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM # define SLAB_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x04000000U) #else # define SLAB_ACCOUNT 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN #define SLAB_KASAN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x08000000U) #else #define SLAB_KASAN 0 #endif /* The following flags affect the page allocator grouping pages by mobility */ /* Objects are reclaimable */ #define SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00020000U) #define SLAB_TEMPORARY SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT /* Objects are short-lived */ /* Slab deactivation flag */ #define SLAB_DEACTIVATED ((slab_flags_t __force)0x10000000U) /* * ZERO_SIZE_PTR will be returned for zero sized kmalloc requests. * * Dereferencing ZERO_SIZE_PTR will lead to a distinct access fault. * * ZERO_SIZE_PTR can be passed to kfree though in the same way that NULL can. * Both make kfree a no-op. */ #define ZERO_SIZE_PTR ((void *)16) #define ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) <= \ (unsigned long)ZERO_SIZE_PTR) #include <linux/kasan.h> struct mem_cgroup; /* * struct kmem_cache related prototypes */ void __init kmem_cache_init(void); bool slab_is_available(void); extern bool usercopy_fallback; struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, void (*ctor)(void *)); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create_usercopy(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, unsigned int useroffset, unsigned int usersize, void (*ctor)(void *)); void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *); int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *); /* * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the * name of the structure and maybe some flags that are listed above. * * The alignment of the struct determines object alignment. If you * f.e. add ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp to the struct declaration * then the objects will be properly aligned in SMP configurations. */ #define KMEM_CACHE(__struct, __flags) \ kmem_cache_create(#__struct, sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), NULL) /* * To whitelist a single field for copying to/from usercopy, use this * macro instead for KMEM_CACHE() above. */ #define KMEM_CACHE_USERCOPY(__struct, __flags, __field) \ kmem_cache_create_usercopy(#__struct, \ sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), \ offsetof(struct __struct, __field), \ sizeof_field(struct __struct, __field), NULL) /* * Common kmalloc functions provided by all allocators */ void * __must_check krealloc(const void *, size_t, gfp_t); void kfree(const void *); void kfree_sensitive(const void *); size_t __ksize(const void *); size_t ksize(const void *); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HARDENED_USERCOPY_ALLOCATOR void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user); #else static inline void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user) { } #endif /* * Some archs want to perform DMA into kmalloc caches and need a guaranteed * alignment larger than the alignment of a 64-bit integer. * Setting ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN in arch headers allows that. */ #if defined(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) && ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN > 8 #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW ilog2(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) #else #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * Setting ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN in arch headers allows a different alignment. * Intended for arches that get misalignment faults even for 64 bit integer * aligned buffers. */ #ifndef ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN #define ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * kmalloc and friends return ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN aligned * pointers. kmem_cache_alloc and friends return ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN * aligned pointers. */ #define __assume_kmalloc_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN) #define __assume_slab_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN) #define __assume_page_alignment __assume_aligned(PAGE_SIZE) /* * Kmalloc array related definitions */ #ifdef CONFIG_SLAB /* * The largest kmalloc size supported by the SLAB allocators is * 32 megabyte (2^25) or the maximum allocatable page order if that is * less than 32 MB. * * WARNING: Its not easy to increase this value since the allocators have * to do various tricks to work around compiler limitations in order to * ensure proper constant folding. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH ((MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) <= 25 ? \ (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) : 25) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 5 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLUB /* * SLUB directly allocates requests fitting in to an order-1 page * (PAGE_SIZE*2). Larger requests are passed to the page allocator. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH (PAGE_SHIFT + 1) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLOB /* * SLOB passes all requests larger than one page to the page allocator. * No kmalloc array is necessary since objects of different sizes can * be allocated from the same page. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH PAGE_SHIFT #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif /* Maximum allocatable size */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX) /* Maximum size for which we actually use a slab cache */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH) /* Maximum order allocatable via the slab allocator */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_ORDER (KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX - PAGE_SHIFT) /* * Kmalloc subsystem. */ #ifndef KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE (1 << KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW) #endif /* * This restriction comes from byte sized index implementation. * Page size is normally 2^12 bytes and, in this case, if we want to use * byte sized index which can represent 2^8 entries, the size of the object * should be equal or greater to 2^12 / 2^8 = 2^4 = 16. * If minimum size of kmalloc is less than 16, we use it as minimum object * size and give up to use byte sized index. */ #define SLAB_OBJ_MIN_SIZE (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE < 16 ? \ (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) : 16) /* * Whenever changing this, take care of that kmalloc_type() and * create_kmalloc_caches() still work as intended. */ enum kmalloc_cache_type { KMALLOC_NORMAL = 0, KMALLOC_RECLAIM, #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA KMALLOC_DMA, #endif NR_KMALLOC_TYPES }; #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB extern struct kmem_cache * kmalloc_caches[NR_KMALLOC_TYPES][KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH + 1]; static __always_inline enum kmalloc_cache_type kmalloc_type(gfp_t flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA /* * The most common case is KMALLOC_NORMAL, so test for it * with a single branch for both flags. */ if (likely((flags & (__GFP_DMA | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE)) == 0)) return KMALLOC_NORMAL; /* * At least one of the flags has to be set. If both are, __GFP_DMA * is more important. */ return flags & __GFP_DMA ? KMALLOC_DMA : KMALLOC_RECLAIM; #else return flags & __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ? KMALLOC_RECLAIM : KMALLOC_NORMAL; #endif } /* * Figure out which kmalloc slab an allocation of a certain size * belongs to. * 0 = zero alloc * 1 = 65 .. 96 bytes * 2 = 129 .. 192 bytes * n = 2^(n-1)+1 .. 2^n */ static __always_inline unsigned int kmalloc_index(size_t size) { if (!size) return 0; if (size <= KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) return KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 32 && size > 64 && size <= 96) return 1; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64 && size > 128 && size <= 192) return 2; if (size <= 8) return 3; if (size <= 16) return 4; if (size <= 32) return 5; if (size <= 64) return 6; if (size <= 128) return 7; if (size <= 256) return 8; if (size <= 512) return 9; if (size <= 1024) return 10; if (size <= 2 * 1024) return 11; if (size <= 4 * 1024) return 12; if (size <= 8 * 1024) return 13; if (size <= 16 * 1024) return 14; if (size <= 32 * 1024) return 15; if (size <= 64 * 1024) return 16; if (size <= 128 * 1024) return 17; if (size <= 256 * 1024) return 18; if (size <= 512 * 1024) return 19; if (size <= 1024 * 1024) return 20; if (size <= 2 * 1024 * 1024) return 21; if (size <= 4 * 1024 * 1024) return 22; if (size <= 8 * 1024 * 1024) return 23; if (size <= 16 * 1024 * 1024) return 24; if (size <= 32 * 1024 * 1024) return 25; if (size <= 64 * 1024 * 1024) return 26; BUG(); /* Will never be reached. Needed because the compiler may complain */ return -1; } #endif /* !CONFIG_SLOB */ void *__kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; void kmem_cache_free(struct kmem_cache *, void *); /* * Bulk allocation and freeing operations. These are accelerated in an * allocator specific way to avoid taking locks repeatedly or building * metadata structures unnecessarily. * * Note that interrupts must be enabled when calling these functions. */ void kmem_cache_free_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, size_t, void **); int kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t, void **); /* * Caller must not use kfree_bulk() on memory not originally allocated * by kmalloc(), because the SLOB allocator cannot handle this. */ static __always_inline void kfree_bulk(size_t size, void **p) { kmem_cache_free_bulk(NULL, size, p); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { return kmem_cache_alloc_trace(s, gfpflags, size); } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #else /* CONFIG_TRACING */ static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, flags); return ret; } static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, gfpflags); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ extern void *kmalloc_order(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) { return kmalloc_order(size, flags, order); } #endif static __always_inline void *kmalloc_large(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { unsigned int order = get_order(size); return kmalloc_order_trace(size, flags, order); } /** * kmalloc - allocate memory * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * kmalloc is the normal method of allocating memory * for objects smaller than page size in the kernel. * * The allocated object address is aligned to at least ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN * bytes. For @size of power of two bytes, the alignment is also guaranteed * to be at least to the size. * * The @flags argument may be one of the GFP flags defined at * include/linux/gfp.h and described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst <mm-api-gfp-flags>` * * The recommended usage of the @flags is described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/memory-allocation.rst <memory_allocation>` * * Below is a brief outline of the most useful GFP flags * * %GFP_KERNEL * Allocate normal kernel ram. May sleep. * * %GFP_NOWAIT * Allocation will not sleep. * * %GFP_ATOMIC * Allocation will not sleep. May use emergency pools. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER * Allocate memory from high memory on behalf of user. * * Also it is possible to set different flags by OR'ing * in one or more of the following additional @flags: * * %__GFP_HIGH * This allocation has high priority and may use emergency pools. * * %__GFP_NOFAIL * Indicate that this allocation is in no way allowed to fail * (think twice before using). * * %__GFP_NORETRY * If memory is not immediately available, * then give up at once. * * %__GFP_NOWARN * If allocation fails, don't issue any warnings. * * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * Try really hard to succeed the allocation but fail * eventually. */ static __always_inline void *kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB unsigned int index; #endif if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) return kmalloc_large(size, flags); #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB index = kmalloc_index(size); if (!index) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][index], flags, size); #endif } return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && size <= KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) { unsigned int i = kmalloc_index(size); if (!i) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][i], flags, node, size); } #endif return __kmalloc_node(size, flags, node); } /** * kmalloc_array - allocate memory for an array. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size)) return kmalloc(bytes, flags); return __kmalloc(bytes, flags); } /** * kcalloc - allocate memory for an array. The memory is set to zero. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /* * kmalloc_track_c