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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * This file holds USB constants and structures that are needed for * USB device APIs. These are used by the USB device model, which is * defined in chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification and in the * Wireless USB 1.0 (spread around). Linux has several APIs in C that * need these: * * - the master/host side Linux-USB kernel driver API; * - the "usbfs" user space API; and * - the Linux "gadget" slave/device/peripheral side driver API. * * USB 2.0 adds an additional "On The Go" (OTG) mode, which lets systems * act either as a USB master/host or as a USB slave/device. That means * the master and slave side APIs benefit from working well together. * * There's also "Wireless USB", using low power short range radios for * peripheral interconnection but otherwise building on the USB framework. * * Note all descriptors are declared '__attribute__((packed))' so that: * * [a] they never get padded, either internally (USB spec writers * probably handled that) or externally; * * [b] so that accessing bigger-than-a-bytes fields will never * generate bus errors on any platform, even when the location of * its descriptor inside a bundle isn't "naturally aligned", and * * [c] for consistency, removing all doubt even when it appears to * someone that the two other points are non-issues for that * particular descriptor type. */ #ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #define _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #include <linux/types.h> /* __u8 etc */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* le16_to_cpu */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* CONTROL REQUEST SUPPORT */ /* * USB directions * * This bit flag is used in endpoint descriptors' bEndpointAddress field. * It's also one of three fields in control requests bRequestType. */ #define USB_DIR_OUT 0 /* to device */ #define USB_DIR_IN 0x80 /* to host */ /* * USB types, the second of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_TYPE_MASK (0x03 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_STANDARD (0x00 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_CLASS (0x01 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_VENDOR (0x02 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_RESERVED (0x03 << 5) /* * USB recipients, the third of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_RECIP_MASK 0x1f #define USB_RECIP_DEVICE 0x00 #define USB_RECIP_INTERFACE 0x01 #define USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT 0x02 #define USB_RECIP_OTHER 0x03 /* From Wireless USB 1.0 */ #define USB_RECIP_PORT 0x04 #define USB_RECIP_RPIPE 0x05 /* * Standard requests, for the bRequest field of a SETUP packet. * * These are qualified by the bRequestType field, so that for example * TYPE_CLASS or TYPE_VENDOR specific feature flags could be retrieved * by a GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_REQ_GET_STATUS 0x00 #define USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE 0x01 #define USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE 0x03 #define USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS 0x05 #define USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR 0x06 #define USB_REQ_SET_DESCRIPTOR 0x07 #define USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION 0x08 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION 0x09 #define USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE 0x0A #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE 0x0B #define USB_REQ_SYNCH_FRAME 0x0C #define USB_REQ_SET_SEL 0x30 #define USB_REQ_SET_ISOCH_DELAY 0x31 #define USB_REQ_SET_ENCRYPTION 0x0D /* Wireless USB */ #define USB_REQ_GET_ENCRYPTION 0x0E #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_ABORT 0x0E #define USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE 0x0F #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_RESET 0x0F #define USB_REQ_GET_HANDSHAKE 0x10 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION 0x11 #define USB_REQ_SET_SECURITY_DATA 0x12 #define USB_REQ_GET_SECURITY_DATA 0x13 #define USB_REQ_SET_WUSB_DATA 0x14 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_WRITE 0x15 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_READ 0x16 #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE_DS 0x17 /* specific requests for USB Power Delivery */ #define USB_REQ_GET_PARTNER_PDO 20 #define USB_REQ_GET_BATTERY_STATUS 21 #define USB_REQ_SET_PDO 22 #define USB_REQ_GET_VDM 23 #define USB_REQ_SEND_VDM 24 /* The Link Power Management (LPM) ECN defines USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET command, * used by hubs to put ports into a new L1 suspend state, except that it * forgot to define its number ... */ /* * USB feature flags are written using USB_REQ_{CLEAR,SET}_FEATURE, and * are read as a bit array returned by USB_REQ_GET_STATUS. (So there * are at most sixteen features of each type.) Hubs may also support a * new USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET_FEATURE to put ports into L1 suspend. */ #define USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED 0 /* (read only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP 1 /* dev may initiate wakeup */ #define USB_DEVICE_TEST_MODE 2 /* (wired high speed only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY 2 /* (wireless) */ #define USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE 3 /* (otg) dev may initiate HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_WUSB_DEVICE 3 /* (wireless)*/ #define USB_DEVICE_A_HNP_SUPPORT 4 /* (otg) RH port supports HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT 5 /* (otg) other RH port does */ #define USB_DEVICE_DEBUG_MODE 6 /* (special devices only) */ /* * Test Mode Selectors * See USB 2.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_TEST_J 1 #define USB_TEST_K 2 #define USB_TEST_SE0_NAK 3 #define USB_TEST_PACKET 4 #define USB_TEST_FORCE_ENABLE 5 /* Status Type */ #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_STANDARD 0 #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_PTM 1 /* * New Feature Selectors as added by USB 3.0 * See USB 3.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE 48 /* dev may initiate U1 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE 49 /* dev may initiate U2 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE 50 /* dev may send LTM */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND 0 /* function suspend */ #define USB_INTR_FUNC_SUSPEND_OPT_MASK 0xFF00 /* * Suspend Options, Table 9-8 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP (1 << (8 + 0)) #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW (1 << (8 + 1)) /* * Interface status, Figure 9-5 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP 1 #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_HALT 0 /* IN/OUT will STALL */ /* Bit array elements as returned by the USB_REQ_GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U1_ENABLED 2 /* transition into U1 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U2_ENABLED 3 /* transition into U2 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_LTM_ENABLED 4 /* Latency tolerance messages */ /* * Feature selectors from Table 9-8 USB Power Delivery spec */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY_WAKE_MASK 40 #define USB_DEVICE_OS_IS_PD_AWARE 41 #define USB_DEVICE_POLICY_MODE 42 #define USB_PORT_PR_SWAP 43 #define USB_PORT_GOTO_MIN 44 #define USB_PORT_RETURN_POWER 45 #define USB_PORT_ACCEPT_PD_REQUEST 46 #define USB_PORT_REJECT_PD_REQUEST 47 #define USB_PORT_PORT_PD_RESET 48 #define USB_PORT_C_PORT_PD_CHANGE 49 #define USB_PORT_CABLE_PD_RESET 50 #define USB_DEVICE_CHARGING_POLICY 54 /** * struct usb_ctrlrequest - SETUP data for a USB device control request * @bRequestType: matches the USB bmRequestType field * @bRequest: matches the USB bRequest field * @wValue: matches the USB wValue field (le16 byte order) * @wIndex: matches the USB wIndex field (le16 byte order) * @wLength: matches the USB wLength field (le16 byte order) * * This structure is used to send control requests to a USB device. It matches * the different fields of the USB 2.0 Spec section 9.3, table 9-2. See the * USB spec for a fuller description of the different fields, and what they are * used for. * * Note that the driver for any interface can issue control requests. * For most devices, interfaces don't coordinate with each other, so * such requests may be made at any time. */ struct usb_ctrlrequest { __u8 bRequestType; __u8 bRequest; __le16 wValue; __le16 wIndex; __le16 wLength; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * STANDARD DESCRIPTORS ... as returned by GET_DESCRIPTOR, or * (rarely) accepted by SET_DESCRIPTOR. * * Note that all multi-byte values here are encoded in little endian * byte order "on the wire". Within the kernel and when exposed * through the Linux-USB APIs, they are not converted to cpu byte * order; it is the responsibility of the client code to do this. * The single exception is when device and configuration descriptors (but * not other descriptors) are read from character devices * (i.e. /dev/bus/usb/BBB/DDD); * in this case the fields are converted to host endianness by the kernel. */ /* * Descriptor types ... USB 2.0 spec table 9.5 */ #define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01 #define USB_DT_CONFIG 0x02 #define USB_DT_STRING 0x03 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT 0x05 #define USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER 0x06 #define USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG 0x07 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_POWER 0x08 /* these are from a minor usb 2.0 revision (ECN) */ #define USB_DT_OTG 0x09 #define USB_DT_DEBUG 0x0a #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION 0x0b /* these are from the Wireless USB spec */ #define USB_DT_SECURITY 0x0c #define USB_DT_KEY 0x0d #define USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE 0x0e #define USB_DT_BOS 0x0f #define USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY 0x10 #define USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x11 #define USB_DT_WIRE_ADAPTER 0x21 #define USB_DT_RPIPE 0x22 #define USB_DT_CS_RADIO_CONTROL 0x23 /* From the T10 UAS specification */ #define USB_DT_PIPE_USAGE 0x24 /* From the USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x30 /* From the USB 3.1 spec */ #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x31 /* Conventional codes for class-specific descriptors. The convention is * defined in the USB "Common Class" Spec (3.11). Individual class specs * are authoritative for their usage, not the "common class" writeup. */ #define USB_DT_CS_DEVICE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_DEVICE) #define USB_DT_CS_CONFIG (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_CONFIG) #define USB_DT_CS_STRING (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_STRING) #define USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_INTERFACE) #define USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_ENDPOINT) /* All standard descriptors have these 2 fields at the beginning */ struct usb_descriptor_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE: Device descriptor */ struct usb_device_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __le16 idVendor; __le16 idProduct; __le16 bcdDevice; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 iProduct; __u8 iSerialNumber; __u8 bNumConfigurations; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_DEVICE_SIZE 18 /* * Device and/or Interface Class codes * as found in bDeviceClass or bInterfaceClass * and defined by www.usb.org documents */ #define USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE 0 /* for DeviceClass */ #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO 1 #define USB_CLASS_COMM 2 #define USB_CLASS_HID 3 #define USB_CLASS_PHYSICAL 5 #define USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE 6 #define USB_CLASS_PRINTER 7 #define USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE 8 #define USB_CLASS_HUB 9 #define USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA 0x0a #define USB_CLASS_CSCID 0x0b /* chip+ smart card */ #define USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC 0x0d /* content security */ #define USB_CLASS_VIDEO 0x0e #define USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER 0xe0 #define USB_CLASS_PERSONAL_HEALTHCARE 0x0f #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO_VIDEO 0x10 #define USB_CLASS_BILLBOARD 0x11 #define USB_CLASS_USB_TYPE_C_BRIDGE 0x12 #define USB_CLASS_MISC 0xef #define USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC 0xfe #define USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff #define USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_CONFIG: Configuration descriptor information. * * USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG is the same descriptor, except that the * descriptor type is different. Highspeed-capable devices can look * different depending on what speed they're currently running. Only * devices with a USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER have any OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG * descriptors. */ struct usb_config_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumInterfaces; __u8 bConfigurationValue; __u8 iConfiguration; __u8 bmAttributes; __u8 bMaxPower; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE 9 /* from config descriptor bmAttributes */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE (1 << 7) /* must be set */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER (1 << 6) /* self powered */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP (1 << 5) /* can wakeup */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_BATTERY (1 << 4) /* battery powered */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB String descriptors can contain at most 126 characters. */ #define USB_MAX_STRING_LEN 126 /* USB_DT_STRING: String descriptor */ struct usb_string_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* note that "string" zero is special, it holds language codes that * the device supports, not Unicode characters. */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE: Interface descriptor */ struct usb_interface_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bInterfaceNumber; __u8 bAlternateSetting; __u8 bNumEndpoints; __u8 bInterfaceClass; __u8 bInterfaceSubClass; __u8 bInterfaceProtocol; __u8 iInterface; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE 9 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENDPOINT: Endpoint descriptor */ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEndpointAddress; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wMaxPacketSize; __u8 bInterval; /* NOTE: these two are _only_ in audio endpoints. */ /* use USB_DT_ENDPOINT*_SIZE in bLength, not sizeof. */ __u8 bRefresh; __u8 bSynchAddress; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE 7 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE 9 /* Audio extension */ /* * Endpoints */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK 0x0f /* in bEndpointAddress */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK 0x03 /* in bmAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT 3 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAX_ADJUSTABLE 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK 0x07ff #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT 11 #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK (3 << USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(m) \ (((m) & USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK) >> USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) /* The USB 3.0 spec redefines bits 5:4 of bmAttributes as interrupt ep type. */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_PERIODIC (0 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE 0x0c #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_NONE (0 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC (1 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE (2 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC (3 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_DATA 0x00 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_FEEDBACK 0x10 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB 0x20 /* Implicit feedback Data endpoint */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /** * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according * to @epd's transfer type. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN); } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type isochronous, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in - check if the endpoint is bulk IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out - check if the endpoint is bulk OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_in - check if the endpoint is interrupt IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_out - check if the endpoint is interrupt OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in - check if the endpoint is isochronous IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out - check if the endpoint is isochronous OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp - get endpoint's max packet size * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's max packet bits [10:0] */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize) & USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp_mult - get endpoint's transactional opportunities * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Return @epd's wMaxPacketSize[12:11] + 1 */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { int maxp = __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize); return USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(maxp) + 1; } static inline int usb_endpoint_interrupt_type( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeedPlus Isochronous Endpoint Companion * descriptor */ struct usb_ssp_isoc_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wReseved; __le32 dwBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_EP_COMP_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeed Endpoint Companion descriptor */ struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SS_EP_COMP_SIZE 6 /* Bits 4:0 of bmAttributes if this is a bulk endpoint */ static inline int usb_ss_max_streams(const struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor *comp) { int max_streams; if (!comp) return 0; max_streams = comp->bmAttributes & 0x1f; if (!max_streams) return 0; max_streams = 1 << max_streams; return max_streams; } /* Bits 1:0 of bmAttributes if this is an isoc endpoint */ #define USB_SS_MULT(p) (1 + ((p) & 0x3)) /* Bit 7 of bmAttributes if a SSP isoc endpoint companion descriptor exists */ #define USB_SS_SSP_ISOC_COMP(p) ((p) & (1 << 7)) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER: Device Qualifier descriptor */ struct usb_qualifier_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __u8 bNumConfigurations; __u8 bRESERVED; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 1.0a supplement) */ struct usb_otg_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP, etc */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 2.0 supplement) */ struct usb_otg20_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP and ADP, etc */ __le16 bcdOTG; /* OTG and EH supplement release number * in binary-coded decimal(i.e. 2.0 is 0200H) */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* from usb_otg_descriptor.bmAttributes */ #define USB_OTG_SRP (1 << 0) #define USB_OTG_HNP (1 << 1) /* swap host/device roles */ #define USB_OTG_ADP (1 << 2) /* support ADP */ #define OTG_STS_SELECTOR 0xF000 /* OTG status selector */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEBUG: for special highspeed devices, replacing serial console */ struct usb_debug_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; /* bulk endpoints with 8 byte maxpacket */ __u8 bDebugInEndpoint; __u8 bDebugOutEndpoint; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION: groups interfaces */ struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bFirstInterface; __u8 bInterfaceCount; __u8 bFunctionClass; __u8 bFunctionSubClass; __u8 bFunctionProtocol; __u8 iFunction; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SECURITY: group of wireless security descriptors, including * encryption types available for setting up a CC/association. */ struct usb_security_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumEncryptionTypes; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_KEY: used with {GET,SET}_SECURITY_DATA; only public keys * may be retrieved. */ struct usb_key_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bKeyData[0]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE: bundled in DT_SECURITY groups */ struct usb_encryption_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEncryptionType; #define USB_ENC_TYPE_UNSECURE 0 #define USB_ENC_TYPE_WIRED 1 /* non-wireless mode */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_CCM_1 2 /* aes128/cbc session */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_RSA_1 3 /* rsa3072/sha1 auth */ __u8 bEncryptionValue; /* use in SET_ENCRYPTION */ __u8 bAuthKeyIndex; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_BOS: group of device-level capabilities */ struct usb_bos_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumDeviceCaps; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_BOS_SIZE 5 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY: grouped with BOS */ struct usb_dev_cap_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_CAP_TYPE_WIRELESS_USB 1 struct usb_wireless_cap_descriptor { /* Ultra Wide Band */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_WIRELESS_P2P_DRD (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_MASK (3 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_SELF (1 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_DIRECTED (2 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_NONE (3 << 2) __le16 wPHYRates; /* bit rates, Mbps */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_53 (1 << 0) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_80 (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_107 (1 << 2) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_160 (1 << 3) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_200 (1 << 4) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_320 (1 << 5) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_400 (1 << 6) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_480 (1 << 7) __u8 bmTFITXPowerInfo; /* TFI power levels */ __u8 bmFFITXPowerInfo; /* FFI power levels */ __le16 bmBandGroup; __u8 bReserved; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_WIRELESS_CAP_SIZE 11 /* USB 2.0 Extension descriptor */ #define USB_CAP_TYPE_EXT 2 struct usb_ext_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_LPM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LPM */ #define USB_BESL_SUPPORT (1 << 2) /* supports BESL */ #define USB_BESL_BASELINE_VALID (1 << 3) /* Baseline BESL valid*/ #define USB_BESL_DEEP_VALID (1 << 4) /* Deep BESL valid */ #define USB_SET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 8) #define USB_SET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 12) #define USB_GET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & (0xf << 8)) >> 8) #define USB_GET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & (0xf << 12)) >> 12) } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_EXT_CAP_SIZE 7 /* * SuperSpeed USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of SuperSpeed USB * specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SS_CAP_TYPE 3 struct usb_ss_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_LTM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LTM */ __le16 wSpeedSupported; #define USB_LOW_SPEED_OPERATION (1) /* Low speed operation */ #define USB_FULL_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 1) /* Full speed operation */ #define USB_HIGH_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 2) /* High speed operation */ #define USB_5GBPS_OPERATION (1 << 3) /* Operation at 5Gbps */ __u8 bFunctionalitySupport; __u8 bU1devExitLat; __le16 bU2DevExitLat; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CAP_SIZE 10 /* * Container ID Capability descriptor: Defines the instance unique ID used to * identify the instance across all operating modes */ #define CONTAINER_ID_TYPE 4 struct usb_ss_container_id_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 ContainerID[16]; /* 128-bit number */ } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CONTN_ID_SIZE 20 /* * SuperSpeed Plus USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of * SuperSpeed Plus USB specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SSP_CAP_TYPE 0xa struct usb_ssp_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBS (0x1f << 0) /* sublink speed entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_IDS (0xf << 5) /* speed ID entries */ __le16 wFunctionalitySupport; #define USB_SSP_MIN_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBUTE_ID (0xf) #define USB_SSP_MIN_RX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 8) #define USB_SSP_MIN_TX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 12) __le16 wReserved; __le32 bmSublinkSpeedAttr[1]; /* list of sublink speed attrib entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_SSID (0xf) /* sublink speed ID */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSE (0x3 << 4) /* Lanespeed exponent */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ST (0x3 << 6) /* Sublink type */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_RSVD (0x3f << 8) /* Reserved */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LP (0x3 << 14) /* Link protocol */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSM (0xff << 16) /* Lanespeed mantissa */ } __attribute__((packed)); /* * USB Power Delivery Capability Descriptor: * Defines capabilities for PD */ /* Defines the various PD Capabilities of this device */ #define USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY 0x06 /* Provides information on each battery supported by the device */ #define USB_PD_BATTERY_INFO_CAPABILITY 0x07 /* The Consumer characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_CONSUMER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x08 /* The provider characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_PROVIDER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x09 struct usb_pd_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* set to USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY */ __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_PD_CAP_BATTERY_CHARGING (1 << 1) /* supports Battery Charging specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_USB_PD (1 << 2) /* supports USB Power Delivery specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER (1 << 3) /* can provide power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER (1 << 4) /* can consume power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CHARGING_POLICY (1 << 5) /* supports CHARGING_POLICY feature */ #define USB_PD_CAP_TYPE_C_CURRENT (1 << 6) /* supports power capabilities defined in the USB Type-C Specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_AC (1 << 8) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_BAT (1 << 9) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_USE_V_BUS (1 << 14) __le16 bmProviderPorts; /* Bit zero refers to the UFP of the device */ __le16 bmConsumerPorts; __le16 bcdBCVersion; __le16 bcdPDVersion; __le16 bcdUSBTypeCVersion; } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_battery_info_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the user friendly name for this battery */ __u8 iBattery; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the Serial Number String for this battery */ __u8 iSerial; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 bBatteryId; /* uniquely identifies this battery in status Messages */ __u8 bReserved; /* * Shall contain the Battery Charge value above which this * battery is considered to be fully charged but not necessarily * “topped off.” */ __le32 dwChargedThreshold; /* in mWh */ /* * Shall contain the minimum charge level of this battery such * that above this threshold, a device can be assured of being * able to power up successfully (see Battery Charging 1.2). */ __le32 dwWeakThreshold; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryDesignCapacity; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryLastFullchargeCapacity; /* in mWh */ } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_consumer_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __le16 wMinVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __le16 wMaxVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __u16 wReserved; __le32 dwMaxOperatingPower; /* in 10 mW - operating at steady state */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPower; /* in 10mW units - operating at peak power */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPowerTime; /* in 100ms units - duration of peak */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_UNKNOWN_PEAK_POWER_TIME 0xffff } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_provider_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved1; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __u8 bNumOfPDObjects; __u8 bReserved2; __le32 wPowerDataObject[]; } __attribute__((packed)); /* * Precision time measurement capability descriptor: advertised by devices and * hubs that support PTM */ #define USB_PTM_CAP_TYPE 0xb struct usb_ptm_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_PTM_ID_SIZE 3 /* * The size of the descriptor for the Sublink Speed Attribute Count * (SSAC) specified in bmAttributes[4:0]. SSAC is zero-based */ #define USB_DT_USB_SSP_CAP_SIZE(ssac) (12 + (ssac + 1) * 4) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP: companion descriptor associated with * each endpoint descriptor for a wireless device */ struct usb_wireless_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bMaxSequence; __le16 wMaxStreamDelay; __le16 wOverTheAirPacketSize; __u8 bOverTheAirInterval; __u8 bmCompAttributes; #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_MASK 0x03 /* in bmCompAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_NO 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SWITCH 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SCALE 2 } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE is a four-way handshake used between a wireless * host and a device for connection set up, mutual authentication, and * exchanging short lived session keys. The handshake depends on a CC. */ struct usb_handshake { __u8 bMessageNumber; __u8 bStatus; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 CDID[16]; __u8 nonce[16]; __u8 MIC[8]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION modifies or revokes a connection context (CC). * A CC may also be set up using non-wireless secure channels (including * wired USB!), and some devices may support CCs with multiple hosts. */ struct usb_connection_context { __u8 CHID[16]; /* persistent host id */ __u8 CDID[16]; /* device id (unique w/in host context) */ __u8 CK[16]; /* connection key */ } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB 2.0 defines three speeds, here's how Linux identifies them */ enum usb_device_speed { USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN = 0, /* enumerating */ USB_SPEED_LOW, USB_SPEED_FULL, /* usb 1.1 */ USB_SPEED_HIGH, /* usb 2.0 */ USB_SPEED_WIRELESS, /* wireless (usb 2.5) */ USB_SPEED_SUPER, /* usb 3.0 */ USB_SPEED_SUPER_PLUS, /* usb 3.1 */ }; enum usb_device_state { /* NOTATTACHED isn't in the USB spec, and this state acts * the same as ATTACHED ... but it's clearer this way. */ USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED = 0, /* chapter 9 and authentication (wireless) device states */ USB_STATE_ATTACHED, USB_STATE_POWERED, /* wired */ USB_STATE_RECONNECTING, /* auth */ USB_STATE_UNAUTHENTICATED, /* auth */ USB_STATE_DEFAULT, /* limited function */ USB_STATE_ADDRESS, USB_STATE_CONFIGURED, /* most functions */ USB_STATE_SUSPENDED /* NOTE: there are actually four different SUSPENDED * states, returning to POWERED, DEFAULT, ADDRESS, or * CONFIGURED respectively when SOF tokens flow again. * At this level there's no difference between L1 and L2 * suspend states. (L2 being original USB 1.1 suspend.) */ }; enum usb3_link_state { USB3_LPM_U0 = 0, USB3_LPM_U1, USB3_LPM_U2, USB3_LPM_U3 }; /* * A U1 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U1. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U1, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U1 timeout of 0x1 to 0x7F also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U1 after that many microseconds. Timeouts of 0x80 to 0xFE are reserved * values. * * A U2 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U2. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U2, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U2 timeout of 0x1 to 0xFE also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U2 after N*256 microseconds. Therefore a U2 timeout value of 0x1 means a U2 * idle timer of 256 microseconds, 0x2 means 512 microseconds, 0xFE means * 65.024ms. */ #define USB3_LPM_DISABLED 0x0 #define USB3_LPM_U1_MAX_TIMEOUT 0x7F #define USB3_LPM_U2_MAX_TIMEOUT 0xFE #define USB3_LPM_DEVICE_INITIATED 0xFF struct usb_set_sel_req { __u8 u1_sel; __u8 u1_pel; __le16 u2_sel; __le16 u2_pel; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* * The Set System Exit Latency control transfer provides one byte each for * U1 SEL and U1 PEL, so the max exit latency is 0xFF. U2 SEL and U2 PEL each * are two bytes long. */ #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL 0xFF #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL 0xFFFF /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * As per USB compliance update, a device that is actively drawing * more than 100mA from USB must report itself as bus-powered in * the GetStatus(DEVICE) call. * https://compliance.usb.org/index.asp?UpdateFile=Electrical&Format=Standard#34 */ #define USB_SELF_POWER_VBUS_MAX_DRAW 100 #endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_TLB_H #define _ASM_X86_TLB_H #define tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0) #define tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0) #define __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address) do { } while (0) #define tlb_flush tlb_flush static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb); #include <asm-generic/tlb.h> static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { unsigned long start = 0UL, end = TLB_FLUSH_ALL; unsigned int stride_shift = tlb_get_unmap_shift(tlb); if (!tlb->fullmm && !tlb->need_flush_all) { start = tlb->start; end = tlb->end; } flush_tlb_mm_range(tlb->mm, start, end, stride_shift, tlb->freed_tables); } /* * While x86 architecture in general requires an IPI to perform TLB * shootdown, enablement code for several hypervisors overrides * .flush_tlb_others hook in pv_mmu_ops and implements it by issuing * a hypercall. To keep software pagetable walkers safe in this case we * switch to RCU based table free (MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE). See the comment * below 'ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE' in include/asm-generic/tlb.h * for more details. */ static inline void __tlb_remove_table(void *table) { free_page_and_swap_cache(table); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_TLB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_GENERIC_NETLINK_H #define __NET_GENERIC_NETLINK_H #include <linux/genetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #define GENLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE (NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE - GENL_HDRLEN) /** * struct genl_multicast_group - generic netlink multicast group * @name: name of the multicast group, names are per-family */ struct genl_multicast_group { char name[GENL_NAMSIZ]; }; struct genl_ops; struct genl_info; /** * struct genl_family - generic netlink family * @id: protocol family identifier (private) * @hdrsize: length of user specific header in bytes * @name: name of family * @version: protocol version * @maxattr: maximum number of attributes supported * @policy: netlink policy * @netnsok: set to true if the family can handle network * namespaces and should be presented in all of them * @parallel_ops: operations can be called in parallel and aren't * synchronized by the core genetlink code * @pre_doit: called before an operation's doit callback, it may * do additional, common, filtering and return an error * @post_doit: called after an operation's doit callback, it may * undo operations done by pre_doit, for example release locks * @mcgrps: multicast groups used by this family * @n_mcgrps: number of multicast groups * @mcgrp_offset: starting number of multicast group IDs in this family * (private) * @ops: the operations supported by this family * @n_ops: number of operations supported by this family * @small_ops: the small-struct operations supported by this family * @n_small_ops: number of small-struct operations supported by this family */ struct genl_family { int id; /* private */ unsigned int hdrsize; char name[GENL_NAMSIZ]; unsigned int version; unsigned int maxattr; unsigned int mcgrp_offset; /* private */ u8 netnsok:1; u8 parallel_ops:1; u8 n_ops; u8 n_small_ops; u8 n_mcgrps; const struct nla_policy *policy; int (*pre_doit)(const struct genl_ops *ops, struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); void (*post_doit)(const struct genl_ops *ops, struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); const struct genl_ops * ops; const struct genl_small_ops *small_ops; const struct genl_multicast_group *mcgrps; struct module *module; }; /** * struct genl_info - receiving information * @snd_seq: sending sequence number * @snd_portid: netlink portid of sender * @nlhdr: netlink message header * @genlhdr: generic netlink message header * @userhdr: user specific header * @attrs: netlink attributes * @_net: network namespace * @user_ptr: user pointers * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ struct genl_info { u32 snd_seq; u32 snd_portid; struct nlmsghdr * nlhdr; struct genlmsghdr * genlhdr; void * userhdr; struct nlattr ** attrs; possible_net_t _net; void * user_ptr[2]; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; }; static inline struct net *genl_info_net(struct genl_info *info) { return read_pnet(&info->_net); } static inline void genl_info_net_set(struct genl_info *info, struct net *net) { write_pnet(&info->_net, net); } #define GENL_SET_ERR_MSG(info, msg) NL_SET_ERR_MSG((info)->extack, msg) enum genl_validate_flags { GENL_DONT_VALIDATE_STRICT = BIT(0), GENL_DONT_VALIDATE_DUMP = BIT(1), GENL_DONT_VALIDATE_DUMP_STRICT = BIT(2), }; /** * struct genl_small_ops - generic netlink operations (small version) * @cmd: command identifier * @internal_flags: flags used by the family * @flags: flags * @validate: validation flags from enum genl_validate_flags * @doit: standard command callback * @dumpit: callback for dumpers * * This is a cut-down version of struct genl_ops for users who don't need * most of the ancillary infra and want to save space. */ struct genl_small_ops { int (*doit)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int (*dumpit)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); u8 cmd; u8 internal_flags; u8 flags; u8 validate; }; /** * struct genl_ops - generic netlink operations * @cmd: command identifier * @internal_flags: flags used by the family * @flags: flags * @maxattr: maximum number of attributes supported * @policy: netlink policy (takes precedence over family policy) * @validate: validation flags from enum genl_validate_flags * @doit: standard command callback * @start: start callback for dumps * @dumpit: callback for dumpers * @done: completion callback for dumps */ struct genl_ops { int (*doit)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int (*start)(struct netlink_callback *cb); int (*dumpit)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *cb); const struct nla_policy *policy; unsigned int maxattr; u8 cmd; u8 internal_flags; u8 flags; u8 validate; }; /** * struct genl_info - info that is available during dumpit op call * @family: generic netlink family - for internal genl code usage * @ops: generic netlink ops - for internal genl code usage * @attrs: netlink attributes */ struct genl_dumpit_info { const struct genl_family *family; struct genl_ops op; struct nlattr **attrs; }; static inline const struct genl_dumpit_info * genl_dumpit_info(struct netlink_callback *cb) { return cb->data; } int genl_register_family(struct genl_family *family); int genl_unregister_family(const struct genl_family *family); void genl_notify(const struct genl_family *family, struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info, u32 group, gfp_t flags); void *genlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, const struct genl_family *family, int flags, u8 cmd); /** * genlmsg_nlhdr - Obtain netlink header from user specified header * @user_hdr: user header as returned from genlmsg_put() * * Returns pointer to netlink header. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *genlmsg_nlhdr(void *user_hdr) { return (struct nlmsghdr *)((char *)user_hdr - GENL_HDRLEN - NLMSG_HDRLEN); } /** * genlmsg_parse_deprecated - parse attributes of a genetlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @family: genetlink message family * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ static inline int genlmsg_parse_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, const struct genl_family *family, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, family->hdrsize + GENL_HDRLEN, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * genlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a genetlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @family: genetlink message family * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ static inline int genlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, const struct genl_family *family, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, family->hdrsize + GENL_HDRLEN, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * genl_dump_check_consistent - check if sequence is consistent and advertise if not * @cb: netlink callback structure that stores the sequence number * @user_hdr: user header as returned from genlmsg_put() * * Cf. nl_dump_check_consistent(), this just provides a wrapper to make it * simpler to use with generic netlink. */ static inline void genl_dump_check_consistent(struct netlink_callback *cb, void *user_hdr) { nl_dump_check_consistent(cb, genlmsg_nlhdr(user_hdr)); } /** * genlmsg_put_reply - Add generic netlink header to a reply message * @skb: socket buffer holding the message * @info: receiver info * @family: generic netlink family * @flags: netlink message flags * @cmd: generic netlink command * * Returns pointer to user specific header */ static inline void *genlmsg_put_reply(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info, const struct genl_family *family, int flags, u8 cmd) { return genlmsg_put(skb, info->snd_portid, info->snd_seq, family, flags, cmd); } /** * genlmsg_end - Finalize a generic netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @hdr: user specific header */ static inline void genlmsg_end(struct sk_buff *skb, void *hdr) { nlmsg_end(skb, hdr - GENL_HDRLEN - NLMSG_HDRLEN); } /** * genlmsg_cancel - Cancel construction of a generic netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @hdr: generic netlink message header */ static inline void genlmsg_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, void *hdr) { if (hdr) nlmsg_cancel(skb, hdr - GENL_HDRLEN - NLMSG_HDRLEN); } /** * genlmsg_multicast_netns - multicast a netlink message to a specific netns * @family: the generic netlink family * @net: the net namespace * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: offset of multicast group in groups array * @flags: allocation flags */ static inline int genlmsg_multicast_netns(const struct genl_family *family, struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(group >= family->n_mcgrps)) return -EINVAL; group = family->mcgrp_offset + group; return nlmsg_multicast(net->genl_sock, skb, portid, group, flags); } /** * genlmsg_multicast - multicast a netlink message to the default netns * @family: the generic netlink family * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: offset of multicast group in groups array * @flags: allocation flags */ static inline int genlmsg_multicast(const struct genl_family *family, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags) { return genlmsg_multicast_netns(family, &init_net, skb, portid, group, flags); } /** * genlmsg_multicast_allns - multicast a netlink message to all net namespaces * @family: the generic netlink family * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: offset of multicast group in groups array * @flags: allocation flags * * This function must hold the RTNL or rcu_read_lock(). */ int genlmsg_multicast_allns(const struct genl_family *family, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags); /** * genlmsg_unicast - unicast a netlink message * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: netlink portid of the destination socket */ static inline int genlmsg_unicast(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid) { return nlmsg_unicast(net->genl_sock, skb, portid); } /** * genlmsg_reply - reply to a request * @skb: netlink message to be sent back * @info: receiver information */ static inline int genlmsg_reply(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info) { return genlmsg_unicast(genl_info_net(info), skb, info->snd_portid); } /** * gennlmsg_data - head of message payload * @gnlh: genetlink message header */ static inline void *genlmsg_data(const struct genlmsghdr *gnlh) { return ((unsigned char *) gnlh + GENL_HDRLEN); } /** * genlmsg_len - length of message payload * @gnlh: genetlink message header */ static inline int genlmsg_len(const struct genlmsghdr *gnlh) { struct nlmsghdr *nlh = (struct nlmsghdr *)((unsigned char *)gnlh - NLMSG_HDRLEN); return (nlh->nlmsg_len - GENL_HDRLEN - NLMSG_HDRLEN); } /** * genlmsg_msg_size - length of genetlink message not including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int genlmsg_msg_size(int payload) { return GENL_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * genlmsg_total_size - length of genetlink message including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int genlmsg_total_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_ALIGN(genlmsg_msg_size(payload)); } /** * genlmsg_new - Allocate a new generic netlink message * @payload: size of the message payload * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. */ static inline struct sk_buff *genlmsg_new(size_t payload, gfp_t flags) { return nlmsg_new(genlmsg_total_size(payload), flags); } /** * genl_set_err - report error to genetlink broadcast listeners * @family: the generic netlink family * @net: the network namespace to report the error to * @portid: the PORTID of a process that we want to skip (if any) * @group: the broadcast group that will notice the error * (this is the offset of the multicast group in the groups array) * @code: error code, must be negative (as usual in kernelspace) * * This function returns the number of broadcast listeners that have set the * NETLINK_RECV_NO_ENOBUFS socket option. */ static inline int genl_set_err(const struct genl_family *family, struct net *net, u32 portid, u32 group, int code) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(group >= family->n_mcgrps)) return -EINVAL; group = family->mcgrp_offset + group; return netlink_set_err(net->genl_sock, portid, group, code); } static inline int genl_has_listeners(const struct genl_family *family, struct net *net, unsigned int group) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(group >= family->n_mcgrps)) return -EINVAL; group = family->mcgrp_offset + group; return netlink_has_listeners(net->genl_sock, group); } #endif /* __NET_GENERIC_NETLINK_H */
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typedef int (*wait_queue_func_t)(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int flags, void *key); int default_wake_function(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int flags, void *key); /* wait_queue_entry::flags */ #define WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE 0x01 #define WQ_FLAG_WOKEN 0x02 #define WQ_FLAG_BOOKMARK 0x04 #define WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM 0x08 #define WQ_FLAG_DONE 0x10 /* * A single wait-queue entry structure: */ struct wait_queue_entry { unsigned int flags; void *private; wait_queue_func_t func; struct list_head entry; }; struct wait_queue_head { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head head; }; typedef struct wait_queue_head wait_queue_head_t; struct task_struct; /* * Macros for declaration and initialisaton of the datatypes */ #define __WAITQUEUE_INITIALIZER(name, tsk) { \ .private = tsk, \ .func = default_wake_function, \ .entry = { NULL, NULL } } #define DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(name, tsk) \ struct wait_queue_entry name = __WAITQUEUE_INITIALIZER(name, tsk) #define __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(name) { \ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.lock), \ .head = { &(name).head, &(name).head } } #define DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(name) \ struct wait_queue_head name = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(name) extern void __init_waitqueue_head(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *); #define init_waitqueue_head(wq_head) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_waitqueue_head((wq_head), #wq_head, &__key); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INIT_ONSTACK(name) \ ({ init_waitqueue_head(&name); name; }) # define DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(name) \ struct wait_queue_head name = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INIT_ONSTACK(name) #else # define DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(name) DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(name) #endif static inline void init_waitqueue_entry(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, struct task_struct *p) { wq_entry->flags = 0; wq_entry->private = p; wq_entry->func = default_wake_function; } static inline void init_waitqueue_func_entry(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, wait_queue_func_t func) { wq_entry->flags = 0; wq_entry->private = NULL; wq_entry->func = func; } /** * waitqueue_active -- locklessly test for waiters on the queue * @wq_head: the waitqueue to test for waiters * * returns true if the wait list is not empty * * NOTE: this function is lockless and requires care, incorrect usage _will_ * lead to sporadic and non-obvious failure. * * Use either while holding wait_queue_head::lock or when used for wakeups * with an extra smp_mb() like:: * * CPU0 - waker CPU1 - waiter * * for (;;) { * @cond = true; prepare_to_wait(&wq_head, &wait, state); * smp_mb(); // smp_mb() from set_current_state() * if (waitqueue_active(wq_head)) if (@cond) * wake_up(wq_head); break; * schedule(); * } * finish_wait(&wq_head, &wait); * * Because without the explicit smp_mb() it's possible for the * waitqueue_active() load to get hoisted over the @cond store such that we'll * observe an empty wait list while the waiter might not observe @cond. * * Also note that this 'optimization' trades a spin_lock() for an smp_mb(), * which (when the lock is uncontended) are of roughly equal cost. */ static inline int waitqueue_active(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head) { return !list_empty(&wq_head->head); } /** * wq_has_single_sleeper - check if there is only one sleeper * @wq_head: wait queue head * * Returns true of wq_head has only one sleeper on the list. * * Please refer to the comment for waitqueue_active. */ static inline bool wq_has_single_sleeper(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head) { return list_is_singular(&wq_head->head); } /** * wq_has_sleeper - check if there are any waiting processes * @wq_head: wait queue head * * Returns true if wq_head has waiting processes * * Please refer to the comment for waitqueue_active. */ static inline bool wq_has_sleeper(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head) { /* * We need to be sure we are in sync with the * add_wait_queue modifications to the wait queue. * * This memory barrier should be paired with one on the * waiting side. */ smp_mb(); return waitqueue_active(wq_head); } extern void add_wait_queue(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry); extern void add_wait_queue_exclusive(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry); extern void remove_wait_queue(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry); static inline void __add_wait_queue(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry) { list_add(&wq_entry->entry, &wq_head->head); } /* * Used for wake-one threads: */ static inline void __add_wait_queue_exclusive(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry) { wq_entry->flags |= WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE; __add_wait_queue(wq_head, wq_entry); } static inline void __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry) { list_add_tail(&wq_entry->entry, &wq_head->head); } static inline void __add_wait_queue_entry_tail_exclusive(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry) { wq_entry->flags |= WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE; __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(wq_head, wq_entry); } static inline void __remove_wait_queue(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry) { list_del(&wq_entry->entry); } void __wake_up(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, int nr, void *key); void __wake_up_locked_key(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, void *key); void __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, void *key, wait_queue_entry_t *bookmark); void __wake_up_sync_key(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, void *key); void __wake_up_locked_sync_key(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, void *key); void __wake_up_locked(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, int nr); void __wake_up_sync(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode); #define wake_up(x) __wake_up(x, TASK_NORMAL, 1, NULL) #define wake_up_nr(x, nr) __wake_up(x, TASK_NORMAL, nr, NULL) #define wake_up_all(x) __wake_up(x, TASK_NORMAL, 0, NULL) #define wake_up_locked(x) __wake_up_locked((x), TASK_NORMAL, 1) #define wake_up_all_locked(x) __wake_up_locked((x), TASK_NORMAL, 0) #define wake_up_interruptible(x) __wake_up(x, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 1, NULL) #define wake_up_interruptible_nr(x, nr) __wake_up(x, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, nr, NULL) #define wake_up_interruptible_all(x) __wake_up(x, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, NULL) #define wake_up_interruptible_sync(x) __wake_up_sync((x), TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) /* * Wakeup macros to be used to report events to the targets. */ #define poll_to_key(m) ((void *)(__force uintptr_t)(__poll_t)(m)) #define key_to_poll(m) ((__force __poll_t)(uintptr_t)(void *)(m)) #define wake_up_poll(x, m) \ __wake_up(x, TASK_NORMAL, 1, poll_to_key(m)) #define wake_up_locked_poll(x, m) \ __wake_up_locked_key((x), TASK_NORMAL, poll_to_key(m)) #define wake_up_interruptible_poll(x, m) \ __wake_up(x, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 1, poll_to_key(m)) #define wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(x, m) \ __wake_up_sync_key((x), TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, poll_to_key(m)) #define wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll_locked(x, m) \ __wake_up_locked_sync_key((x), TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, poll_to_key(m)) #define ___wait_cond_timeout(condition) \ ({ \ bool __cond = (condition); \ if (__cond && !__ret) \ __ret = 1; \ __cond || !__ret; \ }) #define ___wait_is_interruptible(state) \ (!__builtin_constant_p(state) || \ state == TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE || state == TASK_KILLABLE) \ extern void init_wait_entry(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, int flags); /* * The below macro ___wait_event() has an explicit shadow of the __ret * variable when used from the wait_event_*() macros. * * This is so that both can use the ___wait_cond_timeout() construct * to wrap the condition. * * The type inconsistency of the wait_event_*() __ret variable is also * on purpose; we use long where we can return timeout values and int * otherwise. */ #define ___wait_event(wq_head, condition, state, exclusive, ret, cmd) \ ({ \ __label__ __out; \ struct wait_queue_entry __wq_entry; \ long __ret = ret; /* explicit shadow */ \ \ init_wait_entry(&__wq_entry, exclusive ? WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE : 0); \ for (;;) { \ long __int = prepare_to_wait_event(&wq_head, &__wq_entry, state);\ \ if (condition) \ break; \ \ if (___wait_is_interruptible(state) && __int) { \ __ret = __int; \ goto __out; \ } \ \ cmd; \ } \ finish_wait(&wq_head, &__wq_entry); \ __out: __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event(wq_head, condition) \ (void)___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) /** * wait_event - sleep until a condition gets true * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. The @condition is checked each time * the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. */ #define wait_event(wq_head, condition) \ do { \ might_sleep(); \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_event(wq_head, condition); \ } while (0) #define __io_wait_event(wq_head, condition) \ (void)___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ io_schedule()) /* * io_wait_event() -- like wait_event() but with io_schedule() */ #define io_wait_event(wq_head, condition) \ do { \ might_sleep(); \ if (condition) \ break; \ __io_wait_event(wq_head, condition); \ } while (0) #define __wait_event_freezable(wq_head, condition) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ freezable_schedule()) /** * wait_event_freezable - sleep (or freeze) until a condition gets true * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE -- so as not to contribute * to system load) until the @condition evaluates to true. The * @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. */ #define wait_event_freezable(wq_head, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_freezable(wq_head, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) /** * wait_event_timeout - sleep until a condition gets true or a timeout elapses * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. The @condition is checked each time * the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * Returns: * 0 if the @condition evaluated to %false after the @timeout elapsed, * 1 if the @condition evaluated to %true after the @timeout elapsed, * or the remaining jiffies (at least 1) if the @condition evaluated * to %true before the @timeout elapsed. */ #define wait_event_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_freezable_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = freezable_schedule_timeout(__ret)) /* * like wait_event_timeout() -- except it uses TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE to avoid * increasing load and is freezable. */ #define wait_event_freezable_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_freezable_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_exclusive_cmd(wq_head, condition, cmd1, cmd2) \ (void)___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 1, 0, \ cmd1; schedule(); cmd2) /* * Just like wait_event_cmd(), except it sets exclusive flag */ #define wait_event_exclusive_cmd(wq_head, condition, cmd1, cmd2) \ do { \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_event_exclusive_cmd(wq_head, condition, cmd1, cmd2); \ } while (0) #define __wait_event_cmd(wq_head, condition, cmd1, cmd2) \ (void)___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ cmd1; schedule(); cmd2) /** * wait_event_cmd - sleep until a condition gets true * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @cmd1: the command will be executed before sleep * @cmd2: the command will be executed after sleep * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. The @condition is checked each time * the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. */ #define wait_event_cmd(wq_head, condition, cmd1, cmd2) \ do { \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_event_cmd(wq_head, condition, cmd1, cmd2); \ } while (0) #define __wait_event_interruptible(wq_head, condition) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) /** * wait_event_interruptible - sleep until a condition gets true * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a * signal and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_interruptible(wq_head, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_interruptible(wq_head, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_interruptible_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) /** * wait_event_interruptible_timeout - sleep until a condition gets true or a timeout elapses * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * Returns: * 0 if the @condition evaluated to %false after the @timeout elapsed, * 1 if the @condition evaluated to %true after the @timeout elapsed, * the remaining jiffies (at least 1) if the @condition evaluated * to %true before the @timeout elapsed, or -%ERESTARTSYS if it was * interrupted by a signal. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_interruptible_timeout(wq_head, \ condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_hrtimeout(wq_head, condition, timeout, state) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ struct hrtimer_sleeper __t; \ \ hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(&__t, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, \ HRTIMER_MODE_REL); \ if ((timeout) != KTIME_MAX) \ hrtimer_start_range_ns(&__t.timer, timeout, \ current->timer_slack_ns, \ HRTIMER_MODE_REL); \ \ __ret = ___wait_event(wq_head, condition, state, 0, 0, \ if (!__t.task) { \ __ret = -ETIME; \ break; \ } \ schedule()); \ \ hrtimer_cancel(&__t.timer); \ destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(&__t.timer); \ __ret; \ }) /** * wait_event_hrtimeout - sleep until a condition gets true or a timeout elapses * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @timeout: timeout, as a ktime_t * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function returns 0 if @condition became true, or -ETIME if the timeout * elapsed. */ #define wait_event_hrtimeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_hrtimeout(wq_head, condition, timeout, \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); \ __ret; \ }) /** * wait_event_interruptible_hrtimeout - sleep until a condition gets true or a timeout elapses * @wq: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @timeout: timeout, as a ktime_t * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function returns 0 if @condition became true, -ERESTARTSYS if it was * interrupted by a signal, or -ETIME if the timeout elapsed. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_hrtimeout(wq, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_hrtimeout(wq, condition, timeout, \ TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_interruptible_exclusive(wq, condition) \ ___wait_event(wq, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 1, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_event_interruptible_exclusive(wq, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_interruptible_exclusive(wq, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_killable_exclusive(wq, condition) \ ___wait_event(wq, condition, TASK_KILLABLE, 1, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_event_killable_exclusive(wq, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_killable_exclusive(wq, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_freezable_exclusive(wq, condition) \ ___wait_event(wq, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 1, 0, \ freezable_schedule()) #define wait_event_freezable_exclusive(wq, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_freezable_exclusive(wq, condition); \ __ret; \ }) /** * wait_event_idle - wait for a condition without contributing to system load * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_IDLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * */ #define wait_event_idle(wq_head, condition) \ do { \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_IDLE, 0, 0, schedule()); \ } while (0) /** * wait_event_idle_exclusive - wait for a condition with contributing to system load * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_IDLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * The process is put on the wait queue with an WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE flag * set thus if other processes wait on the same list, when this * process is woken further processes are not considered. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * */ #define wait_event_idle_exclusive(wq_head, condition) \ do { \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_IDLE, 1, 0, schedule()); \ } while (0) #define __wait_event_idle_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_IDLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) /** * wait_event_idle_timeout - sleep without load until a condition becomes true or a timeout elapses * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_IDLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. The @condition is checked each time * the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * Returns: * 0 if the @condition evaluated to %false after the @timeout elapsed, * 1 if the @condition evaluated to %true after the @timeout elapsed, * or the remaining jiffies (at least 1) if the @condition evaluated * to %true before the @timeout elapsed. */ #define wait_event_idle_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_idle_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_idle_exclusive_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_IDLE, 1, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) /** * wait_event_idle_exclusive_timeout - sleep without load until a condition becomes true or a timeout elapses * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_IDLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. The @condition is checked each time * the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * The process is put on the wait queue with an WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE flag * set thus if other processes wait on the same list, when this * process is woken further processes are not considered. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * Returns: * 0 if the @condition evaluated to %false after the @timeout elapsed, * 1 if the @condition evaluated to %true after the @timeout elapsed, * or the remaining jiffies (at least 1) if the @condition evaluated * to %true before the @timeout elapsed. */ #define wait_event_idle_exclusive_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_idle_exclusive_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout);\ __ret; \ }) extern int do_wait_intr(wait_queue_head_t *, wait_queue_entry_t *); extern int do_wait_intr_irq(wait_queue_head_t *, wait_queue_entry_t *); #define __wait_event_interruptible_locked(wq, condition, exclusive, fn) \ ({ \ int __ret; \ DEFINE_WAIT(__wait); \ if (exclusive) \ __wait.flags |= WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE; \ do { \ __ret = fn(&(wq), &__wait); \ if (__ret) \ break; \ } while (!(condition)); \ __remove_wait_queue(&(wq), &__wait); \ __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); \ __ret; \ }) /** * wait_event_interruptible_locked - sleep until a condition gets true * @wq: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq is woken up. * * It must be called with wq.lock being held. This spinlock is * unlocked while sleeping but @condition testing is done while lock * is held and when this macro exits the lock is held. * * The lock is locked/unlocked using spin_lock()/spin_unlock() * functions which must match the way they are locked/unlocked outside * of this macro. * * wake_up_locked() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a * signal and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_locked(wq, condition) \ ((condition) \ ? 0 : __wait_event_interruptible_locked(wq, condition, 0, do_wait_intr)) /** * wait_event_interruptible_locked_irq - sleep until a condition gets true * @wq: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq is woken up. * * It must be called with wq.lock being held. This spinlock is * unlocked while sleeping but @condition testing is done while lock * is held and when this macro exits the lock is held. * * The lock is locked/unlocked using spin_lock_irq()/spin_unlock_irq() * functions which must match the way they are locked/unlocked outside * of this macro. * * wake_up_locked() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a * signal and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_locked_irq(wq, condition) \ ((condition) \ ? 0 : __wait_event_interruptible_locked(wq, condition, 0, do_wait_intr_irq)) /** * wait_event_interruptible_exclusive_locked - sleep exclusively until a condition gets true * @wq: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq is woken up. * * It must be called with wq.lock being held. This spinlock is * unlocked while sleeping but @condition testing is done while lock * is held and when this macro exits the lock is held. * * The lock is locked/unlocked using spin_lock()/spin_unlock() * functions which must match the way they are locked/unlocked outside * of this macro. * * The process is put on the wait queue with an WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE flag * set thus when other process waits process on the list if this * process is awaken further processes are not considered. * * wake_up_locked() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a * signal and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_exclusive_locked(wq, condition) \ ((condition) \ ? 0 : __wait_event_interruptible_locked(wq, condition, 1, do_wait_intr)) /** * wait_event_interruptible_exclusive_locked_irq - sleep until a condition gets true * @wq: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq is woken up. * * It must be called with wq.lock being held. This spinlock is * unlocked while sleeping but @condition testing is done while lock * is held and when this macro exits the lock is held. * * The lock is locked/unlocked using spin_lock_irq()/spin_unlock_irq() * functions which must match the way they are locked/unlocked outside * of this macro. * * The process is put on the wait queue with an WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE flag * set thus when other process waits process on the list if this * process is awaken further processes are not considered. * * wake_up_locked() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a * signal and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_exclusive_locked_irq(wq, condition) \ ((condition) \ ? 0 : __wait_event_interruptible_locked(wq, condition, 1, do_wait_intr_irq)) #define __wait_event_killable(wq, condition) \ ___wait_event(wq, condition, TASK_KILLABLE, 0, 0, schedule()) /** * wait_event_killable - sleep until a condition gets true * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_KILLABLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * The function will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a * signal and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_killable(wq_head, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_killable(wq_head, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_killable_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_KILLABLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) /** * wait_event_killable_timeout - sleep until a condition gets true or a timeout elapses * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_KILLABLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a kill signal is received. * The @condition is checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * Returns: * 0 if the @condition evaluated to %false after the @timeout elapsed, * 1 if the @condition evaluated to %true after the @timeout elapsed, * the remaining jiffies (at least 1) if the @condition evaluated * to %true before the @timeout elapsed, or -%ERESTARTSYS if it was * interrupted by a kill signal. * * Only kill signals interrupt this process. */ #define wait_event_killable_timeout(wq_head, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_killable_timeout(wq_head, \ condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_lock_irq(wq_head, condition, lock, cmd) \ (void)___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ spin_unlock_irq(&lock); \ cmd; \ schedule(); \ spin_lock_irq(&lock)) /** * wait_event_lock_irq_cmd - sleep until a condition gets true. The * condition is checked under the lock. This * is expected to be called with the lock * taken. * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @lock: a locked spinlock_t, which will be released before cmd * and schedule() and reacquired afterwards. * @cmd: a command which is invoked outside the critical section before * sleep * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. The @condition is checked each time * the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * This is supposed to be called while holding the lock. The lock is * dropped before invoking the cmd and going to sleep and is reacquired * afterwards. */ #define wait_event_lock_irq_cmd(wq_head, condition, lock, cmd) \ do { \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_event_lock_irq(wq_head, condition, lock, cmd); \ } while (0) /** * wait_event_lock_irq - sleep until a condition gets true. The * condition is checked under the lock. This * is expected to be called with the lock * taken. * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @lock: a locked spinlock_t, which will be released before schedule() * and reacquired afterwards. * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true. The @condition is checked each time * the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * This is supposed to be called while holding the lock. The lock is * dropped before going to sleep and is reacquired afterwards. */ #define wait_event_lock_irq(wq_head, condition, lock) \ do { \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_event_lock_irq(wq_head, condition, lock, ); \ } while (0) #define __wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq(wq_head, condition, lock, cmd) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ spin_unlock_irq(&lock); \ cmd; \ schedule(); \ spin_lock_irq(&lock)) /** * wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq_cmd - sleep until a condition gets true. * The condition is checked under the lock. This is expected to * be called with the lock taken. * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @lock: a locked spinlock_t, which will be released before cmd and * schedule() and reacquired afterwards. * @cmd: a command which is invoked outside the critical section before * sleep * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or a signal is received. The @condition is * checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * This is supposed to be called while holding the lock. The lock is * dropped before invoking the cmd and going to sleep and is reacquired * afterwards. * * The macro will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a signal * and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq_cmd(wq_head, condition, lock, cmd) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq(wq_head, \ condition, lock, cmd); \ __ret; \ }) /** * wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq - sleep until a condition gets true. * The condition is checked under the lock. This is expected * to be called with the lock taken. * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @lock: a locked spinlock_t, which will be released before schedule() * and reacquired afterwards. * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or signal is received. The @condition is * checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * This is supposed to be called while holding the lock. The lock is * dropped before going to sleep and is reacquired afterwards. * * The macro will return -ERESTARTSYS if it was interrupted by a signal * and 0 if @condition evaluated to true. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq(wq_head, condition, lock) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq(wq_head, \ condition, lock,); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_event_lock_irq_timeout(wq_head, condition, lock, timeout, state) \ ___wait_event(wq_head, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ state, 0, timeout, \ spin_unlock_irq(&lock); \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret); \ spin_lock_irq(&lock)); /** * wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq_timeout - sleep until a condition gets * true or a timeout elapses. The condition is checked under * the lock. This is expected to be called with the lock taken. * @wq_head: the waitqueue to wait on * @condition: a C expression for the event to wait for * @lock: a locked spinlock_t, which will be released before schedule() * and reacquired afterwards. * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * The process is put to sleep (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) until the * @condition evaluates to true or signal is received. The @condition is * checked each time the waitqueue @wq_head is woken up. * * wake_up() has to be called after changing any variable that could * change the result of the wait condition. * * This is supposed to be called while holding the lock. The lock is * dropped before going to sleep and is reacquired afterwards. * * The function returns 0 if the @timeout elapsed, -ERESTARTSYS if it * was interrupted by a signal, and the remaining jiffies otherwise * if the condition evaluated to true before the timeout elapsed. */ #define wait_event_interruptible_lock_irq_timeout(wq_head, condition, lock, \ timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_lock_irq_timeout( \ wq_head, condition, lock, timeout, \ TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); \ __ret; \ }) #define wait_event_lock_irq_timeout(wq_head, condition, lock, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_event_lock_irq_timeout( \ wq_head, condition, lock, timeout, \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); \ __ret; \ }) /* * Waitqueues which are removed from the waitqueue_head at wakeup time */ void prepare_to_wait(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, int state); bool prepare_to_wait_exclusive(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, int state); long prepare_to_wait_event(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, int state); void finish_wait(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry); long wait_woken(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, long timeout); int woken_wake_function(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key); int autoremove_wake_function(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key); #define DEFINE_WAIT_FUNC(name, function) \ struct wait_queue_entry name = { \ .private = current, \ .func = function, \ .entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).entry), \ } #define DEFINE_WAIT(name) DEFINE_WAIT_FUNC(name, autoremove_wake_function) #define init_wait(wait) \ do { \ (wait)->private = current; \ (wait)->func = autoremove_wake_function; \ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&(wait)->entry); \ (wait)->flags = 0; \ } while (0) bool try_invoke_on_locked_down_task(struct task_struct *p, bool (*func)(struct task_struct *t, void *arg), void *arg); #endif /* _LINUX_WAIT_H */
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6008 6009 6010 6011 6012 6013 6014 6015 6016 6017 6018 6019 6020 6021 6022 6023 6024 6025 6026 6027 6028 6029 6030 6031 6032 6033 6034 6035 6036 6037 6038 6039 6040 6041 6042 6043 6044 6045 6046 6047 6048 6049 6050 6051 6052 6053 6054 6055 6056 6057 6058 6059 6060 6061 6062 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * kernel/workqueue.c - generic async execution with shared worker pool * * Copyright (C) 2002 Ingo Molnar * * Derived from the taskqueue/keventd code by: * David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> * Andrew Morton * Kai Petzke <wpp@marie.physik.tu-berlin.de> * Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> * * Made to use alloc_percpu by Christoph Lameter. * * Copyright (C) 2010 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (C) 2010 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> * * This is the generic async execution mechanism. Work items as are * executed in process context. The worker pool is shared and * automatically managed. There are two worker pools for each CPU (one for * normal work items and the other for high priority ones) and some extra * pools for workqueues which are not bound to any specific CPU - the * number of these backing pools is dynamic. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/workqueue.rst for details. */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/sched/isolation.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/kvm_para.h> #include "workqueue_internal.h" enum { /* * worker_pool flags * * A bound pool is either associated or disassociated with its CPU. * While associated (!DISASSOCIATED), all workers are bound to the * CPU and none has %WORKER_UNBOUND set and concurrency management * is in effect. * * While DISASSOCIATED, the cpu may be offline and all workers have * %WORKER_UNBOUND set and concurrency management disabled, and may * be executing on any CPU. The pool behaves as an unbound one. * * Note that DISASSOCIATED should be flipped only while holding * wq_pool_attach_mutex to avoid changing binding state while * worker_attach_to_pool() is in progress. */ POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE = 1 << 0, /* being managed */ POOL_DISASSOCIATED = 1 << 2, /* cpu can't serve workers */ /* worker flags */ WORKER_DIE = 1 << 1, /* die die die */ WORKER_IDLE = 1 << 2, /* is idle */ WORKER_PREP = 1 << 3, /* preparing to run works */ WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE = 1 << 6, /* cpu intensive */ WORKER_UNBOUND = 1 << 7, /* worker is unbound */ WORKER_REBOUND = 1 << 8, /* worker was rebound */ WORKER_NOT_RUNNING = WORKER_PREP | WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE | WORKER_UNBOUND | WORKER_REBOUND, NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS = 2, /* # standard pools per cpu */ UNBOUND_POOL_HASH_ORDER = 6, /* hashed by pool->attrs */ BUSY_WORKER_HASH_ORDER = 6, /* 64 pointers */ MAX_IDLE_WORKERS_RATIO = 4, /* 1/4 of busy can be idle */ IDLE_WORKER_TIMEOUT = 300 * HZ, /* keep idle ones for 5 mins */ MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT = HZ / 100 >= 2 ? HZ / 100 : 2, /* call for help after 10ms (min two ticks) */ MAYDAY_INTERVAL = HZ / 10, /* and then every 100ms */ CREATE_COOLDOWN = HZ, /* time to breath after fail */ /* * Rescue workers are used only on emergencies and shared by * all cpus. Give MIN_NICE. */ RESCUER_NICE_LEVEL = MIN_NICE, HIGHPRI_NICE_LEVEL = MIN_NICE, WQ_NAME_LEN = 24, }; /* * Structure fields follow one of the following exclusion rules. * * I: Modifiable by initialization/destruction paths and read-only for * everyone else. * * P: Preemption protected. Disabling preemption is enough and should * only be modified and accessed from the local cpu. * * L: pool->lock protected. Access with pool->lock held. * * X: During normal operation, modification requires pool->lock and should * be done only from local cpu. Either disabling preemption on local * cpu or grabbing pool->lock is enough for read access. If * POOL_DISASSOCIATED is set, it's identical to L. * * A: wq_pool_attach_mutex protected. * * PL: wq_pool_mutex protected. * * PR: wq_pool_mutex protected for writes. RCU protected for reads. * * PW: wq_pool_mutex and wq->mutex protected for writes. Either for reads. * * PWR: wq_pool_mutex and wq->mutex protected for writes. Either or * RCU for reads. * * WQ: wq->mutex protected. * * WR: wq->mutex protected for writes. RCU protected for reads. * * MD: wq_mayday_lock protected. */ /* struct worker is defined in workqueue_internal.h */ struct worker_pool { raw_spinlock_t lock; /* the pool lock */ int cpu; /* I: the associated cpu */ int node; /* I: the associated node ID */ int id; /* I: pool ID */ unsigned int flags; /* X: flags */ unsigned long watchdog_ts; /* L: watchdog timestamp */ struct list_head worklist; /* L: list of pending works */ int nr_workers; /* L: total number of workers */ int nr_idle; /* L: currently idle workers */ struct list_head idle_list; /* X: list of idle workers */ struct timer_list idle_timer; /* L: worker idle timeout */ struct timer_list mayday_timer; /* L: SOS timer for workers */ /* a workers is either on busy_hash or idle_list, or the manager */ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(busy_hash, BUSY_WORKER_HASH_ORDER); /* L: hash of busy workers */ struct worker *manager; /* L: purely informational */ struct list_head workers; /* A: attached workers */ struct completion *detach_completion; /* all workers detached */ struct ida worker_ida; /* worker IDs for task name */ struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; /* I: worker attributes */ struct hlist_node hash_node; /* PL: unbound_pool_hash node */ int refcnt; /* PL: refcnt for unbound pools */ /* * The current concurrency level. As it's likely to be accessed * from other CPUs during try_to_wake_up(), put it in a separate * cacheline. */ atomic_t nr_running ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * Destruction of pool is RCU protected to allow dereferences * from get_work_pool(). */ struct rcu_head rcu; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * The per-pool workqueue. While queued, the lower WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_BITS * of work_struct->data are used for flags and the remaining high bits * point to the pwq; thus, pwqs need to be aligned at two's power of the * number of flag bits. */ struct pool_workqueue { struct worker_pool *pool; /* I: the associated pool */ struct workqueue_struct *wq; /* I: the owning workqueue */ int work_color; /* L: current color */ int flush_color; /* L: flushing color */ int refcnt; /* L: reference count */ int nr_in_flight[WORK_NR_COLORS]; /* L: nr of in_flight works */ int nr_active; /* L: nr of active works */ int max_active; /* L: max active works */ struct list_head delayed_works; /* L: delayed works */ struct list_head pwqs_node; /* WR: node on wq->pwqs */ struct list_head mayday_node; /* MD: node on wq->maydays */ /* * Release of unbound pwq is punted to system_wq. See put_pwq() * and pwq_unbound_release_workfn() for details. pool_workqueue * itself is also RCU protected so that the first pwq can be * determined without grabbing wq->mutex. */ struct work_struct unbound_release_work; struct rcu_head rcu; } __aligned(1 << WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_BITS); /* * Structure used to wait for workqueue flush. */ struct wq_flusher { struct list_head list; /* WQ: list of flushers */ int flush_color; /* WQ: flush color waiting for */ struct completion done; /* flush completion */ }; struct wq_device; /* * The externally visible workqueue. It relays the issued work items to * the appropriate worker_pool through its pool_workqueues. */ struct workqueue_struct { struct list_head pwqs; /* WR: all pwqs of this wq */ struct list_head list; /* PR: list of all workqueues */ struct mutex mutex; /* protects this wq */ int work_color; /* WQ: current work color */ int flush_color; /* WQ: current flush color */ atomic_t nr_pwqs_to_flush; /* flush in progress */ struct wq_flusher *first_flusher; /* WQ: first flusher */ struct list_head flusher_queue; /* WQ: flush waiters */ struct list_head flusher_overflow; /* WQ: flush overflow list */ struct list_head maydays; /* MD: pwqs requesting rescue */ struct worker *rescuer; /* MD: rescue worker */ int nr_drainers; /* WQ: drain in progress */ int saved_max_active; /* WQ: saved pwq max_active */ struct workqueue_attrs *unbound_attrs; /* PW: only for unbound wqs */ struct pool_workqueue *dfl_pwq; /* PW: only for unbound wqs */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS struct wq_device *wq_dev; /* I: for sysfs interface */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP char *lock_name; struct lock_class_key key; struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; #endif char name[WQ_NAME_LEN]; /* I: workqueue name */ /* * Destruction of workqueue_struct is RCU protected to allow walking * the workqueues list without grabbing wq_pool_mutex. * This is used to dump all workqueues from sysrq. */ struct rcu_head rcu; /* hot fields used during command issue, aligned to cacheline */ unsigned int flags ____cacheline_aligned; /* WQ: WQ_* flags */ struct pool_workqueue __percpu *cpu_pwqs; /* I: per-cpu pwqs */ struct pool_workqueue __rcu *numa_pwq_tbl[]; /* PWR: unbound pwqs indexed by node */ }; static struct kmem_cache *pwq_cache; static cpumask_var_t *wq_numa_possible_cpumask; /* possible CPUs of each node */ static bool wq_disable_numa; module_param_named(disable_numa, wq_disable_numa, bool, 0444); /* see the comment above the definition of WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT */ static bool wq_power_efficient = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT_DEFAULT); module_param_named(power_efficient, wq_power_efficient, bool, 0444); static bool wq_online; /* can kworkers be created yet? */ static bool wq_numa_enabled; /* unbound NUMA affinity enabled */ /* buf for wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs(), protected by CPU hotplug exclusion */ static struct workqueue_attrs *wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf; static DEFINE_MUTEX(wq_pool_mutex); /* protects pools and workqueues list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* protects worker attach/detach */ static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(wq_mayday_lock); /* protects wq->maydays list */ /* wait for manager to go away */ static struct rcuwait manager_wait = __RCUWAIT_INITIALIZER(manager_wait); static LIST_HEAD(workqueues); /* PR: list of all workqueues */ static bool workqueue_freezing; /* PL: have wqs started freezing? */ /* PL: allowable cpus for unbound wqs and work items */ static cpumask_var_t wq_unbound_cpumask; /* CPU where unbound work was last round robin scheduled from this CPU */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, wq_rr_cpu_last); /* * Local execution of unbound work items is no longer guaranteed. The * following always forces round-robin CPU selection on unbound work items * to uncover usages which depend on it. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_WQ_FORCE_RR_CPU static bool wq_debug_force_rr_cpu = true; #else static bool wq_debug_force_rr_cpu = false; #endif module_param_named(debug_force_rr_cpu, wq_debug_force_rr_cpu, bool, 0644); /* the per-cpu worker pools */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct worker_pool [NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS], cpu_worker_pools); static DEFINE_IDR(worker_pool_idr); /* PR: idr of all pools */ /* PL: hash of all unbound pools keyed by pool->attrs */ static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(unbound_pool_hash, UNBOUND_POOL_HASH_ORDER); /* I: attributes used when instantiating standard unbound pools on demand */ static struct workqueue_attrs *unbound_std_wq_attrs[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS]; /* I: attributes used when instantiating ordered pools on demand */ static struct workqueue_attrs *ordered_wq_attrs[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS]; struct workqueue_struct *system_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(system_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_highpri_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_highpri_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_long_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_long_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_unbound_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_unbound_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_freezable_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_freezable_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_power_efficient_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_power_efficient_wq); struct workqueue_struct *system_freezable_power_efficient_wq __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_freezable_power_efficient_wq); static int worker_thread(void *__worker); static void workqueue_sysfs_unregister(struct workqueue_struct *wq); static void show_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq); #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/workqueue.h> #define assert_rcu_or_pool_mutex() \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \ !lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \ "RCU or wq_pool_mutex should be held") #define assert_rcu_or_wq_mutex_or_pool_mutex(wq) \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \ !lockdep_is_held(&wq->mutex) && \ !lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \ "RCU, wq->mutex or wq_pool_mutex should be held") #define for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) \ for ((pool) = &per_cpu(cpu_worker_pools, cpu)[0]; \ (pool) < &per_cpu(cpu_worker_pools, cpu)[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS]; \ (pool)++) /** * for_each_pool - iterate through all worker_pools in the system * @pool: iteration cursor * @pi: integer used for iteration * * This must be called either with wq_pool_mutex held or RCU read * locked. If the pool needs to be used beyond the locking in effect, the * caller is responsible for guaranteeing that the pool stays online. * * The if/else clause exists only for the lockdep assertion and can be * ignored. */ #define for_each_pool(pool, pi) \ idr_for_each_entry(&worker_pool_idr, pool, pi) \ if (({ assert_rcu_or_pool_mutex(); false; })) { } \ else /** * for_each_pool_worker - iterate through all workers of a worker_pool * @worker: iteration cursor * @pool: worker_pool to iterate workers of * * This must be called with wq_pool_attach_mutex. * * The if/else clause exists only for the lockdep assertion and can be * ignored. */ #define for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) \ list_for_each_entry((worker), &(pool)->workers, node) \ if (({ lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); false; })) { } \ else /** * for_each_pwq - iterate through all pool_workqueues of the specified workqueue * @pwq: iteration cursor * @wq: the target workqueue * * This must be called either with wq->mutex held or RCU read locked. * If the pwq needs to be used beyond the locking in effect, the caller is * responsible for guaranteeing that the pwq stays online. * * The if/else clause exists only for the lockdep assertion and can be * ignored. */ #define for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu((pwq), &(wq)->pwqs, pwqs_node, \ lockdep_is_held(&(wq->mutex))) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_WORK static const struct debug_obj_descr work_debug_descr; static void *work_debug_hint(void *addr) { return ((struct work_struct *) addr)->func; } static bool work_is_static_object(void *addr) { struct work_struct *work = addr; return test_bit(WORK_STRUCT_STATIC_BIT, work_data_bits(work)); } /* * fixup_init is called when: * - an active object is initialized */ static bool work_fixup_init(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct work_struct *work = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: cancel_work_sync(work); debug_object_init(work, &work_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } /* * fixup_free is called when: * - an active object is freed */ static bool work_fixup_free(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct work_struct *work = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: cancel_work_sync(work); debug_object_free(work, &work_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } static const struct debug_obj_descr work_debug_descr = { .name = "work_struct", .debug_hint = work_debug_hint, .is_static_object = work_is_static_object, .fixup_init = work_fixup_init, .fixup_free = work_fixup_free, }; static inline void debug_work_activate(struct work_struct *work) { debug_object_activate(work, &work_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_work_deactivate(struct work_struct *work) { debug_object_deactivate(work, &work_debug_descr); } void __init_work(struct work_struct *work, int onstack) { if (onstack) debug_object_init_on_stack(work, &work_debug_descr); else debug_object_init(work, &work_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__init_work); void destroy_work_on_stack(struct work_struct *work) { debug_object_free(work, &work_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_work_on_stack); void destroy_delayed_work_on_stack(struct delayed_work *work) { destroy_timer_on_stack(&work->timer); debug_object_free(&work->work, &work_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_delayed_work_on_stack); #else static inline void debug_work_activate(struct work_struct *work) { } static inline void debug_work_deactivate(struct work_struct *work) { } #endif /** * worker_pool_assign_id - allocate ID and assing it to @pool * @pool: the pool pointer of interest * * Returns 0 if ID in [0, WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE) is allocated and assigned * successfully, -errno on failure. */ static int worker_pool_assign_id(struct worker_pool *pool) { int ret; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); ret = idr_alloc(&worker_pool_idr, pool, 0, WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE, GFP_KERNEL); if (ret >= 0) { pool->id = ret; return 0; } return ret; } /** * unbound_pwq_by_node - return the unbound pool_workqueue for the given node * @wq: the target workqueue * @node: the node ID * * This must be called with any of wq_pool_mutex, wq->mutex or RCU * read locked. * If the pwq needs to be used beyond the locking in effect, the caller is * responsible for guaranteeing that the pwq stays online. * * Return: The unbound pool_workqueue for @node. */ static struct pool_workqueue *unbound_pwq_by_node(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int node) { assert_rcu_or_wq_mutex_or_pool_mutex(wq); /* * XXX: @node can be NUMA_NO_NODE if CPU goes offline while a * delayed item is pending. The plan is to keep CPU -> NODE * mapping valid and stable across CPU on/offlines. Once that * happens, this workaround can be removed. */ if (unlikely(node == NUMA_NO_NODE)) return wq->dfl_pwq; return rcu_dereference_raw(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node]); } static unsigned int work_color_to_flags(int color) { return color << WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT; } static int get_work_color(struct work_struct *work) { return (*work_data_bits(work) >> WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_SHIFT) & ((1 << WORK_STRUCT_COLOR_BITS) - 1); } static int work_next_color(int color) { return (color + 1) % WORK_NR_COLORS; } /* * While queued, %WORK_STRUCT_PWQ is set and non flag bits of a work's data * contain the pointer to the queued pwq. Once execution starts, the flag * is cleared and the high bits contain OFFQ flags and pool ID. * * set_work_pwq(), set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(), mark_work_canceling() * and clear_work_data() can be used to set the pwq, pool or clear * work->data. These functions should only be called while the work is * owned - ie. while the PENDING bit is set. * * get_work_pool() and get_work_pwq() can be used to obtain the pool or pwq * corresponding to a work. Pool is available once the work has been * queued anywhere after initialization until it is sync canceled. pwq is * available only while the work item is queued. * * %WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING is used to mark a work item which is being * canceled. While being canceled, a work item may have its PENDING set * but stay off timer and worklist for arbitrarily long and nobody should * try to steal the PENDING bit. */ static inline void set_work_data(struct work_struct *work, unsigned long data, unsigned long flags) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!work_pending(work)); atomic_long_set(&work->data, data | flags | work_static(work)); } static void set_work_pwq(struct work_struct *work, struct pool_workqueue *pwq, unsigned long extra_flags) { set_work_data(work, (unsigned long)pwq, WORK_STRUCT_PENDING | WORK_STRUCT_PWQ | extra_flags); } static void set_work_pool_and_keep_pending(struct work_struct *work, int pool_id) { set_work_data(work, (unsigned long)pool_id << WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT, WORK_STRUCT_PENDING); } static void set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(struct work_struct *work, int pool_id) { /* * The following wmb is paired with the implied mb in * test_and_set_bit(PENDING) and ensures all updates to @work made * here are visible to and precede any updates by the next PENDING * owner. */ smp_wmb(); set_work_data(work, (unsigned long)pool_id << WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT, 0); /* * The following mb guarantees that previous clear of a PENDING bit * will not be reordered with any speculative LOADS or STORES from * work->current_func, which is executed afterwards. This possible * reordering can lead to a missed execution on attempt to queue * the same @work. E.g. consider this case: * * CPU#0 CPU#1 * ---------------------------- -------------------------------- * * 1 STORE event_indicated * 2 queue_work_on() { * 3 test_and_set_bit(PENDING) * 4 } set_..._and_clear_pending() { * 5 set_work_data() # clear bit * 6 smp_mb() * 7 work->current_func() { * 8 LOAD event_indicated * } * * Without an explicit full barrier speculative LOAD on line 8 can * be executed before CPU#0 does STORE on line 1. If that happens, * CPU#0 observes the PENDING bit is still set and new execution of * a @work is not queued in a hope, that CPU#1 will eventually * finish the queued @work. Meanwhile CPU#1 does not see * event_indicated is set, because speculative LOAD was executed * before actual STORE. */ smp_mb(); } static void clear_work_data(struct work_struct *work) { smp_wmb(); /* see set_work_pool_and_clear_pending() */ set_work_data(work, WORK_STRUCT_NO_POOL, 0); } static struct pool_workqueue *get_work_pwq(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); if (data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) return (void *)(data & WORK_STRUCT_WQ_DATA_MASK); else return NULL; } /** * get_work_pool - return the worker_pool a given work was associated with * @work: the work item of interest * * Pools are created and destroyed under wq_pool_mutex, and allows read * access under RCU read lock. As such, this function should be * called under wq_pool_mutex or inside of a rcu_read_lock() region. * * All fields of the returned pool are accessible as long as the above * mentioned locking is in effect. If the returned pool needs to be used * beyond the critical section, the caller is responsible for ensuring the * returned pool is and stays online. * * Return: The worker_pool @work was last associated with. %NULL if none. */ static struct worker_pool *get_work_pool(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); int pool_id; assert_rcu_or_pool_mutex(); if (data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) return ((struct pool_workqueue *) (data & WORK_STRUCT_WQ_DATA_MASK))->pool; pool_id = data >> WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT; if (pool_id == WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE) return NULL; return idr_find(&worker_pool_idr, pool_id); } /** * get_work_pool_id - return the worker pool ID a given work is associated with * @work: the work item of interest * * Return: The worker_pool ID @work was last associated with. * %WORK_OFFQ_POOL_NONE if none. */ static int get_work_pool_id(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); if (data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) return ((struct pool_workqueue *) (data & WORK_STRUCT_WQ_DATA_MASK))->pool->id; return data >> WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT; } static void mark_work_canceling(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long pool_id = get_work_pool_id(work); pool_id <<= WORK_OFFQ_POOL_SHIFT; set_work_data(work, pool_id | WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING, WORK_STRUCT_PENDING); } static bool work_is_canceling(struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long data = atomic_long_read(&work->data); return !(data & WORK_STRUCT_PWQ) && (data & WORK_OFFQ_CANCELING); } /* * Policy functions. These define the policies on how the global worker * pools are managed. Unless noted otherwise, these functions assume that * they're being called with pool->lock held. */ static bool __need_more_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { return !atomic_read(&pool->nr_running); } /* * Need to wake up a worker? Called from anything but currently * running workers. * * Note that, because unbound workers never contribute to nr_running, this * function will always return %true for unbound pools as long as the * worklist isn't empty. */ static bool need_more_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { return !list_empty(&pool->worklist) && __need_more_worker(pool); } /* Can I start working? Called from busy but !running workers. */ static bool may_start_working(struct worker_pool *pool) { return pool->nr_idle; } /* Do I need to keep working? Called from currently running workers. */ static bool keep_working(struct worker_pool *pool) { return !list_empty(&pool->worklist) && atomic_read(&pool->nr_running) <= 1; } /* Do we need a new worker? Called from manager. */ static bool need_to_create_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { return need_more_worker(pool) && !may_start_working(pool); } /* Do we have too many workers and should some go away? */ static bool too_many_workers(struct worker_pool *pool) { bool managing = pool->flags & POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; int nr_idle = pool->nr_idle + managing; /* manager is considered idle */ int nr_busy = pool->nr_workers - nr_idle; return nr_idle > 2 && (nr_idle - 2) * MAX_IDLE_WORKERS_RATIO >= nr_busy; } /* * Wake up functions. */ /* Return the first idle worker. Safe with preemption disabled */ static struct worker *first_idle_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { if (unlikely(list_empty(&pool->idle_list))) return NULL; return list_first_entry(&pool->idle_list, struct worker, entry); } /** * wake_up_worker - wake up an idle worker * @pool: worker pool to wake worker from * * Wake up the first idle worker of @pool. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void wake_up_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { struct worker *worker = first_idle_worker(pool); if (likely(worker)) wake_up_process(worker->task); } /** * wq_worker_running - a worker is running again * @task: task waking up * * This function is called when a worker returns from schedule() */ void wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *task) { struct worker *worker = kthread_data(task); if (!worker->sleeping) return; if (!(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) atomic_inc(&worker->pool->nr_running); worker->sleeping = 0; } /** * wq_worker_sleeping - a worker is going to sleep * @task: task going to sleep * * This function is called from schedule() when a busy worker is * going to sleep. Preemption needs to be disabled to protect ->sleeping * assignment. */ void wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *task) { struct worker *next, *worker = kthread_data(task); struct worker_pool *pool; /* * Rescuers, which may not have all the fields set up like normal * workers, also reach here, let's not access anything before * checking NOT_RUNNING. */ if (worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING) return; pool = worker->pool; /* Return if preempted before wq_worker_running() was reached */ if (worker->sleeping) return; worker->sleeping = 1; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * The counterpart of the following dec_and_test, implied mb, * worklist not empty test sequence is in insert_work(). * Please read comment there. * * NOT_RUNNING is clear. This means that we're bound to and * running on the local cpu w/ rq lock held and preemption * disabled, which in turn means that none else could be * manipulating idle_list, so dereferencing idle_list without pool * lock is safe. */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&pool->nr_running) && !list_empty(&pool->worklist)) { next = first_idle_worker(pool); if (next) wake_up_process(next->task); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } /** * wq_worker_last_func - retrieve worker's last work function * @task: Task to retrieve last work function of. * * Determine the last function a worker executed. This is called from * the scheduler to get a worker's last known identity. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(rq->lock) * * This function is called during schedule() when a kworker is going * to sleep. It's used by psi to identify aggregation workers during * dequeuing, to allow periodic aggregation to shut-off when that * worker is the last task in the system or cgroup to go to sleep. * * As this function doesn't involve any workqueue-related locking, it * only returns stable values when called from inside the scheduler's * queuing and dequeuing paths, when @task, which must be a kworker, * is guaranteed to not be processing any works. * * Return: * The last work function %current executed as a worker, NULL if it * hasn't executed any work yet. */ work_func_t wq_worker_last_func(struct task_struct *task) { struct worker *worker = kthread_data(task); return worker->last_func; } /** * worker_set_flags - set worker flags and adjust nr_running accordingly * @worker: self * @flags: flags to set * * Set @flags in @worker->flags and adjust nr_running accordingly. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) */ static inline void worker_set_flags(struct worker *worker, unsigned int flags) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; WARN_ON_ONCE(worker->task != current); /* If transitioning into NOT_RUNNING, adjust nr_running. */ if ((flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING) && !(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) { atomic_dec(&pool->nr_running); } worker->flags |= flags; } /** * worker_clr_flags - clear worker flags and adjust nr_running accordingly * @worker: self * @flags: flags to clear * * Clear @flags in @worker->flags and adjust nr_running accordingly. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) */ static inline void worker_clr_flags(struct worker *worker, unsigned int flags) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; unsigned int oflags = worker->flags; WARN_ON_ONCE(worker->task != current); worker->flags &= ~flags; /* * If transitioning out of NOT_RUNNING, increment nr_running. Note * that the nested NOT_RUNNING is not a noop. NOT_RUNNING is mask * of multiple flags, not a single flag. */ if ((flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING) && (oflags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) if (!(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)) atomic_inc(&pool->nr_running); } /** * find_worker_executing_work - find worker which is executing a work * @pool: pool of interest * @work: work to find worker for * * Find a worker which is executing @work on @pool by searching * @pool->busy_hash which is keyed by the address of @work. For a worker * to match, its current execution should match the address of @work and * its work function. This is to avoid unwanted dependency between * unrelated work executions through a work item being recycled while still * being executed. * * This is a bit tricky. A work item may be freed once its execution * starts and nothing prevents the freed area from being recycled for * another work item. If the same work item address ends up being reused * before the original execution finishes, workqueue will identify the * recycled work item as currently executing and make it wait until the * current execution finishes, introducing an unwanted dependency. * * This function checks the work item address and work function to avoid * false positives. Note that this isn't complete as one may construct a * work function which can introduce dependency onto itself through a * recycled work item. Well, if somebody wants to shoot oneself in the * foot that badly, there's only so much we can do, and if such deadlock * actually occurs, it should be easy to locate the culprit work function. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). * * Return: * Pointer to worker which is executing @work if found, %NULL * otherwise. */ static struct worker *find_worker_executing_work(struct worker_pool *pool, struct work_struct *work) { struct worker *worker; hash_for_each_possible(pool->busy_hash, worker, hentry, (unsigned long)work) if (worker->current_work == work && worker->current_func == work->func) return worker; return NULL; } /** * move_linked_works - move linked works to a list * @work: start of series of works to be scheduled * @head: target list to append @work to * @nextp: out parameter for nested worklist walking * * Schedule linked works starting from @work to @head. Work series to * be scheduled starts at @work and includes any consecutive work with * WORK_STRUCT_LINKED set in its predecessor. * * If @nextp is not NULL, it's updated to point to the next work of * the last scheduled work. This allows move_linked_works() to be * nested inside outer list_for_each_entry_safe(). * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void move_linked_works(struct work_struct *work, struct list_head *head, struct work_struct **nextp) { struct work_struct *n; /* * Linked worklist will always end before the end of the list, * use NULL for list head. */ list_for_each_entry_safe_from(work, n, NULL, entry) { list_move_tail(&work->entry, head); if (!(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED)) break; } /* * If we're already inside safe list traversal and have moved * multiple works to the scheduled queue, the next position * needs to be updated. */ if (nextp) *nextp = n; } /** * get_pwq - get an extra reference on the specified pool_workqueue * @pwq: pool_workqueue to get * * Obtain an extra reference on @pwq. The caller should guarantee that * @pwq has positive refcnt and be holding the matching pool->lock. */ static void get_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { lockdep_assert_held(&pwq->pool->lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(pwq->refcnt <= 0); pwq->refcnt++; } /** * put_pwq - put a pool_workqueue reference * @pwq: pool_workqueue to put * * Drop a reference of @pwq. If its refcnt reaches zero, schedule its * destruction. The caller should be holding the matching pool->lock. */ static void put_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { lockdep_assert_held(&pwq->pool->lock); if (likely(--pwq->refcnt)) return; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(pwq->wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND))) return; /* * @pwq can't be released under pool->lock, bounce to * pwq_unbound_release_workfn(). This never recurses on the same * pool->lock as this path is taken only for unbound workqueues and * the release work item is scheduled on a per-cpu workqueue. To * avoid lockdep warning, unbound pool->locks are given lockdep * subclass of 1 in get_unbound_pool(). */ schedule_work(&pwq->unbound_release_work); } /** * put_pwq_unlocked - put_pwq() with surrounding pool lock/unlock * @pwq: pool_workqueue to put (can be %NULL) * * put_pwq() with locking. This function also allows %NULL @pwq. */ static void put_pwq_unlocked(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { if (pwq) { /* * As both pwqs and pools are RCU protected, the * following lock operations are safe. */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); put_pwq(pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); } } static void pwq_activate_delayed_work(struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = get_work_pwq(work); trace_workqueue_activate_work(work); if (list_empty(&pwq->pool->worklist)) pwq->pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; move_linked_works(work, &pwq->pool->worklist, NULL); __clear_bit(WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED_BIT, work_data_bits(work)); pwq->nr_active++; } static void pwq_activate_first_delayed(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&pwq->delayed_works, struct work_struct, entry); pwq_activate_delayed_work(work); } /** * pwq_dec_nr_in_flight - decrement pwq's nr_in_flight * @pwq: pwq of interest * @color: color of work which left the queue * * A work either has completed or is removed from pending queue, * decrement nr_in_flight of its pwq and handle workqueue flushing. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void pwq_dec_nr_in_flight(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, int color) { /* uncolored work items don't participate in flushing or nr_active */ if (color == WORK_NO_COLOR) goto out_put; pwq->nr_in_flight[color]--; pwq->nr_active--; if (!list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) { /* one down, submit a delayed one */ if (pwq->nr_active < pwq->max_active) pwq_activate_first_delayed(pwq); } /* is flush in progress and are we at the flushing tip? */ if (likely(pwq->flush_color != color)) goto out_put; /* are there still in-flight works? */ if (pwq->nr_in_flight[color]) goto out_put; /* this pwq is done, clear flush_color */ pwq->flush_color = -1; /* * If this was the last pwq, wake up the first flusher. It * will handle the rest. */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&pwq->wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush)) complete(&pwq->wq->first_flusher->done); out_put: put_pwq(pwq); } /** * try_to_grab_pending - steal work item from worklist and disable irq * @work: work item to steal * @is_dwork: @work is a delayed_work * @flags: place to store irq state * * Try to grab PENDING bit of @work. This function can handle @work in any * stable state - idle, on timer or on worklist. * * Return: * * ======== ================================================================ * 1 if @work was pending and we successfully stole PENDING * 0 if @work was idle and we claimed PENDING * -EAGAIN if PENDING couldn't be grabbed at the moment, safe to busy-retry * -ENOENT if someone else is canceling @work, this state may persist * for arbitrarily long * ======== ================================================================ * * Note: * On >= 0 return, the caller owns @work's PENDING bit. To avoid getting * interrupted while holding PENDING and @work off queue, irq must be * disabled on entry. This, combined with delayed_work->timer being * irqsafe, ensures that we return -EAGAIN for finite short period of time. * * On successful return, >= 0, irq is disabled and the caller is * responsible for releasing it using local_irq_restore(*@flags). * * This function is safe to call from any context including IRQ handler. */ static int try_to_grab_pending(struct work_struct *work, bool is_dwork, unsigned long *flags) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; local_irq_save(*flags); /* try to steal the timer if it exists */ if (is_dwork) { struct delayed_work *dwork = to_delayed_work(work); /* * dwork->timer is irqsafe. If del_timer() fails, it's * guaranteed that the timer is not queued anywhere and not * running on the local CPU. */ if (likely(del_timer(&dwork->timer))) return 1; } /* try to claim PENDING the normal way */ if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); /* * The queueing is in progress, or it is already queued. Try to * steal it from ->worklist without clearing WORK_STRUCT_PENDING. */ pool = get_work_pool(work); if (!pool) goto fail; raw_spin_lock(&pool->lock); /* * work->data is guaranteed to point to pwq only while the work * item is queued on pwq->wq, and both updating work->data to point * to pwq on queueing and to pool on dequeueing are done under * pwq->pool->lock. This in turn guarantees that, if work->data * points to pwq which is associated with a locked pool, the work * item is currently queued on that pool. */ pwq = get_work_pwq(work); if (pwq && pwq->pool == pool) { debug_work_deactivate(work); /* * A delayed work item cannot be grabbed directly because * it might have linked NO_COLOR work items which, if left * on the delayed_list, will confuse pwq->nr_active * management later on and cause stall. Make sure the work * item is activated before grabbing. */ if (*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED) pwq_activate_delayed_work(work); list_del_init(&work->entry); pwq_dec_nr_in_flight(pwq, get_work_color(work)); /* work->data points to pwq iff queued, point to pool */ set_work_pool_and_keep_pending(work, pool->id); raw_spin_unlock(&pool->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); return 1; } raw_spin_unlock(&pool->lock); fail: rcu_read_unlock(); local_irq_restore(*flags); if (work_is_canceling(work)) return -ENOENT; cpu_relax(); return -EAGAIN; } /** * insert_work - insert a work into a pool * @pwq: pwq @work belongs to * @work: work to insert * @head: insertion point * @extra_flags: extra WORK_STRUCT_* flags to set * * Insert @work which belongs to @pwq after @head. @extra_flags is or'd to * work_struct flags. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void insert_work(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, struct work_struct *work, struct list_head *head, unsigned int extra_flags) { struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; /* we own @work, set data and link */ set_work_pwq(work, pwq, extra_flags); list_add_tail(&work->entry, head); get_pwq(pwq); /* * Ensure either wq_worker_sleeping() sees the above * list_add_tail() or we see zero nr_running to avoid workers lying * around lazily while there are works to be processed. */ smp_mb(); if (__need_more_worker(pool)) wake_up_worker(pool); } /* * Test whether @work is being queued from another work executing on the * same workqueue. */ static bool is_chained_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct worker *worker; worker = current_wq_worker(); /* * Return %true iff I'm a worker executing a work item on @wq. If * I'm @worker, it's safe to dereference it without locking. */ return worker && worker->current_pwq->wq == wq; } /* * When queueing an unbound work item to a wq, prefer local CPU if allowed * by wq_unbound_cpumask. Otherwise, round robin among the allowed ones to * avoid perturbing sensitive tasks. */ static int wq_select_unbound_cpu(int cpu) { static bool printed_dbg_warning; int new_cpu; if (likely(!wq_debug_force_rr_cpu)) { if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, wq_unbound_cpumask)) return cpu; } else if (!printed_dbg_warning) { pr_warn("workqueue: round-robin CPU selection forced, expect performance impact\n"); printed_dbg_warning = true; } if (cpumask_empty(wq_unbound_cpumask)) return cpu; new_cpu = __this_cpu_read(wq_rr_cpu_last); new_cpu = cpumask_next_and(new_cpu, wq_unbound_cpumask, cpu_online_mask); if (unlikely(new_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids)) { new_cpu = cpumask_first_and(wq_unbound_cpumask, cpu_online_mask); if (unlikely(new_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids)) return cpu; } __this_cpu_write(wq_rr_cpu_last, new_cpu); return new_cpu; } static void __queue_work(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; struct worker_pool *last_pool; struct list_head *worklist; unsigned int work_flags; unsigned int req_cpu = cpu; /* * While a work item is PENDING && off queue, a task trying to * steal the PENDING will busy-loop waiting for it to either get * queued or lose PENDING. Grabbing PENDING and queueing should * happen with IRQ disabled. */ lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); /* if draining, only works from the same workqueue are allowed */ if (unlikely(wq->flags & __WQ_DRAINING) && WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_chained_work(wq))) return; rcu_read_lock(); retry: /* pwq which will be used unless @work is executing elsewhere */ if (wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { if (req_cpu == WORK_CPU_UNBOUND) cpu = wq_select_unbound_cpu(raw_smp_processor_id()); pwq = unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, cpu_to_node(cpu)); } else { if (req_cpu == WORK_CPU_UNBOUND) cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); pwq = per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_pwqs, cpu); } /* * If @work was previously on a different pool, it might still be * running there, in which case the work needs to be queued on that * pool to guarantee non-reentrancy. */ last_pool = get_work_pool(work); if (last_pool && last_pool != pwq->pool) { struct worker *worker; raw_spin_lock(&last_pool->lock); worker = find_worker_executing_work(last_pool, work); if (worker && worker->current_pwq->wq == wq) { pwq = worker->current_pwq; } else { /* meh... not running there, queue here */ raw_spin_unlock(&last_pool->lock); raw_spin_lock(&pwq->pool->lock); } } else { raw_spin_lock(&pwq->pool->lock); } /* * pwq is determined and locked. For unbound pools, we could have * raced with pwq release and it could already be dead. If its * refcnt is zero, repeat pwq selection. Note that pwqs never die * without another pwq replacing it in the numa_pwq_tbl or while * work items are executing on it, so the retrying is guaranteed to * make forward-progress. */ if (unlikely(!pwq->refcnt)) { if (wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { raw_spin_unlock(&pwq->pool->lock); cpu_relax(); goto retry; } /* oops */ WARN_ONCE(true, "workqueue: per-cpu pwq for %s on cpu%d has 0 refcnt", wq->name, cpu); } /* pwq determined, queue */ trace_workqueue_queue_work(req_cpu, pwq, work); if (WARN_ON(!list_empty(&work->entry))) goto out; pwq->nr_in_flight[pwq->work_color]++; work_flags = work_color_to_flags(pwq->work_color); if (likely(pwq->nr_active < pwq->max_active)) { trace_workqueue_activate_work(work); pwq->nr_active++; worklist = &pwq->pool->worklist; if (list_empty(worklist)) pwq->pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; } else { work_flags |= WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED; worklist = &pwq->delayed_works; } debug_work_activate(work); insert_work(pwq, work, worklist, work_flags); out: raw_spin_unlock(&pwq->pool->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * queue_work_on - queue work on specific cpu * @cpu: CPU number to execute work on * @wq: workqueue to use * @work: work to queue * * We queue the work to a specific CPU, the caller must ensure it * can't go away. * * Return: %false if @work was already on a queue, %true otherwise. */ bool queue_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work) { bool ret = false; unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { __queue_work(cpu, wq, work); ret = true; } local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(queue_work_on); /** * workqueue_select_cpu_near - Select a CPU based on NUMA node * @node: NUMA node ID that we want to select a CPU from * * This function will attempt to find a "random" cpu available on a given * node. If there are no CPUs available on the given node it will return * WORK_CPU_UNBOUND indicating that we should just schedule to any * available CPU if we need to schedule this work. */ static int workqueue_select_cpu_near(int node) { int cpu; /* No point in doing this if NUMA isn't enabled for workqueues */ if (!wq_numa_enabled) return WORK_CPU_UNBOUND; /* Delay binding to CPU if node is not valid or online */ if (node < 0 || node >= MAX_NUMNODES || !node_online(node)) return WORK_CPU_UNBOUND; /* Use local node/cpu if we are already there */ cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); if (node == cpu_to_node(cpu)) return cpu; /* Use "random" otherwise know as "first" online CPU of node */ cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpumask_of_node(node), cpu_online_mask); /* If CPU is valid return that, otherwise just defer */ return cpu < nr_cpu_ids ? cpu : WORK_CPU_UNBOUND; } /** * queue_work_node - queue work on a "random" cpu for a given NUMA node * @node: NUMA node that we are targeting the work for * @wq: workqueue to use * @work: work to queue * * We queue the work to a "random" CPU within a given NUMA node. The basic * idea here is to provide a way to somehow associate work with a given * NUMA node. * * This function will only make a best effort attempt at getting this onto * the right NUMA node. If no node is requested or the requested node is * offline then we just fall back to standard queue_work behavior. * * Currently the "random" CPU ends up being the first available CPU in the * intersection of cpu_online_mask and the cpumask of the node, unless we * are running on the node. In that case we just use the current CPU. * * Return: %false if @work was already on a queue, %true otherwise. */ bool queue_work_node(int node, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work) { unsigned long flags; bool ret = false; /* * This current implementation is specific to unbound workqueues. * Specifically we only return the first available CPU for a given * node instead of cycling through individual CPUs within the node. * * If this is used with a per-cpu workqueue then the logic in * workqueue_select_cpu_near would need to be updated to allow for * some round robin type logic. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)); local_irq_save(flags); if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { int cpu = workqueue_select_cpu_near(node); __queue_work(cpu, wq, work); ret = true; } local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(queue_work_node); void delayed_work_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t) { struct delayed_work *dwork = from_timer(dwork, t, timer); /* should have been called from irqsafe timer with irq already off */ __queue_work(dwork->cpu, dwork->wq, &dwork->work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(delayed_work_timer_fn); static void __queue_delayed_work(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { struct timer_list *timer = &dwork->timer; struct work_struct *work = &dwork->work; WARN_ON_ONCE(!wq); WARN_ON_ONCE(timer->function != delayed_work_timer_fn); WARN_ON_ONCE(timer_pending(timer)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&work->entry)); /* * If @delay is 0, queue @dwork->work immediately. This is for * both optimization and correctness. The earliest @timer can * expire is on the closest next tick and delayed_work users depend * on that there's no such delay when @delay is 0. */ if (!delay) { __queue_work(cpu, wq, &dwork->work); return; } dwork->wq = wq; dwork->cpu = cpu; timer->expires = jiffies + delay; if (unlikely(cpu != WORK_CPU_UNBOUND)) add_timer_on(timer, cpu); else add_timer(timer); } /** * queue_delayed_work_on - queue work on specific CPU after delay * @cpu: CPU number to execute work on * @wq: workqueue to use * @dwork: work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queueing * * Return: %false if @work was already on a queue, %true otherwise. If * @delay is zero and @dwork is idle, it will be scheduled for immediate * execution. */ bool queue_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { struct work_struct *work = &dwork->work; bool ret = false; unsigned long flags; /* read the comment in __queue_work() */ local_irq_save(flags); if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { __queue_delayed_work(cpu, wq, dwork, delay); ret = true; } local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(queue_delayed_work_on); /** * mod_delayed_work_on - modify delay of or queue a delayed work on specific CPU * @cpu: CPU number to execute work on * @wq: workqueue to use * @dwork: work to queue * @delay: number of jiffies to wait before queueing * * If @dwork is idle, equivalent to queue_delayed_work_on(); otherwise, * modify @dwork's timer so that it expires after @delay. If @delay is * zero, @work is guaranteed to be scheduled immediately regardless of its * current state. * * Return: %false if @dwork was idle and queued, %true if @dwork was * pending and its timer was modified. * * This function is safe to call from any context including IRQ handler. * See try_to_grab_pending() for details. */ bool mod_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { unsigned long flags; int ret; do { ret = try_to_grab_pending(&dwork->work, true, &flags); } while (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)); if (likely(ret >= 0)) { __queue_delayed_work(cpu, wq, dwork, delay); local_irq_restore(flags); } /* -ENOENT from try_to_grab_pending() becomes %true */ return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mod_delayed_work_on); static void rcu_work_rcufn(struct rcu_head *rcu) { struct rcu_work *rwork = container_of(rcu, struct rcu_work, rcu); /* read the comment in __queue_work() */ local_irq_disable(); __queue_work(WORK_CPU_UNBOUND, rwork->wq, &rwork->work); local_irq_enable(); } /** * queue_rcu_work - queue work after a RCU grace period * @wq: workqueue to use * @rwork: work to queue * * Return: %false if @rwork was already pending, %true otherwise. Note * that a full RCU grace period is guaranteed only after a %true return. * While @rwork is guaranteed to be executed after a %false return, the * execution may happen before a full RCU grace period has passed. */ bool queue_rcu_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct rcu_work *rwork) { struct work_struct *work = &rwork->work; if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(work))) { rwork->wq = wq; call_rcu(&rwork->rcu, rcu_work_rcufn); return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(queue_rcu_work); /** * worker_enter_idle - enter idle state * @worker: worker which is entering idle state * * @worker is entering idle state. Update stats and idle timer if * necessary. * * LOCKING: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void worker_enter_idle(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(worker->flags & WORKER_IDLE) || WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&worker->entry) && (worker->hentry.next || worker->hentry.pprev))) return; /* can't use worker_set_flags(), also called from create_worker() */ worker->flags |= WORKER_IDLE; pool->nr_idle++; worker->last_active = jiffies; /* idle_list is LIFO */ list_add(&worker->entry, &pool->idle_list); if (too_many_workers(pool) && !timer_pending(&pool->idle_timer)) mod_timer(&pool->idle_timer, jiffies + IDLE_WORKER_TIMEOUT); /* * Sanity check nr_running. Because unbind_workers() releases * pool->lock between setting %WORKER_UNBOUND and zapping * nr_running, the warning may trigger spuriously. Check iff * unbind is not in progress. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(pool->flags & POOL_DISASSOCIATED) && pool->nr_workers == pool->nr_idle && atomic_read(&pool->nr_running)); } /** * worker_leave_idle - leave idle state * @worker: worker which is leaving idle state * * @worker is leaving idle state. Update stats. * * LOCKING: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void worker_leave_idle(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(worker->flags & WORKER_IDLE))) return; worker_clr_flags(worker, WORKER_IDLE); pool->nr_idle--; list_del_init(&worker->entry); } static struct worker *alloc_worker(int node) { struct worker *worker; worker = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*worker), GFP_KERNEL, node); if (worker) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->entry); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->scheduled); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&worker->node); /* on creation a worker is in !idle && prep state */ worker->flags = WORKER_PREP; } return worker; } /** * worker_attach_to_pool() - attach a worker to a pool * @worker: worker to be attached * @pool: the target pool * * Attach @worker to @pool. Once attached, the %WORKER_UNBOUND flag and * cpu-binding of @worker are kept coordinated with the pool across * cpu-[un]hotplugs. */ static void worker_attach_to_pool(struct worker *worker, struct worker_pool *pool) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* * The wq_pool_attach_mutex ensures %POOL_DISASSOCIATED remains * stable across this function. See the comments above the flag * definition for details. */ if (pool->flags & POOL_DISASSOCIATED) worker->flags |= WORKER_UNBOUND; if (worker->rescue_wq) set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, pool->attrs->cpumask); list_add_tail(&worker->node, &pool->workers); worker->pool = pool; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } /** * worker_detach_from_pool() - detach a worker from its pool * @worker: worker which is attached to its pool * * Undo the attaching which had been done in worker_attach_to_pool(). The * caller worker shouldn't access to the pool after detached except it has * other reference to the pool. */ static void worker_detach_from_pool(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; struct completion *detach_completion = NULL; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); list_del(&worker->node); worker->pool = NULL; if (list_empty(&pool->workers)) detach_completion = pool->detach_completion; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* clear leftover flags without pool->lock after it is detached */ worker->flags &= ~(WORKER_UNBOUND | WORKER_REBOUND); if (detach_completion) complete(detach_completion); } /** * create_worker - create a new workqueue worker * @pool: pool the new worker will belong to * * Create and start a new worker which is attached to @pool. * * CONTEXT: * Might sleep. Does GFP_KERNEL allocations. * * Return: * Pointer to the newly created worker. */ static struct worker *create_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) { struct worker *worker = NULL; int id = -1; char id_buf[16]; /* ID is needed to determine kthread name */ id = ida_simple_get(&pool->worker_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (id < 0) goto fail; worker = alloc_worker(pool->node); if (!worker) goto fail; worker->id = id; if (pool->cpu >= 0) snprintf(id_buf, sizeof(id_buf), "%d:%d%s", pool->cpu, id, pool->attrs->nice < 0 ? "H" : ""); else snprintf(id_buf, sizeof(id_buf), "u%d:%d", pool->id, id); worker->task = kthread_create_on_node(worker_thread, worker, pool->node, "kworker/%s", id_buf); if (IS_ERR(worker->task)) goto fail; set_user_nice(worker->task, pool->attrs->nice); kthread_bind_mask(worker->task, pool->attrs->cpumask); /* successful, attach the worker to the pool */ worker_attach_to_pool(worker, pool); /* start the newly created worker */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); worker->pool->nr_workers++; worker_enter_idle(worker); wake_up_process(worker->task); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); return worker; fail: if (id >= 0) ida_simple_remove(&pool->worker_ida, id); kfree(worker); return NULL; } /** * destroy_worker - destroy a workqueue worker * @worker: worker to be destroyed * * Destroy @worker and adjust @pool stats accordingly. The worker should * be idle. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void destroy_worker(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; lockdep_assert_held(&pool->lock); /* sanity check frenzy */ if (WARN_ON(worker->current_work) || WARN_ON(!list_empty(&worker->scheduled)) || WARN_ON(!(worker->flags & WORKER_IDLE))) return; pool->nr_workers--; pool->nr_idle--; list_del_init(&worker->entry); worker->flags |= WORKER_DIE; wake_up_process(worker->task); } static void idle_worker_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { struct worker_pool *pool = from_timer(pool, t, idle_timer); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); while (too_many_workers(pool)) { struct worker *worker; unsigned long expires; /* idle_list is kept in LIFO order, check the last one */ worker = list_entry(pool->idle_list.prev, struct worker, entry); expires = worker->last_active + IDLE_WORKER_TIMEOUT; if (time_before(jiffies, expires)) { mod_timer(&pool->idle_timer, expires); break; } destroy_worker(worker); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } static void send_mayday(struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = get_work_pwq(work); struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_mayday_lock); if (!wq->rescuer) return; /* mayday mayday mayday */ if (list_empty(&pwq->mayday_node)) { /* * If @pwq is for an unbound wq, its base ref may be put at * any time due to an attribute change. Pin @pwq until the * rescuer is done with it. */ get_pwq(pwq); list_add_tail(&pwq->mayday_node, &wq->maydays); wake_up_process(wq->rescuer->task); } } static void pool_mayday_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { struct worker_pool *pool = from_timer(pool, t, mayday_timer); struct work_struct *work; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); raw_spin_lock(&wq_mayday_lock); /* for wq->maydays */ if (need_to_create_worker(pool)) { /* * We've been trying to create a new worker but * haven't been successful. We might be hitting an * allocation deadlock. Send distress signals to * rescuers. */ list_for_each_entry(work, &pool->worklist, entry) send_mayday(work); } raw_spin_unlock(&wq_mayday_lock); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); mod_timer(&pool->mayday_timer, jiffies + MAYDAY_INTERVAL); } /** * maybe_create_worker - create a new worker if necessary * @pool: pool to create a new worker for * * Create a new worker for @pool if necessary. @pool is guaranteed to * have at least one idle worker on return from this function. If * creating a new worker takes longer than MAYDAY_INTERVAL, mayday is * sent to all rescuers with works scheduled on @pool to resolve * possible allocation deadlock. * * On return, need_to_create_worker() is guaranteed to be %false and * may_start_working() %true. * * LOCKING: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which may be released and regrabbed * multiple times. Does GFP_KERNEL allocations. Called only from * manager. */ static void maybe_create_worker(struct worker_pool *pool) __releases(&pool->lock) __acquires(&pool->lock) { restart: raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); /* if we don't make progress in MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT, call for help */ mod_timer(&pool->mayday_timer, jiffies + MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT); while (true) { if (create_worker(pool) || !need_to_create_worker(pool)) break; schedule_timeout_interruptible(CREATE_COOLDOWN); if (!need_to_create_worker(pool)) break; } del_timer_sync(&pool->mayday_timer); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * This is necessary even after a new worker was just successfully * created as @pool->lock was dropped and the new worker might have * already become busy. */ if (need_to_create_worker(pool)) goto restart; } /** * manage_workers - manage worker pool * @worker: self * * Assume the manager role and manage the worker pool @worker belongs * to. At any given time, there can be only zero or one manager per * pool. The exclusion is handled automatically by this function. * * The caller can safely start processing works on false return. On * true return, it's guaranteed that need_to_create_worker() is false * and may_start_working() is true. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which may be released and regrabbed * multiple times. Does GFP_KERNEL allocations. * * Return: * %false if the pool doesn't need management and the caller can safely * start processing works, %true if management function was performed and * the conditions that the caller verified before calling the function may * no longer be true. */ static bool manage_workers(struct worker *worker) { struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (pool->flags & POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE) return false; pool->flags |= POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; pool->manager = worker; maybe_create_worker(pool); pool->manager = NULL; pool->flags &= ~POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; rcuwait_wake_up(&manager_wait); return true; } /** * process_one_work - process single work * @worker: self * @work: work to process * * Process @work. This function contains all the logics necessary to * process a single work including synchronization against and * interaction with other workers on the same cpu, queueing and * flushing. As long as context requirement is met, any worker can * call this function to process a work. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which is released and regrabbed. */ static void process_one_work(struct worker *worker, struct work_struct *work) __releases(&pool->lock) __acquires(&pool->lock) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = get_work_pwq(work); struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; bool cpu_intensive = pwq->wq->flags & WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE; int work_color; struct worker *collision; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP /* * It is permissible to free the struct work_struct from * inside the function that is called from it, this we need to * take into account for lockdep too. To avoid bogus "held * lock freed" warnings as well as problems when looking into * work->lockdep_map, make a copy and use that here. */ struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; lockdep_copy_map(&lockdep_map, &work->lockdep_map); #endif /* ensure we're on the correct CPU */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(pool->flags & POOL_DISASSOCIATED) && raw_smp_processor_id() != pool->cpu); /* * A single work shouldn't be executed concurrently by * multiple workers on a single cpu. Check whether anyone is * already processing the work. If so, defer the work to the * currently executing one. */ collision = find_worker_executing_work(pool, work); if (unlikely(collision)) { move_linked_works(work, &collision->scheduled, NULL); return; } /* claim and dequeue */ debug_work_deactivate(work); hash_add(pool->busy_hash, &worker->hentry, (unsigned long)work); worker->current_work = work; worker->current_func = work->func; worker->current_pwq = pwq; work_color = get_work_color(work); /* * Record wq name for cmdline and debug reporting, may get * overridden through set_worker_desc(). */ strscpy(worker->desc, pwq->wq->name, WORKER_DESC_LEN); list_del_init(&work->entry); /* * CPU intensive works don't participate in concurrency management. * They're the scheduler's responsibility. This takes @worker out * of concurrency management and the next code block will chain * execution of the pending work items. */ if (unlikely(cpu_intensive)) worker_set_flags(worker, WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE); /* * Wake up another worker if necessary. The condition is always * false for normal per-cpu workers since nr_running would always * be >= 1 at this point. This is used to chain execution of the * pending work items for WORKER_NOT_RUNNING workers such as the * UNBOUND and CPU_INTENSIVE ones. */ if (need_more_worker(pool)) wake_up_worker(pool); /* * Record the last pool and clear PENDING which should be the last * update to @work. Also, do this inside @pool->lock so that * PENDING and queued state changes happen together while IRQ is * disabled. */ set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(work, pool->id); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); lock_map_acquire(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); lock_map_acquire(&lockdep_map); /* * Strictly speaking we should mark the invariant state without holding * any locks, that is, before these two lock_map_acquire()'s. * * However, that would result in: * * A(W1) * WFC(C) * A(W1) * C(C) * * Which would create W1->C->W1 dependencies, even though there is no * actual deadlock possible. There are two solutions, using a * read-recursive acquire on the work(queue) 'locks', but this will then * hit the lockdep limitation on recursive locks, or simply discard * these locks. * * AFAICT there is no possible deadlock scenario between the * flush_work() and complete() primitives (except for single-threaded * workqueues), so hiding them isn't a problem. */ lockdep_invariant_state(true); trace_workqueue_execute_start(work); worker->current_func(work); /* * While we must be careful to not use "work" after this, the trace * point will only record its address. */ trace_workqueue_execute_end(work, worker->current_func); lock_map_release(&lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); if (unlikely(in_atomic() || lockdep_depth(current) > 0)) { pr_err("BUG: workqueue leaked lock or atomic: %s/0x%08x/%d\n" " last function: %ps\n", current->comm, preempt_count(), task_pid_nr(current), worker->current_func); debug_show_held_locks(current); dump_stack(); } /* * The following prevents a kworker from hogging CPU on !PREEMPTION * kernels, where a requeueing work item waiting for something to * happen could deadlock with stop_machine as such work item could * indefinitely requeue itself while all other CPUs are trapped in * stop_machine. At the same time, report a quiescent RCU state so * the same condition doesn't freeze RCU. */ cond_resched(); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* clear cpu intensive status */ if (unlikely(cpu_intensive)) worker_clr_flags(worker, WORKER_CPU_INTENSIVE); /* tag the worker for identification in schedule() */ worker->last_func = worker->current_func; /* we're done with it, release */ hash_del(&worker->hentry); worker->current_work = NULL; worker->current_func = NULL; worker->current_pwq = NULL; pwq_dec_nr_in_flight(pwq, work_color); } /** * process_scheduled_works - process scheduled works * @worker: self * * Process all scheduled works. Please note that the scheduled list * may change while processing a work, so this function repeatedly * fetches a work from the top and executes it. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock) which may be released and regrabbed * multiple times. */ static void process_scheduled_works(struct worker *worker) { while (!list_empty(&worker->scheduled)) { struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&worker->scheduled, struct work_struct, entry); process_one_work(worker, work); } } static void set_pf_worker(bool val) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (val) current->flags |= PF_WQ_WORKER; else current->flags &= ~PF_WQ_WORKER; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } /** * worker_thread - the worker thread function * @__worker: self * * The worker thread function. All workers belong to a worker_pool - * either a per-cpu one or dynamic unbound one. These workers process all * work items regardless of their specific target workqueue. The only * exception is work items which belong to workqueues with a rescuer which * will be explained in rescuer_thread(). * * Return: 0 */ static int worker_thread(void *__worker) { struct worker *worker = __worker; struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; /* tell the scheduler that this is a workqueue worker */ set_pf_worker(true); woke_up: raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* am I supposed to die? */ if (unlikely(worker->flags & WORKER_DIE)) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&worker->entry)); set_pf_worker(false); set_task_comm(worker->task, "kworker/dying"); ida_simple_remove(&pool->worker_ida, worker->id); worker_detach_from_pool(worker); kfree(worker); return 0; } worker_leave_idle(worker); recheck: /* no more worker necessary? */ if (!need_more_worker(pool)) goto sleep; /* do we need to manage? */ if (unlikely(!may_start_working(pool)) && manage_workers(worker)) goto recheck; /* * ->scheduled list can only be filled while a worker is * preparing to process a work or actually processing it. * Make sure nobody diddled with it while I was sleeping. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&worker->scheduled)); /* * Finish PREP stage. We're guaranteed to have at least one idle * worker or that someone else has already assumed the manager * role. This is where @worker starts participating in concurrency * management if applicable and concurrency management is restored * after being rebound. See rebind_workers() for details. */ worker_clr_flags(worker, WORKER_PREP | WORKER_REBOUND); do { struct work_struct *work = list_first_entry(&pool->worklist, struct work_struct, entry); pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; if (likely(!(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED))) { /* optimization path, not strictly necessary */ process_one_work(worker, work); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&worker->scheduled))) process_scheduled_works(worker); } else { move_linked_works(work, &worker->scheduled, NULL); process_scheduled_works(worker); } } while (keep_working(pool)); worker_set_flags(worker, WORKER_PREP); sleep: /* * pool->lock is held and there's no work to process and no need to * manage, sleep. Workers are woken up only while holding * pool->lock or from local cpu, so setting the current state * before releasing pool->lock is enough to prevent losing any * event. */ worker_enter_idle(worker); __set_current_state(TASK_IDLE); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); schedule(); goto woke_up; } /** * rescuer_thread - the rescuer thread function * @__rescuer: self * * Workqueue rescuer thread function. There's one rescuer for each * workqueue which has WQ_MEM_RECLAIM set. * * Regular work processing on a pool may block trying to create a new * worker which uses GFP_KERNEL allocation which has slight chance of * developing into deadlock if some works currently on the same queue * need to be processed to satisfy the GFP_KERNEL allocation. This is * the problem rescuer solves. * * When such condition is possible, the pool summons rescuers of all * workqueues which have works queued on the pool and let them process * those works so that forward progress can be guaranteed. * * This should happen rarely. * * Return: 0 */ static int rescuer_thread(void *__rescuer) { struct worker *rescuer = __rescuer; struct workqueue_struct *wq = rescuer->rescue_wq; struct list_head *scheduled = &rescuer->scheduled; bool should_stop; set_user_nice(current, RESCUER_NICE_LEVEL); /* * Mark rescuer as worker too. As WORKER_PREP is never cleared, it * doesn't participate in concurrency management. */ set_pf_worker(true); repeat: set_current_state(TASK_IDLE); /* * By the time the rescuer is requested to stop, the workqueue * shouldn't have any work pending, but @wq->maydays may still have * pwq(s) queued. This can happen by non-rescuer workers consuming * all the work items before the rescuer got to them. Go through * @wq->maydays processing before acting on should_stop so that the * list is always empty on exit. */ should_stop = kthread_should_stop(); /* see whether any pwq is asking for help */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); while (!list_empty(&wq->maydays)) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = list_first_entry(&wq->maydays, struct pool_workqueue, mayday_node); struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; struct work_struct *work, *n; bool first = true; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); list_del_init(&pwq->mayday_node); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); worker_attach_to_pool(rescuer, pool); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * Slurp in all works issued via this workqueue and * process'em. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(scheduled)); list_for_each_entry_safe(work, n, &pool->worklist, entry) { if (get_work_pwq(work) == pwq) { if (first) pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; move_linked_works(work, scheduled, &n); } first = false; } if (!list_empty(scheduled)) { process_scheduled_works(rescuer); /* * The above execution of rescued work items could * have created more to rescue through * pwq_activate_first_delayed() or chained * queueing. Let's put @pwq back on mayday list so * that such back-to-back work items, which may be * being used to relieve memory pressure, don't * incur MAYDAY_INTERVAL delay inbetween. */ if (pwq->nr_active && need_to_create_worker(pool)) { raw_spin_lock(&wq_mayday_lock); /* * Queue iff we aren't racing destruction * and somebody else hasn't queued it already. */ if (wq->rescuer && list_empty(&pwq->mayday_node)) { get_pwq(pwq); list_add_tail(&pwq->mayday_node, &wq->maydays); } raw_spin_unlock(&wq_mayday_lock); } } /* * Put the reference grabbed by send_mayday(). @pool won't * go away while we're still attached to it. */ put_pwq(pwq); /* * Leave this pool. If need_more_worker() is %true, notify a * regular worker; otherwise, we end up with 0 concurrency * and stalling the execution. */ if (need_more_worker(pool)) wake_up_worker(pool); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); worker_detach_from_pool(rescuer); raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); if (should_stop) { __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); set_pf_worker(false); return 0; } /* rescuers should never participate in concurrency management */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(rescuer->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)); schedule(); goto repeat; } /** * check_flush_dependency - check for flush dependency sanity * @target_wq: workqueue being flushed * @target_work: work item being flushed (NULL for workqueue flushes) * * %current is trying to flush the whole @target_wq or @target_work on it. * If @target_wq doesn't have %WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, verify that %current is not * reclaiming memory or running on a workqueue which doesn't have * %WQ_MEM_RECLAIM as that can break forward-progress guarantee leading to * a deadlock. */ static void check_flush_dependency(struct workqueue_struct *target_wq, struct work_struct *target_work) { work_func_t target_func = target_work ? target_work->func : NULL; struct worker *worker; if (target_wq->flags & WQ_MEM_RECLAIM) return; worker = current_wq_worker(); WARN_ONCE(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC, "workqueue: PF_MEMALLOC task %d(%s) is flushing !WQ_MEM_RECLAIM %s:%ps", current->pid, current->comm, target_wq->name, target_func); WARN_ONCE(worker && ((worker->current_pwq->wq->flags & (WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | __WQ_LEGACY)) == WQ_MEM_RECLAIM), "workqueue: WQ_MEM_RECLAIM %s:%ps is flushing !WQ_MEM_RECLAIM %s:%ps", worker->current_pwq->wq->name, worker->current_func, target_wq->name, target_func); } struct wq_barrier { struct work_struct work; struct completion done; struct task_struct *task; /* purely informational */ }; static void wq_barrier_func(struct work_struct *work) { struct wq_barrier *barr = container_of(work, struct wq_barrier, work); complete(&barr->done); } /** * insert_wq_barrier - insert a barrier work * @pwq: pwq to insert barrier into * @barr: wq_barrier to insert * @target: target work to attach @barr to * @worker: worker currently executing @target, NULL if @target is not executing * * @barr is linked to @target such that @barr is completed only after * @target finishes execution. Please note that the ordering * guarantee is observed only with respect to @target and on the local * cpu. * * Currently, a queued barrier can't be canceled. This is because * try_to_grab_pending() can't determine whether the work to be * grabbed is at the head of the queue and thus can't clear LINKED * flag of the previous work while there must be a valid next work * after a work with LINKED flag set. * * Note that when @worker is non-NULL, @target may be modified * underneath us, so we can't reliably determine pwq from @target. * * CONTEXT: * raw_spin_lock_irq(pool->lock). */ static void insert_wq_barrier(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, struct wq_barrier *barr, struct work_struct *target, struct worker *worker) { struct list_head *head; unsigned int linked = 0; /* * debugobject calls are safe here even with pool->lock locked * as we know for sure that this will not trigger any of the * checks and call back into the fixup functions where we * might deadlock. */ INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&barr->work, wq_barrier_func); __set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(&barr->work)); init_completion_map(&barr->done, &target->lockdep_map); barr->task = current; /* * If @target is currently being executed, schedule the * barrier to the worker; otherwise, put it after @target. */ if (worker) head = worker->scheduled.next; else { unsigned long *bits = work_data_bits(target); head = target->entry.next; /* there can already be other linked works, inherit and set */ linked = *bits & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED; __set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_LINKED_BIT, bits); } debug_work_activate(&barr->work); insert_work(pwq, &barr->work, head, work_color_to_flags(WORK_NO_COLOR) | linked); } /** * flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs - prepare pwqs for workqueue flushing * @wq: workqueue being flushed * @flush_color: new flush color, < 0 for no-op * @work_color: new work color, < 0 for no-op * * Prepare pwqs for workqueue flushing. * * If @flush_color is non-negative, flush_color on all pwqs should be * -1. If no pwq has in-flight commands at the specified color, all * pwq->flush_color's stay at -1 and %false is returned. If any pwq * has in flight commands, its pwq->flush_color is set to * @flush_color, @wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush is updated accordingly, pwq * wakeup logic is armed and %true is returned. * * The caller should have initialized @wq->first_flusher prior to * calling this function with non-negative @flush_color. If * @flush_color is negative, no flush color update is done and %false * is returned. * * If @work_color is non-negative, all pwqs should have the same * work_color which is previous to @work_color and all will be * advanced to @work_color. * * CONTEXT: * mutex_lock(wq->mutex). * * Return: * %true if @flush_color >= 0 and there's something to flush. %false * otherwise. */ static bool flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int flush_color, int work_color) { bool wait = false; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; if (flush_color >= 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush)); atomic_set(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush, 1); } for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); if (flush_color >= 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(pwq->flush_color != -1); if (pwq->nr_in_flight[flush_color]) { pwq->flush_color = flush_color; atomic_inc(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush); wait = true; } } if (work_color >= 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(work_color != work_next_color(pwq->work_color)); pwq->work_color = work_color; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } if (flush_color >= 0 && atomic_dec_and_test(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush)) complete(&wq->first_flusher->done); return wait; } /** * flush_workqueue - ensure that any scheduled work has run to completion. * @wq: workqueue to flush * * This function sleeps until all work items which were queued on entry * have finished execution, but it is not livelocked by new incoming ones. */ void flush_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct wq_flusher this_flusher = { .list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(this_flusher.list), .flush_color = -1, .done = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(this_flusher.done, wq->lockdep_map), }; int next_color; if (WARN_ON(!wq_online)) return; lock_map_acquire(&wq->lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&wq->lockdep_map); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); /* * Start-to-wait phase */ next_color = work_next_color(wq->work_color); if (next_color != wq->flush_color) { /* * Color space is not full. The current work_color * becomes our flush_color and work_color is advanced * by one. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&wq->flusher_overflow)); this_flusher.flush_color = wq->work_color; wq->work_color = next_color; if (!wq->first_flusher) { /* no flush in progress, become the first flusher */ WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != this_flusher.flush_color); wq->first_flusher = &this_flusher; if (!flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, wq->flush_color, wq->work_color)) { /* nothing to flush, done */ wq->flush_color = next_color; wq->first_flusher = NULL; goto out_unlock; } } else { /* wait in queue */ WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color == this_flusher.flush_color); list_add_tail(&this_flusher.list, &wq->flusher_queue); flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, -1, wq->work_color); } } else { /* * Oops, color space is full, wait on overflow queue. * The next flush completion will assign us * flush_color and transfer to flusher_queue. */ list_add_tail(&this_flusher.list, &wq->flusher_overflow); } check_flush_dependency(wq, NULL); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); wait_for_completion(&this_flusher.done); /* * Wake-up-and-cascade phase * * First flushers are responsible for cascading flushes and * handling overflow. Non-first flushers can simply return. */ if (READ_ONCE(wq->first_flusher) != &this_flusher) return; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); /* we might have raced, check again with mutex held */ if (wq->first_flusher != &this_flusher) goto out_unlock; WRITE_ONCE(wq->first_flusher, NULL); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&this_flusher.list)); WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != this_flusher.flush_color); while (true) { struct wq_flusher *next, *tmp; /* complete all the flushers sharing the current flush color */ list_for_each_entry_safe(next, tmp, &wq->flusher_queue, list) { if (next->flush_color != wq->flush_color) break; list_del_init(&next->list); complete(&next->done); } WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&wq->flusher_overflow) && wq->flush_color != work_next_color(wq->work_color)); /* this flush_color is finished, advance by one */ wq->flush_color = work_next_color(wq->flush_color); /* one color has been freed, handle overflow queue */ if (!list_empty(&wq->flusher_overflow)) { /* * Assign the same color to all overflowed * flushers, advance work_color and append to * flusher_queue. This is the start-to-wait * phase for these overflowed flushers. */ list_for_each_entry(tmp, &wq->flusher_overflow, list) tmp->flush_color = wq->work_color; wq->work_color = work_next_color(wq->work_color); list_splice_tail_init(&wq->flusher_overflow, &wq->flusher_queue); flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, -1, wq->work_color); } if (list_empty(&wq->flusher_queue)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != wq->work_color); break; } /* * Need to flush more colors. Make the next flusher * the new first flusher and arm pwqs. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color == wq->work_color); WARN_ON_ONCE(wq->flush_color != next->flush_color); list_del_init(&next->list); wq->first_flusher = next; if (flush_workqueue_prep_pwqs(wq, wq->flush_color, -1)) break; /* * Meh... this color is already done, clear first * flusher and repeat cascading. */ wq->first_flusher = NULL; } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_workqueue); /** * drain_workqueue - drain a workqueue * @wq: workqueue to drain * * Wait until the workqueue becomes empty. While draining is in progress, * only chain queueing is allowed. IOW, only currently pending or running * work items on @wq can queue further work items on it. @wq is flushed * repeatedly until it becomes empty. The number of flushing is determined * by the depth of chaining and should be relatively short. Whine if it * takes too long. */ void drain_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { unsigned int flush_cnt = 0; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; /* * __queue_work() needs to test whether there are drainers, is much * hotter than drain_workqueue() and already looks at @wq->flags. * Use __WQ_DRAINING so that queue doesn't have to check nr_drainers. */ mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); if (!wq->nr_drainers++) wq->flags |= __WQ_DRAINING; mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); reflush: flush_workqueue(wq); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { bool drained; raw_spin_lock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); drained = !pwq->nr_active && list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); if (drained) continue; if (++flush_cnt == 10 || (flush_cnt % 100 == 0 && flush_cnt <= 1000)) pr_warn("workqueue %s: drain_workqueue() isn't complete after %u tries\n", wq->name, flush_cnt); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); goto reflush; } if (!--wq->nr_drainers) wq->flags &= ~__WQ_DRAINING; mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(drain_workqueue); static bool start_flush_work(struct work_struct *work, struct wq_barrier *barr, bool from_cancel) { struct worker *worker = NULL; struct worker_pool *pool; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; might_sleep(); rcu_read_lock(); pool = get_work_pool(work); if (!pool) { rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* see the comment in try_to_grab_pending() with the same code */ pwq = get_work_pwq(work); if (pwq) { if (unlikely(pwq->pool != pool)) goto already_gone; } else { worker = find_worker_executing_work(pool, work); if (!worker) goto already_gone; pwq = worker->current_pwq; } check_flush_dependency(pwq->wq, work); insert_wq_barrier(pwq, barr, work, worker); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * Force a lock recursion deadlock when using flush_work() inside a * single-threaded or rescuer equipped workqueue. * * For single threaded workqueues the deadlock happens when the work * is after the work issuing the flush_work(). For rescuer equipped * workqueues the deadlock happens when the rescuer stalls, blocking * forward progress. */ if (!from_cancel && (pwq->wq->saved_max_active == 1 || pwq->wq->rescuer)) { lock_map_acquire(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&pwq->wq->lockdep_map); } rcu_read_unlock(); return true; already_gone: raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } static bool __flush_work(struct work_struct *work, bool from_cancel) { struct wq_barrier barr; if (WARN_ON(!wq_online)) return false; if (WARN_ON(!work->func)) return false; if (!from_cancel) { lock_map_acquire(&work->lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&work->lockdep_map); } if (start_flush_work(work, &barr, from_cancel)) { wait_for_completion(&barr.done); destroy_work_on_stack(&barr.work); return true; } else { return false; } } /** * flush_work - wait for a work to finish executing the last queueing instance * @work: the work to flush * * Wait until @work has finished execution. @work is guaranteed to be idle * on return if it hasn't been requeued since flush started. * * Return: * %true if flush_work() waited for the work to finish execution, * %false if it was already idle. */ bool flush_work(struct work_struct *work) { return __flush_work(work, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_work); struct cwt_wait { wait_queue_entry_t wait; struct work_struct *work; }; static int cwt_wakefn(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key) { struct cwt_wait *cwait = container_of(wait, struct cwt_wait, wait); if (cwait->work != key) return 0; return autoremove_wake_function(wait, mode, sync, key); } static bool __cancel_work_timer(struct work_struct *work, bool is_dwork) { static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(cancel_waitq); unsigned long flags; int ret; do { ret = try_to_grab_pending(work, is_dwork, &flags); /* * If someone else is already canceling, wait for it to * finish. flush_work() doesn't work for PREEMPT_NONE * because we may get scheduled between @work's completion * and the other canceling task resuming and clearing * CANCELING - flush_work() will return false immediately * as @work is no longer busy, try_to_grab_pending() will * return -ENOENT as @work is still being canceled and the * other canceling task won't be able to clear CANCELING as * we're hogging the CPU. * * Let's wait for completion using a waitqueue. As this * may lead to the thundering herd problem, use a custom * wake function which matches @work along with exclusive * wait and wakeup. */ if (unlikely(ret == -ENOENT)) { struct cwt_wait cwait; init_wait(&cwait.wait); cwait.wait.func = cwt_wakefn; cwait.work = work; prepare_to_wait_exclusive(&cancel_waitq, &cwait.wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); if (work_is_canceling(work)) schedule(); finish_wait(&cancel_waitq, &cwait.wait); } } while (unlikely(ret < 0)); /* tell other tasks trying to grab @work to back off */ mark_work_canceling(work); local_irq_restore(flags); /* * This allows canceling during early boot. We know that @work * isn't executing. */ if (wq_online) __flush_work(work, true); clear_work_data(work); /* * Paired with prepare_to_wait() above so that either * waitqueue_active() is visible here or !work_is_canceling() is * visible there. */ smp_mb(); if (waitqueue_active(&cancel_waitq)) __wake_up(&cancel_waitq, TASK_NORMAL, 1, work); return ret; } /** * cancel_work_sync - cancel a work and wait for it to finish * @work: the work to cancel * * Cancel @work and wait for its execution to finish. This function * can be used even if the work re-queues itself or migrates to * another workqueue. On return from this function, @work is * guaranteed to be not pending or executing on any CPU. * * cancel_work_sync(&delayed_work->work) must not be used for * delayed_work's. Use cancel_delayed_work_sync() instead. * * The caller must ensure that the workqueue on which @work was last * queued can't be destroyed before this function returns. * * Return: * %true if @work was pending, %false otherwise. */ bool cancel_work_sync(struct work_struct *work) { return __cancel_work_timer(work, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cancel_work_sync); /** * flush_delayed_work - wait for a dwork to finish executing the last queueing * @dwork: the delayed work to flush * * Delayed timer is cancelled and the pending work is queued for * immediate execution. Like flush_work(), this function only * considers the last queueing instance of @dwork. * * Return: * %true if flush_work() waited for the work to finish execution, * %false if it was already idle. */ bool flush_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork) { local_irq_disable(); if (del_timer_sync(&dwork->timer)) __queue_work(dwork->cpu, dwork->wq, &dwork->work); local_irq_enable(); return flush_work(&dwork->work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_delayed_work); /** * flush_rcu_work - wait for a rwork to finish executing the last queueing * @rwork: the rcu work to flush * * Return: * %true if flush_rcu_work() waited for the work to finish execution, * %false if it was already idle. */ bool flush_rcu_work(struct rcu_work *rwork) { if (test_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(&rwork->work))) { rcu_barrier(); flush_work(&rwork->work); return true; } else { return flush_work(&rwork->work); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_rcu_work); static bool __cancel_work(struct work_struct *work, bool is_dwork) { unsigned long flags; int ret; do { ret = try_to_grab_pending(work, is_dwork, &flags); } while (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)); if (unlikely(ret < 0)) return false; set_work_pool_and_clear_pending(work, get_work_pool_id(work)); local_irq_restore(flags); return ret; } /** * cancel_delayed_work - cancel a delayed work * @dwork: delayed_work to cancel * * Kill off a pending delayed_work. * * Return: %true if @dwork was pending and canceled; %false if it wasn't * pending. * * Note: * The work callback function may still be running on return, unless * it returns %true and the work doesn't re-arm itself. Explicitly flush or * use cancel_delayed_work_sync() to wait on it. * * This function is safe to call from any context including IRQ handler. */ bool cancel_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork) { return __cancel_work(&dwork->work, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(cancel_delayed_work); /** * cancel_delayed_work_sync - cancel a delayed work and wait for it to finish * @dwork: the delayed work cancel * * This is cancel_work_sync() for delayed works. * * Return: * %true if @dwork was pending, %false otherwise. */ bool cancel_delayed_work_sync(struct delayed_work *dwork) { return __cancel_work_timer(&dwork->work, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(cancel_delayed_work_sync); /** * schedule_on_each_cpu - execute a function synchronously on each online CPU * @func: the function to call * * schedule_on_each_cpu() executes @func on each online CPU using the * system workqueue and blocks until all CPUs have completed. * schedule_on_each_cpu() is very slow. * * Return: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int schedule_on_each_cpu(work_func_t func) { int cpu; struct work_struct __percpu *works; works = alloc_percpu(struct work_struct); if (!works) return -ENOMEM; get_online_cpus(); for_each_online_cpu(cpu) { struct work_struct *work = per_cpu_ptr(works, cpu); INIT_WORK(work, func); schedule_work_on(cpu, work); } for_each_online_cpu(cpu) flush_work(per_cpu_ptr(works, cpu)); put_online_cpus(); free_percpu(works); return 0; } /** * execute_in_process_context - reliably execute the routine with user context * @fn: the function to execute * @ew: guaranteed storage for the execute work structure (must * be available when the work executes) * * Executes the function immediately if process context is available, * otherwise schedules the function for delayed execution. * * Return: 0 - function was executed * 1 - function was scheduled for execution */ int execute_in_process_context(work_func_t fn, struct execute_work *ew) { if (!in_interrupt()) { fn(&ew->work); return 0; } INIT_WORK(&ew->work, fn); schedule_work(&ew->work); return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(execute_in_process_context); /** * free_workqueue_attrs - free a workqueue_attrs * @attrs: workqueue_attrs to free * * Undo alloc_workqueue_attrs(). */ void free_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { if (attrs) { free_cpumask_var(attrs->cpumask); kfree(attrs); } } /** * alloc_workqueue_attrs - allocate a workqueue_attrs * * Allocate a new workqueue_attrs, initialize with default settings and * return it. * * Return: The allocated new workqueue_attr on success. %NULL on failure. */ struct workqueue_attrs *alloc_workqueue_attrs(void) { struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; attrs = kzalloc(sizeof(*attrs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!attrs) goto fail; if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&attrs->cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) goto fail; cpumask_copy(attrs->cpumask, cpu_possible_mask); return attrs; fail: free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return NULL; } static void copy_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_attrs *to, const struct workqueue_attrs *from) { to->nice = from->nice; cpumask_copy(to->cpumask, from->cpumask); /* * Unlike hash and equality test, this function doesn't ignore * ->no_numa as it is used for both pool and wq attrs. Instead, * get_unbound_pool() explicitly clears ->no_numa after copying. */ to->no_numa = from->no_numa; } /* hash value of the content of @attr */ static u32 wqattrs_hash(const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { u32 hash = 0; hash = jhash_1word(attrs->nice, hash); hash = jhash(cpumask_bits(attrs->cpumask), BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_cpumask_bits) * sizeof(long), hash); return hash; } /* content equality test */ static bool wqattrs_equal(const struct workqueue_attrs *a, const struct workqueue_attrs *b) { if (a->nice != b->nice) return false; if (!cpumask_equal(a->cpumask, b->cpumask)) return false; return true; } /** * init_worker_pool - initialize a newly zalloc'd worker_pool * @pool: worker_pool to initialize * * Initialize a newly zalloc'd @pool. It also allocates @pool->attrs. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure. Even on failure, all fields * inside @pool proper are initialized and put_unbound_pool() can be called * on @pool safely to release it. */ static int init_worker_pool(struct worker_pool *pool) { raw_spin_lock_init(&pool->lock); pool->id = -1; pool->cpu = -1; pool->node = NUMA_NO_NODE; pool->flags |= POOL_DISASSOCIATED; pool->watchdog_ts = jiffies; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->worklist); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->idle_list); hash_init(pool->busy_hash); timer_setup(&pool->idle_timer, idle_worker_timeout, TIMER_DEFERRABLE); timer_setup(&pool->mayday_timer, pool_mayday_timeout, 0); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->workers); ida_init(&pool->worker_ida); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&pool->hash_node); pool->refcnt = 1; /* shouldn't fail above this point */ pool->attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!pool->attrs) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP static void wq_init_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { char *lock_name; lockdep_register_key(&wq->key); lock_name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s%s", "(wq_completion)", wq->name); if (!lock_name) lock_name = wq->name; wq->lock_name = lock_name; lockdep_init_map(&wq->lockdep_map, lock_name, &wq->key, 0); } static void wq_unregister_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { lockdep_unregister_key(&wq->key); } static void wq_free_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { if (wq->lock_name != wq->name) kfree(wq->lock_name); } #else static void wq_init_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } static void wq_unregister_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } static void wq_free_lockdep(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } #endif static void rcu_free_wq(struct rcu_head *rcu) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = container_of(rcu, struct workqueue_struct, rcu); wq_free_lockdep(wq); if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) free_percpu(wq->cpu_pwqs); else free_workqueue_attrs(wq->unbound_attrs); kfree(wq); } static void rcu_free_pool(struct rcu_head *rcu) { struct worker_pool *pool = container_of(rcu, struct worker_pool, rcu); ida_destroy(&pool->worker_ida); free_workqueue_attrs(pool->attrs); kfree(pool); } /* This returns with the lock held on success (pool manager is inactive). */ static bool wq_manager_inactive(struct worker_pool *pool) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); if (pool->flags & POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); return false; } return true; } /** * put_unbound_pool - put a worker_pool * @pool: worker_pool to put * * Put @pool. If its refcnt reaches zero, it gets destroyed in RCU * safe manner. get_unbound_pool() calls this function on its failure path * and this function should be able to release pools which went through, * successfully or not, init_worker_pool(). * * Should be called with wq_pool_mutex held. */ static void put_unbound_pool(struct worker_pool *pool) { DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(detach_completion); struct worker *worker; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); if (--pool->refcnt) return; /* sanity checks */ if (WARN_ON(!(pool->cpu < 0)) || WARN_ON(!list_empty(&pool->worklist))) return; /* release id and unhash */ if (pool->id >= 0) idr_remove(&worker_pool_idr, pool->id); hash_del(&pool->hash_node); /* * Become the manager and destroy all workers. This prevents * @pool's workers from blocking on attach_mutex. We're the last * manager and @pool gets freed with the flag set. * Because of how wq_manager_inactive() works, we will hold the * spinlock after a successful wait. */ rcuwait_wait_event(&manager_wait, wq_manager_inactive(pool), TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); pool->flags |= POOL_MANAGER_ACTIVE; while ((worker = first_idle_worker(pool))) destroy_worker(worker); WARN_ON(pool->nr_workers || pool->nr_idle); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (!list_empty(&pool->workers)) pool->detach_completion = &detach_completion; mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (pool->detach_completion) wait_for_completion(pool->detach_completion); /* shut down the timers */ del_timer_sync(&pool->idle_timer); del_timer_sync(&pool->mayday_timer); /* RCU protected to allow dereferences from get_work_pool() */ call_rcu(&pool->rcu, rcu_free_pool); } /** * get_unbound_pool - get a worker_pool with the specified attributes * @attrs: the attributes of the worker_pool to get * * Obtain a worker_pool which has the same attributes as @attrs, bump the * reference count and return it. If there already is a matching * worker_pool, it will be used; otherwise, this function attempts to * create a new one. * * Should be called with wq_pool_mutex held. * * Return: On success, a worker_pool with the same attributes as @attrs. * On failure, %NULL. */ static struct worker_pool *get_unbound_pool(const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { u32 hash = wqattrs_hash(attrs); struct worker_pool *pool; int node; int target_node = NUMA_NO_NODE; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); /* do we already have a matching pool? */ hash_for_each_possible(unbound_pool_hash, pool, hash_node, hash) { if (wqattrs_equal(pool->attrs, attrs)) { pool->refcnt++; return pool; } } /* if cpumask is contained inside a NUMA node, we belong to that node */ if (wq_numa_enabled) { for_each_node(node) { if (cpumask_subset(attrs->cpumask, wq_numa_possible_cpumask[node])) { target_node = node; break; } } } /* nope, create a new one */ pool = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*pool), GFP_KERNEL, target_node); if (!pool || init_worker_pool(pool) < 0) goto fail; lockdep_set_subclass(&pool->lock, 1); /* see put_pwq() */ copy_workqueue_attrs(pool->attrs, attrs); pool->node = target_node; /* * no_numa isn't a worker_pool attribute, always clear it. See * 'struct workqueue_attrs' comments for detail. */ pool->attrs->no_numa = false; if (worker_pool_assign_id(pool) < 0) goto fail; /* create and start the initial worker */ if (wq_online && !create_worker(pool)) goto fail; /* install */ hash_add(unbound_pool_hash, &pool->hash_node, hash); return pool; fail: if (pool) put_unbound_pool(pool); return NULL; } static void rcu_free_pwq(struct rcu_head *rcu) { kmem_cache_free(pwq_cache, container_of(rcu, struct pool_workqueue, rcu)); } /* * Scheduled on system_wq by put_pwq() when an unbound pwq hits zero refcnt * and needs to be destroyed. */ static void pwq_unbound_release_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = container_of(work, struct pool_workqueue, unbound_release_work); struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; bool is_last = false; /* * when @pwq is not linked, it doesn't hold any reference to the * @wq, and @wq is invalid to access. */ if (!list_empty(&pwq->pwqs_node)) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND))) return; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); list_del_rcu(&pwq->pwqs_node); is_last = list_empty(&wq->pwqs); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); put_unbound_pool(pool); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); call_rcu(&pwq->rcu, rcu_free_pwq); /* * If we're the last pwq going away, @wq is already dead and no one * is gonna access it anymore. Schedule RCU free. */ if (is_last) { wq_unregister_lockdep(wq); call_rcu(&wq->rcu, rcu_free_wq); } } /** * pwq_adjust_max_active - update a pwq's max_active to the current setting * @pwq: target pool_workqueue * * If @pwq isn't freezing, set @pwq->max_active to the associated * workqueue's saved_max_active and activate delayed work items * accordingly. If @pwq is freezing, clear @pwq->max_active to zero. */ static void pwq_adjust_max_active(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; bool freezable = wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE; unsigned long flags; /* for @wq->saved_max_active */ lockdep_assert_held(&wq->mutex); /* fast exit for non-freezable wqs */ if (!freezable && pwq->max_active == wq->saved_max_active) return; /* this function can be called during early boot w/ irq disabled */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); /* * During [un]freezing, the caller is responsible for ensuring that * this function is called at least once after @workqueue_freezing * is updated and visible. */ if (!freezable || !workqueue_freezing) { bool kick = false; pwq->max_active = wq->saved_max_active; while (!list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works) && pwq->nr_active < pwq->max_active) { pwq_activate_first_delayed(pwq); kick = true; } /* * Need to kick a worker after thawed or an unbound wq's * max_active is bumped. In realtime scenarios, always kicking a * worker will cause interference on the isolated cpu cores, so * let's kick iff work items were activated. */ if (kick) wake_up_worker(pwq->pool); } else { pwq->max_active = 0; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); } /* initialize newly alloced @pwq which is associated with @wq and @pool */ static void init_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq, struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct worker_pool *pool) { BUG_ON((unsigned long)pwq & WORK_STRUCT_FLAG_MASK); memset(pwq, 0, sizeof(*pwq)); pwq->pool = pool; pwq->wq = wq; pwq->flush_color = -1; pwq->refcnt = 1; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pwq->delayed_works); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pwq->pwqs_node); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pwq->mayday_node); INIT_WORK(&pwq->unbound_release_work, pwq_unbound_release_workfn); } /* sync @pwq with the current state of its associated wq and link it */ static void link_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = pwq->wq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq->mutex); /* may be called multiple times, ignore if already linked */ if (!list_empty(&pwq->pwqs_node)) return; /* set the matching work_color */ pwq->work_color = wq->work_color; /* sync max_active to the current setting */ pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); /* link in @pwq */ list_add_rcu(&pwq->pwqs_node, &wq->pwqs); } /* obtain a pool matching @attr and create a pwq associating the pool and @wq */ static struct pool_workqueue *alloc_unbound_pwq(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); pool = get_unbound_pool(attrs); if (!pool) return NULL; pwq = kmem_cache_alloc_node(pwq_cache, GFP_KERNEL, pool->node); if (!pwq) { put_unbound_pool(pool); return NULL; } init_pwq(pwq, wq, pool); return pwq; } /** * wq_calc_node_cpumask - calculate a wq_attrs' cpumask for the specified node * @attrs: the wq_attrs of the default pwq of the target workqueue * @node: the target NUMA node * @cpu_going_down: if >= 0, the CPU to consider as offline * @cpumask: outarg, the resulting cpumask * * Calculate the cpumask a workqueue with @attrs should use on @node. If * @cpu_going_down is >= 0, that cpu is considered offline during * calculation. The result is stored in @cpumask. * * If NUMA affinity is not enabled, @attrs->cpumask is always used. If * enabled and @node has online CPUs requested by @attrs, the returned * cpumask is the intersection of the possible CPUs of @node and * @attrs->cpumask. * * The caller is responsible for ensuring that the cpumask of @node stays * stable. * * Return: %true if the resulting @cpumask is different from @attrs->cpumask, * %false if equal. */ static bool wq_calc_node_cpumask(const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs, int node, int cpu_going_down, cpumask_t *cpumask) { if (!wq_numa_enabled || attrs->no_numa) goto use_dfl; /* does @node have any online CPUs @attrs wants? */ cpumask_and(cpumask, cpumask_of_node(node), attrs->cpumask); if (cpu_going_down >= 0) cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu_going_down, cpumask); if (cpumask_empty(cpumask)) goto use_dfl; /* yeap, return possible CPUs in @node that @attrs wants */ cpumask_and(cpumask, attrs->cpumask, wq_numa_possible_cpumask[node]); if (cpumask_empty(cpumask)) { pr_warn_once("WARNING: workqueue cpumask: online intersect > " "possible intersect\n"); return false; } return !cpumask_equal(cpumask, attrs->cpumask); use_dfl: cpumask_copy(cpumask, attrs->cpumask); return false; } /* install @pwq into @wq's numa_pwq_tbl[] for @node and return the old pwq */ static struct pool_workqueue *numa_pwq_tbl_install(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int node, struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct pool_workqueue *old_pwq; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); lockdep_assert_held(&wq->mutex); /* link_pwq() can handle duplicate calls */ link_pwq(pwq); old_pwq = rcu_access_pointer(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node]); rcu_assign_pointer(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node], pwq); return old_pwq; } /* context to store the prepared attrs & pwqs before applying */ struct apply_wqattrs_ctx { struct workqueue_struct *wq; /* target workqueue */ struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; /* attrs to apply */ struct list_head list; /* queued for batching commit */ struct pool_workqueue *dfl_pwq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq_tbl[]; }; /* free the resources after success or abort */ static void apply_wqattrs_cleanup(struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx) { if (ctx) { int node; for_each_node(node) put_pwq_unlocked(ctx->pwq_tbl[node]); put_pwq_unlocked(ctx->dfl_pwq); free_workqueue_attrs(ctx->attrs); kfree(ctx); } } /* allocate the attrs and pwqs for later installation */ static struct apply_wqattrs_ctx * apply_wqattrs_prepare(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx; struct workqueue_attrs *new_attrs, *tmp_attrs; int node; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); ctx = kzalloc(struct_size(ctx, pwq_tbl, nr_node_ids), GFP_KERNEL); new_attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); tmp_attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!ctx || !new_attrs || !tmp_attrs) goto out_free; /* * Calculate the attrs of the default pwq. * If the user configured cpumask doesn't overlap with the * wq_unbound_cpumask, we fallback to the wq_unbound_cpumask. */ copy_workqueue_attrs(new_attrs, attrs); cpumask_and(new_attrs->cpumask, new_attrs->cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask); if (unlikely(cpumask_empty(new_attrs->cpumask))) cpumask_copy(new_attrs->cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask); /* * We may create multiple pwqs with differing cpumasks. Make a * copy of @new_attrs which will be modified and used to obtain * pools. */ copy_workqueue_attrs(tmp_attrs, new_attrs); /* * If something goes wrong during CPU up/down, we'll fall back to * the default pwq covering whole @attrs->cpumask. Always create * it even if we don't use it immediately. */ ctx->dfl_pwq = alloc_unbound_pwq(wq, new_attrs); if (!ctx->dfl_pwq) goto out_free; for_each_node(node) { if (wq_calc_node_cpumask(new_attrs, node, -1, tmp_attrs->cpumask)) { ctx->pwq_tbl[node] = alloc_unbound_pwq(wq, tmp_attrs); if (!ctx->pwq_tbl[node]) goto out_free; } else { ctx->dfl_pwq->refcnt++; ctx->pwq_tbl[node] = ctx->dfl_pwq; } } /* save the user configured attrs and sanitize it. */ copy_workqueue_attrs(new_attrs, attrs); cpumask_and(new_attrs->cpumask, new_attrs->cpumask, cpu_possible_mask); ctx->attrs = new_attrs; ctx->wq = wq; free_workqueue_attrs(tmp_attrs); return ctx; out_free: free_workqueue_attrs(tmp_attrs); free_workqueue_attrs(new_attrs); apply_wqattrs_cleanup(ctx); return NULL; } /* set attrs and install prepared pwqs, @ctx points to old pwqs on return */ static void apply_wqattrs_commit(struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx) { int node; /* all pwqs have been created successfully, let's install'em */ mutex_lock(&ctx->wq->mutex); copy_workqueue_attrs(ctx->wq->unbound_attrs, ctx->attrs); /* save the previous pwq and install the new one */ for_each_node(node) ctx->pwq_tbl[node] = numa_pwq_tbl_install(ctx->wq, node, ctx->pwq_tbl[node]); /* @dfl_pwq might not have been used, ensure it's linked */ link_pwq(ctx->dfl_pwq); swap(ctx->wq->dfl_pwq, ctx->dfl_pwq); mutex_unlock(&ctx->wq->mutex); } static void apply_wqattrs_lock(void) { /* CPUs should stay stable across pwq creations and installations */ get_online_cpus(); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); } static void apply_wqattrs_unlock(void) { mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); put_online_cpus(); } static int apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx; /* only unbound workqueues can change attributes */ if (WARN_ON(!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND))) return -EINVAL; /* creating multiple pwqs breaks ordering guarantee */ if (!list_empty(&wq->pwqs)) { if (WARN_ON(wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT)) return -EINVAL; wq->flags &= ~__WQ_ORDERED; } ctx = apply_wqattrs_prepare(wq, attrs); if (!ctx) return -ENOMEM; /* the ctx has been prepared successfully, let's commit it */ apply_wqattrs_commit(ctx); apply_wqattrs_cleanup(ctx); return 0; } /** * apply_workqueue_attrs - apply new workqueue_attrs to an unbound workqueue * @wq: the target workqueue * @attrs: the workqueue_attrs to apply, allocated with alloc_workqueue_attrs() * * Apply @attrs to an unbound workqueue @wq. Unless disabled, on NUMA * machines, this function maps a separate pwq to each NUMA node with * possibles CPUs in @attrs->cpumask so that work items are affine to the * NUMA node it was issued on. Older pwqs are released as in-flight work * items finish. Note that a work item which repeatedly requeues itself * back-to-back will stay on its current pwq. * * Performs GFP_KERNEL allocations. * * Assumes caller has CPU hotplug read exclusion, i.e. get_online_cpus(). * * Return: 0 on success and -errno on failure. */ int apply_workqueue_attrs(struct workqueue_struct *wq, const struct workqueue_attrs *attrs) { int ret; lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return ret; } /** * wq_update_unbound_numa - update NUMA affinity of a wq for CPU hot[un]plug * @wq: the target workqueue * @cpu: the CPU coming up or going down * @online: whether @cpu is coming up or going down * * This function is to be called from %CPU_DOWN_PREPARE, %CPU_ONLINE and * %CPU_DOWN_FAILED. @cpu is being hot[un]plugged, update NUMA affinity of * @wq accordingly. * * If NUMA affinity can't be adjusted due to memory allocation failure, it * falls back to @wq->dfl_pwq which may not be optimal but is always * correct. * * Note that when the last allowed CPU of a NUMA node goes offline for a * workqueue with a cpumask spanning multiple nodes, the workers which were * already executing the work items for the workqueue will lose their CPU * affinity and may execute on any CPU. This is similar to how per-cpu * workqueues behave on CPU_DOWN. If a workqueue user wants strict * affinity, it's the user's responsibility to flush the work item from * CPU_DOWN_PREPARE. */ static void wq_update_unbound_numa(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int cpu, bool online) { int node = cpu_to_node(cpu); int cpu_off = online ? -1 : cpu; struct pool_workqueue *old_pwq = NULL, *pwq; struct workqueue_attrs *target_attrs; cpumask_t *cpumask; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); if (!wq_numa_enabled || !(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) || wq->unbound_attrs->no_numa) return; /* * We don't wanna alloc/free wq_attrs for each wq for each CPU. * Let's use a preallocated one. The following buf is protected by * CPU hotplug exclusion. */ target_attrs = wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf; cpumask = target_attrs->cpumask; copy_workqueue_attrs(target_attrs, wq->unbound_attrs); pwq = unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, node); /* * Let's determine what needs to be done. If the target cpumask is * different from the default pwq's, we need to compare it to @pwq's * and create a new one if they don't match. If the target cpumask * equals the default pwq's, the default pwq should be used. */ if (wq_calc_node_cpumask(wq->dfl_pwq->pool->attrs, node, cpu_off, cpumask)) { if (cpumask_equal(cpumask, pwq->pool->attrs->cpumask)) return; } else { goto use_dfl_pwq; } /* create a new pwq */ pwq = alloc_unbound_pwq(wq, target_attrs); if (!pwq) { pr_warn("workqueue: allocation failed while updating NUMA affinity of \"%s\"\n", wq->name); goto use_dfl_pwq; } /* Install the new pwq. */ mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); old_pwq = numa_pwq_tbl_install(wq, node, pwq); goto out_unlock; use_dfl_pwq: mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq->dfl_pwq->pool->lock); get_pwq(wq->dfl_pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq->dfl_pwq->pool->lock); old_pwq = numa_pwq_tbl_install(wq, node, wq->dfl_pwq); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); put_pwq_unlocked(old_pwq); } static int alloc_and_link_pwqs(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { bool highpri = wq->flags & WQ_HIGHPRI; int cpu, ret; if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) { wq->cpu_pwqs = alloc_percpu(struct pool_workqueue); if (!wq->cpu_pwqs) return -ENOMEM; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq = per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_pwqs, cpu); struct worker_pool *cpu_pools = per_cpu(cpu_worker_pools, cpu); init_pwq(pwq, wq, &cpu_pools[highpri]); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); link_pwq(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } return 0; } get_online_cpus(); if (wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED) { ret = apply_workqueue_attrs(wq, ordered_wq_attrs[highpri]); /* there should only be single pwq for ordering guarantee */ WARN(!ret && (wq->pwqs.next != &wq->dfl_pwq->pwqs_node || wq->pwqs.prev != &wq->dfl_pwq->pwqs_node), "ordering guarantee broken for workqueue %s\n", wq->name); } else { ret = apply_workqueue_attrs(wq, unbound_std_wq_attrs[highpri]); } put_online_cpus(); return ret; } static int wq_clamp_max_active(int max_active, unsigned int flags, const char *name) { int lim = flags & WQ_UNBOUND ? WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE : WQ_MAX_ACTIVE; if (max_active < 1 || max_active > lim) pr_warn("workqueue: max_active %d requested for %s is out of range, clamping between %d and %d\n", max_active, name, 1, lim); return clamp_val(max_active, 1, lim); } /* * Workqueues which may be used during memory reclaim should have a rescuer * to guarantee forward progress. */ static int init_rescuer(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct worker *rescuer; int ret; if (!(wq->flags & WQ_MEM_RECLAIM)) return 0; rescuer = alloc_worker(NUMA_NO_NODE); if (!rescuer) return -ENOMEM; rescuer->rescue_wq = wq; rescuer->task = kthread_create(rescuer_thread, rescuer, "%s", wq->name); if (IS_ERR(rescuer->task)) { ret = PTR_ERR(rescuer->task); kfree(rescuer); return ret; } wq->rescuer = rescuer; kthread_bind_mask(rescuer->task, cpu_possible_mask); wake_up_process(rescuer->task); return 0; } __printf(1, 4) struct workqueue_struct *alloc_workqueue(const char *fmt, unsigned int flags, int max_active, ...) { size_t tbl_size = 0; va_list args; struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; /* * Unbound && max_active == 1 used to imply ordered, which is no * longer the case on NUMA machines due to per-node pools. While * alloc_ordered_workqueue() is the right way to create an ordered * workqueue, keep the previous behavior to avoid subtle breakages * on NUMA. */ if ((flags & WQ_UNBOUND) && max_active == 1) flags |= __WQ_ORDERED; /* see the comment above the definition of WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT */ if ((flags & WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT) && wq_power_efficient) flags |= WQ_UNBOUND; /* allocate wq and format name */ if (flags & WQ_UNBOUND) tbl_size = nr_node_ids * sizeof(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[0]); wq = kzalloc(sizeof(*wq) + tbl_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!wq) return NULL; if (flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { wq->unbound_attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!wq->unbound_attrs) goto err_free_wq; } va_start(args, max_active); vsnprintf(wq->name, sizeof(wq->name), fmt, args); va_end(args); max_active = max_active ?: WQ_DFL_ACTIVE; max_active = wq_clamp_max_active(max_active, flags, wq->name); /* init wq */ wq->flags = flags; wq->saved_max_active = max_active; mutex_init(&wq->mutex); atomic_set(&wq->nr_pwqs_to_flush, 0); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->pwqs); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->flusher_queue); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->flusher_overflow); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->maydays); wq_init_lockdep(wq); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->list); if (alloc_and_link_pwqs(wq) < 0) goto err_unreg_lockdep; if (wq_online && init_rescuer(wq) < 0) goto err_destroy; if ((wq->flags & WQ_SYSFS) && workqueue_sysfs_register(wq)) goto err_destroy; /* * wq_pool_mutex protects global freeze state and workqueues list. * Grab it, adjust max_active and add the new @wq to workqueues * list. */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); list_add_tail_rcu(&wq->list, &workqueues); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return wq; err_unreg_lockdep: wq_unregister_lockdep(wq); wq_free_lockdep(wq); err_free_wq: free_workqueue_attrs(wq->unbound_attrs); kfree(wq); return NULL; err_destroy: destroy_workqueue(wq); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(alloc_workqueue); static bool pwq_busy(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { int i; for (i = 0; i < WORK_NR_COLORS; i++) if (pwq->nr_in_flight[i]) return true; if ((pwq != pwq->wq->dfl_pwq) && (pwq->refcnt > 1)) return true; if (pwq->nr_active || !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) return true; return false; } /** * destroy_workqueue - safely terminate a workqueue * @wq: target workqueue * * Safely destroy a workqueue. All work currently pending will be done first. */ void destroy_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; int node; /* * Remove it from sysfs first so that sanity check failure doesn't * lead to sysfs name conflicts. */ workqueue_sysfs_unregister(wq); /* drain it before proceeding with destruction */ drain_workqueue(wq); /* kill rescuer, if sanity checks fail, leave it w/o rescuer */ if (wq->rescuer) { struct worker *rescuer = wq->rescuer; /* this prevents new queueing */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); wq->rescuer = NULL; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wq_mayday_lock); /* rescuer will empty maydays list before exiting */ kthread_stop(rescuer->task); kfree(rescuer); } /* * Sanity checks - grab all the locks so that we wait for all * in-flight operations which may do put_pwq(). */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); if (WARN_ON(pwq_busy(pwq))) { pr_warn("%s: %s has the following busy pwq\n", __func__, wq->name); show_pwq(pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); show_workqueue_state(); return; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pwq->pool->lock); } mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); /* * wq list is used to freeze wq, remove from list after * flushing is complete in case freeze races us. */ list_del_rcu(&wq->list); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) { wq_unregister_lockdep(wq); /* * The base ref is never dropped on per-cpu pwqs. Directly * schedule RCU free. */ call_rcu(&wq->rcu, rcu_free_wq); } else { /* * We're the sole accessor of @wq at this point. Directly * access numa_pwq_tbl[] and dfl_pwq to put the base refs. * @wq will be freed when the last pwq is released. */ for_each_node(node) { pwq = rcu_access_pointer(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node]); RCU_INIT_POINTER(wq->numa_pwq_tbl[node], NULL); put_pwq_unlocked(pwq); } /* * Put dfl_pwq. @wq may be freed any time after dfl_pwq is * put. Don't access it afterwards. */ pwq = wq->dfl_pwq; wq->dfl_pwq = NULL; put_pwq_unlocked(pwq); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_workqueue); /** * workqueue_set_max_active - adjust max_active of a workqueue * @wq: target workqueue * @max_active: new max_active value. * * Set max_active of @wq to @max_active. * * CONTEXT: * Don't call from IRQ context. */ void workqueue_set_max_active(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int max_active) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; /* disallow meddling with max_active for ordered workqueues */ if (WARN_ON(wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT)) return; max_active = wq_clamp_max_active(max_active, wq->flags, wq->name); mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); wq->flags &= ~__WQ_ORDERED; wq->saved_max_active = max_active; for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(workqueue_set_max_active); /** * current_work - retrieve %current task's work struct * * Determine if %current task is a workqueue worker and what it's working on. * Useful to find out the context that the %current task is running in. * * Return: work struct if %current task is a workqueue worker, %NULL otherwise. */ struct work_struct *current_work(void) { struct worker *worker = current_wq_worker(); return worker ? worker->current_work : NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(current_work); /** * current_is_workqueue_rescuer - is %current workqueue rescuer? * * Determine whether %current is a workqueue rescuer. Can be used from * work functions to determine whether it's being run off the rescuer task. * * Return: %true if %current is a workqueue rescuer. %false otherwise. */ bool current_is_workqueue_rescuer(void) { struct worker *worker = current_wq_worker(); return worker && worker->rescue_wq; } /** * workqueue_congested - test whether a workqueue is congested * @cpu: CPU in question * @wq: target workqueue * * Test whether @wq's cpu workqueue for @cpu is congested. There is * no synchronization around this function and the test result is * unreliable and only useful as advisory hints or for debugging. * * If @cpu is WORK_CPU_UNBOUND, the test is performed on the local CPU. * Note that both per-cpu and unbound workqueues may be associated with * multiple pool_workqueues which have separate congested states. A * workqueue being congested on one CPU doesn't mean the workqueue is also * contested on other CPUs / NUMA nodes. * * Return: * %true if congested, %false otherwise. */ bool workqueue_congested(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); preempt_disable(); if (cpu == WORK_CPU_UNBOUND) cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) pwq = per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_pwqs, cpu); else pwq = unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, cpu_to_node(cpu)); ret = !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works); preempt_enable(); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(workqueue_congested); /** * work_busy - test whether a work is currently pending or running * @work: the work to be tested * * Test whether @work is currently pending or running. There is no * synchronization around this function and the test result is * unreliable and only useful as advisory hints or for debugging. * * Return: * OR'd bitmask of WORK_BUSY_* bits. */ unsigned int work_busy(struct work_struct *work) { struct worker_pool *pool; unsigned long flags; unsigned int ret = 0; if (work_pending(work)) ret |= WORK_BUSY_PENDING; rcu_read_lock(); pool = get_work_pool(work); if (pool) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pool->lock, flags); if (find_worker_executing_work(pool, work)) ret |= WORK_BUSY_RUNNING; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool->lock, flags); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_busy); /** * set_worker_desc - set description for the current work item * @fmt: printf-style format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This function can be called by a running work function to describe what * the work item is about. If the worker task gets dumped, this * information will be printed out together to help debugging. The * description can be at most WORKER_DESC_LEN including the trailing '\0'. */ void set_worker_desc(const char *fmt, ...) { struct worker *worker = current_wq_worker(); va_list args; if (worker) { va_start(args, fmt); vsnprintf(worker->desc, sizeof(worker->desc), fmt, args); va_end(args); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_worker_desc); /** * print_worker_info - print out worker information and description * @log_lvl: the log level to use when printing * @task: target task * * If @task is a worker and currently executing a work item, print out the * name of the workqueue being serviced and worker description set with * set_worker_desc() by the currently executing work item. * * This function can be safely called on any task as long as the * task_struct itself is accessible. While safe, this function isn't * synchronized and may print out mixups or garbages of limited length. */ void print_worker_info(const char *log_lvl, struct task_struct *task) { work_func_t *fn = NULL; char name[WQ_NAME_LEN] = { }; char desc[WORKER_DESC_LEN] = { }; struct pool_workqueue *pwq = NULL; struct workqueue_struct *wq = NULL; struct worker *worker; if (!(task->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER)) return; /* * This function is called without any synchronization and @task * could be in any state. Be careful with dereferences. */ worker = kthread_probe_data(task); /* * Carefully copy the associated workqueue's workfn, name and desc. * Keep the original last '\0' in case the original is garbage. */ copy_from_kernel_nofault(&fn, &worker->current_func, sizeof(fn)); copy_from_kernel_nofault(&pwq, &worker->current_pwq, sizeof(pwq)); copy_from_kernel_nofault(&wq, &pwq->wq, sizeof(wq)); copy_from_kernel_nofault(name, wq->name, sizeof(name) - 1); copy_from_kernel_nofault(desc, worker->desc, sizeof(desc) - 1); if (fn || name[0] || desc[0]) { printk("%sWorkqueue: %s %ps", log_lvl, name, fn); if (strcmp(name, desc)) pr_cont(" (%s)", desc); pr_cont("\n"); } } static void pr_cont_pool_info(struct worker_pool *pool) { pr_cont(" cpus=%*pbl", nr_cpumask_bits, pool->attrs->cpumask); if (pool->node != NUMA_NO_NODE) pr_cont(" node=%d", pool->node); pr_cont(" flags=0x%x nice=%d", pool->flags, pool->attrs->nice); } static void pr_cont_work(bool comma, struct work_struct *work) { if (work->func == wq_barrier_func) { struct wq_barrier *barr; barr = container_of(work, struct wq_barrier, work); pr_cont("%s BAR(%d)", comma ? "," : "", task_pid_nr(barr->task)); } else { pr_cont("%s %ps", comma ? "," : "", work->func); } } static void show_pwq(struct pool_workqueue *pwq) { struct worker_pool *pool = pwq->pool; struct work_struct *work; struct worker *worker; bool has_in_flight = false, has_pending = false; int bkt; pr_info(" pwq %d:", pool->id); pr_cont_pool_info(pool); pr_cont(" active=%d/%d refcnt=%d%s\n", pwq->nr_active, pwq->max_active, pwq->refcnt, !list_empty(&pwq->mayday_node) ? " MAYDAY" : ""); hash_for_each(pool->busy_hash, bkt, worker, hentry) { if (worker->current_pwq == pwq) { has_in_flight = true; break; } } if (has_in_flight) { bool comma = false; pr_info(" in-flight:"); hash_for_each(pool->busy_hash, bkt, worker, hentry) { if (worker->current_pwq != pwq) continue; pr_cont("%s %d%s:%ps", comma ? "," : "", task_pid_nr(worker->task), worker->rescue_wq ? "(RESCUER)" : "", worker->current_func); list_for_each_entry(work, &worker->scheduled, entry) pr_cont_work(false, work); comma = true; } pr_cont("\n"); } list_for_each_entry(work, &pool->worklist, entry) { if (get_work_pwq(work) == pwq) { has_pending = true; break; } } if (has_pending) { bool comma = false; pr_info(" pending:"); list_for_each_entry(work, &pool->worklist, entry) { if (get_work_pwq(work) != pwq) continue; pr_cont_work(comma, work); comma = !(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED); } pr_cont("\n"); } if (!list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) { bool comma = false; pr_info(" delayed:"); list_for_each_entry(work, &pwq->delayed_works, entry) { pr_cont_work(comma, work); comma = !(*work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_LINKED); } pr_cont("\n"); } } /** * show_workqueue_state - dump workqueue state * * Called from a sysrq handler or try_to_freeze_tasks() and prints out * all busy workqueues and pools. */ void show_workqueue_state(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct worker_pool *pool; unsigned long flags; int pi; rcu_read_lock(); pr_info("Showing busy workqueues and worker pools:\n"); list_for_each_entry_rcu(wq, &workqueues, list) { struct pool_workqueue *pwq; bool idle = true; for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { if (pwq->nr_active || !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) { idle = false; break; } } if (idle) continue; pr_info("workqueue %s: flags=0x%x\n", wq->name, wq->flags); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); if (pwq->nr_active || !list_empty(&pwq->delayed_works)) show_pwq(pwq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pwq->pool->lock, flags); /* * We could be printing a lot from atomic context, e.g. * sysrq-t -> show_workqueue_state(). Avoid triggering * hard lockup. */ touch_nmi_watchdog(); } } for_each_pool(pool, pi) { struct worker *worker; bool first = true; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pool->lock, flags); if (pool->nr_workers == pool->nr_idle) goto next_pool; pr_info("pool %d:", pool->id); pr_cont_pool_info(pool); pr_cont(" hung=%us workers=%d", jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - pool->watchdog_ts) / 1000, pool->nr_workers); if (pool->manager) pr_cont(" manager: %d", task_pid_nr(pool->manager->task)); list_for_each_entry(worker, &pool->idle_list, entry) { pr_cont(" %s%d", first ? "idle: " : "", task_pid_nr(worker->task)); first = false; } pr_cont("\n"); next_pool: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool->lock, flags); /* * We could be printing a lot from atomic context, e.g. * sysrq-t -> show_workqueue_state(). Avoid triggering * hard lockup. */ touch_nmi_watchdog(); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* used to show worker information through /proc/PID/{comm,stat,status} */ void wq_worker_comm(char *buf, size_t size, struct task_struct *task) { int off; /* always show the actual comm */ off = strscpy(buf, task->comm, size); if (off < 0) return; /* stabilize PF_WQ_WORKER and worker pool association */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (task->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER) { struct worker *worker = kthread_data(task); struct worker_pool *pool = worker->pool; if (pool) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * ->desc tracks information (wq name or * set_worker_desc()) for the latest execution. If * current, prepend '+', otherwise '-'. */ if (worker->desc[0] != '\0') { if (worker->current_work) scnprintf(buf + off, size - off, "+%s", worker->desc); else scnprintf(buf + off, size - off, "-%s", worker->desc); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } } mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * CPU hotplug. * * There are two challenges in supporting CPU hotplug. Firstly, there * are a lot of assumptions on strong associations among work, pwq and * pool which make migrating pending and scheduled works very * difficult to implement without impacting hot paths. Secondly, * worker pools serve mix of short, long and very long running works making * blocked draining impractical. * * This is solved by allowing the pools to be disassociated from the CPU * running as an unbound one and allowing it to be reattached later if the * cpu comes back online. */ static void unbind_workers(int cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct worker *worker; for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); /* * We've blocked all attach/detach operations. Make all workers * unbound and set DISASSOCIATED. Before this, all workers * except for the ones which are still executing works from * before the last CPU down must be on the cpu. After * this, they may become diasporas. */ for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) worker->flags |= WORKER_UNBOUND; pool->flags |= POOL_DISASSOCIATED; raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* * Call schedule() so that we cross rq->lock and thus can * guarantee sched callbacks see the %WORKER_UNBOUND flag. * This is necessary as scheduler callbacks may be invoked * from other cpus. */ schedule(); /* * Sched callbacks are disabled now. Zap nr_running. * After this, nr_running stays zero and need_more_worker() * and keep_working() are always true as long as the * worklist is not empty. This pool now behaves as an * unbound (in terms of concurrency management) pool which * are served by workers tied to the pool. */ atomic_set(&pool->nr_running, 0); /* * With concurrency management just turned off, a busy * worker blocking could lead to lengthy stalls. Kick off * unbound chain execution of currently pending work items. */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); wake_up_worker(pool); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } } /** * rebind_workers - rebind all workers of a pool to the associated CPU * @pool: pool of interest * * @pool->cpu is coming online. Rebind all workers to the CPU. */ static void rebind_workers(struct worker_pool *pool) { struct worker *worker; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* * Restore CPU affinity of all workers. As all idle workers should * be on the run-queue of the associated CPU before any local * wake-ups for concurrency management happen, restore CPU affinity * of all workers first and then clear UNBOUND. As we're called * from CPU_ONLINE, the following shouldn't fail. */ for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, pool->attrs->cpumask) < 0); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pool->lock); pool->flags &= ~POOL_DISASSOCIATED; for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) { unsigned int worker_flags = worker->flags; /* * A bound idle worker should actually be on the runqueue * of the associated CPU for local wake-ups targeting it to * work. Kick all idle workers so that they migrate to the * associated CPU. Doing this in the same loop as * replacing UNBOUND with REBOUND is safe as no worker will * be bound before @pool->lock is released. */ if (worker_flags & WORKER_IDLE) wake_up_process(worker->task); /* * We want to clear UNBOUND but can't directly call * worker_clr_flags() or adjust nr_running. Atomically * replace UNBOUND with another NOT_RUNNING flag REBOUND. * @worker will clear REBOUND using worker_clr_flags() when * it initiates the next execution cycle thus restoring * concurrency management. Note that when or whether * @worker clears REBOUND doesn't affect correctness. * * WRITE_ONCE() is necessary because @worker->flags may be * tested without holding any lock in * wq_worker_running(). Without it, NOT_RUNNING test may * fail incorrectly leading to premature concurrency * management operations. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(worker_flags & WORKER_UNBOUND)); worker_flags |= WORKER_REBOUND; worker_flags &= ~WORKER_UNBOUND; WRITE_ONCE(worker->flags, worker_flags); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock); } /** * restore_unbound_workers_cpumask - restore cpumask of unbound workers * @pool: unbound pool of interest * @cpu: the CPU which is coming up * * An unbound pool may end up with a cpumask which doesn't have any online * CPUs. When a worker of such pool get scheduled, the scheduler resets * its cpus_allowed. If @cpu is in @pool's cpumask which didn't have any * online CPU before, cpus_allowed of all its workers should be restored. */ static void restore_unbound_workers_cpumask(struct worker_pool *pool, int cpu) { static cpumask_t cpumask; struct worker *worker; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); /* is @cpu allowed for @pool? */ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, pool->attrs->cpumask)) return; cpumask_and(&cpumask, pool->attrs->cpumask, cpu_online_mask); /* as we're called from CPU_ONLINE, the following shouldn't fail */ for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool) WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, &cpumask) < 0); } int workqueue_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { if (pool->nr_workers) continue; if (!create_worker(pool)) return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } int workqueue_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; struct workqueue_struct *wq; int pi; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); for_each_pool(pool, pi) { mutex_lock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); if (pool->cpu == cpu) rebind_workers(pool); else if (pool->cpu < 0) restore_unbound_workers_cpumask(pool, cpu); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_attach_mutex); } /* update NUMA affinity of unbound workqueues */ list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) wq_update_unbound_numa(wq, cpu, true); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return 0; } int workqueue_offline_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; /* unbinding per-cpu workers should happen on the local CPU */ if (WARN_ON(cpu != smp_processor_id())) return -1; unbind_workers(cpu); /* update NUMA affinity of unbound workqueues */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) wq_update_unbound_numa(wq, cpu, false); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return 0; } struct work_for_cpu { struct work_struct work; long (*fn)(void *); void *arg; long ret; }; static void work_for_cpu_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct work_for_cpu *wfc = container_of(work, struct work_for_cpu, work); wfc->ret = wfc->fn(wfc->arg); } /** * work_on_cpu - run a function in thread context on a particular cpu * @cpu: the cpu to run on * @fn: the function to run * @arg: the function arg * * It is up to the caller to ensure that the cpu doesn't go offline. * The caller must not hold any locks which would prevent @fn from completing. * * Return: The value @fn returns. */ long work_on_cpu(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { struct work_for_cpu wfc = { .fn = fn, .arg = arg }; INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&wfc.work, work_for_cpu_fn); schedule_work_on(cpu, &wfc.work); flush_work(&wfc.work); destroy_work_on_stack(&wfc.work); return wfc.ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_on_cpu); /** * work_on_cpu_safe - run a function in thread context on a particular cpu * @cpu: the cpu to run on * @fn: the function to run * @arg: the function argument * * Disables CPU hotplug and calls work_on_cpu(). The caller must not hold * any locks which would prevent @fn from completing. * * Return: The value @fn returns. */ long work_on_cpu_safe(int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { long ret = -ENODEV; get_online_cpus(); if (cpu_online(cpu)) ret = work_on_cpu(cpu, fn, arg); put_online_cpus(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_on_cpu_safe); #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER /** * freeze_workqueues_begin - begin freezing workqueues * * Start freezing workqueues. After this function returns, all freezable * workqueues will queue new works to their delayed_works list instead of * pool->worklist. * * CONTEXT: * Grabs and releases wq_pool_mutex, wq->mutex and pool->lock's. */ void freeze_workqueues_begin(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); WARN_ON_ONCE(workqueue_freezing); workqueue_freezing = true; list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); } /** * freeze_workqueues_busy - are freezable workqueues still busy? * * Check whether freezing is complete. This function must be called * between freeze_workqueues_begin() and thaw_workqueues(). * * CONTEXT: * Grabs and releases wq_pool_mutex. * * Return: * %true if some freezable workqueues are still busy. %false if freezing * is complete. */ bool freeze_workqueues_busy(void) { bool busy = false; struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); WARN_ON_ONCE(!workqueue_freezing); list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { if (!(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE)) continue; /* * nr_active is monotonically decreasing. It's safe * to peek without lock. */ rcu_read_lock(); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) { WARN_ON_ONCE(pwq->nr_active < 0); if (pwq->nr_active) { busy = true; rcu_read_unlock(); goto out_unlock; } } rcu_read_unlock(); } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return busy; } /** * thaw_workqueues - thaw workqueues * * Thaw workqueues. Normal queueing is restored and all collected * frozen works are transferred to their respective pool worklists. * * CONTEXT: * Grabs and releases wq_pool_mutex, wq->mutex and pool->lock's. */ void thaw_workqueues(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct pool_workqueue *pwq; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); if (!workqueue_freezing) goto out_unlock; workqueue_freezing = false; /* restore max_active and repopulate worklist */ list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); for_each_pwq(pwq, wq) pwq_adjust_max_active(pwq); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); } #endif /* CONFIG_FREEZER */ static int workqueue_apply_unbound_cpumask(void) { LIST_HEAD(ctxs); int ret = 0; struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct apply_wqattrs_ctx *ctx, *n; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) continue; /* creating multiple pwqs breaks ordering guarantee */ if (wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED) continue; ctx = apply_wqattrs_prepare(wq, wq->unbound_attrs); if (!ctx) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } list_add_tail(&ctx->list, &ctxs); } list_for_each_entry_safe(ctx, n, &ctxs, list) { if (!ret) apply_wqattrs_commit(ctx); apply_wqattrs_cleanup(ctx); } return ret; } /** * workqueue_set_unbound_cpumask - Set the low-level unbound cpumask * @cpumask: the cpumask to set * * The low-level workqueues cpumask is a global cpumask that limits * the affinity of all unbound workqueues. This function check the @cpumask * and apply it to all unbound workqueues and updates all pwqs of them. * * Retun: 0 - Success * -EINVAL - Invalid @cpumask * -ENOMEM - Failed to allocate memory for attrs or pwqs. */ int workqueue_set_unbound_cpumask(cpumask_var_t cpumask) { int ret = -EINVAL; cpumask_var_t saved_cpumask; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&saved_cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) return -ENOMEM; /* * Not excluding isolated cpus on purpose. * If the user wishes to include them, we allow that. */ cpumask_and(cpumask, cpumask, cpu_possible_mask); if (!cpumask_empty(cpumask)) { apply_wqattrs_lock(); /* save the old wq_unbound_cpumask. */ cpumask_copy(saved_cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask); /* update wq_unbound_cpumask at first and apply it to wqs. */ cpumask_copy(wq_unbound_cpumask, cpumask); ret = workqueue_apply_unbound_cpumask(); /* restore the wq_unbound_cpumask when failed. */ if (ret < 0) cpumask_copy(wq_unbound_cpumask, saved_cpumask); apply_wqattrs_unlock(); } free_cpumask_var(saved_cpumask); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS /* * Workqueues with WQ_SYSFS flag set is visible to userland via * /sys/bus/workqueue/devices/WQ_NAME. All visible workqueues have the * following attributes. * * per_cpu RO bool : whether the workqueue is per-cpu or unbound * max_active RW int : maximum number of in-flight work items * * Unbound workqueues have the following extra attributes. * * pool_ids RO int : the associated pool IDs for each node * nice RW int : nice value of the workers * cpumask RW mask : bitmask of allowed CPUs for the workers * numa RW bool : whether enable NUMA affinity */ struct wq_device { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct device dev; }; static struct workqueue_struct *dev_to_wq(struct device *dev) { struct wq_device *wq_dev = container_of(dev, struct wq_device, dev); return wq_dev->wq; } static ssize_t per_cpu_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", (bool)!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)); } static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(per_cpu); static ssize_t max_active_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", wq->saved_max_active); } static ssize_t max_active_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int val; if (sscanf(buf, "%d", &val) != 1 || val <= 0) return -EINVAL; workqueue_set_max_active(wq, val); return count; } static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(max_active); static struct attribute *wq_sysfs_attrs[] = { &dev_attr_per_cpu.attr, &dev_attr_max_active.attr, NULL, }; ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(wq_sysfs); static ssize_t wq_pool_ids_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); const char *delim = ""; int node, written = 0; get_online_cpus(); rcu_read_lock(); for_each_node(node) { written += scnprintf(buf + written, PAGE_SIZE - written, "%s%d:%d", delim, node, unbound_pwq_by_node(wq, node)->pool->id); delim = " "; } written += scnprintf(buf + written, PAGE_SIZE - written, "\n"); rcu_read_unlock(); put_online_cpus(); return written; } static ssize_t wq_nice_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int written; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", wq->unbound_attrs->nice); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); return written; } /* prepare workqueue_attrs for sysfs store operations */ static struct workqueue_attrs *wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; lockdep_assert_held(&wq_pool_mutex); attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); if (!attrs) return NULL; copy_workqueue_attrs(attrs, wq->unbound_attrs); return attrs; } static ssize_t wq_nice_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; int ret = -ENOMEM; apply_wqattrs_lock(); attrs = wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(wq); if (!attrs) goto out_unlock; if (sscanf(buf, "%d", &attrs->nice) == 1 && attrs->nice >= MIN_NICE && attrs->nice <= MAX_NICE) ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); else ret = -EINVAL; out_unlock: apply_wqattrs_unlock(); free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return ret ?: count; } static ssize_t wq_cpumask_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int written; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%*pb\n", cpumask_pr_args(wq->unbound_attrs->cpumask)); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); return written; } static ssize_t wq_cpumask_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; int ret = -ENOMEM; apply_wqattrs_lock(); attrs = wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(wq); if (!attrs) goto out_unlock; ret = cpumask_parse(buf, attrs->cpumask); if (!ret) ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); out_unlock: apply_wqattrs_unlock(); free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return ret ?: count; } static ssize_t wq_numa_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); int written; mutex_lock(&wq->mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", !wq->unbound_attrs->no_numa); mutex_unlock(&wq->mutex); return written; } static ssize_t wq_numa_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct workqueue_struct *wq = dev_to_wq(dev); struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; int v, ret = -ENOMEM; apply_wqattrs_lock(); attrs = wq_sysfs_prep_attrs(wq); if (!attrs) goto out_unlock; ret = -EINVAL; if (sscanf(buf, "%d", &v) == 1) { attrs->no_numa = !v; ret = apply_workqueue_attrs_locked(wq, attrs); } out_unlock: apply_wqattrs_unlock(); free_workqueue_attrs(attrs); return ret ?: count; } static struct device_attribute wq_sysfs_unbound_attrs[] = { __ATTR(pool_ids, 0444, wq_pool_ids_show, NULL), __ATTR(nice, 0644, wq_nice_show, wq_nice_store), __ATTR(cpumask, 0644, wq_cpumask_show, wq_cpumask_store), __ATTR(numa, 0644, wq_numa_show, wq_numa_store), __ATTR_NULL, }; static struct bus_type wq_subsys = { .name = "workqueue", .dev_groups = wq_sysfs_groups, }; static ssize_t wq_unbound_cpumask_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { int written; mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); written = scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%*pb\n", cpumask_pr_args(wq_unbound_cpumask)); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); return written; } static ssize_t wq_unbound_cpumask_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { cpumask_var_t cpumask; int ret; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)) return -ENOMEM; ret = cpumask_parse(buf, cpumask); if (!ret) ret = workqueue_set_unbound_cpumask(cpumask); free_cpumask_var(cpumask); return ret ? ret : count; } static struct device_attribute wq_sysfs_cpumask_attr = __ATTR(cpumask, 0644, wq_unbound_cpumask_show, wq_unbound_cpumask_store); static int __init wq_sysfs_init(void) { int err; err = subsys_virtual_register(&wq_subsys, NULL); if (err) return err; return device_create_file(wq_subsys.dev_root, &wq_sysfs_cpumask_attr); } core_initcall(wq_sysfs_init); static void wq_device_release(struct device *dev) { struct wq_device *wq_dev = container_of(dev, struct wq_device, dev); kfree(wq_dev); } /** * workqueue_sysfs_register - make a workqueue visible in sysfs * @wq: the workqueue to register * * Expose @wq in sysfs under /sys/bus/workqueue/devices. * alloc_workqueue*() automatically calls this function if WQ_SYSFS is set * which is the preferred method. * * Workqueue user should use this function directly iff it wants to apply * workqueue_attrs before making the workqueue visible in sysfs; otherwise, * apply_workqueue_attrs() may race against userland updating the * attributes. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int workqueue_sysfs_register(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct wq_device *wq_dev; int ret; /* * Adjusting max_active or creating new pwqs by applying * attributes breaks ordering guarantee. Disallow exposing ordered * workqueues. */ if (WARN_ON(wq->flags & __WQ_ORDERED_EXPLICIT)) return -EINVAL; wq->wq_dev = wq_dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*wq_dev), GFP_KERNEL); if (!wq_dev) return -ENOMEM; wq_dev->wq = wq; wq_dev->dev.bus = &wq_subsys; wq_dev->dev.release = wq_device_release; dev_set_name(&wq_dev->dev, "%s", wq->name); /* * unbound_attrs are created separately. Suppress uevent until * everything is ready. */ dev_set_uevent_suppress(&wq_dev->dev, true); ret = device_register(&wq_dev->dev); if (ret) { put_device(&wq_dev->dev); wq->wq_dev = NULL; return ret; } if (wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND) { struct device_attribute *attr; for (attr = wq_sysfs_unbound_attrs; attr->attr.name; attr++) { ret = device_create_file(&wq_dev->dev, attr); if (ret) { device_unregister(&wq_dev->dev); wq->wq_dev = NULL; return ret; } } } dev_set_uevent_suppress(&wq_dev->dev, false); kobject_uevent(&wq_dev->dev.kobj, KOBJ_ADD); return 0; } /** * workqueue_sysfs_unregister - undo workqueue_sysfs_register() * @wq: the workqueue to unregister * * If @wq is registered to sysfs by workqueue_sysfs_register(), unregister. */ static void workqueue_sysfs_unregister(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { struct wq_device *wq_dev = wq->wq_dev; if (!wq->wq_dev) return; wq->wq_dev = NULL; device_unregister(&wq_dev->dev); } #else /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ static void workqueue_sysfs_unregister(struct workqueue_struct *wq) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ /* * Workqueue watchdog. * * Stall may be caused by various bugs - missing WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, illegal * flush dependency, a concurrency managed work item which stays RUNNING * indefinitely. Workqueue stalls can be very difficult to debug as the * usual warning mechanisms don't trigger and internal workqueue state is * largely opaque. * * Workqueue watchdog monitors all worker pools periodically and dumps * state if some pools failed to make forward progress for a while where * forward progress is defined as the first item on ->worklist changing. * * This mechanism is controlled through the kernel parameter * "workqueue.watchdog_thresh" which can be updated at runtime through the * corresponding sysfs parameter file. */ #ifdef CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG static unsigned long wq_watchdog_thresh = 30; static struct timer_list wq_watchdog_timer; static unsigned long wq_watchdog_touched = INITIAL_JIFFIES; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, wq_watchdog_touched_cpu) = INITIAL_JIFFIES; static void wq_watchdog_reset_touched(void) { int cpu; wq_watchdog_touched = jiffies; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(wq_watchdog_touched_cpu, cpu) = jiffies; } static void wq_watchdog_timer_fn(struct timer_list *unused) { unsigned long thresh = READ_ONCE(wq_watchdog_thresh) * HZ; bool lockup_detected = false; unsigned long now = jiffies; struct worker_pool *pool; int pi; if (!thresh) return; rcu_read_lock(); for_each_pool(pool, pi) { unsigned long pool_ts, touched, ts; if (list_empty(&pool->worklist)) continue; /* * If a virtual machine is stopped by the host it can look to * the watchdog like a stall. */ kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused(); /* get the latest of pool and touched timestamps */ pool_ts = READ_ONCE(pool->watchdog_ts); touched = READ_ONCE(wq_watchdog_touched); if (time_after(pool_ts, touched)) ts = pool_ts; else ts = touched; if (pool->cpu >= 0) { unsigned long cpu_touched = READ_ONCE(per_cpu(wq_watchdog_touched_cpu, pool->cpu)); if (time_after(cpu_touched, ts)) ts = cpu_touched; } /* did we stall? */ if (time_after(now, ts + thresh)) { lockup_detected = true; pr_emerg("BUG: workqueue lockup - pool"); pr_cont_pool_info(pool); pr_cont(" stuck for %us!\n", jiffies_to_msecs(now - pool_ts) / 1000); } } rcu_read_unlock(); if (lockup_detected) show_workqueue_state(); wq_watchdog_reset_touched(); mod_timer(&wq_watchdog_timer, jiffies + thresh); } notrace void wq_watchdog_touch(int cpu) { if (cpu >= 0) per_cpu(wq_watchdog_touched_cpu, cpu) = jiffies; else wq_watchdog_touched = jiffies; } static void wq_watchdog_set_thresh(unsigned long thresh) { wq_watchdog_thresh = 0; del_timer_sync(&wq_watchdog_timer); if (thresh) { wq_watchdog_thresh = thresh; wq_watchdog_reset_touched(); mod_timer(&wq_watchdog_timer, jiffies + thresh * HZ); } } static int wq_watchdog_param_set_thresh(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp) { unsigned long thresh; int ret; ret = kstrtoul(val, 0, &thresh); if (ret) return ret; if (system_wq) wq_watchdog_set_thresh(thresh); else wq_watchdog_thresh = thresh; return 0; } static const struct kernel_param_ops wq_watchdog_thresh_ops = { .set = wq_watchdog_param_set_thresh, .get = param_get_ulong, }; module_param_cb(watchdog_thresh, &wq_watchdog_thresh_ops, &wq_watchdog_thresh, 0644); static void wq_watchdog_init(void) { timer_setup(&wq_watchdog_timer, wq_watchdog_timer_fn, TIMER_DEFERRABLE); wq_watchdog_set_thresh(wq_watchdog_thresh); } #else /* CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG */ static inline void wq_watchdog_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_WQ_WATCHDOG */ static void __init wq_numa_init(void) { cpumask_var_t *tbl; int node, cpu; if (num_possible_nodes() <= 1) return; if (wq_disable_numa) { pr_info("workqueue: NUMA affinity support disabled\n"); return; } for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { if (WARN_ON(cpu_to_node(cpu) == NUMA_NO_NODE)) { pr_warn("workqueue: NUMA node mapping not available for cpu%d, disabling NUMA support\n", cpu); return; } } wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf = alloc_workqueue_attrs(); BUG_ON(!wq_update_unbound_numa_attrs_buf); /* * We want masks of possible CPUs of each node which isn't readily * available. Build one from cpu_to_node() which should have been * fully initialized by now. */ tbl = kcalloc(nr_node_ids, sizeof(tbl[0]), GFP_KERNEL); BUG_ON(!tbl); for_each_node(node) BUG_ON(!zalloc_cpumask_var_node(&tbl[node], GFP_KERNEL, node_online(node) ? node : NUMA_NO_NODE)); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { node = cpu_to_node(cpu); cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, tbl[node]); } wq_numa_possible_cpumask = tbl; wq_numa_enabled = true; } /** * workqueue_init_early - early init for workqueue subsystem * * This is the first half of two-staged workqueue subsystem initialization * and invoked as soon as the bare basics - memory allocation, cpumasks and * idr are up. It sets up all the data structures and system workqueues * and allows early boot code to create workqueues and queue/cancel work * items. Actual work item execution starts only after kthreads can be * created and scheduled right before early initcalls. */ void __init workqueue_init_early(void) { int std_nice[NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS] = { 0, HIGHPRI_NICE_LEVEL }; int hk_flags = HK_FLAG_DOMAIN | HK_FLAG_WQ; int i, cpu; BUILD_BUG_ON(__alignof__(struct pool_workqueue) < __alignof__(long long)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&wq_unbound_cpumask, GFP_KERNEL)); cpumask_copy(wq_unbound_cpumask, housekeeping_cpumask(hk_flags)); pwq_cache = KMEM_CACHE(pool_workqueue, SLAB_PANIC); /* initialize CPU pools */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct worker_pool *pool; i = 0; for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { BUG_ON(init_worker_pool(pool)); pool->cpu = cpu; cpumask_copy(pool->attrs->cpumask, cpumask_of(cpu)); pool->attrs->nice = std_nice[i++]; pool->node = cpu_to_node(cpu); /* alloc pool ID */ mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); BUG_ON(worker_pool_assign_id(pool)); mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); } } /* create default unbound and ordered wq attrs */ for (i = 0; i < NR_STD_WORKER_POOLS; i++) { struct workqueue_attrs *attrs; BUG_ON(!(attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs())); attrs->nice = std_nice[i]; unbound_std_wq_attrs[i] = attrs; /* * An ordered wq should have only one pwq as ordering is * guaranteed by max_active which is enforced by pwqs. * Turn off NUMA so that dfl_pwq is used for all nodes. */ BUG_ON(!(attrs = alloc_workqueue_attrs())); attrs->nice = std_nice[i]; attrs->no_numa = true; ordered_wq_attrs[i] = attrs; } system_wq = alloc_workqueue("events", 0, 0); system_highpri_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_highpri", WQ_HIGHPRI, 0); system_long_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_long", 0, 0); system_unbound_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_unbound", WQ_UNBOUND, WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE); system_freezable_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_freezable", WQ_FREEZABLE, 0); system_power_efficient_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_power_efficient", WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT, 0); system_freezable_power_efficient_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_freezable_power_efficient", WQ_FREEZABLE | WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT, 0); BUG_ON(!system_wq || !system_highpri_wq || !system_long_wq || !system_unbound_wq || !system_freezable_wq || !system_power_efficient_wq || !system_freezable_power_efficient_wq); } /** * workqueue_init - bring workqueue subsystem fully online * * This is the latter half of two-staged workqueue subsystem initialization * and invoked as soon as kthreads can be created and scheduled. * Workqueues have been created and work items queued on them, but there * are no kworkers executing the work items yet. Populate the worker pools * with the initial workers and enable future kworker creations. */ void __init workqueue_init(void) { struct workqueue_struct *wq; struct worker_pool *pool; int cpu, bkt; /* * It'd be simpler to initialize NUMA in workqueue_init_early() but * CPU to node mapping may not be available that early on some * archs such as power and arm64. As per-cpu pools created * previously could be missing node hint and unbound pools NUMA * affinity, fix them up. * * Also, while iterating workqueues, create rescuers if requested. */ wq_numa_init(); mutex_lock(&wq_pool_mutex); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { pool->node = cpu_to_node(cpu); } } list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) { wq_update_unbound_numa(wq, smp_processor_id(), true); WARN(init_rescuer(wq), "workqueue: failed to create early rescuer for %s", wq->name); } mutex_unlock(&wq_pool_mutex); /* create the initial workers */ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) { for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) { pool->flags &= ~POOL_DISASSOCIATED; BUG_ON(!create_worker(pool)); } } hash_for_each(unbound_pool_hash, bkt, pool, hash_node) BUG_ON(!create_worker(pool)); wq_online = true; wq_watchdog_init(); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_REQUEST_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_REQUEST_H #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #define BLK_MAX_CDB 16 struct scsi_request { unsigned char __cmd[BLK_MAX_CDB]; unsigned char *cmd; unsigned short cmd_len; int result; unsigned int sense_len; unsigned int resid_len; /* residual count */ int retries; void *sense; }; static inline struct scsi_request *scsi_req(struct request *rq) { return blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq); } static inline void scsi_req_free_cmd(struct scsi_request *req) { if (req->cmd != req->__cmd) kfree(req->cmd); } void scsi_req_init(struct scsi_request *req); #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_REQUEST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_UIDGID_H #define _LINUX_UIDGID_H /* * A set of types for the internal kernel types representing uids and gids. * * The types defined in this header allow distinguishing which uids and gids in * the kernel are values used by userspace and which uid and gid values are * the internal kernel values. With the addition of user namespaces the values * can be different. Using the type system makes it possible for the compiler * to detect when we overlook these differences. * */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> struct user_namespace; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; typedef struct { uid_t val; } kuid_t; typedef struct { gid_t val; } kgid_t; #define KUIDT_INIT(value) (kuid_t){ value } #define KGIDT_INIT(value) (kgid_t){ value } #ifdef CONFIG_MULTIUSER static inline uid_t __kuid_val(kuid_t uid) { return uid.val; } static inline gid_t __kgid_val(kgid_t gid) { return gid.val; } #else static inline uid_t __kuid_val(kuid_t uid) { return 0; } static inline gid_t __kgid_val(kgid_t gid) { return 0; } #endif #define GLOBAL_ROOT_UID KUIDT_INIT(0) #define GLOBAL_ROOT_GID KGIDT_INIT(0) #define INVALID_UID KUIDT_INIT(-1) #define INVALID_GID KGIDT_INIT(-1) static inline bool uid_eq(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) == __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_eq(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) == __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_gt(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) > __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_gt(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) > __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_gte(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) >= __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_gte(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) >= __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_lt(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) < __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_lt(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) < __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_lte(kuid_t left, kuid_t right) { return __kuid_val(left) <= __kuid_val(right); } static inline bool gid_lte(kgid_t left, kgid_t right) { return __kgid_val(left) <= __kgid_val(right); } static inline bool uid_valid(kuid_t uid) { return __kuid_val(uid) != (uid_t) -1; } static inline bool gid_valid(kgid_t gid) { return __kgid_val(gid) != (gid_t) -1; } #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS extern kuid_t make_kuid(struct user_namespace *from, uid_t uid); extern kgid_t make_kgid(struct user_namespace *from, gid_t gid); extern uid_t from_kuid(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t uid); extern gid_t from_kgid(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t gid); extern uid_t from_kuid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t uid); extern gid_t from_kgid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t gid); static inline bool kuid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid) { return from_kuid(ns, uid) != (uid_t) -1; } static inline bool kgid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kgid_t gid) { return from_kgid(ns, gid) != (gid_t) -1; } #else static inline kuid_t make_kuid(struct user_namespace *from, uid_t uid) { return KUIDT_INIT(uid); } static inline kgid_t make_kgid(struct user_namespace *from, gid_t gid) { return KGIDT_INIT(gid); } static inline uid_t from_kuid(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t kuid) { return __kuid_val(kuid); } static inline gid_t from_kgid(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t kgid) { return __kgid_val(kgid); } static inline uid_t from_kuid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kuid_t kuid) { uid_t uid = from_kuid(to, kuid); if (uid == (uid_t)-1) uid = overflowuid; return uid; } static inline gid_t from_kgid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, kgid_t kgid) { gid_t gid = from_kgid(to, kgid); if (gid == (gid_t)-1) gid = overflowgid; return gid; } static inline bool kuid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid) { return uid_valid(uid); } static inline bool kgid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, kgid_t gid) { return gid_valid(gid); } #endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */ #endif /* _LINUX_UIDGID_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef IOCONTEXT_H #define IOCONTEXT_H #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> enum { ICQ_EXITED = 1 << 2, ICQ_DESTROYED = 1 << 3, }; /* * An io_cq (icq) is association between an io_context (ioc) and a * request_queue (q). This is used by elevators which need to track * information per ioc - q pair. * * Elevator can request use of icq by setting elevator_type->icq_size and * ->icq_align. Both size and align must be larger than that of struct * io_cq and elevator can use the tail area for private information. The * recommended way to do this is defining a struct which contains io_cq as * the first member followed by private members and using its size and * align. For example, * * struct snail_io_cq { * struct io_cq icq; * int poke_snail; * int feed_snail; * }; * * struct elevator_type snail_elv_type { * .ops = { ... }, * .icq_size = sizeof(struct snail_io_cq), * .icq_align = __alignof__(struct snail_io_cq), * ... * }; * * If icq_size is set, block core will manage icq's. All requests will * have its ->elv.icq field set before elevator_ops->elevator_set_req_fn() * is called and be holding a reference to the associated io_context. * * Whenever a new icq is created, elevator_ops->elevator_init_icq_fn() is * called and, on destruction, ->elevator_exit_icq_fn(). Both functions * are called with both the associated io_context and queue locks held. * * Elevator is allowed to lookup icq using ioc_lookup_icq() while holding * queue lock but the returned icq is valid only until the queue lock is * released. Elevators can not and should not try to create or destroy * icq's. * * As icq's are linked from both ioc and q, the locking rules are a bit * complex. * * - ioc lock nests inside q lock. * * - ioc->icq_list and icq->ioc_node are protected by ioc lock. * q->icq_list and icq->q_node by q lock. * * - ioc->icq_tree and ioc->icq_hint are protected by ioc lock, while icq * itself is protected by q lock. However, both the indexes and icq * itself are also RCU managed and lookup can be performed holding only * the q lock. * * - icq's are not reference counted. They are destroyed when either the * ioc or q goes away. Each request with icq set holds an extra * reference to ioc to ensure it stays until the request is completed. * * - Linking and unlinking icq's are performed while holding both ioc and q * locks. Due to the lock ordering, q exit is simple but ioc exit * requires reverse-order double lock dance. */ struct io_cq { struct request_queue *q; struct io_context *ioc; /* * q_node and ioc_node link io_cq through icq_list of q and ioc * respectively. Both fields are unused once ioc_exit_icq() is * called and shared with __rcu_icq_cache and __rcu_head which are * used for RCU free of io_cq. */ union { struct list_head q_node; struct kmem_cache *__rcu_icq_cache; }; union { struct hlist_node ioc_node; struct rcu_head __rcu_head; }; unsigned int flags; }; /* * I/O subsystem state of the associated processes. It is refcounted * and kmalloc'ed. These could be shared between processes. */ struct io_context { atomic_long_t refcount; atomic_t active_ref; atomic_t nr_tasks; /* all the fields below are protected by this lock */ spinlock_t lock; unsigned short ioprio; struct radix_tree_root icq_tree; struct io_cq __rcu *icq_hint; struct hlist_head icq_list; struct work_struct release_work; }; /** * get_io_context_active - get active reference on ioc * @ioc: ioc of interest * * Only iocs with active reference can issue new IOs. This function * acquires an active reference on @ioc. The caller must already have an * active reference on @ioc. */ static inline void get_io_context_active(struct io_context *ioc) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_long_read(&ioc->refcount) <= 0); WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&ioc->active_ref) <= 0); atomic_long_inc(&ioc->refcount); atomic_inc(&ioc->active_ref); } static inline void ioc_task_link(struct io_context *ioc) { get_io_context_active(ioc); WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&ioc->nr_tasks) <= 0); atomic_inc(&ioc->nr_tasks); } struct task_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void put_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); void put_io_context_active(struct io_context *ioc); void exit_io_context(struct task_struct *task); struct io_context *get_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node); #else struct io_context; static inline void put_io_context(struct io_context *ioc) { } static inline void exit_io_context(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif #endif
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#define EMe(a,b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define WB_WORK_REASON \ EM( WB_REASON_BACKGROUND, "background") \ EM( WB_REASON_VMSCAN, "vmscan") \ EM( WB_REASON_SYNC, "sync") \ EM( WB_REASON_PERIODIC, "periodic") \ EM( WB_REASON_LAPTOP_TIMER, "laptop_timer") \ EM( WB_REASON_FS_FREE_SPACE, "fs_free_space") \ EMe(WB_REASON_FORKER_THREAD, "forker_thread") WB_WORK_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a,b) { a, b }, #define EMe(a,b) { a, b } struct wb_writeback_work; DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_page_template, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(pgoff_t, index) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(mapping ? inode_to_bdi(mapping->host) : NULL), 32); __entry->ino = mapping ? mapping->host->i_ino : 0; __entry->index = page->index; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu index=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->index ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, writeback_dirty_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, wait_on_page_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_dirty_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, flags) ), TP_fast_assign( struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); /* may be called for files on pseudo FSes w/ unregistered bdi */ strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s flags=%s", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), show_inode_state(__entry->flags) ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_mark_inode_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return cgroup_ino(wb->memcg_css->cgroup); } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { if (wbc->wb) return __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wbc->wb); else return 1; } #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return 1; } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ #endif /* CREATE_TRACE_POINTS */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK TRACE_EVENT(inode_foreign_history, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned int history), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, history), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, history) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); __entry->history = history; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu history=0x%x", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->history ) ); TRACE_EVENT(inode_switch_wbs, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *old_wb, struct bdi_writeback *new_wb), TP_ARGS(inode, old_wb, new_wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, old_cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, new_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(old_wb->bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->old_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(old_wb); __entry->new_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(new_wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu old_cgroup_ino=%lu new_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->old_cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->new_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(track_foreign_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(page, wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(u64, bdi_id) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned int, memcg_id) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, page_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); struct inode *inode = mapping ? mapping->host : NULL; strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->bdi_id = wb->bdi->id; __entry->ino = inode ? inode->i_ino : 0; __entry->memcg_id = wb->memcg_css->id; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->page_cgroup_ino = cgroup_ino(page->mem_cgroup->css.cgroup); ), TP_printk("bdi %s[%llu]: ino=%lu memcg_id=%u cgroup_ino=%lu page_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->bdi_id, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->memcg_id, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->page_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(flush_foreign, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned int frn_bdi_id, unsigned int frn_memcg_id), TP_ARGS(wb, frn_bdi_id, frn_memcg_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, frn_bdi_id) __field(unsigned int, frn_memcg_id) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->frn_bdi_id = frn_bdi_id; __entry->frn_memcg_id = frn_memcg_id; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu frn_bdi_id=%u frn_memcg_id=%u", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->frn_bdi_id, __entry->frn_memcg_id ) ); #endif DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_write_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu sync_mode=%d cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->sync_mode, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_work_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), TP_ARGS(wb, work), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_pages) __field(dev_t, sb_dev) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->nr_pages = work->nr_pages; __entry->sb_dev = work->sb ? work->sb->s_dev : 0; __entry->sync_mode = work->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = work->for_kupdate; __entry->range_cyclic = work->range_cyclic; __entry->for_background = work->for_background; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: sb_dev %d:%d nr_pages=%ld sync_mode=%d " "kupdate=%d range_cyclic=%d background=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, MAJOR(__entry->sb_dev), MINOR(__entry->sb_dev), __entry->nr_pages, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->for_background, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_work_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), \ TP_ARGS(wb, work)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_queue); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_exec); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_start); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_written); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_wait); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_pages_written, TP_PROTO(long pages_written), TP_ARGS(pages_written), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, pages) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pages = pages_written; ), TP_printk("%ld", __entry->pages) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), \ TP_ARGS(wb)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_wake_background); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_bdi_register, TP_PROTO(struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); ), TP_printk("bdi %s", __entry->name ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class, TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(long, pages_skipped) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, for_reclaim) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(long, range_start) __field(long, range_end) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = wbc->for_kupdate; __entry->for_background = wbc->for_background; __entry->for_reclaim = wbc->for_reclaim; __entry->range_cyclic = wbc->range_cyclic; __entry->range_start = (long)wbc->range_start; __entry->range_end = (long)wbc->range_end; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: towrt=%ld skip=%ld mode=%d kupd=%d " "bgrd=%d reclm=%d cyclic=%d " "start=0x%lx end=0x%lx cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->for_background, __entry->for_reclaim, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->range_start, __entry->range_end, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ) #define DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(wbc_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), \ TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi)) DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writepage); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_queue_io, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work, unsigned long dirtied_before, int moved), TP_ARGS(wb, work, dirtied_before, moved), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(unsigned long, older) __field(long, age) __field(int, moved) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->older = dirtied_before; __entry->age = (jiffies - dirtied_before) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->moved = moved; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: older=%lu age=%ld enqueue=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->older, /* dirtied_before in jiffies */ __entry->age, /* dirtied_before in relative milliseconds */ __entry->moved, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(global_dirty_state, TP_PROTO(unsigned long background_thresh, unsigned long dirty_thresh ), TP_ARGS(background_thresh, dirty_thresh ), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, background_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_limit) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirtied) __field(unsigned long, nr_written) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_dirty = global_node_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY); __entry->nr_writeback = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITEBACK); __entry->nr_dirtied = global_node_page_state(NR_DIRTIED); __entry->nr_written = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITTEN); __entry->background_thresh = background_thresh; __entry->dirty_thresh = dirty_thresh; __entry->dirty_limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; ), TP_printk("dirty=%lu writeback=%lu " "bg_thresh=%lu thresh=%lu limit=%lu " "dirtied=%lu written=%lu", __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->background_thresh, __entry->dirty_thresh, __entry->dirty_limit, __entry->nr_dirtied, __entry->nr_written ) ); #define KBps(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10)) TRACE_EVENT(bdi_dirty_ratelimit, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long dirty_rate, unsigned long task_ratelimit), TP_ARGS(wb, dirty_rate, task_ratelimit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, write_bw) __field(unsigned long, avg_write_bw) __field(unsigned long, dirty_rate) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, balanced_dirty_ratelimit) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->write_bw = KBps(wb->write_bandwidth); __entry->avg_write_bw = KBps(wb->avg_write_bandwidth); __entry->dirty_rate = KBps(dirty_rate); __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "write_bw=%lu awrite_bw=%lu dirty_rate=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "balanced_dirty_ratelimit=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->write_bw, /* write bandwidth */ __entry->avg_write_bw, /* avg write bandwidth */ __entry->dirty_rate, /* bdi dirty rate */ __entry->dirty_ratelimit, /* base ratelimit */ __entry->task_ratelimit, /* ratelimit with position control */ __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit, /* the balanced ratelimit */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(balance_dirty_pages, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long thresh, unsigned long bg_thresh, unsigned long dirty, unsigned long bdi_thresh, unsigned long bdi_dirty, unsigned long dirty_ratelimit, unsigned long task_ratelimit, unsigned long dirtied, unsigned long period, long pause, unsigned long start_time), TP_ARGS(wb, thresh, bg_thresh, dirty, bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty, dirty_ratelimit, task_ratelimit, dirtied, period, pause, start_time), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, limit) __field(unsigned long, setpoint) __field(unsigned long, dirty) __field(unsigned long, bdi_setpoint) __field(unsigned long, bdi_dirty) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned int, dirtied) __field(unsigned int, dirtied_pause) __field(unsigned long, paused) __field( long, pause) __field(unsigned long, period) __field( long, think) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long freerun = (thresh + bg_thresh) / 2; strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; __entry->setpoint = (global_wb_domain.dirty_limit + freerun) / 2; __entry->dirty = dirty; __entry->bdi_setpoint = __entry->setpoint * bdi_thresh / (thresh + 1); __entry->bdi_dirty = bdi_dirty; __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->dirtied = dirtied; __entry->dirtied_pause = current->nr_dirtied_pause; __entry->think = current->dirty_paused_when == 0 ? 0 : (long)(jiffies - current->dirty_paused_when) * 1000/HZ; __entry->period = period * 1000 / HZ; __entry->pause = pause * 1000 / HZ; __entry->paused = (jiffies - start_time) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "limit=%lu setpoint=%lu dirty=%lu " "bdi_setpoint=%lu bdi_dirty=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "dirtied=%u dirtied_pause=%u " "paused=%lu pause=%ld period=%lu think=%ld cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->limit, __entry->setpoint, __entry->dirty, __entry->bdi_setpoint, __entry->bdi_dirty, __entry->dirty_ratelimit, __entry->task_ratelimit, __entry->dirtied, __entry->dirtied_pause, __entry->paused, /* ms */ __entry->pause, /* ms */ __entry->period, /* ms */ __entry->think, /* ms */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_sb_inodes_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(inode_to_wb(inode)); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_congest_waited_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, usec_timeout ) __field( unsigned int, usec_delayed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->usec_timeout = usec_timeout; __entry->usec_delayed = usec_delayed; ), TP_printk("usec_timeout=%u usec_delayed=%u", __entry->usec_timeout, __entry->usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_congestion_wait, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_wait_iff_congested, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_single_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write ), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(unsigned long, writeback_index) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(unsigned long, wrote) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->nr_to_write = nr_to_write; __entry->wrote = nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu " "index=%lu to_write=%ld wrote=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, __entry->writeback_index, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->wrote, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field(unsigned long, state ) __field( __u16, mode ) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu dirtied %lu state %s mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->dirtied_when, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->mode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime_iput, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); /* * Inode writeback list tracking. */ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_mark_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_clear_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); #endif /* _TRACE_WRITEBACK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #define __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/mac802154.h> #include "ieee802154_i.h" #include "trace.h" static inline int drv_xmit_async(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { return local->ops->xmit_async(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_xmit_sync(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { might_sleep(); return local->ops->xmit_sync(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_start(struct ieee802154_local *local) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_start(local); local->started = true; smp_mb(); ret = local->ops->start(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline void drv_stop(struct ieee802154_local *local) { might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_stop(local); local->ops->stop(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_void(local); /* sync away all work on the tasklet before clearing started */ tasklet_disable(&local->tasklet); tasklet_enable(&local->tasklet); barrier(); local->started = false; } static inline int drv_set_channel(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 page, u8 channel) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_set_channel(local, page, channel); ret = local->ops->set_channel(&local->hw, page, channel); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_tx_power(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_txpower) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_tx_power(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_txpower(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_mode(local, cca); ret = local->ops->set_cca_mode(&local->hw, cca); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_lbt_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool mode) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_lbt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_lbt_mode(local, mode); ret = local->ops->set_lbt(&local->hw, mode); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_ed_level(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_ed_level) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_ed_level(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_cca_ed_level(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_id(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 pan_id) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_id = pan_id; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_id(local, pan_id); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANID_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_extended_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le64 extended_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.ieee_addr = extended_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_extended_addr(local, extended_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_IEEEADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_short_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 short_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.short_addr = short_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_short_addr(local, short_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_SADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_coord(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool is_coord) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_coord = is_coord; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_coord(local, is_coord); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANC_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_csma_params(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 min_be, u8 max_be, u8 max_csma_backoffs) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_csma_params) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_csma_params(local, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); ret = local->ops->set_csma_params(&local->hw, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_max_frame_retries(struct ieee802154_local *local, s8 max_frame_retries) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_frame_retries) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_max_frame_retries(local, max_frame_retries); ret = local->ops->set_frame_retries(&local->hw, max_frame_retries); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_promiscuous_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool on) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_promiscuous_mode(local, on); ret = local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode(&local->hw, on); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } #endif /* __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_GENHD_H #define _LINUX_GENHD_H /* * genhd.h Copyright (C) 1992 Drew Eckhardt * Generic hard disk header file by * Drew Eckhardt * * <drew@colorado.edu> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <asm/local.h> #define dev_to_disk(device) container_of((device), struct gendisk, part0.__dev) #define dev_to_part(device) container_of((device), struct hd_struct, __dev) #define disk_to_dev(disk) (&(disk)->part0.__dev) #define part_to_dev(part) (&((part)->__dev)) extern const struct device_type disk_type; extern struct device_type part_type; extern struct class block_class; #define DISK_MAX_PARTS 256 #define DISK_NAME_LEN 32 #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #define PARTITION_META_INFO_VOLNAMELTH 64 /* * Enough for the string representation of any kind of UUID plus NULL. * EFI UUID is 36 characters. MSDOS UUID is 11 characters. */ #define PARTITION_META_INFO_UUIDLTH (UUID_STRING_LEN + 1) struct partition_meta_info { char uuid[PARTITION_META_INFO_UUIDLTH]; u8 volname[PARTITION_META_INFO_VOLNAMELTH]; }; struct hd_struct { sector_t start_sect; /* * nr_sects is protected by sequence counter. One might extend a * partition while IO is happening to it and update of nr_sects * can be non-atomic on 32bit machines with 64bit sector_t. */ sector_t nr_sects; #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) seqcount_t nr_sects_seq; #endif unsigned long stamp; struct disk_stats __percpu *dkstats; struct percpu_ref ref; struct device __dev; struct kobject *holder_dir; int policy, partno; struct partition_meta_info *info; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST int make_it_fail; #endif struct rcu_work rcu_work; }; /** * DOC: genhd capability flags * * ``GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE`` (0x0001): indicates that the block device * gives access to removable media. * When set, the device remains present even when media is not * inserted. * Must not be set for devices which are removed entirely when the * media is removed. * * ``GENHD_FL_CD`` (0x0008): the block device is a CD-ROM-style * device. * Affects responses to the ``CDROM_GET_CAPABILITY`` ioctl. * * ``GENHD_FL_UP`` (0x0010): indicates that the block device is "up", * with a similar meaning to network interfaces. * * ``GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO`` (0x0020): don't include * partition information in ``/proc/partitions`` or in the output of * printk_all_partitions(). * Used for the null block device and some MMC devices. * * ``GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT`` (0x0040): the driver supports extended * dynamic ``dev_t``, i.e. it wants extended device numbers * (``BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR``). * This affects the maximum number of partitions. * * ``GENHD_FL_NATIVE_CAPACITY`` (0x0080): based on information in the * partition table, the device's capacity has been extended to its * native capacity; i.e. the device has hidden capacity used by one * of the partitions (this is a flag used so that native capacity is * only ever unlocked once). * * ``GENHD_FL_BLOCK_EVENTS_ON_EXCL_WRITE`` (0x0100): event polling is * blocked whenever a writer holds an exclusive lock. * * ``GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN`` (0x0200): partition scanning is disabled. * Used for loop devices in their default settings and some MMC * devices. * * ``GENHD_FL_HIDDEN`` (0x0400): the block device is hidden; it * doesn't produce events, doesn't appear in sysfs, and doesn't have * an associated ``bdev``. * Implies ``GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO`` and * ``GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN``. * Used for multipath devices. */ #define GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE 0x0001 /* 2 is unused (used to be GENHD_FL_DRIVERFS) */ /* 4 is unused (used to be GENHD_FL_MEDIA_CHANGE_NOTIFY) */ #define GENHD_FL_CD 0x0008 #define GENHD_FL_UP 0x0010 #define GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO 0x0020 #define GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT 0x0040 #define GENHD_FL_NATIVE_CAPACITY 0x0080 #define GENHD_FL_BLOCK_EVENTS_ON_EXCL_WRITE 0x0100 #define GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN 0x0200 #define GENHD_FL_HIDDEN 0x0400 enum { DISK_EVENT_MEDIA_CHANGE = 1 << 0, /* media changed */ DISK_EVENT_EJECT_REQUEST = 1 << 1, /* eject requested */ }; enum { /* Poll even if events_poll_msecs is unset */ DISK_EVENT_FLAG_POLL = 1 << 0, /* Forward events to udev */ DISK_EVENT_FLAG_UEVENT = 1 << 1, }; struct disk_part_tbl { struct rcu_head rcu_head; int len; struct hd_struct __rcu *last_lookup; struct hd_struct __rcu *part[]; }; struct disk_events; struct badblocks; struct blk_integrity { const struct blk_integrity_profile *profile; unsigned char flags; unsigned char tuple_size; unsigned char interval_exp; unsigned char tag_size; }; struct gendisk { /* major, first_minor and minors are input parameters only, * don't use directly. Use disk_devt() and disk_max_parts(). */ int major; /* major number of driver */ int first_minor; int minors; /* maximum number of minors, =1 for * disks that can't be partitioned. */ char disk_name[DISK_NAME_LEN]; /* name of major driver */ unsigned short events; /* supported events */ unsigned short event_flags; /* flags related to event processing */ /* Array of pointers to partitions indexed by partno. * Protected with matching bdev lock but stat and other * non-critical accesses use RCU. Always access through * helpers. */ struct disk_part_tbl __rcu *part_tbl; struct hd_struct part0; const struct block_device_operations *fops; struct request_queue *queue; void *private_data; int flags; unsigned long state; #define GD_NEED_PART_SCAN 0 struct rw_semaphore lookup_sem; struct kobject *slave_dir; struct timer_rand_state *random; atomic_t sync_io; /* RAID */ struct disk_events *ev; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY struct kobject integrity_kobj; #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CDROM) struct cdrom_device_info *cdi; #endif int node_id; struct badblocks *bb; struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; }; #if IS_REACHABLE(CONFIG_CDROM) #define disk_to_cdi(disk) ((disk)->cdi) #else #define disk_to_cdi(disk) NULL #endif static inline struct gendisk *part_to_disk(struct hd_struct *part) { if (likely(part)) { if (part->partno) return dev_to_disk(part_to_dev(part)->parent); else return dev_to_disk(part_to_dev(part)); } return NULL; } static inline int disk_max_parts(struct gendisk *disk) { if (disk->flags & GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT) return DISK_MAX_PARTS; return disk->minors; } static inline bool disk_part_scan_enabled(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk_max_parts(disk) > 1 && !(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN); } static inline dev_t disk_devt(struct gendisk *disk) { return MKDEV(disk->major, disk->first_minor); } static inline dev_t part_devt(struct hd_struct *part) { return part_to_dev(part)->devt; } extern struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); extern struct hd_struct *disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); static inline void disk_put_part(struct hd_struct *part) { if (likely(part)) put_device(part_to_dev(part)); } static inline void hd_sects_seq_init(struct hd_struct *p) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) seqcount_init(&p->nr_sects_seq); #endif } /* * Smarter partition iterator without context limits. */ #define DISK_PITER_REVERSE (1 << 0) /* iterate in the reverse direction */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY (1 << 1) /* include 0-sized parts */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_PART0 (1 << 2) /* include partition 0 */ #define DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY_PART0 (1 << 3) /* include empty partition 0 */ struct disk_part_iter { struct gendisk *disk; struct hd_struct *part; int idx; unsigned int flags; }; extern void disk_part_iter_init(struct disk_part_iter *piter, struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int flags); extern struct hd_struct *disk_part_iter_next(struct disk_part_iter *piter); extern void disk_part_iter_exit(struct disk_part_iter *piter); extern bool disk_has_partitions(struct gendisk *disk); /* block/genhd.c */ extern void device_add_disk(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk, const struct attribute_group **groups); static inline void add_disk(struct gendisk *disk) { device_add_disk(NULL, disk, NULL); } extern void device_add_disk_no_queue_reg(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk); static inline void add_disk_no_queue_reg(struct gendisk *disk) { device_add_disk_no_queue_reg(NULL, disk); } extern void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *gp); extern struct gendisk *get_gendisk(dev_t dev, int *partno); extern struct block_device *bdget_disk(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); extern void set_device_ro(struct block_device *bdev, int flag); extern void set_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk, int flag); static inline int get_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk->part0.policy; } extern void disk_block_events(struct gendisk *disk); extern void disk_unblock_events(struct gendisk *disk); extern void disk_flush_events(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int mask); bool set_capacity_revalidate_and_notify(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t size, bool update_bdev); /* drivers/char/random.c */ extern void add_disk_randomness(struct gendisk *disk) __latent_entropy; extern void rand_initialize_disk(struct gendisk *disk); static inline sector_t get_start_sect(struct block_device *bdev) { return bdev->bd_part->start_sect; } static inline sector_t get_capacity(struct gendisk *disk) { return disk->part0.nr_sects; } static inline void set_capacity(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t size) { disk->part0.nr_sects = size; } int bdev_disk_changed(struct block_device *bdev, bool invalidate); int blk_add_partitions(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev); int blk_drop_partitions(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct gendisk *__alloc_disk_node(int minors, int node_id); extern struct kobject *get_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk); extern void put_disk(struct gendisk *disk); extern void put_disk_and_module(struct gendisk *disk); extern void blk_register_region(dev_t devt, unsigned long range, struct module *module, struct kobject *(*probe)(dev_t, int *, void *), int (*lock)(dev_t, void *), void *data); extern void blk_unregister_region(dev_t devt, unsigned long range); #define alloc_disk_node(minors, node_id) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ const char *__name; \ struct gendisk *__disk; \ \ __name = "(gendisk_completion)"#minors"("#node_id")"; \ \ __disk = __alloc_disk_node(minors, node_id); \ \ if (__disk) \ lockdep_init_map(&__disk->lockdep_map, __name, &__key, 0); \ \ __disk; \ }) #define alloc_disk(minors) alloc_disk_node(minors, NUMA_NO_NODE) int register_blkdev(unsigned int major, const char *name); void unregister_blkdev(unsigned int major, const char *name); void revalidate_disk_size(struct gendisk *disk, bool verbose); bool bdev_check_media_change(struct block_device *bdev); int __invalidate_device(struct block_device *bdev, bool kill_dirty); void bd_set_nr_sectors(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sectors); /* for drivers/char/raw.c: */ int blkdev_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long); long compat_blkdev_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS int bd_link_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk); void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk); #else static inline int bd_link_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk) { return 0; } static inline void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void printk_all_partitions(void); dev_t blk_lookup_devt(const char *name, int partno); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ static inline void printk_all_partitions(void) { } static inline dev_t blk_lookup_devt(const char *name, int partno) { dev_t devt = MKDEV(0, 0); return devt; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif /* _LINUX_GENHD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * NUMA memory policies for Linux. * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen SuSE Labs */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H #define _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <uapi/linux/mempolicy.h> struct mm_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * Describe a memory policy. * * A mempolicy can be either associated with a process or with a VMA. * For VMA related allocations the VMA policy is preferred, otherwise * the process policy is used. Interrupts ignore the memory policy * of the current process. * * Locking policy for interleave: * In process context there is no locking because only the process accesses * its own state. All vma manipulation is somewhat protected by a down_read on * mmap_lock. * * Freeing policy: * Mempolicy objects are reference counted. A mempolicy will be freed when * mpol_put() decrements the reference count to zero. * * Duplicating policy objects: * mpol_dup() allocates a new mempolicy and copies the specified mempolicy * to the new storage. The reference count of the new object is initialized * to 1, representing the caller of mpol_dup(). */ struct mempolicy { atomic_t refcnt; unsigned short mode; /* See MPOL_* above */ unsigned short flags; /* See set_mempolicy() MPOL_F_* above */ union { short preferred_node; /* preferred */ nodemask_t nodes; /* interleave/bind */ /* undefined for default */ } v; union { nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed; /* relative to these nodes */ nodemask_t user_nodemask; /* nodemask passed by user */ } w; }; /* * Support for managing mempolicy data objects (clone, copy, destroy) * The default fast path of a NULL MPOL_DEFAULT policy is always inlined. */ extern void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) __mpol_put(pol); } /* * Does mempolicy pol need explicit unref after use? * Currently only needed for shared policies. */ static inline int mpol_needs_cond_ref(struct mempolicy *pol) { return (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_SHARED)); } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) __mpol_put(pol); } extern struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline struct mempolicy *mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) pol = __mpol_dup(pol); return pol; } #define vma_policy(vma) ((vma)->vm_policy) static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) atomic_inc(&pol->refcnt); } extern bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b); static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (a == b) return true; return __mpol_equal(a, b); } /* * Tree of shared policies for a shared memory region. * Maintain the policies in a pseudo mm that contains vmas. The vmas * carry the policy. As a special twist the pseudo mm is indexed in pages, not * bytes, so that we can work with shared memory segments bigger than * unsigned long. */ struct sp_node { struct rb_node nd; unsigned long start, end; struct mempolicy *policy; }; struct shared_policy { struct rb_root root; rwlock_t lock; }; int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst); void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol); int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p); struct mempolicy *mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p); struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void numa_default_policy(void); extern void numa_policy_init(void); extern void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new); extern void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new); extern int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask); extern bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask); extern bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask); extern nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy); static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { struct mempolicy *mpol = get_task_policy(current); return policy_nodemask(gfp, mpol); } extern unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void); extern enum zone_type policy_zone; static inline void check_highest_zone(enum zone_type k) { if (k > policy_zone && k != ZONE_MOVABLE) policy_zone = k; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS extern int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol); #endif extern void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol); /* Check if a vma is migratable */ extern bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern int mpol_misplaced(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); extern void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *); #else struct mempolicy {}; static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { return true; } static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { } static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { } struct shared_policy {}; static inline void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { } static inline void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { } static inline struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { return NULL; } #define vma_policy(vma) NULL static inline int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { return 0; } static inline void numa_policy_init(void) { } static inline void numa_default_policy(void) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { } static inline int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { *mpol = NULL; *nodemask = NULL; return 0; } static inline bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *m) { return false; } static inline int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return 0; } static inline void check_highest_zone(int k) { } #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS static inline int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { return 1; /* error */ } #endif static inline int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return -1; /* no node preference */ } static inline void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #define __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/netfilter_defs.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> static inline int NF_DROP_GETERR(int verdict) { return -(verdict >> NF_VERDICT_QBITS); } static inline int nf_inet_addr_cmp(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, const union nf_inet_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return ((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) | (ul1[1] ^ ul2[1])) == 0UL; #else return a1->all[0] == a2->all[0] && a1->all[1] == a2->all[1] && a1->all[2] == a2->all[2] && a1->all[3] == a2->all[3]; #endif } static inline void nf_inet_addr_mask(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, union nf_inet_addr *result, const union nf_inet_addr *mask) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ua = (const unsigned long *)a1; unsigned long *ur = (unsigned long *)result; const unsigned long *um = (const unsigned long *)mask; ur[0] = ua[0] & um[0]; ur[1] = ua[1] & um[1]; #else result->all[0] = a1->all[0] & mask->all[0]; result->all[1] = a1->all[1] & mask->all[1]; result->all[2] = a1->all[2] & mask->all[2]; result->all[3] = a1->all[3] & mask->all[3]; #endif } int netfilter_init(void); struct sk_buff; struct nf_hook_ops; struct sock; struct nf_hook_state { unsigned int hook; u_int8_t pf; struct net_device *in; struct net_device *out; struct sock *sk; struct net *net; int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *); }; typedef unsigned int nf_hookfn(void *priv, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nf_hook_state *state); struct nf_hook_ops { /* User fills in from here down. */ nf_hookfn *hook; struct net_device *dev; void *priv; u_int8_t pf; unsigned int hooknum; /* Hooks are ordered in ascending priority. */ int priority; }; struct nf_hook_entry { nf_hookfn *hook; void *priv; }; struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head { struct rcu_head head; void *allocation; }; struct nf_hook_entries { u16 num_hook_entries; /* padding */ struct nf_hook_entry hooks[]; /* trailer: pointers to original orig_ops of each hook, * followed by rcu_head and scratch space used for freeing * the structure via call_rcu. * * This is not part of struct nf_hook_entry since its only * needed in slow path (hook register/unregister): * const struct nf_hook_ops *orig_ops[] * * For the same reason, we store this at end -- its * only needed when a hook is deleted, not during * packet path processing: * struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head head */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER static inline struct nf_hook_ops **nf_hook_entries_get_hook_ops(const struct nf_hook_entries *e) { unsigned int n = e->num_hook_entries; const void *hook_end; hook_end = &e->hooks[n]; /* this is *past* ->hooks[]! */ return (struct nf_hook_ops **)hook_end; } static inline int nf_hook_entry_hookfn(const struct nf_hook_entry *entry, struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state) { return entry->hook(entry->priv, skb, state); } static inline void nf_hook_state_init(struct nf_hook_state *p, unsigned int hook, u_int8_t pf, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, struct sock *sk, struct net *net, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { p->hook = hook; p->pf = pf; p->in = indev; p->out = outdev; p->sk = sk; p->net = net; p->okfn = okfn; } struct nf_sockopt_ops { struct list_head list; u_int8_t pf; /* Non-inclusive ranges: use 0/0/NULL to never get called. */ int set_optmin; int set_optmax; int (*set)(struct sock *sk, int optval, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len); int get_optmin; int get_optmax; int (*get)(struct sock *sk, int optval, void __user *user, int *len); /* Use the module struct to lock set/get code in place */ struct module *owner; }; /* Function to register/unregister hook points. */ int nf_register_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); void nf_unregister_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); int nf_register_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); void nf_unregister_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); /* Functions to register get/setsockopt ranges (non-inclusive). You need to check permissions yourself! */ int nf_register_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); void nf_unregister_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL extern struct static_key nf_hooks_needed[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO][NF_MAX_HOOKS]; #endif int nf_hook_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e, unsigned int i); void nf_hook_slow_list(struct list_head *head, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e); /** * nf_hook - call a netfilter hook * * Returns 1 if the hook has allowed the packet to pass. The function * okfn must be invoked by the caller in this case. Any other return * value indicates the packet has been consumed by the hook. */ static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; int ret = 1; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return 1; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_ARP: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_ARP if (WARN_ON_ONCE(hook >= ARRAY_SIZE(net->nf.hooks_arp))) break; hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_arp[hook]); #endif break; case NFPROTO_BRIDGE: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_BRIDGE hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_bridge[hook]); #endif break; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DECNET) case NFPROTO_DECNET: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_decnet[hook]); break; #endif default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, indev, outdev, sk, net, okfn); ret = nf_hook_slow(skb, &state, hook_head, 0); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* Activate hook; either okfn or kfree_skb called, unless a hook returns NF_STOLEN (in which case, it's up to the hook to deal with the consequences). Returns -ERRNO if packet dropped. Zero means queued, stolen or accepted. */ /* RR: > I don't want nf_hook to return anything because people might forget > about async and trust the return value to mean "packet was ok". AK: Just document it clearly, then you can expect some sense from kernel coders :) */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { int ret; if (!cond || ((ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn)) == 1)) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { int ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn); if (ret == 1) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, in, out, sk, net, okfn); nf_hook_slow_list(head, &state, hook_head); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Call setsockopt() */ int nf_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, sockptr_t opt, unsigned int len); int nf_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, char __user *opt, int *len); struct flowi; struct nf_queue_entry; __sum16 nf_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); __sum16 nf_checksum_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, unsigned int len, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); int nf_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry **dst, struct flowi *fl, bool strict, unsigned short family); int nf_reroute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_queue_entry *entry); #include <net/flow.h> struct nf_conn; enum nf_nat_manip_type; struct nlattr; enum ip_conntrack_dir; struct nf_nat_hook { int (*parse_nat_setup)(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type manip, const struct nlattr *attr); void (*decode_session)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); unsigned int (*manip_pkt)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type mtype, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir); }; extern struct nf_nat_hook __rcu *nf_nat_hook; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct nf_nat_hook *nat_hook; rcu_read_lock(); nat_hook = rcu_dereference(nf_nat_hook); if (nat_hook && nat_hook->decode_session) nat_hook->decode_session(skb, fl); rcu_read_unlock(); #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_NETFILTER */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { /* nothing to do */ } static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return 1; } struct flowi; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { } #endif /*CONFIG_NETFILTER*/ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> extern void (*ip_ct_attach)(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *) __rcu; void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *); struct nf_conntrack_tuple; bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *new, struct sk_buff *skb) {} struct nf_conntrack_tuple; static inline bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif struct nf_conn; enum ip_conntrack_info; struct nf_ct_hook { int (*update)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*destroy)(struct nf_conntrack *); bool (*get_tuple_skb)(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *, const struct sk_buff *); }; extern struct nf_ct_hook __rcu *nf_ct_hook; struct nlattr; struct nfnl_ct_hook { struct nf_conn *(*get_ct)(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo); size_t (*build_size)(const struct nf_conn *ct); int (*build)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, u_int16_t ct_attr, u_int16_t ct_info_attr); int (*parse)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct); int (*attach_expect)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct, u32 portid, u32 report); void (*seq_adjust)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, s32 off); }; extern struct nfnl_ct_hook __rcu *nfnl_ct_hook; /** * nf_skb_duplicated - TEE target has sent a packet * * When a xtables target sends a packet, the OUTPUT and POSTROUTING * hooks are traversed again, i.e. nft and xtables are invoked recursively. * * This is used by xtables TEE target to prevent the duplicated skb from * being duplicated again. */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, nf_skb_duplicated); #endif /*__LINUX_NETFILTER_H*/
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