1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KBD_KERN_H #define _KBD_KERN_H #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/keyboard.h> extern struct tasklet_struct keyboard_tasklet; extern char *func_table[MAX_NR_FUNC]; extern char func_buf[]; extern char *funcbufptr; extern int funcbufsize, funcbufleft; /* * kbd->xxx contains the VC-local things (flag settings etc..) * * Note: externally visible are LED_SCR, LED_NUM, LED_CAP defined in kd.h * The code in KDGETLED / KDSETLED depends on the internal and * external order being the same. * * Note: lockstate is used as index in the array key_map. */ struct kbd_struct { unsigned char lockstate; /* 8 modifiers - the names do not have any meaning at all; they can be associated to arbitrarily chosen keys */ #define VC_SHIFTLOCK KG_SHIFT /* shift lock mode */ #define VC_ALTGRLOCK KG_ALTGR /* altgr lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLLOCK KG_CTRL /* control lock mode */ #define VC_ALTLOCK KG_ALT /* alt lock mode */ #define VC_SHIFTLLOCK KG_SHIFTL /* shiftl lock mode */ #define VC_SHIFTRLOCK KG_SHIFTR /* shiftr lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLLLOCK KG_CTRLL /* ctrll lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLRLOCK KG_CTRLR /* ctrlr lock mode */ unsigned char slockstate; /* for `sticky' Shift, Ctrl, etc. */ unsigned char ledmode:1; #define LED_SHOW_FLAGS 0 /* traditional state */ #define LED_SHOW_IOCTL 1 /* only change leds upon ioctl */ unsigned char ledflagstate:4; /* flags, not lights */ unsigned char default_ledflagstate:4; #define VC_SCROLLOCK 0 /* scroll-lock mode */ #define VC_NUMLOCK 1 /* numeric lock mode */ #define VC_CAPSLOCK 2 /* capslock mode */ #define VC_KANALOCK 3 /* kanalock mode */ unsigned char kbdmode:3; /* one 3-bit value */ #define VC_XLATE 0 /* translate keycodes using keymap */ #define VC_MEDIUMRAW 1 /* medium raw (keycode) mode */ #define VC_RAW 2 /* raw (scancode) mode */ #define VC_UNICODE 3 /* Unicode mode */ #define VC_OFF 4 /* disabled mode */ unsigned char modeflags:5; #define VC_APPLIC 0 /* application key mode */ #define VC_CKMODE 1 /* cursor key mode */ #define VC_REPEAT 2 /* keyboard repeat */ #define VC_CRLF 3 /* 0 - enter sends CR, 1 - enter sends CRLF */ #define VC_META 4 /* 0 - meta, 1 - meta=prefix with ESC */ }; extern int kbd_init(void); extern void setledstate(struct kbd_struct *kbd, unsigned int led); extern int do_poke_blanked_console; extern void (*kbd_ledfunc)(unsigned int led); extern int set_console(int nr); extern void schedule_console_callback(void); /* FIXME: review locking for vt.c callers */ static inline void set_leds(void) { tasklet_schedule(&keyboard_tasklet); } static inline int vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { return ((kbd->modeflags >> flag) & 1); } static inline int vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { return ((kbd->ledflagstate >> flag) & 1); } static inline void set_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags |= 1 << flag; } static inline void set_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate |= 1 << flag; } static inline void clr_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags &= ~(1 << flag); } static inline void clr_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate &= ~(1 << flag); } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_lock(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->lockstate ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_slock(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->slockstate ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate ^= 1 << flag; } #define U(x) ((x) ^ 0xf000) #define BRL_UC_ROW 0x2800 /* keyboard.c */ struct console; void compute_shiftstate(void); /* defkeymap.c */ extern unsigned int keymap_count; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * net/dst.h Protocol independent destination cache definitions. * * Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> * */ #ifndef _NET_DST_H #define _NET_DST_H #include <net/dst_ops.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> #include <asm/processor.h> struct sk_buff; struct dst_entry { struct net_device *dev; struct dst_ops *ops; unsigned long _metrics; unsigned long expires; #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct xfrm_state *xfrm; #else void *__pad1; #endif int (*input)(struct sk_buff *); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); unsigned short flags; #define DST_NOXFRM 0x0002 #define DST_NOPOLICY 0x0004 #define DST_NOCOUNT 0x0008 #define DST_FAKE_RTABLE 0x0010 #define DST_XFRM_TUNNEL 0x0020 #define DST_XFRM_QUEUE 0x0040 #define DST_METADATA 0x0080 /* A non-zero value of dst->obsolete forces by-hand validation * of the route entry. Positive values are set by the generic * dst layer to indicate that the entry has been forcefully * destroyed. * * Negative values are used by the implementation layer code to * force invocation of the dst_ops->check() method. */ short obsolete; #define DST_OBSOLETE_NONE 0 #define DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD 2 #define DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK -1 #define DST_OBSOLETE_KILL -2 unsigned short header_len; /* more space at head required */ unsigned short trailer_len; /* space to reserve at tail */ /* * __refcnt wants to be on a different cache line from * input/output/ops or performance tanks badly */ #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 64-bit offset 64 */ #endif int __use; unsigned long lastuse; struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate; struct rcu_head rcu_head; short error; short __pad; __u32 tclassid; #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 32-bit offset 64 */ #endif }; struct dst_metrics { u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; refcount_t refcnt; } __aligned(4); /* Low pointer bits contain DST_METRICS_FLAGS */ extern const struct dst_metrics dst_default_metrics; u32 *dst_cow_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); #define DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY 0x1UL #define DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED 0x2UL #define DST_METRICS_FLAGS 0x3UL #define __DST_METRICS_PTR(Y) \ ((u32 *)((Y) & ~DST_METRICS_FLAGS)) #define DST_METRICS_PTR(X) __DST_METRICS_PTR((X)->_metrics) static inline bool dst_metrics_read_only(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->_metrics & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY; } void __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); static inline void dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long val = dst->_metrics; if (!(val & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY)) __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(dst, val); } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_write_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long p = dst->_metrics; BUG_ON(!p); if (p & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY) return dst->ops->cow_metrics(dst, p); return __DST_METRICS_PTR(p); } /* This may only be invoked before the entry has reached global * visibility. */ static inline void dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, const u32 *src_metrics, bool read_only) { dst->_metrics = ((unsigned long) src_metrics) | (read_only ? DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY : 0); } static inline void dst_copy_metrics(struct dst_entry *dest, const struct dst_entry *src) { u32 *dst_metrics = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dest); if (dst_metrics) { u32 *src_metrics = DST_METRICS_PTR(src); memcpy(dst_metrics, src_metrics, RTAX_MAX * sizeof(u32)); } } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { return DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); } static inline u32 dst_metric_raw(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { u32 *p = DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); return p[metric-1]; } static inline u32 dst_metric(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { WARN_ON_ONCE(metric == RTAX_HOPLIMIT || metric == RTAX_ADVMSS || metric == RTAX_MTU); return dst_metric_raw(dst, metric); } static inline u32 dst_metric_advmss(const struct dst_entry *dst) { u32 advmss = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_ADVMSS); if (!advmss) advmss = dst->ops->default_advmss(dst); return advmss; } static inline void dst_metric_set(struct dst_entry *dst, int metric, u32 val) { u32 *p = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dst); if (p) p[metric-1] = val; } /* Kernel-internal feature bits that are unallocated in user space. */ #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA (1U << 31) #define DST_FEATURE_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA) #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA | RTAX_FEATURE_ECN) static inline u32 dst_feature(const struct dst_entry *dst, u32 feature) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_FEATURES) & feature; } static inline u32 dst_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->ops->mtu(dst); } /* RTT metrics are stored in milliseconds for user ABI, but used as jiffies */ static inline unsigned long dst_metric_rtt(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return msecs_to_jiffies(dst_metric(dst, metric)); } static inline u32 dst_allfrag(const struct dst_entry *dst) { int ret = dst_feature(dst, RTAX_FEATURE_ALLFRAG); return ret; } static inline int dst_metric_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_LOCK) & (1 << metric); } static inline void dst_hold(struct dst_entry *dst) { /* * If your kernel compilation stops here, please check * the placement of __refcnt in struct dst_entry */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct dst_entry, __refcnt) & 63); WARN_ON(atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt) == 0); } static inline void dst_use_noref(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { if (unlikely(time != dst->lastuse)) { dst->__use++; dst->lastuse = time; } } static inline void dst_hold_and_use(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { dst_hold(dst); dst_use_noref(dst, time); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_clone(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (dst) dst_hold(dst); return dst; } void dst_release(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_release_immediate(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void refdst_drop(unsigned long refdst) { if (!(refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_release((struct dst_entry *)(refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK)); } /** * skb_dst_drop - drops skb dst * @skb: buffer * * Drops dst reference count if a reference was taken. */ static inline void skb_dst_drop(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->_skb_refdst) { refdst_drop(skb->_skb_refdst); skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } } static inline void __skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, unsigned long refdst) { nskb->_skb_refdst = refdst; if (!(nskb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_clone(skb_dst(nskb)); } static inline void skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, const struct sk_buff *oskb) { __skb_dst_copy(nskb, oskb->_skb_refdst); } /** * dst_hold_safe - Take a reference on a dst if possible * @dst: pointer to dst entry * * This helper returns false if it could not safely * take a reference on a dst. */ static inline bool dst_hold_safe(struct dst_entry *dst) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt); } /** * skb_dst_force - makes sure skb dst is refcounted * @skb: buffer * * If dst is not yet refcounted and not destroyed, grab a ref on it. * Returns true if dst is refcounted. */ static inline bool skb_dst_force(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_dst_is_noref(skb)) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held()); if (!dst_hold_safe(dst)) dst = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } return skb->_skb_refdst != 0UL; } /** * __skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups. (no accounting done) */ static inline void __skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { skb->dev = dev; /* * Clear hash so that we can recalulate the hash for the * encapsulated packet, unless we have already determine the hash * over the L4 4-tuple. */ skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(skb); skb_set_queue_mapping(skb, 0); skb_scrub_packet(skb, !net_eq(net, dev_net(dev))); } /** * skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups, and perform accounting. * Note: this accounting is not SMP safe. */ static inline void skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { /* TODO : stats should be SMP safe */ dev->stats.rx_packets++; dev->stats.rx_bytes += skb->len; __skb_tunnel_rx(skb, dev, net); } static inline u32 dst_tclassid(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID const struct dst_entry *dst; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst) return dst->tclassid; #endif return 0; } int dst_discard_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int dst_discard(struct sk_buff *skb) { return dst_discard_out(&init_net, skb->sk, skb); } void *dst_alloc(struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); void dst_init(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); struct dst_entry *dst_destroy(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_dev_put(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void dst_confirm(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { struct neighbour *n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, NULL, daddr); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup_skb(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct neighbour *n = NULL; /* The packets from tunnel devices (eg bareudp) may have only * metadata in the dst pointer of skb. Hence a pointer check of * neigh_lookup is needed. */ if (dst->ops->neigh_lookup) n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, skb, NULL); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline void dst_confirm_neigh(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { if (dst->ops->confirm_neigh) dst->ops->confirm_neigh(dst, daddr); } static inline void dst_link_failure(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops && dst->ops->link_failure) dst->ops->link_failure(skb); } static inline void dst_set_expires(struct dst_entry *dst, int timeout) { unsigned long expires = jiffies + timeout; if (expires == 0) expires = 1; if (dst->expires == 0 || time_before(expires, dst->expires)) dst->expires = expires; } /* Output packet to network from transport. */ static inline int dst_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->output(net, sk, skb); } /* Input packet from network to transport. */ static inline int dst_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->input(skb); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie) { if (dst->obsolete) dst = dst->ops->check(dst, cookie); return dst; } /* Flags for xfrm_lookup flags argument. */ enum { XFRM_LOOKUP_ICMP = 1 << 0, XFRM_LOOKUP_QUEUE = 1 << 1, XFRM_LOOKUP_KEEP_DST_REF = 1 << 2, }; struct flowi; #ifndef CONFIG_XFRM static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry * xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return NULL; } #else struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); /* skb attached with this dst needs transformation if dst->xfrm is valid */ static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->xfrm; } #endif static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, true); } /* update dst pmtu but not do neighbor confirm */ static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu_no_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, false); } struct dst_entry *dst_blackhole_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie); void dst_blackhole_update_pmtu(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void dst_blackhole_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 *dst_blackhole_cow_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); struct neighbour *dst_blackhole_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); unsigned int dst_blackhole_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst); #endif /* _NET_DST_H */
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2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 2386 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the TCP module. * * Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.5 05/23/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _TCP_H #define _TCP_H #define FASTRETRANS_DEBUG 1 #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h> #include <net/inet_hashtables.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> #include <net/sock_reuseport.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/inet_ecn.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/mptcp.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/bpf-cgroup.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> extern struct inet_hashinfo tcp_hashinfo; extern struct percpu_counter tcp_orphan_count; void tcp_time_wait(struct sock *sk, int state, int timeo); #define MAX_TCP_HEADER L1_CACHE_ALIGN(128 + MAX_HEADER) #define MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE 40 #define TCP_MIN_SND_MSS 48 #define TCP_MIN_GSO_SIZE (TCP_MIN_SND_MSS - MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE) /* * Never offer a window over 32767 without using window scaling. Some * poor stacks do signed 16bit maths! */ #define MAX_TCP_WINDOW 32767U /* Minimal accepted MSS. It is (60+60+8) - (20+20). */ #define TCP_MIN_MSS 88U /* The initial MTU to use for probing */ #define TCP_BASE_MSS 1024 /* probing interval, default to 10 minutes as per RFC4821 */ #define TCP_PROBE_INTERVAL 600 /* Specify interval when tcp mtu probing will stop */ #define TCP_PROBE_THRESHOLD 8 /* After receiving this amount of duplicate ACKs fast retransmit starts. */ #define TCP_FASTRETRANS_THRESH 3 /* Maximal number of ACKs sent quickly to accelerate slow-start. */ #define TCP_MAX_QUICKACKS 16U /* Maximal number of window scale according to RFC1323 */ #define TCP_MAX_WSCALE 14U /* urg_data states */ #define TCP_URG_VALID 0x0100 #define TCP_URG_NOTYET 0x0200 #define TCP_URG_READ 0x0400 #define TCP_RETR1 3 /* * This is how many retries it does before it * tries to figure out if the gateway is * down. Minimal RFC value is 3; it corresponds * to ~3sec-8min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_RETR2 15 /* * This should take at least * 90 minutes to time out. * RFC1122 says that the limit is 100 sec. * 15 is ~13-30min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_SYN_RETRIES 6 /* This is how many retries are done * when active opening a connection. * RFC1122 says the minimum retry MUST * be at least 180secs. Nevertheless * this value is corresponding to * 63secs of retransmission with the * current initial RTO. */ #define TCP_SYNACK_RETRIES 5 /* This is how may retries are done * when passive opening a connection. * This is corresponding to 31secs of * retransmission with the current * initial RTO. */ #define TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN (60*HZ) /* how long to wait to destroy TIME-WAIT * state, about 60 seconds */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN /* BSD style FIN_WAIT2 deadlock breaker. * It used to be 3min, new value is 60sec, * to combine FIN-WAIT-2 timeout with * TIME-WAIT timer. */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT_MAX (120 * HZ) /* max TCP_LINGER2 value (two minutes) */ #define TCP_DELACK_MAX ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) /* maximal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #if HZ >= 100 #define TCP_DELACK_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) /* minimal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #define TCP_ATO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) #else #define TCP_DELACK_MIN 4U #define TCP_ATO_MIN 4U #endif #define TCP_RTO_MAX ((unsigned)(120*HZ)) #define TCP_RTO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) #define TCP_TIMEOUT_MIN (2U) /* Min timeout for TCP timers in jiffies */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT ((unsigned)(1*HZ)) /* RFC6298 2.1 initial RTO value */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_FALLBACK ((unsigned)(3*HZ)) /* RFC 1122 initial RTO value, now * used as a fallback RTO for the * initial data transmission if no * valid RTT sample has been acquired, * most likely due to retrans in 3WHS. */ #define TCP_RESOURCE_PROBE_INTERVAL ((unsigned)(HZ/2U)) /* Maximal interval between probes * for local resources. */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_TIME (120*60*HZ) /* two hours */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_PROBES 9 /* Max of 9 keepalive probes */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_INTVL (75*HZ) #define MAX_TCP_KEEPIDLE 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPINTVL 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPCNT 127 #define MAX_TCP_SYNCNT 127 #define TCP_SYNQ_INTERVAL (HZ/5) /* Period of SYNACK timer */ #define TCP_PAWS_24DAYS (60 * 60 * 24 * 24) #define TCP_PAWS_MSL 60 /* Per-host timestamps are invalidated * after this time. It should be equal * (or greater than) TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN * to provide reliability equal to one * provided by timewait state. */ #define TCP_PAWS_WINDOW 1 /* Replay window for per-host * timestamps. It must be less than * minimal timewait lifetime. */ /* * TCP option */ #define TCPOPT_NOP 1 /* Padding */ #define TCPOPT_EOL 0 /* End of options */ #define TCPOPT_MSS 2 /* Segment size negotiating */ #define TCPOPT_WINDOW 3 /* Window scaling */ #define TCPOPT_SACK_PERM 4 /* SACK Permitted */ #define TCPOPT_SACK 5 /* SACK Block */ #define TCPOPT_TIMESTAMP 8 /* Better RTT estimations/PAWS */ #define TCPOPT_MD5SIG 19 /* MD5 Signature (RFC2385) */ #define TCPOPT_MPTCP 30 /* Multipath TCP (RFC6824) */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN 34 /* Fast open (RFC7413) */ #define TCPOPT_EXP 254 /* Experimental */ /* Magic number to be after the option value for sharing TCP * experimental options. See draft-ietf-tcpm-experimental-options-00.txt */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN_MAGIC 0xF989 #define TCPOPT_SMC_MAGIC 0xE2D4C3D9 /* * TCP option lengths */ #define TCPOLEN_MSS 4 #define TCPOLEN_WINDOW 3 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERM 2 #define TCPOLEN_TIMESTAMP 10 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG 18 #define TCPOLEN_FASTOPEN_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_FASTOPEN_BASE 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE 6 /* But this is what stacks really send out. */ #define TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED 12 #define TCPOLEN_WSCALE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACKPERM_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK 8 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED 20 #define TCPOLEN_MSS_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE_ALIGNED 8 /* Flags in tp->nonagle */ #define TCP_NAGLE_OFF 1 /* Nagle's algo is disabled */ #define TCP_NAGLE_CORK 2 /* Socket is corked */ #define TCP_NAGLE_PUSH 4 /* Cork is overridden for already queued data */ /* TCP thin-stream limits */ #define TCP_THIN_LINEAR_RETRIES 6 /* After 6 linear retries, do exp. backoff */ /* TCP initial congestion window as per rfc6928 */ #define TCP_INIT_CWND 10 /* Bit Flags for sysctl_tcp_fastopen */ #define TFO_CLIENT_ENABLE 1 #define TFO_SERVER_ENABLE 2 #define TFO_CLIENT_NO_COOKIE 4 /* Data in SYN w/o cookie option */ /* Accept SYN data w/o any cookie option */ #define TFO_SERVER_COOKIE_NOT_REQD 0x200 /* Force enable TFO on all listeners, i.e., not requiring the * TCP_FASTOPEN socket option. */ #define TFO_SERVER_WO_SOCKOPT1 0x400 /* sysctl variables for tcp */ extern int sysctl_tcp_max_orphans; extern long sysctl_tcp_mem[3]; #define TCP_RACK_LOSS_DETECTION 0x1 /* Use RACK to detect losses */ #define TCP_RACK_STATIC_REO_WND 0x2 /* Use static RACK reo wnd */ #define TCP_RACK_NO_DUPTHRESH 0x4 /* Do not use DUPACK threshold in RACK */ extern atomic_long_t tcp_memory_allocated; extern struct percpu_counter tcp_sockets_allocated; extern unsigned long tcp_memory_pressure; /* optimized version of sk_under_memory_pressure() for TCP sockets */ static inline bool tcp_under_memory_pressure(const struct sock *sk) { if (mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled && sk->sk_memcg && mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(sk->sk_memcg)) return true; return READ_ONCE(tcp_memory_pressure); } /* * The next routines deal with comparing 32 bit unsigned ints * and worry about wraparound (automatic with unsigned arithmetic). */ static inline bool before(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2) { return (__s32)(seq1-seq2) < 0; } #define after(seq2, seq1) before(seq1, seq2) /* is s2<=s1<=s3 ? */ static inline bool between(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2, __u32 seq3) { return seq3 - seq2 >= seq1 - seq2; } static inline bool tcp_out_of_memory(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_wmem_queued > SOCK_MIN_SNDBUF && sk_memory_allocated(sk) > sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 2)) return true; return false; } void sk_forced_mem_schedule(struct sock *sk, int size); static inline bool tcp_too_many_orphans(struct sock *sk, int shift) { struct percpu_counter *ocp = sk->sk_prot->orphan_count; int orphans = percpu_counter_read_positive(ocp); if (orphans << shift > sysctl_tcp_max_orphans) { orphans = percpu_counter_sum_positive(ocp); if (orphans << shift > sysctl_tcp_max_orphans) return true; } return false; } bool tcp_check_oom(struct sock *sk, int shift); extern struct proto tcp_prot; #define TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define __TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_DEC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_DEC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field, val) void tcp_tasklet_init(void); int tcp_v4_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32); void tcp_shutdown(struct sock *sk, int how); int tcp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_tw_remember_stamp(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw); int tcp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendmsg_locked(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendpage(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_sendpage_locked(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); ssize_t do_tcp_sendpages(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_send_mss(struct sock *sk, int *size_goal, int flags); void tcp_push(struct sock *sk, int flags, int mss_now, int nonagle, int size_goal); void tcp_release_cb(struct sock *sk); void tcp_wfree(struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_write_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); void tcp_delack_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); int tcp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int tcp_rcv_state_process(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_established(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_space_adjust(struct sock *sk); int tcp_twsk_unique(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sktw, void *twp); void tcp_twsk_destructor(struct sock *sk); ssize_t tcp_splice_read(struct socket *sk, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags); void tcp_enter_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, unsigned int max_quickacks); static inline void tcp_dec_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, const unsigned int pkts) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { if (pkts >= icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { icsk->icsk_ack.quick = 0; /* Leaving quickack mode we deflate ATO. */ icsk->icsk_ack.ato = TCP_ATO_MIN; } else icsk->icsk_ack.quick -= pkts; } } #define TCP_ECN_OK 1 #define TCP_ECN_QUEUE_CWR 2 #define TCP_ECN_DEMAND_CWR 4 #define TCP_ECN_SEEN 8 enum tcp_tw_status { TCP_TW_SUCCESS = 0, TCP_TW_RST = 1, TCP_TW_ACK = 2, TCP_TW_SYN = 3 }; enum tcp_tw_status tcp_timewait_state_process(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th); struct sock *tcp_check_req(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, bool fastopen, bool *lost_race); int tcp_child_process(struct sock *parent, struct sock *child, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_enter_loss(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cwnd_reduction(struct sock *sk, int newly_acked_sacked, int flag); void tcp_clear_retrans(struct tcp_sock *tp); void tcp_update_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_metrics_init(void); bool tcp_peer_is_proven(struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout); void tcp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_transfer(struct sock *sk, int bpf_op, struct sk_buff *skb); __poll_t tcp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int tcp_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int tcp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); void tcp_set_keepalive(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_syn_ack_timeout(const struct request_sock *req); int tcp_recvmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int nonblock, int flags, int *addr_len); int tcp_set_rcvlowat(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_data_ready(struct sock *sk); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU int tcp_mmap(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif void tcp_parse_options(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcp_options_received *opt_rx, int estab, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc); const u8 *tcp_parse_md5sig_option(const struct tcphdr *th); /* * BPF SKB-less helpers */ u16 tcp_v4_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct iphdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_v6_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6hdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_get_syncookie_mss(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops, const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_ops, struct sock *sk, struct tcphdr *th); /* * TCP v4 functions exported for the inet6 API */ void tcp_v4_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_v4_mtu_reduced(struct sock *sk); void tcp_req_err(struct sock *sk, u32 seq, bool abort); void tcp_ld_RTO_revert(struct sock *sk, u32 seq); int tcp_v4_conn_request(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *tcp_create_openreq_child(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_ca_openreq_child(struct sock *sk, const struct dst_entry *dst); struct sock *tcp_v4_syn_recv_sock(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req_unhash, bool *own_req); int tcp_v4_do_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int tcp_connect(struct sock *sk); enum tcp_synack_type { TCP_SYNACK_NORMAL, TCP_SYNACK_FASTOPEN, TCP_SYNACK_COOKIE, }; struct sk_buff *tcp_make_synack(const struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, enum tcp_synack_type synack_type, struct sk_buff *syn_skb); int tcp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); void tcp_finish_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_send_rcvq(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); void inet_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* From syncookies.c */ struct sock *tcp_get_cookie_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, u32 tsoff); int __cookie_v4_check(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v4_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct request_sock *cookie_tcp_reqsk_alloc(const struct request_sock_ops *ops, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES /* Syncookies use a monotonic timer which increments every 60 seconds. * This counter is used both as a hash input and partially encoded into * the cookie value. A cookie is only validated further if the delta * between the current counter value and the encoded one is less than this, * i.e. a sent cookie is valid only at most for 2*60 seconds (or less if * the counter advances immediately after a cookie is generated). */ #define MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE 2 #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD (60 * HZ) #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID (MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE * TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD) /* syncookies: remember time of last synqueue overflow * But do not dirty this field too often (once per second is enough) * It is racy as we do not hold a lock, but race is very minor. */ static inline void tcp_synq_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts, now); return; } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp, now); } /* syncookies: no recent synqueue overflow on this listening socket? */ static inline bool tcp_synq_no_recent_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); /* If last_overflow <= jiffies <= last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID, * then we're under synflood. However, we have to use * 'last_overflow - HZ' as lower bound. That's because a concurrent * tcp_synq_overflow() could update .ts_recent_stamp after we read * jiffies but before we store .ts_recent_stamp into last_overflow, * which could lead to rejecting a valid syncookie. */ return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } static inline u32 tcp_cookie_time(void) { u64 val = get_jiffies_64(); do_div(val, TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD); return val; } u32 __cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); u64 cookie_init_timestamp(struct request_sock *req, u64 now); bool cookie_timestamp_decode(const struct net *net, struct tcp_options_received *opt); bool cookie_ecn_ok(const struct tcp_options_received *opt, const struct net *net, const struct dst_entry *dst); /* From net/ipv6/syncookies.c */ int __cookie_v6_check(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v6_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); #endif /* tcp_output.c */ void __tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, unsigned int cur_mss, int nonagle); int __tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); int tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); void tcp_retransmit_timer(struct sock *sk); void tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue(struct sock *); void tcp_simple_retransmit(struct sock *); void tcp_enter_recovery(struct sock *sk, bool ece_ack); int tcp_trim_head(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *, u32); enum tcp_queue { TCP_FRAG_IN_WRITE_QUEUE, TCP_FRAG_IN_RTX_QUEUE, }; int tcp_fragment(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_queue tcp_queue, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len, unsigned int mss_now, gfp_t gfp); void tcp_send_probe0(struct sock *); void tcp_send_partial(struct sock *); int tcp_write_wakeup(struct sock *, int mib); void tcp_send_fin(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_active_reset(struct sock *sk, gfp_t priority); int tcp_send_synack(struct sock *); void tcp_push_one(struct sock *, unsigned int mss_now); void __tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk, u32 rcv_nxt); void tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_delayed_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_loss_probe(struct sock *sk); bool tcp_schedule_loss_probe(struct sock *sk, bool advancing_rto); void tcp_skb_collapse_tstamp(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff *next_skb); /* tcp_input.c */ void tcp_rearm_rto(struct sock *sk); void tcp_synack_rtt_meas(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void tcp_reset(struct sock *sk); void tcp_skb_mark_lost_uncond_verify(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_fin(struct sock *sk); /* tcp_timer.c */ void tcp_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *); static inline void tcp_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk) { if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->pacing_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->compressed_ack_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); inet_csk_clear_xmit_timers(sk); } unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu); unsigned int tcp_current_mss(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_clamp_probe0_to_user_timeout(const struct sock *sk, u32 when); /* Bound MSS / TSO packet size with the half of the window */ static inline int tcp_bound_to_half_wnd(struct tcp_sock *tp, int pktsize) { int cutoff; /* When peer uses tiny windows, there is no use in packetizing * to sub-MSS pieces for the sake of SWS or making sure there * are enough packets in the pipe for fast recovery. * * On the other hand, for extremely large MSS devices, handling * smaller than MSS windows in this way does make sense. */ if (tp->max_window > TCP_MSS_DEFAULT) cutoff = (tp->max_window >> 1); else cutoff = tp->max_window; if (cutoff && pktsize > cutoff) return max_t(int, cutoff, 68U - tp->tcp_header_len); else return pktsize; } /* tcp.c */ void tcp_get_info(struct sock *, struct tcp_info *); /* Read 'sendfile()'-style from a TCP socket */ int tcp_read_sock(struct sock *sk, read_descriptor_t *desc, sk_read_actor_t recv_actor); void tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(struct sock *sk); int tcp_mtu_to_mss(struct sock *sk, int pmtu); int tcp_mss_to_mtu(struct sock *sk, int mss); void tcp_mtup_init(struct sock *sk); static inline void tcp_bound_rto(const struct sock *sk) { if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto > TCP_RTO_MAX) inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto = TCP_RTO_MAX; } static inline u32 __tcp_set_rto(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return usecs_to_jiffies((tp->srtt_us >> 3) + tp->rttvar_us); } static inline void __tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 snd_wnd) { /* mptcp hooks are only on the slow path */ if (sk_is_mptcp((struct sock *)tp)) return; tp->pred_flags = htonl((tp->tcp_header_len << 26) | ntohl(TCP_FLAG_ACK) | snd_wnd); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp) { __tcp_fast_path_on(tp, tp->snd_wnd >> tp->rx_opt.snd_wscale); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_check(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&tp->out_of_order_queue) && tp->rcv_wnd && atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) < sk->sk_rcvbuf && !tp->urg_data) tcp_fast_path_on(tp); } /* Compute the actual rto_min value */ static inline u32 tcp_rto_min(struct sock *sk) { const struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk); u32 rto_min = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto_min; if (dst && dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN)) rto_min = dst_metric_rtt(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN); return rto_min; } static inline u32 tcp_rto_min_us(struct sock *sk) { return jiffies_to_usecs(tcp_rto_min(sk)); } static inline bool tcp_ca_dst_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_CC_ALGO); } /* Minimum RTT in usec. ~0 means not available. */ static inline u32 tcp_min_rtt(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return minmax_get(&tp->rtt_min); } /* Compute the actual receive window we are currently advertising. * Rcv_nxt can be after the window if our peer push more data * than the offered window. */ static inline u32 tcp_receive_window(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { s32 win = tp->rcv_wup + tp->rcv_wnd - tp->rcv_nxt; if (win < 0) win = 0; return (u32) win; } /* Choose a new window, without checks for shrinking, and without * scaling applied to the result. The caller does these things * if necessary. This is a "raw" window selection. */ u32 __tcp_select_window(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_window_probe(struct sock *sk); /* TCP uses 32bit jiffies to save some space. * Note that this is different from tcp_time_stamp, which * historically has been the same until linux-4.13. */ #define tcp_jiffies32 ((u32)jiffies) /* * Deliver a 32bit value for TCP timestamp option (RFC 7323) * It is no longer tied to jiffies, but to 1 ms clock. * Note: double check if you want to use tcp_jiffies32 instead of this. */ #define TCP_TS_HZ 1000 static inline u64 tcp_clock_ns(void) { return ktime_get_ns(); } static inline u64 tcp_clock_us(void) { return div_u64(tcp_clock_ns(), NSEC_PER_USEC); } /* This should only be used in contexts where tp->tcp_mstamp is up to date */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return div_u64(tp->tcp_mstamp, USEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Convert a nsec timestamp into TCP TSval timestamp (ms based currently) */ static inline u32 tcp_ns_to_ts(u64 ns) { return div_u64(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Could use tcp_clock_us() / 1000, but this version uses a single divide */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp_raw(void) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(tcp_clock_ns()); } void tcp_mstamp_refresh(struct tcp_sock *tp); static inline u32 tcp_stamp_us_delta(u64 t1, u64 t0) { return max_t(s64, t1 - t0, 0); } static inline u32 tcp_skb_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(skb->skb_mstamp_ns); } /* provide the departure time in us unit */ static inline u64 tcp_skb_timestamp_us(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return div_u64(skb->skb_mstamp_ns, NSEC_PER_USEC); } #define tcp_flag_byte(th) (((u_int8_t *)th)[13]) #define TCPHDR_FIN 0x01 #define TCPHDR_SYN 0x02 #define TCPHDR_RST 0x04 #define TCPHDR_PSH 0x08 #define TCPHDR_ACK 0x10 #define TCPHDR_URG 0x20 #define TCPHDR_ECE 0x40 #define TCPHDR_CWR 0x80 #define TCPHDR_SYN_ECN (TCPHDR_SYN | TCPHDR_ECE | TCPHDR_CWR) /* This is what the send packet queuing engine uses to pass * TCP per-packet control information to the transmission code. * We also store the host-order sequence numbers in here too. * This is 44 bytes if IPV6 is enabled. * If this grows please adjust skbuff.h:skbuff->cb[xxx] size appropriately. */ struct tcp_skb_cb { __u32 seq; /* Starting sequence number */ __u32 end_seq; /* SEQ + FIN + SYN + datalen */ union { /* Note : tcp_tw_isn is used in input path only * (isn chosen by tcp_timewait_state_process()) * * tcp_gso_segs/size are used in write queue only, * cf tcp_skb_pcount()/tcp_skb_mss() */ __u32 tcp_tw_isn; struct { u16 tcp_gso_segs; u16 tcp_gso_size; }; }; __u8 tcp_flags; /* TCP header flags. (tcp[13]) */ __u8 sacked; /* State flags for SACK. */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED 0x01 /* SKB ACK'd by a SACK block */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS 0x02 /* SKB retransmitted */ #define TCPCB_LOST 0x04 /* SKB is lost */ #define TCPCB_TAGBITS 0x07 /* All tag bits */ #define TCPCB_REPAIRED 0x10 /* SKB repaired (no skb_mstamp_ns) */ #define TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS 0x80 /* Ever retransmitted frame */ #define TCPCB_RETRANS (TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS|TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS| \ TCPCB_REPAIRED) __u8 ip_dsfield; /* IPv4 tos or IPv6 dsfield */ __u8 txstamp_ack:1, /* Record TX timestamp for ack? */ eor:1, /* Is skb MSG_EOR marked? */ has_rxtstamp:1, /* SKB has a RX timestamp */ unused:5; __u32 ack_seq; /* Sequence number ACK'd */ union { struct { /* There is space for up to 24 bytes */ __u32 in_flight:30,/* Bytes in flight at transmit */ is_app_limited:1, /* cwnd not fully used? */ unused:1; /* pkts S/ACKed so far upon tx of skb, incl retrans: */ __u32 delivered; /* start of send pipeline phase */ u64 first_tx_mstamp; /* when we reached the "delivered" count */ u64 delivered_mstamp; } tx; /* only used for outgoing skbs */ union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; /* For incoming skbs */ struct { __u32 flags; struct sock *sk_redir; void *data_end; } bpf; }; }; #define TCP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct tcp_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) static inline void bpf_compute_data_end_sk_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.data_end = skb->data + skb_headlen(skb); } static inline bool tcp_skb_bpf_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.flags & BPF_F_INGRESS; } static inline struct sock *tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_fetch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir; } static inline void tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir = NULL; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv4_specific; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) /* This is the variant of inet6_iif() that must be used by TCP, * as TCP moves IP6CB into a different location in skb->cb[] */ static inline int tcp_v6_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } static inline int tcp_v6_iif_l3_slave(const struct sk_buff *skb) { bool l3_slave = ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags); return l3_slave ? skb->skb_iif : TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v6_sdif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; #endif return 0; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv6_specific; INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp_v6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb)); #endif /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v4_sdif(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv4_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.iif; #endif return 0; } /* Due to TSO, an SKB can be composed of multiple actual * packets. To keep these tracked properly, we use this. */ static inline int tcp_skb_pcount(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_set(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs = segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_add(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs += segs; } /* This is valid iff skb is in write queue and tcp_skb_pcount() > 1. */ static inline int tcp_skb_mss(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_size; } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return likely(!TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->eor); } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse(const struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { return likely(tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(to) && mptcp_skb_can_collapse(to, from)); } /* Events passed to congestion control interface */ enum tcp_ca_event { CA_EVENT_TX_START, /* first transmit when no packets in flight */ CA_EVENT_CWND_RESTART, /* congestion window restart */ CA_EVENT_COMPLETE_CWR, /* end of congestion recovery */ CA_EVENT_LOSS, /* loss timeout */ CA_EVENT_ECN_NO_CE, /* ECT set, but not CE marked */ CA_EVENT_ECN_IS_CE, /* received CE marked IP packet */ }; /* Information about inbound ACK, passed to cong_ops->in_ack_event() */ enum tcp_ca_ack_event_flags { CA_ACK_SLOWPATH = (1 << 0), /* In slow path processing */ CA_ACK_WIN_UPDATE = (1 << 1), /* ACK updated window */ CA_ACK_ECE = (1 << 2), /* ECE bit is set on ack */ }; /* * Interface for adding new TCP congestion control handlers */ #define TCP_CA_NAME_MAX 16 #define TCP_CA_MAX 128 #define TCP_CA_BUF_MAX (TCP_CA_NAME_MAX*TCP_CA_MAX) #define TCP_CA_UNSPEC 0 /* Algorithm can be set on socket without CAP_NET_ADMIN privileges */ #define TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED 0x1 /* Requires ECN/ECT set on all packets */ #define TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN 0x2 #define TCP_CONG_MASK (TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED | TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN) union tcp_cc_info; struct ack_sample { u32 pkts_acked; s32 rtt_us; u32 in_flight; }; /* A rate sample measures the number of (original/retransmitted) data * packets delivered "delivered" over an interval of time "interval_us". * The tcp_rate.c code fills in the rate sample, and congestion * control modules that define a cong_control function to run at the end * of ACK processing can optionally chose to consult this sample when * setting cwnd and pacing rate. * A sample is invalid if "delivered" or "interval_us" is negative. */ struct rate_sample { u64 prior_mstamp; /* starting timestamp for interval */ u32 prior_delivered; /* tp->delivered at "prior_mstamp" */ s32 delivered; /* number of packets delivered over interval */ long interval_us; /* time for tp->delivered to incr "delivered" */ u32 snd_interval_us; /* snd interval for delivered packets */ u32 rcv_interval_us; /* rcv interval for delivered packets */ long rtt_us; /* RTT of last (S)ACKed packet (or -1) */ int losses; /* number of packets marked lost upon ACK */ u32 acked_sacked; /* number of packets newly (S)ACKed upon ACK */ u32 prior_in_flight; /* in flight before this ACK */ bool is_app_limited; /* is sample from packet with bubble in pipe? */ bool is_retrans; /* is sample from retransmission? */ bool is_ack_delayed; /* is this (likely) a delayed ACK? */ }; struct tcp_congestion_ops { struct list_head list; u32 key; u32 flags; /* initialize private data (optional) */ void (*init)(struct sock *sk); /* cleanup private data (optional) */ void (*release)(struct sock *sk); /* return slow start threshold (required) */ u32 (*ssthresh)(struct sock *sk); /* do new cwnd calculation (required) */ void (*cong_avoid)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); /* call before changing ca_state (optional) */ void (*set_state)(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state); /* call when cwnd event occurs (optional) */ void (*cwnd_event)(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_ca_event ev); /* call when ack arrives (optional) */ void (*in_ack_event)(struct sock *sk, u32 flags); /* new value of cwnd after loss (required) */ u32 (*undo_cwnd)(struct sock *sk); /* hook for packet ack accounting (optional) */ void (*pkts_acked)(struct sock *sk, const struct ack_sample *sample); /* override sysctl_tcp_min_tso_segs */ u32 (*min_tso_segs)(struct sock *sk); /* returns the multiplier used in tcp_sndbuf_expand (optional) */ u32 (*sndbuf_expand)(struct sock *sk); /* call when packets are delivered to update cwnd and pacing rate, * after all the ca_state processing. (optional) */ void (*cong_control)(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs); /* get info for inet_diag (optional) */ size_t (*get_info)(struct sock *sk, u32 ext, int *attr, union tcp_cc_info *info); char name[TCP_CA_NAME_MAX]; struct module *owner; }; int tcp_register_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_unregister_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_assign_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cleanup_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); int tcp_set_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, const char *name); void tcp_get_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, char *name); void tcp_get_available_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); void tcp_get_allowed_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); int tcp_set_allowed_congestion_control(char *allowed); int tcp_set_congestion_control(struct sock *sk, const char *name, bool load, bool cap_net_admin); u32 tcp_slow_start(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 acked); void tcp_cong_avoid_ai(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 w, u32 acked); u32 tcp_reno_ssthresh(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_reno_undo_cwnd(struct sock *sk); void tcp_reno_cong_avoid(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); extern struct tcp_congestion_ops tcp_reno; struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find(const char *name); struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find_key(u32 key); u32 tcp_ca_get_key_by_name(struct net *net, const char *name, bool *ecn_ca); #ifdef CONFIG_INET char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer); #else static inline char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer) { return NULL; } #endif static inline bool tcp_ca_needs_ecn(const struct sock *sk) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); return icsk->icsk_ca_ops->flags & TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN; } static inline void tcp_set_ca_state(struct sock *sk, const u8 ca_state) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state) icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state(sk, ca_state); icsk->icsk_ca_state = ca_state; } static inline void tcp_ca_event(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_ca_event event) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event) icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event(sk, event); } /* From tcp_rate.c */ void tcp_rate_skb_sent(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rate_skb_delivered(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct rate_sample *rs); void tcp_rate_gen(struct sock *sk, u32 delivered, u32 lost, bool is_sack_reneg, struct rate_sample *rs); void tcp_rate_check_app_limited(struct sock *sk); /* These functions determine how the current flow behaves in respect of SACK * handling. SACK is negotiated with the peer, and therefore it can vary * between different flows. * * tcp_is_sack - SACK enabled * tcp_is_reno - No SACK */ static inline int tcp_is_sack(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return likely(tp->rx_opt.sack_ok); } static inline bool tcp_is_reno(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return !tcp_is_sack(tp); } static inline unsigned int tcp_left_out(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->sacked_out + tp->lost_out; } /* This determines how many packets are "in the network" to the best * of our knowledge. In many cases it is conservative, but where * detailed information is available from the receiver (via SACK * blocks etc.) we can make more aggressive calculations. * * Use this for decisions involving congestion control, use just * tp->packets_out to determine if the send queue is empty or not. * * Read this equation as: * * "Packets sent once on transmission queue" MINUS * "Packets left network, but not honestly ACKed yet" PLUS * "Packets fast retransmitted" */ static inline unsigned int tcp_packets_in_flight(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->packets_out - tcp_left_out(tp) + tp->retrans_out; } #define TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH 0x7fffffff static inline bool tcp_in_slow_start(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_cwnd < tp->snd_ssthresh; } static inline bool tcp_in_initial_slowstart(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_ssthresh >= TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH; } static inline bool tcp_in_cwnd_reduction(const struct sock *sk) { return (TCPF_CA_CWR | TCPF_CA_Recovery) & (1 << inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state); } /* If cwnd > ssthresh, we may raise ssthresh to be half-way to cwnd. * The exception is cwnd reduction phase, when cwnd is decreasing towards * ssthresh. */ static inline __u32 tcp_current_ssthresh(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (tcp_in_cwnd_reduction(sk)) return tp->snd_ssthresh; else return max(tp->snd_ssthresh, ((tp->snd_cwnd >> 1) + (tp->snd_cwnd >> 2))); } /* Use define here intentionally to get WARN_ON location shown at the caller */ #define tcp_verify_left_out(tp) WARN_ON(tcp_left_out(tp) > tp->packets_out) void tcp_enter_cwr(struct sock *sk); __u32 tcp_init_cwnd(const struct tcp_sock *tp, const struct dst_entry *dst); /* The maximum number of MSS of available cwnd for which TSO defers * sending if not using sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor. */ static inline __u32 tcp_max_tso_deferred_mss(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return 3; } /* Returns end sequence number of the receiver's advertised window */ static inline u32 tcp_wnd_end(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_una + tp->snd_wnd; } /* We follow the spirit of RFC2861 to validate cwnd but implement a more * flexible approach. The RFC suggests cwnd should not be raised unless * it was fully used previously. And that's exactly what we do in * congestion avoidance mode. But in slow start we allow cwnd to grow * as long as the application has used half the cwnd. * Example : * cwnd is 10 (IW10), but application sends 9 frames. * We allow cwnd to reach 18 when all frames are ACKed. * This check is safe because it's as aggressive as slow start which already * risks 100% overshoot. The advantage is that we discourage application to * either send more filler packets or data to artificially blow up the cwnd * usage, and allow application-limited process to probe bw more aggressively. */ static inline bool tcp_is_cwnd_limited(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); /* If in slow start, ensure cwnd grows to twice what was ACKed. */ if (tcp_in_slow_start(tp)) return tp->snd_cwnd < 2 * tp->max_packets_out; return tp->is_cwnd_limited; } /* BBR congestion control needs pacing. * Same remark for SO_MAX_PACING_RATE. * sch_fq packet scheduler is efficiently handling pacing, * but is not always installed/used. * Return true if TCP stack should pace packets itself. */ static inline bool tcp_needs_internal_pacing(const struct sock *sk) { return smp_load_acquire(&sk->sk_pacing_status) == SK_PACING_NEEDED; } /* Estimates in how many jiffies next packet for this flow can be sent. * Scheduling a retransmit timer too early would be silly. */ static inline unsigned long tcp_pacing_delay(const struct sock *sk) { s64 delay = tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_wstamp_ns - tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_clock_cache; return delay > 0 ? nsecs_to_jiffies(delay) : 0; } static inline void tcp_reset_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what, unsigned long when, const unsigned long max_when) { inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, what, when + tcp_pacing_delay(sk), max_when); } /* Something is really bad, we could not queue an additional packet, * because qdisc is full or receiver sent a 0 window, or we are paced. * We do not want to add fuel to the fire, or abort too early, * so make sure the timer we arm now is at least 200ms in the future, * regardless of current icsk_rto value (as it could be ~2ms) */ static inline unsigned long tcp_probe0_base(const struct sock *sk) { return max_t(unsigned long, inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MIN); } /* Variant of inet_csk_rto_backoff() used for zero window probes */ static inline unsigned long tcp_probe0_when(const struct sock *sk, unsigned long max_when) { u64 when = (u64)tcp_probe0_base(sk) << inet_csk(sk)->icsk_backoff; return (unsigned long)min_t(u64, when, max_when); } static inline void tcp_check_probe_timer(struct sock *sk) { if (!tcp_sk(sk)->packets_out && !inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pending) tcp_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_PROBE0, tcp_probe0_base(sk), TCP_RTO_MAX); } static inline void tcp_init_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 seq) { tp->snd_wl1 = seq; } static inline void tcp_update_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 seq) { tp->snd_wl1 = seq; } /* * Calculate(/check) TCP checksum */ static inline __sum16 tcp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_TCP, base); } static inline bool tcp_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } bool tcp_add_backlog(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_filter(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_set_state(struct sock *sk, int state); void tcp_done(struct sock *sk); int tcp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); static inline void tcp_sack_reset(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt) { rx_opt->dsack = 0; rx_opt->num_sacks = 0; } void tcp_cwnd_restart(struct sock *sk, s32 delta); static inline void tcp_slow_start_after_idle_check(struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_congestion_ops *ca_ops = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_ops; struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); s32 delta; if (!sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_slow_start_after_idle || tp->packets_out || ca_ops->cong_control) return; delta = tcp_jiffies32 - tp->lsndtime; if (delta > inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto) tcp_cwnd_restart(sk, delta); } /* Determine a window scaling and initial window to offer. */ void tcp_select_initial_window(const struct sock *sk, int __space, __u32 mss, __u32 *rcv_wnd, __u32 *window_clamp, int wscale_ok, __u8 *rcv_wscale, __u32 init_rcv_wnd); static inline int tcp_win_from_space(const struct sock *sk, int space) { int tcp_adv_win_scale = sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale; return tcp_adv_win_scale <= 0 ? (space>>(-tcp_adv_win_scale)) : space - (space>>tcp_adv_win_scale); } /* Note: caller must be prepared to deal with negative returns */ static inline int tcp_space(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_win_from_space(sk, READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf) - READ_ONCE(sk->sk_backlog.len) - atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc)); } static inline int tcp_full_space(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_win_from_space(sk, READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf)); } void tcp_cleanup_rbuf(struct sock *sk, int copied); /* We provision sk_rcvbuf around 200% of sk_rcvlowat. * If 87.5 % (7/8) of the space has been consumed, we want to override * SO_RCVLOWAT constraint, since we are receiving skbs with too small * len/truesize ratio. */ static inline bool tcp_rmem_pressure(const struct sock *sk) { int rcvbuf, threshold; if (tcp_under_memory_pressure(sk)) return true; rcvbuf = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf); threshold = rcvbuf - (rcvbuf >> 3); return atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) > threshold; } extern void tcp_openreq_init_rwin(struct request_sock *req, const struct sock *sk_listener, const struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_enter_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk); void tcp_leave_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk); static inline int keepalive_intvl_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_intvl ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_intvl; } static inline int keepalive_time_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_time ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_time; } static inline int keepalive_probes(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_probes ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_probes; } static inline u32 keepalive_time_elapsed(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = &tp->inet_conn; return min_t(u32, tcp_jiffies32 - icsk->icsk_ack.lrcvtime, tcp_jiffies32 - tp->rcv_tstamp); } static inline int tcp_fin_time(const struct sock *sk) { int fin_timeout = tcp_sk(sk)->linger2 ? : sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_fin_timeout; const int rto = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto; if (fin_timeout < (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1)) fin_timeout = (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1); return fin_timeout; } static inline bool tcp_paws_check(const struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt, int paws_win) { if ((s32)(rx_opt->ts_recent - rx_opt->rcv_tsval) <= paws_win) return true; if (unlikely(!time_before32(ktime_get_seconds(), rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_24DAYS))) return true; /* * Some OSes send SYN and SYNACK messages with tsval=0 tsecr=0, * then following tcp messages have valid values. Ignore 0 value, * or else 'negative' tsval might forbid us to accept their packets. */ if (!rx_opt->ts_recent) return true; return false; } static inline bool tcp_paws_reject(const struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt, int rst) { if (tcp_paws_check(rx_opt, 0)) return false; /* RST segments are not recommended to carry timestamp, and, if they do, it is recommended to ignore PAWS because "their cleanup function should take precedence over timestamps." Certainly, it is mistake. It is necessary to understand the reasons of this constraint to relax it: if peer reboots, clock may go out-of-sync and half-open connections will not be reset. Actually, the problem would be not existing if all the implementations followed draft about maintaining clock via reboots. Linux-2.2 DOES NOT! However, we can relax time bounds for RST segments to MSL. */ if (rst && !time_before32(ktime_get_seconds(), rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_MSL)) return false; return true; } bool tcp_oow_rate_limited(struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, int mib_idx, u32 *last_oow_ack_time); static inline void tcp_mib_init(struct net *net) { /* See RFC 2012 */ TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOALGORITHM, 1); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOMIN, TCP_RTO_MIN*1000/HZ); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOMAX, TCP_RTO_MAX*1000/HZ); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_MAXCONN, -1); } /* from STCP */ static inline void tcp_clear_retrans_hints_partial(struct tcp_sock *tp) { tp->lost_skb_hint = NULL; } static inline void tcp_clear_all_retrans_hints(struct tcp_sock *tp) { tcp_clear_retrans_hints_partial(tp); tp->retransmit_skb_hint = NULL; } union tcp_md5_addr { struct in_addr a4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr a6; #endif }; /* - key database */ struct tcp_md5sig_key { struct hlist_node node; u8 keylen; u8 family; /* AF_INET or AF_INET6 */ u8 prefixlen; union tcp_md5_addr addr; int l3index; /* set if key added with L3 scope */ u8 key[TCP_MD5SIG_MAXKEYLEN]; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* - sock block */ struct tcp_md5sig_info { struct hlist_head head; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* - pseudo header */ struct tcp4_pseudohdr { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; __u8 pad; __u8 protocol; __be16 len; }; struct tcp6_pseudohdr { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_addr daddr; __be32 len; __be32 protocol; /* including padding */ }; union tcp_md5sum_block { struct tcp4_pseudohdr ip4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct tcp6_pseudohdr ip6; #endif }; /* - pool: digest algorithm, hash description and scratch buffer */ struct tcp_md5sig_pool { struct ahash_request *md5_req; void *scratch; }; /* - functions */ int tcp_v4_md5_hash_skb(char *md5_hash, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *key, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_md5_do_add(struct sock *sk, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family, u8 prefixlen, int l3index, const u8 *newkey, u8 newkeylen, gfp_t gfp); int tcp_md5_do_del(struct sock *sk, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family, u8 prefixlen, int l3index); struct tcp_md5sig_key *tcp_v4_md5_lookup(const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG #include <linux/jump_label.h> extern struct static_key_false tcp_md5_needed; struct tcp_md5sig_key *__tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family); static inline struct tcp_md5sig_key * tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_md5_needed)) return NULL; return __tcp_md5_do_lookup(sk, l3index, addr, family); } #define tcp_twsk_md5_key(twsk) ((twsk)->tw_md5_key) #else static inline struct tcp_md5sig_key * tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family) { return NULL; } #define tcp_twsk_md5_key(twsk) NULL #endif bool tcp_alloc_md5sig_pool(void); struct tcp_md5sig_pool *tcp_get_md5sig_pool(void); static inline void tcp_put_md5sig_pool(void) { local_bh_enable(); } int tcp_md5_hash_skb_data(struct tcp_md5sig_pool *, const struct sk_buff *, unsigned int header_len); int tcp_md5_hash_key(struct tcp_md5sig_pool *hp, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *key); /* From tcp_fastopen.c */ void tcp_fastopen_cache_get(struct sock *sk, u16 *mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie); void tcp_fastopen_cache_set(struct sock *sk, u16 mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie, bool syn_lost, u16 try_exp); struct tcp_fastopen_request { /* Fast Open cookie. Size 0 means a cookie request */ struct tcp_fastopen_cookie cookie; struct msghdr *data; /* data in MSG_FASTOPEN */ size_t size; int copied; /* queued in tcp_connect() */ struct ubuf_info *uarg; }; void tcp_free_fastopen_req(struct tcp_sock *tp); void tcp_fastopen_destroy_cipher(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_ctx_destroy(struct net *net); int tcp_fastopen_reset_cipher(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, void *primary_key, void *backup_key); int tcp_fastopen_get_cipher(struct net *net, struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, u64 *key); void tcp_fastopen_add_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *tcp_try_fastopen(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, const struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_fastopen_init_key_once(struct net *net); bool tcp_fastopen_cookie_check(struct sock *sk, u16 *mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie); bool tcp_fastopen_defer_connect(struct sock *sk, int *err); #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH sizeof(siphash_key_t) #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX 2 #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_BUF_LENGTH \ (TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH * TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX) /* Fastopen key context */ struct tcp_fastopen_context { siphash_key_t key[TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX]; int num; struct rcu_head rcu; }; extern unsigned int sysctl_tcp_fastopen_blackhole_timeout; void tcp_fastopen_active_disable(struct sock *sk); bool tcp_fastopen_active_should_disable(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_active_disable_ofo_check(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_active_detect_blackhole(struct sock *sk, bool expired); /* Caller needs to wrap with rcu_read_(un)lock() */ static inline struct tcp_fastopen_context *tcp_fastopen_get_ctx(const struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx; ctx = rcu_dereference(inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue.fastopenq.ctx); if (!ctx) ctx = rcu_dereference(sock_net(sk)->ipv4.tcp_fastopen_ctx); return ctx; } static inline bool tcp_fastopen_cookie_match(const struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, const struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *orig) { if (orig->len == TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE && orig->len == foc->len && !memcmp(orig->val, foc->val, foc->len)) return true; return false; } static inline int tcp_fastopen_context_len(const struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx) { return ctx->num; } /* Latencies incurred by various limits for a sender. They are * chronograph-like stats that are mutually exclusive. */ enum tcp_chrono { TCP_CHRONO_UNSPEC, TCP_CHRONO_BUSY, /* Actively sending data (non-empty write queue) */ TCP_CHRONO_RWND_LIMITED, /* Stalled by insufficient receive window */ TCP_CHRONO_SNDBUF_LIMITED, /* Stalled by insufficient send buffer */ __TCP_CHRONO_MAX, }; void tcp_chrono_start(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_chrono type); void tcp_chrono_stop(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_chrono type); /* This helper is needed, because skb->tcp_tsorted_anchor uses * the same memory storage than skb->destructor/_skb_refdst */ static inline void tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->destructor = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } #define tcp_skb_tsorted_save(skb) { \ unsigned long _save = skb->_skb_refdst; \ skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; #define tcp_skb_tsorted_restore(skb) \ skb->_skb_refdst = _save; \ } void tcp_write_queue_purge(struct sock *sk); static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_rtx_queue_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_rb_first(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_rtx_queue_tail(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_rb_last(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_write_queue_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_write_queue_tail(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue); } #define tcp_for_write_queue_from_safe(skb, tmp, sk) \ skb_queue_walk_from_safe(&(sk)->sk_write_queue, skb, tmp) static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_send_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue); } static inline bool tcp_skb_is_last(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_queue_is_last(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb); } /** * tcp_write_queue_empty - test if any payload (or FIN) is available in write queue * @sk: socket * * Since the write queue can have a temporary empty skb in it, * we must not use "return skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_write_queue)" */ static inline bool tcp_write_queue_empty(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); return tp->write_seq == tp->snd_nxt; } static inline bool tcp_rtx_queue_empty(const struct sock *sk) { return RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline bool tcp_rtx_and_write_queues_empty(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_rtx_queue_empty(sk) && tcp_write_queue_empty(sk); } static inline void tcp_add_write_queue_tail(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_queue_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb); /* Queue it, remembering where we must start sending. */ if (sk->sk_write_queue.next == skb) tcp_chrono_start(sk, TCP_CHRONO_BUSY); } /* Insert new before skb on the write queue of sk. */ static inline void tcp_insert_write_queue_before(struct sk_buff *new, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { __skb_queue_before(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb, new); } static inline void tcp_unlink_write_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(skb); __skb_unlink(skb, &sk->sk_write_queue); } void tcp_rbtree_insert(struct rb_root *root, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline void tcp_rtx_queue_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(skb); rb_erase(&skb->rbnode, &sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline void tcp_rtx_queue_unlink_and_free(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { list_del(&skb->tcp_tsorted_anchor); tcp_rtx_queue_unlink(skb, sk); sk_wmem_free_skb(sk, skb); } static inline void tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk) { if (tcp_send_head(sk)) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); __tcp_push_pending_frames(sk, tcp_current_mss(sk), tp->nonagle); } } /* Start sequence of the skb just after the highest skb with SACKed * bit, valid only if sacked_out > 0 or when the caller has ensured * validity by itself. */ static inline u32 tcp_highest_sack_seq(struct tcp_sock *tp) { if (!tp->sacked_out) return tp->snd_una; if (tp->highest_sack == NULL) return tp->snd_nxt; return TCP_SKB_CB(tp->highest_sack)->seq; } static inline void tcp_advance_highest_sack(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = skb_rb_next(skb); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_highest_sack(struct sock *sk) { return tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack; } static inline void tcp_highest_sack_reset(struct sock *sk) { tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = tcp_rtx_queue_head(sk); } /* Called when old skb is about to be deleted and replaced by new skb */ static inline void tcp_highest_sack_replace(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *new) { if (old == tcp_highest_sack(sk)) tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = new; } /* This helper checks if socket has IP_TRANSPARENT set */ static inline bool inet_sk_transparent(const struct sock *sk) { switch (sk->sk_state) { case TCP_TIME_WAIT: return inet_twsk(sk)->tw_transparent; case TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV: return inet_rsk(inet_reqsk(sk))->no_srccheck; } return inet_sk(sk)->transparent; } /* Determines whether this is a thin stream (which may suffer from * increased latency). Used to trigger latency-reducing mechanisms. */ static inline bool tcp_stream_is_thin(struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->packets_out < 4 && !tcp_in_initial_slowstart(tp); } /* /proc */ enum tcp_seq_states { TCP_SEQ_STATE_LISTENING, TCP_SEQ_STATE_ESTABLISHED, }; void *tcp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *tcp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void tcp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); struct tcp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; }; struct tcp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; enum tcp_seq_states state; struct sock *syn_wait_sk; struct tcp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; int bucket, offset, sbucket, num; loff_t last_pos; }; extern struct request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ops; extern struct request_sock_ops tcp6_request_sock_ops; void tcp_v4_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk); struct sk_buff *tcp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *tcp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *tcp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *tcp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb)); int tcp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); void __tcp_v4_send_check(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr); static inline u32 tcp_notsent_lowat(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->notsent_lowat ?: net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_notsent_lowat; } /* @wake is one when sk_stream_write_space() calls us. * This sends EPOLLOUT only if notsent_bytes is half the limit. * This mimics the strategy used in sock_def_write_space(). */ static inline bool tcp_stream_memory_free(const struct sock *sk, int wake) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); u32 notsent_bytes = READ_ONCE(tp->write_seq) - READ_ONCE(tp->snd_nxt); return (notsent_bytes << wake) < tcp_notsent_lowat(tp); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int tcp4_proc_init(void); void tcp4_proc_exit(void); #endif int tcp_rtx_synack(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); int tcp_conn_request(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops, const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_ops, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* TCP af-specific functions */ struct tcp_sock_af_ops { #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *(*md5_lookup) (const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); int (*calc_md5_hash)(char *location, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*md5_parse)(struct sock *sk, int optname, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); #endif }; struct tcp_request_sock_ops { u16 mss_clamp; #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *(*req_md5_lookup)(const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); int (*calc_md5_hash) (char *location, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); #endif void (*init_req)(struct request_sock *req, const struct sock *sk_listener, struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES __u32 (*cookie_init_seq)(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); #endif struct dst_entry *(*route_req)(const struct sock *sk, struct flowi *fl, const struct request_sock *req); u32 (*init_seq)(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 (*init_ts_off)(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*send_synack)(const struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, struct flowi *fl, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, enum tcp_synack_type synack_type, struct sk_buff *syn_skb); }; extern const struct tcp_request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ipv4_ops; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) extern const struct tcp_request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ipv6_ops; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES static inline __u32 cookie_init_sequence(const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *ops, const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss) { tcp_synq_overflow(sk); __NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_SYNCOOKIESSENT); return ops->cookie_init_seq(skb, mss); } #else static inline __u32 cookie_init_sequence(const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *ops, const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss) { return 0; } #endif int tcpv4_offload_init(void); void tcp_v4_init(void); void tcp_init(void); /* tcp_recovery.c */ void tcp_mark_skb_lost(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_newreno_mark_lost(struct sock *sk, bool snd_una_advanced); extern s32 tcp_rack_skb_timeout(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 reo_wnd); extern bool tcp_rack_mark_lost(struct sock *sk); extern void tcp_rack_advance(struct tcp_sock *tp, u8 sacked, u32 end_seq, u64 xmit_time); extern void tcp_rack_reo_timeout(struct sock *sk); extern void tcp_rack_update_reo_wnd(struct sock *sk, struct rate_sample *rs); /* At how many usecs into the future should the RTO fire? */ static inline s64 tcp_rto_delta_us(const struct sock *sk) { const struct sk_buff *skb = tcp_rtx_queue_head(sk); u32 rto = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto; u64 rto_time_stamp_us = tcp_skb_timestamp_us(skb) + jiffies_to_usecs(rto); return rto_time_stamp_us - tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_mstamp; } /* * Save and compile IPv4 options, return a pointer to it */ static inline struct ip_options_rcu *tcp_v4_save_options(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct ip_options *opt = &TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.opt; struct ip_options_rcu *dopt = NULL; if (opt->optlen) { int opt_size = sizeof(*dopt) + opt->optlen; dopt = kmalloc(opt_size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (dopt && __ip_options_echo(net, &dopt->opt, skb, opt)) { kfree(dopt); dopt = NULL; } } return dopt; } /* locally generated TCP pure ACKs have skb->truesize == 2 * (check tcp_send_ack() in net/ipv4/tcp_output.c ) * This is much faster than dissecting the packet to find out. * (Think of GRE encapsulations, IPv4, IPv6, ...) */ static inline bool skb_is_tcp_pure_ack(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->truesize == 2; } static inline void skb_set_tcp_pure_ack(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->truesize = 2; } static inline int tcp_inq(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); int answ; if ((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_SYN_SENT | TCPF_SYN_RECV)) { answ = 0; } else if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_URGINLINE) || !tp->urg_data || before(tp->urg_seq, tp->copied_seq) || !before(tp->urg_seq, tp->rcv_nxt)) { answ = tp->rcv_nxt - tp->copied_seq; /* Subtract 1, if FIN was received */ if (answ && sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DONE)) answ--; } else { answ = tp->urg_seq - tp->copied_seq; } return answ; } int tcp_peek_len(struct socket *sock); static inline void tcp_segs_in(struct tcp_sock *tp, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u16 segs_in; segs_in = max_t(u16, 1, skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs); tp->segs_in += segs_in; if (skb->len > tcp_hdrlen(skb)) tp->data_segs_in += segs_in; } /* * TCP listen path runs lockless. * We forced "struct sock" to be const qualified to make sure * we don't modify one of its field by mistake. * Here, we increment sk_drops which is an atomic_t, so we can safely * make sock writable again. */ static inline void tcp_listendrop(const struct sock *sk) { atomic_inc(&((struct sock *)sk)->sk_drops); __NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_LISTENDROPS); } enum hrtimer_restart tcp_pace_kick(struct hrtimer *timer); /* * Interface for adding Upper Level Protocols over TCP */ #define TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX 16 #define TCP_ULP_MAX 128 #define TCP_ULP_BUF_MAX (TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX*TCP_ULP_MAX) struct tcp_ulp_ops { struct list_head list; /* initialize ulp */ int (*init)(struct sock *sk); /* update ulp */ void (*update)(struct sock *sk, struct proto *p, void (*write_space)(struct sock *sk)); /* cleanup ulp */ void (*release)(struct sock *sk); /* diagnostic */ int (*get_info)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); size_t (*get_info_size)(const struct sock *sk); /* clone ulp */ void (*clone)(const struct request_sock *req, struct sock *newsk, const gfp_t priority); char name[TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX]; struct module *owner; }; int tcp_register_ulp(struct tcp_ulp_ops *type); void tcp_unregister_ulp(struct tcp_ulp_ops *type); int tcp_set_ulp(struct sock *sk, const char *name); void tcp_get_available_ulp(char *buf, size_t len); void tcp_cleanup_ulp(struct sock *sk); void tcp_update_ulp(struct sock *sk, struct proto *p, void (*write_space)(struct sock *sk)); #define MODULE_ALIAS_TCP_ULP(name) \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_userspace, name); \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_tcp_ulp, "tcp-ulp-" name) struct sk_msg; struct sk_psock; #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct proto *tcp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); void tcp_bpf_clone(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk); #else static inline void tcp_bpf_clone(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SOCK_MSG int tcp_bpf_sendmsg_redir(struct sock *sk, struct sk_msg *msg, u32 bytes, int flags); int __tcp_bpf_recvmsg(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int flags); #endif /* CONFIG_NET_SOCK_MSG */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF static inline void bpf_skops_init_skb(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int end_offset) { skops->skb = skb; skops->skb_data_end = skb->data + end_offset; } #else static inline void bpf_skops_init_skb(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int end_offset) { } #endif /* Call BPF_SOCK_OPS program that returns an int. If the return value * is < 0, then the BPF op failed (for example if the loaded BPF * program does not support the chosen operation or there is no BPF * program loaded). */ #ifdef CONFIG_BPF static inline int tcp_call_bpf(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 nargs, u32 *args) { struct bpf_sock_ops_kern sock_ops; int ret; memset(&sock_ops, 0, offsetof(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern, temp)); if (sk_fullsock(sk)) { sock_ops.is_fullsock = 1; sock_owned_by_me(sk); } sock_ops.sk = sk; sock_ops.op = op; if (nargs > 0) memcpy(sock_ops.args, args, nargs * sizeof(*args)); ret = BPF_CGROUP_RUN_PROG_SOCK_OPS(&sock_ops); if (ret == 0) ret = sock_ops.reply; else ret = -1; return ret; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_2arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2) { u32 args[2] = {arg1, arg2}; return tcp_call_bpf(sk, op, 2, args); } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_3arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2, u32 arg3) { u32 args[3] = {arg1, arg2, arg3}; return tcp_call_bpf(sk, op, 3, args); } #else static inline int tcp_call_bpf(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 nargs, u32 *args) { return -EPERM; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_2arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2) { return -EPERM; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_3arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2, u32 arg3) { return -EPERM; } #endif static inline u32 tcp_timeout_init(struct sock *sk) { int timeout; timeout = tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_TIMEOUT_INIT, 0, NULL); if (timeout <= 0) timeout = TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT; return timeout; } static inline u32 tcp_rwnd_init_bpf(struct sock *sk) { int rwnd; rwnd = tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_RWND_INIT, 0, NULL); if (rwnd < 0) rwnd = 0; return rwnd; } static inline bool tcp_bpf_ca_needs_ecn(struct sock *sk) { return (tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_NEEDS_ECN, 0, NULL) == 1); } static inline void tcp_bpf_rtt(struct sock *sk) { if (BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(tcp_sk(sk), BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTT_CB_FLAG)) tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTT_CB, 0, NULL); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) extern struct static_key_false tcp_have_smc; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE) void clean_acked_data_enable(struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, void (*cad)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack_seq)); void clean_acked_data_disable(struct inet_connection_sock *icsk); void clean_acked_data_flush(void); #endif DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(tcp_tx_delay_enabled); static inline void tcp_add_tx_delay(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcp_sock *tp) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_tx_delay_enabled)) skb->skb_mstamp_ns += (u64)tp->tcp_tx_delay * NSEC_PER_USEC; } /* Compute Earliest Departure Time for some control packets * like ACK or RST for TIME_WAIT or non ESTABLISHED sockets. */ static inline u64 tcp_transmit_time(const struct sock *sk) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_tx_delay_enabled)) { u32 delay = (sk->sk_state == TCP_TIME_WAIT) ? tcp_twsk(sk)->tw_tx_delay : tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_tx_delay; return tcp_clock_ns() + (u64)delay * NSEC_PER_USEC; } return 0; } #endif /* _TCP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl.h (C) 2002 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #ifndef __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #define __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl.h> struct posix_acl_entry { short e_tag; unsigned short e_perm; union { kuid_t e_uid; kgid_t e_gid; }; }; struct posix_acl { refcount_t a_refcount; struct rcu_head a_rcu; unsigned int a_count; struct posix_acl_entry a_entries[]; }; #define FOREACH_ACL_ENTRY(pa, acl, pe) \ for(pa=(acl)->a_entries, pe=pa+(acl)->a_count; pa<pe; pa++) /* * Duplicate an ACL handle. */ static inline struct posix_acl * posix_acl_dup(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl) refcount_inc(&acl->a_refcount); return acl; } /* * Free an ACL handle. */ static inline void posix_acl_release(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl && refcount_dec_and_test(&acl->a_refcount)) kfree_rcu(acl, a_rcu); } /* posix_acl.c */ extern void posix_acl_init(struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_alloc(int, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_valid(struct user_namespace *, const struct posix_acl *); extern int posix_acl_permission(struct inode *, const struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_mode(umode_t, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_equiv_mode(const struct posix_acl *, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_create(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_chmod(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t); extern struct posix_acl *get_posix_acl(struct inode *, int); extern int set_posix_acl(struct inode *, int, struct posix_acl *); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL extern int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *, umode_t); extern int posix_acl_create(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **, struct posix_acl **); extern int posix_acl_update_mode(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **); extern int simple_set_acl(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); extern int simple_acl_create(struct inode *, struct inode *); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl_rcu(struct inode *inode, int type); void set_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type, struct posix_acl *acl); void forget_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode); static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { inode->i_acl = NULL; inode->i_default_acl = NULL; } #else static inline int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return 0; } #define simple_set_acl NULL static inline int simple_acl_create(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int posix_acl_create(struct inode *inode, umode_t *mode, struct posix_acl **default_acl, struct posix_acl **acl) { *default_acl = *acl = NULL; return 0; } static inline void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode) { } #endif /* CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL */ struct posix_acl *get_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); #endif /* __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPUSET_H #define _LINUX_CPUSET_H /* * cpuset interface * * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/topology.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* * Static branch rewrites can happen in an arbitrary order for a given * key. In code paths where we need to loop with read_mems_allowed_begin() and * read_mems_allowed_retry() to get a consistent view of mems_allowed, we need * to ensure that begin() always gets rewritten before retry() in the * disabled -> enabled transition. If not, then if local irqs are disabled * around the loop, we can deadlock since retry() would always be * comparing the latest value of the mems_allowed seqcount against 0 as * begin() still would see cpusets_enabled() as false. The enabled -> disabled * transition should happen in reverse order for the same reasons (want to stop * looking at real value of mems_allowed.sequence in retry() first). */ extern struct static_key_false cpusets_pre_enable_key; extern struct static_key_false cpusets_enabled_key; static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_inc(void) { static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_dec(void) { static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); } extern int cpuset_init(void); extern void cpuset_init_smp(void); extern void cpuset_force_rebuild(void); extern void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void); extern void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void); extern void cpuset_read_lock(void); extern void cpuset_read_unlock(void); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p); extern nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p); #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (current->mems_allowed) void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void); int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask); extern bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_node_allowed(node, gfp_mask); return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __cpuset_node_allowed(zone_to_nid(z), gfp_mask); } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_zone_allowed(z, gfp_mask); return true; } extern int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2); #define cpuset_memory_pressure_bump() \ do { \ if (cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled) \ __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(); \ } while (0) extern int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; extern void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void); extern void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task); extern int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk); extern int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void); extern int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void); static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_page(current); } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_slab(current); } extern bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void); extern void rebuild_sched_domains(void); extern void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void); /* * read_mems_allowed_begin is required when making decisions involving * mems_allowed such as during page allocation. mems_allowed can be updated in * parallel and depending on the new value an operation can fail potentially * causing process failure. A retry loop with read_mems_allowed_begin and * read_mems_allowed_retry prevents these artificial failures. */ static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_pre_enable_key)) return 0; return read_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); } /* * If this returns true, the operation that took place after * read_mems_allowed_begin may have failed artificially due to a concurrent * update of mems_allowed. It is up to the caller to retry the operation if * appropriate. */ static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key)) return false; return read_seqcount_retry(&current->mems_allowed_seq, seq); } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { unsigned long flags; task_lock(current); local_irq_save(flags); write_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); current->mems_allowed = nodemask; write_seqcount_end(&current->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_restore(flags); task_unlock(current); } #else /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuset_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void cpuset_init_smp(void) {} static inline void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { } static inline void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask) { cpumask_copy(mask, cpu_possible_mask); } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p) { return node_possible_map; } #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) {} static inline int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return 1; } static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return 1; } static inline void cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) {} static inline void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { return false; } static inline void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { } static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { return 0; } static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ #endif /* _LINUX_CPUSET_H */
2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 /* * include/linux/topology.h * * Written by: Matthew Dobson, IBM Corporation * * Copyright (C) 2002, IBM Corp. * * All rights reserved. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more * details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. * * Send feedback to <colpatch@us.ibm.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H #define _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H #include <linux/arch_topology.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/topology.h> #ifndef nr_cpus_node #define nr_cpus_node(node) cpumask_weight(cpumask_of_node(node)) #endif #define for_each_node_with_cpus(node) \ for_each_online_node(node) \ if (nr_cpus_node(node)) int arch_update_cpu_topology(void); /* Conform to ACPI 2.0 SLIT distance definitions */ #define LOCAL_DISTANCE 10 #define REMOTE_DISTANCE 20 #ifndef node_distance #define node_distance(from,to) ((from) == (to) ? LOCAL_DISTANCE : REMOTE_DISTANCE) #endif #ifndef RECLAIM_DISTANCE /* * If the distance between nodes in a system is larger than RECLAIM_DISTANCE * (in whatever arch specific measurement units returned by node_distance()) * and node_reclaim_mode is enabled then the VM will only call node_reclaim() * on nodes within this distance. */ #define RECLAIM_DISTANCE 30 #endif /* * The following tunable allows platforms to override the default node * reclaim distance (RECLAIM_DISTANCE) if remote memory accesses are * sufficiently fast that the default value actually hurts * performance. * * AMD EPYC machines use this because even though the 2-hop distance * is 32 (3.2x slower than a local memory access) performance actually * *improves* if allowed to reclaim memory and load balance tasks * between NUMA nodes 2-hops apart. */ extern int __read_mostly node_reclaim_distance; #ifndef PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS #define PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS (1) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, numa_node); #ifndef numa_node_id /* Returns the number of the current Node. */ static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return raw_cpu_read(numa_node); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_node static inline int cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return per_cpu(numa_node, cpu); } #endif #ifndef set_numa_node static inline void set_numa_node(int node) { this_cpu_write(numa_node, node); } #endif #ifndef set_cpu_numa_node static inline void set_cpu_numa_node(int cpu, int node) { per_cpu(numa_node, cpu) = node; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID */ /* Returns the number of the current Node. */ #ifndef numa_node_id static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return cpu_to_node(raw_smp_processor_id()); } #endif #endif /* [!]CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES /* * N.B., Do NOT reference the '_numa_mem_' per cpu variable directly. * It will not be defined when CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES is not defined. * Use the accessor functions set_numa_mem(), numa_mem_id() and cpu_to_mem(). */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, _numa_mem_); #ifndef set_numa_mem static inline void set_numa_mem(int node) { this_cpu_write(_numa_mem_, node); } #endif #ifndef numa_mem_id /* Returns the number of the nearest Node with memory */ static inline int numa_mem_id(void) { return raw_cpu_read(_numa_mem_); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_mem static inline int cpu_to_mem(int cpu) { return per_cpu(_numa_mem_, cpu); } #endif #ifndef set_cpu_numa_mem static inline void set_cpu_numa_mem(int cpu, int node) { per_cpu(_numa_mem_, cpu) = node; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES */ #ifndef numa_mem_id /* Returns the number of the nearest Node with memory */ static inline int numa_mem_id(void) { return numa_node_id(); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_mem static inline int cpu_to_mem(int cpu) { return cpu_to_node(cpu); } #endif #endif /* [!]CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES */ #ifndef topology_physical_package_id #define topology_physical_package_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), -1) #endif #ifndef topology_die_id #define topology_die_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), -1) #endif #ifndef topology_core_id #define topology_core_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), 0) #endif #ifndef topology_sibling_cpumask #define topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #ifndef topology_core_cpumask #define topology_core_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #ifndef topology_die_cpumask #define topology_die_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SCHED_SMT) && !defined(cpu_smt_mask) static inline const struct cpumask *cpu_smt_mask(int cpu) { return topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu); } #endif static inline const struct cpumask *cpu_cpu_mask(int cpu) { return cpumask_of_node(cpu_to_node(cpu)); } #endif /* _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* thread_info.h: common low-level thread information accessors * * Copyright (C) 2002 David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * - Incorporating suggestions made by Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #define _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/restart_block.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels we need <asm/current.h> for the * definition of current, but for !CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels, * including <asm/current.h> can cause a circular dependency on some platforms. */ #include <asm/current.h> #define current_thread_info() ((struct thread_info *)current) #endif #include <linux/bitops.h> /* * For per-arch arch_within_stack_frames() implementations, defined in * asm/thread_info.h. */ enum { BAD_STACK = -1, NOT_STACK = 0, GOOD_FRAME, GOOD_STACK, }; #include <asm/thread_info.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifndef arch_set_restart_data #define arch_set_restart_data(restart) do { } while (0) #endif static inline long set_restart_fn(struct restart_block *restart, long (*fn)(struct restart_block *)) { restart->fn = fn; arch_set_restart_data(restart); return -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK; } #ifndef THREAD_ALIGN #define THREAD_ALIGN THREAD_SIZE #endif #define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_ZERO) /* * flag set/clear/test wrappers * - pass TIF_xxxx constants to these functions */ static inline void set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void update_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag, bool value) { if (value) set_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); else clear_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); } static inline int test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } #define set_thread_flag(flag) \ set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define clear_thread_flag(flag) \ clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define update_thread_flag(flag, value) \ update_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag, value) #define test_and_set_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_and_clear_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_thread_flag(flag) \ test_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define tif_need_resched() test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_WITHIN_STACK_FRAMES static inline int arch_within_stack_frames(const void * const stack, const void * const stackend, const void *obj, unsigned long len) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY extern void __check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user); static __always_inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(n)) __check_object_size(ptr, n, to_user); } #else static inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { } #endif /* CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY */ extern void __compiletime_error("copy source size is too small") __bad_copy_from(void); extern void __compiletime_error("copy destination size is too small") __bad_copy_to(void); static inline void copy_overflow(int size, unsigned long count) { WARN(1, "Buffer overflow detected (%d < %lu)!\n", size, count); } static __always_inline __must_check bool check_copy_size(const void *addr, size_t bytes, bool is_source) { int sz = __compiletime_object_size(addr); if (unlikely(sz >= 0 && sz < bytes)) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(bytes)) copy_overflow(sz, bytes); else if (is_source) __bad_copy_from(); else __bad_copy_to(); return false; } if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bytes > INT_MAX)) return false; check_object_size(addr, bytes, is_source); return true; } #ifndef arch_setup_new_exec static inline void arch_setup_new_exec(void) { } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* BlueZ - Bluetooth protocol stack for Linux Copyright (C) 2000-2001 Qualcomm Incorporated Written 2000,2001 by Maxim Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation; THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) AND AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, OR ANY SPECIAL INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS, RELATING TO USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IS DISCLAIMED. */ #ifndef __BLUETOOTH_H #define __BLUETOOTH_H #include <linux/poll.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #define BT_SUBSYS_VERSION 2 #define BT_SUBSYS_REVISION 22 #ifndef AF_BLUETOOTH #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #endif /* Bluetooth versions */ #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_1 1 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_2 2 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_0 3 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_1 4 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_4_0 6 /* Reserv for core and drivers use */ #define BT_SKB_RESERVE 8 #define BTPROTO_L2CAP 0 #define BTPROTO_HCI 1 #define BTPROTO_SCO 2 #define BTPROTO_RFCOMM 3 #define BTPROTO_BNEP 4 #define BTPROTO_CMTP 5 #define BTPROTO_HIDP 6 #define BTPROTO_AVDTP 7 #define SOL_HCI 0 #define SOL_L2CAP 6 #define SOL_SCO 17 #define SOL_RFCOMM 18 #define BT_SECURITY 4 struct bt_security { __u8 level; __u8 key_size; }; #define BT_SECURITY_SDP 0 #define BT_SECURITY_LOW 1 #define BT_SECURITY_MEDIUM 2 #define BT_SECURITY_HIGH 3 #define BT_SECURITY_FIPS 4 #define BT_DEFER_SETUP 7 #define BT_FLUSHABLE 8 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_OFF 0 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_ON 1 #define BT_POWER 9 struct bt_power { __u8 force_active; }; #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_OFF 0 #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_ON 1 #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY 10 /* BR/EDR only (default policy) * AMP controllers cannot be used. * Channel move requests from the remote device are denied. * If the L2CAP channel is currently using AMP, move the channel to BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_ONLY 0 /* BR/EDR Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers. * If the L2CAP channel is currently on AMP, move it to BR/EDR. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_PREFERRED 1 /* AMP Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers * If the L2CAP channel is currently on BR/EDR and AMP controller * resources are available, initiate a channel move to AMP. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. * If the L2CAP socket has not been connected yet, try to create * and configure the channel directly on an AMP controller rather * than BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_AMP_PREFERRED 2 #define BT_VOICE 11 struct bt_voice { __u16 setting; }; #define BT_VOICE_TRANSPARENT 0x0003 #define BT_VOICE_CVSD_16BIT 0x0060 #define BT_SNDMTU 12 #define BT_RCVMTU 13 #define BT_PHY 14 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_1SLOT 0x00000001 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_3SLOT 0x00000002 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_5SLOT 0x00000004 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_1SLOT 0x00000008 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_3SLOT 0x00000010 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_5SLOT 0x00000020 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_1SLOT 0x00000040 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_3SLOT 0x00000080 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_5SLOT 0x00000100 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_TX 0x00000200 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_RX 0x00000400 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_TX 0x00000800 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_RX 0x00001000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_TX 0x00002000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_RX 0x00004000 #define BT_MODE 15 #define BT_MODE_BASIC 0x00 #define BT_MODE_ERTM 0x01 #define BT_MODE_STREAMING 0x02 #define BT_MODE_LE_FLOWCTL 0x03 #define BT_MODE_EXT_FLOWCTL 0x04 #define BT_PKT_STATUS 16 #define BT_SCM_PKT_STATUS 0x03 __printf(1, 2) void bt_info(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err(const char *fmt, ...); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) void bt_dbg_set(bool enable); bool bt_dbg_get(void); __printf(1, 2) void bt_dbg(const char *fmt, ...); #endif __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); #define BT_INFO(fmt, ...) bt_info(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_WARN(fmt, ...) bt_warn(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_ERR(fmt, ...) bt_err(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) bt_dbg(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) pr_debug(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define bt_dev_info(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_INFO("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_WARN("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_ERR("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_dbg(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_DBG("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_warn_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_err_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) /* Connection and socket states */ enum { BT_CONNECTED = 1, /* Equal to TCP_ESTABLISHED to make net code happy */ BT_OPEN, BT_BOUND, BT_LISTEN, BT_CONNECT, BT_CONNECT2, BT_CONFIG, BT_DISCONN, BT_CLOSED }; /* If unused will be removed by compiler */ static inline const char *state_to_string(int state) { switch (state) { case BT_CONNECTED: return "BT_CONNECTED"; case BT_OPEN: return "BT_OPEN"; case BT_BOUND: return "BT_BOUND"; case BT_LISTEN: return "BT_LISTEN"; case BT_CONNECT: return "BT_CONNECT"; case BT_CONNECT2: return "BT_CONNECT2"; case BT_CONFIG: return "BT_CONFIG"; case BT_DISCONN: return "BT_DISCONN"; case BT_CLOSED: return "BT_CLOSED"; } return "invalid state"; } /* BD Address */ typedef struct { __u8 b[6]; } __packed bdaddr_t; /* BD Address type */ #define BDADDR_BREDR 0x00 #define BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC 0x01 #define BDADDR_LE_RANDOM 0x02 static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_valid(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_BREDR: case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_le(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } #define BDADDR_ANY (&(bdaddr_t) {{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}}) #define BDADDR_NONE (&(bdaddr_t) {{0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff}}) /* Copy, swap, convert BD Address */ static inline int bacmp(const bdaddr_t *ba1, const bdaddr_t *ba2) { return memcmp(ba1, ba2, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } static inline void bacpy(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src) { memcpy(dst, src, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } void baswap(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src); /* Common socket structures and functions */ #define bt_sk(__sk) ((struct bt_sock *) __sk) struct bt_sock { struct sock sk; struct list_head accept_q; struct sock *parent; unsigned long flags; void (*skb_msg_name)(struct sk_buff *, void *, int *); void (*skb_put_cmsg)(struct sk_buff *, struct msghdr *, struct sock *); }; enum { BT_SK_DEFER_SETUP, BT_SK_SUSPEND, }; struct bt_sock_list { struct hlist_head head; rwlock_t lock; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int (* custom_seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *); #endif }; int bt_sock_register(int proto, const struct net_proto_family *ops); void bt_sock_unregister(int proto); void bt_sock_link(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); void bt_sock_unlink(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); int bt_sock_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); int bt_sock_stream_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); __poll_t bt_sock_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); int bt_sock_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int bt_sock_wait_state(struct sock *sk, int state, unsigned long timeo); int bt_sock_wait_ready(struct sock *sk, unsigned long flags); void bt_accept_enqueue(struct sock *parent, struct sock *sk, bool bh); void bt_accept_unlink(struct sock *sk); struct sock *bt_accept_dequeue(struct sock *parent, struct socket *newsock); /* Skb helpers */ struct l2cap_ctrl { u8 sframe:1, poll:1, final:1, fcs:1, sar:2, super:2; u16 reqseq; u16 txseq; u8 retries; __le16 psm; bdaddr_t bdaddr; struct l2cap_chan *chan; }; struct sco_ctrl { u8 pkt_status; }; struct hci_dev; typedef void (*hci_req_complete_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode); typedef void (*hci_req_complete_skb_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode, struct sk_buff *skb); #define HCI_REQ_START BIT(0) #define HCI_REQ_SKB BIT(1) struct hci_ctrl { u16 opcode; u8 req_flags; u8 req_event; union { hci_req_complete_t req_complete; hci_req_complete_skb_t req_complete_skb; }; }; struct bt_skb_cb { u8 pkt_type; u8 force_active; u16 expect; u8 incoming:1; union { struct l2cap_ctrl l2cap; struct sco_ctrl sco; struct hci_ctrl hci; }; }; #define bt_cb(skb) ((struct bt_skb_cb *)((skb)->cb)) #define hci_skb_pkt_type(skb) bt_cb((skb))->pkt_type #define hci_skb_expect(skb) bt_cb((skb))->expect #define hci_skb_opcode(skb) bt_cb((skb))->hci.opcode static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_alloc(unsigned int len, gfp_t how) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = alloc_skb(len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, how); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_send_alloc(struct sock *sk, unsigned long len, int nb, int *err) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk, len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, nb, err); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); if (!skb && *err) return NULL; *err = sock_error(sk); if (*err) goto out; if (sk->sk_shutdown) { *err = -ECONNRESET; goto out; } return skb; out: kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } int bt_to_errno(u16 code); void hci_sock_set_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); void hci_sock_clear_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); int hci_sock_test_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); unsigned short hci_sock_get_channel(struct sock *sk); u32 hci_sock_get_cookie(struct sock *sk); int hci_sock_init(void); void hci_sock_cleanup(void); int bt_sysfs_init(void); void bt_sysfs_cleanup(void); int bt_procfs_init(struct net *net, const char *name, struct bt_sock_list *sk_list, int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); void bt_procfs_cleanup(struct net *net, const char *name); extern struct dentry *bt_debugfs; int l2cap_init(void); void l2cap_exit(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_BREDR) int sco_init(void); void sco_exit(void); #else static inline int sco_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void sco_exit(void) { } #endif int mgmt_init(void); void mgmt_exit(void); void bt_sock_reclassify_lock(struct sock *sk, int proto); #endif /* __BLUETOOTH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/backing-dev.h * * low-level device information and state which is propagated up through * to high-level code. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H #define _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> #include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> static inline struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { kref_get(&bdi->refcnt); return bdi; } struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get_by_id(u64 id); void bdi_put(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); __printf(2, 3) int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(2, 0) int bdi_register_va(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, va_list args); void bdi_set_owner(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *owner); void bdi_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); struct backing_dev_info *bdi_alloc(int node_id); void wb_start_background_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void wb_workfn(struct work_struct *work); void wb_wakeup_delayed(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void wb_wait_for_completion(struct wb_completion *done); extern spinlock_t bdi_lock; extern struct list_head bdi_list; extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_async_bio_wq; static inline bool wb_has_dirty_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return test_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state); } static inline bool bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { /* * @bdi->tot_write_bandwidth is guaranteed to be > 0 if there are * any dirty wbs. See wb_update_write_bandwidth(). */ return atomic_long_read(&bdi->tot_write_bandwidth); } static inline void __add_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item, s64 amount) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&wb->stat[item], amount, WB_STAT_BATCH); } static inline void inc_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { __add_wb_stat(wb, item, 1); } static inline void dec_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { __add_wb_stat(wb, item, -1); } static inline s64 wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&wb->stat[item]); } static inline s64 wb_stat_sum(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&wb->stat[item]); } extern void wb_writeout_inc(struct bdi_writeback *wb); /* * maximal error of a stat counter. */ static inline unsigned long wb_stat_error(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return nr_cpu_ids * WB_STAT_BATCH; #else return 1; #endif } int bdi_set_min_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int min_ratio); int bdi_set_max_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int max_ratio); /* * Flags in backing_dev_info::capability * * BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK: Supports dirty page writeback, and dirty pages * should contribute to accounting * BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK_ACCT: Automatically account writeback pages * BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT: Keep number of dirty pages below bdi threshold */ #define BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK (1 << 0) #define BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK_ACCT (1 << 1) #define BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT (1 << 2) extern struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info; /** * writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress * @wb: bdi_writeback of interest * * Determine whether there is writeback waiting to be handled against a * bdi_writeback. */ static inline bool writeback_in_progress(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return test_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state); } static inline struct backing_dev_info *inode_to_bdi(struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb; if (!inode) return &noop_backing_dev_info; sb = inode->i_sb; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK if (sb_is_blkdev_sb(sb)) return I_BDEV(inode)->bd_bdi; #endif return sb->s_bdi; } static inline int wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback *wb, int cong_bits) { return wb->congested & cong_bits; } long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout); long wait_iff_congested(int sync, long timeout); static inline bool mapping_can_writeback(struct address_space *mapping) { return inode_to_bdi(mapping->host)->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK; } static inline int bdi_sched_wait(void *word) { schedule(); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_lookup(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css); struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css, gfp_t gfp); void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg); int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits); /** * inode_cgwb_enabled - test whether cgroup writeback is enabled on an inode * @inode: inode of interest * * Cgroup writeback requires support from the filesystem. Also, both memcg and * iocg have to be on the default hierarchy. Test whether all conditions are * met. * * Note that the test result may change dynamically on the same inode * depending on how memcg and iocg are configured. */ static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); return cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys) && cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(io_cgrp_subsys) && (bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK) && (inode->i_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_CGROUPWB); } /** * wb_find_current - find wb for %current on a bdi * @bdi: bdi of interest * * Find the wb of @bdi which matches both the memcg and blkcg of %current. * Must be called under rcu_read_lock() which protects the returend wb. * NULL if not found. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; struct bdi_writeback *wb; memcg_css = task_css(current, memory_cgrp_id); if (!memcg_css->parent) return &bdi->wb; wb = radix_tree_lookup(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id); /* * %current's blkcg equals the effective blkcg of its memcg. No * need to use the relatively expensive cgroup_get_e_css(). */ if (likely(wb && wb->blkcg_css == task_css(current, io_cgrp_id))) return wb; return NULL; } /** * wb_get_create_current - get or create wb for %current on a bdi * @bdi: bdi of interest * @gfp: allocation mask * * Equivalent to wb_get_create() on %current's memcg. This function is * called from a relatively hot path and optimizes the common cases using * wb_find_current(). */ static inline struct bdi_writeback * wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; rcu_read_lock(); wb = wb_find_current(bdi); if (wb && unlikely(!wb_tryget(wb))) wb = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); if (unlikely(!wb)) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; memcg_css = task_get_css(current, memory_cgrp_id); wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, gfp); css_put(memcg_css); } return wb; } /** * inode_to_wb_is_valid - test whether an inode has a wb associated * @inode: inode of interest * * Returns %true if @inode has a wb associated. May be called without any * locking. */ static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode) { return inode->i_wb; } /** * inode_to_wb - determine the wb of an inode * @inode: inode of interest * * Returns the wb @inode is currently associated with. The caller must be * holding either @inode->i_lock, the i_pages lock, or the * associated wb's list_lock. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(const struct inode *inode) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && (!lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_lock) && !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages.xa_lock) && !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_wb->list_lock))); #endif return inode->i_wb; } /** * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin - begin unlocked inode wb access transaction * @inode: target inode * @cookie: output param, to be passed to the end function * * The caller wants to access the wb associated with @inode but isn't * holding inode->i_lock, the i_pages lock or wb->list_lock. This * function determines the wb associated with @inode and ensures that the * association doesn't change until the transaction is finished with * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(). * * The caller must call unlocked_inode_to_wb_end() with *@cookie afterwards and * can't sleep during the transaction. IRQs may or may not be disabled on * return. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { rcu_read_lock(); /* * Paired with store_release in inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() and * ensures that we see the new wb if we see cleared I_WB_SWITCH. */ cookie->locked = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_state) & I_WB_SWITCH; if (unlikely(cookie->locked)) xa_lock_irqsave(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages, cookie->flags); /* * Protected by either !I_WB_SWITCH + rcu_read_lock() or the i_pages * lock. inode_to_wb() will bark. Deref directly. */ return inode->i_wb; } /** * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end - end inode wb access transaction * @inode: target inode * @cookie: @cookie from unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin() */ static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { if (unlikely(cookie->locked)) xa_unlock_irqrestore(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages, cookie->flags); rcu_read_unlock(); } #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return &bdi->wb; } static inline struct bdi_writeback * wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp) { return &bdi->wb; } static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode) { return true; } static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(struct inode *inode) { return &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb; } static inline struct bdi_writeback * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { return inode_to_wb(inode); } static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { } static inline void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg) { } static inline int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits) { return wb_congested(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, cong_bits); } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline int inode_read_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_sync_congested); } static inline int inode_write_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_async_congested); } static inline int inode_rw_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, (1 << WB_sync_congested) | (1 << WB_async_congested)); } static inline int bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int cong_bits) { return wb_congested(&bdi->wb, cong_bits); } static inline int bdi_read_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_sync_congested); } static inline int bdi_write_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_async_congested); } static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, (1 << WB_sync_congested) | (1 << WB_async_congested)); } const char *bdi_dev_name(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); #endif /* _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_ECN_H_ #define _INET_ECN_H_ #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/dsfield.h> enum { INET_ECN_NOT_ECT = 0, INET_ECN_ECT_1 = 1, INET_ECN_ECT_0 = 2, INET_ECN_CE = 3, INET_ECN_MASK = 3, }; extern int sysctl_tunnel_ecn_log; static inline int INET_ECN_is_ce(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_CE; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_not_ect(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_NOT_ECT; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_capable(__u8 dsfield) { return dsfield & INET_ECN_ECT_0; } /* * RFC 3168 9.1.1 * The full-functionality option for ECN encapsulation is to copy the * ECN codepoint of the inside header to the outside header on * encapsulation if the inside header is not-ECT or ECT, and to set the * ECN codepoint of the outside header to ECT(0) if the ECN codepoint of * the inside header is CE. */ static inline __u8 INET_ECN_encapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner) { outer &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; outer |= !INET_ECN_is_ce(inner) ? (inner & INET_ECN_MASK) : INET_ECN_ECT_0; return outer; } static inline void INET_ECN_xmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; } static inline void INET_ECN_dontxmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } #define IP6_ECN_flow_init(label) do { \ (label) &= ~htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); \ } while (0) #define IP6_ECN_flow_xmit(sk, label) do { \ if (INET_ECN_is_capable(inet6_sk(sk)->tclass)) \ (label) |= htonl(INET_ECN_ECT_0 << 20); \ } while (0) static inline int IP_ECN_set_ce(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; u32 ecn = (iph->tos + 1) & INET_ECN_MASK; /* * After the last operation we have (in binary): * INET_ECN_NOT_ECT => 01 * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => 10 * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => 11 * INET_ECN_CE => 00 */ if (!(ecn & 2)) return !ecn; /* * The following gives us: * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => check += htons(0xFFFD) * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => check += htons(0xFFFE) */ check += (__force u16)htons(0xFFFB) + (__force u16)htons(ecn); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos |= INET_ECN_CE; return 1; } static inline int IP_ECN_set_ect1(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; if ((iph->tos & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; check += (__force u16)htons(0x1); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos ^= INET_ECN_MASK; return 1; } static inline void IP_ECN_clear(struct iphdr *iph) { iph->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } static inline void ipv4_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct iphdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv4_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } struct ipv6hdr; /* Note: * IP_ECN_set_ce() has to tweak IPV4 checksum when setting CE, * meaning both changes have no effect on skb->csum if/when CHECKSUM_COMPLETE * In IPv6 case, no checksum compensates the change in IPv6 header, * so we have to update skb->csum. */ static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(ipv6_get_dsfield(iph))) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from | htonl(INET_ECN_CE << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if ((ipv6_get_dsfield(iph) & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from ^ htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline void ipv6_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct ipv6hdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv6_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ce(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ce(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ect1(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ect1(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } /* * RFC 6040 4.2 * To decapsulate the inner header at the tunnel egress, a compliant * tunnel egress MUST set the outgoing ECN field to the codepoint at the * intersection of the appropriate arriving inner header (row) and outer * header (column) in Figure 4 * * +---------+------------------------------------------------+ * |Arriving | Arriving Outer Header | * | Inner +---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Header | Not-ECT | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Not-ECT | Not-ECT |Not-ECT(!!!)|Not-ECT(!!!)| <drop>(!!!)| * | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * | ECT(1) | ECT(1) | ECT(1) (!) | ECT(1) | CE | * | CE | CE | CE | CE(!!!)| CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * * Figure 4: New IP in IP Decapsulation Behaviour * * returns 0 on success * 1 if something is broken and should be logged (!!! above) * 2 if packet should be dropped */ static inline int __INET_ECN_decapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner, bool *set_ce) { if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(inner)) { switch (outer & INET_ECN_MASK) { case INET_ECN_NOT_ECT: return 0; case INET_ECN_ECT_0: case INET_ECN_ECT_1: return 1; case INET_ECN_CE: return 2; } } *set_ce = INET_ECN_is_ce(outer); return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_decapsulate(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 outer, __u8 inner) { bool set_ce = false; int rc; rc = __INET_ECN_decapsulate(outer, inner, &set_ce); if (!rc) { if (set_ce) INET_ECN_set_ce(skb); else if ((outer & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_ECT_1) INET_ECN_set_ect1(skb); } return rc; } static inline int IP_ECN_decapsulate(const struct iphdr *oiph, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, oiph->tos, inner); } static inline int IP6_ECN_decapsulate(const struct ipv6hdr *oipv6h, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, ipv6_get_dsfield(oipv6h), inner); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #define _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #include <uapi/linux/kdev_t.h> #define MINORBITS 20 #define MINORMASK ((1U << MINORBITS) - 1) #define MAJOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) >> MINORBITS)) #define MINOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) & MINORMASK)) #define MKDEV(ma,mi) (((ma) << MINORBITS) | (mi)) #define print_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ sprintf((buffer), "%u:%u\n", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)) #define format_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ ({ \ sprintf(buffer, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)); \ buffer; \ }) /* acceptable for old filesystems */ static __always_inline bool old_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < 256 && MINOR(dev) < 256; } static __always_inline u16 old_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return (MAJOR(dev) << 8) | MINOR(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t old_decode_dev(u16 val) { return MKDEV((val >> 8) & 255, val & 255); } static __always_inline u32 new_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { unsigned major = MAJOR(dev); unsigned minor = MINOR(dev); return (minor & 0xff) | (major << 8) | ((minor & ~0xff) << 12); } static __always_inline dev_t new_decode_dev(u32 dev) { unsigned major = (dev & 0xfff00) >> 8; unsigned minor = (dev & 0xff) | ((dev >> 12) & 0xfff00); return MKDEV(major, minor); } static __always_inline u64 huge_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return new_encode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t huge_decode_dev(u64 dev) { return new_decode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline int sysv_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < (1<<14) && MINOR(dev) < (1<<18); } static __always_inline u32 sysv_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return MINOR(dev) | (MAJOR(dev) << 18); } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_major(u32 dev) { return (dev >> 18) & 0x3fff; } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_minor(u32 dev) { return dev & 0x3ffff; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #include <uapi/linux/eventpoll.h> #include <uapi/linux/kcmp.h> /* Forward declarations to avoid compiler errors */ struct file; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL #ifdef CONFIG_KCMP struct file *get_epoll_tfile_raw_ptr(struct file *file, int tfd, unsigned long toff); #endif /* Used to initialize the epoll bits inside the "struct file" */ static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file->f_ep_links); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file->f_tfile_llink); } /* Used to release the epoll bits inside the "struct file" */ void eventpoll_release_file(struct file *file); /* * This is called from inside fs/file_table.c:__fput() to unlink files * from the eventpoll interface. We need to have this facility to cleanup * correctly files that are closed without being removed from the eventpoll * interface. */ static inline void eventpoll_release(struct file *file) { /* * Fast check to avoid the get/release of the semaphore. Since * we're doing this outside the semaphore lock, it might return * false negatives, but we don't care. It'll help in 99.99% of cases * to avoid the semaphore lock. False positives simply cannot happen * because the file in on the way to be removed and nobody ( but * eventpoll ) has still a reference to this file. */ if (likely(list_empty(&file->f_ep_links))) return; /* * The file is being closed while it is still linked to an epoll * descriptor. We need to handle this by correctly unlinking it * from its containers. */ eventpoll_release_file(file); } int do_epoll_ctl(int epfd, int op, int fd, struct epoll_event *epds, bool nonblock); /* Tells if the epoll_ctl(2) operation needs an event copy from userspace */ static inline int ep_op_has_event(int op) { return op != EPOLL_CTL_DEL; } #else static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file) {} static inline void eventpoll_release(struct file *file) {} #endif #endif /* #ifndef _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internal header to deal with irq_desc->status which will be renamed * to irq_desc->settings. */ enum { _IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS = IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS, _IRQ_PER_CPU = IRQ_PER_CPU, _IRQ_LEVEL = IRQ_LEVEL, _IRQ_NOPROBE = IRQ_NOPROBE, _IRQ_NOREQUEST = IRQ_NOREQUEST, _IRQ_NOTHREAD = IRQ_NOTHREAD, _IRQ_NOAUTOEN = IRQ_NOAUTOEN, _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT = IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT, _IRQ_NO_BALANCING = IRQ_NO_BALANCING, _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD = IRQ_NESTED_THREAD, _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID = IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID, _IRQ_IS_POLLED = IRQ_IS_POLLED, _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY = IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY, _IRQ_HIDDEN = IRQ_HIDDEN, _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK = IRQF_MODIFY_MASK, }; #define IRQ_PER_CPU GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NO_BALANCING GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_LEVEL GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOPROBE GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOREQUEST GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOTHREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOAUTOEN GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NESTED_THREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_IS_POLLED GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_HIDDEN GOT_YOU_MORON #undef IRQF_MODIFY_MASK #define IRQF_MODIFY_MASK GOT_YOU_MORON static inline void irq_settings_clr_and_set(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 clr, u32 set) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~(clr & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); desc->status_use_accessors |= (set & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu_devid(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID; } static inline void irq_settings_set_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline void irq_settings_set_no_balancing(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline bool irq_settings_has_no_balance_set(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline u32 irq_settings_get_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline void irq_settings_set_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 mask) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; desc->status_use_accessors |= mask & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_set_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_request(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOREQUEST); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline void irq_settings_set_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOTHREAD); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline void irq_settings_set_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_probe(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOPROBE); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline void irq_settings_set_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_move_pcntxt(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_autoenable(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOAUTOEN); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_nested_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_polled(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_IS_POLLED; } static inline bool irq_settings_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_hidden(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_HIDDEN; }
10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #include <asm/extable.h> /* * Test whether a block of memory is a valid user space address. * Returns 0 if the range is valid, nonzero otherwise. */ static inline bool __chk_range_not_ok(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long limit) { /* * If we have used "sizeof()" for the size, * we know it won't overflow the limit (but * it might overflow the 'addr', so it's * important to subtract the size from the * limit, not add it to the address). */ if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) return unlikely(addr > limit - size); /* Arbitrary sizes? Be careful about overflow */ addr += size; if (unlikely(addr < size)) return true; return unlikely(addr > limit); } #define __range_not_ok(addr, size, limit) \ ({ \ __chk_user_ptr(addr); \ __chk_range_not_ok((unsigned long __force)(addr), size, limit); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void); # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task() && !pagefault_disabled()) #else # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() #endif /** * access_ok - Checks if a user space pointer is valid * @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check * @size: Size of block to check * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid. * * Note that, depending on architecture, this function probably just * checks that the pointer is in the user space range - after calling * this function, memory access functions may still return -EFAULT. * * Return: true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero) * if it is definitely invalid. */ #define access_ok(addr, size) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \ likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, TASK_SIZE_MAX)); \ }) extern int __get_user_1(void); extern int __get_user_2(void); extern int __get_user_4(void); extern int __get_user_8(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_1(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_2(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_4(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_8(void); extern int __get_user_bad(void); #define __uaccess_begin() stac() #define __uaccess_end() clac() #define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \ ({ \ stac(); \ barrier_nospec(); \ }) /* * This is the smallest unsigned integer type that can fit a value * (up to 'long long') */ #define __inttype(x) __typeof__( \ __typefits(x,char, \ __typefits(x,short, \ __typefits(x,int, \ __typefits(x,long,0ULL))))) #define __typefits(x,type,not) \ __builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x)<=sizeof(type),(unsigned type)0,not) /* * This is used for both get_user() and __get_user() to expand to * the proper special function call that has odd calling conventions * due to returning both a value and an error, and that depends on * the size of the pointer passed in. * * Careful: we have to cast the result to the type of the pointer * for sign reasons. * * The use of _ASM_DX as the register specifier is a bit of a * simplification, as gcc only cares about it as the starting point * and not size: for a 64-bit value it will use %ecx:%edx on 32 bits * (%ecx being the next register in gcc's x86 register sequence), and * %rdx on 64 bits. * * Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants * the base register for something that ends up being a pair. */ #define do_get_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_gu; \ register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P4" \ : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \ __builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \ }) /** * get_user - Get a simple variable from user space. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define get_user(x,ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_get_user_call(get_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __get_user - Get a simple variable from user space, with less checking. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define __get_user(x,ptr) do_get_user_call(get_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, addr, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \ "2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, %l2) \ : : "A" (x), "r" (addr) \ : : label) #else #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "q", "er", label) #endif extern void __put_user_bad(void); /* * Strange magic calling convention: pointer in %ecx, * value in %eax(:%edx), return value in %ecx. clobbers %rbx */ extern void __put_user_1(void); extern void __put_user_2(void); extern void __put_user_4(void); extern void __put_user_8(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_1(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_2(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_4(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_8(void); /* * ptr must be evaluated and assigned to the temporary __ptr_pu before * the assignment of x to __val_pu, to avoid any function calls * involved in the ptr expression (possibly implicitly generated due * to KASAN) from clobbering %ax. */ #define do_put_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_pu; \ void __user *__ptr_pu; \ register __typeof__(*(ptr)) __val_pu asm("%"_ASM_AX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ __ptr_pu = (ptr); \ __val_pu = (x); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P[size]" \ : "=c" (__ret_pu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (__ptr_pu), \ "r" (__val_pu), \ [size] "i" (sizeof(*(ptr))) \ :"ebx"); \ __builtin_expect(__ret_pu, 0); \ }) /** * put_user - Write a simple value into user space. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define put_user(x, ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_put_user_call(put_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __put_user - Write a simple value into user space, with less checking. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define __put_user(x, ptr) do_put_user_call(put_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "b", "iq", label); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "w", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "l", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) do { \ unsigned int __gu_low, __gu_high; \ const unsigned int __user *__gu_ptr; \ __gu_ptr = (const void __user *)(ptr); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_low, __gu_ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_high, __gu_ptr+1, "l", "=r", label); \ (x) = ((unsigned long long)__gu_high << 32) | __gu_low; \ } while (0) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "q", "=r", label) #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, "b", "=q", label); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "w", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ ({ \ __typeof__(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: movl %[lowbits],%%eax\n" \ "2: movl %[highbits],%%edx\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %%eax,%%eax\n" \ " xorl %%edx,%%edx\n" \ " jmp 3b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 4b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, 4b) \ : [errout] "=r" (retval), \ [output] "=&A"(x) \ : [lowbits] "m" (__m(__ptr)), \ [highbits] "m" __m(((u32 __user *)(__ptr)) + 1), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (retval)); \ }) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "q", "=r") #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval) \ do { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ \ retval = 0; \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, retval, "b", "=q"); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "w", "=r"); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "l", "=r"); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, err, itype, ltype) \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %k[output],%k[output]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : [errout] "=r" (err), \ [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (err)) #endif // CONFIG_CC_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* FIXME: this hack is definitely wrong -AK */ struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; }; #define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x)) /* * Tell gcc we read from memory instead of writing: this is because * we do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no * aliasing issues. */ #define __put_user_goto(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %0,%1\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) extern unsigned long copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n); extern __must_check long strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count); extern __must_check long strnlen_user(const char __user *str, long n); unsigned long __must_check clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); unsigned long __must_check __clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #define copy_mc_to_kernel copy_mc_to_kernel unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_user(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #endif /* * movsl can be slow when source and dest are not both 8-byte aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY extern struct movsl_mask { int mask; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp movsl_mask; #endif #define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/uaccess_32.h> #else # include <asm/uaccess_64.h> #endif /* * The "unsafe" user accesses aren't really "unsafe", but the naming * is a big fat warning: you have to not only do the access_ok() * checking before using them, but you have to surround them with the * user_access_begin/end() pair. */ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *ptr, size_t len) { if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len))) return 0; __uaccess_begin_nospec(); return 1; } #define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b) #define user_access_end() __uaccess_end() #define user_access_save() smap_save() #define user_access_restore(x) smap_restore(x) #define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), err_label); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ } while (0) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ int __gu_err; \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* * We want the unsafe accessors to always be inlined and use * the error labels - thus the macro games. */ #define unsafe_copy_loop(dst, src, len, type, label) \ while (len >= sizeof(type)) { \ unsafe_put_user(*(type *)(src),(type __user *)(dst),label); \ dst += sizeof(type); \ src += sizeof(type); \ len -= sizeof(type); \ } #define unsafe_copy_to_user(_dst,_src,_len,label) \ do { \ char __user *__ucu_dst = (_dst); \ const char *__ucu_src = (_src); \ size_t __ucu_len = (_len); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u64, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u32, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u16, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u8, label); \ } while (0) #define HAVE_GET_KERNEL_NOFAULT #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ do { \ int __kr_err; \ \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), __kr_err); \ if (unlikely(__kr_err)) \ goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __put_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __put_user_size(*((type *)(src)), (__force type __user *)(dst), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #define __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> static inline void vmacache_flush(struct task_struct *tsk) { memset(tsk->vmacache.vmas, 0, sizeof(tsk->vmacache.vmas)); } extern void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma); extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif static inline void vmacache_invalidate(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->vmacache_seqnum++; } #endif /* __LINUX_VMACACHE_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * This file contains functions which manage clock event devices. * * Copyright(C) 2005-2006, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005-2007, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright(C) 2006-2007, Timesys Corp., Thomas Gleixner */ #include <linux/clockchips.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include "tick-internal.h" /* The registered clock event devices */ static LIST_HEAD(clockevent_devices); static LIST_HEAD(clockevents_released); /* Protection for the above */ static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(clockevents_lock); /* Protection for unbind operations */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(clockevents_mutex); struct ce_unbind { struct clock_event_device *ce; int res; }; static u64 cev_delta2ns(unsigned long latch, struct clock_event_device *evt, bool ismax) { u64 clc = (u64) latch << evt->shift; u64 rnd; if (WARN_ON(!evt->mult)) evt->mult = 1; rnd = (u64) evt->mult - 1; /* * Upper bound sanity check. If the backwards conversion is * not equal latch, we know that the above shift overflowed. */ if ((clc >> evt->shift) != (u64)latch) clc = ~0ULL; /* * Scaled math oddities: * * For mult <= (1 << shift) we can safely add mult - 1 to * prevent integer rounding loss. So the backwards conversion * from nsec to device ticks will be correct. * * For mult > (1 << shift), i.e. device frequency is > 1GHz we * need to be careful. Adding mult - 1 will result in a value * which when converted back to device ticks can be larger * than latch by up to (mult - 1) >> shift. For the min_delta * calculation we still want to apply this in order to stay * above the minimum device ticks limit. For the upper limit * we would end up with a latch value larger than the upper * limit of the device, so we omit the add to stay below the * device upper boundary. * * Also omit the add if it would overflow the u64 boundary. */ if ((~0ULL - clc > rnd) && (!ismax || evt->mult <= (1ULL << evt->shift))) clc += rnd; do_div(clc, evt->mult); /* Deltas less than 1usec are pointless noise */ return clc > 1000 ? clc : 1000; } /** * clockevents_delta2ns - Convert a latch value (device ticks) to nanoseconds * @latch: value to convert * @evt: pointer to clock event device descriptor * * Math helper, returns latch value converted to nanoseconds (bound checked) */ u64 clockevent_delta2ns(unsigned long latch, struct clock_event_device *evt) { return cev_delta2ns(latch, evt, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clockevent_delta2ns); static int __clockevents_switch_state(struct clock_event_device *dev, enum clock_event_state state) { if (dev->features & CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_DUMMY) return 0; /* Transition with new state-specific callbacks */ switch (state) { case CLOCK_EVT_STATE_DETACHED: /* The clockevent device is getting replaced. Shut it down. */ case CLOCK_EVT_STATE_SHUTDOWN: if (dev->set_state_shutdown) return dev->set_state_shutdown(dev); return 0; case CLOCK_EVT_STATE_PERIODIC: /* Core internal bug */ if (!(dev->features & CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_PERIODIC)) return -ENOSYS; if (dev->set_state_periodic) return dev->set_state_periodic(dev); return 0; case CLOCK_EVT_STATE_ONESHOT: /* Core internal bug */ if (!(dev->features & CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT)) return -ENOSYS; if (dev->set_state_oneshot) return dev->set_state_oneshot(dev); return 0; case CLOCK_EVT_STATE_ONESHOT_STOPPED: /* Core internal bug */ if (WARN_ONCE(!clockevent_state_oneshot(dev), "Current state: %d\n", clockevent_get_state(dev))) return -EINVAL; if (dev->set_state_oneshot_stopped) return dev->set_state_oneshot_stopped(dev); else return -ENOSYS; default: return -ENOSYS; } } /** * clockevents_switch_state - set the operating state of a clock event device * @dev: device to modify * @state: new state * * Must be called with interrupts disabled ! */ void clockevents_switch_state(struct clock_event_device *dev, enum clock_event_state state) { if (clockevent_get_state(dev) != state) { if (__clockevents_switch_state(dev, state)) return; clockevent_set_state(dev, state); /* * A nsec2cyc multiplicator of 0 is invalid and we'd crash * on it, so fix it up and emit a warning: */ if (clockevent_state_oneshot(dev)) { if (WARN_ON(!dev->mult)) dev->mult = 1; } } } /** * clockevents_shutdown - shutdown the device and clear next_event * @dev: device to shutdown */ void clockevents_shutdown(struct clock_event_device *dev) { clockevents_switch_state(dev, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_SHUTDOWN); dev->next_event = KTIME_MAX; } /** * clockevents_tick_resume - Resume the tick device before using it again * @dev: device to resume */ int clockevents_tick_resume(struct clock_event_device *dev) { int ret = 0; if (dev->tick_resume) ret = dev->tick_resume(dev); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_MIN_ADJUST /* Limit min_delta to a jiffie */ #define MIN_DELTA_LIMIT (NSEC_PER_SEC / HZ) /** * clockevents_increase_min_delta - raise minimum delta of a clock event device * @dev: device to increase the minimum delta * * Returns 0 on success, -ETIME when the minimum delta reached the limit. */ static int clockevents_increase_min_delta(struct clock_event_device *dev) { /* Nothing to do if we already reached the limit */ if (dev->min_delta_ns >= MIN_DELTA_LIMIT) { printk_deferred(KERN_WARNING "CE: Reprogramming failure. Giving up\n"); dev->next_event = KTIME_MAX; return -ETIME; } if (dev->min_delta_ns < 5000) dev->min_delta_ns = 5000; else dev->min_delta_ns += dev->min_delta_ns >> 1; if (dev->min_delta_ns > MIN_DELTA_LIMIT) dev->min_delta_ns = MIN_DELTA_LIMIT; printk_deferred(KERN_WARNING "CE: %s increased min_delta_ns to %llu nsec\n", dev->name ? dev->name : "?", (unsigned long long) dev->min_delta_ns); return 0; } /** * clockevents_program_min_delta - Set clock event device to the minimum delay. * @dev: device to program * * Returns 0 on success, -ETIME when the retry loop failed. */ static int clockevents_program_min_delta(struct clock_event_device *dev) { unsigned long long clc; int64_t delta; int i; for (i = 0;;) { delta = dev->min_delta_ns; dev->next_event = ktime_add_ns(ktime_get(), delta); if (clockevent_state_shutdown(dev)) return 0; dev->retries++; clc = ((unsigned long long) delta * dev->mult) >> dev->shift; if (dev->set_next_event((unsigned long) clc, dev) == 0) return 0; if (++i > 2) { /* * We tried 3 times to program the device with the * given min_delta_ns. Try to increase the minimum * delta, if that fails as well get out of here. */ if (clockevents_increase_min_delta(dev)) return -ETIME; i = 0; } } } #else /* CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_MIN_ADJUST */ /** * clockevents_program_min_delta - Set clock event device to the minimum delay. * @dev: device to program * * Returns 0 on success, -ETIME when the retry loop failed. */ static int clockevents_program_min_delta(struct clock_event_device *dev) { unsigned long long clc; int64_t delta = 0; int i; for (i = 0; i < 10; i++) { delta += dev->min_delta_ns; dev->next_event = ktime_add_ns(ktime_get(), delta); if (clockevent_state_shutdown(dev)) return 0; dev->retries++; clc = ((unsigned long long) delta * dev->mult) >> dev->shift; if (dev->set_next_event((unsigned long) clc, dev) == 0) return 0; } return -ETIME; } #endif /* CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_MIN_ADJUST */ /** * clockevents_program_event - Reprogram the clock event device. * @dev: device to program * @expires: absolute expiry time (monotonic clock) * @force: program minimum delay if expires can not be set * * Returns 0 on success, -ETIME when the event is in the past. */ int clockevents_program_event(struct clock_event_device *dev, ktime_t expires, bool force) { unsigned long long clc; int64_t delta; int rc; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(expires < 0)) return -ETIME; dev->next_event = expires; if (clockevent_state_shutdown(dev)) return 0; /* We must be in ONESHOT state here */ WARN_ONCE(!clockevent_state_oneshot(dev), "Current state: %d\n", clockevent_get_state(dev)); /* Shortcut for clockevent devices that can deal with ktime. */ if (dev->features & CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_KTIME) return dev->set_next_ktime(expires, dev); delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(expires, ktime_get())); if (delta <= 0) return force ? clockevents_program_min_delta(dev) : -ETIME; delta = min(delta, (int64_t) dev->max_delta_ns); delta = max(delta, (int64_t) dev->min_delta_ns); clc = ((unsigned long long) delta * dev->mult) >> dev->shift; rc = dev->set_next_event((unsigned long) clc, dev); return (rc && force) ? clockevents_program_min_delta(dev) : rc; } /* * Called after a notify add to make devices available which were * released from the notifier call. */ static void clockevents_notify_released(void) { struct clock_event_device *dev; while (!list_empty(&clockevents_released)) { dev = list_entry(clockevents_released.next, struct clock_event_device, list); list_del(&dev->list); list_add(&dev->list, &clockevent_devices); tick_check_new_device(dev); } } /* * Try to install a replacement clock event device */ static int clockevents_replace(struct clock_event_device *ced) { struct clock_event_device *dev, *newdev = NULL; list_for_each_entry(dev, &clockevent_devices, list) { if (dev == ced || !clockevent_state_detached(dev)) continue; if (!tick_check_replacement(newdev, dev)) continue; if (!try_module_get(dev->owner)) continue; if (newdev) module_put(newdev->owner); newdev = dev; } if (newdev) { tick_install_replacement(newdev); list_del_init(&ced->list); } return newdev ? 0 : -EBUSY; } /* * Called with clockevents_mutex and clockevents_lock held */ static int __clockevents_try_unbind(struct clock_event_device *ced, int cpu) { /* Fast track. Device is unused */ if (clockevent_state_detached(ced)) { list_del_init(&ced->list); return 0; } return ced == per_cpu(tick_cpu_device, cpu).evtdev ? -EAGAIN : -EBUSY; } /* * SMP function call to unbind a device */ static void __clockevents_unbind(void *arg) { struct ce_unbind *cu = arg; int res; raw_spin_lock(&clockevents_lock); res = __clockevents_try_unbind(cu->ce, smp_processor_id()); if (res == -EAGAIN) res = clockevents_replace(cu->ce); cu->res = res; raw_spin_unlock(&clockevents_lock); } /* * Issues smp function call to unbind a per cpu device. Called with * clockevents_mutex held. */ static int clockevents_unbind(struct clock_event_device *ced, int cpu) { struct ce_unbind cu = { .ce = ced, .res = -ENODEV }; smp_call_function_single(cpu, __clockevents_unbind, &cu, 1); return cu.res; } /* * Unbind a clockevents device. */ int clockevents_unbind_device(struct clock_event_device *ced, int cpu) { int ret; mutex_lock(&clockevents_mutex); ret = clockevents_unbind(ced, cpu); mutex_unlock(&clockevents_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clockevents_unbind_device); /** * clockevents_register_device - register a clock event device * @dev: device to register */ void clockevents_register_device(struct clock_event_device *dev) { unsigned long flags; /* Initialize state to DETACHED */ clockevent_set_state(dev, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_DETACHED); if (!dev->cpumask) { WARN_ON(num_possible_cpus() > 1); dev->cpumask = cpumask_of(smp_processor_id()); } if (dev->cpumask == cpu_all_mask) { WARN(1, "%s cpumask == cpu_all_mask, using cpu_possible_mask instead\n", dev->name); dev->cpumask = cpu_possible_mask; } raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&clockevents_lock, flags); list_add(&dev->list, &clockevent_devices); tick_check_new_device(dev); clockevents_notify_released(); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&clockevents_lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clockevents_register_device); static void clockevents_config(struct clock_event_device *dev, u32 freq) { u64 sec; if (!(dev->features & CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT)) return; /* * Calculate the maximum number of seconds we can sleep. Limit * to 10 minutes for hardware which can program more than * 32bit ticks so we still get reasonable conversion values. */ sec = dev->max_delta_ticks; do_div(sec, freq); if (!sec) sec = 1; else if (sec > 600 && dev->max_delta_ticks > UINT_MAX) sec = 600; clockevents_calc_mult_shift(dev, freq, sec); dev->min_delta_ns = cev_delta2ns(dev->min_delta_ticks, dev, false); dev->max_delta_ns = cev_delta2ns(dev->max_delta_ticks, dev, true); } /** * clockevents_config_and_register - Configure and register a clock event device * @dev: device to register * @freq: The clock frequency * @min_delta: The minimum clock ticks to program in oneshot mode * @max_delta: The maximum clock ticks to program in oneshot mode * * min/max_delta can be 0 for devices which do not support oneshot mode. */ void clockevents_config_and_register(struct clock_event_device *dev, u32 freq, unsigned long min_delta, unsigned long max_delta) { dev->min_delta_ticks = min_delta; dev->max_delta_ticks = max_delta; clockevents_config(dev, freq); clockevents_register_device(dev); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clockevents_config_and_register); int __clockevents_update_freq(struct clock_event_device *dev, u32 freq) { clockevents_config(dev, freq); if (clockevent_state_oneshot(dev)) return clockevents_program_event(dev, dev->next_event, false); if (clockevent_state_periodic(dev)) return __clockevents_switch_state(dev, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_PERIODIC); return 0; } /** * clockevents_update_freq - Update frequency and reprogram a clock event device. * @dev: device to modify * @freq: new device frequency * * Reconfigure and reprogram a clock event device in oneshot * mode. Must be called on the cpu for which the device delivers per * cpu timer events. If called for the broadcast device the core takes * care of serialization. * * Returns 0 on success, -ETIME when the event is in the past. */ int clockevents_update_freq(struct clock_event_device *dev, u32 freq) { unsigned long flags; int ret; local_irq_save(flags); ret = tick_broadcast_update_freq(dev, freq); if (ret == -ENODEV) ret = __clockevents_update_freq(dev, freq); local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } /* * Noop handler when we shut down an event device */ void clockevents_handle_noop(struct clock_event_device *dev) { } /** * clockevents_exchange_device - release and request clock devices * @old: device to release (can be NULL) * @new: device to request (can be NULL) * * Called from various tick functions with clockevents_lock held and * interrupts disabled. */ void clockevents_exchange_device(struct clock_event_device *old, struct clock_event_device *new) { /* * Caller releases a clock event device. We queue it into the * released list and do a notify add later. */ if (old) { module_put(old->owner); clockevents_switch_state(old, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_DETACHED); list_del(&old->list); list_add(&old->list, &clockevents_released); } if (new) { BUG_ON(!clockevent_state_detached(new)); clockevents_shutdown(new); } } /** * clockevents_suspend - suspend clock devices */ void clockevents_suspend(void) { struct clock_event_device *dev; list_for_each_entry_reverse(dev, &clockevent_devices, list) if (dev->suspend && !clockevent_state_detached(dev)) dev->suspend(dev); } /** * clockevents_resume - resume clock devices */ void clockevents_resume(void) { struct clock_event_device *dev; list_for_each_entry(dev, &clockevent_devices, list) if (dev->resume && !clockevent_state_detached(dev)) dev->resume(dev); } #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU # ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST /** * tick_offline_cpu - Take CPU out of the broadcast mechanism * @cpu: The outgoing CPU * * Called on the outgoing CPU after it took itself offline. */ void tick_offline_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { raw_spin_lock(&clockevents_lock); tick_broadcast_offline(cpu); raw_spin_unlock(&clockevents_lock); } # endif /** * tick_cleanup_dead_cpu - Cleanup the tick and clockevents of a dead cpu */ void tick_cleanup_dead_cpu(int cpu) { struct clock_event_device *dev, *tmp; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&clockevents_lock, flags); tick_shutdown(cpu); /* * Unregister the clock event devices which were * released from the users in the notify chain. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(dev, tmp, &clockevents_released, list) list_del(&dev->list); /* * Now check whether the CPU has left unused per cpu devices */ list_for_each_entry_safe(dev, tmp, &clockevent_devices, list) { if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, dev->cpumask) && cpumask_weight(dev->cpumask) == 1 && !tick_is_broadcast_device(dev)) { BUG_ON(!clockevent_state_detached(dev)); list_del(&dev->list); } } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&clockevents_lock, flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS static struct bus_type clockevents_subsys = { .name = "clockevents", .dev_name = "clockevent", }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct device, tick_percpu_dev); static struct tick_device *tick_get_tick_dev(struct device *dev); static ssize_t sysfs_show_current_tick_dev(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct tick_device *td; ssize_t count = 0; raw_spin_lock_irq(&clockevents_lock); td = tick_get_tick_dev(dev); if (td && td->evtdev) count = snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%s\n", td->evtdev->name); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&clockevents_lock); return count; } static DEVICE_ATTR(current_device, 0444, sysfs_show_current_tick_dev, NULL); /* We don't support the abomination of removable broadcast devices */ static ssize_t sysfs_unbind_tick_dev(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { char name[CS_NAME_LEN]; ssize_t ret = sysfs_get_uname(buf, name, count); struct clock_event_device *ce; if (ret < 0) return ret; ret = -ENODEV; mutex_lock(&clockevents_mutex); raw_spin_lock_irq(&clockevents_lock); list_for_each_entry(ce, &clockevent_devices, list) { if (!strcmp(ce->name, name)) { ret = __clockevents_try_unbind(ce, dev->id); break; } } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&clockevents_lock); /* * We hold clockevents_mutex, so ce can't go away */ if (ret == -EAGAIN) ret = clockevents_unbind(ce, dev->id); mutex_unlock(&clockevents_mutex); return ret ? ret : count; } static DEVICE_ATTR(unbind_device, 0200, NULL, sysfs_unbind_tick_dev); #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST static struct device tick_bc_dev = { .init_name = "broadcast", .id = 0, .bus = &clockevents_subsys, }; static struct tick_device *tick_get_tick_dev(struct device *dev) { return dev == &tick_bc_dev ? tick_get_broadcast_device() : &per_cpu(tick_cpu_device, dev->id); } static __init int tick_broadcast_init_sysfs(void) { int err = device_register(&tick_bc_dev); if (!err) err = device_create_file(&tick_bc_dev, &dev_attr_current_device); return err; } #else static struct tick_device *tick_get_tick_dev(struct device *dev) { return &per_cpu(tick_cpu_device, dev->id); } static inline int tick_broadcast_init_sysfs(void) { return 0; } #endif static int __init tick_init_sysfs(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct device *dev = &per_cpu(tick_percpu_dev, cpu); int err; dev->id = cpu; dev->bus = &clockevents_subsys; err = device_register(dev); if (!err) err = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_current_device); if (!err) err = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_unbind_device); if (err) return err; } return tick_broadcast_init_sysfs(); } static int __init clockevents_init_sysfs(void) { int err = subsys_system_register(&clockevents_subsys, NULL); if (!err) err = tick_init_sysfs(); return err; } device_initcall(clockevents_init_sysfs); #endif /* SYSFS */
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1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 /* * mm/rmap.c - physical to virtual reverse mappings * * Copyright 2001, Rik van Riel <riel@conectiva.com.br> * Released under the General Public License (GPL). * * Simple, low overhead reverse mapping scheme. * Please try to keep this thing as modular as possible. * * Provides methods for unmapping each kind of mapped page: * the anon methods track anonymous pages, and * the file methods track pages belonging to an inode. * * Original design by Rik van Riel <riel@conectiva.com.br> 2001 * File methods by Dave McCracken <dmccr@us.ibm.com> 2003, 2004 * Anonymous methods by Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> 2004 * Contributions by Hugh Dickins 2003, 2004 */ /* * Lock ordering in mm: * * inode->i_mutex (while writing or truncating, not reading or faulting) * mm->mmap_lock * page->flags PG_locked (lock_page) * (see huegtlbfs below) * hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key (in huge_pmd_share) * mapping->i_mmap_rwsem * hugetlb_fault_mutex (hugetlbfs specific page fault mutex) * anon_vma->rwsem * mm->page_table_lock or pte_lock * pgdat->lru_lock (in mark_page_accessed, isolate_lru_page) * swap_lock (in swap_duplicate, swap_info_get) * mmlist_lock (in mmput, drain_mmlist and others) * mapping->private_lock (in __set_page_dirty_buffers) * mem_cgroup_{begin,end}_page_stat (memcg->move_lock) * i_pages lock (widely used) * inode->i_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty) * bdi.wb->list_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty) * sb_lock (within inode_lock in fs/fs-writeback.c) * i_pages lock (widely used, in set_page_dirty, * in arch-dependent flush_dcache_mmap_lock, * within bdi.wb->list_lock in __sync_single_inode) * * anon_vma->rwsem,mapping->i_mutex (memory_failure, collect_procs_anon) * ->tasklist_lock * pte map lock * * * hugetlbfs PageHuge() pages take locks in this order: * mapping->i_mmap_rwsem * hugetlb_fault_mutex (hugetlbfs specific page fault mutex) * page->flags PG_locked (lock_page) */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/huge_mm.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/page_idle.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <trace/events/tlb.h> #include "internal.h" static struct kmem_cache *anon_vma_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *anon_vma_chain_cachep; static inline struct anon_vma *anon_vma_alloc(void) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma; anon_vma = kmem_cache_alloc(anon_vma_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (anon_vma) { atomic_set(&anon_vma->refcount, 1); anon_vma->degree = 1; /* Reference for first vma */ anon_vma->parent = anon_vma; /* * Initialise the anon_vma root to point to itself. If called * from fork, the root will be reset to the parents anon_vma. */ anon_vma->root = anon_vma; } return anon_vma; } static inline void anon_vma_free(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&anon_vma->refcount)); /* * Synchronize against page_lock_anon_vma_read() such that * we can safely hold the lock without the anon_vma getting * freed. * * Relies on the full mb implied by the atomic_dec_and_test() from * put_anon_vma() against the acquire barrier implied by * down_read_trylock() from page_lock_anon_vma_read(). This orders: * * page_lock_anon_vma_read() VS put_anon_vma() * down_read_trylock() atomic_dec_and_test() * LOCK MB * atomic_read() rwsem_is_locked() * * LOCK should suffice since the actual taking of the lock must * happen _before_ what follows. */ might_sleep(); if (rwsem_is_locked(&anon_vma->root->rwsem)) { anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma); anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma); } kmem_cache_free(anon_vma_cachep, anon_vma); } static inline struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_chain_alloc(gfp_t gfp) { return kmem_cache_alloc(anon_vma_chain_cachep, gfp); } static void anon_vma_chain_free(struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_chain) { kmem_cache_free(anon_vma_chain_cachep, anon_vma_chain); } static void anon_vma_chain_link(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct anon_vma_chain *avc, struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { avc->vma = vma; avc->anon_vma = anon_vma; list_add(&avc->same_vma, &vma->anon_vma_chain); anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root); } /** * __anon_vma_prepare - attach an anon_vma to a memory region * @vma: the memory region in question * * This makes sure the memory mapping described by 'vma' has * an 'anon_vma' attached to it, so that we can associate the * anonymous pages mapped into it with that anon_vma. * * The common case will be that we already have one, which * is handled inline by anon_vma_prepare(). But if * not we either need to find an adjacent mapping that we * can re-use the anon_vma from (very common when the only * reason for splitting a vma has been mprotect()), or we * allocate a new one. * * Anon-vma allocations are very subtle, because we may have * optimistically looked up an anon_vma in page_lock_anon_vma_read() * and that may actually touch the spinlock even in the newly * allocated vma (it depends on RCU to make sure that the * anon_vma isn't actually destroyed). * * As a result, we need to do proper anon_vma locking even * for the new allocation. At the same time, we do not want * to do any locking for the common case of already having * an anon_vma. * * This must be called with the mmap_lock held for reading. */ int __anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct anon_vma *anon_vma, *allocated; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; might_sleep(); avc = anon_vma_chain_alloc(GFP_KERNEL); if (!avc) goto out_enomem; anon_vma = find_mergeable_anon_vma(vma); allocated = NULL; if (!anon_vma) { anon_vma = anon_vma_alloc(); if (unlikely(!anon_vma)) goto out_enomem_free_avc; allocated = anon_vma; } anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma); /* page_table_lock to protect against threads */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (likely(!vma->anon_vma)) { vma->anon_vma = anon_vma; anon_vma_chain_link(vma, avc, anon_vma); /* vma reference or self-parent link for new root */ anon_vma->degree++; allocated = NULL; avc = NULL; } spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma); if (unlikely(allocated)) put_anon_vma(allocated); if (unlikely(avc)) anon_vma_chain_free(avc); return 0; out_enomem_free_avc: anon_vma_chain_free(avc); out_enomem: return -ENOMEM; } /* * This is a useful helper function for locking the anon_vma root as * we traverse the vma->anon_vma_chain, looping over anon_vma's that * have the same vma. * * Such anon_vma's should have the same root, so you'd expect to see * just a single mutex_lock for the whole traversal. */ static inline struct anon_vma *lock_anon_vma_root(struct anon_vma *root, struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { struct anon_vma *new_root = anon_vma->root; if (new_root != root) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(root)) up_write(&root->rwsem); root = new_root; down_write(&root->rwsem); } return root; } static inline void unlock_anon_vma_root(struct anon_vma *root) { if (root) up_write(&root->rwsem); } /* * Attach the anon_vmas from src to dst. * Returns 0 on success, -ENOMEM on failure. * * anon_vma_clone() is called by __vma_split(), __split_vma(), copy_vma() and * anon_vma_fork(). The first three want an exact copy of src, while the last * one, anon_vma_fork(), may try to reuse an existing anon_vma to prevent * endless growth of anon_vma. Since dst->anon_vma is set to NULL before call, * we can identify this case by checking (!dst->anon_vma && src->anon_vma). * * If (!dst->anon_vma && src->anon_vma) is true, this function tries to find * and reuse existing anon_vma which has no vmas and only one child anon_vma. * This prevents degradation of anon_vma hierarchy to endless linear chain in * case of constantly forking task. On the other hand, an anon_vma with more * than one child isn't reused even if there was no alive vma, thus rmap * walker has a good chance of avoiding scanning the whole hierarchy when it * searches where page is mapped. */ int anon_vma_clone(struct vm_area_struct *dst, struct vm_area_struct *src) { struct anon_vma_chain *avc, *pavc; struct anon_vma *root = NULL; list_for_each_entry_reverse(pavc, &src->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma; avc = anon_vma_chain_alloc(GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (unlikely(!avc)) { unlock_anon_vma_root(root); root = NULL; avc = anon_vma_chain_alloc(GFP_KERNEL); if (!avc) goto enomem_failure; } anon_vma = pavc->anon_vma; root = lock_anon_vma_root(root, anon_vma); anon_vma_chain_link(dst, avc, anon_vma); /* * Reuse existing anon_vma if its degree lower than two, * that means it has no vma and only one anon_vma child. * * Do not chose parent anon_vma, otherwise first child * will always reuse it. Root anon_vma is never reused: * it has self-parent reference and at least one child. */ if (!dst->anon_vma && src->anon_vma && anon_vma != src->anon_vma && anon_vma->degree < 2) dst->anon_vma = anon_vma; } if (dst->anon_vma) dst->anon_vma->degree++; unlock_anon_vma_root(root); return 0; enomem_failure: /* * dst->anon_vma is dropped here otherwise its degree can be incorrectly * decremented in unlink_anon_vmas(). * We can safely do this because callers of anon_vma_clone() don't care * about dst->anon_vma if anon_vma_clone() failed. */ dst->anon_vma = NULL; unlink_anon_vmas(dst); return -ENOMEM; } /* * Attach vma to its own anon_vma, as well as to the anon_vmas that * the corresponding VMA in the parent process is attached to. * Returns 0 on success, non-zero on failure. */ int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *pvma) { struct anon_vma_chain *avc; struct anon_vma *anon_vma; int error; /* Don't bother if the parent process has no anon_vma here. */ if (!pvma->anon_vma) return 0; /* Drop inherited anon_vma, we'll reuse existing or allocate new. */ vma->anon_vma = NULL; /* * First, attach the new VMA to the parent VMA's anon_vmas, * so rmap can find non-COWed pages in child processes. */ error = anon_vma_clone(vma, pvma); if (error) return error; /* An existing anon_vma has been reused, all done then. */ if (vma->anon_vma) return 0; /* Then add our own anon_vma. */ anon_vma = anon_vma_alloc(); if (!anon_vma) goto out_error; avc = anon_vma_chain_alloc(GFP_KERNEL); if (!avc) goto out_error_free_anon_vma; /* * The root anon_vma's spinlock is the lock actually used when we * lock any of the anon_vmas in this anon_vma tree. */ anon_vma->root = pvma->anon_vma->root; anon_vma->parent = pvma->anon_vma; /* * With refcounts, an anon_vma can stay around longer than the * process it belongs to. The root anon_vma needs to be pinned until * this anon_vma is freed, because the lock lives in the root. */ get_anon_vma(anon_vma->root); /* Mark this anon_vma as the one where our new (COWed) pages go. */ vma->anon_vma = anon_vma; anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma); anon_vma_chain_link(vma, avc, anon_vma); anon_vma->parent->degree++; anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma); return 0; out_error_free_anon_vma: put_anon_vma(anon_vma); out_error: unlink_anon_vmas(vma); return -ENOMEM; } void unlink_anon_vmas(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma_chain *avc, *next; struct anon_vma *root = NULL; /* * Unlink each anon_vma chained to the VMA. This list is ordered * from newest to oldest, ensuring the root anon_vma gets freed last. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(avc, next, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = avc->anon_vma; root = lock_anon_vma_root(root, anon_vma); anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root); /* * Leave empty anon_vmas on the list - we'll need * to free them outside the lock. */ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&anon_vma->rb_root.rb_root)) { anon_vma->parent->degree--; continue; } list_del(&avc->same_vma); anon_vma_chain_free(avc); } if (vma->anon_vma) vma->anon_vma->degree--; unlock_anon_vma_root(root); /* * Iterate the list once more, it now only contains empty and unlinked * anon_vmas, destroy them. Could not do before due to __put_anon_vma() * needing to write-acquire the anon_vma->root->rwsem. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(avc, next, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = avc->anon_vma; VM_WARN_ON(anon_vma->degree); put_anon_vma(anon_vma); list_del(&avc->same_vma); anon_vma_chain_free(avc); } } static void anon_vma_ctor(void *data) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = data; init_rwsem(&anon_vma->rwsem); atomic_set(&anon_vma->refcount, 0); anon_vma->rb_root = RB_ROOT_CACHED; } void __init anon_vma_init(void) { anon_vma_cachep = kmem_cache_create("anon_vma", sizeof(struct anon_vma), 0, SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, anon_vma_ctor); anon_vma_chain_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(anon_vma_chain, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT); } /* * Getting a lock on a stable anon_vma from a page off the LRU is tricky! * * Since there is no serialization what so ever against page_remove_rmap() * the best this function can do is return a locked anon_vma that might * have been relevant to this page. * * The page might have been remapped to a different anon_vma or the anon_vma * returned may already be freed (and even reused). * * In case it was remapped to a different anon_vma, the new anon_vma will be a * child of the old anon_vma, and the anon_vma lifetime rules will therefore * ensure that any anon_vma obtained from the page will still be valid for as * long as we observe page_mapped() [ hence all those page_mapped() tests ]. * * All users of this function must be very careful when walking the anon_vma * chain and verify that the page in question is indeed mapped in it * [ something equivalent to page_mapped_in_vma() ]. * * Since anon_vma's slab is SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU and we know from * page_remove_rmap() that the anon_vma pointer from page->mapping is valid * if there is a mapcount, we can dereference the anon_vma after observing * those. */ struct anon_vma *page_get_anon_vma(struct page *page) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL; unsigned long anon_mapping; rcu_read_lock(); anon_mapping = (unsigned long)READ_ONCE(page->mapping); if ((anon_mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) goto out; if (!page_mapped(page)) goto out; anon_vma = (struct anon_vma *) (anon_mapping - PAGE_MAPPING_ANON); if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&anon_vma->refcount)) { anon_vma = NULL; goto out; } /* * If this page is still mapped, then its anon_vma cannot have been * freed. But if it has been unmapped, we have no security against the * anon_vma structure being freed and reused (for another anon_vma: * SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU guarantees that - so the atomic_inc_not_zero() * above cannot corrupt). */ if (!page_mapped(page)) { rcu_read_unlock(); put_anon_vma(anon_vma); return NULL; } out: rcu_read_unlock(); return anon_vma; } /* * Similar to page_get_anon_vma() except it locks the anon_vma. * * Its a little more complex as it tries to keep the fast path to a single * atomic op -- the trylock. If we fail the trylock, we fall back to getting a * reference like with page_get_anon_vma() and then block on the mutex. */ struct anon_vma *page_lock_anon_vma_read(struct page *page) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL; struct anon_vma *root_anon_vma; unsigned long anon_mapping; rcu_read_lock(); anon_mapping = (unsigned long)READ_ONCE(page->mapping); if ((anon_mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) goto out; if (!page_mapped(page)) goto out; anon_vma = (struct anon_vma *) (anon_mapping - PAGE_MAPPING_ANON); root_anon_vma = READ_ONCE(anon_vma->root); if (down_read_trylock(&root_anon_vma->rwsem)) { /* * If the page is still mapped, then this anon_vma is still * its anon_vma, and holding the mutex ensures that it will * not go away, see anon_vma_free(). */ if (!page_mapped(page)) { up_read(&root_anon_vma->rwsem); anon_vma = NULL; } goto out; } /* trylock failed, we got to sleep */ if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&anon_vma->refcount)) { anon_vma = NULL; goto out; } if (!page_mapped(page)) { rcu_read_unlock(); put_anon_vma(anon_vma); return NULL; } /* we pinned the anon_vma, its safe to sleep */ rcu_read_unlock(); anon_vma_lock_read(anon_vma); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&anon_vma->refcount)) { /* * Oops, we held the last refcount, release the lock * and bail -- can't simply use put_anon_vma() because * we'll deadlock on the anon_vma_lock_write() recursion. */ anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma); __put_anon_vma(anon_vma); anon_vma = NULL; } return anon_vma; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return anon_vma; } void page_unlock_anon_vma_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH /* * Flush TLB entries for recently unmapped pages from remote CPUs. It is * important if a PTE was dirty when it was unmapped that it's flushed * before any IO is initiated on the page to prevent lost writes. Similarly, * it must be flushed before freeing to prevent data leakage. */ void try_to_unmap_flush(void) { struct tlbflush_unmap_batch *tlb_ubc = &current->tlb_ubc; if (!tlb_ubc->flush_required) return; arch_tlbbatch_flush(&tlb_ubc->arch); tlb_ubc->flush_required = false; tlb_ubc->writable = false; } /* Flush iff there are potentially writable TLB entries that can race with IO */ void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void) { struct tlbflush_unmap_batch *tlb_ubc = &current->tlb_ubc; if (tlb_ubc->writable) try_to_unmap_flush(); } static void set_tlb_ubc_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm, bool writable) { struct tlbflush_unmap_batch *tlb_ubc = &current->tlb_ubc; arch_tlbbatch_add_mm(&tlb_ubc->arch, mm); tlb_ubc->flush_required = true; /* * Ensure compiler does not re-order the setting of tlb_flush_batched * before the PTE is cleared. */ barrier(); mm->tlb_flush_batched = true; /* * If the PTE was dirty then it's best to assume it's writable. The * caller must use try_to_unmap_flush_dirty() or try_to_unmap_flush() * before the page is queued for IO. */ if (writable) tlb_ubc->writable = true; } /* * Returns true if the TLB flush should be deferred to the end of a batch of * unmap operations to reduce IPIs. */ static bool should_defer_flush(struct mm_struct *mm, enum ttu_flags flags) { bool should_defer = false; if (!(flags & TTU_BATCH_FLUSH)) return false; /* If remote CPUs need to be flushed then defer batch the flush */ if (cpumask_any_but(mm_cpumask(mm), get_cpu()) < nr_cpu_ids) should_defer = true; put_cpu(); return should_defer; } /* * Reclaim unmaps pages under the PTL but do not flush the TLB prior to * releasing the PTL if TLB flushes are batched. It's possible for a parallel * operation such as mprotect or munmap to race between reclaim unmapping * the page and flushing the page. If this race occurs, it potentially allows * access to data via a stale TLB entry. Tracking all mm's that have TLB * batching in flight would be expensive during reclaim so instead track * whether TLB batching occurred in the past and if so then do a flush here * if required. This will cost one additional flush per reclaim cycle paid * by the first operation at risk such as mprotect and mumap. * * This must be called under the PTL so that an access to tlb_flush_batched * that is potentially a "reclaim vs mprotect/munmap/etc" race will synchronise * via the PTL. */ void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (data_race(mm->tlb_flush_batched)) { flush_tlb_mm(mm); /* * Do not allow the compiler to re-order the clearing of * tlb_flush_batched before the tlb is flushed. */ barrier(); mm->tlb_flush_batched = false; } } #else static void set_tlb_ubc_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm, bool writable) { } static bool should_defer_flush(struct mm_struct *mm, enum ttu_flags flags) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH */ /* * At what user virtual address is page expected in vma? * Caller should check the page is actually part of the vma. */ unsigned long page_address_in_vma(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (PageAnon(page)) { struct anon_vma *page__anon_vma = page_anon_vma(page); /* * Note: swapoff's unuse_vma() is more efficient with this * check, and needs it to match anon_vma when KSM is active. */ if (!vma->anon_vma || !page__anon_vma || vma->anon_vma->root != page__anon_vma->root) return -EFAULT; } else if (!vma->vm_file) { return -EFAULT; } else if (vma->vm_file->f_mapping != compound_head(page)->mapping) { return -EFAULT; } return vma_address(page, vma); } pmd_t *mm_find_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pmd_t pmde; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (!pud_present(*pud)) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); /* * Some THP functions use the sequence pmdp_huge_clear_flush(), set_pmd_at() * without holding anon_vma lock for write. So when looking for a * genuine pmde (in which to find pte), test present and !THP together. */ pmde = *pmd; barrier(); if (!pmd_present(pmde) || pmd_trans_huge(pmde)) pmd = NULL; out: return pmd; } struct page_referenced_arg { int mapcount; int referenced; unsigned long vm_flags; struct mem_cgroup *memcg; }; /* * arg: page_referenced_arg will be passed */ static bool page_referenced_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, void *arg) { struct page_referenced_arg *pra = arg; struct page_vma_mapped_walk pvmw = { .page = page, .vma = vma, .address = address, }; int referenced = 0; while (page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw)) { address = pvmw.address; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); pra->vm_flags |= VM_LOCKED; return false; /* To break the loop */ } if (pvmw.pte) { if (ptep_clear_flush_young_notify(vma, address, pvmw.pte)) { /* * Don't treat a reference through * a sequentially read mapping as such. * If the page has been used in another mapping, * we will catch it; if this other mapping is * already gone, the unmap path will have set * PG_referenced or activated the page. */ if (likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) referenced++; } } else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE)) { if (pmdp_clear_flush_young_notify(vma, address, pvmw.pmd)) referenced++; } else { /* unexpected pmd-mapped page? */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); } pra->mapcount--; } if (referenced) clear_page_idle(page); if (test_and_clear_page_young(page)) referenced++; if (referenced) { pra->referenced++; pra->vm_flags |= vma->vm_flags; } if (!pra->mapcount) return false; /* To break the loop */ return true; } static bool invalid_page_referenced_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *arg) { struct page_referenced_arg *pra = arg; struct mem_cgroup *memcg = pra->memcg; if (!mm_match_cgroup(vma->vm_mm, memcg)) return true; return false; } /** * page_referenced - test if the page was referenced * @page: the page to test * @is_locked: caller holds lock on the page * @memcg: target memory cgroup * @vm_flags: collect encountered vma->vm_flags who actually referenced the page * * Quick test_and_clear_referenced for all mappings to a page, * returns the number of ptes which referenced the page. */ int page_referenced(struct page *page, int is_locked, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *vm_flags) { int we_locked = 0; struct page_referenced_arg pra = { .mapcount = total_mapcount(page), .memcg = memcg, }; struct rmap_walk_control rwc = { .rmap_one = page_referenced_one, .arg = (void *)&pra, .anon_lock = page_lock_anon_vma_read, }; *vm_flags = 0; if (!pra.mapcount) return 0; if (!page_rmapping(page)) return 0; if (!is_locked && (!PageAnon(page) || PageKsm(page))) { we_locked = trylock_page(page); if (!we_locked) return 1; } /* * If we are reclaiming on behalf of a cgroup, skip * counting on behalf of references from different * cgroups */ if (memcg) { rwc.invalid_vma = invalid_page_referenced_vma; } rmap_walk(page, &rwc); *vm_flags = pra.vm_flags; if (we_locked) unlock_page(page); return pra.referenced; } static bool page_mkclean_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, void *arg) { struct page_vma_mapped_walk pvmw = { .page = page, .vma = vma, .address = address, .flags = PVMW_SYNC, }; struct mmu_notifier_range range; int *cleaned = arg; /* * We have to assume the worse case ie pmd for invalidation. Note that * the page can not be free from this function. */ mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, vma_address_end(page, vma)); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); while (page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw)) { int ret = 0; address = pvmw.address; if (pvmw.pte) { pte_t entry; pte_t *pte = pvmw.pte; if (!pte_dirty(*pte) && !pte_write(*pte)) continue; flush_cache_page(vma, address, pte_pfn(*pte)); entry = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pte); entry = pte_wrprotect(entry); entry = pte_mkclean(entry); set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pte, entry); ret = 1; } else { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE pmd_t *pmd = pvmw.pmd; pmd_t entry; if (!pmd_dirty(*pmd) && !pmd_write(*pmd)) continue; flush_cache_page(vma, address, page_to_pfn(page)); entry = pmdp_invalidate(vma, address, pmd); entry = pmd_wrprotect(entry); entry = pmd_mkclean(entry); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmd, entry); ret = 1; #else /* unexpected pmd-mapped page? */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); #endif } /* * No need to call mmu_notifier_invalidate_range() as we are * downgrading page table protection not changing it to point * to a new page. * * See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst */ if (ret) (*cleaned)++; } mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); return true; } static bool invalid_mkclean_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *arg) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return false; return true; } int page_mkclean(struct page *page) { int cleaned = 0; struct address_space *mapping; struct rmap_walk_control rwc = { .arg = (void *)&cleaned, .rmap_one = page_mkclean_one, .invalid_vma = invalid_mkclean_vma, }; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (!page_mapped(page)) return 0; mapping = page_mapping(page); if (!mapping) return 0; rmap_walk(page, &rwc); return cleaned; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_mkclean); /** * page_move_anon_rmap - move a page to our anon_vma * @page: the page to move to our anon_vma * @vma: the vma the page belongs to * * When a page belongs exclusively to one process after a COW event, * that page can be moved into the anon_vma that belongs to just that * process, so the rmap code will not search the parent or sibling * processes. */ void page_move_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma; page = compound_head(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_VMA(!anon_vma, vma); anon_vma = (void *) anon_vma + PAGE_MAPPING_ANON; /* * Ensure that anon_vma and the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit are written * simultaneously, so a concurrent reader (eg page_referenced()'s * PageAnon()) will not see one without the other. */ WRITE_ONCE(page->mapping, (struct address_space *) anon_vma); } /** * __page_set_anon_rmap - set up new anonymous rmap * @page: Page or Hugepage to add to rmap * @vma: VM area to add page to. * @address: User virtual address of the mapping * @exclusive: the page is exclusively owned by the current process */ static void __page_set_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, int exclusive) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma; BUG_ON(!anon_vma); if (PageAnon(page)) return; /* * If the page isn't exclusively mapped into this vma, * we must use the _oldest_ possible anon_vma for the * page mapping! */ if (!exclusive) anon_vma = anon_vma->root; anon_vma = (void *) anon_vma + PAGE_MAPPING_ANON; page->mapping = (struct address_space *) anon_vma; page->index = linear_page_index(vma, address); } /** * __page_check_anon_rmap - sanity check anonymous rmap addition * @page: the page to add the mapping to * @vma: the vm area in which the mapping is added * @address: the user virtual address mapped */ static void __page_check_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { /* * The page's anon-rmap details (mapping and index) are guaranteed to * be set up correctly at this point. * * We have exclusion against page_add_anon_rmap because the caller * always holds the page locked, except if called from page_dup_rmap, * in which case the page is already known to be setup. * * We have exclusion against page_add_new_anon_rmap because those pages * are initially only visible via the pagetables, and the pte is locked * over the call to page_add_new_anon_rmap. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_anon_vma(page)->root != vma->anon_vma->root, page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_to_pgoff(page) != linear_page_index(vma, address), page); } /** * page_add_anon_rmap - add pte mapping to an anonymous page * @page: the page to add the mapping to * @vma: the vm area in which the mapping is added * @address: the user virtual address mapped * @compound: charge the page as compound or small page * * The caller needs to hold the pte lock, and the page must be locked in * the anon_vma case: to serialize mapping,index checking after setting, * and to ensure that PageAnon is not being upgraded racily to PageKsm * (but PageKsm is never downgraded to PageAnon). */ void page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool compound) { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, address, compound ? RMAP_COMPOUND : 0); } /* * Special version of the above for do_swap_page, which often runs * into pages that are exclusively owned by the current process. * Everybody else should continue to use page_add_anon_rmap above. */ void do_page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, int flags) { bool compound = flags & RMAP_COMPOUND; bool first; if (unlikely(PageKsm(page))) lock_page_memcg(page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); if (compound) { atomic_t *mapcount; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageTransHuge(page), page); mapcount = compound_mapcount_ptr(page); first = atomic_inc_and_test(mapcount); } else { first = atomic_inc_and_test(&page->_mapcount); } if (first) { int nr = compound ? thp_nr_pages(page) : 1; /* * We use the irq-unsafe __{inc|mod}_zone_page_stat because * these counters are not modified in interrupt context, and * pte lock(a spinlock) is held, which implies preemption * disabled. */ if (compound) __inc_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_ANON_THPS); __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_ANON_MAPPED, nr); } if (unlikely(PageKsm(page))) { unlock_page_memcg(page); return; } /* address might be in next vma when migration races vma_adjust */ if (first) __page_set_anon_rmap(page, vma, address, flags & RMAP_EXCLUSIVE); else __page_check_anon_rmap(page, vma, address); } /** * page_add_new_anon_rmap - add pte mapping to a new anonymous page * @page: the page to add the mapping to * @vma: the vm area in which the mapping is added * @address: the user virtual address mapped * @compound: charge the page as compound or small page * * Same as page_add_anon_rmap but must only be called on *new* pages. * This means the inc-and-test can be bypassed. * Page does not have to be locked. */ void page_add_new_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool compound) { int nr = compound ? thp_nr_pages(page) : 1; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end, vma); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); if (compound) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageTransHuge(page), page); /* increment count (starts at -1) */ atomic_set(compound_mapcount_ptr(page), 0); if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) atomic_set(compound_pincount_ptr(page), 0); __inc_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_ANON_THPS); } else { /* Anon THP always mapped first with PMD */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTransCompound(page), page); /* increment count (starts at -1) */ atomic_set(&page->_mapcount, 0); } __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_ANON_MAPPED, nr); __page_set_anon_rmap(page, vma, address, 1); } /** * page_add_file_rmap - add pte mapping to a file page * @page: the page to add the mapping to * @compound: charge the page as compound or small page * * The caller needs to hold the pte lock. */ void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *page, bool compound) { int i, nr = 1; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound && !PageTransHuge(page), page); lock_page_memcg(page); if (compound && PageTransHuge(page)) { for (i = 0, nr = 0; i < thp_nr_pages(page); i++) { if (atomic_inc_and_test(&page[i]._mapcount)) nr++; } if (!atomic_inc_and_test(compound_mapcount_ptr(page))) goto out; if (PageSwapBacked(page)) __inc_node_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED); else __inc_node_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED); } else { if (PageTransCompound(page) && page_mapping(page)) { VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageLocked(page)); SetPageDoubleMap(compound_head(page)); if (PageMlocked(page)) clear_page_mlock(compound_head(page)); } if (!atomic_inc_and_test(&page->_mapcount)) goto out; } __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_FILE_MAPPED, nr); out: unlock_page_memcg(page); } static void page_remove_file_rmap(struct page *page, bool compound) { int i, nr = 1; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound && !PageHead(page), page); /* Hugepages are not counted in NR_FILE_MAPPED for now. */ if (unlikely(PageHuge(page))) { /* hugetlb pages are always mapped with pmds */ atomic_dec(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)); return; } /* page still mapped by someone else? */ if (compound && PageTransHuge(page)) { for (i = 0, nr = 0; i < thp_nr_pages(page); i++) { if (atomic_add_negative(-1, &page[i]._mapcount)) nr++; } if (!atomic_add_negative(-1, compound_mapcount_ptr(page))) return; if (PageSwapBacked(page)) __dec_node_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED); else __dec_node_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED); } else { if (!atomic_add_negative(-1, &page->_mapcount)) return; } /* * We use the irq-unsafe __{inc|mod}_lruvec_page_state because * these counters are not modified in interrupt context, and * pte lock(a spinlock) is held, which implies preemption disabled. */ __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_FILE_MAPPED, -nr); if (unlikely(PageMlocked(page))) clear_page_mlock(page); } static void page_remove_anon_compound_rmap(struct page *page) { int i, nr; if (!atomic_add_negative(-1, compound_mapcount_ptr(page))) return; /* Hugepages are not counted in NR_ANON_PAGES for now. */ if (unlikely(PageHuge(page))) return; if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE)) return; __dec_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_ANON_THPS); if (TestClearPageDoubleMap(page)) { /* * Subpages can be mapped with PTEs too. Check how many of * them are still mapped. */ for (i = 0, nr = 0; i < thp_nr_pages(page); i++) { if (atomic_add_negative(-1, &page[i]._mapcount)) nr++; } /* * Queue the page for deferred split if at least one small * page of the compound page is unmapped, but at least one * small page is still mapped. */ if (nr && nr < thp_nr_pages(page)) deferred_split_huge_page(page); } else { nr = thp_nr_pages(page); } if (unlikely(PageMlocked(page))) clear_page_mlock(page); if (nr) __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_ANON_MAPPED, -nr); } /** * page_remove_rmap - take down pte mapping from a page * @page: page to remove mapping from * @compound: uncharge the page as compound or small page * * The caller needs to hold the pte lock. */ void page_remove_rmap(struct page *page, bool compound) { lock_page_memcg(page); if (!PageAnon(page)) { page_remove_file_rmap(page, compound); goto out; } if (compound) { page_remove_anon_compound_rmap(page); goto out; } /* page still mapped by someone else? */ if (!atomic_add_negative(-1, &page->_mapcount)) goto out; /* * We use the irq-unsafe __{inc|mod}_zone_page_stat because * these counters are not modified in interrupt context, and * pte lock(a spinlock) is held, which implies preemption disabled. */ __dec_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_ANON_MAPPED); if (unlikely(PageMlocked(page))) clear_page_mlock(page); if (PageTransCompound(page)) deferred_split_huge_page(compound_head(page)); /* * It would be tidy to reset the PageAnon mapping here, * but that might overwrite a racing page_add_anon_rmap * which increments mapcount after us but sets mapping * before us: so leave the reset to free_unref_page, * and remember that it's only reliable while mapped. * Leaving it set also helps swapoff to reinstate ptes * faster for those pages still in swapcache. */ out: unlock_page_memcg(page); } /* * @arg: enum ttu_flags will be passed to this argument */ static bool try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, void *arg) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page_vma_mapped_walk pvmw = { .page = page, .vma = vma, .address = address, }; pte_t pteval; struct page *subpage; bool ret = true; struct mmu_notifier_range range; enum ttu_flags flags = (enum ttu_flags)(long)arg; /* * When racing against e.g. zap_pte_range() on another cpu, * in between its ptep_get_and_clear_full() and page_remove_rmap(), * try_to_unmap() may return false when it is about to become true, * if page table locking is skipped: use TTU_SYNC to wait for that. */ if (flags & TTU_SYNC) pvmw.flags = PVMW_SYNC; /* munlock has nothing to gain from examining un-locked vmas */ if ((flags & TTU_MUNLOCK) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) return true; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MIGRATION) && (flags & TTU_MIGRATION) && is_zone_device_page(page) && !is_device_private_page(page)) return true; if (flags & TTU_SPLIT_HUGE_PMD) { split_huge_pmd_address(vma, address, flags & TTU_SPLIT_FREEZE, page); } /* * For THP, we have to assume the worse case ie pmd for invalidation. * For hugetlb, it could be much worse if we need to do pud * invalidation in the case of pmd sharing. * * Note that the page can not be free in this function as call of * try_to_unmap() must hold a reference on the page. */ range.end = PageKsm(page) ? address + PAGE_SIZE : vma_address_end(page, vma); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); if (PageHuge(page)) { /* * If sharing is possible, start and end will be adjusted * accordingly. */ adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(vma, &range.start, &range.end); } mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); while (page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw)) { #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION /* PMD-mapped THP migration entry */ if (!pvmw.pte && (flags & TTU_MIGRATION)) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageHuge(page) || !PageTransCompound(page), page); set_pmd_migration_entry(&pvmw, page); continue; } #endif /* * If the page is mlock()d, we cannot swap it out. * If it's recently referenced (perhaps page_referenced * skipped over this mm) then we should reactivate it. */ if (!(flags & TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK)) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { /* PTE-mapped THP are never mlocked */ if (!PageTransCompound(page)) { /* * Holding pte lock, we do *not* need * mmap_lock here */ mlock_vma_page(page); } ret = false; page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); break; } if (flags & TTU_MUNLOCK) continue; } /* Unexpected PMD-mapped THP? */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!pvmw.pte, page); subpage = page - page_to_pfn(page) + pte_pfn(*pvmw.pte); address = pvmw.address; if (PageHuge(page) && !PageAnon(page)) { /* * To call huge_pmd_unshare, i_mmap_rwsem must be * held in write mode. Caller needs to explicitly * do this outside rmap routines. */ VM_BUG_ON(!(flags & TTU_RMAP_LOCKED)); if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, vma, &address, pvmw.pte)) { /* * huge_pmd_unshare unmapped an entire PMD * page. There is no way of knowing exactly * which PMDs may be cached for this mm, so * we must flush them all. start/end were * already adjusted above to cover this range. */ flush_cache_range(vma, range.start, range.end); flush_tlb_range(vma, range.start, range.end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(mm, range.start, range.end); /* * The ref count of the PMD page was dropped * which is part of the way map counting * is done for shared PMDs. Return 'true' * here. When there is no other sharing, * huge_pmd_unshare returns false and we will * unmap the actual page and drop map count * to zero. */ page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); break; } } if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MIGRATION) && (flags & TTU_MIGRATION) && is_zone_device_page(page)) { swp_entry_t entry; pte_t swp_pte; pteval = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte); /* * Store the pfn of the page in a special migration * pte. do_swap_page() will wait until the migration * pte is removed and then restart fault handling. */ entry = make_migration_entry(page, 0); swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); /* * pteval maps a zone device page and is therefore * a swap pte. */ if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(pteval)) swp_pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(swp_pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(pteval)) swp_pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(swp_pte); set_pte_at(mm, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte, swp_pte); /* * No need to invalidate here it will synchronize on * against the special swap migration pte. * * The assignment to subpage above was computed from a * swap PTE which results in an invalid pointer. * Since only PAGE_SIZE pages can currently be * migrated, just set it to page. This will need to be * changed when hugepage migrations to device private * memory are supported. */ subpage = page; goto discard; } /* Nuke the page table entry. */ flush_cache_page(vma, address, pte_pfn(*pvmw.pte)); if (should_defer_flush(mm, flags)) { /* * We clear the PTE but do not flush so potentially * a remote CPU could still be writing to the page. * If the entry was previously clean then the * architecture must guarantee that a clear->dirty * transition on a cached TLB entry is written through * and traps if the PTE is unmapped. */ pteval = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, address, pvmw.pte); set_tlb_ubc_flush_pending(mm, pte_dirty(pteval)); } else { pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pvmw.pte); } /* Move the dirty bit to the page. Now the pte is gone. */ if (pte_dirty(pteval)) set_page_dirty(page); /* Update high watermark before we lower rss */ update_hiwater_rss(mm); if (PageHWPoison(page) && !(flags & TTU_IGNORE_HWPOISON)) { pteval = swp_entry_to_pte(make_hwpoison_entry(subpage)); if (PageHuge(page)) { hugetlb_count_sub(compound_nr(page), mm); set_huge_swap_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, pteval, vma_mmu_pagesize(vma)); } else { dec_mm_counter(mm, mm_counter(page)); set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, pteval); } } else if (pte_unused(pteval) && !userfaultfd_armed(vma)) { /* * The guest indicated that the page content is of no * interest anymore. Simply discard the pte, vmscan * will take care of the rest. * A future reference will then fault in a new zero * page. When userfaultfd is active, we must not drop * this page though, as its main user (postcopy * migration) will not expect userfaults on already * copied pages. */ dec_mm_counter(mm, mm_counter(page)); /* We have to invalidate as we cleared the pte */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(mm, address, address + PAGE_SIZE); } else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MIGRATION) && (flags & (TTU_MIGRATION|TTU_SPLIT_FREEZE))) { swp_entry_t entry; pte_t swp_pte; if (arch_unmap_one(mm, vma, address, pteval) < 0) { set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, pteval); ret = false; page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); break; } /* * Store the pfn of the page in a special migration * pte. do_swap_page() will wait until the migration * pte is removed and then restart fault handling. */ entry = make_migration_entry(subpage, pte_write(pteval)); swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_soft_dirty(pteval)) swp_pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(swp_pte); if (pte_uffd_wp(pteval)) swp_pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(swp_pte); set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, swp_pte); /* * No need to invalidate here it will synchronize on * against the special swap migration pte. */ } else if (PageAnon(page)) { swp_entry_t entry = { .val = page_private(subpage) }; pte_t swp_pte; /* * Store the swap location in the pte. * See handle_pte_fault() ... */ if (unlikely(PageSwapBacked(page) != PageSwapCache(page))) { WARN_ON_ONCE(1); ret = false; /* We have to invalidate as we cleared the pte */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(mm, address, address + PAGE_SIZE); page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); break; } /* MADV_FREE page check */ if (!PageSwapBacked(page)) { if (!PageDirty(page)) { /* Invalidate as we cleared the pte */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(mm, address, address + PAGE_SIZE); dec_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); goto discard; } /* * If the page was redirtied, it cannot be * discarded. Remap the page to page table. */ set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, pteval); SetPageSwapBacked(page); ret = false; page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); break; } if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) { set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, pteval); ret = false; page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); break; } if (arch_unmap_one(mm, vma, address, pteval) < 0) { set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, pteval); ret = false; page_vma_mapped_walk_done(&pvmw); break; } if (list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) list_add(&mm->mmlist, &init_mm.mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } dec_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); inc_mm_counter(mm, MM_SWAPENTS); swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_soft_dirty(pteval)) swp_pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(swp_pte); if (pte_uffd_wp(pteval)) swp_pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(swp_pte); set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw.pte, swp_pte); /* Invalidate as we cleared the pte */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(mm, address, address + PAGE_SIZE); } else { /* * This is a locked file-backed page, thus it cannot * be removed from the page cache and replaced by a new * page before mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end, so no * concurrent thread might update its page table to * point at new page while a device still is using this * page. * * See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst */ dec_mm_counter(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); } discard: /* * No need to call mmu_notifier_invalidate_range() it has be * done above for all cases requiring it to happen under page * table lock before mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end() * * See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst */ page_remove_rmap(subpage, PageHuge(page)); put_page(page); } mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); return ret; } static bool invalid_migration_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *arg) { return vma_is_temporary_stack(vma); } static int page_not_mapped(struct page *page) { return !page_mapped(page); } /** * try_to_unmap - try to remove all page table mappings to a page * @page: the page to get unmapped * @flags: action and flags * * Tries to remove all the page table entries which are mapping this * page, used in the pageout path. Caller must hold the page lock. * * If unmap is successful, return true. Otherwise, false. */ bool try_to_unmap(struct page *page, enum ttu_flags flags) { struct rmap_walk_control rwc = { .rmap_one = try_to_unmap_one, .arg = (void *)flags, .done = page_not_mapped, .anon_lock = page_lock_anon_vma_read, }; /* * During exec, a temporary VMA is setup and later moved. * The VMA is moved under the anon_vma lock but not the * page tables leading to a race where migration cannot * find the migration ptes. Rather than increasing the * locking requirements of exec(), migration skips * temporary VMAs until after exec() completes. */ if ((flags & (TTU_MIGRATION|TTU_SPLIT_FREEZE)) && !PageKsm(page) && PageAnon(page)) rwc.invalid_vma = invalid_migration_vma; if (flags & TTU_RMAP_LOCKED) rmap_walk_locked(page, &rwc); else rmap_walk(page, &rwc); /* * When racing against e.g. zap_pte_range() on another cpu, * in between its ptep_get_and_clear_full() and page_remove_rmap(), * try_to_unmap() may return false when it is about to become true, * if page table locking is skipped: use TTU_SYNC to wait for that. */ return !page_mapcount(page); } /** * try_to_munlock - try to munlock a page * @page: the page to be munlocked * * Called from munlock code. Checks all of the VMAs mapping the page * to make sure nobody else has this page mlocked. The page will be * returned with PG_mlocked cleared if no other vmas have it mlocked. */ void try_to_munlock(struct page *page) { struct rmap_walk_control rwc = { .rmap_one = try_to_unmap_one, .arg = (void *)TTU_MUNLOCK, .done = page_not_mapped, .anon_lock = page_lock_anon_vma_read, }; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page) || PageLRU(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageCompound(page) && PageDoubleMap(page), page); rmap_walk(page, &rwc); } void __put_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { struct anon_vma *root = anon_vma->root; anon_vma_free(anon_vma); if (root != anon_vma && atomic_dec_and_test(&root->refcount)) anon_vma_free(root); } static struct anon_vma *rmap_walk_anon_lock(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma; if (rwc->anon_lock) return rwc->anon_lock(page); /* * Note: remove_migration_ptes() cannot use page_lock_anon_vma_read() * because that depends on page_mapped(); but not all its usages * are holding mmap_lock. Users without mmap_lock are required to * take a reference count to prevent the anon_vma disappearing */ anon_vma = page_anon_vma(page); if (!anon_vma) return NULL; anon_vma_lock_read(anon_vma); return anon_vma; } /* * rmap_walk_anon - do something to anonymous page using the object-based * rmap method * @page: the page to be handled * @rwc: control variable according to each walk type * * Find all the mappings of a page using the mapping pointer and the vma chains * contained in the anon_vma struct it points to. * * When called from try_to_munlock(), the mmap_lock of the mm containing the vma * where the page was found will be held for write. So, we won't recheck * vm_flags for that VMA. That should be OK, because that vma shouldn't be * LOCKED. */ static void rmap_walk_anon(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc, bool locked) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma; pgoff_t pgoff_start, pgoff_end; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; if (locked) { anon_vma = page_anon_vma(page); /* anon_vma disappear under us? */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!anon_vma, page); } else { anon_vma = rmap_walk_anon_lock(page, rwc); } if (!anon_vma) return; pgoff_start = page_to_pgoff(page); pgoff_end = pgoff_start + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root, pgoff_start, pgoff_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = avc->vma; unsigned long address = vma_address(page, vma); VM_BUG_ON_VMA(address == -EFAULT, vma); cond_resched(); if (rwc->invalid_vma && rwc->invalid_vma(vma, rwc->arg)) continue; if (!rwc->rmap_one(page, vma, address, rwc->arg)) break; if (rwc->done && rwc->done(page)) break; } if (!locked) anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma); } /* * rmap_walk_file - do something to file page using the object-based rmap method * @page: the page to be handled * @rwc: control variable according to each walk type * * Find all the mappings of a page using the mapping pointer and the vma chains * contained in the address_space struct it points to. * * When called from try_to_munlock(), the mmap_lock of the mm containing the vma * where the page was found will be held for write. So, we won't recheck * vm_flags for that VMA. That should be OK, because that vma shouldn't be * LOCKED. */ static void rmap_walk_file(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc, bool locked) { struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); pgoff_t pgoff_start, pgoff_end; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * The page lock not only makes sure that page->mapping cannot * suddenly be NULLified by truncation, it makes sure that the * structure at mapping cannot be freed and reused yet, * so we can safely take mapping->i_mmap_rwsem. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); if (!mapping) return; pgoff_start = page_to_pgoff(page); pgoff_end = pgoff_start + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; if (!locked) i_mmap_lock_read(mapping); vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, &mapping->i_mmap, pgoff_start, pgoff_end) { unsigned long address = vma_address(page, vma); VM_BUG_ON_VMA(address == -EFAULT, vma); cond_resched(); if (rwc->invalid_vma && rwc->invalid_vma(vma, rwc->arg)) continue; if (!rwc->rmap_one(page, vma, address, rwc->arg)) goto done; if (rwc->done && rwc->done(page)) goto done; } done: if (!locked) i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping); } void rmap_walk(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc) { if (unlikely(PageKsm(page))) rmap_walk_ksm(page, rwc); else if (PageAnon(page)) rmap_walk_anon(page, rwc, false); else rmap_walk_file(page, rwc, false); } /* Like rmap_walk, but caller holds relevant rmap lock */ void rmap_walk_locked(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc) { /* no ksm support for now */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); if (PageAnon(page)) rmap_walk_anon(page, rwc, true); else rmap_walk_file(page, rwc, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE /* * The following two functions are for anonymous (private mapped) hugepages. * Unlike common anonymous pages, anonymous hugepages have no accounting code * and no lru code, because we handle hugepages differently from common pages. */ void hugepage_add_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma; int first; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(!anon_vma); /* address might be in next vma when migration races vma_adjust */ first = atomic_inc_and_test(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)); if (first) __page_set_anon_rmap(page, vma, address, 0); } void hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { BUG_ON(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end); atomic_set(compound_mapcount_ptr(page), 0); if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) atomic_set(compound_pincount_ptr(page), 0); __page_set_anon_rmap(page, vma, address, 1); } #endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Scatterlist Cryptographic API. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2002 David S. Miller (davem@redhat.com) * Copyright (c) 2005 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> * * Portions derived from Cryptoapi, by Alexander Kjeldaas <astor@fast.no> * and Nettle, by Niels Möller. */ #ifndef _LINUX_CRYPTO_H #define _LINUX_CRYPTO_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/completion.h> /* * Autoloaded crypto modules should only use a prefixed name to avoid allowing * arbitrary modules to be loaded. Loading from userspace may still need the * unprefixed names, so retains those aliases as well. * This uses __MODULE_INFO directly instead of MODULE_ALIAS because pre-4.3 * gcc (e.g. avr32 toolchain) uses __LINE__ for uniqueness, and this macro * expands twice on the same line. Instead, use a separate base name for the * alias. */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_CRYPTO(name) \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_userspace, name); \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_crypto, "crypto-" name) /* * Algorithm masks and types. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK 0x0000000f #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER 0x00000001 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_COMPRESS 0x00000002 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AEAD 0x00000003 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER 0x00000005 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_KPP 0x00000008 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_ACOMPRESS 0x0000000a #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SCOMPRESS 0x0000000b #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_RNG 0x0000000c #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AKCIPHER 0x0000000d #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_HASH 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SHASH 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AHASH 0x0000000f #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_HASH_MASK 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AHASH_MASK 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_ACOMPRESS_MASK 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_LARVAL 0x00000010 #define CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD 0x00000020 #define CRYPTO_ALG_DYING 0x00000040 #define CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC 0x00000080 /* * Set if the algorithm (or an algorithm which it uses) requires another * algorithm of the same type to handle corner cases. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_NEED_FALLBACK 0x00000100 /* * Set if the algorithm has passed automated run-time testing. Note that * if there is no run-time testing for a given algorithm it is considered * to have passed. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_TESTED 0x00000400 /* * Set if the algorithm is an instance that is built from templates. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_INSTANCE 0x00000800 /* Set this bit if the algorithm provided is hardware accelerated but * not available to userspace via instruction set or so. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_KERN_DRIVER_ONLY 0x00001000 /* * Mark a cipher as a service implementation only usable by another * cipher and never by a normal user of the kernel crypto API */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_INTERNAL 0x00002000 /* * Set if the algorithm has a ->setkey() method but can be used without * calling it first, i.e. there is a default key. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_OPTIONAL_KEY 0x00004000 /* * Don't trigger module loading */ #define CRYPTO_NOLOAD 0x00008000 /* * The algorithm may allocate memory during request processing, i.e. during * encryption, decryption, or hashing. Users can request an algorithm with this * flag unset if they can't handle memory allocation failures. * * This flag is currently only implemented for algorithms of type "skcipher", * "aead", "ahash", "shash", and "cipher". Algorithms of other types might not * have this flag set even if they allocate memory. * * In some edge cases, algorithms can allocate memory regardless of this flag. * To avoid these cases, users must obey the following usage constraints: * skcipher: * - The IV buffer and all scatterlist elements must be aligned to the * algorithm's alignmask. * - If the data were to be divided into chunks of size * crypto_skcipher_walksize() (with any remainder going at the end), no * chunk can cross a page boundary or a scatterlist element boundary. * aead: * - The IV buffer and all scatterlist elements must be aligned to the * algorithm's alignmask. * - The first scatterlist element must contain all the associated data, * and its pages must be !PageHighMem. * - If the plaintext/ciphertext were to be divided into chunks of size * crypto_aead_walksize() (with the remainder going at the end), no chunk * can cross a page boundary or a scatterlist element boundary. * ahash: * - The result buffer must be aligned to the algorithm's alignmask. * - crypto_ahash_finup() must not be used unless the algorithm implements * ->finup() natively. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_ALLOCATES_MEMORY 0x00010000 /* * Transform masks and values (for crt_flags). */ #define CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY 0x00000001 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MASK 0x000fff00 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_FORBID_WEAK_KEYS 0x00000100 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP 0x00000200 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG 0x00000400 /* * Miscellaneous stuff. */ #define CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME 128 /* * The macro CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR (along with the void * type in the actual * declaration) is used to ensure that the crypto_tfm context structure is * aligned correctly for the given architecture so that there are no alignment * faults for C data types. On architectures that support non-cache coherent * DMA, such as ARM or arm64, it also takes into account the minimal alignment * that is required to ensure that the context struct member does not share any * cachelines with the rest of the struct. This is needed to ensure that cache * maintenance for non-coherent DMA (cache invalidation in particular) does not * affect data that may be accessed by the CPU concurrently. */ #define CRYPTO_MINALIGN ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN #define CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR __attribute__ ((__aligned__(CRYPTO_MINALIGN))) struct scatterlist; struct crypto_async_request; struct crypto_tfm; struct crypto_type; typedef void (*crypto_completion_t)(struct crypto_async_request *req, int err); /** * DOC: Block Cipher Context Data Structures * * These data structures define the operating context for each block cipher * type. */ struct crypto_async_request { struct list_head list; crypto_completion_t complete; void *data; struct crypto_tfm *tfm; u32 flags; }; /** * DOC: Block Cipher Algorithm Definitions * * These data structures define modular crypto algorithm implementations, * managed via crypto_register_alg() and crypto_unregister_alg(). */ /** * struct cipher_alg - single-block symmetric ciphers definition * @cia_min_keysize: Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is * the smallest key length supported by this transformation * algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined * values as this is not hardware specific. Possible values * for this field can be found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" * include/crypto/ * @cia_max_keysize: Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is * the largest key length supported by this transformation * algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined values * as this is not hardware specific. Possible values for this * field can be found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" * include/crypto/ * @cia_setkey: Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either * program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the * transformation context for programming it later. Note that this * function does modify the transformation context. This function * can be called multiple times during the existence of the * transformation object, so one must make sure the key is properly * reprogrammed into the hardware. This function is also * responsible for checking the key length for validity. * @cia_encrypt: Encrypt a single block. This function is used to encrypt a * single block of data, which must be @cra_blocksize big. This * always operates on a full @cra_blocksize and it is not possible * to encrypt a block of smaller size. The supplied buffers must * therefore also be at least of @cra_blocksize size. Both the * input and output buffers are always aligned to @cra_alignmask. * In case either of the input or output buffer supplied by user * of the crypto API is not aligned to @cra_alignmask, the crypto * API will re-align the buffers. The re-alignment means that a * new buffer will be allocated, the data will be copied into the * new buffer, then the processing will happen on the new buffer, * then the data will be copied back into the original buffer and * finally the new buffer will be freed. In case a software * fallback was put in place in the @cra_init call, this function * might need to use the fallback if the algorithm doesn't support * all of the key sizes. In case the key was stored in * transformation context, the key might need to be re-programmed * into the hardware in this function. This function shall not * modify the transformation context, as this function may be * called in parallel with the same transformation object. * @cia_decrypt: Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to * @cia_encrypt, and the conditions are exactly the same. * * All fields are mandatory and must be filled. */ struct cipher_alg { unsigned int cia_min_keysize; unsigned int cia_max_keysize; int (*cia_setkey)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); void (*cia_encrypt)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); void (*cia_decrypt)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); }; /** * struct compress_alg - compression/decompression algorithm * @coa_compress: Compress a buffer of specified length, storing the resulting * data in the specified buffer. Return the length of the * compressed data in dlen. * @coa_decompress: Decompress the source buffer, storing the uncompressed * data in the specified buffer. The length of the data is * returned in dlen. * * All fields are mandatory. */ struct compress_alg { int (*coa_compress)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); int (*coa_decompress)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); }; #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS /* * struct crypto_istat_aead - statistics for AEAD algorithm * @encrypt_cnt: number of encrypt requests * @encrypt_tlen: total data size handled by encrypt requests * @decrypt_cnt: number of decrypt requests * @decrypt_tlen: total data size handled by decrypt requests * @err_cnt: number of error for AEAD requests */ struct crypto_istat_aead { atomic64_t encrypt_cnt; atomic64_t encrypt_tlen; atomic64_t decrypt_cnt; atomic64_t decrypt_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_akcipher - statistics for akcipher algorithm * @encrypt_cnt: number of encrypt requests * @encrypt_tlen: total data size handled by encrypt requests * @decrypt_cnt: number of decrypt requests * @decrypt_tlen: total data size handled by decrypt requests * @verify_cnt: number of verify operation * @sign_cnt: number of sign requests * @err_cnt: number of error for akcipher requests */ struct crypto_istat_akcipher { atomic64_t encrypt_cnt; atomic64_t encrypt_tlen; atomic64_t decrypt_cnt; atomic64_t decrypt_tlen; atomic64_t verify_cnt; atomic64_t sign_cnt; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_cipher - statistics for cipher algorithm * @encrypt_cnt: number of encrypt requests * @encrypt_tlen: total data size handled by encrypt requests * @decrypt_cnt: number of decrypt requests * @decrypt_tlen: total data size handled by decrypt requests * @err_cnt: number of error for cipher requests */ struct crypto_istat_cipher { atomic64_t encrypt_cnt; atomic64_t encrypt_tlen; atomic64_t decrypt_cnt; atomic64_t decrypt_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_compress - statistics for compress algorithm * @compress_cnt: number of compress requests * @compress_tlen: total data size handled by compress requests * @decompress_cnt: number of decompress requests * @decompress_tlen: total data size handled by decompress requests * @err_cnt: number of error for compress requests */ struct crypto_istat_compress { atomic64_t compress_cnt; atomic64_t compress_tlen; atomic64_t decompress_cnt; atomic64_t decompress_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_hash - statistics for has algorithm * @hash_cnt: number of hash requests * @hash_tlen: total data size hashed * @err_cnt: number of error for hash requests */ struct crypto_istat_hash { atomic64_t hash_cnt; atomic64_t hash_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_kpp - statistics for KPP algorithm * @setsecret_cnt: number of setsecrey operation * @generate_public_key_cnt: number of generate_public_key operation * @compute_shared_secret_cnt: number of compute_shared_secret operation * @err_cnt: number of error for KPP requests */ struct crypto_istat_kpp { atomic64_t setsecret_cnt; atomic64_t generate_public_key_cnt; atomic64_t compute_shared_secret_cnt; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_rng: statistics for RNG algorithm * @generate_cnt: number of RNG generate requests * @generate_tlen: total data size of generated data by the RNG * @seed_cnt: number of times the RNG was seeded * @err_cnt: number of error for RNG requests */ struct crypto_istat_rng { atomic64_t generate_cnt; atomic64_t generate_tlen; atomic64_t seed_cnt; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; #endif /* CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS */ #define cra_cipher cra_u.cipher #define cra_compress cra_u.compress /** * struct crypto_alg - definition of a cryptograpic cipher algorithm * @cra_flags: Flags describing this transformation. See include/linux/crypto.h * CRYPTO_ALG_* flags for the flags which go in here. Those are * used for fine-tuning the description of the transformation * algorithm. * @cra_blocksize: Minimum block size of this transformation. The size in bytes * of the smallest possible unit which can be transformed with * this algorithm. The users must respect this value. * In case of HASH transformation, it is possible for a smaller * block than @cra_blocksize to be passed to the crypto API for * transformation, in case of any other transformation type, an * error will be returned upon any attempt to transform smaller * than @cra_blocksize chunks. * @cra_ctxsize: Size of the operational context of the transformation. This * value informs the kernel crypto API about the memory size * needed to be allocated for the transformation context. * @cra_alignmask: Alignment mask for the input and output data buffer. The data * buffer containing the input data for the algorithm must be * aligned to this alignment mask. The data buffer for the * output data must be aligned to this alignment mask. Note that * the Crypto API will do the re-alignment in software, but * only under special conditions and there is a performance hit. * The re-alignment happens at these occasions for different * @cra_u types: cipher -- For both input data and output data * buffer; ahash -- For output hash destination buf; shash -- * For output hash destination buf. * This is needed on hardware which is flawed by design and * cannot pick data from arbitrary addresses. * @cra_priority: Priority of this transformation implementation. In case * multiple transformations with same @cra_name are available to * the Crypto API, the kernel will use the one with highest * @cra_priority. * @cra_name: Generic name (usable by multiple implementations) of the * transformation algorithm. This is the name of the transformation * itself. This field is used by the kernel when looking up the * providers of particular transformation. * @cra_driver_name: Unique name of the transformation provider. This is the * name of the provider of the transformation. This can be any * arbitrary value, but in the usual case, this contains the * name of the chip or provider and the name of the * transformation algorithm. * @cra_type: Type of the cryptographic transformation. This is a pointer to * struct crypto_type, which implements callbacks common for all * transformation types. There are multiple options, such as * &crypto_skcipher_type, &crypto_ahash_type, &crypto_rng_type. * This field might be empty. In that case, there are no common * callbacks. This is the case for: cipher, compress, shash. * @cra_u: Callbacks implementing the transformation. This is a union of * multiple structures. Depending on the type of transformation selected * by @cra_type and @cra_flags above, the associated structure must be * filled with callbacks. This field might be empty. This is the case * for ahash, shash. * @cra_init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @cra_exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @cra_init, used to remove various changes set in * @cra_init. * @cra_u.cipher: Union member which contains a single-block symmetric cipher * definition. See @struct @cipher_alg. * @cra_u.compress: Union member which contains a (de)compression algorithm. * See @struct @compress_alg. * @cra_module: Owner of this transformation implementation. Set to THIS_MODULE * @cra_list: internally used * @cra_users: internally used * @cra_refcnt: internally used * @cra_destroy: internally used * * @stats: union of all possible crypto_istat_xxx structures * @stats.aead: statistics for AEAD algorithm * @stats.akcipher: statistics for akcipher algorithm * @stats.cipher: statistics for cipher algorithm * @stats.compress: statistics for compress algorithm * @stats.hash: statistics for hash algorithm * @stats.rng: statistics for rng algorithm * @stats.kpp: statistics for KPP algorithm * * The struct crypto_alg describes a generic Crypto API algorithm and is common * for all of the transformations. Any variable not documented here shall not * be used by a cipher implementation as it is internal to the Crypto API. */ struct crypto_alg { struct list_head cra_list; struct list_head cra_users; u32 cra_flags; unsigned int cra_blocksize; unsigned int cra_ctxsize; unsigned int cra_alignmask; int cra_priority; refcount_t cra_refcnt; char cra_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; char cra_driver_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; const struct crypto_type *cra_type; union { struct cipher_alg cipher; struct compress_alg compress; } cra_u; int (*cra_init)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); void (*cra_exit)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); void (*cra_destroy)(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct module *cra_module; #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS union { struct crypto_istat_aead aead; struct crypto_istat_akcipher akcipher; struct crypto_istat_cipher cipher; struct crypto_istat_compress compress; struct crypto_istat_hash hash; struct crypto_istat_rng rng; struct crypto_istat_kpp kpp; } stats; #endif /* CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS */ } CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS void crypto_stats_init(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_get(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_aead_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_aead_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_ahash_update(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_ahash_final(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_encrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_decrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_sign(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_verify(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_compress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_decompress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_kpp_set_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_kpp_generate_public_key(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_kpp_compute_shared_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_rng_seed(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_rng_generate(struct crypto_alg *alg, unsigned int dlen, int ret); void crypto_stats_skcipher_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_skcipher_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); #else static inline void crypto_stats_init(struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_get(struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_aead_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_aead_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_ahash_update(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_ahash_final(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_encrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_decrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_sign(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_verify(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_compress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_decompress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_kpp_set_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_kpp_generate_public_key(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_kpp_compute_shared_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_rng_seed(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_rng_generate(struct crypto_alg *alg, unsigned int dlen, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_skcipher_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_skcipher_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} #endif /* * A helper struct for waiting for completion of async crypto ops */ struct crypto_wait { struct completion completion; int err; }; /* * Macro for declaring a crypto op async wait object on stack */ #define DECLARE_CRYPTO_WAIT(_wait) \ struct crypto_wait _wait = { \ COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK((_wait).completion), 0 } /* * Async ops completion helper functioons */ void crypto_req_done(struct crypto_async_request *req, int err); static inline int crypto_wait_req(int err, struct crypto_wait *wait) { switch (err) { case -EINPROGRESS: case -EBUSY: wait_for_completion(&wait->completion); reinit_completion(&wait->completion); err = wait->err; break; } return err; } static inline void crypto_init_wait(struct crypto_wait *wait) { init_completion(&wait->completion); } /* * Algorithm registration interface. */ int crypto_register_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_register_algs(struct crypto_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_algs(struct crypto_alg *algs, int count); /* * Algorithm query interface. */ int crypto_has_alg(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); /* * Transforms: user-instantiated objects which encapsulate algorithms * and core processing logic. Managed via crypto_alloc_*() and * crypto_free_*(), as well as the various helpers below. */ struct crypto_tfm { u32 crt_flags; int node; void (*exit)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); struct crypto_alg *__crt_alg; void *__crt_ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_cipher { struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_comp { struct crypto_tfm base; }; enum { CRYPTOA_UNSPEC, CRYPTOA_ALG, CRYPTOA_TYPE, CRYPTOA_U32, __CRYPTOA_MAX, }; #define CRYPTOA_MAX (__CRYPTOA_MAX - 1) /* Maximum number of (rtattr) parameters for each template. */ #define CRYPTO_MAX_ATTRS 32 struct crypto_attr_alg { char name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; }; struct crypto_attr_type { u32 type; u32 mask; }; struct crypto_attr_u32 { u32 num; }; /* * Transform user interface. */ struct crypto_tfm *crypto_alloc_base(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_destroy_tfm(void *mem, struct crypto_tfm *tfm); static inline void crypto_free_tfm(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, tfm); } int alg_test(const char *driver, const char *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); /* * Transform helpers which query the underlying algorithm. */ static inline const char *crypto_tfm_alg_name(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_name; } static inline const char *crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_driver_name; } static inline int crypto_tfm_alg_priority(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_priority; } static inline u32 crypto_tfm_alg_type(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; } static inline unsigned int crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_blocksize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_alignmask; } static inline u32 crypto_tfm_get_flags(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->crt_flags; } static inline void crypto_tfm_set_flags(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u32 flags) { tfm->crt_flags |= flags; } static inline void crypto_tfm_clear_flags(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u32 flags) { tfm->crt_flags &= ~flags; } static inline void *crypto_tfm_ctx(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_ctx; } static inline unsigned int crypto_tfm_ctx_alignment(void) { struct crypto_tfm *tfm; return __alignof__(tfm->__crt_ctx); } /** * DOC: Single Block Cipher API * * The single block cipher API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER (listed as type "cipher" in /proc/crypto). * * Using the single block cipher API calls, operations with the basic cipher * primitive can be implemented. These cipher primitives exclude any block * chaining operations including IV handling. * * The purpose of this single block cipher API is to support the implementation * of templates or other concepts that only need to perform the cipher operation * on one block at a time. Templates invoke the underlying cipher primitive * block-wise and process either the input or the output data of these cipher * operations. */ static inline struct crypto_cipher *__crypto_cipher_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return (struct crypto_cipher *)tfm; } /** * crypto_alloc_cipher() - allocate single block cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * single block cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for a single block cipher. The returned struct * crypto_cipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent API * invocation for that single block cipher. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ static inline struct crypto_cipher *crypto_alloc_cipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return __crypto_cipher_cast(crypto_alloc_base(alg_name, type, mask)); } static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_cipher_tfm(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_cipher() - zeroize and free the single block cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void crypto_free_cipher(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { crypto_free_tfm(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_has_cipher() - Search for the availability of a single block cipher * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * single block cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Return: true when the single block cipher is known to the kernel crypto API; * false otherwise */ static inline int crypto_has_cipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return crypto_has_alg(alg_name, type, mask); } /** * crypto_cipher_blocksize() - obtain block size for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the single block cipher referenced with the cipher handle * tfm is returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate * memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_blocksize(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_alignmask(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_cipher_get_flags(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_cipher_set_flags(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_cipher_clear_flags(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_cipher_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the single block cipher referenced by the * cipher handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_cipher_setkey(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_cipher_encrypt_one() - encrypt one block of plaintext * @tfm: cipher handle * @dst: points to the buffer that will be filled with the ciphertext * @src: buffer holding the plaintext to be encrypted * * Invoke the encryption operation of one block. The caller must ensure that * the plaintext and ciphertext buffers are at least one block in size. */ void crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); /** * crypto_cipher_decrypt_one() - decrypt one block of ciphertext * @tfm: cipher handle * @dst: points to the buffer that will be filled with the plaintext * @src: buffer holding the ciphertext to be decrypted * * Invoke the decryption operation of one block. The caller must ensure that * the plaintext and ciphertext buffers are at least one block in size. */ void crypto_cipher_decrypt_one(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); static inline struct crypto_comp *__crypto_comp_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return (struct crypto_comp *)tfm; } static inline struct crypto_comp *crypto_alloc_comp(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_COMPRESS; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return __crypto_comp_cast(crypto_alloc_base(alg_name, type, mask)); } static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_comp_tfm(struct crypto_comp *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } static inline void crypto_free_comp(struct crypto_comp *tfm) { crypto_free_tfm(crypto_comp_tfm(tfm)); } static inline int crypto_has_comp(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_COMPRESS; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return crypto_has_alg(alg_name, type, mask); } static inline const char *crypto_comp_name(struct crypto_comp *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_name(crypto_comp_tfm(tfm)); } int crypto_comp_compress(struct crypto_comp *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); int crypto_comp_decompress(struct crypto_comp *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); #endif /* _LINUX_CRYPTO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SOCKET_H #define _LINUX_SOCKET_H #include <asm/socket.h> /* arch-dependent defines */ #include <linux/sockios.h> /* the SIOCxxx I/O controls */ #include <linux/uio.h> /* iovec support */ #include <linux/types.h> /* pid_t */ #include <linux/compiler.h> /* __user */ #include <uapi/linux/socket.h> struct file; struct pid; struct cred; struct socket; #define __sockaddr_check_size(size) \ BUILD_BUG_ON(((size) > sizeof(struct __kernel_sockaddr_storage))) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct seq_file; extern void socket_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq); #endif typedef __kernel_sa_family_t sa_family_t; /* * 1003.1g requires sa_family_t and that sa_data is char. */ struct sockaddr { sa_family_t sa_family; /* address family, AF_xxx */ char sa_data[14]; /* 14 bytes of protocol address */ }; struct linger { int l_onoff; /* Linger active */ int l_linger; /* How long to linger for */ }; #define sockaddr_storage __kernel_sockaddr_storage /* * As we do 4.4BSD message passing we use a 4.4BSD message passing * system, not 4.3. Thus msg_accrights(len) are now missing. They * belong in an obscure libc emulation or the bin. */ struct msghdr { void *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iov_iter msg_iter; /* data */ /* * Ancillary data. msg_control_user is the user buffer used for the * recv* side when msg_control_is_user is set, msg_control is the kernel * buffer used for all other cases. */ union { void *msg_control; void __user *msg_control_user; }; bool msg_control_is_user : 1; __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ struct kiocb *msg_iocb; /* ptr to iocb for async requests */ }; struct user_msghdr { void __user *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iovec __user *msg_iov; /* scatter/gather array */ __kernel_size_t msg_iovlen; /* # elements in msg_iov */ void __user *msg_control; /* ancillary data */ __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ }; /* For recvmmsg/sendmmsg */ struct mmsghdr { struct user_msghdr msg_hdr; unsigned int msg_len; }; /* * POSIX 1003.1g - ancillary data object information * Ancillary data consits of a sequence of pairs of * (cmsghdr, cmsg_data[]) */ struct cmsghdr { __kernel_size_t cmsg_len; /* data byte count, including hdr */ int cmsg_level; /* originating protocol */ int cmsg_type; /* protocol-specific type */ }; /* * Ancillary data object information MACROS * Table 5-14 of POSIX 1003.1g */ #define __CMSG_NXTHDR(ctl, len, cmsg) __cmsg_nxthdr((ctl),(len),(cmsg)) #define CMSG_NXTHDR(mhdr, cmsg) cmsg_nxthdr((mhdr), (cmsg)) #define CMSG_ALIGN(len) ( ((len)+sizeof(long)-1) & ~(sizeof(long)-1) ) #define CMSG_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_USER_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void __user *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_SPACE(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + CMSG_ALIGN(len)) #define CMSG_LEN(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + (len)) #define __CMSG_FIRSTHDR(ctl,len) ((len) >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) ? \ (struct cmsghdr *)(ctl) : \ (struct cmsghdr *)NULL) #define CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg) __CMSG_FIRSTHDR((msg)->msg_control, (msg)->msg_controllen) #define CMSG_OK(mhdr, cmsg) ((cmsg)->cmsg_len >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) && \ (cmsg)->cmsg_len <= (unsigned long) \ ((mhdr)->msg_controllen - \ ((char *)(cmsg) - (char *)(mhdr)->msg_control))) #define for_each_cmsghdr(cmsg, msg) \ for (cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg); \ cmsg; \ cmsg = CMSG_NXTHDR(msg, cmsg)) /* * Get the next cmsg header * * PLEASE, do not touch this function. If you think, that it is * incorrect, grep kernel sources and think about consequences * before trying to improve it. * * Now it always returns valid, not truncated ancillary object * HEADER. But caller still MUST check, that cmsg->cmsg_len is * inside range, given by msg->msg_controllen before using * ancillary object DATA. --ANK (980731) */ static inline struct cmsghdr * __cmsg_nxthdr(void *__ctl, __kernel_size_t __size, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { struct cmsghdr * __ptr; __ptr = (struct cmsghdr*)(((unsigned char *) __cmsg) + CMSG_ALIGN(__cmsg->cmsg_len)); if ((unsigned long)((char*)(__ptr+1) - (char *) __ctl) > __size) return (struct cmsghdr *)0; return __ptr; } static inline struct cmsghdr * cmsg_nxthdr (struct msghdr *__msg, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { return __cmsg_nxthdr(__msg->msg_control, __msg->msg_controllen, __cmsg); } static inline size_t msg_data_left(struct msghdr *msg) { return iov_iter_count(&msg->msg_iter); } /* "Socket"-level control message types: */ #define SCM_RIGHTS 0x01 /* rw: access rights (array of int) */ #define SCM_CREDENTIALS 0x02 /* rw: struct ucred */ #define SCM_SECURITY 0x03 /* rw: security label */ struct ucred { __u32 pid; __u32 uid; __u32 gid; }; /* Supported address families. */ #define AF_UNSPEC 0 #define AF_UNIX 1 /* Unix domain sockets */ #define AF_LOCAL 1 /* POSIX name for AF_UNIX */ #define AF_INET 2 /* Internet IP Protocol */ #define AF_AX25 3 /* Amateur Radio AX.25 */ #define AF_IPX 4 /* Novell IPX */ #define AF_APPLETALK 5 /* AppleTalk DDP */ #define AF_NETROM 6 /* Amateur Radio NET/ROM */ #define AF_BRIDGE 7 /* Multiprotocol bridge */ #define AF_ATMPVC 8 /* ATM PVCs */ #define AF_X25 9 /* Reserved for X.25 project */ #define AF_INET6 10 /* IP version 6 */ #define AF_ROSE 11 /* Amateur Radio X.25 PLP */ #define AF_DECnet 12 /* Reserved for DECnet project */ #define AF_NETBEUI 13 /* Reserved for 802.2LLC project*/ #define AF_SECURITY 14 /* Security callback pseudo AF */ #define AF_KEY 15 /* PF_KEY key management API */ #define AF_NETLINK 16 #define AF_ROUTE AF_NETLINK /* Alias to emulate 4.4BSD */ #define AF_PACKET 17 /* Packet family */ #define AF_ASH 18 /* Ash */ #define AF_ECONET 19 /* Acorn Econet */ #define AF_ATMSVC 20 /* ATM SVCs */ #define AF_RDS 21 /* RDS sockets */ #define AF_SNA 22 /* Linux SNA Project (nutters!) */ #define AF_IRDA 23 /* IRDA sockets */ #define AF_PPPOX 24 /* PPPoX sockets */ #define AF_WANPIPE 25 /* Wanpipe API Sockets */ #define AF_LLC 26 /* Linux LLC */ #define AF_IB 27 /* Native InfiniBand address */ #define AF_MPLS 28 /* MPLS */ #define AF_CAN 29 /* Controller Area Network */ #define AF_TIPC 30 /* TIPC sockets */ #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 /* Bluetooth sockets */ #define AF_IUCV 32 /* IUCV sockets */ #define AF_RXRPC 33 /* RxRPC sockets */ #define AF_ISDN 34 /* mISDN sockets */ #define AF_PHONET 35 /* Phonet sockets */ #define AF_IEEE802154 36 /* IEEE802154 sockets */ #define AF_CAIF 37 /* CAIF sockets */ #define AF_ALG 38 /* Algorithm sockets */ #define AF_NFC 39 /* NFC sockets */ #define AF_VSOCK 40 /* vSockets */ #define AF_KCM 41 /* Kernel Connection Multiplexor*/ #define AF_QIPCRTR 42 /* Qualcomm IPC Router */ #define AF_SMC 43 /* smc sockets: reserve number for * PF_SMC protocol family that * reuses AF_INET address family */ #define AF_XDP 44 /* XDP sockets */ #define AF_MAX 45 /* For now.. */ /* Protocol families, same as address families. */ #define PF_UNSPEC AF_UNSPEC #define PF_UNIX AF_UNIX #define PF_LOCAL AF_LOCAL #define PF_INET AF_INET #define PF_AX25 AF_AX25 #define PF_IPX AF_IPX #define PF_APPLETALK AF_APPLETALK #define PF_NETROM AF_NETROM #define PF_BRIDGE AF_BRIDGE #define PF_ATMPVC AF_ATMPVC #define PF_X25 AF_X25 #define PF_INET6 AF_INET6 #define PF_ROSE AF_ROSE #define PF_DECnet AF_DECnet #define PF_NETBEUI AF_NETBEUI #define PF_SECURITY AF_SECURITY #define PF_KEY AF_KEY #define PF_NETLINK AF_NETLINK #define PF_ROUTE AF_ROUTE #define PF_PACKET AF_PACKET #define PF_ASH AF_ASH #define PF_ECONET AF_ECONET #define PF_ATMSVC AF_ATMSVC #define PF_RDS AF_RDS #define PF_SNA AF_SNA #define PF_IRDA AF_IRDA #define PF_PPPOX AF_PPPOX #define PF_WANPIPE AF_WANPIPE #define PF_LLC AF_LLC #define PF_IB AF_IB #define PF_MPLS AF_MPLS #define PF_CAN AF_CAN #define PF_TIPC AF_TIPC #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #define PF_IUCV AF_IUCV #define PF_RXRPC AF_RXRPC #define PF_ISDN AF_ISDN #define PF_PHONET AF_PHONET #define PF_IEEE802154 AF_IEEE802154 #define PF_CAIF AF_CAIF #define PF_ALG AF_ALG #define PF_NFC AF_NFC #define PF_VSOCK AF_VSOCK #define PF_KCM AF_KCM #define PF_QIPCRTR AF_QIPCRTR #define PF_SMC AF_SMC #define PF_XDP AF_XDP #define PF_MAX AF_MAX /* Maximum queue length specifiable by listen. */ #define SOMAXCONN 4096 /* Flags we can use with send/ and recv. Added those for 1003.1g not all are supported yet */ #define MSG_OOB 1 #define MSG_PEEK 2 #define MSG_DONTROUTE 4 #define MSG_TRYHARD 4 /* Synonym for MSG_DONTROUTE for DECnet */ #define MSG_CTRUNC 8 #define MSG_PROBE 0x10 /* Do not send. Only probe path f.e. for MTU */ #define MSG_TRUNC 0x20 #define MSG_DONTWAIT 0x40 /* Nonblocking io */ #define MSG_EOR 0x80 /* End of record */ #define MSG_WAITALL 0x100 /* Wait for a full request */ #define MSG_FIN 0x200 #define MSG_SYN 0x400 #define MSG_CONFIRM 0x800 /* Confirm path validity */ #define MSG_RST 0x1000 #define MSG_ERRQUEUE 0x2000 /* Fetch message from error queue */ #define MSG_NOSIGNAL 0x4000 /* Do not generate SIGPIPE */ #define MSG_MORE 0x8000 /* Sender will send more */ #define MSG_WAITFORONE 0x10000 /* recvmmsg(): block until 1+ packets avail */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOPOLICY 0x10000 /* sendpage() internal : do no apply policy */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST 0x20000 /* sendpage() internal : not the last page */ #define MSG_BATCH 0x40000 /* sendmmsg(): more messages coming */ #define MSG_EOF MSG_FIN #define MSG_NO_SHARED_FRAGS 0x80000 /* sendpage() internal : page frags are not shared */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_DECRYPTED 0x100000 /* sendpage() internal : page may carry * plain text and require encryption */ #define MSG_ZEROCOPY 0x4000000 /* Use user data in kernel path */ #define MSG_FASTOPEN 0x20000000 /* Send data in TCP SYN */ #define MSG_CMSG_CLOEXEC 0x40000000 /* Set close_on_exec for file descriptor received through SCM_RIGHTS */ #if defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0x80000000 /* This message needs 32 bit fixups */ #else #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0 /* We never have 32 bit fixups */ #endif /* Setsockoptions(2) level. Thanks to BSD these must match IPPROTO_xxx */ #define SOL_IP 0 /* #define SOL_ICMP 1 No-no-no! Due to Linux :-) we cannot use SOL_ICMP=1 */ #define SOL_TCP 6 #define SOL_UDP 17 #define SOL_IPV6 41 #define SOL_ICMPV6 58 #define SOL_SCTP 132 #define SOL_UDPLITE 136 /* UDP-Lite (RFC 3828) */ #define SOL_RAW 255 #define SOL_IPX 256 #define SOL_AX25 257 #define SOL_ATALK 258 #define SOL_NETROM 259 #define SOL_ROSE 260 #define SOL_DECNET 261 #define SOL_X25 262 #define SOL_PACKET 263 #define SOL_ATM 264 /* ATM layer (cell level) */ #define SOL_AAL 265 /* ATM Adaption Layer (packet level) */ #define SOL_IRDA 266 #define SOL_NETBEUI 267 #define SOL_LLC 268 #define SOL_DCCP 269 #define SOL_NETLINK 270 #define SOL_TIPC 271 #define SOL_RXRPC 272 #define SOL_PPPOL2TP 273 #define SOL_BLUETOOTH 274 #define SOL_PNPIPE 275 #define SOL_RDS 276 #define SOL_IUCV 277 #define SOL_CAIF 278 #define SOL_ALG 279 #define SOL_NFC 280 #define SOL_KCM 281 #define SOL_TLS 282 #define SOL_XDP 283 /* IPX options */ #define IPX_TYPE 1 extern int move_addr_to_kernel(void __user *uaddr, int ulen, struct sockaddr_storage *kaddr); extern int put_cmsg(struct msghdr*, int level, int type, int len, void *data); struct timespec64; struct __kernel_timespec; struct old_timespec32; struct scm_timestamping_internal { struct timespec64 ts[3]; }; extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping64(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); /* The __sys_...msg variants allow MSG_CMSG_COMPAT iff * forbid_cmsg_compat==false */ extern long __sys_recvmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern int __sys_recvmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout32); extern int __sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, unsigned int flags); extern long __sys_recvmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags); extern int sendmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct iovec **iov); extern int recvmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct sockaddr __user **uaddr, struct iovec **iov); extern int __copy_msghdr_from_user(struct msghdr *kmsg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user **save_addr, struct iovec __user **uiov, size_t *nsegs); /* helpers which do the actual work for syscalls */ extern int __sys_recvfrom(int fd, void __user *ubuf, size_t size, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int __user *addr_len); extern int __sys_sendto(int fd, void __user *buff, size_t len, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int addr_len); extern int __sys_accept4_file(struct file *file, unsigned file_flags, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags, unsigned long nofile); extern int __sys_accept4(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags); extern int __sys_socket(int family, int type, int protocol); extern int __sys_bind(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *umyaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_connect_file(struct file *file, struct sockaddr_storage *addr, int addrlen, int file_flags); extern int __sys_connect(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *uservaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_listen(int fd, int backlog); extern int __sys_getsockname(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_getpeername(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_socketpair(int family, int type, int protocol, int __user *usockvec); extern int __sys_shutdown(int fd, int how); #endif /* _LINUX_SOCKET_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PATH_H #define _LINUX_PATH_H struct dentry; struct vfsmount; struct path { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry; } __randomize_layout; extern void path_get(const struct path *); extern void path_put(const struct path *); static inline int path_equal(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { return path1->mnt == path2->mnt && path1->dentry == path2->dentry; } static inline void path_put_init(struct path *path) { path_put(path); *path = (struct path) { }; } #endif /* _LINUX_PATH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the TCP protocol. * * Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.2 04/28/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_TCP_H #define _LINUX_TCP_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/win_minmax.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/tcp.h> static inline struct tcphdr *tcp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct tcphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int __tcp_hdrlen(const struct tcphdr *th) { return th->doff * 4; } static inline unsigned int tcp_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return __tcp_hdrlen(tcp_hdr(skb)); } static inline struct tcphdr *inner_tcp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct tcphdr *)skb_inner_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int inner_tcp_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return inner_tcp_hdr(skb)->doff * 4; } static inline unsigned int tcp_optlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (tcp_hdr(skb)->doff - 5) * 4; } /* TCP Fast Open */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MIN 4 /* Min Fast Open Cookie size in bytes */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX 16 /* Max Fast Open Cookie size in bytes */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE 8 /* the size employed by this impl. */ /* TCP Fast Open Cookie as stored in memory */ struct tcp_fastopen_cookie { __le64 val[DIV_ROUND_UP(TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX, sizeof(u64))]; s8 len; bool exp; /* In RFC6994 experimental option format */ }; /* This defines a selective acknowledgement block. */ struct tcp_sack_block_wire { __be32 start_seq; __be32 end_seq; }; struct tcp_sack_block { u32 start_seq; u32 end_seq; }; /*These are used to set the sack_ok field in struct tcp_options_received */ #define TCP_SACK_SEEN (1 << 0) /*1 = peer is SACK capable, */ #define TCP_DSACK_SEEN (1 << 2) /*1 = DSACK was received from peer*/ struct tcp_options_received { /* PAWS/RTTM data */ int ts_recent_stamp;/* Time we stored ts_recent (for aging) */ u32 ts_recent; /* Time stamp to echo next */ u32 rcv_tsval; /* Time stamp value */ u32 rcv_tsecr; /* Time stamp echo reply */ u16 saw_tstamp : 1, /* Saw TIMESTAMP on last packet */ tstamp_ok : 1, /* TIMESTAMP seen on SYN packet */ dsack : 1, /* D-SACK is scheduled */ wscale_ok : 1, /* Wscale seen on SYN packet */ sack_ok : 3, /* SACK seen on SYN packet */ smc_ok : 1, /* SMC seen on SYN packet */ snd_wscale : 4, /* Window scaling received from sender */ rcv_wscale : 4; /* Window scaling to send to receiver */ u8 saw_unknown:1, /* Received unknown option */ unused:7; u8 num_sacks; /* Number of SACK blocks */ u16 user_mss; /* mss requested by user in ioctl */ u16 mss_clamp; /* Maximal mss, negotiated at connection setup */ }; static inline void tcp_clear_options(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt) { rx_opt->tstamp_ok = rx_opt->sack_ok = 0; rx_opt->wscale_ok = rx_opt->snd_wscale = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) rx_opt->smc_ok = 0; #endif } /* This is the max number of SACKS that we'll generate and process. It's safe * to increase this, although since: * size = TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED (4) + n * TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK (8) * only four options will fit in a standard TCP header */ #define TCP_NUM_SACKS 4 struct tcp_request_sock_ops; struct tcp_request_sock { struct inet_request_sock req; const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_specific; u64 snt_synack; /* first SYNACK sent time */ bool tfo_listener; bool is_mptcp; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) bool drop_req; #endif u32 txhash; u32 rcv_isn; u32 snt_isn; u32 ts_off; u32 last_oow_ack_time; /* last SYNACK */ u32 rcv_nxt; /* the ack # by SYNACK. For * FastOpen it's the seq# * after data-in-SYN. */ u8 syn_tos; }; static inline struct tcp_request_sock *tcp_rsk(const struct request_sock *req) { return (struct tcp_request_sock *)req; } struct tcp_sock { /* inet_connection_sock has to be the first member of tcp_sock */ struct inet_connection_sock inet_conn; u16 tcp_header_len; /* Bytes of tcp header to send */ u16 gso_segs; /* Max number of segs per GSO packet */ /* * Header prediction flags * 0x5?10 << 16 + snd_wnd in net byte order */ __be32 pred_flags; /* * RFC793 variables by their proper names. This means you can * read the code and the spec side by side (and laugh ...) * See RFC793 and RFC1122. The RFC writes these in capitals. */ u64 bytes_received; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsAppHCThruOctetsReceived * sum(delta(rcv_nxt)), or how many bytes * were acked. */ u32 segs_in; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfSegsIn * total number of segments in. */ u32 data_segs_in; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfDataSegsIn * total number of data segments in. */ u32 rcv_nxt; /* What we want to receive next */ u32 copied_seq; /* Head of yet unread data */ u32 rcv_wup; /* rcv_nxt on last window update sent */ u32 snd_nxt; /* Next sequence we send */ u32 segs_out; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfSegsOut * The total number of segments sent. */ u32 data_segs_out; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfDataSegsOut * total number of data segments sent. */ u64 bytes_sent; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfHCDataOctetsOut * total number of data bytes sent. */ u64 bytes_acked; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsAppHCThruOctetsAcked * sum(delta(snd_una)), or how many bytes * were acked. */ u32 dsack_dups; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsStackDSACKDups * total number of DSACK blocks received */ u32 snd_una; /* First byte we want an ack for */ u32 snd_sml; /* Last byte of the most recently transmitted small packet */ u32 rcv_tstamp; /* timestamp of last received ACK (for keepalives) */ u32 lsndtime; /* timestamp of last sent data packet (for restart window) */ u32 last_oow_ack_time; /* timestamp of last out-of-window ACK */ u32 compressed_ack_rcv_nxt; u32 tsoffset; /* timestamp offset */ struct list_head tsq_node; /* anchor in tsq_tasklet.head list */ struct list_head tsorted_sent_queue; /* time-sorted sent but un-SACKed skbs */ u32 snd_wl1; /* Sequence for window update */ u32 snd_wnd; /* The window we expect to receive */ u32 max_window; /* Maximal window ever seen from peer */ u32 mss_cache; /* Cached effective mss, not including SACKS */ u32 window_clamp; /* Maximal window to advertise */ u32 rcv_ssthresh; /* Current window clamp */ /* Information of the most recently (s)acked skb */ struct tcp_rack { u64 mstamp; /* (Re)sent time of the skb */ u32 rtt_us; /* Associated RTT */ u32 end_seq; /* Ending TCP sequence of the skb */ u32 last_delivered; /* tp->delivered at last reo_wnd adj */ u8 reo_wnd_steps; /* Allowed reordering window */ #define TCP_RACK_RECOVERY_THRESH 16 u8 reo_wnd_persist:5, /* No. of recovery since last adj */ dsack_seen:1, /* Whether DSACK seen after last adj */ advanced:1; /* mstamp advanced since last lost marking */ } rack; u16 advmss; /* Advertised MSS */ u8 compressed_ack; u8 dup_ack_counter:2, tlp_retrans:1, /* TLP is a retransmission */ unused:5; u32 chrono_start; /* Start time in jiffies of a TCP chrono */ u32 chrono_stat[3]; /* Time in jiffies for chrono_stat stats */ u8 chrono_type:2, /* current chronograph type */ rate_app_limited:1, /* rate_{delivered,interval_us} limited? */ fastopen_connect:1, /* FASTOPEN_CONNECT sockopt */ fastopen_no_cookie:1, /* Allow send/recv SYN+data without a cookie */ is_sack_reneg:1, /* in recovery from loss with SACK reneg? */ fastopen_client_fail:2; /* reason why fastopen failed */ u8 nonagle : 4,/* Disable Nagle algorithm? */ thin_lto : 1,/* Use linear timeouts for thin streams */ recvmsg_inq : 1,/* Indicate # of bytes in queue upon recvmsg */ repair : 1, frto : 1;/* F-RTO (RFC5682) activated in CA_Loss */ u8 repair_queue; u8 save_syn:2, /* Save headers of SYN packet */ syn_data:1, /* SYN includes data */ syn_fastopen:1, /* SYN includes Fast Open option */ syn_fastopen_exp:1,/* SYN includes Fast Open exp. option */ syn_fastopen_ch:1, /* Active TFO re-enabling probe */ syn_data_acked:1,/* data in SYN is acked by SYN-ACK */ is_cwnd_limited:1;/* forward progress limited by snd_cwnd? */ u32 tlp_high_seq; /* snd_nxt at the time of TLP */ u32 tcp_tx_delay; /* delay (in usec) added to TX packets */ u64 tcp_wstamp_ns; /* departure time for next sent data packet */ u64 tcp_clock_cache; /* cache last tcp_clock_ns() (see tcp_mstamp_refresh()) */ /* RTT measurement */ u64 tcp_mstamp; /* most recent packet received/sent */ u32 srtt_us; /* smoothed round trip time << 3 in usecs */ u32 mdev_us; /* medium deviation */ u32 mdev_max_us; /* maximal mdev for the last rtt period */ u32 rttvar_us; /* smoothed mdev_max */ u32 rtt_seq; /* sequence number to update rttvar */ struct minmax rtt_min; u32 packets_out; /* Packets which are "in flight" */ u32 retrans_out; /* Retransmitted packets out */ u32 max_packets_out; /* max packets_out in last window */ u32 max_packets_seq; /* right edge of max_packets_out flight */ u16 urg_data; /* Saved octet of OOB data and control flags */ u8 ecn_flags; /* ECN status bits. */ u8 keepalive_probes; /* num of allowed keep alive probes */ u32 reordering; /* Packet reordering metric. */ u32 reord_seen; /* number of data packet reordering events */ u32 snd_up; /* Urgent pointer */ /* * Options received (usually on last packet, some only on SYN packets). */ struct tcp_options_received rx_opt; /* * Slow start and congestion control (see also Nagle, and Karn & Partridge) */ u32 snd_ssthresh; /* Slow start size threshold */ u32 snd_cwnd; /* Sending congestion window */ u32 snd_cwnd_cnt; /* Linear increase counter */ u32 snd_cwnd_clamp; /* Do not allow snd_cwnd to grow above this */ u32 snd_cwnd_used; u32 snd_cwnd_stamp; u32 prior_cwnd; /* cwnd right before starting loss recovery */ u32 prr_delivered; /* Number of newly delivered packets to * receiver in Recovery. */ u32 prr_out; /* Total number of pkts sent during Recovery. */ u32 delivered; /* Total data packets delivered incl. rexmits */ u32 delivered_ce; /* Like the above but only ECE marked packets */ u32 lost; /* Total data packets lost incl. rexmits */ u32 app_limited; /* limited until "delivered" reaches this val */ u64 first_tx_mstamp; /* start of window send phase */ u64 delivered_mstamp; /* time we reached "delivered" */ u32 rate_delivered; /* saved rate sample: packets delivered */ u32 rate_interval_us; /* saved rate sample: time elapsed */ u32 rcv_wnd; /* Current receiver window */ u32 write_seq; /* Tail(+1) of data held in tcp send buffer */ u32 notsent_lowat; /* TCP_NOTSENT_LOWAT */ u32 pushed_seq; /* Last pushed seq, required to talk to windows */ u32 lost_out; /* Lost packets */ u32 sacked_out; /* SACK'd packets */ struct hrtimer pacing_timer; struct hrtimer compressed_ack_timer; /* from STCP, retrans queue hinting */ struct sk_buff* lost_skb_hint; struct sk_buff *retransmit_skb_hint; /* OOO segments go in this rbtree. Socket lock must be held. */ struct rb_root out_of_order_queue; struct sk_buff *ooo_last_skb; /* cache rb_last(out_of_order_queue) */ /* SACKs data, these 2 need to be together (see tcp_options_write) */ struct tcp_sack_block duplicate_sack[1]; /* D-SACK block */ struct tcp_sack_block selective_acks[4]; /* The SACKS themselves*/ struct tcp_sack_block recv_sack_cache[4]; struct sk_buff *highest_sack; /* skb just after the highest * skb with SACKed bit set * (validity guaranteed only if * sacked_out > 0) */ int lost_cnt_hint; u32 prior_ssthresh; /* ssthresh saved at recovery start */ u32 high_seq; /* snd_nxt at onset of congestion */ u32 retrans_stamp; /* Timestamp of the last retransmit, * also used in SYN-SENT to remember stamp of * the first SYN. */ u32 undo_marker; /* snd_una upon a new recovery episode. */ int undo_retrans; /* number of undoable retransmissions. */ u64 bytes_retrans; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfOctetsRetrans * Total data bytes retransmitted */ u32 total_retrans; /* Total retransmits for entire connection */ u32 urg_seq; /* Seq of received urgent pointer */ unsigned int keepalive_time; /* time before keep alive takes place */ unsigned int keepalive_intvl; /* time interval between keep alive probes */ int linger2; /* Sock_ops bpf program related variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_BPF u8 bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags; /* Control calling BPF programs * values defined in uapi/linux/tcp.h */ #define BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(TP, ARG) (TP->bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags & ARG) #else #define BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(TP, ARG) 0 #endif u16 timeout_rehash; /* Timeout-triggered rehash attempts */ u32 rcv_ooopack; /* Received out-of-order packets, for tcpinfo */ /* Receiver side RTT estimation */ u32 rcv_rtt_last_tsecr; struct { u32 rtt_us; u32 seq; u64 time; } rcv_rtt_est; /* Receiver queue space */ struct { u32 space; u32 seq; u64 time; } rcvq_space; /* TCP-specific MTU probe information. */ struct { u32 probe_seq_start; u32 probe_seq_end; } mtu_probe; u32 mtu_info; /* We received an ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED / ICMPV6_PKT_TOOBIG * while socket was owned by user. */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) bool is_mptcp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) bool syn_smc; /* SYN includes SMC */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG /* TCP AF-Specific parts; only used by MD5 Signature support so far */ const struct tcp_sock_af_ops *af_specific; /* TCP MD5 Signature Option information */ struct tcp_md5sig_info __rcu *md5sig_info; #endif /* TCP fastopen related information */ struct tcp_fastopen_request *fastopen_req; /* fastopen_rsk points to request_sock that resulted in this big * socket. Used to retransmit SYNACKs etc. */ struct request_sock __rcu *fastopen_rsk; struct saved_syn *saved_syn; }; enum tsq_enum { TSQ_THROTTLED, TSQ_QUEUED, TCP_TSQ_DEFERRED, /* tcp_tasklet_func() found socket was owned */ TCP_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED, /* tcp_write_timer() found socket was owned */ TCP_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED, /* tcp_delack_timer() found socket was owned */ TCP_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED, /* tcp_v{4|6}_err() could not call * tcp_v{4|6}_mtu_reduced() */ }; enum tsq_flags { TSQF_THROTTLED = (1UL << TSQ_THROTTLED), TSQF_QUEUED = (1UL << TSQ_QUEUED), TCPF_TSQ_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_TSQ_DEFERRED), TCPF_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED), TCPF_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED), TCPF_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED), }; static inline struct tcp_sock *tcp_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct tcp_sock *)sk; } struct tcp_timewait_sock { struct inet_timewait_sock tw_sk; #define tw_rcv_nxt tw_sk.__tw_common.skc_tw_rcv_nxt #define tw_snd_nxt tw_sk.__tw_common.skc_tw_snd_nxt u32 tw_rcv_wnd; u32 tw_ts_offset; u32 tw_ts_recent; /* The time we sent the last out-of-window ACK: */ u32 tw_last_oow_ack_time; int tw_ts_recent_stamp; u32 tw_tx_delay; #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *tw_md5_key; #endif }; static inline struct tcp_timewait_sock *tcp_twsk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct tcp_timewait_sock *)sk; } static inline bool tcp_passive_fastopen(const struct sock *sk) { return sk->sk_state == TCP_SYN_RECV && rcu_access_pointer(tcp_sk(sk)->fastopen_rsk) != NULL; } static inline void fastopen_queue_tune(struct sock *sk, int backlog) { struct request_sock_queue *queue = &inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue; int somaxconn = READ_ONCE(sock_net(sk)->core.sysctl_somaxconn); queue->fastopenq.max_qlen = min_t(unsigned int, backlog, somaxconn); } static inline void tcp_move_syn(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct request_sock *req) { tp->saved_syn = req->saved_syn; req->saved_syn = NULL; } static inline void tcp_saved_syn_free(struct tcp_sock *tp) { kfree(tp->saved_syn); tp->saved_syn = NULL; } static inline u32 tcp_saved_syn_len(const struct saved_syn *saved_syn) { return saved_syn->mac_hdrlen + saved_syn->network_hdrlen + saved_syn->tcp_hdrlen; } struct sk_buff *tcp_get_timestamping_opt_stats(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *orig_skb); static inline u16 tcp_mss_clamp(const struct tcp_sock *tp, u16 mss) { /* We use READ_ONCE() here because socket might not be locked. * This happens for listeners. */ u16 user_mss = READ_ONCE(tp->rx_opt.user_mss); return (user_mss && user_mss < mss) ? user_mss : mss; } int tcp_skb_shift(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int pcount, int shiftlen); void tcp_sock_set_cork(struct sock *sk, bool on); int tcp_sock_set_keepcnt(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepidle_locked(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepidle(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepintvl(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_sock_set_nodelay(struct sock *sk); void tcp_sock_set_quickack(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_syncnt(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_sock_set_user_timeout(struct sock *sk, u32 val); #endif /* _LINUX_TCP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_RTNETLINK_H #define __NET_RTNETLINK_H #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> typedef int (*rtnl_doit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); typedef int (*rtnl_dumpit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct netlink_callback *); enum rtnl_link_flags { RTNL_FLAG_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; void rtnl_register(int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_register_module(struct module *owner, int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_unregister(int protocol, int msgtype); void rtnl_unregister_all(int protocol); static inline int rtnl_msg_family(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (nlmsg_len(nlh) >= sizeof(struct rtgenmsg)) return ((struct rtgenmsg *) nlmsg_data(nlh))->rtgen_family; else return AF_UNSPEC; } /** * struct rtnl_link_ops - rtnetlink link operations * * @list: Used internally * @kind: Identifier * @netns_refund: Physical device, move to init_net on netns exit * @maxtype: Highest device specific netlink attribute number * @policy: Netlink policy for device specific attribute validation * @validate: Optional validation function for netlink/changelink parameters * @priv_size: sizeof net_device private space * @setup: net_device setup function * @newlink: Function for configuring and registering a new device * @changelink: Function for changing parameters of an existing device * @dellink: Function to remove a device * @get_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific netlink attributes * @fill_info: Function to dump device specific netlink attributes * @get_xstats_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific statistics * @fill_xstats: Function to dump device specific statistics * @get_num_tx_queues: Function to determine number of transmit queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_num_rx_queues: Function to determine number of receive queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_link_net: Function to get the i/o netns of the device * @get_linkxstats_size: Function to calculate the required room for * dumping device-specific extended link stats * @fill_linkxstats: Function to dump device-specific extended link stats */ struct rtnl_link_ops { struct list_head list; const char *kind; size_t priv_size; void (*setup)(struct net_device *dev); bool netns_refund; unsigned int maxtype; const struct nla_policy *policy; int (*validate)(struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*newlink)(struct net *src_net, struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*dellink)(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head); size_t (*get_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_xstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_xstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); unsigned int (*get_num_tx_queues)(void); unsigned int (*get_num_rx_queues)(void); unsigned int slave_maxtype; const struct nla_policy *slave_policy; int (*slave_changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct net_device *slave_dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); size_t (*get_slave_size)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); int (*fill_slave_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); struct net *(*get_link_net)(const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_linkxstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev, int attr); int (*fill_linkxstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, int *prividx, int attr); }; int __rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void __rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); int rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); /** * struct rtnl_af_ops - rtnetlink address family operations * * @list: Used internally * @family: Address family * @fill_link_af: Function to fill IFLA_AF_SPEC with address family * specific netlink attributes. * @get_link_af_size: Function to calculate size of address family specific * netlink attributes. * @validate_link_af: Validate a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute, must check attr * for invalid configuration settings. * @set_link_af: Function to parse a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute and modify * net_device accordingly. */ struct rtnl_af_ops { struct list_head list; int family; int (*fill_link_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); size_t (*get_link_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); int (*validate_link_af)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*set_link_af)(struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*fill_stats_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_stats_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev); }; void rtnl_af_register(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); void rtnl_af_unregister(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); struct net *rtnl_link_get_net(struct net *src_net, struct nlattr *tb[]); struct net_device *rtnl_create_link(struct net *net, const char *ifname, unsigned char name_assign_type, const struct rtnl_link_ops *ops, struct nlattr *tb[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int rtnl_delete_link(struct net_device *dev); int rtnl_configure_link(struct net_device *dev, const struct ifinfomsg *ifm); int rtnl_nla_parse_ifla(struct nlattr **tb, const struct nlattr *head, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *exterr); struct net *rtnl_get_net_ns_capable(struct sock *sk, int netnsid); #define MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LINK(kind) MODULE_ALIAS("rtnl-link-" kind) #endif
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5208 5209 5210 5211 5212 5213 5214 5215 5216 5217 5218 5219 5220 5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end);